Abstract Essays


15 Abstract Examples to Help Your Writing

research, written the paper, and now you have to do the abstract.  It’s the last piece of the puzzle—then your academic paper will be complete.  All you need are a few abstract examples to show you how to compose your own.  Problem is you don’t know where to look! Consider your Continue Reading... Continue Reading...

Consider the Lobster by David Foster Wallace

the issues presented in the article and propel the thesis to a higher, more abstract ground. This is evident in the conclusion of the piece, where Wallace fires six questions off in a row -- over the span of 167 words -- all focusing on provoking the reader to question his own thoughts and feelings on the subject at hand. It is meant, in other words, to lift the lid on the topic and allow a whole new flow of ideas and connected extensions of the issue to emerge. It is a method of describing the ultimate conclusion or… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

Retrieved August 10, 2016, from http://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/38668_4.pdf Seigel, L. (2000). National Criminal Justice Reference Service. NCJRS abstract - National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved August 13, 2016, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=185187 Silverman, R. (2004). MARVIN EUGENE WOLFGANG. PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, 148(4). Retrieved, from https://amphilsoc.org/sites/default/files/proceedings/480416.pdf (n.d.). Study.com - Take Online Courses. Earn College Credit. Research Schools, Degrees & Careers. Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance - Video & Lesson Transcript - Study.com. Retrieved August 10, 2016, from http://study.com/academy/lesson/social-conflict-theory-and-crime-definitions-and-approach-to-deviance.html Continue Reading...

Policy Evaluation

and activities are typically outside the scope of programs. The systematic evaluation of the value/worth of an item ( abstract or concrete) is called evaluation (Trochim, 2006). Evaluation is intensive, systematic, objective and rigorous. It draws judgments about the effects and merits of a program. The policy discussed here gives direction for evaluation of programs. This policy is intended to support quality evaluation process in bolstering training and education outcomes for children, employers, students and similar stakeholders in training at the workplace, for caregivers, parents. It seeks to promote active, strong and inclusive communities accompanied with efficient utilization of resources. Evaluation… Continue Reading...

Treatment and Counseling for Low Self Esteem

weaknesses, the flaws and deficits. Its manifestations occur at many levels including abstract beliefs to thoughts, feelings and actions that occur every minute (Fennell, 1997). Cognitive Behavior Therapy/Treatment Case Study A female Caucasian who is currently fresh on college said that she came to counseling because she had been caught in possession of alcohol in the college dorm. She explained that although her friends in the dorm at the time were drunk, she was not. She said she only drank to follow suit. She said that she found college stressful compared to high school where it was smooth for… Continue Reading...

Systematic Review

the Cochrane High Blood Pressure Group by then. Two independent reviewers assessed each review abstract that had been developed by Cochrane High Blood Pressure Group in order to evaluate their significance in the overall control of primary high blood pressure (Al-Ansary et al., 2013). The CPGs that were included were descriptively summarized on the basis of examination, evaluation and control suggestions. For each of the items, we indicated whether it was CPG recommended, the evidence level (in accordance to the research design) as well as the eminence of research that supported or refuted the suggestions (determined after thorough appraisal… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics

abstract This paper will analyze a particular case scenario and address the ethical issues presented for both the employee and the organization. A resolution to the issue will be proposed, which can help prevent similar future ethical scenarios. Case Background Cindy has been employed with TA (Total Associates), a downtown city management consultancy company, for the past three years. She aspires to enroll in a graduate business institution a year from now, and has begun the application formalities already. According to her workplace's… Continue Reading...

Fairy Stories

Nature of the Universe The term fantastic insinuates that it has to do with matters extra-terrestrial. It has to do with the world beyond the conventional one that we interact with at the physical level. Tolkien has an obviously clear view of what it is in relation to the value of creative thinking and imagination. Literature is created from the primary imagination which is also referred to as an echo from the primary imagination. This is also the force and living power behind all human perception. This is a repetition of the eternal act of creation as is encased in… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

the Management of Household Finance. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32: 546-555. abstract The article examines both mental budgeting and financial management in a large sample of Dutch population. Results obtained showed that mental budgeting was relatively common, and it was largely outlined through different aspects such as financial understanding, general knowledge, having objectives for saving, time positioning, and financial state of affairs. Secondly, the results showed that mental budgeting, together with the impact of financial circumstances, time orientation and financial understanding, was positively correlated to having a general idea of expenses and current accounts, and household financial management. Introduction In… Continue Reading...

Trust Within a Marriage

Conflict Management Resolving of conflicts between two people is usually simple. However, in many situations, resolution of conflicts can be made more difficult. This is true when it comes to workplace situations, per chance conflicts that arise with strangers and so forth. However, when family or friendship is in the mix and a conflict is present, resolution and solutions can be fleeting and hard to come by. Not only are there personal feelings and a lot of history involved, there can also be a lot of bogging down and movement away from clean solutions as there can be a focus… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

in a way that provide little statistical information and more abstract information, that could mean many other subjects are addressed in this way. What Istenic Starcic & Bagon mentions and what is needed, are more studies and reviews that help provide information on what works when it comes to technology integration and what does not. This will then lend to a better understanding of the necessary steps needed to achieve a change both on the policy level and execution. Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Why are you discussing descriptive articles? Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Can you find another source, this… Continue Reading...

Teaching and Learning

owing to the sound memory and time at their disposal, in addition to their ability to converse about abstract subjects with their peers. However, student experiences and thoughts differ from those of adults. Thus, educators have to relate the language teaching process much closer to the everyday interests of students and urge them to react to scenarios and texts using their personal experiences and thoughts, instead of engaging in abstract learning and answering questions. To some extent, youngsters directly tackle learning issues and demand for constructive feedback with regard to everything they do. Teaching them is rather tricky and,… Continue Reading...

Court Case Review in Re Winship

of the "preponderance of evidence" clause that had tainted the original Family Court case, noting that such " abstract weighing of the evidence" is "susceptible to misinterpretation," ("In Re Winship"). The justices also write that the "reasonable doubt" standard "plays a vital role in the American scheme of criminal procedure. It is a prime instrument for reducing the risk of convictions resting on factual error," ("In Re Winship"). Given that juveniles are frequently tried for acts that would be considered crimes, and that those acts might warrant trial as adult and resulting in incarceration, the enforcement of due process and… Continue Reading...

Buddhist Versus Hindu Architecture

adapting the life of the Buddha into art was extremely common as a way of representing the highly abstract ideas of the new religion into concrete terms. Additionally, popular legends and folklore which predated Buddhism were also reflected in many of these myths, many of which purported to illustrate the earlier lives of the Buddha during his past incarnations although scholars have noted that they are really popular legends (often featuring animals) adapted to Buddhist teachings (Dehejia 2007). In the very earliest artistic representations of the Buddha, the Buddha was not literally represented at all but only as an… Continue Reading...

Drone Strikes and Politics in Movies

"International Law, Military Effectiveness, and Public Support for Drone Strikes." (May 19, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/ abstract=2608137 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2608137 Maurer, Kathrin. "Visual power: The scopic regime of military drone operations." Media, War, and Conflict, April 7, 2016, doi: 10.1177/1750635216636137 Miller, Greg. "Under Obama, an emerging global apparatus for drone killing." The Washington Post. Dec 2011, Retrieved online: http://www.agriculturedefensecoalition.org/sites/default/files/file/drones_517/517X_2_2011_Under_President_Obama_Emerging_Global_Apparatus_for_Drone_Killing_The_Washington_Post_December_27_2011_Entire_Article.pdf Continue Reading...

Community Planning Methods That Involve Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana

Retrieved from https://www.justice.gov/archive/ndic/pubs44/44731/44731p.pdf Oglesby, Pat, Supplemental Thoughts About Revenue from Marijuana in Vermont (January 16, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/ abstract=2551029 Simeone, Ronald, John Carnevale, Annie Millar. 2005. "A Systems Approach to Performance-Based Management: The National Drug Control Strategy." Public Administration Review 65 (2): 191 -- 202. Wallach, Philip. 2014. Washington's Marijuana Legalization Grows Knowledge, Not Just Pot: A Report on the State's Strategy to Assess Reform. The Brookings Institution. Continue Reading...

Emotional Exhaustion Among Salespeople

salespersons' emotional exhaustion" by Jeffrey E. Lewin and Jeffrey K. Sager discusses in the abstract, sales person blowout. Salesperson blowout is a continuing major concern in industrial marketing organizations (Lewin & Sager, 2009). The authors analyze the viability of specific coping strategies and their impact on work-related stressors and salesperson burnout. This topic has not seen much research or analysis and thus the authors set out to examine problem-focused as well as emotional-focused coping and the impact these two coping strategies have on role stress, specifically emotional exhaustion. Nevertheless, mixed results came from emotion-focused coping, creating additional research-based questions.… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Art 21st Century Asia

(Winners, 2016). Interactivity is also achieved in the preference for abstract and provocative performance art that requests deep audience engagement divorced from the colonialist gaze. For example, Ei Arakawa is a Japanese artist who appreciates the "pop up" sensibility of the postmodern urban landscape. Arakawa's work is "almost always collaborative, and engages with art's element of social spectacle -- from production to destruction. His artistic sensibility is informed by a performative, indeterminate, 'everywhere-but-nowhere' condition," (Winners, 2016). The interactive and social elements of contemporary Japanese art are actually just beginning to locate their parallels in the arts of Japan's neighbors… Continue Reading...

Pacific Island and Aboriginal Art 1980

is both a time and a space, but it also transcends both time and space. Rendering the abstract cosmology of the Dreamtime in art has evolved over thousands of years. Dreamtime is rooted in the theory that "the Earth's surface once was nothing but a vast, nondescript expanse of mud or clay," (Kiger, n.d.). From an artist's perspective, a "vast, nondescript expanse of mud or clay" is the starting point of all creation. The creation of the universe is art, and art therefore mirrors the creation of the universe. Moreover, the creators are not earth-bound. Rather, the "ancestral spirit… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

mental accounts are organized on active objectives that can be detailed or abstract and continuous objectives. In addition, Thaler (1999) exemplifies the self-control structures of mental accounts, and he defines that distributing spending into budget groupings enables sensible interchanges. The author labels money into accounts at three levels. First, expenditures are clustered into budgets for food and housing. Second, wealth is apportioned into accounts of savings, pension, and emergency days. Lastly, income is separated into groupings for example regular or bonus. Hypothesis (4) please explain them in detail (important thing in this paper it's all about the hypothesis) for… Continue Reading...

Film Talk to Her by Pedro Almodovar

unfold through the eyes of each character. This allows the filmmaker to provide an impressionistic or even semi- abstract view. The audience has deep insight into how each character frames every event. This way, the same event can be viewed from multiple angles and perspectives. In fact, it can even be said that the events are only meaningful to the film insofar as they are meaningful to each character. The non-linear plot order allows the story order to maintain its integrity because the story does not depend on linear time. Using a non-linear chronology in Habla con Ella entails switching… Continue Reading...

Small Local Business Marketing Plan

Currently, the branding is clean with only color schemes and abstract elements in the logo. I believe that adding a cat or other animal might help to create more of a brand identity that can remain stable over time, even seeing if it would be possible for the company to have a live-in cat or rabbit. A cute animal would further differentiate the company from its competitors and attract customers on that basis alone. Otherwise, I believe Toshi Dream Spa and Salon might be one of the most exemplary examples of a small local business succeeding at creative and… Continue Reading...

Because I Could Not Stop for Death by Emily Dickenson

"Because I Could Not Stop for Death," Emily Dickenson shows that death is not the end of anything, but the beginning of eternal life. The poet addresses death directly, presenting death as a character without going so far as to anthropomorphize death. Death is a "he," but he also appears as more a disembodied spirit or abstraction than a person. Nevertheless, the speaker is on intimate terms with death, who is presented as a kind companion or counterpart to life. Death is contrasted with life, with the latter being fleeting and the former being eternal. Whereas life is hurried and… Continue Reading...

Navajo Leadership in Antiquity

ability to help the tribe. This latter aspect of the attributes of Navajo leaders was not an abstract notion. In one of the original stories about the lineage of these people, the four different animals they selected to lead them were a wolf for its protection, a bluebird for its nurturing and ability to help the tribe grow, a mountain lion as a hunter to feed the people, and a hummingbird for its spiritual prowess (Navajo Nation 22). These different characteristics are extremely pragmatic in nature, if not outright essential for the long-term sustenance of a group of people.… Continue Reading...

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

engineers and what leads to them being successful. As noted in abstract, the authors sough to reveal the mentoring and positive experiences of Latinas in the STEM field. Do you think the choice of induction or deduction was correct for the study? Absolutely. If the desired data and things to check are known in advance, the deductive reasoning path is the way to go. If this was a situation where the author was looking for something else and came across the Latina STEM mentorship and such, then inductive would be the expected result. What data collection methods, instruments, samples,… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

a conversational class or immersion into an Arabic society. Finally, germane cognitive load is a more abstract concept related to memory and refers to how individuals construct schemas that can be used to structure the information to aid in the recall process. All three of these types of cognitive load are instrumental in understanding the interaction between effort and recall, and it is predicted that there will also tend to be individual differences in recall. Aim The aim of this research is to determine what type of effort proves most effective on the learner’s ability to memorize 25 different… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Management Codes

The Purpose of E/M Codes E/M codes are generic and are intended for use by all medical practitioners including nurse-practitioners, physicians and physician assistants. They can be used in both specialty care and primary care. All E/M codes can be used for reporting services. The decision on which E/M code to use is informed by which code describes most accurately the service the patient is to receive. The flexibility of E/M codes allows for easy and flexible reporting when service provided has more medical content or when more of coordination and counseling of care is given than psychotherapy (Codes and… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

the depth of human emotion using a universal visual language that involves a combination of abstract forms and colors.  An example of such artwork is Composition VII in 1913, which communicated deeper human emotions and themes (The Art Story par, 5).  The other way with which visual arts expresses or exploits the various aspects of the human condition is symbolism, which involves suggesting ideas using symbols.  Artworks that are developed based on symbolism emphasize human emotions, subjectivity, feelings and ideas instead of realism.  An example of such an art is Death and the Masks of 1987, which was created… Continue Reading...

Kuwaiti Public and Private Sector Job Market

Migrant Workers Distorts Labor Market. Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/business/2013/09/kuwait-labor-market-reliance-foreign-workers.html Central Statistics Bureau. (2013). Annual Statistical abstract. Retrieved from State of Kuwait website: https://www.csb.gov.kw/Socan_Statistic_EN.aspx?ID=18 De Bel-Air, F. (2013). The Demographic and Economic Framework of Migration in Kuwait. Retrieved February 16, 2017, from http://gulfmigration.eu/demographic-economic-framework-kuwait/?print=pdf Salvini, A. (2014, December 19). The Kuwaiti Labor Market and Foreign Workers: Understanding the Past and Present to Provide a Way Forward. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---arabstates/- -- ro-beirut/documents/meetingdocument/wcms_330314.pdf Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan for Gustav Klimt Art Class

Gustav Klimt method of developing works that include a construction of abstract technique, arrangement compositional elements that include color and line and repetition, directionality and juxtaposition in order to create motion, interaction, transfer and balance the knowledge to the art making. Moreover, students will learn different techniques in painting that include dry brush application, color mixing to create visual presentation and representation of the community. Students will also learn the method of relating art to the context using social, personal, historical and cultural perspectives. The lesson plan will provide opportunities for students to choose from methods, content and styles.… Continue Reading...

Human Development

to think in abstraction. They progress from concrete thinking to abstract thinking. Thus, adolescents can think of spiritual matters and even love. They can take part on advanced math too. The young people who become stagnated at the concrete thinking stage only focus on real objects or things that are present physically while confronted with situations that require problem solving. On the other hand, the adolescents who are able to transition successfully from concrete thinking to abstract thinking may experience a personal fable. The fable is inspired by thoughts of an imaginary audience; which are normally the peers, who… Continue Reading...

Research Literature

.....contemporary, there is a great deal of dynamism and competition, and therefore it is fundamental for organizations to produce newfangled ideas of high quality to develop or sustain their competitive edge. Customarily, an approach of generating ideas has been verbal brainstorming, which encompasses a practice where groups of individuals, commonly in the similar space, work in tandem to form and interchange notions (Stevens et al., 2009). The design of the user interface of a system is vital and fundamental to the success of the software. The presentation and unveiling of concepts through an information system interface can play a significant… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

white and so forth. However, there are other things that are a bit more abstract and nebulous. Beyond that, there are concepts that are subject to disagreement and rancor when they are discussed. Certain pieces of art and the value (or lack thereof) is a good example. Another example is the definition of value and meaning in one's life. Socrates was quite famous for his treatises on the subject and Robert Nozick certainly took up that mantle during his time. While Mr. Nozick certainly added a great perspective and prism to the value and meaning paradigm, to suggest that… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Collapse Of the Roman Empire

Tainter's social complexity theory entails differentiated economic and social roles and reliance on abstract, symbolic communications as well class producers who do not participate in the production of primary resources. This social complexity needs significant amounts of energy or other forms of wealth. When the Roman Empire confronted problems like the shortage of energy, it created new layers of social class, infrastructure, and bureaucracy to deal with the challenge (Tainter 128). With Tainter's theory in mind, it is clear that the Roman Empire came down because these increasing complexities led to the negative marginal returns (Tainter 188). As such,… Continue Reading...

Advancements in Connectionism

of the obsticles that the theory has so far embraced, it talks about its key challenge, learning abstract structural representations, and how there are many gaps that need to be filled before this model could explain complex intelligence. Dalege, J., van den Berg, H., Borsboom, D., Conner, M., & van der Mas, H. (2016). Toward a Formalized Account of Attitudes: The Causal Attitude Network (CAN) Model. Psychological Review, 2-21. This article evaluates the possibility of the CAN model to explain the reactions that people have to events, as well as the interactions between these interactions. For example, when a… Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan

aids and the video, students will be better placed to connect abstract ideas with real-world ideas, hence developing a better understanding of the topic of recycling. The notion of differentiated instruction simply denotes instruction that accommodates the diverse needs of learners (Bailey & Williams-Black, 2008). In other words, the teacher differentiates or uses different methods of instruction in the same classroom. A typical classroom features students with diverse backgrounds and learning abilities. For instance, one classroom may have students with different cultural backgrounds, different levels of English competence, different learning profiles, different attitudes towards learning, different personalities, different levels… Continue Reading...

Cultural Aspects Of Being Deaf

ASL). The facets of deaf culture are numerous. Some are basic and abstract while others are more tangible and real. Those aspects of deaf culture including language, speech, socializing, literature, norms and rules for behavior, and so forth. The rules for behavior in particular is very precise and specific because every little part of communication is focused on and part of what people pay so much attention to. There are rules and guidelines when it comes to the use of eyes, facial expressions, introductions, labels and so forth. The cultural items seen in literature and movies are also important to… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

learning. Retrieved online: http://latitud-nodosur.org/IMG/pdf/Neuroscience_Bases_of_Learning.pdf Vanderwal, T. et al. (2008). Self, mother and abstract other: An fMRI study of reflective social processing. Neuroimage 41(4): 1437-1446. Wiley, J. & Dee, B.D. (2011). Cognition: Overview and recent trends. In Aukrust, V.G. (Ed.) Learning and Cognition in Education. Elsevier. Week 2 1. In "Situative view of learning," Collins & Greeno (2010) refer to "legitimate peripheral participation," a phrase that connotes a complete student immersion in the learning experience via accessing resources outside of the immediate learning environment. The peripheral items could be external to the classroom, for example. Collins & Greeno (2010) also mention… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

language is fascinating because it is more linked with abstract cognitive processing and the theoretical perspectives used in cognitive science. Language acquisition is an important area for scholars and educators to understand when developing learning opportunities. My own academic success is owed in large part to my strength in language, because learning is heavily dependent on language. We live in a highly verbal society, making people who are less verbally oriented at a disadvantage. I do believe I could improve my communication and language skills. References Edwards, S. (n.d.). Reading and the brain. Harvard Medical School. Retrieved online: http://neuro.hms.harvard.edu/harvard-mahoney-neuroscience-institute/brain-newsletter/and-brain-series/reading-and-brain… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

that it is imperative to differentiate ideas, which are abstract in nature, from impression, which are mental replications, from human senses. Therefore, Hume insists that all ideas can be linked back to impressions and consequently, they originate from experience (Meyers, 2014). In general, Locke, Berkeley and Hume promoted experience as the source of knowledge, not pure reason. Locke proposed innate ideas, primary and secondary qualities, simple and complex ideas, along with revolution and natural rights. Berkeley, on the other hand, believed in idealism of not using materials as objects, God and Evil, and arguments against material objects. Hume believed… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

55. Of these 55, 37 were excluded based on title or abstract, reducing the number to 18. Of the remaining, 6 were excluded based on full text examination. The remaining 12 articles were considered applicable and relevant to the purposes of the review based on content. Figure 1. Literature review search process for articles 2013 and later. To add to this pool of literature and to gain contextual information that could be used to give a more historical picture, a revised search was conducted for articles dated 2000 and later, using the same search parameters as described above. The… Continue Reading...

Julie's Psychological Assessment Report

scores in these areas are above average showing that she demonstrates excellent abstract thinking capabilities. Moreover, Julie demonstrates a good strength in recalling information as well as demonstrating good ability to identify similarities between words as well as completing many complex visual patterns. Attention Concentration Julie assessment in the attention concentration reveals that she has characteristics of attention deficit order. It is believed that genetic factor may be responsible for the attention concentration disorder. Essentially, attention concentration is very critical for students' success. A student suffering from attention concentration deficit may face challenges to studying at school. Even, when… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams: the New Way to Work

the reference doesn't apply here. Still, in accordance with the guidelines for composing narrative study abstracts, the abstract must explain that what follows is an analysis. It ought to present specific facts that aid readers in evaluating its applicability and validity. The abstract ought to follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) (Oermann, 2014). Did the author mention the problem addressed within the study? No. There is no explicit mention of the study problem. Rather, the authors have simply hinted at the issue by dealing with the broader, generic problems associated with virtual working. They… Continue Reading...

Admissions Essay for Family Nurse Practitioner

are unable to focus on patient-centric care and are instead concerned with meeting the more abstract goals of their supervisors. Providing interactive, compassionate, and evidence-based care is the goal of family nursing. Finally, I hope to continually advocate on behalf of my patients. Patient advocacy is something I care deeply about as a nurse. I have recognized more and more the need for effective patient advocacy, especially for disenfranchised or disadvantaged patient populations and communities. Nurses frequently feel disempowered in larger healthcare institutions with organizational cultures that discourage active advocacy. A family nursing practitioner can help to change the… Continue Reading...

Group Dynamics and Teams

enhanced my teamwork and communication abilities. I would love to be in such a team in the future. abstract Conceptualization Broadly speaking, groups are formed to work together to achieve a specified objective. For instance, a soccer team has eleven members, all working together to score against a competing team and to prevent the competing team from scoring. With a team, a seemingly complex task becomes easier as two or more individuals direct their effort towards solving the task as a team. At the workplace, teams are crucial drivers of productivity and performance (Bateman, Snell & Konopaske, 2016). Teams are… Continue Reading...

Why Music Matters and the History Of Slavery

a role in social settings. Therefore, music is more than just an abstract sonic art form. Music can serve symbolic roles, as in national anthems. Likewise, music can be used as a personal tool as when people wear headphones on the subway to create a sense of personal space and isolation. Music is also a social event, as when friends get together to form a band or when friends go out dancing to a club. It is almost impossible to imagine social settings without any music. As an art form, music also allows for personal and cultural expression. In… Continue Reading...

Kolb’s Model Of Adult Learning

stage -- draws from theories and concepts to gain a deeper understanding of the experience ( abstract conceptualization). In the fourth stage, the learner uses the experience as a basis for responding to similar occurrences in future. In this paper, I describe an experience I extremely felt motivated. I then analyze the experience based on Kolb's model. Concrete Experience At my place of work, the department I work in recently got a new manager. The new manager was recruited after his predecessor retired following two decades of service to the organization. The previous manager had over the years risen through… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

leadership is focused not on success through adherence to the abstract notion of Goodness but rather on success through the tangible notion of results. Trait Theory correlates with the Great Man thesis -- namely that leaders have certainly qualities or traits that non-leaders do not have. Whether leaders are born with these traits or acquire them over time is something that researchers have attempted to study for a number of years -- particularly in the area of adolescence and leadership (Morton, Montgomery, 2013; Larson, Tran, 2014; Marshall, Parker, Ciarrochi, Heaven, 2014). In terms of classical leadership, trait theory deviates… Continue Reading...

Best Practices in Supply Chains

the loan, underwriters, etc. C) The goods of service supply chains are more abstract whereas they are more physical and tangible with product supply chains Shipping. It used to be just cars and trucks but now they use bigger trucks and planes A vertical company would have a singular supply chain system. A horizontal one would probably have a supply chain system for each smaller company, or they would go outside the company. Absolutely. They would tend to have their own system and it needs to be fluid and work well 6) Lack of metal for the cans, a bad… Continue Reading...

Proposal Review

should not contain the words running head (Angeli et al., 2010). Both proposals lack an abstract and the headings have been suitably done. The references have been done suitably, with the first line hanging at 0.5 and in alphabetical order. While in E1 intext citation seems to be done appropriately, various mistakes have been picked up in G1, for example, this intext citation "Foster, Golden, Duncan, & Earhart, 2013" is wrongly done. Given the authors are more than three, the citation should be Foster et al. 2010. Specific Aims For both proposals, specific aims have not been sufficiently and… Continue Reading...

Facilitating Airport Development Today

be located all across the airport with openings to every terminal. Table of Contents abstract 1 1. Introduction 3 1.1. Characterization of the Proposed Airport 3 1.2. Rational of the project and the need for a new airport 3 1.3. Description of the airport 3 2. The Aerial Aspect 3 2.1. Runways 3 3. The Grounds -- Passenger Terminals and Supplementary Functions 5 4. Weather conditions 6 5. Circulation 7 5.1. Horizontal circulation patterns 7 5.2. Vertical circulation patterns 7 6. Transportation Aspects 8 7. Summary 9 8. References 9 1. Introduction These are the plans for a new airfield which… Continue Reading...

Solid Waste Management

or economic factors which are crucial in the development of the mechanism (Thyberg & Tonjes, 2015). e) Tentative chapter outline • abstract • Introduction • Theoretical Framework • Literature Review • Methodology • Data Presentation • Discussion • Recommendations • Conclusion Bibliography American Public Works Association (APWA) Report. (2008). Available online: http://www.apwa.net/ Resources/Reporter/Articles/2008/3/ISO-14001-Environmental-Management-Systems-a-snapshot-of-the-experience-of-solid-waste-organizations Bartone, C.R. (1995). The role of the private sector in developing countries: Keys to success. Paper presented at ISWA Conference on Waste Management - Role of the Private Sector, Singapore, 24-25 September 1995. Girly, A. (2015). SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: A PROPOSED BLUEPRINT TOWARDS GOVERNMENT ACTION. European Scientific… Continue Reading...

How Public Perception Shape the Performance Of the Fire Department

abstract Emergency personnel occupying the fire and emergency services make day-to-day decisions and their behavior contributes to the constant evolving of public perceptions. The negative perception of the public due to their scrutiny of fire and emergency operations, budgets, and behavior has slowly tarnished the image of these departments. Therefore, measures should be undertaken in saving the image of the fire and emergency services field through talking openly, reflecting on honesty, working collaboratively, taking responsibility for upcoming issues and acting professionally. The following study… Continue Reading...

Company Progressive Discipline Policy

abstract This paper provides a comprehensive progressive discipline policy that will be utilized in managing employee behavior in the workplace. This policy is developed on the premise that managing employee conduct is crucial towards enhancing workplace productivity and organizational success. The policy includes an overview of purpose and procedures that will be undertaken for corrective/disciplinary action by the human resource department. It also includes a brief description of the appeal process and issues that are not subject to the organization’s progressive discipline framework. The policy provides explanations… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

level. Grand theories provide a conceptual framework that emphasizes broad perspectives on practice, but these are abstract and difficult to test. Middle-range theories are the bridge between grand theories and practice theories (Moyle, Rickard, Chambers, & Chaboyer, 2015, p. 252). These levels not only make for greater examination and exploration of nursing topics, but continued evolution of nursing itself. Theory-based and evidence-based practice have a common goalmouth of making the correct choice and creating the most effective answer for an issue. The two, though have some core philosophical differences. The difference among evidence-based practice and theory-based practice can be… Continue Reading...

General James Mattis Leadership

abstract General James Mattis is one of the prominent military leaders and highly successful in his 40 years of service. This paper examines how General Mattis’ utilized strategies, styles, behaviors, and qualities that are comparable to those of past Maverick leaders. The analysis also demonstrates how General James Mattis adapted these strategies, styles, behaviors, and qualities to work in the contemporary operating environment. As part of this analysis, a discussion of the moral and ethical compass of General James Mattis is also… Continue Reading...

Coping with Emotional Challenges Among Salespersons

abstract Salespersons encounter some of the most stressful events in their daily endeavors to make sales as they handle people with widely varying emotional intelligence. This makes them have emotional challenges that is not dealt with can grow to worse conditions. This research will look at the most effective way of the salesperson participating in the handling of the emotional challenge they get themselves in. there will be a conceptual framework drafted that will help in understanding the concept of expressive suppression as a way of… Continue Reading...

An Effective Strategy in Dealing with People with Mental Disorders

directors and educators. It is based on in- depth scientific, practical and abstract research. Learners imbibe skills that facilitate the application of acquired information to their individual professional interests. GCU’s DNA artifact provides an interconnected method in diverse doctoral journey stages, facilitating the development of an all- inclusive program approach. By collaborating with the DNA system and educators, I will be able to enjoy a meaningful, swift journey that holds regard for theory and practice within any given domain. The institution has cultivated a rich community in which stakeholders, students and educators strive constantly towards improving and excelling. In… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

abstract In the wake of numerous public complaints as well as allegations within the last two years that point towards excessive use of force by police officers in the apprehension of suspects within the city, there is need to develop a brief that explores the various measures that could be adopted in seeking to enhance our officers’ relations with the community while at the same time attempting to minimize instances of unnecessary aggression and use of force. In essence, in seeking to… Continue Reading...

Assessments Of Personality Types and Careers

clarity and clear lines of authority. Also, I like working with data and details, not theory or abstract issues. I prefer concrete evidence. I also prefer having a set routine in my daily life. My interest in enterprising suggests that I do like to take initiative, and have strong leadership potential. Finally, an interest in investigations means that I do like thinking critically and solving problems with the data that I have researched, which is why I selected the three careers that I did. Top three values for me include independence, support, and achievement. Although I do not mind… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

was conducted to evaluate the impact of leadership and follower attributes on follower self-leadership.  The abstract provides a clear summary of the study in terms of its purpose, research methodology, findings, implications and limitations of the study, practical implications, and originality/value of the study.  As shown in the abstract, the purpose of the study was to assess the effect of leadership and follower attributes and follower self-leadership.  The researchers found that the impact of leadership on follower self-leadership was dependent on follower need for autonomy. As part of conducting the study, these researchers introduce several concept beginning with the… Continue Reading...

Parents Sexuality and the Psychoanalysis or Psychodynamic

theory of psychosocial development may prove true, it is too abstract of a theory. A major problem overall is that Freud’s theory is by no means universal. There is too much diversity in the human experience, and too many reasons why people develop sexual dysfunctions or any other problematic behavior. 2. From a modern day vantage point, the psychodynamic approach is only partly true. Of course the mother has a tremendous impact on the development of the child. Yet many children grow up without mothers and thrive, and many have distant or even abusive mothers and also learn to… Continue Reading...

Factors Affecting Employee Retention in an Organization

abstract This paper discusses why the organization is unable to retain its employees given that it is experiencing high cases of absenteeism, wok-related stress, and a worrying trend of employee turnover. The evaluation is conducted on the premise that employee retention is a crucial component of organizational success and has significant implications for personnel and human resource management as well as organizational behavior. A descriptive research design was utilized to conduct this study through a Likert scale survey instrument comprising of seventeen questions. The survey was administered to… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

abstract Music may be counted among the strongest neurobiological tools at hand for altering individual moods, conduct and attitudes. What effect does it have on us in relation to the promotion of hatred and violent behavior? In what way does it shape people’s explanatory approach and minds? An inherent relationship has been found between mood and music. Scholars constantly attempt at objectively explaining the occurrence of such influences. Research works demonstrate that music engages, within the listener, a broad array of psychology-influencing neurobiological systems (Bergland, 2012). … Continue Reading...

Best Practices Involved in Changing the Accounting Information System Ais

abstract This particular report is an evaluation on AIS through case analysis and presentation involving AIS failure, possible alternatives the firm may have had and just how the management should have strategized to avert the failure. In the end, the paper reveals best practices for migration from another system to AIS. To change the Accounting Information System (AIS) best practices Accounting info systems (AIS) has transformed business processes on a worldwide scale. When financial data is entered into the AIS, financial statements and reports are created at several… Continue Reading...

The U.s Economy and Health Care

abstract Growing health care expenditure contributes greatly to the American government’s financial wellbeing. Citizen burden when it comes to funding these expenses, in the form of growing taxes and increased long-term loans, constitutes the chief effect of this upsurge in governmental health expenses. Dealing with this issue necessitates active participation of every healthcare worker in process map creation and estimation of resource expenses surrounding patient treatment throughout the care cycle. Suggestions for curbing growing healthcare expenses include avoiding preventable ailments and bringing about healthcare value improvements… Continue Reading...

Is Nursing Theory Important to Profession

also informs how nurses view themselves, their colleagues, and their role in healthcare. Nursing theory might seem like an abstract issue, but throughout the history of the profession, nurses have consistently demonstrated the importance of clarifying their theoretical perspectives and nursing philosophies. Nursing theory is important to the nursing profession because theory undergirds practice. Research shows how important nursing theory is for nurse education. One Finnish study shows that an empathic and caring nursing theory promotes a constructive learning environment that promotes optimal professional development (Mikkonen, Kyngas & Kääriäinen, 2015). Because nurse education programs are where all professionals receive… Continue Reading...

The Causes Of Fake News and How to Prevent It

Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society. A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information. 1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like Facebook increases the likelihood that a person will believe the fake news story, with the effects lasting as long as a week (Pennycook, Cannon, & Rand, 2017). 2. Evidence: The prior exposure phenomenon is a type of… Continue Reading...

Deepak Chopra Book Path Of Love

oneself, and discover and rekindle one’s own inner truth. As abstract as these concepts may seem, they do make sense and can invoke a cognitive change in the reader. Chopra’s goal in writing The Path to Love is not to offer instruction on how to be a better lover or even how to love oneself more fully, but mainly to show how to live a better life and a life more filled with love on every level. Chopra also introduces the core concepts of the book and shares some of the Vedic and other ancient tenets that provide the… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Educational Leadership

abstract The purpose of leadership is to assist followers in overcoming obstacles to their goals. Leaders help to inspire, communicate, support and develop followers so that they can eventually work independently at a level of self-actualization. Servant leadership is a method of leadership that can best be applied in educational leadership as it places the needs of stakeholders above one’s own. The servant leader recognizes what individuals need to overcome challenges and assists them through encouragement and guidance. The servant… Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

contrasted against behaviorism. Particularly intriguing are the philosophical and abstract distinctions between the two, as they deal with explanatory practices. Further, behaviorism is studied from a cognitive psychological perspective, with the latter studied from the radical behaviorism perspective put forward by Skinner. Basically, the work records the effects of the diverse means of incorporation of internal data by radical behaviorism and cognitive psychology within their respective behavioral descriptions (Moore, 2013). References Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2008). Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life's domains Canadian Psychology, 49(1), 14-23. Gatchel, R. J., & Rollings, K. H. (2008).… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

pathways like prenatal diet, fetal metabolic programing, postnatal development, breast-feeding, infancy/toddlerhood behavior and adiposity rebound. The life-course theory’s abstract foundation stresses illness and health’s developmental origins, concentrating especially on long-run health impacts of fetal and babyhood exposures (Hu, 2008). Of late, one can witness the alarming issue of the childhood obesity pandemic. It is alarming due to the fact that it has short- as well as long- run negative impacts. Risk factor determination forms the main solution to preventing it. While scant literature on childhood obesity risk factors can be found, experts are becoming increasingly aware of the significance… Continue Reading...

Conducting an Interview with Education Stakeholder

abstract This paper provides two summaries of interviews conducted with a school principal and a parent of a student attending the school. The interviews were designed to obtain data on how the two interviewees viewed their respective interests and needs. The principal saw the school’s interests and needs as focusing on diversity, ethnicity and community support. The parent saw the needs of the students and parents as being underrepresented in the school. The parent wished the school would invite more community leaders into the school… Continue Reading...

Treating Adhd and Odd in Children

abstract Attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are commonly linked mental health disorders that children exhibit. This paper examines some of the challenges that both children and parents face as a result of living with these disorders. It suggests some positive approaches to parenting that parents may find useful and offers recommendations in terms of how parents can most positively help a child with ADHD or ODD. The most important conclusion that this paper provides is the notion that parents… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

abstract Eating disorders are the number one cause of mortality among mental disorders. A significant portion of women in America suffer from eating disorders. This paper describes these disorders and identifies common, practical and theoretical approaches to eating disorders that are used by counselors, therapists and care givers to help women overcome their struggles. It discusses some of the causes of these disorders. Finally, it identifies the how the Christian perspective and faith-based interventions can be used to help women obtain a better, healthier, more positive,… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

OJ Simpson Versus the People: Impact on Criminal justice The American criminal justice process and system are responsible for shaping the present-day US laws; influential entities include even 19th-century governmental authorities and political leaders. The system, which comprises law enforcement bodies like local police forces, correctional facilities and criminal courts, was primarily created for ensuring American citizens’ safety. It constitutes a structural framework that facilitates the maintenance of law and order in American society (Zedner & Ashworth, 2012; "Justice, Western Theories", 2018; Baldwin, 1912).  According to Mueller (1996), the structuring of the US criminal justice system has gone through several… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

abstract This paper examines the death penalty as a deterrent and argues that states have not only the right but the duty to apply the death penalty to criminal cases because it is incumbent upon states to back the law with force. The death penalty acts as a forceful and compelling consequence for those who should choose to violate the law and commit murder. For that reason it can be said to be a deterrent. This paper also examines the opposing arguments and shows… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

abstract Children who are victims of domestic violence situations often experience trauma and need help to cope with the lives and the negative experiences they feel. They will turn to abusing drugs and alcohol or engage in risky sexual activity in order to try to escape their trauma. In some cases, they lash out at their environment in response to the strain they are feeling. This can lead them to a life of crime and eventually to time served in prison. Understanding these issues and learning ways to help… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

the structure of wages: theory and evidence from Britain. Journal of the European economic association, 10(1), 120-151, [Online]. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1542-4774.2011.01049.x/ abstract (Accessed: 30/08/16). Reed, H. (2009). The Economic Impact of Migration on the UK Labour Market. Available at: http:///www.ippr.org/publications/the-economic-impacts-of-migration-on-the-uk-labour-market (Accessed: 30/08/16). Sriskandarajah, D., Cooley, L., & Reed, H. (2005). Paying their way: The fiscal contribution of immigrants in the UK.  London: Institute for Public Policy Research. Available at: http:///www.ippr.org/publications/paying-their-way-the-fiscal-contribution-of-immigrants-in-the-uk (Accessed: 30/08/16). Wadsworth, J. (2014). Immigration, the European Union and the UK labour market. CEPPA015. London. Centre of Economic Performance. Available at: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/57984/ (Accessed 30/08/16). Continue Reading...

Curriculum Plan and Integrated Unit

1 · Reading Standards for Informational Text K-5 (7). Objectives 1. Learning abstract math ideas. 1. Development of oral communication skills. 2. Improving overall language skills. 1. Development of written communication skills. 2. Improving overall language skills. 3. Bridging language and visual representations of mathematical concepts. Procedures and Activities 1. Students will watch a video of a visual representation of a rectangular prism. 2. Each student will be provided with 12 cubes and required to create a rectangular prism. 1. Students will be divided in small groups. 2. They will share their thoughts on how they created the rectangular prism 1. Students… Continue Reading...

Meaningful Usage Of Health Information Technology Hit

abstract Meaningful use constitutes a key health information technology project driver as it impacts all players in the health care sector. By 2016, 95% of hospitals has demonstrated meaningful use of HIT through the CMS HER programs. Meaningful use achievement has appreciable effects on extent and long-run health information workflows. HIT acceptance and implementation necessitates substantial state support, robust federal support, and an alliance between state governors, Medicaid officers, and state CIOs (chief information officers) joining hands across and within borders for ensuring state-developed governing regulations and technological infrastructures… Continue Reading...

How the Internet Has Changed Society

abstract In the span of just twenty years, the Internet has radically transformed society. The Internet has changed the ways people interact with technology and with each other. The Internet has democratized information, while also revealing some inequities of access. Likewise, the Internet has given rise to the potential for global democratization. At the same time, the Internet has radically transformed the business and marketing landscape. The Internet enables the formation of online communities and new identities, in keeping with trends towards population migration and geographic independence. Finally, the Internet… Continue Reading...

Virtual Team Theories and Research

like this. Krumm offers examples of his own, albeit in ways that are more abstract and generalized. The lesser amount of specificity with Krumm, however, is more than made up for in terms of the statistical analysis and presentation of data that is prevalent through his work. Both works are obviously focused on current research and they both use a great amount of resources and references to explain the current paradigm and offer their own theories and ideas about the subject of traits and such in the virtual team realm. As noted before, the Krumm article is superior when… Continue Reading...

Lack Of Oxygen in Space

abstract The human body reacts in direct and indirect ways when it is bombarded with or deprived of certain things. Space is a good example of somewhere where both of those things can happen concurrently. Indeed, the radiation that is prevalent throughout space is one example. However, the general lack of oxygen is perhaps a bigger issue. Oxygen is one of the core parts of the water molecule. It is also a primary component of the air that humans breathe, along… Continue Reading...

Theology Of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish

the divine power of communion. The fear that communion ecclesiology could be too idealistic is also abstract and unfounded. After all, the church as always been an idealistic organization. It is a mysterious organization, one that functions on the spiritual as well as historical and physical domains. Its objectives are utopian and idealistic at the core, while also recognizing the need for practical and pragmatic solutions to immediate problems. If communion ecclesiology implies idealism, then that idealism does need to be married with pragmatism on the levels of church planning and community organization. Resolving potential conflicts between the universal and… Continue Reading...

The Zika Virus Threat to the United States

abstract Zika, that was identified accidentally in Uganda in 1947 in the midst of insect and primate monitoring, had so far stayed as a hidden virus limited to a slim equatorial belt functioning along Africa and running into Parts of Asia. Not much is known with regards to ZIKV’s release in the US. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the virus originated with the French Polynesian ZIKV force came into Brazil around May and Dec of 2013. The unparalleled dimension and impact from the ZIKV pandemic within the Americas could be… Continue Reading...

Research Design in Psychology

terms, and shows how each variable is measured. In this way, concepts that are otherwise abstract like intelligence can be operationalized. Intelligence needs to be operationalized because the researcher needs to show what specific type of intelligence is being measured, and how. An operational definition is “the particular method that we use to measure a variable of interest,” beyond the theoretical definitions that can be applied later (“Conducting Research in Social Psychology,” n.d., p. 1). Whereas the theoretical definitions of intelligence can be broad, like “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge,” operational definitions are narrower in scope because they need… Continue Reading...

Motivation and Morale Police Administration

abstract The current study aims to examine the effect of the lack of supervision and detachment between administration and low-level supervisors and beat officers and how this leads to low morale and motivation. Imperatively, low level of morale and motivation results in low productivity, which might give rise to absenteeism and poor watch, adversely affecting the society through increased level of crime. A questionnaire will be designed to achieve the purpose of this research study and will be distributed to selected… Continue Reading...