Aggression Essays


Walmarts International Business

high number of companies in the retail market, extensive range of retail companies and high aggression of the retail companies, the threat of competitors is high. Therefore, Walmart has to constantly continue being aggressive to rival these firms. Whereas at the present moment it is the leader in its industry, the company has to sustain its international growth pace to continue holding this position (Greenspan, 2016). Threat of Substitution -- Medium Walmart and other retailers in the environment face a medium threat of substitution. To begin with, there is a substantial availability of substitute goods and commodities. There are… Continue Reading...

Guns in the Workplace

personnel training, tighter security, and educating people on how to identify signs of aggression among coworkers. This will, perhaps, be a matter of additional bother in an already hectic and busy work atmosphere. Corporations have to take into account the fact that they might be liable to weapons-related workplace incidents, under: 1. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Act) 1. Tort laws; e.g., third-party victims' neglectful hiring claims 1. State employee compensation legislation Ultimately, the company must be free to choose as well as ascertain their degree of reasonableness. References Noguchi, Y. (2014). NPR: National Public Radio: News & Analysis,… Continue Reading...

Children Of Divorce and How They Can Be Helped

D., Schoeny, M. (2011). Parents as moderators of the impact of school norms and peer influences on aggression in middle school students. Child Development, 82(1): 146-161. Harpaz, R. (2014). Narrative Knowing: Narrative and storytelling resources in art therapy. Narrative Matters 2014: Narrative Knowing/Recit et Savoir, Paris, France. Hetherington, E., Cox, M., Cox, R. (1985). Long-term effects of divorce and remarriage on the adjustment of children. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24(5): 518-530. Joshi, H., Connelly, R., Rosenberg, R. (2014). Family Structure and Stability. In: Millennium Cohort Study Initial Findings from the Age 11 Survey. London: Centre… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

that a series of micro-aggressions can at times be as serious as blatant actions of aggression. The affected individual feels excluded and makes it a lot harder for them to commit fully to the organization and affects their performance in a huge way. Jack should address this concern and the emergent larger issues (Jeffrey C. Connor, 2000). Application Theory 1. Relative Deprivation Theory Relative deprivation theory is used in explaining how social dictates and norms moderate the extent of the effect of perceived racial discrimination on variables of outcomes. Discrimination should therefore be examined in the context it occurs… Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

teacher view Lennox as an insecure, "lost" boy, with pervasive chaos in his domestic life. He displayed aggression towards fellow students, got into fights frequently, behaved "clingy" and "needy" with adults, and was frequently detained because of his behavior. Despite being a brainy and smart child, Lennox was so busy at home caring for his many siblings that he found no time to look into schoolwork, was impulsive, and lacked concentration. His annual exam scores were below average. Lastly, Lennox faced the added difficulty of having to catch two buses by himself and travel an hour before he could… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

1. Black/White binary been central to the discussion of race? Black/White binary been has been central to the discussion of race because of Perceived racial discrimination (PRD). This is even more so with Black women. Precisely, there has been a decline in obvious racial discriminatory conduct (segregation, rights to vote) and quick rise in subtle racial discriminatory behavior. At the center of these issues for Black women is a struggle over nationality, power, and control that rotates around not just, but gender. Black/White binary has been central to the discussion of race because indirect racial discrimination has likewise been theorized… Continue Reading...

Feminism in the Hunting Trip on Parks and Recreation

been correlated with certain types of behaviors such as aggression and competitiveness. As a result, many people have used the biological perspective to explain why the different gender norms have developed and researchers have tried to find evidence for such a correlation in the amount of testosterone in men and the rates of criminal behavior in prison populations that have committed violent crimes believed to be at least partly fueled by hormone levels (Wright, Tibbetts and Daigle). This perception seems to be evident in the criminal justice system as many assume women are less prone to crimes, such as… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Personality Traits

Zahra and Covin (1995), the confluence of risk taking, innovation, and aggression (which is a synonym for assertion if surely one ever existed) are useful for determining financially viable opportunities for both products and markets (43). Perhaps the more interesting personality traits that pertain to the success of assertiveness for entrepreneurs in terms of achieving positive performance outcomes are those that actually involve emotion. It is difficult to separate personality from emotion, as the former influences the latter and the latter influences the former. What is most fascinating about the relationship between emotion and personality traits in the context… Continue Reading...

Case Summary Analysis

have hurt his ego. According to psychologists, people with low self-esteem tend to have pathological traits and aggression. The psychologists have not considered extremely high self-esteem into consideration towards same effects until recently. People with narcissistic traits think very highly of themselves and believe that they do not have to act like other people do. This issue comes up when children are given either too much or too little emotional help. According to Dr. M. Kelly Oswald's mother doted on him and ignored his transgressions, instead of disciplining him. Oswald's therapist concluded that he suffered from "personality pattern disruption, passive-aggressive… Continue Reading...

Human Sexuality Issues and Films

Sexual intercourse is not shown in these films, but sex, power, and aggression are all entwined in the Kill Bill movies. The costumes the women wear are revealing and sexy, because they know how to use their sexuality to have power over men and not allow men to have power over them. Although no one would call the Kill Bill movies specifically about sex, sex plays a major role as the lead character seeks revenge on her former lover. What makes these films interesting is the way women are just as aggressive, if not more so, than men. Similarly,… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried by Tim O’brien

Carried," O'Brien's work is distinct. Another author, Heberle, who wrote "A Trauma Artist," based his work on how aggression has impacted on American politics, society and culture. Similarly, O'Brien's work also focuses on the distressing experiences endured by the American soldiers. "The Things They Carried" is popularly seen as one of the best written books on American life after the sufferings of the war (M. Heberle). However, what exactly makes the Vietnam War distinct compared to other wars which America fought in? What brought about an American victory in the Vietnam War? Was the enemy not as equipped and… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

jizya (poll tax) as tribute, which gave them the right to Islam protection from external aggression. They were also exempted from armed service. They were therefore known as the dhimmi ("protected ones"). They paid lower taxes and had higher local autonomy. In addition, their fellow Semites were their rulers; and the indigenous Christians and Jews had greater religious independence. Most Christian churches, like the Jacobites, Nestorians, Copts, and Monophysites were ill-treated as schismatics and heretics by orthodox Christians. Hence, some Christian and Jewish communities helped the invading forces, viewing them to be less cruel than their regal rulers (Esposito… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

New York, Kansas City and Boston, which have witnessed appreciable recent youth aggression and murder rate reductions. But, at present, the one limitation linked to federal financing is, it doesn't inform people of the reasons underlying specific innovations' success, doesn't describe the innovations, and doesn't tell how such innovations may be effectively applied to other cities. To sum up, the existing statutory plan forbids the Department of Justice from offering people effective guidance regarding how crime can be successfully averted (Sherman, Gottfredson, & Mackenzie). Governance Mechanisms Murder Inc. mafia family like many current mafia families employed four mechanisms for… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

drives that were noted include self-preservation and eros (the life enhancing drives) and death instinct, aggression and sadism (self-destructive instincts referred to as Thanatos). Fred acknowledged that these were the initial ideas. Freud's forth aspect according to his theory was his approach to human personality development account. He emphasized on the importance of childhood because it is a key factor that determines the child's future development. According to him, it is important to remain nice to your children because it was critical to understanding their behavior when they become adults. Childhood facets determine how the adult behaved. He singled… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

and Hirschi's (1990) A General Theory of Crime and psychological explanations of aggression. Western Criminology Review 6(1): 12-21. Boothby, J.L. & Clements, C.B. (2000). A national survey of correctional psychologists. Criminal Justice and Behavior 27(6): 716-732. Entorf, H. (2013). Criminal victims, victimized criminals, or both? Retrieved online: http://ftp.iza.org/dp7686.pdf Magaletta, P.R., et al. (2016). Correctional settings. APA handbook of clinical psychology: Roots and branches, Vol. 1, (pp. 539-549). Washington, DC, U.S.: American Psychological Association, xxviii, 572 pp. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/14772-031 Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

The violent tendencies, which he could only commit if he was drunk- do not qualify as instrumental aggression, just like anti-social people would do to control or intimidate. On the contrary, his violence was a desperate move to prevent him from being abandoned. His identity disturbance, which is a possible BPD aspect, included his denial and inability to embrace his sexuality. Sleeping with dead people was probably also a way of denying his homosexual nature. Just as he put the blame on the children he assaulted, he expressed hatred on the adults he attacked; instead of self-hate. This is… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

few examples include relationship anxiety, identity distress, bullying, peer aggression and the increasing shallowness of communications. The point is that technology can do great things when harnessed and used well. However, there are also some very bad patterns that emerge when technology is used in the wrong way (Cyr, Berman & Smith, 2015). One lucrative way to keep tabs on teen development and what they glom onto would be the movies and other entertainment forms that they tend to watch. A more modern example of this would be the Twilight movie series. While there are even many adults that… Continue Reading...

International Law on Overt and Covert Interventions

states' conducts have become critically important to maintain international peace and security, and preventing violation and aggression. However, the principle of the international law prohibits the use of force against other state actors except where the security council authorizes the use of military force to restore the international peace or where a state uses the force as a self-defence. In the international arena, nation states have been found using the overt and covert method to exercise military interventions against other states. However, a self-defense is one of the major factors that provokes a state to exert the overt and… Continue Reading...

Post Feminism and Hip Hop

sexy vixen. The change of color goes from pink and black to red and shiny, showing aggression and confidence. Women often change their manner of dress to symbolize freedom and enjoyment. For example, the women in the video that removed their clothes to dance naked could gain a sense of power and entitlement when they did so, increasing cultural capital. So many times, women are kept from increasing their cultural capital because they are prevented from acquiring an education or increasing their intellect. In "Critically Queer" by Judith Butler, there is mention of performative acts as forms of authoritative… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

the exact domain within which to place religion, to preserve liberal politics' secularity from the disputes, aggression and prejudice stemming from the disagreement between conflicting religious groups and philosophies in Europe. Thus, religion entailed personal agreement with a collection of beliefs, a private mindset or individuals' personal orientation within the conditions outlined by Enlightenment-inspired contemporary liberalism. One impact of the above approach was, in diverse forms and ways, official separation of religion from governance in modern Northern Europe (although with varying tones and levels of smoothness). This process represents religion's individualization. This cultural transition has permitted considerable trialing and… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

its soil in history on 9/11, it responded with aggression and a ramping up of security measures that changed America from the welcoming "nation of immigrants" it had been half a century earlier to the borders-closing, protectionist state that is now setting a nationalist example for other states throughout the world. [5: Ciftci, S. (2012). Islamophobia and threat perceptions: Explaining anti-Muslim sentiment in the West. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 32(3): 292-309.] MUSLIMS IN THE U.S. The Muslim population in America is not large -- at just 1% of the population, according to Pew Research, followers of Islam make… Continue Reading...

Violence, Sex and Other Things

This does not mean that all people who are exposed to media violence will exhibit violent behavior or aggression, but that care must be taken when children are exposed to violence in video games, television, or other media. When children are exposed to violence, as they inevitably will be, parents and other adult mentors need to be honest and open about the imagery. Instead of allowing the child to distort reality, mistaking what they see on the television with real life, parental engagement can help the child to distinguish between violent imagery and real violence. Some children may also… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

of comorbid ADHD with learning disabilities on anxiety, depression, and aggression in adults. Journal of Attention Disorders. 12(6):525 -- 531. [PubMed] Nucci, L. (1989). Challenging conventional wisdom about morality: The domain approach to values education. In L. Nucci (Ed.), Moral development and character education: A dialogue (183-203). Berkley, CA: McCutchan. Perkins, S., & Bermann, S. G. (2013). Violence Exposure and the Development of School-Related Functioning: Mental Health, Neurocognition, and Learning. Aggress Violent Behav., 89 -- 98. Rahiem, M., Abdullah, N., & Rahim, H. (2012). School Culture and the Moral Development of Children. IPEDR, 116. Shumaker, D.V. & Heckel, R.V.… Continue Reading...

Global Comparisons in Workplace Discrimination

rise to a workplace culture of distrust, caginess, resentment, aggression and enmity amid the personnel. In the end the employees can form cliques, which implies that there is a lack of unity amongst them. All of these advancements propagate negative ambiances and damage relationships at work, particularly the free flow of communications and cooperation, hindering the smooth functioning of the organization. Research undertaken has indicated that workplace discrimination leads to low job satisfaction (Scheid, 2010), thus affecting overall outcomes. Loss of Work Concentration and Productivity Another adverse impact of workplace discrimination encompass the loss of focus, concentration and time… Continue Reading...

African Terrorism and Boko Haram

to characterize the political function and focus of Boko Haram is based on social alienation and particularly the Frustration- aggression theoretical framework as suggested by Omadjohwoefe (2013). Frustration-aggression theory is related to conflict theory, in that systematic alienation and oppression lead to widespread frustration and despair, and the outlet for that despair is violence. Violence has been normalized within the context of quasi-religious ideology, which simultaneously promises to rectify corruption in the government and replace the existing regime with one that claims to empower the disenfranchised elements of Nigerian society. Moreover, the dependent variable in the research will be related… Continue Reading...

Assessment Process

only be described as pre-morbid • Features that are related to depression, substance abuse, aggression or anxiety In other words, there is need for the clinician to ask relevant pointed questions directed at unveiling details to do with the symptoms of post traumatic stress, the frequency of content, its nature, duration, intensity and short descriptions of the signs (Shear et al., 2012) Examination of the State of Mind A person's state of mind is professionally assessed during an interview using Mental State Examination. The method applies a common language and format to capture the information that the patients who have… Continue Reading...

Social Justice

go through different mental problems, which consists of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, aggression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. In fact, in accordance to the Institute of Medicine (2013), statistics indicate that almost half of veterans go through these problems. Deficiency of mental health providers is one of the key factors that encumber access to mental healthcare by veterans. Accessibility to mental healthcare by veterans is also hampered by the necessities related with VA benefits. To obtain VA health benefits, veterans are required to have either an honorable or general discharge (APHA, 2014). It is imperative to note that… Continue Reading...

Feminism in Frankenstein Introduction

Monster/My Self." Diacritics, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1982, pp. 2-10. Knoepflmacher, U.C. "Thoughts on the aggression of Daughters." In Levine and Knoepflmacher (Eds). The Endurance of Frankenstein, Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 49-76. O'Rourke, James. "The 1831 Introduction and Revisions to Frankenstein: Mary Shelley Dictates Her Legacy." Studies in Romanticism, Vol. 38, No.3, Fall 1999, p. 365-385. Rieger, James. "Dr. Polidori and the Genesis of Frankenstein." Studies in English Literature, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1963, pp. 461-472. Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Zorba Press Digital Edition. Retrieved online: http://tcpl.org/community-read/Frankenstein/mary1831.pdf Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

same users. Those brain effects and feelings include loneliness, the aforementioned aggression and general psychiatric health. There is clearly a brain-related effect of some sort when it comes to all forms of video games, whether it be good or bad or whether it be regressing in nature or rehabilitating. Even with this being clear, this study also makes it apparent and stated that the research on this subject is still very early and incomplete in nature (Bavelier et al., 2011). Conclusion There are a few things that are easily apparent from the brief literature review done for this report.… Continue Reading...

Veterans Mental Health Services

health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, aggression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia (Wooten, 2015). More specifically, statistics indicate that up to 50% of veterans experience PTSD (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2013). These problems often stem from exposure to combat. Mental health problems among veteran are further compounded by other problems such as financial difficulties, joblessness, marriage problems, social isolation, and homelessness (Smith et al., 2017). These problems are major risk factors for suicide and substance abuse. Indeed, approximately 22 veterans commit suicide every day (American Public Health Association [APHA], 2014). This paper focuses on this social justice… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

help administrators improve patient outcomes by reducing workplace bullying or aggression, which reflects a hostile work environment. This is a qualitative study with research questions related to the prevalence and specific manifestations or types of workplace bullying, and also the strategies nurses use to minimize or mitigate workplace bullying. Gaffney et al. (2012) set out to examine what workplace bullying looks like in different scenarios, how workplace bullying is perceived and responded to by both nurses and patients, and how nurses respond to bullying that targets either themselves or colleagues. The research questions are clearly stated prior to the… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

will beliefs are relevant. Empirical evidence in the last half a decade has associated increased aggression, low job performance, increased willingness to cheat and reduced assistance with a reduction of belief in free will. Moreover, your belief in free will also influences the manner in which your brain prepares for action. Application of these study results at the societal-level should be a concern about supporting the supposition that humans don't have free will (Honderich, 2005). Censoring information that promotes disbelief in free will is one solution to this problem. Although there's a concern regarding natural science's tendency to undermine… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

to privacy; 3) for European nations to consider the impact of continual war and aggression, NATO build-up, Middle East interventions, unmitigated immigration, open borders policies, trafficking, and the role that blowback can play in negatively impacting civilians' safety. As the 21st century progresses moods and attitudes will continue to evolve to reflect the growing unease with EU policies, already expressed by several political parties throughout Europe -- from the pro-Brexit wing in England to the anti-EU faction in the Netherlands to the nationalist parties rising in France, Italy, Spain and elsewhere. Areas for Future Research Future research should focus… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

women instilled morality and civil values that ultimately led to the aggression with which men struggled for the American Revolution (Cometti, 2011). Therefore, women played a significant role in the American Revolution without which American independence would have remained a mirage. References Byram, M. (2015). Conceptualizing Intercultural (Communicative) Competence and Intercultural Citizenship. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Intercultural Communication, 4(12), 344-359 Fontaine, R. (2007). Cross-cultural management: six perspectives. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 14(2), 125-135. Best, D. L. (2001). Gender Concepts: Convergence in Cross-Cultural Research and Methodologies. Cross-Cultural Research, 35(1), 23-43. Gundersen, J. R. (2007). Independence, Citizenship,… Continue Reading...

Federal Policy on Afordable Care Act

frontlines. They suffer mental problems like the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, aggression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia. This challenge is further compounded by the lack of mental health providers and the necessities related to the VA benefits. The veterans challenge is not recent but has been around for many decades yet has not been effectively resolved. The Affordable Care Act was crafted purposefully to help more Americans, especially those of lower economic standards, and expose them to greater accessibility to affordable health insurance. This policy is meant to enhance the quality of health care and health insurance, as… Continue Reading...

Profane Language and Inappropriate Media Content in Shows for Children

TV shows and similar media. References Gilani N., (2011) Bad Language in Video Games and On TV linked to aggression in teenagers. Mailonline. Retrieved from http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2050159/Bad- language-video-games-TV-linked-aggression-teenagers.html St. John L., (2013). 8 ways violent videogames are bad for your Kids. Huff post retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/laura-st-john/8-ways-violent-games_b_3875846.html Wen R., (2013). Students express worry over inappropriate content in children TV shows and movies. Aragon Outlook. Retrieved from http://aragonoutlook.org/2013/04/inappropriate- content-in-kids-media/ Continue Reading...

Applying Criminology Theory in Iceman

of rule-breaking and infringement of law, which includes manipulation, bullying, vandalism, aggression, treachery, burglary, forced sex and fleeing from home) is the key childhood indicator of APD (Glenn and Raine). A succession of psychologist interviews clearly established that Kuklinski was both aggressive and unemotional. He did not show the mental and emotional stability typical of normal people. Indeed, he admitted to frequently feeling nothing when murdering people and simply experiencing curiosity regarding the extent he could go to. At the end of the interview sessions, he was diagnosed as having APD, which explains his overall absence of guilt, his… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

or witness violent acts can suffer from (a) externalizing behaviors (e.g., conduct problems, aggression); (b) internalizing problems (e.g., fears, phobias, depression, somatic complaints); (c) a diminished sense of self-worth; (d) social and emotional adjustment difficulties; (e) difficulties maintaining positive relations with peers and adults; (f) decreased social competence; (g) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); (h) anxiety; (i) depression; (j) elevated anger levels; (k) increased delinquent behaviors; (l) increased violent behaviors; and (m) elevated potential for involvement in abuse relationships in the future (Smith & Eklund, 2015, p. 21). Likewise, the short-term adverse effects of violence in the schools on teachers… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Steroids and Hgh

include edema, acne, scrotal pain (in men), nausea, increased urination, personality disorders/ aggression, nervousness and euphoria. The last of those is commonly called a “steroid rush”. More serious damage includes liver tumors, psychosis, hypertension and dysplastic changes. Despite this, the ability to exercise longer and harder is what brings the allure to anabolic steroids and ergogenic substances, legal or illegal (Ahrendt, 2017). Many people conflate steroids and human growth hormone, or HGH. However, that is a big misnomer. This is because HGH and anabolic steroids are not the same thing. It is important to define the terminology involved. Anabolic, by… Continue Reading...

Who Is Responsible for Initiating the Cold War

that had largely been untouched by war violence up till then. This aggression on Stalin’s part in 1945 was rooted in his deep suspicion of the Western Allies taking the spoils for themselves—but this essentially what the Western Allies had in mind. With the end of WWII, the Cold War began (and Stalin’s invasion of Denmark in 1945 could very well mark that moment). But it was not entirely born out of his paranoia. The Cold War was a continuation of the hot war that came to a close with the defeat of Germany and the submission of Japan,… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Mental Health and Trauma Informed Care

policy level, trauma-informed care in Australia largely encompasses eliminating or reducing seclusion, restraint, physical aggression, involuntary detention, forced medication adherence, and other coercive practices (MHCC, 2013; Wilson, Hutchinson & Hurley 2017). Nonetheless, trauma-informed care is much more than just eliminating coercive practices. It also involves staff training, patient involvement in care planning, environmental changes, policy and language change, patient empowerment building rapport and relationships with patients, as well as creating a safe and respectful care environment (Muskett, 2013). It is imperative for trauma-informed care in Australia to be implemented at the policy level. Organisations involved in mental health care… Continue Reading...

Why Parents Should Be Liable for Their Children's Bullying

a conscious, willful, and deliberate hostile activity intended to harm, induce fear through the threat of further aggression, and create terror" (51). While the prevalence of bullying is highest during the middle school years, bullying can occur sooner and persist long after this period of time. For example, Darden reports that, “Stories abound about students at all grade levels engaging in severe harassing behavior that prompts suicides or inflicts lasting physical or emotional scars” (76). More troubling still, the inordinately high prevalence of bullying has resisted the best efforts by parents, lawmakers, educators and civic organizations across the country.… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

(2017). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the intergenerational transmission of criminal behavior.  aggression And Violent Behavior, 37161-178. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2017.10.004 Boyd, R. (2014). Narratives of Sacrificial Expulsion in the Supreme Court's Affirmation of California's "Three Strikes and You're Out" Law. Legal Communication & Rhetoric: JALWD, 1183-108. Donald, B. (2013). Stanford Law's Three Strikes Project works for fair implementation of new statute. Stanford University. Retrieved 3 November 2017, from https://news.stanford.edu/news/2013/june/three-strikes-project-060613.html Ewing v. California 538 U.S. 11 (2003). (2017). Justia Law. Retrieved 3 November 2017, from https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/538/11/ Gocha, A. J. (2016). The sanitization of violence: exposing the plea bargain regime as a tool for mass injustice. Georgetown Journal… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

relations with the community while at the same time attempting to minimize instances of unnecessary aggression and use of force. In essence, in seeking to effect arrests, officers should utilize force that is not only commensurate with the risk posed, but also objectively reasonable. The relevance of formulating blueprints and implementing strategies meant to address the use of force as well as promote or advance the de-escalation of scenarios that turn violent cannot be overstated. In seeking to comprehensively address the issue raised by members of the public regarding the use of force by police officers during the apprehension… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

defense mechanisms in cultures could be anything from xenophobia to aggression. A historical-philosophical approach to psychoanalytic theory can therefore be successful integrated into international relations, political theory, and foreign policy. On the individual level, psychoanalysis also serves a symbolic role in the society. “Complex activities such as psychoanalysis...are hard to describe in linear discursive language and may best be understood through metaphors, which function as evocative, multidimensional, presentational symbols,” (Newirth, 2015, p. 308). Psychoanalysis is both a collective and an individual process with multiple layers of meaning. As it unveils the unconscious mind of the individual and the society,… Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

coping techniques included turning his back on problems, yelling and extreme physical aggression. They are probably a product of his experiences in childhood, and might have played a significant part in his endurance of traumatic childhood events. But they continued into adulthood and have since posed serious challenges (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). Trait theory assessment of Fisher: Trait theorists widely adopt Costa and McCrae’s Five-Factor Model for evaluation; the five elements of this instrument are neuroticism, candidness, amicability, scrupulousness and extraversion (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). Because of his aggression in the face of potential threats, Fisher would display a… Continue Reading...

Vice Principals on Hbo Advertisement Analysis

assumptions that the ad makes about men and women and social class reflect aggression and hostility towards political correctness: the characters have no concern for “PC” culture—their main ambition exudes a cockiness that borders on the psychotic. The ad generates laughs by displaying an exaggerated sense of various traits and mannerisms most commonly associated with specific groups yet here displayed by persons not part of those groups. For instance, the uber-masculine McBride weeps; Goggins (the flamboyant metrosexual—a type commonly associated with acceptance and tolerance) displays insane aggression and hostility; Gregory gives the stereotypical “Uncle Tom” African American good will… Continue Reading...

Causes Of World War I

Bismarck invaded France and took over the Alsace-Lorraine. In response to growing German aggression and unable to defend itself otherwise, France sought an alliance with Russia. Italy was by this point siding with Prussia and Austro-Hungary, most likely because Italy benefitted far more from protection by these two major European superpowers than from an alliance with far weaker France. The Triple Alliance refers to the brief period during which Italy was aligned with Prussia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Unfortunately for Prussia, Italy reneged on the Triple Alliance, betraying its presumed allies by aligning with France. It likely saw that… Continue Reading...

Treating Adhd and Odd in Children

on a single task for any reasonable period of time. ODD can stem from feelings of aggression, agitation, and isolation that the child feels as a result of his or her own lack of impulse control. In these cases, it is important for the parent to understand the child’s challenges as well as his or her own as a parent. Knowing how these disorders have been viewed and treated in the past can provide the parent with a sense of empowerment so that he or she can with confidence take ownership of the situation and respond to it like… Continue Reading...

Mongols History

mission was brief but filled with horrific display of aggression. Another division that was different from the one mentioned marched into Ghazna and parts of Kirman, India and Sistan. According to the author this group was actually more vicious than the aforementioned group (Browne, 2009). In the estimation of the author Alexander did not conquer countries at such a speed and neither did he commit heinous acts like these Tatars did (Browne, 2009). He only required that his subjects be under his authority. In only a space of about one year these Tatars had conquered the most advanced of… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

between consumption of violent media and raises in level of aggression” (par. 6). The fact that there is a link between observing violence and committing violence, no matter how small, raises alarms about covering graphic, violent incidents, including serial killer’s murder sprees. There are documented incidents of disturbed individuals replicating the actions of such killers, based on their obsessive reading of media reports (Conti 2015). Just as copycat suicides are an accepted phenomenon, so is the existence of copycat serial killers (Conti 2015). While accurate coverage is important, it’s “also important to recognize that while mental illness plagues every… Continue Reading...

Social Construction Theories on Serial Killers

carries the delinquent along a social process involving negative exchanges with society, ultimately engendering aggression and bitterness in the criminal. Consequently, the criminal act against society by reacting negatively to this label, concluding this process by reinforcing his deviant or negative. This theory appears to ideally fit all serial murderers, owing to the nature of this kind of crime. Deviant desires are evident in nearly every serial killer (Hickey, 2013). References Coston, C. T. M. (2015). Self-Report Justifications for Serial Sex Murder An Exploratory Study of Neutralization Techniques. Hickey, E. W. (2013). Serial murderers and their victims. Cengage Learning. Leyton,… Continue Reading...

Joint Operations

and why we’re working with our Gulf partners to make them more capable of defending themselves against external aggression” (Cordersman, 2015). On the basis of these facts, the U.S., as the only superpower, ought to foster closer working relations between its Army and those of other countries so as to better address emerging global threats and other challenges. Building partner capacity is not a new issue. However, as Marquis et al. (2010) points out, it is not until recently that this concept “migrated to positions near the top of the U.S. national security agenda.” In essence, there are three… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

action.”[footnoteRef:20] His simple lifestyle, his courage in the face of aggression, his compassion and his mercy reflect the values dear to Allah. Muhammad helped usher in a nursing community to help treat the wounded Muslims who lay on the battlefields after wars. He honored the first Muslim nurse, Rufaida al-Asalmiya, who established the very first nursing school in Arabia. She had a nursing corps who treated the wounded Muslim soldiers in 624 AD, helping to dress their wounds and prevent the spread of disease. Muhammad greatly admired and respected her devotion to the Muslims and saw to it that… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

his severity, the way he would “pounce on people,” acting with violence and aggression to achieve his egoistic goals (Achebe, 1958, p. 1). As the community of Umuofia falls apart due to historical changes, external threats, and a leadership crisis, Okonkwo also falls apart due to his own existential crisis. Things Fall Apart has a strong ethical overtone, offering the reader insight into Igbo society but also into universal norms and values. If masculinity is defined by aggression and even violence, then men are doomed to repeat the mistakes of their fathers. At the same time, Achebe makes another… Continue Reading...

Allyship Community Education and Leadership

resolution education on conflict resolution skills, social competence, and aggression in Turkish elementary school students,” Akgun & Araz (2013) conduct original research on elementary students, introducing a mediation training program to improve their conflict resolution skills. The desired outcomes of the program also included measurable decreases in violence and aggression in the school. The experimental group included 327 students, and the authors also used a small but significant control group. The research design used a pre-test and a post-test to assess learning. Some of the core components of mediation were found to be empathy, anger management, and “social problem… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

Education can reinforce hegemony or be used to facilitate political resistance and catalyze social justice. Students and faculty at the University of Hawaii have empowered themselves through education, through changes to curriculum and also to the norms of public discourse. In “Native Student Organizing,” Trask also describes how political structures in education have a direct bearing on community empowerment. Left alone, university politics can too easily reflect the dominant, colonialist, and typically white discursive practices. Trask describes how concerted efforts at building campus organizations of resistance and decolonization can and will yield results that extend far beyond campus boundaries. In… Continue Reading...

Girl Power Feminism

in some way doing something that is “good” for women—liberation, aggression, freedom, whatever handle they want to attach to it. What they don’t say is that this liberation is just a fad, too. The novelty wears off. The act grows old and routine. Miley and the other girl power feminists are not really doing anything special for women by twerking on stage, exposing themselves in public, or acting immodestly. Modesty is a virtue—i.e., a good habit to cultivate. Explaining that in this day and age, however, has become very difficult because no one wants to hear that they need… Continue Reading...

Bullying Essay

of age, girls continue to use more and more relational aggression. They appear to be choosing the form of aggression that is most hurtful to others, and the type of aggression that is most tolerated by the peer group” (Macklem, 2010, p. 42). Relational bullying does not simply mean excluding someone. It may also entail spreading rumors, sharing secrets and breaking confidences, and recruiting peers to share in the dislike of a target. This form of social manipulation is quite common in grade school and can frequently happen up to middle school. Bullies that partake in relational bullying may… Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

where there are winners and losers and aggressors and the victims of aggression (Baker & Lawson, 2002). “The entire basis of economic life, unlike political life, is to better your own condition by doing good things for others. This principle was best espoused by Adam Smith (1776) himself with his famous ‘invisible hand’ metaphor” (Baker & Lawson, 2002). This is a key aspect of globalization, and it is futile to assume that the advantages of trade need to end at borders between nations  as such borders were created in the first place with political agendas at heart, as opposed… Continue Reading...

My Papa's Waltz Analysis Essay

and uncertainty is furthered in the third stanza, which begins with a line that sets the stage for aggression and helplessness “The hand that held my wrist.” This line is so treacherous as it indicates that the child’s hand is being dominated, hurt, and is immobilized. Grabbing someone by the wrist is one of the most definite ways to ensure they cannot move their hands—it limits their freedom substantially. It also evokes very dark imagery: a heavy adult hand gripping a child’s frail wrist in a move of domination.  The second line continues to further the idea of violence,… Continue Reading...

Effective Communication Letter Of Advice

behaviors (Chapter 2). The stereotypical male means of relationship communications may include avoidance and aggression, being destructive or expressing jealousy; stereotypical female means of communication may include more integrative modes such as the desire to verbalize conflicts (Bevan & Sole, 2014, Chapter 2). Some biological males are more prone to using “feminine” communication styles or relationship maintenance behaviors, and some biological females may be more prone to using the “masculine” styles like avoidance. Being aware of your gender orientation will help you resolve conflicts in a healthier way, and also have more empathy and understanding for your partner. Understanding… Continue Reading...

The Virginia Tech Shooting

a note written just before his rampage (Harnden, 2007). Indicators of Conflict, aggression, and Mental Instability There were several indicators of conflict, aggression and mental instability in Cho’s life, beginning with his anxiety disorders, mutism and depression in middle school and lasting well into his 20s before his rampage and suicide. He wrote angry, violent-filled stories at school but was unsocial and uncommunicative with peers (Harnden, 2007). He repressed a lot of feelings, which erupted and exploded in a violent massacre. Cho was diagnosed by New River Valley Community Services Board in 2005 as being mentally ill and needing hospitalization… Continue Reading...

Opium Wars Britain China

a petulant child. Sending a full naval fleet to the Chinese coast is a more global act of aggression than the individual singling out of opium smugglers who were actually breaking the law. Palmerston’s letter seems to suggest that the Crown’s goal all along might have been to find any excuse possible to instigate military activity that might expand Britain’s locus of control in the region. King George III does briefly refer to a prior incident, leaving out any details, in which “one Man shall not suffer for the crime of another, in which he did not participate, and… Continue Reading...

Professional Accountability and Patient Safety

In essence, violence from patients towards nurses includes any act of aggression initiated by the patient and (or) their relatives and friends and directed at the nurse. Acts of aggression in this case could include, but they are not limited to, grabbing, scratching, hitting, and in some cases shouting down the nurse in a threating manner. It is important to note that in some extreme instances, nurses have been killed by those they are attempting to take good care of. Patients likely to become violent towards nurses, as Ramacciati, Ceccagnoli, Addey, Lumini, and Rasero (2016, p. 23) point out… Continue Reading...

School Bullying Plan

welfare and well-being of students. Bullying is a broad concept that involves intentional aggression, power imbalance between the perpetrator and victim, and repetitive aggressive behavior (Cornell & Limber, 2015). Carson Elementary School recognizes that preventing bullying is critical toward enhancing the safety of all students within the classroom setting and school environment. In this regard, the school has established policies that seek to prevent or lessen bullying incidents. The policies are based on guidelines by Cincinnati Public Schools district and act as the basis for determining how to deal with bullying incidents. As part of the school’s strategies toward… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

et al. (2016). Addressing violent extremism as public health policy and practice. Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political aggression. DOI: 10.1080/19434472.2016.1198413 World Health Organization (2018). Alliance for healthy cities. http://www.who.int/life-course/partners/alliance-healthy-cities/en/ Continue Reading...

Mel Gibson

an ironic pacifism: what for Christ could even be considered a passive aggression that aims to use martyrdom as a weapon. Desmond Doss, the hero of Hacksaw Ridge, is the most morally ambiguous and mature of all Gibson protagonists in that he willingly and proudly fights for his country but ironically refuses to use violence even on the battlefield. Doss is definitively Christ-like in his pacifism, his willingness to endure suffering to prove a point. Pursuing a sadomasochistic aesthetic engages the audience, but Gibson also capitalizes on grandiose music and sound to achieve similar goals of emotional investment in… Continue Reading...

Online Life Bane or Boon Essay

Anyone who uses his or her cellphone too quickly check a message while standing in line at the grocery store is likely to become aware of the intense hostility directed toward Internet technology. The Internet has been accused of making people rude and less civil in real life and in online life; of negatively influencing elections; even of artificially damaging the human brain by reducing the natural human attention span. Very few technologies admittedly have no negative effects. Even early industrialization had negative effects on the lives of people who wove by hand for a living. But while the Internet… Continue Reading...

America and the Cold War Mentality

(1954) explained it sufficiently well when he (under)stated the policy of the U.S. in the face of Soviet “ aggression”—a term Bush I would apply to the heinous act of Hussein in the early 1990s of daring to oppose Western machinations and annex Kuwait for himself. For Dulles (1954) the policy was simple: “The way to deter aggression is for the free community to be willing and able to respond vigorously at places and with means of its own choosing.” Those words of “of its own choosing” would be especially important—as Dulles himself would demonstrate in the Bay of Pigs… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

and well-being. Non-white migrants are typically the main target of aggression and discrimination. Racial minorities face greater risk of discrimination as compared to migrants of the same race as the mainstream population. Several Caribbean-origin, Asian, African and Latin American migrants suffer racial discrimination in the US, for the very first time in their lives. Profiling cultivates a societal atmosphere producing anxiety and fear among migrants, particularly non-Whites, who constantly fear identification and deportation (American Psychological Association 4). Anti-migrant sentiments particularly targeted at Mexican migrants drastically impact their lives and their perception of the host society. Such findings indicate how… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

Four profiles were created: caregiver, temperamental, dependent caregiver and dangerous. Perpetrators whose profiles were dangerous typically showed the most aggression, tendency to abuse substances, need for financial support, and a high degree of general irresponsibility. On the other end of the spectrum, caregivers tended to demonstrate emotional and technical support for victims. This study is useful in providing a quantitative analysis of perpetrators in elder abuse to help better understand the victimology of the subject, as Jackson (2016) called for. Jackson, S. L. (2016). All elder abuse perpetrators are not alike: the heterogeneity of elder abuse perpetrators and implications… Continue Reading...

Feminist Ethical Virtues Versus Masculine

compassionate characteristics that Gilligan (1982) and Noddings (2010) attribute to women, then violence and aggression would become less normative throughout society. Therefore, the solution to crises like violence lies less in extoling the virtues of women, more than it does to altering the definition of masculinity. The TED talk by Colin Stokes shows how males are socialized to be aggressive—much as it could be argued that females are socialized to be virtuous, caring, and nurturing. Even if there are biological precursors to these predilections, such as men having more testosterone than females and thus a greater tendency to aggression,… Continue Reading...

The Elderly and Dementia

care providers looking to augment their own practice. References Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2015). Non-pharmacologic Interventions for Agitation and aggression in Dementia. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from http://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/index.cfm/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?productid=1999&pageaction=displayproduct Alzheimer’s Association. (2018). Facts and figures. Retrieved from https://www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/facts-figures Jayadev, S., Leverenz, J. B., Steinbart, E., Stahl, J., Klunk, W., Yu, C. E., & Bird, T. D. (2010). Alzheimer’s disease phenotypes and genotypes associated with mutations in presenilin 2. Brain, 133(4), 1143-1154. Jensen, L., & Padilla, R. (2017). Effectiveness of environment-based interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in people with Alzheimer’s disease and related major neurocognitive disorders: a systematic… Continue Reading...

Gender Bias and Sexual Harassment in Schools

Query: How can we overcome sexual harassment in our schools? Sexual harassment needs to be framed as a community issue and not as isolated incidents. A complex issue, sexual harassment becomes embedded in a culture of violence, one that condones normative gender bias and other forms of power abuses. Resolving the problem of sexual harassment in our schools requires honest self-insight, into the values that guide the organization. On a conscious level, most educators will recognize that sexual harassment does violate core concepts of social justice, yet patterns of violence and conflict are frequently unconscious and irrational. Conflict is subtle… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddler Development

that comes from the parental guardian-child bond to a trust for others who do not show aggression and threat. This trust provides them with a feeling of security and allows them to approach other children their own age with confidence and engage in play. They can also demonstrate independence by playing comfortably alone. Between the age of 1 and 2, the child will be watching others and learning from them. This frequently included observational play in which the child watches other children play but does not engage. By age 3 the child is more likely to be engaging other… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

discrimination—known as microaggressions—can often sully the workplace environment, creating a toxic atmosphere filled with passive aggression. For example, a male subordinate might use different and more disrespectful body language and facial expressions when disagreeing with a female versus a male supervisor. The facial expressions and body language might even be unconscious reactions to perceived power struggles. Frequently, females are not perceived as legitimate authority figures because they subvert traditional gender norms. Race, religion, and gender also create subcultures, which in turn impact a person’s leadership style or method of conflict resolution. Misunderstandings can be avoided by taking into account… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

and pursue their own path. Increased community pride and solidarity would also help to reduce unnecessary aggression and violence, preventing victimization and the perpetuation of criminological patterns in poor communities. More dialogue between community members, land owners, and tenants would also help, but raising awareness about the poor is essential. Class-based and race-based discrimination continue to impede communication and discursive practices that would otherwise bring about the changes that benefit all citizens. In addition to the universal voucher program that Desmond recommends, the problem of housing insecurity can also be addressed in other ways. One would be to promote… Continue Reading...

Social Science Research Methods Gang Violence

of the study: which is to identify risk factors for adolescent aggression. Moreover, the authors chose three of the most salient independent variables (exposure to violence, having friends or family members in gangs, and low social self-control) that have been already shown to be associated with aggressive behavior. The authors also want to illustrate the connections between these two variables, two of which are circumstantial or environmental (exposure to violence plus gang associations) and one of which is psychological or individual (social self-control). The authors also carefully align their research methods and design with the research questions and the… Continue Reading...

Media Depictions Of Gender Role Stereotypes

stereotypes is in many ways more harmful, given that the media may imply that men need to display aggression and violence in order to maintain power, privilege, and respect: in order to be known as “real men.” In some media, men are depicted stereotypically as being incompetent, childish buffoons who only like fart jokes, large boobs, and getting drunk with their friends (Waling, 2016). While certainly there are men—and women for that matter—who appreciate and engage in these types of behavior, they are not necessarily markers of “real men.” Yet the media inculcates these types of values and norms,… Continue Reading...

Physical Security Design and Methods Of Security

a public event area that is in an open place. Recently terrorists have chosen aggression in their use of tractors and vehicles to run over people in populated public area. A recent case was in Nice, France where a truck driver ran over unsuspecting people who had attended Bastille Day celebrations (The Telegraph, 2016). Physical barriers are quite fundamental security systems that can help prevent hostile trucks and other vehicles from accessing the main entrance of a facility or a public event area. Barriers can also keep vehicles from crushing into pedestrians walking by the roadside or on open… Continue Reading...

South Park and Pc Culture

will promote and propagate negativity and continue to perpetuate a culture of hostility, fear and aggression when there should be peace and harmony. Thus, the criteria for understanding the theory of Symbolic Interactionism in relation to bias and the PC culture are: · Designated stimuli · The generalized other · The different other as deviant · Self-fulfilling prophecy Analysis Designated Stimuli The designated stimulus that sets off the PC Bros in the bar is the use of the name Caitlyn Jenner. The name prompts a PC Bro to come over and lecture the residents about their intolerant views and… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

parasympathetic impulses are inhibited by sympathetic impulses discharge, hostility as well as aggression is associated with increased secretions – and may, as a matter of fact, contribute to certain kinds of gastric pathology. It is important to note that gastric hydrochloric acid, as Huether and McCance (2017) observe, largely concerns itself with not only the dissolution of food fibers, but also functions as “a bactericide against swallowed microorganisms” (888). Pepsinogen is also converted to pepsin by gastric hydrochloric acid. According to Huether and McCance (2017), for acid to be produced by the parietal cells, chloride and hydrogen must be… Continue Reading...

The Reagan Administration U S Diplomatic Relations with the Uk Throughout the Falkland War

Nevertheless, the British saw the mission as an act of aggression. The then British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, declared the Falklands a war zone and asked the British forces to prepare for a military response to recover the islands for the UK. Considering the power and stature of Britain, many European countries and other countries showed open support for the United Kingdom. The countries, especially the European ones, reacted by withdrawing support for the Argentinian military forces (“Crisis in the South Atlantic,” N.D.). On the other hand, most South American governments supported Argentina, with the only open opposition coming… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Literary Analysis

that in order to be an effective leader, he must use violence and aggression instead of methods that promote peace and collaboration. He understandably resists the colonial influences on his village, but fails to provide his fellow people with a viable alternative they can embrace. As a result of his conditioned actions, things fall apart not just for Okonkwo but his entire community. The theme of resisting change is effectively delivered in the novel through characterization. Okonkwo embodies the characteristics of his vision of masculinity, passed on from his father. The way he treats his sons reflects his belief… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of human behavior in social situations, showing how social pressures and sociological variables can impact psychological phenomenon such as identity, motivation, personality, or behavior. A quintessential topic in the field of social psychology is bullying. Bullying can be studied from a public health perspective, showing how the external variables such as how a school is designed and the leadership and organizational culture of the school affects risk factors implicated in bullying behaviors or victimization patterns. Alternatively, bullying can be examined from a purely psychological perspective to reveal the factors implicated in aggressive physical or verbal… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

been. The Civil War is even sometimes referred to as “the war of northern aggression,” so stubborn are the people who believe that they have a right to hurt people and do whatever they want (Oakes 1). As Oakes points out, a “revisionist” view of the Civil War also contends that “the North did not go to war over slavery,” and simply wanted economic, social, and political control over the southern states (1). That may be the case, given the fact that abolishing slavery would mean a total restructuring of the American labor market and the economy, and that… Continue Reading...

Enable Professional and Community Collaboration

the advent of modern technology social media bullying has continued to grow by the day. Relational and verbal aggression on social platforms such as sharing rumors on electronic media and harassing or threatening others through electronic communication has become quite common. According to stopbullying.gov (n.d) 25% to 33% of students have indicated that they were bullied while at school. Most cases of bullying occur with students at middle school. Social and verbal bullying is most common. More awareness has been built concerning bullying. The psychological impact and consequences of bullying on a child’s academic, social, and emotional wellbeing is… Continue Reading...

Canadian Society Global Perspectives

child, and unsuitable associations within the family all give rise to the occurrence of aggression. Defamilisation is defined as the extent to which individual adults can be able to sustain a socially acceptable standard of living, which is independent of family relations either by means of remunerated work or by support from social security. Defamilisation can for that reason be employed as a means of testing the degree to which welfare states, and welfare state administrations, enable female self-sufficiency and economic liberation from the family. References Hill, J., McCauley, T. P. (2010). Canadian Society: Global Perspectives. Whitby: de Sitter… Continue Reading...

Economic Disadvantages and Respiratory Issues

rarely associated with psychological reactions such as hallucinations, suicidal thinking, agitation, depression and aggression. Immediately seek medical attention if your kid experiences any of these psychological reactions. · Combination inhalers: Drugs in this category contained a LABA (long-acting beta agonist) and an inhaled corticosteroid. Some combinations include Advair HFA (fluticasone-salmeterol), Symbicort (budesonide-formoterol), Breo Ellipta (fluticasone-vilanterol) and Dulera (mometasone-formoterol). In some cases, log-acting beta agonists have been associated with severe asthma attacks. Long-acting beta agonists drugs should only be administered to kids when they have been combined with a corticosteroid. This minimizes the chances of severe asthma attacks. · Theophylline:… Continue Reading...

International Law and World Government

a threat to prevailing security. It may also do so when there is a threat to public peace and aggression as highlighted in the UN Charter. Nevertheless, use of the armed forces is not among the options that the UN has on its cards. Other examples include the fact that they rely on their image to the public that they are a more humane option. Sanctions are treated as an option of the last resort (City, 2015. 2). On the other hand, criticism has been flying round that 5% of the members of the UN’s Security Council who happen… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Counseling

be sure that a client is not serious when expressing rage or aggression towards another person and so ethical and legal dilemmas regarding the maintenance of confidentiality frequently plague counselors. Resolving this ethical dilemma is never easy. The counselor risks liability for failing to alert the authorities if some harm were to befall someone, and also risks litigation if the information were disclosed but the client never took action. Counselors also need to be careful when discussing their cases with colleagues. Even when a client is seeing other therapists or healthcare workers, confidentiality remains an ethical and legal obligation.… Continue Reading...

Cyberbullying

outside of the norm.  Normalizing it by conflating it with any type of aggression makes it difficult to identify bullying and successfully intervene in it.   In addition, many school districts have unwittingly taken actions that may actually help bullies.  That is because many schools have adopted zero-tolerance policies.  The goal of these policies it to eradicate bullying behavior by intervening at the first sign of behaviors that could signal a bullying problem.  Unfortunately, when the behaviors are treated without a thorough examination of the underlying context, the result is often that the victim of bullying receives the same… Continue Reading...

Why R2p Does Not Work

mandate from sovereign countries for assistance.[footnoteRef:7] Bellamy cites the Fascist aggression of WWII and the Holocaust as justification for R2P (as does Evans).[footnoteRef:8] Atrocities are commonly viewed as the reason for humanitarian intervention, and the West primarily attempts to assert its own virtue (virtue signaling at the state level) by purporting to assist the victims of aggression in other countries. The R2P doctrine is, in fact, older in spirit than WWII—but the rampant Holocaust memorialization that has transpired since the defeat of Germany has helped to provide the necessary visceral content for promoting the doctrine. The actual effects of… Continue Reading...

How Does Public Policy Work

assert its own virtue (virtue signaling at the state level) by purporting to assist the victims of aggression in other countries. The R2P doctrine is, in fact, older in spirit than WWII—but the rampant Holocaust memorialization that has transpired since the defeat of Germany has helped to provide the necessary visceral content for promoting the doctrine. The actual effects of the doctrine are rarely if ever discussed by Evans or the propents of R2P: the focus is always primarily on the theoretical moral justification for the “protecting” those people suffering from rogue regimes who are bent on genocide. For… Continue Reading...

The Diagnostic Criteria and Treatments for Ptsd

to arousal responses since the precipitating event. The changes could be irritability, aggression, increased participation in risky behaviors, self-destructive or destructive behaviors, difficulty sleeping or concentrating, and hypersensitivity to external stimuli (National Center for PTSD, n.d.). Individual differences will determine symptom specificity. Not only do all the symptomatic diagnostic criteria need to be filled, but also the duration and severity. During assessments for PTSD, the clinician would determine how long the symptoms have been present. Symptoms need to have been present for at least one month, and also must have created serious functional impairments or distress in the person’s… Continue Reading...

Colored Girls Rainbow Shange Play Reaction

what leads to unnecessary outbursts like suicidal behavior. Instead of internalizing anger or externalizing it into aggression, the women learn how to process the pain together and transform it into pathways of liberation. Even audience members who have never gone through what they have will identify points of reference and understanding; although persons watching from positions of relative privilege and power might not fully grasp the gravitas Shange offers. The most powerful points of the performance are those in which the women are all on stage together; while these are brief moments in the course of the play, they… Continue Reading...

What Did Aphrodite Do for the Greeks

are linked with Mars (Ares) and the concept of hostility, aggression, war and dominance. The goddess of love can thus be seen to have captured the imaginations of even psychologists who wish to explain some of the challenges of the married life by reminding patients that erotic love never was and never will be easy. Achievements and Relationships Aphrodite was a goddess who helped many mortals when they needed it. For example, she assisted those who worshiped her, like Jason when he sought to accomplish the seemingly impossible task of getting the Golden Fleece (Graves). Aphrodite also punished those… Continue Reading...

Can Nato Still Keep the Peace

War ended, NATO was suddenly flung into action—for the first time ever. It began its campaigns of aggression, allowing the U.S. to intervene in European and Middle Eastern affairs under the guise of promoting “democratic peace”—but all that has really happened is that more and more democracies are now turned against one another. England has voted to leave the EU. Italy has threatened to leave. German voters have turned against Merkel. Hungary has turned against Germany. Regime change is still the foreign policy of the day for the U.S., thanks to Bolton’s and Abrams’s ascendency in the Trump Administration.… Continue Reading...

How and Why the Vietnam War Began and Unfolded

rights, created closed state economies that did not trade with capitalist countries, and pursued military aggression. Communism was seen as a contagious disease by most Americans. If it was allowed to take hold in one nation, United States policymakers expected that contiguous nations would also fall to communism. When the Communist Party came to power in China in 1949, Washington feared the next Asia domino would be Vietnam. This was the reason why Truman made the decision in 1950 to assist the French who were at the moment fighting the Viet Minh. By assisting the French in Vietnam, Truman… Continue Reading...

Social Justice and Macklemore

marginalizing African-Americans and making them fearful of the law—which to them represents white rule, white power, and white aggression. The artist, like all hip hop artists, is coming from a traditional of criticism against Jim Crow: his descendents are men like Malcolm X and MLK, Jr., Ice Cube, and Tupac Shakur. Z-Ro’s words echo with all the history of those stories and more rolled into a monumental protest anthem. It is an anthem that many can understand. However, there is also a racial component to it that disqualified anyone who is not African-American from identifying with the song. For… Continue Reading...

Power and Authority Shifts

responsible for waging war, and even threatens to engage in war if there is “ aggression…anywhere in the Americas.” Whereas Lincoln’s address is about acting in accord with God’s right, Kennedy’s address is about mankind asserting its own right, even outside of war. He eagerly envisions a future in which men “explore the stars” (Kennedy) via their own power and authority. Lincoln (1865), however, intimates that man’s right is only that “which God gives us”, and advocates no lofty conquests over nature—which was traditionally viewed as God’s realm. Kennedy also believe that notions of liberty and wealth are mechanisms reflecting… Continue Reading...

Influence Of Child Abuse in Adulthood

is found to have increased ACEs, particularly sexual abuse among the imprisoned There proof that trauma in childhood is an aggression determinant among the incarcerated populace. According to an Italian study involving 450 prisoners, findings reveal that trauma in childhood signifies a developmental determinant that might intermingle with genetic aspects to predispose convicts to violence (Fox et al., 2015; Stensrud et al., 2018). However, more research is needed to generalize these results to the broader, mixed-sex, non-forensic populace. In addition, a study conducted on the traumatic past as well stressful experiences of 2279 prisoners in Arizona, America discovered increased rates… Continue Reading...