Amendment Essays


Gun Control Essay Example (Updated in 2019)

  Many see gun control as a controversial topic that has sparked much debate. This gun control essay can offer ways to examine this topic from both the ‘pro’ and ‘against’ sides. By detailing the pros and cons of gun control, you will be able to see the impact on society. These examples include recent changes in laws, news stories associated with gun violence, and what other countries do about this highly debated subject. Examining a topic from both sides, it offers a deeper and richer understanding that cannot be achieved from one-sided analysis. Titles Gun Control: Examining Both Sides Continue Reading...

Guns in the Workplace

employee automobiles represents a serious blow to the Constitutional amendment II (Shaw). However, senior attorney working for the 'Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence', Brian Siebel, disagrees. In his view, these regulations constitute a systematic endeavor to force arms across the whole of society and forbid anybody, right from school and college authorities to private sector firms, from banning guns on campus. Although I believe we are legally and morally entitled to gun ownership, the ethicality of this idea gets complicated if one takes into account the aspect of respecting others' wishes. For instance, carrying a firearm into a… Continue Reading...

10th Amendment and the Supremacy Clause

10th amendment or the Supremacy Clause should be stricken down, it is important to define what each is. The 10th amendment is "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people" (Mcpherson, 2009, p. 254). The Supremacy Clause is "This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United… Continue Reading...

Congress Vs the Public Library

ruling demonstrated installation of such filtering software is not unconstitutional as it does not violate the First amendment. This ruling provided the groundwork for the Children's Internet Protection Act to take full effect. In 2000, Congress passed the CIPA or the Children's Internet Protect Act. This law served as the main issue for the 2003 case. In order for public libraries to qualify for and receive federal aid for internet access, they must install web filtering software. The software disabled access to pornographic/obscene images including other material deemed potentially dangerous for minors. The law was not met with acceptance.… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

prevention of homicide. A detailed report was provided by Canada's Criminal Law amendment Act of 1977 (Bill C-51). It suggested that such an approach may have a preventive effect and lower rates of homicide for, at least, the older population. Factors to Focus on Experts in criminology regard the family as an important launching point for a child's criminal involvement. There has been a lot of research directed at the family relationships that might result in a child's involvement in crime. Some of the factors that were brought into perspective include the role that maternal deprivation plays, the involvement… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

as the abolition of the husband's duty to maintain a wife, the abolition of the presumption of advancement, the amendment to the Married Women's Property Act of 1964 and civil partners and their associated laws and protections. The sixteenth chapter wraps up the law by covering a few extra details such as religious situations when it comes to civil partnerships, the obligations of the European Union (EU) and beyond. Speaking of the European Union, the EA 2010 derives much of its and logic from the European Union (United Kingdom, 2016). Discrimination Types Covered by EA 2010 This item was… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practitioner

NP "role" definition A nurse practitioner is any independent certified nursing care provider who offers primary, specialty, or both primary and specialty, nursing services in long-term, ambulatory and acute care settings. NPs are engaged in the chronic or acute episodic ailment assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and management. They are specialists in the areas of illness prevention and health promotion, and perform the tasks of ordering, performing, overseeing and interpreting lab and diagnostic tests, prescribing non-pharmacologic treatment and pharmacological mediators, and educating and advising their patients (American Association of Nurse Practitioners, 2015). History of the Nurse Practitioner Role, in General The demand… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

suspects right to speedy trial according to the 6th amendment. The defendant is told formally, in advance, of the day of their arrangement and the charges they are to face. The court safeguards the defendant's rights. Some of such rights include the right to remain silent, the right to a jury trial, a right that prevents them from being prosecuted twice (also called right against double jeopardy) for the same one offence, right to counsel. Most defense attorneys advise defendants to plead not guilty to allow them to enter full trial. In the event that the defendant pleads guilty… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

and Solutions. Multiculturaladvantage.com. Retrieved 5 September 2016, from http://www.multiculturaladvantage.com/recruit/diversity/diversity-in-the-workplace-benefits-challenges-solutions.asp PBS. (2016). Equality and the 14th amendment - Constitution USA. PBS. Retrieved 6 September 2016, from http://www.pbs.org/tpt/constitution-usa-peter-sagal/equality/#.V85BIpgrKUk Pew. (2015). A Rising Share of the U.S. Black Population Is Foreign Born. Pew Research Center's Social & Demographic Trends Project. Retrieved 5 September 2016, from http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/2015/04/09/a-rising-share-of-the-u-s-black-population-is-foreign-born/ Stahl, G., Bjorkman, I., & Morris, S. (2012). Handbook of research in international human resource management. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Pub. WDN. (2016). Diversity. What it isn't.... Workforce Diversity Network. Retrieved 5 September 2016, from http://www.workforcediversitynetwork.com/docs/Articles/Article_WhatDiversityIsnt_Gerstandt.pdf WWL. (2016). Diversity and Disability - Work Without Limits. Workwithoutlimits.org. Retrieved… Continue Reading...

Exclusionary Rule in Terry Vs Ohio

of the "exclusionary rule" as pertaining to the Fourth amendment's guarantee to citizens against unlawful searches and seizures (Maclin, 2014). The exclusionary rule asserted that any evidence gathered by way of a violating the individual's rights against unlawful searches could not be used in a court of law against the individual charged. Implicit in this concept is the idea that unlawful searches cannot and should not be performed by law enforcement. The Court, in Terry v. Ohio, essentially reversed the exclusionary rule principle, said it applied only to the gathering of evidence and that when it came to keeping… Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs Of Justices

.....controversy of establishing a court system at the creation of the U.S. Constitution centered on the power struggle between states and the creation of a federal, central government with its own court and ability to overrule state court decisions. The Constitution pitted Federalists against Anti-Federalists. The former wanted a central government that acted as the top force over all the states; the latter wanted no central government -- because, after all, the Revolutionaries had just fought a war against a king -- why should they turn around and elect a new one? The idea of sovereign states was such that… Continue Reading...

Katz Vs United States

petitioned to suppress the evidence presented against him, citing the Constitution's amendment IV. This motion was rejected. The appellate court discarded the argument regarding the proof's inadmissibility. However, the petitioner was granted certiorari. Issues The chief issue that surfaces in the Katz v United States case is with regard to whether the Constitutional amendment IV provides protection for telephone conversations that are carried out in public phone booths and which are recorded in secret to serve as evidence in court, against an individual (Samaha, 2011). Arguments/Objectives of the Parties According to Katz, the phone booth that he used was… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

champion gender rights (Ilkkaracan & Jolly). The United States has the proposed Equal Rights amendment that seeks that constitutional rights be applied equally to all people regardless of sex. ERA is important as it ensures that rights of all citizens are protected. 35 states have so far ratified ERA (Neale). Work Cited California State University, Northridge. "Gender Biases in Classrooms." 2011. California State University, Northridge. www.csun.edu/~gm4017/Website/edu.html. Accessed 13 October 2016. Ilkkaracan, Pinar and Jolly, Susie "GENDER and SEXUALITY." Overview Report. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies, 2007. http://www.bridge.ids.ac.uk/sites/bridge.ids.ac.uk/files/reports/CEP-Sexuality-OR.pdf. Accessed 13 October 2016. Institute of Development Studies. "Sexuality and Social Justice: A… Continue Reading...

Court Case Review in Re Winship

Supreme Court, which granted certiorari and deemed "preponderance of evidence" methods unconstitutional based primarily on the Fourteenth amendment due process clause. The outcome of the case strengthens the burden of proof requirements for all criminal cases, juvenile or not. However, juvenile defendants are particularly influenced by this decision. The decision particularly applies to acts that would be considered crimes if the defendant were an adult. Although juveniles are the principle recipients of the outcome, In Re Winship generally strengthens the concept of burden of proof, and upholds the inherent values in both the "beyond a reasonable doubt" standard as… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

A comparative study of logistic operation in the military vs. commercial organization The past two decades have witnessed drastic transformations in civilian as well as military logistical settings. The commercial sector has been transformed by mass retailing, technological advancements, deregulation impacts, supply chains, etc. which have posed challenges to the commercial logistical setting. Simultaneously, military logisticians saw the Cold War era and associated strategies, a whole new kind of enemy, evolving military employees and sustained combat maneuvers within Third-World settings (Rutner, Aviles & Cox, 2012). Both groups have encountered tough choices, in addition to being pressured to review and perfect… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

on the argument that the search breached the Fourth amendment and later affirmed by the Appellate Court. The Illinois Supreme Court denied a petition for leave to appeal by the state and granted a writ of certiorari (Samaha, 2012). Issue: The issue was whether the Fourth amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibits warrantless search since police officers did not actually obtain valid consent from an individual who legally had common authority over the residence. Arguments or Objectives of the Parties: Rodriguez argued that the warrantless search violated the Fourth amendment since Fischer had no authority to consent to the… Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

not address the genuine legal problems that surveillance and brainwashing raise. The Fourth amendment to the Constitution addresses surveillance by providing the right to privacy to all American citizens. The government is prohibited from unreasonable searches and seizures according to the Fourth amendment, and that clause refers to searches and seizures of information, not just of property (Slobogin). There are many types of surveillance that the founding fathers would not have anticipated when the Constitution was ratified. Of course, the most obvious type of surveillance that the founding fathers would not have anticipated is Internet and other digital types… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

it that confusions must be voluntary. When the right to remain silent was included in the Fifth amendment of the U.S. constitution, it was tied to a complicated and controversial history. The Supreme Court has applied three tenets in the constitution to evolve rules that govern police interrogation and the confession process. These three include the Sixth amendment on the Right to Counsel, the Fourteenth amendment clause on due process and the Fifth amendment on Self-incrimination clauses. Each of these provisions has led the police to handle interrogation and confessions in varying ways (Samaha, 2012). Although it is argued… Continue Reading...

Terry Vs Ohio

classified as an unwarranted search, according to the Constitutional amendment IV (Samaha, 2012). Arguments Prior to trial commencement, the accused men attempted to quash the official's evidence, dubbing it as "inadmissible" since it was uncovered through an unauthorized frisking (Samaha, 2012). They asserted that the official (i.e., Mcfadden) lacked both a probable cause for detention and a search warrant. However, their motion was denied. Holdings The Supreme Court held that, in spite of a lack of probable cause for apprehension, the complainant's frisking, which gleaned a concealed gun, satisfied amendment IV conditions. Drawing from experience, Mcfadden had a logical… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

(NY: Penguin, 2004), 5.] [21: Mantri, G. Homegrown Terrorism. Harvard International Review, 33(1), 88.] Civil liberties guaranteed by the 4th amendment have been upended by the Patriot Act. The right to privacy that protects all Americans, including Muslim Americans, has been dissolved by this Act. National security has been posed as the excuse, but as the neo-conservative think tanks show, this idea of national security is merely a pretext for a new era of Manifest Destiny. This new era is distinctly related to the aims of American imperialists and Israeli interests in the Middle East. This is the reason that… Continue Reading...

Gerontology Aging and America

Older Americans Act (OAA) was first passed in 1965, alongside Medicare and Medicaid. Whereas Medicare and Medicaid offered extended insurance benefits through the federal government, the OAA established "the foundation for a system of services and supports that enables millions of older adults in this country to continue to live independently as they age," ("The Older Americans Act: Aging Well Since 1965," (The Older Americans Act: Aging Well Since 1965," n.d.). Along with its federal provisions, the OAA freed up grant money for the states to develop " community planning and social services, research and development projects, and training personnel… Continue Reading...

Hobby Lobby and First Amendment

On the Hobby Lobby case, the First amendment was challenged about whether it protected the religious beliefs of an employer when it comes to the decision not to pay for insurance meant for contraceptives. The Snyder vs. Phelps case was also related to religious picketing where the issue of sidewalk picketing was under the scrutiny of whether it was outrageous. The WBC church had held a picketing in a funeral and was found guilty of saying outrageous comments in a funeral. However, the Supreme Court of United States in an 8-1… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

female participation in elections, both as contesters and voters, before the 19th amendment's enforcement, its ratification on 18th August, 1920 ensured voting rights were extended to every woman in America[footnoteRef:2]. Ever since its ratification, US society has universally acknowledged female voting rights. [1: William W. Hodes, "Women and the Constitution" Rutgers L. Rev. 25 (1970): 26.] [2: Carol Lynn Yellin, "COUNTDOWN IN TENNESSEE" American Heritage 30, no. 1 (1978): 12.] The American Constitution's Nineteenth amendment accords an equal right to both males and females to vote. It asserts that the federal and state governments shall not curtail or deny… Continue Reading...

United States Vs Jones

subsequently employing it for tracking its movement on public roads, counted as a search-and-seizure operation under amendment IV? (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary) Facts of the Case Nightclub owner and manager Jones, the defendant in the case, was suspected of trafficking narcotic drugs. From information collected using a number of investigation methods, law enforcement officials were able to procure a warrant which authorized attaching a GPS tracker to Jones' wife's Jeep (which was never driven by anyone but Jones). However, the law enforcers didn't adhere to the deadline stipulated in the warrant and attached the tracker… Continue Reading...

California Vs Greenwood

proper warrant amounted to a violation of the Fourth amendment. The case under review touched on the protections extended by the law in the 4th amendment including the exclusionary limits. The question arises on what exactly the limit of an individual's privacy penumbra is. There is a question as to how an individual's trash content becomes public property. Is trash that has been removed from a person's house and prepared for collection property that can be subjected to public scrutiny? Does one's right to privacy extend all the way to the garbage dump? Should one expect privacy even after… Continue Reading...

Katz V United States

Issues before the Court Does the Constitutional amendment IV provide a safeguard for telephonic conversations carried out in a public telephone booth? Can secret recordings of such conversations be presented in the form of evidence in court trials (Katz v. United States)? Facts of the Case/Case Summary The petitioner in the case had been charged with infringing federal regulations by conveying wagering information via a public payphone (Katz v. United States). As evidence in the case trial, the government presented recordings of the petitioner’s conversation procured using a concealed listening device in the… Continue Reading...

Enactment Of the 19th Amendment Xix

amendment XIX Enactment of amendment XIX and its contribution to the achievement of equal female rights The enactment of the 19th amendment empowered women on many fronts. They were allowed to vote and consequently seized the opportunity to influence political decisions. The enactment saw the legalization of contraception and even abortion. There was economic empowerment too in the process. The more common availability of reproductive services and education doors increasingly opening up, more women enrolled in education institutions sought higher… Continue Reading...

Apple Vs Federal Government

is integral. Indeed, the right to privacy is a right expressly protected by the constitution in the First amendment. Amidst increased hacking concerns, the company created arguably the strongest encryption software to prevent access to data held in its devices through backdoor mechanisms -- the data can only be accessed using the user's master password. With its encryption techniques, it is impossible or extremely difficult for hackers and other cyber criminals to access private information held in Apple devices. This guarantees Apple customers absolute safety of their private information. Indeed, unlike most other mobile devices, the iPhone is now… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

Steps to success. HSE Publications, Sudbury 18) Construction (Design and Management) ( amendment) Regulations 2000 (SI 2000 No. 2380) 19) Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1966 (SI 1966 No. 95) 20) Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (SI 1999 No. 3242) 21) Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1988 (SI 1998 No. 2306) 22) Work at Height Regulations 2005 (SI 2005 No. 735) 23) Noise at Work Regulations 1989 (SI 1989/1790) 24) Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (SI 1998/2306) (as amended by SI 1999/ 860 and SI 1999/2001) 25) Supply of Machinery (Safety)… Continue Reading...

Terry V Ohio Court Case

Within the domain of criminal law, amendment IV’s safeguards with regard to searches and confiscations cover: Law enforcers’ physical capture or "seizure" of individuals, using stops or arrests;  And law enforcers’ inspections of articles and places wherein citizens lawfully expect their privacy to be respected (such as their person, homes, temporary lodgings (e.g., hotel rooms), offices, clothes, bags,cars, etc. (Search and Seizure and the Fourth amendment – FindLaw). amendment IV offers safeguards to citizens in matters related to investigations and arrests, and forbids the utilization of articles seized without authority as court-room evidence… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

police had no basis to detain her and had also breached her rights guaranteed by amendment IV. The Mapp v. Ohio case, Mapp’s appeal for her previous detention by Cleveland’s Police Department, is counted among the most popular twentieth-century Supreme Court-handled cases. amendment IV forbids unauthorized searches and seizures in American citizens’ homes, in addition to delineating citizens’ privacy rights. The chief issue in this case dealt with whether or not proof gathered in the course of a search operation that breached the constitutional amendment IV could be admitted in state courts. Attorney Kearns lodged an appeal notice and… Continue Reading...

Gensin Case

meetings 2. Presentation of the proposed categories divided by product and geographical area 3. Discussion and amendment to the proposed categories 4. Presentation of the potential suppliers who can meet the services for these different categories 5. Discussion regarding the potential suppliers 6. Determination of a shortlist to be contacted for further negotiation 7. Other issues Question 4 Involving the purchasing department in the acquisition of legal services will provide a number of benefits. The purchasing department are used to undertaking the seven stages, including categorisation of products of the purchase, which will facilitate value creation through the aggregation of those… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Second Amendment Case

the premise that the provisions of this Code violated the Second amendment. Heller argued that the Second amendment granted an individual the right to bear arms and the requirement for registration of handguns, prohibition on guns in the home without a registration certificate, and requiring trigger-locks for legitimate guns in the home violated the amendment. The lawsuit was dismissed by the district court but reversed by the District of Columbia Circuit on the premise that the Second amendment protects individual's right to bear arms. The U.S. Supreme Court later granted certiorari (U.S. Supreme Court, 2007). Issue: The issue in… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

6th, and 8th Amendments Impacted Scalia's relatively civil-libertarian view of amendment IV left several observers astonished. On particular matters, the Justice backed distinct rules in favor of law enforcement (e.g., the unbiased test for justifying a stop). But with regard to defining fairness and searches, Scalia's formalism and originalism philosophies ensured he supported rules which frequently facilitated crime (Slattery, et.al, 2016). For instance, consider the subject of how a search is defined. Any object plainly visible to law enforcement officers already legitimately present at the site can be seized without warrants. While a number of justices were ready to expand… Continue Reading...

The First Amendment and Texas Law

before the court in the two cases were related to the first amendment about the speech. Hate speech, in particular, was the concept that was analyzed. In Texas vs. Johnson, the issue was whether cross burning is one of the constituents of symbolic speech as provided by the First amendment. In Virginia vs. Black, the issue was whether cross burning statutes in Virginia or any other state as a prima facie evidence unconstitutional or not (Holzer, 649). The decision of the courts and the reasons In Texas vs. Johnson, the court ruled in favor of Johnson. It argued that… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

Court rulings can be overturned by a future U.S. Supreme Court decision or a constitutional amendment. Although similar to the Supreme Court in Norway, no further appeals can occur should a case reach the American Supreme Court. Although England has no Supreme Court, there is a Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. This court represents the ultimate court for any civil and criminal matters in Wales, England, and Northern Ireland. This change was made on October 1, 2009 and replaced the judicial functions of the judicial House of Lords. "the Supreme Court has been established to achieve a complete… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

in antebellum America. Prior to the Emancipation Proclamation and the Thirteenth amendment, slavery was a matter largely left up to the states. This allowed states to opt into the injustice of slavery, just as states can now effectively opt into the new Jim Crow. On the other hand, the states' rights version of the war on drugs allows for what American policy makers have long embraced: the art of compromise. A federalist removal of drug prohibition is a step that many Americans are not yet willing to take, especially conservatives who cling to the war on drugs because of… Continue Reading...

Redskin Illegal or Racist

the time. References Ameigh, S. (2017). Defending (Hateful) Speech: Westboro Baptist Church and the First amendment - TheHumanist.com. TheHumanist.com. Retrieved 25 April 2017, from https://thehumanist.com/commentary/defending-hateful-speech-westboro-baptist-church- and-the-first-amendment Cerullo, M. (2017). N.C. restaurant owner's business improves after he bans young children. nydailynews.com. Retrieved 25 April 2017, from http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/n-restaurant-owner-bans-young-children-business-improves-article-1.3016705 Cox, J., Clement, S., Vargas, T., Cox, J., Clement, S., & Vargas, T. (2017). New poll finds 9 in 10 Native Americans aren't offended by Redskins name. Washington Post. Retrieved 25 April 2017, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/new-poll-finds-9-in-10-native-americans-arent-offended-by-redskins-name/2016/05/18/3ea11cfa-161a-11e6-924d-838753295f9a_story.html?utm_term=.e41eb6401948 Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice in Gideon V Wainwright

prove, which means that those who use the public defendants are left without good representations as the Sixth amendment protects the indigent defendants. The best way to deal with this challenge is through ensuring that all the indigent counsels are paid the same amount as the prosecutors. This will ensure that they take the cases with some weight and will go an extra mile to conduct investigations and gather information that may help the defendant in his or her case. The other way is through changing the law to cater for the incompetence of the indigent defendants by requiring… Continue Reading...

American History During Early 20th Century

movement in influencing politics. The direct election of senators was also a Progressive era Constitutional amendment that increased the participatory nature of American democracy. Another cornerstone of progressivism was a real attempt to reform government through evidence-based practices. Relying on empiricism was a hallmark of the modern era, and the Progressives in America aimed to replace cronyism with science-based public policy. With rigorous scientific methodology still in its infancy, though, the effectiveness of progressive reforms would not be fully felt for another several generations. Although the movement had its weaknesses such as being led primarily by middle class white… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

later. Table of Legislation and Cases Pistols Act of 1903 1920 Firearms Act 1937 Firearms Act Firearms Ammendment Act 1988 1997 Firearms amendment Acts Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 European Firearms Directive 91/477/EC Amended Directive 2008/51/EC List of Abbreviations ASEO = academic search engine optimization CPRC = Crime Prevention Research Center EC = European Commission EU = European Union NATO = North Atlantic Treaty Organization Chapter 1: Introduction While literature on the relationship between firearm legislation and its impact on firearm-related violence exists, its quantity and quality is questionable. As Duquet and Van Alstein (2015) have shown, "studies investigating the correlations between gun ownership and… Continue Reading...

Requirements for an Information System

Reporting on Information Needs This report aims at establishing the process for managing records within the organization and marketing products. This report was requested by Michael Duffy Administration and Business Support Manager, based on the numerous complaints raised by staff regarding the hurdles they face when trying to access information from the current information system. The staff have explained that it is difficult for them to find information that is correct and up-to-date. There are also numerous brochures, and the staff is uncertain what brochures are correct. This leads to the wrong information being shared and provided to potential students… Continue Reading...

Minnesota Higher Education Committee Minutes and Review

that is to be allocated to colleges outside the metropolitan area. An amendment was offered by Sentator Fischbach and it was adopted. However, that bill itself was also set aside for future consideration with the omnibus bill. Finally, there was SF 1982. This bill is related to adjudication of fraud and/or the misrepresentation treatment modification. The bill was presented and, like the others, there as a testifier (that person on this bill was Nekey Oliver). This third bill was set aside for the omnibus as well. The meeting adjourned at 1:50 pm, about 50 minutes after it started. The… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

January 1, 1920 saw the start of national Prohibition that became effective via the Eighteenth amendment to the United States Constitution. The driving force behind the national banning of alcohol was the effects alcoholism brought on society. Many that proposed prohibition saw alcoholism as a reason for increased family violence, addition, and political corruption. Therefore, during the late 19th century and early 20th century, pockets of areas in the United States began enforcing alcohol prohibition. Those that supported it saw the act as a victory for public health and ethics. Nonetheless, what may have seemed like a huge victory… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Impact

stating that the federal Court has higher authority in interpreting Constitutional law, and hence that its Fourteenth amendment exposition in Brown stood as the supreme federal law (O'Neill, 793). The Court recently restated this perspective of its authority. After the Second World War, the U.S. judicial review enhanced the modern day judicial supremacy as well as the ad hoc harmonization of rival policy claims. The claims had also started in the second half of the 1800s and further developed during the 1930's New Deal jurisprudence. During the 1960s and 70s, the authority of the Supreme Court under the two… Continue Reading...

Different Theories for Managing Employee Relations

time the union required something they could seek an amendment and this resulted in the employers also seeking to gain more power. With the continuous trading and changing of the agreement, the employees' rights and powers were stifled, and the unions were no longer fighting for social justice. Initially, it had seemed like the best way to handle employee relations was to have collective bargaining agreements and the unions had seen it as having endless possibilities. However, this was not true. Management preferred the collective bargaining because it ensured that any struggle was handled within a bargaining context. Therefore,… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

most especially the election of President Donald Trump as well as the sustained agitation in favour of the 2nd amendment, there is a widespread expectation that the population of people who are in support of this social liberalism movement would enjoy a steady increase with time How might this ideological group impact political parties and elections? As clearly seen from the 2016 polls, the consistent growth the group in support of social liberalism is experiencing will cause political groups and elections to focus primarily on tackling and defending the problems of the electorate. A conclusion American liberalism can still… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

question of your own for discussion and attempt to provide a response to it. Video one: Bill of Rights Overview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXopINJmxkE Which amendment do YOU value most? I consider amendment I the most crucial aspect of the Constitution's Bill of Rights. WHY? amendment I safeguards the five most fundamental freedoms: speech, religion, assembly, press and the right of petitioning governmental bodies for righting any wrongs. The above safeguards were missed most by Antifederalists within the novel Constitution (Feinberg, 1987). Is our justice system better or worse than other systems around the world today? Accessible reports and scholarly works reveal that the American… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Judicial Philosophy, Social Security, and Political Realism in the U.s.

is protected by the Constitution based on the Fourteenth amendment. In this case, the Supreme Court limited the exercise of its own power on the premise that the Constitution does not provide an explicit right to marriage, but gay marriage is a fundamental right in the Fourteenth amendment's equal protection rights (Michaelson, 2015). Social Security Social Security is a trust fund that contains monetary reserves for survivors, the elderly, retirees and disability insurance programs (Fox Business, 2016). This trust fund has continued to play a crucial role in promoting the well-being of survivors, the elderly, retirees, and disabled individuals… Continue Reading...

Anti-bullying Bill in Texas

Blanton claimed schools need to meet a rather lofty bar owing to pupils’ amendment I rights. According to case law, districts can act if they can establish that any speech significantly disrupts the academic process (e.g., causing an educator to lose her control over the class). In case of a perceived threat, the district must ensure pupils are safeguarded and allow law enforcers to ascertain whether or not a given activity may be considered ‘criminal’ (Chiquillo, 2015). This bill that was ratified by all but 11 members has been labelled ‘David’s Law’, for David Molak, a sixteen-year-old who, tired… Continue Reading...

First Amendment and Broadcasting Content

First amendment rights are not absolute, particularly in regards to advertising. For example, there has been a great deal of pressure to regulate advertising directed at children that promotes unhealthy junk food. "There is a legal test for judging whether commercial speech qualifies for protection under the First amendment. Called the Central Hudson test, it says that such speech must be truthful and not 'actually or inherently misleading'" and it has been argued that much of commercial advertising targeting children takes advantage of a… Continue Reading...

Proposed Legislation in Nursing

How a Bill Becomes a Law In Chapter 17, we learned that after a member of the Congress proposes a bill, it is gazetted and then passed through the three stages of reading before being becoming a Law. The time required for a bill to pass through these stages varies depending on whether it is controversial or complex. In the first reading, the bill is introduced to the Congress, which signals that the legislative process has started. At this stage, there nothing much is done; the bill is just read out to the members. No debate happens at this stage.… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

conduct trials in Guantanamo Bay without adhering to the Jury Trial Clause of the Sixth amendment” (2013, p. 702). Beyond the foregoing, the naval base at Guantanamo Bay is enormously expensive and the U.S. is not receiving a good return on this investment even though Cuba refuses the $4,095 lease payment each year. For instance, according to Eichenwald (2014), “Macho preening does not enhance national security. Nor does lying. Or flushing away hundreds of millions of dollars. But somehow such nonsense has become accepted dogma among America's political conservatives when it comes to the Guantanamo Bay detention center” (p.… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

these programs do not violate the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act or the Fourth amendment to the Constitution” (p. 901). Certainly, whenever the U.S. government operates outside the purview of the public’s awareness, there is going to be suspicion and concern, but Yoo (2014) maintains that the U.S. government was absolutely correct in going after Snowden for his unauthorized disclosures of classified information  In this regard, Yoo emphasizes that, “Concerns about the proper balance between these surveillance programs and individual privacy may be appropriate, but these programs properly fall within the province of Congress and the President to set future… Continue Reading...

Student Loans Essay

Improving the Administration and Collection Process for Government-Sponsored Student Loans Introduction Today, tens of thousands of young people are mortgaging part of their future with student loans in order to obtain a higher education. In some cases, these students do not receive the full disclosure concerning repayment terms, creating a long-term hardship. To determine the facts, this paper provides an overview of government student loans and how the different actors on the student loan side are involved with helping the student borrowers with loans need to be held to a certain standard. The problem that is occurring is that the… Continue Reading...

U.s. Presidents 1789 to 1840

notion of a popular vote, which is why Congress helped ratify the Twelfth amendment to the Constitution. The Twelfth amendment secured separate voting for the President and Vice President (“Thomas Jefferson” 1). Jefferson might not have been responsible for drafting or even initiating the 12th amendment, but it was because of his role in federal politics that the amendment was ratified. The 1800 election essentially revealed flaws in the American federal electoral process, and those flaws were readily resolved. In addition to the mark both Jefferson and Monroe made on domestic politics and policies, both presidents played an important… Continue Reading...

The Right to Privacy

Again, the right to privacy is implicit in this part of the constitution. For instance, the first amendment enables the free exercise of religion and freedom of speech. Without privacy, these rights are meaningless. If everyone were privy to everything one said, people would have to considerably limit their speech to keep from offending others or incurring their disfavor. Thus, there is an element of privacy involved in the freedom of speech, as well as in the freedom to practice religion. The fact that the constitution specifically outlines these civil rights roots means that the right to privacy is… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

according to Greene (2007), is captured under the Fourth amendment. Therefore, any excessive act of aggression by a police officer during the arrest of a suspect would be in violation of the Fourth amendment. It is also important to note that as Greene (2007) observes, civil lawsuits can also be brought against police departments in those instances where persons feel that police went overboard during the apprehension of a suspect. Due to the lack of uniform guidelines relating to the use of force, there are a variety of policies that have been implemented by police departments in the past… Continue Reading...

Unreasonable Searches and Seizures Article Reviews

supporters of the action saw it as not a violation of the Fourth amendment’s ban on unreasonable searches and seizures, Ruth Bader Ginsberg worried that this would give the police a new tool to lie and wait, looking for an excuse to enter a home without consulting with a judge and obtaining a warrant as the law required. The case arose as a result of an incident in which a police officer accidentally entered an apartment in pursuit of a criminal suspected of drug offenses; however, the inhabitants were still smoking marijuana which the officer could smell from the… Continue Reading...

Self Defense Laws and Castle Doctrine

self-defense an important civil liberty and right, ensconced in the Second amendment of the Constitution. Because of Second amendment assurances, all Americans technically have the right to bear arms in self-defense. Some states have attempted to restrict Second amendment rights, but the vast majority of states have implemented “some statutory version” of the Castle Doctrine (“What is the Castle Doctrine,” n.d.). In fact, some states like Florida have taken the Castle Doctrine a step further to invoke what are commonly called “stand your ground laws.” Whereas the Castle Doctrine only applies to a person’s “castle,” or home and private… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

decided to add an enumerated a list of fundament rights for all Americans, they included the Second amendment to guarantee that citizens could own firearms – but they also recognized the need for substantive restrictions on this right. Nevertheless, gun control opponents draw on the Second amendment to the U.S. Constitution to support their inalienable right to own guns noting that it specifically stipulates that “… the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed,” but they also invariably omit the preface to this amendment which states:  “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to… Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

1. Executive summary While the extraction of natural gas by means of hydraulic fracturing is a decade- long practice, of late, it has witnessed immense development owing to advancements in the area of horizontal drilling which enables gas and oil operators to now harness earlier- unprofitable natural gas reserves within rock formations. Extant extraction- related policies combine state-federal alliances and voluntary endeavors by private organizations. More unprejudiced, scientific studies providing details on how fracturing and extraction potentially affect environmental media like water and air are essential, in addition to those focusing on natural gas surges’ long- term effects on local… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

OJ Simpson Versus the People: Impact on Criminal justice The American criminal justice process and system are responsible for shaping the present-day US laws; influential entities include even 19th-century governmental authorities and political leaders. The system, which comprises law enforcement bodies like local police forces, correctional facilities and criminal courts, was primarily created for ensuring American citizens’ safety. It constitutes a structural framework that facilitates the maintenance of law and order in American society (Zedner & Ashworth, 2012; \"Justice, Western Theories\", 2018; Baldwin, 1912).  According to Mueller (1996), the structuring of the US criminal justice system has gone through several… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

Abstract This paper examines the death penalty as a deterrent and argues that states have not only the right but the duty to apply the death penalty to criminal cases because it is incumbent upon states to back the law with force. The death penalty acts as a forceful and compelling consequence for those who should choose to violate the law and commit murder. For that reason it can be said to be a deterrent. This paper also examines the opposing arguments and shows that those would say it is not an effective deterrent cannot offer any quantitative proof for… Continue Reading...

Texas Constitution

The Texas Constitution: An Examination and Discussion On the most fundamental level, a constitution is a plan or contract between the government and the people governed. A constitution details the agreed-upon powers, responsibilities and limitations upon all involved parties, while asserting the proper procedure for action. The constitution is the foundation for all basic laws upon which the legal system rests. In the history of the existence of the state of Texas, seven separate constitutions have been drafted and approved, with the last one receiving approval on February 15, 1876. The preceding six constitutions were adopted during the following years:… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

Introduction The penning of the American Constitution during the 1787 Philadelphia convention was followed by its ratification. This formal process delineated within Article 7 necessitated at least 9 states’ agreement to implement the Constitution, prior to actually enacting it (Pole, 1987). Whilst the Federalists supported ratification, Anti-Federalists were against it. Those opposed to the constitution’s ratification claimed that it accorded disproportionate power to federal authorities, whilst robbing local and state bodies of their power, excessively. According to Anti-Federalists, the American federal government wouldn’t be able to adequately represent its citizens owing to the size of the nation and its population which deemed it impossible for… Continue Reading...

Donald Trump 2018 Political Issues

Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/trump-nixon-incompetent-dishonest-dean-772068 Posner, E. (2017). Trump could be Removed for Political Incompetence – Using the 25th amendment. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/trump-could-be-removed-for-political-incompetence--using-the-25th-amendment/2017/09/12/b6c62380-9718-11e7-82e4-f1076f6d6152_story.html?utm_term=.c8bc6540ce77 Raymond, A.L. (2017). British MPs Condemn ‘Racist’, ‘Incompetent’ Trump for Endorsing ‘Vile Fascist’ Group. Retrieved from http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2017/11/british-mps-condemn-racist-incompetent-trump.html Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

to pray; it was a voluntary provision. Yet federal courts recently ruled that Rowan County’s practices violated the First amendment of the Constitution, particularly the Establishment Clause. The Establishment Clause states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” (“Introduction to the Establishment Clause,” (n.d.). Even a cursory reading of the Establishment Clause shows that prohibiting commissioners from praying during the public meetings violates the First amendment by “prohibiting the free exercise” of religion. Therefore, when the Supreme Court finally makes its deliberations in Rowan County v. Lund, it should rule… Continue Reading...

Slavery the Genocide Of Native Americans and Crime

Civil War and Reconstruction Question 2: What does the Civil War show that failed in the United States in this period? The Civil War and its aftermath showed that the United States failed to create a cohesive national character and ethical identity. The nation was truly divided, symbolized by the fact that Abraham Lincoln received not a single Southern electoral vote, and less than half of the popular vote, but still became President (Slide 5). The majority of Southerners allied themselves with the Southern Democrat platform, and failed to align their outdated beliefs about race and economic exploitation with the… Continue Reading...

21st Century Cures Act

Policy Overview The Cures Act that was enacted on 13th Dec. 2016 is meant to expedite the process of medical product development. It is also aimed at making it possible for new innovations in the medical field to reach the intended beneficiaries (the patients) faster. The law derives inspiration from work by FDA to include the views of patients into drug development, biological devices and products in the process of making decisions by the FDA. The ability to modernize clinical trial plans and outcome assessments; which will hasten the review of novel products in the medical field, and creation of… Continue Reading...

Organizational Diagnostic Models Jakks Pacific

According to Cummings and Worley (2014), the relevance of organizational diagnostic models cannot be overstated when it comes to the identification of the appropriate data required to highlight the deficiencies as well as strengths of a company, and the existing opportunities to improve operations and processes. For this discussion, the following organizational diagnostic models will be highlighted; the 7S model, the congruence model, the Burke-Litwin model, Leavitt’s model, force field analysis, and the Weisbord’s six-box model. The 7S Model This model seeks to highlight the organizational design of an entity by focusing of seven primary internal elements. The said elements… Continue Reading...

Hawaii Language Culture and Affirmative Action

is related to the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth amendment. This is the “reverse discrimination” argument, and also ties into the unfair treatment argument. The reason for affirmative action is not to discriminate; quite the opposite, affirmative action is activism on behalf of disadvantaged groups. Helping a disadvantaged group is not favoritism and is not unfair when some groups are systematically disadvantaged versus other groups. Kelly and Sharma talk about the ways women and minorities have been systematically discriminated against in ways that are not even embedded in official policies, but in unconscious practices. For example, a student… Continue Reading...

National Anthem Protest Essay

are fair, or you could use that idea to bolster arguments in an essay about the kneeling controversy. The First amendment- The freedom of speech is one of the most misunderstood of our Constitutional Rights.  You could write an exploratory essay about the freedom of speech, examining whether a private employer, like the NFL, has the right to compel employees to engage in political speech that is not directly related to performing their job-related duties.  Is there a fundamental difference between requiring a singer to perform the National Anthem as part of a performance contract and requiring football players to… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

with a specific profile, intentionally harnessing fears, such as the fear of losing any rights under the Second amendment or the fear of immigrants, to push people to vote for Trump.  This use of advertising and even propaganda in an election is not unprecedented; what was unprecedented was the ability to specifically target ads based on personality profiles.  This is believed to have had a significant influence on the 2016 election; although Hillary Clinton was a clear winner in terms of the popular vote, Trump was able to maximize a very small number of votes in key swing states… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

Roe v. Wade was and continues to be in direct violation of the 14th amendment. The 14th amendment is a very special and important part of legal history in the United States, one that was deemed crucial to add to the constitution after the Civil War ended. It asserts: “No State shall ... deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." However Supreme Court’s finding in Roe v. Wade erased all law protecting unborn children, who apparently aren’t people in… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Security

speaking at a Holiday Inn at a rally for the 2nd amendment supporters. A separate group of anti-gun protestors has already announced that it will picket the event. A third group of white nationalists has also pledged to come to the event to protest against the anti-gun protestors. Anti-Trump protestors have announced on Facebook that they too will be protesting the event and picketing with the anti-gun protestors. Parkland students are also set to arrive bringing the media in tow. Four death threats have been sent to the Holiday Inn, threatening it with violence should the rally proceed. Both… Continue Reading...

Literary Analysis Of Speech "we're on Our Way" Essay

matter what the Constitution says, and many decades after passing the fifteenth amendment, institutionalized racism remains real and was so even more poignantly during the days of Jim Crow. Fannie Lou Hamer spoke out against racism in America on the cusp of the Civil Rights movement, at a critical moment in American history. Delivered to a community meeting in 1964, Hamer’s speech “We’re On Our Way” motivates her audience to take action and demand all rights and freedoms rather than passively accept oppression. One of the cornerstone themes of Hamer’s address is the need to be unafraid of exercising… Continue Reading...

Miranda Vs. Arizona Case Brief Essay

defendants of their constitutional rights against self-incrimination under the Fifth amendment to the U.S. Constitution before interrogation. Arguments or Objectives of the Parties: The defense counsel representing Ernesto Miranda objected the admission of the written confession into evidence on the basis that Miranda was not notified of his constitutional rights under the Fifth amendment. This argument was based on the fact that police officers admitted that they did not advice Miranda of his right to an attorney and read out his right to voluntary confession prior to obtaining an oral confession from him.  Therefore, the objective of the defense… Continue Reading...

Freedom and Bondage Essay

Louis Gates, Jr., writes (in a PBS article) that while many assume after the 13th amendment (freeing slaves), free blacks headed north “just as soon as they could, right?” (Gates, 2007). It is “remarkable,” Gates explains, to learn that in 1860, there were 226,152 free blacks living in the North, and 261,918 free blacks living in the South. His point is, once free, why wouldn’t blacks move North where a larger share of the population (than the South) would welcome them? Given the times (months before the creation of the Confederacy), why would those free blacks (there were 35,766… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

2014). The US Constitution expressly forbids cruel and unusual punishments under the Eighth amendment of the Bill of Rights. The question of whether the death penalty is cruel and unusual has been hotly debated. It may come as a surprise that as early as the mid-nineteenth century there was a robust movement to abolish the death penalty and many states elected to do so. In 1846, Michigan abolished the death penalty, followed by Rhode Island in 1852 (Reggio 2014). The abolitionist movement was extremely influential in supporting the abolishment of capital punishment as well. However, even while many states… Continue Reading...

Gun Control Essay

Gun Control on Violence How Gun Control Influences Gun Violence Topics Gun Control and the Second amendment Countries that Ban Guns Gun Control and the Safety of the Public Gun Control Laws Outline I  Introduction II.  Body A.  Background B.  Understanding Gun Control C.  Pro-Gun Control D.  Against Gun Control E.  Countries that have Low-Tolerance for Gun Ownership III.  Conclusion Gun Control: Examining Both Sides   Introduction Essay Hook American citizens own almost 50% of the total number of civilian guns in the world. Gun ownership is a right sanctioned by the American Constitution under the Second amendment. With the U.S. population… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

lawmakers of the need to pass a “Human Life amendment” that would classify human fetuses and even embryos as constitutional persons (Bergmann, 2013. Despite this setback, it is reasonable to posit that the pro-life movement is having some effects on abortion rates in the United States based on current statistics. For example, the results of a 2014 study conducted by the Guttmacher Institute determined that both abortion rates and ratios have experienced a modest decline in recent years. The study found that in 2011, 1.05 million abortions were performed in the U.S. compared to 1.6 million in 1990, the… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality Essay

weapons on the crowds and by repeatedly violating the First amendment rights of protestors and the press who had gathered to document the protests.  “On Aug. 13, 2014, police in Ferguson, Missouri, assaulted and arrested two journalists for allegedly failing to exit a McDonald’s quickly enough while on a break from covering the protests” (Sandvik, 2014).   Although the prosecutor presented the case to the grand jury, they refused to indict Wilson, which resulted in renewed protests. While Alicia Garza, Opal Tometi, and Patrisse Cullors created the Black Lives Matter movement in response to George Zimmerman killing an unarmed Trayvon… Continue Reading...

Argument in Favor Of the Life in Prison over Execution

overturns convictions often enough to render the death penalty unreasonable. Moreover, the Eighth amendment to the Constitution forbids the use of “cruel and unusual punishment.” While state-sanctioned executions are not unusual and are no less cruel than a prison sentence, capital punishment has a permanency that is both cruel and unusual. If evidence were to surface that exonerated the individual, there is no possibility of overturning a death sentence. The family of the wrongfully accused would suffer tremendously, and the general public would lose faith in the efficacy of a system that would kill the innocent. Another reason why… Continue Reading...

Will Congress End the War on Terror

the AUMF last year and “the Senate voted 61-36 in a procedural motion to kill Paul’s amendment” (Herb, 2017). With Iran now in the cross-hairs of the White House, which has identified it as the biggest sponsor of terrorism in the world, it looks as though meaningful change to the AUMF in terms of repeal is unlikely. Additionally, Israel is one of the biggest proponents of taking aim at Iran and the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is a huge lobby that empowers many members of Congress—so much so that at times it seems like what Israel wants,… Continue Reading...

The Development Of Women Rights

Women Activists Dilemma to support or Oppose the 15th amendment as evidenced by the split in the Women’s suffrage Movement Introduction After the Civil war, three amendments were passed which massively transformed the women’s rights movement. These were the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments. The thirteenth amendment approved in the year 1865 declared slavery illegal (Parker, 1849). Thus, all the women who were previously enslaved became free and acquired protection by human rights. The fourteenth amendment declared that everyone born in the U.S was a legal U.S citizen and should not be deprived off their rights including all… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Arguments for and Against Gun Control

of guns. The side that is against gun control will typically cite Second amendment rights (Elving, 2018), the right to bear arms. This right is interpreted by this side liberally and broadly, as to mean that the right is immutable, and should exist without restriction. Any restriction on the right to bear arms, therefore, is unacceptable. There are certainly nuances within individuals, but the immutability of this right is the core element of the argument against any particular gun control. In standing against gun control, the logical flow of the argument rests on the Second amendment rights, and particular interpretations… Continue Reading...

Boston Marathon Bombings

safety outweigh suspects’ rights to be informed concerning their Fifth amendment rights (Lonky, 2017). In other words, the investigators knew the law and used it to their best advantage in an effort to get the facts they needed to determine if there was a larger conspiracy involved, whether other terrorist attacks were imminent and the older brother’s role in perpetrating the Boston Marathon attacks. Moreover, it is to the credit of the leaders of the city of Boston and other sponsoring cities that the infrastructure was already in place in the event of natural or manmade disasters at this… Continue Reading...

Equal Rights Act 1922 and Beyond

the passing of the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would promote a parallel amendment to the Constitution guaranteeing the rights of women. Florence Kelley, on the other hand, opposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, claiming that women need different laws from men because they are biologically different. Kelley assumes that passing the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would also entail the removal of special protections of women, who the author believes are vulnerable and in fact, weak. While Kelley is correct to point out that racial discrimination also needs to be taken into account, her attitudes towards equal protection are categorically… Continue Reading...

Discussion Of Different Logical Fallacies

the right to own guns because of the Second amendment. Referring to the Second amendment is fine, because it is the grounds for Constitutional law. In this sense, the Inadequate Authority logical fallacy is also being invoked in this case. The means by which the Second amendment is interpreted is the crux of the issue. Even when the audience does agree that the Second amendment is an important right, that right does not necessarily include textual evidence supporting the possession of automatic weapons and assault rifles. To strengthen this argument, it would be best to dissect it and reach… Continue Reading...

Freedom Of Speech and How It Is Necessary

understand free speech and don’t know that it is guaranteed by the First amendment,” (Strauss, 2017, p. 1). The reason why I am writing about freedom of speech in relation to the reaction to Kaepernick is that the First amendment encompasses the fundamental rights and freedoms fundamental to democracy. The goal of the paper is to explain the facts of the case through the lens of both ethics and constitutional law. Ultimately, I want to demonstrate to the audience why a democracy cannot function without freedom of speech. I also want to show why protesting something symbolic like the… Continue Reading...

911 Commission Report Intelligence and Information Sharing

could have. A company like Google would want to guard its own interests. The US 4th amendment was put in place to guard the people against unreasonable seizures and searches (Whittaker, 2013). Google is not fully subject to this regulation. These multinational technology companies use consumer information to make money (Whittaker, 2013). These companies work hard to restrict the government from accessing their cloud information. Google for instance is working hard to enforce measures aimed at restricting the government from accessing its digital communication information. The US government requests information from these multinational technology companies (Google, Apple, Yahoo, Facebook… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

stakeholders. Taking this into consideration, it is vital to present up-to-date supporting and germane evidence for the amendment that demonstrates that the inclusion of this program will improve the health of adults in the state by reducing the obesity and overweight rates. Ethical and Legal Considerations The Nurses Code of Ethics, provisions seven through to nine clearly outline the responsibilities that nurses play as patient advocates, addition to policy development and the progression of health, and safeguarding of human rights. There is also the role of reducing inequities in health care and collaborating in the provision of care that… Continue Reading...

United States Gun Control Pros Cons

The Second amendment to the Constitution states, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed,” (United States Constitution). Because few contemporary gun owners would describe themselves as being part of a “well regulated militia,” the relevance of the Second amendment becomes increasingly spurious. Mass shootings, firearm accidents, and other gun-related deaths are disproportionately high in the United States, but assessing causality remains one of the greatest… Continue Reading...

Berg Versus Allied Security Inc

Berg sought authority to amend the complaint and the circuit court, on 15th October, denied her the reconsideration. The amendment Leave was also denied on 21st November. The plaintiff filed an appeal on the 26th of November 1996 (Rathje 1). In their arguments, the defendants noted that the appeal time was bad even though the plaintiff filed it less than one week following the decision from the circuit court. According to the defendants, the plaintiff’s motion had no post-judgment qualification as a motion under the civil procedure code section 2-1203. According to the defendants, the thirty days taken before… Continue Reading...

Student Discipline and Bullying

guilty. In the Goss v. Lopez case as analyzed by Schimmel (2018) the Supreme Court quoted the 14th amendment highlighting the clause on due process. The clause, when interpreted on the bullying incident, meant that any school student faced with suspension have the right to be notified and to receive hearing. The Goss v. Lopez case entailed a student by the name Dwight Lopez who was accused alongside 8 other students schooling in various Columbus schools. The students were suspended for the allegation of misconduct. Prior to the suspension the students did not receive any hearing and for that… Continue Reading...

Rousseau Social Contract Theory

Introduction Several theorists have used social contract theory to understand the government’s role in taking care of the public and addressing the public’s needs. Current political issues offer further examination of social contract theory and how it may help with understanding government obligation and public participation. Rousseau's social contract theory is best and most relevant for understanding and offering solutions to contemporary political issues like mandatory vaccination, taxation, and universal healthcare because it offers a foundation from which to explain the perceived obligations of both the government and the public. Rousseau’s version of social contract theory contrasted against other theorists… Continue Reading...

State Vs Federal Crime

and made it a federal offense punishable by death” (Hickey, 2003, p. 272). Later on, an amendment to this law permitted the FBI to pursue all kidnapping instances “after 24 hours, even within state lines” (Hickey, 2003, p. 272). Kidnapping as a State Offense Kidnapping charges, it should be noted from the onset, vary from one state to another. Having said that, the prosecution of a majority of kidnapping cases takes place at the state level. According to Pollock (2015), kidnapping is considered a state crime in the absence of interstate elements. In the words of the author, “state… Continue Reading...

A Brief History Of Medicare and Medicaid

The latter effort also failed miserably (Piatak, 2015). Nevertheless, in 1965, The Social Security amendment Bill was passed under President Lyndon Johnson. The bill was passed in both the House and the Senate with 307 and 70 votes respectively. The Act of 1965 had two parts: which were later named Medicaid and Medicare (Piatak, 2015). Johnson was modest at the signing of the Act by crediting former President Truman for initiating the process. Populations that they are intended to serve President Lyndon Johnson finally signed into law the Medicaid and Medicare implementation bill on 30th July 1965. Early in the day,… Continue Reading...