Bacteria Essays


Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

High-Risk Pregnancies Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is… Continue Reading...

Bacteria and Viruses

What are bacteria and Viruses? The most palpable variance between bacteria and viruses is their size. Whereas both bacteria and viruses are too tiny to notice with the naked eye, most bacteria are about one micrometer in length and can be perceived with a good optical microscope. On the other hand, viruses are smaller than the wavelength of visible light, which implies that they can be solely perceived by using an electron microscope (Nursing Times, 2006). Infection, every so often the initial phase, takes place when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

High-Risk Pregnancies Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is… Continue Reading...

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Myelodysplastic Syndromes, which were previously considered rare, are currently known as some of the most frequently occurring hematological neoplasms, perhaps affecting over 30,000 patients each year within the U.S. The nation's regulatory permission of lenalidomide, azacitidine and decitabine, from 2004 to 2006 appeared to indicate a new age in the improvement of therapy for disease modification for these disorders. However, no indications of drugs being approved for MDS appear to be present in the U.S. for the past 8 years. There are no curative drugs available so far. However, some compounds under development may be approved soon. Consequently, diagnoses of… Continue Reading...

Public Health Information

What are bacteria and Viruses? The most basic difference between bacteria and viruses is their size. Whereas both bacteria and viruses are too tiny to notice with the naked eye, most bacteria are about one micrometer in length and can be perceived with a good optical microscope. On the other hand, viruses are smaller than the wavelength of visible light, which suggests that they can only be perceived by using an electron microscope (Nursing Times, 2006). Infection, every so often the initial… Continue Reading...

Main Systems Of Human Body

functions like metabolism, sex, growth, etc. The body's immune system protects it from harmful pathogens like bacteria and viruses. The human lymphatic system encompasses lymph nodes, vessels and ducts, and contributes to body defense. It is chiefly responsible for the lymph fluid's synthesis and transportation. Lymph contains WBCs that fight infection. Our nervous system regulates involuntary (e.g., breathing) as well as voluntary action (e.g. conscious movement), and transmits signals across the body. Further, the muscular system with its roughly 650 muscles facilitates body functions like movement and blood flow. Muscles are categorized as: skeletal muscles, linked to bone, which… Continue Reading...

Application for Medicine Studies Motivational

few years or decades ago may not be relevant today. For example, bacteria keep on evolving and becoming immune to medication, meaning stronger treatment interventions have to be found. I find this aspect quite appealing as I desire something that challenges me to get out of my comfort zone. However, some people may find it challenging, in large part due to the long hours involved. In fact, most people are reluctant to undertake medicine studies due to the challenge of work-life balance. Nonetheless, I strongly believe that by the time one is through with school training, the hours become… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

HSMS Gap Analysis and Hazard Identification Risk Assessments Description of APM Terminals Legal Environment Review of the Health and Safety Management System Description Gap Analysis Hazard Identification Physical Hazards Health and Welfare Hazards Risk Assessment Physical Hazard -- Working at Height - Scaffolding Health & Welfare Hazard -- Noise Action Plans Action Plan 1 - Management System Action Plan 2 -- Hazards and Risks Barbour Checklist: BS OHSAS 18001 Audit Checklist Occupational health and safety management has numerous benefits for business, not only an employer's duty of care, a legal and moral obligation but also critical part of business equal… Continue Reading...

Use Of Chlorhexidine to Prevent Healthcare Associated Infections

of contamination during the surgery operations. We place emphasize in preventing the HAIs because  HAIs are the multi-resistance bacteria that increase the morbidity, mortality, longer stay in the hospital, and leading to an increase in the costs of care. (Karki, & Cheng, 2012). A colonization of bacteria resistance often increases the risks of infection among inpatients. Thus, we place emphasizes in chlorhexidine gluconate because a whole-body bathing with water soaked with CHG is an effective approach to reducing bacteria density on patient’s skin. Moreover, the method assists in reducing the risks of transmission of bacteria from one patient to… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Climate Change

warmer waters experienced throughout the world. The increased appearance of 'black water' or Sulphur-eating bacteria is also on the rise. The Florida coast has seen a large area of black water surface with images taken in March of 2002" (Jorgensen & Fath, 2014). This black water, caused by such bacteria, led to the Permian mass extinction event. Such an event could be replicated thanks to the oil drilling that allows such bacteria to escape to the surface of oceans and seas and replicate due to the favorable environment such oil activity produces (McElhiney & Hardy, 1996). The last bit… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Steroids and Hgh

Ergogenic Aid When discussing and pondering the broader subject of steroids and other substances that aid the body in getting stronger and healthier, one word or term that is likely to come to mind is “anabolic”. However, the use and employment of steroids and supplements has multiple layers and types that must be considered. One of the other terms to consider is ergogenic. Regardless of the type of steroid or body aid, there is an intended and desired effect on performance. There is also the related, yet different, use of what is known as human growth hormone, or HGH. As… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Introduction Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

Introduction Digital Disease Detection, commonly referred to as digital epidemiology provided strategies and methods for allowing digital-technology users to monitor infectious disease and conduct surveillance. These strategies help in the understanding of concerns and attitudes regarding infectious diseases. The process begins with the basics, such as the availability of internet access, online sharing platforms and other digital devices. These sources offer huge amounts of data. It is important to note that while these sources collect data, they do not, do so, with public health objectives in focus (Denecke, 2017). The past few decades have seen tremendous changes in the world.… Continue Reading...

Pepsico Organizational Change Caused by Aquafina Water

particles were stripped out using carbon filters. Since the water had been cleaned of even particles that destroy bacteria, ozone was added to stop bacteria from multiplying. Pepsi earned profits through licensing the right to use its Aquafina market name to bottlers. These bottlers bought and installed the equipment for filtration (McKay, 2002). The process of communicating change to employers The advantage of water is that it is consumed any time. About a third of American households have yet to taste bottled water. In the past, bottled water targeted women and the consumers on the high end, Pepsi intended… Continue Reading...

Mass Extinctions and Climate Change

1. The bookmarks indicated the following six events: · Formation of the earth and moon 4.6 billion years ago · Earliest life, 3.9 billion years ago · Early land plants 420 million years ago · Largest mass extinction 248 million years ago · Dinosaur extinction 65 million years ago · "Lucy", early hominid, 4 million years ago 2. In the Archaean period, there are cyanobacteria and stromatites. 3. The three periods of time that are described as eras are the Paleozoic, the Mesozoic, and the Cenozoic. 4. There are five mass extinction events listed. They are: End-Orcovician, where many types… Continue Reading...

Pathophysiology Of Gastric Acid Stimulation and Production

that are secreted by the stomach glands aimed at breaking down solid food and to kill bacteria in the stomach are referred to as gastric juices. Gastric acid is produced by the gastric parietal cell located on the walls of the stomach. The region where the gastric juices are secreted into the lumen is the most acidic environment in the human body and is known as the secretory canaliculus (Schubert & Peura, 2008). The secretion of the gastric acid into the lumen occurs in response to a variety of messages from the paracrine, hormonal, and neurocrine inputs. Gastrin, produced… Continue Reading...

Advanced Practice Nurse Adaptive Response

scenario is throat infection of tonsillitis. According to Bathala and Eccles (2013) this infection could have been caused by bacteria known as streptococcus, which causes the inflammation of the tonsils and also affects the surrounding areas. The body\'s adaptive responses to the throat infection are having a hurting throat and fever. Jennifer experiencing a high than normal temperature is one of her body\'s adaptive responses when her body cells are fighting the virus or bacterial infection. The body could also react through dysphasia, headaches, and loss of appetite. The child is also experiencing tympanic membranes that are reddened on… Continue Reading...

The Zika Virus Threat to the United States

Abstract Zika, that was identified accidentally in Uganda in 1947 in the midst of insect and primate monitoring, had so far stayed as a hidden virus limited to a slim equatorial belt functioning along Africa and running into Parts of Asia. Not much is known with regards to ZIKV’s release in the US. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the virus originated with the French Polynesian ZIKV force came into Brazil around May and Dec of 2013. The unparalleled dimension and impact from the ZIKV pandemic within the Americas could be the all-natural consequence of a unique release right into a big… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Foods

interfering with natural and the natural order. GMO foods have given rise to super weeds and to anti-biotic resistant bacteria and other oddities of nature. More concerning, is the multi-faceted impact it can have on the human body and the complex and delicate human systems. For example, the viral DNA used in plants is not completely understood: “Most of the manipulated crops utilize the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S promoter (CaMV35S) to switch on the introduced gene. There has been a lot of controversy concerning whether the highly infectious CaMV35S can be horizontally transferred and cause disease, carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, reactivation… Continue Reading...

Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

curable in the sense that taking antibiotics will completely rid the body of bacteria (Badawi, Shering, Rahman, & Lindsay, 2017). However, some people have been able to eradicate the bacterial infection, thus returning to asymptomatic life. Those many that do not find a cure in standard treatment, must deal with the lifelong symptoms associated with Lyme disease. Lyme disease and to a lesser extent, Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, have led to increased awareness of tick-borne diseases and what people should do to prevent infection. Lyme Disease The main culprit behind Lyme disease are tick bites from the deer tick… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Organisms Gmo

the seeds that yield fruits and vegetables are derived from foreign species like bacteria and viruses (). These bacteria and viruses can cause harm to the human body in the form of sterility, allergic reactions, and deceased livestock. For example, one article noted that GMO corn may change the histological structure of living organisms if they consume it long-term. The animal they experimented on were two albino adult male rats. “Marked ultrastructural changes of some enterocytes with focal loss of the microvillous border were observed. Some enterocytes had vacuolated cytoplasm, swollen mitochondria with disrupted cristae and dilated rough endoplasmic… Continue Reading...

Antimicrobial Agents

they are often over-prescribed, antimicrobial agents are a critical defense against microbial infections. The sources of microbial infections include bacteria, viruses, funguses, and parasites. Therefore, the key categories of antimicrobial pharmaceutical agents are antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoal, and antiviral drugs. Sometimes the terms antibiotic, antimicrobial, and anti-infective are used interchangeably, but it is crucial to differentiate between the type of infection in order to choose the appropriate antimicrobial agent (Leekha, Terrell, & Edson, 2011, p. 156). Incorrect treatment can lead to deleterious results including resistance. There are several different ways to classify antimicrobial agents, and likewise, different methods of determining… Continue Reading...

Clinical Diagnosis Of Patient Condition

can also be cultured over a few days to see whether infectious bacteria or yeast can be detected” (nih.gov). The patient also needs to have another pap smear immediately. “The effects of human papilloma virus (HPV), which causes genital warts and cervical cancer, can be detected in a woman when her health care provider performs a pap smear test and takes samples of cells from the cervix to be checked microscopically for abnormal changes” (nih.gov). Hence, it would definitely be worthwhile to engage in a pap smear to see if any abnormalities arose in the findings. Conducting a comprehensive… Continue Reading...

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Mrsa and Lyme Disease

what are commonly referred to as coinfections, i.e. a variety of other disease-causing parasites as well as viruses and bacteria. Those living in wooded areas have a high likelihood of getting Lyme disease, as are persons whose domestic animals loiter around areas that are wooded. Diagnosis CDC (2018) points out that Lyme disease is diagnosed on the basis of “symptoms, physical findings (e.g. rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks.” In essence, according to Murray and Shapiro (2010) the disease’s clinical manifestations are grouped into the following brackets: a) Early localized disease b) Early disseminated disease c)… Continue Reading...

Patient Analysis for a Nurse Practitioner

1. Subjective Patient’s chief complaint, reason for visit Ms. Richards arrived complaining that she was experiencing severe anal pain, so much so that using a tissue was also proving impossible. She claimed the pain began a couple of days earlier and has aggravated considerably since. History of Present Illness Ms. Richards arrived complaining of anal pain which commenced a couple of days earlier and has aggravated since. With regard to her intimate relationships, Ms. Richards states that though she has a boyfriend, their relationship isn’t serious as the two are also seeing other people. According to internal assessment reports, patient… Continue Reading...

Differences in Competencies Between the Adn Versus the Bsn Nurse

While some might argue that there’s no real difference when it comes to a nurse prepared at the associate-degree (ADN) level versus the baccalaureate-degree (BSN) level, this is actually not as accurate as some would have you believe. Some people argue that for a nurse, the most important thing is years of education under their belt, and that as long as they have a basic education, that’s all that matters. Experience is crucial to excellence in any profession, particularly in the field of medicine and professional healthcare. However, there are still some rather stark differences between a nurse with an… Continue Reading...

Obesity Randomized Control Trial

age group ( eating patterns, sleeping patterns, social factors to do with the family and intestinal bacteria), and how such factors influence the prevention of obesity among children between 1 to 6 years. · To unveil and analyze intervention barriers (Sobko et al. 2011) Benefits of the Study The Early STOPP design seeks to overcome previous research weaknesses by enlisting participants from a population that is better characterized. It defines an intervention that is based on a theory, and is feasible; one that assesses multiple measurements meant for the validation and interpretation of the effectiveness of the program. Obesity… Continue Reading...

Homeostasis Its Effect on the Critically Ill

the Critically Ill The conventional way or alleviating infection is reducing bacteria exposure among the critically ill. The process entails disinfection, surveillance and absolute hygiene as well as selective decontamination. Recent findings suggest that bacterial colonization is only the symptom of the nosocomial infection and not the cause. The two suggested strategies for alleviating infection include better control of glucose in the blood and early restriction of macronutrients as previously discussed (Ingels, Vanhorebeek & Van, 2018). When critically ill, hyperglycemia becomes an expected response to stress. It is this hyperglycemia that causes mortality and morbidity. Sustained normal glycemic levels through… Continue Reading...

Using Drugs to Treat Hepatitis C

Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders While it is suspected that the patient HL is suffering from a possible GI/hepatobiliary disorder, more information is required before making a diagnosis of this nature. The patient’s personal history needs to be expanded upon and a physical examination should be conducted to verify any signs and symptoms in order to complete a diagnosis. The patient is suffering from nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The symptoms indicate that a diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatobiliary disorders are affecting the patient. Culver and Chapman (2016) indicate that hepatobiliary disease is commonly associated with extremely low CD4+ counts,… Continue Reading...

How Modern Medicine Was Developed

were now being made and this improved the treatment of disease. Having understood that diseases are caused by external bacteria that infect an individual's organs allowed the physicians to develop treatments that could ensure the body is able to fight off the bacteria. Prevention was now not focused on maintaining a proper balance, but rather on how best an individual can ensure that they do not get infected by particular bacteria. French Clinical medicine required that the doctor or physician diagnoses a patient using tests and investigations and in case the patient died, the physician would follow them to… Continue Reading...

Nursing Antibacterial Antimicrobial Antiviral Agents

Agents Antimicrobial agents refer to a broad classification of molecules that either kill or suppress the growth or multiplication of bacteria, fungi, viruses, protozoa, and helmiths (Greenwood & Irving, 2012; Musumeci & Puglisi, 2013). According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2016), antimicrobials can be classified in various ways such as which microorganisms they target (such as antibacterial versus antiviral agents), their mechanisms or methods of intervention (such as penetration of cellular walls), or their utility in human medicine given some are considered “critically important,” due to their prevention of disease and death (p. 9). Because antimicrobial pharmacotherapy can lead… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Hsv

related. One possible condition as a differential diagnosis is folliculitis. It is frequently caused by yeast/ bacteria at the base of the vulva’s hair follicle (Eichenfield, Frieden, Zaenglein, & Mathes, 2014). Although the bumps were not described as inflamed, they are rough feeling. Another possible condition is clogged sweat glands. Tiny blister-like bumps that ooze fluid and itch could develop from the condition called hidradenitis supprativa (Micali, 2017). While patient AB stated the bumps did not hurt, she has not stated if she has scratched them. It could early stages of the condition. The last differential diagnosis is sebaceous cysts. They… Continue Reading...

Salmonella Infection

Salmonella Infection The salmonella bacteria had been the twentieth century’s archetypical organism causing food poisoning, highly notorious for the 1988-89 crisis of salmonella in eggs. By that time, however, it had already been a topic of scientific and public health focus for more than a hundred years. Previously linked to animal foods, phage typing’s introduction during the 1940s started revealing the complex nature of its associations with its environment (Hardy, 2004). Epidemiological Triangle The Agent The salmonella bacterium resides in living beings’ intestines. A majority of individuals contract salmonella infection… Continue Reading...

Acute Asthma

Asthma Asthma represents a lasting inflammatory airway condition characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the airways accompanied by repeated episodes of breathlessness, coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. Such episodes have commonly been linked to airflow blocks which can be spontaneously reversed or sometimes require medication. Roughly three hundred million individuals worldwide suffer from asthma. Among children, boys exhibit greater asthma risk whilst among adults, women exhibit greater prevalence. A grasp of the condition’s pathophysiology (both acute and chronic forms) will facilitate an understanding of how to diagnose and treat patients suffering from it. Experts’ asthma pathogenesis knowledge has greatly evolved during the… Continue Reading...

Flint Water Crisis

stakeholders in the water industry were well aware of potential problems including corrosion, contamination, and bacteria (Masten and Davies 2016:23) Within months of the switch to Flint River water, residents complained in droves of problems like rashes, discoloration, and bad taste, and tests revealed the presence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) and total coliform, which led subsequently to boil water advisories and violations of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) (Masten and Davies 2016:23). For years, testing remained conclusive: the water in Flint was unsafe. Yet nothing was done, and the situation remains unresolved, with several lawsuits pending (Gostin… Continue Reading...

The Risks Of Hair Transplant

inflamed. This condition is known as foliculitis, and typically results from a bacterial infection. If bacteria get into the hole where the hair is transplanted the risk of infection has to be considered—which is why this is the number one indirect effect of the procedure. However, because one is also transplanting hair, the integumentary system may reject it ultimately and cause the hair to grow in that spot irregularly or not at all. References Nelson, J. (2018). Hair transplant. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/hair-transplant Thompson, G. (2013). Anatomy and physiology. Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company. Continue Reading...

Clostridium Botulinum

again underlines the need for proper, preventative actions to kill the bacteria in the first place. Given the rise of modern, industrialized food technology, botulism may seem to be less of a risk than before, although as home canning is now undergoing a resurgence of popularity, the risk may be higher than was the case in the immediate past. The fact that botulism is relatively uncommon and requires a prolonged test to diagnose also means that symptoms may go unnoticed by sufferers and people around them until it is too late. Work Cited The Bad Bug Book. The Food… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

Gastrointestinal Tract: Disorders of Motility According to Ramsay and Carr (2011), the stomach’s main function is food preparation for digestion as well as absorption by the intestines. In the words of the authors, “acid production is the unique and central component of the stomach’s contribution to the digestive process” (Ramsay and Carr, 2011, p. 977). The parietal cells are responsible for the secretion of acid in the stomach. As Lascelles and Donaldson (2012) point out, the relevance of gastric acid in the digestive process cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that it comes in handy in… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Potable Water on Nutrition

contaminated water. There are also instances when water that has low doses of pathogenic bacteria necessary for infecting humans can be used for preparing food and this would incubate and multiply the bacteria in the food (Esrey & Habicht, 1986). There are numerous studies that have been conducted indicating that the lack of clean water has adverse effects on the individual’s nutrition. The underlying trend is that the lack of clean drinking water has been associated with nutrition problems in the 6 studies that we reviewed. Low-income areas are adversely affected and the lack of proper disposal of waste… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

stomach lining. The etching away of the layer could be occasioned by certain pain relievers as well as by bacteria (H. pylori) (Fichna, 2016). Lastly, gastritis involves the erosion, irritation, or inflammation of the stomach lining. The disorder could be caused by a wide range of factors including NSAIDs, H. pylori, stress, or excessive intake of alcohol (Fichna, 2016). 2. Several factors - including but not limited to genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior – could have an impact upon the pathophysiology of GERD, PUD, and gastritis. GERD In reference to GERD, it should be noted that “GERD and… Continue Reading...

Homeopathy As an Alternative to Antibiotics

a direct relationship between antibiotic consumption and the emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria strains” (p. 277). Moreover, bacteria can inherent genes that are already resistant to antibiotics, which means that horizontal gene transfer occurs to create a veritable shield of defense against antibiotics. The more that antibiotics are used, the less effective they become and the stronger harmful bacteria can become. The complications that ensue are based on the fact that “when these resistant bacteria are all that are left, they are free to multiply, passing the resistance to their offspring” (Environmental Encyclopedia 4, 2011, p. 81). If… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

Female genital mutilation should be stopped Female Genital Mutilation or FGM can be explained as a procedure that is performed or inflicted on women and girls in some developing countries (Klein et al., 2018). FGM entails the altering or cutting of female genitalia. There are many known consequences of inflicting FGM on women including viral and bacterial infections, psychological problems, and obstetrical complications. The FGM topic has been taken up by activists in areas where the practice is rampant. The FGM topic has fundamental societal importance, cultural, significance, and ramifications. In this informative piece, the implications and consequences of FGM… Continue Reading...

Upper Respiratory Infection

by a virus, however, there are others that might be caused by bacteria. The virus will inflame the membranes in the lining of the nose and throat. There are more than 200 different viruses that can cause colds. The virus that causes the majority of colds is the rhinoviruses. While the common cold is the most known URI there are others like sinusitis, epiglottitis, pharyngitis, and tracheobronchitis. It should be noted that influenza is not a URI because it is a systemic illness. An acute URI is normally harmless, although it might not feel harmless. Children who are younger… Continue Reading...

Acute Gastritis

CHIEF COMPLAINT: Constant abdominal pain with N/V for 4 days HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: The patient is a 24-year-old African American female who presents to the clinic with abdominal pain, nausea, as well as vomiting. According to the patient, she has not experienced fever and she has not noticed any blood in her stool or vomit. ASSESSMENT: A 24-year-old African American woman presents to the clinic complaining of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Upon enquiry, she denies any blood in the stool or vomit. She also denies any fever. Patient medical history is not available. Although acute gastritis is suspected,… Continue Reading...

Urinary Tract Infection

rate of urination and, make them uncomfortable, it goes a long way in helping to flush out the bacteria from the body (Bubnis, 2017). References Beveridge, L., Davey, P., Phillips, G., & McMurdo, M. (2011). Optimal management of urinary tract infections in older people. Clin Interv Aging, 6, 173-180. doi: 10.2147/CIA.S13423 Bubnis, D. (2017). Everything should know about urinary tract infections (UTIs) in men. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/mens-health/uti-in-men#symptoms Murrell, D. (2018). Urinary tract infection in older adults. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/uti-in-elderly#utis Rowe, T. A., & Juthani-Mehta, M. (2013). Urinary tract infection in older adults. Aging Health, 9(5), doi: 10.2217/ahe.13.38. Schaeffer, A.,… Continue Reading...

Epidemiology and Valley Fever

Dream Job Turned Nightmare: Valley Fever Executive Summary According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018a), coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley fever, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides. The fungus is commonly found in the soil in the Southwestern U.S. and Mexico region. When people breathe in the spores of the fungus, which can hang in the dusty air, they can develop Valley Fever. People who already have weakened immune systems are most likely at risk for developing Valley Fever (Woods et al., 2000). Those with healthier immune systems tend to recover within a few weeks,… Continue Reading...