Behavior Essays


Learning Organization

however, by use of advanced IT could be of help in understanding such human behavior and attitudes in the period of change within organizations. A range of methods to collect employee information can be used before launching the change process (Shah, Irani, & Sharif, 2016). There are many attempts to define Big Data in literature. However, it describes and determines massive and unstructured data sets that are complex to decipher and process. Yet it can increase the productivity and operations of a business entity. Therefore, although volume is an inherent characteristic of Big Data, other attributes suffice for companies… Continue Reading...

Quantitative Research

infer an answer to a particular section, then you must so state and JUSTIFY your statement. DO NOT LEAVE ANY SECTION BLANK. Caution: Do not provide a "Yes" or "no" answer without an EXPLANATION. YOU MUST JUSTIFY ALL YOUR RESPONSES ALL responses must be written in YOUR OWN WORDS. Do NOT use quotes. Morike Adekemi Full and Complete Reference for the Article: Hagan, Teresa L, BSN, RN., B.A., & Donovan, Heidi M, Phd., R.N. (2013). Ovarian cancer survivor's experiences of self-advocacy: A focus group study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 40(2), 140-7. Retrieved from http://searchproquest.com/docview/1325739253?accountid-35812 You must submit the full article in… Continue Reading...

Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

Liberation Theology as an Analytical Reflection on Praxis, and Where Theology and Humankind Embrace One among the most important Christian theological developments within the past 100 years is liberation theology. The doctrine's advocates regard it as a novel means to 'do theology', rather than a subfield of theology. The method aims to view the universe with regard to being involved with disadvantaged and subjugated individuals. It also endeavors to discover, within the Bible, analytical instruments as well as the energizing force to bring about drastic change to that universe (Anderson 1979, 4). The direct sources may be traced back to… Continue Reading...

Workplace Behavior and Improvements

to follow principles of change management (Priscilla Dike, 2013). The transactional approach to leadership characterized by conditional reward behavior significantly, adversely, and directly impacts a workforce's perception of the company's reputation. Overdependence on the punishment-reward system for exerting control might give workers (including me) a feeling that the company doesn't trust them completely. Thus, we might develop an unfavorable perception of our firm's reputation. Additionally, the assumed mediating part played by the aspect of personnel empowerment (control and competence) in the link between perceived company reputation and a transactional leadership style wasn't supported. Findings corroborate the idea that personnel empowerment… Continue Reading...

Ecologising Education Now and in the Future

Value of Ecologising Education and Teaching Sustainable Perspectives Undoubtedly, for some people, the future teems with choices, great, exciting opportunities, and enhanced comfort. But the children of today, even those hailing from affluent homes, already face a world characterized chiefly by environmental destruction, shocking ill-health, and societal inequality, where the modern lifestyle and current actions obstruct future options geared at leading just, sustainable and healthy lives (Scott and Gough, 2003). Twenty-first century kids eventually have the greatest stakes in the world's future, and will be subject to the repercussions of current environmental, economic, and social actions and decisions. Consequently, equipping… Continue Reading...

Are Labor Unions Good or Bad

of the staff is "sick" (quotes intended), that is disgusting behavior and that should not be happening (Fantz, 2016). Beyond that, the fact that public unions are bargaining against the taxpayer and not the funds of a private corporation that is funded by willing investors should matter. Even Franklin D. Roosevelt felt that way and he was about as pro-worker and pro-citizen as they come (Sherk, 2016). Further, people should have a choice as to whether they join a union or not. There should be no compelled enrollment or "union shops." It is true that unions say that such… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

what course a person ought to opt for, with respect to his/her inner personal behavior (i.e., character) instead of being solely reliant on external cultural customs and rules; if an individual intrinsically possesses a good character, his/her actions and choices automatically have to be good as well (Virtue Ethics). Virtue Ethics' principles have value -- that of directing a person's away from adhering to popular opinion, and paying attention to oneself. From the standpoint of virtue ethics, as Pharmacare is doing what it believes to be right and good for itself and not following particular norms, its actions are… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Murderers Alex and Derek King

key crime career theory assumption. A salient feature of their findings is heterogeneous adult criminal behavior. The theorists revealed that criminal activity decreases as the offender ages, even in case of active offenders. Moreover, desistance paths are not prospectively identifiable on the basis of individual differences and typological accounts engrained in childhood. Although childhood projections are fairly correct when it comes to forecasting crime levels between offenders until their twenties, discrete categories, probably valid throughout the course of life, cannot be generated (Sampson & Laub, 2004). Theorists and Year of Theory Formulation Laub and Sampson put forward the age-graded… Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

Travis Hirschi's Social Bonding Theory The theorist, Hirschi, asserts that those who exhibit deviant behavior desire to do so and that criminal behavior is seen among people with weak social bonds. In his social bonding model, he delineated four elements which make up social bonds, namely, attachment to partner/spouse, engagement in conforming behaviors, holding conventional beliefs and values, and dedication to conventionality (Wolfzorn, Heckert & Heckert, 2006). The theorist indicates that with increased attachment of a person to fellow human beings, their belief in conformist social values will increase. Furthermore, with increased investment and involvement in conventional activity,… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Effective Communication and Productivity

clinical champions who enthusiastically promote the need of appropriate workplace behavior, communication, and team cooperation. As champions, they would be showing zeal towards their staff members' activities, achievements and initiatives. This will foster mutual collaboration between the different healthcare experts. Follow up and feedback finally bring the process to an effective and satisfied conclusion, according to O'Daniel & Rosenstein, (2008). References Aramyan, P. (2015). 5 ways workplace communication effectiveness can increase productivity. Retrieved August 16, 2016, from http://explore.easyprojects.net/blog/5-ways-workplace-communication-effectiveness-can-increase-productivity Borrill, C., West, M., Shapiro, D., & Rees, A. (2000). Team working and effectiveness in health care. British Journal of Healthcare… Continue Reading...

Eason Jordan Op-ed on Iraq for Cnn

He even mentions several reporters from CNN removed for skirting the lines of acceptable behavior according to the Iraqi government. The truth was, that even revealing small details or being there to translate something meant someone would be abducted, tortured, and/or killed. It is easy to say that the news, the truth is the most important thing. However, one of the guarding principles written by Steele is to minimize harm (Steele, 2002), to be compassionate for those affected by actions. Jordan considered what would happen to the people that he worked alongside with and he chose to keep them… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

with drugs, methadone-dependent mothers asserted more power with their kids and exhibited more exasperating, imposing, and condemnatory behavior. But the aforementioned findings are unclear. They indicate that drug consumption by itself does not constitute a significant factor in ineffective parenting in Caucasian households. Bernstein, for example, discovered that mothers' psychosocial resources and emotional health were better predictors of how superior their interactions would be with their babies, compared to their drug-consumption status. Meanwhile Johnson's investigation revealed that the level of substance use by mothers had no connection with their responsiveness to their kids (Diane M. Hogan, 2007). Substance-abusing Caucasian… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

classes. They try to establish the relationship between deviant behavior and social class. These are some of the considerations and ponderings of sociologists when examining the Social conflict theory. The theory explores issues to do with inequality on societal settings. The theory states that the laws and norms adopted by society only reflect the interest of the more influential and powerful society members. The following situation comes to mind when reflecting over the theory: a chief executive of a corporate company commits the same crime as a junior worker (Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to Deviance… Continue Reading...

Violence Against Women in Macho Paradox

raped sometimes by women during a time they were vulnerable. (Bancroft) This may lead to violent outbursts and predatory behavior. It all begins with children. So many people become violent, disturbed people because of something negative they experienced in their childhood. Katz explains at the end of chapter 11, that social conditioning and personal experiences propel violence against women. The cultural standard of 'real men' should dominate and control women is what propels such violent behaviors as well as what happens to boys and men throughout their lives. In order to truly end the prevalence of violence against women,… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Organizational Change

of analyzing nuisances and gauging risks. Management of personnel behavior is another aspect. This can catapult sustainable everyday working routine. Further, through timely response, firms will be able to neutralize and weather such risks. References Insight. "Being Ready for Change." Cimaglobal.com. N.p., 2009. Web. 10 Aug. 2016. Musselwhite, C. and T. Plouffe. "Four Ways to Know Whether You Are Ready for Change." Harvard Business Review. N.p., 2010. Web. 10 Aug. 2016. Continue Reading...

At-will Employment and the Law

the ethical theory approach to use here could be the Utilitarian approach -- John's behavior is scandalous to customers; therefore, he must go. At the same time, out of respect for John's free speech on social media, one could take a transformational leadership approach, retain John, correct him, and coach him to be a better employee who does not criticize customers no matter their deficiencies. This is an alternative that could really limit liability should John choose to sue over wrongful termination. Ellen on the other hand is not one who can be fired. She is criticizing the company… Continue Reading...

Minimum Literacy Skills in the 21st Century

explain the natural world, it focuses on the natural and real world, it benefits from scientific behavior, it leads to ongoing research, it involves the scientific community and/or it relies on evidence (Berkeley, 2016). A huge part of being able to impart and teach science skills is having the teachers that are able and willing to do so. One might think that this is not a question to be concerned about. However, the National Institute of Health (NIH) in the United States posed the question and they found some mixed results. Irrespective of what the teachers out there are… Continue Reading...

Profound Lessons from Childrens Stories

side of the coin is that some bigots engage in the same behavior. Indeed, many schools would actively resist and block black people from attending their schools and it took the force of the government to overcome that form of civil disobedience. Anyhow, the parallels between Rosa Parks and Yertle are easy to see. One parallel is that there was a turtle in Yertle named Mack that "decided he had taken enough." Indeed, Rosa Parks and those that were of the same mind as her had much the same viewpoint. Another parallel is that Mack did a rather innocuous… Continue Reading...

Children Of Divorce and How They Can Be Helped

divorce, such as socioeconomic conditions of the family, integration in the community/society, the social behavior of the child, interaction with siblings/peers, and the level of continued involvement of the parents in the life of the child. Children of divorce can be assisted through various types of therapy, such as Art Therapy and Play Therapy, both of which help to facilitate cognitive and emotional skills within the child, as the two sides of the child's brain develop (the logical and the emotional side). Narratives are particularly helpful in that they can be repeated and thus assist the repetitive nature of… Continue Reading...

Changing Psychological Contract Implications for Hrm

HRM Organizations now operate in a rapidly changing world. Changes in consumer behavior, increased competitive pressure, technological advancements, as well as regulatory shifts in the last few decades have generally compelled organizations to adjust their strategies, objectives, policies, and actions in an attempt to enhance organizational efficiency and profitability (Freese, Schalk & Croon, 2011; Ulen, 2015; Abu-Doleh & Hammou, 2015). In fact, the ability to accommodate change has been marked as a vital ingredient of success in the constantly evolving operational environment (Wellin, 2007). Whereas its importance cannot be overemphasized, adapting to change has had a significant impact on the… Continue Reading...

Ethnicity

What is meant be the term ethnicity The term ethnicity encompasses the culture of a certain group of people or individuals in a certain geographical expanse taking into account their customs, language, religion and birthright. In order to be deemed a member of an ethnic group, one must conform to either all or a number of such aforementioned practices. Describe the differences between ethnicity and race It is imperative to note that there is a difference between race and ethnicity. A key difference lies in the fact that ethnicity is tied to cultural aspects of an individual or group of… Continue Reading...

Child Psychology

environment. The reason being that the environment allows the experiment to focus on the possibility of behavior of a child to be influenced by environmental factors or conditions, giving a comprehensive depiction of what occurs in classrooms in the case of preschool children. The following study gives a unique observational design and approach which allows numerous observations on a child for the purpose of examining the trends of behaviors both within and across classroom event settings and the manner in which they relate to a given child's gender and also basic tutor conducts (Leslie M. Booren, Jason T. Downer,… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Job Satisfaction and Leadership

L. Alberti, & Robin L. Snipes, 2014). Workplace Culture Many researchers on organizational behavior argue that the massive entry of "Generation Y" workers into the workforce is likely to change workplace attitudes and culture, making the workplace more female-oriented in terms of culture and leadership characteristics. There will be emphasis on empathy, nurturing relationships, work-life balance and empathy. The workplace is continuously changing and there is need for new research to help organizations cope with these changes. More women are earning their place as managers and there are more feminine traits being adopted in leadership. Feminine traits being adopted include building… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

should also talk about the incident with other employers and take action to reform the behavior of employees toward one another. Further, he could have actually noticed the existence of unfair treatment of Dillon and acted on his own volition before issues escalated. Verna Meyers puts forth a suggestion explaining the conflict of managing a diverse workforce explaining that a series of micro-aggressions can at times be as serious as blatant actions of aggression. The affected individual feels excluded and makes it a lot harder for them to commit fully to the organization and affects their performance in a… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

and focused on operant conditioning. Skinner purposed on using the operant conditioning to change behavior with reinforcements given when the desired response is achieved. Using punishments, reinforcers, and neutral operant, Skinner developed a mechanism in which behavior can be created and monitored within an individual, beginning from the one of being an empty slate, and ending with the reaction that is desired. This theorist has had major contributions on how to develop and control behavior, something that has been a breakthrough. The school of thought is important for scientific research uses the environmental determiners of behavior, and very useful… Continue Reading...

New Generation by Solzhenitsyn Review

what would stop man from degenerating into basic beastly behavior and bestiality? An incomprehensible time of nightmares and delirium came around. It persisted for a long time. The ordeal started with being stripped naked and your feet being pierced. This went on in a stifling chamber underground. The chamber had no luxuries of ventilation or light. One had to breathe in air that had been used by another. The cell was designed to cut you off from the world in totality. You had to sleep on cold concrete covered with planks. There were grueling interview sessions for everyone and… Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

Those who suggested counseling were worried about the boy's conduct and behavior when at school. As Lennox's previous therapist resigned his job during the summer school-term, the boy was referred once again; by this time, he had reached the age of ten. Lennox was offered twelve months of one-on-one therapy. The problems cited in the original referral for counseling included lack of concentration in studies, attention-seeking behavior at school, persistent unpunctuality to class, and the boy's washed-out look. Another referral by an educator in the year 2009 cited the boy's weak concentration in class, poor social skills apparent in… Continue Reading...

Ethical Responses to Nsw Case Scenarios

with the school polices and state requirements with regard to the matter. Pay special attention to the behavior, their schoolwork and needs of a student that shows signs of abuse by parents (How Teachers Should Report Suspected Abuse of Children). Note any changes in their habits. Stay vigilant and report any more suspicions to authorities. Do it as often as you need to. The objective, remember, is to protect the wellbeing of a child. One of the hardest parts of being a classroom teacher is dealing with child abuse incidents. Nonetheless, report the issues as you need to; despite… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

been a decline in obvious racial discriminatory conduct (segregation, rights to vote) and quick rise in subtle racial discriminatory behavior. At the center of these issues for Black women is a struggle over nationality, power, and control that rotates around not just, but gender. Black/White binary has been central to the discussion of race because indirect racial discrimination has likewise been theorized as racial microaggressions. Racial microaggressions are defined as an everyday exchange that sends demeaning messages to individuals of color for the reason that they belong to a racial minority class. All these conceptualizations highlight the secondary nature… Continue Reading...

Covenant Of Exodus and How to Preach It

The covenant is the central motif in Jewish identity and consciousness, representing the unique relationship between the Jews and God. Although there are several instances during which the Jewish people engage in covenant with God, the most significant and momentous is the covenant God forms with Moses, who in turn communicates God's will to the Jewish people. As Boadt (1984) points out, the covenant is also significant from literary and historical perspectives because "all of biblical history may be called a theology of the covenant," (p. 174). The covenant represents a bilateral relationship and form of communication, a sort of… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

EI skills. He or she will be able to anticipate how a specific type of behavior will impact people emotionally. It might be argued, for example, that some people view presidential hopeful Donald Trump as having no EI because he says words that are offensive to some groups of people. However, he also has a strong voter base and many followers precisely because of the way he communicates and the words and ideas he communicates. This suggests that he actually does have a strong EI ability: he knows what to say and how to say it in order to… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

It has been recognized that breastfeeding constitutes the best source of infant nourishment, functioning as nutrition as well as the "living fluid" imbued with a complex blend of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies, unique to the mother and her infant. Baby formula is unable to replicate the above essential substances. As breastfeeding is recognized as the superior mode of feeding infants, it must be protected, promoted and supported even among working mothers, after they return to their jobs. The WHO (World Health Organization) recommendation is that babies ought to be given nothing but breast milk until six months of age, with… Continue Reading...

Continuous Change and Diversity

new changes enables people to have both. Social culture and diversity is an important part of organizational behavior. This is because on average, a typical organization will have a number of people who have personal and cultural differences, especially when looking at companies and organizations that run on an international scale. By acknowledging these differences it enables positive influence of organizational behavior that has the chance of enhancing performance within the company at the same time improving the image of the organization. Critiquing organizational behavior must include how the public views it and how the people working in the organization… Continue Reading...

Feminism in the Hunting Trip on Parks and Recreation

some biological differences that are indisputable. However, it is not clear how these differences manifest into behavior naturally and what are socially conditioned. For example, researchers have compiled data through various studies that have looked at the roles of hormones and other biological differences in men and women have been thought to contribute to predispositions based on gender for various criminal activities. For example, it is commonly assumed that women are less aggressive based on these biological differences. I believe that the science is important since many people attempt to justify their views based on evidence such as this.… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

judge, the defendant may provide a personal explanation of unknown issues relating to the case, apologize for the criminal behavior or ask for mercy. The right of allocution is granted to the defendant as an opportunity for him/her to show remorse or explain motivations behind the criminal acts. During this process, the defendant seeks to influence the judge to be lenient in his/her sentence. The judge then issues the sentence, which varies depending on the severity of the crime since a sentence is a formal legal consequence relating to a conviction. Some of the most common criminal sentences include… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

The topic for this paper is to determine what is meant by social change from the perspective of graduate students today. The paper is organized into four parts. The first part presents a background statement concerning the issue of interest and the gap in the existing body of knowledge the study intends to address. A description concerning the role of the researcher is provided in the second part and an explanation concerning the process of gathering, organizing, and analyzing data to form the basis of the methods used in this study are presented in part three followed by the analysis… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Fitness Research

York: Greenwood Publishing Group Brehm-Curtis, B. (2014). Psychology of Health and Fitness: Applications for behavior Change. F. A. Davis Company Ferkel, R. C. Stodden, D. F. Judge, L. W. Griffin, K. & Hamman, D. (2015). Relationship between Health-related Fitness Knowledge and Physical Fitness. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, Vol. 1(6): 76-82 Goodwin C. J. (2009). Research in Psychology: Methods and Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons Jacobsen K. H. (2011). Introduction to Health Research Methods. New York: Jones & Bartlett Publishers Continue Reading...

Treatment and Counseling for Low Self Esteem

many levels including abstract beliefs to thoughts, feelings and actions that occur every minute (Fennell, 1997). Cognitive behavior Therapy/Treatment Case Study A female Caucasian who is currently fresh on college said that she came to counseling because she had been caught in possession of alcohol in the college dorm. She explained that although her friends in the dorm at the time were drunk, she was not. She said she only drank to follow suit. She said that she found college stressful compared to high school where it was smooth for her. Apart from the high study demands, it was hard… Continue Reading...

Effect Of Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

and not essentially the gender and distinct leadership approach of the leader that affects behavior. Hence, collaborative leader and follower behaviors depend on gender roles. Additionally, spillover of gender roles may impact subordinates' attitudes towards female leaders. The workforce will likely view female managers in an unfavorable light as they reflect society's views of the inferior status of females. Such attitudes may foster a negative and less encouraging workplace climate for female leaders, as employees may regard a female superior as less qualified compared to a male in the same role. Employees may also be unwilling to accept female… Continue Reading...

Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

determining leadership style and Emotional Intelligence as effective areas of organizational behavior. In concluding the research, the study looks at limitations and gives recommendations for further studies in this field. Emotional intelligence has been defined as the ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions because it is a subset of social intelligence. Therefore, it discriminated among them, and this information is used in guiding one's actions and thinking (Lam & Higgins, 2013; Quader, 2011). Emotional intelligence is also defined using five dimensions; self-regulation, social skills, self-awareness, empathy and motivation (Lam & Higgins, 2013; Mandell & Pherwani,… Continue Reading...

Remedies for Ptsd and Abusive Relationships

Cause: My Name Is Jess Overton From Case to Cause: My Name is Jess Overton The client, Jess had done so well for the 30 days while sheltering that she almost enrolled in a training program. She had wanted to be a lab technician, but due to the lack of funds, her parents could not to send her to school. She was also preparing to move into a transitional apartment, but with all these excitements, David was still fighting for the custody of the children. The court had also given visitation rights to David, but it would be under supervision… Continue Reading...

Ductile Nature Of Aluminum Alloys

are deemed as those of the aluminum alloys. In conclusion, a ductile behavior was observed in comprehension while in tension aluminum, it behaved in a semi-brittle fashion. Unloading modulus and yield strength were equal in compression and tension, and an increase in non-linearly with relative density was observed. Low silicon content produces stronger and stiffer foam (Mccullough et al. 2329). In both compression and tension, the yields from the foams were almost immediately upon loading, which in greater unloading modulus as compared to the slope of the initial loading line. Aluminum foam is anisotropic, as it yields unloading modulus and… Continue Reading...

Patient Named Eliza

Part 1     Eliza, a patient aged eighteen, is enrolled at the City University and resides in a dorm with friends. The patient is currently seeking treatment for stress/anxiety and low self-image (Eliza Intake Document Provided by Customer). Eliza has not indicated any life stressors. Her father, Burt, drives a truck for a living, whereas her mom, Joan, is an elementary school secretary. While the father-daughter relationship appears to be quite strong, Eliza appears to have issues that need working on, when it comes to her relationship with her mother. As of now, Eliza is not taking any mental health… Continue Reading...

Captain Preston Guilty or Innocent

Captain Preston's Actions At Boston Massacre When it comes to American history, one of the most commonly cited periods that is focus on is the run up to the American Revolution and the aftermath once the United States was founded and the war was won. One of the specific events within that period that is commonly focused on is the Boston Massacre, which happened in 1870. There are a few names that come to the surface when it comes to that event. Whether it be Crispus Attucks, Governor Hutchinson or others, there is no shortage of intrigue when it comes… Continue Reading...

Facets Of Global Leaders

Of Management Perspectives, 30(1), 59-73. doi:10.5465/amp.2015.0035 Mathews, J. (2016). Toward a Conceptual Model of Global Leadership. IUP Journal Of Organizational behavior, 15(2), 38-55. Salicru, S., Wassenaar, E., Suerz, E., & Spittle, J. (2016). A Case Study of Global Leadership Development Best Practice. OD Practitioner, 48(2), 12-20. VanderPal, G. (2014). Global Leadership, IQ and Global Quotient. Journal of Management Policy & Practice, 15(5), 120-134. Continue Reading...

Evolution Of Management Style at Galaxy Toys

the significance of working conditions and employee satisfaction in influencing organizational productivity (Cole, 2004). Mayo particularly asserted that the behavior of both managers and employees at the workplace was equally important in determining performance levels. As such, managers must have an understanding of the informal elements of the organization, particularly with regard to the feelings, values, thoughts, and behaviors of employees. Understanding these elements is integral to worker motivation, which in turn positively influences individual and group productivity. Bart's change of management focus from productivity to employees marks a shift from the scientific school of thought to the behavioral… Continue Reading...

Second Chance Act Of 2008

concept refers to an ability of an individual relapsing into criminal behavior. Typically, the recidivism has been measured by a criminal act, which led to reconviction, re-arrest, or return to prison. According to data released by the National Institution of Justice (2015), approximately 67.8%, which is about two-third of the released prisoners are rearrested within three years of their released. Within five years, 76.6%, three- quarter of the released prisoners are rearrested. Moreover, property offenders and those sentenced for drug crimes are in the top lists of the released prisoners likely to be rearrested. The SCA (Second Chance Act)… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

Mcardie Estate v. Cox case, by providing a case summary, comparison of exclusive professional practice scope and right to health care professionals' title, and protections for healthcare workings abiding by practice standards. Malpractice and neglect are perhaps the aspects most carefully covered by healthcare policymakers. Healthcare law may be considered distinctive in the legal sphere, as it is one subdivision that affords numerous scholarship approaches a chance to succeed (Jocelyn, et.al, 2002). Healthcare law is an interdisciplinary and dynamic domain, with numerous legal, scientific, economic, social, political and philosophical grounds for its dynamism. Case Summary McArdie Estate v. Cox was… Continue Reading...

Change Management

Chaos theory states that change represents a contemporary corporate model which is best suited to the advanced corporations of the current era. The theory understands the fact that change is unavoidable, but that forecasting its trajectory and time is hard (Taneja, 2013). Mergers, acquisitions, governmental takeovers and liquidations, which are ever more frequently observed, all support chaos theory premises. Akin to chemistry, organizational change may be classified as organic (flowing from an existing process) or inorganic (entirely different) (Wong, 2016). A Discussion That Assesses the Factors That Contribute to The Organic Evolution of Change Just like in the case of… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

Racial Equality Like other forms of discrimination and bigotry in the United States, racism has thankfully started to tail off and reduce over the years and generations. However, this is happening at a pace that is frustratingly slow and plodding. Court decisions and new laws passed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries have led to more inclusion and less institutional racism and other bigotry. However, de facto racism and other forms of bigotry still remain present and problematic. This report shall cover a lot of the facets of all of this including how Brown vs. Board of Education changed things,… Continue Reading...

Argument Against Portuguese New World Involvement

general concept and how what supposedly made men like Cortes and Columbus "great" was actually regular and normal behavior for the time and the positions of power that those "great men" held. Analysis Restall makes prescient and honest points about men like Columbus and Cortes. Beyond the fact that many people of that time are still treated as heroes and worthy of the holidays that are assigned in their honor (e.g. Columbus), what they actually did was not all that abnormal and what they did was not all that different than what others in similar positions made. Indeed, Columbus… Continue Reading...

Learning and Social Deficits in the Elementary Classroom

to improve students' social-emotional outcomes (What is SWPBS?, 2016). According to Missouri schoolwide positive behavior support Web site, the SWPBS "is a proactive approach that relies on research-based practices, including developing clear behavioral expectations, teaching these expectations, acknowledging appropriate behavior, consistently correcting inappropriate behavior, and using behavioral data to systematically solve problems" (What is SWPBS?, 2016, para. 3). Like the RTI program, the SWPBS is also a multi-tiered framework that are used to help young learners who fail to respond adequately to interventions at tier 1 (What is SWPBS?, 2016). Relate the ways in which the combination of RTI… Continue Reading...

Exclusionary Rule in Terry Vs Ohio

Supreme Court Bill of Rights Case Terry v. Ohio introduce the Terry frisk into police procedure, allowing officers to have the right to stop and frisk or do a surface search of individuals on the street even without probable cause. All the officer would need would be to have a reasonable suspicion that the person being searched had committed, was about to commit or was in the act of committing a crime. The Supreme Court stated that the officer's suspicion had to be "specific" and able to be put into words -- that is to say, the officer could not… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality

While this is an encouraging event and people in the workplace should not allow sexual behavior or gender/sexual identity to become an issue, there is still a lot of ignorance and prejudice out there towards women and other people that remain persecuted for gender or sexual issues. Analysis There is no doubt that what makes people different is too often a divisive and disruptive force in the workplace. While one might hope that arguments and disagreement do not come up in the workplace, they happen and they absolutely happen along social lines. Whether it be race, gender, sexuality or… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

organize and police themselves sin a way to as to avoid that and eliminate behavior (or people, as needed) that deviate from the mandated norm. In this way, organizational cultures will often shape and change the people that are in their midst. Of course, not everyone will respond and change. However, Spataro has a prescient point when it is said that "an organization's culture is a potentially powerful tool available to managers in affecting how employees respond to coworkers that are different than them (Spataro, 2005). As one might expect, leadership plays a pivotal role in setting the tone… Continue Reading...

Diversity As a Reflection Of Your Identity

do, male or female. Nevertheless, my gender definitely influences my behavior at work. I am privileged to be able to work around a number of strong, competent, and in some instances, brilliant women. However, society is still male dominated and this perception naturally extends itself to the workplace. There are certain instances at work where I do not speak up as quickly as I could, or even probably would, if I was a man. In this respect I do feel some degree of pressure to perform, and to perform well, since I am a woman. I sometimes have the perception… Continue Reading...

Diversity Management

The importance of workforce diversity is broadly appreciated in management and organizational behavior literature (Yang & Konrad, 2011). Nonetheless, reaping the benefits of diversity management may not be as straightforward as often thought. Employers must have the right organizational design in place if they are to effectively reap the benefits of workforce diversity. First, it is important to have a broader vision of inclusion. It is often assumed that diversity is just about increasing the number of women and minorities in the workforce. Nonetheless, diversity transcends common demographic attributes -- it also entails acknowledging differences in identity… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Fatness in America Body Image

The author points out that many African-American women engage in behavior that put them and their families at risks. However, Strings still argues that African-American women can live healthier contrary to the belief of some people that white women can live a healthier life than African-American women: "African-American women have the highest rates of "obesity" measured as a BMI of 30 or greater of any subpopulation of the United States, their parallel death rates appeared to signal a population-wide health crisis."[footnoteRef:14] [13: Sabrina Strings, "Obese Black Women as "Social Dead Weight": Reinventing the "Diseased Black Woman"." Signs: Journal of… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

to the interaction between psychology professional and professionals in other fields. Instead, the article explores the phenomenon of adolescent behavior in this phase in terms of hiding information from their parents and the need of intervention of a professional behavioral analyst, who tries to analyze such behavior through this significant life development phase. One of the theoretical perspectives addressed in the article is that of autonomy relatedness. This perspective asserts that healthy independent development can be realized only by repositioning the prevailing relationship between the parent and the child while remaining attached to parents. This topic is of particular… Continue Reading...

Cultural Phenomenon Of Stranger Things

Stranger Things is a television show on Netflix that recounts the story of a missing boy, a frantic mother, and three friends looking for an answer. The show is a pastiche of popular 80's movies and television shows that featured monsters like E.T. and telekinetic children like Charlie in Firestarter. While the show does not hit on anything original, it does manage to hit a nerve among fans and has swept the nation with its sweet whispers of nostalgia. The show perhaps invites people to reach for their own ideologies in life vicariously through the main characters. Althusser discusses ideologies… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Personality Traits

that the most efficacious qualities are those associated with assertive behavior. These include risk-taking, innovativeness, aggression, and proactiveness. These characteristics are devoid of emotion. Those that do pertain to emotion show a positive effect for qualities that restrain it, control it, and demonstrate mastery over one's emotions. A surplus of excitement or happiness is contradictory to achieving performance outcomes. References Baron, R.A., Hmielski, K., Henry, R.A. (2011). Entrepreneurs' dispositional positive affect: The potential benefits -- and potential costs -- of being up. Journal of Business Venturing. 27, 310-324. Khedhaouria, A., Gurau, C., Torres, O. (2014). Creativity, self-efficacy and small… Continue Reading...

Relational Mental Model

subordinates to follow instructions without questioning. This clearly shows how culture shapes relationships, interactions, and behavior. Question 2 Culture also influences interpersonal behavior (Dorfman et al., 2012). It may influence the extent to which individuals value interpersonal harmony, or have emotional involvement with others around them. In an African setting, for example, a great deal of premium is placed on human interdependence, meaning that individuals strive to maintain harmony with one another in every instance of social interaction (Dorfman et al., 2012). Simply, people tend to identify with groups such as family, clan, and tribe. As a result, individuals… Continue Reading...

Fiber Composite Article Review

state after forty days. The tension test saw results involving brittle fracture that demonstrated linear behavior until failure. The compression test revealed delimitation of all five specimens at adjacent surface of both the flax and glass plies. The bending test results proved to show fiber breakage and matric cracking followed by buckling of flax plies. Section 3.6 discussed comparison to previous studies suggesting scattered results exist within the literature concerning composite reinforced mechanical properties. General findings as well as practical implications revealed that this study was the first to explore Glass/Epoxy/Flax mechanical properties for the use of orthopedic application… Continue Reading...

Inclusion-exclusion in the Workplace

.....inclusion-exclusion important in the workplace? What is the distinction between the inclusion-exclusion concept and organizational involvement? The concept of inclusion-exclusion in the workplace takes into account the feeling of a person being a part of the organizational system with respect to the formal aspects such as making decision and gaining access to information as well as informal aspects such as coffee meetings (Mead et al., 2011). This concept is imperative to the workplace as one of the most important issues experienced by the diverse workforce in contemporary times is 'exclusion'. This is an actuality faced by several personnel and a… Continue Reading...

Workforce Diversity

Globalization has significantly transformed the business environment. Economies around the world have increasingly become interconnected, facilitating greater mobility for individuals and organizations around the globe. Today, organizations can more readily do business in diverse geographic locations. In addition, organizations deal with a more diverse workforce in terms of racial and ethnic background, religious inclination, geographic origin, as well as age, gender, and sexual orientation (U.S. Department of Commerce and Vice President Al Gore's National Partnership for Reinventing Government [NPR], n.d.). This has presented both challenges and opportunities for individual workers. The individual worker now has an opportunity to interact with… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

earmarked for spending or saving are deemed compulsory. This particular aspect influences the financial behavior of households. To begin with, labeling money for certain spending categories might result in overspending and underspending. For instance, if the budget is higher, then there is a likelihood of high spending and vice versa. Therefore, mental budgeting helps evade undesirable balanced within certain mental budgets. Mental budgeting goes in tandem with information on mental accounting, which shows that individuals utilize resources in a different manner depending on how they are labeled. The setting of budgets causes individuals to overconsume a number of products… Continue Reading...

Reproduction in the New Age

did it apply? What were the sexuality issues? Specifics? Normal Adolescent behavior http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0790721/ This film is a drama that focuses on a young group of friends who engage in polyfidelitous, which is an arrangement where all of the individuals only have sexual relations within their own group. The teens in the movie believe that this is a better situation that what they otherwise could achieve on their own through conventional teenage dating. For example, with various partners the group's members can experiment freely in different arrangements without having to worry about disease or pregnancy to the same extent as they… Continue Reading...

Convictions in Murder Trials

seen after exiting with Garcia. Moreover, Garcia claimed that he went home alone that same night. However, the behavior he exhibited at the police station may not have aided his defense as well as he would have liked it to, either. He voluntarily terminated the question and answer session he had with authorities when a police officer asked to photograph the bruise on his face. The officer still attempted to photograph it anyway (Ofgang). Other aspects of Garcia's defense included the fact that there was a witness who claimed to see a drunken woman the same early morning that… Continue Reading...

Leadership Experiences

through these I have had a better understanding about leadership qualities and behavior. One of my leadership qualities is communication. I am able to convey clearly and concisely what I want done, and this in turn makes it possible for me to relate my vision to my subordinates and therefore work towards the common goal. In addition, this open level of communication has enabled my team to know that they can easily trust and rely on me and therefore makes me able work harder (Prive, 2012). Another leadership quality that I have is commitment and drive. I am constantly… Continue Reading...

Case Summary Analysis

officially arraigned in court for two murders, Kennedy's and that of Officer J.D. Tippit. behavior of the offender(s) relative to the psychological history and evaluation of the offender(s). Oswald was an angry and bitter young man. While he was young, his mother did not control his violent ways. In fact, she may have had a hand in his rebellion. Oswald was fixated on getting what he desired. There are so many similar case histories in prison files. Oswald developed hate for the world while he was still very young. He also believed that he had to succeed on his own.… Continue Reading...

Trust Within a Marriage

relationship. As far as non-verbal behaviors go, it is no mystery to people in the know that non-verbal behavior is such a huge part of communication. In many ways and in terms of volume, these non-verbal cues are more significant and more prevalent than what is seen in verbal communication. Just to use an easy example, if someone says "I love you," this would generally be seen as a good thing. However, non-verbal messages being conveyed concurrent to those words can change the narrative very quickly. For example, if the speaker is not making eye contact, is not fully… Continue Reading...

American Body Culture Annotated Bibliography

stereotypes facing the African-American women because of their obesity. The author points out that many African-American women engage in behavior that put them and their families at risks. Based on the statistics, the numbers African-American women with obesity are higher than other categories subgroups in the United States. However, African-American women can still live healthier contrary to the belief of some people that white women can live a healthier life than African-American women. Primary Sources William TUDYMAN, Plaintiff, v. UNITED AIRLINES, Defendant. (United States District Court, C.D. California 1984). The plaintiff filed an action for a violation of "Section… Continue Reading...

‘araby’ by James Joyce

near his home, which shows the attitude and the playful behavior that the boy that draws the reader away from the 'dark and blind' setting. This also helps the reader to expect some exciting happening in the future. Continue Reading...

My Life

both seemed happy. At this time, I changed my behavior and started concentrating more and more in school. More so, I finally felt happy and content. Every year of high school came with fresh experiences, new sets of friends, new teachers, new classes and also a whole different perspective of life altogether. High School Experiences Without a doubt, I was a completely different individual while graduating high school, compared to the time I was freshman. I was quite innocent and scared wondering whether I will find new friends or whether I will be able to fit into the new… Continue Reading...

Social Play for Children and What It Means

slide in and out of stages as their minds grow and process and reinforce. All the 6 stages of behavior of play are normal in children and helpful in the child's development. You can let your children play alone, with others, watch, or participate -- at parks, museum centers, and any other age appropriate place (Parten, 1933). UNIT 5 DISCUSSION Both children from both age groups ignored the two dots and drew around them. The child from the first age bracket (3-6) essentially scribbled across the page and did not draw any image that he could describe. The older… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Africa Study Design

be useful in conducting qualitative research when qualitative variables are used to explain behavior or outcomes. Such variables might include "sex, race, religion, nationality, geographical region, etc." (Uriel, 2013, p. 1). Regression analysis and other multivariate techniques are useful for describing the relationships among variables. When a dependent variable or outcome is assessed according to how it relates to various qualitative variables (such as the ones identified above), multivariate techniques such as regression can be useful in assessing that relationship. In the case of a study addressing terrorism in African (Boko-Haram specifically), regression may be used because of the… Continue Reading...

Bryan Stow Vs Los Angeles Dodgers Case Analysis

stadium despite their inappropriate behaviors. Moreover, they were not approached by the security personnel to stop their behavior, this act of negligence allowed the two people to continue drinking and took the altercation on Stow after the second game. On the other hand, the Counsel of Los Angeles Dodgers and Mccourt argued that it was impossible to prevent every possible incident in a stadium that occupied 56,000 people. The Counsel also contended that the Stadium personnel provided a high level of security during the Opening Day game and more than 100 uniformed LA police officers were deployed to enhance… Continue Reading...

Factors That Led to Enron Downfall in 2001

challenges. Additionally, Enron top officials carried out an inconsistency behavior towards the employees and their suppliers. The average workers were not paid the retirement benefits rather they were vested with the retirement plan in the company stocks. However, when the stocks were devaluing, employees were blocked from selling their stocks. Top executives in their own case were allowed to do as they wished their stocks, and 500 top officials received the retention bonus of $5 million, however, the laid-off workers received a fraction of payment promised. Enron management also treated friends lavishly by donating to the political friends to… Continue Reading...

Hiv, Aids, and Hp2020 Initiative

Healthy People 2020' initiative (HP2020) greatly emphasizes social health determinants, health inequity factors, and income and educational goals. Further, it adopts a broader perspective of the health effects of natural and manmade environments. The National Prevention and Health Promotion Council, by building on this initiative, offers a new means to implement a government-wide 'health in every policy' approach. Several NPS (National Prevention Strategy) interventions will extend across sectors and departments, influencing various health results (Fielding, Teutsch, & Koh, 2012). Numerous HIV / AIDS-linked clinical characteristics may be attributed to the intense immune deficiency developing among infected individuals. Immune system breakdown… Continue Reading...

Godbeers Salem Witch Trials

bringing together accusation from non-credible sources, however, the law and order eventually dismissed and kept such behavior at Salem and not the rest of the colonies. Law and order did eventually win out in the end, but not without sacrifice. Accused witches even with little evidence supporting their conviction because of the demands of the public. Godbeer explains on page 120-125 that the events in Salem should count as a warning of what could happen should reason and logic fall in the way of religious zealousness. Godbeer highlighted the political and moral motive of a community with a religious… Continue Reading...

Justice Is Better Than Equality

of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities; whereas justice is experiencing a just behavior or treatment. Over the years, I have concluded that I would prefer justice over equality. The question is why? Why choose a just lifestyle rather than equality? Aren't they both the same? The answer is no. Being just is the epitome of fairness where as equality only provides the bare minimum. Based on its definition, equality seeks to make everything the same for every person. However, this is nearly impossible because very few things in the expansive diversity of humanity are the same.… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

Gender and sexuality are very important for activists, practitioners and policymakers. Gender and sexuality have a big significance in people's lives in today's society. Sexuality encompasses gender roles and identities, sex and sexual orientation, intimacy, reproduction, pleasure and eroticism. Its expression can be found in behaviors, thoughts, roles, relationships, values, attitudes, desires and fantasies. While all these expressions characterize sexuality, an individual may not express or experience all of them. Interactions between psychological, economic, cultural, legal, ethical, religious, spiritual and biological factors influence sexuality (Ilkkaracan & Jolly). The Link between Gender and Sexuality The Institute of Development Studies defines gender… Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

p. 457). As a result, human resources practices may inadvertently reflect sexist norms of organizational behavior. Stamarski & Hing (2015), for example, point out that human resources practices and policies, including decision-making processes, methods by which human resources policies are enacted and enforced, impact hiring, pay, and promotion of women in the workplace. Gender discrimination has been defined in the literature as the underrepresentation of women in elite leadership positions" simultaneous with the "undervaluation of women's effectiveness as leaders," (Paustian-Underdahl, Walker & Woehr, 2014, p. 1129). However, gender discrimination is also more complex than that. Therefore, the literature supports… Continue Reading...

Sexuality and Gender at Work

mean that confusion is present. One can, in other words, engage in homosexual behavior without being confused about one's gender or having issues identifying as a male or female. Thus, this disorder is still preserved because it is distinct from homosexuality. 5. Heterosexism and transphobia in the workplace can negatively effect heterosexual workers by making it seem like all heterosexuals must view themselves as normal and homosexuals or transgender individuals as abnormal, when such may not be the view of all heterosexuals. Thus, it is negative for heterosexuals because it falsely represents them and discriminates against homosexuals. This creates… Continue Reading...

Social Responsibility and Ethics in Corporations

corporate social responsibility can be directly integrated into organizational norms of behavior, and also within a marketing strategy that retains stakeholder value. The information contained in the Maignan & Ferrell (2004) research also ties into Marinova's (2013) investigation of corporate social responsibility and ethics. The lack of empirical data in the area of marketing ethics linked to corporate social responsibility hinders Marinova's (2013) work and constrains its validity and reliability, and yet this remains a ripe field of inquiry for marketing science researchers. Marketing researchers can use the Marinova (2013) report to cue future investigations and experimental research. For… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Stop Frisk Policy in New York

NYPD Stop Frisk Policy and its Statistical Racial Impacts The NYPD (NY Police Department) stop and frisk policy is a policy introduced by the New York City mandating the police officers to stop pedestrians and frisks them for contraband, and weapons. The rules are cited in the Section 140.50 in the New York criminal procedure law. In 2011, the NY police force used the frisk policy rule to stop approximately 685,724 people, however, the number reduced to 22,939 in 2015. The policy has become a controversial issue because over 5 million people were frisked during the first decade after introducing… Continue Reading...

Pecking Order Versus Trade off Theories

TOT addresses the limitations seen as inconsistent with the advantage behavior provided some level of information (Agarwal, 2013). This theory postulates that organizations would naturally finance new investments using debts as against equity; first to trade-off tax liabilities and then second to cause some level of scarcity on the stock as a means of increasing a company's worth. However, opponents of the TOT claim that it failed to explain the cause of a decline in stock prices as seen when companies announce new issues. The ensuing discussion evidence that debt financing correlated to periods in positive direction especially about… Continue Reading...

Discharge Summary

sustaining at a healthy baseline?      The therapies mentioned in Eliza’s case will be instrumental in stabilizing her behavior; if they are conducted regularly. Cognitive behavioral therapy is effective in stabilizing several factors that cause problems for Eliza in her life. Eliza’s problems including anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, trauma sensitivity, and eating disorder can be addressed and cured in several therapy sessions. Stability of these factors can be an indication of Eliza’s health based on evaluation.       CBT has presented promising outcomes when applied early to forestall mental disorders.  The method consists of education relating to trauma reactions,… Continue Reading...

Organizing and Leadership Theories

that individuals possess inner beliefs, convictions, value judgments, and preconceived notions that influence their behavior and interpretations of the world around them (Bauer, 2015). These beliefs and convictions are often shaped by factors such as societal or corporate culture. Trait and behavioral theories have not offered the ultimate solution to the problem of leadership. Another group of theories, situational theories, argue that leadership effectiveness is a function of the leader's traits, behaviors and the context of leadership (Kunnanatt, 2016). In other words, the effectiveness of leadership tends to vary from situation to situation. While a certain style of leadership… Continue Reading...

Nature and Necessity Of Scientific Revolutions Preview

of the universe. The point is that there are various (and diverse) aspects of the universe and the behavior of its population. Specifically, Thomas points out that "they differ, that is, about such questions as the existence of subatomic particles, the materiality of light, and the conservation of heat or of energy." (9) The author states that these differences do not require further explanation as they arise in successive paradigms. The paradigms are important since they provide basis for solutions, problem fields and various methods in the universe. The author points out that the nature of the universe is… Continue Reading...

Al Sadeem Landscape Strategic Analysis

Case Synopsis Al Sadeem Garden Landscape is a company that provides landscaping, gardening and maintenance services to a variety of clients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This case study provides a strategic analysis of the company, with specific attention to the operational history of the company, its internal and external environments, as well as successful strategies. The case study also identifies the challenges facing the company and provides recommendations for overcoming the challenges. The case study was compiled based on secondary data. 2. Introduction Al Sadeem was established in 2014 with the aim of providing landscaping, gardening and maintenance… Continue Reading...

Community Health

be separated from why it is maintained and promoted. Whether it is about behavior change, community restructuring, or community capacity-building, the changes cannot be isolated from our principles regarding what makes a good society/community (Mcleroy et. al, 2003). References Boothe, V., Sinha, D., Bohm, M., & Yoon, P. (2013). Community Health Assessment for Population Health Improvement. Atlanta: CDC. Retrieved from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/Communityhealth/PDF/Final_CHAforPHI_508.pdf Engbers, L. & Sattelmair, J. (2007). Monitoring and Evaluation of Worksite Health Promotion Programs - Current state of knowledge and implications for practice. World Health Organization. Grimm, I. (2014). Healthcare… Continue Reading...

Public Health Law Case Study

healthier choices and decision (Gostin, 2000). Secondly, in public health, law as a core function mandates agents of change behavior to have product designs that are much safer and also the use of property. A good example is in the sense that the government undertakes the direct regulation of products that are unsafe by necessitating safety features and also indirect regulation through the tort system (Gostin, 2000). Essential Characteristics The author points out five essential characteristics of public health law. The following section will give a summary of these points and outline whether I agree or disagree with the… Continue Reading...

Psy600 Week 2 Assignment

in other fields. Instead, the article explores the phenomenon of adolescent behavior in this phase in terms of hiding information from their parents; and the need of intervention of a professional behavioral analyst, who tries to analyze such behavior through this significant life development phase. Explain any psychological theoretical perspectives presented in the article and why they are of particular interest to you One of the psychological theoretical perspectives addressed in the article is the autonomy relatedness perspective. This perspective asserts that healthy independent development can be realized only by repositioning the prevailing relationship between the parent and the… Continue Reading...

Germany and the Holocaust

According to Browning, it is purely psychosocial affair: "a peer group exerts tremendous pressures on behavior and sets moral norms."[footnoteRef:3] A culture of fear, in other words, drove the Germans to persecute the Jews -- to not do so would have meant that they themselves would be subject to persecution. It was, therefore, a "better you than me" mentality that allowed it to happen, so Browning's argument goes. [3: Christopher R. Browning, "Ordinary Men," in The Holocaust: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation, 4th ed., Donald L. Niewyk, ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2011), 90.] The problem with both arguments,… Continue Reading...

Struggle Between Gods and Demons

Hindu mythology, the gods engage in ongoing struggle, enduring opposition from demonic forces. Their challenges re overcome with tenacity, wit, and intelligence, providing a cosmic model on which human activity can be based. Moreover, the enmity of the gods and asuras highlights the central concept of balance in Hindu cosmology. The gods are shown to be up to the task of challenging demonic forces, but they are no more powerful than the asuras. In other words, Gods and anti-gods are equally matched. Their struggles can never truly be resolved, allowing Hindu mythology to assume its epic proportions as well as… Continue Reading...

Review Of Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

leadership style and emotional intelligence; commonly referred to as EI. Leadership thus constitutes adopting a specific style, behavior or stance which transforms a leader and helps them to become better and effective. So, it means that an effective leader is a construct that can be made. The importance thus of emotional intelligence of a leader in operating business today is all the more significant because it is not easy to break even under the existing austerity culture. The role of EI cannot be underestimated in generating sales in the industry and reading the consumer demands beyond just numbers. These… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

Different leaders espouse differing styles of leadership. The managers in various organizations benefit from diverse approaches comprising transformational leadership, transactional leadership, enigmatic leadership, dictatorial leadership or visionary leadership (Esfahani and Soflu, 2011). In the contemporary, there is increased consideration regarding the role that quality relationships play in the workplace and how they can profit the organization. Emotional intelligence is delineated as the subsection of social intelligence that takes into account the capability of an individual to monitor his or her own feelings and emotions as well as those of others, to distinguish amidst them and to utilize this information for… Continue Reading...

Treatment Modalities for Act and Ipt

more from an exploration of neuro-linguistic programming and other explorations of the interfaces between language and behavior, or language and attitudes. I would also want to adapt the practice to suit clients depending on their gender or cultural background or life experiences and goals. My goal as a therapist would be to offer the patient lifelong techniques they could incorporate, both behavioral and cognitive-emotional strategies. References "About IPT," (n.d.). Retrieved online: https://iptinstitute.com/about-ipt/ Dewane, C. (2008). The ABCs of ACT -- Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Social Work Today 8(5): p. 34. Hayes, S. (n.d.). ACT. Retrieved online: https://contextualscience.org/act Continue Reading...

The Secret Lion by Alberto Alvaro Rios Review

keep but lose it all the same. The reader is made to observe the behavior changes that occur in the boys prior to Arroyo. They are distancing themselves from the girls. Society is driving a wedge into the earlier established friendships that these youngsters had enjoyed and treasured. The boys now view the girls as the opposite sex; a perception that is distinctly different from the earlier one. They even have some form of attraction towards them. The boys have not found authentic ways to express their feelings to the girls so they device other ways to do it. In… Continue Reading...

East Asian History Questions

and was rendered as superior to ki, which manifests more concretely in human nature and behavior. At stake, therefore, was the very nature of existence and related to Confucian epistemology as well as cosmology and ontology. T'oegye believed that I and ki remained definitively separate, as they were constructed from completely different source energy or source material. Yet T'oegye also showed how both are present or at least influence human nature (Cua 104). The concept of the four beginnings can also be traced to Mencius, and provided Korean philosophers with the ability to assert that human nature was essentially… Continue Reading...

Legal Liability for Environmental Law Violation

Legal Issues Case Study Plastics and resins are manufactured in the United States using petroleum products including liquid petroleum gases (LPG), natural gas liquids (NGL), and natural gas since they are fuels in the manufacturing process. Given that resin manufacture is a high-volume procedure, profitability of companies that manufacture the product is dependent on their operating efficiencies. While large companies have significant economies of scale for purchasing raw materials and production, small companies compete effectively through manufacturing specialty resins and fibers. As the CEO of PRC, a small manufacturing in this industry, Gina is facing a legal issue because of… Continue Reading...

Marketing

look at the role salespeople's ability to manage their emotion has on their performance and behavior. It will bring to light an emotion regulation strategy which is adaptive for the management of negative emotions. A conceptual framework will be built to bring to light the place of cognitive reappraisal on the emotional well-being of salespeople as well as their motivation. The expected results are that there is a positive relation between adaptive selling behavior and cognitive reappraisal. Moreover, there is a negative relationship between cognitive reappraisal and emotional exhaustion and ruminative implications (Kemp et al., 2012). Introduction Salespeople operate… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

effect is explained by the social norms that govern human behavior. Sometimes helpers end up making problems worse, or the person may resent being helped. Most of the time, though, moral actions are required to improve the quality of life for all people in a city. For instance, a person who sees a child run out into the street needs to run after that child and not just stand there expecting that the parent will do it. If the parent returns and gets angry for a person for touching their child, at least the person saved the child's life.… Continue Reading...

Aztec and Pre Aztec and Inca Civilization

and had a great deal of sway over ideology, social norms, and behavior, evident in the layout of the cities and the ways public spaces determined the flow of people within them. Deities were symbolic, included in decorative elements like statues and paintings adorning the religious structures. The structures themselves, however, spoke more than the deities about the power vested in the power hierarchies that governed Inca and Aztec civilizations. References Cartwright, M. (2014). Inca architecture. Retrieved online: http://www.ancient.eu/Inca_Architecture/ Kleiner, F. S. (2016a). Gardner's art through the ages: Non-western art since 1300 (15th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. Kleiner,… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

though in exclusion of sometimes and places, untainted by frustrating behavior (Esposito 40-45). Works Cited Ahmed, Nazeer. Islam in Africa. History of Islam, 22 Dec. 2009. Web. 23 Nov. 2016. DeBrouse, Rachael. How did trade help spread early Islam? n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2016. Laguerta, Dianne. The relationship between trade & the spread of Islam - the classroom. 2001. Web. 23 Nov. 2016. Esposito, John L. Islam: The straight path. Vol. 4. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. pp. 37-67. Cook, Michael. A Brief History of the Human Race. WW Norton & Company, 2005. pp. 267-294 Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

HR productivity with regard to employee satisfaction, turnover intention, job involvement, and corporate citizenship behavior. From the aforementioned outcomes, it clearly follows that HR productivity will improve. Thus, company executives and supervisors should prove particularly efficient in integrating diverse age groups, cultures and genders, and strive to the best of their ability to organize multiplicity and diversity. For ensuring an edge over rivals in the current globalized world, multinationals should be cognizant of the significance of a culturally- diverse, -sensitive, and -- competent staff, and apply strategies which make the most of associated benefits. Diversity is most apparent and… Continue Reading...

Cultural Influences and Norms in Book Granny

origin, where they live and the language they speak. Even Fu Ping herself is not immune to this behavior that seems to be borne of who one knows, where they come from and so forth. There is even a revelation near the end of the story that is quite telling in terms of who Granny really is to Fu Ping. While everyone deals with cultural norms and trends in their own way, Fu Ping clearly contributed her own behaviors and patterns to the cliquish and cultural snobbery of her time and day. Reactions Of course, behavior that is focused… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Bias

that a crime was indeed committed. The Theory of Criminal behavior Related to the Selected Case Crime, its practice and existence is perceived through the social construction of criminality and the factors that make it happen. According to the traditional theories in sociology, crime was caused by lack of norms. This was immersed in a feeling of lacking the desired social connectedness. The term anomie was commonly used to refer to this scenario. It was further popularized by Emile Durkhein (1897). He also used the term to describe suicide. Sociologists refined the definition of the term to refer to a… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

As a result, human resources practices may inadvertently reflect sexist norms of organizational behavior. Stamarski & Hing (2015), for example, point out that human resources practices and policies, including decision-making processes, methods by which human resources policies are enacted and enforced, impact hiring, pay, and promotion of women in the workplace. Gender discrimination has been defined in the literature as the underrepresentation of women in elite leadership positions" simultaneous with the "undervaluation of women's effectiveness as leaders," (Paustian-Underdahl, Walker & Woehr, 2014, p. 1129). However, gender discrimination is also more complex than that. Therefore, the literature supports a view… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

Murder Inc. by Graham K. Bell   Book Summary Starting from the 1920s, the American crime landscape underwent a complete transformation under an all-star gang of thugs, garrotters, and snipers. Ethnic and religious diversity was evident in its members. A majority of them hailed from New York City itself, chosen from its toughest neighborhoods, including Ocean Hill, Brownsville, and Flushing. The exorbitant amount of crime they perpetrated led the media to name them "Murder, Inc.."This merciless gang, considered the innovation of Meyer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel, and other elderly gangsters, was quick to catch the entire nation's attention, and made headlines… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

with one's parents. Personality According to Sigmund Freud's theory on psychoanalytic of personality, human behavior results from the interaction of the three components of the mind: superego, ego and the id. The structural theory of personality emphasizes on conflict on the parts of the mind, personality and mind shape behavior. Such conflicts are thought to be unconscious, thus, Freud argued that the personality which develops during childhood is shaped through psychosexual stages that he called psychosexual theory of development. During the stages, the child faces conflict that results from social expectations and biological drives. These are internal conflicts, and if one… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

A comparative study of logistic operation in the military vs. commercial organization The past two decades have witnessed drastic transformations in civilian as well as military logistical settings. The commercial sector has been transformed by mass retailing, technological advancements, deregulation impacts, supply chains, etc. which have posed challenges to the commercial logistical setting. Simultaneously, military logisticians saw the Cold War era and associated strategies, a whole new kind of enemy, evolving military employees and sustained combat maneuvers within Third-World settings (Rutner, Aviles & Cox, 2012). Both groups have encountered tough choices, in addition to being pressured to review and perfect… Continue Reading...

Drugs and Gangs Among Detroit Teens

inner city. In this city, almost everything has been designed to take the course of drug behavior and activities, notably propagated into the lives of the young people. The young people have been made to design ways and means of making drug-dealing part of their complete lives. For instance, the city has been differentiated regarding the "spots" and "houses." Spots are the places where drug dealings take place while houses are places where people live (Bergmann, 2010, p.261). Drug deals are done and accomplished at the spots. Drugs are not found at home neither is the dealings done in… Continue Reading...

Literary Works Referring to the Mental Illness

mental disorder. The study also explores Guy's dilemma in Haiti who demonstrates an irrational behavior because of poverty. Being unable to fulfill the role of a husband and a father, Guy was always in a state of a depress. In a desperate move to change his life for better, Guy decided to fly a balloon to the America. However, the balloon engulfed in a flame leading to Guy's untimely death. The paper also explores the Barbie Doll poem revealing how society put an undue expectation on people. The poem revealed how the girl died because she wanted to fulfill… Continue Reading...

Hindu Life Cycle Experience and Way Of Life

not to taint their name or that of their family through any personal behavior. In contrast to other Western families, Leela's daughters are more emotionally close to their parents and experience much affection and care on their parents' part. Further, the parent-child bond continues to be strong even into adulthood and is expected to remain so in later life. This is the 'householder' phase of life where, after life's greatest sacred ritual, vivaha (marriage), Leela has gone from student to householder. Wealth or artha is her goal here, as her duty is chiefly raising the family. This constitutes her… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

.....police brutality against people of color has a long history in the United States, the Rodney King incident and the media attention it received promised to alter policy and public discourse. Yet police brutality continues to be a problem and threatens to undermine civil rights in America. Police brutality against visible minorities also erodes public trust in the institution of the law and the system of law enforcement. Those effects are palpable not only at the community level but also at the individual level of perceptions of police, as one study shows a substantial number of Americans have evolved contempt… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

engineering practices and materials, the engineer may face other ethical dilemmas regarding norms of behavior, organizational culture, and the workplace environment. Gender norms may be one of the most glaring differences in some situations; whereas norms related to deference to authority may be another difference that engineers face when they work internationally. Respect for local culture and traditions can be balanced with personal and professional integrity. Engineers might disagree with a country's policies, or those of its firm, and must in those situations remain solely focused on the job at hand, doing whatever he or she can to maintain… Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

importantly, the film features the ability of a powerful state entity to control the behavior of its citizens. The types of surveillance and brainwashing depicted in Captain America: Civil War are completely different from those used by the American government. However, the methods of surveillance used by the American government to spy on its own people may be no less sinister. The methods of surveillance used by the government cannot directly control peoples' minds and behavior of individuals, but can control other dimensions of the daily lives of citizens. Captain America: Civil War can be viewed as a metaphor… Continue Reading...

Art Education Field

A number of modifications have occurred within the area of arts instruction, leading to a redesigning of the whole curriculum. A few transformations involve modern trends like literacy training via art, worldwide popular culture, 21st-century abilities, social justice, art evaluation, cultural diversity, and interdisciplinary approaches. Teaching Literacy through Art According to Moody-Zoet, art-teaching offers distinctive and useful intellectual behaviors and skill sets which aid in the learning of other academic disciplines. The following skills are introduced, cultivated and honed by arts education: craft creation capacity; task involvement and determination when it comes to task completion; envisioning, expression, and seeking of… Continue Reading...

African Slave Trade

Resistance and Complicity It is impossible to understand or write about Africa's history without considering its relationship with continents like Europe and America. It is imperative that a discussion of the subject concentrate on Africans' pivotal shaping of world history (Lindsay, 2007). Europeans (i.e., Englishmen, Dutchmen, the Portuguese, and the French) contributed only superficially to shaping Africa's history during the Atlantic era's first two centuries, engaging in merchandizing and goods transportation between sea coasts. Only after 1640 did the Europeans, in what is known as the 2nd Atlantic Era (1640-1800s), begin demanding slaves and raw materials, commencing their cruel influence… Continue Reading...

Dbt and Family Based Therapy

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy Dialectical behavior therapy treatment (DBT) falls within the category of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Its main focus is on psychosocial characteristics. Based on the theory that emotions can trigger intense reactions in some persons (especially in family/friend or romantic situations), DBT proposes that the extreme swings in feeling can be better controlled by enabling the individual to more easily identify the kinds of thoughts and feelings that have an intense impact and prepare the person cognitively to approach these emotional surges in a new way.… Continue Reading...

Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Anxiety

for this, so researchers suggest, is that IPT focuses on one of the main drivers of human behavior and thinking -- which is the socialization process. By approaching the psychological disorder from this standpoint, IPT is able to redirect or alter the functionality of the patient's perspective and interpersonal interactions with others. Thus, the premise of IPT is that psychological disorders like depression stem not from biological factors but rather from socialization factors, fears, isolation, etc. The effectiveness of the therapy lies in its identification of the psychological disorder stemming from an interpersonal basis. By focusing on how the… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

policies and practices. In the same way, externalities also weakly influenced organizational executives' behavior owing to the lack of a perceptible feedback loop driving organizations to react to their non-financial problems and associated opportunities and risks to the company. Non-governmental organizations and regulators generally took care of negative externalities (Trunow and Linder, 2015). However, the past twenty years have witnessed a drastic transformation in the above dynamic, thanks, largely, to the speed with which information is transmitted on social media and the World Wide Web. Additionally, corporate supply chain extension and globalization to encompass developing and sharp-end markets has… Continue Reading...

Ted Talk About Body Language

Amy Cuddy's "Your Body Language Shapes Who You Are" TED talk is fascinating because it is so simple. The speaker begins by showing how body language is widely recognized and proven as being important factors in social situations. We judge people, consciously or not, on their body language. What Cuddy wanted to know is whether our own body language affects the way we think and feel about ourselves, to the point where our body language could eventually determine our behaviors and our outcomes in life. The researcher performed a study in which she asked participants to adopt either a high… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Positive Psychology Trends

.....refreshing trend in the field of psychology, positive psychology refers to a set of theoretical frameworks and practices that focus on how individuals can maximize happiness and wellbeing. Unlike traditional schools of thought in the field of psychology, positive psychology does not focus on pathology. Mental illness is not covered within the provisions of positive psychology. However much positive psychology echoes some of the tenets and tone of pop psychology trends, positive psychology has gained traction in academic circles and has received widespread support among researchers and members of the American Psychological Association including former president Martin Seligman. Given its… Continue Reading...

Evidence Based Nursing Practices

improvement for participating nursing students in terms of perceptions of EBP, beliefs and attitudes, EBP knowledge, as well as behavior levels. "Beginning competencies in EBP were achieved. Participants reported great satisfaction and have found this program helpful in promoting their analytical and problem-solving abilities, independent learning ability, and cooperative and communication abilities as well" (Zhang, Zeng, Chen, & Li, 2012, p. 570). In terms of research affecting existing knowledge within professional nursing, it ties in directly with the ongoing changes in healthcare. Research provides constant new information to nursing professionals concerning advancements and insights in healthcare. New treatment options,… Continue Reading...

Developmental Psychology

things. They experience considerable peer influence, particularly with regard to behavior, self-image, and sense of self (Teens development: overview, 2011). Cognitive Features Later adolescents' cognitive progress and intellectual and advanced reasoning/thinking abilities get reinforced. Adolescents start taking short- as well as long-term interests into consideration, and improve their capacity of judging alternatives, resolving issues, and establishing and attaining personal objectives. Consequently, they focus more on honing personal work habits. Adolescents' capacity of taking into account what the future holds, deciding, and scheduling personal tasks, responsibilities and social activities gets enhanced. Late teenagers' morals and values are reinforced and they… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

for research into the endogenous and exogenous factors that may cause or contribute to criminal behavior. Prisoners have long been viewed as a relatively dispensable part of the human population and the lack of attention given to their treatment remains a major ethnical infraction (Magaletta, et al., 2016). The psychological make-up of offenders, whose behavior may be symptomatic of underlying preexisting conditions ranging from mood disorders like anxiety and depression to personality disorders to psychoses, presents unique problems and challenges for prison administrators and correctional officers alike. Because criminal behavior can be the means by which mental illness first… Continue Reading...

Role Of Confucianism in Art in China

learning within the ordered framework of Confucianism. Confucian moral precepts for behavior are evident in the faded silk scroll painting attributed to Gu Kaizhi, "Admonitions of the Instructions to the Court Ladies." In this painting, the central figure Lady Feng puts herself between her husband and a wild animal about to attack him. Her courage is displayed as a "perfect model of Confucian behavior" because of her selflessness. Lady Feng is also flanked by two guardians wearing red, whose spears are about to kill the bear. Their military "valor" and their court patronage would have been integral themes in Confucian… Continue Reading...

Role Of Ceo in Effecting Positivity Among Employees

CEO Core values Sociability It is important for the manager in any organization always to remain social. Sociability is a merit that benefits interaction and integration of what is important within an organization. Organizations have what is presumably the need to make change through the involvement of the different people. Managers and leaders have the sole role of initiating what is paramount to them and to those they interact (Satinder & Joan, 2011). As seen with the behaviors and connotations of the CEO, much of what they do influences the organization positively and negatively. Therefore, it is important to ensure… Continue Reading...

Cross Cultural Impact Of China on Vietnam Today

flourish, would undermine the village pedagogue's attempts to uphold sinicization and the behavior recommended in Chinese books" (p. 28). While 19th century Europeans the main difference between Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries such as Siam as being related to Vietnam's propensity for bureaucratic practices, they also viewed these practices as being inferior to those in place in China. Other rifts began to occur in the Vietnamese-Chinese model, including the rise of a middle-class comprised of merchants that defied the traditional breakdown of social classes. As the author points out, "A more realistic profile of occupational classes in nineteenth-century… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

Myanmar During this time, the emphasis socially was on "proper behavior" and social rituals and customs Bureaucratic methods (including meticulous records keeping) was also brought to the villages. This was a time of great economic development, infrastructure improvements including dikes, agriculture, manufacturing (such as ceramics), and foreign trade The bureaucratic regime lasted only for 40 years, then the aristocrats start to rebel, leading to disruptions in trade, and weakening the government The Mac family of the Lower Red River Delta creates peace again. They also embolden the Confucian values, increasingly patriarchal social institutions. This period lasts all the way to… Continue Reading...

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

in order to move the individual towards the target behavior, ACT focuses on changing the function of thoughts so that they do not oppress the individual. ACT, in other words, focuses on the way in which a person interacts with the interior life. Two articles that discuss ACT are "Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Introduction" by Michael Twohig (2012) in Cognitive and Behavioral Practice and "Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Model, processes and outcomes" by Hayes, Luoma, Bond, Masuda, Lillis et al. (2012) in behavior Research and Therapy. As Twohig (2012) notes, ACT targets six psychological processes for functional change within… Continue Reading...

Return on Investment with Fall Prevention

EBP Programs There are two important things to remember when it comes to the health issues of older adults. First, older and senior adults account for the lion's share of healthcare problems and costs as compared to the younger groups. This makes sense as the body is aging and/or shutting down not to mention that the bad habits (if any) of a person in their younger years truly start to take hold and render their effects once a person reaches their 50's, if not before. Second, there are common sense and evidence-based ways to handle these issues and help improve… Continue Reading...

Motivational Theories Of Animal Shelters

Functional motivation suggests that psychological factors, such as a need to feel useful, a need for a sense of purpose, motivate volunteerism (Widjaja, 2010). Therefore, volunteerism can be framed within the tenets of basic behaviorism and cognitive-behavioral principles. If volunteering feels good, then a person will be increasingly motivated to volunteer. Volunteering is not always selfless and altruistic; it can be ego-driven. In some situations, the motivation to volunteer comes from concrete extrinsic variables such as receiving credit in school or one's place of employment (Widjaja, 2010). Social motives for volunteering include social pressure or even shaming (Widjaja, 2010). Individuals… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

that prenatal maternal stress has negative effects on long-term motor development, learning, and behavior of an infant (71). Based on existing literature, prenatal development issues, particularly stress and anxiety, affect the long- and short-term physical, cognitive or psychosocial development of an infant. The findings in these studies support the long-held belief across the globe that a woman's psychological well-being has considerable impacts on an infant. Week 3 - Discussion 1 Technology has positive and negative impacts on human development across different age groups including children and adolescents. For children, the positive impacts of technology include improved social development through… Continue Reading...

Sexual Health Resources

driving is involved, or public drinking. But while alcohol impairs functionality and alters behavior by reducing social anxiety, smoking does not necessary result in changes to one's behavior. It is not a drug that increases one's engagement in sexual activity in the way that alcohol does, though there may be some correlation with other risk-seeking or rebellious behaviors. Smoking impairs sexuality in terms of reducing overall healthfulness, decreasing attractiveness, and because it affects both sexual desire and sexual performance. Infertility in men is another long-term effect of smoking. The research is ongoing as to why this is, so that… Continue Reading...

Health Industry Professional Boards

They must also unhesitatingly expose any illicit or unscrupulous behavior of coworkers (Riddick, 2003). Solving Areas of Conflict According to the ANA's ethical code for the nursing profession, nurses need to prioritize preservation and protection of patients' informed decision rights. They are duty-bound to offer correct, full, and comprehensible facts to patients, thereby enabling patients to ascertain the desired treatment technique. Nursing professionals' chief duty is to patients in their charge, and the organization rebuffs all ideas of NPs placing employer goals above those of delivering quality care (ANA Defends the High Standard of Care Advanced Practice Nurses Provide… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Emotional Intelligence in Life

Emotional intelligence is what makes people effective in social situations, or in any situation requiring self-control or calm responses to stress. In fact, a large component of what people used to call "street smarts" is related to emotional intelligence, because emotional intelligence refers to the ability to read other people, read situations, and react in ways that are conducive to desirable results. Emotional intelligence is easily as important as intellectual intelligence in predicting overall success and happiness. Depending on one's career field, emotional intelligence may even be more important than intellectual intelligence or "book smarts." For example, in fields like… Continue Reading...

Cash Rich Company Analysis

assessing Company A's paid 3-month sick leave. This kind of behavior will not bode well with Company B, especially since Company will own roughly 85% of Company B. The aim then becomes to lessen the amount of paid sick leave offered to 1.5 months or 6 weeks. While this may upset some of the employees in Company A, it will fall in line with the attitudes and work ethic in Company B. Company B. values efficiency and has achieved cash-rich status because of the company's work policies. Ways to circumvent the resistance to such changes in Company A would… Continue Reading...

Terry Vs Ohio

at trial (Samaha, 2012). The court essentially maintained that, in the event law enforcement officials notice behavior which gives rise to suspicions regarding potential crime, and abide by the correct procedure, they are entitled to safeguard both themselves and the public by carefully searching the suspects. In Terry's case, frisking scope did not pose any issues with regard to standards. Rationale The chief rationale for the Supreme Court's ruling in this case was offered by Chief Justice Earl Warren. While Amendment IV does safeguard citizens from unwarranted searches and appropriations, it offers no protection to people behaving threateningly or… Continue Reading...

Style Of Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

The role of leaders in the present-day service-oriented organizations entails inspiring and motivating subordinates, promoting positive work-related attitudes, and developing a feel of both importance and involvement in and with subordinates. The aforementioned modern leadership tasks place novel demands on programs designed to teach people requisite skills and transform them into leaders. There are also increased demands on companies engaged in choosing leaders, to identify key leadership skills in the candidate pool. Consequently, researchers have focused on examining the fundamental characteristics and performance of successful leaders who effectively assume the mentioned modern leadership responsibilities, to determine leadership training and selection… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

uses techniques from several other therapeutic methods. Such methods are training in anxiety management, bibliotherapy, behavior rehearsal, communication training, biofeedback, modeling, positive reinforcement, positive imagery, modeling contingency contracting, sensate-focus training and self-instruction training (Aihie, 2009). What is meant by a multimodal approach to treatment? This therapy applies many treatment methods. It is also known as multimodal and combination therapy. Multimodal therapy often uses such methods as educational interventions, programs for behavior modification, psychological treatment, and medical treatment. In addition, answer the query of how an open -- ended interview might be the best technique for use in the treatment… Continue Reading...

Legal Psychology and Victimization

the idea that some types of people manifest certain behavior tendencies and patterns. A jury informed of such patterns, is better equipped to ascertain probale suspects (Ebisike, 2007). Profiling driven by psychological processes has an impact on the strategies and suggestions for evidence presentation by both offenders and victims. In the offender's case, profiling suggests the most effective style of interviewing to apply when such an offender has been taken into custody/apprehended. Since offenders vary in their personality and circumstance, interrogation techniques will inevitably vary. Rapists provide a classic case of offenders that need a uniquely different approach in… Continue Reading...

Strategic Importance Of Outsourcing in U.s. Manufacturing Company

Strategic Importance of Outsourcing in U.S. Manufacturing Company An increase in market competitions, decision to lower production costs and shortened time to market are the driving forces that make a large number of manufacturing companies adopting the outsourcing policy. Outsourcing is the management policy of allowing the third party external providers to take up the activities of non-core activities of an organization to make firms focusing on the core businesses. In the contemporary global business environment, firms are required to produce the innovative products, and developing a new strategy to increase profitability, outsourcing has become a new business technique that… Continue Reading...

Emotional Exhaustion Among Salespeople

role stress and burnout among salespeople. The authors state role stressors are researched lengthily in regards to the behavior of salespeople. From this research came interest in role ambiguity and role conflict. Those working as salespeople and telemarketing personnel may benefit from examination of those important antecedents. Stress and coping is section 2.3 and discusses coping processes and identification of factors that lead to influence over behavioral and physical outcomes. These are: situational and personality characteristics as well as a person's disposition to any coping style. The authors focus on Lazarus and Folkman's examination of stress, coping, and associated… Continue Reading...

Observing and Reporting Surroundings at a Va Medical Center

veterans and their family members. Your reaction to the situation in terms of your behavior/feelings To be brutally honest, my first reaction to the wounded warriors I saw trying to navigate their way through a busy parking lot in wheelchairs and on crutches made me cringe. Even the smell of the facility upon entry was unpleasant, and I wanted to execute an about face and try something else. Nevertheless, I had made an appointment and had been assured my help was needed that day so I marched on to the volunteer window where I presented myself for duty. My first… Continue Reading...

Frankfurt School and Political Science on Totalitarianism

as observation in order to integrate data from which could be culled patterns of thinking and behavior. This methodology allowed the Frankfurt School philosopher to identify patterns that could explain the psychology behind social thought and social submission to totalitarian forms of government (Adorno et al. 12). Arendt, for her part, uses personal experience and a victim narrative in conjunction with the narrative depicting Hitler as evil authoritarian to convey an argument about how nationalist fervor can blind people to sad and tragic realities. Arendt's argument follows thus: the psychology of ordinary Germans following Hitler was supported by the… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

they often comment, on their personal sites, about managers, coworkers, and even clients. What are the dangers of such behavior for the employee and employer? There are dangers for both employees and employers with respect to active social networkers sharing information about their company. For the employers, the danger is that workplace secrets are not safe any longer and therefore they have to make the supposition that any aspects that take place within the work setting, be it new products, new policies or new issues, could become public at any given moment. On the other hand, for employees, the… Continue Reading...

Gender Identity in Life Span Development

this acronym doesn't sufficiently represent the wide gamut of identity, attraction, and gender identity-related behavior. The social work profession needs to constantly endeavor to gain a better grasp of societal diversity, so as to better cater to clients who come with various queries and issues (Dunk, 2007). We must work to build a welcoming, inclusive atmosphere, irrespective of the kind of population we tend to face. The application of more inclusive language, particularly with respect to gender and sexual minorities, will help us cultivate an improved, therapeutic and safe atmosphere for all clients (Irvin & Mckay, 2013). How individuals'… Continue Reading...

Empirical Research Developmental Theory

self-identification during adolescence reported earlier sexual attraction and sexual behavior as compared to those with self-identification during adulthood. Delving further, Calzo et al. (2011) examined the aspect of timing of sexual orientation milestones in a group of sexual minorities. In general, results of the study indicated that younger participants and a great deal of older participants were categorized to the early profile. This suggested that early development is a common aspect irrespective of age cohort. As pointed out by Cochran and Mays (2006), the augmentation of sexuality saliency in the course of transitions to adolescence, the concerns for non-heterosexual… Continue Reading...

Personal Statement for Law School

strict Muslim parents are a minority, and nowhere in the Quran does it condone such behavior. This behavior is patriarchy and misogyny, plain and simple. The freedom I had previously fully enjoyed vanished. I was no longer allowed to leave the house without an older sibling and had a 7:00 PM curfew. I was no longer allowed to see my friends outside of school. I was switched to a same sex high school. This action ostracized me as "the other," and anger started to be a constant companion. My anger created an "innate right to fight." My experience opened… Continue Reading...

How a Genogram Can Help in Therapy

not indicate the drinking as a factor in Juan's behavior or medical history as it is not considered an issue and has not been a factor in any of the situations for which the social worker was utilized. However, the need to blow off steam may indicate a high stress level that is being manifested in the way he treats his children. The extent of Juan's stress may need to be uncovered by future visits with the social worker and as the causes of stress are identified practical solutions may be developed to help mitigate the risk of adverse… Continue Reading...

Use Of Smartphones and Sleep Time

¶ … sleep and electronics. In particular, this research paper aims to explore the possible effects of screen time on sleep, based on experiences from participants in a survey. Prior to conducting the survey, the hypothesis was 'more screen time equals less sleep time'. Surveys are a valid research method to help test hypotheses by collecting information in the form of responses from target populations. By asking if screen time (e.g., video games, computers, mobile devices, and television) affected sleep outcomes of teenagers aged 14-18, the research paper could discover a negative correlation between screen time and sleep time. The… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

There are multiple stages of development that all children go through. The depth and breadth of these developmental changes ebb and flow greatly as growing children move from one stage of development to the next. Overall, there are several major developmental stages in the life of a child. There are the toddler years, the prepubescent years and the adolescent/teenage years. The brief literature review that follows in this report shall focus on the last of those. To be complete with this analysis, adolescence is not the end of human development given that many suggest that development extends into the 20's… Continue Reading...

Article Analysis on Ergonomics

the ability to persist against obstacles (Szalma, 2014, p. 1454). These variables can help to explain human behavior outcomes with regard to how humans respond to their environment -- and technology being part of the environment thus becomes a principal player in that outcome. Thus, the theory's usage is justified by the idea that an interface is meant to support an individual in attaining a goal as well as in the construction of meaning for the activity within the given context (Szalma, 2014, p. 1455). The central concept utilized in the study is the self-determination theory of motivation and… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

cosmological and social order, Vishnu and other divine entities use avatars to influence human behavior. Their influence is based on the need to preserve order, and to instruct humanity in how to best pursue their ethical duty or dharma. In the Mahabharata, the process of avatara is presented as a means of reinforcing human submission to the gods. In the Ramayana, the process of avatara is presented as a means of preserving social hierarchies, political order, and particularly the patriarchal order. Works Cited Halligan, Fredrica R., n.d., "Avatar." Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion, pp. 89-90. Jones, Naamleela Free, 2015,… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Nigeria and Boko Haram

a breakdown of the social contract manifested in opportunistic behavior, economic stagnation, and lack of functioning institutional mechanisms for policy conduct and conflict resolution," (p. 536). How can Nigeria diversify its economy so that infrastructure and viable employment opportunities in Northern Nigeria render Boko Haram irrelevant? What economic sectors other than oil can Nigeria rely on for the empowerment of its people? 2. Using deprivation theory, it is important to immediately create job creation policies and programs. What is the development threshold in terms of rate of unemployment or family income that renders Boko Haram irrelevant? 3. The Nigerian… Continue Reading...

International Law on Overt and Covert Interventions

The international law is the universal rules and principles guiding the conducts and relations between nation-states, and international organizations. The modern concept of international law started in the 17th century, and has been accepted as the rules and conducts guiding the relations among nation states. In the contemporary international environment, rules and principles guiding the states' conducts have become critically important to maintain international peace and security, and preventing violation and aggression. However, the principle of the international law prohibits the use of force against other state actors except where the security council authorizes the use of military force to… Continue Reading...

Choice Theory and Human Behavior

Glasser's internal control approach labeled as 'Choice Theory' postulates that the following five fundamental needs drive all of human behavior -- a physiological need to survive and 4 psychological needs (belongingness or love or acceptance; authority or acknowledgement or accomplishment; independence, or individuality or choice; and learning or excitement or enjoyment. To sum up, choice theory basically suggests that one's behavior is one's own choice. People develop all through the course of their lifespan. In this context, the term 'development' may be defined as: one's capacity of making progressively better choices with regard to fulfilling one's fundamental needs. A… Continue Reading...

Exclusive Vs Inclusive Styles Of Leadership

beliefs should be a major factor in the governing style and behavior of the inclusive leader. As Doh and Quigley (2014) note, inclusive leadership that takes into consideration cultural diversity can be a very effective approach especially in cross-cultural situations (for example, in international business dealings). Even in domestic dealings, cross-cultural situations are more and more likely to occur in the 21st century as globalization and migration continue. Thus, it is a major part of being an inclusive leader to consider the diverse ways that culture and beliefs might impact a direction that the organization chooses to take. Knott,… Continue Reading...

Main Systems Of Human Body

The circulatory or cardiovascular system is responsible for moving nutrients, wastes and gases between body cells, transporting blood across the whole body and battling disease (Circulatory System). Its principal elements are the heart, numerous blood vessels, and blood. The heart forms the circulatory system's core. This 2-sided, 4-chambered pump which distributes blood to various arteries comprises of the right and left ventricles, and right and left atria. The ventricles, situated within the heart's lower half, are responsible for pumping blood to the whole body (away from our heart), whilst the atria, situated within the heart's upper half are in charge… Continue Reading...

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Of Angelina Jolie

the following: spending, substance abuse, sex, binge eating, reckless driving, which are known to potentially cause self-damage. • Repeated suicidal behavior, threats, or gestures, or self-inflicting behavior • Marked mood reactivity resulting to affective instability (e.g. irritability, severe, episodic dysphoria, or anxiety that usually lasts for a few hours to a few days in some cases. • Long-term feeling of emptiness • Intense, inappropriate anger or problem with controlling anger (e.g. frequent expression of anger, consistent anger, repeated physical fights) • Temporary paranoid ideation related to stress or serious dissociative symptoms (American Pschiatric Association, 1994). In particular, Angelina Jolie's diagnosis… Continue Reading...

Psychotherapy Using Ipt and Act

unwillingness to commit to a therapist, evidence by her avowed "therapist shopping," her persistent self-destructive behavior such as high-risk sex, and her general recklessness, the most appropriate DSM-V diagnosis for Jen at the moment will be Borderline Personality Disorder. However, this is a tentative diagnosis until more can be learned about Jen. She may also be experiencing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, as she admits experiencing systematic abuse from her stepfather. Currently, Jen meets several of the criteria for Borderline Personality Disorder (APA, 2012). The first is her self-direction issues, as her goals, aspirations, and career plans are focused on exotic… Continue Reading...

Post Feminism and Hip Hop

Carnal teachings: raunch aesthetics as queer feminist pedagogies in Yo! Majesty's hip hop practice" by Jilian Hernandez, the essay explores the concept of 'raunch aesthetics' in the video for the song, "Don't Let Go." Hernandez also explore the notions of community cultural capital, color blind/new racism, and postfeminism through the performance of the women in the video. Hernandez's interpretation of queer and feminist teachings via these four concepts and through the music video provides a unique look, into analysis of text and visuals to gather and form ideas and theory. The first concept to analyze is 'raunch aesthetics'. A term… Continue Reading...

Improving Health Welfare for a Vulnerable Population Community

Evidence-based nursing interventions that will provide quality care to vulnerable populations There is evidence in innovative health programs whose outcomes are Hospice care with increased patient and caregiver satisfaction costs lower than the conventional care; programs with community-based care reduces the severity of symptoms and results in a rapid functioning; for the frail elderly, it results in improved satisfaction; Patient empowerment, especially with the frail elderly and disabled adults, brings satisfaction and knowledge about their care; for the mentally ill, it lowers the rate of homelessness and for patients with diabetes or congestive heart failure, it decreases the morbidity. Usually,… Continue Reading...

The Morality Of Punishment for Actions

a crime, but this does not guarantee improvement in behavior. Deterrence, on the other hand, is based on the idea that man freely chooses his actions in such a way that his pleasure would be maximized and his pain minimized. Committing criminal acts to solve one's problems becomes less likely as one realizes the certain, swift and harsh punishment for committing such acts. According to Oleson & Mackinnon (2015), any kind of sanction has a likely deterrent effect on an individual as long as one recognizes its certainty, severity and swiftness. According to Hobbes (2010), the utmost aim or… Continue Reading...

Life's Meaning Defined by Viktor Frankl

orientation often entails working with other people. Frankl mentions a study of boy scouts who had been exhibiting aggressive behavior, and that aggressive behavior subsided when they were put to the task of working together. The collaboration process provides people with a sense of meaning. There is more to finding meaning than simply working with others on collaborative tasks, of course. Frankl finds that people struggle to find meaning when they focus too much on the big picture before they learn how to find meaning in the small details, in the mundane, or in daily life. Frankl uses the… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

people and the worldviews they maintain, they chiefly convey it through their behavior (knowing); for instance, reading the rosary, seeking perfection by meditating, meeting with religious others, or supporting racial justice (Bender 3). Briefly, spirituality entails kinds of action, theology and devotion. Secondly, it indicates spiritual approaches' diversity of distribution over religious customs, such that a few religious customs will more likely stress on knowing via one's heart instead of via the mind. Further, religious bodies and customs create and communicate the above styles. Every religious community and tradition will probably have symbols and figures to epitomize diverse styles;… Continue Reading...

Communicating Effectively for New Couples

superior self-esteem entails harboring positive, reasonable thoughts of oneself and the surrounding world, recognizing one's value and portraying responsible behavior towards other people. Self-esteem deals with self-respect rather than self-absorption. It develops by working inside out (change your outlook prior to altering external circumstances). Such positive thinking should aim at developing a positive self-concept: You need to have an honest view of yourself and accept yourself, eliminating every internal obstacle preventing you from being at your best. The present world is highly complicated and complex and to effectively tackle the challenges currently encountered, developing a sound personal foundation is… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

P. (2012). Differences in perceptions of access to finance between potential male and female entrepreneurs. International Journal of Entrepreneurial behavior & Research, 18(1), pp.75-97. Lewis, P. (2006). The Quest for Invisibility: Female Entrepreneurs and the Masculine Norm of Entrepreneurship. Gender, Work and Organisation, 13(5), pp.453-469. Lewis, P. (2013). The Search for an Authentic Entrepreneurial Identity: Difference and Professionalism among Women Business Owners. Gender, Work & Organisation, 20(3), pp.252-266. Lundstrom, A. (2013). Social Entrepreneurship: Leveraging Economic. 1st ed. Wien: Springer International Publishing, p.288. Mumby, D. (2012). Organisational communication. 1st ed. SAGE Publications, p.212. MYUNG-OK LEE, M. (2012). What It Was… Continue Reading...

Diversity and Cultural Assessment

evaluate when and how their attitudes, beliefs, and values affect a subordinate's behavior. One can do so with the Hofstede's cultural assessment model. The model can be used as an effective means of evaluating various cultural contexts. "It is proposed that a model adapted from the work of Hofstede offers one useful framework for assessing groups from different cultural contexts, which can strengthen the practice of adventure programs to better meet the needs of participants" (Chang, Tucker, Norton, Gass, & Javorski, 2016, p. 1). There are 4 basic characteristics that would make up a global leadership model, to consider.… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

or saving are deemed compulsory. This particular aspect influences the financial behavior of households. To begin with, labeling money for certain spending categories might result in overspending and under spending. For instance, if the budget is higher, there is likelihood of high spending and vice versa. Therefore, mental budgeting helps evade undesirable balances within certain mental budgets. Research Model A research methodology and model offers a basis from which means of collecting data and processing it will be supported. In addition to that, it offers a way through which the questions outlined in the research will be taken into… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Harassment at the Workplace

worker with respect to race/ethnicity, gender, etc. Sexual harassment includes sexist behavior, sexual hostility, unwanted sexual attention, and sexual coercion in which one's gender or sex is the primary target. According to Bhattarai (2016), discrimination and harassment happen in many workplaces and one such incident happened in august 9, 2016 in which Chipotle Mexican Grill was ordered to pay $550,000 to a former employee of its Dupont Circle store for having discriminated and fired a pregnant employee. Doris Garcia Hernandez, 31, who worked at the Chipotle on M. Street NW, adds that she was not allowed to drink water… Continue Reading...

Information Technology Goes on and on

a criminal. Moreover, he is one who was fairly notorious for engaging in the fraudulent behavior the company wants to limit. UNIT 7 DISCUSSION Topic 1: Information Security Managers should make information security a prime concern because of the increasing prevalence of security breaches in IT. Additionally, data assets are invaluable to most companies and require protection as such. Why should managers make information security a prime concern Topic 2: SCADA Why are federal authorities so worried about SCADA attacks? Federal authorities are concerned about SCADA attacks because of their efficacy. They can take over physical equipment and industrial… Continue Reading...

Economic Inequality and Austerity Motivator for Revolution

from a gap has been the major determinant of violent behavior. Typically, income inequality has a strong correlation with mass violence, and the higher the level of income inequality, the higher the probability of mass violence and political revolution. In 2010, a 26-year-old grocery vendor set himself ablaze in Tunisia because the police confiscated his goods. The event took place in a depressed area of Tunisia where the youth unemployment was more than 40%. The uprising occurred on the following day making a large proportion of the population to protest violently. The issue had the traits of a revolution… Continue Reading...

Psychological Case Study Using Ipt

like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) offer "a unified model of behavior change applicable to human beings in general, not just those fitting certain diagnostic criteria," (Hayes, Pistorello & Levin, 2012, p. 978). ACT also avoids overreliance on diagnoses (Hayes & Lillis, 2012; Twohig, M.P., 2012). In Dawn's case, Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) might be indicated due to the proven efficaciousness of the modality: deMello, Mari, Bacaltchuk & Neugebauer (2005) performed a meta-analysis and found that IPT leads to results comparable to medical interventions for depression, and in fact the results "did not increase when combined with medication," (deMello, et… Continue Reading...

Kings County Library Changes Needed

or a general commitment to doing whatever is needed for the patrons of the library, this pattern of behavior and service needs to be installed and ingrained into all of the people that are remotely client-facing. The people are why the library is there, and this is true from a funding standpoint as well as those people being patrons, and thus they should get the assistance they need and generally be treated with respect. The other aspect is the modernity and updated nature (or lack thereof) of the library and its services. This would and should include improving the… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture and Communication

.....multinational organization determines to integrate its leaders. Which of the leaders will experience the greatest challenges to their power, influence, and authority: the Eastern leaders coming into Western offices or the Western leaders coming into Eastern offices? Why? This question is problematic because it has several underlying assumptions that need to be addressed. First, there is no indication of where the multinational organization is based, which would impact its core organizational culture and vision. Second, the question assumes homogeneity among people considered "Eastern" and "Western." These are value-laden as well as outmoded binaries. Moreover, an Eastern person can be Indian… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

When Neo-Confucianism arrived in Japan in the 16th century, it built on the pre-existing ideas of Confucianism that had already been imported into the island centuries earlier (Tsutsui 104). As far back as the 5th century, the Japanese had mixed with Confucian ideas about society and the role of the person in the world. Confucian ideas taught the Japanese about what it means to be a moral person. However, the Japanese also incorporated Buddhist concepts into their culture -- and these focused on the metaphysical side of nature and how to define reality (or unreality). These two systems of thought,… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Managerial Skills

Personal Skills Assessment and Analysis Report Developing optimally effective managerial skills can be a challenging enterprise in any industry, and it is axiomatic that it is essential to measure individual strengths and weaknesses in order to identify strengths to build on as well as opportunities for improvement. To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning effective management practices in general and how these practices can be leveraged to contribute to the creation of a high-performance organization. In addition, a self-assessed personal assessment of management skills questionnaire developed by Whetton and Cameron (2010) is used to… Continue Reading...

Organizational Change and Leadership Effectiveness

.....change management for any leader. The most important feature of change management for any leader is the alignment of company culture and its behaviors to suit desired outcomes. Therefore, change management depends on setting strategic goals and objectives first, and then managing change incrementally. As Jones, Aguirre & Calderone (2014) put it, "plans themselves do not capture value; value is realized only through the sustained, collective actions" of the organization's members. This is especially true in large organizations, but change management strategies and philosophies apply to organizations of all sizes and types. When leaders are managing long-term major changes in… Continue Reading...

Business Organization Questions

more productive than a group in which the individuals react to stress in unhealthy ways, such as with hostile-aggressive behavior, complaining, or clamming (Mosely, Mosely & Pietri, 2015, p. 385). If leaders do not help their subordinates manage stress, these behaviors can create a toxic work environment for everyone. The leader can take responsibility for their subordinate's stress management by not engaging in poor stress responses, mitigating problems with strong and decisive yet compassionate language. Listening to employee grievances, asking open-ended questions, and diffusing hostility are essential approaches (Mosely, Mosely & Pietry, 2015). However, the leader can also develop… Continue Reading...

Organizational Behavior and Communication Styles

beings for the unique contributions they can offer (p. 8). Conclusion This research has shown how theories of organizational behavior and interpersonal communication apply to real life scenarios. As Ellemers, et al. (2003) show in their research, individuals construct their identities in the workplace and it is necessary to recognize the complex factors that impact small and large groups. This was true for Yash, especially. As Reece & Reece (2016) also point out, all work is relational. Even when working alone, as Greg was empowered to do at the gym, an individual still remains connected with other people through the process… Continue Reading...

Violence, Sex and Other Things

media contributes to the emergence and exhibition of violent behavior in young people, or at least the desensitization to violence. The American Psychological Association summarizes the body of literature and claims that at the very least, extensive exposure to violent imagery can desensitize a child to violence ("Television and Video Violence," n.d.). Other research may reveal a more causal relationship between exposure to violence in the media and violent behavior. For example, a meta-analysis of 15 different studies has shown "evidence strongly suggests that exposure to violent video games is a causal risk factor for increased aggressive behavior, aggressive… Continue Reading...

Method to Motivate Multigeneration Workforce

The multigenerational workforce in the United States presents a critical challenge for managers because each generation requires different expectations. Over the last few decades, the U.S. workforce has become so unique and diverse involving the mix of generation, gender, and ethnicity for the first time in the history of United States, workplace demographic spans four generations. The 2008 and 2009 U.S. economic crisis makes many older workers delaying retirement leading to a rich mixture of generation across different sectors. Consequently, this shift affects the workplace culture since values, attitudes as well as workplace style differ across a different generation. Moreover,… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

also correlations between frequent exposure to pornography and sexually coercive behavior later in the child's life (Campo, 2016). It is therefore imperative to eliminate child exposure to pornography. Yet the more pernicious problem related to the coerced participation of children in either amateur or professional pornography is something that has not bee studied in as much detail. Obviously coercion of any type implies force; the child will often be psychologically manipulated if not outright physically forced to either watch pornography with the perpetrator or perform sexual acts in front of a camera with or for the perpetrator. The long-term… Continue Reading...

Nursing Alarm Safety and Alarm Management

.....clinician responses to alarms? For example: Physical barriers, physical layout of the unit, RN-pt ratio. The observed influences include the type of alarm, such as whether it was a bed or bathroom alarm versus a technology alarm coming from something like the IV pump. 2. How, as a student, are you educated about alarms and your response to them? How might education regarding the various patient alarms be an issue associated with alarm response? I have done some research on the clinical implications of alarms and alarm fatigue. For example, Cyach, et al. (n.d.) found that too many alarms causes… Continue Reading...

Relationship Of Food and Ritual in India

Saving the Cows, Starving the Children" by Sonia Faleirojune and the article entitled "Food Price Inflation in India: Causes and Cures" by Pradeep Agrawal and Durairaj Kumaraswamy in the Indian Economic Review available from JSTOR both address food issues in India. These articles appealed to me because I find India to be a fascinating country where there is so much potential for greatness yet so much inherent contradictory actions and agendas that frustrate the country's advances. Faleirojune focuses on the contradiction at the heart of India's policy towards banning beef: cows are literally everywhere in India and could be used… Continue Reading...

Sociology Article and How It Relates to a Theory

with a position of power and authority can lead to blurred boundaries between appropriate and inappropriate professional behavior in spite of codes of ethics that might inform and constrain such behavior. In a research study focusing on physical therapists, similar results were shown to be the case. Almost 1000 therapists were surveyed, and it was found that "sexuality is part of the physical therapy practice environment and physical therapists' understanding of sexual boundaries is ambiguous," (Roush, Cox, et al., 2014, p. 327). Feminist theory shows how a patriarchal institution frames women's bodies in particular as being objects. The doctor… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

disorders (Perkins & Bermann, 2013). Communication failure is believed to be one source of language disorders resulting in problematic behavior. Kids showing poor language proficiency will be more prone to struggling with turn taking and other pragmatic language elements that can hinder their social growth and routine conversations with educators and fellow students. According to Stevenson (1996), such communication can frustrate language-impaired pupils and give rise to internalizing as well as externalizing. Sociocognitive deficiencies have also been associated with language impairment. Language-impaired pupils might display lower self-esteem, and may thus be vulnerable to displaying antisocial behaviors. Such students are… Continue Reading...

Lateral Violence

Lateral violence is inappropriate and disruptive conduct by an employee within a healthcare environment. Such behavior may be directed towards an employee at the same level or a junior member of staff. Although, sometimes, such behavior is openly shown by certain employees, often, it is subtle, quietly meted and repeated. It gets worse over time. If observed in isolation, such behavior may seem harmless at first glance. However, cumulatively, the aggressive behavior and insults amount to seriously harmful practices to the nurses they are directed at (Christie & Jones, 2014). LV shows a consistent pattern of behavior that is… Continue Reading...

How to Grow the Economy

businesses will just store and hold the money to build up their stock of cash. Such behavior is not the goal of the tax cuts, for obvious reasons. Even so, businesses might be hesitant to spend and invest when the economic outlook is less than stellar (Samwick, 2016). Regardless, more spending typically means more demand and that is often the entire reason why the tax cuts are done in the first place. Government spending is seen as another way, albeit inferior, to do the same thing. After all, the building of roads and bridges incurs demand but that money… Continue Reading...

Cognitive and Behavioral Development Of an Adolescent

Riley's behavior Analysis Theories of moral and cognitive development can be used in understanding Riley's case and behavior. According to the Piaget's theory of development, children go through various stages in life. Theories of development reveal that when a student is in high school or the 10th grade, he or she undergoes through a period of personal development through the creation of identities. At this stage, individuals are preparing for adulthood and gaining more independence just as adolescents become experimenters in their lives. Piaget proposed a theory of development where… Continue Reading...

Self Identity

Cheesman (2002) conducted a study on Karen identity in the Union of Myanmar with regards to historical and social conditions. The study found that Karen identity is a relatively difficult identity because individuals from this ethnic background do not have a common language, material attributes, religion and culture. While most of the existing assessments of this ethnic identity have been carried out in Thailand, it is largely influenced by historical and social conditions in the Union of Myanmar. Based on a review of contemporary Myanmar, people of Karen identity are seemingly virtuous, illiterate (uneducated), and oppressed. Many aspects relating to… Continue Reading...

Cultural Mindset

the leader set the tone on how the employees will follow. Therefore, by exemplifying a behavior that embraces diversity in thoughts, perspectives and culture, it paves way for other employees to be able to corporate varied perspectives in the dynamic setting. Negotiation Strategies the Inclusive Leader Could Apply to Craft a Common Cultural Mindset In order to craft a common cultural mindset, the inclusive leader could apply different negotiation strategies. To begin with, one of the efficacious strategies to make use of is identifying conflicting and contradictory standpoints. This is necessary to comprehend the magnitude to which the different… Continue Reading...

Women and Minorities in Leadership and Stem Annotated

Latino/a and White men and women engineering students. Journal of Vocational behavior, 88, 95-103. • As noted by the title, this study makes use of what is known as the Social Cognitive Career Theory, or SCCT for short. A group of 350 engineering students were part of the focus group. The group that was most represented was Latinos with 172. There were also 155 whites and 23 people of mixed race status. It was found that the academic persistence model was a great fit for the engineering environment and prism that was used for this report. There were significant… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

does this combining various representations of exotic sceneries, supernatural events, and measured luxury of event, personality, behavior, sentiment, and speech (Beckford 374). The use of evil ambience, spirits, and djinns shows just how well Beckford combines the two aspects and in turn generating a fantasy story tale that has magic, horror, and romance in it (Al-Alwan 48). 2. Orientalism was quite prevalent in the 18th Century, the time when Beckford was writing "Vathek". The Middle East was represented in a typecast manner that personified a colonialist outlook. Beckford, largely in the disposition of Orientalism as he is, utilizes Orientalist… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

related to the "breakdown of the social contract," leading to the patterns of behavior evident in terrorist organizations (Osumah, 2013, p. 536). With a lack of cogent counterterrorism policy in Nigeria, there are few mechanisms whereby Boko Haram can be effectively stopped or a means to stop the spreading of radicalism. By applying diffusion of innovation theory in a quantitative study, it may be possible to influence Nigerian policy with the ultimate goal of stopping Boko Haram. Boushey (2012) shows how counterterrorism policy follows a diffusion of innovation pattern known as punctuated equilibrium, which aligns with this specific research… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

of power by the state to restrict free speech, sexual behavior, or other personal, private choices. However, since Mill wrote, even a number of sympathetic philosophers have found the harm principle to be problematic because of its failure to consider social consequences of apparently self-injurious activities. [1: David Brink, "Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy," The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016, https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2016/entries/mill-moral-political/>.] [2: Ibid.] Further Elucidation of the Harm Principle First and foremost, to critique the harm principle, it is essential to understand what constitutes harm in Mill's estimation. A harm is something far more serious than what Mill categorizes… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

in a sport and fitness center elevated perceived value, enhanced customer satisfaction, reduced complaint behavior, and ultimately increased the likelihood of renewed membership and continued use of the center facilities" (p. 757). In other words, the better quality service that fitness clubs provide, the more likely the overall fitness industry is to thrive in Hong Kong. Being a service economy, this makes the most sense when trying to understand how the fitness industry could find traction in Hong Kong. Because Hong Kong is increasingly becoming a tourist destination, Chan (2014) notes that Hong Kong should establish more venues that… Continue Reading...

Starbucks Financial Assessment

1. Introduction Firms may be successful by satisfying customer needs, but their ultimate accountability for financial performance is to the owners of the firm. Actions undertaken by quoted firm will usually have the direct, or indirect, aim of generating revenues and profits for the firm, and therefore the owners (Tarraf, 2012). When investors assess a potential investment they will look at the financial performance of a firm, assessing the past performance, with consideration of the way current and expected strategies will impact on the organizations performance, in the context of the expected macro-environmental conditions (Bodie, Kane, & Marcus, 2014). The… Continue Reading...

The Greatest Ponzi Scheme

as well as insufficient oversight of specific financial intermediaries along with dismissal of opportunistic behavior. To understand why such an incident happened in the first place, it is important to identify the kind of scheme led by Madoff. It is called a Ponzi scheme. In a Ponzi scheme, an unsustainably big pool of investors must be maintained to keep it afloat. It begins with a simple promise to a few investors of doubling an amount they decided to invest. Rather than investing that money and doubling it, the person involved in the scheme takes money from a successive round… Continue Reading...

Grieving Process and Models

Social Work Education, 30(1), 29-44. Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. Continue Reading...

Nursing Needs These Times

of Power There is a definite correlation between power, health organizational structure, behavior and leadership. Leaders who are empowered within such organizations are able to greatly influence the behavior within them. As such, it is critical to place the previously discussed evidence-based managerial position at a supervisory level so the employee who fills it can have a profound impact on the behavior of the nurses throughout this healthcare facility. Evidence demonstrates that a positive outlook towards evidence-based practices can contribute to greater efficacy (Stokke et al., 2014); the objective of this position is to create that sort of positive effect.… Continue Reading...

Someone to Watch over Me by Ridley Scott

Film Analysis Someone to Watch Over Me: Opening Sequence -- The Two Parties In the opening sequences of Ridley Scott's Someone to Watch Over Me (1987) two parties are depicted in which two different classes of people are shown at two very different social engagements. The first party consists of working class people -- mostly police officers and their wives (family and friends): it is a large but intimate gathering for a birthday celebration of the main character -- who is also being promoted to a new district in Manhattan. The party is set in the main character's home and… Continue Reading...

Global Comparisons in Workplace Discrimination

proliferate across organizations and on a global level. Fittingly regarded as modern discrimination, discriminatory behavior in the present day is time and again categorized by elusive and clandestine behaviors that can edge below regulations and organizational guidelines (Marchiondo et al., 2015). Types of Discrimination in the Workplace Several kinds of discrimination can take place within the workplace setting. More so, with globalization and multiculturalism prevailing across the globe, new forms of discrimination in the workplace have sprung up without being apparent. One of the prevailing forms of discrimination within the workplace across the globe has been that based on… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

integrity and ethical conduct. This is critical if the agency wishes to establish lofty behavior standards for itself. Furthermore, leaders at every level must devise, emphasize, and implement agency policies and regulations for ensuring every employee clearly grasps law enforcement sector guidelines, policies and behavior-related rules. This will help prevent conflicts if fresh rules are designed for preventing unscrupulous conduct (Karimu, 2012). 4. Discuss how an organization can measure progress towards a moral and just criminal justice department. Procedural justice has extended street-level policing-related forms, but is quite concise when it comes to steps to be taken by police… Continue Reading...

Work Life Balance and Positive Outcomes for Organizations and Employees

balance gives rise to stress associated non-attendance, poor retention levels, low creativity, abysmal customer service and unprincipled personnel behavior (Comfort et al., 2003; Singh, 2013). Work life balance has the positive outcome of organizational commitment for organizations. According to Bashir and Ramay (2008), work life balance leads to reduced stress, which enhances both individual and organizational performance. Personnel become more committed towards the organization, and it in turn increases the level of productivity. Policies of work life balance together with career prospects have a correlation with organizational commitment. The research study by the authors indicate that organizations can benefit… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on False Confessions

elicitation of true and false confessions. Law and Human behavior 35(6): 452-465. This article shows how interrogators work under the presumption of guilt, which leads to biases in the entire criminal justice proceedings. The presumption of guilt alters the approaches used by investigators and interviewers, including what interview tactics they use. Moreover, the presumption of guilt also leads to different behavioral responses on the part of the suspect, leading to an increased chance of a false confession. The results of this study show how the "innocent until proven guilty" maxim fails to hold true for most criminal justice proceedings… Continue Reading...

Minority Women in the Oil and Gas Industry

of organizational cultures that place a high priority on male-oriented values, beliefs and behavior styles (Barrett, 2012). Such male-dominated organizational cultures operate to discourage career advancement by women, and even those who succeed in cracking the glass ceiling lack the same level of management support enjoyed by their male counterparts (Barrett, 2012). While a qualitative analysis in the form of face-to-face interviews or focus groups, for example, could provide valuable empirical observations concerning these issues, quantitative analysis would also useful for measuring the respective effects of male-oriented values, beliefs and behavior styles in the oil and gas industry, making… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

the classes as punishments. Marketing is essentially about persuading people to change their behavior. In this case, the new owner needs to change not only how a customer spends money but their entire lifestyle. This requires the offering of incentives that are far beyond simply saving a few bucks on membership, because the customer knows that they could save even more money by not using the gym at all. To motivate and persuade clients to spend money on membership, the customers need to perceive value in the gym. The gym needs to offer something beyond mere weight loss, by offering… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Gender Related Bullying and Harassment

abuse problems, depression and even suicidal behaviors. Gendered harassment is defined by Meyer (2008) as being "any behavior that acts to assert the boundaries of traditional gender norms: heterosexual masculinity and femininity"; these behaviors can include "(hetero)sexual harassment, homophobic harassment, and harassment for gender non-conformity (or transphobic harassment)" (p. 34). Although gendered harassment is similar to bullying, it assumes some different forms, but these may subsume some types of bullying behaviors including violence (Meyer, 2008). Moreover, the negative effects of gender-related bullying can even be more severe than other types of bullying behaviors As Meyer concludes, "Students who are… Continue Reading...

Constructivism Theory in International Politics

distribution of power that includes economic capabilities, and military forces. (Hurd, 2008). Constructivists theory also explains the state behavior and balance of power between states. (Nugroho, 2008). After the collapse of Soviet Union and fall on Berlin in Wall, there was a change in the world order leading to the emergence of constructivist theory that assisted in enhancing a greater understanding economics and politics, and Onuf, (2012) introduced the constructivism in the international relations in 1989 based on the rejection of neo-realist position. The core of the constructivists argument is that the interaction of states is to survive. While… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Of the Aging Process

enjoyment of life. As the individual's cognitive process is improved through behavior activation, his/her level of depression is improved, which lessens the impact of environmental factors on the aging process. References Rodriguez-Rodero et al. (2011, June). Aging Genetics and Aging. Aging and Disease, 2(3), 186-195. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3295054/ Veale, D. (2007, December). Behavioral Activation for Depression. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 14(1), 29-36. Retrieved from http://apt.rcpsych.org/content/14/1/29 Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

Human rights are the activities, freedoms and conditions that all human are entitle to enjoy, and these rights include economic, political, cultural and social rights. Putting differently, human rights are inalienable, inherent, indivisible and interdependent, which cannot be taken away, must be respected, and which the governments are to put in places the instrument to regulate laws and policies for human rights protection. Similarly, international human rights are the set of rules that guide the conducts of state's behaviors. Globally, countries enter into treaties to guarantee certain rights and refrain from violating these rights within their jurisdictions. (IJRC, 2016). The… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Gender in International Relations

One of the major issues that have characterized international relations (IR) discourse is the role and significance of gender.  Steans (2006) states that gender issues in international relations (IR) are usually very controversial and highly political.  The controversy associated with this issue is attributable to the fact that gender IR is an increasingly political issue.  This paper focuses on examining the role and significance of gender in international relations given the increased controversy and politics surrounding it.  This paper demonstrates that gender is an important issue in IR, especially with the increased role of men and women in world politics.… Continue Reading...

Globalisation and Business Cultures and Practices

London: CIPD. Luthans, F. and Doh, J., 2012. International management: culture, strategy, and behavior. 8th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. Rodrigues, C., 2009. International management: a cultural approach. Los Angeles: Sage. Steers, R., Sanchez-Runde, C. and Nardon, L., 2010. Management across cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Continue Reading...

Organizational Leadership

Inclusive leadership and work engagement: mediating roles of affective organizational commitment and creativity. Social behavior and Personality, 43(6), 931-944. Kirloskar, P., Shetty, P. K., & Inamdar, N. (2015). Deconstructing European Identity: Exploring Identity through the Prism of Cosmopolitanism and Multiculturalism. Global Studies Journal, 8(3), 55-67. Nicolopoulou, K., Nicolopoulou, K., Kakabadse, N. K., Kakabadse, N. K., Nikolopoulos, K. P., Nikolopoulos, K. P.,. .. & Sakellariou, K. (2016). Cosmopolitanism and transnational elite entrepreneurial practices: manifesting the cosmopolitan disposition in a cosmopolitan city. Society and Business Review, 11(3), 257-275. Okoro, E. (2012). Cross-cultural etiquette and communication in global business: Toward a strategic… Continue Reading...

Global Warming in 21st Century

2014). While addressing global warming is a collective endeavor, individuals also have a responsibility. This particularly involves changing lifestyle, behavior, and consumption patterns. References BBC News Magazine (2016, July 28). The global philosopher: who should pay for climate change? Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-36900260 Cummins, N. (2014). The philosophy of global warming. U.S.: Cranmore Publications. Gardiner, S., & Hartzell-Nichols, L. (2012). Ethics and global climate change. Nature Education Knowledge, 3(10): 5. Justin, W. (2015). Philosophers on climate change. Retrieved from: http://dailynous.com/2015/12/08/philosophers-on-climate-change/ Maguire, L. (2014). The moral costs of climate change. Retrieved from: https://www.philosophytalk.org/blog/moral-costs-climate-change Torcello, L., & Mann, M. (2014). Limiting global… Continue Reading...

Behavioral Approach Instruction Criticism

learn in a responsive environment. Having instruction and classroom management that is based on behavior provides such a setting. Teachers that use praise and also rewards with respect to the behavior and performance of the students facilitate the creation of such a learning setting. Another key advantage of this approach is the maintenance of inherent motivation. Through the use of tangible rewards dependent on the performance of a certain task or are rendered unexpectedly, fundamental motivation is maintained. According to Eisenberg et al. (1999), reward procedures that necessitate certain high task performance express the personal or social importance of… Continue Reading...

Terrorist Group Leaders

Terrorist Group Leaders Tools and Techniques Used by Terrorist Group Leaders to Influence their Followers In his article, War, Psychology, and Time, Friedman (2007) shows how Osama bin Laden employed a psychological strategy in an attempt to create a massive Islamic empire in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The disintegration of the union provided an ideal opportunity for bin Laden to demonstrate to the world that America was actually weak and could be severely hurt. For bin Laden, the Muslim world "suffered from a psychology of defeat" following America's triumph over the Soviet Union and it… Continue Reading...

Google and the Mind

ranking webpages, their brain would yield results nearly identical to PageRank results. PageRank and Human behavior Human behavior appears to affect Google search. It is possible to obtain information from it directly without having to click on links. Consequently, more recent webpages display a smaller number of links as including links is pointless when one can conveniently seek referenced webpages on Google. Hence, click through measures do not hold much significance; having said that, it is imperative to observe that the link-based PageRank is dependent on the numerous links available for its efficiency (23). With more recent, fewer pages having… Continue Reading...

Assessment Process

must be considered when conducting a loss assessment include behavior, appearance, speech, content of speech, thought, cognition, perception, mood effect and insight (Marks, Jun, & Song, 2007). Important questions to ask while screening bereavement Elderly individuals that manifest severe symptoms of bereavement as a result of the loss of a loved one need to be assessed for symptoms of complex bereavement and grief. These are potential triggers for serious reactions, including possible suicidal tendencies. Kong may still succumb to effects of bereavement and grief despite his cultural values. Kong feels that he will face many challenges in the country… Continue Reading...

California Vs Greenwood

decision. They said that inspecting other people's trash was not civilized behavior. They observed that a trash bag from a person's house indicated all the people's private activities including what he eats, his professional status, private thoughts, political persuasions and other similar confidential data. The Greenwood decision seems to have set the pace for more similar narrow consideration of the right to privacy. The decision seems to warn people to be more wary of what they drop in the trash can (Uviller). The case is a precedent for future decisions The ruling by the judges, as written by Judge… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

Rodney L. Taylor, 'The Religious Character of the Confucian Traditions' • Confucianism calls into question the definition of religion. • Confucianism is commonly treated differently from other religious traditions, because it is more about social harmony, ethics, and comportment than about theology. • All religions address ethics, morality, and social codes, and so does Confucianism. Then why is Confucianism not called a religion? • The main reason is that Confucianism "lacks a concept of the transcendent," (p. 80) • Is a concept of the transcendent a necessary part of the definition of a religion? No. • It is a "western"… Continue Reading...

Kraft Foods Canada Targeting Of the Millennials

Nevertheless, as perceived by Packaging Digest, that is not saying they are preceding quality. Millennial customer behavior is decorated by the following: • Most of the Millennials are interested in getting food fast. However, they are picking frozen starters, foods that do not need that much of prep, pre-cut fruits and vegetables that are prepared out of convenience over fried foods and meals that are fat laden in value. • Convenience foods will need to be high quality when it comes to taste, and also easy to clean up, and with not much of leftovers. • Organic foods are… Continue Reading...

Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida is one of the many birth defects neonates are at risk of. However, this particular defect is unique because it is characterized by problems in the central nervous system (CNS) and it has a low death rate. The causes of this medical condition are quite difficult to determine as they are subject to hereditary and environmental elements. Simply put, Spina Bifida refers to a situation where the spinal cord is not fully developed. In extreme cases, the spinal vertebrae could be so badly formed that the delicate spinal cord is left unprotected. In most cases, the spinal cord… Continue Reading...

Using Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

the other is consciously or unconsciously displaying in their words, behavior, body language, and communications. Effective use of EI can help organizations to promote a stronger workplace culture, stronger teams, and stronger performance overall (Den, Deanne & Belschak, 2012). In a multigenerational workplace environment wherein conflicts might arise with teams as a result of disparate worldviews, attitudes, ethics, belief systems, expectations, and needs of individual team members, an EI approach can help project managers to overcome the disconnect that some employees may feel at work. Project portfolio management is a strategy in which the management of methods, technologies and… Continue Reading...

How Cultures Influence Teams

US Office of Trade Representative The Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR) is organized through the Executive Office of the President and works to coordinate and administer trade policies all over the globe (USTR, N.d.). USTR provides trade policy leadership and negotiating expertise in its major areas of responsibility, including such services as: • Bilateral, regional and multilateral trade and investment issues • Expansion of market access for American goods and services • International commodity agreements • Negotiations affecting U.S. import policies • Oversight of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and Section 301 complaints • Trade, commodity, and… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

in China. It is important to distinguish between bioethics and medical ethics. The latter refers mainly to physician codes of behavior and the physician-patient relationship, which according to Confucian traditions, is paternalistic in nature as is the Western model. Medical ethics in China also refers to questions related to social security and universal health care. Bioethics, referring to such questions as the implications for cloning, is something totally different from medical ethics because it tends to be more theoretical in nature. The current leader of the bioethics movement in China is Qiu Renzong, who is instrumental in shaping an "Asian… Continue Reading...

Communicating Qualitative Research Analysis

findings because it influences the conclusions obtained from the research. Since criminal justice research entails examining human behavior and social phenomena, the researcher role is crucial because his/her historical, social, personal connections and cultural experiences influences understanding of human behavior in relation to crime and crime reduction strategies. Therefore, the consideration of the researcher's role helps in ensuring that reliable findings are generated to formulate effective criminal justice policies and practices. The suitable arrangement of data for analysis relates to criminal justice research because evaluation and interpretation of criminal justice data and research findings entails transforming theoretical concepts into… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

a member of an ethnic group, along with the behavior and attitudes with that feeling (p. 36). The authors point out that the development of ethnic identity is an evolution from the point of an ethnic identity that is not examined through an exploration period, so as to resonate with a specified and attained ethnic identity (p. 38). Ethnic identity refers to a feeling, attitude and identification of one with the behavior and character of people of a specified culture and cultural ethos. They often have a common origin, values, beliefs, practices, customs and other commonalities. Therefore, as opposed… Continue Reading...

Expulsion Of Students

develop positive interventions and support that deal with the behavior.  Positive behavioral interventions are suitable alternatives to expulsion since they are based on an objective and accurate understanding of a student’s behaviors in relation to the social and environmental factors contribute to them.  The other suitable alternative to expulsion is restorative justice which involves engaging the student to repair the harm/dangers of his/her bad behaviors.  Unlike expulsion, this intervention helps in establishing a safe learning environment in which students are engaged in repairing the negative consequences of their bad behaviors. Even though expulsion has been traditionally used as a… Continue Reading...

Loss Of a Loved One

Prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has been treated successfully with CBT along with a focus on exposure therapy. "Grief-focused cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating PGD. Although treatments for PGD have focused on exposure therapy, much debate remains about whether exposure therapy is optimal for PGD" (Bryant et al., 2014, p. 1332). The kind of CBT therapy Emily would receive would include 2-hour group therapy sessions made up of CBT techniques. Emily would also receive individual sessions and exposure therapy to help deal with the memories of Christine's death. That means Emily would receive… Continue Reading...

Health Care Organizational Leadership

satisfaction. Shared leadership superlatively gives rise to individual members of staff espousing leadership behavior, more level of autonomy and enhanced patient care results. In addition, shared leadership is a continuing and unsolidified process that necessitates continuous assessment to be receptive to incessantly changing healthcare challenges, and postulates a good working association between managers and staff (Al-Sawai, 2013). Empowerment also promotes a culture of continuous innovation. This is owing to the fact that collaboration is key to innovation. Discovering new and smarter ways that information technology and clinical informatics can be utilized to advance healthcare necessitates the participation of all… Continue Reading...

Mcdonald's

.....ritual and opens with McDonald's amazing success within the time frame of twenty-five years. The writer opens with rituals and the earnest aspect of it compared to plays where actors portray rather than believe in the actions they commit in scenes. While some may assume rituals and plays are similar in the sense of a performance, the author is quick to note differences. "Plays have audiences rather than participants; actors are only portraying something, whereas ritual performers- who make up congregations- are in earnest" (Kottak, 1978, p. 522). There's a form of repetition as well in rituals that invite people… Continue Reading...

Social Capital

joint activity, as a result of projected or anticipated behavior (Tirmizi, 2005). In addition, social capital decreases ambiguity and obscurity between members of a group or community Social capital offers individual members or groups or communities with resources to disseminate the risk linked to development actions. Social capital also aids community development as it expedites coordination as a result of improved communication between group members or communities, therefore decreasing inefficiencies. What is more, social capital makes it permissible to have better sharing of physical and human capital between groups or communities, which in sequence aids productivity and decreases operation… Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

Selection of Research Paper Topic An analysis of the link between hopefulness, quality of life (QOL) and internalized stigma among autistic kids' parents is the objective of the current research. Autism impacts the patient as well as their parents, who require wide-ranging support services. The entire family of autism patients gets distressed during its attempts at raising the patient/child, potentially leading to diverse psychological and social problems among family members. Therefore, when catering to special needs kids and developing interventions and initiatives for autism-diagnosed kids, mental healthcare providers and social workers need to consider parental mental health status. Family members… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Crisis

for the scandal comprised of both employees and executives. Above all, engineers have taken liability for the unethical behavior. Furthermore, six company employees are at the moment facing criminal charges in the United States and an executive arrested, who was accountable for supervising compliance in emissions. Moreover, the chief executive officer (CEO) of the company, Martin Winterkorn, accompanied by the head of operations in the United States stepped down and Volkswagen also suspended numerous high-ranking executives (Gates et al., 2017). Causes of the Crisis Owing to competition, Volkswagen endeavored to come up with a competitive edge over its rivals.… Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan for Gustav Klimt Art Class

Gustav Klimt Lesson Plan Central Focus "Describe the central focus and purpose for the content you will teach in the learning segment". Students will learn the art of Gustav Klimt, which will assist in creating the work of art that will resemble Klimt's style. Moreover, students will be introduced to the Gustav Klimt's artwork focusing on his love for cats. (Weidinger, 2007).Students will also learn their artistic style and utilize their patterns and shapes to fill up their works. Moreover, students will continue to build and develop the basic skill sets utilizing art tools such as paint, glue, scissors, and… Continue Reading...

World History

Jerry H. Bentley, the word "world history" has different meanings for different societies. While some may define it as a broad analysis of the whole world's history, others believe it implies foreign history. But, this word doesn't actually correspond to either definition. It denotes historical learning which undertakes an overt comparison of experiences beyond individual societal boundaries or studies interactions among individuals hailing from diverse communities or studies broad historical processes and trends which extend beyond discrete communities. Besides highlighting cross-cultural dealings in a historical context, one chief concern of the major part of modern world history deals with constructing… Continue Reading...

Saint Leo University Master Social Work Program

Education is one of the most important tools one can use to change their lives. It is an efficient and fast way to initiate change since making progress often begins with one knowing more. As the population of the world increases, the demand for education is also increasing. The growing demand for education has led to several educational facilities being started all over the world. The level of access to education the world's population has right now is unparalleled in history. Save for financial constraints, there aren't many insurmountable barriers that people have to deal with to get access to… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

California, 342 U.S. 165 case wasn’t applicable as the law enforcement officials’ behavior wasn’t outrageous. Thus, clearly, the complainant’s rights of due process as guaranteed by the constitutional Amendment XIV weren’t breached. The complainant remains convicted of having consciously controlled and possessed lascivious and lewd photos, books, and pictures, which were clearly prohibited under the Ohio Revised Code’s statute 2905.34. As was formally declared in the Ohio Supreme Court’s syllabus to the ruling made, the Court ruled that the Court of Appeals’ ruling with regard to Mapp’s case was correct, despite its chief basis being the discovery of incriminating… Continue Reading...

Chinese Literature

material possessions -- in this case, his tea. Furthermore, her behavior is decidedly devious as she actually commits a social transgression in the form of theft. There are no such indiscretions on the part of Granny, who is able to assert her agency in a much more positive manner. Nonetheless, because Ah Nee is dependent upon her master for so much, she is only able to exercise her agency both in relation to him and in a much less positive way. In general, there is a dependent attribute for the female agency found in "Shame Amah" which is conspicuously… Continue Reading...

Elements Of Marketing Strategy

Marketing Segmentation is dividing customers according to "distinct characteristics, needs or behaviors.". This is distinct from targeting, which takes those segments and then seeks to determine how valuable each segment is to the business. So the targets are roughly the segments, put into order of attractiveness. Positioning is how the product's messaging will position the product for each segment. What this really means is finding the messaging that will appeal to each target market, based on its needs and behaviors, as identified during the segmentation process. Dolan notes that there are several different common segmentation variables (p.12). There are demographic… Continue Reading...

Notion Of White Fragility

.....white fragility, which is considered as a state in which the least amount of racial stress becomes intolerable and provokes a series of defensive actions (DiAngelo, 2011). White fragility is based on the fact that white people in North America are protected and insulated from race-based stress by the social environment they live in. Some of the common defensive actions associated with any amount of racial stress include fear, guilt, silence, avoidance of the stressful situation, anger, and arguments. These defensive actions and behaviors are in turn utilized to reinforce and strengthen white racial equilibrium. Based on these claims, white… Continue Reading...

Applied Social Psychology

into the subject of pain, in addition to sound therapeutic mechanisms. From the standpoint of social learning, complex, cognitive behavior therapy may integrate sources affecting self-effectiveness (such as emotional arousal through imagery, videotaped modeling or indirect experience, and behavioral rehearsal or performance achievements, and distraction behavioral training to reduce pediatric-level procedural pain (Page &Blanchette, 2009). Concepts from applied social psychology may prove valuable in promoting, and educating the society on, health. Furthermore, social psychology positively impacts multiple health promotion goals: e.g., timely disease identification, support and education of patients using models linked to decision making, loss, management, stigmatization, and… Continue Reading...

Narrative Analysis and Life Span Interview Of Ms. W

because she was more at ease with male counterparts than the female counterparts. The behavior of Ms. W is understandable because of the changes in the adolescent physical appearance can be dramatic. Moreover, their cognitive developments allow the adolescent to reason, think and understand issues more dramatically. Thus, their cognitive competence allows them to reason effectively and develop problem-solving skills. Although, there are still few different significant cognitive development, skills, and abilities between girls and boys, nevertheless, girls have confident about their social and reading skills. (APA, 2002). Thus, Ms. W was able to display this social ability to… Continue Reading...

Should Entertainment Address Politics and or Social Issues

Argumentative Essay:  Should Entertainment Address Politics and or Social Issues Entertainment refers to activities which provide diversion or give people enjoyment, amusement, laughter or fun. Entertainment can be provided by a third party or an individual can choose to create their own, as is the case with participating in a game or a hobby. Where entertainment is provided by a third party, the individual being entertained is a passive consumer. The diverse nature of entertainment and people's varied differences has led to the development of a big industry to cater to these needs. The entertainment industry currently consists of motion… Continue Reading...

Strategic Plan

becomes evident. Second, as the CEO is the leader of the organization, employees are likely to emulate their behavior -- they become as enthusiastic about the initiative as the CEO. They are motivated to put their best foot forward for the success of the initiative. There are various channels the CEO can utilize to communicate the initiative to employees. The first is a presentation or a speech. A CEO presentation is the first formal communication of the initiative to employees. At this stage, the CEO reiterates the mission and vision of the organization, announces the new initiative, and articulates… Continue Reading...

Student with Specific Disability

words) as compared to other toddlers. She also noted that such atypical behavior started surfacing immediately after I was administered a succession of vaccinations. As months passed, she started becoming anxious as I stopped making eye contact with all, even her. I refused to look people in the eye when addressed and started exhibiting repetitive behavioral patterns (for instance, I would solve a puzzle, jumble it, and again set about solving it) (Nagle, 2011). At age two, I'd stopped talking and seemed to be lost in my own world. If my parents took me out with them to supermarkets… Continue Reading...

Individual Instructional Needs Of Students

be placed in a classroom environment with well planned behavior control measures (Seevers, 2014). Some suggestions that can help in dealing with learners of Mary's caliber include: • It should be noted that instruction for such learners should be focused on their strengths and learning deficiencies. If instructional strategies are not designed that way, frustration often creeps in. Such frustration plays out in the form of attention seeking tendencies or withdrawal. There should be a consistent effort to address the learning needs while minimizing the tendencies to react as mentioned earlier. • The need to deploy staff with the… Continue Reading...

Human Resource

indicates that change can give rise to positive attitudes and behavior, especially with respect to new employees. In particular, personnel that are comparatively new within the organization have a greater likelihood of undergoing considerably more rapid contract change in comparison to long established personnel that have extended psychological contracts. Employer inducements are in connection with contract changes amongst newcomers to the magnitude that these rewards and benefits that employers offer live up to the employers' obligations from the employees' standpoint. Even though the rewards employees report getting do add to changes in what they consider are obligated to the… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

of integrity, their followers are likely to emulate their behavior. Everyone in the organization understands the value of integrity to the organization and the consequences of not having integrity. Without a doubt, a leader may not have all the good traits associated with leadership, but integrity is one trait that should not lack. It may not necessarily be a prerequisite for success, but lack of it exposes the leader and the organization to a great deal of danger. Integrity is particularly important in military leadership. In fact, integrity is explicitly articulated as one of the most important values of… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

branch of philosophy that takes into account the values related to human behavior, with respect to whether actions are right or wrong, whether there were good or bad intents and the consequences of such actions. Integrity, on the other hand, means abiding by moral and ethical principles. There are four steps in making an ethical decision. First, all facts and situations are defined. Second, all individuals impacted by the circumstance are ascertained together with their rights and obligations. Third, alternative decisions and consequences are identified, and lastly, the right thing to do is determined and then implemented. Ethical business… Continue Reading...

Intervention Plan for Carlos

other similar symptoms • Related elements of anxiety, depression, drug/alcohol abuse, anger or violent behavior • Pre-morbid family and social life, and adjustment • Familial history of psychological ailments. Essentially, therapists must seek comprehensive information on individual PTS symptomatology elements, identifying the nature, seriousness, content, rate, concise explanation and duration of symptoms. The above-mentioned evaluation method is crucial as the information procured via interviewing of patients may be utilized as the base of client diagnosis and examination. With increased knowledge of Carlos's particular symptoms, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) path and subtypes, the assessor's likelihood of validly and correctly assessing the… Continue Reading...

Comparative Analysis Of Egoism or Altruism

in Self-interest or Egoism Egoism is defined as the act of human behavior where humans act purposely for their self-interests. The psychological theory of egoism is based on the ultimate aim of satisfying one's welfare. While good deeds or good behaviors of many people are motivated by self-interests or egoisms, however, some behaviors are still rooted in altruism. There are several examples of people doing good deeds without their self-interests. For example, several professional doctors have been providing volunteering health services to low-income people around the world without asking for financial rewards in returns. Moreover, some wealthy individuals have set… Continue Reading...

Leadership Culture in a Healthcare Organization

act as guiding principles and direct the manner in which managers take leadership in a given organization. The behavior of leaders make up approximately forty to sixty percent of organizational culture. Their behavior are the fundamental factor in influencing leadership culture (Read, 2015). Organizational Conditions Necessary to Develop a Leadership Culture There are various conditions and components within the organization that are essential in developing a leadership culture. One of the key conditions is having a mission, vision and values. Adaptation of the organizational mission, values and the core strategies is an imperative objective for leadership development. In particular,… Continue Reading...

Motivational Theory Of Lifespan Development

Life-span developmental theory offers a guideline for understanding human aging. Primarily, the theory provides explains the regular changes occurring to an individual to death. Theories of the aging process act as frameworks for aligning research findings and observations to deduce significant conclusions. The information is essential because it enhances sequencing in the lifespan hence providing chronological priority to earlier moments and events in an individual's life. Besides, life span theory can be identified as a synchronized integration of different age-based developmental specializations. Evidently, most people hold a perception of being actively engaged in shaping their future. They follow developmental stages… Continue Reading...

Strategic Implementation

Description of Chosen Tool (Work Gloves Create Change) Successful strategy implementation is fundamental for the survival of any entity. Numerous organizations fail to sustain their competitive edge, owing to lack of tools and processes in implementing strategies (Rajasekar, 2014). The chosen tool, work gloves create change, encompasses eight distinctive processes that are necessary for strategic implementation. The first phase is generating urgency for individuals within the organization to perceive, comprehend and feel the need to change. Second phase is building a coalition with dominant individuals at all levels who work to lead the change endeavor. The third phase is creating… Continue Reading...

Child Development

of the brain develop, some reflexes disappear and the newborns start gaining control over their behavior. Physical development also continues as the brain develops. The nervous system and muscles mature with the growth of the infant leading to finer skill development. Motor skills (basic physical skills) include crawling, sitting, grasping and trying to reach objects, walking and running. Motor development follows a certain universal sequence although there are little exceptions (Shaffer &Kipp, 2013). The infants are more competent than they appear. They can identify the voice of the mother and possess other sensory capabilities shortly after birth. How good… Continue Reading...

Human Development

the feelings of invincibility and be the key inspiration to taking risks as common behavior among young individuals at this stage. The formal thinking and operational stage enables the adolescents to attain meta-cognition. This means that such young people can think about what they feel and how the outside world perceives them. The changes in thoughts and the fast emotional and physical transformation in puberty make most of the adolescents to imagine that everyone is thinking about what they are engrossed in and about them too (Sanders, 2013). Psychological Development It has been pointed out by Sanders (2013) that… Continue Reading...

Special Education and Student Needs

much as possible, unless there is no other alternative to control the child's behavior. "Physical restraint or seclusion should not be used except in situations where the child's behavior poses imminent danger of serious physical harm to self or others and restraint and seclusion should be avoided to the greatest extent possible" ("Restraint and Seclusion," 2012, p.2). Of course, many people are still concerned that this is too subjective a standard and that it may be abused. Guidelines have also been issued by the Department to emphasize that restraints must never be used to punish a child but rather… Continue Reading...

Activity Based Costing

Activity-based costing (ABC) employs numerous cost groups, organized by activity, in the allocation of overhead costs. The conception is that activities are necessitated to generate products, basically activities, such as procuring materials, setting up machinery, assembling products, and scrutinizing finished products. It is imperative to note that these activities can be expenses and therefore the cost of activities ought to be apportioned to products on the basis of how the products use the activities. The costs are placed on the products on the basis of the use of individual products for every activity (Hansen et al., 2007). In the traditional… Continue Reading...

Digital and Social Media Effects on Society

New media can seem threatening at first, as it signals deep and meaningful changes in the ways information is created and shared in the society. In "Mind Over Mass Media," Steven Pinker (2010) argues that new technologies are typically perceived as threatening until they become commonplace. Early hysteria and fear about new media soon subsides, as the actual effects of the new media are not as adverse as was initially believed. Even the printing press was considered evil in its day, according to Pinker (2010). New media has improved scientific research and has made vast amounts of quality information available… Continue Reading...

Sanford Medical Center Organization Structure

Nursing Leadership and Management Organizational Analysis -- The Organization The hospital is well recognized and has been named a top 100 Heart hospital and top 100 hospitals nationally. The organization also has a nationally ranked children's hospital that has newborn and pediatric intensive care services. Sanford Medical Center is a level II trauma center that is supported by AirMed transport services that cover a three-state area. The services offered within the facility include: • 3D Mammography • Allergy & Immunology • Behavioral Health • Breast Health • Cancer/Oncology • Children's/Pediatrics • Dermatology & Cosmetic Services • Diabetes & Endocrinology •… Continue Reading...

Woodrings Floral Gardens

Retail Strategy Analysis In the retail environment, the importance of an effective strategy cannot be overemphasized. Given the inherently competitive nature of the retail space, a retailer must ensure a clearly defined target market, a robust operational strategy, a strong positioning strategy, sustainable competitive advantages, and proper retail mix (Bhatia 121-143). This paper provides a strategy analysis of Woodrings Floral Gardens (Woodrings), a company that retails floral gifts to customers within the State College area, Pennsylvania. Following a brief overview of the company, the analysis specifically pays attention to the company's operations, target market, positioning strategy, competitive advantages, and retail… Continue Reading...

Research Literature

intended to subconsciously embed an idea in working recollection that changes ensuing behavior. The participants in the study were shown a priming game and thereafter worked in tandem as group members through the use of electronic brainstorming to come up with ideas on a creativity assignment. The outcomes of the research study indicate that when the participants played the game, purposed to enhance performance, their groups produced substantially more ideas that were more creative subsequent to being exposed to neutral priming (Dennis et al., 2013). A major argument and debate encircling this topic is that the superiority of electronic… Continue Reading...

Advancements in Connectionism

integrated into these systems to form some form of moral basis for behavior. Summary The five articles chosen all come from significantly different research perspectives and show just how exciting research in this field has become, evident by its popularity. Many researchers are trying to use existing models and apply them from the connectionism perspective to try to unlock the secrets of how these networks may relate to each other. From my perception, although many of the technical aspects are hard to follow, it is clear to see how this model rests on one of the frontiers of the… Continue Reading...

College Student Development Theory

The student development theory is a body of the educational scholarship and psychology that demonstrates the strategy higher educational students gain knowledge. The theory also guides students in their educational affairs. College students are categories as students in the higher education especially in the formal setting such as colleges, universities, polytechnic and other institutions of higher learning. On the other hand, development is defined as a "process of increasing complex." (Patton, et al. 2016 p 5). With reference to the students' affair, the theory is a useful tool in answering the cogent question that students might encounter in their day-to-day… Continue Reading...

The History Of American Social Welfare

16(3): 28-35. Moffitt, R.A. (1999). The Effect of Pre-PRWORA Waivers on AFDC Caseloads and Female Earnings, Income, and Labor Force behavior. Retrieved online: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Robert_Moffitt2/publication/23551285_The_effect_of_pre-PRWORA_Waivers_on_AFDC_caseloads_and_female_earnings_income_and_labor_force_behavior/links/54ba775f0cf253b50e2d01a4/The-effect-of-pre-PRWORA-Waivers-on-AFDC-caseloads-and-female-earnings-income-and-labor-force-behavior.pdf 17. The 1960s led to social workers becoming more entrenched in society, and Congress did eventually come out in favor of social workers because of the widespread problems with poverty. It would be interesting to see what today's Congress would say, but given the anti-intellectualism and conservativism, it is unlike that the current congress would support social welfare. 18. Social advocacy needs for the population I have selected can be addressed via an understanding of the… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

young age, to the point where it influences their behavior and who they choose as friends, making it important to minimize stigma and stereotyping. Yet the research is also inconclusive on how children deal with stigma and pressures to conform to the dominant culture. In an examination of 65 Muslim children Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) found that of the Muslim children in America attending a Islamic school, the 5 to 8-year-olds made more positive attributions for Muslims than non-Muslims, with young children providing more negative evaluations of non-Muslims than older children," (p. 379). "Children also preferred Muslims as… Continue Reading...

The New Mobile Commerce Revolution

it is constantly moving (Schiffman & Wisenbelt, 2014). When looking at the consumer behavior of those within the mobile commerce sphere, one has to remember that while the scope, depth and breadth of businesses has changed a lot, so has the amount (and types/demographics) of the people that access the market. The emergency of eBay was a major catalyst but sites like Amazon allowing for third party sales and other sites like eBay joining the fray has expanded the market and its segments to basically everyone that wishes to be part of said mobile revolution. Of course, people that really… Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

salivary cortisol, arousal, and aggressive thoughts in children. Computers in Human behavior, 7039-43. Salminen, M., & Ravaja, N. (2007). Oscillatory Brain Responses Evoked by Video Game Events: The Case of Super Monkey Ball 2. Cyberpsychology & behavior, 10(3), 330- 338. doi:10.1089/cpb.2006.9947 Shams, T. A., Foussias, G., Zawadzki, J. A., Marshe, V. S., Siddiqui, I., Muller, D. J., & Wong, C. (2015). The Effects of Video Games on Cognition and Brain Structure: Potential Implications for Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Current Psychiatry Reports, 17(9), 71. doi:10.1007/s11920-015-0609-6 Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making Scenario

n.d.). In this case, the decision to decline Bill's invitation is viewed as Joe's duty to ethical behavior, to UWEAR and its employees. Through declining the invitation, Joe would essentially be acting in the interests of all stakeholders. In this case, such a response would create the greater good for the greater number since it would help avoid probable negative consequences if he accepts the invitation. I would use the utilitarianism ethical theory to support Joe's decision because of its focus on promoting the good of all, which is an important consideration in ethical decision-making. The theory is suitable… Continue Reading...

Key Characteristics Of a Whistleblower

a corporation who provides proof and evidence that substantiates the fraudulence and ethical behavior within the entity or activities that are not in the best interests of the general public or stakeholders. Customarily, whistleblowers reveal classified data and information concerning their workplace, which is in violation of the laws and regulations in place, and also that can be disparaging to the well-being of the employees. Whistleblowers have various characteristics. One of the key individualities of whistleblowers is credibility. A whistleblower has to have the character of being trusted, depended upon and have integrity. This is because the information provided… Continue Reading...

The Various Ways to Learn

at peak reconstruction accuracy than higher WRS proficiency participants (Matthews, O'Toole, & Chen, 2016, p. 22). While the behavior of the participants helped, the researchers see what correlations can be made from learning, it also allowed identification of ways to help those with lower levels of proficiency learn more effectively. Regarding academic word learning, the CALL application allowed assessment of WRD proficiency participants and allowed for discovery of major differences in performance. Such technology can be modified to participant behaviors and patterns to allow for a customized and effective curriculum. The future of learning could well include AI and the… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

suitable solutions to this issue based on organizational theory concepts and the concepts of organizational behavior. Background Information The organization I work for has several divisions or department that are mandated with various responsibilities and tasks towards the achievement of the established business goals and objectives. Each of these departments is led by a departmental head who ensures that the division's workforce carry out their respective roles in line with department goals and objectives. The departmental heads work in collaboration with the organization's top management to create a suitable working environment where employees can thrive as they contribute towards… Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

personal life can be used to illustrate how expertise shapes our behavior. As an educational practitioner, I tend to apply teaching and learning knowledge in interpreting and solving day to day problems in diverse contexts -- from work to home. It is quite unusual for novices to solve problems in a similar manner. As a result, I am constantly inspired to enhance my teaching and learning knowledge. Part 4 The importance of expertise has important implications for education researchers. According to the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Code of Ethics, education researchers must demonstrate the highest level of professional… Continue Reading...

Community Contribution to Solving Existing Problem

Community Contributes to Your Identified Problem and Resolving the Issue Childhood obesity is a common problem. It has a relationship with short and long-term adverse outcomes. It affects ethnic/racial minority and children who are deprived economically and disproportionately. There is no doubt that it is a great threat to public health. Multi-sector and multilevel prevention and management strategies are the best touted for resolving the problem (Taveras, et al., 2015). Obesity and overweight rates among black and Latino girls in high school and women in Boston are alarmingly high. Black men have been reported to indicate the highest rates of… Continue Reading...

Increasing Patient Satisfaction

have been many studies that have tried to understand the relationship between organizational behavior and different leadership styles. Since the research has identified that people will accept change at different styles; This study examines the relationship of emotional intelligence (EI) with transformational leadership (TL) and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) of the followers using a sample of 57 dyads of managers and their supervisors (i.e., 114 respondents) participated in this study (Modassir & Singh, 2008). Transformational leadership is one of the most popular leadership model and it has been argued that the transformational leadership model is dependent factors that are… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

Popular Film Cultures Have Propelled Civil and Social Rights Culture is referred as shared interaction, patterns, cognitive constructs, behaviors as well as effective understanding learned through socialization and transferred from one generation to the other. In the United States and outside the United States, films have become a powerful tool to transmit cultures. In 2009, there were more than 6.8 billion films released compared to the world population that was roughly the same number. Moreover, films have produced revenue of more than $30 billion annually, and its impact on films on people's behaviors is staggering. For example, many people across… Continue Reading...

Observation Plan for Nurse Leader

As a "guardian of care," a nurse leader fulfills one of the most important roles in healthcare. All aspiring nurses and nurse leaders need to learn by observation and critical analysis of what a nurse leader does and how nurse leaders make their decisions. Observing a nurse leader entails documenting details of the day, with a goal of recognizing themes. The following is a plan of observation of a nurse leader who is actively engaged in their role. Methodologies The plan of observation is to serve as participant-observer, in a classic ethnographic role. This means that as an observer, I… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Justice

unavoidable facet of social life. Some communities consider jails as rehabilitation centers that can aid convicts in modifying their behavior and convince them to begin leading constructive lives in society. Other communities, on the other hand, view jails as cells that isolate dangerous individuals from the society to ensure the latter's safety. With the many prison system reforms witnessed over time, prisons are becoming centers to aid individuals engaging in crime to change. References Ali, S. (2014). Prison in India: an Overview Indian Journal of Applied Research, Vol.4 Bruha, P. (2015). Prison System in Brazil - The Brazil Business.… Continue Reading...

Cultural Aspects Of Being Deaf

aspects of deaf culture including language, speech, socializing, literature, norms and rules for behavior, and so forth. The rules for behavior in particular is very precise and specific because every little part of communication is focused on and part of what people pay so much attention to. There are rules and guidelines when it comes to the use of eyes, facial expressions, introductions, labels and so forth. The cultural items seen in literature and movies are also important to focus on. Good books that exist that relate to deaf culture include Everyone Here Spoke Sign Language, Inside Deaf Culture,… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing and Success

social support, sense of community, and life satisfaction. Computers in Human behavior, 30, 69 -- 78 Yang, B., Kim, Y., & Yoo, C. (2013). The integrated mobile advertising model: The effects of technology and emotion-based evaluations. Journal of Business Research, 66(9), 1345 -- 1352 Continue Reading...

Developing Personal Epistemic Beliefs

the roles of education and Internet search experience in students' Internet-specific epistemic beliefs. Computers in Human behavior, 62, 286-291. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.091 Madjar, N., Weinstock, M., & Kaplan, A. (2016). Epistemic beliefs and achievement goal orientations: Relations between constructs versus personal profiles. The Journal of Educational Research, 110(1), 32-49. doi:10.1080/00220671.2015.1034353 Pamuk, S., Sungur, S., & Oztekin, C. (2016). A Multilevel Analysis of Students' Science Achievements in Relation to their Self-Regulation, Epistemological Beliefs, Learning Environment Perceptions, and Teachers' Personal Characteristics. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education. doi:10.1007/s10763-016-9761-7 Pope, K. J., & Mooney, G. A. (2016). The related effects of item characteristics… Continue Reading...

Special Education Theory and Intervention

time avoiding the use of suspension as a response. Discovering the root causes of the behavior may help to reduce the instances of behavioral problems and improve student performance in core classes as well. Finally, working with parents, whenever possible, serves as another possible tactic for improving student outcomes. IDEA helps to provide a formal structure for handling issues like these. References Anyon, Y. et al. (2014). The persistent effect of race and the promise of alternatives to suspension in school discipline outcomes. Children and Youth Services Review 44(2014): 379-386 Losen, D.J. & Martinez, T.E. (2013). Out of school… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

Week 1 1.  Although I was familiar with the main ideas and technical vocabulary we encountered in this week's readings on learning acquisition and development in cognitive psychology, there are a few terms that are worth exploring in more depth or may be unfamiliar to some of my less educated peers. For example, Wiley & Dee (2011) use the term "mentalistic," which is not a commonly used word and is not even located in the Word dictionary. For example, the sentence they use is: "Mentalistic terms, such as belief and desire, were branded as superfluous and unscientific, and removed from… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

metacognitive structures that are needed for optimal learning. However, developing strong and consistent ethical decision making and behavior also requires self-regulated learning. Playing the expert in the hypothetical scenario, I would immediately point out the weaknesses in the asynchronous or fully online training program for what is essentially hands-on learning behavior. However, video instruction can be useful in similar contexts, as long as the metacognitive structures are engaged through multiple approaches to instruction including the use of text and verbal instructions, and a learning environment that reflects the principles outlined in Sperling, Howard, Staley & DuBois (2004). References Sperling,… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Futurism Transhumanism

.....humans interact with technology in increasingly sophisticated and meaningful ways, the ethical and philosophical questions posed by artificial intelligence start to become more pressing than ever before. The science fiction genre has promoted as ambivalent a relationship between humans and technology as scientists and futurists have. Both the potential benefits and drawbacks of artificial intelligence have been explored, asking human beings involved in the development of AI technology to consider the ramifications of their work. For example, Nick Bostrom has indicated the need for developers of artificially intelligent systems to work with cognitive scientists to mitigate risk by programming AI… Continue Reading...

Behaviorally Targeted Ads As Implied Social Labels Article Analysis

develop consumer explicit characterizations based on their personality, beliefs and behavior. Based on self-perception theory that reveals how people demonstrate certain behaviors based on their traits, the authors argue that implied social label can be used to develop the consumer identity to design behavioral consumer adverts.  However, Summers, et al. (2016) point out there is still short of research that clarifies the distinctions and commonalities between social labeling and identity priming.   ²Despite the method the author employ developing the theory, the theory is not well presented in the article. Instead of revealing how the theories are linked to… Continue Reading...

Police Organization and Administration

if they perform well then they could earn bonuses. 10. Examples of unethical behavior and corruption. Promoting ethical behavior. A police officer is given a position of power and with power, corruption seems to be a common problem. There are many ways in which promoting ethical behavior. The first line of defense starts with training undoubtedly, be once officers are aware of how they are expecting to act, the next phase involves accountability. 11. Performance Evaluation system. Purpose of Performance Evaluations. There are different goals of a performance evaluation. For instance, some might be linked to performance-based pay. However, one… Continue Reading...

White Box Software Testing for Android

mocking framework. A mocking framework is the creation of mock objects that mimic real objects behavior in controlled ways. A mock object is created when a programmer wants to test the behavior of another object. A mocking framework is only used for object-oriented programming, and Android falls perfectly within this category of programming. A developer can make use of various automated test applications, but the most recommended one is JUnit Testing Framework. JUnit pushes for developers to first develop tests then start coding [7]. This approach increases the programmer's productivity because they have to test a little and code… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

is a combination of medications (such as naltrexone and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors) and behavior therapy techniques. Culture affects the treatment of autism through influencing how family members accept and respond to prescribed drugs and therapy techniques. Additionally, culture impacts the treatment of this disorder by affecting how the patient and his/her family view the disease and its diagnosis. Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

eventually take place (Honderich, 2005). The subject of free will arises due to scientific discoveries about human behavior's causal influence. If science can show that free will is an illusion, many important elements of the society can be undermined. Theoretical philosophical questions involve the definition of free will, and if it can accommodate scientific discoveries on the causes of human behavior and how so. Questions with regards to epistemology, metaphysics and the language and mind philosophy are just as important to people's daily lives as moral and ethics of practical philosophy. However, people's free will beliefs are relevant. Empirical evidence… Continue Reading...

Social Control As Displayed in the Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood

all of which were social calibers and who all had to display behavior that was fit for their social hierarchy. Religion was also used as a social control tool where the Bible is used to justify the practices of the Gilead and the existence of the regime. The Jacob and Rachel story, which actually forms the prologue is repeatedly referred to in the novellas being used by the system to define the relationship between the Handmaids, the commanders and the wives. For instance the wives are allowed to hit the handmaids because the Bible allows it. The bible is… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

how executives shape company values and behaviors. Disturbingly, the Enron case also shows how unethical corporate behavior is linked with unethical behavior in government. Summarize in one paragraph how you would explain Enron's ethical meltdown Enron's ethical meltdown is a result of two interrelated issues: unethical individuals making unethical decisions, and an organizational culture that enables unethical decisions to proliferate. The unethical decisions and behaviors mainly have to do with stock market manipulation and the falsifying of information related to the actual performance of the firm. By fooling the market into believing that Enron was making money, it attracted… Continue Reading...

Management and Operation Consulting for Google

for Google is that their advertisement platform had insights and analysis of the people's behavior who are Internet users. This contributed greatly to Google's value proposition (Jacques, Perry & Kristensson, 2015). All in all the single philosophy that propels Google's value proposition is the fact that it needs to provide advertising to a targeted people on the global scale. As a result, they used AdWords services that mostly encouraged startups, enterprises, small business and even individuals to advertise their goods and services using an online platform. The service adopted by Google enabled users to promote their services using Google… Continue Reading...

Early Childhood Education and Motivation

and disinterested in the core material. Although the second graders might be too young to create their own goal-directed behavior, Mr. Cardot could create some goals for them and link those goals to meaningful and engaging literature. According to the text, there are four main goal orientations in learning: mastery of the material itself, performance (looking good), work-avoidance, and social goals (p. 453). As he changes his instructional strategies in the class, Mr. Cardot will start to recognize differences between the students. Not all will have the same goals. Some will be motivated to master the content itself. Others… Continue Reading...

Judaism Religion Teachings and Festivals

are 613 laws coupled with the rabbinic teachings are all meant guide the moral behavior among the Jews. Gentile refers to a person that is not a Jew. It can refer to people of other religions according to the Torah. Tanak is an acronym that denotes the teachings (Torah), Prophets (Nevi'im) and writings (Ketuvim) which are the three basics of the Masoretic teachings of the Jews. Mishnah is a component of the Talmud that explains various traditional Jewish practices in the legal and ceremonial aspect. It offers guidance for the younger Jews so that they can follow the steps… Continue Reading...

Military Management and the Agency Problem

and the Agency Problem Agency theory can be helpful for understanding any organizational conflict or behavior, and applies equally as well to the private and public sector. Applied to the military organization, agency theory "offers insight into how military strategies relate to political objectives," an important consideration (Petrina, 2005, p. v). When it is applied to the corporate world, agency theory also offers insight into how executive decisions are made and how executives can become corrupt when they possess significant power and separation from agents or shareholders. There are differences in corporate versus military governance and organizational culture, but those… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education,… Continue Reading...

Social Work Care Case Study

social workers find themselves in the position of being primary care coordinators. This is especially true in situations like the Parker family's, in which there are multiple interrelated issues affecting the family and those issues require input from a wide variety of diverse healthcare workers. The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) stresses the importance of developing and maintaining cross-disciplinary partnerships and partnerships across different organizations that can "enhance access to and continuity of care for social work clientele," (p. 33). Therefore, the most important thing to address whether in public policy or administrative procedure is to have protocols and… Continue Reading...

Online Consumer Reviews from the Consumer Perspective

attitudes, and other elements that transcend the basic dimensions of consumer behavior. References "9 in 10 Online Small Businesses Network Online, 8 in 10 Gain New Business," (2012). MarketingProfs. Retrieved online: http://www.marketingprofs.com/charts/2012/8966/9-in-10-online-small-businesses-network-online-8-in-10-gain-new-business#ixzz28gWpw1hh "Luxury Brands Boosting Online Marketing Spend," (2012). MarketingProfs. Retrieved online: http://www.marketingprofs.com/charts/2012/8806/luxury-brands-boosting-online-marketing-spend#ixzz28gVdyP98 Module 3 1. What do you think of Amazon's move to online grocery delivery? Does it give the company a competitive advantage? 2. Identify one of your favorite grocery stores. What attracts you to it? Can you think of anything the store has done to draw your patronage and stop you from buying online? Is there… Continue Reading...

Julie's Psychological Assessment Report

Development History Form • Review of medical reports • Interviews • Diagnostic Checklist • Primary Sources Inventory • behavior Observations Chamorro-Premuzic (2015) evaluates different assessment tools that can be used to evaluate students' performances. The author identifies the Prehire assessments as the tools to evaluate the intellect, knowledge and moral integrity of civil servants. However, this type of assessment tool is not appropriate for Julie because Julie is still a student. Smiley, & Anderson, (2011) argue that motivation theory is the strategy to motivate students' cognitive performances. The authors identify the cognitive assessment as an effective strategy to assess students' ability. The benefit of… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of an Individuals Personality

learning) are approaches that focus on how individual traits are developed and how behavior is formulated. On the other hand, the complex models domains basically focus on how traits could impact an individual's personality. These two categories can be utilized in developing a personality profile of an individual based on interactions with him/her and the information on he/she posts on social media. TinaShazzy's Personality Profile The chosen theoretical approach that I will utilize in developing TinaShazzy's personality is the behavioral domain, which suggests that an individual's behavior is a reflection of his/her personality trait since personality is behavior (Phelps,… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Employability Of Graduates

the outcomes like the characteristics of the individual students, the attitudes, the skills, beliefs, values, attitude and behavior as these students leave the college (York T.T., 2015). This theory is a comprehensive approach to describing academic performance since it looks at the entire system that contributed to making who the graduate turned out to be. As per this definition, the EQ hence has been seen to be more important than IQ since the entire emotional process is examined to determine the academic performance. 2.4.1 Direct effect of emotional intelligence on academic performance The EI still remains to be the… Continue Reading...

Issues Within Special Education

that they know . . . without question . . . that their behavior is nasty, deviant and will not be tolerated in a modern society. This will create tension with parents . . . but it should (DeWitt, 2011). 4. Yell (2012) states, "RTI is more about making systematic changes in the ways that improve the education of all students [and it] has the potential to transform education" (p. 372). What theory(ies) exist(s) to support these claims? Explain. RTI, of course, refers to response to intervention. It is something that can be applied to special education but it… Continue Reading...

Solutions to Help Students with Disability

peers. He has faced delays in cognitive, social and adaptive behavior skills in the classroom (Miller, Krockover, & Doughty, 2013). He lags behind the rest of the students regarding academic achievement because he may remember something today and forget it the next day. The family is supportive because the members have taken steps towards addressing the issues facing their son. One of the things that they have done is to seek guidance on how they can help the child. However, the mother does not believe that the child has a disability. From her opinion, the child is normal and… Continue Reading...

Need for Cultural Change at an Organization

make sure strategy and culture match, focus first on a few critical shifts in behavior, honor and uphold the strengths of the existing culture, integrate formal and informal interventions and measure/monitor the evolution of the culture of the organization. The last of those steps, the evolution, should be made up of looking at business performance, critical cultural behaviors, milestones, underlying beliefs/feelings/mindsets and so forth (Katzenbach, Steffen & Kronley, 2017). When it comes to the justification and rationale for using the model mentioned above, that would be because there is a use of what works already while only adjusting what… Continue Reading...

Slp Module 3

...quizzes did you take? I took the Pakistan quiz and Cross-Cultural Work Scenario quiz. • Were you surprised at your score? No, I was unsurprised at my score as I have a fair amount of knowledge pertaining to the cultural requisites of diverse nation with regard to business and work. Further, I am fairly well-informed of numerous nations' basics and this facilitated my completion of the aforementioned quizzes. • What strengths do you think you have in the area of inter-cultural awareness? One can safely state that intercultural awareness is a mainstay of communication. This idea encompasses the following two… Continue Reading...

Personal Thought on Three Articles

or on parole. However, this has not been the situation because most parole boards do not consider the inmate's behavior while in jail, age, education level, and what home the individual would be returning to. They seem to only focus on the crime committed. Basing a parole hearing on the crime denies the individual the opportunity to rejoin society early. Research has shown that parolees are less likely to be repeat offenders when compared to individuals who serve their full sentence. This should be a good pointer to encourage parole instead of focusing on sentence completion. In the first-place… Continue Reading...

Crucial Conversations

important for a nurse who has to see new occurring on a daily basis. Several patients have a noncompliant behavior because they are not understood properly by the nurses or the doctor. A nurse then has to make sure to understand the patient and not treat them with threat or force. behavior of a human changes effectively when there is involvement on a personal level. Bibliography Grenny, J., Patterson, K., Switzler, A., & Macmillan, R. (2002). Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When Stakes Are High. US: McGraw-Hill Education. Continue Reading...

Review Of Human Resource Management

and management improvement. Training purposes to enhance prevailing work abilities and behavior while on the other hand development purposes to augment abilities in association with a future job or assignment. International managers necessitate various abilities, knowledge specific to the industry and also individualities such as capability to cultivate subordinates and handle responsibility. These individualities and proficiencies are deemed significant and can be developed via efficacious international training and management advancement. International training takes into account training for worldwide assignments. According to Shen (2005), there are three wide-ranging kinds of international trainings in multinational corporations. These consist of preparatory training… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Poverty on the Brain

.....backed by other research works, is chiefly grounded in Luby and coworkers' 2013 research project titled "The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development: The Mediating Effect of Caregiving and Stressful Life Events". It was obtained from EBSCOhost's database via a search activity, utilizing the expression "poverty and the brain". Poverty during the early childhood stage of life has an adverse effect on the development of the individual's brain, as indicated by school-goers' MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans (Lipina & Colombo, 2009; Lende, 2012). That environmental stimuli serve to enhance the production of hippocampal cells within lab animals in comparison… Continue Reading...

Should Audiences Be Quiet in the Theater

the audience, which leads to tension and problems among members of the audience who find certain types of behavior to be rude. I took from this piece that the theater is in real trouble. If half the audience acts like it is bored or fails to understand the "rules" of theater-going, then the actors and actresses who depend on audiences for their living will either have to give up their craft because the audience is simply not interested in conforming to their rules, or they will have to change their rules and cause the other half the audience to… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

.....biological well-being and the features of the environment and how these affect a person's behavior and criminal tendencies is made clear by biological theories. Research has proved that the common traits and actions seen in criminals like delusion, brutality, loneliness and spontaneity are a function of several biological features such as physical problems, blood glucose levels and eating habits, external head damage, mental function and makeup, heredity, body systems and impaired mental function. The supporters of this theory believe that the biological insight into conventional actions of criminal minds give more effective tools, mechanisms, beliefs… Continue Reading...

Children Going to Jail

capacity and morals, there are many others that were dealt some really bad cards in life and their behavior reflects it. There is obviously a point where even abused and mis-raised children have to follow adult rules. Even with that, having a blanket approach (either way) is not a good thing. Each case and its details should be considered (NY Times, 2014). Continue Reading...

Branding Strategy and Marketing Communication Plan

Market Segments Understanding the characteristics of the target market is a crucial step in developing the branding and marketing plan. This basically involves segmenting consumers. Consumers can be segmented based on their demographic, geographic, behavioral, and psychographic characteristics (Lamb, Hair & McDaniel, 2009). For the automobile industry, consumers can be segmented as follows. Demographic characteristics Individuals, male and female, families, middle- to high income, businesses, and professionals Geographic characteristics Behavioral characteristics First-time buyers, repeat buyers, seeking functional benefits, with family needs, seeking social status benefits, seeking quality cars, seeking off-road capabilities. Psychographic characteristics Enthusiastic about cars As per the table… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

risky behaviors unlike other age groups. While numerous efforts have been undertaken to understand the behavior and countermeasures for this age group, increased involvement in risky behaviors like speedy driving is common among them. Based on recent surveys, the crash rates of teenagers and young drivers are particularly high when they are driving in the presence of peer passengers as compared to when they are alone. Therefore, examining the influence of peer pressure and risk taking of teenagers and young adults' speeding behavior is an important issue of study. The study helps in determining the psychological factors brought by… Continue Reading...

Leadership in the Public Sector

public environment also means that public sector leaders must continuously adapt to change. Ethical behavior is also a crucial trait in public sector leadership. Public sector organizations work for the general public. Whether it is education, healthcare, agriculture, security, defense, or corrections, public sector organizations seek to address problems that face the public. Since addressing these problems requires taxpayer resources, transparency and accountability is crucial. As custodians of public resources, public sector leaders have a responsibility to ensure the resources are utilized in an ethical manner (Dukakis, 2010). Deficiencies in transparency and accountability would mean that resources allocated to address… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

and power grow. Although America's Prohibition Era was meant to curb the immoral behavior of American society, it had the opposite effect and allowed for further moral decay. Works Cited Engs, Ruth C. The Progressive Era's Health Reform Movement: A Historical Dictionary. Praeger, 2003. Hagan, Frank E. Introduction to Criminology: Theories, Methods, and Criminal behavior. SAGE Publications, 2012. Robertson, Carol. The Little Red Book of Wine Law: A Case of Legal Studies. American Bar Assn., 2008. Continue Reading...

Developing Work Teams in Organizations

Organizational structures across the world have experienced significant transformation in the past decade, especially because of the rapid technological advancements that have changed the modern business environment. The transformation of organizational structures has been geared towards enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the organizations in their respective businesses. An example of the dramatic transformation in organizational structures is the development of team-based work structures, which have contributed to the shift from organizing work around individuals. Team-based work structures have been developed as part of enhancing organizations' capabilities to achieve their strategic, economic, and technological objectives. The use of work teams… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Csr

food, health, and water. Going forward, it would be imperative for WCH to reconsider its ethical behavior as far as its Colberian operations are concerned. One of the things the firm can do to be more ethical is to improve the working conditions of local workers. More specifically, the company should increase compensation so that workers have more financial resources to support their basic needs. Secondly, the firm should provide workers with transport mechanisms (such as trucks) to reduce the large distances they have to cover every day moving indigenous plants from the jungle to the firm's manufacturing facility. This… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

Care of Vulnerable Populations COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT, ANALYSIS, and NURSING INTERVENTION • Week 1: Windshield Survey and Key Informant Interviews. Complete the First Section of the course template and submit. (Keep this section attached to Weeks 2 and 3 assignments.) • Week 2: Statistical Analysis of Community Health Problem. Complete the Second Section of the course template and submit. (Keep this section attached to Weeks 1 and 3 assignments.) • Week 3: Community Health Nursing Intervention. Complete the Third Section of the course template and submit. By now, you should have Sections 1-3 as one whole document. • Each section of… Continue Reading...

Issues in the Field Of Neuroscience

that interests me is neuropsychology, which is an area in neuroscience that focuses on the science of brain- behavior relationships. I find clinical neuropsychology as an interesting field of neuroscience since it combines concepts of psychology in the study of the nervous system, particularly brain-behavior relationships. Given the combination of neuroscience and psychology, clinical neuropsychology will enable me to feel empathy for my patients/clients when addressing their issues (Ogden, 2012). In light of my passion for this field, brain functions and neuroscience that I find interesting are neurobiological theories that explain dysfunctions in language, behavior networks, vision, memory, and emotion.… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

observations about the individual's way of live, values and behavior. For instance, understanding what people from specific cultural values helps in drawing about that culture in that specific aspect of value or behavior (Byram, 2015). For example, I have drawn the conclusion that martial art is a significant cultural practice in the Chinese culture. This conclusion is informed by the several Chinese films that I have watched that have largely been characterized by Martial Arts. This predominance of martial arts in these films informed the conclusion I have drawn from the Chinese culture. UNIT 4 DISCUSSION I am visiting… Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

to the formation of valuable stimuli which are the direct origin of behavior. Reduced social activities has been found by research to correlate to heightened risks of Alzheimer's, improved physical and cognitive health have also been significantly attributed to mid-life and late-life social interaction more than solitary mental activities like crossword puzzles. The most beneficial activities were found to include: club activities (e.g. partying and playing card or board games), family visits and visits to friends, and home activities or chores and hobbies (Tessler & Nelson, 1994). Figure 6. Memory Improvement A human being knotting a handkerchief to serve… Continue Reading...

Social, Political, and Cultural Pressures

.....dreamed of becoming successful the field of social work or another career that involves helping people, I was told that I could not succeed in college because of my learning disability. The situation occurred when I was applying to join college to advance my professional development and skills. Throughout high school, I was in an individualized education program (IEP) because of the learning disability. I obtained decent grades in high school and also held several leadership and volunteer positions because of my passion to help others. However, when applying for college, I was told that I may not succeed because… Continue Reading...

Understanding Voter Behavior Patterns

an affinity towards like-minded political leaders, creating that emotional reasoning that is continually present in voter behavior. Emotional reasoning comes with development of affinity. If someone seems like the voter, that voter likes the person, and will not question the motives or action of said person regardless of the outcome. Such thinking leads into chapter 4 of Popkins book, the creation of candidate narratives. Voters use a broad narrative to inform their decisions rather than the ideal citizen who looks at facts. For example, Popkin says voters frequently compare candidates to pre-existing stereotypes. "Representatives is a heuristic, a 'rule… Continue Reading...

Factors Influencing Market Entry and Exit Decisions

Market Entry and Exit Strategies and Decisions Entering the market in a timely fashion is equally as important as exiting the market. Just as leaving the market, market entry can be planned. In any market, a business can make money by properly timing both the entry and exit. If one miscalculates any of these, then the business runs the risk of not getting the return on investment. Entering a market sooner has the advantage of being a market pioneer (Bednarek, 2013). In contrast, late market entry can be advantageous since the products are cheap or improved unlike those already in… Continue Reading...

Management Dilemmas After Disasters

plays a critical role in epitomizing the significance of ethics among HR professionals. Matters such as behavior, ambition, and practical implications of these elements are discussed pertaining ethics (O'Connor, 2011). The media has remained vocal on controversial issues of business ethics. Additionally, these concerns have emerged from political and consumer groups, charity and religious organizations, and various professional bodies. The article engages the discussion on ethical dilemma concerning people management practice. Dilemmas that HR professionals face include role conflict, organizational change, accuracy in reporting, behaviors of leaders, and attitudes of bosses towards staff members. Ethical Dilemma HR professionals encounter… Continue Reading...

Sexual Harassment in a Workplace Organization

I witnessed at work was a case of sexual harassment on the part of one employee towards another. The behavior was ethically questionable at best and the incident was in line with ethical issues regarding sexual harassment in the workplace. This paper will describe the incident, define the ethical issues inherent in the incident, and discuss the ethical principles associated with the behavior. I was working in a library when I witnessed a male employee sexually harass a female employee in the library's stacks. He was commenting on her choice of a top and telling her lewdly that he… Continue Reading...

Dangers Of Backcountry Skiing to Society and Individuals

least three ways. One of these is avoidance, habituation, and attraction. The avoidance behavior is of importance when it comes to the recreational activities out in the mountains. The unpredictability of the backcountry skiing makes it a threat to wildlife especially if the number of skiers is high. The practice is, therefore, of importance based on the increasing popularity of the activity across the USA (Richard and Cote, 18). Wildlife responds through the flight and may move for long distances depending on the species of the animal. For example, the hunted animals and the large ones have a tendency… Continue Reading...

Why Music Matters and the History Of Slavery

.....music is important for "processes of personal and social integration," (1). This statement seems strange until we consider how music does affect our emotions, and also the way music plays a role in social settings. Therefore, music is more than just an abstract sonic art form. Music can serve symbolic roles, as in national anthems. Likewise, music can be used as a personal tool as when people wear headphones on the subway to create a sense of personal space and isolation. Music is also a social event, as when friends get together to form a band or when friends go… Continue Reading...

Profane Language and Inappropriate Media Content in Shows for Children

learn such language and use it unconsciously. They are still held responsible for their inappropriate behavior through improper use of language. Violent video shows also induce children to killing processes first hand. Virtual technologies have advanced so much to the extent that children playing these games not only act as by standers or sideline viewers. They are immersed in the action and made to take action as part of the cast in a gaming session. The connection is moved closer to reality. Some games have been noted to contain vulgar language, sexual content and themes that make them not… Continue Reading...

Kolb’s Model Of Adult Learning

with increased job satisfaction, employee loyalty, and productivity (Latham, 2012). A leader's behavior is a particularly important driver of employee motivation. In other words, a leader's style of supervising or controlling their subordinates can greatly affect the extent to which the subordinates are motivated. In this case, the new leader's style of management can be described as hands-on management. Hands-on management is a management style in which a manager is actively involved in the day to day duties they delegate to their subordinates (Tulgan, 2004). Rather than completely detaching themselves from the everyday activities of their function, department, or organization,… Continue Reading...

Mental State Of Shakespeare's Hamlet

in the hands of her father, who is a spy for Hamlet's new step-father (suspicious of his step-son's behavior). Without Ophelia's love, Hamlet is left to fend for himself and his mind is not strong enough to withstand the stresses that he is facing. Hamlet even knows that he is being spied upon and deliberately adopts a crazy persona to throw off his spies and his uncle -- he states that he will "put an antic disposition on" (1.5.172) -- but the sheer fact that he feels this will somehow work out in his favor is further evidence that… Continue Reading...

One Flew over the Cuckoos Nest by Ken Kesey

Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest offers an ironic portrayal of mental health and mental illness. The story of Randle McMurphy, told through the eyes and ears of Chief Bromden, shows how restrictive social norms and behavioral constraints are what cause mental illness. Mental illness and deviance are socially constructed. The men in the institution have been labeled as deviants, many of them as criminals too. Yet Kesey shows how the institution is the real problem, not mental illness. Nurse Ratched symbolizes oppression and social control, with Randle McMurphy as her foil. McMurphy is no angel, but… Continue Reading...

Herzberg Vs Job Characteristics Model

those factors. References Barrick, M., Mount, M. & Li, N. (2013) The theory of purposeful work behavior: The role of personality, higher-order goals, and job characteristics. Academy of Management Review. 38 (1) 132-153. NetMBA (2010). Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory. NetMBA.com. Retrieved May 13, 2017 from http://www.netmba.com/mgmt/ob/motivation/herzberg/ Smith, D. & Shields, J. (2012) Factors related to social service workers' job satisfaction: Revisiting Herzberg's motivation to work. Administration in Social Work. 37 (2) 189-198. Continue Reading...

The Human Nature Of Othello

is quite capable of contradicting itself, of attempting to rationalize irrational behavior, and of stooping to the basest of desires after giving way to all manner of evil thoughts and inclinations. The basest of desires that Othello gives in to consist of his desire for complete control over Desdemona and for her blood when he suspects that he does not have that control. Yet, in complete consistency with showing how human nature can swing from high to low and back again, Shakespeare has Othello remark at the end of the play, after he has realized his own guilt and… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan Reflection Victimology is one of the disciplines that has emerged in the criminal justice field to examine situations and vulnerabilities that make it more likely for people to become victims of crime. Additionally, this discipline also focuses on examining and understanding the harm people suffer due to being victims of crime or illegal activities. One of the core components of victimology is understanding who and/or what are crime victims in light of situations that increases vulnerabilities to crime. The rise of victimology today's society is attributable to the increased vulnerabilities that certain individuals and/or groups face,… Continue Reading...

Classroom Observation

teacher through engaging with individual learners and organizing them in small or larger groups. I didn't see any inappropriate behavior worth highlighting. Any behavior that is not focused on the current task is put out through a blunt stare or simple redirecting that led the learners to focus back on their task. The classroom rules and expectations are clearly displayed for everyone and are notably well observed by all classroom members. There were few instances when the teacher had to remind any member of the classroom about the rules. The teacher is a model and an advocate for fairness, learning… Continue Reading...

Personal Professional Development Plan in Nursing

Vision and Interests Personal VALUES Influencing FACTORS Responsibilities • Providing holistic, safe, and patient-centered care. • Providing individualized attention to patients when delivering care. Commitment • Model positive healthy behaviors. • Maintain current knowledge and skills while engaging in self-enhancement through continuous learning. • Uphold personal and professional standards of practice at all times during nursing practice. Personal Experience • I have previously cared for a sick family member before joining the nursing career. This influenced my choice to pursue a career in nursing. Family Member(s) • The family member I cared for influenced my decision to pursue a career… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

about leadership that have grown out of the 20th century's focus on psychology as a means of understanding human behavior. These theories and concepts have moreover built on one another over the years so that each is a reaction to that which came before. Of course, in some cases a new idea has come along that is completely radical and different from the others and is based on a new approach to human understanding (Maslanka, 2004). Nonetheless, even before the 20th century, leadership was a concept that philosophers, statesmen and religious thinkers all propounded upon. From Machiavelli to the… Continue Reading...

Statute Of Limitations on Rape

home and even though she made no sexual advances or engaged in voluntary sexual behavior with the man, she felt shame. That is a rather startling cultural and societal flaw, although its genesis would be hard to pinpoint without more information. Regardless, the fact that she felt shame despite the fact that she was clearly the victim is rather startling to say the least (Dedel, 2017). Even with the fact that she shied away from filing charges, forensic evidence was indeed collected within the proper window. However, the apparent rule is that if a crime is not reported within… Continue Reading...

The Uses and Importance Of Benchmarking

.....competitive business environment, benchmarking is an essential step in staying ahead of the competition while also addressing internal weaknesses and threats. Business benchmarking processes were first formalized by the Xerox Corporation in 1979 (Kelessidis, 2000). Formalized benchmarking involves picking specific performance measures or factors, analyzing competitors, comparing one's own performance on those measures with competitors, and making adjustments accordingly. However, informal benchmarking has long been a part of business operations because of the natural need for business owners to take stock of what competitors might be doing better. Some of the key purposes of benchmarking from a business perspective include… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics During a Merger

the merger. A Code of Conduct is designed to create and maintain an ethical organizational culture. Standardizing organizational behavior in a Code of Conduct helps to create social norms that govern business operations, which will tremendously help smooth out the kinks of the merger process. The merger is occurring between one larger and one smaller company, and a Code of Conduct will help to establish some ground rules for the new company culture. The following situations are covered in the Code of Conduct, based on my observations. Situation 1: Conducting Business on Neutral Ground Joe Smith achieved the tremendously lucrative… Continue Reading...

Left Brain Right Brain Worldview and Doctoral Programs

quantitative analyses are, social science research does not always lend itself to quantification. Human beings are not robots. Human behavior cannot always be translated into quantifiable data outputs. On the other hand, qualitative research is also insufficient because of its inherently subjective nature. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods is ideal for the social sciences. The debate between the practitioner/professional doctorate and the traditional research-based PhD also reflects the left brain/right brain binary. The traditional PhD can be a left brain or right brain pursuit depending on the nature of the research. However, it is generally believed… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Project

ability that makes a child conscious of his emotions, ideas and behavior. This is coined as self-awareness. Self-awareness however involves more than simple awareness of self rather it also refers to how much a student realizes the effect his actions (which are conditioned by his emotions and ideas) has on himself and those close to him. I pledge to create a high level of self-awareness among my students so that they can maximally exploit the resources available to them. Conclusion When backed by appropriate school laws, programs and systems, ethical education is very effective as it aids teachers and… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

of performance decline during continuous multitasking', Cortex; A Journal Devoted To The Study Of The Nervous System And behavior, 71, pp. 49-57, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 May 2017. Bos-Brouwers, HJ 2010, 'Corporate Sustainability and Innovation in SMEs: Evidence of Themes and Activities in Practice', Business Strategy & The Environment (John Wiley & Sons, Inc), 19, 7, pp. 417-435, GreenFILE, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 May 2017. Brady, K, & Lowell, W 2014, 'Theory vs. Practice: A Study of Business Consultants and Their Utilization of Corporate Culture in Daily Practice', Journal Of Practical Consulting, 5, 1, pp. 1-22, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 3… Continue Reading...

Counter Terrorism Community Policing and Changes

the community in serious ways. Police officers are expected to become keen observers of human behavior, to the point where they revert to the antagonistic role in the community. Instead of interacting positively with members of the community, police were being viewed increasingly with suspicion. Javier and his fellow officers had also been responding more to hate crimes against the Muslim community. Structural changes to the organization included greater centralization and more reliance on technology and big data in policing methods. Officers themselves were ambivalent about the changes because of their mixed implications and results. There has been a… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

the likelihood of corruption from line officers. If police officers are given minimal consequences regarding unlawful behavior, they may be more inclined to continue such negative behaviors. This is a clear representation of how organizational structure can have an impact on police corruption. Light, M. (2013). Police reforms in the Republic of Georgia: the convergence of domestic and foreign policy in an anti-corruption drive. Policing and Society, 24(3), 318-345. doi:10.1080/10439463.2013.784289 The Soviet Union has experience tremendous reforms that have decreased corruption among its governments. This observational study examines the nature and scope of reforms in the police departments of… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling and Social Work

uses the person-in-environment (PIE) theory to understand the person and the personal behavior in light of environmental settings in which that individual acts and lives (Hutchinson, 2014). By using the PIE theory in conjunction with the Gottman Method, the social worker may be able to provide a deeper level of assessment that can lead to breakthroughs for the couple. Relational Life Therapy (RLT) is a framework developed by Terry Real and is driven mainly via emotional experience. RLT focuses on the development of insight into existing, dysfunctional behaviors and thought patterns, replacing them with relationally-effective ones (Fitzgerald, 2017). RLT… Continue Reading...

Proposal Review

thousand characters (E1 vs. G1 proposals) excluding the title and the reference pages. Likewise, G1-3 is approximately three thousand three hundred characters excluding the title and the reference pages. Both proposals are double spaced as it is the requirement in APA formatted papers. Generally, the two proposals have adhered to APA formatting guidelines. They have a title page, the main text, and the references page. The main text is aligned at 0.5 inches indention. The pages are well paginated on the top left corner. For the title page, the header is well in line with APA header requirements, however, for… Continue Reading...

Assessment Of Communication Effectiveness

Communication Effectiveness of Made at TU Organization Made at TU Organization is an organization that existed at The University of Tulsa since the 1970s in order to help mechanical engineering students fund their projects. The organization was founded after the then Dean, Steve Bellovich, became interested in the efforts by mechanical engineering students at the institution to develop projects that help meet the needs of the local residents suffering from physical and developmental disabilities (The University of Tulsa, n.d.). Since its inception, Made at TU has developed to become an important student organization in this academic institution through leadership and… Continue Reading...

Marketing Management with Millennials

Like many other fields that exist within business and society at large, there is always some modicum of shifting and changes that occur. They usually do not happen overnight but they can move quickly due to being aided and assisted along in prominence by the presence of technology and other advancement. Social media, for example, is just one thing that has helped change the pace of society from noticeable to nearly frenetic. Even so, generational changes are the biggest source of change in many instances and paradigms and marketing management is no different. While the desires, wants and needs of… Continue Reading...

Hrm Leader

responsive financial partner for individuals and businesses in the community. Core values of a company propose the organization's attitude, behavior, and character. It is imperative for Sally to outline and properly delineate the bank's core values. This is largely for the reason that they mirror what is actually significant for the organization. In particular, these are not values that fluctuate now and then, but rather they are the reinforcement and foundation of the organizational culture. It can be deemed that these core values are to some extent the soul of ABC Bank (Kaplan and Norton, 2008). In accordance to… Continue Reading...

Perception and Role Concept

The term 'perception' deals with more than simply sensing a thing or accepting optical stimulation. Rather, it entails gleaning meaning from the things one views, hears, senses, smells and tastes (Pearson 6). Role Concept: One may describe roles as being a collection of behavioral requirements and expectations linked to a station within any given societal institution or system, which may be outlined as follows: Objective (detached) Subjective (wholly personal) (Pearson 18) How does a citizen's perceptions of the police affect the way the citizen acts toward a police officer? Civilians normally do not pay attention to law enforcement officials unless… Continue Reading...

Community Policing and Justice

duties. Still, qualified immunity is not applicable if law enforcers are proven to intentionally engage in unreasonable behavior (Advice Company Staff 3). Justice systems' roles include: Enforcing the Law: Law enforcers extract reports on offenses being committed within their jurisdiction. Officials look into criminal activity and collect and defend acquired evidence. Prosecuting: The term 'prosecutor' refers to lawyers representing federal or state governments all through the course of court proceedings -- right from the suspect's initial appearance at court till the final hearing where the suspect is either judged guilty or not guilty. Prosecutors evaluate the evidence they receive… Continue Reading...

Culture in the Workplace

from other cultures just because they are not of the dominant culture. That is bullying and quite likely bigoted behavior. Regardless of the motives and feelings behind it, such snobbery and elitism should never be allowed to grow and fester (Kearney-Nunnery, 2012). Conclusion The importance of the proper balance between being too culturally attuned and not being culturally attuned enough is something that cannot be stressed enough. What makes everyone should not be a source of contention and acrimony. It should be celebrated because it can offer and lead to differing perspectives and a better and more well-rounded type… Continue Reading...

Anti-bullying Bill in Texas

A few school districts had already instituted policies. However, the legislation provided a more comprehensive description of bullying behavior and how schools ought to respond to it. For example, policymakers explained that digital expression occurring on campus, within a school district-operated bus or at any school-connected activity may be taken as bullying. Nevertheless, it failed to incorporate similar expressions made outside the school premises, like social network posts and videos which percolate school life. According to policymakers, bullying led to physical child harm, property damage or the cultivation of a frightening, abusive or hostile atmosphere for children if it… Continue Reading...

Assessment Of Corporate Culture at Zappos

the questions accurately assess what is required to examine a company's culture through evaluating human behavior and the existing organizational norms, values, and practices. The questions also addressed some of the most important aspects for understanding corporate culture management styles, decision-making procedures, and professional development (Howington, 2015). In conclusion, organizational culture is one of the most important aspects in the success and profitability of a company because if its direct link to how work is divided and coordinated within the organization. An analysis of a company's organizational culture can be conducted using several techniques include McGinty/Moss assessment and McNamara… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dilemmas and Ethical Decision Making Framework

Ethics are essential for organizational success. They influence the decisions made by the employees and managers on issues affecting the performance of the firm (Project Management Institute, n.d.). An organization that upholds ethical behaviors has a culture that fosters not only productivity but also excellence in service and product provision to its target markets. Managers are tasked with the role of ensuring that ethics are upheld in a firm. However, they often face a wide range of ethical dilemmas that demand their use of ethical decision-making to come up with effective solutions that are beneficial to all the stakeholders involved.… Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

levels of formalization, centralization, and complexity (Srivastava, 2005). Each of these dimensions has a direct effect on employee behavior. For example, employees are highly likely to work under strict policies and play a minimum role in making decisions related to their firm in organizations characterized by mechanistic structures. In these structures, enterprises have highly complex, centralized, and formalized environments where task specialization is promoted and strict procedures are followed when making decisions. This also applies to the bureaucratic dimension where senior level managers make decisions for other the other stakeholders to follow (Buhler, 2011). When adopted, they are associated… Continue Reading...

Effective Skills for Organizational Leadership

conducted throughout the course, one of the changes I will make in my behavior in order to enhance my leadership/management skills is self-awareness. The assessments have enabled to understand that self-awareness is a crucial aspect towards developing leadership skills since it influences leadership style. In addition, awareness plays an important role in working effectively with people from different backgrounds (FMLink Group, n.d.). Self-awareness helps in identifying physical and personality attributes that influence leadership practice and the effectiveness of an individual in a leadership role or position. Therefore, self-awareness will enable me to make necessary changes and adjustments towards developing… Continue Reading...

Correlation Between Variables Understanding Business Forecasts

Part 1 Variable A: Number of school lunch eligible students in the school Variable B: Amount of funding received by the school for federal and state education-related programs Correlation: Positive Correlation Reason: The higher the number of school lunch eligible students, the higher the rate of subsidy Variable A: Impact of subsidy received Variable B: Age of students at school Correlation: Negative correlation Reason: The subsidy had a greater degree of response in elementary schools than it did in high schools Variable A: Number of classrooms connected to the internet Variable B: Student performance as measured by standardized test scores… Continue Reading...

Alcohol Use and Sex Crimes

Social science researchers can use either qualitative or quantitative strategies to develop informed and timely answers to their research questions, but these two approaches involve analyzing fundamentally different data sets. On the one hand, qualitative researchers can use various methods such as case studies, ethnographic studies, phenomenological studies, grounded theory, narrative and/or content analyses (Neuman, 2009). On the other hand, social science researchers can use quantitative strategies such as observational studies, correlational research, experimental, quasi-experimental and survey designs (Neuman, 2009). While both qualitative and quantitative research questions seek to gain new insights into a given phenomenon, there are also basic… Continue Reading...

Brain Development Disorders

viruses. Dementia is commonly associated with depressive symptoms because of its disruptions in cognitive, emotional, and social behavior. The cognitive symptoms of this condition include confusion and disorientation, memory loss and difficulties in planning, coordination and motor functions, problem-solving, and communication. The other symptoms include hallucinations, depression, agitations, anxiety, personality changes, unsuitable behavior, and paranoia (Baquero & Martin, 2015). The diagnosis of dementia due to a neurodegenerative disorder is a relatively complex process because of the cognitive and emotional factors involved. However, functional imaging on the brain is utilized for diagnosis of this condition such as CT, PET scans… Continue Reading...

Laws on Rape, Murder, Aggravated Assault, and Robbery

ethnicity, age, race, disability, or sexual orientation. On the other hand, harassment is a pattern of behavior that aims at annoying, terrorizing, or causing serious harm to another person. It often results in considerable emotional distress. The various forms of harassment include cyberstalking, stalking, and menacing. The Federal anti-stalking and harassment law protects the US citizens against these forms of crimes. Individuals convicted of harassment and stalking crimes are either jailed or fined, or both. The other form of crime against people in the US is kidnapping. Kidnapping is the process of taking an individual from a place to… Continue Reading...

Caliban and Prospero in the Tempest

is more rightfully his than Prospero's, yet the play conspires to suggest that because of Prospero's more civilized, European behavior, Prospero somehow has a greater right to govern the island. The paradox of Caliban is illustrated early on in the play when Prospero summons him. Caliban admits that he attempted to rape Miranda, to people the island with monstrous beings like himself. Thus, he is depicted as embodying many of the stereotypes commonly held about non-white, colonized people -- in other words, that they desire European women and that they are savage and ungovernable. Miranda is portrayed as shrinking… Continue Reading...

Research Methods Lecture 5 Practice

.....child's household income level growing up and how they spend their money when they become adults. Essentially, you want to know if there is any association between childhood wealth and spending in their later years asadults -- not only in the sample but also in the larger population from which the sample was drawn.THIS DATA IS COMPLETELY MADE-UP. Below is the resulting contingency table with the actual frequencies. Childhood Wealth Totals Spending in Adulthood Grew up 'poor' Grew up 'rich' 1=Frugal spender fe11=_____ fe12=_____ 2=Average spender fe21=_____ fe22=_____ 3=Big spender fe31=_____ fe32=_____ Totals Compute the expected frequencies (fe) for the… Continue Reading...

Human Need to Make a Commitment or Renounce a Course Of Action

Human beings, being the more intelligent of all the other creatures, ought to act in a structured, responsible, and accountable way -- more so when it comes to the maintenance and/or restoration of order in the society. In so doing, they are expected to abandon and reject actions or behaviors that fly against the principles of an orderly society. In the picture resource provided, we can see several people going about their daily routines, oblivious of what else is happening around them. A casual look at the picture does not reveal anything out of the normal. However, upon closer inspection,… Continue Reading...

Socioeconomic Status, Family Structure, and Parental Involvement

Socioeconomic Status, Family Structure, and Parental Involvement: The Correlates of Achievement Eagle, Eva Do class/socioeconomic status, the attention of a parent, the working patterns of the mother, and familial structure have any impact on a student's academic performance? This particular study seeks to, specifically, describe "the relationship between educational attainment and the components of the SES index as used in the National Longitudinal Surveys conducted by the National Center for Educational Statistics." The 1980 High School and Beyond senior cohort was utilized in the undertaking of this study, with more than fifty eight thousand high school seniors and sophomores (1980)… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

but unseen and utterly unattained, war-induced trauma lesson. The trend of war-time behavior issues surfacing is chiefly attributable to the unanswered generational arguments on the subjects of war's legitimacy, trauma-induced stress injuries, resultant stigma, and the gap between the psychological and medical domains (Russell & Figley, 2014). For healthcare practice to advance to psychosomatic medical ideals, there is a need to reorient medical staff training to ensure equal attention is given to the soma's and the psyche's roles in all ailments. The cultural paradigmatic move towards ''all-inclusive health,'' and the clear-cut elimination of obsolete dualistic views that falsely lend… Continue Reading...

Democratic Theory in American Politics

that poor Whites have in the last 50 years or so actually portrayed democracy in their voting behavior, particularly at the presidential level (p. 3). This, according to Bartels, has counterbalanced the gains Republicans have achieved in luring wealthy White voters. In addition, poor Whites have increasingly prioritized economic issues over social issues. Also, poor White voters tend to be less concerned about social issues compared to their affluent counterparts. Bartels' analysis reveals three reasons why Republicans have achieved tremendous success in the political arena in the last five decades or so (p. 4). First, voters myopically focus on… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Ethical Issues in Corrections

lack of public interest in the issue and a lack of zealous enforcement of ethical behavior in guards has caused the problem to fester. Appropriate screening and training of corrections officers is essential, as well as prosecution of offenders. Extorting sexual favors of prisoners is a crime in and of itself, a crime often worse than the ones the female offenders have been convicted of. The fact that one of the female offenders discussed in the New York Times article who had been sexually abused was innocent of the crime she was convicted of makes the story particularly poignant… Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

"If you treat people properly they may change their behavior and become ordinary citizens," the prison counselor explains in the Michael Moore documentary. In the US, there is no such prevailing opinion, attitude or philosophy at work in the corrections system. This may be one reason recidivism rates in the US are higher than they are in Germany and in the Netherlands. Another reason could be that the US measures recidivism differently than in Euorpe. As the Vera Institute of Justice's paper on corrections highlights, "Germany and the Netherlands use different base populations" when it comes to measuring recidivism… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Considerations Intellectual Property and Product Safety

problems that impacted on its clients and businesses. Investigating behavior is paramount in uncovering issues related to legal and ethical problems of any business entity. Pursuant to the scenario above, identify three (3) legal issues and problems PharmaCARE has in relation to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety. Be sure to identify the law in these areas and the extent to which PharmaCARE violated the law. All business outfits need a strategy for marketing in order to succeed. Indeed, while some of the strategies used may be written, some businesses use unwritten strategic marketing plans.… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

at their disposal, if required. The means include incarceration, probation, to punish and correct the behavior of the offender. All through the process, the rights of the convicted as well as the accused are cherished via the constitutional safeguards. There is a balance in the demand of the justice system to assess and indict culprits with the basic rights involving the accused (who happen to be assumed innocent) through this protection (FindLaw, 2014). The Criminal Justice system is comprised of four major players. Responsible for the keeping of peace and investigation of reported offenses is the Police. They are… Continue Reading...

Aged Population Showing Early Symptoms Of Dementia

Mental therapy using non-intense video games and how it affects brain health among the aged population showing early symptoms of dementia. The deterioration of cognitive abilities and brain tissue due to age could have several adverse effects on mental systems and could even lead to dementia. Thus, researchers are trying to discover methods which could help keep brain function, independence, health and cognition among aged people in its best shape. Usually, with age, the white and gray matter of the brain shrivels with this action seen more in its prefrontal cortex than other regions. Other affected brain parts are the… Continue Reading...

Autocratic and Transformation Leadership

when demanding that Peter work even during the weekend. An individual's capability of influencing the behavior of other individuals by means of a perceived threat to punish or via actual punishment is termed as coercive power. Workers, for instance, might follow their superior's command owing to an actual threat or an innate dread of being punished. The common punishments meted out in companies include disagreeable work assignments, rebukes, suppression of important information, suspension, relegation to a lower post, or firing. Owing to the adverse effects of coercive power (e.g., development of feelings of hostility towards the individual exerting such authority),… Continue Reading...

Vancouver Symphony Orchestra Essay

 In other words, it is important to understand the change in buying behavior but the questions only ask about recent behavior, so it is impossible to identify changes in behavior or trends.    The questions then provide some insight into the demand drivers for symphony performances.  For example, what types of music people seek out is valuable information, because some of the change in demand might well be product-driven.  The survey also highlights the perception that consumers have of the VSO.  While it is the only orchestra in town, there are other entertainment options and it is important for… Continue Reading...

Yonuts Product Description Essay

(million $) Growth (%) Share (%) 1 3 - 0.05% 2 9 200% 0.14% 3 22.5 150% 0.35% 4 45 100% 0.69% 5 90 100% 1.38%   Target Market There are many different ways to understand the target market, including demographic, psychographic and behavior.  The target market for YoNuts will be explained using all of these. Demographics reflect things like geography and basic characteristics of the purchasers including income, education, race, gender and age.  Doughnuts are one of the most popular snacks in America and this is because they have broad appeal.  Geographically, we intend first to target urban areas, where people are likely to have higher incomes, more open-mindedness with respect to foods, a larger appetite for luxury snacks and the high  population… Continue Reading...

Yonuts Company Analysis Essay

batter-based doughnut sold to the premium market.  The products, channels, buyers, consumer behavior and positioning are all different.  Again, this is by design.  YoNuts is a small company, and the product innovation adds costs that make it impossible for YoNuts to compete on the basis of price alone, so avoiding the low-cost competitors entirely is a logical strategy. Many of these competitors, including McKee Foods (Little Debbie) and Hostess, are privately-held large corporations, and they market a broad line of baked snacks, of which doughnuts are just one component. Krispy Kreme is a batter-based doughnut that is often sold… Continue Reading...

Curriculum Evaluation Plan Essay

the emotional status of the student, and how both internal and external factors may affect behavior and performance in school. The school psychologist works with both general education and special education teachers to maximize a student’s potential. Learning disabilities teacher consultant. This educational professional is trained to determine the learning styles of students, to determine specific achievement levels in a variety of content areas, and to recommend specific teaching methods and strategies that may benefit a student. This professional is generally called upon to model specific strategies and methods that may benefit students. School social worker. This educational professional’s… Continue Reading...

Media Theory Essay

of increasingly complex systems. Finally, digital media has enabled formal and informal surveillance and other forms of illicit behavior, transforming the relationship between actors and objects in ways that could alter political and social realities. Actor-network theory is an ideal lens and process by which to better understand the complex gamut of cybercrime. Developed initially in the 1980s and solidified in the 1990s, actor-network theory views technology within a social science framework. With actor-network theory, technology and media are both viewed as extensions of social and cultural realities, which is why the theory can potentially offer solutions to the… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

What Methods Can Schools in the United States Implement to Prevent Violence in Schools? Introduction Statement of the problem The recent upswing in high-profile violent incidents in the United States has focused increasing attention on the causes of this public health threat and what types of response are most appropriate. The debate over the most appropriate responses to increased violence in American society has also extended to the nation’s schools. Although it has always been present to some extent, violence has become a major problem in the nation’s schools in recent years (Kelly, 2010; Killam & Roland, 2014). While the… Continue Reading...

School Counselor Study Essay

School Counselor Case Study: “Tami Smith” The client is a 14-year-old ninth-grade student who recently transferred to this counselor’s school. The client’s former school counselor reports the family is severely dysfunctional, and characterizes both Tami and her mother as being extremely manipulative. Based on the facts outlined in the case study, this paper describes how Tami’s counselor should handle this situation. What do you see as your priorities? There are three overarching priorities involved in Tami’s case as follows: Compelling this student to faithfully attend class and complete her assignments in a timely fashion; Persuading Tami and her mother that… Continue Reading...

Violating Social Norms Essay

Social Psychological Experiment: Violating Social Norms Most Americans place a high priority on their personal space as evidenced by how far people stand apart from each other in virtually any public setting. Indeed, most Americans will unconsciously gauge just how much space is available for their personal space -- even on crowded elevators -- and when this personal space is violated, many people will experience discomfort and even alarm. While the reactions may differ, it is reasonable to posit that most Americans will react to violations of their personal space in some fashion. To gain some additional insights into this… Continue Reading...

Student Loans Essay

Student Loan Data System School Portfolio Report (SCHPR1) to determine patterns in borrowers' repayment behavior and characteristics of those most likely to default. Based on these findings, borrower outreach initiatives can be fine-tuned depending on the identified default risk. Organizations like USA Funds can assist with this analysis and even perform outreach campaigns if needed.  3. Provide counseling and information to borrowers when they need it. USA Funds experiences better contact and counseling rates with borrowers early in the loan life cycle. Borrowers who have trouble repaying their student loans are more likely to respond to offers of help… Continue Reading...

North Korean Missile Testing

off Japan, there is something going awry in the country to cause such an increase in worrisome behavior. This essay will highlight the background of North Korean conflicts and the current problems with North Korea’s decision to continue missile tests against the wishes of China and the United States. To begin understanding North Korea’s erratic behavior regarding recent missile tests, one must look at the Korean War. Every schoolchild in North Korea is taught, mistakenly, that the US was the cause of the Korean war. “…but they also learn, correctly, that their nemesis was responsible for laying waste to… Continue Reading...

Performance Management and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

upward, and the most fundamental needs that motivate human behavior are physiological—i.e., shelter, food, water. The second level of motivation consists of needs relating to safety—personal as well as financial security. The third level consists of love and/or a sense of belonging—the need for relationships and friendships. The fourth level consists of esteem—the need to be respected and to feel confident. The highest level of motivation consists of self-actualization—the need to achieve your goals and fulfill your highest potential as a skilled, capable, talented individual (Maslow, 1943). In a performance management system, assessing the level of need that an… Continue Reading...

A Schizophrenia Brochure for Floridians

disorder that causes the patient to experience hallucinations, delusions, irrational speech patterns, anti-social behavior, a loss of willpower/motivation, a possible catatonic state at times, and more. This broad spectrum of symptoms should be seen for at least a month, with behavior being monitored for up to six months. Schizophrenia Who is Affected ? According to the World Health Organization, about 24 million people around the world are affected by schizophrenia. Men are 1.4 times more likely to suffer from schizophrenia than women The prime age group for individuals who suffer from schizophrenia are ages 20-32 Schizophrenia is not typically found… Continue Reading...

How to Treat Schizophrenia and Autism

Mental Illness vs. Developmental Disabilities Saks (2009) displayed symptoms of schizophrenia while Kirtland (n.d.) displayed symptoms of autism. Saks would have auditory and visual hallucinations, have thoughts that were completely disconnected from reality, exhibit confused thinking, and sometimes completely breakdown and be unable to function in any capacity. Kirtland lacked the ability to effectively socialize or connect in a typical “human” way: he did not want attention, to be held, to cuddle as a child, and lacked social understanding to be able to make friends outside his immediate circle or to hold a long-term job. Saks’ (2009) case was different… Continue Reading...

How Public Perception Shape the Performance Of the Fire Department

Abstract Emergency personnel occupying the fire and emergency services make day-to-day decisions and their behavior contributes to the constant evolving of public perceptions. The negative perception of the public due to their scrutiny of fire and emergency operations, budgets, and behavior has slowly tarnished the image of these departments. Therefore, measures should be undertaken in saving the image of the fire and emergency services field through talking openly, reflecting on honesty, working collaboratively, taking responsibility for upcoming issues and acting professionally. The following study looks at the perceptions of the public concerning the Fire Department and the factors influencing their… Continue Reading...

Change Framework to Lateral Violence in Nursing Practice

framework once implemented. The first barrier to its implementation is the difficulties of behavior change. Most often, the behavior of people is often embedded in their social identity. Such behaviors in individuals are so deeply rooted and constitute their identities and define them. Therefore, the process of changing this behavior in individuals who are accustomed to them can be slow. The nurses who are deeply rooted in the behavior of lateral violence will find it hard to change their behavior and their overall perception about their colleges and adopt the behavior of tolerance for each other (Dimarino, 2011). This… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Steroids and Hgh

be exercise and athletic doctors that are the ones engaging in the improper behavior. Some of these same doctors and experts are using their talents to make “designer steroids”. The upside of these special steroids is that they are meant to be undetectable when it comes to drug tests administered by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and other groups. Just like with the street versions of HGH mentioned earlier, these drugs be very risky as they have not been reviewed and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in addition to being blatantly illegal to develop or use… Continue Reading...

Company Progressive Discipline Policy

Abstract This paper provides a comprehensive progressive discipline policy that will be utilized in managing employee behavior in the workplace. This policy is developed on the premise that managing employee conduct is crucial towards enhancing workplace productivity and organizational success. The policy includes an overview of purpose and procedures that will be undertaken for corrective/disciplinary action by the human resource department. It also includes a brief description of the appeal process and issues that are not subject to the organization’s progressive discipline framework. The policy provides explanations why termination of employment can be considered as the first or last… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

needs help to walk. Educative/Supportive, in this system, means a patient is independent, but needs assistance in behavior control, decision-making, as well as getting hold of information (Meleis, 2012) (Abotalebidariasari, Memarian, Vanaki, Kazemnejad, & Naderi, 2016). If this were to be seen through my practice, three patients could be in the emergency department. One is bedridden and cannot move because of recent surgery. This person needs complete help in everything. Another person, who underwent minor surgery needs help with bathing but can take his or her own medication. And the last one, a patient experiencing an infection, that just… Continue Reading...

Who Is Responsible for Initiating the Cold War

as a feedback loop will reintroduce new information into the old algorithm, Stalin’s behavior served as justification (in the eyes of the West) for more severe actions against the wartime ally. In other words, sanctions led to paranoia which led to more sanctions and so on. Nor was the paranoia all on Stalin’s side. Truman wanted to demonstrate his bravado by decimating two cities in Japan with the Bomb—an act of merciless cruelty that had as much to do with paranoia as anything. The effect, of course, was that with the introduction of this new destructive technology, no world… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Diego, M., & Herandez-Reif, M. (2010). Preterm infant massage therapy research: A review. Infant behavior and Development, 33(2), 115-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.12.004 Field, T., Diego, M., & Hernandez-Reif, M. (2011, June). Potential underlying mechanisms for greater weight gain in massaged preterm infants. Infant behavior and Development, 34, 383-389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.infbeh.2010.12.001 Institute of Medicine. (2007). Preterm birth: Causes, consequences, and prevention. [PDF version]. http://dx.doi.org/10.17226/11622. Kim, H. (2017). The Effects of Enteral Feeding Improvement Massage (EFIM) on Premature Infants: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Nursing. Martin, J. A., Hamilton, B. E., Osterman, M. J., Driscoll, A. K., & Matthews, T. J. (2017). Births:… Continue Reading...

The Origins and Types Of Behavioral Therapy

Behavioral therapy has its roots in basic behaviorism, the principle that human behavior can be modified through systematic training or interventions. Since B.F. Skinner first laid the foundations for behaviorism through experimentation, the methods used in behavioral therapy have changed dramatically. Behavioral therapy, or behavior therapy, is not one but a variety of approaches that psychological counselors use to help clients change their behaviors. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017) advocates the use of behavior therapy as an “effective treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),” (p. 1). behavior therapies are designed not… Continue Reading...

A Good Man Is Hard to Find Flannery O'connor

Flannery O’Connor’s short story “A Good Man is Hard to Find” details a road trip gone wrong, as a southern family steers themselves right into the hands of a serial killer. The protagonist is a grandmother with skewed social values and norms, as well as the beginnings of cognitive impairment or dementia. When she mistakenly tells her son to head to the wrong state to find a house from her distant memories, the grandmother sets in motion a chain of events that leads to the death of her whole family. Using violent imagery, Flannery O’Connor provides an inherently pessimistic tale… Continue Reading...

General James Mattis Leadership

but at the same time intimidated them. Mattis extremely aggressive behavior was similar to that of Stanley McChrystal through the later had egoistic tendencies. General McChrystal was a revered combat leader who led troops in Afghanistan, which was one of the longest and most complex political-military conflicts in the history of the United States. He was a brilliant combat leader who would inspire his troops, but also a fiercely dedicated general who would be demanding of his troops (Reilly, 2017). Mattis utilized such strategies though he did not have egoistic tendencies like McChrystal. For instance, in one instance, while… Continue Reading...

Toxic Leaders in the Military

toxic leaders is establishing a system of supervision through which toxic leadership behavior in military units is detected and addressed by the organization’s top leadership. For example, the top management should conduct climate assessments and 360-degree feedback to identify toxic leadership behavior and address it (Reed & Olsen, 2010). Secondly, the actions of toxic leaders can be countered through providing executive coaching that is centered on behavior modification (Reed & Olsen, 2010). While such training has received minimal attention within the military, it would help in dealing with toxic leadership in military organizations. The executive coaching for behavior modification… Continue Reading...

Office Space Organizational Culture Environment

their anger using arson or embezzlement, as shown in the film, many will act passive-aggressively. Passive-aggressive behavior is often prompted by a lack of empowerment. For example, Peter tries to tell Lumburgh that he has the memo and that his forgetting the cover page was just human error. He also reminds Lumburgh that the report is not actually due for another day, so there is no need to worry. Rather than react using common sense or even listening to Peter, Lumburgh ignores him and reiterates his demands. As Riordan (2013) points out, showing a little gratitude to employees, recognizing… Continue Reading...

General James Mattis Thesis & Outline

General James Mattis who is commonly known as, “Mad Dog,” spent 40 years on the front lines before retiring and being appointed as the new Secretary of Defense. During his years in service, Mattis led combat troops in different missions including the battle in Fallujah, Iraq. Given his experience and actions, General Mattis has become a prominent figure in the military, particularly in the debate on how the military should engage in irregular warfare such as one in which enemies deploy computer viruses or hide in mosques (Dickerson, 2010). Mattis’ ethical and moral compass can be gleaned from the infamous… Continue Reading...

Expectancy Theory Of Motivation

Performance-enhancing compensation practices and employee productivity: The role of workplace bullying. Human Resource Management Review, 24(1), 5-16. doi:10.1016/j.hrmr.2013.08.013 Sims, R. R. (2002). Managing organizational behavior. Westport, CT: Praeger.   Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

that man should be aware of, as it informs his own critical thinking, behavior, and understanding of right and wrong (“Kant’s Philosophy of Religion”). Indeed, Kant “sought to locate the concept of God within a systematically ordered set of basic philosophical principles that account for the order and structure of world” (“Kant’s Philosophy of Religion”). Into this order and structure would fall questions such as, “Is murder immoral?” Kant’s system was not stagnant, however; it developed over time and evolved into something where subtle distinctions emerged to raise new questions about how right and wrong could ultimately be determined.… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Motivation and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

was conducted decades ago, recent research on motivation and human behavior continues to substantiate Maslow’s core claims. Researchers continue to operationalize Maslow’s definitions of needs and motivation, leading to a strengthening of the original theory and expanded applications in the social sciences. Maslow himself wrote extensively to develop and mature a comprehensive theory of human motivation based on the hierarchy of needs model. The original needs hierarchy consists of five fundamental needs: for physiological comfort and fulfillment, for safety and security, for belongingness, for esteem, and for self-actualization. Although definitions of terms have shifted somewhat, the fundamental tenets of… Continue Reading...

General James Mattis Leadership Style and Strategies

General James Mattis – Thesis & Outline General James Mattis who is commonly known as, “Mad Dog” spent 40 years on the front lines before retiring and appointed as the new Secretary of Defense. During his years of service, Mattis led combat troops in different missions including the battle in Fallujah, Iraq. Given his experience and actions, General Mattis has become a prominent figure in the military, particularly in the debate on how the military should engage in irregular warfare such as one in which enemies deploy computer viruses or hide in mosques (Dickerson, 2010). Consequently, General Mattis has utilized… Continue Reading...

Karoru Ishikawa Contributions to Quality Control

Quality control, quality assurance, and quality management are taken for granted as essential components of organizational theory and behavior. Although Karoru Ishikawa framed quality control from a Japanese perspective, his suggestions have become entrenched in international business, particularly in manufacturing and industrial engineering sectors. The Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) already had a quality control division in place when Ishikawa joined the organization; yet his contributions to quality control in science and engineering were so tremendous that over 50 scientists at JUSE recently contributed to a book commemorating the Ishikawa. Ishikawa’s primary contributions to quality control… Continue Reading...

Altruism Vs Rands Selfishness

a very low regard for altruism. Most people view altruism as a requisite for morally defensible behavior. Rand believes such a viewpoint is inherently limiting and contradicts the means by which man survives—by fending for himself (Rand 6). A fair amount of truth exists in Rand’s concept that the default ethical theory of our society is altruism. This notion is rooted in the longstanding belief that doing things for others is somehow much better than doing something for oneself. In fact, she states that popular conception is that there is a notion of sacrifice which is an integral part… Continue Reading...

Psychology and Behaviorism Essay Outline

mind. Behaviorism was the first attempt to study human behavior using the scientific method. However, there were many different approaches to behaviorism. II. The Early Foundations of Behaviorism A. The structuralism versus functionalism debate 1. Structuralism: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Tichener tried to show that they could use introspection as a scientific method with the goal of objectively understanding the structures of the human mind or consciousness. 2. Functionalism: William James and later behaviorists were more interested in how the mind works and why the mind reacts to stimuli as it does. B. Functionalism was a direct extension of… Continue Reading...

History Of Psychology Annotated Bibliography

Pavlov’s experiments. Using dogs as subjects, the Russian scientist revolutionized the study of human behavior with his studies showing how classical conditioning works. Clark (2004) traces Pavlov’s work, and also shows how it was received. Then, the author shows how Pavlov’s conditioning experiments became classical conditioning through the work of B.F. Skinner. Essentially, this research uses primary sources to explain the evolution of behaviorism and early psychology from Twitmyer onwards. Digdon, N., Powell, R. A., & Harris, B. (2014). Little Albert's alleged neurological impairment. History of Psychology, 17(4), 312-324. In 1920, Watson and Rayner conducted a now-famous experiment on an… Continue Reading...

Jane Goodall Interview with Bill Moyers

in chimpanzee society, which remarkably resembles human society. Chimpanzees also dance and perform ritual-like behavior in front of waterfalls, in similar displays of awe, joy, and wonder that humans demonstrate in their religious expressions. Goodall also speaks about emotions in chimpanzees. Although most viewers recognize that animals do have emotions, hearing about the expressions of empathy and nonverbal communication among the chimpanzees is striking. According to Goodall, the chimpanzees reveal that the root of all love and compassion. One of the most striking passages in the interview is when Goodall speaks about her relationship with David Greybeard—the first chimpanzee… Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Leadership and Teams

John, Julie, Tom, and Jinsoo to help cultivate a harmonious team environment including establishing norms of behavior and communication. Through the assertion of a harmonious team spirit, I might be able to elicit an innate response from Harpreet and Darius to join in and set aside their differences. Steps 1. Meet with Darius and Harpreet individually first, Hear them out, writing down their concerns if necessary. After digesting what they have told me, I would recommend moving onto a group meeting between just the three of us. I would serve as mediator, asking them to consider that they do… Continue Reading...

Prosecution Of Andrew Fastow

purposeful misrepresentations, including media such as telephones and email. The offender’s behavior that violated the law There were several things which Fastow did to repeatedly commit both wire fraud and securities fraud. Perhaps his actions to commit wire fraud were more pervasive than those to commit the former crime. One of the primary ways that Fastow committed wire fraud was by communicating with a number of banks to hide Enron’s mounting debt while inflating its assets. Fastow did this numerous times, calling these banks—such as Merrill Lynch “problem solvers” when it was time for Enron to do its quarterly accounting… Continue Reading...

Coping with Emotional Challenges Among Salespersons

Abstract Salespersons encounter some of the most stressful events in their daily endeavors to make sales as they handle people with widely varying emotional intelligence. This makes them have emotional challenges that is not dealt with can grow to worse conditions. This research will look at the most effective way of the salesperson participating in the handling of the emotional challenge they get themselves in. there will be a conceptual framework drafted that will help in understanding the concept of expressive suppression as a way of handling emotional challenge among sale persons leading to emotional stability among the salespersons. By… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism As a Separate School Of Thought

to propose behaviorism as a science, using the tools of the scientific method to measure human behavior. However, human behavior is remarkably complex and Watson’s early research failed to capture the nuances of human cognitive-behavioral responses. Pavlov built upon Watson’s foundation, and is probably the most famous of all the pioneering behaviorists. Pavlov’s famous dog experiments have become part of the common vernacular (Clark, 2004). Like Pavlov, B.F. Skinner focused on operant conditioning. However, Skinner took the entire concept of conditioning a step further by showing how stimuli could be manipulated to manipulate responses. Pavlov had yet to break… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Sarbanes Oxley Act in Curbing Corporate Fraud

accounting scandal, court hears. Business Insider. Retrieved from http://uk.businessinsider.com/tesco-fraud-trial-whistleblower-report-accouting-black-hole-2017-10?IR=T Smith, J.S. (2016). Accounting Information Systems: Ethics, Fraudulent behavior, and Preventative Measures. University Honors Program Theses. 178 Wells, J. T. (2017). Corporate fraud handbook: Prevention and detection. John Wiley & Sons. Young, M. R. (2013). Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection: Governance and Effective Practices. John Wiley & Sons.   Continue Reading...

An Effective Strategy in Dealing with People with Mental Disorders

The Freudian model adeptly explains, though falls short of forecasting, human behavior. Consequently, it is not possible to either prove or disprove the theory. For instance, testing and measuring the unconscious brain in an objective way is tough. On the whole, the Freudian theory may be considered highly unscientific. Scant evidence exists for supporting PDT’s (psychodynamic therapy) implementation for obsessive- compulsive disorder (OCD), post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), bulimia nervosa, psychosis or cocaine addiction. The basis for a majority of Freudian theories is proofs garnered from an unreliable sample. Freud’s subjects were largely himself, a child he called Little… Continue Reading...

Breakfast Club Film Review and Analysis

Adolescence is an especially critical development stage for any individual. At this stage, individuals not only experience biological changes, but also become more aware of gender roles and expectations and experience cognitive development. Also, individuals at the adolescent stage are influenced by various socialization agents, such as family and school. As depicted in the film The Breakfast Club,[footnoteRef:1] adolescents go through critical changes in this stage of their life. This paper highlights the developmental markers observed in the film, especially with respect to gender, biology, and cognition. The paper also highlights various socialization agents (specifically school and family) and how… Continue Reading...

Kant’s Notion Of ‘perpetual Peace’ in Managing Peace

War. At such levels, the population of a given country will need to internalize the costs of its war behavior, and by so doing, they will be organizing their country into a liberal world where states are law regulated (Carothers, 1997). The sanguine nature of Kant concerning the prospects of peace looks at the ultimate goal for nations is an unachievable idea. Human beings are naturally antagonistic. Their existence in intelligible and sensuous worlds predisposes them to engage in wars to prove their might. However, they should apply the laws of reason, but it should be noted that the… Continue Reading...

Why Parents Should Be Liable for Their Children's Bullying

Education and Centers for Disease Control includes three core components as follows: (1) unwanted aggressive behavior; (2) observed or perceived power imbalance; and (3) repetition of behaviors or high likelihood of repetition (Facts about bullying 5). This definition, however, is silent with respect to the intended outcome of such behaviors. For additional clarify, the definition provided by Shaugnessy states that, “Bullying is a conscious, willful, and deliberate hostile activity intended to harm, induce fear through the threat of further aggression, and create terror" (51). While the prevalence of bullying is highest during the middle school years, bullying can occur… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

outcomes among different patient populations. References Bryan, W. V. (2014). Multicultural aspects of human behavior (3rd ed.). Springfield, IL.: Charles C Thomas - Publisher, LTD. Egede, L.E. (2006, June). Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(6), 667-669.   Continue Reading...

De Jouvenel Quote on Sheep and Wolves

hundred years ago. In fact, these words speak a timeless truth about human social behavior and political culture. Especially in a democracy, when the people are entrusted with the power to create whatever government they desire or whatever government they believe will bring about desired outcomes, being sheepish is a dangerous proposition indeed. When people become mindless followers, succumbing to the mentality of a herd, they surrender their humanity and fail to accept the responsibility of good citizenship. Being a citizen in a democracy is a responsibility, as each person’s actions will have consequences that impact everyone else. Sheepish… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

Immigration Policies as a Tool for National Security Of late, societal apprehension towards immigrants, criminal behavior, and terrorism have intensified, giving rise to concerns regarding the American migrant system’s efficacy in maintaining the safety of the nation’s people. Recent events revolving around crimes, weaponry crossing national boundaries and foreign- born people has triggered a series of reactions with the most intense ones demanding a sealing of borders, barring migration for individuals hailing from high- risk foreign territories, and putting a stop to refugee resettlement. Theory of Migration Migration represents mankind’s story from the outset to the current age. It has its… Continue Reading...

Infant Observation and Parents Interview

making noises. He started drooling at some point; his mother had to wipe his mouth. The boy demonstrates normal behavior for a 12-month-old. His gross and fine motor skills are age-appropriate. He can take hold of objects which fit within his hand when sitting, standing or crawling (Lake, 2017). Ryon shows particular interest in people’s facial expressions, which he responds to. If his mom smiles, he too smiles, opening and closing his hands. On occasion, he simultaneously starts wiggling his toes. If he finds his mom unsmiling or not focused on him, Ryon observes her for some time prior… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

areas I would like to research in the field of criminal psychology. Bartol, A.M. & Bartol, C.R. (2014). Criminal behavior: A Psychological Approach. Boston: Pearson. This textbook is a good place to start in a research paper on criminal psychology. Bartol & Bartol (2014) provides an overview of the subject. After an introduction and chapters on the origins of criminal behavior, the text delves into more specific topics like criminal psychopathy, sexual assault, and substance abuse. This book can be helpful at the early stages of research to provide guidance in preparing a more in-depth paper later. Hicks, S. J.,… Continue Reading...

Comparing the Us and Canadian Healthcare Systems

Introduction The health care system in the United States is often compared with that of other countries, and the one that comes up the most frequently in Canada. The Canadian system has better outcomes in general than the American system, and is completely different in terms of structure. This paper will examine the key areas where the systems differ, and seek to extrapolate what that means. Basic Systems At its heart, the US system relies on market forces for much of its activity. Health care is providers are usually paid by insurance companies (or the government, which will be discussed… Continue Reading...

Sexual Assault and Legal Standards

been blamed for what they are wearing and their behavior towards the perpetrator beforehand. But such evidence should not be relevant in a court of law. Similarly, popular opinion might pressure legislatures to create legislation which demands that rape victims violently resist their attackers. But while this may be popular among members of the public who might have judged the behavior of the victim in the Berkowitz case, it is not good law or in keeping with the principles of justice. Works Cited Commonwealth v. Berkowitz (1992). Case Brief Summary. Web. 4 Nov 2017. http://www.casebriefsummary.com/commonwealth-v-berkowitz/ Comm v. Berkowitz (1992).… Continue Reading...

Effective Classroom Management Techniques

academically; this is the whole sense of having teachers in the classroom. They will be able to assess the behavior of their students and build a learning environment geared towards eliminating wrong behaviors. I hold the motto that the major tenet in approaching inappropriate behavior relates to making the students appreciate and learn from their mistakes. This is an objective approach for the student who will ensure that once a mistake is made, they should learn from it and avoid it in future. The learning environment should give students the opportunity to make ‘meaningful’ mistakes, but the teachers should… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

the concern that some people are being thrown in jail even though they will soon “age out” of criminal behavior. Indeed, men in their 60’s are not able to crawl through windows, run and jump fences like someone in their 20’s or 30’s (Besemer, Ahmad, Hinshaw & Farrington, 2017). In short, there is an obvious pattern and prevalence whereby people are being incarcerated for non-violent offenses. There is also a pattern of some prosecutors “stacking” charges so as to coerce a defendant into a plea bargain (Gocha, 2016). It is not unreasonable for someone that presents a risk to… Continue Reading...

Talk Therapy and Psychotherapy in Psychology

1. The term “depth psychology” is appropriate for referring to psychoanalysis, but not for all types of psychotherapy. Any psychotherapy that involves in-depth self-assessments through the exploration of unconscious or subconscious urges, dreams, or childhood memories can be considered depth psychology. As the term suggests, depth psychology presumes that psychological issues have deep roots, requiring a process of systematic digging. Self-awareness is only possible through an understanding of all psychic content that has been and still is being repressed or suppressed (Axelrod, 2012). Depth psychology is therefore important for persons who experienced childhood traumas, or people seeking to understand the… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

a manner that could be seen as being professional. There is a clear need to not only transform the behavior of my officers but also implement measures to change the attitudes of members of the public towards officers. Some of the qualities that I possess and that could come in handy in this endeavor include but they are not limited to charisma and vision. Gaines and Worrall (2011) define vision as the ability to have a clear mental image of the ‘destination’ and what needs to be done to reach the said destination, and the ability to communicate this… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

Confidentiality Breaches in Clinical Practice The confidentiality and privacy of patients are considered as one of the fundamental freedoms that they should enjoy and are safeguarded under Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPPA). It is also a precept of the American Medical Association’s Code of Ethics and the Hippocratic Oath. The breach of confidentiality is unethical and illegal. Medical professionals are under the obligation of protecting the patient’s confidentiality. Confidentiality and privacy prohibit medical providers from unlawful disclosure of the patient’s information. Some of the inappropriate disclosures include discussing a patient’s case in the elevators or corridors,… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Neo Freudianism

Annotated Bibliography Axelrod, S. D. (2012). "Self-awareness: At the interface of executive development and psychoanalytic therapy. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 32(4), 340–357. In “Executive Development and Psychoanalytic Therapy,” Axelrod (2012) focuses on the singular concept of self-awareness, from a psychoanalytic point of view. Self-awareness, or self-knowledge, is a traditional and established goal of the psychoanalytic therapeutic process. Through psychoanalysis, the client gains insight into his or her own psyche, thereby initiating a self-driven change that has the potential to transform lives. Related concepts include self-monitoring, which can be used outside of the therapeutic relationship, as well as in therapy. Self-monitoring requires the… Continue Reading...

Other Cultures Xenophobia and Understanding

University Press. Bryan, W. V. (2014) Multicultural aspects of human behavior. Springfield, IL: Charles C.Thomas Publisher Kitsantas, A. (2004). Studying abroad. College Student Journal 38(3): 441-452. Marquit, M. (n.d.). 5 reasons to learn about different cultures. Retrieved online: https://liverichlivewell.com/learn-about-different-cultures/ “Understanding Culture and Diversity in Building Communities,” (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/culture/cultural-competence/culture-and-diversity/main   Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

justice in complains regarding fabricated ruling or abuse of court behavior. Normally, the boards do not have the jurisdiction to review the merits of the evidence presented before the court and the factors the influenced the judge to make particular decisions. They argue that doing so will greatly compromise the independence of the judiciary (Faragher, 2015). Therefore, these existing controls are not adequate in addressing the concern of judicial impropriety. Secondly, in cases where the judicial officer is found guilty, the law does not provide for the judiciary to indicate any criminal persecution against them. However, the judge can… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

a significant impact on our relationships and our ego throughout the life span. According to Freudian theories, manifested behavior is based on latent problems of the past. The therapeutic process of psychoanalysis is designed to help the client become aware of past problems or latent desires that have been suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams as the language of the unconscious mind, and the development of ego defense mechanisms as psychological coping mechanisms. Dream analysis… Continue Reading...

Organizational Analysis for Veterans Health Administration

to employees. · The informal groupings in a workplace have more influence on employees’ behavior. · It is vital that managers take the social needs of the employees seriously. VHA provides care for veterans and just like any other healthcare facility there are employee groupings that have been formed that are informal and they mostly consist of employees within the same department, rank, or job. Using the human relations theory, one can see how these informal groupings are beneficial to the employees because they can interact with each other and form social bonds that keep them motivated when working. VHA… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

positively impact the follower’s engagement in self-influence and self-control of his/her behavior.  The second hypothesis portrays the view that directive leadership does not promote follower self-leadership when it interacts with follower need for autonomy. The research method employed in the study is quantitative research in which longitudinal data was collected using questionnaires. The first set of data (i.e. leader behavior and followers’ need for autonomy) was collected from 404 subordinates within 75 groups while the second (followers’ self-leadership) was collected from 313 subordinates within 72 groups.   The analysis was carried out using hierarchical linear modeling since the research… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Transcultural and the Amish Community

A largely insular community since their initial settlement in the United States, the Amish community presents unique challenges for healthcare workers. The Amish eschew modern technology, including many of the tools and techniques used in modern medicine. In fact, the Amish community also forbids higher education (Adams & Leverland, 1986). Misconceptions and misunderstandings about the Amish further complicate healthcare decisions and relationships between healthcare providers and Amish patients. For example, it is commonly assumed that the Amish “lack the preventive practices of immunizations and prenatal care,” (Adams & Leverland, 1986, p. 58). While the rates of immunizations are relatively low… Continue Reading...

Leadership Dynamics at Johnson County Sheriff Department

Effect on Leadership Role with His Officers Sheriff Jones’ priorities influence his leadership behavior and the conduct of the other officers. His leadership style would resemble a transactional model as discussed in the management module. This leadership approach is premised on the idea that a quid pro quo occurs between a leader and his followers (Scott & Byrd, 2012). In such a case, the leader specifies the conditions under which the subordinates must work, and the subordinates perform what is expected of them. Moreover, his leadership role could be affected by his junior officers… Continue Reading...

Parents Sexuality and the Psychoanalysis or Psychodynamic

being fixated at the oral stage would theoretically predispose one to have some type of oral fetish. Abnormal sexual behavior can be traced to fixation or stagnation, a neurosis that is due to a previous difficulty at one of the stages of development. Freud’s theory is interesting, certainly, and has its own internal logic. However, Freud’s model is not at all scientific. Freud also focused almost exclusively on male libido, being personally perplexed by female sexual desire and by women in general (“Modules on Freud: On Psychosexual Development,” n.d.). Without any substantial research to back up his theories, Freud’s… Continue Reading...

Colonialwebb's Human Resource Plan

Executive Summary ColonialWebb is a construction company that has developed to become a leader in the Mid-South through superior construction as well as installation and service of developing mechanical systems. The company has experienced tremendous growth and profitability across its operations because of various factors including its unparalleled and wide range of capabilities, industry experience, and technical expertise. The company is operating in the construction industry, which is a branch of the commercial enterprise sector that focuses on the development of buildings and mechanical systems. This industry is regarded as one of the booming industries across the globe given the… Continue Reading...

Cast Away: a Film Of Great Humanity

Human Condition under Extreme Stress Human beings under extreme amounts of stress will engage in some of the most fascinating behavior, though behavior that exudes a certain commonality emerging within the human condition. Scholars of human behavior manifesting within extreme circumstances have looked at survivors of the Holocaust, refugees, war prisoners and others in comparable situations and examined how common patterns of behavior will emerge when a human being is under extreme stress. This paper will discuss some of the major themes of the human experience as demonstrated in the film Cast Away by Robert Zemeckis (2000). Synopsis The film… Continue Reading...

An Explanation Of the Definition Of Science

why that phenomenon exists or what meaning it has. A social scientist observes human behavior. A natural scientist observes anything from animal behavior to the behavior of cells and molecules under a microscope. The observation can be directly ascertained through the human senses or indirectly through the use of instruments and apparatus. When instruments and apparatus are used, the scientist needs to verify the authenticity and reliability of those measuring devices. Instruments need to be calibrated and proven effective for measuring what they are designed to measure. Identification refers to identifying all the variables and coming up with a… Continue Reading...

Virginity Definition and Differences in Cultures

on virginity hurts women because it places undue emphasis on a non-existing notion instead of encouraging safe behavior within the society. References Amer, A., Howarth, C., & Sen, R. (2015). Diasporic virginities: Social representations of virginity and identity formation amongst British Arab Muslim women. Culture & Psychology, 21(1), 3-19. Bearman, P. S., & Brückner, H. (2015). Promising the Future: Virginity Pledges and First Intercourse1. American Journal of Sociology.   Continue Reading...

Societal Perceptions Of Pornography

pornography is an immoral practice that should not be encouraged is that it promotes destructive behavior. Throughout the years, the consequences of pornography have clearly demonstrated that it is not a suitable or responsible way for exercising or fulfilling sexual impulses. This is essentially because those pornographic actors portray an incorrect picture where either gender, particularly females, is used as sex objects. The fulfillment of sexual impulses in pornographic films is not based on love, but simply acts that the characters engage in to make money. Therefore, pornography does not demonstrate the appropriate and responsible way for fulfilling sexual… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Examinations

happened. Street-wise kids like that are more attuned to the costs of their behavior than Goetz was. (qtd. In Roberts 1989) If Professor Fletcher is right, was Goetz justified in shooting? Professor Fletcher made an extremely astute and correct observation when he observed that Goetz was not justified in shooting, as he noted that a mere “sorry, I don’t have five dollars” would have readily diffused the situation. It’s more likely that this case is a slice of life about racism in society and in the justice system, as it existed in the 1980s. Goetz was clearly raw and… Continue Reading...

Reflective Listening for Social Work

sure: it’s like putting it into autopilot. 2 Feeling: Ticked off Empathetic Response: Their behavior is reprehensible and would tick any good person off. 3 Feeling: Lacking Empathetic Response: He did say he wants to be buddies, and just because your swim skills might be lacking doesn’t mean he’d change his mind: perhaps he wants to be buddies by helping you improve your swim skills. 4 Feeling: Discouraged Empathetic Response: Yes, it all sounds discouraging. I wonder why the teacher gave the other student the tutor and not you? V 1 Feeling: Mixed up Empathetic Response: It is a situation that… Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

past, is extremely moving and reveals socio-environmental impacts on behavior. It attempts at presenting diverse human behavioral elements which develop between childhood and adulthood. Age may prove to be a key influencer of environmental experience-based individual human behavior. Fisher’s character attempts at explaining the developmental trajectory impacted by prior experience. Early childhood issues and challenges end up impacting the character’s behavior in the long run. Early childhood is an especially vulnerable age marked by fragility and events experienced herein will most certainly influence behaviors. The lack of protective elements like religion and parenting gravely threatens developmental trajectory. Early adverse… Continue Reading...

Psychoanalysis and the Different Types Of Research

one of the psychosexual stages could result in dysfunctional behavior later in life. In many cases, this does seem to be true; childhood experiences do leave lingering memories with deeply rooted emotions attached to them. Therefore, the Freudian theory of psychosexual development can be applied to a contemporary society. The post-modern worldview allows for a considerable degree of nuance in the way Freud’s theories are interpreted and applied to each person. In fact, contemporary researchers have revisited and revised Freud’s theories to synchronize them with postmodern sensibilities and social norms. Tauber (2012), for example, suggests that postmodernism interjects a… Continue Reading...

Smoking Stages Of Change

to do to bond with friends versus going on smoke breaks. The maintenance stage involves maintaining the change in behavior, which in this instance is abstaining from smoking. Maintenance requires regular vigilance, given that relapses are common. The maintenance stage may require somewhat different behavioral changes, given that the client will likely wish to taper off any medications he or she is on. Going to therapy may be less frequent but having some sort of a resource to deal with cravings is still essential. Again, asking the client what junctures of the change process stymied him or her in the… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Analysis

State v. Stark (1992) Mr. Stark was the defendant in this case which concerned her action of infecting three women with HIV sexually. He tested positive for HIV, which was then confirmed twice by doing two other independent tests. As an ordinary procedure, Stark was taken through counseling sessions to make him aware of the risk involved in handling HIV. He was informed about the risk of the disease spreading and the importance of making his partner aware before having any sexual escapades with her. However, he disregarded this advice and this came to the knowledge of the county health… Continue Reading...

Various Issues Of Organization Behavior

of head of team selection. Recommendation There is need to understand employee personality and behavior in order to know the different parts that can be played by the various employees. The process of promotion needs to take into consideration several aspects and not only the technical performance of an individual. As the team head, Joe also needs to develop a listening ear and interactive personality that accommodates views of different people he handles on a daily basis. The Judy Smith case study This case study primarily talks about a supervisor who causes discontent among employee to the extent that it compromises… Continue Reading...

Factors Affecting Employee Retention in an Organization

significant implications for personnel and human resource management as well as organizational behavior. A descriptive research design was utilized to conduct this study through a Likert scale survey instrument comprising of seventeen questions. The survey was administered to a group of participants from three military-affiliated organizations. The survey found that various factors impact organization’s ability to retain its employees including organizational culture, gender roles within the company, family conflict. However, female employees are more affected because of family and children issues such as sick children and daycare problems. Keywords: employee, organization, retention, company, work, absenteeism, work-related stress, working environment,… Continue Reading...

Globalization Is Not Americanization

workers at the management tier find themselves having to adapt to American—as well as British—standards of behavior and comportment in business. As Kopp (2011) points out, the assumption that all companies around the world do business the same way, communicate the same way, and reach agreements using the same ethical and philosophical frameworks, is why some people believe globalization equals Americanization. The reverse case can also be made, in that when American firms enter foreign markets, the onus is on the leaders of those American firms to learn how to communicate and do business in their new target markets.… Continue Reading...

Different Learning Styles and Aptitudes

the scientific evidence underpinning each of my steps in the process towards achieving my goals in changing my behavior. 3. Schedule one day per week for each activity. I will set aside specific days for exercise, specific days for eating a vegetarian-only home-cooked meal, and specific days or half-days for spending time with my family. This step reflects several learning strategies, including confluence, precision, and sequence. 4. Talk about my goals and plans with people I trust. As a Confluence-oriented behavior, talking about my goals also increases my sense of personal accountability. When I tell people that I will… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

Parkland, Florida Shooting – Rampant Gun Violence in the Nation’s Schools What started as a normal day for the teachers and students at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida on February 14, 2018, soon transformed into a scene of grisly mass murders and injuries perpetrated by 19-year-old high school student Nikolas Cruz. Unfortunately, this national tragedy was just another in a seemingly unending series of similar massacres of students and teachers in the nation’s schools in recent years and it galvanized the American public attention to the need for stricter gun control laws. Indeed, even as this paper… Continue Reading...

Way Of the Peaceful Warrior Book Analysis Essay

be addressed.  In the words of Bailey and Burch, “the mentor has to be a great behavior analyst…” (329).  Dan’s initiation commences with Socrates displaying to him his entire life’s visions.  To be able to do this, Socrates ought to have had some innate skill (mystical or professional) in the analysis of the behavior of his protégés.       Mentors also help their students determine their life’s purpose.  This, according to Berry and Fehrmann could be done by ensuring students are able to recognize not only their strengths but also their weaknesses (5).  During the commencement of Dan’s… Continue Reading...

Europe and the Modern Era

and other countries may soon follow. References Bryan, W. V. (2014) Multicultural aspects human behavior. Springfield, IL: Charles C.Thomas Publisher, LTD. Charlemagne. (n.d.). History. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/charlemagne Lucie-Smith, A. (2011). Is Belloc best forgotten? Retrieved from http://www.catholicherald.co.uk/commentandblogs/2011/12/05/is-belloc-best-forgotten/ Continue Reading...

Dr Laura Advice on Relationships

Review of Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives by Dr. Laura Schlessinger  Part I Dr. Laura (2002) discusses stupid behaviors that women engage in when it comes to relationships in Ten Stupid Things Women Do to Mess Up Their Lives. The underlying theme of the book is that women need to develop a better sense of self, have more self-esteem and self-confidence, and should not feel so much fear and dependency when it comes to relationships. The biggest mistake that women make, according to Dr. Laura, is that they always find a reason to justify why… Continue Reading...

Reminiscing on My Teens

theory, I am able to clearly explain certain facets of my behavior and personality traits. The crux of Bronfenbreener’s ecological systems theory is that there are a number of subtle layers to the overall ecology which influences people as they mature and age. The first of these is the immediate environment in which they live, which is termed the microsystem or micro level (Neal and Neal, 2013, p. 722). My microsystem was largely stable and included a home with my brother and parents—all of whom were older than me. Other than living in an apartment when we were first… Continue Reading...

Apple's Human Resources Strategy

emerging to compete for the world's top tech talent. Human Resource and Organizational behavior Analysis Apple faces a significant challenge in that it needs to recruit a lot of employees – a constant recruiting cycle, and these need to be among the best and brightest in their roles. Apple needs to have the best engineers and designers because competition at the high end of the consumer electronics industry requires excellence in all facets of the design function. Apple's recruiting function is therefore constantly focused on finding the best talent. To do this, Apple relies on a couple of things. The… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism and Neo Behaviorism Approaches

of psychology that emphasizes the significant role of environmental factors in shaping people’s behavior. This approach of psychology emphasizes that environmental factors influence behavior more than intrinsic or genetic factors. Based on this school of thought, all behaviors are influenced by interactions with the environment and therefore focuses on stimulus-response behaviors. The behaviorist movement has attracted several varying perspectives among different psychologists including John Watson’s classical S-R behaviorism. Classical S-R behaviorism is an approach that postulates that all psychological functions can be explained through observable, overt, and measurable muscular movements, nerve impulses, and glandular secretions (Moore, 2011). However, classical… Continue Reading...

Racism and the Rabbit Proof Fence

Preconceptions about race prevented the white Australians from accurately assessing the needs, motivations and behaviors of Aboriginals by giving the white Australians a bias in their own minds that served as an agonist towards the race that was different from their own. In many ways it was no different in America, where the White Anglo Saxon Protestants (WASPs) viewed the blacks and the Mexicans and the Catholics as subhuman or of a lower class or caste which should not be allowed to populate or hold political power. In the end, it is all about control, and the people who put… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

it have on us in relation to the promotion of hatred and violent behavior? In what way does it shape people’s explanatory approach and minds? An inherent relationship has been found between mood and music. Scholars constantly attempt at objectively explaining the occurrence of such influences. Research works demonstrate that music engages, within the listener, a broad array of psychology-influencing neurobiological systems (Bergland, 2012).  Music apparently impacts an individual’s physical performance by enhancing vigor with shifting rhythms and diverse tempos, in contrast to the utter absence of music (Belford et al, 2013). This paper will address three distinct models… Continue Reading...

How to Quit Smoking

Introduction My friend has been a smoker for five years. She is a pack-a-day smoker. Not only is this habit expensive (she may spend upwards of $50 a week on this habit), but it is also not very good for health, as numerous studies have shown (Agaku, King, Dube et al., 2014). I would like to help her quit smoking so that she can save her health, save money, and just be an altogether more enjoyable person to be around. (It is not that much fun being around a person who smokes all the time). To solve this problem, I… Continue Reading...

Suicide Among Psychiatric Patients

guide for evidence-based practice. 3. Among psychiatric patients with suicidal ideations or a history of suicidal behavior (P), does family and group therapy (I) reduce risk (O) versus patients who do not receive any family or group therapy (C)? This is one of the most feasible PICO questions to use because family and group therapy options might offer some sound solutions for preventing suicide and reducing long-term risks. 4. Do community awareness, public service announcements, and other means of education and communication (I) help reduce rates of suicide (O) among discharged psychiatric patients (P) versus communities that do not receive… Continue Reading...

World War Two Propaganda Pamphlets

sink ships” message is an example of how the government established norms of behavior, and also used fear as a driving emotive force behind its propaganda (Little, 2016). Propaganda posters were also designed to create a sense of community-driven war efforts, such as asking citizens to conserve or ration their food (Riddle, 2016). In addition to the domestic propaganda used during World War Two, the American government also engaged in an even sneakier means of manipulating minds: disseminating propaganda among the enemy civilian population. The American Office of Strategic Services used what it called “black propaganda,” which was made… Continue Reading...

Advanced Nurse Practitioner Diagnoses

on alert to help her mother, which makes it difficult to relax. This adaptive behavior is also demonstrative of the stress Martha is experiencing, which is linked to depression (Zhao and Castellanos, 2016, p. 421). Mind Map: At the center of the mind map Jack’s hands as they currently are: red, flaky, warm, and slightly irritated. The map will have arrows to six circles around it for epidemiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, clinical presentation, disorder diagnosis, and adaptive responses to alterations. The epidemiology will contain information about whether or not any of Jack’s co-workers are manifesting the same symptoms on… Continue Reading...

Best Practices Involved in Changing the Accounting Information System Ais

Abstract This particular report is an evaluation on AIS through case analysis and presentation involving AIS failure, possible alternatives the firm may have had and just how the management should have strategized to avert the failure. In the end, the paper reveals best practices for migration from another system to AIS. To change the Accounting Information System (AIS) best practices Accounting info systems (AIS) has transformed business processes on a worldwide scale. When financial data is entered into the AIS, financial statements and reports are created at several business levels to make profitability certain. Steinbart and romney (2012) revealed that… Continue Reading...

Bandura Self Efficacy and Chomsky Skinner Debate

of behaviorism. Chomsky believed that Skinner was basing his entire view of human behavior and learning on simplistic stimulus-response activity, and Chomsky wanted to show that human beings are far more complex than animals. Coming at the issue from the perspective of a linguist, Chomsky also focused on how complex verbal behaviors are, and suggested that behaviorism cannot explain how human beings process language. Chomsky also suggested that Skinner’s methodologies were weak, in that they were only valid within the laboratory setting and not in the real world. Therefore, Chomsky questions the overall efficacy of behaviorism as a whole… Continue Reading...

Does the Truth Matter?

expressed misgivings about Mr. Blair’s reporting skills, maturity and behavior,” these revelations exacerbated mistrust in the company (Calvert and Robert 3). The reporter’s brief, unconventional career definitely features prominently in media ethics works and journalism conferences. It signifies “a calamity for all of American journalism” for several years (Calvert and Robert 4) Works cited Calvert, Clay, and Robert D. Richards. "Journalistic Malpractice: Suing Jayson Blair and the New York Times for Fraud and Negligence." Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. LJ14 (2003):1. Barry Dan, Barstow David, Glater Jonathan D., Liptak Adam & Steinberg Jacques. CORRECTING THE RECORD; Times Reporter Who… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development and Film Breakfast Club

means of undoing the perception that she is a virgin. Clare’s behavior and attitudes towards sexuality reveal the double standard established for women, in that they are damned if they do, damned if they don’t. Another developmental marker of adolescence is biology. When Clare mentions that she has never even been “felt up” before, she is referring to her budding boobs. She proudly displays those boobs in a humorous fashion, when she performs the party trick of putting on her lipstick by holding the stick between her breasts. At puberty, all individuals undergo rapid changes in their anatomy, physiology,… Continue Reading...

Strategies to Enhance Patient Satisfaction

line with its objectives. As hospitals are very political environments, addressing the different leadership challenges also facilitates organizational change behavior. The leaders must be at the center of the change process by acknowledging that ED overcrowding is a system-wide issue that requires an all-encompassing approach and consistently reminds the team that patient flow remains a priority (Schoenenberger et al., 2016). By developing policies and procedures that reduce the waiting time and length of stay in the emergency department, the healthcare system design is supported, and the processes are improved. Subsequently, patient and employee satisfaction is guaranteed besides the enhancement… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles in Traditional East Asia

well as demonstrate the virtues of diligent work, demeanor, behavior, and speech. Based on Confucianism, women were required to obey male figures in the society because women’s roles were centered around the home whereas men’s roles were centered outside the home (Clunas, p.141). For example, in the traditional Korean society, women’s duties at home included carrying meals and alcohol on top of their heads (E-Wha, p.180). Since women’s roles in the traditional Chinese, Korean, and Japanese societies were centered at home, medieval documents have very little information regarding women at work or in public spaces (Yasuko, p.99). Actually, there… Continue Reading...

Education Classroom Management Journal

the strategies recommended including improved awareness of non-verbal communication cues and a systematic means of redirecting and reframing problematic behavior (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013). Effective classroom management requires sensitivity to issues like cultural diversity and other contextual variables, too. The authoritarian approach does not work with adolescent students, especially, requiring teachers to develop a flexible and creative approach to problem solving in the classroom. Building relationships with students is also a comprehensive goal. Teachers create cultural ecosystems within their classrooms, and also recognize that the school and its community are also constrained by norms and values. Empowering students… Continue Reading...

Education Setting and Special Education Accommodation

students. The teacher has a large projection screen for displaying the slides and uses ample visual aids. behavior Expectations: The head teacher pointed out to me the list she made and posted clearly behind her desk. This list was of all the main ethics of comportment in the classroom. The first thing on the list was “do no harm.” Others included “respect others,” and “learn from someone who disagrees with you today.” One of the items on the list was, “It is OK to be shy.” The teacher said that she clearly outlines her expectations, and relies a lot on… Continue Reading...

Tools for Organization Development and Change

to take hold. References Bryan, W. V. (2014). Multicultural aspects of human behavior (3rd ed.). Springfield, IL.: Charles C Thomas - Publisher, LTD. Camp, L. (2012). Strategic and organizational development tools to enhance research development. Retrieved from https://nordp.memberclicks.net/assets/RDConf2012/presentations/nordp-2012-camp.pdf Toolpack Consulting. (2012). Tools in the pack. Retrieved from https://www.toolpack.com/tools.html Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

respect for diversity.   References Bryan, W. V. (2014). Multicultural aspects of human behavior (3rd ed.). Springfield, IL.: Charles C Thomas - Publisher, LTD. Moca, D. (2017). Community unity event pushes people to get out of comfort zone, embrace diversity. Retrieved from http://www.chicagotribune.com/suburbs/naperville-sun/news/ct-nvs-community-unity-march-st-1213-20171212-story.html VanTimmeren, C. (2017). WMU’s Bronson School of Nursing awarded $2 million to increase cultural diversity. Retrieved from http://wwmt.com/news/local/wmus-bronson-school-of-nursing-awarded-2-million-to-increase-cultural-diversity Continue Reading...

School Crime Prevention Programs

get money. Even so, the program does partially address gangs, violent behavior and other related items (Ingraham, 2017). Another program that exists is known as Second Step. This would be the program that helps try to reduce aggressive behavior and impulsivity in children. This program is good in that such behavior is strongly correlated to crime and thus it needs to be addressed. One major failing of the program is that such behavior commonly has its genesis with mental illness. Thus, a professional approach from psychologists and so forth would be the better approach. Even so, teaching children self-control… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Organizational Change Management

This course has played a critical role in my professional development in organizational management. One of the most important lessons I have obtained from the course relates to management of change in an organization. This is an important lesson since organizations in today’s business environment are faced with the need for managing organizational change because of the changes in the business environment. As I reflect on the insights obtained from the course, I have learned about change management and found some readings, resources, and assignments helpful in this process as well as some that did not fully engage me. However,… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

canadienne, 49(3), 182-185. How might attribution theory provide an understanding of a person's behavior? How can a teacher, parent, coach, or other person in a leadership position use this theory to motivate an unmotivated individual? Attribution theory shows how individuals attribute their own behaviors to internal or external causes. For example, some people blame other people when they fail, whereas others blame themselves. A person who claims, “I’m just not good at math” internally attributes their performance on a math test to something they think is immutable. That person might also attribute their performance on the test to their unwillingness… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

A synthesis of what the studies reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question developed The mindfulness meditation theory appears to have the potential to treat addictive disorder patients. Zgierska and coworkers (2009) state that such models seem to be safe if implemented within the context of clinical studies. One can find considerable methodological shortcomings in a majority of existing works on the subject. Further, which addiction-diagnosed individuals may derive maximum benefits out of mindfulness meditation isn’t clear. But, of late, related initiatives and practices in the role of complementary clinical aids for treating multiple physical and psychological… Continue Reading...

Pepsico Organizational Change Caused by Aquafina Water

own three main facets, and knowledge is one of them. They exhibit mindful behavior and adaptiveness. Cultural intelligence involves all these aspects. What the authors are saying is that there is a need for people to be knowledgeable so as to understand the cross cultural points of departure, the mind to understand such situations and the ability to adapt appropriate behavior in cross cultural settings. Thus, people who exhibit the three traits possess a high level of Cultural Quotient (Thomas and Inkson 2003). The greatest asset that PepsiCo have is people. The company believes in creating a workforce that… Continue Reading...

Quantitative Research Designs Validity

Validity, in essence, has got to do with the extent to which a given research study measures the accuracy of a specific concept – effectively meaning that a study can be said to have passed the validity test if it accurately mirrors that which the researchers set about to investigate. In quantitative research, as Polit and Beck (2012) point out, “researchers strive to design studies that are strong with respect to all four types of study validity” (p. 303). As the authors further point out, while an attempt to enhance one kind of validity may benefit another form of validity,… Continue Reading...

The Causes Of Fake News and How to Prevent It

Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society. A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information. 1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like Facebook increases the likelihood that a person will believe the fake news story, with the effects lasting as long as a week (Pennycook, Cannon, & Rand, 2017). 2. Evidence: The prior exposure phenomenon is a type of… Continue Reading...

Professional Needs Assessment

myself and the various actions I take to further my career predicated on the counsel and behavior of another. Were I able to attain a mentor, he or she could assist me with the some of the facets of improvement I need as identified in my needs assessment. For instance, organization is one of the areas in which I could stand a fair amount of improvement. If I were able to meet with a mentor either formally or informally, in person or via the telephone, I am sure I could learn some prudent ways to better my organization to… Continue Reading...

Health Concern Database Query Report

Overview Human immunodeficiency virus - HIV continues to be a serious health concern across the world. In essence, HIV brings about harm to the body of an individual by destroying infection fighting white blood cells. Not all persons with HIV end up developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), which is the last HIV infection stage. In the United States, Centers for Disease and Control – CDC (2018) points out that HIV has been on the decline within the last decade as a result of targeted efforts to prevent the same. However, according to CDC, “progress has been uneven, and the annual… Continue Reading...

Wildlife Conservation Issues

efforts In order to extend my study to ascertain more information about the behavior of elephants, there are multiple things to do. The first would be to continue my virtual monitoring of this species via the webcam service that was utilized. That could include a fortnight of additional monitoring. Also, it would help to monitor the species at different zoos. These measures could help to understand the particular needs of this species and how they are presently met. Alterations in the perception of the species watched on the webcam My perception of the species of elephant certainly changed while watching… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

police brutality for all populations. One of the founding fathers of behaviorism, B.F. Skinner, proposed a science of human behavior in which behavior could be measured and controlled using scientific methods and principles (Baum, 2011). Coinciding with radical behaviorism is research in the realm of psychobiology, which shows there are biological causes and effects of behavior. These biological causes and effects can be measured using various means such as physiological tests, blood tests for hormones, and electroencephalograms. Specifically , police brutality can be construed of as a learned response to stressful situations. The stress response is “located both in the… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

Introduction Organizational behavior is the study of the way people interact within an organization. The aim of organizational behavior is to facilitate efficiency within the organization. The better understood the interaction of workers within a group, the more likely it will be for the group to achieve its outcomes, as management will adopt strategies designed to support the group. Since patterns of behavior can impact and affect any organization, especially a healthcare organization. The provision of quality care relies upon health care providers… Continue Reading...

The Bible Zetterholm and Pauls Teachings

of modern society and cultural norms. In our day-to-day spirituality, it remains our responsibility to pursue proper moral behavior out of thankfulness to God, an emblem of gentle gratitude. Following His law to become all that He calls us to be in the fullness of our humanity requires both faith and works. We can develop deep spiritual values and still maintain our commitment to learning and secular social and intellectual development. God never intended for there to be a conflict between our spiritual lives and any other part of our existence. Paul expands and retranslates God’s covenant, just as Jesus… Continue Reading...

West Coast Transit Case Study

provide emotional support—a maintenance activity (Schermerhorn, 2014). A significant disruptive behavior that should be discouraged would be: self-serving actions that undermine team effectiveness, such as constantly highlighting one’s own issues and needs instead of recognizing other team members’ needs and issues as well. In this sense, Jing and Tanney must stop focusing on their own issues and Denson must be more proactively listening and expressing his emotional support. Motivation Issues and Theories Motivation theory is based on a number of works by scholars in the past. Maslow’s (1943) hierarchy of needs, for instance, posits that when individual’s basic needs… Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

of issue resolution for testing and challenging maladaptive cognitions’ validity and amending maladaptive behavior trends (Hofmann et al. 2012) In a nonclinical sense, how can CBT or behavior analysis help a learner succeed? Behavioral assessment facilitates a grasp of the fact that CBT’s underlying principle is: environmental elements have no part to play in an individuals’ feelings and actions. Personal thoughts governs conduct. This understanding will facilitate the use of various methods which will prove valuable in tackling behaviors unconducive to the learning process: a. Modeling and Rehearsal These practices entail enacting situations resulting in inappropriate or damaging thoughts.… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

pathways like prenatal diet, fetal metabolic programing, postnatal development, breast-feeding, infancy/toddlerhood behavior and adiposity rebound. The life-course theory’s abstract foundation stresses illness and health’s developmental origins, concentrating especially on long-run health impacts of fetal and babyhood exposures (Hu, 2008). Of late, one can witness the alarming issue of the childhood obesity pandemic. It is alarming due to the fact that it has short- as well as long- run negative impacts. Risk factor determination forms the main solution to preventing it. While scant literature on childhood obesity risk factors can be found, experts are becoming increasingly aware of the significance… Continue Reading...

How Obesity Affects Epidemiology

Egger et al. have come up with a unified obesity prevention and epidemiology -connected strategy labeled ‘obesity ecological model’ (OEM) (Egger, Swinburn & Rossner, 2003). Host elements encompass individual mindsets and opinions, conduct, and physiological modifications (Mela, 2005). From a social standpoint, modern lifestyle supports reduced everyday physical exercise, which constitutes a key obesity driver. Leisure time is largely devoted to TV-viewing and personal computer, laptop or smartphone use. The above distinct influences contribute to the decreased expenditure of energy, having overt repercussions for leftover energy. This steady physical exercise reduction, perhaps, serves as a key factor for the growing… Continue Reading...

Advertising Campaign Overview Of Dyson Products

Overview of the product, its brand category, and the niche that it is intended to fill Headquartered in the UK, technology firm, Dyson, designs and makes vacuum cleaners, heaters, hand dryers, and bladeless fans. It has recently ventured into the hairdryer product category. The company’s most popular offering is its range of ‘bag- less’ vacuum cleaners. According to its trademark, Dyson vacuum cleaners never lose suction. Established in the year 1978 by inventor James Dyson, the inspiration for this corporation came to the entrepreneur when he pulled his vacuum cleaner apart and discovered that the cleaner’s bag was dust- clogged,… Continue Reading...

Consumer Behavior and Puffed Rice

Introduction For the purpose of noting buyer behavior, I visited a neighborhood grocery store named ‘Redner’s Warehouse’, one of a chain of popular outlets in my locality. One can find a couple of these outlets on the very same highway, attached to petrol pumps. I elected to observe the behavior of buyers along two aisles in the outlet: the baking and frozen vegetable aisles. Simply staring at buyers is weird and, thus, I selected aisles where I actually had products to buy and could discreetly observe fellow buyers. My aim was noting variations in buyer… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

Shih, H. & Chiang, Y. (2015). Team diversity and team helping behavior. European Management Journal 33(1): 48-59. Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emj.2014.07.002 Annotation: One of the primary factors in organizational success and meeting organizational goals is team cohesion. This article focuses on several elements of team cohesion including helping behaviors, which are in turn connected with personality traits of individual team members. When teams are comprised of individuals with diverse backgrounds and traits, it can be challenging to ensure helping behaviors. The authors of this article hypothesized that the more diverse the team is on the level of personality traits, the less… Continue Reading...

Workplace Safety

Q1. The Gauley Bridge disaster took place in the 1920s, before appropriate health and safety requirements were imposed upon industries to protect workers. Workers were often forced to tolerate such conditions because they had no other options by which to make a living. Furthermore, a certain degree of physical risk to workers was acceptable in the eyes of employers. To some extent, this is also true in many developing world nations such as India, where the Bhopal gas tragedy took place. If there was a sudden absence of federal and state mandates in the United States, workers would still bring… Continue Reading...

Safety Awareness in Engineering

1. What are the leading causes of death in the United States? Accidents are considered to be the fourth leading cause of death after heart disease, cancer and strokes. 2. When the overall cost of an accident is calculated, what elements make up the cost? The elements making up the cost of an accident are lost wages, insurance administration, medical expenses, motor vehicle damage, fire-related losses, and indirect costs. 3. What are the five leading causes of accidental deaths in the United States? Motor vehicle, poison, falls, drowning, and fire-related accidents. 4. What are the leading causes of death in… Continue Reading...

Childhood Obesity Prevention

family context is known to significantly determine or influence the type of diet and eating behavior. There is need for the parents to insist on low-fat and prudent diet for their children. They also need to encourage an active lifestyle and avoidance of dormant leisure like long hours of watching TV or sitting by the computer on games or over the internet. At the school level, there needs to be school based programs that are aimed at preventing obesity among the children. The school environment is over and above the family setting in effectiveness of obesity prevention since 95%… Continue Reading...

Treating Adhd and Odd in Children

and permissive parenting styles, as well as more problems with behavior regulation for children” (p. 3644). What this means is that the challenge of parenting a child with ADHD or ODD can be very stressful for parents who are not effectively trained to handle the situation, which creates a negative feedback loop for the children, with the parents’ stress increasing the child’s inability to cope or function with his or her own ADHD/ODD symptoms. As Hutchison et al. (2016) state: “Authoritarian and permissive parenting styles [are] associated with poorer child executive functioning” (p. 3644). This paper will discuss the… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

PICOT Question and its Significance The PICOT question is: Does mindfulness meditation (I) reduce long-term risk factors and suicidal behaviors (O) among psychiatric patients (P) versus those who do not participate in the meditation programs (C)? This is of great significance to the nursing practice because psychiatric disorders are risk factors that cause an increase in the probability of a suicidal occurrence. As a result, it is imperative for psychiatric nurses to comprehend how to pinpoint such risk factors and institute a clinical practice setting that dissuades suicide. More importantly, nursing practice encompasses the execution of best practices for generating… Continue Reading...

Anne Mulcahy Leadership Style

made Anne Mulcahy a better CEO. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/brookmanville/2016/04/03/how-a-stint-in-dead-end-hr-made-anne-mulcahy-a-better-ceo/#6709751912ef Schermerhorn, J., & Uhl-Bien, M. (2014). Organizational behavior (13th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. Vollmer, L. (2004). Anne Mulcahy: The keys to turnaround at Xerox. Retrieved from https://www.gsb.stanford.edu/insights/anne-mulcahy-keys-turnaround-xerox Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

provide valuable sources of information. And as idiosyncratic as serial killers may be in the patterns of their behavior, keeping track of serial killers can empower law enforcement to more effectively profile their psychology. Although this is not nearly as easy as it has been portrayed in Hollywood films, given the motiveless nature of the crime, it can be extremely useful (Winerman 2004). Profiling is not a replacement for effective investigation but it can enhance it. Serial killers will likely continue to attract the public’s attention in the future. But media coverage must err on the side of being… Continue Reading...

Physician Assisted Suicide and Ethics

giver should still be viewed as philosophically, morally and ethically prohibited from engaging in any type of behavior that will result in the deliberate and willful termination of life. Opposing Reason Someone who might like to oppose this argument may counter with the objection that a person has the right to determine his or her own quality of life. A person who is terminally ill in body may be no different from one who feels terminally ill in mind or in soul. Such a person should have the right to decide to end his or her life, because it… Continue Reading...

Morals and Ethics in Nursing

theoretical beliefs and standards that are held individually or in a society, morality describes the behavior or activity of an individual or society, and laws refer to what is prohibited or what one has the right to do in society according to the government (Kristjansson, 2014; Chowdhury, 2016). Building on this framework in the modern era is the utilitarian framework which holds that a community should pursue the common good—i.e., the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. In the nursing environment, this type of conceptual framework can help nurses to better understand their roles in the health… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

women over the age of 50 exhibit some form of behavior associated with an eating disorder (Gagne, Von Holle, Brownley et al., 2012). 3.5% of college age women develop eating disorders (Diemer, Grant, Munn-Chernoff et al., 2015). Approximately 8% of women in the military have eating disorders, while nearly 1% of all women in the U.S. are anorexic at some point in their lives, according to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders (ANAD, 2018). Approximately 1.5% of women are bulimic at some stage, and almost 3% of all American adults engage in binge eating (ANAD, 2018).… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

in capital cases: The effect of jurors\', defendants\', and victims\' race in combination. Law And Human behavior, 28(5), 529-545. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/b:lahu.0000046432.41928.2b Fairchild, H., & Cowan, G. (2010). The O. J. Simpson Trial: Challenges to Science and Society. Journal Of Social Issues, 53(3), 583-591. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1997.tb02130.x Hasian, Jr., M. (2003). O.J. Simpson and the rhetoric of law. Review Of Communication, 3(1), 60-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1835859032000084205 Interviews - Gerald Uelmen | The O.j. Verdict FRONTLINE | PBS. (2018). Pbs.org. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/oj/interviews/uelmen.html Jones, J. (2018). Ethical Considerations in Criminal Justice Research: Informed Consent and Confidentiality. Inquiries Journal. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/674/ethical-considerations-in-criminal-justice-research-informed-consent-and-confidentiality Justice, Western Theories. (2018). Iep.utm.edu. Retrieved 4 February 2018,… Continue Reading...

Information Involving Curriculum Development

Introduction An educational institution’s curriculum comprises every experience encountered by a pupil under the institution’s direction. All academic systems’ curricula are designed based on societal needs. Thus, owing to society’s dynamic nature, curricula are dynamic as well; educational institutions normally alter their curricula every once in a while. In this paper, the process of math and English as a Second Language (ESL) curriculum development will be addressed, with the following curricular development stages highlighted: determining scholastic aims and goals, determining desired pupil learning experiences, organizing and testing the designed curriculum, implementing it and curriculum evaluation. Further, it will deal with… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Csr and Employee Attitudes Essay

brand identification (BI), brand pride (BP) and brand citizenship behavior (BCB)” (p. 58). The ideal self is of particular importance in this information transaction because it represents the values and characteristics that the employee wants to project. By associating him or herself with a particular brand, through brand allegiance or through the brand’s own consistency, the employee’s values are either upheld by the organization (if the brand performs consistently and wins approval from the market and from the community) or tarnished (if the brand performs inconsistently and does not win approval from consumers). The brand’s performance reflects on the… Continue Reading...

Teamwork Training Theme and Leadership

and foresight (Heal, 2008). Approaches for introduction of the topic of ethics or ethical behavior in the Teamwork Training Project 1. Use a system of awareness. Employees that observe the roles acquired from teamwork training should be rewarded and recognized so as to motivate them and encourage others to follow suit and observe the prescribed ethical code. Examine two (2) aspects of teamwork training that change a person into a transformational leader. Justify your response 1. Teamwork training enables a person to blend in a better way with other members of staff. It also helps one to identify their weaknesses… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

discipline undermines his own authority. A state that provides its citizens with no disciplinary actions or repercussions for criminal behavior is a state that undermines its own authority. Deterrence is a prerogative that may be exercised by virtue of the fact that the law must be enforced or else it has no meaning. The death penalty may be viewed as a harsh example or demonstration of that force, but its moral justification is situated in the very concept of the rule of law. Without the force of demonstration, the law has no voice and no power to convict. Without… Continue Reading...

Climate Change Evidence

both native and developed world populations. As noted by Lonnie Thompson in the peer-reviewed journal The behavior Analyst, “ice-core records of climatic and environmental variations from the polar regions and from low-latitude high-elevation ice fields” over the past thirty-five years have shown “ongoing widespread melting of high-elevation glaciers and ice caps, particularly in low to middle latitudes.” There has been glacier shrinkage in areas as diverse as the Andes, Himalayas, and Mount Kilimanjaro (Thompson). In contrast to what critics allege, this shift is an unusual one. Although sunspot activity has created changes in the climate in the past, increasing the… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

not grow up to engage in negative and/or criminal behavior that can spread the harm and cause more problems for the individual and for the community. From a criminal justice perspective, the theory that best helps to explain an early solution to this issue is stakeholder theory. As families are essentially the building blocks of community, the community itself has a stake in every family. Therefore, the community with all of its families and the individuals in its neighborhood are essentially stakeholders in each others’ well-being. Each family has an invested interest in the other family, because what happens… Continue Reading...

The Four Control System Steps

For a couple of reasons and irrespective of whether time is being understated or overstated, this behavior will not be accepted and must be corrected going forward. The reasons for this need range from the bottom line to the accurate payment of wages. Workers should be claiming precisely what was worked on a project or during a shift. A modest amount of rounding and approximation is acceptable. However, such rounding should never exceed fifteen minutes at the beginning or end of any shift. Another reason that accurate time reporting is needed and necessary is because there needs to be… Continue Reading...

Women Coming Of Age in the 50s and 60s

pointed to in the first chapter, is mind-numbingly tame compared to what passes for “normal” behavior and banter now, especially in an era of reality television like Jerry Springer and anything Kardashian. America, thought, was failing its children in more than one way. Trying to keep society (women in particular) in a cocoon was (and remains) just as dangerous as the lack of attention to math and science that led to Sputnik and Russia barreling past the United States when it came to the Space Race and the broader field of science. Lastly, one can see obvious parallels between… Continue Reading...

Super Highway 8 Descriptive

occurs with a partner, as is the case the drug and alcohol rehab center and the behavior health practice. It’s no surprise that both these entities selected this image, as both businesses orbit around the act of charting a new course and a new destiny for the individual. This can be an intimidating process full of unknowns; hence, selecting an image of a path that is surrounded by simple, natural beauty is essential. One of the most intelligent aspects of the angle that the photograph shows is that the perspective is shaped in such a way that one can’t… Continue Reading...

Social Construction Theories on Serial Killers

extended revenge drive, kill strangers whose appearance, place of residence, or behavior are representative of the class he has been excluded from. The author claims the killing is driven by the murderers’ perceptions regarding their victims’ social status. Social class theory ideally fits serial murderers as a majority of them appear to have diverse simultaneous problems (Hickey, 2013). Social Process Theory This class of theories argues that criminality represents a function of socialization, which incorporates an array of socio-psychological exchanges of the criminal with social institutions and organizations. Criminals may perpetrate crime owing to peer pressure, academic failure, family… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

a global movement, but always Muhammad remained at the center of it, serving as the “ideal model of human behavior and action.”[footnoteRef:20] His simple lifestyle, his courage in the face of aggression, his compassion and his mercy reflect the values dear to Allah. Muhammad helped usher in a nursing community to help treat the wounded Muslims who lay on the battlefields after wars. He honored the first Muslim nurse, Rufaida al-Asalmiya, who established the very first nursing school in Arabia. She had a nursing corps who treated the wounded Muslim soldiers in 624 AD, helping to dress their wounds… Continue Reading...

Walmart Human Resource Practices and Change

(Lombardo, J. (2017). The following 4 key element of Wal-Mart’s corporate culture drive personnel behavior: 1. Customer Service 2. Acting with Integrity 3. Respect for Individuals and 4. Striving to achieve excellence (Lombardo, J. (2017) The Adaptive subsystem This may be demonstrated via needs assessment. Various kinds of needs assessments in relation to personnel training exist. Their applicability is dependent on a company’s HR management goals. The following are applicable in case of Wal-Mart: 1. Benefit-cost analysis 2. Work/task analysis 3. Organizational analysis Benefit-cost analysis facilitates optimization of HR management and training expenses through the identification of the training technique… Continue Reading...

Utilitarianism and Environmentalism in Ethics

Introduction Is utilitarianism an effective approach to environmental ethics? Behaviors that demonstrate personal and collective responsibility to the environment can lead to tangible short-term and long-term objectives that benefit a large number of people. Reducing pollution, limiting deforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting sensitive ecosystems, and mitigating climate change bring about the greatest good for the greatest number, what John Stuart Mill (2017) refers to as summum bonum, the fundamental principle of utilitarianism (p. 1). Therefore, most environmentally conscious policies, business practices, and personal behaviors can be viewed in utilitarian terms. Explanation of Theory Utilitarianism is a consequentialist ethical theory, which… Continue Reading...

Personal Leadership Development Plan

leadership theory to promote healthcare-eldercare advocacy in my organizational behavior. As Shanks and Buchbinder (2012) show, “leadership development includes both formal and informal efforts” (p. 279). Completing courses online or at a university are formal ways to develop one’s leadership skills, while informal efforts can include anything from mentoring others to coaching and guiding staff members in new tasks or cross-discipline work. No matter the method employed, a personal leadership development plan should utilize a strategy for maximizing leadership effectiveness by implementing an appropriate theoretical support for the plan, recognizing one’s leadership strengths, correcting one’s leadership weaknesses, and identifying… Continue Reading...

Organizational Behavior

one another when things became overwhelming. This paper will describe the organizational behavior of this department and show how factors like theory, emotional intelligence, and the relationship between employee and organizational behavior (as represented by management) were manifested. Employee behavior and Organizational behavior As Schyns and Schilling (2013) note, bad leaders and managers are individuals who do not take an interest in their employees or who do not engage with them on civil or sympathetic terms. They lack empathy, integrity or interest in their work. They bring negative stimuli to the workplace instead of positive stimuli. The effect of… Continue Reading...

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics and Virtue Ethics

Unlike either deontological or utilitarian ethics, virtue ethics focuses on character. Because virtue ethics are not consequentialist, overall virtue ethical frameworks are more akin to deontological analysis of moral right and wrong. One’s intentions are as important as one’s actions; the consequences of one’s actions are important but not as much as remaining honest, compassionate, and willing to learn. At the same time, Aristotle and other proponents of virtue ethics believed that it is most important to be a good person, and to live a good life, than it is to ascribe to some external moral code. Two virtues that… Continue Reading...

Slavery the Genocide Of Native Americans and Crime

Americans depended on buffalo for their economic wellbeing, this type of behavior increased tensions. The Dawes Act and other blatantly racist legislative acts by the federal government disempowered Native Americans, who lacked the power to undermine the increasingly wealthy and militaristic United States. Continue Reading...

Consumer Behavior Advertising and Cultural Appeal

distinctive attributes of the product. This group influence will influence behavior amongst target consumers by instigating a looked-for lifestyle in their mindsets and at the same time impact their buying patterns and decisions. Taking into considerations that consumers often desire to be akin to the persons they respect and admire, chances are they will copy them, listen to their thoughts and ideas, relate with them and purchase the products they endorse. This is pivotal for the reason that consumers will have the feeling that those who purchase the new line of products are possession of characteristics and individualities that… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

organization are formal elements of the culture. Informal elements are unspoken, including norms of behavior and the jargon used between officers. For example, informal cultural norms are what have a direct bearing on “how to go about their tasks, how hard to work, what kinds of relationships to have with their fellow officers and other categories of people with whom they interact, and how they should feel about police administrators,” (“The Police Culture,” p. 98). Both formal and informal culture impacts productivity, identity, and performance. Language and Behaviors One of the defining features of a culture is language. In… Continue Reading...

Thematic Integration Of Faith, Learning and Business

profitable in the short-term, even if the short-term is ten years, for example, such behavior is never something that is sustainable. As the Bible states, “for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap” (Galatians 6:7, New King James). Such a quote demonstrates how kindness, humility and faith in a higher power can beget more of the same, and how greed, corruption, and evil can create its own demise. A current example of such a phenomenon is shown quite simply with the Weinstein Company: two decades of corruption… Continue Reading...

Organizational Diagnostic Models Jakks Pacific

infrastructure. This has largely limited the company’s sales at a time when buyer behavior continues to undergo adaptations towards the online channel. Recommendation: Appropriate Model The issues highlighted in this case relate to both the internal and external environment of JAKKS Pacific. In that regard, therefore, the 7S Framework, which largely limits itself to the internal environment of an organization, is not likely to be appropriate. Also, although easy to use, I am of the opinion that Weisbord’s Six-Box Model does not have the necessary theoretical framework on which to base the presence and extent of performance gaps. Further,… Continue Reading...

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

about three times per week, are the most obvious behavior externalizations of DMDD, but to be diagnosed with the disorder, the child must also exhibit poor mood or irritability in between outbursts, too (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018). To differentiate DMDD from pediatric bipolar disorder, it is also essential that the child does not exhibit sustained mood elevation or nonepisodic mania (Beweka, Mayes, Hameed, et al, 2016). Moreover, the symptoms of DMDD persist in spite of changes to the child’s environment, evident at home and also in school. Symptoms must also not be temporary, but in place for… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Leadership Diversity in the Workplace

promote a harmonious and inclusive work environment. Cultural Quirks Cultural differences permeate almost every area of human behavior and even cognition. There are bound to be culturally specific quirks that differentiate people in the office. Many cultural quirks are likely to be perceived positively and with a sense of humor, but some might cause conflict. It is important to understand what cultural quirks might arise that could restrain the foreign manager from expressing his or her ideas readily. Some of those quirks are likely to be related to gender norms and roles, whereas others are more related to communication style or… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

and superstition: the same grounds that had motivated Okonkwo’s behavior before. If religion and superstition are used to justify unethical behavior, then replacing one doctrine with another will not result in meaningful change. Things will continue to fall apart until moral codes are divorced from a rigid and irrational framework. The community does not necessarily search its soul for the root cause of Okonkwo’s behavior, which might cause meaningful change in the traits people value in their leaders. The leadership style Okonkwo represents is authoritarian and militaristic, derived from what he believes represents the masculine ideal. Okonkwo’s idea of… Continue Reading...

Competencies Scope Of Practice and Standards Of Practice for Nurse Administrators

expert in their knowledge of business principles; · They possess a solid knowledge of organizational behavior and resource management; and, · They possess superior “people skills” (para. 3). Section 4. Individual Assessment On the one hand, identifying personal strengths is a rewarding and gratifying process since it can serve to reinforce individual self-esteem and the sense of self-efficacy. In this regard, a soul-searching assessment of my two personal strengths identified (a) an unwavering commitment to high quality health care services and (b) a strong desire for career advancement to higher levels of nursing leadership where I can apply my knowledge,… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Business Ethics

to resolving problems and engendering trust. Caring guides morally responsible behavior at every level of internal and external operations, including human resources policies and practices but also protocols for resolving conflict in the external environment. Moreover, an ethic of care directly enhances a firm’s capacity to be more environmentally sustainable in its practices and also more in tune with the call for social justice. Caring about employees reduces turnover, increases motivation, and ensures the long-term success of effective teams (Leonard, 2018). Caring about customers or clients is obviously one of the best strategies for ensuring brand loyalty, preserving the reputation… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

Professional Presence Different Models of Health and Healing Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view… Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

Professional Presence Different Models of Health and Healing Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view… Continue Reading...

Theology Of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish

1). Governance and management stem from rational, evidence-based practices that can even be drawn from secular examples of organizational behavior, organizational structure, and organizational culture. Communion ecclesiology demands greater accountability on the part of church leaders, certainly a good thing, but which would in itself be viewed as a personal challenge. Other than that, there are no real fears that authoritarian attitudes could usurp the divine power of communion. The fear that communion ecclesiology could be too idealistic is also abstract and unfounded. After all, the church as always been an idealistic organization. It is a mysterious organization, one… Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

abuse, rape, and racial or sexual discrimination so that behavior until recently thought quite normal, unremarkable, even benign, is now identified as blameworthy or even criminal,” (p. 5). It seems the author would prefer to return to the good old days when rape or child molestations was a man’s right. In spite of these logical problems, Bork (1996) does offer a few sound arguments, such as the need to move away from “radical individualism,” (p. 5). The author also correctly points out, “both the fear of crime and the escalating harshness of the response to it will sharply reduce… Continue Reading...

Jakks Pacific Nadler Trushman Congruence Model

JAKKS Pacific’s Strategy JAKKS has largely been seeking to expand and further consolidate its position in the market via strategic acquisitions and offering of numerous classes of products that appeal to a wide client base. As a matter of fact, from the company’s internal analysis, one of its key strengths is the production and marketing of a wide array of products. This the company accomplishes via the numerous licensing agreements it has in place with well-known toy character trademarks. In essence, JAKKS Pacific “designs, produces, markets and distributes toys and related products, pet toys, consumables and related products, electronics and… Continue Reading...

Vodafone Analysis

coordinated set of commitments and actions that are based upon the company’s core competencies and guides corporate behavior toward achieving performance goals. It also fits in with the existing external environmental conditions, which have enabled Vodafone to grow substantially over the years. Vodafone’s strategy has been, in some ways, based on the concept of growth at all costs—though, as its sale of its business in Japan and its failed takeover of the market in the U.S. both show, there is a limit to which Vodafone will exert itself in order to achieve growth. If growth is viewed as too… Continue Reading...

Action Plan Assessment and Communication Strategy

with the in-class advocate, those pupils who have substantial educational and behavior issues ought to be designated an in-class advocate. Additionally, it is significantly critical that the in-class advocate is properly trained and has enough time and dedication to successfully help the learner. On the educator\'s part, it really is well worth mentioning that their anticipations and ideas of pupils, affect educational accomplishment gap. Endeavors associated with motivating engagement in more strenuous programs work well along with an acknowledgement of the necessity to reexamine the unique training referral programs that are provided as strategies (White, 2009). Mentoring programs could… Continue Reading...

My Papa’s Waltz Poem Analysis

the speaker seems to have internalized guilt and complicity in his father’s behavior by suggesting that it takes two people to waltz. His “clinging”(line 12) and having “hung on like death” (line 3) add another dimension of pathos to an already heart-wrenching story. The reader will protest the child having any responsibility for the father’s behavior, adding to the dramatic tension in the poem. Music and dance symbolism also add a potent degree of irony to the poem, as a waltz is typically associated with fine art and not with domestic violence. The subtle cues in the poem related… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

had no guidance in his life, who had suffered a childhood trauma, and whose behavior should have been a red flag for authorities. In this case, there was inadequate intervention in the child’s life and the result was that he did not receive the help he needed in time before disaster struck. From the guardians in his life to the FBI—an overall lack of involvement and help was missing throughout the child’s life and his mental disturbance took a deadly turn when his emotional stability crumbled. Preventing school shootings is not something that is going to happen just because… Continue Reading...

I Am Alive Documentary

deviant in one culture may not be considered deviant in another. Although deviance is typically framed as maladaptive behavior that either leads to or is categorized as criminal, deviance can also be constructive, productive, and “positive,” (Hughes & Coakley, 1991, p. 307). In fact, athletes engage in what is known as “positive deviance,” in that their behaviors constitute a cohesive “sport ethic” that includes taking risks, pushing past personal limits, and making sacrifices for the greater good of the game (Hughes & Coakley, 1991, p. 307). The 2010 documentary I Am Alive is about the Uruguayan rugby team’s remarkable… Continue Reading...

Schizophrenia

Psychological Disorders and Their Treatment Schizophrenia is a chronic brain or psychological disorder that causes the sufferer to experience hallucinations, have paranoid delusions, engage in confused speech, have trouble thinking clearly, and lose the ability to function in a normal manner. According to the DSM-V (2013), the diagnosis criteria for schizophrenia states that these symptoms must last at least in duration for 6 months and there should be at least one month in which the symptoms are active and are negatively affecting the person’s life—i.e., the individual’s ability to work or socialize. While the WHO (2017) notes that there are… Continue Reading...

Sepsis

the obstacles to full implementation of such guidelines are knowledge, attitude and behavior (Wang et al., 2012). This is important; as such a study demonstrates not only what works, but also what challenges are in the way of moving forward with this kind of progress. Robson and Daniels discuss the necessity of concrete and clear knowledge of sepsis guidelines in the study, “The Sepsis Six: helping patients to survive sepsis.” This study highlights how sepsis is not just a deadly condition, it’s an expensive one: in Europe the cost of sepsis figures around 7.6 billion euros per year, and… Continue Reading...

Fast Food Restaurant Security

unobtrusive security profile. Their structures and access points need to remain accessible while still preventing malicious behavior. This security survey of a fast food restaurant provides an example of how to perform a total security audit, identify weaknesses and risks particularly with regards to customer and employee safety, and offer suggestions for improvement. Property and Perimeter The outermost boundaries of the fast food restaurant are the limits of the company’s locus of control. There is a lot the fast food restaurant can do to improve its perimeter security, without deterring customers. In fact, making upgrades to the perimeter security… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Senior Manager in Eldercare

senior manager of the eldercare organization does need to understand the fundamental principles of organizational culture and behavior in order to interface well with the human resources department. Human resources managers will implement policies and programs that are passed down and supported by senior leadership, which is why an executive needs to provide visionary guidance that aligns human resources policies with the values of the organization. Issues related to finances, budgeting, fee scheduling, and reimbursement will require strong leadership too. Dunn (2010) points out the challenges that managed care present to the eldercare facility, noting that reimbursement declines have… Continue Reading...

Ancient Roman Civilization and the Gladiator Games

been “compelled to engage in gladiatorial combats, not only for crimes they had committed but because of the unjust behavior of their owners. Two hundred of them planned to make an escape, but information concerning their plan was betrayed”[footnoteRef:12]—and as a result, only 70 of them put up a resistance and escaped. [12: Plutarch, “The Spartacus Slave War”, 131.] The brutality of the games thus served as a motive for the slave revolt and the ensuing war that then broke out. Spartacus, for instance, was no low-minded criminal, but rather a highly-intelligent and brave man with Greek heritage. Spartacus… Continue Reading...

Colonial Conflict in Africa

cultivate a Western ethic in the African and on the other to curtail aggressive or perceived hostile behavior was evidence of the colonial authorities’ attempts to superimpose a foreign sense of self on the African people, through the force of colonial law if necessary. The colonialists recognized, nonetheless, that leisure was a way to cultivate attitudes and ethics within the African people—and for that reason film as well as sport were of immense interest to the British as they sought to develop the African people into subjects they felt would be more amenable to the colonial rule of law.… Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Education and Theory Bible

Theoretical bases for conflict resolution include both macro-level and micro-level frameworks that guide understanding of human behavior and decision-making (Cunningham, 1998). Many theories of conflict resolution at some point refer to human needs theory, which helps clarify sources of conflict as being traceable to unmet needs. Conflict arises when fundamental needs are not being met, and resolutions are more likely to arise when parties recognize what their needs are as well as those of their opponents. Conflict resolution theories based on needs theory focus on how multiple parties with differential needs can reach peaceable and mutually beneficial solutions (Burton,… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Leadership and Innovation

& Seyyedi, M. H. (2011). Transformational leadership style and innovative behavior on innovative climate at SMEs in Iran\'. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 1(4), 119-127. Denker, A. G. (2014). Transformational leadership in nursing: A pilot nurse leader development program. Bellarmine University. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.bellarmine.edu/tdc/6/ Fischer, S. A. (2016). Transformational leadership in nursing: a concept analysis. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(11), 2644-2653. Kelly, T. (2005). The ten faces of innovation. New York: Currency Doubleday. Maxwell, J (1999). The 21 indispensable qualities of a leader: Becoming the person others will want to follow. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

workplace conflict management systems that discourage and/or punish undesired practices or behaviors and reward good behavior that prevents interpersonal conflict in the workplace. Conflict management training for an organization’s staff and management helps to reduce and handle workplace conflicts (Mikkelsen, 2012). Training helps to adequately prepare the management and staff to address the causes, lessen the impact, and deal with conflict. Leon-Perez, Notelaers & Leon-Rubio (2015) contend that conflict management training has been found helpful in developing the competencies of staff and management in dealing with interpersonal issues that emerge in the workplace. According to Frost (2018), training is… Continue Reading...

Girl Power Feminism

young women to prance about on stage like strippers by telling them that this type of behavior is empowering. What it empowers them to do is not clear. What is clear is that the money that they get for doing it certainly empowers them to have a nice life, and the attention and fame that the media gives them reinforced the idea that they are in some way doing something that is “good” for women—liberation, aggression, freedom, whatever handle they want to attach to it. What they don’t say is that this liberation is just a fad, too. The… Continue Reading...

Students Diet and Health

The Effect of Three Elements on Students: Diet, Smoking, and Oral Hygiene Smoking among students in secondary and intermediate schools is prevalent, and this prevalence is expected to have a negative impact on the health of teeth and oral hygiene (Bassiony, 2009). Students are also engaging in poor dietary health (Al-Rethaiaa, Fahmy & Al-Shwaiyat, 2010) which results in the increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes (Wilmot & Idris, 2014; Cunningham-Myrie, Theall, Yonger et al., 2015). As Davis (2012) has shown, addressing dietary issues and getting people to eat a healthier, more organic diet that is low in fats… Continue Reading...

Tesla Mission Statement

sign of a company that truly cares about sustainability. But of course, this kind of behavior is exactly in line with what RILA (2017) states is the job of a sustainable corporation: “the leading companies go one step further by engaging consumers and other stakeholders in the company’s journey, and help consumers to understand the full impact of their product purchases” (p. 53). Sustainability is not just an ideal—it is the mission of the company, and thus the mission statement is deeply interconnected to the sustainability aims of the company—just as it is for Patagonia and for Tesla. Tesla… Continue Reading...

Technology and Workplace Changes

degree. According to Ariely (2010), the phrase is particularly common to use when discussing CEO behavior, which has, in the past been excessively focused upon measuring profit and shareholder value, versus employee and customer satisfaction, innovation, and other business quality indicators which may be more relevant in the long term. Q3. What are the impacts of information technology? Information technology has changed the ways in which businesses relate to customers, enabling them to connect via social media portals like Facebook and Twitter and directly engage with customers on an individual basis. It has also changed the ways in which… Continue Reading...

How Pictures Shape the Story in Syria

The Role of a Photojournalist in Shaping the Syrian Narrative Summary This paper discusses the role of the photojournalist in shaping the Syrian narrative. The images that photojournalists create are used by a variety of media outlets, both mainstream like CNN and alternative like social media uploaders, to develop a narrative that promotes a perspective on events and advocates for a reaction from the public—either support for intervention or condemnation of the use of force by governments that are not directly involved in the conflict. The paper examines the gassing incident at Khan Shaykhun in Syria to see how photojournalism… Continue Reading...

National Anthem Protest Essay

Kaepernick controversy seems to be a very serious question about what types of behaviors constitute patriotic behavior and when patriotism turns into nationalism.  An essay could explore those topics and whether nationalism is actually dangerous to a county. Outline I.  Introduction II.  Body A.  What Kaepernick is protesting B.  Actions by NFL players that have not resulted in boycotts C.  The decision to take a knee. III.  Conclusion Introduction A bi-racial man who felt disconnected from his ethnic roots, a young Colin Kaepernick sought membership in Kappa Alpha Psi, a predominantly black fraternity, his senior year in college (Branch… Continue Reading...

Nature Vs Nurture Essay

an English polymath, humans have wondered what determined a person’s behavior and actions. While many believe a human’s behavior and personality are formed via a mixture of both nature and nurture, some have taken the side of ‘nature’, while others take on the side of ‘nurture’. Those that feel the nature side shapes people, contend that genotype and DNA determine personalities and traits. Those on the nurture side contend that humanity is born with a ‘blank slate’. Interactions and learning experiences thus shape a person’s understanding of life, allowing a person to acquire various attributes. Essay Hook: The age-old… Continue Reading...

Russian Meddling in U.s. Election Essay

to help influence the election, some of its members may have engaged in behavior that falls under the heading of treason. The Trump Administration has been quick to couch the investigation into Russian interference in the campaign as some type of witch hunt.  However, it is critical to realize that the investigation began long before a Trump victory.  “About a month before the U.S. election, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and the Department of Homeland Security issued an unusual public statement” indicating that it was confident that the Russian intelligence community had compromised U.S. political organizations… Continue Reading...

Bullying Essay

negative impact on both the bully and the person bullied. What is Bullying Bullying is defined as hurtful, mean behavior happening continually in any relationship that has an imbalance of strength or power (Zins, Elias, Maher, & Wiggins, 2007). It can take on several forms. These forms may often seem similar. It is important to distinguish each one and understand how they impact a person on the receiving end of the bullying. Bullying can consist of direct or indirect bullying. “Direct bullying refers to face-to-face physical or verbal confrontations, while indirect bullying is usually described as less visible harm-doing, such as… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Essay

these same highly influential members of the scientific community, have engaged in “unethical behavior and outright fraud, as well as wild exaggeration” (Jasper, 2014, p. 19). The effect of these revelations has been to call into question the entire body of scientific evidence that implicates anthropogenic activities as the main cause of global warming and the motives of those who support these views, including most especially politicians, organizational policymakers and others who stand to benefit from legislation to mitigate anthropogenic causes (Jasper, 2014). Indeed, following the revelations brought out by the BBC in climategate, a Pew poll in October… Continue Reading...

Social Media Essay

for sociologists, politicians, and law enforcement. They can use social media to track constituent behavior and trends that may direct one to understand what is popular and relevant in society. Police and FBI can track potential threats on social media as well and gain access to where they live due to identifiable information on their social media profiles. Sociologists can gain the knowledge of how people work and act in the current age by examining posts and images popular in these social media sites/apps. Different social media platforms have different strengths and weaknesses, based on their security or privacy… Continue Reading...

Sexual Misconduct and the Fall Of Hollywood Essay

Powerless Can a Good Guy be a Sexual Predator: Reconciling Harvey Weinstein’s Public Role with His Private behavior? Hollywood’s Sexual Harassment Scandal Highlights How Power Plays a Critical Role in Sexual Harassment Related Topics The Sexual Assault Allegations Against President Trump- The current President of the United States, Donald Trump, has had a number of sexual assault allegations levied against him.  These allegations began long before he ran for President, and, among his accusers if his first wife Ivana Trump, who wrote about a rape in her memoir, but refused to call it a rape during Trump’s campaign for… Continue Reading...

Dark Net Essay

In this dark net essay, we will investigate the dark net.  We will describe what it is, what it is not, and how to access in it.  The essay will contain information about how the dark web became a way to engage in criminal activity, including: buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  The essay will delve into some of the history of the dark net, including the founding of Silk Road, and… Continue Reading...

Bitcoin Essay

and services. The value of a bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency lies mainly in user behavior. As such, bitcoin has transformed the ways people can conduct their financial transactions and place value on the goods and services they trade. Thesis Statement Bitcoin has become an attractive investment because it allows people to bypass government regulations, but the future of cryptocurrencies is uncertain. Body What Is Bitcoin? The creator of bitcoin remains anonymous but uses the alias Satoshi Nakamoto (“What is Bitcoin?” n.d.). Nakamoto created bitcoin in part to resolve the challenge of creating a digital currency that was totally… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Delinquency Essay

conducted on child development have now helped narrow down the overall factors that can influence behavior in this manner, such as the individual, social and community conditions (NRCIM, 2001). “There is general agreement that behavior, including antisocial and delinquent behavior, is the result of a complex interplay of individual biological and genetic factors and environmental factors, starting during fetal development and continuing throughout life” (NRCIM, 2001). Hence, given the nature versus nurture debate, experts now know that while genes have an indelible impact on the biological development of the young person, the environmental input ensures that the biological development… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

conflicted culture identity will typically lead on to reassess one’s main values or align one’s behavior according to these values.  If alignment is not achieved, the situation will worsen.  In such cases, the contradiction will become more apparent over time and will inevitably lead to a crisis—at which point the organization will either have to address its culture issues or collapse under the weight of its own internal conflict. Culture Diversity In any one group, organization or society there may be many different people of various backgrounds and cultures working together under one roof or in one community.  While… Continue Reading...

Robert Mueller Investigation Essay

prostitutes, which could allow the Kremlin to influence Trump’s behavior.  This essay would not only discuss Christopher Steele’s history as an agent and the alleged contents of the dossier, but also whether those contents would actually give the Kremlin leverage over Trump. Election Influencing and the Internet-  The allegations that Russia influenced the 2016 presidential election are multi-faceted.  In addition to claims of possible tampering with election machines and votes, the claims include Russia’s role in using social media to influence the outcome of the election.  An essay on this topic would discuss how social media has been used… Continue Reading...

Net Neutrality Essay

In this essay about net neutrality, we provide an overview of what net neutrality is and why it is a current political issue.  The essay will define net neutrality.  Furthermore, it will describe the pros and cons of net neutrality, including reasons that net neutrality is beneficial and ways that it could be detrimental. The essay will discuss the current legal status of net neutrality, as well as the potential future of net neutrality.  In doing so, the essay will discuss some figures, including head of the Federal Communications Commission, Ajit Pai.   In addition to giving you an overview of… Continue Reading...

Bartleby the Scrivener Analysis Essay

of forms—it can be the throes of hysteria or the quiet mental breakdown and rigidity of the behavior of someone like Bartleby. While the narrator made some efforts to help him, little went past his comfort zones. This short story can be viewed as the wasted potential of a talented lawyer, and the limitations of those who are capable and have means. Characters The Narrator The main character is the narrator: he is a nameless fellow who claims to be elderly and to have enjoyed a 30-year career in the legal profession. He plainly states that he has always… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

freedom will eventually come.” King describes his wisdom about human behavior and human existence, as he has seen it and has he has studied it. This statement shows how oppression is not the answer as it will always be a temporary answer selected by an imbalanced society. “I guess I should have realized that few members of a race that has oppressed another race can understand or appreciate the deep groans and passionate yearnings of those that have been oppressed, and still fewer have the vision to see that injustice must be rooted out by strong, persistent, and determined action.”… Continue Reading...

King David

of guilt that he feels in his side never leaves him. David’s “ behavior was unacceptable,” after all, and he remained in disgrace, as McCarter points out.[footnoteRef:14] His family also becomes dysfunctional, which serves as a representation of David’s own moral collapse and his spiritual and inner dysfunction. The life he harbors inside his heart is manifested outwardly within his own family, which becomes increasingly perverse, murderous and even incestuous. [14: Kyle P. McCarter, 2 Samuel: A New Translation with Introduction, Notes, and Commentary, 304.] For example, David’s son, Amnon, rapes his sister, Tamar—and some scholars even suggest that David… Continue Reading...

King David

dies and the sword of guilt that he feels in his side never leaves him. David’s “ behavior was unacceptable,” after all, and he remained in disgrace, as McCarter points out.[footnoteRef:14] His family also becomes dysfunctional, which serves as a representation of David’s own moral collapse and his spiritual and inner dysfunction. The life he harbors inside his heart is manifested outwardly within his own family, which becomes increasingly perverse, murderous and even incestuous. [14: Kyle P. McCarter, 2 Samuel: A New Translation with Introduction, Notes, and Commentary, 304.] For example, David’s son, Amnon, rapes his sister, Tamar—and some scholars… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Nursing Rates Of Care Community

resources, though, obesity is a disease in which patients ultimately need to take action and manage their behavior and lifestyle. Access to Care Options Access to care options has been a factor influencing disease etiology and progression. For example, urban design and accessibility to avenues for exercise can be considered a health access issue (Sturm & An, 2014). Patients living in rural communities may also have less access to quality medical care interventions, particularly at the preventative stage. Access to care is also linked with financial variables. Financial strain impedes the ability of patients to seek medical treatment, pay… Continue Reading...

Obesity Childhood Prenatal Conclusion

Conclusion Obesity has become a global epidemic, “a complex condition, one with serious social and psychological dimensions, that affects virtually all age and socioeconomic groups and threatens to overwhelm both developed and developing countries,” (WHO, 2018). Because many, if not most, cases of obesity can be prevented and the resulting health problems mitigated, it is important to raise awareness and have a comprehensive public health intervention plan. This research contributes to the growing body of evidence on the importance of public health interventions and especially for preventative care. Health literacy and other preventative methods can be applied in culturally appropriate… Continue Reading...

Sexism in Advertising Media

even from a feminist standpoint. Only from the perspective of post-feminism does this type of behavior because laudatory and only then because the moral justification for it is based solely on the notion that whatever the woman wants is good, because her will is what matters most. If she wills herself to be a tool for advertising, that is her right and she should feel empowered to do so: such is the essence of post-feminism. Post-feminism is embraced in today’s culture because the culture itself has changed. Sexual liberation has not led to the type of empowerment predicted by… Continue Reading...

Black Lives Matter

the desired change (Rankin). While the perception may be wrong and BLM may not in fact advocate violence, the behavior and expressions of the group, whether on social media or in public demonstrations, is a far cry from the resistance movements of the Civil Rights Era where leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr. called for non-violent protest and civil disobedience rather than raucous noise-making, interruptive demonstrations, and loud and aggressive opposition. One of the main differences between the BLM movement and the Civil Rights Movement is that the latter was actively engaged in a unified effort in specific parts… Continue Reading...

Effective Communication Letter Of Advice

Introduction Relationships are all about communication: something you have probably heard before. But did you know that social science research backs up this claim, and can also provide you with the practical tools you need to minimize conflict and maximize harmony in your relationship? For example, research shows which barriers to communication might arise, why, and how you can overcome them. Research also shows that your self-concept and self-image have a strong bearing on how you comport yourself in your intimate relationships. Using appropriate levels of self-disclosure and emotional intelligence, you can improve your self-esteem and improve your relationship with… Continue Reading...

Information Technology in Healthcare Administration

be different. There will be impacts on our cash flow cycle, on payer behavior, on health outcomes, and on staffing needs. Roles that do not exist today will be critical tomorrow, and roles that are critical today could be marginalized tomorrow. Building labor flexibility today. Because we do not really know what form AI will take in health care – individual decisions about technology adoption are down the road – we can only go so far down the road for planning. But we should have a program of reviewing the latest developments in a formal manner, so that we… Continue Reading...

The Great Gatsby Essay

was another bad driver; rather, it’s that he refused to play along when he saw her self-absorbed, complicit behavior. This metaphor shows the bad driver thinks that everything is just going to work out fine regardless—which is incorrect. Nick was someone who decided he would not continue to put up with her “bad driving.” The Eyes of T.J. Eckleburg When Nick describes his commute to the city from West Egg, he has to go through what he describes as a “Valley of Ashes” where a billboard with the eyes of T.J. Eckleburg is prominent: “The eyes of Doctor T.… Continue Reading...

European Muslims in Germany in the Postwar Period

were positioned to benefit, Germany had a very unrealistic view of human behavior or of the need for integration as a whole. German companies primarily went after laborers who had some skills or no skills, which worked on assembly lines and who often had very low literacy skills. These low literacy skills didn’t concern Germans at the time, and this is an example of more problematic thinking: Germans felt that the Islamic immigrants could just live in isolation to the rest of German society, living in dormitories near factories. The fact that they couldn’t communicate well with the rest… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Management for Eldercare Advocacy Organization

Planned change in the eldercare advocacy organization In the coming years, many countries will experience a dramatic shift in healthcare infrastructure due to an expanding elderly population size. However, the changes may vary across countries depending on many factors such as the kind of social welfare available in each country, the political environment which determine policies, the level of healthcare available and individual expectations in each country. Due to this wide variance, the innovations within this space will also vary greatly. What this means to the healthcare manager is that managing innovations becomes very hard (Shlutz, Andre & Sjovold, 2015… Continue Reading...

The Virginia Tech Shooting

As he grew, he exhibited more and more disturbing patterns of behavior and held animosity towards his parents’ Christian religious beliefs, though he also railed against the “moral degeneracy on campus” in a note written just before his rampage (Harnden, 2007). Indicators of Conflict, Aggression, and Mental Instability There were several indicators of conflict, aggression and mental instability in Cho’s life, beginning with his anxiety disorders, mutism and depression in middle school and lasting well into his 20s before his rampage and suicide. He wrote angry, violent-filled stories at school but was unsocial and uncommunicative with peers (Harnden, 2007).… Continue Reading...

Dark Web, Darknet, Deep Web Essay

In this dark net essay, we will investigate the dark net.  We will describe what it is, what it is not, and how to access in it.  The essay will contain information about how the dark web became a way to engage in criminal activity, including: buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  The essay will delve into some of the history of the dark net, including the founding of Silk Road, and… Continue Reading...

Leadership in Global and Multicultural Organizations Essay

recommendations for improvement. Summary of : Reading Assignments: • Greenberg, J. (2013). Managing behavior in organizations: Chapters 5, 6, and 7 • Spears, L. (1995). Reflections on leadership: Chapters 1, 2, 3 • Rath, C. and Conchie, B. (2008). Strengths based leadership. Pp. 31-46 Essay The article dwells on the aspect of leadership and the contemporary globalized environment where the employees of all organizations are mixed in terms of age, experience, cultures and race. The three authors, all of whom are professors in different universities concentrate on discussing how organizations have become multicultural in nature and how the leadership must change to… Continue Reading...

Leadership Problems and Proposed Recommendations Essay

of team selection. Recommendation There is need to understand employee personality and behavior in order to know the different parts that can be played by the various employees. The process of promotion needs to take into consideration several aspects and not only the technical performance of an individual. As the team head, Joe also needs to develop a listening ear and interactive personality that accommodates views of different people he handles on a daily basis. The Judy Smith case study This case study primarily talks about a supervisor who causes discontent among employee to the extent that it compromises their… Continue Reading...

Team Building Through Servant Leadership Philosophy Essay

(2015). “Servant Leadership and Team Performance: The Mediating Role of Knowledge-Sharing Climate.” Social behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 43(10), 1749-1760. Song, Park, and Kang (2015) delved into understanding the effectiveness of the role of mediation inherent in a knowledge-sharing climate within the team performance and servant leadership framework. The research was aimed at investigating servant leadership under the context of knowledge-sharing climate. 67 teams were analyzed in the cosmetic industry of South Korea, specifically the direct sales teams. The authors used regression analysis as well as bootstrapping while testing the hypothesis of the study. Since servant leadership can… Continue Reading...

Autism in the United States and Canada Essay

Essay Prompt Research a specific disability: Autism -- trace the effect of policy, practices/services, and perspectives related to that disability over time in the United States and in another country. Compare and contrast now and then in the United States with regard to the disability in terms of policy, practices, and perspectives and draw comparisons and contrasts to the other country at similar times in history. Complete the graphic organizer with your research notes and sources. Autism in the United States Policies in the United States changed towards granting more grants to autism research to understand what may cause autism… Continue Reading...

Do Black Lives Really Matter Essay

Analyzing Police behavior in Retrospect There are numerous examples of the need to effectively police, or perhaps monitor diligently, the activities and actions of the police. Perhaps the most eminent example of this emerging trend is evinced in the so-called Black Lives Matter movement, which is predicated on issuing social justice to African Americans who are routinely abused and even wantonly murdered by police officers allegedly doing their duties. In numerous instances, unarmed African American men were murdered by police. In fact, the names Michael Brown,… Continue Reading...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

depression (P < .001) and worse mental health-related functioning (P < .001) than other symptom clusters, while the externalizing behavior symptom cluster was more strongly related to hostility (P < .001)”       (Tsai et al., 2015, p. 546). Betty does not appear to display emotional numbing. She feels guilty, she is worried. Therefore, she most likely is not depressed yet. Now that the diagnosis is PTSD, assessment of her issues and her subsequent needs will be able to allow for a suitable recommendation for treatment for Betty. The two main issues Betty is dealing with are her husband’s surgery and… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs. Practice in Small Business Setting Essay

Devoted To The Study Of The Nervous  System And behavior, 71, pp. 49-57, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 May 2017. Bos-Brouwers, HJ 2010, 'Corporate Sustainability and Innovation in SMEs: Evidence of Themes and Activities in Practice', Business Strategy & The Environment (John Wiley & Sons,  Inc), 19, 7, pp. 417-435, GreenFILE, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 May 2017. Brady, K, & Lowell, W 2014, 'Theory vs. Practice: A Study of Business Consultants and Their Utilization of Corporate Culture in Daily Practice', Journal Of Practical Consulting, 5, 1, 1-22, Business Source Premier, EBSCOhost, viewed 3 May 2017. Brook, C, & Milner, C 2014, 'Reflections on… Continue Reading...

It's Learning Cloud Based Learning Management System Essay

PR Newswire, viewed 4 April 2017, <http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/itslearning-acquires-fronter--becomes-europes-largest-provider-of-digital-learning-platforms-544750922.html> Samli, AC 2013, Developing a Competitive Advantage, In International consumer behavior in the 21st Century, chap. 2, pp.11-17, Springer: New York. Suttle, R n.d., Growth Strategies in Business, Small Business Chron, viewed 4 April 2017, <http://smallbusiness.chron.com/growth-strategies-business-4510.html> Thompson, AA, Strickland, AJ & Gamble, JE 2011, Crafting and executing strategy: the quest for competitive advantage: concepts and cases, 17th ed., Mc-Graw Hill Education: New York. Veliyath, R & Brouthers, L 2010, How Emerging Market Firms Compete in Global Markets, Journal of Emerging Knowledge on Emerging Markets, vol. 2, no. 1, pp.2-18. Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

that other social forces are significant in terms of the behavior of individuals and their decision to violate or to act in accordance with the law (“The death penalty and deterrence,” 2012). Of course, another popular argument used to defend the death penalty is the idea that it is just retribution for a heinous act. Once again, this traces back to the ancient notion of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth being the only fair and just punishment to be meted out for the taking of a life. But once again, the fact remains… Continue Reading...

Leadership Essay (free Example)

has uncovered a need for organizations to develop “effective leaders and leadership behavior” (Day, Fleenor, Atwater, Sturm & McKee, 2014, p. 63).  The development of leadership behaviors is something that organizations are finding is necessary in the 21st century because many firms, groups, and businesses require a firm hand at the helm in order to steer the many parts of the ship.  Without the necessary leadership characteristics firmly possessed, the individual tasked with leading his followers will be ill-equipped to provide any actual help.  He will, in short, be a bad leader whose effect is corrosive on the organization… Continue Reading...

Cognitive Psychology Essay

as well as effectiveness of therapies, before summing up the paper with a conclusion. Titles: Cognitive Psychology:  Modern Approach to Human behavior Cognitive Psychology Advancements Topics: Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Psychology of Planning Outline: I.  Introduction II.  Body A.  Scenario B.  Psychological Perspectives C.  Treatment, Therapies, Interventions D.  Effectiveness of Therapies III.  Conclusion Title:  Cognitive Psychology Scenario Essay Introduction Cognitive psychology is a relatively new or modern approach to human behavior whose main focus is how people think.  This approach in psychology focuses on how people think because of the belief that thought processes affect people’s behaviors.  In essence,… Continue Reading...

Professional Accountability and Patient Safety

not be physical. As a matter of fact, the most common instances of violent and aggressive behavior towards nurses are verbal abuse, which in most cases takes the form of swearing (McNamara, 2010, p. 676). In instances where the said violence goes on for a significant period of time without being addressed, significant psychological trauma could set in. In some instances, emotional harm could be extensive and long-lasting – causing irreversible damage to the affected nurse’s wellbeing, in which case problems such as nightmares, palpitations, etc. become commonplace. Violence from patients towards nurses could also end up affecting the… Continue Reading...

Federal Versus State Courts Authority

Federal and State Court Authority The federal court system was founded by the United States Constitution and derives its authority from that document. The establishment of the federal court system is specifically derived from Article II which created the institution of the Supreme Court, the highest law in the land, and also permitted Congress to establish a system of lower courts. At present, there are 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeal (“Court Role,” 2018). The state courts derive their power from the state constitutions directly, although state authority does not supersede that of federal authority. This… Continue Reading...

Five Principles Of Management

rules for resolving issues and inadequate reliance on their personal judgment and competencies renders their behavior inflexible. One major challenge organizational leaders face is: using bureaucratic principles to benefit the company instead of causing it harm (Appendix A: The Evolution of Management Theory, n.d.). Behavioral Management Theory Early behavioral management theories revolved around management’s personal behavior for motivating personnel, urging them to give their best performance, and dedicating themselves to accomplishing corporate objectives (Appendix A: The Evolution of Management Theory, n.d). Human Relations Theory – by Elton Mayo Fredrick Roethlisberger and Elton Mayo, a couple of Harvard Business School… Continue Reading...

Unreliable Narration “the Tell Tale Heart” by Edgar Allan Poe

causes auditory and visual hallucinations as well as disordered thinking (Salas). Even though the narrator understands that his behavior will have consequences, he seems to genuinely believe he is being persecuted by the eye and is unable to differentiate right from wrong. As well as a portrait of madness, a number of critics have also used the story as evidence of the “ambiguity” of the “complicated dynamics of criminal confessions by mentally ill suspects” and of the problematic nature of using what a mentally ill suspect testifies in securing a conviction (Salas) Works Cited Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Tell-Tale… Continue Reading...

Models Of Policing

boost communication, and strengthen the community overall. Community members are encouraged to report suspicious or unruly behavior to police and police are expected to interact with the community more openly, visibly, and in a positive and friendly manner so that the human face of both the police department and of the community can be better recognized, valued and appreciated by both (Saint Claire, 2018). Reactive policing is also known as traditional policing and this model is based on the idea that police wait for a call to come in before being dispatched to the community to address a situation.… Continue Reading...

School Bullying Plan

broad concept that involves intentional aggression, power imbalance between the perpetrator and victim, and repetitive aggressive behavior (Cornell & Limber, 2015). Carson Elementary School recognizes that preventing bullying is critical toward enhancing the safety of all students within the classroom setting and school environment. In this regard, the school has established policies that seek to prevent or lessen bullying incidents. The policies are based on guidelines by Cincinnati Public Schools district and act as the basis for determining how to deal with bullying incidents. As part of the school’s strategies toward meeting this moral and legal obligation, the administration… Continue Reading...

Sexism and the Media

a feminist standpoint. Only from the perspective of post-feminism does this type of behavior because laudatory and only then because the moral justification for it is based solely on the notion that whatever the woman wants is good, because her will is what matters most. If she wills herself to be a tool for advertising, that is her right and she should feel empowered to do so: such is the essence of post-feminism. Post-feminism is embraced in today’s culture because the culture itself has changed. Sexual liberation has not led to the type of empowerment predicted by feminists like… Continue Reading...

Kent State Shooting

or stifle dissent. Lewis, Jerry M. “A Study of the Kent State Incident Using Smesler’s Theory of Collective behavior.” Sociological Inquiry, Vol. 42, No. 2, April 1972, pp. 87-96. Approaching the Kent State University protest and shooting from a sociological perspective enables greater understanding of how to conceptualize the event historically. In this article, the author evaluates several theories of collective behavior including structural conduciveness, structural strain, and mobilization to help historians apply lessons learned from Kent to possible future issues involving the potential use of social control during political dissent. Lewis, Jerry M. and Hensley, Thomas R. “The May… Continue Reading...

Human Robot Interaction

679-704. Looije, R., Neerinex, M. & Hindriks, K. (2017). Specifying and testing the design rationale of social robots for behavior change in children. Cognitive Systems Research. Vol. 43 (2017) 250-265. Continue Reading...

Catcher in the Rye Essay

find that you're not the first person who was ever confused and frightened and even sickened by human behavior. You're by no means alone on that score, you'll be excited and stimulated to know. Many, many men have been just as troubled morally and spiritually as you are right now. Happily, some of them kept records of their troubles. You'll learn from them—if you want to. Just as someday, if you have something to offer, someone will learn something from you. It's a beautiful reciprocal arrangement. And it isn't education. It's history. It's poetry” (246). “Don’t ever tell anybody… Continue Reading...

Religion and Christian Counseling

Introduction The Interdisciplinary Studies degree offers a student the opportunity to integrate disciplines to develop a broader understanding of areas that can be meaningfully applied one’s career. For example, an Interdisciplinary Studies degree that focuses on Religion and Christian counseling provides a suitable foundation for a counselor seeking to specialize in a work area that incorporates aspects of religion into the fundamentals of counseling. It is similar to a chef who has an understanding of a variety of menus and meals and how to prepare them applying for job as a opposed to a chef who has only practiced preparing… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

Introduction The identification, development, and retention of high-potential employees is one of the most important areas of research in industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology. Whereas the vast majority of the workforce will perform in ways that do promote organizational goals, the top performers in any organization are those that provide the firm with its competitive advantage. On the contrary, organizations that do not actively seek to identify, develop, and retain high-potential employees stand to lose a lot as top talent may seek opportunities to maximize potential elsewhere—often a competitor. Moreover, the high potential employees are those with the greatest potential to lead… Continue Reading...

Bill and Charles Koch Fight for Power

& Erdogan, B. (2012). Chapter 13.3: The power to influence. Organizational behavior. Flatworld Knowledge. Retrieved from https://www.saylor.org/site/textbooks/Organizational%20Behavior.pdf  Haneberg L. (2012). Chapter 5: Positively using your power. The ASTD Management Development Handbook: Innovation for Today's Manager. Alexandria, Va: American Society for Training & Development. [EBSCO eBook Collection] Luthans, F., Luthans, K. W., & Luthans, B. C. (2015). Chapter 10: Power and Politics. Organizational behavior: An evidence-based approach. Charlotte, North Carolina: Information Age Publishing, pp. 280-287. Continue Reading...

Sunpower Simulation

market is determined by its own pricing and related strategies in relation to the behavior of competitors. While the aggressive pricing strategies used by competitors in Run 2 leads to the imminent demise of SunPower whose market share has been reduced to below 1%, the said aggressive pricing strategies do not adversely affect SunPower’s competitive ability in Run 1. This is more so the case thanks to not only the awareness about the pricing strategies of competitors, but also the appropriate response of SunPower to competitor behavior. References Griffin, R.W. (2011). Fundamentals of Management (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

reach desired health outcomes within an established budgetary and time frame. “Individual behavior change is difficult to achieve without addressing the context in which people make decisions,” (Story, Kaphingst, Robinson-O’Brien, et al., 2008, p. 266). Therefore, the mayor of Puerto Santa Lucia is also urged to form strategic partnerships with the private sector. Partnering with major supermarket chains and independent small business alike, the community can establish ground rules for health promotion. Encouraging small-scale community gardens, offering free gardening classes at the community center, and liberating the rules on farmer’s markets and small community vendors are specific and tangible… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

is because incentivizing such actions would clearly create a disruption of justice by motivating the darker inclinations of human behavior, such as greed to motivate arrests. Rather than administering justice, officials of this system would be more inclined to arrest and jail people for their own personal gain. This would mean that vulnerable populations, such as minorities, would instantly become the “low hanging fruit” and likely to be most victimized by this set-up (Dacey, 2017). All persons in America are supposed to be guaranteed liberty: a justice system that incentivized officials in such a way would be completely disconnected… Continue Reading...

Jewish Ethics

Jewish Ethics When one thinks of the ethics of any religion, behavior of the individual often comes to mind initially. However, the behavior of the micro informs the macro, as the creators of the code of Jewish ethics are well aware. This paper will examine the scope of Jewish ethics as they pertain to the economic and health spheres, two arenas where there needs to be strong connections to ethical codes. The scope of Jewish ethics pertains to all arenas and subjects where the safety, wellness, happiness and potential of the individual and collective are concerned. Dorff and Mackler discuss… Continue Reading...

Super Highway 8 Rogerian

that we are ashamed of, and both such events will have a hand in shaping our behavior and our identities. In conclusion, critics of this image are correct in much of their criticism: there is a banal derivative, unspecific and uncertain elements within the photo. However, many of these elements work together to create a deeper and more meaningful experience for the viewer. The banality helps to foster a sense of universality for the image. The derivative quality creates trust and an inherent gravitational pull towards the image. The unspecific elements of the photo such as its ability to… Continue Reading...

Adhd in the Classroom

approaches to instruction—namely: “school-based interventions should include both proactive and reactive strategies to maximize behavior change” (p. 547). Thus, the plan for best practices should be focused on employing proactive and reactive strategies to facilitate the student’s acquisition of knowledge and maintain discipline and effective management of the classroom (Pfiffner et al., 2006). This paper will discuss these management techniques along with appropriate instruction techniques that can be implemented to assist the ADHD learner and how teachers can provide emotional support and use effective assessments. For discipline and management, teachers can adopt proactive and reactive strategies. Proactive strategies involve… Continue Reading...

Negotiating Peace in the Middle East

the region and how this difference has affected the negotiation process thus far. It will also analyze the ethical behavior and tactics that have been used throughout the negotiation process, as some of these tactics have raised many questions about how far stakeholders can and should be willing to go when it comes to negotiating the peace in a region that is fraught with hostilities and conflict. Finally, this paper will determine the best alternative to a negotiated agreement as well as the worst alternative and develop a proposal for both a distributive and an integrative negotiation strategy for… Continue Reading...

Four Advantages Of Community Policing

pursuing measures to secure their communities (Coquilhat, 2008). 4. Changing the behavior and attitudes of the police There is some evidence that shows that community policing increases job satisfaction of the police officers because of the better interaction and cooperation with the communities (Coquilhat, 2008). Coquilhat (2008).According to Coquilhat, community policing helps the police to become embedded in the communities that they work. The scenario enables the police to understand the concerns of the community and hence represent the police better. The final effect is that the morale of the police will be boosted since they feel invited to work… Continue Reading...

Health Concerns Involving Breast Cancer

Breast cancer forms the second largest cause of deaths from cancer in American women. In the year 2015, roughly 232,000 women, mostly between 55 and 64 years of age, showed positive cancer diagnoses, with 40,000 succumbing to the disease. The median breast cancer-linked mortality age is 68 years. The US PSTF (Preventive Services Task Force) advises all females aged between 50 and 74 years to undergo screening mammography once every two years. Women may individually even decide to commence screening mammography before turning fifty. Those who set greater store by the potential advantages as compared to disadvantages of screening can… Continue Reading...

Digital Rights Management Ethical Dilemmas

be a different person in this context. The lawmakers have the ability to define what is acceptable behavior with respect to digital content consumption and distribution, and what is not. As such, they contribute strongly not just to the legal discussion but the ethical as well, as many members of the public take their ethical cues from the prevailing legal environment. Conclusions There are many types of individuals who fall into either category A or category B, and typically this is defined by their actions. Sometimes an individual falls into both (like Led Zeppelin seeking to enforce copyright over… Continue Reading...

Approaches to Psychological Profiling

that anyone who is there is there for one reason only—to engage in criminal behavior. A victim profile, an offender profile and a DNA profile could all be combined to help describe more about the geographical profile of the street. For instance, the victim profile would tell what types of victims are found at this dead-end street. The offender profile would link the victims to a type of offender, a type of person who usually commits the offense at this particular street. The DNA profile could be created from physical evidence of individuals collected at the street to show… Continue Reading...

Spirituality Mind Body Spirit and Transpersonal Psychology

A: Integration of Mind/Body/Spirit The integration of body, mind, and spirit can create harmony and healing. In fact, the integration of body, mind, and spirit can also take into account culture and ethnicity to provide holistic care. There is no one way to integrate body, mind, and spirit, but multiple modalities that each person can choose to use at different points to address their own needs. Some body-mind-spirit integration practices like yoga or tai chi can also be divorced from their religious and cultural contexts to provide all people with access to their benefits (Luskin, 2004). Although there is some… Continue Reading...

Rounding by Nurses in the Progressive Care Unit

Introduction The progressive care unit (PCU) is a practice setting in which the researcher’s health care team is often failing to meet quality care objectives according to patient reporting on the hospital consumer assessment of healthcare providers and systems (HCAHPS). Opportunities for growth in quality care based on the HCAHPS of the PCU include topic areas related to patient inclusion as well as communication skills of the members of the healthcare team. Patient perception of quality is that the healthcare team in the PCU is unable to explain the care process in a way that the patient and family members… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Anthropology Today

other, usually older, children playing [and] watching our parents and comparing their behavior towards us with that of our friends' parents” (p. 4). In sum, these types of environmental influences have been consistently demonstrated as having a profound effect on the development of gender roles within a given society. As Andrews and Sayers (20110 conclude, “]This] is how we acquire our perspectives, at least initially, on gender roles and parenting, both of which we know, from sociological and anthropological research” (p. 5). An anthropological study by Jordona-Propper (2013) took into account individual personalities and their social environments in shaping… Continue Reading...

Why an Essentialist View Of Gender Is Outdated

regarding these people's 'deeper' qualities and on the causes of their behavior” (809). Clearly, the imposition of categories and speculations concerning any “deeper” causes to the behavior of others based on casual observations and prevailing stereotypes are spurious at best, and some authorities argue that the essentialist view is inappropriate and even harmful when applied to issues such as gender and sexuality. For example, Boskey maintains that, “Gender essentialism is the widely discredited and outdated idea that men and women act differently and have different options in life because of intrinsic or essential differences between the sexes” (2). Certainly,… Continue Reading...

Stress at the Workplace

is likely to be met with brash or rude behavior. This effectively impacts teamwork, which is critical for organizational success. In addition to promoting synergy, teamwork also promotes a team approach to issues whereby the shared ideas as well as information lead to the formulation of better solutions to problems. Anything that adversely affects teamwork effectivelly gets in the way of enhanced organizational performance. Employee stress also has turnover implications. In a study seeking to establish how employee stress impact turnover rates in the hotel industry, Hwang, Lee, Park, Chang, and Kim (2012) found out that “occupational stress factors… Continue Reading...

Security at Bay Street Shopping Mall

Brief Description of the Mall Bay Street Mall is situated in Emeryville in California. It can be delineated as a mega mall as it comprises of over 60 retail stores, 10 cafes and restaurants, a major movie theater, a huge hotel that includes more than 200 rooms and also several residential units. Other amenities within the mall comprise of telecommunication services, forex bureaus and also playing areas for children. The opening hours of the complex include 8 am to 10 pm from every single day of the week including weekends and also public holidays. The main objective of this paper… Continue Reading...

Workplace Issues Mediation and Negotiation

industry, concerning one of the giants in the field—Nike. The problems at Nike involved inappropriate behavior in the workplace, sexual harassment, and even sexual assault. Women within the company detailed workplace violations such as, “ There were the staff outings that started at restaurants and ended at strip clubs. A supervisor who bragged about the condoms he carried in his backpack. A boss who tried to forcibly kiss a female subordinate, and another who referenced a staff member’s breasts in an email to her. Then there were blunted career paths. Women were made to feel marginalized in meetings and were… Continue Reading...

Performance Evaluation for Managers

under review understands that they are not personally being reviewed by the evaluation: rather it is there behavior and accomplishments at work. The manager should focus on the positive achievements and attributes first, and then focus on the arenas that warrant improvement. Employees should be allowed to respond or even ask for suggestions and the employer should be able to offer actionable steps the employee can take to make concerted improvements. Managers need to view performance evaluations not as a burden, but as an opportunity that offers them the ability to help the employee reach a higher level of… Continue Reading...

Graphic Design Historical Compare and Contrast

and Mirko Ilic. Stop, Think, Go, Do: How Typography and Graphic Design Influence behavior. Rockport Publishers, 2012. Meggs, Philip B, and Alston W. Purvis. Meggs' History of Graphic Design. 2016. Moma.org. "Paula Scher. The Public Theater, 95-96 Season. 1995 | MoMA." MoMA, www.moma.org/collection/works/8840. Accessed 11 May 2018. ---. "The Public Theater ? Story ? Pentagram." Pentagram, www.pentagram.com/work/the-public-theater/story. Accessed 11 May 2018. Seibert, John. "The Evolution of Typography: A Brief History." Print Magazine, 10 June 2015, www.printmag.com/typography/evolution-typography-history/.   Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

 (a) frequency of absences, (b) failing grades in reading or math, (c) poor behavior, (d) being over age for grade, (d) having a low grade 9 grade-point average, (e) failing grade 9, or (f) having a record of frequent transfers between schools.  There have been some other variables identified to date that have been shown to exacerbate the dropout rates in many public high school districts. For instance, a study by Gorlitz and Gravert (2016) found that the curriculum reform initiatives that have been implemented by many public school districts across the country that were designed to improve students’… Continue Reading...

Economic Inequalities Essay

Economic Inequalities: Deep-ceded Problems in America New York is a city that is synonymous with America to many people and societies around the world. New York city is a land of freedom and opportunity, symbolized by Lady Liberty in New York harbor. This is a place that does not discriminate based on background, but allows people to chart their own destinies. Or does it? The New York of the 1960s or even the 1990s does not exist anymore. Economic inequality has run rampant in New York as it has in many metropolitan cities. Bill Moyers, economist reported that “Among our… Continue Reading...

Workplace Psychological Testing and Measurement

practical objective beyond pure research. It should be useful for managers to use in conceptualizing behavior and getting employees to perform at their best. Also as noted by Judge and Kammeyer-Meller, (2012), when organizations set goals for themselves, it is essential that these goals are measurable. What cannot be measured cannot be changed or improved. But this raises the question of how to measure performance, particularly individual employee performance and whether employee attributes should be measured in a general or specific way. A variety of tests are available, including intelligence, five-factor model of personality, and job attitudes, although given… Continue Reading...

Helping the Elderly Population

Advocacy Project Proposal Summary The proposal was to work with Dr. Patrick Khoo of HK Cares, a foundation in Hong Kong, China, where I would be on duty for 5 hours a day for a week. The service I aimed to provide was to visit hospitals in order to care for the elderly population in these facilities. By entertaining them, looking after them, reading to them, and helping them with whatever they needed, my goal was to relieve the disease burden on society and provide the elderly population in hospitals with a greater quality care experience through extra attention on… Continue Reading...

Maintaining Confidentiality Obligation and Friendship

his duty without causing any harm or allowing harm to come them. This obligation means that Henry should inspire behavior that exemplifies honor and dignity for himself and the school. It is clear that Henry understands the risks that might occur if Jim is allowed to continue working. However, he felt obligated to his friend to allow him to continue working even though he understands the risks associated with his response to Jim. While Jim might be grappling with a death sentence, Henry should not put the lives of students and staff at risk and he should make a… Continue Reading...

William Gibson's Neuromancer on Technology and Humans

regulations and social controls are needed to provide a modicum of ethical behavior and moral standards. Yet human nature is selfish and cyberspace is “unregulable,” making it so that people will break the rules if it means gaining something personally (Lemley, 2003, p. 521). People do not view laws or regulations as the means by which to participate in the construction of a better society, but simply obstacles that must be overcome in order to pursue one’s personal desires. If human beings were given access to the types of advanced technologies that exist in Chiba, then it is more… Continue Reading...

Inclusive Leadership and Organizational Culture

organizational culture that will enrich one and all. Inclusive Leadership The traits of inclusive leadership include the ability to self-monitor individual behavior and to promote this monitoring, and having a cultural intelligence that is akin to social and emotional intelligence (Ayman & Korabik, 2010). Inclusive leaders will display a willingness to hear others but also the skills necessary for communicating effectively with a diverse group—such as knowing what types of people are more likely to avoid conflict and what types of people are more likely to be assertive. Knowing these cultural aspects can help to reduce the risk of confusion and… Continue Reading...

Organizational Citizenship Management Ethics

a manner that is not “readily monitored or enforced” (p.26). The authors call this model that of Organizational Citizenship behavior (OCB) which is an important component of enhancing organizational performance but which is still at the discretion of the individual employee. Employees are encouraged to become good organizational citizens or “good soldiers” that go above and beyond their personal needs and tasks in a manner that adds to organizational value but does not place undue burdens on employees (Singh, Pathardikar, and Bandyopadhyay, 2012, p.26). Employees must also be sufficiently aware of organizational values and needs so that they are… Continue Reading...

Theories Of Humanistic Psychology History

Humanistic Psychology Humanistic psychology has made a tremendous impact on the overall field of psychology and the social sciences in general. Since Rogers first introduced the concepts of unconditional positive regard, the ideals of professional competence in psychotherapy have changed towards client-centered perspectives and practices (McArthur & Cooper, 2017). However, humanistic psychology often eschews quantitative research methods, diverges considerably from the views in cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis and behaviorism, and has been occasionally perceived or portrayed of as too soft to be relevant to the social sciences (Wong, 2017). More recently, humanistic psychologists have gained ground in acquiring greater credibility for… Continue Reading...

Kraft Foods Canada Targeting the Millennials

the target demographics. Similarly, anonymous customer surveys that capitalize on the power of social media would help. Consumer behavior can also be quantified to inform best practices throughout the campaign. Key quantifiable factors include of course sales numbers, and percentage of market share in processed cheese slices. Given the recent fall in processed cheese sales in general, Kraft Singles wants to see growth in the market within the target demographic. Analysis This case highlights a repositioning and rebranding issue for Kraft Singles. Canadian millennial moms are a burgeoning demographic with different but not necessarily competing value systems from previous… Continue Reading...

Charlotte Perkins Gilman “the Yellow Wallpaper”

Medical Misunderstandings and Gender: “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a brief psychological study of a woman slowly going mad over the course of an imposed rest cure, prescribed by her physician-husband. The story illustrates the extent to which limited knowledge of the female psyche and a refusal to treat women as intelligent, independent beings ironically produces the types of behaviors the psychological treatment of the era was supposed to prevent. Both women and men are guilty of limiting women’s voices when women attempt to escape the conventional confines of motherhood… Continue Reading...

How to Resolve Conflicts and Cooperate

1. What is your personal style of conflict? How did you learn that? I tend to avoid conflict as much as possible, which is not necessarily the best approach. Conflict is natural and inevitable and leaders need to develop strong conflict resolution skills to be successful in their field. I learned to avoid conflict as a child, growing up in a chaotic environment. I sought solitude and peace when possible rather than asking for what I needed directly. This has led to unexpressed needs, resentment, and passive-aggressive behaviors that I would like to change. As Holton (1995) points out, all… Continue Reading...

Spirituality and Humanistic Psychology Individual

Question 1 The individual’s experience and the personal construction of meaning are central to humanistic psychology. Theorists like Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow initially promoted this humanistic view of psychology, which was contrary to the prevailing tenets of behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Instead of focusing on past experiences and environmental variables, Rogers and Maslow focused on the person’s perceptions and intrinsic motivations (“What is Humanistic Psychology?” n.d.). Moreover, early theorists also negated the importance of experimental studies and other applications of the scientific method to psychological inquiry because these methods have a way of dehumanizing and devaluing personal experience (McLeod, 2015).… Continue Reading...

Why Columbus Day Should Not Be Celebrated Essay

actions, it becomes apparent that the man engaged in repeated, monstrous behavior. “Two days after he ‘discovered’ America, Columbus wrote in his journal that with 50 men he could force ‘the entire population be taken to Castile, or held captive.’ On his second voyage, in December 1494, Columbus captured 1,500 Tainos on the island of Hispaniola and herded them to Isabela, where 550 of ‘the best males and females’ were forced aboard ships bound for the slave markets of Seville” (Strong, 1989). Columbus led the Spanish attack on the Taino people of Hispaniola, showing mercy to neither women nor… Continue Reading...

Chris Browning’s Ordinary Men Essay

along with other psychological tricks, like projection, that helped them to reconcile the horrors of their own behavior. Ultimately, this book, like a violin in a void, assists the modern reader in comprehending the capacity for evil in the every day man.  References Browning, C. R. (1992). Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. Retrieved from http://hampshirehigh.com/exchange2012/docs/BROWNING-Ordinary%20Men.%20Reserve%20Police%20Battalion%20101%20and%20the%20Final%20Solution%20in%20Poland%20(1992).pdf   Continue Reading...

Marketing Goods or Services

essential by any means. Further, the buying cycle and buyer behavior are going to be different for services. A classic example is how time affects things – the buyer wants to consume the service at a time that is most convenient to him or her, but the provider of the service has to balance that with their own capacity. This places emphasis on demand forecasting, and using the marketing to influence when the demand comes through the system. This is why some restaurants will have early bird specials or movie theaters are cheaper on Tuesday nights – as a… Continue Reading...

Disparities and Diabetes Among Latinos

some lifestyle changes. For example, obesity is a major predisposing factor of diabetes. Another modifiable human behavior is physical inactivity. When high blood pressure remains untreated it not only damages the cardiovascular system but is also noted as a possible diabetes trigger (American Heart Association, 2018). Usually, minorities live in neighborhoods that are rated as inferior because they lack access to healthy food, gyms and manifest a high level of crime. The lack of value food sources, exercise amenities and the prevalence of stressors such as high crime rates and limited levels of social cohesion are all connected to… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

they are biologically male or female. Therefore, one’s communication, expression and behavior is shaped by the preexisting cultural and social norms including non-verbal language. Consequently, people’s behavior may differ because they are shaped by cultural and social norms from varying socio-ethnic and cultural setups. All these forces define gender; which is effectively a social construction of one’s biological sex. It allows for the recognition and distinction between men and women. According to Lippman (1922), stereotypes were important because they were an offshoot of a people’s ideas and heritage and, thus, served important purposes. Stereotypes helped to facilitate homogeneity in… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology Phenomenology refers both to philosophical framework and to epistemological orientation. As epistemology, phenomenology has had major implications for the social sciences, providing the fundamental tenets and methods for qualitative research. Originator of the phenomenological approach, Husserl proposed that human consciousness undergirds experience, but that both must be transcended, acknowledged, and set aside in order to reach the truth of any given phenomenon. Husserl therefore favored the use of descriptive methods, which aim for objectivity as much as possible. Husserl’s student Martin Heidegger rejected the notion that it was even possible at all to ascertain some objective… Continue Reading...

Value Based Purchasing Implementation Plan

Financial Management Executive Summary My organization has a fairly high commitment to VBP, and I believe that with a plan it can become even more engaged with VBP over the course of the next three years. While one might naturally think that those who deliver medical services are the most important – they are very important – I would like to key in on the roles that the Finance, Purchasing and IT departments play in achieving the balance between high quality service delivery and cost control. By engaging all of the relevant stakeholders, and making VBP a central focus on… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

Introduction The drug, marijuana, is actually not as lethal to human beings as cigarettes or alcohol. Further, it is much less addictive, being generally consumed in far lesser quantities. It is also not strongly linked to accidents, risky sexual conduct, and violence, the way alcohol is. Lastly, one can never lose one’s life to marijuana overdose. While a small share of individuals who consume marijuana do develop addiction, this issue can be easily treated. Marijuana in the form of a medicine proves effective in dealing with various acute symptoms such as wasting diseases, nausea and vomiting. Marijuana is very commonly… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Workplace Bullying

When most people think of bullying, they conceptualize schoolyard toughs terrorizing their helpless, weaker peers just as they have done for centuries. The harsh reality today, though, is that bullying is also pervasive in the American workplace today. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review and summary of Weidmer’s (2010) journal article concerning workplace bullying and its impact on both the victims and their organizations together with an applicable scenario based on personal experiences, including representative bullying practices. Finally, recommendations concerning strategies that management should implement to reduce the prevalence of workplace bullying are followed by a… Continue Reading...

Rebranding Diet Coke

be viewed as having a drinking problem, not taking his job seriously, exposing his workplace to unprofessional behavior, and might even be grounds for dismissal. Society evolves and with it do the habits and trends of society members. This most notably includes consumers. Fortune.com has long noted that iconic brands that seemed to be timeless and seemed to be impenetrable to the whims of consumers, and shielded from the fickleness of the ages now seemed to struggling in ways they never expected. Brands that had always been above the struggles so common to many products and companies are now… Continue Reading...

Apple Finance Department

Introduction and Company Overview Apple is an integrated designer and marketer of consumer electronics. The company’s products include computers, smartphones, tablets, wearables, as well as the software that powers these devices. Apple is based in California, but contracts out manufacturing to third parties, typically in China. It runs physical retail stores, and online stores, in dozens of countries around the world. The global nature of Apple’s business presents significant challenges for the finance department. In recent years, the company has been so profitable that it had massive cash holdings. These have typically been either returned to shareholders via dividends, and… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

be expected. The basis of Fransen’s (2013) argument is that if educators want students to show maturity and good behavior teachers must be willing to trust them, allow them to make mistakes but ultimately be willing to tone down the aggressive approach to discipline that more restrictive and punitively-minded educators might prefer in order to keep tight control on a classroom. What Fransen (2013) found was that when teachers give fewer deferrals for discipline, student achievement actually increases because students are more willing to engage with the material. Instead of simply sitting silently and waiting out the clock in… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling for Sexual Addiction

S. W., Voon, V., & Potenza, M. N. (2016). Should compulsive sexual behavior be considered an addiction?  Addiction, 111(12), 2097-2106. Phillips, B., Hajela, R. & Hilton, D. (2015). Sex addiction as a disease: Evidence for assessment, diagnosis, and response to critics. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 22(2), 167-192. Rosenberg, K.P., Carnes, P. & O’Connor, S. (2014). Evaluation and Treatment of Sex Addiction. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 40(2), 77-91. Continue Reading...

Cultural Identity Essay

do, as some people look to their cultural groups for acceptable modes of behavior. Sometimes this can be more complex than it sounds as certain individuals consider themselves to be members of several cultural groups at once in a manner that overlaps. Below are some of the more dominant theories of cultural identity.  Co-Cultural Theory This theory discusses how individuals within a co-cultural collective, such as marginalized groups communicate with those in the dominant group and the ways they attempt to remove stereotypes and gain acceptance as members of the dominant group (Orbe, 1998).  There are a host of… Continue Reading...

How Environment Influences Business

Rappeport, 2017). Social The social factor of the framework takes into account the social impacts on the behavior and expectations of consumers with respect to products, services, and organizations on a whole. One of the key social factors impacting Apple Inc. encompasses the significant and progressively increases in the use of mobile accessibility. In the present day, there is the inclination of the rising popularity of mobile access across the globe, which presents a prospect for Apple to continue with the provision of easy to use mobile devices. It is imperative to note that Apple has already taken substantial measures to… Continue Reading...

How to Be a Successful Student

taking place. The idea that motivation is the driving force of human behavior was first put forward by Maslow in 1943. Maslow identified a hierarchy of needs that explained the motivation of human behavior: people acted according to whatever level of needs had to be met at a given time. There was a basic level of needs—i.e., the need for shelter, food, love, etc.—and a higher level of need that culminated in self-actualization, the ability to be self-motivated for no other reason that the individual desired to achieve something positive. This sense of self-actualization—this ultimate motivational drive—is what a student… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Achebe Character Analysis

his Igbo culture, the members of the tribe condone and even expect such behavior from a fierce warrior-leader. It is only when Okonkwo violates the supernatural laws that dominate the society that he is exiled from the community. Thus, Achebe shows that a patriarchal society cares more about appeasing invisible spirits than about the ethical treatment of human beings. Achebe also paints a round character who fails to change because he never changes his values, beliefs, or motivations. Until the very end of the novel, Okonkwo remains “dominated by fear, the fear of failure and of weakness...deeper and more… Continue Reading...

Patient with Chest Pain

1. Subjective Patient’s chief complaint: A man aged 69 comes to the emergency room with a sharp pain to his chest’s left side, lasting between 30 and 40 mins and then subsiding. History of present illness: The pain has woken him up thrice in the last 7 days. He claims the pain first started roughly six months ago. Initially, however, the pain used to surface only occasionally, commonly while he was doing gardening. The patient’s past medical history reveals a diagnosis of hypertension twenty-five years back. Precipitating/alleviating factors: The patient has been smoking a half-cigarette pack daily for the last… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Mainstream Media on Perception Of Events

Abstract The media has a pivotal part to play in giving the public information on what occurs worldwide, especially in areas wherein audiences lack direct experience or knowledge. In this paper, the effect of media on the formation of public attitudes and beliefs and its association with social change will be examined. The paper will draw on diverse empirical research findings and assess media coverage influence in areas like disability, economic growth and climate change. These findings will offer insights into how media shapes public discourse as regards establishing agendas and making the masses concentrate on specific topics. With regard… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism Psychoanalysis and Hte Psychology

the first scientific, empirical studies of human nature and behavior began more concertedly in the nineteenth century. William Wundt opened the first real laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychology in 1879, signifying the birth of the scientific study of psychology prior to its fragmentation into different empirical disciplines (Baker & Sperry, 2018). Following initial forays into structural and functional analyses of the human mind, researchers began to take varying approaches including those that focused on the internal or subjective experiences of people, such as psychoanalysis, and those that focused more on measurable outcomes such as behaviorism. Behaviorism and psychoanalysis dominated… Continue Reading...

Self Management in Nursing

A Concept Analysis in behavior Management: Self-Management in Psych Nursing Introduction In nursing, when it comes to behavior management—i.e., helping individuals to alter their behavior in order to achieve a positive aim—various strategies are available. One concept of behavior management that has been handed down over generations of nursing practice is the concept of self-management. This concept analysis paper will analyze self-management by describing a history of the concept, its defining characteristics and attributes, antecedents and consequences, various cases related to the concept, empirical measurements, and recommendations following a discussion of the analysis.… Continue Reading...

Nursing Intervention

spread more easily from host to host. A sneeze, a cough, a touch—any type of behavior in which the flu virus can be passed will occur in close living quarters like that which is found in a prison population. A lack of proper exercise and diet to bolster the immune system is another environmental risk factor. Prisons are not well-known for providing inmates with adequate exercise and dietary opportunities, so it is important during an outbreak that special emphasis be placed on boosting the immune system by giving the residents better opportunities to engage in exercise and eat more… Continue Reading...

Emergency Management and National, State, County, and Local Responses

trust, if they must intervene during times of disaster and crisis. Prevention of high-risk behavior is also critical. On the police website, it is evident that the organization plays a vital educational role to mitigate disasters on a national and personal level, including providing advice to the public about how to protect themselves and their belongings before crime occurs and to make appropriate selection of protective devices such as child car seats, which can mitigate injuries. Its website also provides advice about security and crime prevention. Regarding response and recovery phases, the police also engage in drills to enhance marine… Continue Reading...

Postpartum Depression and Gilman Yellow Wallpaper

and Galea, Liisa A.M. “Postpartum Depression: Etiology, Treatment, and Consequences for Maternal Care.” Hormones and behavior. Vol. 77, Jan 2016, pp. 153-166. Dennis, Cindy-Lee. “Psychological Treatment is One of the Several Important Components to the Effective Management of Postpartum Depression.” Evidence Based Nursing, Vol. 20, No.1, p. 9. Gilman (nee Stetson), Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper.” https://www.nlm.nih.gov/theliteratureofprescription/exhibitionAssets/digitalDocs/The-Yellow-Wall-Paper.pdf Treichler, Paula A. “Escaping the Sentence.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature, Vol. 3, No. 1/2, Spring - Autumn, 1984, pp. 61-77. Tucker, Phebe, Crow, Shiela, Cuccio, Anne, et al. “Helping Medical Students Understand Postpartum Psychosis Through the Prism of “The Yellow Wallpaper” by… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Delivery System Model

are invaluable (Cowen, et al., 2008, p. 410). The need to provide better incentives for change of behavior keeps urging. While providers on salary are not very likely to overuse services, they may underutilize services that are effective. While paying for good performance may be effective, incentives must be sufficient and they should target the outcomes the intended for improvement by the system. Effort to reward performance by the providers could significantly help to reduce the wait times for patients to be referred to specialty clinics, increase the utilization of recommended procedures and reward the providers that excel in care… Continue Reading...

Physical Education and the Zpd

Learning in theory and practice: Vygotsky’s ZPD and physical education in primary education Introduction Age-graded schooling is one of the most common and conventional features of today’s academic environment. For younger learners in the primary education levels, this separation of young children from adolescents may seem on the face of it like a common sense approach to education—yet, as Gray and Feldman (2004) point out, separation such as this actually is more restrictive to the educative experience than it is facilitative. The reason is found in Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) theory. Vygotsky was an early 20th century Soviet… Continue Reading...

Stigma Of Mental Illness

that causes the patient to experience hallucinations, delusions, irrational speech patterns, anti-social behavior, a loss of willpower/motivation, or even a possible catatonic state at times. Symptoms include incoherent speech, paranoia, distorted perceptions, confused or disordered thinking, and an inability to concentrate. This broad spectrum of symptoms should be seen for at least a month, with behavior being monitored for up to six months (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, as its latter name suggests causes the sufferer to experience wild swings in mood from intense euphoria to major depression. Bipolar patients tend to have… Continue Reading...

Single-sex or Co-ed Schools in England

teachers. References Booth, A. and Nolen, P., 2012. Choosing to compete: How different are girls and boys?. Journal of Economic behavior & Organization, 81(2), pp.542-555. Johnson, N. and Winterbottom, M., 2011. Supporting girls’ motivation in science: a study of peer?and self?assessment in a girls?only class. Educational Studies, 37(4), pp.391-403. Malacova, E., 2007. Effect of single?sex education on progress in GCSE. Oxford Review of Education, 33(2), pp.233-259. Mujtaba, T. and Reiss, M.J., 2013. What sort of girl wants to study physics after the age of 16? Findings from a large-scale UK survey. International Journal of Science Education, 35(17), pp.2979-2998. Sullivan, A., Joshi, H. and Leonard, D., 2011. Single?sex schooling and labour… Continue Reading...

Systems Thinking in New Product Development

Abstract A case study of a tech start-up reveals some of the challenges associated with implementing systems theory in new product development. This area of study hold promise, but there are some implementation issues in the real world that have been identified and perhaps in need of further exploration. Introduction Systems thinking focuses on the interrelatedness of different systems, different roles and different disciplines. The system is not simply a set of parts, but it is how the parts work together, how they interact with one another, that forms the system. By focusing on the integrated whole, systems thinking is… Continue Reading...

Investing in China

and how these differences are infused into institutions, organizations and consumer behavior of both parties (Hur, Kang & Kim, 2015). For example, the Chinese are far more forward-looking and focused on achieving long-term objectives than the West is likely to be; the people of the West, on the other hand—because of their culture at its rootedness in the classical/Christian tradition—are more likely to require more certainty and definition than the people of China who are, according to the Hofstede model of cultural dimensions, quite comfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. Keeping these points in mind, as well as the other… Continue Reading...

Black Swan

and also note why they are problematic to fully explain the behavior she exhibits on film. Schizophrenia Given the dissociative nature of Nina’s disorder, schizophrenia might seem to be the most logical explanation for her most outlandish behavior. Schizophrenia often develops when someone is a young adult, particularly after going away to college or experiencing another traumatic or high-pressure event. Nina is dancing her first major role. Moreover, she is continually pitted against Lily, her rival in the company who is much less disciplined but appears to innately embody the Black Swan’s qualities. Nina feels anxious and depressed early… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dimensions Of the Innovator Role

Ethics is a term that is commonly used to refer to appropriate rules of conduct or moral guidelines that govern people’s behaviors and actions. Additionally, ethics is a terms that refers to standards or norms for differentiating between right and wrong (Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching, n.d.). As a result, ethics has become an important component in research because researchers have a moral responsibility to safeguard their research participants when conducting a study. Experiment ethics has become a common feature in modern research practices because of the role and significance of the moral responsibility that researchers have as… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

The Impact of Using Professional Bilingual Interpreters Abstract Elderly Hispanic patients experience numerous challenges when seeking for healthcare services since they are only eloquent in their native language and are classified as Limited English Proficient (LEP) patients. This paper examines patient-provider communication between these patients and healthcare providers. The evaluation is carried out to determine the role and significance of bilingual interpreters in promoting medication adherence among elderly Hispanic patients aged 50-75 years. The project will be implemented in an outpatient clinic and community center that provides care to different kinds of patients including elderly Hispanics. This project demonstrates that… Continue Reading...

Bipolar and Borderline Disorders

is not good enough) couple with his poor sleep patterns, day-to-day emotional variances and irrational, high-risk impulsive behavior followed by intense emotion and later guilt indicate that he is in need of treatment for bipolar and borderline disorders. Treatment should focus on pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy: lithium and quetiapine could be used to treat the manic-depressive states, while cognitive behavioral therapy could be used to help Brad identify thought patterns that tend to get him into trouble and focus on new patterns of thoughts and behaviors that would help him to achieve more positive goals in his life.… Continue Reading...

What Causes Down Syndrome

Pathophysiology—Down Syndrome Introduction Down Syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that can produce a range of intellectual and physical defects in the individual. Depending on the phenotypic variation, these defects can be more or less severe for some than they are for others (Karmiloff-Smith et al., 2016). It is the most common genetic disorder in the U.S. and the most common cause of learning in young children. It can also lead to other health-related issues and complications such as heart as well as gastrointestinal disorders (Mayo Clinic, 2018). This paper will discuss the pathophysiology of Down Syndrome; the signs, symptoms and… Continue Reading...

Media Portrayals Of Nurses Positive or Negative

Media portrayals of nurses and the nursing profession influences public perceptions. In fact, many viewers will have spent more time watching fictionalized accounts than actual interactions with nurses. Media portrayals affect how nurses are treated, and how their roles and status are negotiated in their professional life. Some of the most problematic portrayals of nurses on film and television include the show Scrubbing In, which depicts nurses as “self-centered, uncaring, unprofessional, and unintelligent,” (Berkowitz, n.d., p. 1). The negative view of nurses as coldhearted extends also from the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, in which Nurse Ratchett is… Continue Reading...

Accounting and Audit Enforcement

it is merely speculative to determine whether or not SOX has been effective in regulating ethical behavior in for-profit healthcare organizations. Indeed, it is not "for profit" that is important; the population for this study has to be publicly-traded, because those are the company for which data is available and the companies that are directly governed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. 3. The case chosen is Tenet Healthcare, which the SEC examined in 2007. KPMG were the auditors of record for that year of the fraud, 2002. The SEC found that Tenet had "exploited a loophole in Medicare's reimbursement system,… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Children and Adolescents Adhd

similar behavioral symptoms such as refusal to follow rules and behavior that could be deemed as deliberate disobedience. However, unlike ADHD, children having ODD often exhibit repeated and blatant/deliberate disobedience and often engage in actions meant to annoy or harm others. In seeking to treat Jamel, I would make use of several interventions – i.e. psychological and behavioral interventions, as well as educational and medication interventions. The involvement of family, caregivers, and teachers would be of great relevance in seeking to further enhance treatment outcomes. For instance, in addition breaking down undertakings into ‘bite-size’ tasks, they should ensure that… Continue Reading...

West Transit Organizational Management

addressed so as to ensure that no member is excluded from group undertakings. The most significant disruptive behavior that must be encouraged is monopolizing, i.e. when only one member makes the most significant contributions – with the other members largely assuming the roles of spectators. This ought to be avoided so as to promote diversity of ideas. This is particularly important in an activity of this nature, i.e. the development of a marketing strategy to promote sales. In that regard, therefore, all members will be required to make valid contributions and participate equally in group undertakings – with the… Continue Reading...

Decision Theory

frequent than some other city where maybe I don't know the traffic patterns. Taking these variables into account, my risk-taking behavior is still fairly risk neutral or slightly risk averse, but there are certain variables that could influence my decision in a way that convinces me to take more risk, every now and again. In a public sector situation, I would probably always be risk averse. Given the complexity of decisions, I would know that there are things I do not know. Furthermore, if my decisions are going to affect other people, I will probably take a more risk averse… Continue Reading...

The Significance Of Relational Contracts

as “informal agreements and unwritten codes of conduct that powerfully affect the behavior of individuals, clearly emphasizing the informal nature of contracts.” (Ho?hn 35) They help businesses overcome obstacles typically faced in formal contracting. Formal contracts must be written in a manner that allows for easy verification by any third party, therefore must be self-enforcing. (Ho?hn) The basis for relational contracts is self-enforcement, especially when relationships are finite. When relationships remain open-ended, the situation changes. Meaning, inclusion of extensions with information self-enforced provisions. When these changes happen, such contracts become self-enforced relational contracts. (Ho?hn) Thus, begins the ‘trust game’.… Continue Reading...

Statistical Significance and Meaningfulness Essay

predictor and response variables can be helpful in identifying patterns of behavior for whatever the subject is.  However, it does not do much good to lower significance thresholds in order to get that “statistically significant” label applied to the findings in order to sell them the way one might sell a can of peas to GMO-hating consumers by labeling the can “organic”.       The researcher of an exploratory study should focus more on explaining why the relationship is meaningful in this case and less on worrying about statistical significance.  Instead, of moving the threshold, look at why the… Continue Reading...

The Five Stages Of Team Development

that everyone gets to talk and receive support. The disruptive behavior that should be discouraged is self-centered behavior: once the listening session is completed, team members should focus on one another and ways they can help. Pete should do less finger-pointing and be more supportive with his words and actions. Jing must ask how she can help the team most with what little time she has left. Tanney must ask what she can do to help Mahonney prepare. Mahonney must ask what he can do to fill the gaps left by Jing and Tanney, as she deals with her… Continue Reading...

Palestine and the Jewish State

Palestine under Occupation: Reaching the ‘Other’ through Bearing Witness and Citizen Journalism Introduction The conflict in Palestine is largely portrayed in the mainstream media as a complex issue (Chomsky & Pappe, 2015). A theoretical reason for this portrayal of the conflict is rooted in what Robinson (2002) has described as the ‘CNN effect’—the special relationship that exists between the state and the media, which facilitates the construction of a narrative that supports the aims of the state, particularly when it comes to foreign intervention. Al-Ghazzi (2017) has described, for example, how CNN uses embedded reporting to foster a narrative supportive… Continue Reading...

Psychology Questionnaire

Part I 1. It seems like the more a person goes to church, the more they accept the idea of torture (Thistlethwaite, 2009).When looking at the Savior, Jesus, this is a religious figure demonstrating the virtue of forgiveness. Jesus did not condone violence even when Peter was arrested. Yet, how does the church allow such violence in approving of torture? Remmel’s “Personality and Politics” describes personality as involving “the investigation of individual differences, both differences across individuals and the manifestation of those differences within individuals. Certainly, such an approach holds a great deal of interest for political scientists studying the… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

street as the victims may rationalize or justify the behavior of the perpetrator, especially if the perpetrator is a loved-one such as a son or daughter, or if the victim senses that he or she really is a burden and deserves to be neglected. Baer, R. A. (2003).  Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2): 125-143. This study focuses on the role that mindfulness can play in helping care givers to be more in the moment, present, and able to provide quality care. It demonstrates that by teaching meditation practices or techniques… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

Abstract The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

Abstract The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding… Continue Reading...

Fake News Outline

THE ALLURE OF FAKE NEWS: Outline I. Introduction A. Thesis statement: Internet technologies enable the proliferation of fake news, and only education and awareness can curtail the influence fake news has on society. II. Body Paragraph A. Claim: Prior exposure to a fake news story makes a person more likely to believe in the veracity of the information. 1. Evidence: Just a one-time exposure to a fake news item on a social media platform like Facebook increases the likelihood that a person will believe the fake news story, with the effects lasting as long as a week (Pennycook, Cannon, &… Continue Reading...

Dressing for Success

Choosing the Right Professional Attire Part I I viewed pictures of people in various workplaces and their attire. The individuals all looked professional, though some were dressed more formally than others. For instance, the business professional was dressed in a suit and tie, while the IT professional wore jeans and his shirt untucked in the field. Setting has a lot to do with attire, but what made them all look professional was the fact that they never looked sloppy or unkempt. If I showed up as teacher in an old, crummy t-shirt with stains on it and holes in my… Continue Reading...

The Path-goal Theory and Practical Applications Essay

is based on pointing out the style of a leader, the behavior trait that fits the employee the best, and the environment of work, so as to achieve a given goal. The aim is to increase the motivation of your employees, satisfaction and empowerment. The outcome would then be higher productivity in the organization. The model is a reminder to the leaders that in order to influence those who follow them, they need to modify their behavior, based on the needs of their followers. They should also support subordinates to clarify the path towards the goals specified and back… Continue Reading...

False Advertising

to answer when crimes are committed and the public’s safety or security is threatened by the company’s reckless behavior and the CEO’s inability to address the recklessness. References Hallowell v. Citaramanis. (1991). Justia. Retrieved from https://law.justia.com/cases/maryland/court-of-special-appeals/1991/1060-september-term-1990-0.html United States v. Park. (2010). CaseBriefs. Retrieved from https://www.casebriefs.com/blog/law/criminal-law/criminal-law-keyed-to-kadish/group-criminality/united-states-v-park/   Continue Reading...

The Global Economic Crisis

are essentially unselfish acts. Thus, to assert that self-interest is the rational motivating force behind human behavior is to really not understand humanity: humans are just as capable of being self-destructive and irrational as they are of being rational and selfless. How this translates into economic issues can be seen in a number of ways. First, there is the Global Economic Crisis of 2008, which was spawned by the short-term self-interest of various players in the markets. Their short-term self-interest inevitably gave way to long-term woes. Some of these players collapsed under the weight of their folly, while others… Continue Reading...

Goldman Sachs Open System Theory

therefore follows that an organization’s structure as well as behavior is impacted upon by the permeating or surrounding environment. 2. How can open systems theory be used to understand an organization? As per the open systems theory, organizations are not autonomous (Daft, Murphy, and Willmott, 2010). Their operations do not take place outside the world we live in. For this reason, their structure ought to be cognizant of the environment in which they do business. This effectively means that deliberate measures ought to be undertaken to embrace opportunities and concerns unique to the organization under consideration. Week 2 Organization… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Knowledge in Math and Science

can be integrated in a particular fashion. Without consistency in behavior of numbers, basic algebra would be impossible and mathematics would have to be an entirely concrete and less useful discipline. The very notion of numbers itself, even on a simplistic level, reflects abstraction in terms of how physical entities are represented as either one, two, and so forth. Mathematics ensures that sets of numbers can be conceptualized and solved more easily than the painstaking need to represent everything. Even something like negative numbers, which cannot be physically rendered, can be conceptualized in abstractions, based upon an awareness of… Continue Reading...

Marketing B2b and B2c

selling B2B Vs B2C. Forbes. Retrieved September 8, 2018 from https://www.forbes.com/sites/chuckcohn/2015/06/16/differences-in-selling-b2b-vs-b2c/#78bc6fb34fb2 iResearch (2018) Consumer behavior studies: High involvement and low involvement buying. iResearch Services. Retrieved September 8, 2018 from https://www.iresearchservices.com/consumer-behavior-studies-high-involvement-versus-low-involvement-buying/ Linton, I. (2018) Differences between B2C, and B2B in business systems. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 8, 2018 from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/differences-between-b2c-b2b-business-systems-39922.html Radder, L. (2008) High involvement and low involvement products: A comparison of brand awareness among students at a South African University. Journal of Fashion Management and Marketing: An International Journal. Vol. 12 (2)   Continue Reading...

Biblical Issues Related to Community and Justice

According to Gorman (2015), the Bible consistently frames justice and right ethical behavior as a mandate, part of the covenant we have with God. Viewed in this way, justice is putting universal ethics into practice. We must speak our minds and call out injustice wherever we see it, in order to carry out God’s will. As a parish, we can work together to achieve larger ethical goals, which often seem insurmountable if we try to tackle them ourselves. How are factions in our parishes today both similar and different to the challenges the Corinthian Church faced? Factions create disunity… Continue Reading...

Film the Help Review

to why people subscribe to certain belief systems and behave in specific ways Customs—rules—dictates the rules of behavior and are grounded in historical applications  Arts—reflects the soul of a culture Family—transmitter (cultural players)—are the ones who transmit those values from one generation to the next, providing the newer members with access to the historically created solutions for effective living  • Culture vs Community Culture—system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning Community—a group of… Continue Reading...

Seinfeld Episode Native American

The Seinfeld “Native American” scene from Season 5, Episode 10 illustrates several sociological concepts. Like most episodes of Seinfeld, this one highlights Erving Goffman’s (1956) concept of embarrassment and social organization, as well as Goffman’s (1959) analysis of self-presentation and dramaturgy. In this scene, Jerry buys Elaine a “Cigar Store Indian,” a “kitchy” and darkly humorous relic from the past, from a time in which sensitivity to diversity, cross-cultural awareness, and political correctness were not yet normative. A “Cigar Store Indian” is a stereotypical representation of a Native American, and is understandably offensive especially to people from Native American backgrounds.… Continue Reading...

Chomsky Pinker Vs Whorf's Model

The Pinker vs. Sapir-Whorf debate is central to the study of linguistics and related areas like psycholinguistics and cognitive science. Most linguists can at least agree that humans have a “unique language capacity,” (Levinson 25). Yet the innate capacity to learn language is where the similarities between Pinker and Whorf end. Whereas Whorf radically transformed both cognitive science and linguistics by using empirical evidence to show how language shapes thought, Pinker has also been influential with a nativist, modular, and nativist understanding of human language development. Both theories have their strengths and weaknesses, but ultimately the Whorf-Sapir hypothesis remains far… Continue Reading...

Strategic Controls

Responses Week 1: One strategic control would obviously be the budget. The budget is one of the main strategic controls. The company determines its spending on R&D, new market entry, marketing for different products, and this spending is indicative of what the company's priorities are for the coming year. If there is no money for something, it is not a priority. If General Mills sees innovation as a pathway forward, it will spend on R&D. If it sees an acquisition as a key strategic pathway, it will put itself in a position to absorb a rival. Another major strategic control… Continue Reading...

Consider the Lobster Article

compelling examples and a combination of pathos, ethos, and logos to argue that boiling a lobster alive represents unethical behavior. Using logos, Wallace points out that the obsession with lobster is akin to the obsession with diamonds: it was simply a marketing technique designed to sell consumers on the idea of something luxurious. In fact, lobsters were considered “low-class food, eaten only by the poor and institutionalized,” (55). Bottom feeders and little more than “giant sea insects,” lobsters somehow became associated with luxury and considered a fine dining delicacy worldwide (Wallace 55). Later, Wallace also uses factual evidence to… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Peer Response

of balance, exhibiting a middle path approach to all ethical behavior. One should not go to extremes. Being imbalanced, intemperate, arrogant, or self-effacing can all impede one’s ability to experience eudaimonia, or happiness (Hursthouse, 2016). A virtuous person who exhibits balance in their comportment and attitudes towards others is one who flourishes in their life, and who inspires others do to the same. Therefore, it is important to always be a good person because virtuous characteristics are noticed by others, admired by others, and ultimately imitated by others. A person who is virtuous can create a better world by… Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics Responses

Husthouse, 2016). In fact, the more one exhibits virtuous behavior in their role as a parent, the more likely it is for the child to embody the same virtues. In this way, virtuous parenting reverberates through the generations and helps create a more virtuous society overall. Having personal experiences with a father who did not have a virtuous approach to parenting makes it easier to recognize the importance of strong moral character. When one is a parent, one is placed in a position whereby their actions have a profound impact on others, perhaps for the rest of their lives.… Continue Reading...

Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools

critical thinking in my life is with regards to both voting and consumer behavior. The choices I make at the polls are sometimes influenced by other people, and the same is true for my purchasing decisions. Critical thinking helps me to differentiate between my opinions and that of my peers or social group—what the authors refer to as intellectual autonomy. Applying these principles allows me to promote a more critical society. References Paul, R. & Elder, L. (2016). Critical Thinking: Concepts and Tools. Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

Stakeholders Research Project Introduction Preliminary stakeholder identification around any natural resource proves vital to carrying out meaningful trans- disciplinary researches with regard to managing that particular resource. Stakeholders may be defined as all players capable of impacting, or being impacted by, any action or decision (after Freeman 1984). Natural resource management research scholars (e.g. Grimble and Wellard 1997; Dougill et al. 2006; Ravnborg and Westermann 2002) constantly report that the inclusion of stakeholders in finding solutions facilitates mutual learning and negotiation, improves stakeholder buy- in and support of actions and decisions, and decreases conflict. Trans- disciplinary study strategies build on… Continue Reading...

Corruption Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This case illustrates several ethical issues including those related to social responsibility as well as to business transactions. A food and beverage shop has an ethical obligation to follow rules of food safety. If it is agreed that the rule related to the distance between the building and the trash dumpster is a reasonable one, then our company should comply with these rules even if it poses an inconvenience and requires us to reconfigure our locations. However, it is possible that the government arbitrarily set these distances. It would be in our company’s best interest to find empirical evidence suggesting… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Transaction and Transfer Donation

Philanthropy has been viewed as an ethical behavior stemming from moral virtue or moral duty. When philanthropic actions are conducted in exchange for what could be construed as personal gain, then what would be a moral act becomes a transactional or even selfish one. Donating money in exchange for some other gift, service, or benefit is not the same as selflessly bequeathing the same. “Pure philanthropy...is a transfer rather than a transaction in the sense that nothing is received in return,” (Keating, Pitts & Appel, 1981, p. 816).… Continue Reading...

Physiology Of Extraversion and Introversion Physiology

Research shows that some personality traits like introversion and extraversion have biological or physiological origins. Eysenck (1983) spearheaded much of the research on the physiology of introversion/extraversion, showing that introverts are essentially more aroused than extraverts. Gale (1983) and Stelmach (1990) have pointed out some methodological weaknesses in Eysenck’s work but generally the principle that extraverts can handle stimulation or distraction better than introverts has seemed to correspond to the differences in these temperaments. The results of these studies have tremendous implications for everything from classroom design to communications. For example, O’Connor, Gardiner & Watson (2016) found that introverts benefitted… Continue Reading...

Social Class Status in America Hierarchies

What are the purposes of determining to which social class a person or occupation belongs? How does class background, or current class position influence individual actions?  In creating a democratic form of government, Americans had long prided themselves for creating a radically new society divorced from the Old World social hierarchies. Yet social class stratification persisted in the United States since the birth of the nation. Social class has also intersected with gender and race throughout the history of the country. Class stratification serves several functions, not least of which is the ability of a ruling elite—including the owners of… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

Title: The title includes the precise identification of the problem; it contains the independent and dependent variables and target population. It must be clear, concise, and fully descriptive of the study. The recommended length is 12 words. The Difference Between Fourth Grade Boys and Girls Attitudes Toward Physical Education Abstract/Overview: The abstract summarizes the contents of the manuscript. The abstract should begin by broadly summarizing the problem and importance of the study in 2-3 sentences. The abstract should then clearly and concisely state the purpose of the study. Next, the abstract should contain a brief description of the target population,… Continue Reading...

Communication Apprehension in the Professional Setting

would like to be an example in this way for others by always demonstrating professional behavior whenever I am in the public view, whether that is in school or in the community. Standard 7: Professional Community for Teachers and Staff However, when it comes to developing a real community of colleagues, I am proficient. This standard focuses on having the ability to foster a spirit of community among teachers and staff so that students can be more successful (Professional Standards for Educational Leaders, 2015). I enjoy being there for my colleagues and passing on this concept of paying it… Continue Reading...

Students with Keratoconus Disease in Saudi Arabia

The Effect of Keratoconus Disease on the Education Levels among Students at Different Ages to Determine the Locations of Their Spread in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Introduction Keratoconus disease is a disorder in the curvature of the eyes. Keratoconus occurs when the cornea becomes thin and bulges like a cone, altering the focus of light rays, blurring and distorting the person’s vision, and making it difficult to do daily tasks such as reading. The disease is believed to be genetic and typical onset begins in the teens or early 20s and gradually worsens over a period of 10 to… Continue Reading...

Instructional Leadership and Educational Standards

and I would like to be an example in this way for others by always demonstrating professional behavior whenever I am in the public view, whether that is in school or in the community. Standard 7: Professional Community for Teachers and Staff However, when it comes to developing a real community of colleagues, I am proficient. This standard focuses on having the ability to foster a spirit of community among teachers and staff so that students can be more successful (Professional Standards for Educational Leaders, 2015). I enjoy being there for my colleagues and passing on this concept of… Continue Reading...

Why Elon Musk Must Go

in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational behavior, 2, 489-521 Hawkins, A. (2018). Tesla relied on too many robots. Retrieved from https://www.theverge.com/2018/4/13/17234296/tesla-model-3-robots-production-hell-elon-musk Hull, D. (2018). Tesla erupts in chaos after senior execs leave, Musk tokes up. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-07/tesla-chief-accounting-officer-leaves-citing-level-of-scrutiny Lambert, F. (2018). Tesla model S battery caught on fire without accident. Retrieved from https://electrek.co/2018/06/16/tesla-model-s-battery-fire-investigating/ Mahmood, M. (2015). Strategy, structure, and HRM policy orientation: Employee recruitment and selection practices in multinational subsidiaries. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 53(3), 331-350. Matousek, M. (2018). Elon Musk says he agrees that there are too many robots on the… Continue Reading...

Skills Required Of a Leader and Manager

comes in to play: social and emotional intelligence skills allow one to identify patterns of behavior and body expressions that convey information. Delegation is a skill in which one ensures that the right person is assigned to the right task. Time management is a skill in which events, activities, meetings, and so on are scheduled effectively and appropriately, as time is also a valuable resource that must be measured out and rationed. Team building is a skill in which one organizes members of a unit to work together and contribute to the achievement of a common aim by uniting… Continue Reading...

Becoming Gospel

Becoming gospel refers to putting scripture into action, but it means more than just practicing what one preaches. Becoming gospel means being “living exegesis,” in whatever way is most suitable to our particular socio-historical context (Gorman, 2015, p. 297). Ultimately, there are many ways to become Gospel and many involve personal sacrifice, and placing the interests of the community before the self. Becoming Gospel basically means that my life’s purpose is dedicated to fulfilling the mission of God, in everything I do. Some of the specific ways that I become Gospel include through my communications with others, endeavoring always to… Continue Reading...

Imperialism the Industrial Revolution and Management

style than an organization that is flat (Hawthorne, n.d.). Contingency theory can be applied to organizational behavior in general, but is less effective at showing how individual companies behave. Theory X and Theory Y, on the other hand, does apply to individual organizations. Theory X and Theory Y are based on employee motivation, a psychological characteristic (Hawthorne, n.d.). Theory X refers to a managerial style that is autocratic, based on the assumption workers are lazy and need extrinsic motivation. Theory Y, on the other hand, empowers the worker more through intrinsic motivation. Leaders can apply management theories to their… Continue Reading...

Employee Monitoring and Communication

a simple warning, especially given that the school had a policy on improper online behavior. It is instructive to note that not all social media guidelines by organizations are deemed legal (Miller, 2016). In the final analysis, Payne’s behavior was not improper. However, it could have been improper if Payne had shared posts promoting alcohol abuse, had posed in an inappropriate manner, or had habitually made use of expletives in random posts. References Miller, R.L. & Hollowell, W.E. (2016). Business Law: Texts and Exercise (8th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Miller, R.L. (2016). Business Law Today (11th ed.). Mason,… Continue Reading...

Diabetes Education and Prevention Health Promotion

on people’s ability to engage in self-initiated changes in behavior and in their environment. Type 2 diabetes is a lifestyle ailment for most individuals. Although the nurse can act as a teacher and a guide, it is the individual who is suffering from diabetes who must make decisions on a daily basis that will affect his or her life. Pender’s model is particularly useful for diabetes education because it does not focus on end-of-life-care and is not particularly abstract. It is designed to facilitate a teaching plan, which is the objective of this particular initiative. It is founded in… Continue Reading...

Promoting Physical Activity in the Community

Health Promotion and Dr. Green’s Precede-Proceed Model Introduction Using Dr. Green’s Precede-Proceed Model, the Healthy People 2020 objective of promoting physical activity can be developed into a strategy. The target population of this particular objective consists of adults at a behavioral health clinic located in a low income area. My plan is to execute a 7-week exercise class with health education to promote physical activity. The goal of the plan is to embed physical activity in the daily lives and routines of the adult clients at the clinic. This paper will examine the 7 phases of the Precede-Proceed Model and… Continue Reading...

Investment

Part 1 It is important to note, from the onset, that a lot has been said about efficient markets, behavioral finance, and investment strategy in the past. The approach Kevin Daly uses could be used to build a case against efficient markets whereby all there is to know about a firm’s value can be derived from the available information about the prevailing stock prices. This is more so the case given that he has been successful relying on a wide range of metrics, apart from current stock price, to identify opportunities. Like Daly, Kenneth French does not believe in efficient… Continue Reading...

Trial Evidence

Helen Jewett became the poster child for public outcry against what it defined as immoral behavior, and the case became the repository of prurient fears. Having constructed an image of a jezebel-type, a lewd and lascivious woman, the media contributed to further historiography on the case. Cohen points out that in reality, New York City denizens were “ambivalent” towards prostitution and less prudish than their counterparts in other parts of the nation might have been (p. 64). Women like Helen Jewett threatened the undermine a patriarchal social order that prevailed throughout the nation. She was an emblem of female… Continue Reading...

Alternative Sexuality in Mainstream Media

Alternative Sexuality in Mainstream Media Representations of transgender individuals have traditionally been highly stereotypical in mainstream media. According to Mocarski (et al. 2013), this is why the inclusion of Chaz Bono in the popular reality television show Dancing With the Stars was viewed as particularly radical, given that Bono is an openly transgender man. Bono participated in the competition as a male dancer, just like any other male involved in the show. But ballroom dance, the authors argue, is an inherently transgressive practice. On one hand, it reaffirms gender given that male and female roles are quite rigidly defined within… Continue Reading...

Organizational Leadership Styles and Approaches

Organizational Leadership Part 1 It is important to note, from the onset, that organizational culture can be a rather difficult concept to comprehend for most. This is more so the case given that it has got to do with the interactions between individuals in an organizational setting and how these interactions and behaviors are governed by the prevailing beliefs, values, as well as shared assumptions. In an attempt to help in the evaluation as well as assessment of the relevant organizational culture elements, Edgan Schein came up with a model that we could utilize to assess organizational leadership effectiveness. According… Continue Reading...

The Elderly and Dementia

was “to appraise the effectiveness of environmentbased interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in people with AD and related major NCDs” (Jensen & Padilla, 2017, p. 2). The researchers conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL and OTseeker. The search resulted in 1,854 sources, of which 154 were reviewed for the study based on inclusion criteria. The evidence was assessed thematically. Jensen and Padilla (2017) note that “studies were examined for similarities across participants, settings, interventions, and outcomes and were grouped into themes” (p. 3). The researchers examined level 1 studies, level 2 studies and… Continue Reading...

Preventing and Abolishing Elder Abuse a Systematic Research Proposal

this survey would seek to determine if they had any sense of what acceptable, versus unacceptable behavior was in this regard and if they had any history with behaviors or reactions to stress that they considered unacceptable or inappropriate. Leaders of the community and social welfare stakeholders would be given an interview that would be of a more open format. This format would seek to determine their ideas in general about the problem: how extensive they think the problem is, the main causes for the problem, the main risk factors for the problem, and the best solutions for the… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

wrong an action is, as against how right or wrong its effects or consequences are (Consequentialism) or the player’s behavior and traits (Virtue Ethics). Therefore, for deontologists, the decision on whether any given situation is bad or good is governed by whether its underlying action is wrong or right. In simpler terms, a choice is considered to be "right" if it conforms to an ethical norm: Right must be prioritized over good. If, for instance, an individual puts forward the idea that all life forms presently inhabiting the world but not supporting agriculture ought to be eliminated for ending… Continue Reading...

Research Methods for Sociologists

Sociological Perspective The sociological perspective is a perspective on how human activity and behavior relates to society. By looking at the relationship between individuals and social structures, the sociological perspective emerges as one that identifies functions, conflicts and interactions within society and among people. In other words, the sociological perspective allows researchers to see how people and society relate to one another, what connects them, what drives them, and what shapes their evolution. There are many different ways in which researchers can study people and society. The methods used by sociologist to study society include… Continue Reading...

Stress Management

mechanisms, and how these tie to enhanced organizational performance. Hellriegel and Slocum (2008), two organizational behavior experts, are of the opinion that stress has behavioral, emotional, and psychological impacts and could affect the ability of an individual to perform optimally. I will make use of authoritative sources such as these to lend support to my argument. Ethos, on the other hand, has got to do with the enhancement of personal credibility (Shabo). On this front, I will be seeking to present a balanced argument. This will do away with any claim of bias. In that regard, therefore, I will… Continue Reading...

Psychology and Sociology Gender Inequality

straightforward. Basic behaviorism shows how rewards and punishments guide human behavior. When a person, and especially a child, is rewarded with attention, admiration, and other shows of respect, they will repeat that behavior. On the other hand, any behavior that elicits a negative or undesirable response will be diminished. It takes a strong character to subvert gender norms. Thankfully, the society is starting to change whereby gender non-conformity is becoming more normative. We still have a long way to go before becoming a gender-neutral society, though. I still notice that women are treated differently from men: a slightly condescending… Continue Reading...

The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

Who Walk Away from Omelas,” Ursula Le Guin draws attention to the different ethical frameworks that guide human behavior. The title does draw attention to those who walk away, those who believe that there must be something better out there. Because there is no way of knowing whether those who leave do actually find anything better, it can only be inferred based on their not returning that there is nothing better than Omelas. Choosing to remain is actually more courageous than leaving, because it calls upon the individual to perpetually grapple with moral ambiguity: the deepest challenge and most… Continue Reading...

Genre Theory

and loyalty create different and equally as important ethical frameworks than the prevailing norms of behavior and criminality in the dominant culture. For example, the opening scene shows the Don Corleone seated in his position of power telling the petitioner that he will not do him a favor because he has failed to show himself to be a true friend of the family (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i96VS_z8y7g). Mis-en-Scene Mis-en-scene refers to the entire visual array on screen in any given scene in the film. When viewing a cinematic masterpiece like Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey, paying attention to mis-en-scene helps deepen… Continue Reading...

Black Comedians and Racism in Society

the best medicine.” As Schaefer points out in Chapter 9, “inequality is a significant determinant of human behavior” (slide 4). This is relevant to what makes black comedians helpful in the process of amalgamation because they highlight the inequalities and show exactly what it is that makes us different. Rock in his comedy, for example, highlights his fear of young white students because he doesn’t want to get shot by a “crazy” kid. Implicit in this comedy is the idea that black kids are different from white kids (black kids would be playing basketball not dressing up in trench coats… Continue Reading...

The Glass Ceiling Effect

his female costar and the cameras were on him, he was on his best behavior, knowing that when you are in the spotlight you have to behave a certain way that is acceptable to the public. For a woman who wants to lead, there is less of a sense of leeway in society: she is not allowed to have these private moments wherein she engages in this type of talk or candor, unless she is of a particular type of person who, like Trump, simply does not really care about the rules. When it comes to electing a president,… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shadow Experience

2005). It is prudent to consider corporate culture in all areas, as it offers insights into workforce and leadership behavior (Hawkins & Vialet 2012). Organizational culture may be defined as lasting organizational values and beliefs, in addition to workforce beliefs and their efforts’ predicted value, which will impact their conduct and attitude (Gaydos et.al 2005). Typically, administrators adapt their leadership style to organizational mission, which could impact personnel job satisfaction. Hence, it is vital to gain a better understanding of the link between institutional culture, personnel job satisfaction and leadership behavior (Hopkins et.al 2017). It is easy to question why… Continue Reading...

How Scientific Research Works

Response to "The Structure of Scientific Revolutions” by Thomas Kuhn How the Reading Has Affected What I Believe about the Nature of Science and What It Can Tell Us about the World Science has always been a part of the world: people from the beginning of time have asked questions about nature and the world—and they have based their answers on evidence. Discovering laws or formulating theories is part of the process of science. But so too is something like building or designing or doing mathematics or making a work of art. The science of architecture, or the science of… Continue Reading...

Recruiting Candidates and Interview Types

testing is likewise controversial. These tests “have been validated against very different criteria—theft, faking credentials, ‘counter-productive’ behavior, etc.—and they do tend to produce rather different results. Working on company time or taking long lunch breaks is called ‘time theft,’” (Furnham, 2015, par.9). The lack of standardization of these tests designed to measure honesty likewise makes them questionable as an instrument to screen out dishonest candidates. Of course, arguably instruments such as drug testing are a kind of integrity test and have biological validity, although they too have been challenged in the court system. References Cherry, K. (2018). The big… Continue Reading...

Statistical Data Usage in Criminal Justice Leadership

and what percentages of crimes involve specific types of behavior and where they are occurring. Statistical data helps leaders to see patterns over time and to base decision making when creating policies on the patterns that emerge. An alternative to the UCR is the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS), which also supports policy making. As Sibley (2015) shows: · Using the NIBRS, legislators, municipal planners/administrators, academicians, sociologists, and the public will have access to more comprehensive crime information than the traditional summary reporting system can provide.? · NIBRS produces more detailed, accurate, and meaningful data than the summary reporting system.… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

pharmacological intervention. They can suffer from depression, isolation, withdrawal, anti-social behavior, substance abuse disorders, and suicide ideation (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2015). They also routinely suffer from a lack of access to care as many veterans avoid reporting their symptoms because of the military culture around them: they fear being perceived as weak or lacking the strength to cope with traumatic situations. The military is an environment in which strength is constantly promoted, so to confess to a doctor that one is suffering from a traumatic experience is almost to seem like it is going against the code of… Continue Reading...

Education and Leadership in Perioperative Nursing

promotion. (Xu, 2017) Transformational leadership is also a sure way of positively influencing the behavior of the student. Through it the student will improve his commitment to the organization, which is a prerequisite for achievement of any organization’s objectives. Lee & Fitzgerald, (2008) and Read & Betancourt (2016 ) propose the following strategies to be employed by a nursing educator in promoting leadership skills in the student nurses: 1. Underrepresented students should be included in programs that: · Cultivate self-efficacy · Include vast experiences in the nursing field · Provide role models who treasure the role of nurses in… Continue Reading...

Unhealthy Behavior Drinking Inadequate Water

for sensitive activities such as driving. The Physiology and behavior journal recently published a study, stating that dehydrated drivers are twice likely to make errors while driving, as compared to well watered drivers. Thus dehydration can be equated to drunk driving. (Simpson, & Mazzeo 2017) Health campaigns have successfully made many people aware of the health hazards of soda, but these same people are not aware of the health hazards of fruit juice. Thus people in many developed nations have over-consumed fruit juice, leading to high rates of obesity, high blood pressure, fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes.… Continue Reading...

The Economics Of Fossil Fuels

Economics of Energy and Fossil Fuels 1. A scratch-off card has no actual revenue collection mechanism that I can think of . Using them to tell somebody how much they have to pay also makes little sense. Both company and client would prefer to have certainty over the monthly billing. 2. Poland and Czech Republic have expressed concerns about Germany's decision to power down its nuclear plants. They had initially felt upbeat about the idea of selling more power to Germany as that country becomes a net importer. However, these concerns were matched by concerns that Germans would be willing… Continue Reading...

Training Transfer and Human Resources Theory

Theory-based information can help organizations to ascertain the most appropriate training and development programs for their employees. In fact, theory-based information helps human resources managers to structure training and development for specific groups of people. The most relevant theories include those that are related to learning, and those that are related to social relations and identity construction. Learning theories can be based on basic behaviorism, including patterns of reward and punishment that can be used to motivate specific behaviors and discourage undesirable behaviors that detract from inter-group harmony (Duggan, n.d.). However, cognitive theories of learning can be even more helpful… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Based on Film Dead Man Walking

changes to American society. Uprooting the causes of criminal behavior, making it so that misogyny, white supremacy, and general hatred and suspicion are not tolerated in any way at any level of the society would help prevent the enabling of people like Poncelet. There will always be bad seeds, individuals who are incapable of reform or rehabilitation. Incarceration does remain the best option in those extreme cases.   Continue Reading...

Social Norms Conflict and Its Impact on Schooling

communication forms and bargains. Norms ensure that there is uniformity in people’s behavior in a particular social group but frequently vary significantly between groups. Changes occur to norms over time. Such changes may be triggered by changes in circumstances or by subjectivity in the way people view life and the general expectations. The intricacies of the process can be tailored along the evolutionary game theory which highlights that there are norms that are more stable than others over the long term (Hechter and Opp4). In some situations, norms tend to come into conflict with interests at both group and… Continue Reading...

Classrooms Stem and Steam Implementation

& Swagerty, 2014; Kurt & Pehlivan, 2013) Theories of Learning Cognitivism Every behavior exhibited by any human is backed up by some underlying thought process. This is basically what the theory of cognitivism states. The theory has it that humans normally process any kind of information they receive before acting. Human beings do not just subconsciously respond to stimuli. The cognitivism theory likens the learner’s mind to a mirror, from where he can reflect new ideas. The learner will normally seek to understand how the information he receives affects him. This is best done by comparing the new information with what is… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams Place in Organizations

Virtual Teams in Organization Research Questions The fundamental research question is to examine the deliberations, advantages, and disadvantages of virtual teams in organizations. Deliberations in this regard take into account a question on the manner in which members of virtual teams deem altering their activities and behaviors so as to operate efficaciously. The fundamental research question is followed by sub-research questions: 1. What are the most idea practices and implements employed in virtual teams? 2. Which competencies and skills support effective work in virtual teams? 3. What is the role of communication and reliance within virtual teams and how can… Continue Reading...

Overseas Marketing and Emotional Intelligence

thoughts and behaviors of the individuals being studied. With the knowledge of the behavior and emotions of a given population, psychologists can guide the marketing department on the vital aspects of capturing the market, the how and the what the population may buy into. Indeed, most if not all of the marketing strategies are a matter of buying into the emotions of the people. The article hitherto, basing on the research indicates that among Pakistan university students, there is a difference in EI between the two genders, with the females expressing higher emotional intelligence. The same results indicate that… Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Toxic Leadership on Unit

as appropriate comportment. As a result of modeling their own behavior after that of their leaders, unit members also develop a self-centered approach to their work, detracting from the group cohesion that is necessary under many military circumstances. Furthermore, a toxic climate within a unit will also lead to the loss of the top performing service members (Sadulski, 2018). Because of the ways toxic leadership can seriously undermine the goals of military performance, senior officers should do as much as possible to identify and retrain leaders currently exhibiting toxic leadership traits. Toxic leadership a also has a strong bearing… Continue Reading...

Psychology Phenomenology Descriptive Qualitative Methods

to define by what it is not: it is not about using the scientific method to study human behavior, and it is not about studying personality or psychoses. Rather, phenomenological psychology is about understanding the nature of reality itself, through an evaluation of both individual and collective human psychological experience. Husserl set forth principles for ontology in psychology as well as epistemology, which can be especially useful when studying the divergent experiences of those with psychotic disorders like schizophrenia, whose sense of reality is radically different from their peers and yet theoretically no less “real,” (Wertz, 2005). Besides Husserl,… Continue Reading...

Gender Bias and Sexual Harassment in Schools

addressing sexual harassment because they fail to uncover and deal with the underlying issues that are triggering the violent behavior. To cultivate the values of social justice, educators need to create a culture of peace in their communities, beginning with their organizations (Reardon, 2001). A culture of peace ensures that sexual harassment is non-normative, and is socially sanctioned in ways that promote social justice and emotional intelligence. Sexual harassment can also be understood in part a product of unhealthy male socialization and unrealistic “myths of masculinity,” which may be insufficiently challenged in the educational institution (Reardon, 2001, p. 173).… Continue Reading...

Peer Responses on Different Subjects

difficult to reason with her, given that her patterns of behavior and communication may be ingrained. Reply to Steven You are being very generous in your analysis because it seems that your friend handled the situation poorly. There was no reason for her to put it so rudely, saying “I cannot waste my paid time off for something like this.” If that is how she felt, she should have declined your request in the first place. If she changed her mind, she should have been more conciliatory and kind, offering perhaps to find another friend who could help. Continue Reading...

How Logic and Reason Help Us Make Better Communicators

with how I spend money. Marketers are expert at capitalizing on logical fallacies, persuading consumers to change their behavior in ways that are irrational. By recognizing logical fallacies in marketing, I can become a more informed and more intelligent consumer. Likewise, I can become a more critical thinker when reading news articles and refrain from buying into fallacious arguments. I can see how statistics can be misleading, and yet also know that quantitative data is ultimately more reliable than anecdotal evidence or appeals to authority. Using logical reasoning is easier in written than in oral communications because of the… Continue Reading...

Clinical Interviewing Skills and Techniques in Social Work

“sticking to what she says” when it comes to her daughter, as the child’s behavior could get worse over time. Another major clinical detail that is revealed is that Ms. Smith’s ex-boyfriend has been given to violence, and has even made threats against their cat. We learn more about Ms. Smith’s familial background and that her family members, such as her grandmother and aunt help her financially. The social worker also goes through some things she can do to prepare for the birth of her twins, such as practical things like buying a bassinette. Furthermore, they discuss how to… Continue Reading...

Public Health Models and Sdoh in Childhood Obesity

is regarded as one of the oldest or conventional health behavior theories that is used in health education and health promotion. Hayden (2013) states that the Health Belief Model was developed in the 1950s as a tool for explaining the ineffectiveness of medical screening programs provided by the U.S. Public Health Service. The underlying concept behind the Health Belief Model is that health behavior is influenced by personal beliefs or perceptions regarding a disease and strategies adopted to mitigate its impacts and prevalence. Personal perceptions or beliefs are influenced by a series of intrapersonal factors that in turn affect… Continue Reading...

Synopsis Qualitative Studies Of Emotional Intelligence

for it provides for the opportunity to be able to improve on one's behavior in order to adjust to an environmental or in order to achieve any set intentions. Moreover, Emotional intelligence can define the performance of an individual academically, just as can be Intelligence Quotient since they are very closely linked. Emotions of an individual can affect the performance of individuals even at the workplace. Thus, it is key for an employer of a leader to ensure that they have the ability to discern the emotions of their employees or the emotions of other employees lower than them… Continue Reading...

The Meaning Of Peace and How to Be Peaceful

1. The organization Ceeds of Peace exemplifies a teambuilding, collaborative approach that highlights the importance of building bridges and working together. Peace is certainly something that does start within, from adopting a peaceful attitude that involves giving others the benefit of the doubt, keeping an open mind, and having compassion. However, inner peace is only meaningful insofar as it leads to behavioral change. Peace ultimately requires taking action in the world. The issues in my life that can be addressed more peacefully include mainly those that involve interpersonal conflict. When my emotions get involved, or when my ego is bruised,… Continue Reading...

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods

Consider how qualitative and quantitative research methods complement one another, and consider the role of mixed methods designs. Quantitative and qualitative social science study techniques have, for long, remained discrete, barely overlapping, spheres. But, of late, innovations have shed light on quantitative and qualitative techniques’ complementarity (Maxwell, 1998). Complementarily employing both methods offers broader understandings besides facilitating research findings’ confirmation or triangulation using different techniques, thus improving overall result validity and making the research more useful for targeted entities. However, the quest for genuinely complementary research techniques is also a greatly challenging task as it implies extra expenses, in terms… Continue Reading...

How Teachers Can Develop Professionally

R., Stetson, E., Sinclair, B., & Nix, K. (2012). Home visits: Teacher reflections about relationships, student behavior, and achievement. Issues in Teacher Education, 21(1), 21. Part II Post I Response to Ray A culture of collaboration is really one of the most important things that a school and the professional educators in that school can do to ensure that students obtain the support they need to meet their knowledge acquisition goals. As Van Brummelen (2002) points out, collaboration is not just something that professionals do, however; it is also something that individuals do spiritually speaking when the collaborate with the ultimate creative… Continue Reading...

Nursing Evidence Based Practice Research

The Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Evidence-based practice is a cornerstone of effective patient care (Mateo & Kirchhoff, 2009). The robustness of any existing body of evidence is only as useful as the ability of advance practice nurses to access, retrieve, and implement that knowledge in the practice environment. Therefore, nurses need systematic and comprehensive strategies for making information available to colleagues. Nurses also need their administrators to invest in the latest tools and technologies that promote evidence-based practice including networks and information systems. Policies and procedures should not only uphold the tenets of evidence-based practice but also make it easier… Continue Reading...

How to Store Prescription Drugs Safety

based on the complex interplay between assumptions, perceptions of threat, barriers to adopting a desirable behavior like safe storage, and self-efficacy. Based on this theoretical framework, the authors designed a survey that also serves as a follow-up of a previous survey the same researchers administered to a nationwide cohort. Whereas the previous study did not focus on households with children, this study does—providing special insight into how having children in the house can alter perceptions of safety or health-related behaviors. Ironically, having children was not shown to be significantly correlated with safer storage practices, with implications for public health… Continue Reading...

Sexuality Feminism and Advertising

bottle, sex selling beer—just as Bernays figured it would. Sex is the motivating force of human behavior, Freud taught. While there are other forces no doubt, sex is still a powerful one. The fact that gender is still depicted according to this idea in ads suggests that ideology is only something that people talk about. When it comes to consumption and to actually spending dollars, men are still lured by women and by ideas of being the leader and the most important thing. Ads seem to say that men are what matter most. However, there is an argument that… Continue Reading...

Two Definitions Of Moralism

belief that the Gospel can be reduced to improvements in behavior.” To better understand what moralism is, let’s define the term by way of example. For example, let’s say you have taken a piece of chalk and drawn a straight line down the road to the ice cream store—which just so happens to be where everyone on your ball team wants to be. The only problem is they don’t know how to get there. You do—and since you aren’t good at explaining things, you’ve taken out your piece of chalk, told the team to wait there and while they… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence on Teamwork

Statement of the Problem The relevance of teamwork cannot be overstated in the conduct of today’s business. This is more so the case given the synergy teamwork brings about and its role towards the further enhancement of efficiency and productivity. However, for teams to function optimally and for the benefits of team work to be realized, teams ought to be emotionally intelligent. This is to say that members ought to be aware of not only their behaviors and emotions, but also those of others and how they impact team performance. With virtual teams becoming even more commonplace in a world… Continue Reading...

Purpose Statement Virtual Teams Study

Purpose Statement The present study seeks to assess and evaluate emotional intelligence in virtual teams and how it impacts team performance. The target population will comprise of employees of companies with operations in the United States, Europe, and Africa, and who have virtual teams working in collaboration to accomplish various organizational goals and objectives. This population is appropriate for a study of this nature because by virtue of being dispersed, “physical contact in virtual teams is reduced or lacking altogether which means that collaboration is enabled by IT-solutions such as computer based communication” which essentially implies “opportunities as well as… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Lead Exposures Among Children Under 12 Years Of Age

develop various faculties of their body including the brain, physical strength, body organ development, and behavior. The potential exposure to negative health affect will compromise their growth and development and thus limit their attainment of ideal optimal maturity. There is need therefore to establish whether there are any effects of indoor Lead exposures to children under the age of 12 years and assess the ideal remedies. This study aims to determine the effect of indoor Lead exposure to children under the age of 12 years and assess the ideal remedies. Hypotheses H1: Children are not at risk of being… Continue Reading...

Pharmacotherapy for Hematologic Disorders Cancer

impacted upon by various factors. This text assesses the impact of behavior on radiation therapy. To optimize the good and beneficial outcomes of this cancer treatment option, a person ought to adapt special diet tendencies. As the National Cancer Institute (2018) points out, during radiation therapy, the patient’s body uses up a lot of energy. Towards this end, therefore, the relevance of ingesting foods with high calorie and protein content cannot be overstated. The National Cancer Institute points out that this is particularly importance so as not to lose a lot of weight in the course of treatment. Adopting… Continue Reading...

Research Design Issues in Education Dual Credit

The Challenges of Dual Credit: A Research Proposal Problem Statements Dual credit or dual enrollment programs “are designed to boost college access and degree attainment, especially for students typically underrepresented in higher education,” (United States Department of Education, 2017, p. 1). With this lofty goal set, it should seem that dual credit programs would be reducing the educational achievement gap. After all, dual credit programs by definition allow all students the opportunity to potentially shorten the amount of time they spend in college, thereby reducing their tuition fees that enable the completion of a degree program. Yet recent research shows… Continue Reading...

Cancer Women’s and Men’s Health

The factors selected for this paper are age and behavior. In accordance to Cancer.Net (2017), girls that are younger than the age of 15 years old hardly develop cervical cancer. The risk of developing the illness goes up between the late years of teenage hood and mid-30s. In addition, women that are aged 40 yeaars and above continue to be at risk and it is necessary for them to go on having screenings for cervical cancer on a regular basis, which comprise of HPV tests and Pap tests. The second factor is behavior of the individuals. To begin with,… Continue Reading...

Link Between Gender and Culture

eager to get recognized and accepted. The urge to be accepted would indeed change my behavior and life especially bearing in mind that gender authoring is yet to become a social norm. In summary, gender is a fundamental social construct that defines human interactions. Although gender authoring is possible it negates the fundamental principles that define human perception and normative conditions of life. Works Cited Butler, Judith. Undoing Gender. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print. Woolf, Virginia. Shakespeare's Sister. New York: Perfection Learning Corporation, 2000. Print. Horney, Karen. The distrust between the sexes. n.d. Curland, Martin. Zerophilia. Directed and written by… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddler Development

Integrating the Field of Developmental Psychology: A Review of the Literature Developmental Stage/Age Group: Infancy and toddlerhood (0 - 3 years) In the development stage of infancy to toddlerhood, the child is changing and responding to its environment and social setting. As Levinson (1986) notes, the home is the child’s immediate social and physical environment. The mother tends to be the child’s source of security and the child grows in confidence through connection to the mother. Between the ages of one and two the child is like a “young scientist,” according to Piaget in the sense that the child explores… Continue Reading...

Group Leadership and Formation

to be productive, personally satisfied and committed to one another. However, we all had our own behavior types, too, as Schermerhorn (2014) notes all teams have: there was I, trying to be the helper and failing because the group still needed to air its issues before it could begin clicking. There was Bishop trying to take charge and force the group to get it together. There was Carlos who was the objective thinker, whose objectivism, however, was like a rain cloud. Had our leader been a little less emotionally perturbed about his own situation and a little more skillful… Continue Reading...

Reading and the Achievement Gap

Diagnosing the Problem As Palardy (2015) shows, first grade is where the achievement gap begins to develop among students. Ferrer et al. (2015) show that the achievement gap begins in first grade and persists well into adolescence: in order to address the achievement gap, the best step is to take preventive measures. This action research study plans to address the problem of the achievement gap by getting first graders to focus on reading and get them interested in reading by following the recommendation of Moses and Kelly (2018), which is to condition young learners to love reading by continuously promoting… Continue Reading...

Management in a School System

Evaluation of Decision to Close and Closure Process It seems as though FBPS was trying to fulfill the more popular of the Six PESTEL factors, technology. The launch of its International Baccalaureate Programs seemed promising; however, it came at the worst possible economic time. The US economic recession of 2005 took toll on not only the FBPS campuses but other reputable schools surrounding it. This indication quickly started impacting the FBPS organization. The closure of several schools and the announcement of others not continuing with certain academics. The fact that only two campuses would remain open—the Richmond and the North… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

through the application of beliefs or ideas that the individual thinks would explain behavior. Understanding how different individuals are likely to apply attribution is crucial to determining which jurors would help or harm the prosecution or defense’s case, and so a psychologist will also make recommendations based on the assessment of this theory. 2 One common ethical obligation or issue facing psychologists in law enforcement is the whether profiling is a professional and ethical approach to law enforcement (Wilson, Lincoln & Kocsis, 1997). In corrections, the issue facing psychologists is whether facilities should be used as a form of… Continue Reading...

Dynamic Network Theory Article on Psychology

be applied to numerous practical or clinical settings including organizational-industrial behavior or even information science. The dynamic network theory orientation also sheds light on numerous types of social networks and organizations, illuminating both individual and collective behavior. Although not an experimental research or a meta-analysis, the study does direct psychologists and researchers toward potentially fruitful areas of investigation. The authors explain dynamic network theory in depth, centering their attention on the importance of emotional responses in social networks, and then outline the most important roles social networks fulfill in human behavior. Dynamic network theory posits eight social network roles,… Continue Reading...

Course Learnings

large bodies of literature on organizational change, sociologists study group behavior, and of course there's an entire body of scholarly literature from the education field that I can work with. So I feel that there is a lot of opportunity to work with these three areas of speciality. Being exposed to these concepts has given me an appreciation of a couple of different things. One is just how much they matter in education administration. I don't know if I fully appreciated before how important these ideas were in the performance of the role of an education administrator. That's one… Continue Reading...

International Management

build vehicles that appeal to particular psychographics, if those groups are large enough. The final segment is behavior, which can be different from psychographic. An example of this might be a crossword or Sudoku book. The behavior of the purchaser is to typically buy on impulse, so these books are sold adjacent to the checkout at the grocery store, or in airports and train stations – the product only appeals to people working off of certain behavioral cues, and that makes a big difference in the marketing of the product. 2. The first major segmentation that is required in Europe… Continue Reading...

Lgbt Youth Social Ecology and Homeless

Social Ecology and Homeless LGBT Youth The ecosystem is a basic well-structured and organized unit that facilitates the bringing together of the physical environment and the living organisms in a single framework. As a result, this makes it possible to study the interrelations between biotic and abiotic constituents. Social ecology takes into account the application of manifold levels and techniques of analysis and theoretical standpoints of social problems, acknowledging the dynamic and active nature of human-environment interrelations and the social, cultural, historical and institutional contexts of people’s lives. One of the fundamental principles of ecology is to identify a phenomenon… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

the policy, environmental, and individual level factors that impact behavior and outcomes. Target Population: Obesity and Adults in West Virginia The rates of obesity and overweightness amongst children and adults in the United States have risen more than threefold in the past 30 years. West Virginia has a population of more than 1.8 million people. In accordance to data from a recent survey conducted by Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the rate of obesity amongst adults in the United States presently surpasses 35 percent in 7 states, 30 percent in 29 different states and 25 percent in 48 states.… Continue Reading...

Psychology Statistics T Test and Multiple Regressions

1. If I were designing my research study in the field of psychology, I would most likely use a t-test as the method of data analysis. A t-test is best used when the researcher wants to determine deviations from a normal distribution curve. If there are one or more normal distributions (bell curves), t he researcher can compare the two groups using the t-test method. The variances do not need to be known to perform a t-test either, which is another reason why I would select this method of data analysis in my particular research question. Furthermore, the researcher can… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

Race, class, gender, ethnicity, and religion are all variables that impact a person’s identity, worldview, communication style, and behaviors. Applying the sociological imagination to the workplace environment enables a greater understanding of how these factors impact daily interactions and events, with the goals of promoting harmony and resolving conflict. Being aware of race, gender, and religion has helped me function better in teams. The times that I neglected to recognize race, religion, and gender taught me valuable lessons and helped me to become more emotionally and socially intelligent. Race, gender, and religion are all socially constructed variables rather than being… Continue Reading...

Corporate Greed Firms Secretly Collecting and Selling Information About Your Online Behavior

Companies secretly collecting and selling information about your online behavior The large-scale information collection, information sale, and free access to sensitive, private information, accompanied by inadequate regulatory controls, leaves much room for misuse. Those who desire to limit access to their personal details find themselves with scant options as, in a majority of instances, parties that collect data are able to categorize, store, and sell free or captured information without the consent of the concerned individual. Even in instances where information is voluntarily given to social networking or e-shopping websites, web users… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

be branded as criminals rather than address the root causes of criminal behavior. Therefore, the coping mechanisms used to mitigate the deeply damaging problems of systemic poverty are complex and interconnected. Hopelessness and despair are social and psychological precursors to antisocial and violent behaviors: a sense that nothing matters and nothing works. Some people simply lower their expectations gradually, until they tolerate intolerable living conditions. As living conditions deteriorate, the person also learns from experience that complaining to the landlord leads to potentially disastrous consequences. Getting on the landlord’s bad side could lead to sudden evictions at short notice… Continue Reading...

Reducing Patient Falls

power in actually making the necessary changes to administrative design and organizational behavior. Yet patient perceptions can lead to problems like malpractice suits or loss of revenue over time, making patients and their families more powerful and influential over the long run. Likewise, the media and public relations strategies show how external stakeholders can wield indirect power on the healthcare organization. Explanation of Project The purpose of this project is to reduce falls and the risk factors associated with falls within this hospital. To address the root causes of preventable falls, the project will focus on leadership, communications, safety… Continue Reading...

Bill Gates As an Ethical Leader

followed by pinpointing his vision that elimination of inequality could help improve our world. Gates brought his behavior in line with this vision, in addition to explicitly articulating this vision by managing and focusing his resources, energy and time towards making our world a better place – he established a family charitable foundation to better aid his philanthropic efforts (Culcchuttant, 2016). Vice: Ruthless For long, Gates has remained one among the most polarizing personalities of the United States, with his products’ popularity typically overshadowed by the immensely ruthless competitive business strategies he adopted. An exceptional businessman, though occasionally an… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Christian Faith

Defining the Christian Faith Introduction When defining the Christian Faith, one must focus on three aspects of that faith: 1) the cognitive, 2) the relational, and 3) the behavioral. The Christian Faith is based upon a cognitive process—i.e., a determination in the mind to accept the doctrines of the Christian Church, which primarily teach that Jesus Christ is God and that the salvation comes by way of Christ and His Church. Next, the Faith is based upon the trust that the individual has in God according to the doctrines he has received: believing what he believes, he trusts God to… Continue Reading...

Followership in the Army Servant Leadership

Outline I. Introduction with thesis statement: Servant leaders and their followers are two sides of the same coin, as both followership and servant leadership require a dedication to shared values and goals. II. Topic 1 sentence: Unlike the concept of followership, servant leadership is ultimately about making strong decisions with vision and foresight. Subtopic 1: Within the framework of servant leadership, followers offer input and feedback but are not responsible for making important decisions. Subtopic 2: Servant leaders are entrusted with the power of foresight, but do rely on followers for ideas and alternative points of view. Subtopic 3: While… Continue Reading...

Unit Of Analysis in a Research Project

high addiction rates there; the point being, only campus-level information cannot help us gain insights into individual enrollee behavior and making such conclusions on students when the information collected pertains to campuses gives rise to ecological fallacy risks (Open Textbooks, 2016). The second potential error is reductionism, which occurs if one makes claims regarding a higher-level UoI on the basis of information from a lower-level UoI. In such an instance, macro- or group-level claims are made on the basis of individual-level information (Open Textbooks, 2016). This study utilizes pupils from two separate campuses as UoIs. Sample Size and Statistical… Continue Reading...

Identifying Goals in Education

the field of health psychology I want to explore further are the psychological theory of behavior modification and the transcultural approach to care. Through understanding all the psychological factors (which can be internal and external) that impact a person’s health, a health psychologist can better work with other care providers and with the patient to provide quality care. I am also open to exploring any other theories and principles that are introduced in this course—after all, I am here to learn as much as possible. I see myself contributing to the field of health psychology in many different ways.… Continue Reading...

Security Training and Management

help forestall eventual problems which could result from miscommunication, inappropriate behavior and comments, or even from harassment. It is essential to set a clear, professional tone from the outset. T-group training may also be used to forestall or deal with legal issues which may arise regarding discrimination. Managers may wish to show the company is making a good faith effort to protect members of historically discriminated-against groups. It can also be useful to leverage the diversity of the workplace, and to ensure that a minimum number of problems occur, if employees have different cultural reference points and ways of… Continue Reading...

Roger Ailes Fox News

Introduction Organizations select brand ambassadors as the ‘face’ of their company or brand. The ideal candidate for playing such a role is a community tastemaker who plans on taking advantage of established relationships and community networks for marketing the brand through word of mouth. A company’s ‘face’ represents the company at particular events in which he/ she distributes sample products or carries out product demonstrations. Brand ambassadors are passionate, sociable persons who enjoy significant social media presence accompanied by a large- or at least mid- sized network. They already approve of and have adequate knowledge about the brand they represent.… Continue Reading...

Leadership in the Army

it hard for anyone in a position of power to get away with unethical behavior for long. Ethics in leadership also coincide with the willingness to speak out against injustice, and the initiative to make changes, however small, that lead to positive outcomes for the organization as a whole. The Army has changed, and continues to change, albeit slowly, becoming more inclusive and welcoming of diversity. These are important issues in leadership because of the way diversity can promote critical thinking within Army units and enable creative solutions to problems. When interpersonal conflicts arise within a team, a leader… Continue Reading...

Berg Versus Allied Security Inc

environment (Kinney at al. 376–402). According to Kinney et al., the CAPTED concept is an essential link between human behavior and the design of the environment. The ability to comprehend the link will make the security system planner have the capability to utilize environmental factors for the purpose of minimizing crime, loss and enhance productivity. Essentially the design of buildings and their construction can impact the level of crime such a place perpetrates. By applying the CPTED principles facilities can enjoy lesser crime and become safer. CPTED strategies include natural surveillance, access control, and territorial reinforcement (Fennelly and Crowe… Continue Reading...

Hollywood College Admissions Cheating Scheme Essay

at home.  They are the ones who set the example for behavior.  The problems in the world start and stop with the home life.  Parents need to step up and figure out what they can do to help their kids do better. Titles Taking the “Side Door” into America’s Elite Colleges The 2019 College Admissions Scandal How Rich Parents Cheated So Their Kids Could Go To School Hollywood Parents Bribe Their Kids’ Way into Top-Tier Universities Outline I.  Introduction II.  Body      a.  The Big Names      b.  How It Was Done      c.  Causes and… Continue Reading...

Hester Prynne Personal Standards Versus Society

is forced to confront the standards set by the Puritan society of Colonial America for what is considered decent behavior. At the opening of the book, so much has already happened: Hester Prynne’s husband (Roger Chillingworth) was shipwrecked and captured by native people—many thought he had unfortunately perished. The town’s religious leader Arthur Dimmesdale offers Hester an understanding ear and shoulder to cry on, but this leads to an affair that results in the birth of Hester’s daughter Pearl, born out of wedlock. Thus, it is very revelatory about these townspeople that they offer Hester very little understanding for… Continue Reading...

Human Resource Strategies for Security Management

Factors to Consider in Security Management 1. On meeting new workers assigned to the unit, what topics would the supervisor discuss first? Why? Regardless of the supervisor’s precise role, many of the problems that occur following the hiring of new employees relate to misunderstandings concerning organizational expectations and the failure to identify optimal candidates (McCrie, 2016). Therefore, supervisors at every level should focus on accurately communicating organizational expectations based on a timely and accurate job description, accident reporting requirements, what safety protocols and procedures are in place and the name and contact information of the relevant safety official(s), the employees’… Continue Reading...

Student Discipline and Bullying

power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among students. In doing so the paper quotes three cases (i.e. Goss v. Lopez, Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, and New Jersey v. T.L.O). The rulings in these cases will be used to delineate the process of investigation, disciplining of… Continue Reading...

Nature Vs Nurture Vs Free Will

Skinner and Bandura. It was Bandura’s (1977) theory of social learning that viewed all behavior as learned from one’s environment. Skinner (1957) likewise postulated that it was the “nurturing” side of one’s experience that shaped human activity, thought and expression. Galton (1883) on the other hand felt differently. He predated both Skinner and Bandura and was himself a student of Darwin. He thus postulated that “nature” was responsible for the development of human behavior—that some people were simply born with greater gifts, such as intellectual ability, than others. Galton was a 19th century philosopher and scientist and his views… Continue Reading...

Health Psychology Social Media Trends

so-called Hawthorne effect, which states that being observed often has a significant influence upon human behavior, and can thus bias results (McCambridge, Witton, & Elbourne, 2014). It should be noted that despite the frequent criticism of the ubiquity of online interactions, there is no evidence, according to current research, that frequent social media use exacerbates the stress, at least of adults. According to Hampton (et al. 2015), although women report higher levels of stress than men overall, for women there is an association with lower levels of stress and moderate use of online media, which is often associated with… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Causation and Correlation

Ethnicity, parental smoking, education, profession, social status and advertising exposure are variables likely to influence smoking behavior (Coogan, 2015). These are possible causes of smoking that are hard to eliminate. Social research could be an important field of statistical data for the credulous. How to extend or modify a research design to examine a true cause-and-effect relationship Causality can be problematic in that the researcher may not be able to have an assurance that variable manipulation was the only reason for perceived correlation and trends. For complex experiments it is hard to neutralize and isolate confounding influence implications (Bleske-Rechek,… Continue Reading...

What Can Be Learned at Residency

of confirmation bias. References NIST. (2015). The Baldrige criteria. Retrieved from https://www.nist.gov/document-3205 Tsai, Y. (2011). Relationship between organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction. BMC health services research, 11(1), 98.   Continue Reading...

Performance Appraisal Security Management

judgments that are less likely to be biased by autocratic behavior? Most performance appraisals are top-down in nature, “that is, a supervisor appraises his or her subordinates,” and are justified by the notion that the more experienced individual in a position of leadership should be the one to offer the final judgement on an employee’s performance (McCrie, 2016, p.161). Incorporating some element of bottom-up behavior, such as allowing employees to provide input about their experience at the company, is useful to counteract what can be an excessively autocratic approach to the reviewing process. Taking in input from customers and… Continue Reading...

How Religion Works Today

that supersedes that of other ideologies. Religion is largely used as a means of providing demonstrations for expected social behavior in the U.S. today, which certainly affects people’s actions according to Durkheim’s description of religion in the preceding quotation. Another key differentiator between Durkheim’s theory of religion and Marx’s conception of ideology as they relate to religion’s role in modern day America is each other’s treatment of the various forms of behavior involved. As previously indicated, in contemporary America religion is a means of disseminating socially accepted modes of behavior to people. Specifically, these modes of behavior are referred… Continue Reading...

Fascism and Communism in Perspective

conscious belonging to a spiritual society. Robert Paxton indicates that fascism was seen as “A form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy and purity, in which a massed-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.” (O’Malley J.P., 2012) In both the fascism and communism, there was that sense of shared common bond in the idea of leadership,… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddlerhood S Developmental Stage Age Group

they suck their thumb, make certain sounds whilst sleepy and love shaking their rattle repeatedly. Continuous repetition of identical behavior reveals circular reactions. Repeated shaking of the rattle implies they love its sound and wish to repeatedly hear it. By making different sounds (e.g., shaking the rattle on some other surface), the infant will understand that stimulus modification modifies the sound; thus, exploration will commence (Austrian, 2008). Freud believes that at this developmental stage, a baby focuses on and derives pleasure from eliminating or retaining feces; thus, potty training is generally carried out at this stage. Another area toddlers… Continue Reading...

Health Care and Obesity

obesity in rats: increased body weight, body fat and triglyceride levels. Pharmacology Biochemistry and behavior, 97(1), 101-106. Malik, V. S., Popkin, B. M., Bray, G. A., Després, J. P., Willett, W. C., & Hu, F. B. (2010). Sugar sweetened beverages and risk of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis. Diabetes Care, https://doi.org/10.2337/dc10-1079 Stanhope, K. L., Medici, V., Bremer, A. A., Lee, V., Lam, H. D., Nunez, M. V., ... & Havel, P. J. (2015). A dose-response study of consuming high-fructose corn syrup–sweetened beverages on lipid/lipoprotein risk factors for cardiovascular disease in young adults–. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 101(6), 1144-1154. World… Continue Reading...

Marketing Distribution Issues

user profiles, likes, dislikes, and engage in market segmentation for demographics, behavior, geography and psychometrics. All of these tools are helpful for obtaining information about the market and how the company could effectively market products for the Chinese marketplace. 3.You are the marketing manager for Oxymoron detergent and have been instructed to introduce this product into Argentina. What six factors would you need to consider in determining the proper channel of distribution for the introduction of Oxymoron detergent? The six factors that I would need to consider in determining the proper channel of distribution for the introduction of Oxymoron… Continue Reading...

Channels Of Distribution in the Retail Industry

and purchase it electronically and await its delivery at their doorstep. Consumer behavior Consumer behavior has influenced substantial changes in the channels of distribution in the retail industry through increased interest in the shopping experience (Krafft & Mantrala, 2011). In today’s information era, customers have become more knowledgeable about products and services and are increasingly looking for enhanced shopping experience. As a result, businesses in the retail industry have changed their approach to distribution in attempts to provide customers better shopping experience. Competition The retail industry is characterized by improvements in retail sales and increased competition in the global retail… Continue Reading...

Why Virtual Teams Matter

the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational behavior, 2, 489-521 Hauser, L. (2014). Work motivation in organizational behavior. Economics, Management and Financial Markets, 9(4), 239-246. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370. Salvovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence: Theory finding, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 197-215. Tuckman, B. W., & Jensen, M. A. C. (1977). Stages of small-group development revisited. Group & Organization Studies, 2(4), 419-427.   Continue Reading...

Commercials and the Media

the only ones capitalizing on childhood innocence by luring children into a lifestyle of patterned behavior based on the desire to consume. The fast food industry also had an incentive to get them young—and that is why in two McDonald’s commercials, each a fifteen second spot, the fast food behemoth uses knowledge and technology to identify itself with natural childhood tenacity, curiosity and the desire to learn and use technology. In the first fifteen second spot from a 2018 campaign for Happy Meals, McDonald’s shows a young African American family: Mom, and two small children seated at a clean… Continue Reading...

The Stages Of Childhood Development Physical Cognitive

responses, too, with differences depending on environmental factors like parental behavior and culture (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009. While their ability to understand and use language has yet to emerge, at this early developmental stage infants do communicate using nonverbal communication including crying and the use of facial expressions. However, the most striking features of infant development is on the physical level, with major shifts in the child’s biology. The rapid growth of the brain and central nervous system, for example, is also paralleled by corresponding changes in the ways the child processes and responds to sensory input (Lightfoot,… Continue Reading...

Research Design and Methods Used in Leadership

methods overlook or take for granted, making mixed-methods approaches extremely attractive in emerging literature on leadership and organizational behavior. Methods of data collection and research design trends eventually feed the formation of new theories in leadership. Just as the research questions may influence the choice of research design and methods, the researcher’s theoretical orientation may impact the choice of research questions. The results of leadership research may also transform—or simply reinforce—existing theories of leadership. For example, a new study that assesses the impact of transformational leadership on organizational outcomes could be used to bolster theories that stress leadership style.… Continue Reading...

Security Management

employee will be given a short suspension. If the suspension fails to curb the behavior, then a longer suspension may be needed. Q3. What role does insurance play against potential wrongful termination actions? How might an insurer seek to defend itself against such a suit? If the worker brings forth a legal suit against the company for a case of wrongful termination, in most instances the company’s general liability policy will enable it to fund its defense (McCrie, 2016). Broadly written insurance policies generally make the company responsible for defense costs, pretrial expenses, and any judgement made against the… Continue Reading...

Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Of Personality

Theory of Personality Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory of personality makes the argument that human behavior is resultant of the interrelations amongst three constituent parts of the mind including the id, ego, and superego (Petocz, 1999). This theory of personality lays substantial significance of the manner in which conflict, more often than not unconscious, amongst the areas of the mind end up shaping an individual’s behavior and personality. The Id deals with instantaneous satisfaction of basic physical needs and desires and it functions completely unconsciously. The Superego takes into account social rules and morals, and is largely referred to as a… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Reason to Faith

with God which gives way to actions or expressions of faith in one’s behavior. This is all of what it means to have faith. [11: Smith, Christian. "Why Christianity works: An emotions-focused phenomenological account." Sociology of Religion 68, no. 2 (2007): 165-178] Alternative Models of How Faith and Reason Relate Avery Dulles gives 7 models of faith that show how faith and reason can relate to one another. These models are: the propositional model, the transcendental model, the fiducial model, the experiential model, the obediential model, the praxis model, and the personalist model. These models are not necessarily independent of one… Continue Reading...

Change Management

initiatives fail. The failure of leaders to challenge themselves to change, and then model the behavior they seek in others, may be a large contributor to these failures” (p. 35). This implies that a combination of leadership change and procedural change is needed. By embarking on a new direction in the industry, the retail brick and mortar based businesses can enter into a service-oriented approach to business to help stem the tide of losing out to e-commerce. Background Managing change is necessary because without change, companies grow old and stale (Walker, 2018). This was the problem Best Buy was running into… Continue Reading...

Our Current Social Networks

The Network Society Introduction Castells (2011, p. 4) defines network society as a society whose social structure is made up of networks that are powered by microelectronics-based information and communication technologies. Networks do constitute of the new social morphology of our societies. When you look at network society from Castells point of view then the infrastructure of the network society is determined by the relationship between technical, social, and media networks (Van Dijk, 1999, p. 128). Networks are not a new form of social organization, but they have become the key feature of social morphology. This means that they are… Continue Reading...

Social Science Research Methods Gang Violence

social ties with gangs or gang members, social self-control, and aggressive behavior. Based on prior research, the authors hypothesize that exposure to violence in the community would be associated with aggressive behaviors. The authors also hypothesize that having friends or family members in gangs was positively correlated with aggressive behavior, and that lower levels of self-control were also correlated with aggressive behavior. All of these hypotheses have the same dependent variable (aggressive behavior exhibited over the past week). These hypotheses and related research questions are also directly aligned with the purpose of the study: which is to identify risk… Continue Reading...

Acute Asthma

Asthma Asthma represents a lasting inflammatory airway condition characterized by hyper-responsiveness of the airways accompanied by repeated episodes of breathlessness, coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. Such episodes have commonly been linked to airflow blocks which can be spontaneously reversed or sometimes require medication. Roughly three hundred million individuals worldwide suffer from asthma. Among children, boys exhibit greater asthma risk whilst among adults, women exhibit greater prevalence. A grasp of the condition’s pathophysiology (both acute and chronic forms) will facilitate an understanding of how to diagnose and treat patients suffering from it. Experts’ asthma pathogenesis knowledge has greatly evolved during the… Continue Reading...

Fedex Organizational Design

design for your corporation? FutureLab. Retrieved December 2, 2018 from https://www.futurelab.net/blog/2012/06/what-right-organization-design-your-corporation-and-what-test-use-know-if-youve-got Robbins, S.P. & Judge, T.A. (2014). Essentials of Organizational behavior (12th Edition). Pearson. Continue Reading...

Healthcare Nursing Patients Caring

communications, it can have an adverse impact on health outcomes or on organizational behavior. A lack of official caring practices in the healthcare institution can also lead to workplace dissatisfaction and poor morale among employees (Watson, 2009). Caring has had to be revitalized in nursing theory and education in order to interject the principles of caring, and to show what caring entails. Watson (2009) and the Watson Caring Science Institute (2018) have offered nurse leaders and nurse educators, as well as practitioners, the opportunity to standardize definitions of caring and operationalize standard caring procedures. The theory of human caring… Continue Reading...

Social Innovation and Change

Chinese government to give each citizen a credit score based on their behavior. If the citizen has a bad social credit score, that person will be denied basic rights like being able to fly (Werth, 2018). Because China is a totalitarian state with its president having written his name into the Constitution, there is not a whole lot its citizens can do to protest this new social change. The goal of the system is to promote behavior that aligns with what the state expects from people. As Werth (2018) notes, “if you’re the kind of person who volunteers or… Continue Reading...

Media Depictions Of Gender Role Stereotypes

are men—and women for that matter—who appreciate and engage in these types of behavior, they are not necessarily markers of “real men.” Yet the media inculcates these types of values and norms, leading to real life mirroring. Advertising, film, television, and even new media are all guilty of adverse portrayals of masculinity. Male stereotypes also focus on men’s presumed inability or disinterest in relationship intimacy, kindness, or compassion. Men are shown as caring about sex more than love, and as being uniquely able to weasel their way out of tricky situations via their social capital or sheer luck. Women,… Continue Reading...

Physical Security Design and Methods Of Security

buildings and their surroundings will impede and discourage criminal behavior. Fennelly (2013) discusses the 25 things that should be understood about lighting and the categories of lighting. Chapter 5 is a fundamental chapter in understanding the significance of lighting in security. References Elert & Associates. (2013). Physical Security Design and Engineering: How Can It Help You? Retrieved 28 November, 2018 from http://www.elert.com/physical-security-design-and- engineering/ Fennelly, L. J. (2013). Effective physical security. (5th ed.) Waltham, Mass: Butterworth- Heinemann. Gov.UK. (2009). Counter terrorism protective security advice for major events, NaCTSO https://www.ukcma.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Major_Events_Reviewed.pdf Kinney, J. B., Mann, E., & Winterdyk, J. A. (2017). Crime prevention… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Pandemic Outbreak and Discussion

(Barnhart, 2014). Some people even suggested that the illness was retribution from God for homosexual behavior which he condemns members of the gay community for (Mwangi et al., 2014). These damaging stigmas were some of the things that had to be overcome in terms of fighting the disease and raising awareness for it. The education of the general public has long been one of the greatest weapons in fighting the disease—that along with perseverance (Barnhart, 2014). The fact that famous people came forward as being infected with the disease, helped wake the general public up regarding the widespread magnitude… Continue Reading...

Dostoevsky and Tolstoy on Suffering

with such grace and fidelity that Ivan is moved—converted—transformed into realizing his own oafish behavior all along and suddenly feels a magnanimous and loving feeling for one and all, even those who have scorned him. He feels great pity, great sorrow, great affection, and great forgiveness towards others—and even asks for forgiveness: “He wanted also to say, ‘Prosti—Forgive’” (Tolstoy 137)—and it is this that readies him for coming into the light at the end of the story. In the story of Ivan is the story of a man being moved from the darkness to the light—from self-seeking to other-seeking—from… Continue Reading...

South Park and Pc Culture

if they experience cognitive dissonance, they will change their behavior, change their perception, or change their beliefs in order to obtain harmony. For example, a person wants to smoke but smoking is an unacceptable social gesture. The person will either stop smoking in order to be in conformity and harmony with his environment, smoke anyway and justify it by arguing that smoking is not bad for one’s health and those who condemn smoking are wrong; or tell oneself that it simply does not matter what others think as they cannot hurt one. Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance could not… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Different Interactions on Students Sense Of Community in E Learning Environment

Questions and Answers: Effects of Different Interactions on Students' Sense of Community in E-Learning Environment 1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format. Luo, N., Zhang, M. & Qi, D. (2017). Effects of Different Interactions on Students' Sense of Community in E-Learning Environment. Computers & Education, 115, 153-160 2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to “understand how interactions influence students' sense of community and continuous use intention of e-learning platform.” A study of this nature is of great relevance, particularly given the fact that most educational institution continue to adopt… Continue Reading...

Health and Poor Populations

These factors include low wages, unstable family life, risky sexual behavior, drug and alcohol abuse, high crime, low education, obesity, diabetes, and poor access to health care (Boyer et al., 2017; Guariguata, 2014; Osborn, Squires, Doty, Sarnak & Schneider, 2016). Low income adults, therefore, are at risk of not receiving the proper health education they need to maintain healthy lifestyle; they are at risk of lacking a cogent support system to maintain a healthy lifestyle; they are at risk of not having adequate access to health care, whereby they maintain obtain necessary health education and preventive care. Understanding the… Continue Reading...

Why Teacher Discipline Is Necessary

conducted herself in a manner unsuitable for a student in this school and her provocative behavior should not go unaddressed. However, Mr. Swanson should have the self-possession required of a tenured teacher to deal with provocative behavior from students in a more dignified manner. This paper will discuss the immediate action that should be taken, any reporting requirements that have been triggered, personnel policies that apply, Illinois laws that apply to the situation, and recommendations for going forward. Immediate Action Immediate action should be taken with regard to the situation that unfolded in Mr. Swanson’s classroom. Both the student… Continue Reading...

The Mission Of Usaa

the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational behavior, 2, 489-521 USAA. (2018). Mission. Retrieved from http://www.makingafortune.biz/list-of-companies-u/united-services-automobile-assn.htm USAA Products. (2018). Products. Retrieved from https://www.usaa.com/inet/wc/about_usaa_corporate_overview_main?akredirect=true   Continue Reading...

Strategies to Improve Collaboration and Cooperation Between the Homeland Security Agencies

Reporting) initiative (DHS, 2018). SAR encouraged administrative efforts towards training the local and state enforcement agencies on behavior recognition strategies and the pointers associated with terrorist activities and specific threats as well as sharing and reporting of information concerning awkward activities or incidents. The reports trigger an analysis aimed at identifying broad trends (DHS, 2018). DHS has also continually enhanced the fusion centers in the urban areas. It is DHS that secures the air, sea, and land boarders in order to protect the country from illegal activities while at the same time facilitating lawful trade and travel (DHS, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

multiple dimensions and contextual constraints and influences on human behavior, identity, and relationships. Using a systems or ecological approach also transforms the nature of the social scientist’s work in community psychology. The community psychologist does not just work with individual clients, although that is certainly possible. A community psychologist forges strategic alliances with other members of the individuals community, including formal and informal social structures and organizations (Society for Community Research and Action, 2018). The community psychologist aims not just to transform individual lives but also to improve the overall health and wellness in the community, promote public health… Continue Reading...

History Current Theory and Treatment Of Alzheimer's

History The disease first described and defined in 1906 by Alois Alzheimer and named after him in 1910 has led to tremendous breakthroughs in brain and neurological research, according to the Alzheimer’s Association (2018). Alzheimer, a German physician, analyzed the brains of patients with the characteristic symptoms of the disease including profound and debilitating memory loss, noticing “shrinkage,” as well as “abnormal deposits in and around nerve cells,” (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018, p. 1). Alzheimer also described the amyloid plaques now known to be linked to the symptoms of the disease, as well as neurofibrillary tangles (National Institute on Aging, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments

and reliable? Why or why not? The authors made use of a questionnaire founded on Gorham’s Verbal Immediacy behavior Scale and Richmond et al. Nonverbal Immediacy behavior Scale to measure instructor immediacy; and Garrison el al. social presence scale. It is important to note that high reliability levels were indicated via the computation of Cronbach’s alpha in relation to the social presence scale as well as NIB and VIB scale items internal consistency. 7. Do the author(s) give enough detail regarding the procedure so that the study could be replicated? How or how not? The details given by the authors… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of Trauma on the Brain

The Effect of Trauma on the Brain In John Rigg’s talk on the effect of trauma on the brain and how it impacts our behaviors, I learned that when we talk about the human brain we are actually talking about two brains—the intelligent brain and the animal brain. The intelligent brain is what allows us to reason, think and essentially “rule the world” as Rigg (2017) puts it. The animal part of the brain, which is smaller, but is still very much a part of the brain, is what reacts to the environment and controls the body’s response. So, in… Continue Reading...

Locke and Maslow on Motivation

realized the full potential of social media in building the company’s brand. The main behavior pattern that I identified in me and the others was a continuous enthusiasm. According to Redmond and Bower (2015), this was happening because everyone was motivated by a sense of job satisfaction—i.e., Locke’s theory in which workers have “a pleasurable or positive emotional state resulting from the appraisal of one’s job or job experiences.” In truth, I think all of us had needed this opportunity to show our creative talents to upper management and we were eager to take part in the project. This fits… Continue Reading...

How to Treat Anxiety

Anxiety Anxiety disorder is among the most prevalent mental health disorders in the U.S>.with approximately 18 of Americans suffering from some form of anxiety (NAMI, 2017). Different types of anxiety disorders include social anxiety, panic disorder, phobias such as agoraphobia, separation anxiety, and generalized anxiety disorder (chronic worry over everyday life isues). Behavioral components of anxiety include feeling an overwhelming sense of apprehension, tense, irritable, restless, jumpy, and always anticipating the worst possible outcome. Individuals suffering from anxiety may isolate themselves from others, have difficulty communicating what’s wrong, and may have difficulty focusing on tasks, catching their breath or gaining… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Organized Crime

Organized Crime and Its Impact What are some of the ways that organized crime impacts you and a community or city (of your choice) directly? Organized crime details a conspiracy among criminal elements who wish to enter into an enterprise engaged in illegal activities as a way of generating dirty money (Dirks & Snyman, 2010). An organized crime is organized as a group with a structure that is similar to some pyramid hierarchy. The groups employ bribery and violence to ensure their operations continue. They also use retribution threats to ensure they maintain external and internal control in the community,… Continue Reading...

Racism and Discrimination Impact on Civil Rights and Student Rights

of students in an unfair way and them accepting discriminatory behavior from other students within the school environment. Administrator-related discrimination is more common than teacher-related discrimination (John 551-558). On high school and elementary campuses, administrators are usually known to penalize minority students more. The minority students are usually more likely to be expelled and suspended than their majority peers. Some private schools have also been fined for denying acceptance to admit minority students into their programs. Harassment by students is the most common form of racial discrimination. A report made by the Office for Civil Rights claims incidents of… Continue Reading...

Personality and the Jung Test

usually only when it relates in some way to human behavior. I can study manuals and information that is purely mechanical—such as how to change oil in a car—but I do find it to be tedious and more like a chore than something I enjoy. According to INFP Learning Style (2018), my learning is improved when the material I am learning is presented with theory intact and when it relates in some way to the humanities, sociology or psychology. I enjoy multiple viewpoints and complex material is also easy for me to grasp. Learning is difficult for me when… Continue Reading...

Colonial Scripts Reciting Colonialism Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized

Reciting Colonial Scripts: Colonialism, Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized 1. Problem/Puzzle & Research Questions How have colonialism as well as the successive globalization/imperialism fiddled or tinkered with national identity, geographic boundaries, as well as civil society? These are the factors that are of great relevance to democratization. 2. Theories & Concepts: existing research that the author builds upon or refutes in order to develop their own argument. The author of the present study assesses some of the key issues that affect nations in the Middle East as they seek to transform into democratic jurisdictions. Towards this end, the author’s… Continue Reading...

Human Resources

involves job or role definitions and clarifying hierarchies and relationships within an organizational structure. Ethical codes and codes of behavior may also be covered under the rubric of human resources management. Human resources departments often operate independently but in conjunction with other departments to create a cohesive strategy for management and organizational structure. Training for human resources management can vary, and often little more than a Bachelor’s degree is required in terms of formal education. Human resources managers need interpersonal skills more than anything, but also benefit from strategic planning and general leadership skills. Job outlook and growth for… Continue Reading...

Agent Based Simulation in Public Policy

Discussion: Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation Agent-based modeling and simulation allows for organizations to look at their individual parts and players (the agents) to see how they perform in a simulation. In today’s society, situations can develop rapidly as information spreads via social media, and policy makers have to be prepared to address situations as they arise virtually instantaneously. One problem that I can envision is where agent-based modeling and simulation may be useful in the public sector in response to a situation where public administrators have to respond to an accusation made towards a member of their administration regarding sexual… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

impact the pathophysiology of gastritis, PUD, and GERD include, but they are not limited to behavior, age, ethnicity, gender, and genetics. These have been highlighted in the table below. Condition Patient Factor Gastritis behavior – excessive alcohol use. Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with mucosal lining erosion PUD Age – older adults Older adults are more likely to take osteoarthritis medications or other pain medications, i.e. NSAIDs that could either inflame or irritate the stomach lining. GERD behavior – obesity Obese persons tend to have increased abdominal pressure. Some of the symptoms of Gastritis include, but they are not… Continue Reading...

Multiple Sclerosis

is manifested as performance impairment, having a potential destructive influence on patient behavior. MS often entails a relatively progressive onset of behavioral deficiencies and neurological symptoms (Hoang & Shepherd, 2010). Multiple Sclerosis and Nervous System Chronic, advancing cognitive deterioration within multiple sclerosis has been ascribed to a neuro-pathological, neurodegenerative disease process (in other words, diffused brain atrophy and axonal destruction). Additionally, atrophy and white matter lesions are known to play a significant part in cognitive dysfunction among individuals diagnosed with MS; however, latest research proves grey matter lesions might be greatly influencing cognitive function (Rocca, Pravata & Valsasina, 2015).… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

past indicated that there is a high correlation between violence/criminal behavior and psychopathy. This would largely be expected given that psychological studies into the character and disposition of psychopaths has demonstrated that the need for control (or power) as well as egocentrism, which also happen to be the dominant character traits of psychopaths, are predictors for deviant or antisocial behavior. The debate on whether or not psychopaths should be held criminally responsible for their acts, and thus be subjected to criminal punishment, has been raging for a long time. On one side of the debate are legal scholars, lawmakers,… Continue Reading...

How to Improve It the Amazon Customer Experience

site would act as a further check upon bad behavior. Another important part of the customer experience is Amazon’s recommendation system, which is often problematic, given that the website frequently recommends irrelevant products. According to one critic of Amazon: “If I like an author, a band, or a particular actor/director, I’d like to be informed when their new book/album/movie comes out, but Amazon doesn’t provide these kinds of alerts at the moment” (Charlton, 2008, par.15). A more sensitive, intelligent, and individualized experience, commensurate with Bezos’ promise to read personal customer emails, not just look at algorithms, is required. References Charlton,… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

including but not limited to genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior – could have an impact upon the pathophysiology of GERD, PUD, and gastritis. GERD In reference to GERD, it should be noted that “GERD and its complications are recognized as clustering within families, suggesting a genetic background for GERD phenotypes” (Bope and Kellerman, 2016, p. 46). Diagnosis: I would recommend an upper endoscopy for the patient. In this case I would be seeking to detect esophagitis. Treatment: I would prescribe lansoprazole (Prevacid) which is a proton pump inhibitor; and Baclofen to strengthen the cardiac sphincter. PUD Behaviors and… Continue Reading...

Hiring Practices and Ethical Legal

law behind them,” (p. 56). Codes mitigate legal risks and can also be used to defer responsibility; ultimately ethical behavior is a matter of individual choice (Adelstein & Clegg, 2016). Organizations genuinely committed to meeting the high standards set forth in codes of ethics and codes of conduct need to embed these norms and behaviors into company culture via training programs, leadership, and other elements of organizational socialization. Organizations do well to work beyond legal strictures to create hiring practices and procedures that help draw to the organization top talent that confers a competitive advantage. For example, Stoughton, Thompson… Continue Reading...

Us Foreign Policy and the Use Of American Military Power

rule-making and implementation. The empire’s foremost rule is: forbidding behavior which jeopardizes its position of power. Contemporary alliance diplomacy and nonproliferation pacts belong to the collection of imperial regulations the US develops and imposes. The Japan-US defense pact, NATO, and ANZUS (Australia, New Zealand and United States) treaty aren’t exactly pacts between equals; rather, they may be regarded as security guarantees America accords to its subordinates and serve as means to codify interstate hierarchy. The American government’s proposed role in the year 2002, of taking pre-emptive action for destroying enemy states’ WMD construction efforts, logically extends from that policy;… Continue Reading...

Team Development Leadership Emotional Intelligence

this, which uses a grounded theory and action research approach, is fundamental to organizational behavior and consulting practice. In spite of the tremendous diversity inherent in global teams, the researchers surprisingly found commonalities among the various global teams. Distance and geographic independence is one of the key features of a global team, presenting possible impediments to team success, increasing complexity of team dynamics, and the threat of miscommunication. These barriers in turn impact the overall collaboration and coordination of team-based needs and activities. Trust can mitigate fear, through formalized processes of team engagement and information management. Findings like these… Continue Reading...

Scarcity and Supply and Demand

the problem of scarcity than economies that promote a free market. 2 The economy is a result of human behavior because a country must prioritize its economic goals to determine how to deal with scarce resources. Some countries have a command economy, where the centralized government essentially sets the prices for all goods. This was the case in the Soviet Union where, for instance, the price of sugar was set and not determined by the principle of scarcity or the law of supply and demand. In the U.S., price fixing of this nature is supposed to be illegal, but in reality… Continue Reading...

Feminist Theory and International Relations

Introduction The Central Question How important is it that IR (International Relations) scholars reflect on the relationship between power and knowledge? From a feminist theory perspective, it is critical for IR scholars to highlight the relationship between power and knowledge in order to uncover the gender dynamics of power and knowledge in an IR setting. Feminism is more than simply a theory about women—it also provides a framework for understanding gender and gender constructs and how these constructs impact international relations.[footnoteRef:2] In order for IR scholars to excel in their work and more fully understand the parameters of IR, they… Continue Reading...

Nurses Hand Hygiene Behavior

Hand Hygiene Education and Individual Feedback on Hand Hygiene behavior, MRSA Acquisition Rate and MRSA Colonization Pressure Among Intensive Care Unit Nurses. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 21, 709-715. Doi: 10.1111/ijn.12288 Cohn, E., Jia, H., & Larson, E. (2009). Evaluation of Statistical Approaches in Quantitative Nursing Research. Clinical Nursing Research, 18(3), 223-241. Doi: 10.1177/1054773809336096   Continue Reading...

Collecting Quantitative and Qualitative Data

interviewee focused and hence the ability to capture the actual behavior and emotions necessary to make a determination. With interviews the researcher has the ability to choose the right candidate for a research. With an interview the interviewer is also able to capture primary information. The interviewer has the latitude to ask as many questions and clarify issues with the interviewee. Interviews can be limited by factors such as cost. The process is quite intensive and costly. The skills and abilities of the interviewer determine the quality of the data collected (Byrne, 2001). Interviews can be quite limiting depending… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

a social credit score based on their good or bad behavior, which impacts their ability to do such things as fly, make purchases, apply for jobs. The state wields its power like an unyielding dictatorship from which no one can hide. China’s state power came from the revolution of the 20th century, in which the communist Mao Tse Tung reorganized China’s power structure, overhauled the social organization of the country, and ruled through total coercion. His authority was not recognized as legitimate, which was why force had to be applied. In Saudi Arabia, state power is manifested in the… Continue Reading...

High Working Performance in Organizations

organizational values. Imperatively, core values provide guidance to employee behavior and impact business practices as the organization delivers on its promise to consumers, personnel and other stakeholders. The last component is shared accountability. High performance cultures necessitate a setting that encourages and motivates employee ownership of not only the bottom-line results but also the cultural basis (Finney, 2008). Johnson and Johnson Introduction Each corporation that is able to create, survive, and maintain a name for itself and produces consumer trust and confidence, is linked to the business undertaking to do more than simply generating revenues and profits. The corporation… Continue Reading...

Durkheim and Weber on Sociology

he could identify the social facts that predicate human behavior. Durkheim (1895) stated, “A social fact is any way of acting, whether fixed or not, capable of exerting over the individual an external constraint; or: which is general over the whole of a given society whilst having an existence of its own, independent of its individual manifestations.” Durkheim thus understood society to be a system that could be studied using the scientific method: theories and hypotheses could be developed based on observations and education. These hypotheses could be tested, just as one tests a new drug before it reaches… Continue Reading...

Practices That Best Serve Learners from Diverse Backgrounds

with their students. An interview was once conducted to culturally diverse high school students. These students presented behavior challenges in which they wanted their teachers to know how their lives were like when they were outside school. Understanding the lives of students enables teachers to have the relevance of lessons increased and more meaningful examples made. Teachers should teach their students in a way that their behavior match to the setting. Different students behave in different ways. For instance, some might behave formally during ceremonies. Students need to be taught the differences between their community, school and home environment… Continue Reading...

Dana Incorporated Implementing Change

Implementing Change Increased customer demand is most important pressure to address at this time in order to maintain a competitive and viable company. Dana Incorporated has been providing their customers for the past years with products of high quality and quantity that satisfies their customer’s expectation. However, due to increase in customer demands for new cars and trucks, there has been increased demand of customers to companies like Toyota, Jeep and Ford. Recently, the increased customer demands are approaching maximum capacity hence exceeding production capacity. Increased customer demand set Dana Incorporated with competition pressure. Currently, increased customer demand for commercial… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of human behavior in social situations, showing how social pressures and sociological variables can impact psychological phenomenon such as identity, motivation, personality, or behavior. A quintessential topic in the field of social psychology is bullying. Bullying can be studied from a public health perspective, showing how the external variables such as how a school is designed and the leadership and organizational culture of the school affects risk factors implicated in bullying behaviors or victimization patterns. Alternatively, bullying can be examined from a purely psychological perspective… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

all those who fought for the Union, helped to abolish slavery forever and set a new moral standard for behavior in the United States. The Civil War resulted in several Constitutional Amendments that would make clear what the Framers did not, which was that slavery was no longer acceptable. The Thirteenth Amendment states, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction,” (United States Constitution 1). The Amendment was then followed by a Constitutional Amendment that… Continue Reading...

Chivalry the Shield and Sir Gawain

medieval world, chivalry was a code of conduct—a principle of behavior—expected of courteous knights, as endlessly expressed by one of the most famous knights of all time, Don Quixote.[footnoteRef:2] In the medieval story Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, chivalry takes center stage in the action, as the plot essentially pivots on what it means to be chivalrous and how chivalry should be embodied. Sir Gawain undergoes a moral test; the Green Knight is a kind of mythical, mystical judge who puts him through the test; and at the end of it, Sir Gawain emerges humbled and conscious of… Continue Reading...

Situational Leadership Styles at Salesforce

but the ability of management to provide the needed supportive behavior is critical to shifting that commitment level. When an employee has variable commitment, but receives support, the commitment level can shift to high. So there is an important role for a company like Salesforce to utilize the D3 "supporting" leadership style to push talented peopled into the D4 realm, from which their talents can truly be unleashed. Added Value The added value of the D3 and D4 leadership styles is clear, at least where Salesforce is concerned. CEO Benioff cites three elements of innovation as having been critical… Continue Reading...

Social Media and Fake Newa

cannot be bred out of us, or manipulated out of our behavior. We are a flawed people—but we are also a people who have the ability to rise above and be better, individually and as a community. This paper will argue that in order for us to use media wisely and effectively, we have to bring back the kind of objective journalism and respect that use to be commonplace in the field: we have to end the era of “fake news” by holding accountable those networks and individuals who insist on perpetuating “fake news” just to advance a political… Continue Reading...

Addiction Treatment Alcohol Addiction

Abuse and Alcoholism points out that “behavioral treatments are aimed at changing drinking behavior through counseling” (NIH, 2019). Towards this end, in addition to being directed by a health professional, behavioral treatments are also rooted in studies underlining their utility (NIH, 2019). Therefore, while behavioral anonymous groups operate on a professional platform, alcoholic anonymous is nonprofessional and its deliberations are run in a self-help peer support format. It is important to note that as Buddy (2017) points out, numerous randomized control trials undertaken amongst abusers of a wide range of substances indicate that when comparisons are made between behavioral… Continue Reading...

Macintyre S Theory Of Practice

one’s society—not just for one’s self. Selfishness is not compatible with virtue because it does not place an ideal behavior or common good among one’s own self-interest. One could, for example, cheat to win—but one would not be acting virtuously in doing so. On the other hand, one could play well and still lose but lose virtuously and still be counted as an asset to one’s community based on the deportment with which one carries oneself, the graciousness that one exhibits even in defeat, and the honor that one brings simply by way of competing. MacIntyre defines a virtue… Continue Reading...

Good Management and Leadership Skills

as a team (Northouse, 2018). Developing one’s emotional and social intelligence helps a manager to understand individual behavior more fully and gives the leader the opportunity to bridge divides, overcome resistance, and empower workers to “buy into” the vision of the organization (Daft, 2015). These intelligence skills are essential for boosting morale in the workplace as they show workers that their managers truly care about them and understand their needs—almost as though they intuit everything. In reality, the manager is simply using emotional and social intelligence skills to better understand each individual worker and see how best to communicate… Continue Reading...

Leadership and the Issue Of Ethics

Abstract This paper focuses on questions of ethics and unethical behavior in the workplace. It discusses what leaders can do to better create an ethical environment in which people are respected and ethical values are promoted. It provides some examples from the real world of what happens when organizations fail to act ethically, and it also examines some of the problems that led to the disaster that was the 2007-2008 economic collapse. Ethical principles such as utilitarianism and virtue ethics are explained in connection with these discussions. The issues of diversity and discrimination are evaluated at length,… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Practices Compliance Auditing

changing values and social norms. Organizations are in a position to set new standards of behavior among their peers in the industry and between competing stakeholder groups in government, target consumer audiences, and the supply chain. Because of their power, experience, and role, leaders in organizations have a direct impact on improving stakeholder relationships by practicing corporate social responsibility. Organizations that actively pursue innovative transportation and manufacturing solutions, and which change their business practices to reflect environmental ethics are also organizations that will develop a reputation that resonates with the stakeholders of the future. Companies that resist change, which… Continue Reading...

Why Don T We Listen Better Book Review

Why Don't We Listen Better? Communicating & Connecting in Relationships by James C. Petersen A: Summarize Given that human beings are social creatures that routinely engage in verbal and symbolic forms of communication, the relevance of learning the essentials of effective communication cannot be overstated (Housel, 2001). Why Don't We Listen Better? Communicating & Connecting in Relationships is an amazing book that essentially demystifies the art of active listening. The overriding message that the book seeks to present is that via the development of better listening skills, an individual can improve the way he relates with others. Throughout the book,… Continue Reading...

Broken Arrow Brothers: a Criminological Analysis

One of the most heinous familicide cases in American history occurred in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma in 2015. Two brothers, aged 16 and 18, tortured and killed their parents and three of their five siblings. The older of the brothers, Robert, has been widely considered to be the mastermind of the murder plot and coerced his younger brother into helping him,” (Youngman & Jensen, 2018, p. 1). Both brothers did receive multiple life sentences in the trial that concluded in 2018. Robert had plead guilty in 2016, and the younger brother Michael was tried separately (“Michael Bever, Okla. teen, guilty of… Continue Reading...

Population Health Management

Introduction The concept of population health management refers to understanding and managing health outcomes at the population, rather than the individual level. Cousins et al (2002) highlight that risk levels for different ailments and conditions can vary by populations, so breaking down a population demographically can help to understand how risk varies. Their study showed that predictive modeling can be used to identify risk levels for different conditions among different populations. This underlying logic is the basis for the concept of population health management. If risk levels vary by population, then it can be easier to understand underlying causal or… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

offer a rare opportunity for the alleviation of criminal behavior and reduce drug abuse instances. Although awareness programs and criminal justice systems help to alleviate criminal behavior and deter drug-related activities, this cannot achieve the optimal results that sound treatment and rehabilitation programs would. References American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th Ed). Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association Behavioral Addiction: Screening, Assessment and Treatment. (2013). Erscheinungsort nicht ermittelbar: Central Recovery Press. Chandler, R. K., Fletcher, B. W., & Volkow, N. D. (2009). Treating drug abuse and addiction in the criminal justice system: Improving public health… Continue Reading...

Theories and International Relations

process. Policy theories’ ideas can be used as a guide to the general behavior. Policy theories can be used to influence a country’s policy process and influence people’s ways of thinking. Evidence-based policies happen to be a theme that is dominating in public services. However, practical challenges and realities involved in the evidence-based policy making is that they are formidable. Complexity usually forms part of the problem. For instance, in health services, complex social interventions are dealt with because they act on the social systems such as inspection, funding reforms, performance measures and regulations (Cox, 1981). Old method used… Continue Reading...

Hofstede’s Dimensions and Leadership

Countries with low indulgence verses restraints score emphasizes on regulation of people’s behavior and conduct therefore stricter on social norms. A country like Russia has a low indulgence verses restraint score. Such as country is characterized with a restrained culture with a tendency towards pessimism. There is little emphasis on leisure time and people have a higher degree of restraining themselves. Conclusion Cultural norms have a role to play in interpersonal relationships in the workplace. When one grows in a particular culture, they tend to take the behavioral norm of the community. However, when the same person goes into… Continue Reading...

Visionary Leadership Of Nelson Mandela

Visionary Leadership After being detained in prison for 27 years, Nelson Mandela walked out of Prison to lead South Africans in their quest to break free from Apartheid rule. He became the first Black president of the Republic of South Africa and led a robust reconciliation effort that helped Blacks and Whites in South Africa forgive one another and find common ground to work on to help build South Africa. For these efforts, Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize. Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 in Transkei and went on to be a student of law at Fort Hare… Continue Reading...

Diabetes and Self Care

greater effect towards poor glycemic control that via reduced self-efficacy and behavior as far as diabetes is concerned (Leeet al, 2018). Autonomy support coming from a main support for health may lead to improved glycemic control both directly and through guarding against the negative impact of diabetes related distress. Adult people with reduced autonomy support coming from family health supporters may be faced with the risk of poor glycemic control, particularly in settling high distress by diabetes. According to the findings, when there is a high level of autonomy support from the main health supporter, it leads to better… Continue Reading...

Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself As God's Work Of Art Changes Everything

A: Summary Nicholas, K. (2017). Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself as God's Work of Art Changes Everything! Lynchburg, VA: Liberty University Press. In today’s world, material wealth has become our ‘god’ (Hudson, 2010). We have structured the society in such a way that success is literally equated to wealth. From their early days in school, all the way to college, our children are being taught that the formula to success is simply working hard in school and