Biography Essays


Chef Grant Achatz Biography Essay

Essay Prompt: ** The Chef I chose is: Grant Achatz ** Culinary Food Science Research Paper Throughout the course of culinary history there have been many chef’s, scientists, nutritionists, and even chemists that have contributed greatly to the advancement of  “Food Technologies.” These people, whether through their culinary innovations or scientific discoveries have greatly impacted the world of cooking by creating flavors, safer food, and food that can be healthier for us to eat. Some of these discoveries can be so big that they have impacted or affected the entire world. For instance the discovery of the method for Pasteurizing Continue Reading...

Captain Preston Guilty or Innocent

time that term was ever used in an American court [footnoteRef:3]. [2: Bostonmassacre.net. 2016. "Boston Massacre Historical Society." Bostonmassacre.Net. http://www.bostonmassacre.net/players/preston- biography.htm.] [3: JAH. 2016. "The Boston Massacre Trials - John Adams Historical Society." John-Adams-Heritage.Com. http://www.john-adams-heritage.com/boston-massacre-trials/] The trial for the soldiers did not even start until late November and this was nearly a month after Preston was acquitted. There was apparent and reasonable concern that the acquittal of Preston would lead to the soldiers being convicted for their own personal misdeeds. In the end, however, only two soldiers were convicted of anything and that was of manslaughter. The other soldiers were… Continue Reading...

National Gallery Of Art Washington Dc Tour

the sense of serenity around Jesus's figure (Leonardo da Vinci; Paintings, Drawings, Quotes, biography, 2011-2016). Madonna (1452 -- 1519) In his early days as an artist, numerous da Vinci drawings and paintings focused on Madonna and the Child. Da Vinci captured the two in precious, emotional, and private moments. A first look at the painting reflects a cheerful theme, with Madonna's face showing obvious affection; however, concealed in the painting is also an element of loss and grief a Cruciferae family flower representing a cross). Leonardo's personal note on one of the drawing indicates this painting (Benois Madonna) is… Continue Reading...

My Life

Michael Jones and I was born on the 19th of March, 1998, in Hawthorne, California. I am currently eighteen years old and in my fourth year of college. My parents are Stephen Jones and Callie Jones. Our family comprises of my father, mother, brother and a sister. My brother's name is James Arnold Jones and my sister's name is Joanne Jones. I am grateful to have my siblings and both of my parents in my life alive and healthy. I do not have a great deal of memory about my early childhood, but my mom incessantly mentions that I was… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

Kierkegaard: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press Garff, Joachim. (2005), Soren Kierkegaard: A biography, trans. Bruce H. Kirmmse, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Malik, Habib C. (1997). Receiving Soren Kierkegaard: The Early Impact and Transmission of His Thought, Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Obinyan, V.E. (2014). Nature of Human Existence in Kierkegaard's Ethical Philosophy: A Step towards Self-Valuation and Transformation in Our Contemporary World. International Journal of Philosophy. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-14. doi: 10.11648/j.ijp.20140201.11 ROSENAU, HARTMUT. (1995). SELF.REFLECTION AND AUTOBIOGRAPHY-- KIERKEGAARD'S WRITINGS ABOUT HIMSELF, History of European Ideas, Vol. 20, Nos 1-3. pp. 183-188, Continue Reading...

Story Of Anyi Wang and Granny

Anyi Wang is a noted author from China. Her stories are clearly influenced by the progression of time and politics in China and beyond. She has been hailed as a hero and a scholar by some but has been vilified by others. Even so, her story is intriguing and so is the material that she has written. Her stories include an eclectic array and they are worth of review in terms of the historical and literary context that exists around them. First, there will be a story told about Anyi Wang and her history and then there will be an… Continue Reading...

A History Of the Life and Voyages Of Christopher Columbus Book

author seeking to allude to American readers. As a result, his biography on Christopher Columbus was largely made up of theatrical and studied episodes, most of which were founded on myth rather than dependable and reliable sources. Therefore, a key shortcoming of his book as an adequate source encompasses the persistent mythic proclamation that it was solely the voyages of Columbus, which ultimately influenced the European people of his era, that the Earth is not flat. In fact, by the time, Aristotle had convinced people that the Earth was spherical (Russell, 1991). However, his sources for his book emanated… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

enormous role in influencing contemporary America covers the history of discount, self-service, and chain outlets; Sam Walton's biography; the culture, geography, and economic characteristics of Walmart's birthplace; the links of family life with shopping and being employed at the company; the company's distinctive workforce culture model; the company's associations with Christianity and free enterprise; the shareholders' attempts at influencing the outside world, economies, and America; and the numerous forms of reciprocal government-Walmart relationships (together with the aims those relationships served to achieve). Using all the aforementioned descriptions and justifications, the author has created a less benevolent and far more… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

purpose for him to be killed, since they were aware that Scaver hated him ( biography.com Editors, 2016). Psychological profile Dahmer's traits qualified him as a mixed type of serial killer. He was intelligent, he organized his crimes, he was sexually and socially inept, he used to live alone and he attacked strangers. Paraphilia-A problem whose symptoms include strange sexual desires, usually involving dangerous or extreme activities. Cannibalism- Paraphilic cannibalism is the sexual pleasure that the paraphile gets from the intake of human flesh. Colleagues claimed that Dahmer's lunch used to be meat which had "my special gravy'."He would never… Continue Reading...

Leadership Power Of Steve Jobs and Arnold Schwarzenegger

influential perceptions regarding his personality, even if they were not based on reality. However, it is apparent from his biography, that he has been able to gain the support of many individuals, along with their loyalty, as a result of the care and consideration he shows for the people around him, resulting from his personal power, and not from the way in which he rewards or punishes them (Schwarzenegger, 2013). It is notable that many individuals that operate successfully within the political arena are able to use personal power. This may be argued as essential in order to gain… Continue Reading...

Reactions to Orchestral Music

Not much to this movement but a lot of good things to take in here. https://www.britannica.com/ biography/Henry-Purcell https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MO5vlAtYV6c Gustav Holst - St. Paul's Suite - I, Jig: Vivace This one is much younger than the one just covered. This piece came in the early 1912 and, as indicated by the assignment, was written by Gustav Holst. Holst was from England and operated or otherwise lived in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Also like the first movement, there are multiple parts, although this one only has four. The Jig/Vivace is the first movement. There is also the Ostinato, Intermezzo and then… Continue Reading...

Victims Of the Holocaust

Resistance, Imprisonment & Forced Labor: a Slovene Student in World War II by Metod M. Milac is a memoir and primary source of his experience as a non-Jewish person during the Holocaust. Told through the perspective of Metod, his experiences between 1934 to 1950 allowed readers a glimpse of what it was like for non-Jewish victims experiencing Nazi occupation and encroachment in their homeland. Like another notable Holocaust figure, Anne Frank, both had to deal with incredible hardships brought on by an army that disregarded human rights, yet for someone like Metod, who was a student at the time, he… Continue Reading...

Hank Aaron

the Dodgers games and the exploits of their young second baseman of Jackie Robinson," ("Hank Aaron biography," n.d.). Robinson had broken the color barrier in baseball -- and the event symbolized Aaron's rising hopes of playing in the major leagues. Because his segregated school had no baseball team for black students, Henry pursued other sports like football but eventually quit because he did not want to get injured and jeopardize his chances to play on his field of dreams ("Hank Aaron biography," n.d.). The first scout to notice Aaron was Ed Scott, who managed the all-black semipro team the… Continue Reading...

As Nature Made Him by John Colapinto

with the child until she (for reasons unspecified in Zucker's paper) stopped returning to Johns Hopkins" (Pg. 252). The biography's exposition commences when David is successfully able to navigate through his new life and find happiness. Normalcy is restored for him when he weds Jane, with whom he has three kids. But the tale's end is not clear on where the subsiding action ends. While the story continues, the start is clear. The end (i.e., the novel's final words) reveals to readers that despite his errors and failed attempts at achieving the impossible, John Money remains ever-ready to walk that… Continue Reading...

Andrea Yates Case

to be insane. He was sent to a psychiatry facility for help ( biography.com Editors, 2017). The McNaughton Rule was adopted in the US and UK and was applied to judge the standard of right and wrong for many years. In fact, the rule is used as a standard of insanity test in nearly half of the states in the USA. The Durham Rule on the other hand made use of scientific research to handle cases of insanity in court. It was a departure for legal formalisms of the McNaughton Rule. Scientific explanation was the basis for judgement. Controversies emerged… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

if some people have different or more malleable moral codes than others ( biography). When it comes to whether we can condemn people that engage in what would seem to be dated or barbaric practices, perhaps the answer involves the intent of the act and the liberty of the person involved. If someone consents to female circumcision or arranged married, for example, then it is technically their choice and thus the ability of others to question or assert anything about the practice is in many ways undermined. However, it would be safe to presume that many arranged marriages and female… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Impact

which had given the Supreme Court the last word with regard to interpreting the Constitution. Marshall's seminal biography by Albert J. Beveridge gave a clear description of the modern day orthodox view. Beveridge asserted that Marshall manipulated Marbury in asserting that within the Judiciary was the exclusive authority to state that a statute was unconstitutional, as well as announce that it was the Supreme Court that had the last word on what was constitutional (Beveridge, 32). This opinion was enthusiastically elaborated by Progressives in the early 1900s, such as Vernon L. Parrington, the historian who stated in his writings… Continue Reading...

Ip Man the Grandmaster and Women in Kung Fu

of the Grandmaster). Wai's purpose is not so much to provide a historical biography of the man as it is to tap into the greater themes that made him who he was and bring that poetic essence out in ways that resemble personification. Thus, Gong Er represents both the gracefulness of Kung Fu -- its delicate and precise nature -- and the way it contradictorily situates one in life (peace may be the desire of artist, but the more kung fu you know the more it seems you are perpetually fighting). Gong Er also represents the director's tendency to… Continue Reading...

The Birth Of Jazz in New Orleans

is seen in the way jazz came to birth there. Also of interest was the biography of Buddy Bolden. I thought this was a particularly good part of the chapter because it let the background history of New Orleans recede and the life of one particular person to come forward -- and that was Bolden who is known as having a founding role in the birth of jazz. For me, that was the best part of the chapter. What I liked best about this chapter was the story of Buddy Bolden. I thought it was great that his songs were… Continue Reading...

General James Mattis Leadership

The General Patton Approach to Leadership and Success. Inc. Retrieved from: https://www.inc.com/rhett-power/the-general-patton-approach-to-leadership-and-success.html Reilly, M. (2017).General Stanley McChrystal: A biography. New York: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Russell, J. R. (2013). With rifle and bibliography: General Mattis on professional reading. STRIFE. Retrieved from: http://www.strifeblog.org/2013/05/07/with-rifle-and-bibliography-General-mattis-on-professional-reading/ Szoldra, P. (2014). 4 Lessons Every Business Leader Can Learn From Legendary Marine General James ‘Mad Dog’ Mattis. Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/mattis-leadership-talk-2014-7?IR=T Szoldra, P. (2016). Here’s what legendary Marine General James ‘Mad Dog’ Mattis is really like, from people who served with him. Business Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.businessinsider.com/general-mattis-stories-2016-12?IR=T/#that-reputation-was-earned-over-a-44-year-career-in-the-marine-corps-where-he-rose-to-the-highest-rank-of-four-star-general-eventually-retiring-as-the-top-leader-of-us-central-command-in-2013-2 Thompson, M. (2016). Here's What You Need to Know… Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

several pages longer than it needs to be, about a fictitious CEO. The false biography is used as part example, part review test to see how well the reader was paying attention to the principles contained in the book. Yet the authors are not actually testing the reader’s ability to be more attentive, only to point out where the fictitious character might have exhibited inattentional blindness. The reason why the authors seem determined to drive home the example of the CEO is that they became fixated on drawing a connection between inattentional blindness and intuition. In the conclusion, the… Continue Reading...

Lillian Hellman Biography by Kessler Harris

divided into eleven chapters plus the introduction. The introduction outlines Kessler-Harris’s methodology and approach to the biography. Opening with a bold illustration of Hellman posing for an advertisement at age 71, cigarette dangling from her confident, defiant hand. The photograph does encapsulate the life—and indeed the times—of Lillian Hellman, and provides a solid introduction to the tone and purpose of Kessler-Harris’s (2013) biography. As a historian, Kessler-Harris is most interested in the context of Hellman’s career and her popularity, both as context shaped Hellman’s own writing, and also how her audiences and critics received and reacted to Hellman. Also… Continue Reading...

Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, As Founding Fathers

Hamilton. Although each one pursued nation-building differently, their contributions are equally as remarkable. Works Cited “Alexander Hamilton.” biography.com. Retrieved online: https://www.biography.com/people/alexander-hamilton-9326481 “George Washington.” biography.com. Retrieved online: https://www.biography.com/people/george-washington-9524786   Continue Reading...

Conflict in the Story Soldier’s Home

short story. Greenwood: The Penkevill Publishing Company, (1987). 75-79. LAGGC. "Ernest Hemmingway research paper." CUNY.edu (2011). Meyers, Jeffrey. “Hemingway: A biography.” New York: Harper and Row Publishers, (1985). Temper, Kelly. "Factors in “Soldier’s Home” Conflict." Warehouse (n.d.): 3.   Continue Reading...

The Influence Of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns

William Shakespeare: Fact, fiction and modern biographies. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Fernandez, J., 2016. Illustrated biography of William Shakespeare. New Delhi: General Press. Hogg, P., 2008. Robert Burns: The patriot bard. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing. Marche, S., 2012. How Shakespeare change everything. New York: HarperCollins. Continue Reading...

Film Analysis N!ai, the Story Of a !kung Woman

film, which is considered to be more than a biography, highlights the life and change of a group of individuals who are personified through one person’s existence. The film is about the story of N!ai, a !Kung woman who was in her mid-thirties when it was produced by John Marshall and Adrienne Miesmer. This story effectively integrates ethnography and history as it presents scenes from 1950s, which portray N!ai as a young girl and a young wife simultaneously. This film is considered as an important historical piece that shows changes in !Kung society for more than three decades (Marshall… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

Until recently, my political awareness was limited to what I read about or heard around me. Young people are impressionable, and I formed my opinions as amalgamations of what my parents believed, and what I overheard my friends parents say too. The news media, and celebrities I admire also had a strong influence on how I would frame my thinking. All these agents of socialization—my family, the media, my teachers, and my friends—shaped my identity and self-concept, and how I viewed the world. As a young adult, I have deconstructed much of what I learned and realized that I need… Continue Reading...

Marie Antoinette Role and French Revolution

of official or legitimate political agency. [1: “Marie Antoinette biography.” Last modified Jan 4, 2018. https://www.biography.com/people/marie-antoinette-9398996 ] Marie Antoinette was born into power, the daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa, the empress of the mighty Habsburg dynasty based in Vienna.[footnoteRef:2] Yet as a female, Marie Antoinette learned early in life that she had no real will of her own. When she was only fifteen, she was being played like a political pawn for her parents and sent to Paris to marry the then-dauphin King Louis XVI. The marriage was strategic and proved fateful not just for… Continue Reading...

 innocence Of Bruno Hauptmann

baby carriages down a city street,” (“Bruno Richard Hauptmann biography” 1). Hauptmann also escaped from prison and entered the United States using fake identification (“Bruno Richard Hauptmann biography” 1). While his past criminal activities has no direct bearing on the Lindbergh case, the police figured that their suspect fit the profile of someone who would be capable of committing a gruesome crime. Further evidence surfaced in the trial that seemed to more connect Hauptmann to the kidnapping. One was that Hauptmann’s handwriting matched that on the ransom notes, and Hauptmann also made similar spelling mistakes (Linder 1). Another was… Continue Reading...

Katherine Graham and the Washington Post

truthfully, is the story—the essence—of Katherine Graham. This paper will provide a biography of Katherine Graham in order to show why her place in American history is owed to her commitment to setting the record straight. Early Life/Childhood From the very beginning, Graham was different from others. Her father was Jewish—his family from Alsace-Loraine (that oft-fought over stretch of land between France and Germany that was the cause of so many conflicts and wars). Her mother was German Lutheran. Born in 1917, the year the U.S. entered WWI, as Katherine “Kay” Meyer, she was baptized in the Lutheran church… Continue Reading...

2016 Presidential Election Essay

the first lady of the U.S. during the period 1993 through 2001 during husband’s tumultuous tenure as president (Clinton biography, 2016). In 2001, Clinton was elected to the U.S. Senate and was later appointed as the 67th U.S. secretary of state in 2009 where she served until 2013 (Clinton biography, 2016). In 2016, Clinton secured the Democratic Party’s nomination, becoming the first woman in the U.S. history to become a major political party’s presidential nominee (Clinton biography, 2016). The Clinton’s financial fortunes have improved dramatically since their departure from the White House in 2001 when they purportedly claimed they… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

In this Facebook data breach essay, we discuss how Facebook allowed applications to mine user data.  The essay will explain what data was breached, how it was breached, and how that data was used.  Furthermore, the essay will also discuss the repercussions of the breach, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s hearing in front of the United States Senate, issues involving Cambridge Analytical, and information that is being revealed about additional data breaches. In addition to explaining the data breach, the essay will also discuss whether Facebook has a responsibility to users to keep data safe, and the steps that Facebook… Continue Reading...

Bartleby the Scrivener Analysis Essay

Abstract Engaging in a Bartleby, the Scrivener analysis essay is bound to test one’s patience. It is one of the most inscrutable works of Herman Melville. While Melville is perhaps most famous for his nautical adventure tales, this paper delves into the enigmatic cogs and wheels that make this short story a piece of eternal literature. Eternal literature transcends the constraints of time and relatability, touching upon themes and symbols that are indelible to human existence. This paper summarizes the major events of the short story, briefly addresses the main characters, and examines the more predominant themes. Introduction Bartleby, the… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

Abstract Writing a Letter from Birmingham Jail analysis essay offers the student the gift of going back in time to the courage and ferocity of the Civil Rights Movement to examine one of the most eloquent documents of that era. The Civil Rights Era was one of the uglier periods in American history—and one of the most triumphant and inspiring. No document embodies this dichotomy as fully as King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail. In it, King details many of the horrors that black Americans have suffered at the hands of white hatred and complacency. Yet, the letter is without a… Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

[toc] Topics Discuss the presence of Jim Crow laws and their manifestation in the novel and social ramifications. Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark case for maintaining segregation and inequality for blacks. Discuss how this was demonstrated in the novel. Discuss how the economic stresses of the time added to social tensions in To Kill a Mockingbird. Tom Robinson is a black man charged with rape of a white woman, tried by a white jury. Discuss the problems inherent in this situation that will ensure he won’t receive a fair trial. Discuss the parallelisms between Boo Radley and Tom Robinson.… Continue Reading...

King David

evils spirits,” David was a veritable life saver for King Saul.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Steven Mackenzie, King David: A biography, Oxford University Press (2000), 56.] [3: Steven Mackenzie, King David: A biography, Oxford University Press (2000), 56.] David was not only musically gifted and beloved of God (which is why he was anointed), he was also strong and fit and would later play a great role in leading the army of Israel (and in single-handedly slaying Goliath). However, as David ascended in power, eventually replacing Saul on the throne, his baser nature also came to the fore. He is described by… Continue Reading...

King David

life saver for King Saul.[footnoteRef:3] [2: Steven Mackenzie, King David: A biography, Oxford University Press (2000), 56.] [3: Steven Mackenzie, King David: A biography, Oxford University Press (2000), 56.] David was not only musically gifted and beloved of God (which is why he was anointed), he was also strong and fit and would later play a great role in leading the army of Israel (and in single-handedly slaying Goliath). However, as David ascended in power, eventually replacing Saul on the throne, his baser nature also came to the fore. He is described by researchers as not only being Machiavellian… Continue Reading...

Chef Grant Achatz Biography Essay

software mogul that decided to study the science of food. Write a small biography of that person. Then write about one of the discoveries or innovations that they have contributed to the culinary world. In that research you should discuss the driving force that led to that discovery, how or what the process was that occurred to make the innovation and then discuss the impact of the innovation on the culinary world as well as the rest of the world or region that may be affected by it. Then, if you wish, write how this innovation/discovery may have impacted… Continue Reading...

China Mao and the Cultural Revolution

Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China Wild Swans is the story of three generations of women in China in the 20th century. The author is Jung Chang: her autobiography comprises the last third section of the book; the first two sections are devoted to telling the story of her grandmother Yu-Fang and her mother Bao Qin. Instead of writing a straight autobiography, Chang chose to begin her story two generations back—the purpose being to provide not only personal historical context but also a sense of the cultural historical context in which her family came into being. By beginning the book… Continue Reading...

Mel Gibson

children from being drafted into the Vietnam War (“Mel Gibson biography”). Mel Gibson completed his high school and university education in the Sydney area, where he also became involved in theater. His forays into acting eventually earned him a role in Mad Max, his first major acting role. The first Mad Max movie came out in 1979; by the third sequel Mad Max: Beyond Thunderdome in 1985, Gibson was earning over a million dollars for his acting performances (“Mel Gibson biography”). In 1987, Gibson starred alongside Danny Glover in the buddy action movie Lethal Weapon. Gibson made his directorial… Continue Reading...

Charlotte Perkins Gilman “the Yellow Wallpaper”

controlled by men. Works Cited Anderson, Margaret. “19th century Childbirth.” University of Adelaide. 26 May 2018. Web. http://adelaidia.sa.gov.au/subjects/19th-century-childbirth “Charlotte Perkins Gilman.” biography.com. 26 May 2018. Web. https://www.biography.com/people/charlotte-perkins-gilman-9311669 Crowder, Sarah. “Feminist Gothic in ‘The Yellow Wallpaper.’” Lone Star College. 26 May 2018. Web. http://www.lonestar.edu/yellow-wallpaper.htm Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper.” 1899. 26 May 2018. Web. https://csivc.csi.cuny.edu/history/files/lavender/wallpaper.html Marland, Hilary. “’The Yellow Wallpaper’: A 19th-century Short Story of Nervous Exhaustion and the Perils of Women’s ‘Rest Cures.’ The Conversation. 27 Feb 2018. 26 May 2018. Web. http://theconversation.com/the-yellow-wallpaper-a-19th-century- short-story-of-nervous-exhaustion-and-the-perils-of-womens-rest-cures-92302 Martin, Diana. “Charlotte Perkins Gilman and ‘The Yellow Wallpaper.” 1 May 2007. 26 May 2018. Web https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/10.1176/ajp.2007.164.5.736 Continue Reading...

Clint Eastwood

Depression, during which his family moved around in search of work. Eastwood has one younger sister (“ biography: Clint Eastwood” 1). Eastwood worked a series of odd jobs, mainly manual labor, until he was drafted into the army in 1950. During his time in the Army, Eastwood proudly recalls how he managed to skillfully avoid combat in the Korean War by becoming a lead swim instructor (Schickel 50). Eastwood exhibited traits of the proudly rebellious antihero that many of Eastwood’s films would later depict. He was discharged from the Army three years later, after which he moved to Los Angeles… Continue Reading...

When Memory Speaks Autobiography by Jill Conway Essay

Essay Prompt: Creative Non-Fiction Book/Movie Review 1. Write a 4-5 page book OR film review about one of the texts on the course—or choose from one of the texts below. You cannot write about one of the books, films, or authors you will be presenting on. Feel free to expand on one of your journal entries but be sure to add secondary sources to enhance your research. Submit a typed copy during the first class following reading week. Electronic submissions will not be accepted.  * Use proper MLA format:  * See  Libraries for how to write a book review:  http://seneca.libguides.com/c.php?g=20655&p=120055… Continue Reading...

Hannah Hoch

The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi Germany. NY: Abrams, 1992. Blumberg, Naomi. “Hannah Hoch.” https://www.britannica.com/ biography/Hannah-Hoch#ref1204320 Gaze, Delia. Dictionary of Women Artists, Volume One. London: Taylor & Francis, 1997. Goebbels, J. “Around the Gedachtniskirche.” Germany History Docs, 1928. http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_document.cfm?document_id=3860 Harris, Beth and Steven Zucker. “Hannah Hoch: Cut with the Kitchen Knife.” Khan Academy. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-1010/wwi-dada/dada1/v/hannah-h-ch-cut-with-the-kitchen-knife-1919-20 Makela, Maria. "Hannah Höch". In: Louise R. Noun (ed.), Three Berlin Artists of the Weimar Era: Hannah Höch, Käthe Kollwitz, Jeanne Mammen. Des Moines, Iowa: Des Moines Art Center, 1994. Makela, Maria and Peter Boswell. The Photomontages of Hannah Hoch. Walker Art Center, 1996. Tzara, Tristan. “Dada Manifesto,” 1918. http://www.391.org/manifestos/1918-dada-manifesto-tristan-tzara.html#.Vy9504SDGko Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

The Evolution of American Identity Through Literature The diversity within the American experience, and as well within the canon of American literature, precludes the possibility of singling out two or even ten of the novels, poems, or short stories that best encapsulate what it means to be American. From the colonial and early national era and the fledgling formation of national identity through the struggles of emancipation from slavery and transcendentalism, onwards to the industrial and capitalist eras, American literature has provided an accurate reflection of the lives of individuals and communities that comprise life in different regions of the… Continue Reading...

The Meaning Of American Identity

Echoes of the Colonial Era in American Identity Essay The American Identity during the 1700s was still very much in development. Prior to the American Revolution in the latter half of the century, the colonists for the most part considered themselves subjects of England and the British crown. They had a king, they had local governments in their territories with members who represented the crown, but their identity as citizens of an autonomous, independent nation was not nearly as full-fledged as it is today. The American Identity really came into being thanks to writings of individuals like Ben Franklin, whose… Continue Reading...