Biology Essays


Gender Equality

the person as they age and what direction their mind and biology take them as they age (Monash, 2016). As for gender and the workforce, women have commonly been subjugated and minimalized in terms of their roles and options for much of the history of the United States. The last century, however, has been pivotal in terms of changes for women. Of course, much progress remaisn to be gained but the overall trend is obviously quite good. In 1920, women were only about a fifth of all workers, as they made up 21% of the workforce at that point.… Continue Reading...

Sexuality and Gender at Work

disorder in which confusion about one's gender based on one's biology is identified as a psychological issue. Homosexuality does not necessarily mean that confusion is present. One can, in other words, engage in homosexual behavior without being confused about one's gender or having issues identifying as a male or female. Thus, this disorder is still preserved because it is distinct from homosexuality. 5. Heterosexism and transphobia in the workplace can negatively effect heterosexual workers by making it seem like all heterosexuals must view themselves as normal and homosexuals or transgender individuals as abnormal, when such may not be the… Continue Reading...

How Stem Cells Can Help Spinal Cords

ourselves, let's turn back and finish up with the research stage. The biology of stem cells is such that they are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and through the act of mitosis can produce more stem cells. They are like the repair guys that you call when your house gets hit by a strong wind. They come with the tools and rebuild the house. In adults like yourself, stem cells replenish tissue. Now, there are two main types of stem cells -- embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Scientists in laboratories have worked on producing other… Continue Reading...

The Secret Lion by Alberto Alvaro Rios Review

that they receive. Behavior change is possibly a function of biology. The boys are entering teenage life and changes in their bodies are beginning to show. Moreover, the boys can differentiate between right and wrong. Such changes can be inferred from how they use obscenities in arroyo. They cannot ask for the meaning of certain words in class because they want to keep away from trouble. They are wiser now. The boys are aware of the possibility of being unruly at school and at home, so they find a channel to vent their pent-up energies in the arroyo. In… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

certainly appears the intellectual superior if not the socio-economic superior. Hardy also shows how Marty uses her biology -- symbolized by her hair -- to ironically showcase how she and not Fitzpiers perpetuates the biological lineage of the species. It is not Fitzpiers's seed, but Marty's hair that turns out to be the sign of biological and ethical superiority. Fitzpiers comes across as being an intellectual inferior, a man utterly lacking in common sense as well as moral scruples. He lies. He cheats. He was duped into believing that Charmond's hair was actually that of an upper class lady, on… Continue Reading...

Application for Medicine Studies Motivational

Medicine as a discipline is predominantly rooted in science, particularly biology and chemistry. My strong performance in and enjoyment of sciences makes me an ideal candidate for medical school. Nevertheless, my greatest motivation to pursue the field comes from my passion for serving people. Right from elementary school through to college, I have always been passionate about serving people in a direct way. I have participated in numerous volunteer and community initiatives, which have further strengthened my desire to serve people. Serving people gives me satisfaction more than anything else. Medicine is… Continue Reading...

Organizational Leadership

How might researchers study the effectiveness of inclusive leadership with regard to overall organizational effectiveness and competitiveness? Why is this effective methodology? Researchers may achieve this by combining longitudinal and cross-sectional technique. The sample for the research will be chosen from the whole economic sector or from maximum possible industries such as banks, telecommunication, the public sector, construction and building, hospitality, agriculture, and so forth. This way, generalization of extended and replicated study outcomes may be achieved more confidently for a bigger group of individuals. Respondents will be administered the following Likert scales: Inclusive Leadership, Personnel Creativity, Personnel Work Engagement,… Continue Reading...

Historical Use Of Alchemilla Vulgaris Herb

Lady Mantle (Alchemilla Vulgaris) Herb Lady's mantle has been identified as a perennial herbaceous plant that belongs to the family of Rose (Rosaceae). The plant has kidney-shaped lower leaves and an erect stem that has been attached on slender stalks. However, the upper leaves of lady's mantle are similar in shape where all part of the plants is covered with soft hairs. Lady's mantle belongs to the species of Alchemilla Vulgaris and possessing similar herbal and medicinal properties. While many of the Alchemilla's family are cultivated, the history of Lady's mantle started in medieval period where medieval chemists collected dew… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.  However, there have been numerous difficulties over the years to identify a… Continue Reading...

Philosophy

cause of existence. In the same manner in which Aristotle perceives purpose in systems of biology and anatomy, final causality of human beings is seen as well. This is because in their nature, human beings are prepared and bound for a final end (Hassing, 1997). In accordance to Aristotle, taking into consideration that human beings are inherently rational, an argument can be made that rationality is the final cause of human beings and that our ultimate and fundamental purpose is to live up to our rationality. However, there are key aspects that have to be taken into consideration. For… Continue Reading...

Intervention Plan for Carlos

The following multimodal evaluation procedure is recommended for Carlos: Semi-Structured Clinical Interview The foremost component of an informal evaluation of traumatized individuals entails semi-structured interviewing, in which the following details of the patient ought to be garnered: • Demographic facts • Employment history • Medical history • Educational history • Social history and • Several specific facts. Such an interview must be closely founded on minor and major trauma disorder facets (James, 2008). Particular questions to be posed to Carlos are linked to: • Trauma nature and level of exposure • Definite trauma integral to PTS (post-traumatic stress) symptoms •… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

is related to several theoretical perspectives but obviously draws from biology and neuroscience as well as developmental psychology to show how the brain processes both written and verbal language at different ages (Edwards, n.d.). This research can also help researchers understand the etiology of learning disabilities. Similarly, the issues related to reading comprehension can help show how learning disabilities can affect reading specifically as well as language more generally, but perhaps not math or other types of cognitive processing. Decontextualized language is fascinating because it is more linked with abstract cognitive processing and the theoretical perspectives used in cognitive… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

are the unclear and influenced biological workings of social conduct. This non-specification of the way biology impacts criminal behavior and other difficultly adapted ones, as well as a leaning towards racial discrimination, was the origin of the consequences of policy which are seen as immoral by the modern society. The erroneous opinions of politicians have also played a part in the opposition certain criminology researchers have to the biological hypothesis. A number of common literature on criminology are still focused on the effects of the biological hypothesis in which they discuss the effects of medication and the opinion that… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

Vugt, M. (2009). The Origins and Evolution of Leadership. Current biology, 19(19), pp.911-916. Larson, R. and Tran, S. (2014) Invited commentary: Positive youth development and human complexity. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 43: pp.1012-1017. Luthans, F. (1988) Successful vs. effective real managers. Academy of Management Executive, 2(2): pp. 127-132. Marshall, S., Parker, P., Ciarrochi, J. and Heaven, P. (2014) Is self-esteem a cause or consequence of social support? A 4-year longitudinal study. Child Development, 85(3): pp.1275-1291. Maslanka, A. (2004) Evolution of leadership theories. Masters Theses: Paper 655. Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (2011) How you can be an effective… Continue Reading...

Multivariate Statistics Compare and Contrast

multicollinearity. Industries and job types that commonly use cluster analysis include medicine, marketing, education and biology. A real-world example of this method being used is when organizations behind standardized testing batteries assemble the data after the fact. Indeed, there will be clusters and groupings of scores and those groupings can be parsed and analyzed. A modern company. The research firm to which this report is being presented can use this method themselves to help arrange and interpret data that scores on a wide and seemingly random plotting surface such as performance scores, test scores relating to whether employees know… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism As a Separate School Of Thought

school of thought presented their work as fundamentally different from the other life sciences like biology, but also different from psychoanalysis. Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner each sought to apply the scientific method to the study of human behavior. Unlike Freud and the psychoanalysts, Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner did not care much about the unconscious mind. To a degree, Skinner was interested in the ways the subconscious mind could be influenced by stimuli, and how human behavior was an expression of learned behavior via operant conditioning. However, behaviorists were totally different in their methodologies and their research questions from other… Continue Reading...

Breakfast Club Film Review and Analysis

highlights the developmental markers observed in the film, especially with respect to gender, biology, and cognition. The paper also highlights various socialization agents (specifically school and family) and how they impact the individual. [1: The Breakfast Club (1985)] The Breakfast Club features five teenagers detained all day at Shermer High School. A number of developmental markers are evident in the film. One of the markers is gender. Gender essentially refers to the social classification of male and female. As adolescents grow, they gain familiarity with gender norms, roles, and expectations. They become more aware of what it means to… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

Confronting the ethical challenges of big data in public health. PLoS computational biology, 11(2), e1004073. Bond, C. S., Ahmed, O. H., Hind, M., Thomas, B., & Hewitt-Taylor, J. (2013). The conceptual and practical ethical dilemmas of using health discussion board posts as research data. Journal of medical Internet research, 15(6). Signorini, A. (2014). Use of social media to monitor and predict outbreaks and public opinion on health topics. The University of Iowa. Chowell, G., Cleaton, J. M., & Viboud, C. (2016). Elucidating transmission patterns from internet reports: Ebola and middle east respiratory syndrome as case studies. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 214(suppl_4), S421-S426. Harvard School of… Continue Reading...

Cell Phones Can Cause Cancer

Y., Herberman, R. B., & Davis, D. L. (2012). Exposure limits: the underestimation of absorbed cell phone radiation, especially in children. Electromagnetic biology and Medicine, 31(1), 34-51. Kesari, K. K., Siddiqui, M., Meena, R., Verma, H. N., & Kumar, S. (2013). Cell phone exposure on brain and associated biological systems. IJEB, 51(3). Nylund, R., & Leszczynski, D. (2006). Mobile phone radiation causes changes in gene and protein expression in human endothelial cell lines and the response seems to be genome?and proteome?dependent. Proteomics, 6(17), 4769-4780 Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development and Film Breakfast Club

case study to explore developmental issues related to gender, biology, and cognition. The paper also highlights various socialization agents (specifically school and family) and how they impact the individual’s self-concept, identity, and social role. The Breakfast Club features five teenagers detained all day at Shermer High School. Several developmental markers are evident in the film. One of the markers is gender. Gender essentially refers to the social classification of male and female, and is totally different from biological sex. As adolescents grow, they gain familiarity with gender norms, roles, and expectations. They become more aware of what it means… Continue Reading...

Biological Diversity Of Today

term which refers to the amount and degree of diversity found within living biology. Biodiversity is likely best measured as the sum total of the number of existent creatures, systems, and variety of creatures found within the world at large (National Geographic, 2016). In order to best understand the significance of this statement, it is necessary to codify biodiversity into three different varieties. There are ecosystems, species, and genes which comprise all of the variety found within the notion of biodiversity (National Wildlife Federation, 2016). Therefore, all that is needed to determine biodiversity is to simply add the number… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

Police officers are authorized to use force when necessary, a policy that is generally used to protect innocent people from violence and abuse, and protect the general public from harm. However, the authorization to use force can be easily abused. Police abuse of power in the form of police brutality is an ethical problem because it constitutes abuse of power, and also leads to mistrust of law enforcement. Mistrust of law enforcement in turn undermines the authority and legitimacy of the police and prevents cooperative measures of stopping crime like community policing models. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics… Continue Reading...

Lichens As Bio-indicators

C. Gries. \"Lichens as indicators of air pollution.\" Air Pollution. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1991. 1-29. Nash, Thomas H., ed. Lichen biology. Cambridge University Press, 1996. Pinho, P., et al. \"Mapping Lichen Diversity as a First Step for Air Quality Assessment.\" Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 1-3, Sept. 2004, pp. 377-389. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10874-004-1253-4. Showman, R. E. \"Mapping air quality with lichens, the North American experience.\" Lichens, bryophytes and air quality (1988): 67-89. Stapper, N. J., and V. John. \"Monitoring climate change with lichens as bioindicators.\" 2268-3798 (2015). Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

of beliefs or system of thought that contains a theology, philosophy, ethics, biology, psychology, sociology, economics, politics, law and history.”[footnoteRef:12] Secular humanism clearly does not rise to the level of a religion for a number of reasons. While secular humanists espouse a nebulous ethical doctrine and draw on the various sciences listed above (as well as others),[footnoteRef:13] secular humanism as a worldview cannot be regarded as a religion because it fails to include the fundamental concepts of transcendence, the existence of supernatural explanations for otherwise seemingly natural events, or the need for subjugation to a quid pro quo relationship… Continue Reading...

The Zika Virus Threat to the United States

Abstract Zika, that was identified accidentally in Uganda in 1947 in the midst of insect and primate monitoring, had so far stayed as a hidden virus limited to a slim equatorial belt functioning along Africa and running into Parts of Asia. Not much is known with regards to ZIKV’s release in the US. Phylogenetic studies suggest that the virus originated with the French Polynesian ZIKV force came into Brazil around May and Dec of 2013. The unparalleled dimension and impact from the ZIKV pandemic within the Americas could be the all-natural consequence of a unique release right into a big… Continue Reading...

Effective Communication Letter Of Advice

resolve conflicts in a healthier way, and also have more empathy and understanding for your partner. Understanding that socialization, not biology, has driven your partner to react or communicate in certain ways may help you develop compassion and empathy. As Romo (2015) also points out, couples may encounter specific communications challenges when addressing difficult subjects like their finances. Sociocultural differences in how finances are perceived and addressed also intersect with gender identity. For instance, some men feel that they are responsible for being the primary earner and may feel emasculated if their female partner earns more than they do. Being… Continue Reading...

Chef Grant Achatz Biography Essay

machines and procedures earlier focused on only by industrial food producers and biology researchers. Achatz is clearly the most successful American chef in terms of his well-balanced appealing and weird tastes, owing, perhaps, to his intensive internship under Keller (Kummer, 2007). Labeled one among the most creative chefs worldwide, his Alinea restaurant proves his leadership status in the innovative molecular cooking style (Price, 2016). The meals he whips up resemble abstract sculptures; the chef is known for integrating tastes and textures akin to how artists combine hues and shapes. A case of tongue cancer in 2007 left Achatz finding all foods… Continue Reading...

Genentech Book Analysis Business Science

can set a precedent. Genentech established the biotech and genetic engineering sector to the point where “molecular biology was becoming practical, profitable, and controversial in a manner never before experienced,” (Hughes 4). Their risks and hard work paid off, as soon after shifting their corporate structure and business practices, Boyer and Swanson enjoyed watching a startlingly high IPO that led also to the “largest gain in stock market history,” (Hughes 4). Some of the gains were speculative and artificial, but it showed how hungry investors were for new ideas, and especially for the potential that genetic engineering science seemed… Continue Reading...

Clinical Diagnosis Of Patient Condition

Diagnosis and Assessment in a Clinical Setting Given the information provided in the subjective portion of the note, the clinician would want to find out if the patient has ever engaged in anal intercourse. If the patient has engaged in such intercourse, the clinician would want to know how many partners she’s had in this regard and when was the last incidence of anal intercourse. The clinician would also want to find out if the patient used protection when engaging this form of intercourse. Getting the total number of partners that this woman has had over the past year might… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Anthropology Today

the extent to which these findings can be used to develop a better understanding of the respective roles of biology and the environment on modern gender roles (Mazzarella, 2002). The use of anthropological studies to investigate the impact of biological influences versus environment factors just makes good sense given the discipline’s focus on developing a better understanding concerning how human society affects modern gender roles. Certainly, the influence of environmental factors has long been of interest to anthropological investigators. For instance, Andrews and Sayers (2011) report that, “As children, we learn from watching other, usually older, children playing [and]… Continue Reading...

Book Trade Between China and France an Assessment

A review of the translations at the time indicates that in comparison to other subjects, mathematics and biology appeared to be regarded highly (figure 3). This is also true in relation to geo-science. Figure 3: Mathematics and biology primacy Earlier on, Western researchers had compiled pieces that defined and assessed the strata, fauna, as well as flora of China. Thus translations in geography and geology were merely a re-introduction of information that was readily available in this specific setting. Most of the translations during the Min-Guo period were mainly focused on recent advances in science and largely concerned themselves… Continue Reading...

Monsanto and Gmos

and salt than less-processed foods” (Federation of American Societies for Experimental biology, 2015). If the United States government wishes to help its citizens, it must do by improving food quality. That means eliminating GMOs and the power of the company that propels them to the forefront, Monsanto. GMO is not the way to go; GMO must go! Conclusion In conclusion, GMO foods are a serious and growing problem in the United States. At the forefront? Monsanto. GMO is not the way to go and to thwart the efforts of a company like Monsanto, one must be willing to work… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

Introduction The drug, marijuana, is actually not as lethal to human beings as cigarettes or alcohol. Further, it is much less addictive, being generally consumed in far lesser quantities. It is also not strongly linked to accidents, risky sexual conduct, and violence, the way alcohol is. Lastly, one can never lose one’s life to marijuana overdose. While a small share of individuals who consume marijuana do develop addiction, this issue can be easily treated. Marijuana in the form of a medicine proves effective in dealing with various acute symptoms such as wasting diseases, nausea and vomiting. Marijuana is very commonly… Continue Reading...

Health Information Technology Benefits

(2006). Security and privacy issues with health care information technology. In Engineering in Medicine and biology Society, 2006. EMBS'06. 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE (pp. 5453-5458). IEEE. Velamuri, S. R., & Venkataraman, S. (2005). Why stakeholder and stockholder theories are not necessarily contradictory: A Knightian insight. Journal of Business Ethics, 61(3), 249-262. Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

an effect-factor journal, thereby being a credible source. Academic Journals publishes several peer-reviewed physical science, biology and social science journals. Gaps in credibility have to be taken into account and dealt with at every level of research planning, publication and reporting, irrespective of research design (Skelly, 2014). Moreover, researchers’ credibility is established by their roles as senior university faculty at the following renowned Pakistani private universities: University of Central Punjab, University of Central Punjab (Lahore), and International Islamic University. The study’s chief researcher is a doctoral degree holder. But no links have been presented, to any other papers published… Continue Reading...

Physiology Of Extraversion and Introversion Physiology

personality tests used by human resources departments. If personality traits like introversion or extraversion are rooted in biology, then it would also make sense why some people react to drugs and alcohol differently than their peers. The problem is that reactions to drugs and alcohol is also based on other variables, like the setting in which the substances were taken, the person’s pre-existing emotional state, diet, and other factors. Introverts are usually considered shy, withdrawn, and either anxious about or uninterested in social situations. Research shows why that might be the case: introverts have been shown to be more… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

used. Use pseudonyms for descriptors when necessary (e.g. high school #1, biology lab # 2). The setting, especially the treatment setting needs to be described in sufficient details so that the study could be replicated. The setting is often intertwined with the description of the sample. After you have described the sample and setting, you need to identify and describe each group (e.g. treatment, control, etc.). Remember: correlational studies involve two or more variables and only “one group.” Explain the groups’ formations (e.g., random assignment, naturally occurring groups, etc.) and demographic information (e.g., age, ethnicity, gender, grade level, etc.)… Continue Reading...

Boron and Curing Osteoporosis

(2018). Boron intake, osteocalcin polymorphism and serum level in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and biology, 48, 52-56. doi:10.1016/j.jtemb.2018.03.005 Toker, H., Ozdemir, H., Balci Yuce, H., & Goze, F. (2016). The effect of boron on alveolar bone loss in osteoporotic rats. Journal of Dental Sciences, 11(3), 331-337. doi:10.1016/j.jds.2016.03.011   Continue Reading...

Classrooms Stem and Steam Implementation

had support even from professional societies, one of them being American Society for Cell biology (ASCB). They see STEAM as one effective method to interface with the residents. The Committee for Postdocs and Students (COMPASS) helps support STEAM projects through their outreach grants. One such program is the EURICA (Emerging Undergraduate Research-Inspired Cell Art. This is a multidisciplinary science program aimed at raising the interest of students for science. (Hegedus, Segarra, Allen, Wilson, Garr, & Budzinski, 2016) One time the students carried some science experiments and were afterwards required to craft some piece of art based on their experience.… Continue Reading...

Homeostasis Its Effect on the Critically Ill

(Khan Academy, 2018). The positive feedback system is not common in the systems of biology (Palaparthi & Med, 2017). The positive feedback functions to quicken the direction that change is taking such as in lactation. When a child is breastfeeding, mammary glands are massaged, therefore, causing the producing the prolactin hormone from the pituitary gland, where the hormone is secreted. Prolactin release occurs simultaneously in proportion to the act of breastfeeding from the baby. Thermoregulation The loop for negative regulation is a component of thermoregulation. It is the most common phenomena in biological system. In order to homeostasis equilibrium to… Continue Reading...

Parkinson's Disease

Abstract This paper examines the impact of Parkinson’s disease on elderly (65+ years of age) Caucasian males. This is an underserved population in the U.S. 1% of all elderly persons suffer from Parkinson’s and 60% of them are of this underserved population. The paper discusses risk factors that may lead to the onset of this disease but recognizes that the etiology of Parkinson’s is still as of yet unknown. It examines some of the most common health issues of this population and identifies existing barriers to care. The key factors and social determinants of health of this population are discussed… Continue Reading...

Nursing Antibacterial Antimicrobial Antiviral Agents

more systemically when it infects the human body, effectively integrating itself with the host’s biology. Yet in all cases, antimicrobial agents can also harm healthy tissue while allowing both bacteria and viruses to adapt to the antimicrobials. Proper Identification of the Infection Improper administration of antimicrobials can lead to adverse patient outcomes, which is why proper diagnosis precedes pharmacological treatment. Infections also need to be differentiated between infectious versus non-infectious, although in many cases symptomology can be difficult to identify and properly diagnose (Sweeney, Wong & Khatri, 2016). The methods used to identify the pathogen include patient interview, full… Continue Reading...

Salmonella Infection

Salmonella Infection The salmonella bacteria had been the twentieth century’s archetypical organism causing food poisoning, highly notorious for the 1988-89 crisis of salmonella in eggs. By that time, however, it had already been a topic of scientific and public health focus for more than a hundred years. Previously linked to animal foods, phage typing’s introduction during the 1940s started revealing the complex nature of its associations with its environment (Hardy, 2004). Epidemiological Triangle The Agent The salmonella bacterium resides in living beings’ intestines. A majority of individuals contract salmonella infection after consuming feces-contaminated foods. Salmonella is an umbrella term referring… Continue Reading...

Using Nuclear Power to Generate Electricity

expensive. References Brook, B. W., & Bradshaw, C. J. (2015). Key role for nuclear energy in global biodiversity conservation. Conservation biology, 29(3), 702-712. Selimbegovi?, L., Chatard, A., Er-Rafiy, A., & Pyszczynski, T. (2016). Nuclear accident reminders and support for nuclear energy: Paradoxical effect. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 48, 87-100.   Continue Reading...

The Stages Of Childhood Development Physical Cognitive

motor responses,” (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009, p. 144). Research in biology and human development shows that infants are developing their sensorimotor skills by engaging with objects, particularly by reaching and grabbing (Rochat, 2003). Also evident at the sensorimotor stage is the infant’s ability to learn via both classical and operant conditioning, such as with the introduction of stimuli to induce specific behavioral responses (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009). Infants demonstrate the ability to form social attachments and exhibit individualized emotional responses, too, with differences depending on environmental factors like parental behavior and culture (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009.… Continue Reading...

History Current Theory and Treatment Of Alzheimer's

History The disease first described and defined in 1906 by Alois Alzheimer and named after him in 1910 has led to tremendous breakthroughs in brain and neurological research, according to the Alzheimer’s Association (2018). Alzheimer, a German physician, analyzed the brains of patients with the characteristic symptoms of the disease including profound and debilitating memory loss, noticing “shrinkage,” as well as “abnormal deposits in and around nerve cells,” (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018, p. 1). Alzheimer also described the amyloid plaques now known to be linked to the symptoms of the disease, as well as neurofibrillary tangles (National Institute on Aging, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Coastal Forests and Woodlands

are some examples of Maritime public access (“Maritime Forest Woodland”). Deciduous forests are other types of woodlands in the world, biology Dictionary describes deciduous forests are a biome with main concentration of deciduous trees that lose their leaves seasonally. Categorized into two -temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical forests which are also called dry forests. In tropical deciduous forests, trees lose their leaves in the dry season and regrow them in rainy season; while trees in the temperate deciduous forests, lose their leaves in the fall and regrow them in the spring. They can be found in Asia, North… Continue Reading...

Treatment and Therapy Of Cholera

Q1. Discuss the physicians changing perceptions of the nature of cholera, its treatment, and therapy in 1832, 1849, and 1866. How did these factors change? Why? Today, the general public and physicians alike are well aware of the need for proper sanitation in the public water system. But during the 19th century, knowledge about the spread of germs and disease was less widespread, and cholera, although widely accepted as a serious threat to public health, was still controversial in its ascribed origin. The hero of cholera research is John Snow, who, through the use of city mapping was able to… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

someone will become a drug addict. Addiction risk factors can be determined by several factors including social environment, biology, developmental stage, and age (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2016). The more the risk factors the greater the possibility that someone will end up using drugs and become addicted to them. The biology of a person details the genes with which they are born with. When combined with environmental factors biology accounts for close to ½ of addiction vulnerability. Other factors like gender, other mental disorders, and ethnicity are likely to influence drug addiction and abuse risks (National Institute on… Continue Reading...

Plato and Aristotle on Passion

passion and reason as aspects of human nature or of biology or of the mind or as random impulses produced willy-nilly is insufficient to grasp the most significant point of life, which is the soul’s desire for union with God—the source of all that is good in the world. This one point is at the heart of many of Plato’s Dialogues, and in Phaedo in particular Plato gives a great deal of attention to a discussion of the soul, how knowledge is obtained. Plato argues that ideas are written on the soul when it is created and knowledge is… Continue Reading...

Theory on Memory and Attention

Attention and Memory Introduction One of the most important determinants of how good one can remember something is attention. The reason for this is that learning and the subsequent encoding of information in the brain cannot happen if the learner is not attentive. Additionally, the recall of a piece of information from the brain also cannot happen if one is not attentive. Therefore, attention is one of the most important things for proper functioning as a human being. It is required for intelligence. It has been ascertained that attention is especially useful for the storage of explicit memory (memory about… Continue Reading...

Ocean / Marine Life Conservation

Species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." Journal of Marine biology 2011 (2011): 1-14. Print. Selig et al. "Global Priorities for Marine Biodiversity Conservation." PLoS ONE 9.1 (2014): 1-11. Print. Wing, Kate. "KEEPING OCEANS WILD." Natural Resources Defense Council. Natural Resources Defense Council, Apr. 2001. Web. 27 Apr. 2019. <https://www.nrdc.org/file/4895/download?token=zPleR_C_>. Continue Reading...

Influence Of Child Abuse in Adulthood

development of the brain. Even though the value of genetics and biology in brain development cannot be denied, the brain has the natural capacity to react and eventually adapt to the surrounding environment, a phenomenon known as plasticity (Cuomo et al., 2008). As the human brain starts to grow and mature in adulthood, it forms, strengthens, and sometimes disposes of neural connections that comprise a network between the neurons that infuse the brain of its several functions. An individual’s encounters influence the development of the brain the same way as learning to walk or speak, resulting to various synapses,… Continue Reading...