Colonialism Essays


Heart of Darkness Essay (Example Completed in 2019)

  Joseph Conrad’s novella Heart of Darkness is a fictionalized account of real-life historical events that took place during the colonial era in Africa. The novel centers on the protagonist Charles Marlow, known throughout the book as Marlow. As Marlow travels deeper and deeper down the river on a mission for the Company, he becomes increasingly horrified and shocked by what he sees. Having witnessed first hand the insane cruelty of colonial oppression, Marlow completely reconsiders his own role in the world. Through Heart of Darkness, Conrad conveys anti-colonial sentiments, showing how racism and exploitation are detrimental to all human Continue Reading...

Role Of Women in Developing Culture in Nigeria

as they feel this is both their natural and cultural obligation (Chigbu, 2015). Nigerian females of the period before colonialism played a role in kin group sustenance. Subsistence level economy was maintained in the nation before the colonialists invaded the region, and females effectively took part in economic activities. Besides assuming domestic responsibilities and taking care of children, women were significantly involved in services and goods manufacture and distribution. Farmers and their wives worked shoulder to shoulder in food production. South-Eastern Nigerian women were also known to engage in palm kernel and palm oil production. Furthermore, they undertook local as… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Nigerian Writers in English

over the last fifteen years, expressing the struggles faced by a nation that is transitioning from colonialism to independence to democracy. Following a long-drawn-out 1967-70 fratricidal internal conflict and the oil-boom-turned-oil-doom that led to political and social upsets, the country has still not recovered from, Nigerian writers would inevitably accept a challenge, in my opinion. They have developed the different forms of Nigerian literature into a societal act against new Nigerian society's 'wantonness' (Barclays Foubiri Ayakoroma, 2014). The Northern Nigerian literary conference saw the country's writers brainstorming on how they could establish institutions aimed at promoting Hausa literature. These… Continue Reading...

Native American Art in Southwest

a medium of social and political protest. Seeing Native Americans through the eyes of Europeans is an act of symbolic colonialism. The Indian is an exotic "other," who has no voice and who is objectified and subjected to judgment and discrimination. However, some artists manage to go beyond the objectification of the Indian to make a real statement about the relationship between colonizer and colonized. The engagement with the art of the Southwest shows how European-Americans grapple with their own role as spectators in the land that belongs to the Native person. Even when those people have been displaced, as… Continue Reading...

African Slave Trade

Africa, right from initial trade relationships to the barbaric 2nd Atlantic-Era slave business. What is usually overlooked in European colonialism discussions is the fact that Portugal's rulers significantly endeavored to honor as well as sustain their positive relationship with Africa (Northrup, 2002). Western African nation, Benin, was one of the foremost nations to provide support to the barbaric slave trade, cruelly and enthusiastically bartering its very own low-class citizens for new materials and goods. The Portuguese could easily purchase Benin's poor as slaves every now and again. However, state policy continually resisted allowing human trade to dictate its relationship… Continue Reading...

Behn’s Oroonoko and Its Character Symbolization

British were starting to view cultural and racial disparities and their personal contribution to the slave business and colonialism. Behn's tale, somewhat broadly, is one text that demonstrates the way European literature on the subjects of slavery, colonization and race evolved in the course of the 17th and 18th centuries. Questioning Slavery Oroonoko's inspirational speech to fellow slaves clearly makes Behn's work the very first English-language fictional work speaking against slavery. The lead character of the tale addresses his fellow slaves thus: "And why, my dear friends and fellow-sufferers, should we be slaves to an unknown people? No, but… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Nigerian Terrorism

non-Christian. Nigerian independence was created as a vestige of colonialism, and still carried with it systematic oppression, social and economic hierarchy, and enabling of rampant poverty and exploitation. The violence of socio-economic and political oppression has now been twisted into the wretched violence of Boko Haram. The best way to understand Boko Haram and prevent future insurgency is to frame the organization within Fanon's discourse, to show that terrorist violence is an expression of genuine anger and pain. Continue Reading...

Contemporary Art 21st Century Asia

20th century, Korean art aimed to assert Korean culture and identity and extricate Korea from the ravages of colonialism. Korean art has therefore been strongly political, but also integral to Korean identity construction. Crucial to Korean identity construction was the search for uniquely Korean elements in art, reflecting the specific styles of Buddhism and political structures inherent in the society. Yet other 20th century Korean work bears elements of almost a primitive style, imbued with nostalgia for a pre-industrial past like Lee in-Sung's "Local Colors," which is controversial due to its hearkening to the ways European artists Orientalized local… Continue Reading...

Pacific Island and Aboriginal Art 1980

have been permanently lost in the ravages of the colonial era. In the eras following contact and colonialism, the arts of the aboriginal and the South Pacific changed under the gaze of the colonialist. Christianity permeated the lives of the people throughout the region, leading to the disconnection between art and its mana. Naturally, the art of Oceania depended on mana for thousands of years. Divorced from its ritual and religious context, the art became simply objects of decor that would be traded on global markets. Then there was the systematic appropriation of aboriginal and Pacific Island motifs and materials… Continue Reading...

Relationship Of Food and Ritual in India

diet, no matter what one's caste was. It was a holdover from the days of British colonialism. Outside the ashram and dormitory, Hindu children lived on wholly veg diets: they did not consume eggs or beef or any such foods. The children under Aunty's and the priests' care were given these foods on holidays -- and there were many holidays in the Church's calendar -- so in this sense these orphans and the boarders who stayed there from town did have life much better. With new leaders governing India now though there was some concern among Aunty and the… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

Introduction According to Phinney and Alipuria (1987), ethnic self-identity is the sense of self that an individual feels; being a member of an ethnic group, along with the behavior and attitudes with that feeling (p. 36). The authors point out that the development of ethnic identity is an evolution from the point of an ethnic identity that is not examined through an exploration period, so as to resonate with a specified and attained ethnic identity (p. 38). Ethnic identity refers to a feeling, attitude and identification of one with the behavior and character of people of a specified culture and… Continue Reading...

Comparison Of the Theme Of “granny” and “shame Amah”

in 1962 that explored how Chang has been able to resist colonialism through her series of her texts.(Shen, 5) Eileen Chang published Shame of Amah in 1944 in the Chinese language before being translated into English. Typically, Shame of Amah "belongs to Eileen Chang brilliant series of portrait of China's largest port city in Shanghai".(Chang 4). The Shame of Amah is well known for its freezing irony, caustic sarcasm and vision of reality contribute to the Chang fiction. Referring back at the theme Granny, typically, Granny was not a sophisticated lady compared to the western lady and other high… Continue Reading...

Caliban and Prospero in the Tempest

He also never challenges Prospero's domination of the island. Overall, The Tempest is a play that validates colonialism in the persona of Caliban. Even though it allows the audience to feel some sympathy towards Caliban, by making Caliban such a terrible figure, including his attempts to rape Miranda, it is difficult for the audience to accept him completely. By making Prospero sympathetic, despite Prospero's actions towards Ariel and the fact he imprisons Caliban, the audience is inclined to accept Prospero's conquest of the island. Prospero One of the most unusual aspects of The Tempest is the ways in which Prospero… Continue Reading...

Latin American Revolution

only in preserving its own bureaucratically ill-gotten gains? Whether it was colonialism, authoritarianism (such as is seen today) or the threat of foreign invasion, the tactics of revolutionary response have always centered around the need to resist—the need to resist the philosophical underpinnings of the opposition and the need to assert one’s own sense of self-governance. Some have attempted to overthrow governments, others have attempted to work within governmental structures, and some have moved away, attempting to flee the reach of the imposing opposition. Revolution today is something new in the sense that it is taking a more pragmatic, practical… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

same problems in the villages. In Things Fall Apart, Achebe juxtaposes gender issues with colonialism. Ultimately, the author shows that moral codes and gender norms both need to be universal and not based on religion or superstition. References Achebe, C. (1958). Things Fall Apart. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Continue Reading...

Missionaries

also be viewed within the overall historical context of colonialism and the evolution of post-colonial missionary work. One of the letters refers to the Beebout’s visit to a former slave trade port in Benin, as the authors reflect on the inhumanity of slavery without mentioning the complicity of Christians with the institution of slavery in the United States. Message A collection of videos and letters offer primary source data about the nature of Jeremy and Susan Beebout’s missions within the RCA. The most recently touted mission is the partnership with the Evangelical Church of the Republic of Niger (EERN).… Continue Reading...

Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf Analysis

from watching her acquaintance succumb to the horrors of a patriarchal society bent on war, colonialism, injustice, and sexism. Septimus’s death also means the death of his marriage with Lucrezia, symbolizing the death of hope in any alternative to the heteronormative patriarchal structure that presides in British society. The power structures that keep patriarchy in its place are elucidated firmly: including the military and the medical establishments. Septimus was drawn to fighting for his country out of a romantic sense of duty; instead his soul was raped and killed. When he tries to rediscover his identity and regain footing… Continue Reading...

American Television Sitcoms Representation Of Asian Women

from oppression by savage non-white males from her culture, because of the inherent barbarity of Asia. Whiteness and colonialism’s carrying of the white man’s burden has an additional responsibility to protect women (white and non-white). Methodology This paper will analyze several modern texts depicting Asian women, including Asian-focused sitcoms such as Fresh off the Boat as well as Asian secondary characters in multinational, multiracial sitcoms. It will examine the degree to which their representation of Asian women conforms to existing cultural stereotypes. It will contrast these images with earlier, stereotypical representations of Asian women using the Orientalist theory of… Continue Reading...

The Portrayal Of Asian American Women

Orwell’s major concerns during his life was the issue of imperialism and colonialism which is reflected in his first published novel, Burmese Days. Orwell’s own political purpose in this novel was to convince the reader that imperialism was morally wrong (Shabanirad & Marandi, 2015, p. 22). Countries in Asia like Vietnam and the Philippines, had to deal with invasion by European forces, where they’ve had to endure a forced culture on them. From forced religious beliefs, to forced beauty standards, this plays a role in how Asians are perceived and how the image of Orientalism is cultivated. Asian Americans… Continue Reading...

Colonialism in Higher Education Indigenous

Higher education is a vestige of colonial means of psychological and social control. The political implications of colonialism in higher education include the perpetuation of hegemony, the suppression and subordination of alternative epistemologies, the ongoing political dominion over what constitutes knowledge, and the use of higher education to promote structures and institutions that serve the dominant culture. Although often an unconscious process, the ways colonial mentalities and processes remain entrenched in higher education are directly harmful to individual students and to society as a whole. colonialism in higher education promotes a monolithic worldview that inhibits critical inquiry and creative… Continue Reading...

Neocolonialism Trade and Cocoa

Introduction colonialism marked the expansion and power of countries like Britain and France. The British and French had substantial influence and power in places like Cameroon, Chad, Congo, and South Africa. After some time passed, these former colonies gained independence and attempted to stabilize their respective economies. However, most gained no ground and remained dependent on things like foreign aid to survive. Such hardship brought in a new form of power dynamics, neocolonialism. Neocolonialism is a stark reminder of the power developed… Continue Reading...

Mel Gibson

identity and autonomy in the wake of centuries of British colonialism. In Braveheart, Gibson capitalizes on the near-mythic status of Sir William Wallace, a key figure in Scottish history (Edensor). Because Gibson captured the essence of Scottish nationalism and cultural pride, the film played to “packed houses” throughout Scotland (Edensor 135). Yet Gibson’s film also “resonated with American audiences and critics in a way that few medieval-themed films have been able to accomplish (Sharp 251). The reason for its widespread appeal is that Braveheart is about the triumph of the ordinary man over the far more powerful elite. Gibson… Continue Reading...

Africa from Colonialism to Neocolonialism

The Post-Colonial World Outlook in Africa: From colonialism to Neocolonialism? Background During the colonial era, vast regions of Africa and Asia were taken over and subsequently dominated by the more powerful western nations. In essence, the main agenda of colonialism was exploitative – with economically stronger nations seeking to exert control over weaker and less developed countries so as to exploit both their human and natural resources. Also, colonial powers deemed their colonies as viable markets for their products. The cultural and social aspects of the subjugated countries… Continue Reading...

Algeria France and the Mersault Investigtion

and also in showcasing how his brother’s anonymity symbolizes the dehumanization of colonialism. Therefore, Harun’s declaration of respect for Camus’s literary prowess is ironic because it gives credence to the overarching structures of colonialism that enabled his brother’s murder in the first place. Harun does show, however, that it is possible to disparage the structure of colonialism while still being able to respect or admire the vestiges of French civilization. Because Camus also presented a dichotomous view of colonialism in The Stranger, Harun is able to deftly balance the need on the one hand to expose the French author’s… Continue Reading...

Imperialism the Industrial Revolution and Management

its economic, political, and cultural life,” (“What is Imperialism?” n.d. ,p. 1). Imperialism and its counterpart, colonialism, were commonly practiced until the twentieth century but still occurs to a degree today. One of the driving forces behind imperialism is the desire to access raw materials and human resources. If an imperial power, like Britain was for centuries, had sufficient wealth and manpower, it could send envoys to foreign lands. The imperial power would then use whatever means necessary to access the natural and human resources in those foreign lands, such as by forming strategic alliances or by using force.… Continue Reading...

Black Panther Movie Critic Review

the nation so rich in natural resources that it was spared the horrors of colonialism and slavery. Advanced beyond its time, the nation harnesses the power of technology to hide its many blessings, playing the role of a starved, underprivileged nation, when in reality it is flourishing and prospering. This secrecy helps to protect it from the global racism that still exists today. This mythology is so important because it is healing to the individual and the collective. Slavery and anti-black racism have a lengthy history in America, and their repercussions are still being felt today. Black Panther gives… Continue Reading...

The Book Trade in Early Modern China

printed material and books was used to advance the interests of colonialism and knowledge in a very biased and self-interested rather than dispassionate manner. Works Cited Chen, Songchuan. “An Information War Waged by Merchants and Missionaries at Canton: The Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge in China, 1834-1839.” Modern Asian Studies, 46. 6 (2012), 1705-1735. Continue Reading...

The Purpose Of Violent Force in Politics

to force their own ideals and interests on the world stage. In Africa, Nkrumah wanted to resist neo- colonialism by appealing to African Independence in order “to prove that greatness is not to be measured in stockpiles of atom bombs” (Nkrumah, 1961). The violent forces of the modern empires seeking to exploit Africa were to be opposed by the force of unity of the Africans, according to Nkrumah. Nkrumah wanted to end the era of neo-colonialism in African and let Africans determine their own future. He wanted to avoid the idea that might makes right. He wanted to show that principles… Continue Reading...

Heart Of Darkness Essay (example Completed in 2019)

advanced the society or what language we speak. With Heart of Darkness the author refers to issues related to colonialism. The book has become one of the most important fictionalized accounts of historical events—events that actually did take place. That means Conrad uses the medium of fiction to provide poignant social commentary about history. If Conrad had simply spelled out his views for readers, the result would have been a polemical, pedantic, opinionated essay. It might have been well-written, but it might not have stood the test of time since he focused exclusively on a specific time and place rather… Continue Reading...

Sociology Feminism and the Symbolism Of the Hejab

on anti-Western and fundamentalist Muslim norms. Theories and Concepts The author works within several related theoretical frameworks: namely feminism, post- colonialism, and critical theory. Related concepts include the differentiation between the public and private space, the construction of gender norms, oppression, and the failure of feminism to find a universal voice. Another core concept is symbolism and symbolic-interactionism: the way the hejab can represent identity, rebellion, and subversion depending on how it is deployed. Main Argument The hejab has become a symbol of the oppression of women outside of Iran, in societies perceived as Western, aggressive, imperialist, subordinate, and hegemonic. In order… Continue Reading...

Democratic Development in Africa Challenges

another factor that has impeded democratic development in Africa. For most African countries, colonialism had the effect of eroding and hollowing out entrenched cultures and traditions. This also effectively led to the erosion of political philosophies. As a consequence, Deibert points out that most countries in Africa have become more of poorly done clones of Western nations – more so in the realm of education, socio-economic systems, political ideologies and structures, and even language.[footnoteRef:8] This dependency on westernized ideologies and philosophies does impede democratic development in the continent as countries become deprived of their true essence. In the long-run,… Continue Reading...

Colonial Scripts Reciting Colonialism Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized

Reciting Colonial Scripts: colonialism, Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized 1. Problem/Puzzle & Research Questions How have colonialism as well as the successive globalization/imperialism fiddled or tinkered with national identity, geographic boundaries, as well as civil society? These are the factors that are of great relevance to democratization. 2. Theories & Concepts: existing research that the author builds upon or refutes in order to develop their own argument. The author of the present study assesses some of the key issues that affect nations in the Middle East as they seek to transform… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

University Press, 2010. 7. Rezk, Magdy. "The Political Economy of Violence in Egypt." (2016). 8. Hunter, F. Robert. "Challenging colonialism: Bank Misr and Egyptian Industrialization, 1920-1941." (1984): 530-532. 9. Sakr, Naomi. Transformations in Egyptian journalism. IB Tauris, 2013. 10. Sherbiny, Naiem A., and Omaima M. Hatem. "State Policies: The Great Pasha’s Dynasty (1805–1952)." In State and Entrepreneurs in Egypt, pp. 33-67. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2015.   Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Globalization

Western dominance.  This process has been referred to by a number of different terms, though colonialism and imperialism are probably the most familiar.   Globalization continues the trend of Western dominance on international relations and economics.  The West continues to drive the flow of capital around the world, though there are two major non-Western economic players that have had an impact on the global economy: Russia and China.  Even though these two emerging superpowers have an influence on some aspects of the global economy, the Western world still controls huge organizations like the World Bank and the International Monetary… Continue Reading...