Congress Essays


Gun Control Essay Example (Updated in 2019)

  Many see gun control as a controversial topic that has sparked much debate. This gun control essay can offer ways to examine this topic from both the ‘pro’ and ‘against’ sides. By detailing the pros and cons of gun control, you will be able to see the impact on society. These examples include recent changes in laws, news stories associated with gun violence, and what other countries do about this highly debated subject. Examining a topic from both sides, it offers a deeper and richer understanding that cannot be achieved from one-sided analysis. Titles Gun Control: Examining Both Sides Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

and its Colberian facility's executives and workers. Human Rights Issues The American congress instituted the federal agency, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) in the year 1970. The agency was made responsible for formulating safety and health standards for organizations. Ever since, key discourse on workplace safety and health has revolved around setting of these public standards. The chief issue is the suitability of cost-benefit analyses for establishing safety and health standards. This appears to be the Colberian facility's chief issue -- the disparity between executives' (i.e., employers') and employees' working conditions, pay, and living standards (Hartman, 2008). People employed by… Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

and of a Senate -- which is analogous to congress in the U.S. Therefore, there are several different entities to the government and its branches in the Bahamas, which certainly helps to reinforce the democratic process which, in this instance, means that there are multiple avenues for the people to elect members of the government. Perhaps more so than any other facet of the democratic process, the direct input of the people through voting is emblematic of a true democracy. Still, there are other aspects of the government in the Bahamas that reflect the fact that certain pivotal instances… Continue Reading...

10th Amendment and the Supremacy Clause

without the federal government. Furthermore, should the Supremacy Clause be eradicated, congress itself would have no power, and become instead, a helpless body. The states would war against each other and there would be no national defense, no credit or commerce. At best there would be local trade, but no international trade, or diplomacy. The country needs to remain one large body in order to have the power it has now. The only way to achieve that is to have a central power, the federal government. Ultimately, the country is too big with too many states and diverse citizens to… Continue Reading...

Congress Vs the Public Library

public schools are subject to the authority of U.S. congress concerning installation of web filtering software as a result of receiving E-Rate discounts. These discounts are part of federal funding. Any public school or library receiving such funds must install this type of software. The ruling demonstrated installation of such filtering software is not unconstitutional as it does not violate the First Amendment. This ruling provided the groundwork for the Children's Internet Protection Act to take full effect. In 2000, congress passed the CIPA or the Children's Internet Protect Act. This law served as the main issue for the… Continue Reading...

Social Policies in Community Agencies

it is a law requirement that people with the greatest social and economic need be given special attention. congress specifies the groups that should be targeted: members of ethnic groups or minority groups, the rural older poor, people not proficient in English and people at risk. Basing help on factors like means testing, evaluating a person's assets, income, personal property and savings is not allowed. The organization encourages participants to contribute for services received so the organization can reach other people. Further, states can adopt policies geared at saving costs in undertaking some of the services like adult day… Continue Reading...

National Gallery Of Art Washington Dc Tour

Cultural Tour of the National Gallery of Art, Washington DC Andrew William Mellon, an art collector and investor hailing from Pittsburgh, designed and presented Washington's famed National Gallery of Art to American citizens. Mellon came to the U.S. capital in the year 1921 and took up the post of U.S. "Secretary of the Treasury." He felt the nation ought to have an art gallery just like other major States. Consequently, in the year 1936, he contacted President Roosevelt and offered to contribute his splendid art collection to a new national museum, which he proposed he would construct using his personal… Continue Reading...

Jerzee Fresh Natural Drinks

fairly new and nascent in more than one way. While congress is often weighted down when it comes to regulations and rules, things can always change. That being said, natural drinks are probably not high on the list given what is going on with GMO and artificial components such as non-sugar sweeteners (Main, 2015). SWOT • Strengths • Lots of demand for natural drinks • No GMO, antibiotics or other artificial substances • Weaknesses • Lot of players in the market already • Some of those players are big ones (Coca-Cola, Pepsi, etc.) • Opportunities • Get before clients… Continue Reading...

Florida Congressmen

the veto of legislation allowing terrorism lawsuits), and the U.S. public has historically favored bipartisan efforts in the congress rather than the gridlock that has characterized these legislative bodies in recent years (Carsley 526). Finally, although nearly 20% of members of the 114th U.S. congress are members of ethnic or racial minorities (meaning that it is the most diverse legislative body in U.S. history), congress is still disproportionately represented by whites compared with the country's population (Krogstad 1). Works Cited Bilirakis, Gus. "What is the strategy for ISIS?" (2016). U.S. Representative Gus Bilirakis. Web. Carsley, Nikki C. "When Old… Continue Reading...

Government’s Right to Spy

that the U.S. government needed to take stern action. There was panic that made the congress to give the government fresh surveillance authorities. However, it attached an expiration date to the authority so as to allow for further deliberations after the end of the emergency. Decades later, the law has been extended on a number of occasions, yet there has been no public discussion on how the law can be interpreted. There has been an expansion of the surveillance at all fronts regardless of the freedom created by the founders of the United States. The surveillance should make us… Continue Reading...

Rise Of Feminism and Women Rights During the Ww1

this gave them strong moral arguments for their voting rights. Women tactics and immoral way of treatment forced the congress to act on the issue, and it was on August 26, 1920, that President Wilson declares his favor on women suffrage. From this day on, the style of women changed and between 1910 and 1920, many women were present in the labor force. Moreover, a notable difference was also evident in the kind of works the women engaged in, and this led to the decrease in the number of female household servants, dressmakers, farmhands, and cooks. Nonetheless, an increase… Continue Reading...

Community Planning Methods That Involve Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana

In the shifting views about the health effects of marijuana, there is a general trend for states to relax the rules around this substance across the nation. Some states have already lifted the ban against marijuana for recreational purposes. The state of California set the pace in this discussion and shifting perceptions when it passed a proposal now popularly known as proposal 215 to allow possession of small amounts of the substance for medical uses (Murphy and Carnevale 2016). Other states have followed suit. The most notable among these states are the District of Columbia and six other states. They… Continue Reading...

Return on Investment with Fall Prevention

and thus they should be queried as well. Beyond that, congress could really be in that loop given that they are a huge part (although not all) of what impacts Medicare. In addition to surveys, the NCOA makes use of focus groups so as to get more completely and open-ended responses rather than just yes/no answers or a point value on a scale (e.g. Likert) (NCOA, 2016). Lastly, the author of this report will focus on the "nuts and bolts" of the logic model that was mentioned earlier. Indeed, the inputs that go into their programs, the outputs and… Continue Reading...

Health Industry Professional Boards

for the whole RN labor force in America. In all places, including the congress, boardrooms, federal-level organizations, healthcare centers (including hospitals), etc., this group represents nurses' strongest voice. It supports a secure, ethical, and fair workplace setting, boosting nursing staff members' wellness and health, and supporting its members and the general society in healthcare matters concerning them. Lastly, it assumes a vanguard position in improving healthcare quality for all citizens of the nation (American Nurses Association, 2016) The organization plays a central role in healthcare reform-related policy initiatives. Priority issues for the organization include: a streamlined health infrastructure and… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

the constitution for specific code of procedures to protect against self-incrimination during custodial interrogation. The states and the congress have the liberty to develop their unique safeguards for this privilege providing they are as effective as fully informing the suspect of the privilege and the consequences of forfeiting such privilege. However, the issues are constitutional in nature. Therefore, they must be interpreted by the courts. The admissibility of interrogation statements/outcomes in the face of a claim by the defendant that it was acquired in unconstitutional circumstances is a matter that has been handled by the court for a long… Continue Reading...

Greek Debt Crisis

Program in Greece: Why the Medicine Does not Work?" 24th World congress of Political Science, 2016. Web. 1 Nov 2016. Rankin, Jennifer. "Eurozone unlocks 10.3bn bailout loan for Greece." The Guardian, 2016. Web. 1 Nov 2016. Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

majority of students who strongly support criminalizing the possession, receipt, transfer and manufacture of assault weapons. The congress of 1994 permitted the assault weapons ban. It expired in 2004. Arguments to renew the ban happen periodically and a number of federals have enacted the bans. The Sandy Hook basics school massacre in Newtown, Connecticut, which took place in December, 2012, caused a new round of ideas in relation to banning assault weapons as a plan to stop and prevent shootings in schools, or at least minimize casualties. The Sandy Hook bill, which was strongly supported by the Obama administration,… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

Religion and Spirituality in a Broad Sense Spirituality and religion are two terms that have rather unstable, historically changing definitions, characterized by numerous implied and explicit theological considerations. Further, the general contention is that these definitions are either overly specific or overly generic. A more astonishing fact is, possibly, these researches' level of concurrence that spirituality represents a private, budding, personal and emotional sphere, whilst religion is more public, group-based and fairly stable. Interviews and questionnaire tools arising out of these definitions characteristically undertake measurements of the spirituality element by posing questions with regard to people's self-identity, psychological experiences, and… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

into law with the ready-to-go on the day of the attack Patriot Act -- rushed through congress with reckless abandon. [9: G. Mantri, Homegrown Terrorism. Harvard International Review, 33(1): 94.] THE BACKGROUND TO IMMIGRATION POLICIES IN THE U.S. National security became the foremost important issue in America following 9/11. Hafetz (2012) points out that since the terror attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City, "several areas of overlap between immigration and national security law" have occurred.[footnoteRef:10] Towards identifying the purveyors of violence against Americans, legislators and leaders in American politics have adopted "narratives that pit the… Continue Reading...

How Supreme Court Justices Are Appointed

Clause. The people do not directly elect the president. They do directly elect members of congress. The people indirectly elect the president, who then directly appoints the Justices. In other words, each of the three branches is elected differently. No two of the three branches receives its power or appointment in the same way, a situation that is integral to their power sharing capacities. If the public directly elected the Supreme Court, the members of the Supreme Court would veer closer in the direction of a legislative body, which it is not designed to be. Doing so would undermine… Continue Reading...

Macroeconomics and Gas Stations

separately from fiscal policy. First, it is run by a different body (the Federal Reserve, rather than congress). The Federal Reserve's most recent signals to the market are the higher interest rates will be required. This has implications for both the overall health of the economy and for the decision to buy a gas station. First, higher rates are likely because the economy is nearing full employment and thus inflation is going to be more of a concern going forward (Matthews, 2016). Second, high rates affect the cost of debt. If inflation is a risk, higher rates will arrive,… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

becoming entwined with the slavery elimination movement, led to Amendment XIX being proposed and introduced into the congress in the year 1878. The recommended constitutional amendment continued to be a controversial matter for more than four decades -- a period that witnessed increasing aggressiveness in the nature of the female rights movement. Advocates increasingly organized protests and campaigns to coerce the congress into passing Amendment XIX and ensuring its enforcement by all states[footnoteRef:5]. The above political action, buttressed by American females' contribution to the industrial sector in the crucial WWI era, led to the Amendment's enforcement. [5: Supra, note… Continue Reading...

Pnac the Osp and Iraqs Wmds

data from other intelligence agencies, including information given them by the Iraqi National congress (itself headed by Iraqi exile Ahmad Chalabi), the OSP not only produced the analysis that would "shape public opinion and American policy toward Iraq" but it also dominated the other intelligence agencies (from the CIA to the DIA to the DNI) into accepting its own version of events regarding Iraq and WMDs.[footnoteRef:17] The goal of the OSP was not to find the truth of the matter regarding Iraq and WMDs but rather to find evidence of what Rumsfeld and Wolfowitz "believed to be true."[footnoteRef:18] In… Continue Reading...

Inside the Meltdown

the drama (C2, 2010). On Thursday, September 18, 2008, leaders of the U.S. congress were gathered for a private session where they were to be briefed by the Federal Reserve chairman. The chairman told the shocked leadership that the U.S. economy was on the verge of a serious meltdown and things were probably going to take a nose dive for the worst in a few number of days. A sudden pause fell upon the room, almost as if oxygen had been sucked off it, remembers Sen. Christopher Dodd (D-Conn.) (TPF, 2009). With the housing bubble bursting and trillions of dollars… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Case

the original jurisdiction of the Court for incorporating Marbury v. Madison and similar cases, the congress had gone above its authority. The Chief Justice claimed that when a Congressional decision contradicted the Constitution, the Court was duty-bound to support the Constitution as the 6th Article establishes that it is America's "supreme law." How this Case Essentially Created the Supreme Court of the United States The act of establishing America's judicial courts permits issuance of mandamus writs by the US Supreme Court, in instances that are warranted by law usage and principles, to all courts established, or individuals with authority,… Continue Reading...

How Democracy Leads to Tyranny

Political Philosophy II: Theories of Freedom To answer the questions of why De Tocqueville and Mill think that democracy is a threat to the liberty of the individual and whether they are right, this paper will show that both De Tocqueville and Mill viewed democracy as a mechanism that could easily become tyrannical and thus overwhelm one's individual liberty. Considering that democracy in its various forms (direct, representative, constitutional) is capable of being corrupted (voters and/or representatives may be bribed, coerced, misinformed, misled, subjugated, harassed, mobbed, and so on), it is not difficult to see that both Tocqueville and Mill… Continue Reading...

Addressing the Budget Deficit Problem

reducing the deficit. The first of these Acts actually enabled congress to increase the deficit but did so with the stipulation that "gradual reduction" be accomplished over the following six-year period (Lynch, 2011, p. 1). The deficit goals and time allowance were extended in 1987 via the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act -- essentially a piece of legislation that enabled congress to kick the can. The 1990 Budget Enforcement Act introduced a pay-as-you-go approach to reducing the deficit and caps on discretionary spending. The Act was altered and extended twice -- in 1993 and in 1997.… Continue Reading...

Enactment Of the 19th Amendment Xix

1-324] There was enough clout and support for both the NWSA and the collective Suffrage Movement to rally congress to amend the constitution to allow women to vote. Unfortunately for them, when the proposal arrived on the floor of the house in 1886, it was shot down[footnoteRef:9]. The two movements merged in 1890. A new movement called the National Women Suffrage Association (NWSA) was formed. It embraced a new strategy that focused on rallying for women's voting rights state by state. The states that gave a node to the movement's demands early (after about 6 years) include the states of… Continue Reading...

How Cultures Influence Teams

services in the effort to further world trade, the USTR works directly with the US congress as well as team of external advisors, which includes approximately seven hundred professionals organized into multiple tiers, who ensures that the USTR represents the US and their interest during any trade negotiations. The US currently has trade agreements in force with twenty countries in all the major regions of the world. Interestingly, the website states that the US has completed negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement and is in negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) with the European Union,… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

like Confucianism. Recent Progress In 2006, the International Association for Bioethics' (IAB) held its world congress in Beijing, a sure sign that the global bioethics community is becoming less Euro-centric in its approach. Bioethics is starting to integrate non-European ethical and philosophical traditions. It is of the utmost importance to refrain from the blanket term of Asian bioethics, and to focus on culturally specific ethical traditions, the most obvious in East Asia being Confucian ethics. Bioethics has yet to be integrated with clinical practice in China in a formal. This does not mean that medical ethics in China do not exist.… Continue Reading...

Head Start Program Evaluation

Launched in the year 1965, the Head Start program cultivates preparedness for school among kids from poor backgrounds by providing them with social, nutritional, educational, health and other relevant services. Ever since its introduction, the program has catered to over 33 million early childhood-age kids (0-5 years of age) and their family members. Figures for 2015 revealed program funding to cater to almost a million expectant mothers and early childhood-age kids at home, educational facilities, and family childcare homes within rural, urban, and suburban communities across America. The program's advantages are being closely scrutinized in the wake of congressional talks… Continue Reading...

President Trump's First Day

his first-day agenda also included a request to the congress to instantly deliver a complete Obamacare abolition. To some degree, this has already begun; the congress is in its foremost procedural step, setting the scene for the replacement vote. Trump claimed in a news conference that following the approval of his Department of Health and Human Services nominee, a comprehensive plan would be in place to replace Obamacare. This is divergent from Mark Shields' and David Brooks' opinions. What Shields' wasn't able to get over when it came to Trump's inaugural address was that it was highly different from… Continue Reading...

Democracy and Pluralism

(2009). The Road to Welfare Pluralism. IPSA XXI World congress of Political Science. Santiago. Schneider, Anne, L., & Helen, M. (1997). Policy Design for Democracy. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. Continue Reading...

Short and Long Term Causes Of the American Revolution

back against Britain. Which they did, and convened the First Continental congress in 1774 (a first step towards independence). The Long-Term Causes of the American Revolution The big picture vis-a-vis the American Revolution was that over time there was a strong desire among the colonists to break away from Great Britain. The passion to break free became specially prominent when the inequality between the colonists and the King of England (and Britain's Parliament) became too much to bear for the fledgling Americans. Great Britain began crossing over the line "politically and economically," and the colonists "did not have any… Continue Reading...

Cause Of Us Revolution

British response to the Tea Party was to ban gatherings, which prompted the First Continental congress. By this point, open conflict between the colonists and the British was quite likely. All told, the prevailing attitudes of the British were negative towards the colonies, seeing them mainly as revenue sources. Their actions against the interests of the colonists generally built up pro-independence sentiment to the point where the Revolution had to occur, as the colonists were no longer tolerant of British rule, which had to that point become increasingly punitive. The colonists turned to open Revolution in order to secure… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

legal brain. The Justice's death sparked an instant, heated political battle within the congress. While the Democratic Party called for the immediate nomination of another individual instead of leaving his post vacant for the succeeding President to appoint, important Republicans (presidential candidates, Mitch McConnell (the upper house's majority leader) and others) demanded the opposite. A well-informed spokesperson closely linked to the Obama government even anonymously imparted a list of the prospective candidates shortlisted by Obama (Knox, 2016), including DC circuit appellate court judge Sri Srinivasan; Georgetown professor of law, Neal Katyal, who worked for a year as acting solicitor… Continue Reading...

Aurora Colorado Theater Shooting After Action Report

The Aurora theater shooting incident is the largest shooting incident in the history of the U.S. in terms of the number of casualties. Perpetrated by one James Eagan Holmes, the 20th July 2017 incident left 12 people dead and 58 people critically injured. Overall, response to the incident was commendable, with the police and fire personnel arriving within five minutes after the shooting. The Aurora Police Department, the Aurora Fire Department, hospital-based emergency departments, and Emergency Management Services (EMS) worked together to manage the crisis. The agencies collaborated in evacuating victims, apprehending the suspect, searching the theater building, providing emergency… Continue Reading...

Social Justice

major risk factors for suicide and substance abuse. The federal policy from the Library of congress that relates to this social justice is the Affordable Healthcare Act. Include a description of the programs and services that are provided through the policy. What is the purpose of this policy? What problem does it seek to remedy? The Affordable Care Act is also referred to as the health care law and was established with the main purpose of providing more Americans with greater accessibility to affordable health insurance, enhancing the quality of health care and health insurance, and also diminishing health… Continue Reading...

Legalizing Sale Of Organs

are ethical and other landmines that could arise, there are some that suggest that congress in the United States (as well as other countries) banning the sales of organs is misguided and should be done away with to help save as many people as possible even if a few abuses arise out of the process. As such, creating a legal and autonomous market for kidneys and other organs is seen as a way to improve outcomes for everyone involved. It is not a panacea and there will surely be people that exploit and harm others. However, that is already… Continue Reading...

Informal and Formal Powers Of the President

contain many of the President's policy priorities, and these are then subject to discussion in congress. congress must address the spending proposals and cuts. In this way, the President is essentially given the opportunity to set the agenda for the coming year's priorities. It is still up to congress to hammer out the details of the budget, but they are working with the framework laid out by the President. The President also has veto power. congress passes bills, but they must be signed into law by the President. As such, the President has veto power over any law the… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

Value & Meaning There are some concepts and ideas that are pretty clear-cut and easy to discuss. This is often because the concepts at hand are definite, at least fairly black and white and so forth. However, there are other things that are a bit more abstract and nebulous. Beyond that, there are concepts that are subject to disagreement and rancor when they are discussed. Certain pieces of art and the value (or lack thereof) is a good example. Another example is the definition of value and meaning in one's life. Socrates was quite famous for his treatises on the… Continue Reading...

The History Of American Social Welfare

Retrieved online: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Robert_Moffitt2/publication/23551285_The_effect_of_pre-PRWORA_Waivers_on_AFDC_caseloads_and_female_earnings_income_and_labor_force_behavior/links/54ba775f0cf253b50e2d01a4/The-effect-of-pre-PRWORA-Waivers-on-AFDC-caseloads-and-female-earnings-income-and-labor-force-behavior.pdf 17. The 1960s led to social workers becoming more entrenched in society, and congress did eventually come out in favor of social workers because of the widespread problems with poverty. It would be interesting to see what today's congress would say, but given the anti-intellectualism and conservativism, it is unlike that the current congress would support social welfare. 18. Social advocacy needs for the population I have selected can be addressed via an understanding of the position of the NASW on these issues. Furthermore, I plan to incorporate knowledge and skills form the course into my personal… Continue Reading...

Current Policy on Veteran Homelessness

part able to win these gains by actually using evidence in its decision-making. In the 1990s, for example, congress cut funding for veterans with substance abuse issues, despite evidence showing no correlation between disability payments and substance abuse (Frisman & Rosenheck, 1997) -- an example of certain factions in congress using their ignorance and hatred as a weapon against this disproportiantely minority group. Working with other agencies is a valuable component of Obama-era policy because of the strong connections between veteran homelessness and substance abuse and mental health services. Those factors were predictors of homelessness and admittance to care… Continue Reading...

Hank Aaron

Hank Aaron is a household name in baseball, one of the most important and influential players in any sport. The reasons for Hank Aaron's success go far beyond his athletic abilities and talents as a player -- for which he is obviously renowned -- but to his sportsmanship, his civil rights activism, and for his overall character. Aaron contributed tremendously to the sport of baseball by injecting his values and ideals into the game. Born Henry Louis Allen, Hank was born in Mobile, Alabama in what has widely been described as a "humble" and economically underprivileged circumstances ("Hank Aaron," n.d.).… Continue Reading...

Veterans Mental Health Services

effectiveness of mental health policies (Smith et al., 2017). Addressing these challenges requires greater legislative support. The Executive and congress must push for policies that offer greater funding for VA mental health programs and allow veterans to seek healthcare in community healthcare facilities. This would make remarkable contributions towards solving the challenges of physician shortage and long waiting lists. References American Public Health Association (APHA). (2014). Removing barriers to mental health services for Veterans. Retrieved from https://www.apha.org/policies-and- advocacy/public-health-policy-statements/policy- database/2015/01/28/14/51/removing-barriers-to-mental-health-services-for-veterans Chang, B., & Brannen, J. (2015). The Veterans Access, Choice, and Accountability Act of 2014: Examining graduate medical education enhancement… Continue Reading...

Trumpcare Vs Obamacare an Ill Advised Move

the existing system has challenges, it does not necessarily infer a complete failure. Furthermore, Trump's Bill to congress is to change many things in the Act. This means that many programs are to be removed regardless of whether they are beneficial to the public or not. This careless attempt seeks to enact a populist bill that disregards the finer details of the citizens' health. The most unethical bit about the whole process of repealing and replacing ACA is interwoven in the political fabric of the country. The congress is currently divided into two main sections: democrats and republicans. One… Continue Reading...

Military Management and the Agency Problem

Military Management and the Agency Problem Agency theory can be helpful for understanding any organizational conflict or behavior, and applies equally as well to the private and public sector. Applied to the military organization, agency theory "offers insight into how military strategies relate to political objectives," an important consideration (Petrina, 2005, p. v). When it is applied to the corporate world, agency theory also offers insight into how executive decisions are made and how executives can become corrupt when they possess significant power and separation from agents or shareholders. There are differences in corporate versus military governance and organizational culture,… Continue Reading...

Homeless Veterans and the Challenges

situation. There have been various policies formulated by the responsible governing bodies like the congress to ensure the lives of the homeless veterans are made better including their psychological health through policies on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. There have been also guidelines formulated guiding the responsible bodies on the procedures that the claims and compensations for the veterans, the grouping of the incapacitated veterans and much more. These are useful in ensuring the best possible services are delivered to the homeless veterans since they deserve the best treatment. References Green Donors, (2017). Veteran Homelessness Facts. Retrieved March 02, 2017… Continue Reading...

Andrea Yates Case

and succeed after criminal action. The Insanity Reform Act was passed by congress. It raised the stakes for insanity defence in federal courts (WGBH Edu Foundation, 2014). References Asokan, T. (2007). Daniel McNaughton (1813-1865). Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 223 - 224. Biography.com Editors. (2017, April 28). John Hinckley Jr. Biography.com. Retrieved from The Biography.com website: https://www.biography.com/people/john-hinckley-jr-17171774 Cassel, E. (2006, July 28). The Second Andrea Yates Verdict. Retrieved from Counter Punch: http://www.counterpunch.org/2006/07/28/the-second-andrea-yates-verdict/ Dunham, N. (2016, June 20). Andrea Yates, in a Mental Facility, Watches Videos of Her Children -- 15 Years After She Drowned Them. Retrieved from PeopleCrime: http://people.com/crime/andrea-yates-15-years-after-drowning-five-children-in-a-texas-mental-facility/ Francone,… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

allow the President to enforce the law, rather, there are subordinates, who are required to carry such duties. The congress in the United States can retrain the power of the Executive through laws passed in the House. While the President has the power to veto the bill passed in the House, however, such veto can be overridden by the two-third majority. The constitution also vest judiciary with power on judicial decision, and interpretation of the cases and constitution. While congress establishes the Supreme Court and lower court in the United States, however, the President appoints the judges based on the… Continue Reading...

Mitch Mcconnell and Rand Paul

considered an Establishment politician, as he has been in congress since 1985 (Majority Leader, 2017). Rand Paul may be considered an outsider. He came into politics after his father Ron Paul began showing signs of exiting politics. The Tea Party wave and the Libertarian wave combined to win Rand Paul his seat. He is often viewed as the anti-Establishment candidate, as he often supports or opposes policies not on party lines but on moral lines that he assesses from a conservative or even Libertarian point of view. For instance, his opposition to the Saudi Arms Sales, recently signed by… Continue Reading...

Federal Policy on Afordable Care Act

program and benefit from the provisions of the ACA. The congress expected an enrollment of 21 million in 2016 but that expectation was lowered to 13 million due to the smaller enrolment number, among these are the veterans. Another factor that still hinder the effectiveness of this policy is the fact that there is the so called 'Medicaid gap', a situation where the citizens or veterans are eligible for the Medicaid under the ACA but their states opted not to accept the expansion after the supreme court ruled that the expansion was optional for each state. There are various… Continue Reading...

External Business Environment from 3 Squares Restaurant

affect 3 Squares business environment. At the end of 2015, for example, congress passed the 15-years tax depreciation schedule that dictated new constructions and improvements of restaurants. This means that the restaurant has to plow into its revenues regularly to comply with the improvements and new installations when necessary. Tax credits that occur as enhanced tax deduction approaches are meant to deductions for charity and purchases of equipment (Blumenthal & Collins, 2014). Discussions into the federal task code in congress could also affect the revenue output of the restaurant. Currently, restaurant owners pay individual tax rates. The changes could… Continue Reading...

Social Work and Advocacy

allowed to be seen as it is not often recognized by the America public. References Chang-Muy, F., & congress, E. P. (2016). Social work with immigrants and refugees: Legal issues, clinical skills, and advocacy. Dalrymple, J., & Boylan, J. (2016). Effective advocacy in social work. Continue Reading...

Social Work and Political Advocacy

emerged as a major social and economic issue in the United States. According to Lewis (2013), the U.S. congress has done relatively nothing to lessen the ever-increasing economic inequality that has made millions of Americans to be treated as second-class citizens. Therefore, economic inequality is gradually becoming a major issue that affects the lives of millions of Americans and require urgent measures to address it. The need to address this issue is attributable to the fact that the congress has seemingly done nothing to deal with this problem. As a social worker, economic inequality political campaign is a political… Continue Reading...

Democrats Poor Performance in the 2016 Elections

In the 2016 U.S. presidential elections, the Democrats experienced significant losses in both the Senate and the House of Representatives in addition to losing the presidency.  While the Democratic presidential candidate, Hillary Clinton, won the popular vote, Donald Trump won the electoral college votes to clinch the presidency.  The Republicans not only won the presidency but also won the Senate and the House of Representatives.  In the aftermath of the 2016 elections, the performance of the Democratic Party has been the subject of scrutiny among political analysts and experts in political matters.  The media has remained puzzled with the outcome… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Impact

President from the Republican Party in 1800, there were new judgeships created by the lame-duck congress of Federalist. They were meant to be given to Federalists first, before handing over power to people of the Republican Party. The burden of business brought about by the change in presidential regimes hindered William Marbury from being handed the commission as a peace justice in Columbia District. After the Republicans refused to hand the commission, Marbury, acting with respect to the 1798 Judiciary Act (Section 13), made a writ of mandamus suit, forcing the Republicans to deliver, an original act in a… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Civil rights can be delineated as the very basic and fundamental rights to be free from unequal treatment, on the basis of particular attributes that are considered important, for instance gender, race, and also disability. The Bill of Rights protects all citizens of the nation against the infringement of their rights and liberties by any entity and even the state, as it is assured in the Constitution. One of the key civil rights discussed and debated in the United States in the present day encompasses the rights of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning community (LGBTQ) (Newton, 2014).… Continue Reading...

Two Greatest and Two Worst Presidents in Us History

by a Speaker-appointed chairperson. In case of different upper and lower chamber versions of any bill, the congress establishes a conference team for settling differences. If the president endorses the bill, it passes into law. The president is authorized to reject or veto the bill by returning it to the congress together with a memo outlining his objections. However, the congress may, through a 2/3rd chamber vote in each congressional chamber, overrule the president's veto and pass it into law (Davidson & Oleszek, 2002). President Trump remarked to policymakers that the bill introduced into the House was inadequate in… Continue Reading...

Changing the Senatorial Leadership Of Georgia

Getting to Know Your Congressional Senators: Georgia The state of Georgia is extremely diverse, encompassing highly rural areas as well as one of the region's major cities, that of Atlanta. The state, like many in the South, has historically leaned conservative in terms of its political affiliation. Its two senators are Republican, that of the senior senator John Isakson (who has served the state since 1996) and the junior senator David Perdue (who has served the state since 2014). Isakson has a strong conservative voting record on issues such as abortion, affirmative action, and same-sex marriage according to the nonpartisan… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

veterans too. Obamacare claims Veteran Affairs continues to maintain absolute power over its own health system, with the congress offering a provision which claims the system satisfies the national healthcare coverage standard. Thus, no predictable negative effect seems evident for veteran recipients of VA's mental health services. Through VA, several million ex-servicemen are able to access health services. However, not all are able to qualify for these facilities and not all avail themselves of them. Backlogs and extended waits have long been a menace for the organization. A survey conducted in the year 2015 on the not-for-profit organization, IAVA… Continue Reading...

Campaigns and Super Pacs

(LICHTMAN) Although political parties hold power in the government, they need funds to campaign. Presidential candidates, people in congress, need money to advertise. (Cigler, et al.) Advertising allows their reach to expand across the country. An expanded reach leads to more votes and a higher likelihood of gaining office. 4. We are going to put our campaign strategist hat on now. First, what is the electoral college? Do you think that if Bernie Sanders would have been the Democrat nominee, he would have beaten Trump in the general election (please include at least two states that Trump won which could… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Irrevocable Trusts on Gift Tax and Estate Tax

and business entities. The other applicable authority in your situation is the U.S. congress since it's the federal agency that is responsible for creating and establishing policies and regulations that govern the administration of income tax. However, the most effective authority is the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) because of its direct involvement in administration of income tax for individuals and businesses. The administration responsibility of IRS makes it the most effective authority in your case because it handles gift taxes and estate taxes among other taxation issues. IRS is responsible for imposing any gift taxes and/or estate taxes in… Continue Reading...

Democratic Theory in American Politics

in the legislature. This means that the votes taken by members of congress should reflect the policy preferences of their constituents. In reality, however, there is often disconnect between what legislators vote for and what their constituents prefer. In his book Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age, Bartels argues that the increasing economic inequality in the US is evidence that legislators do not in reality represent the interests of their interests -- they represent the interests of more powerful groups or entities as opposed to the average citizen. With reference to matters of economic inequality,… Continue Reading...

Proposed Legislation in Nursing

17, we learned that after a member of the congress proposes a bill, it is gazetted and then passed through the three stages of reading before being becoming a Law. The time required for a bill to pass through these stages varies depending on whether it is controversial or complex. In the first reading, the bill is introduced to the congress, which signals that the legislative process has started. At this stage, there nothing much is done; the bill is just read out to the members. No debate happens at this stage. Then, the bill is set for the… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act and Marijuana

the New Deal as well as the Great Society. The House of congress agreed to allow certain states have a significant level of command on the way federal programs such as Medicaid were implemented on the condition that it would be free to set up and enlarge its planned national entitlement schemes (Brown-Nagin, 2013). A huge disagreement in the beliefs of federalism has been bared for all via the suits contesting the Obamacare mandate. A school of thought believes that the government should get involved even constitutionally in situations when certain states do not have individual capabilities to settle… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

he reiterated during his 2014 State of the Union address (Gerstein, 2014). Speaking before a joint session of congress, President Obama made his position about the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay absolutely clear:   With the Afghan war ending, this needs to be the year congress lifts the remaining restrictions on detainee transfers and we close the prison at Guantanamo Bay – because we counter terrorism not just through intelligence and military action, but by remaining true to our Constitutional ideals, and setting an example for the rest of the world. (cited in Gerstein, 2014, para. 2) Notwithstanding… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

appropriate, but these programs properly fall within the province of congress and the President to set future national security policy” (2014, p. 901). Furthermore, Snowden’s actions have caused potentially irreparable damage to the NSA’s credibility and morale. According to Hayden (2014), “There are a lot of risks involved in the controversy that Edward Snowden started. The greatest of all, perhaps, is the impact of an uninformed blizzard of accusations on the morale of our intelligence workers” (p. 14). Finally, most Americans believe that the U.S. government has a fundamental responsibility in the post-September 11, 2001 world to aggressively pursue… Continue Reading...

Credit Rating Agencies Essay

2013). Credit Rating Agency Reform Act of 2006. In 2006, congress passed the Credit Rating Agency Reform Act that required the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to promulgate clear guidelines to identify credit rating agencies that would qualify as Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations (NRSROs) (Credit reporting agencies, 2014). The Credit Rating Agency Reform Act also authorized the SEC to regulate NRSRO internal processes concerning record-keeping practices, guidelines for preventing conflicts of interest, and established the protocol whereby NRSRO determinations were subject to review (Credit reporting agencies, 2014). It is important to note, though, that the Credit Rating Agency… Continue Reading...

Practice Of Dumping Essay

criticism from international observers. For instance, Silverman and Lydecker (1999) report that, “the action of the U.S. congress on the export of unapproved drugs was bitterly denounced—‘treachery’ was one of the milder epithets--by international and national consumer groups, notably in Great Britain, the Netherlands, West Germany, France, and Switzerland” (p. 225). It is noteworthy, though, that all of these countries continued to practice dumping of unapproved medicines in third world countries as well (Silverman & Lydecker, 1999). These issues are important for a utilitarianism analysis of dumping because there are some significant cultural factors involved that must be taken… Continue Reading...

Student Loans Essay

example of these trends is the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) which was passed by congress in 1968 that requires that lenders provide consumers with disclosures concerning rates and terms for mortgages, credit cards, and other types of consumer loans.7 A number of other laws also include consumer disclosures as a fundamental component of their provisions, including the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Consumer Leasing Act, the Electronic Fund Transfer Act, and the Truth in Savings Act.8 Over time, these laws have been amended and new requirements have been added. Indeed, recent federal legislation has required the revision… Continue Reading...

U.s. Presidents 1789 to 1840

of 1800, when Jefferson again ran against John Adams. This time, Jefferson and fellow anti-federalist Aaron Burr tied and congress had to step in to resolve the situation. Having congress resolve a tie breaker seemed antithetical to the notion of a popular vote, which is why congress helped ratify the Twelfth Amendment to the Constitution. The Twelfth Amendment secured separate voting for the President and Vice President (“Thomas Jefferson” 1). Jefferson might not have been responsible for drafting or even initiating the 12th Amendment, but it was because of his role in federal politics that the amendment was ratified.… Continue Reading...

Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety

United States Coast Guard (USCG) (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 2017). In 1990, congress passed the Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act (HMTUSA) to clarify and standardize regulations related to the safe transport of hazardous materials. Moreover, recent regulations are designed to harmonize with international standards “in order to facilitate foreign trade and maintain the competitiveness of U.S. goods,” (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 2017). Military shipments of hazardous materials are generally exempt from state and federal regulations; otherwise, all commercial shipments are subject to federal laws related to occupational safety and the HMTUSA. In general though, federal law ultimately requires… Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

a policy formulation framework and the legislative approach in dealing with judicial impropriety. Firstly, the congress must consider enacting laws with strict penalties for individual judges found guilty of judicial impropriety. Such consequences must include intended years of imprisonments and high fines and financial consequences. This will deter judges from engaging in judicial impropriety and decide on cases before them objectively and by the laws and evidence presented. Secondly, the law must be amended to give the boards that investigate judicial misconduct prosecutorial powers. Therefore, if such a board determines that a particular judicial officer has been engaged in… Continue Reading...

The Us Grant Programs for Emergencies

more holistic, objective linked to terrorism (Anderson, 2002). The American congress’s discussion on the structure and outlines for homeland security’s federal administration may encompass reflection on the agency’s mission, a novel collection or frame of agency authorities, and how far the mission coincides with assignments considering the new Office. EMPG (Emergency Management Performance Grants) EMPG aids local and state governmental authorities in sustaining and improving their crisis management initiative’s efficacy (Homeland Security, 2011). The initiative offers formula-based finances to every territory and state in America, in addition to Marshall Islands and Micronesia. The overall finances distributed as part of… Continue Reading...

Political Science

the common voter, the people in Washington seem to be less than inclined to listen. Analysis One member of congress that has been accused of ethics violations would be Charles Rangel, the former Democrat member of the House of Representatives. It would seem that he was most certainly guilty as he was convicted of a total of eleven different ethics violations. These violations ran the gamut but mostly related to fundraising violations and his personal finances. An example of the latter would be his failure to pay taxes on rental property that he owned. He had a villa in the Dominican… Continue Reading...

Health Insurance Repealed Today

a way that defies free market economics (Durbin, 2016, p. 21). References Durbin, D. (2016). Should congress repeal the Affordable Care Act? Congressional Digest. 95(3), 21-24. National Center for Policy Analysis. (2014). Health insurance was not a free market prior to ObamaCare. www.ncpa.org Retrieved from http://www.ncpa.org/sub/dpd/index.php?Article_ID=24043 Van Hollen, C. (2016). Should congress repeal the Affordable Care Act? Congressional Digest. 95(3), 25-29. Wahowiak, L. (2015). APHA opposes repeal: of affordable Care Act. The Nation\\\\\\\'s Health. 45(3), 2. Continue Reading...

Obama’s First Year in Office

chose and by February 2009—just one month into Obama’s first year in office— congress had signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act into law. This stimulus package was designed to help get companies producing again, help get them hiring again, and help American consumers to start consuming again. Whether one opposed the stimulus plan or embraced it, the fact is that Obama got the stimulus signed and into effect in relatively short order. This was, therefore, a major and early success for Obama. Obama continued his run of success by signing into law within his first 100 days in office… Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

1. Executive summary While the extraction of natural gas by means of hydraulic fracturing is a decade- long practice, of late, it has witnessed immense development owing to advancements in the area of horizontal drilling which enables gas and oil operators to now harness earlier- unprofitable natural gas reserves within rock formations. Extant extraction- related policies combine state-federal alliances and voluntary endeavors by private organizations. More unprejudiced, scientific studies providing details on how fracturing and extraction potentially affect environmental media like water and air are essential, in addition to those focusing on natural gas surges’ long- term effects on local… Continue Reading...

Enron Fraud

that they were committing. They were wrong about that, but the SEC did have to make moves, as did congress, to bolster the regulatory environment, and ensure multi-year prison sentences for the key players. Even at that, there remains the sense that a fraud like this could occur again. There is always incentive for financial experts to commit accounting fraud, and where there's a will there's a way. So the key is really just to put stronger laws in place, enforce them strictly, and make the costs so high that only the craziest of executives would attempt a fraud… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

on voluntary restriction of emigration enforced by the Japanese government, ended in 1924 when the U.S. congress passed the Immigration Act, which effectively denied immigration from Japan.” (Oshima) It was an effort to quell fears of Americans and their beliefs concerning the Japanese at that time. This is an excellent example of how history repeats itself and begs to ask if the same actions could quell fears of Islamic fundamentalism today. The answer is no, the ban did nothing to improve the fears of Americans during WWI and instead created disharmony and racism. While it’s true the Islamic fundamentalism… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

the discrimination seen in the Trump travel ban. “More than 50 years ago, congress outlawed such discrimination against immigrants based on national origin.” (Bier) Additionally the travel ban puts the United States in a bad light, as other countries may see the act as cruel and hostile towards innocent people. (Chemerinsky) When countries see the United States Government acting in an unconstitutional and racist way, desires for diplomacy may dwindle. Even with the updated version of the travel ban, critics stand firm in asserting it is bad policy and can lead to anti-Muslim mentality. “The Trump administration’s new travel… Continue Reading...

The U.s Economy and Health Care

Abstract Growing health care expenditure contributes greatly to the American government’s financial wellbeing. Citizen burden when it comes to funding these expenses, in the form of growing taxes and increased long-term loans, constitutes the chief effect of this upsurge in governmental health expenses. Dealing with this issue necessitates active participation of every healthcare worker in process map creation and estimation of resource expenses surrounding patient treatment throughout the care cycle. Suggestions for curbing growing healthcare expenses include avoiding preventable ailments and bringing about healthcare value improvements through the: 1) Elimination of needless process and process variations which fail to add… Continue Reading...

International Trade and Nafta

Reflection Paper – International Trade There has been a lot of talk lately about NAFTA being put at risk – either the US wanting to pull out of the deal or to significantly re-negotiate its terms. Industries that either benefit from NAFTA or feel that they do not benefit are lining up to express their positions – the latest being the auto industry, which has generally benefited significantly from NAFTA's country of origin rules (Shepardson, 2018). This discussion makes one reflect on the objectives of trade policy in general. The entire point of trade policy is to expand the economy… Continue Reading...

Safety Awareness in Engineering

on safety and the first meeting of the Cooperative Safety congress was held in Milwaukee in 1912. The National Council of Industrial Safety was established a year later in Chicago, Illinois. The organization changed its name in 1915 to the National Safety Council. 20. What impact did labor shortages in World War II have on the safety movement? Excessive hardships were created whenever there was loss of a skilled worker caused by injury or any other reason. 21. Explain how workplace tragedies have affected the safety movement. The pace of safety movement has been greatly accelerated by safety and… Continue Reading...

Private Security Vs National Security

Private Security The various factors that influence both the definition and the perception of private security are typically environmental but can be internal and external to the issue of security itself. In most developed nations, the state provides security forces that are paid for by tax payers (local, municipal, state and federal police, and military forces); however, private security forces, typically operated by ex-military officers who bring their training and experience into the private sector to fill gaps in the market where demand cannot be satisfied by state security apparatuses alone, do exist and do operate both in developed and… Continue Reading...

Role Of Office Of National Coordinator

Coordinator (ONC) was created by George W. Bush in 2004 through an executive order and the congress mandated associated legislation. The ONC is an entity within the US Department of Health and Human Services. The main purpose of the ONC is basically to promote the national health information technology (HIT) infrastructure and oversee its development. In the context of the healthcare providers, the ONC is seen as a close associate to the nationwide push to have electronic health records to the patients in different hospitals all with the aim of curbing errors in the medical field and to do… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

1) the fresh Constitution accorded disproportionate authority to the congress, to states’ detriment; 2) the idea of a unitary president disconcertingly resembled a monarchy which would ultimately give rise to courts of intrigue within Washington D.C.; 3) citizens’ freedom would be ideally safeguarded if states, rather than the federal bodies, were accorded power; and 4) The absence of a Bill of Rights would make federal authorities tyrannous (Amar, 1993; Pole, 1987). Currently, I enjoy the benefit of hindsight, but without this advantage in those days, the Anti-federalists clearly made strong arguments; their influence is ideally illustrated by the landmark… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

TUC report prepared by COMPAS in collaboration with the Trades Union congress. Available at: https://www.tuc.org.uk/international-issues/forced-labour/migration/foced-labour-and-migration-uk (Accessed: 30/08/16). Duffy, B., & Frere-Smith, T. (2013). Perceptions and reality: Public attitudes to immigration. [Online]. Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute. Available at: https://www.ipsos.com/sites/default/files/publication/1970-01/sri-perceptions-and-reality-immigration-report-2013.pdf (Accessed: 30/8/16). Dustmann, C., & Frattini, T. (2014). The fiscal effects of immigration to the UK. The Economic Journal, 124. Pp F593 – F643. [Online]. Available at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1111/ecoj.12181/ (Accessed: 30/08/16). Dustmann, C., Fabbri, F., Preston, I. and Wadsworth, J. (2003). The Local Labour Market Effects of Immigration in the UK. Home Office Online report. Available at: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/~uctpb21/reports/HomeOffice06_03.pdf (Accessed: 30/08/16). Dustmann, C., Frattini,… Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

violated the First Amendment of the Constitution, particularly the Establishment Clause. The Establishment Clause states, “ congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” (“Introduction to the Establishment Clause,” (n.d.). Even a cursory reading of the Establishment Clause shows that prohibiting commissioners from praying during the public meetings violates the First Amendment by “prohibiting the free exercise” of religion. Therefore, when the Supreme Court finally makes its deliberations in Rowan County v. Lund, it should rule in favor of Rowan County. The Rowan County practices have been grossly misunderstood and misrepresented. Thus… Continue Reading...

21st Century Cures Act

21st Century Cures Act: pharmacoeconomic boon or bane?. Journal of Medical Economics, Vol. 20, iss. 4. THOMPSON, D. (2016). congress passes 21st Century Cures Act with billions for new research, treatments. CBS News. Retrieved from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/21st-century-cures-act-congress-health-care-passed/ on 19 February 2018 U.S Food & Drug Administration (FDA), (2017). 21st Century Cures Act. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/LawsEnforcedbyFDA/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/21stCenturyCuresAct/default.htm on 19 February 2018 Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

is not something that is going to happen just because congress passes a law banning guns. Drugs are banned in the U.S. too but the black market is rife with them and more people die from drugs sold on the black market today than they do from prescription drug usage. Banning the sale of guns will not get rid of guns because the black market thrives when products are made illegal—just look at what happened during the Prohibition Era. What needs to be done, instead, is for society to take a good, hard look at itself: why are we… Continue Reading...

Warehouse Management Information Systems and Technology

1. Privacy laws are continually in flux. The most recent blow to consumer privacy was the 2017 Congressional overturning of Internet privacy protections. According to the ACLU, those pro-privacy laws “would have prevented ISPs from sharing our browsing history with advertisers, forced ISPs to be clear about what information they’re collecting, and required ISPs to take reasonable steps to protect our data from hackers,” (ACLU, 2018). Several states, including Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Hawaii, and most of the Northeast have since begun the difficult process of working to reinstate Internet privacy laws (ACLU, 2018). The decision made in Washington, supported by… Continue Reading...

Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

(2016, February 4). Senate should address Lyme and tick-borne disease epidemic. Retrieved from http://thehill.com/blogs/ congress-blog/healthcare/267754-senate-should-address-lyme-and-tick-borne-disease-epidemic Walker, D. H., Alcamo, I. E., & Heymann, D. L. (2008). Rocky Mountain spotted fever. New York: Chelsea House. Continue Reading...

Nursing Practice Changes

& Neonatal Nursing, 30(3), 187-190. Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2002). Report to congress: Medicare payment to advanced practice nurses and physician assistants. Washington, DC. O’Brien, J. (2003). How nurse practitioners obtained provider status: Lessons for pharmacists. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 60(22), 45-57. Continue Reading...

How Pictures Shape the Story in Syria

million budget for its 1st year, Al Hurra received mixed reviews. (In late 2003, congress added $40 million to the Al Hurra budget for a sister station broadcasting solely to Iraq.) Critics referred to it as Fox News in Arabic and noted its U.S.-grounded political leanings were obvious in semantic usages such as referring to coalition forces in Iraq rather than Al Jazeera’s preferred occupation forces (p. 776). The way that Western media attempts to control a narrative within the nexus of the location where it is engaging in interventionism is indicative of its overall attempt to support foreign… Continue Reading...

Obamacare Essay

Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as “ObamaCare,” was passed by the U.S. congress on March 23, 2010 in a response to a wide range of systemic problems that have plagued the health care system in the United States for years (Fischer, 2016). In sum, the Act was intended to "achieve universal medical insurance coverage for all Americans and lower the costs of health care nationally" (Fischer, 2016, p. 54). The 900-page Act is ponderous, though, and is comprised of 10 separate titles that include hundreds of provisions (Fischer, 2016). In a holding that settled several lawsuits from state… Continue Reading...

President Donald Trump Essay

The paper acknowledges that Trump, a Republican President, will be supported by a Republican House of Representative and Senate in congress, as well as being in the position to support at least one, if not more, members of the Supreme Court, but also acknowledges that Trump may not have Republican congressional support for all of his policies.                                                      Donald Trump Presidency: Will it Unite the Country or Destroy the Union? Introduction As of November 29, 2016, Donald Trump… Continue Reading...

2016 Presidential Election Essay

been charged with several abuses of classified information during her tenure as secretary of state, perjury before the U.S. congress and illicit dealings with foreign interests buying favors from the State Department through donations to the Clinton Foundation. Conversely, the Republic nominee has been labeled alternatively as “crazy,” “insane,” and “deranged” by a growing number of observers based on his erratic and hate-filled speeches. This essay on the 2016 U.S. Presidential election reviews the literature to provide brief biographies of these presidential candidates followed by an analysis of recent trends that have influenced voter reactions to date. Finally, a summary… Continue Reading...

Russian Meddling in U.s. Election Essay

In this essay, we will investigate the topic of Russian interference in the United States’ 2016 Presidential election.  This essay will contain a list of topics related to Russian meddling, possible titles for essays covering those topics, an outline of the essay, and an example demonstrating how to write a strong essay.  Our free example essay will not only explain how Russian interference influenced the election, but also show you how to write each part of an essay: introduction, thesis statement, and body paragraphs that combine evidence and analysis.  The essay will conclude with a review of the information presented… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Essay

the need to increase profits from private prisons and the lobbyists from the corporations who go to congress to change, modify, or add laws. Such actions down the line promote high arrest rates, lengthier sentences, and thus overcrowding situations in today’s criminal justice system. The problem has become so bad that researchers are studying cases where overcrowding and actions to alleviate it have led to risky decisions. “The most studied case is Florida, -despite 25,000 new prison beds, a huge influx of drug offenders during the 1980’s resulted in massive prison overcrowding, forcing the state to establish an early-release… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Essay

Table of Contents 1. Titles 2. Topics 3. Outline 4. Abstract 5. Introduction 6. Thesis Statement 7. Body of Essay 8. Conclusion 9. Works Cited Titles Feeling the Heat:  Global Warming and Climate Change What Can be Done to Reverse Climate Change? The Arguments For and Against the Anthropogenic Causes of Global Warming Meltdown:  Why Global Warming is Going to Become Even Worse in the Future Recommended Topics International Strategies for Addressing Global Warming Global Warming and Policy Development in the United States The Effects of Global Warming on the Earth’s Oceans Science or Myth?  The Truth about Global Warming… Continue Reading...

Robert Mueller Investigation Essay

Mueller, a former US attorney, was the second-longest serving FBI director in history; in 2011, congress voted to extend Mueller’s term by two years, so that he could serve a 12-year tenure, rather than a 10-year tenure (Kopan, 2017).  He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate in 2001, after being appointed by a Republican President, George W. Bush.  Likewise, in 2011, the vote to extend his term was unanimous.  He is considered by other law enforcement professionals to be among the best, if not the best, investigative prosecutor in the country, and has been responsible for a number of… Continue Reading...

Net Neutrality Essay

form of communication.  In 2005, the FCC adopted net neutrality principles, but attempts to pass a bill in congress requiring net neutrality failed from 2005 to 2012.   While congress refused to act, in December 2010, the FCC passed six net neutrality principles and the FCC Open Internet Order, which prohibited cable and telephone providers from preventing access to competitors or websites like Netflix, as well as requiring: transparency, no blocking, a level playing field, network management, mobile rules, and vigilance.  Although modified by some judicial decisions, these rules remained in effect for most of the Obama Administration.  However, the… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

the conduct takes place, is guilty of a separate offense under this section” ( congress.gov). Hence, if a murderer kills a woman and her unborn child, the killer is guilty of two separate offenses. Thus, if an unborn fetus is just tissue and cellular pregnancy material this would not be the case. While fetuses might not have legal rights recognized by the constitution, they are still members of the species. They still have rights to safety and protection. Another pillar against abortion would be the argument that life begins at conception, which is why abortion is so wrong. Conception is… Continue Reading...

Cause and Effect Essay Example: Climate Change & Hurricanes

a benefit in wreaking havoc along the Eastern seaboard?  Where do the billions of dollars promised in aid by congress go?  Whose pocket gets to receive those Federal Reserve notes?   Perhaps the weather modifiers thought it would be a good way to jumpstart certain sectors of the economy.  Or perhaps asking such questions is as unfair as saying that this year’s hurricanes were stronger and more powerful than last year’s because of fuel emissions—or cow emissions—or whatever it is that people claim is causing climate change to be the harbinger of doom that it so wants to be.  The… Continue Reading...

Repeal and Replace Obamacare Essay

for President Trump’s presidential campaign, but has proven to be difficult even with a Republican-controlled congress.  There are a number of reasons that repeal and replace has been difficult, even though the Affordable Care Act (the ACA) was, at best, an imperfect solution to the modern healthcare crises.  Public support for repealing Obamacare has lessened as people have become aware that Obamacare and the ACA are the same thing.  Republicans have not been able to develop a plan that would provide better care for the American people without having an individual mandate.  Finally, the for-profit medical structure currently in… Continue Reading...

Freedom and Bondage Essay

“…counted as full persons” because they were at that point determining representation in congress (Jensen, 2008). Hence, the language of freedom (our Constitution) was perverted to support slavery in the south. That said, the Fugitive Slave Clause in the Constitution provided that slaves that got away could be legally returned to owners (Article 1, Section 9, Clause 1; and Article V). That language was very controversial, but the Framers wrote it to make sure the Constitution “did not give moral sanction to slavery,” even though it gave power to slave owners (Spalding, 2008). The Thirteenth Amendment gave individuals the… Continue Reading...

How to Become a U.s. Citizen Essay

citizenship is granted to a foreign citizen or national after he or she fulfills requirements established by congress in the Immigration and Nationality Act, otherwise referred to as the INA. The process to become naturalized starts with a person filling out what is called N-400. The title of the form is Application for Naturalization. Military people that are interested in the process need to procure and read the M-599, which is the Naturalization Information for Military. People can qualify for naturalization if they have been a permanent resident of the country for five years and meet all other requirements,… Continue Reading...

Gun Control Essay

sawed-off shot guns and machineguns thanks to criminals like Al Capone (Lott). Four years later, congress passed the 1938 Federal Firearms Act that required gun dealers to register and maintain a record of transactions. The assassination of John F. Kennedy and a couple of other high-profile deaths led to the signing of the 1968 Gun Control Act, which regulates firearms owners as well as the firearms industry. (Lott) congress went on to pass several more laws in the 1980’s and 1990’s with the most notable being the assault weapons ban, part of the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

Potential Topics: The Impact of the Pro-Life Movement on Abortion Rates The Impact of the Pro-Choice Movement on Abortion Rates The Future of Roe v. Wade When Does Life Begin? Titles: [1] A Comparison of Abortion Practices in Different Countries and the United States The Current Status of the Abortion Debate in the United States How Will the Trump Administration’s Stance on Planned Parenthood Affect Abortion Rates in the U.S.? How the Pro-Life and Pro-Choice Movements have Affected Americans Public Opinion about Abortion [2] Outline: I.  Introduction II.  The Pro-Life Movement III.  The Pro-Choice Movement IV.  Conclusion Abstract: Despite becoming… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Organisms Gmo

might produce problems within the living organism. Those fighting against the inclusion of GMOs have made strides by convincing congress to pass a GMO food labeling bill in 2016. Reason I believe this draft thesis will allow me to focus on two key aspects of GMO foods: Monsanto and the GMO food labeling bill. Monsanto is a major company with a lot of power and is the frontrunner in the introduction of GMOs into the United States and all over the world. It is important to see what progress they made and what progress those that oppose GMO have… Continue Reading...

Federal Versus State Courts Authority

the highest law in the land, and also permitted congress to establish a system of lower courts. At present, there are 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeal (“Court Role,” 2018). The state courts derive their power from the state constitutions directly, although state authority does not supersede that of federal authority. This was a major sticking-point between federalists and antifederalists and remained a point of contention during the early days of the republic. State courts possess what is referred to as general jurisdiction, which means that all cases not within the scope of the federal… Continue Reading...

Immigration in America

immigrants on the budgets of state and local governments. Retrieved from https://www.cbo.gov/sites/default/files/110th- congress-2007-2008/reports/12-6-immigration.pdf Everett, B. (2018). Coming soon: Another showdown over Dreamers in congress. Retrieved from https://www.politico.com/story/2018/02/21/daca-dreamers-congress-republicans-trump-417427 FAIR. (2013). The costs of illegal immigration on United States taxpayers—2013 edition. Retrieved from https://fairus.org/issue/publications-resources/fiscal-burden-illegal-Immigration-2013 Gee, L., Gardner, M. & Wiehe, M. (2016). Undocumented immigrants’ state & local tax contributions. Retrieved from https://itep.org/wp-content/uploads/immigration2016.pdf Higgins, J. (2015). The Rise and Fall of the American ‘Melting Pot’. Wilson Quarterly, 5. Retrieved from https://wilsonquarterly.com/stories/the-rise-and-fall-of-the-american-melting-pot/ Lipman, F. (2006). The taxation of undocumented immigrants: Separate, unequal, and without representation. Scholarly Works. Paper 804. http://scholars.law.unlv.edu/facpub/804 Mmize, R. & Swords, A.… Continue Reading...

Court System

very prudently divided the executive, judicial and legislative power in the nation and instituted three distinct governmental branches: The ‘ congress’ is tasked with enacting laws enforced by the ‘President’ and reviewed by the nation’s ‘court system’. But accumulation of these powers within the “same hands” might, as cautioned by James Madison within Federalist Paper No. 47, lead the government to be justly considered a tyrannous administration (Blackman, 2017). How does a new legal interpretation resulting from a court’s decision on an existing law related to court procedures, and how does the passage of a new law affect court administration?… Continue Reading...

Facebook Management Team

(CEO) of Facebook. Zuckerberg effectively serves as the face of the company, appearing recently before congress to represent Facebook in the wake of the data sharing scandal that unfolded following the report on Cambridge Analytica’s harvesting of users’ data. Zuckerberg presents the vision, mission, and ideals of Facebook—as he did before congress—and “leads the design of Facebook's service and development of its core technology and infrastructure” (Facebook Management, 2018). His background is in computer science, which he studied at Harvard prior to relocating to Palo Alto to seek start-up funds for Facebook. How this leader relates to the company’s… Continue Reading...

Tammany Hall in New York City

The History of Crime and Punishment in the United States The crime of Edward Lawless—false registration—was an election crime that was as much an issue in 1904 as it is today in 2018 (and one could argue that it is even worse today than it was back then). Essentially, election fraud had been a huge problem in New York, what with the Tammany Hall government attempting to get its Irish Catholic supporters to register at multiple locations in order to vote early and vote often (and thus keep Tammany Hall in power). Teddy Roosevelt, as a member of the Police… Continue Reading...

The Interaction Of Capitalism and Industrialization America and China a Comparison

modified 2001. http://www.importanceofphilosophy.com/Politics_Capitalism.html. Loc.gov. \\"Child Labor in the Canning Industry of Maryland (Library of congress).\\" Home | Library of congress. Accessed April 30, 2018. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/static/data/nclc/resources/images/canneries3.pdf. Zedong, Mao. Selected Works, in Sources of Chinese Tradition, 2nd ed., vol. 2, edited by Wm. Theodore de Bary and Richard Lufrano (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000), pp. 422–23. Tignor, Robert, Jeremy Adelman, Stephen Aron, Stephen Kotkin, Suzanne Marchand, Gyan Prakash, and Michael Tsin. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World from the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present. The Mongol Empire to the Present. Volume Two. WW Norton, 2008. Continue Reading...

Economic Outlook Of the Us Economy

economic growth. At the beginning of 2018, the U.S. congress approved fiscal policy that lift government spending in 2018 and 2019. At the same time, the Fed established interest policy that enables increase in interest rates and increased government spending. These policies would boost economic activity in the country and promote economic growth. Economic Forecast of the U.S. Economy Economic forecasting is a term that is used to refer to the process of trying to predict the future state of the economy through a series of different indicators. Economic forecasting is not only vital for understanding the probable future… Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

(except for the District of Columbia which is overseen by the U.S. congress) (Parker 2016). Despite the introduction of Common Core standards that are being used by many states and the use of standardized testing regimens, the fact that the primary mission of the nation’s public high schools is decided on a state by state basis means that the type of education that is received by students in the Bronx may differ widely from that received by students in Fairbanks, Alaska, for example.  Furthermore, there are also significant within-state differences in the views about the primary mission of public… Continue Reading...

Will Congress End the War on Terror

first step of what became the War on Terrorism (Select Committee on Homeland Security, 2004). One week earlier, congress had signed off on the Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF), allowing the president broad scope for using military force against countries or organizations who “planned, authorized, committed, or aided” terrorism (Ackerman & Hathaway, 2011). 17 years and more than $2 trillion later, the War on Terrorism continues with no sign of easing up (Amadeo, 2018). Though President Trump ran a campaign on getting American soldiers out of the Middle East and letting other countries handle the ISIS threat,… Continue Reading...

Monsanto and Gmos

Organisms (GMO) is a growing problem especially with advances via the Monsanto lobby in congress. There are several avenues Monsanto can take to generate an environment in the United States that supports GMO crops and GMO ingredients. They can alter the GMO food labeling bill and pressure farmers to adopt use of their patented seeds, among other actions. To thwart these efforts, the American public must act quickly. They must lobby the government against Monsanto and use the evidence from countries like India and Argentina where GMO crops grow, to demonstrate the deleterious effects of GMO. Viable Solution The… Continue Reading...

America and the Cold War Mentality

cast Hussein in the role of “villain” and Kuwait as the “victim” in his address to congress (Bush, 1991). Colin Powell (2003) would do a similar stunt a decade later in the events leading up to the post-9/11 invasion of Iraq, which was accused of harboring WMDs and using mobile weapons labs to hide them (labs that would in fact never be found). In both cases, the pretext for war was based on phony intelligence—but the point was never about sticking up for the little guy or defending the world from evil. It was always about America being the… Continue Reading...

Why My Vote Matters Essay

Introduction When elections are won or lost by a large majority, it can give people, particularly young people, the impression that their votes don’t matter. They see the situation as very simple: the outcome would be the same regardless or not if they had exercised their one vote or not. However, this attitude is not only damaging and cultivates a dangerous sense of apathy, it also is very incorrect. In states that are overwhelmingly red or blue, it really can feel like your vote is lost in a sea that is either with you or against you. And as one… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Essay

the hands of a few; to see who, just look at whom congress applauds with standing ovations whenever he comes to visit. Bibliography Alexander, Michelle.  The New Jim Crow.  NY: New Press, 2012. Davis, Angela.  The Meaning of Freedom.  San Francisco, CA:  City Light Books, 2012. Schlosser, Eric.  “The Prison Industrial Complex, The Atlantic, December 1998  https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1998/12/the-prison-industrial-complex/304669/ Instructions: Who is the author and from this assignment what have you learned about her? What motive (purpose) might the author have for writing on this subject? Explain. • What is the author’s argument? Explain (must have three not to exceed four)… Continue Reading...

Thanksgiving Essay

to the fourth Thursday of November (set by Roosevelt in 1939 and approved by congress in 1941), so as not to interfere too much with the Christmas holidays and the seasonal economies created during this time (Johnson, 2017). In reality, the actual Thanksgiving that the pilgrims celebrated was at some uncertain date between September 21 and November 9th: many historians believe it to be in early October. However, selecting the fourth Thursday of November was a presidential move that attempted to connect the Thanksgiving celebration with the safe arrival of the Mayflower at Cape Cod which was sometime in… Continue Reading...

Repealing the Individual Mandate

The individual mandate is arguably one of the least popular provisions of the Obamacare, the health reform law that was enacted in 2010. Obamacare has received considerable attention in the past few years because of rising health insurance premiums. The rising health insurance premiums were at the center of the 2016 U.S. presidential elections campaign. Following President Trump’s election, Republican lawmakers have moved swiftly to repeal Obamacare’s individual mandate. GOP senators are trying to repeal the individual mandate based on the argument that it would give them an extra $338 billion over 10 years for their proposed tax cuts (Luhby,… Continue Reading...

Cow’s Milk and Human Consumption

being taught that dairy products are vital for adequate nutrition (onegreenplanet.org). Many members of congress receive campaign contributions from the National Dairy Council, something so constant and that has gone on for years, one can’t help but expect that dairy will continue to be marketed as good for one’s health (onegreenplanet.org). Conclusion When it comes to the dairy industry, milk consumption for humans is largely a hot button issue. The nation is largely divided on whether or not humans are supposed to consume milk and these divisions are deeply felt. Those in favor of supporting the dairy industry and… Continue Reading...

Palestine and the Jewish State

but a fraction of the same sort of assistance: congress has requested only approximately $250 million in aid for Palestine for fiscal year 2019 (Zanotti, 2018), while Israel on the other hand has been selected to receive nearly $40 billion in military aid over the next ten years (Baker & Hirschfeld Davis, 2016). Were the conflict depicted by mainstream media in much simpler terms—i.e., as a Zionist-occupation of Palestinian territory—it would be much more difficult for the state to justify this kind of support to Israel. This uneven distribution of funds as well as the coverage of the conflict… Continue Reading...

Trump Tax Cut Effects

congress recently passed a tax cut package. Depending on who one might ask, the tax cut will turbocharge the economy or it will lead to massive deficits in the years to come. The article that is summarized in this brief report looks at a take and summary from the New York Times. The verdict, in short, is that “time will tell” as to whether or not the tax cut will achieve the desired result. The article first points to a few claims that President Trump made during… Continue Reading...

Army Diversity

(2017). Diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity in the armed services: background and issues for congress. CRS Report, Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/R44321.pdf Judy, R. W., & D’Amico, C. D. (1999). Workforce 2020. Hudson Institute. Pinch, F. C. (2006). Challenge and change in the military: Gender and diversity issues. Canadian Defence Army Press: Canada.   Continue Reading...

Daca Protest

Unfortunately, Americans do not have any direct influence over what congress does immediately because the people who have the power to take action on this issue do not necessarily need to be responsive to the protesters. The federal courts have since challenged the Trump administration’s authority over DACA, but no real solution has emerged yet (Wilson, 2018). The protests may serve as a way to stimulate political action on this important front. According to Yoshikawa, Suárez-Orozco & Gonzales (2016), “5.3 million children and adolescents are growing up either with unauthorized status or with at least one parent who has… Continue Reading...

Laws Regulated by the Epa

and the planet by enforcing the laws and regulations passed by congress. The EPA has ten stations and nearly 30 labs with which it assesses the environment, conducts research and takes part in educating the public. The EPA was formed in response to growing public pressure regarding the dangerous and negative impact that human actions were having on the planet. Rachel Carson’s 1962 book Silent Spring in which a world bereft of natural life was envisioned as a result of deadly pesticides and chemicals released into the environment (EPA History, 2018). The book had a big impact on Senators… Continue Reading...

Three Different Advocacy Approaches

of the policy. It can also include lobbying individuals in congress. Influencing can also be designed to raise awareness for a specific group and gain greater power within the institutions of the political system. For example, a group of student gun control advocates might request to meet with a Congressperson, even if a current vote is not on the floor of the legislature to open up channels of dialogue. Influencing may be directed against either friendly or hostile forces but a key characteristic of this component of advocacy is that it is more persuasive in nature than an informative… Continue Reading...

Port Security Customs and Border Protection

preventing illegal drugs, mass destruction weapons and contraband commodities from accessing the U.S.A. The U.S. congress is charged with the duty of defining and authorising the functions of international trade within CBP, allocation of funds for conducting program CBP oversight. The current laws authorising facilitation of trade and enforcing CBP functions are centred on a balance of trade community and CBP relationship with a foundation of reasonable care, informed compliance and shared responsibility (Jones & Rosenblum, 2013). States in the maritime zone are faced with 2 primary tests from this moment until 2020. To begin with there is a… Continue Reading...

United States Electoral Fraud

Anbinder, Tyler. Five Points: The Nineteenth-Century New York City Neighborhood. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. This book is a general history of New York but provides an overview of the rampant electoral fraud characteristic of the nineteenth century in the city. The Five Points area was particularly notorious. It was an ethnic enclave of recent immigrants who proved to be particularly vulnerable to politicians who wished to use their influence to garner votes and exercise their political patronage. The book chronicles a number of attempts to rein in the voting fraud, as well as the riots associated with election… Continue Reading...

Policy Of Choice Patient Safety

During this period the problem is shared with policy communities. These communities may include specialists in drug abuse, congress, the media and the public. Proposals, debates and redrafts happen during this stage. The proposals will be considered and the ideas from experts begin to be thrown around. A concrete agenda is still under formulation in this stage. Today there are drug abuse policies like mandatory counseling for repeat offenders. Repeat offenders are also subjected to incarceration (Chandler, Fletcher & Volkow, 2009). This policy might not be the best for drug abusers for reasons discussed below. · Policy stream: In… Continue Reading...

Parkinson's Disease

increase quality of life for patients, families and care partners.” As the Foundation notes, a bill was in congress that would have expanded Medicare to include telemedicine care, but the bill failed to be ratified. This shows that there is still a great deal of work to be done in congress before health care providers can fully utilize all the tools available to them in the Digital Age to treat patients like those in this population. Advocacy actions taken to control and prevent the spread of the disease are not as common because there is as of yet no… Continue Reading...

911 Commission Report Intelligence and Information Sharing

not have captured the enormity of the threat posed by Al Qaeda (The 9/11 Commission Report, 2011). The media, congress and the public did not make the threat from Osama Bin Laden a focus. The presidential campaign of 2000 did not cover the issue of the threat of terrorism. Travers (2009) was right when he argued that poor information sharing occasioned systematic failures. Perhaps the lack of awareness and sensitization to the public, the media and the political from security agencies played a role in in preventing pertinent information from being shared. When Travers (2009) blames poor screening as… Continue Reading...

Vaccines and the Smallpox Epidemic

for the sake of public safety. In theory, this permission was no different from congress’s Patriot Act following 9/11, which granted permission to the State’s various intelligence agencies to expand their work in ways that under normal circumstances would have raised questions about privacy rights but that at the time seemed a distant concern to the more pressing issue of combating terrorism. By giving emergency permission in times of serious risk to public safety, the government assumes a position of responsibility based on the utilitarian principle developed by J. S. Mill—i.e., that what is in the best interest of… Continue Reading...

Key Resources Critical Infrastructure

(2005, February). Risk management and critical infrastructure protection: Assessing, integrating, and managing threats, vulnerabilities and consequences. Library of congress Washington DC Congressional Research Service. Moteff, J., & Parfomak, P. (2004, October). Critical infrastructure and key assets: definition and identification. LIBRARY OF congress WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE. O'Rourke, T. D. (2007). Critical infrastructure, interdependencies, and resilience. BRIDGE-Washington-National Academy of Engineering-, 37(1), 22. Continue Reading...

A Biblical Worldview in Finance

the unethical practice of insider trading is the SEC—Securities and Exchange Commission. As Pritchard (2016) points out, “ congress has never enacted a prohibition against insider trading, much less defined it. Instead, the SEC has led in defining insider trading, albeit without the formality of rulemaking, and subject to varying degrees of oversight by the courts” (p. 55). Many individuals in government are often accused of insider trading, which shows how unethical the Justice System is, or, as Gerald Celente calls it, the “Just Us System” as in the ones running the show are typically exempt from all accountability. Hillary… Continue Reading...

The Importance Of Communications As a Critical Infrastructure

for enterprise IT. Digital Press, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-55558-312-5.X5000-5 Moteff, J. & Parfomak, P. (2004). Critical infrastructure and key assets. CRS Report for congress. https://fas.org/sgp/crs/RL32631.pdf United States Department of Homeland Security (2015). Communications sector-specific plan. https://www.dhs.gov/publication/nipp-ssp-communications-2015 Wortzel, L. (2003). Securing America’s critical infrastructures. The Heritage Foundation. https://www.heritage.org/homeland-security/report/securing-americas-critical-infrastructures-top-priority-the-department Continue Reading...

Ratifying the U.s. Constitution

the U.S. (AIPAC) and whose Prime Minister gets standing ovations dozens of times during his speeches to congress whenever he visits because all the Congressmen know who writes their checks when it comes time for re-election. Had the Anti-Federalists won, the situation never would have ended up this way. And as Galles states, Brutus predicted that the Supreme Court would adopt "very liberal" principles of interpreting the Constitution. He argued that there had never in history been a court with such power and with so few checks upon it, giving the Supreme Court "immense powers" that were not only… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Pandemic Outbreak and Discussion

HIV/AIDS Pandemic: A Look Back in Time In modern times, one could easily argue that the HIV/AIDS pandemic was the single most destructive widespread illness to sweep the globe. In summary, the death toll from HIV/AIDS has reached a total of 36 million people. At this time there are around 31-35 million individuals who have been diagnosed with HIV: the bulk of these people reside in Sub-Saharan Africa, a place where around 5% of the total number of people are infected (mphonline.org). While an HIV diagnosis is not the death sentence that it was decades ago, there is still a… Continue Reading...

Critical Analysis War Is a Racket

change the way we go to war as a nation; instead of allowing congress (or the President, as it seems to go today, declare war), the ones actually doing the fighting should have the final say: they should be the ones voting to determine whether or not we go to war—not some white-haired senator who won’t be digging any trenches in a foreign land. Continue Reading...

A Brief History Of Medicare and Medicaid

assist Americans with footing healthcare costs. Over the years, the congress has been reviewing and changing the plan so as to make it accessible to more Americans. Medicare extended its coverage in 1972 to include disabled people, the terminally ill renal disease patients and all elderly people at 65 years and above (Piatak, 2015). Medicaid has made many significant steps over the time in helping American citizens in need of healthcare. At first, the program only focused on people with financial help. It has evolved to; now, include people with disability, low income, pregnant women, and those that require long… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act

Affordable Care Act (ACA) • Differentiate between at least three groups of stakeholders impacted by the ACA. Obamacare or the ACA (Affordable Care Act) was primarily designed and put into effect in the year 2010 with an objective of offering better healthcare insurance coverage for the American people and minimize the heavy costs incurred by the American people to access healthcare (Thompson, 2014). Although ACA has achieved sizeable success in coverage there are still many challenges facing it including slow adoption across America, funding problems and problems getting the support of the public (Center for Public Impact, 2017). The main… Continue Reading...

Women Abolitionists in the 19th Century

and was in fact the first woman to ever testify before congress, where she talked about the horrors of slavery (Ham, 2016). She had to overcome the obstacle of bias and prejudice to deliver her last public speech in Pennsylvania, where she exhorted her listeners to oppose the spirit of slavery. She urged them to educate themselves on the horrors of slavery: “To work as we should in this cause, we must know what Slavery is. Let me urge you then to buy the books which have been written on this subject and read them, and then lend them… Continue Reading...

Us Foreign Policy and the Use Of American Military Power

forge treaties, command the nation’s army, and enter into executive agreements which don’t require congress approval. Consequently, he is ideally positioned to delineate as well as pursue the international aims of the nation (Rosen, 2003). A number of entities give advice and attempt to influence the President on matters of foreign policy, including the Foreign Relations Committee of the US Senate, the Foreign Affairs Committee of the House, high-ranking citizens, the Council of Foreign Relations and similar interest groups. Additionally, public opinion shapes foreign policy. The threat of getting ousted from office for an unpopular decision typically restrains excessively-aggressive… Continue Reading...

Medicare Access Reauthorization Act or Macra

entire US healthcare system so as to attain a foreseeable future. The congress’ intention was to make MACRA’s law of transformation which will make new, fast highway to move the healthcare system from the known traditional FFS payment mode to a modern coordinated model which can bear risks. It has a perspective of being a game-changer in all the aspects of our system for healthcare. The law is triggering strategic dialogues about payment, new care, and model’s delivery and coming up with new origins of risk in the health care sector (Deloitte Development, 2016). MIPS has three main challenges.… Continue Reading...

Nationwide Marijuana Legalization

be concerned, no oversight on its part would be required.   Who Needs to be Involved congress needs to get involved because to pass a new Amendment to the Constitution, it would require two-thirds vote in both chambers.  However, a bill only requires a simple majority in both chambers to pass, so Booker’s bill could be the simplest way to go.  From there the President has to sign the bill into law—or he can veto it, but congress can override the veto with two-thirds vote in both chambers.  This is the chain of command for this process. Options for Solutions There… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

America it takes the forms of the courts, the congress, and the police—for starters. The government has three branches of government—the executive, the legislative, and the judicial, and that system was based on the doctrines of the Revolution—equality and liberty being the core ideals that launched the governmental structure in initially. Over time, it changed to develop more totalitarian characteristics. For example, beyond the three branches of state power are the lobbies—the special interest groups that throw money at elected (and unelected) officials to gain leverage in the government. Then there are the businesses, the major corporations that cozy… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

that any person born on American soil would be an American citizen, whether they were white or not. Also, congress passed the Fifteenth Amendment, which guaranteed universal male suffrage, but not female. The South continues to leave a legacy on the nation, too, with a mentality that continually brings the American public to the brink but the federal government does have the power now to squelch any type of domestic terrorism that should ensue. One of the most tumultuous periods in American history, the Civil War was the culmination of many years of divisiveness. After winning the Mexican American… Continue Reading...

Radical Negotiation Posturing and Political Strategies Trump and Alinsky

overseeing what has become the longest government shutdown in US history due to his budget negotiations with congress over his desire for appropriations to fund a wall on the southwest border of the United States. Alinsky wrote a book entitled Rules for Radicals, originally published in 1971, which outlined grassroots community organizing principles for leftists to challenge the conservative establishment Alinsky and his fellow Marxists wished to destabilize. Yet although Trump is a former businessman, conservative, and supporter of virtually every cause Alinsky opposed, Trump has positioned himself as an outsider figure and used many of Alinsky’s techniques, consciously… Continue Reading...

Emergency Response and Management

(2008, November 20). The National Response Framework: Overview and Possible Issues for congress. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from https://fas.org/sgp/crs/homesec/RL34758.pdf Rossmann, R. & Beausang, H. (2018, June 27). Wildfire a Frequent and Familiar Foe in Lake County. The Press Democrat. Retrieved January 22, 2019, from https://www.pressdemocrat.com/news/8475008-181/wildfire-a-frequent-and-familiar?gallery=8479208 Continue Reading...

The Problem Of the European Parliament

(i.e., the right to bring in their own proposal’s or introduce a bill the way the American congress may do). The same power dynamic exists with respect to the relationship between the EP and the Council President, which is only partially remedied by their introduction of “Spitzenkandidaten.” [11: Bonde, J The Treaty of Lisbon: an impact assessment. London: Stationery Office, 2008.] [12: Clive Church and David Phinnemore, “The Rise and Fall of the Constitutional Treaty.” In European Union Politics, Ed. By Michelle Cini (UK: Oxford University Press, 2007), 41.] As a result, as Kohler shows, the EP is in… Continue Reading...

Visionary Leadership Of Nelson Mandela

of law at Fort Hare University. As the African National congress (ANC) started gaining momentum in the early 1940s, he joined the movement to help resist the racist policies of the then ruling White government. The racist government policies would later be codified into Apartheid which proved to be a brutal and highly racist rule. The fight against Apartheid then became a life-long fight for Nelson Mandela. On helping end Apartheid, Nelson Mandela became the first post-apartheid president and retired just five years into office. He died in 2013 at the age of 95 (Averill, Khumalo & Hilse, 2019).… Continue Reading...

Fraud and Accounting Balance Sheets

procedures? After a series of accounting scandals at Enron and WorldCom, there was an attempt by the United States congress to create greater transparency in regards to accounting procedures. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (2002), named after the two primary constructors of the bill, placed uniform regulations upon the types of internal controls and reporting methods used by companies (“Sarbanes-Oxley,” 2018). It established the IT department’s responsibility of storing certain types of records needed to reflect the company’s financial position and requirements for how long these records must be kept (“Sarbanes-Oxley,” 2018). SOX was designed to prevent the types of financial cover-ups… Continue Reading...

New Equipment Development on Operation Influence Of Air Force

adversaries. One of the key setbacks to new equipment development is budget constraints. Other setbacks include oversight roles of congress and the defense industry, as well as bureaucracy. These factors ought to be assessed in greater detail with an aim of developing viable solutions. In the final analysis, the relevance of ensuring that the effectiveness of the available resources is optimized cannot be overstated. This is more so the case when it comes to not only the recapitalization, but also the development of new and better USAF’s inventory. References Fino, S.A. (2017). Tiger Check: Automating the US Air Force Fighter… Continue Reading...

Conflict and Negotiation the Bophuthatswana Crisis Of 1994

banished, subjected to extrajudicial harassment, and arrested. ANC (African National congress) was also considered illegal by Mangope’s government. Rather than negotiate with the interest of the black South Africans at heart, Mangope chose to collaborate with the right-wing extremist backed by white minorities. This demonstrated the selfish character of Mangope which resulted to bloodshed and destruction of his leadership regime. The main theories of conflict that will inform the research paper According to Fisher and Ury (1991) the first principle in conflict resolution is separating the population from the current problem. In order to amicably arrive to a conclusive… Continue Reading...

Puerto Ricans and Us Immigration

over a century. Puerto Ricans do not have a vote in the US congress. Puerto Ricans can move freely throughout the US states. Such movement is regarded as internal migration. However, when Puerto Ricans move to the mainland, they leave a distinctive homeland and a culture. Such a movement comes with numerous cultural transition conflicts. Indeed, the movements come with similar conflicts that occur with actual immigration (History Team, 2017). According to the census conducted in 2010, Puerto Ricans are some of the most densely populated communities in the world. Their population stood at 3, 725,789. There are about… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Fallacies

“push back” through the strong arm of AIPAC to get the U.S. congress to act in a way that would hurt the boycotters, like Airbnb, this is no reason to prove that the boycott itself will not work in bringing negative pressure on the Israeli companies who are the target of the boycott. In other words, Halevi uses a number of fallacies here to construct his argument. Those fallacies include circular thinking and the red herring. For instance, Halevi (2019) argues that Israelis have done nothing to deserve the opprobrium of the boycotters and therefore they will push back… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

political doctrine in the establishment of its Constitution—particularly in the First Amendment, which reads: “ congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” Thus, there was a direct connection between Voltaire’s promotion of religions liberty (the separation of church and state in Europe) and the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. As Cobbs shows, Jefferson was all for the protection of religious liberty—which he demonstrated in his proposal to protect religious freedom in 1786 (Cobbs). Even the Declaration of Independence was rooted in Enlightenment ideology. Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, for instance, wrote… Continue Reading...

Public Administration Government and Interagency Relationships

Interagency partnerships have become embedded in procedure, policy, and organizational structure. Many interagency partnerships have become mandatory either formally as in law, or informally, as through executive decisions within agencies. Mandating interagency partnerships seems restrictive, but does present major advantages including the establishment of concrete protocols used for information sharing and communication. Rather than rely on tacit, ambiguous, or circumstantial partnerships, mandatory relationships enable the division of tasks and responsibilities in ways that promotes role clarity and overall effectiveness. Policymakers do need to ensure that the interagency partnerships are operable and feasible, and that there are systems in place for… Continue Reading...

How Does Public Policy Work

Iran Contra scandal and was convicted of lying to congress in order to keep it all secret, from serving under multiple administrations and maintaining a deep-state like pursuit of regime change and imperialism under the perpetual guise of R2P. Some would complain that it undermines the continuity of government—but that would be the point. If the continuity of government had been undermined at the end of 2008, the endless war in the Middle East might not have dragged on into two more administrations—and yet it has. Trump ran a campaign on ending the wars in the Middle East—and so… Continue Reading...

Response to Hurricanes for Hospitals

policy should be the top priority over everyone in congress as it will be a positive step in bridging the gap between current health care facilities and the agency response teams tasked with developing appropriate plans for hurricane disasters. By supporting this policy and voting for it congress will be able to show constituents that they have put their best interests at heart. A policy such as this would create more cohesion and better communication among the most important players in delivering health care effectively to hurricane victims. References The Brookings Institution. (2007). 9/11, Katrina and the future of… Continue Reading...

Opioid Crisis in the United States

initiatives that are designed to prevent illicit opioids from entering the country; •    In 2018, the U.S. congress to passed the Substance Use-Disorder Prevention that Promotes Opioid Recovery and Treatment for Patients and Communities Act (commonly referred to as the SUPPORT Act) which represented the single largest legislative package addressing a single drug crisis in the country’s history (White House, 2019). Opioid deaths and current statistics In 2017, more than 47,000 Americans died as a result of an opioid overdose, including prescription opioids, heroin, and illicitly manufactured fentanyl, a powerful synthetic opioid.  That same year, an estimated 1.7 million people… Continue Reading...