Consent Essays


Quantitative Research

and pen and paper for taking down notes. Before every focus group session, consent forms were taken from participants and they were assured of data confidentiality and anonymity with regard to the interview, focus group, and validation stages. Observers (including nurse researchers and pre-doctoral students), who introduced themselves to the group prior to session commencement, sat separately. This group of individuals listened, observed, and noted down participant body language, interaction tone, and the room's ambience. In what way is the method of obtaining subjects appropriate? Justify your answer. (2) Response: A current randomized control trial under the online "WRITE… Continue Reading...

Hipaa Ethics

administrative responsibilities of medical assistants are connected with legal requirements. Insurance billing formalities, surgery patients' consent forms, and correspondence (e.g., physician's service withdrawal letter) should be handled appropriately for meeting legal standards. 5. Doctors are mandated by law to maintain confidentiality of patient information. Thus, all patient health-related information must be discussed in private with patients. Coworkers must only be communicated such information when appropriate. 6. Doctors must maintain records clearly explaining the treatment administered and time of administration. It is imperative for them to show that they overlooked no aspect of patient care and fully fulfilled legal standards.… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

schedule for the study, together with the completion of the study and presentation of the results within a suitable consent. Stakeholders will be assembled and informed on what is expected of them. Employees will be assured of the aims of the study, urged to keep their identities as defined, and guided within their availabilities (Grenyer & Lewis, 2012) WEEK 3 DISCUSSION 2 The complaints raised include failure to have an informed consent and client misunderstanding of the significance of the study. These violations are likely to endanger the validity and reliability of the study. The misconduct from among the… Continue Reading...

Concert Review

Introduction This paper will briefly review the opening night concerts/performances hosted on September 17, 2016, beginning 7.30 pm, by the Houston Symphony Orchestra at the Jones Hall, Houston, Texas (more precisely, the Jesse H. Jones Hall for the Performing Arts). The concert was conducted by Andrés Orozco-Estrada, the Houston Symphony’s music director. The performance venue is the Orchestra’s as well as the Houston Society for the Performing Arts’ permanent home (Houston Symphony). Review of Sergei Prokofiev's "Peter and the Wolf" The spectacular musical story by Prokofiev, performed by the Orchestra, features a valiant young boy, Peter, who aids his friends… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

instance, Harper and Thompson (2012) report that, "Confidentiality, privacy, informed consent, harm and power are particularly complex because of the interaction between participant and researcher, [and] the way qualitative interviews can cover unanticipated ground" (p. 237). Therefore, all respondents will be consented using an approved institutional review board instrument that is designed for that purpose. Part 3: Results The results of the review of the three selected peer-reviewed journal articles follow below. a. Data Sources. The sources of the data used in this study were reliable online academic research resources such as EBSCOHost and Questia that provide a searchable… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Fitness Research

part in the interview will be asked to read and sign an informed consent form before participating and promised their complete anonymity. Data is required essentially for a wide field of study. Therefore, it will be necessary to follow the right procedures to acquire the necessary data and make sure that the data collected is credible (Brehm-Curtis, 2014). Respondents will be identified using random and stratified sampling techniques. The samples collected and used will be approximated so that they represent the larger population in which the conclusions will be based. To get the data, questionnaires will be designed, closed… Continue Reading...

Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

child, it is something that women should choose with informed consent. However, many women avoid or delay this proper due diligence and this is not a new phenomenon. While general risk assessments and non-invasive screening can be useful, there are some other methods that are much more exhaustive and effective (Dunn, 2003). Another dimension that truly exists but is not commonly looked at is who precisely to target when it comes to the screening for birth defects. Rather than simply cast a wide net and try to get as many people as possible with no specificity other than perhaps… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

view of her medical history, this was a high-risk operation in her case. The patient provided informed consent, after which the operation was conducted. She seemed to be recovering as is usual for roughly three days following the operation, and no alteration was deemed to be required in her discharge schedule, when, surprisingly, she had to be moved instantaneously to an intensive care unit (ICU), owing to sudden breathing issues (Mcardle v. Cox ). According to the healthcare facility's rules, the respondent had to subsequently relinquish the patient's care to an ICU expert. Moreover, owing to staff deficit, and… Continue Reading...

Role Of the Fda with Prescription Drugs

choice should rule the day, both of those should be tied to informed consent based on timely and proper advice from a physician and not in response to an ad spiel on television. This is not to say that doctors and medical professionals in general are not in the practice of pushing drugs based on pressure from pharmaceutical sales representatives. This is proven in the case study for this report when looking at the practice of getting fictitious names from doctors so as to pad the prescriptions that are being filled. However, that is a regulatory issue for the… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

so much and the vast majority of public officials exist and work at the whim and consent of the people doing the electing of the same. As such, the change management that is most needed has to occur at the societal and cultural level rather from the government. References Ball, P., Monaco, G., Schmeling, J., Schartz, H., & Blanck, P. (2005). Disability as diversity in Fortune 100 companies. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 23(1), 97-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.629 Pless, N. & Maak, T. (2004). Building an Inclusive Diversity Culture: Principles, Processes and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics, 54(2), 129-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-004-9465-8 Spataro,… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

in the sixth grade, studying in eight elementary schools situated in a largely French-speaking school district in Canada. Written consent was obtained from the parents of the participants in order to be included in the study. From this population, roughly three-quarters of them took part in the study. In addition, 90% of these participating students were European Canadians. 72% of them came from a household where they lived with both biological parents. The sample of the participants was predominantly middle class and had an average income ranging between 45,000 and $55,000 Canadian dollars. Eight years subsequent to the study,… Continue Reading...

Covidien Incontinence Briefs

as they may be, would be a collection of different residents that were studied with their consent and/or from their appropriate guardians. Of course, any study that contains personally identifiable information will be discarded. Even so, important general demographics such as age, medical condition(s), gender, race and other such details will be important to consider, presuming that the sources used have not already done so. • The totality of all of the above will be considered through the lens of the implications they all have on nursing practice and on the patients that they serve Implications for Nursing Practice… Continue Reading...

What the Sistine Chapel Ceiling Represents

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was painted by Michelangelo between the years of 1508 and 1512. The chapel -- built in the 1470s for Pope Sixtus IV (the chapel's namesake) -- includes the works of many different Renaissance artists -- but it is Michelangelo's work on the ceiling that stands out above all the rest. Commissioned by Pope Julius II, Michelangelo's ceiling tells the story of the Old Testament -- the laying of the foundations of the world and the coming of Christ. The nine central panel scenes describe, for example, God separating the… Continue Reading...

Modifying a Treatment Plan

timelines, among others. Moreover, the new plan needs to be made as part of the consent of the patient to avoid any further occurrence on the need to alter it. Justify the changes both ethically and legally Eliza needs to be protected as the priority. The changes that are taking place are meant for the protection of the ultimate health status, which must be guarded at all costs. Failure to assume these changes will likely interfere with the proper plans that are supposed to protect the integrity of life of the patient and hence the resultant effects will likely… Continue Reading...

Obtaining Informed Consent in Ontario

Latha (2010) notes, "Legally, treatment without consent is permissible only where common law or statute provides such authority" (p. 96) and in the case of the schizophrenic patient who refuses to take the prescribed medication the question comes down to whether the person is legally capable of making a decision. If so, then he has every right to refuse treatment; if not, treatment may be given him. This is the essence of the Health Care consent Act, which is used to determine whether such a person as the schizophrenic patient is capable… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

birth to a special needs child, it is something that women should choose with informed consent. However, many women avoid or delay this proper due diligence and this is not a new phenomenon. While general risk assessments and non-invasive screening can be useful, there are some other methods that are much more exhaustive and effective (Dunn, 2003). Another dimension that truly exists but is not commonly looked at is who precisely to target when it comes to the screening for birth defects. Rather than simply cast a wide net and try to get as many people as possible with… Continue Reading...

Childrens Rights and Teacher Advocacy

The National Committees in UNICEF have actively participated in addressing every aspect of CRE successfully in one or two places. Concerning children's rights and adequate learning, while there are widespread opportunities for children, it is still not an entitlement in most parts of the world. When programme entitlements exist, it is quite common for links to be established between the rights contained in programme and certain responsibilities, when it should actually be linked to the United Nations Convention on Rights of the Child. This increases the chances of children learning about the rights without learning about the CRC; plus, they… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

before this incident and not been living there, there was no valid consent. The Circuit Court granted the motion on the argument that the search breached the Fourth Amendment and later affirmed by the Appellate Court. The Illinois Supreme Court denied a petition for leave to appeal by the state and granted a writ of certiorari (Samaha, 2012). Issue: The issue was whether the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibits warrantless search since police officers did not actually obtain valid consent from an individual who legally had common authority over the residence. Arguments or Objectives of the Parties:… Continue Reading...

Government’s Right to Spy

this device. Therefore, we should reject the idea of the government using its powers to bypass such consent. There is no doubt that the men and women working with intelligence agencies in our nation are hardworking citizens and professionals. These committed Americans should be allowed to work while they feel secure by the fact that they are supported by the public for all they do. Such a desired scenario can be lost when senior leaders from government mislead the populace about the authority of the government to conduct surveillance. There should be a link to espionage or terrorism, demonstrated, before… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

with the power to use force; using force is a privilege the police possess by public consent. This means the public confers trust that the police -- both the individual police and the police as a collective body of citizens -- use force in a responsible manner, and use force in accordance with ethical principles and values. The public also trusts that the police are trained and coached in a professional manner as to how, when, and why to use force judicially. Unfortunately, especially on this latter issue, American law enforcement training has failed. There is no federal police… Continue Reading...

Behn’s Oroonoko and Its Character Symbolization

from others a man is allowed to reasonably fight, approach the courts, or even kill by the woman's consent. The author affirms that no female's body ought to be economically and sexually exploited. At this juncture, she explains her own withdrawal from what transpires in the tale by indicating that the embodiment of integrity -- Oroonoko -- is corrupted. The author further questions the damaging effect of the European notions of moral, subservient women whilst expansively underlining the cultural and racial disparity between the narrator and the two main characters -- Imoinda and Oroonoko. Oroonoko confesses his plan to… Continue Reading...

Residential Schools in Canada for the Aborigines

Christianity were transfigured to the learners with and without their consent. The government saw it advisable to establish these schools so that it could access all the potential students and put them under a unified educational process. From this, Christianity could also be passed to the people (Regan, 2010). Conclusion Christianity could not be made possible with the lack of an educated lot to pass the message to them. In contrast, the Canadian government had not managed to bring its people to access schooling and education. The language of communication was English, yet the local and indigenous people did… Continue Reading...

Facebook Web Presence Analysis

Organizational Social Web Presence Social media are virtual organizations that foster and encourage interactions among members allowing them posting personal and company information, connect and communicate with other users. Major social media are Facebook, Twitter, Linkedin, Youtube, Google+, and Whatsapp's. In most cases, frequently interactions with other users make the network interactions becoming stronger, and the social media allow users to communicate through the message, weblogs, music and video stream. The objective of this paper is to investigate how Facebook as an example of a major social achieving competitive market advantages. Key Elements of Facebook Web Strategy Facebook is the… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

in case he interacted with other prisoners. With his consent, when the first solitary confinement year was over, Dahmer was taken to a unit that was less secure. Here, he was made to work for two hours each day; he used to clean the ablution block. Apparently, Dahmer adapted well to life in prison, although he had at first been separated from the other inmates. He ultimately managed to convince the authorities to let him interact more with his fellow prisoners. Dahmer learnt religion from photos and books he received from his father. The Correctional Institution of Columbia even… Continue Reading...

European Union and Crime

this controversial industry. Other industries, such as drugs for example, are more complex, but also have an element of consent that on some level could also lead them to be considered a victim-less crime. Many advanced nations, especially the U.S., have embarked upon a retribution scheme for punishment that shown to be counterproductive from many perspectives. This analysis will take a hard look at what is perceived to be "crime" and try to unpack the criminality of certain issues on a more objective basis than what is typically applied to many subjectively determined acts of criminality. Prostitution Prostitution is… Continue Reading...

Ultimate Nutrition Policy Statement

of working." Any "overtime work" done by personnel shall be through consent. Overtime shall not be allowed on a regular basis and any overtime work done shall be compensated at a premium rate. (Fair Labor Association, 2016). 5. Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining The most considerate way of resolving any issues within the workplace is by having direct engagement and an open line of communication between the employees and management. Employees shall be able to amenably communicate and relay complaints with management as regards conditions at the workplace and management practices without fear of punishment, coercion...... Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

rule, for an employer to impose into an employee's private life on social media devoid of consent or in a clandestine or intimidating way would be immoral under Kantian ethics. Employing social media while determining whether to hire or employ an applicant, when social media content is not pertinent to the employee's capacity to do the job, would be discourteous, patronizing, and biased to job applicants and employees, yet again, irrespective of permission. The risk of such actions is that personal information obtained from perspective or mistakenly might cause employers to evaluate applicants falsely, devoid of their awareness or… Continue Reading...

Video Cameras and Public Safety

be costly to implement, maintain, and monitor. Citizens may also feel their privacy invaded without their consent. Is having video cameras as part of a way to monitor the public for a crime a good idea or a bad one? The advantages are clear and lean towards public safety. Of the many crimes perpetrated in high traffic areas and public venues, many go unsolved due to lack of evidence. Video cameras serve to not only identify a perpetrator, but also show where someone has been. They can provide proof for alibis and help show where a victim was during… Continue Reading...

Exegesis Of Pauls Letter to Philemon

gospel [imag]; 14 but I preferred to do nothing without your consent, in order that your good deed might be voluntary and not something forced. 15 Perhaps this is the reason he was separated from you for a while, so that you might have him back forever, 16 no longer as a slave [imag] but more than a slave, a beloved brother -- especially to me but how much more to you, both in the flesh and in the Lord [imag]. Phm 1:17 So if you consider me your partner, welcome him as you would welcome me [rep]. 18… Continue Reading...

How Supreme Court Justices Are Appointed

Court Justices: "The President...shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States." Because unlike other public servants, Supreme Court Justices serve for life, their appointments need to be considered carefully. The general public cannot be trusted to make decisions this important with proper care and consideration. The most recent election of Donald Trump further proves this to be the case. Even though presidential appointments are problematic in their own way, they still remain the… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

principles relating to handling human subjects in experiments. These principles include informed consent and confidentiality, which are considered necessary for protection of researchers and helpless subjects (Jones, 2012). With regards to confidentiality, criminal justice researchers are ethically obligated to safeguard their data from any use against the participants in court proceedings. In relation to informed consent, researchers must provide participants with explanations of the research process and ensure that participation is voluntary. Consequently, when evaluating criminal justice data and interpreting the findings of published research, some of the tenets of ethical research include respect for persons, privacy, justice and… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

divorce his wife at will by making a declaration in the court without her wife consent. However, a man consent is required before a woman can divorce his husband. Under the Islamic legal code, man is allowed to have a temporary wife, which is a form of Islamic prostitution, and some people referred it as a pleasured marriage. In the Muslim countries such as Yemen, and Saudi Arabia, a minimum age of marriage is between 12 and 13 for women. In Yemen, more than 52% of girls marry before the age of 18. Conclusion A major challenge facing the… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

scaffolding is to be installed on footpaths or public areas, consent to be taken from Local Authority (Abu Dhabi Traffic department) or adjacent property owners. Therefore permissions must be sought prior to work commencing. (4) Use MEWPs (Mobile elevated working platforms) and mobile access platforms for temporary works. (5) Eliminate protruding edges- if not possible warning signs and banners must be put in place to warn employees. (6) All scaffold planks and kick-boards to be well secured to scaffold structure to prevent displacement. (7) Use outriggers/ guy ropes to support the scaffold. (8) Ties removed for any purpose to… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Crisis

utilizing transactional leadership. Transactional leaders together with their subordinates set fixed objectives together, and employees consent to adhering to such direction and leadership to achieve such objectives (Bass, 1990). This different style of leadership would have removed any kind of pressure felt by personnel to do any means necessary to attain success in the tasks set before them. Therefore, they would not have created a software that promotes fraud. A second choice I would have made different as a leader within Volkswagen is to instigate and implement a contrasting organizational culture. Culture describes the behavioral customs, mutual practices, common… Continue Reading...

Short and Long Term Causes Of the American Revolution

Atlantic Ocean. They could no long tolerate being governed without their specific consent. The control England was putting on the 13 colonies was obviously like a vice-grip, and the colonists were weary of the unfair laws and the sense that they had no control over their destiny. Britain's control was all about the British, not about making life better for the colonists. The Declaration of Independence (created in July, 1776) was an admission that the colonists had lost faith in any "reconciliation between them and Great Britain. By this time, the colonists had long stopped trusting the British to… Continue Reading...

The Mysteries Of Udolpho Book Analysis

the hasty decision of moving away with Valancourt without the consent of her aunt who was her guardian. I agree with her refusal to get married that fast because there was a lot that she was to earn and learn as the story progressed. Marriage would not have provided her with the opportunity to learn most of the things that she learned through the experiences of her aunt and the castle in general. Consequently, respecting her aunt was the only way that she could have become the heir of her estate's something that would not have happened if she… Continue Reading...

Apa Code Of Conduct and Watsons Little Albert Experiment

result for the human child participant known as "Albert" and the fact that informed consent was not obtained. The child was the subject of an operant conditioning in humans and the conditioned fear that the child developed was not extinguished upon the experiment's termination. While it is not likely that the child would have developed long-term psychological damage as a result of this, the ethical considerations of today's American Psychological Association would not permit such chances to be taken with a human life. Indeed, both legislation and an ethical code of conduct exist to prevent such possibilities from occurring.… Continue Reading...

Digital Marketing Details and Plans

be done but in a way that the shoppers consent to and allow for • Opt-in (or out) to email marketing • Allow users to choose what marketing and reminders they prefer to see • Resolve complaints and issues immediately. Go above and beyond unless it is clear that customer is being unfair or excessive in their complaints • Portray a consistent and positive image in ALL communications to non-Namshi personnel Timeline for 2018 -- Some things are ongoing and always changing while other things occur in three months burst, each done as needed to keep sales fresh and… Continue Reading...

Protecting Data and Health Information

data must be maintained confidential and only released to specific groups or individuals with explicit consent from the person the data concerns. Therefore, to maintain security and confidentiality, it is important to consider anonymization of data. This was discussed briefly before via encrypting data. By anonymizing data via encryption, the data becomes safer to access from other devices like smartphones. "It is, not possible for those who do not have the decoding key to identify a data subject by sing the encrypted information, and the decrypted data thus remain privately available only for those who do have the decoding… Continue Reading...

Parental Authority Hobbes and Locke

over their children seems both justifiable and in no way to depend on the consent of the governed children" (167).[footnoteRef:4] When comparing this phrase to Hobbe's claims, it seems to fall in line with the theme of desired dominion. However, desire does not come into play here, instead it is forced dominion because the rights of the parents are to control the lives of their children. Should they desire to control their children or not, it is there right to do so. Forced dominion, is something Locke discusses as a form of potential social disruption. When Locke wrote Two… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

David Hume. One particular subject that both men weighed in on was the role of consent when it comes to the creation of political obligation. The positions of both men will be covered in this report and the author of the same will come to a conclusion as to which man made the better argument. Political obligation, of course, is the general rule that the law must be obeyed. consent, on the other hand, is much more nebulous in terms of definition and concept and that will be covered in this report. While both men have very informed and… Continue Reading...

Temporary Reassignment, Scope Of Practice, and Patients Rights in Nursing

on sex, race or religion. Moreover, the nurse is supposed to ensure that he or she gets an informed consent from the patients during care. This prevents doing a procedure that the patient does not want. One may be sued in a court of law when such as case occurs. Besides, many patients value the confidentiality of information regarding their health. Patient rights are protected by law and it is the mandate of the nurse to ensure that they are upheld at all times. Observing these rights ensures that the nurses feel respected and appreciated, which raises their self-esteem… Continue Reading...

Veterans Mental Health Services

with veterans may have to consider exceptions in relation to informed consent and confidentiality (Prosek & Holm, 2012). In other words, social workers may be required to report beyond the normal ethical protocols or to exercise greater flexibility as far as informed consent is concerned. On its part, the federal government has enacted a number of policies aimed at expanding access to healthcare by Veterans. One of the major legislations is the Clay Hunt Suicide Prevention for American Veterans Act passed in 2015. The legislation was passed with the aim of expanding access to mental healthcare by veterans, including… Continue Reading...

Reactions in Parents Of Children with Life Threatening Illness

in order to explain the study, and obtained written consent. Parents were provided study questionnaires and asked to return them within four weeks of their child's admission or surgery, via either mail or by leaving it with nursing staff (Muscara, et al., 2015)." The two surveys used to collect psychological data included: • Acute Stress Disorder Scale (ASDS) is a 19-item self-report measure which assesses acute stress disorders up to four weeks following a traumatic event, and identifies those who may be at risk for developing PTSD. • Depression Anxiety Stress Scales -- Short-Form (DASS) is a 21-item self-report… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

research collected in online and offline settings. Data collection methods included a 30-item online survey, with informed consent. In total, 81 different participant narratives were collected and analyzed. The narratives were systematically coded for content, themes, and patterns. A theoretical coding process was also used to discover relationships between the different categories that emerged during the process of data collection. 3. The study population included nurses that "existed both online and offline," meaning no disembodied consciousness participants were permitted (Gaffney, et al., 2012, p. 3). In spite of the reliability and validity problems with soliciting participants online, the researchers… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

and lower court in the United States, however, the President appoints the judges based on the consent and advise of the Senate. (Kilman,. & Costello 2000). More than one and a half century after Montesquieu formulated the theory of separation of power, his work continued to guide jurist and politicians in the United States. Analysis of the Supreme Court reading reveals that Montesquieu is still having influence in the U.S. judicial decisions. For example, the Supreme Court invoked Montesquieu doctrine under Bowsher v. Synar "that struck down the Gramm-Rudman deficit reduction bill as an unconstitutional delegation of legislative power,… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

.....versus that of a general more one, it is without a doubt that the different cultures and societies of the world have evolved a great deal over the millennia. The Christians are a good example. The Christians of the Crusades or Christians of the Church of England are far from being the Christians of today. Similarly, the Muslims of the Crusades or the Muslims that have fought for 1,400 years (and counting) over the successor of Muhammad have in many ways shifted since the day of the prophet, even if many others are still fighting (Hall). One might suggest that… Continue Reading...

The Human Nature Of Othello

is on display when he elopes with Desdemona, the daughter of a senator without the consent of her father, who he knows would not approve. Second, his jealousy is piqued by Iago, who looks to bring down the Moor and ruin his life. Third, his murderous actions indicate the full extent of his fall from grace and show just how far human nature can go wrong once the slippery slide from reason and the righteous path is deviated from. This paper will examine how Othello's human nature is represented in the play and how Shakespeare's treatment of Othello expresses… Continue Reading...

Reviewing the Sexual Assault Policy

because the college has a clear policy that states consent must be sought, and it can only be given by a person who is not incapacitated in any way. Therefore, any victim who reports sexual assault and admits they were intoxicated should be taken seriously. There should be avenues that could be used by the college to investigate and establish if the victim's accusations are correct or not. It is upon the college to determine this fact and not the victim to insist on being right. The victim should not be made to feel like they have done wrong… Continue Reading...

Balfour Declaration

straight access to occupy a land that belonged to the Arab people without any consent or deliberation on its impact. In addition, the Arab people were forced to move away from the land.[footnoteRef:3] [3: Schneer, Jonathan. The Balfour Declaration: the origins of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Bond Street Books, 2010.] Positive Development As aforementioned, the British Government and the Zionist movement were in support of the Balfour Declaration. The key basis for this positive perspective is that the British government aspired and endeavored that the Declaration would be beneficial in gathering Jewish support for the Allied determination and strength in… Continue Reading...

Anti-bullying Bill in Texas

are protected, in the course of investigations by, for instance, making the suspected bully sign a pact, with parental consent, to steer clear of a fellow student. Even in case of behavior not satisfying bullying criteria, district intervention is required if pupils infringe their conduct code. However, with regard to taking disciplinary action on pupils for their off-campus doings, attorney for the Texas Association of School Boards, Blanton claimed schools need to meet a rather lofty bar owing to pupils’ Amendment I rights. According to case law, districts can act if they can establish that any speech significantly disrupts… Continue Reading...

Laws on Rape, Murder, Aggravated Assault, and Robbery

is defined at intentional or harmful touching of an individual without seeking their consent. In 2015, the rate of assault and aggravated assault in the US was 230 cases in every 100,000 people (Stevens 14). This was a considerable decline when compared to 240 cases per 100,000 people in 2010. The US government has enacted Assault Law that aims at providing justice to victims of assault and aggravated assault. In fact, assault is punishable by jailing the criminals to up to one year and fines. Aggravated assault is considered serious, and one is sentenced to 10 and 20 years… Continue Reading...

Proposed Legislation in Nursing

become a Law. At this point, the President gives consent to the proposed bill to become a Law. In most cases, the President never rejects or refuses the proposed bill though he/she holds power to do so. From here, the bill becomes an act of parliament then a Law. Different Types of "Power" Nurses Bring to the Table Regarding Policy Nurses bring to the policy table different types of power. Abood (2007) has discussed the different types of power in his article. The three major types of power discussed include legitimate power, informational power and coercive power (Abood, 2007).… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

the main causes of violence in the schools. All respondents will be consented using the informed consent form shown at Appendix A. Data analysis plan Because a mixed methods approach will be used by the proposed study, the data analysis plan will also be mixed. The qualitative data that results from the review of the relevant literature and the open-ended comments collected using the custom survey will be analyzed using a content analysis approach as described by Riffe, Lacy and Fico wherein each study is systematically analyzed and the findings used to inform the analysis of the subsequent studies… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation,” including sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or similar practices servitude or the removal of organs. As shown in Table 1 below, the constituent elements of human trafficking are all for the purposes of some type of exploitation, including prostitution and sexual exploitation: Table 1. Elements of Human Trafficking Act Means Purpose Recruitment Threat or use of force Exploitation, including Transport Coercion Prostitution of others Transfer Abduction Sexual exploitation Harboring… Continue Reading...

Student Loans Essay

should also enforce regulations that require full disclosure of the increased cost of the loan and obtain written consent from the borrower before lenders can capitalize the interest for students who continue to receive unsubsidized Stafford Loans.36 In addition, in those events where interest is capitalized on unsubsidized student loans, the additional interest charges should be subtracted from any default costs the government is required to pay on those loans.37  Further, a growing number of analysts believe that federal higher education policy must take into account the enormous amount of debt that students are incurring to achieve an education,… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.  Likewise, according to the definition provided by Black’s Law Dictionary, torture is “to inflict intense pain to body or mind for purposes of punishment, or to extract a confession or information, or for sadistic pleasure.”45 The foregoing definitions are congruent with the guidance provided by Faulkes who advises, “Interrogation or torture are rational attempts… Continue Reading...

Texas Law Cases on Theft

convicted of the theft after facing bench trial. Q1 The elements of theft without the consent of the owner entail several aspects. Theft undertaken by another party is considered a component of theft without the approval of the owner. Once the defendant received the stolen goods or properties, it is also considered theft. Lastly, when a defendant is issued certain goods of an owner and is aware that the goods were stolen, it is considered an element of theft. The elements of receiving stolen property in the Texas Theft Statue considers any act of taking some property without the approval of… Continue Reading...

How European Interactions Benefitted Indigenous Women

changed following these interactions with Europeans as men were now required to obtain consent from a woman’s parents before marrying her. Men could no longer just marry women without their parents’ consent since they faced the prospect of severe punishment. Given the impact of European interactions, the process of marriage in indigenous societies in North America were redefined. The first step in this process was for men to seek for consent from the woman for any relations with her. This implied that the woman’s wishes were taken into consideration and respected.[footnoteRef:2] This was followed by seeking consent from the… Continue Reading...

Kant’s Notion Of ‘perpetual Peace’ in Managing Peace

that have democratic constitutions have shown the importance of getting the consent of their citizens when waging war with their enemies. Therefore, this makes citizens a determinant factor, and if they decide to engage in war, then they should bear the mark of all horrors of War. At such levels, the population of a given country will need to internalize the costs of its war behavior, and by so doing, they will be organizing their country into a liberal world where states are law regulated (Carothers, 1997). The sanguine nature of Kant concerning the prospects of peace looks at… Continue Reading...

Sexual Assault and Legal Standards

juvenile) confined the girl in her own house against her will and had sexual intercourse with her without her consent (“State in the interest of S.M.I.”). To satisfy the stipulations of the law, the act must involve sexual penetration, be done knowingly and be accomplished through physical force or coercion. Q2. Summarize the court’s reasoning for adopting the intrinsic force rule. In this particular instance, the trial judge unequivocally found that “no” means “no” in a rape case and there is nothing equivocal in the nature of this statement. The boy claimed that the girl did not forcibly resist… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

department of this particular city could lead to the establishment of consent decrees against our police department by the Department of Justice. In an attempt to improve the relations between the police department and the citizens of this great city, I will be seeking to initiate far-reaching changes in a variety of areas including, but not limited to training and oversight. Various strategies will be adopted in an attempt to motivate officers towards acceptable behaviors and further enhance their understanding of the problem. Discussion Question 1 What leadership style(s) would you use in your new position to accomplish these… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

would easily resort to informing the client’s next of kin without seeking his or her consent. (Dapaah and Senah 44). For instance, while explaining to the family the reason a mother who is lactating is not breastfeeding, it is almost impossible not to disclose her status to her significant others. Mark Siegler, Chicago physician-ethicists wrote an essay ‘Confidentiality in medicine-a decrepit concept” highlighting that patient confidentiality that has been taught from the Hippocrates era is dead. The battle is significantly between providing quality care and ensuring the patient’s confidentiality. In the current medical scene, the best care is provided… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Examinations

wife. State v. Shelley (1997) 1. According to the court, why can participants in a sporting event consent to conduct that would otherwise be a crime? In the case State v. Shelley, participants in a sporting event can consent to conduct that would otherwise be considered a crime if the conduct could be reasonably foreseeable, flowing directly from the rules of the game. For example, it’s reasonable to assume that agreeing to a boxing match might result in getting punched in the face, or other comparable injuries. 2. Why should they be allowed to consent to such conduct when in other… Continue Reading...

Arapahoe County 2015 Adopted Budget

a financial year on stationery and supplies devoid of obtaining consent from their superiors. I believe that these recommendations are justifiable and rational for the department in particular. One of the main reasons why I chose a pro rata rate for the revenue adjustment is that it will be beneficial for the department to comprehend the total amount necessary for cuts and begin making the necessary changes immediately. For instance, making financial plans on reductions in salaries and wages as well as supplies at the start of the financial period rather than every certain time period is necessary. In… Continue Reading...

Various Issues Of Organization Behavior

company. Miller and the wife were confronted by changes that were suggested by an external consultant without their consent. This resulted in a demoralized work force. Recommendations From the departmental perspective, there was need for Miller to be involved in the progressive discussions about his work changes and the benefits that would come from these changes needed to be made clear to him. At the organizational level also there was need to have a proper change implementation process and procedure that would see the organization meet minimum revolt through implementation of an engaging process. The department also needed to… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Ethics

is beside the point: that choice was made prior to the consent given in the act of procreation. Nature has now engaged on a course of life development. If one boards a train bound for a specific destination, one would be mad to suddenly yell out that he has decided that he does not want to be on the train anymore or go that destination, or that he boarded the train by accident. Everyone will look around and ask, “Who put you on this train? You yourself did! Why are you now changing your mind? This train is already… Continue Reading...

How Important Is the Idea Of Equality to Each Theorist

convention, and is established, or at least authorised by the consent of men. This latter consists of the different privileges, which some men enjoy to the prejudice of others; such as that of being more rich, more honoured, more powerful or even in a position to exact obedience (Pg. 293).” According to Rousseau the difference between man and animal is perfectibility. Despite having scant needs, scant interaction with fellow humans and no notion of evil or good, such a man is happy. He writes, “Self-perfection, a faculty, with the aid of circumstances, successfully develops all the others (pg. 296).”… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

Included in that Act had been the most crucial ethical delibrations such as informed consent, human rights during research, certifying research projects based on benefits and odds, privacy of subject data, compensation to human subjects who volunteer for research, understanding of religious and cultural implications, watching the rights of individuals and prisoners suffering from mental illness, and carrying out research on fetuses. Aside from the Helsinki Declaration and CIOMS documents, which comprise the scientific foundation of the law, the reports have been tailormade and centered on Code of Shia religious laws and atypical cultural problems of the Iranian public.… Continue Reading...

Sars and Patient Rights

and how it spread. Thus, the key ethical issues involved obtaining consent from the participants in the study. Every participant in a study has a right to take part or not take part in the study—and every participant has the right to know what the participant’s role is and what the information is being used for. Likewise, no participant must take part in the study without giving consent. Informed consent can be regarded as: the process by which researchers engage in “(1) disclosing to potential research subjects information needed to make an informed decision; (2) facilitating the understanding of… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

will be approached for participation, with their babies constituting the initial cohort. Informed consent will be acquired from parents, in writing. Information will be acquired via parent questionnaires, biological samples and health records. A random subsample of participant children between the ages of four months and five years (participating from half a year previously) will be chosen and requested to be brought in for the purpose of routine physical tests. After seven years of age, the tests will be conducted on the entire cohort (Reilly et al. 2005). Body mass index (BMI, which is weight (kilograms) / height (m2))… Continue Reading...

Morality Relativism and Beliefs

in public is the idea that when a man exposes himself to a woman without her consent, it is sexual harassment. Yet, men can go out in public and be barraged by photos of women baring almost all of their bodies on magazine covers or billboards and not be allowed to view this as sexual harassment. In both cases, sexuality is obvious being used and in neither case is consent really given. This to me appears to be contradictory: if it is wrong for a man to expose himself to others without their consent, should it not also be… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

February 2018, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/oj/interviews/uelmen.html Jones, J. (2018). Ethical Considerations in Criminal Justice Research: Informed consent and Confidentiality. Inquiries Journal. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/674/ethical-considerations-in-criminal-justice-research-informed-consent-and-confidentiality Justice, Western Theories. (2018). Iep.utm.edu. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from https://www.iep.utm.edu/justwest/#SH1b Labaton, S. (2018). Lessons of Simpson Case Are Reshaping the Law. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from http://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/06/us/lessons-of-simpson-case-are-reshaping-the-law.html?pagewanted=all Mueller, C. (1996). Introduction: O.J. Simpson and the Criminal Justice System on Trial. Colorado Law Faculty Scholarship. Retrieved from http://htt://scholar.law.colorado.edu/articles/684 Skolnick, P., & Shaw, J. (2010). The O. J. Simpson Criminal Trial Verdict: Racism or Status Shield?. Journal Of Social Issues, 53(3), 503-516. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1997.tb02125.x The Jurisdiction of a Court of Equity to Prevent a… Continue Reading...

Privacy Risks and Principles

for their marketing and advertising purposes without (a user’s) explicit consent” (eBay, 2017). This is necessary so as to ensure that a user is not inundated by spam emails and unsolicited calls from telemarketers. On the security front, the website points out that it takes deliberate steps to protect the information of a user via the utilization of “technical and administrative security measures to reduce the risks of loss, misuse, unauthorized access, disclosure and alteration” (eBay, 2017). The relevance of this particular part of the privacy policy cannot be overstated given the significant harm identity theft and related issues… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

is exhibited in the death penalty. The only question that arises following the consent of this fact is whether or not the death penalty actually works as a deterrent. Does Deterrence Work? Does the death penalty “work” as a deterrent? Does it actually deter would-be murderers? This question is somewhat impossible to answer because no quantitative study can be performed to measure statistically whether a would-be murderer was prevented from murdering based on his or her awareness of the fact that there is a mortal consequence established by the state for committing the crime. Qualitatively speaking, the penalty’s deterrence… Continue Reading...

Babies Born from Transplanted Uteruses Ethics

patients, who make their decisions autonomously and with informed consent, transplanted uterine deliveries should certainly be an option for women. In Favor Of There are several strong arguments in favor of offering this medical marvel to women who wish it. The strongest argument in favor of transplanted uterus births is the ethic of patient autonomy. A woman who has access to a medical procedure, who is informed about the pros and cons of that procedure, and who makes her decisions with the full awareness and support of the medical team has every legal and ethical right to choosing that… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

However, others argue that those who consented should not have had the right to consent on behalf of their friends. How Facebook Should Be Responsible for Protecting Users’ Data Although Facebook has not been willing to label the incident a data breach, it does acknowledge that it is an issue.  However, it may not be an issue that is covered by laws.  Theoretically, it is covered by international treaty.  “The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights already includes a right to privacy, as does the UN’s Universal Declaration of Human Rights” (Schackelford).  However, these international treaties are not… Continue Reading...

Leadership Problems and Proposed Recommendations Essay

were confronted by changes that were suggested by an external consultant without their consent. This resulted in a demoralized work force. Recommendations From the departmental perspective, there was need for Miller to be involved in the progressive discussions about his work changes and the benefits that would come from these changes needed to be made clear to him.  At the organizational level also there was need to have a proper change implementation process and procedure that would see the organization meet minimum revolt through implementation of an engaging process. The department also needed to ensure that with the changes… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing Of Namshi Essay

This will allow for marketing to be done but in a way that the shoppers consent to and allow for Opt-in (or out) to email marketing Allow users to choose what marketing and reminders they prefer to see Resolve complaints and issues immediately. Go above and beyond unless it is clear that customer is being unfair or excessive in their complaints Portray a consistent and positive image in ALL communications to non-Namshi personnel Timeline for 2018 – Some things are ongoing and always changing while other things occur in three months burst, each done as needed to keep sales… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Criminal Justice

confidence needs to have been explicitly guaranteed such as through an informed consent agreement. Second, confidentiality must be deemed essential to maintain the relationship between researcher and participant. Third, the relationship between researcher and participant needs to add value to the community. Finally, the damage done from disclosure is deemed greater than the benefit of breaking confidentiality. Confidentiality issues are not the only potential ethical challenge for criminal justice researchers. Nouwen (2014) discusses the role of the researcher in international criminal justice, human rights, and advocacy law. While the goal of the researcher remains seeking justice, the goals of… Continue Reading...

Literacy Rates Among Females in Developing Countries

Any woman who wants to travel abroad needs the consent of her husband. But our vice president is a woman. So when our vice president travels abroad, she needs the consent of her husband. Meanwhile, sixty-five percent of Iranian university students are women, because they do better on entrance exams than men do.”[footnoteRef:10] What this shows is that Iran has a culture that is accepting of women being educated and supports female literacy. It also shows that Iran has a culture that is one part liberalized and one part still very much traditional in its attitudes towards women’s roles.… Continue Reading...

Digital Rights Management Ethical Dilemmas

2003), given that one typically lives in a country that he or she did not explicitly consent to living in (having arrived by birth or as a child). A natural extension of this in the digital rights arena is obligation to the laws of some other country – such as when a Kazakh creates a bypass in violation of US and UK law. Guardians of the Status Quo One of the interesting issues is a stakeholder who's role is primarily to serve as guardian of the status quo (or to reject that role, as the case may be). Such… Continue Reading...

Dolci and the Counter Reformation

by Pope Leo X in 1521, yet he would later be excommunicated for refusing to consent to the Pontiff’s decree that he could not have an annulment from his wife (Elton). Henry, like Herod, had become lustful with desire for another woman, and he wanted out of his marriage—and to get out of it he was willing to sacrifice his country’s Christian heritage and proclaim himself the new head of the church in England (Laux). He went from being a Defender of Catholicism in the 16th century to being its worst enemy. His daughter Elizabeth succeeded him to the… Continue Reading...

Rounding by Nurses in the Progressive Care Unit

in which interdisciplinary rounding is conducted. The interviews will be recorded and patient informed consent forms will have to be obtained before the interviews can take place. The planning steps for this process will include meeting with the head of the PCU and establishing a routine for the interdisciplinary rounding process so that this part of the study can be conducted in a mannerly fashion. The heads of the various disciplines will have to be consulted and a plan for rounding established prior to the beginning of this project. The first part of the project involving individual team members… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

attached. The researchers will then contact the patient for possible inclusion in the research. Upon consent the patient will be included in the research. This will go on for 60 patients from whom random sampling will be done and 30 patients allocated the control and another 30 allocated control arm. Since the research will go on for six months, a period over which some patients will have been discharged and others admitted into the hospital, the sampling and allocation of the arms will take the snowball format. It will e continuous as the patients come in. The allocation of… Continue Reading...

Glide Right Inc Strategic Supply Chain Management

discovering. The first is that the engineer, Angela, is ordering without the consent of the supply chain division. This alone is cause for concern because this is not the process, and she is not following the supply chain department's processes. So in that sense, regardless of what else is happening, there appears to be at least an error made. This might also reflect a certain mistrust of the department in terms of what they think the supply team does (order). Further, this process of having the suppliers bid against each other on price is worrisome. Price might not be… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Discrimination in Health Care System

where the opinions of the subjects were not sought, indeed their consent to subject them to the medical procedure was not sought but they were all the same taken through the medical procedure. The lack of trust that the Hopkins research found out among the subjects questioned also came out in the case of Tamara above with the statistics on 28% of blacks against 22% of whites feeling that their physicians would willingly expose them to unnecessary risks being justified here. Tamara had the right to feel that just because she was listening to music then the physicians would… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence

Quantitative proposal: The use of Emotional Intelligence in targeted Virtual team sales With the globalization, the world has become a global village through the facilitation of the ever changing and improving information technology. Just like nations and global companies, disciplines are no longer independent but relate with each other in order to both impact on the performance of human existence, as well as remain relevant in the contemporary society. It is on this premises that this proposal looks at the possibility of having psychology of Emotional Intelligence (EI) facilitating global sales of latest gadgets manufactured in the US across the… Continue Reading...

Patient Analysis for a Nurse Practitioner

during treatment and recovery. Referral Emergency marsupialization was advised in case of Ms. Richards, with her informed consent garnered. The following pre-surgical antibiotics were administered: ciprofloxacin (500 mg) administered twice a day, orally, for five days; metronidazole (400?mg) administered three times a day, orally, for a week; and doxycycline (100?mg) administered orally for a week (Lilungulu et. al, 2017). Follow-up In post-surgical care, the patient continued with the aforementioned antibiotics, in addition to the analgesic, paracetamol (1?g) administered thrice a day, orally, for three days. Patient was de-hospitalized on day 3 and referred to a reproductive health center to receive counseling… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Sodomy Cases Rulings

Right to Privacy and Consenting Adults: Examining the Sodomy Cases The 1986 case of Bowers v. Hardwick represents the continued legacy of homophobia of the era. This case demonstrates how homophobia has amounted to longstanding oppression for gay people, and has continually thwarted justice from protecting them or ever serving them. Michael Hardwick was in his late 20s when he was bartending at a gay bar in Georgia. He threw a beer bottle into an outdoor trash can and was written up by the police for public drinking (Bazelon, 2012). The terms of this citation come under suspicion as its… Continue Reading...

Education Research into Dual Credit Equity

ethical considerations of this research are mainly related to informed consent. Especially when it comes to reaching out to underserved populations, researchers must carefully consider how the survey items are worded, how the results will be used, and how well the parents and students understand the implications of the research. To improve informed consent processes, translators will be used for non-English speaking participants. References Dual Credit (2017). Website: https://www.hawaii.edu/dualcredit/ Gewertz, C. (2017). Dual credit: race and income gaps are getting wider, study finds. Education Week, Aug 29, 2017. http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/high_school_and_beyond/2017/08/dual_credit_race_and_income_gaps_getting_wider.html Halagao, P.E. (n.d.). Exposing K–12 Filipino Achievement Gaps and Opportunities… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

in the project is voluntary and requiring participants to complete an informed consent form. None of the research participants will be coerced to engage in the study or enlisted in the project without their consent. Participants will also be granted the liberty to withdraw from the project at any time and for whatever reasons. During this process, researcher participants will not be required to provide any personal identification information as a means of safeguarding their privacy. Additionally, the researcher will also ensure that information obtained for this project will be utilized for the purposes of this research and not… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Children and Adolescents Adhd

options are concerned. Towards this end, respect for Jamel’s autonomy would be upheld by way of seeking parental consent for the treatment strategies and approaches to be embraced. References Centers for Disease and Prevention – CDC (2017). Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/diagnosis.html Foreman, D.M. (2006). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Legal and Ethical Aspects. Arch Dis Child, 91(2), 192-194.   Continue Reading...

Atheism Vs Theism According to Mccloskey

this same sense: he is not open to a relationship with a divine being because he refuses to consent to the idea that such a being exists since said being has not revealed itself directly to McCloskey. On the Cosmological Argument, McCloskey refuses to accept the notion that the existence of the world is proof of a divine creator. He rejects the notion that a deity is the source of all things. This he calls the uncaused cause—which Evans and Manis (2009) recognize as God. McCloskey is more willing to accept that the origins of the universe are a… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

the local area. Participants will be informed about the nature of the study and their informed consent will be obtained before their participation in the interview begins. Statistical Methods Mean analysis. This type of statistical analysis focuses on identifying the average or “mean” of a sum of data. For instance, if responses gathered are ranked using the Likert scale, the “mean” or average ranking of responses for each question can be supplied, which would indicate the general type of response given from the sample. This type of analysis is helpful for determining an overall characteristic of a population with… Continue Reading...

Tom Regan Animal Rights

his premise, it is just not a premise that I can consent to because I do not think it aligns with reality as I understand it. References Feister, J. (2017). Saint Francis of Assisi and the animals. Retrieved from http://blog.franciscanmedia.org/saint-francis-of-assisi-and-the-animals Regan, T. (1985). Case for animal rights. In PETER SINGER (ed), In Defense of Animals, New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985, pp. 13-26. Continue Reading...

Capitalism and Economic Surplus

much taxation should be used to do all of the above. References Epic Quality. (2014). Noam Chomsky- Manufacturing consent (1992). YouTube. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AnrBQEAM3rE Liberty Pen. (2011). What is Capitalism? (1948) - YouTube. YouTube. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ah23Mm0XlNk Mathur, A. (2018). The Concerning Drop in Workforce Participation And Role Of Family- Friendly Policies. Forbes.com. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/aparnamathur/2016/05/25/the-concerning-drop-in- workforce-participation-and-role-of-family-friendly-policies/#279095965c6c   Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

participate. In addition, all participants have to be provided with a form of informed consent explicitly outlining their right of refusing participation and withdrawal rights (at any stage), which they must sign and return prior to recording their responses for research purpose. An additional requirement in medical researches is specifying all potential participation-related risks. In case of minor participants, consent of a parent or legal guardian is required. Researchers have to retain the forms of informed consent for a specified time period (normally 3 years) following data acquisition process completion for complying with scientific conduct norms in their workplace… Continue Reading...

Health Screening for Diabetes

process will only take place with both the verbal and written consent of the participants and it will be non-intrusive in nature. The simple procedure will involve BP measurement of the participant. If the BP determined to be > 135/80 mm Hg, whether it is treated or untreated, the individual will then be further screened for diabetes. However, this referral will only take place after a second reading is taken within a time interval of five minutes from the first reading. Upon referral for the specific diabetic test, the participant will be taken through the blood sample draw and… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

deviation from mean) would be better (Aiken & West, 1991). Ethical Concerns (APA, 2017). · 3.10 Informed consent. The informed consent principle was considered when performing this study. Subject participation was voluntary and based on authors’ personal references. · 4.01 Maintaining Confidentiality. Confidentiality of the information provided by study subjects was maintained. · 3.04. Avoiding Harm. Psychologists undertake reasonable action for ensuring no harm comes to their patient or client, organizational client, study subjects, supervisees, pupils and colleagues, and work to minimize any inevitable or predictable harm. All this was considered by the authors of the given study. Conclusion On the… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

input from this exercise was used to further refine the items. Prior to the questionnaire administration, informed consent was sought from all those who were to participate in the study. Regarding the third questionnaire, parental consent was sought. While the first questionnaire was completed at home, the third questionnaire was administered during normal class time. In the latter case, the presence of physical education teachers was sought. The second questionnaire was administered during scheduled school time. The study’s purpose was given at the onset of the session and all the participants were given assurances that their responses would be… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

in end-of-life scenarios does not necessarily entail preserving or extending life without the express consent of the patient or a primary caregiver. References Bollig, G., Gjengedal, E. & Rosland, J.H. (2015). They know! Do they? Palliative Medicine 30(5): 456-470. Hogsnes, L., Danielson, E., Norbergh, K.G., et al. (2016). Healthcare professionals’ documentation in nursing homes when caring for patients with dementia in end of life. Journal of Clinical Nursing 25(11-12): 1663-1673. McAndrew, N.S. & Leske, J.S. (2014). A balancing act. Clinical Nursing Research 24(4): 357-374. Pope, T.M. (2018). Legal aspects in palliative and end of life care in the United… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

change management process. This type of process requires the consent of the administration and often of the health care facility’s board. Nurses advocating for change have to inform stakeholders, including top level administrators, as to the purpose of the change and the reason it should be implemented. This means nurses have to be able to educate administrators as to why this change towards providing better access to care for veterans is needed. Nurses have to be informed and can be as they are on the front lines of health care. Other stakeholders include the public, as veterans live in… Continue Reading...

How to Store Prescription Drugs Safety

chronic pain management clinic or dental clinic who were prescribed opioids. All participants received informed consent and then completed the Script Safety intervention, which is an online information service containing information specific to the medication each participant was taking. Telephone interviews were conducted one week and one month following the intervention to assess knowledge retention and comprehension, misuse behaviors, and overall satisfaction. Results showed that satisfaction rates were high, knowledge comprehension and retention rates were also high, and that some self-reported misuse behaviors had decreased at the one-month mark. The authors clearly outline their reasons for conducting the research,… Continue Reading...

Provider Patient Communication Through Professional Interpreters

as ad hoc interpreters. The individuals were randomly selected and involved in the project voluntarily through signing an informed consent form to confirm participation. To determine generalizability of the research’s findings, the researcher utilized descriptive statistics for comparison of the overall department attributes as shown in Appendix 1. Instrumentation The development or design of the data collection process for this study involved the use of a decision tree. Using the decision tree, the researcher started with defining the phenomenon of interest and research question, identifying the phenomena to be evaluated in order to answer the research question, and examining… Continue Reading...

Beneficence Respect and Justice in Education Research

is any different from any other research in the social sciences; from population sampling and informed consent to how the research is applied in policy, education research needs to conform to the highest ethical standards possible. Second, over the past several decades there has been an increased awareness of how education fits into social justice. Increased awareness of how developmental or psychological disabilities impact learning, or how students with special needs can receive the best possible education has also led to legislation that requires the public school system to serve all students with equal consideration. As Lopez-Alvarado (2017) points… Continue Reading...

Educational Administration and Research Methods Assessment

the ethical implications of the research conducted, not just in terms of the methods such as providing informed consent, but also in terms of how the results of the study could be used. For example, educational administrators need to consider how standardized tests and other assessments impact student labeling, educational tracking, and student self-concepts. Some administrators will want research that specifically shows areas of need or weakness in their school, with the goal of improving the allocation of resources. Other administrators will want to improve their human resources practices, or implement new instructional strategies that are designed to improve… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddler Development

stage are based on privacy concerns, the necessity for informed consent, the protection and security of data, the importance of removing bias from the study as much as is possible, and the safeguarding of data from manipulation or falsification. First, participants’ privacy should be respected and no information published about them that could expose them or their identity to the public. Second, participants at this age would need to give their informed consent (typically given by the guardian who has the right to allow the child to be part of a study). The purpose of the study and what… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

health care organizations such as hospitals and clinics. Obtaining the consent and support of the representatives of these regions will also play a significant role. Both verbal and written consent will be obtained from these different stakeholders. Taking this into consideration, it is vital to present up-to-date supporting and germane evidence for the amendment that demonstrates that the inclusion of this program will improve the health of adults in the state by reducing the obesity and overweight rates. Ethical and Legal Considerations The Nurses Code of Ethics, provisions seven through to nine clearly outline the responsibilities that nurses play… Continue Reading...

Corporate Greed Firms Secretly Collecting and Selling Information About Your Online Behavior

instances, parties that collect data are able to categorize, store, and sell free or captured information without the consent of the concerned individual. Even in instances where information is voluntarily given to social networking or e-shopping websites, web users cannot control who the information will be sold to (Tsesis, 2014). The data industry is currently a three-hundred-billion-dollar-per-annum industry, with around three million employees in the US alone. Information brokers attempt to understand customer identity and interests. For organizational delivery of more relevant advertisements to customers, data-brokering companies have to provide information on services and products of potential interest to… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Christian Faith

that faith is based on reason.[footnoteRef:2] The mind has to consent to the truths that the Church teaches before an act of faith can be made or before faith can be professed. Faith is therefore, in the beginning, a rational assent of the mind to the facts laid before it, which teach, namely, that: 1) Jesus Christ is the Son of God; 2) He died on the Cross in reparation for the sins of world; 3) His sacrifice atoned for the sins of mankind and opened the gates of Heaven, which had been barred since the fall of Adam… Continue Reading...

Knowledge and Understanding in Sports

be obtained from the school, parents, and students. Informed consent forms were sent home with students and returned with parents’ signatures for all 18 students. A copy of the informed consent form is attached in the Appendix. Permission from the school was requested and obtained via email. In the school where the research was conducted, some considerations had to be made. Though using video recordings of students was a normal part of students’ daily school curriculum, the use of video recordings in research was not something that parents had been informed about or given their consent to—so it was… Continue Reading...

Emergency Department Nurse’s Ethical Dilemma

ethical principle. And now that the patient herself was not in a position to give informed consent, the nurse turned out surprisingly ethical enough and involved the family. It seems this nurse understood the legal risks that surrounded her while providing care. According to Reising (2012), nurses should do the following to steer clear of being sued for malpractice: · Immediately the nurse observes some deviation in the health care, they should report this and supply any information required to the relevant authorities. · Make accurate documentation of all nursing care, taking care not to chart anything ahead of… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Reason to Faith

is one of the most well-known scholastics to make that argument.[footnoteRef:2] The mind must consent to the truths of the faith and the heart and mind must then act in unison to bear that faith out in one’s life. This is why the scholastics argued that faith rested on reason—for people are rational beings and need reasons to “buy into” an idea.[footnoteRef:3] Anselm’s ontological argument, for example, used reason to prove God’s existence.[footnoteRef:4] However, as others and Scripture show, faith can be obtained through deep intuition and feeling as well.[footnoteRef:5] This paper will explain how although faith typically depends… Continue Reading...

Ratifying the U.s. Constitution

Court "immense powers" that were not only unprecedented, but perilous for a nation founded on the principle of consent of the governed. Given the extent to which citizens' power to effectively withhold their consent from federal actions has been eviscerated, it is hard to argue with Brutus's conclusion. Thus, one can see that the Anti-Federalist position was most likely the correct one in terms of states losing their power to a branch of government that consisted of unelected officials (judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by Congress). The idea of so many diverse people being represented by… Continue Reading...

Critical Analysis War Is a Racket

the common people. In fact, people should speak out—they should not remain silent: silence is consent, and the quieter we are, the more it means we don’t mind the racket. Three lessons we can learn from the article are: 1) war is a racket—it benefits a handful of people and groups while costing many dearly; 2) our leaders are complicit—they allow the racket to continue and never hold anyone accountable; on the contrary, they conspire with the racketeers to keep the whole thing going; 3) the way to smash the racket is to change the way we go to… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Ethics

Organizational Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility A. Create three corporate policies that reflect the organization’s culture and ethical viewpoints · Encourage the empowerment and engagement of all employees in corporate decision making · Collaboration within the workplace at all times and leadership development · Active involvement and participation in the communities in which our business operations are present 1. Explain the rationale behind the policies, including how they align with the organization’s culture · The rationale behind the corporate policy on employee empowerment and engagement is linked to the fact that when employees are engaged at the workplace setting, they… Continue Reading...

Financial Strategies Of Healthcare Organization

confidence and be retrieved to the benefit of the patient or with their consent. In order to synchronize digital information across various departments in healthcare the hospital management may consider outsourcing. Healthcare institutions can outsource IT experts during the development and implementation of their IT infrastructure. Some institutions will keep an entire IT department to take care of emergency system issues and for general continuous IT infrastructure maintenance services. In the healthcare context outsourcing is bound to have fundamental benefits especially for the institutions that would find it difficult to hire professionals (such as radiologists, cardiologists etc.) on a… Continue Reading...

Collecting Quantitative and Qualitative Data

interview include confidentiality, bias and permissions. The interviewee should always remain anonymous unless with their consent. Identification of the interviewee should only be allowed if it is essential for the accurate conclusion of the research (Byrne, 2001). Bias in an interview can come in many different ways including asking leading questions that influence the answers given. The selection process can also be skewed to favor some candidates. Interviews rely heavily on good judgment. If the judgment of the interviewer is poor then the results will also be biased. It takes a lot of preparation and skill to conduct a… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

standards in research is mandatory. Researchers must receive informed consent, and empower the participants in the research with the option to leave. The results of the qualitative and quantitative studies can be used to design an anti-bullying intervention or a public relations marketing campaign designed to change attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Similarly, both qualitative and quantitative research methods should be used to assess the overall effectiveness of the anti-bullying intervention strategy. Qualitative methods can be used to survey or interview parents, students, teachers, and administrators about the perceived effects or effectiveness of the programs, also asking for input as… Continue Reading...

Diabetes and Self Care

the responses. From the results, it was clear that the respondents were unlikely to provide consent for using their EMR data, so they were unlikely to be included in the study sample. Also, the study focused on what the patients perceived autonomy support from one health supporter. But diabetic adults are likely to receive multiple diseases related support including support from multiple people from all types of relationships. Note that the findings do not in any way account for support from a broader social network (Lee et al 2018). Thirdly, it is important to note that the participants’ general… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

interviewed in this study will also be required to give voluntary informed consent. This will be required after they are assured of the confidentiality of the data collected which will help to generalize the findings in the study population. The interviewees will also be given clear instructions for the completion of the questionnaire to ensure they understand what is required of them. The questionnaire will also be pretested and peer-reviewed to help in ensuring questions are phrased in the best way possible and that the choices listed provide higher representation of the appropriate response choices. More questions will also… Continue Reading...