Constitution Essays


Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

that portrayed the concept of being a person as intrinsic and social in its constitution. The view postulates that one can never be a person alone but in a relationship with others. In Confucius' view, no person exists unless they are two or more. If people are deprived of all relationships, it would not help to unearth the central essence that defines human nature. Confucius heralds virtue as being a fulfillment of human potential. Owing to the fact that such potential is at, minimum, provided in the relationships people are born in, the initial and most significant virtues surround… Continue Reading...

Guns in the Workplace

my personal opinion, everybody is legally and morally entitled to own guns. The U.S. constitution does delineate citizens' right to possess and carry arms -- a right that is often disregarded in the organizational context. In the year 2002, timberland owner and timber-products manufacturer, Weyerhaeuser, based in Seattle, sacked a number of its Oklahoma factory workers for violating the company-stipulated prohibition against keeping arms in their automobiles. This mass firing elicited a sharp outcry from gun-rights supporters such as the NRA (National Rifle Association). These groups assert that individuals bearing a firearms license must be able to access their… Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

the fact that it has a parliamentary monarch with a constitution for its citizens (The Commonwealth, 2016). Viewed from this perspective, this system of government is technically a monarchy. However, the fact that it does feature a parliament and some of the conventional components of democracy -- such as a constitution -- evince the fact that the democratic process is certainly thriving in this part of the world. The best way to describe this system of government, which might appear contradictory otherwise, is to see it as a replica of the same government that exists throughout the United Kingdom,… Continue Reading...

10th Amendment and the Supremacy Clause

10th amendment is "The powers not delegated to the United States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people" (Mcpherson, 2009, p. 254). The Supremacy Clause is "This constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land" (Dixon, Mccorquodale, Williams, & Mccorquodale, 2011, p. 127). In addition, the Judges within each State must be bound thus, any… Continue Reading...

Congress Vs the Public Library

United States v. American Library Association, 539 U.S. 194 (2003) saw the U.S. Supreme Court rule that libraries as well as public schools are subject to the authority of U.S. Congress concerning installation of web filtering software as a result of receiving E-Rate discounts. These discounts are part of federal funding. Any public school or library receiving such funds must install this type of software. The ruling demonstrated installation of such filtering software is not unconstitutional as it does not violate the First Amendment. This ruling provided the groundwork for the Children's Internet Protection Act to take full effect. In… Continue Reading...

Differences Between Capitalism and Socialism

a right. At the same time, this is not something that exists in the constitution. Even so, the constitution was written in a day before health insurance and modern society even existed. The author of this report holds that people with an inability to afford it should get help (and they do). However, the private sector does a good job and getting people covered when they want to buy coverage and this should be left alone. If anything, the government should just buy people private healthcare insurance if they need it rather than making a new bureaucracy. As for… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Religion

civil rights is a salient as it has ever been. • The constitution protects individuals from discrimination in the public sphere by guaranteeing a set of basic rights and freedoms. • However, there are many religious groups that claim that their religious freedoms entitle them to have some discriminatory powers relative to individuals that are in opposition to their religious beliefs. • U.S. Civil Rights Commission issued a report recently outlining some of the contemporary tensions in the balance between church and state (Davidson, 2016): • "Religious exemptions to the protections of civil rights based upon classifications such as race,… Continue Reading...

Karen Refugees Of America

foundation from which a means of progress and integration can be built. References Amar, A. (2016). The constitution today. Basic Books. Arnold, K. (2015). Contemporary immigration in America. ABC-CLIO. Furber, S., Jackson, J., Johnson, K., Sukara, R., & Franco, L. (2013). A Qualitative Study on Tobacco Smoking and Betel Quid Use Among Burmese Refugees in Australia. Journal Of Immigrant And Minority Health, 15(6), 1133-1136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10903-013-9881-x Gilhooly, D. & Lee, E. (2016). The Karen resettlement story: A participatory action research project on refugee educational experiences in the United States. Action Research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1476750315625338 Harkins, B. (2012). Beyond "Temporary Shelter": A Case Study of… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

the transaction to be capable of "substantially" preventing or decreasing market competition (Mcmillan). The constitution of Canada gives specific authority to provincial governments over hospitals, broad control when it comes to lawmaking (to regulate civil and property rights), and over every general private or local issue within the provincial jurisdiction. Consequently, governments at the provincial level are charged with regulating healthcare coverage and delivery, despite federal provision of financing by means of the 1984 Canada Health Act ensuring that provincial-level healthcare insurance schemes fulfill certain conditions (Mcmillan). Provincial-level research scholars and lawmakers are often concerned with regard to the Canadian… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

in the workplace and truly making sure that the constitution was enforced as written rather than there having to be a consistent patchwork of amendments and other changes to entrench the idea that all people are created equal. Indeed, it was clear that this was not the real belief of at least some people (and certainly the dominant people of that day) when it came to blacks and women, at the very least (PBS, 2016). Things that have gotten better over the years would be rights for minorities (African-Americans in particular), more proportional representation at colleges, more proportional representation… Continue Reading...

Exclusionary Rule in Terry Vs Ohio

by the Fourth (Harawa, 2013). Legalism is a slippery slope to authoritarianism. References Harawa, D. (2013). The Post-TSA Airport: A constitution Free Zone? Pepperdine Law Review, 41(1): 1-60. Maclin, T. (2014). Maryland v. King: Terry v. Ohio Redux. The Supreme Court Review, 2013(1): 359-404. Primus, E. (2011). Disentangling Administrative Searches. Columbia Law Review, 111: 254-312. Terry v. Ohio (1968). Decision. Findlaw. Retrieved from http://caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/392/1.html Continue Reading...

Impact Of Federalism on Privacy Rights

Federalism and Constitutional Debates One of the most significant and innovative ideas in the American constitution is federalism even though the word does not appear in it. This concept entails sharing of power between two different levels of government i.e. federal and state governments. Through this system of government, power from the central government is shared to state governments. While federalism has existed in the United States for centuries, there are numerous problems relating to the sharing of power between these different levels of government. These problems have generated constitutional debates on whether the concept has positive… Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs Of Justices

.....controversy of establishing a court system at the creation of the U.S. constitution centered on the power struggle between states and the creation of a federal, central government with its own court and ability to overrule state court decisions. The constitution pitted Federalists against Anti-Federalists. The former wanted a central government that acted as the top force over all the states; the latter wanted no central government -- because, after all, the Revolutionaries had just fought a war against a king -- why should they turn around and elect a new one?… Continue Reading...

Blood Of Tyrants George Washington and the Forging Of the Presidency

undertaken by George Washington as he spearheaded the distinct meaning of the United States constitution in the midst of the battle for independence. Blood of Tyrants delineates the manner in which the role of being President of the United States was fused and amalgamated with that of Commander in Chief, owing to the course of the American Revolution. In particular, subsequent to independence, when determining the role of America's first ever President, the public revered and had a high regard for the excellent leadership demonstrated by George Washington, who was a recognized and sure success. Washington was deemed to… Continue Reading...

Katz Vs United States

Katz petitioned to suppress the evidence presented against him, citing the constitution's Amendment IV. This motion was rejected. The appellate court discarded the argument regarding the proof's inadmissibility. However, the petitioner was granted certiorari. Issues The chief issue that surfaces in the Katz v United States case is with regard to whether the Constitutional Amendment IV provides protection for telephone conversations that are carried out in public phone booths and which are recorded in secret to serve as evidence in court, against an individual (Samaha, 2011). Arguments/Objectives of the Parties According to Katz, the phone booth that he used… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

Gender and sexuality are very important for activists, practitioners and policymakers. Gender and sexuality have a big significance in people's lives in today's society. Sexuality encompasses gender roles and identities, sex and sexual orientation, intimacy, reproduction, pleasure and eroticism. Its expression can be found in behaviors, thoughts, roles, relationships, values, attitudes, desires and fantasies. While all these expressions characterize sexuality, an individual may not express or experience all of them. Interactions between psychological, economic, cultural, legal, ethical, religious, spiritual and biological factors influence sexuality (Ilkkaracan & Jolly). The Link between Gender and Sexuality The Institute of Development Studies defines gender… Continue Reading...

Court Case Review in Re Winship

Winship was decided by the Burger Court in 1970, Docket number 778. The case involves a twelve-year-old boy, Samuel Winship, who was arrested for stealing $112 from a woman's locker. Section 744(b) of the New York Family Court Act provided that determination of a juvenile's guilt differs from an adult defendant, requiring only a "preponderance of evidence" and not evidence "beyond a reasonable doubt." Based on the "preponderance of evidence" clause, the Family Court initially found Winship guilty, "despite acknowledging that the evidence did not establish his guilt beyond a reasonable doubt," ("In Re Winship"). Winship appealed, and the appeal… Continue Reading...

Indians Influence Founding Fathers

Native American Influence on the constitution The event or issue discussed in this document is the influence of Native Americans on the U.S. constitution. There is a fairly lengthy history of research that contends that Native Americans actually played a considerable role in the founding of the U.S. constitution. Moreover, there is also evidence that supports that certain members of the founding fathers were directly impacted by Native Americans. In fact, there are specific Native American tribes and political representations of these tribes that are alleged to have contributed to… Continue Reading...

Police Vehicle Pursuits

for them, like it is the very last thing they will ever do. Although people admire the policemen's constitution, many people question the necessity of such pursuits (which are dangerous to other motorists and pedestrians) when the reason behind them is often a small traffic violation. In one state, at any rate, not even one in five pursuits is for felonies. Court cases springing from this police activity have grown in the past few years. Different states have widely different case laws, although a majority of state legislatures have ratified and implemented the UVC (Uniform Vehicle Code), applicable to… Continue Reading...

Public Health Law Case Study

role of the government in public health with respect to the constitution and also in a democratic manner. In particular, according to the constitution, the government has the power to safeguard public welfare. I am inclined to agree with the author's perspectives in the sense that public health takes on a special meaning and significance to political groups. This is largely because health is indeed essential not only to an individual but also to the community at large. The benefits derived from health for every individual cannot be disregarded (Gostin, 2000). 3. Health of Populations In this characteristic, the… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

of an intelligent society and a learning organization. Just as the constitution can be amended over time, so too can company policies. Drafting policies as practice helps to reveal the complexities and challenges involved in policy making in general. Diversity and multiple viewpoints also complicate effective policy making. Input from a variety of sources can help a policy be more universal and effective, and policy makers should always remain flexible and willing to revise. Week 3 -- Discussion 2 Private prisons should be abolished. Mistrust of them is not only instinctual, it is also evidence-based. Privatized prisons promote mass… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

2012). Issue: The issue was whether the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. constitution prohibits warrantless search since police officers did not actually obtain valid consent from an individual who legally had common authority over the residence. Arguments or Objectives of the Parties: Rodriguez argued that the warrantless search violated the Fourth Amendment since Fischer had no authority to consent to the entry because she had left the apartment and was no longer living there several weeks before the occurrence of the incident. Rodriguez's objective was to suppress evidence that was seized during the arrest and used as the basis of… Continue Reading...

Government’s Right to Spy

Government's Right To Spy And Command Our Life The Way They Do The 9/11 attack saw over 3,000 Americans murdered by terrorists. The government was faulted, but there was a consensus that the U.S. government needed to take stern action. There was panic that made the congress to give the government fresh surveillance authorities. However, it attached an expiration date to the authority so as to allow for further deliberations after the end of the emergency. Decades later, the law has been extended on a number of occasions, yet there has been no public discussion on how the law can… Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

movie, it does not address the genuine legal problems that surveillance and brainwashing raise. The Fourth Amendment to the constitution addresses surveillance by providing the right to privacy to all American citizens. The government is prohibited from unreasonable searches and seizures according to the Fourth Amendment, and that clause refers to searches and seizures of information, not just of property (Slobogin). There are many types of surveillance that the founding fathers would not have anticipated when the constitution was ratified. Of course, the most obvious type of surveillance that the founding fathers would not have anticipated is Internet and… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

right to remain silent was included in the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. constitution, it was tied to a complicated and controversial history. The Supreme Court has applied three tenets in the constitution to evolve rules that govern police interrogation and the confession process. These three include the Sixth Amendment on the Right to Counsel, the Fourteenth Amendment clause on due process and the Fifth Amendment on Self-incrimination clauses. Each of these provisions has led the police to handle interrogation and confessions in varying ways (Samaha, 2012). Although it is argued that the self-incrimination concept is rooted in Talmudic… Continue Reading...

Terry Vs Ohio

Terry v. Ohio case, providing information on the concerned parties, case facts, previous proceedings, arguments and issues, court decision and rationale for the decision. Parties Involved The People of the State of Ohio and John W. Terry Facts Martin Mcfadden, a law enforcement official, saw the complainant engaged in a long, serious conversation with a second man, on a quiet street corner whilst constantly pacing along the street and looking into one of the shops there, from time to time. They were subsequently approached by a third individual who conversed with them before leading them along the street. From the… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

state is not irreligious, but rather takes a view of religious neutrality. The first two articles of the Turkish constitution establish the republic as the form of government, and that "the Republic of Turkey is a democratic, secular and social state governed by rule of law..." (constitution of Turkey). The constitution has held secularism as state policy ever since. That Islam has sought to increase its power in Turkey is nothing new -- Reed (1954) wrote about this -- but today the country sits in conservative hands. Secularism is considered an important element of the identity of the Turkish… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and the Canadian Political System

important. One of the people who made significant contributions regarding oligarchy, democracy, and the middle constitution is Aristotle, a Greek philosopher who is considered as one of the most influential ancient intellectuals in philosophy and political theory. Aristotle's work in political theory was fueled by his travels and encounters of different political systems. This contributed to his focus on comparative politics, through which he advocated and critiqued the different political systems at that time. According to Aristotle, the defining feature of oligarchy is that sovereign power is in the hands of few individuals. In this kind of political system, the… Continue Reading...

Reporting Of Criminal Justice Issues and News

Ethics Policy for the Media in Handling the Reporting of Criminal Justice Issues and News American constitutional history speaks of balancing two or more rights against each other; in this particular context, the two rights requiring balancing are: society's right of knowing and press victims' privacy rights. One end has media reporters who seek free public data access together with complete discretion to publish whatever they desire, while the other has crime victims who are largely private citizens wishing to remain unseen but shoved unwillingly into the press's glare. A hodgepodge of multiple-level court rulings and state and federal legislation… Continue Reading...

Global Governance Human Security

.....pursuing graduate studies for professional and personal advancement. A graduate program for professional improvement will prime me for a profession in business, civil service, and nonprofit settings. The programs merge discipline-specific and complex coursework with competence such as critical thinking, multitasking/time management, and analytical thinking that are carried over even with change of profession. Moreover, completing a graduate degree signifies steadfastness, purpose, strength of mind and resilience, and individuals who possess these notable qualities are in great demand to fill innumerable positions. According to NYU (2015), my advancement within an organization lies in my ability to prove success in a… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

Immigration and the Muslim Population 9/11 changed the world -- especially in the U.S. in terms of Muslim-American relations and the way the word "terror" and "terrorist" is used to identify or refer to a group of people.[footnoteRef:1] The issue of Islamaphobia became more pronounced and anti-Muslim immigration policies began to be discussed as a matter of national security.[footnoteRef:2] As -- has shown, the media has been complicit in both demonizing the Muslim community in America and promoting a view of American immigration policy that is anti-Muslim.[footnoteRef:3] This paper will show that the changes in U.S. immigration policy post 9-11… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

as real and virtue as part of one's duty. Prince Shotoku Taishi (6th-7th century) made the 17 Article constitution for Japan. It was built on principles from both Confucianism and Buddhism. The Confucianism provided the ideals that Japanese should work to achieve -- such as the gentleman ideal -- and the Buddhism provided the ethical structure for the society. In this way, the Japanese set up their culture as a composite of two philosophical frameworks that governed that behaviors and social mores of the people for hundreds of years. Around one thousand years later, during the Tokugawa period in Japan,… Continue Reading...

How Supreme Court Justices Are Appointed

Clause 2 of the United States constitution outlines the process whereby the President of the United States is entrusted with the responsibility of selecting the Supreme Court Justices: "The President...shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States." Because unlike other public servants, Supreme Court Justices serve for life, their appointments need to be considered carefully. The general public cannot be trusted to make… Continue Reading...

Hobby Lobby and First Amendment

in a way that it does not cause harm. The freedom of speech is provided for in the constitution (Hartley, 1). President Trump will most likely choose a conservative for the position of the Supreme Court. As a result, the constitution will be interpreted based on the initial meaning that was intended by the initial team that created the constitution. In matters to do with The First Amendment, it is most likely that the conservative judge selected to fill the position will take a stand that protects all factors related to the First Amendment in the USA such as… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

its ratification, US society has universally acknowledged female voting rights. [1: William W. Hodes, "Women and the constitution" Rutgers L. Rev. 25 (1970): 26.] [2: Carol Lynn Yellin, "COUNTDOWN IN TENNESSEE" American Heritage 30, no. 1 (1978): 12.] The American constitution's Nineteenth Amendment accords an equal right to both males and females to vote. It asserts that the federal and state governments shall not curtail or deny citizens' voting rights based on gender[footnoteRef:3]. While Amendment XIV, ratified in 1868, did suggest such equality, a majority of states overlooked it and kept up with limiting or forbidding female suffrage[footnoteRef:4]. [3:… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Case

bringing cases to the US Supreme Court represented the sole jurisdictional issue the American constitution itself addressed. Article III ordains that it is only applicable to cases wherein the government is a party and that impact public ministers such as consuls and ambassadors. By broadening the original jurisdiction of the Court for incorporating Marbury v. Madison and similar cases, the Congress had gone above its authority. The Chief Justice claimed that when a Congressional decision contradicted the constitution, the Court was duty-bound to support the constitution as the 6th Article establishes that it is America's "supreme law." How this… Continue Reading...

How Democracy Leads to Tyranny

Political Philosophy II: Theories of Freedom To answer the questions of why De Tocqueville and Mill think that democracy is a threat to the liberty of the individual and whether they are right, this paper will show that both De Tocqueville and Mill viewed democracy as a mechanism that could easily become tyrannical and thus overwhelm one's individual liberty. Considering that democracy in its various forms (direct, representative, constitutional) is capable of being corrupted (voters and/or representatives may be bribed, coerced, misinformed, misled, subjugated, harassed, mobbed, and so on), it is not difficult to see that both Tocqueville and Mill… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

from violent inmates, correctional officers must acknowledge that inmates have rights and liberties protected by the constitution. They must also demonstrate equality when enforcing prison rules and regulations, administering sanctions, and carrying out any other duty required for the achievement of their organisation's overall goals and objectives. The importance of fairness in correctional work is particularly stressed by widespread racial discrimination in correctional facilities, with minority communities being the most affected (Carlson & Garrett, 2008). It is vital for correctional officers to respect not only the rights of inmates, but also their colleagues. How members of staff treat one… Continue Reading...

Katz V United States

at the very same time daily. The Supreme Court reaffirmed that the constitution demanded that objective judicial judgment stand between law enforcement officials and citizens. As searches carried out without proper judicial process can, as such, be deemed as unreasonable, the Court reversed the case. How it Will Influence Future Decisions of the Court Almost four decades later, the petitioner was able to find a more amenable audience at a high court. The 7-1 court majority reversed the Olmstead-period “trespass doctrine”. Justice Stewart wrote that Amendment IV defended citizens, not places; further, it wasn’t contingent on invading physical space… Continue Reading...

Enactment Of the 19th Amendment Xix

rights for black men. Stanton and other like-minded activists did not favor the proposed 15th U.S. constitution Amendment[footnoteRef:7]. The amendment, if effected, would grant black men the right to participate in voting but would not give the same rights to any American women; irrespective of their skin color. Antony and Stanton created the national Women Suffrage Association commonly known as NWSA in 1869. They focused on a federal amendment of the constitution that would allow American women to vote. The American Women Suffrage Association was formed by the famous abolitionists: Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell. The leaders were in… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

.....ethics cannot avoid claims to universal truths, political philosophy cannot avoid the efficacy of universalism. Relativism is too convenient a response to resolving conflicts of interest and divergent views of governance. However, an alternative to the universalism versus relativism debate lies in Rawl's concept of justice as being the fundamental tenet of a constitutional democracy. Rawls also bases his concept of justice and political philosophy on the underlying importance of consensus (Baier, 1989). Interestingly, consensus implies a utilitarian ethical framework, which Rawls (1985) claims to move away from: "as a practical political matter no general moral conception can provide a… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Offenders in St Louis

Missouri has seen a rise in African-America juveniles tried as adults. Statistics from 2009 state 64% of the juveniles tried as adults were of African-American descent. This is almost double of the amount in 2001 which was 36%. (Cooper) This brings to light an increase in racial disparity and the nature of prosecution in Missouri. Many of the cases of the African-American juvenile offenders certified as adults are prosecuted in St. Louis. "From 2001 to 2009, St. Louis certified 39% of the black juveniles prosecuted as adults statewide. St. Louis County accounted for 29%." (Cooper) One such case is Ledale… Continue Reading...

Apple Vs Federal Government

is integral. Indeed, the right to privacy is a right expressly protected by the constitution in the First Amendment. Amidst increased hacking concerns, the company created arguably the strongest encryption software to prevent access to data held in its devices through backdoor mechanisms -- the data can only be accessed using the user's master password. With its encryption techniques, it is impossible or extremely difficult for hackers and other cyber criminals to access private information held in Apple devices. This guarantees Apple customers absolute safety of their private information. Indeed, unlike most other mobile devices, the iPhone is now… Continue Reading...

President Trump's First Day

President Trump Trump had a busy first day as President, with inaugural parties, oath of office and "big league" activities he planned under his first day's agenda, which would set his Presidency's tone. New presidents usually establish high goals for day 1, often with mixed outcomes ensuing (Shaw, 2017). Obama pledged, at his Presidency's commencement, to close the Guantanamo Bay detention facility down. However, it still survives, although its internees have diminished greatly in number. Similarly, Trump's promises may differ from his end accomplishments. Amy Walter believes there was a consistent element in Trump's first day; his inaugural address corresponded… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

allowed to breach rules merely on account of law enforcement officials’ criminal procedural flaws (Mapp V Ohio – constitution). According to him, the exclusionary principle looms in Amendments IV as well as XIV and the state is required to stick to its own rules. A second concurring judge stated the ruling’s bases also include Amendment V. In his view, Amendment IV's protection against unwarranted search and confiscations wasn’t sufficiently obligatory as to refuse the utilization of unlawfully procured evidence from against an offender. But, together with Amendment V, which safeguards citizens against self-implication, this evidence’s utilization at trial is… Continue Reading...

The Victim Of Prejudice by Mary Hays

be demure and weak, Mary notes that she was "indebted for a robust constitution, a cultivated understanding, and a vigorous intellect," (p. 5). She does not flaunt her strengths for egotistic purposes but rather, to show how difficult it can be to achieve status in a society that is inherently prejudicial. She also does not apologize for being strong, as a woman of that era might have been expected to do. Mary realizes that it is not simply gender that creates artificial social hierarchies but also class, and I appreciate the way this novel frankly and honestly addresses the… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Second Amendment Case

of the District of Columbia Code violate the Second Amendment to the U.S. constitution. In essence, the question is this case is, "Do the provisions of District of Columbia Code violate the Second Amendment through restricting handguns licensure and requiring trigger-locks for firearms kept in the home? Rule: The rule of law here is that the Second Amendment to the U.S. constitution gives individuals the right to bear arms. The amendment protects against violation of this right on the basis that a well regulated is crucial towards ensuring the security of a free State. Conclusion: In a 5-4 decision,… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

disputed the certiorari denial clarifying why the present death sentence contradicts the American constitution. This clarification typically alludes to personal, logical, and ethical standpoints and not to Constitutional principle and text (Scalia - Fifth Amendment 'Clearly Permits the Death Penalty' - NYTimes.com). The latter instead of the former must offer control. Amendment V safeguards individuals from being held answerable for capital punishment unless on any Grand Jury charge or presentment or from being robbed of life without due legal process. This evidently allows the imposition of death sentence and undoubtedly affirms that it isn't an unusual or brutal punishment… Continue Reading...

The First Amendment and Texas Law

cross burning constitutes symbolic speech and the First Amendment in the constitution protects it. The reasoning of the majority argued that the freedom of speech protects some of the actions that are seen by the society as very offensive. However, the outrage of the society is not a justification to suppress the free speech. The majority argued that the Texas Law discriminated upon the viewpoint in that it allowed actions that were respectful of venerated objects that include the burning of a worn-out flag (Holzer, 649). In Virginia vs. Black, the court ruled that such a statute was unconstitutional… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

.....criminal justice system protects the public from criminals and criminal activity by investigating, catching, and thwarting crime. Although some countries have similar methods of punishing criminals and preventing crime, many countries have different methods and strategies. Norway has its own way of handling criminals and criminal investigations that often involves a decentralized police and investigative force. The United States operates via tiered system: federal, state, and local (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). England offers a tiered system as well, with most investigative efforts occurring in London. This essay will highlight the differences and similarities of the criminal justice system in… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

Drug Enforcement Administration, the Controlled Substances Act, and the War on Drugs all show that drug prohibition has been framed as a federal issue. Recent state-by-state legalization of cannabis (marijuana) has challenged and undermined the efficacy of federal drug laws and anti-drug policies. Almost half the states have now legalized marijuana for either medical or recreational use (Hill, 2015). The state-by-state legalization scheme creates legal and ethical conundrums. For example, Hill points out that federal anti-drug legislation prohibits legal marijuana businesses operating in states like Colorado to use national financial institutions for banking. Without access to the usual range of… Continue Reading...

Informal and Formal Powers Of the President

as powerful as laws, and this is built into the constitution. The power to create executive orders ends up being a form of de facto lawmaking. Lastly, the President also appoints a lot of people. These appointees will be judges, or head departments, and the choice of appointee can go a long way to promoting the President's agenda on domestic affairs. As an example, let's talk about Betsy DeVos. Now, this is a person who was appointed to head the Department of Education, but whose views on the privatization of education differ rather starkly from the majority of the… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

Clarendon Press.] [6: Hume, David. 1748. "David Hume: Of The Original Contract." constitution.Org. http://www.constitution.org/dh/origcont.htm.] [7: Hume, David. 2006. A Treatise Of Human Nature. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.] [8: Locke, John. 1993. Two Treatises Of Government. 1st ed. London: Everyman.] Argument for One Side As for what side makes more sense, it is perhaps reasonable on the past of Hume to suggest that no contract or "agreement" of the explicit sense is being made when people see what the government is doing yet they don't rise up, march the streets or otherwise engage in any sort of lawlessness or… Continue Reading...

Camden New Jersey and Corruption Exploitation

Camden, New Jersey is a city that symbolizes racial segregation and embodies the worst of American capitalism. In Camden, "poverty is a business," (Hedges and Sacco 88). George Norcross, aka "King George" -- is the de facto big man of Camden. Only, Norcross does not live in Camden, has no official elected position, and is white -- unlike the vast majority of Camden residents. Camden is not the typical white flight story, either. The history of Camden reveals potent trends in American urban geography, particularly the theme of how intersections between race, class, gender, and power entrench corruption in American… Continue Reading...

Homeopathy for Acute Vs. Chronic Conditions

Homeopathy for acute conditions is mainly focused on the symptoms being presented at that particular time. For chronic conditions homeopathy focuses on a larger set of symptoms and the characteristics of the person experiencing the symptoms. An acute condition is defined as a condition that comes on quickly and lasts for a short duration not more than several weeks. Acute conditions can be traced back to a situation. Chronic conditions are conditions that have persisted for long periods mostly throughout a person's life. The symptoms might be less severe than those of an acute condition, but they seriously affect an… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

from the black leaders, the law preventing intermarriage was nullified in the American constitution. [8: Anderson, Katie. Film as a reflection of society: interracial marriage] [9: Ibid Anderson Katie] The film titled "Selma" is the major film in the United States that reveals the civil rights combat of Martin Luther King. Typically, Selma is 2014 film that reveals the perspective of 1965 march of Martin Luther King. The film revealed the voting right movement of African-American, and the plot of the Selma film showed how four African-American girls were killed by the bomb because they attempted to register for… Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice in Gideon V Wainwright

Injustice in the Supreme Court Gideon v. Wainwright This was a case where Gideon was a defendant and was denied the right to have a counsel defending him because he was not charged with a capital offense. The Florida court argued that the court was only obliged to provide him with a counsel if he was charged with a capital offense. However, upon taking the case to the Supreme Court, it was determined that every citizen was entitled to a counsel who would defend him against prosecution. The argument is that justice cannot be achieved without providing the defendant with… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Justice

(Bruha, 2015). Indian prisons and prison administrations fall under the jurisdiction of state governments. The Indian constitution's Schedule VII (State List), Item IV addresses this area. State governments are solely in charge of prison administration and management, which is regulated by the 1894 Prisons Act as well as individual states' Prison manuals (Ali, 2014). Prisons in India also suffer from overcrowding. The average day of an inmate is tough. A majority of them remain waiting for word, and visits, from family members and lawyers. Indian prison healthcare facilities and the psychological assessment of inmates may be deemed as being at… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Church and State

are various aspects and activities that bring the church and the state together. The ceremonies, the constitution of any country will always have the considerations of the church in it. The petitions of the church are always keenly listened to by many states. There are nations that currently have declared Christianity as the official religion of the state, and the same applies to most Middle East and Arabic nations that have entrenched Islam as the official state religions. Globally, there are nations that use Christian referenced and reference to God in their official communications. There are procedures in state… Continue Reading...

American History During Early 20th Century

The progressive era in American political culture set the stage for President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal. Starting in the 1890s, the Progressive Era drew upon Marxist theory of labor exploitation to help balance unbridled capitalist growth during the Gilded Age of industrial development. Progressivism welcomed social and technological progress both by suggesting reforms in both government and business to reduce corruption and ensure a higher quality of life for all Americans. Two of the progressive political party movements during the turn of the century included the Populist Party and the Bull Moose Party. Progressive values then later became embedded in… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education,… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

.....biological well-being and the features of the environment and how these affect a person's behavior and criminal tendencies is made clear by biological theories. Research has proved that the common traits and actions seen in criminals like delusion, brutality, loneliness and spontaneity are a function of several biological features such as physical problems, blood glucose levels and eating habits, external head damage, mental function and makeup, heredity, body systems and impaired mental function. The supporters of this theory believe that the biological insight into conventional actions of criminal minds give more effective tools, mechanisms, beliefs and examples which can work… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

The US constitution is a supreme law guiding the conducts of government, people, and organizations in the United States. The U.S. constitution comprises of seven articles that delineates the form of government. However, before the constitution came into force in 1789, there were philosophical thinking that influenced the compilation of the American constitution. The objective of this essay is to discuss the philosophical influences on the U.S. constitution. John Locke was an English Philosopher and his thinking had the great impact on the American constitution. John Locke… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

national Prohibition that became effective via the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States constitution. The driving force behind the national banning of alcohol was the effects alcoholism brought on society. Many that proposed prohibition saw alcoholism as a reason for increased family violence, addition, and political corruption. Therefore, during the late 19th century and early 20th century, pockets of areas in the United States began enforcing alcohol prohibition. Those that supported it saw the act as a victory for public health and ethics. Nonetheless, what may have seemed like a huge victory for morality, turned into a dangerous means… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

what kind of government the United States would have. The Federalists wanted to ratify the constitution (which we have today) because it defined the ways in which states would be subject to a federal government and the ways in which they would be free to act on their own. The view of the Federalists was that the constitution would protect the states from "domestic factions and convulsions" and provide unity and cohesion (Federalist No. 6, n.d.). Indeed, Alexander Hamilton (the main author of the Federalist Papers which sought to promote ratification of the constitution) wrote: "America, if not connected… Continue Reading...

Globalization Culture and Politics in Asia

Hats and Globalization The hat stand in South Korea is visible in the picture "global" in a cultural sense because it is reflective of the cultural changes swirling all around the South Korean market. It sits, first of all, in front of a Western bakery shop -- a Dunkin' Donuts -- which is in and of itself an emblem of a foreign culture within the Asian culture of South Korea. The hat stand benefits from the sign hanging over the stand, like a cultural guardian angel, pointing to the hats to show how Western culture is available for sale to… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Impact

American citizens In 1803, Marbury v. Madison made the US constitution as the supreme law, affirming the authority of the Court over judicial review. The U.S. Supreme Court concluded that the federal courts are allowed to overturn the decisions of the other arms of government in the event that they act contrary to the constitution (GROSSMAN). This is one of those "checks and balances" that are the core of the national government's function. In 1800, Thomas Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, beat John Adams, a Federalist in becoming America's third president. Right before Adam's retirement, he introduced new positions in the judiciary,… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

Muslims in America The status of Muslims in America changed radically in the wake of 9/11 (Sheridan, 2006). A small population by percentage (American-Muslims are only 1% of the U.S. population) (Besheer, 2016), Muslims nonetheless received the vast bulk of negative attention and backlash following the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. As an ethnic group, Muslims were well-connected both domestically and internationally -- and many Muslims reached out to the U.S. government post-9/11 in an effort to work with federal agencies to help address the issues arising from the climate of terror (Mantri, 2011). Haddad (2001) writing… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

English philosopher. Analysing his political documents, which had a huge influence on those who produced the American constitution, they spoke in support of popular leadership, the freedom to fight back against oppression and the freedom of small religious groups to exist among others. From the reasoning of Locke as well as his several followers, the government's role is not the fostering of the spiritual salvation of the people but rather the serving of the citizens and the assurance of their lives, freedom and possessions with the guidance of a constitution (Liberalism, 2016). Three factors aid the understanding of the… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

even the state, as it is assured in the constitution. One of the key civil rights discussed and debated in the United States in the present day encompasses the rights of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer or questioning community (LGBTQ) (Newton, 2014). Describe the observed political event in detail, including the environment and people involved The event I attended was a political protest that covered the annual gay rights march. In particular, the parade was in search of shedding some light on the gay rights. The individuals that participated in the parade included men, women and teens of… Continue Reading...

Civil Liberties

an aspect that should not be allowed to take place because the constitution of America insists on the civil liberties of every person in the nation regardless of race, gender, nationality and age (Craven, 2016). Aspects Notes There are aspects of the event that brought questions in mind in the course of the observation. One of the key questions is whether the jury made a just decision. The outcry made in the speech is that Castile was killed at a police stop without having made anything wrong and that the State of Minnesota failed to grant justice on his… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

do YOU value most? I consider Amendment I the most crucial aspect of the constitution's Bill of Rights. WHY? Amendment I safeguards the five most fundamental freedoms: speech, religion, assembly, press and the right of petitioning governmental bodies for righting any wrongs. The above safeguards were missed most by Antifederalists within the novel constitution (Feinberg, 1987). Is our justice system better or worse than other systems around the world today? Accessible reports and scholarly works reveal that the American justice system is neither the most effective nor the most unsuccessful justice system of all. Some nations (e.g., Scandinavian nations) enjoy… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Judicial Philosophy, Social Security, and Political Realism in the U.s.

the court determined that gay marriage is protected by the constitution based on the Fourteenth Amendment. In this case, the Supreme Court limited the exercise of its own power on the premise that the constitution does not provide an explicit right to marriage, but gay marriage is a fundamental right in the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection rights (Michaelson, 2015). Social Security Social Security is a trust fund that contains monetary reserves for survivors, the elderly, retirees and disability insurance programs (Fox Business, 2016). This trust fund has continued to play a crucial role in promoting the well-being of survivors,… Continue Reading...

Why the Constitution Never Should Have Been Ratified

Federalists, Anti-Federalists and the constitution The ratification of the US constitution was an issue that essentially divided the thirteen colonies in two: on the one hand was the push by the Federalists for ratification. Their argument was that the thirteen colonies needed a centralized, federal government to ensure that the colonies themselves did not get into any trouble (either through in-fighting or through foreign wars). The Anti-Federalists, on the other hand, saw the constitution as a gateway to the exact type of authoritarianism that the Revolutionaries had just opposed… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Social Justice Issues Today

Representative X: As healthcare legislation continues to be debated in the House and Senate, I would like to express my support for the continuation of one, significant policy that was instituted under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), namely the idea that young people under the age of 26 should be permitted to remain on their family's health insurance policies. The current generation of young people is graduating with more college debt than ever before and many new graduates are forced to take jobs that do not offer full benefits. The rise of freelance employment also means that many young persons… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

The knowledge of the evolution and starting point of the field of Victimology is of utmost worth. Three different ancient epochs describing the Victims' position inside methods of justice were reviewed by some foremost Researchers including Moriarty and Jerin. The Epochs are the Golden Age, the Reemergence of the Victim and the Dark Age. There is a proposition that the Golden Age has been before the time when laws were documented and governments founded and when ethnic law was in power. In most of the ethnic law, victims' position in defining the penalty for the criminal dealings that another person… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

Survival of Racist Customs and Mores Into the 21st Century: Analysis of the American Correction and Sentencing Trends Increasing awareness of the US's unsuccessful mass imprisonment experimentation has effected federal and state level modifications aimed at decreasing the nation's detention scale. Experts and policymakers have been suggesting "smart on crime" public safety strategies which support alternatives to imprisonment and decrease re-offense chances[footnoteRef:1]. Despite simultaneous fruitful bipartite dialogues on the subject of decreasing jail populations and bringing improvements to crime justice policies, the nation still struggles with disturbing racial frictions. The latest concern concentrates on frequent reports of law enforcement violence… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act and Marijuana

This school also believes that the main reason why the constitution clearly specifies national bodies is in order to give Congress the power to arbitrate joint problems faced by the states. I will call this school of thought collective action federalism, based on write-ups by Neil Siegel and Robert Cooter (Moncrieff, 2012). Health insurance packages specific to individual states make up the second biggest tenet of the ACA’s coverage enlargement. People living on incomes which are 138 to 400 percent poverty inclined are free by the law to buy special national reduced insurance via these packages. These ACA establishments… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

Introduction The United States has leased 45 square miles of land and water at Guantanamo Bay from Cuba for more than a century. Commonly known as “Gitmo,” the U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay has been the source of increasing calls for its closure as no longer necessary or appropriate in the 21st century. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature concerning Guantanamo Bay to provide the background of the issue and an analysis of this issue to determine whether the U.S. interests in Guantanamo Bay justify its continued operations. A summary of the research and important… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

Intelligence Surveillance Act or the Fourth Amendment to the constitution” (p. 901). Certainly, whenever the U.S. government operates outside the purview of the public’s awareness, there is going to be suspicion and concern, but Yoo (2014) maintains that the U.S. government was absolutely correct in going after Snowden for his unauthorized disclosures of classified information  In this regard, Yoo emphasizes that, “Concerns about the proper balance between these surveillance programs and individual privacy may be appropriate, but these programs properly fall within the province of Congress and the President to set future national security policy” (2014, p. 901). Furthermore,… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Plato on Aquinas’s View Of the Soul

particular temperature only if it is grounded in their chemical constitution. Thus, Scotus maintains that souls are individual forms and not mere universals. Claiming that souls can survive in separation from the body should be substantiated with what constitutes of this soul and that of the initial person. [8: Turner, Nevitt, \"Survivalism, Corruptionism, and Intermittent Existence in Aquinas,\" History of Philosophy Quarterly 31, no. 1 (2014): 4.] Plato maintains that it is difficult to analyze what makes this chunk of matter different from the initial one[footnoteRef:9]. Socrates is indistinguishable with Socrates’ soul, unlike Plato who considers them as separate. Essentially, Socrates… Continue Reading...

Religious Revolution

Origins of the French Revolution: From Calvin to the Civil constitution, 1560-1791 by Dale K. Van Kley, published by Yale University Press in 1996, and Wayward Monks and the Religious Revolution of the Eleventh Century by Phyllis G. Jestice, published by Brill in 1997. Both books were helpful in increasing my sense of the background of religious revolution and how it can impact so much of society in various ways. Another useful scholarly journal article that I found was “Better Papist than Calvinist: Art and Identity in Later Lutheran Germany” by Bridget Heal in German History, volume 29, issue… Continue Reading...

U.s. Presidents 1789 to 1840

unique transformations in the federal voting process, changes that would thereafter remain entrenched in the constitution. In the election of 1796, Jefferson became Vice President of the United States not because he was John Adams’s running mate, but because he received the second highest number of votes (“Thomas Jefferson” 1). In face, Jefferson and Adams were political opponents, the latter siding more with the federalists and Jefferson with the anti-federalists. The proportional method of selecting presidents would change after the election of 1800, when Jefferson again ran against John Adams. This time, Jefferson and fellow anti-federalist Aaron Burr tied… Continue Reading...

Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, As Founding Fathers

the important first drafts of both the Declaration of Independence and the constitution of the United States. On the other hand, Alexander Hamilton and George Washington fought side by side during the Revolutionary War. Hamilton, however, also contributed to the creation of the nation’s most important documents and political philosophies. All three of these founding fathers, Washington, Franklin, and Hamilton acted on their passionate beliefs in a strong central government. Hamilton is known most of all for his Federalist Papers, a collection of documents co-authored by John Jay and James Madison, that extolled the virtues of creating and maintaining… Continue Reading...

The Right to Privacy

In particular, privacy is a manifestation of the civil liberties which all citizens are assured of in the U.S. constitution. The preamble to the constitution states this fact. The preamble reveals the constitution was created in part to “secure the Blessings of Liberty” (Founding Fathers). The blessings of liberty quickly become a curse if there is no privacy. If people were able to see and become cognizant of everything everyone did, then people are not necessarily free or experiencing a state of liberty. Privacy, therefore, is implicit to liberty, which is why the constitutional defense of this concept provides… Continue Reading...

Kant’s Notion Of ‘perpetual Peace’ in Managing Peace

My Attitude and Perspectives towards War My attitudes on dealing with the upcoming worldly events and war change especially with the reports and research conducted on the issue of democracy. The antecedents towards war attitudes may include national identification and authoritarian ideological beliefs, and the consequences of war would include the intention to engage in pro-war behaviors. The different approaches to the major issues have given rise to arguments that incline people into believing that war is not the ultimate solution. Attitudes to war would be positively related to nonegalitarian ideologies and beliefs but less of personal distress. I support… Continue Reading...

Effective Classroom Management Techniques

The proposed classroom management technique seeks to foster democracy because a culture of responsibility and freedom is promoted in the learning environment. As a teacher, I have comfortably adapted to using this model because it gives my students equal opportunities of interacting and responding to classroom issues. In the end, I can satisfy the needs of the majority. Since the environment is safe, their constitutional rights are guaranteed and rules applied are fair to all students. In such a classroom, all students are given equal opportunities especially in the formulation of programs and policies. Moreover, all students will be involved… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

Define the Problem The defined and existing problem is going to vary in scope and definition depending on who is doing the defining. However, there are some clear and obvious problems with the “three strikes” law. The policy itself was meant to address a problem. However, that policy has created a new set of problems. Indeed, there are situations where three-time violent felons are justifiably put away for twenty-five years to life. However, the major problem with the policy are the human and budgetary costs that are created by people being thrown in jail for life for minor offenses (“Ewing… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

perennial violation of appropriate policing standards in a manner that could be considered to be contemptuous to the U.S. constitution or any other applicable law. Failure to address the numerous public complaints that have been leveled against the police department of this particular city could lead to the establishment of consent decrees against our police department by the Department of Justice. In an attempt to improve the relations between the police department and the citizens of this great city, I will be seeking to initiate far-reaching changes in a variety of areas including, but not limited to training and… Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

stop-gap measures will prevent such influence and ensure objectivity in the process of appointing judges. The American constitution has provided recourse for a judge who violates the constitution and the rule of law. For instance, a person who fails to obtain justice from a court of law has the right to seek redress at the Court of Appeal and ultimately at the Supreme Court. This systematic system enables one to seek equality when he or she feels that the lower court has violated the provisions of the constitution and the existing law (Sharpe, 2010). Secondly, judges who violate the provisions… Continue Reading...

Political Systems in Ireland and Britain

albeit with important tweaks. One tweak has been the evolution of the Irish constitution. The current Irish constitution (Bunreacht na hÉireann/The 1937 constitution of Eire) dates from 1937. In contrast, the United Kingdom has actually never had a singular document it would call a constitution. Instead of a formal constitution outlining the systems, branches, forms, functions, and limitations of government, Britain relies on its system of common law, and the traditions that have long been embedded in the society. While the British system seems tenuous, even dangerous, its flexibility and its pragmatism have proven it effective for nearly a… Continue Reading...

Unreasonable Searches and Seizures Article Reviews

Criminal Investigation: Article Reviews Eligon, J. (2011). Police sergeant to get jail term for perjury and illegal searches. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/28/nyregion/nyc-police- sergeant-admits-illegal-searches-and-perjury.html This article highlights the problem of officers conducting illegal searches when they strongly suspect a suspect is guilty, even though they have no legally valid form of probable cause or a warrant to conduct such a search. These types of egregious actions are a source of mistrust and friction between members of the police force and the public. The officer’s lawyer, in an appeal for clemency, stated that the offending officer never arrested anyone… Continue Reading...

Self Defense Laws and Castle Doctrine

and right, ensconced in the Second Amendment of the constitution. Because of Second Amendment assurances, all Americans technically have the right to bear arms in self-defense. Some states have attempted to restrict Second Amendment rights, but the vast majority of states have implemented “some statutory version” of the Castle Doctrine (“What is the Castle Doctrine,” n.d.). In fact, some states like Florida have taken the Castle Doctrine a step further to invoke what are commonly called “stand your ground laws.” Whereas the Castle Doctrine only applies to a person’s “castle,” or home and private property, stand your ground laws… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

can be done to stop this insane violence. When the Founding Fathers wrote the U.S. constitution and decided to add an enumerated a list of fundament rights for all Americans, they included the Second Amendment to guarantee that citizens could own firearms – but they also recognized the need for substantive restrictions on this right. Nevertheless, gun control opponents draw on the Second Amendment to the U.S. constitution to support their inalienable right to own guns noting that it specifically stipulates that “… the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed,” but they… Continue Reading...

Political Science

make sense that the states honor what is demanded by the federal government since the constitution would seemingly support that. On the other hand, the government is seemingly picking winners and losers when it comes to what is enforced and that pattern seems to vary depending on who is in power. It would seem to make more sense to update the laws so as to make it clear what all states should follow and/or to make a rule that defers to the preference of the given states (Bolitho, 2015). Conclusion Politics is a very odd and sad thing at… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

Not many things in recent history have brought as much controversy as the Trump Administration travel ban. Some have seen this ban as unfair and demonstrating the ugly side of the United States and its Government. There are reasons for this. The travel ban is cruel and inhumane, the Government should not support a travel ban because no one should be profiled due to race or religion, travel is a human right, and the U.S. is a safe place for refugees. The travel ban provides much cause for concern because of the potential legality of such an extreme measure. Half… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Using Bilingual Call Compared to Family Interpreters Research Paper

Introduction Elderly Hispanic between the ages of 50 to 75 is only eloquent in their native language. They are referred to as Limited English proficient (LEP) patients. As a result, they are disenfranchised due to the language barrier which often necessitates for an interpreter. In urgent medical cases, ad hoc interpreters who are often family members act as interpreters between the patient and the physician. However, the NSW policy stipulates a standard procedure where professionals such as bilingual calls are invited to offer interpretive services under such circumstances. The inherent challenge limits the LEP patient’s receipt of primary and preventative… Continue Reading...

Physician Assisted Suicide and Ethics

U.S., the Supreme Court ruled in Washington v. Glucksberg (1997) that physician-assisted suicide is not protected by the constitution. However, in other parts of the world, physician-assisted suicide is accepted socially and legally; and in the U.S., a patient who is terminally ill may engage in assisted-dying procedures, which are legal in six states and are legally differentiated from suicide (Buiting, Dieden et al., 2009). If one sets aside the legalistic parameters differentiating physician-assisted dying from physician-assisted suicide, can one say that the former is more ethical than the latter? In other words, is physician-assisted suicide ethical if the… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

authority or hierarchy. This concept supported the vision of the Framers of the constitution as they developed the Bill of Rights and the early Amendments, which focused in particularly on protecting the rights of the new citizens of the American Republic from tyrannical abuses committed by the State. In this sense, the Framers of the constitution were attempting to devise a safeguard should social justice and criminal justice ever become disharmonious in the U.S. These rights designed, in other words, to prevent unfairness and inequitableness from creeping into the system of law and order. Over time, these rights have… Continue Reading...

Texas Constitution

The Texas constitution: An Examination and Discussion On the most fundamental level, a constitution is a plan or contract between the government and the people governed. A constitution details the agreed-upon powers, responsibilities and limitations upon all involved parties, while asserting the proper procedure for action. The constitution is the foundation for all basic laws upon which the legal system rests. In the history of the existence of the state of Texas, seven separate constitutions have been drafted and approved, with the last one receiving approval… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

Introduction The penning of the American constitution during the 1787 Philadelphia convention was followed by its ratification. This formal process delineated within Article 7 necessitated at least 9 states’ agreement to implement the constitution, prior to actually enacting it (Pole, 1987). Whilst the Federalists supported ratification, Anti-Federalists were against it. Those opposed to the constitution’s ratification claimed that it accorded disproportionate power to federal authorities, whilst robbing local and state bodies of their power, excessively. According to Anti-Federalists, the American federal government wouldn’t be able to adequately represent its citizens owing to the size of the nation and… Continue Reading...

Donald Trump 2018 Political Issues

The two articles I read talk about Donald Trump’s alleged incompetence. In essence, the articles paint the picture of a president who does not have a clue regarding the running of state affairs. As a matter of fact, one particular article, by Eric Posner, goes ahead to predict that Trump will most likely be removed from office on account of political incompetence before his term ends. Another author, Ezra Klein, is of the opinion that, in essence, Donald Trump is an authoritarian leader, but “his authoritarian instincts have been checked by his incompetence.” All in all, the five authors seem… Continue Reading...

The New Nation Jackson and Beyond

the colonies, had no executive authority. Eventually, the current US constitution established a new and more successful order over the colonies but there was still resistance to the notion that federal authority outweighed state authority. Meanwhile, class tensions proved to be a challenge for the emerging police system. Without clear and established previous authority, exercising governance over a people who were accustomed to a relatively loose and informal criminal justice system was difficult. The new nation was much larger and more spread out than had been the case in European nations upon which America modeled its new system of… Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

Yet federal courts recently ruled that Rowan County’s practices violated the First Amendment of the constitution, particularly the Establishment Clause. The Establishment Clause states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” (“Introduction to the Establishment Clause,” (n.d.). Even a cursory reading of the Establishment Clause shows that prohibiting commissioners from praying during the public meetings violates the First Amendment by “prohibiting the free exercise” of religion. Therefore, when the Supreme Court finally makes its deliberations in Rowan County v. Lund, it should rule in favor of Rowan County. The Rowan… Continue Reading...

Theology Of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish

Community in History. New York: Continuum International. His Holiness Pope Paul VI (1984). Lumen Gentium Dogmatic constitution of the Church. https://adoremus.org/1964/11/21/lumen-gentium/ “History of Ecclesiology,” (n.d.). http://www.joshua-club.com/club/PDF/eccl/01eccl.pdf International Theological Commission (1984). Select themes of ecclesiology on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the closing of the Second Vatican Council. http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/cfaith/cti_documents/rc_cti_1984_ecclesiologia_en.html Lennan, R. (2007). Communion ecclesiology. Pacifica: Australasian Theological Studies 20(1): 24-39. MacDougall, S. (2015). More Than Communion. New York: Bloomsbury. Murray, P.D. (2013). The unfinished business of communion ecclesiology. National Catholic Reporter. 12 Mar, 2013. https://www.ncronline.org/news/vatican/unfinished-business-communion-ecclesiology Ormerod, N. (2014). Re-visioning the church. Fortress. Riches, J. (2016). Contemporary ecclesiology. The Expository… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

that teachers should be armed (Rucker). Others view gun ownership as an unalienable right protected by the constitution (Peck). And while guns themselves receive a lot of attention after such incidents, they are not the only factor. Family life, drug usage, and even other elements—such as the inability of federal and local law enforcement agents to act on tips to prevent a situation from worsening (Benner, Mazzei, Goldman; Brown). The fact of the matter is that there are many variables and factors involved in every school shooting, and no two cases are alike—so establishing a plan to prevent them… Continue Reading...

Legal Precedent Constitution Religion and Education

on the books longer than they should because the will of the people is sometimes misguided. Discussion Post 2 Stephen Kitoo The constitution is clear in the Establishment Clause, which undergirds so much of the debate regarding the role religion plays in school. Private schools have freedom to impart religion and religious values, but public schools are not because public schools are considered a public—meaning taxpayer-funded—service. Public schools are therefore governed by the Establishment Clause. On this matter, the courts have remained fairly constant, although there are some cases that demonstrate the different ways the Establishment Clause may be interpreted (or misinterpreted,… Continue Reading...

Women in 20th Century Canadian Society

1929, the judicial committee ruled that Canadian women were indeed persons under section 24 of the constitution, which meant that a woman could be appointed as senator. [9: Heather MacIvor, Women and politics in Canada. (Orchard Park, Broadview Press, 1996) p. 75-79.] These sources show how some women, specifically Emily Murphy and the Famous Five, responded to the social constraints of women in politics and in law.  These particular letters show that Emily Murphy and the Famous Five were against the fact that the Canadian government did not recognize a woman as a “person.” This group of five women… Continue Reading...

National Anthem Protest Essay

that the teams worked together to keep him unemployed. Titles Patriotism and Protest False Patriotism: How Forced Nationalism Undermines the constitution Police Brutality and African Americans: How the NFL Protests Are Bringing Light to a Serious Social Issue Does Protest Equal Disrespect?  Are Some Acts of Protest Inherently Disrespectful? Related Topics White Supremacist Rallies in Virginia- Many people have compared the general lack of outrage to white supremacists marching in Virginia with the seething anger and resentment over these protests.  You could compare and contrast the two issues to determine whether the comparisons are fair, or you could use that idea to… Continue Reading...

Immigration Essay

American Revolution heralded the birth of the United States constitution and the country it formed thereafter. It also brought changes in immigration patterns that would represent the growing changes of each era in the United States. These eras began with ethnic diversity, then halted, and began again, showing the differences in policy with each change. Immigration Patterns Before the American Revolution, the North American colonies experienced a great diversity of immigrants. “…and a number of those communities- German, Dutch, Swedish, Irish Protestants, and the other British, along with the extensive population of Africans- set the stage for the accommodation… Continue Reading...

Obamacare Essay

Titles: The Affordable Care Act: Can It Be Fixed? The Future of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act The Pros and Cons of Obamacare The Effects of Obamacare on American Small Businesses Topics: What are the main arguments for and against Obamacare? How much should Americans pay for healthcare insurance? Why do Americans pay more for their healthcare than consumers in some other countries? Is Obamacare’s individual mandate unconstitutional? Outline: I.  Abstract II.  Introduction III.  Body      A.  Background and Overview      B.  Pros of Obamacare / Advantages      C.  Cons of Obamacare / Disadvantages IV.… Continue Reading...

2016 Presidential Election Essay

the Founding Fathers wrote Article II of the U.S. constitution which stipulates that the president will be elected every 4 years, they also included specific criteria for eligibility including being born in the United States and being a minimum age of 35 years old. The Founders, though, likely did not foresee the day when the major candidates for the U.S. presidency were charged with so much political and psychological baggage or they might have reconsidered their eligibility requirements. The Democratic nominee, former Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, faces a wide array of charges concerning her mishandling of thousands… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Essay

searches, police find nothing. Likewise, excessive force by police persists despite constitution’s prohibition on unreasonable searches/seizures” (Natarajan, 2014). Not only is it a wasteful action, leading to potential problems with the public and unnecessary arrests, it perpetuates the fear culture brought on by police officers and their, at times, unfair treatment of people of color. Many accounts exist that highlight the use of such a program to lead to arrests of people that otherwise would not face legal consequences. A simple act of walking away could be seen as combative and police may charge the person with ‘unlawful conduct’ “Racial… Continue Reading...

Robert Mueller Investigation Essay

In this essay about special prosecutor Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election, we provide an overview of the information available at the time of publication about that investigation.  The essay will explain who Robert Mueller is; what the investigation is trying to find; and why the investigation was instigated.  In addition, the essay will discuss the latest news, as of May 21, 2018, about the investigation.  In addition to discussing the Mueller investigation, the essay will provide you with a technical guide for writing academic essays.  In addition to being formatted in an appropriate academic… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

was a “fundamental right” supported and protected by the United States constitution (Faux, 2001). Some of the reasons behind this decision were that the justices concurred that the constitution protected particular arenas of privacy for the individual, and that the decision to terminate a pregnancy did exist within a woman’s zone of privacy. Another point in favor of the abortion rights of women is that reproductive choice allows women not only control of their physical bodies, but also their destinies. One of the major reasons that women get abortions is because they don’t have the time, money or resources… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

Dessalines, the Haitian revolution had an inspirational author of its own declaration of independence and constitution, based on the principles of universal human rights. The “Liberty or Death” proclamation was similar to its French predecessor, paradoxically invoking the former colonizers’ own language to assert Haitian independence. With the “liberty or death” proclamation, Dessalines simply wanted to extend the same human rights deemed universal under French law to its colonies. Racism and classism, plus economic and political expediencies, caused French dominant culture to scoff at the attempt of its colonies to share in the democratic distribution of power and revolutionary… Continue Reading...

Literary Analysis Of Speech "we're on Our Way" Essay

rights deprivation remain problems in spite of all the laws and legislation preventing discrimination. No matter what the constitution says, and many decades after passing the fifteenth amendment, institutionalized racism remains real and was so even more poignantly during the days of Jim Crow. Fannie Lou Hamer spoke out against racism in America on the cusp of the Civil Rights movement, at a critical moment in American history. Delivered to a community meeting in 1964, Hamer’s speech “We’re On Our Way” motivates her audience to take action and demand all rights and freedoms rather than passively accept oppression. One… Continue Reading...

Miranda Vs. Arizona Case Brief Essay

should notify arrested defendants of their constitutional rights against self-incrimination under the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. constitution before interrogation. Arguments or Objectives of the Parties: The defense counsel representing Ernesto Miranda objected the admission of the written confession into evidence on the basis that Miranda was not notified of his constitutional rights under the Fifth Amendment. This argument was based on the fact that police officers admitted that they did not advice Miranda of his right to an attorney and read out his right to voluntary confession prior to obtaining an oral confession from him.  Therefore, the objective… Continue Reading...

Freedom and Bondage Essay

cold facts of slavery and bondage in the U.S.? The U.S. constitution is a document that fully embraces freedom. The word “slave” does not appear in the U.S. constitution, nor does “slavery.” The Framers of the constitution “acknowledged that [blacks] were persons” (Jensen, 2008). However, there have been misunderstandings with reference to Article 1, Section 2, Clause 3 – the “Three-fifths Clause.” That clause was used by people who approved of slavery to suggest Africans / slaves were not “full persons” – but rather they were thought to be only 3/5ths of the value of white Americans. Slave owners who… Continue Reading...

How to Become a U.s. Citizen Essay

the author was unsure or “fuzzy” on is when the constitution was written, the author of the Federalist papers and things like that. The author knows much of the debate and details of that debate but was just a little fuzzy on the names and dates involved when it came to some of those subjects. The federalist question was probably the hardest. It is absolutely fair that people trying to become citizens to know the answers these questions. The problem is that many United States citizens are woefully unprepared and unknowledgeable when it comes to government and civics. In… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

burglary, robbery, rape, horse-stealing, slave rebellion, and often counterfeiting” (Reggio 2014). The US constitution expressly forbids cruel and unusual punishments under the Eighth Amendment of the Bill of Rights. The question of whether the death penalty is cruel and unusual has been hotly debated. It may come as a surprise that as early as the mid-nineteenth century there was a robust movement to abolish the death penalty and many states elected to do so. In 1846, Michigan abolished the death penalty, followed by Rhode Island in 1852 (Reggio 2014). The abolitionist movement was extremely influential in supporting the abolishment… Continue Reading...

Gun Control Essay

world. Gun ownership is a right sanctioned by the American constitution under the Second Amendment. With the U.S. population coming in at 5% of the total word population, the high number of gun ownership seems unreal. (Lott) People who support gun ownership in the United States suggest guns provide them safety. Those who support gun control say gun violence is at an all-time high thanks to legal gun ownership. Thesis Statement This essay will highlight the pros and cons of gun control by examining what constitutes gun control in America and other countries, and what reasons people support or are… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

Potential Topics: The Impact of the Pro-Life Movement on Abortion Rates The Impact of the Pro-Choice Movement on Abortion Rates The Future of Roe v. Wade When Does Life Begin? Titles: [1] A Comparison of Abortion Practices in Different Countries and the United States The Current Status of the Abortion Debate in the United States How Will the Trump Administration’s Stance on Planned Parenthood Affect Abortion Rates in the U.S.? How the Pro-Life and Pro-Choice Movements have Affected Americans Public Opinion about Abortion [2] Outline: I.  Introduction II.  The Pro-Life Movement III.  The Pro-Choice Movement IV.  Conclusion Abstract: Despite becoming… Continue Reading...

Federal Versus State Courts Authority

Federal and State Court Authority The federal court system was founded by the United States constitution and derives its authority from that document. The establishment of the federal court system is specifically derived from Article II which created the institution of the Supreme Court, the highest law in the land, and also permitted Congress to establish a system of lower courts. At present, there are 94 district level trial courts and 13 courts of appeal (“Court Role,” 2018). The state courts derive their power from the state constitutions directly, although state authority does not supersede… Continue Reading...

Universal Healthcare

and equity. Therefore, programs like Obamacare that promote universal healthcare are essential for upholding the premises of the constitution. Obamacare was in some ways a stepping-stone from the completely privatized healthcare insurance system that prevails towards a universal healthcare model like those practiced in many other countries with high degrees of success. Healthcare, like education, needs to be framed more like a universal human right than as a privilege, and covered under the auspices of government spending. There are also pragmatic reasons why universal healthcare makes sense for the American economy. According to the World Health Organization, countries that… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

or ethnicity, to expect a justice system that is unbiased, as dictated by our constitution. As a result, “We do not employ a private police force that is paid based on the number of arrests they make. We do not employ private prosecutors who are paid based on the number of convictions obtained.  We do not pay judges based on the amount of fines they collect” (Dacey, 2017). This is because incentivizing such actions would clearly create a disruption of justice by motivating the darker inclinations of human behavior, such as greed to motivate arrests. Rather than administering justice,… Continue Reading...

Court System

diverse constituencies for different official terms. But the President alone holds executive power (Jean Monnet Center). The American constitution has very prudently divided the executive, judicial and legislative power in the nation and instituted three distinct governmental branches: The ‘Congress’ is tasked with enacting laws enforced by the ‘President’ and reviewed by the nation’s ‘court system’. But accumulation of these powers within the “same hands” might, as cautioned by James Madison within Federalist Paper No. 47, lead the government to be justly considered a tyrannous administration (Blackman, 2017). How does a new legal interpretation resulting from a court’s decision on… Continue Reading...

Negotiating Peace in the Middle East

(2018). White helmets staged Douma attack. Retrieved from http://tass.com/defense/999108 Wintour, P. (2018). Russia-backed Syrian peace talks agree deal on new constitution. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jan/31/russia-backed-syrian-peace-talks-deal-constitution-un Continue Reading...

Shakespeare in Love Gender Communication

of the original performance of Romeo and Juliet as well. References Butler, J. (1988). Performative acts and gender constitution: An essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre Journal, 40 (4): 519-531. Retrieved from: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0192- 2882%28198812%2940%3A4%3C519%3APAAGCA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-C Charles, C. (1998). Was Shakespeare gay? Sonnet 20 and the politics of pedagogy. College Literature, 25 (3), 35-51. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25112402 Cunningham, C. (1984). Wonder and love in the romantic comedies. Shakespeare Quarterly, 35 (3): 262-266. Retrieved from: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0037-3222%28198423%2935%3A3%3C262%3AWALITR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-B Artifact: Shakespeare in Love https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqRccjKub2A   Continue Reading...

Argument in Favor Of the Life in Prison over Execution

often enough to render the death penalty unreasonable. Moreover, the Eighth Amendment to the constitution forbids the use of “cruel and unusual punishment.” While state-sanctioned executions are not unusual and are no less cruel than a prison sentence, capital punishment has a permanency that is both cruel and unusual. If evidence were to surface that exonerated the individual, there is no possibility of overturning a death sentence. The family of the wrongfully accused would suffer tremendously, and the general public would lose faith in the efficacy of a system that would kill the innocent. Another reason why life in… Continue Reading...

Mount Rushmore

Mount Rushmore Q1. What is your chosen topic? I will give a profile of the famous American tourist attraction of Mount Rushmore, which depicts the faces of a number of eminent presidents embedded in its rock. Q2. What personal angle can you present on this topic? The question of how we memorialize presidents has been placed under scrutiny. Mt. Rushmore in particular has courted controversy because it was constructed on what was Indian land and specifically to increase tourism by car to South Dakota. According to The Economist, “A treaty in 1868 made the hills, which contain sites sacred to… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

East countries. It is important to mention that the country is governed by a strict theocratic constitution and over the years, starting from the 1979 revolution, women have been in the forefront in confronting and questioning the heavy restrictions imposed. The role of Iranian women ion education has been of great interest since being an Islamic Republic women are legally prohibited from pursuing education in certain fields. Though of late there has been the trend of attempting to provide education to women, the segregation still does not give a fail and equal chances of access and utility of educational… Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

 Although the United States spends more on education than many other countries, the nation has failed to achieve the same positive outcomes than have been accomplished elsewhere, even in countries where per student spending is far less. Because education is widely regarded as the key to personal and professional success, it is important to identify current problems and potential opportunities for improvement in the nation’s approach to educational funding and delivery. Moreover, the arcane manner in which public schools are funded in different parts of the country, indeed within each state, combined with changing expectations concerning what curricular offerings are… Continue Reading...

Apple

success their predecessors had before them. References Backer, L. (2013). Transnational Corporations' Outward Expression of Inward Self- constitution: The Enforcement of Human Rights by Apple, Inc. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 20(2), p.805. Curwen, P. and Whalley, J. (2016). Mobile telecommunications in a high speed world. CRC Press. D&B Hoovers. (2018). Amazon.com Company Profile. [online] Available at: http://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/company-profile.amazoncom_inc.ef53c3d095de033c.html [Accessed 3 Jun. 2018]. Do, T. (2018). The Real Production Costs of Smartphones. [online] Techwalls.com. Available at: https://www.techwalls.com/production-costs-of-smartphones/ [Accessed 2 Jun. 2018]. ETS (2018). Drive high performance with balanced scorecards like Apple & Microsoft use - ETS. [online] ETS. Available at: https://www.etsplc.com/drive-high-performance-with-balanced-scorecards-like-apple-microsoft-use/ [Accessed 6 Jun. 2018]. FTS (2011). 4.5… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Essay

violations as a pretext for searches, seizures and arrests—a direct violation of everything the constitution meant to protect against.8  The War on Drugs has been a colossal failure but this is not surprising as the U.S. government and its CIA are part of the problem of smuggling and trafficking drugs—for example, it is no coincidence that heroin use around the world and in the U.S. spiked dramatically once U.S. soldiers “liberated” the poppy fields in Afghanistan, which is where heroin comes from. They liberated it by opening up the drug trade even wider than ever as a means of… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Sodomy Cases Rulings

or other indelible civil rights. Justice Byron White asserted, “The issue presented is whether the Federal constitution confers a fundamental right upon homosexuals to engage in sodomy” (Bazelon, 2012). The answer turned out to be one of the Supreme Court’s most shameful decisions, and a clear representation that justice had not been served. The Court essentially ruled that homosexuals did not have a fundamental right to engage in sodomy. This decision was clearly representative of the fact that the toxic beliefs that characterized homophobia were still alive and well in the eyes of the Court. This was no doubt… Continue Reading...

Nursing Premise for Healthcare Delivery

originates in existential-phenomenological thought, often accessing the factors of human subjectivity and interlocking ideas of co- constitution, co-existence, and situated freedom (Alligood, 2017). These can be very inaccessible, nebulous ideas for the average nurse, and scholars dedicate their lives to exploring these concepts even further. Instead, with a conceptual model like the one above, one can see and understand that the average person is intentional. “That is humans have an open and meaningful stance with the universe and people, projects and ideas that constitute living experiences. Being intentional means that humans’ involvements are not random. They are chosen for reasons… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Arguments for and Against Gun Control

allows for more gun control than you think. Vox. Retrieved August 24, 2018 from https://www.vox.com/the-big-idea/2018/5/23/17383644/second-2nd-amendment-gun-control-debate-santa-fe-parkland-heller-anniversary- constitution Elving, R. (2018) Repeal the second amendment? That's not so simple. Here's what it would take. NPR. Retrieved August 24, 2018 from https://www.npr.org/2018/03/01/589397317/repeal-the-second-amendment-thats-not-so-simple-here-s-what-it-would-take Continue Reading...

Government Intervention Essay

Following the onset of the Great Depression, America’s leaders tried to find ways to get the country going again, to stimulate the economy, put Americans back to work, and recreate the prosperous good times of the 1920s.  Franklin Roosevelt called for action.1  Hoover before him called for the government to resist intervention.2  Two decades earlier Teddy Roosevelt called for intervention in the regulation of labor.3  Henry Ford called for self-help—not intervention—but independence.4  Based on these four perspectives, this paper argues that government intervention leads to a culture of dependency, which does not facilitate growth or positive and innovative solutions to… Continue Reading...

Political Ideology Libertarianism

shapes the character of the nation. If Americans were to look deep at what the constitution implies, it would reflect the core principles of the Libertarian Party. Libertarianism may not be the most popular political ideology in the United States, but it remains influential on how Americans perceive many political issues. References Boaz, D. (1999). Key concepts of libertarianism. CATO Institute. https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/key-concepts-libertarianism Iyer, R., Koleva, S., Graham, J., et al (2010). Understanding libertarian morality. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1665934 Kiley, J. (2014). In search of libertarians. Pew Research Center. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/08/25/in-search-of-libertarians/ Libertarian Party (2018). About the Libertarian Party. https://www.lp.org/about/ Silver, N. (2015).There Are Few… Continue Reading...

Daca Protest

Introduction Concurrent with the big protest against the repeal of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA), my community held a similar rally to show support and to try to influence lawmakers and policymakers. The DACA program was a piece of human rights legislation that essentially offered amnesty to those who were minors when they entered the United States without a visa. Therefore, DACA would protect the children of illegal immigrants or a child who for whatever reason came or was brought to America. Two of the most important provisions of DACA included the deferral of deportation, and the… Continue Reading...

Philips Academy Andover Human Resources Plan

community and the natural world” (andover.edu). According to the school’s constitution which was created in 1778, the school seeks to help young people understand that “goodness without knowledge is weak… yet knowledge without goodness is dangerous.” Hence, the goals of the school are incredibly lofty and the faculty and staff must be able to operate at the top of their game in order to meet these objectives. Any drama, speedbumps, issues, lack of clarity, lack of support or comparable issue will drastically slow the school down from meetings the needs of its students, and that can cause lasting issues.… Continue Reading...

Muller V Oregon 1908

passage of laws by states to protect workers was permitted by the constitution. The evidence presented by Brandeis, a lawyer acting for the state, clearly demonstrated that women’s health was negatively affected by long hours of work. On this basis, “the court concurred on the grounds that society had an interest in protecting the bodies of potential mothers, whom the majority opinion referred to as ‘bearers of the race,’ opening the door for an expanded state power to regulate the workplace on the basis of sex differences” (The Oregon Encyclopedia, 2018). In effect, therefore, the court emphasized the maternal… Continue Reading...

Equal Rights Act 1922 and Beyond

also claims that the passing of the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would promote a parallel amendment to the constitution guaranteeing the rights of women. Florence Kelley, on the other hand, opposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, claiming that women need different laws from men because they are biologically different. Kelley assumes that passing the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would also entail the removal of special protections of women, who the author believes are vulnerable and in fact, weak. While Kelley is correct to point out that racial discrimination also needs to be taken into account, her attitudes towards equal… Continue Reading...

Discussion Of Different Logical Fallacies

Assignment 1 Logical fallacies are everywhere, and can be surprisingly persuasive to those who are unaware of their existence. One logical fallacy is red herring, which throws in a random, unrelated idea to throw off the audience. For example, a recent article criticized the anti-gun protesters not because they were violent but because they were “rude to adults.” A more effective means of engaging the protesters would have been to have a reasoned argument based on their actual political points of view. Saying they were “rude” has nothing to do with the central argument, which is related to gun control.… Continue Reading...

Visual Rhetorical Analysis

In a news story presented by the online version of NBC news, a major American network, an article about #BlackLivesMatter includes photographic imagery of a large social protest that took place in 2013. The protest followed in the wake of George Zimmerman being found not guilty on charges of second-degree murder of an unarmed black man—an event that showcased the extent to which even the law fails to protect the lives of innocent people of color. In one photographic image used in this news story, the photographer captures a significant moment in the protest in which five individuals together hold… Continue Reading...

The History Of Oklahoma

played a very significant role in the state and its people’s lives. The state constitution invoked the power and guidance of Almighty God and this was a sign of the deep faith of the Oklahomans. Yet there were also some problems in the state as Jim Crow laws and segregation kept African Americans from truly being treated equally in the state. This is an unfortunate moment in the history of the lives of the Oklahomans, but it soon passed and the state grew to show equality to all persons following the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The story of… Continue Reading...

Freedom Of Speech and How It Is Necessary

Colin Kaepernick’s political activism and his symbolic “taking the knee” have sparked a fierce debate over the power, potential, and possible limitations on freedom of speech. According to an article in The Washington Post, “survey after survey has shown that too many students at all levels — including in college — don’t understand free speech and don’t know that it is guaranteed by the First Amendment,” (Strauss, 2017, p. 1). The reason why I am writing about freedom of speech in relation to the reaction to Kaepernick is that the First Amendment encompasses the fundamental rights and freedoms fundamental to… Continue Reading...

Why Americans Should Get More Paid Maternity Leave

Maternity leave programs that benefit the wealthy are anathema to the ethical principles that underlie the American constitution. Furthermore, paid maternity leave programs help to promote gender equity by making it easier for moms to pursue their career goals as well as their goals to be a good parent. Not only should companies offer the same paid leave for new fathers. An interview with Jennifer Graham, director of the county school board, reveals that their new policy provides both new mothers and new fathers with six months of paid leave—something that Graham claims has reduced absenteeism and turnover throughout… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration War on Drugs

simple self-reflection, or to bring about a society that reflects the values and ideals of the constitution. Since its release, The New Jim Crow has sparked increased dialogue related to mass incarceration. The only way the system can change is to alter the social norms, so that the next generation or two of voters responds at the polls. There will always be those who believe that tough on crime policies work, or are necessary. The focus should be on rational thinkers who can understand that mass incarceration makes no sense, based on historical patterns and social science data. Of… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

speech is hurtful or helpful. All of these areas have in common the ideas promoted by the constitution—and the psychologist’s role in each of these areas now appears to be whether the framers of the constitution had the same ethical guidelines as society today has. 3 Ethical obligations are overcome by psychologists by adhering to a Code of Ethics, which still in some cases needs to be developed more thoroughly: for instance, with regard to profiling, there is no consensus among the various disciplines in criminal justice in which it is applied. There is a need for more training… Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

pave the way for a better America for future generations. Like Frederick Douglass, for instance, Angelou knew that the constitution prohibited the maltreatment of women and women of color; the title of Angelou’s autobiography speaks volumes about her take of what it means to be an American. An American is someone who sings loud and proud in spite of being oppressed, knowing full well that the ideals of the society will prevail in the end. Compared with Angelou’s autobiographical novel, Emerson’s essay on self-reliance presents a starkly different picture of what it means to be American. Emerson writes from… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

the Ataturk years. Unfortunately, Erdogan has changed the actual constitution and other legal documents in ways that legitimize and safeguard his power, allowing him to exert a level of control and subordination that has not existed since the Ottoman Empire. One of the reasons why authoritarian regimes last as long as they do is that they create stability through effective social control. Since the conversion of the Turkic tribes to Islam, and via the proliferation of explicitly and unique Sunni identities, the Ottoman Empire solidified its power via the dissemination of information and the colonization of neighboring regions. The… Continue Reading...

Factors for Keeping Employees

able to influence the lifestyles of patients in a positive manner befitting a more health constitution in regards to cardiovascular wellbeing. Nurses play a pivotal role in doing so because oftentimes they are the branch of the healthcare profession with the most direct interaction with patients, and thus, they have the most responsibility for encouraging such positive changes in patients’ lifestyles. When considering the phenomena of readmission of Hispanic patients with CHF as relates to the analysis and evaluation of theoretical-conceptual-empirical-methodological linkages and ideas for future research, it is critical to understand that there are a number of racial… Continue Reading...

Civil Tort Criminal Law Differences

Civil vs. Criminal Law Goals The American justice system differentiates between civil (tort) and criminal law, with the most significant distinction being that the state generally has the authority to prosecute crimes but not torts, while individuals have the power to directly bring civil but not criminal charges. The goals of a criminal case are to determine the guilt or innocence of the accused, but also to uphold the tenets of the law, protecting the public safety and in many cases offering some form of victim restitution to promote principled justice (“The Difference Between Torts and Crimes,” 2004). Players The… Continue Reading...

United States Gun Control Pros Cons

The Second Amendment to the constitution states, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed,” (United States constitution). Because few contemporary gun owners would describe themselves as being part of a “well regulated militia,” the relevance of the Second Amendment becomes increasingly spurious. Mass shootings, firearm accidents, and other gun-related deaths are disproportionately high in the United States, but assessing causality remains one of the greatest policy challenges of the last century. Gun… Continue Reading...

The Meaning Of American Identity

Echoes of the Colonial Era in American Identity Essay The American Identity during the 1700s was still very much in development. Prior to the American Revolution in the latter half of the century, the colonists for the most part considered themselves subjects of England and the British crown. They had a king, they had local governments in their territories with members who represented the crown, but their identity as citizens of an autonomous, independent nation was not nearly as full-fledged as it is today. The American Identity really came into being thanks to writings of individuals like Ben Franklin, whose… Continue Reading...

Vaccines and the Smallpox Epidemic

American tradition. American had fought for independence in the 18th century and had established a constitution guaranteeing people a certain degree of autonomy in their life decision. If someone chose not to vaccinate even in the face of overwhelming evidence that vaccines helped end the spread of disease, that person was likely to base his perspective on the need to preserve individual autonomy, individual choice, and individual right to liberty. In 1902, Massachusetts granted its city boards of health the permission to mandate smallpox vaccinations for the sake of public safety. In theory, this permission was no different from… Continue Reading...

Student Discipline and Bullying

Student Bullying/Discipline 1. Abstract According to the Illinois Legal Aid Online (2018) Bullying can be understood as the aggressive and unwanted traits espoused by school going children. The traits entail some perceived or real power imbalance. Some of the students will use this power (such as their physical strength, popularity, access to privileged information) to harm, blackmail or harm other students. This behavior has to be repeated or have the potential of being repeated for it to qualify as bullying (Illinois Legal Aid Online, 2018). This paper explores a bullying scenario and maps out a strategy to alleviate bullying among… Continue Reading...

How Native Americans Shaped Modern American Identity

ways that directly contributed to the contents of the U.S. constitution. Indeed, some authorities suggest that the Iroquois tribe provided Benjamin Franklin with the notion of a democratic republic for the burgeoning American colonies. For instance, Loewen reports that, “Indeed, Native American ideas may be responsible for our democratic institutions. In the 1740s the Iroquois wearied of dealing with several often bickering English colonies and suggested the colonies form a union similar to the [Iroquois] League” (103). Taken together, while the Native American tribes were poorly served by the United States, especially with Andrew Jackson’s notorious Indian Removal Act… Continue Reading...

Critical Infrastructure Protection Using Computers in Modern Society

Critical Infrastructure Protection Nowadays, computers have become very ubiquitous in the American society. Computers and related technologies are used at every level of government in the United States. Computer technologies are also used by all sorts of professionals, and private citizens to access information, store information, communicate, and/ or transform acquired information. Right now, there are also computer-dependent technologies that are used to monitor and control, critical transportation systems, water treatment and distribution systems, power grids, gas distribution systems, and oil transport systems. Moreover, virtually all aircrafts are guided by GPS (Global Positioning System), and other computer-linked/ related systems. From… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddlerhood S Developmental Stage Age Group

of self- worth within the baby, facilitating the development of a sound, all- round physical, emotional and psychological constitution, which happens between 0 and 18 months (Thomas et.al 2000). Babies experience a feeling of uncertainty/insecurity when it comes to the world they are born into. For resolving this insecurity, they rely on their mother (primary caregiver) to acquire stable, consistent care. Hope arises from success at this point. The development of trust gives rise to hope within the baby that with the advent of novel crises, they can turn to others for support. Fear develops if the baby doesn’t… Continue Reading...

Federalists and Anti Federalists on the Constitution

Project Title: Ratifying the U.S. constitution I chose this topic because I feel that our country went from being a loose union of individual states to being a nation with a central government when the constitution was ratified. This was more important than the War for Independence, because it dictated the type of government we would have. The Federalists, led by Hamilton, wanted a strong central government. The Anti-Federalists wanted every state to be its own government. The guiding question for me is: Should the U.S. have ratified the… Continue Reading...

Ratifying the U.s. Constitution

of individual states to being a nation with a central government when the constitution was ratified. This was more important than the War for Independence, because it dictated the type of government we would have. The Federalists, led by Hamilton, wanted a strong central government. The Anti-Federalists wanted every state to be its own government. The guiding question of this essay is: Should the U.S. have ratified the constitution or stayed a loose confederation? This paper will show why the U.S. was better off not ratifying the constitution and remaining a loose confederation of states. An interesting article at… Continue Reading...

Social Innovation and Change

with its president having written his name into the constitution, there is not a whole lot its citizens can do to protest this new social change. The goal of the system is to promote behavior that aligns with what the state expects from people. As Werth (2018) notes, “if you’re the kind of person who volunteers or donates blood, you’ll be awarded credit points. If you’re getting speeding tickets, charging “under-the-table” fees, posting “fake news” online, smoking in non-smoking zones, or buying too many video games, you’ll be punished. The government is analyzing you based on how you act… Continue Reading...

Flint Water Crisis

dominate, American political discourse has led to the widespread assumption that all public policy is inherently equitable. The constitution does overtly support equity, but in fact, white flight and the Flint example shows how the most equitable policies are not borne out in reality. What occurred in Flint was that first, white residents moved out of the city in droves to seek an idealized life in suburban areas. Flint therefore became a primarily African American town, which at first remained tied to the GM teat. GM and other area industries had long been polluting the local rivers and groundwater,… Continue Reading...

Democratic Development in Africa Challenges

Challenges to Democratic Development in Africa Introduction The political life in Africa has largely been characterized by poor governance and an inherently poor democratic record. This has in most cases led to not only political disillusionment, but also despair – effectively stifling the continent’s economic advancement. In effect, the challenges facing the continent as far as democratic development is concerned stem from political misrule coupled with the adverse effects of imposed westernization, as well as globalization and resource exploitation. As a consequence, the continent continues to suffer demobilization on the political front which has effectively led to economic decapitation. Millions… Continue Reading...

A Brief History Of Medicare and Medicaid

Medicare Medicaid A brief history of Medicaid and Medicare The idea of a national health insurance plan gained political momentum in the first part of the 20th C. President T. Roosevelt was among the pioneers in making the health insurance issue a campaign matter. The Second New Deal crafted by President Roosevelt involved including the Social Security program in the laws (Piatak, 2015). The act tried to reduce the extent to which such factors as poverty, old age, widowhood and children without known fathers were seen as dangers. The New Deal had a chunk of its content expunged by the Supreme… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act Aca Implementation State Of Florida

State of Florida: Affordable Care Act (ACA) Implementation The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was designed to extend healthcare coverage to more Americans, ideally to cover all Americans. Yet the passage of the bill was relatively turbulent, and resulted in a somewhat inconsistent implementation of its fundamentals on a state-by-state basis. Before the ACA, the state of Florida had one of the highest uninsured rates in the nation and after the implementation of the ACA and the healthcare exchange, “the uninsured rate has reportedly dropped from around 20% in 2013 to 15.2% in 2015,” although this rate is still higher than… Continue Reading...

President Thomas Jefferson and Servant Leadership

of 50 statutes into law. At the time of the drafting of the constitution numerous years later, Thomas Jefferson was not part of the process but was rather the American Ambassador to France. At this point, he has already made his significant contribution with regard to the statutes that were already in operation in the state of Virginia. These are the sort of activities that indicated the servant leadership of Thomas Jefferson. He chose to serve the nation and improve the newly formed nation in spite of the opposition that he faced on the way (Greenleaf, 1997). Added Value… Continue Reading...

Determining Liability for Negligence

The Common Law Theory of Negligence Negligence is defined as the failure to exercise the appropriate care that is expected to be exercised under the specified circumstances. In law, negligence is the breach of a legal duty to take care that results in damage undesired by the defendant. The underlying concept of negligence is that individuals should at all times exercise reasonable care in their actions (Scott). This is done by considering the potential harm that one might foreseeably cause to another individual or property. Looking at personal security, this is quite applicable in that even when offering security, one… Continue Reading...

Higher Education Should Be Free for All

should be free for everyone for ethical, financial, and social reasons. The principles of the American constitution are grounded in the ethics of equal opportunity. Free higher education means reduced student loan debt, which would benefit the economy. To improve the quality of life in the nation, all students should have the chance to attend college and university to compete in the global job market or contribute to their communities. Works Cited Goldrick-Rab, Sara and Kelly, Andrew P. “Should Community College Be Free?” Education Next. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016, pp. 54. Page, Max and Clawson, Dan. “It’s Time… Continue Reading...

Us Foreign Policy and the Use Of American Military Power

“As Long as The Personal and Societal Safety of American Citizens Is at Risk from External Threats, Historical Precedents Suggest That Rather Few Limits Will Be Placed on The Use of American Military Power, Or on The Constraints the United States Will Impose on The Peoples of Other Countries.” The government of America exists for its citizens’ welfare, an obligation which encompasses being in charge of both its internal and external affairs. US foreign policy’s key principles are: defense of the physical territory of America, safeguarding citizens from attacks by enemies, promoting the status and economic interests of America, and… Continue Reading...

Nationwide Marijuana Legalization

of Proposal This proposal aims to fully legalize marijuana nationwide.  This would require an amendment to the constitution similar to the 21st Amendment, which repealed Prohibition of alcohol.  Once fully legalized it would no longer require a medical card to purchase marijuana as is the case in states like Ohio and Florida.  It would be fully legal as a recreational drug, though states could still regulate the sale of it to ensure quality of product. Analysis of Political Climate The political climate is currently favorable to the nationwide legalization of marijuana.  Former Attorney General Jeff Sessions was not in favor… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

II (London & Wakatsuki, 2018). Although purportedly for defensive purposes only due to restrictions in the Japanese constitution, it is apparent that these vessels together with the rest of the modern Japanese navy are capable of defending commercial shipping lanes in their region if put to the test by China, Russia or Iran. Furthermore, the potential for a constitutional amendment in Japan that expands the nation’s authority to include specifically offensive weaponry in its arsenal may be on the horizon given the need for Japan to exercise greater responsibilities in its areas of control. It is also noteworthy that… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

of remaining true to the values and principles embedded in the constitution, lawmakers entered into Faustian bargains like the Missouri Compromise, and outright deals with the devil such as the Kansas-Nebraska Act and most notably, the Dred Scott decision. In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court hid its decision behind presumed legal arguments but in fact, the Court could easily have used it as an opportunity to evaluate the Constitutional legality of slavery itself. The decision meant that the federal government did not have the right to stop slavery from expanding into the new territories, but that the… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of the European Parliament

European Parliament, Democratic Legitimacy and the EU Introduction Background The EU has three legislative aspects—the supranational aspect (the Commission), the intergovernmental aspect (the European Council and the Council of the EU), and the parliamentary aspects (the EP). Yet, only one of these bodies is directly elected in a democratic fashion (the EP), which means that the overwhelming majority of the EU’s legislative totality is specifically non-democratic in character. In other words, the only way the people of Europe can directly and democratically influence the shaping of EU policy is through the EP. This is undoubtedly why, as Ronald Holzhacker points… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

Background of Terrorist Trials in the United States Terrorism occupies a unique liminal position, somewhere between acts of war and criminal acts. Because of this, jurisdiction, the rights of terrorist suspects, and other ethical and legal conundrums have lent themselves to an inconsistent and ambiguous terrorist trial system in the United States. Historically, as now, terrorist trials in the United States have taken place in several different jurisdictions, and prosecutorial discretion can be based on factors like circumstantial and situational variables or on political whim. Whether or not the terrorist incident was allegedly perpetrated by a domestic or an international… Continue Reading...

Theories and International Relations

the enforced powers through balances and checks was incorporated into the constitution of the US (Hopf, 1998). This was mainly to ensure that no person or new government branch could become too powerful. This system’s intentions was to ensure that no federal government’s department or branch is guarded from conducting fraud. This system is intended to separate powers and balance the authorities of the separate government’s branches. Power separation divides power into legislative, executive and judicial branches of the American government. The legislative branch functions to enact the laws of the nation, the executive branch enforces and implements the… Continue Reading...

Visionary Leadership Of Nelson Mandela

Mandela made the announcement that he would be a one-term president even though the constitution allowed him to serve two terms. Knowing that his inauguration speech would be watched by over one billion people across the world, Mandela used the opportunity to preach peace and unity by using pronouns such as us, we, and our to help align all people towards the vision he had for South Africa. f) For most of his early life, Mandela leaned more towards socialism than he did capitalism. However, on being released from prison, he recognized that Socialism was failing many nations and… Continue Reading...

Alternative Points Of View on the Abortion Debate

legal abortion based on the provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment to the constitution such as the citizen’s right to privacy. Since Roe v. Wade, anti-choice activists have continued to press for the re-criminalization of abortion either at the state or federal level with varying degrees of success in restricting access to abortion services. The abortion debate became tied up with factors like religiosity and ethics, often in distorted and illogical ways. Both Catholic and Protestant traditions have fluctuated between condoning abortion and banning it (Ravitz, 2016). Current anti-abortion rhetoric is frequently cloaked in religious terminology, primarily from the Christian… Continue Reading...

Free Exercise Clause

seeks to guard a right that might not be expressed elsewhere in the constitution (Fenster, 2014). With this background, it is obvious that the state statute bears more weight as a matter of equal protection and not as a substantive due process right. Motorcycle users, in this case, are required to wear protective helmets when on the state’s highways, despite the fact they are not the only users of the state’s highways. This, therefore, raises equal protection issues. This would have been a substantive due process issue if the state required motorcycle users to use the state highways in… Continue Reading...

Justification Of the State

have experienced across the globe. It is a debate that is not about to die soon. In the US constitution, the federal leadership has the authority in specified areas but with limited powers. The states are responsible in running affairs that have been left out by the federal government. Therefore, the politics of the state are critical. The states are responsible for the protection of the populace in their jurisdictions. They are expected to provide healthcare services and security too. The responsibility bestowed on the states is the reason that 95% of all criminal proceedings are conducted by the… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

Revolution, constitution and Enlightenment The American Revolution and the ensuing U.S. constitution put forward by the Federalists were both products of and directly informed by the European Enlightenment. The Founding Fathers were considerably influenced by thinkers like Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu (whose separation of powers served as the model of the three-branched government of the U.S.). This paper will explain how the European Enlightenment set the stage for the American Revolution and U.S. constitution by putting out the ideas that the Americans would use as the… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Process and Victims

accused house serves as circumstantial evidence. The Fourth Amendment of the US constitution mandates the investigator to establish “probable cause” prior to engaging in search of the an individual, residence, clothes, or property as this is usually required per (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2019). A search warrant, issued by a “neutral and detached” judge authorizes law enforcement officers to search a location or person or object proximal to an alleged crime. Police irresponsible investigation has in some cases resulted in the destruction of evidence, fabrication of evidence, the reliance on false testimonials landing innocent people to prisons and… Continue Reading...

Race and Racism Who Are You?

Race/Racism: Who are you? Vietnamese Americans are Americans who have a Vietnamese heritage. Vietnamese people living in the United States make up close to have of the Vietnamese people leaving overseas. The Vietnamese Americans are one of the largest Asian American ethnicities. Other Asian ethnicities include the Indians, Filipinos, and the Chinese. The Asian Americans have a distinct characteristic from other Americans. I define myself as an Asian American. The media sources like the movies and television give little positives about the Asian Americans and neither are there many recognized role models of Asian American heritage (Mok). According to Mok… Continue Reading...

Homeland Security and the Distinction Between Isr and Iaa

The Distinction Between ISR and IAA The intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance have capabilities that are aimed at improving the informational and situation awareness to the department of homeland security. The capabilities of ISR have increased in demand since the incident of Hurricane Katrina. The same capabilities of ISR are the ones that are termed Incident Awareness and Assessment (IAA). The Incident Awareness and Assessment (IAA) capabilities have been leveraged to respond to various kinds of threats such as hurricanes, wildfires or even ocean oil spill. The ISR has the capability to provide invaluable situational awareness from various intelligence disciplines. The… Continue Reading...

A Strong and Clear Boundary Between Church and State

right to put into practice the appropriate measures (Mendelson, 1962). In the constitution of the United States, the first amendment entails protection of American civil liberties as well as amendment of any law concerning an initiation of a federal or state religion, hindering the freedom of speech, right to assemble peaceably and the freedom of the press. US is deemed to be a religious country and all religions should be granted the chance they deserve (Curry, 1987). Despite the fact that citizens are given some freedom, they are not permitted to infringe onto the freedom and rights of other people.… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

to be considered as the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. constitution clearly gives people the right to privacy. Nonetheless, Homeland Security requires that the nation consider the evolution of terrorism and view it not just as an external threat but also as an internal threat. In other words, terrorism is not just a variable or factor that comes from outside the borders—it can also come from inside. Domestic terrorism or homegrown terrorism can result from the radicalization of members of society who are disgruntled, angry and in communication with radical elements abroad. Immigration presents specific risks for precisely that… Continue Reading...

Argument for Universal Healthcare United States

Part One The American healthcare system is in a crisis situation, with exorbitant spending unbalanced by “poor health outcomes, including shorter life expectancy and greater prevalence of chronic conditions” versus high income countries with universal healthcare systems (Squires & Anderson, 2015, p. 1). The Affordable Care Act was an attempt, albeit an incomplete one, to reform the way healthcare is structured and financed. Universal health care is a concept that has gained some traction in the United States, but its thorough implementation is hindered by values, norms, and fears. Overall, the pros of universal healthcare undoubtedly outweigh the cons. The… Continue Reading...

The Mis-education Of the Negro by Carter G. Woodson

equality as per the political philosophy embedded in the United States constitution.As a result, “Du Bois criticized Washington for not demanding equality for African Americans,” (“Booker T. Washington,” 2017). Washington remains an important figure in that he knew how important it was to build bridges and never to isolate anyone from the dialogue. Woodson falls somewhere between the DuBois and Washington in that like DuBois, he championed a more comprehensive approach to erasing the deep-seated racist beliefs in the United States. In one chapter of Mis-Education, for example, Woodson specifically criticizes the backwards mentality of people living in rural… Continue Reading...

Racism in Birmingham Alabama

1963 and the Civil Rights Movement Since the end of the Civil War and the 13th Amendment to the U.S. constitution, which abolished slavery in America, equal rights for African Americans was one of the anticipated outcomes. Yet, the law did not swing entirely in favor of equality; rather, it offered freedom and segregation. Jim Crow laws were essentially institutionalized with the Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) decision, which affirmed that blacks were “separate but equal” to whites—i.e., they were “equal” in the eyes of the law (after all, the 14th Amendment had affirmed their equality, and the 15th had affirmed… Continue Reading...

The Enron Trial and Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling

court, on the other hand, has limited jurisdiction but covers lawsuit against the US; violation of constitution and violation of federal laws such as cases on bankruptcy, copyright, criminal, maritime, patent and antitrust. However, some cases entail overlapping jurisdiction which allows the accused a choice of the type of court to attend to avoid the double jeopardy. Ruling The 4-month federal jury in Houston found Jeff Skilling guilty of 19 counts of falsified statements, conspiracy and securities fraud and not guilty of insider trading (9 counts). The jury found Kenneth Lay guilty and convicted the defendants for conspiracy to… Continue Reading...

Trump Versus Hawaii

America is land of the free but again, the law dictates that the government is mandated by the constitution to help the citizens preserve their security and be able to stay safe. The Trump vs Hawaii law of 2018 clearly has contentions. In terms of culture, the Muslims are affected since their rights to religion is monitored and certain practices banned in the United States. This infringes in their right to freely express themselves since they need the actual law to protect them as aliens. The civil rights act of 1969 protects them against slavery and any misdeeds since… Continue Reading...

The Authoritarian Regime and Animal Farm

the State, n.d.). The authoritarian regime may have present a constitution—a set of rules or laws—to the people, but the regime is not held accountable to the same rules or laws and is not responsible for adhering to the constitution to the public. This situation describes perfectly the case in George Orwell’s Animal Farm, and it also reflects the real world cases of the Soviet State in Russia, the Communist state in China, and the Democratic-on-the-Outside-but-Authoritarian-on-the-Inside government of the U.S.). This paper will analyze Orwell’s Animal Farm according to the concepts of origins and transformations of the state, democratic… Continue Reading...