Crime Essays


Juvenile Delinquency Essay

Introduction In the past, there was no such term as “juvenile delinquent” or “juvenile delinquency” within the justice system. As frightening as it is to consider, over a hundred years ago, children who committed crimes were thrown into prisons with adults and some children were even sentenced to corporal punishment or even death (Yale.edu, 2000). Reformers of the justice system were the ones who pushed for a distinct court system for the treatment of juveniles, with the underlying notion being that these young people could potentially be helped and reformed. “Central to the concept of juvenile court was the principle Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

Conflict Theory-The Relationship between Sociology and Criminology Theorists, on, social conflict propose that crime, in general, is triggered by conflict in the class system, as well as, laws that have been shaped by individuals and groups in power to safeguard their interests and rights. All acts of crime have political nuances, and Quinney refers to this as crime's social reality. Research attempts to confirm the conflict method; on the contrary, have not generated significant results (Seigel, 2000). Moreover, sociologists ponder over the social patterns that exist among social classes and the complications that arise from conflict… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of Heroin on White America

D. (2016). The war zone in white America. National Review. Retrieved from http://www.nationalreview.com/article/429781/us-heroin- crime-rate-working-class-americans-are-facing-epidemic This article in the National Review shows how white working-class neighborhoods are being impacted by the heroin epidemic and how it is affecting white families. More and more white families are losing members to heroin overdoses, which is in turn raising more awareness and concern about the drug and how to stop its spread. The author highlights the "family revolution" as one reason for the drug's hold on white America, where families are "marked by rises in divorce and single-parent families." In response to the heroin… Continue Reading...

Feminism in the Hunting Trip on Parks and Recreation

likely to receive the same as harsh a sentence for the same crime a man carries out, has roughly the same biological capabilities as a man in terms of aggression and competitiveness, and much of the influences are socially based; all cleverly illustrated by Leslie in "The Hunting Trip." In my opinion, the show clearly portrays the gender perceptions that are commonly found in an entertaining way that can help people to understand these issues. Works Cited Forbes, S. and M. Harris. "Female Sex Offenders: Observed Trends in Wisconsin." Corrections Today (2014): 58-61. Wright, J., S. Tibbetts and L.… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

Murder Inc. by Graham K. Bell   Book Summary Starting from the 1920s, the American crime landscape underwent a complete transformation under an all-star gang of thugs, garrotters, and snipers. Ethnic and religious diversity was evident in its members. A majority of them hailed from New York City itself, chosen from its toughest neighborhoods, including Ocean Hill, Brownsville, and Flushing. The exorbitant amount of crime they perpetrated led the media to name them "Murder, Inc.."This merciless gang, considered the innovation of Meyer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel, and other elderly gangsters, was quick to catch the entire nation's attention, and made headlines across the… Continue Reading...

European Union and Crime

Organized crime: A Contested Concept The presence of organized crime in modern society is not as a cut and dry concept as most people would intuitively think. Take for example the existence of prostitution in virtually every society that has existed throughout the course of humanity. Although it is clear that this practice falls outside the realm of what is considered to be acceptable by the majority, many of the practitioners of this trade are actually grateful that they have the opportunity, the clients are obviously… Continue Reading...

Reporting Of Criminal Justice Issues and News

discretion to publish whatever they desire, while the other has crime victims who are largely private citizens wishing to remain unseen but shoved unwillingly into the press's glare. A hodgepodge of multiple-level court rulings and state and federal legislation illuminate the pendulum's direction over time (Steele, 2002). (1) Strive to find accurate facts and report them in maximum possible detail • Be constantly informed in order to be able to clearly and persuasively inform, involve, and educate society on major subjects. • Maintain honesty, fairness, and courage when collecting, publishing, and inferring accurate facts. • Give the unheard a… Continue Reading...

Video Cameras and Public Safety

invaded without their consent. Is having video cameras as part of a way to monitor the public for a crime a good idea or a bad one? The advantages are clear and lean towards public safety. Of the many crimes perpetrated in high traffic areas and public venues, many go unsolved due to lack of evidence. Video cameras serve to not only identify a perpetrator, but also show where someone has been. They can provide proof for alibis and help show where a victim was during a certain time. Furthermore, video cameras in intersections help ward off unsafe driving… Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

diverse geographical cities in the United States of America approximated average annual expenses of crime to above $1,300 for every man and child. Since a lot of these costs are due to reducing residential values of property, violence greatly lowers tax revenues. The government should, therefore, address the massive needs of citizens. The straight annual expense of violence crimes at every level of government was approximated to be $325 per resident (Webster, et al., 2012). The researchers summarise that programs laid by law are stronger than "gun laws." They analyse that the most effective plans incorporated punitive and supportive… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Offenders in St Louis

of whether his sentence was fair and suitable for the nature of his crime. The jury considered Nathan's state of mind when he committed the crime and his background. Three hours into deliberation, they could not reach a unanimous decision. This meant the initial first-degree murder conviction had to be vacated and replaced with a second-degree murder conviction. Although his initial conviction was replaced with a lesser one, he still faced 75 years in prison for charges unaffected by the Miller v. Alabama ruling. Meaning the new conviction proved fruitless in reducing his overall time spent in prison. The… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Future Research 41 Appendices 43 References 45 List of Figures and Tables Table 1. Firearm-related crime reports in England and Wales. Table 2. The rise and fall of firearm-related homicide rates in England. Figure 1. Literature review search process for articles 2013 and later. Figure 2. Literature review search process for articles 2000 and later. Table of Legislation and Cases Pistols Act of 1903 1920 Firearms Act 1937 Firearms Act Firearms Ammendment Act 1988 1997 Firearms Amendment Acts Violent crime Reduction Act 2006 European Firearms Directive 91/477/EC Amended Directive 2008/51/EC List of Abbreviations ASEO = academic search engine optimization CPRC = crime Prevention… Continue Reading...

The Bernard Goetz Shootings

they felt 'tantalized' that a vigilante was able to get justice in a world full of crime. "The idea that a vigilante is on the loose, that a real live 'death wish' killer is abroad, tantalizes both public and media. People read the stories avidly, turn on the television news eagerly." (Rubin 5-6) Regardless of who was believed, the story was a hit with audiences. "The public is mesmerized by this startling turn of events. Imagine! A man who resisted the muggers and got away with it. Nothing else matter; nothing else is noticed- not dumdum bullets, not that… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

criminal justice field to examine situations and vulnerabilities that make it more likely for people to become victims of crime. Additionally, this discipline also focuses on examining and understanding the harm people suffer due to being victims of crime or illegal activities. One of the core components of victimology is understanding who and/or what are crime victims in light of situations that increases vulnerabilities to crime. The rise of victimology today's society is attributable to the increased vulnerabilities that certain individuals and/or groups face, which increases their likelihood of being targeted by criminals. Victim surveys have shown that some… Continue Reading...

Statute Of Limitations on Rape

is not terribly unreasonable to expect a rape victim to report a crime against them in a timely manner, using a window of 90 days is entirely too short and truncated. It should be more like six months to a year. It is fairly established fact that many rape victims, for whatever reason, do not report crimes against them right away, assuming they report them at all. Rita's case is proof of why it is important to give rape victims a more elongated window. In the case of Rita, she knows she was a victim but she was so… Continue Reading...

Protection Of the Victims Of Crime

blaming is one demeaning and devaluing act of putting the victim of a crime as being responsible, in part or in full for a crime or harm that actually affects them. It portrays the victim as being responsible for their own harm caused by another person. The blame emanates in the form of unexpected or negative social responses from the mental health, legal, medical professionals. This negative response can also be from the media or the immediate family as well as other friends and people he relates to. The responses towards victims of crime are often founded on the… Continue Reading...

Questions About Police Community Relations

or suburb specific issues (e.g. Ferguson) would be more of a police/community issue. The lower- crime areas and areas with less police or racial strife would not be dealt with at the same time as Ferguson or areas like it due to the much different dynamics involved. What is the major purpose of police-community relations activity? In a nutshell, the relations activity would be about keeping lines of communication open. If there is a situation where a person is shot or a dead body is found, the police (if they are wise) would immediately communicate what they know happened, what… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Employees

Baltimore City Police Department Proposed changes In order to keep the officers motivated and reduce crime rate, these proposed policies will aim at aiding their understanding of how valuable and important they are and the indispensable function they perform in order for the department's objectives to be achieved. The strategies will employ Herzberg Hygiene theory, which debates that two major factors exist that people consider when highly motivated; the factors associated with job satisfaction and those related to job discontent as well as the Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory; "Motivational needs vary from the essential biological needs such as food, air… Continue Reading...

Modern Police Tactics and Tricks

relations? Feedback from the people, whether it be tips about crime or advice on how to be relatable to the community, is necessary because police cannot be everywhere and warrants and such are needed to detect or prove many crimes (RAND). Describe briefly the evolution of police-community relations programs in the United States. Even if some areas are lagging, there is a general shift towards this model in many cities and this is a movement away from the impersonal and harsher methods of the past. There are cities where distrust remains high, although that can occur for one or more… Continue Reading...

Crimes Against Property

The common characteristics of all property crimes Property crime can encompass aspects of burglary, theft, or motor vehicle theft and this also includes attempted as well as completed crimes. In accordance to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), property crime comprises of the wrongdoings of motor vehicle theft, larceny-theft, burglary, as well as, arson. In particular, the object of the theft-kind transgressions encompasses the taking of money or property, however with the lack of force or threat of force against the victims. Imperatively, the property crime classification takes into account arson for the reason that the offense consists… Continue Reading...

Social Issues in the Military and Law Enforcement

Manning had undergone both psychological and mental deterioration at the time when she committed the alleged crime. As such, the court ought to have considered that fact by the time it made the ruling. This application of the law that did not consider Miss Manning's special case has contributed to her frustrations and hence the attempted suicide. Moreover, the length of imprisonment in the sentence she received must have contributed in making Miss Manning desperate to the point of attempted suicide. In my opinion, the court has had a great influence on Miss Manning's frustrations and consequent suicide attempts.… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

his success. Is this an accurate statement? How does education impact directly or indirectly crime in America? Next, choose a district in an inner city and one in a non-urban area. Discuss the educational programs in each and then discuss the crime statistics within each area. What conclusions can you draw regarding education and its effect on crime in the area? Several explanations of this have been thoroughly elaborated and they are based on the traditions popular in poverty-stricken regions, the unequal distribution of educational infrastructure, the standard of education in the less developed regions, the opinions of poor… Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

and additionally, "Germany and the Netherlands generally measure re-conviction, not just re-incarceration (which might not be for a new crime); and the follow-up time in Europe is variable, ranging from one to eight years" (Subramanian, Shames, 2013, p. 6). This shows that the two countries take a more humanistic approach to measure recidivism: they are not simply gauging whether a person has been put in prison again but whether a person has actually been convicted. Likewise, they are looking at the crime committed -- whether it was for something new or for the same thing as before. They are… Continue Reading...

Restitution for Victims Of Crime

in place a comprehensive and holistic victim restitution plan order to ensure that the victims of crime are adequately compensated and restored as much as possible to their previous nature and status. The intimate partner crime victimization is common within the society hence the need to fully understand the meaning of intimate partner abuse and the possible restitution plan that can help in compensation of such victims within the required period of time. The main paper will hence look at the following major areas in order to fully understand intimate partner crime and victimization of the victims of such… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

of organs   Giving payments or benefits Other types of exploitation Source: United Nations Office on Drugs and crime at http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/what-is-human-trafficking.html One school of thought holds that prostitution is a normal part of the human condition that allows otherwise unskilled workers to earn a living. This view is congruent with the definition provided by Black’s Law Dictionary which states that prostitution is “engaging in, or agreeing or offering to engage in sexual contact with another person under a free arrangement with that person or any other person.” In this context, the term prostitute applies to both males and females. This view is also… Continue Reading...

Texas Law Cases on Theft

individual who breaks and gains access to the dwelling of another person with an aim to commit a crime inside the building is offense. Moreover, any person who breaks the dwelling of another individual with the intention to indulge in either theft, or any other form of crime is considered an offense (Samaha). It can further be depicted that any kind of entry into the dwelling of a person in the wrong way is similar to committing a crime. Therefore, Jewell admitted to a good friend that he had broken into Bridget’s house and had committed as the police… Continue Reading...

Public Funding and the Police

law that allows police to confiscate the property of anyone accused of a crime if they believe the property is in some way connected to crime. Profits from forfeiture can be used to fund the general law enforcement department or go to a fund for promoting some sort of public safety program in the city or state (Sullivan, 2014). The basic process through which budgetary decisions were made in my previous place of employment was based on following the process for the city: the City members met in February and followed the Revenues Manual guidelines to predict what the… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

could be classified in that manner, such as repeat DUI offenders. Indeed, that crime is not violent but the risk to the public is clear and people do not really “age out” of drinking, although therapy is always possible with cooperation (Moore, Harrison, Young & Ochshorn, 2008). However, there are plenty of other situations where the three strikes law is an abuse of power, is a waste of taxpayer dollars and might even be discriminatory towards minorities. Due to the clear weaknesses in the law and due to the common lack of built-in oversight and review, it is important… Continue Reading...

When Senators and Police Go Bad

that Mayor Bloomberg would try to make himself and his city look better by underreporting on crime is a very disingenuous type of leadership: it indicates that people should lie and falsify claims in order to make the situation look better than it is. This is not how communities are transformed for the better, however. The police have a duty to serve and protect, and if the community feels it is not being served by them or is being underserved (because their issues are not being reported—such as shootings, assaults, attempted rapes and so on) then why is the… Continue Reading...

Bin Laden Al Qaeda Financing Crime

bin Laden and al Qaeda. While Naylor spends the entire Wages of crime focusing on the flows of black market and blood money, he does so within a morally relativist framework. Chapter Seven of Wages of crime is an addendum, new to the most recent edition of the book that was originally published prior to September 11. Responding to the pressing push to apply the economist’s approach to terrorist financing, Naylor understandably adds this chapter as part of his ongoing narrative on the wages of crime. Given the tenor and themes contained in the rest of the book, it… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

has been portrayed in Hollywood films, given the motiveless nature of the crime, it can be extremely useful (Winerman 2004). Profiling is not a replacement for effective investigation but it can enhance it. Serial killers will likely continue to attract the public’s attention in the future. But media coverage must err on the side of being responsible and informative, versus focusing on sensational details that could potentially inspire copycat actions. The media must also be mindful of any ongoing investigation and while it is not a tool of the police force, it should not release evidence which could hamper… Continue Reading...

Crime and Punishment in the American Colonies

What crime existed in the colonies? How was this different or the same as in the lands from where colonists came? Although the early colonists clearly brought with them vestiges of their previous culture and country, living in the New World produced new social and economic factors that gave rise to new worldviews and also new forms of crime. But initially, there was relatively little crime. For many early colonists, religious cohesion, the lack of diversity within their society, and above all a desire for survival meant that crimes such… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

first place) was that the social order became worse after than it was before: the rise of organized crime was ushered into existence thanks to the Era of Prohibition, and it has not gone away to this day (Bursik, 1988). In order for the death penalty to serve as a deterrent for murder, it must therefore be applied in a system of law that is moral, consistent, equitable and fair. If that system is pervaded by other unjust laws, is inconsistently applied with regard to fairness and equitability, or is riddled with corruption (“the law’s delay” and the “insolence… Continue Reading...

Social Construction Theories on Serial Killers

Criminology researchers usually draw on multiple sociological theories for understanding crime and offenders. Certain elements of serial-killing research continue to be a subject of speculation and exploration, on account of the numerous preconceptions and myths surrounding the crime. The significance of establishing a theoretic basis to explain sociological factors proves crucial to distinguishing between fact and fiction (Hickey, 2013). Social Structure Theory This class of theories concentrates on the socioeconomic status of a person and suggests that the poor perpetrate more offenses owing to their struggle to achieve social or monetary success. They are, particularly owing to their subcultural,… Continue Reading...

Crime and Security

In the Facebook v. Power Ventures case, the former brought a lawsuit against the latter, alleging violations of several Acts – specifically the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) as appertains to this discussion. Of concern was the move by Power Ventures to facilitate the aggregation of the social media accounts of a user such that the user could use just a single website to view activities (including messages and posts by friends) in the said social media accounts. In essence, users of the Power Ventures website, Power.com, had an option of accessing their profile on Facebook via the said… Continue Reading...

 innocence Of Bruno Hauptmann

kidnapping, the most likely scenario is that Hauptmann was involved in the crime but did not murder baby Charles Lindbergh. The crime occurred in Hopewell, New Jersey in March of 1932. Baby Lindbergh was missing from his room, and a window was open. A ransom note was left in the room. It was written in “broken” English, and the writer demanded $50,000 (Cornwell 1). The Lindberghs could afford to pay, and they did, hiring an intermediary named John Condon to transfer the money to the kidnappers. The money was handed over in marked gold certificates. Yet the baby was… Continue Reading...

The History Of Crime in the United States America

How did the end of the Cold War impact perceptions of ordinary crime as well as crime spending? The Cold War allowed Americans to focus their attentions on a simple bogeyman: Communism. With communism framed as “public enemy number one,” politicians could easily market themselves to Americans as being the best leader to protect them from the fearful red menace. The Cold War also enabled a relatively bloated defense budget. When the Cold War ended, there was a sort of reverse power vacuum. Now without its primary nemesis, the United States needed a new enemy to engender fear in… Continue Reading...