Criminal Justice System Essays


Police Brutality Essay

  Topics Police Brutality and Race Police Violence and African Americans When Does the Use of Force Become Police Brutality? Police Brutality and the Black Lives Matter Movement Police Brutality and the Blue Lives Matter Movement Titles The Use of Violence: Is there a Limit to the Amount of Force Police Officers Should Use on a Suspect? Why “Just Comply” Is Not the Answer to Police Brutality Are Minorities the Victims of Higher Rates of Police Violence? Police Brutality: Is there a War on Cops or a War by Cops? Outline I.  Introduction – Definition II.  Body A.  Definition B. Continue Reading...

Different Types Of Studies Relating to Drugs

doi:10.1016/j.cct.2016.05.003 • A qualitative study that looks at drug abuse interventions that involve the criminal justice system and drug therapy from legal drugs. This study would be useful in how the criminal justice system can use legal drugs to combat the use of illegal ones. This would be a way to get people off of heroin, methamphetamine and so forth. Chen, L., & Bonson, K. R. (2013). An Equivalence Test for the Comparison Between a Test Drug and Placebo in Human Abuse Potential Studies. Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics, 23(2), 294-306. doi:10.1080/10543406.2011.616972 • Quantitative study that looks at placebo vs. real… Continue Reading...

Feminism in the Hunting Trip on Parks and Recreation

hormone levels (Wright, Tibbetts and Daigle). This perception seems to be evident in the criminal justice system as many assume women are less prone to crimes, such as illustrated clearly in the episode. Yet women have higher levels of estrogen and different biological compositions that fluctuate in healthy females with their menstrual cycles. Other studies have also shown that women are more likely to commit crimes during their premenstrual cycle (PMS) during times in which these hormones are present. But these beliefs are also supported by popular culture and aggression is constantly being associated with low levels of estrogen… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

1 The U.S. Supreme Court is an important element of the nation's criminal justice system given its original and appellate jurisdiction. Through its original and appellate jurisdiction, the Supreme Court provides precedence which guides the criminal justice system. While local, regional, county, and state customs and practices should be revered, it's essential to have one overarching court interpreting criminal law to help avoid confusion. Therefore, Supreme Court practices can be improved through considering these customs when interpreting criminal law. The Process after a Criminal Trial The process of a criminal trial varies somewhat across states because of differences in criminal… Continue Reading...

Csi Effect

million viewers (Cole & Dioso-Villa, 2007). This discussion seeks to establish the effect of CSI on criminal justice system. The paper reviews previous literature on the subject. Background According to a survey that was recently conducted, most jurors today expect more forensic evidence in crime cases as a result of the TV program: Crime Scene Investigation. Indeed, many jurors also believe that CSI has made the conviction process all the more harder (Hughes & Magers, 2007). In the summary of the analysis of 318 magazine and newspaper articles focusing on the effects of CSI, up to 8.5% made reference… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

rights entities and other interested parties with intention to understand the criminal justice system.   References American Bar Association. (2007). Standards relating to pretrial release (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C. Bassiouni, C. (2003). Introduction to International Criminal Law, Transnational Publishers, New York. Boyle, D. (2006). The Rights of Victims, Participation, Representation, Protection, Reparation, Symposium on Khmer Rouge trials, Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 307 Conference of Criminal Presiding Judges, (2007). NEW JERSEY CRIMINAL DIVISION OVERVIEW. Retrieved from https://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/criminal/CRIMINAL_DIVISION_OVERVIEW_12.26.07.pdf on September 9, 2016. Henham, R. J. (2005). Punishment and Process in International Criminal Trials, Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Lynch, Gerard E.… Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs Of Justices

crimes especially take advantage of this). What would happen in a criminal justice system without plea bargaining is that courts would become so backed up that cases would never be heard in the lifetime of the persons involved/charged. Alternatives to the plea bargaining process to enhance justice and efficiency could include diversion programs that remove less serious charges from the process (American Bar Association, 2015). ASHFORD 4: - WEEK 3 - DISCUSSION 1 Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was born in 1933 in Brooklyn to Jewish parents. She attended Cornell, Columbia Law and was a professor at Rutgers… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

goals other than those that serve the interests of the corporations that run them. The criminal justice system needs to remain integrated in the government and only the government, where democratically elected officials govern overarching policies and practices. Furthermore, the government ensures that prison practices reflect the principles of the criminal justice system. The system needs to shift towards a more humanitarian basis, whereby rehabilitation and alternative sentencing are more important than incarceration. Incarceration in privatized prisons too closely resembles a form of slavery. Week 4 -- Discussion 1 A moral guideline reflects the overarching principles that inform codes… Continue Reading...

Logical Fallacies and Criminal Justice

By definition, any argument that contains faulty reasoning is termed a logical fallacy. Most logical fallacies are arguments seem psychologically convincing, but are weak logically. Most importantly, a logical fallacy makes people accept certain arguments and conclusions that would ordinarily not be easily acceptable as valid (Doss et al. 2014). This paper discusses some logical fallacies and how they affect criminal justice. Argumentum ad hominem The argumentum ad hominem is the argument directed at a particular person. The ad hominem is considered a fallacy that neither the speaker's character nor the circumstances reveal any facts concerning the validity or the… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Bias

huge proportion (Weller, 2016). Impact of this case on future actions and ideology of the criminal justice system relative to the psychological issues presented (or denied) in this case Questions around racial bias have been raised since the killing of Michael Brown by Officer Darren Wilson. There have been few solutions to the problem; even though it has been extensively documented. Beyond the documentation and studies, it is apparent that out conduct and behavior towards others is influenced by implicit attitudes that operate below our conscious levels. This observation holds true on whether the attitudes are directed at people of… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

bias, even when brutality is not used, is evident at every level of the criminal justice system. Works Cited Chaney, Cassandra and Robertson, Ray. "Racism and Police Brutality in America." Journal of African-American Studies, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 480-505. Gilbert, Keon L. and Ray, Rashan. "Why Police Kill Black Males with Impunity: Applying Public Health Critical Race Praxis (PHCRP) to Address the Determinants of Policing Behaviors and "Justifiable" Homicides in the USA." Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 93, Supp. 1, pp. 122-140. Makarechi, K. (2016). What the data really says about police and racial bias. Vanity Fair. Retrieved… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

free law abiding society because the tenets of our adversarial criminal justice system states that partisan advocacy on either side of the case will enhance the eventual objective that those who are guilty should be convicted and the ones that are not guilty are acquitted. The protection against intentional government interference with the relationship between the client and their attorney's privacy is another instance of the significant basis for the right to counsel jurisprudence encouraged by the Supreme Court's Sixth Amendment. The Sixth Amendment grants the accused the right to counsel after the formal initiation of charges. Such guarantee… Continue Reading...

Reporting Of Criminal Justice Issues and News

a direct impact of news framing. Create a foundation for the accurate and ethical reporting of news about the criminal justice system Undoubtedly, crime victims are impacted by media reporting of victimization and crime. These individuals may typically be grouped under the following three general categories, each of which has its own distinctive concerns and dynamics (Bucqueroux & Seymour, 2009): Breaking News Media reporters must realize the unique challenges victims who make the "breaking news" encounter. They must grasp the impact of trauma even in cases where the victim hasn't suffered any physical harm. Considering these realities, they must be… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

find that when they ask for help or come forward to law enforcement, they become embroiled in the criminal justice system themselves, placed in untenable foster care situations, and end up in situations no better than they had been when they were being trafficked (Mcpherson, 2016). In fact, Mcpherson (2016) notes that law enforcement will end up processing some of the victims of child pornography and child trafficking rings with criminal charges, such as if the minor had been in the possession of a drug or other contraband, or if the child had exhibited behavioral problems. Unless law enforcement… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

this document. Broad Discussion of the Literature in a Funnel Format False confessions do not occur infrequently within the criminal justice system. There are a variety of reasons explicating this reality, ranging the gamut in scope and focus. On the one hand, many interrogators readily assume suspects are guilty or, perhaps even worse, simply want to convict them in order to benefit their own particular careers and paths of advancements. In other instances, the criminal justice system wants to punish defendants who have opted not to accept a plea bargain as a way of dissuading people from even utilizing a jury… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

McCarthy & McCarthy, 2008). This is particularly true for correctional institutions, a major component of the criminal justice system. Correctional authorities play a crucial role in rehabilitating offenders and facilitating their transition back to the society. The role places huge ethical demands on correctional personnel. This paper outlines ethical requirements for correctional officers. First, a comprehensive job description of correctional officers is offered, along with the key stakeholders they work together with in the fulfilment of their day to day duties and responsibilities. Next, a number of practical work scenarios where ethical decision making is required are highlighted, with… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

States, including the Reid technique, as well as techniques more common in the United Kingdom, which has a similar criminal justice system in general. The UK uses the PEACE model, according to Gudjonssen & Pearse (2011), who conclude that the Reid technique is actually inferior to the PEACE model in several ways, particularly in that it is confrontational and is based on a presumption of guilt, which tends to lead to more false confessions. The Kassin (2012) article uses the Amanda Knox trial to launch a discussion about how to minimize false confessions. Kassin (2012) shows how false confessions… Continue Reading...

The Prevalence Of False Confessions

False confessions are an unfortunate part of the criminal justice system. False confessions are often extracted in order to gain a quick conviction without careful consideration for the facts of the case. This can lead to major problems for the defendant and the court system as defendants try to convince juries of unethically extracted confessions. While many in the criminal justice system believe, a false confession is a rare occurrence, research suggests it is a far more pervasive problem than imagined. If one were to look at false confessions via the lens… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of a Public Policy on an Individual

designed to retain hegemonic systems and to oppress people of color through the criminal justice system. The Impact of the Policy on the Individual From the perspective of this young African-American male, it is possible to show how public policies differentially affect people of color. As Williams (2016) points out, the War on Drugs has "destroyed lives, torn families apart, filled our jails and prisons and hijacked countless futures of black and brown youth," (p. 1). The perspective of the African-American male on drug policy in particular reveals intersections of race, class, and gender. A 23-year-old African-American male is… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

..... criminal justice system protects the public from criminals and criminal activity by investigating, catching, and thwarting crime. Although some countries have similar methods of punishing criminals and preventing crime, many countries have different methods and strategies. Norway has its own way of handling criminals and criminal investigations that often involves a decentralized police and investigative force. The United States operates via tiered system: federal, state, and local (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). England offers a tiered system as well, with most investigative efforts occurring in London.… Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice in Gideon V Wainwright

the indigent defendants do not fare well in the criminal justice system. There are many challenges that face them and their quest to providing the best representation to their clients. In the case of Eddie Lloyd, the indigent defendant has a very short time to organize his case. As a result, he was unable to gather all the evidence that was needed to ensure that the defendant was not sent to jail. Based on his incompetence and lack of good investigation, Eddie was sent for life without any option for parole although killed nobody. Therefore, the defendant was not… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education,… Continue Reading...

Social Work Mental Health Issues

ethnicity often factor into who gets funneled into the criminal justice system and who has access to mental health services, social workers need to pressure politicians to create a system that is fairer and more just. The mental health commitment standards and mental health services in my state are underdeveloped, even when it comes to accessing my state's Medicaid program. Therefore, activism remains a crucial concern. References Marsella (2011). Twelve Critical Issues for Mental Health Professionals Working with Ethno-Culturally Diverse Populations. Psychology International. Oct 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.apa.org/international/pi/2011/10/critical-issues.aspx NASW (2017). Mental health. Retrieved online: https://www.socialworkers.org/pressroom/features/issue/mental.asp Sjhankar, J., Martin, J.… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Issues

.....abuse and/or neglect of children and the elderly is a major issue in the American criminal justice system because of increased prevalence of such cases. However, getting accurate information regarding the extent of child and elder abuse is increasingly challenging in the United States. Some of the major issues contributing to this problem include the fact that most child and elder abuse cases are not reported, misreporting of these cases, seeming inability of victims to report the cases, and the fact that most perpetrators are caregivers. Children and senior adults are more likely to be victims… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

to crime victimization and through enhancing the criminal's sense of impunity. The criminal justice system has focused on promoting the creation of policies that seek to lessen victimization and enforcing the law. Additionally, the administration of justice and law enforcement in the criminal justice system has involved prioritizing the safety of victims in order to help reduce crime victimization. This process has involved ensuring that criminals are punished for their crimes based on the law. While these approaches have helped in dealing with victimization, they are inadequate to resolve the increased vulnerabilities of individuals and groups to crime victimization. These… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

liberties groups, however, complained that those words were not matched by actions. In the criminal justice system, many anti-Muslim actions occurred. Suspects were detained irrespectively of constitutional limits and conditions. Moreover, arrests for other crimes, like visa overstays, drastically increased for those of Arab origin or from Muslim countries in the final months of 2001. The government disregarded the rights of Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans in numerous cases. Thus, just as African-American Muslims were targeted during the unrest of the Civil Rights Era, the post-9/11 world saw Muslims as the source of problems in society -- even though… Continue Reading...

Protection Of the Victims Of Crime

and have avoided showing victims blood or body bag. The criminal justice system has also significantly improved their approach in protection of the victims through hiding of their identity by banning publications, particularly child victims or witnesses and the sexual assault victims. The justice system has also ensured possibility of concealing identity and voice of the victims who may be appearing in court as complainants or witnesses. The justice system has acted within the law to recognize the victimization of victims of crime and have developed several legal mechanisms that help in protection of the victim from victim blaming and… Continue Reading...

Joe\'s Case Study and Evidence Based Practice

on people like Joe and to especially refrain from criminalizing the client or diverting clients into the criminal justice system. However, social workers also understand how policies constrain their ability to take action to help people like Joe. Joe's case exhibits gaps in service delivery related to intersectionality and social class status. Guiding principles of social work include understanding the patient in a systemic way, taking into account issues like social policy, social status in the community, and family status when working with clients. The NASW (2013) recommends a "supportive approach" that refrains from judgment and stigma while focusing… Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

the mission statement of the chosen organization: Florida Gang Investigators Association. In the U.S. criminal justice system, an estimated half of workers are employed at the local level. The rest are employed at federal and state levels. Although managers do not exist within the context of private businesses, there are supervisory staff that oversee the actions of employees in government organizations. Management grants power to influence others (Allen & Sawhney, 2015). This power does not come from the respect and admiration of subordinates, but through the promise of monetary gain and position within the organization. Subordinates follow management orders because… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

attaining justice, can damage the justice process. Moreover, severe issues for the general public together with the criminal justice system can emanate from involving politics in criminal justice, a process in which political leaders seize prospects to employ criminal justice issues to augment their individual power, obtain elective positions and also increase their level of popularity. Week 3 Discussion The state in consideration is the State of New York. One of the dominant cultures of the state correction facilities and institutions in this state is that of violence. According to Rose, juvenile detainees in these institutions are subjected to… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Of Crime Incidents

one of the most important processes in the fight against crime and efforts towards enhancing the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in dealing with crime. In the past few years, crime analysis has continued to expand in law enforcement agencies across the globe. This expansion has contributed to the development and use of different methods of crime analysis including strategic, tactical, and administrative strategic analysis. These techniques of crime analysis are utilized when examining different crime incidents and resolve them. This paper provides a review of different crime incidents using different techniques of crime analysis and an analysis… Continue Reading...

Community Policing and Justice

2017. Hierarchy Structure. "American Police Hierarchy." Hierarchy Structure. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 June 2017. National Center for Victims of Crime. "The criminal justice system." The criminal justice system. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 June 2017. Roufa, Timothy. "Federal Law Enforcement Agencies." The Balance. N.p., 02 Mar. 2017. Web. 23 June 2017. Walton, Eugene. "How Washingtons first race riot set off a debate on the meaning of justice." The Washington Post. WP Company, 31 July 2015. Web. 23 June 2017. Continue Reading...

Punitive and Correctional System in the United States

with the German, Norwegian and Netherlands systems. • Introduction to US criminal justice system • A general outlook of the German, Norway, and Netherlands criminal justice system • A thesis statement Similarities Opening statement Classification of prisons • security levels • Prisons differentiated based on age, and sex. Operations within incarceration facilities • Compulsory work duties and vacations • Compensation for work Access to amenities • Leisure activities • Education and skill improvement opportunities Differences Opening statement Basic and foundational principle of the criminal justice system, • Rates of imprisonment • US is punitive/retribution and neutralization • German, Norway, and… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Ethical Issues in Corrections

Bernard B. Kerik offer a sobering view of the criminal justice system. Even Kerik, a veteran of several conservative administrations, notes that his experiences in prison convinced him that prison does little to rehabilitate prisoners, only hardens them. He also notes that the presumption of prosecutors in the criminal justice system is that offenders are guilty, not innocent until proven guilty, and this often results in violations of defendants' rights. After his own corruption scandals, Kerik takes a more chastised and compassionate view of individuals who commit crimes, noting that many of them have grown up in environments… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

seen as an advantage (Walklate, 2013). There are three main institutions that make up the criminal justice system that moderate a case from the start, via trial, to sentence. The law enforcement officials commence a case, they collect evidence to recognize and utilize against the assumed culprit through inspection of the crime. The court carries on with the case to assess in case the presumed culprit is guilty without reasonable doubt by assessing the evidence. The correction system utilizes the resources at their disposal, if required. The means include incarceration, probation, to punish and correct the behavior of the offender.… Continue Reading...

Restitution for Victims Of Crime

the appropriate roles and extent of involvement of the victim to the crime. Criminal Justice Systems Response The criminal justice system is one of the arms of governance that directly deals with the crimes and the victimization process. It is therefore significant to ensure there is in-depth understanding of how the justice system operates and thereafter look at the way the various instances of victimization were handled by the justice system whether they were satisfactory and the aspects that were considered before the clarification of a possible victimization case. The case studies will again be of great significance and the take… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism As a Separate School Of Thought

companies structure their human resources policies and programs. Even the criminal justice system is basically based on behaviorism. Positive reinforcement refers to offering rewards for desirable behaviors, and negative reinforcement refers to punishing undesirable behavior with the goal of eliminating it. Question 2 There were many influences and trends in research leading to the emergence of behaviorism as a separate school of thought. The most important theorists that contributed to the evolution of behaviorism as a separate school of thought presented their work as fundamentally different from the other life sciences like biology, but also different from psychoanalysis. Watson,… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organizational Issues

file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vji1nrcFRU8 Ridgeway, G. & MacDonald, J.M. (2014). A Method for Internal Benchmarking of criminal justice system Performance. Crime & Delinquency, 60(1), 145-162. Vliet, V.V. (2014, June 23). Five Functions of Management (Fayol). Retrieved November 9, 2017, from https://www.toolshero.com/management/five-functions-of-management/   Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Childhood and Adulthood

the social status differences between children are adults become evident in formal institutions like the criminal justice system. There are two justice systems, one for children and one for adults. Children are deemed “minors,” because they are minor human beings that the state does not view as ready or capable of voting or running for public office. A child cannot open a bank account or do much of anything official without an adult present. Many of the external restrictions placed on children is to protect them, as well as to protect the society from the frivolous actions many children… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

cognitive therapy treatment program for repeat DUI offenders. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36539-545. doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2008.09.004 Rakoff, J. S. (2017). WHY PROSECUTORS RULE THE criminal justice system— AND WHAT CAN BE DONE ABOUT IT. Northwestern University Law Review, 111(6), 1429-1436. Rochin v. California 342 U.S. 165 (1952). (2017). Justia Law. Retrieved 3 November 2017, from https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/342/165/case.html Sutton, J. R. (2013). Symbol and Substance: Effects of California's Three Strikes Law on Felony Sentencing. Law & Society Review, 4737. Continue Reading...

Leadership Dynamics at Johnson County Sheriff Department

it would have a devastating effect on the performance of the criminal justice system and the FBI investigations. It may erode public trust in all officers, including the most honest officers leading the community to disbelieve police testimony with the testimony that their contributions will not make any significant changes (Paludi, 2012). Such scenarios have played out in various states in the country with hundreds of Sheriff’s convicting or protecting perpetrators based on race. As a result, we are likely to witness a scenario whereby the juries and defense lawyers will be dismissing many cases that warrant convictions because… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Darryl Hunt\'s Case

before his release in 2004. This case has had significant impacts on the criminal justice system with regards to rape and murder cases. Analysis of Hunt’s Case Darryl Hunt’s case is an example of a wrongful conviction and sentencing of an individual for a crime he did not commit. The wrongful conviction and sentencing of Darryl Hunt for Sykes’ murder was seemingly influenced by racial division/bigotry in the jury. Despite DNA evidence raising significant doubts on Hunt’s involvement in Sykes’ murder, the failure by the criminal justice to release him for another 10 years raised more concerns regarding justice… Continue Reading...

Careers in Criminal Justice and Prospects

United States does spend a fair amount of taxpayer money on maintaining its criminal justice system, there are budget restrictions that prevent salaries in some states from increasing at a rate commensurate with increases in costs of living and inflation. Having said that, I am still optimistic about finding a job right away after I graduate. Job outlook for the upcoming year is positive, increasing on par with national averages for all other sectors (“Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists” 1). I have no illusions about earning top dollar the first year after I graduate, unlike some of my… Continue Reading...

The Ethical Issues Of Criminal Justice

Discussion 1 Considered policies and programs 1. criminal justice system: Impact caused by a lengthy criminal justice system on crime suspects 2. Border Control Program: Significance of enhanced boarder control in preventing crime, drug trafficking and counterfeit goods 3. Innocence Program-Suspect Conviction processes: Consequences of wrongful conviction of inmates and measure needed to alleviate wrongful convictions Impact of relevant political and ethical issues associated with the program evaluation The criminal justice system has many good but also negative consequences. To the extent that there still are wrongful convictions and the policy makers may have to reevaluate the… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

may seem small, on the ground the high rate of police brutality does hurt the objectives of the criminal justice system. Moreover, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2015) shows that the incidence rates of police brutality are far higher for non-whites than for whites. Black and Hispanic people are more likely to experience use of or threat of force than their white counterparts. While sociological tools of analysis are necessary for understanding the broader issues related to racial justice and police brutality, a psychological perspective can be perhaps more helpful in offering solutions to the problem. Behaviorism, for example,… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

& Ashworth, 2012; "Justice, Western Theories", 2018; Baldwin, 1912).  According to Mueller (1996), the structuring of the US criminal justice system has gone through several modifications after historic events occurred within the criminal law context that uncovered the system’s shortcomings (Mueller, 1996). These events, perhaps, influenced lawmakers to enforce amendments and change the case execution process, for appropriately upholding justice. One such case is that of OJ Simpson, who was tried for killing Nicole Brown (his former wife) and Ron Goldman (who worked as waiter at the Mezzaluna Restaurant); the two were found dead on 13th June, 1994. The victims’… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

be seen that the African American community is deeply distrustful of the criminal justice system specifically and precisely because it has such a long history in the U.S. of being at odds with social justice where fairness and equitability are practiced without respect for race, creed or ethnicity. Unnever and Cullen (2007) support this perspective, noting that there are clear racial disparities in terms of the distribution of capital punishment. National statistics on the race of defendants executed in the U.S. since 1976 show that 34.5% of those executed were black (“National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race,”… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

impacts children and what effects that has on the criminal justice system. Freeman (2015) shows through case study what can happen to a small child who is the victim of a domestic violence situation. Freeman’s (2015) case study examines the life of Sophia, a witness to domestic violence at a young age. After being removed from her family and placed in several different foster homes, she does poorly in school, is maladjusted socially, gets in repeated fights, and is routinely viewed as a trouble maker in her neighborhood. Her environment had been non-conducive to appropriate growth and development and… Continue Reading...

The New Nation Jackson and Beyond

governance over a people who were accustomed to a relatively loose and informal criminal justice system was difficult. The new nation was much larger and more spread out than had been the case in European nations upon which America modeled its new system of laws. Alcoholism was a problem and resistance to taxation and attempts to exercise moral control over the colonists came to a head in the Whiskey Rebellion, when Alexander Hamilton attempted to tax distilled liquor. This reminded many colonists of the previous tea tax imposed by the Crown and federal troops were required to quell it.… Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

this mythical tune or quotes its non-existent lyrics. Likewise, the author talks about the “collapse of the criminal justice system” but not based on real facts like prison overcrowding but on the “inability to even convict the clearly guilty,” (Bork, 1996, p. 4 ). The author fails to refer to the specific inability to convict incident. The author picks on illegitimate birth as a calling card of liberalism, which weakens the overall argument entirely given that births out of wedlock can occur for any number of reasons, and are not necessarily a symbol of moral decay. One of the most… Continue Reading...