Criminal Justice Essays


Criminal Justice System Essay [Free Example]

This essay discusses how the criminal justice system is an important part of the government, allowing for the prosecution, imprisonment, and rehabilitation of criminals. Apart from the court system and police, the criminal justice system has other components like criminal justice agencies that provide additional information for researchers to form studies and articles to help Continue Reading... Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Murderers Alex and Derek King

Mail Online UK: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2451335/Brothers-murdered-father-2001-just-12-13-talk-attempts-lives.html Doherty, E. E. (2005). Assessing an Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control. Department of Criminology and criminal justice. Laub, J.H., & Sampson, R.J. (1993). Turning points in the life course: Why change matters to the study of crime. Criminology, 31(3), 301-325. Laub, J.H., & Sampson, R.J. (2003). Shared beginnings, divergent lives: Delinquent boys to age 70. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Power, J. (2003). Speculation on the King Brothers Case. Retrieved from NAMBLA: http://www.nambla.org/kings.html Sampson, R., & Laub, J. (2004). A General Age Graded Theory of Crime. Testing Integrated Developmental/Life Course Theories of Offending. Tasgin, S.… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

A. (2001). The impact of gun control (Bill C-51) on homicide in Canada. Journal of criminal justice, 29(4), 287-294. Retrieved, from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047235201000940 Loeber, & Stouthammer-Loeber. (1986). Family factors as correlates and predictors of juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In M. Tonry and N. Morris (Eds.). Crime and Justice, 7. Matsueda, & Grigoryeva. (n.d.). UW Faculty Web Server. Social Inequality, Crime, and Deviance. Retrieved August 10, 2016, from http://faculty.washington.edu/matsueda/Papers/Inequality.pdf Petrosino, Derzon, & Lavenberg. (2009). The Role of the Family in Crime and Delinquency: Evidence from Prior Quantitative Reviews. The Southwest Journal of criminal justice, 6(2). Retrieved, from http://swacj.org/swjcj/archives/6.2/3%20Petrosino%20et%20al.pdf (n.d.). Sage… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

and other interested parties with intention to understand the criminal justice System.   References American Bar Association. (2007). Standards relating to pretrial release (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C. Bassiouni, C. (2003). Introduction to International Criminal Law, Transnational Publishers, New York. Boyle, D. (2006). The Rights of Victims, Participation, Representation, Protection, Reparation, Symposium on Khmer Rouge trials, Journal of International criminal justice, p. 307 Conference of Criminal Presiding Judges, (2007). NEW JERSEY CRIMINAL DIVISION OVERVIEW. Retrieved from https://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/criminal/CRIMINAL_DIVISION_OVERVIEW_12.26.07.pdf on September 9, 2016. Henham, R. J. (2005). Punishment and Process in International Criminal Trials, Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Lynch, Gerard E. (1998). Our… Continue Reading...

Second Chance Act Of 2008

recidivism has been identified as one of the most critical concepts in criminal justice. The concept refers to an ability of an individual relapsing into criminal behavior. Typically, the recidivism has been measured by a criminal act, which led to reconviction, re-arrest, or return to prison. According to data released by the National Institution of Justice (2015), approximately 67.8%, which is about two-third of the released prisoners are rearrested within three years of their released. Within five years, 76.6%, three- quarter of the released prisoners are rearrested. Moreover, property offenders and those sentenced for drug crimes are in the… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Probation

the probation terms. Probation as a whole, forms a rather critical area of criminal justice. At times considered a test, probation enables lawbreakers to serve their sentence partially or entirely outside of jail. From the incarceration system's perspective, probation reduces costs incurred by the state, enabling prisons to concentrate on punishing dangerous and vicious criminals. Probation for juveniles in the preferred sentence as imprisonment is considered particularly harmful to children's physical and mental wellbeing. Probation counts among the 'family of instruments', that law enforcers employ for reducing juvenile delinquency levels. History, Duties and Responsibilities of Juvenile Probation Officers The… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

perhaps usually, reflects ethical codes. However, many laws remain unethical. Often, pragmatism and/or fear guide public policy in criminal justice more than ethics. The law usually reflects the difficulty balancing different ethical frameworks. A good example is drug laws. Drugs can cause addiction, which can cause personal harm. Drug prohibition is designed to "protect" the individual by restricting his or her freedom to act. However, the greater ethical principle of freedom as well as privacy also needs to be respected. Criminalizing drug users by placing them in prison is more unethical than the use of drugs itself, which can… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Bias

The incident provoked anger in huge proportion (Weller, 2016). Impact of this case on future actions and ideology of the criminal justice system relative to the psychological issues presented (or denied) in this case Questions around racial bias have been raised since the killing of Michael Brown by Officer Darren Wilson. There have been few solutions to the problem; even though it has been extensively documented. Beyond the documentation and studies, it is apparent that out conduct and behavior towards others is influenced by implicit attitudes that operate below our conscious levels. This observation holds true on whether the attitudes… Continue Reading...

The Morality Of Punishment for Actions

Permissibility of Punishment. Retrieved from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://www.iep.utm.edu/m-p-puni/ MacKenzie, D. L. (2000). criminal justice and Crime Prevention. Retrieved from National criminal justice Reference Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/works/chapter9.htm Oleson, J. C., & Mackinnon, T. (2015). Seeing Saw through the Criminological Lens: Popular Representations of Crime and Punishment. Criminology, criminal justice Law & Society, 16(1), 35-50. Retrieved from https://ccjls.scholasticahq.com/api/v1/attachments/557/download Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

criminal justice researchers are usually faced with numerous anecdotal data that is supported with relatively little to no empirical support. In order to effectively explore nuances of the issues that face the society with regards to law enforcement, criminal justice researchers tend to rely on empirical data, which is considered useful. The dependence on empirical data in criminal justice is evident in the fact that most of the existing criminology journals are quantitative as compared to qualitative studies (Jacques, 2014). Empirical research data is data obtained from direct and… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

The importance of ethics in the criminal justice field cannot be overemphasised. All participants must portray acceptable moral conduct for positive criminal justice outcomes to be achieved (Braswell, McCarthy & McCarthy, 2008). This is particularly true for correctional institutions, a major component of the criminal justice system. Correctional authorities play a crucial role in rehabilitating offenders and facilitating their transition back to the society. The role places huge ethical demands on correctional personnel. This paper outlines ethical requirements for correctional officers. First, a comprehensive job description of correctional officers is offered,… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

1.  Explain how a criminal justice agency can ensure that it hires moral individuals. criminal justice leaders are public servants responsible to their community. This responsibility, together with the huge amount of control and influence they have, necessitates that they display superior levels of ethical and moral conduct. Ethical practice guidelines remind criminal justice heads to realize the divide between integrity and friendship; corporate objectives and adeptness and client interests; between personal prejudices, interests, and views and professional values. In this respect, all law enforcement leaders are required to refrain from… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

the psychological aspects of disaster preparedness, but am more interested and concerned with criminal justice generally. Therefore, I narrowed down my selection of the scenarios mainly because of personal interest and curiosity about the subject matter, which motivates my desire to conduct the research necessary to write a proposal and complete the report. Scenario Two described involving false confessions raises several points about the ethics of criminal justice, and how officers lie in order to extract information from suspects or witnesses. That information should not be admissible in court but sometimes is because of the defendant's lack of access… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Designs

weaknesses of the design. The paper also examines the relevance of the design to criminal justice agencies. The mixed methods design has a number of components. The first step is to define the design (Creswell, 2014). This is particularly important as the design is quite new in research revolving around social and human disciplines. Defining the design gives the reader a comprehensive understanding of the core attributes associated with the design. This entails describing the collection, analysis, and interpretation of qualitative and quantitative data. It also involves describing the timing of data collection as well as the theory and… Continue Reading...

Communicating Qualitative Research Analysis

utilized to generate reliable conclusions regarding the issue under investigation. Relationship between these Aspects and criminal justice Research The evaluation and interpretation of criminal justice data and research findings is a process that is geared towards making judgments relating to the suitability, effectiveness, and efficiency of programs or initiatives in the criminal justice field. Research in the criminal justice field is geared towards providing assessment and analysis of crime and offer strategies for reducing crime (Garrison, 2009). Therefore, during the evaluation and interpretation of criminal justice data and research findings, it's important to consider several important aspects, especially in qualitative… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

extant literature (Creswell, 2014). These two aspects have important implications for criminal justice research. For instance, using qualitative research designs such as case study, ethnography, and phenomenology places the researcher in a better position to understand the psychological and behavioural characteristics of a certain criminal or type of criminals. More fundamentally, understanding the distinct nature of qualitative research enable consumers of research to more appropriately interpret published research findings. They interpret those findings oblivious of the fact that they may not be readily generalised beyond the subjects included in the study. These two tenets would be relevant in answering a… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

..... criminal justice system protects the public from criminals and criminal activity by investigating, catching, and thwarting crime. Although some countries have similar methods of punishing criminals and preventing crime, many countries have different methods and strategies. Norway has its own way of handling criminals and criminal investigations that often involves a decentralized police and investigative force. The United States operates via tiered system: federal, state, and local (Cole, Smith, & DeJong, 2013). England offers a tiered system as well, with most investigative efforts… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Issues

.....abuse and/or neglect of children and the elderly is a major issue in the American criminal justice system because of increased prevalence of such cases. However, getting accurate information regarding the extent of child and elder abuse is increasingly challenging in the United States. Some of the major issues contributing to this problem include the fact that most child and elder abuse cases are not reported, misreporting of these cases, seeming inability of victims to report the cases, and the fact that most perpetrators are caregivers. Children and senior adults are more likely to be victims of abuse,… Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

the chosen organization: Florida Gang Investigators Association. In the U.S. criminal justice system, an estimated half of workers are employed at the local level. The rest are employed at federal and state levels. Although managers do not exist within the context of private businesses, there are supervisory staff that oversee the actions of employees in government organizations. Management grants power to influence others (Allen & Sawhney, 2015). This power does not come from the respect and admiration of subordinates, but through the promise of monetary gain and position within the organization. Subordinates follow management orders because they are paid to.… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

government office. Politics influence law enforcement and corrections by impacting the individuals that will hold different positions in criminal justice, for instance the police, judges, prosecutors as well as correctional executives. Law enforcement, administration, and corrections are linked with politics on various extents and levels. Prevailing political philosophy and ideology influence the structure, organization, as well as anticipation of a society's criminal justice organization. As a result, these institutions impact the manners in which criminal law is implemented and administered and corrections put into place (Law Library, 2017). Police agencies are part and parcel of the law enforcement. In… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

of Economics (2014). Birkbeck, Christopher. "Media Representations of Crime and criminal justice." Criminology and criminal justice, Communities and Crime (2014). Online. Brown, Brittini. Is the Media Altering Our Perceptions of Crime? 11 March 2015. 5 June 2017. Francisco, Joycelyn and Christian Chenier. "A comparison of large urban, small urban and rural crime rates." Canadian Center for Justice Statistics (2007). Gonzalaez, Alma. "Education: The Secret to Crime Reduction?. " PhD Thesis. 2015. Lochner, Lance and Enrico Moretti. "The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports." 2003. Machin, Stephen, Olivier Marie and Suncica Vujic. "The Crime Reducing… Continue Reading...

Punitive and Correctional System in the United States

system in the United states of America in contrast with the German, Norwegian and Netherlands systems. • Introduction to US criminal justice system • A general outlook of the German, Norway, and Netherlands criminal justice system • A thesis statement Similarities Opening statement Classification of prisons • security levels • Prisons differentiated based on age, and sex. Operations within incarceration facilities • Compulsory work duties and vacations • Compensation for work Access to amenities • Leisure activities • Education and skill improvement opportunities Differences Opening statement Basic and foundational principle of the criminal justice system, • Rates of imprisonment •… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

on prosecuting seemingly some class base to criminal activity. Unwillingness to resort to the criminal justice process only appears in the case of assaults. The fundamental change in the relationship of the victim to the criminal justice process ultimately resulted from the emergence of the 'new' police, this also played a part in the demise of theses associations. Examples of legislative changes include the increase in the reimbursement to prosecutors in 1818 and 1826 and the abolition of capital punishment for a property offense, this were all designed in part as an encouragement for people to use the prosecution… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

true that there is a finite amount of money from the public coffers that can be used for criminal justice. Further, there is a widespread feeling that a lot of the money spent on criminal justice matters is done to excess and is wasted. The criminals that “age out” or people going to jail for very non-violent felonies is another. However, there is the other consideration of public safety and the rights of the common person to not have their life, liberty and freedom disrupted due to the criminal actions of someone else. Indeed, some people hold property crime… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Darryl Hunt\'s Case

before his release in 2004. This case has had significant impacts on the criminal justice system with regards to rape and murder cases. Analysis of Hunt’s Case Darryl Hunt’s case is an example of a wrongful conviction and sentencing of an individual for a crime he did not commit. The wrongful conviction and sentencing of Darryl Hunt for Sykes’ murder was seemingly influenced by racial division/bigotry in the jury. Despite DNA evidence raising significant doubts on Hunt’s involvement in Sykes’ murder, the failure by the criminal justice to release him for another 10 years raised more concerns regarding justice… Continue Reading...

Careers in Criminal Justice and Prospects

and job hunting is for me now, I have already made some contacts in the criminal justice field. Working as an intern and as assistant have helped me to acquire some on-the-job training that will prove helpful when I land my first job, whether in Missouri or another state. I will not be a completely inexperienced young graduate, but someone whose resume speaks for itself. I will have solid grades and some credentials as a new corrections officer. That being said, the starting salaries for my target position are low. Increasing numbers of graduates do have to accept part… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

Ethics in Law Enforcement. https://opentextbc.ca/ethicsinlawenforcement/chapter/8-1-police-culture/ Nhan, J. (2014). Police culture. The Encyclopedia of Criminology and criminal justice. DOI: 10.1002/9781118517383.wbeccj371 “Police Culture,” (n.d.). http://sociologyindex.com/police_culture.htm “The Police Culture,” (n.d.). https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/38432_4.pdf “The Police Culture and Work Stress,” (n.d.). https://us.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/77481_cox_ch_8.pdf Yan, H. & Mier, A. (2016). States require more training time to become a barber than a police officer. CNN. 28 Sept 2016. https://www.cnn.com/2016/09/28/us/jobs-training-police-trnd/index.html Continue Reading...

The History Of Crime in the United States America

politicians who promise to protect them too. Likewise, fear enables government allocation of resources to things like criminal justice. In the absence of the Cold War, the media also had a vacuum to fill and filled it promptly with imagery of ordinary crime. Without communism as the enemy, Americans turned to ordinary crime as the new focal point. It was as if Americans genuinely wanted something to fear, and their attention was easily fixated on the news media and its portrayal of rising crime rates. If the public believes that crime is on the rise, citizens start to demand… Continue Reading...