Culture Essays


Globalization Essay

Globalization: Advantages, Disadvantages and Concerns This essay discusses globalization and how social commentators and historians act like globalization is a new concept, but it’s not. It’s something that has occurred between nations for as long as nations have interacted. According to the SUNY Levin institute, “Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development, and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world (2018). Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

This essay examines the meaning of culture and provides several possible titles and topics that may be used as starting points for developing a paper on culture. It discusses the definition of culture, how culture is developed, and how cultures change. It shows how cultural identity and cultural differences are formed and how culture diversity is a fact of life. It also explains why in spite of diverse cultures commonly existing in one group there is usually a dominant culture that comes to the fore and is promoted… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

in Confucius' time is significantly distinct from a morally exemplary one in Aristotelian culture. In the Confucian view, a person is defined progressively. It was knit around the observation that a human being isn't essentially who people are, but rather who they continually strive to become. It explains that no human is born with inherent and unalterable attribute. Such a human being transforms and becomes better in phases as they relate with others. When people fail to follow suit, they are qualified to be brutes in their selfishness. The Confucian view emerges from earlier Chinese tradition that portrayed the… Continue Reading...

Political Structures in the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

world's oldest and greatest civilizations and has a rich, 5000-year-old history is China. The Chinese culture can be traced back to an assortment of small, early tribes that grew to become modern-day China (Chafilwa, 2012). According to Ahmed (2015), after the Han dynasty's disorganized and divided reign came to an end, the country experienced a period of preeminence beginning from 589 C.E. From 589 to 1279 C.E., it underwent reunification, achievement, chaos and renaissance. The Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties are credited with being the main chronological contributors to the aforementioned phases.   The Sui Dynasty This empire ruled… Continue Reading...

The Workplace and Corporate Culture Of Honeywell

Honeywell's organizational culture emphasizes attention to detail as part of the firm's commitment to excellence, growth, and consumer satisfaction. There are four pillars to Honeywell's organizational culture and the first and foremost is the one that focuses squarely on the employee's need to pay close attention to everything that he or she is expected to do. This includes having leaders who are able to adapt across cultures and be responsive to the complex needs of others who live and work outside the immediate circumference in which the director, leader,… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Job Satisfaction and Leadership

other employees (Ardala R. Jackson, Jennifer L. Alberti, & Robin L. Snipes, 2014). Workplace culture Many researchers on organizational behavior argue that the massive entry of "Generation Y" workers into the workforce is likely to change workplace attitudes and culture, making the workplace more female-oriented in terms of culture and leadership characteristics. There will be emphasis on empathy, nurturing relationships, work-life balance and empathy. The workplace is continuously changing and there is need for new research to help organizations cope with these changes. More women are earning their place as managers and there are more feminine traits being adopted in… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

come into being and persist in surviving through "human culture and human decisions." Race constructivists receive the disbelievers' notice of biological race nonetheless argue that the term still expressively refers to the broad grouping of persons into specific categories by society, indeed frequently by the very members of such racial attributions. However, in this case, according to the article, it relates to gender involving black women. Structural approaches are described as a condition where one category of individuals has credited an unsatisfactory status about other groups of people. In the article, it would refer to gender involving black women.… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

among diverse persons -- whether diverse in gender or in culture/nationality -- presents some difficulty. This paper will discuss the relation of EI to Leadership Styles according to research that has been conducted in the field. As Quader (2011) notes, EI can be defined by five elements or qualities: "Self-Awareness, Managing Emotion, Self-Motivation, Relating Well, and Emotional Mentoring" (p. 1). Yet not all practitioners of EI and leadership have all five elements at the same time. Quader's (2011) study showed that women actually scored higher in showing the qualities of Relating Well and Emotional Mentoring. Men, on the other… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction

touted as the more successful leadership style in its culture. It is assumed that a masculine leadership style is a hallmark of a rigid approach, driven by productivity and objectivity, and has its eyes cast on the end result (Jackson et al., 2014). Such gender stereotypes that women are warm, soft, caring and nurturing, juxtaposed with the stereotype that men are rough, competitive and authoritarian seem to be fueling the perceptions and practiced universally. The truth, though, is that women are just as effective in leadership as men are. There is a close relationship in the definitions of a… Continue Reading...

Effect Of Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

& Korabik, 2010). Research scholars recognize the broad significance of culture and situational contingencies as contextual factors governing leadership, whilst also presenting leadership or governance as a largely gender-neutral phenomenon. As of 2010, the labor force of the U.S. comprised of approximately 72 million women (aged 16+); i.e., 58.6% of American females above 16 years were employed, with 40% of the working female population either in professional or managerial roles (Jackson, Alberti & Snipes, 2014). In this paper, gender's impact on personnel job satisfaction and leadership approach will be studied, by reviewing scholarly literature on the subject.   Gender… Continue Reading...

Leaders Direction for Organization During Change

be an impediment to progress. This step will ensure that an organization culture that enables the organization achieve its goals is adopted. To review the effectiveness and suitability of the structure, the following will be looked at periodically: • Operating model: this shall define the organization's operating philosophy as well as structure. • Performance management: involves risk management, metrics development, and cost/savings tracking. • Supply chain business processes: defines the structure of the organization's procurement process. • Change management: details how employees will be trained, stakeholders managed and how role transition is handled. • Value acceleration: identify and act… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Change Management

consider when crafting the vision, one of the most significant aspects is the culture of the organisation. Whereas there is no universally accepted definition, the notion of culture basically denotes a set of values, beliefs, norms, principles, standards, and practices that are common to an organization (Flamholtz & Randle, 2011). An organisation's culture is often crucial for guiding its vision. It dictates important processes and elements such as management and leadership style, management-employee relationship, employee-employee relationships, as well as how an organisation relates with its key stakeholders such as customers, suppliers, shareholders, and the society (Simerson, 2011). Essentially, cultureContinue Reading...

Enlightenment

(p. xi). The reason for this is that though Enlightenment has inculcated a culture of reason, it has simultaneously undermined morality (Rasmussen 3). Rasmussen further points out that Enlightenment has weakened religion and tradition without providing alternatives save for what he terms as a "misguided confidence in reason" (p. 3). Instead of championing for a reformation of the existing traditions, advocates of Enlightenment envisaged a new society where faith and tradition would have no place. While the contribution made by reason to the advancement of the world in all spheres - from political to economic and social -- cannot… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

people treat the disabled employee upon hire. While much of the overall outlook is grim, a strong organizational culture that is installed and enforced properly via the following of social justice and similar principles can be a tool to make the disabled workers feel more welcome rather than as an outcast or someone that is not as worthy or capable. Analysis One seminal work on the matter noted in the introduction that shall be covered in-depth in this report is that of Spataro. When it comes to organizational culture and how/why it focuses on diversity, he gives three types… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Fatness in America Body Image

make for a greater understanding of my topic and how it relates to American body culture. In the last six decades obese people have faced discrimination in American society because of their physical appearance. Typically, society has categorized obese people as unhealthy individuals; their appearance causes discomfort; they are viewed pessimistically by employers and their career opportunities as a result have been limited. While more than 27% of the American population is obese, the federal government does nothing to prevent employment discrimination against obese or overweight people. The focus of this paper will be to analyze the issue of… Continue Reading...

Relational Mental Model

culture Different countries or regions around the world tend to be characterized by different shared values, beliefs, norms, and practices (Dorfman et al., 2012). Simply, culture differs from country to country, or region to region. These differences mean that behavioral tendencies often differ from culture to culture. Indeed, the underlying national or societal culture significantly influences how individuals behave (Dorfman et al., 2012). It dictates how people interact and communicate with one another. For instance, Anglo-Americans tend to behave differently from… Continue Reading...

What Makes a Good Company Culture at Starbucks

Starbucks culture Starbucks has emerged as one of the most prominent and talked-about countries in the United States and perhaps even the world. One of the primary drivers of their achievement and performance is there very strong and heavily enforced company culture. Some people are wont to malign company cultures like Starbucks but there is no denying where it has gotten the company. This brief report shall explore key elements of the corporate culture of Starbucks, the effectiveness of Starbucks when it comes to their… Continue Reading...

Living Abroad in the United Kingdom

Anglia Ruskin University -- is the wide range of culture that students can experience. Still, this benefit is probably most reinforced at the London campus, as this righteously international city plays host to so many different areas of interest in life. Students can experience the thrill of international football at any of the illustrious soccer clubs in the city including Chelsea or Arsenal, as well as attend international matches at the world-famous Wembley Stadium. True adventurers can cap the night with a foray to any of the many restaurants that specialize in either local cuisine (fish and chips, anyone),… Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

can be personal, or one-on-one, or structural in nature, embedded in institutionalized practices, organizational culture, and norms of leadership, communication, and acquisition of power (Brukmuller, Ryan, Haslam & Peters, 2013; Bilkis, Habib & Sharmin, 2010). Likewise, Marchiondo, Ran, & Cortina (2015) classify four types of discrimination: "interpersonal discrimination, aversive racism, everyday discrimination, and selective incivility," (p. 47). The literature also shows that discrimination is about "perceived effectiveness" and is not based on measurable differences in the actual effectiveness of employees (Paustian-Underdahl, Walker & Woehr, 2014). Subordinate employees are therefore rated as being less effective than they are, and discrimination… Continue Reading...

Aboriginal Perspective and the Secret River

the aboriginal people is the claiming and use of the land. The western culture of ownership did not exist within the Aboriginal nation. Within the aboriginal culture land has a completely different meaning, it has a life of its own, and rather than belonging to people, people belong to the land with a spiritual, social and physical connection to that land (Clarke, 2014). A key element is the perception of land as a mother, with aboriginals having a responsibility to care for the health of the land and water on that land (Pettit, 2015). When aboriginal people, with a… Continue Reading...

Character Analysis Of Emily in Rose for Emily

Emily was both vilified and revered in the contradictory culture of the American South. Ultimately, readers learn more about Southern attitudes, culture, and social norms than about Emily herself in Faulkner's story. The townspeople come across as being narrow-minded, lacking in compassion. They turn a blind eye to Emily's suffering, not caring whether she lives or dies and allowing her to kill herself. The townspeople feel pity for Emily but not empathy, as she is an outlier in the community. As a reader, my feelings and attitudes about Emily are conflicted. I sympathize with a woman who feels alone… Continue Reading...

Culture and Organization

employee wellbeing. An important factor that influences the nature of social interactions at the workplace is culture. culture, which denotes the beliefs, values, norms, and practices common to a certain group of people, generally dictates the group's behaviour, perceptions, and attitudes (Henrich, 2015). It influences how people interact with one another, how they create relationships, how they communicate, how they conduct work, their approach to solving problems, and so on. culture affects literally every aspect of human life. This means that the nature of social interaction in an organisation would most likely reflect the underlying culture preference. In an individualistic… Continue Reading...

Business Leadership and Organizational Change

are other important issues that should be paid attention to. These include management commitment, effective communication, and organisational culture. Management commitment is a particularly vital success factor as far as change management is concerned. Change management literature extensively reiterates the influential role of the management or leadership in the change process (Kotter & Schlesinger, 2008; Hayes, 2014). Indeed, change management starts at the top. The CEO or the most authoritative figure in the organisation should provide the necessary support, guidance, and motivation if the change initiative is to be successful. Whenever there is a change, everyone in the organisation… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

p. 454). Discrimination can be personal, or one-on-one, or structural in nature, embedded in institutionalized practices, organizational culture, and norms of leadership, communication, and acquisition of power (Brukmuller, Ryan, Haslam & Peters, 2013; Bilkis, Habib & Sharmin, 2010). Likewise, Marchiondo, Ran, & Cortina (2015) classify four types of discrimination: "interpersonal discrimination, aversive racism, everyday discrimination, and selective incivility," (p. 47). The literature also shows that discrimination is about "perceived effectiveness" and is not based on measurable differences in the actual effectiveness of employees (Paustian-Underdahl, Walker & Woehr, 2014). Subordinate employees are therefore rated as being less effective than they… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

mitigate or reverse the effects of these results unless there is a nationwide policy change to law enforcement organizational culture and training. Fatalities at the hands of police have been estimated to be higher than they are for the general public, which should be grave cause for concern (Chaney and Robertson 480). Also alarming is the fact that police killings of civilians are not kept track of in any systematic way. The Department of Justice, the most natural agency that would keep track of police killings, does not maintain a federal database that would help researchers understand the extent… Continue Reading...

Residential Schools in Canada for the Aborigines

to have any immediate impact. Most of the people were attacked to the Canadian culture, which did not suppose them to be educated in the western lifestyle (Fontaine, 2010). A transformation was necessary to be offered in a universal way and hence education as, in some way, likely to be forced on the people. Creating residential schools was a better solution to this problem (Niezen, 2013). The indigenous Canadian culture is a massive culture that is deep-rooted in the lives of the people. This culture is transmitted from one individual to another through their interactive participation in the elements… Continue Reading...

Role Of Confucianism in Art in China

has been a central and defining feature of Chinese art and culture. It therefore makes sense that Confucian values and ideals would be reflected in Chinese art throughout the past several millennia. Even when Confucian principles are blended or confounded with the principles of Daoism and Buddhism, the Confucian themes of law, order, structure, and hierarchy become salient. Moral rectitude in the Confucian model means ascription to a patriarchal social order, and obedience to authority. Perhaps the most obvious way Confucian moral precepts are depicted in art is through the careful ordering of the world evident in Chinese scroll… Continue Reading...

Cross Cultural Impact Of China on Vietnam Today

the next 900 years. During these ten centuries, the Vietnamese people were heavily influenced by several aspects of Chinese culture and society, including its political theories, academic standards, administrative practices for government operation and religious orientations. As a result, Vietnam became sinicized long before other regions in Southeast Asia that are now a part of China. It is important to note, though, that this dependency on China also served to create a sense of national identity in the Vietnamese people. For instance, the author notes that, "Chinese rule gave the Vietnamese people -- through the imposition of Chinese social,… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

both an alarmingly swift societal transformation as well as contests the commonly-maintained beliefs regarding the American culture. Moreover, it might be a sign of the century-old secularization-related prophecies coming true. Such a drastic shift could have various underlying factors, including growing religious skepticism, the 90's blend of religion and politics, and demographic movements (Hout and Claude 165). No religious preference might be on the rise because of demographic transformations. Religion goes along the traditional family lifecycle. Individuals often get disconnected from their organized religion at the time of leaving the home they were raised in and end up reattaching… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Art 21st Century Asia

in general. Throughout the 20th century, Korean art aimed to celebrate the history and uniqueness of Korean culture. Japanese 21st century art represents a radical shift in aesthetics and artistic ideology. The whimsical work by Takashi Murakami epitomizes the 21st century Japanese zeitgeist. With postmodernist flair and meta-criticism of popular culture, Takashi Murakami incorporates some of the pop art elements of the American 1960s as with his "And Then..." series, depicting a Mickey Mouse-like head in multifaceted new ways. "Tan Tan Bo - In Communication" is one of the artist's most recent works, and it is filled with lively… Continue Reading...

Diversity and Cultural Assessment

be used as an effective tool for influencing organizational culture. Followers see an inspirational leader as more beneficial than a transactional leader across any cultural setting. However certain behaviors leaders may perform within one context may be motivating to the team (Indonesia), but in another may come across as bragging (Japan). Awareness of cultural differences is essential in producing the kind of effectual leadership needed across multiple cultures to build an effectual international leadership pipeline. Cultural style can dictate ethically, a leader's use of authority, influence and power. However, per researchers of a 2014 cross-cultural study of effectiveness and… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture and Communication

is no indication of where the multinational organization is based, which would impact its core organizational culture and vision. Second, the question assumes homogeneity among people considered "Eastern" and "Western." These are value-laden as well as outmoded binaries. Moreover, an Eastern person can be Indian or Chinese, or Korean, or any number of other Asian cultures with completely different attitudes and practices regarding power, influence, authority, and leadership styles. For example, Indian leaders and American leaders both tend to be "hard drivers," but one is technically "Eastern" and one is "Western," according to this binary (Bersin, 2012). The "Western"… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

means to be a moral person. However, the Japanese also incorporated Buddhist concepts into their culture -- and these focused on the metaphysical side of nature and how to define reality (or unreality). These two systems of thought, along with Taoism, molded Japan for hundreds of years. By the time Neo-Confucianism arrived, the Japanese were ready to address the issues that the schools left unresolved. Buddhism presented life as basically unreal and that nirvana was the real reality. Confucianism taught values about society and how to respect life, but it did not provide satisfactory answers to some of life's… Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

that had for many years served as the bedrock of Chinese culture. Confucius supported these traditional concepts -- such as devotion to family, respect for ancestors and older persons, and what has been called the Golden Rule -- i.e., one should treat others that way that one wants to be treated. Confucius himself was neither a commoner nor an aristocrat. His family's class was between the two -- so he was afforded the opportunity of seeing how both lived by looking from the outside in. He developed an objective manner that enabled him to see things clearly and for… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Managerial Skills

information professionals: The ability to communicate well, empower employees, and navigate the political culture can make the difference between success and failure in organizations. Information Outlook, 14(5), 33-35. Singh, A. (2013, March). Achieving sustainability through internal communication and soft skills. IUP Journal of Soft Skills, 7(1), 21-24. Sondak, A. (1991, December). Upward delegation - It's alive and well. Supervisory Management, 36(12), 7. Whetton, D. A. & Cameron, K. S. (2010). Developing management skills. New York: Prentice Hall. Continue Reading...

Organizational Change and Leadership Effectiveness

any leader. The most important feature of change management for any leader is the alignment of company culture and its behaviors to suit desired outcomes. Therefore, change management depends on setting strategic goals and objectives first, and then managing change incrementally. As Jones, Aguirre & Calderone (2014) put it, "plans themselves do not capture value; value is realized only through the sustained, collective actions" of the organization's members. This is especially true in large organizations, but change management strategies and philosophies apply to organizations of all sizes and types. When leaders are managing long-term major changes in their organization, they… Continue Reading...

Business Organization Questions

good decisions," (p. 1). Empowerment happens over time, creating an organizational culture that supports its employees, refrains from micromanagement, and offers a combination of role clarity and flexibility that refrains from limiting the scope of each person's contributions to the organization. When employees are empowered, they can make decisions that fit in with the big picture of the organization, or at least the big picture of its department's goals. One example of how empowerment can help an organization is when the organization is facing external pressures and strains. Forced to change or adapt to the situation, the organization can… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Communication Skills

in all necessary and needed forms is vital and one must consider culture and gender when it comes to the same Principles and Barriers to Communication There are both guidelines and barriers to good communication Examples include when to say something, why to say something, how to say something and what can get in the way of all of the above Examples will be given of all of the above Role of Communication In self-concept, self-image and self-esteem How you see yourself impacts how you speak and how you react to others How you feel you stand compared to… Continue Reading...

Facets Of a Good Leader

be consistent progress towards that mission (Northouse, 2014). Team Structure, culture, Process & Role of Leadership Yet another thing that the author of this response and summary learned is that there is more than one of doing things. However, the leadership behind a structure, the structure of the teams themselves, the corporate culture in question and so forth all have to be aligned and in sync. People that are disagreeing with the way things are can voice their concerns and issues but they might simply not be a good fit for the firm. The author of this report has scored… Continue Reading...

Personal Versus Professional Values

not harassed when it comes to their personal beliefs and culture. In the vast majority of cases, this is entirely possible and practical even if it is hard for some people to avoid passing judgment. Social workers and people in other fields such as healthcare and the like have to commit to this ideology much more so than others as the likelihood that they will run into patients or clients of differing cultures or belief structures is likely. However, those workers need to realize that faith, culture and so forth is the choice and freedom of the people involved… Continue Reading...

Oreo\'s Entry into China and India

Because these two cultures were different from the American culture that had made the cookie famous in the U.S. (and each different from one another), Oreo had to consider how best to approach these two markets in order to make its product a worldwide success. Both countries represented enormous market opportunities for the company -- and each posed their own unique obstacles. China, for instance, was not traditionally a cookie eating nation; India was the biggest cookie eating nation. The former demanded a longer term strategy than the latter simply because of the Chinese orientation to cookies in general… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Change at Fedex

and the organisation's current resources and capabilities, weaknesses, degree of acceptance of change, ability to manage change, culture, communication processes, as well as flexibility and responsiveness (Biech, 2007). There are numerous tools that can be used to assess an organisation's readiness for change. Nonetheless, two useful tools include the Organisational Change Readiness Assessment (OCRA) tool and the change readiness predictor. The OCRA tool provides a general assessment of the organisation's willingness or eagerness of the change based on information from a wide variety of people drawn from all levels of the organisation, from top management to middle management and… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

in relation to Vathek 1. Cultural appropriation encompasses espousing the aspects on of one culture by members of a different culture. One of the apparent aspects of cultural appropriation encompasses the fact that the book is written by an English novelist yet the book is set in a Muslim context. More so, the book was originally written in French. Therefore, it takes into account a tradition of French literature, yet delineates Muslim culture. This takes into account the fact that Vathek includes djinns. The story simply appropriates the manner in which the Arabian culture perceived djinns and Beckford is not… Continue Reading...

Culture Leadership and Organizations

when choosing a model in a forthcoming cross-cultural merger is the cultural aloofness that exists between my organization's culture and the other company. The fundamental reason for doing so is because in instances of a merger, joint venture or acquisition, more often than not, the players from one end of the merging organization hold dissimilar perspectives, beliefs and points of view of the organizational culture (Graen, 2006). Therefore, by getting into a joint venture, merger or acquisition devoid of comprehensively integrating the differing cultural views, then the chances of having a successful merger or acquisition become minimal (Denison et… Continue Reading...

Comparing Different Cultural Views on Aging

a great cycle in which life, death and rebirth are norms. The Hindu culture believes that if a person is good in his or her life, he or she will be reborn as something better in the next life and that if he or she is not so good, the outcome will be the opposite -- the next life will be something worse (Metcalfe, Metcalfe, 2012). This is the idea of reincarnation that is a major belief in the Hindu culture. Because believers want a better life after they die, they are mindful to be respectful to others in… Continue Reading...

Analyzing a Workplace Culture

Organizational culture of NYU Langone Medical Center As a non-traditional volunteer intern at NYU Langone Medical Center from September to December 2016, I obtained a first-hand look at the organization's culture. My objective as a student intern was to develop my communication and problem-solving skills by shadowing various employees at the center and performing tasks appropriate to my skill-level and background. What I discerned in terms of workplace culture came by way of conversations with employees at Langone, observations of interactions… Continue Reading...

Health Services Internships at Langone Medical

that are identified by researchers as being instrumental in promoting a positive workplace culture and environment (Cacamis, Asmar, 2014; Schyns, Schilling, 2013). Emotional and social intelligence are also effective assets when conducting interviews and I was able to utilize them to develop interview techniques throughout the internship as well. By placing interviewees at ease upon interpreting their body language and responding with words and body language of my own that would help calm their nerves or give them the confidence to answer honestly, I strengthened my interview techniques considerably. My work impacted the intern site in numerous ways: at… Continue Reading...

Strategic Planning

therefore create obstacles in the implementation of strategic plans (Latif et al., 2013). 5. Business culture Effective execution of strategic plans calls for a business to change its culture. If the organizational culture does not offer such support, the implementation will be limited solely towards generic strategic plans rather than specific strategic plans necessitated by the organization to deal with challenges (Latif et al., 2013). Why an organization would benefit from not utilizing strategic planning As outlined above, strategic planning has several benefits to the organization not only in the short run, but also in the long run. However, there… Continue Reading...

Role Of Inclusive Leadership in Strengthening Organizational Culture

from, corporate leaders. Hence, this paper aims at determining an inclusive leadership approach's contribution to reinforcing corporate culture within a diverse international workforce, having individuals hailing from the US, Germany, Greece, Iran and Singapore. An overview of the traits of inclusive leadership Commitment: Developing an inclusive, assorted workforce requires commitment of corporate leaders' energy and time, which are the two elements most important for them. Besides having faith in the proposed undertaking, an inclusive manager will be guided by his/her ideals, which include a profound sense of justice that, in case of certain individuals, is imbedded in individual experience.… Continue Reading...

How Cultures Influence Teams

House from the University of Pennsylvania conceived of a large-scale international study of culture, leadership, and organizational practices in the early 1990s, and since that time the Global Leadership & Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness (GLOBE) project has expanded to more than 200 researchers from 62 countries and has become one of the largest, most prestigious and most comprehensive studies of its kind in the social sciences (GLOBE, N.d.). The organization has published prolifically since its inception and well respected in the field. The group has also published a cohort of research that has identified nine different cultural competencies that are… Continue Reading...

Mcdonald\'s

participate in what is traditional and cultural. It seems the article uses ritual to introduce the notion of tradition and culture in McDonald's. Through uniformity and consistency, some anthropologists define the act of getting food from McDonald's as a ritual. Like football and the act of cheering for a team. These actions can be interpreted as ritual because they carry meaning. "On one level McDonald's is a mundane, secular institution- just a place to eat- but on another it assumes some of the attributes of a sacred place" (Kottak, 1978, p. 523). Looking at the behavioral uniformity experienced at McDonald's… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Crisis

the market, but it also leaves it with palpable flaws (Ferrazzi, 2015). This methodology to organizational culture is out-of-date, obsolete and indecisive as it leaves a great deal of workers not part of the functioning decisions, unappreciated and not dependable. This causes employees not to be contented in articulating their apprehensions and organizational features to their supervisors, therefore are not stimulated to place the company's well-being first. This can be perceived in the fact that VW employees failed to report the unethical undertakings to their supervisors and did not place the well-being of the company first (Ferrazzi, 2015). What… Continue Reading...

Improving Healthcare Practitioner Communication Skills

in healthcare organizations and that the type of organizational culture that is in place will have an enormous impact on how well the quality improvement process is accomplished. Likewise, recent trends in innovative healthcare information technologies have provided healthcare practitioners with a broad array of tools that can be used to improve the quality of healthcare services and the efficiency with which these services are delivered. 2. What was challenging in these exercises? Working with others in a group to achieve a common goal can be an especially challenging experience, especially if there are already interpersonal differences between other… Continue Reading...

Democracy and Pluralism

its appropriation of other fairly more democratic reasons. The permeation of political culture, society and the state with market logic serves to successfully separate political culture and governance matters from political democracy. Take into consideration the following statement: with commercial servicing barriers like class becoming dramatically depoliticized, neoliberals' demand for an equal right of inequality has been newly legitimated, thus putting the official democratic obligation to egalitarianism on the back burner. Neoconservatives consider themselves the custodians and supporters of a possibly disappearing history as well as present, a honorable safeguard against loss, and counsel against earnest competitors for a… Continue Reading...

Culture and Identity in Everyday Use

.....characters come into conflict with the culture in which they live. What interests you most about this prompt and why? This prompt interests me because I like stories about conflict -- stories in which characters clash with their surroundings. It is very easy to connect with stories like this, as I often feel like separate from much of what goes on around me. Stories of culture are also very interesting because they are full of history and people, stories and humanity -- and I am very interested in the human experience, what it means to be… Continue Reading...

World History

less overwhelming to pupils. Periodization offers a plan to interweave economy, culture and technology, and aids pupils in dealing with the notion of change, whilst not being overcome by simple determinism.[footnoteRef:11] [11:. Peter N. Stearns, "Periodization in World History Teaching: Identifying the Big Changes," The History Teacher 20, No. 4 (1987): 561-580, http://www.jstor.org/stable/493757.] Bibliography Bentley, H. Jerry, A Companion to Western Historical Thought. Edited by Lloyd Kramer and Sarah Maza. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 2002. Bentley, H. Jerry, Civilization as a Global Project: Sedentary and Nomadic Societies in Cross-Cultural History. Edited by Susan Porter Benson, Stephen Brier, and Roy Rosenzweig.… Continue Reading...

Comparison Of the Theme Of “granny” and “shame Amah”

In this circumstances, Chang made a choice whether to accept the " culture of ideology and poetics culture" that involved manipulating literature to satisfy a given society. As Barker (2000) notes, "Insofar as power acts on the actions of the other, it incites, produces and engages the other in the possibility of both collusion and resistance" (p. 40). Facing this type of dilemma, Chang translated the Chinese story titled "Steamed Osmanthus Flower Ah Xiao's Unhappy Autumn" into the English "Shame, Amah!" (1962). The translation reflects her experience with the collusion with poetics and ideology of the culture and target language.… Continue Reading...

Athenian Women, Politics, and Plays

Athenian culture The connection between the development of Athenian culture and the development of Athenian democracy was intimate. culture and politics flowed together in Athens, as the philosophers (from Socrates to Aristotle), the playwrights (from Aeschylus to Euripides) and the statesmen (from Solon to Pericles) all played fundamental roles in shaping how both culture and democracy developed. The playwrights showed the importance of worship and of civic duty (Aristophanes in particularly emphasized the duty that Athenians had in civic matters) and Solon and Pericles were… Continue Reading...

Literary Work

list of prompts.) Prompt 2: 'In some stories, characters come into conflict with the culture in which they live.' For this literary assignment, I have chosen Prompt 2, which explains that the characters of some tales enter into discord with their surrounding culture. Usually, a character may feel estranged and different from the society on account of his/her ethnic/racial group, sex, or social class. What interests you most about this prompt and why? The above prompt interests me as it addresses the subject of heritage and culture. Modern-day individuals depict greater cultural sensitivity and awareness and are more mindful of… Continue Reading...

Confucian Virtues and Gender

Yet, even despite the evolution of the Chinese religious preferences, the impact that Confucianism had on the collective culture can still be felt in many aspects of Chinese society today. The impact of the Western world's scientific and technological achievements is undoubtedly one of the primary factors in the evolution in the Chinese ideology as it attempted to reconcile new discoveries with age old traditions. The West, after the Enlightenment, developed a fairly materialistic worldview that say nature as a mechanistic system, which in turn led to a range of discoveries involving the planet's natural phenomena. The Chinese, who… Continue Reading...

Leadership Culture in a Healthcare Organization

culture delineates the behavioral customs, mutual practices, common outlooks and beliefs that dictate any organization. The leadership culture of an organization is a distinctive and potent aspect of its organizational culture. Leaders can be considered to be the cultural designers and planners of any organization. In the end, an entity embraces and espouses the individualities and priorities of its leaders. Forming a culture of leadership is a fundamental constituent of an organization's capacity to grow and progress year over year. This is not an element that can be executed… Continue Reading...

Strategic Implementation

enough to make it a part of the fundamental values of the culture. How Chosen Tool (Work Gloves Create Change) is affected by Different Strategic Influences The chosen tool can be impacted by various strategic influences, both internal and external. One of the internal factors that would have an influence on the tool and strategic implementation is the organizational structure. According to Rajasekar (2014), organizational structures are essential for employees to act enthusiastically on the knowledge established to fashion and implement strategy. The organizational structure offers a visual explanation of two key aspects and these are the process of… Continue Reading...

Race Identity and the Ontology Philosophy Of Race

appearance, ancestry, self-awareness of ancestry, public awareness of ancestry, culture, experience, and self-identification," (Mills 50). The conflicts between these variables are experienced internally, from Ally's personal ontology, as well as socially, in how others view Ally. More interesting by far than Ally's case is the case of her family members who opt into an African-American identity because their conception of race is realist-constructivist. The family members have bought into the "one drop" mentality that Mills discusses, a mentality that plays on racial binaries. And in spite of the lower social status conferred upon African-Americans throughout United States history, Ally's… Continue Reading...

Toshiba Accounting Fraud Case Study

was going to not only investigate but begin the process of repairing the corporate culture. Accounting fraud cannot be linked strictly to Japanese factors. This was a persistent fraud that occurred over many years, but so was Enron. Accounting fraud of this type is more about organizational culture than national culture. There is no evidence to suggest that there was anything uniquely "Japanese" about this fraud -- it was managers wanting to cover up their lousy performance that led to the fraud. 3. A fraud-resistant culture requires everybody in the organization to work together to prevent frauds, and just… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

& Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new immigrants and perceived threats to an imaginary cohesiveness of the dominant culture -- something that is ironic given the heterogeneous nature of the United States. Given that 69% of Muslim children in USA attend a public school, it is also important to understand how schools and educators are responding to issues related to multiculturalism versus assimilation and how educators can help children mitigate problems personally as well as promote a more educated and culturally aware society in… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

of care development. African-American People: Literature Review A website called: 'Dimensions of culture', examines cultural patterns existent in many African-American communities. Those that recently immigrated from Africa show an even different culture compared to African-Americans that have lived in the United States for generations. One common cultural pattern experienced by African-Americans is the 'Black' Experience, which is diverse, representing a wide array of skin tones and backgrounds. The next is the social structure. The social structure often takes on a matriarchal tone although both mother and father can make decisions for the family (Dimensions of culture, 2017). African-American women are also… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

job burnout, poor compensation and benefits strategies, unsuitable organizational culture, ineffective leadership style, and poor decision-making. According to Sims (2002), managing misbehavior, individual stress, and conflicts in the workplace is a multidimensional process that requires the use of different strategies. Managers and leaders in an organization can manage these factors through several measures including the use of proper leadership styles/management techniques, teem meetings, and establishing effective communication channels (Sims, 2002). Additionally, organizations can effective manage misbehavior, stress, and conflicts through lessening uncertainties in the workplace and establishing appropriate assistance and wellness programs for employees. Thau, Aquino, Poortvliet (2007) argue… Continue Reading...

Cultural Aspects Of Being Deaf

Deaf culture In any given country, there is a dominant and prevailing culture that tends to be more pervasive than others. However, there are also cultures that are counter or parallel to the dominant culture. One of those common subcultures is that of deaf people. Even with the fact that deaf and hearing-impaired people live in the same dominant cultures as everyone else, they have to exist and act in a different way because they cannot hear well, if at all. As such, it is important to assess and review deaf… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

for future research and practice are included, and focus on changes to the workplace environment and to the organizational culture of healthcare. 9. The findings have limited generalizability, something that the authors seem minimally aware of as their confidence in their research remains strong throughout the article. Implications for Nursing Practice 10. First, the evidence provided in this article is applicable to my current and previous clinical settings, in which I have been both a victim and a perpetrator of workplace bullying as well as a witness to workplace aggression and a toxic work environment. Second, the author's discussion… Continue Reading...

Shared Values and Diverse Ideas in Healthcare Environment

to members of a particular organisation. Shared values comprise part of an organisation's culture and define what an organisation believes in (Schein, 2010). For instance, an organisation may believe in teamwork, integrity, customer-centeredness, community involvement, and so on. In any organisation, shared values are vital for integration, coordination, and control (Edington & Pitts, 2016). Integration means that members of a given organisation act in unison -- they behave in a similar manner. Coordination and control means that shared values serve as a valuable mechanism for organising, directing, and regulating organisational members. On the whole, shared values contribute to the… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

addressing environmental and social justice issues, the filmmakers instead choose to focus on organizational culture, leadership, and ethical decision making within the corporation. The film illustrates the core concepts of business ethics and shows how executives shape company values and behaviors. Disturbingly, the Enron case also shows how unethical corporate behavior is linked with unethical behavior in government. Summarize in one paragraph how you would explain Enron's ethical meltdown Enron's ethical meltdown is a result of two interrelated issues: unethical individuals making unethical decisions, and an organizational culture that enables unethical decisions to proliferate. The unethical decisions and behaviors… Continue Reading...

Chinese Stories About Cultural Hybridity

same time (the daughter is of the modern, Western world -- not of an ancient Eastern culture where "ghosts" are real). The relationship of the two is essentially told through the stories that Brave Orchid tells her daughter. The stories both bind and divide them. "Jing-Mei Woo" tells the story of a daughter who travels to China to experience her heritage and meet her long-lost siblings. During her travels she reflects on her own relationship with her now deceased mother and grows in empathy towards her mother. She better understands her mother and the callous way that she treated… Continue Reading...

Need for Cultural Change at an Organization

culture Shift There is something to be said for the idea that an excessive focus on culture and what makes people different is at some point counterproductive and less than conducive to progress. However, the ignorance of culture and differences between people is fairly to very unwise and it should also be kept in mind that having a strong, defined and proper company culture is necessary for a firm to operate and exist in the proper way. With that in mind, there are times and situations… Continue Reading...

Bill Brady Case Swot Analysis

Ben initiated his own plan without consulting Bill, indicative of organizational culture problems • Near the limit for Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulations for administering accounts prevents them from expanding • High administration costs (highest in the industry) • Impending to reduce staff (possibly through attrition and automation of some tasks) risks changing the organizational culture • Need to improve performance standards and appraisals but no clear method has yet been implemented Opportunities • Ben Sage has replaced the old leader, offering the potential for positive and creative change for the next generation. • The new efficiency review… Continue Reading...

Definition Of Organizational Culture

Organizational culture While reading the Cheney (2011) text, there are many themes and ideas relevant to organizational culture that are very important to absorb and consider. As noted by the assignment, the best and most relevant portion of the book comes in the fourth chapter, which starts on the 75th page. Within that sliver of the book, there is a wealth of information that could not and should not be missed by anyone that reviews it properly and fully. The important topics of that portion of the book and how they… Continue Reading...

Pros and Cons Of a Communication Strategy Nursing

Halm (2013) found that there were both sender-related and receiver-related problems in communication. Likewise, organizational culture issues were somewhat to blame for communications faults. Sender-related issues include offering too much or too little patient information during the handoff procedure. With higher quality and accuracy of information, the transitional periods would be more effective and patient-centric. Nurses on our team often demonstrate attentiveness problems because they are not encouraged to offer critical patient information that is not part of typical protocol. This occurs because the senior staff deems such information as extraneous or irrelevant and their training and sense of… Continue Reading...

History and Context Of the Tao De Ching Lao Tzu

tradition, Confucianism, was concerned more about ethical precepts in terms of social norms and political culture, Taoism is more about personal responsibility and introspection as the key to right living. The Tao is itself "an attitude, state of mind or way of being in the world," ("History of the Tao de Ching," 1). One general gist of the Tao de Ching is that individuals possess the power to transform the world by changing themselves, by living in harmony with nature and with other people. Taoist philosophy emphasizes detachment and non-striving, similar to Buddhist precepts. However similar their core worldviews,… Continue Reading...

Adp Systems

enable them operate in a seamless manner hence maintaining the standards and organizational culture at the end of it (Master N., 2013). References Cvision, (2017). Advantages of Automatic Data Capture. http://www.cvisiontech.com/reference/document-automation/advantages-of-automatic-data-capture.html Master N., (2013). Automated Data Collection has Many Benefits in the E-commerce Age. http://www.rfgen.com/blog/bid/324177/Automated-Data-Collection-has-Many-Benefits-in-the-E-commerce-Age Continue Reading...

World and Native Music

the concept of "art." However, music has historically been an extension of human culture and even religious activity and not viewed as being something that is distinct from religion and society. Even when musical traditions are deep, historical, and sophisticated, the methods used to analyze music do have Western components. Therefore, it may be important to consider different ways of analyzing musical features, concepts, and structures. In this article, the author presents a definition of music divided into five parts. The first is that "all music is sound," and yet ironically, music also has elements of no-sound or silence… Continue Reading...

Rise Of Ricers in the Car Culture Scene

Car culture: How and Why "Ricers" Came into The Scene Since the advent of cars, people have always wanted to play around with them and make modifications of their own preferences. Car modification has been taking place ever since we started manufacturing vehicles and the reason has been varied. There are some who did it for prowess or just for some mischief. For example, NASCAR evolved from the building of super-fast cars that were mostly a result of bootlegging. The initial modifications that people would perform on their vehicles were… Continue Reading...

The Uses and Importance Of Benchmarking

to maintain status as industry leader. In any workplace environment, benchmarking can be used for improving human resources and organizational culture. For example, benchmarking can show what competitors are doing to attract and retain top talent. The benchmarking process should reveal specific methods of attracting and retaining top talent, encouraging changes to internal human resources behaviors. Benchmarking is largely a quantitative and empirical process allowing organizational decisions to be based on measurable outputs. Human resources managers can learn how to create better incentives for employees based on benchmarking reports. Similarly, marketing departments can use benchmarking to review strategies that are… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics During a Merger

Code of Conduct is designed to create and maintain an ethical organizational culture. Standardizing organizational behavior in a Code of Conduct helps to create social norms that govern business operations, which will tremendously help smooth out the kinks of the merger process. The merger is occurring between one larger and one smaller company, and a Code of Conduct will help to establish some ground rules for the new company culture. The following situations are covered in the Code of Conduct, based on my observations. Situation 1: Conducting Business on Neutral Ground Joe Smith achieved the tremendously lucrative contract with… Continue Reading...

Factors Influencing the Use Of Performance Information for Decision Making

Simply, whether or not an organisation uses performance information in decision making is a factor of the underlying organisational culture. The influence of organisational culture on organisational behaviour cannot be overemphasised. Organisational culture dictates how things in an organisation are done, including performance measurement. Therefore, an organisation that views performance measurement as part of its norms is more likely to use performance information in decision making than one that does not. For Taylor (n.d.), cultures that emphasise internal efficiency, productivity, and performance are more likely to use performance information in decision making compared to cultures preoccupied with employees, flexibility,… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

precedents" and framing their legitimate right to exist within the American culture "in terms of civil rights," using "pre-existing networks, such as Islamic centers and grassroots organizations to jumpstart activism" (Bakalian, Bozorgmehr, 2005, p. 7). As Melissinos (2014) states: The Bush administration initially appeared to take a pro-Muslim stance, both in the words of the president shortly after the attacks and in the prosecution of hate crimes. Civil liberties groups, however, complained that those words were not matched by actions. In the criminal justice system, many anti-Muslim actions occurred. Suspects were detained irrespectively of constitutional limits and conditions. Moreover,… Continue Reading...

Hrm Leader

placing investment on business resources in employing a diverse workforce. Moreover, the inclusion of such diversity programs into the organizational culture of ABC Bank is expected to instigate three key positive developments. To begin with, in accordance to Thomas and Creary (2009), the company will experience reduced turnover or improved retention. This will be an advantage for the company taking into consideration that reduced turnover is one of the biggest challenges for several organization. A second benefit is enhanced representation. Through the diversity programs, women and minorities will have better representations at the executive level in relation to a proportion… Continue Reading...

How to Earn an A+ in Community Activity

in having a positive experience and a lasting impression on the community. I often remind myself that no culture is superior to the other and your ways of doing things is as good as they look before your own eyes. In the case of camping or hiking, I always ensure that me and my team clean up the place we used for camping, put out any fires and generally leave the place better than we found it, if not then just as we found it. These above skills have been sharpened over years, with each experience from the teaching… Continue Reading...

Culture in the Workplace

Cultural Intelligence culture is obviously an issue that pervades all aspects of life. This is and remains true even in cultures that are rather homogenous in nature like Japan. Just one of the realms of life that culture pervades is the workplace. Rose Kearney-Nunnery openly explores this from the perspective of nursing. Two of the important concepts that she covers when it comes to the same is cultural competence and cultural humility. They involve the same overall topic but they are actually quite different in terms… Continue Reading...

Assessment Of Corporate Culture at Zappos

Organizational culture is defined as the personality of an organization since it comprises the norms, values, and assumptions that govern work practices in an organization (McNamara (2000). Therefore, organizational structure determines how work is divided, coordinated, and categorized in an organization. Organizational structure is one of the most influential factors on the success and profitability of an organization since it affects members and influences how organizational strategy is executed. This paper examines the organizational culture of Zappos and how it compares to the various types of… Continue Reading...

Gun Fu and Hong Kong Cinema

on the discipline and morality of its protagonist, while throwing in some melodramatic, sentimental, moralistic tones inspired by Chinese culture's deep religious and philosophical traditions. It made for a fine and elegant slop that only the most visionary of directors, like Woo, could pull off. So many threads to keep together at once is not easily achieved -- and over-indulgence in any one thread line would yield less than stellar results, as Woo's ill-advised Paycheck showed. The glue that could keep them all together, of course, was bullets -- lots and lots of bullets: the one ingredient that any… Continue Reading...

Performance Management Review

corporate cultures of the firms. For instance, if one of the firms has a high performance organizational culture, then it is able to afford a stringent performance management practice and have a procedure of setting tough goal and objectives. The goals can be excessively difficult, but they have to be attainable. This can clash with merging with an organization with the friendly organization culture, which has to carry out the softer and less stringent performance management process. This can bring the risk of lack of fit. It is imperative to note that the fit with the organizational culture is… Continue Reading...

Hierarchy and Culture Reflection

What I liked about the reading was the importance it placed on culture as a means of communities coming together in America -- whether it was the African-Americans doing dances to their music, or the German-Americans gathering together in their beer gardens -- culture helped everyone to live and survive and feel better about themselves. However, the reading also focused on order and hierarchy -- especially with John Philip Sousa and his role as a cultural figure who embodied hierarchy and order as the head/conductor of the military band. He brought all the players into… Continue Reading...

Performance Based Management Synthesis

be achieved, however, a number of factors are important. These particularly include leadership commitment and organisational culture changes. The leadership of the organisation must provide the necessary resources and support, and change the organisation's way of doing things, especially in terms of setting performance targets and outcomes, measuring performance, communicating performance feedback, as well as engaging employees. More fundamentally, attention must be paid to individual, operational, and strategic dimensions. On the whole, adopting PBM can positively influence employee and organisational outcomes: it can increase employee productivity and satisfaction as well as organisational performance.   Continue Reading...

Jeff Bezos Leadership Skills

is famous for his distinctive and innovative manner of approach and his business culture as one of the biggest leaders over the universe currently. Dimensions of Organizational culture According to Kantor and Streitfeld (2015), Amazon corporate culture forces the workers to surpass the conventional constraints and traditions to establish not only authentic perceptions but also solutions. As the leading online retailer, the organization carries on to discover the fresh and innovative talent. The CEO of Amazon follows a management based on values where the management appears to force employees to act in a particular and unusual way (Skeet, 2015). Nonetheless,… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture at Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries

and how those cultural differences have emerged, and support the overall business objectives of those two organizations. culture of Southwest Airlines The Southwest Airlines culture is one of the more celebrated organizational cultures in business. The company is based around " A warrior spirit, a servant's heart and a fun-loving attitude." A focus on fun-loving is more to the day-to-day, as the servant emphasis, but the warrior heart showcases that employees at Southwest are expected to rise to the challenges that they face, and overcome obstacles in their service (Makovsky, 2013). These values are even reflected on the company website.… Continue Reading...

Change Framework to Lateral Violence in Nursing Practice

talk about and to address lateral violence, it will become a culture in nursing practice that will hinder teamwork and information sharing thereby hampering the overall quality of service. Reasons why Lateral violence must Change There are several reasons why lateral violence must change particularly in the nursing practice. Firstly, all healthcare systems aim at creating an environment that enables safe healthcare provision. The provision of this safe healthcare largely relies on cooperation and communication between healthcare givers. However, Lateral violence hinders the effectiveness of this communication and hence acts as an impediment to the provision of safe healthcare… Continue Reading...

U.s. Presidents 1789 to 1840

period in American history, statesmen laid the foundations for political culture, philosophy, and institutions. Although all the presidents during this fifty-year period had some influence on the early republic, several left a more outstanding mark and legacy. As a Founding Father and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson undoubtedly deserves recognition as one of the most important presidents in the entire history of the country. As a slave owner who believed in a small central government, Jefferson also set a precedent for what would become a series of contentious compromises between Americans who supported racism and the… Continue Reading...

Lillian Hellman Biography by Kessler Harris

ambitious goal of showing how Hellman represents the dichotomies in American culture itself. After the introduction, the bulk of the book is comprised of what can be considered stand-alone essays, each devoted to a specific subject. “Old Fashioned American Traditions,” Chapter One, sets the stage about the moral climate that characterized New Orleans, where Hellman was from, and the less liberal or progressive parts of the States and particularly in the South. In Chapter 8, “A Known Communist,” Kessler-Harris discusses the widely known fact that Hellman did believe in the core tenets of communism and vehemently fought against McCarthyism… Continue Reading...

Office Space Organizational Culture Environment

workers’ days, and impacts their perception of their job and overall quality of life. Yet it is corporate culture itself that is the primary focus of Office Space. Supervisor Lumburgh micromanages, focusing on inane details as a means to assert his authority, without considering the big picture issues he could be focusing on to help the company. As Peter’s dissatisfaction mounts, he takes increasing risks with his career, which ultimately pay off. Initech represents the dysfunctional way many companies continue to operate. The progressive tech companies of today have learned that the organizational culture and leadership styles exhibited in… Continue Reading...

Obstacles Of Organizational Development Theorists

compensation packages in addition to salaries to create a culture which makes employees want to go “the extra mile” in achieving a particular performance goal. Public entities are therefore more likely to be subjected to external constraints and are therefore likely to have a greater sense of inertia than public organizations. When there is a “failure to change” this can, of course, “erode public and private con?dence in these organizations” (Schraeder, Tears, & Jordan, 2005, p. 494). There is also less responsiveness to dissatisfaction amongst service providers in the public sector. In a private, for-profit firm, a failure to… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Motivation and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

development strategies and policies for improving the workplace environment and organizational culture. Both Udechukwu (2009) and Gawel (1997) link Maslow’s theory of motivation and hierarchy of needs with the work of Frederick Herzberg. Herzberg’s theory of motivation focused squarely on “job factors that motivate employees,” (Gawel, 1997, p. 1). Herzberg originally capitalized on Maslow’s needs hierarchy to show how specific factors in the workplace environment or company policy can lead to increased or decreased motivation, satisfaction levels, and measurable performance outcomes. Specific factors involved in meeting many of the main motivational needs include policy consistency and fairness, type and… Continue Reading...

Change Management Model and Project

of employee and customer harassment. Therefore, Uber is in dire need of changes in its organizational culture in order to enhance its reputation across the globe (Zipkin, 2017). The forces that are driving the need for change in Uber’s organizational culture is primarily the series of bad news and major setbacks in its top management. In essence, Uber’s organizational culture should be changed to provide more support to HR department and establish clear guidelines for tracking and addressing employee and customer complaints. Changes in the company’s culture is also driven by the need to provide mandatory training for its senior… Continue Reading...

Gender Neutrality in the Military Women Combat

should serve in combat missions include how to address training and skills development, how to alter core military organizational culture, how to maximize the potential of all soldiers in different types of combat scenarios, and how to address gender gaps in combat leadership. Physical Differences Physical preparedness for combat is a primary issue in the debate over whether or not women would serve in front lines positions. As Barry points out, one of the main arguments presented against gender equality in combat positions is physical readiness. Barry points out, all armies do have greater physical fitness standards for training… Continue Reading...

Patagonia and Sustainability Case Study

and have built sustainable practices into not just the organizational culture but into everything that they do. Patagonia was certainly innovative during its early years, but the company has maybe fallen back of the pack a bit lately, as other companies have taken the sustainability mantle to all aspects of their organization. Where something like Common Threads is a valuable initiative, it is also a sideline that does not cut straight to the core of Patagonia’s business. The company would survive just fine without it; at the most innovative companies their sustainability initiatives are essential to their success. Don’t… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

regarding various issues in health care i.e. race, ethnicity, culture, and disparities. The editorial was published on the premise that existing evidence shows that racial and ethnic minorities obtain lower quality of health care services as compared to non-minorities. This trend continues to exist despite the significant development in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous chronic diseases. The main focus of this editorial was to highlight the disparities in health care delivery due to racial, ethnic, and cultural factors. In this regard, the publisher focused on examining why patients from minorities experience greater mortality and morbidity from several chronic… Continue Reading...

De Jouvenel Quote on Sheep and Wolves

words a hundred years ago. In fact, these words speak a timeless truth about human social behavior and political culture. Especially in a democracy, when the people are entrusted with the power to create whatever government they desire or whatever government they believe will bring about desired outcomes, being sheepish is a dangerous proposition indeed. When people become mindless followers, succumbing to the mentality of a herd, they surrender their humanity and fail to accept the responsibility of good citizenship. Being a citizen in a democracy is a responsibility, as each person’s actions will have consequences that impact everyone… Continue Reading...

How to Introduce Business to Social Media

product development, customer service strategies, branding, and even organizational culture and company policies. Companies also need social media to have greater control over their reputation. Without being introduced to social media, customers might start leaving bad reviews of products and services. The company needs to maintain a strong social media presence to rapidly respond to customer complaints and resolve them in an appropriate fashion. In other words, social media enables a strong media relations and public relations strategy. 2) Why it's not a great idea... Introducing businesses to social media could have some significant drawbacks. One way social media… Continue Reading...

Leadership Case Studies

between management and this team that existed under Malone. 3) Non-verbal communication has many pitfalls, even within a culture much less when dealing with other cultures. One example is physical space – some cultures access if you get too close to someone, whereas other cultures would find this incredibly hostile. Eye contact is another. In some cultures, eye contact is essential; in others it is threatening. The reverse is true as well, in some cultures not making eye contact is normal, but in others a sign of great disrespect. A third example is with hand gestures. These do not always… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture and National Culture Of Automakers Comparison

between them. Each company evolved differently, and did so on the basis of both national culture and in terms of the markets in which they operated. The companies studied are Ford, Hyundai and Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi. The latter makes a nice case study because it is a French-Japanese firm, one of the biggest and most powerful transnational automakers, but a model that if successful might be replicated increasingly in the future. Depictions American automakers are depicted both as monolithic giants, and as dinosaurs at the same time. It is only grudgingly that international press talks about a company like Ford as… Continue Reading...

Assessments Of Personality Types and Careers

These interests reflect not only the content of the work I do, but also the work environment and organizational culture. My interest in conventions suggests that I do well in a hierarchical organization because there are clear-cut rules and roles. I prefer role clarity and clear lines of authority. Also, I like working with data and details, not theory or abstract issues. I prefer concrete evidence. I also prefer having a set routine in my daily life. My interest in enterprising suggests that I do like to take initiative, and have strong leadership potential. Finally, an interest in investigations… Continue Reading...

Political Systems in Ireland and Britain

a thousand years (O’Neil). The British government and its political culture are not bereft of formal documents, either. Tracing its heritage to groundbreaking documents like the Magna Carta of 1215 Magna Carta and the 1689 Bill of Rights, the British parliamentary system remains a model of liberal democracy around the world. Also referred to as the Westminster system, the British form of government had some influence on Irish political culture, procedures, and institutions. The most important procedural differences between the Irish and the British systems include the role of judicial review, the proportional representation-single transferrable vote (PR-STV) system, and… Continue Reading...

Feminism Article Review

after they took the Women's Studies program (Hughes). It is clear that gender perceptions are based on an individual's culture and upbringing with different cultures having different views on the roles of women. This article articulates this clearly and the author has managed to demonstrate how these perceptions change within a short period of time. The women were first interviewed when they began the program and a follow up was done 9 months later. The responses by the interviewees initially were reserved and most of the young women felt they were being influenced by their cultures. However, during the… Continue Reading...

Lebanese and Middle Eastern Cultural Beliefs Regarding Health Care

as well as other aspects of life that are widely applicable in the contemporary world. This culture has a great impact on the structure and nature of health care that is appreciated among the Lebanese and other middle easterners (Shiloh, 2007). It is imperative to understand their cultural perception on care presentation, accommodation, and repatterning to offer a more effective healthcare under this cultural setting. The Lebanese have a unique perception on culture care presentation. The cultural practices in Lebanon emphasize the importance of both nuclear and extended families. Moreover, the family members rely heavily on each other. During… Continue Reading...

Factors Affecting Employee Retention in an Organization

The survey found that various factors impact organization’s ability to retain its employees including organizational culture, gender roles within the company, family conflict. However, female employees are more affected because of family and children issues such as sick children and daycare problems. Keywords: employee, organization, retention, company, work, absenteeism, work-related stress, working environment, human resources, personnel management. Conclusion The focus of this research is to examine factors that contribute to increased employee turnover and high levels of absenteeism and work-related stress in an organization. Based on the findings of the data analysis, employee retention in the organization is affected… Continue Reading...

Vice Principals on Hbo Advertisement Analysis

African American lunch room employee who represents a lower class African American—a type popularly represented in American culture. Gregory’s character, however, represents an upper class African American (woman to boot)—a minority character not typical of traditional or conventional narratives. Yet Gregory’s character also displays the gritty toughness typically associated with a street tough African American, especially when she states to McBride: “I will drag your face all up and down the parking lot” through gritted teeth with an expression on her face that shows she really means it and will do it. So while her character is of a… Continue Reading...

Human Resources and Labor Shortage by 2030

appreciated for what they do even than for their salary. Workers are motivated by organizational culture factors much more than money. Given this, companies around the world need to attract top talent by changing their culture. The organizational culture of the future will thrive only when it transforms its culture to meet the needs of a highly skilled and highly motivated work force. The “people strategy” that Strack (2014) recommends is divided into four main keys: workforce planning, attracting the right people, upskilling, and retaining the right people. Workforce planning, Strack (2014) says, will be more important than financial… Continue Reading...

The Music Of Journey

event was awesome. Though I’m not a big fan or student of the 80’s rock culture, I was surprised (again!) by how many of the songs I actually recognized. I felt like I was at a concert instead of a symphony, but I enjoyed every minute of it. I will say that the SOA certainly sparked my interest—and I will be attending more events like this in the future.  Two pieces that the SOA performed that stand out in my mind were “Open Arms” and “Don’t Stop Believing.” “Open Arms” was one of the best performances of the night… Continue Reading...

Apple\'s Human Resources Strategy

as important, the new hires have to blend in with the existing organizational culture. This can be a significant challenge when the growth comes as rapidly as it did for Apple in the 2000s. The company's growth trajectory started with an established culture under Steve Jobs, the introduction of the iPod, and then the introduction of the iPhone started Apple on its current hypergrowth course. The new initiatives that the company is working on today may yet signal a future round of hypergrowth, which places significant emphasis on the need for the company to have a strong organizational cultureContinue Reading...

History Of Immigration in United States

with difficulties for many applicants. Anti-immigrant discourse has clouded “the significant contributions of immigrants to the creation of American culture through the performing arts, sciences, and other cultural pursuits,” (Hirschman 1). Naturally, cultural diversity enlivens all areas of civic life, enhancing the caliber of arts and communications. Immigrants in the United States reside in every state, with differential distribution related to unique geographic or economic trends. The states with the greatest concentration of immigrant residents include California, Florida, and New York (Brookings Immigration). States with the least proportion of immigrant residents include Alaska, Maine, Minnesota, and the Dakotas. However,… Continue Reading...

Tools for Organization Development and Change

tools required to enable organization development and change are numerous: they include the relationship-building tools, communication tools, culture-promoting tools, leadership tools, and so on. This paper will describe and discuss the tools needed to make organization development and change possible. Theory and strategy are two primary tools needed for organization development and change. Theory and strategy provide the support and framework for the change management and culture building process, and they can consist of various approaches to the issue: there theories like appreciative inquiry, experiential learning theory, intentional change theory, and more; there are strategy development techniques that strategic… Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

are from different cultural backgrounds so that a more diverse culture of student nurses can be achieved (VanTimmeren, 2017). As Bryan (2014) points out, culture is very important in this day and age because it informs people’s perspectives and values about what is good and bad regarding others in society. If people have a very narrow and poorly conceived viewpoint or perspective on other cultures, there is going to be tension in the field. To discourage this tension, the Bronson School of Nursing is looking to bring a wider diversity to its student body with the aim being that… Continue Reading...

Freeman Brown Private System

as an open system. This entails the organization being co-dependent on the surroundings which could include culture, market, corporate world, industries as well as the end consumers amongst other external structures. Hence feedback and open communication to and from the organization is imperative for its success, in an open system (Griffin, n.d.). The opposite stands true for a closed system however, which is primarily an isolated structure that is not in any way dependent upon the skeleton of its external environment. This simply means that the output for closed systems is completely independent and can stand on its own;… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Mission Vision and Values

mission statement does provide this sense of purpose, then that purpose can be baked into the organizational culture. Thus, it is an important step to align the mission statement with the purpose of the organization, preferably one relatable to more than just shareholders (Swales & Rogers, 1995). Coca-Cola's mission statement consists of three bullet points. There is a preamble that "declares our purpose as a company as the standard against which we weigh our actions and decisions" (Coca-Cola, 2018). The three bullet points are as follows: · To refresh the world · To inspire moments of optimism and happiness… Continue Reading...

The Culture Of the Eastern Band Cherokee

Tsali, who was wanted by the U.S. government (Kutsche, 1963). This paper will describe the community and culture of the North Carolina Cherokee, their history and issues that they currently face. The People, Community and culture The majority of the Eastern Band was able to stay in North Carolina thanks to William Holland Thomas, who was a European-American who had been adopted in his youth by Chief Yonaguska of the Cherokee. Thomas had also been a state legislator and wanted to assist the Cherokee. Because of the conditions of the forced migration (Native Americans who did not live on… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

make sense to start punishing bad behavior in cops rather than to reward it through a power hungry organizational culture. Likewise, it makes sense to have in place stricter laws and policies against police brutality, and to prosecute officers who use excessive force. Punishments could be internal to the force, such as suspensions or terminations, or they could be filed as criminal charges, leading to possible prison terms. Race is a significant factor in police brutality, which can also be explained by basic behaviorism. As Weaver (2014) points out, many law enforcement officers act reflexively when they encounter a… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

may be said to be a reflection of an organization’s structure, policies, culture and leadership. The relationship between organizational behavior and organizational culture, however, is two-way: the latter is influenced by the former but also can reinforce or undermine what the workplace leaders are aiming to achieve. The goal for leadership when focusing on organizational behavior is to ensure that behavior aligns with the organization’s aims, vision, and objectives. Communication, collaboration, and support are variables that will determine the extent to which organizational behavior is effective or ineffective—or, worse, detrimental. In a healthcare organization, identifying how nurses communicate with… Continue Reading...

Transformational Leadership Personal Reflection

deal with my weaknesses in order to make myself a better leader. Strengths of Transformational Leaders Y culture is a consulting firm that has written about transformational leadership. Y culture (2018) notes that among the characteristics of transformational leaders are self-management, ability to take risks, the ability to make difficult decisions, inspirational, adaptability, proactive nature and leadership with vision. When we look at these strengths versus my own, there are definitely some synergies. First is vision – a transformational leader must have vision for the future, something that is different from simply maintaining the status quo. Furthermore, the transformational leader is… Continue Reading...

Race in Latin America

to differentiate themselves from the general trend of race mixing eroding a sense of identity and culture linked to and/or based on race, this trend may be viewed as worrisome and problematic. The question of how to reverse the trend may be even more problematic, since for so many generations there has been so little emphasis placed, in Brazil at least, on the value of racial identification. The politics, culture, socialization and identification of race has been guided by melting pot framework, and in turn race as a meaningful term has become lost. Michael Baran in “Girl, You are… Continue Reading...

Coordinating Management Between the Ceo and Cio

us now and in the future, and a good understanding of our organizational culture. Reference Hall, K. (2018). Matrix management: Breaking the silos. Global Integration. Retrieved from: http://www.globalintegration.com/blog/matrix-management-breaking- the-silos-2/ Continue Reading...

Mongols History

to be of a Muslim faith and repulsive of the lifestyle, culture, habits and deeds of these people from the East. It would appear from the reading of this text that Egypt and Syria were targets as well but the two countries escaped the terror by the mercies of God. The author writes in reference to his Muslim faith that were it not that God had meant for the survivors to indeed survive he would also have been a victim of the terror. No ruler can save what God has marked for destruction, according to the author. The reason… Continue Reading...

Media\'s Role in Defining Gender

the television screen. The mass media is the purveyor of modern culture. It is not surprising, therefore, to realize that our conception of woman in the modern sense is formed by and large by what the mass media asks us to think about her. Tuchman notes that the primary lesson that TV promotes is that “women don’t count for much” (12) essentially because “they are underrepresented in television’s fictional life” (12)—i.e., they are annihilated from life portrayed on TV and therefore consigned to oblivion in modern culture. This lack of representation on TV reflects, moreover, an undercurrent in modern… Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

slavery Du Bois also made a claim for African-American culture to be the most American of all cultures, given that it was a unique hybridization of African and European ideas, religion, music, and life. Du Bois, who received his doctorate from Harvard University and taught sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, also wrote in The Souls of Black Folk about the personal challenges he felt as an African-American man who felt neither wholly a part of American society nor Black society as a highly and at the time unusually educated Black man. Du Bois is associated with the philosophy… Continue Reading...

Walmart Human Resource Practices and Change

(Lombardo, J. (2017). The following 4 key element of Wal-Mart’s corporate culture drive personnel behavior: 1. Customer Service 2. Acting with Integrity 3. Respect for Individuals and 4. Striving to achieve excellence (Lombardo, J. (2017) The Adaptive subsystem This may be demonstrated via needs assessment. Various kinds of needs assessments in relation to personnel training exist. Their applicability is dependent on a company’s HR management goals. The following are applicable in case of Wal-Mart: 1. Benefit-cost analysis 2. Work/task analysis 3. Organizational analysis Benefit-cost analysis facilitates optimization of HR management and training expenses through the identification of the training technique… Continue Reading...

Personal Leadership Development Plan

become (Atkin-Plunk & Armstrong, 2013). Focusing on improving a workplace culture is another step in the informal plan that I seek to implement. By being a champion of change in the workplace culture, I can improve worker morale and help to support stable and positive worker attitudes before problems arise when difficulties occur. Establishing a strong workplace culture is the first step in strengthening my ability to support others and to inspire them to want to succeed. It will also help me to better monitor performance as the culture of communication will be more present and awareness of where we… Continue Reading...

Consumer Behavior Advertising and Cultural Appeal

different cultures this product will appeal to and make recommendations on which three (3) would be the best choice The culture of an individual plays a pivotal role in determining his or her buying patterns, values, and beliefs. In delineation, culture is mutual or collective set of beliefs and practices amongst a group of individuals in a certain place and time. Cultural factors have a major influence on a person’s purchasing decisions. Each person has dissimilar sets of behaviors, views and principles which he or she develops from his household status and upbringing. This line of product being retailed includes… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

Description Law enforcement has a distinct professional culture that is comprised of both formal and informal elements. Formal elements are ensconced in rules and regulations. For example, training, hours of work, how to fill out paperwork, and wearing a uniform according to an individual’s status in the organization are formal elements of the culture. Informal elements are unspoken, including norms of behavior and the jargon used between officers. For example, informal cultural norms are what have a direct bearing on “how to go about their tasks, how hard… Continue Reading...

Organizational Diagnostic Models Jakks Pacific

elements lie at the heart of stellar performance. These are culture, structure, people, and tasks (Falletta, 2005). It is these elements that ought to be congruent for enhanced performance to be realized. This effectively means that incompatibility of the said elements brings about suboptimal performance – necessitating the need for amendments to the organizational design. One of the key strengths of the congruence mode is that it comes in handy in the management of change, specifically in the analysis of the impact of change. It reminds key players in the organizational setting that missteps could have knock on effects… Continue Reading...

Education and Leadership Promoting Change

empower the teachers, because this will help engender trust and inspire a collaborative organizational culture. By deflecting the attention from Bob Neuman, Jack can also create ways of rewarding the “quality” staff instead of punishing the relatively few numbers of underachieving faculty. The “blame game” or stigmatizing teaching methods or teachers does not work in situations like this (Dinham, 2012, p. 1). Far more productive would be to focus on the strengths of the organization, celebrate the achievements of the high performing teachers, and allow the change to occur almost organically. When faculty is empowered and motivated, there will… Continue Reading...

Grounded Theory and Ethnography in Doctoral

anthropology, and will also need ample time to construct and understand the long-term narratives and mythos that shape the culture’s self-perception (Creswell & Poth, 2018, p. 72). Doctoral Persistence: Problem Statement Both from the institutional standpoint and that of doctoral students, degree completion is the primary objective for all who enroll in postsecondary programs. Given the diversity of doctoral programs and the diversity of student bodies, it can be difficult to ascertain which variables are most linked with doctoral persistence. Some of the variables that have thus far been associated with doctoral persistence include financial support, student collaboration, instructional… Continue Reading...

Hawaii Language Culture and Affirmative Action

the Hawaiian language was unique and that the university plays a crucial role in the preservation of the language, culture, and traditions of Hawaii. What is remarkable about this story is the way the president was willing to remain flexible and take into consideration the point of view of a minority group, rather than use her position of power to categorically deny the people their rights. The students and faculty protested the budget cuts on several levels. For one, there are a slew of other programs that could be cut, or a number of other ways the money could… Continue Reading...

Advance Practice Nursing Ethics Disclosure

issue is about changing advanced nursing practice and ensuring a culture of safety for all patients. Likewise, disclosure empowers the patient to make informed choices about reactions to the medical error while encouraging the healthcare team to do whatever necessary to reduce errors from occurring in the future. The best strategies for reducing medical errors include ongoing professional training of all staff, correcting organizational culture barriers, and the implementation of a set of specific protocols for medication administration. Summary Ethical Issues Whether or not the patient experienced adverse effects has nothing to do with the ethic of disclosure. Even… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

the Hawaiian sovereignty movement can be aligned with non-Hawaiian values to create a campus culture and curriculum that embodies and enforces the lofty ideals of social justice. The creation of the Hawaiian Studies program has played one of the biggest roles in promoting the general interests of Hawaiian sovereignty in general. Hawaiian studies are a critical component in the general de-colonization effort, as well as the key to providing students with a more robust educational curriculum that is devoid of biases and misconceptions about indigenous culture or history. The result of Hawaiian studies and other “Indigenous critical pedagogy” is… Continue Reading...

I Am Alive Documentary

period of time will become normative in another and vice-versa. Likewise, what is deviant in one culture may not be considered deviant in another. Although deviance is typically framed as maladaptive behavior that either leads to or is categorized as criminal, deviance can also be constructive, productive, and “positive,” (Hughes & Coakley, 1991, p. 307). In fact, athletes engage in what is known as “positive deviance,” in that their behaviors constitute a cohesive “sport ethic” that includes taking risks, pushing past personal limits, and making sacrifices for the greater good of the game (Hughes & Coakley, 1991, p. 307).… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Teamwork

organization, and gave me an opportunity to basically build a team from scratch, and to create the culture of that team. One of the things that we realized early on as that we needed to structure the need in such a way that the team worked for each other, to help each other out. That way, we felt that we could cover many of the basic advantages of teamwork, such as increased efficiency, a high level of responsiveness to patient needs, and overall effectiveness as wait times were diminished (Ray, 2017). For example, we were able to take on… Continue Reading...

Ancient Roman Civilization and the Gladiator Games

this case, gladiatorial contests were first found among the Etruscans and the Romans first incorporated them into their culture at the funeral of Junius Brutus Decimus in 43 BC. Though initially the games were exercised as a form of honoring the dead, the contests and their subtexts began to take on deeper meanings for all involved. A cult of celebrity grew around the gladiators themselves so that they resembled modern day rock stars or professional athletes, even though they lacked status and freedom. The gladiators had their fan clubs and admirers. Graffiti could frequently be found around the city… Continue Reading...