Data Collection Essays


Quantitative Research

sharing of burdens and advantages at societal as well as individual levels. data collection Procedure and Appropriateness of Data Analysis Methods Identify the data collection procedures used and provide a description of how the data was collected (2) Response: The data collection procedures used in this study included a combination of in-depth interviewing and focus groups. An isolated and quiet room in a Pittsburgh cafe was the setting chosen for focus group meetings. The data was collected for the study in the following way: In-depth interviewing was performed over the phone. Five respondents (one respondent was chosen from every focus… Continue Reading...

Special Education in Miami Dade

districts from participating. Scope and Delimitations The scope of this qualitative case study will be delimited to qualitative data collection methods that comprised of participant interviews, research, and the area selected. This will led to a small sample size compared to similar studies conducted in schools containing greater age ranges for students and more school districts. Generalization could happen in qualitative studies and research, however, this was not the goal for this study. Significance of Study Findings from the study will support some theories and assumptions made by researchers in the field of special education and technology integration, specifically in an… Continue Reading...

Project Data

regard to total funds raised and overall donors in various categories. Intended data collection Methods Analysis Participant donor software companies offer client gift transaction information to an Urban Institute database. All facts offered by the companies are kept strictly confidential and anonymous. Result-reporting occurs in cumulative form. The Project utilizes the information for calculating year-to-year loss and gain ratios of a number of contributors and donated money. Firstly, Project's database is dynamic (2016 Fundraising Effectiveness Survey Report), and constantly grows, becoming more information-rich with the joining up of new participant firms and the addition of their fundraising information. Secondly, any… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

and sales processing, it must incorporate time-saving functions like inventory management, marketing tools, staff management, task automation, client data collection, etc. for easier business operations and growth. The POS system vendor must also deliver round-the-clock customer support and customized business solutions (Scarborough & Zimmerer, 2006). Physical resource utilization must be assessed for ensuring maximum efficiency, especially with regard to consumables and energy. Physical resource management entails planning resource procurement and utilization, as well as monitoring value provided. Activity 3: Marketing Role of Marketing Towards Achieving Company Goals HP's management team does not define marketing as mere product selling; rather,… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

the Researcher Review your analytic memos, field notes, etc., written during each aspect of the data collection process, and examine your role and experience and how that is shaping your experience (reflexivity). Although the role of the researcher is comparable for both qualitative and quantitative studies (Neuman, 2003), the outcomes that can be achieved using these methods vary. While quantitative studies such as random clinical trials remain the gold standard for social science research, a growing number of researchers are using qualitative methods as well, most especially in those cases where gaining fresh insights into the lived experiences of respondents… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Fitness Research

they stand to give a credible representation of the larger population (Brehm-Curtis, 2014). The data collection process will be done during an active time when people are outside and not occupied, like at night. Streets will be selected to obtain all sorts of audience. The best time that the data collection process will be done is at any time, especially when the respondents are susceptible to be accessed and have time to yield to the data collection tools (Ferkel, Stodden, Judge, Griffin, & Hamman, 2015). The data collected in a quantitative study includes more than words; attitudes, feelings, vocal… Continue Reading...

Change Management

SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) prove valuable in data collection. Change data is normally analyzed using modern-day technology. More complex analyses may be performed at low costs, and data may be updated constantly for use in the future (Wong, 2016). While several individuals with stakes in an organization may display hostile attitudes towards any proposed change, a failure to implement it at the right time may prove detrimental to the business. Internal stakeholders may have a narrow view of the changes necessary. Some processes' structure will be process-limiting, although the processes are important in the organization's opinion (Parker,… Continue Reading...

Learning and Social Deficits in the Elementary Classroom

and will be evaluated for placement in Tiers 2 or 3 if progress is not made. Prepare data collection devices to record data from universal screening and continuous progress monitoring to make decisions regarding students' progress. The data that is collected from periodic universal screenings and continuous progress monitoring will be analyzed using a conventional data analysis application such as SPSS or Excel to ensure students are placed in the least restrictive learning environment that is congruent with their needs. B) Tier 2: Targeted Interventions Summarize the selection process for placing at-risk students in Tier 2. The failure to achieve… Continue Reading...

Working for International Peace

sort of correlation between conventional media channels such as the radio or television programming and any sort of terrorist activity. data collection Strategy The strategy for collecting data will be multifold. The most readily available data will be that accessed online in the way of social media postings and other communication pertaining to any sort of terrorist activity. It is necessary to quantify the number of sites or users linked with terrorist activity -- which will yield quantitative analysis pertaining to pervasive (Burke, 2016). Additionally, it is important to also collect qualitative data regarding the nature and severity of online… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Research Annotated Bibliography

literature review as a predate collection step. The method discourages literature review before actual data collection and consequent analysis. Literature review is seen as a constraint to the research rather than a guide. Of course, this is a little confusing for a researcher pursuing grounded theory methodology when they are expected to generate literature review in the early research stage by such entities as funding bodies or ethics committees. The paper explores the controversial matter and various perspectives taken by the originators of the approach including one introduced by constructivist Grounded Theory Methodologist. Content Analysis Mayring, P. (2000, June).… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

from participating. Scope and Delimitations The scope of this qualitative case study will be delimited to qualitative data collection methods that comprised of participant interviews, research, and the area selected. This will led to a small sample size compared to similar studies conducted in schools containing greater age ranges for students and more school districts. Generalization could happen in qualitative studies and research, however, this was not the goal for this study. Significance of Study Findings from the study will support some theories and assumptions made by researchers in the field of special education and technology integration, specifically in an elementary… Continue Reading...

Health Disparities

of personal patient traits (e.g., race, ethnicity, etc.) nor links to the person's health problem. • Ethnicity/race data collection for determining disparities and planning interventions: Precise ethnicity/race data collection is imperative to an inclusive strategy for tackling healthcare inequity. Hospitals, care plans and integrated healthcare frameworks across America are moving to ascertain inequities by using ethnicity/race information as the basis for interventions aimed at improving care quality for ethnic/racial groups (Maybery, Robert, Nicewander, Qin, & Ballard, 2006). Conclusion A study of health disparities between less- and more- advantaged individuals necessitates their proper identification and classification into 'groups'. On the American… Continue Reading...

Zappos.com Assessment & Analysis

will be about a couple of weeks. There will be three main phases and those are data collection, data selection and report/presentation preparation. Some definite things that will be included are LEAD management concepts and vLeader scores. Evaluations of each person's own work as well as a constructive review of what others have done will all be done before the final details and report is decided upon. Section Three • The CEO of Zappos, up to and including Hsieh, will include the following: • Marketing Efficacy • Supply Chain Infrastructure Quality and Efficiency • Public Presence and Image •… Continue Reading...

Pledge for Homeless Families in Seattle

Program Managers will work with us, the Program Analyst, to prepare our evaluation questions, evaluation design, data collection, data analysis, proposed presentation and utilization plan, proposed budget and narrative description. During the third week of June, we met with Mayor Schell and Alan Painter to discuss the pledge, goals and objectives. We discussed the problems that we ran into, as far as trying to receive immediate funding for shelter and assistance. We let Mayor Schell know we will achieve the goal within the six-month he stated in his pledge. The Mayor is aware we have set up meetings with… Continue Reading...

Marketing

also be used to evaluate discriminate and construct validity (Kemp et al., 2012). Plan for data collection Data will be collected using a web-based survey which will be sent to sales people in the business-to-business niche. To help in attaining generalizability, the target firms will be drawn from different fields. Phone and mail will be used to contact twenty sales managers who will in turn be requested to share with their sales force the survey questions. 300 sales people will answer the survey questions. Another source of data that will also be considered will be existing literature in the field… Continue Reading...

Return on Investment with Fall Prevention

exercise programs, medication reviews, vision screening and home assessments. The reach of this data collection and review would necessarily encompass the actual adults that are 65+, consumers, healthcare providers, children of elderly adults, caregivers, community service providers, policymakers and state coalition makers. Finally, there are the aforementioned outcomes. The NCOA is prescient enough to know that some outcomes render and come out sooner than others. With that in mind, they have short-term outcomes, medium-term outcomes and long-term outcomes (NCOA, 2016). Conclusion Just as is the case with the management of chronic healthcare conditions and the prevention of the same,… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

self-esteem, and views of appearance. A demographic questionnaire and three paper-and-pencil assessment instruments were utilized for data collection, which was analyzed statistically. The study showed that external circumstances affect psychosocial development since women's well-being is affected by relationship status, life satisfaction, and perceptions regarding aging. Despite these findings, the study is limited on the basis that its conclusions cannot be generalized beyond the study population because of the demographic balance of its sample. Week 2 Discussion There are several issues that may influence long- and short-term physical, cognitive or psychosocial development in a child including prenatal development issues. The… Continue Reading...

Language Barriers Among the Karen People

was compared with the research from the literature review. Prevailing themes from data collection suggest need for literacy improvement and perceived language barriers. E. Assumptions were that GAP students failed to thrive from GAP services because of lack of cultural understanding of Karen refugees. Some Somali and Nebal clients participated in the focus questions. However, the study was aimed towards Karen refugees. What did not work was getting feedback from Karen refugees in regards to certain issues like office accessibility. Findings The responses of the clients revealed lack of satisfaction with the services. The main perceived barrier was language.… Continue Reading...

Emotional Exhaustion Among Salespeople

four-quadrant model that consists of direct-inactive, indirect-inactive, direct-active, and active-inactive. The research method section consisted of research context and data collection and represented the data on table 2 with composite reliability item loadings, highest shared variance, and average variance extracted. The sample size included 1000 total sales people working for an industrial products manufacturer. The participants filled out mailed survey packets. Table 3 contained the constructs like role conflict and role ambiguity and the means, Pearson correlations, and standard deviations. The next section entailed measure validation procedure. The authors measured the constructs using established scales and validates through use of… Continue Reading...

Use Of Smartphones and Sleep Time

interview" (Seale, Gobo, Gubrium, & Silverman, 2007, p. 412). The main strategy for data collection is a paper survey administered to fifteen students aged 14-18 from Stuyvesant High School. For the purposes of this survey, answers were anonymous and did not include mention of gender, race, sexuality, or ethnicity. The survey had 8 questions. Some were yes or no questions, while others aimed to give a numerical value. Students were given 15 minutes to answer the survey. When they finished, the papers were collected and participants were asked if they would like to participate in an interview. The face-to-face… Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

to do with policies on gun. They argue that the secret lies in the multicultural differences (Krouse, 2012). data collection Data is derived generally from observation or experiment. Acceptable approaches for evaluating and gathering evidence differs, grounded on the issue being dealt with. For case in point, the procedure makes use of data from comparative researches -- those that assess results amid a group subjected to the outcomes as opposed to intervention within a specific concurrent or historical group that had not been exposed or had been less exposed -- to respond to questions related to effectiveness of interventions. After… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

people are not the same. It would be uncommon if there were no dissimilarities across persons (Mackinnon, 2011). Plan for data collection The data will be collected through questionnaires that will be designed, piloted, and distributed to the target population. Questionnaires act as a valuable tool that can be able to elicit the feelings, perception, experience, attitude and belief of an individual or a group of people regarding a particular subject under investigation. Questionnaires will be designed in a way that can manage to gather accurate information on the aspects of psychology, financial decision-making and management of households. The research… Continue Reading...

Information Technology Goes on and on

2016). It appears to be a threat to everyone's privacy because of the pervasive data collection and storage involved. Topic 2: Managing Knowledge Knowledge capture and management is critical because it allows for an improvement of business processes based on fact. Tacit knowledge is harder to work with because it is less verifiable than explicit knowledge from an empirical standpoint. UNIT 4 DISCUSSION Topic 1: Intelligence, Design, Choice Intelligence typically involves analyzing the market and how one's entry to it can affect it. Design involves architecting a business model, supply chain, customer base, and other parts of business. Choice… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Managerial Skills

cultures, and understanding their norms and values; 4. Proficiency with research and data collection, analytical, and interpretation skills; 5. Understanding and exercising conflict resolution strategies and techniques; 6. Understanding how to use and interpret tabular and graphic data; and, 7. Understanding the importance of intercultural business practices and customs (English & Manton, 2007, p. 412). Clearly, developing and maintaining this wide array of critical managerial skills will require ongoing attention as discussed below. V. Specific Skill Area(s) That Require Attention From a quantitative analysis perspective, the lowest scores on the PAMS provide a useful starting point for identifying specific skills… Continue Reading...

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

else and came across the Latina STEM mentorship and such, then inductive would be the expected result. What data collection methods, instruments, samples, or settings were NOT used? They used interviews, based on the abstract. As such, they did not do surveys, such as with Likert scales. They also did primary and personal research rather than using data from sources created and fostered by someone else. Why do you believe the researchers chose to avoid these methods, instruments, samples, or settings? You will tend to trust your data more if it's from our own work and you feel the methodology… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

of this experiment bothers you, but we assure you that your name is not associated with any of our data collection, and your anonymity is strictly assured.” Finally, the participants will be asked to genuinely “try” to memorize the characters as opposed to being passive during the exercise, and motivated by the simple good feeling that will come from doing well on the post-test. The level of motivation in learning is not something the researchers can necessarily control for. It is assumed, though, that anyone who signs up or volunteers for the study is somewhat motivated to try.  The… Continue Reading...

Research Methods

addressing the economic, political and institutional framework circumstances to accomplish the considerable rules (Rosch et al., 2017). The data collection methods include the stakeholder knowledge, which encompasses the adjustment of the indicator system in reaction to the feedback of experts and the outcomes of stakeholder interviews. Another method of data collection is through literature, which was used in the extensive and in-depth appraisal process. The emphasis was on German literature so as to undertake the queries as efficacious as possible. Lastly, there is the reduction of indication by making application of the criteria of comprehensiveness, prospect to ascertain targets… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

of policy. Access to databases would be crucial for data collection. However, Gilli & Gilli (2014) show how the age of the organization can also be taken into account as a variable because it reveals changes to the organization's leadership and culture. Diffusion of innovation can be difficult to quantify when it comes to examining the root causes for the third research question, but a comparison group can be drawn from another country like the Philippines to show how radical Islam functions in opposition to the established government. There are several issues with using these types of quantitative analyses… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

which correlates well with the goals of the fitness industry. Chapter 3 3.1 Introduction to data collection and Analysis With a combination of venues ranging from chain gyms to independent gyms to crossfit gyms to martial arts studios, Hong Kong's fitness culture is alive and vibrant. There are, however, a range of gyms in terms of type of fitness level provided -- not all are equal in terms of consumer satisfaction (California Fitness is a prime example of a gym that did not meet consumer satisfaction). The outcomes of the questionnaire are expected to show that of the dozens of options… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Revenues and Ridership Levels at Wmata

project schedule set forth at Appendix A. Although there are no specific ethical issues involved in the data collection process, it will be essential to obtain the cooperation of the Metro management in order to obtain the requisite ridership data needed for the evaluation of the effectiveness of each safety-related initiative. It is expected that the validity of the collected data will be sound but the findings that emerge from the proposed study may not be replicable given the unique focus of the research. This unique focus will also limit the generalizability of the findings that result from this methodology.… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Designs

and quantitative data. It also involves describing the timing of data collection as well as the theory and philosophical worldview underlying the above procedures. The next step involves educating the reader about other terms that may be used in place of mixed methods. These include mixed methodology, multi-method, and quantitative and qualitative methods (Creswell, 2014). It is also important to familiarise the reader with the history of the mixed methods design. According to Creswell (2014), the mixed methods design gained popularity towards the end of the 1980s, with researchers attempting to overcome the weaknesses presented by single-method designs. Since… Continue Reading...

Communicating Qualitative Research Analysis

aspects that distinguish qualitative research writing, which are brought by specific designs, steps of analysis, and data collection procedures. An understanding of these aspects of qualitative research writing helps in enhancing the effectiveness of the research process and research findings. Salient Aspects of Qualitative Research Writing In his discussion on qualitative research procedures, Creswell (2014) proposes ten aspects that differentiate qualitative research writing from other research methodologies. These ten aspects relate to different elements in qualitative writing including research design, data collection, sampling strategy, data analysis, and data coding. One of the most salient aspects that distinguish qualitative research… Continue Reading...

Non Credit Programs on Workforce Education

and college investments of resources on non-credit workforce education, increased outcome data collection will help to evaluate the effectiveness of these programs in addressing general state workforce and economic advancement requirements and also how well the needs of employers and students are being met. Connecting non-credit students to credit programs and more direct involvement of faculty members in non-credit education may more likely be facilitated by integrated organizational structures. Thus, adopting an integrated organizational structure as much as possible will possibly improve the ability of colleges to cater for their non-credit students, especially when they are supported by general… Continue Reading...

Digital and Social Media Effects on Society

digital technology, scientists more quickly share their results with peers, maximizing the time they spend on actual research and data collection. For example, a scientist who recently wrote a report about a longitudinal study on the long-term effects of Internet use would be able to publish those results immediately online. Even if the original article was not written for a general audience, the popular media would pick up on the results and journalists around the world could comment on the importance of the findings. Therefore, new media promotes faster and more efficient process of science that can help promote… Continue Reading...

Treating Allergic Patients Using Homeopathy

to collect data relating to allergic symptoms of patients. This helps in understanding the processes utilized in data collection and contribute towards generating reliable findings and conclusions. Relevant Assumptions When conducting a study, researchers tend to make several assumptions during the research process and generating credible research findings. According to Simon (2011) research assumptions are some of the basic elements that must be present in order for a research problem to exist. Given the significance of assumptions, it is not only important for a researcher to state his/her assumptions but also provide justifications for the assumptions. The justifications of… Continue Reading...

Economic and Environmental Benefits Of Short Sea Shipping

from academic literature, institutional documents, and explanatory reports. The reason for choosing this method for data collection is based on the vast amount of information required, and primary data would result in large data sets that would make it harder for analysis. The data required for this project would mostly be derived from other sources, and there will not be a need to collect out own data. This would save time because most of the data required is available online, which would make it easy to access and collect. There is ease of accessibility of the information required and… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

at #8 leading cause of death. As of 2007 I stands at #4 (Black Demographics, 2015). data collection: Interview The main form of data collection was qualitative, in the form of an interview. It was one interview with a 43-year-old African-American man. He was born from a South African father in Brooklyn, NY. He goes by the initials C.M and lives in Toms River as an electrician. The interview was a question and answer type of data collection where C.M had the chance to explore his cultural identity as well as give some information on his religious beliefs, socio-economic status,… Continue Reading...

Use Of the Scientific Method

the control and experimental group will be crucial towards providing answers to the problem under investigation. During data collection and analysis, the procedure will be modified if necessary while initial results are confirmed through retesting. The analysis process will entail the use of relevant graphs and tables to test the relationship between the two variables. Based on the analysis, conclusions or a summary or the results of the experiment will be provided. In this case, the researcher will demonstrate how the results are linked to the hypothesis being tested. The researcher will provide a statement on whether the experiment's… Continue Reading...

Reactions in Parents Of Children with Life Threatening Illness

on the entire sample consisting of Australian domestic citizens. Study Design and data collection Procedures The data collection procedures consisted of: "Research team members monitored daily admissions lists of the target inpatient wards, and liaised with clinical staff to identify eligible families. A member of the research team approached families on the ward in order to explain the study, and obtained written consent. Parents were provided study questionnaires and asked to return them within four weeks of their child's admission or surgery, via either mail or by leaving it with nursing staff (Muscara, et al., 2015)." The two surveys used… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

construct their social realities subjectively and objectively via qualitative research collected in online and offline settings. data collection methods included a 30-item online survey, with informed consent. In total, 81 different participant narratives were collected and analyzed. The narratives were systematically coded for content, themes, and patterns. A theoretical coding process was also used to discover relationships between the different categories that emerged during the process of data collection. 3. The study population included nurses that "existed both online and offline," meaning no disembodied consciousness participants were permitted (Gaffney, et al., 2012, p. 3). In spite of the reliability… Continue Reading...

Study on Parents with Autistic Children

the role of hopefulness on the QOL of the parents with autistic children and how this can be achieved. data collection and Data Analysis The primary methods of data collection will be observations and interviews as well as video and audio recording, which will be carried out on different participants. Observations will be conducted on children and recorded on a pre-populated checklist that will be issued to them. The researcher will conduct structured interviews of the specialists while data from parents and the community members will be obtained through video and audio recording. The information from these recordings will then… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

research process -- from the research approach and purpose to the research strategy, data collection techniques, sample selection procedures, and data analysis processes. As for the research approach, research may be either deductive or inductive. Deductive research essentially relies on deductive reasoning. This means that the researcher formulates a hypothesis based on extant literature, and then collects data to confirm the hypothesis (Bryman, 2008). The findings are then deduced to the general population under study. The deductive approach is often associated with positivist and quantitative research. The inductive approach, on the other hand, involves generating a new theory. Often… Continue Reading...

Apple Market Share Increase for Ipad 4

identified organizations where iPad 4 can be accepted as the official data collection, handling and transmission tool. Objective 2: Through a localized agreement with each organization, have the commitment of at least 60% of the identified organizations to be using iPad 4 and enjoy the accompanying services. Marketing strategies The primary market target that the iPad 4 sales will focus on is the organizations and not the individuals. There will be 200 organizations targeted in Africa and another 300 targeted in Asia as a start package for the marketing of the iPad 4. Being that they are organizations with… Continue Reading...

Apple Increase in Market Share for Ipad 4

where iPad 4 can be accepted as the official data collection, handling and transmission tool. Objective 2: Through a localized agreement with each organization, have the commitment of at least 60% of the identified organizations to be using iPad 4 and enjoy the accompanying services. Marketing strategies The primary market target that the iPad 4 sales will focus on is the organizations and not the individuals. There will be 200 organizations targeted in Africa and another 300 targeted in Asia as a start package for the marketing of the iPad 4. Being that they are organizations with various people… Continue Reading...

Marketing Management Plan

research is described in Table 1 below. Table 1: Research timeline Activity/Timeline 2017 2018 June August September-December January-March April Board approval Acquisition of researchers data collection Data analysis Presentation of report Budget As mentioned earlier, the research will involve primary research. Conducting primary research is not only a time-consuming, but also a costly affair (ESOMAR, 2007). The affair may be even costlier when it involves collecting data from respondents spread out in several countries. Table 2 below summarises the budget of the research. Table 2: Research budget Item Amount ($) Hiring research firm 150,000 data collection and analysis 80,000 Administrative costs 30,000 Logistics and travel 40,000 Miscellaneous 20,000 Total 320,000 In-house… Continue Reading...

Pop and Ilp Policing

of operations guiding data. POP has some aspects of data collection, but ILP's main focus is data collection for crime prevention. Going back to the SARA model, POP aims to demonstrate to police the steps needed to effectively carry out measures to combat crime. The first step, scanning is when police use various, different sources to prioritize and recognize potential problems related with disorder and crime in any, given jurisdiction. This is where ILP and POP can be similar and in this step, those using POP may use data to determine a location or action. Analysis is the second… Continue Reading...

Issues in the Field Of Neuroscience

at least one traumatic brain injury (King et al., 2012). The study utilized several data collection instruments like neuropsychological interview, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Military Version, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-II. The study found that Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory is valid and reliable tool for evaluating post-concussive symptoms. The effectiveness of this tool is attributable to the fact that its scores appropriately distinguished veterans with a history of TBI from those without such history. The strength of this experimental study is that it provided a suitable framework for examining the effectiveness of NSI in determining post-concussive symptoms. However, the… Continue Reading...

Adp Systems

at the end of it (Master N., 2013). References Cvision, (2017). Advantages of Automatic Data Capture. http://www.cvisiontech.com/reference/document-automation/advantages-of-automatic-data-capture.html Master N., (2013). Automated data collection has Many Benefits in the E-commerce Age. http://www.rfgen.com/blog/bid/324177/Automated-Data-Collection-has-Many-Benefits-in-the-E-commerce-Age Continue Reading...

How to Measure the Effectiveness Of Organization

often it will be collected. The performance data will be collected primarily through raw data collection -- formal intake forms provide the data for actual numbers of women using each service PM provides. However, the survey data will also be taken by asking each woman who is registered with PM to participate in an anonymous survey. Confidentiality and anonymity are critical in encouraging women to register as well as to participate in programs and services. 5. Discuss how the strategies and performance measures will influence the budget process and budget decision-making. Budget process and decision-making are critical for the success… Continue Reading...

Launching a Car Rental Company at Okc Airport

Stardust Car Rentals. In addition, a description of four performance measures, data collection methods and how the data will be used is followed by an outline and analysis of two cost-benefit decisions that will have to be considered. A discussion concerning two possible approaches for achieving and sustaining a competitive advantage is followed by an assessment of the immediate competition in the Oklahoma City car rental market and two potential risks to profitability and a mitigation plan for each. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the car rental industry in general and the proposed launch… Continue Reading...

Socioeconomic Status, Family Structure, and Parental Involvement

attention of a parent, the working patterns of the mother, and familial structure. When it comes to data collection and statistical analysis, the study made use of survey and ANOVA respectively. This study found family affluence and parental education to be of significance when it came to the academic achievement of students. These factors, in the words of the author, "were key to students' postsecondary attainment, even when aspects of the home environment were taken into account." Section 2 The relevance of the present study cannot be overstated as it provides numerous other opportunities for further research. To begin… Continue Reading...

Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance

during two laboratory visits, and from the teacher taking place during a single school visit. When it comes to data collection, this study made use of structured techniques. The approaches used were observation and the utilization of questionnaires, with teachers in the latter case completing a questionnaire packet that included not only the child's academic performance in the classroom but also a measure of the involvement of the parent. The study results indicate that over and above the intelligence of a child, there is indeed a significant statistical connection or affiliation between the academic performance of a child and… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Business Information Systems

proposal attempts to fill the gap by carrying out a comprehensive research to address the problem. The data collection is one of the strategies that the proposal will employ in solving the research problems. data collection The methodology to solve the research problem consists of a systematic collection of data to test the hypothesis. The proposal will use the quantitative technique to collect data because this is the best data collection method to achieve the research objective. Unlike qualitative research that collects data with the semi-structured interview, the quantitative researcher collect data through a survey. One of the benefits… Continue Reading...

Robotic Surgery Essay

essential component to the learning process, yet at present there is little centralized data collection and analysis.  Given that all stakeholders would benefit from such data collection, it is not surprising that the literature would focus on this as a critical thread in innovation. Media Impact and Public Opinion If medical opinion about robotic surgeries is divided, public opinion is perhaps less so. There have been few studies on the subject of public response to robotic surgeries. A reasonable prediction would be that as long as a surgeon is in charge of the machine, that robotic surgery would be… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

priority, this problem not only remains unresolved, it appears to be worsening. Literature Review data collection The data for the preliminary literature review will be collected from university and public libraries, as well a reliable online academic research resources such as EBSCOHost and Questia. The data search was limited to peer-reviewed and scholarly texts that were published in the English language with a preference for those published within the last 5 years. The search terms used for the preliminary literature review included “school violence,” “bullying,” “school assaults,” “student on student assaults,” “assaults against teachers,” and so forth. The results of the… Continue Reading...

Coping with Emotional Challenges Among Salespersons

satisfaction will help show which set gave the customers a general sense of satisfaction and confidence. Plan for data collection The first data collection will be from peer reviewed articles from previously conducted researches and the pertinent issues noted. Then there will be data collected from both the sets of sales persons and the clients. There will be interviews conducted on both the control and the intervention sets of clients and clients as well with the aim of seeing if the intervention made the emotional equilibrium better and if this equilibrium reflected on the customers. 50 sales people are targeted… Continue Reading...

Effective Classroom Management Techniques

that are easily available and affordable for the class and home environment for practice purposes. data collection will include carrying out surveys and distributing mini-questionnaires that help students evaluate how the new system works. From the information collected, it will be easy to gauge on the weak and strong areas of the intervention program. Having this questionnaire will also be a form of students identifying with the program and understanding more on the areas that he/she needs to make improvements (Dreikurs, Grunwald, & Pepper, 2013). The process gives them room to speak their mind and hopes that the changes adopted… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

representative sample for a research.   he next segment focuses on data collection beginning with Chapter 9, which is centered on observational methods of data collection from participants while Chapter 10 discusses data collection through the use of surveys. Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

data Data acquisition takes long, requires widespread, and long-term continued data collection (Jenner & Lamadrid, 2013) Increased involvement of the federal government Maintains closer affiliations Better and improved control of the sector Enhanced consensus building, taxation, and compliance Reduced human capacity and limited skill base Limited funds More engaged federal government would highlight any hidden problems Better, central, and coherent control without much state and county interference (Ferrell & Sanders, 2013) Suffocating control, regulations, and compliance-requirements Limited personnel and resources at the federal level   5. Policy Recommendations and models of implementation a. Regulations · The fracking sector in USA… Continue Reading...

Sars and Patient Rights

had spread and what types of people were more susceptible. Thus, the whole point of the data collection was to obtain information for research purposes—and thus the people involved in the data collection should have been required to obtain informed consent from participants from whom blood was drawn. 3 Informed consent should have been required as the participants were being used as part of a data collection process for research purposes. It was not a case of prevention or a case of surveillance, but rather a case of the Center wanting to obtain information on the spread of the… Continue Reading...

Conducting an Interview with Education Stakeholder

the students in the most beneficial manner possible (Smith, 2013). Conclusion The formalized approach to data collection used in the school is less intuitive and less connected to the actual needs of the community than it should be. It uses interviews with teachers and test scores to identify needs that are used to make changes in the curriculum, but as the parent pointed out, the school must move beyond the curriculum to address the real issues—which are issues of maturity, place, responsibility, and growing up to care for one’s community. The curriculum is not the solution to the needs that the… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Social Media on Teenage Girls

each participant being interviewed on camera in a one-on-one format. This method of data collection will go hand in hand with the grounded theory that the research is centered in. Grounded theory will ensure that all interpretations emerge from the exact data collected. The interview process will help refine the data, and hopefully a common theme will emerge from the data particulars. This design is ideal for the type of research being gathered and the sensitivity of the research question. This is largely a result of the fact that an interview format will allow the participants to answer freely… Continue Reading...

Narrative Design

are guided by discussion in dialogue with the subject of the research. Various data collection approaches are available to the researcher. Such data can take various forms, including journal records, transcripts, observations, letter writing, class plans, stories, pictures, among others (Moen, 2006). Explorative research assignments can gain from narrative research because they aim at delving into the experiences and the process of making meaning of people from diverse backgrounds. The approaches are made use of across a broad span in the social sciences field. They are used in education, crime, health among others. They are also the main resource… Continue Reading...

Grounded Theory and Ethnography in Doctoral

alike, particularly in that both grounded theory and ethnography use observation as the primary tool of data collection (Najafi, Roudsari, Ebrahimipour, et al, 2016). Therefore, clarifying the differences between grounded theory and ethnography can help researchers understand which, if either, of these theories is most suitable for investigating the research question. Grounded Theory Based on the tenets of symbolic interactionism, grounded theory is used “to explore the process of the occurrence of a social process in a particular context and is used in order to study the social processes in human interactions, the structure, and the process that led… Continue Reading...

Motivation and Morale Police Administration

range of questions concerning their needs and how morale can be boosted. data collection The data will be collected using questionnaires. One of the key strong suits of questionnaires is that they facilitate quicker and candid collection of a huge amount of data. The data collected using this research instrument is highly impartial with very limited effect on research validity and reliability. This also implies that they are cost-effective as a great deal of data can be collected in a relatively short period of time. The questionnaires will comprise of two sections. The initial section will encompass demographic data question,… Continue Reading...

Homeopathic Vs Traditional Medicine for Respiratory Infection Essay

the Wisconsin Upper Respiratory Symptom Survey-21 allowed for a higher accuracy rate in data collection leading to more accurate results. Another strength of this study was the use a wide age range. Use of a wide age range led to the results seeming more concrete versus placing people from a small age range (40-65 years old) through the same trial. The results demonstrate the homeopathic medicine can work for anyone under the age of 65. The weakness lies in not using qualitative information. While it is a randomized controlled trial, the study could have benefitted in gaining some clarity… Continue Reading...

Special Education and Technology Integration Essay

districts from participating. Scope and Delimitations The scope of this qualitative case study was delimited to qualitative data collection methods that comprised of participant interviews, research, and the area selected. This led to a small sample size compared to similar studies conducted in schools containing greater age ranges for students and more school districts. Generalization could happen in qualitative studies and research, however, this was not the goal for this study. Significance of Study Findings from the study supported some theories and assumptions made by researchers in the field of special education and technology integration, specifically in an elementary school setting.… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

can include the perceptions of managers and employees alike, and ideally includes multiple methods of data collection. Interviews and focus groups would both be helpful methods of exploring the interactions between organizational culture variables and employee motivation variables. Location and Methods The location should ideally be a large metropolitan area, to study the effects of organizational culture and formal HR programs on high-potential employee retention in different companies. The researcher should randomly select organizations headquartered in the metropolitan area, or with major regional presence. Then, the researcher can carefully analyze the organizational cultures along several established parameters such as… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Criminal Justice

sensitive research from vulnerable populations. Moreover, Nouwen (2014) advises the application of anthropological paradigms and data collection methods to study structural variables in nuanced, multifaceted ways. Other ethical conundrums that may arise during the course of criminal justice research include “research fatigue,” presuming a colonialist/exploitative approach to gathering data without giving back to the community or individuals being interviewed, and the power politics inherent in information gathering (Nouwen, 2014, p. 244-246). Researchers tend to come from privileged positions, and therefore control the flow of information and the means by which data is gathered and processed. In fact, their goals… Continue Reading...

Personalized Learning Assessment

of translating mathematical intelligence to real life use have been achieved. data collection Plan The data collection method will be in form of questionnaires, interviews and structured tests administered to the students. The data collected will then be tabulated in excel sheets and stored in that manner. The data will be classified according to the level of the assessment, with the pre-test assessment results compiled, analyzed and stored in one workbook, the same to the formative and the summative assessments. In the three assessments, the type of data that will be of interest is the qualitative data since it will… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

the qualitative information provided an opportunity for improvement in discussing indwelling catheters with their patients. Scanlon (2017) used quantitative data collection to measure the success of their healthcare systems program by measuring the standardized infection ratio, incidence, and the number of catheter days of a healthcare system. The research was also to show quality improvement focusing on developing best practices and transferring them across the healthcare organization. The benefits of this study show the decrease in catheter days and also the reduction in the number of CAUTIs. The primary goal and objective of this study was to reduce hospital ICU… Continue Reading...

Social Network Map

a three-day sample of my contacts in the trauma hospital to create a social map. The three-day data collection period reflected my typical periods of work as a registered nurse in the hospital. I worked and communicated with a small group of 10 people or members of the multidisciplinary team. I communicated and worked with trauma doctor, respiratory therapist, cardiologist, lab technicians, the charge nurse, and other clinicians (nurses) in each of the three-day data collection period. My work at the trauma hospital is a typical 8-hour shift that begins by ensuring that trauma rooms have the required medical… Continue Reading...

Hospital Organizational Change Nurse Consultation

Nurse consultation requires the use of multiple, rigorous empirical methods. The data collection processed used in this case include both qualitative methods like interviews and focus groups, as well as quantitative data gathered from HCAHPS scores, patient metrics, and patient surveys. Although the current consultation strategy does not require formal comparisons with local organizations, other area healthcare institutions can offer meaningful points of comparison when inspiring change. The data collection methods will tacitly refer to the community, its needs, and also the need for the organization to better embrace corporate social responsibility models in their operating strategies. Description of… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence

at any time they felt they need to, without feel the duress to stay. There are two major data collection methods that will be used herein. The first will be the use of questionnaires to collect the preference of the students in the two sets of groups. These groups will be informed by the levels of EI levels with those with high EI in one group and on the other groups the participants with lower EI. The emotional intelligence test that will be used in this case will be drawn from the website for Institute of Health and Human Potential… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

choice, are one of the cornerstones of descriptive phenomenological research. Descriptive phenomenology can also use other data collection methods such as diaries, collections of oral histories. Researchers bracket their biases as much as possible using descriptive phenomenological methods, by refraining from asking too many guided questions or basing their research on a hypothesis. In some cases, the researcher may seek patterns in the data, which can then be qualified, clarified, or verified by further engagement with the participants: a method promoted by Colaizzi (Reiners, 2012). Other descriptive phenomenologists advocate the use of “expert judges” to ensure research validity (Reiners,… Continue Reading...

Benchmarking for a National Hospital Assessment

consultation requires the use of multiple, rigorous empirical methods. The data collection processed used in this case include both qualitative methods like interviews and focus groups, as well as quantitative data gathered from HCAHPS scores, patient metrics, and patient surveys. Although the current consultation strategy does not require formal comparisons with local organizations, other area healthcare institutions can offer meaningful points of comparison when inspiring change. The data collection methods will tacitly refer to the community, its needs, and also the need for the organization to better embrace corporate social responsibility models in their operating strategies. Description of Organization… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

healthcare setting/environment. To achieve the purposes of this project, the researcher has developed a comprehensive data collection plan that will help collect rich data. Some of the data collection instruments include interviews and video and audio recordings, which will be translated and transcribed. As shown in Table 1, the data collection outcomes included in the data collection plan are clinical, satisfaction, and cost outcomes.  Clinical outcome refers to measurable changes in the quality of care or health as a result of a healthcare intervention. Clinical outcomes play a critical role in determining the success of this project since medical… Continue Reading...

Statistical Significance and Meaningfulness Essay

to find.  This is perfectly okay—so long as the data collection and so on were all performed appropriately.       Research is not about always proving one’s assumptions true or about always have statistical significance.  If statistical significance is lacking, it is better to accept this and explain what was found by concluding that there was no clear or convincing relationship between the variables in this study.  It does not make the study suddenly more valuable to relax the significance standards.  The study will have meaning in and of itself if it has been conducted with validity and… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Problematic Pricing Strategy

competitive information and current trends in pricing should be based on Big data collection and analysis. Strategic intelligence based on data collection and analysis is the best way to collect, manage, process and understand what current trends in pricing are revealing. Importance of accurate measurement of price sensitivity of consumers. Still, Tesla must have an accurate measurement of price sensitivity of consumers. Considering that it is only now going to have the opportunity to discover how sensitive consumers are to the company’s current pricing strategy as tax credits in the amount of $7,500 disappear, Tesla is going to go… Continue Reading...

How Statistical Data Influences Evidence-based Practice

asked. References Castellanos, A., Castillo, A., Lukyanenko, R., & Tremblay, M. C. (2017). Understanding Benefits and Limitations of Unstructured data collection for Repurposing Organizational Data. Paper presented at the EuroSymposium on Systems Analysis and Design. Fortunato, A., Grainger, D. W., & Abou-El-Enein, M. (2018). Enhancing patient-level clinical data access to improve trial outcomes, promote evidence-based practice and incentivize therapeutic innovation. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews. Wang, Y., Kung, L., & Byrd, T. A. (2018). Big data analytics: Understanding its capabilities and potential benefits for healthcare organizations. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 126, 3-13.   Continue Reading...

The Health Care Administration

in charge of employees within the data department and also responsible for data collection, cleaning, presentation and interpretation if need be. Within the data department, there are related positions such as chief medical information officer, data officers and external data officer. These functions interact at various levels in the daily running of the data department within the hospital. The CIO is usually responsible for coordinating the data flow between the hospital and other organizations as well as the government agencies, he is also responsible for ensuring quality and clean data is generated on regular basis as is required. The… Continue Reading...

Chomsky Pinker Vs Whorf's Model

perspective). As linguistics has employed more quantitative and empirical methods of data collection and analysis, it becomes increasingly possible to make more cogent arguments about the efficacy of both Pinker’s or Whorf’s points of view. Pinker’s perspective is commonly called “nativism,” not to be confused with the racist political ideology that bears the same name (Levinson 25). Nativism in linguistics refers to the innate capacity of people for language development, based on evolutionary theory. According to Levinson, Pinker’s nativism rests on two assumptions. The first assumption aligns with Chomsky’s own research, and has to do simply with the “universal… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

the abstract should name the instrument and explain the procedures for data collection and statistical analysis. The abstract should not contain any in-text citations. The recommended length is 200–250 words. Physical education is an essential and necessary component of every child’s life. In order for maximum effect to be realized, children must have a healthy, positive attitude towards physical activity. However, with evidence to suggest that physical activity is on the decline and childhood obesity on the rise, investigating the attitudes of children towards physical education is important to understanding this phenomenon. This study will research the overall attitudes… Continue Reading...

How to Conduct a Cost Benefit Analysis

the implementation of an alternative that would be threat to the plan. data collection from data sources is a necessary part of this step: it entails looking at contractors, historical data, manpower required, project management offices, and budget constraints. Conclusion In conclusion, the problem that is affecting the city should not be viewed in negative terms but rather in positive terms—i.e., as an opportunity. The opportunity that is being presented the city is a favorable one. It has the opportunity to address its water treatment plant by pursuing a variety of viable alternatives. These alternatives could be used to… Continue Reading...

Psychology Phenomenology Descriptive Qualitative Methods

differently from physical phenomena,” (Giorgi, Giorgi & Morley, 2017, p. 177). Whereas the quantitative methods of data collection and analysis are appropriate for measuring and calculating the physical phenomena—which can be quantifiable—the qualitative methods of data collection and analysis are uniquely suited for dealing with the less tangible, more nebulous, and yet equally as important and significant phenomena associated with perception and cognition. The descriptive phenomenological approach will seem too soft for those who are steeped firmly in the scientific method. Quantitative data is hard, immutable, and reliable—and yet when it comes to addressing human psychology, quantitative methods are… Continue Reading...

Logical Positivism and Scientific Research

One has to be as aware of oneself as one is aware of others, the research design, the data collection tools, the data analysis methods, the theoretical perspective one is using to approach the subject, and so on. All of it matters. Science is really a holistic field—it leaves nothing out. It considers all things. Researchers have access to both quantitative and qualitative data—and both are important because both help us to understand. Conclusion What I conclude, therefore, is that researchers have a duty to observe and report. The observations they make should be stated without pretense: bias must… Continue Reading...

Trends Benefits and Implementation Challenges Open Data

in India. As Parihar (2015) points out, India’s “infrastructure to support efficient data collection, processing and management needs to be strengthened.” Next, there are also concerns that relate to the anonymisation of data. According to Green, Cunningham, Ekblaw, Kominers, Linzer, and Crawford (2017), raw data in some instances contains personally sensitive information. In the words of the authors, the fact that databases are not immune to manipulation means that “information that might not be deemed PII can lead to the identification of a specific individual and enable inferences to be made about that individual” (Green et al., 2017). For… Continue Reading...

Nursing Evidence Based Practice Research

online for free (Dieterle & Hooper-Lane, 2009). To prefer for effective data collection procedures, advance practice nurses should have in mind a question formulated in terms of variables like population and recommended interventions. Advance practice nurses may then enter keywords into databases like CINAHL to uncover the list of most recent and relevant research related to the practice question. If a plethora of sources on the research question confound solutions to the practice problem, the advance practice nurse can consult with colleagues or look for meta-analyses that allow for more robust data sets that can be applied to the… Continue Reading...

Cost Effectiveness Analysis for Evidence Based Project

this evidence-based project would incur some costs. Some of these costs relate to provider survey deployment and analysis, data collection, data analysis, collaboration with healthcare providers and patients, and printing. Additional costs include staffing, equipment, and training costs on the implementation of the proposed intervention. These costs would include both direct and indirect costs incurred by the researcher in development and implementation of the project in the selected healthcare facility. The measurable outcome of improved patient-provider communication will be determined over a 3-month time frame for all LEP patients visiting the healthcare provider during this period. The anticipated benefit… Continue Reading...

Provider Patient Communication Through Professional Interpreters

for comparison of the overall department attributes as shown in Appendix 1. Instrumentation The development or design of the data collection process for this study involved the use of a decision tree. Using the decision tree, the researcher started with defining the phenomenon of interest and research question, identifying the phenomena to be evaluated in order to answer the research question, and examining the availability of instruments to measure the phenomena (Bastos et al., 2014). data collection The data collection process commenced with seeking for approval from IRB chair and committee. This was followed by participants’ recruitment, planning for project execution,… Continue Reading...

Reliability Credibility and Validity

what may or may not work in regards to data collection and creation. To establish credibility member checking can again be employed. Member checking allows researchers to establish what level of expertise and education someone that has written something has (Varpio, Ajjawi, Monrouxe, O'Brien, & Rees, 2016). It is an important tool is establishing a valid interpretation of information via the validity of the person who wrote and collected the data. Another important technique used to establish credibility is triangulation. This is because it can be used both qualitatively and quantitatively. Triangulation can indeed improve credibility of scientific information… Continue Reading...

2016 Election

from the reporting process and depend solely on a method of data collection that is objective. The difference is such that it could affect my argument by challenging the validity and reliability of my research. A study that is based solely on the subjective responses of individuals will lack quantitative merit. However, as I would seek to combine qualitative with quantitative data, I could at least provide a bit of quantitative merit, even if the data is still relying on self-reporting. As there is no other way to understand the motives of voters, this mixed-methods approach is at least… Continue Reading...

Ten Strategic Points

is made up of purposely sampled organizations that are using a program for identification and development of high potential employees. data collection - Data will be collected through interviews developed through literature review. Data analysis - Collected data will be analyzed through descriptive analysis. A one-way MANOVA will be used for the analysis of results from the study to determine whether and how programs for identification and development of high potential employees impact human resource. Part B The purpose of the 10 strategic point’s document is to ensure that the research is doable, valuable, and credible. This document is developed… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Causation and Correlation

never sufficient for making a causal inference with confidence. It is important to have an appropriate data collection method. In order to make a causal inference it is important to gather data through the control of peripheral variables and experimental means which are likely to mislead the outcome (Bleske-Rechek, Morrison & Heidtke, 2015). Following the gathering of data using this method, if it can be established that the variable that has been manipulated experimentally has some correlation with dependent variable and that the correlation is not necessary linear, then the condition are right for making causal inference. This mean… Continue Reading...

Knowledge and Understanding in Sports

by using timing tools and measures and by testing accuracy, all of which are afforded by quantitative data collection instruments, such as a simple tally sheet on which data can be recorded by way of direct observation. However, it can be difficult to assess a student’s understanding because of the highly subjective nature of this quality and how it is demonstrated based on awareness of context and when and under what circumstances a skill should be implemented. The relationship between understanding and knowledge is closely linked but still each concept is quite distinct. Nedha (2015) regards knowledge as information… Continue Reading...

Research Design and Methods Used in Leadership

data collection in Leadership As a social science, leadership research may involve any type of quantitative or qualitative data collection method. Qualitative research data collection methods include observation, participant-observation, interview, and document or content analysis (“data collection Methods,” n.d.). Quantitative data collection methods used in leadership research may include surveys and experiments, which allow for statistical analysis, the establishment of causality between independent and dependent variables, and the tracking of results over time. Whereas quantitative data collection methods had once been the most commonly used in the social sciences, recent… Continue Reading...

Social Science Research Methods Gang Violence

population sample. Surveys and assessments were appropriately used for data collection. Descriptive questions used in the study directly and clearly describe responses to the major variables. For example, the surveys asked single pointed questions about whether the individual had family members in a gang but used the social self-control measure, a standardized assessment, for measuring social self-control. The authors used the Stressful Urban Life Events Scale to assess exposure to violence. Responses effectively measure the independent variables. However, aggression was not measured with observation or any objective reports but with a self-report measure. The self-report measure may not have… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

practices of social science empiricism with public policy and organizational psychology. For example, qualitative methods of data collection such as focus groups would be used to address the problems in a community experiencing anti-Semitism or anti-Islam behaviors (Dalton, Elias & Wandersman, 2012). Ultimately, the goal of community psychology will be to affect social change. The nature of that change could be the tangible reduction in incidences of bullying or oppression, to promote gender equity, or to increase overall civic pride. Of course, community psychologists also address mental health issues like depression or substance abuse as they are manifestations of… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments

the case given that in addition to explaining the participant selection approach, the authors also clearly highlight the data collection techniques. Instrumentation has also been sufficiently discussed, with special regard to the survey, instructor immediacy, and social presence. 8. What type of statistical analysis is used and why? The authors made use of a one-way ANOVA. Towards this end, the authors sought to assess statistical significance – with significance (F (3, 433) = 97.972, p = .000) being demonstrated by the ANOVA collating the four groups. The research hypotheses were supported. 9. What are the major conclusions of the… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Management in Nonprofit Organizations

in the organization will be received prior to commencing data collection. Focus groups will expand the sample population to include members of the nonprofit sector in nine different countries. Using a diverse sample will increase the reliability and generalizability of the results. All ethical guidelines for social science research will be followed, including the affirmation of participant anonymity and confidentiality of information shared in the focus groups. Demographic data, including the amount of time an employee has been with the organization, will be collected in the interests of finding a possible link between demographic factors and the types of… Continue Reading...

U.s. Health Care System Research Questions and Design

R. L. (1997). Successful aging. The gerontologist, 37(4), 433-440. 2 A questionnaire research method allows the researcher to obtain data through a written data collection instrument such as a survey. The questionnaire may pose questions or statements to a respondent; these can be open-ended or closed-questions and depending on how the researcher wants to analyze the data, they can be written responses that are provided by the participant or they can be selected responses, such as is typical in a Likert scale measure (Van Laerhoven, Van Der Zaag-Loonen & Derkx, 2004). A hypothetical research scenario would be to obtain information on the impact… Continue Reading...

Collecting Quantitative and Qualitative Data

probability sampling is beneficial for quantitative research as well as mixed method research approaches (Teddlie & Yu, 2007). data collection Method: Interviews Interviews enable accurate screening because the interviewee is able to capture both the non-verbal and verbal communication. Interviews also help in capturing accurate data with respect to conditions such as race, age and gender. The interviewer is also able to keep the interviewee focused and hence the ability to capture the actual behavior and emotions necessary to make a determination. With interviews the researcher has the ability to choose the right candidate for a research. With an interview… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse Among Patients

to be addressed most critically first and foremost. Each data source also helps to provide triangulation of data collection, which makes the research stronger and more compelling in terms of obtaining trustworthy data that is truly representative of the problem. The more sources of data one uses in research, the clearer the picture can become. By using both qualitative and quantitative data collection methods, the research takes on a mixed-methods approach that provides a fuller perspective on the issue. First comes the process of gathering information from scholarly articles. This serves as the basis of all evidence based practice:… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Six Themes in Entrepreneurship

that opportunities are objective. An entrepreneur can capitalize on an assortment of data collection and analysis methods to comprehend the possible results linked with an opportunity, together with the probability of those results. Alvarez and Barney (2007) give the example of Mount Everest. In particular, it took several years to notice that the mountain exited, and several years more to be able to determine the height. However, in spite of these difficulties, at no point did any individual doubt whether this information could be obtainable. Gruber, Kim, and Brinckmann (2015) point out that, agents create or develop their opportunities… Continue Reading...

Alignment and Social Change

The criteria I could use to evaluate alignment between data collection methods and other research components, such as problem, purpose, research questions, and design would be a) reliability and b) validity. Validity refers to whether the study measures what it intends to measure. Reliability refers to whether the study’s findings can be reproduced were the methodology to be duplicated and the study essentially conducted again using a similar sample. To obtain reliability and validity, the research study question should align the method of collecting data. This means that if the researcher is… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

onion contains six levels and all six are essential for an effective research. They are; Research Strategy Research Approach Research Choice Research Philosophy data collection Method Time Horizons 7.2 Saunders’s Research Onion source: Saunders et al (2009 p 108) The ways in which this research should be carried out is based on the broader science philosophies. Research has its basis in observations (data) and reasoning (theory). The ways reasoning and observation are linked to one another is a long-term and still existing philosophical deliberation concerning knowledge development. Though several researchers carry out thorough research without giving thought to basic philosophical knowledge, some of this… Continue Reading...

Africa and Cultural Studies

allow for the researcher to resist inserting himself into the data collection and analysis process and simply allow the threads to appear as they do and follow them and analyze them according to the criteria stipulated in the methodology. Being upfront about one’s subjective assumptions can help to allow the actual meaning of facts to emerge through the data collection process as well. One can approach a subject with a sense of what the meaning of things already is—so it is important in this case for the researcher to state those ideas up front and to allow the reader… Continue Reading...

Evaluating a Health Program

should also be instructed on how to keep the journal. data collection instruments, such as surveys and interview questions have to be piloted to ensure reliability and validity. The survey instrument should include information on demographics, knowledge of Alzheimer’s, knowledge of risk factors (falls, confusion, anger, etc.), knowledge of the value of physical activity in reducing the risk of falls; attitudes about Alzheimer’s; stress levels; interaction with staff. Staff interviews should also be conducted in order to assess what level of awareness and role they played in the intervention (Harris, 2010). Analyzing and Interpreting the Data Once data has… Continue Reading...

Intervention Plan for Valuing Diversity

the leader to understand the issues that surround diversity. The data collection methods can be rapid data collection, assessments, and analysis. The nurse leader should collect and analyze the information that is available on diversity. The data should be collected from every person in the organization to ensure there is no bias. Once the data is collected, it should be analyzed so that the nurse leader can have a clear picture of the diversity level at the organization. One cannot solve a problem that is not well understood. Carrying our research on diversity at the workplace gives the nurse… Continue Reading...

Intellectual Disabilities

science research: A systematic review of phenomenological studies using interviews for data collection”. The researchers, Deirdre, Taggart and Cousins (2015), examined the manner in which people suffering from intellectual disabilities could consent to their participation in a research. The researchers also discuss the methods of information dissemination and the methodology used in that dissemination hence increasing research value. Further, the researchers examine the manner in which Heideggerian phenomenology can be applied on people suffering intellectual disabilities. This research by Corb, Taggart and Cousins (2015) utilizes a systematic investigation review that utilized phenomenological methods in conducting interviews among intellectually disabled… Continue Reading...

Regulatory Measures Involving 1984 Sentencing Reform Act

Assessing Compliance with the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines: The Significance of Improved data collection and Reporting. Federal Sentencing Reporter, 16(1), 43-51. According to this article, following years of dispute on the subject of the significance of organizational ethics, federal authorities have decided upon institutionalizing ethics in the form of a buffer for preventing companies from engaging in legal violations. The article delineates basic FSG requirements, besides recommending actions to be adopted by managers for improving conformity to ethics. A sound compliance initiative is more of a commitment as compared to an organization conduct-related blueprint. The organization must cultivate a corporate climate promoting… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

to national and international policymaking, as has recently been demonstrated by the EU’s new laws pertaining to data collection by tech firms. Agencies that collect and monitor tech data are not bound by borders but rather can extend their influence over multiple countries and nations. Technology exists to monitor internationally persons who travel and who have connections overseas and abroad, and in the U.S. it is possible that they will be monitored and watched. General Approach for DHS and FEMA to Retain Ethical Considerations in Mind When Using New Technologies The U.S. Department of Justice notes that “law enforcement-private… Continue Reading...

Epidemiology and Valley Fever

should be useful. Data System Data systems in epidemiology are used to collect data and analyze it. data collection methods can include surveys, randomized-controlled trials, and interviews. The data system is an integral part of epidemiology because it allows the researcher to gather, record and then analyze data using computer modeling, statistical analysis, regression models, and so on. Characteristic sampling could be conducted in one system and compared to randomized sampling in another. As the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (1997) note, “a data-collection system can be either a compendium or a systematic survey. That is, it can consist… Continue Reading...

Fair Housing Act

the impact and success of these actions. ii. Guidelines of data collection The collection of accurate and relevant data is important for the continuance of fair housing. Consequently, reviewed HUD regulations ought to mention that jurisdictions ought to incorporate in their assessments of impediments the gathering and documentation of appropriate demographic patterns together with concentrations of ethnic, racial, religious, linguistic, or income groups and disable individuals as shown in state federal, and other reliable sources of information and data (HUD, 2017). The analysis/ evaluation of impediments should include demographic information and other related fair housing data. The evaluations ought to… Continue Reading...

Parental Involvement That Boost Young Children’s Academic Performance

of this study is to do this. Research Design and Methods The methods of data collection will be interviews and questionnaires. The research question is, “In what ways does parental involvement impact the academic performance of children in their 3rd and 7th grade?” Information for the study will be collected from an elementary school and involve 6 teachers, 18 parents, and 18 students. Half of the children will come from grade 3 and a half from grade 7. The research will also be done using the bracketing concept to ensure that the personal values or thoughts of the researcher do not… Continue Reading...

Big Data in Criminology and Law Enforcement

may be unreported or underreported. References Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS, 2016). data collection: National Crime Victimization Survey. https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=dcdetail&iid=245 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI, 2018). Uniform crime reporting (UCR) program. https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/ucr United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (2018). ICVS. http://www.unicri.it/services/library_documentation/publications/icvs/ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC, 2018). United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/United-Nations-Surveys-on-Crime-Trends-and-the-Operations-of-Criminal-Justice-Systems.html Continue Reading...

The Future Of Healthcare Technology

further developed have functions in place for reasoning and inferences. This allows them to combine both data collection and knowledge in a way that is relevant and useful to the current patient situation (HealthIT.gov, 2018). Clinical support systems are currently a requirement for healthcare facilities that accept Medicare and Medicaid (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, 2014). There are also quite a few systems of one the market from major manufacturers. This area is highly lucrative for both suppliers and healthcare providers. By now, most healthcare staff are familiar with using clinical support systems as a part of their… Continue Reading...

Personal Learning the Field Of Qualitative Research

objectives of the study require proper conceptualization, documentation, and determination of everything involved including sampling approaches, data collection methods, dissemination strategy and format, analysis and instrument development. Though the most challenging section of a research initiative is establishing objectives, the process must be put into consideration so as to guide data collection. The following is a base format from which you can start to strategically build your research (Creswell & Poth, 2018). Decision section Given Options (options may not be mutually exclusive) Certain Considerations Primary Purpose of the Study Understand a Real-World Problem. Research should mainly be based on… Continue Reading...