Discrimination Essays


Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

hypothetical firm -- Pharmacare -- and address the issues of corporate responsibility and ethics. Background Information on Case New Jersey-based company, Pharmacare (We CARE about YOUR health®) counts among the leading pharmaceutical firms across the globe. It is reputed for being an ethical, well-managed and caring corporation that manufactures superior-quality products aimed at saving the lives of millions and enhancing the QOL (quality of life) of millions of other people. Its offering constitutes discounted and free medicines to people with low income. Furthermore, the company has a charity sponsoring scholarships and health education programs. Pharmacare's Chief Executive is a Phrma… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

spoke of one another using rude and offensive language. This discrimination among the two groups is socially constructed and deep-rooted. Their hostility has arisen out of differences in their everyday dealings (Philippe Bourgois, et al., 2006).   Advocacy Movements The Oxford Analgesic Social Work Textbook's coeditor, Terry Altilio, who directs social work within the New York Beth Israel Hospital's pain medicine and palliative care unit, states that pain advocacy is a complex aspect in clients' lives. The licensed clinical social worker further states that social work skills inevitably apply to pain-related advocacy, which constitutes a social justice issue impacting… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

mentioned covers things like employment length and contracts, the Equality Act of 2010 pertains more to discrimination and conduct that is prohibited when it comes to the same. Not unlike Title VII in the United States, there is a specific list of things that cannot be the basis for employment decisions. One that is covered straight of the top in the very first part of the law is socioeconomic inequalities. However, the law is much more verbose and specific when it comes to the protected classes in the law. These include age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and/or civil partnership… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

very core, the conflict in the case is about racial discrimination. Legal advocates and scholars have given various definitions to racism and have focused on disparate impact and differential treatment. Their definitions can be crystallized into differential treatment occurring when individuals are accorded unequal treatment because of their race and disparate impact occurring when individuals are subject to the same treatment based on specific predefined procedures and rules, but where the procedures and rules are structured in favor of one group (Devah Pager & Hana Shepherd, 2008). Issues to Resolve Where there is a history of discriminative practices, an… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

(Mundbjerg Eriksen et al., 2016). Priest, N., King, T., Becares, L., & Kavanagh, A. M. (2016). Bullying Victimization and Racial discrimination among Australian Children. American Journal of Public Health, 106(10), 1882-1884. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303328 This article addresses a social issue on bullying which has often been attached to racial discrimination in many societies today. The article finds out that discrimination takes advantage of bullying and often leads to consequential effects among the young people. The article is significantly relevant in seeking ways to protect children from discrimination and abuse. The article applies to social psychology in that it addresses an issue in… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

of race? Black/White binary been has been central to the discussion of race because of Perceived racial discrimination (PRD). This is even more so with Black women. Precisely, there has been a decline in obvious racial discriminatory conduct (segregation, rights to vote) and quick rise in subtle racial discriminatory behavior. At the center of these issues for Black women is a struggle over nationality, power, and control that rotates around not just, but gender. Black/White binary has been central to the discussion of race because indirect racial discrimination has likewise been theorized as racial microaggressions. Racial microaggressions are defined as… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

conditions have been regulated for offering maternity protection (e.g., mandating organizational provision of maternity leave). Secondly, laws fighting discrimination have imposed responsibilities on organizations to make arrangements for breastfeeding and lactation at the workplace. Lastly, governments have promoted the best breastfeeding support practices (including providing relevant education and support to interested organizations) (Julie Smith, et al., 2013). 1. The latest ILO (International Labor Organization) convention on maternity protection (C183) includes minimum workplace standards for paid maternity time-offs and lactation breaks. 2. Since somewhere during the mid-nineties, the public health policy of Australia has openly supported sustained and exclusive breastfeeding… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction

stereotypes that have fueled these notions. Thus, many women still face discrimination in leadership roles and some form of barrier for rising to decision-making positions (Crites, Dickson & Lorenz, 2015). Researchers concur that in the USA, the masculine approach has been touted as the more successful leadership style in its culture. It is assumed that a masculine leadership style is a hallmark of a rigid approach, driven by productivity and objectivity, and has its eyes cast on the end result (Jackson et al., 2014). Such gender stereotypes that women are warm, soft, caring and nurturing, juxtaposed with the stereotype… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Religion

and civil rights is a salient as it has ever been. • The constitution protects individuals from discrimination in the public sphere by guaranteeing a set of basic rights and freedoms. • However, there are many religious groups that claim that their religious freedoms entitle them to have some discriminatory powers relative to individuals that are in opposition to their religious beliefs. • U.S. Civil Rights Commission issued a report recently outlining some of the contemporary tensions in the balance between church and state (Davidson, 2016): • "Religious exemptions to the protections of civil rights based upon classifications such as… Continue Reading...

Fairy Stories

sees both the grass and the color green in its discrimination. The inventive mind, the doctrine of creative imagination has, clearly, informed such description. The fairy story is, basically, a product of secondary imagination. The latter is an echo of the primary imagination that perceives and creates reality. Creative imagination must be perceived with the seriousness it deserves in Tolkien's theory of the Fairy. The developer, the writer of such a story is a sub-creator because he creates a world in which the reader enters and lives. The state of the mind of the reader is rather roughly described… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

Racial Equality Like other forms of discrimination and bigotry in the United States, racism has thankfully started to tail off and reduce over the years and generations. However, this is happening at a pace that is frustratingly slow and plodding. Court decisions and new laws passed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries have led to more inclusion and less institutional racism and other bigotry. However, de facto racism and other forms of bigotry still remain present and problematic. This report shall cover a lot of the facets… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

social justice system, doing so is a huge asset to the organization as proven discrimination against the disabled is indeed a crime and the organization has a right to police their people in a way that prevents or stops this from occurring. As noted before, if there are people that cannot or will not abide by the standards of behavior and inclusion that are set forth by the organization, the organization has every right to enforce their ideals (Pless & Maak, 2004) Finally, we come to a question about whether legislation is enough to eliminate discrimination in the workplace.… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Fatness in America Body Image

topic and how it relates to American body culture. In the last six decades obese people have faced discrimination in American society because of their physical appearance. Typically, society has categorized obese people as unhealthy individuals; their appearance causes discomfort; they are viewed pessimistically by employers and their career opportunities as a result have been limited. While more than 27% of the American population is obese, the federal government does nothing to prevent employment discrimination against obese or overweight people. The focus of this paper will be to analyze the issue of cultural discrimination against obese and overweight individuals… Continue Reading...

Theoretical Perspectives and Organizational Practices

gender and racial background. This finding is largely true as instances of discrimination against women and minorities at the workplace are not rare. Finally, diversity receptivity may be influenced by interpersonal relationships. As explained by Soni (2000), interactions between members of different gender and racial backgrounds were quite disturbing, with most members often socializing with members with similar gender and racial background. Reduced contact between members of dissimilar racial and gender identity can affect receptivity to diversity initiatives. Whereas Soni's (2000) study is limited by its case study nature, it provides valuable insights about the improvement of diversity management… Continue Reading...

Inclusion-exclusion in the Workplace

to the fact that they emanate from diverse groups. Therefore, different forms of discrimination such as racism, ageism, and sexism could be one of the reasons, both intentionally and unintentionally. Another reason could be the aspect of economic and financial self-interest, whereby individuals could be restricted to access power and economic resources. In turn, this can lead to job discrimination of women and minorities and segregation in promotional prospects. Another reason could be as simple as cliched insights and also a sense of discomfort with the individuals considered to be different. Usually, individuals have a tendency of being comfortable… Continue Reading...

When Work Disappears

conditions and salaries. Issues such as sexual harassment, equality, and discrimination have also dominated organizational, policy, and scholarly discourses. Organizations are now aware that ignoring these issues may lead to disastrous consequences on them such as litigations, employee turnover, and negative reputation. Indeed, commitment to diversity and human rights constitute some of the major criteria upon which organizations are ranked with respect to employer satisfaction. In essence, education has made the workplace a better place for employees. Reference Wilson, W. (1996). When work disappears: the world of the new urban poor. New York: Knopf. Continue Reading...

American Body Culture Annotated Bibliography

Claims to Court." New York Times, August 4, 2003. Greenhouse focuses on the discrimination issue against obese citing example of how Mcdonald discriminated Joseph Connor because he was an obese provoking Connor to sue Mcdonald for not employing him because of his weight. Typically, increasing number overweight people in the United States are facing similar discrimination and law are offering little protection to address the problem. The author maintained that 27% of American are overweight or obese and the data is climbing daily coupled with the criticism against Mcdonald. The issue makes the advocates for the overweight are lobbying to… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

persist today. There are still remnants of sexism and discrimination at various education levels and this creates a hostile learning environment for both boys and girls (California State University, Northridge). One of the influences on the learning environment, upon which both school systems and the government have no control, is the learner's attitudes. If these attitudes are not well informed, then they can lead to biases in a classroom. The society's influences on the players in the education sector may be carried into the classroom. Sexism among teachers is a learned bias that they pick up from the society… Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of discrimination discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language, and other demographics (Cleveland, Vescio & Barnes-Farrell, p. 149).… Continue Reading...

Sexuality and Gender at Work

apply such terms to individuals who do not welcome them is to misstep in the direction of discrimination. It is important that everyone be treated equally and that no one be looked at differently just because of one's gender identity or one's sexuality. That is what this chapter helped me to realize. However, at the same time, it also taught me that these terms can indicate that there are issues that need to be better understood still -- such as what it means for gender and sexuality to relate and especially in the light of the DSM-IV section on… Continue Reading...

Role Of Labour Market Imperfections in Generating Unemployment

characterised by imperfections. The imperfections stem from factors such as monopsony, trade unions, wage discrimination, labour immobility, government interventions, as well as incomplete information on the part of workers (Manning, 2010; Abbritti, Boitami and Damiani, 2012). Indeed, labour markets are persistently imperfectly competitive (Dwivedi, 2010). Imperfections in the labour market often play a significant role in generating unemployment (Baker et al., 2004; Jha and Golder, 2008). They do so by hindering employment creation, determining wages, and creating wage inequalities (Boeri and Ours, 2013). With reference to Europe, this paper analyses the link between labour market imperfections and unemployment. First,… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

the most capable candidates in the job market; reduction in number of discrimination lawsuits; reduced turnover rates; and increased HR productivity with regard to employee satisfaction, turnover intention, job involvement, and corporate citizenship behavior. From the aforementioned outcomes, it clearly follows that HR productivity will improve. Thus, company executives and supervisors should prove particularly efficient in integrating diverse age groups, cultures and genders, and strive to the best of their ability to organize multiplicity and diversity. For ensuring an edge over rivals in the current globalized world, multinationals should be cognizant of the significance of a culturally- diverse, -sensitive,… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Bias

constituted in such a way that the verdict would not possibly be based on grounds of racial discrimination, he handed down several rulings that gave impetus to the defense case in the course of the trial. He topped it up in a four hour charge to the jury in which he highlighted three distinct legal justifications for the police to act the way they did. He went on to ventilate on the possible verdict by the jury by stating that they could find the police officers not guilty if they had thought that they were trying to prevent a… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of discrimination discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language, and other demographics (Cleveland, Vescio & Barnes-Farrell, p. 149). The differences… Continue Reading...

Native American Art in Southwest

is an exotic "other," who has no voice and who is objectified and subjected to judgment and discrimination. However, some artists manage to go beyond the objectification of the Indian to make a real statement about the relationship between colonizer and colonized. The engagement with the art of the Southwest shows how European-Americans grapple with their own role as spectators in the land that belongs to the Native person. Even when those people have been displaced, as with the Creek and Cherokee to Oklahoma, they are forced to form new communities of resistance. A visit to the Woolaroc gallery… Continue Reading...

Art Education Field

can effectively tackle issues like bigotry, wrong preconceived notions, racism, ethnocentrism, typecasting, discrimination, etc. (Isa). Art Assessment Sabol asserts that arts evaluation teems with challenges not requiring other academic disciplines to intervene. Conventional evaluation techniques typically fail at exploring the most major forms of arts-learning, like thought advancement, creative thinking or problem-solving skill development, etc. Other student art-education facets are vague and hard to depict in work samples and grading guidelines. Art teachers frequently struggle with assessing areas like creativity, personal expression, and idea/concept evolution within pupils' artworks. Still, some kind of appraisal, entailing systematic collection of particular proofs… Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice, Race, and Poor Testimony

Miranda Fricker's 'Central Case' of Testimonial Injustice Considering a case in which Tom, a black man is alleged to have raped a white woman; Miranda explores how injustice happens within the confines of offering testimony. Tom is a black man living in Alabama accused of raping a white woman. Every detail and evidence that tries to bring out Tom as not the possible suspect are disapproved because of Tom's blackness. Tom has no power to harm anyone using some part of his body, a solid and physical prove that he is not the one who might have raped the white… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

decision of female workers' right to pursue a class action gender discrimination suit against the retail chain. Despite Walmart's status on the global scene, one must not forget the fact that it is essentially a product of rural Ozark. It is worth noting that the retailer is considered synonymous with Americanism's religious fundamentalist and traditionalist version, which advocates free enterprise whilst simultaneously rejecting labor laws and unions. Although the retail chain might have, arguably, been the birthplace of the concept of 'big box' retailing or, at least, may have perfected it, not much indication as to how Target and… Continue Reading...

Todays Strategic Human Resource Management

be followed by human resources departments, governing different forms of job discrimination. The basis of discrimination law is Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Title VII prohibits discrimination in hiring, promotion, discharge, pay, fringe benefits, job training, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment, on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Other acts have been passed, building on the framework of Title VII. These include the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Age discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, providing protections against discrimination for the disabled and for those over 40 as well. All… Continue Reading...

Poverty in Young and Middle Adulthood

settings which typically sustain numerous economic obstacles to a number of groups, gender and racial discrimination give rise to the most sinister barriers (Jordan, 2004). For me, a second key element of the structural poverty theory is: increasing poverty in females forms a salient structural factor. The unduly high poverty rates in females can be considered an effect of patriarchal societies which continually resists female societal inclusion and advocates the historical male dominance. Consequently, welfare initiatives have been devised for stigmatizing public advocacy for females (Jordan, 2004). What aspects of this theory do you find problematic in terms of… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

article detailing a woman's experience in Goldman Sachs, shows the level of discrimination women endured in a male-dominated company. Details of promotions going to men over women regardless of effort and experience was common place. "But Forbes's Helaine Olen raised another possibility: Perhaps Goldman (and other banks) discriminate against their female employees either overtly, through promotions, or through fomenting an atmosphere that makes it harder for women to do their jobs" (MYUNG-OK LEE, 2012). Sexual harassment, and overt misogyny was normal and men felt they could treat women as inferiors regardless of their position within the company. The writer… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Harassment at the Workplace

Workplace discrimination leads to a mismatch between qualified workers and their jobs, and it carries significant economic consequences in the American workplace. Okechukwu, Souza, Davis and Castro (2014) define workplace discrimination as unfair rules and conditions that impair the ability of group members. It is motivated by inferiority and mistreatment of the disadvantaged group over the dominant group. It is based on races and even occurs among disadvantaged groups themselves. For example, some ethnic groups are favored than immigrant workers. discrimination does exist with respect to age,… Continue Reading...

Gerontology Aging and America

and Evolution The OAA has been reapproved and amended since 1965. In 1967, the Age discrimination Act was passed. In 1972, the Office of Long-term Care Ombudsman Programs was created to provide a state level representative to ensure the rights of elders within their states of residence, including Puerto Rico and Guam. Several of the existing seven titles were added on in subsequent years, like the Office of Elder Justice and Adult Protective Services for Title VII in 1992, and the Office for American Indian, Alaska Natives and Native Hawaiian Programs for Title VI, which was added in 1978. The… Continue Reading...

Business Organization Questions

are clearly outlined so there is no discrepancy or room for discrimination or favoritism. Second, the employee is made aware of the first offence in ways that are compassionate, allowing managers to correct the problem with the cooperation of the employee instead of immediately using coercion. The result is improved communication, and even "higher performance and productivity," (Guerin, n.d.). The discipline is also fair as well as allowing the company to avoid legal or other complications that would have arisen if the discipline was overly harsh. For example, if employees come to work late, it is not grounds for… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

America, cleaving to their religious heritage and community of origin becomes critical in the face of discrimination (Peek, 2005). discrimination can, in face become the means by which young adults construct an even firmer foundation as a Muslim in America. When a bicultural identity no longer serves to provide social and psychological sustenance, the individual might find it more fruitful to align with the subculture and adopt a more Muslim identity. The identity development can become oppositional in character after the experience of discrimination. However, Skerry (2016) found that biculturalism remains strong in the Muslim community in America even… Continue Reading...

Dual Enrolment Implications for Community College Leadership

appears an unlikely scenario, it cannot be ignored altogether. Exhibiting preference for dual enrolees may unexpectedly increase discrimination in the selection of college applicants. This may challenge the primary role for which community colleges were established -- expanding access to education. College administrators must ensure a level-playing field for all college applicants, irrespective of their dual enrolment status; however, achieving this may not be as easy as it may seem (Karp, 2015). Pretlow & Patteson (2015) reiterate the significance of ensuring equitable participation in dual enrolment programs for all categories of students. Generally, the rationale behind dual enrolment programs… Continue Reading...

Method to Motivate Multigeneration Workforce

about the generation difference assists in reducing the age discrimination and alleviating the problem of brain drain because some new generation leaves the work environment because they believe they cannot cope working with the older generation. Additionally, talent managers are required developing a strategy to motivate employee of different generation by improving the employee morale and engagement. Tomi Slav, & Nina Poloski, (2014) argue that a major strategy to manage multi-generation workforce is to integrate the generation differences in the work design. The authors point out that managers should look for a common job characteristic of this generation, developing… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

other words, females ought to demand the Congress to enact a law forbidding gender discrimination by states. This would afford voting rights to females, if the law was incorporated into the Constitution. Further, Anthony cites various failed female attempts at gaining suffrage. She claims their pleas were simply overlooked and stacked amid National archives. She argues that the government would be unable to overlook a large petition and the petitioners' cause. Lastly, she draws attention to African-American males' voting rights and raises the logical question of whether Black men and women are actually unequal before the law, as the… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

honesty in their work. They must particularly uphold the rights of every inmate and avoid any kind of discrimination (Braswell, McCarthy & McCarthy, 2008). Respecting the civil and legal rights of inmates is a particularly important point of consideration as far as the ethical conduct of correctional officers is concerned. Even though they constantly face the risk of assault from violent inmates, correctional officers must acknowledge that inmates have rights and liberties protected by the constitution. They must also demonstrate equality when enforcing prison rules and regulations, administering sanctions, and carrying out any other duty required for the achievement… Continue Reading...

Global Comparisons in Workplace Discrimination

Workplace discrimination can be understood as an inappropriate, unjustifiable treatment towards a person or a set of people at the workplace. Such undesirable treatment is based more often on people's race, ethnicity, age, marital status, sex or other describing characteristics (Australian Human Rights Commission, n.d). Workplace discrimination can give the impression of a repudiation of particular civil liberties, neglectful treatment, deliberate undervaluing of an employee's character or work outcomes and attainments. Workplace discrimination is not only done by the employee but by the fellow employees or peers… Continue Reading...

Minority Women in the Oil and Gas Industry

pursue research that will raise awareness, inspire discussion and compel action against racism, discrimination, and the dangers of erecting gender, social, economic or racial barriers. Consequently, my current research interests include most especially the manner in which gender discrimination adversely affect minority women in general and African-American in particular in the workplace and their personal lives, most especially in the oil and gas industry. While additional research is needed, the studies to date clearly indicate that there are many occupational fields that remain male dominated (Key, Popkin, Munchus, Wech, Hill & Tanner, 2012) despite legislative efforts to eliminate gender-based… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

continually shows how difficult it can be to dismantle stereotypes. discrimination applies to females as well as people of color, contending with patriarchal and European hegemony. In fact, Dietz, et al. (2015) found that the more highly skilled an immigrant is, the more discrimination that person experiences in the workplace. A similar effect is witnessed in the case study on Tiffany's, which is perceived to be a company that appeals to a rich white cohort. It is as if the people in power cling to their perceived cultural identities and in order to retain those identities, subconsciously or consciously… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

has been able to offer the human rights provisions without discrimination to the minority group, the Sharia law fails to provide the human rights provisions to the minority groups. It is revealed that Islam fails to offer religious equality to all people. While the religious pluralism is allowed under the Sharia law, in practice, non-Muslim minorities have not been able to achieve a full religious liberty. For example, non-Muslim minorities are encouraged to convert to Muslim, however, it is often challenging when Muslims intend to convert to other religions. A conversion from Islam to other religions is generally viewed… Continue Reading...

Globalisation and Business Cultures and Practices

regardless of cultural background. Diversity management further involves addressing and preventing victimisation, bullying, harassment, prejudice, discrimination, and stereotyping motivated by differences in cultural background. In the contemporary workplace, organisations have increasingly paid attention to inclusiveness and fairness in decision making and human resource practices. This is particularly true for the UK, Australia, and New Zealand, where immigrants comprise a significant portion of the population (French, 2010). Managers in such environments -- whether they oversee international operations or not -- must effectively manage cultural differences and extensively take advantage of the benefits diversity may bring. Creating such an inclusive and… Continue Reading...

Enactment Of the 19th Amendment Xix

of Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The campaign was aimed at illegalizing any discrimination on the basis of sex. It is through such efforts that the spirited fight to grant women equal social, political and economic rights would be sustained[footnoteRef:2]. The southern black women only had a chance to participate in the political and economic process as equals in the 1960s. The passing of the 19th Amendment was nevertheless a great milestone that stirred the sensitivities of political custodians to respond to the call for the recognition of the rights of women in America. [1: Sara Hunter Graham, Woman suffrage… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

have been subjected to a myriad of oppressive treatment and discrimination. They have been victims of forced labor and other forms of oppression. Some of the treatment is sheer brutality, an extremely inhuman act. There are reports that in 2006, about 26 000 people had been displaced because of violence in the eastern part of Burma. There are senseless state organized killings and torture. The youth and men are forced to be porters and mine detectors. Women are raped systematically. The oppression is likely to be forcing the Karen people to dissonance, resistance and immersion as highlighted earlier about… Continue Reading...

Notion Of White Fragility

way. While there have been numerous to fight racial prejudice and discrimination in North America, white people seemingly believe that their skin color (Whiteness) gives them privilege and status over other races. Additionally, the society has seemingly established protective resources and benefits that advance and reinforce white supremacy, which is in turn the premise of white fragility. Due to the notion of white supremacy, white people are flimsy to gossip, voyeurism and any other actions that threaten their perceived racial privilege. Apart from perceived white supremacy or superiority, white fragility is also founded on the belief that racism is… Continue Reading...

Social Justice

The form of oppression and discrimination discussed in Unit 2 is mental health problems among veteran are further compounded by other problems such as financial difficulties, joblessness, marriage problems, social isolation, and homelessness (Smith et al., 2017). These problems are major risk factors for suicide and substance abuse. The federal policy from the Library of Congress that relates to this social justice is the Affordable Healthcare Act. Include a description of the programs and services that are provided through the policy. What is the purpose of this policy? What problem does it seek to remedy?… Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

and the UK have even enacted robust legislations prohibiting workplace discrimination on the basis of characteristics such as gender, racial background, religion, and sexual orientation. Nonetheless, workplace diversity remains largely a strange or an unpopular concept in conservative countries like Saudi Arabia. What this means for a British MNC such as GSK is that the pressure to implement HRM strategies that promote workplace diversity would be greater in the U.S. than in Saudi Arabia. In other words, GSK would be less concerned about workplace diversity when operating in Saudi Arabia. Though it is common for MNCs to localise their… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

the resulting communal riots following it, coupled with the problems of caste discrimination, misogyny and the squalor in which the proletariat lived, were the major issues of the time. The clamour raised over these issues is massive, with many budding writers boosting the perception of literature as time passes. This paper seeks to evaluate and provide insight into the progress of English writing over a time period ranging from the post- independence period till the present time. Writing veterans who displayed the fifties' realism in their works are also compared with the burgeoning present day writers who bring their… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of a Public Policy on an Individual

individual was treated differently from his white counterparts in school. A third is that his parents had experienced discrimination and their experiences have had an influence on the individual's worldview and his belief in the possibility for change. Policy: The War on Drugs The War on Drugs has been described as "the most expensive and longest-running policy initiatives ever pursued by the American government," (Williams, 2016). However, the war on drugs is not a singular piece of legislation but the War on Drugs does refer to a cohesive public policy that affects people like the 23-year-old black male. The… Continue Reading...

Race Identity and the Ontology Philosophy Of Race

consciously passing as white will confer white privilege onto her, and she does not want to experience discrimination. Interestingly, though, by consciously passing as white, she also denies the efficacy of in-group identification with both the members of her family that identify as African-American and African-American culture in general. Ally's case highlights what Mills calls the dilemma of "Who Am I versus Who Am I Taken to Be," (50). Using Mill's taxonomy of race, in which bodily appearance, ancestry, self-awareness of ancestry, public awareness of ancestry, culture, experience, and self-identification all matter, Ally has white bodily appearance, some black… Continue Reading...

Emotional Labour and Gendered Occupational Segregation

persists even with tremendous legislative advancements such as the Equality Act, which prohibit workplace discrimination on the basis of gender and other protected characteristics. This raises an important question: why do service organisations prefer a certain gender over another when it comes to certain jobs? Though contention remains, it has been established that women tend to be better emotional labourers than men (Taylor and Tyler, 2000; Meier, Mastracci and Wilson, 2006; Pilcher, 2007; European Commission, 2009; Pruitt, 2012; Baruah and Patrick, 2014). Therefore, for roles that require emotional labour, service organisations are likely to select women. With reference to… Continue Reading...

Redskin Illegal or Racist

businesses are within their right to ban children or if there is age/parent/family discrimination involved. Many to most of the places involved are privately owned so that is an issue as well. Rule of Law Generally speaking, private businesses have a right to refuse service to "anyone". The quotes are there because there are exceptions such as banning people based on race, ethnicity and other illegal reasons. Application of the Law Since the ban is less about age and more about what younger children tend to do (be loud, cry, etc.), the businesses in question are probably in the… Continue Reading...

The History Of American Social Welfare

Statement supports the rights of immigrants and refugees to live without discrimination. Committee on US-Latin American Nations (2014). Similar Anti-immigrant rhetoric used throughout US history. Retrieved online: https://cuslar.org/2014/10/23/similar-anti-immigrant-rhetoric-used-throughout-u-s-history/ NASW Policy Statement Social Work Speaks The pre-Civil War/antebellum era was tumultuous, with a series of failed political compromises leading to a breakdown of morals and ethics. At the same time, there were reform movements most notably the abolitionist movement, that took root as a response to the breakdown of civil society represented most notably by slavery (Buescher, n.d.). Children were valued as a source of work more then than in… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

(2009) point out "83% of Muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new immigrants and perceived threats to an imaginary cohesiveness of the dominant culture -- something that is ironic given the heterogeneous nature of the United States. Given that 69% of Muslim children in USA attend a public… Continue Reading...

Temporary Reassignment, Scope Of Practice, and Patients Rights in Nursing

the patients are provided with the right access to care without discrimination based on sex, race or religion. Moreover, the nurse is supposed to ensure that he or she gets an informed consent from the patients during care. This prevents doing a procedure that the patient does not want. One may be sued in a court of law when such as case occurs. Besides, many patients value the confidentiality of information regarding their health. Patient rights are protected by law and it is the mandate of the nurse to ensure that they are upheld at all times. Observing these… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

distrust the government and remain health illiterate. "The authors identify key influences, including the legacy of slavery, Jim Crow discrimination, the Tuskegee syphilis study, religion's interaction with health care, the use of home remedies, distrust, racial concordance and discordance, and health literacy" (Eiser & Ellis, 2007, p. 176). This article shows the need to enhance understanding of African-American culture to deliver better and higher standards of patient care. Census Data: African-Americans African-American people in the United States account for 14.4% of the population at 46.3 million. The exact estimation is 46,282,080 (Black Demographics, 2015). This number accounts for those… Continue Reading...

Maya Angelou and Racism

actor and filmmaker. In her early life, she experienced the brutality of racial discrimination based on the situation at the time (Goodman 21). Her experiences in life had an influence in her work as she touched on the issues of racism and sexism over the years. Her poems, in particular, have prioritized on the themes of racism and sexism to reveal some of the issues that affect the society today. This paper looks at the manifestation of the theme of racism in Maya Angelou's poems. It emerges from her poems that despite being her being a good writer, she… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

and freedoms people demand from the government, private individuals or social organizations. Civil rights movements protect people from discrimination on the ground of gender, race, color, age, religion, and political affiliation. Moreover, civil right movement fights for the fundamental human rights that include freedom of speech, religion, and movement. However, many people do not know their rights especially the minorities. Films and social media have become the powerful vehicles that propel people to demand their rights. [1: The Role of Film in Society.] Throughout the 20th century, African-Americans were treated as second-class citizens because of their historical antecedents with… Continue Reading...

Healthy Meals Delivered to Elderly

and social effects of obesity, such as low self-esteem, depression, negative body image, stigma, teasing, discrimination, and social marginalization. Furthermore, excess sugar associated with modern diets, can make it more difficult for the body to produce insulin to process these chemicals. Furthermore, these conditions can also lead to other conditions such as blindness, neuropathy (nerve damage), and even kidney failure in some extreme cases (Mokdad, et al., 2001). There are also many interventions which healthcare providers can implement to help reverse these trends, all of which typically center on diet, in conjunction with exercise. However, particularly for elderly patients,… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

of the AERA Code of Ethics, the organization clearly advises against discrimination in conducting experiments and then reporting on the results too. Some suggestions for conducting ethically-based research include recognizing how bias can be unconscious and then correcting for bias. Similarly, it is helpful to create randomized designs in diverse populations so that multiple groups are represented. References Fuchs, L.S. et al. (2008). Problem solving and computational skill: Are they shared or distinct aspects of mathematical cognition? Journal of Educational Psychology 100(1): 30-47. Maggioni, L. & Alexander, P.A. (2010). Knowledge domains and domain learning. In Aukrust, V.G. (Ed.) Learning… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Ageing Based on Psychology Interview

problems associated with ageism and elderspeak. The concept ageism is defined as the discrimination or prejudice that occurs to aged people, although ageism can occur to people of all ages, however, it is more frequent with older people than younger generation and the issue may lead to a retirement. Berger (2014) defines the concept elderspeak as a condescending strategy of speaking to the older person, which resembles the baby talks with simple, short and slower rate using the higher pitch than normal speech. The author further identifies ageism as a prejudice by which people are judged based on their… Continue Reading...

Chinese Stories About Cultural Hybridity

all Asians in the West to suffer some amounts of discrimination and confusion and is generally told from the perspective of the younger generation. The film presents the ways in which older generation feels neglected because the younger generation living in America is out of touch with the Chinese Confucian ideals that are still important to the older father. This paper will compare and contrast Jade Peony, Diamond Grill and Pushing Hands to show how cultural hybridity is an issue for all Chinese who emigrate to the West. The main lesson that the father learns in Pushing Hands is… Continue Reading...

Need for Cultural Change at an Organization

K. (2015). How 'Culture Fit' Can Be a Shield for Hiring discrimination. Fortune.com. Retrieved 1 April 2017, from http://fortune.com/2015/12/07/culture-fit-hiring-discrimination/ Nolo. (2017). Does our company have to provide us a place to pray?. www.nolo.com. Retrieved 1 April 2017, from http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/does-our-company-provide-us-place-pray.html Sirkin, H., Keenan, P., & Jackson, A. (2005). The Hard Side of Change Management. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved 1 April 2017, from https://hbr.org/2005/10/the-hard-side-of-change-management Continue Reading...

Evaluating Success Of a New Venture 3 Squares

continue to widen regarding economic status across the society. In the USA, there are issues to deal with racial discrimination and differences in income thus creating major social classes that vary on the extreme ends of the social scale. They are the lower class, middle class, the most affluent, and few upper classes. The affluent few upper classes have all the luxuries they need in life. Most of the middle class earn good salaries, and they form the biggest part of the population (Lang & Heasman, 2015). The poor lower classes do not get access to their basic needs… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

and other difficultly adapted ones, as well as a leaning towards racial discrimination, was the origin of the consequences of policy which are seen as immoral by the modern society. The erroneous opinions of politicians have also played a part in the opposition certain criminology researchers have to the biological hypothesis. A number of common literature on criminology are still focused on the effects of the biological hypothesis in which they discuss the effects of medication and the opinion that these hypotheses imply that people cannot be cured. The consequences of policy on biological criminology are arguably the biggest… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban and Why It Is Bad

applications would be processed or denied outright. Other related issues included the outright and overt discrimination the travel ban implicated, which is why more than a dozen states have filed individual and collective suits against the federal government to attempt to either lift the ban entirely or at least soften or change it (Levine & Rosenberg, 2017). Several U.S. Circuit Court judges have refused to comply too (Hananel, 2017). The legal conundrums and instability it has caused creates a dangerous state of affairs in the United States, but also highlights the importance of checks and balances as well as… Continue Reading...

Labor Laws and Employment Contracts

to the employment at will doctrine is in the statutory protection. Some state and federal laws protect employees from discrimination at the point of both hiring and termination of the employment contracts. There are several categories of protections under both state and federal laws. These include race, gender, religion, the status of the family, disability, sexual orientation, nationality and age among other factors (Butsch & Kleiner, 2011). These statutory exemptions limit the ability of an employer to fire an employee unless such an employer can demonstrate that such firing in no way related to any form of discrimination. Therefore,… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

Americans still feel uneasy. 25% of Muslim Americans "say they have been the victim of discrimination in the United States" (p. 4). When it comes to African vs. Middle Eastern Muslim Americans, the differences are even more apparent, as Pew Research Center (2007) notes: "native-born African-American Muslims are the most disillusioned segment of the U.S. Muslim population . . . .they are more skeptical of the view that hard work pays off, and more of them believe that Muslim immigrants in the U.S. should try to remain distinct from society" (p. 6). Moreover, only "13% of African-American Muslims express… Continue Reading...

Zara and Sprint Comparing and Contrasting

and Equal Opportunity," (2017). Inditex. Retrieved online: https://www.inditex.com/sustainability/employees/commitment-diversity-equal-opportunity Gajanan, M. (2015). "Zara accused of creating culture of customer discrimination in new report." Guardian. Retrieved online: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jun/22/zara-reports-culture-of-favoritism-based-on-race "Sprint PCS," (2017). Consumer Affairs. Retrieved online: https://www.consumeraffairs.com/cell_phones/sprint_pcs.htm Wicker, A. (2016). Fast fashion is creating an environmental crisis. Newsweek. Retrieved online: http://www.newsweek.com/2016/09/09/old-clothes-fashion-waste-crisis-494824.html Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

equality amongst all people in the United States and the speech against discrimination. In the contemporary society, LGBTQ people are deprived of numerous of the basic rights that most of the American citizens revel and enjoy. Without a doubt, the LGBTQ movement for full and similar equality has come exceedingly far in a short span, ranging from countrywide marriage equality to LGBT-inclusive hate crimes. Nonetheless, several obstacles continue to prevail and LGBTQ Americans still face discrimination in numerous aspects of their lives (Congressman Polis, 2017). Make note of any aspects of the event that seemed confusing to you and/or… Continue Reading...

Hrm Leader

problems encompass a pending lawsuit on sexual harassment and discrimination as well as lack of diversity and ethics training programs. There is also ambiguity regarding the core values of the bank. Most of all Sally is worried regarding the building of a strategic plan for the branch. The purpose of this assignment is to give detailed explanations as to how Sally ought to bring change and competency as a HRM leader to the ABC Bank branch. Workforce The key issue that Sally has to grapple with is the decision as to which technology to acquire and whether she ought… Continue Reading...

Multivariate Statistics Compare and Contrast

sequence that includes, in order, factor analysis, cluster analysis and discrimination analysis. Also like factor analysis, cluster analysis is typically about trying to group and assemble widespread data plots that are perhaps not obviously related and kept together. It is a method that is used to identify structures within the data. It is commonly also referred to as segmentation analysis or taxonomy analysis. The idea is to identify homogenous groups within wider arrays of data. The analysis is explorative in nature and does not distinguish between dependent and independent variables. This is a method of analysis that can commonly… Continue Reading...

Emirate Airlines Customer Service

use and structure of mobile platforms and better price discrimination. As mentioned before, the margins in the airline industry are quite narrow. The just-mentioned loyalty programs are one major way to pad those usually slim margins (HBS) (Timm). However, those big data programs take the right management and massaging, to so speak, and that means that the analytics involved must be on point. Further, the data structures in place must be tailored in a way that emphasizes self-service when they are desired by the customer and direct support from a live voice or agent on a chat line when… Continue Reading...

Change Management Done Wrong

but the time horizon for change is immediate rather than gradual. It would also seem that age discrimination might be at issue given the propensity for the new EVP to hire younger people with the attrition that is about to occur quite likely affecting older and more experienced workers much more significantly. While being ambitious and bold is typically a good thing, being reckless and brash is less than wise. As stated in the introduction, the changes desired by the EVP are many of the same changes that were suggested by Bill in the past. However, the time horizon… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Social Justice Issues Today

the Warren Court found that separate facilities in and of themselves were unequal, given the implied discrimination in the division. Furthermore, in actual practice, regarding the specifics of the Brown case, the Court noted that the educational facilities designated for students of color were inevitably inferior to schools for whites. Finally, there was substantial psychological evidence that segregation generated self-hatred and emotional damage to African-American students. Reference McBride, A. (2006). Brown v. Board of Education. PBS. Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html UNIT 6 DISCUSSION The modern LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) rights movement began around the same time as the civil… Continue Reading...

Social Discrimination in the 21st Century

Social discrimination: One of the Major Global Issues of the 21st Century Over the years, humanity has made a significant stride towards equality for all. This is best understood from a background of the slave trade era where race was the primary determinant of an individual's place and role in the society. After racial discrimination was overcome through activism, primarily in the US, the next global issue, as concerns discrimination, was gender. Women were discriminated in the society as their role was considered to be limited to the home, household chores,… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

by race, with the remaining twenty percent left unaccounted for[footnoteRef:6]. The author observed that in the absence of discrimination following apprehension, inmates' racial composition ought to approximate arrestees' population. The biggest quantity of unaccounted-for variation was witnessed in case of drug crimes: almost fifty percent of inmate racial differences in individuals charged with drug crimes couldn't be accounted for by apprehension. A follow-up research by the author demonstrated that the share of racial differences in jails accounted for by apprehensions in the year 1991 had reduced to seventy-six percent[footnoteRef:7]. Succeeding researches replicated the above work, with newer information, revealing… Continue Reading...

One Nation Under Walmart Essay

by more than one million employees in 3,400 different stores alleging sexual harassment, discrimination and failure to promote among other causes (Reed & Harding, 2015). Although the plaintiffs provide overwhelming statistical evidence that confirmed that Walmart had corporate policies in place that disadvantage female employees, the Supreme Court unanimously held in Walmart v. Dukes (131 S. Ct. 2541 – 2011) that the plaintiffs had failed to present a complaint that was common to all members of the class and the case was dismissed (Reed & Harding, 2015). While Walmart succeeded in dodging this bullet, it has not been so… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Education and Mission Statement for an Inclusive School District Essay

that cause inequity in society, Understands the similarities, differences, and the connections between different forms of discrimination; Helps students to acquire the skills and knowledge that enable them to challenge unjust practices, and, Builds positive human relationships among their fellow students, and among all members of the society (TDSB, 2000, pp. 2-3 cited in Killoran & Panoroni, 2009, p. 150). It is important to note, though, and notwithstanding the concise example cited above, although there are some similarities in terms of long-term goals, there are also some important differences between a school district’s mission statement and its vision statement. A… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

intimidating or coercing him or a third person, or for any reason based on discrimination of any kind, when such pain or suffering is inflicted by or at the instigation of or with the consent or acquiescence of a public official or other person acting in an official capacity. It does not include pain or suffering arising only from, inherent in or incidental to lawful sanctions.  Likewise, according to the definition provided by Black’s Law Dictionary, torture is “to inflict intense pain to body or mind for purposes of punishment, or to extract a confession or information, or for… Continue Reading...

How to Treat Schizophrenia and Autism

towards people who suffer from mental illness. Since society is willing to eliminate discrimination, unjust bias towards people with mental illness should be considered—and Saks’ suggestion of granting more autonomy to patients is a good place to start, especially when it comes to the idea of the “one free shot” (Saks, 2009) and the patient’s own preference for how to be treated. Patients should be allowed to determine whether they want forcible detainment once they have overcome the initial breakdown. References Kirtland, A. (n.d.). Growing up undiagnosed Early signs of autism. The National Autistic Society. Accessed at http://www.autism.org.uk/about/adult-life/stories/growing-up-undiagnosed.aspx on… Continue Reading...

Swifts Modest Proposal Ending

out, Swift was concerned about issues like class conflict and discrimination against the Irish. Swift recognized that the English were systematically exploiting the Irish. “A Modest Proposal” makes an outlandish case for eating children as the solution to poverty. Swift writes “A Modest Proposal” in first person, effectively making it seem that he truly believes in what he is saying. The approach can be considered ironic, in that what Swift states on the surface is not precisely what he means. The entire substantive content, and not just the ending, of “A Modest Proposal” are surprising. “A Modest Proposal” is… Continue Reading...

Change Management Model and Project

and HR professionals. The other driving force for this change is the need to update its discrimination and harassment policies and the need for improvement in recruitment and development of talent. This change management project seeks to institute transformational change in Uber’s organizational culture in order to enhance its reputation and operations in the competitive market. The most suitable change management model for this project is Kotter’s 8-step model. References Connelly, M. (2017). Eight Reasons to Use a Change Management Model. Retrieved November 29, 2017, from http://www.change-management-coach.com/change-management-model.html Ha, H. (2014). Change management for sustainability. New York, NY: Business Expert… Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Leadership and Teams

and Harpreet. After all, their dislike for one another has deep-rooted causes linked to their perceptions of discrimination. Yet as a strong team leader who wants to effectively manage the conflict and bring about positive results for the Monitor Project, I will need to rise to the occasion. General Options If I were to run, as my instincts suggest, I would be demonstrating an avoidant style of leadership that could make matters worse. Therefore, I choose to take on a collaborative and transformational style that empowers both Darius and Harpreet, while also remaining sensitive to the other members of… Continue Reading...

Information Literacy and the Significance Of Research

In an information age, developing discernment and discrimination when digesting sources of information is a critical skill. Information literacy is the critical skill of being able to recognize credible sources and become a critical consumer of data. As Head & Wihbey (2014) point out, “finding useful information and a sense of what to trust” are now considered essential job skills (p. 1). Therefore, information literacy needs to be approached in a more serious manner. Knowing how to research and locate adequate, appropriate, and correct information is important in almost every field.… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

2006). The cross-sectional analysis was geared towards evaluating the link between perceptions of health care discrimination and utilization of health care services. These researchers found that nearly 5% of the respondents reported to have been subjected to some kind of discrimination in health care. Victims of discrimination were less likely to obtain some preventive health care services. Nonetheless, adjusting for perceived discrimination did not eliminate the observed disparities in delivery of preventive care on the basis of race, gender, and insurance. This study was significant since it highlighted the causes of racial and ethnic disparities in the delivery of… Continue Reading...

Race and Gender Representation in Advertisements

SAGE Handbook of Gender and Communication. Thousand Oaks: SAGE, pp. 297-317. Burt, C., Simons, R., & Gibbons, F. (2012). Racial discrimination, ethnic-racial socialization, and crime: A micro-sociological model of risk and resilience. American Sociological Review, 77(4), 648-677. Meyers, M. (2004). African American women and violence: Gender, race, and class in news. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 21(2), 95-118. Continue Reading...

Effective Classroom Management Techniques

the formulation of programs and policies. Moreover, all students will be involved in the decision-making process because no discrimination exists in such a learning environment. Therefore, the learning environment fosters sharing among students especially in the maintenance of discipline, control and even the promotion of meaningful learning process (Dreikurs, Grunwald, & Pepper, 2013). In the current classroom, I ensure that all students participate in classroom discussions; this encourages purposeful action. Moreover, students who behave inappropriately face the consequences, but not involving harsh punishments. In my opinion, consequences are a result of eliminating a child’s inappropriate actions. Therefore, they are… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

some selective distribution is inevitable which raises issues such as discrimination. Considering all the ethical and legal dilemmas that doctors grapple with when dealing with patients in the event of scarce resources, they should be directly involved in diagnosing social injustices and stress. Resource allocation represents a central part of making decisions in any healthcare system. When allocating resources, it is important to base the decisions made on the healthcare outcomes and the subsequent economic evaluation. Therefore, during resource allocation process, proper weight should be given to the doctors, other healthcare works, and not just the financial advice of… Continue Reading...

Other Cultures Xenophobia and Understanding

in its own society. Places like India that have for centuries been pluralistic also have problems with xenophobia. discrimination, stereotyping, and suspicion create innumerable psychological and social problems, which can be remedied simply by changing attitudes and norms. Therefore, it is always important to reiterate the need for cultural literacy and cultural competence. Understanding other cultures is beneficial for the individual. There are several ways individuals benefit from understanding other cultures, One way is through concrete learning about the details of other cultures, such as learning about different customs, belief systems, foods, art forms, or languages. Another way individuals… Continue Reading...

Organizational Analysis for Veterans Health Administration

employees to belong to a group and since there is not discrimination the groupings mostly occur due to the working relationships of the employees. The political-economy theory strength is that it encourages the organization to adapt to external environments making it more flexible and able to perform its main objective even in harsh times (Rodriguez-Clare, 2007). Since the organization receives funding from the government, it needs to work towards reducing the political influence and increase its performance. Relying too much on government funding makes the organization prone to influence from the government. This is limiting to the organization because… Continue Reading...

Leadership Dynamics at Johnson County Sheriff Department

respect for the department would reduce significantly. Any misconduct by a Sheriff, especially discrimination based on race reduces the community’s confidence in the honesty, integrity, and fairness of the Sheriff’s department and the police institution as a whole. In this case, the Sheriff has been found guilty of various ethical offenses like consciously omitting some details to cover up for the perpetrator. This will result in the miscarriage of justice, and the community will be uncomfortable working with him in future. The Sheriff must be charged with filing a false incident report with the intention of hindering the FBI… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

perspective doubtless arose as the result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which specifically barred discrimination of specific peoples on the basis of social organization, essentially compelling organization to become less visually homogenous. The literature basically backfilled the argument that adding visible diversity would result in different viewpoints and perspectives on things like decision-making. The information and decision-making perspective is a little bit more sophisticated because diversity is not as obvious to the outsider, but can still be readily understood by human resources departments and managements that understand their personnel. These groups understand that there are different ways… Continue Reading...

Women in Frontline Combat

debates and controversies surrounding this issue have been fuelled by its consideration as a means of gender discrimination.  Consequently, arguments and counterarguments have been raised in support and opposition of exclusion of women from involvement in frontline (forward operating) combat. Arguments in Support of the Exclusion One of the arguments raised to support the exclusion of women from frontline combat is the idea that women are biologically weak in comparison to men.  In this case, women are considered biologically weak and less capable of muscular strength and aerobic endurance as compared to men (Castenfelt et al., par, 24).  Therefore,… Continue Reading...

Women in Positions Of Leadership in Business

(Wojcicki, 2017). Whereas many would have quit in the face of rampant covert and overt forms of discrimination and harassment, Wojcicki pressed on. As she points out in an article written for Vanity Fair, explicit gender discrimination is easy to detect and to point out for its illegality. The real problem with sexism is the invisible, covert acts that plague women each and every day: being interrupted or talked over, being ignored, “working harder to receive the same recognition as your male peers,” having male peers rephrase your ideas, being equally criticized for being too nice and too stern,… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

of such an extreme measure. Half a century ago, the American Government chose to outlaw the discrimination seen in the Trump travel ban. “More than 50 years ago, Congress outlawed such discrimination against immigrants based on national origin.” (Bier) Additionally the travel ban puts the United States in a bad light, as other countries may see the act as cruel and hostile towards innocent people. (Chemerinsky) When countries see the United States Government acting in an unconstitutional and racist way, desires for diplomacy may dwindle. Even with the updated version of the travel ban, critics stand firm in asserting… Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

as an advocate of the rights of African-Americans and as a force against discrimination and prejudice (“NAACP History”). As part of the NAACP, Du Bois was an activist for anti-lynching legislation and also published many new, up-and-coming African-American writers in The Crisis, the NAACP’s publication (“NAACP History”). Q2. “Working Class Hero” by John Lennon “Working Class Hero” by John Lennon suggests that individuals from marginalized classes of society are made to feel belittled because of their social status. Regardless of the individual’s innate ability, people who are poor are made to feel inferior through belittling comments and physical violence… Continue Reading...

Mlk Speech I Have a Dream Rhetorical Analysis

of the civil rights movement on the issue of racial discrimination and alienation of the black as well as the blatant breach of the human rights of the blacks that was taking place in the USA at that moment in history. It was also a speech meant to send a strong signal that there was no relenting in pursuing of the rights of the African Americans and that the continued denial of such inalienable rights will only me met with brute resistance and will be regret by the state. “I Have a Dream’ was one of the greatest speech… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Leadership Diversity in the Workplace

off on their holidays, employees could effectively sue for discrimination. Equal opportunity laws protect the rights of workers and prevent discrimination on the grounds of religious difference. Therefore, the coach can work with management to help promote inclusive time off policies that respect the religious holidays of their employees. Another conflict that may easily arise if employees are not given time off to observe their culture’s religious traditions is with morale. Spiritual and religious observances are integral to achieving the work-life balance that employees need to maintain morale and performance standards (Cash & Gray, 2000). Offering employees time during… Continue Reading...

Hawaii Language Culture and Affirmative Action

to the Equal Protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. This is the “reverse discrimination” argument, and also ties into the unfair treatment argument. The reason for affirmative action is not to discriminate; quite the opposite, affirmative action is activism on behalf of disadvantaged groups. Helping a disadvantaged group is not favoritism and is not unfair when some groups are systematically disadvantaged versus other groups. Kelly and Sharma talk about the ways women and minorities have been systematically discriminated against in ways that are not even embedded in official policies, but in unconscious practices. For example, a student who is… Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

“we have redefined what we mean by such things as child abuse, rape, and racial or sexual discrimination so that behavior until recently thought quite normal, unremarkable, even benign, is now identified as blameworthy or even criminal,” (p. 5). It seems the author would prefer to return to the good old days when rape or child molestations was a man’s right. In spite of these logical problems, Bork (1996) does offer a few sound arguments, such as the need to move away from “radical individualism,” (p. 5). The author also correctly points out, “both the fear of crime and… Continue Reading...

National Anthem Protest Essay

American football players at Syracuse University used their position as players to combat discrimination at the school (Hatendi 2016).  NBA players including Derrick Rose and LeBron James have worn t-shirts with “I can’t breathe” on them to bring attention to the police killing of Eric Garner, a black man who was selling illegal cigarettes and who said “I can’t breathe” just before dying at the hands of police officers (Hatendi 2016).  Jim Brown was an NFL player who used his platform to establish the Black Economic Union (Hatendi 2016).   NY Knicks basketball player Carmelo Anthony actually led a Black… Continue Reading...

Obamacare Essay

consumers experienced some benefits from the Act, including most especially guaranteed coverage of pre-existing conditions and the prohibitions against discrimination in healthcare coverage based on gender (The pros and cons of ObamaCare, 2017). Moreover, millions of Americans who were unable to secure reasonably priced healthcare insurance in the past were able to do so in the wake of the passage of the Act. Some of the other pros that are associated with the Act include the following: More than half of uninsured American healthcare consumers can now obtain health insurance free or at low cost, and some can receive… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Delinquency Essay

psychological problems such as mental illness, depression, denial of reality, hoarding of goods to social problems such as gender discrimination and racism (Umar, 2017). Other problems such as shoddy parenting styles can provoke youths to act out in delinquent ways. For example, parents who want to be treated as a “friend” and treat their children as “best friends” can sometimes indirectly encourage delinquency. Parents who don’t offer much of a moral compass to their children, and who don’t teach their children to respect elders, also do their children a disservice and can inadvertently encourage their children to engage in… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

the cloak of religious freedom to provide cover for discrimination against the LGBTQ community or continuing issues with the criminal justice system and voting rights, or the assault on women’s health and agency over their own bodies, or the fear mongering against Muslim Americans, these issues and others lay bare the words of Dr. King: ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.’ Strides have been made; of that there can be no doubt.  But the seeds of inequality and injustice, no matter how seemingly benign, are corrosive and powerful – and are still scattered throughout our nation” (Rice,… Continue Reading...

Stigma Of Mental Illness

strategy of promoting civil rights for persons with mental illness so that they are protected by law from discrimination is another means of helping to address the stigma issue. Corrigan (2016) shows that this strategy has been particularly effective in Canada—more so than the education strategy—because it highlights the rule of law and supports the creation of legislation that would make it illegal for someone to act against a person with a mental illness because of the stigma associated with it. In other words, one way to address the stigma is to make it illegal for people to discriminate… Continue Reading...

Literary Analysis Of Speech "we're on Our Way" Essay

race-based rights deprivation remain problems in spite of all the laws and legislation preventing discrimination. No matter what the Constitution says, and many decades after passing the fifteenth amendment, institutionalized racism remains real and was so even more poignantly during the days of Jim Crow. Fannie Lou Hamer spoke out against racism in America on the cusp of the Civil Rights movement, at a critical moment in American history. Delivered to a community meeting in 1964, Hamer’s speech “We’re On Our Way” motivates her audience to take action and demand all rights and freedoms rather than passively accept oppression.… Continue Reading...

Hospitality Law Essay

within their right to ban children or if there is age/parent/family discrimination involved. Many to most of the places involved are privately owned so that is an issue as well. Rule of Law Generally speaking, private businesses have a right to refuse service to “anyone”. The quotes are there because there are exceptions such as banning people based on race, ethnicity and other illegal reasons. Application of the Law Since the ban is less about age and more about what younger children tend to do (be loud, cry, etc.), the businesses in question are probably in the clear to… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

a refugee may flee the terrorists only to face tremendous religious discrimination and economic oppression, making him or her more vulnerable to terrorist recruitment propaganda. Works Cited / References: Encyclopedia Britannica.  (2016, October 14).  Al-Qaeda.  Retrieved October 19, 2016 from the Encyclopaedia Britannica website: https://www.britannica.com/topic/al-Qaeda Humphreys, A.  (2015, November 18).  The Sunni-Shia split at the heart of regional conflict in the Middle East explained.  Retrieved October 19, 2016 from National Post website: http://news.nationalpost.com/news/world/the-sunni-shia-split-at-the-heart-of-regional-conflict-in-the-middle-east-explained Irshaid, F.  (2015, December 2).  Isis, Isil, IS, or Daesh?  One group, many names.  Retrieved October 19, 2016 from BBC website: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27994277 United States Department of Justice.  (2016).  Highlights… Continue Reading...

Olympic Games Essay

and better world by educating youth through sport practiced without discrimination or any kind, in a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play.” The overarching mission of the IOC is to "promote Olympism throughout the world and to lead the Olympic Movement." Notwithstanding the foregoing lofty goal and mission, the IOC has been increasingly criticized in recent years for its executives’ profligacy and money-fueled favoritism as discussed below. The Role of the International Olympic Committee Since their resurrection over a century ago, the Olympic Games been marred by national and international politics and the manner in which host cities… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality Essay

police violence.  The paper begins by defining police brutality.  Next, it discusses how racial discrimination in the criminal justice system results in African Americans being disproportionately targeted for police brutality.  It goes on to discuss the formation of the Black Lives Matter movement. Then, it discusses the ambush-style killings of police officers at a Black Lives Matter movement rally in Dallas, Texas.  Finally, the author discusses whether the Black Lives Matter and Blue Lives Matter movements are in conflict, or whether that conflict is a myth perpetuated by those who want to encourage continued ill will between the African… Continue Reading...

Police Killings

slavery’s poisonous legacy continues to plague the nation. The centuries of blatant, brutal discrimination suffered by Black Americans has left the community still struggling with immense racial disparities in the areas of economic prosperity, health, education, and employment. Their life expectancy is shorter as compared to their White counterparts; further, their unemployment, imprisonment, and poverty rates are higher, while their graduation rates are lower, as compared to White American citizens. They are also more susceptible to being convicted for crimes after detention and to receiving harsher sentences for the same crime. On the whole, male African-Americans have a 1-in-3… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

with the new label of “felon” and this opens them up to all forms of classic discrimination familiar to black people living in the era of Jim Crow: these are things like employment discrimination, housing discrimination, not being able to exercise the right to vote, a limitation on educational opportunities, not being able to receive food stamps, nor serve on a jury (Alexander, 2013). All of these tenets are suddenly legal and now puts a black man in a position as having few rights than a black man living in the south at the height of Jim Crow. Hence,… Continue Reading...

Workplace Issues Mediation and Negotiation

inquiring whether each had ever been victimized by sexual harassment or gender discrimination. The results of this anonymous survey ended up creating an overall coup within the executive ranks of earth’s biggest sportswear and apparel firm. In the first week of March 2018, the packet of anonymous surveys ended up on the desk of Mark Parker, Nike’s chief executive. The results were as follows: many of the men who were in positions of power who engaged in this toxic behavior ended up leaving the company or announcing their resignation (Creswell et al., 2018). This group of men included Trevor… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

in Iranian Universities. The female academic positions rates are relatively low and second aspect is that gender based discrimination is still a defining factor in the election of eligible candidates for open academic positions (Rahbari L., 2016:Pp1005). There has hence been common postulation that female education can lead to late marriage by changing the priorities and hence roles of the women in two specific ways. That enrolment into the academic institutions consumes time and academic pursuit is not compatible with the marital life, and secondly the acquisition of education significantly increases the chances and urge for engagement in alternatives… Continue Reading...

Maintaining Confidentiality Obligation and Friendship

should be well thought out and consideration should be made to the staff members. discrimination should be avoided so that the staff does not feel they can hide their condition. The policy could also indicate the interaction necessary between the students, faculty, and other members. Option 3: Talk with Jim as a friend and express his fear of the virus being spread especially considering that Jim is physical education instructor. Having already developed a close relationship with Jim, Henry could use this close bond and have a conversation with Jim advising him on the risks that could be associated… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Discrimination in Health Care System

care for her. This is s classic example of what Hall J.W. et.al, (2015) refer to as covert discrimination which they say still exists extensively within the American society. The patient may not be keen on coming back to this particular hospital in the future. Statistics has it that Latinos and Blacks when they fall sick are less likely to receive effective treatment for treatment of pain in ER. Marijane from Salem This is a grandmother who seems to be of Latino race. This patient suffered from a fall and was taken to the emergency room. Upon arrival at… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Culture on Ptsd in the Middle East

Middle East are continually exposed to torture, witnessing murder, political/religious discrimination and oppression, and displacement. This contributes to increased vulnerability to PTSD, which is in turn a major public health issue. As these episodes continue to be prevalent, there have relatively minimal efforts by public health professionals in the Middle East to deal with this public health issue/concern. Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD in the Middle East PTSD is an established diagnostic category that is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). However, the conceptualization and diagnosis of this condition needs to be revisited given… Continue Reading...

Disparities and Diabetes Among Latinos

necessary to include provider, patient factors and the health system. Language barriers, lack of access to healthcare service, perceived discrimination, poor numeracy, distrust, poor health literacy and financial constraints can lead to poor diabetes treatment outcomes among disadvantaged groups (López & Golden, 2014). Micro and macro-vascular problems that are related to diabetes can be prevented by normalizing blood glucose, pressure and lipid levels. Intensive self management of diabetes can help to improve blood glucose levels. DSM has been hailed for its capacity to improve self management approaches and the patient confidence to finish the activities successfully. There is a… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

to promote human dignity. The role extends to discouraging and preventing discrimination against women and promoting equality between the two genders. By encouraging quality between both men and women, it is assumed that there is a shift on cultural and social patterns aimed at eliminating prejudices leveled against either sex (Giomi, Sansonetti & Tota, 2015). Media stereotypes help the listeners, readers and watchers to understand messages with ease. Such stereotyping aims at demonstrating the perception of the majority and hence contributes to their confidence and social stability. Stereotypes are an essential ingredient in the construction of social reality. They… Continue Reading...

Fbi Uniform Crime Reports

of their perceived or real sexual orientation. Institutional bias entails institutional-level discriminatory practices that operate on mechanisms going beyond personal discrimination and bias. It is an erroneous belief that discrimination against an out-group may be eliminated by eliminating personal negative associations, bigotries and stereotypes; even within ideal settings when no individual prejudice or stereotyping exists with regard to a particular group, discrimination can take place. This is a highly subtle case of institutional bias in which no particular person can be held easily accountable. Motivated Bias Motivated bias typically occurs where victims and perpetrators belong to different genders, races, ethnic… Continue Reading...

Rhetorical Analysis Of Alicia Garza’s Herstory

#BlackLivesMatter is not just about police brutality but actually about all forms of institutionalized racism, unequal power structures, and discrimination. One of the strengths of Garza’s article is the way the author puts #BlackLivesMatter into perspective, showing how the movement is both similar to but radically different from other social justice causes. #BlackLivesMatter is similar to other movements that draw attention to institutionalized racism or sexism, and aim to correct those problems through a combination of communication and political strategies. Garza shows how #BlackLivesMatter fits into the Black Liberation movement in general. However, #BlackLivesMatter differs from other movements in… Continue Reading...

The Character Of the Oklahomans

they did not find life any easier in California. As History (2009) notes, “Okies faced discrimination, menial labor and pitiable wages upon reaching California. Many of them lived in shantytowns and tents along irrigation ditches. “Okie” soon became a term of disdain used to refer to any poor Dust Bowl migrant, regardless of their state of origin.” Their trials only served to strengthen their character, however, and Steinbeck showed as much in his novel as the main characters are treated heroically for putting up with so much and never losing hope. With the conservation effort after the war to… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

the subject, undocumented migrant status has a negative impact on mobility (Ortiz, and Edward 42). discrimination Ángel's success in the US took him away from his native culture. The more he left behind the dishwasher’s world, the more lonely and depressed his life became (Marlan para 20). Immigrants worldwide already form a highly vulnerable population, irrespective of whether they are documented or not. Immigration patterns are mainly governed by economic, political and social factors in the native region of the migrant. For Mexican and Central American migrants, crime, unemployment and destitution constitute “push factors”. Explicit as well as implied racism… Continue Reading...

Recruitment Plan and Staffing Plan at Amazon

of the organization. Legal Considerations Recruitment and staffing strategies must comply with local, state, and federal regulations related to non- discrimination and other federal employment laws governed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. When designing the job description and terms of the contract, Amazon will also need to investigate obligations to the worker regarding worker compensation and benefits packages, and wage disclosure laws. Using social media during the recruitment process can raise legal red flags due to the potential for conscious or unconscious discrimination based on age, race, gender, and other characteristics (Calvasina, Calvasina & Calvasina, 2014). discrimination could also potentially impact… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Problematic Pricing Strategy

same problems are being encountered in the U.S. and in Canada, where Tesla has recently sued the government for discrimination in ending its incentives program before Tesla buyers were able to take possession of their Model 3 orders (Tesla 10-K, 2018). Price-setting process Tesla uses. Currently Tesla’s price-setting process is based on reflecting the value and integrity of the product. Tesla’s EVs are marketed as luxury vehicles: even the Model 3 is marketed as a luxury EV for the middle class. For that reason, Tesla does not offer discounts on new cars or negotiate its prices: “We market and… Continue Reading...

Deontological Ethics

family, versus a variety of greater issues – racism in the justice system, discrimination against minorities, and the debate about what Boushie's intentions were on the man's property. From a pragmatic perspective, acting out of duty is fairly easy to determine what to do. In that position, on that day, how can anybody possibly understand the utilitarian implications of what might happen in the long run? Asking whether acting on duty is right or wrong is interesting because if one doesn't act out of a sense of duty, what are the alternatives. In a situation where a decision must… Continue Reading...

Equal Rights Act 1922 and Beyond

though they are taxpayers. Hill calls for the removal of any and all forms of discrimination. The author proposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, which would create a federal standard for gender equality, thereby precluding the rights of states to perpetuate their own misogynistic laws. Hill also claims that the passing of the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill would promote a parallel amendment to the Constitution guaranteeing the rights of women. Florence Kelley, on the other hand, opposes the Woman’s Equal Rights Bill, claiming that women need different laws from men because they are biologically different. Kelley assumes that passing… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh Refugee Influx from Rohingya

who in a large part identify as Rohinya. They have suffered legal and social discrimination and they have had historical long-standing tensions with the Buddhist Rakhine community. The violence, occasioned by inter-ethnic clashes, that was experienced in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since the August of 2017 has seen exponential number of refugees flee into Bangladesh, thereby getting exposed to terrible suffering and squalid living conditions in the refugee camps. According to the UN CERF, (2018), there were an estimated 1.2 million refugees hosted in Bangladesh which included the new refugees, the old refugees who had already migrated into the region… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

The War on Terror has led to an extended war in the Middle East that started with a U.S. intervention in Afghanistan, spread to Iraq, and has steadily engulfed other states as well. Returning veterans from Afghanistan and Iraq have suffered from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which has impacted the work and family life of these veterans (Vogt et al., 2017). 1.3 million veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq interventions are at risk for suicide (Kang et al., 2015). Hundreds of thousands of this same population suffer from identity adjustment as the return to civilian life and attempt to… Continue Reading...

Film the Mission

with the locals, then they are faced by sudden violence, discrimination, injustice and racism. The two priests decide to lay their life and ultimately die for what they believe in.This depiction in the film is in line with the acclamation by Gutierrez that “I have always thought that as a priest, my work is basically pastoral, which means to follow the life and the march of a people and try to proclaim the gospel from this accompaniment.” (Kristenson O., 2009:Pp 6). This he said while reacting to the political injustices that the people of Peru, where he came from,… Continue Reading...

Novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell Essay

anger of former slaves as a part of the alleged discrimination white Georgians go through at the hands of Northern former bonds-people and conquerors who have the nerve to assert their freedom (Adkins 40). Gerald moved to Georgia after killing a British absentee landlord’s rent agent with the hopes of becoming a landed man and slave owner (Mitchell 45).  Trying to rise up a class hierarchy different from the one he left back in Ireland, his very first step up towards the desire of his heart was purchasing Pork, his first slave (Mitchell 45).  The domestic trade of slaves,… Continue Reading...

Ben Kuroki Most Honorable Son Documentary

returned to the United States and was posted in California, he witnessed severe and pervasive discrimination in both southern and northern California. In both Los Angeles and San Francisco, Kuroki decided to become a hero of another type: advocating on behalf of his people within the context of civil rights and liberties. 3.When Ben Kuroki visited the Japanese Internment camp what was the reception he received from those interned? When visiting internment camps, Kuroki received a mixed reception. Many of the prisoners resented his fighting for the very same government that would round up all its Japanese citizens and… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration War on Drugs

a white mother and a black father. She experienced discrimination from an early age, forcing her parents out of their community. Her childhood experiences spurned racial awareness, and prompted Alexander to pursue a career as a civil rights attorney. [1: Arnie Cooper, “Throwing Away the Key,” The Sun, February 2011, https://www.thesunmagazine.org/issues/422/throwing-away-the-key ] [2: Arnie Cooper, “Throwing Away the Key,” https://www.thesunmagazine.org/issues/422/throwing-away-the-key] After investigating the sinister connection between the War on Drugs and racial disparities in the criminal justice system, Alexander started to focus more firmly on mass incarceration. The title The New Jim Crow refers to the fact that the… Continue Reading...

How Policy Administration Can Make or Break Education

human rights, gain accessibility to basic needs and also experience economic security. In the present day, different populations experience discrimination, for instance women facing prejudice at the workplace and also tribal sects such as the Aboriginal facing discrimination and ostracizing. Therefore, my vision for social change takes into account empowering the communities that are not only marginalized but also disadvantaged. Marginalized groups in different expenses, for instance tribal individuals, unorganized workforces, peasants, dalits, as well as women are all in the present day engaged in a tussle for power to attain equality in the society. Taking this into consideration,… Continue Reading...

Link Between Gender and Culture

than bearing children and taking care of the home. The gender discrimination has been experienced in many societies especially in areas such as education, awareness and status, and the socio-economic environment. Women are still more restrained to their domestic duties that rob them of the opportunity to exercise their artistic selves. Women are not lesser than men in their artistic abilities but the problem is that women have continuously received inferior training. Women have also been perceived negatively by the society and the family and for this reason they have found it hard to penetrate the markets. The achievement… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

of psychological concepts that are applied to the selection of juries are: (a) self concept, (b) prejudice and discrimination, and (c) attribution theory, which is the idea that a person will attempt to understand another’s actions by attributing feelings or beliefs to that person. A psychologist will make advice based on these concepts: the self concept is the image that the individual projects—the ideas that make up who the person is, was, and will be; the psychologist can determine whether or not the self concept of a potential juror will help or harm the case of the prosecution or… Continue Reading...

Lgbt Youth Social Ecology and Homeless

to homeless youth, but on top of that also experience social stigma, discrimination and frequently face rejection by the families, relatives and loved ones. Imperatively, the failure of essential family and society safety nets purposed to provide support to these youth has disparaging consequences on their economic stability, educational achievement, their future as well as life expectancy. The fundamental pathway to LGBT youth homelessness is down to the interrelation between them and their families. Notably, family conflict is deemed to be the most underlying reason for all youth homelessness. 50 percent of all teenagers experience a negative reaction from… Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

American. Emerson writes from the perspective of someone who has never experienced discrimination like Angelou but like Angelou advocates the cultivation of inner strength, or believing in oneself and one’s convictions and never giving in. As different as these two works of literature may seem, they are in common a core belief in the value of optimism amid adversity and the importance of nonconformity. In fact, the theme of nonconformity, of the willingness to go against even one’s own family, is what these two disparate works share most in common with one another and with the corpus of American… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

socioeconomic class background, nationality, and age will also factor into issues like personal identity construction. Experiences with discrimination will also have a strong bearing on how a person perceives race, gender, and religion as markers of personal identity or as the screens through which they view the world. Religion, race, and gender can sometimes be visible markers that others use to project their own expectations and beliefs, thereby altering the person’s self-concept as well as the public discourse in the workplace. The discursive practices of identity construction continue to influence workplace communication and interpersonal relationships. One of the main… Continue Reading...

Social Sciences and Its Statistical Package

setting. From a legal standpoint, this particular act would be deemed as discrimination. Imperatively, when an organization create a set of answers from a questionnaire or survey that will be employed as a foundation or center for a good potential employee, the organization is also taking the best of each and every individual that participated. To discriminate or show favor against an individual’s wide ranging and personal skills and proficiencies simply because they are not completely in line with the set ideal profile not only overlooks the potential of that individual but is also a harsh indicator that they… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

but ultimately does cause tangible problems linked to instability and fear. discrimination and segregation compound the problems that African American families face. While technically discrimination is illegal, race-based decisions on housing still exist and few have the resources—time, energy, or money—to turn to litigation when their next bed and meal remains an uncertainty. Bias certainly exists, though, as Desmond demonstrates with quantitative data showing that white landlords are more likely to rent to white tenants than black or Hispanic ones, even when other variables are controlled for (346). Race-based segregation also prevents solidarity among the poor—the type of solidarity… Continue Reading...

Affirmative Action Plan in Human Resources

Affirmative Action Plan It is a fact that there has been discrimination in employment, where minorities, women, veterans and the disabled are sidelined in favor of the rest of the population. This ought to be provided with equitable access to employment opportunities and this is exactly what affirmative action plan does. By statistical analyses of the demographics, affirmative action programs are able to do away with the negative effects of employment discrimination, in an inclusive manner and without regard to gender, race and disabilities (HRUnlimited, 2018) Affirmative action is a major concern for many… Continue Reading...

Capras Negro Soldier

of African Africans in film were a reflection of what was going on in America in terms of racism, discrimination, and segregation.  Prior to Capra’s film, Hollywood mainly focused on depicting blacks as non-threatening—“eating watermelons, loafing, singing and dancing.”[footnoteRef:5] The idea of them being armed and able to engage in real combat alongside whites was the furthest thing from Hollywood’s mind. As the heart of the culture industry in America, Hollywood’s main interest was in propagating the kind of prejudicial view that most audiences would welcome. [2: Kathleen M. German, Promises of Citizenship (University Press of Mississippi, 2017), 41.]… Continue Reading...

Security Training and Management

may also be used to forestall or deal with legal issues which may arise regarding discrimination. Managers may wish to show the company is making a good faith effort to protect members of historically discriminated-against groups. It can also be useful to leverage the diversity of the workplace, and to ensure that a minimum number of problems occur, if employees have different cultural reference points and ways of relating to one another which may come into conflict. Reference McCrie, Robert. (2016). Security operations management (3rd ed.). Waltham, MA: Butterworth- Heinemann. Continue Reading...

Pay for Performance

years, that is from 1984 to 1991. Its ousting was attributed to insufficient performance findings, performance level discrimination, and failure to prove the system improved performance. More than half of the employees felt their reward was not enough, while more than three-quarters of the managers said that their evaluation of performance provided no guidance for them to develop. (Eijkenaar et.al 213) Regulatory agencies that implement policies related to pay-for-performance President Donald J. Trump, on 20th January, 2017 ordered the repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA). He urged the Secretary of Health and Human… Continue Reading...

Performance Appraisal Security Management

in-house, particularly for smaller companies. Finally, should employees object to any decision or allege discrimination, the wide acceptance of MBO and the paper trail which utilizing it leaves, also enables companies to demonstrate that any employee actions were justified in a relatively objective fashion. Additional Questions “Performance appraisals are something employees deserve, to support their progress and to show that the organization does not regard them as disposable.” Does this really matter if you are a union employee and will receive the standard pay increase and benefits as is stated in the union contract? Yes. Even union represented-employees still… Continue Reading...

Nike and Social Justice

before kickoff, soon found himself unemployed by the NFL (an organization he thereupon sued for discrimination). By trying to draw attention to social injustice during a particularly turbulent time in recent years when the Black Lives Matter organization got underway in response to a rising perception of police assaults on the black community, Kaepernick became a pariah in the corporate NFL world. Nike, however, like many other professional athletes—from LeBron James to Tom Brady (ESPN; Sanchez)—has shown support for the message that Kaepernick was trying to communicate. Nike has even gone a step further and tried to capitalize on… Continue Reading...

Security Management

popular, or from a group which could give the appearance that the supervisor is engaged in discrimination. The fault lies with the supervisor, if the supervisor is avoiding disciplining to protect his or her reputation, but management must share blame if they have failed in the past to back up legitimate supervisor objections. Q2. Describe the steps in the progressive discipline procedures. First, according to McCrie (2015) an actual infraction must have occurred. Secondly, the supervisor should conduct a thorough investigation into the infraction, to determine why it occurred and if it was the employee’s fault (versus the employee… Continue Reading...

Dual Credit Programs

to information. Educators also need to know about these programs and how to announce them to all students, without discrimination. Alerting parents of the financial benefits of dual credit programs is also crucial, because financial considerations remain a key consideration when making the decision to attend college and university. Tuition costs and financial issues are of course one of the most important areas of research in dual credit program efficacy. The results are generally positive and encouraging, albeit mixed due to issues with program design, implementation, and evaluation. Although dual credit programs certainly do increase the representation of low-income… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

social justice when working with individuals and organizations in the community. Individual experiences with discrimination are situated within the broader social context, using the ecological approach of community psychology. Likewise, discrimination is contextualized, viewed not as the skewed beliefs and behaviors of single individuals but as systemic issues rooted in outmoded or dysfuncational belief systems. A community psychologist can work to prevent or mitigate problems related to discrimination in a community experiencing demographic shifts, or offer evidence-based consultation to organizations and institutions grappling with the challenges of a diverse social landscape. Diversity is also framed as a core strength… Continue Reading...

Racism and Discrimination Impact on Civil Rights and Student Rights

How Racism and discrimination Affects ‘Civil Rights’ and Student Rights Racism is the belief that one race is superior to another. It can result in prejudice and discrimination towards people based on their ethnicity and color. discrimination is the treatment of people in an unfair manner based on their characteristics such as sexual orientation, age, race and gender. Racism is a type of prejudice that most countries fight, do not tolerate and hotly discuss. Countries such as Brazil had once categorized themselves as racial democracies. They allowed people who were racially… Continue Reading...

Human Resources

correct. Human resources assumes responsibility for implementing any management strategy designed to reduce harassment, workplace violence, discrimination, or any other element that contributes to workplace toxicity. In some situations, the toxic work environment could literally refer to the environment itself: the aesthetics, layout, or ergonomics of the workplace setting. Even when a company complies with state and federal laws related to environmental safety, discrimination, and violence, it is possible that the organizational culture tacitly condones marginally acceptable behavior or covers up for persons in positions of power who violate ethical codes. A human resources manager may be in a… Continue Reading...

Hiring Practices and Ethical Legal

due diligence against the need to resist any form of discrimination in hiring. By engaging in hiring policies and practices that reflect legal ground rules and also ethical codes, human resources managers achieve critical security goals and also protect the legal and ethical rights of employees. Key issues to take into consideration in hiring decisions include the legal ground rules that govern organizational codes of conduct and codes of ethics. Many organizations also craft codes of ethics and codes of conduct specifically to craft organizational culture, promote security, while also insuring against legal breaches. Codes of Ethics vs. Codes… Continue Reading...

Ethics Community and the Common Good Concept

promotes the good of its own people but not of the world at large. discrimination and the setting up of boundaries between in-group and out-group impede the ability of disparate people to work together to create a harmonious society that promotes human progress. Certainly there will be instances in which the goals of one organization may clash with another’s, but working together, communicating essential needs, and overcoming obstacles with compassion can help all groups realize their shared vision. Whether from a Christian worldview or not, the common good depends on the cultivation of a strong sense of social justice… Continue Reading...

Transformational Leadership and Transactional Leadership

were a big part of his leadership arsenal. To achieve his goals of ending racial discrimination, his movement also embraced leadership tools outside of the transformational leadership style to get the results they wanted. The movement had structures that ensured fast mobilization of followers and the pushing of key messages (Redziniak, 2016) The great positive changes his transformational leadership brought to race relations in the United States are still being felt half a century after his death. He persuaded a big part of the population, both black and white, to see his vision of an equal America that it… Continue Reading...

Expressionism and Noir

the challenges that colored people encounter everyday as they strive to bring down the racial discrimination that is so rampant in the US. This way, noir has enabled portrayals of governance systems to be filmed in Hollywood. Such depictions of the struggle by the blacks allow the audience to gain insight into how white supremacy can be mitigated. The films are known to lay bare whatever the blacks go through every day in their stay in the US. African American producers, through the employment of noir conventions, have been able to sensitize the viewers on the social injustices deeply… Continue Reading...

Leadership and the Issue Of Ethics

such as utilitarianism and virtue ethics are explained in connection with these discussions. The issues of diversity and discrimination are evaluated at length, and the issue of corporate sponsored volunteer programs is discussed as well. Keywords: ethics, workplace ethics, leadership ethics, organizational ethics 1 Some of the most common forms of unethical behavior in our workforce today consist of misuse of company funds, misuse of company time, fraudulent activity, and lying. There are many different examples of these unethical activities. Wells Fargo for instance was just punished for signing people up to accounts that they did not want and… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

outsiders for centuries in their homeland of Ethiopia, because they were Jews. The religious discrimination is what caused the immigration to Israel in the 1980s. Majority of Ethiopian immigrants appeared in two groups to Israel. The first was called ‘Operation Moses’ in 1985-6, while the second was ‘Operation Solomon’ which was in 1991 (Ben-Eliezer, 2004). Roughly 100,000 Jewish Ethiopians migrated to Israel, causing an immeasurable confusion for both groups. Within the Israeli government there is a Parliament or House of Representatives function, which is known as the Israeli Knesset. These seats are elected in by the citizens; however, the… Continue Reading...

Army Leadership Issues

such as the harassment of women or any signs of even subtle discrimination that would erode unit cohesion. The Army typically invokes platitudes related to character building in official statements on leadership development, but too often, managers fail to embody the principles of character virtue. My leader in training camp took the steps necessary to dramatically change the organizational culture by remaining fully committed to ethical principles and character building. As a result, we ended up with one of the highest collective scores and performance records of any other training team. Another reason why the leader’s behaviors and attitudes… Continue Reading...

Free Exercise Clause

highest standard and it is applied when a plaintiff sues a governmental body for discrimination. To satisfy this level, the statute has to have been passed to promote compelling interests of the state and be narrowly tailored to achieve the interest. Relying on precedent, the court determines the scrutiny level to apply; however, a court can apply tow or all three levels to establish an ad hoc test. 3. Standard of scrutiny applicable in this case A precondition to application of the levels of scrutiny is that the plaintiff has to first prove that the statute/law is discriminative. Assuming… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

young girls (WHO, 2018). It is a reflection of the in-depth inequality and discrimination of sexes. FGM is a depiction of extreme discrimination perpetrated against women but yet it persists in this modern day. FGM violates the rights of women and girls to their physical integrity, security, health, freedom from cruelty, torture, degrading and inhumane treatment. FGM violates the victims living rights when the FGM procedure leads to their death. FGM experiences exacerbate the short term and long term health consequences for girls and women affected by the vice. It is unacceptable from the health and human rights perspective.… Continue Reading...

Personal Social Status and Culture

patriarchy is usually relegated. Some of these socio-cultural biases against Igbo women include widowhood discrimination, female genital mutilation, and girl child marriage. Widowhood discrimination In Igboland, the widowhood began immediately a woman’s husband is dead and diverse rituals are expected to be performed by the widows. The culture has no regard for the emotional state of the newly widowed woman whatsoever. It is compelled on her to fulfill all righteousness as stipulated by the culture regardless of her perception towards the practice and her feeling at the given time. In Ebonyi, one of the states in the region, for… Continue Reading...

Race and Racism Who Are You?

me as with other Asian Americans. This is not to mean that using education as a means to escape discrimination is a motivation behind my pursuit of higher education. There is a lot of truth to the fact that people of color have been discriminated against in the American society and that they get fewer opportunities even in the film making industry. The media has also played to the mono-racial standard by accepting and appearing to perpetuate the dominance of the whites in the corporate world despite the fact that people of color have everything it takes to assume… Continue Reading...

The Aim Of the Voting Rights Act

2015) The VRA changed the overseers of elections in those areas known for racial discrimination. It also scraped the administration of literacy tests, as this was one obvious tactic of preventing the African Americans from voting. In addition, the law made it legally possible to fight for justice in the event of discrimination during the voting exercise. (Mickey et.al 2017) There have been challenges implementing this law. For instance, between 2010 and 2012, some biased laws on voter identification were introduced. These were immediately challenged in court. Many other evidently biased laws were ousted by the judiciary. Section 5 of… Continue Reading...