Drugs Essays


How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

accompanying poverty and crime, exceed those of almost all other drugs used. A majority of Caucasian households are indirectly as well as directly impacted by the aforementioned diseases. Increased pureness and decreased drug costs are potential factors contributing to the trend of decreased age of first-time consumption and increased initiation into habitual consumption in the Caucasian population. As heroin dependence can be successfully cured, primary care providers need to check their patients for this problem. This paper serves two purposes. Firstly, it attempts to study substance abuse's socio-economic effects on Caucasian people. Secondly, depending on this analysis, it attempts… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

to their slow rate of growth and modernization. The rather pervasive existence of drugs and violence does not help matters for Mexico either. As recently as the late 2000's, barely five to ten years ago, drug-related violence has dominated the national scene Mexico. The corruption that exists in Mexico is so advanced that many people "consider corruption central to both the illicit trade and to the government's war on it" (Morris, 2013). While this is not the best of news, there was a time where the corruption of Mexico and the drug trade that now ravages the country in… Continue Reading...

Different Types Of Studies Relating to Drugs

drugs of varying sorts, whether legal or illegal. The studies in question are either quantitative, qualitative, or a mixture of both. Of course, quantitative refers to the use of numbers and statistics to draw conclusions. Qualitative studies make use of feelings, thoughts and summaries. Indeed, this is less academic and objective in nature but it can explain the "why" of things rather than just the "what." Of course, many other studies are a mixture of the two. This annotated bibliography has two of each of the different types listed above… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of Heroin on White America

a means of escaping their reality. Seelye, K. (2015). In heroin crisis, white families seek gentler war on drugs. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/31/us/heroin-war-on-drugs-parents.html This study describes how the major shift in demographic from minority use of heroin to Caucasian use has many Caucasian families calling for a "softer" war on drugs. The impact of heroin use on Caucasian families is thus described directly in this article, which goes into considerable detail about the drug and how it has hit suburbs and predominantly white neighborhoods, disrupting the middle class lifestyles of much of white America as a result.… Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

that the boy's stepdad as well as his mother abuse drugs and alcohol. Lastly, to exacerbate issues, the entire household was evicted from social housing due to debt and a failure to pay their rent, and was subsequently housed in an overcrowded provisional living space (Adams-Langley, 2013). Although Lennox was moved to his grandmother's home, the household included a cousin suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and this gave rise to conflict. Moreover, Lennox's grandmother was an alcohol and drug user as well, in addition to playing the role of local drug dealer. Despite remarrying, Lennox's biological father… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

from establishing contact with witnesses against a case, on use of drugs or alcohol, restraint from associating with other defendant, warning against re-arrests on similar or other offences, non possession of weapons, restriction against travelling abroad, restriction from associating with criminals; known or otherwise (Welling, 1987; Bassiouni, 2003). Pre-trial Preliminary matters of the case and hearings are supposed to be conducted at the pretrial stage. For instance, there may be a hearing to expunge some aspect of evidence from the actual hearing. Pretrial is, essentially what happens before the actual trial. It may also be a hearing to decrease… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

this regard are the Criminal Code, the federal Food and drugs Act, and the Controlled drugs and Substances Act. Federal-level controlling statutes are formally organized as criminal regulations in the sense that they outline prohibitions and punishments, including incarceration. However, in actual practice, they function as normal regulatory statutes aimed at safeguarding public health. Financiers attempting to gain entry into the nation's healthcare market through acquisitions and mergers have to adhere to the federal-level Competition Act. The Competition Bureau must be alerted by entities if: The Canadian returns or asset value of a target firm surpasses 70 million dollars… Continue Reading...

Role Of the Fda with Prescription Drugs

analyzed. There will also be an exploration and analysis of direct-to-consumer marketing of drugs, whether John is the "investor" of AD23, the arguments about John being a whistleblower and the associated protections he would have if he is and examples of intellectual property theft that have occurred in the last two years or so. While bad things do incidentally happen and crop up when it comes to drugs marketed to the public, there is a clear line between events like this that are incidental and ones that are improper or even criminal in nature. Analysis As noted in the… Continue Reading...

Reproduction in the New Age

......paraphilias & fetishes; (Do not engage in any contact or activity that would be considered inappropriate!) In your reflection discuss: What was the site? To whom did it apply? What were the sexuality issues? Specifics? Include the content & resources found there. https://drmarkgriffiths.wordpress.com/2012/05/29/messing-around-a-beginners-guide-to-salirophilia-and-mysophilia/ Salirophilia is defined as a "parphilic" sexual fetish in which individuals sexual arosal is obtained by basically getting really dirty -- in the literal sense. Individuals will use dirt, mud, or other soiling techniques to make the other person look dirty. This paraphilias does not involve any physical harm however, rather the only harm is done to… Continue Reading...

Current Federal Law Related to Marijuana

the scientific effectiveness of this ancient cure. Several thousand ailing individuals have substituted non-threatening, nontoxic cannabis for disabling psychotropic drugs such as narcotics. A tremendous amount of anecdotal proof has surfaced: people with injured spines can now walk without crutches/walkers, those diagnosed with AIDS have put on weight and reduced medications, cancer patients have found relief from chemotherapy's horrible side-effect of nausea, formerly disabled individuals (disability resulting from debilitating addictions and psychological ailments) are now back in the society, and those suffering from chronic pain are functional once more (with a restoration of their consciousness from a state of… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Administration and Diabetes

endocrinologist and a cardiologist. Diabetology & metabolic syndrome, 2(1), 1. Mayo Clinic (2014). Prediabetes treatments and drugs. Retrieved October 1, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prediabetes/basics/treatment/con-20024420 Prediabetes and Insulin Resistance. (2009). Retrieved October 1, 2016, from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/types/prediabetes-insulin-resistance Prediabetes. (2014). Retrieved October 1, 2016, from Webmd, http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/tc/prediabetes-cause Thomaskutty, C and Dwivedi, PK (2011). Burden of Diabetes in Indiana. Indiana State Department of Health, Indianapolis, Indiana Continue Reading...

Persuasive Speech

immigration for the reason that majority of the illegal drugs entering the United States come from outside the nation. ii. Illegal immigrants coming from various nations operate as couriers, and smuggle narcotics and other proscribed drugs into the United States. iii. Consumption of illegal drugs is extensive internationally and has been deemed as having extended prevalent magnitudes within the United States. iv. Whereas the number of immigrants has increased, the rate of violent crime decreased by about 48%. III.) Conclusion a. Summary: I've told you about immigration and how it is linked to terrorism, economic impact, drug trafficking and… Continue Reading...

Glaxosmithkline and Porters Five Forces

the opposite way is the people that buy their drugs. They expect the drugs to be safe, effective and well-tested. If any of that is amiss, there will obviously be consequences that GSK must face. Beyond that, there are definitely other firms within the pharmaceutical realm that GSK competes with and GSK has to understand that people will absolutely "vote with their wallet" if it comes to that, in the mind of the consumers. For example, Pfizer is a firm that does extremely well, given their 40% profit margin. However, when there was an apparently miscue with some of… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried by Tim O’brien

place. You needed everything you had to stay alive, and doing drugs wasn't one of them. If you were doing drugs, you could get shot out in the field during a fire fight or maybe get the whole squad killed" (de Groot 268). The Viet Cong had to employ a new strategy in the Vietnam War after a firsthand experience of the terrible weapons the Americans owned. They employed a tactic called "hugging" on the American soldiers to prevent them from using their jets and heavy artillery. This swift change in tactic showed the tactical elasticity and ready-to-learn nature… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

ethics. The law usually reflects the difficulty balancing different ethical frameworks. A good example is drug laws. drugs can cause addiction, which can cause personal harm. Drug prohibition is designed to "protect" the individual by restricting his or her freedom to act. However, the greater ethical principle of freedom as well as privacy also needs to be respected. Criminalizing drug users by placing them in prison is more unethical than the use of drugs itself, which can be considered a morally neutral act. Week 3 -- Discussion 1 Policy is often drafted using general language, so that it can… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

which was later proven to be cocaine. Consequently, these officers seized the drugs and the paraphernalia, arrested Rodriguez, and later charged him with possession of a controlled substance with intention to deliver. During trial at the Cook County Circuit Court, Rodriguez attempted to suppress seized evidence on the basis that Fischer had no authority to agree to the search. Since Fischer had moved out few weeks before this incident and not been living there, there was no valid consent. The Circuit Court granted the motion on the argument that the search breached the Fourth Amendment and later affirmed by… Continue Reading...

Drugs and Gangs Among Detroit Teens

the economic, cultural, social, and even psychological repercussions arising from the presence of the drug. drugs are commonly effective and, in some way, change the way people behave, live, and interact. This is seen from his submission that "drug dealing governed the seasonal cycles of their lives and taught them about the nature and power of the state, capitalism and family." (p.13). As for Detroit, unlike many other cities, there is extensive drug trade among the people; this made Bergmann consider it as a social institution for the young people (Bergmann, 2010). Bergmann is categorical of the lives of… Continue Reading...

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

indicate a new age in the improvement of therapy for disease modification for these disorders. However, no indications of drugs being approved for MDS appear to be present in the U.S. for the past 8 years. There are no curative drugs available so far. However, some compounds under development may be approved soon. Consequently, diagnoses of MDS are still quite a heavy load, both on patients and medical care systems (Bejar & Steensma, 2014). Background Myelodysplastic Syndromes are a set of distinct disorders of the bone marrow that prevent the victim's bone marrow from producing sufficient fit blood cells.… Continue Reading...

Community Planning Methods That Involve Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana

are several contributing factors to this phenomenon. One of the most outstanding reasons is that the much-touted war on drugs across the nation has failed. The impact of low enforcement, largely viewed as disproportionate, on low income communities and a wider justice reform focus are also influencing factors. Moreover, the public view has shifted tremendously over the years. Figures show that currently 58% of the American population support legalization of Marijuana. The figure was only 20% a couple of decades back. California has seen supporters of the legalization agenda increase by 6%age points over the past five years (Baldassare,… Continue Reading...

What Makes People Change

of forcing someone to change is compounded when someone has a biologically-related problem. When someone is addicted to drugs, the ways in which addiction changes the hard-wiring of someone' brain can be so powerful, the motivation of pleasing a loved one, even the loss of a job, seems insignificant. This is also true of a child with ADHD. Simply ordering someone to do something when it goes against biological instincts is not enough. There must also be a deep and fundamental motivation to change, especially if the change is physically difficult. No one can instill that motivation and will… Continue Reading...

Health Industry Professional Boards

Medical Education and Hospitals, The Chemical Laboratory, the Bureau of Health Education, the Council on drugs and the AMA Bureau of Investigation guide most AMA tasks, by gathering and analyzing the data offered by latest relevant treatments and discoveries (American medical association| American organization, 2016). Furthermore, the AMA publishes numerous peer-reviewed journals, of which the most notable is its AMA Journal, the world's most widely-disseminated medical journal whose first edition was published in the year 1883. This journal covers articles on health policy, medicine, and healthcare (Rouse, 2015). Additionally, the AMA observes the environment of the industry and communicates… Continue Reading...

European Union and Crime

the activities that occur in this controversial industry. Other industries, such as drugs for example, are more complex, but also have an element of consent that on some level could also lead them to be considered a victim-less crime. Many advanced nations, especially the U.S., have embarked upon a retribution scheme for punishment that shown to be counterproductive from many perspectives. This analysis will take a hard look at what is perceived to be "crime" and try to unpack the criminality of certain issues on a more objective basis than what is typically applied to many subjectively determined acts… Continue Reading...

Ultimate Nutrition Policy Statement

for illicit activities, above all for the manufacture and marketing of drugs as defined in the pertinent international treaties, or work which, by its nature or the conditions in which it is undertaken, will probably be detrimental to the health, safety or morals of children (United States Department of Labour, 2016). 2. Employment Chosen at Liberty There shall be no use of forced, bonded, or compulsory labor or any other form of labor, which include use of involuntary penitentiary labor, and enslaved or trafficked individuals. This shall also include transporting, concealing, enrolling, shifting or accepting susceptible persons by way… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

include disease, developmental disorders, the use of alcohol or other drugs and so forth. A specific example would be marijuana. While many people hail the drug as a good alternative to "harder" drugs, there is also a lot of concern about any drug use within the teenager age bracket due to the fact that many social, mental and physical changes are still fully in progress within the teenage mind. Given that, using anything that affects or influences the brain or any other major part of the body is something that should receive scrutiny. There are more general and common… Continue Reading...

Public Health Information

is particularly fatal for those with HIV. Those who encounter this bacteria should be treated with an anti-microbacterial drugs, which are typically lacking in the developing world, to effect a cure as soon as possible. • Urinary tract infections are part of a broader stratification affecting reproductive and sexual health that are caused by bacteria. The most significant threat to the infectious pathogens which cause infections stemming from these bacteria is resistance to drug treatment (WHO, 2016), or the unavailability for such substances in the developing world. The timely intervention of drugs and anti-bacterial agents can reduce the long-term… Continue Reading...

Choice Theory and Human Behavior

I can employ choice theory elements to gain young-to-middle adults' trust. Youngsters often believe only violent behavior, immorality, and drugs can solve their problems and fulfill their needs. Therefore, I would motivate them to choose depending on their long-term quest for happiness. Lastly, I would employ choice theory to develop a community feeling among young-to-middle adults depending on the idea that we choose to behave in a particular way. This supports development, increases societal welfare, and helps fulfill people's belongingness/love needs. Choice Theory and the Experience of Individuals across Cultures Glasser's human needs outlined within the choice theory indicate… Continue Reading...

Education Autobiography on Drugs

to circumstances where people may feel lost. Tobacco, alcohol, legal and illegal drugs are part of life. Their influence is everywhere from social media to movies and even at home. What they may teach us is that sometimes when we choose to escape or to feel good, that is when we are our most vulnerable, that is when we may make mistakes. Because life isn't about being perfect, but rather what the imperfections teach us. I have a sister who likes to drink. She's not your typical lush. She drinks only when she has the time to. This is… Continue Reading...

Main Systems Of Human Body

pressure and flow against the arterial walls. When lifestyle, food, stress and other aspects threaten blood pressure balance, drugs, meditation, etc. are typically employed for regaining homeostasis. Generally, lifestyle behavioral modifications may change such factors, disrupting homeostatic balance (Stuart, 2011; Sherwood, 2015). A majority of medical professionals and scholars accept the need for medical interventions to regain homeostatic control if lifestyle changes do not glean positive outcomes. v. Potassium Balance The largely intracellular ion, potassium, is mainly present in cells (roughly 4000 millimoles) and bones (300 to 500 mmol). Cellular potassium concentration is 150 millimoles/liter (approx.); it differs for… Continue Reading...

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Of Angelina Jolie

has been therapeutic for her. She also had eating disorder, insomnia, and experimented with drugs, wherein she had used every kind of drug, particularly heroin, by the age of 20. At the age of 19, she suffered bouts of depression and planned to commit suicide, and this happened again when she was 22 wherein she tried to hire a gunman to kill her. She also experienced staying for 72 hours at the psychiatric ward of UCLA Medical Center for nervous breakdown. Jolie's life became stable after two years when she adopted her first child wherein she said that she… Continue Reading...

Psychotherapy Using Ipt and Act

make from dancing and tips but I also sell drugs out of my house, it's like the perfect job. And I am practically getting paid to get high or drunk or whatever. And there's no one telling me what to do or how late I can stay out. It's really a dream job for me." When asked if she is in any relationships, Jen laughs and says, "Um, yeah, I go home with at least half the guys I meet at the club. No relationship needed, no strings attached, no ball and chain for me." Diagnosis Because of her… Continue Reading...

Life's Meaning Defined by Viktor Frankl

appear without any effort. Frankl also points out that people who take drugs are reacting to a sense of meaninglessness and that to achieve recovery from addiction or to prevent suicide and mental illness, one must actually search for and find meaning. Depression is essentially the feeling of meaninglessness, it is learned helplessness or learned meaninglessness. Meaningless is when "people have enough to live by but nothing to live for; they have the means but no meaning," and "some do not even have the means," (p. 142). Death camps are obviously one way a person can learn meaninglessness. However,… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

opinion (of people from all age groups, particularly youth) towards liberality when it came to homosexuality and drugs. This drift coincides almost perfectly with the new Nones' emergence. No comparable movement was observed in youth's attitudes towards premarital sex (which was approved by nearly 80% of the nation since the 60's religious shift). But youngsters' perspective on the issue of abortion continued moving towards an increasingly conservative perspective in the nineties and the new millennium. However, the simultaneous emergence of changes in two key lifestyle/moral principles, and the new Nones' advent, hardly appears to be a coincidence (Putnam, David… Continue Reading...

Cognitive and Behavioral Development Of an Adolescent

did after joining the football team. Besides, he goes to night parties and takes drugs as a recreational activity. References Carey, S., Zaitchik, D., & Bascandziev, I. (2015). Theories of Development: In Dialog with Jean Piaget. Developmental Review, 38, 36-54. Woolfolk, A. E. (2016). Educational psychology (13th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill Continue Reading...

Unfair Treatment Of People with Privilege

boredom that is difficult to explain. Several of my peers that are in a similar position have moved towards drugs and alcohol as a way of creating excitement in the life. This leads to a life with little perceived meaning. I do worry about my friends' future as they are wasting their lives in a search for meaning and literally risking their health and lives in the process. These may be problems that appear superficial. However, they are real and defined issues nonetheless. While I may not take drugs and drink alcohol, I do feel the lack of presence… Continue Reading...

Over Privileged Child

a type of boredom that is difficult to explain, and several peers in a similar position have moved towards drugs and alcohol as a way of creating excitement in the life. This leads to a life with little perceived meaning, and I do worry about my friends' future, as they are wasting their lives in a search for meaning. These may be problems that appear superficial, but they are issues, and while I may not take drugs and drink alcohol, I do feel the lack of presence of my parents and wonder what I will do to bring meaning… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

be compromised to allow inmates to smuggle illegal objects such as drugs and weapons into the facility, endangering the safety of other inmates as well as corrections staff. Therefore, correctional officers must always act in the interest of public welfare (Pollock, 2014). Another practical scenario for ethical decision making in corrections relates to equality. Racial divide in correctional facilities remains prevalent, with correctional officers often showing preferential treatment to inmates from their racial background (Carlson & Garrett, 2008). While enforcing discipline within the correctional facility, correctional officers may treat inmates unequally. For the same offense, a Caucasian officer may… Continue Reading...

Types Of Information Systems for Startup Business

in all studied sectors. In the healthcare domain, information pioneers analyze health consequences of widely-administered/prescribed drugs and identify risks and advantages not apparent in necessarily narrower clinical trials (LaValle et al., 2011). Other front runners in big data adoption utilize information from sensors imbedded in all sorts of products, right from industrial products to toys for ascertaining their offerings' actual real-world application. This knowledge informs novel product/service design and development. Big data also facilitates creation of novel growth opportunities as well as wholly new company categories, like those aggregating and analyzing industry information. A large number of these firms… Continue Reading...

Consumer Protection Memo

labels are intended to ensure the health and safety of consumers. From foods and drinks to drugs, cars, cigarettes, and electronics, the labels give the consumer information about the risks associated with a given product or service. This information empowers the consumer to weigh the benefits and risks of a product or an activity, enabling the consumer to decide whether to take the risks and the precautions to observe in taking the risks (Robinson, Viscusi & Zeckhauser, 2016). Consumer protection is a topic subject to intense government regulation. Several regulations have been enacted to protect the consumer in several… Continue Reading...

United States Vs Jones

the Case Nightclub owner and manager Jones, the defendant in the case, was suspected of trafficking narcotic drugs. From information collected using a number of investigation methods, law enforcement officials were able to procure a warrant which authorized attaching a GPS tracker to Jones' wife's Jeep (which was never driven by anyone but Jones). However, the law enforcers didn't adhere to the deadline stipulated in the warrant and attached the tracker after the deadline lapsed, employing it for tracking the Jeep's movements (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary). The satellite-guided tracker established the Jeep's whereabouts within 50-100 feet,… Continue Reading...

Trillium Herb Pharmacology and History

most claims ("Bethroot, n.d.). References American College of Healthcare Sciences (2016). Module 5. "Bethroot," (n.d.). drugs.com. Retrieved online: https://www.drugs.com/npp/bethroot.html Pistrang, M. (n.d.). Red trillium. USDA. Retrieved online: https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/trillium_erectum.shtml Williams, S.W. (1820). Botanical history and medicinal properties of theh Trillium erectum. N Engl J. Med Surg 1820; 9:330-332. Continue Reading...

Expulsion Of Students

is involved and convicted of a crime, and possesses or uses illegal drugs in the school environment. While expulsion would be appropriate in the previously described situations, there are alternatives to this form of punishment.  One of the most suitable and effective alternatives to expulsion is positive behavioral interventions.  These interventions help in addressing a student’s undesirable and challenging behaviors in a manner that is beneficial to the student and the school.  The use of these interventions requires conducting a functional behavioral assessment to determine the causes of the student’s behaviors.  The information derived from the assessment is in… Continue Reading...

Gensin Case

by the company against others -Intellectual property law, particularly patents for new drugs, particularly protection in the international markets including the developing countries where intellectual property rights are weakly and forced Low Routine products -Marketing and advertising law -Employment law -Health and safety law Bottlenecks products -Patent searches Many of legal issues will vary depending upon the circumstances. However, the above matrix indicates the way in which different issues may be perceived within this matrix. Based on this assessment above, the strategic products should be high on the list for services acquisitions as these are important in terms of financial… Continue Reading...

Business News from Around the World

President Trump is urging the pharmaceutical industry to lower its prices on drugs sold in the market. As an incentive to lowering prices, Trump has pledged to "ease rules" -- i.e., deregulate the industry substantially. As much of the time and money that goes into producing a drug for market consists of testing and reporting to the FDA, this pledge by the White House is one that could enable drug manufacturers to feel inclined to lowering prices, as their overhead would also dwindle should regulation become less stringent. However, a deregulated pharmaceutical industry could spell danger for consumers, especially… Continue Reading...

Human Development

this stage. More autonomy is granted to the youth. They even now have access to alcohol and drugs (Sokol, 2009). Emotional and Social Development The American Psychological Association (2002) observes that adolescence is a period in which one develops social competence. Social competence influences one's ability to relate with other people while emotional competence affects one's ability to control their own emotions. At this stage, adolescents establish clear and understandable nature of one's identity in learning to deal with stressful situations and relating to others. One learns how to label their emotions and those of other people. The rapid… Continue Reading...

Herbal Medication in Handling Heart Diseases Among Women

have been medically and experimentally proven to emanate from each of the drugs covered therein. The article comes out as a reliable source of knowledge and instrumental in the study of herbal medication among patients with heart diseases since the authors give facts from various research articles and also includes case studies and numbers where appropriate to further put forth their case. The authors also make deliberate effort to put forth the various heart diseases or conditions and the accompanying herbs that can effectively handle those conditions. This makes the article not only critical, but also informative for the… Continue Reading...

The Potency and Potentization Of Homeopathy

"each dilution is prepared from the dilution that immediately preceded it," ("Preparation of drugs & Homeopathic Scales of Dilution," 2009). The type of dilutive substance will vary depending on whether the original substance is soluble or insoluble. Soluble substances can be dissolved and diluted in water, alcohol, or glycerin. Insoluble substances can be diluted with lactose. In addition to serial dilution, the homeopathic remedy will be subject to a kind of vigorous shaking process aided by specialized machinery. The shaking up of the diluted remedy occurs during the processes of succussion or trituration. Succussion refers to "rhythmical violent agitations,"… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of a Public Policy on an Individual

and his belief in the possibility for change. Policy: The War on drugs The War on drugs has been described as "the most expensive and longest-running policy initiatives ever pursued by the American government," (Williams, 2016). However, the war on drugs is not a singular piece of legislation but the War on drugs does refer to a cohesive public policy that affects people like the 23-year-old black male. The primary target of the war on drugs is Black men, who are disproportionately represented in prison populations for drug offenses (Drug Policy Alliance, 2017). Likewise, Holloway (n.d.) reveals striking evidence that… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

Drug Enforcement Administration, the Controlled Substances Act, and the War on drugs all show that drug prohibition has been framed as a federal issue. Recent state-by-state legalization of cannabis (marijuana) has challenged and undermined the efficacy of federal drug laws and anti-drug policies. Almost half the states have now legalized marijuana for either medical or recreational use (Hill, 2015). The state-by-state legalization scheme creates legal and ethical conundrums. For example, Hill points out that federal anti-drug legislation prohibits legal marijuana businesses operating in states like Colorado to use national financial institutions for banking. Without access to the usual… Continue Reading...

Legalizing Sale Of Organs

marijuana. It is true that Hancey was told up front that using marijuana or other drugs was not allowed and that doing so could lead to him being denied a lung even if it was available. This ended up being precisely what happened and Hancey was passed over for the first lung that became available. A second lung became available but Hancey died before it could be put in place. There are a few arugments aginst the decision to deny the kidney to Hancey. First, there are many that hold that having marijuana being considered a schedule I drug,… Continue Reading...

Treating Allergic Patients Using Homeopathy

Ferreri et al. (2016) conducted a study to examine enhanced quality of life and decrease of traditional drugs in homeopathy treatment of allergic patients. The study was carried out in the Centre for Integrated Medicine in Pitigliano, Tuscany. These researchers conducted their study in this healthcare facility because its an innovative hospital that provides homeopathy and acupuncture in combination with conventional clinical care. Therefore, this facility provides integrated medical care for patient treatment, which makes it ideal for examining enhanced quality of life and decrease in conventional drugs. This paper examines the study conducted by these researchers in relation… Continue Reading...

Nursing Rules and Regulations

A can be shown how to check the expiration date for drugs. There is a pattern of multiple minor incidents Based on the facts of the case, this was the first incident the nurse has faced. This clearly indicates that there is no need to eport the nurse as this was a minor case and the first time that the nurse had an incident. B. Minor Incident? Apply the facts of the case to each criterion above. In the second column of the table, record your explanation as to whether the facts support or do not support each of… Continue Reading...

Camden New Jersey and Corruption Exploitation

shipyards now runs on two of shadiest businesses imaginable: illicit drugs (controlled by gangs) and the scrap metal industry. Strain theory shows how residents of Camden will view both of these businesses as the only means to put food on the table -- because essentially they are. All the people that the authors interview in Camden assert that now that Camden is a wasteland, there are absolutely no jobs. Young people, more than fifty percent of whom drop out of high school because the education system is so terrible, turn to whatever work they can find. It happens that… Continue Reading...

Film Juno Analysis

coming?" Mom replies, "No, I was hoping she was expelled or into hard drugs." Then the father adds, "Yeah, or a DWI. Anything but this." Making fun of the issue helps to dissipate some of the tension surrounding an unplanned teen pregnancy but also covertly covers up an underlying pro-life discourse because making light of the situation suggests that getting pregnant and carrying the child to term is not the end of the world even for a teenager still in school. The film fails to get into the negative effects of teen pregnancy, presenting an unnecessarily rosy picture. Still,… Continue Reading...

Audience Style Writing on Websites Webmd and Drugs.com

those who do not. This memorandum compares and contrasts two health information websites: WebMD and drugs.com to illustrate the importance of audience when composing and presenting health-related information online. Audience The WebMD website is written for a general audience with limited understanding of science or low science literacy. To a degree, drugs.com is also geared for a general audience, but the difference between these sites is that drugs.com also has a section for professionals that can be used to make educated and evidence-based decisions about pharmacological treatments. There is, for example, a "Pro Edition" section of drugs.com as well… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

techniques. Culture affects the treatment of autism through influencing how family members accept and respond to prescribed drugs and therapy techniques. Additionally, culture impacts the treatment of this disorder by affecting how the patient and his/her family view the disease and its diagnosis. Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

2003), and yet firearm-related deaths and injuries have fallen in recent years, with the United Nations Office on drugs and Crime (2008) reporting that in relation to the standards of the rest of the world, the proportion of firearm-related homicides in Ukraine is in the low range (around 4%) and is consistent with proportions of other states in its region. From a sociological standpoint, the firearms legislation in the Ukraine is consistent with the Eastern European sociality related to the region's views and perspectives on weapons. Its culture and region are far less controlled than Western European countries, such… Continue Reading...

Social Work Mental Health Issues

to reduce mass incarceration and instead urge lawmakers to eliminate the war on drugs so that substance abuse is no longer criminalized and addicts receive the treatment interventions they deserve. Because socio-economic class status, race, and ethnicity often factor into who gets funneled into the criminal justice system and who has access to mental health services, social workers need to pressure politicians to create a system that is fairer and more just. The mental health commitment standards and mental health services in my state are underdeveloped, even when it comes to accessing my state's Medicaid program. Therefore, activism remains… Continue Reading...

Adverse Effects Associated with Hyland Teething Tablets

or too little. Therefore, it would not be wise to use the drugs until there is a clear indication of how much belladonna is used. There have been reports of children developing seizures, excessive sleepiness, skin flushing, difficulty urinating, difficulty breathing, muscle weakness, constipation, or agitation after consuming the tablets (Anderson, 2004). These are just some of the symptoms reported by parents after giving their child the drug. The laboratory tests have indicated that the amounts of belladonna available in each dosage differs. Therefore, there is a possibility that some tablets could contain high amounts of belladonna, which causes… Continue Reading...

Enhancing Nursing Service Delivery and Minimizing Errors

steps, missing the proper order of procedures, and prescribing wrong/overdosing drugs. Often, medical errors occur during medical administrations, transcribing, and dispensations (Frith et al., 2012). The article shows that some of the errors are often a detriment to the health of the patients. Some medical errors result in the death of patients and permanent physical impairment for some patients. The analysis of the study showed that medical errors are insignificant in some occasions. Examples of minor errors include improper dosage, wrong timing of the medication, and missing a step in a medical procedure. The errors hamper service delivery because… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

of Peer Pressure, Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol and drugs, and Involvement in Road Accidents. Criminal Justice Studies, 21(1), 3 -- 14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786010801972639. Simons-Morton, B. G., Ouimet, M. C., Zhang, Z., Klauer, S. E., Lee, S. E., Wang, J., et al. (2011). The Effect of Passengers and Risk-taking Friends on Risky Driving and Crashes/Near Crashes Among Novice Teenagers. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 49(6), 587 -- 593. Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

police officer > Community's Health issues The police officer said the biggest health issue is the use of drugs. He said young people are using too many drugs -- heroin, marijuana. This corresponds with what the City of Fargo (2017) has reported regarding the explosion of heroin use. > Community's Safety issues The officer cited heroin use as the biggest safety issue because it threatens the stability of the community. > Strengths of the Community The officer said the biggest strength of the community was the families and the schools. People were basically good but some bad people were trying to… Continue Reading...

Child Drug Addiction in Afghanistan

Children Addicted to drugs shows the remarkable phenomenon of young children being addicted to drugs in Afghanistan. My view of drugs did not change after watching the film. The film is not even necessarily about drugs as much as it is the ravages of war and systematic poverty. For example, the people living in remote regions of Afghanistan do not have access to proper medical treatment. Opium and other opiate drugs like heroin are the only pain relievers the people have available to them. Whether suffering injuries directly due… Continue Reading...

Federal Policy on Afordable Care Act

annual checkups and those who make us of high prescription drugs get a relief to fill the gap that the 2003 Medicare program would not fill and among these are the veterans who often have to buy fairly expensive medication for their mental and general health wellbeing. The ACA has proven to be of great benefit to the poor Americans, like majority of the veterans, making them more financially secure than it was before since the ACA ensured their bills have been paid for hence their debt reduced significantly. A paper from National Bureau of Economic Research indicates that… Continue Reading...

Breach Of Duty and Financial Injury Of the Patient

nurse should be recording all the events including the drugs administered, their response, or any emergency procedures. Breach of Duty The nurse breaches the duty on several grounds. He has been assigned to protect the interests of the patient Mr. Jones. He has nothing else other than doing a follow-up towards what is happening to the patient at hand. When the patient shows some changes, the nurse should be present and record the changes where possible. The nurse fails to inform the doctor Mr. Grumpy on the medical occurrences of the patient at night. Even with the unresponsiveness of… Continue Reading...

Cloud Service and Prescription

technology side. By accommodating for the patients and placing prescription drugs in a convenient, easy to access location, they made more effective the use that was already there. This is how risk management for the prescription process can lead to positive outcomes. By assessing and analyzing data collected, it can lead to a better understanding of the problem and thus, prompt resolution. Assessment involves detailing the input and output process. As mentioned previously, doctors and nurses write out prescriptions for patients. This represents one part of the input aspect. If this were a diagram, the second part of the… Continue Reading...

Marbury V Madison Impact

June, 2015, a 5-4 ruling was made (Bamzai, 1070-1). The ruling held that drugs are not a violation of the freedom against unusual and cruel punishment given in the Eighth Amendment. In a recent event, the U.S. Supreme Court exercised its authority to proclaim that according to the Constitution, the people of the nation have the freedom of same-sex marriage. This was a 5-4 ruling which was made in 2015, June 26. According to Justice Anthony Kennedy, same-sex couples have respect for marriage and would like to be given equal respect by the law (Haworth, 298). Hence, that freedom… Continue Reading...

Joe's Case Study and Evidence Based Practice

case recognizes the inherent harm that the war on drugs creates, and advocate on behalf of Joe. Social work aims to reduce harm, which means refusing to place moral judgments on people like Joe and to especially refrain from criminalizing the client or diverting clients into the criminal justice system. However, social workers also understand how policies constrain their ability to take action to help people like Joe. Joe's case exhibits gaps in service delivery related to intersectionality and social class status. Guiding principles of social work include understanding the patient in a systemic way, taking into account issues… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

blame for them. The dangerously high crime rate is a huge problem already as there are reports of drugs among preparatory school students. Do you anticipate that the percentage of adults/ registered voters aligned with the same political ideology as you are likely to increase or decrease in the near future? Following the current political happenings in America, most especially the election of President Donald Trump as well as the sustained agitation in favour of the 2nd amendment, there is a widespread expectation that the population of people who are in support of this social liberalism movement would enjoy… Continue Reading...

Modern Police Tactics and Tricks

are urban areas, any area with high drug use/dealing, any area with high crime rates ( drugs or otherwise) and so forth (RAND). Describe the current status of and prospects for police-community programs in the United States. When it comes to the current state of police/community affairs, the results are decidedly mixed and uneven. There are areas where relations between the community and police are quite good to great. There are other areas, however, that are less than optimal. Just a few examples are Chicago, Milwaukee, Saint Louis and Tulsa. Whether it be pervasive gun violence with no end or… Continue Reading...

Managing Reforming Drug Addicts and Ex Convicts

Hover, this is impractical considering the addictive nature of the drugs. I like the article as it explores very pertinent issues that lawmakers and policymakers need to take into consideration in the fight against drug and substance abuse. For instance, the inability of the existing medical infrastructure in helping drug addicts to recover from the addiction is indeed a reality. A true revolution in the fight against drug abuse must begin by acknowledging this fact. Secondly, the article proposes the use of jails as rehabilitative facilitates for drug addicts. I agree with this article that jails will provide a… Continue Reading...

The American Prison Population

population may increase and the population segment most affected could be minorities. The 'War on drugs' seems like the way most prisoners will be added to the prison population and stricter drug policy may lead to additional arrests. Trump essentially has allowed prosecutors to gain leverage by giving larger sentences to get the kind of information they need. However, this kind of information may be inaccurate due to the fear of conviction. This may mean more innocent people may go to jail unnecessarily. Continue Reading...

Brain Development Disorders

for dementia include pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment approaches. The pharmacological treatments include estrogen, antioxidants, cholinergic therapies, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Garand, Buckwalter & Hall, 2000). On the contrary, non-pharmacological treatments include psychological counseling and psychotherapy that focus on addressing the cognitive and behavioral factors relating to the disease. References Baquero, M. & Martin, N. (2015, August 16). Depressive Symptoms in Neurodegenerative Diseases. World Journal of Clinical Cases, 3(8), 682-693. Garand, L., Buckwalter, K.C. & Hall, G.R. (2000, February). The Biological Basis of Behavioral Symptoms in Dementia. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 21(1), 91-107. Gupta, A. & Singhal, G. (2011).… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

greater tendencies to join gangs, visit reform facilities, become hooked on illicit drugs, get sent out of school or commit juvenile murders. A single parent will not be able to give the child the time, care and direction he/she badly needs such as constant moral guidance (Maginnis). 6. Provide a thought provoking question for discussion and then attempt to respond to that question. Question -- Crime is still present in developed countries. Can we lessen crime via a higher emphasis on education? Reducing crime is a priority of governments across the world with a major reason for this being… Continue Reading...

Humana Care Delivery for Patients

and its pharmaceutical prescription online portal allows direct access to drugs that patients need. Patients who live nearby the organization's physical locations can make use of the facilities there and healthcare professionals can work for the organization in any of these facilities by applying directly with the company. Humana also works with regulators to ensure that it is compliant with all laws and regulations. As the diagram below shows, Humana is considerably well-linked and allied with all the necessary components and stakeholders within the healthcare industry. This puts Humana Care Delivery Organization as a top primary care provider in… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Considerations Intellectual Property and Product Safety

by a business, it hurts the relationship that exists with the consumers and other important stakeholders. The drugs segment of business is even more sensitive because the products produced by such entities as PharmaCARE hold the potential to harm the consumer in significant ways if ethical and legal considerations are adhered to, to the letter and spirit. Owing to the dangers inherent in such products, international standards have been set to safeguard consumers and assist such companies to operate without too many challenges. These standards emphasize on the need to provide sufficient information about the product along with its… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

offenses as whites, and around 2 1/2 times as prone to apprehension for having drugs in their possession[footnoteRef:11]. The above figures are in spite of proofs of almost identical rates of drug consumption by blacks and whites. Between 1995 and 2005, blacks made up roughly 13% of drug consumers, but accounted for thirty-six percent of drug apprehensions and forty-six percent of individuals charged as guilty of committing drug offenses. [11: Rothwell, Jonathan. Drug offenders in American prisons: The critical difference between stock and flow. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2015).] Variations are apparent at the first interaction with law enforcement… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act and Marijuana

government (Thompson & Gusmano, 2014). Marijuana is arguably the most popular of illicit drugs due to its widespread consumption, interest by governments and its non-adverse effect. Over 65 million American have taken marijuana at least once and its consumption has no connected with higher death rates. During the ‘70s, Canada and the United States made moves towards changing the laws guiding marijuana. The continuous and rising consumption of the substance in spite of the law was causing a strain on law enforcement and the courts, the public were warming up to the drug and everyone was working, consciously and unconsciously,… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

opportunities to observe their religious practices, torture, and even putting drugs in the prisoners’ food (Howland, 2013). In sum, the terrorist suspects detained at Guantanamo Bay are being held as “unlawful enemy combatants” who violated the law by seeking to challenge the legitimacy of the United States (Howland, 2013). In response to the force-feedings, the cover of the Economist proclaimed:  “’Unjust, unwise, unAmerican: Why terrorist tribunals are wrong,’ and displayed a blindfolded Justice, draped in Grecian robes, holding scales and sword, and seen in the cross hairs of the scope of a rifle aimed at her heart” (Metcalf &… Continue Reading...

Practice Of Dumping Essay

and 17 in Western Europe) were specified as approved countries to which unapproved drugs could be exported; The exported product must be approved in advance by the importing country; The drug must already be partway through the approval process at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and the sponsor of the drug must be actively pursuing approval of the pharmaceutical in the United States; The drug had not previously been taken off the American market because of ineffectiveness or lack of safety, and an application for approval had not been denied by the United States; and, An unapproved drug… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

each year, and the practice generates billions of dollars in criminal proceeds at home and abroad. In fact, after drugs and gun-running, sex trafficking is the largest source of money for criminal organizations in the United States. Given the enormity of the problem and the vast sums of money that are involved, it is not surprising that the international community has not been successful in eliminating this practice. To determine the facts, this paper provides an analysis of the relevant literature concerning the correlation between prostitution and human trafficking to demonstrate that the two have an inextricable but difficult… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

forms of interrogation and torture, including the use of so-called “silent drugs” which are administered to detainees without their knowledge or permission to coerce information from them as well as other psychological techniques. Although psychological interrogation and torture methods may appear less harmful compared to physical methods, the harsh reality is that these methods can produce long-term adverse effects in both detainees as well as their interrogators.22 In this regard, Hodge and Cooper report that, “The basic techniques--the use of stress positions, sensory deprivation and sexual humiliation--are aimed at making victims feel responsible for their own pain and suffering.… Continue Reading...

How to Treat Schizophrenia and Autism

and mental illness is often associated with dangerous outbursts—though as Saks (2009) points out, people who abuse drugs are typically far more dangerous and lethal to others than are individuals who suffer from a mental illness. The stigma is different for those who have mental illness versus those who have developmental disabilities: for example, Saks was forcibly restrained but went on to show that she could still work, while Kirtland was never forcibly restrained but was socially restrained in that he could never get a full-time job—so the stigmas operate differently in terms of how people approach individuals who… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Steroids and Hgh

even if it’s HGH to begin with. Just like with street drugs like heroin, marijuana and so forth, there could be other substances in there from the production. There could also be the inclusion of addictive substances, like PCP, that get a person more reliably hooked. This is a method that some dealers use with all drugs to get more “return customers” (WebMD, 2017). The medical consequences of HGH, as mentioned before, can be nasty. However, anabolic steroids have their own challenges and effects if they are misused or used excessively. In men, those symptoms would include a reduction… Continue Reading...

Gold Smuggling and the Gold Black Market

has become involved in the “informal” mining extractions to couple the exchange of lucrative drugs and gold (Bargent and Norby). In fact, American firms have been complicit in the agreements, as Bargent and Norby point out. Works Cited Bargent, James and Norby, Michael. “Blood gold: From conflict zones in Colombia to jewelry stores in the US.” Aj Jazeera America. 18 Nov, 2015. Retrieved online: http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/11/18/blood-gold-colombia.html BBC Earth. “There Are People Mining Gold Illegally in California’s Hills.” 2016. Retrieved online: http://www.bbc.com/earth/gallery/20161009-there-are-people-mining-gold-illegally-in-californias-hills Black, Simon. “The Black Market for Gold is Booming.” Business Insider. 23 Nov, 2012. Retrieved online: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-thriving-black-market-for-gold-2012-11 Naylor, R.T.… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

general new concepts. With respect to medical innovativeness, the respondents answered questions on attitudes towards new medical devices, drugs, and procedures. Even though the study found no significant racial differences in general innovativeness, there were significant differences on medical innovativeness. In this regard, whites had higher medical innovativeness and were more willing to accept new prescription drugs in comparison to blacks. The findings of this study were significant in the review in the sense that it highlighted how race plays a crucial element in attitudes towards health care delivery. These findings signify that different racial or ethnic groups have… Continue Reading...

De Jouvenel Quote on Sheep and Wolves

media to maintain power and control, such as by perpetuating the idea that drugs should be criminalized or that mass shootings cannot be controlled with stricter background checks for gun ownership. When a wolf-like politician like Donald Trump comes to power, the herd splits in two, making it easier for the wolf to lay down an attack. Half the herd reacts in anger and shock to Trump, rather than taking decisive action. Opposing the wolves in power requires a lot more than a society of sheep. A society of sheep can never effectively self-govern because it is not in… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

Book Recommendations, and Student Activities | Scholastic.com. The New York Times, 2010. http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/features/index.asp?article=f050409_Mexico&gt.  Taylor, Jameson. Illegal Immigration: drugs, Gangs and Crime. John W. Pope Civitas Institute. 2010.  http://www.nccivitas.org/media/publication archive/perspective/illegal-immigration-drugs-gangs-and-crime&gt. Spencer Alexander. “Linking Immigrants and Terrorists: The Use of Immigration as an Anti-Terror Policy”. The Online Journal of Peace and Conflict Resolution. 8 (1), 1-24, 2008. Stoffman, D. Truths and Myths About Immigration. In: Moens, A., Collacott, M. eds. Immigration Policy and the Terrorist Threat in Canada and the United States. Vancouver: Fraser Institute, pp.3-20, 2008. Timmerman, Kenneth . FrontPage Magazine – Broken. 2006. http://archive.frontpagemag.com/readArticle.aspx?ARTID=4078&gt. Zolberg Aristide. A Nation by Design:… Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

not hard to tell the difference. If someone has a large quantity of drugs and/or the drugs are individually packaged for sales, that is a telltale sign that they are selling it. Absent that sort of thing, rehabilitation should be one of the first things offered. If the person committed property or other non-violent crimes during their drug use, jail might be warranted. However, the user can get treatment while they are in prison. If they refuse to get treatment, they will still serve their sentence. However, that sentence should not be excessive. Further, the punishment should focus on… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

commands as expected, intoxicated people or those high on drugs, individuals with cognitive or emotional disabilities, etc. Research has clearly demonstrated that the prevalent use of force against some demographic groups is not often a consequence of overt disdain for the demographic group by the concerned police officer(s) (Levine and Harris 2004). Instead, as the authors point out, some studies have suggested that the decisions that result in the use of force not commensurate with the threat posed are often times as a result of unconscious bias. Mechanisms that could come in handy on this front include IAT (Implicit… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

handling and managing clinical information. Informed Consent when Testing New drugs Informed consent in a clinical trial has many facets to it and involves more than obtaining the research subjects written or verbal informed consent to take part in the trial. The informed consent concept is embedded in The Belmont Report, The Declaration of Helsinki, and the principles of Nuremberg Code (Nijhawan et al. 134). Informed consent entails providing a potential participant with sufficient information regarding the participation in the clinical investigation. The researcher should ensure the participants understand the information fully. The participants should be given ample time to… Continue Reading...

Societal Perceptions Of Pornography

looks for more graphic content. In some cases, the consumer opts to utilize performance enhancement drugs to achieve desired impacts in his/her sexual life. Pornography also contributes to broken relationships through changing the viewer’s perceptions of sexual norms and practices. As these perceptions become skewed, the individual is likely to engage in rape and other forms of sexual violence in order to fulfill his/her distorted sexual desires and impulses. Continue Reading...

Trends in Healthcare Management Industry

mention a number. Consequently, patients are still at risk of prolonged shortages of different drugs. Complex challenges have emerged as an important trend in the drug shortage matter. The problem remains multifaceted as no single reason could explain its occurrence. Besides, the issue affects other nations across the globe, not only the United States. Popular myths have linked drug shortages to limited availability of raw materials (McLaughlin & Skoglund, 2015). In addition, some people have claimed that outsourcing is the leading cause of the problem. On the contrary, most of the drug manufacturing factories are located in the United… Continue Reading...

Inpatient Admission Of the Poor for Healthcare in the United States

still require emergency room treatment from issues pertaining to drugs, crime, and other social ills pertaining to economics. Another example which supports the notion that there would only be a slight decline in inpatient admission if the poor were as healthy as those who are not poor is found in the Patient and Affordable Care Act. Due to governmental subsidies (as well as revenues from penalties associated with this act in which everyone was mandated to have health insurance) (Fernandez, 2014), healthcare was suddenly accessible to all—including those who were poor. However, in the wake of this act the… Continue Reading...

Reminiscing on My Teens

always other things to do other than simply consume drugs and alcohol, and I had fun doing those things. Perhaps when I exceeded my teenage years these behaviors had a greater effect on me. In part, social learning theory and my experience with my soccer team were so influential because of the junior high school and high school I attended, neither of which I liked. I attended school with affluent suburbanites who I was able to have fun with, yet never really considered the sort of people to pattern myself after. Another important layer of Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological system is… Continue Reading...

Bin Laden Al Qaeda Financing Crime

reactive, especially when it comes to unfair neoliberal policies or ill-informed programs like the war on drugs. Naylor is incorrect to draw too many parallels between the war on drugs and the war on terrorism. Drug trafficking is financially motivated, and the right to take drugs is a personal choice. Terrorism might occasionally be financially motivated but mainly it derives from deeper issues and ideologies. Attacking terrorist financing remains one of the most important—if not the most important—methods of stopping non-state actors from gaining any more traction. Terrorist organizations have proliferated and profited because of global business ventures in… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

the government has done a good job with the “war on drugs,” which has been a complete fiscal and human rights failure (p. 1). Eduardo Porter feels the same way, and I have lately been inspired by the possibility of reform Republicans to illuminate a path forward that does not degenerate into fluffy anti-government rhetoric while also showing where wasteful spending curtails life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Conservatives simply want to empower the individual to make the right choices. We should aim to be as non-interventionist as possible, domestically and in foreign policy, without veering off the… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

to create as well as post credible and valuable results and introduce novel drugs for treatment of serious illnesses. References Chyba, C. F. (2006). Biotechnology and the challenge to arms control. Arms Control Today, 36(8), 11. DaSilva, E. J., Baydoun, E., & Badran, A. (2002). Biotechnology and the developing world. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 5(1), 1-2.). Biotechnology and the developing world. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, 5(1), 1-2. Farajkhoda, T. (2017). An overview on ethical considerations in stem cell research in Iran and ethical recommendations: A review. International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine, 15(2), 67. Farajkhoda, T., Roudsari, R. L., & Abbasi, M. (2012). Ethical performance in delivery of… Continue Reading...

School Crime Prevention Programs

Resistance Education. It educates children about the danger of drugs and the related outcomes that can come with the same. It also educates on how to say no to drug use invitations. Some might say that DARE is a drug program and not an anti-crime program. However, this would be inaccurate on two levels. First, drug use is generally against the law. Second, people that engage in drug use commonly engage in one or more other crimes. One example would be people that steal to support their habit. The dealing of drugs and trafficking are other behaviors that are… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

and impulse control disorders is not necessarily causal. Doctors should continue to prescribe drugs that target the primary symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, and can always make adjustments to the patient’s medications later if side effects become severe or difficult to manage. References Leeman, R.F., Billingsley, B.E. & Potenza, M.N. (2012). Impulse control disorders in Parkinson’s disease. Neurodegener Dis Manag. 2012 Aug 1; 2(4): 389–400. It is suggested the effects of oxytocin explains altruistic behaviors. How might this knowledge be used to promote prosocial behaviors? Oxytocin is a hypothalamic peptide, a brain chemical that has been shown to “strengthen social… Continue Reading...

The Ethical Issues Of Criminal Justice

Although there are tight policies and programs put in place with the objective of minimizing entry of drugs, counterfeit goods and criminals through points of entry, there never seems to be a closure on the border control issue. it is clear that tighter policies and programs needs to be put in place with an objective of making it more difficult to smuggles counterfeit goods and drugs and for crime suspects to pass through border security. 3. Innocence program: The number at which innocent people get convicted of crimes they did not commit, due to factors such as wrong identity… Continue Reading...

Using Health Information Technology As a Source Of Evidence-based Practice

In seeking to administer drugs, nurses ought to be guided by the five medical administration rights. These are patient, time, dose, drug, and route (You, Choe, Park, Kim, and Son, 2015). One issue that I consider to be of great concern in my practice is medicating patients late leading to noncompliance. This happens to be one of the more significant errors in the administration of medications in a healthcare setting, with the other errors being wrong dose and wrong medication. When nurses fail to administer drugs to patients as prescribed… Continue Reading...

Pathophysiology Of Gastric Acid Stimulation and Production

the other hand, women will get gastritis from the drugs they take like aspirin and other anti-inflammatory drugs. Diagnosing and Prescribing Treatment of These Disorders In the case of women, it is recommended that they take precaution by undergoing screening for GERD condition in a health center (Rao, Micic, & Kim, 2016). This way they can safely manage the symptoms if they are discovered. PUD diagnosis involves taking an acid-blocking medication to check if the PUD symptoms will improve. In case the ulcers are extensive, the individual should change their lifestyle, medication, or undergo surgery. Diagnosis of gastritis is… Continue Reading...

Common Property and Animal Testing

(Hajar 2011). Before regulations were put into place mandating structured testing protocols on animals before humans, drugs such as diethylene glycol (DEG) and thalidomide, drugs which were put on the market which had negative and lasting consequences for those who took them (Hajar 2011). Still, there can be no denying the fact that animal testing presupposes a hierarchy between humans and animals, placing human beings above animals in the hierarchy of who has a right to live. Even if not all animals can be eliminated from current testing and continue to advance medical research, there can still be a… Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

conspire to make them poor and disenfranchised. Middle-class adolescents are able to rebel with drugs and free love, at least for a time. Working class youths are treated as deviants if they engage in such rebellion. But the worst thing is that the idea that there is social mobility is spread around as a lie, given that it encourages members of the working class to believe that there is hope that they can get ahead. It also suggests that people who do not “make it” in society are poor and downtrodden because of their own faults and vices, not a… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

also be helpful if the woman’s body requires stabilizing through the use of medicine or prescription drugs. These can be used to help control impulses, stabilize moods, and address depression (Milano, De Rosa, Milano et al., 2013). The Christian Perspective The Christian perspective offers a faith-based approach to healing that has been adopted by a number of therapeutic practitioners and facilities. Timberline Knolls for example is a residential treatment center for women that offers individualized treatment plans that focus on “faith and spiritual renewal for every woman” (Timberline Knolls, 2018). At the center “each resident works with an expert… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

need help to cope with the lives and the negative experiences they feel. They will turn to abusing drugs and alcohol or engage in risky sexual activity in order to try to escape their trauma. In some cases, they lash out at their environment in response to the strain they are feeling. This can lead them to a life of crime and eventually to time served in prison. Understanding these issues and learning ways to help children who are victims of domestic violence is one way to make a positive difference in their lives and help communities to overcome… Continue Reading...

Homelessness

as to say that Los Angeles will never overcome homelessness until it is able to win the war on drugs (Kruzman, 2016). In 2013, reports from the Community Epidemiology Work Group demonstrated that “16.6 percent of all people admitted for drug abuse treatment were homeless at the time of admission. In comparison, homeless individuals formed only 0.39 percent of the overall population” (Kruzman, 2016). So many of the program available to help annihilate homelessness such as in allowing prescription pills to be affordable or free to the mentally ill homeless, actually enable drug addicts to keep using, and virtually… Continue Reading...

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics and Virtue Ethics

addresses both of these virtues in “The Case Against Perfection.” Sandel (2004) talks about all the “enhancements,” from drugs and surgery to genetic modification, that are available to achieve desirable goals such as improved performance on academic of athletic tests (p. 1). While it is understandable that these types of enhancements reflect the overall competitiveness of the society and the striving for perfection in all areas of life, over-reliance on enhancements is not virtuous for one main reason: it “represents an anxious excess of mastery and dominion that misses the sense of life as a gift,” (Sandel, 2004, p.… Continue Reading...

21st Century Cures Act

Cures Act gives FDA the legal authority to hasten the testing and approval process for new drugs, leading to faster use in pharmaceutical markets. It supports a continuous exploration process in the use of real world data. The evidence from the real world medical practice should not necessarily be different or incompatible with randomized clinical trials in the assessment of safety, and drug and device efficacy. A framework for the assessment of the risks and benefits will provide a balanced review of risks and gains, and put into practice an organized and consistent method to discussing regulatory making of… Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

but that it may be moving backward to a magical time before crass materialism, sex, drugs, and rock and roll took over. Granted, the author may in fact aim to persuade conservative readers that their fears of progress are unfounded. Many of the seeming signs of moral decay are also superficial, notes Hynmowitz. For example, soccer moms with piercings take pole dancing classes for aerobic exercise. These are not signs of moral decay, just so-called “bourgeois bohemian” trends (Hymnowitz, 2004, p. 19). Millennials are defined by being “sober, hardworking, respectful, and chaste,” (p. 20). Hynmowitz (2004) would strengthen her… Continue Reading...

Babies Born from Transplanted Uteruses Ethics

safety. To host the transplanted uterus, the mother must take immunosuppressant drugs, which when taken over the long term could cause health damage and may even present a small risk to the fetus (Sherratt 1). Second, concerns have been raised over whether this is an expensive treatment option only available to the rich. Another argument against the transplanted uterus delivery is whether demand for the procedure might fuel a black market in uteruses. Finally, there are some concerns over whether uterus transplants might reduce the numbers of babies who are being adopted. Replies to Arguments Against The safety argument… Continue Reading...

Advance Practice Nursing Ethics Disclosure

changed include avoiding problematic abbreviations, being certain to double-check for similar medication names, robust identification of high-risk drugs in particular, standardizing units of measurement, and verification of patient-specific identifiers and conditions (Jenkins & Vaida, 2007). The introduction of electronic health records is not a panacea, even though technology can be used to prevent some types of medication errors from occurring. Ultimately, though, medication errors are most often related to culture, training, and education, effectively “the result of a breakdown in processes that guide delivery of patient care,” (Sorrell, 2017, p. 1). Patient education in how to take the medication… Continue Reading...

Seattle Homelessness Action Plan

homelessness in Seattle City. Drug addicts routinely act erratically and in addition to exhausting their funds in search of drugs to satisfy their cravings, they tend to miss work and are likely to be fired as a result. In that regard, therefore, there is need to advance rehabilitative services to those who happen to be in the drug and substance addiction cycle. The consequence of eliminating the drug addiction problem is likely to be better management of resources (i.e. money) and better self-awareness and responsiveness. 5. Recommendations 5.0. Resources are finite and there are no guarantees as to the… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

worth looking into as to whether or not these drugs themselves have a risk in destabilizing a person’s mind. Not much is yet known about the high school shooter in Florida—but the details that have emerged present a picture of an orphan, who had no guidance in his life, who had suffered a childhood trauma, and whose behavior should have been a red flag for authorities. In this case, there was inadequate intervention in the child’s life and the result was that he did not receive the help he needed in time before disaster struck. From the guardians in… Continue Reading...

Schizophrenia

J.R. and Kissling, W. (2013). Comparative efficacy and tolerability of 15 antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia: a multiple-treatments meta-analysis. The Lancet, 382(9896), 951-962. Turkington, D., Kingdon, D., & Turner, T. (2002). Effectiveness of a brief cognitive—behavioural therapy intervention in the treatment of schizophrenia. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 180(6), 523-527. Smith, D. (2007). Muses, Madmen, and Prophets: Hearing Voices and the Borders of Sanity. NY: Penguin Books. WHO. (2017). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental_health/management/schizophrenia/en/ Continue Reading...

Dark Net Essay

the dark web became a way to engage in criminal activity, including: buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  The essay will delve into some of the history of the dark net, including the founding of Silk Road, and other services such as nucleus and alpha bay.  It will explore the relationship of the dark net to digital currency like bitcoin and blockchain.  Our example essay will not only explain the dark… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Delinquency Essay

can cause the adults around the child to show their darker more unstable sides. Substance abuse of drugs or alcohol creates an environment that is more conducive to committing crimes or to acting out in ways to support that habit. There are a variety of problems that can manifest within the confines of a family from psychological problems such as mental illness, depression, denial of reality, hoarding of goods to social problems such as gender discrimination and racism (Umar, 2017). Other problems such as shoddy parenting styles can provoke youths to act out in delinquent ways. For example, parents… Continue Reading...

Diabetes and Drug Treatments

be used by patients with gestational diabetes as well ( drugs, 2012). Dietary considerations that should be made related to treatment are that the diabetes patient should try to consume foods that are low in sugar so that the body is not constantly trying to deal with increased blood sugar levels. Eating all-natural, organic diets or foods such as fish and vegetables can not only help reduce blood sugar levels but can also help to reduce the risk of diabetes and even reverse it in some cases. As diabetes is often linked to obesity and one of the ways to… Continue Reading...

Dark Web, Darknet, Deep Web Essay

about how the dark web became a way to engage in criminal activity, including: buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  The essay will delve into some of the history of the dark net, including the founding of Silk Road, and other services such as nucleus and alpha bay.  It will explore the relationship of the dark net to digital currency like bitcoin and blockchain.  Our example essay will not only explain… Continue Reading...

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

Seeking Safety in a Sample of German Women Outpatients with Substance Dependence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Journal of Psychoactive drugs, 47(5), 401-408. doi:10.1080/02791072.2015.1090644 Lowe, C., & Murray, C. (2014). Adult Service-Users’ Experiences of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 44(4), 223–231. Mannarino, A. P., Cohen, J. A., & Deblinger, E. (2013, October 9). Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - Springer. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-7404-9_10 Tsai, J., Harpaz-Rotem, I., Armour, C., Southwick, S. M., Krystal, J. H., & Pietrzak, R. H. (2015). Dimensional structure of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms: results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 76(5), 546-553. doi:10.4088/jcp.14m09091 Continue Reading...

Should Homosexual Partners Adopt Essay

Statistics, 2016). Given these alarming statistics, adoption should widely be promoted as an alternative to surrogacy, artificial insemination, fertility drugs, or even natural childbirth. Homosexual couples, both gays and lesbians, who want to start families need to look more closely at their adoption opportunities. Adoption can be framed as a moral obligation for gay and lesbian couples because of the global humanitarian need to alleviate childhood suffering. However, there are other logical reasons gay and lesbian couples should adopt. One is the fact that starting a family can be rewarding, offering the opportunity for parents and children alike to… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality Essay

with police officers.  For example, although blacks and whites self-report using drugs at approximately the same rights, blacks are approximately three times as likely to be arrested for marijuana usage than whites (American Civil Liberties Union, 2016).  These disparities exist at all levels of the criminal justice system; African Americans are more likely to be investigated by police, arrested, charged, convicted, and receive longer sentences than non-black offenders (Nellis et al., 2008).  While evidence of racial discrimination in the criminal justice system does not, on its own, suggest that African Americans are also disproportionately victims of police brutality, it… Continue Reading...

Genentech Book Analysis Business Science

similar corporate) authored research, whereby the company was forced to admit that one of its drugs increases patient risk of embolisms (Ratner). The phenomenon even reveals the potential for a corporate science research group like Genentech to own its own peer-reviewed media outlet. These are serious concerns for both the scientific community and academia, which threaten to undermine the quality of world’s healthcare system too. Hughes, who remains laudatory about Genentech overall, does not necessarily frame the potential conflicts of interest in ways that might reflect poorly on the company. What Hughes does do is something potentially of greater… Continue Reading...

Patient Centered Care in Healthcare Nursing

profession. Payers often specify a lot – they will frequently determine what drugs they will pay for and which ones they will not pay for, for example. Decisions made by outsiders to the nursing profession, but which impact delivery of care, represent the trade-off between the best interest of the patient, the interest of the healthcare provider to cover costs, and the interests of the payer. Providers may occasionally refer to evidence when making their payout decisions, but are unlike healthcare workers in that they are not ethically beholden to evidence-based patient-centered care. The procedures, programs of treatment, or medications… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Advocacy Team & Technology

in improving readability of medical records. · Improved administration of drugs prescribed by use of on- screen alerts. · Significantly minimize paper work due to the use of online records for laboratory results and other medical records that can be kept digitally. · This will save on a lot of time that was previously used in manual filing of patient records. · By being able to scan, send and attach documents, clinicians will be able to save on time waiting for the physical delivery of results. · Easy transfer of patient records from one facility to another. · Reduction in… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

cause tremendous amounts of trauma to the individual. In prisons, cellmates learn how to abuse drugs, commit crimes, and engage in violence, while suffering enormous psychological scarring. Within the for-profit prison system, high rates of recidivism abound, a sign of the inherent failure of the system, but probably to the warped minds that run this system, they see it as a positive thing, as if these repeated prisoners are like “repeat customers” Disrupting the for-profit prison system is something that needs to occur so that justice might reign again. Another way in which the egregious shame of mass incarceration… Continue Reading...

Antimicrobial Agents

key categories of antimicrobial pharmaceutical agents are antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoal, and antiviral drugs. Sometimes the terms antibiotic, antimicrobial, and anti-infective are used interchangeably, but it is crucial to differentiate between the type of infection in order to choose the appropriate antimicrobial agent (Leekha, Terrell, & Edson, 2011, p. 156). Incorrect treatment can lead to deleterious results including resistance. There are several different ways to classify antimicrobial agents, and likewise, different methods of determining whether the infection is related to a virus, bacteria, or otherwise. Classifying Antimicrobial Agents One method of classifying antimicrobial agents is via their chemical composition or… Continue Reading...

Health Concerns Involving Breast Cancer

drug treatment options for patients diagnosed with the type of cancer you selected. Chemotherapy involves using drugs for the purpose of destroying cancer cells, typically through ending cancer cells’ growth and division capability. Chemotherapy might be performed in the preoperative stage as well (neoadjuvant chemotherapy), for shrinking large tumors and making operations easier. On the other hand, adjuvant chemotherapy (post-operative) aims at reducing recurrence risks. Breast cancer is treated via several kinds of chemotherapy (Cancer.Net, 2017). The most widely used drugs are: · Cisplatin (Platinol) · Carboplatin (Paraplatin) · Capecitabine (Xeloda) (Cancer.Net, 2017) Targeted therapy targets specific cancer genes, tissue… Continue Reading...

How Social Media Has Changed the World

the technology are harmful for the rest of the world. People abuse drugs too but many, many more people benefit from them and use them responsibly to deal with pain and manage their health. Modern communication technology might pose hazards for some people who have no self-control, but for the vast remainder of the population, smartphones, text messaging, social media, Skype, Facetime, direct messaging over the Internet, virtual calls at one’s workplace and many other communication tools offer people ways to connect and share information with one another that is truly life changing—and for the better. Just in the… Continue Reading...

Security at Bay Street Shopping Mall

the parking and loading area that aid in detecting any unwanted matter such as drugs in the vehicles. There is also the inspection for explosives at the parking areas.2 [4: LaTourrette, Tom. Reducing terrorism risk at shopping centers: an analysis of potential security options. Vol. 401. Rand Corporation, 2006.] An additional strength of the mall takes into consideration the prevention techniques and measures that have been put in place. One of the key measures that have been instituted within the mall is the prohibition of photography by individuals within the vicinity and also the amassing of huge group gatherings without… Continue Reading...

Will Congress End the War on Terror

has been “as complete a failure as the War on drugs” with its “continually increasing budgets, exploding proliferation of what is made war upon, increasingly harsh measures following each successive failure and enormous collateral damage.” The proliferation of spying on American citizens by the NSA has fueled the anti-War on Terror side as well, with whistleblowers like Edward Snowden and Julian Assange both hailed as heroes in exile (Price, 2015). The interests of those who oppose the AUMF are rooted in a desire to preserve the right to privacy, a desire to curb spending on foreign wars, a desire… Continue Reading...

William Gibson's Neuromancer on Technology and Humans

outgrowths of human nature. Even Case, who has been extricated from the matrix, has relied on drugs—which are essentially medical technologies—to enhance his human experience. Yet Case no longer uses drugs, and does not have access to the same technological interface that connects all of the other individuals in his world. Because of his lack of dependency on technology, Case is the most human character in the novel. Case also has the most antagonistic relationship with technology of anyone in the book. Even when Case does demonstrate a desire to act with ethical integrity, though, it becomes clear that the… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

their operations indoors and continued to cultivate the plant. By embarking on the War on drugs, the government only strengthened cannabis, a plant whose intoxicating qualities are so desirable that almost 15 million Americans risk arrest each month by smoking it” (Pollan, p.130). “America jailed more of their citizens than any other country in history, and every three of those were in prison because of their involvement with drugs, nearly fifty thousand of them solely for crimes involving marijuana. In the last years of the 20th century, a series of Supreme Court cases and government actions specifically involving marijuana… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Essay

currently under the control of the criminal justice system”;2 2) the War on drugs is a pretext for oppressing the black community, as is evidenced by the fact that black defendants are routinely denied representation and are threatened to accept plea deals to avoid the possibility of even harsher sentences—but all the same they get sucked into the prison industrial complex all the same, and once inside there is almost no possibility of escape;3 and 3) the “prison label” is applied to ex-convicts to keep them oppressed even after they are released from prison, which makes it harder for… Continue Reading...

Folk Medicine and Traditional Customs

countryside. Some similarities in cross-cultural folk / traditional healing practices are the tendencies to self-medicate and to use homeopathic drugs—i.e., home-made ointments or treatments for illnesses that more modern patients would go to a doctor for. These include using an onion for an ear ache or using food to treat an illness of the body. Food is actually a treatment method that spans many cultures and can be found in traditional Asian culture as well as in folk culture in the U.S. Variations exist but they are also informed by regional factors. For example, Asian cuisine for illness will consist… Continue Reading...

Satire in Knox's Chicken Bucket

were not shocking enough, she also uses a range of drugs—from weed to crank to Whip-It, which contains, according to Ross and Chuchmach, nitrous oxide that can give a brief high when inhaled. In short, the young, underage teen Cassie lives a life of indiscriminate sex, drugs and rock ‘n’ roll (her rabbit—before he was lost—was named REO Speedwagon) and is portrayed as being on a crash course with destiny—which, in Knox’s takedown of modern America, is marriage to her mother’s boyfriend Rick. Cassie trades the traditional, modest and mainly innocent culture of the 4-H for the whirlwind lifestyle… Continue Reading...

Gender and Thyroid Disease

adjustment process that will impact their hormone production levels. Types of drugs to Treat Thyroid Disease Levothroid and Synthroid are two types of drugs that are commonly used to treat thyroid disease. They put hormone levels back at where they normally should be and help to eliminate the symptoms experienced by the patient after 1-2 weeks in most cases where they are used. These drugs are sa ynthetic thyroid hormone called levothyroxine. Not everyone’s body absorbs levothyroxine in the same way, and iron content, calcium and other factors may play a part in how well the drug is effective as… Continue Reading...

Assessing a Patient with Stomach Pain

ulcers are detected. A skin test could also be conducted in order to examine the effect of the drugs JR is taking on his body to see if there is indeed an allergic reaction. Differential Diagnosis w/ Possible Conditions I would not accept the diagnosis of diverticulitis without testing for ulcers first. The subjective and objective information only marginally supports this diagnosis, and the symptoms are so common of other factors that there needs to be more information obtained before JR is treated for diverticulitis. Three possible conditions that could explain his stomach pain are: 1) peptic ulcers (Mustafa et… Continue Reading...

Economic Analysis Of Supply and Market Structure Of Healthcare Industry

for crucial prescriptions in order to fulfill the needs of their chronic diseases or conditions. Generic drugs are essentially the ones that are comparable to their brand-name twins. “They are comparable in terms of the dosage, effectiveness, and intended use. Generics are important because they are essentially a less-expensive alternative to their brand-name counterparts. This, of course, is expected to be important to those who are ultimately picking up the tab, governments, who are the biggest purchasers of health care, insurance companies, and individuals”(VanEck, 2016). It’s thus important for consumers and for leaders within the government to have options… Continue Reading...

Abortion

continued to thrive, as did the sale of illegal drugs to induce abortions (Pollitt, 1997). One of the more widely known practitioners of abortion was a woman by the name of Madame Restell and she served for decades in the tri-state area, with travelling sellers working her region selling the female monthly pills that could induce abortion (Pollitt, 1997). The pros and cons of abortion still remain highly charged and highly controversial. One of the biggest pros in favor of abortion revolves around the right of a woman to control her destiny: that includes deciding when she will or… Continue Reading...

Abortion Interview

trade continued to thrive, as did the sale of illegal drugs to induce abortions (Pollitt, 1997). One of the more widely known practitioners of abortion was a woman by the name of Madame Restell and she served for decades in the tri-state area, with travelling sellers working her region selling the female monthly pills that could induce abortion (Pollitt, 1997). The pros and cons of abortion still remain highly charged and highly controversial. One of the biggest pros in favor of abortion revolves around the right of a woman to control her destiny: that includes deciding when she will… Continue Reading...

Ecdocrine

pancreatic disease, nephrotic syndrome, heart disease, liver disease, absorption interference of other drugs or pregnancy (Wilder, Bravenboar, Herremans, Vanderbruggen, & Velkeniers, 2017). T3 and T4 are secreted from the thyroid gland. While T4 is exclusively produced in the thyroid glands, T3 is secreted from the deiodination in extrathyroidal T4 tissue. The deficiency of T3 is responsible for the biochemical and clinical showing of hypothyroidism. Consequently, a basic function such as the consumption of oxygen by the mitochondria and the calorigenesis is delayed. The reduction in the metabolism of energy and the production of heat is manifest in the low… Continue Reading...

Effective Treatment for Veterans with Ptsd

often cause them to withdraw from society, turn to alcohol or drugs for self-medication or commit suicide rather than face the stigma of being labeled as weak or mentally ill. However, care providers today have two effective means of treating PTSD—prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy. Both help the patient to deal directly with the trauma they have experienced by either reliving it over the course of one-on-one sessions with a therapist or sharing their experiences with others and talking them out so as to move beyond them once and for all. References Bergland, C. (Nov 26, 2013).… Continue Reading...

Black Swan

symptoms” are said to be characteristic of borderline patients, as well as attention-seeking behaviors such as self-harm and taking drugs (Kernberg & Michels, 2010, par.9). Nina’s unstable sense of self is fueled both by her lack of an independent self from her mother, her sheltered upbringing in the world of ballet, and the encouragement of the ballet director to lose herself in her role, rather than to retain a strong sense of self. Borderline patients are also often said to continually seek validation from external sources, including significant others and adults. Nina seeks validation from the ballet director, the… Continue Reading...

Bipolar and Borderline Disorders

bipolar and personality disorder, the treatment would likely consider a combination of drugs and therapy. A pharmacological approach to treatment would include the use of lithium, divalproex, or an antipsychotic medication for manic episodes and quetiapine or lamotrigine for depression (Connolly & Thase, 2011). However, not all patients are going to want to use drugs, as the side effects can be troublesome. Nonetheless, this method is helpful in stabilizing the patient, while cognitive behavioral therapy can be used to help treat the patient by focusing on thought patterns, identifying troubling impulses and working with the patient to engage in… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

lining and help in reducing the level of irritability. The mucopolysaccharides that are spread in the drugs help in replenishing and creating a conducive environment essential in decreasing bladder inflammation (Chaao et al, 2015). It is therefore, critical to develop the proper controls that are essential in instituting the specific models and changing the main traits and models indicated. The drug helps in ensuring that the patient does not suffer continuously from conditions that can easily be overcome with proper medication in the body. Prelief medication or an anti-acid is also one of the methods that is used in… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

bladder lining and help in reducing the level of irritability. The mucopolysaccharides that are spread in the drugs help in replenishing and creating a conducive environment essential in decreasing bladder inflammation (Chaao et al, 2015). It is therefore, critical to develop the proper controls that are essential in instituting the specific models and changing the main traits and models indicated. The drug helps in ensuring that the patient does not suffer continuously from conditions that can easily be overcome with proper medication in the body. Prelief medication or an anti-acid is also one of the methods that is used… Continue Reading...

Ethics and the Marketing Environment

ethical circumstances when selling a product which has known, negative effects. Of course, cigarettes and prescription drugs carry warnings but these warnings are often counterbalanced by the attractive image of the product. While savvy consumers may feel that they have the necessary cognitive tools to filter out advertising puffery and exaggeration, they may overestimate their ability to do so and many advertisements have a subliminal effect upon a viewer. Furthermore, in today’s age of Internet marketing, quite often an advertisement will appear to be a piece of objective or informative content, such as a review by a blogger of… Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

undesirable or deviant behaviors like downloading movies illegally or using drugs, as respondents might not answer questions truthfully if unsure of anonymity. Moreover, anonymity ensures participants are safeguarded from authorities like law enforcement agencies who might be interested in their identification and tracking at some later date (Bhattacherjee, 2012). Disclosure. Research scholars are normally obliged to offer potential participants some information pertaining to the research (e.g., information on study purpose, research scholars, expected outcomes, parties with the potential to derive benefits from study outcomes, etc.) prior to the data acquisition stage, for helping them decide on whether to continue… Continue Reading...

Political Ideology Libertarianism

with regard to whether or not to terminate a pregnancy, whether or not a person wishes to use drugs, or who a person wants to marry. The difference between libertarians and liberals, or Democrats, is that the latter supports a strong central government whereas the Libertarian Party is categorically opposed not just to government interference in personal lives but also opposed to federal taxes and other boated “big government” structures and institutions (Libertarian Party, 2018). The Republican Party seemed at one point to be veering towards libertarianism in its rhetoric against big government, but has turned towards social conservatism.… Continue Reading...

Physiology Of Extraversion and Introversion Physiology

introversion or extraversion are rooted in biology, then it would also make sense why some people react to drugs and alcohol differently than their peers. The problem is that reactions to drugs and alcohol is also based on other variables, like the setting in which the substances were taken, the person’s pre-existing emotional state, diet, and other factors. Introverts are usually considered shy, withdrawn, and either anxious about or uninterested in social situations. Research shows why that might be the case: introverts have been shown to be more physiologically aroused than extraverts, which would naturally lead to feelings of… Continue Reading...

Asthma Treatment Options

treatment options for inhaled corticosteroids are fluticasone, budesonide, and flunisolide (Hess, MacIntyre, Galvin, & Mishoe, 2016). These drugs are more preventative and aimed to treat children. Regarding bronchodilators, they include drugs like formoterol, salmetrol, and theophylline. For short-term and acute symptoms, inhaled short-acting beta 2 agonists can help patients. The drugs in this class are albuterol and levalbuterol. They treat asthma by helping loosen the tight muscle within a person’s airway, which allows for air to flow freely (Davis & Cladis, 2016). For those with severe asthma, corticosteroids work at relieving swelling. The hang up with this treatment option… Continue Reading...

Port Security Customs and Border Protection

CBP also enforces security laws for imports formulated with an objective of preventing illegal drugs, mass destruction weapons and contraband commodities from accessing the U.S.A. The U.S. congress is charged with the duty of defining and authorising the functions of international trade within CBP, allocation of funds for conducting program CBP oversight. The current laws authorising facilitation of trade and enforcing CBP functions are centred on a balance of trade community and CBP relationship with a foundation of reasonable care, informed compliance and shared responsibility (Jones & Rosenblum, 2013). States in the maritime zone are faced with 2 primary… Continue Reading...

Digestive Disorders

approved for IBD—the ‘biologics’ (CDC, 2018). In addition to diet management, IBS is also managed using drugs such as lubiprostone (Amitiza) and alosetron (Lotronex) (Barbara, Cremon, and Stanghellini, 2014). As it has been pointed out elsewhere in this text, the pathophysiology of, as well as treatments for both IBD and IBS could be impacted upon by a wide range of patient factors. To begin with, it is important to note that in most instances most persons are diagnosed with IBD between ages 15 – 35 (Story, 2017). As the author further points out, those in middle adulthood tend to… Continue Reading...

Walmart

Overview Incorporated in 1969, Walmart Inc. is today considered to be the world’s largest retailer. As the company points out on its website, its more than 10,000 stores spread across the world welcome 270 million members as well as customers every week (Walmart, 2018). Currently, the company has more than 2.3 million employees, whom it proudly refers to as associates. In essence, the retailer “operates supercenters, supermarkets, hypermarkets, warehouse clubs, cash and carry stores, discount stores, drugstores, and convenience stores; membership-only warehouse clubs; e-commerce Websites, and mobile commerce and voice-activated commerce applications” (Bloomberg, 2018). Gross Margin and Earnings per Share… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

unknown for the simple fact that so few actually seek treatment, instead attempting to self-medicate through the use of drugs or alcohol (Giordano et al., 2016). Most of these individuals do not have a college degree as they are between the ages of 18-24 when the PTSD develops. Their employment status is also unknown along with their income. Their geographical location is the U.S. and their combat experience is in the Middle East. Healthcare Needs The healthcare needs of this population include a need for therapy and pharmacological intervention. They can suffer from depression, isolation, withdrawal, anti-social behavior, substance… Continue Reading...

Unhealthy Behavior Drinking Inadequate Water

contain a number of harmful pollutants, including chlorine, heavy metals, disinfection byproducts and pharmaceutical drugs. (McLennan, 2000) Federal scientists recently studied water samples from 25 municipalities in the US. They found a third of the samples to be contaminated with 18 substances, including per-fluorinated compounds such as PFOA.This tells us to ever be careful on what type of water we drink. (Simpson, & Mazzeo 2017) Bottled water may seem the next convenient option after tap water, but this also has a number of disadvantages. The plastic water bottles may directly expose you to industrial chemicals such as phthalates, bisphenol-A… Continue Reading...

Social Norms Conflict and Its Impact on Schooling

developments, he was forced to change the strategy to achieve his dreams (Quinonez 48). He started doing drugs. The methods that the education officials have tried to use in the Spanish Harlem are part of the reason why the Spanish Harlem has lagged behind in its educational pursuits. It has been noted that even the methods used to handle the children have shown inconsistencies between the races. The children have consequently been place on a path to acquiring some negative traits. Chino observes that teachers of white origin in his elementary class comment negatively about the students of black… Continue Reading...

Cardiovascular Disorders Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Processes

in the recent past. She has been prescribed with several drugs, namely: 1. Atenolol 12.5 mg daily. Being a beta blocker, this drug impacts the patient’s circulation and heart. Administered orally, its rate of absorption is rapid and at between 100mg and the maximum dosage, systolic pressure reduction could be achieved in less than one hour. In essence, a dose of 200 mg is the maximum allowable dose in a day. This, therefore, effectively means that our patient’s dose is largely minimized. 2. Doxazosin 8 mg daily. In this case, the patient has been prescribed with the maximum dosage… Continue Reading...

Do Not Resuscitate Orders

health care providers, and · WILL NOT administer chest compressions, insert an artificial airway, administer resuscitative drugs, defibrillate or cardiovert, provide respiratory assistance (other than suctioning the airway and administering oxygen), initiate resuscitative IV, or initiate cardiac monitoring. Implementing this policy at the national level, moreover, allows patients and potential patients to review these policies and protocols prior to ever being admitted to a hospital, no matter where they are in the country. The use of an electronic health record (EHR) management system database would, furthermore, allow all patients to state their desires for resuscitation up front and ahead of time.… Continue Reading...

Homeostasis Its Effect on the Critically Ill

ill. Stress hormones are responsible for inducing hyperglycemia. The stress hormones include glucagon, growth hormone, and cortisol etc. Hyperglycemia drugs are known to worsen the release of stress hormone. Resistance to macronutrients, insulin, glycogenolysis, and gluconeogenesis causes hyperglycemia (Ingels, Vanhorebeek & Van, 2018). Hyperglycemic response has been explained as the adaptation process that occurs automatically to help the critically ill to survive. Hyperglycemia will often cause negative outcomes no matter the level of persistent and pronounced it is. Hyperglycemia is also identified as a sure predictor of mortality in hospitals (Ingels, Vanhorebeek & Van, 2018). Dysfunction of the immune… Continue Reading...

Policy Of Choice Patient Safety

groups influence the policy that will be enacted. The war against drugs has largely influenced the way drug addicts are handled by the justice system. · Windows: In this stage there is convergence of all the other streams for a common public policy. The public policy on drug abuse as highlighted by Nova Recovery Center (2016) has defined the way drug abuse victims are handled by the justice system. In my view a repeat offender is someone who requires more of medical attention than incarceration. Convicted drug offenders should receive professional psychological therapy and medical treatment. The overcrowding and… Continue Reading...

Parkinson's Disease

of interventions, including medications such as dopamine promoters, antidepressants, anti-tremor drugs and cognition-enhancing medication. Self-care practices are also commonly used as a treatment, such as the use of a physical exercise program. Specialist medicine is also an option with neurologists and primary care providers offering suggestions determined on a case-by-case basis and the particular issues and symptoms that appear for each patient. As not every patient responds the same way to treatment and some may be impacted by correlating symptoms such as depression and anxiety while others may not be impacted by them, care providers have to assess patients… Continue Reading...

Using Drugs to Treat Hepatitis C

solution and is available in several strengths. It’s used in combination with other drugs” (Healthline, 2018). Brand names for Ribavirin are: Copegus, Moderiba, Rebetol, Ribasphere, and Ribasphere RibaPak. However, there are side effects that have to be watched for. These include nausea and vomiting, changes in taste, memory loss, difficulty concentrating and sleeping, as well as muscle ache. Ribavirin can also cause birth defects, from both men and women, if they are using this drug when they conceive or while pregnant. At the same time, the nurse should also look at the drugs the patient HL is currently taking.… Continue Reading...

Illegal Immigration Essay

a necessary feature of any nation as it helps to keep illegal drugs and arms from entering the country, and it helps to keep immigrants from illegally seeking entry. Immigration Costs What is the cost of immigration?  To what extent are taxpayers on the hook for illegal immigration?  These figures are not well known and some of them are disputed—so it depends on what sources you use and which side you are arguing.  Even regular Americans are divided on this point:  “When respondents were asked specifically about jobs created and lost because of immigration, one poll found that 51… Continue Reading...

How Modern Medicine Was Developed

There are people who still practice Galenism and they only use drugs and medicines that are derived from vegetable or animals. Treatment for diseases was aimed at readjusting the perceived imbalances of the humors. Siphoning off a humor that was believed to have overgrown or has been corrupted. Other methods used were bleeding, vomiting, or purging. Physicians were never worried about a loose stool or diarrhea. They believed that this was the body's own way of cleansing its system and there was no need for worry or concern. If the cleansing was not discharged, it could lead to some… Continue Reading...

Hannah Hoch

to the world. Goebbels defined it as—“sin, vice and corruption.” Berber was the original poster girl of the sex, drugs and rock-n-roll lifestyle (pre-rock-n-roll). For example, while the idea of the “new woman” aka the Neu Frau was popping up in the Weimar Republic—a concept which made the new woman into something androgynous and equal to men, socially speaking—Hoch set out to mock the idea and deconstruct it while also asserting her own feminism. She embraced the type of “punk rock” spirit of Berber—unleashing on the modern century with everything inside of her. Instead of doing it through dance… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration War on Drugs

the Key,” https://www.thesunmagazine.org/issues/422/throwing-away-the-key] After investigating the sinister connection between the War on drugs and racial disparities in the criminal justice system, Alexander started to focus more firmly on mass incarceration. The title The New Jim Crow refers to the fact that the War on drugs is a racist response to the Civil Rights movement just as the original Jim Crow was a direct response to emancipation. Rhetoric related to the War on drugs presented a narrative that drove fears deep within the mind of the American public: centering on inner city urban ghettos filled with African Americans using and selling… Continue Reading...

Cancer Women’s and Men’s Health

form of treatment available is chemotherapy. In this case, drugs are utilized to kill or slow down the growth and spread of cancer cells. Lastly, there is targeted therapy treatment. This takes into account the use of drugs that can kill cancer cells but at the same time ensure that healthy cells are spared. A fitting example is Avastin, which is purposed at targeting the proteins that aid in the formation of new blood vessels. Subsequently, this can decelerate the growth of the tumor in cervical cancer that has advanced owing to the reason that tumors necessitate new blood… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

or unsafe, unsanitary living conditions. Some of the individuals self-medicate with drugs or alcohol, and others suffer grave psychological and physical illnesses due to their circumstances. Many do not cope well, while others seem to have a sense of humor and hope that transcends their suffering. Because of the stressors associated with asking family members or friends for support—and because those traditional means of social support are often unavailable—some of the people turn to strangers and other “disposable ties,” (Desmond 163). Networking with disposable ties prevents the erosion of pride and family ties, but prevents the self-reliance, self-efficacy, and… Continue Reading...

United States Gun Control Pros Cons

problem of gun violence. Just as the government has the right to control drugs in the name of public safety without infringing on the right of patients to acquire medications they need, the government also possesses the right—and the responsibility—to protect the public from unnecessary harm related to firearms. The vast majority—75%--of mass shootings were perpetrated by people with legal firearms, a statistic that does indicate that restricting access to gun ownership would in fact help reduce the number of fatalities in mass shootings (“10 Advantages and Disadvantages of Gun Control,” n.d.). Extensive empirical research also points to the… Continue Reading...

Health Care and Transparency Issues

warranted, what with the opioid epidemic washing across the U.S. drugs like fentanyl, which are manufactured by Big Pharma and then promoted by doctors for patient use, are highly addicted—some 40x more powerful than heroin. Instead of patients simply accepting the recommendation of doctors on what drugs to take, they should be given a transparency report that describes the care providers’ interactions with the pharmaceutical industry and what kind of incentives doctors are being given to promote these highly addictive drugs. This would bring about tremendous change in the healthcare industry. Critical Issues Issues that are critical to healthcare… Continue Reading...

Fragmentation in the Health Care System

looking for a solution to his fatigue, be prescribed myriad drugs and have none of them work because doctors are only focused on selling prescriptions rather than in providing actual preventive medicine (Strange, 2009). Patients need to be viewed as people first, not as a potential source of profit. The health care industry also needs to engage in preventive care and treatments have to stop being subsidized, because that subsidization corrupts the system and causes it to fragment. People want to be able to trust their doctors, but if doctors are overdiagnosing instead of explaining the reality of the… Continue Reading...

Using a Poster to Reduce Medication Errors

Identifying Effective Strategies to Reduce Medication Errors Introduction Nurses are responsible for the largest percentage of medication errors. Medication errors adversely affect more than 7 million patients, cost almost $21 billion and result in excess of one million emergency room visits and 3.5 million additional visits to doctors’ offices each year (Stoppler & Marks, 2018). Research Question Problem: Medication errors remain the leading cause of adverse incidents for inpatients in the United States. Intervention: Develop and disseminate an attractive and informative poster that underscores the severity of the problem and its causes, and provides nursing staff with the mnemonic five… Continue Reading...

Direct to Consumer Marketing

to know what these factors are—the pharmaceutical industry that promotes its drugs on TV is not. True, these commercials typically end with the recommendation that patient ask his or her doctor about a particular drug to see if it is right for them—but the marketing effect is happening nonetheless: it is putting into the mind of the public the idea that these drugs exist, that they work, that they are helpful for people, and that if one’s physician is not recommending them or writing a prescription for them then that physician probably does not know what he is talking… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Challenges in the United States

of obesity cases being reported. Lifestyles can also refer to the usage of alcohol and other drugs that might be influenced by the company one keeps. This has a direct effect on a person's health. If one does not take care of what they eat or drink then they are likely to affect their bodily function and this will result in their health been impacted negatively. Higher income households have been linked to better health. This is because they might have private insurance and they understand the need for taking care of their bodies. They also have healthy eating… Continue Reading...

Pay for Performance

to to address issues such as increasing drug review efficiency, high prices for drugs, pursue digital health technology, innovate medical devices, and clearing the orphan drug request backlog. What does the future hold for pay-for-performance? Federal Government agencies have lately devised better systems of pay-for-performance by emphasizing on performance and not tenure. It is evident that any agency wishing to implement a successful pay-for-performance system must invest money, time and effort in the conception and implementation stage. (Barello et.al 2012) A fair system is that which includes a thorough performance evaluation and effective supervisors who can do the implementation.… Continue Reading...

The Use Of the Lean Method

especially pertaining to lower skilled nurses. Page 2 Senior health policy makers can and should remove the free market pricing model. drugs and medical services within the United States can be marked up to the point where insurances and out-of-pocket patients pay thousands of dollars for something potentially worth 1-10% of the determined value. For example, anti-cancer drugs can be very expensive. Companies like Bristol-Myers Squibb would set the price of their Yervoy course of therapy at $120,000 (Howard, Bach, Berndt, & Conti, 2015). The government has done little to protect patients and hospitals from these inflated prices. In fact, government-mandated… Continue Reading...

The Challenge Of Doctors Without Borders

support from the trade agreement that would allow Big Pharma to internationally control the prices of drugs (and thereby control the extent to which health care could be provided to indigent populations), the leaders of Doctors without Borders became more and more vocal, conducting interviews, publishing information on their own and even writing directly to the U.S. President himself (Bernish). As Gordon notes, the group “accused the US government of inserting provisions into the TPP that would interfere with the low-cost delivery of malaria and hiv/aids medicines to developing nations” (Gordon 20). And then on October 3rd, 2015, U.S. forces bombed… Continue Reading...

Company Strategy Merck Versus Pfizer

firm strategy? Despite the tremendous profits garnered by large pharmaceutical companies for so-called blockbuster drugs, pharmaceutical companies must make huge investments in R&D to produce profitable medications. The vast majority of drugs which are developed and tested never go to market. Additionally, once companies produce valuable drugs, they have a limited window on which to capitalize upon a drug’s profitability before its compounds can be sold in the form of a much cheaper generic. The FDA shortened the patient life of drugs from 11-12 years from 17-20, thus vastly reducing the financial ability of companies to cash in on valuable… Continue Reading...

Health and Poor Populations

L., Chutuape, K., Walker, B., Monte, D., Kirk, J., ... & Adolescent Medicine Trials Network. (2017). Exchange of sex for drugs or money in adolescents and young adults: an examination of sociodemographic factors, HIV-related risk, and community context. Journal of community health, 42(1), 90-100. Goodman, R. A., Bunnell, R., & Posner, S. F. (2014). What is “community health”? Examining the meaning of an evolving field in public health. Preventive medicine, 67, S58-S61. Guariguata, L., Whiting, D. R., Hambleton, I., Beagley, J., Linnenkamp, U., & Shaw, J. E. (2014). Global estimates of diabetes prevalence for 2013 and projections for 2035. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 103(2), 137-149.… Continue Reading...

A Brief History Of Medicare and Medicaid

the MMA. It was an optional benefit for prescription drugs. The ACA came into place in 2010(Salmond & Echevarria, 2017). The plan enacted the Health Insurance Marketplace. It was a one stop shop for all consumers apply and enroll in private insurance plans across spectrum. States that have expanded Medicaid I hail from the state of Virginia which continues to expand Medicaid so that more people can access it. Terry McAuliffe (D), the former governor, was instrumental in the expansion of Medicaid in Virginia. However, in 2014, June, the legislature failed to include the expansion program in its budget… Continue Reading...

Strategies to Improve Collaboration and Cooperation Between the Homeland Security Agencies

eventual removal of illegals who get involved in illegal activities (Homeland Security, 2018). Border Security Department Border protection from illegal contraband, drugs, people, and weapon movement is paramount to the safety and security of the country (Homeland Security, 2018b). The discipline of lawful travel and trade is fundamental to the sovereignty, economic prosperity, and homeland security. There are 7,000 miles of border distance that America shares with both Mexico and Canada. There are also coastal waters, lakes and rivers shared among the three countries (Homeland Security, 2018b). Borders are fundamental economic gateways into a country. Borders are responsible for the dollar… Continue Reading...

Diet Exercise and Osteoporosis

a) exercising, b) altering our diet, c) abstaining from smoking, alcohol and drugs. Let’s look at a few of these. Exercising helps to reduce the risk of osteoporosis because a strong body supports bone maintenance (Ferrara, 2016). An individual who is overweight should focus on starting up an exercise regimen to help bring the weight down. Too much weight on one’s bone structure makes the bones weaker overall by putting them in a constant state of tension. Exercise can also help one to develop better coordination and agility, which can prevent falls (a common problem for people with osteoporosis).… Continue Reading...

History Current Theory and Treatment Of Alzheimer's

or behavioral symptoms of the disease and not its biological root causes (National Institute on Aging, 2018). Several drugs can target either the tau protein or the beta amyloid to help reduce the structural degeneration that occurs in the brain, yet none of these drugs have been proven effective (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). Emerging pharmaceutical interventions also include drugs that help reduce inflammation in the brain, or drugs that help regulate the immune system response to prevent or slow the progress of the disease. For example, a drug called Sargramostin is currently being tested for its ability to stimulate the… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of Trauma on the Brain

to know that one’s trauma does not need to be treated with drugs or therapy. Physical exercise is really what the animal brain is yearning for—because it is associated with our primal need to sweat, to work, to use up our kinetic energy. Once we do that, we can feel our stress disappear and get back to a healthier lifestyle. References Rigg, J. (2017). The Effect of Trauma on the Brain and How It Affects Behaviors (Transcript). Retrieved from https://singjupost.com/john-rigg-effect-trauma-brain-affects-behaviors-transcript/ Continue Reading...

How to Treat Anxiety

coming on. Medication treatments are also available, such as anti-anxiety drugs like benzodiazepine and antidepressants. Self-management techniques, stress and relaxation techniques, yoga and exercise are also available options for treating the various forms of anxiety. The goal of these self-directed interventions is to allow the body to have some form of physical outlet via exercise that helps the brain to deal with the stress it is processing in a positive and effective manner. References NAMI. (2017). Anxiety. Retrieved from https://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Anxiety-Disorder Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Poverty

and to good health care. Their communities often suffer from problems of drugs and crime. Young people who grow up in poverty receive poorer education than those who grow up in well-to-do communities. The wealthy top 1% often receive government tax breaks and incentives to help them grow their wealth, while the bottom 99% merely get subsidies for health care. They are permitted to have student loans that are guaranteed by the federal government but they are still required to pay for their education and to pay interest on the loans they take out. They are unjustly disadvantaged because… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Organized Crime

have infiltrated the American society with cocaine, heroin and other drugs of abuse (Spapens, 2015). This has had a significant impact on the way people live their lives. Young people have been enticed into drug addiction hence making their lives miserable. When young people sink into drug use and drug trafficking they become less productive therefore negatively affecting the economy of the community and the entire nation. Organized crime in the City of Chicago has been evolving for many years and organized crime was blamed for the many murders when Al Capone was the alive. Today, street gangs have… Continue Reading...

Multiple Sclerosis

by immune system cells for fighting infections. They are injected multiple times weekly. Immune-suppressants/Immune system blockers. Such drugs, when injected to patients, hamper immune system attack on the myelin sheath. Corticosteroids. Largely administered to progressive MS patients, these drugs, if used for a prolonged period, have adverse effects. Muscle relaxants. They help treat painful muscle spasms/stiffening which disrupt everyday activities. Moreover, there are medicines for reducing fatigue – a typical MS symptom. Besides medicines, MS patients may benefit from occupational and physical therapy that facilitate adjustment to challenges with everyday activity performance. Lastly, as MS affects patients both physically and… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

“controlled, purposeful, and used to attain a desired external goal (e.g. money, drugs, or power), reactive violence appears to be largely “impulsive and emotion driven in response to a perceived threat or provocation” (221).[footnoteRef:59] This is one of the clearest indications that criminal psychopaths deserve to be removed from the general population as a way of ensuring that societal safety is not compromised. Civil commitment in this case appears to be the best course of action. It should also be noted that criminal psychopaths have been shown to have higher recidivism rates than normal offenders. This is to say… Continue Reading...

Coronary Artery Disease Development

therapy and after surgery. The following medications help treat CAD: · Statins, fibrates and other cholesterol-lowering drugs · Anticoagulants or blood thinners for preventing clot formation · Aspirin, which also functions as a clotting prevention drug · ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors and other blood pressure medications for reducing blood pressure · Calcium channel blockers for reducing blood pressure and relaxing blood vessels · Beta blockers, for reducing blood pressure and slowing heart rate Procedures such as surgery can also treat CAD. Doctors can employ catheters for guiding a minuscule balloon into blocked arteries, followed by inflating the balloon. Inflation serves… Continue Reading...

Health Care Policy Change

change in light of globalization is the pricing of prescription drugs. It is a known fact that the healthcare industry is a booming commercial industry. While commercial interests are important to keep the private sector engaged in healthcare issues oftentimes pharmaceuticals and other medical utilities have been overpriced for economic ends without paying particular attention to affordable global healthcare. Overall the cost of accessing healthcare both in developing and developed economies has become increasingly unaffordable. It is important to have policy interventions that will introduce affordable healthcare insurance in developing countries and affordable prescription drugs for all. The commercialization… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

of wars in the Middle East, or the continuation of the war on drugs, and so on. The government in America is authoritarian in the sense that behind the elected positions is a “deep state” of unelected officials—officials who are appointed, administration after administration to keep the “state” running while the representatives who serve as window dressing for the state are rotated out over 4 to 8 years. In Russia, the situation is the same. Putin is recognized globally as the supreme power in Russia, and yet the Russian state has a system similar to the Western form of… Continue Reading...

Doctors Without Borders and Clean Water Crisis

Furthermore, in 2003, Doctors Without Borders was a key partner in the foundation of drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative, which operates in an endeavor to form medications for illnesses such as tuberculosis and malaria (Doctors Without Borders). The organization has put in place key measures to facilitate swift and effective response to cases of emergency. One measure is the creation of pre-packaged disaster kits, which are usually ready for transport in a matter of hours. In the present moment, these kits are utilized as models by emergency relief establishments worldwide. A second measure is the establishment of supply centers… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

considered a physical and psychological incapability to avoid the consumption of drugs, chemicals, substances, or even taking part in an activity even when doing so causes both physical and psychological harm (Nutt, 2018). The Addiction term is not only applicable when it comes to cocaine and heroin use. Any person who cannot function normally without taking some specific chemical or drug is considered to be substance dependent (Nutt, 2018). The obsession with some activities such as working, eating, and gambling is considered an addiction (Clark & Limbrick-Oldfield, 2013). This type of addiction is commonly referred to as behavioral addiction.… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

frustration, irrationality, depression, overreaction, impatience, defensiveness or restlessness. Other regular symptoms are substance abuse including alcohol, drugs or cigarettes (Okechukwu et al., 2010). In some cases, the person could develop poor memory or decision-making skills. In extreme cases, he/she might develop baseless fears of everyday events such as experiencing sunlight, washing with running water etc. All of these symptoms are due to the mental facility of the person being negatively affected. 5.2 Definition of Supervision Supervision simply means the control or regulation of behavior via laid out guidelines and restrictions (Kadushin & Harkness, 2014). A large number of authors… Continue Reading...

The Cbd Oil Craze

same set of studies has shown that unlike other pain relief drugs, CBD does not lead to tolerance or dependency/addiction (Johnson, 2018).  Muscle Spasms Because one study showed that CBD may reduce the frequency, intensity, and duration or muscle spasms, it may be useful for people who experience these symptoms acutely or chronically. People suffering from chronic muscle conditions like multiple sclerosis (MS) could soon find “modest,” albeit meaningful, relief in CBD products (Johnson, 2018). As with arthritis, MS may be more responsive to products that contain a combination of CBD and THC. One brand name pharmaceutical called Sativex… Continue Reading...

Economic Disadvantages and Respiratory Issues

regions: interventions, surveillance and partnerships (Florida Health, 2019). Communication Plan Prescriptive drug therapies: Also referred to as maintenance drugs, they are generally consumed daily on a long-term basis in order to control chronic asthma. These drugs might be used occasionally if your kid’s symptoms of asthma worsen in specific times of the year. There are different kinds of long-term control drugs. They include: · Inhaled corticosteroids: These anti-inflammatory drugs are most common long-term asthma control drugs. They include Flovent HFA (fluticasone), Pulmicort (budesonide), Qvar (beclomethasone), Alvesco (ciclesonide) and Asmanex HFA (mometasone). · Leukotriene modifiers: They include Singulair (montelukast), Accolate (zafirlukast) and… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Nurses on Health Care Policy

health care service delivery are highly-regulated, to say nothing of drugs and medical equipment. Each individual regulation can affect the nursing profession, and overall the amount of regulation, its tone, and the degree to which it is enforced will all play a role in how nurses do their jobs, and whether or not they will gain satisfaction in their roles. The legislative process and lobbies Healthcare is the single largest lobbying sector, and accounts for at least 15% of all lobbying activity (Landers & Sehgal, 2004). Some of this lobbying is more along the lines of getting funding for… Continue Reading...

Upper Respiratory Infection

dry out the nose. When taking antihistamines, one should avoid driving or performing complex tasks since the drugs do cause drowsiness. While there are non-drowsy alternatives, they might not be as effective as the other antihistamines when it comes to relieving the symptoms. Decongestants can be used to relieve a clogged, stuffy nose. One should try an oral decongestant like pseudoephedrine. However, there is a likelihood of nervousness, insomnia, and irritability occurring when taking decongestants. If you have uncontrolled high blood pressure or pregnant, you should avoid pseudoephedrine products. Nasal steroids are used for the relief of a runny… Continue Reading...

Upsa Members and Ltc Choices

Some of the provided services include pain control using drugs, and other symptom management plans including speech therapy, occupational, and physical therapy, medical, equipment, and medical supplies social services, dietary counseling and other types of counseling, bereavement services, and sustained homecare services during times of need (MedicineNet, 2018). The objective of hospice care is not to cure terminal illnesses although the program may entail treating conditions that are potentially curable like bladder infections and pneumonia with some transitory stay at the hospital where necessary (MedicineNet, 2018). Hospice programs provide respite care personnel. The respite care personnel are trained volunteers… Continue Reading...

Acute Gastritis

but they are not limited to, “ingestion of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), alcohol, salicylates, steroids, caustic ingestion (acids, alkalis, or food with excessive seasoning), or indigestion of infected foods” (163). As ENA further points out, other causes could in this case be inclusive of viral or bacterial infections, tobacco, or emotional/physical stress. It is important to note that one of the key culprits as far as bacterial infections are concerned is H. pylori. According to LeMone, Burke, Dwyer, Levett-Jones, Moxham, and Reid-Seari (2015), “manifestations of acute gastritis may range from asymptomatic to mild heartburn to severe gastric distress, vomiting… Continue Reading...

Effectiveness Of a Gsk Acquisition Of Sirtris

the venture was not merely to purchase access to major new drugs that would prove lucrative adds to the portfolio, but to acquire a culture—a radically new model of business strategy, organization, and leadership. (b) Contrary to the hierarchical GSK organizational structure and its traditional culture, Siritris exhibited a more visionary, unique approach characterized by “entrepreneurial dynamism,” exactly what fostered the firm’s innovativeness (Stuart & Weber, 2009, p. 1). Siritris offered a radically new approach to drug discovery that GSK recognized as adding value to the organization through a fundamental reform of its research and development processes. (c) The… Continue Reading...

Elon Musk's Moral Muteness

over the following days and weeks a sordid story emerged in which drugs, a desire to “burn the shorts,” and serious SEC violations all played a part in the narrative. After facing immense pressure to prove his statement about funding, Musk retreated with a great deal of egg on his face and announced that Tesla would remain private. Share prices collapsed. As respected short-seller Jim Chanos pointed out, it was a corporate governance disaster and Musk was to blame. His leadership was taking Tesla into the gutter (Decambre, 2018). Because Musk is such a good example of what not… Continue Reading...

The Diagnostic Criteria and Treatments for Ptsd

to some underlying medical condition or are side-effects of some medication or drugs the person is taking. Recent research also suggests that differential diagnosis should emphasize the presence of flashbacks as a unique feature of PTSD, as flashbacks are not present in those with other clinical conditions with similar symptoms (Sachser & Goldbeck, 2016). Because PTSD symptoms do overlap or concur with the symptoms of other psychiatric disorders including substance abuse disorder and some anxiety and depressive disorders, many people with PTSD also receive comorbid diagnoses. The symptoms of PTSD can be managed via evidence-based treatment interventions. Psychotherapy and… Continue Reading...

Qi Gong Religion and China

the heart and mind (Szonyi 317). Previously, medicine practitioners only provided the treatment of drugs but the movement of Qi Gong taught about the connection between the three fundamentals. It has taught that the three can be harnessed to facilitate the functioning of each other for better curing effect to take place. The spirituality of Qi Gong helps in treating the spirit, mind, and heart. It provides a connecting and cohesion between the three to enable people to be better at shunning evil desires. In so doing, Qi Gong assists the spirit to be stronger and not depart. The… Continue Reading...

Medication Error Disclosure Ethics and Legalities

(2002) point out that there is need to “limit each prescription to one medication, since multiple drugs overlap and confuse the pharmacist” (28). Further, according to the authors, there is a need to ensure that the directions provided are specific and clear. Towards this end, ‘prn’ as well as ‘take as directed’ often lead to errors. Technology could also be used in an attempt to minimize medication errors. Pollock, Bazaldua, and Dobbie (2007) point out that the utilization of “electronic prescribing programs” is strongly advised in this endeavor. References Cohen, M.R. (Ed.). (2007). Medication Errors (2nd ed.). Washington, DC:… Continue Reading...

Opioid Crisis in the United States

Discussion What are opioids and what are the different types? Simply stated, opioids are a class of drugs which includes both illicit and prescription preparations. Illicit opioids include drugs such as synthetic opioids (i.e., fentanyl) and heroin while legitimate prescription opioids include various types of commonly used analgesics such as codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, among numerous others (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2019).  What caused crisis? Beginning in the late 1990s, there was growing support among both regulatory boards and the health care community concerning the value of prescribing strong opioids for chronically painful musculoskeletal conditions (Roth & Burgess,… Continue Reading...

Bipolar Disorder

some mood disorders such as depression may be treated with a combination of drugs and therapy, or with therapy alone, in almost all instances, some form of drug treatment is used to stabilize the patient’s moods, even if therapy is also used in conjunction. According to Geddes & Miklowitz (2013), the major breakthrough in treating bipolar disorder with pharmacology occurred in the 1970s with the use of lithium and chlorpromazine. Anti-epileptics such as valproate and carbamazepine were commonly used in in the 1980s and 1990s as a way of stabilizing mood (Geddes & Miklowitz, 2013). While these pharmacological approaches… Continue Reading...

Influence Of Child Abuse in Adulthood

childhood experiences also contribute to increased dependence and abuse of drugs. Initiation to drug-taking starts earlier among those with childhood trauma. Being exposed to stressful situations early in life could also increase the effect of stressful situations all through life. Include unemployment or divorce to trauma in childhood and an individual is more likely to develop an addiction or psychological disorder. The connection between vulnerability to addiction and childhood trauma is best understood when one understands how experiences affect development of the brain. Even though the value of genetics and biology in brain development cannot be denied, the brain… Continue Reading...

Big Data in Criminology and Law Enforcement

Research Institute (UNICRI) International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS). Finally, the United Nations Office on drugs and Crime (UNODC) operates the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS). The UCR and the UN-CTS are similar in that they track reported crimes. Tracking reported crimes requires an established, clear definition of each crime. It also requires that all participating law enforcement agencies use the same definitions for those crimes and report instances of those crimes in the same way. Because law enforcement agencies have a large degree of discretion when it comes to reporting… Continue Reading...

Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized

today’s day and age (Nelson, Juurlink, Perrone). People looking for a little relief are chasing after dangerous drugs that can kill. Marijuana, however, has never really been associated with overdosing and death. Just as the early Americans found, cannabis has the ability to take away the pain and give a little peace of mind—and for that reason, legalizing weed is something all good Americans should support. Famous Presidents Smoked It According to Deitch, many of America’s first U.S. presidents smoked weed and valued cannabis for its calming and pain-killing effects. This list of presidents includes Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe,… Continue Reading...