Ethical Issues Essays


Hipaa Ethics

accountability act: what is HIPAA? Retrieved from http://www.dhcs.ca.gov/formsandpubs/laws/hipaa/Pages/1.00WhatisHIPAA.aspx Chapter 3. (n.d.). Legal and ethical issues in medical practice, including HIPAA. Retrieved from highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/007294577x/138260/Chapter03.pdf Medical Assistant Certification. (n.d.). Additional medical codes of ethics. Retrieved from http://www.medicalassistantcertification.org/medical-ethics/ Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

assumed a graduate student role using qualitative research strategies. Identify any ethical issues that could or did arise during the data collection processes (i.e., these could include doing a study within one's own work environment, conflict of interest, or power differentials). Qualitative social science researchers are faced with some novel ethical issues that are not always shared by their quantitative counterparts. For instance, Harper and Thompson (2012) report that, "Confidentiality, privacy, informed consent, harm and power are particularly complex because of the interaction between participant and researcher, [and] the way qualitative interviews can cover unanticipated ground" (p. 237). Therefore, all… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics

Abstract This paper will analyze a particular case scenario and address the ethical issues presented for both the employee and the organization. A resolution to the issue will be proposed, which can help prevent similar future ethical scenarios. Case Background Cindy has been employed with TA (Total Associates), a downtown city management consultancy company, for the past three years. She aspires to enroll in a graduate business institution a year from now, and has begun the application formalities already. According to her workplace's policy, personnel who work after regular office hours can arrange for their dinner… Continue Reading...

Apple Investment and Financial Analysis

of conduct. Despite the company ethical standards, Apple has still faced some ethical issues that have affected the company's reputations. For example, some iPhone users have lodged a complaint that their iPhones collect the user locations, which has been identified as an infringement on consumer's privacy. Although, Apple announced that users can disable this feature, nevertheless, some phones still collect user location information after the feature has been disabled. Analysis of Apple Income statements and Balance Sheets and Microsoft Apple operates in highly competitive business environments, and the top competitors are Samsung, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard, Dell, and Nokia. The study selects… Continue Reading...

Role Of the Fda with Prescription Drugs

it is there for a very good reason. The ethical issues involved will be touched upon and analyzed. There will also be an exploration and analysis of direct-to-consumer marketing of drugs, whether John is the "investor" of AD23, the arguments about John being a whistleblower and the associated protections he would have if he is and examples of intellectual property theft that have occurred in the last two years or so. While bad things do incidentally happen and crop up when it comes to drugs marketed to the public, there is a clear line between events like this that… Continue Reading...

Modern Problems in Nigeria

results. This study and its results could mitigate the effectiveness of this organization in carrying out terrorism opportunities. ethical issues The primary ethical issues that should be considered in this case study analysis pertain to privacy. Monitoring the communication of individuals involved with Boko Haram or associated with them could potentially compromise the privacy of ordinary citizens in Nigeria. It might be difficult to determine who is part of the organization or not, and this sort of pervasive monitoring could impact the privacy of those not involved with this organization. MEETING THE NEEDS OF THE STUDY Cooperation from the Nigerian… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

knowing themselves, and where they stand with regard to the religious, existential, and ethical issues that he broached in his works (Malik, 1997). Although the philosopher has presented a majority of his works indirectly, under a number of false names, a few have been published under his real name. Such works may be categorized into the genres of edifying discourses, deliberations, and reviews. Through indirect communication, he aims at positioning his readers to connect to the truth with enough enthusiasm, instead of communicating it as such. References BERTMA, MARTIN A. (1990). KIERKEGAARD and/or PHILOSOPHY. History of European Ideas, Vol.… Continue Reading...

Recycling Research Proposal

Economical and ethical issues in Recycling Economic Issues There is a general agreement that the U.S. should be undertaking more recycling, with only 34.3% of current waste recycled. The rate is increasing, and while there have been legislative moves, it may be argued that the ethical awareness and economic factors have had a greater impact. The research proposal argues that the dualistic approach to recycling seen in the anthropocentric model can be used to show how and why the take up has been restrained,… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

prenatal genetic testing has a low false-positive rate, but may create legal, social, and ethical issues as its use expands. "The number of women using NIPT is anticipated to expand, and the number of conditions being tested for will continue to increase as well, raising concerns about the routinization of testing and negative impacts on informed decision-making" (Minear, Alessi, Allyse, Michie, & Chandrasekharan, 2015, p. 369). Evidence: Public opinion on genetic testing has leaned towards positive in the last few years, however, worry still remains when it comes to inequity. "...results suggest that in 8 years, expectations of benefits… Continue Reading...

Technology Adoption in a Call Center Enterprise

to be reconfigured to suit the system. Handling Ethical Challenges Call centers have been studied widely. There are ethical issues to address when looking at monitoring of electronic performance. A dilemma arises: "Is a call center manager monitoring an employee's performance using electronic performance monitoring data collected on the employee ethical?" Using Kantian, virtue, covenantal and utilitarian ethical theories, an ethical decision model can be used to evaluate the dilemma (Perkins, 2013). A call center is made of both human and technological resources that help in delivering services over the phone. Managers looking to raise the productivity of their call centers… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

hierarchy: the push toward innovative products, the use of new materials, or new design criteria (" ethical issues in Engineering Design," n.d.). The ethical standards might be ambiguous. The principle of "acceptable risk" is of particular interest to the engineer, who understands that a certain degree of risk may be embedded into the decision-making process (Habli, Kelly, Macnish, et al., 2015). In each situation, the engineer can assess the design's impact on public safety and is morally obliged to work with colleagues to improve the safety of their designs and products. When a level of acceptable risk has been agreed… Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

consequences of total domination of the human mind remain to be seen. Works Cited Casaregola, Vincent. "Who "Screens" Security?" In ethical issues and Citizen Rights in the Era of Digital Government Surveillance. Cropf, Robert (Ed.) IGI Global. Dinev, Tamara, Parul Hart, and Michael Mullen. "Internet privacy concerns and beliefs about government surveillance -- An empirical investigation." The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, Vol. 17, No. 3, Sept 2008, pp. 214-233. Holmes, Marcia. "The "Brainwashing" Dilemma." History Workshop Journal, Vol 81, No. 1, 2016, pp. 285-293. Russo, Anthony and Russo, Joe. Captain America: Civil War. Film, 2016. Slogobin, Christopher. Privacy at Risk.… Continue Reading...

Importing Textiles from China

working conditions in factories overseas can be at a standard that creates controversy, and ethical issues, at home. A compliance offer who is either in China or can travel there is important for ensuring that the client's ethical standards are maintained by the Chinese supplier (Chinaimportal, 2015). The first issue is to determine where one can buy textiles from China. In fact, the client should not be so myopic as to insist on sourcing from any one country -- if the textile is a commodity, the bidding should be open to any country. But if China is the choice,… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

none of the clients were audit clients. What are the ethical issues involved in engaging in such transactions? Were any of the AICPA rules of conduct violated? Explain. Assuming none of the clients were audit clients, one of the ethical issues involved in engaging in such transactions is confidentiality. Regardless of whether they were audit clients or not, both William Borchard and Gregory Raben were in violation of confidentiality, which is a neglect of their duties. This particular information is purposed to be kept strictly confidential and not disclosed to parties not relevant to the transactions. Another ethical issue… Continue Reading...

Information Technology Goes on and on

fraud because the latter can prepare the company for future fraud attempts. (b) The ethical issues are that the company is actually hiring a criminal. Moreover, he is one who was fairly notorious for engaging in the fraudulent behavior the company wants to limit. UNIT 7 DISCUSSION Topic 1: Information Security Managers should make information security a prime concern because of the increasing prevalence of security breaches in IT. Additionally, data assets are invaluable to most companies and require protection as such. Why should managers make information security a prime concern Topic 2: SCADA Why are federal authorities so worried… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

used to detect whether the participants correctly said the character name.        ethical issues: Students will be told that this is a study for determine whether effort, measured by the time spent on an exercise, will improve recall. The participants are asked if they want to leave or not. They will also be ensured that the results of their test will be destroyed and that their names are not associated with their pre-test or post-test. How Findings Will be Summarized The dependent variable will be the post-test results. The results of the post-tests will be aggregated for each experimental… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

issues with using these types of quantitative analyses including ethical issues, and issues related to research design like validity and reliability. For example, the study is quasi-experimental and uses retrospective data and is not testing an intervention. Testing an intervention related to counterterrorism can be ethically problematic because the goal is to eliminate terror and there cannot be a control group that does not receive an intervention that could foreseeably eliminate terror without raising ethical concerns. The research design is not truly experimental, then, making it difficult to make accurate predictions. Still, the predictions made can be useful for… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Revenues and Ridership Levels at Wmata

set forth at Appendix A. Although there are no specific ethical issues involved in the data collection process, it will be essential to obtain the cooperation of the Metro management in order to obtain the requisite ridership data needed for the evaluation of the effectiveness of each safety-related initiative. It is expected that the validity of the collected data will be sound but the findings that emerge from the proposed study may not be replicable given the unique focus of the research. This unique focus will also limit the generalizability of the findings that result from this methodology. References Anderson,… Continue Reading...

Apa Code Of Conduct and Watsons Little Albert Experiment

Watson and Raynor's experiment on Albert did not take these ethical issues into consideration -- and neither did they proceed in a truly scientific manner, on top of that. References APA Code of Conduct. (2016). APA. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/ Powell, R., Digdon, N., Harris, B., Smithson, C. (2014). Correcting the record on Watson, Rayner, and Little Albert: Albert Barger as "Psychology's lost boy". American Psychologist, 69(6): 600-611. Vollmann, J., Winau, R. (1996). Informed consent in human experimentation before the Nuremberg code. BMJ, 313(7070): 1445-1449. Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making Scenario

to their companies and contract renewal process, they would essentially avoid any potential ethical issues or influence on the negotiations. While this view is beneficial with regards to strengthening the good working relationship between Joe and Bill, it undermines the concept of business ethics and probable consequences in this situation. The view does not focus on the interest of all stakeholders in the situation, but is biased towards the working relationship between these two individuals. The failure to consider the interests of the other stakeholders involved in the situation demonstrates the ineffectiveness of such a decision in addressing the… Continue Reading...

Healthy Meals Delivered to Elderly

waste is becoming an increasingly salient issue as food packaging is filling up landfills; while there are also the ethical issues related to the waste of edible materials when so many in this US go hungry. As one industry report states: "Most foodservice operation throw out a massive amount of garbage, most of which could be diverted. 75% of material in today's landfill is recyclable or compostable, while 50-70% of the weight of a foodservice operation's garbage consists of compostable food items. Food packaging makes up most of the remaining weight of the garbage's bins, but account for around… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

culture and what role, and in what way, do you think culture played in the ethical issues at Enron? Enron's culture problems began the top of the company, where pumping up the earnings was the only thing that mattered -- it was the de facto way to boost earnings. If the earnings were not reflective of reality in terms of how much revenue Enron actually brought in, that fact wasn't as important as the faAade of good earnings. Skilling played a key role in this cultural orientation because he insisted on mark-to-market accounting, which showed that the company was… Continue Reading...

Sexual Harassment in a Workplace Organization

another. The behavior was ethically questionable at best and the incident was in line with ethical issues regarding sexual harassment in the workplace. This paper will describe the incident, define the ethical issues inherent in the incident, and discuss the ethical principles associated with the behavior. I was working in a library when I witnessed a male employee sexually harass a female employee in the library's stacks. He was commenting on her choice of a top and telling her lewdly that he could see part of her anatomy through the top. He was not doing this in a sensitive… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Business Information Systems

ethical issues in the Information Systems Within the Business Environment In the contemporary business environment, information systems have revolutionized the strategy firms employ in doing businesses. Apart from increasing the customer market base, businesses have been able to carry out international businesses without leaving their physical locations. Moreover, advanced information systems have assisted increasing number of businesses to be more competitive both locally and internationally. Despite the benefits derived from the use of information systems, the firm still faces ethical issues in the businesses environment. A… Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

births of children with Tay-Sachs disease (Sutton, 2015), even these types of positive eugenics, though, involve significant ethical issues that remain unanswered. Some of the criticisms that have been leveled against positive eugenics include mere humans risking “playing God” with unknown consequences, the potential to restrict the variability in the human gene pool, a broader definition of disabled individuals and a concomitant increase in discriminatory practices aimed at this expanded pool (Sutton, 2015). In fact, even the existence of eugenics-based information about people can increase the risk of its actually being used at some point in time in ways… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

a few articles and legal suits (Zimmer 2010). The ethical issues that researchers should explore were summarized by Bond et al (2013). The authors highlight the pertinent ethical issues that researchers should bear in mind when researching on social media platforms. The bottom-line is that researching on social media requires prior privacy and security permissions from subjects. Summary New technologies will continue to be used to enhance approaches to investigation of epidemiologic outbreaks. Diagnostic precision and its timeliness have been provided by fast laboratory inventions and discoveries based on these technologies. Evidently, the increased application of electronic health records… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

a research undergoes.  This is followed by an evaluation of ethical issues, principles and standards in social science research based on the various issues researchers experience when conducting social science studies.   The fifth chapter represents the first step in the authors’ focus on the design and structure of research.  In this chapter, the authors explain the various kinds of experiments utilized as research designs for social science studies.  The next chapter examines cross-sectional and quasi-experimental research designs in terms of their varying techniques and applicability in social science research.  Chapter 7 of this book examines the issue of… Continue Reading...

Enron Fraud

shred documents sought by the SEC in an attempt to cover up the crime. ethical issues It must first be understood what constitutes an ethical issue. The decision of whether to commit a crime or not does not constitute an ethical dilemma, at least not in the instance of securities fraud. An ethical dilemma is a decision where there must be negative consequences, yes, but choosing between a legal action and an illegal one is not an ethical dilemma in any meaningful sense (McConnell, 2014). Thus, the decision to commit the fraud itself is no ethical dilemma by the fundamental… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

in Iran. Journal of Reproduction & Infertility, 8(4). King, N. M., & Perrin, J. (2014). ethical issues in stem cell research and therapy. Stem cell research & therapy, 5(4), 85-85. Larijani, B., Zahedi, F., & Malek Afzali, H. (2005). Medical ethics in the Islamic Republic of Iran. [ more sources included in full document ] Continue Reading...

The Ethical Issues Of Criminal Justice

wrongful conviction of inmates and measure needed to alleviate wrongful convictions Impact of relevant political and ethical issues associated with the program evaluation The criminal justice system has many good but also negative consequences. To the extent that there still are wrongful convictions and the policy makers may have to reevaluate the program with an objective of rethinking the loopholes. Zalman (2006) describes the importance of developing what he terms as an innocence movement. The objective is to litigate matters in the best interest of likely exonerates and promote a research and policy agenda that takes care of innocent convicts.… Continue Reading...

Sars and Patient Rights

The key ethical issues raised in the case study involving the SARS research, were that the center for disease control wanted blood samples from individuals who may have come into contact with the index case—i.e., the person who had SARS. If that person was on, say, a flight, the center wanted information from as many people on that flight as possible. The point was not to contact individuals to alert them of any danger, as they would have already passed out of danger… Continue Reading...

Measuring the Effectiveness Of Police Body Cameras

the policy is perceived to be by those who are tasked with carrying it out. Political and ethical issues that might be associated with the measure used in this study could be substantial. As body cameras are typically viewed by the public as a solution to undue force used by police against citizens, this study’s measure of officers’ perceptions could risk upsetting a delicate balance achieved by the local government in terms of how it seeks to pacify community complaints and watchdog groups concerned with issues like police civility, police brutality, and police accountability (Sousa, Miethe & Sakiyama, 2015). If… Continue Reading...

Thematic Integration Of Faith, Learning and Business

Company Culture. Retrieved from http://www.successagency.com/growth/2017/01/19/google-company-culture/ Brox, J. (2014, January 16). 6 Questions to Ask Yourself When Confronted With ethical issues. Retrieved from http://www.refreshleadership.com/index.php/2014/01/6-questions-confronted-ethical-issues/ Krakowski, S. (2014, January 3). Why Faith Belongs in Your Workplace. Retrieved from https://www.entrepreneur.com/article/230590 Leone, R. P., Rao, V. R., Keller, K. L., Luo, A. M., McAlister, L., & Srivastava, R. (2006). Linking brand equity to customer equity. Journal of service research, 9(2), 125-138. Lipman, V. (2015, October 15). 11 Questions All Managers Should Ask Themselves. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/victorlipman/2015/10/14/11-questions-all-managers-should-ask-themselves/#6dedf3bb612e Naughton, M., & Specht, D. (2011). Leading wisely in difficult times: Three cases of faith and business. Paulist Press. Neubert, M. J. (2013, October 1). Entrepreneurs… Continue Reading...

Advance Practice Nursing Ethics Disclosure

correcting organizational culture barriers, and the implementation of a set of specific protocols for medication administration. Summary ethical issues Whether or not the patient experienced adverse effects has nothing to do with the ethic of disclosure. Even consequentialist frameworks like utilitarianism can be used to show why disclosure should be normative among advanced practice nurses. A utilitarian ethic promotes the greatest good for the greatest number. A culture of safety by definition promotes the greatest good for the greatest number. Therefore, nurses need to practice disclosure as a matter of course in order to participate in, uphold, and be responsible for… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Of Intellectual Property Rights

to. It should not be mandatory by law, and there are significant ethical issues with utilizing a rights management system to hide any idea that would have a net benefit on humanity if it was to be released free of paywall. If human beings aren't willing to help other human beings for the betterment of all society, those people are behaving unethically by utilitarianism, and probably by deontological ethics as well, in denying superior outcomes to others. b) People absolutely should develop devices and software to remove digital rights restrictions. I do not think that anybody has an ethical… Continue Reading...

Digital Rights Management Ethical Dilemmas

I believe that they fall into the category because there are ethical issues raised when anyone – but especially the poor or otherwise disenfranchised – is denied access to something like knowledge. (I know that example is cherry-picking, but it is also where the greatest ethical dilemma lies). Does this person have the right to access the latest journals on intellectual property ethics, regardless of what Elsevier wishes, if they will take that knowledge and benefit humanity through contributions to the conversation? I say that they do. Creators of Bypass People who create bypass mechanisms clearly fall into category… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

separate months so that a trend is seen across the research period. ethical issues Medical researches often present unique challenges, especially the ethical challenges. There will be caution to ensure that the research is done in line with medical ethics that puts life first. There will be full disclosure of information and consent of the patient sought before enrolling into the research. There will be adherence to the guidelines of the hospital and continuous monitoring to ensure the research does not in any way compromise the health of the participant negatively or the medication process and timing. Limitations of the… Continue Reading...

Physician Assisted Suicide Arguments Both Sides

are in favor of autonomy and the right to die with dignity. Understanding challenging ethical issues from multiple points of view could promote a better life, ensuring that arguments are made with respect and logic rather than emotions. References American Medical Association (2018). Physician-assisted suicide. https://www.ama-assn.org/delivering-care/physician-assisted-suicide Breslow, J.M. (2012). The shadow side of assisted suicide. PBS Frontline. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/the-shadow-side-of-assisted-suicide/ Kamm, F.M. (n.d.). Physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia, and intending death. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9781317795322/chapters/10.4324%2F9781315811369-4 Assignment 2 I have seen how even the smallest, most petty issue can become a verbal battle. Proving who is right becomes more important than the actual issue at stake. This… Continue Reading...

E Cigarettes Ethical and Cultural Issues

states are already ahead of the game with regulations for the products (Cavico, Mujtaba & Samuel, 2014). ethical issues The health sector is in some of confusion regarding the invention of e-cigarettes. While it is not clear how they help to stop traditional tobacco smoking, there is some anecdote of evidence that a good number of smokers have successfully quit smoking as a result of being put in eCigs. Owing to their close association and, indeed, effect to the traditional tobacco cigarettes, they could be a useful tool in reducing and even getting rid of tobacco smoking. The problem is… Continue Reading...

Clean Protein Bars Marketing Plan

to a wide variety of sports with different eating habits and requirements. Social and ethical issues Many foods marketed as health foods are accused of having a so-called false health halo. Foods cannot make unsubstantiated claims about their benefits without someone calling foul, and justifiably so. Even bars with high levels of sugar are often erroneously perceived as healthy by consumers if they are marketed as protein bars, rather than a sweet treat. According to a study by Fernan, Schuldt, & Niederdeppe (2017), consumers perceived a product to be healthier when it was labeled as a good source of protein and this… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

human subjects in a study because of the moral or ethical issues that are likely to arise during the research process. Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching (n.d.) define ethics are standards or norms for distinguishing right and wrong. These standards or norms in turn become the premise for governing people’s decisions, behaviors, and actions.  Over the part few years, ethics has become an important component in research because researchers have a moral responsibility to protect their participants. This mandate has contributed to the development of the concept of experiment ethics, which is applied in situations involving the… Continue Reading...

How to Cite References Properly

more easily than is currently possible. There is also nothing unethical about citation generators. The only ethical issues are with not citing sources properly in the first place. Students ultimately do need to master citations, but if the software makes this job easier, there is no inherent value in learning where to place a comma or when to italicize something. Citation formats are technical issues that have nothing to do with student learning. These are issues that unnecessarily detail-oriented, best kept within the province of the editorial board of academic journals. As long as students give credit where credit is… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Study

of problem-oriented policing using quantitative models and qualitative interviews to combine data types in their study. ethical issues salient to the study were not explicitly identified and thus did not appear to make any impact on the study itself or its directives. However, one ethical principle that appears to be followed in the study is that identified by Llewellyn, Archibald, Clairmont and Crocker (2013): “the inclusion of dignity requires attention and respect for the diversity of ways of being that become clear when one approaches individuals in all their embedded and relational complexity” (p. 299). This ethical principle helps to… Continue Reading...

Corruption Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This case illustrates several ethical issues including those related to social responsibility as well as to business transactions. A food and beverage shop has an ethical obligation to follow rules of food safety. If it is agreed that the rule related to the distance between the building and the trash dumpster is a reasonable one, then our company should comply with these rules even if it poses an inconvenience and requires us to reconfigure our locations. However, it is possible that the government arbitrarily set these distances. It would be in… Continue Reading...

Employee Monitoring and Communication

emergence of Facebook and other social networking sites has created a number of legal and ethical issues for businesses” (p. 98). In the recent past, there have been instances of people being fired because of posts or utterances made on their social media accounts. This is more so the case given that the line between professional life and personal life is increasingly being blurred, thanks to the prevalence of social media. One such instance involved Ashley Payne. Summary of the Case Payne, a high school teacher, was forced to resign from her teaching position after a parent complained of… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

Ethical Issue One of the most important ethical issues in nursing is how to approach end-of-life care. Nurses have a duty to provide compassionate care in ways that respects the individual’s autonomy and dignity. As patients live longer due to advancements in medical care, nurses are increasingly being faced with care options that extend life, versus options that do not extend life but which promote quality of life through a greater acceptance of death. A related issue is physician-assisted suicide. When physician-assisted suicide is legal, nurses may have this option presented… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

Empowerment Series: Ethical Decisions for Social Work Practice. Cengage Learning. Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2016, May). ethical issues surrounding end-of-life care: a narrative review. In Healthcare (Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 24). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. Pettersson, M., Hedström, M., & Höglund, A. T. (2018). Ethical competence in DNR decisions–a qualitative study of Swedish physicians and nurses working in hematology and oncology care. BMC medical ethics, 19(1), 63. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2016, October). Kantian Ethics. Retrieved September 12, 2018, from https://amedicaldilemmasophiescrimgeour.weebly.com/kantian-ethics.html   Continue Reading...

Legal and Ethical Cases in Nursing Assessment

in enabling this incompetent administrator in such an egregious decision needs to also bear liability. References Guido, G. W. (2014). Legal and ethical issues in nursing. Scijinks.gov. (2018, May 16). NOAA SciJinks :: What is a Heat Wave? Retrieved from https://scijinks.gov/heat/   Continue Reading...

Do Not Resuscitate Orders

patient’s wishes should be shown. References Cleveland Clinic. (2018). DNR policy. Retrieved from http://www.clevelandclinic.org/bioethics/policies/dnr.html Karnik, S., & Kanekar, A. (2016). ethical issues surrounding end-of-life care: a narrative review. In Healthcare (Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 24). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. Sen, A. (1983). Evaluator relativity and consequential evaluation. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 113-132. Weissman, D. E. (1999). Do not resuscitate orders: a call for reform. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 2(2), 149-152. Yuen, J. K., Reid, M. C., & Fetters, M. D. (2011). Hospital do-not-resuscitate orders: why they have failed and how to fix them. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(7), 791-797. Continue Reading...

Ethical Communication and Social Media

and awareness give towards ethical discernment. Ethical discernment means being able to realize ethical issues and concepts and to use these principles to make judgments and determinations about what to do (Tompkins, 2018). This needs to play a bigger role in communications online and within the realm of social media. “Practicing communication ethics involves discernment and decision making about what is good, right or virtuous to communicate. The failure of decision makers to communicate ethically is evident around us. Media repots of deceptive or false statements by people in business, relationships, and politics are all too common. Controversy over… Continue Reading...

Intensive Care Unit Nursing Staff Job Stress and Burnout

They identified the major risk factors for burnout: gender, age, work load, years of experience, working shift, ethical issues, and patient-related decision making, among others. They also attempted to derive the associations between socio-demographic factors and burnout. They used the descriptive cross-sectional design. For instance, they used a sample of 60 nurses for the study from the total population. They then designed and administered a questionnaire to each of the nurses. They employed the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Service Survey to collect the data. 61.7 % of the nurses under study recorded serious cases of burnout. This was directly… Continue Reading...

Social Sciences and Its Statistical Package

storage of metadata together with the datafile (Statistics Solutions, 2018). What potential legal or ethical issues could arise if the information gained in a survey was used to create an ideal profile of characteristics that the company looked for when hiring employee There are potential legal as well as ethical issues that could arise if the information obtained in a survey could be utilized to generate an ideal profile or model of characteristics that the organization was in pursuit of when hiring employees. To begin with, it can be deemed unethical to create an ideal profile of people that would… Continue Reading...

Differences Between Inferential and Descriptive Statistics

a critical role in eliminating diseases like cystic fibrosis. However, some of the ethical issues associated with it include autonomy issues, privacy concerns, equity, and confidentiality concerns. For baby boomers the huge chronic needs of the elderly are expected to create new career opportunities through increasing demands for healthcare workers. Therefore, the probable HR needs in the next 10 years include more demand tech-savvy healthcare workers and those who can cater for the aging population. Inferential versus Descriptive Statistics Inferential and descriptive statistics are the two areas of statistics employed in analyzing data, particularly in studies conducted on groups… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Ethics

leads to better financial performance (Doda, 2015). 2. Distinguish between ethical and legal issues The difference between legal and ethical issues in regard to business application is that legislations do not always take into consideration ethical circumstances encountered by companies. Notably, ethical standards are centered on an individual’s belief of what is right and what is wrong versus the legal benchmark, which is basically, what is written down in law. In essence, ethics can be delineated as the moral principles and criteria that direct what people ought to do and ought not to do. Chiefly, the law orders what persons can… Continue Reading...

Collecting Quantitative and Qualitative Data

can also cause an interviewee to give a dishonest answer. ethical issues in an interview include confidentiality, bias and permissions. The interviewee should always remain anonymous unless with their consent. Identification of the interviewee should only be allowed if it is essential for the accurate conclusion of the research (Byrne, 2001). Bias in an interview can come in many different ways including asking leading questions that influence the answers given. The selection process can also be skewed to favor some candidates. Interviews rely heavily on good judgment. If the judgment of the interviewer is poor then the results will also… Continue Reading...

Privatization Of Space Travel

to price externalities, the pollution will continue to grow, without any meaningful accountability. ethical issues Elvis (2016) notes that overall, costs for space missions have increased substantially in recent years, holding the economic use of space in check. That said, this also presents a challenge in that it is becoming harder to finance non-commercial uses for space. Yet, the best uses for space might still be on the scientific front. Space has the potential to solve much bigger problems than getting a better phone signal while sailing to Tahiti. If space is fully monetized, to the point where ROI is… Continue Reading...

Learning Culture and Memory

principles of ethics that should be taken into account when doing a dissertation research. These ethical issues need to be beneficence and non-malfeasance. A researcher must obtain informed consent from the participants, give the participants the right to withdraw from the research work, minimize the risk of causing harm to the participants, avoid using deceptive practices and protect the participants’ confidentiality and anonymity. However, there are instances where it is not desirable to get an informed consent from the participants. There are a times too when the researcher has to get permission from the participants not to protect their… Continue Reading...

Fire Administration and Efficient Performances

there are some downsides of it worthy of taking into consideration. For instance, ethical issues which could arise from urgency, route and stair congestion might subject evacuees to injuries, anxiety and fatigues. Gwynne (2016). It is recommended, however, that the government look towards advancing these technologies currently used by the USFA in order to ensure there is a better performance coming from the fire service that will make the officials under the division more proficient, which will translate to better life-saving measures for the members of the public. The USFA's assignments are majorly carried out in American buildings, and… Continue Reading...

Elon Musk's Moral Muteness

“prevents us making ethical decisions. If we cannot see the ethical issues, we cannot even start on the process of becoming more ethical decision-maker” (p. 57). Unless a leader is willing to see the ethical problems with his actions, he is not going to mind engaging in unethical activity. Out of sight, out of mind is the common way in which this type of behavior is explained. Winchester uses the example of Enron’s leaders to show how this type of out of sight, out of mind mentality led to so many ethical issues for the company and eventually to… Continue Reading...

Long Term Care Administration

Long Term Care Administration What are some of the ethical issues in this case? Mrs. Beaudoin appears to be in a real ethical dilemma given the fact that she does not have formal power of attorney and her husband also lives in the same facility with her with moderate dementia and is very frail. The ethical issue involved in this case is that Mrs. Beaudoin’s health is failing steadily. She is known to have cancer throughout her body, a failing heart, moderate dementia and diabetes type II. Due to the cardiac arrest she suffered after a short stay in… Continue Reading...

Target Corporate Social Responsibility

its stores will have relatively friendly, competent staff. Target has not faced many ethical issues in recent years, even as other companies, such as Wal-Mart have been targeted by activist groups. That said, warehouse competitors like Costco have even better reputations on that front. Target also has sustainability targets that it aims for, and has built into its strategy, but this is not an area of strength for the company. Importing goods from China, especially goods that are relatively cheaply made, is not especially sustainable, so the measures that Target aims for regarding waste reduction mask the fact that… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

elements abroad. Immigration presents specific risks for precisely that reason. Yet ethical issues and standards exist to protect the people from overreach by government and to ensure Americans do not have to end up fearing their government as much as they fear the threat of terror. This paper will discuss the ethical considerations that have to be made for the use of technology to meet Homeland Security objectives. Immigration Technology is crucial to monitoring and addressing issues that arise because of immigration (such as through the use of RFID chipping). Technology can be used to monitor the movements of… Continue Reading...

Medication Error Disclosure Ethics and Legalities

ed.). Washington, DC: American Pharmacist Association. Pozgar, G.D. (2019). Legal and ethical issues for Health Professionals (5th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Pollock, M., Bazaldua, O.V. & Dobbie, A. (2007). Appropriate Prescribing of Medications: An Eight-Step Approach. Am Fam Physician, 75(2), 231-236. Rozovsky, F.A. & Woods, J.R. (Ed.). (2005). The Handbook of Patient Safety Compliance: A Practical Guide for Health Care Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Teichman, P.G. & Caffee, A.E. (2002). Prescription Writing to Maximize Patient Safety. Fam Pract Manag, 9(7), 27-30.   Continue Reading...

Fracking

for the oil industry to draw oil from previously hard to reach places, there are a variety of ethical issues surrounding the practice (Evensen & Stedman, 2018). Stakeholders in the issue of fracking go beyond those in the oil/gas industry, however. They include people in communities, whose water supply has been contaminated as a result of fracking. They include people whose lives have been changed by fracking due to the opportunity to invest in companies engaged in this practice. They include the workers and employees who are given jobs because of the new opportunities that fracking provides. Thus any… Continue Reading...