Ethical Standards Essays


Apple Investment and Financial Analysis

Inc. Boards take the proactive approach to set the ethical standards by maintaining high ethical approach and responsibility. Based on the information in the proxy statement, Apple Inc. Board of Directors consists of 8 members from the information in the 2015 annual report. (Apple, 2015). Annually, the shareholders elect the Board member and select leaders based on their competencies, attributes, and experiences. Thus, the Apple proxy states the biographic data experiences, and attribute of each member of the board. The proxy statement also provides information regarding the Board member selection process, the composition of committee and committee charter. (Apple… Continue Reading...

Modifying a Treatment Plan

on a close assessment of Eliza's medical conditions. The plan respects the time allowances, ethical standards, and a professional has prepared it. Therefore, it will be deemed possible to have effectiveness with this plan in the case that changes are not rushed into it, even with Eliza's conditions are changing. Moreover, the treatment plan is backed by evidenced practice developed from the research fields for patients with probable challenges and in need of such specified medical attention. The treatment plan, with any form of advised change, is effective and valid for Eliza's treatment. How the treatment plan needs to… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

new materials, or new design criteria ("Ethical Issues in Engineering Design," n.d.). The ethical standards might be ambiguous. The principle of "acceptable risk" is of particular interest to the engineer, who understands that a certain degree of risk may be embedded into the decision-making process (Habli, Kelly, Macnish, et al., 2015). In each situation, the engineer can assess the design's impact on public safety and is morally obliged to work with colleagues to improve the safety of their designs and products. When a level of acceptable risk has been agreed upon in consensus with colleagues, especially teams of engineers… Continue Reading...

Importing Textiles from China

A compliance offer who is either in China or can travel there is important for ensuring that the client's ethical standards are maintained by the Chinese supplier (Chinaimportal, 2015). The first issue is to determine where one can buy textiles from China. In fact, the client should not be so myopic as to insist on sourcing from any one country -- if the textile is a commodity, the bidding should be open to any country. But if China is the choice, then the first place to start is Alibaba, the major B2B site linking Chinese suppliers with foreign buyers.… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Photo Manipulation

for intervention from a professional and scholarly level as well as participation by ethical activists to advocate for ethical standards as well as provide a public discussion of photo alteration. In a day and age where social media has proliferated and anyone with a camera can make a name for themselves, it stands to identify a growing need for discussion. The public must be made aware of the various way photos are manipulated and the growing trend to only show manipulated photos. The article begins with a brief background of ethics covering multiple factors that have dramatically altered the… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

out to Michael that professionals in the accounting profession are expected to maintain high ethical standards at all times and comply with utmost integrity in all undertakings. Considering this, I would not advise him to use his overall GPA of 3.25 that is inclusive of his two years of community college studies. To begin with, there is a possibility that Michael would still fail to get the entry-level position with the overall GPA of 3.25. However, in the event that he does succeed in the screening process for the position, the CPA firm would routinely ask for official documents… Continue Reading...

Diversity and Cultural Assessment

things to consider when applying leadership across the globe. Servant leadership is a leadership model that considers ethical standards and fits into a need for leadership across cultures and diverse peoples. The five aspects of servant leadership, "Egalitarianism, Moral Integrity, Empowering, Empathy and Humility" (Mittal & Dorfman, 2012, p. 555), provide a sound basis from which the global leader can perform necessary actions for the benefit of the group and the company. While such aspects have universal appeal, some aspects are more favored in some than others. "The dimensions of Egalitarianism and Empowering were endorsed more strongly in Nordic/European cultures… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

social responsibility or collectivism versus individualism, liberty, and equality. At the same time, Confucianism and neo-Confucianism generally uphold ethical standards of behavior that emphasize choices that benefit society rather than benefitting the individual. Confucianism may be outdated, overly conservative, and even anti-modern, offering poor opportunities for contributing to modern/postmodern ethical discourse, especially with regards to bioethics. Concepts of humanity and human potential are being gradually integrated into contemporary Chinese philosophy, which may be gradually shifting away from its traditional Confucian values and embracing more a celebration of individuality and "human process-identity," (p. 141). How the individual is conceptualized, and viewed… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Crisis

would have undertaken different as a leader is uphold greater ethical standards within the organization. One of the major organizational behavior problems that took place is lack of ethical behavior. A very significant organizational challenge for organizations is in relation to ethical behaviors and social responsibility. Therefore, as a leader, I would have enforced a workplace culture and operational guideline that upholds ethics at all times. This, in part, would be to clearly explain to employees that any unethical actions would have severe implications irrespective of their ranking and position within the company. In addition, I would have nurtured… Continue Reading...

Key Characteristics Of a Whistleblower

report accusations with the audit committee (Kohn, 2004). Secondly, the Act lays out new ethical standards for advocates who practice before the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). This regulation, in tandem with the execution of regulations by the SEC, necessitates advocates, in some situations, to be whistleblowers on their employers. The third aspect is that the SOX revised the state impediment of justice decree and outlawed reprisal against whistleblowers who offer truthful evidence to an officer of the law regarding committing or prospectively committing any Federal transgression. SOX's provision of this law was not restricted to solely public companies but… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

I write all my own material and cite my sources according to ethical standards. Avoiding plagiarism is critical to my own personal sense of pride and self-development. References Collins, A. & Greeno, J.G. (2010). Situative view of learning. In Aukrust, V.G. (Ed.) Learning and Cognition in Education. Elsevier. Levykh, M.G. (2008). The affective establishment and maintenance of Vygotsky's zone of proximal development. Educational Theory 58(1): 83-101. Week 3 1. The Nokes, Schunn & Chi (2010) article on problem solving and human expertise avoids jargon generally but the principles are difficult to grasp. Therefore, the vocabulary I would like to… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

utilitarianism, relativism, and virtue ethics (Bateman, Snell & Konopaske, 2016, p. 70). Universalism refers to universal ethical standards, which are inflexible and which apply in any and all situations equally. Situational or contextual variables are not relevant from a universalist ethical framework. Obviously no attempt was made to follow universal ethical goals in the Enron case. Ethical egoism was an issue in the Enron case, though. The senior executives do what is in their own best interest, and any party who similarly acts in their own best interest and justifies it can be said to be an ethical egoist.… Continue Reading...

Cardiac Progressive Care Unit Management

of service. Besides this, the nurse manager ensures that the organization is working as per the established ethical standards set and that every nurse and every other personnel within the facility is equitable to the tasks. It is necessary that every service delivery process is done with the right procedures and professionalism, which is the responsibility of the nurse manager to assure the health facility at all times (Monaghan, 2011). Communication The health facility is responsible for many roles. All these roles have been classified under specific objectives and goals. These assessment and oversight created by the superiors within… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Considerations Intellectual Property and Product Safety

owing to its blatant violation of a number of legal and ethical standards. There were both ethical and legal problems that impacted on its clients and businesses. Investigating behavior is paramount in uncovering issues related to legal and ethical problems of any business entity. Pursuant to the scenario above, identify three (3) legal issues and problems PharmaCARE has in relation to marketing and advertising, intellectual property, and regulation of product safety. Be sure to identify the law in these areas and the extent to which PharmaCARE violated the law. All business outfits need a strategy for marketing in order… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

It the responsibility of healthcare providers to uphold their ethical standards even when in a setting that has reduced resources. Ideally, the government and politicians make decisions regarding the provision of medical resources. Resource allocation has been marred with disparities since marginalized groups, especially in developing countries, are not able to access quality healthcare (Preda and Voigt 6). In medicine, it is impossible to provide every form of therapy to everyone. Healthcare resources are and will continue to be limited. Therefore, some selective distribution is inevitable which raises issues such as discrimination. Considering all the ethical and legal dilemmas… Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

should not be put under any political or financial pressure. Lastly, judges should have higher ethical standards compared to people seeking other elective offices. The nature of work that the constitution gives judges is largely dependent on morality, ethics, and overall integrity of the individual judge. Unlike other political leaders, the judicial system has a role of self-regulation while rendering justice to the community. The ability to offer an impartial judgment largely depends on an individual moral ethics and integrity. Consequently, a judge whose integrity is questionable can easily be compromised and hence may not be able to give a… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

the degree to which one abides by an ethical standard. I think that there are all different sorts of ethical standards; for instance, one might have a sense of a natural law, or one might hold an ethical standard that is based on a philosophy, or one might adopt an ethical position based on one’s religious beliefs. Morality, for me, is more focused on actions: one’s actions may appear moral or immoral, but even here, they might appear moral to some but immoral to others because of the different approaches that people take to ethics and what constitutes rightness… Continue Reading...

Morals and Ethics in Nursing

community should pursue before individual self-interest (Mill, 1859). This is also known as a practical approach to ethics. The ethical standards and principles that are used to guide and teach people to be moral are rooted in this concept of one doing good so that the whole of one’s community benefits rather than any single one individual of the good of the rest of the community. It is a concept that allows people to recognize that there are others who are our neighbors and that they have a right to have a happy existence. It also helps to reduce… Continue Reading...

Amazon Capital Decisions

the desires and intentions of shareholders/stakeholders and also adhere to the proper minimum ethical standards. The last of those might be hard to define as different people have different ethical worldviews. This is even more true when considering companies and people from different continents (Vargas-Leon & Kuehn, 2015). The more important consideration would be achieving “optimal” resource allocation. There are always going to be people that criticize what firms like Amazon does. There are always people that throw around words like “monopoly” or “oligopoly” when it comes to Amazon. Ultimately, Amazon needs to do what is best for them… Continue Reading...

Minimizing Bias and Student Diversity in Assessment

biases and act as advocates for their students on a schoolwide and statewide level to ensure fairness. ethical standards in Assessment: Minimizing Bias and Student Diversity in Assessment Education is supposed to be a great social leveler. Unfortunately, many concerns have been raised regarding the ability of commonly-used educational assessment tools to provide unbiased information about all students, regardless of students’ demographic characteristics. Teachers must balance the need to prepare students for these highly pressured exam environments with the need for individual instruction and assessment. They must also be aware of the potential concerns raised about such exams in the… Continue Reading...

Theories Of Humanistic Psychology History

neglect the whole person. Moreover, humanistic psychology calls upon practitioners to operate with strong ethical standards that respect client autonomy and the interest in pursuing a future-oriented, solution-focused plan for client healing or life coaching. Humanistic psychological interventions can also be integrated well with other healing modalities, combined with other psychological interventions as well as with pharmacological or medical treatments. Humanistic Psychology Theory Humanistic psychology has been driven by a set of core theories that have defined the field. The luminary theorists in early humanistic psychology include Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, and Erich Fromm. Car Rogers is… Continue Reading...

Apple Finance Department

with strength in another. Ethics The finance department also plays a role in Apple’s ability to maintain high ethical standards. The auditing function is of course one area where ethics are enforced, and the accounting department as well, but international finance can also have an ethical dimension. First, the company can enforce ethical standards by choosing where to invest its capital – avoiding certain countries, companies and projects can highlight Apple’s ethical priorities. Dobson (1993) wrote an influential article that highlighted some gaps in finance ethics – the idea that wealth maximization was more important that ethics, and the idea that… Continue Reading...

Body Mind and Soul in the Cancer Ward Wit

resonance or philosophical significance. Throughout the play, Posner regards the patients and any ethical standards regarding treatment of the patients as a kind of inconvenience. Posner is ultimately a parallel with his teacher. Just as she failed to discern the true meaning behind Donne’s poems and instead solely focused on the surface aspects of grammar, Posner is solely fixated upon the technical aspects of medicine and winning glory for himself as a physician and a researcher. The irony is that by hurting the human body (Bearin’s), Posner hopes to save future, theoretical bodies. Similarly, by dissecting the grammar of… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

students to follow when conducting research. These guidelines include ethical standards for conducting a research study and providing credible, reliable, and valid research findings. This project will involve working with human participants who are the key stakeholders in the research process. The human participants are different stakeholders in the healthcare organization including the management, professional interpreters, and patients. Therefore, protecting the interests and rights of each of these groups is critical toward enhancing the effectiveness of the project in achieving desired objectives and outcomes. Similar to most studies involving the use of human subjects, research participants in this project… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

means by which nurses can always ascribe to their professional duties and the ethical standards of the profession. Point of View: Quality of Life Over Quantity Legal Issues With the exception of physician-assisted suicide laws and liability torts, there are no clear legal guidelines for end-of-life care in general (Pope, 2018). The principles of non-maleficence determine individual cases. However, physicians and other healthcare staff in the United States have been generally opting for life extension in all circumstances, even when doing so conflicts with patient wishes (Pope, 2018). High-profile cases like the Terry Schiavo case should demonstrate that healthcare… Continue Reading...

Beneficence Respect and Justice in Education Research

informed consent to how the research is applied in policy, education research needs to conform to the highest ethical standards possible. Second, over the past several decades there has been an increased awareness of how education fits into social justice. Increased awareness of how developmental or psychological disabilities impact learning, or how students with special needs can receive the best possible education has also led to legislation that requires the public school system to serve all students with equal consideration. As Lopez-Alvarado (2017) points out, the purposes of education include an exploration of the issues to share information that… Continue Reading...

Direct to Consumer Marketing

lobbying for loose restrictions in the EU, is obliged to conform to ethical standards put forward by EU authorities. In the U.S., the pharmaceutical industry abides by its own ethical standards as a way of deterring the federal authorities from intervening or even monitoring the situation (Arnold & Oakley, 2013). In the East, the only country that allows direct to consumer advertising of pharmaceuticals is New Zealand. All other countries ban it. This indicates that America is a unique phenomenon in terms of how it enables the healthcare industry to exploit the ignorance of patient consumers and prey on… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Ethics

to business application is that legislations do not always take into consideration ethical circumstances encountered by companies. Notably, ethical standards are centered on an individual’s belief of what is right and what is wrong versus the legal benchmark, which is basically, what is written down in law. In essence, ethics can be delineated as the moral principles and criteria that direct what people ought to do and ought not to do. Chiefly, the law orders what persons can and cannot do. In a simple manner, despite the fact that an action may be deemed as being unethical, it might… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

in this text, psychopaths lack emotions. It therefore follows that psychopaths and normal people perceive ethical standards differently. Thus, psychopaths lack the capacity to develop the appropriate ethical perceptions necessary for morally upright behavior. For instance, according to Helfgott, “recent empirical results suggest that adult psychopathic offenders, when compared to non-psychopathic offenders, manifest insensitivity to the distinction between moral and conventional transgression” (77).[footnoteRef:34] On the basis of the arguments presented above, therefore, psychopaths ought not to be held morally responsible for wrongful deeds. [32: Patrick, ed., Handbook of Psychopath, 2nd ed., 72. ] [33: Patrick, ed., Handbook of Psychopath,… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

Whether or not the researcher uses quantitative methods, ascription to ethical standards in research is mandatory. Researchers must receive informed consent, and empower the participants in the research with the option to leave. The results of the qualitative and quantitative studies can be used to design an anti-bullying intervention or a public relations marketing campaign designed to change attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Similarly, both qualitative and quantitative research methods should be used to assess the overall effectiveness of the anti-bullying intervention strategy. Qualitative methods can be used to survey or interview parents, students, teachers, and administrators about the perceived… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

importance of confidentiality in this study and will be needed to uphold the highest ethical standards to make sure confidentiality is kept. The respondents will be given the right to self-determination to agree or disagree to participate in the study, right to confidentiality, right to anonymity, and right to informed consent. Scientific honesty will also be ensured by making sure that all data is entered into the SPSS computer software as is in the filled questionnaire. The researcher will not manipulate the data in any way. An independent data entry assistant will be used to enter the data into… Continue Reading...

Alternative Points Of View on the Abortion Debate

rather than demand that those who hold different worldviews conform to their ethical standards. Causes and Solutions Abortion does not need to be the contentious issue that it has become. Being realistic about abortion provides the most sensible approach to resolving the social and political problems surrounding the debate. As Alvargonzález (2017) points out, “the complete elimination of abortion is not possible,” (p. e39). When abortion was still illegal in the United States, even clergy groups were helping women locate safe abortion services as a public service (Ravitz, 2016). Women may seek a termination to their pregnancy for any… Continue Reading...

Managerial Accounting and Business Ethics

delays, production slowdowns and wastages, financial deficiencies and detrimental strategic decisions. ethical standards ought to be espoused and sustained by all managerial accountants with classic ethical leadership from the top-ranking management. In addition, devoid of driven ethical behavior by management accountants, all of the codes, policies and standards will eventually turn out to be ineffective (Ghose, 2017). Product liability signifies one of the issues at the core of ethical and socially responsible behavior for businesses. Product liability encompasses the area in which business manufacturers or producers, distributors, suppliers, as well as retailers are held liable and culpable for the… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

Kant is rooted in classical objectivism. Businesses can and must have ethical standards, despite the fact that businesses are not moral agents, because they are governed by moral agents—human beings—who must consider their duty to all stakeholders, the ends of their actions, and the objective ideals that exist to show them the way. References BrainyQuote. (2018). Alfred North Whitehead quotes. Retrieved from https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/alfred_north_whitehead_133258 Castka, P., Bamber, C. & Sharp, J. (2005). Implementing Effective Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Governance: A Framework. UK: British Standards Institution. Feldman, J. (2012). Sunday Review: How Corporations Behave. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/02/opinion/sunday/sunday-dialogue-how-corporations-behave.html Plato. (2010). The… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Counseling

face, and how counselors can rightfully and safely resolve those conflicts.  Introduction The counseling profession is governed by a set of ethical standards similar to those used in the healthcare profession in general. For example, the foremost ethical principles guiding the American Counseling Association (ACA, 2014) Code of Ethics include autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity. Autonomy refers to the empowerment of the client: protecting the client’s rights to self-determination. Yet counselors may inevitably encounter dilemmas related to the client’s right to self-determination. A client who is a minor, for example, has fewer rights than an adult client. An adult… Continue Reading...

Future and Global Population Growth

system of moral guidelines governing the suitable conduct and actions of an individual or a group. Notably, ethical standards are centered on an individual’s belief of what is right and what is wrong versus the legal benchmark, which is basically, what is written down in law. In essence, ethics can be explained as the moral principles and criteria that steer individuals on what they ought to do and ought not to do. Chiefly, the law orders what persons is and is not permitted to do. Sustaining good ethics is being in line with the principles of correct moral conduct… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Creativity and Temperament

compensated because they are expected to attend two different sessions. The study will be carried out according to the ethical standards set by Ashford University. Procedure All the participants will fill an informed consent form. The form will tell participants that they are participating in a study about temperament and creativity and their responses will not be used for any other purposes apart from this study. Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) and Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) questionnaire will be administered to participants. FCB-TI will be delivered first then TTCT. So, there will be two… Continue Reading...

Future Of Policing Law Enforcement

responsive to community concerns. It also means improving the ethical standards of police behavior, improving accountability, and ensuring that officers are held to a higher standard. A possible means of achieving this all-important goal of building trust and legitimacy would be to professionalize the police force through a set of national standards for officer training. Instead of the fragmented and unreliable approaches used now, officers around the nation could be engaged in rigorous training that includes adopting a far less antagonistic attitude towards the public. As a Untied States Department of Justice document points out, “Individuals who trust law… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Temperament and Creativity

are expected to attend two different sessions. The study will be carried out according to the ethical standards set by Ashford University. Procedure All the participants will fill an informed consent form. The form will tell participants that they are participating in a study about temperament and creativity and their responses will not be used for any other purposes apart from this study. Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT) and Formal Characteristics of Behavior - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) questionnaire will be administered to participants. FCB-TI will be delivered first then TTCT. So, there will be two sessions. Each of… Continue Reading...