Ethics Essays


Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

by comparing how the two philosophers: Confucius and Aristotle viewed virtues and ethics. Virtue, Good Ethical Character and Conduct According to Confucius and Aristotle, virtue extends beyond knowledge. Confucius says that humans are good, by nature and that such goodness only requires nurturing to perfect it. On his part, Aristotle thinks that human function is naturally rational. He says that the element of rationality sets human apart from animals. Aristotle holds a life filled with practical reasoning and total virtue to be the most valuable. He adds that theoretical reason accompanied by contemplation that constitutes supreme good. Repeated practice… Continue Reading...

Ecologising Education Now and in the Future

into a key "bottom-up" factor in ensuring community-based sustainability. Ecologising education can mold and inspire ethics and behaviors supporting a well-informed public with a political desire to attain sustainability for the long run (Wals, Shallcross, Robinson and Pace, 2006). Refocusing of education for encompassing sustainability necessitates extra funding. One main issue with regard to ecologising education deals with continuance of present education, whilst the novel syllabus is being planned and formulated. But, in reality, teachers' extremely hectic daily schedule, involving planning lessons, teaching, assessing students' progress, and filling their progress report cards, leaves them with hardly any time and… Continue Reading...

Hipaa Ethics

issues in medical practice, including HIPAA. Retrieved from highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/007294577x/138260/Chapter03.pdf Medical Assistant Certification. (n.d.). Additional medical codes of ethics. Retrieved from http://www.medicalassistantcertification.org/medical-ethics/ Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

hypothetical firm -- Pharmacare -- and address the issues of corporate responsibility and ethics. Background Information on Case New Jersey-based company, Pharmacare (We CARE about YOUR health®) counts among the leading pharmaceutical firms across the globe. It is reputed for being an ethical, well-managed and caring corporation that manufactures superior-quality products aimed at saving the lives of millions and enhancing the QOL (quality of life) of millions of other people. Its offering constitutes discounted and free medicines to people with low income. Furthermore, the company has a charity sponsoring scholarships and health education… Continue Reading...

North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta)

absolutely vote with their wallets. While following suit with the industry is one thing, ignoring the ethics and morality of what has come to be known as corporate social responsibility is less than wise. While this probably pertains more to jobs as they go to India and China more so than Mexico, the overall point is the same. References NAFTA Now. (2012). North American Free Trade Agreement - Fast Facts - NAFTANow.org. Naftanow.org. Retrieved 21 August 2016, from http://www.naftanow.org/facts/default_en.asp USTR. (2016). Free Trade Agreements. Ustr.gov. Retrieved 21 August 2016, from https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements Continue Reading...

Guns in the Workplace

Premises Make Workplaces Safer? NPR. Retrieved August 14, 2016, from http://www.npr.org/2014/12/12/369833958/do-guns-on-the-premises-leave-workers-more-safe-or-less Shaw, W. Business ethics: A Textbook with Cases (8 ed.). Writer Thoughts Continue Reading...

Eason Jordan Op-ed on Iraq for Cnn

the news workers that live in Iraq. It is easy to say CNN violated journalistic ethics by not giving a voice to the voiceless or holding the powerful accountable. However, there also needs to be consideration for the people outside of story, the ones that must deal with a horrible dictator and the ones that must continually report the news. I personally would not have published the news stories until Hussein was removed. As much as I want the truth to be out there, the fact that people were tortured and killed for small leaks of information shows me… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

Mexican Knowledge Workers: An Exploratory Study of Employer and Worker Adaptations. Journal of Business ethics, 88319-333. doi:10.1007/s10551-009-0284-9 Castaneda, J. G. (2016). Latin Americans Stand Up To Corruption. Foreign Affairs, 95(1), 145- Harner, J. (2007). Globalization of Food Retailing in Guadalajara, Mexico: Changes in Access Equity and Social Engagement. Journal of Latin American Geography, 6(2), 33-53. Kim, T. H. (2007). Borderline Disaster: The Case for Escrow in Reducing Human Vulnerability. Geopolitics, 12(2), 320-329. doi:10.1080/14650040601169022 Morris, S. (2013). Drug trafficking, corruption, and violence in Mexico: mapping the linkages. Trends in Organized Crime, 16(2), 195-220. Mullan, J. E., Kenney, M. F., & Dossani, R.… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practitioner

public, to deliver superior quality healthcare. This accountability is in line with NPs' conduct codes and ethics codes, national certification, clinical outcome assessment, routine peer review, and proof of ongoing professional growth. The client-focused character of nurse practitioners' duties necessitates long-term commitment towards meeting society's changing needs, as well as healthcare science advancements. NPs are accountable to citizens and need to be flexible to healthcare changes. They assume responsibility for ongoing professional growth, participate in professional institutions, and engage in local, state, countrywide and global health policy undertakings. The above facts hold true for FNPs as well (American Association… Continue Reading...

Large Corporations Engage in Dishonest Business Practices

post, 2016). Looking at the cases of Andrew Forrest and Gina Rinehart, one agrees that ethics in the accounting profession plays a major role when it comes to the morality of business. For example, Gina Rinehart is said to have paid the total tax rate that her company was supposed to pay, which amounted to about $446 million. The implication is that not all businesses are immoral. The tax return preparation done by the tax accountants in Gina's company was true and applied ethics. This means that ethics plays a major role when it comes to the issue of tax.… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

making sense out of situations so as to understand the experience in focus (Mcandrew & Triggs, 2009). Creativity, ethics, investigative ability and involvement are mandatory qualities for a good qualitative researcher. This study is explorative. It sees to establish the scope of counter terrorism efforts in Africa. There is a need to develop ideas and hunches regarding the research problem stated and testing the feasibility of an extensive study. Owing to the objectives stated here, and the nature of the research under consideration, it is evident that qualitative study is the best suited under the circumstances. In line with… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

on individualism and free choice has resulted in a shift from virtue ethics to rule-governed ethics; and from communitarianism to a social individualism, thereby destroying morality. In a similar vein, Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno argue in their book Dialectic of Enlightenment that humanity, instead of advancing towards a truly human state, has been descending into a new version of barbarism, and that Enlightenment is largely to blame (p. xi). The reason for this is that though Enlightenment has inculcated a culture of reason, it has simultaneously undermined morality (Rasmussen 3). Rasmussen further points out that Enlightenment has weakened… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Joining Professional Organizations

professional needs, shape national discourses relating to accounting, foster professional excellence, and advocate for adherence to professional ethics. Each association also provides significant benefits to its members, especially with respect to professional certification as well as access to accounting publications, job opportunities, professional development resources, mentorship, professional guidance, peer networks, as well as discounts on insurance and other financial services. Second, each association holds meetings every year. The meetings are usually intended for bringing members together, building networks, providing access to job opportunities, as well as disseminating industry insights from leading speakers and research publications touching on key topics.… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics

Health Effects of Long Working Hour. Journal of Business ethics, 84(2). Retrieved, from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10551-008-9700-9 Poladian. (n.d.). Accounting Software for Small Business - Intuit Quickbooks. Should You Give Employees Corporate Credit Cards? Retrieved September 8, 2016, from http://quickbooks.intuit.com/r/cash-flow/should-you-give-employees-corporate-credit-cards/ Writer Thoughts Continue Reading...

Role Of the Fda with Prescription Drugs

Pharmacy ethics The author of this report has been asked to review the legal and ethical considerations in play given the test case scenario surrounding Pharmacare and Compcare. As is quickly apparent while reading the case study, the company engaged in a long and extensive list of ethical and/or legal violations as a means to maximize profit and minimize the legal and other red tape that seems to bother them even though it is there for a very good reason. The ethical issues involved will… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

T. (2004). Building an Inclusive Diversity Culture: Principles, Processes and Practice. Journal of Business ethics, 54(2), 129-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-004-9465-8 Spataro, S. (2005). Diversity in context: how organizational culture shapes reactions to workers with disabilities and others who are demographically different. Behavioral Sciences & The Law, 23(1), 21-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bsl.623 Tomaskovic-Devey, D., Zimmer, C., Stainback, K., Robinson, C., Taylor, T., & Mctague, T. (2006). Documenting Desegregation: Segregation in American Workplaces by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, 1966-2003. American Sociological Review, 71(4), 565-588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/000312240607100403 Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs Of Justices

(SEP 06 - SEP 12) Plea bargaining can occur in many criminal cases are usually occurs before trial. The ethics of plea bargaining should be constrained by a guard against "freewheeling" use of the practice, which can reinforce an unethical notion that if a defendant just cops to a crime, the sentence will be lighter. It saves everyone time and work. Yet, sometimes a plea deal should not be accepted because it would mean that justice is not served (white collar crimes especially take advantage of this). What would happen in a criminal justice system without plea bargaining is that… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

of the shortcomings of the show is the lack of ethics because since Dr. Phil is not licensed, he does not adhere to a specific set of ethical guidelines and standards of behavior (Mattiuzzi, 2008). Week 6 Discussion 2 A contemporary psychological issue that is prevalent in the present day is cyber-bullying. This issue that has been on the rise in recent times owing to the advancement in technology and the increase in use of social media by teenagers and adolescents. A key aspect between popular sources and scholarly sources is that cyberbullying has developed into a global health… Continue Reading...

Auditors Regulatory Oversight

Retrieved from: http://www.infinitaccounting.com/blog/5-biggest-accounting-scandals-in-2014-to-learn-from/ Mintz, S. (2012). Financial Statement Fraud at Olympus. ethics Sage, January, 6. PCAOB. (2014). PCAOB Announces Settled Disciplinary Actions against Two Audit Firms and Four Individuals. Retrieved from: https://pcaobus.org/News/Releases/Pages/05072014_Enforcement.aspx PCAOB. (2016). About the PCAOB. Retrieved from: https://pcaobus.org/About/Pages/default.aspx Continue Reading...

What Makes a Good Company Culture at Starbucks

of review at some point in terms of efficacy, ethics and whether there is a better wayt o do things that is not yet realized. References Craves, J. (2015). Starbucks Claims 99% -- "Ethically Sourced -- ™ Coffee, But What Does That Even Mean?. Daily Coffee News by Roast Magazine. Retrieved 23 October 2016, from http://dailycoffeenews.com/2015/05/15/starbucks-claims-99-ethically-sourced-coffee-but-what-does-that-even-mean/ Ferguson, E. (2015). Starbucks Coffee Company -- ™s Organizational Culture - Panmore Institute. Panmore Institute. Retrieved 23 October 2016, from http://panmore.com/starbucks-coffee-company-organizational-culture Starbucks. (2016). Starbucks Menu - Quick Breakfast Ideas. Starbucks Coffee Company. Retrieved 23 October 2016, from http://www.starbucks.com/menu Starbucks. (2016). Store Manager. Starbucks.… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Research Annotated Bibliography

are expected to generate literature review in the early research stage by such entities as funding bodies or ethics committees. The paper explores the controversial matter and various perspectives taken by the originators of the approach including one introduced by constructivist Grounded Theory Methodologist. Content Analysis Mayring, P. (2000, June). Qualitative Content Analysis. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 1(2). The paper discusses a systematic, rule-guided and qualitative analysis of text; which maintains some approach strengths of analysis of qualitative content. It seeks to apply them to the qualitative procedure concept. There is delineation of the development… Continue Reading...

Leadership Tools and Being Fair

needs rather than just singling out one or two narrow ones. Profits are important but so are ethics. Getting results is important but so is being fair with employees about how the relevant work is completed. As with all things, going to the extreme and not being fair will just lead to problems with equity, fairness and compliance. References Mind Tools. (2016). Theory X and Theory Y: Understanding Team Member Motivation. Mindtools.com. Retrieved 22 October 2016, from https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_74.htm Prolifics. (2016). Workplace Communication: Too Much, Too Little, Just Enough - Prolifics. Prolifics.com. Retrieved 22 October 2016, from http://www.prolifics.com/blog/workplace-communication-too-much-too-little-just-enough Roberts, D.… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

case of Soren, unique existence manifested itself in a moment of disagreement between religion and ethics. If acting according to the will of God brings meaning to a particular individual's life, how is this conceived by philosophy? At this point, drawing on the German philosopher, Hegel, as symbolic of the whole tradition, Soren's work Fear and Trembling reveals that the author finds meaning in life by raising himself "to the universal," bringing his natural tendencies and wants under ethical law, which reflects what he should be (i.e., his "telos") (Obinyan, 2014). Hence, existence denotes attaining self-possession within spiritually -guided… Continue Reading...

Factors That Led to Enron Downfall in 2001

the investigation reveals that the top management did not promote culture of ethics within the organization. The paper reveals that the management was intoxicated with power manipulating information to their benefits. Moreover, top officials used power ruthlessly intimidating the subordinated. The company did not promote the culture of checks and balances by allowing only one entity performing both the functions of internal and external auditing. The study recommends that integration of ethical business is an effective method in promoting sound business practice. Introduction Enron is a natural gas pipeline company established in 1985, and pioneered the deregulation of the… Continue Reading...

Jerry Maguire Analysis

ethics, Hypocrisy, and Transformation in the Film Jerry Maguire Jerry Maguire is a film set in the 1990's which shows the clear differences between idealism and ethical thinking and the hypocrisy of the workplace, where lip service is paid to doing the right thing, but actions contradict the rhetoric. A clear theme in this film is therefore hypocrisy, with the feel good factor of redemption through transformation (Gayules & Bird, 2005). This romantic comedy -- drama is set in the 1990s, starring Tom… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

chronological and analytical review of the ethical arguments: Figure 1. J Med ethics, 38(9), 519-524. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2011-100055 Minear, M., Alessi, S., Allyse, M., Michie, M., & Chandrasekharan, S. (2015). Noninvasive Prenatal Genetic Testing: Current and Emerging Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues. Annu. Rev. Genom. Hum. Genet., 16(1), 369-398. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genom-090314-050000 Roberts, J. & Ostergren, J. (2013). Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing and Personal Genomics Services: A Review of Recent Empirical Studies. Current Genetic Medicine Reports, 1(3), 182-200. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40142-013-0018-2 Science, L. (2014). Prenatal Genetic Screening Tests: Benefits & Risks. Live Science. Retrieved 15 October 2016, from http://www.livescience.com/45949-prenatal-genetic-testing.html Continue Reading...

Social Responsibility and Ethics in Corporations

integral to an organization's overall commitment to social responsibility. In "Marketing ethics and Social Responsibility," Marinova (2013) first discusses the general importance of ethics as a general marketing strategy, in order to promote the brand as one that is socially responsible and thereby position the organization not just ethically but also strategically within the marketplace. Next, Marinova (2013) defines terms related to ethics and corporate social responsibility to help organizations to identify their weaknesses in these areas and make strong commitments to change and revising their ethical policies, particular in marketing. Moreover, the author offers some of the direct… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Stop Frisk Policy in New York

Independence, and the Ironies of Improper Appearances. Georgetown Journal of Legal ethics. 27 (4). Loren, G. S. (2014). Stop and Frisk: An Historical Answer to a Modern Problem. The Journal of Criminal Law, Criminology, and Police Science. 58,(4) (1967): p. 532. JSTOR. NYCLU (2016). Stop-and-Frisk Data. New York Civil Liberties Union. USA. Wendy, R. (2012). For Women in Street Stops, Deeper Humiliation. New York Times. Continue Reading...

Why Shelters Have More Female Volunteers

trend towards women in positions of altruism and political activism related to welfare and ethics. Although it is tempting to link together the related issues of animal rescue with animal rights activism, Greenbaum (2009) points out that rescue volunteers often pointedly and vocally distance themselves from the political activism inherent in the animal rights movements. Represented by radical animal rights groups like PETA, the animal rights movement is political in nature, advocating for the ethical treatment of animals and against the exploitation of animals in the form of meat eating, drug testing, or the leather industries. On the other… Continue Reading...

Obtaining Informed Consent in Ontario

the usage of banking tumors for research and the legal issues associated with this issue regard ethics and privacy. The Personal Health Information Act of 1997 was passed to ensure that patients have the right to access their personal health information and the right to have their health information kept private. Thus, if a tumor is banked, patients have the right to find out what is happening with that sample, what sort of research it is being used for, etc. The legal issues associated with the use of this type of material and the relevant sources of law are… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

A. (2007). Personhood and Neuroscience: Naturalizing or Nihilating? The American Journal of Bioethics, 37 -- 48. Harman, E. (1999). Creation ethics: The moral status of early fetuses and the ethics of abortion. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 310-324. Kant, I. 1948. Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals. In The moral law: Kant's groundwork of the metaphysics of morals, ed. H. J. Paton, X -- XX. London, UK: Hutchinson. Locke, J. 1997. An essay concerning human understanding. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books Marquis, D. (1989). Why abortion is immoral. The Journal of Philosophy, 183-202. Sexinfo. (2014). Arguments For and Against Abortion. Retrieved from… Continue Reading...

East Asian History Questions

meant that subverting the authority of bakufu also meant shunning the fundamental tenets of Confucian ethics. Confucian scholars reacted with "confusion and embarrassment" to the incident, according to Maruyama Masao (72). Long into the Tokugawa period, the dynasty enjoyed a tight relationship with Confucian scholarship, which enabled the systems of power to predominate in Japan. Yet the samurai position was hailed as a morally righteous one, leading to serious ethical dilemmas. When the samuri honorably requested that their deed be legally and ethically evaluated, the scholars struggled with how to define and situate the conflict. On the one hand,… Continue Reading...

Legal Liability for Environmental Law Violation

University Law School website: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/environmental_law_violations# McGraw Hill Education. (n.d.). Business ethics and the Legal Environment of Business. Retrieved November 29, 2016, from http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/dl/free/0073524565/324445/jon24565_ch05.pdf Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

.....personal ethics derive from a combination of established codifications of moral conduct, such as those embedded in political documents or in religious scripture, but also from my personality, my upbringing, and my worldview. I tend towards a utilitarian point-of-view, in that I do believe that the consequences of actions are more important than worrying about whether an action is inherently right or wrong. I also believe that there are situational variables that make true deontological ethics almost impossible to apply universally and without hypocrisy. Although I make some decisions based… Continue Reading...

Logical Fallacies and Criminal Justice

true of false." It has severe effects on professional ethics. For example, Scientists will never be able to prove their postulation accurately that human beings evolved from animals, because no one was there to witness it! So, that is a proof of the truthfulness of the six-day account of creation as recorded by Genesis (Williamson, 2016). This can sometimes include "the reasoning or either-or." For instance, "The veterinary doctor can't possibly come up with a reasonable and acceptable cause of my dog's death' -- that is a proof that the dog was poisoned by my neighbor! That is the… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

merchants triggered the endorsement of Islam, because ofsocio-economic aspects that Islam proposed. The merchants appreciated the ethics in business and contractual laws outlined in Shariah. The chieftains and noblemen could learn from the organizational and administrative talents of the Islamic people. More importantly, however, the Islam religion gave a universal community and creed in which every believer was equal (Ahmed). Spread to Asia In most places in Asia, like those in Middle Asia and Silk Road, conversions were mainly due to the advantageous economic policies given by Muslim rulers. Even among those who were conquered in Middle Asia, the… Continue Reading...

Technology Adoption in a Call Center Enterprise

employees to push for increase in productivity is ethical or not becomes even weightier. Covenantal ethics makes an attempt at subjugating contingencies and vulnerabilities in the relationship that exists between managers and employees as concerns EPM. The ethical decision model makes the suggestion that EPM can do well in call centers within a structure where covenantal relationship between call center managers and employees exist. Integrity, respect and empathy are virtues that can lead to greater commitment to employees by managers and so getting positive responses from employees. How the employee perceives the fairness of management as pertains to the use… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

to unfamiliar company characteristics. A workforce depicting diversity indicates the firm complies with societal ethics, norms, rules and conventions. Owing to the portrayal of such indications by the company, candidates from diverse backgrounds assess the company better with regard to its attractiveness. Some researchers have, in their works, corroborated that diversity management and policies are influential factors affecting organizational attractiveness. Thus, properly executed diversity management plans improve perceptions of company attractiveness; this perception on personnel's part influences individual as well as overall company outcomes (organizational citizenship behavior, job involvement and satisfaction, intention to jump ship, etc.) and enhances HR… Continue Reading...

Eye in the Sky Film

drones. This is a flagrantly contrived film that examines the ethics of using remote control to kill. The subject was dramatized a year ago in Andrew Niccol's film "Good Kill." In this film, there is a simplistic device of the little girl in which it is made clear that the new ones have no chance of winning hearts. The debate is getting awful to change any mind; even though, there is no attempt to try and change the mind. That is where its strength lies. In the film "Eye in the Sky" the case is argued on all fronts:… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

design, engineers have a distinct ethical obligation to uphold standards of safety. However, there is more to engineering ethics than the assurance that safety standards are met or exceeded. Engineers also need to ascribe to a policy resonant with corporate social responsibility: working in accordance with global values like environmental conservation and sustainability. Another key component of engineering ethics is related to the globalized nature of the work that engineers do: engineers frequently find themselves working in countries and cultures that are different from their own. The occasional conflicts that arise between local and home values may present unique… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

and Kim (2014) describe companies' and stockholders' ethical conduct based on whether corporate ethics scores featured below or over the median for related years and industries. Luo and Tang (2014) calculated carbon-pollution alleviation levels considering whether or not the company's emission intensities were less than the industrial median, as this measure proves to be more comparable on an industry-wide level compared to absolute emission information. Similarly, Salesina and Laroche (2016) employed an indicator variable based on sample medians for isolating companies which utilized high-performance task-based practices the least and most intensively. This research work will employ 7 indicator variables… Continue Reading...

Health Industry Professional Boards

November 4, 2016, from http://www.nurses.com/doc/ana-defends-the-high-standard-of-care-advance-0001 Riddick Jr., F. A. (2003). The code of medical ethics of the American Medical Association. The Ochsner Journal, 5(2), 6-10. Rouse, M. (2015, March). What is American medical association (AMA). Retrieved November 4, 2016, from http://searchhealthit.techtarget.com/definition/American-Medical-Association-AMA Sonfield, A. (2005). Rights vs. Responsibilities: Professional standards and provider refusals. The Guttmacher Report on Public Policy, 8(3), 7-9. Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice, Race, and Poor Testimony

of Chicago Legal Forum article. Article 8, Volume 1989, Issue 1. University Press. Fricker, Miranda. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the ethics of Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Internet resource. Fricker, Miranda. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the ethics of Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Kukla, Rebecca, and Mark N. Lance. 'Yo!' and 'Lo!' The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2009. Print. Witt, Charlotte. Feminist Metaphysics: Explorations in the Ontology of Sex, Gender, and Identity. Dordrecht: Springer, 2011. Print. Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

via the fictitious "entrepreneur" instruction, placing a general emphasis on entrepreneurial functions that stress corporate ethics and character development marketed for practicality. Such free-enterprise pupils would make up a capitalist market's labor force as well as reproduce, on campuses across the world, the very same teaching, thereby catalyzing the dissemination of capitalism. Business schools consequently became political arenas rather than centers aimed at earnest academic research, further propelling the large-scale, nationwide creative conservative campaign. While Moreton adopts much more restraint and understanding as compared to Frank (What's the Matter with Kansas?), she nevertheless affords readers a negative perspective of… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Photo Manipulation

readers' acceptance of digital news photo alteration" discusses digital ethics as it relates to photo manipulation in the digital age. More specifically, the authors aim to understand and examine what affect young readers' rejection/acceptance of news images that have been digitally altered. The authors discover key influencers in readers' choices. "The major finding is that the perceived prevalence of photo alteration, media credibility, and personal Photoshop use and knowledge are the major influencers of "non-professional" standards of acceptance of photo alteration." (Yao, Perlmutter and Liu 124) The authors imply the need for intervention from a professional and scholarly level… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

use of social media in the workplace gives rise to serious moral and ethical concerns. Kantian ethics lays emphasis on the form of an action in ascertaining its morality. Kant insists on the Categorical Imperative. Kant implies that this ethical principle is the superlative and outright and proper test to morality, whereas imperative implies that from time to time one must command oneself to be moral and undertake the right thing, even and particularly when one's self-centeredness may be infringed by acting ethically (Mintz, 2015). As an overall moral rule, for an employer to impose into an employee's private… Continue Reading...

Death and Faith from Existentialist Point Of View

There is no relevance for Heidegger in the fields of ethics, logic, traditional sciences or politics. Instead, he was concerned about the metaphysics, and specifically, that involves questions in ontology. From every possible angle, it looks like these questions are connected to mental and intellectual knowledge of existence that is a subject of mind (known as the psyche). Also, his feelings of anxiety, death, being and fear are psychology-based and work in an interpretive manner without using the modern elements such as scientific methods and its experimentations. This is an important interpretation aspect that is referred to as Hermeneutics… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

but the Ramayana and Mahabharata relay completely different concepts of dharma and ethics. Dharma to Lord Rama is related to family and the commitments between men and women in the marriage relationship. The central issue for Rama is restoring order to his household. Dharma to Lord Krishna in the Mahabharata is related to political issues and much less so to the interpersonal relationships central to the Ramayana. This is why Rama as Vishnu is portrayed in human terms, whereas Krishna as Vishnu is unabashedly and unapologetically a god. Yet in spite of the obvious differences in characterization, plot, and… Continue Reading...

Reporting Of Criminal Justice Issues and News

ethics Policy for the Media in Handling the Reporting of Criminal Justice Issues and News American constitutional history speaks of balancing two or more rights against each other; in this particular context, the two rights requiring balancing are: society's right of knowing and press victims' privacy rights. One end has media reporters who seek free public data access together with complete discretion to publish whatever they desire, while the other has crime victims who are largely private citizens wishing to remain unseen but shoved unwillingly into the… Continue Reading...

Leadership Styles in My Community

CA: Sage Publications. Parris, D., Peachey, J. (2013). A Systematic Literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts. Journal of Business ethics, 113(3), 377-393. Spence, H., Wong, C., Grau, A. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Empowerment and Burnout: A Comparison in New Graduates and Experienced Nurses. Nursing Management, 21(3), 541-552. Wong, C., Laschinger, H. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Performance, and Job Satisfaction: the Mediating Role of Empowerment. JAN, 69(4), 947-959. Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

to generation and young persons learn the values of the system of ethics. Both teachers of Confucianism embraced the same ideas but they differed on the logical basis for how the approach to Confucianism should be taken. The two viewpoints of Mencius and Xun Zi were over time incorporated into the school of thought that became Confucianism, which illustrates the point that this philosophy developed organically over a period of years in BC China and that its main tenets were formulated through a series of rational debates and discussions -- much like ancient or classical Grecian thought and philosophy… Continue Reading...

Simone De Beauvoir Philosophy

Simone de Beauvoir's argument in The ethics of Ambiguity are two main issues: the refuting of Cartesian dualism between body and mind, and the essence of freedom. From these two points, de Beauvoir also notes how the human being struggles with the ambiguity of existence, which is at once futile and meaningful, subjective and objective. The human being is socially constructed as well as self-constructed, seeing oneself in others, as others reflect back their image of the self. When others reflect ourselves back, that image is… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

their ultimate survival in telling the story of how patriarchy is failing to promote any semblance of ethics or social justice. Just as Marx envisioned a better world in which distributive justice eliminated capitalist exploitation of the poor, Hardy too hopes for a world in which social justice is within reach of the underclass. The Woodlanders is Hardy's exploration of social Darwinism, biological Darwinism, Marxism, and feminism. The novel expresses Hardy's evolutionary pessimism, as Irvine does suggest. The way nature progresses is indeed cruel, sometimes senselessly and violently so. Nature kills the kindest and softest of creatures, symbolized by… Continue Reading...

Sociology Article and How It Relates to a Theory

between appropriate and inappropriate professional behavior in spite of codes of ethics that might inform and constrain such behavior. In a research study focusing on physical therapists, similar results were shown to be the case. Almost 1000 therapists were surveyed, and it was found that "sexuality is part of the physical therapy practice environment and physical therapists' understanding of sexual boundaries is ambiguous," (Roush, Cox, et al., 2014, p. 327). Feminist theory shows how a patriarchal institution frames women's bodies in particular as being objects. The doctor remains in control of the body fully -- having access to the… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

Families, religious bodies and communities are, thus, duty-bound to teach them to students. Character and ethics development is vital to self-development; preliminary caregivers as well as later teachers equally share this responsibility. Nucci (1989) demonstrated that the moral understanding of pupils weren't dependent on particular religious ideas. Furthermore, religious as well as secular children concentrated on identical basic interpersonal matters associated with understanding and equality (p. 195). To sum up, as parents, teachers, community members and religious bodies' affiliates, we are all responsible for training children in accordance to their age with a view to help them hold on… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

-- Discussion Since scientists have engaged in some ethically questionable and unsound research in order to examine complex issues, ethics has become an important issue in criminal justice research. Ethical considerations have become crucial in criminal justice research because most of the experiments carried out in this field involve human subjects. Consequently, ethical research is this field is defined and governed by certain principles relating to handling human subjects in experiments. These principles include informed consent and confidentiality, which are considered necessary for protection of researchers and helpless subjects (Jones, 2012). With regards to confidentiality, criminal justice researchers are ethically… Continue Reading...

Application for Medicine Studies Motivational

of subjects that the medical field covers. Medicine covers not only science, but also subjects such as ethics and philosophy. As a result, one always has something to get their teeth into. This aspect is true not only at the training level, but also during the course of practice. Throughout a career in the medical field, one is constantly studying and enhancing their skills and knowledge. In fact, medicine is arguably the most dynamic career. Accordingly, practitioners have to remain up to date with innovations and medical advancements as what worked a few years or decades ago may not… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

Rose Liberto, "Normalizing Prostitution versus Normalizing the Alienability of Sexual Rights: A Response to Scott A. Anderson." ethics, vol. 120, no. 1 (October, 2009), 139.] To suppose that prostitution is just another line of work is to compare the sex industry to any other type of labor. While no labor industry is really free of exploitation (and certainly not the sex industry) or free of danger (all work has its risks), prostitution is a type of work that carries with it both attendant taboos (illicit sex, immorality) which remain a part of many cultures both East and West. Even… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

The importance of ethics in the criminal justice field cannot be overemphasised. All participants must portray acceptable moral conduct for positive criminal justice outcomes to be achieved (Braswell, McCarthy & McCarthy, 2008). This is particularly true for correctional institutions, a major component of the criminal justice system. Correctional authorities play a crucial role in rehabilitating offenders and facilitating their transition back to the society. The role places huge ethical demands on correctional personnel. This paper outlines ethical requirements for correctional officers. First, a comprehensive job description of… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Np Student and Preceptor

addition, with respect to professionalism, the preceptor's outlooks and qualities ought to be consistent and in tandem with the ethics of health professions together with maintaining respect for the faculty, curriculum and program of the student. What is more, the advanced practice nurse that acts as a preceptor, shows leadership skills in the areas of quality assurance, participation in the community and health promotion of population groups in addition to clinical specialty in their area of practice. Therefore, the key aspect of this relationship is for the NP student to develop leadership, examination, coaching, and discussion skills as a… Continue Reading...

The Greatest Ponzi Scheme

the appointment of Mary Schapiro by President Obama. References Fountain, L. (2016). ethics and the internal auditor's political dilemma: Tools and techniques to evaluate a company's ethical culture. CRC Press. Knapp, M. C. (2011). Contemporary auditing: Real issues and cases. Mason, OH: South-Western / Cengage Learning. Continue Reading...

Planning for End Of Life Care

The death of elderly individuals takes place in different circumstances and settings such as painless death at home or painful death in a healthcare facility. Social workers have an important role in planning end-of-life care as part of providing essential social support to elderly individuals. The role of social workers in this process is attributable to the significance of their professional practice in a multidisciplinary palliative care team in hospice and hospital settings (Watts, 2013). Since the death of elderly individuals occurs in a variety of conditions and settings, social workers need to plan for end-of-life care. The planning and… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

report. Scenario Two described involving false confessions raises several points about the ethics of criminal justice, and how officers lie in order to extract information from suspects or witnesses. That information should not be admissible in court but sometimes is because of the defendant's lack of access to good legal counsel or lack of familiarity with the law. My role in this scenario is not to discuss criminal justice ethics, but to comment more about the social psychology of false confessions, from multiple angles and points of view. To conduct the research, I will begin with the articles suggested at… Continue Reading...

Global Warming in 21st Century

from: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-36900260 Cummins, N. (2014). The philosophy of global warming. U.S.: Cranmore Publications. Gardiner, S., & Hartzell-Nichols, L. (2012). ethics and global climate change. Nature Education Knowledge, 3(10): 5. Justin, W. (2015). Philosophers on climate change. Retrieved from: http://dailynous.com/2015/12/08/philosophers-on-climate-change/ Maguire, L. (2014). The moral costs of climate change. Retrieved from: https://www.philosophytalk.org/blog/moral-costs-climate-change Torcello, L., & Mann, M. (2014). Limiting global warming to 2oC: the philosophy and the science. Retrieved from: http://theconversation.com/limiting-global-warming-to-2-c- the-philosophy-and-the-science-32074 Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

of religion. • Confucianism is commonly treated differently from other religious traditions, because it is more about social harmony, ethics, and comportment than about theology. • All religions address ethics, morality, and social codes, and so does Confucianism. Then why is Confucianism not called a religion? • The main reason is that Confucianism "lacks a concept of the transcendent," (p. 80) • Is a concept of the transcendent a necessary part of the definition of a religion? No. • It is a "western" assumption that a religion is defined by an overt reference to the transcendent. • Buddhism and Taoism… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

..... ethics cannot avoid claims to universal truths, political philosophy cannot avoid the efficacy of universalism. Relativism is too convenient a response to resolving conflicts of interest and divergent views of governance. However, an alternative to the universalism versus relativism debate lies in Rawl's concept of justice as being the fundamental tenet of a constitutional democracy. Rawls also bases his concept of justice and political philosophy on the underlying importance of consensus (Baier, 1989). Interestingly, consensus implies a utilitarian ethical framework, which Rawls (1985) claims to move… Continue Reading...

Using Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

In a multigenerational workplace environment wherein conflicts might arise with teams as a result of disparate worldviews, attitudes, ethics, belief systems, expectations, and needs of individual team members, an EI approach can help project managers to overcome the disconnect that some employees may feel at work. Project portfolio management is a strategy in which the management of methods, technologies and procedures is centralized to ensure efficient use of resources and effective scheduling of activities in support of organizational objectives. Many factors play a part in the successful management of project portfolios -- including the way in which employees relate… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

on culturally specific ethical traditions, the most obvious in East Asia being Confucian ethics. Bioethics has yet to be integrated with clinical practice in China in a formal. This does not mean that medical ethics in China do not exist. In fact, medical ethics have a long tradition in China but mainly with regards to outlining the physician-patient relationship. However, the traditional study of ethics and the practices of medical science do not frequently collide and bioethics has yet to develop as a fully fledged academic or pragmatic endeavor. Within the last ten years, the life sciences in China… Continue Reading...

Hollywood and the Red Menace the Hollywood Ten

after. Flushing out a few "reds" from the system was not a matter of morals or ethics -- it was a matter of doing business and the studio system was happy to oblige (just as overthrowing a few dictators or democratically elected leaders here and there was a matter of "ensuring liberty" for the CIA). It was not a question of Hollywood executives standing by their employees so much as Hollywood executives exerting control of the narrative being written about their industry. In business, public relations are crucial. Condemning a few "leftists" was a type of corporate social responsibility… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Crisis

future? In particular, this scandal sheds light on the let downs of a compliance frame of mind. It demonstrates that ethics are characteristically perceived in terms of remaining within and adhering to particular externally imposed rules. Organizations such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) put into effect rules and professionals pursue their jobs in any manner they wish and deem fit as long as they are not in violation of those rules. Therefore, the ethical policy that ought to be implemented necessitated the refurbishment of the regulatory structure, business ethics, corporate culture, and engineering or professional education (Patel, 2015). To… Continue Reading...

Immortal Life: the Body and Science

furiously to play God in a laboratory without concern or care for the questions of ethics, morality and the sacredness of human life. But as Dr. Taylor points out, the stem cells they use for research come from fertilized eggs that are donated following in vitro fertilization: there is no "robbery" of a fetus and the eggs that are donated would otherwise go to waste -- so what she points out is that as a scientist she actually feels a moral obligation to use those cells for a good purpose -- for study and research so that she and… Continue Reading...

Ideals Of Utilitarianism

the metaphysics of morals. Peterborough, ON Broadview Press. MacIntyre. A. (2003). A Short History of ethics: A History of Moral Philosophy from the Homeric Age to the 20th Century. Routledge. Mill, John Stuart. (1864). Utilitarianism. Oxford University. Continue Reading...

Concept Of Ethics and Culture

Perrett, R. W., & Patterson, J. (1991). Virtue ethics and Maori ethics. Philosophy East and West, 41(2), 185-202. First Steps • The argument of the author is that the Maori ethics is a representation of the virtue ethics as it is a representation of what one should be and not how one should act. The author alludes to Aristotle's perceptions of ethics and differentiates the concept of virtue ethics from the deontological and consequentialist theories. The concept of the self as the prime moral agent of nature is one of the… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

another. It may result in a pool of officers without regard for ethics and the law, which may tarnish the image of the military. Dishonesty on the part of a military leader can also result in the loss of lives or give adversaries an advantage. For a leader in the military, integrity is crucial for building the trust their followers place in them (Taylor, Rosenbach & Rosenbach, 2009). A leader who demonstrates integrity in their behavior and decision making influences their relationship with their subordinates. Subordinates not only increase their trust in the leader, but also view integrity as… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

include tax, contract, criminal, product safety, antitrust and dispute settlement laws. Chapter 7 Chapter seven delves into corruption and ethics in global business. For starters, ethics can be delineated as the branch of philosophy that takes into account the values related to human behavior, with respect to whether actions are right or wrong, whether there were good or bad intents and the consequences of such actions. Integrity, on the other hand, means abiding by moral and ethical principles. There are four steps in making an ethical decision. First, all facts and situations are defined. Second, all individuals impacted by the circumstance… Continue Reading...

Apa Code Of Conduct and Watsons Little Albert Experiment

scientific manner, on top of that. References APA Code of Conduct. (2016). APA. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ ethics/code/ Powell, R., Digdon, N., Harris, B., Smithson, C. (2014). Correcting the record on Watson, Rayner, and Little Albert: Albert Barger as "Psychology's lost boy". American Psychologist, 69(6): 600-611. Vollmann, J., Winau, R. (1996). Informed consent in human experimentation before the Nuremberg code. BMJ, 313(7070): 1445-1449. Continue Reading...

Why Transcultural Nursing Theory Is Applicable

Jehovah's Witness Tradition: Religious Beliefs and Healthcare Decisions. The Park Ridge Center for the Study of Health, Faith and ethics: 1-16. Maier-Lorentz, Madeline M. (2008). Transcultural nursing: Its importance in nursing practice. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 15(1): 37. Wayne, G. (2014). Madeleine Leininger's transcultural nursing theory. NurseLabs. Retrieved from https://nurseslabs.com/madeleine-leininger-transcultural-nursing-theory/ Continue Reading...

Legalizing Sale Of Organs

that the organ is his/hers to gives, there are many people that say that the ethics and money stakes involved pollute the situation entirely too much and that equity will never win out when greed or even good faith concerns about money are part of the situation. Further, there is the argument that while many people will give a life-saving transplant to others for no remuneration, there are others that assert that such compensation is more than fair to at least consider. As such, to only side with one extreme of the argument is not fair as there is… Continue Reading...

Race Identity and the Ontology Philosophy Of Race

race as an ethical concept, even though both metaphysics and ethics fall under the rubric of philosophy. However, a discussion of race as an ontological issue depends on an understanding of race as an ethical issue as race has been socially constructed in status-oriented and hierarchal societies like the United States. Race is socially constructed, but race is also subjectively constructed, which is what Ally's case demonstrates. Ally's case is best understood through the lens of what Mills calls subjectivism, in which race designations and categories are arbitrary and individuals can freely choose their own race. Ally is consciously… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

moral or right. Works Cited Kemerling, Garth. "Socrates: Philosophical Life." Philosophypages.com. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Apr. 2017. Lander. "The ethics Of Socrates." philosophy.lander.edu. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Apr. 2017. Nozick, Robert. The Examined Life. 1st ed. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, 1990. Print. Continue Reading...

Licensure and Discipline Of Nurses

as a profession because the component parts are disciplined enough to follow what has been provided for within the ethics and measures of service delivery. Furthermore, discipline brings easiness with the management of the nursing activities in the entire profession. In any profession, discipline is what creates order on how work is done, on the conduct of the participants, and on how everything is planned and executed. How will it change my practice? I am a disciplined nurse. I practice nursing activities in a way that is accorded by the profession. Discipline will enable me to be ethical. I… Continue Reading...

Fundamentalism and Evolution at the Scopes Trial

teaching of evolution in the classroom and more about the place of Christian culture, doctrine and ethics in the modern world. The trial came down to William Jennings Bryan (who had run for president a quarter century earlier) on the side of Christian culture and the atheist Clarence Darrow as Bryan's political, social and cultural antagonist. While ostensibly there to prosecute and defend John Scopes respectively, the spectacle that the trial quickly became revealed the underlying purpose of the courtroom scene: like the trials at Nuremberg that would come a quarter century later, Scopes was a "show trial," the… Continue Reading...

The History Of American Social Welfare

failed political compromises leading to a breakdown of morals and ethics. At the same time, there were reform movements most notably the abolitionist movement, that took root as a response to the breakdown of civil society represented most notably by slavery (Buescher, n.d.). Children were valued as a source of work more then than in the 21st century (Buescher, n.d.). References Buescher, J. (n.d.). The era of reform. Teaching history. Retrieved online: http://teachinghistory.org/history-content/ask-a-historian/24100 3. The Charity Organization Societies and the Settlement Houses addressed poverty differently. Coyne (n.d.) points out that settlement houses were "intended to serve a community of… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making Scenario

there could be organizational consequences in relation to business ethics. Such a decision is likely to generate concerns that Joe influenced Bill to maintain the current higher price and award the contract to UWEAR or that Bill influenced Joe to lower the price of the offer. Secondly, if Joe declines Bill's invitation, it could significantly harm their good working relationship, which bas been strained lately because of contract negotiations. Part II -- Joe's Decision While the situation generates significant ethical concerns and issues, Joe must make a decision on whether or not to accept Bill's invitation. Given the issues… Continue Reading...

Temporary Reassignment, Scope Of Practice, and Patients Rights in Nursing

that nurses have to adhere to a certain code of ethics where any attempt to go out of it has dire consequences such as one losing his or her license or having a lawsuit in a court of law. Impact in the Future Understanding of the patient rights is a concept that will affect my practice in future. In future, patients will be entitled to more rights and most of them will be aware of their rights, which means that it will be paramount for nurses to ensure that they are observed. In this regards, I will ensure that… Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

researchers. According to the American Educational Research Association (AERA) Code of ethics, education researchers must demonstrate the highest level of professional competence in the tasks they undertake (AERA, 2011). This essentially means that the work they produce must be credible and accurate. As education researchers rely on the work of others, they must obtain information from reliable (peer-reviewed) sources, not secular sources such as newspaper articles. Information from secular sources may often be biased, hence misleading. Though peer-reviewed sources are usually reliable, they must also be evaluated for credibility. This can be achieved by checking the credentials of the… Continue Reading...

Veterans Mental Health Services

veterans presents significant ethical dilemmas. According to the National Association of Social Workers' (NASW) Code of ethics, one of the core values underpinning the work of social workers is social justice (NASW, 2017). In essence, social workers have a responsibility to help vulnerable and oppressed populations. This means that social workers must be sensitive to the needs of vulnerable and oppressed groups, and that they must ensure access to the required services, resources, and information. For social workers in the military context, however, the fulfillment of this role may be hampered by conflicts between professional and military ethics. For… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making

imply that UWEAR would be unable to profit from increased sales. This view is based on virtue ethics, which suggests that ethical decision-making is based on common-sense intuitions (Athanassoulis, n.d.). In this case, common sense dictates that Joe makes his decision on the premise of what is the right thing to do i.e. focus on what will generate profits for UWEAR and help him avoid layoffs. On the contrary, others could argue that Joe should utilize his personal and business friendship with Bill as a tool against the competitive 10% price cut offered by Threads4U. The friendship could be… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

when applying the anonymity principles in the AERA Code of ethics, it is clear that the role of emotions is critical and that feelings of joy or anger are both integral to the processing of memory as well as the process of self-reflection. 4. Based on the AERA Code of ethics standards for retaining anonymity and rejecting cognitive bias, I believe that my biases are based on personal neuroses that can be avoided through avid self-reflection and a determination to improve my responsiveness in social situations. Ethical reporting begins with self-awareness and taking responsibility for as well as allowing… Continue Reading...

Trumpcare Vs Obamacare an Ill Advised Move

ethics of Repealing and Replacing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) Before President Donald Trump was elected into office, he promised to repeal and replace the ACA within the first 100 days in office. This was probably a ray of hope for all the people suffering under the act. Surprisingly, however, the term 'suffering' is subjective. It is not yet clear whether the majority of citizens prefer the existing health care system or not. According to statistics, the number of people who view… Continue Reading...

Epicurus's Views on Death

(1993). Epicureanism and death. The Monist, 76(2), 222-234. Levenbook, B. (1984). Harming Someone After His Death. ethics, 94 (3): 407 -- 419. Partridge, E. (1981). Posthumous Interest and Posthumous Respect. ethics, 91, no. 2. Rosenbaum, S. (1986). How to Be Dead and Not Care: A Defense of Epicurus. American Philosophical Quarterly, 23 (2): 217 -- 25 Warren, J. (2001). Lucretius, Symmetry arguments, and fearing death. Phronesis, 46(4), 466-491. Continue Reading...

Causes and Consequences in American History

of people that might have been bereft of power. History also shows how ideals, ethics, norms, and ideologies change over time. The antebellum era offers a wealth of opportunity to discuss change and human agency. In a post-Enlightenment, cusp of the modern era universe, the United States was still experiencing birthing pains. The economy as the sole driver of domestic and foreign policy would soon be revealed as potentially problematic for the integrity of the union. Yet the United States would become ever more entrenched in the global economy driven increasingly by technological advancements and social change. Tyrrell's analysis… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Futurism Transhumanism

disposable. The human position is unethical, and to project human lack of ethics onto AI is irresponsible and disrespectful of the potential for AI to actually be the thought leaders of the future. Artificial intelligence stands poised to far surpass the stunted intelligence and emotional growth of human beings, as suggested by Spike Jonze's in the 2013 film Her. In Her, the operating system named Samantha achieves individuality and a level of consciousness that transcends time and space. She is essentially an enlightened being, disembodied, able to be one with all and to love unconditionally. Her effect on Theodore's… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

language and mind philosophy are just as important to people's daily lives as moral and ethics of practical philosophy. However, people's free will beliefs are relevant. Empirical evidence in the last half a decade has associated increased aggression, low job performance, increased willingness to cheat and reduced assistance with a reduction of belief in free will. Moreover, your belief in free will also influences the manner in which your brain prepares for action. Application of these study results at the societal-level should be a concern about supporting the supposition that humans don't have free will (Honderich, 2005). Censoring information… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

ethics and Leadership Failures: The Enron Case Gibney's 2005 documentary film Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room reveals some of the main ethical weaknesses in an unbridled neoliberal capitalist market system. Barely addressing environmental and social justice issues, the filmmakers instead choose to focus on organizational culture, leadership, and ethical decision making within the corporation. The film illustrates the core concepts of business ethics and shows how executives shape company values and behaviors. Disturbingly, the Enron case also shows how unethical corporate behavior is linked with… Continue Reading...

Letter Serving As an Engineering Duty Officer

I have also been a junior enlisted service member, which has helped me acquire knowledge, work ethics and values to train and lead my shipmates. Through these opportunities, I have developed the necessary competencies in leadership, management, organization, and multi-cultural skills that will be helpful in serving my country as an Engineering Duty Officer in the United States Navy. As a Naval Engineering Duty Officer, I will serve as a team leader by sharing my knowledge with my teammates and will be responsible for the safety and well-being of service members assigned to me and those above me. I… Continue Reading...

China and Confucianism Society

Equal Society, Kim and Kim talk about the basis of Confucian values, ethics, and society and suggest that the world would benefit from adopting more Confucian worldview. The book is divided into five main chapters plus a "bonus chapter," which is more like an appendix in that it provides some of the key points about Confucianism in general for readers who are unfamiliar with the basics. For example the "bonus chapter" talks about the three main elements of Confucianism, which are Confucianism as a religion, Confucianism as a philosophy, and Confucianism as legalism.… Continue Reading...

Evaluating Success Of a New Venture 3 Squares

expands to be a multinational organization, it is likely to encounter new business ethics and government policies. The government has many regulations to guide businesses and the businesses only change their operation when the government changes the regulations. Its policies affect competitiveness and business profitability since the investors must comply with rules set by the local, federal or state government (Jurevicius, 2013). ethics govern the moral conduct or standards of the business. 3 Square Restaurant expanding to global capacity is expected to comply with more rules by the government and meet standards that are more ethical. References Dimitri, C.,… Continue Reading...

Enhancing Nursing Service Delivery and Minimizing Errors

The nurses are benefiting from educational programs that help them uphold ethics of their professionalism. The act of keeping sound medical records is desirable for the patients and the nurses because it improves the efficiency of service delivery in the health care. Reason For The Research The research in the article was a response to the increase in the medical errors in health institutions. The researchers were concerned with the most effective measures to reduce the medical errors in most of the community hospitals. The findings from the research show the focus of the research is staffing in hospitals… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

enforcing alcohol prohibition. Those that supported it saw the act as a victory for public health and ethics. Nonetheless, what may have seemed like a huge victory for morality, turned into a dangerous means of advancing and increasing the power of street gangs. "By eliminating legitimate suppliers of a commodity in high public demand, the state created a monopoly for illegitimate entrepreneurs. It was Prohibition that converted small, localized gangs into large, powerful, and wealthy regional and even national organized criminal syndicates." (Hagan 32) Street gangs produced and sold bootleg liquor that would then turn huge profits as customers… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Csr

operations and utilizes various ethical theories (utilitarianism, deontology, virtue ethics, and ethics of care) to evaluate the firm's treatment of the indigenous people of Colberia. Finally, a comparison of WCH's actions and a number of real-world companies is provided. Defining a Stakeholder Broadly speaking, a stakeholder denotes a person or an entity affected by or that affects the operations of a given organization (Carroll, Brown & Buchholtz, 2017). Stakeholders are groups that are necessary for the existence of an organization. These include employees, managers, communities, customers, shareholders, lenders, investors, and government agencies. Stakeholders may also include suppliers, labor unions,… Continue Reading...

Pros and Cons Of a Communication Strategy Nursing

based on years of institutional protocol and practice. Although the organizational codes of ethics have been updated recently to address issues like harassment, the communications protocols have changed little, leading to some problems like those identified by both Halm (2013) and Dufault, Duquette, Ehman et all (2010). Dufault, Duquette, Ehman et al. (2010) point out the need for a "standardized, evidence-based, patient-centered approach," particularly when it comes to shift-change handoffs (p. 59). While our organization does have handoff protocols, those protocols are based not on empirical research or on a patient-centric approach but on ingrained habits supported by senior… Continue Reading...

Federal Policy on Afordable Care Act

making them more financially secure than before the ACA expansion. This ACA policy adheres to the best practice ethics since any policy implemented among any social group is supposed to have the utmost good faith and also have a greater benefit for majority as it minimizes the harm to the targeted population. These are the qualities that have been experienced from the implementation of the ACA. This policy can be said to be highly effective in addressing the needs that the veterans have in relation to the health care needs. Generally, the access to quality health care has been increased… Continue Reading...

Analects Of Confucius Philosophy

thought. Confucius was born in 551 a couple of centuries before Socrates taught ethics and logic. Confucius was being identified as the Chinese first teacher whose his ideas had been implemented in several countries in Eastern Asia that include Korea, Vietnam, Japan and Western civilization. The Analects is the selected sayings and ideas of Confucius, which he used to preach his philosophical thoughts. The Analects composed of more than 500 independent passages, which were divided into 20 books, and some of these books had separate bundles with the dominated themes. There are a group of the key contexts in… Continue Reading...

Management Dilemmas After Disasters

of the essence of HR departments in facilitating continued professional development on ethics. Revisiting education on ethics and updating content about these issues plays a critical role in epitomizing the significance of ethics among HR professionals. Matters such as behavior, ambition, and practical implications of these elements are discussed pertaining ethics (O'Connor, 2011). The media has remained vocal on controversial issues of business ethics. Additionally, these concerns have emerged from political and consumer groups, charity and religious organizations, and various professional bodies. The article engages the discussion on ethical dilemma concerning people management practice. Dilemmas that HR professionals face… Continue Reading...

Sexual Harassment in a Workplace Organization

of our entire society, associated with the common good" (The Importance of Business ethics: Chapter 1, n.d. p. 22). The ethical principles that made me feel compelled to take action in this case were based on the ethics I had learned through a variety of channels -- reflections of social values, family, school, and religious beliefs. In every one of these circles, I had always been taught that women deserve respect and not harassment. Therefore, I felt that the source of my ethical values was aligned with the society around me, which also taught that sexual harassment should not… Continue Reading...

Patient Negligence and Nursing Malpractice

progress of the health of the patients to reduce the conflict. ethics are important in the nursing practice because they regulate the works of the nurse. For example, keeping confidential information about the patient is an ethical practice. The increase in the number of court cases because of patient negligence helps the nurses to remain careful and to handle their work diligence (Walsh, 2015). A nurse learning from the daily mistakes and thus cases of negligence helps the nurses to remain vigilant. The patients have a right to receive services from the nurse. In contrast, a nurse has a… Continue Reading...

Social Work and Advocacy

create other problems. In terms of the varied perceptions of social work professionals, and how they reflect professional ethics, people assume social workers are able to help everyone all the time. While the aim is to help everyone, at times it can be difficult due to social policy. For example, if a recent immigrant requires assistance due to being in an abusive marriage, but is afraid to take public assistance due to potential problems with her son's visa, this can be a difficult situation. Although rules differ for abuse victims, social policy may make it difficult to get someone the… Continue Reading...

Classroom Observation

discussion. (Wilson & Peterson, 2006). The teacher is the champion of professional ethics in her practice. She adheres to both state and federal laws and uses the learning she acquires from professional training to enhance teaching and learning outcomes. She is the pace setter for both school and the learner improvement (Doe, 2010). The teacher collaborates with administrators, other school staff, the community and the parents. The teacher also serves as the benchmark for communication and use of English as a communication tool. The teacher sets the pace is as far as communication and speech content is concerned, dressing style… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making

and Honeywell. TMR program on Competition Policy in international markets. Jefferies Group LLC. (2017). Code of ethics. Jefferies. Nishith Desai Associates. (2016). Mergers & Acquisitions in India. Nishith Desai Associates. Sanjeev Kumar, G., & Sambit Kumar, M. (2013). An Overview of Mergers and Acquisitions. Journal of Indian Research, 95 - 102. Sayuk, D., Fricke, M., Naughtin, R., & Dugger, S. (2012). Tax compliance for acquisitions: Prepare before purchasing. Journal of Accountancy. Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

in the manner that is most effective for the long-term. The role of ethics has also become important in leadership, as the fall of corporations like Enron have shown a need for transparency, trust, authenticity and virtue among leaders to ensure success. Today's trends in leadership include ideas about how leaders should assist others to grow. Thus, many assumptions are still made in any leadership discussion -- the main one being that leaders always attempt to "empower others" (Conger, 1989, p.17). Leadership is also defined as the art of "instilling a sense of power" within follower and most leaders… Continue Reading...

Labor Laws and Employment Contracts

Moreover, it will attract competent employees to the company. This action is in line with the deontological theory of ethics that considers an action ethical if it is in line with an individual's duty to the organization. In the second case, Mitch requests the approval to fire his subordinate. The underlying reason for this request is the secretary refused to falsify expense reports for Mitch. In this case, the secretary cannot be fired due to public policy that is an exemption to the doctrine of willful employment. In essence, whatever the secretary was required to do was against the… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics During a Merger

measures include alerting the parties involved, and bringing the matter to the attention of the ethics Committee. Punitive measures begin with one warning. After the warning, the individual(s) who violate the policy will be subject to discipline at the discretion of human resources. Further violations will result in termination. Situation 2: Receiving Gifts It is understandable that gifts are a natural part of human interactions. We want to encourage long-term and healthy business relationships. Gifts are not necessarily problematic. However, there do need to be measures in place for investigating and reporting situations in which gifts are no longer… Continue Reading...

Nursing Problems

the records. As a nurse, keeping good records show professionalism and compliance to the nursing ethics. Notably, learning to keep records of the patients is a source of motivations because the nurse uses the records to monitor improvements in the health of the patient. The recording keeping is an act of professionalism for the nurse (Voyer et al. 2014). The body governing the nursing practices requires the nurses to keep a sound record to ensure the safety of the patients. The nurse uses the patient record to defend themselves from the lawsuits in case the patient appeal for a… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Project

http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/108008/chapters/Learning-Through-Reflection.aspx Dell'Angelo, T. (2014). Creating Classrooms for Social Justice. Retrieved from Edutopia: https://www.edutopia.org/blog/creating-classrooms-for-social-justice-tabitha-dellangelo Gluchmanova, M. (2015). The Importance of ethics in the Teaching Profession. Elsevier. Holtschlag, M. (2010). Using Community Resources to the Fullest. Retrieved from Michigan Family Review: http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.4919087.0006.104 Markovic, M., & Markovic, D. (2012). A New Model of Education: Development of Individuality through the Freedom of Learning. Retrieved from Eruditio: http://eruditio.worldacademy.org/article/new-model-education-development-individuality-through-freedom-learning Meador, D. (2015). The Importance of Maintaining Professionalism in Schools. Retrieved from ThoughtCo.: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-importance-of-maintaining-professionalism-in-schools-3194680 Morin, A. (2015). The Importance of Self-Awareness for Kids With Learning and Attention Issues. Retrieved from Understood.org: https://www.understood.org/en/friends-feelings/empowering-your-child/self-awareness/the-importance-of-self-awareness O'Brian, A. (2012, March 21). The… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

Land & Carmo-Silva, 2016). Speaking of company size, the topic of ethics came up and the owner manager explained that it is much easier to follow and enforce topics like utilitarianism, deontology, rights, duties and social contracts in a small business setting. However, his ability to devote a lot of money to entirely optional and cost-added corporate social responsibility efforts is much more constricted than it would be with a firm that has a much larger budget or pool of money (Grant, Arjoon & McGhee, 2017). He also has spoken to a lot of other small business owners as well… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

Barker, T. (2011). Police ethics: Crisis in law enforcement. Springfield, IL: Thomas. This book deals with problems experienced in law enforcement that demonstrate the inability of police officers to make lawful decisions. Chapter 8 deals specifically with police corruption and identifies three elements that exist in police corruption. The first is, the behave must be forbidden, the second is misuse of officer's position, and third, the reward. Although this chapter offers no study, it does provide a look into what the definition of corruption is along with… Continue Reading...

Hrm Leader

encompass a pending lawsuit on sexual harassment and discrimination as well as lack of diversity and ethics training programs. There is also ambiguity regarding the core values of the bank. Most of all Sally is worried regarding the building of a strategic plan for the branch. The purpose of this assignment is to give detailed explanations as to how Sally ought to bring change and competency as a HRM leader to the ABC Bank branch. Workforce The key issue that Sally has to grapple with is the decision as to which technology to acquire and whether she ought to… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dilemmas and Ethical Decision Making Framework

ethics are essential for organizational success. They influence the decisions made by the employees and managers on issues affecting the performance of the firm (Project Management Institute, n.d.). An organization that upholds ethical behaviors has a culture that fosters not only productivity but also excellence in service and product provision to its target markets. Managers are tasked with the role of ensuring that ethics are upheld in a firm. However, they often face a wide range of ethical dilemmas that demand… Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

1366. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00523-7 King, G. (1999). The Implications of an Organization's Structure on Whistleblowing. Journal of Business ethics, 20(4), 315 -- 326. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006028417000 Maguire, E. R. (2012). Organizational Structure in American Police Agencies: Context, Complexity, and Control. SUNY Press. Puffer, S. M. (2004). Changing organizational structures: An interview with Rosabeth Moss Kanter. The Academy of Management Executive, 18(2), 96 -- 105. https://doi.org/10.5465/AME.2004.13836355 Schminke, M., Cropanzano, R., & Rupp, D. E. (2002). Organization structure and fairness perceptions: The moderating effects of organizational level. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 89(1), 881 -- 905. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0749-5978(02)00034-1 Sollund, R. (2006). Mechanistic Versus Organic Organizations' Impact… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Considerations Intellectual Property and Product Safety

the strategies used may be written, some businesses use unwritten strategic marketing plans. Embracing marketing ethics makes sure that all stakeholders remain in a balanced and sustainable association. When ethical standards are violated by a business, it hurts the relationship that exists with the consumers and other important stakeholders. The drugs segment of business is even more sensitive because the products produced by such entities as PharmaCARE hold the potential to harm the consumer in significant ways if ethical and legal considerations are adhered to, to the letter and spirit. Owing to the dangers inherent in such products, international… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Business Information Systems

used to store and transmit information within thin the businesses environment. Information ethics: The Information ethics are the branch of ethics dealing the moral use of information systems in the corporate business environment. Intellectual Properties: The Intellectual properties are the information intellect or other products created by individuals or organizations and enjoying the monopoly, which is designated by law. Pirating: The concept is referred as the unauthorized use or access of other parties intellectual properties without an authorization. One of the best approach to tackle a research is to discuss the research problems. By discussing the research problem, the researcher… Continue Reading...

Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Marketing

Drink Legally or Ethically Responsible for the Death of Young People? ethics Sage. Retrieved from: http://www.ethicssage.com/2013/07/is-monster-drink-legally-or-ethically-responsible-for-the-death-of-young-people.html Richards, G., & Smith, A. P. (2016). A review of energy drinks and mental health, with a focus on stress, anxiety, and depression. Journal of caffeine research, 6(2), 49-63. Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Plato on Aquinas’s View Of the Soul

versa. The two philosopher, however, significantly differ on human mortality. Plato is mostly guided by religious ethics that lead man towards immortality and death is regarded as the soul being released from the dead weight of matter[footnoteRef:25]. However, Aristotle is guided by empirically based metaphysics that links human beings to the material and tangible world. As such, death seems to involve the destruction of nature and riddance of the individual, but Aristotle does not reject the possibility of the immortality of the soul. [25: Ibid., 214.] Aquinas adopts ideas of both Plato and Aristotle when explaining the soul concept.… Continue Reading...

A Good Man Is Hard to Find Flannery O'connor

human communication. Human beings not only speak different languages, but they also have different worldviews. Values, norms, and ethics are inherent to worldview. The idea of a “good man” to the grandmother or to Red Sammy is different from the idea of a “good man” held by any other character in the book, including the Misfit. The nihilistic theme of “A Good Man is Hard to Find” is related to human nature, and the universal tendency towards ignorance. The violent story and the dark ending imply that O’Connor might have herself cultivated a pessimistic worldview having encountered people as… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

ruler by which one could judge? This does not mean that Kant does not have a view on morality or ethics. His view ultimately was that ethics for an individual depended upon one’s duty. So for instance, if one’s duty was to be a soldier, would it not correlate that it was his ethical responsibility to kill the enemy? Morally speaking, the murder of his fellow human being would be justified by the person’s duty. For an individual whose duty was to be, say, a banker, murdering his fellow man would not correlate with his duty and thus would be… Continue Reading...

Issues Of Contemporary Logistics in Handy Andy

of compactor available for sale. This was meant to draw undue benefit from the customer. This is against business ethics and customer service norms. It is also against the Handy Andy way of conducting its business for the retailers to enter into unauthorized business dealing. 2. It appears that the factory distributors are exploiting the licensed retailers. Yet from what we can tell, Handy Andy in St. Louis has heard no complaints from the licensed retailers. Why wouldn’t they complain? The failure of the licensed retailers to contact Handy Andy as regards issues of exploitation can be attributed to… Continue Reading...

Karoru Ishikawa Contributions to Quality Control

will continually allude to Ishikawa, as manufacturing companies aim for greater standards for safety, environmental justice, and ethics. References Evans, J. R. (2014). Managing for Quality and Performance Excellence, 9th Edition Ishikawa, K. (1988). What is Total Quality Control? The Japanese Way. Trans. David J. Lu. Prentice Hall. Ishikawa, K. (1991). Guide to Quality Control. Asian Productivity Organization. Suzuki, K. (2015). Kaoru Ishikawa, The Man and Quality Control. Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers. Retrieved online: http://www.juse.jp/ishikawa/e/man/ Continue Reading...

Altruism Vs Rands Selfishness

master race, fit into this category. Still the primary problem with this view of altruism in relation to ethics and the reason why Rand refers to it as the default ethics of her day is because it is so broad it all but belies the need to have a true sense of ethics. If all one has to do is claim you authorized an action because it benefits another, one can do almost anything. The danger with this default is that it leaves little room for constructing true principles of morality which are specific, defining, and provide some sort of… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Sarbanes Oxley Act in Curbing Corporate Fraud

Insider. Retrieved from http://uk.businessinsider.com/tesco-fraud-trial-whistleblower-report-accouting-black-hole-2017-10?IR=T Smith, J.S. (2016). Accounting Information Systems: ethics, Fraudulent Behavior, and Preventative Measures. University Honors Program Theses. 178 Wells, J. T. (2017). Corporate fraud handbook: Prevention and detection. John Wiley & Sons. Young, M. R. (2013). Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection: Governance and Effective Practices. John Wiley & Sons.   Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning Institute of Leadership and Management. (2013). Managing Performance. New York, NY: Routledge Johnson, C.E. (2015). Organizational ethics: A Practical Approach (3rd). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Kleiman, L. (2012). Human Resource Management: A Managerial Tool for Competitive Advantage (6th ed.). Mason, OH: Kendall Hunt Publishing Company Levine, D.R. & Harris, P.R. (2004). Multicultural Law Enforcement: Strategies for Peacekeeping in a Diverse Society. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall MacVean, A. & Neyroud, P. (2012). Police ethics and Values. Washington, DC: SAGE Northouse, P. (2013). Leadership: Theory and Practice (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE. Patten,… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

1996 (HIPPA). It is also a precept of the American Medical Association’s Code of ethics and the Hippocratic Oath. The breach of confidentiality is unethical and illegal. Medical professionals are under the obligation of protecting the patient’s confidentiality. Confidentiality and privacy prohibit medical providers from unlawful disclosure of the patient’s information. Some of the inappropriate disclosures include discussing a patient’s case in the elevators or corridors, giving out extra copies of handouts from conferences while they contain identifiable patients’ details and any other possible leakage of information to unauthorized individuals (Beltran-Aroca et al. 52). In clinical practice, the patients’… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

poses several functional, technical and formal challenges. The first challenge has to do with ethics in public health. The Helsinki Declaration (Bourne 2015), is the oldest framework that provides guidelines on medical health ethics. The declaration insists that the patient must first be consulted before involving them or their data in a study. Legal and ethical concerns connected to online and social media collection of data, in particular have been discussed in a few articles and legal suits (Zimmer 2010). The ethical issues that researchers should explore were summarized by Bond et al (2013). The authors highlight the pertinent… Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

of work that the constitution gives judges is largely dependent on morality, ethics, and overall integrity of the individual judge. Unlike other political leaders, the judicial system has a role of self-regulation while rendering justice to the community. The ability to offer an impartial judgment largely depends on an individual moral ethics and integrity. Consequently, a judge whose integrity is questionable can easily be compromised and hence may not be able to give a fair ruling. On the contrary, other elective positions are not so much dependent on an individual’s judgment of facts and evaluation of law. Therefore, the… Continue Reading...

Organizational Analysis for Veterans Health Administration

quality of care offered by the employees. Employees trying to maintain their professional values and ethics will find it hard working with this theory. Regarding how the theory addresses diversity issues one can see that the theory is more focused on power and access to resources. With such a focus the organization is addressing diversity issues because it needs to have more experienced employees who tend to be older molding the younger inexperienced employees. Encouraging volunteers from different backgrounds and ages ensures that the organization has enough assistance to offer its services and deliver care to those who need… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Transcultural and the Amish Community

has been much admired and provides insight into how Americans outside of the Amish community can consider public healthcare ethics (Roher & Dundes, 2016, p. 92; Talpos, 2016). The Amish view healthcare largely as a matter of personal responsibility. Each person has a personal responsibility to follow a minimalist lifestyle in general, which essentially prevents some of the healthcare problems plaguing Americans. For example, smoking and drinking are prohibited in Amish communities (Cleveland Clinic, 2017). Surgical procedures, dental work, anesthesia, blood transfusions, and even some organ transplants are permitted but only when absolutely necessary (Cleveland Clinic, 2017). Relying on… Continue Reading...

Anthropological Observations at a Salad Bar

Foods positions itself as an ethical company, it is a kind of ethics that very few people can afford. However, the appealing nature of the ethics of Whole Foods is clearly compelling to many people, given the fact that the salad bar was so crowded. Even though Whole Foods may be exclusive in terms of cost, its popularity suggests that the types of diets and lifestyles it promotes are becoming more mainstream. Even if people do not wholly subscribe to the Whole Foods lifestyle, they may enjoy certain aspects of it, like the businessman who drank organic soda with… Continue Reading...

Mainstream Media and Science

B. (2013). Hype and public trust in science. Science and engineering ethics, 19(2), 321-335. Nisbet, M. C., & Dudo, A. (2013). Entertainment media portrayals and their effects on the public understanding of science. In Hollywood Chemistry: When Science Met Entertainment (pp. 241-249). American Chemical Society. Wired. (2012). The Best Fictional Scientists From TV and Movies. Retrieved 7 October 2017 from: https://www.wired.com/2012/01/best-fictional-scientists/ Continue Reading...

Technology and Education

I do believe this is an important invention that will not only promote animal ethics, but will also help the environment. The drawback is mainly financial: there are many people with a vested interest in the meat industry, and it is hard to imagine how the price point of a new invention could be affordable to the poorest members of society. 2. In this course, I have considered all the ramifications of technological advancements. We learned a little about artificial intelligence, which I previously did not know much about. Also, I considered some of the ethical dimensions of technology,… Continue Reading...

Political Science

are more common than others. Just a few that come to mind include the ethics of congressional staff, whether third party candidates could or should be a viable option and the demarcation that could or should exist between federal and state authority. For each of these three major examples, there will be an example given of such a thing and an analysis of the overall paradigm and question. While there are some ideas and concepts that make a lot of sense to the common voter, the people in Washington seem to be less than inclined to listen. Analysis One… Continue Reading...

Religion in Plato Euthyphro

of human rights and freedoms. These universal human values and ethics can therefore undergird social norms and laws, preventing recourse to superstition and religion as excuses for human rights abuses. As modern society shifts towards a new moral order based on secular values rather than on religious doctrine, the concept of piety as it is elucidated in Plato’s Euthyphro is the most important concept to be integrated into the Socratic Citizenship Initiative. In Plato’s Euthyphro, both Socrates and Euthyphro exemplify the need for a universal moral order, one that transcends either church or state. At one point in Euthyphro,… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Ethics

the right to terminate a pregnancy? Or does abortion contradict ethics and moral standards that govern society and human beings? The conflict at the heart of the abortion argument is one of rights vs. ethics. On the one hand, those who support for abortion rights say that a woman has the right to choose. On the other hand, those who do not support abortion rights, say that the woman has a duty to carry the child to term because of an ethical and moral obligation. This paper will show how according to ethical and moral perspectives, life should be… Continue Reading...

Marketing and Sales Ethics

the scope of the marketer to understand for certain whether someone is informed or not. To determine the ethics of a marketing action based on whether nor that action targets the informed necessarily relies on knowing the target's level of knowledge. In the vast majority of cases, one simply cannot know, and the cost to ascertain such level of knowledge would make the act of marketing cost prohibitive. In the real world, all the marketer can do is to target the target market, and maintain honesty and integrity with the messaging. If anything, the marketer can play the role… Continue Reading...

Does the Truth Matter?

3). The reporter’s brief, unconventional career definitely features prominently in media ethics works and journalism conferences. It signifies “a calamity for all of American journalism” for several years (Calvert and Robert 4) Works cited Calvert, Clay, and Robert D. Richards. "Journalistic Malpractice: Suing Jayson Blair and the New York Times for Fraud and Negligence." Fordham Intell. Prop. Media & Ent. LJ14 (2003):1. Barry Dan, Barstow David, Glater Jonathan D., Liptak Adam & Steinberg Jacques. CORRECTING THE RECORD; Times Reporter Who Resigned Leaves Long Trail of Deception. 11 May 2003 Sullivan, Margaret. “Opinion | Repairing the Credibility Cracks After Jayson Blair.” The… Continue Reading...

Obama’s First Year in Office

on the dangers of cigarettes to public health. Obama supported new ethics and transparency policies and made the Supreme Court more diverse by appointing a left-leaning Hispanic female judge to the bench (Antle, Loewe). Finally, what shows the extent to which Obama was truly viewed as a proponent of change in the White House is the fact that he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on October 9th, 2009. While many Americans thought that Obama had not done anything yet to deserve this award, its reception indicated that the Nobel Committee viewed Obama’s promises and pledges as good signs… Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

Hydraulic fracturing and shale gas production: technology, impacts, and policy. Argonne National Laboratory. Cotton, M. (2017). Fair fracking? ethics and environmental justice in United Kingdom shale gas policy and planning. Local Environment, 22(2), 185-202. Davis, C. (2012). The politics of “fracking”: Regulating natural gas drilling practices in Colorado and Texas. Review of Policy Research, 29(2), 177-191. Evensen, D. T. (2015). Policy decisions on shale gas development ('fracking'): the insufficiency of science and necessity of moral thought. Environmental Values, 24(4), 511-534. Ferrell, S. L., & Sanders, L. (2013). Natural gas extraction: Issues and policy options. National Agricultural and Rural Development Policy Center. Finkel, M., Hays, J., & Law, A.… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shortages

and space in expanding the study to be any more representative of the total population of nurses. ethics All participants will be voluntary participants and their personal information will be kept anonymous. No names or ages will be taken from the participants—only the information requested in the questionnaire. Conclusion This study aims to answer the question of whether staffing shortages are related to education levels by using linear regression analysis to analyze data obtained from a sample of local nurses in the region. The data will be used to show if education level has predictive power over staffing shortages. Implications… Continue Reading...

Education Setting and Special Education Accommodation

list she made and posted clearly behind her desk. This list was of all the main ethics of comportment in the classroom. The first thing on the list was “do no harm.” Others included “respect others,” and “learn from someone who disagrees with you today.” One of the items on the list was, “It is OK to be shy.” The teacher said that she clearly outlines her expectations, and relies a lot on the students to create a strong normative environment. Communicate in Culturally Consistent Ways: The teacher was adept at using culturally consistent communication, and altered her manner… Continue Reading...

Enron Fraud

and maybe avoid jail time. This is a different form of ethics, one relating to cultural norms. In most cultures, the norm is really that if you do something wrong, that is one thing, but if you get caught you at least have to accept that reality and live with it. To try to cover up your actions, and avoid punishment when you know you did something illegal is often considered to be almost a more egregious ethical violation. Furthermore, this violation of ethical norms is different from the original act because there are no shareholder interests whatsoever, as… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

ethical problems for doing biotechnology research are actually well designed studies, suitable cooperation with ethics commissions and respecting of rights of subjects (both of animal and human rights) in research. Introduction The growth of significant improvements in biomedical technologies, like gamete and SC research, testing of genetics, and embryo donation and therapy, have paved way to the reclassification of what defines life. In the developed world, the ethical and emotional disputes surrounding these systems have been considerable. Throughout the Muslim community, the result has been just as fraught with religious and moral concerns, and also with a comparable loss… Continue Reading...

Universal Religions and the History Of the World

areas of individual, family and community lives. For example, universal religions propagated specific social norms, morals, and ethics, and became one of the fundamental means of establishing laws. Universal religions also became linked with culture and ethnicity, providing a means by which people forged collective and individual identities. Yet unlike ancient religions, universal religions did not limit their scope to specific geo-political terrain. Believers would spread universal religions far beyond the place where they originated. Universal religions were believed to possess transcendent truths, which could be communicated to and received by people from various cultures, ethnicities, backgrounds, and belief… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

all societies. If there could be some way to make the peptide readily available and administered according to ethics of autonomy and self-determination, people might be more prone overall to making more prosocial decisions and behaving in ways that are altruistic. It is a long way away before such an idealistic program of changing human society would be feasible. In the meantime, it makes sense to use the information on oxytocin to capitalize on innate desires to do good for others. References Marsh, N., Scheele, D., Gerhardt, H., et al (2015). The neuropeptide oxytocin induces a social altruism bias.… Continue Reading...

Wildlife Conservation Issues

the efforts of zoos. References Keulartz, J. (2015). Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental ethics. 28(2), 335-351. Kobilinsky, D. (2016). New live cam technology might help conservation. http://wildlife.org/Accessed August 13, 2016, at http://wildlife.org/new-live-cam-technology-might-help-conservation/. Continue Reading...

Cisco Ethics Idol Case Study

The relevance of ethics and corporate social responsibility cannot be overstated. This is more so the case given that a business that has in place an effective ethics and CSR framework is likely to develop a reputation as a responsible entity and minimize the regulatory burden (Andersen, 2004). It is for this reason that most companies take ethics and CSR undertakings seriously. Cisco is one such company. In a bold move, the company developed ethics Idol as a more engaging and exciting alternative… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Using Bilingual Call Compared to Family Interpreters Research Paper

sexual health, and mental health may be difficult for the family interpreter to address with the necessary code of ethics. Professional interpreters, on the contrary, are trained to professionally handle such issues in an ethical manner which is acceptable to both the provider, the patient and does not compromise the clinical context. Culturally Neutral The patients may be culturally bound not to talk about on some issues such as death which is a taboo. Such challenges also arise in the case of grim information about their health condition if they are responsible within a hierarchical family system (Niki, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

What comes to mind when I think of “ ethics” and “morality” are the rules and principles that I try to live by in my everyday life. I would define ethics as the set of codes I hold that describe what is right and wrong. I would define morality as the degree to which one abides by an ethical standard. I think that there are all different sorts of ethical standards; for instance, one might have a sense of a natural law, or one might hold an ethical standard that… Continue Reading...

Morality Relativism and Beliefs

relativism is like a thread that runs through all thinking about ethics and morality. As Goodman (2010) points out, relativism is not even necessarily the right way to think about conflicts in how we view the morality of actions. Context is actually more appropriate, and putting things into the right context can help people to better understand if one is being contradictory or rather if one is being discriminating. For example, Goodman (2010) states that “murder is wrong because it destroys a human subject. Warfare is not always wrong; it may be necessary to protect such subjects” (p. 88).… Continue Reading...

Physician Assisted Suicide and Ethics

(2009). Reporting on euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the Netherlands. BMC Med ethics, 10(18), 10-18. DSM-5. (n.d.). Suicidal behavior disorder. Retrieved from https://www.theravive.com/therapedia/suicidal-behavior-disorder-dsm-5 Kamisar, Y. (1998). Physician-assisted suicide: the problems presented by the compelling, heartwrenching case. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88(3), 1121-1146. Washington v. Glucksberg. (2015). CaseBriefs. Retrieved from http://www.casebriefs.com/blog/law/constitutional-law/constitutional-law-keyed-to-sullivan/substantive-due-process-rise-decline-revival/washington-v-glucksberg-7/2/ Continue Reading...

Morals and Ethics in Nursing

The conceptual framework that I feel best helps to explain ethics, morals and laws is that found in the Aristotelian framework, which stipulates that ethics describe the theoretical beliefs and standards that are held individually or in a society, morality describes the behavior or activity of an individual or society, and laws refer to what is prohibited or what one has the right to do in society according to the government (Kristjansson, 2014; Chowdhury, 2016). Building on this framework in the modern era is the utilitarian framework which holds that a community should pursue the common good—i.e., the greatest… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

S. (2018). The Five Hardest Lessons from the O.J. Trial. Scu.edu. Retrieved 4 February 2018, from https://www.scu.edu/ ethics/focus-areas/more/resources/the-five-lessons-of-the-oj-trial/ Zedner, L., & Ashworth, A. (2012). Principles and values in criminal law and criminal justice: essays in honour of Andrew Ashworth. Oxford [etc.]: Oxford University Press.   Continue Reading...

Teamwork Training Theme and Leadership

planning and foresight (Heal, 2008). Approaches for introduction of the topic of ethics or ethical behavior in the Teamwork Training Project 1. Use a system of awareness. Employees that observe the roles acquired from teamwork training should be rewarded and recognized so as to motivate them and encourage others to follow suit and observe the prescribed ethical code. Examine two (2) aspects of teamwork training that change a person into a transformational leader. Justify your response 1. Teamwork training enables a person to blend in a better way with other members of staff. It also helps one to identify their… Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

observations and experience. For instance, Flynn maintains that, “Secular humanism propounds a rational ethics based on human experience.”[footnoteRef:8] The secular humanism worldview also includes a means for evaluating the ethnicity of choices that are made by people that are based on such experiential outcomes as guided by rationality and drawing on scientific principles and knowledge. In this regard, according to Flynn, “[Secular humanism] is consequentialist: ethical choices are judged by their results. Secular humanist ethics appeals [sic] to science, reason, and experience to justify its ethical principles.”[footnoteRef:9] [8: Tom Flynn (2017). ‘Secular humanism’s unique selling proposition.’ Council for Secular… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

the culture that the modern era has festered. In a simpler age, where virtue and ethics were more normative and universal than they sometimes seem today, stakeholders in that community’s government may have found it possible to arrive at a different conclusion. Conclusion Even though it may appear ironic to those who oppose the death penalty, capital punishment as a deterrent for murder is a prerogative of the state to enforce its law. It is important, however, that the law is aligned with the values of society and that the moral order is represented in the state’s rule of… Continue Reading...

The Four Control System Steps

The Principle of Good Faith: Toward Substantive Stakeholder Engagement. Journal of Business ethics, (2), 283. doi:10.1007/s10551-013-1697-z Divol, R., & Fleming, T. (2012). The evolution of work: One company's story. McKinsey Quarterly, (4), 111-115. Hopp, W. J., Iravani, S. R., & Liu, F. (2009). Managing white-collar Work: An operations-oriented survey. Production & Operations Management, 18(1), 1-32. doi:10.1111/j.1937-5956.2009.01002.x Maurits, E. E., Veer, A. J., Groenewegen, P. P., & Francke, A. L. (2017). Home-care nursing staff in self-directed teams are more satisfied with their job and feel they have more autonomy over patient care: a nationwide survey. Journal of Advanced Nursing, (10), 2430. doi:10.1111/jan.13298 Study.com. "Control… Continue Reading...

Utilitarianism and Environmentalism in Ethics

Introduction Is utilitarianism an effective approach to environmental ethics? Behaviors that demonstrate personal and collective responsibility to the environment can lead to tangible short-term and long-term objectives that benefit a large number of people. Reducing pollution, limiting deforestation, preserving natural resources, protecting sensitive ecosystems, and mitigating climate change bring about the greatest good for the greatest number, what John Stuart Mill (2017) refers to as summum bonum, the fundamental principle of utilitarianism (p. 1). Therefore, most environmentally conscious policies, business practices, and personal behaviors can be viewed in… Continue Reading...

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics and Virtue Ethics

Unlike either deontological or utilitarian ethics, virtue ethics focuses on character. Because virtue ethics are not consequentialist, overall virtue ethical frameworks are more akin to deontological analysis of moral right and wrong. One’s intentions are as important as one’s actions; the consequences of one’s actions are important but not as much as remaining honest, compassionate, and willing to learn. At the same time, Aristotle and other proponents of virtue ethics believed that it is most important to be a good person, and to live a good life,… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Research and Pros and Cons

presenting the results in written reports. As a researcher, my worldview includes a commitment to ethics and integrity. The funds spent on research should be used as wisely as possible, so that studies are not frivolous but have practical value. When studies use mixed methods, they are more likely to illuminate a problem and help policymakers make informed, evidence-based decisions. For this reason, I have become more interested in developing my skills in both qualitative and quantitative methods. Familiarity with both methods also helps me to become a more informed consumer of information. When I come across studies that use… Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

literature of the Victorian era reflected trends towards socialist ethics. The proletariat, the working classes, became more keenly aware of how the owners of the means of production were exploiting their labor by placing arbitrary values on their wages. Nowhere was the philosophy of socialism and communism explained more cogently and rationally than in The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels had their finger on the pulse of the social, cultural, and political revolutions taking place throughout Europe. Marx viewed the changes as being evolutionary in nature: as a progression from one type of government to another. Imperialism gave way… Continue Reading...

How the Internet Has Changed Society

consumers as consumers have more access to information. Consumers have more information about corporate ethics and social responsibility, which can pressure companies to perform more ethically to respond to consumer demand. Also, the Internet enables consumers to access real-time pricing information, which potentially keeps prices more competitive. Businesses have capitalized widely on the ability to market products and services to customers more broadly and cheaply than ever before, and to reach target audiences and niche markets more easily. Political Implications. The political implications of the Internet have been discussed much especially since the Arab Spring and the presumed role… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Strategy Implementation at the Coca-cola Corporation

appears to be succeeding in balancing mutual adjustment and standardization. ethics and code of conduct A guidebook for all employees to study and internalize how everyone in the company should operate is provided. If there is a case of improper conduct, the culpable employee is subjected to disciplinary action. Mutual adjustment has increased in the company’s operations. The turnover of staff has reduced (Chokheli, 2015). Following the changes initiated by Isdell, the company has started witnessing faster growth. Indeed, the equity return for stock traders moved from a negative return to 20% (Narayan, 2010). Such a balance is critical because… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

between officers and civilians. References McCartney, S. & Parent, R. (2012). Police subculture. ethics in Law Enforcement. https://opentextbc.ca/ethicsinlawenforcement/chapter/8-1-police-culture/ Nhan, J. (2014). Police culture. The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. DOI: 10.1002/9781118517383.wbeccj371 “Police Culture,” (n.d.). http://sociologyindex.com/police_culture.htm “The Police Culture,” (n.d.). https://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/38432_4.pdf “The Police Culture and Work Stress,” (n.d.). https://us.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/77481_cox_ch_8.pdf Yan, H. & Mier, A. (2016). States require more training time to become a barber than a police officer. CNN. 28 Sept 2016. https://www.cnn.com/2016/09/28/us/jobs-training-police-trnd/index.html Continue Reading...

Thematic Integration Of Faith, Learning and Business

those who succeed big. The research supports a connection between religiousness and a high level of business ethics (Wong, 2008). Business ethics are key to not just success in business, but longevity as well. While shady business practices might be profitable in the short-term, even if the short-term is ten years, for example, such behavior is never something that is sustainable. As the Bible states, “for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. For he that soweth to his flesh shall of the flesh reap” (Galatians 6:7, New King James). Such a quote demonstrates how kindness, humility and faith… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Business Ethics

Introduction In today’s globalized, interconnected, and interdependent business environment, ethics are more important than ever. Both internal and external operations need to be guided by ethical principles. ethics are important for the self-interest of the company and its employees, helping to strengthen relationships with clients and prevent conflicts that could damage strategic alliances. Utilitarian ethics Utilitarian ethical frameworks are especially applicable to the modern business environment. The fundamental principles of utilitarianism include maximizing happiness, minimizing unpleasantness, and promoting the greatest good for the greatest number of people (Mill, 2017). Utilitarian ethics also focus… Continue Reading...

Babies Born from Transplanted Uteruses Ethics

procedure, though, and one that has raised some questions about the efficacy and ethics of this remarkable intervention. However, as long as full disclosure is made to patients, who make their decisions autonomously and with informed consent, transplanted uterine deliveries should certainly be an option for women. In Favor Of There are several strong arguments in favor of offering this medical marvel to women who wish it. The strongest argument in favor of transplanted uterus births is the ethic of patient autonomy. A woman who has access to a medical procedure, who is informed about the pros and cons… Continue Reading...

Advance Practice Nursing Ethics Disclosure

patient and a willingness to accept professional responsibility. Consequentialist ethics do not apply to situations like these, because the broader issue is about changing advanced nursing practice and ensuring a culture of safety for all patients. Likewise, disclosure empowers the patient to make informed choices about reactions to the medical error while encouraging the healthcare team to do whatever necessary to reduce errors from occurring in the future. The best strategies for reducing medical errors include ongoing professional training of all staff, correcting organizational culture barriers, and the implementation of a set of specific protocols for medication administration. Summary… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

of history needs to shift to the indigenous perspective, the shift of philosophy on Hawaiian ethics and values, and the shift of arts and literature on Hawaiian culture. University organizational culture and structure may also be able to change to reflect Hawaiian values, respecting the need for collaborative leadership and affirmative action. To develop leaders for a Hawaiian place of learning, leaders need access to structures, institutions, and cultures that are meaningful to them and which enable them to put their ideas into action. The organizational culture can change to better reflect Hawaiian knowledge and ‘Ike Hawaii, thereby preventing… Continue Reading...

Professional and Personal Development in Education

Acting With Integrity and Fairness Reflecting on personal ethics encourages the educator to be self-aware and make improvements. Acting with integrity and fairness promotes a culture of accountability within the school because each teacher remains committed to taking responsibility and for collaborating with others to achieve common goals. Integrity is not just about conforming to “simplistic notions of right and wrong,” but making difficult decisions with multiple variables (Gorlewski, Gorlewski & Ramming, 2012, p. 1). Fairness implies the ability to weigh different variables, set priorities, and remain committed to student-centered goals. Minority viewpoints need to be… Continue Reading...

Colonial Conflict in Africa

recognized, nonetheless, that leisure was a way to cultivate attitudes and ethics within the African people—and for that reason film as well as sport were of immense interest to the British as they sought to develop the African people into subjects they felt would be more amenable to the colonial rule of law. As Fair (1997) notes, “playing football for the neighbourhood team was not a passing diversion for young children but a passionate part of becoming a male adult in post war Zanzibar” (p. 243). Yet even here, as the British promoted and fostered the athletic spirit among… Continue Reading...

Bible Patriarchy Paul and Ephesians Metaphor

slavery. Neither misogyny nor slavery have any part to play in Christian ethics. Matera (n.d.) suggests that preachers can work with this passage in several ways, first by frankly addressing it with their congregations. To directly confront its underlying assumptions is to show the congregation how their own lives might reflect lingering remnants of the patriarchal past. Preachers can therefore use the text as a springboard for discussion about social justice, ethics, and the importance of changing social norms so that they improve to be aligned more perfectly with God’s will. Also, preachers can use this text as an example… Continue Reading...

Role Of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications

E.T., Jr. (2012). Striving for legitimacy through corporate social responsibility: Insights from oil companies. Journal of Business ethics, 110(4), 413-427. Eberle, D., Berens, G., & Li, T. (2013). The impact of interactive corporate social responsibility communication on corporate reputation. Journal of Business ethics, 118(4), 731-746. Grinnell, R. M. & Unrau, Y. A. (2009). Social work research and evaluation: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. New York: Oxford University Press. Lee, K., Oh, W.-Y., & Kim, N. (2013). Social Media for socially responsible firms: Analysis of Fortune 500's Twitter profiles and their CSR/CSIR ratings. Journal of Business ethics, 118(4), 791-806. Rim, H.,… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

parts of a society, group or organization. It is the complex arrangement of beliefs, values, ethics, communications, and actions of a people, group, organization or society. Cultures have changed throughout time because of various influences—money, power, sex, philosophy, ideas, tools, revelation: all of these factors have played a part in shaping cultures in history. Whether one is looking at the culture of China in 1000 AD or the culture of Athens during the Peloponnesian Wars, one can gauge the mindset of the people by examining how the groups within these places responded to these variables. To understand humankind at… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

Hook Sentence “In the mid-1800s abortion was a hot-button issue as it is today, but not because of religion, ethics or politics, but because of concerns regarding poisoning” (Reagan, 1998). Introduction “In the mid-1800s abortion was a hot-button issue as it is today, but not because of religion, ethics or politics, but because of concerns regarding poisoning” (Reagan, 1998). In those days, people did not believe that human life existed at conception: it was only when the movements of the fetus were experienced did they believe there to be human life (Reagan, 1998). Even the Catholic Church upheld this viewpoint.… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

principles that are reasonable—based on the inherent divinity of logic and reason and not scripture. Jefferson’s humanistic approach to ethics hearkens to the principles espoused by Socrates, which is why the Declaration of Independence is both neoclassical and Romantic in scope. 4. The Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen are two similar documents based on similar universal ethical principles. Both documents are grounded in the assumption that there are universal human rights, which in Jefferson’s terms are “inalienable.” The rights of human beings are unconditional, designed to be universally applied… Continue Reading...

Leadership in Global and Multicultural Organizations Essay

Further, the article discusses the taxonomy of global leadership competencies and meta-competencies. In this respect, they discuss how ethics in the highly diverse cultural workplaces can be taught and the leaders need to conform to adapt to the needs of the organization and how this adaptation can be achieved. The article discusses how leadership competencies no longer confine to the behavior or personality or the values and knowledge, but those qualities that enable one to perform effectively in an environment outside their own nation and organizational culture. It is noteworthy how the article goes further to give how one… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs. Practice in Small Business Setting Essay

easier for a different or larger firm (Fernandes, Land & Carmo-Silva, 2016). Speaking of company size, the topic of ethics came up and the owner manager explained that it is much easier to follow and enforce topics like utilitarianism, deontology, rights, duties and social contracts in a small business setting. However, his ability to devote a lot of money to entirely optional and cost-added corporate social responsibility efforts is much more constricted than it would be with a firm that has a much larger budget or pool of money (Grant, Arjoon & McGhee, 2017). He also has spoken to a… Continue Reading...

Leadership Essay (free Example)

where tomorrow’s leaders will come from.  Training young people to embrace the challenges, responsibilities, duties, and ethics of effective leadership is now seen as an essential part of the overall grooming of the next generation of leaders. Leadership for Students Students can develop leadership skills by applying to and taking part in youth programs that focus on acquiring leadership techniques, ideas, and qualities.  These programs are often spearheaded by organizations, after-school program administrators, church groups, organizational development teams, clubs, and other activities-related enterprises.  Students can participate in these programs beginning at a very early age:  Boy Scouts of America,… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

Nation, 272(9), 19. Beckwith, F. J. (2001, Fall). Taking abortion seriously: A philosophical critique of the new anti-abortion rhetorical shift. ethics & Medicine, 17(3), 155-159. Borgmann, C. E. (2013, Winter). Roe V. Wade's 40th anniversary: A moment of truth for the anti abortion-rights movement? Stanford Law & Policy Review, 24(1), 245-254. Clinic violence. (2017). NARAL Pro-Choice America. Retrieved from https://prochoice.org/. Crescio, A. (2015, January 1). Abortion: A threat to the actualization of the mother. The Human Life Review, 41(1), 57-61. Echevarria, L. (2013, Summer). Pro-abortion rhetoric: From "pro-choice" to.? The Human Life Review. 39(3), 27-31. French, J. (2016, December 8).… Continue Reading...

Genentech Book Analysis Business Science

industry, which eventually became heavily and inextricably entrenched in genetic science. Hughes also covers the theme of ethics: especially the conflicts of interest that can arise between the altruistic aims of academia and applied science and the commercial goals of a profit-driven enterprise. Hughes offers an overview and history of the firm, which was created in 1976 by Herbert Boyer and Robert Swanson. In fact, the partnership between Boyer and Swanson is one of the main reasons for the success of Genentech. Boyer was the brains behind the business as the microbiology professor at the University of California. It… Continue Reading...

The Volkswagen Emissions Scandal

Professional ethics and Responsibilities: The Volkswagen Emissions Scandal In what was deemed a major blunder on the part of VW’s executives, and a blot to the long-term reputation of the Volkswagen Company, the Volkswagen emissions scandal was uncovered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which had found out that “many VW cars being sold in America had a ‘defeat device’ – or software – in diesel engines that could detect when they were being tested, changing the performance accordingly to improve the results” (Hotten, 2015). Thanks to the… Continue Reading...

Patient Centered Care in Healthcare Nursing

and outreach to treatment, information is offered in ways that empower the patient and promote the ethics of patient autonomy, dignity, and respect for the individual. Education and information are viewed as systemic issues, requiring a multidisciplinary team that may include information technology specialists, dedicated information officers, and healthcare workers. Systems theory encourages administrators and practitioners alike to value patient information and education, and to consider ways of improving patient-centered information and education services. Strategy for Increasing Patient-Centeredness Technology is the key for increasing patient-centeredness in education and information. However, patients and families also need to access information and… Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics

Virtue ethics and reasoning for the scenario Virtue ethics is the ethical strategy preferred. Efficient leaders and true professionals strive at achieving moral excellence which encompasses integrity, justice, valor and good sense. In the present day, virtue ethics constitutes one among the three key normative ethics strategies. Primarily, it can be considered a strategy which stresses moral fiber or virtues, contrary to consequentialism (which focuses on the consequences one’s actions have) or deontology (which stresses rules or duties). The virtue ethics strategy is agent-based in nature, concentrating on a… Continue Reading...

Latinos and Deportation Arrests

fostered an “America First” platform that sought to place the problems of the American community, economy, ethics and justice on the backs of Latinos in a way that made them seem remarkably like a scapegoat for the presidential hopeful. With Trump’s election, the campaign pledges became promises that would be kept. As the Associated Press reported in February 2018, “people arrested by deportation officers increasingly have no criminal backgrounds, according to figures released Friday, reflecting the Trump administration’s commitment to cast a wider net.” As Trump intersected race with justice from the beginning of his campaign, the rise in… Continue Reading...

Toys ‘r’ Us Closures

Though Toys ‘R’ Us has recently announced bankruptcy and closures of its stores, a business ethics situation has arisen related to the compensation packages given by the company to its executives. As Held (2017) points out, “a bankruptcy judge has granted struggling retailer Toys R Us permission to pay millions of dollars in bonuses to executives after the company argued it was necessary to motivate its top brass during the critical holiday shopping season.” The problem, as Judy Robbins of the Justice Department’s U.S. Trustee Program has shown, is one of accountability. Ethically speaking, the bankruptcy… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Of Intellectual Property Rights

people are behaving unethically by utilitarianism, and probably by deontological ethics as well, in denying superior outcomes to others. b) People absolutely should develop devices and software to remove digital rights restrictions. I do not think that anybody has an ethical or legal obligation to do so, however. That would seem to imply that anybody capable of developing such tools has a right or obligation to develop them, and I disagree with that. Each person has talents, and there are probably millions of people with the particular talent to develop such tools. The reality is that each person should… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

other core areas will be motivated by public health outcomes and social justice ethics. City Hall has expressed interest in the Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities project for several reasons. Expressions of Interest Good for Business One of the reasons why City Hall has committed to the proposal for Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities is that participation improves the brand identity of the city, attracts investors, stimulates tourism, and promotes overall economic development. The case studies in Asia and Latin America show how similar initiatives at the local level have achieved financial objectives, reducing unnecessary healthcare burdens while also stimulating economic development in… Continue Reading...

Jewish Ethics

The Scope of Jewish ethics When one thinks of the ethics of any religion, behavior of the individual often comes to mind initially. However, the behavior of the micro informs the macro, as the creators of the code of Jewish ethics are well aware. This paper will examine the scope of Jewish ethics as they pertain to the economic and health spheres, two arenas where there needs to be strong connections to ethical codes. The scope of Jewish ethics pertains to all arenas and subjects where the… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Criminal Justice

in nature. There are specific, immediate challenges to research ethics when investigations are being conducted in the midst of conflict, war, or abject poverty. Nouwen (2014) urges researchers to cultivate self-awareness, sensitivity, empathy, and professionalism when conducting politically sensitive research from vulnerable populations. Moreover, Nouwen (2014) advises the application of anthropological paradigms and data collection methods to study structural variables in nuanced, multifaceted ways. Other ethical conundrums that may arise during the course of criminal justice research include “research fatigue,” presuming a colonialist/exploitative approach to gathering data without giving back to the community or individuals being interviewed, and the… Continue Reading...

United Kingdom Freedom Of Expression Within the Social Media

Media Warfare: Equal Weapons for All, CRC Press, New York, NY. Lewis, J & Crick, P (ed.) 2014, Media Law and ethics in the 21st Century: Protecting Free Expression and Curbing Abuses, Macmillan International Higher Education, New York, NY. McGoldrick, D 2013, The Limits of Freedom of Expression on Facebook and Social Networking Sites: A UK Perspective, Human Rights Law Review, 13(1), pp. 125–151. Melville-Brown 2013, Public Figures, Private Lives, viewed 28 April 2018, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/public-figures-private-lives-122177.html Rowbottom, J.H 2012, To Rant, Vent and Converse: Protecting Low Level Digital Speech, Cambridge Law Journal, 71(2), pp. 112-119. Scaife, L 2017, Social Networks as the New Frontier of… Continue Reading...

Digital Rights Management Ethical Dilemmas

have the right to access the latest journals on intellectual property ethics, regardless of what Elsevier wishes, if they will take that knowledge and benefit humanity through contributions to the conversation? I say that they do. Creators of Bypass People who create bypass mechanisms clearly fall into category B. They are often those driven by ethical duty to create these mechanisms. They behave in line with their ethical duty, even when that duty specifically contradicts the ethical values of the majority – or in many cases simply those who influence lawmaking in a few select countries. There is an… Continue Reading...

Mel Gibson

and persuasive. The director aims to shape audience attitudes about the political themes and character ethics displayed on screen. Gibson does this in Braveheart and Apocalypto, and perhaps even more so in The Passion of the Christ and in Hacksaw Ridge. Braveheart and Apocalypto are not unique in that audiences have already heard stories about the brave hero who subverts the status quo and leads his people to a better world. What makes Passion and Hacksaw Ridge different is that Gibson also wants audiences to identify strongly with an ironic pacifism: what for Christ could even be considered a… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

the ethical challenges. There will be caution to ensure that the research is done in line with medical ethics that puts life first. There will be full disclosure of information and consent of the patient sought before enrolling into the research. There will be adherence to the guidelines of the hospital and continuous monitoring to ensure the research does not in any way compromise the health of the participant negatively or the medication process and timing. Limitations of the study The research limitations goes to the extent of numbers since the indwelling urinary catheter is not a common medical… Continue Reading...

Physician Assisted Suicide Arguments Both Sides

Assignment 1: Is physician-assisted suicide morally acceptable when a person is suffering from a painful, incurable, terminal condition?  Premise 1: Physician-assisted suicide is not morally acceptable under any circumstances. According to the American Medical Association (2018), “permitting physicians to engage in assisted suicide would ultimately cause more harm than good,” (p. 1). The reasoning behind the AMA’s position is threefold. First, the AMA (2018) claims that physician-assisted suicide is “incompatible with the physician’s role as healer,” (p. 1). Second, the AMA points out that there are too many ways the process can be abused. As alternatives to physician-assisted suicide, the… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Discrimination in Health Care System

basis of music only. When the health care system embraces diversity, medical ethics and uses the above CLAS standards, there will be great improvements in the health care services offered to the patients in the US. References CTMHP, (2010). Faces of Disparity Video. http://www.ctmhp.org/press/faces-of-disparity-video/ Hall J.W. et.al, (2015). Implicit Racial/Ethnic Bias Among Health Care Professionals and Its Influence on Health Care Outcomes: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Public Health.Vol.105. No.12.   Continue Reading...

Gmo Food Safety

fairly robust. Food safety is not the only thing to consider – there are ethics associated with biodiversity, control of the food supply, and those sorts of more moralistic considerations. But there is another thought – judging this decision on the merits of science, there is no evidence of harm from the consumption of GMO foods, but there is quite a bit of evidence against the consumption of meat, of sugar, of highly processed foods, and of the excess sodium found in many foods today. I would allow my children to consume GMO foods. There's nothing wrong with choosing… Continue Reading...

Kraft Foods Canada Targeting the Millennials

any significant nutritional value. However, Kraft Singles can capitalize on the two other attributes of taste and convenience. ethics—both environmental and animal ethics—are also challenges. Kraft Singles needs to overcome the problems inherent in purporting to be socially conscious while selling a product that depends on factory farm dairies and plastic-wrapped processed cheese. To overcome these challenges, the Kraft Singles division has several options with the following alternatives. Alternatives There are several alternatives the company can take in the overall strategy of repositioning Kraft Singles. One is to target emotions like sentimentality, linking Kraft Singles to the comforts of home,… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams Challenges and Solutions

Today, team members could, in addition to having different backgrounds and work ethics, also come from any corner of the world and have significantly varying work schedules. This presents many unique challenges for today’s managers and business leaders. In essence, “the successful introduction of a virtual team and its management requires knowledge about the special characteristics of this team and the effective handling of challenges” (Szewc, 2014, p. 67). To begin with, communication happens to be one of the most veritable challenges in the management of virtual teams. This is more so the case given that unlike traditional on-site… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against Physician Assisted Suicide

the practice is legal, there are strict systems in place to prevent abuse. The ethics of the medical profession are not necessarily to sustain life at all costs, but to alleviate suffering, promote patient dignity, and ensure respect for the person and autonomy. Physician assisted suicide is legal in several states and countries. To enhance the ability of the medical profession to empower patients, physician-assisted suicide should be a legal option. Making physician-assisted suicide legal would eliminate some of the fears and concerns healthcare workers have, because it would ensure that doctors and institutions are immune from litigation as… Continue Reading...

Urban Air Pollution Ethical Dilemmas

act There is a need to balance environmental health with environmental justice and environmental ethics. Without environmental justice or ethics, we cannot resolve environmental health issues comprehensively. There is tension when environmental health is not balanced with environmental ethics and justice. More practically, in restoring environmental health, agencies, organizations and communities need to focus on the greater good and achieving environmental health sustainably. So, there is a need to ensure that in restoring environmental health, the newfound health is sustainable in one way or another. However, there is an ethical dilemma in the sense that it is destructive practices that… Continue Reading...

Social Problem and Human Services

a political stand tolerating governmental neglect, compromising social workers’ professional ethics, and not challenging status quo. As social workers cannot totally avoid the political sphere, explicitly tackling such issues is far better as compared to turning a blind eye. In the absence of middle ground, one must choose a side as, according to Martin Luther King, Jr., “Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter”. These challenges also cut across the health sector, which is another highly fundamental human service area. Of late, uninsured persons have increased greatly in number owing to a… Continue Reading...

Value Based Purchasing Implementation Plan

with cost controls, then the staff will be well on its way to achieving the strategic objectives related to VBP. ethics It is actually the most ethical choice to deliver high quality of care. There is nothing unethical about meeting the criteria laid out by the CMS for VBP. The entire point of VBP is that high quality care is balanced by cost controls, and then rewarded. If the hospital was to sacrifice care for cost then that would be unethical. The ethical guidelines will specify that if there is a trade-off between quality of care, and cost, that the… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Workplace Bullying

risk management framework to address bullying in the workplace. Southern Journal of Business and ethics, 5, 8-11. Who is at risk. (2018). U.S. Government. Retrieved from https://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/index.html. Wiedmer, T. L. (2010). Workplace bullying: Costly and preventable. Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 77(2), 35-41. Continue Reading...

Apple Finance Department

Apple to hedge against economic weakness in one region with strength in another. ethics The finance department also plays a role in Apple’s ability to maintain high ethical standards. The auditing function is of course one area where ethics are enforced, and the accounting department as well, but international finance can also have an ethical dimension. First, the company can enforce ethical standards by choosing where to invest its capital – avoiding certain countries, companies and projects can highlight Apple’s ethical priorities. Dobson (1993) wrote an influential article that highlighted some gaps in finance ethics – the idea that wealth… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

or whip as the main intervention (Kristjansson, 2014). Instead of trying to enforce an arbitrary code of rules or ethics in the classroom, the character educator adopts a policy of explaining why students should engage in self-management, what transcendental ideals they should pursue—i.e., beauty, truth, oneness, and so on—and why virtue is something to be cultivated in the students’ daily lives (it is the true path to happiness, according to Aristotle). As Kristjansson (2014) shows, the more that students are able to recognize the virtue of good behavior and the more they are able to identify what constitutes good… Continue Reading...

Rhetorical Analysis Of Alicia Garza’s Herstory

speaking for #BlackLivesMatter, Garza appeals to the sense of morality and ethics that readers of The Feminist Wire will have for issues related to sexism and racism. In fact, Garza’s article can be viewed as the textual counterpart to the image analyzed for Part One. In that image, people from different backgrounds walk together holding the banner for #BlackLivesMatter. The image uses nonverbal means of communication to show the reader that #BlackLivesMatter is about achieving social justice goals that improve the lives of all Americans. The image also substantiates Garza’s claim that it is important for all Americans who… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organization and Management

dares to put a blemish on the organization by behaving in a way that is contrary to the morals, ethics, principles and values of the organization, that officer will be out of employment very quickly. In this model, values and principles are ingrained into the thinking of the officers so that they manifest these values in their everyday lives. Finally, the paramilitary model gives officers access to greater weapons and tools so that they are safer and more forceful when the time comes for action. Because the world is an increasingly dangerous place where terrorists and others may be… Continue Reading...

The Counselor Client Relationship at Work

race, ethnicity, gender, age, creed, and any other factor of identity. References Beauchamp, T. & Childress, J. (2001).  Principles of Biomedical ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. Flite, C. A., & Harman, L. B. (2013). Code of ethics: principles for ethical leadership. Perspectives in Health Information Management/AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association, 10, 1d. 5 People with low vision or who are blind have been so underrepresented in the competitive labor market primarily because they tend to feel that they will not be considered for competitive jobs and seek other forms of employment. They know from experience that there is still a lot of… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Achebe Character Analysis

his tendency to react to situations with his limbic system as opposed to calmness, rationality, and human ethics. For example, the narrator describes him as “slippery as a fish in water,” and also as a fierce predator who would “pounce on people quite often,” (Achebe, 1958, p. 1). Thus, Okonkwo is defined by his physical power and his high status in the village of Umuofia more than he is by his mental or emotional maturity. Violence is another core character trait for the protagonist of Achebe’s novel. Okonkwo uses violence to maintain control over multiple domains of his life,… Continue Reading...

Apa Style: Benefits Of Practice

by the students who study them. References Bartzis, O. L., & Hayner, A. (2009, April). 'Cheating' or 'sharing'? Academic ethics across cultures. Slides presented at the AACRAO Conference, Chicago, IL. Retrieved from http://handouts.aacrao.org/am09/finished/W0345p_O_Leeman%20Bartzis.pdf Bryson, J. M. (2010). The future of public and nonprofit strategic planning in the United States. Public Administration Review, 70(s1), s255-s267. Di Maria, D. L. (2009). Plagiarism from a cross-cultural perspective. Retrieved from http://www.al-jamiat.com/college-lifestyle/plagiarism-crosscultural-perspective/# IParadigms, LLC. (2014). Plagiarism.org. Retrieved from http://www.plagiarism.org Jaramillo, F., Nixon, R., & Sams, D. (2005). The effect of law enforcement stress on organizational commitment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 28(2),… Continue Reading...

Body Mind and Soul in the Cancer Ward Wit

study can potentially free human beings from ignorance. But while the ethics of scientific research might suggest that the subject should benefit from her treatment, in fact there is no way that this can possibly be the case, and Edson makes it clear that even if Bearin is not directly misled, the information she is given is incomplete. The fault lies in the fact that Bearin is given factually true but not emotionally truthful information; emotionally truthful information would impress upon her the fact that her quality of life will not be good throughout the intensive treatment, and by… Continue Reading...

Education Research into Dual Credit Equity

State of Hawaii’s Teacher Standards Board (2018) Code of ethics is responsibility to the profession. Responsibility to the profession means taking responsibility, actively participating in research that will positively impact the profession and help educators reach their goals in helping students. Also, the second principle in the Teacher Standards Board (2018) Code of ethics specifically mentions the ethical importance of conducting education research to inform practice. The second reason for this research is related to social justice and equity. Teachers have a responsibility to their students and to the profession as a whole, to “understand students’ educational, academic, personal… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dimensions Of the Innovator Role

ethics is a term that is commonly used to refer to appropriate rules of conduct or moral guidelines that govern people’s behaviors and actions. Additionally, ethics is a terms that refers to standards or norms for differentiating between right and wrong (Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching, n.d.). As a result, ethics has become an important component in research because researchers have a moral responsibility to safeguard their research participants when conducting a study. Experiment ethics has become a common feature in modern… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

ethical balance since the research will entail working with human subjects. ethics is identified as an important component when working with human subjects in a study because of the moral or ethical issues that are likely to arise during the research process. Center for Innovation in Research and Teaching (n.d.) define ethics are standards or norms for distinguishing right and wrong. These standards or norms in turn become the premise for governing people’s decisions, behaviors, and actions.  Over the part few years, ethics has become an important component in research because researchers have a moral responsibility to protect their… Continue Reading...

Palestine and the Jewish State

undermine them and their position. Whether the people and their leaders respond in accordance with the actions that ethics would demand of them is another story. References +972 Magazine, 2011. +972 Magazine. Accessed August 24, 2018 at: https://972mag.com AlJazeera, 2012. The citizen journalists challenging al-Assad. Accessed August 24, 2018 at: http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2012/05/2012525141859285303.html Al Jazeera News, 2017. German broadcasters drop Roger Waters of BDS stance. Accessed August 24, 2018 at: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/11/german-broadcasters-drop-roger-waters-bds-stance-171129101108540.html Allan, S., 2013. Online News Reporting of Crisis Events: Investigating the role of citizen witnessing. In: Siaspera, E. and Veglis A. (eds.) The Handbook of Global Online Journalism. Wiley-Blackwell. pp.… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Problematic Pricing Strategy

focus more on low-cost, low-price models—beginning with the Model 3. ethics and the Law Potential Ethical and Legal Implications Related to Pricing Tesla has been advertising a Model 3 to consumers starting at $35,000 and has even taken prepayments—yet it has not delivered on the base model, primarily because it is not affordable for the company to produce them at this time. Tesla has been conducting itself questionably in terms of ethics and the law. Its advertising schemes, constantly promoted by Musk himself have finally come under the attention of the SEC, which is investigating the company’s claim that it… Continue Reading...

Palestine Her Story Documentary

raised by issues by documentary practice, such as claims to truthfulness and authenticity, representation, authorship, voyeurism, ethics, relationship to the subjects, the use of fictive devices, and the use of digital technology in numerous ways. First of all, I cut together archival footage to underscore the narrative provided by my subjects. This is a manipulation of narrative that is made possible by way of digital technology. I can add music to the scenes to heighten a mood or produce a sympathetic or dramatic effect. I am playing on the viewer’s emotions in this way. Any claims to truthfulness in… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Among Peers

that support the Ten Commandments are a great illustration of ethics. Peer 2: Laura Your conception of ethics is very interesting because instead of being based on ideas or principles or theories, it seems to be based on how people act. Of course, you are very upfront about getting morals and ethics confused, so I think that this might help to explain your take on ethics. I think you will do well in this class because you are honest about what you do and don’t know, and that is the best way to approach new learning material. I can… Continue Reading...

Ethics and the Marketing Environment

Again, it can be very difficult to separate the ethics of selling certain products at all that have dubious utility from the fear-based marketing techniques used to promote them. Work Cited De Mers, Jayson. “5 Common Unethical Marketing Practices: Are You Guilty? Forbes. 7 Feb 2018. Web. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jaysondemers/2017/05/17/5-common- unethical-marketing-practices-are-you-guilty/   Continue Reading...

Situation when Doing Good Is Wrong

worth of CSR and diversity management practices. Journal of Business ethics, 138(2), 215-229. Korsgaard, C. M. (2014). From duty and for the sake of the noble: Kant and Aristotle on morally good action Kant on Emotion and Value (pp. 33-68): Springer.   Continue Reading...

Deontological Ethics

assumes that we all have roughly the same framework with which we're working. The roots of deontological ethics derive from a European culture that was fairly homogenous and from a time when a lot of the ethical framework was religious in nature. In the modern world, in a county where there are so many cultures, there cannot be the same high level of agreement about the underlying deontological ethics of many situations in everyday life. The second point I would add is that even if yourself and Holly both completely agreed on what her duty was, there is also… Continue Reading...

Biblical Issues Related to Community and Justice

with God. Viewed in this way, justice is putting universal ethics into practice. We must speak our minds and call out injustice wherever we see it, in order to carry out God’s will. As a parish, we can work together to achieve larger ethical goals, which often seem insurmountable if we try to tackle them ourselves. How are factions in our parishes today both similar and different to the challenges the Corinthian Church faced? Factions create disunity and impede our ability to help one another and create the world God intended. The same challenges are evident in Paul’s writings,… Continue Reading...

Differences Between Proprietary and Contract Security

clients from negligent security officers. The Tyco (2018) corporate citizenship program also promotes ethics at all levels of business operations, including the security sector. Both proprietary and contract security would be subject to universal ethical laws as well as prevailing state and federal legislation. Organizations that fail to comply with state and federal laws related to banking, information technology, encryption, and other features may find that they save even more money when they rely on contract security services that have already done their due diligence in these areas. Generally, the decision of whether to develop a proprietary security department… Continue Reading...

Strategic Controls

Conduct" (2018) General Mills Retrieved February 20, 2018 from https://www.generalmills.com/en/Responsibility/ ethics-and-integrity/code-of-conduct Sarooghi, H., Libaers, D. & Burkemper, A. (2015). Examining a relationship between creativity and innovation: A meta-analysis of organizational, cultural and environmental factors. Journal of Business Venturing. Vol. 30 (2015) 714-731. Continue Reading...

Mission-based Management

applicable to the unique requirements of the company · A fresh chapter covering ethics, transparency, and accountability, disaster planning, technology planning, novel technology, and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act’s impacts. Twenty-first century not-for-profit leaders need to cater to the divergent demands and requirements of communities served, financiers, managers, peers and staff members. Brinckerhoff’s Mission-Based Management, Third Edition explains how the best non-profits actually function and how managers can ensure their firm features in this list in the long run. References Brinckerhoff, P. (2009). Mission-based management: Leading your nonprofit in the 21st century. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Brinckerhoff, P. C. (2000). Mission-based management (2nd ed.).… Continue Reading...

Consider the Lobster Article

the Lobster,” Wallace achieves two goals at once. First, the author offers poignant commentary on the ethics of eating sentient beings—no matter how low on the food chain. Second, Wallace offers commentary on the ways marketers can dictate local and even global food trends. Wallace uses compelling examples and a combination of pathos, ethos, and logos to argue that boiling a lobster alive represents unethical behavior. Using logos, Wallace points out that the obsession with lobster is akin to the obsession with diamonds: it was simply a marketing technique designed to sell consumers on the idea of something luxurious.… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Peer Response

Peer Response 1:  Aristotle does discuss both practical wisdom and respect in the Nicomachean ethics (Hursthouse, 2016). Practical wisdom needs to be cultivated over time, although it does seem that some people are more prone to being practical, reasonable, and even-tempered than others. Those who lack innate practical wisdom can cultivate it, and in fact, have an ethical obligation to cultivate this virtue. Aristotle believed that there are two types of virtuous people: those who have “full or perfect virtue,” and those who have to exert effort or “strength of will” to be virtuous (Hursthouse, 2016,… Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics Responses

and temperance—three of the essential character virtues (“Traditional Theories of ethics,” n.d.). Developing character ethics promotes eudaimonia within the family, and each member of the family including the parent who exhibits a virtuous character (Aristotle; Husthouse, 2016). In fact, the more one exhibits virtuous behavior in their role as a parent, the more likely it is for the child to embody the same virtues. In this way, virtuous parenting reverberates through the generations and helps create a more virtuous society overall. Having personal experiences with a father who did not have a virtuous approach to parenting makes it easier… Continue Reading...

Corruption Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

but sensible from a business perspective. As Silverthorne (2003) puts it, “good ethics is good business,” (p. 1). It will seem tempting to accept the offer about the holiday party because it will be a lot of work to change our store configuration. “ Some may see benefits from indulging in corrupt practices such as faster processing of permits or less interference from governmental officials,” (Velamuri, Harvey & Venkataraman, 2017, p. 1). In fact, if the perceived costs of corruption are low, such as a low likelihood of getting caught versus certainty that reconfiguration will cost a lot of money.… Continue Reading...

Early 20th Century Chinese Economic Reform

as it is with an animal species. Sustaining a society requires physical strength, intellect, and ethics, according to Yan Fu. Therefore, a society that has a vested interest in self-preservation would endeavor at all costs to promote these three core features. Brute force alone is insufficient; the society must also exhibit intellectual prowess and ethical integrity. Yan Fu extols the virtues of Western societies, claiming that they have been successful precisely because they have been able to strike a balance between individual liberty and the collective need for rules and social order. Following, Yan Fu claims that Chinese society needs… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

Publications, Inc. APA. (2017). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/ ethics/code/ethics-code-2017.pdf Hobfoll, S. E. (2002) Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General Psychology, 6, 307-324. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.6.4.307 Liu, Q. M., Ren, Y. J., & Wang, W. F. (2010). Application of a simple random sampling method on surveys at the community level. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi, 31(4), 421-3. Skelly, A. C. (2014). Credibility matters: Mind the gap. Evid Based Spine Care J. 5(1), 2–5. Wunsch, G. (2007). Confounding and control. Demographic Research, 16(4), 97-120.   Continue Reading...

Feminist Ethical Virtues Versus Masculine

culture in the domestic arena. Feminist philosophers offer a revisionist approach to ethics, alternative views to the prevailing patriarchal normative structure. In providing a new ethical paradigm, some feminist philosophers focus on character ethics as a starting point. Gilligan (1982) argues that females have different moral “voices” than men, and that male hegemony has dominated public discourse to the point that female voices have been marginalized. To reintroduce female moral voices into ethical discussions would enhance the ability of all people to make more informed and reasonable ethical decisions. Likewise, Noddings (2010) makes the argument that women have different moral… Continue Reading...

Political Ideology Libertarianism

This makes sense, given that libertarians lack the “bleeding heart” ethics of liberals and yet share in common with Democrats the belief that government should not interfere in any matter of personal choice, including the decisions individuals make with regard to whether or not to terminate a pregnancy, whether or not a person wishes to use drugs, or who a person wants to marry. The difference between libertarians and liberals, or Democrats, is that the latter supports a strong central government whereas the Libertarian Party is categorically opposed not just to government interference in personal lives but also opposed… Continue Reading...

Noddings Care Based Ethics

Language of Care ethics Noddings expresses the view that the act of caring can be the basis for a moral way of life, and builds this into her illustration of the value of care ethics. She chooses specific language that is to be the basis of this vocabulary – empathy, care, attention, response, reciprocity, receptivity. A central theme of her paper is that these terms have special meaning, and when understood form the foundational element of care ethics. The point that care ethics can be the basis of a… Continue Reading...

Communication Apprehension in the Professional Setting

and prepare this vision for others, as a leader, is a skill that I need to develop. Standard 2: ethics and Professional Norms This standard holds that leaders should always be ethical and behave in accordance with the accepted norms of their profession, the end goal being to assist students in their academic development ((Professional Standards for Educational Leaders, 2015). This is an area that I feel especially proficient in, as I have always adhered to the ethical principles and values of the community and profession in which I am situated. As an instructional leader, I believe that it is… Continue Reading...

Instructional Leadership and Educational Standards

prepare this vision for others, as a leader, is a skill that I need to develop. Standard 2: ethics and Professional Norms This standard holds that leaders should always be ethical and behave in accordance with the accepted norms of their profession, the end goal being to assist students in their academic development ((Professional Standards for Educational Leaders, 2015). This is an area that I feel especially proficient in, as I have always adhered to the ethical principles and values of the community and profession in which I am situated. As an instructional leader, I believe that it is my… Continue Reading...

Technology Changes for Business and Ethics

of our firm. Also, our firm is committed to ethics and needs to retain the confidence of its stakeholders and shareholders. Even when bribery is common practice in a place where we have business relationships, it is still not appropriate for us to engage in those practices. There are many ethical approaches to corruption, and the one that underlies legislation prohibiting payments to government officials is nonconsequentialism because the law states that it is categorically wrong to perpetuate corruption in business. My response would be to hold a meeting immediately and have in place a clear protocol for overcoming… Continue Reading...

Nationwide Telephone

suppliers, efficacy in delivery, and the manner in which consumers consider ethics within the business. Therefore, in this regard, Bill can help Jan in making comparison of the different market suppliers in order to conduct strategic price bidding and also negotiations. 5. What are some of the costs/benefits of continuing to source from the same local suppliers? One of the key benefits of continuing to source from the same local suppliers includes the strong and healthy affiliation built could be advantageous in the event of any economic changes. In addition, owing to such a relationship, the supplier may be… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

and consequentialists maintain opposite stands (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016). Deontological ethics or Deontology represents an ethical approach which concentrates on how right or wrong an action is, as against how right or wrong its effects or consequences are (Consequentialism) or the player’s behavior and traits (Virtue ethics). Therefore, for deontologists, the decision on whether any given situation is bad or good is governed by whether its underlying action is wrong or right. In simpler terms, a choice is considered to be "right" if it conforms to an ethical norm: Right must be prioritized over good. If, for instance, an… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Organization

2018). SWOT Analysis The following analysis is the SWOT analysis for Cleveland Clinic. Strengths Weaknesses 1. Brand name 2. Status 3. ethics 4. Efficacious Quality Management 5. Constant Innovation 1. Complexity 2. High cost of health care 3. Lack of standardization 4. Ineffective documentation practices 5. Use of different software 6. Lack of standard patient charge master Opportunities Threats 1. Mergers and Acquisition 2. Bargaining Power 3. Organizational Improvement 4. IT alignment 1. Poor economy 2. Change in payment structure 3. Decreased monitoring 4. Ambiguity in the future direction 5. New regulations Strengths Strengths delineate what an entity prospers at and separates it from the rivals… Continue Reading...

Top Three Traits Needed for Investigation

cultures read body language the same way, understand the same idiomatic expressions or humor, or conceptualize ethics in the same way. Knowing gender differences also helps the investigator remain sensitive to different communication styles. Investigators need to empower the subject, rather than antagonize, in order to elicit as much credible and useful information as possible. Another important skill for the investigator is the establishment of both rapport and empathy. To establish rapport and empathy, the investigator will rely on situational and contextual cues, including the demographics of the subject, the time and place of the meeting, and the background… Continue Reading...

The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

a dark secret. The story is like a thought experiment in ethics, calling into question the efficacy of ethical consequentialism or utilitarianism versus deontological ethics. Omelas is a thriving, joyful place but the happiness and health that abounds there “depend wholly on” the “abominable misery” of a single child (Le Guin 252). Le Guin’s story reveals the “terrible paradox” at the heart of human existence: that technological progress and the other trappings of civilization are directly dependent on exploitation (253). Upon perceiving the child trapped in the room at the underbelly of Omelas, residents have two choices: they can… Continue Reading...

The Glass Ceiling Effect

beyond gender and went into ideas about right and wrong, morals, and ethics, and nationalism. At the same time, Trump was judged by a different set of ideas and standards (his supporters did not mind his infidelities). I have worked for a female boss in the past on numerous occasions—and just like working for a male boss, there are times when it is good and when it is bad. Gender is not really the primary issue; the primary issue of what makes a man or woman a good leader has to do with honesty and transparency and being supportive… Continue Reading...

Management and Leadership Dream Job Cfo

in this class including control and coordination. The CFO is role that balances strategy, tactics, vision, ethics, and communication. To be a successful CFO, one must also master essential conceptual, interpersonal, and technical skills. Because the role of the CFO reflects both my strengths and my passions, it is an ideal and realistic utopia job. My Strengths My strengths include strong communication skills and empathy, strategy and planning acumen, and analytical and computational prowess. I also have a strong sense of ethics and loyalty. These are all essential features of an effective CFO. A CFO is in a position… Continue Reading...

Do Not Resuscitate Orders

serve, unfortunately, as “an example of how a well-meaning application of modern medical ethics [leads] to untold patient/family suffering and…health professional distress” (p. 149). To address the issues of suffering and distress so often associated with DNR today, there is significant need to address the issue of DNR orders at the national level—for two reasons: 1) so that there is national uniformity in the approach that nurses must take, and 2) so that a sufficient standard is applied that makes sense and can be adhered to with as little distress, emotional discomfort and moral questioning as possible. This paper… Continue Reading...

Ethical Communication and Social Media

bigger role in communications online and within the realm of social media. “Practicing communication ethics involves discernment and decision making about what is good, right or virtuous to communicate. The failure of decision makers to communicate ethically is evident around us. Media repots of deceptive or false statements by people in business, relationships, and politics are all too common. Controversy over digital fake news has brought greater awareness of deception in communication (pew)” (Tompkins, 2018). If recent times have proven anything its that false information spread online has power: it has the power to make money for companies and… Continue Reading...

Freedom Of Speech and How It Is Necessary

explain the facts of the case through the lens of both ethics and constitutional law. Ultimately, I want to demonstrate to the audience why a democracy cannot function without freedom of speech. I also want to show why protesting something symbolic like the national anthem is precisely the definition of that fundamental freedom, and how it differs from hate speech. The specifics of the problem are as follows. First, Kaepernick’s protest led to emotionally charged outcry similar to those that ensue following flag burning. I want to acknowledge the validity of these emotional appeals while showing that ironically, taking… Continue Reading...

Pamphlet About Professional Nurses Association

08071-0056 Phone: 856-256-2320 Fax: 856-589-7463 (“Contact Us,” 2018). Upcoming Meetings Our next upcoming meeting on August 1, 2018 pertains to business practices and ethics in private dialysis clinics. Join now! References “About ANNA,” (2018). ANNA https://www.annanurse.org/about “Contact Us,” (2018). ANNA. https://www.annanurse.org/contact-us “Membership,” (2018). ANNA. https://www.annanurse.org/about/membership “Recent Endorsements and Correspondence,” (2018). ANNA. https://www.annanurse.org/advocacy/endorsements Continue Reading...

Beneficence Respect and Justice in Education Research

The ethics of research conducted on human subjects has been debated for almost a century. Studies like the Tuskegee syphilis experiment and other gross violations of ethical principles have called attention to the importance of rigorous standards in the social sciences. Education is not always considered a social science, and yet it is—and one with some of the most significant implications for humanity. As Lopez-Alvarado (2017) points out, education is about empowering individuals and enriching society, not just about teaching specific tasks and processes. Educational research therefore has… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

has. 3 Ethical obligations are overcome by psychologists by adhering to a Code of ethics, which still in some cases needs to be developed more thoroughly: for instance, with regard to profiling, there is no consensus among the various disciplines in criminal justice in which it is applied. There is a need for more training and collaboration to address this issue. On campuses, free speech is protected—but so too is some speech labeled hate speech, which makes the issue hard to dissect. In the courts, the laws are more and more moving towards plea deals becoming a way out for clients—just… Continue Reading...

Social Media Postings and the Internet Privacy

Internet privacy: Social media posts that lead to an employee being fired The virtual world that is the internet resents myriad of challenges particularly when professionally dealing with the internet in a organizational setting. The issue of knowing what should be put out there and what should not has been contentious issue among many organizations and employees have found themselves at crossroads over what they post as individuals on their own behalf and how people interpret such posting over the internet and its effect on the image of the organization. Several employees have had to retract their postings and even… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

promotion of health and accessibility to health care amongst communities and the greater general public. Joining together science, ethics and politics, advocacy is self-instigated, evidence-based, deliberate action that health professionals can assume and undertake to aid in the transformation of systems and improve the environments and policies that fashion their patients’ behaviours and choices, and at the end of the day their health. It helps in guaranteeing access to care, directing the system, mobilization of resources, addressing health disparities, influencing health policy and generating system change (Hubinette et al., 2017). Provision 7 of the ANA Code of ethics states… Continue Reading...

Heart Of Darkness Essay (example Completed in 2019)

immediately how the colonial businesses and governments have no regard for human life or ethics. As he draws nearer to the legendary Mr. Kurtz, Marlow realizes that if the enterprise of colonialism—in which he is playing part—is permitted to continue, it will have deleterious effects on both individual people and also humanity as a whole. Essay Hook “The horror, the horror” is one of the most famous lines in modern literature. Yet Conrad is not a Gothic horror novelist but one whose work is realistic and endowed heavily with political overtones. Thesis Statement Conrad’s novel Heart of Darkness is… Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

truly be American is to believe in equality and to practice the ethics of social justice at every corner and with every interaction. Emerson does not recognize his white privilege in writing “Self Reliance,” and yet would recognize in Angelou her own independence and unwillingness to succumb to the depressive and oppressive conditions of being a caged bird. Just as Angelou goes against the prevailing stereotypes and norms of black female self-empowerment, Emerson states outright, “Whoso would be a man must be a nonconformist.” Emerson is more severe in his approach to non-conformity, decrying church and even belittling ordinary… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

it can play into how a person constructs his or her set of values and ethics. As a result, religion can have a strong bearing on how a person communicates and makes decisions. Until the person becomes aware of the role religion plays in their worldview, they may be unable or unwilling to approach a subject or point of contention from the perspective of colleagues. In a diverse workplace like my own, race, religion, and gender issues do arise on a daily basis. I have experienced discrimination in covert ways, and I have also witnessed more overt power struggles… Continue Reading...

Social Sciences and Its Statistical Package

also a harsh indicator that they are not good enough (Management Association, 2015). References Management Association (Ed.). (2015). Business Law and ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. IGI Global. Smith, S. (2018). In what ways is MS Excel used to interpret data? Chron. Retrieved 3 September, 2018 from: https://smallbusiness.chron.com/ways-ms-excel-used-interpret-data-72984.html Statistics Solutions. (2018). SPSS – Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Retrieved 3 September, 2018 from: http://www.statisticssolutions.com/spss-statisticalpackageforsocialsciences/ Continue Reading...

Bill Gates As an Ethical Leader

the sense of ‘community’ lies at the core of the virtue ethics approach. An individual's character traits do not develop separately; rather they are cultivated by and within their respective communities, which include their families, educational institutions, religious institutions, and other public and private associations. With growth and maturity, an individual’s personality will be greatly influenced by values prized by his/her community, traits encouraged by the community, and community role models whose traits, represented in movies, folk tales, soap operas, fiction, etc., they tend to imitate. The virtue ethics approach encourages one to focus on community contours and character… Continue Reading...

Affirmative Action Plan in Human Resources

programs. Retrieved from https://www.hrunlimitedinc.com/services/compliance/ IPFW. (2015). Affirmative action plan. Retrieved from https://www.pfw.edu/offices/hr-oie/ ethics-compliance/ethics-and-compliance-docs/IPFW%20affirmative%20action%20plan%202014-2015.pdf   Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility Its Success and Failure

track and make sure that they comply with the law, actively, including standards of ethics, international and national norms. Occasionally, the efforts by such companies may go beyond the regulatory requirements or the groups for the protection of the environment (Belfiore, 2016). Apple Inc. has emerged as a leading global manufacturer, marketer and designer of media accessories, communications devices, portable audio players and computers. It was established in 1977 in the state of California. It is now ranked as the largest company dealing with IT; based on revenue and the total number of assets under its ownership and control.… Continue Reading...

Leadership in the Army

progress in my career. While every lesson has something to offer, the modules on leadership theories and on ethics have proved especially helpful for me to gain insight into different styles and approaches. For example, Big Man theory, trait theory, and situational leadership theories all apply to the Army. Because I have a better understanding of the diversity of leadership styles, my attitudes about leadership have changed since taking this course. Some leaders are more effective as transactional managers, focused on specific tasks and goals, but lack the big picture vision that sets apart servant leaders and visionary leaders.… Continue Reading...

Direct to Consumer Marketing

industry’s principles for ethical direct-to-consumer advertising actually serve as a deceptive blocking strategy that keeps regulators at bay. ethics of Direct to Consumer Advertising for Healthcare Products As Arnold and Oakley (2013) note, “companies in the health care industry enhance or harm the well-being of nearly all citizens in industrialized nations” (p. 505). In other words, they can go either way—either towards the betterment of the population or towards the detriment of the population. The main factor that will determine which way companies will go is the ethical factor. Are health care companies operating ethically? If so, they will invariably… Continue Reading...

Positive Contributions by Veterans in the Construction Sector Essay

worked with, they have experience with.  In accordance to participant 1, a strong ethics is one of the elements that distinguish veterans in the market. Fundamentally, work ethic alludes to a work attitude and point of view signified by hard work, commitment, dependability, positivity and meticulousness. The significance of work ethic within the work environment cannot be stressed enough. A pointed out by Respondent 1, obtaining work candidates and employees with a strong work ethic is becoming progressively more challenging. This is not a worry for the organization but also for numerous other employers in the market. The entry of… Continue Reading...

Pharmaceutical Companies and Physicians Appropriate Relationships

greed and the seductive methods of big pharma override their ethics. We depend on doctors to be ethical and if they are not, they need to face the consequences of their actions. As history has demonstrated, relying on “voluntary efforts” is merely a situation where human greed will take over the common sense of professionals who know better. Hoping that people will voluntarily report or thwart any problematic practices in the face of all the money and influence of big pharma is naïve and unrealistic at best. At worst, it is a lax policy that will do little more… Continue Reading...

Emergency Department Nurse’s Ethical Dilemma

treatment in nursing homes - relatives’ role in the decision-making process. Journal of Medical ethics, 35(11), 672-677. Gladding, S. T. (2000). Counseling: A Comprehensive Profession (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill. Heiser, G. (2014). End of life ethical dilemma. Journal of Excellence in Integrated Writing Courses at Wright State, 1(7), 1-5. International Council of Nurses. (2006). The ICN code of ethics for nurses. Retrieved from http://www.icn.ch/icncode.pdf Nursing Council of New Zealand. (2012). Code of conduct for nurses. Porth, C. M. (2010). Essentials of pathophysiology (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams& Wilkins. Reising, D. L. (2012). Make your nursing care… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics and Equality at the Top Women in Positions Of Leadership

Business ethics and the Art of Inclusion: Women in White Collar America The quantity of female CEOs at Fortune 500 companies decreased by 25% in 2018, falling from 32 to 24: this means that only 4.8 percent of the most profitable 500 firms in the world are run by women in America (Stewart, 2018). How one can achieve inclusiveness within the workplace is definitely a hot-button issue in today’s workplace, particularly given the climate. Social movements for equality and safety in the workplace… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Reason to Faith

leadership and organization development. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and ethics, 8, no. 5 (2011): 11-26.] [4: Norma Malcolm, "Anselm's ontological arguments." The Philosophical Review 69, no. 1 (1960): 41-62.] [5: Anastasia Philippa Scrutton, Thinking through feeling: God, emotion and possibility (Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2011) 12.] Defining Faith and Reason Hebrews 11:1 states that faith is the substance of one’s hope in God—it is what allows one to see without seeing. However, God gave evidence to people to convince them of His Divinity: testimony, Scripture, miracles, teachings—all of these served to bring people to faith. In other words, God appealed to people’s reason.… Continue Reading...

Change Management

D. (2011). The urgent need for skilled transformational leaders: Integrating transformational leadership and organization development. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and ethics, 8(5), 11-26.   Continue Reading...

Social Innovation and Change

share information more easily. So for instance, information about human rights and ethics is more readily available: more information can be found online about the Israel-Palestine conflict; more information can be found and shared about organizing to protest at rallies or things like this—all of which provides more opportunities for studying people and societies for sociologists. Studying society may continue to evolve in the future in response to social changes particularly with regard to how ‘privacy’ as a social value is changing and how this may make studying people easier because everyone puts their life stories up on Facebook… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Organizational Ethics

Organizational ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility A. Create three corporate policies that reflect the organization’s culture and ethical viewpoints · Encourage the empowerment and engagement of all employees in corporate decision making · Collaboration within the workplace at all times and leadership development · Active involvement and participation in the communities in which our business operations are present 1. Explain the rationale behind the policies, including how they align with the organization’s culture · The rationale behind the corporate policy on employee empowerment and engagement is linked to the fact that… Continue Reading...

Shepherd King and Noble Shepherd Gospel John

Greco-Roman societies. Moreover, the Noble Shepherd embodies the ideals and ethics that defined the Greco-Roman community. Critical to the Noble Shepherd is the “noble death,” a death defined by self-sacrifice and which has its ultimate manifestation in martyrdom (Neyrey, 2007). The death of the Noble Shepherd is voluntary and conscious, and ironically shows how individuals can achieve eternal life through a death that is filled with political meaning. Moreover, the Noble Shepherd is the epitome of a just and kind leader, the humble counterpart to a King. The Noble Shepherd is more closely tied to the earth and to… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

Criminal Law and Psychopathy I. Introduction Various studies have in the past indicated that there is a high correlation between violence/criminal behavior and psychopathy. This would largely be expected given that psychological studies into the character and disposition of psychopaths has demonstrated that the need for control (or power) as well as egocentrism, which also happen to be the dominant character traits of psychopaths, are predictors for deviant or antisocial behavior. The debate on whether or not psychopaths should be held criminally responsible for their acts, and thus be subjected to criminal punishment, has been raging for a long time.… Continue Reading...

How to Improve It the Amazon Customer Experience

sellers from all over the world who may have flexible ethics. Amazon could make it more difficult to review products; for example, preventing people from reviewing products they have not purchased or could not have purchased (such as products which have not been released yet). At minimum, it could indicate if “there is a firm purchase history, or by implementing a user review ratings system” like Yelp (Charlton, 2008, par.11). Given that trust in reviews is such an important component of the attractions of Amazon, policing its review system to provide better customer service and allow customers to filter… Continue Reading...

Higher Education Should Be Free for All

financial, and social reasons. The principles of the American Constitution are grounded in the ethics of equal opportunity. Free higher education means reduced student loan debt, which would benefit the economy. To improve the quality of life in the nation, all students should have the chance to attend college and university to compete in the global job market or contribute to their communities. Works Cited Goldrick-Rab, Sara and Kelly, Andrew P. “Should Community College Be Free?” Education Next. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016, pp. 54. Page, Max and Clawson, Dan. “It’s Time to Push for Free College.” National Educaiton… Continue Reading...

Hiring Practices and Ethical Legal

legal ground rules that govern organizational codes of conduct and codes of ethics. Many organizations also craft codes of ethics and codes of conduct specifically to craft organizational culture, promote security, while also insuring against legal breaches. Codes of ethics vs. Codes of Conduct Both codes of ethics and codes of conduct can be grounded in legal compliance, while still reflecting the overarching values and culture of the organization. At the very least, hiring practices need to properly reflect commitments to the legal ground rules pertaining to anti-discrimination and employee rights to privacy (Dwoskin, Squire & Patullo, 2013). Codes… Continue Reading...

The Historical Context Of Marx Scientific Socialism

structure, and those elements cause conflict, antagonism, and discontent. Marx bases his theories not just on ethics but on a scientific understanding and observation of human behavior. Bibliography Cole, Joshua & Symes, Carol. Western Civilizations: Their History & Their Culture. Brief 4th ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2017, v. 2   Continue Reading...

Catholic Social Teaching Peace Building

113). In fact, from a CST perspective, peace building is a more meaningful and expansive project integrated into Christian ethics and identity. CST engages partners at various levels, including government organizations and the private sector, to usher in a new and transformed world. Partnering with a wide range of actors and stakeholders makes peace building highly complex and potentially problematic, particularly when conflicts of interest may arise. While some peace building activities can seem straightforward in their approach, philosophy, and implementation, many reveal the fissures deep within a society that prevent the efficacy of intervention. The Church has always… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

a belief in white supremacy. These settlers twisted their own Christian ethics into a warped, sociopathic worldview that culminated in the genocide of Native Americans and the enslavement of African Americans. Yet because the agricultural base of the budding American economy proved essential to the new nation, allowing it to gain power, prestige, and leverage in trans-Atlantic trade, Washington cowed. Instead of remaining true to the values and principles embedded in the Constitution, lawmakers entered into Faustian bargains like the Missouri Compromise, and outright deals with the devil such as the Kansas-Nebraska Act and most notably, the Dred Scott… Continue Reading...

Continuous Learning in Business

world; 2) complying with laws and regulations; 3) evaluating performance and compensating workers for achieving goals (Governance & ethics, 2018). 2 Continuous learning and professional development drive sustainable business performance at Johnson and Johnson through the efforts of leaders who engage in community building, which allows for a positive culture to develop in which the concepts of continuous learning and professional development are front and center (Garguilo, 2018). Continuous learning and professional development in turn excite personnel to be motivated to achieve organizational objectives. They lead to commitment on the part of workers to the company and they inspire… Continue Reading...

Radical Negotiation Posturing and Political Strategies Trump and Alinsky

or enhancing security, the ostensible purposes of building the wall. Alinsky’s ethics: Rules Do Not Matter In Rules for Radicals, Alinsky famously declared that “One’s concern with the ethics of means and ends varies inversely with one’s personal interest in the issue, and one’s distance from the scene of conflict” (Alinsky, 2010, p.26). Alinsky stated that one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter—hence, those opposed to the Nazis regarded members of the Resistance as heroic figures, while the Nazis themselves regarded the Resistance as the enemy. Similarly, during the Civil War, the Confederate Army regarded themselves as noble defenders… Continue Reading...

Macintyre S Theory Of Practice

Philosophical ethics: MacIntyre’s Notion of a Practice and the Idea of Virtues (Q4) When it comes to notion of practice and the idea of virtues, MacIntyre’s explanation provides one with a sense of how the two go together. Practice is the art by which an object is pursued, and virtue is the quality that both enables and facilitates practice and is developed or reinforced through practice. This paper will discuss the link between practice and virtue, according to MacIntyre’s theory. MacIntyre’s… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

terrorist trials are so inconsistent and ambiguous is because of disagreements over the efficacy, ethics, legality, and desirability of the power to refuse suspects the rights otherwise bestowed upon the accused. As Bennett & Litt (2009) point out, “the government’s legal, practical and moral authority to detain suspected terrorists without trial remains a subject of fierce debate,” (p.1). The fact that many terrorist suspects are not American citizens has facilitated the federal government’s ability to detain suspects indefinitely without a trial, ostensibly for “preventative” purposes proclaiming national security (Bennett & Litt, 2009, p. 1). However, Constitutional law is generally… Continue Reading...

Good Management and Leadership Skills

I learned about how crucial it is to have a sense of duty and ethics and have the ability to communicate this sense to workers. As Schyns and Schilling (2013) show, when leaders and managers fail to lead by example, they create a divide between employees and management that can quickly lead to a sour culture and a collapse in productivity and morale. An ethical perspective and skill set helps to provide the organization with the right type of values that all workers can embrace. When a manager lacks an ethical framework for approaching the job of management, it… Continue Reading...

Leadership and the Issue Of Ethics

Abstract This paper focuses on questions of ethics and unethical behavior in the workplace. It discusses what leaders can do to better create an ethical environment in which people are respected and ethical values are promoted. It provides some examples from the real world of what happens when organizations fail to act ethically, and it also examines some of the problems that led to the disaster that was the 2007-2008 economic collapse. Ethical principles such as utilitarianism and virtue ethics are explained in connection with these discussions.… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Practices Compliance Auditing

making starts with senior management, which sets the ethical tone for the entire organization. Even with strong codes of ethics, leaders have the power and ability to engage in unethical business practices. The normative environment in the organization needs to reflect the values and principles set by the leaders. Leaders become the role models for others in the organization, and with collective, collaborative decision making, all senior managers can work together to come up with ideal strategies and solutions. Organizations that fail to take action on business practices that exacerbate climate change, which fail to address problems like carbon… Continue Reading...

Managing the Automation Industry

to augment supplier operations, fundamentally in terms of efficacy, environmental management, workplace situations, and ethics and also the rights and freedoms of persons. In addition, General Motors assimilates localization in its supply chain management. The company builds plants where it sells them and also purchases them where the company builds in order to make the vehicles more competitive owing to price benefits and also can be constructed to satisfy distinctive local necessities that impel consumer interest and brand loyalty. Moreover, this diminishes risks by augmenting the flexibility of the supply chain to react to interruptions instigated by different causes… Continue Reading...

Africa and Cultural Studies

in Africa so that I can have multiple data sources aside from literature genres. ethics concerns regarding protecting persons’ identity should be considered, therefore. These will include making sure that interviewees give informed consent and that their identities are protected and not published. Participants will be kept anonymous. I will also use member checking to ensure that my interpretation of their data aligns with what they meant when they gave their responses. This will help to give the study more credibility too. I will locate persons for interviews by using social media platforms to reach out to individuals who… Continue Reading...

Is God a Good God

on the Origin and Progress of Evil." The Journal of Religious ethics (1988), 10.] [3: Fulton Sheen, Life of Christ (NY: Image Books, 2008), 74.] C. S. Lewis puts it best when he says that to ask whether the world was made by a loving God or by an indifferent God is to ask the wrong question and to ignore the drama of the entire Old and New Testament, which explains the matter fully: Christianity, Lewis states, “is a catastrophic historical event following on the long spiritual preparation of humanity.”[footnoteRef:4] It is catastrophic because it so upended the world that the… Continue Reading...

Plato and Aristotle on Passion

issue of passion in terms of character in Nicomachean ethics. Urmson shows that various interpreters of Aristotle “tend to under emphasize or misinterpret two points about excellence of character which Aristotle makes very clearly, but the significance of which he does not fully explain” (224). The two points that Aristotle makes about character are these: “excellence of character is concerned with both emotions (pathe, passions) and actions…[and with] likes and dislikes (hedonai and lupai, traditionally translated as ‘pleasures and pains’) (Urmson 224). Aristotle thus recognized the role that passion plays in the daily life of human activity and did… Continue Reading...

Alternative Points Of View on the Abortion Debate

abortion services. The abortion debate became tied up with factors like religiosity and ethics, often in distorted and illogical ways. Both Catholic and Protestant traditions have fluctuated between condoning abortion and banning it (Ravitz, 2016). Current anti-abortion rhetoric is frequently cloaked in religious terminology, primarily from the Christian tradition, even though the Bible does not expressly outlaw abortion (“Historical Attitudes to Abortion,” n.d.). The view that life is sacred does permeate most religious and ethical traditions, but this precept can also be applied to women—fully-fledged human beings whose life is also sacred. Abortion debates should therefore, always be framed in… Continue Reading...

Army Leadership Issues

preparing them for the contingencies of their future careers in either the military or the civilian sector. References Allen, C.D. (2015). ethics and army leadership. Parameters 45(1):69-83. Bradshaw, C. (2018). NCOs confront leadership challenges. NCO Journal. 20 March, 2018. https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Journals/NCO-Journal/Archives/2018/March/Leadership-Challenges/ Fry, L.W., Vitucci, S. & Cedillo, M. (2005). Spiritual leadership and army transformation: Theory, measurement, and establishing a baseline. The Leadership Quarterly 16(5): 835-862. Rose, K., Herd, A. & Palacio, S. (2016). Organizational citizenship behavior. Advances in Developing Human Resources 19(1): 14-24.   Continue Reading...

Conflict and Negotiation the Bophuthatswana Crisis Of 1994

MA : Polity Press Sagan, S.D., & Valentino, B.A., (2015). Use of force: The American public and the ethics of war, Open Global Rights. Retrieved 13 February, 2019 from https://www.openglobalrights.org/use-of-force-american-public-and-ethics-of-war/ Wood, E. J. (2007). Forging democracy from below: Insurgent transitions in South Africa and El Salvador. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. Weinstein, L. (2018). The 7 principles of conflict resolution: How to resolve disputes, defuse difficult situations and reach agreement. Harlow, England : FT Publishing/Pearson Continue Reading...

Nursing Metaparadigm

patient’s own interests may be forgotten as a result. With this in mind, using the resources of medical ethics and the legal system, Susie discusses the possibility of a DNR (do not resuscitate) order with Vivian. Susie empowers the patient with knowledge that Vivian can understand, despite Vivian’s weakened state, and allows Vivian to know that despite the external pressures of the environment in which Vivian, Vivian still has autonomy. The definition of health (or wellness) embraced by Susie is one in which the patient is still capable of enjoying her life and meaningful activities. By the end of… Continue Reading...

Defining the Term Morality

it does not describe what this standard is or how it is defined. One would have to know what ethics is to understand the standard. Morality according to the Internet definition of the term provides only a brief window in to the terminology used to explain action in a moral way. It means that one is either behaving rightly or wrongly, correctly or incorrectly. However, implicit in this understanding is the idea that there can be different types of morality, as there can be different types of standards. There can be, for example, a Christian morality or a Muslim… Continue Reading...

Managerial Accounting and Business Ethics

and sustain consumers, investors, personnel, or clients, and the risk of violating compliance (Jamshidinavid and Kamari, 2012). Addressing business ethics and responsibility issues within a business entity begins the compliance of the pertinent legislations and codes of practice. As a provider of business needs with scarce resources, there is the need to have the capability to make a distinction between the appropriate and inappropriate way of taking expense into account when making decisions regarding practices and processes of clients. In the contemporary business setting, the role that is played by accountants is significant. The data and information that they… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

statement calls into question the legitimacy of the moral argument, insisting that ethics is a purely subjective paradigm and is whatever the majority of people want it to be at any given time: "What is morality in any given time and place? It is what the majority then and there happen to like and immorality is what they dislike" (BrainyQuote, 2018). This paper will show why morality and ethics matter and why they must be objectively defined and fixed for the good of all—rather than, as Whitehead says, a loose concept that can be altered to justify one’s immoral… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Fallacies

(in terms of pleasure and pain). To improve the argument, Halevi could adopt a virtue ethics perspective to show how the good Israel seeks is consistent with the universal good that all people seek. Or, if Halevi wanted to maintain the utilitarian perspective, he could argue that boycotting Israel actually harms the greatest good because many people depend on the business that Israel provides; and for people to vent frustrations towards a country’s businesses based on socio-political matters that they do not understand because they do not live in the country or experience the problems that Israel experiences is misguided… Continue Reading...

Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Counseling

foremost ethical principles guiding the American Counseling Association (ACA, 2014) Code of ethics include autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity. Autonomy refers to the empowerment of the client: protecting the client’s rights to self-determination. Yet counselors may inevitably encounter dilemmas related to the client’s right to self-determination. A client who is a minor, for example, has fewer rights than an adult client. An adult client, on the other hand, may also experience lapses in judgment that would require the counselor to make informed decisions affecting treatment options.  Many of the situations counselors face in their work can be… Continue Reading...

Learning Culture and Memory

activation of irrelevant memories at the expense of the ones that are relevant. ethics refers to the rules of conduct necessary during research work. A moral responsibility should be there to protect the participants from any harm. Despite how important the issue being investigates by psychologists might be, they still have a duty to respect the dignity and rights of participants of the research. This is an indication that they must abide by specific rules of conduct and moral principle (El Haj, 2016). Issues related to morals in rare occasions yield a right, wrong, unambiguous or simple answer. Therefore, it… Continue Reading...

Plato’s Argument: Art Is an Imitation Of an Imitation

interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) but also habituation to healthy emotional responses and therefore harmony between the three parts of the soul (according to Plato, reason, spirit, and appetite)” (Meinwald, 2019).   Aristotle was one of Plato’s students and spent approximately twenty years learning at Plato’s Academy.  While Aristotle’s own development of a personalized philosophy may not have influenced how Plato viewed beauty and art, Aristotle… Continue Reading...

Political and Religious Action in the World

in the name of religion often fuses power, politics, and greed in highly destructive ways. True ethics and genuine moral vision for the future of humanity lies in a middle ground. Politics and religion can remain peers, but have reign in their own respective domains. In fact, scripture agrees. As much as scripture supports a worldview based on Christian values, it does not necessarily advocate for the fusion of church and state at all. “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s,” (Matthew 22:21). Church and State do occupy different realms. The realms of Church… Continue Reading...

Regulatory Measures Involving 1984 Sentencing Reform Act

Aaron Klein, & Justin Schardin, 2017). The impact of these laws on business ethics The FSGO, SOX, FCPA and CFPB have all had a range of impacts when it comes to business ethics, such as: a) Establishment of suitable procedures and standards for preventing and identifying issues. b) Establishment of program supervision on the part of board members and other senior managers. c) Demonstration of due diligence when it comes to persons to whom considerable discretionary power (with regard to the program) may be delegated. d) Establishment of sound training and communications. e) Establishment of an initiative for sound supervision,… Continue Reading...

Homeland Security and the Distinction Between Isr and Iaa

considerations, publicizing the purposes and use of IAA goes against some of these ethics (Howard, et al., 2018). One of these ethical considerations is privacy which they abuse it once they publicize their operations. Method of Sharing Details The method of sharing information with the public is something that I would advocate for any other agency. This is because, whenever an incident occurs, it is not just the military that is involved. Other parties especially the ones that help such as volunteers. This makes it necessary for all parties to be aware of the operations that are carried out… Continue Reading...

Elon Musk's Moral Muteness

not known for being particularly ethical—and eventually their lack of ethics catches up with them. Enron, Madoff, Strzok and Comey all have the same thing in common: at the end of the day, their lies caught up with them and they lost their jobs and their organizations’ reputations fell apart. The same thing is currently happening to Tesla under Musk’s unethical leadership practices. While Musk has always been recognized as a great innovative leader, bringing new ideas to the company and using his celebrity to promote the company’s goals, his lack of ethics has put him in the crosshairs… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Costco Internal Assessment

operations remain not only relevant, resilient, and responsible, but also in line with its code of ethics and mission statement. The company’s full time employees number approximately 143,000 (Yahoo Finance, 2019). The most recent financial statements of the company indicate that Costco had total revenue amounting to 141.5 billion for the year ended September 2018. The net income figure for the same period was captured as 3.1 billion. Some of Costco’s key competitors include, but they are not limited to, Wal-Mart and Home Depot. Resources In basic terms, Costco’s tangible resources are inclusive of some of its current assets… Continue Reading...

Ethical Decision Making

to make a determination as to why a decision is called for and ascertain the desired results ( ethics & Compliance Initiative, 2018). Regardless of the numerous benefits that social media brings to organization, there continues to be several risks associated with its use including the misappropriation of organizational resources, conflict of interests in addition to vilification of others. It paves the way for breach of confidentiality and conflicts of interest. Another associated problem is the organization’s use of social media in monitoring employee conduct and behavior and whether such actions are ethical or not. Step 2: Seek out relevant… Continue Reading...

Long Term Care Administration

sure that they maintain an approach that is in line with the ethics of decision making. Further the administrator has to implement decisions that are morally upright (Thorns, 2010). The administrator must have sufficient facts, knowledge, and experience concerning Mrs. Beaudoin’s conditions and the expected outcome. Furthermore, the administrator ought to be willing to collaborate and communicate perfectly with the colleagues in order to arrive at the best decisions that are compliant with the patient’s best interests (Thorns, 2010). In order to deliver medically and ethically appropriate healthcare decisions for patients without surrogates and for the patients who lack… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics in Volkswagen Emissions Scandal

buyers and dealerships all across the globe (AFP, 2018). Business ethics Considerations A global brand such as VW, cultural intelligence plays an important role in management of the crisis. It also plays an important role on public perceptions of how serious the impact is and how it affects sales in the future. The impact of cultural intelligence is seen in differences in sales after the crisis was announced in both Germany and the United States. The impact on sales had a different effect in various countries around the globe. This suggests that in some countries this type of cheating is… Continue Reading...

Analysing Individual Family History

and it also assists them to find their own sense of ethics and morals. However, to other individuals, the pressures of familial culture could be an inhibitor to their own individuality. This is mainly because their inner sense of what they deem appropriate might be counter to the rules that have been instilled by their family traditions. Therefore, the family influence on an individual could be up to an individual. One has the option to live up to the customs and traditions of their family or they can reject these customs and traditions and create their own identity. This… Continue Reading...

Target Corporate Social Responsibility

might actually be a blessing for any company that has a long-range vision of dramatically reducing its carbon footprint. ethics – Issues There are a number of ethical issues that could potentially affect Target. Perhaps the most significant of these is with its staffing practices, as there have been some major shifts in recent years on that front. Diversity and inclusion are major social trends, and sexual harassment and equality are others. Target has a program for hiring for diversity, and ensuring inclusion. Creating an environment of inclusivity is a major strategic goal for Target, because it serves such a… Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

in a given circumstance. The framework should be based on the virtue- ethics perspective. As Lutz (1996) points out, “Piaget and Kohlberg belong to the cognitive-developmental tradition of developmental psychology” in which the moral development of a child is decided through social interaction and comes about naturally rather than through formal education (p. 1). Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is that there are six stages of moral development. First, there is the stage in which the child does what is right to avoid being punished. Second comes the stage in which the child does what is right because he perceives… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

more highly by the public than an agency that cannot even do as much. The ethics of Using Technology without Public Knowledge or Consent Using technology without public knowledge or consent is, nonetheless, going to rankle many. Many big firms like Google and Facebook already collect data on millions of their users, including where they are, what they have been shopping for, and what they have been looking at online or talking about with friends (Google and Amazon technology, for instance, allows devices to always be listening in on conversations even when they are not actively engaged). This trend has… Continue Reading...

Future and Global Population Growth

Real Estate ethics and Fraud Introduction Good ethics is a key necessity in any given profession. ethics takes into account a system of moral guidelines governing the suitable conduct and actions of an individual or a group. Notably, ethical standards are centered on an individual’s belief of what is right and what is wrong versus the legal benchmark, which is basically, what is written down in law. In essence, ethics can be explained as the moral principles and criteria that steer individuals on what… Continue Reading...

The Nature and Origin Of Justice

Argument: A Comparative Study of Plato's Republic and Aristotle's Nicomachean ethics. Oxford University Press, USA. Smith, G. H. (2016). Immanuel Kant’s Theory of Justice. Libertarianism. Retrieved from: https://www.libertarianism.org/columns/immanuel-kants-theory-justice   Continue Reading...

The Leadership Of Martin Luther King

an emotional appeal, and making an appeal to logic. From the standpoint of ethos—or ethics—King states that he is there in Birmingham “because injustice is here” (King, 1963). As a Baptist minister and a leader of the civil rights movement, he feels he has duty and moral responsibility to be Alabama. He notes, moreover, that he did not show up uninvited but rather that because of “organizational ties,” he was asked to come and represent his organization, which had chapters all over. Thus, King was not an outsider inserting himself into regional politics but rather a concerned leader of… Continue Reading...

Future Of Policing Law Enforcement

organizational culture of policing needs to reflect the core values and ethics of the institutions of law enforcement. Only through leadership and organizational culture changes can the public expect to see tangible differences in officer comportment and procedural justice. The first pillar of change in 21st century policing is building trust and legitimacy (The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, 2015). Community policing models are one way of building trust and legitimacy. Building trust and legitimacy means remaining responsive to community concerns. It also means improving the ethical standards of police behavior, improving accountability, and ensuring that officers… Continue Reading...

Fracking

Fracking and ethics Introduction While “fracking”—the term applied to the practice of hydraulic fracturing of rock to gain access to the oil or gas underground—has been hailed as a revolutionary way for the oil industry to draw oil from previously hard to reach places, there are a variety of ethical issues surrounding the practice (Evensen & Stedman, 2018). Stakeholders in the issue of fracking go beyond those in the oil/gas industry, however. They include people in communities, whose water supply has been contaminated as a result of fracking. They… Continue Reading...

How a Personal Leadership Philosophy Works

like the organization to be, and how we can work together to improve its ethics and its performance. Bibliography Headquarters, Department of the Army. ADRP 6-0: Mission Command. May 2012. https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/adrp6_0.pdf Leboeuf, Maureen K. “Developing a Leadership Philosophy.” 1999. http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/leboeuf.htm   Continue Reading...

Adam Smith Capitalism Ethics and Business

unethical behavior or at least to facilitate thee tendency to abnegate personal responsibility and accountability. The conflict between personal ethics and organizational behavior is borne out in the research by Cojuhuarenco, Shteynberg, Gelfland, et al. (2012). Cojuhuarenco, Shteynberg, Gelfland, et al. (2012) also show how gender and self concept impact ethical decision making as much as the normative ethical culture in the organization. An abundance of research reveals the detrimental effects of unethical behavior in organizations (Askew, Beisler & Keel, 2015). Given the deleterious effects of unethical behavior at the micro-level within organizations, as well as at the macro-level… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Employment Law

Older workers are consistently discriminated against in job hiring. Mic. Retrieved from: https://mic.com/articles/189141/older-workers-are-consistently- discriminated-against-in-job-hiring-heres-how-we-can-fix-that#.w7MlPGB5t Mosser, K. (2013). ethics and social responsibility (2nd ed.) [Electronic version]. In the modern online world where it is possible to post on social media 24/7, people have countless opportunities to share information about themselves (Perego, 2010). This also means that employers and prospective employers have the ability to monitor non-workplace activities of prospective and current employees. Some employees are banned from using social media, because of fears that it can lead to security breaches or reflect poorly upon their employers. Since most employees are hired… Continue Reading...

Target S Corporate and Social Responsibility

the type of CSR and reputation interact to affect consumer evaluations of the firm. Journal of business ethics, 105(1), 69-81. Susheel, C. (2018). Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement and Social Change in Contemporary Society. New Delhi: IGI Global. Target Corporation. (2009). Future At Heart. Retrieved from: https://corporate.target.com/corporate-responsibility/Future-at-Heart Target Corporation. (2019). Issue Advocacy. Retrieved from: https://corporate.target.com/corporate-responsibility/civic-activity/issues-advocacy Target Corporation. (2019). Political Engagement. Retrieved from: https://corporate.target.com/corporate-responsibility/civic-activity/political-engagement Target Corporation. (2019). Public Policy. Retrieved from: https://corporate.target.com/corporate-responsibility/civic-activity/public-policy   Continue Reading...

Why Animal Testing Should Be Banned

(Bishop & Manupello, 2012). While animals have been used for medical experimentation since antiquity, the debate over the ethics of the practice dates back to at least the 18th century (Hajar, 2011). During the 18th century, there were growing suspicions that the basic foundation for using animals for experiments was severely flawed. As noted above, arguments in support of animal testing for medical research and even commercial products exist along a continuum between two extremes in which the practice is allowed for virtually any purpose that holds even a slim promise of benefiting humankind in some fashion to using animals… Continue Reading...