European Union Essays


Brexit Essay

Essay 8. Conclusion 9. Works Cited Potential Titles The Potential Effects of Brexit on the european union Why Did the UK Voters Approve Brexit? Developing Post-Brexit Trade with the european union Topics The Economic and Political Continue Reading... Continue Reading...

North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta)

a similar agreement which is called the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Project, or T-TIP for short, with the european union. Finally, there are broad-based agreements that involve free trade such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and a few others that are noteworthy (USTR).   Benefits of NAFTA As far as whether the NAFTA agreement benefits the United States, the answer is dependent on one's perspective and ideas about outsourcing and the shifting of manufacturing. To use the perspective of the United States in particular, the outsourcing of jobs to countries like Mexico has hit the unskilled… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

as religious situations when it comes to civil partnerships, the obligations of the european union (EU) and beyond. Speaking of the european union, the EA 2010 derives much of its and logic from the european union (United Kingdom, 2016). Discrimination Types Covered by EA 2010 This item was mostly answered in the scope section just completed. However, it does deserve a separate and more drawn out mention in this section as this section was required by the assignment. Indeed, the average award for employment discrimination in the UK is about £16,000 so it obviously behooves employers to be very… Continue Reading...

Open Source Software

the Internet, making digital cooperation among geographically-distinct entities possible. The Danish public sector and the entire european union are switching to digital communications when supplying public services -- citizens are situated at the core of this initiative. In other words, coherent services must be provided on a larger level, calling for collaboration among administrative entities and between EU administrative levels, local and county authorities, and national governments (Fitzgerald et al., 2011; Gaff & Ploussios, 2012). Such change urgently requires IT systems for e-governance (e.g., with respect to exchange alternatives among authorities, on security the exchange occurs with, and with… Continue Reading...

Conquering the Energy Industry

Industry, 2008. Retrieved from: https://www.energyinst.org/documents/5 International Labour Office. Skills and Occupational. Needs in Renewable Energy. european union, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/- -- ed_emp/- -- ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_166823.pdf Continue Reading...

Germanys Economic Policies

bailouts to private banks, leading to short-term economic instability. Germany's decision to align with the Euro and the european union has also proved favorable, creating further stability even with the addition of Brexit and other problems in the EU (Bachtler and Turok, 2013). Thanks to such impressive gains, German assumed a main part in the fight against Europe's sovereign debt crisis. To this end Germany has become an advocate of what can be seen as a European banking union that would include policy changes for bank restricting during a time of crisis. The country also wishes to defend its domestic… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

on account of structural modifications set off by the european union's renewed CSR strategy for 2011-14 (EU Commission, 2011). The approach had the potential to produce a mediating impact, applied by CSR-related EU national policies subsequent to the year 2012. Information from 3809 business-year reports and 506 businesses marks the point at which the sample choice process commences. This research will apply a dependent variable lag-structure on the basis of past research. The structure will, however, exclude year-2012 observations. Furthermore, for this research, organizations not having information for a specific year will be excluded, as their inclusion may lead… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

aligned with NATO, and is politicians dreamed of the european union, most of Turkey remains rural, conservative and religious (Taspinar, 2012). The tension also manifests in the situation with the Kurdish minority. Kurds in general are highly religious and rural, and the Turkish government has oppressed that group, leading to open rebellion among Kurds. The struggles that the Kurds have taken on an ethnic component, of course, but they also reflect the idea that the tensions between Islam and the Republic of Turkey are not just about the direction of the Islamic faith, but about power. One outcome of… Continue Reading...

Uk Trade Policy and Its Departure from the Eu

Difficulties In June 2016, the UK voted to leave the european union (EU). Commonly called "Brexit," the decision has raised a number of questions regarding Britain's current trading arrangements as well as possibilities and obstacles that await the UK post-EU (Hatzigeorgiou, Lodefalk, 2016). From a trade theory and policy perspective, this paper will assess the UK's current trading arrangements along with the potential advantages and difficulties it will likely face as a result of being outside the EU. From a mercantilist trade theory perspective, Britain's current trading arrangements are based on what is good for the EU member states (Britain… Continue Reading...

Solow Growth Model and Unemployment

shocks have some explanatory power over European employment. The european union has changed over time, with a major shift coming with the fall of the Iron Curtain. That brought a large pool of workers into the European labour market, especially in Germany first, but then later when many Eastern European nations were admitted into the EU. The creation of the Schengen Zone increased labour mobility at the same time -- Europe's labour pools are no longer national, but transnational. The emergence of China (and other Asian nations) as economic powers, and the rise of global trade, have also had… Continue Reading...

How Cultures Influence Teams

(TPP) Agreement and is in negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) with the european union, which is likely outdated given the fact that the newly elected president has cancelled these agreements before they were enacted. The USTR also is categorized into different issues in which they consider when drafting any trade agreements which include agriculture, environment, labor, and many more. However, since this is a function of the Executive Branch, it is likely that many of the issues will be reprioritized when the new president's priorities are listed. The GLOBE Dr. Robert House from the University… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

to comply with EC directives on type examination certificates of approval and european union (EU) directives. These include: 1. Construction Plant and Equipment (Harmonization of Noise Emission Standards) Regulations 1988 (as amended). 2. Falling Object Protective Structure for Construction Plant (EC Requirements) Regulations 1988. 3. Roll-over Protective Structures for Construction Plant (EC Requirements) Regulations 1988. 4. Construction Sites Directive (92/57/EEC). 5. Working Time Directive (93/104/EEC). By virtue of the legal framework, the management has undertaken all necessary protocol to conform with the frameworks in order to abide with the law. Thus, the management has been able to conform with… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

common market, and economic union. The most extremely advanced regional integration is the european union (EU). Through the Maastricht Treaty, it was formed as a comprehensive economic union with free movement of labor amongst member states and the Euro was espoused as the common currency. The North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA) is another example, and it is a FTA between the United States, Canada and Mexico. Its purpose is to expand trade through eradication of all trade barriers. The other example is the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Regional integration does have its costs and benefits.… Continue Reading...

Emotional Labour and Gendered Occupational Segregation

segregation in the labour market: root causes, implications and policy responses in the EU. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the european union. Ghalandari, K., Jogh, M., Imani, M. and Nia, L. (2012) The effect of emotional labour strategies on employees job performance and organisational commitment in hospital sector: moderating role of emotional intelligence in Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal, 17(3), 319-326. Hochschild, A. (1983) The managed heart: commercialisation of human feeling. Berkeley: University of California Press. Huppatz, K. (2012) Gender capital at work: intersections of femininity, masculinity, class and occupation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Kinman, G. (2009) Emotional labour in… Continue Reading...

Economic and Environmental Benefits Of Short Sea Shipping

shared coastline without crossing an ocean. Short seas shipping has been at the forefront of the european union's transport policy mainly because it offers the potential to reduce road congestion and reduce pollution (Fafaliou, Lekakou, & Theotokas, 2006). Currently, short seas shipping accounts for about 40% of all freight that is moved within Europe (Denisis, 2009). It has been noted that using short sea shipping services offers a country environmental and economic benefits when compared to the traditional modes of transportation. Using short sea shipping a country can have consistent, timely, and reliable services. Transportation of cargo is vital… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

search engine optimization CPRC = Crime Prevention Research Center EC = European Commission EU = european union NATO = North Atlantic Treaty Organization Chapter 1: Introduction While literature on the relationship between firearm legislation and its impact on firearm-related violence exists, its quantity and quality is questionable. As Duquet and Van Alstein (2015) have shown, "studies investigating the correlations between gun ownership and violent deaths in a purely European context seem to be lacking" (p. 41). While these researchers, after performing their own study of European data, concluded that there is a strong correlation between gun ownership and firearm-related deaths in Europe,… Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

to Protect Victims of Crime'. http://www.inm-lex.ro/fisiere/d_926/Project%20Handbook_final.pdf This is a report of a council that was financed by the european union and put together and implement by the Superior Council of Magistracy of Romania. Being a council, it had the far reaching mandate and scope in ensuring the field of victims of crime was effectively covered and also divergent approaches, ideas and theories used from the various and numerous members of the council. The council used case studies, literature review and focus groups as the main sources of the information presented in the report. The council puts into perspective several case… Continue Reading...

Credit Rating Agencies Essay

methodology used by CRAs (Mierzwinski & Chester, 2007). In the european union, though, revised rules adopted in May 2013 included mandatory rotation of CRAs and approval of the methodology they use in assigning credit ratings (Update on regulation of credit rating agencies, 2013). Credit Rating Agency Reform Act of 2006. In 2006, Congress passed the Credit Rating Agency Reform Act that required the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to promulgate clear guidelines to identify credit rating agencies that would qualify as Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations (NRSROs) (Credit reporting agencies, 2014). The Credit Rating Agency Reform Act also… Continue Reading...

Gaap and Ifrs Convergence Pros and Cons

Europe, IFRS came about as part of a move towards trans-national rules and regulations, tied into the european union and other neoliberal artifacts. In the United States, GAAP arose to meet the needs of American business. Yes, the adjustment to IFRS would meet the needs of foreign issuers, and by extension American capital markets. But that was not enough to overcome resistance from many of the other stakeholders. The resistance could be seen as stubbornness, or it could reasonably be seen as a rejection of some of the ideas, principles, and underlying philosophies of accounting that were essentially being… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

it impacts all nations worldwide, its increased significance within the european union is owing to the region being among the world’s most developed ones. Global immigration may be segregated into the following 3 key periods: 1) pre-1945, a period that witnessed a never- before- seen scope and scale of the phenomenon; 2) 1945 - early 1970, comprising of labor immigration to the Western European region, colonial worker immigration, and permanent shifts to Australia, the US and Canada; and 3) The millennium 2000, whose migratory trends spurred immense global change. Europe’s political agenda ardently debates the matter of illegal immigration,… Continue Reading...

Political Systems in Ireland and Britain

(The Republic and Politics of the Republic of Ireland). Changes to economic policy, and their different relationships with the european union and international community have influenced political culture and institutions in both countries. Finally, one major difference between the United Kingdom and Ireland has been the role of the Church in politics. Whereas England has long fought to keep Church and State matters separate, Ireland’s Constitution actually outlines formal powers for the Catholic Church. Although the political system in Ireland borrows heavily from the Westminster model, it can hardly be called derivative. Many of Ireland’s political institutions and procedures… Continue Reading...

Europe and the Modern Era

of the European soil. A practical peace was outlined at the end of it and today the european union (EU) exists to promote peace and stability. However, that too may soon be ending, as the UK has exited the EU and other countries may soon follow. References Bryan, W. V. (2014) Multicultural aspects human behavior. Springfield, IL: Charles C.Thomas Publisher, LTD. Charlemagne. (n.d.). History. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/charlemagne Lucie-Smith, A. (2011). Is Belloc best forgotten? Retrieved from http://www.catholicherald.co.uk/commentandblogs/2011/12/05/is-belloc-best-forgotten/ Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

will insufficient institutions framework (Ferrell & Sanders, 2013) Working models from other countries especially in the european union Availability of funds and alternative working models Socio-economic imbalance Social economic imbalance Health and related issues Funding additional research in the impact and effects of fracking Political willingness Availability of national and international research findings Availability of funds Monitoring and evaluation Lack of transparency and presence of researcher bias Lack of data and data verification methods Institutional capabilities Existing data and credible research methods Politics and partisan agendas Challenges in the determination of controversial data Data acquisition takes long, requires widespread, and long-term… Continue Reading...

Will Brazil Become a Global Trade Partner

with the entirety of South America into one union similar to the european union and create a currency that can compete in the global market. Regional integration in that regard can promote a basis from which a global reach is possible. By improving trade among the countries within South America through a stable universal currency, countries like Brazil will be able to easily compete with European exporters like Germany and United Kingdom. Globalization after all, calls for some form unification and emergence of standardization. To do that, some political barriers must be done away. They must try to generate… Continue Reading...

Sustainable Construction and Structural Insulated Panels

housing. These buildings may account for over 40% of energy consumption (Kibert, 2016). In fact, construction for the european union has led to an estimated 40% of every human-produced waste (UNEP, 2001). While recent trends may suggest less consumption through new building techniques and materials, it is sustainable construction that directly tackles the problem of excessive waste witnessed using traditional methods. Sustainable construction in the form of SIPs is an easy and cost-effective solution more people need to use. Background – What are SIPs? Sustainable building aims at addressing the bigger and much more significant macro-flaws in the approach… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

immigrants in the UK.  London: Institute for Public Policy Research. Available at: http:///www.ippr.org/publications/paying-their-way-the-fiscal-contribution-of-immigrants-in-the-uk (Accessed: 30/08/16). Wadsworth, J. (2014). Immigration, the european union and the UK labour market. CEPPA015. London. Centre of Economic Performance. Available at: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/57984/ (Accessed 30/08/16). Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Strategy Implementation at the Coca-cola Corporation

split on the basis of the various regions including european union, Eurasia, North America, Africa and the Pacific. The regions are further split into geographical areas (Coca Cola Company, 2018). Through decentralizing their decision-making process, they can respond fast to the ever-changing demands of the market. The management at higher level is allowed time to concentrate on long term plans. Some company divisions such as innovation, human resource, strategy planning and finance are located within the company’s corporate division. Some of the functions are carried out at lower levels in the various regions of the company. Nevertheless, the highest-level… Continue Reading...

India Government and Economics

controls on foreign trade (CIA World Factbook, 2018; World Bank, 2018). Currently, the european union is actually India’s number one trading partner, accounting for 13.5% of India\'s overall trade with the world in 2015-16 (European Commission, 2018). China and the United States are a close second. India’s India Central Board of Excise and Customs controls tariffs, which do fluctuate in response to market conditions. For example, in November of 2017, India imposed a whopping 50% import tariff on Canadian peas (Nickel & Jadhav, 2017). While it is understandable India might want to encourage more domestic pea production, “the short-term… Continue Reading...

Brexit Essay

Potential Titles The Potential Effects of Brexit on the european union Why Did the UK Voters Approve Brexit? Developing Post-Brexit Trade with the european union Topics The Economic and Political Impact of Brexit The International Implications of Brexit Should the UK Reconsider Its Brexit Decision? The Pros and Cons of the Brexit Decision Outline I.  Abstract II.  Introduction III.  Body A.  Background and overview B.  Immediate after effect of Brexit vote C.  What the future holds IV.  Conclusion Abstract In June 2016, voters in the United Kingdom approved the so-called “Brexit” referendum, signaling the… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

intends to prevent this type of data “issue” in the future by voluntarily implementing the protections contained in the european union’s General Data Protection Regulation.  Instead of waiting until it is compelled, by law, to give users these protections, it will self-implement them.  In addition, Facebook is discussing increasing transparency in political advertisement.  Perhaps most importantly, Facebook is researching how it has influenced elections; some of the failure to better regulate how is user data was used to influence elections may have been the result of failing to understand just how effective a relatively small amount of data could… Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

and way of life. In today’s world, we see three dominant world cultures; US, european union and Japan. This cultural group sets the world’s agenda” (Sundby, 2018). When emerging nations such as Brazil, India and China come on the world stage, more and more people have argued that they are bending to the cultural influence of the big three.  However, supporters of globalization have argued that culture are continually changing and have evolved and adapted since the beginning of time—one shouldn’t necessarily blame globalization for that. The influence of cultures on one another is just more acute now.  However,… Continue Reading...

Brexit

was held in the United Kingdom, where voters were asked to decide between remaining in the european union or leaving it. The vote was close – 51.9% voted to leave and 48.1% voted to stay, and the turnout was 71.8% (Hunt & Wheeler, 2018). The terms of the vote were that the UK was to leave the EU by March 29, 2019, and at present the EU is in a transition period leading up to what is known as "Brexit." Why Brexit? There are a few issues worth unpacking with respect to why the UK is leaving the EU.… Continue Reading...

Brexit and the European Union

One of the greatest blows to the european union has been the vote of one of the Union’s key members, Great Britain, to exit the EU in a measure known as Brexit. The resolution was passed by only a slim majority of the British public. Concerns about the stability of the Union as the United Kingdom begins to make its slow break from the fold were heighted recently, according to John Cassidy’s 2018 article in the New Yorker: “Boris Johnson’s Resignation Can’t Disguise the Harsh Reality of… Continue Reading...

Music Industry Intellectual Property

(2018). Copyright Exhaustion: Law and Policy in the United States and the european union. New York, NY: Cambridge University Recording Industry Association of America – RIAA. (2017). News and Notes on 2016 RIAA Shipment and Revenue Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.riaa.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/RIAA-2016-Year-End-News-Notes.pdf. Weissman, D. (2017). Understanding the Music Business: Real World Insights (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. Continue Reading...

Database Professionals Employment Trends in Us and Monaco

are not so different than those in the US. The economy in Monaco is greatly influenced by the european union (EU). With the dynamism of the EU economies, Monaco's unique service offerings will greatly benefit. The offering of high-class tourism means that the country is able to attract the high and might in society and there need to ensure that the information provided by these individuals is well secured. Processing of information should also be streamlined in order to eliminate any glitches. Database professionals will be charged with tuning the applications being used to boost efficiency and optimize access.… Continue Reading...

Social and Environmental Challenges Facing Megacities

For instance, in Paris, the most populous city in the european union, social tensions were recently witnessed between Muslims and non-Muslims. These tensions resulted in the ban on Muslim street prayers in 2011 and outlawing the burqa (Heyzer et al., 2016). Environmental Challenges Facing Megacities In addition to social challenges, overcrowding in megacities has also been a source of environmental challenges. Some of these environmental challenges have contributed to poor living conditions while others are by-products of the living standards and human activities in these cities. Air Pollution One of the major environmental problems facing megacities due to overcrowding… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

much of the general public as to prevent Turkey from ever aligning itself fully with the european union. Instead, Erdogan has been “articulating a supra-religious and supra-ethnic Ottoman identity,” which extends from same the means by which the sultans extended their rule throughout the Mediterranean (Yavuz, 2018, p. 1). During Ottoman times, there was no semblance of democracy and no attempt to empower the people even symbolically; and by extension now the nation is ruled by a single-party authoritarian system. Erdogan might not call himself a sultan but just uses modern parlance for his position of power. The difference… Continue Reading...

Company Strategy Merck Versus Pfizer

more companies began to enter into the fray of developing new drugs. With the expansion of the european union, approval was facilitated for new drugs across all member nations, thus empowering European companies with the ability to make greater profits (Collis & Smith, 2007, p.6). The developing nations of China and India became more competitive, as China had access to more raw chemical materials to produce drugs and India began to graduate more highly trained specialists in the field of chemical engineering (Collis & Smith, 2007, p.6). Greater competition means that companies must price their products more competitively. One… Continue Reading...

Emirates Airlines Pestle and Swot Analysis

political factors that have impacted Emirates Airlines. 1. Brexit The decision by Britain to leave the european union impacted travel across Europe. The voting decision to leave the EU without a doubt had some economic disruption in addition to the effect of the political and economic volatility in the European nations. This political instability resulted in decreasing demand and the decline in demand implies less people consumers travelling on airplanes. Emirates Airlines were amongst those that largely profited from the EU arrangements to open airspace and free movement of persons. Brexit will without a doubt give rise to a long-winded period… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of the European Parliament

as Ronald Holzhacker points out, “scholars, politicians and the public have bemoaned a lack of democratic legitimacy in the european union (EU) for decades.”[footnoteRef:2] [2: Ronald Holzhacker, "Democratic legitimacy and the european union." European Integration 29, no. 3 (2007), 257.] The Central Question The question this essay aims to answer is: To what extent does the European Parliament (EP) provide democratic legitimacy to the european union? Key Terms Democratic legitimacy is defined as “citizen orientations toward the main principles of the political regime or the entire political system (i.e., democracy and not a particular administration, needs to be perceived as the best… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Globalization

consequences that are not just economic.  They have helped contribute to Great Britain’s decision to leave the european union, to the election of Donald Trump and the erosion of some of the principals of democracy in the United States, and to overtly anti-Muslim laws and regulations in France.   Another challenge of globalization, which is related to, but distinct from, the threat of economic vulnerability, is the threat of loss of cultural identity.  For many people and for many years, globalization was seen as being dependent upon taking a melting pot approach.  This has meant that members of minority… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brexit on Financial Firms

will make a decision on whether or not to accept Britain’s withdrawal agreement with the european union. What are the ramifications for businesses, most specifically financial firms? From a PESTEL analysis perspective, it is important to note that financial firms ought to not only assess, but also analyze the relevant macro-environmental factors likely to impact the way they do business. Four factors will be taken into consideration in this discussion, with the context being the article; Financial Firms have Quietly Prepared for Brexit. There said factors are political, social, economic, and legal factors. Political This has got to do… Continue Reading...

Why Animal Testing Should Be Banned

animals is too high a price for many people to accept in a modern society. For example, the european union has outlawed the practice of using animal testing for any types of cosmetic ingredients (Berggren & Amcoff, 2015). In addition, India, Norway and Israel have also implemented similar laws that ban using animals for testing for commercial products outright (Countries around the world work to ban cosmetics testing on animals, 2019). Likewise, New Zealand, South Korea, Afghanistan, Canada and Taiwan have also introduced legislation in recent months to outlaw animal testing for commercial products (Countries around the world, 2019),… Continue Reading...