Feminism Essays


Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

men. However, this is not the case. Understood correctly, feminism is a viewpoint that views society as usually incapable among men and women and strives for fairness among the sexes. Theory of Social Action goes with structural perspective The concept of Voluntarism in action theory implies a conscious mind, capable of making decisions. We voluntarily choose to conform to social norms 4.Explain institutional racism and ways it can exist in the workforce. Institutional racism is an outline of social organizations -- for example, governmental organizations, schools, courts of law and banks, -- contributing negative treatment to a group of… Continue Reading...

Feminism in the Hunting Trip on Parks and Recreation

feminism in "The Hunting Trip" Parks and Recreation -- Season 2 Episode Parks and Recreation was a hit comedy TV show that debuted in 2009 and ran 125 episodes until its finale in 2015. The show focused on a bureaucratic organization tasked to run a local Park Department in a fictional town in Illinois. The show based upon the main character, Leslie Knope, who undertakes a series of projects and mingles with a range of different types a characters in a dynamic and humorous way.… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

have greatly contributed to films, literature, and theories such as feminism, psychology, philosophy and criticism. Freud is also known for theories such as unconscious mind, specifically those revolving around repression mechanism. He redefined sexual desire as mobile and believed that it is directed towards a wide variety of objects. His therapeutic techniques improved the understanding of transference in therapeutic relationship. The technique presumed that human beings are able to gain insight into the unconscious desires through dreams. Freud's psychoanalysis had an objective of bringing the repressed feelings and thoughts to consciousness. Freud's successors including his daughter Anna Freud postulated… Continue Reading...

Literary Works Referring to the Mental Illness

mental problem for an individual. The Barbie Doll was published in 1971 when the wave of feminism was at its peak, and the poem revealed how the patriarchal society put pressures and expectation on women through a gender role stereotyping. The poem describes the situation of a girl who dies because the society intends her to meet an unrealistic expectation. The poem continues discussing the girl's life revealing various feminist issues that include sexism, gender stereotypes, and their effects on patriarchal society. The author wrote the poem in the era when women were concerned about their workplace, family and… Continue Reading...

Rise Of Feminism and Women Rights During the Ww1

lives. The contraception gospel spread and this was a form of liberation for women. feminism is a term that came into use in the 1910s and looked at issues of marriage, sexuality, the workplace and the home, which were all beside the suffrage issue. In 1910, the Women's Political Union manage to organize the first women suffrage parade in New York City and later in 1911, the National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage (NAOWS) was structured. Mrs. Dodge Arthur led the movement. The members included influential and wealthy women, brewers and distillers, Catholic clergymen and corporate capitalists. The National Women's… Continue Reading...

Post Feminism and Hip Hop

to express themselves, lending to a postfeminism mindset. What is postfeminism? It technically means 'after feminism' and can be seen as a positive term in the sense that women now live in an era that allows them more rights. For example, women can now vote, own businesses, and be political leaders. While there is a lot left to progress like the narrowing of the wage gap and eradication of rape culture, women like the protagonist in the video have the freedom to dance in the streets for a music video without worry that someone will come and harm her. Women… Continue Reading...

Failing the Bechdel Test

in movies. Bibliography Butler, Judith. "Subjects of Sex/Gender/Desire" in Gender Trouble: feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York, N.Y: Routledge, 1990. Coates, Ta-Nehisi. "A Letter to My Son," The Atlantic, July 4, 2015. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/07/tanehisi-coates-between-the-world-and-me/397619/ Fausto-Sterling, Anne. "The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough." The Sciences. 20-24. 1993. Foucault, Michael. Discipline and Punishment: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books. 1975. End Notes 1. Ta-Nehisi Coates, "A Letter to My Son," The Atlantic, July 4, 2015. 2. Anne Fausto-Sterling, "The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough," The Sciences, 1993. 20 3. Judith Butler,… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

reach of the underclass. The Woodlanders is Hardy's exploration of social Darwinism, biological Darwinism, Marxism, and feminism. The novel expresses Hardy's evolutionary pessimism, as Irvine does suggest. The way nature progresses is indeed cruel, sometimes senselessly and violently so. Nature kills the kindest and softest of creatures, symbolized by Giles. Yet nature also allows for cleverness and moral righteousness to triumph in the end. Symbolized by characters like Grace and Marty, the underclass is the meek that inherit the earth. Whereas nature propagates itself "blindly," without care for ethics or justice, human beings can have a greater say in… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

and beyond. Rutgers University Press, 1990. This comparative sociological study of the 1840-1920 female suffrage movement and the modern feminism delineates similarities and dissimilarities between the two movements, dominant feminist subjects emerging with time and both campaigns' unique concerns within a socio-historical context. Comparisons are made based on the movements' roots, races and classes participating in them, type of organization, philosophies, end results and counter-movements (especially counter-movement sources), by utilizing the resource mobilization model. The underlying causes for female rights movements and the medley of triumphs and setbacks experienced by traditional and contemporary women's movements are addressed. When acknowledging modern… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

Prostitution and feminism: Questions for a Modern Society In answer to the question of whether prostitution is just another line of work, the most comprehensive and simplest answer is to say, no, it is not. The reason for this is that there are too many complexities associated with prostitution -- not just ethical and moral issues -- but also social, legal, economic, political, safety, and theoretical issues that color the sex industry. True, one could argue that any field of labor or industry could be discussed using… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Gender in International Relations

One of the major issues that have characterized international relations (IR) discourse is the role and significance of gender.  Steans (2006) states that gender issues in international relations (IR) are usually very controversial and highly political.  The controversy associated with this issue is attributable to the fact that gender IR is an increasingly political issue.  This paper focuses on examining the role and significance of gender in international relations given the increased controversy and politics surrounding it.  This paper demonstrates that gender is an important issue in IR, especially with the increased role of men and women in world politics.… Continue Reading...

Confucian Virtues and Gender

in this culture and have thought it to be a low point for feminism, when considered in the broader context of the totality of Neo-Confucian reforms, the situation can be viewed in a different light; especially in regards to the educational freedoms allotted to women. 3. Accept, qualify or refute Herr's contention that, "the Confucian family, once reconstructed in line with Confucianism's core ideas and values, can be conducive to a feminist future in East Asia that is uniquely Confucian. Today, feminism, and its central tenant of equality, have major implications for all modern societies as the struggles for… Continue Reading...

Film Juno Analysis

essentially feminist outlook. By conveying a soft brand of feminism with ironic overtimes, the Reitman film manages to appeal to a broad mainstream audience, pleasing the pro-life set in that Juno keeps the baby and also avoiding what could have easily become proselytizing for the anti-choice movement. The writing is one reason why Juno became relatively successful, earning Diablo Cody an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. Adding liberal doses of both wet and dry comedy helps to uplift what might otherwise been a heavy film about a difficult subject. For example, when Juno breaks the news to her… Continue Reading...

Social Control As Displayed in the Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood

in Margaret Atwood's the Handmaid's Tale. 2012. http://www.ipedr.com/vol56/026-ICOSH2012-F10041.pdf Margaret Artwood. The Handmaid's Tale. 1987. http://www.novelas.rodriguezalvarez.com/pdfs/Atwood,%20M.%20%27%27the%20Handmaid%27s%20Tale%27%27-Xx-En-Sp-Xx.pdf Shirley Neuman. "Just a Backlash': Margaret Atwood, feminism, and The Handmaid's Tale," University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities. 2006. Summer 75 (3) 857-868. Wisker G. The Handmaid's Tale. London: Continuum, 2010. Continue Reading...

Lillian Hellman Biography by Kessler Harris

encapsulate many of the twentieth century’s challenges,” (Kessler-Harris, 2013, p. 4). feminism and communism play the most important roles in Hellman’s life, as the playwright boldly stood up for the core principles and values that characterized her country. A Difficult Woman is divided into eleven chapters plus the introduction. The introduction outlines Kessler-Harris’s methodology and approach to the biography. Opening with a bold illustration of Hellman posing for an advertisement at age 71, cigarette dangling from her confident, defiant hand. The photograph does encapsulate the life—and indeed the times—of Lillian Hellman, and provides a solid introduction to the tone… Continue Reading...

Gospel Of Matthew 23 and Hypocrisy

themes in a homily. A sermon could broach concepts like feminism or political populism, for example. Harrington (1991) also points out that Christian communities continue to reconcile the essential message of egalitarianism embedded in this passage with “the sociological necessity for institutionalization,” (p. 324). Senior offers a frank analysis of the diction used in Matthew 23, which also adds nuance to any sermon. For example, Senior (1998) talks about Jesus’s “bitter denunciation of the scribes and Pharisees” and “the Gospel’s hostile estimation of the religious leaders,” p. 257). Leaders are “condemned as status seekers,” and for doing good deeds… Continue Reading...

Feminism Article Review

that is based on a qualitative year-long study of young women and their perception of feminism. The author intended to establish if there are any changes in perception of gender within the personal lives of the women after they took the Women's Studies program (Hughes). It is clear that gender perceptions are based on an individual's culture and upbringing with different cultures having different views on the roles of women. This article articulates this clearly and the author has managed to demonstrate how these perceptions change within a short period of time. The women were first interviewed when they… Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

errors Bork (1996) makes is in lambasting “the angry activists of feminism, homosexuality, environmentalism, animal rights,” which he calls moral “pollutions,” instead of examples of grassroots social activism that brings about genuine moral betterment in society (p. 5). By far the most problematic passage of Bork’s essay is his claim, “we have redefined what we mean by such things as child abuse, rape, and racial or sexual discrimination so that behavior until recently thought quite normal, unremarkable, even benign, is now identified as blameworthy or even criminal,” (p. 5). It seems the author would prefer to return to the… Continue Reading...

Girl Power Feminism

Girl Power feminism and the Illusion of Control Girl power feminism ala the sort represented by today’s new age pop starlets like Miley and the other graduates of the Mickey Mouse Club school of adolescent sexuality have embraced their sexuality—as they say—though what it appears objectively to symbolize is their willingness to be objectified by the male gaze so long as they can control the discourse, the narrative, the image—and not be “shamed” for what earlier generations would have deemed “slutty,” “trashy,”… Continue Reading...

Sexism in Advertising Media

ads, Victoria’s Secrtet ads, beer commercials, and so on, where women’s bodies are like commodities. feminism challenged the notion of this objectification of women for a time, but in the post-feminist culture of today, sex has bombarded media and women appear more objectified than ever—and willingly so. Women in the media appear to celebrate their sexuality in a way that would have been frowned upon in the Feminist era as a kowtowing to sexism by men (i.e., women acting like nothing more than eye candy for the male gaze). However, as Rosalind Gill (2015) points out, the concept of sex… Continue Reading...

Sexism and the Media

objectified in order to satisfy the “male gaze” as Laura Mulvey put it (Turow, 2009, p. 195). feminism challenged the notion of the objectification of women for a time, but in the post-feminist culture of today, sex has bombarded media and women appear more objectified than ever—and willingly so. Women in the media appear to celebrate their sexuality in a way that would have been frowned upon in the Feminist era as a kowtowing to sexism by men (i.e., women acting like nothing more than eye candy for the male gaze). However, as Rosalind Gill (2015) points out, the… Continue Reading...

Shakespeare in Love Gender Communication

actor on the stage, despite the fact she has no role models. It inserts a very contemporary vision of feminism to an Elizabethan setting by showing a woman embodying an empowered ideal of feminism and artistic embodiment that did not occur until much later in British theater history. This similarly highlights the gendered nature of stereotypes from culture to culture, given that in contemporary culture, it is much more common to stereotype the arts as female rather than male in nature. Yet in Shakespeare’s time, theater was a wholly male institution and pursuit. Conclusion Shakespeare in Love was a… Continue Reading...

Literacy Rates Among Females in Developing Countries

(3rd ed.), edited by Mary B. Street.Springer International Publishing, 1.] Constructivism and feminism can both be theories that are applied to this research. The theoretical framework of constructivist developmental theory is useful because this perspective shows the way in which literacy as a vehicle for knowledge development is an important part in social development. It coincides with the feminist framework applied by Robinson-Pant, which uses gender as an approach for investigating the link between female literacy and economic development.[footnoteRef:3] However, the constructivist approach allows for a focus on the link between learning and socio-economic development based on the external factors… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

Science, vol. 2, 2015, pp. 77-89. Marandi, Seyed Mohammad, and Zeinab Ghasemi Tari. "Orientalist feminism; Representation of Muslim Women in Two American Novels: Terrorist and Falling Man." 2012. Mernissi, Fatima. Beyond the Veil: Male-female Dynamics in a Modern Muslim Society. London, 1985. Mikhai, M. "The Role of Women in Arabic Literature | Middle East & Islamic Studies Collection." Middle East Collection | Middle East & Islamic Studies Collection, middleeast.library.cornell.edu/content/role-women-arabic-literature. Nafisi, Azar. Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books. 2015. Said, Edward W. Orientalism. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2014. Straley, Dona S. "Insignificant Woman." The Undergraduate's Companion to Arab Writers and Their Web Sites, ABC-CLIO, 2004. Tayyen, Saya. "From Orientalist Sexual Object to… Continue Reading...

The Historical Construction Of Rape Sexuality Race

African Americans in the public sphere in the decades following abolition, the origins of feminism, and the political connection between feminism and abolitionism. In conclusion, Fredman contributes significantly to historical and sociological accounts of rape, primarily by differentiating between the ways black and white males are depicted in the media. White males were socially sanctioned for rape too, albeit far less often and mainly in connection with child victims. Thus, white males were vilified mainly as child rapists, and Fredman shows how these depictions chronologically corresponded with changes in statutory rape laws. Fredman also challenges the underlying assumption about… Continue Reading...

Postpartum Depression and Gilman Yellow Wallpaper

Wallpaper” continues to resonate for its general implications for feminism and social justice, and also for its specific applications to psychology and treatments for mental illness. Postpartum depression represents a convergence of psychological and sociological issues; it is as related to individual level variables as it is to the overarching social norms that create identity conflicts, anxiety, and mood disorders in some individuals. According to Beck, about 13 percent of new mothers experience postpartum depression: hardly an insignificant number (282). In fact, the increased awareness about postpartum depression has spilled over into the medical and psychiatric communities in search… Continue Reading...

When Memory Speaks Autobiography by Jill Conway Essay

chapter, “The Romantic Heroine,” Conway does delve deeper into the issues related to intersectionality, showing how feminism and abolitionism converged in the nineteenth century, evident in multiple literary genres but particularly in autobiography. In this chapter, Conway claims, “women have come up with life histories which seem complementary to those of men,” but fails to expound on the claim and causing it therefore to lie flat (43). On the other hand, Conway does raise important questions related to identity construction: one of the core themes of When Memory Speaks. In spite of the weaknesses in Conway’s approach to the… Continue Reading...

Sociology in the Entertainment Sphere

feminism & Entertainment Toeing the line between taking a social stand and coming off as “preachy” is not the easiest thing to do. It is to be expected that the media and entertainment will always be a force in terms of showing where society is going. However, there are some people and entities that push such narratives entirely too strongly. The verbiage in the readings for this assignment explains that the Mary Tyler Moore Show struck the proper balance. Rather… Continue Reading...

Sexuality Feminism and Advertising

sell it today. What does this say for gender roles or for the idea of sexual equality? Has feminism turned into post-feminism where women accept this idea of being sexual beings and instead of feeling like servants of the male gaze they want to feel like they are the dominators of the male gaze? Is that why they embrace their sexuality in modern ads like the Budweiser ad shown above? Sexuality is different today and Evans and Riley try to explain what has happened this way: they say that post-feminism is here and it “refutes feminism itself as a… Continue Reading...

Hannah Hoch

the idea and deconstruct it while also asserting her own feminism. She embraced the type of “punk rock” spirit of Berber—unleashing on the modern century with everything inside of her. Instead of doing it through dance and performance in the cabarets of Berlin, Hoch did it through art—that, of course, would end up catching the eye of the Third Reich. Hoch also spent time working for the publishing company Ullstein Verlag, where she developed her trademark photomontage style. It was for Ullstein Verlag that she spent roughly a decade of her time both during the war and after it… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

use military means to ensure conformity with the regime, but would rarely have had to contend with feminism or the use of social media to question the validity of the authoritarian model. Turkey has been pluralistic; even more so under Ottoman rule than now. The Turkic tribes aside, the Ottoman Empire extended its reach to places as diverse as Europe, the Levant, and North Africa. Now that the geo-political boundaries of Turkey have shrunk, there is still a great degree of diversity that impedes the legitimacy of Erdogan’s hegemonic methods. The Kurdish population is the most obvious of ethnic… Continue Reading...

Sociology Feminism and the Symbolism Of the Hejab

Muslim norms. Theories and Concepts The author works within several related theoretical frameworks: namely feminism, post-colonialism, and critical theory. Related concepts include the differentiation between the public and private space, the construction of gender norms, oppression, and the failure of feminism to find a universal voice. Another core concept is symbolism and symbolic-interactionism: the way the hejab can represent identity, rebellion, and subversion depending on how it is deployed. Main Argument The hejab has become a symbol of the oppression of women outside of Iran, in societies perceived as Western, aggressive, imperialist, subordinate, and hegemonic. In order to proudly assert or… Continue Reading...

Feminist Theory and International Relations

and knowledge in order to uncover the gender dynamics of power and knowledge in an IR setting. feminism is more than simply a theory about women—it also provides a framework for understanding gender and gender constructs and how these constructs impact international relations.[footnoteRef:2] In order for IR scholars to excel in their work and more fully understand the parameters of IR, they have to be attentive to the socio-political implications of the political structures within which they work. [2: Christine Sylvester, “The Contributions of Feminist Theory to International Relations,” International Theory: positivism and beyond (1996), 254.] Key Terms Feminist IR… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

opted for his accomplishment’s survival, personalizing his thinking (53-75)3. References 1. Buskirk, Wesley D. "Egyptian Film and feminism: Egypt’s View of Women Through Cinema." Cinesthesia 4, no. 2 (2015): 1. 2. El?Ganzoury, M. M., El?Masry, S. A., El?Farrash, R. A., Anwar, M., & Abd Ellatife, R. Z. (2012). Infants of diabetic mothers: echocardiographic measurements and cord blood IGF?I and IGFBP?1. Pediatric diabetes, 13(2), 189-196. 3. Gaffney, Jane. "The Egyptian cinema: industry and art in a changing society." Arab Studies Quarterly (1987): 53-75. 4. Martin, Rosemary. "Case narratives." In Dance Education around the World, pp. 84-96. Routledge, 2015. 5. Moore, Clement Henry. "Islamic banks and competitive politics in the… Continue Reading...

Hofstede’s Dimensions and Leadership

male colleagues do (Hofstede, 1984). A country like Sweden is more on feminism. Most of their organizations are managed through negotiation, consensus and discussions. Masculine countries are characterized to be having strong egos and achievement and money is of more importance to them. Feminist countries has got work-place flexibility and balance, there focus on quality of life and it is relationship oriented. Uncertainty avoidance index describes people can cope with anxiety well. Countries with high score of uncertainty avoidance index make life controllable and predictable. If people in these countries are unable to control their own lives, they might… Continue Reading...

Black Power and Black Feminism

in his “Conversation of Races”), Stewart was able to become a voice for feminism, for community, for solidarity, and for “Black women’s activism and self-determination” (Collins, 1990, p. 2). Collins thus shows how power could be gained by the marginalized and oppressed through the application of the principle of self-reliance. This principle is not very well explained by Du Bois and thus the concept of power never really feels to be fully explored or explained by Du Bois. Collins, on the other hand, gets right to the heart of the matter by setting the reader down in the shoes… Continue Reading...

A Scene in Hitchcock S I Confess

Analyzing a Scene: Hitchcock and the Male Gaze There is a scene in Hitchcock’s I Confess (1953) in which the leading lady played by Anne Baxter descends an outdoor staircase to the man she loves waiting below. Hitchcock uses a tilted or Dutch angle camera shot to show the descent and he slows the motion of the camera down so that Baxter’s movements are more ethereal and less ephemeral: she remains in the frame longer than would otherwise be natural and the viewer is invited to gaze upon her loveliness all the more. It is a titillating and beautifully shot… Continue Reading...

The Fall Of the American Family

value among people today, which could be linked to the rise of feminism, which has promoted and celebrated autonomy among women and urged independence over the “slavery” of marriage, as Friedan (1963) intimated in The Feminine Mystique: “We have made woman a sex creature…She has no identity except as a wife and mother. …She waits all day for her husband to come home at night to make her feel alive. And now it is the husband who is not interested. It is terrible for the women, to lie there, night after night, waiting for her husband to make her… Continue Reading...

Why the Beatles Were Loved

out in the public square. Gloria Steinem followed with Ms. Magazine and before anyone knew it, feminism was in the air. It even entered into the Beatles via Yoko Ono, who married Lennon and pushed him beyond the limits of anything he had done before. Her intrusion in the band was considered by many fans to be such an upheaval that they blamed her for breaking up the band. The whole situation was satirized in the epic mockumentary This is Spinal Tap, a comedy about a British hair band that gets busted up because one band member falls in… Continue Reading...

Halloween 1978 the Horror Movie

Loomis results into Michael retreating into darkness (Clover 23). The slasher film mirrors contemporary social construction of gender, sexuality and, feminism in our culture (Cowan). Like other slasher films, the Halloween 1978 film depicts female inferiority narrative in a rationally masculine society through the “final girl “construct introduced by Clover (23). Clover defines a final girl as “image of the distressed female most likely to linger in memory is the image of the one who did not die: the survivor, or Final Girl (35)”. As Laurie desperately defends herself from Michael by stabbing him with a knitting needle, hanger wire… Continue Reading...