Human Rights Essays


Globalization Essay

Globalization: Advantages, Disadvantages and Concerns This essay discusses globalization and how social commentators and historians act like globalization is a new concept, but it’s not. It’s something that has occurred between nations for as long as nations have interacted. According to the SUNY Levin institute, “Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development, and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the world (2018). Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

itself, its managers and workforce, and its Colberian facility's executives and workers. human rights Issues The American Congress instituted the federal agency, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) in the year 1970. The agency was made responsible for formulating safety and health standards for organizations. Ever since, key discourse on workplace safety and health has revolved around setting of these public standards. The chief issue is the suitability of cost-benefit analyses for establishing safety and health standards. This appears to be the Colberian facility's chief issue -- the disparity between executives' (i.e., employers') and employees' working conditions, pay, and living… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

identified and the role played by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the human rights Commission as well as social, cultural and economic rights in preventing racial discrimination is examined. The liability of the employer in promoting discrimination is also to be discussed from the point-of-view of African-Americans (Dr. Lilly Fernandes & Dr. Nora Hadi Q. Alsaeed, 2014). Research shows that diversity management can have a good spillover effect on the rest of the workforce. It has been found that most women hired for jobs on the grounds of affirmative action actually were qualified for the positions they held… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

to do in areas of the rule of law and reduction of abuses against human rights (Fulgence, 2015). Incidence of civil unrest, wars; both internally and externally rise sporadically and frequently in Africa despite the regional integration organizations' powers. Such eventualities casts aspersion on the efficacy of these organizations. One wonders whether these regional organizations are capable of combating the myriad of ills bedeviling Africa. Description of the Phenomena Insecurity seems the order of the day in Africa. There are many terror groups that have set camp and actively engage in extremist activities in Africa. Insurgencies are commonplace too.… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

investigated for the same. It may also be of use to lawyers and judiciary staffs, human rights entities and other interested parties with intention to understand the Criminal Justice System.   References American Bar Association. (2007). Standards relating to pretrial release (2nd ed.). Washington, D.C. Bassiouni, C. (2003). Introduction to International Criminal Law, Transnational Publishers, New York. Boyle, D. (2006). The Rights of Victims, Participation, Representation, Protection, Reparation, Symposium on Khmer Rouge trials, Journal of International Criminal Justice, p. 307 Conference of Criminal Presiding Judges, (2007). NEW JERSEY CRIMINAL DIVISION OVERVIEW. Retrieved from https://www.judiciary.state.nj.us/criminal/CRIMINAL_DIVISION_OVERVIEW_12.26.07.pdf on September 9, 2016. Henham,… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Understanding

importance of cultural, racial and ethnic diversity, social justice, human rights, equality of opportunities, equitable power distribution, respect for cultural differences, and alternative lifestyles. References Bode. (2009). Education.com - #1 Educational Site for Pre-K through 5. Multicultural Education - Education.com. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from http://www.education.com/reference/article/multicultural-education/ Fish. (n.d.). Edchange - Diversity & Equity Education Resources and Workshops. Building Blocks: The First Steps of Creating a Multicultural Classroom. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from http://www.edchange.org/multicultural/papers/buildingblocks.html Teaching with a Multicultural Perspective Article ZIRKEL, S. (2008). The Influence of Multicultural Educational Practices on Student Outcomes and Intergroup Relations. Teachers College Record, 110. (6).… Continue Reading...

When Work Disappears

between employers and employees. With more knowledgeable employees, employers now take diversity and human rights issues more seriously. Employers have paid greater attention to improving employees' working conditions and salaries. Issues such as sexual harassment, equality, and discrimination have also dominated organizational, policy, and scholarly discourses. Organizations are now aware that ignoring these issues may lead to disastrous consequences on them such as litigations, employee turnover, and negative reputation. Indeed, commitment to diversity and human rights constitute some of the major criteria upon which organizations are ranked with respect to employer satisfaction. In essence, education has made the workplace… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

formulation and implementation easy. There have been significant agreements made on human rights by the United Nations and several UN bodies continue to champion gender rights (Ilkkaracan & Jolly). The United States has the proposed Equal Rights Amendment that seeks that constitutional rights be applied equally to all people regardless of sex. ERA is important as it ensures that rights of all citizens are protected. 35 states have so far ratified ERA (Neale). Work Cited California State University, Northridge. "Gender Biases in Classrooms." 2011. California State University, Northridge. www.csun.edu/~gm4017/Website/edu.html. Accessed 13 October 2016. Ilkkaracan, Pinar and Jolly, Susie "GENDER… Continue Reading...

Working Women Breastfeeding

status. It is a fundamental human right; international law and the 1993 human rights Act afford women breastfeeding rights and safeguard them from being discriminated for breastfeeding. Likewise, if a baby's mom is able to, or desires to, breastfeed, the child is entitled to enjoy that right to good health. The protection, promotion and advocating of this right will help ensure babies, their parents, the whole family and the overall community experiences its health benefits. The action plan aims at ensuring exertion of this right in the routine lives of mothers (National Breastfeeding Advisory Committee of New Zealand, 2009).… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

have generated improved productivity, creativity, and returns. Evolving social roles worldwide, especially in case of females, in addition to global human rights advocacy, also question and counter traditional discriminatory practices on grounds of socioeconomic standing, religion, ethnicity, age, gender, sexual orientation and disability. Greater female incorporation into the workforce is one among the key organizational diversity -- related components in the North American continent. Female involvement in paid jobs has grown, owing to social and economic transformation (Jaworska, 2016). Birth control, for instance, has enabled females to control their lives better, and unlocked educational and employment opportunities. Besides birth control,… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

of wage differential in general is framed as a matter of human rights and social justice, most people agree that wages should be distributed fairly according to factors like merit (Shamon & Dulmer, 2014). Individuals do report bias in terms of whether a worker has a family or is perceived as "trying," even when those factors appear unrelated to the situation (Shamon & Dulmer, 2014). Finally, the labor market itself may be rigged for discrimination. Langton & Konrad (1998) found that oversupply of labor within a sector and greater "career embeddedness" within any organization leads to increases in earnings… Continue Reading...

Childrens Rights and Teacher Advocacy

Assembly, on the need for the institution of an international treaty targeted at protecting the human rights of children all over the world. "Every child should be entitled to the right for safety, adequate care and respect. Australia, in their right as a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, owes Australian children adequate safety/protection, make services available for the children to develop mentally, socially and physically to enable them maximize their potentials and equip them for effective participation in global issues (NFPAC, 2009) Teacher as the Children's Advocate With the guidance from the staff… Continue Reading...

Eye in the Sky Film

drones are a lifeguard (Westmoreland, 2016). International humanitarian law -- probably with a mixture of human rights -- seems to be indisputable all through the movie. It is the applicable law as the UK is at war. Frequently, the language of war is used and nobody appears to be causing surprise. Before Alan Rickman proceeds to pick a doll for a certain kid waiting for him at home, and returning he declares: 'Never tell a soldier that he does not know the costs of war'. It seems like the fact that UK is not fighting with Kenya, and that the… Continue Reading...

Killing Consensus About Sao Paolo and Violence

can make demands of their government and that the government will be responsive to those demands. human rights discourse also promotes citizen activism to create better institutions. Is this optimistic, idealistic, realistic? Unfortunately the need for personal and community security motivates people more than some ideal of "democracy." Citizens experiencing daily violence need localized means of responding to that violence; the state can't help them. It is a "grassroots" movement, albeit not one that engenders trust in a republican form of government. The people don't care that there is an elected official somewhere; the immediate security needs are tantamount.… Continue Reading...

African Slave Trade

and internal African slavery were three: coercion, abuse of human rights, and dispossession. Via coercion (abduction, rape, and raiding), the Europeans captured Africans from every tribe they could and shipped them off to America; of these, roughly 33% were women. An estimated overall 10.7 million people were displaced from their home continent, had their human rights violated, and were forced into slavery, with females accounting for roughly 3.5 million slaves (Lindsay, 2007). Considering the Atlantic Slave Business database's lowest figures, from 1801 to 1866, Cubans and Spaniards captured and shipped 784,639 Africans, across the Atlantic, to America, and around… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

stakeholders' (i.e., workforce, suppliers, and community) interests. The chief emphasis is organizational appraisal with regard to adherence to fundamental human rights norms and procedures. Personnel relations indicate a company's employment systems and policies including personnel engagement, satisfaction with their job and firm, safety and health initiatives, and equality policies (Bauer et al., 2009; Edmans, 2011). Organizations' participation in the community encompasses contributions to charities, supporting academic and housing programs for poor groups in the community, an operational policy specific to sensitive nations, and volunteer programs. Supplier management entails how far the firm takes into consideration human rights in their… Continue Reading...

Questions Concerning Employment

can be attributed to a lack of effective competition laws, liberal trade, and effective human rights. "Lack of effective legal and judicial protection of liberal rights and property rights inhibits investments and acts as incentive for welfare-reducing private and governmental restrictions of competition and collaboration between cartelized industries and authoritarian governments" (Petersmann, 2002, p. 13). Take that kind of thinking into ALMPs and program types, if program participants feel and have their rights guaranteed and protective as well as provide policies that allow successful implementation of objectives then programs can see higher levels of effectiveness. The reality is however,… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

to cases within normative and reasonable limits, and not to an extent where human rights may be infringed (EPPCC Standard 1.03). Forensic experts are also required to examine the suitability of compliance with orders by the court when such compliance may lead to contention with professional practice standards. WEEK 4 DISCUSSION 1 Why a mono-cultural psychology could be limiting when attempting to deal with a more diverse population? Experts in mental health frequently come across client groups or clients of different ethnicity, culture, and race. In addition, the global view of a population that is culturally diverse may differ… Continue Reading...

Ultimate Nutrition Policy Statement

Policy Statement 'Ultimate Nutrition' resolves to provide a working atmosphere wherein the human rights of the workforce are assured and they are handled with respect and dignity. Amkor Ultimate Nutrition management and all of its personnel shall be responsible in carrying out business activities in line with the Ultimate Nutrition Code of Conduct. Ultimate Nutrition's Code of Conduct outlines the core principles that ought to be adhered and complied by the organization's suppliers and production factories, to ensure production in proper working conditions, the personnel manufacturing them are treated humanely and respectfully, and compensated fairly. In particular, the ethical… Continue Reading...

Better Relationship with Russia a New U.s. Policy

and that he and Assad murder their own civilians in egregious acts that violate human rights. To work with such leaders is to violate the integrity of the U.S. To respond to this argument it is necessary to assert that there has been no proof of these allegations against either Putin or Assad and that they stem from the proponents of the PNAC policies rather than objective, third party observers. Thus, it is not necessary to accept at face value the validity of these accusations as they have not been substantiated. Another argument is that sanctions are necessary to… Continue Reading...

Global Governance Human Security

practical approaches. I believe the program would propose wide range of issues including arbitration, human rights, economic growth and expansion, education, health, and environment issues. The graduate program would equip me with knowledge and skills for dealing with conflict, fostering security, and administrating by providing an encouraging learning condition that is academically rigorous, active, and interdisciplinary. According to University of Massachusetts, Boston (2016), consequently, it would train me to be a thorough analyst and expand my leadership as an academic, researcher, and a practitioner. Global security interests me. From my analytical viewpoint, underdevelopment is caused majorly by public domain… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

policies or culture. Journal of Peace Research, 51(6): 782.] These policies, furthermore, have not been consistent with human rights instruments as articulated by the UN's human rights Declaration of the mid-20th century, which identifies equality for all persons regardless of race or ethnicity to be an ideal that all progressive and advanced countries must pursue. The post-9/11 world has apparently torn the mask off the so-called progressive West to reveal the fact that the WASP-controlled political establishment, now working in conjunction with Israeli interests and neo-conservatives like Bolton and Kristol, are firmly in control. Muslim Americans have no place in… Continue Reading...

Victims Of the Holocaust

had to deal with incredible hardships brought on by an army that disregarded human rights, yet for someone like Metod, who was a student at the time, he had to deal with such difficulties in the open and with little hope for solace or comfort. The Jewish victims of the Holocaust had to hide or perform illegal actions to evade capture and imprisonment. Non-Jewish victims had to deal with the armies and the brutal treatment they would often receive from the soldiers. Both classes of victims suffered, but in different ways. Milac offers in the first two pages of… Continue Reading...

Democracy or Not for Economic Development

in an educated populace that is aware of concepts like human rights and freedoms, and insists upon them. As this becomes the pain point for the autocratic ruler, they either devolve some powers to the people, or they devolve largesse, as has occurred in the Gulf States. Recommendations for South Sudan There are a few recommendations for South Sudan. The firs tis to focus on the key antecedents to economic development. These are peace and stability, infrastructure and education. The first is the most critical -- no matter the form of government, no nation in a state of civil… Continue Reading...

Global Comparisons in Workplace Discrimination

based more often on people's race, ethnicity, age, marital status, sex or other describing characteristics (Australian human rights Commission, n.d). Workplace discrimination can give the impression of a repudiation of particular civil liberties, neglectful treatment, deliberate undervaluing of an employee's character or work outcomes and attainments. Workplace discrimination is not only done by the employee but by the fellow employees or peers and other superiors as well. Workplace discrimination, although often not as blatant as in previous periods, continues to proliferate across organizations and on a global level. Fittingly regarded as modern discrimination, discriminatory behavior in the present day… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

who are willing to stand up for equality and human rights. As Dietz et al. (2015) suggest, human resources departments need to create safe and effective avenues for subordinates to make complaints and voice their opinions. If subordinates are afraid they will lose their jobs or be passed over for promotions because of speaking out, they perpetuate the discriminatory culture. People need to feel empowered in order to make the changes to the organizational culture. Attitudes towards race and gender can be changed by using tactics of social psychology including shaming those who hold negative stereotypes. Many people remain… Continue Reading...

Constructivism Theory in International Politics

also identifies international bureaucracies as the critical entities that pursue their interests through human rights protection and free trade against wishes of the states, which created them. Additionally, the post-cold war discourse in international relations offers various approaches to understanding the international system. The constructivist theory has been identified as one of the examples of international relations theories revealing the dynamic of world politics. The constructivist's theory focuses on the materialists and neorealism that reveals on the distribution of power that includes economic capabilities, and military forces. (Hurd, 2008). Constructivists theory also explains the state behavior and balance of… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

human rights are the activities, freedoms and conditions that all human are entitle to enjoy, and these rights include economic, political, cultural and social rights. Putting differently, human rights are inalienable, inherent, indivisible and interdependent, which cannot be taken away, must be respected, and which the governments are to put in places the instrument to regulate laws and policies for human rights protection. Similarly, international human rights are the set of rules that guide the conducts of state's behaviors. Globally, countries enter into treaties to… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

on social justice and the ideal of impartiality or equality. Fundamental human rights are the prime example of the discourse of universal justice as the core moral objective of any political philosophy. Impartiality in the law is, however, unattainable because it seeks to "reduce plurality to unity," a difficult goal indeed (Young, 2011, p. 101). In an ideal world, democracy does ensure liberty and justice for all citizens but in a heterogeneous world, genuine parity and justice remain unattainable. References Baier, K. (1989). Justice and the aims of political philosophy. Ethics 99(4): 771-790. Miller, D. (2013). Justice for Earthlings.… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

testing on subjects in developing countries that lack ethical standards of research. human rights remain a major point of contention in global bioethics. The key to resolving the East/West divide may be to come from a point of mutual respect, rather than projecting prejudices and presuming normative universality. To avoid perceptions and/or practices of hegemony, a cross-cultural bioethics dialogue should ensue. Clearly there needs to be some set of global standards in bioethics, because like all other fields, the life sciences are globalized. Conclusions As bioethics becomes global in scope, it is important to recognize, acknowledge, and respect diversity of… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

Thai-Karen people. Reports indicate that in excess of 140 000 Burmese Karen people have escaped human rights abuses and war in Burma. The Karen people have been involved in a long-protracted war that is over sixty years since its beginning. They have been fighting the military regime for secession and their rights. Figures also show that over 70 000 refugees of Thai origin; most of whom are Karen have been resettled in countries abroad including America, Australia and Canada between 2005 and 2011(Moonieinda, 2011). Racial and Ethnic Identity Development Ethnic and racial identity developments constitute an essential component of… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

Supreme Court are upheld with no chance for appeal or complaint. The only exception is the Court for human rights (Sriramesh & Vercic, 2009). The United States Supreme Court rulings can be overturned by a future U.S. Supreme Court decision or a constitutional amendment. Although similar to the Supreme Court in Norway, no further appeals can occur should a case reach the American Supreme Court. Although England has no Supreme Court, there is a Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. This court represents the ultimate court for any civil and criminal matters in Wales, England, and Northern Ireland. This… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

age, religion, and political affiliation. Moreover, civil right movement fights for the fundamental human rights that include freedom of speech, religion, and movement. However, many people do not know their rights especially the minorities. Films and social media have become the powerful vehicles that propel people to demand their rights. [1: The Role of Film in Society.] Throughout the 20th century, African-Americans were treated as second-class citizens because of their historical antecedents with the general beliefs that they were forcibly brought from Africa and Caribbean as slaves. Thus, they were never treated equally with their white counterpart. During this… Continue Reading...

Transparency and Governance

participation and responsiveness to the needs of the people (United Nations human rights., 2017). Transparency is hinged on other arms and stakeholders of governance. One of the chief arms of governance is the independent judiciary that will help in interpreting the laws and also mete out legal punishment to the individuals or institutions that are found to contravene the tenets of transparency and good governance. The other group is the free, responsible and competitive press which will help in objectively reporting on issues and following up those acts of government that are seen to breach transparency to the logical… Continue Reading...

Personal Thought on Three Articles

Adults Isolation for young adults is considered to be a human rights violation and mostly results in the abuse of inmates, especially the young inmates. Implementations have been carried out in Rikers to eliminate solitary confinement for young adults, but the implementation has been faced with some challenges. Rushing to implement the end of solitary confinement for young offenders has not been taken well by the corrections staff as some of them have been attacked by the minors. Proper planning is required if the implementation is to succeed. The failure to include all parties in the implementation is not effective,… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

philosophical thinking aroused the decision of the lawmakers to integrate the human rights in the constitution. Moreover, John Locke influenced the adoption of 1776 Declaration of Independence that states "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." (History, 2017, p 1). One of the aspects of the U.S. constitution is the area of the Bill of Rights (1791) that defines that fundamental human rights that people must enjoy. Locke continues by pointing out that when the government fails to… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Csr

the organization. WECAREHealth (WCH), a New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company, is facing serious human rights issues and environmental concerns due to its activities in the African nation of Colberia. WCH is one of the most successful pharmaceutical companies in the world, but the company's little or no regard for workers and the environment in its Colberian operations is one of its major shortcomings as far as corporate ethical responsibility is concerned. Following a brief definition of the notion of stakeholder, this paper identifies WCH's stakeholders and the human rights issues the company presents for some of its stakeholders. The paper also… Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

are prone to falling in the victim blaming bracket. The other group targeted in this research is the human rights groups and the European member states in a wider concept. The findings of the research can be briefly put as the ultimate way of understanding the concept of victimology, one needs to know what causes victim blaming or victimization and the only way of reducing victimization is by the victim thoroughly understanding the rights of the victim of any circumstance or crime. The article also highlights the various categories of victims which is very instrumental in knowing the circumstances… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Ethical Issues in Corrections

state. Prisoners are viewed as getting their just desserts rather than regarded as individuals with basic human rights. A lack of public interest in the issue and a lack of zealous enforcement of ethical behavior in guards has caused the problem to fester. Appropriate screening and training of corrections officers is essential, as well as prosecution of offenders. Extorting sexual favors of prisoners is a crime in and of itself, a crime often worse than the ones the female offenders have been convicted of. The fact that one of the female offenders discussed in the New York Times article… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

Bay Naval Base, President Obama has consistently characterized the matter as being a human rights issue that represents a serious threat to the country’s international reputation (Ha, 2013). Currently, the remaining prisoners at the Guantanamo Bay detention center are uncertain of their future and status. In this regard, Metcalf and Resnik (2013) emphasize that, “Guantanamo detainees sit in limbo, doctrinally and literally. They are neither ordinary Sixth Amendment rights-bearers awaiting criminal prosecution, nor are they post-conviction prisoners who, under current doctrine, have rights to employ counsel and rights of access to courts” (p. 2505). Indeed, the prisoners detained at… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

attorney with the Washington law firm Jenner & Block and a former human rights Watch researcher, “The 'abolitionists' truly believe all prostitution is trafficking, and if a woman says she did enter it voluntarily, she's mistaken. It's the conflating of trafficking and prostitution (emphasis added).” This view has also translated into increasingly restrictive domestic laws that have implications for all citizens. In this regard, Brock emphasizes that, “As a result, human trafficking is used as a rationale to tighten boarders and implement ever more restrictive immigration laws, and to criminalize or otherwise punish the very people who anti-trafficking advocates… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

“abuses [that] should be viewed as what they are: unauthorized actions taken by a few individuals."14  According to human rights Watch, despite the fact that President Bush issued an apology for the torture incidents at Abu Ghraib prison and military investigations were launched against the individuals who were suspected of being involved, the United States has not made any formal commitment to prosecute them and these incidents may just be the tip of the torture iceberg because there are other venues in which these methods can be applied with little or no scrutiny by international organizations or the media. In… Continue Reading...

Religion in Plato Euthyphro

a set of universal values that can be codified in doctrines of human rights and freedoms. These universal human values and ethics can therefore undergird social norms and laws, preventing recourse to superstition and religion as excuses for human rights abuses. As modern society shifts towards a new moral order based on secular values rather than on religious doctrine, the concept of piety as it is elucidated in Plato’s Euthyphro is the most important concept to be integrated into the Socratic Citizenship Initiative. In Plato’s Euthyphro, both Socrates and Euthyphro exemplify the need for a universal moral order, one… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Two Global Security Organizations

the need for human liberties and the protections of human rights. Leadership Structures, Jurisdictions, and Methods A wholly owned subsidiary of the esteemed group CACI International, the Wexford Group addresses issues related to how terrorism and similar asymmetrical threats undermine global, national, and local security. The Wexford Group’s Operational Advising has provided services to the United States Army, and was the original contact partner for the army’s Improvised Explosive Device Task Force (Wexford Group, 2017). To ensure the privacy and confidentiality of all clients, the Wexford Group discloses information about subcontractors and employees. A discreetly hierarchical organization, the Wexford… Continue Reading...

Proposed Immigration Bill

program (RPI) outlined in Section A is superb idea, and none of the sub-sections infringe on any human rights. The $1000 penalty is just steep enough to be a deterrent, but not so much as to be inhumane to those who have been remiss. The security provisions and background checks are totally understandable, and are no more strident than what any citizen has to go through to receive their Global Entry or TSA pre-check. We especially appreciate the Section D Accelerated RPI path for DREAMers, which provides clear-cut rules for how this important cohort can achieve their goals and contribute… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

job with the “war on drugs,” which has been a complete fiscal and human rights failure (p. 1). Eduardo Porter feels the same way, and I have lately been inspired by the possibility of reform Republicans to illuminate a path forward that does not degenerate into fluffy anti-government rhetoric while also showing where wasteful spending curtails life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Conservatives simply want to empower the individual to make the right choices. We should aim to be as non-interventionist as possible, domestically and in foreign policy, without veering off the libertarian deep end. Although I may… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

suitable cooperation with ethics commissions and respecting of rights of subjects (both of animal and human rights) in research. Introduction The growth of significant improvements in biomedical technologies, like gamete and SC research, testing of genetics, and embryo donation and therapy, have paved way to the reclassification of what defines life. In the developed world, the ethical and emotional disputes surrounding these systems have been considerable. Throughout the Muslim community, the result has been just as fraught with religious and moral concerns, and also with a comparable loss of consensus. Fatwas (religious decrees)) on these modern day debates vary… Continue Reading...

The Ethical Issues Of Criminal Justice

pertinent issues in favour of innocent convicts. The "innocence program" speaks to the ethical issue of human rights and the right to a fair trial. Subjecting suspects to a lengthy period of waiting and court processes is in effect inflicting pain and curtailing their rights. The emotional and physical pain suspects go through is often not accounted for in the criminal trial system. There are instances where decades have passed before a judgement is issued and in some few instances innocent suspects have ended up behind bars. Zalman (2006) points to the relevance of borrowing models of research from sociology… Continue Reading...

Mlk Speech I Have a Dream Rhetorical Analysis

on the issue of racial discrimination and alienation of the black as well as the blatant breach of the human rights of the blacks that was taking place in the USA at that moment in history. It was also a speech meant to send a strong signal that there was no relenting in pursuing of the rights of the African Americans and that the continued denial of such inalienable rights will only me met with brute resistance and will be regret by the state. “I Have a Dream’ was one of the greatest speech that MKL Jr. ever gave… Continue Reading...

Globalization and Neoliberalism Pros and Cons

areas than the more rigid Hart-Landsberg (2006). For example, Norberg (2004) notes that boycotting countries with presumably bad human rights or labor rights records does a disservice to the people the elite are trying to help. Trade boycotts effectively prevent poor economies from gradually growing: “only through trade can they grow richer and thereby, step by step, improve their living standards and their social conditions,” (p. 12). Likewise, Norberg (2004) points out that only a hundred years ago, North America and Western Europe had exactly the same labor problems that they criticize developing countries for having, and lack the… Continue Reading...

India Government and Economics

to increase foreign direct investment, which continues to flow to India. human rights Although India does have a liberal media and generally supports free speech, in many other areas related to human rights and freedoms, the country has a lot of room to grow. The ruling BJP party has been accused of complicity in many of India’s most high profile human rights cases, including failure to investigate attacks on minority communities and even inciting violence against minority communities (human rights Watch, 2018). In fact, human rights Watch (2018) even goes so far as to accuse the BJP of interfering with… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Business Ethics

moral ethics can set a precedent and establish itself as the bastion for human rights, corporate social responsibility, or environmental ethics. References Leonard, K. (2018). The importance of ethics in organizations. The Chronicle. http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-ethics-organizations-20925.html Linsey, P.M. (2017). Application of an ethic of care to business. Handbook of Virtue Ethics in Business and Management, 307-319. https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-94-007-6510-8_68 Mill, J.S. (2017). Utilitarianism. http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/mill1863.pdf Powell, A.R. (2013). Libertarianism and virtue. Libertarianism. https://www.libertarianism.org/blog/libertarianism-virtue Continue Reading...

Theology Of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish

returns the church to its activist role, providing the theological underpinnings for social justice and universal human rights. Communion ecclesiology has implications for church leadership at all levels. Without ever dismantling or even shaking the hierarchical foundations of the church, which are absolutely essential to its functioning, communion ecclesiology allows for more responsive church polity on the micro level. The local parish church can be entrusted with the sacred duties bestowed upon it, as it works to create communion between God and its people, between its people, and between its local Christian and secular communities. Through the fulfillment of… Continue Reading...

Seattle Homelessness Action Plan

costs associated with homelessness. As per the Universal Declaration of human rights’ Article 25, housing is one of the rights deemed necessary for the maintenance of living standards necessary for general well-being. As a matter of fact, the various rights enshrined in the declaration, i.e. the right to health and the right to privacy could be easily compromised in the absence of decent shelter. At the individual level it is important to note that homelessness could lead to intense emotional and physical distress. Homelessness leaves individuals exposed to tough elements of nature and prone to diseases and insecurities. It… Continue Reading...

The History Of Crime in the United States America

after generation of African Americans have had to fight for basic human rights and continue to do so until this day. Post Modern 2. How did the end of the Cold War impact perceptions of ordinary crime as well as crime spending? The Cold War allowed Americans to focus their attentions on a simple bogeyman: Communism. With communism framed as “public enemy number one,” politicians could easily market themselves to Americans as being the best leader to protect them from the fearful red menace. The Cold War also enabled a relatively bloated defense budget. When the Cold War ended,… Continue Reading...

President Donald Trump Essay

most were focused on issues of civil rights and human rights, including: Trump’s promise to build a border wall between the United States and Mexico; Trump’s promise to appoint Supreme Court Justices that would repeal the decision in Roe v. Wade; Trump’s promise to immediately stop Muslim immigration; and Trump’s promise to repeal and replace Obamacare. In the immediate aftermath of his election, Trump walked-back his position on many of his campaign promises.  After meeting with President Obama, Trump praised parts of Obamacare and acknowledged that it would be far more complicated to repeal the law than he acknowledged… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

Political Rights already includes a right to privacy, as does the UN’s Universal Declaration of human rights” (Schackelford).  However, these international treaties are not enforceable and may not have analogous laws in various member states.  They do establish a good baseline for what Facebook, and other social media platforms, could and should do to protect user data.  Facebook could be an industry leader in protecting user data.  After all, it has an overwhelming share of the social media marketplace, and, if it wants to retain that share, it needs to take steps to protect user privacy. Zuckerberg Senate Hearing… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

a community or a nation.  In general terms, different cultures may share similar ideals, such as freedom, human rights, and so on; but in terms of how these ideals are pursued or possessed, a great deal of difference will be manifest from one culture to another  based on the cultural background and history of the people concerned.  The more diverse an organization, community, nation or world is, the more likely there is to be conflict related to perspective, communication, expression, belief, comprehension, attitudes, ideals, and interactions.  This is one reason that understanding is so important in a diverse setting: … Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

spreading prosperity, creates the conditions in which democracy and respect for human rights may flourish” (Collins, 2018). While many pessimists refer to this advantage as a mere “ethereal” goal and something that has yet to be achieved by most nations, one can’t help but acknowledge that progress has undeniably been made in both spreading prosperity, better respect for human rights and the dissemination of democratic principles. Technology has been such an important aspect of modern globalization and of course, the Internet has shaped so much of how business is conducted today. There is now a global market for firms… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

of having several abortions. What the history of abortions can tell us about present-day controversies. The connection between abortion rights and human rights. Parental rights and abortions with minors: best practices. Issues commonly entangled with abortion (abuse, relationship issues, career derailment, etc.). Outline 1. Introduction Background on abortion. Offer historical data on how the practice emerged and was viewed. Discuss how opinions have changed or stayed the same. regarding the practice. Last sentence: offer thesis on this issue. (Note: since this is an essay that discusses the pros and cons of abortion and compares them, an acceptable thesis might be: “comparing… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the group the Alabama Christian Movement for human rights (ACMHR). One of the local judges issued a blanket injunction against all forms of protesting and the leaders of the non-violent resistance, King included, yet they decided to protest anyway (Rieder, 2014). King, among a few other leaders of the movement were arrested on April 12th. Under  imprisonment, many have speculated that the intention of those in power was to break King’s spirit: he was placed in a dark cell without even a mattress and was not allowed a singe phone call. Some have… Continue Reading...

American Exceptionalism Debate

interprets disagreement with American foreign policy as being anti-freedom and anti- human rights by definition. Khazan, Olga. “What’s Actually Wrong With the U.S. Health System.” The Atlantic. 14 Jul 2015. Web. 5 Apr 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2017/07/us-worst-health-care- commonwealth-2017-report/533634/ This article criticizes the American healthcare system by contrasting it with that of other nations. American healthcare produces poorer outcomes judged both on cost and quality metrics. Yet American politics is so entrenched, there is a stubborn refusal to believe that America can learn from other political systems’ methods of healthcare delivery. Fears of socialism are rife; also America’s sense of exceptionalism has meant… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

documents based on similar universal ethical principles. Both documents are grounded in the assumption that there are universal human rights, which in Jefferson’s terms are “inalienable.” The rights of human beings are unconditional, designed to be universally applied under common law. Ironically, though, both France and the United States had these documents in place well over a hundred years before women—half the population—had the right to even vote. Although these two documents arose out of different cultural contexts, they both extended from Enlightenment philosophy. Rousseau in particular informed both the French and the American documents, but Locke’s influence is… Continue Reading...

Trade Union Act Of 2016 Essay

which it may be argued as contravening the European Convention on human rights (McFarlane, 2016). The European Convention on human rights, particularly article 11, are relevant to this, as this requires freedom of association, and places a positive obligation on the UK government. It is notable that complaints have already been lodged with the International Labour Organisation, as well as the Parliamentary Joint Committee on human rights (Ewing and Hendy, 2016). Overall, there is a shift in power from trade unions towards employees, and a shift in the burdens associated with administering and supporting union workers away from employers… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

the death penalty include China, North Korea, and Saudi Arabia—hardly illustrious company in the sphere of human rights (“Death penalty statistics by country,” 2011). [caption id="attachment_815" align="alignnone" width="500"] Image Credit: The Economist http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/images/EconomistMap.png[/caption] History of the Death Penalty in the United States The history of the death penalty extends far back into history, longer than the United States has existed as an independent nation. Even in the ancient world, the death penalty was practiced. “Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon codified the death penalty for twenty five different crimes, although murder was not one of them” (Reggio 2014). In… Continue Reading...

Whether Immigration Is a Problem or Not

and military sectors to protect national security and promote the common welfare. Immigrant communities can advocate for themselves and human rights, preventing racist discourse from dominating the public consciousness. Immigrants also contribute to the companies they start, or the companies they work for, creating a robust economy. Finally, immigration is not a problem because it builds both economic and cultural capital. Economic capital is built through immigrant contributions to the economy in their labor and their entrepreneurship. Immigrants directly build cultural capital by introducing arts, music, food, and business ideas to the United States. It would have been impossible… Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics

in nature in the sense that the aim is ensuring the preservation of human rights, labor, and environmental standards within the supply chain of an organization. Particularly, ethical trade fosters compliance with the workforce’s core labor standards and, at present, doesn’t expressly concern itself with trade terms nor does it aim to overcome manufacturer marginalization (Boto & La Peccerella, 2014). Response to the international labor group explaining the decision and supporting reasoning. It has been decided to follow cotton Fairtrade practice. From the supply chain angle, companies collaborate with suppliers and their immediate clients for satisfying and fulfilling end… Continue Reading...

School Bullying Plan

on the premise that lessening bullying in schools is part of a wider civil and human rights movement. Recent court cases on student bullying have provided regulatory guidelines through which schools establish anti-bullying policies and strategies. Based on recent Supreme Court decisions, one of the emerging trends that are likely to affect Carson Elementary School in relation to promoting student safety is demonstrating accountability in preventing bullying and harassment incidents. Schools are required to take proactive actions toward preventing harassment and bullying in the learning environment. This would entail establishing policies that specify students’ actions that are tantamount to… Continue Reading...

Universal Healthcare

Universal healthcare is a political policy based on the premises of universal human rights, fairness, justice, and equity. The United States was also founded on ethical principles like justice and equity. Therefore, programs like Obamacare that promote universal healthcare are essential for upholding the premises of the Constitution. Obamacare was in some ways a stepping-stone from the completely privatized healthcare insurance system that prevails towards a universal healthcare model like those practiced in many other countries with high degrees of success. Healthcare, like education, needs to be framed more like a universal human right than as a privilege,… Continue Reading...

Police Killings

criminalizing protest and destabilizes the drive against police brutality, rather than providing a constructive response to recommended policy. Respecting human rights and effecting reform are vital to the development and maintenance of professional law enforcement standards, and forging trust which will serve to safeguard police officers as well as civilians and communities (Sánchez-Garzoli, 2016). Counterclaim/Opponents claims Holding violent, racist policemen responsible for everything is an appealing idea. If the issue is bad law enforcers, the remaining members of society can end the day with a clear conscience. However, this justification is overly simple. Examining the data more closely will… Continue Reading...

Colonialism in Higher Education Indigenous

frames of ethnic or minority diversity, civil rights, or human rights,” (Champagne, 2014, p. 99). For higher education to become truly decolonized, indigenous voices, bodies of knowledge, and ways of knowing need to be woven into the fabric of academia. Op-Ed Higher education wears a mask. Pretending to champion the rights of indigenous peoples, higher education as it is practiced around the world is commonly considered to be a bastion of critical inquiry. Purporting to be liberal and progressive, high education promotes heterogeneous voices and discursive practices that challenge hegemonies based on race, class, and gender. Critical race theory… Continue Reading...

Eileen Fisher

on sustainably managed land, and apparel that is woven by people who are supported in their work for human rights (Greenstein, 2018). To achieve this goal, the company has partnered with Columbus Consulting International. The company is also reducing its waste in every way imaginable so as to promote sustainability: as Farris (2016) points out, “the fashion industry is one of the worst polluters in the world. For example, it takes 700 gallons of water to make a T-shirt. There are ways to use less water by cleaning the water throughout the process, but the technology is not prevalent.”… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

were designed to curb the rights of blacks and to prevent them from exercising a full docket of human rights. Mass incarceration has a similar impact, even though the most commonly held perception is that justice is color blind and impervious to all things connected to bias, such as race, age, class and gender (Wacquant, 2002). Unfortunately, the facts tell us that just isn’t true. “No other country in the world imprisons so many of its racial or ethnic minorities. The United States imprisons a larger percentage of its black population than South Africa did at the height of… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Criminal Justice

concerned with the research questions and methodologies used to investigate issues related to social justice, advocacy, and human rights. Both of these are important issues to consider when designing and applying criminal justice research. Criminal justice research frequently involves situations in which participants divulge sensitive information about a crime they were involved in, a crime they witnessed, or a criminal justice procedure they participated in such as the arrest or processing of an offender. In situations like these, the researcher does remain ethically bound to confidentiality agreements. However, Lowman & Palys (2001) point out four main areas of potential… Continue Reading...

Niger Sudan and the Issue Of Slavery

place in regions like Niger and the Sudan and Mauritania, this obstacle is what must be addressed. human rights observes and the UN can work to create a world without slavery—but they need to be more involved in the education of the people. There needs to be a greater intervention on the behalf of slaves throughout the continent in order for real change to be effected. Deng, for example, has pointed out on numerous occasions how the UN does little to actually make a difference and work to stop the slavery that still exists in Africa. Deng attended the… Continue Reading...

United Kingdom Freedom Of Expression Within the Social Media

of Expression on Facebook and Social Networking Sites: A UK Perspective, human rights Law Review, 13(1), pp. 125–151. Melville-Brown 2013, Public Figures, Private Lives, viewed 28 April 2018, https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/public-figures-private-lives-122177.html Rowbottom, J.H 2012, To Rant, Vent and Converse: Protecting Low Level Digital Speech, Cambridge Law Journal, 71(2), pp. 112-119. Scaife, L 2017, Social Networks as the New Frontier of Terrorism: #Terror, Taylor and Francis, New York, NY. Souza, M.D 2016, Spirituality in Education in a Global, Pluralized World, Routledge, London UNESCO 2018, World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: Global Report 2017/2018, UNESCO Publishing, Paris. Continue Reading...

Book Trade Between China and France an Assessment

a contradictory formation that does not have much regard for basic human rights. This is more so the case with regard to the state’s constant censorship of viewpoints deemed to be critical of its operations. Next, there are also literary pieces that address contemporary Chinese issues and societal concerns. This is more so the case with such books as Mo Yan’s collection of short stories, titled The Beauty Riding a Donkey on Chang’an Avenue. Some of the short stories contained therein focus on the complexities of life and the weaknesses of human nature. This is particularly the case with… Continue Reading...

Social Media in the Uk Promoting Freedom Of Expression

the many other freedoms enshrined in the Universal Declaration of human rights, freedom of expression is deemed to be a fundamental and inalienable human right. Towards this end, it is understood, within the said framework, to constitute the “freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers” (United Nations, 2010, p. 107). For this reason, freedom of expression ought to be granted and guaranteed protection by any jurisdiction that prides itself as a beacon of modern democracy. The United Kingdom is one such country, alongside other… Continue Reading...

Why I Honor the American Flag Essay

several decades of being brought to the American colonies, Africans were stripped of human rights and enslaved as chattel, an enslavement that lasted more than two centuries. Slave owners whipped slaves who displeased them. Clergy preached that slavery was the will of God. Scientists ‘proved’ that blacks were less evolved-a subspecies of the human race” (Ferris.edu). Once the cotton gin was invented, that solidified the necessity of slavery as a means of creating a foundation for the South’s economy. The fact that we could overcome something as awful and as critical to our economy as slavery, indicates that there… Continue Reading...

Why Columbus Day Should Not Be Celebrated Essay

was common at the time and reflective of the lack of development or sense of human rights that was typical of the era. Such a defense does not properly acknowledge the devastation of enslaving an entire group of people. However, in the book Lies My Teacher Told Me the author James Loewen explains that during Columbus’s rampages, butcher shops were set up throughout the Caribbean selling Indian bodies for dog food: “There was also a practice known as the montería infernal, the infernal chase, or manhunt, in which Indians were hunted by war-dogs. These dogs?—?who also wore armor and… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

charged with the social responsibility of ensuring that there is mutual respect for human rights and dignity. It should, consequently be at the forefront in fighting discrimination of all forms against wither gender. In particular, the Euro Council outlines the role that the media has in shaping attitudes socially and developing cultural patterns and systems that dictate the behavior of both men and women. The convention for the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against Women points out in article 5 that promoting equality between men and women makes an assumption that there is going to be a cultural… Continue Reading...

Apple

L. (2013). Transnational Corporations' Outward Expression of Inward Self-Constitution: The Enforcement of human rights by Apple, Inc. Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 20(2), p.805. Curwen, P. and Whalley, J. (2016). Mobile telecommunications in a high speed world. CRC Press. D&B Hoovers. (2018). Amazon.com Company Profile. [online] Available at: http://www.hoovers.com/company-information/cs/company-profile.amazoncom_inc.ef53c3d095de033c.html [Accessed 3 Jun. 2018]. Do, T. (2018). The Real Production Costs of Smartphones. [online] Techwalls.com. Available at: https://www.techwalls.com/production-costs-of-smartphones/ [Accessed 2 Jun. 2018]. ETS (2018). Drive high performance with balanced scorecards like Apple & Microsoft use - ETS. [online] ETS. Available at: https://www.etsplc.com/drive-high-performance-with-balanced-scorecards-like-apple-microsoft-use/ [Accessed 6 Jun. 2018]. FTS (2011). 4.5 The Balanced Scorecard and Amazon.com. [online]… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Essay

to be deconstructed. Mass incarceration is a civil rights and human rights issue—just as the arrest of millions in the Soviet Union under Stalin was a human rights issue and abuse of civil rights.  Millions ended up in the Soviet Gulag prison system, and the same thing is happening in the U.S. and for the same reasons.  The Soviets were waging an ideological war against anyone who objected to their worldview, and in the U.S. the elites are doing the same thing.  The elites tend to be of the White Anglo Saxon Protestant (WASP) background and their power structure has… Continue Reading...

The Development Of Women Rights

who were previously enslaved became free and acquired protection by human rights. The fourteenth amendment declared that everyone born in the U.S was a legal U.S citizen and should not be deprived off their rights including all slaves. Moreover, the law added that all male American citizens had the right to vote (Anderson, 590). Finally, there was the controversial Fifteenth Amendment, passed in 1870. The amendment granted black American men the right to vote by stating that the rights of U.S citizens to participate in elections must not be denied on the basis of their race or color. The… Continue Reading...

We Shall Remain Geronimo

drive them away or to undermine their existence with cruelty and disregard for their human rights. 3 Life for Geronimo during the four years he spent at the San Carlos reservation was miserable. It was a “struggle” for him in the words of the documentary (“We Shall Remain: Geronimo”). The reservation was full of mosquitoes and was very restrictive. There was nothing to farm—even though the Apache were led to believe that they would be farmers. It was not a place that he or anyone else really wanted to be. That is why Geronimo decided to break out—and, of… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

(Immigration Customs and Enforcement) – a Homeland Security division. Researchers observe that this growth in raids involves infringements of human rights, devastating communities and destabilizing already weak population groups (Horner 34). Structural racism via exclusionary migration policies have resulted in a significantly large undocumented population mostly lacking access to the nation’s resources. According to extant literature on the subject, undocumented migrant status has a negative impact on mobility (Ortiz, and Edward 42). Discrimination Ángel's success in the US took him away from his native culture. The more he left behind the dishwasher’s world, the more lonely and depressed his… Continue Reading...

Palestine and the Jewish State

vital equipment to the Israeli military; and (c) by urging countries to place economic sanctions on Israel for its human rights abuses. While the BDS is a campaign to boycott ‘every Israeli product’, Chomsky states that ‘we need to make sure we are not staying at the level of slogans…. It’s an era when between slogans and the truth is an abyss’. In other words, sloganeering may sound appealing to the ears—but the BDS movement is about action based on empirical evidence—facts—the truth—which is what action must be based upon in order for peace to be achieved. The fact… Continue Reading...

State Attributes and Structures

Development Report, 2016, Cuba, March 21, 2017 http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/CUB (Jan 12, 2018) U.S. Dept. of State, Country Reports on human rights Practices for 2016, Cuba, 2017, https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm?year=2016&dlid=265578#wrapper (Jan 12, 2018) Country BBC News, Country Profile, Central African Republic, Jan 17, 2018, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13150040 (Jan 12, 2018) CIA, World Factbook, Central African Republic, 2018, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ct.html (Jan 12, 2018) Freedom House, Freedom in the World 2017, Central African Republic, 2017, https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2017/central-african-republic (Jan 12, 2018) Transparency International, What We Do, Corruption by Country, Central African Republic, Jan 25, 2017, https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2016 (Jan 12, 2018) UNDP, Human Development Report, 2016, Central African Republic March 21, 2017, http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/CAF… Continue Reading...

Daca Protest

rally to show support and to try to influence lawmakers and policymakers. The DACA program was a piece of human rights legislation that essentially offered amnesty to those who were minors when they entered the United States without a visa. Therefore, DACA would protect the children of illegal immigrants or a child who for whatever reason came or was brought to America. Two of the most important provisions of DACA included the deferral of deportation, and the creation of a pathway towards a legal work permit. However, the Trump administration effectively dismantled the program in late 2017. The current… Continue Reading...

Judicial Process Alternative Dispute Resolution Adr

that one cannot obtain a ruling on his or her legal rights, such as human rights and equality, during ADR processes. From a financial perspective, there is the downside that ADR processes bring about lower compensation amounts as compared to what is likely to be attained in court. ADR processes also have the downside that they result in binding decisions. Imperatively, mediation and more often than not arbitration are processes that give rise to legally binding decisions. This implies that one is not able to repudiate the decision if he or she does not like it but can take… Continue Reading...

Third World Relations with Other Worlds

at the periphery of their considerations like the issue of human rights, global environment and international peacekeeping have all become central to the US foreign policy especially towards the third world nations. On the other hand, the Soviet Union was deeply concerned with ensuring that as many nations as possible in the third world adopt the communist policies and socialism as a way of their governance. However, it was noted that the Soviet Union adopted a rather reluctant approach to engaging in direct military engagement in the Third World countries. This showed their limited power in engaging the US… Continue Reading...

The Culture Of Minority Tribes Of Bangladesh

are the Chakmas, marmas, Marungs, Chaks, Bowns, Pankoos among other tribes. The basic human rights of these groups are violated often. These violations are perpetrated by private companies and even the government agencies and if not then state agencies fail to conclusively investigate the violations. There are other third parties who are involved in the violations like the Bengali settlers, private companies, illegal land grabbers as well as the local administrations. The minority tribes have seen massive displacements over the years. For the CHT people it can be said that since the 1940s the CHT people have lost their… Continue Reading...

Policy Of Choice Patient Safety

about involving the criminal justice system in handling drug abuse cases. Upon identification of the problem, congress, human rights groups, experts on drug abuse and the public will weigh in on the political stream. The outcome of the two processes will influence the policy reformulation. The objective is to give better help to drug addicts by embracing humanity and perceiving drug abuse cases not as crimes but as medical conditions. Eventually this will lead to sound public policy in the windows stream stage. References Canadian Nurses Association (2018). Patient Safety. Retrieved 9, September, 2018 from https://www.cna-aiic.ca/en/nursing-practice/evidence-based-practice/patient-safety Chandler, R. K.,… Continue Reading...

Two Sides to Every Story Kashmir Today

its security establishment to control Kashmir which often resulted in human rights violations in Kashmir. Indian actions are driven by the consideration of keeping Kashmir under its control irrespective of the human rights or other cost. The excessive use of security forces and state power by India has transformed the Kashmir Valley into a ‘Human Tragedy.’”[footnoteRef:8] Likewise, other Arab scholars have also weighed in on the Kashmir issue by placing the blame squarely on the actions by the Indian government over the years. For example, a study by other Pakistani researchers even charges India with repeatedly misguiding and misinforming… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration War on Drugs

War on Drugs has on American lives, mass incarceration is a civil rights issue, and a human rights issue. Mass incarceration is not at all a response to increased rates of crime; the notion that crime automatically drives incarceration rates is a myth. Alexander notes that “especially black incarceration rates have soared regardless of whether crime is going up or down in any given community or the nation as a whole.”[footnoteRef:4] In fact, the author traces the genesis of the War on Drugs—and its corresponding effect on punitive incarceration policies—to the Civil Rights movement itself. In the wake of… Continue Reading...

How Policy Administration Can Make or Break Education

society ought to be dignified. All people should be able to freely and fully exercise their human rights, gain accessibility to basic needs and also experience economic security. In the present day, different populations experience discrimination, for instance women facing prejudice at the workplace and also tribal sects such as the Aboriginal facing discrimination and ostracizing. Therefore, my vision for social change takes into account empowering the communities that are not only marginalized but also disadvantaged. Marginalized groups in different expenses, for instance tribal individuals, unorganized workforces, peasants, dalits, as well as women are all in the present day… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

works in tandem with other health professionals and the general public to safeguard human rights, facilitate promotion of health diplomacy and reduction of health disparities. Provision 9 of the ANA Code of Ethics asserts that the nursing profession, collectively through its professional entities, must communicate nursing values, sustaining the integrity of the profession and assimilate principles of social justice into nursing and health policy (American Nurses Association, 2016). The main objective of this paper is to develop a health advocacy campaign regarding obesity and hypertension amongst adults in the state of West Virginia. Population Health Issue: Hypertension and Obesity… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

cosmopolitan Istanbul know better; they know the potential of democratic institutions to promote social justice and human rights. The Ottomans did need to use military means to ensure conformity with the regime, but would rarely have had to contend with feminism or the use of social media to question the validity of the authoritarian model. Turkey has been pluralistic; even more so under Ottoman rule than now. The Turkic tribes aside, the Ottoman Empire extended its reach to places as diverse as Europe, the Levant, and North Africa. Now that the geo-political boundaries of Turkey have shrunk, there is… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

to change in order to reflect the fundamental tenets of human rights and civil liberties. Likewise, social services and social safety needs need to become more robust in the United States, leading to improved quality of life outcomes for all citizens and not just the poor. There will always be persons who abuse the system, but the majority of people prefer pathways to self-empowerment and meaningful work than to suffer the ongoing degradation of victimization and dependency. The changes that would alleviate the conditions described in Evicted start with normative and value-based changes in American culture. Laws reflect social… Continue Reading...

Migration from a Catholic Social Teaching Perspective

of the prevailing political attitudes can be clarified and resolved. The crux of CST is social justice and human rights. As Groody & Cross (2014) point out, there are several CST themes relevant to migration including the right to stay in one’s homeland as well as the right to move when conditions demand it. Moreover, CST recognizes the emergence of a global community in which political boundaries are fluid; national borders can be permeable but still remain intact like a cellular membrane that lets in oxygen while still allowing for the removal of toxins. Migration issues are complex, particularly those… Continue Reading...

Social Innovation and Change

social media, which allows people to share information more easily. So for instance, information about human rights and ethics is more readily available: more information can be found online about the Israel-Palestine conflict; more information can be found and shared about organizing to protest at rallies or things like this—all of which provides more opportunities for studying people and societies for sociologists. Studying society may continue to evolve in the future in response to social changes particularly with regard to how ‘privacy’ as a social value is changing and how this may make studying people easier because everyone puts… Continue Reading...

The Third Culture Kids Of Syria

culture. They are also in a position to compare the local and the international aspects of the human rights and other matters of international interest. This group of people are referred to as third culture kids due to the fact that they do not only rely on the second culture they acquire as they live in their homes of citizenship, but they grow up in the third culture learned in the distant places they go to. The three cultures that the TCKs live with are the culture of their native land that they were born in, the culture of… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

promote public health and safety, and change social norms and values to promote social justice and human rights. Community psychology is also based on evidence and empiricism. Yet research is purposeful and action-driven, and may involve tangible results in terms of public policy outcomes, building community resilience, or changing practices in the workplace or educational environments. Understanding and Embracing Diversity As a central value in community psychology, diversity is the cornerstone of healthy communities and the cultivation of strong personal identities. However, respect for diversity does not imply moral relativism but does recognize the need to embrace universal human… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Organized Crime

characteristically affect the security and solace of any community, neighborhood, and home. human rights to order, good governance, and peace are fundamentally affected by organized crime activities. Organized crime corrupts the political system as well as the governance structure of any society, diminishes the life quality of the community, puts the security of the people at risk, and disrupts family life. As an individual, organized crime has made it very hard to live in a secure, safe, and cohesive neighborhood. Normal commercial activity is slowed down because potential investors think it is very risky to start business or run… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

that offenders who have mental disabilities ought to be advanced some legal protection so as to guarantee their basic human rights – particularly given that their mentally disordered states could, at the time of the commission of an offense, have denied them proper understanding of the rationality as well as consequences of their actions (74).[footnoteRef:19] The all important question remains; are mentally disordered persons incapable of willfully committing crimes? If the answer to this question is a resounding yes, then such individuals ought to be exempted from punishment. [19: Cutler, Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law, 74.] With its primary… Continue Reading...

Comparing Nations Civil Order Control

the 2011-12 riots, killing many protestors and prompting calls of human rights abuses from international watchdog groups. However, because the KSA is used to being hit with these accusations and is in good standing with the U.S. through the petro-dollar scheme, it goes largely held unaccountable on the world stage and the KSA has no sense of Western values when it comes to using force to restore order. When the U.S. uses force through the military as it did at Kent State, it becomes a very controversial affair and can actually lead to more riots and protests and civil… Continue Reading...

The Historical Context Of Marx Scientific Socialism

dominated by feudalism and tight authoritarian political control towards one that reflected the tenets of independence, self-governance, and human rights. [1: Joshua Cole and Carol Symes., Western Civilizations: Their History & Their Culture, Brief 4th ed. (New York: W.W. Norton, 2017) v. 2, p. 625.] Scientific socialism also parallels the principles, methods, and theories outlined by Charles Darwin. Darwin’s concept of biological evolution remarkably makes its way into Marx’s scientific socialism: particularly in the way Marx demonstrates how societies have evolved throughout history. Capitalism became the natural outgrowth of a free market economy, one in which the pursuit of… Continue Reading...

Catholic Social Teaching Peace Building

social justice. Peace building also entails the collaborative action of an increasingly integrated world. Universal human rights and ethics are built into the peace building process. At times, peace building means taking decisive action via activism or fundraising. At other times, peace building means opposing the instruments and institutions of war and conflict. Peace building is also peace promotion in domestic and foreign policy, wherever the Church operates. Organizations like Catholic Relief Services operates in more than three dozen countries, serving millions of people on more than 70 different projects. Because of the unparalleled extent of Catholic influence in even… Continue Reading...

The Reagan Administration U S Diplomatic Relations with the Uk Throughout the Falkland War

the country behind it as it was facing a significant decline in popularity because of human rights abuses and economic mismanagement. For this reason, the government sent over 1000 troops to the Falklands Islands for the recovery mission on the 2nd of April 1982 (“Crisis in the South Atlantic,” N.D.). As the military government expected, many in Argentina reacted positively to the news of the recovery mission. Large ecstatic crowds turned up in the capital to show political support for the junta’s military mission. Nevertheless, the British saw the mission as an act of aggression. The then British Prime… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

continued to show up to the polls in favor of gross human rights abuses. The women and men who supported abolition would have gained more political traction had women been able to actually exercise their rights instead of being pushed to the sidelines, their cause sideswiped by shrill capitalists. After all, slavery started simply as a system of labor exploitation and then degenerated into a race-based system of social hierarchies that was far worse than any of the oppressive measures, laws, or institutions perpetrated by the British Crown against its own citizens. A clash between federalists and anti-federalists precipitated… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

it means convicting the innocent and overriding the principles of human rights; or to err on the side of human rights even if it means risking the release of a terrorist. Pros cons of each tribunal Generally, those in favor of military tribunals for terrorist suspects tend to take a more hard-lined stance towards suspects, an approach that is more akin to “guilty until proven innocent,” than the opposite. The pros offered in favor of military tribunals include their intent to safeguard national security by preventing any suspect from being able to take advantage of a legal loophole or… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

comfortable .Further they should be able to openly criticize any decisions they feel is in violation of the human rights of asylum seekers and discriminated Israeli Citizens Ethiopian descent1. [1: Yerday, F. (2018, Feb 1). They Didn't Want Ethiopian Jews in Israel, Either. HAARETZ. Retrieved November 25, 2018] There is a common phenomenon in Israel where confusion reigns for the people who are both Jewish and Black. It is a fact that racism practiced based on the color of skin does not pay respect to whether the victim is indeed an Israeli citizen or not or whether the victim… Continue Reading...

Ikea and Unbonded Child Laborers

2017) or is there a real need to address this issue from a human rights point of view (Smolin, 2000)? PEST Analysis The PEST model of analysis allows for political, economical, social and technical factors to be considered when deciding on a course of action for a company. In the case of IKEA and its supplier dilemma, the PEST analysis would break the issue down into these four categories: Poltical. IKEA is under pressure to appease various political and non-government organizations regarding the use of child labor in industry. IKEA can continue to sell its products around the world… Continue Reading...

Justification Of the State

the existing regime to oppress the masses. Such units have a record of violating human rights. There have been many efforts to improve on public service delivery and governance through participation by the citizenry[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Derks, Maria. "Improving security and justice through local/non-state actors." Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael (2012).4] In situations where instruments for providing public security by the government are weak, there are always parallel groups that protect sections of the community. Such entities are, therefore, commonly treated as strange and alien entities. Such bodies may be seen to be intended to extend the hand of… Continue Reading...

International Law and World Government

2). The mandates of the UN are basically normative. They aim to preserve peace, protect human rights and to promote development. The plans for operations are ideally strategies for implementation of the normative mandates of the organization. The credentials of the UN in representing the international community give the giant organization legitimacy. The UN has the mandate to decide for the international community on matters of procedure and impartiality. However, the situation also sets up the organization for claims of illegitimacy, informed by the technical nature of its secretariat as an international civil service entity. Such a stance causes problems.… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

Komba, 2018). It is widely agreed upon that FGM violates the human rights of the victims and increases the health complications of the person on whom it is inflicted (Kandala & Komba, 2018). According to the World Health Organization, FGM intentionally causes injury to the genital organs of the female without any medical reason (WHO, 2018). There are no health benefits associated with the FGM procedure. FGM procedure can result in serious urinating problems, bleeding, infections, later cysts, and childbirth complications. FGM also increases the possibility of infant mortality (WHO, 2018). If indeed it has been proven that FGM… Continue Reading...

Conflict Mapping in South Sudan

cleansing as the ethnic tribes compete for resources (Dessalegn, 2017). human rights violation has been extensively reported in South Sudan in the advent of the chronic war. 3. Conflict Dynamics The conflict claimed more than 50,000 lives and left hundreds of thousands of displaced (Blanchard, 2016). At independence, infrastructure and institutions and socio-economic systems were highlight fragile with limited capacity to withstand eruption of civil conflict (King, 2015). Hence, the severe impact of the 2013-2015 conflict. Blanchard (2016) reports that the UN classifies South Sudan as ‘”level 3” humanitarian emergencies. The rise of the civil war has resulted in… Continue Reading...

Race and Racism Who Are You?

the United States and were segregated to their ethnic reserve (Hassan 1). There have been many human rights interventions in the American society that have given rise to a better and more inclusive American society. The 1965 United States immigration law changes gave preferential treatment to the highly skilled and highly educated applicants (Hassan 1). The new immigration laws paved way to the new Asian immigration wave. The Asian American seized the opportunity to get educated from American colleges and even had a higher chance of graduating from college than the American mean, a phenomena known as hyper-selectivity (Hassan… Continue Reading...

Rousseau and Human Rights

1948 Universal Declaration of human rights Rousseau stated in his Social Contract that “Man is born free—and everywhere he is in chains.”[footnoteRef:2] The insistence on man’s nature right of freedom from the Enlightenment Era philosopher helped pave the way for the French Revolution with its insistence on liberty, fraternity and equality. A century and a half later, those same ideals would still hold significant appeal for the Western nations, especially following two World Wars in the 20th century that decimated Europe and parts of Asia. Liberalism was the main driver of the UN’s… Continue Reading...

A Strong and Clear Boundary Between Church and State

1987). Despite each being independent, they have a role of helping one another in case of infringement of human rights and freedoms by either of them. An example is in a situation where the state is exploiting the citizens and failing in practicing their responsibility, the church has a right to criticize the state. On the other hand, in case the government perceives that a certain religion is practising activities which put the security of the citizens to risk, they have a right to put into practice the appropriate measures (Mendelson, 1962). In the constitution of the United States,… Continue Reading...

Argument for Universal Healthcare United States

of health far better than a profit-driven system. A universal healthcare system also aligns itself with the human rights and social justice principles outlined and embedded in constitutional law. Universal healthcare is not just an ethical imperative but a financial one as well. Economists from nations around the world have worked with the United Nations to develop policy suggestions extolling the virtues of universal healthcare as an “essential pillar of development,” (Summers, 2015, p. 2112). Universal healthcare leads to reductions in wasteful spending, and reductions in the prevalence and severity of preventable healthcare problems, which is why countries with… Continue Reading...