Infection Essays


Postoperative Nursing Management

continously to ensure there is no further complications that could be due to an infection or even the inadvertent nicking of the bile duct that could have occurred during the surgery. The drainage from the T-tube and the level jaundice will help determine if any potential complications might be present. Furthermore, the nurses will need to continue to monitor the blood oxygen levels to ensure that the body returns to appropriate levels of aspiration and extra oxygen could be required if these levels do not improve on their own.   Immediate Nursing Priorities • Monitor Vital Signs • Promote… Continue Reading...

Hiv and Aids

AIDS is a condition brought about by HIV. It results during the advanced stages of an HIV infection when an individual's immune system becomes so weak it can't fend off infections from the body. The body becomes a target of various infections which if left untreated can lead to death of the infected person. No cure has been found to cure AIDS. Nonetheless, with good support and treatment, an infected person can live with HIV for a long time. For a healthy long life after infection, the right treatment should be taken correctly and side effects of… Continue Reading...

Public Health Case Study

What is Public Health? What are the Goals and Values of Public Health? Public Health Significance and Personal Health Public health refers to the science of safeguarding and improving family and community health by promoting a healthy way of living, researching into injury and disease prevention, and identifying and controlling communicable diseases in a timely manner. On the whole, public health's focus is the safeguarding of whole populations' health, right from local communities to entire nations and world regions. Public health workers aim at disease prevention before their onset or recurrence via the implementation of educational initiatives, policy recommendations, research,… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Fitness Research

Statistics and Research Method for Business Decisions Potential of Fitness Industry Fitness industries today are increasingly receiving clients from all sorts of demographics and ages. Human fitness is turning out to be an asset that people are taking every effort to ensure it is preserved and protected at all times. The fitness standards are essential because they are multifaceted but appear to converge towards the need for a long healthy life characterized by productivity and reduced vulnerabilities. Fitness is a concern for almost every individual in the world today and the reasons are diverse and varied depending on one's goals… Continue Reading...

Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

High-Risk Pregnancies Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

Mcardie Estate v. Cox case, by providing a case summary, comparison of exclusive professional practice scope and right to health care professionals' title, and protections for healthcare workings abiding by practice standards. Malpractice and neglect are perhaps the aspects most carefully covered by healthcare policymakers. Healthcare law may be considered distinctive in the legal sphere, as it is one subdivision that affords numerous scholarship approaches a chance to succeed (Jocelyn, et.al, 2002). Healthcare law is an interdisciplinary and dynamic domain, with numerous legal, scientific, economic, social, political and philosophical grounds for its dynamism. Case Summary McArdie Estate v. Cox was… Continue Reading...

Hiv, Aids, and Hp2020 Initiative

to the intense immune deficiency developing among infected individuals. Immune system breakdown by the human immune virus causes opportunistic infection, and greater vulnerability to malignancy and autoimmune diseases. Moreover, there may be HIV-connected disease manifestations; for instance, in the course of the primary ailment surfacing within a few weeks after the individual's first HIV exposure, clinical signs are seen in about half the patients, often as 'mononucleosis syndrome'. Complications associated with HIV are rare among individuals whose immunity is preserved (Lloyd, 1996). Understanding HIV HIV-affected persons are leading longer, more active and healthier lives in this age, where increasingly… Continue Reading...

Bacteria and Viruses

implies that they can be solely perceived by using an electron microscope (Nursing Times, 2006). infection, every so often the initial phase, takes place when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter the human body and start to proliferate. Disease comes about and ensues when the cells in the human body are damaged, as a result of the infection, and signs and symptoms of a disease appear. Causes Bacterial and viral infections are contaminations caused by bacteria and viruses. Bacteria release toxins into the blood stream whereas viruses damage body cells. Bacteria cause diseases such as strep… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

High-Risk Pregnancies Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is… Continue Reading...

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

reduction in the ability of the body to fight bacterial infection. Neutropenic patients are likely to be vulnerable to infections of the skin, sinus infections (with such symptoms as nasal congestion), infections of the lungs (with such symptoms as difficulty in breathing and cough), or infections of the urinary tract (with symptoms such as frequent and painful urination). These infections may cause fever (MDS Foundation, 2014-2017). Low Platelet Count (THROMBOCYTOPENIA) Thrombocytopenic patients have a high tendency of getting bruises and bleeding even due to minor scrapes and bumps. It is common for them to nosebleed and have bleeding gums;… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

infrastructure devoted to dealing with this public health problem in different countries can be discerned from recent infection rates for this disease. A breakdown of the estimated numbers of people living with HIV / AIDS by WHO region reflects these differential infection rates. According to WHO, in 2015, there were 25.5 million people living with HIV / AIDS in Africa, 3,4 million in the Americas, 3.5 million in Southeast Asia, 2.5 million in Europe, 330,000 in the Eastern Mediterranean and 1.4 million in the Western Pacific regions (Global health observatory data, 2016). At present, the World Health Organization (WHO)… Continue Reading...

Public Health Information

they can only be perceived by using an electron microscope (Nursing Times, 2006). infection, every so often the initial phase, takes place when bacteria, viruses or other microbes that cause disease enter the human body and start to multiply. Disease comes about and ensues when the cells in the human body are damaged, as a result of the infection, and signs and symptoms of a disease appear. Causes Bacterial and viral infections are contaminations caused by bacteria and viruses. Bacteria release poisons known as toxins into the blood stream whereas viruses damage body cells. Bacteria cause diseases such as… Continue Reading...

Education Autobiography on Drugs

Life gives people choices. These choices can lead to circumstances where people may feel lost. Tobacco, alcohol, legal and illegal drugs are part of life. Their influence is everywhere from social media to movies and even at home. What they may teach us is that sometimes when we choose to escape or to feel good, that is when we are our most vulnerable, that is when we may make mistakes. Because life isn't about being perfect, but rather what the imperfections teach us. I have a sister who likes to drink. She's not your typical lush. She drinks only when… Continue Reading...

Main Systems Of Human Body

body defense. It is chiefly responsible for the lymph fluid's synthesis and transportation. Lymph contains WBCs that fight infection. Our nervous system regulates involuntary (e.g., breathing) as well as voluntary action (e.g. conscious movement), and transmits signals across the body. Further, the muscular system with its roughly 650 muscles facilitates body functions like movement and blood flow. Muscles are categorized as: skeletal muscles, linked to bone, which facilitate voluntary movement; cardiac muscles that aid the heart in pumping blood; and smooth muscles which aid substance movement across organs (Rettner, 2016). Our reproductive system facilitates the reproduction process. The female… Continue Reading...

Nursing Challenge

The shortage of nursing staff remains a major challenge in the U.S. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) (2014), the shortage is expected to be even greater in the next one decade or so. The shortage has been fuelled by factors such as reduced enrolment into nursing schools, increased retirement of the nursing workforce, as well as higher demand for healthcare due to population ageing and greater incidence of lifestyle diseases (AACN, 2014). The shortage of nursing staff has severe implications for the nursing workforce. A high number of patients relative to nursing staff often translate… Continue Reading...

Homeopathic Treatment for Pediatrics

A study recently published in Global Pediatric Health by van Haselen et al. (2016) investigated the use of a homeopathic remedy as an add on therapy for the treatment of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in paediatrics. This paper provides an overview of that research, including his methodology and results, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the paper. The aim of the research was to determine whether or not the addition of a homeopathic remedy; Influid, would improve the outcome for paediatrics presenting with upper respiratory tract infections if added to an existing treatment of paracetamol, known as… Continue Reading...

Spina Bifida

in taking care of infants born with myelomeningocele include preventing the exposed body parts i.e. nerves and tissues, from infection and further damage. Normally, an infant born with the defect will be operated on within the first week to cover the exposed body parts and reduce the danger of infection or damage. This immediate operation could help the child enjoy normal body operation and put a stop to further nerve damage. A number of the patients could require more surgeries to help correct issues with the legs, waist or backbone. Those who develop hydrocephalus normally have to undergo a… Continue Reading...

Managing Quality Safety and Individual Performance in Healthcare

With the ever-changing health care sector, reimbursement has increasingly been tied to care quality and health care outcomes. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) have particularly been changing the way hospitals are reimbursed, with hospitals that deliver high quality care and report better health outcomes getting higher reimbursements than those that perform poorly. This has led to increasing prominence of the pay-for-performance approach. Under this approach, hospitals that report greater patient satisfaction, reduced error rates, lower readmission rates, and higher recovery rates for chronic illness get higher reimbursements than their poorly-performing counterparts. The implication is that health care… Continue Reading...

Child Development

Infancy is the stage between birth and two years of age. This stage is characterized by rapid physical growth than any other stage of life. Very interesting changes occur in this couple of years. Brain development also occurs rapidly at this stage. Prior to birth, the unborn baby has most of the brain cells, but not all. There is a very rapid development of the neural connections between the cells. Contrary to what most people think, the baby is not entirely helpless. It is capable of all the basic activities required to sustain life -- breathing, suckling, swallowing and excretion.… Continue Reading...

Sanford Medical Center Organization Structure

the patient outcomes. The hospital measure catheter-related infections, pediatric patient safety, the number of patients with a urinary tract infection, and the exposure time for procedures using fluoroscopy. These measures are aimed at establishing if a patient did contract an infection or suffer additional ailments caused by the care provided and offered by the hospital. Measuring these outcomes allows the hospital to continue advancing its care and learning from the mistakes. Considering this is a research facility too, these results provide researchers with additional information that could be used to establish methods that could help other facilities to improve… Continue Reading...

Homeopathy for Acute Vs. Chronic Conditions

would cure the chronic condition. Some of the acute conditions that are treated using homeopathy are toothaches, ear infection, food poisoning, accidents, influenza, sore throats, and the common cold. Some of these acute conditions might resolve themselves, but if left untreated they might become chronic. The chronic conditions that homeopathy is effective in treating are allergies, insomnia, arthritis, recurrent infections, thyroid disorders, diabetes, depression, post-traumatic stress, panic attacks, anxiety, digestive issues, back pain, and chronic fatigue. Anyone can use homeopathy remedies to treat acute conditions. However, when it comes to the treatment of chronic conditions, one should always consult a… Continue Reading...

How to Prepare and Store Homeopathic Ointments

wounds, because it might heal quickly and result in the infection going inwards. Ruta grav is used to treat bruised bones and the stiffness of tendons and joints. Urtica urens treats itchy skin, minor burns, diaper rash, bites, scalds, rashes, and sunburn. For the treatment of ulcers, sores, bruises, and wounds one should use symphytum. Hypercal is good for treating painful sores, painful bruising, inflamed wounds, and lacerations. References Birnesser, H., Oberbaum, M., Klein, P., & Weiser, M. (2004). The homeopathic preparation Traumeel® S. compared with NSAIDs for symptomatic treatment of epicondylitis. Journal of musculoskeletal research, 8(02n03), 119-128. Schneider,… Continue Reading...

Modalities and Affinities for Rhus Tox, Pulsatilla, Nux Vomica, and Ledum

Modalities and Affinities for Rhus Tox, Pulsatilla, Nux Vomica, and Ledum. This paper examines the modalities and the affinities of four alternative remedies; Rhus tox, Pulsatilla, Nux vomica, and Ledum. Modalities are circumstances under which general or particular symptoms will change become better or worse. Ameliorates are improvement and aggravates make the symptoms worse (Grieve, 1971). Affinities refer to the to the areas of the body that the remedies are aligned with. Rhus tox Rhus tox, is used to treat a variety of conditions including arthritis, exam, measles, rheumatic fever, throats, sprains (Students notes, 2017). The modalities concern movement and… Continue Reading...

Patient Negligence and Nursing Malpractice

Responsibilities of Nurses to Patients Why is it important The role of nurses has a direct implication on the patients. For example, nurses observe and provide direct care to the patients. The physicians give orders and thus are the role of the nurses to implement (Aiken et al., 2014). Often, the work of the physicians is not complete without the help of the nurses. The nurses are responsible for changing clothes and giving the medications to patients. Often, the patients are unable to do basic tasks, and therefore the roles of nurses become very important. Nurses keep medical records for… Continue Reading...

Use Of Chlorhexidine to Prevent Healthcare Associated Infections

the unit.  Moreover, our hospital has obtained different certifications for the prevention of infection controls. For example, I have been part of the team whose my organization sponsors to secure the “Certification in infection Prevention and Control.” (CBIC, 2016 p 1).    “The certification provides standardized measurement of current basic knowledge needed for our physicians to  practice infection prevention and control. The certification also Encourage our  clinicians to  grow, thereby promoting their professionalism among infection prevention and control professionals.” (CBIC, 2016 p 1).    Thus, I can personally confirm that Clabsi Hospital places the highest emphasis on the infectionContinue Reading...

Robotic Surgery Essay

of the body exposed, there is lower risk of infection.  With the surgeon able to operate with greater precision, there is less risk of damage done internally.  With minimal scarring, faster recovery time and less trauma to the body, robotic surgery has become popular with both physicians and patients alike (NYU, 2012). Inception Period The basic structure of surgical robots today is the arm-and-hand model.  The precursor to this model was in the industrial world, where robotics have been used in manufacturing for a few decades now, performing simple tasks.  In many instances, the robot evolved from basic machines… Continue Reading...

Practice Of Dumping Essay

A Utilitarianism Analysis of the Practice of Dumping Introduction Coined by Mother Jones magazine, the term “dumping” is used to describe the practice of selling products in other countries, typically developing nations, after they have been banned for sale in the United States. Although still widely practiced, dumping has been criticized as an immoral business practices that inevitably causes harm to others, usually for profit or to avoid the financial losses that would be caused by being forced to withdraw products from the marketplace. To determine the validity of these criticisms, this paper provides a review of Case 1.1, “Made… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

regard, O’Grady emphasizes that, “Although there is a high incidence of HIV/AIDS infection within the community of trafficked children, misconception about the disease actually leads some people to feel safer sexually abusing young children. Some tourists believe children are less likely to be infected with AIDS and are therefore safe sex partners.” Likewise, virgins are viewed as being a cure for HIV/AIDS in some cultures, increasing the demand for this category of sex trafficking. Nevertheless, simply because a given culture embraces a casual attitude that trafficking in children is fine and dandy does not necessarily make it morally acceptable… Continue Reading...

Change Framework to Lateral Violence in Nursing Practice

Introduction Lateral violence includes all acts of intimidation, humiliation bullying, unwarranted criticism and angry outbursts among other forms from a worker directed to another working (Clarke, 2014). In my current practice, most experienced nurses often feel superior to their inexperienced junior nurses. Therefore, they treat them with contempt as they feel they are more knowledgeable than them. For instance, one nurse may respond with an outburst on anyone enquiring of something that a colleague may have already have explained or considered it a too obvious. In some instances, one nurse may be disrespectful to others and refuse to engage another… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Steroids and Hgh

Ergogenic Aid When discussing and pondering the broader subject of steroids and other substances that aid the body in getting stronger and healthier, one word or term that is likely to come to mind is “anabolic”. However, the use and employment of steroids and supplements has multiple layers and types that must be considered. One of the other terms to consider is ergogenic. Regardless of the type of steroid or body aid, there is an intended and desired effect on performance. There is also the related, yet different, use of what is known as human growth hormone, or HGH. As… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

with bathing but can take his or her own medication. And the last one, a patient experiencing an infection, that just needs an education on proper antibiotics. Orem described a nurse in terms of a counselor, advocator, educator and teacher. This is true. Orem included the concept of inductive and deductive thinking in this theory and provided the stage from which to understand the various complexities of patient recovery (Dickson, Buck, & Riegel, 2011). Overall, one can understand how important theory is in relating to patients, in recognizing the need to assist patients and so forth. Without theories like… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

effectively and securely tracks patients who are at risk of infection, those infected with such communicable diseases as Zika, measles, STDs, tuberculosis, HIV, and influenza. The system supports sharing of data, integration and even coordination among health professionals working on the frontline in war against communicable outbreaks. Maven can easily be configured to handle a wide range of disease outbreak types and other complex technologies. It comes with an intuitive integrated portal to allow several stakeholders to record quickly and share information (Conduent, n.d). The system provides a proactive monitoring tweak which helps in the monitoring of disease. If… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Analysis

suffering and harm. The defendant must not only be shown to have mens rea for causing infection but also a more specific mens rea in the form of causing suffering and harm. Motive remains very essential to prove this kind of case because it informs the basis of establishing the mens rea. The mental culpability of Stark lies in the motive. State v. Jantzi (1982) The case was appealed by the defendant after facing trial for assault in the second degree. In the testimony of the defendant, he was asked to accompany Diane Anderson, who then lived in the… Continue Reading...

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and How Automated Disease Diagnosis and Monitoring Can Help

need to be evaluated and treated will be carried out. Co- infection is a situation where a person has at least two STIs at the same time. A number of other information sources and documents talked about a method of contact tracing which involves a negotiated system where the case is meant to tell his/her contacts of the infection and enjoin them to see a doctor as soon as possible for evaluation. An agreement is made that contacts which have not seen a doctor for evaluation in a pre-agreed time duration will be called by the public health personnel or… Continue Reading...

Health Concern Database Query Report

essence, HIV brings about harm to the body of an individual by destroying infection fighting white blood cells. Not all persons with HIV end up developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), which is the last HIV infection stage. In the United States, Centers for Disease and Control – CDC (2018) points out that HIV has been on the decline within the last decade as a result of targeted efforts to prevent the same. However, according to CDC, “progress has been uneven, and the annual infections and diagnoses have increased among some groups.” It is important to note that there are… Continue Reading...

Pathophysiology Of Gastric Acid Stimulation and Production

taking antacids to reduce stomach acids, elimination of irritating foods, antibiotics in case of pylori infection, and vitamin B12 shots if gastritis is caused by pernicious anemia (Park et al., 2015). References Nasseri-Moghaddam, S., Nokhbeh-Zaeem, H., Saniee, P., Pedramnia, S., Sotoudeh, M., & Malekzadeh, R. (2012). Oral nitrate reductase activity and erosive gastro-esophageal reflux disease: a nitrate hypothesis for GERD pathogenesis. Digestive diseases and sciences, 57(2), 413-418. Park, S.-H., Choi, J. Y., Park, E. J., Lee, J. J., Lee, S., Na, J. O., . . . Kim, E. J. (2015). Prevalence of gastrointestinal diseases and treatment status in noncardiac… Continue Reading...

Infection Control

Failure to implement infection control precautions can lead to potential complications that include the spread of infection to otherwise healthy individuals within the ward or facility where the infection occurs and even out into the community through visitors who become infected (Banach, Bearman, Morgan & Munoz-Price, 2015). Thus, complications that arise from infection spreading may not be confined to the hospital or facility where they occur but can easily become an issue that impacts the outside world as well. Examples abound, whether they are… Continue Reading...

Georgia Environmental Quality Departments

surveillance information. This is so because surveillance outcome assists in the determination of the most appropriate response to any infection. Where disease and infections are prevalent a different approach may be taken with an objective of lowering the infection levels (Abrol, 2014). Proposal Georgia appears to have an elaborate program spearheaded by GMCA. Despite the integrated mosquito management system and disease control mechanisms the risk of mosquito infections in Georgia is still predominant. A community based IPM that facilitates the community by supplying them with Government funded pesticides, fumigation material and mosquito control information might be a necessary step… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

ends up losing a limb to gangrene, or, what’s worse, the person ends up dying from the infection. Communities are like individuals and the families are like the limbs of a person. When a limb is injured due to domestic violence, the rest of the body has a duty to address the limb, repair it and make sure it is healthy again quickly. Stakeholder theory suggests that communities have to do more to prevent domestic violence from occurring and, if it does occur, they have to do more to intervene and help the family to solve its problems by… Continue Reading...

Advanced Practice Nurse Adaptive Response

temperature and a sore throat, which is diagnosed as a throat infection or tonsillitis. The second scenario is diagnosed as allergic contact dermatitis, and the third is diagnosed as depression. Scenario 1 The disorder that is depicted in the scenario is throat infection of tonsillitis. According to Bathala and Eccles (2013) this infection could have been caused by bacteria known as streptococcus, which causes the inflammation of the tonsils and also affects the surrounding areas. The body\'s adaptive responses to the throat infection are having a hurting throat and fever. Jennifer experiencing a high than normal temperature is one… Continue Reading...

The Zika Virus Threat to the United States

Barcellona, C. M., Nicholson, C. O., ... & Isern, S. (2016). Dengue virus antibodies enhance Zika virus infection. Clinical & translational immunology, 5(12). Pierson, T.C., Diamond, M.S. (2014). “Flaviviruses.” In: Longnecker, R., Kieff, E., Cohen, J. I., Knipe, D. M., & Howley, P. M. eds. Fields virology. 6th ed. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer: 746-794. Sikka, V., Chattu, V. K., Popli, R. K., Galwankar, S. C., Kelkar, D., Sawicki, S. G., … Papadimos, T. J. (2016). The Emergence of Zika Virus as a Global Health Security Threat: A Review and a Consensus Statement of the INDUSEM Joint working Group… Continue Reading...

Sepsis

Sepsis Sepsis refers to the body’s dangerous reaction to an existing infection. Sepsis is extremely serious and if not treated swiftly with appropriate action it can lead to fast tissue and organ damage and death. The medical community has long been focused on getting better control of sepsis, as it is a damaging and debilitating condition that contributes to a host of preventable deaths. In fact, sepsis is one of the primary reasons for death in the number of hospitalized patients and is the cause of 20% of all admissions to intensive care units. (Ferrer et al., 2008). This data… Continue Reading...

Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

2017). However, some people have been able to eradicate the bacterial infection, thus returning to asymptomatic life. Those many that do not find a cure in standard treatment, must deal with the lifelong symptoms associated with Lyme disease. Lyme disease and to a lesser extent, Rocky Mountain Spotted fever, have led to increased awareness of tick-borne diseases and what people should do to prevent infection. Lyme Disease The main culprit behind Lyme disease are tick bites from the deer tick and wood tick. The classic bull’s-eye rash has become synonymous as a classic symptom of Lyme disease. The corkscrew-like… Continue Reading...

Zika Virus Essay

antibody detections in the region during the 1950s including confirmed cases of human infection in Uganda again in 1952 as well as the United Republic of Tanzania (Zika virus fact sheet, 2016). During the period from the early 1960s through the 1980s, there were increasing reports of Zika virus infections in humans; these reports, though, were largely restricted to Africa and Asia and were only thought to cause relatively mild symptoms (Kindhauser & Allen, 2016). In 2007, the first major Zika virus outbreak in humans occurred on the Federated States of Micronesia on the island of Yap and epidemiologists… Continue Reading...

Homeopathic Vs Traditional Medicine for Respiratory Infection Essay

Randomized Controlled Trial”, researchers attempted to discover if homeopathic intervention could help patients deal with an upper respiratory tract infection better than traditional, standard medicine. Researchers placed patients into a randomized controlled trial to see if either type of medicine outperformed the other. “…randomized controlled multinational clinical trial, patients (age range 1-65 years) with feverish URTI received either on-demand symptomatic standard treatment (ST group: paracetamol, ambroxol, and/or oxymetazoline), or homeopathic medication (IFC group: Influcid®) for 7 days plus the same on-demand standard treatment” (Thinesse-Mallwitz, Maydannik, Keller, & Klement, 2015, p. 163). The standard treatment given to the non-homeopathic group… Continue Reading...

Antimicrobial Agents

the terms antibiotic, antimicrobial, and anti-infective are used interchangeably, but it is crucial to differentiate between the type of infection in order to choose the appropriate antimicrobial agent (Leekha, Terrell, & Edson, 2011, p. 156). Incorrect treatment can lead to deleterious results including resistance. There are several different ways to classify antimicrobial agents, and likewise, different methods of determining whether the infection is related to a virus, bacteria, or otherwise. Classifying Antimicrobial Agents One method of classifying antimicrobial agents is via their chemical composition or molecular structure. Another method of classifying antimicrobial agents is via their mechanism of action,… Continue Reading...

Clinical Diagnosis Of Patient Condition

for antibodies. The immune system produces antibodies in response to an infection, and so the presence of antibodies means that at some point there was an infection somewhere with herpes” (Gunter, 2013). However, with something like herpes, most people are unaware they have the infection as most people don’t carry symptoms of it and don’t have reoccurring sores on their lips or genitals, but have what most people refer to as a silent infection (Gunter, 2013). Thus, a blood test would be essential in order to determine what antibodies are present in the blood. Nevertheless, in the possibility of… Continue Reading...

Health Concerns Involving Breast Cancer

treatments. Chemotherapy’s side-effects are governed by individual patient physiology, medication administered, and its dosage and schedule. Common side-effects are fatigue, infection risks, hair loss, appetite loss, diarrhea, and vomiting and nausea, which are normally successfully manageable or preventable during therapy using supportive medication. Also, they generally go away following treatment completion. Lasting side-effects like secondary cancer, heart damage or nerve damage seldom occur (Cancer.Net, 2017). Hormone therapy’s side-effects are mainly dependent on treatment type and drug used. A widely-adopted switching approach for adjuvant treatment, where patients are prescribed tamoxifen for a 2-3 year period, and subsequently aromatase inhibitor (also for… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

the patients and not causing more harm or infections. The 12% infection rate caused by the indwelling catheters is too high hence the urgent need for multifaceted approach in curbing the infections. This proposed research is grounded on the premises that the prevention of CAUTI is not absolutely upon the medics within the hospital but greatly lies on the reliability of the in-hospital patients to take care of themselves and implement the medical directions given to them by the nurses, hence the CAUTI education for such patients. Once the intervention as will be explained herein is implemented, the UTI… Continue Reading...

Using Evidence Based Practice to Resolve a Nursing Issue

mortality rate of between 10% to 30% (Perin, Erdmann, Higashi, & Sasso, 2016). The incidence of primary bloodstream infection is reported to be about 1.52/1,000 catheters-day and this CVC utilization rate is 0.80. Based on this there has been concern over the risk of infections that patients are exposed and the prevalence of CLABSI. CLABSI has been identified as the primary complication of CVC. Critical care workers, nurses, patients, and hospital management are the main stakeholders who are impacted by this health concern. However, the nurses who work in the ICU and the critical care workers are directly impacted… Continue Reading...

Hospital Organizational Change Nurse Consultation

of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a common but preventable staph infection. Also notable is the low score on patient satisfaction surveys, which have been covered extensively in the media. An article in the Miami Herald points out that although most Florida hospitals also receive poor marks from patients, Jackson Memorial is the only one in South Florida to receive the one-star rating—the worst possible rating (Herrera & Rau, 2015). Likewise, the U.S. News & World Report 2018 rankings indicated the two out of five stars for overall patient experience within the Jackson Health System. Current Evidence-Based Practice Activities Closely… Continue Reading...

Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Mrsa and Lyme Disease

have stage 3, i.e. late disease, which comes about after failure to treat the infection during the first two stages. For this reason, stage 3 could take a long time to develop. The clinical manifestations at this stage, according to Murray and Shapiro (2010), include encephalitis and arthritis. An individual could also experience limb numbness, memory loss (short-term), and severe headaches. Treatment According to CDC (2018), antibiotics are in most cases effective in the treatment of the disease. Towards this end, “patients typically take doxycycline for 10 days to 3 weeks, or amoxicillin and cefuroxime for 2 to 3… Continue Reading...

Benchmarking for a National Hospital Assessment

reflects the high rates of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a common but preventable staph infection. Also notable is the low score on patient satisfaction surveys. Current Evidence-Based Practice Activities Baptist Health Care system works closely with Mayo Clinic, and evidence-based practice is the cornerstone of the Baptist Health Care system. Current evidence-based practice activities are embedded at every level and type of healthcare practice, product, and service offered throughout the Baptist Health Care system. Most notably, the effective performance and clinical outcomes at the Baptist Hospital depend on the use of evidence-based neonatal and infant care. The only exception… Continue Reading...

Patient Analysis for a Nurse Practitioner

the time of hospitalization were normal. 2. Objective Diagnostic Study Bartholin's gland infection Situated in a symmetrical arrangement at the vaginal opening’s posterior are a couple of pea-sized “Bartholin’s glands”, which have a key role to play in women’s reproductive system. Their function is secreting mucus and lubricating the vagina. Cysts commonly form within these glands, on account of accumulation of mucus within the gland ducts. Monitoring these cysts is vital owing to the fact that they can develop as carcinomas. Larger abscesses and cysts develop within the lower vestibule area, presenting, usually, with edema and erythema. One efficient means of differentiating… Continue Reading...

Challenges and Opportunities Essay

in place will also ensure that they check to ensure that it is properly inserted and no infection has occurred.  Catheter reminder interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing the rate of infections caused by urinary catheters (Meddings et al., 2014).  Electronic reminders could also be implemented to replace the sticker method that is being used by most facilities.  Electronic reminders will be hard to miss and the physician or nurse will be alerted to check on the status of the catheter.  It has been shown that any intervention that facilitates the prompt removal of unnecessary catheters… Continue Reading...

Nursing Intervention

if any are left available following first offerings to physicians and staff. Residents should be decentralized in case an infection does occur; it will be harder for the flu to spread if residents are segregated. Exercise should be promoted and diet should be enhanced with vitamins and minerals that can promote a healthy and active immune system during this time period. Residents who exhibit flu-like symptoms should be isolated for one week. Visitations should be restricted during the outbreak. Visitors who come to the prison must be able to show that they have been screened or received their flu… Continue Reading...

Differences in Competencies Between the Adn Versus the Bsn Nurse

aware of how serious it is to care for the umbilical cord stump effectively in order to prevent infection. “After birth, the devitalized umbilical cord often proves to be an ideal substrate for bacterial growth and also provides direct access to the bloodstream of the neonate. Bacterial colonization of the cord not infrequently leads to omphalitis and associated thrombophlebitis, cellulitis, or necrotizing fasciitis” (Stewart & Benitz, 2016). Hence, treating this area effectively and swiftly is crucial as infection must be avoided at all costs. Infections impede the development of the infant, and there’s always the danger that the infectionContinue Reading...

Difference Between Goals and Objectives Essay

will also be able to explain catheter care to the patient, and recognize and iterate the warning signs of infection.       Content Outline:       I. Introduce the device and its design       II. Demonstrate the insertion procedure       III. Demonstrate the removal       IV. Demonstrate care procedures       V. Demonstrate early signs of infection       VI. Discuss communications strategies for patient education.       Teaching Methods:       Use patient simulations, photographs, and information sheets. For final assessment, demonstrate learning on actual patient,… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

important to rule out conditions that manifest in similar signs such as an infection or urinary stones which may be affected by the CAM method that is used. There are a variety of CAM modalities that can be used to treat IC that include: 1. biologically-based therapies, including dietary modification, nutraceutical and herbal supplement usage; 2. mind-body interventions, like cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, yoga or biofeedback exercises; 3. manipulative and body-based approaches, i.e., massage techniques, bladder retraining and physical therapy; 4. energy therapies, like Qigong, Reiki and bioelectromagnetic-based therapy; 5. whole medical systems, i.e., traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture and… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

it is important to rule out conditions that manifest in similar signs such as an infection or urinary stones which may be affected by the CAM method that is used. There are a variety of CAM modalities that can be used to treat IC that include: 1. biologically-based therapies, including dietary modification, nutraceutical and herbal supplement usage; 2. mind-body interventions, like cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, yoga or biofeedback exercises; 3. manipulative and body-based approaches, i.e., massage techniques, bladder retraining and physical therapy; 4. energy therapies, like Qigong, Reiki and bioelectromagnetic-based therapy; 5. whole medical systems, i.e., traditional Chinese medicine,… Continue Reading...

Medical Evacuation Evolution in the Us

How Medical Evacuation Evolved from Post Civil War to Present 1st Historical Interest Timeline: 1877 to 1910 Medical advances during this period were more in organization and technique and not in medical breakthroughs. Jonathan Letterman is credited with creating a highly organized system of ambulances and trained stretcher bearers that were designed to evacuate the wounded quickly. This was a great improvement from the previous methods. It was also during this period that sanitary conditions for medical care were improved upon. Previously surgeons did not wash their hand before attending to a patient and their equipment was not sanitized. This… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

S. (2017). Effectiveness of an interprofessional team approach at reducing CLABSI in a community hospital. American Journal of infection Control, 45(6), S100. Orazem, R. J., Frazier, P. A., Schnurr, P. P., Oleson, H. E., Carlson, K. F., Litz, B. T., & Sayer, N. A. (2017). Identity adjustment among Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans with reintegration difficulty. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 9(S1), 4. RAND Corporation. (2017). Changing landscape for Veterans’ mental health. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9981z2.html Vogt, D., Smith, B. N., Fox, A. B., Amoroso, T., Taverna, E., & Schnurr, P. P. (2017). Consequences of PTSD for the work and family quality… Continue Reading...

Unhealthy Behavior Drinking Inadequate Water

Drinking Inadequate water One must drink enough pure water on a daily basis for good health. However, many people forego water and concentrate on other fluids which have additional ingredients. These cannot be compared to water when it comes to health benefits. (McLennan, 2000) Take the example of young kids, who mostly prefer sweet drinks such artificial juice and sodas. Likewise, teens go for energy drinks and sports drinks in lieu of water. (Simpson, & Mazzeo, 2017) A recent Havard study found out that over half of the children in America are dehydrated. This has many negative implications on their… Continue Reading...

Homeostasis Its Effect on the Critically Ill

homeostasis mechanisms the critically ill face great danger of getting nosocomial infection. This infection causes mortality and morbidity. It also generates additional costs on the healthcare system (Ingels, Vanhorebeek & Van, 2018). Moderate and short term hyperglycemia could have some benefits during acute illness or stress since it ensures that glucose supply to the immune cells is sustained. Persistent and severe hyperglycemia is detrimental though (Ingels, Vanhorebeek & Van, 2018). Hyperglycemia induced through stress can cause serious infections because high levels of glucose can negatively impact the fundamental constituents of innate immune reactions. Critical illness can interfere with the… Continue Reading...

Policy Of Choice Patient Safety

die annually from hospital accidents, injuries, errors and infections. Further 4% of patients will unnecessarily develop some infection while at hospital. Medicare patients have a 25% chance of getting injured, harmed or even die while being admitted in a hospital facility (The Leapfrog Group, 2018). On a daily basis close to 1,000 people die as a result of medical errors that can be prevented. If is for this reason that patient safety procedures and policies are an integral and fundamental part of any healthcare institution. Issue of Interest: Drug Abuse in Adult Population According to the Kingdon’s Model there… Continue Reading...

Using Drugs to Treat Hepatitis C

20 cells/µL. In order to evaluate any disorder in the liver, exams should rule out HBV and HCV infection as a differential diagnosis. So those viral infections have to be tested for before proceeding to make a diagnosis. The patient’s Hep C infection is quite likely, especially if the patient has a history of drug abuse. Physical examination would help make this diagnosis as well. However, Tabibian, Varghese, LaRusso and O’Hara (2016) note that “increasing evidence points to the contribution of the intestinal microbiome as a potentially key determinant in the initiation and/or progression of hepatobiliary disease” (p. 480).… Continue Reading...

How Modern Medicine Was Developed

The Development of Modern Medicine How did Greek and Galenic notions of health and disease differ from the work of Morgagni and the practitioners of French Clinical medicine? The Greek and Galenic notions of health and disease differed from the Morgagni in that they viewed disease as being caused by an imbalance in the body. Galenic notions were intertwined with philosophy, which was aimed at answering the Socratic question "How should a person live a good life?" Therefore, the Galenic physicians were required to have mastered philosophy and this meant that they employed more of philosophy on their diagnosis, prognosis,… Continue Reading...

Community or Public Health Nurse Role Interview

Background Josephine Lawrence (name changed to protect anonymity) has been a community health nurse employed by the city for almost five years. Working in the public sector is radically different from working in a private healthcare institution, notes Lawrence, who had practiced as an RN for ten years prior to her career change. When asked what precipitated the change. Lawrence said that a lot of it had to do with the way her mind works. She always preferred “big picture” issues, as she put it, recognizing the need for greater community activism, empowerment, and advocacy. Changes to the Profession According… Continue Reading...

Nursing Antibacterial Antimicrobial Antiviral Agents

side effects, it is important to properly identify the type of infection first and then administer the appropriate antimicrobial agent. Antibacterial agents like antibiotics target bacterial infections, whereas antiviral agents target viruses. Generally, antibacterial agents inhibit cell wall synthesis or protein synthesis in the target bacteria, with Penicillin and other beta-lactams being the most notable antibiotic group (Greenwood & Irving, 2012). Other antibiotics that inhibit cell wall or protein synthesis include the cephalosporin and carbapenem groups (Maiyoh, 2015). Because viruses do not have cellular walls or conduct their own protein synthesis like bacteria, antiviral agents work totally differently and… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Hsv

Introduction Patient AB has a history of sexually transmitted infection (STI). She has also had more than one partner in the last twelve months. The last known STI was chlamydia over two years ago. She also has an ulcer on external labia. While the bumps on her genitals are painless, they are a recent event, and says the bumps feel rough. While there several potential diagnoses available, not enough information has been given. A current blood test to screen for STDs/STIs would be beneficial along with hygiene habits like… Continue Reading...

Cancer Women’s and Men’s Health

to note that different strains or forms of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, have a role to play in giving rise to a great deal of cervical cancer. Available Preventative Services The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) gives the recommendation of screening for cervical cancer in women between the ages of 21 years to 65 years with pap smear for every three-year period. It is also recommended for women between the ages of 30 and 65 years who wish to prolong the screening period, and therefore screening with a mixture of cytology and human… Continue Reading...

Salmonella Infection

Salmonella infection The salmonella bacteria had been the twentieth century’s archetypical organism causing food poisoning, highly notorious for the 1988-89 crisis of salmonella in eggs. By that time, however, it had already been a topic of scientific and public health focus for more than a hundred years. Previously linked to animal foods, phage typing’s introduction during the 1940s started revealing the complex nature of its associations with its environment (Hardy, 2004). Epidemiological Triangle The Agent The salmonella bacterium resides in living beings’ intestines. A majority of individuals contract salmonella… Continue Reading...

Browning Versus Shakespeare Irony and Menace

an indication that he fears he has been taken advantage of: “But if that flower with base infection meet, /The basest weed outbraves his dignity:” (11-12). Unlike Browning, Shakespeare prefers not to describe what makes him uncomfortable about his lover, as if it is too painful. He compares his lover to a flower but one which he suspects has been infected with infidelity and thus the lover is like a weed, as unfaithfulness cheapens the lover’s beauty. Unlike the Duke, who seems primarily concerned with his lover’s appearance, Shakespeare is instead concerned with his lover’s character. Shakespeare also does… Continue Reading...

Cabg Surgery Plan Of Care

airway pressure for half a minute (Celebi, Köner & Menda, 2007). Post-surgical hyperglycemia avoidance decreases serious sternal wound infection risks, in addition to that of sepsis, mortality, and all -cause infection. Further, glycemic control adequacy has been utilized as a measure of quality. High glycemic inconsistency levels can be indicative of adverse events. Stress reaction to the CABD operation and hemodynamic support-targeted exogenous catecholamines complicate immediate post-surgery glycemic control, which may be challenging among diabetics as well as non-diabetics. Existing practice guidelines and information help maintain blood sugar levels below 180mg/dL during the initial couple of days following operation. This… Continue Reading...

Health Care and Transparency Issues

Standardization and Priorities of Healthcare Organizations Introduction As Leotsakos et al. (2014) note, standardization of patient safety in healthcare organizations has not proceeded with a great deal of progress in recent years though monumental steps have been made to increase patient safety in the industry. For that reason the World Health Organization (2018) has made it a priority to address standardization by initiating the High 5s project “to facilitate the development, implementation and evaluation of standard operating procedures (SOPs) within to achieve measurable, significant and sustainable reductions in a number of challenging patient safety problems.” These developments are still needed… Continue Reading...

Efficiency in the Health Care Facilities

the need for the medic to not only look at the infection, or the ailment, or the condition or symptoms presented, but to be empathetic enough to probe further to determine if the other related social factors could be changed to improve the health of the individual. This means hence that blaming one for the poor health or praising one for the good health is inappropriate. Average length of stay The efficiency of healthcare has been a key point that patients and the beneficiaries of health care look into. One of the ways that can be used to measure… Continue Reading...

Security for Mobile Devices

the downloading of harmful or infected apps. Ways of protecting against infection are built-in to Android phones, which operate on a Linux kernel and use an isolation model (Delac et al., 2011), but this comes with its own issues and difficulties, as it reduces the effectiveness of an app. The shared user ID application permits mobile devices to share information, which makes them vulnerable to security threats, hacking, malware, spyware and so on. An iOS platform could benefit from isolation (Delac et al., 2011), but isolation is not a guarantee of security in and of itself. Some safety considerations to… Continue Reading...

Acute Asthma

by lasting damage. This condition is usually characterized by greater type 2 inflammation sensitivity, vitiated lung growth, increased viral infection susceptibility, or bacterial colonization. Among patients at this stage, dendritic cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, basophils, lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, mast cells and T helper 2 cells stimulate airway hyper-responsiveness and intractable bronchial mucosa inflammation (Conley, 2017). Chronic and acute asthma, to some extent, resemble one another in terms of symptoms and elementary treatment. But the key difference between the two is how long the episode lasts. Acute asthma is temporary whilst chronic asthmatic attacks are prolonged and can continue for a… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Pandemic Outbreak and Discussion

for Disease Control (CDC) in their weekly Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report detailed cases of an uncommon lung infection: “In the period October 1980-May 1981, 5 young men, all active homosexuals, were treated for biopsy-confirmed Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia at 3 different hospitals in Los Angeles, California. Two of the patients died. All 5 patients had laboratory-confirmed previous or current cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and candidal mucosal infection. Case reports of these patients follow” (cdc.gov, 1981). The scientific community now views this as the first report of AIDS that the world had ever seen. By the end of 198, there was a total… Continue Reading...

The Risks Of Hair Transplant

indirect effect of the procedure on the integumentary system is that it can result in infection. This occurs if the hair follicles become inflamed. This condition is known as foliculitis, and typically results from a bacterial infection. If bacteria get into the hole where the hair is transplanted the risk of infection has to be considered—which is why this is the number one indirect effect of the procedure. However, because one is also transplanting hair, the integumentary system may reject it ultimately and cause the hair to grow in that spot irregularly or not at all. References Nelson, J.… Continue Reading...

How Taenia Saginata Is Spread Ideal Diagnosis and Treatment

category. The disease is commonly known as beef tapeworm. infection to humans occurs as a result of consuming uncooked or raw beef carrying cysticerci. Cysticerci is a hermaphrodite infective larvae whose composition comes complete with both male and female reproductive system (Adams and DeVlieger DD.). Once the larvae enter the body of a host human through ingestion it reproduces by self-fertilization and hatches in the host’s intestines. Hatching of the ingested larvae will take place within 5 and 12 weeks where an adult warm develops. The first symptoms of the disease after consumptions will appear between 3 and 6… Continue Reading...

Disorders Of Motility Gastrointestinal Tract

as repair of the mucosa is disrupted by the said utilization of NSAIDs or Helicobacter pylori infection. In the end, the susceptibility of the mucosa to acid increases. Lastly, GERD is occasioned by the constant reflux of acid into the esophagus (Taylor, 2012). As a consequence of this constant acid reflux, the lining of the esophagus ends up being irritated. When the sphincter at the bottom of the esophagus relaxes in an abnormal format or weakens, then acid reflux becomes commonplace, hence GERD (Taylor, 2012). Some of the patient factors that could impact the pathophysiology of gastritis, PUD, and… Continue Reading...

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Multiple sclerosis or MS refers to an autoimmune, chronic condition which impacts physical movement, function and sensation. The problem sets in following neuron insulation destruction (i.e., myelin sheath destruction) within an individual’s central nervous system (CNS) (Cengage Learning, 2013). Symptoms of the disorder start showing up at early adulthood, greatly impacting patients’ domestic, social, and professional lives. As the absence of myelin retards action potential conduct, the disorder is manifested as performance impairment, having a potential destructive influence on patient behavior. MS often entails a relatively progressive onset of behavioral deficiencies and neurological symptoms (Hoang & Shepherd, 2010).… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Potable Water on Nutrition

Introduction There is a direct correlation between the lack of clean safe water for drinking and cooking with nutritional problems. The lack of clean drinking water leads to diseases like diarrhea. Nutritional deficiencies are directly related to lack of potable water. This is because a person does not get enough calories, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, or minerals in their body. Undernutrition has been associated with 45 percent of global deaths and nearly 7.4 percent of the world's children are at risk of undernutrition. Malnourished children have weakened immune systems that make them more susceptible to diarrhea when they are exposed to… Continue Reading...

Treatment and Therapy Of Cholera

Q1. Discuss the physicians changing perceptions of the nature of cholera, its treatment, and therapy in 1832, 1849, and 1866. How did these factors change? Why? Today, the general public and physicians alike are well aware of the need for proper sanitation in the public water system. But during the 19th century, knowledge about the spread of germs and disease was less widespread, and cholera, although widely accepted as a serious threat to public health, was still controversial in its ascribed origin. The hero of cholera research is John Snow, who, through the use of city mapping was able to… Continue Reading...

Homeopathy As an Alternative to Antibiotics

Antibiotic Resistance Antibiotic resistance develops in the same way that human resistance to infection develops—through exposure, the body builds up a resistance so that whatever is introduced is less effective at performing its task. As Ventola (2015) notes, “the overuse of antibiotics clearly drives the evolution of resistance. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a direct relationship between antibiotic consumption and the emergence and dissemination of resistant bacteria strains” (p. 277). Moreover, bacteria can inherent genes that are already resistant to antibiotics, which means that horizontal gene transfer occurs to create a veritable shield of defense against antibiotics.… Continue Reading...

An Argument in Support Of Vaccination

should be noted that any child who has not been vaccinated against these diseases risks infection. Essentially, over the years, there has been a dramatic decrease in the number of various vaccine-preventable infectious diseases in the United States. However, some of the said infectious diseases continue to be common in other jurisdictions across the world. International travellers could easily bring such diseases to the U.S. As Guidolin and Meglei (107) point out, vaccines come in handy in seeking to curtail the spread of some infectious diseases that could potentially jeopardize efforts to promote the health and wellbeing of populations.… Continue Reading...

Doctors Without Borders and Clean Water Crisis

regions and health care establishments where patients as well as members of staff are placed at greater risk of infection and disease when there is a lack of water, sanitation and also hygiene services. Approximately, over 840,000 persons are approximated to die on an annual basis from diarrhoea owing to unsafe drinking-water, sanitation, and hand hygiene. Nevertheless, the downside of this circumstance is that diarrhoea is generally avoidable, and the demises of 361 000 children below the age of 5 years could be evaded each year if these risk factors were taken into consideration. In the regions where water… Continue Reading...

Zoster Without Complications

is aged persons (Sampathkumar, Drage & Martin, 2009). It normally presents as the following two separate conditions: chickenpox (primary infection) and HZ or zoster (the secondary condition) (Cohen, Salbu, Frank & Israel, 2013). According to the patient, she had contracted chicken pox during her childhood. Shah, Einstein, Sharma, and Singarju (2016) claim that a majority of individuals contract this virus during childhood and suffer from a bout of chickenpox. Ultimately, the individual’s immune system gets rid of it from a majority of areas; however, the virus may be latent or dormant within dorsal root ganglia (which lie next to… Continue Reading...

Kidney Function and Orthostatic Hypotension

Orthostatic Hypotension Blood pressure is the strength of blood pushing against arteries’ walls as the heart beats. Adults have a 120/80 mmHg e normal blood pressure. The numerator represents the systolic pressure which is the measure of blood pressure during active heart beats while the denominator represents the diastolic pressure, which is the blood pressure during passive heart beats (Low & Tomalia, 2015). Consistent rise of blood pressure to over 140/90 mmHg results to high blood pressure, medically referred as hypertension which puts an individual on risk of stroke. On the other hand, low blood pressure medically referred to as… Continue Reading...

Nursing Burnout Issue at a Facility

no longer in need to reduce the risk of infection. The facility also uses the CDCs guidelines to prevent catheter associated UTIs by assessing daily the need for continuous use of catheter. Hygiene provided to the patient Q Shift and as needed. Measure and empty the urinary drainage bag Q shift and as needed. Hand washing and use of gloves during catheter Care.   Drainage bag kept below the bladder level.   Another use of evidence base practice is early mobilization of patients to reduce pressure injury, muscle atrophy and other complications due to prolonged bed rest. This patient is seen… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

heal hence making the duration and intensity of pain extreme (WHO, 2019). Swelling of genital tissue: Owing to the local infection or inflammatory response involved the genitals may swell resulting in discomfort and pain (WHO, 2019). Shock: This can be occasioned by the hemorrhage, infection or pain. Infections: The use of unsterilized equipment can result in contamination. Some traditional circumcisers use the exact instruments on many genital mutilation procedures. The infection can continue to the healing period and cause further irreparable complications (WHO, 2019). HIV: The link between HIV and FGM is unconfirmed although genital mutilation using the same instruments… Continue Reading...

Altered Health in Older Adults

Concepts of Altered Health in Older Adults What physiological factors would typically increase Joseph’s risk of falling while walking outdoors? Considering Joseph's age, he is likely to suffer from fatigue when walking outdoors and this might increase his likelihood of falling. Walking is considered to be a tiring exercise and Joseph walks for a long period. This increases his chances of getting tired and with tiredness, fatigue will check in. Fatigue results in Joseph's reaction and they might not be able to respond appropriately. A person is most likely to lose balance control when they are tired and this increases… Continue Reading...

Personal Social Status and Culture

immediate and late effects. The immediate effects include “pain and hemorrhage, wound infection, difficulty and pain in passing urine and even death”, while the late effects include “infertility, chronic pelvic pain, painful menstruation, cyst formation and vesico-vaginal fistule” Uzoamaka, et al (year). Other effects of FGM are obstetric risk and complications which usually occur during labor. For the psychological part of the effects, the inhuman treatment of having to be under an unsterilized ‘knife' without any form of anesthesia, and with legs forcefully held down and bound for a long period while the ‘surgery’ last, is nothing but mental… Continue Reading...

Upper Respiratory Infection

Acute Upper Respiratory infection Introduction An acute upper respiratory infection (URI) is also referred to as the common cold. It normally affects the nasal passages and throat. The upper respiratory tract consists of the nose, pharynx, throat, bronchi, and larynx. Treatment for acute URI is usually simple not unless one has a chronic respiratory condition like asthma. This is one of the most common illnesses that leads to more doctor visits and absenteeism from work and school than any other illness every year.… Continue Reading...

Upsa Members and Ltc Choices

LTC choices for UPSA members Introduction LTC (Long Term Care) is an attempt at assisting people of any age with their daily activities and/or medical needs for an extended duration of time (WebMD, 2019). This type of care may be offered in various care facilities, inside a community, and at home. This is an educational brochure focusing on LTC choices for UMUC Premier Student Association (UPSA). When seeking for long term care it is necessary to bear in mind that quality is likely to vary based on the caregiver and/or place where the LTC is provided. It is fundamental to… Continue Reading...

Acute Gastritis

CHIEF COMPLAINT: Constant abdominal pain with N/V for 4 days HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: The patient is a 24-year-old African American female who presents to the clinic with abdominal pain, nausea, as well as vomiting. According to the patient, she has not experienced fever and she has not noticed any blood in her stool or vomit. ASSESSMENT: A 24-year-old African American woman presents to the clinic complaining of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Upon enquiry, she denies any blood in the stool or vomit. She also denies any fever. Patient medical history is not available. Although acute gastritis is suspected,… Continue Reading...

Preventing Urinary Tract Infections Caused by Catheters

check to ensure that it is properly inserted and no infection has occurred. Catheter reminder interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing the rate of infections caused by urinary catheters (Meddings et al., 2014). Electronic reminders could also be implemented to replace the sticker method that is being used by most facilities. Electronic reminders will be hard to miss and the physician or nurse will be alerted to check on the status of the catheter. It has been shown that any intervention that facilitates the prompt removal of unnecessary catheters would have a strong impact in preventing… Continue Reading...

Maintaining the Health Of Patients

important. It involves removing the catheter as soon as possible to decrease the chance of infection, since “The most important risk factor for developing a catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI) is prolonged use of the urinary catheter” (CDC, 2015). References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Catheter-associated urinary tract infection. https://www.cdc.gov/ Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hai/ca_uti/uti.html Iowa Department of Public Health. (2018). CAUTI information. https://idph.iowa.gov/ Retrieved from https://idph.iowa.gov/hai-prevention/information/cauti North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). Catheter-associated urinary tract infection. https://epi.publichealth.nc.gov/ Retrieved from https://epi.publichealth.nc.gov/cd/diseases/cauti.html Continue Reading...

Urinary Tract Infection

Case Study: Urinary Tract infection CHIEF COMPLAINT: Urination with a burning sensation, pelvic genital pain, frequent and urgent urination, urine which is colored for the past three days and dribbling urination. HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: A patient visits complaining about urination with a burning sensation, pelvic genital pain, frequent and urgent urination, urine which is colored for three days and dribbling urination. He is an African American who is 58 years old. However, he denies having fever. Assessment This 58-year-old man describes his symptoms as having urination with a burning sensation, pelvic… Continue Reading...

Neurological Disease

by stroke, physical damage to the brain, or damage caused by an infection. A person with this syndrome has significant daily functional impairments. It may be difficult to hold a job because one cannot express themselves orally, read, or potentially right. Deficits and using the fingers may result in impairment of basic living skills. These deficits may also affect recreational activities in the general enjoyment of life. Children with the syndrome tend to cope with the deficits and learn to adjust (Miller and Hynd, 2004). Symptoms tend to diminish over time and are treated symptomatically and through supportive strategies.… Continue Reading...

Johnson and Johnson Human Resource Value and Contribution

Introduction to Johnson and Johnson For a company to be successful, it must continuously build and nurture long-term relationships with its strategic shareholders. Shareholders is anyone who has an interest in an organization ((Noe et al., 2016). They include employees, governments, competitors, suppliers, competitors and customers. One such company is Johnson and Johnson (J&J). It has emerged as one of the most successful company globally because of its values dubbed "Our Credo” (Team, Directors and Governance, 2019).J&J is also among the Fortune 500 companies. This paper will focus on various dimensions of the J&J Company. It is divided into three… Continue Reading...

Epidemiology and Valley Fever

Prevention (CDC, 2018a), coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley fever, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides. The fungus is commonly found in the soil in the Southwestern U.S. and Mexico region. When people breathe in the spores of the fungus, which can hang in the dusty air, they can develop Valley Fever. People who already have weakened immune systems are most likely at risk for developing Valley Fever (Woods et al., 2000). Those with healthier immune systems tend to recover within a few weeks, though sometimes it can take months to heal completely and antifungal medication may be provide… Continue Reading...