Islam Essays


Covenantal Nomism

not) in general and beyond. Fast forward about five or six centuries and one can throw islam into that mix as well. There is often a rejection of faiths that are exclusionary and separatist in nature. Indeed, any sect or group that says that they alone are God's chosen people leads to people guffawing and arguing. At the same time, the palpable and major differences between Judaism and Christianity (not to mention islam), despite their major similarities, cannot be ignored. It remains to be seen how these theories and ideas will ebb and flow in the generations and centuries… Continue Reading...

Political Structures in the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties The Major Changes in the Political Structures, Social and Economic Life in the Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties One leading present-day nation that was home to one of the world's oldest and greatest civilizations and has a rich, 5000-year-old history is China. The Chinese culture can be traced back to an assortment of small, early tribes that grew to become modern-day China (Chafilwa, 2012). According to Ahmed (2015), after the Han dynasty's disorganized and divided reign came to an end, the country experienced a period of preeminence beginning from 589 C.E. From 589 to 1279… Continue Reading...

Patriarchs and Dysfunctional Families in the Bible

Even though it would not be for many centuries, the evolution of islam clarified the sharp differences between the matriarchal model exemplified by Sarah's seemingly miraculous mothering of Isaac and the patriarchal model denoted by Hagar's carrying Ishmael, the symbolic patriarch of what would later become islam. Jealousy and other petty, negative human emotions are almost celebrated in the Biblical narrative. The "traditioning" of family dysfunction also becomes a tacit approval of selfishness and deceit; the casting out of Hagar and the celebration of Sarah as the only "legitimate" wife of patriarch Abraham speaks volumes as to a mythical… Continue Reading...

Logical Model for Counterterrorism in Africa

Boko-Haram In order to effectively neutralize the Boko Haram in Nigeria, I suggest a combination of strategies including the use of military force combined with education and economic empowerment programs. The Nigerian authorities need to incorporate partnerships and conduct a host of operations mentioned above within the Boko Haram strongholds. This model describes the aims and contribution of the various stakeholders. The implementation of such a model, collectively, will enable the authorities to undermine the strengths of Boko Haram on economic, psychological and military front (Siollun, 2015). Although the military alone cannot stop the insurgency, it has a critical role… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

In the three regional organizations in Africa discussed here, it is important that these entities reaffirm their commitment in joining the war against crime and the fight against terrorist groups; which are an obstacle to the success of Africa's economies (Fulgence, 2015). There is a lot of work cut out for sub-Saharan African countries which are grappling with abject poverty. They have plenty of work to do to attain middle income status in their economies. The terms of economic cooperation vision would have been trained on food production to fight hunger among populations that are growing fast, reducing poverty levels… Continue Reading...

Orthodoxy Of Abrahamic Religions

a very high regard. Indeed, while Judaism and Christianity are indeed exclusionary in some instances, islam has been and remains much more so. Some of this is based on what is in print in the Koran and other instances are based on what has developed since. At the same time, there are some strands of islam that have made major overtures to coexist and love their fellow man and woman even if they are not Muslim (Murdock, D.M.). Along those same lines is Martin Luther. Martin Luther had his own issues with Abrahamic religions, the Catholic Church in particular.… Continue Reading...

Prophet’s Night Journey Ascension in Islamic Literature

God the Almighty bestowed on His Beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) a miracle -- al- Israa' wal- Mi'raj (the Night Journey & Ascension) -- in order that his honor be increased and that he be revealed one of His grand signs. God the Almighty says in the Holy Qur'an: "Holy is He Who carried His bondman by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque around which We have put blessings that We may show him Our grand signs; No doubt, He is the Hearing, the Seeing." [Qur'an. 17: 1] and: "By the lovely shining star Muhammad, when he descended… Continue Reading...

Working for International Peace

Mitigating Lawless African Acts Problem Definition and Intervention Description Boko Haram is a militant Islamist organization that it terrorizing large portions of Nigeria, since at least 2011 (Uhrmacher and Sheridan, 2106). Their methods are fairly typical of terrorists. These include suicide bombings, kidnappings, and attacks on everyday civilians. The crux of their methodology is that they are targeting civilians since they do not have the means to battle the largely Christian government via conventional warfare. Therefore, they have resorted to terrorist attacks to cause residents to flee and to attempt to gain territory in such a manner. The principle means… Continue Reading...

Persuasive Speech

Outline I.) Introduction a. Attention Getter: Think about the concerns tied to illegal immigration such as terrorism, lack of jobs, costs in terms of tax and how prevalent it is becoming in the present day. b. Relevance: Illegal immigration in the United States is the highest in the world compared to any other nation. c. In accordance to statistics, there were approximately 11.1 million illegal immigrants in the United States (Krogstad et al.) d. Credibility: I have done research on illegal immigration, its benefits and shortcomings from various secondary sources. e. Thesis: I am going to urge you to see… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

Spread of islam in Africa and Asia Along Trade Routes The islam religion spread in Asia and Africa mainly due to trade of such goods as spices, gold, as also due to slaves. The advantages of proximity with the greatly profitable and powerful traders of the islam religion triggered the conversions of merchants and rulers' into Muslims. islam spread slowly; it took centuries, but in most places where the conversion took place, people still hold on to the religion (Debrouse). This paper explores the… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Nigerian Terrorism

it with an Islamic state based on Sharia law. Boko Haram is inspired by international radical islam, and has taken root in northeastern Nigeria. Violence is integral to the Boko Haram methods. More than 3500 people have died so far directly due to Boko Haram. The Nigerian government has tried negotiations and offers of amnesty in exchange for peace, but mutual mistrust has stalled diplomacy. Both carrot and stick approaches have failed. Moreover, Boko Haram is relatively fragmented, and different cells have different approaches to the Nigerian government and different political philosophies. Ultimately, Boko Haram must be understood within… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

Turkey and islam Tensions have existed between Islamic powerbrokers and the state of Turkey since the state was founded. While islam was the state religion of modern Turkey's precursor, the Ottoman Empire, it was not long after the Republic of Turkey was founded that islam was removed as the state religion in favor of the secular approach of the country's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. But there have always been tensions between islam and the state since that point. Turkey's demographics -- split between… Continue Reading...

The Grand Chessboard Book Analysis

Summary of the Book As 21st century is drawing to an end, the United States has emerged as the sole superpower with no rival in the international system based on its superior economic and military powers. However, a critical issue still remains with reference to the U.S. global strategy and its exceptional position in the international system. Zbigniew Brzezinski has been able to address this issue in his path-breaking and an incisive book titled "The Grand Chessboard." (Brzezinski, 1998 p 1). Brzezinski analyzes the American provocative and bold geostrategic vision in the 21st century, and its supremacy on the Eurasian… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Nigeria and Boko Haram

Ending Terrorism in Africa: Diverging Approaches for Fighting Boko Haram Insurgency Boko Haram insurgency has been a plague to peace and prosperity in Nigeria. In recent years, the organization has become increasingly more violent and connected with transnational terrorist organizations. Boko Haram threatens to destabilize Nigeria, as the group has carried out attacks on Nigerian infrastructure in addition to high-profile events like the abduction of school children in 2014 (Blanchard, 2014). Although the roots of Boko Haram can be traced to global Islamic fundamentalism, in Nigeria there are a host of more salient political, social, and economic problems that have… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

The main purpose of this research study is to understand the psychology of decision-making and management of households with respect to Arab students living abroad. The study will take into consideration the impact of the difference in culture and also the influence of such culture in dealing with bank interest. The research model used in this study is the addition of a moderating variable. The data will be collected through questionnaires that will be designed, piloted, and distributed to the target population. Questionnaires will be designed in a way that can manage to gather accurate information on the aspects of… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

large -- at just 1% of the population, according to Pew Research, followers of islam make up a rather insignificant portion of American society.[footnoteRef:6] Yet they have become the extreme focus of American rhetoric, politics, security forces, and ideologues. One of the reasons for this is the oversimplification of 9/11 and the factors that both led to and arose from it. Instead of focusing on the geopolitical variables that led to and arose from 9/11, the mainstream media in America whipped up anti-islam furor -- showing clips of celebrating Muslims in the wake of 9/11 that were entirely unrelated… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

Identity and Identity Construction Identity is socially constructed, a process that begins at an early age. Child rearing practices at home and school and community socialization begin the process of identity construction (Rogoff, 2003). As the individual constructs his or her own identity, exogenous forces also shape that individual's identity such as reactions to the way a person's appearance. For visible minorities, belonging to closely-knit communities in small groups can greatly enhance the process of identity construction, particularly for minority youth (Bratt, 2015). This remains true throughout the young person's life, including the person's transition from adolescence into young adulthood.… Continue Reading...

Nigeria Boko Haram and African Terrorism

past, but also in terms of its conflicted present. Noting that radical islam is "not a new phenomenon in northern Nigeria," Agbiboa (2013b) claims that "Muslim fanatics" have capitalized on the systematic disenfranchisement and impoverishment in the north to radicalize young recruits. The author shows how deprivation theory can be applied to Boko Haram to provide alternative counterterrorism solutions. Anyadike, N.O. (2013). Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria; Causes and Solutions. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 4(5): Retrieved: http://rguild.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Boko-Haram-and-National-Security-Challenges-in-Nigeria-Causes.pdf This article is helpful for positioning Boko Haram in terms of globalized Islamic terrorism. The author shows… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

used to examine the diffusion of information, ideology, technology, and terrorist techniques throughout the region and within radical islam. It is also possible to examine the causal effects of radical insurgency on Boko Haram as a control group versus emerging terrorist groups in other countries, or alternatively to examine the differential effects of radical insurgency on various communities in Northern Nigeria. A quantitative, quasi-experimental design is the logical method to answer the research question related to causes and effects of Boko Haram in order to better inform public policy, which can itself be driven by diffusion of innovation process… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

they believe that the basic principles of UDHR are incompatible with islam. The objective of this document is to explore the incompatibility between islam and Human Rights. Statement of Problem The Islamic law has been identified as one of the multifaceted, complex and misunderstood law guiding the human conducts in the international systems. The Sharia law is complex because it is grossly over-generalized and understudied. Regretfully, the Islamic laws are often linked with a discriminatory and inhuman treatments having no respect for the human rights. The debate that remains unsolved is about whether Islamic law is compatible with the… Continue Reading...

Terrorist Group Leaders

Terrorist Group Leaders Tools and Techniques Used by Terrorist Group Leaders to Influence their Followers In his article, War, Psychology, and Time, Friedman (2007) shows how Osama bin Laden employed a psychological strategy in an attempt to create a massive Islamic empire in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The disintegration of the union provided an ideal opportunity for bin Laden to demonstrate to the world that America was actually weak and could be severely hurt. For bin Laden, the Muslim world "suffered from a psychology of defeat" following America's triumph over the Soviet Union and it… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

Taoism lack formal concepts of deities like those in Hinduism, islam, and Christianity but are nevertheless relatively indisputably considered religious traditions. • Moreover, Confucian writings are not typically referred to as "scripture," even though they have been utilized as one would utilize other sacred texts (p. 81). • Confucianism's founder is not ascribed any divinity or ability to perform miracles. • The author makes two main assertions: (1) that Confucianism is poorly understood, and (2) the definition of "religion" is too narrowly focused on issues like theism. • Confucianism can and should be considered a religion in spite of… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Syrian Refugee Crisis on Marketing Arena

Strategic management and marketing theory demonstrates that marketing activities are significantly affected by events in the external environment (Mullins & Walker, 2013). For instance, the PESTEL framework shows that business and marketing decisions must be made in consideration of political, economic, social, technological, environment, and legal factors. One event that is increasingly affecting marketing activities is the Syrian refugee crisis, which has resulted in the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees into Europe (Kleintop & Schwab, 2015). This text considers the implications of the Syrian refugee crisis on the marketing arena. Attention is particularly paid to the impact of… Continue Reading...

Greco Persian War

spread more. It was a weak Persia that submitted to the spread of islam, as opposed to the multi-religious strong Persia that could have resisted. The world today might look a little different if Persia had won, but it is ethnocentric for scholars to argue that Greek victory assured a positive result for civilization. All told, the Greek victory strengthened Greece as a more unified territory, and allowed for that culture to flourish. References Cartwright, M. (2016). Persian wars. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 5, 2017 from http://www.ancient.eu/Persian_Wars/ McCollum, D. (2017). The Greco-Persian wars: Causes, effects and events. Study.com.… Continue Reading...

New Testament and Christianity

religious teachings and beliefs, and its related general ideas especially held towards Christianity, islam, and Judaism. Q2 Inherent neglect of the traditional adjudications, adoption of new and modern ways of life and worship, abandonment of the key features of religious activities, the movement towards a more diversified culture amidst worship and traditions, among other issues affecting the manner in which the old evangelism is practiced in the modern times. Q3 The first time that the New Testament began to take the form it has today is after the ascension of Jesus Christ and the coming of new thematic teachings… Continue Reading...

Camden New Jersey and Corruption Exploitation

The authors describe the ways African-Americans have created solidarity through either Christianity or islam, either way using religion as a means of generating collective resources to rally against corruption and also as a means of remaining as psychologically and socially healthy as humanly possible within their devastating surrounds. One of the key elements related to wanton destruction, alienation, and exploitation is how the urban landscape of Camden has changed over the years. What was once a fairly wealthy town due to the presence of Campbell's soup and thriving shipyards now runs on two of shadiest businesses imaginable: illicit drugs… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

A number of studies have been done in recent years to explore the unique effects of a bicultural identity, how a bicultural identity is formed, and what forms a bicultural identity will take. Research integrates assimilation theories as well as social constructionism. The reasons for the emerging literature include improving psychological health and well-being, improving social and cultural health, and also reducing or eliminating racism and negative stereotyping. Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) point out "83% of Muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Church and State

official religion of the state, and the same applies to most Middle East and Arabic nations that have entrenched islam as the official state religions. Globally, there are nations that use Christian referenced and reference to God in their official communications. There are procedures in state related functions like ceremonies and parliamentary sessions among others that are always presided over by the Christian figureheads and repeated reference to God is made. Indeed, many nations and citizens prefer to put into positions of authority leaders who are Christians and God fearing as opposed to secular people. These bring the conclusion… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Firearms Legislation and Firearms-Related Violence in Europe This paper examines the relationship between firearms legislation and gun-related violence across countries and regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education,… Continue Reading...

Slp Module 3

B 2. [1/1] What is the official religion in Pakistan? A. Sikhism B. Hinduism C. Buddhism D. islam Answer: D 3. [1/1] The capital city of Pakistan is: A. Islamabad B. Lahore C. Delhi D. Karachi Answer: A 4. [0/0] In which year did Pakistan gain independence? A. 1945 B. 1947 C. 1953 D. 1938 Answer: B 5. [1/1] The official language of Pakistan is: A. Urdu B. English C. Arabic D. Hindi Answer: A 6. [0/0] Pakistan is a very hierarchical society. A. true B. false Answer: A 7. [1/1] What does 'Pakistan' mean? A. The land of the free B. Land of… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

Muslim faith view people different or that defect from islam to be only worth of death. The point that is foreseen by what happened in the time of Socrates and beyond has not changed all that much today. Sure, there are technologies and other things to consider that did not exist before such as medical-induced abortions and the like, but the ability to consider and ponder moral questions has not changed even if some people have different or more malleable moral codes than others (Biography). When it comes to whether we can condemn people that engage in what would… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

an ethnic group would be highly misleading because there are so many varieties of islam (it is akin to saying Christians or Jews are ethnicities -- it is simply not true). However, in America, the Muslim population is fragmented. Indeed, as Bakalian and Bozorgmehr (2005) show, 9/11 led to many Muslim Americans mobilizing in the face of bias and anti-Muslim immigration laws. Prior to 9/11 Muslim American communities had been targeted by authorities -- especially in the 1960s and 1970s when Muslim American leader like Malcolm X was assassinated, followed later by the assassination of Black Panther leader Fred… Continue Reading...

Virginity Definition and Differences in Cultures

The textbook definition of virginity presumes a guy is no longer a virgin once he has inserted his penis into a woman\'s vagina and ejaculates or a woman is no longer a virgin once they have taken a man\'s penis inside their vagina, which results in the breaking of the hymen (Bearman & Brückner, 2015). This definition is flawed in that it presumes that we live in a perfect society where sex only takes place between men and women. However, we have lesbians and gays and the also have sex, which means that they would be virgins even if they… Continue Reading...

Iraq: the Cradle Of Civilization Video Reaction

forward to unless something changes dramatically. As easy as it may be to blame islam or religion in general, Wood makes it clear that it is abuse of power, not religion, that is the real problem. Religion gives social cohesion and psychological solace for many people around the world, and Wood does a good job of reminding viewers of the importance of islam to many regions of the globe and their people. Overall, this is a balanced and instructive documentary. Heartbreaking to know that travelers cannot simply hop on a plane to visit these marvelous ruins, it is still… Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

Introduction Trade and imperialism brought all the societies of the Near East into contact with one another during the Axial Age so that networks were established and goods and services flowed from society to the other. These networks also facilitated the dispersal of ideas, both religious and philosophical. By the end of the Axial Age, the foundations of Western thought had been laid by the classical philosophers in Greece: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle—and their ideas rooted in the observance of Transcendentals, or ideals, that individuals pursued through the cultivation of good or virtuous habits in their daily lives, spread to… Continue Reading...

Bin Laden Al Qaeda Financing Crime

R.T. Naylor has a unique, and some might say even rogue, interpretation of bin Laden and al Qaeda. While Naylor spends the entire Wages of Crime focusing on the flows of black market and blood money, he does so within a morally relativist framework. Chapter Seven of Wages of Crime is an addendum, new to the most recent edition of the book that was originally published prior to September 11. Responding to the pressing push to apply the economist’s approach to terrorist financing, Naylor understandably adds this chapter as part of his ongoing narrative on the wages of crime. Given… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

human as subjects (Shahraz, 2002). In’s scientific accomplishments go a long way back. Before the arrival of islam, it had been a leader in astronomy and mathematics. Nevertheless, like most of Middle East, its scientific supremacy deteriorated when the Renaissance era started in Europe during the fourteenth century. In the next few centuries, Iran grew gradually and also was not able to grasp its full scientific capacity (Saniei & De Vries, 2008). It's currently beginning to invest substantially in science, and significant developments are actually taking place in ESC exploration with the total support of the authorities. In 2002, Ayatollah… Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

an interfaith discussion that explored the similarities among the various religions—from Judaism to islam, Hinduism and Christianity. While a march like this is helpful in raising awareness of diversity and how people from various cultures share common traits, beliefs, and principles, I think that real diversity is not necessarily recognizing what makes us the same but rather accepting and respecting that which makes us different. Thus, to highlight the similarities among various religions can come across as a superficial and misleading approach to diversity, since it is an attempt to homogenize that which is actually and quite starkly different.… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

The Trump Era travel ban has ruffled a lot of feathers. People suggest the travel ban goes against the rights of U.S. citizens, residents, and people on visa. President Donald Trump’s actions has led to fierce criticism on both the Republic and Democratic sides as well as bring about legal challenges. Many Americans agree that the temporary banning of refugees and immigration from specific countries is wrong. They agree because they feel it is not necessary in guaranteeing the safety of the United States. While the travel ban allows some Americans to feel safe during an age where terrorism dominates,… Continue Reading...

Universal Religions and the History Of the World

cultures, ethnicities, backgrounds, and belief systems. Unlike the localized faiths, universal religions attracted new converts. Christianity, islam, and Buddhism were the three most important universal religions. Each of these universal religions shaped world history, and particularly the politics and societies of Afro-Eurasia at the end of the ancient world. Christianity, islam, and Buddhism spread far from their places of origin, albeit in different ways. Unlike the ancient religion of Hinduism (or the Vedic traditions), Buddhism became a universal religion. Buddhism originated in India, but spread throughout the rest of Asia. Although at one point, Indian Emperor Ashoka adopted Buddhism… Continue Reading...

Israeli-palestinian Conflict

do not govern according to sharia are committing apostasy from islam. Prior to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the conflict in Palestine was one of the stated motivations for attacks, and certainly it was for al-Qaeda, as anti-Israel sentiment forms the basis of al-Qaeda's ideology. Bin Laden (2002) published his letter in which he detailed what drove him and al-Qaeda to the 9/11 attacks. While there are other areas, his primary statements are about the conflict in Palestine. His logic rests on the claim that the Jews did not historically live in Palestine, but rather "If the followers… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

away before him.”[footnoteRef:2] However, Muhammad’s nature is unlike that of other men, for he is recognized in islam as having the “most perfect nature” and as being “like a jewel among stones.”[footnoteRef:3] Similarly to the way in which Christ is beloved of the Father in Christianity, Muhammad is “the beloved of God (habib Allah), whom the Quran calls an excellent model (uswah hasanah) to emulate.”[footnoteRef:4] Another distinction that can be made is that the religion that was revealed through the Prophet is islam—not Muhammadanism.[footnoteRef:5] Though Western writers have employed the moniker to describe islam, for the followers of islamContinue Reading...

Colonial Conflict in Africa

Colonial Authorities in Africa and Their Attempts to Curb Leisure Activities through the Law: The Conflict between African Identity and British Rule The British colonial administrators in Africa viewed Africans like “children” in need of training in terms of how to be more masculine ala the Western tradition: for that reason, Oliver Bell, president of the British Film Institute, wrote “the native must be treated as we treat a ten-year-old white child, i.e….he must be shown films of action of the Western type” (Burns, 2002, p. 103). While it was true that Africans enjoyed cowboy films, in the years that… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practice Changes

origin. Religion was a major historical influence on the development of the nursing profession. Christianity in the West and islam in the Middle East helped to spread the practice of nursing (Jan, 1996; Kourkouta, 1998). In the modern era, however, nursing shifted into more of a secular practice and in the West, Florence Nightingale served as the model nurse for the modern era. As the nursing practice developed in the West with more and more focus on institutionalized education, standards, and accreditation being implemented into the teaching of curriculum, nursing took on a more pronounced dimension. In particularly, advanced practice… Continue Reading...

Black Lives Matter Essay

Topics: What is the Black Lives Matter Movement and why is it important? Is the Black Lives Matter Movement doing more harm than good? What is the purpose of the Black Lives Matter Movement? Who founded the Black Lives Movement? Titles: The Troubled State of Race Relations in America:  The Rise of the Black Lives Movement The Impact of the Black Lives Movement on the Discourse over Race Relations in the U.S. How a Grassroots Idea became an International Movement through Social Media The Purpose and Future of the Black Lives Matter Movement[h1] Abstract:[h2] Established in 2012 following the high-profile… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

is radical Islamic terrorism?  How does it differ from the islam practiced by the majority of Muslims?  Does the religion, itself, promote violence, or is terrorism a corruption of the religion. Afghanistan and Russia- How did Russian involvement in Afghanistan help bring about a modern era of terrorism?  While the mujahedeen fought with the United States in Afghanistan to repel Russian forces, they have since become radicalized against the Western world.  What are the roots of this radicalization and can the schism ever be bridged? Domestic Violence and Domestic Terrorism- While the media is quick to focus on the… Continue Reading...

European Muslims in Germany in the Postwar Period

for both Germany and the Islamic workers, there were still intensive integrations issues often connected to the friction between islam and Christianity, and general German intolerance to foreigners. Turks soon found that there were massive social issues that undermined their successful integration. While East Germans were readily embraced into West Germany, Turks were not as fortunate. “Scores of opinion polls, hundreds of anti-Turkish hate crimes, and the ubiquity of vicious ‘Turkish jokes’ all testify to the extreme public opposition that most Gastarbeiter have faced in the Federal Republic” (Fetzer 70). Germany had long established itself as a nation that… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

have proclaimed that their actions are taken in the name of islam, it is important to understand that their take on the concept of jihad is a radicalized version of the religion that differs, significantly, from what the average Muslim believes.  For the average Muslim, Jihad is not a violent concept and does not incorporate terrorism, and the Koran specifically prohibits almost all calls for violent Jihad.  In addition, islam is an Abrahamic religion like Christianity and Judaism, and the Koran requires Muslims to respect Christians and Jews.  Radicalized Muslims, like radicalized members of other faiths, reject those concepts… Continue Reading...

Niger Sudan and the Issue Of Slavery

(Bederman, 2013). Who are these people? Many of them are Christians—“taken north and forced to convert to islam or die,” their faces branded to mark them as the property of another (Bederman, 2013). The cruelty of slavery and the barbarity of this practice are recounted by people like Deng who have survived their ordeal, made it to the West, and told their stories in hopes of making a difference. Truly a difference can be made—but it requires a united effort on all fronts in order to stop this menace from spreading once more throughout Africa and, indeed, the rest… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

In order to understand the position of women in Iran as far as their roles, rights and empowerment is concerned, it is significant to understand the wider picture of the prevailing condition in the Middle East and the contrast that there is in the West. These two represent different polarities in the context of culture, perspective on women, roles assigned, rights granted and the positions that women hold in these two societies. There is a still not an in depth understanding of the lives of women in the Middle East and the roles that they are meant to play. In… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

instrumental when it came to interpreting Muhammad’s will and many of the teachings of islam as a whole, after his death (Ujayli, 18). She was a consultant in all matter religious and over 2,00 hadith are given credit to her (Ahmed, 73). Aisha is someone who stands out in the literature of this culture, as she is someone who viewed as a truth teller, and a woman of great expertise in all aspects of inheritance, law, literature, history and genealogy (Ujayli, 19). This honor, importance, wisdom and reverence given to Aisha in an early and classic Middle eastern text… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

Article Review Area: Organizational Psychology Source Jam, F. F., Sheikh, A. R., Iqbal, H., Zaidi, B. H., Anis, Y., & Muzaffar, M. (2011). Combined effects of perception of politics and political skill on employee job outcomes. African Journal of Business Management, 5(23), 9896-9904. Retrieved from http://academicjournals.org/article/article1380363658_Jam%20et%20al.pdf Introduction This review will critically assess the aforementioned paper with regard to subject introduction, intellectual plot, methodology, discussion and outcomes. Further, the article will be summarized followed by an analysis of its structure. This paper attempted to examine the link of POP (perception of politics) with job outcomes, facilitated by political abilities, in companies… Continue Reading...

Religion As a Source Of Conflict and Purpose

Religion, in whichever form of it, has over the centuries been upheld by various groups as the ultimate guide to good living, harmonious coexistence and the sole source of spiritual nourishment. Virtually all religions uphold their beliefs as the truest path to a purpose driven life and a fulfilling existence on earth and even beyond. The religious writing have situations, case scenarios and story of individuals that are geared towards teaching the readers the purpose for which they are alive and how to overcome various challenges like the religious sages did in the various writings from varying religions. Being that… Continue Reading...

Syria’s Civil War and the Refugee Crisis

However, many of the nations that have taken in Syrian refugees are often inhospitable to those who practice islam. Islamophobia is something that is pervasive around the world and that contributes to the refugees inability to adapt, and a pervasive feeling of a vanishing identity. Islamophobia is nothing to underestimate and it acts as a real obstacle in the ability of refugees to both heal and to process the reality of their situations. Given that so many countries all over the world are intimidated by islam or have hostile reactions to Muslims, refugees from Syria are in a position… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshis Cultural Practices and Traditions

is punctuated and characterized by sounds and symbols of islam like the call to prayer. The traditional garment for Bangladeshi men is a cloth tube skirt hanging to the ankles, which is known as lungi. On the contrary, the traditional garment for women is sari, which is common in the modern Bangladeshi society. Similarly, lungi is preferred by most men, except those from high socioeconomic backgrounds or status who prefer to wear pants and shirt. Additionally, the Bangladeshi culture is characterized by strong tradition of dance, music, and literature that incorporates classical Muslim and Hindu music. Class system and… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh Refugee Influx from Rohingya

Rohingya Refugee Crisis Rakhine state is historically known to be the home of Muslim population who in a large part identify as Rohinya. They have suffered legal and social discrimination and they have had historical long-standing tensions with the Buddhist Rakhine community. The violence, occasioned by inter-ethnic clashes, that was experienced in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since the August of 2017 has seen exponential number of refugees flee into Bangladesh, thereby getting exposed to terrible suffering and squalid living conditions in the refugee camps. According to the UN CERF, (2018), there were an estimated 1.2 million refugees hosted in Bangladesh which… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshi Culture in Both Pre and Post Partition

Bangladeshi Culture Prior to the year 1947, the region that now makes up the People’s Republic of Bangladesh came under the eastern portion of Bengal – one of the provinces of British India. Owing to its river boundaries and fringe location, this region was largely culturally and politically set apart from the remaining parts of India across numerous eras of the nation’s history. With the dawn of Islamic rule in the subcontinent during the 12th century, under the Turco-Afghans, a large Muslim pocket was created in the Bengal region. In the year 1576, Bengal became a part of the vast… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh and Its Connection to the World

The former’s major religion is Hinduism while the latter’s is islam. All through the course of history, cultural concepts and particular facets’ identifications as ‘tradition’ contributed significantly to constructing identity notions within the region, where a mingling of multiple cultures may be seen to this day (Selim, 2014). By highlighting the nation’s political developments historically, Bangladesh’s Muslim nationalism is revealed to be an alternative approach to the prior nationalism-secularism of Bengal (Hossain, 2012). Cultural aspects Identity – The nation’s culture, a product of centuries of amassing elements from Hinduism, Buddhism, islam and Jainism, revolves symbolically around its 1971 independence struggle… Continue Reading...

Two Natures in Christ

(1964) makes the case the Arian heresy helped lead to the development of islam, which viewed Christ only as a prophet and not as divine. In other words, the Church was conscious of the idea that by separating Christ’s divinity from His humanity would cause some to view him as man only, which is what Meyendorff (1964) says islam did. Thus, the Council of Nicaea affirmed the two natures of Christ. The Council of Constantinople affirmed the Trinity. The Council of Ephesus affirmed the Christokos, and the Council of Chalcedon affirmed the hypostatic union. By affirming the single personhood… Continue Reading...

Organizations That Mandate Knowledge Based Healthcare

providers. Knowledge based healthcare creates “communities of practice” that have revolutionized service delivery nationwide (Bordoloi & islam, 2012, p. 112). With the mandate for knowledge-based healthcare, organizations are better equipped to manage their resources effectively and to provide much-needed services to remote and underserved communities in rural areas, or to underserved populations like the poor and uninsured. Professional organizations keep tabs on the quality of service through the processes of licensing and credentialing, ensuring that core competencies are consistently met and maintained. Public health organizations conduct ongoing research on epidemiology, to track disease proliferation, geographic dispersal, and responses to… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

and power on bureaucratic authoritarianism, and also on fusing the power of religion and politics. The bastion of Sunni islam, the Ottoman Empire colonized regions far beyond what are now the borders of the modern nation-state of Turkey. Moreover, the Ottoman Empire encompassed a wide range of linguistically and ethnically diverse people, capitalizing on access to global trade routes to bolster power and influence in and beyond Eurasia. The use of military might, of economic influence, and also of religious and cultural tools for social control and hegemony all characterized the Ottoman Empire in its heyday. At the beginning… Continue Reading...

Sociology Feminism and the Symbolism Of the Hejab

Problem, Puzzle, Research Questions The author critically examines all types of social controls on women, but focuses on laws related to the hejab in Iran. Neghibi (1999) claims that the Shah’s law that forbade the hejab and the Ayatollah’s mandatory hejab law had an ironically similar overall effect of controlling women’s bodies through a patriarchal state. The main difference is that the former aligned national identities in Iran with Western norms, and the Ayatollah/revolutionary approach created a national identity based on anti-Western and fundamentalist Muslim norms. Theories and Concepts The author works within several related theoretical frameworks: namely feminism, post-colonialism,… Continue Reading...

Emirates Airlines Pestle and Swot Analysis

Introduction A strategy is defined as a plan of action intended to accomplish a specific goal. Strategy encompasses attaining or at least attempting to attain to gain, a competitive advantage over rivals. According to Porter (1996), differentiation takes into account being different in the choice of a dissimilar mix of activities to provide a product or service. Furthermore, a strategy is a decision which will make a significant difference to the longstanding performance of an organization. Emirates Airlines is one of the major airlines not only in the Middle East but also across the world and its center of operations… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

groups would be used to address the problems in a community experiencing anti-Semitism or anti- islam behaviors (Dalton, Elias & Wandersman, 2012). Ultimately, the goal of community psychology will be to affect social change. The nature of that change could be the tangible reduction in incidences of bullying or oppression, to promote gender equity, or to increase overall civic pride. Of course, community psychologists also address mental health issues like depression or substance abuse as they are manifestations of community-level problems. Helping individuals and communities simultaneously, a community psychologist can have a profound and meaningful effect on transforming social norms,… Continue Reading...

Colonial Scripts Reciting Colonialism Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized

not held hostage by traditions that get in the way of self-determination. Further, religion (i.e. islam) is founded on some basic democratic ideals that do not complicate self-determination. On that basis, we could speculate that the problem lies with the current regimes and globalization realities. 4. Empirical Evidence There is sufficient empirical evidence presented systematically in support of the viewpoints of the author, i.e. the region’s colonial history. 5. Structure (broader/surrounding economic/political/social factors that shape people's behaviors and decisions.)>>Interactions(How actors deal with structures)>>Actors(Individual or Groups) The peoples of the Middle East experienced severe oppression from colonial administrators. Although liberation… Continue Reading...

Comparing Nations Civil Order Control

Civil Order Control Civil order control has become a necessary aspect of modern day law enforcement. Inherent in civil order control, however, are a number of problems that have to be addressed in order for it to be effectively implemented, such as societal attitudes, law enforcement norms, and so on. As Roberson and Das (2015) point, in civil order control “there is often a strong political component to the activities being controlled” (p. 72). The reason for this is that whenever a situation occurs that is a threat to civil order, it is basically a threat to the government of… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

Contributions of Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System Brief Biography Born on 25th November, 1867 in Cairo’s El- Gammalia, Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb is considered one among the greatest personalities who contributed to Egypt’s overall national growth and development. He studied art, science, economics, literature, and French. After acquiring a law degree, he commenced his career in the role of translator in the Royal Circuits’ Lawsuits Section, responsible for state- owned farmland. Though favoring free enterprise, he was quick to climb the rungs of the career ladder, landing the position of lawsuits section manager (53-75)3.… Continue Reading...

The Islamic State Vice News

Problem/Puzzle The Islamic State has garnered support with surprising speed, perplexing policy analysts, sociologists, and military strategists alike. Main Argument As investigative journalism, The Islamic State does not necessarily have a central argument as much as a mission to expose the realities of life within the Islamic State. The journalists do want viewers to understand what draws people to support the jihadist movement. Theories & Concepts Islamic State interpretations of Sharia law are one issue discussed in the documentary. Jihadism is of course another concept addressed throughout the documentary. Empirical Evidence As documentary evidence itself, The Islamic State is a… Continue Reading...

Do We Need Globalization

of so much interconnectedness among diverse populations was bound to become an issue. As Masoom, Abdula and islam (2016) point out, the problem extends beyond the mere agency of language; it goes on to include the issue of how to define social values, which are important for many nations and states around the world but which may differ in the global context. For instance, what is deemed a social value in the West may be deemed a social problem in the East (i.e., in China or the Philippines or in the Middle East). The rise of global communication has… Continue Reading...

Radiation Control with Types and Effects

Radiation Radiation can be described as energy that is in the form of streams or waves of particles. Numerous types of radiation surround us. When most individuals hear the term radiation, the thing that comes to their mind is nuclear power, radioactivity, and atomic energy. Radiation, however, has several other forms. Visible light and sound are some familiar kinds of radiation. Other kinds of radiation include television and radio signals, infrared radiation (some type of heat energy), and ultraviolet radiation (responsible for suntans). The earth together with occupants are always subjected to radiation produced by the sun, stars as well… Continue Reading...

America's Anti Immigrant Orders and Its Implications

United States of America Anti-Immigrant Orders In the recent times, the public has been regularly discussing about The United States immigration law. This law which is meant to rule over the movement of immigrants into a country that only belongs to God has been put in the public eye, as a result of the amendments which have been added to it especially after the current administration of Donald Trump was incepted. In a period of less than two years into Donald Trump’s term, immigration has been highly limited with some people being permanently banned from migrating into the country. This… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality in Arabia

are all predominantly Muslim. Traditional gender roles (and stereotypes) largely exist in islam and in countries which adhere to this faith as their national religion. Women are supposed to remain covered up in their raiment and relegated to domestic roles. The problem is that women account for approximately 50 percent of the population in the GCC countries, yet only constitute approximately 25 percent of the labor force in those countries (World Bank). Therefore, these countries are disadvantageously affected in certain aspects of economics and society because of the lack of female contributions in both of these areas. Literature Support… Continue Reading...

Trump Versus Hawaii

involved. The law affects immigrants from all nations of islam. The need to get the law right on this one is still in contention since various factions argue to differ. The law states clearly that America is land of the free but again, the law dictates that the government is mandated by the constitution to help the citizens preserve their security and be able to stay safe. The Trump vs Hawaii law of 2018 clearly has contentions. In terms of culture, the Muslims are affected since their rights to religion is monitored and certain practices banned in the United… Continue Reading...

Jerusalem Dome Of Rock

the place where Mohammed started his night journey up to heaven ( islam, Al-Hamad). Because Jews and Muslims have two very different religions with different orientations, creeds, forms of worship and perspectives on God, the fact that both have holy places in the same spot has been a source of tension over the years. Added to this tension is that fact that Israel was founded as a state in 1948 in the Palestinian territory that had been occupied by the British. The British pledged to give the Zionists their own Jewish state with the Balfour Declaration in 1917. Since then,… Continue Reading...