Law Enforcement Essays


Police Brutality Essay

  Topics Police Brutality and Race Police Violence and African Americans When Does the Use of Force Become Police Brutality? Police Brutality and the Black Lives Matter Movement Police Brutality and the Blue Lives Matter Movement Titles The Use of Violence: Is there a Limit to the Amount of Force Police Officers Should Use on a Suspect? Why “Just Comply” Is Not the Answer to Police Brutality Are Minorities the Victims of Higher Rates of Police Violence? Police Brutality: Is there a War on Cops or a War by Cops? Outline I.  Introduction – Definition II.  Body A.  Definition B. Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

family, colleagues and pals of the abuser, and mental health or law enforcement personnel who have remained in touch with the perpetrator. Try to confirm important facts' accuracy: Forensic evaluations must entail collateral information gathering for gauging source credibility, reconciling conflicting facts, and ascertaining whether or not adequate information exists for making valid decisions. Written or verbal reports need to incorporate concerns regarding information validity (Agar, n.d.). Existence of critical factors: Assessors may identify specific risk factors as having particular significance in a given case. The summary form needs to record such critical items. This will suggest the factor… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

balances established in America's democracy. The federal government would have taken less drastic measures through reordering priorities of law enforcement instead of generating fundamental changes in law. Week 5: Discussion In the American judicial system, the Supreme Court reviews very few cases most of whom are appeals from lower courts. It should not be mandatory for the Supreme Court to review more cases despite having appellate jurisdiction. The best legal standard to determine whether the Supreme Court should review a case includes the national significance of the case, its precedential value, and the need to create harmony between conflicting… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

countries in the fight in question. The role of law enforcement agencies in countering terrorism will also be in the focus of this paper (Stump & Dixit, 2012). The study also seeks to identify the most effective approach that African countries should employ in order to succeed in individually and collectively fighting terrorism. Justification for Qualitative Study Qualitative analysis involves analyzing data collected from such sources as interviews or transcripts by the researcher who is analytic and has personal knowledge of the context of the source of the data. The central guiding driver of qualitative analysis is making sense… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

case is called arraignment. Arraignment must be done within reasonable time after the arrest action by authorities. Thus, law enforcement agents must ensure a speedy arraignment in order to avoid falling prey to the crime of infringing on the suspects right to speedy trial according to the 6th Amendment. The defendant is told formally, in advance, of the day of their arrangement and the charges they are to face. The court safeguards the defendant's rights. Some of such rights include the right to remain silent, the right to a jury trial, a right that prevents them from being prosecuted… Continue Reading...

Exclusionary Rule in Terry Vs Ohio

flying. The Terry frisk initiated a snowball effect of more and more leeway on the part of law enforcement and security personnel to be able to detain persons, search them and their belongings, and seize items that may be constituted a threat. What Terry v. Ohio allowed the Court to do was to reinterpret the meaning of the "exclusionary rule" as pertaining to the Fourth Amendment's guarantee to citizens against unlawful searches and seizures (Maclin, 2014). The exclusionary rule asserted that any evidence gathered by way of a violating the individual's rights against unlawful searches could not be used… Continue Reading...

Police Recruitment

That is the threshold age. He possesses impressive theoretical knowledge of law enforcement. Such a quality does not translate to experience but it is a channel for the introduction of new ideas, methods and techniques to the force. He has worked in a responsible position in his family farm; a responsibility that suggests that he was assigned such a role to protect what is important. Although Raymond's run-time is not impressive, he can improve on it. No.3: Reid Jennifer L. This applicant is highly interesting and promising too. She is ranked 3 only because she is 23 years. If… Continue Reading...

Katz Vs United States

recording of the telephonic conversations of the petitioner (i.e., Katz) ended in a law enforcement search and capture as part of Amendment IV; without any search warrants founded on adequate probable cause, no procured evidence may be regarded as admissible (Samaha, 2011). According to J. Black, the practice of eavesdropping was one carried out from centuries, and the Constitutional Framers were well aware of it and how it violated people's privacy, when drafting the Constitution of the U.S. If they had any desire to forbid such activity as part of the Constitutional Amendment IV, they would've taken care to… Continue Reading...

Police Vehicle Pursuits

Police Pursuit The law enforcement system's need of pursuing suspected lawbreakers has, perhaps, existed ever since the very first laws to tackle crime have been written. Right from the era of human traveling on foot to horse-riding to today's motorized transport, it is highly evident that police pursuits may be highly dangerous. The year 2003 witnessed approximately 35,000 pursuits of criminals across America, with 14,000 (i.e. almost 40% of these pursuits) ending in car crashes. No less than 50% of these 14,000 crashes gave rise to injuries. Furthermore, fatalities linked to… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Probation

I wish to pursue a career in the juvenile probation area of law enforcement, as a juvenile probation officer. Mcmahon (2016) defines 'juvenile probation' as a type of juvenile sentence wherein a juvenile lawbreaker is allowed to reside within his/her communities, instead of being sent to a new home or to prison. Numerous reasons may be cited as to why juvenile lawbreakers are allowed such leniency. It is up to the court to decide whether any juvenile offender is entitled to probation or not, as well as the probation terms. Probation as a whole, forms a… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

not. People make decisions based on a complex of biases and assumptions. From law enforcement to juries, individuals that take part in the criminal justice system are not robots and their decisions are not always just or ethical. The criminal justice system cannot use this as an excuse to continue functioning as is, without making requisite changes that can reduce if not eliminate bias. One step that can be taken would be to nationalize and professionalize law enforcement training. Another step would be to ensure that equitable legal counsel is truly available to all persons, because the public defender… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

to its original approach, attempting at maximum invisibility, according to research scholars and law enforcement personnel. For example, the Genovese household, traditionally recognized as the biggest, most secretive and strongest crime family, currently probably utilizes a rotating leadership panel for its everyday operations, for preventing specific boss from becoming the targets of prosecutors. Meanwhile, other big crime families apply the "street boss" approach, in which lesser-known gangsters execute the commands of incarcerated heads. Further, the current crime families have been known to be less territorial as well as more amenable to collaborating with others in the field as compared… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

apartment. She referred to this nearby residence as "our apartment" and led these law enforcement officers to it and opened the door with her key. After police officers entered, she agreed to a search of the residence though these officers did not have a search warrant. Through the search, police officers found drug paraphernalia and containers that contained white powder, which was later proven to be cocaine. Consequently, these officers seized the drugs and the paraphernalia, arrested Rodriguez, and later charged him with possession of a controlled substance with intention to deliver. During trial at the Cook County Circuit… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

public trust in the institution of the law and the system of law enforcement. Those effects are palpable not only at the community level but also at the individual level of perceptions of police, as one study shows a substantial number of Americans have evolved contempt for law enforcement, suspicion of law enforcement, or "perceive law enforcement as agents of brutality," (Chaney and Robertson 480). Community policing models cannot take root or hope to mitigate or reverse the effects of these results unless there is a nationwide policy change to law enforcement organizational culture and training. Fatalities at the… Continue Reading...

Medical Marijuana Growing in Butte County

completely for less hostile parts of California.10 Damian Martin also identifies issues between local law enforcement agents and medicinal marijuana growers, such as Patrick Kevin Kelly, whose home was raided like Diane Monson’s.11  Thus, when it comes to zoning issues, Butte County has essentially ordered it that all dispensaries are in violation of zoning ordinances.  However, private growers, growing marijuana as per doctor’s recommendations have also come into conflict with law enforcement, indicating that there is no clear sense of where legality and criminality cross over.  law enforcement agents in Butte County have indicated in their actions and surveillance that… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

commitment to community mental health prevention would ultimately help to reduce the stress placed on law enforcement as well as correctional officers. References Armstrong, T. (2005). Evaluating the competing assumptions of Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) A General Theory of Crime and psychological explanations of aggression. Western Criminology Review 6(1): 12-21. Boothby, J.L. & Clements, C.B. (2000). A national survey of correctional psychologists. Criminal Justice and Behavior 27(6): 716-732. Entorf, H. (2013). Criminal victims, victimized criminals, or both? Retrieved online: http://ftp.iza.org/dp7686.pdf Magaletta, P.R., et al. (2016). Correctional settings. APA handbook of clinical psychology: Roots and branches, Vol. 1, (pp. 539-549).… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

any way that that there would be a dent in law enforcement by the rule delivered on that day. He pointed out that the need for order and peace was too insistent to allow that to happen. However, he noted that such enforcement would be made harder (Samaha, 2012). The Self-Incrimination Approach In 1966, the court suddenly dropped the right to counsel approach to custodial interrogation by the police. In the Miranda vs. Arizona case in 1966, in a 5 to 4 decision, he court relied on the self-incrimination provision in the Fifth Amendment. The self-incrimination and right to… Continue Reading...

Terry Vs Ohio

People of the State of Ohio and John W. Terry Facts Martin Mcfadden, a law enforcement official, saw the complainant engaged in a long, serious conversation with a second man, on a quiet street corner whilst constantly pacing along the street and looking into one of the shops there, from time to time. They were subsequently approached by a third individual who conversed with them before leading them along the street. From the looks of it, the official surmised that the three men might be up to no good, and potentially planning a shop burglary. Hence, he decided upon grilling them,… Continue Reading...

Video Cameras and Public Safety

around major roads and highways. While some may see this as an invasion of privacy, those working in law enforcement know the advantages of having proof of traffic violations. Furthermore, video cameras may be used to potentially spot other kinds of crimes that can lead to breakthroughs in major criminal cases. Therefore, countries like England have added video cameras to airports, public areas, and intersections to promote safety in these areas through constant surveillance (The Telegraph, 2016). Still, video cameras can be costly to implement, maintain, and monitor. Citizens may also feel their privacy invaded without their consent. Is… Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

large amounts of ammunition magazines entitled Title XI, Subtitle A of violent crime control and law enforcement act of 1994. The law forbids a small group of weapons known by ban advocates to be specifically risky and attractive for the purposes of the criminals (Koper, Woods, & Roth, 2004). Owners, as expectedly, defy gun registration processes as it has led to seizure in the past. Also, extending the ban on individuals who do inter-state businesses of it is legally not allowed. It brings upon additional problems in management with no incremental advantage. Hence, this brings us back to the… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

coerced participation in pornography. Unfortunately, child pornography is a global industry and law enforcement often faces great difficulty tracking down the black market sources for child pornographic material, human traffickers, and other perpetrators. The sex trafficking on minors is a major global industry, integrated with organized crime, and recent research is emerging with alarming statistics revealing the extent of the problem with 5,544 reported cases in the United States alone in 2015 (Mcpherson, 2016). These are just the reported cases; it is likely that the majority of incidents have not yet been reported. Even worse, some children find that… Continue Reading...

Moral Issues with Internet Privacy

rather than the act (What Are the Moral Issues with Internet Privacy?). For example, no less than 2 key federal-level law enforcement organizations have hired Hacking Team: DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) since the year 2012, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation since the year 2011. The latter organization signed an over-seven-hundred-thousand-dollar contract with Hacking Team for its services. Meanwhile, the former apparently employed Hacking Team's software for pursuing Colombian targets (Schwartz). Internet privacy is also threatened by a 'creep factor' "whereby threats to privacy on the internet do not only come from criminals" (What Are the Moral Issues with Internet… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

order to effectively explore nuances of the issues that face the society with regards to law enforcement, criminal justice researchers tend to rely on empirical data, which is considered useful. The dependence on empirical data in criminal justice is evident in the fact that most of the existing criminology journals are quantitative as compared to qualitative studies (Jacques, 2014). Empirical research data is data obtained from direct and indirect observation of a complex social issue whereas anecdotal data is data obtained from someone else's observation or experience of an issue. In the criminal justice field, empirical research data is… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

This counterpoint reveals that there are certain circumstances in which law enforcement have taken active measures to determine the truth without the presupposition of guilt or the outcome of a jury trial. Finally, the paper deconstructs those specific circumstances prior to concluding they are largely inapplicable to the vast majority of interrogations relevant to the court cases examined within this document. Broad Discussion of the Literature in a Funnel Format False confessions do not occur infrequently within the criminal justice system. There are a variety of reasons explicating this reality, ranging the gamut in scope and focus. On the… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

everyday roles. In addition to other members of staff, they work with or alongside law enforcement officers and courts (Joyce, 2013). Correctional facilities are used to hold convicted individuals and those awaiting trial. These individuals may be involved in further deviance while still in custody or prison. They may coordinate criminal activities, be in possession of contraband objects, and/or assault fellow inmates and staff members. law enforcement personnel and courts can rely on this information to convict individuals awaiting trial. Without the assistance of correctional officers, investigations and prosecution may not be successful. Counsellors, educators, and the general public… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

and views and professional values. In this respect, all law enforcement leaders are required to refrain from unethical conduct when carrying out their duties. Ethicality is crucial, considering their job involves making life-altering decisions targeted at involved individuals (both victims and offenders). For instance, policemen who put legislation into force and work within societal settings are empowered to snatch away citizens' freedom, undertake investigations, issue tickets and engage in covert operations. Arbitrariness may arise if police officials, who are criminal justice agents, aren't bound by ethical rules. The end outcome may be abuse of justice or erroneous lawsuits filed… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on False Confessions

research because it shows not only that false confessions occur due to bad law enforcement procedures, but also that there is a widespread misperception of how pervasive the problem has become. Garrett, B.L. (2010). The substance of false confessions. Stanford Law Review 62(4): 1051-1118. This article examines the content of interrogations, including what was said by the interviewer and by the suspect. Garrett (2010) also shows how the text of the confession is used during key moments in the criminal justice procedure, leading to what the author calls "confession contamination," (p. 1051). Because the interviewers plant ideas in the… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

the subject, and am fascinated by the ways people behave under pressure from authority figures, particularly law enforcement. I am also interested in scenario three related to the psychological aspects of disaster preparedness, but am more interested and concerned with criminal justice generally. Therefore, I narrowed down my selection of the scenarios mainly because of personal interest and curiosity about the subject matter, which motivates my desire to conduct the research necessary to write a proposal and complete the report. Scenario Two described involving false confessions raises several points about the ethics of criminal justice, and how officers lie… Continue Reading...

United States Vs Jones

drugs. From information collected using a number of investigation methods, law enforcement officials were able to procure a warrant which authorized attaching a GPS tracker to Jones' wife's Jeep (which was never driven by anyone but Jones). However, the law enforcers didn't adhere to the deadline stipulated in the warrant and attached the tracker after the deadline lapsed, employing it for tracking the Jeep's movements (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary). The satellite-guided tracker established the Jeep's whereabouts within 50-100 feet, conveying it to a governmental computer via cell phone and transmitting over two thousand pages of… Continue Reading...

California Vs Greenwood

enforcement agencies to search trash. Indeed, the decision reached in the California versus Greenwood was celebrated by agencies for law enforcement. More detectives went on to look for evidence in this fashion. The California versus Greenwood case made by the Supreme Court was frequently used as a guide on searches of trash that did not require a warrant. The Supreme Court in North Carolina in State versus Hauser also held in 1976 that searching the garbage of a defendant did not violate the fourth Amendment although the garbage was collected from the defendant's backyard (Uviller). Since the trash was… Continue Reading...

Katz V United States

the Constitution demanded that objective judicial judgment stand between law enforcement officials and citizens. As searches carried out without proper judicial process can, as such, be deemed as unreasonable, the Court reversed the case. How it Will Influence Future Decisions of the Court Almost four decades later, the petitioner was able to find a more amenable audience at a high court. The 7-1 court majority reversed the Olmstead-period “trespass doctrine”. Justice Stewart wrote that Amendment IV defended citizens, not places; further, it wasn’t contingent on invading physical space (Iannacci, 2015). Additionally, the Court maintained that Amendment IV was applicable… Continue Reading...

Police Department Rewards for Defusing Violent Situations

police actions, and share videos with news organizations, this has become a negative for law enforcement. In response to these incidents, some police departments are offering rewards to officers that show restraint in the line of duty. This paper presents examples of those strategies by police departments. The Philadelphia & Los Angeles Police Departments In Philadelphia, the police department rewards officers for " . . . showing restraint in the line of duty, putting the tactic on par with bravery" (Associated Press 2016). In fact, more than 40 officers in the Philadelphia Police Department have been awarded for "defusing… Continue Reading...

Terry V Ohio Court Case

and circumstances of search. However, for stopping or keeping any citizen in custody, law enforcement officials need to have satisfactory suspicion (in other words, impartial, soundgrounds to believe the apprehended individual was potentially embroiled in some wrongdoing) (What’s the Difference Between an Arrest and a Detention? ). This differs from an all-out arrest involving handcuffs and publicly transporting the suspected individual to the police station. Officials are allowed to detain people using only probable cause or an official warrant. The defendant’s party made a move to suppress evidence. While the prosecution’s declaration that the weapons were confiscated in the… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

The complainant in the Mapp v. Ohio case, DollreeMapp, was detained following a law enforcement search of her house to find an outlaw she was supposedly giving refuge to. After a number of entry refusals by the complainant, Cleveland’s Police Department apparently forged a warrant to inspect her home and forced their way into it. While they couldn’t find any outlaw hidden there, they did stumble upon lascivious and lewd material (books, to be precise) in the house (Mapp V Ohio - Cases | Laws.com). This discovery led to Mapp’s detention, though she wasn’t charged. Nevertheless,… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

leadership may be appropriate in a technology organization, but may not be effective in a law enforcement organization. Equally, authoritarian leadership may work during normal periods, but may not work during periods of organizational change. In essence, situational leadership requires that leaders must be adaptive, flexible, and agile. The relevance of situational leadership within the context of military is immense. Military organizations exist in an ever more complex and ambiguous operational environment -- technological shifts, greater availability of information, increased downsizing, constantly changing security threats, increasingly complex battlefields, and so forth. These uncertainties mean that a single style of… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

On particular matters, the Justice backed distinct rules in favor of law enforcement (e.g., the unbiased test for justifying a stop). But with regard to defining fairness and searches, Scalia's formalism and originalism philosophies ensured he supported rules which frequently facilitated crime (Slattery, et.al, 2016). For instance, consider the subject of how a search is defined. Any object plainly visible to law enforcement officers already legitimately present at the site can be seized without warrants. While a number of justices were ready to expand this principle to cover and authorize a minor added police intrusion, Scalia wasn't. With regard… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

research phenomenon (Thomas, 2009). The relevance of quantitative research in the criminal justice field is wide ranging. From law enforcement to corrections, most policies have been informed by quantitative research, a clear indication of the usefulness of generalisation and causality in evaluating criminal justice data and interpreting published research data. There are obviously criminal justice questions that require quantitative techniques. The tenets of universality and causality will be useful in answering research questions in the field of criminal justice. Week 4 -- Discussion 2 Creswell (2014) identifies six important steps in analysing and interpreting data in quantitative research. These include:… Continue Reading...

Aurora Colorado Theater Shooting After Action Report

incident mitigation, multi-agency coordination, and challenges. Finally, lessons from the incident are provided. Initial Public Safety Response Local law enforcement agencies, in conjunction with the Fire Department and emergency services, are usually the first responders to major incidents such as shooting incidents (TriData Division, 2014). In the event of such incidents, quick and well-coordinated response is crucial for saving victims, arresting the perpetrator, as well as effective management of the crisis (Bjelopera et al., 2013). For first responders, however, responding to emergencies is often a challenging undertaking, in large part, due to the lack of complete information about the incident. Broadly… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of a Public Policy on an Individual

vis-a-vis his white neighbors because of several factors. One is that law enforcement officials in his and surrounding communities are more likely to stop and interrogate him versus his white peers. As second issue is that the individual was treated differently from his white counterparts in school. A third is that his parents had experienced discrimination and their experiences have had an influence on the individual's worldview and his belief in the possibility for change. Policy: The War on Drugs The War on Drugs has been described as "the most expensive and longest-running policy initiatives ever pursued by the… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

of legislation" (Sriramesh & Vercic, 2009, p. 99). Policing/Law One of three major components in the United States criminal justice system, law enforcement acts semi-independently from its two counterparts, courts, and corrections (Conser, Paynich, & Gingerich, 2013). law enforcement agencies in the United States operate at the federal, state, and county level. There are sheriffs at the county level, and federal and state police respectively (Conser, Paynich, & Gingerich, 2013). England operates in a similar manner with the centralizing force being the United Kingdom. Additionally, the Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories work with separate police forces that follow the British… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

rights and federalism regarding cannabis laws. However, the federal government has affirmed that it would defer to state law enforcement except in situations in which the drug is being transported for sale in another state (Baude, et al., 2014). In 2014, the House of Representatives voted to disallow DEA spending for raiding medical marijuana dispensaries in states where medical marijuana is legal (Adler, 2014). Republican lawmakers have gradually begun to show support for states' rights when it comes to cannabis. However, the new Canadian model shows that a federal decriminalization policy may be far better for public health and… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

of not harming each other, stealing from each other, disregarding the orders of law enforcement and so forth. Quite often, people that are unpleased will do their "speaking" via peaceful protests or in the ballot box when elections roll around. One dimension that has to be explicitly considered and pondered are the types of consent. Indeed, there has already been talk about explicit consent that is definitely and specifically given. There has also been talk about implicit consent which is in some ways presumed due to lack of resistance and recoil from the regulated people in question. However, there… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

is also why Bagby (2009) concludes the American mosque "should be viewed as a partner for American law enforcement in preventing the emergence of Muslim radicalism and home-grown terrorist groups. References Al-Romi, N.H. (2000). Muslims as a minority in the United States. International Journal of Educational Research 33(2000): 631-638. Bagby, I. (2009). The American mosque in transition. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 35(3): 472-490. Britto, P.R. & Amer, M. M. (2007). An Exploration of Cultural Identity Patterns and the Family Context among Arab Muslim Young Adults in America. Applied Development Science 11(3): 137-150. Elashi, F.B., Mills, C.M. &… Continue Reading...

Pop and Ilp Policing

crime. What was originally an American form of policing, now a global one among progressive law enforcement agencies (Braga, 2010). First created in 1979 by Herman Goldstein, the standard model of policing at the time did not facilitate the kind of effective effort needed to combat crime. Before the introduction of POP, policing was mainly incident driven and reactive. However, after POP, policing became more proactive at targeting and identifying problems that contribute to community issues like disorder and crime. The model was not fully implemented until Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment (SARA model) was created by Eck and… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

within the first three years of obtaining their driving license. As currently practiced in the United States, law enforcement agencies and personnel should ensure that young drivers cannot carry a specific number of peer passengers, particularly during certain periods of time such as at night or in the evening. In relation to speeding, the findings of the study can be utilized to demonstrate the dangers of speeding. Media and educational campaigns should be conducted to enhance awareness of dangers of speeding, especially among young drivers. During the campaigns, novice and young drivers should be sensitized on the value of… Continue Reading...

Leadership in the Public Sector

this sector, a broad range of agencies work together to ensure public safety. These include law enforcement agencies, courts, correctional institutions, emergency responders, as well as cabinet-level departments such as the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, State Department, and the Department of Justice. Leading in such an environment requires one to have outstanding communication skills. Effective delegation is also crucial in public sector leadership. Delegation essentially denotes conferring power and/or authority to a subordinate to accomplish a specific task. The public sector leader must ensure the task is delegated to the right person or team as… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Issues

responsibilities by themselves (Finkelhor, 2011). The criminal justice system responds to the victimization through law enforcement, arresting and prosecuting perpetrators, and encouraging reporting of such crimes. However, a holistic plan for offering restitution to child and elder abuse victims would help enhance effectiveness of the criminal justice system in dealing with the problem. A proposed restitution plan is for criminal justice professionals to ensure that perpetrators do not offer compensation for their crimes but instead pay for the kind of damages they cause on the child or senior adult. Week 5 -- Discussion 1 School and workplace victimizations are… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

and enforcing the law. Additionally, the administration of justice and law enforcement in the criminal justice system has involved prioritizing the safety of victims in order to help reduce crime victimization. This process has involved ensuring that criminals are punished for their crimes based on the law. While these approaches have helped in dealing with victimization, they are inadequate to resolve the increased vulnerabilities of individuals and groups to crime victimization. These approaches seemingly focus on protecting victims after the occurrence of a crime rather than before the crime is conducted. Therefore, a holistic approach for reducing victimization is… Continue Reading...

Statute Of Limitations on Rape

Not a Victim. Retrieved 9 May 2017, from https://asurvivornotavictim.com/1144-2/ RAINN. (2017). Reporting to law enforcement | RAINN. Rainn.org. Retrieved 9 May 2017, from https://www.rainn.org/articles/reporting-law-enforcement Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

subject of victimology over time. This article targets the scholars in the field of victimology, the law enforcement agents as well as the legal practitioners who can have inferences to the case scenarios and events highlighted by the article. The law enforcement agencies can use the article to enlighten them on previous cases of victimization and hence use such to effectively identify possible victims and institute efficient ways of protecting them. This report brings out significant definition and description of terms and concepts that are central in understanding the aspect of victimology. It gives timelines that define the evolution of… Continue Reading...

Police and Public Relations

their male counterparts? 4) How could more females be solicited into a career in law enforcement? 5) What are your own thoughts/feelings/ideas about the videos? Video Three: Police Department Voicemail (Note: Audio Only) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3eSySq2KFU0 1) Does this represent an accurate view of policing? 2) How does the perception of this affect police-community relations? 3) What are your own thoughts/feelings/ideas about the video?   Continue Reading...

Counter Terrorism Community Policing and Changes

September 11, local law enforcement like Javier's department became more responsible for participating in and ensuring homeland security. While the role of police in homeland security might seem natural or obvious, diverting the attention and resources of police towards the federal concerns of homeland security can have some detrimental outcomes. One of the most important changes Javier noticed was the breakdown in the community policing model that the department had worked so hard to establish. Focusing more on counterterrorism efforts than on building relationships with community members damages the relationships between police and… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

Barker, T. (2011). Police ethics: Crisis in law enforcement. Springfield, IL: Thomas. This book deals with problems experienced in law enforcement that demonstrate the inability of police officers to make lawful decisions. Chapter 8 deals specifically with police corruption and identifies three elements that exist in police corruption. The first is, the behave must be forbidden, the second is misuse of officer's position, and third, the reward. Although this chapter offers no study, it does provide a look into what the definition of corruption is along with… Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

context of formal leadership. This essay will cover the contrast of the role of manager versus leader in law enforcement. It will also provide a list of goals that can align with the mission statement of the chosen organization: Florida Gang Investigators Association. In the U.S. criminal justice system, an estimated half of workers are employed at the local level. The rest are employed at federal and state levels. Although managers do not exist within the context of private businesses, there are supervisory staff that oversee the actions of employees in government organizations. Management grants power to influence others… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

law enforcement and corrections can be influenced by several external threats. These consist of external communication gaps and many environmental influences. One of the key external threats that impacts both corrections and law enforcement is politics. In delineation, politics is the art of wielding one's authority and power over the government or public affairs. In particular, political action can give rise to the imposition of one's interests within the government, in positions of leadership within the government, with regard to the control over resources, as well as in… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Of Crime Incidents

few years, crime analysis has continued to expand in law enforcement agencies across the globe. This expansion has contributed to the development and use of different methods of crime analysis including strategic, tactical, and administrative strategic analysis. These techniques of crime analysis are utilized when examining different crime incidents and resolve them. This paper provides a review of different crime incidents using different techniques of crime analysis and an analysis of the various factors of crime in these incidents. Review of the Crime Incidents When reviewing these incident summaries, the type of analysis being conducted is tactical crime analysis… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Employees

where they give an insight into the dangerously low levels of motivation and morale experienced by law enforcement agents which is affecting their expected instant response to distress calls. The rate of crime is steadily increasing due to officers' low motivation to maintain order in the communities, carry out essential everyday operations and establish crime mitigation strategies. Motivation strategy Identify the possible challenges that could arise. The variety of challenges which result into resignations, truancy and an overall low motivation will be ascertained via reports from the officers themselves. Offer the officers an amount of responsibility. The officers will… Continue Reading...

Civil Liberties

is that America has systemic racial inequalities, which might have a significant role to play on the shootings by law enforcement in the nation. Aside from the incident of Philando Castile, there have been several other incidents of police brutality and police killings in the United States devoid of any justice or significant actions being undertaken (Baragona, 2017). In accordance to Craven (2016), the police in United States killed at least 258 black people in the year 2016. In particular, this is a worrying issue regarding civil liberties in the nation because out of this figure, 39 of them… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

non-whites being slain by those charged with keeping society safe is disquieting (Ruffin, 2016). I personally expect better from law enforcement. What side did the media take in presenting this story? The media did not report any desertion of posts by policemen in the area. Officials questioned in this regard generally replied that such a problem wasn't encountered in their department (Adams, 2005). Was it fair or unfair? System rules aren't fair. One can clearly witness media bias here. In spite of police department admissions and statements, media channels were not wholly honest when issuing reports. The truth was… Continue Reading...

Perception and Role Concept

a police officer? Civilians normally do not pay attention to law enforcement officials unless they fall into trouble. Instead of remembering law enforcement's public safety efforts, they remember the speeding tickets law enforcers impose on them. For instance, if policemen ended up saving one's life, this would greatly impact one's perception of them (Cubbage). When not on duty, the police feel alienated in society owing to the masses' present views regarding them. Their job isn't simple, but it has to be performed by somebody. law enforcement circles fare better in societies that hold more positive opinions of them. In such… Continue Reading...

Community Policing and Justice

many connotations offers dynamic players on opposite sides of law enforcement lines a peaceful way to promote fairness via exchanges and interface. The requisite interface transcends the "no justice, no peace" principle. However, defining the term 'justice' would be a fine way to begin (Walton 10). State and federal level regulation safeguards citizens of the nation against abuse as well as other similar violations on the part of law enforcers and other governmental authorities. Police abuse victims may individually sue both policemen and the local governmental bodies employing those officials (Advice Company Staff 3). Usually, law enforcement officers are… Continue Reading...

Crimes Against Property

the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which encompasses crimes that are reported by law enforcement (Bureau of Justice Standards, 2017). An examination of current trends in property crimes In accordance to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), in the 2010 fiscal year, there were an approximated 9,082,887 property crime transgressions in the United States. In particular, the 2-year trend gave an indication that crimes against property decline 2.7% in the 2010 financial year in comparison to the preceding 2009 assessment. Moreover, the 5-year trend, making comparisons of the 2010 statistics to the ones for 2006, indicated that there was… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

produced, also known as the GDP can be diverted towards criminal rehabilitations and strengthening of law enforcement agencies, unlike developing countries. Thus, the GDP produced by developed nations could be channelled towards properly developing rules and systems aimed at reducing criminal activities (Gonzalaez). Case Study from Quebec Region Crime cannot be truly referred to as an "urban problem". An analysis of police data from 2005 showed that the smaller urban regions experienced more levels of crime than the major urban regions. Rural areas, however, had the least crime rates. Analysing the situation in the Quebec region, it is discovered… Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

goes beyond the prison system. It is lacking in the mentality of the government, of law enforcement, of policy makers and of those who profit from the prison system (from corporations who use prison labor for productions to those who own and operate private prisons). In conclusion, American prisons must put people before profits and stop seeing the prisoner as an animal who has misbehaved and must be punished. The more inhumanely prisoners are treated, the more it reinforces their own flawed nature. Germany and the Netherlands attempt to reinforce positive values by reconnecting the prisoner with social settings,… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

that make up the criminal justice system that moderate a case from the start, via trial, to sentence. The law enforcement officials commence a case, they collect evidence to recognize and utilize against the assumed culprit through inspection of the crime. The court carries on with the case to assess in case the presumed culprit is guilty without reasonable doubt by assessing the evidence. The correction system utilizes the resources at their disposal, if required. The means include incarceration, probation, to punish and correct the behavior of the offender. All through the process, the rights of the convicted as… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

crime justice policies, the nation still struggles with disturbing racial frictions. The latest concern concentrates on frequent reports of law enforcement violence inflicted on non-Whites, some cases ending in fatalities of African-American males at the hands of law enforcers, with scant to no evident provocation. In this paper, the many fields in which racist values and traditions continue in the current era will be examined, with particular emphasis to the American corrective and penalizing system. [1: Hon Bill de Blasio, and City Hall. "Re: Mass Incarceration: Seizing the Moment for Reform." (2015)] The Color of Imprisonment The vast network… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act and Marijuana

of the substance in spite of the law was causing a strain on law enforcement and the courts, the public were warming up to the drug and everyone was working, consciously and unconsciously, towards the allowance of having little personal quantities by the law (Moncrieff, 2012). An analysis of the states which reformed their laws on marijuana from 2010 to 2014 in comparison to those who didn’t showed that crime rate wasn’t affected by this action. Even though a number of studies shows that there is a higher rate of crime in states which haven’t reformed their laws, this… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

human sex trafficking are essentially the same thing. Moreover, law enforcement authorities are also beginning to adopt this view and have increasingly targeted pimps as traffickers and customers while providing social assistance for the prostitutes involved. In fact, some analysts maintain that sex trafficking and prostitution must be viewed as completely separate institutions that demand different responses. For instance, according to Martina Vandenberg, an attorney with the Washington law firm Jenner & Block and a former Human Rights Watch researcher, “The 'abolitionists' truly believe all prostitution is trafficking, and if a woman says she did enter it voluntarily, she's… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

can be truly regarded as being effective. Despite the assertions by law enforcement authorities and the federal government that the coercive interrogation methods used on terrorist suspects have produced actionable information that prevented terrorist attacks at home and abroad, the fact remains that this information may have been available elsewhere and the use of torture to obtain it means that the practice cannot be regarded as being effective. For example, in response to the question of whether or not he thought ‘enhanced interrogation’ had saved lives former Vice President Dick Cheney told a CNN interviewer:  “I think those programs… Continue Reading...

Company Progressive Discipline Policy

subject to KenTrizo Limited’s progressive discipline policies or procedures. Such behaviors will instead be reported to local or relevant law enforcement authorities for appropriate action. These behaviors include substance abuse, theft and violence and may be reasons for immediate termination of employment. References Hopkins, C. (2017, January 19). Progressive Discipline Policy Sample & How-To Guide. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://fitsmallbusiness.com/progressive-discipline-policy/ Workable. (2017). Employee Progressive Discipline Policy Template. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://resources.workable.com/progressive-discipline-policy   Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

was published in 1999 in the peer-reviewed journal Perception, won awards and has made significant impact in fields like law enforcement. Lack of attention or awareness is a major problem, leading to real consequences including, as the authors show, actual fatalities. The six examples used in The Invisible Gorilla illustrate the different ways inattentional blindness and related cognitive and perceptual biases can cause major problems. The authors imply that the evidence behind The Invisible Gorilla can be used to inform public policy. The Invisible Gorilla is divided into six chapters, plus an introduction and conclusion. Each of the six… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

than 81% of participants ended up falsely confessing, with tremendous implications for law enforcement practice. This article ties in with the body of literature on psychological variables involved in false confessions. It can be used to better inform police policy and practice. Another feature of this article is that the authors differentiate between types of false confession. For example, Forrest, Wadkins & Larson (2006) refer to the role of real or imagined pressure laced during the interrogation, the fact that many people are trying to protect someone else by falsely confessing, and finally, the internalization type, which is investigated… Continue Reading...

Strategic Management and Its Influence on Stakeholders

Strategic management is particularly important within the context of law enforcement. law enforcement organizations must have a specified vision and mission as well as goals and objectives. For a police department, the goals and objectives must be informed by both internal and external factors, such as available financial resources and personnel, crime rates, and socio-cultural setup. During strategic planning, the department must, for example, consider whether it has the resources and personnel needed to respond to crime, prevent crime, and to enhance public safety. An important aspect of strategic management relates to stakeholder involvement. As an organization, the police… Continue Reading...

San Diego Police Departments Literature Review

at heart. This will be a worthwhile point to consider in preparing the Organizational Budget Plan for the selected law enforcement organization. A major strength of this article is that the author argues on the basis of evidence. This adds credibility to the information presented in the article. Jena, P. (2016). Reform initiatives in the budgeting system in India. Public Budgeting & Finance, 106-124. A scholar in the area of public finance and policy, Jena (2016) offers three points for reforming budgeting in the public sector: 1) performance-oriented budgeting; 2) multi-year expenditure planning; and 3) rule-based budget management. Performance-oriented… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organizational Issues

needs and guide programming decisions. Week 3 Discussion (2) Benchmarking and identifying best practices by policymakers and leaders in the law enforcement and correctional fields is crucial for various financial purposes. Benchmarks serve as the foundation for organizational grants, training policies, and policy development. An example of a tool that a law enforcement or correctional organization can utilize to benchmark itself against other similar organizations is SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis would enable these agencies to better benchmark themselves relative to other agencies through acting as a tool for internal benchmarking. In this case, the tool enables the organization to compare its… Continue Reading...

Public Funding and the Police

law enforcement and the Budget The most important stakeholders in the public finance of law enforcement organizations are the tax payers. Without taxes collected, the government could not afford to fund organizations. Municipal taxes, bonds, grants and more all go to fund law enforcement organizations. State and local taxes pay salaries and pensions for retiring officers, and yet still many municipal, state and federal level law enforcement agencies are required to borrow in order to meet structural requirements. Many cities run a… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

profiling. A subset of criminal psychology, criminal profiling is a useful field for law enforcement. Criminal psychology is not just about theories of personality and motivations for crime, but about how psychology can help law enforcement prevent crimes by using more effective profiling. Profiling can also help officers to improve their interviewing techniques. This book is also helpful because of the way it discusses the different profiling methods and the empirical research used to justify them. Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

the development of my department’s policy. With such policies in place, law enforcement agencies not only have the mandate to limit the use of excessive force, but also have a clear framework to refer to in the execution of their duties. It is important to note that to some extent, the Violent Crime Control and law enforcement Act (1994) has also prompted a number agencies to implement action plans aimed at ending the use of excessive force against citizens. In essence, this particular act permits the AG to institute legal proceedings against local as well as state governments found… Continue Reading...

Leadership Dynamics at Johnson County Sheriff Department

However, the Sheriff deliberately misled the FBI investigations and the jury although he is a sworn law enforcement officer. His actions were expected to be honest, and the other agency should not tolerate anything less. Therefore, ignoring police bias is unethical. The Sheriff consciously omitted some details to cover up for the perpetrator. The Sheriff must be charged with filing a false incident report with the intention of hindering the FBI investigation, making a false statement about the incident and obstruction of justice by giving false statements to the FBI investigators. Such crimes could earn the Sheriff a maximum… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Darryl Hunt\'s Case

home having been raped and stabbed to death by the perpetrator. The local law enforcement officers conduct investigations in which several witnesses state that they saw George Mark, an African-American man entering the victim’s house. Even though some of these witnesses providing conflicting information, they believed that George Mark was the perpetrator of the crime since he was seen entering the elderly woman’s house on the day of the murder. The police then arrested Mark and charged him with the sexual assault and murder of the victim. Despite the conflicting witness testimonies, lack of any physical evidence linking Mark… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement Abuses in Investigations

represents what appears to be a clear case of law enforcement officers disregarding evidence because it does not fit their narrative of what happened at a crime scene. The defense lawyers clearly have a good case on their side (which is no doubt why the first trial ended in a mistrial). The prosecution’s side is weak and does not explain motive or the evidence that the defense says was left at the home—such as the missing hair, the bent fireplace tools, and the gashes in the wall. The defense also has offered a motive that seems plausible whereas the… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

flags exhibited by Cruz that should have been identified by educators and law enforcement authorities for an entire decade. Indeed, according to the editors of one newspaper, “The 19-year-old was the subject of dozens of 911 calls and at least two separate tips to the FBI. He also came to the attention of the Florida Department of Children and Families” (Murphy Cautious after Parkland Shooting, 2018, p. A4). Notwithstanding these dozens of warning signs, the buck was consistently passed by social workers, teachers and law enforcement authorities and the Valentine’s Day shootings at Parkland occurred as a result. In… Continue Reading...

Florida\'s Plan for Responding to Terrorism

FEMA’s (2004) Annex provides guidance on establishing a “structure for a systematic, coordinated, unified, timely, and effective national law enforcement and investigative response to threats or acts of terrorism within the United States” (p. TER-1). Taken together, these two documents from FEMA serve as a helpful framework for measuring the adequacy of the State of Florida’s Terrorism Incident Response Index. Firstly, Florida’s Annex is structured and displays a systematic and coordinated approach to assessing the situation and embarking on a procedure to address the situation—so it fits in line with FEMA’s (2004) recommendations for being systematic, structured and coordinated.… Continue Reading...

The Organization and Structure Of Fire Department

or whether we need more training technicians. Information technology specialists will help our department retain strong communications connections with law enforcement, hospitals, emergency medical technicians, and other first responders. Also, the information technology will help our own first responders more efficiently respond to fire and other disaster calls, deploying exactly the service personnel and equipment necessary. In a suburban fire department such as this, links with other departments will be crucial. When determining the organization’s needs, we need to consult with other leaders in the community. Training technicians and training specialists need to be available at all time, both… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Two Global Security Organizations

power in a wide range of jurisdictions. Wexford Group offers services including operational advising, law enforcement support, program management, risk assessment, operations and intelligence fusion, development and fielding, and also recruitment, assessment, selection, and training (RAST) support for government agencies and private industries. TAL Global offers airport and aviation security, emergency preparedness planning, executive protection, risk management, school safety and security, and a range of other security services within their organizational rubric. These two organizations have similar leadership structures, dividing their different duties into different departments, each with its own organizational sub-structures. Working within the laws and jurisdictions of… Continue Reading...

Does the Truth Matter?

killed in Iraq” (Barry, Barstow, Glater, Liptak & Steinberg para2). Akin to law enforcement and financial organizations, all news companies expect and believe that their workers abide by key journalism rules. The investigation into the Jayson Blair case revealed repeated violations of the core journalism doctrine, which is merely to state the truth under all circumstances. Blair blurred his actual location using his laptop and mobile phone as instruments of deception, in addition to 24-hour access to news databases (para3). Blair’s article ‘A NATION AT WAR: RECUPERATION; Former P.O.W. Returns Home For Treatment at Army Hospital’ states that “as members… Continue Reading...

Michigan Community Child Watch Programs

Administered as a joint effort by school districts and local law enforcement agencies, the Community Child Watch Program owes its long-running success to volunteers that are trained to recognize, observe, report, and record any suspicious persons and activities. Every trained volunteer gains a handbook for reference and a poster to display on their door or window to show he or she has completed the program and is informed on what steps are needed to prevent crime regarding minors. Window posters have acted to deter would-be criminals like child molesters, but has also deterred overall crime. The more posters are… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

brutality is an ethical problem because it constitutes abuse of power, and also leads to mistrust of law enforcement. Mistrust of law enforcement in turn undermines the authority and legitimacy of the police and prevents cooperative measures of stopping crime like community policing models. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2015), 44 million people on average each year in the United States have some kind of face-to-face contact with police and of those 44 million, just under two percent experience use of threatening or nonfatal force. While this number may seem small, on the ground the high rate… Continue Reading...

Preventing an Influenza Pandemic

health care facilities where care can be given to members of the community who need, and utilizing law enforcement agencies to quarantine areas if necessary. Making effective use of the media can facilitate the process of combating the spread of the influenza by informing people across the region of what to do, how to protect themselves and where to go. Managing this resource and coordinating communication techniques across various media platforms, from television to social media to the Internet, can ensure that the right news and information is reaching the widest possible audience. In today’s digital age, it is… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

the patterns of their behavior, keeping track of serial killers can empower law enforcement to more effectively profile their psychology. Although this is not nearly as easy as it has been portrayed in Hollywood films, given the motiveless nature of the crime, it can be extremely useful (Winerman 2004). Profiling is not a replacement for effective investigation but it can enhance it. Serial killers will likely continue to attract the public’s attention in the future. But media coverage must err on the side of being responsible and informative, versus focusing on sensational details that could potentially inspire copycat actions.… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

present-day US laws; influential entities include even 19th-century governmental authorities and political leaders. The system, which comprises law enforcement bodies like local police forces, correctional facilities and criminal courts, was primarily created for ensuring American citizens’ safety. It constitutes a structural framework that facilitates the maintenance of law and order in American society (Zedner & Ashworth, 2012; "Justice, Western Theories", 2018; Baldwin, 1912).  According to Mueller (1996), the structuring of the US criminal justice system has gone through several modifications after historic events occurred within the criminal law context that uncovered the system’s shortcomings (Mueller, 1996). These events, perhaps,… Continue Reading...

Private Security Vs National Security

limited contexts. While the Office of Antiterrorism Assistance (ATA) oversees the process of training civilian security and law enforcement personnel in routine police procedures involving terrorism issues, Department of State officials often work with foreign countries to construct a policy that will better enable the effective means of readying personnel in addressing bomb threats, investigations, security (airport, building and maritime), and VIP security. This kind of direct involvement between state security apparatuses and private security forces further blurs the line between private and national. However, the perception that private security forces are somehow inferior to national security forces should be… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

at a law that was both despised by the public and ineffectively enforced by law enforcement officers). Individuals violated the laws of prohibition routinely by way of speakeasies, subversion of the legalistic parameters of the law (which allowed one to imbibe alcohol with a doctor’s note—similar to the way in which medicinal marijuana laws today allow one to legally escape prosecution under federal law for imbibing a schedule one narcotic), and other criminal activity. The end result of the lack of a true deterrent being able to be applied (mainly because of the lack of moral justification for the… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

Description law enforcement has a distinct professional culture that is comprised of both formal and informal elements. Formal elements are ensconced in rules and regulations. For example, training, hours of work, how to fill out paperwork, and wearing a uniform according to an individual’s status in the organization are formal elements of the culture. Informal elements are unspoken, including norms of behavior and the jargon used between officers. For example, informal cultural norms are what have a direct bearing on “how to go about their tasks, how hard… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

and even other elements—such as the inability of federal and local law enforcement agents to act on tips to prevent a situation from worsening (Benner, Mazzei, Goldman; Brown). The fact of the matter is that there are many variables and factors involved in every school shooting, and no two cases are alike—so establishing a plan to prevent them is much more complex than simply passing a new law or condemning one side of the argument. The Adam Lanza shooting, for example, involved a teenager whose family life had deteriorated to a dangerous low: his father had left, his mother… Continue Reading...