Law Enforcement Essays


Police Brutality Essay

  Topics Police Brutality and Race Police Violence and African Americans When Does the Use of Force Become Police Brutality? Police Brutality and the Black Lives Matter Movement Police Brutality and the Blue Lives Matter Movement Titles The Use of Violence: Is there a Limit to the Amount of Force Police Officers Should Use on a Suspect? Why “Just Comply” Is Not the Answer to Police Brutality Are Minorities the Victims of Higher Rates of Police Violence? Police Brutality: Is there a War on Cops or a War by Cops? Outline I.  Introduction – Definition II.  Body A.  Definition B. Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

the family, colleagues and pals of the abuser, and mental health or law enforcement personnel who have remained in touch with the perpetrator. Try to confirm important facts' accuracy: Forensic evaluations must entail collateral information gathering for gauging source credibility, reconciling conflicting facts, and ascertaining whether or not adequate information exists for making valid decisions. Written or verbal reports need to incorporate concerns regarding information validity (Agar, n.d.). Existence of critical factors: Assessors may identify specific risk factors as having particular significance in a given case. The summary form needs to record such critical items. This will suggest the… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

federal government would have taken less drastic measures through reordering priorities of law enforcement instead of generating fundamental changes in law. Week 5: Discussion In the American judicial system, the Supreme Court reviews very few cases most of whom are appeals from lower courts. It should not be mandatory for the Supreme Court to review more cases despite having appellate jurisdiction. The best legal standard to determine whether the Supreme Court should review a case includes the national significance of the case, its precedential value, and the need to create harmony between conflicting decisions. Week 6: Discussion 1 The… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

strategies as applied by African countries in the fight in question. The role of law enforcement agencies in countering terrorism will also be in the focus of this paper (Stump & Dixit, 2012). The study also seeks to identify the most effective approach that African countries should employ in order to succeed in individually and collectively fighting terrorism. Justification for Qualitative Study Qualitative analysis involves analyzing data collected from such sources as interviews or transcripts by the researcher who is analytic and has personal knowledge of the context of the source of the data. The central guiding driver of… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

within reasonable time after the arrest action by authorities. Thus, law enforcement agents must ensure a speedy arraignment in order to avoid falling prey to the crime of infringing on the suspects right to speedy trial according to the 6th Amendment. The defendant is told formally, in advance, of the day of their arrangement and the charges they are to face. The court safeguards the defendant's rights. Some of such rights include the right to remain silent, the right to a jury trial, a right that prevents them from being prosecuted twice (also called right against double jeopardy) for… Continue Reading...

Exclusionary Rule in Terry Vs Ohio

when flying. The Terry frisk initiated a snowball effect of more and more leeway on the part of law enforcement and security personnel to be able to detain persons, search them and their belongings, and seize items that may be constituted a threat. What Terry v. Ohio allowed the Court to do was to reinterpret the meaning of the "exclusionary rule" as pertaining to the Fourth Amendment's guarantee to citizens against unlawful searches and seizures (Maclin, 2014). The exclusionary rule asserted that any evidence gathered by way of a violating the individual's rights against unlawful searches could not be… Continue Reading...

Police Recruitment

is the threshold age. He possesses impressive theoretical knowledge of law enforcement. Such a quality does not translate to experience but it is a channel for the introduction of new ideas, methods and techniques to the force. He has worked in a responsible position in his family farm; a responsibility that suggests that he was assigned such a role to protect what is important. Although Raymond's run-time is not impressive, he can improve on it. No.3: Reid Jennifer L. This applicant is highly interesting and promising too. She is ranked 3 only because she is 23 years. If the… Continue Reading...

Katz Vs United States

and recording of the telephonic conversations of the petitioner (i.e., Katz) ended in a law enforcement search and capture as part of Amendment IV; without any search warrants founded on adequate probable cause, no procured evidence may be regarded as admissible (Samaha, 2011). According to J. Black, the practice of eavesdropping was one carried out from centuries, and the Constitutional Framers were well aware of it and how it violated people's privacy, when drafting the Constitution of the U.S. If they had any desire to forbid such activity as part of the Constitutional Amendment IV, they would've taken care… Continue Reading...

Police Vehicle Pursuits

Police Pursuit The law enforcement system's need of pursuing suspected lawbreakers has, perhaps, existed ever since the very first laws to tackle crime have been written. Right from the era of human traveling on foot to horse-riding to today's motorized transport, it is highly evident that police pursuits may be highly dangerous. The year 2003 witnessed approximately 35,000 pursuits of criminals across America, with 14,000 (i.e. almost 40% of these pursuits) ending in car crashes. No less than 50% of these 14,000 crashes… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Probation

I wish to pursue a career in the juvenile probation area of law enforcement, as a juvenile probation officer. Mcmahon (2016) defines 'juvenile probation' as a type of juvenile sentence wherein a juvenile lawbreaker is allowed to reside within his/her communities, instead of being sent to a new home or to prison. Numerous reasons may be cited as to why juvenile lawbreakers are allowed such leniency. It is up to the court to decide whether any juvenile offender is entitled to probation or not, as well as the probation terms. Probation as a whole, forms a rather critical… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

not. People make decisions based on a complex of biases and assumptions. From law enforcement to juries, individuals that take part in the criminal justice system are not robots and their decisions are not always just or ethical. The criminal justice system cannot use this as an excuse to continue functioning as is, without making requisite changes that can reduce if not eliminate bias. One step that can be taken would be to nationalize and professionalize law enforcement training. Another step would be to ensure that equitable legal counsel is truly available to all persons, because the public defender… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

back to its original approach, attempting at maximum invisibility, according to research scholars and law enforcement personnel. For example, the Genovese household, traditionally recognized as the biggest, most secretive and strongest crime family, currently probably utilizes a rotating leadership panel for its everyday operations, for preventing specific boss from becoming the targets of prosecutors. Meanwhile, other big crime families apply the "street boss" approach, in which lesser-known gangsters execute the commands of incarcerated heads. Further, the current crime families have been known to be less territorial as well as more amenable to collaborating with others in the field as… Continue Reading...

Illinois V Rodriguez Case

apartment. She referred to this nearby residence as "our apartment" and led these law enforcement officers to it and opened the door with her key. After police officers entered, she agreed to a search of the residence though these officers did not have a search warrant. Through the search, police officers found drug paraphernalia and containers that contained white powder, which was later proven to be cocaine. Consequently, these officers seized the drugs and the paraphernalia, arrested Rodriguez, and later charged him with possession of a controlled substance with intention to deliver. During trial at the Cook County Circuit… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

the institution of the law and the system of law enforcement. Those effects are palpable not only at the community level but also at the individual level of perceptions of police, as one study shows a substantial number of Americans have evolved contempt for law enforcement, suspicion of law enforcement, or "perceive law enforcement as agents of brutality," (Chaney and Robertson 480). Community policing models cannot take root or hope to mitigate or reverse the effects of these results unless there is a nationwide policy change to law enforcement organizational culture and training. Fatalities at the hands of police… Continue Reading...

Medical Marijuana Growing in Butte County

by then left the county completely for less hostile parts of California.10 Damian Martin also identifies issues between local law enforcement agents and medicinal marijuana growers, such as Patrick Kevin Kelly, whose home was raided like Diane Monson’s.11  Thus, when it comes to zoning issues, Butte County has essentially ordered it that all dispensaries are in violation of zoning ordinances.  However, private growers, growing marijuana as per doctor’s recommendations have also come into conflict with law enforcement, indicating that there is no clear sense of where legality and criminality cross over.  law enforcement agents in Butte County have indicated in… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

administrative work, but a commitment to community mental health prevention would ultimately help to reduce the stress placed on law enforcement as well as correctional officers. References Armstrong, T. (2005). Evaluating the competing assumptions of Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) A General Theory of Crime and psychological explanations of aggression. Western Criminology Review 6(1): 12-21. Boothby, J.L. & Clements, C.B. (2000). A national survey of correctional psychologists. Criminal Justice and Behavior 27(6): 716-732. Entorf, H. (2013). Criminal victims, victimized criminals, or both? Retrieved online: http://ftp.iza.org/dp7686.pdf Magaletta, P.R., et al. (2016). Correctional settings. APA handbook of clinical psychology: Roots and branches,… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

see in any way that that there would be a dent in law enforcement by the rule delivered on that day. He pointed out that the need for order and peace was too insistent to allow that to happen. However, he noted that such enforcement would be made harder (Samaha, 2012). The Self-Incrimination Approach In 1966, the court suddenly dropped the right to counsel approach to custodial interrogation by the police. In the Miranda vs. Arizona case in 1966, in a 5 to 4 decision, he court relied on the self-incrimination provision in the Fifth Amendment. The self-incrimination and… Continue Reading...

Terry Vs Ohio

rationale for the decision. Parties Involved The People of the State of Ohio and John W. Terry Facts Martin Mcfadden, a law enforcement official, saw the complainant engaged in a long, serious conversation with a second man, on a quiet street corner whilst constantly pacing along the street and looking into one of the shops there, from time to time. They were subsequently approached by a third individual who conversed with them before leading them along the street. From the looks of it, the official surmised that the three men might be up to no good, and potentially planning a shop burglary. Hence,… Continue Reading...

Video Cameras and Public Safety

may see this as an invasion of privacy, those working in law enforcement know the advantages of having proof of traffic violations. Furthermore, video cameras may be used to potentially spot other kinds of crimes that can lead to breakthroughs in major criminal cases. Therefore, countries like England have added video cameras to airports, public areas, and intersections to promote safety in these areas through constant surveillance (The Telegraph, 2016). Still, video cameras can be costly to implement, maintain, and monitor. Citizens may also feel their privacy invaded without their consent. Is having video cameras as part of a… Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

Title XI, Subtitle A of violent crime control and law enforcement act of 1994. The law forbids a small group of weapons known by ban advocates to be specifically risky and attractive for the purposes of the criminals (Koper, Woods, & Roth, 2004). Owners, as expectedly, defy gun registration processes as it has led to seizure in the past. Also, extending the ban on individuals who do inter-state businesses of it is legally not allowed. It brings upon additional problems in management with no incremental advantage. Hence, this brings us back to the registration debate (Kopel, 2015). These findings… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

participation in pornography. Unfortunately, child pornography is a global industry and law enforcement often faces great difficulty tracking down the black market sources for child pornographic material, human traffickers, and other perpetrators. The sex trafficking on minors is a major global industry, integrated with organized crime, and recent research is emerging with alarming statistics revealing the extent of the problem with 5,544 reported cases in the United States alone in 2015 (Mcpherson, 2016). These are just the reported cases; it is likely that the majority of incidents have not yet been reported. Even worse, some children find that when… Continue Reading...

Moral Issues with Internet Privacy

with Internet Privacy?). For example, no less than 2 key federal-level law enforcement organizations have hired Hacking Team: DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) since the year 2012, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation since the year 2011. The latter organization signed an over-seven-hundred-thousand-dollar contract with Hacking Team for its services. Meanwhile, the former apparently employed Hacking Team's software for pursuing Colombian targets (Schwartz). Internet privacy is also threatened by a 'creep factor' "whereby threats to privacy on the internet do not only come from criminals" (What Are the Moral Issues with Internet Privacy?) Internet users freely share their personal everyday lives… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

the issues that face the society with regards to law enforcement, criminal justice researchers tend to rely on empirical data, which is considered useful. The dependence on empirical data in criminal justice is evident in the fact that most of the existing criminology journals are quantitative as compared to qualitative studies (Jacques, 2014). Empirical research data is data obtained from direct and indirect observation of a complex social issue whereas anecdotal data is data obtained from someone else's observation or experience of an issue. In the criminal justice field, empirical research data is used to inform evidence-based practices in… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

a counterpoint to this thesis which is then elucidated. This counterpoint reveals that there are certain circumstances in which law enforcement have taken active measures to determine the truth without the presupposition of guilt or the outcome of a jury trial. Finally, the paper deconstructs those specific circumstances prior to concluding they are largely inapplicable to the vast majority of interrogations relevant to the court cases examined within this document. Broad Discussion of the Literature in a Funnel Format False confessions do not occur infrequently within the criminal justice system. There are a variety of reasons explicating this reality,… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

in the fulfilment of their everyday roles. In addition to other members of staff, they work with or alongside law enforcement officers and courts (Joyce, 2013). Correctional facilities are used to hold convicted individuals and those awaiting trial. These individuals may be involved in further deviance while still in custody or prison. They may coordinate criminal activities, be in possession of contraband objects, and/or assault fellow inmates and staff members. law enforcement personnel and courts can rely on this information to convict individuals awaiting trial. Without the assistance of correctional officers, investigations and prosecution may not be successful. Counsellors,… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

between personal prejudices, interests, and views and professional values. In this respect, all law enforcement leaders are required to refrain from unethical conduct when carrying out their duties. Ethicality is crucial, considering their job involves making life-altering decisions targeted at involved individuals (both victims and offenders). For instance, policemen who put legislation into force and work within societal settings are empowered to snatch away citizens' freedom, undertake investigations, issue tickets and engage in covert operations. Arbitrariness may arise if police officials, who are criminal justice agents, aren't bound by ethical rules. The end outcome may be abuse of justice… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on False Confessions

is tremendously helpful in my research because it shows not only that false confessions occur due to bad law enforcement procedures, but also that there is a widespread misperception of how pervasive the problem has become. Garrett, B.L. (2010). The substance of false confessions. Stanford Law Review 62(4): 1051-1118. This article examines the content of interrogations, including what was said by the interviewer and by the suspect. Garrett (2010) also shows how the text of the confession is used during key moments in the criminal justice procedure, leading to what the author calls "confession contamination," (p. 1051). Because the… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

ways people behave under pressure from authority figures, particularly law enforcement. I am also interested in scenario three related to the psychological aspects of disaster preparedness, but am more interested and concerned with criminal justice generally. Therefore, I narrowed down my selection of the scenarios mainly because of personal interest and curiosity about the subject matter, which motivates my desire to conduct the research necessary to write a proposal and complete the report. Scenario Two described involving false confessions raises several points about the ethics of criminal justice, and how officers lie in order to extract information from suspects… Continue Reading...

United States Vs Jones

defendant in the case, was suspected of trafficking narcotic drugs. From information collected using a number of investigation methods, law enforcement officials were able to procure a warrant which authorized attaching a GPS tracker to Jones' wife's Jeep (which was never driven by anyone but Jones). However, the law enforcers didn't adhere to the deadline stipulated in the warrant and attached the tracker after the deadline lapsed, employing it for tracking the Jeep's movements (United States v. Jones | Case Brief Summary). The satellite-guided tracker established the Jeep's whereabouts within 50-100 feet, conveying it to a governmental computer via… Continue Reading...

California Vs Greenwood

Indeed, the decision reached in the California versus Greenwood was celebrated by agencies for law enforcement. More detectives went on to look for evidence in this fashion. The California versus Greenwood case made by the Supreme Court was frequently used as a guide on searches of trash that did not require a warrant. The Supreme Court in North Carolina in State versus Hauser also held in 1976 that searching the garbage of a defendant did not violate the fourth Amendment although the garbage was collected from the defendant's backyard (Uviller). Since the trash was collected during normal time for… Continue Reading...

Katz V United States

Supreme Court reaffirmed that the Constitution demanded that objective judicial judgment stand between law enforcement officials and citizens. As searches carried out without proper judicial process can, as such, be deemed as unreasonable, the Court reversed the case. How it Will Influence Future Decisions of the Court Almost four decades later, the petitioner was able to find a more amenable audience at a high court. The 7-1 court majority reversed the Olmstead-period “trespass doctrine”. Justice Stewart wrote that Amendment IV defended citizens, not places; further, it wasn’t contingent on invading physical space (Iannacci, 2015). Additionally, the Court maintained that… Continue Reading...

Police Department Rewards for Defusing Violent Situations

police actions, and share videos with news organizations, this has become a negative for law enforcement. In response to these incidents, some police departments are offering rewards to officers that show restraint in the line of duty. This paper presents examples of those strategies by police departments. The Philadelphia & Los Angeles Police Departments In Philadelphia, the police department rewards officers for " . . . showing restraint in the line of duty, putting the tactic on par with bravery" (Associated Press 2016). In fact, more than 40 officers in the Philadelphia Police Department have been awarded for "defusing… Continue Reading...

Terry V Ohio Court Case

nature, searched location characteristics, and circumstances of search. However, for stopping or keeping any citizen in custody, law enforcement officials need to have satisfactory suspicion (in other words, impartial, soundgrounds to believe the apprehended individual was potentially embroiled in some wrongdoing) (What’s the Difference Between an Arrest and a Detention? ). This differs from an all-out arrest involving handcuffs and publicly transporting the suspected individual to the police station. Officials are allowed to detain people using only probable cause or an official warrant. The defendant’s party made a move to suppress evidence. While the prosecution’s declaration that the weapons… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

complainant in the Mapp v. Ohio case, DollreeMapp, was detained following a law enforcement search of her house to find an outlaw she was supposedly giving refuge to. After a number of entry refusals by the complainant, Cleveland’s Police Department apparently forged a warrant to inspect her home and forced their way into it. While they couldn’t find any outlaw hidden there, they did stumble upon lascivious and lewd material (books, to be precise) in the house (Mapp V Ohio - Cases | Laws.com). This discovery led to Mapp’s detention, though she wasn’t charged. Nevertheless, the complainant claimed the… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

may be appropriate in a technology organization, but may not be effective in a law enforcement organization. Equally, authoritarian leadership may work during normal periods, but may not work during periods of organizational change. In essence, situational leadership requires that leaders must be adaptive, flexible, and agile. The relevance of situational leadership within the context of military is immense. Military organizations exist in an ever more complex and ambiguous operational environment -- technological shifts, greater availability of information, increased downsizing, constantly changing security threats, increasingly complex battlefields, and so forth. These uncertainties mean that a single style of leadership… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

view of Amendment IV left several observers astonished. On particular matters, the Justice backed distinct rules in favor of law enforcement (e.g., the unbiased test for justifying a stop). But with regard to defining fairness and searches, Scalia's formalism and originalism philosophies ensured he supported rules which frequently facilitated crime (Slattery, et.al, 2016). For instance, consider the subject of how a search is defined. Any object plainly visible to law enforcement officers already legitimately present at the site can be seized without warrants. While a number of justices were ready to expand this principle to cover and authorize a… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

research in the criminal justice field is wide ranging. From law enforcement to corrections, most policies have been informed by quantitative research, a clear indication of the usefulness of generalisation and causality in evaluating criminal justice data and interpreting published research data. There are obviously criminal justice questions that require quantitative techniques. The tenets of universality and causality will be useful in answering research questions in the field of criminal justice. Week 4 -- Discussion 2 Creswell (2014) identifies six important steps in analysing and interpreting data in quantitative research. These include: 1) reporting the survey response rate; 2)… Continue Reading...

Aurora Colorado Theater Shooting After Action Report

scene stabilization, incident mitigation, multi-agency coordination, and challenges. Finally, lessons from the incident are provided. Initial Public Safety Response Local law enforcement agencies, in conjunction with the Fire Department and emergency services, are usually the first responders to major incidents such as shooting incidents (TriData Division, 2014). In the event of such incidents, quick and well-coordinated response is crucial for saving victims, arresting the perpetrator, as well as effective management of the crisis (Bjelopera et al., 2013). For first responders, however, responding to emergencies is often a challenging undertaking, in large part, due to the lack of complete information about the… Continue Reading...

The Effect Of a Public Policy on an Individual

puts the individual at a systematic disadvantage vis-a-vis his white neighbors because of several factors. One is that law enforcement officials in his and surrounding communities are more likely to stop and interrogate him versus his white peers. As second issue is that the individual was treated differently from his white counterparts in school. A third is that his parents had experienced discrimination and their experiences have had an influence on the individual's worldview and his belief in the possibility for change. Policy: The War on Drugs The War on Drugs has been described as "the most expensive and… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

three major components in the United States criminal justice system, law enforcement acts semi-independently from its two counterparts, courts, and corrections (Conser, Paynich, & Gingerich, 2013). law enforcement agencies in the United States operate at the federal, state, and county level. There are sheriffs at the county level, and federal and state police respectively (Conser, Paynich, & Gingerich, 2013). England operates in a similar manner with the centralizing force being the United Kingdom. Additionally, the Crown dependencies and British Overseas Territories work with separate police forces that follow the British model (Jackson, Bradford, Stanko, & Hohl, 2012). This is… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

federalism regarding cannabis laws. However, the federal government has affirmed that it would defer to state law enforcement except in situations in which the drug is being transported for sale in another state (Baude, et al., 2014). In 2014, the House of Representatives voted to disallow DEA spending for raiding medical marijuana dispensaries in states where medical marijuana is legal (Adler, 2014). Republican lawmakers have gradually begun to show support for states' rights when it comes to cannabis. However, the new Canadian model shows that a federal decriminalization policy may be far better for public health and safety outcomes.… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

by the same general rules, inclusive of not harming each other, stealing from each other, disregarding the orders of law enforcement and so forth. Quite often, people that are unpleased will do their "speaking" via peaceful protests or in the ballot box when elections roll around. One dimension that has to be explicitly considered and pondered are the types of consent. Indeed, there has already been talk about explicit consent that is definitely and specifically given. There has also been talk about implicit consent which is in some ways presumed due to lack of resistance and recoil from the… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

why Bagby (2009) concludes the American mosque "should be viewed as a partner for American law enforcement in preventing the emergence of Muslim radicalism and home-grown terrorist groups. References Al-Romi, N.H. (2000). Muslims as a minority in the United States. International Journal of Educational Research 33(2000): 631-638. Bagby, I. (2009). The American mosque in transition. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 35(3): 472-490. Britto, P.R. & Amer, M. M. (2007). An Exploration of Cultural Identity Patterns and the Family Context among Arab Muslim Young Adults in America. Applied Development Science 11(3): 137-150. Elashi, F.B., Mills, C.M. & Grant, M.G.… Continue Reading...

Pop and Ilp Policing

and crime. What was originally an American form of policing, now a global one among progressive law enforcement agencies (Braga, 2010). First created in 1979 by Herman Goldstein, the standard model of policing at the time did not facilitate the kind of effective effort needed to combat crime. Before the introduction of POP, policing was mainly incident driven and reactive. However, after POP, policing became more proactive at targeting and identifying problems that contribute to community issues like disorder and crime. The model was not fully implemented until Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment (SARA model) was created by Eck… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

within the first three years of obtaining their driving license. As currently practiced in the United States, law enforcement agencies and personnel should ensure that young drivers cannot carry a specific number of peer passengers, particularly during certain periods of time such as at night or in the evening. In relation to speeding, the findings of the study can be utilized to demonstrate the dangers of speeding. Media and educational campaigns should be conducted to enhance awareness of dangers of speeding, especially among young drivers. During the campaigns, novice and young drivers should be sensitized on the value of… Continue Reading...

Leadership in the Public Sector

sector, a broad range of agencies work together to ensure public safety. These include law enforcement agencies, courts, correctional institutions, emergency responders, as well as cabinet-level departments such as the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, State Department, and the Department of Justice. Leading in such an environment requires one to have outstanding communication skills. Effective delegation is also crucial in public sector leadership. Delegation essentially denotes conferring power and/or authority to a subordinate to accomplish a specific task. The public sector leader must ensure the task is delegated to the right person or team as ineffective… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Issues

themselves (Finkelhor, 2011). The criminal justice system responds to the victimization through law enforcement, arresting and prosecuting perpetrators, and encouraging reporting of such crimes. However, a holistic plan for offering restitution to child and elder abuse victims would help enhance effectiveness of the criminal justice system in dealing with the problem. A proposed restitution plan is for criminal justice professionals to ensure that perpetrators do not offer compensation for their crimes but instead pay for the kind of damages they cause on the child or senior adult. Week 5 -- Discussion 1 School and workplace victimizations are violent and… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

policies that seek to lessen victimization and enforcing the law. Additionally, the administration of justice and law enforcement in the criminal justice system has involved prioritizing the safety of victims in order to help reduce crime victimization. This process has involved ensuring that criminals are punished for their crimes based on the law. While these approaches have helped in dealing with victimization, they are inadequate to resolve the increased vulnerabilities of individuals and groups to crime victimization. These approaches seemingly focus on protecting victims after the occurrence of a crime rather than before the crime is conducted. Therefore, a… Continue Reading...

Statute Of Limitations on Rape

question. References Dedel, K. (2017). Stranger Rape. A Survivor Not a Victim. Retrieved 9 May 2017, from https://asurvivornotavictim.com/1144-2/ RAINN. (2017). Reporting to law enforcement | RAINN. Rainn.org. Retrieved 9 May 2017, from https://www.rainn.org/articles/reporting-law-enforcement Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

the subject of victimology over time. This article targets the scholars in the field of victimology, the law enforcement agents as well as the legal practitioners who can have inferences to the case scenarios and events highlighted by the article. The law enforcement agencies can use the article to enlighten them on previous cases of victimization and hence use such to effectively identify possible victims and institute efficient ways of protecting them. This report brings out significant definition and description of terms and concepts that are central in understanding the aspect of victimology. It gives timelines that define the evolution… Continue Reading...

Police and Public Relations

their male counterparts? 4) How could more females be solicited into a career in law enforcement? 5) What are your own thoughts/feelings/ideas about the videos? Video Three: Police Department Voicemail (Note: Audio Only) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3eSySq2KFU0 1) Does this represent an accurate view of policing? 2) How does the perception of this affect police-community relations? 3) What are your own thoughts/feelings/ideas about the video?   Continue Reading...

Counter Terrorism Community Policing and Changes

September 11, local law enforcement like Javier's department became more responsible for participating in and ensuring homeland security. While the role of police in homeland security might seem natural or obvious, diverting the attention and resources of police towards the federal concerns of homeland security can have some detrimental outcomes. One of the most important changes Javier noticed was the breakdown in the community policing model that the department had worked so hard to establish. Focusing more on counterterrorism efforts than on building relationships with community members damages the relationships between police and… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

Barker, T. (2011). Police ethics: Crisis in law enforcement. Springfield, IL: Thomas. This book deals with problems experienced in law enforcement that demonstrate the inability of police officers to make lawful decisions. Chapter 8 deals specifically with police corruption and identifies three elements that exist in police corruption. The first is, the behave must be forbidden, the second is misuse of officer's position, and third, the reward. Although this chapter offers no study, it does provide a look into what the definition of corruption is along with a possible explanation for the prevalence of corruption amongst… Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

will cover the contrast of the role of manager versus leader in law enforcement. It will also provide a list of goals that can align with the mission statement of the chosen organization: Florida Gang Investigators Association. In the U.S. criminal justice system, an estimated half of workers are employed at the local level. The rest are employed at federal and state levels. Although managers do not exist within the context of private businesses, there are supervisory staff that oversee the actions of employees in government organizations. Management grants power to influence others (Allen & Sawhney, 2015). This power… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

law enforcement and corrections can be influenced by several external threats. These consist of external communication gaps and many environmental influences. One of the key external threats that impacts both corrections and law enforcement is politics. In delineation, politics is the art of wielding one's authority and power over the government or public affairs. In particular, political action can give rise to the imposition of one's interests within the government, in positions of leadership within the government, with regard to the control over resources, as well as in terms… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Of Crime Incidents

justice system in dealing with crime. In the past few years, crime analysis has continued to expand in law enforcement agencies across the globe. This expansion has contributed to the development and use of different methods of crime analysis including strategic, tactical, and administrative strategic analysis. These techniques of crime analysis are utilized when examining different crime incidents and resolve them. This paper provides a review of different crime incidents using different techniques of crime analysis and an analysis of the various factors of crime in these incidents. Review of the Crime Incidents When reviewing these incident summaries, the… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Employees

they give an insight into the dangerously low levels of motivation and morale experienced by law enforcement agents which is affecting their expected instant response to distress calls. The rate of crime is steadily increasing due to officers' low motivation to maintain order in the communities, carry out essential everyday operations and establish crime mitigation strategies. Motivation strategy Identify the possible challenges that could arise. The variety of challenges which result into resignations, truancy and an overall low motivation will be ascertained via reports from the officers themselves. Offer the officers an amount of responsibility. The officers will be… Continue Reading...

Civil Liberties

America has systemic racial inequalities, which might have a significant role to play on the shootings by law enforcement in the nation. Aside from the incident of Philando Castile, there have been several other incidents of police brutality and police killings in the United States devoid of any justice or significant actions being undertaken (Baragona, 2017). In accordance to Craven (2016), the police in United States killed at least 258 black people in the year 2016. In particular, this is a worrying issue regarding civil liberties in the nation because out of this figure, 39 of them were unarmed… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

slain by those charged with keeping society safe is disquieting (Ruffin, 2016). I personally expect better from law enforcement. What side did the media take in presenting this story? The media did not report any desertion of posts by policemen in the area. Officials questioned in this regard generally replied that such a problem wasn't encountered in their department (Adams, 2005). Was it fair or unfair? System rules aren't fair. One can clearly witness media bias here. In spite of police department admissions and statements, media channels were not wholly honest when issuing reports. The truth was only reflected… Continue Reading...

Perception and Role Concept

way the citizen acts toward a police officer? Civilians normally do not pay attention to law enforcement officials unless they fall into trouble. Instead of remembering law enforcement's public safety efforts, they remember the speeding tickets law enforcers impose on them. For instance, if policemen ended up saving one's life, this would greatly impact one's perception of them (Cubbage). When not on duty, the police feel alienated in society owing to the masses' present views regarding them. Their job isn't simple, but it has to be performed by somebody. law enforcement circles fare better in societies that hold more positive… Continue Reading...

Community Policing and Justice

on its many connotations offers dynamic players on opposite sides of law enforcement lines a peaceful way to promote fairness via exchanges and interface. The requisite interface transcends the "no justice, no peace" principle. However, defining the term 'justice' would be a fine way to begin (Walton 10). State and federal level regulation safeguards citizens of the nation against abuse as well as other similar violations on the part of law enforcers and other governmental authorities. Police abuse victims may individually sue both policemen and the local governmental bodies employing those officials (Advice Company Staff 3). Usually, law enforcementContinue Reading...

Crimes Against Property

Crime Reports (UCR) by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which encompasses crimes that are reported by law enforcement (Bureau of Justice Standards, 2017). An examination of current trends in property crimes In accordance to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (2010), in the 2010 fiscal year, there were an approximated 9,082,887 property crime transgressions in the United States. In particular, the 2-year trend gave an indication that crimes against property decline 2.7% in the 2010 financial year in comparison to the preceding 2009 assessment. Moreover, the 5-year trend, making comparisons of the 2010 statistics to the ones for 2006,… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

also known as the GDP can be diverted towards criminal rehabilitations and strengthening of law enforcement agencies, unlike developing countries. Thus, the GDP produced by developed nations could be channelled towards properly developing rules and systems aimed at reducing criminal activities (Gonzalaez). Case Study from Quebec Region Crime cannot be truly referred to as an "urban problem". An analysis of police data from 2005 showed that the smaller urban regions experienced more levels of crime than the major urban regions. Rural areas, however, had the least crime rates. Analysing the situation in the Quebec region, it is discovered that… Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

It is lacking in the mentality of the government, of law enforcement, of policy makers and of those who profit from the prison system (from corporations who use prison labor for productions to those who own and operate private prisons). In conclusion, American prisons must put people before profits and stop seeing the prisoner as an animal who has misbehaved and must be punished. The more inhumanely prisoners are treated, the more it reinforces their own flawed nature. Germany and the Netherlands attempt to reinforce positive values by reconnecting the prisoner with social settings, the outdoors, nature, and a… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

the criminal justice system that moderate a case from the start, via trial, to sentence. The law enforcement officials commence a case, they collect evidence to recognize and utilize against the assumed culprit through inspection of the crime. The court carries on with the case to assess in case the presumed culprit is guilty without reasonable doubt by assessing the evidence. The correction system utilizes the resources at their disposal, if required. The means include incarceration, probation, to punish and correct the behavior of the offender. All through the process, the rights of the convicted as well as the… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

frictions. The latest concern concentrates on frequent reports of law enforcement violence inflicted on non-Whites, some cases ending in fatalities of African-American males at the hands of law enforcers, with scant to no evident provocation. In this paper, the many fields in which racist values and traditions continue in the current era will be examined, with particular emphasis to the American corrective and penalizing system. [1: Hon Bill de Blasio, and City Hall. "Re: Mass Incarceration: Seizing the Moment for Reform." (2015)] The Color of Imprisonment The vast network of American lockups and secure units houses, at present, nearly… Continue Reading...

Affordable Care Act and Marijuana

The continuous and rising consumption of the substance in spite of the law was causing a strain on law enforcement and the courts, the public were warming up to the drug and everyone was working, consciously and unconsciously, towards the allowance of having little personal quantities by the law (Moncrieff, 2012). An analysis of the states which reformed their laws on marijuana from 2010 to 2014 in comparison to those who didn’t showed that crime rate wasn’t affected by this action. Even though a number of studies shows that there is a higher rate of crime in states which… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

prostitution and human sex trafficking are essentially the same thing. Moreover, law enforcement authorities are also beginning to adopt this view and have increasingly targeted pimps as traffickers and customers while providing social assistance for the prostitutes involved. In fact, some analysts maintain that sex trafficking and prostitution must be viewed as completely separate institutions that demand different responses. For instance, according to Martina Vandenberg, an attorney with the Washington law firm Jenner & Block and a former Human Rights Watch researcher, “The 'abolitionists' truly believe all prostitution is trafficking, and if a woman says she did enter it… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

reasonable to posit that few incidents of torture can be truly regarded as being effective. Despite the assertions by law enforcement authorities and the federal government that the coercive interrogation methods used on terrorist suspects have produced actionable information that prevented terrorist attacks at home and abroad, the fact remains that this information may have been available elsewhere and the use of torture to obtain it means that the practice cannot be regarded as being effective. For example, in response to the question of whether or not he thought ‘enhanced interrogation’ had saved lives former Vice President Dick Cheney… Continue Reading...

Company Progressive Discipline Policy

or procedures. Such behaviors will instead be reported to local or relevant law enforcement authorities for appropriate action. These behaviors include substance abuse, theft and violence and may be reasons for immediate termination of employment. References Hopkins, C. (2017, January 19). Progressive Discipline Policy Sample & How-To Guide. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://fitsmallbusiness.com/progressive-discipline-policy/ Workable. (2017). Employee Progressive Discipline Policy Template. Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://resources.workable.com/progressive-discipline-policy   Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

1999 in the peer-reviewed journal Perception, won awards and has made significant impact in fields like law enforcement. Lack of attention or awareness is a major problem, leading to real consequences including, as the authors show, actual fatalities. The six examples used in The Invisible Gorilla illustrate the different ways inattentional blindness and related cognitive and perceptual biases can cause major problems. The authors imply that the evidence behind The Invisible Gorilla can be used to inform public policy. The Invisible Gorilla is divided into six chapters, plus an introduction and conclusion. Each of the six main chapters is… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

sign a false confession. Overall, more than 81% of participants ended up falsely confessing, with tremendous implications for law enforcement practice. This article ties in with the body of literature on psychological variables involved in false confessions. It can be used to better inform police policy and practice. Another feature of this article is that the authors differentiate between types of false confession. For example, Forrest, Wadkins & Larson (2006) refer to the role of real or imagined pressure laced during the interrogation, the fact that many people are trying to protect someone else by falsely confessing, and finally,… Continue Reading...

Strategic Management and Its Influence on Stakeholders

33). This underscores the importance of effective strategic management. Strategic management is particularly important within the context of law enforcement. law enforcement organizations must have a specified vision and mission as well as goals and objectives. For a police department, the goals and objectives must be informed by both internal and external factors, such as available financial resources and personnel, crime rates, and socio-cultural setup. During strategic planning, the department must, for example, consider whether it has the resources and personnel needed to respond to crime, prevent crime, and to enhance public safety. An important aspect of strategic management… Continue Reading...

San Diego Police Departments Literature Review

in preparing the Organizational Budget Plan for the selected law enforcement organization. A major strength of this article is that the author argues on the basis of evidence. This adds credibility to the information presented in the article. Jena, P. (2016). Reform initiatives in the budgeting system in India. Public Budgeting & Finance, 106-124. A scholar in the area of public finance and policy, Jena (2016) offers three points for reforming budgeting in the public sector: 1) performance-oriented budgeting; 2) multi-year expenditure planning; and 3) rule-based budget management. Performance-oriented budgeting means that the budgeting process is based on performance… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organizational Issues

and identifying best practices by policymakers and leaders in the law enforcement and correctional fields is crucial for various financial purposes. Benchmarks serve as the foundation for organizational grants, training policies, and policy development. An example of a tool that a law enforcement or correctional organization can utilize to benchmark itself against other similar organizations is SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis would enable these agencies to better benchmark themselves relative to other agencies through acting as a tool for internal benchmarking. In this case, the tool enables the organization to compare its performance with others through evaluation of its strengths,… Continue Reading...

Public Funding and the Police

law enforcement and the Budget The most important stakeholders in the public finance of law enforcement organizations are the tax payers. Without taxes collected, the government could not afford to fund organizations. Municipal taxes, bonds, grants and more all go to fund law enforcement organizations. State and local taxes pay salaries and pensions for retiring officers, and yet still many municipal, state and federal level law enforcement agencies are required to borrow in order to meet structural requirements. Many cities run a continual budgetary deficit, with mounting debts… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

criminal profiling. A subset of criminal psychology, criminal profiling is a useful field for law enforcement. Criminal psychology is not just about theories of personality and motivations for crime, but about how psychology can help law enforcement prevent crimes by using more effective profiling. Profiling can also help officers to improve their interviewing techniques. This book is also helpful because of the way it discusses the different profiling methods and the empirical research used to justify them. Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

reference point in the development of my department’s policy. With such policies in place, law enforcement agencies not only have the mandate to limit the use of excessive force, but also have a clear framework to refer to in the execution of their duties. It is important to note that to some extent, the Violent Crime Control and law enforcement Act (1994) has also prompted a number agencies to implement action plans aimed at ending the use of excessive force against citizens. In essence, this particular act permits the AG to institute legal proceedings against local as well as… Continue Reading...

Leadership Dynamics at Johnson County Sheriff Department

issues. However, the Sheriff deliberately misled the FBI investigations and the jury although he is a sworn law enforcement officer. His actions were expected to be honest, and the other agency should not tolerate anything less. Therefore, ignoring police bias is unethical. The Sheriff consciously omitted some details to cover up for the perpetrator. The Sheriff must be charged with filing a false incident report with the intention of hindering the FBI investigation, making a false statement about the incident and obstruction of justice by giving false statements to the FBI investigators. Such crimes could earn the Sheriff a… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Darryl Hunt's Case

her home having been raped and stabbed to death by the perpetrator. The local law enforcement officers conduct investigations in which several witnesses state that they saw George Mark, an African-American man entering the victim’s house. Even though some of these witnesses providing conflicting information, they believed that George Mark was the perpetrator of the crime since he was seen entering the elderly woman’s house on the day of the murder. The police then arrested Mark and charged him with the sexual assault and murder of the victim. Despite the conflicting witness testimonies, lack of any physical evidence linking… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement Abuses in Investigations

represents what appears to be a clear case of law enforcement officers disregarding evidence because it does not fit their narrative of what happened at a crime scene. The defense lawyers clearly have a good case on their side (which is no doubt why the first trial ended in a mistrial). The prosecution’s side is weak and does not explain motive or the evidence that the defense says was left at the home—such as the missing hair, the bent fireplace tools, and the gashes in the wall. The defense also has offered a motive that seems plausible whereas the… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

Cruz that should have been identified by educators and law enforcement authorities for an entire decade. Indeed, according to the editors of one newspaper, “The 19-year-old was the subject of dozens of 911 calls and at least two separate tips to the FBI. He also came to the attention of the Florida Department of Children and Families” (Murphy Cautious after Parkland Shooting, 2018, p. A4). Notwithstanding these dozens of warning signs, the buck was consistently passed by social workers, teachers and law enforcement authorities and the Valentine’s Day shootings at Parkland occurred as a result. In reality, though, the… Continue Reading...

Florida's Plan for Responding to Terrorism

provides guidance on establishing a “structure for a systematic, coordinated, unified, timely, and effective national law enforcement and investigative response to threats or acts of terrorism within the United States” (p. TER-1). Taken together, these two documents from FEMA serve as a helpful framework for measuring the adequacy of the State of Florida’s Terrorism Incident Response Index. Firstly, Florida’s Annex is structured and displays a systematic and coordinated approach to assessing the situation and embarking on a procedure to address the situation—so it fits in line with FEMA’s (2004) recommendations for being systematic, structured and coordinated. It details the… Continue Reading...

The Organization and Structure Of Fire Department

or whether we need more training technicians. Information technology specialists will help our department retain strong communications connections with law enforcement, hospitals, emergency medical technicians, and other first responders. Also, the information technology will help our own first responders more efficiently respond to fire and other disaster calls, deploying exactly the service personnel and equipment necessary. In a suburban fire department such as this, links with other departments will be crucial. When determining the organization’s needs, we need to consult with other leaders in the community. Training technicians and training specialists need to be available at all time, both… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Two Global Security Organizations

a wide range of jurisdictions. Wexford Group offers services including operational advising, law enforcement support, program management, risk assessment, operations and intelligence fusion, development and fielding, and also recruitment, assessment, selection, and training (RAST) support for government agencies and private industries. TAL Global offers airport and aviation security, emergency preparedness planning, executive protection, risk management, school safety and security, and a range of other security services within their organizational rubric. These two organizations have similar leadership structures, dividing their different duties into different departments, each with its own organizational sub-structures. Working within the laws and jurisdictions of any client… Continue Reading...

Does the Truth Matter?

for loved ones killed in Iraq” (Barry, Barstow, Glater, Liptak & Steinberg para2). Akin to law enforcement and financial organizations, all news companies expect and believe that their workers abide by key journalism rules. The investigation into the Jayson Blair case revealed repeated violations of the core journalism doctrine, which is merely to state the truth under all circumstances. Blair blurred his actual location using his laptop and mobile phone as instruments of deception, in addition to 24-hour access to news databases (para3). Blair’s article ‘A NATION AT WAR: RECUPERATION; Former P.O.W. Returns Home For Treatment at Army Hospital’ states… Continue Reading...

Michigan Community Child Watch Programs

children becoming victims of crime. Administered as a joint effort by school districts and local law enforcement agencies, the Community Child Watch Program owes its long-running success to volunteers that are trained to recognize, observe, report, and record any suspicious persons and activities. Every trained volunteer gains a handbook for reference and a poster to display on their door or window to show he or she has completed the program and is informed on what steps are needed to prevent crime regarding minors. Window posters have acted to deter would-be criminals like child molesters, but has also deterred overall… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

problem because it constitutes abuse of power, and also leads to mistrust of law enforcement. Mistrust of law enforcement in turn undermines the authority and legitimacy of the police and prevents cooperative measures of stopping crime like community policing models. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2015), 44 million people on average each year in the United States have some kind of face-to-face contact with police and of those 44 million, just under two percent experience use of threatening or nonfatal force. While this number may seem small, on the ground the high rate of police brutality does… Continue Reading...

Preventing an Influenza Pandemic

care can be given to members of the community who need, and utilizing law enforcement agencies to quarantine areas if necessary. Making effective use of the media can facilitate the process of combating the spread of the influenza by informing people across the region of what to do, how to protect themselves and where to go. Managing this resource and coordinating communication techniques across various media platforms, from television to social media to the Internet, can ensure that the right news and information is reaching the widest possible audience. In today’s digital age, it is important that health care… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

in the patterns of their behavior, keeping track of serial killers can empower law enforcement to more effectively profile their psychology. Although this is not nearly as easy as it has been portrayed in Hollywood films, given the motiveless nature of the crime, it can be extremely useful (Winerman 2004). Profiling is not a replacement for effective investigation but it can enhance it. Serial killers will likely continue to attract the public’s attention in the future. But media coverage must err on the side of being responsible and informative, versus focusing on sensational details that could potentially inspire copycat… Continue Reading...

The Oj Simpson Case Analysis

laws; influential entities include even 19th-century governmental authorities and political leaders. The system, which comprises law enforcement bodies like local police forces, correctional facilities and criminal courts, was primarily created for ensuring American citizens’ safety. It constitutes a structural framework that facilitates the maintenance of law and order in American society (Zedner & Ashworth, 2012; \"Justice, Western Theories\", 2018; Baldwin, 1912).  According to Mueller (1996), the structuring of the US criminal justice system has gone through several modifications after historic events occurred within the criminal law context that uncovered the system’s shortcomings (Mueller, 1996). These events, perhaps, influenced lawmakers… Continue Reading...

Private Security Vs National Security

Antiterrorism Assistance (ATA) oversees the process of training civilian security and law enforcement personnel in routine police procedures involving terrorism issues, Department of State officials often work with foreign countries to construct a policy that will better enable the effective means of readying personnel in addressing bomb threats, investigations, security (airport, building and maritime), and VIP security. This kind of direct involvement between state security apparatuses and private security forces further blurs the line between private and national. However, the perception that private security forces are somehow inferior to national security forces should be eradicated by the fact that… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

at a law that was both despised by the public and ineffectively enforced by law enforcement officers). Individuals violated the laws of prohibition routinely by way of speakeasies, subversion of the legalistic parameters of the law (which allowed one to imbibe alcohol with a doctor’s note—similar to the way in which medicinal marijuana laws today allow one to legally escape prosecution under federal law for imbibing a schedule one narcotic), and other criminal activity. The end result of the lack of a true deterrent being able to be applied (mainly because of the lack of moral justification for the… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

Description law enforcement has a distinct professional culture that is comprised of both formal and informal elements. Formal elements are ensconced in rules and regulations. For example, training, hours of work, how to fill out paperwork, and wearing a uniform according to an individual’s status in the organization are formal elements of the culture. Informal elements are unspoken, including norms of behavior and the jargon used between officers. For example, informal cultural norms are what have a direct bearing on “how to go about their tasks, how… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

only factor. Family life, drug usage, and even other elements—such as the inability of federal and local law enforcement agents to act on tips to prevent a situation from worsening (Benner, Mazzei, Goldman; Brown). The fact of the matter is that there are many variables and factors involved in every school shooting, and no two cases are alike—so establishing a plan to prevent them is much more complex than simply passing a new law or condemning one side of the argument. The Adam Lanza shooting, for example, involved a teenager whose family life had deteriorated to a dangerous low:… Continue Reading...

National Anthem Protest Essay

to an almost daily occurrence, Kaepernick decided to protest social injustice, particularly the killing of unarmed black men by law enforcement agencies.  He started his protest by sitting on a bench on the sidelines while the National Anthem played, but after a discussion with a veteran who told him he found that behavior disrespectful, Kaepernick agreed to his suggestion that, instead of sitting during the anthem, Kaepernick take a knee.  However, this was not enough to satisfy disgruntled fans.  Kaepernick, a free agent, was not signed for the 2017-2018 football season.  In response, many African Americans began to boycott… Continue Reading...

Black Lives Matter Essay

their efforts to educate Americans concerning the extrajudicial killings of black Americans by vigilantes and law enforcement authorities across the country. To gain some new insights into this movement, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the Black Lives Matter movement to provide an overview of the organization and what initiatives it has undertaken to promote its causes. Finally, a discussion concerning the implications of the Black Lives Matter movement for the future is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Black Lives Matters movement in the conclusion. Keywords:  [h3]Black Lives… Continue Reading...

Bullying Essay

be difficult to stop. Measures that can be taken involve gathering evidence and contacting law enforcement. People should never have to endure physical bullying and must be dealt with accordingly. Why physical bullying exists is varied. Often physical bullies attack their victims because they experience some form of abuse. They may do so simply because they can. Or, they may be peer pressured into attacking a bully victim. Regardless of the reasons, physical bullying is a dangerous form of bullying that should be handled with the proper authorities in order to avoid additional problems from arising. Cyberbullying The final… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Essay

exists as a collection of progressive moments that culminated in what American law enforcement is today. Although American has improved its law enforcement methods, there are problems that have led to a desire for reform. Essay Hook The American criminal justice system has roots going as far back as the 18th century. What began as a rebellion against England became a fight for independence and a chance at true freedom; this freedom brought with it a responsibility to serve and protect. Thesis Statement This essay will show how the American criminal justice system has changed from its beginnings in… Continue Reading...

Social Media Essay

and do business. b.  However, social media has also become a useful tool for sociologists, politicians, and law enforcement. c.  Different social media platforms have different strengths and weaknesses, based on their security or privacy settings, their algorithms, and their user interfaces. II.  Various Social Media Platforms? a. Facebook 1. The most popular. As of June 2017, Facebook has 2 billion monthly users (https://techcrunch.com/2017/06/27/facebook-2-billion-users/) 2. Facebook is a global social media platform. b.  Instagram 1. Image-driven, with 800 million active users each month (https://www.statista.com/statistics/253577/number-of-monthly-active-instagram-users/) 2. Interfaces well with other social media like Twitter c.  LinkedIn 1. Designed specifically for career… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

of the crime.  ISIL/ISIS took responsibility for the crime, but law enforcement did not find any evidence that anyone other than the two perpetrators committed the crime.  It seems like another incident of ISIS inspiring radicalized people to take terrorist actions without having any responsibility or direction for actually planning the attacks. In December 2015, a married couple opened fire on the Inland Regional Center in San Bernadino, killing 14 people and seriously injuring over 20 others.  The husband was a U.S.-born citizen and the wife was a lawful permanent resident of the United States.  They were eventually killed… Continue Reading...

Dark Net Essay

and services.  Some of those marketplaces have been successfully targeted by law enforcement, but as soon as one disappears, others pop up to take their place.  The dark net is used for buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  However, the most nefarious use of the dark net may be its role in facilitating human trafficking and child pornography. Finding a criminal marketplace is relatively simple once a person has gotten into… Continue Reading...

Robert Mueller Investigation Essay

in the investigation? III.  Conclusion Introduction The Robert Mueller Investigation is a Special Counsel Investigation by United States law enforcement into whether there was any collusion between Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and any foreign power to influence the election.  The investigation specifically focuses on whether there was any collusion between the Trump campaign and the Russian government, which the investigation has already established made attempts to influence the campaign’s outcome.  The investigation was initially handled by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), but in May 2017 Robert Mueller was appointed as a United States Special Counsel to head the investigation. This… Continue Reading...

Sociology and the Death Penalty

to the law of the land). Instead it is slow and often unfair—as seen in many cases where corrupt law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges condemn innocent men (like in the case of Steven Avery of Making of a Murderer, who was falsely accused of murder, locked away in prison for years, and then finally exonerated when the real criminal was caught). However, in a society where the justice system is actually fair and just and not corrupted by men with prejudice and bias, it can work and the death penalty can be used as a deterrent in order… Continue Reading...

Implications Of Augmented Reality

on its capabilities to develop scams that harm innocent users. This will in turn create new demands on law enforcement agencies to develop better measures for handling such activities and criminals. In conclusion, augmented reality has emerged as a common buzzword in the modern world, particularly in the field of technology. This concept continues to have significant impacts on today’s society given its increased adoption and use. In light of its current state, its expected that augmented reality will become a common feature of business operations in the future and create an environment where people are dependent on its… Continue Reading...

The Virginia Tech Shooting

people before taking his own life within the space of 10 minutes (Johnson, 2007). How the Dorm Shooting Impacted law enforcement’s Response law enforcement locked down West Ambler Johnston Hall until 9 a.m., at which point students were permitted to attend the rest of their morning classes. However, other offices in the school—such as the president’s offices were still under lockdown, which indicates that law enforcement severely bungled their job of protecting students. The dorm shooting led law enforcement to believe the situation was contained and confined to the dorm. Cho, however, had moved on to the campus to make… Continue Reading...

Dark Web, Darknet, Deep Web Essay

illegal goods and services.  Some of those marketplaces have been successfully targeted by law enforcement, but as soon as one disappears, others pop up to take their place.  The dark net is used for buying and selling drugs; buying and selling weapons; buying and selling fake IDs; trafficking in counterfeit goods; and buying and selling credit card information, social security numbers, and other information necessary for identity theft.  However, the most nefarious use of the dark net may be its role in facilitating human trafficking and child pornography. Finding a criminal marketplace is relatively simple once a person has… Continue Reading...

Miranda Vs. Arizona Case Brief Essay

March 13, 1963 where he was identified by a complaining witness (Samaha, 2012).   law enforcement officers took him to an Investigation Room where he was questioned before the two officers came out with a written confession that he signed.  During the questioning, Miranda was not notified that he had a right to an attorney and was notified of the need for voluntary confession after making his oral confession.  The written confession was then admitted into evidence at his trial before a jury despite objections from the defense counsel.  The court then found him guilty of kidnapping and rape and… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

many states, arguably such money is better invested into improving law enforcement and drug treatment efforts, versus the expense of bringing death penalty cases to trial. The US Supreme Court has also increasingly limited the range and type of offenses which may receive the death penalty. Proportionality is a key criteria for allocating the ultimate punishment to prisoners, according to the Court. In the case Coker v. Georgia, the US Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty cannot be applied to rape cases (“Death penalty,” 2017). Interestingly enough, one of the arguments used by the court in Coker was… Continue Reading...

Gun Control Essay

the most notable being the assault weapons ban, part of the 1994 Violent Crime Control and law enforcement Act. (Jacobs) Keeping assault weapons away from the public became the new aim for the American government. Most in part due to the increased level of gang violence experienced in the 1980’s and 1990’s. Understanding Gun Control Gun Control is defined as limiting the access to guns and certain types of guns, to the public. (Jacobs) This was shown in the various acts passed by Congress since the 1930’s. Why there is gun control is hard to answer. The United States… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

not share leadership and do not overlap, which makes it far more difficult for law enforcement to target a terrorist organization.  This effective use of terrorist cells was globally devastating, “al-Qaeda was linked—whether directly or indirectly—to more attacks in the six years following September 11 than it had been in the six years prior, including attacks in Jordan, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Israel, Algeria, and elsewhere” (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2016).  Meanwhile, the organization was extremely effective at using social media and the Internet as both a recruiting device and a means of spreading terror.  The U.S. found its leader,… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality Essay

risk of being targets of police brutality. While police brutality has plagued law enforcement since its inception, it has often been hidden and ignored.  However, the prevalence of cell phones cameras and the ease with which citizens can record such actions has made it much more difficult to ignore police brutality. In fact, the modern debate over police brutality was prompted by footage of the killing of an unarmed African American teenager, Mike Brown, in Ferguson Missouri. [caption id="attachment_1265" align="alignnone" width="544"] "Police Brutality Rally" Source: https://c1.staticflickr.com/4/3797/9275115968_8602ec9b58_b.jpg[/caption] The Black Lives Matter Movement On August 9, 2014, Michael Brown, was shot repeatedly… Continue Reading...

The Importance Of Cultural Awareness

fundamental importance of fostering cross-cultural awareness at all levels of law enforcement and public service. Cross-cultural awareness requires ongoing training and education. At all points of contact with members of the community, police officers and civilian employees can develop communications skills that include active listening and empathy. References Beghtol, M.J. (1988). Hmong refugees and the US health system. Cultural Survival. https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/hmong-refugees-and-us-health-system Chan, K. (2016). America’s reaction to cupping reveals cultural health bias. The Establishment. https://theestablishment.co/americas-reaction-to-cupping-reveals-cultural-health-bias-c6d4ad277255 Orrick, D. (2017). “Tree Stand Murders” recounts St. Paul man’s Wisconsin deer hunter killings. Twin Cities Pioneer Press. https://www.twincities.com/2015/03/21/tree-stand-murders-recounts-st-paul-mans-wisconsin-deer-hunter-killings/ Continue Reading...

Models Of Policing

policing (OMP), community-oriented policing (COP) and reactive policing are three different models of policing that are used within law enforcement agencies in the U.S. This paper will compare these three models of policing. It will also discuss which models would benefit the most from effective crime analysis. OMP is a model of policing that stems from the theory of “broken windows” defined by Wilson and Kelling (1982). The broken windows theory states that if a community allows itself to be physically neglected, it will attract crime. Graffiti, litter, abandoned buildings and broken windows are all signs that a community… Continue Reading...

Kent State Shooting

the book, which also includes commentary from abroad, interviews with law enforcement, and analyses of how the event did and did not change American society and politics. Hariman, Robert and Lucaites, John Louis. “Dissent and emotional management in a liberal-democratic society: The Kent state iconic photograph.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 5-31. This article takes a unique approach to the study of the Kent State protest and subsequent shootings, focusing on media coverage and responses to the iconic photographs of the event. The authors show how visual imagery of historical events can construct popular narratives, shaping… Continue Reading...

Global Operations Management

terrorism. You might also have to deal with a culture of bribery and organized crime, with little or no law enforcement able to help you” (Ashe-Edmonds, 2017). This can be an incredibly treacherous way to do business, and for some companies, it’s just not worth the marked savings in manufacturing overseas. Depending on what is occurring within the foreign nation politically there might be unexpected price hikes that could leave one feeling blind-sided. These are all issues that the average entrepreneur and American company need to keep in consideration. Moreover, it’s also crucial to bear in mind that developing… Continue Reading...

Gender and Culture in Crime

in criminal justice, it is not enough the women investigators, lawyers, judges, researchers, academics and law enforcement officers be represented on television shows and in films. They also have to be represented in the real world and they should be encouraged to publish on their own and offer a unique perspective that is independent of and not necessarily informed by the male perspective. In order to achieve true diversity in the criminal justice field, professionals within criminal justice must begin acknowledging the contribution that women can make to the field and to the discipline, whether via their research and… Continue Reading...

Police Killings

issues have enjoyed a certain degree of success, others have proven unsuccessful. The issue of poor law enforcement relations with communities and police abuse of authority continues to acutely plague several communities in the country. The incidents at Baltimore and Baton Rouge highlight the urgent need to tackle this problem. Though all cases (Ferguson, New York, Baltimore, Baton Rouge, and Minneapolis, to name a few) are unique, they are characterized by one highly disturbing similarity – implicit racial prejudice and unwarranted use of official force against Black Americans, especially male Black Americans. The incidents underline the extremely acute racial… Continue Reading...

The Active Shooter Crisis in America

carrying out an attack (Capellan 397). Furthermore, it may be helpful for law enforcement to differentiate between different personality profiles and features to develop improved responses to active shooters. As Capellan points out, some active shooters do a lot more pre-planning than others, and those are the same type that tends to be ideologically motivated (407). Similarly, mass murderers and lone wolves also tend to share characteristics in common even though they may be perceived differently and portrayed differently in the media (Capellan 398). Whether or not a suspect has been ideologically motivated is less important overall than teaching civilians… Continue Reading...

Immigration in America

other words, states and cities are obligated to provide health care, education and law enforcement for illegal immigrants if they reside within their jurisdiction (Congressional Budget Office, 2007, p. 1), and this is where costs can add up for the tax paying American according to the Republican point of view. However, as Democrats point out, many illegal immigrants do actually pay taxes, too, which may be surprising for many Republicans who tend to view them as feeders or leeches on the American welfare system—taking and never giving anything back. But this is not the case: as the Institute on… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

encourage a culture of health in Puerto Santa Lucia. The mayor also needs to work closely with local law enforcement, which needs to embrace the community policing model more readily and involve the public in the decision-making process related to patrols, and non-antagonistic interactions with residents. Proposed Course of Action I. Form coalitions and workgroups A. Public-Private Partnerships B. Civil engineering and public works projects C. Parks service II. Delegate tasks to each workgroup III. Monitor results IV. Self-assessments A. City council and executive level administrative assessments B. Quantitative analyses 1. Health outcomes a. Obesity: Measured by rates and… Continue Reading...

Tools for Crime Analysis

of crime analysis is to determine trends or patterns. Identifying trends and patterns helps law enforcement administrators and public officials to direct resources appropriately in order to prevent and respond to crime. There are three types of crime analysis: tactical, strategic, and administrative. Each of these types of crime analysis involves gathering, collecting, and analyzing aggregate crime data. Administrative crime analysis helps municipalities plan their resources, and is especially important for making financial and human resources decisions, as well as evidence-based changes to public policy. Strategic crime analysis helps police departments make their own administrative decisions with the resources… Continue Reading...

Escobar’s “bloody Christmas

In other words, all throughout the 20th century there has been tension between the Hispanic community in L.A. and law enforcement. Escobar shows that leading up to Bloody Christmas, the police department had been very corrupt, had been taking bribes from individuals involved in prostitution, gambling and liquor establishments and had been persecuting organized labor as well. The Mexican American community on the other hand was trying to clear its name from charges of being “criminally inclined” by the LAPD (Escobar, 2003, p. 178). A culture war was truly underway in L.A. in that era, as powerful business and… Continue Reading...

Modus Operandi Of a Crime Series

(2011). Crime pattern definitions for Tactical Analysis. Standards Methods and Technology (SMT) Committee. FAS. (2018). law enforcement Intelligence Classifications, Products, and Dissemination. Retrieved from https://fas.org/irp/agency/doj/lei/chap6.pdf   Continue Reading...

Approaches to Psychological Profiling

2) the victim profile, 3) the DNA profile, and 4) the geographic profile. Offender profiling involves obtaining information from law enforcement regarding the types of people who commit crimes (Douglass & Burgess, 1986). From the data compiled about crimes and individuals who commit crimes, an offender profile is developed to identify the type of person who might commit crime. These types are categorized according to crime, with a specific profile developed for a specific crime. For example, the profile of an individual who might be an arsonist would differ from the profile of an individual who might be a… Continue Reading...

How Social Media Has Changed the World

in the Digital Era provide to individuals, businesses, organizations, governments and law enforcement all over the world. This paper will show that modern communication technology has many benefits for people today and that these tools have, in fact, changed the world for the better by 1) connecting more human beings than ever before, 2) allowing information to flow and be shared more easily than ever before, and 3) allowing people to overcome time and space barriers so that they can work together and assist one another with ideas, guidance, directions, and assistance with medical issues, finances, education and more.… Continue Reading...

Security at Bay Street Shopping Mall

in which security clearing plans for the mall would be organized taking into consideration the necessity of law enforcement to sustain and interview onlookers. This is a major shortcoming owing to the reason that since the emergency response plan is not fully comprehended by personnel then it is deemed ineffective. Another major shortcoming within the mall’s security plans and procedures in preparing for emergencies takes into account the lack of collaboration between the mall security with the security personnel of the major mall anchor stores. Specifically, in the Bay Street mall, the only way of communication between these the… Continue Reading...

Diversity Training in Law Enforcement

Interview with a Metropolitan Police Officer Diversity training is important for law enforcement because, as this interview shows, it helps officers to be more comfortable, confident, and effective in dealing with diverse members of the community to defuse situations and keep them from escalating to a point where violence and force become necessary. Summary of the Interview The person I interviewed is a metropolitan police officer in the local city where I live. I know the individual from grade school days and have kept in contact with him over the years. Now… Continue Reading...

Fbi Uniform Crime Reports

divorce, etc.); cultural, religious, educational and recreational factors; effective law enforcement organizational strength; law enforcement’s investigative and administrative focus; prosecutorial, probational, judicial, and correctional policies; and residents’ crime reporting trends and crime-related attitudes (Freilich et al., 2014). Additional factors contributing to the determination of an area’s crime levels and nature include the aggressiveness, human resource, and other strengths of the law enforcement body of the area. While the publication offers data on the numbers of civilian and sworn personnel, it may not be utilized as the sole basis for assessing community emphasis on law enforcement. For instance, one locality… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organization and Management

they might not otherwise obtain. The paramilitary model not only gives law enforcement officers the knowledge and skills regarding how to use force in an effective manner, it also gives police a type of professionalism that helps them to be more organized and opposed to corrupting influences (Potter, 2013). I believe that the paramilitary model adopted by police organizations is effective in some ways but has its limitations in others. For that reason, I think that it should be balanced out by a model of policing that takes into account the fact that police are not engaged in a… Continue Reading...

Apa Style: Benefits Of Practice

Retrieved from http://www.plagiarism.org Jaramillo, F., Nixon, R., & Sams, D. (2005). The effect of law enforcement stress on organizational commitment. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 28(2), 321-336. Lindblom, C. E. (2010). The science of "muddling" through. Emergence: Complexity and Organization, 12(1), 70-80. Critical Thinking and Belief Perseverance It is true that I can be a very opinionated person. I cannot entirely apologize for this fact. But although I may be a passionate person, I am aware of the fact that I need to exercise my critical faculty, particularly when engaged in scholarship. A good example of… Continue Reading...

Emergency Response Crisis Management and Cert

promoting the integration of services like first aid and emergency response, law enforcement, and federal agencies like FEMA or the Department of Homeland Security. During the process of recovery or maintaining business continuity, CERT also mitigates problems by helping coordinate resources and continuity of services. Response Response requires both strategic planning and the ability to react using creative and critical thinking skills. CERT teams are trained in effective response measures, and also help primary stakeholders become more effective responders too. A response can be coordinated and effective, but it can also be chaotic and lead to the exacerbation of… Continue Reading...

Emergency Management and National, State, County, and Local Responses

response to disasters is only one of many needed approaches to disaster management. Intelligence gathering and coordinating with federal law enforcement, for example, is an important part of preparedness and prevention. Police also establish a presence in communities to ensure that they can better know the needs of residents and establish trust, if they must intervene during times of disaster and crisis. Prevention of high-risk behavior is also critical. On the police website, it is evident that the organization plays a vital educational role to mitigate disasters on a national and personal level, including providing advice to the public… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

Americans and Mexicans. Racial bias is seen at the local as well as federal levels, with local law enforcement officials increasingly engaging in the locating of illegal immigrants. With time, the part played by racism and race in US immigration-related regulations has changed. Regulations explicitly targeting specific groups for exclusion or inclusion cannot be justified eugenically any longer. Still, immigration policies and laws leaving room for a significant contribution of race towards enforcement aren’t tolerated, but usually embraced by migration restrictionists. They normally feature considerable discretion for front-line authorities who prioritize cases and ascertain when surveillance takes place. Safeguards… Continue Reading...

Conducting a Security Assessment Of a Building

This assessment will be conducted for the Sun Tower, in Vancouver. Local law enforcement is provided by the Vancouver Police Department.. The area is patrolled very regularly. There is a major station 1km east and the headquarters is 1.5 km to the south. The nearest fire department is a major station that is across the street from the nearest police department. The nearest hospital is St. Paul's Hospital, which is about 2km to the southwest. There is a station for BC Ambulance Services about 2km away to the east. It is anticipated that VPD will have… Continue Reading...

Natural Disasters Terrorist Events and Technological Disasters

shooting people in the area. Incidents like these demonstrate the importance for local law enforcement and other first responders to properly prepare for different types of terrorist attacks and to respond in a coordinated, organized, and efficient manner. Because terrorist attacks are not necessarily predictable and can involve diverse weapons including biological and chemical weapons or weapons of mass destruction, first responders are continually challenged to come up with creative solutions for minimizing damage and ensuring a rapid and effective recovery process. Unlike technological disasters, terrorist events are not accidental. References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Boston Marathon Bombings

bombings, including the role of first responders and the law enforcement community. Following the case study analysis, a summary of the research and key findings concerning the Boston Marathon bombings are presented in the conclusion. Review and Analysis The 199th running of the Boston Marathon proceeded without incident until around 2:49 p.m. when the first of two homemade bombs made from pressure cookers and filled with shrapnel and nails were detonated near the finish line. The second bomb was detonated just 13 seconds later, and the devastation caused by these two bombs was severe. In this regard, Lonky (2017)… Continue Reading...

Differences Between Proprietary and Contract Security

more common than many people in the general public realize, often replacing or at least operating contiguously with public law enforcement. For example, the City of San Jose (2013) uses contract security for many of its public works facilities. Doing so helps save the city money, while still providing the requisite security strategies and protection at high stakes targets. When it comes to concerns about background checks, overall honesty and integrity, fraud or deception, both the private sector and the public are understandably concerned when outsourcing security services. Organizations like the National Association of Legal Investigators (NALI, 2018) offers… Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

if unsure of anonymity. Moreover, anonymity ensures participants are safeguarded from authorities like law enforcement agencies who might be interested in their identification and tracking at some later date (Bhattacherjee, 2012). Disclosure. Research scholars are normally obliged to offer potential participants some information pertaining to the research (e.g., information on study purpose, research scholars, expected outcomes, parties with the potential to derive benefits from study outcomes, etc.) prior to the data acquisition stage, for helping them decide on whether to continue participation or not. But, in certain instances, disclosure of this information can end up biasing participant responses. For… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Social Change

a general decline in respect for the law and law enforcement because of hostility to Prohibition, crime increased as a whole. Moonshine became popular in rural areas (manufactured in secret) while speakeasies and secret nightclubs where liquor was served became popular in cities. Defying the law became a fun, social experience and criminals were lionized rather than feared. Q4. How did the Cold War impact the Civil Rights Movement? In what ways did the war help? How did it hurt? Although World War II and the subsequent Cold War clearly led to a loss of life and many devastating… Continue Reading...

Proposed Solutions to the Homeless Problem

by the mayor. The action steps call for volunteers to work with law enforcement along with health care providers to work with shelters and case workers so that every aspect of the problem of homelessness is given equal attention and nothing is left unnoticed. Lacey’s biggest strength in this script, therefore, is her attention to detail which is especially helpful in laying out the solutions to the problem of homelessness and the underlying issues—such as drug use and addiction—that make this problem so prevalent in the city in the first place. Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Current Event

showing perhaps that preparedness is the key to mitigating risks in the future. law enforcement should work with schools to train teachers and students to be calm and composed, as well as competent. References Anderson, C. (2018). Official: Shotgun in guitar case was used in school shooting. The Miami Herald. http://www.miamiherald.com/latest-news/article209421824.html Continue Reading...

Statistical Data Usage in Criminal Justice Leadership

detailed, accurate, and meaningful data than the summary reporting system. Armed with such information, law enforcement can better make a case to acquire the resources needed to fight crime.? · NIBRS enables agencies to find similarities in crime-fighting problems so that agencies can work together to develop solutions or discover strategies for addressing the issues (Sibley, 2015). Using the kind of statistical data obtained from such an instruments makes leaders more informed and more effective in setting a variety of policies. Statistical data usage can also be helpful in producing criminal justice research in support of community policing. For… Continue Reading...

School Security Management

were entrusting their children. Thus, they were essentially the first and last line of defense. That said, the local law enforcement department was on hand and could be on the scene within minutes if something bad happened—but teacher and administrators still had to make the call and know what to do when the alarm was triggered. For that reason, non-security personnel have to be trained in handling security risks, threats and attacks. If there is a breach, they have to know how to respond. They also have to know how to prevent breaches from occurring in the first place.… Continue Reading...

What It Means to Plagiarize

bosses; 2) because they sense that there is not a very strongly unified team of law enforcement officers in the department but rather a loose-knit arrangement of individuals mostly doing their own thing; and 3) because they feel that there is no room for them to move up in the organization (Jaramillo, Nixon & Sams, 2005). For these reasons, turnover rates in policing can be high if these three areas are not addressed by management—which is why law enforcement managers have to be aware of these issues if they are going to manage effectively and retain officers in their… Continue Reading...

Marketing the Police Department

Executive Summary: Annual Marketing Plan Introduction The annual marketing plan for the local law enforcement organization Ft. Mitchell Police Department is based on the budget of the department, which is financed by the public: state, local and federal taxes as well as bonds all go into financing the budget of the Ft. Mitchell PD. The budget is used to pay officers’ salaries, pensions, equipment, and so on. It is also used to fund the annual marketing plan of the department. Situation Analysis The Ft. Mitchell PD is in need of re-branding itself following a local scandal involving some of its… Continue Reading...

Two Sides to Every Story Kashmir Today

question occurred on July 8, 2016 when a joint operation by paramilitary and law enforcement authorities killed the highly popular Burhan Wani and two of his rebel associates. Reports of the Wani’s death quickly circulated via social media through the subcontinent but especially in Kashmir. The reaction to his death was immediate, intense and widespread throughout Kashmir and Pakistan. During the ensuing mass protests in Kashmir and Pakistan, more than 4,000 security personnel and more nearly as many civilians have been killed and thousands more injured, many of them severely. Since that time, photographs of Wani have widely circulated… Continue Reading...

Federal State and Local First Responders Earthquake

may be called in for assistance. Most first responders will be from local organizations like law enforcement and fire departments as well as emergency medical technicians who will arrive on the scene for triage and medical intervention for saving lives and reducing the extent and severity of injuries. Local branches of the Red Cross may also be involved as first responders. Then, each state will have its own list of governmental and non-governmental first responder agencies that can deploy more resource-intensive needs requiring specialized equipment or personnel. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA, 2018), which is part of… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

also make recommendations based on the assessment of this theory. 2 One common ethical obligation or issue facing psychologists in law enforcement is the whether profiling is a professional and ethical approach to law enforcement (Wilson, Lincoln & Kocsis, 1997). In corrections, the issue facing psychologists is whether facilities should be used as a form of punishment for crimes or as an opportunity to rehabilitate individuals. In the courts system, one issue faced by psychologists is whether plea bargaining is helpful or hurtful to clients aims, or whether prosecutors will apply undue pressure in order to get a plea just to… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

work in school will pay off in greater access to opportunities in their own chosen career path. Finally, judges and law enforcement officers have the discretion to make decisions that benefit the poor rather than continue to stack cards against them. law enforcement officers, judges, and other stakeholders could take a stand by refusing to blame the poor, or to criminalize one’s inability to pay rent. Additionally, the entire housing system could be redesigned so that low-income housing has much less of a profit motive than it does, and more of a cooperative system that promotes the economic empowerment of… Continue Reading...

How Religion Works Today

them, quiet them, or agitate (“excite”) them. Many politicians have this same role in this country, as do law enforcement personnel, firemen, and even healthcare practitioners. All of this subservience to authority figures in the U.S. stems from religion, which is greatly alluded to in the previous quotation by Durkheim. In summary, Durkheim’s theory of religion is much more insightful about the role of religion in the United States today than is Marx’s concept of ideology. Durkheim tacitly posits religion as the most dominant ideology to influence the actions of man. In contrast, Marx merely alludes to the power… Continue Reading...

Strategies to Improve Collaboration and Cooperation Between the Homeland Security Agencies

getting into agreements with the international partners and the national law enforcement (DHS, 2018). This helps encourage cooperation and enhance information sharing in order to narrow down on any transnational threats without compromising trade and travel (DHS, 2018). In combating the detrimental crime of human trafficking DHS initiated the blue movement which entails advanced training for local and state enforcement officers. The blue movement entails international radio, video, and print campaign, multilingual awareness campaigns locally in newspapers printed in fifty foreign languages, assistance materials for victims distributed at the entry port, as well as the DHS website which offers… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Organized Crime

Chicago seem to have evolved today according to Lombardo (McCauley, 2015). What are some of the ways that law enforcement agencies are working to reduce these types of organized crime in the area you chose? After an incident where an excess of 40 people got shot in Chicago, the office of the mayor in collaboration with the police department came up with a strategy aimed at streamlining the coordination of activities between law enforcement and city departments. This would allow the two departments to collaborate in the sharing of intelligence information and resources necessary in curbing of gang violence (Childress,… Continue Reading...

Comparing Nations Civil Order Control

Order Control Civil order control has become a necessary aspect of modern day law enforcement. Inherent in civil order control, however, are a number of problems that have to be addressed in order for it to be effectively implemented, such as societal attitudes, law enforcement norms, and so on. As Roberson and Das (2015) point, in civil order control “there is often a strong political component to the activities being controlled” (p. 72). The reason for this is that whenever a situation occurs that is a threat to civil order, it is basically a threat to the government of the… Continue Reading...

The Characteristics and Attributes Of Biometrics

social services, control of physical access, network access, telecommunication, law enforcement etc. Biometrics can be used a deterrent to criminal activities and terrorism as well. References Dorizzi, B. (2013). Introduction to Biometrics. Signal and Image Processing for Biometrics, 1– 13. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118561911.ch1 Jain, A. K., Ross, A., & Prabhakar, S. (2004). An Introduction to Biometric Recognition. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 14(1), 4–20. https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSVT.2003.818349 Jaiswal, S. (2011). BIOMETRIC: CASE STUDY. Journal of Global Research in Computer Science. Volume 2, No. 10. http://www.rroij.com/open-access/biometric-case-study-19- 49.pdf Jaiswal, S., Bhadauria, D. S. S., & Jadon, D. R. S. (2011). Biometric: Case Study. Journal of… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

laws. When enforcement emphasizes on equality and not undermine the Ethiopian law enforcement officers or disrespect Ethiopian citizens, other citizens will begin to respect their neighbors. Important influences such as celebrities must be open to integrating their work and respecting their coworkers to begin the cycle of positive treatment. Israel is one of the few countries located in the Middle East which is democratized. For existing 70 years, the country has done much with their government and society; however, it still has a long way to go in order to maintain their power. With the increasing of Ethiopian immigrants,… Continue Reading...

Federal Agency Anti-drug Unit Interview

in society. My interviewee came from a family line of law enforcement officers, so it was something that came naturally to him. He explained the nature of his job, why he feels it is his duty, and how his work affects him. "I have seen a lot in my tenure," he says, with a passive expression on his face. "In my experience, it's the role of the parents. They set the boundaries for their children. In order to ensure that our children distance themselves from anything that could affect their nature, parents must be very hands on with the… Continue Reading...

Improving Collaboration Between Agencies

second ranking administrators, particular components in regards to collaborative implementation of regulations between the Seattle law enforcement agency Division and the King County Sheriff’s Agency were termed challenging. There were vague guidelines in segmentation of power. In particular, it was observed that the designated authorities were complacent in the isometrics in lieu of the fact that there were high expectations accorded to them (Hagen, 2006). Bureaucrats who execute regulations are mandated with the safe keeping of citizens. The success of their role in mitigating threats, getting to scenes of crime swiftly as well as acting as detectives depend on… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Process and Victims

roles in the criminal justice process. The components include the law enforcement agencies, prosecution, the court system, defense attorneys and correction centers (Purpura, 1997) There are several significant steps in a felony criminal process beginning form reporting of crime to the conviction of the offender. The sequence of events can be subclassified into entry into the system (report, investigation, and arrest), Prosecution (Charging, Arraignment, Preliminary Hearing) Adjudication (Trials) and Post Trial (Sentencing, Appeal) (National Center for Victims of Crime, 2019; Frances & Nicholas, 2011) 1. Reporting Crime The criminal justice process begins with reporting of an alleged crime to… Continue Reading...

Public Administration Government and Interagency Relationships

account multiple disparate stakeholders (Marcella, 2004). Interagency partnerships also flourish in law enforcement and criminal justice, as with the Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces (United States Department of Justice, 2017). Rescue, relief, and emergency management also highlights the benefits of interagency partnerships in accounting for the various strengths and jurisdictions of local, state, and federal agencies as well as external entities like non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector (Hagen, 2006). The success of many interagency partnerships does not obscure the fact that there are potential problems with formalizing such relationships. Problems include unnecessary redundancy, inefficiency, and… Continue Reading...

Developing an Annex for an Emergency

Command and respond with fire suppression if needed, rescue operations and coordination with EMS. Local law enforcement will be responsible for securing the area, providing security at the scene, controlling traffic, and evacuating personnel. In the event of a train derailment, Level 2: State Office of Emergency Management will assume Incident Command. Local Fire will coordinate with Hazmat, which will remove hazardous materials and facilitate in the clean-up with local FD. Local law enforcement will continue to provide security for the scene and evacuate the premises. In the event of a train derailment, Level 3: FEMA will assume Incident… Continue Reading...

Securing a School Compound

the first floor should also be established so that coordination between all guard booths and towers plus with local law enforcement can be in place. This office will contain a locked weapons cache in case of a break-in or existential threat to the compound occurs. The guard station inside the school should be equipped with monitors of every CCTV camera inside and outside the compound so that this station serves as the main brain of the security force. The guard station will also monitor cameras in the school hallways on every floor in the event that a threat has… Continue Reading...

Use Of Force by Police

the former president of the National Organization of Black law enforcement Executives, holds the view that force is excessive if the police officer’s life is not in danger (Vera, 2018). The California Assembly Bill 931 allowed the police to use excess force when the offender threatens to injure or kill, and there is no alternative action that can prevent such harm, say verbal warning, yelling, grabbing, demobilization, and other mild methods. A good example is the 2016 scenario where a Chicago police officer upon arresting a criminal by the name Parta Huff was given a thorough beating by the… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

or things to be seized” (U.S. Const. amend. IV). While numerous court cases have shown that law enforcement must give notice before breeching a person’s privacy— Wilson v. Arkansas (514 U.S. 927, 931-932, 1995), Miller v. United States (357 U.S. 301, 1958) and Sabbath v. United States (391 U.S. 585, 1968)—others have shown that law enforcement agents are not required to do so— Hudson v. Michigan 547 U.S. 586, 2008)—for example. In terms of searching and seizing a person’s electronic devices, the Electronic Privacy Control Act of 1986 has been instrumental in transforming the manner in which law enforcement has… Continue Reading...

Opioid Crisis in the United States

that costs of lost productivity, healthcare and addiction treatment as well as adjudication of  criminal cases by the law enforcement community (Opioid overdose crisis, 2019). The purpose of this paper is to review the relevant literature to provide a concise description of opioids, the causes of the current crisis, and a summary of the most recent statistics concerning the number of fatalities caused by opioids in recent years. In addition, an assessment concerning what can be done to stem this ugly trend is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the current opioid epidemic in… Continue Reading...

How Race and Ethnicity Affect Police Brutality

of an atmosphere in which blacks are treated with bias by law enforcement officers, even if law enforcement officers do not realize their bias. This type of bias occurs quite frequently. If one is a minority, one is far more likely to be a target of police brutality than if one is a white person, just based on the percentages. While white people are still the recipients of police violence more so than blacks, just based solely on the numbers, the numbers show a disproportionate amount of violence with respect to population size of each groups. The main cause… Continue Reading...

Racism in Birmingham Alabama

in need of support, as blacks were extremely underrepresented in law enforcement—i.e., there were no blacks on the police force in a city that was half African-American (Garrow). Blacks were routinely paid less than whites in the city; their churches were being bombed on a regular basis and had been so for two decades running (Branch), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had even been banned—not just in Birmingham but throughout the whole state of Alabama. Clearly there was a need for something to be done. That was why MLK saw Birmingham as an… Continue Reading...

Development and Education Of Security Management

security managers in numerous ways; Local-level security managers now expect increased, and improved, operational support and training from state law enforcement officials like never before, particularly after the 9/11 attacks. Of particular importance are training, forensic science, technical support, cybercrime-related assistance, and specialized services (Davis et al., 2006). Further, state- level agencies have offered additional technical support and training to local-level security organizations. Terrorism has caused local security management to adopt multiple steps for improving preparedness, including revising and improving mutual support agreements for general crises, amending CBR (chemical, biological, radiological) incident response plans, and performing risk evaluations. These mutual… Continue Reading...

Future Of Policing Law Enforcement

integral to all other community organizations and institutions. Collaborative and strategic partnerships will help law enforcement achieve the goals it shares in common with other social and political organizations. Reforming community relations, improving trust and accountability, and working together with stakeholders are some of the keynotes of twenty-first century policing models. According to the IACP (2018) policing will change in the upcoming years by focusing on both internal and external issues. This means that in addition to the externalities of community relationships and strategic partnerships, police organizations are also changing their organizational culture and climate. Leadership styles need to… Continue Reading...

Big Data in Criminology and Law Enforcement

Investigation (FBI). The UCR is subdivided into the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), the Summary Reporting System (SRS), the law enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) Program, and the Hate Crime Statistics Program, each of which track specific types of crime data (FBI, 2018). Another major crime data system used in the United States is the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). A similar tool has been used on an international scale with the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) International Crime Victims Survey (ICVS). Finally, the United Nations Office on Drugs… Continue Reading...

Minor Child Sexual Assault

the purpose of the issues surfacing from this research, the gaps existing three human services providers: Child Care Homes, law enforcement, and Child Protection will be revised within the case’s context. There exists numerous gaps within service delivery, which contribute to the prevalent risk factors for abuse victims. Child Protection Agency Within this case, the Child Protection Agency is considered as the governmental agency for child protection. Even though its main role cannot be completely established within the boundaries of this particular case, its divided approach in addressing child abuse has left behind several gaps. Though this governmental agency… Continue Reading...

Private Security and Homeland Security

has been a growing understanding of the need and appreciation for the private sector security industry: “ law enforcement-private security partnerships have been viewed as critical to preventing terrorism and terror-related acts” (U.S. Department of Justice, 2005, p. vii). As 85% of the U.S.’s infrastructure is overseen and protected by the private security sector, it was deemed incumbent that collaboration and partnership with the private sector be activated following 9/11 (U.S. Department of Justice, 2005). Yet, this type of collaboration did not suddenly come into being just after 9/11. On the contrary, collaboration between private security and national security has… Continue Reading...

Toxicology Testing

to test for illicit substances and toxins in the blood and other body fluids respectively. In the case of law enforcement, they can use this as evidence if one is charged with ‘Driving under the Influence’, which is a traffic offence. In murder cases, DNA evidence can be used in court to prove a crime with an accuracy of 99.91%. According to Lappas (2016), accused persons are always prosecuted when they are found with illicit substances in their blood stream. Toxins are porous materials, and just like germs, they penetrate the skin and into the human blood stream through… Continue Reading...

Wrongful Convictions Exonerations and Race

stage. According to Colvin (2009) post investigations wrongful accusations by law enforcement, forensic scientists, mistaken eyewitnesses result to investigative errors while errors by adjudicative process occur when the adjudicative framework fails to correct the flaws in the investigative stage resulting in failure of the justice system. Racial Disparity Wrongful convictions are associated with violations of rights and deprivation of rights of innocent victims. While wrongful convictions is a flaw to the justice system, research identifying a race differential compounds the flaw (Smith and Hattery, 2011). Wrongful convictions are disproportionately linked to racial orientation. According to Gould and Leo (2010),… Continue Reading...