Liberty Essays


Are Labor Unions Good or Bad

Unions Oppose Merit Pay? - Econlog - Library of Economics and liberty. Econlog.econlib.org. Retrieved 26 August 2016, from http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2010/10/why_do_unions_o.html Fantz, A. (2016). Teacher 'sickouts' close 94 out of 97 Detroit schools. CNN. Retrieved 26 August 2016, from http://www.cnn.com/2016/05/02/us/detroit-schools-teacher-sickout/ Levy, G. (2016). How Citizens United Has Changed Politics in 5 Years. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 26 August 2016, from http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2015/01/21/5-years-later-citizens-united-has-remade-us-politics Sherk, J. (2013). Voluntary Union Representation: States Should Let Workers Choose Their Representatives. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 26 August 2016, from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/01/voluntary-union-representation-states-should-let-workers-choose-their-representatives Sherk, J. (2016). F.D.R. Warned Us About Public Sector Unions - NYTimes.com. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 26 August… Continue Reading...

The Cost Of Freedom

hard for and won. When countries fight for freedom, when people rise for liberty, they do so because they feel they must. Whether it is a strict government, a deranged dictator, or a highly religious society, people have seen their freedoms limited to varying degrees. The United States has been built upon the idea that freedom should be a basic right. While the country has seen its fair share of battles, with itself and with outsiders, it has maintained this very ideal throughout its history. What is freedom and liberty? Why is it so important that people would risk… Continue Reading...

Guns in the Workplace

from bringing their guns to work, as of now. This then, normally, gives organizations the liberty to formulate their own weapons policies. Of late, however, state laws have been implemented which allow workers to carry firearms to their owners' property so long as workers abide by both state and federal weapons regulations (Writer Thoughts). This again raises the issue of individuals potentially being deprived of a means to protect themselves when commuting to their workplace, if they cannot carry arms within their automobiles and into work settings. In the end, the issue persists with regard to whether state governments… Continue Reading...

Minimum Literacy Skills in the 21st Century

of technology, civics/government and so forth. Even those that espouse the tenets of negative liberty and the right to just live their life, people need to be properly educated. References Berkeley. (2016). What is science?. Undsci.berkeley.edu. Retrieved 6 August 2016, from http://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/whatisscience_01 Flinders. (2016). Learning for life in the 21st Century. Flinders. Retrieved 6 August 2016, from http://www.flinders.edu.au/science-21-files/briefings/Learning%20for%20life%20in%20the%2021st%20Century%20v2.pdf NIPP. (2016). 21st Century Skills for Success - The National Institute for Professional Practice. Professionalpractice.org. Retrieved 6 August 2016, from https://www.professionalpractice.org/about-us/skills_for_success/ NRC. (2010). Science Teacher Readiness for Developing 21st Century Skills. National Academies Press (U.S.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK32691/ NSTA. (2016). NSTA… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

corporate climate conducive to individual motivation, innovativeness and resourcefulness, and affording employees sufficient liberty to work towards set aims and targets. Citizenship: Meeting good citizenship requirements by contributing to not only the community but also the societal institutions responsible for generating the climate the company operates in (Hewlett-Packard, 2016). HRM Contribution to Achievement of Objectives The HP Way integrates the management by objective concept which is the total opposite of managing by control. Employees are given free rein to ascertain, by themselves, how they can best achieve established objectives, thereby promoting entrepreneurial spirit and creative thinking. Managers and subordinates… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Religion

general misconception, however, the Puritans also made lasting contributions to America's tradition of religious liberty by disapproving of an ecclesiastical judiciary, and by cautiously differentiating between civil and religious control; for approximately four generations, the Puritans experienced an unmitigated independence to carry out their political and religious experiments (Elliot, 2002). • Religious groups have been struggling to find the right balance between religion and civil law, however the underlying principles of the need for the separation have been a core component of the country's development. • The balance between the powers of church and state can be complicated in… Continue Reading...

Captain Preston Guilty or Innocent

is the subject of much debate[footnoteRef:1]. [1: Foner, Eric. 2011. Give Me liberty!. New York: W.W. Norton.] Analysis When it comes to Captain Preston, there is not a lot about him that is not in debate. Even the years of his birth and death are disputed by many people. When it comes to his actions at the Boston Massacre, Preston was actually acquitted of all charges at a future point after the slaughter. However, there are many people that wonder aloud whether that was justified given what is known or is asserted to be known[footnoteRef:2]. Preston was among a… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

The shift occurred against the backdrop of ideals such as science, tolerance, liberty, democracy, secularism, free will and humanism. However, the period is also scared with false starts and failures, violent schisms, world wars, imperialism, terrorism, irrational nationalism, extreme religious war, information overload, pollution and the threat of nuclear annihilation that indicate failure of the rational model promised by the Enlightenment. On the premise of this dichotomy of hope and failure, this essay critically demonstrates the failure of the Enlightenment project, especially from a social and moral perspective. The essay particularly considers how Enlightenment has led to the destruction… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

go, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was very much a game-changer when it came to the liberty and rights of minorities. While the law can only go so far, the Civil Rights Act was effective and necessary in that it laid down the gauntlet when it came to racism. Up to that point, the laws and rules about racial discrimination were ambiguous at worst and implied at best. The Civil Rights Act changed all that in that it made it abundantly clear that discrimination based on race, gender, etc. was all illegal and would not be tolerated. The… Continue Reading...

What the Sistine Chapel Ceiling Represents

consents. This specifically medievalist interpretation of these images puts the Sistine Chapel's ceiling at odds with the modern focus on liberty, fraternity and equality: Michelangelo's composition is anti-modern in this sense. It does not promote liberty but rather the need for submission to the will of God; it does not promote fraternity, but rather the fact that man is fallen and in need of spiritual grace which can only come by way of the Savior of the world, predicted by the prophets and sibyls; it does not promote equality, but rather hierarchical values in which man is subject to God… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

being. Therefore, abortion does not qualify to be murder. • A woman owns her body. Thus she has the liberty to decide what goes on inside of herself. • If the pregnancy is as a result of incest or rape, the baby will remind the mother of the trauma she encountered. • Foster homes are already overwhelmed. Sending a child to a foster home is exerting undue pressure on already overstretched facilities. • Abortion is a safe procedure in modern day (Sexinfo, 2014). I think pro-life arguments are stronger because they provide biologically and scientifically authentic facts. It has been… Continue Reading...

Government’s Right to Spy

and hold sources of such information accountable. It is important to note that security and liberty are not incapable concepts. Evidently, the national security agency is pursuing extremely intrusive and illegal surveillance of people's phone calls and electronic communications. It is important for congress to carefully review the strong tools of surveillance that grant the government such right. It should institute mechanisms that guarantee accountability, transparency and oversight. Our nation's security must be guaranteed even as we protect our fundamental liberties that have made us great. Allowing a single faction to accumulate judicial, legislative and executive powers is essentially… Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

a more secure life and safer borders with their desire for freedom, liberty, and safety. The American government once allowed the House Un-American Activities program to persecute its own citizens suspected of being communist, which is why the current reality and Trump's "extreme vetting" rhetoric becomes terrifying: is the government going to revert to Cold War tactics? Will America face another internal Civil War if the citizens are deeply divided about what is more important, liberty or security? The technologies used in Team America: Civil War are not completely unrealistic. It may one day be possible to implant all… Continue Reading...

Medical Marijuana Growing in Butte County

the letter of the law in Butte County have taken the liberty of recommending marijuana usage for patients like Patrick Kelly and Diane Monson. Local Research The issue of medical marijuana in Butte County has clearly been a contentious one, as the research on conflicts between local growers and law enforcement agents suggests, and as the County’s own laws regarding the banning of dispensaries since 2011 indicates.  Beginning in 1996, zoning for medical marijuana usage was permitted, but as the County began to crack down on medical marijuana, the dispensaries began to leave the county.  By 2011, when they… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

that supports capitalism and to spread a worldwide message that combined free enterprise and liberty. The distinctive historical events, which led to withdrawal of funding for regional and Christian educational institutions gave Walmart a chance to step up and offer them financial aid in return for the establishment of meaningful partnerships. This Walmart-educational sector alliance implied that higher education institutions would disproportionately approve of free enterprise, brainwashing pupils, in the process, via the fictitious "entrepreneur" instruction, placing a general emphasis on entrepreneurial functions that stress corporate ethics and character development marketed for practicality. Such free-enterprise pupils would make up… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

code of procedures to protect against self-incrimination during custodial interrogation. The states and the congress have the liberty to develop their unique safeguards for this privilege providing they are as effective as fully informing the suspect of the privilege and the consequences of forfeiting such privilege. However, the issues are constitutional in nature. Therefore, they must be interpreted by the courts. The admissibility of interrogation statements/outcomes in the face of a claim by the defendant that it was acquired in unconstitutional circumstances is a matter that has been handled by the court for a long time. The courts have… Continue Reading...

Ultimate Nutrition Policy Statement

to the health, safety or morals of children (United States Department of Labour, 2016). 2. Employment Chosen at liberty There shall be no use of forced, bonded, or compulsory labor or any other form of labor, which include use of involuntary penitentiary labor, and enslaved or trafficked individuals. This shall also include transporting, concealing, enrolling, shifting or accepting susceptible persons by way of intimidation, force, strong-arming, kidnapping or fraud for exploitation (Fair Labor Association, 2016). All work at Ultimate Nutrition must be chosen and personal shall be free to quit and terminate their employment after giving reasonable advance notice of… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

and therefore cannot be deemed to be infringing on the employee's liberty, confidentiality, and dignity and thus is not immoral (Mintz, 2015). 2. Michael just graduated with a degree in Accounting from State University. He worked hard in school but could only achieve a 2.95 GPA because he worked 40 hours a week to pay his own way through college. Unfortunately, Michael was unable to get a job because the recruiters all had a 3.0 GPA cut-off point. Michael stayed with his college job for another year but is anxious to start his public accounting career. One day he… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and the Canadian Political System

on number not merit whereas the second aspect is the liberty to live as you wish. The strengths of democracy include tolerance of the view of everyone, direct debate on issues, and shared sovereign authority. The weaknesses are vulnerability to mob rule and increased probability of corruption. The Middle Constitution is a form of governance that incorporates both oligarchy and democracy and also involves the middle citizens. Aristotle developed this concept on the basis that the extremes of oligarchy and democracy are discernible and disadvantageous. According to him, a combination of two things is usually the middle point between… Continue Reading...

Choice Theory and Human Behavior

experiences across cultures. People can satisfy their survival, belongingness, authority, fun and liberty needs in numerous ways. Different individuals satisfy the above needs differently. In spite of considerable cultural disparities and the superficial hostility between cultures, people have a shared core. People face identical fundamental struggles. Glasser's choice theory includes multicultural considerations. It supports being firm on universal human necessities, respecting the differences between individuals, and developing positive therapeutic and interpersonal relationships, fostering responsibility, independence, development and understanding (O'Morain, 2016). REFERENCES Mottern, R. (2008). Choice Theory as a Model of Adult Development. International Journal of Reality Therapy, 27(2), 35-39.… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

levels of smoothness). This process represents religion's individualization. This cultural transition has permitted considerable trialing and individual liberty to examine religious alternatives, which have proved critical to, say, the development of the New Age and its fusion of spiritualties and religions (Carrette and Richard 14). But during the latter part of the 20 thcentury, a second kind of privatization occurred, built partly on the prior process, but with major associated discontinuities. It may be considered a wholesale religious commodification: marketing of religious notions, authentic service claims and religious buildings to company or individual profit and promoting the corporate capitalist… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

is a gross assault on the ideals of American liberty and justice. However, as American history shows, the country has always been good at paying lip service to these ideals while simultaneously rejecting them in actual practice with its own policies throughout the years. The Patriot Act and the current Islamaphobia resulting from these policies is but an extension of the WASP agenda that has always existed in American society. Moreover, these policies have not been shown to be effective in making America safer. If anything, they have only worsened America's condition with regard to security. Blowback from wars… Continue Reading...

Personal Versus Professional Values

illegal or counter-productive. Analysis When it comes to Eboni and her viewpoints, one has to remember the concept of negative liberty. Generally, negative liberty refers to the idea that people should be left alone and not harassed when it comes to their personal beliefs and culture. In the vast majority of cases, this is entirely possible and practical even if it is hard for some people to avoid passing judgment. Social workers and people in other fields such as healthcare and the like have to commit to this ideology much more so than others as the likelihood that they will run… Continue Reading...

Chesapeake Middle Colonies Georgia and the Carolinas

Quaker principles and at demonstrating that religion is capable of thriving with total liberty of conscience, even in the absence of governmental support. However, with time, they began struggling with maintaining harmony and at one point, Pennsylvania saw 6 Governors (Tindall and Emory Shi 92). Till end-1500s, Delaware belonged to the Pennsylvania colony. Even during the former half of the eighteenth century, when the formation of a new state occurred, the same individual governed over both. The practice of slavery was rife in Maryland and Virginia (Chesapeake colonies). For instance, by the year 1750, 4 out of 5 Afro-American… Continue Reading...

How Democracy Leads to Tyranny

of Freedom To answer the questions of why De Tocqueville and Mill think that democracy is a threat to the liberty of the individual and whether they are right, this paper will show that both De Tocqueville and Mill viewed democracy as a mechanism that could easily become tyrannical and thus overwhelm one's individual liberty. Considering that democracy in its various forms (direct, representative, constitutional) is capable of being corrupted (voters and/or representatives may be bribed, coerced, misinformed, misled, subjugated, harassed, mobbed, and so on), it is not difficult to see that both Tocqueville and Mill are correct in their… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

Political Philosophy II: Theories of Freedom John Stuart Mill's On liberty is one of the foundational defenses of liberal, democratic government. According to Mill, there are certain core principles "that should regulate how governments and societies, whether democratic or not, can restrict individual liberties."[footnoteRef:1] Mill wrote that regardless of whether a monarch, dictator, or even a democratic majority governed, the only reason to deprive others of their liberties was what he called the harm principle, namely, that "a harm, an action must be injurious or set back important interests of particular… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

allowed under the Sharia law, in practice, non-Muslim minorities have not been able to achieve a full religious liberty. For example, non-Muslim minorities are encouraged to convert to Muslim, however, it is often challenging when Muslims intend to convert to other religions. A conversion from Islam to other religions is generally viewed as a revolt against God, and this action may encounter severe legal and social sanctions in many Muslim states. The concept apostasy is referred as renunciation or abandonment of Muslim religion to other religions. While the Islamic principle holds that there should be no compulsion in religious,… Continue Reading...

Enactment Of the 19th Amendment Xix

Independence. It mentioned that men and women were created equal, that they had specific inalienable rights, and that life liberty and pursuit of happiness were among them[footnoteRef:5]. In short, the delegates were saying that women should be granted the right to vote. [4: Eileen L. McDonagh, and H. Douglas Price. "Woman suffrage in the Progressive Era: Patterns of opposition and support in referenda voting, 1910-1918." American Political Science Review 79, no. 02 (1985): 415-435.] [5: Ibid] After the Seneca Convention, the subject of women's right to vote was widely mocked in the press. As a consequence, a number of… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

goal indeed (Young, 2011, p. 101). In an ideal world, democracy does ensure liberty and justice for all citizens but in a heterogeneous world, genuine parity and justice remain unattainable. References Baier, K. (1989). Justice and the aims of political philosophy. Ethics 99(4): 771-790. Miller, D. (2013). Justice for Earthlings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rawls, J. (1985). Justice as fairness. Philosophy & Public Affairs 14(3), 1985, pp. 223-251. Young, I.M. (2011). Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

stereotypes, such as assuming that all Chinese ethics are based on social responsibility or collectivism versus individualism, liberty, and equality. At the same time, Confucianism and neo-Confucianism generally uphold ethical standards of behavior that emphasize choices that benefit society rather than benefitting the individual. Confucianism may be outdated, overly conservative, and even anti-modern, offering poor opportunities for contributing to modern/postmodern ethical discourse, especially with regards to bioethics. Concepts of humanity and human potential are being gradually integrated into contemporary Chinese philosophy, which may be gradually shifting away from its traditional Confucian values and embracing more a celebration of individuality… Continue Reading...

Hollywood and the Red Menace the Hollywood Ten

democratically elected leaders here and there was a matter of "ensuring liberty" for the CIA). It was not a question of Hollywood executives standing by their employees so much as Hollywood executives exerting control of the narrative being written about their industry. In business, public relations are crucial. Condemning a few "leftists" was a type of corporate social responsibility in the post-War era, as far as they were concerned. Should they have stood by their employees? -- perhaps, if they were interested in conveying a different narrative -- but that was not the case in the post-War era. The… Continue Reading...

Mapp Vs Ohio Case

(which safeguards citizens from unwarranted searches) and Amendment XIV’s Due Process Clause (which safeguards citizens against lost liberty without legal due process). Justice Clark furthered his ruling by stating that offenders aren’t allowed to breach rules merely on account of law enforcement officials’ criminal procedural flaws (Mapp V Ohio – constitution). According to him, the exclusionary principle looms in Amendments IV as well as XIV and the state is required to stick to its own rules. A second concurring judge stated the ruling’s bases also include Amendment V. In his view, Amendment IV's protection against unwarranted search and confiscations… Continue Reading...

Abortion

happens to and within their bodies. However, the right to live prevails over a woman's liberty to govern what happens to and within her body. Therefore, one cannot abort the fetus. But at this juncture, Thomson claims that statement (4) is no logical conclusion developing from statement (3). The right to live doesn't imply that terminating life is immoral, as evidenced by the argument that taking a life to defend oneself is permissible. One may reason here that statement (4) can, thus, only be amended as: "Abortion is morally incorrect, except in the event that the pregnancy may threaten… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Second Amendment Case

its provisions. However, the provisions granted the chief of police the liberty to grant one-year licenses for handguns. Additionally, the Code required individuals owning legitimately registered firearms to keep them unloaded and disassembled or with locked trigger unless they were in business places or being utilized for legalized recreational activities. A special police officer in Washington, D.C., Dick Anthony Heller, was permitted to carry a handgun while on duty. He applied for a one-year registration license from the city of Washington for a handgun he wanted to keep at home. Based on the provisions of the District of Columbia… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

he says " . . . but, with one consent, admitted the natural liberty and equality of mankind" [footnoteRef:8]. [4: CSUSB. 2017. Rocket.Csusb.Edu. http://rocket.csusb.edu/~tmoody/hume%20-of%20the%20original%20contract-.html.] [5: Warrender, Howard. 2004. The Political Philosophy Of Hobbes. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.] [6: Hume, David. 1748. "David Hume: Of The Original Contract." Constitution.Org. http://www.constitution.org/dh/origcont.htm.] [7: Hume, David. 2006. A Treatise Of Human Nature. 1st ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.] [8: Locke, John. 1993. Two Treatises Of Government. 1st ed. London: Everyman.] Argument for One Side As for what side makes more sense, it is perhaps reasonable on the past of Hume to suggest that… Continue Reading...

New Testament and Christianity

fights against the decisions of the council. Q20 They include reason, nature, happiness, and progress besides liberty. These themes enabled the Christians to be free to engage their reasons, observe nature in a positive way, develop and ensure their progress, and receive liberation. Q21 Deism is a belief where the believer knows there is a supreme being intervening for any individual who does not intervene in the universe. The Supreme Being is to be respected, adored, and given every right to partake of the valuable assets of life. He intervenes on behalf of the believers. Q22 Piety sees no sense in… Continue Reading...

Impact Of the Rise and Spread Of Christianity

from the opportunities females were accorded by the early Christian Church.[footnoteRef:5] Their relative liberty proved to be a key factor that attracted the Mediterranean communities towards Christianity. A number of regions witnessed women assuming the roles of church leaders. For instance, Lydia converted her home (located in Philippi) into a church as well as a European missionary staging station,[footnoteRef:6] Phoebe served as the Cenchrea Roman Church's leader, and Priscilla preached alongside her husband. Paul and Luke have recorded all of the above examples. A trend of adopting celibacy was witnessed, particularly among females. Choosing such a life ensured women… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

as well as socio-political philosophy regarding fraternity, equality and liberty. Hegel came to maturity during this era and for him, philosophy consisted of a clash of forces -- and the old world concept of philosophy (the love of knowledge/wisdom) was what Hegel sought to transform in The Phenomenology of Spirit, as he clearly states in the book's Preface: "To help to bring philosophy nearer to the form of science -- that goal where it can lay aside the name of love of knowledge and be actual knowledge -- that is what I have set before me."[footnoteRef:1] In other words,… Continue Reading...

Andrea Yates Case

and criminality language options. Thus, the legislative bodies have the liberty to use more legalistic view of right and wrong. They may also apply a different standard in the form of morally inspired understanding of right and wrong. There are complications that arise in the evaluation of right and wrong. Individuals who, regardless of knowing that they would be condemned by society, believe that it would be the reverse, if the same society was made aware of what they "knew" are classic problematic scenarios (Francone, 2016). What do you think of the assertion of that defence in the Yates… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." (History, 2017, p 1). One of the aspects of the U.S. constitution is the area of the Bill of Rights (1791) that defines that fundamental human rights that people must enjoy. Locke continues by pointing out that when the government fails to protect the natural rights of the citizens, people have the rights to dissolve that government. This is reflected in the U.S. constitution where the legislative power can be used to remove the President from the office through two… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

much authority in a federal government, the states risked subverting their newly won liberty to "despotism, or, what is worse, a tyrranic aristocracy" (Brutus No. 1, 1787). The Anti-Federalists stated that the Constitution would enable a small group to "possess absolute and uncontrollable power, legislative, executive and judicial" and that "intervention of the state governments" would be impossible and even undesirable by this elite group (Brutus No. 1, 1787). The idea of so many diverse people being represented by so few in the federal government was irrational, as the Anti-Federalists pointed out: "One man, or a few men, cannot… Continue Reading...

The Black Wall Street

saving and investing and human capital. Human capital involves expenditures on education, medical care, and training ( liberty Fund, 2010). The people of Greenwood Avenue in Tulsa opened schools and medical offices/hospitals during its economic boom. The black residents received excellent medical care from top black medical professionals like the murdered A.C. Jackson. He was widely regarded as one of the best surgeons of his time. Savings and investment means in terms of economy, spending less than one has and the purchasing of durable goods (Rutherford, 2007). Residents saved money and then invested it in the area through real estate… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

perhaps the answer involves the intent of the act and the liberty of the person involved. If someone consents to female circumcision or arranged married, for example, then it is technically their choice and thus the ability of others to question or assert anything about the practice is in many ways undermined. However, it would be safe to presume that many arranged marriages and female circumcision, or anything else along those lines, are being done in spite of what of the woman or affected party wants and thus that makes it wrong. There are things that are a little… Continue Reading...

Recent American History and Pedagogy

States has cultivated and crafted an identity based on the tenets of liberty, justice, and freedom. Yet in practice, the nation has been an exercise in exploitation, imperialism, and racism. "From its inception the United States was an interventionist power that based its foreign policy on territorial expansion," (Westad, 2007, 9). As evidence, Westad (2007) cites examples from as early as Thomas Jefferson's intervention in African piracy, one of the earliest examples of American interventionism. The United States did go through periods of relative isolationism for its own self-interest, partly motivated also by international consternation of its ongoing practice… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

Social liberalism debates that beneficial liberty is indispensable for global human freedom, especially for the poor. Therefore, the government should involve themselves in economic matters for the sake of the unprivileged members of the society (Adams, 2001). Social Liberals equally support the enforcement of agricultural reforms and land leases and are also in favour of a solid and well-controlled state. Were you surprised by the political ideology to which you belong? Why or why not? In the United States, the general situation is in conformity to the… Continue Reading...

Why the Constitution Never Should Have Been Ratified

Papers warned against adopting the Constitution because it would "lead to the subversion of liberty . . . despotism, or, what is worse, a tyrranic aristocracy" (Brutus No. 1, n.d.). In their view, the Constitution was a document that would allow tyranny to take hold over the Union -- and that was a direct violation of everything the War for Independence had been fought for. For that reason, I myself would have aligned with the Anti-Federalists as they were more aware of the pernicious nature of the Constitution and what it would lead to. The Federalists wanted control over… Continue Reading...

The Trouble with Innocence Article Analysis

justice that is within his own civil right and liberty. Under no standard or benchmark was Kerry Cook treated with fairness and equity. Moreover, psychologist Landrum gave testimony asserting that Cook was an austere psychopath and a deviant pan sexual. In addition, he insisted that Cook was an enormously severe threat to others. In particular, it is this testimony that led to the sentencing of Cook to death row. In addition, the prosecution insisted on showing the photos of the crime scene and the victim. Coupled together, these aspects painted a severely negative perspective of Cook that ultimately gave… Continue Reading...

Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, As Founding Fathers

talents, skills, and philosophies helped to create a nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all people are created equal. Not all the founding fathers became presidents, but all were leaders in their own ways by capitalizing on their strengths and areas of specialization. Two of the founding fathers that were not presidents but who were nevertheless instrumental to creating the United States were Benjamin Franklin and Alexander Hamilton. Benjamin Franklin was a polymath, someone with multiple talents in different areas. Unlike Alexander Hamilton or George Washington, both of whom fought in the Revolutionary War, Franklin… Continue Reading...

The Right to Privacy

is multifaceted. However, this right is implicit to the right of liberty guaranteed by this document. In particular, privacy is a manifestation of the civil liberties which all citizens are assured of in the U.S. Constitution. The preamble to the constitution states this fact. The preamble reveals the Constitution was created in part to “secure the Blessings of liberty” (Founding Fathers). The blessings of liberty quickly become a curse if there is no privacy. If people were able to see and become cognizant of everything everyone did, then people are not necessarily free or experiencing a state of liberty.… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Childhood and Adulthood

to focus more on making money and taking life seriously. The liberty of childhood gives way to the burdens of responsibility and pragmatism. Finally, the society views children as being innocent, not yet entrusted with the political, social, and economic responsibilities that adults contend with every day.   Continue Reading...

Reforms Needed for Three Strikes Law

public safety and the rights of the common person to not have their life, liberty and freedom disrupted due to the criminal actions of someone else. Indeed, some people hold property crime to be a minor thing and not something that should be punished harshly for. Others would retort that people that cannot or will not follow the law, even when it comes to such minor crimes, should be jailed for repeated and continued offenses. There is also the procedural matter of allowing discretion and the prosecutorial level while at the same time not allowing pervasive recidivists to walk… Continue Reading...

The Influence Of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns

1780s, Burns wrote more songs and poems. Some of his most popular works include Love and liberty, The Holy Affair, To A Mouse, To A Louse, Ae Fond Kiss, and The Battle of Sherramuir (Cairney, 2000). These works have been translated into more than 40 major languages. Burns died on the 21st of July, 1796, a much younger age than Shakespeare’s (BBC, 2017b). Burns is widely recognised as a Scots poet, although he authored many of his works in English. He even authored some works in both languages – e.g. Love and liberty. His literary style was largely characterised… Continue Reading...

Film Analysis N!ai, the Story Of a !kung Woman

the relationship was fueled by N!ai’s desire to have the liberty to choose her own husband and do things as she pleases. The dissatisfaction, hate, and resentment contributed to cheating and extra-marital affairs. However, things changed as N!ai grew older and started heeding to the advice she received from others, particularly the elderly. Unlike before when she considered her husband’s medical practice as crazy practices, she started seeing it as a good thing that benefited and cured other people (Marshall & Miesmer, 1980). As the Whites settled in this society, the tribe changed from a hunter and gathering society… Continue Reading...

Describing Artifacts from the 1960s

the photograph of Lyndon Johnson with Mathilde Krim. On the night the USS liberty was attacked by Israeli fighters, Krim was sleeping in the Johnson White House. Krim was a former Irgun member and had been married to an Irgun agent. She was, in other words, an Israeli agent—and she was intimately close to Johnson. Johnson dismissed the attack on the liberty and it was never investigated. Johnson, needless to say, was on much better footing with the Israelis than his predecessor had been. Kennedy had been trying to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Middle East… Continue Reading...

Self Defense Laws and Castle Doctrine

The right to use force in self-defense an important civil liberty and right, ensconced in the Second Amendment of the Constitution. Because of Second Amendment assurances, all Americans technically have the right to bear arms in self-defense. Some states have attempted to restrict Second Amendment rights, but the vast majority of states have implemented “some statutory version” of the Castle Doctrine (“What is the Castle Doctrine,” n.d.). In fact, some states like Florida have taken the Castle Doctrine a step further to invoke what are commonly called “stand your ground laws.” Whereas the Castle… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Two Global Security Organizations

comprehensive cultural analyses, background checks, interrogations, undercover investigations, business intelligence operations, and urgent response investigations (TAL Global, 2017). Balancing Security, liberty, and Human Rights Terrorism and other malicious threats are affronts not just to security but to liberty and human rights. Therefore, their main operations already balance the needs for security, liberty, and human rights using proven methods of risk management. Yet the use of surveillance tactics does present some potential threats to human rights and liberties. To reduce impact on essential human rights, TAL Global and Wexford Group operate well within the established legal frameworks of the jurisdictions in… Continue Reading...

Proposed Immigration Bill

nineteenth century, even before France gave us the Statue of liberty, a symbol we hold dear, we built our nation’s railways by the blood, sweat, and tears of Chinese immigrant labor, and never once considered welcoming their wives so that they could start new lives in the land of the free, home of the brave. This nation has struggled for far too long between two antipodes: on the one hand our belief in our melting pot multiculturalism and on the other hand our chronic mistrust of foreigners, of change, of anything that has not yet been branded as “American.”… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

anti-government rhetoric while also showing where wasteful spending curtails life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Conservatives simply want to empower the individual to make the right choices. We should aim to be as non-interventionist as possible, domestically and in foreign policy, without veering off the libertarian deep end. Although I may be a social conservative who has strong family values, I understand that not all people come from the same cultural background as I do. Not all Republicans are anti-gay or anti-woman, although that is what the media has led me to believe. Liberals also have failed to… Continue Reading...

Les Miserables Light and Darkness Victor Hugo

the reader towards a renewed understanding and appreciation of freedom and liberty, also core themes of Les Miserables. Light also has a redemptive quality for Jean Valjean, who first receives the rejuvenating compassion of the Bishop and then later learns how to accept kindness on a deeper level. As he learns to recognize the goodness inherent in the human soul, “daylight penetrated more and more clearly into his soul; an extraordinary light; a light at once ravishing and terrible,” (Chapter 13). The light is ravishing because it is transformative and liberating, but it is terrible because it is something… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

violate the law which forbids the taking of life. In order to protect life, liberty and the pursuit of justice, the force of justice itself must be clear, palpable and discernible by those in society. If it is not, the moral compulsion to respect laws and follow them, including the law forbidding the killing of another person, will not be effective enough to deter persons from behaving badly. The moral order must be supported by the social order or else the social order itself will be undermined by its own lack of respect for moral law. Hammurabi in ancient… Continue Reading...

Federalist Vs Anti-federalist Papers

firm Union will be of the utmost moment to the peace and liberty of the States as a barrier against domestic faction and insurrection” (Straub, 2010). In the Federalists’ opinion, federal courts lacked proper jurisdiction, with several legal domains left to local and state courts. According to the Federalists, federal courts could appropriately safeguard the people against governmental abuse, and secure their freedom. The next Federalist Paper states that a system of balances and checks existed within the Constitution, ensuring no governmental branches was able to dominate the other. Personal inclination The following elements of the anti-federalist papers appeal… Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

as well as the prevailing values of freedom and liberty in the United States. The policy pertained to the opening ceremonies before public meetings, which include the Pledge of Allegiance. During these meetings in Rowan County, individual commissioners were offered the opportunity to pray in whatever manner they preferred, have a moment of silence instead, or abstain from either. No commissioner or member of the public was required to pray; it was a voluntary provision. Yet federal courts recently ruled that Rowan County’s practices violated the First Amendment of the Constitution, particularly the Establishment Clause. The Establishment Clause states,… Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

of the nineteenth century was the struggle between freedom and liberty on the one hand, and social order on the other. Sieyes (n.d.) points out the ways the Third Estate—the masses, the majority of people—started to perform the essential social, political, and economic services that had previously rested wholly within the power of the nobility and church. The empowerment of the Third Estate would not have been possible without the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution also changed social norms. Dickens’s A Christmas Carol is only one example of how the literature of the Victorian era reflected trends towards socialist… Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Education and Theory Bible

in my work as a leader is reflection, which is one of the liberty University School of Education (n.d.) SCRIP components. Reflection refers both to self-reflection and for the patience required to reflect thoughtfully and critically on the issues at hand. Reflection is crucial for professional and ethical competency in conflict resolution. Scripture supports the efficacy and importance of reflection in reaching both personal and professional goals, particularly as reflection engenders humility and dispels false pride. For example, the Bible outlines the dispositional qualities that facilitate an attitude of reflection. “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy,… Continue Reading...

The American Dream Essay

p. 11). Those that came, did so because they wanted the liberty of being their own person. For the British colonists, they wanted not only a new start, but a new identity, away from the ones they left on the British shores. While the symbolism of the American Dream came from the settlers to what is now the United States, the actual phrase existed centuries later. The true origin of the phrase was first mentioned in 1931, by a middlebrow historian James Truslow Adams in his book The Epic of America. In this book, the phrase appears for the… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

the constitution after the Civil War ended. It asserts: “No State shall ... deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." However Supreme Court’s finding in Roe v. Wade erased all law protecting unborn children, who apparently aren’t people in the eyes of the state (Stark, 2018). One could only assume that the 14th amendment would include all members of the human species (Stark, 2018). No Supreme Court should be allowed to trod on a constitutional right, which should apply… Continue Reading...

American Exceptionalism Debate

view one nation as exceptional and the only nation worthy of defending and defining liberty will inevitably lead to strife with the rest of the world. Walt notes that whenever America’s leaders make a claim about the need to take military action abroad, they often speak of America’s unique responsibility as a great power. Of course, Great Britain viewed itself as carrying the white man’s burden during its age of empire and the Soviet Union claimed that spreading of the communist ideology was rooted in altruism. Linked to this notion is the idea that America is more moral than… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

its own declaration of independence and constitution, based on the principles of universal human rights. The “ liberty or Death” proclamation was similar to its French predecessor, paradoxically invoking the former colonizers’ own language to assert Haitian independence. With the “liberty or death” proclamation, Dessalines simply wanted to extend the same human rights deemed universal under French law to its colonies. Racism and classism, plus economic and political expediencies, caused French dominant culture to scoff at the attempt of its colonies to share in the democratic distribution of power and revolutionary spirit spreading throughout the world. It was only a… Continue Reading...

Welfare System Essay

the street. They were not really knocking their job. In one sense, they have the liberty to say no to some of the biggest lawyers in the state, but then again, they are just not looked at as being that important around the company. Case Processing Issues When it came to case processing’s, Mrs. Hempstead discovered that it was too time consuming. The case processing followed three steps which were the following: activation, auditing, and discharge. However, it took too long. For instance, they were taking up about 45 minutes of everyone’s time just to find five or six… Continue Reading...

Trade Union Act Of 2016 Essay

down from the original more aggressive proposals in the discussion papers ( liberty, 2016). Items excluded from the bill included enhanced requirements increasing the regulations on picketing, such as the requirements for unions to notify police and employers of picket plans two weeks ahead of the action, resections of social media use by unions, and the introduction of a new criminal act of intimidation as pickets (liberty, 2016). However, the act still has a significant impact on employers and trade unions, with liberty (2015) stating that this act created “a significant, unnecessary and unjustified intrusion by the State into the… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

Supreme Court, the attorney for the plaintiff in this case, “Jane Roe,” called for “ liberty from being forced to continue the unwanted pregnancy” (as cited in Kramlich, 2004, p. 784). The negative right argument essentially sought to eliminate governmental inference with a woman’s abortion decision rather than the positive right to have access to abortion services or an entitlement from the government (Kramlich, 2004). The impact of Roe v. Wade on American public opinion about abortion has been significant, and since 1973, a slight majority of the American public have become pro-choice as a result (Hickcox-Howard, 2008). The pro-choice… Continue Reading...

Religion and Christian Counseling

provide Christian counseling services and has a background in Religious studies thanks to the Interdisciplinary Studies degree offered by liberty University will have more appeal to an employer than a counselor who has simply a degree in counseling. In a world where specialized medicine and services are the new norm, a professional who has focused his or her studies by embracing the interdisciplinary vision is more marketable than a graduate whose degree-path has a narrower scope. Integrated Studies Make One Well-Rounded Religion and Christian counseling are two areas of study that naturally go together and can be integrated effectively… Continue Reading...

Mass Incarceration in Arizona Social Cultural and Legislative History

most victimized by this set-up (Dacey, 2017). All persons in America are supposed to be guaranteed liberty: a justice system that incentivized officials in such a way would be completely disconnected to integrity. In Arizona at this time, there is a certain level of this type of corruption present because the private prison business is booming, and its something, which only benefits corporations. Throughout America, opponents to the private prison system have had to use their voices, speaking out about the desire of the government to add thousands more prisons around the nation, something that you take around $50… Continue Reading...

Super Highway 8 Rogerian

took place in the city, including Patrick Henry's ‘Give me liberty or give me death’ speech delivered in 1775 at St. John's Church, in Richmond. The Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, written by Thomas Jefferson, was also passed in Virginia” (Mandel). While this was one of the more uplifting historical facts about Virginia—as Virginia played a center role in America securing their autonomy as a young nation, Virginia also has much to be ashamed of. Richmond was the capital of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War and more than half of these battles took place in… Continue Reading...

Tools for Crime Analysis

better inform the decision-making process. Tactical The “Car Crimes at the liberty Tree Mall” pattern review offers a product that can be used to make tactical decisions related to a specific geographic location. This report indicates the number of auto thefts and car break-ins resulting in the theft of GPS devices and stereos, using a graph to show what time of day those crimes are taking place. Knowing what time of day the property crimes are taking place helps law enforcement work with private security personnel to come up with immediate tactical interventions. For example, most stereo and auto thefts have… Continue Reading...

What Happened to the Lost Colony Of Roanoke

have been useful in tilling the soil. Additionally, most had immigrated because they sought economic opportunities, versus the religious liberty sought by later New England colonists. There was not the preexisting sense of community amongst the inhabitants that would have fostered cooperation among the inhabitants. [12: Ibid.] [13: Ibid.] Today, the reasons for discovering the fate of Roanoke have more to do with a desire to answer questions pertaining to a historical mystery, versus the urgent search conducted by White. There are many plausible reasons for the colony’s failure that were manifested in other failed settlements of the era,… Continue Reading...

The Declaration Of Independence and Freedom

by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, liberty and the pursuit of Happiness”—from the U.S. Declaration of Independence 3. “The freedom of every member of the state as a human being. The equality of each with every other as a subject. The independence of every member of a commonwealth as a citizen.”—from “Theory and Practice” by Immanuel Kant 2 The idea of freedom in the 18th and 19th century was divorced from the centuries that preceded them—centuries in which the concept of freedom was attached to the concept of “free will” and thought of… Continue Reading...

Women and the Day Nursery Movement

nursery care is complex, which is how it supports Foner’s Give Me liberty: issues are not just black and white in America. The importance of this work is that it focuses on a real life American issue that most people are likely to take for granted today—but 100 years ago there was a real struggle that single mothers faced, and this article tells that story. A suggest reading that could accompany this article would be The Other Women’s Movement: Workplace Justice and Social Rights in Modern America by Dorothy Sue Cobble, which looks at the struggles women faced throughout… Continue Reading...

Lynchings and Mob Violence in America

audience—i.e., students of history and in particular of American racism. The article supports Foner’s Give Me liberty by showing how the legal system in American cities supported the lethal mob violence demonstrated against Mexicans. The importance of this work is evident in the fact that it highlights the racist history of American culture towards Mexicans and how American society has used the law to legitimize illegal and inappropriate forms of violence and vigilantism towards minorities. A suggested reading to accompany this work would be Zoot Suit Riots by Roger Bruns, as it also focuses on how the law has… Continue Reading...

How Meek Mill Won His Freedom

a playoff-fight, flew Mill via helicopter to their home game where he celebrated by ringing the team’s liberty Bell. Several 76er players had shown support for Mill in the past. Kevin Hart was present to participate in the proceedings, and 76ers owner Michael Rubin, who supplied the helicopter, was on hand to show support. Rubin, Hart and Mill all sat together courtside to watch the team close out its first-round playoff series against the Miami Heat and celebrate its first playoff advance in more than a decade. The officer who provided key testimony during Mill’s trial has since left… Continue Reading...

Economic Inequalities Essay

around the world. New York city is a land of freedom and opportunity, symbolized by Lady liberty in New York harbor. This is a place that does not discriminate based on background, but allows people to chart their own destinies. Or does it? The New York of the 1960s or even the 1990s does not exist anymore. Economic inequality has run rampant in New York as it has in many metropolitan cities. Bill Moyers, economist reported that “Among our largest, richest 20 metro areas, less than 50 percent of the homes are affordable.’ In New York City, he said,… Continue Reading...

Social Problem and Human Services

there are no injuries, children may be struck by their parents at liberty. Neglect, linked frequently to poverty, resulted in slightly more cases of annual child deaths as compared to abuse. Latest census figures reveal 17.6 percent of minor children lead an impoverished life (the poverty level set by the federal government is 20,000 dollars annually for a 4-member household). An alarming 42 percent of children hailing from female-headed families live below poverty line (DuMont & James 2015). Social workers who directly deal with individuals suffering from tough living conditions and chronic deprivation understand and report their feelings of… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

the media sources (Šramová, 2014). While the media audience is at liberty to choose what media content to follow, it is the media that possesses the ultimate power to decide the gender roles that are visible and the ones that won’t be. Such a stance is what the agenda setting, tendency by the media, theory explores. In short, he media decides what is to be talked about and what will not. The radio, TV, music, drama, movies, discussions, reality TV, newspapers, magazines and other electronic media sources, includes the internet all present the public with the agenda that they… Continue Reading...

Why I Want to Go to College Essay

I don’t know that I have always felt the liberty to express my full self around them. I know that college will give me a greater opportunity to achieve self-actualization.  Another reason why I want to go to college is because of the old expression, “going to college is 50% the people you meet.” When people hear that expression, they can often think that this means that college is just about making friends and having fun. And sure that’s valid, to a certain extent. The reason that the people you meet at college are so significant is because they… Continue Reading...

The Historical Construction Of Rape Sexuality Race

of African American female victims. Works Cited Foner, Eric. Give Me liberty. W.W. Horton, 2012. Fredman, Estelle B. “’Crimes which startle and horrify’: Gender, Age, and the Racialization of Sexual Violence in White American Newspapers, 1870-1900.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 20, No. 3, Sept. 2011, pp. 465-497. Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

the philosophical underpinnings of the modern era, which have largely been rooted in ideas of liberty, fraternity, equality, and other novelties (Koonce, 2016). The problem has been compounded by the fragmentation of political and social perspectives in the modern era, with relativism taking a larger and larger portion of the pie of perspectives so that there is little uniformity or universality in terms of how people approach the concept of discipline in the classroom. In nearly every case, it appears that discipline and classroom management are topics that are commonly left up to the individual whim of the instructor—some… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Sodomy Cases Rulings

in this Nation's history and tradition’ or ‘implicit in the concept of ordered liberty’” (Bazelon, 2012). If a Supreme Court justice used such a word today in arguing that gay people shouldn’t be allowed to exercise their rights, that judge would be run out of town or lynched. It would be the end of his or her legal career. Regardless, the unjust decision made by the court happened, being a blight on the Supreme Court’s existence. It was a decision that would go on to haunt the court for many years later. Justice Lewis Powell was the judge who… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

in the study or enlisted in the project without their consent. Participants will also be granted the liberty to withdraw from the project at any time and for whatever reasons. During this process, researcher participants will not be required to provide any personal identification information as a means of safeguarding their privacy. Additionally, the researcher will also ensure that information obtained for this project will be utilized for the purposes of this research and not disclosed to third parties.  With regards to complications and risk of prolonged illness due to the proposed intervention, the project is designed in a… Continue Reading...

Government Intervention Essay

superstate where every man becomes the servant of the State and real liberty is lost.”8  Hoover basically argued that if the State wants to be the nanny of the people, it will become the Nazi State (Hitler also put the German people back to work—like FDR, but on a grand scale and only after taking over the banking sector and chasing the money changers out—as FDR called them but failed to do anything more than that). Thus, the two presidents who argued for intervention on behalf of the American worker were the two Roosevelts and their ideas were founded… Continue Reading...

Capitalism and Economic Surplus

a rather dated video that was published on YouTube by liberty Pen. The crux of that video is that capitalism is about a number of important topics. These would include the freedom to open and run a business, the freedom to set one’s own prices and the freedom of consumers to quibble or choose based on those prices. The example given with the market and the use of the delivery service to gain/keep business is a good example. It should be noted, however, that higher prices mean more tax money for the government. Thus, this means more for the… Continue Reading...

Early 20th Century Chinese Economic Reform

that they have been successful precisely because they have been able to strike a balance between individual liberty and the collective need for rules and social order. Following, Yan Fu claims that Chinese society needs to adopt the Western value of freedom if it is to remain competitive. “Moderate Reform and the Self-Strengthening Movement” The late nineteenth century was a tumultuous time in Chinese history. The Manchus clung to their dynasty tenaciously, and Western encroachment was all but inevitable. The author claims that the late nineteenth century was a period of revival and restoration, characterized by a relaxation of… Continue Reading...

Political Ideology Libertarianism

is libertarianism. A lot of Americans pay lip service to liberty, but I am not one of them. The libertarian political ideology is based on the fundamental principle of human liberty: that the government should not interfere in the lives of individuals unless their actions infringe on the rights of others. I believe that the founding fathers of the United States intended for a libertarian government, which evolved out of Enlightenment values and philosophies and made their way into the writings of luminaries like Thomas Jefferson, John Locke, David Hume, and Adam Smith (Boaz, 1999). While I am not… Continue Reading...

World War 2 and the Asian Population

to Afghanistan by Victoria Moy as an accompaniment to this article. Works Cited Foner, Eric. Give Me liberty! An American History. W. W. Norton, 2016. Zhao, Xiaojian. “Chinese American Women Defense Workers in World War II.” California History, Vol. 75, No. 2 (Summer, 1996), pp. 138-153 Continue Reading...

Illegal Immigration Essay

was founded by immigrants.  It has always been a nation of immigrants.  America’s Statue of liberty states: “Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” From the beginning, the U.S. has providing a welcome mat to immigrants.  Now, the U.S. has not always treated them fairly upon arrival—that history has to be acknowledged as well.  The Chinese were not allowed to become citizens though they were employed on the railroad lines out… Continue Reading...

New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration War on Drugs

29, 2014, https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/michelle-alexander-a-system-of-racial-and-social-control/] [5: Sarah Childress, “Michelle Alexander,” https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/article/michelle-alexander-a-system-of-racial-and-social-control/] Rather than uphold the fundamental tenets of the democracy, including liberty and justice for all, a large number of Americans supported local, state, and federal politicians who participated actively or tacitly in multiple movements that disenfranchised African Americans and created a criminal class. Politicians manufactured a threat, and then provided voters with their solution: mass incarceration. Nixon might have started the War on Drugs, but it was during the Reagan era that drug policy truly reached fruition. As Alexander puts it, “President Richard Nixon was the first to coin the term… Continue Reading...

United States Gun Control Pros Cons

criminals. Some gun advocates also herald the underlying values of freedom and liberty that undergird the Second Amendment: which places actual physical power into the hands of the people rather than in the hands of elected officials with the potential to abuse their positions of power. Finally, gun advocates claim that statistics related to gun deaths have been either manipulated or overblown, advocating for improved gun safety education and awareness (“Should More Gun Control Laws Be Enacted?” n.d.). The Benefits of Gun Control Gun control seems like a sensible solution to the obvious problem of gun violence. Just as… Continue Reading...

Capras Negro Soldier

Americans and getting them to join Army and fight against the liberty-hating Germans. The film provided a positive example African American heroism as told through the preaching of the film’s narrator, Moss—an African American minister, who speaks eloquently in his church before his congregation of the need for the African American community to stand up for American values against those who oppose them. The film shows sequences of African American heroism to reinforce the preaching of Moss, who quotes Mein Kampf to stir up feelings of righteous indignation, and who describes how blacks throughout time and even now have… Continue Reading...

The Controlled Woman Comparing Female Freedom and Male Domination in Two Short Stories

of it. She does not mourn the death of her husband, as much as she craves her own liberty, and celebrates her presumed liberty. Her freedom and autonomy are so precious to her that the mere sight of her husband, alive and well is enough to make her heart stop. No doubt many of the people around her had assumed that she was would be scared to live on her own, without the safety, protection and guidance from a husband. However, Mrs. Mallard’s reaction implies that her husband was controlling and domineering and that she didn’t have much freedom… Continue Reading...

Popper S Logic Of Science

world and ourselves without a little license, a little liberty, and a little creative imagination and energy? Granted, Snow verified his inquiry by examining the facts and looking at the water from the well at what turned out to be ground zero for the cholera outbreak in the city. Thus it is important to consider that imagination and intuition are only helpful tools; microscopes and lenses are more helpful tools; and hard data is still more helpful. But all these things go together and I see no need to define a scientific approach in such rigorous terms or with… Continue Reading...

Vaccines and the Smallpox Epidemic

arguments certainly resonate with Americans who support the concept of liberty. However, in today’s world, where safety and security are also viewed as important in maintaining order in society, there is some agreement among most that what is in the best interest of the common good is what individuals should follow. This utilitarian principle would seemingly support the idea of vaccination on a large scale and even forced vaccination in cases where emergency necessitates it—such as an outbreak of an epidemic. Kaufman points out, for instance, that “vaccination had proven to be effective in preventing smallpox and it was… Continue Reading...

Student Discipline and Bullying

The court explained that any student faced with suspension also have liberty and property interests protected through due process. In the Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District case some Des Moines students came up with a strategy to make their Vietnam War views known (Ellis, 2018). They were in support of the war. They decided to put on some black armbands and stage a fast during the eve of the new years and on the 16the of December. The school principal got word about the plan and henceforth embarked on creating a policy that forbade any student… Continue Reading...

How Native Americans Shaped Modern American Identity

American tribes were also responsible for influenci8ng the Founding Fathers’ views about liberty and pluralism in ways that directly contributed to the contents of the U.S. Constitution. Indeed, some authorities suggest that the Iroquois tribe provided Benjamin Franklin with the notion of a democratic republic for the burgeoning American colonies. For instance, Loewen reports that, “Indeed, Native American ideas may be responsible for our democratic institutions. In the 1740s the Iroquois wearied of dealing with several often bickering English colonies and suggested the colonies form a union similar to the [Iroquois] League” (103). Taken together, while the Native American… Continue Reading...

A Biblical Worldview in Finance

Online, 69, 55. Towns, E. L. (1989). A Journey Through the Old Testament. Books. Paper 8. http://digitalcommons. liberty.edu/towns_books/8 Van Lerven, F. (2016). Quantitative easing in the Eurozone: A one-year assessment. Intereconomics, 51(4), 237-242.   Continue Reading...

The Gold Coin's Meaning

The 1899 liberty Head $5 Gold Half Eagle The 1899 liberty Head $5 Gold Half Eagle was designed by Christian Gobrecht, the third Chief Engraver of the U.S. Mint (1840-1844). The coin was circulated with a mintage of 1,710,630 and a metal content of 90% gold and 10% copper. Its diameter was 21.6 mm and weighed approximately 8.36 grams (EBTH). The liberty Head was just one production of the U.S. half eagle that was produced for circulation for more than a century. This paper will describe the history… Continue Reading...

Dostoevsky and Tolstoy on Suffering

while Alyosha goes right (literally and figuratively—Ivan is heading for American, the land of liberty; Alyosha for his monastery and God). Ivan’s rejection, therefore, though not complete, of the possibility of a good God governing all of existence, is the actually the source of his suffering—and it is the same for Smerdyakov, though he revels in his suffering and rejection like a degenerate while Ivan at least gives room for Alyosha and practically begs, or rather dares, the latter to try to save him. And of course Alyosha recognizes the plea and does desire for Ivan’s salvation—and that is… Continue Reading...

Critical Analysis War Is a Racket

the Great War, it was the bankers with their liberty Bonds, which our soldiers were obliged to buy only to find that they couldn’t sell them back at cost but rather had to take a nice haircut on the bonds to the tune of 14-16%. I don’t think Butler’s days were any different from our own. Consider the fact that Rumsfeld announced the Pentagon had lost more than a trillion dollars of funding that it simply could not account for—this on the day before 9/11. The racket continues—whether it’s shipping opium out of Afghanistan under the pretext of fighting… Continue Reading...

Democratic Development in Africa Challenges

pillars of democracy include, but they are not limited to, equality and liberty. In that regard, therefore, democratic development has got to do with the evaluative procedure in relation to not only the political, but also the institutional as well as social factors that either promote or impede the progress of democracy.[footnoteRef:1] [1: Guntram H. Herb and David H. Kaplan eds., Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview (California: ABC-CLIO, 2008), 1137. ] Discussion For a long time, the politics of individual nations in the continent have been dominated by repressive regimes and authoritarian leaders. The said leaders have… Continue Reading...

Communism in Latin America

an offender, no-one may take away or damage anything that contributes to the preservation of someone else’s life, liberty, health, limb, or goods” (p. 4). Locke viewed it as the duty of government to do everything in its power to preserve the well-being of the commonweal. This is essentially the view of the U.S. It is also highly Machiavellian. Bolsonaro, for instance, has stated, “I am in favor of torture — you know that. And the people are in favor of it, too” (Simoes, 2018). Machiavelli would have prescribed the same sort of solution for a leader to use… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

the law. [55: Patrick, ed., Handbook of Psychopath, 2nd ed., 78] VI. Civil Commitment: Societal Safety v. Individual liberty Involuntary hospitalization (civil commitment) has been around for a long time, and has been used primarily as an approach towards the restriction of an individual’s freedom in those instances whereby the individual in question suffers from a psychiatric disorder that triggers significant changes in behavior – thereby necessitating quick action. With reference to psychopaths, civil commitment is in essence an interaction of sorts between the legal and the medical system, which ought to be seen as an attempt to ensure that… Continue Reading...

Comparing Nations Civil Order Control

the seat of power. The U.S. on the other hand has a strong vested interest in giving states their liberty to some degree to handle local matters on their own and to oversee matters in so far as they determine themselves able to do so. The U.S. has a much stronger tradition of independence within its internal system of politics and government so that is where the main factor for its approach to civil order control comes from. China is a nation of totalitarian control, like the KSA, and so its methods reflect that cultural and political factor. The… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

the legislative, and the judicial, and that system was based on the doctrines of the Revolution—equality and liberty being the core ideals that launched the governmental structure in initially. Over time, it changed to develop more totalitarian characteristics. For example, beyond the three branches of state power are the lobbies—the special interest groups that throw money at elected (and unelected) officials to gain leverage in the government. Then there are the businesses, the major corporations that cozy up alongside government—companies like Google, Amazon, Lockheed Martin, Goldman Sachs, and so on—corporations that make sure they get the best deals and… Continue Reading...

The Reagan Administration U S Diplomatic Relations with the Uk Throughout the Falkland War

The Thatcher administration also held the same principles of justice, liberty and democracy as the Reagan administration. In other words, the two countries were like two sides of the same coin in terms of what the administrations stood for. The Argentinian military regime, on the other hand, did not stand for the same principles. The regime was known for human rights abuses and obviously did not stand for democracy. This made it easy for the US to support the UK when the right time came (“Crisis in the South Atlantic,” N.D.). This is because the US would feel that… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

wrong reasons; it could have easily imparted a cohesive national character based on the principles of “ liberty and justice for all,” but was instead viewed as an attempt to create a tyrannical regime. Driven by self-interest and unwilling to work together with their compatriots in the northeast, settlers eyeing new western territories laid the seeds for Civil War. They embraced anti-federalist sentiments during Westward Expansion because of a sense of entitlement and a belief in white supremacy. These settlers twisted their own Christian ethics into a warped, sociopathic worldview that culminated in the genocide of Native Americans and the… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

very soul. In the interests of preserving the fundamental tenets of liberty and justice, the federal court system is an imperfect but preferable option in terrorist cases. References Bennett, W.C. & Litt, R.S. (2009). Better rules for terrorism trials. Brookings Institute. https://www.brookings.edu/research/better-rules-for-terrorism-trials/ Greenberg, K.J. (2017). Prosecuting terrorists in civilian courts sill works. The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/11/isis-trump-terrorist-obama-court-military-guantanamo/546296/ “Myth v. Fact: Trying Terror Suspects in Federal Courts,” (2018). Human Rights First. https://www.humanrightsfirst.org/resource/myth-v-fact-trying-terror-suspects-federal-courts Continue Reading...

Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself As God's Work Of Art Changes Everything

(2017). Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself as God's Work of Art Changes Everything! Lynchburg, VA: liberty University Press. In today’s world, material wealth has become our ‘god’ (Hudson, 2010). We have structured the society in such a way that success is literally equated to wealth. From their early days in school, all the way to college, our children are being taught that the formula to success is simply working hard in school and getting a well-paying job. We have a society whereby people no longer appreciate the intrinsic value of things – instead, they are mesmerized by the price. It… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

J. (2012). Sunday Review: How Corporations Behave. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/02/opinion/sunday/sunday-dialogue-how-corporations-behave.html Plato. (2010). The Dialouges, vol. 1. Online Library of liberty. Retrieved from http://lf-oll.s3.amazonaws.com/titles/111/Plato_0131-01_EBk_v6.0.pdf Rose, C. (1994). Interview with Sir James Goldsmith. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PQrz8F0dBI   Continue Reading...

International Law and World Government

the ICJ. As a matter of law principle, therefore, members are at liberty to adopt decisions that they deem fit (Posner, 2014. 5). The ICJ does not have the mandate to prosecute individual cases. Citizens in a given country do not have the liberty to appeal decisions made by their highest courts. Only states that can present cases to the ICC and defend the same cases. There is a huge loophole for abuse of minority communities and individual victims of human rights abuses by agents of the state (Cohen et.al 2017. 4). There have been accusations that the ICJ… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

the free exercise thereof.” Thus, there was a direct connection between Voltaire’s promotion of religions liberty (the separation of church and state in Europe) and the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. As Cobbs shows, Jefferson was all for the protection of religious liberty—which he demonstrated in his proposal to protect religious freedom in 1786 (Cobbs). Even the Declaration of Independence was rooted in Enlightenment ideology. Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, for instance, wrote that people had the right “to change a government that did not protect natural rights of life, liberty and property” (“The Beginnings of Revolutionary Thinking”). The… Continue Reading...

Black Power and Black Feminism

been that people are created equal and are endowed with a natural right to pursue life, liberty and happiness. For many minorities and marginalized persons in America, however, the Dream has a way of turning into a nightmare. Whether because of segregation, Jim Crow laws, gender pay gaps, or all manner of harassment (both sexual and racial), the theme of “power, inequality and conflict” has been a constant one throughout American history. While Du Bois explores this theme in “The Conversation of Races,” it is Patricia Hill Collins who is most helpful in providing understanding of this theme. That… Continue Reading...

Globalization and International Political Economy

Hendrik. Economic growth and development. World Scientific Publishing Company, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3c8zRQ27rNo https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQIVIYCZ4ec https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76FsIlO06Xs https://www-jstor-org.ezproxy. liberty.edu/stable/2647061?pq (origsite=summon&seq=3#metadata_info_tab_contents)   Continue Reading...

Rousseau and Human Rights

Era philosopher helped pave the way for the French Revolution with its insistence on liberty, fraternity and equality. A century and a half later, those same ideals would still hold significant appeal for the Western nations, especially following two World Wars in the 20th century that decimated Europe and parts of Asia. Liberalism was the main driver of the UN’s declaration of human rights—but the coming Cold War, the onset of which was very much in the minds of world leaders immediately following the carve-up of Europe between the unlikely Allies (capitalists in the West, Communists in the East),… Continue Reading...

Biblical Counseling in Real Life

he thinks the Declaration of Independence is his guide—as though life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness were what mattered most. The Declaration of Independence has little to do with Christ. Christ made no such promises and He Himself suffered crucifixion and many martyrs suffered death for their faith. Change that is focused on simply becoming “happy” is not sufficient for the Christian Counselor. The formula for change therefore has to start with the Word of God. Balance of Theology and Spirituality Theology and spirituality are both important and the author recognizes that each has to play an equal… Continue Reading...

Reason for Supporting the American Revolution

with the Revolutionaries, who were fighting for the right to have “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” as they stated in the Declaration of Independence. I would have stood with Thomas Jefferson who wanted the Crown of the business of the colonies as they had their own forms of government, their own ideas, each one uniquely driven by the character and will of their people. The colonies were not the brain child of the King; rather, they went to America to elude the reach of the King. England had become a land of persecution and tyranny. The colonists… Continue Reading...

Trump Versus Hawaii

courts had to consider this fact since they are at liberty to rule for or against the issue at hand. Various interpretations of the law took effect since it was not important at the time to look at all the issues of social and economic effects. The important factor in this case was security. Most immigrants are hardworking people, this is a fact. Another fact is some immigrant come in the United States with bad intentions. To weed out these people, there has to be a law to detect and prevent them from pursuing their goals in the country… Continue Reading...

Perspectives from the Liberals and Conservatives About Government Functions

necessity of the government to handle difficulties. (Graham et.al 2009) Conservatives emphasize on individual liberty, personal responsibility and free markets. In this case the government’s role should be to empower people to be able to pursue their goals and solve their own problems. (Lakoff, 1997) Both liberals and conservatives have various policies. The first policy we will talk about is death penalty. According to liberals, death penalty is ‘cruel and unusual’ and it should be abolished as every instance such an execution is made, there is a risk of killing an innocent person. However, conservatives believe that death penalty is… Continue Reading...

Power and Authority Shifts

lofty conquests over nature—which was traditionally viewed as God’s realm. Kennedy also believe that notions of liberty and wealth are mechanisms reflecting the right and responsibility of man’s power. Money is quintessentially a human concept, and the basis for a free rich society to assist “the poor” (Kennedy), which Kennedy sanctions. Wealth and liberty do not factor into Lincoln’s speech, because those are manmade means of power. His speech is about God’s power and responsibility. Kennedy’s focus on wealth and liberty, space exploration, and waging war demonstrates power and responsibility have shifted to men. Lincoln’s contextualization of God in his… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory

theory stated there. According to Dr. Lawson from counseling department at liberty University, this is known as a two-book theory. He stated that God holds a written revelation as well as a spoken revelation, which is the world. The two of them should go hand in hand and if they do not, it means that they are based on human understanding (Carter & Narramore, 1979, p. 13), if it is found in the Bible or in the natural life. Paul also gave his sentiments on this topic to the Church of Rome around two thousand years ago. The translation… Continue Reading...