Literature Essays


Death of a Salesman Essay

In Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, the Lowman family finds it quite difficult to decode and differentiate between the real and illusion. This theme of reality versus illusion continues throughout the play, which in the end leads to the death of the protagonist, Willy Lowman. The key element of the play encompasses the value and importance of the American dream of becoming successful. The play is set up in the 1940s era when men in America were determined to be successful, not only in the pursuit of provisioning for their families, but also in living a life where they Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

  In this To Kill a Mockingbird essay example, the exploration of race and family will play a role in how the characters are experienced by the reader. A look at setting, an emphasis on characters like Aunt Alexandra, will help provide the kind of context needed to explore the topic further. The topic of family is an interesting area to cover because it is a personal and private attempt of the writer to showcase feelings that he or she may not otherwise show in their own lives. Novels like To Kill a Mockingbird offer a glimpse into ideals or Continue Reading...

Literature Resource Center

Our literature resource center offers a brief overview and introduction to world literature. While many English-language literature courses focus solely on novels written by English-speaking writers and from a Western-perspective, world literature courses take a global perspective, including novels written about different countries and novels by authors who were raised in those countries along with novels written by English-speaking authors about the English-speaking world. Taken as a whole, these novels offer insight into life around the globe. World literature Reading List… Continue Reading...

Learning Organization

customers, and challenges in strategic capacities (Shah, Irani, & Sharif, 2016). The team of researchers provided a lot of literature that showed a range of factors that illustrate the attitude, beliefs and intention of human beings; as a result of their unique life experiences. The development of human resource data base, however, by use of advanced IT could be of help in understanding such human behavior and attitudes in the period of change within organizations. A range of methods to collect employee information can be used before launching the change process (Shah, Irani, & Sharif, 2016). There are many attempts… Continue Reading...

Quantitative Research

focus groups help access data types that cannot be conveniently acquired using alternative techniques. Review of the Related literature Are the articles relevant with previous studies and theories described? Justify your response. (2) Response: Yes, the articles are relevant with previous studies and theories described. The paper selectively limits its literature review to resources most pertinent to the subject. Some sections of the article are composed based on prior analyses. For instance, it states that Donovan and Hagan's (2012) concept analysis defined the term 'self-advocacy' among cancer survivors, as a major antecedent characteristic internalization, which entails offering assistance and promoting… Continue Reading...

Amazon Communication Plan

to change and communication Communication plays a significant role in change processes. Organizational change and communication are intricately associated processes. literature indicates that change is a communicative challenge and that communication procedures and practices are intrinsically a part of change implementation activities. The strategy and demeanor of strategy communication in change processes necessitate decisions that incorporated similar viewpoints of analysis and a comparative effort, but that might be significant to curtail the resistance to change (Mckay et al., 2013). Communication within the framework of change has been perceived as a manner to enlighten, encompass and even influence collaborators to contribute… Continue Reading...

Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

in the present day (reflected, for instance, in the aforementioned cited literature, which aren't reliant on social science). This is particularly so because social scientists are themselves in disagreement with regard to acceptable policies and theories for bringing about improvements in the poor's conditions, among other things. No implication may be seen or construed in the whole of the aforementioned advocacy that theology must concern itself entirely with examining the social consequences of its thought system. Theology's chief issue is not our world's wellbeing; rather, its focus is the Trinity's glorification. However, as indicated by Barnes (2001), the world's… Continue Reading...

Special Education in Miami Dade

your citation? Also how does technology cut down expenses. Please be sure your statements are supported by the literature and connect well to the study. Comment by Steve Moskowitz: This does not make sense. One article notes teacher's attitudes towards technology as being the main barriers for integration. "Teachers' own beliefs and attitudes about the relevance of technology to students' learning were perceived as having the biggest impact on their success" (Ertmer, Ottenbreit-Leftwich, Sadik, Sendurur, & Sendurur, 2012, p. 423). If teachers believe they do not need to use technology to instruct students or they do not feel they… Continue Reading...

Political Structures in the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

in this era, and gunpowder's application developed swiftly as well. With respect to literature, numerous great poets and scholars, like Su Shi, Zhuxi, Shen Kuo, Ouyang Xiu, and Sima Guang emerged, contributing to the dynasty's splendid culture (Chafilwa, 2012). References Ahmed, F. (2015, July 26). Political structures, and social and economic life of early Chinese Dynasties (Sui, Tang & Song). Retrieved August 21, 2016, from Wordpress: https://michaelahmed.net/2015/07/26/political-structures-and-social-and-economic-life-of-early-chinese-dynasties-sui-tang-song/ Chafilwa, Z. (2012, August 28). World Civilizations. Retrieved August 21, 2016, from Docslide: http://docslide.us/documents/assignment-05-the-sui-tang-and-song-dynasties.html Continue Reading...

Book Of Acts History or Theology

of the verbiage about him is not disproven in the Bible or any other literature about the same. Beyond that, there is a lot of material in the Bible that is indeed confirmed by other sources. While noting that the book of Acts is a "propaganda narrative," historian Adrian Sherwin-White admits that there are a lot of matters and details in the Book of Acts that are seemingly true when comparing and contrasting to the words and details found in historical texts outside of the Bible. For example, the identities given for the Chief Magistrates as being "praetors" and… Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

Bahamas. www.newyorktimes.com Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/03/travel/off-the-tourist-grid-in-the-bahamas.html?_r=0 Nixon, A. (2011). Imaginings in/of Paradise: Bahamian literature and the culture of a tourist economy. Anthurium: A Carribean Studies Journal. 8(1), 1-22. The Commonwealth. (2016). Bahamas, the: Constitution and politics. http://thecommonwealth.org/ Retrieved from http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/bahamas/constitution-politics Continue Reading...

Australian Curriculum

on the teaching and so forth. This report shall be a literature review of both the good and bad things that have emerged when it comes to the Australian Curriculum and an overall verdict shall be offered at the end of this report. While there are certain flaws when it comes to any government bureaucracy or system, the Australian Curriculum has mostly been a success by any reasonable standard.   literature Review A strong measure of any curriculum is the knowledge that it imparts when it is executed and followed. A study authored in 2015 looked specifically at geography… Continue Reading...

Postoperative Nursing Management

Nursing, pp. 137-145. Grote, E., 2008. Principles and Practices of Cultural Competency: A Review of the literature. Indigenous Higher Education Advisory Council (IHEAC), pp. 1-52. Ingram, R., 2012. Using Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence model to examine the relationship between health literacy and cultural competence.. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), pp. 695-704. Kirpalani, S., Schnipper, J. & Coleman, E., 2007. Promoting effective transitions of care at hospital discharge: A review of the key issues for hospitals. Journal of Hospital Medicine, pp. 314-323. Vera, M., 2013. 8 Cholecystectomy Nursing Care Plans. [Online] Available at: http://nurseslabs.com/8-cholecystectomy-nursing-care-plans/ [Accessed 12 August 2016]. Washington, D.… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

consequently implies that a rather large share of the Caucasian population is impacted. A large body of chiefly-qualitative literature exists on the impact of the rapid modern technological, economic, and social changes on Caucasian households and communities. Although numerous linkages exist between this literature's findings and issues linked to drug abuse, investigating these linkages lies beyond the scope of this research.   Introduction Bayer introduced the opiate drug (obtained from Papaver Somniferum (opium poppy)) -- heroin -- to the world in the year 1895, to serve as a cough depressant. In the present day, heroin consumption, particularly via injections, constitutes… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

touted as a good thing, there are some bad things that have to be pointed out as well. literature Review One thing that cannot really argued about globalization and Mexico is that it truly did start off with a bang. Indeed, the years that ran from 1870 to 1911 show that there was a "vast wave" of technology imports into the country of Mexico during that time period. This allowed for a good amount of economic growth in the area as this wave developed and continued. These imports were shown to be stimulating the patenting activity that was happening in… Continue Reading...

Profound Lessons from Childrens Stories

3 August 2016, from http://journaltimes.com/lifestyles/relationships-and-special-occasions/in-what-light-there-is-turtles-burps-and-protest/article_b342cd28-324a-11e1-9ab8-001871e3ce6c.html Teaching Civics. (2016). TEACHING CIVICS THROUGH literature. Teaching Civics. Retrieved 3 August 2016, from http://teachingcivics.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Yertle-the-Turtle.pdf Continue Reading...

Changing Psychological Contract Implications for Hrm

contract, and create new contracts that are favorable to both the employer and the employee. With reference to literature in the area of organizational behavior and HRM, this paper explores the changing employer-employee relationship and its implications on HRM. First, a comprehensive definition of the notion of psychological contract is offered. Attention is then paid to factors responsible for the changing employer-employee relationship, possible consequences of the new relationship, and the actions HRM can resort to, to create contracts that resonate with the modern work environment. The Changing Employer-Employee Relationship and Implications on HRM The notion of the psychological… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

Dr. Nora Hadi Q. Alsaeed. (2014). AFRICAN-AmericanS AND WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION. European Journal of English Language and literature Studies, 56-76. Harold Andrew Patrick, & Vincent Raj Kumar. (2012). Managing Workplace Diversity. SAGE Open Journals. Jeffrey C. Connor. (2000, September - October). It Wasn't About Race. Or Was It? Harvard Business Review. Maria del Carmen Triana, Mevan Jayasinghe, & Jenna R. Pieper. (2015). Perceived workplace racial discrimination and its correlates: A meta-analysis. Management Department Faculty Publications, 491-513. Reginald A. Byron. (2010). Discrimination, Complexity, and the Public/Private Sector Question. Work and Occupations, 435-475. Continue Reading...

Research Approaches in Maritime Security

analysis of the question at hand. The study will develop a literature review of the knowledge on the Maritime Security and the (ISPS) Code presence and functionalities. Further, the study will collect data using different methodologies, analyses the data, present the data, and made conclusions and recommendations for further study. Use of the data and information Maritime Security is one of the main organs that serve to protect the sovereignty of the port facilities, vessels, and everything that is concerned with the port activities in the world. Every piece of information that is recovered for the sake of boosting… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Philanthropic Foundations

variables and outcomes in this respect. The secondary purpose of the study is to fill the gap in literature that looks at internal corporate factors and their affect on philanthropic activities. The aim of the study is to see how corporate governance can best be arranged so that philanthropic organizations succeed and social responsibility levels are maintained at a degree equal to corporate aims related to profit. The study uses upper echelons theory as a framework for approaching the subject. The method of gathering data employed in this study was a systematic review of a selected sample from the… Continue Reading...

Project Management Fundamentals

installing the new system throughout the geographically dispersed stores. Project management literature provides a number of techniques that can be used to overcome this challenge, such as the work breakdown structure (WBS) and the project schedule (Kerzner, 2009; Meredith and Mantel, 2011). A WBS would be important in ensuring the new system is installed without interrupting daily business activities. The tool enables the project manager to decompose the entire project into smaller, more manageable deliverables (Meredith and Mantel, 2011). This provides a basis for schedule development and resource allocation (Berkun, 2008). In this case, the project includes deliverables such… Continue Reading...

Open Source Software

unrestricted software redistribution, source code access, source code modification, and distribution of the software's modified version. Review of literature OSS originates from the following 3 operating systems' creation -- Linux, UNIX, and GNU. Right from the start, OSS has been linked closely to academia. The origins of UNIX lie in the 60's joint venture between Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Bell Labs, for developing the novel "Multics" operating system. Drawing on that project, a few programmers came up with the flexible UNIX operating system (Gaff & Ploussios, 2012). Educational institutions could buy source codes of UNIX at an appreciably… Continue Reading...

Ethical Responses to Nsw Case Scenarios

that disagrees with the decision made by the head of the school. Available literature on best practice suggests a level of agreement regarding the treatment of such a case. The Range of Possible Actions and the Teaching Practice Implications I would advise teacher B. to evolve a way of learning how to disagree with the school head and still maintain a healthy working relationship. Principals are impressed with teachers who are focused on their duties at school and those that are willing to carry an extra load just to make the school better. Principals also hold in high esteem… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

key community-level breastfeeding obstacles may be classified under two broad heads. literature extensively documents male displeasure with breastfeeding being done in public. Some research works clearly reveal males' greater likelihood to disapprove, as compared to females (Avery, A. B. & Magnus, J. H., 2011). One important discovery that emerged after a focus group study performed in three major American cities was that African as well as Caucasian males and females expressed disapproval of public breastfeeding, with some males even accepting the incongruities between breast exposures in public within cultural contexts as opposed to exposure during breastfeeding. Several researches with expecting… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

a study by Lapelle (2004) that used word tables for coding the results of literature reviews, interviews and responses to open-ended questions. Although there were no unusual circumstances were encountered during this phase of the study, it was noted that there were no survey instruments available with proven reliability and validity that were designed to measure intergenerational differences in social media usage making the use of the custom table highly appropriate for the purposes of this study. b. Instrumentation. The instrument used for data collection for this study is shown in Table 1 below together with a summary of… Continue Reading...

Effect Of Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

job satisfaction and leadership approach will be studied, by reviewing scholarly literature on the subject.   Gender Impacts on Leadership Approach and Job Satisfaction A majority of research works have concluded that the male leadership style was more efficient than that followed by female leaders, and is accepted more readily as an efficient management norm (Jackson et al., 2014). The abovementioned popular view of effective leadership by males was explained using the argument that females in leadership roles were more supportive and less aggressive. They characteristically aid and encourage their subordinates, are flexible, and evade conflict through cooperative discussions.… Continue Reading...

Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

be essential for the success of leadership in organizations and literature have initiated proposals concerning EI having a link with the transformational style of leadership. Moreover, high EI scores make work pleasant and efficient as it relates to various job-related outcomes that include performance, citizen behavior, leadership success, academic success and retention and quality problem-solving techniques (Lam & Higgins, 2013). For instance, the dimensions under scrutiny for transformational leadership are 'individualized consideration', 'inspiration,' and the ability to motivate others (Genderen, 2003, p. 233). Lam and Higgins see EI as important for groups, individuals and organizations because it has a… Continue Reading...

Mark and Mathews Presentation Of Jesus’ Disciples

only hallmark of a faithful disciple.[footnoteRef:7] [7: P. Achemeier, Introducing the New Testament: Its literature and Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. 2001), 146.] Mark is only trying to warn the believers that discipleship comes with a price, and that may be suffering sometimes. He is trying to alert them to prepare to be steadfast if an opportunity for death or suffering arises. This is in emulation of Christ as He suffered on the cross and died. Indeed, the ones who publicly seek to spread the gospel are likely to encounter suffering or even be killed.… Continue Reading...

Csi Effect

CSI on criminal justice system. The paper reviews previous literature on the subject. Background According to a survey that was recently conducted, most jurors today expect more forensic evidence in crime cases as a result of the TV program: Crime Scene Investigation. Indeed, many jurors also believe that CSI has made the conviction process all the more harder (Hughes & Magers, 2007). In the summary of the analysis of 318 magazine and newspaper articles focusing on the effects of CSI, up to 8.5% made reference to quotes associated with a judge. Justice Scalia is reported to have mentioned the… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Change Management

the process, as well as addressing any concerns that may stand in the way of implementation. Change management literature extensively demonstrates the importance of active involvement of employees in avoiding or minimising human resistance to change (Cummings & Worley, 2013; Hayes, 2014). References Cummings, T., & Worley, C. (2013). Organisation development and change. 10th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning. Flamholtz, E., & Randle, Y. (2011). Corporate culture: the ultimate strategic asset. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Simerson, B. (2011). Strategic planning: a practical guide to strategy formulation and… Continue Reading...

Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

common and inherent and the precise causes and potential results need to be explored. literature Review There are so many directions that one could go with the brief literature review that underpins this proposal. However, the author of those proposal will go in directions that are perhaps less traveled and well-known to people that are familiar with this subject. Indeed, one source reveals that evne with the higher propensity of fetuses to end up with birth defects when it comes to women that are older than 35, there are many women in that age group that actively avoid or at… Continue Reading...

Karen Refugees Of America

independence. This has led to some Karen people leaving the country and moving to the United States as Refugees. This literature review aims to understand the nature of the problem that resulted in migration of Karen people to other countries like the United States, what barriers they meet when they are relocated, and what is needed to bridge the gap. The literature review will examine three key areas that will also give a deeper understanding into the origins of the refugee status as well as what happens after they make the change to living in a place like the United… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

among African nations if peace and tranquility is to be achieved. literature Review Findings African countries have made commendable efforts to combat terrorism. Efforts have been made at both local and national levels to eliminate the danger by way of trying to establish the origins of these problems. African Union members states have agreed to adopt conventions and similar instruments that provide a universal framework for getting rid of the problem. They strongly committed to the antiterrorism crusade in 1999 when they adopted the OAU convention on prevention and combating terrorism (Fulgence, 2015; Bamfo, 2013). The amount of manpower, technological… Continue Reading...

Systematic Review

G-I-N;www.g-i-n.net, (www.guideline.gov), (www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines/index.htm), (www.nice.org.uk) and (SIGN;www.sign.ac.uk). The searches for literature were conducted by an experienced expert in information (LP) (Al-Ansary et al., 2013). To ensure dependability, there was training before the process of study selection began, by randomly sampling 25 citations. There were two reviewers who autonomously screened the results of the search for inclusion by means of a relevance method form that was pre-defined. The full-text paper was acquired for possibly significant CPGs and they were then independently screened by the two reviewers. Discord that occurred at any point was dealt with through dialogue or through a third… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics

out and copying applications. Ethical Issues for Cindy Substantial evidence from literature suggests that people working long hours, or on regular unconventional shifts (for instance, evening and night shifts), are highly prone to sickness and injury. Additionally, researchers have revealed that fatigue-linked errors among workers with highly-demanding work schedules have potential serious and negative public safety consequences. Consequently, bearing the above concerns in mind, the U.S. is witnessing increased support for novel protective legislation, for instance, for restricting work hours in the nursing and overall healthcare field. Cindy may become susceptible to the aforementioned effects owing to her unnecessary late hours… Continue Reading...

Fairy Stories

of what it is in relation to the value of creative thinking and imagination. literature is created from the primary imagination which is also referred to as an echo from the primary imagination. This is also the force and living power behind all human perception. This is a repetition of the eternal act of creation as is encased in the creation by the infinite "I AM." The fairy story and triology are nothing but creation. It is the crafting of the secondary universe by imagination. Essentially, that aspect is the outstanding activity of the maker of the fairy story.… Continue Reading...

Enhancing Ship and Port Security Globally

start to the end as a way of making the research study a success. literature Review According to Mcnicholas (2008), the International Ship and Port Facility Code represent a comprehensive conglomerate of measures that work to enhance the security of the port facilities together with the ships. This code was developed as a response to the probable threats to the port facilities and ships after the occurrence of the 9/11 attacks in the United States of America. Therefore, the core and initial aim of this code are to offer immediate security detail to the port facilities together with the ships… Continue Reading...

Argument Against Portuguese New World Involvement

Men Folly The work of Restall covers a lot of ground when it comes to classic literature. One of the approaches and treatments that is common in such literature is the concept of "great men." Of course, the topic is a bit silly and under-informed nowadays. This brief essay will cover why precisely this is the case and it will use Restall's work in Seven Myths as the main sources of analysis to make that case. While the use of "great men" in classic literature is to be expected and customary, an obvious modern case can and should… Continue Reading...

Nursing Theory into Action

"Evidence-based practice article reviews using CASP tools: A method for teaching EBP." This work of literature is based on the notion that evidence-based practice is critical to the practice of nursing. It denotes exactly just what evidence-based practice involves, utilizing information gained from clinical trials and other forms of evidence as the means of effecting better nursing treatment. The most interesting facet of this article is the notion that evidence-based practice is best learned, or perhaps gleaned, via reading articles. Specifically, this approach is contrasted with that of simply taking a course in EBP. By incorporating the learning of… Continue Reading...

Diversity Management

The importance of workforce diversity is broadly appreciated in management and organizational behavior literature (Yang & Konrad, 2011). Nonetheless, reaping the benefits of diversity management may not be as straightforward as often thought. Employers must have the right organizational design in place if they are to effectively reap the benefits of workforce diversity. First, it is important to have a broader vision of inclusion. It is often assumed that diversity is just about increasing the number of women and minorities in the workforce. Nonetheless, diversity transcends common demographic attributes -- it also entails acknowledging differences in identity… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

continued for an extended period, results of the study are beneficial to the prevailing literature on the realigning of the relationships between parents and children in three particular ways. To begin with, the results of the study indicate that alterations in parent-child communication occurs not only during the initial phase of adolescence, but also prevails throughout the middle to late phases of adolescence. Secondly, there was a disparity in timing of fluctuations in the behavior of parents and children. Third, from the results, there appears to be significant gender dissimilarities in parent -- child communication in the culminating phase… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Understanding

process to ensure clarity with regard to one's societal status and ascertain how to improve it. • Include multicultural literature in school curricula to help kids discover the important contributions of different cultures to human civilization. Multicultural education aims at: • Familiarizing students with other nations and cultures. • Helping them understand and get used to the concept of diverse ways of living, views, languages, and cultures. • Developing positive feelings towards multicultural learning experiences to ensure all kids feel appreciated and included, as well as develop respect and amicability towards other cultural/ethnic groups. • Ensuring both parents and educators… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Personality Traits

is inconducive to the sort of assertive personality traits that engender a positive effect. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION A review of literature apropos to the notion of entrepreneurship and personality traits associated with performance outcomes uncovers the reality that the most efficacious qualities are those associated with assertive behavior. These include risk-taking, innovativeness, aggression, and proactiveness. These characteristics are devoid of emotion. Those that do pertain to emotion show a positive effect for qualities that restrain it, control it, and demonstrate mastery over one's emotions. A surplus of excitement or happiness is contradictory to achieving performance outcomes. References Baron, R.A., Hmielski, K.,… Continue Reading...

Covidien Incontinence Briefs

solution to the common nursing home/rehabilitation center situation mentioned above. Background & Review of literature So as to inform and justify the reason for this research, the author of this proposal would be prudent to review and cover why precisely this research could be helpful. One reason why focusing on toileting-related undergarments is important is that the alternate solutions to dealing with this subject are simply not as effective and all-encompassing as what is otherwise possible and practical. Just as one example, the very idea that qualified nurses, LPN's and other nursing professionals can be provided in what is anywhere… Continue Reading...

Theoretical Perspectives and Organizational Practices

Even so, the study makes a valuable contribution to the literature on the relationship between diversity management and organizational outcomes. Overall, Soni's (2000) and Pitts' (2009) studies provide important implications for practice. In today's world, no organization, regardless of size or sector/industry of operation, can afford to ignore the topic of diversity. Organizations now exist in a more diverse environment in the wake of factors such as globalization and worldwide economic integration. They operate in diverse geographical regions and serve populations of diverse backgrounds, which provide an even greater impetus to take diversity more seriously. Additionally, owing to factors… Continue Reading...

Fiber Composite Article Review

to previous studies suggesting scattered results exist within the literature concerning composite reinforced mechanical properties. General findings as well as practical implications revealed that this study was the first to explore Glass/Epoxy/Flax mechanical properties for the use of orthopedic application like bone plating. Of the limitations discussed one noted the curvature of the plate playing a significant part in the stabilization of bone fragments within the fracture site. The authors used nothing but straight specimens that could have affected general stiffness including ultimate strength. For instance, curvature may minimize compressive load-to-failure. Considerations for future work concerns biocompatibility that includes… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

in the Netherlands and numerous preceding findings in the literature regarding the determining factors of mental budgeting are reproduced. One of the inferences made is that higher education is linked with lower mental budgeting in comparison to intermediate and lowers education. This is largely because it stirs more analytical thinking. Secondly, having saved goals is linked with additional mental budgeting for the reason that objectives for saving bring about labels for mental accounts and therefore enabling mental budgeting. Third, on one hand, long-term time orientation positively influences mental budgeting whereas short-term time orientation has an adverse impact. Knowledge of… Continue Reading...

Prophet’s Night Journey Ascension in Islamic Literature

[Qur'an. 53: 1-18] Examination of the Prophet's Night Journey and Ascension in Islamic literature A majority of Islamic scholars are in agreement with the fact that the Mi'raj occurred spiritually as well as physically, as the Holy Qur'an clearly points this out in the aforementioned verse using the word 'abdihi' [which means His servant/bondman] which incorporates both soul and body. The Qur'an as well as the Prophetic Traditions (Ahadith) discuss the occasion of Mi'raj. Yet some scholars raise doubts regarding whether the Ascension of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a dream or a reality. Most believe in the physical nature… Continue Reading...

Former Prophets

rule. The Former Prophets' established framing is achieved via a sound interpretative process, which typically rearranges literature in a canonical form, out of something that it earlier wasn't. 2. What does it mean that Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings are a single literary piece written from a single interpretive angle? It was a bold suggestion by Noth, challenging scholars who viewed Joshua, Samuel, Kings, and Judges as a compilation of numerous sources, that the comprehensive "historical" chronicle must be comprehended canonically as one single work of literature penned from one single interpretative perspective as a treatise on Jerusalem's destruction… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Research Annotated Bibliography

used to support research reports. Grounded Theory Ramalho, R., Adams, P., Huggard, P., & Hoare, K. (2015, September). literature Review and Constructivist Grounded Theory Methodology. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(3). It is argued by the authors for the grounded theory to be true and accurate; there should not be a literature review as a predate collection step. The method discourages literature review before actual data collection and consequent analysis. literature review is seen as a constraint to the research rather than a guide. Of course, this is a little confusing for a researcher pursuing grounded theory methodology… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

education teachers so they can handle the difficulties associated with transitions. Research and literature provide the basis from which these changes can take place. Schools must make decisions based on best practices so training opportunities for special education teachers are not squandered. If public schools' successful technology integration, especially in special education, there may be a higher likelihood of improved inclusion between regular education and special education students. Teachers will also be able to instruct students with tools that provide custom-made curriculum. Technology is the best way to help teachers adopt new ways of teaching and enable new ways of… Continue Reading...

Teaching and Learning

J., 2012. What makes great pedagogy?. National College of School Leadership. literature, on the whole, does not focus much on the subject of what effective teaching entails; that is, how an effective educator must behave and act and how he/she must facilitate good learning. This article's author uses research literature for presenting sound arguments regarding highly effective instruction's characteristics, including using 'stories' as a tool to help learners with new fields of study. Sound proof exists of effective instruction resulting from seriously considering students' voice. The journal has been cited in (Grigg, 2016). Educators must not only hear students out,… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Africa Study Design

design by analyzing the relationship between qualitative variables. Data could be collected both from conducting a literature review on the issue of Boko-Haram in Africa and by conducting interviews and surveys. Interviews could be used to gather qualitative data and surveys could be used to gather quantitative data. Correlation analysis could be conducted with the quantitative data and regression analysis could be conducted with the qualitative data. Information obtained via interviews will only for a better understanding of the personal experience that individuals have in the situation being studied, while surveys can help provide the researcher with statistical information… Continue Reading...

Role Of Deuteronomistic History in Enhancing Biblical Undertanding

history, especially in Joshua and Samuel. Nonetheless, using the older sources made no significant changes to the literature since most of the sources used have been uncovered through methods of criticisms by historians. In Kings, we see DH using three sources (1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29) and for Joshua, he adapted previous collections of the conquest stories (Joshua 2-11). Unifying techniques in the DH The unifying techniques DH employs are both structural and thematic means for this sprawling work. The use of chronology is an important unifying method used and for the first part, Deuteronomy to I Kings 8,… Continue Reading...

Recycling Research Proposal

only on the U.S. due these limitations. This proposal presents a literature review, looking at the relevant issues associated with the study, and then a methodology which may be used to assess the ethical and economic issues. 3. literature Review 3.1 Defining Recycling The concept of recycling may appear simple; waste products are recovered and then reused in some way, which may require processing (Gandy, 2014). The Environmental Protection Act defines, as well as reclamation and reuse as a "method, technique or process designed to remove any contaminant from waste so as to render such waste reusable, or any process… Continue Reading...

Health Disparities

has chiefly concentrated on ethnic/racial disparities. American and global literature addresses disparities based on sexual identity, gender, social class, economic capacity, and disability (Dehlendorf, Bryant, Huddleston, Jacoby, & Fujimoto, 2011). A study of health disparities between less- and more- advantaged individuals necessitates their proper identification and classification into 'groups'. Socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity definitions give rise to measurement issues that should be taken into account by researchers on health gaps. Ethnicity/race related measurement strategies include self-identification, genetic markers and third-party assignment. Although the former is often regarded as the reference point of comparison in case of non-genetic research,… Continue Reading...

Jerry Maguire Analysis

Man He Almost Is": Jerry Maguire and Judith Butler. Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American literature, Culture, and Theory, 62(4), 71-91 Goodykoontz, B. Jacobs, C PO. (2011). Film: From Watching the Seen, San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Gayles, J; Bird, S E. (2005), Jerry Maguire as 'Expeditionary Discourse' in Holloway, D; Beck, J, (2005), American Visual Cultures, New York, Bloomsbury. Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language,… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

people assume doctors and researchers know best when it comes to medical procedures and scientific literature. However, there is always room for error and it is not always wise to accept at face value what a doctor offers as a potential option for treatment or testing. The use of supporting evidence while beneficial in alleviating any potential worries, is not the full picture. However, claims are able to point the reader in the right direction of what information to explore. In the end, it takes more information and analysis to truly come to a conclusion. References Brezina, P., Brezina,… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Nigerian Writers in English

Kehinde's views; rather, it will look into the factors contributing to Nigerian literature's current state. The Journey So Far English literature by Nigerian writers has seen extraordinary headway over the last fifteen years, expressing the struggles faced by a nation that is transitioning from colonialism to independence to democracy. Following a long-drawn-out 1967-70 fratricidal internal conflict and the oil-boom-turned-oil-doom that led to political and social upsets, the country has still not recovered from, Nigerian writers would inevitably accept a challenge, in my opinion. They have developed the different forms of Nigerian literature into a societal act against new Nigerian… Continue Reading...

Working Women Breastfeeding

and social context. Research suggests a relationship between society's attitudes with regard to breastfeeding and its duration. literature on the topic reveals that breastfeeding promotion in society has an integral role to play in increasing breastfeeding rates; however, measures to support and protect breastfeeding need to be implemented simultaneously (National Breastfeeding Advisory Committee of New Zealand, 2009). Identified obstacles to the action plan may be classified into environmental and social factors, care quality and continuity. Numerous views and standards impact women's choice of breastfeeding technique, in the same way as numerous factors define breastfeeding duration. Earlier, breastfeeding was considered… Continue Reading...

Why Shelters Have More Female Volunteers

affected by their prior volunteer work than men are, is also substantiated by prior literature. Similarly, this hypothesis reflects the research by Stroup, Dodson, Elias & Gewirtzman (2015) showing that prior volunteer work that is rewarding motivates the volunteer to repeat their experience. Altruism begets more altruism, which is why animal shelters would then be advised to recruit children and young adults. Arguably, children instinctually enjoy the company of animals. Cultivating a child's innate sense of caring for pets through shelter work or at-home fostering of rescue animals may help volunteer-run animal welfare societies recruit part-time or full-time volunteers… Continue Reading...

Struggle Between Gods and Demons

too complex to be resolved with simplistic endings to divine conflicts. The canon of Hindu literature testifies to the struggle between light and darkness in human nature. Works Cited Doniger, Wendy. Hindu Myths: A Sourcebook. New York: Penguin, 1975. Doniger, Wendy. The Origins of Evil in Hindu Mythology. Continue Reading...

Review Of Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

gender differences in the workplace. He writes that recent literature has overwhelmingly managed to create a "virtual industry" for the relationship that exists between the aspects of gender differences and emotional intelligence (Quader, 2011). The trend of rising research on the phenomenon of emotional intelligence and it's influence on the corporate performance is not only limited or restricted to just the U.S. The proof of that was in a recent study conducted by Van Genderen (2012) who compared the research done with the U.S. to that conducted within Russia. The results of his comparison were astoundingly similar in terms… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

Transformational Leadership: An Investigation and Review of Competing Claims in the literature. American International Journal of Social Science, Vol. 2 No. 8. Quader, M. S. (2011). Leadership style and emotional intelligence: A gender comparison. Annamalai International Journal of Business Studies & Research, 3 (1), 1 -- 23. Van Genderen, E. (2012). Relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership style: A comparative-gender study. Review of International Comparative Management 13(2) 73, 224-236. Continue Reading...

What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism

limited population sample, and there are some issues that could detract from both internal and external validity. While literature does reveal gender differences in volunteering, there is a gap of literature in animal shelters in particular. There is also a gap in the literature regarding the role of men in volunteering, and what motivates men. If animal shelters need more volunteers, and they do, then animal shelters do need to know how to attract and retain more male volunteers. Using the standard methods of recruitment might recruit some men successfully but not retain them, or might continue to retain mainly… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried by Tim O’brien

of his fellow soldiers just like Christ, who undergoes pain for mankind. Shaping The Story O'Brien employs the tool of literature as a form of comfort and a way of getting accustomed to the horrible events he experienced as a soldier. His words imply that though he has made a success from writing and that his outpouring of memory via storytelling has helped him cope in society, he still strongly holds the opinion that certain experiences are simply unexplainable. What he believes is that every soldier enters this setting of fear, hazard, boredom and dread a mind-set that has been developed… Continue Reading...

The Secret Lion by Alberto Alvaro Rios Review

in yet another similar statement, "Everything changed. Just like That..." This literature provides both suggestive and hidden title. The Secret Lion has a symbolic significance. Such drawing is based on the number of experiences that the narrators were subjected to even as they made effort to conceal such experiences from their parents. For example, the boys first visit arroyo. Arroyo was cherished by the boys because it gave them freedom to pursue their desired activities uninterrupted. The narrator recounts that Arroyo made them have a chance to do what they wanted without anyone dictating anything to them (Rios 1). It… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

an oak tree (Thomson, 1971). Don Marquis' "Why Abortion is Immoral" Recent literature in philosophy has not supported the view that abortion is largely immoral. Notably, philosophers aligned to secular higher learning institutions think that opponents of abortion are merely irrational and detached from the realities of the time. They think that such people are showing symptoms of religious dogma that is irrational. They may also be victims of misleading sloppy sided philosophical arguments. Serious writers on the topic are of the view that the issue of whether it is right or wrong to carry out abortion is dependent on whether… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

of 35 has risks that are common and inherent and the precise causes and potential results need to be explored. literature Review There are so many directions that one could go with the brief literature review that underpins this proposal. However, the author of this proposal will go in directions that are perhaps less traveled and well-known to people that are familiar with this subject. Indeed, one source reveals that even with the higher propensity of fetuses to end up with birth defects when it comes to women that are older than 35, there are many women in that age… Continue Reading...

Role Of Labour Market Imperfections in Generating Unemployment

their European counterparts. This shows that labour market institutions and regulations may not be as detrimental as suggested by literature. If properly designed and implemented, labour market institutions and regulations may achieve positive outcomes as far as employment growth is concerned.      References Abbritti, M., Boitami, A. and Damiani, M. (2012): Labour market imperfections, “divine and     coincidence” and volatility of employment and inflation, Review of Economics and     Institutions, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-37.  Baker, D., Glyn, A., Howell, D. and Schmitt, J. (2004): Unemployment and labour market     institutions: the failure of the empirical case… Continue Reading...

Synthesizing a Paper

.....confusion over what a literature review should look or sound like. In some cases, a literature review may read like a summary of the articles reviewed. This often results in a poor-quality literature review. A good literature review should be a synthesis of the articles reviewed, not a summary (Ingram et al., 2006). Indeed, whereas summarizing and synthesizing are both useful reading and research strategies, it is important to note that there is a significant difference between the two. Each has its own purpose, process, and outcome. Generally, summarizing is a basic… Continue Reading...

Culture and Organization

wellbeing for individuals. This is particularly true if the environment encourages social interactions. Indeed, literature has demonstrated that social interactions in an organisation are crucial for generating positive emotions, which may in turn contribute to desirable employee outcomes such as lower cases of interpersonal conflict, reduced absenteeism, increased loyalty, and higher productivity (Biggio & Cortese, 2013). The connection between positive employee outcomes and positive organisational outcomes cannot be understated. Humans are naturally social beings, and their contact with others is as important as food and other basic needs. Since majority of adults spend a substantial portion of their life… Continue Reading...

Marketing

the well-being of the salesperson remains unaffected or improves (Kemp et al., 2012). literature Review Emotion regulation involves the process through which a person makes an effort to influence the kind of emotions they have, when they get to have these emotions and the way they experience and express them. Someone may regulate their emotions to simplify, intensify or dampen an existing emotion (Gross et al., 2006). Emotion regulation is not the same as coping as the focus of coping is reducing the bad effects of an event. Emotion regulation primarily focuses on the management of a person's subjective state.… Continue Reading...

Chinese Cultural Revolution

with the purpose of educating the public and offering them revolutionary principles and ideals. The art and literature that was delineated by these authors played a significant role in the sociopolitical realm and the demise of the Cultural Revolution (Barnstone 21). This paper will discuss the comparisons and contrasts of three poems written by these three remarkable poets, in relation to the Cultural Revolution. Bei Dao's "Resume" Bei Dao is a celebrated and distinguished story writer whose writing is cultivated by mixed emotions of apprehensive expectation and subdued fury. Bei Dao served as a Red Guard at the start… Continue Reading...

Business Leadership and Organizational Change

culture. Management commitment is a particularly vital success factor as far as change management is concerned. Change management literature extensively reiterates the influential role of the management or leadership in the change process (Kotter & Schlesinger, 2008; Hayes, 2014). Indeed, change management starts at the top. The CEO or the most authoritative figure in the organisation should provide the necessary support, guidance, and motivation if the change initiative is to be successful. Whenever there is a change, everyone in the organisation looks up the top management, meaning that the extent to which the management is committed to the change… Continue Reading...

Poems and Chinese Literature

Chinese Cultural Revolution in literature There are a number of stark images found in the works of literature reviewed by Dao, Cheng, and Hua in this assignment. Specifically, this paper details the imagery evinced in Bei Dao's "Resume," Gu Cheng's "Curriculum Vitae," and Yu Hua's "On the Road at Eighteen." That imagery and those works in general are thinly veiled allusions to the Chinese Cultural Revolution, which took places in the early to midway part of the 20th century. It largely appears as though the imagery evinced in… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

well as public policy. The paper is further developed through the aid of additional literature relevant to this topic. 2. Diversity is a tool for productivity and competitive advantage By means of individuals' collective and concentrated endeavors, material and financial resources are utilized to accomplish corporate objectives. However, there is a need to hone such efforts, capabilities and attitudes every now and again so as to optimize HR efficacy and help them tackle bigger challenges. No company can progress an inch without a workforce. Hence, HR management, which deals with handling companies' human component such that corporate aims and… Continue Reading...

Story Of Anyi Wang and Granny

a larger collection of the Columbia Anthology of Chinese literature. The second edition of that book was published in 2007 and includes the story referenced in this report. As one might expect, so much of what goes into Wang's work "Granny" and other works has its genesis in Wang's own perspective and life experiences. It obviously should not be assumed to be an autobiography but Wang is surely not speaking about the things and themes that she does without any personal or second-hand knowledge of what goes into all of these events and stories. Even if Wang herself had… Continue Reading...

Marx, Weber, Bourdieu, and Gramsci

the group with the most relevant political message. Pierre Bourdieu locates cultural power in education -- the arts, philosophy, literature, specifically: the arts have the power to inform and to segregate at an intellectual level; thus, the arts are where cultural power resides. Bourdieu states that the struggle for power "which opposes the intellectuals of the restricted field to the 'bourgeois'...[and] between the consecrated avant-garde and the new avant-garde' (Bourdieu "Principles for a Sociology of Cultural Works" 187). In other words, those who advance a particular artistic front are the ones who gain cultural power, since those who view works… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race,… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

populations in a given society. This scenario gives rise to numerous things including arts, literature, songs, and movies linked to this 'foreigner' feeling. But this hostility, dejection and dearth of opportunities lead to criminal tendencies. In case of the emergence of such a situation within any population, its self-identification transforms with its unique circumstances, leading to a distinct culture and language that is self-evident within many group-connected cultural artefacts. If criminal tendencies infiltrate the group, such culture and linguistic development leads to a mob language's creation, which works to organized crime groups' advantage. From this, it may be concluded… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

mechanism, unconsciousness, and many more. These notions have greatly contributed to films, literature, and theories such as feminism, psychology, philosophy and criticism. Freud is also known for theories such as unconscious mind, specifically those revolving around repression mechanism. He redefined sexual desire as mobile and believed that it is directed towards a wide variety of objects. His therapeutic techniques improved the understanding of transference in therapeutic relationship. The technique presumed that human beings are able to gain insight into the unconscious desires through dreams. Freud's psychoanalysis had an objective of bringing the repressed feelings and thoughts to consciousness. Freud's… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

logistics studies emerged from war-time needs including the need for transporting soldiers, rations and equipment to battlegrounds. Military literature beginning from the 19th-century U.S. Civil War depicts the word "logistics" being used specifically (Rutner et al., 2012). After World War II (WWII), scholars started separating logistics into military and commercial logistics in their works, and the phrase "business logistics" surfaced. Hence, although logistics has its roots in the military profession, it clearly moved over to the commercial arena. Thus, upon comparing commercial and military supply chains, one will expect that the latter enjoys appreciable advantage on account of its… Continue Reading...

A Qualitative Study Of Technology

important therefore to ensure that the research is valid and reliable so that it can add to current literature, and be used in a considerate manner. To accomplish the goal of the researcher as stated above, research questions will be compiled and answered. To ensure that the questions address the issue as stated above, the questions will be submitted to a number of educators with the goal in mind to determine whether the questions provide data that specifically answers the questions. This will ensure the validity of the questions. Ensuring reliability takes place when the questions can be asked… Continue Reading...

Literary Works Referring to the Mental Illness

her book titled "The Yellow Wallpaper." "The Norton Introduction to literature" (Gilman 1). Gilman was known for her contribution to her feminist intellectualism and crusade journalism who pioneered the women rights. Typically, Gilman was concerned about the social injustice, political inequality of women, and the marriage institution during the era. Gilman argued that relegating women to a domestic status were an intention to rob them of their power of intelligence and creativity. "The Yellow Wallpaper" (Gilman 1) is drawn heavily on the episode of Gilman personal life. In 1886, Gilman's first marriage was stricken with a severe case of… Continue Reading...

Medical Marijuana Growing in Butte County

variances, and when and why dispensaries have been allowed and/or disallowed compared to other parts of the state. literature Review In California, medical marijuana is defined under the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, in which with the recommendation of a physician, a patient can legally obtain and use marijuana for relief of symptoms associated with any number of illnesses or diseases that cause pain or suffering.4  Yet, marijuana usage was still criminalized for persons not using the drug medicinally.  As Andrew Boyd notes in his evaluation of medical marijuana laws in Butte County, Diane Monson had her home raided by… Continue Reading...

Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Anxiety

in adults, and the article by Markowitz, Lipsitz and Milrod (2014) that examines the relevant literature available on the impact of IPT on anxiety disorders. Both articles provide assessments of the theory of IPT, which is that IPT provides a short-term treatment for individuals in need of psychological treatment. Its aim is to assist the individual in regaining functioning day-to-day abilities. The application typically takes between twelve and sixteen weeks and the theory upon which it is based is the idea that how the individual relates to others has a significant impact on his mental health. Thus, the concept… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

overlooked (Chong & Phillips, 2016). Hence, this research work aims at bridging the gap in literature, with regard to effects of management ESG elements combined, on corporate performance, to some extent (Schadewitz and Niskala, 2010). This will be attempted through an inclusion of the synergistic influence of ESG's three facets in the above relationship. For examining ESG synergistic impacts, this research suggests an "inter-dimensional consistency" among ESG aspects, examining the way such consistency potentially impacts the economic performance-ESG linkage. 1.3. Study significance The research adds various elements to corporate practices and related literature. First and foremost, it furthers emergent… Continue Reading...

Behn’s Oroonoko and Its Character Symbolization

and colonialism. Behn's tale, somewhat broadly, is one text that demonstrates the way European literature on the subjects of slavery, colonization and race evolved in the course of the 17th and 18th centuries. Questioning Slavery Oroonoko's inspirational speech to fellow slaves clearly makes Behn's work the very first English-language fictional work speaking against slavery. The lead character of the tale addresses his fellow slaves thus: "And why, my dear friends and fellow-sufferers, should we be slaves to an unknown people? No, but we are bought and sold like apes or monkeys, to be the sport of women, fools and… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

also more likely than non-victims to be offenders: a pattern that has been noted throughout the literature (Entorf, 2013). Correctional officers lack the training and background in psychology to provide the daily support system for the inmates, which is why psychologists are the most frequently employed mental health professional in the correctional setting (Magaletta, et al., 2016). Yet because of the gaps in providing quality mental health care in prisons, the needs of the diverse inmate population are not being met. Not meeting the needs of this cohort may stymie attempts to lower rates of recidivism and promote genuine… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

for Vietnamese court, and that style of ritual and music persists today The Temple of literature was established, under guidance of Than Phu Tien, to create a continuity of thought in the Confucian tradition Many of the rituals continued until 20th century, highlighting the centrality of ritual to the political, social, and also cosmic order. Ritual was believed to be something that helped to distinguish human from animal. Confucian guidelines for social comportment and conduct remained formally used. In the 18th century, Trinh rulers and Minh Mang wrote the "Ten Moral Precepts" related to marriage customs and gender roles as… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

motor development, learning, and behavior of an infant (71). Based on existing literature, prenatal development issues, particularly stress and anxiety, affect the long- and short-term physical, cognitive or psychosocial development of an infant. The findings in these studies support the long-held belief across the globe that a woman's psychological well-being has considerable impacts on an infant. Week 3 - Discussion 1 Technology has positive and negative impacts on human development across different age groups including children and adolescents. For children, the positive impacts of technology include improved social development through better collaboration and interactions with their peers, development of… Continue Reading...

Style Of Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

vital than intelligence quotients in ensuring efficient leadership. Moreover, apparent overlaps in literature have given rise to the hypotheses that EI might be related to a transformational leadership approach (for instance, the 'individualized consideration' element, 'inspiration', motivational skills, etc. which prove vital to a transformational leadership approach) (Van, 2012). Leaders' emotion -monitoring and -management capacity is linked closely to transformational leaders' individualized consideration element. Individual consideration is used to describe individuals who take careful notice of employees' development requirements and accomplishments. Current outcomes indicate that a fundamental competency might be the capacity of monitoring personal as well as others'… Continue Reading...

Language Barriers Among the Karen People

must be done to understand further the student population and improve existing services in GAP that consider limited resources. literature Review The Guadalupe Alternative Program has changed in the last decade. Prior to the recent changes, it has met the needs of a majority Latino student population of Minneapolis, St. Paul. While GAP has achieved success in the past helping the student population, the influx of Karen refugees in the agency has led to some ineffective practices and hurdles for both GAP staff and GAP students. This literature review is meant to show the barriers faced by Karen refugees as… Continue Reading...

Emotional Exhaustion Among Salespeople

thoroughly this problem in both occupational and organizational literatures, ironically it is rarely explored in marketing literature. The authors note that professional selling is not only highly stressful, but leads to emotional burnout from savvy competitors and pressure to increase sales and revenue for their respective company. Therefore, the authors aimed to examine moderating effects of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping and see how it affects a salespersons' emotional exhaustion. The background literature section begins with stress and burnout describing it as an affective response to a person's chronic stress levels. Extensive interpersonal contact may be responsible for burnout syndrome… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

"a disease of the global system" (Powers, 2016, p. 239). This paper reviews the relevant peer-reviewed literature as well as nongovernmental organizational resources to evaluate the adequacy of the public infrastructure developed in response to this global problem and a discussion concerning the most important needs in shaping and sustaining the infrastructure for dealing with this public health problem. Finally, a series of recommended changes are followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the HIV / AIDS global epidemic in the conclusion. Adequacy of workforce, communications and tracking systems, research and evaluation capabilities, planning, and… Continue Reading...

Biblical Prophetic Literature and Hosea

physical exile.[footnoteRef:4] [3: Ibid.] [4: Stuart, 162] Literary Context As a work of prophetic literature, Hosea has a strong apocalyptic tone, forecasting the doom of Israel and a harsh judgement because of its idolatry. Hosea does not offer a suggestion to the Israelites on how to avoid their fate, however, rather he simply tells them what will happen. "A graphic description of the helplessness of the king completes the verse...Hosea's announcement of divine retribution ends with a description of the devastation of Israel's many shrines and altars."[footnoteRef:5] Like other prophets, Hosea does not necessarily expect to be respected in his time… Continue Reading...

Text Sets for a Multicultural Topic

overall objective of this class. Actually, the issue of children's literature has developed to become a major issue for reading instruction because of its centrality as essential learning material (Martinez & Mcgee, 2000). During the selection of this culturally rich literature for this classroom, several factors were considered including authenticity of the text in showing diverse cultures and accuracy of messages based on the students' lives and cultural consciousness (Livingston & Kurkjian, 2005). The main read aloud book for this topic is Wonder by R.J. Palacio that highlights the social experiences of August Pullman who faces significant challenges in… Continue Reading...

Educational Plan for Improving Behavioural Health Amongst Older Adults

e-health and m-health tools in health promotion and primary prevention among older adults: a systematic literature review. BMC Health Services Research, 16(5), 290. Kwon, Y., Norby, F., Jensen, P., et al. (2016). Association of smoking, alcohol, and obesity with cardiovascular death and ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study and Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). PLoSONE, 11(1), e0147065. Lange, J. (2012). The nurse's role in promoting optimal health of older adults: thriving in the wisdom years. U.S.: F.A. Davis Company. Molmen, D., Wynne, J., Arnold, T., et al. (2013). Second Biennial Report: Health Issues for… Continue Reading...

Use Of Smartphones and Sleep Time

studies examining the effects of screen time on sleep. One study performed a literature review on 67 studies, discovering their outcomes. "We reviewed 67 studies published from 1999 to early 2014. We found that screen time is adversely associated with sleep outcomes (primarily shortened duration and delayed timing) in 90% of studies" (Hale & Guan, 2015, p. 50). The results suggest increased screen time has a negative effect on sleep time, by decreasing length of sleep and time in deep sleep. The study also provided a possible secondary negative effect from increased screen time, well-being. "Youth should be advised… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

are the toddler years, the prepubescent years and the adolescent/teenage years. The brief literature review that follows in this report shall focus on the last of those. To be complete with this analysis, adolescence is not the end of human development given that many suggest that development extends into the 20's and 30's. Even so, the adolescent years of development are hailed by many as being the most pivotal, at least in some regards. While many would debate the above, it is clear that the adolescent years are among the most important. Analysis Regardless of the development or life… Continue Reading...

Article Analysis on Ergonomics

utilized, the argument made, the method employed, the evidence obtained, the values identified, the literature reviewed, and the contribution to ergonomic knowledge that the study makes. The article sets out to achieve the following objectives: first, the article attempts to "describe a theoretical model of motivation in human technology interaction," and, second, it puts forward the design principles to guide the theory; the third and final objective of the article is to explain the sequence of steps that should be used for evaluating the motivational factors used in the interaction between humans and technology (p. 1453). The article achieves… Continue Reading...

Frederick Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Of Motivation

Organisational behaviour and management literature provides several theories that can be used to enhance employee motivation. One such theory is the two-factor theory developed by Frederick Herzberg. This paper describes the theory and its application in the improvement of worker safety, health, and/or wellbeing. Also known as the hygiene theory, Herzberg's model asserts that at the workplace, there are factors that lead to job satisfaction and others that cause dissatisfaction (Miner, 2005). This assertion is based on the premise that job dissatisfaction is not the opposite of job… Continue Reading...

Leadership Styles in My Community

(2016). Leadership: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications. Parris, D., Peachey, J. (2013). A Systematic literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts. Journal of Business Ethics, 113(3), 377-393. Spence, H., Wong, C., Grau, A. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Empowerment and Burnout: A Comparison in New Graduates and Experienced Nurses. Nursing Management, 21(3), 541-552. Wong, C., Laschinger, H. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Performance, and Job Satisfaction: the Mediating Role of Empowerment. JAN, 69(4), 947-959. Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

fight or whether there is a better reason for the government to let people keep these weapons. literature Review i. Legally acquired weapons used in violent crime in records of past events During the 1980s and early 1990s, legal weapons used by criminals increased. Semi-automatic arms and AWs equipped with LCMs were connected with a number of strongly publicized murder incidents that raised concern for the public to access powerfully, high powered military weaponry and other rifles whose ability can discharge bullets at high numbers in a short time. There was high profile situations in which criminals with semiautomatic handguns… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

their growth on future American spirituality and religiosity (Drescher). Moreover, a wealth of new literature, socialist principles and considerable public interest has emerged on the subjects of body, spirit, mind, and personal growth. Substance dependence and bereavement counselors, psychotherapists, nurses, and educators alike are introducing 'spirituality' modes into their respective fields. Use of spirituality figuratively in corporate culture has been practiced by management consultants and companies for promoting efficiency, expanding markets and remaining competitive in today's swiftly-progressing information economy. To many individuals, the transformation of prior social identities and commitments by modernism has led to spirituality replacing religion. But in… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

supports this assumption and will provide evidence of gendered entrepreneurship as well as literature that goes against such notion, demonstrating the potential for the gender gap to narrow in the future. To first understand the potential of gendered entrepreneurship, one must first define it. Gendered entrepreneurship is a hypothesis considering entrepreneurship to have gendered patterns. The UK was the first to provide gender-specific statistics that demonstrated both gender orders and gender systems exist in all spheres, including the third sector (Lundstrom, 2013, p. 287). While the information provided may not dictate how people within the business world feel about… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

cars, houses, and the manner in which they pay bills and how they use credit cards (Abdirizak, 2016). literature Review Thaler (1999) describes mental accounting as the set of perceptive operations utilized by individuals and households to organize, assess and keep up with financial activities. The author makes the assumption that individuals have the perception of results in terms of value function, where the incremental change from the orientation point determines ensuing selections. By large, Thaler (1999) asserts that the role played by the value function in mental accounting is to delineate the manner in which events are observed and… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Managerial Skills

end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning effective management practices in general and how these practices can be leveraged to contribute to the creation of a high-performance organization. In addition, a self-assessed personal assessment of management skills questionnaire developed by Whetton and Cameron (2010) is used to translate the insights these results in order provide to determine what steps are needed to optimize management skills in the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning effective managerial skills and the need for ongoing personal assessment of management skills are provided in the… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

conflict, however: a key finding that is repeated throughout the literature and remains especially important for Muslim women because of their high visibility. Assimilation can be interrupted via the experience of direct and indirect forms of discrimination, or enhanced by family attitudes or religiosity. Muslim identity construction in the United States is not necessarily a conflicted process, though. Sirin, et al. (2008) found that "young people found a way of allowing their Muslim and American identities to co-exist, and only a small minority of the participants seemed to experience identity conflict," (p. 259). Conflict would only emerge after the… Continue Reading...

Nigeria Boko Haram and African Terrorism

be integrated into a full understanding of Boko Haram. Part B: Synthesis and Review of literature Since its independence in 1960, Nigeria has contended with social, economic, and political turmoil. This troubled and tumultuous environment has enabled the emergence of radical Islam in Nigeria, starting in the 1980s with the Maitatsine Uprisings and continuing from there until the full-fledged emergence of Boko Haram in northern Nigeria. Viewed against this socio-historical backdrop, the emergence of Boko Haram in the 1990s should not seem overly surprising. It is also critical to situate Boko Haram in a global context, as the group also… Continue Reading...

Violence, Sex and Other Things

people, or at least the desensitization to violence. The American Psychological Association summarizes the body of literature and claims that at the very least, extensive exposure to violent imagery can desensitize a child to violence ("Television and Video Violence," n.d.). Other research may reveal a more causal relationship between exposure to violence in the media and violent behavior. For example, a meta-analysis of 15 different studies has shown "evidence strongly suggests that exposure to violent video games is a causal risk factor for increased aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, and aggressive affect and for decreased empathy and prosocial behavior," (Kaplan,… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

his setting arbitrarily. The Woodlanders has often been read within the context of Darwinian influences in society and literature. However, literary critics tend to emphasize the fusion between Romantic and Darwinian depictions of nature in The Woodlanders to show how Hardy drew from Darwin to develop his characters and themes. Irvine, for example, claims Hardy was an "evolutionary pessimist," and this is certainly apparent in The Woodlanders, which provides an overtly pessimistic view of human nature but especially of patriarchy (625). In fact, Hardy's The Woodlanders shows that while Darwinian principles of evolution sometimes favor members of the species… Continue Reading...

Prevention Of Deep Vein Thrombosis (dvt) After Hip and Knee Surgery

evidence on the prevention of DVT was a relatively difficult process. It seems that there is seemingly limited literature on evidence-based practice of prevention of this condition. The policies, protocols or procedures are similar with the evidence found in this study since they support the use of mechanical methods in preventing or treating the condition. The RN's performance was in line with the located evidence since it entailed prophylaxis, screening, and treatment. References Bonner, L. (2004, July 20). The Prevention and Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Nursing Times, 100(29), 38. Retrieved from https://www.nursingtimes.net/clinical-archive/haematology/the-prevention-and-treatment-of-deep-vein-thrombosis/204197.article CLOTS. (2013, August 10). Effectiveness of… Continue Reading...

Method to Motivate Multigeneration Workforce

other generation, there is still a shortage of academic literature providing the strategy to motivate each generational cohort. Research Question What strategies do managers use to motivate each generational cohort? Bursch, & Kelly, (2014) advise business leaders to focus on the common ground and similarities of a different generation. The authors argue that Baby Boomers are loyal, achievement oriented, and diligent. On the other hand, Generation X are distrustful of authority, individualistic, and lacking loyalty. However, Millennials value leisure than work, and want meaningful work. Some of the differences of this generation are attributed to their life stage. Thus,… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

proven consequences of child abuse that have been substantiated by empirical evidence in the scientific literature. Only a few of the harmful effects of child abuse include abnormal brain development, impaired cognitive skills development, learning disabilities, poor social or emotional skills adaptation, reduced language development, anxiety and mood disorders, and substance abuse (CDC, 2016). Exposure to pornography leads to a different subset of effects, many of which relate to the social development of the child. Research has shown, for example, that exposure to pornographic material can lead to rigid gender stereotyping, and even the condoning if not the perpetration… Continue Reading...

Democracy or Not for Economic Development

in South Sudan that has been the situation. Government Structure The literature on government structure and economic development is interesting, because it does not really apply to an active conflict zone. Economic development simply does not take place during active conflict. Foreign firms are unwilling to invest, even when there are oil reserves to be exploited, because they cannot guarantee the security of their operations, nor the supply chain to sustain such operations. While South Sudan is fertile and can be a solid agricultural economy, economic development sufficient to life a landlocked nation out of poverty can only really come from… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

A Proposal for Research   Introduction Background/Review of literature Cognitive effort, defined as the “engaged proportion of limited-capacity central processing,” has been found to impact memory recall but only in specific settings (Tyler, Hertel, McCallum & Ellis, 1979, p. 607). In four separate experiments, Tyler, Hertel, McCallum & Ellis (1979) tested the impact of cognitive effort on recall and found that high effort was indeed linked to better recall than low effort, but not for all types of memory (short term versus long term). Moreover, there are a range… Continue Reading...

Research Methods

experts and the outcomes of stakeholder interviews. Another method of data collection is through literature, which was used in the extensive and in-depth appraisal process. The emphasis was on German literature so as to undertake the queries as efficacious as possible. Lastly, there is the reduction of indication by making application of the criteria of comprehensiveness, prospect to ascertain targets and accessibility of data (Rosch et al., 2017). The method of analysis in this study takes into account linking the sustainability rules with the sustainability indicator. Lastly, this is a qualitative study. This is largely because the study is… Continue Reading...

How to Grow the Economy

fortunes of the people. Conclusion What is clear from the scholarly literature is that the government cannot sustain and grow the economy on their own. At the same time, they set the rules of the game and the playing field and they are making a mistake if they try to go against the norms and best practices of expansionary economic policy. Unless or until the spenders and businesses of an economy feel at ease spending their money, the economy will sputter along, employment will be inhibited and the gross domestic product of the economy will not grow at the rate it… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

Old English Baron" and "Vathek" to 18th Century English Gothic Fiction The rise of Gothic fiction in English literature coincided with the advent of the Romantic Era at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th century. Gothic masterpieces such as Shelley's Frankenstein, Lewis's The Monk, and Stoker's Dracula would capture the imagination by fueling it with the flames of horror, suspense, other-worldliness and mystery. These elements are significant because the Age of Enlightenment had been characterized by a cold, objective, analytical focus on nature and humankind. It had been based on the concept that reason was… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

In some cases, empirical research evidence is used to confirm anecdotal data as shown in existing scientific literature (Ellis, Hartley & Walsh, 2010). In contrast, anecdotal research data is sometimes used as the basis for empirical research since it's suitable for some tasks. Therefore, the place of anecdotal data in formal research in this field is to provide a basis for conducting empirical research. However, criminal justice data may be evaluated and interpreted on the basis of empirical evidence, which is a reflection of high level of statistical analysis carried out by criminal justice researchers. There is need to… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

A review of the literature unequivocally reveals false confessions are oftentimes deliberately sought after by overzealous criminal justice interrogators who are much more preoccupied with ascertaining a confession -- and an ensuing conviction -- than they are with ascertaining the truth about a particular crime. Organization This paper is organized by explaining the concept that false conceptions are deliberately extracted by far too many interrogators for the purposes of a conviction -- regardless if doing so is truthful or not. The author of this document explores this… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

so, the book was originally written in French. Therefore, it takes into account a tradition of French literature, yet delineates Muslim culture. This takes into account the fact that Vathek includes djinns. The story simply appropriates the manner in which the Arabian culture perceived djinns and Beckford is not fully familiar with this element. In addition, there is the sacrifice of virgins and portraying women as being evil. These are myths that the English culture does not identify with, and simply tries to use it to suit the story tale (Sagalia 78). 2. Cultural appropriation is apparent in Vathek.… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

Mill notes that it might give him offense that certain individuals prefer certain types of literature and music over others but the fact that some people do not is not an actual harm to himself. [3: Ibid.] The harm principle does not only refer to actions which take place after the fact. "In many cases all we could reasonably know is that a given action risks harm."[footnoteRef:4] Thus, an individual driving while intoxicated would still be violating the harm principle even if he or she did not injure another individual because this is still known, risky behavior towards other… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

fitness culture in which sports, activity and fitness culture figured predominantly (Fu, Hao, 20002). Thus, the relevant literature shows that by the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century, Hong Kong was making a conscientious effort to address health and fitness levels in its society -- and thus situating itself to be embracive of the fitness industry. To some extent, the fitness industry has responded (HKTDC, 2015) -- but at the same time firms like J.V. Fitness, owner of California Fitness, mYoga and LEAP (all of which suspended operations in 2016), have failed to meet expectations… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

to tackle these questions and incorporate their answers into the growing pool of literature on the subject of self-legitimacy (Wolfe & Nix, 2015). 3. Explain how an organization can create an expectation for moral conduct. Firstly, individuals expect their employers to accord them their due respect and dignity. They desire and like compassionate and kind superiors. Secondly, superiors are expected to display objectivity and fairness in their decision-making, which ought to be grounded in corroborated facts and not in personal prejudiced notions and views. This includes allowing subordinates a say in decision-making. Subordinates expect to be allowed to voice… Continue Reading...

Work Life Balance and Positive Outcomes for Organizations and Employees

Human Resource Bundles and Perceived Organizational Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 43 (6), 1107-1117. Singh, S. (2013). work-life balance: A literature review. Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective, 2(3), 84-91. Ueda, Y. (2012). The relationship between work-life balance programs and employee satisfaction: Gender differences in the moderating effect of annual income. Journal of Business Administration Research, 1(1), 65. Yamamoto, I., & Matsuura, T. (2014). Effect of Work -- Life Balance Practices on Firm Productivity: Evidence from Japanese Firm-Level Panel Data. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 14(4), 1677-1708. Comment by babyliza: Yamamoto 2000 and 2012 not referenced. Continue Reading...

Nursing Challenge

has sparked a great deal of debate given the connection between excessive workload and nurse outcomes. literature extensively demonstrates that excessive workload as a result of insufficient staffing is a significant predictor of stress, burnout, and job dissatisfaction amongst nurses (Buchan & Aiken, 2008; Carayon & Gurses, 2008; AACN, 2014). There have even been instances of nurses leaving the profession in search of more fulfilling jobs. The negative effects of inadequate nurse staffing affect not only nurses, but also patients. It may increase instances of medical errors and hospital-acquired infections, as well as worsen nurse-patient and interpersonal relationships, eventually… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Revenues and Ridership Levels at Wmata

improve popular perceptions of its commitment to safety, thereby increasing ridership and profitability. Preliminary literature Review: The recent introduction of alternative transportation ride-sharing choices such as Uber, RelayRides and Lyft combined with growing ridership dissatisfaction of public transit systems has created a challenging situation for WMATA (Browning, 2014). What is known at present for certain is that ridership levels have experienced a sustained decline in the wake of the recent unprecedented, high-profile system-wide shutdown of the WMATA over safety concerns and that restoring ridership confidence is therefore essential. In fact, today's situation is in sharp contrast to just a decade… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Gender Related Bullying and Harassment

determine the facts about these issues, this paper provides a review of the literature to develop a discussion concerning the issues of bullying and conflict in relation to learning about gender and other forms of equity and the implications these have for students and teachers. Finally, following this discussion, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion In a school context, bullying is defined by Isernhagen and Harris (2009) as being any type of instance in which "a student is exposed repeatedly to negative actions by one or… Continue Reading...

Niger Delta Militants

literature Review The study by Tobor (2016) examines the extent to which Niger Delta militants should be classified as terrorists or as a force seeking control of resources. Tobor (2016) identifies the problem related to this study as being one in which governmental policies designed to address the situation in the Niger Delta depend upon a proper and adequate understanding of the stakeholders. The study attempts to clarify the issue by identifying how Niger Delta militants can best be described --… Continue Reading...

Role Of Inclusive Leadership in Strengthening Organizational Culture

The trend of a global marketplace has given rise to needs for multinational companies. literature on global business, HR development and management, social problems, etc. has, of late, greatly focused on the key subject of global leadership efficacy (Caligiuri & Tarique, 2012). Leadership represents a central element of every firm. However, leadership ability and function is increasing in complexity with enhanced engagement in technological development and globalization (Ulrich & Smallwood, 2012). People hailing from diverse cultures may have different ideas regarding, and expectations from, corporate leaders. Hence, this paper aims at determining an inclusive leadership approach's contribution… Continue Reading...

Main Themes in the Film Yentl

devote the same amount of energy and time to studying Jewish religious literature as their ancestors. Rather, their lives were marked by experimentalism and individualism, which the Jewish migrants and their offspring so amazingly and passionately honored, revised and strengthened (Whitefield, 1999). Therefore, the points of difference between Singer's play and its American movie interpretation by Streisand signify a possible philosophical move from Eastern-European Jews' self-understanding and that of Jewish-Americans. It indicates America's potential to modify extant Jewish values. Nursing Implications How will your added insights influenced your care in clinical practice? Give specific examples? One can undoubtedly witness… Continue Reading...

Experimental Designs

impact on the subjects. Then, with reference to previous literature and the identified theoretical framework, the researcher highlights the significance or insignificance of the findings. Finally, the researcher addresses the limitations of the findings and their implications for practice and/or research (Martin & Bridgmon, 2012). For instance, the researcher may explain whether the findings may have been influenced by internal validity and the extent to which they may be generalized to groups, situations, and settings. Overall, the experimental design presents arguably the most rigorous research design as it explains both association and causation between variables. Indeed, experimental research can… Continue Reading...

Using Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

teams and promote a positive, efficient, and high-performance environment in the workplace. literature Review There is substantial and plentiful literature relevant to the issue of multigenerational work environments and the management initiatives that can be used address them. Much of the research indicates that generational gaps are real and manifested in the workplace due to the behaviors, attitudes, work ethics and beliefs of the generational groups (Zopiatis, Krambia-Kapardis & Varnavas, 2012; Schullery, 2013; Krahn & Galambos, 2014; Smith & Nichols, 2015; Moore, Everly & Bauer, 2016; Rosa & Hastings, 2016; Van der Walt, Jonck & Sobayeni, 2016). Each generation has… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

to historical and sociological constraints. Unfortunately, some of the historical and sociological constraints are not acknowledged or disavowed in Chinese literature and academia in general. Until China or East Asia develops cohesive bioethical theories, the dualistic East/West divide remains. It is also important to qualify what bioethics is: "Ethics is all about preventing harm and suffering when they result from action, and understanding the meaning and functionally of harm," (p. 145). Pragmatic questions include how to reconcile situational ethics versus absolute ethics. Central to bioethics is also the concept of "the humane," which can be a universal moral imperative (p.… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

perspectives.  Some of the major perspectives that have dominated evaluation of the human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

the identity and imagination among the Karen including the literature about them. Christianity formed an important external categorization factor. It was equated to the traits of the colonizers who ruled Burma and the more recent neocolonialism defined by the incumbent military regime. Christianity and Buddhism have created a common identity that transcends the local communities. These have provided an avenue for knowledge sharing. The other end of religious conversion the Karen people have held fast to their cultural traditions and customs within the local communities. Conversion was both a transformation to modernity and a retrieval of their long lost… Continue Reading...

How Diversification Can Help Ceos Financially

line is that -- through researching the "secondary data of VC investment" that is gleaned from knowledge management literature published between the years 2002-2012 -- diversification is "associated with better firm performance" (Zhang, 2014). Two kinds of investment strategies for VC firms: specialization (a "low level of diversification" for a few businesses in one industry); and diversification (this targets "multiple businesses across various industries" (Zhang, 277). This research embraced the "Pratt's Guide to Private Equity and Venture Capital" database -- zeroing in on VC diversification in New York, California, and Massachusetts. What is not widely known, Zhang writes (283),… Continue Reading...

Loss Of a Loved One

A systematic review, thematic synthesis and modelling of the literature. Palliative Medicine, 30(8), 730-744. doi:10.1177/0269216316634601 Bryant, R. A., Kenny, L., Joscelyne, A., Rawson, N., Maccallum, F., Cahill, C., . . . Nickerson, A. (2014). Treating Prolonged Grief Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(12), 1332. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.1600 Fenge, L. (2013). Developing Understanding of Same-Sex Partner Bereavement for Older Lesbian and Gay People: Implications for Social Work Practice. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57(2-4), 288-304. doi:10.1080/01634372.2013.825360 Ingham, C. F., Eccles, F. J., Armitage, J. R., & Murray, C. D. (2016). Same-sex partner bereavement in older women: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Aging & Mental Health,… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

in the Construction Industry: A Critical Review of the Scientific literature 12) NEBOSH 2006, Guide to the NEBOSH National Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety 13) Health and Safety Executive, 1998, Reducing Noise at Work. Guidance on the Noise at Work Regulations 1989, L116, HSE Books, Sudbury 14) British Standards Institution, 2004, Temporary works equipment Part 1: Scaffolds performance requirements and general design. BS EN 12811-1: 1994, BSI, London 15) British Standards Institution, 1994a, Hearing Protectors: Recommendation for the Selection, Use, Care and Maintenance. BS EN 458: 1994, BSI, London 16) Fact sheet, 258, 'Occupational and community noise', World… Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

parental QOL. The most salient component of this research is its literature search. literature reviews help researchers gain more knowledge regarding the topic of study. They enable scholars to examine existing information regarding the topic, decide how to differentiate their work from available works (thereby contributing to the literature pool on the subject), and develop a conceptual framework and research design. The latter may also be achieved based on existing literature that serves to guide scholars with regard to sound research performance strategies. For instance, literature on the topic at hand may help instruct the research scholar regarding the research… Continue Reading...

The Prevalence Of False Confessions

reduce the likelihood of false confessions. Another article narrowing the funnel of literature review is "The substance of false confessions". The article looks further into the content of investigations and aims to shed light on how false confessions occur, creating a potentially more detailed examination of the occurrence and why it may be more pervasive than believed. This leads to the research question of: How could an innocent confess to a crime? The researcher believes the psychological techniques implant detailed information of the crime to make it easier to gain a believable confession. Thus, this article highlights confession contamination and… Continue Reading...

Figurative Language and Imagery in Poetry

quote is valid because perceptions regarding the value of literature have changed. It is a different world from that of the 19th century. We are connected to the Internet, to the latest news (which is old ten minutes after it hits the wire). Week 1 - Discussion 2 A writer might feel compelled to write about literature because it is his medium, and he wants both to explain it to himself as well as to his audience who may appreciate the insight he has about the medium. It benefits readers and writers alike in the same way that any… Continue Reading...

Comparison Of the Theme Of “granny” and “shame Amah”

and precious writer. She benefited from both classical Western and Chinese literature making her being one of the most renown Chinese writers in the literary world. Similarly, Eileen Chang is one of the most talented Chinese writers born in 1921 and has published several collections of English stories as well publishing two English novels. Eileen Chang was born in Shanghai and attended the University of Hong Kong. The talent of Eileen Chang came into limelight when she won an essay context in Shanghai sponsored by West Wind magazine. Eileen Chang returned to Shanghai where she was able to support… Continue Reading...

Chinese Literature

primary distinction in the female agency shown in these two works of literature revolves around the independent nature of that in "Granny" and the dependent variety found in "Shame, Amah!". This notion is also evidenced in the way in which both of the protagonists, who are domestics, work. The autonomy which is part of the independent female agency Granny has also correlates to her professional work. She is in a comfortable enough position in her career in which "she chose her families," they did not choose her . . . she was firm in her insistence to work only… Continue Reading...

Applied Social Psychology

challenges. This paper is presented as a review of literature on social psychological theories and their generic role in resolving practical and social problems. A key applied social psychological theory is Cognitive Dissonance, whose main premise is that an individual is driven to remain consistent in his/her cognitions or perceptions as any dissension in this regard may give rise to psychological discomfort (Brehm, 2007). The term 'dissonance' involves aversion or discomfort; individuals can alleviate such distress by altering their cognitions. What is its effect on family dynamics, familial issues and teen problems? In what way is dissonance theory possibly… Continue Reading...

Education, Military, and Governments in Ancient Greece

Athens people spent much of their time studying arts, literature, and music, Spartans focused on training to be soldiers. As such, Spartans were seen as brilliant in warfare and their soldiers were among the best worldwide. These training started immediately after birth hence produced hardened Spartan soldiers such that they never lost any battle even during bloody conflicts that raged Ancient Greek city-states (Blackwell, 2003). Unlike Athens, Sparta had a full-time army. In Sparta, boys and men spent their entire lives fighting and training and they were known for being fierce and brave. Interestingly, they lived in harsh environments… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

a subject holds about the phenomenon in question, not the researcher's meaning or the meaning suggested by extant literature (Creswell, 2014). These two aspects have important implications for criminal justice research. For instance, using qualitative research designs such as case study, ethnography, and phenomenology places the researcher in a better position to understand the psychological and behavioural characteristics of a certain criminal or type of criminals. More fundamentally, understanding the distinct nature of qualitative research enable consumers of research to more appropriately interpret published research findings. They interpret those findings oblivious of the fact that they may not be… Continue Reading...

12 Angry Men Prejudice Vs Justice

Frank. "Sidney Lumet's Humanism: The Return of the Father in Twelve Angry Men." literature/Film Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2 (1986): 112-121. Goya, Francisco. "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters." KhanAcademy. Web. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/becoming-modern/romanticism/romanticism-in-spain/a/goya-the-sleep-of-reason-produces-monsters Lumet, Sidney, dir. Twelve Angry Men. LA: United Artists, 1957. Film. Continue Reading...

Neo Noir and Genre in Blade Runner

as well: its Blatty is in many ways like the angry Ahab of Melville's classic work of American literature -- angrily lashing out at God, Fate, Nature and vowing to hunt down the whale. Indeed, both Blatty and Ahab shed a tear as they near then end in a profound moment that evokes incredible sympathy from the audience for their characters. In conclusion, with all of this said Blade Runner deals with the forces of good and evil by exploring them through the neo-noir, sci-fi lens where such issues are typically embellished or emphasized so as to give dramatic… Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

HRM practices and host-country HRM practices. With reference to literature and real life examples, this paper discusses the impact of country of origin on strategic HRM practices in MNCs. The paper specifically demonstrates how national characteristics affect the transfer of HRM practice, how the transfer occurs, and which HRM practices are more likely to be transferred than others. The Country-of-Origin Effect While MNCs may be considered 'nationless' organisations, most of them tend to be "strongly rooted in their country of origin" (Noorderhaven and Harzing, 2003: 2). This is referred to as the country-of-origin effect. Defining the country-of-origin effect may… Continue Reading...

Herbal Medication in Handling Heart Diseases Among Women

No. 7. Reprieved April 30, 2017 from http://www.unifra.br/pos/aafarm/downloads/_intera%C3%A7_%20cardiovascular.pdf The article is a culmination of research and extensive literature reviews done by three researchers and specialists in the herbal medicine field of medical therapies. It is an academic and professional article widely informed by the ever rising use and need to use the herbal medicine in the USA. The FDA has weighed in especially in terms of the safety concerns of these various herbs hence this article objectively looks at the issues concerning the benefits, the adverse effects and the therapeutic value of various herbal therapies particularly among patients with cardiovascular… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

over these issues is massive, with many budding writers boosting the perception of literature as time passes. This paper seeks to evaluate and provide insight into the progress of English writing over a time period ranging from the post- independence period till the present time. Writing veterans who displayed the fifties' realism in their works are also compared with the burgeoning present day writers who bring their modern perspective to bear in appraising past ideas. Readers' attention is also drawn to the evolving language use patterns (Sharma, 2016, p. 60). At the twilight of the 1960s and the dawn… Continue Reading...

Robert Hayden Those Winter Sundays

capitalist model of labor exploitation. As Hiraldo points out, literature like Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays" and Miller's Death of a Salesman share in common the theme of showing how the strain of trying to achieve the American dream creates problems for working class families. Both Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays" and Death of a Salesman depict the motif of "separation" between father and son due directly to the stress of the working class labor model (Hiraldo 6). Separation is a major motif in "Those Winter Sundays." Hayden uses diction to emphasize the theme of separation. For example, the speaker in… Continue Reading...

Treating Allergic Patients Using Homeopathy

the issue or phenomenon under investigation. Consequently, in most studies, researchers include a literature review section and/or cite sources that help in understanding the specific issue. The inclusion of literature review section provides a background for understanding the research issue/topic based on existing evidence or prior studies that have been carried out about it. The citing of relevant evidence, experiences and/or information is also crucial towards understanding the researcher's reasoning when conducting the study and arriving at his/her conclusions. This study does not include a literature review section through the authors highlight relevant statements regarding the recognition of complementary… Continue Reading...

Emotional Labour and Gendered Occupational Segregation

organisations are likely to select women. With reference to literature and my personal experiences as an employee, I discuss how emotional labour in the service sector has promoted gendered occupational segregation. The paper has two major sections. First, I provide a review of literature relating to emotional labour and gender-based occupational segregation. In light of the literature, I then present my own experiences as an employee in the hospitality industry. literature Review The concept of emotional labour is originally credited to Arlie Russell Hochschild, who described it in her 1983 influential book The Managed Heart: Commercialisation of Human Feeling.… Continue Reading...

Feminism in Frankenstein Introduction

Swiss mountain cabin situates the author among two of the most prominent male figures in British literature, making her a self-affirmed equal and eschewing the derisive and misogynistic questions posed by the Publishers of Standard Novels. The subversion of gender roles in the introduction to Frankenstein does not end with Shelley's powerful role as author. In fact, a careful investigation of the chronology and facts of the introductory anecdote, in which she claims that she came to be enamored with ghost stories "translated from the German into the French," as inspiration for the novel, reveals inconsistencies that only careful… Continue Reading...

Economic and Environmental Benefits Of Short Sea Shipping

to establish the benefits the country has received from using the service and the drawback to their policy. literature Review According to Eurostat Statistics Explained (2016), it has been established that in 2015 the total gross weight of goods moved within the European Union short sea shipping was 1.8 billion tonnes. This was an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. However, this increase is still lower than what was experienced before the economic downturn of 2009 (Sambracos & Maniati, 2012). Greece has been at the forefront of short sea shipping, and it has been ranked together with the top… Continue Reading...

Operations Department in a Shipping Company

Human Error in Shipping Operations, Professional Safety, vol. 45, no. 10, pp.23-28. Yuan, Z 2016, A Brief literature Review on Ship Management in Maritime Transportation, Free University of Brussels viewed 24 April 2017, <http://iridia.ulb.ac.be/IridiaTrSeries/link/IridiaTr2016-001.pdf> Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

theories as well as social constructionism. The reasons for the emerging literature include improving psychological health and well-being, improving social and cultural health, and also reducing or eliminating racism and negative stereotyping. Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) point out "83% of Muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

Terminals (APM), the present study sought to fill this gap in literature. The study specifically sought to examine how the organization can make use of digitalization to improve customer satisfaction. APM is a Dutch multinational container terminal company. With its headquarters in The Hague and under the ownership of the global conglomerate Maersk Group, APM provides terminal operations, cargo support, port management, and container inland services to hundreds of customers in more than 60 countries around the world. The company boasts over 70 port and terminal facilities as well as more than $4 billion in revenue as of 2016,… Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

in nature (Bavelier et al., 2011). Conclusion There are a few things that are easily apparent from the brief literature review done for this report. Indeed, there are clear signs that video games affect the brain on one or more levels and those effects manifest throughout the body in one form or another and they tend to be good or bad, depending on the situation. Even with that being the case, the surface is just starting to be scratched and there is most certainly a lot that is not yet known. Regardless, it is clear that video games can affect the… Continue Reading...

Public Sector Performance Measurement

communication of the outcomes, and taking action based on those outcomes. As demonstrated by literature, implementing PBM can be viewed as implementing organizational change: it requires assessment of the status quo, defining the organization's desired future state, and undertaking action to achieve that state. For this to be achieved, however, a number of factors are important: strong leadership commitment, organizational culture changes, as well as attention to individual, operational, and strategic dimensions. If effectively implemented, PBM can positively influence employee and organizational outcomes. Performance Management: Brief literature Review With the operational environment becoming ever more competitive, and against the… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

African-American people from a qualitative perspective. The literature review will provide a brief background on African-American people and leading health problems they face along with a brief inclusion of census data to create a general picture of health from the perspective of an African-American person. One African-American man was interviewed. His answers provide a means of generating a construct that will be used to draw conclusions for nursing practice and standard of care development. African-American People: literature Review A website called: 'Dimensions of Culture', examines cultural patterns existent in many African-American communities. Those… Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan

manner that resonates with the specific needs of each student. literature has extensively supported the effectiveness of differentiated instruction in enhancing learning outcomes (Bailey & Williams-Black, 2008; De Jesus, 2012). Allowing for differentiation in this case will be important given the fact that some students may have difficulties working alone due to, among other factors, poor learning capabilities. For such students, allowing teacher-led or student-led discussions as well as group work can be valuable. On the whole, with differentiated instruction, the teacher not only delivers contents, but also pays attention to the individual needs of learners. This ensures that… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

implementation of the proposed solution in the short and long-term. literature Review The issue of stress brought by self-defeating behavior has received considerable attention and has been the subject of numerous studies. Thau, Aquino & Poortvliet (2007) define self-defeating behaviors are behaviors that hinder an individual from achieving his/her goals or satisfying his/her interests or desires. These researchers state that employees are sometimes engaged in activities that are self-defeating when conducting their duties in the workplace. Renn, Allen & Huning (2013) concurs by stating that self-defeating behavior is a concept referring to activities that undermines an individual's achievement of self-interests… Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

a trait acquired naturally or through learning. In an extensive review of literature based on learning and cognition theory, Sadideen et al. (2013) sought to answer this question. Focusing specifically on the field of surgery, the authors concluded that surgical expertise is acquired through continuous learning and practice, not innately or genetically. These findings are consistent with the broader body of knowledge suggesting that experts are made, not born (Hallam, 2010; Tashman, 2013). In other words, whereas some individuals appear to be born with superior capabilities than others, they become proficient over time, through an unwavering process of practice.… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

through a paucity of the research on films that propel the social right movements. literature Review Methods Films Propel Civil and Social Rights In the early 21st century, the media and films set the tone for the images, values, and moral for the American culture. Culture is a tangible aspect of human society that is learned through socialization, and consists of acquired implicit and explicit pattern, ideas, attached values and behaviors transmitted to people and conditioned elements of behaviors and action. With the culture of films and media, many people started realizing that the degrading stereotypes they believed realistic were… Continue Reading...

Reactions in Parents Of Children with Life Threatening Illness

depression tools that are available. Both variable seem to make sense in this case based off the literature review that is provided. Sampling This paper reports the results from wave one of a prospective, longitudinal study; the Take a Breath study, which is being conducted at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), Melbourne, Australia; a state-wide, tertiary, pediatric hospital treating seriously ill children. Data were collected from participating parents within four weeks of child diagnosis or hospital admission between November 2010 and August 2012 (Muscara, et al., 2015). • Participants included parents of children diagnosed and/or admitted to The RCH,… Continue Reading...

Cultural Aspects Of Being Deaf

more tangible and real. Those aspects of deaf culture including language, speech, socializing, literature, norms and rules for behavior, and so forth. The rules for behavior in particular is very precise and specific because every little part of communication is focused on and part of what people pay so much attention to. There are rules and guidelines when it comes to the use of eyes, facial expressions, introductions, labels and so forth. The cultural items seen in literature and movies are also important to focus on. Good books that exist that relate to deaf culture include Everyone Here Spoke… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing and Success

& Thadani, D. R. (2012). The impact of electronic word-of-mouth communication: A literature analysis and integrative model. Decision Support Systems, 54(1), 461 -- 470 Oh, H. J., Ozkaya, E., & LaRose, R. (2014). How does online social networking enhance life satisfaction? The relationships among online supportive interaction, affect perceived social support, sense of community, and life satisfaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 69 -- 78 Yang, B., Kim, Y., & Yoo, C. (2013). The integrated mobile advertising model: The effects of technology and emotion-based evaluations. Journal of Business Research, 66(9), 1345 -- 1352 Continue Reading...

Comic Books, Graphic Novels, and Literacy

Comic books have graduated from pulp entertainment to literature and even historiography. Their role in literacy development as both medium and message has become uncontested, with both traditional superhero comic books unique graphic novels being included in school libraries (Griffith 181). Whereas comic books were once derided when compared with non-illustrated texts, now educators, librarians, and sociologists recognize the value and importance of comic books as a pedagogical tool. Schwarz notes that graphic novels can "introduce students to literature they might never otherwise encounter," stimulate interest in reading in general while… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

and within the introduction. Because there is a dearth of literature on workplace bullying in nursing, the authors do not provide a comprehensive review of literature. However, it would have been better had the authors cited studies on workplace bullying in other fields. Because the research is exploratory in nature, there are no directional hypotheses; the authors seek to understand the phenomenon and provide directions for future research and strategies for nurse management. The study is directly relevant to the healthcare practice because of the clear impact bullying has on the workplace environment and on patient outcomes too. Methods 2.… Continue Reading...

Special Education Theory and Intervention

the link between the use of suspension as a disciplinary measure and race is clearly identified in the literature (Anyon, et al., 2014; Losen & Martinez, 2013). The use of suspension as a knee-jerk reaction presents civil rights issues that need to be conscientiously and immediately addressed by educational policy makers and school administrators. If I were the director of a special education program I would not resort to suspension except in extreme cases in which the safety of students was in danger in some way. I would handle any violation of the policy with strict disciplinary action against… Continue Reading...

Study on Parents with Autistic Children

effect on parental health and well-being. In light of the existed of relatively limited literature on this issue, Baird et al. (2006) argue that its important for social workers catering for autistic children to understand the impact of parental hope and internalized stigmatization on parental QOL. Since autism is a lifetime ailment, an understanding of parental challenges and the determination of adjustment techniques for alleviating their negative impacts is urgent and necessary to help improve their lives. The identified studies will make significant contributions to this research through providing insights on the different issues relating to the research problem.… Continue Reading...

Behaviorally Targeted Ads As Implied Social Labels Article Analysis

consumer response to traditional types of targeting, and behaviorally targeted advertisements. literature Review Tucker,  (2014) argues that the internet has revolutionized the way advertisers employ in designing their campaign. With the strategy used in collecting consumer data using the website platform, the advertisers are able to design the adverts that will be tailored to consumers’ preferences.  For example, the online clicks can be used to collect the information about the particular products that consumers prefer. Unlike the traditional method of advert that does not have the same advantages, in  this scenario,  firms are able to have  “ huge amounts of… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

world, the proposed study seeks to fill this gap in literature. The study will take the mixed methods approach. In business, the significance of customer satisfaction cannot be overemphasized. Indeed, with increasingly many firms providing similar goods or services, dissatisfied customers can easily look for other alternatives. Accordingly, firms do whatever it takes to retain customers and keep them happy (Kumar, 2016). With tremendous technological advancements over the years, firms are ever more relying on technology as a valuable driver of customer satisfaction. Whether it is processing a customer order or automating luggage handling, firms in diverse sectors and… Continue Reading...

Early Childhood Education and Motivation

goal-directed behavior, Mr. Cardot could create some goals for them and link those goals to meaningful and engaging literature. According to the text, there are four main goal orientations in learning: mastery of the material itself, performance (looking good), work-avoidance, and social goals (p. 453). As he changes his instructional strategies in the class, Mr. Cardot will start to recognize differences between the students. Not all will have the same goals. Some will be motivated to master the content itself. Others will just want that sticker and to receive praise from the teacher or peers. Others will do as… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education, culture, economic stability, political instability, and so on. No two countries are the same in terms of people, customs, traditions, ideals, and execution… Continue Reading...

Issues Within Special Education

special education students. In addition to these laws and regulations, how has literature shaped the education communities' practice of special education in schools? Support your response with a theoretical perspective. When it comes to any matter of major compliance, there is seemingly two different realms to what happens in the field after new guidelines shape out. Indeed, there is simple compliance with the law. At the bare minimum, this is something that all teachers and administrators must follow. Anything less than that is a clear violation and thus must be remediated. However, anyone that knows about such situations knows… Continue Reading...

Commercialization Of Media Influences Political Discourse

C. The media concept is commonly used in the literature and debate on power and the media. Such debates as to whether their power of the media is on the rise or fall, whether the media influences democracy in a positive way and whether the media and political institutions are powerful entities are commonplace (Ekstorm). The understanding of the media, in general, has been localized around a few media organizations as similar entities representing the media in general. The spread and flow of information and news are meant to be presided over by the media institutions. They commonly set… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams in Today\'s Working Environment

to the members of virtual teams, the study is primarily a literature review that is not based on findings of empirical studies. The researcher simply relies on concepts documented in existing literature but does not conduct an empirical analysis of these concepts. Through reliance on existing literature, the study does not provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenon under investigation. Significance of the Study for Particular Audiences The study by Lipnack & Stamps (1999) is significant for organization managers and leaders with regards to understanding the foundational components towards establishing and ensuring the success of virtual teams. Since the… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

the opposition certain criminology researchers have to the biological hypothesis. A number of common literature on criminology are still focused on the effects of the biological hypothesis in which they discuss the effects of medication and the opinion that these hypotheses imply that people cannot be cured. The consequences of policy on biological criminology are arguably the biggest obstacle for its supporters. A well-developed cognition is a crucial safeguard against criminal tendencies. A number of popular characteristics of criminal minds like sensitivity, spontaneity and neurological flaws can all be linked back to poor cognitive growth, most times in the… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

appropriate sections of the database and relevant research of the findings in current literature. Data in the third column could be local, state, or national statistics. 3. Community Health Nursing Diagnoses: Based on your subjective and objective assessment findings above for both Weeks 1 and 2, write TWO priority community health nursing diagnoses. NOT use NANDA. Use the following format for the community health nursing diagnoses: • Risk of (State the health problem or risk.) • Among (Identify the population group affected.) • Related to ( State factor(s) contributing to the health problem or associated risk.) Health Risk/problem of… Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

seems to be emerging for the significance of interaction to emotion, this can majorly be found in developmental literature. Interpreting the emotions of infants as interactional creations comes with some implications for our understanding of how infants convey their emotional situations. Infants' gestures of delight and discomfort are not intrinsically communications of emotional messages, they are only given emotional meaning by the actions of the baby-sitter or parents or whoever is taking care of the baby. Actions like smiling, crying, and movements of hands and feet are only meant to convey messages to the care giver about how well… Continue Reading...

Analects Of Confucius Philosophy

Confucian Philosophy to Modern Concepts of Leadership and Followership" (2008). All Volumes (2001-2008). Paper Kern, Martin. "Early Chinese literature, Beginnings through Western Han." In Owen, Stephen. The Cambridge History of Chinese literature, (2010). Volume 1: To 1375. Cambridge: Worrall, Simon. Why Is Confucius Still Relevant Today? His Sound Bites Hold Up. (2015) Retrieved 17 May 2017 from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/03/150325-confucius-china-asia-philosophy-communist-party-ngbooktalk/ Continue Reading...

Dangers Of Backcountry Skiing to Society and Individuals

environmental conservation campaigns have been on the rise, limited literature explains the impacts of this activity on the people and the environment. The activity is used as a recreational activity for most of the people, but recent calls have been made to have an environmental analysis of the effects of the activity to ensure that the negative impacts have been reduced across the globe. In some cases, the skiing takes place on mountains or the raised grounds in the countries. This paper argues that the benefits that come with the activity do not outweigh the impact it has on… Continue Reading...

Teaching the Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance How does literature contribute to history, and what does the Harlem Renaissance reveal about U.S. History? Modern U.S. History Content Learning Objective (content and product): e.g., students will be able to [content analysis] by [product and activity]. What historical content will students know at the end of the lesson? At the end of the lesson students will know the literary significance of the Harlem Renaissance within a historical context. Specifically, they will understand how the literary aspirations realized through the Harlem Renaissance contributed to… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

leader. Available from http://www.groco.com/readingroom/bus_goodleader.aspx Yukl, G. A. (2010) Leadership in organizations. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Inc. 1 Module code: STRM042 Critical literature Review -- 21st Century Leadership Continue Reading...

Scholarly Article on Victimology

victimology. This report emanates from a research that significantly employed the literature review approach towards the research. Dussich goes deep into reviewing literature that exists in various articles and books in the past on the subject and comes out with not only the details of victimology and those relevant events to the topic, but also with dates that these outstanding events took place. This reconstruction and collection of facts brings into perspective the gradual development of the subject of victimology over time. The data used in the research report is very relevant in putting forth the gradual development of victimology… Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

in-depth presentation of the issue of victimology. This report emanates from a research that significantly employed the literature review approach towards the research. Dussich goes deep into reviewing literature that exists in various articles and books in the past on the subject and comes out with not only the details of victimology and those relevant events to the topic, but also with dates that these outstanding events took place. This reconstruction and collection of facts brings into perspective the gradual development of the subject of victimology over time. This article targets the scholars in the field of victimology, the law… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

to discuss what they do to make things work, what is suggested in theory and scholarly literature and how those frameworks and lessons do or do not work for their particular situation. The author of this report will personally be making a comparison and contrast between what is asserted within the literature and compare it to the feedback and personal experience narrative of the owner/manager. A common refrain seen in the blogosphere and elsewhere is that there is a disconnect between what is suggested in the minds of theorists and within the so-called ivory towers of academia and political… Continue Reading...

Does Testing Overlook the Importance Of Long Term Learning

be competitive in the workplace. This paper reviews the literature to demonstrate how testing tends to overlook the importance of long-term learning, followed by a summary of the research and important findings about the implications of testing on long-term learning in the conclusion. Review and Discussion So-called "teaching to the test" simply means that classroom teachers focus coursework on the contents of upcoming tests, including the high-stakes standardized tests that have become virtually universal in their use. For instance, according to one educator, "High-stakes, standardized tests have become ubiquitous in public education in the United States. Teachers across the… Continue Reading...

Joe\'s Case Study and Evidence Based Practice

abuse disorders in particular. A systematic review of the literature reveals "negative attitudes of health professionals towards patients with substance use disorders are common and contribute to suboptimal health care for these patients," (Boekel, Brouwers, van Weeghel & Garresten, 2013, p. 23). Social workers are at the forefront of substance abuse treatment, as social work professionals "regularly encounter individuals, families, and communities affected by substance use disorders," including co-occurring disorders as in Joe's case (NASW, 2013, p. 5). Therefore, in addition to their role in reducing stigma and ensuring evidence-based practice in mental health care, social workers need to… Continue Reading...

Fiction Films

of it. References Heller, A. (2005). The Immortal Comedy: The Comic Phenomenon in Art, literature, and Life. Lexington Books. Moyes, J. (2010). Erich Segal's legacy: movies that make you weep. The Telegraph. Retrieved from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/7037343/Erich-Segals-legacy-movies-that-make-you-weep.html Reyes, A. (2011). Tragic Love: Poetry and Prose for the Unloved and Loving. New York: Xlibris Corporation. Snyder, S. (1970). Romeo and Juliet: Comedy into tragedy. Essays in Criticism, 20(4), 391-402. Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

become a mainstay in American society, getting stronger due to common items in American literature. This is only as a result of its intellectual deceit, which is bordered on a false majority and a covert selectiveness. References Adams, I. (2001). Political ideology today. Manchester. Manchester University Press. Gaus, G., Courtland, S. D., & Schmidtz, D. (2011). Liberalism, The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Liberalism. (2016). Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopaedia, 1p. 1. Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, E. (1997). Liberalism in America. The Intercollegiate Review, 33(1), 44. Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

adoption. Internet adoption and e-government can serve as chief aspects of an anti-corruption program. With so much literature on recognizing corruption, it is important to research ways that lessen corruption in law enforcement. Kim, C. (2013). Anti-Corruption Initiatives and E-Government: A Cross-National Study. Public Organization Review, 14(3), 385-396. doi:10.1007/s11115-013-0223-1 This is a quantitative study using statistical examination of aggregate data of over two-hundred nations that discovered relationships among anti-corruption and e-government within government. Results showed that the use of e-government can act as an effective tool to lessen government corruption because it is an excellent means of understanding and… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling and Social Work

along with PIE theory for the best means of assisting couples in the social worker setting. literature Review This literature review will cover EFT, the Gottman Method, PIE theory, and RLT. The articles and studies will highlight the frameworks of these concepts as well as potential success of these frameworks when applied in real-world settings. The objective is to understand and highlight theoretical frameworks that may be best suited for couples counseling as a social worker. Although social work does not always involve counseling, it can be part of the job duties and can provide relief to affected couples. EFT… Continue Reading...

Proposal Review

issues that have not been addressed in the various studies. The reviewed literature and the gaps identified are sufficient to warrant the current studies. Significance The successful completion of both proposals is sure to contribute to scientific knowledge on the issues addresses. However, the structure and purpose of E1 doesn't directly contribute to clinical practice, but provides information that could be the basis for a study beneficial for clinical practice. On the other hand, the successful completion of G1 study would be beneficial to and contribute positively to clinical practice, specifically, in the management of persons with Parkinson disease.… Continue Reading...

Accounting Gaap and Ifrs

regard to the GAAP, the research lays more emphasis on the literature while on the other hand with regard to IFRS, the examination of the facts is more comprehensive (Forgeas, 2008). In addition, the terminology that is employed in both accounting methods are largely dissimilar. For instance, under IFRS accounting approach, the terminology employed include ordinary share capital, nominal or face value and shareholders. On the other hand, under GAAP, the terminology employed include common stock, par value and stockholders. Moreover, there lies dissimilarity in the manner in which the two methods of accounting treat treasury stock. In particular,… Continue Reading...

Proposed Study Budget and Budget Justifications

with initial symptoms of dementia. This research project would contribute to existing literature regarding how to manage dementia, which is a serious mental illness with significant impacts on brain functions like language, memory, and visuospatial operations. If proven successful, the project will play a critical role in stopping dementia through the use of non-intense video games to improve the cognitive abilities of patients with the condition. The research project will involve several stakeholders given its probability to help stop dementia among aged individuals if successful. The involvement of the various stakeholders is attributable to the fact that the identification of… Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

an organization influences its members significantly. Organizational structures affect job satisfaction among the staff of a firm. According to a literature review performed by Thomas (2015), it became evident that nurses who worked in hospitals where decentralization was used in task execution and decision making reported high levels of job satisfaction. According to them, centralization provided nurses with their desired autonomy that resulted in their increased productivity and satisfaction with their job. When this occurs, employees are ready to explore new ways of executing their assigned responsibilities and take up new tasks (Baligh, 2006). The review also showed that organic… Continue Reading...

Solid Waste Management

of the mechanism (Thyberg & Tonjes, 2015). e) Tentative chapter outline • Abstract • Introduction • Theoretical Framework • literature Review • Methodology • Data Presentation • Discussion • Recommendations • Conclusion Bibliography American Public Works Association (APWA) Report. (2008). Available online: http://www.apwa.net/ Resources/Reporter/Articles/2008/3/ISO-14001-Environmental-Management-Systems-a-snapshot-of-the-experience-of-solid-waste-organizations Bartone, C.R. (1995). The role of the private sector in developing countries: Keys to success. Paper presented at ISWA Conference on Waste Management - Role of the Private Sector, Singapore, 24-25 September 1995. Girly, A. (2015). SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: A PROPOSED BLUEPRINT TOWARDS GOVERNMENT ACTION. European Scientific Journal. Johannes, P. (2006). Solid Waste Management Program (SWMP). Project. Thyberg, K.,… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

present wartime crisis. The above piece of information is shocking, considering the strong scientific literature that corroborates the genuineness of stress-related injuries and justifies an all-inclusive paradigm. Obamacare deals with the well-recorded financial and racial gaps by enhancing the accessibility of prevention services, together with improved treatment coordination and illness management. This investment bears fruit with improved patient health results and more fruitful lives, affordably (Bernard, 2016; Kilbourne & Atkins, 2015). With regard to the wider inequality problem between medical and psychological healthcare, Obamacare moves further than federal equality law obligations and mandates benchmark Medicaid plans (which are alternatives… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

education reduces impatience or unnecessary risk taking, which translates to a reduced criminal tendency. The three literature sources considered by (Lochner and Moretti) all gave the same inference: education considerably lessens crime rate. This discovery has huge impacts on various types and intensities of criminal activity. There is a similarity between the impact of education on rates of imprisonment and frequency of capture of criminals as well as self-confessed offences. In order to reduce this to the barest minimum, the government could enact proven and specific laws and guidelines. This research could be useful to government regulators in crafting… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

of seeing difference. Race, Gender & Class, 80-97. Buonanno, P. (2003). The socioeconomic determinants of crime. A review of the literature. Working Paper Dipartimento di Economia Politica, Universita di Milano Bicocca; 63. Clinks. (2013). Guide to the Criminal Justice System. Retrieved June 02, 2017, from http://www.clinks.org/criminal-justice/guide-criminal-justice-system FindLaw. (2014). How Does the Criminal Justice System Work? Retrieved June 02, 2017, from http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-law-basics/how-does-the-criminal-justice-system-work.html Lane, J., & Meeker, J. W. (2000). Subcultural diversity and the fear of crime and gangs. Crime & Delinquency, 46(4), 497-521. Levi, M., & Maguire, M. (2004). Reducing and preventing organised crime: An evidence-based critique. Crime, Law and Social… Continue Reading...

Aged Population Showing Early Symptoms Of Dementia

(Ballesteros et al., 2013; Aristotle University of T. et al., 2015) literature review Several studies have backed the idea that a solution could be found towards improving the quality of life of the older population. A phenomenon known as Neuroplasticity has been discovered in animals. It means how much the brain is able to adapt following an environmental modification and it is dependent on cognitive function and neural attachments. Therefore, we should expect a more loaded hippocampus in people who exist in superior environments due to their higher wealth of interest (Ballesteros et al., 2015). Experiments carried out on humans… Continue Reading...

Restitution for Victims Of Crime

shall look into at least three different articles with deep literature review that focuses on the history and origin of victimology in different nations across the globe (Dussich J.P.J., n.d ). D. There is need to understand what victim contribution to the intimate partner crime could be and how these can be handled when dealing with restitution situation. It will be important to extensively explain how the victim contribution can significantly affect the restitution process causing unnecessary loss of monetary compensation or even delays in submission of the restitution money (University of Portsmouth, 2012). E. Bearing that the restitution… Continue Reading...

Performance Based Management Synthesis

the context of study, it provides valuable insights about the usefulness of PBM in enhancing organisational performance. PBM literature also focuses on antecedents for the implementation of PBM as well as key success factors. One antecedent is leadership (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). PBM implementation is often thought to be exclusive to large organisations, which are perceived to have the resources and capacity necessary for undertaking PBM. This is not necessarily true. Smaller organisations can as well implement and benefit from PBM if they have proper leadership in place. Indeed, the importance of leadership in the success of PBM cannot… Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

gain some new insights into this issue, this paper reviews the relevant primary and secondary literature concerning organized psychology’s long involvement in the eugenics movement and how this involvement provided the scientific basis for the selective breeding and extermination of human beings. Finally, a recapitulation of the main findings from the primary and secondary literature concerning these issues and the lessons learned are presented in the conclusion. Review and Analysis The origins of eugenics can be traced to the late 19th century when a combination of events served to facilitate the development of the eugenics movement. As the fin… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

century. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature concerning Guantanamo Bay to provide the background of the issue and an analysis of this issue to determine whether the U.S. interests in Guantanamo Bay justify its continued operations. A summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue are provided in the conclusion. Background of Issue  The U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is 45 square miles in size and is located on the southeast end of Cuba (see map at Appendix A) (Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, 2014). The naval base at Guantanamo Bay was leased… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a background on Edward Snowden and how his high-profile actions adversely affected the work of the National Security Agency (NSA). An analysis of what the NSA was doing prior to the leaks and how it collects intelligence information now is followed by an examination concerning what Snowden leaked and why. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the U.S. government violated Snowden’s constitutional rights is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue in the conclusion. Background of the Issue… Continue Reading...

Credit Rating Agencies Essay

processes used by credit reporting agencies. To determine the facts with credit rating agencies, this paper reviews the literature to provide an overview of these for-profit organizations and a description of the purposes they serve. An examination of the regulatory environment in which credit rating agencies operate is followed by an analysis of current issues with credit rating agencies in the United States and abroad. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning credit ratings agencies and ways to improve them are provided in the conclusion. Credit Agencies Overview What are credit agencies? Today, there are ten… Continue Reading...

Robotic Surgery Essay

and analysis.  Given that all stakeholders would benefit from such data collection, it is not surprising that the literature would focus on this as a critical thread in innovation. Media Impact and Public Opinion If medical opinion about robotic surgeries is divided, public opinion is perhaps less so. There have been few studies on the subject of public response to robotic surgeries. A reasonable prediction would be that as long as a surgeon is in charge of the machine, that robotic surgery would be viewed mainly as just another modern surgical tool. The benefits that are sold as coming… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Implications Essay

the facts concerning this vitally important issue that affects all humankind, this paper reviews the relevant literature about global warming and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about global warming are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion A growing body of evidence indicates that anthropogenic activities since the Industrial Revolution and more recently since the end of World War II have poured millions and millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the earth’s atmosphere, thereby trapping more radiant heat and causing the earth to become hotter (Li, 2016). According to… Continue Reading...

Legalshield Pre-paid Legal Services Essay

achieved this level of success and the competitive environment in which it competes, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of LegalShield using Porter’s five forces framework, followed by a recommendation based on this analysis. Overview of Pre-Paid Legal Services, Inc. Following a motor vehicle collision that hospitalized him in 1969, Harland Stonecipher became acutely aware of the need for improved access to the legal system for ordinary individuals. According to LegalShield’s Web site, “After depleting his life savings defending himself against something he didn’t do, Stonecipher was determined to make legal protection accessible to everyone,… Continue Reading...

Curriculum Evaluation Plan Essay

1). In addition, the Department of Education also notes that: In Grade 6, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing; In Grade 7, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing; and, In Grade 8, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing (ELA K-12, 2016, para. 2). Conclusion Providing young learners with the curricular offerings they need to successfully pass the PARCC standardized tests and enter college and… Continue Reading...

Media Theory Essay

actor-network theory aids the development of cogent solutions to cyberterrorism, hacking, espionage, and other international events. Review of literature A review of literature demonstrates how actor-network theory has already been applied to cybercrime and cybercriminality. Muller (2015) fuses the concept of assemblage and actor-network theory to provide a new approach to international relations that recognizes the centrality of digital networks. Digital networks, like all other social networks, possess an organic nature. When non-human entities are introduced, including artificially intelligent systems, the complexity of networks can complicate solutions to cybercrimes. Although actor-network theory “risks describing endless chains of associations without ever… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

further below. Purpose of the study The purpose of the proposed study will be to explore the secondary literature and collect primary data concerning the causes of violence in the nation’s schools and what steps can be implemented to prevent it. This purpose is highly congruent with the guidance provided by Johnson, Burke and Gielen (2012) who note that the vast majority of schools in the United States (90%-plus) have already implemented school-based initiatives that are designed to prevent school violence. In addition, school-based violence prevention programs can also help reduce the incidence of violent behaviors such as bullying through coursework… Continue Reading...

Violating Social Norms Essay

“The term personal space was introduced into the psychological literature to describe the zone around the human body that people feel is 'their space.. This is the absolute minimal normally acceptable distance to separate individuals in most common settings” (p. 81). The precise dimensions of an individual’s personal space vary according to age, culture, gender, and context of the setting, as well as other factors (Khan & Kamal, 2010). Explanation of hypothesis It was the hypothesis of this experiment that most if not all movie-goers would react in some fashion when a stranger sat down next to them in… Continue Reading...

Divorce Case Study Essay

unwanted pregnancies. 12.     Help Although Orem’s coping strategies proved effective for Julie, there remains a gap in the literature concerning coping strategies that are specifically designed for younger people. Continue Reading...

Intelligence Simulation Essay

simulation being the essential equivalent to the possession of intelligence (Pogio & Meyers, 2016). This paper reviews the relevant literature to show that the Turing test and Chinese Room argument fail to provide an adequate response to this claim. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the successful simulation of human reasoning is in principle possible and whether the answer to this question is inherently dependent on the answer to the main question is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Turing test and Chinese Room argument as they relate to the possession of intelligence are… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

successful in eliminating this practice. To determine the facts, this paper provides an analysis of the relevant literature concerning the correlation between prostitution and human trafficking to demonstrate that the two have an inextricable but difficult to quantify effect on each other. A summary of the research and important findings concerning human trafficking and prostitution are provided in the conclusion. Review and Analysis There are dichotomous views about prostitution and how it correlates with human trafficking. According to definition provided by Article 3, paragraph (a) of the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, human… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

desired outcomes given the violative nature of the practice. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe what practices constitute torture during interrogations and whether these practices are efficacious in producing reliable intelligence information. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Background and Overview A number of aspects of the global war on terrorism, including the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the infamous prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and the use of torture, represent major issues for concerned American citizens.3 Likewise, the use of torture for intelligence-gathering… Continue Reading...

Harlem Renaissance Poems

as to any white American of his age,” (“Harlem Renaissance: American literature and Art”). Implicit in Cullen’s poetic styles and formats was the belief in a blended identity, and yet the poem “Simon the Cyrenian Speaks” shows that Cullen indeed did struggle with the double consciousness. Langston Hughes took a different approach than Cullen did, in terms of poetic style, subject matter, and approaches to race. Contrary to Cullen, Hughes believed “black poets should create a distinctive Negro art, combating what he called the “urge within the race toward whiteness,” (“Harlem Renaissance: American literature and Art” 1). In Hughes’s… Continue Reading...

How Public Perception Shape the Performance Of the Fire Department

small towns and concentrating more on serving the community’s centerpiece. Recruitment literature of fire personnel can be handed out during community meetings, and when colleges have career days, the departments can conduct presentations geared towards enlightening the students on Fire Departments. Through such engagements, residents are given the opportunity of witnessing live demonstrations performed by Fire Departments about procedures of emergency-procedures (DeStefano, 2016). Thoughts on Fire Protection and the Community Fire protection and the community are other areas that should be considered concerning the perception of the Fire Department. Cultural transformations are now seen in many Fire Departments across… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

approach is recoverable from the explicit and implicit content of scholarly literature” (Fealy, 1999, p. 74). The common-sense approach is a way to locate or ground theory within commonsense and is articulated in the world of practice. Practice allows it to be refined, reconstructed, and then validated (Ghaye & Lillyman, 2014). An applied science approach means conforming to standards of validity, reliability, and vigor as it is laid down by ‘science’. The practical approach allows for nourishing of practical clinical wisdom. This approach is used to support and inform clinical decisions (Ghaye & Lillyman, 2014). A critical approach allows… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

as compared to standard care only, to infants born less than 37 weeks gestation, improve feeding intolerance? literature Review The neonatal timespan is one of the most susceptible phases for the infant. In particular, there continues to be a high death rate of preterm infants. In order for such infants to gain weight and have the ideal growth, they have to have an ingestion of energy by feeding. Feeding intolerance is presently one of the top underlying causes of weight loss in preterm infants. The four articles of this paper discuss the impact of abdominal massage in facilitating feeding tolerance… Continue Reading...

Hawthorne Vs Poe Story Comparison

be counted among the leading American writers to have defined contemporary literature. These personalities significantly elevated short story standards, banking of every literary element in order for strengthening their styles. However, the two utilized these tools rather differently. On the one hand, Hawthorne delved into and discovered human nature’s realities, while, on the other, Poe examined the hearts of people by critiquing their thinking, values, and actions. Both were able to emerge successful when it came to the exploration of short story details, employing words for developing a vibrant world for their readers. Via the genres of gothic and… Continue Reading...

The Origins and Types Of Behavioral Therapy

model of psychotherapy used in contemporary clinical practice,” (p. 17). The literature on cognitive-behavioral therapy shows that it can be effective for multiple types of clinical disorders from addictions and mood disorders to psychotic disorders like schizophrenia (Butler, Chapman, Forman & Beck, 2006). All types of behavior therapies use the underlying principles of basic behaviorism, including positive and negative reinforcement. The first stage in any behavioral therapy is self-monitoring and self-awareness (Herkov, 2016). When the client is a young child, such as a child with ADHD, the parents can help the child develop the necessary self-awareness to make the… Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

also substantiate most of their claims—though not all—with references to primary experimental research or scholarly literature. As many Americans fall prey to the delusions of anti-science and anti-intellectualism, The Invisible Gorilla plays a crucial role on the pop psychology shelves. This is a book that is written in the spirit of Malcolm Gladwell, and indeed occupies a similar role in what can be called a sub-genre of pop psychology: pop cognitive science. Often, critical research like the invisible gorilla experiment remains confined to the ivory towers. Unless that research is translated into a language and format the general public… Continue Reading...

Suffering Of Mathilde in the Necklace

in its awfulness, when the truth of the necklace is finally told. Works Cited Maupassant, Guy de. “The Necklace,” 1884. American literature. https://americanliterature.com/author/guy-de-maupassant/short-story/the-necklace   Continue Reading...

The Link Between Mental Health and Trauma Informed Care

use of numerous channels to empower nurses with knowledge on trauma-informed care (Isobel & Edwards, 2017). literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of trauma-informed care in improving the delivery of mental health care. Trauma-informed care makes patients feel valued, respected, empowered, informed, connected, and hopeful of recovery (Muskett, 2013; MHCC, 2013). This can result in increased patient satisfaction. Trauma-informed care can also change patients’ perceptions of care and recovery as well as clinician-patient relationships, further improving patient satisfaction. Furthermore, trauma-informed care can enhance patient outcomes by improving patients’ compliance with care and knowledge of self-help techniques. For Wilson, Hutchinson & Hurley… Continue Reading...

Poem Analysis the Very End by Tom Sleigh

child psychology. The sum total of this would be that the grandmother was an avid reader of literature, with an apparent focus on non-fiction such as history and psychology. Another rather telling reference is the concurrent use of the words “gloved” and “threatening”. This would seem to indicate that his grandmother had a warm yet sinister voice or tone (Sleigh). Another obvious theme is the sum total of the historical references. They are all in reference to Rome. The references to Caligula, Nero, the “Roman sun” and the triumvirate are all Roman in their genesis. The historical references and… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

law enforcement practice. This article ties in with the body of literature on psychological variables involved in false confessions. It can be used to better inform police policy and practice. Another feature of this article is that the authors differentiate between types of false confession. For example, Forrest, Wadkins & Larson (2006) refer to the role of real or imagined pressure laced during the interrogation, the fact that many people are trying to protect someone else by falsely confessing, and finally, the internalization type, which is investigated in this study. This source directly answers my research question about when false… Continue Reading...

Coping with Emotional Challenges Among Salespersons

reappraisal, the expressive suppression is seen widely to be more effective. literature review The process of regulating emotions in an individual involves the person striving to regulate the kind of emotion they display to the people they are with or speaking to as well as the emotions they have within them and at what times to have these emotions. There are other ways of regulating emotions like the cognitive reappraisal method which involves actually reappraising an event and deciding what meaning to assign to the event and consequently the emotions to assign them (Huffington, 2013). However, of greater significance herein… Continue Reading...

Why Parents Should Be Liable for Their Children\'s Bullying

young people to bully each other. Therefore, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to argue that parents should be held responsible to an extent, whether it be financially or legally, for their children who are bullies. An analysis of both sides of this argument is followed by a summary of the research and the rationale in support of holding parents responsible for the children’s bullying behaviors. Background and overview Although there is no universally agreed upon or legal definition for bullying, the definition of bullying provided by the U.S. Department of Education and Centers for Disease… Continue Reading...

Patagonia and Sustainability Case Study

the current state of the company’s sustainability initiatives. Best practices from the literature will be utilized to them make recommendations for how the company can improve, including what metrics it can utilize, and how it should approach sustainability from a marketing perspective. Criteria The current approach to sustainability combines input and output measures. An input measure, for example, is the percentage of organic cotton that the company uses, based on evidence that shows organic cotton is less harmful to the environment than conventional cotton. Programs like Common Threads also reflect an input-based approach, as are the five Rs. These… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

that these findings are highly relevant and seemingly consistent with existing literature on health care disparities on the basis of race, ethnicity, and culture. However, similar to other studies, these three studies have some limitations including the failure to examine the role of socioeconomic factors in health disparities, assumption that race is a valid biological construct, and lack of appropriate definitions of ethnicity and culture. Despite these limitations, these three studies highlight the sources and contributing factors of disparities in health care delivery and quality based on race, ethnicity, and culture. While there could be other factors contributing to… Continue Reading...

San Diego Police Departments Literature Review

Annotated literature Review Carlitz, R. (2013). Improving transparency and accountability in the budget process: An assessment of recent initiatives. Development Policy Review, 31(1), S49-S67. The author of this article is a political science professor at the University of California, an exemplification of his mastery and knowledge of the subject. The article emphasizes the importance of transparency and accountability in the budget process. With reference to empirical literature, the author points out that though there is no universally accepted methodology for ensuring transparency and accountability in public budget management, there are four… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

when I start writing. The annotated bibliographies encourage me to summarize the literature, determine the strength or credibility of the research methods, and think critically about how that research applies to my own work. The topic I am considering for my annotated bibliography is criminal psychology. Criminal psychology addresses the psychological motivations for committing crime, including personality theories and theories that take into account biological, social, and environmental risk factors. Because I do not yet know what specific area to research, I will start with three general sources about criminal psychology. The following is my preliminary annotated bibliography on… Continue Reading...

Developing Financial Benchmarks for Critical Access Hospitals

average to good are not constantly taken into account in the financial literature (Pink et al., 2009). Notably, critical access hospitals account for just about 80 percent of all small rural hospitals as well as more than 60 percent of all hospitals situated in rural areas. It has been established that benchmarks are suitable but is largely challenging to incessantly perform better than benchmark on more than one particular indicator. The inference of this is that it is difficult to produce high returns, bank considerable cash, have minimal debt in the capital structure, and accomplish low expenses in relation… Continue Reading...

Role Of Depression and Medication

patients. However, Tang et al. (2014) indicate that a great deal of literature in this topic takes into account the dynamic that exists between depression and medication adherence in the area of chronic illnesses. On the basis of 31 research studies that spun more than 18,000 participants, majority of the meta-analysis established that individuals experiencing depression had a greater likelihood of approximately 1.76 to 3.03 times of being non-adherent to the treatment plan in comparison to individuals who were not depressed. Moreover, knowledge in the area shows that enhancement in the depression rankings or scores had a positive correlation… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Neo Freudianism

the mid-life crisis (Weaver, 2009) When taken as a whole, literature on psychotherapy shows how theory and practice evolve over time in reaction to scientific research and other issues like changing values and norms. Psychotherapy remains a critical intervention because it promotes self-awareness. In fact, one of the most salient themes in the literature is self-awareness, as a primary goal of psychotherapy. Self-awareness is sparked by self-reflection, which is dependent on the therapeutic relationship. Moreover, self-awareness can lead to self-realization and self-actualization, which can mitigate the problems associated with a mid-life crisis. While mid-life crisis is only one example of… Continue Reading...

The Influence Of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns

(Cairney, 2000). As poets and playwrights, both Shakespeare and Burns have substantially influenced English literature and language as well as the British national identity. How did they come to acquire this status? This question constitutes the focus of this paper. The paper specifically demonstrates how Shakespeare and Burns became national bards, and their influence on English, Scottish, and British national identity. William Shakespeare: A Brief Account of His Life and Work Shakespeare was born and grew up in Warwickshire’s market town of Stratford-upon-Avon. As much of Shakespeare’s personal life remains a mystery, it is not known exactly when he… Continue Reading...

Other Cultures Xenophobia and Understanding

into new markets. Understanding other cultures also adds value to the world, through shared arts, music, and literature. Not understanding other cultures is like eating the same thing again and again, day after day. Finally, understanding other cultures promotes peace. Understanding other cultures makes it less likely to discriminate in practice or indirectly, as with institutionalized racism. Cultures can teach each other how to build bridges and harmonize, reaching mutually beneficial solutions rather than resorting to blaming and violence. The underlying function of racist regimes, policies, or worldviews is to perpetuate violence. Understanding other cultures makes it less likely… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams as the language of the unconscious mind, and the development of ego defense mechanisms as psychological coping mechanisms. Dream analysis is one of the hallmarks of Freudian theory and central to psychoanalysis. In this article, Hebbrecht (2013) presents several case studies from clinical practice to illustrate some of the ways dream recollection can be stimulated during therapy, and how dreams can be used to unlock the unconscious mind. Each… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

no single leadership style that is appropriate for all situations with regards to empowering followers.  As demonstrated in existing literature, this is primarily because of the differences in follower attributes and need for autonomy.  This means that empowering leadership behaviors toward follower should be determined based on followers’ characteristics.   In hypothesis development the researchers define self-leadership as self-influence and self-control of behaviors.  They also define empowering leadership as behaviors and actions undertaken by leaders to encourage followers to take initiative and manage/control their behaviors.  It is clear that self-leadership and empowering leadership are connected because empowering leadership is… Continue Reading...

Technology in Paralympic Games Article Review

during the Paralympic games. The researcher does an in-depth analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on technologies available for use by Paralympic athletes to be able to compete well. Moreover, the researcher uses personal observations of technological developments at the Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008) Paralympic games. The observations and discussions on the use of technologies are carried on Paralympic athletes that took part in the 2004 and 2008 Paralympic games in Athens and Beijing respectively (Burkett, 2010). The null hypothesis stated that the technology used in Paralympic games had no impact on the performance of Paralympic athletes. However, alternative… Continue Reading...

Achieving Tenure for Professors

to elucidate the answers to these questions. Firstly, they conduct an extensive literature review to ascertain the findings of previous research on this subject. Next, the authors employ “a self study that presents the experiences of four faculty of color navigating the tenure process in a predominately white Research Institution” (Diggs et al, 2009, p. 313). Significantly, this study and the research it entails is underpinned by Critical Race Theory. Although this theory encompasses a number of different facets, the most significant one to the article is that racism is institutionalized and considered normal in the United States (Diggs… Continue Reading...

Vocational Skills Vs Liberal Arts Skills

which contributes to success and innovation as shown in existing literature. The presentation of these four reasons will be presented beginning with less compelling to the most compelling reason. In this regard, the first reason will be that liberal arts enable students/graduates to be well-rounded with regards to balancing academics and wide range of liberal arts skills. The second reason is that liberal arts enable students to achieve success and innovation in their work. The third reason is that liberal arts enables graduates to possess most valuable attributes that employers are looking for beyond their academic qualifications. Finally, liberal… Continue Reading...

Recruitment Problem at Rtmm Inc

of action. Through this approach, various options for enhancing job acceptance rates were considered based on existing literature and data on best recruitment strategies. As shown in existing research, the best way to address the firm’s current recruitment problems is to ensure that the job offers meet industry standards and ensure the recruitment process is candidate-driven. By ensuring that industry standards are the basis for the job offers, the company will effectively avoid losing qualified candidates to its competitors. Additionally, the use of a candidate-driven recruitment strategy helps in ensuring that qualified candidates understand the company and its value… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

2018). To determine the facts about the Parkland shootings, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a description of the horrific events that occurred at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, a description of the confessed shooter, the failure by FBI to investigate, the failure of deputies to enter the building, what types of gun was used, and how Americans can prevent atrocities like this from recurring in the future. Finally, a summary of the research and key findings concerning the Parkland shootings and their implications for the future of American gun ownership are presented in the conclusion.… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

diversity in organizations. They begin with the premise that the existing literature does not adequately explore the differences between these two types of diversity. So the first issue that they raise is with respect to solidifying a definition for the two concepts. In this way, the basic concept is to examine the existing studies to "identify areas of improvement (that) could be made in the existing literature regarding the discussion of diversity in order to improve its impact on the expected organizational outcomes." The start by breaking down the perspectives on diversity into the information and decision-making perspectives and… Continue Reading...

Growth Vs Fixed Mindset

Kids. Sourcebooks, 2016. Sheehan, Kevin, and Jessica Ryan. Growing a Growth Mindset: Unlocking Character Strengths Through Children's literature. Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

revealed via researches that concentrate on pre-task, post-task, and in-exercise performance. Here, the research aim was reviewing literature on music’s key impacts on performance, potential mechanisms, and novel insights into the subject. The technique involved searching, choosing and stratifying original papers from key databases (including Medline, Scopus, Scielo, Sport Discuss, and Web of Science) by utilizing ‘music’, ‘performance’, ‘exercise’ and ‘fatigue’ as descriptors. Every form and model of music and exercise was taken into account. The essays indicate that music in the form of an ergogenic support may prove effective in enhancing performance; lowering perceived exertion rates; and generating… Continue Reading...

Thematic Analysis the Things They Carried and Slaughterhouse Five

and History Rewriting.” The Jungang Journal of English Language and literature, vol. 56, no. 4, 2014, pp. 135–151. Ruff, John. “The Good News (and Who’s Listening) in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried.” Expositions, vol. 3, no. 2, 2013, pp. 41–56. Vonnegut, Kurt. Slaughterhouse-Five, or, The children crusade: a duty-Dance with death. Dell Pub., 2008. Won, Chul. “Slaughterhouse-Five: The World and the Subjectivity.” The New Korean Journal of English Language & literature, vol. 50, no. 2, 2010, pp. 95–111.   Continue Reading...

Suicide Among Psychiatric Patients

patients regarding their subjective assessments of suicidal ideation. Keywords The following keywords that can be used for conducting a literature search include: major depressive disorder, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, DSM-V, suicidal behavior, suicide, suicidal ideation, mindfulness, mindfulness meditation, meditation, suicide risk, and psychiatric patients. References Appleby, L. (1992). Suicide in psychiatric patients. British Journal of Psychiatry 1992(161): 749-758. Jacobs, D.G., Baldessarini, R.J., Conwell, Y., et al (2010). Practice guideline for the assessment and treatment of patients with suicidal behaviors. https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/suicide.pdf Sakinofsky, I. (2014). Preventing suicide among inpatients. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 59(3): 131-140. Sarzetto, A., Delmonte, D., Seghi, F. et al… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles in Traditional East Asia

little information regarding women at work or in public spaces (Yasuko, p.99). Actually, there is very limited literature or documentation of female commoners at work in comparison to documentation on aristocratic women who worked in palaces in traditional East Asia. In cases where women had public roles in villages, such roles were restricted in some considerable ways. For example, women’s names did not appear in the payment rosters for shrine land, which was the collective land for the community (Yasuko, p.115). In cases where women contributed financially to the accumulation of shrine land, their contributions were not formally acknowledged… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shortages

Is more education the solution to staffing shortages in nursing? Review of literature According to the study by Baydoun et al. (2016), staffing shortages disrupt health care service and make it harder for providers to offer the kind of quality care to patients that patients expect and require. The more frequently that nurses call in sick or do not show up for work, the more costly it is, ultimately, for the organization that employs them. Not only does the organization have to find a way to cover the shift, sometimes by paying other nurses overtime to stay and work more… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

conduct regulation and a decrease in emotional reactivity and psychological symptoms. Inconsistencies and contradictions in the literature, and possible explanations for inconsistencies Zgierska and coworkers (2009) reveals a lack of conclusive information linked to mindfulness meditation as addiction therapy. But the preliminary proofs suggest mindfulness meditation’s effectiveness. Clinical trials in the future need to have a sufficiently large sample size for successfully answering a given clinical issue. Furthermore, they need to encompass thoroughly-designed comparison clusters for allowing evaluation of mindfulness meditation’s means of action as well as impact size. Williams and Crane (2010) indicate that people exhibiting superior cognitive reactivity,… Continue Reading...

Computer Assisted Instruction in Education

the curriculum through computers and self-directed learning could facilitate the building of leadership skills and character education. The literature on the subject also supports this idea: Ybarra and Green (2003) show that students enjoy computer-based activities I nteh classroom. Keengwe and Hussein (2014) likewise show that CAI helps students to devote more time to practice lessons, increases their motivation, and provides access to more authentic materials. Cassady, Smith and Thomas (2017) report that students who use CAI increase their vocabulary and text comprehension over students who do not use CAI. Additionally, Alvarez-Marinelli, Blanco, Lara-Alecio et al. (2016) demonstrated in… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

the term extraordinary. Koestler would author scores of works of literature, including one relatively early on in his career which enable him to remain financially secure for the rest of his life (Menand). He was also a Jewish person who lived through both World Wars and endured firsthand persecution during the Spanish Civil War--an event which helped presage the Second World War. A man of both political and religious conviction, Koestler remained active on both fronts for the duration of his life. Moreover, his early literary success and activism rendered him a celebrity for the vast majority of his… Continue Reading...

Mitigating Burnout with Leadership

this document is Hockaday’s “Trauma leadership strategies to prevent and reduce burnout in urban academic centers”. This piece of literature deconstructs several eminent facets of burnout syndrome within the context of the healthcare industry and its manifestations among various forms of trauma care providers. Specifically, the author examines this phenomenon in relation to nurses, surgeons, residents, and advanced practice providers. The article concludes with a number of interventions directed towards the individual and organizational levels. Key Points Analysis The most pivotal point the author makes is that burnout syndrome produces an inordinately noxious affect upon those who are susceptible… Continue Reading...

Is Nursing Theory Important to Profession

care – can be achieved,” (p. 439). Although theory generation and support in academic literature can seem daunting to nurses, it is always important to keep in mind the ways theory helps frame paradigms of nursing practice. References McEwen, M. & Wills, E.M. (2017). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Mikkonen, K., Kyngas, H. & Kääriäinen, M. (2015). Nursing students’ experiences of empathy of their teachers. Advances in Health Sciences Education 20(3): 669-682. Scully, N.J. (2015). Leadership in nursing. Collegian 22(4): 439-444. Continue Reading...

Adoption Of New Technology

Structural inertia has long been studied in organizational change literature – people become accustomed to doing things a certain way, they have fallen into routines, and many people really do not like being broken out of their comfort zones (Hannan & Freeman, 1984). This phenomenon can be observed on the macro level, but it will also manifest on the micro level, with respect to individual changes that are non-structural in nature. A good example is the rolling out of new technology. There are a few things that a nurse leader can do to ensure that the rollout of the… Continue Reading...

Adidas Market Entry

decision. The competitive landscape is also relevant, just not as much as in the developed world. literature Review The main approach by which Adidas' decisions will be evaluated will be the transnational approach. At its heart, this approach reflects a company that operates across borders – one that is not quite fully global, but is sufficiently global that it has in many respects lost its tether to the home country (Johns, 1993-1994). Whether or not Adidas fits this description is a matter for debate. Internally, how it is run, Adidas is still very much a Germany company. But its products,… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Mission Vision and Values

Executive Summary Coca-Cola's mission, vision and values are analyzed, against the literature outlining what the best practices for these things are. Coca-Cola's mission statement has three parts, only one of which says something meaningful; the other two state the obvious. The vision statement contains no vision, does not meet the criteria of a high quality vision statement, and needs to be replaced in its entirety. The values statements are superficial; taken at face value they express nothing wrong, but they also add no real value because of their superficiality. Recommendations for improving or replacing these three statements are given… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

in transforming, serving, and guiding workers is well established in the literature (Den, Deanne & Belschak, 2012). Likewise, the structure of the organization may be a good place to start—especially if the structure is disordered, not unified, or lacking in cohesion. Seeing how each of these variables may contribute to the understanding of organizational behavior is important. The Hawthorne Effect There are also some pitfalls to be avoided when monitoring organizational behavior to enhance healthcare efficiency. The Hawthorne Effect, for example, is defined as a modification in employee behavior that occurs when workers know they are being watched. They… Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

2012) Reflect on three of the articles you have chosen for the literature review assignment. How will these articles help you proceed from here? A. Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life's domains  This article outlines self-determination theory’s (SDT’s) key elements and analyzes fundamental as well as applied studies, discussing motivation differentiation (extrinsic and intrinsic) with respect to SDT. It offers a comprehensive explanation of SDT, with controlled and independent motivations making up the major, overall distinction. Motivation kind is typically of greater significance as compared to degree of motivation when it comes to the prediction of key life… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

determination forms the main solution to preventing it. While scant literature on childhood obesity risk factors can be found, experts are becoming increasingly aware of the significance of early life settings. However, hardly any risk factor identified is proven; most are only potential (Reilly et al. 2005). Aim This research work intends to determine and quantify obesity-related risk factors in case of seven-year-olds enrolled in ALSPAC (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children). It deals with a huge current cohort wherein confounding factors are taken into consideration and likely risk factors concurrently examined. Only a priori suppositions-substantiated risk factors… Continue Reading...

Closing the Achievement Gap

getting larger and harder to manage. The interventions that were sought and found for this literature review were found in academic databases such as EBSCO. As one might expect, “achievement gap” and other similar search strings were the parameters used to find the results. Generally speaking, the use of targeted interventions that address the root of the problem at the cultural and economic levels are what it takes to stem the problems in question. While there are no easy or simple answers when it comes to the achievement gap, the hard questions and answers will have to come to… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

and the collective commitment to reaching organizational goals, according to prior literature. Bakker (2015) builds on prior literature in the areas of personality diversity and organizational objectives. This article first outlines various theories of organizational psychology including job demands-resources theory, which shows how top-level management decisions can mitigate the detrimental effects of personality diversity on organizational commitment. At the same time, employee commitment can positively enhance team cohesion and the ability for teams to achieve their own and the organization’s main goals. Job crafting, the bottom-up, employee-driven behaviors, are linked with reduced stress, reduced rates of burnout, and greater… Continue Reading...

Childhood Obesity Prevention

beyond that then he is considered obese as observed by the WHO. This health menace has been extensively researched and literature written about in details in the USA as well as other developing and underdeveloped nations. In the contemporary society, it is a challenge that cuts across gender and age. The current trend worries since, compared to the recent past when it was considered to be an old age complication, obesity is fast becoming a burden and health concern for the younger generation (McBurnie M.A., 2015). Worse still, obesity is now widely known through facts and statistics to be a… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

clinical setting that diminishes risk such as mindfulness meditation. Summary of literature Review The mindfulness meditation theory is deemed to the most prospective one in treating addictive disorder patients. The safety of these models is guaranteed if carried out in the framework of clinical studies. In recent periods, associated interventions together with practices in the role of corresponding clinical aid for the treatment of several mental and physical sicknesses have become more popular. In particular, two of the practices that have been analyzed include the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) having all-encompassing participants demonstrating that they… Continue Reading...

Mongols History

2018). He published many articles and academic books especially in literature and history. His worked is revered for the unique style and scholarship value. Most of his publications relate to Persia (Present day Iran) with respect to Persian literature or history. Iranians widely accepted his work despite the fact that Iran was very suspicious of foreigners. His work is respected in Persia even having one of the Tehran streets named after him. Bibliography Asian Topics in World History | Columbia University. The Mongols in World History. Retrieved 31, January, 2018 from http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/mongols/main/transcript.pdf Browne, E. G. (1959). A literary history of… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

perpetuation of violence is not a new one: As noted by Conti (2015) “….what the scientific literature has found—almost universally—is that there is a very small but statistically significant correlation between consumption of violent media and raises in level of aggression” (par. 6). The fact that there is a link between observing violence and committing violence, no matter how small, raises alarms about covering graphic, violent incidents, including serial killer’s murder sprees. There are documented incidents of disturbed individuals replicating the actions of such killers, based on their obsessive reading of media reports (Conti 2015). Just as copycat suicides… Continue Reading...

Sex and Gender in Media

and also became about gender as well. The problem is that mainstream feminist literature has done nothing to acknowledge “black female spectatorship” nor does it “even consider the possibility that women can construct an oppositional gaze via an understanding and awareness of the politics of race and racism” (p. 123). The gaze is not a one-way street but rather the means by which a two-way flow of communication is possible. In “Analyzing Gender in Media Texts,” we are exposed to different theories and approaches to analyzing gender in various texts. We learn about content analysis, semiotics, ideological critique, discourse… Continue Reading...

Women Coming Of Age in the 50s and 60s

World War II ended. However, they are not monolithic or too much alike in nature. It is important that literature explore the human condition and what drives people to act and behave as they do. Of course, nobody lives or behaves in a vacuum. Despite what some people might suggest, what a given person does can affect the behaviors and reactions of others and/or the same thing can happen in reverse. Analysis The first reading and topic is one that tends to be explosive and controversial. Indeed, that would be sex and how teenagers handle the same. The treatise… Continue Reading...

Confronting the Problem Of Truancy

vexing for many educators. This paper will offer a literature review of different previous researchers’ perceptions of the issue in different contexts, the data they used, and the solutions they derived as a result of this data. According to Kenneth Reid’s 2003 article “The Search for Solutions to Truancy and Other Forms of School Absence,” truancy is a significant factor in dropping out for many students. Reid’s article specifically focuses on the United Kingdom where nearly 35% of students leave school without any formal qualification, despite punitive efforts by the government such as increasing fines and truancy prosecutions as… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

made adjustments both in the short-run and in the long-run. The literature on the subject of the effect of migration on the labour market has been contentious and disputed (Home Report, 2014). The purpose of this paper is to consider the prevailing evidence on the displacement in the job market owing to net migration on the citizens in the UK to provide a more comprehensible understanding on the verdicts in this topic. Positive Impacts of Immigration Impact of Immigration on Wage and Employment In spite of the aforementioned negative aspects of immigration on the UK job market, there are… Continue Reading...

Personal Leadership Development Plan

attending leadership conferences, engaging in leadership by volunteering for committees, and applying myself to the study of various scholarly literature on leadership in the healthcare community. By orienting myself in a formal manner towards the pursuit of leadership qualities, I can build on my strengths and overcome the obstacles that keep me deficient in areas where I am weakest. My plan will allow me to identify areas where I can take advantage of my best qualities and use them to drive myself to improve my weaknesses through study, practice, and participation. Enrolling in a university and building upon my… Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

Revolution also changed social norms. Dickens’s A Christmas Carol is only one example of how the literature of the Victorian era reflected trends towards socialist ethics. The proletariat, the working classes, became more keenly aware of how the owners of the means of production were exploiting their labor by placing arbitrary values on their wages. Nowhere was the philosophy of socialism and communism explained more cogently and rationally than in The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels had their finger on the pulse of the social, cultural, and political revolutions taking place throughout Europe. Marx viewed the changes as being… Continue Reading...

Virtual Team Theories and Research

how the data is presented in the two articles. The Brown article is basically a literature review that makes use of a slew of references and correlations with other research. There is a figure or two within this narrative and review. However, direct verbiage and assembly of different data points is the norm in the Brown article. The Krumm article is much more scientific in nature. It also relies on much more tables, data summaries and so forth. Like the Brown article, there is a literature review. However, something that is very unique about the Krumm article, especially as… Continue Reading...

Ee Cummings Modernist Poet

Modernist literature refers to a literary period from the first half of the 20th century, one that reacted to the external influences of an increasingly industrialized society, and one that was becoming more and more globalized. This was a population of people who had been hardened and drained by two world wars. This was a population of people who were pondering the future of humanity, human existence, the human condition and their place in the world. When compared to the romantic period, modernism appears… Continue Reading...

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (prams)

thirty-two state samples to investigate methodological subjects (Kotelchuck, 2006). Evidence-based literature to support the intervention/ program 40 States including New York underwent the PRAMS project recently. 3 States i.e. Idaho, Nevada, and California, also took surveys similar to PRAMS. Mothers respond to mailed questionnaires and where responses are not given the defaulting mothers are telephoned. Each year roughly 77,000 responses will be given. In the year 2010, the rate of response was between 54, therefore, in Virginia and 83% in Vermont. Typically, the questions are focused on issues like Breastfeeding, cigarette smoking while pregnant, prenatal care and information on child… Continue Reading...

Allyship Community Education and Leadership

respond to minimize or mitigate conflict. Based on prior literature, the conflict resolution strategies educators can adopt include defining desired outcomes, trusting in the process, and identifying guiding principles. Many of the twenty suggestions offered in this article overlap with one another, and thus can be distilled into a more simplified framework that educational leaders and administrators can use to manage conflict in their schools. Violence is often the end result or final phase of a conflict, meaning that educators who are more tuned into the precursors of violence and able to recognize warning signs may in a much… Continue Reading...

Competencies Scope Of Practice and Standards Of Practice for Nurse Administrators

in recent years. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to identify the scope and standards for nursing administrators, followed by a description of the profession’s general characteristics. Finally, a summary of the research together with two insights that were learned from this assignment concludes the paper Section 2. Identification of the scope and standards of a nurse administrator Although every nurse administrator position is unique in some way with respect to scope, they all typically follow the 17 competency-based standards of practice set forth in the American Nursing Association’s (ANA’s) text, Nursing Administration: Scope and Standards… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

in how mindfulness can also help me perform better as a nurse. The literature on mindfulness does suggest that practices like meditation, insight, and conscious awareness do yield important, meaningful results for social, psychological, and physical health. Physical Goals Two physical goals to maintain mindfulness and balance include yoga and walking. Yoga is a superior physical practice to cultivate body awareness. Through the practice of yoga, I develop strength and balance while also learning my body’s limits and pushing beyond them in a gentle, mindful way. Walking is something that can easily become mindless, which is why I intend… Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

well as in how mindfulness can also help me perform better as a nurse. The literature on mindfulness does suggest that practices like meditation, insight, and conscious awareness do yield important, meaningful results for social, psychological, and physical health. Physical Goals Two physical goals to maintain mindfulness and balance include yoga and walking. Yoga is a superior physical practice to cultivate body awareness. Through the practice of yoga, I develop strength and balance while also learning my body’s limits and pushing beyond them in a gentle, mindful way. Walking is something that can easily become mindless, which is why… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

philosophy on Hawaiian ethics and values, and the shift of arts and literature on Hawaiian culture. University organizational culture and structure may also be able to change to reflect Hawaiian values, respecting the need for collaborative leadership and affirmative action. To develop leaders for a Hawaiian place of learning, leaders need access to structures, institutions, and cultures that are meaningful to them and which enable them to put their ideas into action. The organizational culture can change to better reflect Hawaiian knowledge and ‘Ike Hawaii, thereby preventing emerging indigenous leaders from being discouraged, from being shut out of political… Continue Reading...

Sepsis

impact on patient wellness than physicians. This paper will review all relevant literature connected to sepsis guidelines, and seek to determine what needs to more aggressively change in the medical community in order to drastically minimize the rate of occurrence. Considerations Most healthcare professionals are aware of the benefit of educational programs and interventions like the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (Rhodes et al., 2016). Campaigns like the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines offer just under 100 suggestions on the immediate management and resuscitation of patients with sepsis or septic shock; from this group the strongest recommendations were selected for the most excellent… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Senior Manager in Eldercare

outcomes or budgetary outcomes. Parand, Dopson, Renz, et al (2016) conducted a systematic review of literature and found “evidence that managers’ time spent and work can influence quality and safety clinical outcomes, processes and performance,” (p. 1). Therefore, senior managers should spend additional time with staff to cultivate the core competencies in key areas including the implementation of new technologies, new guidelines for best clinical practices, renovations to the structure, or methods of attracting new clients. Departmentalization, Delegation, and Work Functions One of the main functions of the senior manager in the eldercare organization is the creation of new… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

A.M. & Asif, R. (2015). Organizational Conflict and Conflict Management: A Synthesis of literature. Journal of Business and management Research, 9, 238-244. Currie et al. (2016). The Management of Workplace Conflict: Contrasting Pathways in the HRM literature. International Journal of Management Reviews. Retrieved from https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/100637667/management_of_workplace.pdf Frost, S. (2018). What are the Benefits of Good Conflict Resolution Skills? Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-good-conflict-resolution-skills-37268.html Huan, L.J. & Yazdanifard, R. (2012). The Difference of Conflict Management Styles and Conflict Resolution in Workplace. Business & Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1), 141-155. Lawless, J. & Trif, A. (2016, August 23). Managing Interpersonal Conflicts at Work… Continue Reading...

Role Of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications

method will consist of a systematic review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature concerning the effectiveness of the use of social media platforms in general and the use of interactive elements in these online offerings in particular to communicate CSR initiatives to stakeholders. The quantitative part of the mixed method will consist of the administration of a custom survey to a group of real-world business practitioners with responsibilities for creating, maintaining and responding to social media content for their organizations as described below. 3.1 Participants and study design. In an effort to develop a broad-based analysis that can… Continue Reading...