Literature Essays


Heart of Darkness Essay (Example Completed in 2019)

  Joseph Conrad’s novella Heart of Darkness is a fictionalized account of real-life historical events that took place during the colonial era in Africa. The novel centers on the protagonist Charles Marlow, known throughout the book as Marlow. As Marlow travels deeper and deeper down the river on a mission for the Company, he becomes increasingly horrified and shocked by what he sees. Having witnessed first hand the insane cruelty of colonial oppression, Marlow completely reconsiders his own role in the world. Through Heart of Darkness, Conrad conveys anti-colonial sentiments, showing how racism and exploitation are detrimental to all human Continue Reading...

Death of a Salesman Essay

In Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, the Lowman family finds it quite difficult to decode and differentiate between the real and illusion. This theme of reality versus illusion continues throughout the play, which in the end leads to the death of the protagonist, Willy Lowman. The key element of the play encompasses the value and importance of the American dream of becoming successful. The play is set up in the 1940s era when men in America were determined to be successful, not only in the pursuit of provisioning for their families, but also in living a life where they Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

  In this To Kill a Mockingbird essay example, the exploration of race and family will play a role in how the characters are experienced by the reader. A look at setting, an emphasis on characters like Aunt Alexandra, will help provide the kind of context needed to explore the topic further. The topic of family is an interesting area to cover because it is a personal and private attempt of the writer to showcase feelings that he or she may not otherwise show in their own lives. Novels like To Kill a Mockingbird offer a glimpse into ideals or Continue Reading...

Literature Resource Center

Our literature resource center offers a brief overview and introduction to world literature. While many English-language literature courses focus solely on novels written by English-speaking writers and from a Western-perspective, world literature courses take a global perspective, including novels written about different countries and novels by authors who were raised in those countries along with novels written by English-speaking authors about the English-speaking world. Taken as a whole, these novels offer insight into life around the globe. World literature Reading List World literature reading lists change from university to… Continue Reading...

Learning Organization

stakeholders, customers, and challenges in strategic capacities (Shah, Irani, & Sharif, 2016). The team of researchers provided a lot of literature that showed a range of factors that illustrate the attitude, beliefs and intention of human beings; as a result of their unique life experiences. The development of human resource data base, however, by use of advanced IT could be of help in understanding such human behavior and attitudes in the period of change within organizations. A range of methods to collect employee information can be used before launching the change process (Shah, Irani, & Sharif, 2016). There are many… Continue Reading...

Quantitative Research

types that cannot be conveniently acquired using alternative techniques. Review of the Related literature Are the articles relevant with previous studies and theories described? Justify your response. (2) Response: Yes, the articles are relevant with previous studies and theories described. The paper selectively limits its literature review to resources most pertinent to the subject. Some sections of the article are composed based on prior analyses. For instance, it states that Donovan and Hagan's (2012) concept analysis defined the term 'self-advocacy' among cancer survivors, as a major antecedent characteristic internalization, which entails offering assistance and promoting cancer-related policies and awareness, for… Continue Reading...

Amazon Communication Plan

processes. Organizational change and communication are intricately associated processes. literature indicates that change is a communicative challenge and that communication procedures and practices are intrinsically a part of change implementation activities. The strategy and demeanor of strategy communication in change processes necessitate decisions that incorporated similar viewpoints of analysis and a comparative effort, but that might be significant to curtail the resistance to change (Mckay et al., 2013). Communication within the framework of change has been perceived as a manner to enlighten, encompass and even influence collaborators to contribute and take part in the change process enthusiastically. Such approach… Continue Reading...

Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

achieve this in the present day (reflected, for instance, in the aforementioned cited literature, which aren't reliant on social science). This is particularly so because social scientists are themselves in disagreement with regard to acceptable policies and theories for bringing about improvements in the poor's conditions, among other things. No implication may be seen or construed in the whole of the aforementioned advocacy that theology must concern itself entirely with examining the social consequences of its thought system. Theology's chief issue is not our world's wellbeing; rather, its focus is the Trinity's glorification. However, as indicated by Barnes (2001),… Continue Reading...

Special Education in Miami Dade

citation? Also how does technology cut down expenses. Please be sure your statements are supported by the literature and connect well to the study. Comment by Steve Moskowitz: This does not make sense. One article notes teacher's attitudes towards technology as being the main barriers for integration. "Teachers' own beliefs and attitudes about the relevance of technology to students' learning were perceived as having the biggest impact on their success" (Ertmer, Ottenbreit-Leftwich, Sadik, Sendurur, & Sendurur, 2012, p. 423). If teachers believe they do not need to use technology to instruct students or they do not feel they can… Continue Reading...

Political Structures in the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

this era, and gunpowder's application developed swiftly as well. With respect to literature, numerous great poets and scholars, like Su Shi, Zhuxi, Shen Kuo, Ouyang Xiu, and Sima Guang emerged, contributing to the dynasty's splendid culture (Chafilwa, 2012). References Ahmed, F. (2015, July 26). Political structures, and social and economic life of early Chinese Dynasties (Sui, Tang & Song). Retrieved August 21, 2016, from Wordpress: https://michaelahmed.net/2015/07/26/political-structures-and-social-and-economic-life-of-early-chinese-dynasties-sui-tang-song/ Chafilwa, Z. (2012, August 28). World Civilizations. Retrieved August 21, 2016, from Docslide: http://docslide.us/documents/assignment-05-the-sui-tang-and-song-dynasties.html Continue Reading...

Book Of Acts History or Theology

a lot of the verbiage about him is not disproven in the Bible or any other literature about the same. Beyond that, there is a lot of material in the Bible that is indeed confirmed by other sources. While noting that the book of Acts is a "propaganda narrative," historian Adrian Sherwin-White admits that there are a lot of matters and details in the Book of Acts that are seemingly true when comparing and contrasting to the words and details found in historical texts outside of the Bible. For example, the identities given for the Chief Magistrates as being… Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/03/travel/off-the-tourist-grid-in-the-bahamas.html?_r=0 Nixon, A. (2011). Imaginings in/of Paradise: Bahamian literature and the culture of a tourist economy. Anthurium: A Carribean Studies Journal. 8(1), 1-22. The Commonwealth. (2016). Bahamas, the: Constitution and politics. http://thecommonwealth.org/ Retrieved from http://thecommonwealth.org/our-member-countries/bahamas/constitution-politics Continue Reading...

Australian Curriculum

be spent on the teaching and so forth. This report shall be a literature review of both the good and bad things that have emerged when it comes to the Australian Curriculum and an overall verdict shall be offered at the end of this report. While there are certain flaws when it comes to any government bureaucracy or system, the Australian Curriculum has mostly been a success by any reasonable standard.   literature Review A strong measure of any curriculum is the knowledge that it imparts when it is executed and followed. A study authored in 2015 looked specifically… Continue Reading...

Postoperative Nursing Management

137-145. Grote, E., 2008. Principles and Practices of Cultural Competency: A Review of the literature. Indigenous Higher Education Advisory Council (IHEAC), pp. 1-52. Ingram, R., 2012. Using Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence model to examine the relationship between health literacy and cultural competence.. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(3), pp. 695-704. Kirpalani, S., Schnipper, J. & Coleman, E., 2007. Promoting effective transitions of care at hospital discharge: A review of the key issues for hospitals. Journal of Hospital Medicine, pp. 314-323. Vera, M., 2013. 8 Cholecystectomy Nursing Care Plans. [Online] Available at: http://nurseslabs.com/8-cholecystectomy-nursing-care-plans/ [Accessed 12 August 2016]. Washington, D. & Doyle,… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

that a rather large share of the Caucasian population is impacted. A large body of chiefly-qualitative literature exists on the impact of the rapid modern technological, economic, and social changes on Caucasian households and communities. Although numerous linkages exist between this literature's findings and issues linked to drug abuse, investigating these linkages lies beyond the scope of this research.   Introduction Bayer introduced the opiate drug (obtained from Papaver Somniferum (opium poppy)) -- heroin -- to the world in the year 1895, to serve as a cough depressant. In the present day, heroin consumption, particularly via injections, constitutes a major… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

can be touted as a good thing, there are some bad things that have to be pointed out as well. literature Review One thing that cannot really argued about globalization and Mexico is that it truly did start off with a bang. Indeed, the years that ran from 1870 to 1911 show that there was a "vast wave" of technology imports into the country of Mexico during that time period. This allowed for a good amount of economic growth in the area as this wave developed and continued. These imports were shown to be stimulating the patenting activity that was… Continue Reading...

Profound Lessons from Childrens Stories

protest. Journal Times. Retrieved 3 August 2016, from http://journaltimes.com/lifestyles/relationships-and-special-occasions/in-what-light-there-is-turtles-burps-and-protest/article_b342cd28-324a-11e1-9ab8-001871e3ce6c.html Teaching Civics. (2016). TEACHING CIVICS THROUGH literature. Teaching Civics. Retrieved 3 August 2016, from http://teachingcivics.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/Yertle-the-Turtle.pdf Continue Reading...

Changing Psychological Contract Implications for Hrm

new contracts that are favorable to both the employer and the employee. With reference to literature in the area of organizational behavior and HRM, this paper explores the changing employer-employee relationship and its implications on HRM. First, a comprehensive definition of the notion of psychological contract is offered. Attention is then paid to factors responsible for the changing employer-employee relationship, possible consequences of the new relationship, and the actions HRM can resort to, to create contracts that resonate with the modern work environment. The Changing Employer-Employee Relationship and Implications on HRM The notion of the psychological contract is not… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

Lilly Fernandes, & Dr. Nora Hadi Q. Alsaeed. (2014). AFRICAN-AmericanS AND WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION. European Journal of English Language and literature Studies, 56-76. Harold Andrew Patrick, & Vincent Raj Kumar. (2012). Managing Workplace Diversity. SAGE Open Journals. Jeffrey C. Connor. (2000, September - October). It Wasn't About Race. Or Was It? Harvard Business Review. Maria del Carmen Triana, Mevan Jayasinghe, & Jenna R. Pieper. (2015). Perceived workplace racial discrimination and its correlates: A meta-analysis. Management Department Faculty Publications, 491-513. Reginald A. Byron. (2010). Discrimination, Complexity, and the Public/Private Sector Question. Work and Occupations, 435-475. Continue Reading...

Research Approaches in Maritime Security

frameworks that will assists in the analysis of the question at hand. The study will develop a literature review of the knowledge on the Maritime Security and the (ISPS) Code presence and functionalities. Further, the study will collect data using different methodologies, analyses the data, present the data, and made conclusions and recommendations for further study. Use of the data and information Maritime Security is one of the main organs that serve to protect the sovereignty of the port facilities, vessels, and everything that is concerned with the port activities in the world. Every piece of information that is… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Philanthropic Foundations

variables and outcomes in this respect. The secondary purpose of the study is to fill the gap in literature that looks at internal corporate factors and their affect on philanthropic activities. The aim of the study is to see how corporate governance can best be arranged so that philanthropic organizations succeed and social responsibility levels are maintained at a degree equal to corporate aims related to profit. The study uses upper echelons theory as a framework for approaching the subject. The method of gathering data employed in this study was a systematic review of a selected sample from the… Continue Reading...

Project Management Fundamentals

the new system throughout the geographically dispersed stores. Project management literature provides a number of techniques that can be used to overcome this challenge, such as the work breakdown structure (WBS) and the project schedule (Kerzner, 2009; Meredith and Mantel, 2011). A WBS would be important in ensuring the new system is installed without interrupting daily business activities. The tool enables the project manager to decompose the entire project into smaller, more manageable deliverables (Meredith and Mantel, 2011). This provides a basis for schedule development and resource allocation (Berkun, 2008). In this case, the project includes deliverables such as… Continue Reading...

Open Source Software

code modification, and distribution of the software's modified version. Review of literature OSS originates from the following 3 operating systems' creation -- Linux, UNIX, and GNU. Right from the start, OSS has been linked closely to academia. The origins of UNIX lie in the 60's joint venture between Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Bell Labs, for developing the novel "Multics" operating system. Drawing on that project, a few programmers came up with the flexible UNIX operating system (Gaff & Ploussios, 2012). Educational institutions could buy source codes of UNIX at an appreciably lower price compared to that demanded from… Continue Reading...

Ethical Responses to Nsw Case Scenarios

a member of the teaching team that disagrees with the decision made by the head of the school. Available literature on best practice suggests a level of agreement regarding the treatment of such a case. The Range of Possible Actions and the Teaching Practice Implications I would advise teacher B. to evolve a way of learning how to disagree with the school head and still maintain a healthy working relationship. Principals are impressed with teachers who are focused on their duties at school and those that are willing to carry an extra load just to make the school better.… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

D. Moulton, 2011). Challenges from Community The key community-level breastfeeding obstacles may be classified under two broad heads. literature extensively documents male displeasure with breastfeeding being done in public. Some research works clearly reveal males' greater likelihood to disapprove, as compared to females (Avery, A. B. & Magnus, J. H., 2011). One important discovery that emerged after a focus group study performed in three major American cities was that African as well as Caucasian males and females expressed disapproval of public breastfeeding, with some males even accepting the incongruities between breast exposures in public within cultural contexts as opposed to exposure during… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

law school students, and a study by Lapelle (2004) that used word tables for coding the results of literature reviews, interviews and responses to open-ended questions. Although there were no unusual circumstances were encountered during this phase of the study, it was noted that there were no survey instruments available with proven reliability and validity that were designed to measure intergenerational differences in social media usage making the use of the custom table highly appropriate for the purposes of this study. b. Instrumentation. The instrument used for data collection for this study is shown in Table 1 below together… Continue Reading...

Effect Of Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

impact on personnel job satisfaction and leadership approach will be studied, by reviewing scholarly literature on the subject.   Gender Impacts on Leadership Approach and Job Satisfaction A majority of research works have concluded that the male leadership style was more efficient than that followed by female leaders, and is accepted more readily as an efficient management norm (Jackson et al., 2014). The abovementioned popular view of effective leadership by males was explained using the argument that females in leadership roles were more supportive and less aggressive. They characteristically aid and encourage their subordinates, are flexible, and evade conflict… Continue Reading...

Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

is purported to be essential for the success of leadership in organizations and literature have initiated proposals concerning EI having a link with the transformational style of leadership. Moreover, high EI scores make work pleasant and efficient as it relates to various job-related outcomes that include performance, citizen behavior, leadership success, academic success and retention and quality problem-solving techniques (Lam & Higgins, 2013). For instance, the dimensions under scrutiny for transformational leadership are 'individualized consideration', 'inspiration,' and the ability to motivate others (Genderen, 2003, p. 233). Lam and Higgins see EI as important for groups, individuals and organizations because… Continue Reading...

Mark and Mathews Presentation Of Jesus’ Disciples

it is the only hallmark of a faithful disciple.[footnoteRef:7] [7: P. Achemeier, Introducing the New Testament: Its literature and Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. 2001), 146.] Mark is only trying to warn the believers that discipleship comes with a price, and that may be suffering sometimes. He is trying to alert them to prepare to be steadfast if an opportunity for death or suffering arises. This is in emulation of Christ as He suffered on the cross and died. Indeed, the ones who publicly seek to spread the gospel are likely to encounter suffering or… Continue Reading...

Csi Effect

discussion seeks to establish the effect of CSI on criminal justice system. The paper reviews previous literature on the subject. Background According to a survey that was recently conducted, most jurors today expect more forensic evidence in crime cases as a result of the TV program: Crime Scene Investigation. Indeed, many jurors also believe that CSI has made the conviction process all the more harder (Hughes & Magers, 2007). In the summary of the analysis of 318 magazine and newspaper articles focusing on the effects of CSI, up to 8.5% made reference to quotes associated with a judge. Justice… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Change Management

well as addressing any concerns that may stand in the way of implementation. Change management literature extensively demonstrates the importance of active involvement of employees in avoiding or minimising human resistance to change (Cummings & Worley, 2013; Hayes, 2014). References Cummings, T., & Worley, C. (2013). Organisation development and change. 10th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning. Flamholtz, E., & Randle, Y. (2011). Corporate culture: the ultimate strategic asset. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Simerson, B. (2011). Strategic planning: a practical guide to strategy formulation and execution. Santa Barbara:… Continue Reading...

Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

and inherent and the precise causes and potential results need to be explored. literature Review There are so many directions that one could go with the brief literature review that underpins this proposal. However, the author of those proposal will go in directions that are perhaps less traveled and well-known to people that are familiar with this subject. Indeed, one source reveals that evne with the higher propensity of fetuses to end up with birth defects when it comes to women that are older than 35, there are many women in that age group that actively avoid or at least… Continue Reading...

Karen Refugees Of America

This has led to some Karen people leaving the country and moving to the United States as Refugees. This literature review aims to understand the nature of the problem that resulted in migration of Karen people to other countries like the United States, what barriers they meet when they are relocated, and what is needed to bridge the gap. The literature review will examine three key areas that will also give a deeper understanding into the origins of the refugee status as well as what happens after they make the change to living in a place like the United States.… Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

these groups for abductions. There is need for cooperation among African nations if peace and tranquility is to be achieved. literature Review Findings African countries have made commendable efforts to combat terrorism. Efforts have been made at both local and national levels to eliminate the danger by way of trying to establish the origins of these problems. African Union members states have agreed to adopt conventions and similar instruments that provide a universal framework for getting rid of the problem. They strongly committed to the antiterrorism crusade in 1999 when they adopted the OAU convention on prevention and combating terrorism… Continue Reading...

Systematic Review

websites that were searched were: G-I-N;www.g-i-n.net, (www.guideline.gov), (www.nhmrc.gov.au/guidelines/index.htm), (www.nice.org.uk) and (SIGN;www.sign.ac.uk). The searches for literature were conducted by an experienced expert in information (LP) (Al-Ansary et al., 2013). To ensure dependability, there was training before the process of study selection began, by randomly sampling 25 citations. There were two reviewers who autonomously screened the results of the search for inclusion by means of a relevance method form that was pre-defined. The full-text paper was acquired for possibly significant CPGs and they were then independently screened by the two reviewers. Discord that occurred at any point was dealt with through… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics

working on her college applications, using company equipment for printing out and copying applications. Ethical Issues for Cindy Substantial evidence from literature suggests that people working long hours, or on regular unconventional shifts (for instance, evening and night shifts), are highly prone to sickness and injury. Additionally, researchers have revealed that fatigue-linked errors among workers with highly-demanding work schedules have potential serious and negative public safety consequences. Consequently, bearing the above concerns in mind, the U.S. is witnessing increased support for novel protective legislation, for instance, for restricting work hours in the nursing and overall healthcare field. Cindy may become susceptible… Continue Reading...

Fairy Stories

an obviously clear view of what it is in relation to the value of creative thinking and imagination. literature is created from the primary imagination which is also referred to as an echo from the primary imagination. This is also the force and living power behind all human perception. This is a repetition of the eternal act of creation as is encased in the creation by the infinite "I AM." The fairy story and triology are nothing but creation. It is the crafting of the secondary universe by imagination. Essentially, that aspect is the outstanding activity of the maker… Continue Reading...

Enhancing Ship and Port Security Globally

to the end as a way of making the research study a success. literature Review According to Mcnicholas (2008), the International Ship and Port Facility Code represent a comprehensive conglomerate of measures that work to enhance the security of the port facilities together with the ships. This code was developed as a response to the probable threats to the port facilities and ships after the occurrence of the 9/11 attacks in the United States of America. Therefore, the core and initial aim of this code are to offer immediate security detail to the port facilities together with the ships in… Continue Reading...

Argument Against Portuguese New World Involvement

Restall covers a lot of ground when it comes to classic literature. One of the approaches and treatments that is common in such literature is the concept of "great men." Of course, the topic is a bit silly and under-informed nowadays. This brief essay will cover why precisely this is the case and it will use Restall's work in Seven Myths as the main sources of analysis to make that case. While the use of "great men" in classic literature is to be expected and customary, an obvious modern case can and should be made against the general concept… Continue Reading...

Nursing Theory into Action

CASP tools: A method for teaching EBP." This work of literature is based on the notion that evidence-based practice is critical to the practice of nursing. It denotes exactly just what evidence-based practice involves, utilizing information gained from clinical trials and other forms of evidence as the means of effecting better nursing treatment. The most interesting facet of this article is the notion that evidence-based practice is best learned, or perhaps gleaned, via reading articles. Specifically, this approach is contrasted with that of simply taking a course in EBP. By incorporating the learning of evidence-based practice in reading scholarly… Continue Reading...

Diversity Management

The importance of workforce diversity is broadly appreciated in management and organizational behavior literature (Yang & Konrad, 2011). Nonetheless, reaping the benefits of diversity management may not be as straightforward as often thought. Employers must have the right organizational design in place if they are to effectively reap the benefits of workforce diversity. First, it is important to have a broader vision of inclusion. It is often assumed that diversity is just about increasing the number of women and minorities in the workforce. Nonetheless, diversity transcends common demographic attributes -- it also entails acknowledging differences… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

results of the study are beneficial to the prevailing literature on the realigning of the relationships between parents and children in three particular ways. To begin with, the results of the study indicate that alterations in parent-child communication occurs not only during the initial phase of adolescence, but also prevails throughout the middle to late phases of adolescence. Secondly, there was a disparity in timing of fluctuations in the behavior of parents and children. Third, from the results, there appears to be significant gender dissimilarities in parent -- child communication in the culminating phase of adolescence (Keijsers & Poulin,… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Understanding

with regard to one's societal status and ascertain how to improve it. • Include multicultural literature in school curricula to help kids discover the important contributions of different cultures to human civilization. Multicultural education aims at: • Familiarizing students with other nations and cultures. • Helping them understand and get used to the concept of diverse ways of living, views, languages, and cultures. • Developing positive feelings towards multicultural learning experiences to ensure all kids feel appreciated and included, as well as develop respect and amicability towards other cultural/ethnic groups. • Ensuring both parents and educators realize that they are… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Personality Traits

is inconducive to the sort of assertive personality traits that engender a positive effect. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION A review of literature apropos to the notion of entrepreneurship and personality traits associated with performance outcomes uncovers the reality that the most efficacious qualities are those associated with assertive behavior. These include risk-taking, innovativeness, aggression, and proactiveness. These characteristics are devoid of emotion. Those that do pertain to emotion show a positive effect for qualities that restrain it, control it, and demonstrate mastery over one's emotions. A surplus of excitement or happiness is contradictory to achieving performance outcomes. References Baron, R.A., Hmielski, K.,… Continue Reading...

Covidien Incontinence Briefs

common nursing home/rehabilitation center situation mentioned above. Background & Review of literature So as to inform and justify the reason for this research, the author of this proposal would be prudent to review and cover why precisely this research could be helpful. One reason why focusing on toileting-related undergarments is important is that the alternate solutions to dealing with this subject are simply not as effective and all-encompassing as what is otherwise possible and practical. Just as one example, the very idea that qualified nurses, LPN's and other nursing professionals can be provided in what is anywhere close to a… Continue Reading...

Theoretical Perspectives and Organizational Practices

and organizational outcomes. Even so, the study makes a valuable contribution to the literature on the relationship between diversity management and organizational outcomes. Overall, Soni's (2000) and Pitts' (2009) studies provide important implications for practice. In today's world, no organization, regardless of size or sector/industry of operation, can afford to ignore the topic of diversity. Organizations now exist in a more diverse environment in the wake of factors such as globalization and worldwide economic integration. They operate in diverse geographical regions and serve populations of diverse backgrounds, which provide an even greater impetus to take diversity more seriously. Additionally,… Continue Reading...

Fiber Composite Article Review

by buckling of flax plies. Section 3.6 discussed comparison to previous studies suggesting scattered results exist within the literature concerning composite reinforced mechanical properties. General findings as well as practical implications revealed that this study was the first to explore Glass/Epoxy/Flax mechanical properties for the use of orthopedic application like bone plating. Of the limitations discussed one noted the curvature of the plate playing a significant part in the stabilization of bone fragments within the fracture site. The authors used nothing but straight specimens that could have affected general stiffness including ultimate strength. For instance, curvature may minimize compressive… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

has a negative impact. Conclusion Mental budgeting seems to be extensively practiced in the Netherlands and numerous preceding findings in the literature regarding the determining factors of mental budgeting are reproduced. One of the inferences made is that higher education is linked with lower mental budgeting in comparison to intermediate and lowers education. This is largely because it stirs more analytical thinking. Secondly, having saved goals is linked with additional mental budgeting for the reason that objectives for saving bring about labels for mental accounts and therefore enabling mental budgeting. Third, on one hand, long-term time orientation positively influences mental budgeting… Continue Reading...

Prophet’s Night Journey Ascension in Islamic Literature

saw very big signs of his Lord." [Qur'an. 53: 1-18] Examination of the Prophet's Night Journey and Ascension in Islamic literature A majority of Islamic scholars are in agreement with the fact that the Mi'raj occurred spiritually as well as physically, as the Holy Qur'an clearly points this out in the aforementioned verse using the word 'abdihi' [which means His servant/bondman] which incorporates both soul and body. The Qur'an as well as the Prophetic Traditions (Ahadith) discuss the occasion of Mi'raj. Yet some scholars raise doubts regarding whether the Ascension of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a dream or a… Continue Reading...

Former Prophets

Yahweh's rule. The Former Prophets' established framing is achieved via a sound interpretative process, which typically rearranges literature in a canonical form, out of something that it earlier wasn't. 2. What does it mean that Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings are a single literary piece written from a single interpretive angle? It was a bold suggestion by Noth, challenging scholars who viewed Joshua, Samuel, Kings, and Judges as a compilation of numerous sources, that the comprehensive "historical" chronicle must be comprehended canonically as one single work of literature penned from one single interpretative perspective as a treatise on Jerusalem's… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Research Annotated Bibliography

reports. Grounded Theory Ramalho, R., Adams, P., Huggard, P., & Hoare, K. (2015, September). literature Review and Constructivist Grounded Theory Methodology. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 16(3). It is argued by the authors for the grounded theory to be true and accurate; there should not be a literature review as a predate collection step. The method discourages literature review before actual data collection and consequent analysis. literature review is seen as a constraint to the research rather than a guide. Of course, this is a little confusing for a researcher pursuing grounded theory methodology when they are expected… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

like these promote continual development of special education teachers so they can handle the difficulties associated with transitions. Research and literature provide the basis from which these changes can take place. Schools must make decisions based on best practices so training opportunities for special education teachers are not squandered. If public schools' successful technology integration, especially in special education, there may be a higher likelihood of improved inclusion between regular education and special education students. Teachers will also be able to instruct students with tools that provide custom-made curriculum. Technology is the best way to help teachers adopt new ways… Continue Reading...

Teaching and Learning

teach pre-schoolers English. iii. Husbands, C. & Pearce, J., 2012. What makes great pedagogy?. National College of School Leadership. literature, on the whole, does not focus much on the subject of what effective teaching entails; that is, how an effective educator must behave and act and how he/she must facilitate good learning. This article's author uses research literature for presenting sound arguments regarding highly effective instruction's characteristics, including using 'stories' as a tool to help learners with new fields of study. Sound proof exists of effective instruction resulting from seriously considering students' voice. The journal has been cited in (Grigg, 2016).… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Africa Study Design

analyzing the relationship between qualitative variables. Data could be collected both from conducting a literature review on the issue of Boko-Haram in Africa and by conducting interviews and surveys. Interviews could be used to gather qualitative data and surveys could be used to gather quantitative data. Correlation analysis could be conducted with the quantitative data and regression analysis could be conducted with the qualitative data. Information obtained via interviews will only for a better understanding of the personal experience that individuals have in the situation being studied, while surveys can help provide the researcher with statistical information that can… Continue Reading...

Role Of Deuteronomistic History in Enhancing Biblical Undertanding

Samuel. Nonetheless, using the older sources made no significant changes to the literature since most of the sources used have been uncovered through methods of criticisms by historians. In Kings, we see DH using three sources (1 Kings 11:41; 14:19, 29) and for Joshua, he adapted previous collections of the conquest stories (Joshua 2-11). Unifying techniques in the DH The unifying techniques DH employs are both structural and thematic means for this sprawling work. The use of chronology is an important unifying method used and for the first part, Deuteronomy to I Kings 8, DH counts a 480-year timeline… Continue Reading...

Recycling Research Proposal

constraints, with the research focusing only on the U.S. due these limitations. This proposal presents a literature review, looking at the relevant issues associated with the study, and then a methodology which may be used to assess the ethical and economic issues. 3. literature Review 3.1 Defining Recycling The concept of recycling may appear simple; waste products are recovered and then reused in some way, which may require processing (Gandy, 2014). The Environmental Protection Act defines, as well as reclamation and reuse as a "method, technique or process designed to remove any contaminant from waste so as to render such… Continue Reading...

Health Disparities

people. On the American scene, disparities-related discourse has chiefly concentrated on ethnic/racial disparities. American and global literature addresses disparities based on sexual identity, gender, social class, economic capacity, and disability (Dehlendorf, Bryant, Huddleston, Jacoby, & Fujimoto, 2011). A study of health disparities between less- and more- advantaged individuals necessitates their proper identification and classification into 'groups'. Socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity definitions give rise to measurement issues that should be taken into account by researchers on health gaps. Ethnicity/race related measurement strategies include self-identification, genetic markers and third-party assignment. Although the former is often regarded as the reference point… Continue Reading...

Jerry Maguire Analysis

Maguire and Judith Butler. Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American literature, Culture, and Theory, 62(4), 71-91 Goodykoontz, B. Jacobs, C PO. (2011). Film: From Watching the Seen, San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Gayles, J; Bird, S E. (2005), Jerry Maguire as 'Expeditionary Discourse' in Holloway, D; Beck, J, (2005), American Visual Cultures, New York, Bloomsbury. Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

and researchers know best when it comes to medical procedures and scientific literature. However, there is always room for error and it is not always wise to accept at face value what a doctor offers as a potential option for treatment or testing. The use of supporting evidence while beneficial in alleviating any potential worries, is not the full picture. However, claims are able to point the reader in the right direction of what information to explore. In the end, it takes more information and analysis to truly come to a conclusion. References Brezina, P., Brezina, D., & Kearns,… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Nigerian Writers in English

This paper won't forthrightly refute Kehinde's views; rather, it will look into the factors contributing to Nigerian literature's current state. The Journey So Far English literature by Nigerian writers has seen extraordinary headway over the last fifteen years, expressing the struggles faced by a nation that is transitioning from colonialism to independence to democracy. Following a long-drawn-out 1967-70 fratricidal internal conflict and the oil-boom-turned-oil-doom that led to political and social upsets, the country has still not recovered from, Nigerian writers would inevitably accept a challenge, in my opinion. They have developed the different forms of Nigerian literature into a… Continue Reading...

Working Women Breastfeeding

society's attitudes with regard to breastfeeding and its duration. literature on the topic reveals that breastfeeding promotion in society has an integral role to play in increasing breastfeeding rates; however, measures to support and protect breastfeeding need to be implemented simultaneously (National Breastfeeding Advisory Committee of New Zealand, 2009). Identified obstacles to the action plan may be classified into environmental and social factors, care quality and continuity. Numerous views and standards impact women's choice of breastfeeding technique, in the same way as numerous factors define breastfeeding duration. Earlier, breastfeeding was considered a private activity to be carried out in… Continue Reading...

Why Shelters Have More Female Volunteers

volunteer work than men are, is also substantiated by prior literature. Similarly, this hypothesis reflects the research by Stroup, Dodson, Elias & Gewirtzman (2015) showing that prior volunteer work that is rewarding motivates the volunteer to repeat their experience. Altruism begets more altruism, which is why animal shelters would then be advised to recruit children and young adults. Arguably, children instinctually enjoy the company of animals. Cultivating a child's innate sense of caring for pets through shelter work or at-home fostering of rescue animals may help volunteer-run animal welfare societies recruit part-time or full-time volunteers throughout their lifetime and… Continue Reading...

Struggle Between Gods and Demons

that is complex; far too complex to be resolved with simplistic endings to divine conflicts. The canon of Hindu literature testifies to the struggle between light and darkness in human nature. Works Cited Doniger, Wendy. Hindu Myths: A Sourcebook. New York: Penguin, 1975. Doniger, Wendy. The Origins of Evil in Hindu Mythology. Continue Reading...

Review Of Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

how emotional intelligence affects gender differences in the workplace. He writes that recent literature has overwhelmingly managed to create a "virtual industry" for the relationship that exists between the aspects of gender differences and emotional intelligence (Quader, 2011). The trend of rising research on the phenomenon of emotional intelligence and it's influence on the corporate performance is not only limited or restricted to just the U.S. The proof of that was in a recent study conducted by Van Genderen (2012) who compared the research done with the U.S. to that conducted within Russia. The results of his comparison were… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership: An Investigation and Review of Competing Claims in the literature. American International Journal of Social Science, Vol. 2 No. 8. Quader, M. S. (2011). Leadership style and emotional intelligence: A gender comparison. Annamalai International Journal of Business Studies & Research, 3 (1), 1 -- 23. Van Genderen, E. (2012). Relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership style: A comparative-gender study. Review of International Comparative Management 13(2) 73, 224-236. Continue Reading...

What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism

there are some issues that could detract from both internal and external validity. While literature does reveal gender differences in volunteering, there is a gap of literature in animal shelters in particular. There is also a gap in the literature regarding the role of men in volunteering, and what motivates men. If animal shelters need more volunteers, and they do, then animal shelters do need to know how to attract and retain more male volunteers. Using the standard methods of recruitment might recruit some men successfully but not retain them, or might continue to retain mainly women due to the… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried by Tim O’brien

pain for mankind. Shaping The Story O'Brien employs the tool of literature as a form of comfort and a way of getting accustomed to the horrible events he experienced as a soldier. His words imply that though he has made a success from writing and that his outpouring of memory via storytelling has helped him cope in society, he still strongly holds the opinion that certain experiences are simply unexplainable. What he believes is that every soldier enters this setting of fear, hazard, boredom and dread a mind-set that has been developed from 18 years of education in America about the… Continue Reading...

The Secret Lion by Alberto Alvaro Rios Review

been. The narrator goes on to throw in yet another similar statement, "Everything changed. Just like That..." This literature provides both suggestive and hidden title. The Secret Lion has a symbolic significance. Such drawing is based on the number of experiences that the narrators were subjected to even as they made effort to conceal such experiences from their parents. For example, the boys first visit arroyo. Arroyo was cherished by the boys because it gave them freedom to pursue their desired activities uninterrupted. The narrator recounts that Arroyo made them have a chance to do what they wanted without anyone… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

just like an acorn in an oak tree (Thomson, 1971). Don Marquis' "Why Abortion is Immoral" Recent literature in philosophy has not supported the view that abortion is largely immoral. Notably, philosophers aligned to secular higher learning institutions think that opponents of abortion are merely irrational and detached from the realities of the time. They think that such people are showing symptoms of religious dogma that is irrational. They may also be victims of misleading sloppy sided philosophical arguments. Serious writers on the topic are of the view that the issue of whether it is right or wrong to carry out… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

and the precise causes and potential results need to be explored. literature Review There are so many directions that one could go with the brief literature review that underpins this proposal. However, the author of this proposal will go in directions that are perhaps less traveled and well-known to people that are familiar with this subject. Indeed, one source reveals that even with the higher propensity of fetuses to end up with birth defects when it comes to women that are older than 35, there are many women in that age group that actively avoid or at least procrastinate when… Continue Reading...

Role Of Labour Market Imperfections in Generating Unemployment

European counterparts. This shows that labour market institutions and regulations may not be as detrimental as suggested by literature. If properly designed and implemented, labour market institutions and regulations may achieve positive outcomes as far as employment growth is concerned.      References Abbritti, M., Boitami, A. and Damiani, M. (2012): Labour market imperfections, “divine and     coincidence” and volatility of employment and inflation, Review of Economics and     Institutions, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-37.  Baker, D., Glyn, A., Howell, D. and Schmitt, J. (2004): Unemployment and labour market     institutions: the failure of the empirical case for… Continue Reading...

Synthesizing a Paper

.....confusion over what a literature review should look or sound like. In some cases, a literature review may read like a summary of the articles reviewed. This often results in a poor-quality literature review. A good literature review should be a synthesis of the articles reviewed, not a summary (Ingram et al., 2006). Indeed, whereas summarizing and synthesizing are both useful reading and research strategies, it is important to note that there is a significant difference between the two. Each has its own purpose, process,… Continue Reading...

Culture and Organization

source of wellbeing for individuals. This is particularly true if the environment encourages social interactions. Indeed, literature has demonstrated that social interactions in an organisation are crucial for generating positive emotions, which may in turn contribute to desirable employee outcomes such as lower cases of interpersonal conflict, reduced absenteeism, increased loyalty, and higher productivity (Biggio & Cortese, 2013). The connection between positive employee outcomes and positive organisational outcomes cannot be understated. Humans are naturally social beings, and their contact with others is as important as food and other basic needs. Since majority of adults spend a substantial portion of… Continue Reading...

Marketing

so the well-being of the salesperson remains unaffected or improves (Kemp et al., 2012). literature Review Emotion regulation involves the process through which a person makes an effort to influence the kind of emotions they have, when they get to have these emotions and the way they experience and express them. Someone may regulate their emotions to simplify, intensify or dampen an existing emotion (Gross et al., 2006). Emotion regulation is not the same as coping as the focus of coping is reducing the bad effects of an event. Emotion regulation primarily focuses on the management of a person's subjective… Continue Reading...

Chinese Cultural Revolution

with the purpose of educating the public and offering them revolutionary principles and ideals. The art and literature that was delineated by these authors played a significant role in the sociopolitical realm and the demise of the Cultural Revolution (Barnstone 21). This paper will discuss the comparisons and contrasts of three poems written by these three remarkable poets, in relation to the Cultural Revolution. Bei Dao's "Resume" Bei Dao is a celebrated and distinguished story writer whose writing is cultivated by mixed emotions of apprehensive expectation and subdued fury. Bei Dao served as a Red Guard at the start… Continue Reading...

Business Leadership and Organizational Change

is a particularly vital success factor as far as change management is concerned. Change management literature extensively reiterates the influential role of the management or leadership in the change process (Kotter & Schlesinger, 2008; Hayes, 2014). Indeed, change management starts at the top. The CEO or the most authoritative figure in the organisation should provide the necessary support, guidance, and motivation if the change initiative is to be successful. Whenever there is a change, everyone in the organisation looks up the top management, meaning that the extent to which the management is committed to the change can significantly influence… Continue Reading...

Poems and Chinese Literature

Chinese Cultural Revolution in literature There are a number of stark images found in the works of literature reviewed by Dao, Cheng, and Hua in this assignment. Specifically, this paper details the imagery evinced in Bei Dao's "Resume," Gu Cheng's "Curriculum Vitae," and Yu Hua's "On the Road at Eighteen." That imagery and those works in general are thinly veiled allusions to the Chinese Cultural Revolution, which took places in the early to midway part of the 20th century. It largely appears as though the… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

as well as public policy. The paper is further developed through the aid of additional literature relevant to this topic. 2. Diversity is a tool for productivity and competitive advantage By means of individuals' collective and concentrated endeavors, material and financial resources are utilized to accomplish corporate objectives. However, there is a need to hone such efforts, capabilities and attitudes every now and again so as to optimize HR efficacy and help them tackle bigger challenges. No company can progress an inch without a workforce. Hence, HR management, which deals with handling companies' human component such that corporate aims… Continue Reading...

Story Of Anyi Wang and Granny

published in a larger collection of the Columbia Anthology of Chinese literature. The second edition of that book was published in 2007 and includes the story referenced in this report. As one might expect, so much of what goes into Wang's work "Granny" and other works has its genesis in Wang's own perspective and life experiences. It obviously should not be assumed to be an autobiography but Wang is surely not speaking about the things and themes that she does without any personal or second-hand knowledge of what goes into all of these events and stories. Even if Wang… Continue Reading...

Marx, Weber, Bourdieu, and Gramsci

locates cultural power in education -- the arts, philosophy, literature, specifically: the arts have the power to inform and to segregate at an intellectual level; thus, the arts are where cultural power resides. Bourdieu states that the struggle for power "which opposes the intellectuals of the restricted field to the 'bourgeois'...[and] between the consecrated avant-garde and the new avant-garde' (Bourdieu "Principles for a Sociology of Cultural Works" 187). In other words, those who advance a particular artistic front are the ones who gain cultural power, since those who view works of art "unconsciously obey the rules which govern a… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language, and other demographics (Cleveland,… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

and ethnic populations in a given society. This scenario gives rise to numerous things including arts, literature, songs, and movies linked to this 'foreigner' feeling. But this hostility, dejection and dearth of opportunities lead to criminal tendencies. In case of the emergence of such a situation within any population, its self-identification transforms with its unique circumstances, leading to a distinct culture and language that is self-evident within many group-connected cultural artefacts. If criminal tendencies infiltrate the group, such culture and linguistic development leads to a mob language's creation, which works to organized crime groups' advantage. From this, it may… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

as Freudian sleep and dream symbolism, defense mechanism, unconsciousness, and many more. These notions have greatly contributed to films, literature, and theories such as feminism, psychology, philosophy and criticism. Freud is also known for theories such as unconscious mind, specifically those revolving around repression mechanism. He redefined sexual desire as mobile and believed that it is directed towards a wide variety of objects. His therapeutic techniques improved the understanding of transference in therapeutic relationship. The technique presumed that human beings are able to gain insight into the unconscious desires through dreams. Freud's psychoanalysis had an objective of bringing the… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

need for transporting soldiers, rations and equipment to battlegrounds. Military literature beginning from the 19th-century U.S. Civil War depicts the word "logistics" being used specifically (Rutner et al., 2012). After World War II (WWII), scholars started separating logistics into military and commercial logistics in their works, and the phrase "business logistics" surfaced. Hence, although logistics has its roots in the military profession, it clearly moved over to the commercial arena. Thus, upon comparing commercial and military supply chains, one will expect that the latter enjoys appreciable advantage on account of its far earlier researching and implementation of logistical practices,… Continue Reading...

A Qualitative Study Of Technology

therefore to ensure that the research is valid and reliable so that it can add to current literature, and be used in a considerate manner. To accomplish the goal of the researcher as stated above, research questions will be compiled and answered. To ensure that the questions address the issue as stated above, the questions will be submitted to a number of educators with the goal in mind to determine whether the questions provide data that specifically answers the questions. This will ensure the validity of the questions. Ensuring reliability takes place when the questions can be asked in… Continue Reading...

Literary Works Referring to the Mental Illness

book titled "The Yellow Wallpaper." "The Norton Introduction to literature" (Gilman 1). Gilman was known for her contribution to her feminist intellectualism and crusade journalism who pioneered the women rights. Typically, Gilman was concerned about the social injustice, political inequality of women, and the marriage institution during the era. Gilman argued that relegating women to a domestic status were an intention to rob them of their power of intelligence and creativity. "The Yellow Wallpaper" (Gilman 1) is drawn heavily on the episode of Gilman personal life. In 1886, Gilman's first marriage was stricken with a severe case of depression… Continue Reading...

Medical Marijuana Growing in Butte County

why dispensaries have been allowed and/or disallowed compared to other parts of the state. literature Review In California, medical marijuana is defined under the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, in which with the recommendation of a physician, a patient can legally obtain and use marijuana for relief of symptoms associated with any number of illnesses or diseases that cause pain or suffering.4  Yet, marijuana usage was still criminalized for persons not using the drug medicinally.  As Andrew Boyd notes in his evaluation of medical marijuana laws in Butte County, Diane Monson had her home raided by Butte County sheriff’s deputies… Continue Reading...

Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Anxiety

treatment-resistant depression in adults, and the article by Markowitz, Lipsitz and Milrod (2014) that examines the relevant literature available on the impact of IPT on anxiety disorders. Both articles provide assessments of the theory of IPT, which is that IPT provides a short-term treatment for individuals in need of psychological treatment. Its aim is to assist the individual in regaining functioning day-to-day abilities. The application typically takes between twelve and sixteen weeks and the theory upon which it is based is the idea that how the individual relates to others has a significant impact on his mental health. Thus,… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

overlooked (Chong & Phillips, 2016). Hence, this research work aims at bridging the gap in literature, with regard to effects of management ESG elements combined, on corporate performance, to some extent (Schadewitz and Niskala, 2010). This will be attempted through an inclusion of the synergistic influence of ESG's three facets in the above relationship. For examining ESG synergistic impacts, this research suggests an "inter-dimensional consistency" among ESG aspects, examining the way such consistency potentially impacts the economic performance-ESG linkage. 1.3. Study significance The research adds various elements to corporate practices and related literature. First and foremost, it furthers emergent… Continue Reading...

Behn’s Oroonoko and Its Character Symbolization

somewhat broadly, is one text that demonstrates the way European literature on the subjects of slavery, colonization and race evolved in the course of the 17th and 18th centuries. Questioning Slavery Oroonoko's inspirational speech to fellow slaves clearly makes Behn's work the very first English-language fictional work speaking against slavery. The lead character of the tale addresses his fellow slaves thus: "And why, my dear friends and fellow-sufferers, should we be slaves to an unknown people? No, but we are bought and sold like apes or monkeys, to be the sport of women, fools and cowards: and the support… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

crime are also more likely than non-victims to be offenders: a pattern that has been noted throughout the literature (Entorf, 2013). Correctional officers lack the training and background in psychology to provide the daily support system for the inmates, which is why psychologists are the most frequently employed mental health professional in the correctional setting (Magaletta, et al., 2016). Yet because of the gaps in providing quality mental health care in prisons, the needs of the diverse inmate population are not being met. Not meeting the needs of this cohort may stymie attempts to lower rates of recidivism and… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

and music for Vietnamese court, and that style of ritual and music persists today The Temple of literature was established, under guidance of Than Phu Tien, to create a continuity of thought in the Confucian tradition Many of the rituals continued until 20th century, highlighting the centrality of ritual to the political, social, and also cosmic order. Ritual was believed to be something that helped to distinguish human from animal. Confucian guidelines for social comportment and conduct remained formally used. In the 18th century, Trinh rulers and Minh Mang wrote the "Ten Moral Precepts" related to marriage customs and gender… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

motor development, learning, and behavior of an infant (71). Based on existing literature, prenatal development issues, particularly stress and anxiety, affect the long- and short-term physical, cognitive or psychosocial development of an infant. The findings in these studies support the long-held belief across the globe that a woman's psychological well-being has considerable impacts on an infant. Week 3 - Discussion 1 Technology has positive and negative impacts on human development across different age groups including children and adolescents. For children, the positive impacts of technology include improved social development through better collaboration and interactions with their peers, development of… Continue Reading...

Style Of Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

be more vital than intelligence quotients in ensuring efficient leadership. Moreover, apparent overlaps in literature have given rise to the hypotheses that EI might be related to a transformational leadership approach (for instance, the 'individualized consideration' element, 'inspiration', motivational skills, etc. which prove vital to a transformational leadership approach) (Van, 2012). Leaders' emotion -monitoring and -management capacity is linked closely to transformational leaders' individualized consideration element. Individual consideration is used to describe individuals who take careful notice of employees' development requirements and accomplishments. Current outcomes indicate that a fundamental competency might be the capacity of monitoring personal as well… Continue Reading...

Language Barriers Among the Karen People

student population and improve existing services in GAP that consider limited resources. literature Review The Guadalupe Alternative Program has changed in the last decade. Prior to the recent changes, it has met the needs of a majority Latino student population of Minneapolis, St. Paul. While GAP has achieved success in the past helping the student population, the influx of Karen refugees in the agency has led to some ineffective practices and hurdles for both GAP staff and GAP students. This literature review is meant to show the barriers faced by Karen refugees as well as what services can be improved… Continue Reading...

Emotional Exhaustion Among Salespeople

occupational and organizational literatures, ironically it is rarely explored in marketing literature. The authors note that professional selling is not only highly stressful, but leads to emotional burnout from savvy competitors and pressure to increase sales and revenue for their respective company. Therefore, the authors aimed to examine moderating effects of emotion-focused and problem-focused coping and see how it affects a salespersons' emotional exhaustion. The background literature section begins with stress and burnout describing it as an affective response to a person's chronic stress levels. Extensive interpersonal contact may be responsible for burnout syndrome and the authors state the… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

(Powers, 2016, p. 239). This paper reviews the relevant peer-reviewed literature as well as nongovernmental organizational resources to evaluate the adequacy of the public infrastructure developed in response to this global problem and a discussion concerning the most important needs in shaping and sustaining the infrastructure for dealing with this public health problem. Finally, a series of recommended changes are followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the HIV / AIDS global epidemic in the conclusion. Adequacy of workforce, communications and tracking systems, research and evaluation capabilities, planning, and laboratory facilities The adequacy of the… Continue Reading...

Biblical Prophetic Literature and Hosea

exile.[footnoteRef:4] [3: Ibid.] [4: Stuart, 162] Literary Context As a work of prophetic literature, Hosea has a strong apocalyptic tone, forecasting the doom of Israel and a harsh judgement because of its idolatry. Hosea does not offer a suggestion to the Israelites on how to avoid their fate, however, rather he simply tells them what will happen. "A graphic description of the helplessness of the king completes the verse...Hosea's announcement of divine retribution ends with a description of the devastation of Israel's many shrines and altars."[footnoteRef:5] Like other prophets, Hosea does not necessarily expect to be respected in his time but… Continue Reading...

Text Sets for a Multicultural Topic

and their link to the achievement of the overall objective of this class. Actually, the issue of children's literature has developed to become a major issue for reading instruction because of its centrality as essential learning material (Martinez & Mcgee, 2000). During the selection of this culturally rich literature for this classroom, several factors were considered including authenticity of the text in showing diverse cultures and accuracy of messages based on the students' lives and cultural consciousness (Livingston & Kurkjian, 2005). The main read aloud book for this topic is Wonder by R.J. Palacio that highlights the social experiences… Continue Reading...

Educational Plan for Improving Behavioural Health Amongst Older Adults

health promotion and primary prevention among older adults: a systematic literature review. BMC Health Services Research, 16(5), 290. Kwon, Y., Norby, F., Jensen, P., et al. (2016). Association of smoking, alcohol, and obesity with cardiovascular death and ischemic stroke in atrial fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study and Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS). PLoSONE, 11(1), e0147065. Lange, J. (2012). The nurse's role in promoting optimal health of older adults: thriving in the wisdom years. U.S.: F.A. Davis Company. Molmen, D., Wynne, J., Arnold, T., et al. (2013). Second Biennial Report: Health Issues for the State of North Dakota.… Continue Reading...

Use Of Smartphones and Sleep Time

from a few key studies examining the effects of screen time on sleep. One study performed a literature review on 67 studies, discovering their outcomes. "We reviewed 67 studies published from 1999 to early 2014. We found that screen time is adversely associated with sleep outcomes (primarily shortened duration and delayed timing) in 90% of studies" (Hale & Guan, 2015, p. 50). The results suggest increased screen time has a negative effect on sleep time, by decreasing length of sleep and time in deep sleep. The study also provided a possible secondary negative effect from increased screen time, well-being.… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

There are the toddler years, the prepubescent years and the adolescent/teenage years. The brief literature review that follows in this report shall focus on the last of those. To be complete with this analysis, adolescence is not the end of human development given that many suggest that development extends into the 20's and 30's. Even so, the adolescent years of development are hailed by many as being the most pivotal, at least in some regards. While many would debate the above, it is clear that the adolescent years are among the most important. Analysis Regardless of the development or… Continue Reading...

Article Analysis on Ergonomics

the theory used, the concepts utilized, the argument made, the method employed, the evidence obtained, the values identified, the literature reviewed, and the contribution to ergonomic knowledge that the study makes. The article sets out to achieve the following objectives: first, the article attempts to "describe a theoretical model of motivation in human technology interaction," and, second, it puts forward the design principles to guide the theory; the third and final objective of the article is to explain the sequence of steps that should be used for evaluating the motivational factors used in the interaction between humans and technology… Continue Reading...

Frederick Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Of Motivation

Organisational behaviour and management literature provides several theories that can be used to enhance employee motivation. One such theory is the two-factor theory developed by Frederick Herzberg. This paper describes the theory and its application in the improvement of worker safety, health, and/or wellbeing. Also known as the hygiene theory, Herzberg's model asserts that at the workplace, there are factors that lead to job satisfaction and others that cause dissatisfaction (Miner, 2005). This assertion is based on the premise that job dissatisfaction is not the opposite… Continue Reading...

Leadership Styles in My Community

(2016). Leadership: Theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications. Parris, D., Peachey, J. (2013). A Systematic literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts. Journal of Business Ethics, 113(3), 377-393. Spence, H., Wong, C., Grau, A. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Empowerment and Burnout: A Comparison in New Graduates and Experienced Nurses. Nursing Management, 21(3), 541-552. Wong, C., Laschinger, H. (2013). Authentic Leadership, Performance, and Job Satisfaction: the Mediating Role of Empowerment. JAN, 69(4), 947-959. Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

a better reason for the government to let people keep these weapons. literature Review i. Legally acquired weapons used in violent crime in records of past events During the 1980s and early 1990s, legal weapons used by criminals increased. Semi-automatic arms and AWs equipped with LCMs were connected with a number of strongly publicized murder incidents that raised concern for the public to access powerfully, high powered military weaponry and other rifles whose ability can discharge bullets at high numbers in a short time. There was high profile situations in which criminals with semiautomatic handguns with LCM, wounded and killed… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

on future American spirituality and religiosity (Drescher). Moreover, a wealth of new literature, socialist principles and considerable public interest has emerged on the subjects of body, spirit, mind, and personal growth. Substance dependence and bereavement counselors, psychotherapists, nurses, and educators alike are introducing 'spirituality' modes into their respective fields. Use of spirituality figuratively in corporate culture has been practiced by management consultants and companies for promoting efficiency, expanding markets and remaining competitive in today's swiftly-progressing information economy. To many individuals, the transformation of prior social identities and commitments by modernism has led to spirituality replacing religion. But in today's context… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

as. This paper supports this assumption and will provide evidence of gendered entrepreneurship as well as literature that goes against such notion, demonstrating the potential for the gender gap to narrow in the future. To first understand the potential of gendered entrepreneurship, one must first define it. Gendered entrepreneurship is a hypothesis considering entrepreneurship to have gendered patterns. The UK was the first to provide gender-specific statistics that demonstrated both gender orders and gender systems exist in all spheres, including the third sector (Lundstrom, 2013, p. 287). While the information provided may not dictate how people within the business… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

education, cars, houses, and the manner in which they pay bills and how they use credit cards (Abdirizak, 2016). literature Review Thaler (1999) describes mental accounting as the set of perceptive operations utilized by individuals and households to organize, assess and keep up with financial activities. The author makes the assumption that individuals have the perception of results in terms of value function, where the incremental change from the orientation point determines ensuing selections. By large, Thaler (1999) asserts that the role played by the value function in mental accounting is to delineate the manner in which events are observed… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Managerial Skills

To this end, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning effective management practices in general and how these practices can be leveraged to contribute to the creation of a high-performance organization. In addition, a self-assessed personal assessment of management skills questionnaire developed by Whetton and Cameron (2010) is used to translate the insights these results in order provide to determine what steps are needed to optimize management skills in the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning effective managerial skills and the need for ongoing personal assessment of management skills are provided… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

Discrimination-related stress had a strong bearing on identity conflict, however: a key finding that is repeated throughout the literature and remains especially important for Muslim women because of their high visibility. Assimilation can be interrupted via the experience of direct and indirect forms of discrimination, or enhanced by family attitudes or religiosity. Muslim identity construction in the United States is not necessarily a conflicted process, though. Sirin, et al. (2008) found that "young people found a way of allowing their Muslim and American identities to co-exist, and only a small minority of the participants seemed to experience identity conflict,"… Continue Reading...

Nigeria Boko Haram and African Terrorism

into a full understanding of Boko Haram. Part B: Synthesis and Review of literature Since its independence in 1960, Nigeria has contended with social, economic, and political turmoil. This troubled and tumultuous environment has enabled the emergence of radical Islam in Nigeria, starting in the 1980s with the Maitatsine Uprisings and continuing from there until the full-fledged emergence of Boko Haram in northern Nigeria. Viewed against this socio-historical backdrop, the emergence of Boko Haram in the 1990s should not seem overly surprising. It is also critical to situate Boko Haram in a global context, as the group also emerged concurrently… Continue Reading...

Violence, Sex and Other Things

least the desensitization to violence. The American Psychological Association summarizes the body of literature and claims that at the very least, extensive exposure to violent imagery can desensitize a child to violence ("Television and Video Violence," n.d.). Other research may reveal a more causal relationship between exposure to violence in the media and violent behavior. For example, a meta-analysis of 15 different studies has shown "evidence strongly suggests that exposure to violent video games is a causal risk factor for increased aggressive behavior, aggressive cognition, and aggressive affect and for decreased empathy and prosocial behavior," (Kaplan, 2012). This does… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

selected his setting arbitrarily. The Woodlanders has often been read within the context of Darwinian influences in society and literature. However, literary critics tend to emphasize the fusion between Romantic and Darwinian depictions of nature in The Woodlanders to show how Hardy drew from Darwin to develop his characters and themes. Irvine, for example, claims Hardy was an "evolutionary pessimist," and this is certainly apparent in The Woodlanders, which provides an overtly pessimistic view of human nature but especially of patriarchy (625). In fact, Hardy's The Woodlanders shows that while Darwinian principles of evolution sometimes favor members of the… Continue Reading...

Prevention Of Deep Vein Thrombosis (dvt) After Hip and Knee Surgery

DVT was a relatively difficult process. It seems that there is seemingly limited literature on evidence-based practice of prevention of this condition. The policies, protocols or procedures are similar with the evidence found in this study since they support the use of mechanical methods in preventing or treating the condition. The RN's performance was in line with the located evidence since it entailed prophylaxis, screening, and treatment. References Bonner, L. (2004, July 20). The Prevention and Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Nursing Times, 100(29), 38. Retrieved from https://www.nursingtimes.net/clinical-archive/haematology/the-prevention-and-treatment-of-deep-vein-thrombosis/204197.article CLOTS. (2013, August 10). Effectiveness of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression in Reduction… Continue Reading...

Method to Motivate Multigeneration Workforce

generational cohort has different characteristics unique to other generation, there is still a shortage of academic literature providing the strategy to motivate each generational cohort. Research Question What strategies do managers use to motivate each generational cohort? Bursch, & Kelly, (2014) advise business leaders to focus on the common ground and similarities of a different generation. The authors argue that Baby Boomers are loyal, achievement oriented, and diligent. On the other hand, Generation X are distrustful of authority, individualistic, and lacking loyalty. However, Millennials value leisure than work, and want meaningful work. Some of the differences of this generation… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

ethical issue; there are proven consequences of child abuse that have been substantiated by empirical evidence in the scientific literature. Only a few of the harmful effects of child abuse include abnormal brain development, impaired cognitive skills development, learning disabilities, poor social or emotional skills adaptation, reduced language development, anxiety and mood disorders, and substance abuse (CDC, 2016). Exposure to pornography leads to a different subset of effects, many of which relate to the social development of the child. Research has shown, for example, that exposure to pornographic material can lead to rigid gender stereotyping, and even the condoning… Continue Reading...

Democracy or Not for Economic Development

power, there is always the risk of conflict, and in South Sudan that has been the situation. Government Structure The literature on government structure and economic development is interesting, because it does not really apply to an active conflict zone. Economic development simply does not take place during active conflict. Foreign firms are unwilling to invest, even when there are oil reserves to be exploited, because they cannot guarantee the security of their operations, nor the supply chain to sustain such operations. While South Sudan is fertile and can be a solid agricultural economy, economic development sufficient to life a landlocked… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

A Proposal for Research   Introduction Background/Review of literature Cognitive effort, defined as the “engaged proportion of limited-capacity central processing,” has been found to impact memory recall but only in specific settings (Tyler, Hertel, McCallum & Ellis, 1979, p. 607). In four separate experiments, Tyler, Hertel, McCallum & Ellis (1979) tested the impact of cognitive effort on recall and found that high effort was indeed linked to better recall than low effort, but not for all types of memory (short term versus long term). Moreover, there are a range of extraneous variables that might… Continue Reading...

Research Methods

the outcomes of stakeholder interviews. Another method of data collection is through literature, which was used in the extensive and in-depth appraisal process. The emphasis was on German literature so as to undertake the queries as efficacious as possible. Lastly, there is the reduction of indication by making application of the criteria of comprehensiveness, prospect to ascertain targets and accessibility of data (Rosch et al., 2017). The method of analysis in this study takes into account linking the sustainability rules with the sustainability indicator. Lastly, this is a qualitative study. This is largely because the study is fundamentally fact-finding… Continue Reading...

How to Grow the Economy

otherwise improve the economic fortunes of the people. Conclusion What is clear from the scholarly literature is that the government cannot sustain and grow the economy on their own. At the same time, they set the rules of the game and the playing field and they are making a mistake if they try to go against the norms and best practices of expansionary economic policy. Unless or until the spenders and businesses of an economy feel at ease spending their money, the economy will sputter along, employment will be inhibited and the gross domestic product of the economy will not grow… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

Century English Gothic Fiction The rise of Gothic fiction in English literature coincided with the advent of the Romantic Era at the end of the 18th century and beginning of the 19th century. Gothic masterpieces such as Shelley's Frankenstein, Lewis's The Monk, and Stoker's Dracula would capture the imagination by fueling it with the flames of horror, suspense, other-worldliness and mystery. These elements are significant because the Age of Enlightenment had been characterized by a cold, objective, analytical focus on nature and humankind. It had been based on the concept that reason was sufficient to explain all events in the… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

some cases, empirical research evidence is used to confirm anecdotal data as shown in existing scientific literature (Ellis, Hartley & Walsh, 2010). In contrast, anecdotal research data is sometimes used as the basis for empirical research since it's suitable for some tasks. Therefore, the place of anecdotal data in formal research in this field is to provide a basis for conducting empirical research. However, criminal justice data may be evaluated and interpreted on the basis of empirical evidence, which is a reflection of high level of statistical analysis carried out by criminal justice researchers. There is need to consider… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

A review of the literature unequivocally reveals false confessions are oftentimes deliberately sought after by overzealous criminal justice interrogators who are much more preoccupied with ascertaining a confession -- and an ensuing conviction -- than they are with ascertaining the truth about a particular crime. Organization This paper is organized by explaining the concept that false conceptions are deliberately extracted by far too many interrogators for the purposes of a conviction -- regardless if doing so is truthful or not. The author of this document explores this tenet from a variety of differing viewpoints… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

was originally written in French. Therefore, it takes into account a tradition of French literature, yet delineates Muslim culture. This takes into account the fact that Vathek includes djinns. The story simply appropriates the manner in which the Arabian culture perceived djinns and Beckford is not fully familiar with this element. In addition, there is the sacrifice of virgins and portraying women as being evil. These are myths that the English culture does not identify with, and simply tries to use it to suit the story tale (Sagalia 78). 2. Cultural appropriation is apparent in Vathek. Members of a… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

notes that it might give him offense that certain individuals prefer certain types of literature and music over others but the fact that some people do not is not an actual harm to himself. [3: Ibid.] The harm principle does not only refer to actions which take place after the fact. "In many cases all we could reasonably know is that a given action risks harm."[footnoteRef:4] Thus, an individual driving while intoxicated would still be violating the harm principle even if he or she did not injure another individual because this is still known, risky behavior towards other drivers.… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

studies a fitness culture in which sports, activity and fitness culture figured predominantly (Fu, Hao, 20002). Thus, the relevant literature shows that by the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century, Hong Kong was making a conscientious effort to address health and fitness levels in its society -- and thus situating itself to be embracive of the fitness industry. To some extent, the fitness industry has responded (HKTDC, 2015) -- but at the same time firms like J.V. Fitness, owner of California Fitness, mYoga and LEAP (all of which suspended operations in 2016), have failed to… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

is vital to tackle these questions and incorporate their answers into the growing pool of literature on the subject of self-legitimacy (Wolfe & Nix, 2015). 3. Explain how an organization can create an expectation for moral conduct. Firstly, individuals expect their employers to accord them their due respect and dignity. They desire and like compassionate and kind superiors. Secondly, superiors are expected to display objectivity and fairness in their decision-making, which ought to be grounded in corroborated facts and not in personal prejudiced notions and views. This includes allowing subordinates a say in decision-making. Subordinates expect to be allowed… Continue Reading...

Work Life Balance and Positive Outcomes for Organizations and Employees

Perceived Organizational Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 43 (6), 1107-1117. Singh, S. (2013). work-life balance: A literature review. Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective, 2(3), 84-91. Ueda, Y. (2012). The relationship between work-life balance programs and employee satisfaction: Gender differences in the moderating effect of annual income. Journal of Business Administration Research, 1(1), 65. Yamamoto, I., & Matsuura, T. (2014). Effect of Work -- Life Balance Practices on Firm Productivity: Evidence from Japanese Firm-Level Panel Data. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 14(4), 1677-1708. Comment by babyliza: Yamamoto 2000 and 2012 not referenced. Continue Reading...

Nursing Challenge

debate given the connection between excessive workload and nurse outcomes. literature extensively demonstrates that excessive workload as a result of insufficient staffing is a significant predictor of stress, burnout, and job dissatisfaction amongst nurses (Buchan & Aiken, 2008; Carayon & Gurses, 2008; AACN, 2014). There have even been instances of nurses leaving the profession in search of more fulfilling jobs. The negative effects of inadequate nurse staffing affect not only nurses, but also patients. It may increase instances of medical errors and hospital-acquired infections, as well as worsen nurse-patient and interpersonal relationships, eventually increasing patient dissatisfaction (Carayon & Gurses,… Continue Reading...

Identifying Opportunities to Improve Revenues and Ridership Levels at Wmata

its commitment to safety, thereby increasing ridership and profitability. Preliminary literature Review: The recent introduction of alternative transportation ride-sharing choices such as Uber, RelayRides and Lyft combined with growing ridership dissatisfaction of public transit systems has created a challenging situation for WMATA (Browning, 2014). What is known at present for certain is that ridership levels have experienced a sustained decline in the wake of the recent unprecedented, high-profile system-wide shutdown of the WMATA over safety concerns and that restoring ridership confidence is therefore essential. In fact, today's situation is in sharp contrast to just a decade or so ago when… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Gender Related Bullying and Harassment

about these issues, this paper provides a review of the literature to develop a discussion concerning the issues of bullying and conflict in relation to learning about gender and other forms of equity and the implications these have for students and teachers. Finally, following this discussion, a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion In a school context, bullying is defined by Isernhagen and Harris (2009) as being any type of instance in which "a student is exposed repeatedly to negative actions by one or more other students"… Continue Reading...

Niger Delta Militants

literature Review The study by Tobor (2016) examines the extent to which Niger Delta militants should be classified as terrorists or as a force seeking control of resources. Tobor (2016) identifies the problem related to this study as being one in which governmental policies designed to address the situation in the Niger Delta depend upon a proper and adequate understanding of the stakeholders. The study attempts to clarify the issue by identifying how Niger Delta militants can best be described --… Continue Reading...

Role Of Inclusive Leadership in Strengthening Organizational Culture

of a global marketplace has given rise to needs for multinational companies. literature on global business, HR development and management, social problems, etc. has, of late, greatly focused on the key subject of global leadership efficacy (Caligiuri & Tarique, 2012). Leadership represents a central element of every firm. However, leadership ability and function is increasing in complexity with enhanced engagement in technological development and globalization (Ulrich & Smallwood, 2012). People hailing from diverse cultures may have different ideas regarding, and expectations from, corporate leaders. Hence, this paper aims at determining an inclusive leadership approach's contribution to reinforcing corporate culture… Continue Reading...

Main Themes in the Film Yentl

set out independently couldn't devote the same amount of energy and time to studying Jewish religious literature as their ancestors. Rather, their lives were marked by experimentalism and individualism, which the Jewish migrants and their offspring so amazingly and passionately honored, revised and strengthened (Whitefield, 1999). Therefore, the points of difference between Singer's play and its American movie interpretation by Streisand signify a possible philosophical move from Eastern-European Jews' self-understanding and that of Jewish-Americans. It indicates America's potential to modify extant Jewish values. Nursing Implications How will your added insights influenced your care in clinical practice? Give specific examples?… Continue Reading...

Experimental Designs

explains whether the intervention administered had an impact on the subjects. Then, with reference to previous literature and the identified theoretical framework, the researcher highlights the significance or insignificance of the findings. Finally, the researcher addresses the limitations of the findings and their implications for practice and/or research (Martin & Bridgmon, 2012). For instance, the researcher may explain whether the findings may have been influenced by internal validity and the extent to which they may be generalized to groups, situations, and settings. Overall, the experimental design presents arguably the most rigorous research design as it explains both association and… Continue Reading...

Using Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

acquire in order to address multigenerational issues within teams and promote a positive, efficient, and high-performance environment in the workplace. literature Review There is substantial and plentiful literature relevant to the issue of multigenerational work environments and the management initiatives that can be used address them. Much of the research indicates that generational gaps are real and manifested in the workplace due to the behaviors, attitudes, work ethics and beliefs of the generational groups (Zopiatis, Krambia-Kapardis & Varnavas, 2012; Schullery, 2013; Krahn & Galambos, 2014; Smith & Nichols, 2015; Moore, Everly & Bauer, 2016; Rosa & Hastings, 2016; Van der… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

sociological constraints are not acknowledged or disavowed in Chinese literature and academia in general. Until China or East Asia develops cohesive bioethical theories, the dualistic East/West divide remains. It is also important to qualify what bioethics is: "Ethics is all about preventing harm and suffering when they result from action, and understanding the meaning and functionally of harm," (p. 145). Pragmatic questions include how to reconcile situational ethics versus absolute ethics. Central to bioethics is also the concept of "the humane," which can be a universal moral imperative (p. 145). A universal moral imperative is possible, contrary to strict… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

perspectives that have dominated evaluation of the human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.  However, there have been numerous… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

basis of a genealogy that is critical to the identity and imagination among the Karen including the literature about them. Christianity formed an important external categorization factor. It was equated to the traits of the colonizers who ruled Burma and the more recent neocolonialism defined by the incumbent military regime. Christianity and Buddhism have created a common identity that transcends the local communities. These have provided an avenue for knowledge sharing. The other end of religious conversion the Karen people have held fast to their cultural traditions and customs within the local communities. Conversion was both a transformation to… Continue Reading...

How Diversification Can Help Ceos Financially

-- through researching the "secondary data of VC investment" that is gleaned from knowledge management literature published between the years 2002-2012 -- diversification is "associated with better firm performance" (Zhang, 2014). Two kinds of investment strategies for VC firms: specialization (a "low level of diversification" for a few businesses in one industry); and diversification (this targets "multiple businesses across various industries" (Zhang, 277). This research embraced the "Pratt's Guide to Private Equity and Venture Capital" database -- zeroing in on VC diversification in New York, California, and Massachusetts. What is not widely known, Zhang writes (283), is that young… Continue Reading...

Loss Of a Loved One

and/or trans* people who have lost a partner: A systematic review, thematic synthesis and modelling of the literature. Palliative Medicine, 30(8), 730-744. doi:10.1177/0269216316634601 Bryant, R. A., Kenny, L., Joscelyne, A., Rawson, N., Maccallum, F., Cahill, C., . . . Nickerson, A. (2014). Treating Prolonged Grief Disorder. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(12), 1332. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2014.1600 Fenge, L. (2013). Developing Understanding of Same-Sex Partner Bereavement for Older Lesbian and Gay People: Implications for Social Work Practice. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 57(2-4), 288-304. doi:10.1080/01634372.2013.825360 Ingham, C. F., Eccles, F. J., Armitage, J. R., & Murray, C. D. (2016). Same-sex partner bereavement in older women:… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

HSE Books, Sudbury 11) Bo Xia, 2016, Falls from Height in the Construction Industry: A Critical Review of the Scientific literature 12) NEBOSH 2006, Guide to the NEBOSH National Diploma in Occupational Health and Safety 13) Health and Safety Executive, 1998, Reducing Noise at Work. Guidance on the Noise at Work Regulations 1989, L116, HSE Books, Sudbury 14) British Standards Institution, 2004, Temporary works equipment Part 1: Scaffolds performance requirements and general design. BS EN 12811-1: 1994, BSI, London 15) British Standards Institution, 1994a, Hearing Protectors: Recommendation for the Selection, Use, Care and Maintenance. BS EN 458: 1994, BSI, London… Continue Reading...

Social Capital

social capital aid in levelling the social gradient in the health and well-being of children and adolescents? A literature review. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 65. Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

parental QOL. The most salient component of this research is its literature search. literature reviews help researchers gain more knowledge regarding the topic of study. They enable scholars to examine existing information regarding the topic, decide how to differentiate their work from available works (thereby contributing to the literature pool on the subject), and develop a conceptual framework and research design. The latter may also be achieved based on existing literature that serves to guide scholars with regard to sound research performance strategies. For instance, literature on the topic at hand may help instruct the research scholar regarding the research… Continue Reading...

The Prevalence Of False Confessions

to potentially new interrogation techniques that may reduce the likelihood of false confessions. Another article narrowing the funnel of literature review is "The substance of false confessions". The article looks further into the content of investigations and aims to shed light on how false confessions occur, creating a potentially more detailed examination of the occurrence and why it may be more pervasive than believed. This leads to the research question of: How could an innocent confess to a crime? The researcher believes the psychological techniques implant detailed information of the crime to make it easier to gain a believable confession.… Continue Reading...

Figurative Language and Imagery in Poetry

than the long narrative epic. Thus, I think Clugston's quote is valid because perceptions regarding the value of literature have changed. It is a different world from that of the 19th century. We are connected to the Internet, to the latest news (which is old ten minutes after it hits the wire). Week 1 - Discussion 2 A writer might feel compelled to write about literature because it is his medium, and he wants both to explain it to himself as well as to his audience who may appreciate the insight he has about the medium. It benefits readers and… Continue Reading...

Comparison Of the Theme Of “granny” and “shame Amah”

and precious writer. She benefited from both classical Western and Chinese literature making her being one of the most renown Chinese writers in the literary world. Similarly, Eileen Chang is one of the most talented Chinese writers born in 1921 and has published several collections of English stories as well publishing two English novels. Eileen Chang was born in Shanghai and attended the University of Hong Kong. The talent of Eileen Chang came into limelight when she won an essay context in Shanghai sponsored by West Wind magazine. Eileen Chang returned to Shanghai where she was able to support… Continue Reading...

Chinese Literature

others. Nevertheless, the primary distinction in the female agency shown in these two works of literature revolves around the independent nature of that in "Granny" and the dependent variety found in "Shame, Amah!". This notion is also evidenced in the way in which both of the protagonists, who are domestics, work. The autonomy which is part of the independent female agency Granny has also correlates to her professional work. She is in a comfortable enough position in her career in which "she chose her families," they did not choose her . . . she was firm in her insistence to… Continue Reading...

Applied Social Psychology

practical and social challenges. This paper is presented as a review of literature on social psychological theories and their generic role in resolving practical and social problems. A key applied social psychological theory is Cognitive Dissonance, whose main premise is that an individual is driven to remain consistent in his/her cognitions or perceptions as any dissension in this regard may give rise to psychological discomfort (Brehm, 2007). The term 'dissonance' involves aversion or discomfort; individuals can alleviate such distress by altering their cognitions. What is its effect on family dynamics, familial issues and teen problems? In what way is… Continue Reading...

Education, Military, and Governments in Ancient Greece

and thinking. Whereas in Athens people spent much of their time studying arts, literature, and music, Spartans focused on training to be soldiers. As such, Spartans were seen as brilliant in warfare and their soldiers were among the best worldwide. These training started immediately after birth hence produced hardened Spartan soldiers such that they never lost any battle even during bloody conflicts that raged Ancient Greek city-states (Blackwell, 2003). Unlike Athens, Sparta had a full-time army. In Sparta, boys and men spent their entire lives fighting and training and they were known for being fierce and brave. Interestingly, they… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

the researcher's meaning or the meaning suggested by extant literature (Creswell, 2014). These two aspects have important implications for criminal justice research. For instance, using qualitative research designs such as case study, ethnography, and phenomenology places the researcher in a better position to understand the psychological and behavioural characteristics of a certain criminal or type of criminals. More fundamentally, understanding the distinct nature of qualitative research enable consumers of research to more appropriately interpret published research findings. They interpret those findings oblivious of the fact that they may not be readily generalised beyond the subjects included in the study.… Continue Reading...

12 Angry Men Prejudice Vs Justice

"Sidney Lumet's Humanism: The Return of the Father in Twelve Angry Men." literature/Film Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2 (1986): 112-121. Goya, Francisco. "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters." KhanAcademy. Web. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/becoming-modern/romanticism/romanticism-in-spain/a/goya-the-sleep-of-reason-produces-monsters Lumet, Sidney, dir. Twelve Angry Men. LA: United Artists, 1957. Film. Continue Reading...

Neo Noir and Genre in Blade Runner

is in many ways like the angry Ahab of Melville's classic work of American literature -- angrily lashing out at God, Fate, Nature and vowing to hunt down the whale. Indeed, both Blatty and Ahab shed a tear as they near then end in a profound moment that evokes incredible sympathy from the audience for their characters. In conclusion, with all of this said Blade Runner deals with the forces of good and evil by exploring them through the neo-noir, sci-fi lens where such issues are typically embellished or emphasized so as to give dramatic weight to the narrative.… Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

home-country HRM practices and host-country HRM practices. With reference to literature and real life examples, this paper discusses the impact of country of origin on strategic HRM practices in MNCs. The paper specifically demonstrates how national characteristics affect the transfer of HRM practice, how the transfer occurs, and which HRM practices are more likely to be transferred than others. The Country-of-Origin Effect While MNCs may be considered 'nationless' organisations, most of them tend to be "strongly rooted in their country of origin" (Noorderhaven and Harzing, 2003: 2). This is referred to as the country-of-origin effect. Defining the country-of-origin effect… Continue Reading...

Herbal Medication in Handling Heart Diseases Among Women

2017 from http://www.unifra.br/pos/aafarm/downloads/_intera%C3%A7_%20cardiovascular.pdf The article is a culmination of research and extensive literature reviews done by three researchers and specialists in the herbal medicine field of medical therapies. It is an academic and professional article widely informed by the ever rising use and need to use the herbal medicine in the USA. The FDA has weighed in especially in terms of the safety concerns of these various herbs hence this article objectively looks at the issues concerning the benefits, the adverse effects and the therapeutic value of various herbal therapies particularly among patients with cardiovascular diseases. The article highlights the… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

massive, with many budding writers boosting the perception of literature as time passes. This paper seeks to evaluate and provide insight into the progress of English writing over a time period ranging from the post- independence period till the present time. Writing veterans who displayed the fifties' realism in their works are also compared with the burgeoning present day writers who bring their modern perspective to bear in appraising past ideas. Readers' attention is also drawn to the evolving language use patterns (Sharma, 2016, p. 60). At the twilight of the 1960s and the dawn of the 1970s, the… Continue Reading...

Robert Hayden Those Winter Sundays

when the fathers are conscripted to work in the capitalist model of labor exploitation. As Hiraldo points out, literature like Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays" and Miller's Death of a Salesman share in common the theme of showing how the strain of trying to achieve the American dream creates problems for working class families. Both Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays" and Death of a Salesman depict the motif of "separation" between father and son due directly to the stress of the working class labor model (Hiraldo 6). Separation is a major motif in "Those Winter Sundays." Hayden uses diction to emphasize… Continue Reading...

Treating Allergic Patients Using Homeopathy

information that is essential to the issue or phenomenon under investigation. Consequently, in most studies, researchers include a literature review section and/or cite sources that help in understanding the specific issue. The inclusion of literature review section provides a background for understanding the research issue/topic based on existing evidence or prior studies that have been carried out about it. The citing of relevant evidence, experiences and/or information is also crucial towards understanding the researcher's reasoning when conducting the study and arriving at his/her conclusions. This study does not include a literature review section through the authors highlight relevant statements… Continue Reading...

Emotional Labour and Gendered Occupational Segregation

labour, service organisations are likely to select women. With reference to literature and my personal experiences as an employee, I discuss how emotional labour in the service sector has promoted gendered occupational segregation. The paper has two major sections. First, I provide a review of literature relating to emotional labour and gender-based occupational segregation. In light of the literature, I then present my own experiences as an employee in the hospitality industry. literature Review The concept of emotional labour is originally credited to Arlie Russell Hochschild, who described it in her 1983 influential book The Managed Heart: Commercialisation of… Continue Reading...

Feminism in Frankenstein Introduction

Swiss mountain cabin situates the author among two of the most prominent male figures in British literature, making her a self-affirmed equal and eschewing the derisive and misogynistic questions posed by the Publishers of Standard Novels. The subversion of gender roles in the introduction to Frankenstein does not end with Shelley's powerful role as author. In fact, a careful investigation of the chronology and facts of the introductory anecdote, in which she claims that she came to be enamored with ghost stories "translated from the German into the French," as inspiration for the novel, reveals inconsistencies that only careful… Continue Reading...

Economic and Environmental Benefits Of Short Sea Shipping

the benefits the country has received from using the service and the drawback to their policy. literature Review According to Eurostat Statistics Explained (2016), it has been established that in 2015 the total gross weight of goods moved within the European Union short sea shipping was 1.8 billion tonnes. This was an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. However, this increase is still lower than what was experienced before the economic downturn of 2009 (Sambracos & Maniati, 2012). Greece has been at the forefront of short sea shipping, and it has been ranked together with the top countries like… Continue Reading...

Operations Department in a Shipping Company

Operations, Professional Safety, vol. 45, no. 10, pp.23-28. Yuan, Z 2016, A Brief literature Review on Ship Management in Maritime Transportation, Free University of Brussels viewed 24 April 2017, <http://iridia.ulb.ac.be/IridiaTrSeries/link/IridiaTr2016-001.pdf> Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

assimilation theories as well as social constructionism. The reasons for the emerging literature include improving psychological health and well-being, improving social and cultural health, and also reducing or eliminating racism and negative stereotyping. Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) point out "83% of Muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

in the port industry. Focusing on APM Terminals (APM), the present study sought to fill this gap in literature. The study specifically sought to examine how the organization can make use of digitalization to improve customer satisfaction. APM is a Dutch multinational container terminal company. With its headquarters in The Hague and under the ownership of the global conglomerate Maersk Group, APM provides terminal operations, cargo support, port management, and container inland services to hundreds of customers in more than 60 countries around the world. The company boasts over 70 port and terminal facilities as well as more than… Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

and incomplete in nature (Bavelier et al., 2011). Conclusion There are a few things that are easily apparent from the brief literature review done for this report. Indeed, there are clear signs that video games affect the brain on one or more levels and those effects manifest throughout the body in one form or another and they tend to be good or bad, depending on the situation. Even with that being the case, the surface is just starting to be scratched and there is most certainly a lot that is not yet known. Regardless, it is clear that video games can… Continue Reading...

Public Sector Performance Measurement

of the outcomes, and taking action based on those outcomes. As demonstrated by literature, implementing PBM can be viewed as implementing organizational change: it requires assessment of the status quo, defining the organization's desired future state, and undertaking action to achieve that state. For this to be achieved, however, a number of factors are important: strong leadership commitment, organizational culture changes, as well as attention to individual, operational, and strategic dimensions. If effectively implemented, PBM can positively influence employee and organizational outcomes. Performance Management: Brief literature Review With the operational environment becoming ever more competitive, and against the backdrop… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

African-American people from a qualitative perspective. The literature review will provide a brief background on African-American people and leading health problems they face along with a brief inclusion of census data to create a general picture of health from the perspective of an African-American person. One African-American man was interviewed. His answers provide a means of generating a construct that will be used to draw conclusions for nursing practice and standard of care development. African-American People: literature Review A website called: 'Dimensions of Culture', examines cultural patterns existent in many African-American communities. Those that recently immigrated… Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan

to all students, but in a manner that resonates with the specific needs of each student. literature has extensively supported the effectiveness of differentiated instruction in enhancing learning outcomes (Bailey & Williams-Black, 2008; De Jesus, 2012). Allowing for differentiation in this case will be important given the fact that some students may have difficulties working alone due to, among other factors, poor learning capabilities. For such students, allowing teacher-led or student-led discussions as well as group work can be valuable. On the whole, with differentiated instruction, the teacher not only delivers contents, but also pays attention to the individual… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

by employees. This research will also provide recommendations on the implementation of the proposed solution in the short and long-term. literature Review The issue of stress brought by self-defeating behavior has received considerable attention and has been the subject of numerous studies. Thau, Aquino & Poortvliet (2007) define self-defeating behaviors are behaviors that hinder an individual from achieving his/her goals or satisfying his/her interests or desires. These researchers state that employees are sometimes engaged in activities that are self-defeating when conducting their duties in the workplace. Renn, Allen & Huning (2013) concurs by stating that self-defeating behavior is a concept… Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

and cognition is whether expertise is a trait acquired naturally or through learning. In an extensive review of literature based on learning and cognition theory, Sadideen et al. (2013) sought to answer this question. Focusing specifically on the field of surgery, the authors concluded that surgical expertise is acquired through continuous learning and practice, not innately or genetically. These findings are consistent with the broader body of knowledge suggesting that experts are made, not born (Hallam, 2010; Tashman, 2013). In other words, whereas some individuals appear to be born with superior capabilities than others, they become proficient over time,… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

occurs through a paucity of the research on films that propel the social right movements. literature Review Methods Films Propel Civil and Social Rights In the early 21st century, the media and films set the tone for the images, values, and moral for the American culture. Culture is a tangible aspect of human society that is learned through socialization, and consists of acquired implicit and explicit pattern, ideas, attached values and behaviors transmitted to people and conditioned elements of behaviors and action. With the culture of films and media, many people started realizing that the degrading stereotypes they believed realistic… Continue Reading...

Reactions in Parents Of Children with Life Threatening Illness

variable seem to make sense in this case based off the literature review that is provided. Sampling This paper reports the results from wave one of a prospective, longitudinal study; the Take a Breath study, which is being conducted at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), Melbourne, Australia; a state-wide, tertiary, pediatric hospital treating seriously ill children. Data were collected from participating parents within four weeks of child diagnosis or hospital admission between November 2010 and August 2012 (Muscara, et al., 2015). • Participants included parents of children diagnosed and/or admitted to The RCH, where the illness or injury involved… Continue Reading...

Cultural Aspects Of Being Deaf

abstract while others are more tangible and real. Those aspects of deaf culture including language, speech, socializing, literature, norms and rules for behavior, and so forth. The rules for behavior in particular is very precise and specific because every little part of communication is focused on and part of what people pay so much attention to. There are rules and guidelines when it comes to the use of eyes, facial expressions, introductions, labels and so forth. The cultural items seen in literature and movies are also important to focus on. Good books that exist that relate to deaf culture… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing and Success

in the market. References Cheung, C. M., & Thadani, D. R. (2012). The impact of electronic word-of-mouth communication: A literature analysis and integrative model. Decision Support Systems, 54(1), 461 -- 470 Oh, H. J., Ozkaya, E., & LaRose, R. (2014). How does online social networking enhance life satisfaction? The relationships among online supportive interaction, affect perceived social support, sense of community, and life satisfaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 69 -- 78 Yang, B., Kim, Y., & Yoo, C. (2013). The integrated mobile advertising model: The effects of technology and emotion-based evaluations. Journal of Business Research, 66(9), 1345 -- 1352 Continue Reading...

Comic Books, Graphic Novels, and Literacy

Comic books have graduated from pulp entertainment to literature and even historiography. Their role in literacy development as both medium and message has become uncontested, with both traditional superhero comic books unique graphic novels being included in school libraries (Griffith 181). Whereas comic books were once derided when compared with non-illustrated texts, now educators, librarians, and sociologists recognize the value and importance of comic books as a pedagogical tool. Schwarz notes that graphic novels can "introduce students to literature they might never otherwise encounter," stimulate interest in reading in general while also providing substantive… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

research questions are clearly stated prior to the methods section and within the introduction. Because there is a dearth of literature on workplace bullying in nursing, the authors do not provide a comprehensive review of literature. However, it would have been better had the authors cited studies on workplace bullying in other fields. Because the research is exploratory in nature, there are no directional hypotheses; the authors seek to understand the phenomenon and provide directions for future research and strategies for nurse management. The study is directly relevant to the healthcare practice because of the clear impact bullying has on… Continue Reading...

Special Education Theory and Intervention

as a disciplinary measure and race is clearly identified in the literature (Anyon, et al., 2014; Losen & Martinez, 2013). The use of suspension as a knee-jerk reaction presents civil rights issues that need to be conscientiously and immediately addressed by educational policy makers and school administrators. If I were the director of a special education program I would not resort to suspension except in extreme cases in which the safety of students was in danger in some way. I would handle any violation of the policy with strict disciplinary action against the educator, but would also require special… Continue Reading...

Study on Parents with Autistic Children

well-being. In light of the existed of relatively limited literature on this issue, Baird et al. (2006) argue that its important for social workers catering for autistic children to understand the impact of parental hope and internalized stigmatization on parental QOL. Since autism is a lifetime ailment, an understanding of parental challenges and the determination of adjustment techniques for alleviating their negative impacts is urgent and necessary to help improve their lives. The identified studies will make significant contributions to this research through providing insights on the different issues relating to the research problem. First, these studies promote an… Continue Reading...

Behaviorally Targeted Ads As Implied Social Labels Article Analysis

marketing environment,  the authors investigate the difference between method consumer response to traditional types of targeting, and behaviorally targeted advertisements. literature Review Tucker,  (2014) argues that the internet has revolutionized the way advertisers employ in designing their campaign. With the strategy used in collecting consumer data using the website platform, the advertisers are able to design the adverts that will be tailored to consumers’ preferences.  For example, the online clicks can be used to collect the information about the particular products that consumers prefer. Unlike the traditional method of advert that does not have the same advantages, in  this scenario,… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

world, the proposed study seeks to fill this gap in literature. The study will take the mixed methods approach. In business, the significance of customer satisfaction cannot be overemphasized. Indeed, with increasingly many firms providing similar goods or services, dissatisfied customers can easily look for other alternatives. Accordingly, firms do whatever it takes to retain customers and keep them happy (Kumar, 2016). With tremendous technological advancements over the years, firms are ever more relying on technology as a valuable driver of customer satisfaction. Whether it is processing a customer order or automating luggage handling, firms in diverse sectors and… Continue Reading...

Early Childhood Education and Motivation

own goal-directed behavior, Mr. Cardot could create some goals for them and link those goals to meaningful and engaging literature. According to the text, there are four main goal orientations in learning: mastery of the material itself, performance (looking good), work-avoidance, and social goals (p. 453). As he changes his instructional strategies in the class, Mr. Cardot will start to recognize differences between the students. Not all will have the same goals. Some will be motivated to master the content itself. Others will just want that sticker and to receive praise from the teacher or peers. Others will do… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

regions in Europe. The focus of the paper is to identify possible sources of literature to help answer questions regarding whether legislation is an effective tool in reducing firearms-related violence. The paper focuses on variance of gun violence rates throughout Europe, gun legislation, and possible national strategies for addressing the issue of gun violence. It finds that there are many variables that impact regions and can effect greater or lesser rates of gun violence -- factors such as education, culture, economic stability, political instability, and so on. No two countries are the same in terms of people, customs, traditions,… Continue Reading...

Issues Within Special Education

the needs of special education students. In addition to these laws and regulations, how has literature shaped the education communities' practice of special education in schools? Support your response with a theoretical perspective. When it comes to any matter of major compliance, there is seemingly two different realms to what happens in the field after new guidelines shape out. Indeed, there is simple compliance with the law. At the bare minimum, this is something that all teachers and administrators must follow. Anything less than that is a clear violation and thus must be remediated. However, anyone that knows about… Continue Reading...

Commercialization Of Media Influences Political Discourse

C. The media concept is commonly used in the literature and debate on power and the media. Such debates as to whether their power of the media is on the rise or fall, whether the media influences democracy in a positive way and whether the media and political institutions are powerful entities are commonplace (Ekstorm). The understanding of the media, in general, has been localized around a few media organizations as similar entities representing the media in general. The spread and flow of information and news are meant to be presided over by the media institutions. They commonly set… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams in Today's Working Environment

Szewc (2013) provides understanding of the issue relating to the members of virtual teams, the study is primarily a literature review that is not based on findings of empirical studies. The researcher simply relies on concepts documented in existing literature but does not conduct an empirical analysis of these concepts. Through reliance on existing literature, the study does not provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenon under investigation. Significance of the Study for Particular Audiences The study by Lipnack & Stamps (1999) is significant for organization managers and leaders with regards to understanding the foundational components towards establishing and… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

also played a part in the opposition certain criminology researchers have to the biological hypothesis. A number of common literature on criminology are still focused on the effects of the biological hypothesis in which they discuss the effects of medication and the opinion that these hypotheses imply that people cannot be cured. The consequences of policy on biological criminology are arguably the biggest obstacle for its supporters. A well-developed cognition is a crucial safeguard against criminal tendencies. A number of popular characteristics of criminal minds like sensitivity, spontaneity and neurological flaws can all be linked back to poor cognitive… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

and outcomes. + Refer to appropriate sections of the database and relevant research of the findings in current literature. Data in the third column could be local, state, or national statistics. 3. Community Health Nursing Diagnoses: Based on your subjective and objective assessment findings above for both Weeks 1 and 2, write TWO priority community health nursing diagnoses. NOT use NANDA. Use the following format for the community health nursing diagnoses: • Risk of (State the health problem or risk.) • Among (Identify the population group affected.) • Related to ( State factor(s) contributing to the health problem or associated… Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

interaction to emotion, this can majorly be found in developmental literature. Interpreting the emotions of infants as interactional creations comes with some implications for our understanding of how infants convey their emotional situations. Infants' gestures of delight and discomfort are not intrinsically communications of emotional messages, they are only given emotional meaning by the actions of the baby-sitter or parents or whoever is taking care of the baby. Actions like smiling, crying, and movements of hands and feet are only meant to convey messages to the care giver about how well the interaction is going or to demand a… Continue Reading...

Analects Of Confucius Philosophy

Concepts of Leadership and Followership" (2008). All Volumes (2001-2008). Paper Kern, Martin. "Early Chinese literature, Beginnings through Western Han." In Owen, Stephen. The Cambridge History of Chinese literature, (2010). Volume 1: To 1375. Cambridge: Worrall, Simon. Why Is Confucius Still Relevant Today? His Sound Bites Hold Up. (2015) Retrieved 17 May 2017 from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/03/150325-confucius-china-asia-philosophy-communist-party-ngbooktalk/ Continue Reading...

Dangers Of Backcountry Skiing to Society and Individuals

also to the economy and environment. Although environmental conservation campaigns have been on the rise, limited literature explains the impacts of this activity on the people and the environment. The activity is used as a recreational activity for most of the people, but recent calls have been made to have an environmental analysis of the effects of the activity to ensure that the negative impacts have been reduced across the globe. In some cases, the skiing takes place on mountains or the raised grounds in the countries. This paper argues that the benefits that come with the activity do… Continue Reading...

Teaching the Harlem Renaissance

Harlem Renaissance How does literature contribute to history, and what does the Harlem Renaissance reveal about U.S. History? Modern U.S. History Content Learning Objective (content and product): e.g., students will be able to [content analysis] by [product and activity]. What historical content will students know at the end of the lesson? At the end of the lesson students will know the literary significance of the Harlem Renaissance within a historical context. Specifically, they will understand how the literary aspirations realized through the Harlem Renaissance… Continue Reading...

Scholarly Article on Victimology

report emanates from a research that significantly employed the literature review approach towards the research. Dussich goes deep into reviewing literature that exists in various articles and books in the past on the subject and comes out with not only the details of victimology and those relevant events to the topic, but also with dates that these outstanding events took place. This reconstruction and collection of facts brings into perspective the gradual development of the subject of victimology over time. The data used in the research report is very relevant in putting forth the gradual development of victimology since… Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

in-depth presentation of the issue of victimology. This report emanates from a research that significantly employed the literature review approach towards the research. Dussich goes deep into reviewing literature that exists in various articles and books in the past on the subject and comes out with not only the details of victimology and those relevant events to the topic, but also with dates that these outstanding events took place. This reconstruction and collection of facts brings into perspective the gradual development of the subject of victimology over time. This article targets the scholars in the field of victimology, the law… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

what they do to make things work, what is suggested in theory and scholarly literature and how those frameworks and lessons do or do not work for their particular situation. The author of this report will personally be making a comparison and contrast between what is asserted within the literature and compare it to the feedback and personal experience narrative of the owner/manager. A common refrain seen in the blogosphere and elsewhere is that there is a disconnect between what is suggested in the minds of theorists and within the so-called ivory towers of academia and political think tanks.… Continue Reading...

Does Testing Overlook the Importance Of Long Term Learning

skills young people need today to be competitive in the workplace. This paper reviews the literature to demonstrate how testing tends to overlook the importance of long-term learning, followed by a summary of the research and important findings about the implications of testing on long-term learning in the conclusion. Review and Discussion So-called "teaching to the test" simply means that classroom teachers focus coursework on the contents of upcoming tests, including the high-stakes standardized tests that have become virtually universal in their use. For instance, according to one educator, "High-stakes, standardized tests have become ubiquitous in public education in… Continue Reading...

Joe's Case Study and Evidence Based Practice

stereotypes and stigmas toward patients with substance abuse disorders in particular. A systematic review of the literature reveals "negative attitudes of health professionals towards patients with substance use disorders are common and contribute to suboptimal health care for these patients," (Boekel, Brouwers, van Weeghel & Garresten, 2013, p. 23). Social workers are at the forefront of substance abuse treatment, as social work professionals "regularly encounter individuals, families, and communities affected by substance use disorders," including co-occurring disorders as in Joe's case (NASW, 2013, p. 5). Therefore, in addition to their role in reducing stigma and ensuring evidence-based practice in… Continue Reading...

Fiction Films

source of it. References Heller, A. (2005). The Immortal Comedy: The Comic Phenomenon in Art, literature, and Life. Lexington Books. Moyes, J. (2010). Erich Segal's legacy: movies that make you weep. The Telegraph. Retrieved from: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/7037343/Erich-Segals-legacy-movies-that-make-you-weep.html Reyes, A. (2011). Tragic Love: Poetry and Prose for the Unloved and Loving. New York: Xlibris Corporation. Snyder, S. (1970). Romeo and Juliet: Comedy into tragedy. Essays in Criticism, 20(4), 391-402. Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

American society, getting stronger due to common items in American literature. This is only as a result of its intellectual deceit, which is bordered on a false majority and a covert selectiveness. References Adams, I. (2001). Political ideology today. Manchester. Manchester University Press. Gaus, G., Courtland, S. D., & Schmidtz, D. (2011). Liberalism, The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. Liberalism. (2016). Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopaedia, 1p. 1. Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, E. (1997). Liberalism in America. The Intercollegiate Review, 33(1), 44. Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

can serve as chief aspects of an anti-corruption program. With so much literature on recognizing corruption, it is important to research ways that lessen corruption in law enforcement. Kim, C. (2013). Anti-Corruption Initiatives and E-Government: A Cross-National Study. Public Organization Review, 14(3), 385-396. doi:10.1007/s11115-013-0223-1 This is a quantitative study using statistical examination of aggregate data of over two-hundred nations that discovered relationships among anti-corruption and e-government within government. Results showed that the use of e-government can act as an effective tool to lessen government corruption because it is an excellent means of understanding and carrying out laws. Researchers also… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling and Social Work

reviewed along with PIE theory for the best means of assisting couples in the social worker setting. literature Review This literature review will cover EFT, the Gottman Method, PIE theory, and RLT. The articles and studies will highlight the frameworks of these concepts as well as potential success of these frameworks when applied in real-world settings. The objective is to understand and highlight theoretical frameworks that may be best suited for couples counseling as a social worker. Although social work does not always involve counseling, it can be part of the job duties and can provide relief to affected couples.… Continue Reading...

Proposal Review

various issues that have not been addressed in the various studies. The reviewed literature and the gaps identified are sufficient to warrant the current studies. Significance The successful completion of both proposals is sure to contribute to scientific knowledge on the issues addresses. However, the structure and purpose of E1 doesn't directly contribute to clinical practice, but provides information that could be the basis for a study beneficial for clinical practice. On the other hand, the successful completion of G1 study would be beneficial to and contribute positively to clinical practice, specifically, in the management of persons with Parkinson… Continue Reading...

Accounting Gaap and Ifrs

the GAAP, the research lays more emphasis on the literature while on the other hand with regard to IFRS, the examination of the facts is more comprehensive (Forgeas, 2008). In addition, the terminology that is employed in both accounting methods are largely dissimilar. For instance, under IFRS accounting approach, the terminology employed include ordinary share capital, nominal or face value and shareholders. On the other hand, under GAAP, the terminology employed include common stock, par value and stockholders. Moreover, there lies dissimilarity in the manner in which the two methods of accounting treat treasury stock. In particular, with respect… Continue Reading...

Proposed Study Budget and Budget Justifications

individuals with initial symptoms of dementia. This research project would contribute to existing literature regarding how to manage dementia, which is a serious mental illness with significant impacts on brain functions like language, memory, and visuospatial operations. If proven successful, the project will play a critical role in stopping dementia through the use of non-intense video games to improve the cognitive abilities of patients with the condition. The research project will involve several stakeholders given its probability to help stop dementia among aged individuals if successful. The involvement of the various stakeholders is attributable to the fact that the identification… Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

an organization influences its members significantly. Organizational structures affect job satisfaction among the staff of a firm. According to a literature review performed by Thomas (2015), it became evident that nurses who worked in hospitals where decentralization was used in task execution and decision making reported high levels of job satisfaction. According to them, centralization provided nurses with their desired autonomy that resulted in their increased productivity and satisfaction with their job. When this occurs, employees are ready to explore new ways of executing their assigned responsibilities and take up new tasks (Baligh, 2006). The review also showed that organic… Continue Reading...

Solid Waste Management

the development of the mechanism (Thyberg & Tonjes, 2015). e) Tentative chapter outline • Abstract • Introduction • Theoretical Framework • literature Review • Methodology • Data Presentation • Discussion • Recommendations • Conclusion Bibliography American Public Works Association (APWA) Report. (2008). Available online: http://www.apwa.net/ Resources/Reporter/Articles/2008/3/ISO-14001-Environmental-Management-Systems-a-snapshot-of-the-experience-of-solid-waste-organizations Bartone, C.R. (1995). The role of the private sector in developing countries: Keys to success. Paper presented at ISWA Conference on Waste Management - Role of the Private Sector, Singapore, 24-25 September 1995. Girly, A. (2015). SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES: A PROPOSED BLUEPRINT TOWARDS GOVERNMENT ACTION. European Scientific Journal. Johannes, P. (2006). Solid Waste Management Program (SWMP). Project.… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

crisis. The above piece of information is shocking, considering the strong scientific literature that corroborates the genuineness of stress-related injuries and justifies an all-inclusive paradigm. Obamacare deals with the well-recorded financial and racial gaps by enhancing the accessibility of prevention services, together with improved treatment coordination and illness management. This investment bears fruit with improved patient health results and more fruitful lives, affordably (Bernard, 2016; Kilbourne & Atkins, 2015). With regard to the wider inequality problem between medical and psychological healthcare, Obamacare moves further than federal equality law obligations and mandates benchmark Medicaid plans (which are alternatives devised as… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

unnecessary risk taking, which translates to a reduced criminal tendency. The three literature sources considered by (Lochner and Moretti) all gave the same inference: education considerably lessens crime rate. This discovery has huge impacts on various types and intensities of criminal activity. There is a similarity between the impact of education on rates of imprisonment and frequency of capture of criminals as well as self-confessed offences. In order to reduce this to the barest minimum, the government could enact proven and specific laws and guidelines. This research could be useful to government regulators in crafting their anti-crime systems and… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

Race, Gender & Class, 80-97. Buonanno, P. (2003). The socioeconomic determinants of crime. A review of the literature. Working Paper Dipartimento di Economia Politica, Universita di Milano Bicocca; 63. Clinks. (2013). Guide to the Criminal Justice System. Retrieved June 02, 2017, from http://www.clinks.org/criminal-justice/guide-criminal-justice-system FindLaw. (2014). How Does the Criminal Justice System Work? Retrieved June 02, 2017, from http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-law-basics/how-does-the-criminal-justice-system-work.html Lane, J., & Meeker, J. W. (2000). Subcultural diversity and the fear of crime and gangs. Crime & Delinquency, 46(4), 497-521. Levi, M., & Maguire, M. (2004). Reducing and preventing organised crime: An evidence-based critique. Crime, Law and Social Change, 41(5), 397-469.… Continue Reading...

Aged Population Showing Early Symptoms Of Dementia

was kept intact, maybe as a sort of recompense (Ballesteros et al., 2013; Aristotle University of T. et al., 2015) literature review Several studies have backed the idea that a solution could be found towards improving the quality of life of the older population. A phenomenon known as Neuroplasticity has been discovered in animals. It means how much the brain is able to adapt following an environmental modification and it is dependent on cognitive function and neural attachments. Therefore, we should expect a more loaded hippocampus in people who exist in superior environments due to their higher wealth of interest… Continue Reading...

Restitution for Victims Of Crime

victimology, the research shall look into at least three different articles with deep literature review that focuses on the history and origin of victimology in different nations across the globe (Dussich J.P.J., n.d ). D. There is need to understand what victim contribution to the intimate partner crime could be and how these can be handled when dealing with restitution situation. It will be important to extensively explain how the victim contribution can significantly affect the restitution process causing unnecessary loss of monetary compensation or even delays in submission of the restitution money (University of Portsmouth, 2012). E. Bearing… Continue Reading...

Performance Based Management Synthesis

the context of study, it provides valuable insights about the usefulness of PBM in enhancing organisational performance. PBM literature also focuses on antecedents for the implementation of PBM as well as key success factors. One antecedent is leadership (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). PBM implementation is often thought to be exclusive to large organisations, which are perceived to have the resources and capacity necessary for undertaking PBM. This is not necessarily true. Smaller organisations can as well implement and benefit from PBM if they have proper leadership in place. Indeed, the importance of leadership in the success of PBM cannot… Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

this issue, this paper reviews the relevant primary and secondary literature concerning organized psychology’s long involvement in the eugenics movement and how this involvement provided the scientific basis for the selective breeding and extermination of human beings. Finally, a recapitulation of the main findings from the primary and secondary literature concerning these issues and the lessons learned are presented in the conclusion. Review and Analysis The origins of eugenics can be traced to the late 19th century when a combination of events served to facilitate the development of the eugenics movement. As the fin de siècle neared, a wide… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

longer necessary or appropriate in the 21st century. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature concerning Guantanamo Bay to provide the background of the issue and an analysis of this issue to determine whether the U.S. interests in Guantanamo Bay justify its continued operations. A summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue are provided in the conclusion. Background of Issue  The U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is 45 square miles in size and is located on the southeast end of Cuba (see map at Appendix A) (Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, 2014). The… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a background on Edward Snowden and how his high-profile actions adversely affected the work of the National Security Agency (NSA). An analysis of what the NSA was doing prior to the leaks and how it collects intelligence information now is followed by an examination concerning what Snowden leaked and why. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the U.S. government violated Snowden’s constitutional rights is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue in… Continue Reading...

Credit Rating Agencies Essay

determine the facts with credit rating agencies, this paper reviews the literature to provide an overview of these for-profit organizations and a description of the purposes they serve. An examination of the regulatory environment in which credit rating agencies operate is followed by an analysis of current issues with credit rating agencies in the United States and abroad. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning credit ratings agencies and ways to improve them are provided in the conclusion. Credit Agencies Overview What are credit agencies? Today, there are ten statistical rating organizations that enjoy national recognition… Continue Reading...

Robotic Surgery Essay

from such data collection, it is not surprising that the literature would focus on this as a critical thread in innovation. Media Impact and Public Opinion If medical opinion about robotic surgeries is divided, public opinion is perhaps less so. There have been few studies on the subject of public response to robotic surgeries. A reasonable prediction would be that as long as a surgeon is in charge of the machine, that robotic surgery would be viewed mainly as just another modern surgical tool. The benefits that are sold as coming from robotic surgery have a high level of… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Implications Essay

To determine the facts concerning this vitally important issue that affects all humankind, this paper reviews the relevant literature about global warming and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about global warming are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion A growing body of evidence indicates that anthropogenic activities since the Industrial Revolution and more recently since the end of World War II have poured millions and millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the earth’s atmosphere, thereby trapping more radiant heat and causing the earth to become hotter (Li, 2016).… Continue Reading...

Legalshield Pre-paid Legal Services Essay

competitive environment in which it competes, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of LegalShield using Porter’s five forces framework, followed by a recommendation based on this analysis. Overview of Pre-Paid Legal Services, Inc. Following a motor vehicle collision that hospitalized him in 1969, Harland Stonecipher became acutely aware of the need for improved access to the legal system for ordinary individuals. According to LegalShield’s Web site, “After depleting his life savings defending himself against something he didn’t do, Stonecipher was determined to make legal protection accessible to everyone, everywhere, no matter how traumatic or trivial… Continue Reading...

Curriculum Evaluation Plan Essay

Department of Education also notes that: In Grade 6, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing; In Grade 7, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing; and, In Grade 8, Units are being developed that focus on literature and Narrative Writing or on Informational Text and Expository Writing (ELA K-12, 2016, para. 2). Conclusion Providing young learners with the curricular offerings they need to successfully pass the PARCC standardized tests and enter college and later adulthood require ongoing… Continue Reading...

Media Theory Essay

cogent solutions to cyberterrorism, hacking, espionage, and other international events. Review of literature A review of literature demonstrates how actor-network theory has already been applied to cybercrime and cybercriminality. Muller (2015) fuses the concept of assemblage and actor-network theory to provide a new approach to international relations that recognizes the centrality of digital networks. Digital networks, like all other social networks, possess an organic nature. When non-human entities are introduced, including artificially intelligent systems, the complexity of networks can complicate solutions to cybercrimes. Although actor-network theory “risks describing endless chains of associations without ever arriving at an explanation,” the theory… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

study as discussed further below. Purpose of the study The purpose of the proposed study will be to explore the secondary literature and collect primary data concerning the causes of violence in the nation’s schools and what steps can be implemented to prevent it. This purpose is highly congruent with the guidance provided by Johnson, Burke and Gielen (2012) who note that the vast majority of schools in the United States (90%-plus) have already implemented school-based initiatives that are designed to prevent school violence. In addition, school-based violence prevention programs can also help reduce the incidence of violent behaviors such as… Continue Reading...

Violating Social Norms Essay

to the definition provided by Khan and Kamal (2010), “The term personal space was introduced into the psychological literature to describe the zone around the human body that people feel is 'their space.. This is the absolute minimal normally acceptable distance to separate individuals in most common settings” (p. 81). The precise dimensions of an individual’s personal space vary according to age, culture, gender, and context of the setting, as well as other factors (Khan & Kamal, 2010). Explanation of hypothesis It was the hypothesis of this experiment that most if not all movie-goers would react in some fashion… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Simulation Essay

equivalent to the possession of intelligence (Pogio & Meyers, 2016). This paper reviews the relevant literature to show that the Turing test and Chinese Room argument fail to provide an adequate response to this claim. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the successful simulation of human reasoning is in principle possible and whether the answer to this question is inherently dependent on the answer to the main question is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Turing test and Chinese Room argument as they relate to the possession of intelligence are provided in the conclusion.… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

this practice. To determine the facts, this paper provides an analysis of the relevant literature concerning the correlation between prostitution and human trafficking to demonstrate that the two have an inextricable but difficult to quantify effect on each other. A summary of the research and important findings concerning human trafficking and prostitution are provided in the conclusion. Review and Analysis There are dichotomous views about prostitution and how it correlates with human trafficking. According to definition provided by Article 3, paragraph (a) of the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, human trafficking is “the… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

desired outcomes given the violative nature of the practice. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe what practices constitute torture during interrogations and whether these practices are efficacious in producing reliable intelligence information. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Background and Overview A number of aspects of the global war on terrorism, including the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the infamous prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and the use of torture, represent major issues for concerned American citizens.3 Likewise, the use of torture for intelligence-gathering… Continue Reading...

Harlem Renaissance Poems

as much to him as to any white American of his age,” (“Harlem Renaissance: American literature and Art”). Implicit in Cullen’s poetic styles and formats was the belief in a blended identity, and yet the poem “Simon the Cyrenian Speaks” shows that Cullen indeed did struggle with the double consciousness. Langston Hughes took a different approach than Cullen did, in terms of poetic style, subject matter, and approaches to race. Contrary to Cullen, Hughes believed “black poets should create a distinctive Negro art, combating what he called the “urge within the race toward whiteness,” (“Harlem Renaissance: American literature and… Continue Reading...

How Public Perception Shape the Performance Of the Fire Department

a page from the rural areas and small towns and concentrating more on serving the community’s centerpiece. Recruitment literature of fire personnel can be handed out during community meetings, and when colleges have career days, the departments can conduct presentations geared towards enlightening the students on Fire Departments. Through such engagements, residents are given the opportunity of witnessing live demonstrations performed by Fire Departments about procedures of emergency-procedures (DeStefano, 2016). Thoughts on Fire Protection and the Community Fire protection and the community are other areas that should be considered concerning the perception of the Fire Department. Cultural transformations are… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

and the 'critical' approach. Each approach is recoverable from the explicit and implicit content of scholarly literature” (Fealy, 1999, p. 74). The common-sense approach is a way to locate or ground theory within commonsense and is articulated in the world of practice. Practice allows it to be refined, reconstructed, and then validated (Ghaye & Lillyman, 2014). An applied science approach means conforming to standards of validity, reliability, and vigor as it is laid down by ‘science’. The practical approach allows for nourishing of practical clinical wisdom. This approach is used to support and inform clinical decisions (Ghaye & Lillyman,… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Question Does providing massage, as compared to standard care only, to infants born less than 37 weeks gestation, improve feeding intolerance? literature Review The neonatal timespan is one of the most susceptible phases for the infant. In particular, there continues to be a high death rate of preterm infants. In order for such infants to gain weight and have the ideal growth, they have to have an ingestion of energy by feeding. Feeding intolerance is presently one of the top underlying causes of weight loss in preterm infants. The four articles of this paper discuss the impact of abdominal massage in… Continue Reading...

Hawthorne Vs Poe Story Comparison

and Edgar Allen Poe may be counted among the leading American writers to have defined contemporary literature. These personalities significantly elevated short story standards, banking of every literary element in order for strengthening their styles. However, the two utilized these tools rather differently. On the one hand, Hawthorne delved into and discovered human nature’s realities, while, on the other, Poe examined the hearts of people by critiquing their thinking, values, and actions. Both were able to emerge successful when it came to the exploration of short story details, employing words for developing a vibrant world for their readers. Via… Continue Reading...

The Origins and Types Of Behavioral Therapy

model of psychotherapy used in contemporary clinical practice,” (p. 17). The literature on cognitive-behavioral therapy shows that it can be effective for multiple types of clinical disorders from addictions and mood disorders to psychotic disorders like schizophrenia (Butler, Chapman, Forman & Beck, 2006). All types of behavior therapies use the underlying principles of basic behaviorism, including positive and negative reinforcement. The first stage in any behavioral therapy is self-monitoring and self-awareness (Herkov, 2016). When the client is a young child, such as a child with ADHD, the parents can help the child develop the necessary self-awareness to make the… Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

The authors also substantiate most of their claims—though not all—with references to primary experimental research or scholarly literature. As many Americans fall prey to the delusions of anti-science and anti-intellectualism, The Invisible Gorilla plays a crucial role on the pop psychology shelves. This is a book that is written in the spirit of Malcolm Gladwell, and indeed occupies a similar role in what can be called a sub-genre of pop psychology: pop cognitive science. Often, critical research like the invisible gorilla experiment remains confined to the ivory towers. Unless that research is translated into a language and format the… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Mental Health and Trauma Informed Care

of numerous channels to empower nurses with knowledge on trauma-informed care (Isobel & Edwards, 2017). literature has demonstrated the effectiveness of trauma-informed care in improving the delivery of mental health care. Trauma-informed care makes patients feel valued, respected, empowered, informed, connected, and hopeful of recovery (Muskett, 2013; MHCC, 2013). This can result in increased patient satisfaction. Trauma-informed care can also change patients’ perceptions of care and recovery as well as clinician-patient relationships, further improving patient satisfaction. Furthermore, trauma-informed care can enhance patient outcomes by improving patients’ compliance with care and knowledge of self-help techniques. For Wilson, Hutchinson & Hurley (2017),… Continue Reading...

Poem Analysis the Very End by Tom Sleigh

be that the grandmother was an avid reader of literature, with an apparent focus on non-fiction such as history and psychology. Another rather telling reference is the concurrent use of the words “gloved” and “threatening”. This would seem to indicate that his grandmother had a warm yet sinister voice or tone (Sleigh). Another obvious theme is the sum total of the historical references. They are all in reference to Rome. The references to Caligula, Nero, the “Roman sun” and the triumvirate are all Roman in their genesis. The historical references and the references to the grandmother come together in… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

confessing, with tremendous implications for law enforcement practice. This article ties in with the body of literature on psychological variables involved in false confessions. It can be used to better inform police policy and practice. Another feature of this article is that the authors differentiate between types of false confession. For example, Forrest, Wadkins & Larson (2006) refer to the role of real or imagined pressure laced during the interrogation, the fact that many people are trying to protect someone else by falsely confessing, and finally, the internalization type, which is investigated in this study. This source directly answers my… Continue Reading...

Coping with Emotional Challenges Among Salespersons

ways of suppressing emotions like the cognitive reappraisal, the expressive suppression is seen widely to be more effective. literature review The process of regulating emotions in an individual involves the person striving to regulate the kind of emotion they display to the people they are with or speaking to as well as the emotions they have within them and at what times to have these emotions. There are other ways of regulating emotions like the cognitive reappraisal method which involves actually reappraising an event and deciding what meaning to assign to the event and consequently the emotions to assign them… Continue Reading...

Why Parents Should Be Liable for Their Children's Bullying

people to bully each other. Therefore, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature to argue that parents should be held responsible to an extent, whether it be financially or legally, for their children who are bullies. An analysis of both sides of this argument is followed by a summary of the research and the rationale in support of holding parents responsible for the children’s bullying behaviors. Background and overview Although there is no universally agreed upon or legal definition for bullying, the definition of bullying provided by the U.S. Department of Education and Centers for Disease Control… Continue Reading...

Patagonia and Sustainability Case Study

state of the company’s sustainability initiatives. Best practices from the literature will be utilized to them make recommendations for how the company can improve, including what metrics it can utilize, and how it should approach sustainability from a marketing perspective. Criteria The current approach to sustainability combines input and output measures. An input measure, for example, is the percentage of organic cotton that the company uses, based on evidence that shows organic cotton is less harmful to the environment than conventional cotton. Programs like Common Threads also reflect an input-based approach, as are the five Rs. These approaches start… Continue Reading...

Race, Ethnicity, Culture, and Disparities in Health Care

affect health outcomes. In conclusion, Egede (2006) argues that these findings are highly relevant and seemingly consistent with existing literature on health care disparities on the basis of race, ethnicity, and culture. However, similar to other studies, these three studies have some limitations including the failure to examine the role of socioeconomic factors in health disparities, assumption that race is a valid biological construct, and lack of appropriate definitions of ethnicity and culture. Despite these limitations, these three studies highlight the sources and contributing factors of disparities in health care delivery and quality based on race, ethnicity, and culture. While… Continue Reading...

San Diego Police Departments Literature Review

Annotated literature Review Carlitz, R. (2013). Improving transparency and accountability in the budget process: An assessment of recent initiatives. Development Policy Review, 31(1), S49-S67. The author of this article is a political science professor at the University of California, an exemplification of his mastery and knowledge of the subject. The article emphasizes the importance of transparency and accountability in the budget process. With reference to empirical literature, the author points out that though there is no universally accepted methodology for ensuring transparency… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

writing. The annotated bibliographies encourage me to summarize the literature, determine the strength or credibility of the research methods, and think critically about how that research applies to my own work. The topic I am considering for my annotated bibliography is criminal psychology. Criminal psychology addresses the psychological motivations for committing crime, including personality theories and theories that take into account biological, social, and environmental risk factors. Because I do not yet know what specific area to research, I will start with three general sources about criminal psychology. The following is my preliminary annotated bibliography on criminal psychology. Annotated… Continue Reading...

Developing Financial Benchmarks for Critical Access Hospitals

to good are not constantly taken into account in the financial literature (Pink et al., 2009). Notably, critical access hospitals account for just about 80 percent of all small rural hospitals as well as more than 60 percent of all hospitals situated in rural areas. It has been established that benchmarks are suitable but is largely challenging to incessantly perform better than benchmark on more than one particular indicator. The inference of this is that it is difficult to produce high returns, bank considerable cash, have minimal debt in the capital structure, and accomplish low expenses in relation to… Continue Reading...

Role Of Depression and Medication

However, Tang et al. (2014) indicate that a great deal of literature in this topic takes into account the dynamic that exists between depression and medication adherence in the area of chronic illnesses. On the basis of 31 research studies that spun more than 18,000 participants, majority of the meta-analysis established that individuals experiencing depression had a greater likelihood of approximately 1.76 to 3.03 times of being non-adherent to the treatment plan in comparison to individuals who were not depressed. Moreover, knowledge in the area shows that enhancement in the depression rankings or scores had a positive correlation with… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Neo Freudianism

the mid-life crisis (Weaver, 2009) When taken as a whole, literature on psychotherapy shows how theory and practice evolve over time in reaction to scientific research and other issues like changing values and norms. Psychotherapy remains a critical intervention because it promotes self-awareness. In fact, one of the most salient themes in the literature is self-awareness, as a primary goal of psychotherapy. Self-awareness is sparked by self-reflection, which is dependent on the therapeutic relationship. Moreover, self-awareness can lead to self-realization and self-actualization, which can mitigate the problems associated with a mid-life crisis. While mid-life crisis is only one example of… Continue Reading...

The Influence Of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns

(Cairney, 2000). As poets and playwrights, both Shakespeare and Burns have substantially influenced English literature and language as well as the British national identity. How did they come to acquire this status? This question constitutes the focus of this paper. The paper specifically demonstrates how Shakespeare and Burns became national bards, and their influence on English, Scottish, and British national identity. William Shakespeare: A Brief Account of His Life and Work Shakespeare was born and grew up in Warwickshire’s market town of Stratford-upon-Avon. As much of Shakespeare’s personal life remains a mystery, it is not known exactly when he… Continue Reading...

Other Cultures Xenophobia and Understanding

Understanding other cultures also adds value to the world, through shared arts, music, and literature. Not understanding other cultures is like eating the same thing again and again, day after day. Finally, understanding other cultures promotes peace. Understanding other cultures makes it less likely to discriminate in practice or indirectly, as with institutionalized racism. Cultures can teach each other how to build bridges and harmonize, reaching mutually beneficial solutions rather than resorting to blaming and violence. The underlying function of racist regimes, policies, or worldviews is to perpetuate violence. Understanding other cultures makes it less likely that the younger… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

have been suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams as the language of the unconscious mind, and the development of ego defense mechanisms as psychological coping mechanisms. Dream analysis is one of the hallmarks of Freudian theory and central to psychoanalysis. In this article, Hebbrecht (2013) presents several case studies from clinical practice to illustrate some of the ways dream recollection can be stimulated during therapy, and how dreams can be used to unlock the unconscious… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

is appropriate for all situations with regards to empowering followers.  As demonstrated in existing literature, this is primarily because of the differences in follower attributes and need for autonomy.  This means that empowering leadership behaviors toward follower should be determined based on followers’ characteristics.   In hypothesis development the researchers define self-leadership as self-influence and self-control of behaviors.  They also define empowering leadership as behaviors and actions undertaken by leaders to encourage followers to take initiative and manage/control their behaviors.  It is clear that self-leadership and empowering leadership are connected because empowering leadership is a crucial component towards self-leadership.… Continue Reading...

Technology in Paralympic Games Article Review

The researcher does an in-depth analysis of the peer-reviewed literature on technologies available for use by Paralympic athletes to be able to compete well. Moreover, the researcher uses personal observations of technological developments at the Athens (2004) and Beijing (2008) Paralympic games. The observations and discussions on the use of technologies are carried on Paralympic athletes that took part in the 2004 and 2008 Paralympic games in Athens and Beijing respectively (Burkett, 2010). The null hypothesis stated that the technology used in Paralympic games had no impact on the performance of Paralympic athletes. However, alternative hypothesis stated that technology… Continue Reading...

Achieving Tenure for Professors

methodologies to elucidate the answers to these questions. Firstly, they conduct an extensive literature review to ascertain the findings of previous research on this subject. Next, the authors employ “a self study that presents the experiences of four faculty of color navigating the tenure process in a predominately white Research Institution” (Diggs et al, 2009, p. 313). Significantly, this study and the research it entails is underpinned by Critical Race Theory. Although this theory encompasses a number of different facets, the most significant one to the article is that racism is institutionalized and considered normal in the United States… Continue Reading...

Vocational Skills Vs Liberal Arts Skills

contributes to success and innovation as shown in existing literature. The presentation of these four reasons will be presented beginning with less compelling to the most compelling reason. In this regard, the first reason will be that liberal arts enable students/graduates to be well-rounded with regards to balancing academics and wide range of liberal arts skills. The second reason is that liberal arts enable students to achieve success and innovation in their work. The third reason is that liberal arts enables graduates to possess most valuable attributes that employers are looking for beyond their academic qualifications. Finally, liberal arts… Continue Reading...

Recruitment Problem at Rtmm Inc

approach, various options for enhancing job acceptance rates were considered based on existing literature and data on best recruitment strategies. As shown in existing research, the best way to address the firm’s current recruitment problems is to ensure that the job offers meet industry standards and ensure the recruitment process is candidate-driven. By ensuring that industry standards are the basis for the job offers, the company will effectively avoid losing qualified candidates to its competitors. Additionally, the use of a candidate-driven recruitment strategy helps in ensuring that qualified candidates understand the company and its value proposition, which addresses the… Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

people at Central Michigan University, 2018). To determine the facts about the Parkland shootings, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a description of the horrific events that occurred at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, a description of the confessed shooter, the failure by FBI to investigate, the failure of deputies to enter the building, what types of gun was used, and how Americans can prevent atrocities like this from recurring in the future. Finally, a summary of the research and key findings concerning the Parkland shootings and their implications for the future of American gun ownership… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

between functional and social diversity in organizations. They begin with the premise that the existing literature does not adequately explore the differences between these two types of diversity. So the first issue that they raise is with respect to solidifying a definition for the two concepts. In this way, the basic concept is to examine the existing studies to "identify areas of improvement (that) could be made in the existing literature regarding the discussion of diversity in order to improve its impact on the expected organizational outcomes." The start by breaking down the perspectives on diversity into the information… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

post-task, and in-exercise performance. Here, the research aim was reviewing literature on music’s key impacts on performance, potential mechanisms, and novel insights into the subject. The technique involved searching, choosing and stratifying original papers from key databases (including Medline, Scopus, Scielo, Sport Discuss, and Web of Science) by utilizing ‘music’, ‘performance’, ‘exercise’ and ‘fatigue’ as descriptors. Every form and model of music and exercise was taken into account. The essays indicate that music in the form of an ergogenic support may prove effective in enhancing performance; lowering perceived exertion rates; and generating more positive attitudes towards exercise, based on… Continue Reading...

Thematic Analysis the Things They Carried and Slaughterhouse Five

2015. Park, Byungjoo. “Kurt Vonnegut’s Slaughterhouse-Five: Postmodern Narrative and History Rewriting.” The Jungang Journal of English Language and literature, vol. 56, no. 4, 2014, pp. 135–151. Ruff, John. “The Good News (and Who’s Listening) in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried.” Expositions, vol. 3, no. 2, 2013, pp. 41–56. Vonnegut, Kurt. Slaughterhouse-Five, or, The children crusade: a duty-Dance with death. Dell Pub., 2008. Won, Chul. “Slaughterhouse-Five: The World and the Subjectivity.” The New Korean Journal of English Language & literature, vol. 50, no. 2, 2010, pp. 95–111.   Continue Reading...

Suicide Among Psychiatric Patients

assessments of suicidal ideation. Keywords The following keywords that can be used for conducting a literature search include: major depressive disorder, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, DSM-V, suicidal behavior, suicide, suicidal ideation, mindfulness, mindfulness meditation, meditation, suicide risk, and psychiatric patients. References Appleby, L. (1992). Suicide in psychiatric patients. British Journal of Psychiatry 1992(161): 749-758. Jacobs, D.G., Baldessarini, R.J., Conwell, Y., et al (2010). Practice guideline for the assessment and treatment of patients with suicidal behaviors. https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/suicide.pdf Sakinofsky, I. (2014). Preventing suicide among inpatients. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 59(3): 131-140. Sarzetto, A., Delmonte, D., Seghi, F. et al (2017). Suicide in depressed… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles in Traditional East Asia

have very little information regarding women at work or in public spaces (Yasuko, p.99). Actually, there is very limited literature or documentation of female commoners at work in comparison to documentation on aristocratic women who worked in palaces in traditional East Asia. In cases where women had public roles in villages, such roles were restricted in some considerable ways. For example, women’s names did not appear in the payment rosters for shrine land, which was the collective land for the community (Yasuko, p.115). In cases where women contributed financially to the accumulation of shrine land, their contributions were not… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shortages

sub-question is: Is more education the solution to staffing shortages in nursing? Review of literature According to the study by Baydoun et al. (2016), staffing shortages disrupt health care service and make it harder for providers to offer the kind of quality care to patients that patients expect and require. The more frequently that nurses call in sick or do not show up for work, the more costly it is, ultimately, for the organization that employs them. Not only does the organization have to find a way to cover the shift, sometimes by paying other nurses overtime to stay and… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

regulation and a decrease in emotional reactivity and psychological symptoms. Inconsistencies and contradictions in the literature, and possible explanations for inconsistencies Zgierska and coworkers (2009) reveals a lack of conclusive information linked to mindfulness meditation as addiction therapy. But the preliminary proofs suggest mindfulness meditation’s effectiveness. Clinical trials in the future need to have a sufficiently large sample size for successfully answering a given clinical issue. Furthermore, they need to encompass thoroughly-designed comparison clusters for allowing evaluation of mindfulness meditation’s means of action as well as impact size. Williams and Crane (2010) indicate that people exhibiting superior cognitive reactivity, depressive… Continue Reading...

Computer Assisted Instruction in Education

and self-directed learning could facilitate the building of leadership skills and character education. The literature on the subject also supports this idea: Ybarra and Green (2003) show that students enjoy computer-based activities I nteh classroom. Keengwe and Hussein (2014) likewise show that CAI helps students to devote more time to practice lessons, increases their motivation, and provides access to more authentic materials. Cassady, Smith and Thomas (2017) report that students who use CAI increase their vocabulary and text comprehension over students who do not use CAI. Additionally, Alvarez-Marinelli, Blanco, Lara-Alecio et al. (2016) demonstrated in their 25-week longitudinal study… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

Arthur Koestler is the term extraordinary. Koestler would author scores of works of literature, including one relatively early on in his career which enable him to remain financially secure for the rest of his life (Menand). He was also a Jewish person who lived through both World Wars and endured firsthand persecution during the Spanish Civil War--an event which helped presage the Second World War. A man of both political and religious conviction, Koestler remained active on both fronts for the duration of his life. Moreover, his early literary success and activism rendered him a celebrity for the vast… Continue Reading...

Mitigating Burnout with Leadership

and reduce burnout in urban academic centers”. This piece of literature deconstructs several eminent facets of burnout syndrome within the context of the healthcare industry and its manifestations among various forms of trauma care providers. Specifically, the author examines this phenomenon in relation to nurses, surgeons, residents, and advanced practice providers. The article concludes with a number of interventions directed towards the individual and organizational levels. Key Points Analysis The most pivotal point the author makes is that burnout syndrome produces an inordinately noxious affect upon those who are susceptible to its symptoms. Moreover, she indicates that those working… Continue Reading...

Is Nursing Theory Important to Profession

– excellent in person-centered care – can be achieved,” (p. 439). Although theory generation and support in academic literature can seem daunting to nurses, it is always important to keep in mind the ways theory helps frame paradigms of nursing practice. References McEwen, M. & Wills, E.M. (2017). Theoretical Basis for Nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Mikkonen, K., Kyngas, H. & Kääriäinen, M. (2015). Nursing students’ experiences of empathy of their teachers. Advances in Health Sciences Education 20(3): 669-682. Scully, N.J. (2015). Leadership in nursing. Collegian 22(4): 439-444. Continue Reading...

Adoption Of New Technology

new technology in particular. Structural inertia has long been studied in organizational change literature – people become accustomed to doing things a certain way, they have fallen into routines, and many people really do not like being broken out of their comfort zones (Hannan & Freeman, 1984). This phenomenon can be observed on the macro level, but it will also manifest on the micro level, with respect to individual changes that are non-structural in nature. A good example is the rolling out of new technology. There are a few things that a nurse leader can do to ensure that… Continue Reading...

Adidas Market Entry

making a market entry decision. The competitive landscape is also relevant, just not as much as in the developed world. literature Review The main approach by which Adidas' decisions will be evaluated will be the transnational approach. At its heart, this approach reflects a company that operates across borders – one that is not quite fully global, but is sufficiently global that it has in many respects lost its tether to the home country (Johns, 1993-1994). Whether or not Adidas fits this description is a matter for debate. Internally, how it is run, Adidas is still very much a Germany… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Mission Vision and Values

Executive Summary Coca-Cola's mission, vision and values are analyzed, against the literature outlining what the best practices for these things are. Coca-Cola's mission statement has three parts, only one of which says something meaningful; the other two state the obvious. The vision statement contains no vision, does not meet the criteria of a high quality vision statement, and needs to be replaced in its entirety. The values statements are superficial; taken at face value they express nothing wrong, but they also add no real value because of their superficiality. Recommendations for improving or replacing… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

workers. Their role in transforming, serving, and guiding workers is well established in the literature (Den, Deanne & Belschak, 2012). Likewise, the structure of the organization may be a good place to start—especially if the structure is disordered, not unified, or lacking in cohesion. Seeing how each of these variables may contribute to the understanding of organizational behavior is important. The Hawthorne Effect There are also some pitfalls to be avoided when monitoring organizational behavior to enhance healthcare efficiency. The Hawthorne Effect, for example, is defined as a modification in employee behavior that occurs when workers know they are… Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

on three of the articles you have chosen for the literature review assignment. How will these articles help you proceed from here? A. Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life's domains  This article outlines self-determination theory’s (SDT’s) key elements and analyzes fundamental as well as applied studies, discussing motivation differentiation (extrinsic and intrinsic) with respect to SDT. It offers a comprehensive explanation of SDT, with controlled and independent motivations making up the major, overall distinction. Motivation kind is typically of greater significance as compared to degree of motivation when it comes to the prediction of key life results.… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

as well as long- run negative impacts. Risk factor determination forms the main solution to preventing it. While scant literature on childhood obesity risk factors can be found, experts are becoming increasingly aware of the significance of early life settings. However, hardly any risk factor identified is proven; most are only potential (Reilly et al. 2005). Aim This research work intends to determine and quantify obesity-related risk factors in case of seven-year-olds enrolled in ALSPAC (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children). It deals with a huge current cohort wherein confounding factors are taken into consideration and likely risk… Continue Reading...

Closing the Achievement Gap

getting larger and harder to manage. The interventions that were sought and found for this literature review were found in academic databases such as EBSCO. As one might expect, “achievement gap” and other similar search strings were the parameters used to find the results. Generally speaking, the use of targeted interventions that address the root of the problem at the cultural and economic levels are what it takes to stem the problems in question. While there are no easy or simple answers when it comes to the achievement gap, the hard questions and answers will have to come to… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

in the workplace and the collective commitment to reaching organizational goals, according to prior literature. Bakker (2015) builds on prior literature in the areas of personality diversity and organizational objectives. This article first outlines various theories of organizational psychology including job demands-resources theory, which shows how top-level management decisions can mitigate the detrimental effects of personality diversity on organizational commitment. At the same time, employee commitment can positively enhance team cohesion and the ability for teams to achieve their own and the organization’s main goals. Job crafting, the bottom-up, employee-driven behaviors, are linked with reduced stress, reduced rates of… Continue Reading...

Childhood Obesity Prevention

health matters affecting them and their dietary habits hence these two groups form the core focus of the literature herein. Significant data for parents Studies have it that some parts of the US post two-thirds of the residents as being either obese or overweight. The numbers are so massive hence a practical challenge to hospitals that needs to handle this massive number of obese people, the parents and the community stakeholders too feel the burden of obesity in the American society today. Over the last three decades, many states have been recording ever rising trends in the obesity cases.… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

generating a clinical setting that diminishes risk such as mindfulness meditation. Summary of literature Review The mindfulness meditation theory is deemed to the most prospective one in treating addictive disorder patients. The safety of these models is guaranteed if carried out in the framework of clinical studies. In recent periods, associated interventions together with practices in the role of corresponding clinical aid for the treatment of several mental and physical sicknesses have become more popular. In particular, two of the practices that have been analyzed include the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) having all-encompassing participants demonstrating… Continue Reading...

Mongols History

2018). He published many articles and academic books especially in literature and history. His worked is revered for the unique style and scholarship value. Most of his publications relate to Persia (Present day Iran) with respect to Persian literature or history. Iranians widely accepted his work despite the fact that Iran was very suspicious of foreigners. His work is respected in Persia even having one of the Tehran streets named after him. Bibliography Asian Topics in World History | Columbia University. The Mongols in World History. Retrieved 31, January, 2018 from http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/mongols/main/transcript.pdf Browne, E. G. (1959). A literary history of… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

not a new one: As noted by Conti (2015) “….what the scientific literature has found—almost universally—is that there is a very small but statistically significant correlation between consumption of violent media and raises in level of aggression” (par. 6). The fact that there is a link between observing violence and committing violence, no matter how small, raises alarms about covering graphic, violent incidents, including serial killer’s murder sprees. There are documented incidents of disturbed individuals replicating the actions of such killers, based on their obsessive reading of media reports (Conti 2015). Just as copycat suicides are an accepted phenomenon,… Continue Reading...

Sex and Gender in Media

became about gender as well. The problem is that mainstream feminist literature has done nothing to acknowledge “black female spectatorship” nor does it “even consider the possibility that women can construct an oppositional gaze via an understanding and awareness of the politics of race and racism” (p. 123). The gaze is not a one-way street but rather the means by which a two-way flow of communication is possible. In “Analyzing Gender in Media Texts,” we are exposed to different theories and approaches to analyzing gender in various texts. We learn about content analysis, semiotics, ideological critique, discourse analysis and… Continue Reading...

Women Coming Of Age in the 50s and 60s

World War II ended. However, they are not monolithic or too much alike in nature. It is important that literature explore the human condition and what drives people to act and behave as they do. Of course, nobody lives or behaves in a vacuum. Despite what some people might suggest, what a given person does can affect the behaviors and reactions of others and/or the same thing can happen in reverse. Analysis The first reading and topic is one that tends to be explosive and controversial. Indeed, that would be sex and how teenagers handle the same. The treatise… Continue Reading...

Confronting the Problem Of Truancy

solving the problem has been vexing for many educators. This paper will offer a literature review of different previous researchers’ perceptions of the issue in different contexts, the data they used, and the solutions they derived as a result of this data. According to Kenneth Reid’s 2003 article “The Search for Solutions to Truancy and Other Forms of School Absence,” truancy is a significant factor in dropping out for many students. Reid’s article specifically focuses on the United Kingdom where nearly 35% of students leave school without any formal qualification, despite punitive efforts by the government such as increasing… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

adjustments both in the short-run and in the long-run. The literature on the subject of the effect of migration on the labour market has been contentious and disputed (Home Report, 2014). The purpose of this paper is to consider the prevailing evidence on the displacement in the job market owing to net migration on the citizens in the UK to provide a more comprehensible understanding on the verdicts in this topic. Positive Impacts of Immigration Impact of Immigration on Wage and Employment In spite of the aforementioned negative aspects of immigration on the UK job market, there are positive… Continue Reading...

Personal Leadership Development Plan

volunteering for committees, and applying myself to the study of various scholarly literature on leadership in the healthcare community. By orienting myself in a formal manner towards the pursuit of leadership qualities, I can build on my strengths and overcome the obstacles that keep me deficient in areas where I am weakest. My plan will allow me to identify areas where I can take advantage of my best qualities and use them to drive myself to improve my weaknesses through study, practice, and participation. Enrolling in a university and building upon my degree with extra certificates of achievement and… Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

Revolution. The Industrial Revolution also changed social norms. Dickens’s A Christmas Carol is only one example of how the literature of the Victorian era reflected trends towards socialist ethics. The proletariat, the working classes, became more keenly aware of how the owners of the means of production were exploiting their labor by placing arbitrary values on their wages. Nowhere was the philosophy of socialism and communism explained more cogently and rationally than in The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels had their finger on the pulse of the social, cultural, and political revolutions taking place throughout Europe. Marx viewed the changes… Continue Reading...

Virtual Team Theories and Research

contrast would be how the data is presented in the two articles. The Brown article is basically a literature review that makes use of a slew of references and correlations with other research. There is a figure or two within this narrative and review. However, direct verbiage and assembly of different data points is the norm in the Brown article. The Krumm article is much more scientific in nature. It also relies on much more tables, data summaries and so forth. Like the Brown article, there is a literature review. However, something that is very unique about the Krumm… Continue Reading...

Ee Cummings Modernist Poet

Modernist literature refers to a literary period from the first half of the 20th century, one that reacted to the external influences of an increasingly industrialized society, and one that was becoming more and more globalized. This was a population of people who had been hardened and drained by two world wars. This was a population of people who were pondering the future of humanity, human existence, the human condition and their place in the world. When compared to the romantic period, modernism appears edgier and less serene. The romantic period… Continue Reading...

Allyship Community Education and Leadership

and practices in place to better respond to minimize or mitigate conflict. Based on prior literature, the conflict resolution strategies educators can adopt include defining desired outcomes, trusting in the process, and identifying guiding principles. Many of the twenty suggestions offered in this article overlap with one another, and thus can be distilled into a more simplified framework that educational leaders and administrators can use to manage conflict in their schools. Violence is often the end result or final phase of a conflict, meaning that educators who are more tuned into the precursors of violence and able to recognize… Continue Reading...

Competencies Scope Of Practice and Standards Of Practice for Nurse Administrators

of practice for this profession in recent years. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to identify the scope and standards for nursing administrators, followed by a description of the profession’s general characteristics. Finally, a summary of the research together with two insights that were learned from this assignment concludes the paper Section 2. Identification of the scope and standards of a nurse administrator Although every nurse administrator position is unique in some way with respect to scope, they all typically follow the 17 competency-based standards of practice set forth in the American Nursing Association’s (ANA’s) text,… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

personal well-being, as well as in how mindfulness can also help me perform better as a nurse. The literature on mindfulness does suggest that practices like meditation, insight, and conscious awareness do yield important, meaningful results for social, psychological, and physical health. Physical Goals Two physical goals to maintain mindfulness and balance include yoga and walking. Yoga is a superior physical practice to cultivate body awareness. Through the practice of yoga, I develop strength and balance while also learning my body’s limits and pushing beyond them in a gentle, mindful way. Walking is something that can easily become mindless,… Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

as in how mindfulness can also help me perform better as a nurse. The literature on mindfulness does suggest that practices like meditation, insight, and conscious awareness do yield important, meaningful results for social, psychological, and physical health. Physical Goals Two physical goals to maintain mindfulness and balance include yoga and walking. Yoga is a superior physical practice to cultivate body awareness. Through the practice of yoga, I develop strength and balance while also learning my body’s limits and pushing beyond them in a gentle, mindful way. Walking is something that can easily become mindless, which is why I… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

of philosophy on Hawaiian ethics and values, and the shift of arts and literature on Hawaiian culture. University organizational culture and structure may also be able to change to reflect Hawaiian values, respecting the need for collaborative leadership and affirmative action. To develop leaders for a Hawaiian place of learning, leaders need access to structures, institutions, and cultures that are meaningful to them and which enable them to put their ideas into action. The organizational culture can change to better reflect Hawaiian knowledge and ‘Ike Hawaii, thereby preventing emerging indigenous leaders from being discouraged, from being shut out of… Continue Reading...

Sepsis

a more powerful impact on patient wellness than physicians. This paper will review all relevant literature connected to sepsis guidelines, and seek to determine what needs to more aggressively change in the medical community in order to drastically minimize the rate of occurrence. Considerations Most healthcare professionals are aware of the benefit of educational programs and interventions like the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (Rhodes et al., 2016). Campaigns like the Surviving Sepsis Guidelines offer just under 100 suggestions on the immediate management and resuscitation of patients with sepsis or septic shock; from this group the strongest recommendations were selected for… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Senior Manager in Eldercare

specific patient outcomes or budgetary outcomes. Parand, Dopson, Renz, et al (2016) conducted a systematic review of literature and found “evidence that managers’ time spent and work can influence quality and safety clinical outcomes, processes and performance,” (p. 1). Therefore, senior managers should spend additional time with staff to cultivate the core competencies in key areas including the implementation of new technologies, new guidelines for best clinical practices, renovations to the structure, or methods of attracting new clients. Departmentalization, Delegation, and Work Functions One of the main functions of the senior manager in the eldercare organization is the creation… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

Asif, R. (2015). Organizational Conflict and Conflict Management: A Synthesis of literature. Journal of Business and management Research, 9, 238-244. Currie et al. (2016). The Management of Workplace Conflict: Contrasting Pathways in the HRM literature. International Journal of Management Reviews. Retrieved from https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/100637667/management_of_workplace.pdf Frost, S. (2018). What are the Benefits of Good Conflict Resolution Skills? Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-good-conflict-resolution-skills-37268.html Huan, L.J. & Yazdanifard, R. (2012). The Difference of Conflict Management Styles and Conflict Resolution in Workplace. Business & Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1), 141-155. Lawless, J. & Trif, A. (2016, August 23). Managing Interpersonal Conflicts at Work by Line… Continue Reading...

Role Of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications

consist of a systematic review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature concerning the effectiveness of the use of social media platforms in general and the use of interactive elements in these online offerings in particular to communicate CSR initiatives to stakeholders. The quantitative part of the mixed method will consist of the administration of a custom survey to a group of real-world business practitioners with responsibilities for creating, maintaining and responding to social media content for their organizations as described below. 3.1 Participants and study design. In an effort to develop a broad-based analysis that can be used… Continue Reading...

Fake News Essay

the National Reporter that specialize in publishing fake news reports. This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a definition of fake news, its potential impact and recent responses to this phenomenon. Finally, the paper provides a summary of the research and important findings concerning fake news in the conclusion. Introduction Although so-called “fake news” has been around as long as humankind in the form of rumors, gossip and innuendos, the phenomenon has become increasingly commonplace in recent years due in large part to the widespread use of social media platforms and the emergence sources such as National Report… Continue Reading...

Black Lives Matter Essay

this movement, this paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning the Black Lives Matter movement to provide an overview of the organization and what initiatives it has undertaken to promote its causes. Finally, a discussion concerning the implications of the Black Lives Matter movement for the future is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Black Lives Matters movement in the conclusion. Keywords:  [h3]Black Lives Matter, racism, Trayvon Martin Outline: I.  Introduction II.  Body:      a.  Overview of the Black Lives Matter movement      b.  Initiatives by the Black Lives… Continue Reading...

Obamacare Essay

its individual mandate provisions (Key features of the Act, 2016). To determine the facts, this paper reviews the literature to identify the main arguments for and against the Act, and how analysts view the proposed ObamaCare Lite as a replacement. Finally, a summary of the research and the important findings that emerged from this review are presented in the conclusion. Background and overview The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as “ObamaCare,” was passed by the U.S. Congress on March 23, 2010 in a response to a wide range of systemic problems that have plagued the… Continue Reading...

Brexit Essay

determine what has happened and what the future holds for the UK, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a brief overview of the Brexit referendum followed by recent events that have followed its approval by UK voters. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the future for the UK and the EU are provided in the conclusion. Background and Overview When the results of the Brexit vote became known on June 23, 2016, the reaction on the part of UK voters and the EU was first a mixture of shock, dismay, fear and even… Continue Reading...

2016 Presidential Election Essay

of observers based on his erratic and hate-filled speeches. This essay on the 2016 U.S. Presidential election reviews the literature to provide brief biographies of these presidential candidates followed by an analysis of recent trends that have influenced voter reactions to date. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the 2016 presidential election are provided in the conclusion. The 2016 U.S. Presidential Election:  Crooked Versus Crazy? When the Founding Fathers wrote Article II of the U.S. Constitution which stipulates that the president will be elected every 4 years, they also included specific criteria for eligibility including being… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Essay

adverse impact on the economy. Thesis Statement This essay reviews the relevant literature to identify the arguments for and against anthropogenic sources as the primary cause of global warming, a discussion and critical analysis of these arguments and a summary of the research and important findings concerning the causes of global warming in the conclusion. Arguments implicating anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming The straightforward definition of global warming provided by the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) states that, “Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history [and] the… Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

a threat to cultural identity of these foreign countries. American-based television, movies, music and literature are viewed worldwide. These often indoctrinate cultures into thinking the American way is the way to success and prosperity” (Sundby, 2018). The dominance of American way of life on the world stage, is a drawback of globalization as it can stifle and suffocate so many other cultural viewpoints. A Pew research study conducted in 2007 and which interviewed 47 nations found that 46 of them asserted that their traditional way of life was being erased (Sundby, 2018). Supporters of globalization argue that cultures of… Continue Reading...

Bartleby the Scrivener Analysis Essay

wheels that make this short story a piece of eternal literature. Eternal literature transcends the constraints of time and relatability, touching upon themes and symbols that are indelible to human existence. This paper summarizes the major events of the short story, briefly addresses the main characters, and examines the more predominant themes. Introduction Bartleby, the Scrivener by Herman Melville is one of his most elusive and compelling short-stories, one that most critics deem to be his ultimate masterpiece. One of the main reasons that critics herald it as such a masterpiece is because it can be interpreted in so… Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

student to examine one of the most revered works of 20th century American literature. Exploring this novel means being prepared to confront some of the darker days of American history, such as the extreme racism of the Jim Crow era and the economic despondency of the Great Depression. This novel is so much more than just a slice of life for Southern America in the 1930s. Rather, the novel explores lofty and complex ideologies such as justice, morality, equality, human dignity and compassion. Given the heaviness of so many of the themes, it’s no wonder that the novel is… Continue Reading...

Intimate Relationships in Britain

with respect to intimacy alter and transform: the self indulges in self-help literature to try to understand the point or aim of intimacy, seeking answers to questions, such as, “Is intimacy supposed to satisfy a desire within me?” or, “Is there another purpose to intimacy than what I am gleaning from my self-monitoring of society and shifting cultural values?” Giddens (1992) provides the example of the “rule book, drawn up in a self-help manual aimed at helping women to develop more satisfying heterosexual relationships” as an indicator of the problematic approaches to intimacy that the safe faces in the… Continue Reading...

Ethics Of Not Using Evidence Based Practice

to research things diligently (Fawcett, et al, 2001) It\\\\\\'s not supported by the literature on education; it\\\\\\'s just somebody\\\\\\'s opinion, driven more by what they want to be true than what has been proven to be true. The scientific method is difficult; that nurse scholars struggle with it because historically it hasn\\\\\\'t been central to the study of nursing is understandable, but what is difficulty if not an opportunity for improvement? If you really want to help people, you have to use the best methods of learning possible, do the things that have the strongest support in evidence. Anything… Continue Reading...

Implications Of Augmented Reality

The Future." The Interaction Design Foundation. The Interaction Design Foundation, 2017. Web. 06 Apr. 2018. <https://www.interaction-design.org/ literature/article/augmented-reality-the-past-the-present-and-the-future>.  Singh, Neil. "Current State of Augmented Reality (AR) Industry Tech in 2018." VU Dream. VU Dream, 09 Feb. 2018. Web. 06 Apr. 2018. <http://www.vudream.com/current-state-augmented-reality-ar-industry-tech-2018/>.  Thomas, Blessin. "Current State of Augmented Reality And How It Can Influence Mobile App Development." LinkedIn. LinkedIn, 07 Nov. 2017. Web. 06 Apr. 2018. <https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/current-state-augmented-reality-how-can-influence-mobile-thomas>.  Wu, Hsin-Kai, Silvia W. Lee, Hsin-Yi Chang, and Jyh-Chong Liang. "Current Status, Opportunities and Challenges of Augmented Reality in Education." Computers & Education 62 (2013): 41-49. Print.  Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

document, but in fact it is also a precursor of Romanticism in literature and a clear exhibition of neoclassicism, too. Romanticism is in fact defined by its revival of classical Greco-Roman themes, which emerge just as much in the arts as in political culture. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson is both neoclassical and Romantic in its idealism. The document is grounded on the belief that “these truths are self-evident,” and based on the “Laws of Nature.” Jefferson even refers to “Nature’s God,” to suggest that the impetus for American self-governance—the democratic principle--is part of God’s plan. The Declaration… Continue Reading...

Effective Communication Letter Of Advice

skill (Chapter 2, p. 12). Knowledge comes from reading letters like these and the social science literature that it is based on, so that your communications strategies are based on evidence. Motivation comes from your earnest desire to resolve the conflict, rather than clinging to the desire to be right. Skill comes from practice, which you hone over time. Effective conflict resolution may occasionally involve active engagement of social resources outside of your dyad. You may need to speak to a good friend, a family member, or a therapist, to gain insight and awareness or an objective point of… Continue Reading...

Romantic Era Poems and Literature

Coleridge describes is reminiscent of Hades. The entire poem evolves as a dreamscape, also a common element in Romantic literature. The poet even admits to the entire “vision,” romanticizing the “damsel with a dulcimer” in the third and final stanza. Juxtaposing fire and ice, Coleridge refers to the “milk of Paradise,” again using imagery that is filled with binaries and duality as well as sexuality. 2. The poetic imagination is what makes Coleridge’s poem “Kubla Khan” timeless and evocative. The poet takes a historical figure, the Kubla Khan, and transforms him into a mythical creature who created a timeless fantasy… Continue Reading...

The Great Gatsby Essay

qualities make it the great American novel. While scholars of American literature are always going to argue, the reality is that The Great Gatsby really fits the title of the “great American novel” because it covers so many themes that correspond to the development of the nation, and offers a richer story of experiences. The novel discusses class, war, entrepreneurship, transformation, the American dream, youth beauty, young love—all set in one of the most preeminent cities in America—New York. It is simply a richer story, and rather than focusing on one aspect of America’s development—such as racism, justice, or… Continue Reading...

American Television Sitcoms Representation Of Asian Women

stereotype of the demure yet hyper-sexualized geisha and the desexualized “nerdy” positive stereotype of the Asian American as modern minority. literature Review While there are many different stereotypes of Asian-Americans in popular culture, all have largely filtered through a white, male gaze. According to a survey of different Asian American roles on television by The Guardian, one actor trained at Yale School of Drama, when auditioning for roles after graduation, was told he needed to use an “Asian accent” that reflected how Asians were supposed to sound, not how immigrants would actually speak from different Asian nations (Levin). Given that… Continue Reading...

Pearl Buck and Rudyard Kipling

a lowly position as an orphan in India. Conclusion The fascination with the East that exists in British and American literature allowed authors like Buck and Kipling to explore the everyday issues and problems of countries like China and India in realistic ways while applying a Western conceit to the arc of the narratives (the unlikely attainment of wealth for Buck’s characters and the attainment of honor and enlightenment for Kiplin’s character). By depicting these worlds realistically but also crafting a narrative that is appealing to the Western reader, both Buck and Kipling were able to successfully convey the everyday problems… Continue Reading...

Guide to Writing in Third Person (2018 Edition)

Adams Stories, 2009). Writing in third person can be found throughout the classics of English and American literature. Above is an excerpt written in the third person by the author who is perhaps a master at writing in the third person—Ernest Hemingway. Known for his simple, declarative sentences, Hemingway made an entire career out of writing only in the third person. This was an effective tactic because it always made the reader feel like a close observer to all his characters experienced. We watched, as if sitting on a chair nearby, as his characters drank, smoked, cursed, hunted elephants or… Continue Reading...

Team Building Through Servant Leadership Philosophy Essay

empower team members, stewardship and possess interpersonal acceptance. After reviewing the literature, Song, Park, and Kang (2015) were convinced that a knowledge gap existed, therefore crucial to conduct the study. 2965 participants were sales representatives within the 77 sales teams used as a sample. The reliable data that was collected was from 1884 survey forms, from 67 teams. The rest were discarded for several reasons. The results indicated a significant relationship existed between the team performance and knowledge-sharing climate after controlling for servant leadership. The hypothesis that claimed that a knowledge-sharing climate offered a mediating effect on the relationship… Continue Reading...

Cause and Effect Essay Example: Climate Change & Hurricanes

it, conferences held about it, and many works of scholarly and not-so-scholarly literature written about it. So let’s take a look at how to turn this subject into the main topic of a cause and effect essay. We’ll start off with a title, give you the hook, underline the thesis, and highlight some important parts for you to consider.  Best of all, we’ll show you how to have fun with your essay.  Let’s go! Outline I.  Intro a. Hook b. Did climate change cause Harvey et al.? c. No—and here’s why. II.  Body a.  Defining terms b.  History c. … Continue Reading...

Literary Analysis Of Speech "we're on Our Way" Essay

is to give the audience an interpretation of the literature. Organization?: 1. Introduction (explore the subject? of your analysis and end with a thesis statement). 2. Body Paragraphs 2-3 (explore the main aspects of your argument); Include topic sentences (the first sentence of the paragraph that states the main idea of the paragraph and its significance) 3. Conclusion (what is the significance of the analysis; avoid restating thesis) MLA Format for Essays?: All formal papers must be submitted using the following format: 1. 12 pt, Times Roman font, double-spaced with one-inch margins; 2. Text is left-justified and title in… Continue Reading...

United States Markets Essay

3, 2016, from https://www.ft.com/content/f80462a0-0c7f-11e1-88c6-00144feabdc0 Degutis, A. & Novickyte, L. (2014). The Efficient Market Hypothesis: A Critical Review of literature and Methodology. Ekonomika, 93(2), 7-23. Retrieved from http://www.zurnalai.vu.lt/files/journals/37/articles/3549/public/7-23.pdf Schuman, M. (2011, April 19). What the U.S. Debt Problem Means for the Global Economy. Time. Retrieved October 3, 2016, from http://business.time.com/2011/04/19/what-americas-debt-problem-means-for-the-global-economy/ Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Eternal Life Essay

And not everyone is interested in "learning a lesson" from literature or film -- some are more fascinated as Ian Malcolm suggests in Jurassic Park with finding out what can be done and not so much with finding out what should be done. The "should" question is the realm of the moralist -- but then what is philosophy (the study of wisdom) without this question of morality? Socrates posed these questions many years ago in ancient Greece and the answers have been recorded by Plato. They served as the foundation of Western thought. The Christian ethos was erected and… Continue Reading...

Special Education and Technology Integration Essay

promote continual development of special education teachers so they can handle the difficulties associated with transitions. Research and literature provide the basis from which these changes can take place. Schools must make decisions based on best practices so training opportunities for special education teachers are not squandered. If public schools' successful technology integration, especially in special education, there may be a higher likelihood of improved inclusion between regular education and special education students. Teachers will also be able to instruct students with tools that provide custom-made curriculum. Technology is the best way to help teachers adopt new ways of teaching… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs. Practice in Small Business Setting Essay

small business to discuss what they do to make things work, what is suggested in theory and scholarly literature and how those frameworks and lessons do or do not work for their particular situation. The author of this report will personally be making a comparison and contrast between what is asserted within the literature and compare it to the feedback and personal experience narrative of the owner/manager. A common refrain seen in the blogosphere and elsewhere is that there is a disconnect between what is suggested in the minds of theorists and within the so-called ivory towers of academia… Continue Reading...

Descriptive Essay Examples to Get You Started

Melville’s Spouter Inn Some of the best descriptive essay examples can be found among the writings of the greatest authors.  Consider a chapter in Moby-Dick by Herman Melville:  every chapter of that book is like a mini-descriptive essay.  Look at the way Melville uses description to create atmospheric effect in the first line of “Chapter 3:  The Spouter Inn” from Moby-Dick:  “Entering that gable-ended Spouter-Inn, you found yourself in a wide, low, straggling entry with old-fashioned wainscots, reminding one of the bulwarks of some condemned old craft.”  Melville uses words like “condemned” to convey a sense of foreboding and doom, and… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

the level of scare tactics as well as being deceptive and misleading. This essay reviews the literature concerning the origins of the pro-life and pro-choice abortion movements including how their marketing methods have been used in an effort to influence public opinion. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about these political movements and their implications for the future of abortion are presented in the conclusion. Definition: Abortion is the termination of a human pregnancy, resulting in the death of an embryo or fetus.  This highly controversial  procedure is normally done within the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.… Continue Reading...

Olympic Games Essay

increasing calls for the construction of permanent homes for the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a brief history of the Olympic Games and to analyze the arguments in support of establishing a permanent home for them, followed by a summary of the research and important findings about the Olympic Games in the conclusion. Permanent Home For The Olympic Games   Introduction On the one hand, the 2016 Summer Olympic Games held in Rio de Janeiro can be regarded as an enormous success, at least for the International Olympic Committee which reaps a… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Organisms Gmo

current efforts to combat GMOs. The discussion section will provide comparative literature refuting the reasons behind those opposing GMOs. Finally, it will close with conclusion. Key Questions 1. What is the role of Monsanto in the GMO campaign? People need to know who the main pushers are for the GMO use in the United States. 2. Why is GMO potentially hazardous to one’s health? The fight against GMO is strong, and one has to wonder why people are so emboldened to go against GMO foods. Research Plan The research plan is a detailed literature review providing background information on… Continue Reading...

The Transition to Renewable Energy

is happening today and likely outcomes for the future, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe how developing countries can reach 100% renewable energy as well as some of the more severe challenges that are involved in providing clean energy in developing regions of the world. In addition, a discussion concerning whether the goal of achieving clean energy access for all humanity by 2030 is achievable or not is followed by an analysis of why China is currently winning the clean energy race. An examination concerning what renewable energy source has the most promise and the social impact… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management Styles Malaysia Vs Usa

A. (2010) Cross cultural conflict resolution styles: An extensive literature review. Asian Journal of Management Research. Retrieved April 14, 2018 from http://www.ipublishing.co.in/ajmrvol1no1/specialedition/AJMRSP1011.pdf Rose, R., Suppiah, W., Uli, J. & Othman, J. (2007) A face concern approach to conflict management – a Malaysian perspective. Journal of Social Sciences. Vol. 2 (4) 121-126.   Continue Reading...

Five Principles Of Management

environment, while the organic model is effective under innovative environmental conditions (Appendix A: A brief history of management, n.d). Inadequate literature on the subject of contingency theory is one limitation of the approach, as the literature gap has resulted in an inadequate description of the various kinds of actions that may be applied to diverse situations. Claiming that management action is situation-dependent doesn’t suffice. The approach very simply suggests that management should act based on a situation’s unique needs. But, practically, this makes things more complicated (Chand, n.d). References Appendix A: A brief history of management. (n.d.) Retrieved April 13,… Continue Reading...

School Bullying Plan

teachers and other staff as advocated for in the Legal Entanglement Plan. literature Review Cornell & Limber (2015) state that bullying in schools is a national epidemic that has contributed to the development of different nationwide initiatives to lessen this problematic behavior among students. These nationwide efforts are adopted on the premise that lessening bullying in schools is part of a wider civil and human rights movement. Recent court cases on student bullying have provided regulatory guidelines through which schools establish anti-bullying policies and strategies. Based on recent Supreme Court decisions, one of the emerging trends that are likely to… Continue Reading...

Gender and Culture in Crime

While women have played a pivotal role in advancing a variety of other disciplines, from literature to business management to psychology and so on, in the field of criminal justice there is a considerable skew towards male dominance of the discipline. For example, as Fahmy and Young (2017) show, more studies on criminal justice are published by men than by women—and women, when they do conduct research and publish academic papers in the field, most often publish with other men. In fact, their “increasing co-authorship has led some to claim that the intellectual contributions of females may be devalued,… Continue Reading...

Catcher in the Rye Essay

The book has done what so few pieces of literature have attempted to do and failed—it has remained relevant to youths everywhere, over half a century after its release. As a result of its celebrated quality, writing an essay on the novel can be daunting. This is because so many of themes and symbols have been picked apart and devoured repeatedly by scholars and critics. However, the better you understand the novel and the major concepts that shape it, the more primed you will be to write the most original and thoughtful essay you are capable of creating. Related… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Of Intellectual Property Rights

maintaining intellectual property rights. Where the work has greater value to humanity – the finer works of literature or film would be included here, along with scholarly research – then denying access to propagate needless wealth runs into stickier ethical ground. If the tool used to free the work for the mass public denies the creator the ability to make a living, and thus causes the creator to discontinue this form of work, there might be a case that creating such a tool is unethical. However, this is an unlikely outcome – on average, such a tool will do… Continue Reading...

The Portrayal Of Asian American Women

the Asian American women that experience it will offer another angle at the bi-cultural identity undertaken by these women. literature Review To begin the literature review is to start with Margaret Cho's All-American Girl. The sitcom was the first to feature an Asian American family prominently. Margaret Cho, a true pioneer in entertainment, had to deal with various obstacles while filming. For example, the image of the slender Asian woman is quite popular and was hard for someone like Cho to contend with due to her full-figure physique. If it was not pressures in maintaining a certain, there was also… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

employees is burgeoning, but there are significant gaps in the literature. Filling those gaps would help organizations create and implement evidence-based practices to ensure the success of the organization, future-proofing it via succession planning. Moreover, organizational practices have yet to keep up with I-O research on developing and retaining high-potential employees. Surveys show that current human resources processes “suffer from subjectivity, bias and disagreements,” (Palshikar, Sahu & Srivastava, 2016, p. 208). On the other hand, research has been increasingly pointing to the need for transparent, formalized processes and procedures that identify high-potential employees and openly cultivate those employees via… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

in Puerto Santa Lucia supports the initiative and is able to participate in the decision-making process. Review of literature To consider making changes to community policy and transforming Puerto Santa Lucia into a Healthy Community, Jones should be made aware of emerging literature and the corpus of nursing research substantiating the efficacy of the proposed changes. For one, changes made to local community infrastructure have a direct and immediate bearing on quality of life in the community as well as global health outcomes. “Land-use and transport policies contribute to worldwide epidemics of injuries and non-communicable diseases through traffic exposure, noise,… Continue Reading...

Levi Company

S. (2017). Sustainable Retailing in the Fashion Industry: A Systematic literature Review. Sustainability, 9(1266), 1-9.   Continue Reading...

The Futurism Movement and Marinetti

others, and why the writer’s work offers significance today. Additionally, there will brief discussion on Marinetti’s view on World literature and his voice within the literary world. Marinetti’s Life Marinetti is considered the founder of the Futurist movement. Futurism was a social and artistic movement originating with Marinetti in Italy in the early 1900’s. With the emphasis on violence, technology, speed, and youth, objects like planes and cars took center stage. What influences led to Marinetti founding such a significant movement? Marinetti was born on the 22nd of December in 1876. (Esposito) He was known as an Italian editor,… Continue Reading...

Shakespeare in Love Gender Communication

view of history and gender, versus a radical, performative view. literature Review: Performative Gender According to Judith Butler, the notion that a body, much less a gendered body, exists, is a “historically mediated expression in the world,” not manifest reality (Butler, 1988, p. 521). This is perhaps nowhere more evident in the manner in which gender was expressed on the stage in Elizabethan times, given that female gender was performed by male actors. Although this seems to be the most radical aspect of gender as performance back in that era, it was also considered radical for non-aristocratic actors to impersonate… Continue Reading...

Four Advantages Of Community Policing

antisocial behavior and disorder (Coquilhat, 2008). References Coquilhat, J. (2008). Community policing: An international literature review. New Zealand Police. Mastrofski, S., (2006) ‘Critic - Community Policing: A Sceptical View’ in Police Innovation: Contemporary Perspectives, ed. D. Weisburd and A. Braga, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, pp 44-73 Segrave, M., and Ratcliffe, J. (2004). Community Policing: A descriptive overview, Australian Institute of Criminology Skogan, W. G. and Steiner, L. (2004). Community policing in Chicago, Year ten. Chicago: llinois Criminal Justice Information Authority. Palmiotto, M. (2000) Community Policing: A Policing Strategy for the 21st Century, Jones and Bartlett Publishers: Boston Continue Reading...

Rounding by Nurses in the Progressive Care Unit

quality care. In this proposal, the main problem and PICOT question to be examined will be identified. A literature review will follow that provides a summary of the relevant literature on the subject of interdisciplinary team work in promoting patient satisfaction. The sample, practice setting and clinical context of the study will be provided; a plan for implementation will follow, and the main points of the paper will be summarized in the conclusion. Identification of Problem The PICOT for this proposal is: For progressive unit patients (P), how does interdisciplinary rounding with patient/family inclusion (I) compared to individual rounding by… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Anthropology Today

included in the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transsexual and queer (LGBTQ) communities. This paper provides a review of the relevant literature concerning these issues, together with support for the guiding hypothesis which is discussed further below. Finally, a summary of the research and key findings concerning the usefulness of anthropology in a globalized society are presented in the conclusion. Review and Analysis For the purpose of this study, the guiding hypothesis would be that the combination of biological as well as environment factors is the more influential factor as opposed to either in isolation in involved in shaping gender roles… Continue Reading...

Why an Essentialist View Of Gender Is Outdated

the exception. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to describe the issue of essentialist versus constructionist views of gender and sexuality and to determine the extent to which these views and modern terminology and perspectives may be useful in evaluating sexuality and gender in the ancient world. Drawing on specific examples and case studies, the paper makes an evidence-based argument that essentialist views of gender and sexuality are inappropriate regardless of the period of history, and constructionist views provide a more accurate picture. Finally, a summary of the research and important… Continue Reading...

Green Plants and Employee Outcomes

views of green spaces have been found to have significant impacts on perceptions of employees regarding job satisfaction. Existing literature has demonstrated that incorporating green design in the workplace is vital towards enhancing employee job satisfaction and outcomes. However, there are concerns regarding the costs and complexities involved in incorporating green design in the workplace. For employees, green design would help improve their overall job satisfaction and outcomes. While employers are also likely to benefit from the impact of green design on workplace productivity, the costs and complexities of incorporating green design can generate operational challenges. In essence, integrating… Continue Reading...

The Economic Costs Of Air Pollution

example of a market failure. The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the relevant literature to explain how air pollution is measured, how expensive damages are along with specific damages, and a discussion concerning how pollution represents a market failure and how it affects the economy in terms of lost worker productivity, additional health care costs and premature deaths. Finally, the paper presents a summary of the research and key findings concerning the foregoing issues in the conclusion. How air pollution is measured The most common method currently in use for measuring air pollution is… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

that the patients can effectively manage their indwelling catheters within or outside the hospital setting. literature Review In Carr (2017), they review CAUTI prevention with a nursing intervention bundle (CAUTI bundle) that all hospitals likely adopt. The bundle would be based on standardized, evidenced based practice and allow for consistent care and maintenance of indwelling catheters.Part of this bundle would include medical record review of those who have an indwelling urinary catheter and daily assessment by nursing and the physician to determine medical necessity the catheter. For those patients with a catheter, Foley care every eight hours and as needed… Continue Reading...

Minimizing Bias and Student Diversity in Assessment

aware of the potential concerns raised about such exams in the literature and how to address them. Needs Assessment According to the mandatory Professional Standards for Educational Leaders (2015), educators must have a strong sense of mission and values, adhere to educational norms, and be responsive to student needs, including needs for diversified instruction and individual assessment. Yet standardized assessment is often an inevitable part of every educator’s required performance objectives. According to Standard 4: “Effective educational leaders develop and support intellectually rigorous and coherent systems of curriculum, instruction, and assessment to promote each student’s academic success and well-being”… Continue Reading...

Online Life Bane or Boon Essay

more authentic about life lived in the moment, but literature, even literature in books is always removed from supposedly “more real” hands-on reality, yet no one would suggest that books, the rise of the mass market press, and other such developments are negatives for the culture or for developing social identities. Yet authors like Turtle and Charles Seife can only see the negative aspects of being able to generate user content online. Admittedly, Seife’s essay “The Loneliness of the Interconnected” does do a good job in illustrating the negative aspects of online connectivity, such as the ability of radical… Continue Reading...

Labeling Gmos Pro or Con Essay

M. et al. “The Influence of Calorie Labeling on Food Orders and Consumption: A Review of the literature.” Journal of community health 39.6 (2014): 1248–1269.  PMC. Web. 17 July 2018. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4209007/ Lipton, E. “Food industry enlisted academics in GMO lobbying war.” The New York Times. 6 Sept 2015. Web. 16 Jul 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/06/us/food-industry-enlisted-    academics-in-gmo-    lobbying-war-emails-show.html?_r=0  “Why Organic Food May Not Be Healthier For You.” NPR. 4 Sept 2012. Web. 16 Jul 2018. https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2012/09/04/160395259/why-organic-food-may-not-be-healthier-for-you Continue Reading...

Book Trade Between China and France an Assessment

it has largely remained ineffective as far as control on the consumption front was concerned. In general terms literature has always been an important item of culture and art. In recent times, more and more current authors are exploring modern literature. Towards this end, geographical boundaries no longer act like a limiting factor. As a matter of fact, this is increasingly becoming a competitive frontier amongst contemporary authors. Chinese authors, who have been missing in action in this particular case, are catching up. In addition to highlighting the nature and conduct of book trade between China and France, this… Continue Reading...

Workplace Psychological Testing and Measurement

Retrieved from: https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_74.htm Reflect on three of the articles you have chosen for the literature review assignment. How will these articles help you proceed from here? According to Bacharach (1989), not all organizational theories are created alike. Most managers would agree but given the proliferation of available theories, the question arises as to how to make intelligent and discerning choices between all of them. Bacharach (1989) offers a helpful conceptual model, that of a continuum of falsifiability and utility. In other words, like all scientific theories, a theory is not valid unless it can be proven false or true. Otherwise… Continue Reading...

Using Evidence Based Practice to Resolve a Nursing Issue

central venous catheter lines in ICU patients as compared to no mandatory education. PICOT Question and literature Search Process The PICOT question is "Among critical care nurses, how does mandatory education and/or in-services for the care of central venous catheter lines in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients compared to no mandatory education and/or in-services affect the incidence of infection during a four-week period?" Establishing if there is a difference in patient outcomes will assist in future practice as the organization will better understand the impact of mandatory education especially for critical care workers. We expect that with mandatory education there… Continue Reading...

Algeria France and the Mersault Investigtion

in pursuing a path in which French language, culture, and literature are completely discarded and opts for a middle path. Harun does seem to lack self-awareness at certain points in the novel, particularly in that he claims not to speak from “sorrow or anger,” when in fact clearly the man possesses both (Daoud 6). In spite of this, Harun’s continual reference to The Stranger is actually to be taken quite literally as an encouragement to his audience to avoid throwing out the baby with the bathwater, to recognize that in spite of the violence in colonialism that colonial powers… Continue Reading...

“the Flea” by John Donne Close Textual Analysis

its own bidding, regardless. Lovers’ cruelty is a frequent theme in literature, and this poem is no exception. The poem concludes with the lady piercing the flea with her nail, killing the flea and drawing blood similar to how her cruel refusal draws blood from her lover’s soul. The lady has, “Purpled thy nail, in blood of innocence? / Wherein could this flea guilty be, /Except in that drop which it sucked from thee?” (22-23). As well as reproaching the lady for harming the flea, an example of her carelessness to her lover’s heart, Donne also refers to the piercing as… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams Challenges and Solutions

regard, therefore, performance deficiencies could go unnoticed for a long period of time. A review or literature indicates that there are various strategies and approaches that those charged with the management and leadership of virtual teams could adopt in an attempt to effectively direct, control, and govern virtual teams, so as to neutralize the challenges highlighted above. In the words of Bhat, Pande, and Ahuja (2017), “when effectively managed, global virtual teams amplify the benefits of teamwork and possess greater innovation potential than traditional, face-to-face teams” (34). With regard to communication challenges, there is need to adopt the right communication… Continue Reading...

The Problem Statement Related to Virtual Teams

via improvements to leadership models or to the actual technological instruments used to facilitate communication. Anchor Recent literature has been abundant on virtual teams and how to make them more effective. Quisenberry (2018) demonstrates the importance of emotional intelligence to highly functioning virtual teams. This research can be used to underscore the importance of providing emotional intelligence skills training to all employees who become members of virtual teams and especially to group leaders. Likewise, German (2017) found that emotional intelligence is strongly correlated with factors that lead to high virtual team performance including trust and the generation of the self-confidence needed… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Culture on Ptsd in the Middle East

health care for treatment of PTSD. Role of Culture in Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD in the Middle East Existing literature has established the case for culturally-specific ways of diagnosis and treatment of PTSD. Skinner & Kaplick (2017) state that while PTSD is an established diagnostic category, culture is an essential factor in the symptom manifestation, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. Over the past two decades, there has been increased interest in consideration and examining the role culture plays in diagnosis and treatment of PTSD. This is largely because culture has been identified as an influential factor in how mental… Continue Reading...

Disparities and Diabetes Among Latinos

diabetes-related health disparities, co-morbidities and its complications. There is a wide range of literature available showing that ethnic and race minorities are at a greater risk of developing diabetes compared to the majority groups. The disparities are a result of a combination of factors; they are both clinical and biological. They are also strongly associated with the system of health and factors related to social dynamics. The term ethnicity is a complex one. It reflects a convergence of multi-dimensional factors ranging from biological ones to geographically-influenced contributors. Other strong influencers include political, economic cultural, legal and social factors, including… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

far as the stretch and length of such preoccupation and tendency goes. literature from experts indicates that there are several forms of stereotypes that depict women and the meanings associated with them. Sexism is one of the most common stereotypes. It influences the rise of negative views about women the convincing stereotype regarding the role presented and encourages their being discriminated. Women and girls are depicted as inferior in most advertising when the superiority of men considered is put in perspective. The declining of the social role of women is yet another form of stereotyping that is emerging. When… Continue Reading...

How to Gather and Analyze Data

in facilitating employee retention. These findings are in tandem with literature that indicates that working conditions are one of the fundamental reasons for employee turnover. literature indicates that workplace environments that have long working hours compounded with minimal play have an adverse impact on the employees’ capability to balance work demands and family demands. In the same manner, lacking the choice or input on the work shift and also the work demands that they employees are expected from negatively impacts their performance and increases employee turnover. Another determining factor of workplace conditions is treatment from supervisors and colleagues with… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

The use of interpretive phenomenological methods may be best used for studying research questions with a large body of literature, but which require a fresh perspective. References Englander, M. (2012). The interview: data collection in descriptive phenomenological human scientific research. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 43(2012): 13-35. Giorgi, A. (2007). Concerning phenomenological methods of Husserl and Heidegger and their application in psychology. Collection du Cirp 1(2007): 63-78, http://www.cirp.uqam.ca/documents%20pdf/Collection%20vol.%201/5.Giorgi.pdf Groenwald, T. (2004). A phenomenological research design illustrated. International Journal of Qualitative Methods 3(1): 42-55. Horrigan-Kelly, M., Millar, M., & Dowling, M. (2016). Understanding the key tenets of Heidegger’s philosophy for interpretive… Continue Reading...

Apple

and doing away with focus on individual projects. Although existing literature may treat the development funnel as one variation of the stage-gate processes, the focus on generation of numerous ideas and then a narrowing down of key ideas sets the funnel apart from other processes. Individual Components of the Development/Innovation Funnel The first and largest part of the funnel is the Business Strategy and that constitutes market assessment and forecasting as well as capabilities assessment and forecasting. When Amazon and Apple began development of their respective products, they paid attention to the existing market. For example, the iPhone was… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

latter, though no technology was available for researching this. While numerous comments within the literature suggest two research directions to follow exist, the road is single. Herkenham and colleagues’ study findings revealed all were going the wrong way. At the same time that brain cannabinoid receptors were localized, Thomas, Martin and Compton published a paper characterizing the link between cannabinoids’ behavioral potency and fat-loving (lipophilic) nature (Thomas, Compton, Martin). Cannabinoid receptors’ location within our brain is linked to marijuana’s characteristic impacts. Of more significant confirmatory value is the fact that receptor sites bind to nothing but cannabinoids (or, at… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

The Representation of Muslim Women in Eastern and Western literature: A Comparison Representations of women in Middle Eastern literature represent a means by which the appreciation, perspective and overall role of women and how they are viewed by society can be determined. While some argue that literature and actually lived daily life are separate, literature serves as a measuring stick by which one can ascertain a definitive viewpoint on what the experience of being a Muslim woman is, and how such women are viewed. literature can tell one volumes about how… Continue Reading...

Patient Analysis for a Nurse Practitioner

Relat Res., 2023–2028. Lee, et. al, (2015). Clinical pathology of bartholin's glands: a review of the literature. Curr Urol. 8(1):22-5. Lilungulu et. al., (2017). Recurrent huge left bartholin's gland abscess for one year in a teenager. Case Rep Infect Dis. Omole F, Simmons BJ, Hacker Y. (2003). Management of Bartholin's duct cyst and gland abscess. Am Fam Physician. 68:135–140. Wechter ME, Wu JM, Marzano D, Haefner H. (2009). Management of Bartholin duct cysts and abscesses: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64:395–404.   Continue Reading...

Use Of Technology in the Special Education Classroom

that guided the research. Chapter two which follows immediately below provides a review of the relevant literature and chapter three describes more fully the research methodology used. Finally chapter four provides a proforma copy of a representative grant application based on comparable proposals and the answers to the above-listed research questions, followed by a summary of the research and key findings concerning the introduction of technology into the special educational needs classroom in the concluding chapter. Chapter Two: Review of the literature The research to date confirms that special educational needs students can benefit from the introduction of technology… Continue Reading...

The Formation Of Virtual Teams

practices to use with virtual teams. There will also be extensive literature review on how to motivate a virtual team and effective communication approaches that can work to the good of the organization as far as virtual teams are concerned. The final focus of the study will be on how the management or leadership of an organization can smoothly and effectively go through the stages of team formation and thereafter, how he can maintain the trust, commitment, connection and confidence of each member of the virtual team. Of particular focus and interest in the study will be the use of… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

different characteristics of praise and the training methods used in the literature. Individual interviews 10 classrooms Results indicate that most research focuses on behavior specific, verbal and contingent praise delivered to individual students. Most studies training teachers to use praise had positive results. Relationships between Instructional Quality and Classroom Management for Beginning Teachers Kwok, Andrew Educational Researcher 2017 This study explores the differences between 1st year teachers classroom management beliefs and actions Mixed methods research 89 elementary and secondary teachers and qualitative data from five case participants This study found that teachers who actively searched for ways to build… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling for Sexual Addiction

counselors regarding their ability to address sexual addiction during the process of couples counseling should it emerge as an issue. literature Review Gilbert (2014) conducted a literature review and identified sexual addiction as an issue that can be overcome by the patient through the development of an interior life—i.e., meditation, prayer, and trust in a higher power similar to that which is used by the Alcoholics Anonymous group for alcoholics seeking assistance in overcoming their issues. Griffiths and Dhuffar (2014) conducted a survey of mental health facilities to identify whether there is much treatment available for sex addicts; their study… Continue Reading...

Self Management in Nursing

is then given the tools and empowered to self-manage his or her own behavior in order to reach the target. literature Review Databases Searched · PsycINFO · U.S. National Library of Medicine’s MEDLINE, · Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews · Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials · American Psychological Association’s PsycARTICLES · Sociology Research Database SocINDEX · Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health literature (CIHAHL) Keywords used to conduct the searches were “behavior self-management.” History of Concept How it was identified. Creer was the first to use the term (Grady & Gough, 2014), which he applied to “indicate that… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

the end, the book might best function as a fine accompaniment to other undocumented migrant-related researches and literature for scholarly audiences (Emily 470). American migrant experiences are closely associated with individual migrants’ nationalities, socioeconomic standing and race. The writer bravely tackles a few stereotypes specific to Mexican migrants, in a candid and personal manner. Migrant stereotypes have remained a grave issue, whether in the case of Second-World-War era Japanese Americans, Chinese migrants employed on Western railroad lines, or Irish migrants towards the nineteenth century’s close. A discussion on immigration interweaves complex class and race connected issues (Moraine Valley 2).… Continue Reading...

Postpartum Depression and Gilman Yellow Wallpaper

Charlotte Perkins. “The Yellow Wallpaper.” https://www.nlm.nih.gov/theliteratureofprescription/exhibitionAssets/digitalDocs/The-Yellow-Wall-Paper.pdf Treichler, Paula A. “Escaping the Sentence.” Tulsa Studies in Women's literature, Vol. 3, No. 1/2, Spring - Autumn, 1984, pp. 61-77. Tucker, Phebe, Crow, Shiela, Cuccio, Anne, et al. “Helping Medical Students Understand Postpartum Psychosis Through the Prism of “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman.” Academic Psychiatry, Vol. 28, No. 3, Sept 2004, pp. 247-250. Continue Reading...

Healthcare Delivery System Model

and cost has provided the field of medicine with the literature of many examples of models that are successful but without any theories or principles underlying. Ideally, the import is that there is a good reason for developing a model from the onset; based on the models that have succeeded for theory elements. Apart from weaving in the sustainability for the long term, there is a rare and unique chance to build a vision that is shared between the stakeholders; something that could have been impossible to do when times were more stable (Kepros & Operanu, 2009). Providers need… Continue Reading...

Nursing Premise for Healthcare Delivery

prized alliances. The structure is discussed in light of the human becoming school of thought and related literature” (parse, 2006). This research conducted by Parse demonstrates how nebulous at times it can be to understand the healthcare delivery applications of her theory. Much of Parse’s work is so theoretical at times, it can be challenging to understand how it can be put in connection with the high stakes and fast-paced lifestyle of nursing. Conceptual Model Conceptual models refer to “concepts and their relationships that specify a perspective and produce evidence among phenomenon specific to the discipline. Conceptual models address… Continue Reading...

Body Mind and Soul in the Cancer Ward Wit

Body, Mind, and Soul in the Cancer Ward Margaret Edson’s Wit dramatizes the death of a literature professor from cancer. The play is designed to show the limits of the intellect to fully understand human tragedy and existence. Although the central protagonist Professor Vivian Bearin was a rigorous academic fluent in the works of John Donne when she was healthy, ultimately the fact her old English professor is able to provide her comfort during her dying moments by reading a children’s book provides her the greatest solace more than her philosophy and more than intellectualism. Bearin embarked upon an academic… Continue Reading...

Physical Education and the Zpd

Focus on ZPD in Primary Education Currently there is not a great deal of literature available on the educational benefits of age-mixing among students. Gray and Feldman (2004) point out that their “systematic survey of the psychological and educational literature revealed that researchers have paid almost no attention to interactions between children and adolescents” (p. 112). In other words, few researchers are looking at the ways in which the zone of proximal development is utilized through the process of age-mixed educational environments, in which young learners mix with older students and thereby have access to more ZPD opportunities. As Gray… Continue Reading...

Education Research into Dual Credit Equity

Hawaii's public schools and enable all students to meet their own unique and varied potentials,” (p. 1). Review of literature A review of literature reveals several themes related to how well Dual Credit programs serve Hawaii students. Themes that emerge in the literature include financial constraints, limitations on how well the Dual Credit programs are being promoted to underserved students, and also cultural/linguistic barriers. Promoting Dual Credit For Dual Credit programs to be effective, students have to learn about them. Formal points of access to Dual Credit include teachers and school counselors, while informal points of access include hearing about… Continue Reading...

Systems Thinking in New Product Development

should naturally involve a level of systems thinking. Yet, there is scant literature on the relationship between systems thinking and new product development. There is ample literature on systems thinking, and on new product development, but this intersection is seldom explored. This is to the detriment of business. Most companies need new product development as a means of exploiting market opportunities, and driving both growth and profitability. The focus for new product development cannot simply by on project management or innovation studies. Systems thinking can play a bigger role than it has to this point. This study will focus on… Continue Reading...

When Memory Speaks Autobiography by Jill Conway Essay

autobiography” offers opportunities to “reconstruct social relationships,” and stimulate new discursive practices in self-reflective literature and historiography (411). Conway occasionally does achieve the apparent goal of When Memory Speaks, as in the chapters “Feminist Plots” and “Assertive Women.” In these sections of the book, Conway shows how many feminist authors have used autobiography to construct what Miller calls an “alternative identity,” (1). Had Conway peppered these chapters with more substantial examples from the literary and historical record, the entire book might have reached greater heights.  To better appreciate Conway’s book, readers may contextualize it by considering others of its… Continue Reading...

Investing in China

and challenges between the host and home countries, and (d) base all advice on theory supported by academic literature, evidence-based practices, relevant data, and statistics wherever applicable. Context Global Altbach (2004) points out that “English-language products of all kinds dominate the international academic marketplace” (p. 11). Journals, books and other popular media formats in which English-language products are produced and disseminated can be found virtually everywhere in the world. Part of this expansive reach of English is the fact that approximately at any given time in today’s globalized world, there are 1.5 million students who are studying in some… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

as interpreters contributes to the need for involvement of professional interpreters in the care delivery process. Existing literature demonstrates that professional interpreters help improve patient-provider communication, which in turn results in better patient outcomes. It is important to determine whether bilingual interpreter call during provider visit improves communication between the patient and care provider and contribute to better health outcomes. While the government of New South Wales (NSW) policy establishes a standard procedure where professionals like bilingual interpreters are invited to provide interpretive services, these professionals are not adequately integrated in the healthcare delivery process. Additionally, the impact of… Continue Reading...

Online Education Argumentative

& Hunter, D.F. (2014). Facilitating student retention in online graduate nursing education programs: A review of the literature. Nurse Education Today 34(7): 1125-1129. Kuo, Y., Walker, A.E., Schroder, K.E.E., et al. (2014). Interaction, Internet self-efficacy, and self-regulated learning as predictors of student satisfaction in online education courses. The Internet and Higher Education 20(2014): 35-50. Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

address these variables so as to help the victims via the use of prevention techniques. Part 2 literature Review (Annotated Bibliography) Aas, G. (2018). The Norwegian police and victims of elder abuse in close and familial relationships. Journal of elder abuse & neglect, 30(1), 20-41. This study looks at how criminal justice officers aim to prevent elder abuse when it occurs in familial settings, such as when a child is the perpetrator and the parent the victim. The study reveals that victims in elder abuse are often reluctant to involve police in the issue, so criminal justice agents tend to focus on prevention… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

physicians as an attractive option (O’Hare et al., 2013). The literature shows that CAM treatments are on the rise among patients of IC and that many more physicians today are recommending CAM for IC patients than ever before (Pang & Ali, 2015). The primary reason for this is that IC etiology is so poorly understood that some physicians believe alternative methods may have a beneficial psychological impact on patients (Kaptchuck, 2002). This could be just a placebo effect—for example, a patient suffering from an issue that has no known origin and thus has no known effective treatment is given an… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

For that reason CAM therapies are viewed by patients and physicians as an attractive option (O’Hare et al., 2013). The literature shows that CAM treatments are on the rise among patients of IC and that many more physicians today are recommending CAM for IC patients than ever before (Pang & Ali, 2015). The primary reason for this is that IC etiology is so poorly understood that some physicians believe alternative methods may have a beneficial psychological impact on patients (Kaptchuck, 2002). This could be just a placebo effect—for example, a patient suffering from an issue that has no known origin… Continue Reading...

How to Conduct a Study on Virtual Teams

to save costs associated with travel, relocation, and transportation. However, there is a gap in the literature regarding the effectiveness of collaboration technology on virtual teams’ success. Andriessen (2012) notes that both positive and negative effects have been linked to collaboration technology which could ultimately impact the efficiency and productivity of virtual teams and the corporations for which they are working. Gilson, Maynard and Young (2015) show that virtual teams require more study so that organizations can successfully manage productivity, and Fan, Chen and Wang (2015) state that virtual teams may lead to “creativity and idea generation performance”… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast the Lottery and the Rocking Horse Winner

irony, and characterization in their short stories denouncing blind conformity to antiquated values. When Winning is Losing literature often reveals the profound paradoxes of life, the ironies that befuddle human beings and make human societies complex and contradictory. Short stories can achieve their thematic goals even more poignantly than longer format prose. In Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery,” winning the titular game means essentially losing the biggest game of all: one’s life, one’s right to live. Winning the lottery equals death. Likewise, in D.H. Lawrence’s short story, “The Rocking Horse Winner,” winning at the horse races also leads to death. Their different… Continue Reading...

Mission-based Management

of works may be found on the subject but a literature gap is evident owing to the fact that though a majority of authors have realized the need for non-profit companies to adopt for-profit approaches, Brinckerhoff is the only one to have proposed a methodology to shift from a program-centric to a performance-centric approach (Brinckerhoff, 2000). Analysis and evaluation of the book Mission-Based Management (Third Edition) offers in-depth, practical guidance which deals with policymakers’ and non-profit executives’ unique concerns. The book: · Delves into the impacts of corporate transparency, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, technology planning, marketing and novel technologies in the… Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

resource management. Agric Syst, 73(1), 41–56. Reed, M. S. (2008). Stakeholder participation for environmental management: A literature review. Biol Conserv, 141(10), 2417–2431 Reed, M. S., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C. H., & Stringer, L. C. (2009). Who’s in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resource management. J Environ Manag, 90(5), 1933–1949. Renard, Y. (2004). Guidelines for stakeholder identification and analysis: a manual for Caribbean natural resource managers and planners. Caribbean Natural Resources Institute Guidelines Series, Caribbean Natural Resources Institute.   Continue Reading...

Reflection on Strategic Management Course

at is what you actually need to be good at in order to succeed. As the literature on that tool in particular notes, it helps you to formulate strategy by giving you one of the most important starting points – knowing where profit comes from in your industry (MindTools, 2018). So things like that, and SWOT, may seem really simple but if you take the time to do the research and really think deeply about the company and its industry, you\\'ll get a lot of great insight by applying those tools. One of the things I like about these… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against the Existence Of God

as humankind itself. The purpose of this study is to provide a critical analysis of the relevant literature concerning the historic and contemporary ontological argument for the existence of God, and to explicate these findings into a coherent analysis that can serve as a foundation for further research. 2. Historical ontological arguments for the existence of God In this regard, one authority reports that, “One of the most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect God is the ontological argument. While there are several different versions of the argument, all purport to show that it is self-contradictory to… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

may, at a first glance, be considered a recent addition to extant literature. But the references used belong to the 70s, 90s and 2000s and this broad publication date range renders the paper not current. The hypothesis is based on theories and studies published in the years 1970 & 1977, respectively. Ever since, various political, cultural, and economic developments have occurred; it would have been more prudent if the authors based their study on modern theories and literature. Relevance Despite being grounded in not-so-recent literature, the paper is relevant as regards its intellectual plot and context. Researchers have addressed… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

(e.g., the sample consisted of 00 males and 00 females…). Quantitative literature citations must be provided for the adequate sample size (e.g. For this study, the number of participants required for an adequate sample size will be 66 students which according to Gall et al. (2007, p. 145) will the required minimum for a medium effect size with statistical power of .7 at the .05 alpha level). Next, discuss the setting (e.g., specific course, program, online/offline environment, semester-term, and/or treatment/control group testing location, etc.). Real names for people and schools should never be used. Use pseudonyms for descriptors when… Continue Reading...

Students with Keratoconus Disease in Saudi Arabia

the etiology of keratoconus, a broader survey of young persons is needed to fill the present gap in literature. Abu-Amero, Al-Muammar & Kondkar (2014) state that keratoconus “has a complex multifactorial etiology, with environmental, behavioral, and multiple genetic components contributing to the disease pathophysiology” (p. 1), which is why more study needs to be conducted in order to understand the pathways by which this disease develops and spreads. By examining students and the effect of keratoconus disease on the education levels among students at different ages to determine the locations of their spread in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,… Continue Reading...

The Elderly and Dementia

study qualitative. The research design was that of the systematic review—a literature review of relevant studies regarding person-centered approaches to treating elderly patients suffering from dementia. The purpose of the study was “to appraise the effectiveness of environmentbased interventions that address behavior, perception, and falls in people with AD and related major NCDs” (Jensen & Padilla, 2017, p. 2). The researchers conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL and OTseeker. The search resulted in 1,854 sources, of which 154 were reviewed for the study based on inclusion criteria. The evidence was assessed thematically. Jensen and Padilla (2017)… Continue Reading...

Preventing and Abolishing Elder Abuse a Systematic Research Proposal

prevention of elder abuse should be a major international priority. Fortunately, an improving international scientific literature has accompanied this growing concern, including prevalence studies in a number of countries and international comparative projects” (Pillemer et al., 2015). Prevention is absolutely essential in being able to get a handle on the pervasive issue that is elder abuse. The more people understand the complexities of this phenomenon, the more healthcare professionals, social welfare professionals and educated citizens will be able to take strategic action to prevent this problem. Scholars and experts who have dedicated themselves to this issue have determined that… Continue Reading...

Research Methods for Sociologists

analysis method of research is used to conduct a systematic review of existing literature or documents that can help to construct an informative basis or foundation for future research and understanding of concepts applied in the sociological field. A sociologist might conduct this type of research when there is a need to refresh a perspective or theory based on the available literature. This method can also be helpful in explaining how a theory or perspective has evolved over the years. The researcher can trace its evolution by examining documents and publications and other research that has been conducted in… Continue Reading...

United States Electoral Fraud

seeks to use the American historical case to contribute to the growing comparative politics literature on the causes of election fraud in newly democratizing countries” (Teorell and Ziblatt 1).   Continue Reading...

Stress Management

to support the claims made. Further, I will conduct a comprehensive review of the available literature on the subject matter so as to assess what others have in the past said about employee stress and coping mechanisms, and how these tie to enhanced organizational performance. Hellriegel and Slocum (2008), two organizational behavior experts, are of the opinion that stress has behavioral, emotional, and psychological impacts and could affect the ability of an individual to perform optimally. I will make use of authoritative sources such as these to lend support to my argument. Ethos, on the other hand, has got… Continue Reading...

Recruiting Candidates and Interview Types

trait-based personality theories still remain controversial, the Big Five traits are broad enough and represented widely enough throughout the literature on psychometric testing to have some validity as a screening device. The five traits the Big Five inventories assess are openness to experience, conscientiousness or dutifulness, extraversion versus introversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (Cherry, 2018). For workplaces which require interaction with customers, extraversion and agreeableness are essential. Creative workplaces require openness, while detail-oriented occupations, in contrast, demand conscientiousness (Cherry, 2018). Neuroticism is largely considered a negative trait and in virtually all occupations, resiliency is required. Using cognitive assessments like IQ… Continue Reading...

Kublai Khan Improvements to the Chinese System and Ideals

and structural style. In this manner, Kublai Khan affected China's economy, culture, political structure, literature and architecture amid his rule (Bordo, Taylor, & Williamson, 2003).  In different districts, Kublai Khan searched out specialists, craftsmen, and other employed people doing their civil duties. Accordingly, numerous people from various cultures moved to Yuan. A prime precedent was Marco Polo's investigation inside Kublai Khan's domain as appeared in his travel writings (Worthington, 2015). As portrayed, Polo worked under Kublai Khan's court for a long time. Be that as it may, students of history question the legitimacy of his book as he sensationalized… Continue Reading...

Statistical Data Usage in Criminal Justice Leadership

and professionals than quantitative analysis. Yet some leaders will prefer basing their policies on qualitative literature because it is thematic, conceptual and oftentimes more emotionally appealing. Quantitative studies, however, appeal to the logical side of the mind, the empirical aspect of research, which requires physical evidence that can be seen and duplicated in a second and third study so that results and statistics are verified. Statistical data can be tested and proved accurate in ways that qualitative data simply cannot be. For criminal justice policy making, statistical support can come in a number of ways. For example, as Sibley… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshis Cultural Practices and Traditions

wear pants and shirt. Additionally, the Bangladeshi culture is characterized by strong tradition of dance, music, and literature that incorporates classical Muslim and Hindu music. Class system and social stratification in Bangladeshi culture is based on the Muslim class system, which is akin to a caste structure. As a result, most of Bangladeshis view class based on rural or localized context. Reference Guhathakurta, M. & van Shendel, W. (2013). The Bangladesh reader: history, culture, politics. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

PTSD by raising awareness through seminars, conferences and publishing literature in peer-reviewed scholarly journals that will be read by other professionals in their field. These journals often provide contact information that can allow other professionals to touch base with the authors and share ideas. Communication is the foundation of networking, and by getting the word out and raising awareness, nurses take the first step in promoting change. Change can also be promoted from within by implementing a change management process. This type of process requires the consent of the administration and often of the health care facility’s board. Nurses… Continue Reading...

Peer Influence on Gender Identity Development in Adolescence

of gender identity than within-gender dimensions of gender identity. II. Review of literature The authors start with a succinct review of literature that develops the multiple dimensions of gender identity, delving into within-gender GI and between-gender GI self-concepts. This is imperative as the inter-group predisposition and experienced pressure lay more emphasis on how a person deals with other gender and also his or her own gender. The intergroup bias delineates the magnitude to which youth are inclined to associate increased positive and lesser negative characteristics to their individual gender group contrasted to the other gender. Next, the authors review literatureContinue Reading...

Novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell Essay

Gone with the Wind as a literature of witness to forced labor Gone with the Wind, a story of white Southern resilience by Margaret Mitchell, which greatly appealed to readers of the Depression-era, depicted slavery as a world of faithful slaves and lenient masters. The tale also criticized freed individuals who tried to practice their citizenship rights. Since Gone with the Wind embraced most of the same rhetoric as purportedly non-fiction works that idealized slavery, howled freedom, and depicted black political rights as some type of tyranny over the… Continue Reading...

The Tragedy Of Othello

University Press. Golden, L. (1984). Othello, Hamlet, and Aristotelian Tragedy. Shakespeare Quarterly, 35(2): 142-156. Johnson, G. & Arp, T. (2018). Perrine’s literature. Boston, MA: Cengage. Schaper, E. (1968). Aristotle's catharsis and aesthetic pleasure. The Philosophical Quarterly (1950-), 18(71), 131-143. Shakespeare, W. (1993) Othello, NY: Washington Square Press.   Continue Reading...

Literature Review Tips and Tricks

Search Tips and Tricks There are a number of ways to find relevant academic literature. The first thing to remember is that most academic databases are designed with fairly rudimentary search functions – if you're accustomed to Google you'll be disappointed with the terrible U/X and primitive search of most academic databases. One of the most important ramifications of this is that you have to plan your search out a little bit more comprehensively. It goes without saying that knowing what databases are best for your subject matter is a critical precursor step –… Continue Reading...

Classrooms Stem and Steam Implementation

regular STEAM education. The general research mostly focused on literature. Second in line was research done by elementary school students. This group had the greatest number of researches done in STEAM education with programming. 50% of the researches used Scratch as the programming language. More than 50% of the searches was not done using physical computing devices. This study was able to show the general trends in STEAM education and how teachers have applied programming. Further analysis also showed the results of using programming in STEAM education. The prevailing disparities in the educational system have made scholars and teachers… Continue Reading...

Overseas Marketing and Emotional Intelligence

use to know the EI of its targeted market before venturing into the market. There are various literature that are in existence on this topic and they illuminate the potential of virtual teams being real customers and the use of EI in understanding a virtual market across borders or even across continents. The study of EI and the importance of the same was studied by Mussawar B., et.al (2016) among 250 students drawn from five different universities in Pakistan, 100 of the participants were male and 150 were female students. The age range of the students was between 20-30… Continue Reading...

Public Health Models and Sdoh in Childhood Obesity

Chronic diseases, disabling condition, and financial burdens are documented in existing literature on modern health problems. Given the increased burdens associated with chronic diseases and disabling conditions, health education and educators are expected to play a critical in addressing these conditions (Derryberry, 2004). Health education is expected to play a new and unique role in addressing these conditions and promoting the health and wellbeing of populations. The significant role of health education in this process is attributable to the fact that it’s the basis with which health professionals and practitioners obtain foundational and practical knowledge for their practice. Therefore,… Continue Reading...

Synopsis Qualitative Studies Of Emotional Intelligence

Severinsson, E. (2007). Emotional intelligence: a review of the literature with specific focus on empirical and epistemological perspectives. Journal of clinical nursing, 16(8), 1405-1416. Accessed from http://www.scirp.org/(S(351jmbntvnsjt1aadkposzje))/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1528157 on 12th June 2018. Continue Reading...

Education Peace Action Plan

Early College: Building Support at Honolulu Community College,” I conducted reviews of literature on dual credit programs to better understand the issues and how we can make necessary changes to the educational environment or to policy initiatives. While most of the journey in creating the peace action plan consisted of roses of discovery and learning, inevitably there are thorns that indicate areas that need improvement or attention. The thorns I identify include minimal real world, practical experiences in education leadership that might better inform my peace action plan. Although I interviewed individuals with tenure in the organization, I do… Continue Reading...

Two Sides to Every Story Kashmir Today

enterprise for policymakers. To this end, this paper presents a review of the relevant literature concerning the historic and recent uses of compellence by these two belligerents and how these actions have only served to perpetuate the conflict unto the present rather than resolve it militarily or peacefully. Review and Analysis Background and overview Today, while the Demilitarized Zone that separates South and North Korea along the 38th parallel continues to receive the majority of attention from policymakers in the United States, Kashmir remains the largest and most militarized region in the world with various sections of the territory… Continue Reading...

How to Store Prescription Drugs Safety

the web-based knowledge intervention in their pilot study, citing from prior literature showing that similar methods have been successful in reducing misuse of alcohol and nicotine. The authors also claim that web-based information dissemination is cost-effective. If web-based information is helpful in changing patient behaviors, then public health administrators, policymakers, and healthcare workers can easily and quickly use such methods to reduce harm. As promising as the results of this study are, there are several limitations due to internal and external validity. One study limitation is that no random assignment was used, and there was no control group. Future… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Lead Exposures Among Children Under 12 Years Of Age

or/and at the school where the drinking water is distributed through old Lead plumbing components. The reviewed literature also establishes that children under the age of 6 years exhibited a higher Blood Lead Level (BLL) compared to those above six years. Therefore children under 6 years are more susceptible to health effects than those above 6 years. Health Effects of Indoor Lead Exposure in Children Aged Below 12 Years Introduction Lead (Lb) is a malleable, soft, and ductile metal in the scientific periodic table (Salisbury, pp. 25). As a metal, Lead has scientifically been established to be toxic and… Continue Reading...

Healthcare System and Practice Guideline

given the task of pinpointing key questions to direct the systematic review of the literature on Diabetes Mellitus. These key questions, which were developed in discussion with the Lewin team, addressed clinical matters of the uppermost precedence for the VA and DoD populaces. The key questions follow the population, intervention, comparison, outcome, timing and setting (PICOTS) framework for evidence questions, as recognized by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2017). The evidence employed came from 58 research studies. A key inclusion criterion for the studies included that intervention studies had a treatment or… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Talent Management

performers with the goal of growing the company in new markets. In fact, one of the emerging trends in the literature is with regards to expatriate high potential employees, as well as the expatriation of high potential employees and the impact that might have on the organization. Some studies have been focusing more on resource-based approaches that focus on organizational needs, whereas others have taken more of a humanistic approach to focus on what employees need for self-actualization and fulfillment. 2. Because of the dearth of evidence on what specific methods or interventions work to identify and develop high potential… Continue Reading...

Provider Patient Communication Through Professional Interpreters

an average improvement of > 10 points. This finding was consistent with existing literature that shows professional interpreters help to improve provider-patient communication among Limited English Proficiency (LEP) patients (Fernandez et al., 2011; Jacobs et al, 2006). Secondly, the study also found that the use of a professional interpreter is associated with improved glycemic control (A1c>9%) among diabetic LEP patients. The improvement in glycemic control is attributable to better interpersonal care and engagement in effective diabetes self-management practices. This suggests that patients enhanced the medication adherence following the use of a professional interpreter in their interactions with healthcare providers.… Continue Reading...

Educational Administration and Research Methods Assessment

to evaluate the research of others, consider gaps in the literature, and contribute to the growing body of evidence on educational administration. The course has also covered theoretical orientations in educational research, encouraging students to consider their own points of view and the directions their research and their careers will take them. Ultimately, students can understand the connections between research, practice, and policy. The goals of educational research are typically to improve practice and policy. Therefore, it is important to use resources judiciously when planning educational research. Research should have specific goals in mind to help administrators serve their… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddler Development

Integrating the Field of Developmental Psychology: A Review of the literature Developmental Stage/Age Group: Infancy and toddlerhood (0 - 3 years) In the development stage of infancy to toddlerhood, the child is changing and responding to its environment and social setting. As Levinson (1986) notes, the home is the child’s immediate social and physical environment. The mother tends to be the child’s source of security and the child grows in confidence through connection to the mother. Between the ages of one and two the child is like a “young scientist,” according to Piaget in… Continue Reading...

Reading and the Achievement Gap

& Annerstedt, 2015). This theory can help to show how the socialization of reading improves reading skills. The gap in literature this study aims to address is whether socializing reading can help to prevent the opening of the achievement gap in the first grade. The study by Moses and Kelly (2018) showed that promotion of reading can help to develop interest in reading among younger students—but so far there is no study that relates this concept of reading interest promotion to the prevention of the achievement gap among first grade students. References Barker, D., Quennerstedt, M. & Annerstedt, C. (2015).… Continue Reading...

History Political Social Economic Culture African American

urban centers of the north, and the flourishing of arts, literature, and music that characterized the Harlem Renaissance. Jazz, blues, rock and roll, funk, soul, and hip-hop all originated in African American communities and thereafter became part of the broader American vernacular. African American filmmakers, visual artists, and fashion designers have also communicated political awareness and cultural pride through their media. References Allen, W. (1992). The color of success. Harvard Educational Review 62(1): 26-45. Brody, G.H., Zolinda, S. & Douglas, F. (1996). Parental religiosity, family processes, and youth competence in rural, two-parent African American families. Developmental Psychology, 32(4), 696-706. Burton,… Continue Reading...

Dynamic Network Theory Article on Psychology

Redding (2014) attempt to fill a gap in the literature on social networks by focusing on how social networks influence goal striving via emotional pathways. The authors base their research on dynamic network theory, and the results can be applied to numerous practical or clinical settings including organizational-industrial behavior or even information science. The dynamic network theory orientation also sheds light on numerous types of social networks and organizations, illuminating both individual and collective behavior. Although not an experimental research or a meta-analysis, the study does direct psychologists and researchers toward potentially fruitful areas of investigation. The authors explain… Continue Reading...

Course Learnings

can draw from a number of different schools – business organizations have large bodies of literature on organizational change, sociologists study group behavior, and of course there's an entire body of scholarly literature from the education field that I can work with. So I feel that there is a lot of opportunity to work with these three areas of speciality. Being exposed to these concepts has given me an appreciation of a couple of different things. One is just how much they matter in education administration. I don't know if I fully appreciated before how important these ideas were… Continue Reading...

Social Media Postings and the Internet Privacy

& Renaud K., (2018). Privacy of the Internet of Things: A Systematic literature Review (Extended Discussion). Retrieved August 24, 2018 from https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1611/1611.03340.pdf This is an important resource found through internet search. It highlights the various discussions that have been put forth on the issue of privacy and puts forth arguments by various significant authorities in the information technology discipline. This review brings verified information on privacy of online content and how they need to be treated. Analysis of references The references used herein are academic in nature, the text book is an official academic publication whose author is known for… Continue Reading...

Heart Of Darkness Essay (example Completed in 2019)

Darkness is one of the most important works of literature you will be asked to encounter in your academic career. Because of this, you may need some tips on how to write about Heart of Darkness. At first, writing about famous novels like this one can seem difficult. You may not know where to begin, especially if your essay is longer than a few pages. This guide will help you construct the best possible essay that is about the tone, themes, and literary devices Conrad uses in his renowned work. If you don’t know where to begin, you can… Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

The Evolution of American Identity Through literature The diversity within the American experience, and as well within the canon of American literature, precludes the possibility of singling out two or even ten of the novels, poems, or short stories that best encapsulate what it means to be American. From the colonial and early national era and the fledgling formation of national identity through the struggles of emancipation from slavery and transcendentalism, onwards to the industrial and capitalist eras, American literature has provided an accurate reflection of… Continue Reading...

Factors for Keeping Employees

to an assortment of factors revealed from an thorough literature review about this subject. literature Review: The literature review for this paper involved searching and parsing through scholarly articles specific to this phenomenon. The author of this document sought out articles focused on this particular population segment and issues contributing instances of readmission for CHF. The literature examined was within the past 15 years. Moreover, this literature was analyzed within the context of middle ground theory as it applies to the nursing profession. History of the Theory: Middle ground theory is innately multidisciplinary when it is utilized within the… Continue Reading...

Reducing Patient Falls

or surveillance tools for head nurses (Health Research & Educational Trust, 2016). Therefore, common themes in the literature relate to leadership, change management, communications, and technological innovations in preventing falls. Plan of Action After a distillation of the review of literature into a comprehensive but concise problem statement presented to hospital administration, the plan of action begins with mandatory staff meetings to provide an overview of the issue. Through staff meetings, nurse leaders will be empowered to offer their input as to how they can prevent falls, and the supports they need such as technology, changes to the hospital… Continue Reading...

Ten Strategic Points

potential employees. Data collection - Data will be collected through interviews developed through literature review. Data analysis - Collected data will be analyzed through descriptive analysis. A one-way MANOVA will be used for the analysis of results from the study to determine whether and how programs for identification and development of high potential employees impact human resource. Part B The purpose of the 10 strategic point’s document is to ensure that the research is doable, valuable, and credible. This document is developed from researching literature and thus, it provides a guideline for the research in a succinct and summarized manner… Continue Reading...

Comparing and Contrasting Dada and Surrealism

Dada and surrealism went a step further to include non-visual art forms like literature, performance, music or sound, and poetry. There are no boundaries or provisions for either Dada or surrealism, even though the latter did have a manifesto. The artist is free to deliver the message or tell the story or evoke an emotion in whatever way works best. Being unrestricted in execution meant that the variety and scope of work created during the Dada and surrealist movements are profound. There are no single defining features of either genre, only core philosophies. Their respective philosophies are similar in… Continue Reading...

Direct to Consumer Marketing

trust all material that is passed to them without double-checking it or reviewing what literature is available on the products published by third party sources. There has to be some independent review—but that is missing in today’ health care industry. The Global Differences with Respect to Healthcare Product Direct to Consumer Marketing The global differences with respect to healthcare product direct to consumer marketing are significant. In the EU, direct to consumer advertising by the pharmaceutical industry is currently banned by regulators (Arnold & Oakley, 2013). In the U.S., it is allowed. The U.S., as a result, has an… Continue Reading...

Nazi Literature Pre Oppression Subordination

precipitates major calamity or revolution. Contemporary art, music, and literature capture the social and political atmosphere and all its nuances, especially as it impacts the lives of individuals from various social spheres. Heinriche Heine employs the medium of poetry to subversively satirize the seeds of political and social oppression that were being planted during this critical period in German history. In “Germany: A Winter’s Tale,” Heine draws on the age-old tradition of epic poetic narrative to frame parallels with Teutonic history, all the while capitalizing on the ability of poetic devices like metaphor and imagery to deliver effective and… Continue Reading...

Positive Contributions by Veterans in the Construction Sector Essay

a situation like that, they can think through it on their own. These responses are in line with literature demonstrated by various scholars. The inclusion of educational and training establishments in workforce development is not a novel aspect. For numerous years, these establishments have been building and unveiling several graduates for the employment sector. Ranging from vocational colleges, universities, community colleges and training schools, these establishments equip their students with the proficiencies and the knowledge necessitated to undertake tasks within the workplace setting (Horden, 2013). Basically, these establishments play a fundamental role in the development of human capital. Devoid of… Continue Reading...

Pay for Performance

as an emerging challenge for healthcare services: mapping the literature. Nursing research and practice, 2012. Eijkenaar, F., Emmert, M., Scheppach, M., & Schöffski, O. (2013). Effects of pay for performance in health care: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Health policy, 110(2-3), 115-130. McPhie, A., & Sapin, B. J. (2006). Designing an Effective Pay for Performance Compensation System. US Merit Systems Protection Boar, 1, 56. Rosenthal, M. B., Frank, R. G., Li, Z., & Epstein, A. M. (2005). Early experience with pay-for-performance: from concept to practice. Jama, 294(14), 1788-1793. Vogenberg, F. R., & Smart, M. (2018). Regulatory Change Versus Legislation Impacting Health Care Decisions and Delivery. Pharmacy and… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Doctoral Business Research Role Of Theory

problem, purpose statement, and research question for a DBA applied Doctoral Study literature review plays an important role quantitative research for researchers because it assists in research justification and identification of study purpose. literature could be used in identification of the questions that should be asked and to develop a hypothesis. The literature research from ethnographic theory has more detail and has better comprehension that in other theories of research (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2007). Other theories use literature review for the provision of evidence with an intention of identifying and studying the existing problem to be solved through inquiry.… Continue Reading...

How Pepsico Is Leveraging Healthy Alternatives to Colas

the cola industry altogether in the foreseeable future, the key findings that emerged from the relevant literature underscored the fact that colas have reached the high point of their marketing existence and may already be in decline, and the addition of enterprises such as Naked Juice to PepsiCo’s portfolio represent a timely and effective way to secure and retain market share in this highly competitive industry. References Bardzik, A. & Ishdorj, A. (2016, December). Super-premium fruit and vegetable beverages: A retail sales analysis and demand estimation. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 45(3), 563-567. Kaplan, C. (2017, August). Big soda:… Continue Reading...

Knowledge and Understanding in Sports

a football skill which year 3 students can perform. In the following section a literature review is conducted, with a discussion of the methodology employed in this study provided after that. A description of the findings of the study follows along with a discussion. The overall point this study aims to cover is whether by using game play as an opportunity to evaluate knowledge and understanding, the researcher can assess where students are able to perform a basic skill. literature Review The most relevant model of understanding for this investigation was Perkins’ (1993) performance view model of understanding. In… Continue Reading...

Patient Care and the Affordable Care Act

and Information Practice, 6(2), 75-80. Houde, S. C. (2009). The systematic review of literature: A tool for evidence-based policy. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 35(9), 9-12. Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W. M., Gray, J. A., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. S. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ, 312(7023), 71-72. Samuel, R., Maizel, Shane, P., & George, D. P. (2009). The Financial Crisis Facing America’s Hospital Industry: Part I Am. Bankr. Inst. J., 16(55), 56.   Continue Reading...

Research Design and Methods Used in Leadership

nuances, patterns, and ideas that quantitative methods overlook or take for granted, making mixed-methods approaches extremely attractive in emerging literature on leadership and organizational behavior. Methods of data collection and research design trends eventually feed the formation of new theories in leadership. Just as the research questions may influence the choice of research design and methods, the researcher’s theoretical orientation may impact the choice of research questions. The results of leadership research may also transform—or simply reinforce—existing theories of leadership. For example, a new study that assesses the impact of transformational leadership on organizational outcomes could be used to… Continue Reading...

Heart Disease and Stress

providing insight into the physiological links between mental states and cardiovascular health. In a systematic review of literature published in the American Journal of Hypertension, Cohen, Edmondson & Kornish (2015) showcase recent research on the connection between mental health in general and cardiovascular disease. Both epidemiological studies and smaller-scale empirical research have “firmly established a connection” between cardiovascular health and specific mental health states linked to stress including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. The authors summarize the findings from epidemiological and clinical studies detailing the specific physiological factors and biological mechanisms underlying the stress responses, detailing them for each… Continue Reading...

Dual Credit Programs

education. Dual credit programs are executed differently in different states. Program feature diversity and results from empirical literature also permits the body of literature to inform best practices for administration, management, and program assessment in Hawaii. Themes in the literature include a historical overview showcasing the practically incontrovertible evidence in support of dual credit programs, with recent literature trending towards specific elements of program design, implementation, and assessment. Other trends include the ability of dual credit programs to promote equity through the promotion of minority students in higher education and to increase the representation of minority students and faculty… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried

Routledge, 2018. Jarraway, David R. ""Excremental Assault" in Tim O'Brien: Trauma and Recovery in Vietnam War literature." MFS Modern Fiction Studies, vol. 44, no. 3, 1998, pp. 695-711. Kaplan, Steven. "The Undying Uncertainty of the Narrator in Tim O'Brien'sThe Things They Carried." Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction, vol. 35, no. 1, 1993, pp. 43-52. O'Brien, Tim. If I Die in a Combat Zone: Box Me Up and Ship Me Home. Crown Publishing Group, 2011. ---. The Things They Carried. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009. Sherman, Nancy. The Untold War: Inside the Hearts, Minds, and Souls of Our Soldiers. W. W. Norton & Company, 2011. Taylor, Nicholas, and Gerald Voorhees. Masculinities in Play. Springer International Publishing, 2018.   Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Operating Room Nurse Residency Program

Need for Operating Room Nurse Residency Program A Review of literature Previous studies have indicated that in other specialties, nurse residency programs have been largely successful in seeking to stem nursing shortages. However, very few studies have attempted to evaluate as well as assess the effectiveness and success rate of nurse residency programs in relation to operating room nurses. It is important to note that there is a looming crisis in the horizon in relation to the shortage of operating room nurses (Brown, Belgard, Washington, and Grueso, 2017). The effects this continued shortage could have on perioperative nursing… Continue Reading...

South Park and Pc Culture

too much focus on what others think create stigmas that are over-communicated? literature Review Mead (1934) asserted that gestures are symbols that exist in the mind and that its relationship to an attitude is what has to be considered. Words are “arbitrary terms” that have some attachment to a designated stimulus (Mead, 1934, p. 224). The word is used a signal with an expected reaction that should accompany it. However, when there is non-conformity among persons as to what the gestures, symbols or words should mean, dissonance arises (Festinger, 1957). According to Festinger (1957), people aim for harmony with their… Continue Reading...

Goethe and Romanticism

than a Romantic author. In the words of Smith (2009), “to students of German literature, it is so obvious that Goethe was un-romantic and anti-Romantic that they seldom bother to say so” (71). As per this viewpoint, his works are seen as having been influenced by diverse literary movements, i.e. Weimar Classicism and Storm and Stress. This is a viewpoint that ought to be questioned – particularly after placing his works and writings in the Romantic Movement context. This discussion argues that undeniable parallels exist between the Romanticism credo and Goethe’s works and ideology. In so doing, references will… Continue Reading...

Shepherd King and Noble Shepherd Gospel John

expands the role in a way unknown to Jewish literature. How So? Jesus does expand the role of the shepherd king in ways that totally transformed the society and undermined the structure and order of Jewish society. The Messiah was known in Jewish literature. However, Jesus shows that the inherent trait of a Noble Shepherd or a shepherd king is self-sacrifice. This dimension of leadership on the human dimension, that of willingness to die and being consciously led to death to achieve eternal life, was totally unknown in Jewish literature. Jesus’s own self-knowledge was also a component absent from… Continue Reading...

Team Development Leadership Emotional Intelligence

teams. Ultimately, this research addresses a gap in the literature related to leadership within the virtual team setting. Due to the unique characteristics and processes defining virtual teams, the same leadership theories and models that work for face-to-face teams may not be applicable to the virtual team. Although preliminary, this research is also instrumental in that the author provides a quantitative method to predict leader emergence, thereby improving the capacity of virtual teams to flourish. One of the main findings is that in virtual teams, leaders emerge through organic processes, linked possibly to personality traits even more so than… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Management in Nonprofit Organizations

issues for human resources managers no matter what their sector. The literature on human resources management in non-profit organizations is extensive in general, but few studies have applied qualitative methods to assess the actual HRM practices used in nonprofits. Similarly, few studies have used qualitative methods to determine HRM and employee perceptions of employee training and development programs. Existing studies on employee retention, development, and training in non-profit organizations focus mainly on mission statements, and less on the specific tools and strategies used by human resources managers. Mission Critical There is even some tension in the literature regarding the… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

greatest personalities who contributed to Egypt’s overall national growth and development. He studied art, science, economics, literature, and French. After acquiring a law degree, he commenced his career in the role of translator in the Royal Circuits’ Lawsuits Section, responsible for state- owned farmland. Though favoring free enterprise, he was quick to climb the rungs of the career ladder, landing the position of lawsuits section manager (53-75)3. His subsequent posts as manager were at various organizations including Kom Ombo Company (a firm that actively reclaimed and sold land) and the Egyptian Real- Estate Company (where he ensured citizens of Egypt… Continue Reading...

Do Not Go Gently Poem Dylan Thomas

world. References Thomas, D. (2012). Do not go gentle into that good night. Prentice Hall: literature, Grade 10, Part 2, Common Core Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. (pp. 679). Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781256493914 Continue Reading...

Nationwide Marijuana Legalization

the natural plant as a threat to its own market.   literature Review Deitch is in favor of legalizing marijuana as he shows that it was grown and used by the Founding Fathers and that it was never deemed dangerous or criminal until the pharmaceutical industry came to power.  Smith shows that legalization of marijuana can increase tax revenues exponentially and this would be great for the economy.  Advanced Holistic Health shows marijuana has been used for medicinal purposes for ten thousand years and has never been viewed as a harm to society the way it is criminalized in the… Continue Reading...

Policy Implementation Dietary Guidelines

With this in mind, it can be useful for advanced practice nurses (APNs) to review the literature that supports or does not support the current guidelines and recommendations. APNs must be aware of the guidelines’ influence upon how school lunches are prepared and even how the labels on foods appear, given that the dietary recommendations are often posted upon prepared and processed foods. Sugar Recommendations Perhaps the least controversial recommendation of the new US Dietary Guidelines is the recommendation to further reduce the individual’s consumption of sugar. Sugar has long been associated with increased weight and tooth decay. Given… Continue Reading...

High Working Performance in Organizations

and Giles, L. (2009). High Performance Working: A Synthesis of Key literature. UK Commission for Employment and Skills. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.612.340&rep=rep1&type=pdf Bititci, U. S., Carrie, A. S., & McDevitt, L. (1997). Integrated performance measurement systems: A development guide. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 17(5), 522–534. Briscoe, D. R., & Claus, L. M. (2008). Employee performance management: policies and practices in multinational enterprises. Performance management systems: A global perspective, 15-39. Bustin, G. (2014). Accountability: The key to driving a high-performance culture. New York: McGraw Hill Professional. Daft, R. L., & Marcic, D. (2016). Understanding management. New York: Nelson Education. Den Hartog, D. N., &… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Literary Analysis

that loves or supports him. References Achebe, C. (2012). Things fall apart. Prentice Hall: literature, Grade 10, Part 2, Common Core Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. (pp. 1053-1055). Retrieved from https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781256493914   Continue Reading...

Patricia Benner Novice to Expert Theory

acceptable. First and foremost, the stages have not been properly defined in literature. Secondly, the evidence she claims to have obtained from actual nursing practice is generally weak. The classification is also unreliable, and some experts claim it is not a valid representation of expertise (Marriner-Tomey, 1994). Practical application When graduated nurses get into the workforce, their mentors not only impart skills - they also enable new educative experiences, assist nurses in taking appropriate actions, and improve their network within the industry. Mentorship programs can therefore be looked at as excellent tools that influence graduated nurses to make sound… Continue Reading...

Expressionism and Noir

are full of texture and life. They have deep meaning and are worth looking into further. There is abundant literature about race as the unmentioned in noir film, with blackness as the depiction of the dark “other” which totally plunges the white character into the underworld. Devil in a Blue Dress pioneers in unearthing race form the depths to the limelight. The starring, Easy Rawlins (Denzel Washington) is black, and this reminds us throughout the piece how a potential typical noir film is swallowed by the expression of race. The 1940s L.A. featured blacks being used and abused by… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse Among Patients

gather information about this problem will be: 1) scholarly articles and literature published in peer-reviewed journals, 2) interviews with care providers in the geriatric service line, and 3) surveys of nurses in the geriatric service line. These three sources of data are important to developing a sense or scope of the problem and what areas need to be addressed most critically first and foremost. Each data source also helps to provide triangulation of data collection, which makes the research stronger and more compelling in terms of obtaining trustworthy data that is truly representative of the problem. The more sources… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Transitioning Using Dual Credits

that students face when they are transitioning to community college. These challenges will be covered in our literature review. literature Review The quality of instruction has been in question ever since the dual credit courses begun. A majority of the secondary educators that also teach advanced placement courses have noted some concerns with the quality of instruction they offer. According to (Lile et al., 2018) college professors have also noted that dual credit courses do not offer the same level of rigor that is required of college students. This means that the students would still suffer and struggle to… Continue Reading...

Chivalry the Shield and Sir Gawain

confession prepares his soul for eternity and is the right thing to do. Again, Kaeuper points out that “chivalric literature portrayed and reinforced this orthodoxy. It reminded the knights of the undeniable function of priests in the sacramental system of which they were willing, prudent participants. A layman, even a knight, needed priests as conduits for divine grace, especially at critical, liminal points in life.”[footnoteRef:13] At this moment in the story, the Green Knight symbolizes the priest—the last thing standing before God and man. The Green Knight hears the confession and accepts the contrition of Gawain as meaningful—and thus… Continue Reading...

Diabetes and Self Care

to improve glycemic control among the patients encountering high diabetic distress levels (Leeet al, 2018). literature Justification The study was in line with the buffering model for stress for social support. The study shows that autonomy support provided by a main health supporter may reduce the detrimental effect of diabetes related stress on glycemic control. While a higher level of diabetes distress was strongly linked to a higher 12- month HbA1c among the patients with the condition ranging from low to moderate levels of autonomy support that is perceived given by their main health supporter. The relationship was wholly… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Six Themes in Entrepreneurship

usually fail to obtain venture owing to their high level of risk associated with such businesses. literature in the finance field would give the suggestion that any investment with the ability to provide a return that is able to match the project risk with a positive and favorable forecasted relative return will be able to get financing. However, start-ups are usually risky business endeavors with statistics indicating that approximately half of newly established businesses disappear and die out within a span of 5 years (Maastricht School of Management, 2018: Theme 7). In spite of its popularity, there is substantial… Continue Reading...

Fieldwork Report for Special Education Classroom

of advanced vocabulary words, to enable students identify advanced vocabulary words in literature, and to enable students understand the meanings of vocabulary words. To achieve these objectives, the teacher utilized graphic organizers and musical pieces with advanced vocabulary words. Student responses was measured through examining his/her involvement in the classroom and using a test that was completed at the end of the lesson. Through incorporating musical pieces and graphic organizers in the classroom, the teacher utilized multisensory instructional approach. Students color coded text to identify advanced vocabulary words. They also listened to musical pieces and discussed advanced vocabulary words… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Its Methods

ends reduces coercive leadership’s effectiveness. Reflect on three articles you have chosen for the literature Review assignment. How will these articles help you proceed from here? The article by Epitropaki and Martin will help me to understand how to apply the different paradigms of transformational and transactional leadership. Both of these concepts are explored at length within this article. Specifically, the article has clarified for me the importance to receiving organizational support in relation to these different forms of leadership. That support can produce a profound impact on the effectualness of both transformational and transactional leadership. It also helps to… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

will also facilitate the reduction of negative stress for workers by promoting positivity and a sense of well-being. 5. literature Review It’s important to note that Framework for Study of Stress (Kahn and Byosiere, 1992) offer a major point of guidance for this study, even though it is not framework used. Kahn and Byosiere viewed stress as more likely to manifest as the result of four separate pillars of influence: stressors in organizational life (such as light or noise, or haziness regarding one’s job), properties of the situation as a stress increasers or moderators (such as the presence or absence… Continue Reading...

Africa and Cultural Studies

men and women. Data will be collected by examining the different literature sources that are available and not confining myself to any one literature genre. Scholarly literature is helpful but so too is art and news and all other sources of information. I will also conduct interviews with persons who are familiar with events in Africa so that I can have multiple data sources aside from literature genres. Ethics concerns regarding protecting persons’ identity should be considered, therefore. These will include making sure that interviewees give informed consent and that their identities are protected and not published. Participants will be… Continue Reading...

Army Leadership Issues

motivation to engagement and productivity (Fry, Vitucci & Cedillo, 2005). Although the terminology used in servant leadership literature and theory seem sometimes to conflict with the tenor of the organization, the impetus for change is clear. The Army has faced and continues to face ethical challenges, many of which have adversely impacted the functionality of the organization and which have certainly damaged its reputation and credibility (Allen, 2015). To remedy this problem, a cohort of dedicated military leaders have embarked on a mission to alter their managerial tactics, particularly when it comes to human resources development. My experiences in… Continue Reading...

Conflict and Negotiation the Bophuthatswana Crisis Of 1994

Real African Publishers. Klare, M. T. (2001). Resource Wars: The New Landscape of Global Conflict. Journal of Energy literature, 7, 2, 79-103. Metropolitan Books Korovin, K., Tsiskaridze, N., & Voronkov, A. (2009). Conflict resolution. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (Vol. 5732 LNCS, pp. 509–523). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04244-7_41 Lawrence, M., & Manson1, A. (1994). The ‘dog of the boers’’: The rise and fall of mangope in bophuthatswana.’ Journal of Southern African Studies, 20(3), 447–461. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057079408708413 Lentz, H. M. (2014). Heads of states and governments since 1945. London : Routledge Marina, O. (1993). South Africa: The struggle for a new… Continue Reading...

Dante: a Life by R.w.b. Lewis

one of the greatest epic poems in the whole history of literature. As Lewis notes, Dante’s respect for Beatrice was unparalleled. Her rebuke of him in Purgatory mirrored an actual rebuke from her that he received in real life before she died: Dante had fallen in love with Beatrice and began courting her openly—too openly for the tastes of the town (people began to talk) and that did not sit well with Beatrice. She was young but had “a certain maturity of mind” as Lewis puts it (76). When the met in the street, she cut him by not… Continue Reading...

The Elderly in America and Their Quality Of Life

is to provide a review of the relevant scholarly literature concerning these issues, followed by a summary of the research and key findings in the conclusion. Review and Discussion The World Health Organization (WHO) has advocated an aging model wherein the elderly remain robust and active. In this context, the definition of quality of life provided by WHO states that this is “individuals’ perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns” (as cited in Singh & Srivastava, 2014,… Continue Reading...

Case Study Of Copper Coil

the relationship between gender and perceptions of organizational support? literature Review Employee Turnover Employee turnover alludes to the proportion of employees who leave an organization and are supplanted by new employees. Imperatively, employee turnover generates chaos and mayhem within the entity and also additional costs incurred for hiring new employees. That is, when employees opt to leave an organization, there has to be time and resources that are invested into new employee recruitment, employment and training. Throughout the lifespan of any organization, there is an inevitability of employee turnover owing to growth and development. Nonetheless, it is essential for… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

S., & Smith-Norowitz, T. A. (2018). Female Genital Mutilation: Health Consequences and Complications - A Short literature Review. Obstetrics and Gynecology International. Hindawi Limited. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7365715 RC, B., & V, U. (2014). Immediate Health Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C). Place of publication not identified: Knowledge Centre for the Health Services at The Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH. WHO. (2019). Health risks of female genital mutilation (FGM), Sexual and Reproductive Health. Retrieved 27 February, 2019 from https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/fgm/health_consequences_fgm/en/ WHO. (2018). Female genital mutilation, World Health Organization. Retrieved 27 February, 2019 from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/female-genital-mutilation Continue Reading...

Learning Culture and Memory

benefits. A strong relationship between spoken language, behavior development and reading is supported by literature. People with limitations in the phonological processing are at a high risk of having decoding problems which later leads to reading comprehension problems. Those with listening comprehension problems, even if they can decode words, have a risk of developing reading comprehension problems. Therefore, language development can affect the success of a student. Based on the resources and my current knowledge, I believe I could develop areas of language acquisition, personally, that would be beneficial to me, my loved ones and friends (Ashford University Library).… Continue Reading...

Race and Racism Who Are You?

race, and the broader society.  Mok examined the autobiographical information and Asian American images from literature material in order to demonstrate the likely negative impact of being a minority person of color in the American society that has emphasized on a mono-racial beauty standard. Information gathered by Mok from primary Asian American sources frequently pointed to media as the potent information source dictating the manner in which attractiveness is measured and defined (185–202). Pham (1) describes the experiences of the Asian immigrants into America as diverse just as the experiences of their children born in the United States (Pham 1).… Continue Reading...

Reducing Patient Waiting Time for Better Patient Outcomes

nursing manager. The proposed changes may require financial investment and top tier approval from the hospital management. Step 3 literature Review- current best practices in Healthcare Scheduling Brandenburg et al. (2018) in evaluating the best practices in scheduling of healthcare examined how CEO’s in leading health systems in the United States handled the difficult issue concerning the waiting time through the healthcare continuum. The researchers reviewed crucial forces that shaped wait times in the healthcare environment and the evolution of tools and techniques from several industries in the quest to enhance healthcare access and drive towards a healthcare model that was… Continue Reading...

The Odyssey Role Of Women

views of men in the ancient civilization have been explored extensively in literature from the famous Kings of Israel to the mathematicians and philosophers of Greece. In contrast, the history entails limited literature of women in the ancient civilization. However, several masterpieces such as the Homeric poem, the Odyssey and the Iliad provides a glimpse of ideals, position, and role of women in the ancient civilization. Women play a fundamental role in life by taking multiple responsibilities as portrayed in the epic poem Odyssey. The epic poem presents the role of women in the facet of power, sexuality, and… Continue Reading...

Organization Development Culture and Employee Empowerment

The Importance of Motivation as a Company Strategy The literature abounds with evidence supporting the efficacy of employee motivation as a means of stimulating innovation, productivity, and organizational performance. For example, a survey of over 300 employees in one major organization found that employee empowerment in their respective roles was positively correlated with organizational agility, with empowerment being defined in terms of knowledge access, trust, motivation, and communication. Research on the relationship between employee motivation and organizational outcomes therefore begins with operationalization of the definitions of motivation and empowerment, as well as defining the terms… Continue Reading...

Mobile Devices Networking Performance and Security Related Issues

and performance as associated to mobile device networking. II. REVIEW OF literature A. SECURITY PROBLEMS Mobile networking and communication has come to be a pivotal aspect of everyday life. For instance, statistics indicate that at the onset of the 2017 fiscal year, the mobile network consisted of just about 5 billion users. A major and diverse mobile communication and application ecosystem has emanated in the past years. In the past number of decades, several security, performance and privacy issues in mobile network generations have been disclosed that threaten users in addition to network providers [2]. Security attacks can be categorized… Continue Reading...

Great Leaders in History

pp. 46-51. Della Quercia, Jacopo. "A Machiavellian Discourse on Game of Thrones." Game of Thrones versus History, 3 Mar. 2017, pp. 33-45. James, Missy, et al. Reading literature and Writing Argument. Pearson, 2017.   Continue Reading...

Qi Gong Religion and China

make it enticing for people to join the movement. Also, the availability (Penny 118) of many teachers and literature about Qi Gong skill are also incentives that are instrumental in helping people join the movement. The Qi Gong movement has provided a spiritual alternative that did not exist before. It has offered a balanced instruction regarding life and the spirit through conjoining the mind, body, and breathing to bring harmony to the mind and holiness of the heart and mind (Szonyi 317). Previously, medicine practitioners only provided the treatment of drugs but the movement of Qi Gong taught about… Continue Reading...

Opioid Crisis in the United States

overdose crisis, 2019). The purpose of this paper is to review the relevant literature to provide a concise description of opioids, the causes of the current crisis, and a summary of the most recent statistics concerning the number of fatalities caused by opioids in recent years. In addition, an assessment concerning what can be done to stem this ugly trend is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the current opioid epidemic in the United States in the conclusion. Review and Discussion What are opioids and what are the different types? Simply stated, opioids are… Continue Reading...

How to Be a Good Leader

nature can be found in the humanities—especially the great classic works of literature, which provide keen insights and understanding into what makes people tick. By reading some of these works, at least half an hour each day, I can deepen my insight into how people think, how they express themselves and their feelings, and what kind of responses they expect back from others in order for the exchange to be viewed as a good, positive and productive one. I also need to practice my communication skills, which I can do daily by setting aside a few minutes each day… Continue Reading...

How to Be a Good Leader

best sources of understanding human nature can be found in the humanities—especially the great classic works of literature, which provide keen insights and understanding into what makes people tick. By reading some of these works, at least half an hour each day, I can deepen my insight into how people think, how they express themselves and their feelings, and what kind of responses they expect back from others in order for the exchange to be viewed as a good, positive and productive one. I also need to practice my communication skills, which I can do daily by setting aside… Continue Reading...

Metoprolol and Cardiac Surgery

al., 2018). Turagam, et al., (2015)reports an estimated 30-40% prevalence rate of AF among patients undergoing cardiac surgery. literature Review Multiple pharmacological approaches have been developed to prevent postoperative AF (PoAF) including the Metoprolol to post-surgery (Turagam, et al., 2015). Clinical evidence of intervention mechanisms of preventing incidences of PoAF identifies that the approaches have a counteracting effect on PoAF on triggering factors. The underlying mechanisms or preventing PoAF centered around reducing inflammation with steroids, statins, polyunsaturated fatty acids or colchicine; controlling the neurohumoral system through amiodarone, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor beta-blockers; reducing the myocardial energy demands with beta- blockers or reducing… Continue Reading...

Temperament and Creativity Correlation

Relationship between Temperament and Creativity A Review of literature In seeking to establish the relationship between temperament and creativity, it would be prudent to define both temperament and creativity. However, in so doing, it should be noted that neither term has an assigned definition. Temperament, in the words of Necka and Hlawacz (2013), could be “conceptualized as the biologically rooted, mostly inborn, foundations for personality and other individual traits” (183). Hilda and Sneha (2017) on the other hand define temperament as “an individual's characteristic level of emotional excitability or intensity” (803).… Continue Reading...

Project Failure

into a successful venture. Reasons for Project Failure Pinto & Mantel (1990) states existing literature on project management has different definitions and unique examples of the concept of project failure. These researchers contend that the causes or reasons for project failure have been difficult to understand for academic researchers and practitioners. This is primarily because project failure is a tenuous concept whose definition has been controversial. Despite the seeming lack of consensus on the causes of project failure, project failure remains a reality that has contributed to numerous losses for many organizations across the globe. Project managers and researchers as well… Continue Reading...

Haze Problem in China

the weakening seasonal and winter mean surface winds as well as significant increase in global temperature. Problem Statement Existing evidence and literature demonstrates that haze has been a major environmental concern and public anxiety issue in China since 2013. This situation is fueled by two major factors i.e. he devastating impacts of global warming and industrialization/urbanization activities in China. An analysis of existing evidence shows that industrialization or urbanization processes are the major influential factors on the issue of haze in China. China continues to increase its industrialization and urbanization activities as its seeks to position herself as the next world… Continue Reading...

Fair Housing Act

Act, via a normative policy evaluation methodology. Collection of data was achieved through observation and literature review of materials that included policy guidelines as well as records for the housing agency. It is clear from the assessment of programs and processes that XXXX Housing Agency obeys all the state and federal conditions on housing, such as the Fair Housing Act. Nonetheless, in order to improve the Act and make it even more accommodating for the smaller groups, the following recommendations are suggested; (1) HUD should supervise and impose grantee’s jurisdiction-wide favorable fair housing responsibilities via a reviewed Analysis of… Continue Reading...

Hunger Eradication and Extreme Poverty

will be in Sub-Saharan Africa. References Addae-Korankye, A. (2014). Causes of Poverty in Africa: A Review of literature. 3(7), 7. AFdB. (2019). African Economic Outlook 2019. Africa Development Bank. Breisinger, C., Ecker, O., & Francois, J. (2015). Chapter 7: Conflict and Food Insecurity. Retrieved April 23, 2019, from https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/gfpr/2015/feature_3086.html ECA, & FAO. (2018). Regional Overview of Food Security and Nutrition. Addressing the threat from climate variability and extremes for food security and nutrition. 2018: ECA & FAO. FAO (Ed.). (2018). Building climate resilience for food security and nutrition. Rome: FAO. FAO. (2018). Ending poverty and hunger by investing in agriculture and… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality in Arabia

because of the lack of female contributions in both of these areas. literature Support Existent literature proves the fact that there historically has been a lack of female participation—as well as a lack of gender equality and women’s empowerment—in the GCC countries. Traditionally, this part of the world was characterized by “a patriarchal ethos and conservative religious social and cultural norms that underline the rights and privileges of men vis-à-vis women while limiting women’s rights” (European Parliament 17). Nonetheless, there are a host of changes which have taken place in these countries, and which will continue to take place to… Continue Reading...

Influence Of Child Abuse in Adulthood

no research specifically investigating how these aspects are connected to each other. Because of the gap in literature, there is limited understanding of exposure to trauma and the subsequent symptoms in the populace that affects our capacity to come up with effective treatments. Studies have proven that adverse childhood encounters are observed in people involved with the justice system. A study conducted on males of averagely 11 years that were referred to a clinic that offers sexual abuse services in London revealed that 3.1 percent had deliberated been sentenced of a sexual felony, and 8.5 percent has partaken in… Continue Reading...

Parental Involvement That Boost Young Children’s Academic Performance

of parental involvement or support that are effective for certain ages. literature Review It is widely known that different types of parental involvement and support have varying effects on student achievement depending on culture, age, gender, socio-economic class, and race. For instance, a study by Jeynes (2015) revealed that the support of a father is positively correlated with the academic performance of children regardless of the race or ethnic group. Other studies also show that simple provision of emotional anchor and encouragement may suffice students in many cases. Similarly, Gonzalez, Borders, Hines, et al. (2017) demonstrated that culturally specific parental… Continue Reading...

The Future Of Healthcare Technology

under study and development. However, an examination of the literature indicates that there is a significant amount of interest in the use of AI for diagnostic and treatment analysis. This technology is designed to assist physicians, and give them another tool, but it will not replace human intervention in the process. It is another set of eyes and gives the physician a level of information that they did not have access to in the past. Supercomputing Supercomputing is another form of information technology that is set to revolutionize the ability to solve data intensive problems in the healthcare industry.… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Temperament and Creativity

then moderate anger does not relate with creativity at all. literature review The issue of the relationship between temper and creativity has become appoint of discussion among scholars and researchers as well. Proponents of anger facilitates creativity have brought different ideas and knowledge to support their notions. Ford (2012) argues that angered people are more likely to be creative than the calm individuals. This is because temperamental people are able to brainstorm a particular subject matter in unstructured manner thus able to solve a particular thing as opposed to their fellow calm counterparts. The logic is that, when these two… Continue Reading...

Personal Learning the Field Of Qualitative Research

Knowledge/Theory. Research is mainly based on the already available theories and works of literature. Findings are supposed to add information to the already existing literature and theories. Develop an Intervention/Program. Research is aimed at developing a given program, intervention or product. Findings are supposed to directly add information and/or evidence of the concept of a given program or intervention. Evaluate something. Research is aimed at evaluating a product, intervention or program. Research is focused on specific aspects. The results entail the evaluation. Inform a Larger Study. The main purpose of the study is to make information available required for the… Continue Reading...

Reviewing a Grant Proposal

writer of the grant proposal introduces adaptation theory for the English literature review related to dance. Writer notes how dance has been used to capture literature. However, what has not been explored is dance becoming literature. Meaning notable American modern dance choreographers and their memoirs, how-to guides, autobiographies, and criticisms. These various forms of literature on dance provide an idea of how dance can be turned into something worth of review from a literary standpoint. Moreover, the writer points out the choreographic memoir as the best example of such form. Therefore, the writer aims to explore choreographic memoirs and… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory

evaluation of the complicated self on a good-bad continuum is carried out in the literature of self-acceptance (Nielsen, Szentagotai-Tatar, Gavita & Lupu, 2013). Acceptance is also hard to define. According to etymology, it is an act of taking willingly or with favor. According to Williams and Lynn (2010), there are five ways to describe acceptance 1) Non- attachment: This defines agreeing to objects of experience and that they wane and wax and then permit them to come and go naturally, can be preferred to any attempts geared towards controlling or retaining them 2) Non avoidance: this is keeping away… Continue Reading...

Recent Immigration in the United States

Review, 9(2), 108–130. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0902_2 Payant, K., & Rose, T. (1999). The immigrant experience in North American literature: Carving out a niche. Westport: Greenwood Press. Pechie, J. S. (2015). The Italian immigrants’ assimilation into American culture and the subsequent impact on food, language and last names (Master’s Thesis, University of New York College). Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.brockport.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1542&context=ehd_theses Ran, A., & Fabi, B. (2006). Migration and human capital: Self-selection of indentured servants to the Americas. Journal of Economic History, 66(4), 882–905. Ran, A., Platt, B., Katherine, E. (2013). Have the poor always been less likely to migrate? Evidence from inheritance practices during… Continue Reading...

Wrongful Convictions Exonerations and Race

public, academia and policy interest as people push for an infallible justice system. While recent strand of literature has been case studies (qualitative research), another strand of literature has focused on regression analysis of multiple cases (quantitative research). Another line of research has focused on the causes of wrongful convictions. Smith & Hattery (2011) and the consequences of wrongful convictions (Zalman et al., 2012). Smith & Hattery (2011)) identified false or coerced confessions; class and race; careless forensic work; mistaken eyewitness testimony; unethical police and prosecutor misconduct; insufficient defense counsel; and juror bias as the causes of wrongful convictions.… Continue Reading...

Teenage Health Vulnerabilities with Substance Abuse United States

succinct comparison of the results obtained to the outcomes that were attained from other research studies in the existent literature and thereafter provide the overall significance of the research findings. Lastly, any kind of limitations faced in the research study will be pointed out, in addition to reasons for the measurement errors and also prospects of future research studies. Presentation of the study will also include an oral and PowerPoint presentation. It is imperative to note that these presentations will be fundamentally similar to that of the written report and will include the aforementioned section comprising: introduction, methods, results,… Continue Reading...