Manufacturing Essays


Minimum Wage in the United States

kiosks and automated drink-filling machines as opposed to the fully manual processes of yesteryear (Rubics, 2015). The offshoring of manufacturing and other jobs that involve simple tasks or products that has been doing on for quite some time now is just further proof that many businesses will simply not accept paying their labor more than a certain amount or percentage of their overall budgets and revenues.   Conclusion In the end, it is clear that the minimum wage should remain roughly the same in terms of adjusted dollars as the years go on. At the same time, there should… Continue Reading...

Occupational Health Hazards Associated with Chemicals

health hazards associated with chemicals in workplaces. Having a plan in writing, which describes how a particular manufacturing unit will execute the HCS, is mandatory for every workplace that exposes workers to dangerous chemicals. Plan preparation is no mere paper exercise. Whatever has been formulated should be put into practice for complying with the law. It is not necessary to have a complex or detailed plan. The intent is only to have a blueprint that aids program implementation -- a guarantee that every facet required has been covered. For instance, the written blueprint needs to have a list of chemicals… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

plants and walk for a total distance of five miles daily, to and fro between the forest and the manufacturing unit, carrying baskets which, when filled, weigh about fifty pounds -- for a mere dollar per day is available. Owing to Colberia's low living standards, a majority of its citizens reside in simple huts without running water or electricity. On the other hand, executives of the company reside in an opulent locale, replete with tennis courts, golf course and swimming pools. The extensive activities of Pharmacare in the Colberian nation have damaged its habitat and threatened the existence of… Continue Reading...

North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta)

on one's perspective and ideas about outsourcing and the shifting of manufacturing. To use the perspective of the United States in particular, the outsourcing of jobs to countries like Mexico has hit the unskilled manufacturing sector rather hard. However, it has been a boon to American companies in terms of their bottom line and it has probably driven (or kept) prices low due to lower manufacturing costs. The author of this response heard more than one person complain about how there are not jobs for people that are unskilled However, it has also been heard by the author that… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

should seek a better articulation between the two (Harner, 2007). Many people think of manufacturing when it comes to offshoring and outsourcing. However, this is far from being the truth as many firms outsource information technology and other service sector jobs as well. That being said, Mexico usually falls behind other countries like India and other countries in Asia when it comes to the destinations for these jobs. Of course, Mexico would be wise to take advantage of whatever they can glean in the form of outsourcing given that getting such jobs is much more economically and socially advantageous than… Continue Reading...

Minimum Literacy Skills in the 21st Century

"simple" careers are being shipped overseas. For example, it is entirely reasonable for high-tech manufacturing to be done in the more developed countries. However, simpler things like clothes and such are shipped overseas, usually to parts of Asia. manufacturing is just one iteration and example of a wider paradigm that is basically requiring and compelling people to be more advanced and educated, at least on a street smarts level. For example, if someone's car is acting up or will not start, an "average" person should be able to figure out what is probably wrong based on what is happening,… Continue Reading...

Planning the Future at Galaxy Toys

2008). With reference to Galaxy Toys, an American toy manufacturing company, this paper explores the planning process. In the first part, a SWOT analysis of the company is provided, along with a choice and justification of the best long-term planning decision for the company. In the second part, the paper differentiates between goals and objectives based on a formulated list of goals and objectives. Part One: SWOT Analysis and Long-Term Planning Founded in 1956 by George Jepson and his wife, Galaxy is involved in designing, manufacturing, and selling space-themed children's toys primarily in the U.S. The company has over… Continue Reading...

Heineken Case Study

statuses and positions in the global market, but are also attaining more proficiencies in manufacturing and distribution. Devoid of acting upon this trend indicates that the company runs the risk of falling behind and losing its string position in the global market. Another trend is international consolidation. This is important to Heineken because the other companies attained domination in the global markets from being a company that was not previously largely renowned by consumers. Another trend is the growth of the Hispanic population. This is important to the company because the Hispanic population is responsible for 25% of the… Continue Reading...

Project Management Fundamentals

A notable difference between the role of the project manager in car manufacturing and the other two types of projects is that their role in the former tends to be much longer depending on the lifecycle of the product in question, while in the latter their role entails delivering a project with a defined timeline and budget (Shina, 2014). In essence, a project manager in the car manufacturing context would be responsible for the continuous success of the product, particularly due to the evolving nature of customer requirements. In conclusion, project management is undoubtedly a daunting task for the… Continue Reading...

Continuous Change and Diversity

of introducing change into a company is Toyota's lean manufacturing. Lean manufacturing helped Toyota achieve the success it has today. It not only led to awards and profits, but also to widespread recognition and adoption of their management concepts. Companies looking to build on lean manufacturing collected information through researchers and consultants in order to come to the conclusion that change was needed to improve their productivity and revenues. In fact, researchers and consultants should be a part of a continuous change model as they are the ones that clue organizations and companies in on what new information is… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

business, small-scale, home office and home, product type, and large corporation. HP Market Development Processes - Appraisal Deciding manufacturing plants' and distribution facilities' ideal location and number is no easy decision. The company needs to balance elements like order response time, local-content laws, obligations, occupancy and labor costs, transportation costs and time, marketing value of local production presence, and fixed asset replication. Centralized distribution by employing a single warehouse/depot for serving a number of regions normally reduces costs (Feitzinger & Lee, 1997). On the other hand, decentralized networks typically enable businesses to deliver improved services to their clients. By rethinking supply… Continue Reading...

Different but Related Accounting Scenarios

the points of focus that a company decides is important. For example, a manufacturing company would almost certainly parse out how much each item makes in terms of profit. Beyond that, the overhead and other costs would be proportionately distributed based on sales, resources committed and so forth. Indeed, taking a high level approach when it comes to internal income statements is important. However, drilling down and figuring out what is working, what is not and so forth from revenue and profit margin standpoints is crucial when it comes to making the proper business decisions. Another way of looking… Continue Reading...

Patriarchs and Dysfunctional Families in the Bible

is therefore dangerous business (Breuggeman, 2003, p. 72). Yet such blatant manufacturing of faith and cultural identity are integral to the human experience. If perpetuating myths becomes critical to the maintenance of one's cultural, personal, or social identity, then it becomes important to revisit the Biblical narratives to find meaning and purpose in current social structures. All mothers are indeed valued in the story of Abraham and his two sister-wives. Motherhood is deemed the only meaningful, legitimate, spiritual calling for females of the human race; whereas males have other options. Moreover, women who enter into contracts with their employers… Continue Reading...

Ductile Nature Of Aluminum Alloys

Porous Alloys In the recent years, various developments have been made concerning the manufacturing methods used in the production of foams from aluminum alloys. The results of various tests conducted indicate that closed cell powder-route aluminum foams are among the strongest and stiffest commercial aluminum foams in the market. Additionally, the tests showed that aluminum foams have low density and are attractive in that they are attractive materials for the cores of sandwich tubes, shells, and panels (Mccullough et al. 2323). Aluminum foams have many other desiring properties including good electrical conductivity, high-energy absorption, high fire retardance, relatively low thermal… Continue Reading...

Strategic Policy and Planning at Dell Computers

seen the company lauded as one of the most efficient in the industry in terms of procurement, manufacturing, and distribution. The company's competitive advantage further stems from its strong brand presence worldwide, creative advertising, unparalleled e-commerce capabilities, an increasingly diversified product portfolio, and excellent customer-service. Other strengths include quality- and cost-driven partnerships with suppliers, strong financial performance, localized manufacturing, rigorous quality control systems, as well as visionary leadership under its founder Michael Dell. Despite these strengths, a number of weaknesses cannot be ignored. For instance, the company has historically paid little attention to the consumer market -- its sales… Continue Reading...

Evolution Of Management Style at Galaxy Toys

thought, however, presents its own merits and demerits. With reference to Galaxy Toys, Inc., an American toy manufacturing company, this case study provides an analysis of how the style of management in the organization has evolved from the mid-20th century to the 21st century. The case study particularly identifies two management theories that depict the organization's style of management in the late 1960s as well as the late 1980s and early 1990s. Attention is also paid to the organization's style of management in the 21st century. Background Galaxy Toys Inc. is a toy manufacturing company mainly serving the U.S.… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain

answered. When it comes to productions, a company like Acme Widget manufacturing would have two distinct parts to its supply chain and logistical operations. They would have the raw materials and parts that go into the widget manufacturing process. This is the first part of the statement above. On the other wise, there is the distribution that comes out the other end which would be the results of the "production process." In other words, completed widgets would be the second part of the quoted statement. These are the items that go to the people that buy widgets from the… Continue Reading...

Apple Investment and Financial Analysis

worth of market capitalization. While Apple designs the bulk of their products in the United States, the company's manufacturing plants are located in China. Apple also operates in Europe, Japan, Canada, and Latin America. (Apple Inc. 2015). Board of Directors Apple Inc. Board of Directors is overseeing by the company CEO (Chief Executive Officer) and other competent senior management. The Board oversees the day-to-day operations of the company as well as assuring the shareholder's long-term interests. Moreover, Apple Inc. Boards take the proactive approach to set the ethical standards by maintaining high ethical approach and responsibility. Based on the… Continue Reading...

Change Management

of a new product development process implementation in a manufacturing firm. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 30(4), 712-731. Hughes, M. (2007). The tools and techniques of change management. Journal of Change Management, 7(1), p 37 -- 49.7 Huy, Q. N. & Mintzberg, H. (2003). The Rhythm of Change. MIT Sloan Management Review, 44(4), 79-84. Live, T. (2016). Theoretical foundations for organic change (part 2 of 5). Retrieved September 3, 2016, from http://www.tomlive2.com/leadership-theoretical-foundations-for-organic-change-part-2-of-5/ Mangundjaya, W. H. (2015). People or trust in building commitment to change? Journal of Developing Areas, 49(5), 67-78. Molineux, J. (2013). Enabling organizational cultural change using systemic… Continue Reading...

Australian Economic Growth

(Trading Economics, 2016). The other sectors that have contributed to the growth of the economy are the manufacturing and construction sectors. Investment in mining is one of the contributing factors that have steered the growth of the Australian economy in the past five years. A good example is the U.S.$40 billion investment Gorgon Liquid Natural Gas project. In particular, Australia has been significantly exporting natural resources, energy and food. What is more, the plentiful and varied natural resources within the nation have been drawing high levels of investment from foreign parties and encompass widespread renewable sources of energy (Focus… Continue Reading...

Activity Based Costing at Amazon

the world of e-commerce. Implementing ABC and Associated Benefits Though the ABC method is traditionally used in the manufacturing industry, it can as well be used in the service sector (Stefano & Filho, 2013). By adopting the ABC system, Amazon can reap significant benefits. Nonetheless, this can only be achieved with proper implementation. In many cases, adopting ABC ends up being a disaster largely due to poor implementation. The first step in implementing ABC is to have a comprehensive understanding of the management of the system and their role throughout the entire process (Cokins, 2001). Without management commitment and understanding of… Continue Reading...

Auditors Regulatory Oversight

The recent accounting scandal of Olympus Corporation, a Japanese manufacturing company for cameras and endoscopes is selected for this study. The company's scandal encompassed a 13-year period of accounting irregularities totaling almost $1.7 billion (Infinit Accounting, 2014). Audit Report Issued by CPA Firm When Michael C. Woodford was appointed as president and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Olympus Corporation, he endeavored to make certain that the financial statements of the company were accurate and reliable. It is at this time that he discovered doubtful transactions in the statements of financial position of the company, with respect to the expenses… Continue Reading...

Fiber Composite Article Review

IM nails and other biomedical applications. The authors continue with section 2: material and experimental methods highlighting the manufacturing of Epoxy/Flax/Glass specimens. These composite plates have angle ply and unidirectional staking sequences. They are made using twelve layers of flax fibers as the core and four layers of glass fiber. The general study design included testing such as tension, Rockwell hardness tests, compression, and three point bending. The tests were performed to identify mechanical properties of the Epoxy/Glass/Fiber composite specimens. The authors examined flexural modulus, longitudinal strength, flexural strength, and Young's modulus and hardness. The objective included determining the… Continue Reading...

Workforce Diversity

can as well be important in preparing the organization for a culturally diverse market. Question 4 For Acme manufacturing to successfully expand its operations into Mexico, a proper transition plan is important. To effectively manage the resultant diversity, the organization must incorporate diversity into its overall strategic plan. Linking diversity plans to strategic goals and objectives is vital for the successful management of diversity (U.S. Department of Commerce and NPR, n.d.). In the case of Acme, strategic diversity planning may entail ensuring proportionate representation of employees from the U.S. and Mexico, creating forums for employees from the two sides to meet… Continue Reading...

Strategies for Achieving Competitive Advantage

and power within the market as a result of its efficacious and unified amalgamation of the components of suppliers, manufacturing, warehousing and distribution within the supply chain. To begin with, the company has been able to collect and analyze information from its store levels and this data has been beneficial to Walmart store managers to ascertain the products being sold and their quantity levels. As a result, the store managers are able to place fitting orders to the manufacturing department. By utilizing a digital system, the managers across the organization are able to undertake the forecasting of supplier demands,… Continue Reading...

Walmarts Marketing Strategies

store. What is more, technological devices are also utilized in connecting the data from manufacturing in order to solve comprehensive and detailed questions and can be employed in managing the labor force in the instances where associated technologies are required in other parts of the retail store (Interbrand Design Forum, 2012). Comment by babyliza: Not referenced Actions to Take Advantage of the Consumer Trends in the Evolution of Retailing I am in agreement with Walmart regarding the use of nontraditional forms of retailing. In the contemporary, the retail landscape is completely dissimilar compared to how it was a decade… Continue Reading...

Accounting for a Lease

Key Issues Sable., a company located in San Fransico, CA, specializes in the manufacturing of heavy equipment and have different financing options for clients to own or lease the heavy equipment that they produce. The first option is to purchase the machinery in a traditional standard sale for a lump sum price of $135,000 in which the customers purchases the equipment outright. Another option is for a client to lease the equipment for a period of ten years and pay the lease payment on an annual basis. Sable has been charging $16,000 annually each year to lease the equipment during… Continue Reading...

Project Management

strategic partnerships, the firm is also involved in the manufacturing of renewable energy equipment such as solar cells and wind turbines. The firm was established in 2006, and has made tremendous progress in the short duration it has been in operation. With a current capacity of 190 megawatts (MW), the firm is one of the major producers of renewable energy and suppliers of renewable energy equipment and infrastructure. The firm has recorded fairly positive performance over the years, and has been commended severally for its significant impact on the renewable energy market, both locally and internationally. Objectives and Importance… Continue Reading...

Legal Liability for Environmental Law Violation

and natural gas since they are fuels in the manufacturing process. Given that resin manufacture is a high-volume procedure, profitability of companies that manufacture the product is dependent on their operating efficiencies. While large companies have significant economies of scale for purchasing raw materials and production, small companies compete effectively through manufacturing specialty resins and fibers. As the CEO of PRC, a small manufacturing in this industry, Gina is facing a legal issue because of her decision to let employees dump waste into the river in order to enhance the profitability of her company and avoid being fired. Gina's… Continue Reading...

Marketing

marketing strategy is marketing new Coca-Cola packaging that is very innovative. Coca-Cola is one of the manufacturing organizations in the world. It also boasts of the biggest distribution and marketing networks of any non-alcoholic beverage in the world. It is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, in the United States. The company is best known for the Coca-Cola drink. The company is currently aggressively marketing Diet Coke which is being marketed as a "healthy soda" with Vitamins B12, Vitamin B6, Magnesium, Zinc and Niacin. The company is appealing to a rising group of health conscious consumers who are opposed to drinks… Continue Reading...

Technology Adoption in a Call Center Enterprise

Mehrotra, 2007). Operation Technology (OT) helps in the creation of physical value as well as in the process of manufacturing. It consists of sensors, software and devices needed for the control and monitoring of equipment in a plant as well as the plant as a whole. On the other hand, Information technology (IT) brings together all the required pieces of technology to help in the processing of information. The last decade saw several companies manage IT and OT as independent entities with different technology protocols, governance models, organizational units, stacks and protocols. Nonetheless, the past few years has seen… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

placed with regard to the areas of delivery lead times, reliability, cost and quality. Traditional, resource-based manufacturing process design and management fails when it comes to satisfying the above conditions (Schverak, 2010). Efficiently managed logistical systems entailing goal-focused process design will be able to offer corporations sustainable competitive edges over rivals, owing to the fact that good logistics management increases client satisfaction, lowers costs and maintains delivery quality. The military domain can be considered as a frontrunner in logistics process implementation. After all, the word "logistics" first began to be used extensively in military circles. Researchers usually hold that… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

also play into the engineer's program, because of the link between manufacturing plant locations and socio-economic inequalities (Michelfelder & Jones, 2013). However, immediate toxins and pollutants are only one facet of the overall engineering ethics related to environmental justice and sustainability. The longer-term impacts of engineering on climate change and pollution also need to be considered part of professional duty. As Michelfelder & Jones (2013) put it, "sustainability should be included in the paramountcy clause because it is a necessary condition to ensure the safety, health, and welfare of the public," (p. 237). Engineers stand at the forefront of… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

environmental management. This entails pollution prevention (state-of-the-art technologies or procedures employed in manufacturing), control (end of pipe processes that include physical equipment), and product management (improvements to product lifecycles through decreased material consumption, product reuse, and recycling). Organizational social performance denotes stakeholder management. The organization needs to take care of key stakeholders' (i.e., workforce, suppliers, and community) interests. The chief emphasis is organizational appraisal with regard to adherence to fundamental human rights norms and procedures. Personnel relations indicate a company's employment systems and policies including personnel engagement, satisfaction with their job and firm, safety and health initiatives, and equality… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

the villages. This was a time of great economic development, infrastructure improvements including dikes, agriculture, manufacturing (such as ceramics), and foreign trade The bureaucratic regime lasted only for 40 years, then the aristocrats start to rebel, leading to disruptions in trade, and weakening the government The Mac family of the Lower Red River Delta creates peace again. They also embolden the Confucian values, increasingly patriarchal social institutions. This period lasts all the way to the 16th century. In 1592, the Nguyen and Trinh clans drive out the Mac and restore the Le clan to throne, even though the Nguyen and… Continue Reading...

Toyota Center Of Houston Rockets

the company also successfully opened an eight-hundred-million-dollar Tundra pickup manufacturing unit in the year 2006 in Texas's San Antonio, in addition to a Chinese unit (the Chinese were huge fans of their countryman Yao Ming and the Houston Rockets). Through the agreement, the following distinct additions were made to the basketball center: 1. Broadcast exposure and the whole facility, including its parking lot, highlighting Toyota's presence in the form of numerous areas and displays named after the company and its many brands. 2. Signage at the five entrances into the edifice, including a huge neon sign situated at the… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Strategies

able to keep a trail on major patterns. Subsequently, they shift facilities, alter supply sources, and if possible, outsource manufacturing and production. For example, when HP began manufacturing ink-jet printers in the 80s period, the company established both its manufacturing and research and development divisions in Washington (Lee, 2004). In particular, the company wanted the teams for product development and manufacture to work in tandem since ink-jet technology was in its infancy, and the major printer market was in the United States. As the level of demand increased in different regions of the globe, the company established manufacturing facilities… Continue Reading...

Strategic Importance Of Outsourcing in U.s. Manufacturing Company

Strategic Importance of Outsourcing in U.S. manufacturing Company An increase in market competitions, decision to lower production costs and shortened time to market are the driving forces that make a large number of manufacturing companies adopting the outsourcing policy. Outsourcing is the management policy of allowing the third party external providers to take up the activities of non-core activities of an organization to make firms focusing on the core businesses. In the contemporary global business environment, firms are required to produce the innovative products, and developing a new… Continue Reading...

Leadership Power Of Steve Jobs and Arnold Schwarzenegger

goals, it is necessary to examine some examples. When working with VLSI Technology, a company manufacturing chips for Apple, he is document it as barging into a meeting and telling the members that they were all "fucking dickless assholes," demanding that the chips would be delivered on time. The leveraging of this power obviously worked, the chips were delivered on time (Love, 2011). Jobs whilst the CEO of Apple, so had the power to punish for non-delivery. Another example may be seen early in his career, when working at Atari (Love, 2011). Jobs recruited Wazniak to come and help him… Continue Reading...

Ultimate Nutrition Policy Statement

suppliers and production factories, to ensure production in proper working conditions, the personnel manufacturing them are treated humanely and respectfully, and compensated fairly. In particular, the ethical framework will guide the strategic decisions of the firm as it pertains to child labor practices in relation to various parts of the world. Code of Conduct Child Labor Ultimate Nutrition does not condone any aspect of child labor within its business operations and with associated firms, such as suppliers and local partners. The term "child" shall refer to any individual that is below the mandated age for finishing education, or below… Continue Reading...

Health Safety in Manufacturing Company

Response Low back injuries are a common and costly concern for several companies, particularly manufacturing firms. These injuries have several causes taking into account wrenches and tensions from over-exertion, tumbles, material handling, and auto accidents. This analysis considers the most common injuries experienced in the manufacturing company, which is associated with material handling tasks. My response to the COO as to whether the manufacturing company should establish a policy that would require workers to wear back belts when performing lifting or other material handling tasks when at work would be a 'no'. This is largely because the efficacy… Continue Reading...

The Grand Chessboard Book Analysis

are the registered American companies, however, more than 90% of their manufacturing operations are in the low-cost countries such as China, Mexico, India, and Vietnam. The issue has made many low -skilled Americans jobless leading to a rise of new international political economic systems. Typically, China has become indispensable to the American economy since China supplies low-cost labor to the American companies, thus, American-China cordial relationship is vital to the international peace and security. A challenge to the American economic power can be detrimental to the U.S. economic global dominance because if China refuses to supply their labor in… Continue Reading...

Chinese Sport Venue and Market Values

value has been accelerated based on the current improvement of the Chinese manufacturing industry. Currently, the China is the "world largest manufacturer of the sporting goods equipment" (Chamber of Commerce, 2015 p 1), and the wholesale sporting industry is estimated reaching $35 billion. Since the China's disposable income has increased, and the country sporting industry does business with the rest of the world, thus, sales from event promotion, concession, and ticket sales have increased. Chinese sports Venue Availability and Operation Conditions China has 9 sports venues in the major Chinese cities. There are also 28 sports venues by the… Continue Reading...

Dsm Manufacturing when Network Analysis Meets Business Reality Case

location for the new contract manufacturer, taking into account the data and constraints provided. DSM manufacturing has contracted Phil and Jim to assess the supply chain and ascertain the most ideal and optimal location for a contract manufacturer. There are numerous constraints. To start with, 15% of the product volume would emanate from Asia, whereas the rest of it would emanate from Marshall town in Iowa, which is DSM manufacturing's core location. Secondly, 10% of the product volume from Asia would have to be routed through quality control in Marshall town prior to being shipped to the contract packager. In… Continue Reading...

Silo Manufacturing Company

Silo manufacturing Company (SMC) is situated in Beaune, France. The manufacturing company is a regional provider of grain tower, also referred to as silos, for farms. In particular, the core business of Silo manufacturing Company is the production of the grain elevators. However, in recent periods, Silo manufacturing Company has expanded and propagated their business to take into account the most recent and cutting-edge in agricultural engineering services for elevator design. In this case, the paper attempts to resolve a prevailing issue between Fred Ferguson, the Financial Comptroller and Peter… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

class, sectors, regions, and countries. "study comparisons among class (upper, middle and lower), sectors ( manufacturing, services and others), regions (urban and rural) and nations. Scholars can design studies to examine the impact of factors like industry, family, culture and goal orientation in women founded enterprises" (Yadav and Unni, 2016, p. 7). By expanding to include these key areas, the understanding of women entrepreneurship increases. It can lend not just to detailing how women deal with being an entrepreneur within such varied settings, but it can also provide a means of helping society see how innovative and progressive women entrepreneurs… Continue Reading...

Capital Investments in Emerging Markets

company's center of operations is situated in Boston. In particular, the manufacturing company has various business operations in different segments. These include oil and gas, power and water, aviation and transportation. This shows the company's versatility in manufacturing as it ranges from the engineering industry to automotive industry. The company's prevailing revenue generated lies in the range of $140.39 billion as of the 2015 fiscal year. In the 2012 financial year, the company was ranked as the fourth biggest firm in the world. General Electric Company manufactures aircraft engines, locomotives and other transportation apparatus, lighting, electric control gear, generators… Continue Reading...

Crisis Situations

officials. Public Health and Safety In February 2016, Johnson & Johnson, a multinational firm involved in manufacturing medical devices as well as pharmaceutical and consumer packaged products, attracted the attention of the public following the verdict of a case involving one of its products with talcum powder. The judiciary ordered the firm was to pay $72 million in damages to the family of a woman whose death was linked to ovarian cancer caused by the powder. Following intense condemnation on social media, the firm faced a major public relations crisis. The verdict has immense potential to change public attitudes towards the… Continue Reading...

Cost Accounting for Sleepease Ltd

a method for appraising or valuing a firm's total inventory by including all manufacturing costs as product costs, regardless of whether they are variable or fixed and therefore it is frequently referred as the full cost method." (Nawaz, 2013 p 50). Accordingly, the company will be able to determine costs of a product after determining both the variable costs and fixed costs. Sleepease will derive several benefits from using the absorption costing for the production of their product. First, the absorption costing will assist the company to take the account of all the production costs because the absorption costing… Continue Reading...

Steel Industry Operations

by Thomas Bessemer (Misa, 1995). The steel industry closely coincides with the manufacturing industry, since steel is utilized in the manufacturing of a number of different products and services (Ruddick, 2016). Therefore, those who work in this industry oftentimes do so in a manufacturing capacity. This industry is also intrinsically related to the supply chain industry, for the simple fact numerous companies need steel. I am interested in joining this industry for a number of different reasons. Most likely the capital reason is that I have long been enamored with steel. In particular, I am attracted to its most… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

the child has been abused sexually for the purposes of manufacturing pornography for commercial purposes. The child will have signs of sexual assault including genital bruising, but in some cases, the child will also have other signs of being physically assaulted. Head trauma, bruises, and impaired brain development are all linked and associated with physical abuse in children (Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2013, p. 4). Other physical issues that the child may exhibit, and which may continue throughout the individual's life, include eating disorders, obesity, and even diabetes, poor lung functioning, hypertension, asthma, cardiovascular, and liver disease (Child Welfare… Continue Reading...

Platos Myth Of the Cave and Technology Today

banking to customer service, air traffic control, airport management, health care, transport, military, manufacturing, agriculture, and so forth. Even everyday household appliances are controlled by computerised applications and processes, such as microwaves, dishwashers, laundry machines, television sets, and home theatres. Computers certainly have made our lives easier. Every day processes are now automated, reducing the time, effort, and cost needed to accomplish those tasks. But have computers blinded us from the underlying dangers? Nicholas Carr is one of the most ardent critics of human dependence on computers. He argues that overdependence on computers has increasingly diminished the ability of… Continue Reading...

Rivalry Strategy Tool

Intensity of Rivalry within the Smartphone manufacturing Industry 1. Number and Relative Size of Competitors 1 2 3 4 5 Top 4 competitors combined industry market share <40% (X 40-50%) 50-60% 60-70% >70%       The worldwide smartphone manufacturing industry is significantly competitive. The top four competitors in the smartphone manufacturing industry comprise of Samsung, Apple, Huawei and OPPO. In accordance to statistics from the 3rd Quarter of the 2016 fiscal year, Samsung was number 1 in the industry with a market share of 21 percent. Second was Apple with a market share of 12.5 percent.… Continue Reading...

Fujitsu Limited Case

market, supported the birth of TechShop Inside, and led to the introduction of cloud computing and design and manufacturing services. As seen from its history, Fujitsu has been in the business of innovation. Introducing new, more innovative products is what has kept the firm going in the rapidly changing technology environment. Even so, there is still room for improvement. It is imperative for the firm to enhance its strategic innovation. According to Pisano (2015), innovation capabilities may diminish if an organisation does not constantly reinvent its strategy. Hewlett-Packard (HP), Yahoo, and Nokia are ideal examples of innovative companies that… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

a cultural desire for the so-called health craze; the business sectors were instrumental in manufacturing and/or providing products and services for consumers related to the cultural aims suggested in the advertising realm. Celebrities played a large role in depicting the kind of health/fitness projection that Westerners could emulate. The consumer demand for fitness apparel -- storing in one's closet the requisite workout outfit worn by models in commercials -- had as much to do with the dominant rise of the fitness industry as the gyms themselves: consumer consciousness was an essential driver of the fitness industry throughout the 20th… Continue Reading...

Systems Development Process

in the monitoring and controlling of critical installations in manufacturing and industrial facilities. The reason why the federal authorities are concerned about SCADA attacks is that they can prospectively have very severe consequences. In recent periods, there has been an increase in cyber-attacks across the globe, which has prompted the need for increasing security and placing measures in place to curb such risks. A great worry is that Stuxnet was a virus that was employed to harm the vital infrastructures of foreign governments (Infosec Institute, 2016). Stuxnet is understood to have been intended to damage uranium enhancement centrifuges at… Continue Reading...

Types Of Information Systems for Startup Business

companies, the key business functions include: Sales and Marketing, HR, Finance and Accounting, and manufacturing. Present-day startups require information systems for monitoring all their business operations, such as business planning, material acquisition, production, quality control and delivery to markets. In view of the aforementioned key business roles of startup companies, the chief information systems required are; Marketing and Sales Information Systems, Production and manufacturing Information Systems, Accounting and Finance Information Systems, Strategic Information Systems, Enterprise Collaboration or Office Automation Systems and HR Information Systems (Al-Mamary, Shamsuddin & Aziati, 2014). Functions of Information Systems Sales and Marketing Information Systems Marketing… Continue Reading...

Kiwi Medical Devices Limited

Selecting the best country to locate off-shore manufacturing operations can be a difficult decision owing to the complexities involved in global supply chain operations. The various available options must be carefully evaluated if the desired outcomes are to be successfully achieved. With manufacturing costs in New Zealand on the rise, Kiwi must select a country that offers more competitive costs combined with an acceptable level of risk. Of the four most preferable countries (China, Indonesia, Mexico, and Slovakia), Mexico offers the best location. An important priority for the company as far as reducing… Continue Reading...

Innovation Distribution Co. Supply Chain Risk Case

center in Alliance Fort Worth Mean Variance Standard Deviation Time for processing and manufacturing order at Dong Hai Moving Container by Rail from Chengdu to Shanghai Loading to ship at Port of Shanghai Pacific Ocean to Port of Long Beach Clearing Customs and Unloading at Long Beach Long Beach to Alliance Fort Worth 4 Total lead time for Dong Hai 43 11.9025 3.45 Actual Days for order in Transit 28 Therefore, the average time is 43 days. ii. The average time for an order filling a TEU container to come from CousinsAg in Wahoo, Nebraska to the distribution center in Alliance Fort Worth… Continue Reading...

Globalisation and Business Cultures and Practices

The increased uniformity of business practices is not restricted to the financial industry. The modern global manufacturing industry is now heavily influenced by practices that originated in Japan. Management practices based on models such as total quality management (TQM) and lean principles are now popular across the globe. This uniformity of business practices may not have been achieved without globalisation. Global interconnectedness in terms of economic activities often implies that events occurring in one part of the globe can quickly spread other parts of the world. The recent global financial crisis and the ongoing Eurozone crisis are perfect examples.… Continue Reading...

Ikea Invading America

price. This is achieved by taking advantage of low-cost manufacturers in developing countries. The manufacturing process is preceded by a number of processes that further exemplify the company's customer orientation. First, product priorities based on consumer trends are established. This is followed by the determination of each product's target retail price based on a matrix that considers a number of factors, mainly price ranges, design, and competition. The price determination matrix is a particularly attractive aspect of IKEA's product strategy. With each type of product having its own matrix, the matrix involves weighing three price ranges (low, medium, and… Continue Reading...

Case 13 Ups Logistics and to Move Toward 4pl

attention mainly to transport capacity utilisation, logistics capacity utilisation, and manufacturing asset utilisation, respectively. The worst performers in this category are freight forwarders as they have comparatively lesser assets. What conclusions can be drawn based upon that evaluation for the longer-term feasibility of the 4PL strategy for 3 PLs? Additionally, what are policy implications for manufacturers/outsourcers? The above evaluation has important implications for 3 PLs as far the longer-term feasibility of the 4PL model is concerned. First, it is imperative for 3 PLs to improve their IT capabilities if they are to succeed in the 4PL business in the… Continue Reading...

Managing Quality Safety and Individual Performance in Healthcare

of employee empowerment means that employees are involved in decision making and motivated properly. With its origin in the Japanese manufacturing industry in the 1960s, TQM has over the years found relevance in other industries and sectors. Organizations, large and small, and across the public and private sectors, have increasingly embraced TQM in an attempt to improve their products, services, and/or processes. One of the contexts where TQM has become ever more relevant is healthcare. Customer focus is one of the major concepts of TQM. In the health care sector, quality care is a vital driver of patient satisfaction. This… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

supply-chain management. Global operations management encompasses three different systems including the product system, manufacturing system and service system. Operations management is delineated as the management of direct resources that are involved in the production system of an organization. Therefore, taking this into consideration, domestic operations management is when all systems of production have resources emanating and remaining in one nation. On the other hand, global operations management is when resources emanate from or are situated in more than one nation. Activities in operations management include procurement, logistics, research and development and production. Supply-Chain Management is the management of all… Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

personnel management practices, decision making processes, and virtually every aspect of firm behaviour. The Japanese manufacturing industry provides a perfect example of the phenomenon of the country-of-origin effect and its implications on firm behaviour, particularly in an increasingly globalised business environment. Against the backdrop of tremendous growth of the Japanese economy in the 1980s, Japanese firms invested in a great deal of foreign direct investment (FDI) (Yu, Park and Cho, 2007). This background provided an opportunity for Toyota, Honda, and Nissan to expand their presence around the globe. As a result, the transferability of the Japanese style of management attracted… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Balanced Scorecard

metrics. These cover four main areas. They are: 1. Financial: This could signify warehousing, transportation, supplier inventory, manufacturing and so forth. 2. Customer: Meaning, backorder levels, missed deliveries, order fill rate, and ontime deliveries. 3. Internal Business: Usually it concerns, forecast error, employee retention, and adherence to plans. 4. Training: The last phase checks for certification, in-house training hours, and education backgrounds (Seuring & Goldbach, 2013). Although the Balanced Scorecard method was not intended specifically for a company's Supply Chain, it allows for proper guidance of the company's core measures. The main idea is to emphasize key metrics that are… Continue Reading...

Activity Based Costing

is that the approach has dissimilar levels of utility for dissimilar entities, for instance major manufacturing companies can employ it more efficaciously in comparison to smaller companies. In addition, there is a likelihood that companies that rely on cost-plus pricing can make the most of ABC method, owing to the fact that it provides precise and correct product cost. However, the companies that employ market-based prices may not have a preference for ABC method. The level and magnitude of technology and manufacturing setting existing in various companies also have an influence on the application and administration of ABC systems… Continue Reading...

Argos Shipping Company Business Plan

B, L, (2006), Outsourcing Direct Materials Procurement in an Outsourced manufacturing Arrangement. Arizona State University. Dawne, L, (2003), Outsourcing in the Hotel Industry: A Management Accounting Perspective, Griffith University. Deloitte (2010).Challenge to the Industry Securing Crews in today Marketplace. Shipping & Ports. Luxembourg Maritime Administration (2017). Registration Procedure. Retrieved 29 April 2017 from http://www.maritime.lu/registration-procedure Pearson (2002). The Organization of a Shipping Company Charter Parties General average. Pearson ENMM Marseille. Continue Reading...

Public Sector Performance Measurement

-- small and large -- and in diverse sectors -- manufacturing and service, as well as public and private sectors (Ploom & Haldma, 2013; Lutwama, Roos & Dolamo, 2013; Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016; Wierzbinski, 2016). This paper presents a brief review of literature relating to performance management. The review is based on various types of sources, including conceptual articles, systematic reviews, as well as primary studies (case studies, surveys, and mixed methods studies). Following a comprehensive definition of PBM, attention is paid to the impact of PBM and employee and organizational outcomes, as well as PBM implementation, antecedents,… Continue Reading...

Operations Management in Education

field. My knowledge spans across production planning, procurement and outsourcing, supply chain management, manufacturing strategy, and inventory management. I also have solid knowledge of process improvement, resource management, cost management, forecasting, quality management, capacity management, information technology, contract management, and project management concepts. With my knowledge, I can competently and adequately fulfil the role of an operations manager. Qualifications My expertise covers the following areas: • Formulating and monitoring operational objectives in the light of strategic objectives • Designing and implementing production plans and manufacturing strategies • Forecasting demand • Administering and controlling budgets • Coordinating processes and activities… Continue Reading...

Americana Group

The company operates in the consumer goods sector. Americana operates in the manufacturing Consumer Packaged Goods industry. At the present moment, the Americana Group has 23 restaurant chains spread across 14 nations with more than 1,700 business outlets. Americana Group is a public company and its stocks are traded in the Boursa Kuwait exchange market. It became listed in the exchange market in 1984. Its stock symbol is S.A.K. It has a market capitalization of 988.93 million Kuwaiti Dinar (Boursa Kuwait, 2017). Americana Group's key drivers for revenues and expenses takes into account manufacturing of food items, beverages, as… Continue Reading...

Traditional Costing and Activity Based Costing Approaches

cost drivers to follow the costs of activities of a manufacturing procedure of the products that consume the resources utilized in those activities. The ABC system is purposed to offer the most conceivable benefit at the least general expense. In contrast, the traditional costing system does not have the capability to ascertain actual product or service costs in an accurate manner. The system also lacks the capability to provide beneficial information to management for the objective of making vital operating decisions (Mahal and Hossain, 2015). Subsequent to carrying out ABC system, a company is able to examine its consumers… Continue Reading...

White Box Software Testing for Android

any bugs the tester can link them to the integration and not individual unit. Using the ballpoint manufacturing example, integration testing would take place when two or more units are ready and have been tested individually. The units are assembled and tested to establish if the cap does fit, or the ballpoint cartridge fits as expected into the body. Regression Testing Regression is a type of testing that verifies a software is still working as expected after a change or modification has taken place. The changes may include configuration changes, patches, or software enhancements. Regression testing involves the execution… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

threat of the destruction of private collections of firearms • Risks to employment, heightened by the loss of firearms manufacturing jobs • Risks to the hunting economy, heightened by restrictions placed on rifles • Risks to state budgets, heightened by billions of Euros in compensation to those negatively affected by the proposal The concerns of the Czech Ministry clearly highlighted practical, social, economic, and political consequences relating to the banning of B7 weapons. The proposal, moreover, considered in the light of the findings by Redaelli appeared misguided, as it failed to address the issue of a lack of proper guidance… Continue Reading...

Control As Function Of the Management

the human resources, as well as being responsible for the quality of the products that an organization could be manufacturing. This is one function of management, unlike the planning, organizing and leading function, that does not come to an end as long as the organization still exists, this job of management is never complete. The basic bureaucratic control system that can commonly apply to almost all organization often takes four major steps; setting the performance standards-this includes the consulted approach of the various management personnel and even external consultants in the process of formulating a performance standard or standards… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Kimberley Clark Sustainability Report

so this is a natural for the company. It notes, however, that it has also diverted 95.6% of manufacturing waste from landfills by 2015, and has targeted zero waste for its 2022 goal in this regard. Further, it views recyclables as a value creation mechanism. To this end, the company has set a target for 2022 to have cumulatively diverted 150,000 tons of post-consumer product and packaging waste (p.16). The company has waste reduction programs across its large network of facilities, in North America, Europe, ANZ and in Latin America. Further, it has initiatives pertaining to the climate. KC… Continue Reading...

Apple Market Share Increase for Ipad 4

industry is also stiff with Apple having several other companies manufacturing and assembling similar products like Sony, Lenovo, Hewlett Packard, Dell among other companies. The generic competition, which acts to solve the same needs albeit in a different manner include the Cox Cables and Regal theatres among other generic competitors (Jureviscious O., (2016). Technological analysis Due to the dynamic needs of the customers as hitherto stated, the demands and pressure put on the technology-based firms are enormous. This in effect makes the competition among the players even stiffer with each company striving to fulfill the needs raised by the… Continue Reading...

Apple Increase in Market Share for Ipad 4

product competition in this industry is also stiff with Apple having several other companies manufacturing and assembling similar products like Sony, Lenovo, Hewlett Packard, Dell among other companies. The generic competition, which acts to solve the same needs albeit in a different manner include the Cox Cables and Regal theatres among other generic competitors (Jureviscious O., (2016). Technological analysis Due to the dynamic needs of the customers as hitherto stated, the demands and pressure put on the technology-based firms are enormous. This in effect makes the competition among the players even stiffer with each company striving to fulfill the… Continue Reading...

Review Of Human Resource Management

globe. The company is the leading firm in the world with respect to the manufacturing and marketing of computer hardware, software in addition to hosting and consultation services in different fields. With the advancement of technology in the present day in addition to globalization, there is an increased level of competition amongst companies and a fight for greater levels of innovation (Harzing and Noorderhaven, 2003). In this case, the role that the subsidiary should play in the host-country is that of an integrated player. This encompasses having high outflow and high inflow. Integrated players take part in the transfer… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Csr

working conditions. The communities in which the firm operates are also a crucial stakeholder group. This is particularly because the manufacturing operations of the firm involve destruction of native plant species, transportation of raw materials, air pollution due to the emission of greenhouse gases, and environmental pollution due to the disposal of waste. If the firm's operations have negative consequences on the community and the environment, local communities can pressurize the firm to shut down or to be more responsive to community and environmental needs. Due to the impact of the firm's operations on workers, consumers, communities, and the environment,… Continue Reading...

Swot Analysis Of U.s. Automobile Industry

past few years, vehicles have been characterized by technical dis-functionality and failure to abide by governmental rules relating to manufacturing, which generates numerous controversies. Third, the growth of the car services sector is inhibited by governmental regulations, especially excise duty and fuel prices policies. Opportunities Despite the weaknesses, the car services market has numerous opportunities including market expansion because of the changing customer groups and lifestyles. The changes in customer groups and lifestyles are characterized by differences in tastes and interests, which contributes to new mobility concepts that expand the market (Viereckl, 2016). The second opportunity is evolving policy… Continue Reading...

Rise Of Ricers in the Car Culture Scene

and make modifications of their own preferences. Car modification has been taking place ever since we started manufacturing vehicles and the reason has been varied. There are some who did it for prowess or just for some mischief. For example, NASCAR evolved from the building of super-fast cars that were mostly a result of bootlegging. The initial modifications that people would perform on their vehicles were mainly conducted due to criminal activities. In the old cars, there was no matching of cars to engine numbers, transmission, or body frame. This made it possible for thieves to change engines and… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

of a service sector industry like his rather than one that is based on manufacturing, physical products and so forth. In addition to the passion to perfecting things, he says that he tries to avoid relying on necessity to be the mother of invention. In other words, he will try to perfect a solution or fix a problem right away and will not wait until there is a major crisis or problem. He feels that this is a competitive advantage for him given that he acts when there is the chance rather than waiting for a problem and he… Continue Reading...

Best Practices in Supply Chains

they go to the lead time is added between the retail outlets and manufacturing facility, both stores would see longer waits B) The retail outlets 10) Longer but less variable. Variability should always be reduced when possible 11) Long-term storage for stalled goods, etc. 12) It shows the minimum cost for the situation involved 13) It is very much a risk vs. reward situation. Payouts will be great when things go well but the valleys will be low as well 14) A) Going from several warehouses to one warehouse B) Using an annual forecast instead of a semi-annual one… Continue Reading...

Technical Instruction for Hp Pavilion

Pavilion computer Notebook correctly. Hewlett-Packard is a giant computer company that focuses on manufacturing and marketing of computer systems, printers and other computer products. To achieve their objective, employees, customers, suppliers, and individuals use the computer systems to communicate to one another. One of the company's latest products is HP Pavilion computer Notebook, and the company has sold million of this product to people globally. Apart from being used by employees, the HP Pavilion is being used by suppliers, government and other stakeholders globally. Instruction Manual for the HP Pavilion The setup of the HP Pavilion computer systems is critical… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

permissible laws. The reason for the development of these laws was the improved financial status. The further reasons were manufacturing transformation, urbanization and the intensification of the influence of the Roman Catholic Church. Starting from when families started leaving their farms and moving into towns, the localities had become objectified. The ancient ethnic schemes which are centered on culture and relatedness were no longer applicable. During the 1950s and 1960s, the reemergence of the victim surfaced when a fraction of the populace started to identify that those who were victims of illicit deeds were not always concerned in the… Continue Reading...

Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Marketing

The manufacturing, advertising, and retailing of a product devoid of consideration for ethical, legal, and social aspects is harmful to the general success of any entity. The company in consideration is Jolly Company, which is presenting Bubbly Energy Drink. This is a start-up company that will have its base of operations in the State of Texas, in the United States. With the U.S. being the domestic market, the international market included in this discussion is Mexico. Energy drinks are amidst the most fast growing business segments of the entire… Continue Reading...

Performance Based Management Synthesis

become a common practice in organisations of different sizes -- small and large -- and in diverse sectors -- manufacturing and service, as well as public and private sectors (Ploom & Haldma, 2013; Lutwama, Roos & Dolamo, 2013; Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016; Wierzbinski, 2016). Organisations now rely on performance data to make decisions relating to various organisational processes, including strategic planning, internal management, resource allocation, reporting, as well as monitoring and evaluation. Defining PBM can be quite problematic, with the term being often confused with performance measurement (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). In addition, performance management is often… Continue Reading...

Foreign Debt and Debt Services in South Africa Essay

 per cent) 30.4 28.0 26.3 26.7 25.5 24.2 23.1 Sectoral distribution of GDP (percentage) Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.6 Mining and energy 8.8 8.9 8.6 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.0 of which:  mining and quarrying 6.5 6.6 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6 5.0 manufacturing sector 17.2 16.4 16.4 16.3 16.3 16.2 15.9 Services 62.2 63.1 63.5 63.8 64.5 65.0 65.6 Construction (contractors) 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.0 3.4 3.7 Wholesale and retail trade, catering, and accommodation 13.0 13.4 13.6 13.9 14.1 14.1 13.8 Transport, storage, and communications 9.5 9.8 9.7 9.8 9.9 9.9 10.0 Finance, insurance, real estate, and business services 18.3 18.5 19.0 19.0 19.4 19.7 20.1 Community, social, and personal services 19.0 19.0 18.5 18.3 18.0 17.8 18.0 Government financea (percentage of GDP) Revenue, including grants 23.6… Continue Reading...

Robotic Surgery Essay

to this model was in the industrial world, where robotics have been used in manufacturing for a few decades now, performing simple tasks.  In many instances, the robot evolved from basic machines that were performing routine tasks. Over time, the machines were able to handle increasingly complex tasks, in particular with the development of sensor technology. As the term robot was originally introduced to describe a synthetic people, by Czech playwright  Karel ?apek in 1920, there are specific anthropomorphic connotations to the word (Lanfranco et al, 2004).  Thus, a machine would not necessarily be considered a robot unless it… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

affecting not only logisticians but also business owners and consumers alike. Nowadays, the sourcing of raw materials and manufacturing of goods happens in every corner of the globe just as the warehousing, shipping, and consumption of the finished goods. However, cargo theft can occur at any given point in between hence compromising product availability and integrity. Although their insurance provider may reimburse a company for the market value of the goods stolen, the insurance will not cover the costs and time related to theft (Murphy & Knemeyer, 2014). Secondly, logisticians are concerned with theft because it interferes with the… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management

(4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Garrehy, P. (2014). Centralized vs. Decentralized manufacturing. Industry Today, 17(10). Retrieved October 6, 2017, from http://industrytoday.com/article/centralized-vs-decentralized-manufacturing/   Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Integrated Logistics

DEP/GARD supply chain process has various areas where there is value addition and these include the manufacturing and packaging process of the products that are supplied to GARD. There is also the inbound transportation from the compound suppliers which is counted as a value addition process. The outbound transportation to GARD is also seen in the supply chain as a value addition activity. There are however some stages that are not value adding to the entire supply chain such as the inventory sitting idle in the DEP warehouses. The other activity that does not add value is the order… Continue Reading...

Karoru Ishikawa Contributions to Quality Control

control from a Japanese perspective, his suggestions have become entrenched in international business, particularly in manufacturing and industrial engineering sectors. The Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) already had a quality control division in place when Ishikawa joined the organization; yet his contributions to quality control in science and engineering were so tremendous that over 50 scientists at JUSE recently contributed to a book commemorating the Ishikawa. Ishikawa’s primary contributions to quality control include integration quality control methods into organizational management and systems, particularly with regards to the concept of Total Quality Control (TQC). The TQC concept distributes… Continue Reading...

Patagonia and Sustainability Case Study

energy, wasted water, and social responsibility initiatives like paying workers at their manufacturing contractors a living wage. By focusing on measurable outputs, the company will be able to showcase its successes in moving towards increased sustainability. It is also recommended that Patagonia build marketing around that. For example, the company can create case studies that juxtapose its practices versus industry norms. The gains from buying Patagonia can be quantified, for example highlighting the benefits of buying a Patagonia jacket once every six or seven years (or more) versus buying a cheaper jacket every two years. Such a tactic would… Continue Reading...

Economy and U.s. Health Care

premium burdens. In sectors like the automotive sector, employee insurance at the time of manufacturing an automobile stands at 1,300 dollars, which is costlier as compared to the steel that forms the automobile’s body. This sort of huge premium decreases companies’ earnings following taxes and the overall income earned for each household. This coerces the government to minimize infrastructural development spending, diverting those resources towards managing the nation’s healthcare budget. Governmental healthcare spending’s benefit-cost is rather generous. Healthcare improvements lead to increased labor market productivity and an increase in working hours. Further, avoidable mortality rates are reduced and healthcare… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture and National Culture Of Automakers Comparison

company rose to prominence more on the basis of its manufacturing strength than its design ("you can have any color you like, as long as it's black"). Toyota also built its reputation on production prowess, in its case its famous adoption of the lean methodology, building on some of what Ford did. Toyota is synonymous with lean (Onetto, 2014). Toyota wins market share again not on design but largely on the fact that it builds good cars at low prices. This is the way the company is often portrayed in business press. A good example of the reverence that… Continue Reading...

Quality Control in Airlines and Aerospace

Improving Quality Control in Airlines and Aerospace manufacturing Industries Airlines and aerospace manufacturing industries are aviation sectors that focus on the design, development, testing, selling, and maintenance of aircraft and their associated parts. These industries are also involved in the manufacture and maintenance of rockets, missiles, and spacecraft. As the aviation industry has experienced tremendous growth because of the increased demand in air travel, airlines and aerospace manufacturing industries have also experienced growth. The growth in these industries has also been fueled by the increased demand and focus… Continue Reading...

Trends in Healthcare Management Industry

the problem. On the contrary, most of the drug manufacturing factories are located in the United States. In most cases, challenges could arise from supply shortages by different companies causing the problem. Besides, few businesses provide essential drugs for patients. As a result, an issue happening in one of the firms would cause a rippling effect on the pharmaceutical market. The availability of the Web emerges as another significant trend in the drug shortage issue. Nowadays, online platforms have ensured pharmacists gain knowledge on this problem. The availability of such information on web platforms has facilitated increased awareness of… Continue Reading...

Globalization Is Not Americanization

of its industrial edge, the nation has since ceded that edge to countries that now provide the world’s manufacturing and industrial labor forces: China, India, and Brazil. Globalization is not the supremacy of American ideals, American values, or American democracy. Rather, globalization is the economic integration of marketplaces. Globalization tends to encourage free trade agreements, and free trade facilitates globalization. Yet globalization has not impeded or undermined national sovereignty and regional coalitions. Globalization is not Americanization because Americans—and the nation of the United States—are as dependent on other countries as they are on it. When Dyreson (2013) points out… Continue Reading...

Apple's Human Resources Strategy

a market leader for the foreseeable future. The company has 123,000 full-time employees (Yahoo! Finance, 2017). Most of Apple's manufacturing is done by third party contractors, so the majority of its employees work in design, engineering, marketing and sales. The company has a strong retail operation both online and bricks-and-mortar, and those staff are included in this figure. Apple derives its competitive advantage from the brand, which reflects both the strength of its products from a design and engineering standpoint, and the company's marketing, which has fostered a strong brand image, and high brand loyalty that allows the company to… Continue Reading...

Best Practices Involved in Changing the Accounting Information System Ais

Freightliner, its prior owner. Of the transition, ALF outsourced manufacturing, payroll, inventory, and accounting process services to its prior owner. As component of the transition, ALF created a separate ERP system to give support to the company subsequent to the separation from Freightliner (Bhagwani, 2009). Regardless of the excessive complications experienced by ALF, they made an effort to figure out the IBM’s ERP software. Nevertheless, American LaFrance was not able to solve these major conflicts and underwent loss consequently. The consequences included, incapacity to manage inventory, distribute finished products as well as produce cash flow. This particular liquidity crisis… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Analysis

is valued at approximately $79.2 billion (covering brand value, revenues and operational expenses and its many global assets and manufacturing units (Bhasin, 2018). Extensive international presence – Two-hundred nations worldwide market Coca Cola products. Such an extensive market presence has facilitated the development of its gargantuan brand name (Bhasin, 2018). Greatest market share – The beverage sector has only two key competitors – Coca Cola and Pepsi, with the former enjoying the greatest global market share. Its chief growth-driving products are Coke, Fanta, Sprite, Thums up, Diet coke, Maaza and Limca (Bhasin, 2018). Brilliant marketing plans – Contrary to… Continue Reading...

Clipboard Tablet Co Marketing and R&d Analysis

is valued at approximately $79.2 billion (covering brand value, revenues and operational expenses and its many global assets and manufacturing units (Bhasin, 2018). Extensive international presence – Two-hundred nations worldwide market Coca Cola products. Such an extensive market presence has facilitated the development of its gargantuan brand name (Bhasin, 2018). Greatest market share – The beverage sector has only two key competitors – Coca Cola and Pepsi, with the former enjoying the greatest global market share. Its chief growth-driving products are Coke, Fanta, Sprite, Thums up, Diet coke, Maaza and Limca (Bhasin, 2018). Brilliant marketing plans – Contrary to… Continue Reading...

Proper Supply Chain Management

good illustration of this in process would be the just-in-time (JIT) framework (Hirano, 2009). Commonly used in car manufacturing and other such things, it is the idea that items that are needed for manufacturing are delivered not just on time, but not too soon and not in amounts that lead to wasted motion or space. For example, if a car company installs 20 car bumpers a week, then it would make a lot of sense to deliver those 20 bumpers in the week or so before they are installed. Some might be inclined to order 200 bumpers and have… Continue Reading...

Climate Change and Corporate Environmental Policies

Farms that raise cattle are therefore more responsible for the release of greenhouse gases than a car manufacturing plant—though both are culpable in the elevation of the planet’s temperatures. Detergent companies like Clorox also have to answer, as their products contain chemicals that can be harmful for the planet if flushed into water streams or into ground water. Corporate environmental policies can be developed as part of a program of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR strategies are what corporations are adopting in order to address issues like global warming and climate change. They do so because they know that… Continue Reading...

Oil Crises Term in West Africa

as a result have businesses that are significantly reliant on imports to supply inputs for manufacturing so as to satisfy consumer demand. Nonetheless, with the deterioration in oil revenues generated following in the deterioration in crude prices and declining production, nations in West Africa have financial sectors that lack the foreign exchange necessitated to offer industries and businesses with hard currency. With the importation of oil from the United States declining, foreign revenues are set to decrease during oil crises, giving rise to a gradual decline in investment domestically. From a monetary policy perspective, it is imperative for the… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Company Case Study

revenues generated on advertisements. In particular, the recipe for manufacturing Coca-Cola has been kept a secret and the company is able to advertise that its drink is inimitable and cannot be copied by industry rivals. Up until now, no individual is able to pinpoint the manner in which Coca-Cola is manufactured. This ensures that the product continues to be perceived as being unique in the market as compared to other products such as energy drinks and juices. Moreover, the Coca-Cola Company has an emblematic red marker with white calligraphy that can be recognized anyplace in the world. Moreover, the… Continue Reading...

California's Congressional Senators

include Los Angeles, San Jose and San Diego. The state’s main industries are: agriculture, tourism, biotechnology, manufacturing, and aerospace-defense. According to 2014 figures, 39 percent of California is populated by Latinos, making them the state’s largest single ethnic/racial population. The rest of the ethnic/racial composition of the state is as follows: 38.8 percent non-Hispanic Whites, 13 percent Pacific Islanders or Asian Americans, 5.8 percent non-Hispanic Blacks, and not even 1 percent Native Americans (Lopez, 2014). The ethnic/racial composition of the state certainly affects federal level policies and politics. Does your state lean Republican or Democrat? Why? California’s political inclination… Continue Reading...

Sustainable Construction and Structural Insulated Panels

core in the middle with the exterior and interior sheathing on either side (Feigin & Magwood, 2014). With manufacturing of SIPs done in factory-controlled conditions, it has the potential to fit almost any building plan or design. The result is a building system that is cost-effective, energy efficient, and extremely durable. The cost-effectiveness comes from the insulated core. When constructing houses for example, traditional construction methods means having to inject or put insulation in-between the frame of the house and the walls. Using SIPs removes that additional step leading to less expenses overall. This is because of reduced indoor… Continue Reading...

Steps Of Economic Growth in Usa China and Germany

it lucrative to focus on the creation of products that have a relative benefit in manufacturing (Wolak, 2011). This paper offers an evaluation of economic development methods and both, relative and absolute, benefit in global trade as it pertains to the USA, China as well as Germany. USA By having a great quantity of low-priced work crews compared to the United States, it is no wonder that China as well as other developing nations, around the world, focus on the creation of labor-intensive items. For equivalent motives, the US may focus on the creation of products which are not… Continue Reading...

Electronic Waste

by the author are both in the downstream and upstream. Upstream solutions proposed are at the manufacturing level where hazardous materials can be reduced (Pacebutler Recycling, 2013). This ensures that even when the e-waste is dumped in a landfill there won’t be any hazardous materials released into the environment. Downstream solutions encourage the users to return the used electronics to the manufacturer, where they are offered some incentives. The solutions proposed by the author are viable and if adopted they would result in less hazardous e-waste or reduction of e-waste. The creative solutions being proposed by the authors aim… Continue Reading...

Britain’s Industrialization and China’s Stagnation

refining it, and ultimately helping to develop a device that revolutionized transportation and manufacturing, creating a process by which industrial processes could make items faster and at a lower price with machines, rather than by hand.[footnoteRef:4] This was such a valuable change that even Leeds Cloth Merchants defended the use of machines in the manufacturing of clothes, even if it meant a transitional scarcity of jobs for men for a certain time: [1: Rober Tignor et al., Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World from the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present. The Mongol Empire to the… Continue Reading...

India Government and Economics

the information technology and service sectors as well as traditional manufacturing and agriculture. Since the 1980s, India has liberalized its economy steadily and continues to improve. Deregulation of most major industries and privatization of formerly state-owned enterprises has helped India join the free market economy with ease (CIA World Factbook, 2018). Although India once had tight controls on foreign trade and exorbitant tariffs, that is not the case anymore. Since the 1990s, India’s economy has grown rapidly—with GDP growth at about 7% per year—because of relaxed controls on foreign trade (CIA World Factbook, 2018; World Bank, 2018). Currently, the… Continue Reading...

Myanmar's Place in the Global Garment Business

players in the textile business, Myanmar is starting to develop an industry of its own on the manufacturing side. Akter (2017) notes that the country has a low cost of production, and that has drawn the interest of buyers. Garment sector exports were worth $1.8 billion, and the industry got an early head start with the former military government made it one of the only open sectors of the economy in 1988. The removal of sanctions following the installation of a democratic regime opened up many export markets for Burmese clothing. The industry is expected to be worth as… Continue Reading...

American Dream and Wealth Gap

as he was willing to work hard. Today, with globalization and the offshoring of manufacturing, the blowing of credit bubbles, the devaluation of the dollar, the rise of inflation, the turning of the economy from free market to command (thanks to central banking interventionist policy like quantitative easing), and the stagnation of wages, it is harder for the American Dream to seem possible. As Kiersz (2015) shows using data from the St. Louis Fed, income inequality has gone up considerably over the past 40 years. The top 1% in the country have seen their paychecks grow exponentially while the… Continue Reading...

Motivation and Morale Police Administration

(2014). Using Motivating Theories to Enhance Productivity in Cement manufacturing Companies in Nigeria: An Overview. The International Journal of Social Sciences, 20(1). Swartout, S., Boykin, S., & Dixon, M. (2015). LOW MORALE IN ORGANIZATIONS: A SYMPTOM OF DEADLY MANAGEMENT DISEASES?. International Journal of Organizational Innovation (Online), 8(1), 17. Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

Impact of Workplace Conflict Management on Organizational Performance: A Case of Nigerian manufacturing Firm. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(2), 83-92. Mikkelsen, E.N. (2012, May). Exploring How Conflict Management Training Changes Workplace Conflicts: A Qualitative Case Study. Journal of Conflictology, 3(1), 7-17. Myatt, M. (2012, February 22). 5 Keys of Dealing with Workplace Conflict. Forbes. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikemyatt/2012/02/22/5-keys-to-dealing-with-workplace-conflict/#1623bc8f1e95 Oni-Ojo, B.E., Iyiola, O.O. & Osibanjo, A.O. (2014). Managing Workplace Conflicts in Business Environment: The Role of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR). European Journal of Business and Management, 6(36), 74-82. Overton, A.R. & Lowry, A.C. (2013, December). Conflict Management:… Continue Reading...

Issues Relating to Taxation

their gross income and subjected it to federal taxation based on the cars’ fair market value. While the manufacturing company could have agreed to pay for a huge portion of the vehicles’ local charges, the fair market value of the car would need to be included in the gross income of the taxpayer. However, Oprah’s audience had a choice on whether keep the Pontiac G6 Sedan, forfeit it or sell it and pay taxes and profits. The Bureau of Internal Revenue (2009) states that if an individual refuse to accept a prize or award, he/she should not include its value… Continue Reading...

Tesla Mission Statement

to the lives of everyday consumers. The method that Tesla chooses is to do this is through the manufacturing of electric vehicles. Electric vehicles can reduce harmful emissions into the air that cause pollution and harm the environment as well as the health of people who have to breathe in these toxic fumes. In this way, by making and selling electric cars, Tesla is caring both for the planet and for its consumers and communities. It is engaging in sustainable practices, which it places at the core of its mission. As Evans (2017) notes, “sustainability is the ability to… Continue Reading...

President Donald Trump Essay

other campaign promises, such as bringing back coal jobs or manufacturing jobs because the free market simply would not provide a market for those goods. Trump’s Cabinet Because campaign promises are often simply vote-getting tools, a better way to predict how a politician will govern is to examine that politician’s history.  Trump had no history of public service, which means that examining his cabinet picks became one of the only ways for people to attempt to predict the path of his presidency.  Although Trump had promised to “drain the swamp” if elected, his cabinet picks were composed primarily of… Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

technological innovations allowed for automation of many tasks in industry and manufacturing and in services.  Workers were being displaced and unemployed” (un.org, 2016). Hence, this demonstrates one of the double-edged swords of globalization: while it gives more freedom to workers to travel around the world and market their skills, this tendency can alienate the existing labor market and put a downward pressure on wages (Collins, 2015). The issue revolving jobs has been one of the biggest complaints about globalization. When factories move to lower cost nations that creates rife unemployment. “According to conservative estimates by Robert Scott of the… Continue Reading...

World War One Technological Developments

battle could be mass-produced. For example, Henry Ford helped to standardize the manufacturing process so that automobiles could be made with a speed and effectiveness never before experienced: for the war this meant that vehicles and aircraft could be used, consumed, replaced and repaired as needed.[footnoteRef:5] [4: Robert Tignor et al., Worlds Together Worlds Apart, (New York, Norton, 2014) 707.] [5: Ibid.] In conclusion, technology in American and around the world continued to make great strides. The strides made by technology meant that how wars were fought drastically altered, as did the life of the soldier and what it… Continue Reading...

Implications Of Augmented Reality

devices for commercial and enterprise solutions. Industries such as manufacturing, aerospace and logistics are increasingly adopting augmented reality technology for their daily operations. Augmented reality systems and applications have become common in the modern business environment because of their unique features that help advance business operations. These applications and systems consist of unique features and provide new learning opportunities for businesses, which in turn influences their use as solutions for improving business operations (Wu et al., p.41). Augmented reality makes for a compelling business scenario because of its advantages over virtual reality. In its current state, the adoption and… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs. Practice in Small Business Setting Essay

like his rather than one that is based on manufacturing, physical products and so forth. In addition to the passion to perfecting things, he says that he tries to avoid relying on necessity to be the mother of invention. In other words, he will try to perfect a solution or fix a problem right away and will not wait until there is a major crisis or problem. He feels that this is a competitive advantage for him given that he acts when there is the chance rather than waiting for a problem and he is in an industry and… Continue Reading...

Big Data and Supply Chain Management Essay

shovels at the end of February, and it takes twenty days to order new ones from China, including manufacturing and shipping times, three things can happen. The company can order a lot of shovels and ensure that they have supply. If spring comes, those shovels will sit in a warehouse until next November. They could also run out of shovels, but a late-season snow could leave demand on the table if the store lacks inventory. Modelling both weather patterns and local buying patterns can help the company to settle on demand. Even when weather is not a factor, the… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Organisms Gmo

educate others on GMOs and the impact it has had on food manufacturing companies. Processed foods like cereals and canned soups make sure to include the ‘No GMOs’ label on their products to ensure customers know what they are getting regarding food quality. This was not like this in the recent past. Mandatory labeling has become the norm ever since the 2016 passing of the GMO Labeling Bill (Ronald & Adamchak, 2018). These actions demonstrate the fight against GMO is influential and long-term. Draft Thesis Genetically modified (GMO) foods are a popular ingredient in American processed foods. These foods… Continue Reading...

The Transition to Renewable Energy

https://graphics.axios.com/2017-10-10-global-energy-sales/images/2017-10-10-global-energy-sales-desktop.png In addition, China leads the world in solar panel manufacturing, accounting for fully 60% of the world’s production. Likewise, China is planning a series of advanced nuclear reactors that will further reduce its fossil fuel demand (Harder, 2018). 5. What renewable energy source has the most promise? Solar energy is frequently cited as the renewable with the most promise for the future – and for good reason. For example, Profeta (2017) reports that, “Universal energy access is possible by 2030 and that solar technology will be the linchpin of the effort” (para. 3). While solar panel technologies still require… Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics

producers, paying participants a preset rate for the labelled goods they market. Ethical trade’s focus is manufacturing techniques and results. This focus is organizational in nature in the sense that the aim is ensuring the preservation of human rights, labor, and environmental standards within the supply chain of an organization. Particularly, ethical trade fosters compliance with the workforce’s core labor standards and, at present, doesn’t expressly concern itself with trade terms nor does it aim to overcome manufacturer marginalization (Boto & La Peccerella, 2014). Response to the international labor group explaining the decision and supporting reasoning. It has been… Continue Reading...

Foreign Business Environment Of Columbia

you feel that the Colombian economy today is sufficiently robust to support the growth of the clothing manufacturing industry and your company’s entry into the country? Why? Colombia ranks at 37 on the CPI (Corruption Perceptions Index), which ranks a total of 180 territories and nations based on perceived public sector corruption levels on a 0-100 scale (0 = highly corrupt; 100 = very clean). As compared with its recent performance, the above result is no surprise (Transparency International, 2017). Notwithstanding the aforementioned ranking, Colombia’s economy is sufficiently strong to support the clothing manufacturing sector’s growth. It also enjoys… Continue Reading...

Five Principles Of Management

the small workshops that were operated by skilled labor manufacturing products without machines (crafts-style manufacturing). The factories employed several hundred or several thousand semi-skilled and even unskilled workers to control the advanced manufacturing machinery and tools. A large number of these factory supervisors and managers only possessed technical knowledge, thereby being ill-equipped to deal with the social issues bound to arise when individuals are made to work in large teams (as is typical for a shop or factory system). Thus, managers started seeking novel means of managing corporate resources, and turned their focus to improving task-employee mix efficiency (Appendix… Continue Reading...

Global Operations Management

burgeoning sales and administrative expenses. There are both marked benefits in the development of manufacturing outside of the United States, as well as significant disadvantages. Engaging in such an endeavor requires much preparation, flexibility and overall understanding of cultural diversity among nations, races and ethnic groups. Such an endeavor is best for only highly skilled managers who have experience in managing both delicate and nuanced interactions between peoples and cultures. Benefits The most obvious advantage of creating a manufacturing operation outside of America is reduced cost. “Choosing to outsource your manufacturing can potentially reduce your costs of labor by… Continue Reading...

Imperialism and the Industrial Revolution

19th centuries and is responsible for the moving of nations away from farming to industry and manufacturing. The Industrial Revolution introduced trains, more advanced shipping, steel production, communications systems, cars, planes, and military equipment, and construction. The skyscraper came into existence, people moved to urban areas away from the countryside. Wars broke out as nations fought over natural resources like oil fields, minerals, and sea lanes to support the new industries. The nations of the world were able to engage in Industrialization because of another rise—the rise of finance. Banks began to exert more and more influence over the… Continue Reading...

Neocolonialism Trade and Cocoa

between them and their former colonizers generated a different environment away from manufacturing. Furthermore, the rapid industrialization of the time, made it easier and cheaper to grow cocoa beans allowing developed nations like Britain and the United States to offer cheap buying prices. All combined it made it easier for exploitation of raw materials to occur and stifle African manufacturing and processing. “The decade 1960-69 created a new kind of demand for agricultural products of West African countries of Ghana, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Rapid industrialization in these countries created an additional load of satisfying the intermediate input demands… Continue Reading...

Labor Unions

in which the automobile was put together. Ford launched a new era of manufacturing and while he himself opposed the labor unions, he believed that if owners paid a fair wage and kept the workplace safe, unions wouldn’t be needed—and in a way he was right. But then he was also an ethical man, and many other owners lacked his sense of morality, which made unions necessary. Ford showed that when the business owners were mindful of workers’ needs, they were also more likely to be mindful of their business too—and that is what made Ford so successful. The… Continue Reading...

Conflict Within Unionizing Sga Industries

baseline levels of job security. Furthermore, the fact that the wages within SGA were lower than wages within the manufacturing sector as a whole is something that workers would want to address through the collective power of a union. 2. SGA's demonstrated a clear and concerted strategy during their management of the representation campaign. President White was the leader of the anti-union campaign and they had aligned themselves with help from an Atlanta law firm that specialized in anti-union campaigns. One major pillar of this strategy was the company sought partnerships and help from other influential entities within the… Continue Reading...

The Problem Statement Related to Virtual Teams

virtual teams: case studies. International Journal on Interactive Design and manufacturing 12(1): 15-24. Quisenberry, W.L. (2018). Exploring how emotional intelligence contributes to virtual teams. European Scientific Journal 14(5): http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/10483/9991 Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Manifest Destiny

establish the nation as a global leader in both raw materials and industrial manufacturing. New land meant renewed opportunities to reap the natural resources available from those territories, also enabling rapid population growth. Manifest Destiny also perpetuated the slave trade and the institution of slavery by opening up new territories that would be incorporated as slave states that could continue to produce goods without having to pay for labor: an issue that precipitated the Civil War (“Manifest Destiny,” n.d.). Other economic consequences of Manifest Destiny include the ability to capitalize on new transportation and communication technologies including the railroads,… Continue Reading...

Apple Finance Department

as well as the software that powers these devices. Apple is based in California, but contracts out manufacturing to third parties, typically in China. It runs physical retail stores, and online stores, in dozens of countries around the world. The global nature of Apple’s business presents significant challenges for the finance department. In recent years, the company has been so profitable that it had massive cash holdings. These have typically been either returned to shareholders via dividends, and or invested in short-term securities, both of which provide more work for finance. This paper will serve as an introduction to… Continue Reading...

How Environment Influences Business

of the largest companies in the market and barely needs an introduction. Apple Inc.’s business operations encompasses the manufacturing and retailing of iPhones, iPads, and a sequence of unveiled laptops and desktops such as the Mac and the MacBook and MacAir. In addition, the company also manufactures the software that is employed in the running of these devices and its business also takes into account a variety of media such as movies, music, e-books, in addition to software applications. Most of all, the company has also integrated a cloud storage service in recent ties and an electronic apple payment… Continue Reading...

Economic Analysis Of Supply and Market Structure Of Healthcare Industry

a range of different prices: the first one is the list price that originates from the manufacturing company. Many people don’t even pay the list price, but this theoretical price essentially serves as the foundation for later calculations (Wapner, 2017). Reimbursement is the amount the insurer pays for a particular drug: “Typically, depending on the type of drug, the insurer pays either the physician directly, the drug manufacturer or an intermediary, such as a pharmacy benefit manager” (Wapner, 2017). Finally the prescriptions that doctors buy are those given via infusion. These purchases usually occur via an intermediary such as a… Continue Reading...

Tesla and the Porter Forces

has vowed to bring to the green energy sector of automobile manufacturing. However, going forward, Musk should consider that other luxury brand auto makers are beginning to catch up with his vision. Porsche and Jaguar are virtually on his heels and they have none of the balance sheet problems and debt issues that Tesla is facing. The competitive environment is heating up and Tesla needs to up its strategy in order to meet the oncoming obstacles and threats that are sure to spell a problem for the company. According to Porter’s Five Forces of Competition model, the Threat of… Continue Reading...

Investing in China

International Business Introduction As a Western manufacturing company of English Language products considering a major investment in one of the BRICS countries—preferably China—it is advisable that the company first possess an assessment of the feasibility of achieving the company’s aims in a country like China, which currently is in a trade war with the U.S. that shows no signs of letting up. Moreover, an examination of the overall context of globalized society in the 21st century will help the company to determine whether this investment would be particularly strategic at this time or not. While the… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Innovation Strategy

the ones it uses already, or plans to use. Innovations in manufacturing will allow it to produce at scale, something that will see rapid sales gains and rapid share gains. Tesla's leadership position will continue to put pressure on the incumbent automakers to innovate, but having established clear leadership, Tesla needs to market that and retain control of the messaging with respect to its technological leadership. Further, Tesla can leverage its innovations by celebrating them, and highlighting how those innovations contribute to its success. This will help ensure that the culture of innovation never dies, no matter how large… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Problematic Pricing Strategy

here is that at these prices, Tesla would be losing money. The manufacturing costs are too high and the margins virtually non-existent—which is why no Model 3’s are currently being sold at their base price of $35,000. Tesla cannot afford right now to lose money on sales. Differentiating between incremental and avoidable costs. Incremental costs occur for Tesla when it seeks to expand operations in order to meet target productions goals. For example, it had to increase operations to 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in order to meet its production goal of 5,000 EVs per week.… Continue Reading...

Electric Vehicle Industry

become a politically charged region in the foreseeable future, disrupting both manufacturing and marketing planning. Honda Motor Company Development of an affordable all-electric vehicle by early 2019 by drawing on its current Urban EV Concept (Honda Urban EV Concept, 2018). These strategies will limit Honda’s short-term ability to innovate in an industry where innovation is the key to long-term success. Toyota Motor Corp. Widely regarded as Tesla’s primary competitor, Toyota plans to offer all-electric versions of its current models by 2025, with the goal of selling at least 5.5 million all-electric vehicles by 2030 (LeSage, 2017). These strategies represent… Continue Reading...

Chief Executive Officer Ceo Of Durango Manufacturing Company

a consultant to the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Durango manufacturing Company, I have established that the firm has a weakened pecking order in terms of accounting and financial structure, lack of proper segregation of duties, lack of properly delineated responsibilities, lack of highly trained and proficient medium level and high level managers. Accounting and financial management knowledge and proficiencies will be pivotal to the success and stability of the corporation over the next five years. The first individual within the structure is the accounting manager or controller. This position usually deals with responsibilities for all activities associated with… Continue Reading...

Capitalism and Economic Surplus

and how much taxation should be used to do all of the above. References Epic Quality. (2014). Noam Chomsky- manufacturing consent (1992). YouTube. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AnrBQEAM3rE Liberty Pen. (2011). What is Capitalism? (1948) - YouTube. YouTube. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ah23Mm0XlNk Mathur, A. (2018). The Concerning Drop in Workforce Participation And Role Of Family- Friendly Policies. Forbes.com. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/aparnamathur/2016/05/25/the-concerning-drop-in- workforce-participation-and-role-of-family-friendly-policies/#279095965c6c   Continue Reading...

The Communist Manifesto Summary

work, and an establishment of the industrial and agricultural army. There also needs to be combination of the manufacturing and the agricultural industries which will ultimately lead to the abolition of the line between the rural/country and the town by distribution of the population over the country in an equitable manner. Lastly, for the advanced nations, it proposes the provision of free education for all children in the public schools and ultimate combination of education with industrial production. Totalitarianism: The Age of Total War This is an informative long piece pointing out at the process of war, but more… Continue Reading...

Why Elon Musk Must Go

training and developing staff. This paper will show how the HRM of the company Tesla, Inc., including the manufacturing, finance, and marketing subsystems are in need of change. By comparing these subsystems to other successful subsystems, this paper will indicate that Tesla can improve its productivity and increase demand. In that context, the impact of change, stakeholder satisfaction, attracting, developing, and maintaining human resources, internal consistencies, connectivity to the course, and the application of personal Christian worldview will all be addressed. Subsystems in Need of Change The most major organizational subsystem within Tesla that is in need of change… Continue Reading...

Imperialism the Industrial Revolution and Management

the newfound ability to mass-produce goods. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, any machine that was used to aid manufacturing, such as a loom or the cotton gin, could only be used by a single individual producing one thing at a time (“Industrial Revolution,” n.d. 1). Such machines were unable to produce goods in large quantity in a short period of time. With the advent of large-scale machinery powered by technologies like coal, it was possible to bring products to market faster and cheaper. Factories also expanded their labor forces to allow them to produce products faster and quicker. An… Continue Reading...

Pegasus Technologies

years. Analysis of the Identified Suppliers The four shortlisted suppliers are Reese Corporation, Capozzi manufacturing, Kruger Corp, and Payne Industries. Reese Corporation is the most experienced and also the largest in terms of annual sales. The company is well established and is the industry price leader. Reese Corporation's stock price does support the company's claim of being a sustainable corporation and it has a strong market presence. The company has managed to maintain low costs, and it manages its debt quite effectively. This is an indication that its production will not be affected at any given time (Petcavage, Pinkerton, & Burt,… Continue Reading...

How to Conduct a Cost Benefit Analysis

of the unincorporated county; those numbers are only likely to grow given the arriving auto manufacturing plant will be bringing growth to the city; (b) this means that the water treatment plant must either be expanded, updated, or a new one constructed in order to meet the growing demand; (c) however, if the auto manufacturing plant were to move, the promised growth might never materialize and the need for an expanded plant would them seem unnecessary; (d) still, the cost of maintenance of the plant is rising and its age alone indicates that a new plant is required; (e)… Continue Reading...

Nationwide Telephone

Introduction Nationwide telephone has been in the business of manufacturing low-cost and high-quality telephones from 2001. The company is reliant on local suppliers in order to minimize lead times and at the same time utilizing the number of suppliers. This facilitates faster delivery times and also decreasing the travel costs. In the past 6 months, Roger Stoga who is the president of the company has seen a decline in sales of the company. Subsequent to further analysis, he was able to determine the issue to be linked to a rise in the prices of plastic components, supplied by… Continue Reading...

Deere Cost Management

analysis of the costs of processes, for instance, services and manufacturing components and to enhance cost performance. To achieve this employment of tools and approaches are employed to enhance variable costs such as target pricing, activity-based costing (Ferrell and Hartline, 2012). Making the most of them permits professionals and experts in cost management to be able to ensure that the firm is in a strategic position, together with the suppliers, and attain a competitive advantage. The result will encompass a decrease in costs via inventive product design. The cost management process essentially necessitated real pay rate correction and total… Continue Reading...

Pricing Decisions Coca Cola Product

of the prime costs and the factory expenses. Lastly, there is the manufacturing cost, which is obtained by the combination of the factory costs and the administrative expenses. Taking this into consideration, the total cost is computed by adding the prime costs, the factory costs and the manufacturing costs (Shamar, 2006). The following are the costs that we have identified that we deemed need to be taken into consideration while in the process of setting the price of the product. These costs are as follows: Direct materials – This includes the costs of the components contained in the coca… Continue Reading...

The Ftc Monopolies and the Market

I also think that in other areas there is a lot of competition—such as in clothing, manufacturing, automobiles, and so on. Does capitalist competition natural lead to concentration? I think it naturally leads to trusts—to mergers and acquisitions, as it is underneath a zero sum game in which eventually there is one or a handful of players who strive to dominate their market—just like Amazon has done. By dominating and controlling the market and undercutting competitors to force them out, one company can have final say in pricing and organization and what is made available. The competition bureau at… Continue Reading...

The Rise and Interaction Of Capitalism and Industrialization

of transformation of the economy from basic industrial one to one that is based on the manufacturing of goods. Thesis statement Capitalism and industrialization are concepts that are intimately related in many ways. The two concepts are known to be prevalent in the contemporary economy where the industrial mushrooming is deemed to be way better than the agricultural expansion. There will be efforts herein to clarify what tenets make up capitalist system and what extent of industries qualifies a country to be referred to as industrialized. Of greater importance here will then be the display of the various ways… Continue Reading...

Levi Strauss Sustainable Competitive Advantage

the individuals that manufactured it and the waste that was incorporated in manufacturing it. Moreover, that the garment is going to be in existence long after the consumer is done being in ownership of it. Most of all, Levi’s lays emphasis on manufacturing products that are sustainable in each locality where it conducts its business operations. In this regard, the company makes certain that each and every individual within its entire supply chain ranging from the factory personnel to the individuals disposing off the products, are cognizant of resource conservation. To accomplish this, Levi’s has a life cycle evaluation… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Lead Exposures Among Children Under 12 Years Of Age

notes the regulation on the use of Lead to manufacturing household plumbing components and the general manufacturing of Lead came into force between the early 1970s through to late l980s. The regulation is ideal to reduce the occurrence of Lead-related health effects, through exposure to Lead plumbing components. According to (Hanna-Attisha, pp. 286), a higher risk of Lead poisoning is observed where the water stays for a long period of time without being used and then, it is consumed at a high rate. This scenario highlights the plight of old schools where Lead plumbing components were used during construction… Continue Reading...

Critical Infrastructure Security Information Technology

of vertical integration of many companies, and the heavy reliance on foreign manufacturing for various parts and components. Unless manufacturing processes are monitored in a way that also uses systems dynamics, it is possible for security breaches to occur at almost every level of the manufacturing process. At the same time, all private sector information technology companies have in place at least a fair degree of vulnerability prevention strategies to safeguard valuable and sensitive data and preclude the possibility of security breaches. Access to strong human resources options helps security managers better identify, manage, and control threats in multiple… Continue Reading...

Bill Gates Leadership Style

school level, Bill Gates went on to form and lead one of the most successful computer manufacturing business of all times at the global level, the Microsoft. This would not be possible without vision, focus, passion and above all good leadership style that Gates exhibits among his employees. Bill gates has been known to display a mix of three major leadership styles, the autocratic style of leadership, participatory leadership and laissez faire leadership style. Bill gates is known to be a leader who makes decisions on critical matters with little consultation or with very little consultation among the top… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

Empire solidified its power via the dissemination of information and the colonization of neighboring regions. The manufacturing of an Ottoman identity and aesthetic helped also to create unity in diversity, to leverage identity construction for political purposes. Ottoman hegemony has been built on an ascription to cultural norms and values that distinguish the Turkic people from their neighbors, but which also allows for subcultures to become part of the Ottoman rubric. Jews, Armenians, and Eastern Orthodox all found themselves comfortably coexisting with their Sunni counterparts under Ottoman rule (Ergul, 2012). The nationalist model of the Erdogan years is the… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility Its Success and Failure

assets under its ownership and control. It is also ranked second in the mobile manufacturing niche. The CSR activities at Apple are spearheaded by its Vice President in charge of environmental matters, Lisa Jackson. She reports to Tim Cook, who is the CEO. Interestingly, Apple’s founder, Steve Jobs was not given to philanthropic activities. Tim Cook, however, changed the reputation by increasing CSR efforts at Apple significantly since he took charge (Dudovskiy, 2018). Apple launched the Apple Global Volunteer Program in 2011. It aimed and encouraging employees to volunteer in the communities where they operated. So far, $78 has… Continue Reading...

Key Resources Critical Infrastructure

and other services like cable television, internet and information services (Moteff & Parfomak 2004). Critical manufacturing: The sector entails manufacturers who are skilled in distribution, production and designing of products which other sectors do not cover. They include primary metal processing and production (Steel mills, ferroalloy, iron, aluminum, and alumina), machinery, electrical equipment, machinery (such as power transmission, turbines, and engines), aerospace products, rolling stock, railroad etc. (Fisher & Norman 2010). Dams: The sector is characterized by networks, systems, functions and assets associated with navigation locks, hurricane barriers, dam projects, impoundments for mine tailings, and other water control and retention… Continue Reading...

How Religion Works Today

labor in town and country sides (Marx, 2000) and in relation to manufacturing. It is clear that the notion of labor, including its division and factors which affect its production such as manufacturing, are central to the very basis of ideology. All of these factors largely determine what people do because of ideology. They do not necessarily include how they do these things, or how they interact with each other in general—which is discussed in relation to religion by Durkheim. Labor is certainly a vital component of the United States today. However, it has very little to do with… Continue Reading...

Product Analysis Of an Innovation

work with car parts. An example of the creation of lighter parts can be in the manufacturing of clutches that are used in vehicles. Dana can incorporate the new product inventions and designs by having double clutch transmissions. The main advantage of this is that it will be possible to diminish the amount of carbon dioxide emissions being released by the vehicle by a significant amount. What is more, the design will comprise of a lesser number of components compared to rival products, which makes it lighter and more reliable. The executives of the company will also incur less… Continue Reading...

Flint Water Crisis

Michigan had once been the hub of the booming automobile manufacturing industry in the United States after the General Motors (GM) Corporation located its hub there. When GM established Flint as its base of operations, it triggered the first white flight epidemic, which forever entrenched racist values, policies, and practices into the region. Flint was no different from any other American town or city in this regard, but Flint has become one of the most extreme examples of how sociological factors become inextricably linked to environmental policies. As Ranganathan (2016:17) points out, the classical liberalist mentality that dominated, and… Continue Reading...

High Working Performance in Organizations

The parent company together with its subsidiaries undertake in research and development, the manufacturing and retailing of a range of products in the healthcare sector. Imperatively, the corporation’s business operations are classified into three different segments including Medical Devices, Consumer and Pharmaceutical. The main emphasis of the corporation is the creation of products that are associated to human health and wellbeing. Johnson and Johnson believe that proper health for all individuals is the basis for thriving communities and advancement. For this reason, for the past 13 decades, the corporation has purposed to sustain individuals well at every single age… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

cooperation with SENAAT GHC, made a large-scale investment ($300 million in total) to establish a joint venture for the manufacturing and sales of welded steel pipes for oil development and transportation (Fujiki, 2016, para. 10). Notwithstanding these numerous positive trends and initiatives that are intended to forge even stronger relations between Japan and the UAE, there are some notable weak points that may threaten this strategic bilateral relationship in the future as discussed further below. Weak points in the relations between the UAE and Japan and ways to strength them Although the current state of diplomatic, political and economic… Continue Reading...

Dana Incorporated Implementing Change

Dana Incorporated must implement an up-lift in production. 100 percent operation is not possible in any manufacturing company including Dana Incorporated. This is because of production limitations such as raw material supply, machine down-time and labor issues. Scheduling of production up-lift, Dana Incorporated must figure out how capacity of production rates can be increased. However, the organization has already explored up-lift options such as outsourcing, automation, increased labor and restructuring. Some dramatic changes should be made over a short period of time in order to meet the up-lift demand. Managing this change would mean having a big capital investment… Continue Reading...

Safety and Spills Prevention

running through its community. The rail line is crucial for industrial use in manufacturing a hazardous material that is not manufactured anywhere else. However, the rail line is two centuries old and in need of repair. To assess the issues and risks at hand, the city has been tasked with bringing a committee of experts together that can share information on a range of issues, including: the integrity of the rail line, the prevention of a hazardous spill, the safety of the citizens, and the continuity of the neighboring town’s industry. This paper will describe ten organizations that can… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Practices Compliance Auditing

environments and poor governance, including the United States, China, India, and Brazil. Generally, any nation with a robust manufacturing base will reveal underlying culprits contributing to environmental degradation, climate change, as well as to deleterious public health outcomes. Organizations in those countries are also in a position to intervene, changing their business practices to become more aligned with ethical principles. The Role of Ethical Decision Making All organizations have a direct responsibility to perform ethically and to engage in ethical business practices. Ethical decision making starts with senior management, which sets the ethical tone for the entire organization. Even… Continue Reading...

Understanding Supply Chain Management

Type A Project: Team of 3-4 students will study a manufacturing or service company operation; the objective is to improve the equality of their final product. This could be done through improving any task in product realization process (Design, raw material, manufacturing, packaging, after sale …). The subject of the improvement has to be directly related to quality. The team will use quality analysis and improvement methods / techniques we learn in this course (six sigma methodologies in recommended). Ideal project will focus on problems doable during time span of… Continue Reading...

Managing the Automation Industry

international center of operations is situated in the state of Detroit. General Motors conducts its manufacturing processes and has facilities situated in 33 nations across the globe. Notably, the locations of General Motors’ are strategically situated and play a pivotal part on where to position facilities for production as well as design. The company manufactures key vehicle brands such as Cadillac, GMC, Saturn, Buick, Saab, Pontiac, as well as Chevrolet. Statistics indicate that General Motors was able to manufacture and retail 8.4 million cars and trucks worldwide. The company’s operations encompass designing, manufacturing as well as marketing of passenger… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Command and Control Leadership

maintain it until the leader suggests changes. This can be counterproductive in the manufacturing sector, where a problem can result in huge problems down the line. There are different organizations and each organization has its own challenges. The command and control leadership style is irrelevant in situations where the organization is dealing with complex conditions. This is because there is no simple solution to the problem and there is a need for interaction between the management and the employees. Complex challenges require collaboration and without this collaboration, the organization will not be able to find solutions to the problems.… Continue Reading...

Ikea and Unbonded Child Laborers

had been reported as using child labor in its manufacturing of rugs. From a social issues standpoint in the Western perspective, IKEA had to break ties with the supplier; however, in countries like India, unbonded child labor was not viewed as heinously as it was in the West: on the contrary, it was socially acceptable because children worked under the guidance of their parents and learned their trade in this manner. To break ties with a supplier that was simply engaging in a traditional custom of its country could be hypocritical. This paper examines the case and provides a… Continue Reading...

Case Study Of Copper Coil

females, indicating that Copper Coil is distinct from other male dominated manufacturing companies. It is recommended that the company continues to recruit and sustain female employees. In addition, the results indicated that for all three categories of gender, there was a correlation between the perceptions of organizational support and the intent to turnover. The inference of this is that the company has been efficacious in ensuring that the employees have a sentiment of being valued within the organization and also providing them with the opportunities for growth and development within the entity. As a human resource specialist, the recommendation… Continue Reading...

Projected and Consolidated Financial Opportunities Of Netflix

Prompt Taking into consideration that Netflix is not a manufacturing entity, there cannot be a prospect for a new facility. The hypothetical new investment project for Netflix is a cost-cutting investment. Notably, the corporation can make an investment in the production of new Netflix original content, such as TV shows, movies and documentaries. Content is exceedingly the largest spending priority for Netflix, with the corporation increasing its spending from $6 billion to $8 billion. However, this investment will help the company in cutting against the rising costs. Bearing in mind that Netflix has… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Globalization

at risk of job loss.  In addition, because new manufacturing is shifting out of those developed nations, when a lower-skilled worker loses a job, it is difficult for them to find a replacement job, because there are no other similar low-skilled jobs available.   While it may seem like suggesting that lower skilled workers should just get additional training in order to get more employment, this solution is not simple or straightforward.  When jobs evaporate, it has a ripple impact on the local economy.  This can lead to entire towns becoming economically vulnerable, requiring young people to move away… Continue Reading...

Tesla and the Global Market

so far by merging green energy technology with luxury car manufacturing. However, competition is heating up in the industry, and Tesla will need to move more vehicles to keep ahead of competitors. The industry overall is still heavily involved in producing cars that rely on fossil fuels. This means that Tesla is still very much a unique manufacturer. Nonetheless, the industry has taken notice of Tesla’s appeal among consumers. Hybrids have already come to market, but Tesla offers something different—a fully electric car—and companies have begun to design their own to compete with Tesla. Nissan, BMW, Jaguar, Audi, Ford,… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics in Volkswagen Emissions Scandal

today. In addition to consumer demands, Federal clean-air requirements are becoming increasingly more stringent, with manufacturing’s having to comply with stricter regulations over time (Bartlett, Naranja, and Plungis, 2017). The case involved several Volkswagen models including the Touareg, Passat, Jetta, Golf SportWagen, Gold, Beetle, several Audi models, and the Porsche Cayenne (Bartlett, Naranja, and Plungis, 2017). Cars involved in the recall included models from 2009-2015. The problem involves a part called the engine control unit (ECU). The Volkswagen models in question operate in two different modes, on road and dyno. In the models involved in the recall, the dyno… Continue Reading...

The Deal Between the French Champagne House and Mpb Ltd

£1,000,000 Gross profit £760,000 Fixed Costs (£480,000 - £180,000) £300,000 Net profit £460,000 MBP should accept the proposition. Outsourcing the manufacturing services to the Chinese company is expected to be beneficial. This is because the company will be able to generate a profit of £460,000 by outsourcing. The total revenues of the company the company will be £1,760,000. The fixed expenses together with the cost of sales amount to £1,300,000. Therefore, this implies that the company will generate a positive return. List the points MPB should consider before accepting the proposition There are different points that MPB should consider accepting the proposition. The deal… Continue Reading...

Johnson and Johnson Human Resource Value and Contribution

the future. Some of the emerging trends are as follows: Economic Changes Currently, the economy is transforming from manufacturing to service (knowledge) economy (Stone and Deadrick, 2015). HR functions and roles were designed during the industrial era hence it focused on manufacturing companies. Since the economy is transforming, HR functions are bound to change too. For example, in manufacturing organizations, the roles of workers, managers, and supervisors are clearly defined but in a service economy, the roles of employees cannot be clearly defined because it focuses on employee knowledge and skills. Furthermore, the service economy focuses on innovation and continuous improvement… Continue Reading...

Haze Problem in China

of the countries affected by environmental effects associated with human activities and industrial/ manufacturing processes. The country has been struggling with haze and fog since 2013, which have generated public anxiety and official concerns. Regional haze is regarded as one of the most devastating weather events in China over the past few years. Even though haze can emerge from natural causes, it is largely man-made, especially due to coal emission, huge coal incineration, and winter heating. This paper examines haze in China in relation to its devastating impacts with a view of identifying the most suitable approach for resolving this… Continue Reading...