Middle East Essays


Planning the Future at Galaxy Toys

Statistics further indicate that growth will be even stronger in the foreseeable future, with Latin America, Asia Pacific, the middle east, and Africa being the largest sources of growth (Global Industry Analysts, 2015). The growth has been and will be driven by the increased affluence of the burgeoning middle class, greater exposure of children to technology at a younger age, increased dominance of digital lifestyles, as well as the rising popularity of smart and interactive toys (Global Industry Analysts, 2015). The ability of the company to take advantage of these opportunities may, however, be hindered by some threats. First… Continue Reading...

Logical Model for Counterterrorism in Africa

Islamic circles; and is, indeed recognized by several Islamic insurgents including Hamas in the middle east. A Hudna can stretch over a long time; and it can also be renewed. Since the government will not accede to Boko Haram's concept of theocracy as a form of governance in Nigeria, while Boko Haram has adamantly declined to accede to secular governance, a Hudna for the long-term may be an option that will help both sides to achieve their objectives without being ashamed of anything. A Hudna could be part of the government's strategy; and could be proposed as a temporary… Continue Reading...

Facets Of Global Leaders

and locales. Whether it be the refugee migrations from Africa and the middle east or whether it be professionals from Asia finding new frontiers in the West as doctors and so forth, demographics are changing swiftly and significantly and this will require a level of cultural awareness and understanding even for businesses that do not intentionally operate in a global fashion. Analysis Even though much of the developments relating to the global leadership paradigm are positive and increase diversity rather automatically, there are some growing pains and conflicts that emerge when it comes to meshing and merging cultures together… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

immigration reform, effective handling of refugees (with a lot of focus needing to be put on those from the middle east) and an educational program that deals with both of the prior ones while not forcing people to assimilate and be the "same" as everyone in the dominant culture. Also, a lot of the groups above tend to intersect. For example, a rising share of the black population in the United States are people that are not born in the United States (Pew, 2015). Five reasons why focusing on the trends and changes in organizations is important and should… Continue Reading...

Maison Lanvin Company Analysis

children. Lanvin sells their products through retail stores in Europe, the Unite States, Brazil, middle east, and Miami. b- Company objectives The Lanvin objective is to update men and women's Fashion by modernizing and updating classic pieces. Lavin objective matches c- Products and/or services Lanvin products consist of clothing, accessories, apparel, jewelry, shoes, perfume, and purses. The company designs clothing for men, women and children. The men's collection include t-shirts, trench coat, sweatpants and cardigans. The accessories consist of a hat, sunglasses, key ring, purse, scarf, wallet, and waist belt. The Lanvin women clothing are Denim Dresses, Coats, Jackets,… Continue Reading...

Grounding Of the Natuna Sea

took place on October 3, 2000 when the ship was heading to Jinzhou, China from the middle east (De La Rue & Anderson, 2015).  At the time of the accident the ship was moving eastward in the Strait of Singapore Traffic Separation Scheme.  At around 0615 hours, the ship sank or went ashore at Latitude 01? 11.3’N and Longitude 103? 53.1’E in Batu Berhanti Reef in Indonesian waters.  This accident took place approximately eight kilometers from Sentosa, which is a popular island resort in Singapore.  According to Ferguson (2002), this incident also occurred nearly “320 meters to south of… Continue Reading...

Personal Statement for Law School

.....family comes from a Middle Eastern culture, very conservative and traditional. I was born in the United States, sent to American schools, and yet expected to hold tight to my parents' cultural values and traditions. The turning point of my teenage years came around age fourteen during an interaction with my uncle. He held a 9-millimeter pistol to my head and stated, "I as a male have the freedom to have relations with as many women as I please, whereas you with a single touch of the opposite sex can ruin the entire families' reputation." The encounter came after I… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

W. (2001) Turkey at the Crossroads. Zed Books: New York. Reed, H.(1954) Revival of Islam in secular Turkey. middle east Journal. Vol. 8 (3) 267-282. Taspinar, O. (2012) Turkey: The new model? Brookings Institute. Retrieved December 19, 2016 from https://www.brookings.edu/research/turkey-the-new-model/ Turfan, M. (2016) Ataturk, Mustafa Kemal. Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Retrieved December 19, 2016 from http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/print/opr/t236/e0083 Turkstat (2014). Gross domestic product by provinces, 2004-2014. Turkstat.gov. Retrieved December 19, 2016 from http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/Prehaberbultenleri.do?id=24920 Continue Reading...

The Grand Chessboard Book Analysis

is the strategy to manage relationships and conflicts in Asia, Europe and the middle east. The U.S. major challenge is also to ensure that no rival superpower has been able to challenge or threaten its hegemony and well-being. The rise of the Islamic fundamentalist has also become a threat to the U. S superiority. For example, the United States is facing challenges in West Asian region. Brzezinski also focuses on the American stakes in Russia, Europe, East Asia and Central Asia. According to Brzezinski, (1998), the dissolution of the Soviet Union has created relationships and new rivalries that map… Continue Reading...

Better Relationship with Russia a New U.s. Policy

the role of Russia and China in world trade. With Russia coming to play a dominant role in the middle east by aiding Assad's Syrian forces against ISIS and rebels fighters, the U.S. has a choice to make about how to approach the foreign power. If the U.S. pursues a policy antagonistic to Russia, it could find itself on the losing end of a fight in the middle east, as Russian missile technology is far advanced and capable of shielding a significant radius. Moreover, outside the middle east Russia and China have formed a significant relationship -- one that… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

and Muslim societies around the world became suspect -- not just in the United States.[footnoteRef:5] Wars erupted in the middle east, refugees flooded Europe; violence escalated there -- and more terror attacks occurred -- in France, Germany, Brussels, Boston, California, Orlando, Ohio. The relationship between the West and the Arab world was full of tension. America, being the leader of the free world, was partly responsible for this course of events. Having suffered the greatest attack on its soil in history on 9/11, it responded with aggression and a ramping up of security measures that changed America from the… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

in the U.S. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the middle east Joshanloo, M. (2013). A Comparison of Western and Islamic Conceptions of Happiness. J Happiness Stud (2013) 14:1857 -- 1874 DOI 10.1007/s10902-012-9406-7 Peek, L. (2005). Becoming Muslim. Rangoonwala, F., Sy, S.R. & Espinoza, R.K.E. (2011). Muslim Identity, Dress Code Adherence and College Adjustment among American Muslim Women. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, Vol. 31, No. 2, June 2011. Sewell, W.H. (1992). A Theory of Structure: Duality, Agency, and Transformation. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 98, No. 1 (Jul., 1992), pp. 1-29. Sirin, S.R., et al. (2008). Exploring… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

in Dracula -- the bridging of settings (one local and one foreign). While Vathek is set entirely in the middle east (Turkey), the fact that it is being read in English is enough for the reader to feel transported and yet localized within his own region. The story itself is a window into another world: unlike Reeve's "Old English Baron," however, it has no business actually being set in England. The exaggerated nature of the gothic genre that Walpole launched is instinctively picked up on by Beckford, as everything about Vathek is an exaggeration: he has not one palace… Continue Reading...

Pnac the Osp and Iraqs Wmds

-- promoted the narrative that Hussein was a threat to the middle east in their policy papers and their initiatives.[footnoteRef:3] Kagan and Kristol had publicly called for regime change in Iraq since the late 1990s in their own New York Times op-eds.[footnoteRef:4] Kristol, Kagan, Bolton, Perle, Rumsfeld, Wolfowitz and many other members of PNAC would sign the blueprint for the war on terror in the 2000 policy paper entitled "Rebuilding America's Defenses," which identified the possibility of a "new Pearl Harbor" serving as a catalyst for "American military preeminence."[footnoteRef:5] [2: David Logan, "Known knowns, known unknowns, unknown unknowns and… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Change at Fedex

U.S., the organisation has operations in the Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, as well as Africa and middle east. As of 2015, the firm's revenues surpassed $47 billion, with net income and assets exceeding $2 billion and $37 billion, respectively. The firm is traded on the New York Stock Exchange, an S&P 500 component, and employs more than 300,000 employees (FedEx, n.d.). HR Practice Requiring Change FedEx has severally been named as one of the best organisations to work for in the U.S. thanks to its innovative HR practices, particularly in the areas of recruitment and selection, training and development,… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

in the 18th Century, the time when Beckford was writing "Vathek". The middle east was represented in a typecast manner that personified a colonialist outlook. Beckford, largely in the disposition of Orientalism as he is, utilizes Orientalist metaphors in characterization. For instance, the author has characterized the Orientals not as personalized subjects. Instead, Beckford has fallen back on stereotypical imagery in creating an Asian womanizing dictator as Vathek (Al-Alwan 45). He has managed to fuse this imagery with horror details. In particular, as the book slowly comes to an end, the djinn reveals itself and this progresses on with… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

can show how other terrorist organizations both in Western Africa but also in the middle east and other parts of the Islamic world have permeated the ideologies of Northern Nigerians. Gilli & Gilli (2014) show how diffusion of innovation is clearly linked to the types of tactics used by terrorist groups, and a quantitative study can help the Nigerian government to predict and therefore prevent attacks. Considering negotiation is off the table as far as a counterterrorism policy is concerned, the Nigerian government can instead learn from diffusion of innovation theory. Data can include economic factors like the GINI… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

Prostitution and Feminism: Questions for a Modern Society In answer to the question of whether prostitution is just another line of work, the most comprehensive and simplest answer is to say, no, it is not. The reason for this is that there are too many complexities associated with prostitution -- not just ethical and moral issues -- but also social, legal, economic, political, safety, and theoretical issues that color the sex industry. True, one could argue that any field of labor or industry could be discussed using the same terms, but the issue with prostitution is that it is a… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Zain Telecommunications Kuwait

Telecommunications Kuwait. Zain is a top mobile telecommunications provider in the middle east and North Africa. The company was initially established in the year 1983 in Kuwait and was known as Mobile Telecommunications Company (MTC). The company made major strides by becoming the first mobile operator in the middle east region. As the company instigated its expansion approach in 2003, Zain experienced immense growth rate in not only the middle east, but also in Africa. This is predominantly owing to the acquirement of numerous mobile operators across the region. Four years later, Mobile Telecommunications Company underwent a rebranding to… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

headed by a board of directors and the local operation is led by a Managing Director (MD); middle east Operations. The MD, middle east is functionally responsible for all aspects related to the organization's operations in the UAE and reports to the Chief Operations Officer (COO) based in The Hague office. The organization has a project, procurement, surveying, and human resources department. Each project is managed by a Project Manager who has a team of project engineers, designers, site engineers, foremen and team leaders. One HSE Engineer has been appointed to manage and monitor the implementation of the Health… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Syrian Refugee Crisis on Marketing Arena

Strategic management and marketing theory demonstrates that marketing activities are significantly affected by events in the external environment (Mullins & Walker, 2013). For instance, the PESTEL framework shows that business and marketing decisions must be made in consideration of political, economic, social, technological, environment, and legal factors. One event that is increasingly affecting marketing activities is the Syrian refugee crisis, which has resulted in the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees into Europe (Kleintop & Schwab, 2015). This text considers the implications of the Syrian refugee crisis on the marketing arena. Attention is particularly paid to the impact of… Continue Reading...

Digital Marketing Details and Plans

Arabia page, the very first major chiron that exists says "Your No. 1 Fashion Destination in the middle east". In terms and navigation and structure, the overall mapping is pretty basic and is common for most fashion sites. Indeed, there are links to one's account, their "wish list" (items to possibly or definitely buy later), their "bag" (items selected for purchase), links to the different types of products sold and so on. This is extremely consistent with other sites. This is by design and the right way to go. There are ways to differentiate one's company but moving away… Continue Reading...

Americana Group

to substantially grow and become the largest food company in the Arab World as well as the middle east expanse. Initially, the Americana group was a family-owned company by the Al-Kharafi family. The owners have an international business interest portfolio that takes into account food, finance, oil and gas, real estate and telecoms. However, in 2016, the Al-Kharafi family sold almost 67% of its stake to the Adeptio group, an investment group led by Mohamed Alabbar for a value of $2.4 billion. Moreover, at the outset of 2017, the Adeptio group finalized the mandatory takeover offer that remained in… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Church and State

nations that currently have declared Christianity as the official religion of the state, and the same applies to most middle east and Arabic nations that have entrenched Islam as the official state religions. Globally, there are nations that use Christian referenced and reference to God in their official communications. There are procedures in state related functions like ceremonies and parliamentary sessions among others that are always presided over by the Christian figureheads and repeated reference to God is made. Indeed, many nations and citizens prefer to put into positions of authority leaders who are Christians and God fearing as… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

consider the impact of continual war and aggression, NATO build-up, middle east interventions, unmitigated immigration, open borders policies, trafficking, and the role that blowback can play in negatively impacting civilians' safety. As the 21st century progresses moods and attitudes will continue to evolve to reflect the growing unease with EU policies, already expressed by several political parties throughout Europe -- from the pro-Brexit wing in England to the anti-EU faction in the Netherlands to the nationalist parties rising in France, Italy, Spain and elsewhere. Areas for Future Research Future research should focus on the relationship of cultural inputs and… Continue Reading...

Mitch Mcconnell and Rand Paul

the latter camp because I would like to see an end to crony capitalism, useless wars in the middle east, and government waste. Rand Paul feels that same and that is why I would support him: he voted against the Patriot Act, has opposed all the wars in the middle east, and wants to approach the issue of health care in a sane and responsible manner. McConnell simply tows the party line and I see no use for such politicians -- and that is why I would oppose McConnell's re-election to Congress. References Majority Leader. (2017). Senate.gov. Retrieved from… Continue Reading...

Balfour Declaration

Science The political event in consideration is the Balfour Declaration. In the course of World War I, the middle east was under British Imperialism. In 1915, the British government through Sir Henry McMahon, who was Egypt's British High Commissioner, assured Hussein, who was Sharif of Mecca at the time, that Britain would give backing to the independence of the Arab kingdom if they took part in an Arab revolt in opposition of the Ottoman Empire. However, two years later, Britain through Lord Arthur Balfour issued the Balfour Declaration with the proclamation of guaranteeing the establishment of a home for the… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

their status pre-9/11 and how it has changed since. The wars in the middle east in the 21st century have been catastrophic for the some Muslim communities there while simultaneously being supported by other Muslim communities. 9/11 served as the catalyst for these wars and also amplified the fragmentation of the Muslim world as in-fighting escalated into factional wars from Yemen to Syria. To say that Muslims are an ethnic group would be highly misleading because there are so many varieties of Islam (it is akin to saying Christians or Jews are ethnicities -- it is simply not true). However,… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

Answer the following questions for each video in paragraph form. Also for each video, provide a thought provoking question of your own for discussion and attempt to provide a response to it. Video one: Bill of Rights Overview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXopINJmxkE Which amendment do YOU value most? I consider Amendment I the most crucial aspect of the Constitution's Bill of Rights. WHY? Amendment I safeguards the five most fundamental freedoms: speech, religion, assembly, press and the right of petitioning governmental bodies for righting any wrongs. The above safeguards were missed most by Antifederalists within the novel Constitution (Feinberg, 1987). Is our justice… Continue Reading...

Emirate Airlines Customer Service

governmental group. The airline is the largest airline in the middle east. There are three to four thousand flights a week and the airline travels to nearly 150 different cities in roughly eighty different countries around the world. They have a concurrent cargo operation known as Emirates SkyCargo. In terms of the world as a whole, Emirates Airlines is the fourth-largest airline in terms of passenger volume and the second largest in terms of cargo traffic. The airline was created due to some discord an dproblems within the middle east airline industry during the 1980's. Their planes come from… Continue Reading...

Creative Expressions in Films

Leiden, the Netherlands: E. J Brill Gable, R. W (1959). Culture and administration in Iran. middle east Journal, 13, 407-421. Garcia, M. (2004). THE CHILDREN OF HEAVEN. Film Journal. Sreekumar, J., & Balasubramanian, A. (2007). AN ANALYSIS OF THE SIBLINGS' BOND IN THE IRANIAN MOVIE 'CHILDREN OF HEAVEN'. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham. Continue Reading...

Who Is Responsible for Initiating the Cold War

interested in that: they were hungry for the oil rich region of the middle east and the resource-rich region in Asia. Stalin’s Berlin blockade in 1948 was his response to the West’s accusations of Soviet aggression: Stalin saw the Western powers as infiltrative and destabilizing. The UK and the US airlifted supplies to Berlin, and in 1949 the blockade was lifted—and by then the Grand Alliance was all but dead: it was clear the sides were not going to work together any longer. In conclusion, the paranoia of Stalin was one reason the Grand Alliance fell apart by 1949—but… Continue Reading...

Gold Smuggling and the Gold Black Market

leaving Switzerland is also laundered outside of Europe. Jordan in particular has become a gold laundering hub in the middle east. Central Asia and the countries of the former Soviet Union like Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan are also major international gold mining hubs, from where gold is smuggled via “mafia” networks both to China and to Russia (Black; Naylor). These gold smuggling networks are intimately connected with drug running routes, as are the networks in the middle east (Naylor). Of course, the United States is not exempt from the anonymous exchange of grey and black market gold. For one, illegal… Continue Reading...

Implementing Compassionate Immigration Reform

Identifying Optimal Immigration Policies In 1870, the United States had a population of about 39 million people with virtually no immigration laws in place (U.S. historic population, 2017). In fact, it was not until several individual states began passing various types of immigration laws after the Civil War that the federal government enacted any limitations on immigration to the United States at all (Early American immigration policies, 2017). Although the situation in America is far different today, these early immigration policies were based on the same exclusionary issues that they are today. For instance, the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882… Continue Reading...

Using Expats to Spearhead Global Expansion

or Japanese could work, too. For most of EMEA, English is the language of business and is widely spoken ( middle east, Indian subcontinent). A major European language (German, French or Spanish) or Turkish is preferred. Arabic is desired but not necessary because English is common in the region. A third selection criteria is psychographic – the candidate must be determined, patient and infinitely adaptable. Adaptability and openness are two traits associated with successful expat deployments. This is because there will be many challenges, a lot of learning on the fly, and the person has to be able to handle… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

of patients and reconstruct transmission trees and reproduction figures by making use the lessons learnt from middle east respiratory syndrome as well as the Ebola outbreak. Sources data from the news media can be a fast way to come up with accurate and timely assessment of the chains of transmission; an essential aspect, given the absence of surveillance data with sufficient details. This is the scenario that was witnessed in the Ebola outbreak of 2014. Although the authors used a manual search method, to extract and model information that is relevant, they state that the method can be expanded… Continue Reading...

Lebanese and Middle Eastern Cultural Beliefs Regarding Health Care

is rapidly shaping the nature of healthcare not only in Lebanon but also in the entire middle east. They also value working with one physician for as long as possible instead of hanging them occasionally. References Shiloh A. (2007). “The Interaction Between the Middle Eastern and Western Systems of Medicine.” Soc Sci Med. 2, 235-24 Lipson J. & Melei A. (2005). “Issues in health care of Middle Eastern patients.” The Western Journal of Medicine, 139(6), 854-861. Continue Reading...

How European Views Of the Ottomans Changed

Introduction For centuries during the Middle Ages, Europe had been at war with Moslems of the middle east. There had been Crusades (beginning in the 11th century), wars for Holy Lands, and wars of great consequence (such as the Battle of Lepanto in 1571). Charles V had struggled to combat both the invading Moslems and the Protestant rebellion in his own kingdom in the first half of the 16th century, showing just how dramatic that conflict between the West and the middle east was for many. Yet the tension that had existed dissipated to a great extent when the Ottoman… Continue Reading...

Describing Artifacts from the 1960s

than his predecessor had been. Kennedy had been trying to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the middle east (particularly in Israel) just prior to his assassination. Johnson reversed most of Kennedy’s plans (including the plan to leave Vietnam) and Israel ending up expanding its borders significantly during the Six Day War in 1967. The fact that Johnson had also been a frequent visitor at Jack Ruby’s club in Dallas and that Ruby shot and killed Oswald (the supposed lone gunman) before the latter could have a fair trial raises more questions about the chaotic nature of the… Continue Reading...

Globalization Is Not Americanization

advertising as well as “high” or “official” culture in the middle east, First & Avraham (2007) found “a new real estate discourse in which Americanicity is an integral part of the neo-liberal discourse,” (p. 223). In the same way that Californiazation has been accused of dominating American popular discourse, as well as global conceptualizations of popular culture, Americanization has been seen as shaping global arts and culture as through hip-hop and rock and roll. Yet just as much as American art and language have shaped cultures elsewhere, foreign and decisively non-American arts and society have in turn informed the evolution of… Continue Reading...

Keys to Success in Multinational Companies

including droughts, earthquakes, famines, wars, etc. As Shaffer (2017) shows, security threats abound in regions like the middle east and ensuring security in this area will be ensured by following clear guidelines regarding checkpoints, monitoring, and receiving supplies. In the case of fire, flood, earthquake, or war, emergency evacuation procedures are necessary to have and implement. Emergency evacuation training will be mandatory and required of all workers, and managers will be appointed to lead emergency evacuation procedures to ensure that all workers and patrons are evacuated quickly, safely and effectively when an evacuation is required. Key Benefits The key… Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

and taken root not only in Rome but through the middle east and other parts of the world, as Christian missionaries and the early Church Fathers went about to preach the gospel of the New Testament. When Constantine came to power in Rome in the 4th century CE, he facilitated the strengthening of Christianity as a major religion and walked back the spread of the pagan Roman belief system. Christianity continued to flourish after the fall of the Roman Empire, as Christian missionaries, monks and priests continued to preach the gospel, Christina communities developed, and new converts were won… Continue Reading...

A Historical Comparison Of Christianity and Buddhism

these religions later. For instance, Christianity is more popular in the Americas, Africa, and Europe than in the middle east, and Buddhism is more popular in the rest of Asia outside of India than in India, where the Gautama Buddha was born. The founders of Christianity and Buddhism also worked within their own cultures and communities, not necessarily intending to start brand new religions, but more to reform or revitalize their own. Gautama Buddha “was one of the many critics of the religious establishment” in his time: namely the Vedic religion that the world now knows as Hinduism (Violatti… Continue Reading...

Obama’s First Year in Office

and continued to wear on without any signs of abatement. The middle east quagmire continued to represent a problem for Obama all throughout 2009 (and, in fact, throughout the whole of his two-term presidency). Obama had campaigned on the promise of bringing U.S. troops home and getting out of the middle east—yet throughout 2009, withdrawal simply did not happen, and the main reason, as James Antle and Dylan Loewe pointed out in a debate published by The Guardian at the start of 2010, was simply this: despite the promises made by Obama, the U.S. was committed to a policy… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

been a leader in astronomy and mathematics. Nevertheless, like most of middle east, its scientific supremacy deteriorated when the Renaissance era started in Europe during the fourteenth century. In the next few centuries, Iran grew gradually and also was not able to grasp its full scientific capacity (Saniei & De Vries, 2008). It's currently beginning to invest substantially in science, and significant developments are actually taking place in ESC exploration with the total support of the authorities. In 2002, Ayatollah Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, declared support for human embryo development and research and then commended the scientists that had… Continue Reading...

Universal Religions and the History Of the World

of Buddhism, Christianity also spread far from its origin in the middle east into the Caucasus and Europe. Like Buddhism, the first three centuries of Christianity did not take root. Only after local kings embraced Christianity as state religions did Christianity become enmeshed with politics. Christianity did provide a universal faith for the otherwise disparate people of Europe, replacing local customs and traditions with new Christian values and beliefs. The use of Christianity as a universal religion also enabled the consolidation of power within the Holy Roman Empire and later, the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the Byzantine… Continue Reading...

Israeli-palestinian Conflict

et al, 2017), and the majority of "jihadist" terrorists are domestic, not imported, there remains a threat from the middle east. Within the segment of homegrown jihadist-inspired terrorists, there were some 20 attacks carried out by about 178 people since September 11th (Jenkins, 2017). Among foreign-born terrorists who committed or plotted attacks in the US, the largest number were from Pakistan, at 20, and the remainder were from 39 other different countries, mostly Muslim-majority (Jenkins, 2017). A study of documented jihadist ideology, featuring jihadists from around the world, highlighted three common features: idealistic commitment to a righteous cause, individualism… Continue Reading...

Private Security Vs National Security

require governments to apply to them for assistance (as has been the case with the U.S. government in the middle east (Elsea) as well as with Middle Eastern governments like in Saudi Arabia when private contractors are used to address domestic situations—such as those regarding Mohammed bin Salmon’s recent crackdown on corruption among several high profile Saudi princes). Private security forces put distance between the public and the government by placing security issues in the hands of private companies and thus getting them off the shoulders of the state. In this manner, states that lack the expertise and confidence… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Strategy Implementation at the Coca-cola Corporation

sell the most in most countries where it operates. Even the middle east; the only region in the world where Coca Cola is not the top soft drink, it still controls 25% share of the market. It also recorded a double-digit growth in the year 2013. This study examines the design, strategy for implementation and structure of the Coca Cola Company. The primary aim is to figure out how the mission strategy of the company relates to the organization’s components for implementation. Of importance is to understand whether the employed strategy is anchored on the values, vision, mission and… Continue Reading...

The Yemen Conflict Between Saudi and the Houthis

middle east/ Africa Security Issue Introduction The ends, ways and means strategy is a method of understanding what the objective is for a particular issue (ends), how that objective will be achieved (ways) and what resources will be required to make this happen (means). This methodology is commonly applied in military or international relations, where the issues can be complex, as this method simplifies strategy by focusing on the desired ends (Eikmeier, 2007). Background on the Issue There are several issues in the middle east worthy of attention,… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practice Changes

historical influence on the development of the nursing profession. Christianity in the West and Islam in the middle east helped to spread the practice of nursing (Jan, 1996; Kourkouta, 1998). In the modern era, however, nursing shifted into more of a secular practice and in the West, Florence Nightingale served as the model nurse for the modern era. As the nursing practice developed in the West with more and more focus on institutionalized education, standards, and accreditation being implemented into the teaching of curriculum, nursing took on a more pronounced dimension. In particularly, advanced practice nurses were called upon… Continue Reading...

How Pictures Shape the Story in Syria

Syria has been an especially active region in the middle east, with a number of countries, mercenaries, terrorist groups, weapons, and vested interests converging on the scene for a host of reasons ranging from destabilizing the current regime to supporting it. Turkey, Russia, Kurds, Iran, Saudi Arabia, ISIS, Israel, the U.S.—all have been on the scene for a number of years, and the stories told about what is happening there are as wide ranging and conflicting as the players and parties involved themselves. For many, understanding what is going on on the ground depends on seeing images of attacks,… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

Its goal, which it has largely accomplished in the middle east is to take over territory and spread the Islamic state in those areas. This is a different ideological approach than the one taken by Al Qaeda, and this difference is important because it impacts how ISIS uses violence.  Both groups have an extreme ideological opposition to the West.  However, while Al Qaeda seemed more focus on disruption, ISIS is more focused on acquisition.  In other words, Al Qaeda hoped to form a global movement of Muslims that would contain the Westernization of the world, while ISIS hopes to… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

most societies—but only to a limited extent.  For example, in Germany where many migrants from the middle east have gone following the dreadful wars in Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan, there is now a conflict between two cultures—the Germanic culture and the culture of the middle east.  As a result, the dominant culture (the German culture) is taking steps to educate the immigrants so that they can better integrate into the German culture (Bennhold, 2015).  Thus, while it might be politically correct to celebrate cultural diversity in the modern era, the need for control, unity, uniformity, and conformity so that… Continue Reading...

Businesses in Kuwait

different from any other customers around the world. Whether it is China or the U.S. or the middle east, consumers are always going to be price-conscious. Thus, the GM Case Study can teach Kuwait businesses a few lessons about what it means to understand demand theory and how to apply it in their own business plans. In Kuwait, the finance industry is a booming business. It offers economic, investment advice for clients, arranges portfolios, and financiers collect fees for giving loans, making trades, and overseeing one’s portfolio. The fees that are collected have to be proportionate to the product… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing Of Namshi Essay

the Saudi Arabia page, the very first major chiron that exists says “Your No. 1 Fashion Destination in the middle east”. In terms and navigation and structure, the overall mapping is pretty basic and is common for most fashion sites. Indeed, there are links to one’s account, their “wish list” (items to possibly or definitely buy later), their “bag” (items selected for purchase), links to the different types of products sold and so on. This is extremely consistent with other sites. This is by design and the right way to go. There are ways to differentiate one’s company but… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

peaceful Muslim countries are driving a world-wide refugee crises and altering the balance of power in the middle east.  The geo-political implications of a Sunni group controlling parts of Syria and Iraq, while an equally militant Shia group largely controls Iran are alarming and fighting between radicalized Muslims and non-radicalized citizens could have very alarming consequences and has made much of the Western world very aware of concerns about nuclear weapons in Muslim-controlled countries like Pakistan and Iran.  It has also helped drive xenophobia in many nations, because they fear that Muslim immigrants will bring radical Islam to their… Continue Reading...

Literacy Rates Among Females in Developing Countries

plays a central role in the stability of the middle east, working recently alongside Russia and Syria to combat the terrorist threat of ISIS in the region. It has signed a nuclear deal with the West (which may or may not be abandoned in the coming weeks, depending on how the U.S. decides to approach the issue under the Trump Administration). It holds democratic elections and has a stable economy that has held up considerably well in spite of many sanctions aimed at it from the U.S. in recent years. It has positive relationships with Russia, China, and many… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

to understand the wider picture of the prevailing condition in the middle east and the contrast that there is in the West. These two represent different polarities in the context of culture, perspective on women, roles assigned, rights granted and the positions that women hold in these two societies. There is a still not an in depth understanding of the lives of women in the middle east and the roles that they are meant to play. In majority of the societies therein, women are hardly seen carrying out any meaningful role, let alone being heard. They are assigned a… Continue Reading...

Will Congress End the War on Terror

ran a campaign on getting American soldiers out of the middle east and letting other countries handle the ISIS threat, the war on terror rhetoric out of the White House has continued unabated, with sights now set on regime change in Iran, a nation that Trump has singled out as being the biggest supporter of terrorism in the world. During his campaign, Trump identified Saudi Arabia as the “world’s biggest funder of terrorism” (Williams, 2018)—and the shift indicates a new alliance between the Saudis and the White House and the potential likelihood of an escalation of conflict in the… Continue Reading...

Africa from Colonialism to Neocolonialism

instances of developed nation interventions throughout Africa, as well as the middle east, that could thwart Africa’s development agenda. This is known as the dependence theory, and it is largely founded on the resulting negative balance of payments resulting from warped transactions of an economic nature. There is also the foreign aid theory. In this case, neocolonialism is deemed to be a consequence of foreign aid, whereby after the exit of colonial powers, former colonies deemed it fit to enlist foreign aid so as to further advance the development agenda. Soon a veritable link was created between the providers… Continue Reading...

America and the Cold War Mentality

means of protecting its own and its allies’ interests. In the middle east, those allies are clearly Israel and Saudi Arabia, and toppling regimes (Iraq, Libya, Syria, Iran) is what they desire. Since the start of the Cold War, regime change has been America’s bread and butter all over the world. From Italy to Iran to Guatemala to Laos to Cuba to Vietnam and so on, the U.S.’s track record speaks for itself. Recent events in the middle east show as much, as do earlier incidents like the Bay of Pigs and Gulf of Tonkin just to name a… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Culture on Ptsd in the Middle East

PTSD in the middle east Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is one of the most common mental health or psychological disorders facing people in the middle east region. This condition emerges from episodes of social upheaval, combat, and violence that have become common in the middle east over the past few years. Some of the major areas in the middle east that have been characterized by increased conflicts in recent years include Palestine, Iraq, and Lebanon. Given increased conflicts and combat in the middle east, PTSD and other trauma-related… Continue Reading...

Nightclub Business Plan New York

The demographics of our target audience is within the 21-25 age group. This can skew a little bit older at times, but not younger for legal reasons. We expect YOLO to draw from a 20-mile radius or so. The extent of our drawing power will be related to the quality of the nightclub – the better it is the further it will draw from. This is New York, so competition is intense. The demographic will be mixed, reflecting the population of New York. Young people of all demographics enjoy the nightclub experience, and we aim to be a safe and… Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Manifest Destiny

in Southeast Asia during the 1960s, Central and South America in the 1980s, and the middle east and Central Asia until now. Even though the nation has ceased trying to annex new territories, the United States continues to spread its culture, economy, and political ideals throughout the world: a continuation of Manifest Destiny. References Haynes, S.W. (2006). Manifest destiny. http://www.pbs.org/kera/usmexicanwar/prelude/md_manifest_destiny.html “Manifest Destiny,” (n.d.). History.com. https://www.history.com/topics/manifest-destiny Olson-Raymer, G. (2014). Political, economic, and social consequences of Manifest Destiny. http://users.humboldt.edu/ogayle/hist110/unit3/political.html Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

television—treating the film or TV script as a form of modern literature in the middle east. This is an important assessment to make, because this form of modern literature has a more powerful impact on the local regions in perpetuating stereotypes or problematic dogmas. Consider the research article, “Selfish, vengeful, and full of spite” by Mary Lou O’Neil 2013). This article assesses the depictions of women who have abortions in four Turkish television series: Gümü?, A?k-? Memnu, Han?m?n Çiftli?i, and Öyle Bir Geçer Zaman ki, all of which appeared on TV in the last decade or so (O’Neil, 810).… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Organization and Management

more voice in how law enforcement is conducted. Instead of departments run like a military platoon in the middle east, they are run by chiefs working with boards of external members of the community who have a say in what policies and measures the organization is developing and implementing. Community members and leaders often want a say in how their streets are patrolled and serviced, and it should be remembered that police officers are not above or outside the law. They are simply there to help enforce the law. Moreover, the law is not something that has to be… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of War on Iran

Aid on Iran Prior to 9/11 and the invasion of the middle east by the U.S., the countries in this region, from Afghanistan to Pakistan to Iraq, Egypt and Libya, had used foreign aid and investment to stabilize their governments and build up their economies. In the wake of 9/11 and with the threat of war and revolution, upheavals have occurred, governments have been toppled, and societies have been decimated. As Scott and Carter (2015) point out, “no region in the world has received more US foreign aid than the Middle East” (p. 740). Following 9/11, however, that foreign aid was coupled… Continue Reading...

Coping with Death and Dying

served to separate us from death by depersonalizing the tragedies suffered by people in the middle east. Their lives are not depicted as being human or as human lives lost as being meaningful to us. The media portrays so many people over there as just being enemies of America and people like Assad are portrayed as brutal dictators. Yet there is of course a human story to be told and instead of feeling the same way about the tragedy occurring over there we simply block it out because we let the media dictate to us what’s important and what’s… Continue Reading...

Palestine and the Jewish State

foster a narrative supportive of the U.S.’s aims in the middle east. With a particular focus on the Palestinian conflict, Western mainstream media and states partake in the CNN effect by framing the conflict as ‘complicated’. This complication, however, is not represented in the largesse unevenly distributed between the two sides of the conflict. That Israel is the recipient of billions of dollars of aid annually from the U.S. government is no secret; nor should it be surprising that Palestine receives but a fraction of the same sort of assistance: Congress has requested only approximately $250 million in aid… Continue Reading...

Palestine Her Story Documentary

show to the viewer that this issue is not confined to a narrow strip of land in the middle east where people live in hovels but rather that it is a conflict that touches many lives of many different backgrounds. For that reason, the documentary focuses on (a) a quirky artist in her 70s, (b) a serious journalist in her 50s, and (c) a cook in her 40s. They are all very different from one another yet all share one thing in common—a love for their homeland. As my initial aim was to highlight the successes that Palestenians have… Continue Reading...

State Attributes and Structures

$700 Literacy - 36.8% Longevity – 52.8 FH Freedom rating – 7/7 Civil Liberties score – 7/7 FH Political Rights score – 7/7 Iran Location – middle east, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan Area 1,648,195 sqkm, rank - 19 Population – 82,021,564, rank - 17 Government—theocratic republic International – CICA, FAO, ICC, OPEC, UN GDP - $1.631 trillion, rank - 19 Transparency CPI score - 131 GDP per capita - $20,000 Literacy - 86.8% Longevity - 74 FH Freedom rating – 6/7 Civil Liberties score 6/7 FH Political Rights score – 6/7 Myanmar ( Burma)… Continue Reading...

The Communist Manifesto Summary

areas not their own. Indians to Europe and the middle east, Chinese labor battalions to West, Africans in the French army and the German submarines on, and under the seas of North and mid-Atlantic. The war changed the world. The WWI had profound effects, leaving out the vast numbers of human lives lost and the generations destroyed, there were the greater number of soldiers who survived and came back as haters of war. There were however those soldiers who were not affected in this manner by the war, but came back as having sense of acquaintance with death and… Continue Reading...

Students with Keratoconus Disease in Saudi Arabia

how this disease is spread. Among certain regions and groups in Saudi Arabia as well as throughout the middle east, endogamy and disease prevalence have been identified as having a strong correlation (Jaber, Shohat, Rotter & Shohat, 1997; Millodot, Shneor, Albou, Atlani & Gordon-Shaag, 2011; Khan, Abu-Safieh, Eisenberger, Bolz & Alkuraya, 2013; Gordon-Shaag, Millodot, Shneor & Liu, 2015). Moreover, a study that focuses primarily on the student population impacted by keratoconus could be beneficial in helping to determine locations of the spread of the disease throughout the KSA. Since students between the ages of 14 and 22 are the… Continue Reading...

Designer Brands in Egypt

live along the fertile Nile River Valley which stretches north to south. As in other Muslim countries in the middle east, modesty among men and women with regard to dress is a social expectation. Women are expected to wear clothing that covers their bodies and men are expected to keep their chests covered. Therefore in virtually every merchandising and business area throughout Egypt, the same conservative styles of dress will be seen and this is reflected in the way that businesses approach advertising and merchandising and the types of fashion lines they sell (Kim, 2016). Citizens shop in stalls,… Continue Reading...

Kublai Khan Improvements to the Chinese System and Ideals

workmanship. Chinese-type organization and chancellery systems were received by different Mongol domains in Central Asia and the middle east. It has even been proposed that the creation of gun powder and of imprinting in Europe was a result of a cultural diffusion from China, in spite of the fact that an immediate impact from China can't be demonstrated (Khan, 2017). Chinese civilization itself stayed particularly what it had been before the Yuan line. Neither the mental image of the Chinese nor China's situation on the planet changed radically. The change and difficulties to which China was uncovered under the… Continue Reading...

Veterans with Ptsd

The War on Terror has led to an extended war in the middle east that started with a U.S. intervention in Afghanistan, spread to Iraq, and has steadily engulfed other states as well. Returning veterans from Afghanistan and Iraq have suffered from post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which has impacted the work and family life of these veterans (Vogt et al., 2017). 1.3 million veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq interventions are at risk for suicide (Kang et al., 2015). Hundreds of thousands of this same population suffer from identity adjustment as the return to civilian life and… Continue Reading...

The Purpose Of Violent Force in Politics

that would launch a virtually unending war in the middle east, and the threat of war all around the world as the East prepared to assert itself in opposition to the hegemony of the U.S. Today, the wars continue: the threat of violence seems to lurk around every corner. In a way, it is used as a boogeyman to frighten society into thinking that it must rely upon the state for protection. Thus, the role of violence has many parts—it is used to overthrow countries and to keep one’s own country subjugated through fear. References Mussolini, B. (1932). What… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

as it always was between Christian Europe and the Shi’a middle east. Economics and trade might have prevented the Ottomans from making unnecessary encroachments into Europe, and the same may be true of Erdogan’s postmodern Ottoman nation-state. While it is unlikely that Erdogan will spearhead the level and type of grandiose urban planning projects that Suleiman did, certainly the current president seeks to re-establish Turkey’s hegemonic power in opposition to the globalizing forces of secularism and free market capitalism. The Ottoman Empire once extended into regions that Erdogan would be hard-pressed to win back; and yet the cultural traces… Continue Reading...

The Challenge Of Doctors Without Borders

helping the victims of the international crises ongoing in the middle east. It was as though the hospital were directly targeted by U.S. forces because there had been no fighting in the immediate vicinity. The hospital was not a hotbed of terror. It had 92 beds and it “was the only facility treating major trauma injuries in all of northeastern Afghanistan, serving thousands of people. Since opening the hospital in 2011, more than 15,000 surgeries were conducted and more than 68,000 emergency patients were treated” (MSFa). Yet on October 3rd, patients were “burned in their beds, medical staff were… Continue Reading...

Make University Tuition Free

on the people who need it most: students. Instead, it is being spent to blow up the middle east or to build a base on some black site in some unknown part of the world. What about the students here? What about the companies here suffering from a lack of talent? They have to look overseas because other countries actually put education first before nation-building abroad. The American government does not—and it should. A nation that does not look after its own people is a nation that is destined for failure. Taking the albatross of debt from the necks… Continue Reading...

Ratifying the U.s. Constitution

further the agenda of a single state in the middle east that has one of most powerful lobbies in the U.S. (AIPAC) and whose Prime Minister gets standing ovations dozens of times during his speeches to Congress whenever he visits because all the Congressmen know who writes their checks when it comes time for re-election. Had the Anti-Federalists won, the situation never would have ended up this way. And as Galles states, Brutus predicted that the Supreme Court would adopt "very liberal" principles of interpreting the Constitution. He argued that there had never in history been a court with… Continue Reading...

Emirates Airlines Porters Five Forces Analysis

firms are bound to face some challenges. However, it is imperative to note that the middle east is a region has a number of good finance sources. This implies that it is possible to provide the funding necessitated for business start-up and operation. Secondly, the rules and regulations in place are flexible for new market entrants. However, Emirates Airlines are provided with support from the government and therefore this makes it harder for new market entrants to compete (Rahman et al., 2015). Third, bearing in mind that the airline industry necessitates incessantly keeping up with the advancement in technology… Continue Reading...

Emirates Airlines Pestle and Swot Analysis

Airlines is one of the major airlines not only in the middle east but also across the world and its center of operations is situated in Dubai, within the United Arab Emirates. Emirates Airlines is owned by the Investment Corporation of Dubai, which is an entity of the government of Dubai. However, the operations of the airline run on a commercial basis and the business does not obtain any kind of financial support or domestic protection from the government administration. At the present moment, Emirates Airline is the biggest airline in the middle east expanse, providing air transportation services… Continue Reading...

Comparing Etihad and Emirates

(UAE), and compares it to Emirates Airlines, the number 1 airline of the middle east, and fourth largest airline in the world. The paper provides examples of the 7 P’s of the extended marketing mix for each airline, and provides a detailed marketing plan for Etihad Airways. The marketing plan includes how the plan will meet business objectives and marketing objectives of Etihad Airways as well as an Action Plan that can be used to to monitor and evaluate the company’s progress for meeting its business goals and objectives. Etihad Airways Etihad Airways is the 2nd largest airline in… Continue Reading...

Colonial Scripts Reciting Colonialism Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized

study assesses some of the key issues that affect nations in the middle east as they seek to transform into democratic jurisdictions. Towards this end, the author’s assertions are founded upon the concerns that have over time undermined the civil society notion. 3. Main Argument In addition to being civilized, the middle east’s indigenous people are not held hostage by traditions that get in the way of self-determination. Further, religion (i.e. Islam) is founded on some basic democratic ideals that do not complicate self-determination. On that basis, we could speculate that the problem lies with the current regimes and… Continue Reading...

Us Foreign Policy and the Use Of American Military Power

“As Long as The Personal and Societal Safety of American Citizens Is at Risk from External Threats, Historical Precedents Suggest That Rather Few Limits Will Be Placed on The Use of American Military Power, Or on The Constraints the United States Will Impose on The Peoples of Other Countries.” The government of America exists for its citizens’ welfare, an obligation which encompasses being in charge of both its internal and external affairs. US foreign policy’s key principles are: defense of the physical territory of America, safeguarding citizens from attacks by enemies, promoting the status and economic interests of America, and… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

the World, pp. 84-96. Routledge, 2015. 5. Moore, Clement Henry. "Islamic banks and competitive politics in the Arab world and Turkey."  middle east Journal 44, no. 2 (1990): 234-255. 6. Osman, Tarek. Egypt on the Brink: from Nasser to Mubarak. Yale University Press, 2010. 7. Rezk, Magdy. "The Political Economy of Violence in Egypt." (2016). 8. Hunter, F. Robert. "Challenging Colonialism: Bank Misr and Egyptian Industrialization, 1920-1941." (1984): 530-532. 9. Sakr, Naomi. Transformations in Egyptian journalism. IB Tauris, 2013. 10. Sherbiny, Naiem A., and Omaima M. Hatem. "State Policies: The Great Pasha’s Dynasty (1805–1952)." In State and Entrepreneurs in Egypt, pp. 33-67. Palgrave Macmillan, New… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

many Americans do not want pursued—such as the continuation of wars in the middle east, or the continuation of the war on drugs, and so on. The government in America is authoritarian in the sense that behind the elected positions is a “deep state” of unelected officials—officials who are appointed, administration after administration to keep the “state” running while the representatives who serve as window dressing for the state are rotated out over 4 to 8 years. In Russia, the situation is the same. Putin is recognized globally as the supreme power in Russia, and yet the Russian state… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

resources, Japan has engaged in energy diplomacy and investment in oilfields in the middle east [and] recognized the UAE immediately upon the creation of the federation on December 2, 1971” (2013, para. 4). As noted above, the interest in establishing close political and economic ties between Japan and the UAE even predate the establishment of the nation in 1971, indicating that both countries recognize the mutual strategic value of this close relationship. In this regard, one Japanese trade official notes that, “The UAE had been a major pillar of Japan's energy policy since 1967 and his country was determined… Continue Reading...

Hypercapitalism and the Yellow Vests

competing openly for dominance of resources, waterways, outposts and access points. Everything was up for grabs—the middle east, Southeast Asia, South and Central America, Eastern Europe—for capitalists societies entering into the era of globalization and, by extension, an era of hypercapitalism, the need to control was imminent. The need to control, however, did not coincide with the need to support populations—either abroad or domestic. The aim of globalization as with hypercapitalism was to gain hegemonic control and to provide the means of wealth transfer: the inner circle of the developed world stood to benefit and has done so, with… Continue Reading...