Morality Essays


Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

own merit (Santiago, 2008). Aristotelian tradition portrays an individual-based view of morality. It states that the ancient Geeks pondered, '' how should I live? '' Since the agent was presumptively an individual, the response was in line with the question formulation. The same can be said of the Confucian view of morality. Yet, people observe that the question of morality is formulated a little differently. It is more like ''How shall we attend to the needs of others effectively? ''. The response, thus, must incorporate others.A self sufficient, independent and contemplative life is not a plausible response to the Confucian… Continue Reading...

Consider the Lobster by David Foster Wallace

not to think about -- namely, the relationship between aesthetics and morality (if, that is, morality is even something that can and should be applied to the cooking of lobsters). One descriptive writing pattern used in the essay is Wallace's use of rhythmic questioning in order to transcend the issues presented in the article and propel the thesis to a higher, more abstract ground. This is evident in the conclusion of the piece, where Wallace fires six questions off in a row -- over the span of 167 words -- all focusing on provoking the reader to question his… Continue Reading...

North American Free Trade Agreement (nafta)

with the industry is one thing, ignoring the ethics and morality of what has come to be known as corporate social responsibility is less than wise. While this probably pertains more to jobs as they go to India and China more so than Mexico, the overall point is the same. References NAFTA Now. (2012). North American Free Trade Agreement - Fast Facts - NAFTANow.org. Naftanow.org. Retrieved 21 August 2016, from http://www.naftanow.org/facts/default_en.asp USTR. (2016). Free Trade Agreements. Ustr.gov. Retrieved 21 August 2016, from https://ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements Continue Reading...

Sophia Tannis

together with their followers elevate one another on to greater levels of morality and motivation. In being a transformational leader, one generates an inspiring and motivating vision of the forthcoming periods, motivating them to delve into and achieve the vision, manage implementations of such vision and in turn building relationships that are stronger and centered on trust with personnel (Bass and Riggio, 2006). This leadership style can be perceived in the significant transformational initiative that Tannis undertook in the southern United States, before being transferred to Europe. This encompasses the designing and execution of important cultural, policy and staffing… Continue Reading...

Large Corporations Engage in Dishonest Business Practices

in the accounting profession plays a major role when it comes to the morality of business. For example, Gina Rinehart is said to have paid the total tax rate that her company was supposed to pay, which amounted to about $446 million. The implication is that not all businesses are immoral. The tax return preparation done by the tax accountants in Gina's company was true and applied ethics. This means that ethics plays a major role when it comes to the issue of tax. The tax accountants either working as self-employed agents or as employees of accounting firms have… Continue Reading...

Necessity Of the Old Testament

'holiness' Brueggemann mentions the irreducible otherness of God'. Meaning, God supersedes and defies a formulation, domestication, and morality in pathos/power. God then becomes through holiness, a multifaceted topic of scriptural discourse. Is then that the Old Testament becomes a place to examine the infinitely indefinable holiness that is God. Through God's dispatching of lying and true prophets, and the canceling of plagues and fire as seen in Exodus, the Old Testament provides glimpses of what normally cannot be witnessed outside the stories of the first five books of the Bible. When it comes to holiness affecting agency in the… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

particularly considers how Enlightenment has led to the destruction of morality. In his book, After Virtue, Scottish philosopher Alasdair Macintyre presents a strong assertion that the Enlightenment project has not succeeded in fulfilling its promise and has caused the disorder of moral values in the modern Western society. Macintyre particularly argues that overemphasis on individualism and free choice has resulted in a shift from virtue ethics to rule-governed ethics; and from communitarianism to a social individualism, thereby destroying morality. In a similar vein, Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno argue in their book Dialectic of Enlightenment that humanity, instead of… Continue Reading...

Aristotle’s Philosophy

further claims that human beings possess the ability, which is a necessity for morality i.e. the ability of choosing their activities freely. A rational study of human nature is required to discover the end or aim of human life, through examination of highest abilities of human beings. A human being is a social and political being by nature and cannot live in isolation, as is evident through their ability to speak and converse with others and also by their natural craving for friendship, "since man is born for citizenship" (33). Thus, man needs these associations for a good life… Continue Reading...

Case Summary Analysis

express his aggression. Lee lacked a male-oriented nurturing system, where mature males provide for emotional sustenance and morality teaching to male wards (Ayton, 2016). Behavior that reflect psychological influences Apparently, Oswald was impulsive confused and frustrated. He was hostile towards all authority, especially on the government of the U.S. Such psychological expression of personal persecution, malicious power and evil intent upon the FBI, IRS, CIA and the government is common among paranoid patients. They may be suffering from major depression with psychotic traits, delusional disorder, paranoia or schizophrenia. Interestingly, when he came back to U.S.A from Russia, Lee apparently… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

action when it comes to deciding issues of truth as well as morality (Obinyan, 2014). Accordingly, an existentialist holds that, to reach the truth, it is imperative to use personal experience as well as act on one's personal convictions. Therefore, an individual who is closely involved in any given situation will definitely understand it netter than one who is an impartial observer. Such emphasis given to the individual agent's perspective has led existential thinkers to distrust systematic reasoning. Why His Controversial Philosophy Is Compelling? Many accuse Kierkegaard's works of being highly frustrating to read, whilst others have praised his… Continue Reading...

History Of Government Intervention in Tobacco Markets

tobacco and higher taxes than Americans face today. The question of the morality of markets -- and by extension government intervention therein -- can drift into a philosophical rabbit hole, especially the quagmire of weighing deontological versus consequential perspectives (Herzog, 2013). Ultimately the question is moot -- government will intervene in the tobacco market, and whatever choice government makes is going to have winners and losers. There is no inherent right to grow tobacco, in so much as there is no inherent right to grow marijuana. Nor is there an inherent right to market either plant. Ultimately, government intervention should… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

punishments, only emotional ones. Week 5 -- Discussion 1 War is a tricky subject in the realm of ethics and morality because some wars are unfortunate means to a just end. It is absolutely moral and ethical to fight against injustices. At the same time, all war results in death tolls. When war becomes an ongoing reality and feature of foreign policy, as it seems to be with the war on terror, then the nation must contend with revising its ethical policies related to war or admit that it is an aggressor. Ethical systems are not irrelevant, as they can still… Continue Reading...

Joseph Andrews Novel by Henry Fielding

the author is making fun of religion as well as its artificial morality. The fact that the Christian religion mandates no sex before marriage is something that the author seems interested in critiquing. In some ways the author comes across as being cynical, as it is nice to think about a man who is so fully devoted to a woman that nothing can veer him from his commitment to her. Yet Joseph is not as much committed to Fanny as to the idea of chastity. The author uses comedic phrasing, as when he has Joseph refer to the "Christian… Continue Reading...

Eye in the Sky Film

not familiar with during our service - especially in the field of artificial intelligence plus robotics. Ultimately, the morality of the application of any technology with the aim of taking life does not rest on the technology itself. It falls on who is using it, the manner in which it is being used, as well as the purposes. Concerning protective over watch troops, drones are a lifeguard (Westmoreland, 2016). International humanitarian law -- probably with a mixture of human rights -- seems to be indisputable all through the movie. It is the applicable law as the UK is at… Continue Reading...

Hindu Life Cycle Experience and Way Of Life

ritual skills including Brahmin discipline and service to one's guru. Duty, law and morality (i.e., dharma) is the aim at this stage. Leela had her namakarana ritual at a Hindu Monastery on the Kauai Island on New Year's Day, 1991, with her eldest daughter, Anita. They then embarked on a month-long religious pilgrimage to Hindu ashrams and temples across Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and India. This, in her view, was a wonderful spiritual experience which reverberates in her mind to this day. While her husband had not yet converted to Hinduism, their three children (all girls) were christened with Hindu… Continue Reading...

Role Of Confucianism in Art in China

painting not only shows how important scholarship and learning is to Confucian morality, but also how important learning is to maintaining the order and structure of the universe. A major feature of Confucian doctrine is social order and hierarchy, but that hierarchy is important insofar as it reflects the cosmic order of the universe. In "Luohan in a Garden Setting," from the Ming dynasty, the artist clearly renders human and cosmic life as an ordered hierarchy. Finally, twelve centuries after Gu's "Admonitions," Tang Yin produced "The Thatched Hut of Dreaming of an Immortal," which reveals scholarly learning within the… Continue Reading...

What Makes People Change

of motivation must be planted in fertile soil. This is also true regarding morality. Sometimes people may be mistaken, such as when they do not understand using hurtful language in jest is not seen as humorous by the person they are talking about. A good example of this is the epithet "retarded" which not everyone understands is a slur. But if someone genuinely wants to hurt another person, it is very difficult to engage in effective dialogue. This does not mean it is futile to encourage them to see the world from someone else's perspective but it can be very… Continue Reading...

Exegesis Of Revelation 3: 14-22

For comprehensively understanding the meaning of Jesus's message to this specific church, it is necessary to first know and comprehend the church, together with its culture. This book's writer is a messenger from the divine who has taken it upon himself to convey a serious message from Christ. Although the book is directly targeted at the First Century Laodicean church, the advices therein may be applied to Christians in all eras[footnoteRef:1]. The work's literary examination reveals that this church's moral nature apparently reflects its socioeconomic context. That all distinguishing aspects of the city contradict the church symbolizes failure, and not… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

serious moral and ethical concerns. Kantian ethics lays emphasis on the form of an action in ascertaining its morality. Kant insists on the Categorical Imperative. Kant implies that this ethical principle is the superlative and outright and proper test to morality, whereas imperative implies that from time to time one must command oneself to be moral and undertake the right thing, even and particularly when one's self-centeredness may be infringed by acting ethically (Mintz, 2015). As an overall moral rule, for an employer to impose into an employee's private life on social media devoid of consent or in a… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

the right way to foster development and social behaviors, up to and including romantic relationships. Ideology and personal morality are obviously factors. However, there are others that clearly exist. For example, there are many that assert that there is a "divide" that exists between what researchers and scholars are saying and what really happens when it comes to real-world practice and execution. For example, what a researcher might say about proper teaching methods and such for adolescents might come off as unrealistic or uninformed to a teacher or professor that actually teaches adolescents as part of their daily job.… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

in human history -- when there is some crisis point where chaos reigns over law, order, or morality. "Whenever negative energies are rampant and the world is in great peril, in danger of imminent destruction or chaos, Vishnu is said to return. He comes to guide humanity back to righteous living (dharma) in order to preserve the harmonious order of the universe," (Halligan, n.d., p. 89). Both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata show the core function of avatara, as Vishnu incarnates specifically to restore order and "rejuvenate" the society, lifting it up and redeeming it from its wayward ways… Continue Reading...

Choice Theory and Human Behavior

Mottern (2008) writes that Dr. William Glasser's internal control approach labeled as 'Choice Theory' postulates that the following five fundamental needs drive all of human behavior -- a physiological need to survive and 4 psychological needs (belongingness or love or acceptance; authority or acknowledgement or accomplishment; independence, or individuality or choice; and learning or excitement or enjoyment. To sum up, choice theory basically suggests that one's behavior is one's own choice. People develop all through the course of their lifespan. In this context, the term 'development' may be defined as: one's capacity of making progressively better choices with regard to… Continue Reading...

Cruelty and Intolerable Acts

is discussed by Smith in a couple of different approaches, one of which actually centers upon the issue of morality. There are moral elements to the killing of people, even by the most cold-blooded killers. Genocidal massacres however are largely bereft of this moral component because of the dehumanization involved. According to the author, dehumanization has a distinct way of prohibiting one's "moral inhibitions," almost to the point in which they no longer exist. Therefore, a loss of morals is an important part of dehumanization, and one of its traits that enables it to lead to so many genocidal… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

above pattern offers a marginal extra proof that liberality when it comes to sexual morality results in people's dissatisfaction from their religion, indicating a drastic contrast between highly-liberal youth (with regard to particular lifestyle and moral elements) who weren't exactly averse to religious beliefs and principles and the elderly religious heads who, in their opinion, appeared to be obsessed with fighting homosexuality. This proved to be a key cause underlying the latest shift. It is an unsurprising fact that American youth, still forging religious bonds, manifested their discomfort with mixing politics and religion by rejecting religious attachments altogether. These… Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

contribution was the philosophy he enunciated that became his legacy. The essence of the philosophy taught by Confucius was that morality should be the basis of conduct between persons, whether on a social level or on a governmental level. The principles that Confucius asserted were not novel: that is, he did not create them himself. Rather they stemmed from the traditional teachings that had for many years served as the bedrock of Chinese culture. Confucius supported these traditional concepts -- such as devotion to family, respect for ancestors and older persons, and what has been called the Golden Rule --… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

off campus. Educators can achieve this by demonstrating their own good example. morality is, after all, believed to be promoted by a fine example, while bad examples promote misbehavior. This statement indicates that pupils are greatly impacted by their peers and social groups. It also indicates that pupils may be able to transcend their surroundings. Educators often attempt to drum this message into the minds of pupils unable to stay away from bad company. What all this implies is an idea that an ethical or unethical viewpoint is mediated by societal influences. This is no new or remarkable fact… Continue Reading...

Cognitive and Behavioral Development Of an Adolescent

proposed a theory of development where moral reasoning for children develops from what he calls a naive understanding of morality. This naive understanding is usually based on behavior and outcomes. However, as they develop, they can have a more advanced understanding that is based on intentions. This means that Riley is using his independence in the wrong way. The identity crisis as described in the theories of development is a serious issue that he is facing. As a football player, he interacts with the other adolescents and conforms to some of the activities that they undertake, as he wants… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

Prostitution and Feminism: Questions for a Modern Society In answer to the question of whether prostitution is just another line of work, the most comprehensive and simplest answer is to say, no, it is not. The reason for this is that there are too many complexities associated with prostitution -- not just ethical and moral issues -- but also social, legal, economic, political, safety, and theoretical issues that color the sex industry. True, one could argue that any field of labor or industry could be discussed using the same terms, but the issue with prostitution is that it is a… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

fitness industry a moral imperative or justification upon which it could stand. In the East, morality was more defined by traditional values and less by materialistic qualities such as body image -- however, with the rise of advertising on smart phones via the Internet in Hong Kong, Western tools of advertising are making their way into the consciousness of Hong Kong adolescents and shaping their attitudes and beliefs about morality and values with regard to topics like body image and fitness (Chan, 2017). Thus, the strengths of this topic are supported by the literature: Tavel (2013) shows how advertising… Continue Reading...

Systems Development Process

students, their actions are still deemed legal. At the same time, in terms of morality, the students consider their actions as ethical. This is because from their standpoint, by exposing such vulnerabilities, they could potentially be of great help to individuals that do not have the ability to afford such a fare card. It can also be considered legal because this was basically a study that they had conducted within their studies at MIT. However, the most ideal and ethical action for the students would be to contact the company regarding such perceived vulnerabilities (Brey, 2007). Security Consultants Frank… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

religious traditions, because it is more about social harmony, ethics, and comportment than about theology. • All religions address ethics, morality, and social codes, and so does Confucianism. Then why is Confucianism not called a religion? • The main reason is that Confucianism "lacks a concept of the transcendent," (p. 80) • Is a concept of the transcendent a necessary part of the definition of a religion? No. • It is a "western" assumption that a religion is defined by an overt reference to the transcendent. • Buddhism and Taoism lack formal concepts of deities like those in Hinduism, Islam,… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

thought and are subsequently informed by philosophical theories and traditions. Rawls endeavors to distinguish between justice and morality mainly because morality has been tainted overly much by religion. Democracy purposely distances itself from religion to create an ethical framework based on social justice and the ideal of impartiality or equality. Fundamental human rights are the prime example of the discourse of universal justice as the core moral objective of any political philosophy. Impartiality in the law is, however, unattainable because it seeks to "reduce plurality to unity," a difficult goal indeed (Young, 2011, p. 101). In an ideal world,… Continue Reading...

Democracy and Pluralism

is that the neo-conservative school of political thought developed partly in response to capitalist destruction of morality and meaning. Early neoconservatives, although against communist politics and society, seldom proved to be passionate free market advocates (Brown, 2006). An even more significant task is to equally gauge the significance of individuals holding other views and those who were excluded by other ideals in decision making. 2. Critically assess the extent to which classical theories of pluralism reveal (or do not reveal) the social justice impacts of public policy on groups that are excluded and marginalized. Please refer to the debates… Continue Reading...

Immortal Life: the Body and Science

Frankenstein, working furiously to play God in a laboratory without concern or care for the questions of ethics, morality and the sacredness of human life. But as Dr. Taylor points out, the stem cells they use for research come from fertilized eggs that are donated following in vitro fertilization: there is no "robbery" of a fetus and the eggs that are donated would otherwise go to waste -- so what she points out is that as a scientist she actually feels a moral obligation to use those cells for a good purpose -- for study and research so that… Continue Reading...

Ideals Of Utilitarianism

the manner in which justice is mutual to utility (MacIntyre. 2003). Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals morality has been a subject of grounded study for a long time in the world now. The longitudinal perspectives that have been embraced to come up with a theoretical framework for the understanding of morals have been attached to the metaphysical aspects. The philosophical aspects of morality are contained in the main streams of metaphysics. The systematic processes, the physical practices, the theological and philosophical applications, and everything that has been trending for morals to be realized are all contained within the groundwork of… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Ethics and Culture

"good and evil" into their world order, I do not mean that they knew no morality. There is no reason to believe that. It is rather that they had not codified morality. It was a more informal, less ordered concept. There were no Ten Commandments, yet in one way or another people were restrained from doing the things forbidden in the Ten Commandments." The argument is used to discredit the argument that is brought forward by critics that the Maori do not have a distinction between good and evil. Despite them lacking in some aspects of the Ten Commandments… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

the most important and significant traits and parts of life, Socrates clearly felt that logic, reason, morality and justice as he defined it was something that could not be forsaken or disregarded. Even with Socrates' stance, there are some people that engage in martyrdom and otherwise altruistic acts for rather dubious or silly reasons. Socrates, though, was seemingly aware of such a possibility and clearly noted that even though he himself could be ignorant and under-informed when it came to certain subjects, he was wise and modest enough to admit when that was the case rather than feigning that… Continue Reading...

Parental Authority Hobbes and Locke

interprets dominion by superimposing a layer of authority into parenting that is meant to seem natural via morality, yet suggests if the same were to happen with general or special rights, a government would be overthrown. What then creates the level of authority in parenting that is natural, but can also be applied to general rights? Locke tries to place the authority of the government within the context of family via patriarchy. For a government to be patriarchal, there must be some moral obligation to force dominion on others like parents' force dominion on their children. But then it… Continue Reading...

Advancements in Connectionism

Minds and Machines, 57-71. This article tackles the moral aspects of building AI that has some concept of morality built into whatever composition of neural networks goes into creating advanced AI systems. Although this article tackles the connectionism model from a theoretical perspective that is looking specifically at its future capabilities, it is interesting to start thinking about the possibilities that advancements in connectionism could create and how to start planning for them beforehand. This article lays out some ideas about how heroism could possibly integrated into these systems to form some form of moral basis for behavior. Summary The… Continue Reading...

Impact Of the Rise and Spread Of Christianity

Rise and Spread of Christianity on the Classical World It's often assumed that the religion of Christianity perhaps greatly and generously impacted the classical age; after all, it was in this period that its foundations were established and it ultimately became the formal religion of the classical age. But corroborating this understandable supposition isn't easy. One might realize the fact that Jesus's religion was a considerable progress from the paganism followed since ancient times. The eventual success of Christianity proved to be a blessing for humanity. Nevertheless, revealing the precise level and nature of its benefit to humanity is tricky[footnoteRef:1].… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

and Evil, there is no really good or appropriate understanding of morality in society even still because those doing the thinking are infantile and immature: they are still tied to the old world moral codes, which Nietzsche denounces as ugly to the Self. He states, "moral sensibility is as subtle, late, manifold, sensitive and refined in Europe today as the 'science of morals' pertaining to it is still young, inept, clumsy and coarsefingered -- an interesting contrast which sometimes even becomes visible and incarnate in the person of a moralist. Even the expression 'science of morals' is, considering what… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

material objects. Hume believed in miracles, emotion vs. reason morality, idea origins and associations, personal causality and identity, and natural belief and radical skepticism. Clearly, these ideas work towards a common goal known as empiricism (Meyers, 2014). Moreover, matter is what's important and all unique and true knowledge about the spiritual world depends on its correct answer. Spirit is a substance with a form. Substances can either be spiritual or material, and totally different from each other. Although matter and spirit are real substances, they're not related to each other. This point is important and contrary to common opinion.… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

for public health and ethics. Nonetheless, what may have seemed like a huge victory for morality, turned into a dangerous means of advancing and increasing the power of street gangs. "By eliminating legitimate suppliers of a commodity in high public demand, the state created a monopoly for illegitimate entrepreneurs. It was Prohibition that converted small, localized gangs into large, powerful, and wealthy regional and even national organized criminal syndicates." (Hagan 32) Street gangs produced and sold bootleg liquor that would then turn huge profits as customers bought regardless of the laws in placed making it illegal. Although 'Progressives' saw victory… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

critical in creating an informed citizenry that could effectively carry out the American Revolution. Moreover, the women instilled morality and civil values that ultimately led to the aggression with which men struggled for the American Revolution (Cometti, 2011). Therefore, women played a significant role in the American Revolution without which American independence would have remained a mirage. References Byram, M. (2015). Conceptualizing Intercultural (Communicative) Competence and Intercultural Citizenship. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Intercultural Communication, 4(12), 344-359 Fontaine, R. (2007). Cross-cultural management: six perspectives. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 14(2), 125-135. Best, D. L. (2001). Gender Concepts:… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

roughly 2,400 years ago and so much of what he had to say about morality, doing the right thing and keeping a strong moral code are still prevalent today. Even when he faced death and could have possibly avoided the same by confessing and changing his tone, he refuses to do so. Even if such a choice is much less common nowadays, it still happens a great deal. For example, Coptic Christians in Egypt or even Lebanon face a lot of oppression and violence just because of their faith. Many extremists among the Muslim faith view people different or… Continue Reading...

Analects Of Confucius Philosophy

the government. (Dhakhwa, and Enriquez). For example, the government still uses his concept code of morality for governing till today. Typically, Confucius is a philosopher whose his teaching is still being felt by the humanity after thousands of years. Many leaders and business leaders still integrate moral values in their business conducts. Cavell argues that many successful business leaders in China and East Asia still follow the leadership style of Confucius. Works Cited Cavell, D. P. Leadership or followership: One or both? Healthcare Financial Management, 61(11), 142-144. (2008). Retrieved 28,May 2017, from the ABI/INFORM Global database. Eno, Robert. "The… Continue Reading...

The American Prison Population

regardless of whether their actions were moral or not. This show how important likability is versus morality. What this means is, a person can do bad things and still be accepted and defended. This is because that person is likable. A likable person can generate loyalty even amidst a poor sense of morality. This provides a nice Segway into the next story seen on YouTube about prison changes. Trump aims to increase prison sentences, adding to the problem of overcrowded prisons. All of these problems seen from adding new prisons to corrupt corrections officers come as a result of… Continue Reading...

Gun Fu and Hong Kong Cinema

conflicted family, brother-against-brother, friend-in-peril, reformed hood, betrayal, and so on), mixing in elements of melodrama and morality (both Buddhism and Christianity appear in the film), and layering it with stylized gun violence -- gunplay like swordplay -- in a manner that had never before been seen. The film played, in certain moments, like a dance -- bullets being used like rain to wash away all the problems and issues that otherwise could not be resolved. For both Chinese and Western audiences, the film was something new: it appealed to both Asian and Western cultural influences and tapped into a… Continue Reading...

One Nation Under Walmart Essay

is reasonable to conclude that John Stuart Mill would have problems when it comes to analyzing the morality of Walmart’s business practices because of the company’s unprecedented size and economic clout. Love it or hate it – or both – the research also made it clear that Walmart are a forced to be reckoned with and it is reasonable to conclude that consumers in the 22nd century will be shopping at even more Walmarts in virtually every country of the world. Continue Reading...

The Challenges Of Legalizing Prostitution

opens an avenue for the government to regulate the industry but the morality of making money of it is morally questionable. In many countries, prostitution is viewed as an act that needs to be abolished, and this is evident with the legal status quo fighting to save women from the sex trade. Nonetheless, sex workers are demanding higher rights, but this seems to be ignored because people want to have a society where values and principles are maintained (Weitzer, 2012). Public-health organizations are pushing for the decriminalization of prostitution because they are looking ways of minimizing the spread of… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

rephrase it, to what extent did knowledge of the existence of God determine the morality or immorality of any action, let alone murder? Kant moved beyond even these questions to assert that human beings routinely placed on God their own concepts of morality and thus sidestepped the issue of God’s existence, using it instead as a means of validating their own ethical or moral systems. This paper will discuss the issue of if God exists, is murder immoral from the standpoint of Kantian philosophy and show how according to the philosopher the existence of God was a question that… Continue Reading...

Altruism Vs Rands Selfishness

because of the way it circumscribes the very field of morality. She posits the notion that altruism is the de facto form of morality because it defines values in regards to who benefits from them. As previously identified, with altruism the beneficiary is always another and never the self. Altruism, then, is responsible for reducing the field of morality simply into a matter of whether or not one is doing something for someone else. If so, one is engaged in ethical actions; if not, one is not engaged in ethical actions. In this respect, all someone has to do… Continue Reading...

Judges Code Of Conduct Improvement Strategies

work that the constitution gives judges is largely dependent on morality, ethics, and overall integrity of the individual judge. Unlike other political leaders, the judicial system has a role of self-regulation while rendering justice to the community. The ability to offer an impartial judgment largely depends on an individual moral ethics and integrity. Consequently, a judge whose integrity is questionable can easily be compromised and hence may not be able to give a fair ruling. On the contrary, other elective positions are not so much dependent on an individual’s judgment of facts and evaluation of law. Therefore, the public… Continue Reading...

Psychoanalysis and the Different Types Of Research

that desire was inherently problematic, the postmodern philosopher eschews the notion of an absolute or universal morality. Personal identity development is another issue where Freudian theory could conflict with postmodernism but does not necessarily need to. If Freud had been alive and developing his theories now, his interpretations of his own findings might actually have been different. Contextual variables are equally as important as the psychosocial universal variables that Freud believed drove human instinct and behavior. Furthermore, postmodernism tends to value cultural diversity and relativism more than Freud, whose theories are only narrowly applicable. Reinterpreting Freud allows modern researchers… Continue Reading...

Reflection and Research Essay on Augustine: Saint Augustine on Evil

the choices that an individual faces and relates to their morality. Therefore, it is rational to imagine the possibility of God having to create such a world. However, the perceptions and ideologies advanced by the philosophers discussed misses’ significant points from the contribution that Saint Augustine makes. First, St. Augustine argues that God had two main objectives in creating individuals with free will. The first objective sought to create free creatures that had the option to choose[footnoteRef:22]. The second objective was to foster plenitude as the ability of individuals to choose the higher good or, the more superior good… Continue Reading...

Religion in Plato Euthyphro

attempt to do the same, Plato suggests that spiritual piety is a matter of personal choice, but that morality is a matter of the public good. Ultimately, Euthyphro believes in what he is doing, and Socrates also believes in his own righteousness.   Works Cited Plato. Euthyphro. Continue Reading...

Abortion and Ethics

that can be said to be moral, since it is against nature. morality is conformity with rational nature, as Aristotle argues in the Nicomachean Ethics. Rational nature rests on principles that have been defined by philosophers such as Aristotle for many centuries. As Donald Regan notes, “self-subsistent principles about what are good states of affairs, or activities” must serve as the basis of rational nature. Rational nature has no meaning or value if it does not rest upon an objective good that is discernible by way of the human senses. A thing is determined to be good if it acts… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

What comes to mind when I think of “ethics” and “ morality” are the rules and principles that I try to live by in my everyday life. I would define ethics as the set of codes I hold that describe what is right and wrong. I would define morality as the degree to which one abides by an ethical standard. I think that there are all different sorts of ethical standards; for instance, one might have a sense of a natural law, or one might hold an ethical standard that is based… Continue Reading...

Morality Relativism and Beliefs

bad for you.” While some philosophers, like Kant, might argue that relativism is part of understanding how morality must be viewed in individual cases, other philosophers will suggest that just as there is a subjective side to judgment there is also an objective side to judgment and that some actions can be judged objectively as immoral, even if subjectively the action may not be immoral (Fishman & McCarthy, 2013). So in this sense, relativism is like a thread that runs through all thinking about ethics and morality. As Goodman (2010) points out, relativism is not even necessarily the right… Continue Reading...

Morals and Ethics in Nursing

framework, which stipulates that ethics describe the theoretical beliefs and standards that are held individually or in a society, morality describes the behavior or activity of an individual or society, and laws refer to what is prohibited or what one has the right to do in society according to the government (Kristjansson, 2014; Chowdhury, 2016). Building on this framework in the modern era is the utilitarian framework which holds that a community should pursue the common good—i.e., the greatest good for the greatest amount of people. In the nursing environment, this type of conceptual framework can help nurses to… Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

worldview is the individual human being, and the source of morality is judged by the consequence of individual actions based on experience and empirical observations. For example, one secular humanist concedes that, “It\'s true that secular humanism says the morality of actions should be judged by their consequences in this world. Secular humanists plead guilty as charged to these and many other claims that show the genuine and radical differences between humanism and revealed religion.”[footnoteRef:3] [3: Matt Cherry and Mollen Matsumuru (1997, Winter), “10 Myths about Secular Humanism.” Free Inquiry, Vol. 18, No. 1, p. 26.] While religious-minded individuals… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty As a Deterrent for Murder

that has abandoned the need for moral justifications. The law itself must be in accordance with morality or moral law. If it is judged to be opposed to the moral order that is innate in mankind, the social law will be rejected and spurned and the consequences of breaking it will also be despised (Bazelon, 1975). In other words, if the law is immoral, no so-called deterrent will effectively act as such because the law itself will not support a moral justification for such repercussions. Pretending as though they do is the perfect way to introduce the concept of martyrdom… Continue Reading...

Women Coming Of Age in the 50s and 60s

rising and failing quite a bit right now. It is indeed called the “boomerang” phenomenon for a reason and morality/lifestyle is absolutely part of the reasons for the tumult. Works Cited Douglas, Susan J. Where The Girls Are. New York: Times Books, 1995. Print. Continue Reading...

The Morality Of Dropping Atomic Bomb on Japan

said. However, the end was rather unjustifiable in the first place as it lacked sufficient morality to make it compelling. The end was certainly barbaric and the means used to obtain it were certainly just as barbarous. Thus, rather than being a hero for dropping the bombs, Truman should have been described as a murder—and that is Anscombe’s point in refusing to take part in the honoring of Truman at Oxford. The man had no cause to kill so many innocents. Works Cited Anscombe, G. E. M. “Mr. Truman’s Degree,” 1958. http://www.ifac.univ-nantes.fr/IMG/pdf/Anscombe-truman.pdf Continue Reading...

Is America in Moral Decline?

that liberalism’s “rot and decadence” have been leading to the decay of morality in American society—and possibly in Western society in general (p. 6). Both authors occasionally slip into hyperbole, and both make some valid points backed up with references to popular culture, facts, or data. Ultimately, though, Hymnowitz (2004) makes a far stronger rhetorical case: America’s moral character remains strong Hymnowitz (2004) argues that America is returning to some of its roots family and cultural values, and not necessarily for the better. The author introduces the subject by using examples from popular culture and media and then offers… Continue Reading...

Hacksaw Ridge by Mel Gibson

there was always the strong pacifist counterpoint, the depictions of the horrors of war and the morality play at work to ensure that the message about war being negative was pretty clear. I didn\'t see anything that put a positive spin on war, or being in a war, at any point. There were characters that might have glorified war, especially the older military back in America, but they are portrayed negatively, so the messaging with respect to war seemed unambiguous.   Continue Reading...

The Vice Commission and Chicago in 1911

a decent wage in the city in 1911, there were at least some standards with regard to sexual morality at the time that were held by mainstream society—though there is also a whiff of hypocrisy running like an undercurrent through it all. A question that this source raises in my mind is why were employers so unwilling to pay these girls a decent wage, and why were these women unable to find better work somewhere else? Why were they pressed into this kind of work in the first place? What were the conditions like at the time that women… Continue Reading...

Women in 20th Century Canadian Society

Women in 20th Century Canadian Society: Social Conventions and Change 20th century society placed Canadian women within restrictive conventions and norms. There was a very pronounced domestic expectation placed upon women that they would have jobs or careers, but only until they married. Once married, the expectation was that they would abandon their careers to be housewives, working within the domestic sphere of the home, cooking and cleaning and tending to the general needs of the family. During this period, the expectation was that the husband and father was the man of the house and the sole financial provider or… Continue Reading...

Global Ecological Civilization Essay

supporting the laws for compatible natural, social, and human growth. Ecological civilization is an ideology and ethical morality. It has an understanding of the sustainable development and harmonious co-operation among people. It also acknowledges sustainable growth and compatible co-existence between nature and society and between nature and people, signaling the growth of human civilization (UNEP, 2016). The original clear-cut use of the concept of ecological civilization originated from the book ‘Ecological Democracy’ written by Roy Morrison wherein the author argued that: “an ecological civilization would be based on three support systems such as harmony, balance, and democracy” (Heurtebise, 2017).… Continue Reading...

Dark Net Essay

exploration of the internet, and whether there are any constructive government uses of the dark web. morality and Marketing- While many people focus on the users of black market exchange venues, particularly on the internet, the people who have been prosecuted for those markets tend to be those who have founded and administered those sites.  This essay would delve into the morality of facilitating criminal activity.  Are the people who set up marketplaces that facilitate criminal activity morally responsible for the crimes that occur on those marketplaces?  If the answer is “no,” then is it appropriate to punish them for… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

2014). Cultural Differences Cultural differences will range from attitudes about religion to political expression to economic ideas to morality, art, music, and community norms. Some cultures will eat different foods than others. For example, the food in India is very different from the food in America—and so too is the approach towards religion where in India most people are Hindus whereas in America most people follow some form of Christianity. Understanding cultural differences is helpful in bringing people together so that they can work as one whole unit. It does not mean that cultural differences have to be abolished so that… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

that King elegantly crafts regarding subjects that are eternal to human existence—things like justice, truth, morality, humanity, empathy, triumph, and destiny. The document delivers some of the most profound ideas so simply, and thus they are able to resonate today with much power. The letter both immortalizes the King and the words contained. Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

the novel explores lofty and complex ideologies such as justice, morality, equality, human dignity and compassion. Given the heaviness of so many of the themes, it’s no wonder that the novel is an indelible part of so many high school curriculums. Introduction In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, the reader is put into the capable hands of the six-year-old narrator Scout. Being forced to view the complexity of so many of these social and philosophical issues through the eyes of child is transformative. This dynamic forces the reader to view them from a fresher perspective.… Continue Reading...

King David

Introduction King David is a significant character in the Bible because he foreshadows the coming of Christ, Who was foretold to be a descendant of the House of David. David’s faith also foreshadows the faith that Christ sought among His people (yet in most cases failed to find). While the Bible is the only historical source of information for King David, other than the Tel Dan Stele in the archeological field, an analysis of the person of David is revealing as it sheds much light on the character of God and the merciful nature of the Divine Being Who represents… Continue Reading...

King David

Introduction King David is a significant character in the Bible because he foreshadows the coming of Christ, Who was foretold to be a descendant of the House of David. David’s faith also foreshadows the faith that Christ sought among His people (yet in most cases failed to find). While the Bible is the only historical source of information for King David, other than the Tel Dan Stele in the archeological field, an analysis of the person of David is revealing as it sheds much light on the character of God and the merciful nature of the Divine Being Who represents… Continue Reading...

Sociology and the Death Penalty

until the U.S. actually obtains a just system of justice. Works Cited Bazelon, D. L. “The morality of the criminal law.” Southern California Law Review, 49 (1975), 385-405. Davis, Angela. The Meaning of Freedom. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books, 2012.   Continue Reading...

Ethics Of Not Using Evidence Based Practice

reason is for ignoring those facts; the only thing that matters is the morality. It is wrong to ignore the facts when determining a course of treatment. I mean, if you\\\\\\'re not doing the best thing for the patient, what are you doing? Student 2: Are there not other ways of learning things? Why the rigid focus on one type of learning? Student 1: The problem with other types of learning is that they are ad hoc. They don\\\\\\'t adhere to a set methodology, and are not replicable. The reality is that the scientific method has established itself as… Continue Reading...

The Great Gatsby Essay

money. Integrity/Decency Aside from Nick promising the reader that he can be trusted to relay things accurately, the themes of personal morality and integrity are littered throughout the novel. The pathological self-absorption of Tom and Daisy are part of this theme as an expression of antithesis—as are the fickleness of all the revelers at Gatsby’s house. Nick is surrounded by people who don’t show much integrity and he ends up moving out of New York because of it, in part. The American Dream The American dream promises that you can become anything you want to be. The naive James Gatz believes… Continue Reading...

Dark Web, Darknet, Deep Web Essay

below surface exploration of the internet, and whether there are any constructive government uses of the dark web. morality and Marketing- While many people focus on the users of black market exchange venues, particularly on the internet, the people who have been prosecuted for those markets tend to be those who have founded and administered those sites.  This essay would delve into the morality of facilitating criminal activity.  Are the people who set up marketplaces that facilitate criminal activity morally responsible for the crimes that occur on those marketplaces?  If the answer is “no,” then is it appropriate to punish… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Eternal Life Essay

is philosophy (the study of wisdom) without this question of morality? Socrates posed these questions many years ago in ancient Greece and the answers have been recorded by Plato. They served as the foundation of Western thought. The Christian ethos was erected and its Church's doctrines in conjunction with the philosophy of the Greeks, as St. Thomas Aquinas shows in the Summa Theologica. These questions are just as relevant today as they were in the Middle Ages or in classical antiquity. This indicates that human nature has not changed. Humans have not evolved. They have always passed through ages… Continue Reading...

To Kill a Mockingbird Essay

the resiliency of people during times of racism, economic hardship, and struggles with morality; Aunt Alexandra, the sister of Atticus Finch, will serve as the anchor for the concept of family in the novel. Body The Great Depression To Kill a Mockingbird takes places during the Great Depression from 1933 to 1935. The setting, a fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama demonstrates the effects of the Great Depression and how it affected the hardest hit among Americans, farmers. It all begins with the narrator and protagonist, Jean Louise Finch, also known as Scout. She is a six-year old girl who… Continue Reading...

Women S Health and the Issue Of Abortion

or not—which the pro-abortion side argues is a completely subjective opinion as there is no such thing as universal morality or natural law). So there is a difference of opinion on this issue because of the two approaches to it and the two different perspectives. Those who oppose it view it from a moral perspective and typically that perspective is informed by a sense of universal morality, natural law, religious belief, or ethical principle in which all life is regarded as worth saving and supporting (similar to the ethical principle found in the Hippocratic Oath). Those who support it… Continue Reading...

School Bullying Plan

process students are taught on moral and social principles that seek to enhance morality and positive actions among students. However, there is lack of acceptance and respect among students because of lack of transparency and accountability in enforcing these moral and social principles. The school’s administration and teaching staff have also failed in promoting collaboration with parents towards enforcing these moral and social principles as well as preventing bullying. The Legal Entanglement Plan will help address this by providing guidelines on collaboration between parents, teachers, and the school administration. Collaboration in Addressing School Bullying From the above analysis, parents… Continue Reading...

Jewish Ethics

baser of human instincts and behavior are allowed to thrive. “Considerations of charity, morality, and kindness are in, in Judaism, part of the market structure—a broad-ranging religious educational system has always been provided to make such considerations effective and normative” (Tamari, 169). Connecting economic behavior with a strong ethical code is essential, as Tamari illustrates, and within Jewish ethics, they are intelligently not kept within individual perspective and discretion, as that would set effective ethical codes up to fail. Instead, “they are part of a normative and enforceable regulatory code of conduct in the economic sphere. So not only… Continue Reading...

Labor Unions

was also an ethical man, and many other owners lacked his sense of morality, which made unions necessary. Ford showed that when the business owners were mindful of workers’ needs, they were also more likely to be mindful of their business too—and that is what made Ford so successful. The opposing view is that labor unions stifled business growth and development—but this is absolutely not true. While some labor unions became little more than fronts for organized crime later in the 20th century, the reality of the situation from 1865 to 1940 was that workers needed protection from unscrupulous… Continue Reading...

Mel Gibson

foes in order to preserve or promote some important element of culture or morality. Moreover, the Gibson hero places his quest above his personal desires. Gibson likes also to direct in ways that provide a black-and-white vision or moral truth. There is no ambiguity in Gibson’s cinematic universe. The audience is not entrusted with making moral judgments. Gibson prefers to control audience reactions, telling a strong version of the story in a style that could even be called pedantic. In addition to choosing themes related to moral binaries and male historical personas, Gibson also cultivates a specific aesthetic in… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against Physician Assisted Suicide

not all, arguments against physician-assisted suicide are based on moral reasoning. Those that are based on morality refer to the presumed sanctity of life, the belief that “purposefully helping a patient die is categorically wrong under any circumstances,”and the corollary that the role of the physician or healthcare worker is as healer (Quill & Sussman, 2018). A physician who believes that the ultimate objective of the profession is to preserve life will therefore believe that physician-assisted death is wrong and would instead ask that the patient use other methods to alleviate suffering. For example, Appelbaum (2016) claims that physicians… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

The Representation of Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature: A Comparison Representations of women in Middle Eastern literature represent a means by which the appreciation, perspective and overall role of women and how they are viewed by society can be determined. While some argue that literature and actually lived daily life are separate, literature serves as a measuring stick by which one can ascertain a definitive viewpoint on what the experience of being a Muslim woman is, and how such women are viewed. Literature can tell one volumes about how societies work and underscore the role that women play… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Sodomy Cases Rulings

the day. White reached his conclusion by arguing that the case against homosexual acts had “ancient roots” in morality, as reflected by the fact that half of the states in the nation had strict laws countering homosexuality. “Never mind that most of the laws, like Georgia’s, addressed heterosexual as well as homosexual acts. White lumped them all together. He also left out the fact that 19th-century prosecutions for sodomy, as far as the records show, were against adult men who’d preyed on children, not adults having consensual sex” (Bazelon, 2012). This again demonstrates how the homophobia of the era… Continue Reading...

Rhetorical Analysis Of Alicia Garza’s Herstory

having a high degree of credibility in speaking for #BlackLivesMatter, Garza appeals to the sense of morality and ethics that readers of The Feminist Wire will have for issues related to sexism and racism. In fact, Garza’s article can be viewed as the textual counterpart to the image analyzed for Part One. In that image, people from different backgrounds walk together holding the banner for #BlackLivesMatter. The image uses nonverbal means of communication to show the reader that #BlackLivesMatter is about achieving social justice goals that improve the lives of all Americans. The image also substantiates Garza’s claim that… Continue Reading...

Clint Eastwood

relate to; he is individualistic, embittered, cares little for rules, and has his own sense of morality. Eastwood captures the atmosphere of Savannah with aplomb, showcasing the director’s versatility. Mystic River takes Eastwood in yet another direction in terms of genre. This 2003 film does have Eastwood’s stamp in terms of featuring masculine character development but is packaged as a crime thriller. The film was nominated for a slew of Academy Awards including the one for Best Director. Although Eastwood did not win, his two male costars did: Sean Penn and Tim Robbins for Best Actor and Best Supporting… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Public Perspectives Domestic and Global Perspectives

people in Zambia understand that regardless of their opinions of the morality and immorality of abortion, women were still going to need and demand them (Geary, et al., 2012). “These findings suggest that increasing awareness about abortion law in Zambia may be important for encouraging more favorable attitudes” (Geary et al., 2012). Comparably, a nation like Ethiopia has extremely liberal abortion laws, something that is a more recent turn of events. Research has looked at the willingness of midwives to offer abortion services: “This willingness was positively and significantly related to clinical experience with abortion, but negatively and significantly… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Among Peers

should be based on his or her code of ethics. morality, for me, refers to the way a person acts. So ethics could be like a set of instructions, and morality could be like the actions that the person actuality takes and the extent to which they adhere to the instructions. So if one’s actions adhere to one’s ethics, then they can be said to be moral. If they do not adhere, then they could be said to be immoral. Hope that helps! Peer 3: Sandy Hi Sandy, thanks for sharing. It is great to hear that you enjoy… Continue Reading...

Feminist Ethical Virtues Versus Masculine

N. (2010). The Maternal Factor. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Retrieved from https://library.ashford.edu/ezproxy.aspx?url=http%3A//site.ebrary.com/lib/ashford/detail.action?docID=10675800&p00=maternal+factor%3A+two+paths+ morality Stokes, C. How movies teach manhood (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/ueOqYebVhtc Continue Reading...

Political Ideology Libertarianism

libertarianism. CATO Institute. https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/key-concepts-libertarianism Iyer, R., Koleva, S., Graham, J., et al (2010). Understanding libertarian morality. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1665934 Kiley, J. (2014). In search of libertarians. Pew Research Center. http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/08/25/in-search-of-libertarians/ Libertarian Party (2018). About the Libertarian Party. https://www.lp.org/about/ Silver, N. (2015).There Are Few Libertarians. But Many Americans Have Libertarian Views. https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/there-are-few-libertarians-but-many-americans-have-libertarian-views/ Vallentyne, P. & Van Der Vossen, B. (2014). Libertarianism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/libertarianism/ Continue Reading...

Noddings Care Based Ethics

consequentialism in the sense that they presuppose a set of rules that govern morality. Noddings simply argues that care ethics can form morality. In this, she is not wrong. There are many means by which people form their morality. The religious will see morality is relating to laws handed down by some deity or other; the irreligious may turn to deontology, but there is always some sort of code that people follow, in a rule-based way, that they choose to follow the rules, and trust in the morality of those rules. Noddings does not argue in favor of following… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

compassionate care in accordance with ethical duties like autonomy and dignity. These moral obligations far outweigh the more spurious morality of life extension at all costs, the moral duty to prevent costly litigation, or the desire to earn more money for the healthcare organization via life extension. Counter-Argument Legal Issues Without clear legal guidelines instructing nurses as to how to approach patients in hospice, palliative care, or nursing homes, healthcare staff need to rely more on situational variables and ethical principles. Ultimately, nurses need to obey the law and if the law is ambiguous on any matter, the nurse… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

for sympathy or kind-heartedness to drive human action. Individuals’ feelings with regard to morality are genuinely important; ethicality ought to certainly be connected, to some extent, to what actually takes place and what can be broadly and officially universalized. Real experience results in real morality. What may be realistically universalized has no potential limits. Though the claim that taking one’s own life ought to be considered a categorical imperative might appear illogical, it might be logical for one suffering from chronic depression (Alexander & Moore, 2007). Motivation has more significance than consequences that are not within our control. Unpredictable… Continue Reading...

Princess Mononoke Justification to Kill

unknown nature of the monster had enough sense and morality to try reasoning first. This line of thinking shows the strength of the character even in less than ideal situations. It also showcases a prelude to the thesis statement above i.e. reasoning should be the first step before justifying any extreme action. What this also suggests is that Ashitaka chose to kill only as a means of defense - as a last resort - after reasoning and pleading didnt seem to be making any inroads. The thesis statement above is thus justified under the circumstances for the character of… Continue Reading...

Hester Prynne Personal Standards Versus Society

throughout the text of the rigors of her own personal integrity. Hester Prynne has a sense of morality and virtue in terms of a higher authority and she has passed these values onto her child. It is through her integrity and her fortitude that Dimmesdale is able to find his own courage and sense of self, making a fuller character arc in the novel. Works Cited Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "The Scarlet Letter." Planet Publish » Free PDF EBooks Archive by Planet PDF, 2018, www.planetpublish.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/The_Scarlet_Letter_T.pdf. Accessed 18 Sept. 2018. Wang, Yamin. "A Representative of the New Female Image—Analyzing Hester Prynne’s Feminist Consciousness in The Scarlet… Continue Reading...

Breastfeeding in Public

of other opinion holders. The topic under discussion here is the morality of breastfeeding in public and whether the women doing the same are justified or should stop. The author starts with presenting a famous incident of breastfeeding in public by a celebrity that was posted online and went viral, evoking mixed reactions. He also arouses the reader’s attention by mentioning renown cases of businesses that had locked out or stopped women who were breastfeeding in their premises. The writer then goes on to document reactions of various people, both famous and local people to the debate on public… Continue Reading...

Fascism and Communism in Perspective

ideologies which were seen to give human beings the illusion of identity, of morality, of dignity yet at the same time making it easy for them to part with these tenets. Both Mussolini and Hitler were leaders with ideologies that had roots in the progressive movements of the turn of 20the Century. They both believed in the philosophy of pragmatism, that thought is tool that needs and can be used to inspire action and change. They believed that the reality can be molded and knowledge can be harnessed for social betterment. Both leaders charmed their way into the hearts… Continue Reading...

The Stages Of Childhood Development Physical Cognitive

and behavior,” which also leads to the burgeoning awareness of morality and social norms (Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009, p. 287). While the early stages of empathy development may begin in infancy when the child actually responds in kind when hearing another baby cry, it is during early childhood that empathy, altruism, and prosocial behaviors really take root (Demetrious, 2018; Lightfoot, Cole & Cole, 2009). These important psychological and cognitive shifts in early childhood occur in accordance with language skills development: which is one of the cornerstones of the preoperational stage. In addition to being more aware of the… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried

status of everything in the war, whether people lived or died, morality and the effects of immorality, it all matched the uncertainty expressed in the authors of books revolving around this subject. Tim O’Brien created a world within these short stories that mimicked the environment he felt when he was in Vietnam. By providing such an uncertainty in the narrator and the setting, it continues to push the image of what an American civilian had of the Vietnam War. No longer are there impressions of good guys versus bad guys, and obedient soldiers. It is expressed both in The… Continue Reading...

Elements Of a Criminal Act

end. 2. Using impossibility as the ground to dismiss an attempted murder case like this one is scandalous and unacceptable. On morality, there is no doubt in the mind of the judge that Patrice is in a state of mind that is dangerous. There is also no doubt that Patrice acted with malice and with intention to kill. Patrice followed through with the plan. Angela was the collateral damage. Thanks to the malfunctioning rifle Kayla is still alive. Allowing Patrice to go free on the grounds of impossibility damaged the moral standing of the court because it was obvious that Patrice… Continue Reading...

Communism in Latin America

Guardians would be responsible for safeguarding the culture and morality of the people in the Republic. The craftsmen would be responsible for providing the services and goods the people of the state required. Plato advocated a kind of communal style of living in which people recognized that they were essentially all in this life together. But Plato also believed in a higher power that could be relied upon to regulate society and temper its compulsions. Plato believed in the Transcendentals—the one, the good, the beautiful—all attributes of the divine. In Phaedrus, Plato refers to God as “the true being”… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

impossible to gauge actions on the basis of their morality score. The author is of the opinion that emotions come in handy in the effectuation or achievement of the said perception. As it has been pointed out elsewhere in this text, psychopaths lack emotions. It therefore follows that psychopaths and normal people perceive ethical standards differently. Thus, psychopaths lack the capacity to develop the appropriate ethical perceptions necessary for morally upright behavior. For instance, according to Helfgott, “recent empirical results suggest that adult psychopathic offenders, when compared to non-psychopathic offenders, manifest insensitivity to the distinction between moral and conventional… Continue Reading...

Young Children Impact Of Television Watching

The Effects of Watching Television in Young Children The current technological era has ensnared the young generation into a web of virtual reliance, making them dependent on various types of media outlets. The user – friendly components of media outlets have equipped the youngsters with the ability to customize any content into their own individual preferences. Young people are not limited to feeding but also they are able to design media materials which suit them. This situation is a far cry from what the older generation was inclined to while growing up, hence in most cases, this creates a generational… Continue Reading...

Chivalry the Shield and Sir Gawain

not so rash as he was in the beginning. Thus the story concludes as morality tale in which the main character’s chivalry is strengthened ultimately in unexpected ways that nonetheless reinforce Christian ideals and teachings of the medieval era. Gawain wears the lady’s keepsake as a reminder of his transgression and the need to maintain humility, which he did not possess in full when first he met the Green Knight one year prior during the Christmas season—that time of year when Christ’s birth is celebrated—and the reason for chivalry was introduced into the world. Bibliography Cervantes, Miquel. Don Quixote.… Continue Reading...

Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself As God's Work Of Art Changes Everything

A: Summary Nicholas, K. (2017). Masterpiece - Seeing Yourself as God's Work of Art Changes Everything! Lynchburg, VA: Liberty University Press. In today’s world, material wealth has become our ‘god’ (Hudson, 2010). We have structured the society in such a way that success is literally equated to wealth. From their early days in school, all the way to college, our children are being taught that the formula to success is simply working hard in school and getting a well-paying job. We have a society whereby people no longer appreciate the intrinsic value of things – instead, they are mesmerized by… Continue Reading...

How Germans View the Holocaust

safe is the ice we live upon today? What protects us from falling through it? Individual morality? Societal and state institutions?” (29). Schlink laments that “we accused our parents, teachers, professors and politicians of blindness, cowardice, opportunism, the ambitious and ruthless pursuit of their careers, and a lack of moral courage” (30). The problem is that one individual versus a state could do what? There is nothing one could do. The Germans wrestle with this guilt and do not know what to do with it. Too much talk about it and the German youth turn off. Not enough talk… Continue Reading...

Defining the Term Morality

morality Introduction This paper compares and contrasts two definitions of the term “morality” to show how both definitions are problematic. The simple Google definition of “morality” is easy to understand but it also seems to suggest that standards of right and wrong are universally understood. The more in-depth definition by Gert suggests that “morality” has to be contextualized according to the beliefs of the groups or society that put forward the standards of acceptable behavior. Both definitions are similar in that they identify moralityContinue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

majority of people want it to be at any given time: "What is morality in any given time and place? It is what the majority then and there happen to like and immorality is what they dislike" (BrainyQuote, 2018). This paper will show why morality and ethics matter and why they must be objectively defined and fixed for the good of all—rather than, as Whitehead says, a loose concept that can be altered to justify one’s immoral and unethical course. It will use deontological ethics, teleological ethics, moral objectivism, and ethical relativism to explain why this is so. Reason… Continue Reading...

International Law and World Government

intention to exact capital punishment. However, the question that arises from the developments is that of knowing whose political morality this could be? What is the number of people in the world living under regimes that still maintain capital punishment as a way to handle some forms for crime? The governments that still use capital punishment include Indonesia, China, Japan and the US. One wonders who sets the benchmarks for the relevant international standards. Does the giant organization enjoy state of grace over its members (Thakur, 2010, 1)? Consequently, advocating for peace across the globe and human rights that… Continue Reading...

Evil and the Holy Cross

evil exists in the moral realm or in the realm of the natural world—for morality is not disconnected from nature and nature is not disconnected from creation, which was given to man to rule over—a place he lost through sin, leaving man and nature in a kind of perpetual combat for rule. Or, as C. S. Lewis puts it, “try to exclude the possibility of suffering which the order of nature and the existence of free-wills involve, and you find that you have excluded life itself.”[footnoteRef:7] In other words, natural evils, suffering, immorality—these are all bound up and wrapped… Continue Reading...

The Fall Of the American Family

society and as such it is viewed as pleasure norm rather than as a procreative norm. The morality of sex without the possibility of procreation is not challenged in popular culture, so it is not surprising that child free living should be on the rise. The pros of this situation are that people without children can enjoy their autonomy and independence without having to engage in responsibilities of the traditional family. The cons of this situation are that without children, society will not grow and the age of the population will increase, meaning there will be more old people… Continue Reading...

How to Manage a Non Profit Health Care Organization

creation so as to have a quality relationship with those under CHI’s care; integrity founded on morality, fidelity and trust; compassion so as to be able to put oneself into the shoes of one’s patient; and excellence so that the highest level of quality care can be provided (Our Mission, 2019). These values align with the typical values that one would expect to find in a non-profit health care organization as they emphasize on providing support, assistance and quality care to the patient above all else by adhering to the principles of a doctrine that has stood the test… Continue Reading...

Great Leaders in History

of integrity revolves around the notion that our identities, our perspective molds our morality. When someone had a clear idea of who she or he is, their integrity shapes itself around that identity. As people age and mature, their identity evolves, based on the various learning experiences observed within a person’s perspective. These experiences, these events, provide a crucial piece to the formation of identity for every person. (Cohen) Whether the experiences or small or momentous, they all provide a foundation from which the self, changes. The journey to the self is crucial for integrity to properly develop. Lincoln… Continue Reading...

Rousseau and Human Rights

to the public and give them a moral stamp, since Old World morality was not permitted to rear its head now that Christendom had fallen. The ruling classes of the West were primarily of two groups—WASPs (White Anglo Saxon Protestants) and Jews—and both believed themselves the chosen people of God. Therefore, using the writings of Rousseau to dress up their imperialist actions in a moral tone, was just a way of doing business. It was mere politics—an attempt of the West to differentiate itself from the East, with whom it had no intentions of sharing the spoils of war.… Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

right if that course of action is one’s duty. Duty is the determining factor in determining morality. A child will have certain duties (such as the duty of obeying one’s parents), parents will have certain duties (such as providing for the family, taking care of the children and the home and so on), and people in other roles will have duties as well. The morality of their actions is determined, according to this theory, by whether their behavior matches the duty they owe. The utilitarian perspective is a little different in that it determines the right course of action… Continue Reading...

The Great Gatsby and Jazz

America was flush with cash and careless about the rules, the laws, or morality—none of it mattered because America had won the war and the party was on. That mentality is what helped push Gatsby towards his tragic fate. It is ultimately what turned Nick off from all of it. And it is ultimately what makes the novel a moral tale. Works Cited Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. Simon and Schuster, 2003. Continue Reading...

How Socrates Argues Against Crito

and overtake the city, installing themselves as the legitimate rulers based upon their own righteousness and morality. Socrates and his followers have shown themselves to be the most just, the most righteous and the most moral in the city—so why should they not rule? My response to this argument is that the city has not shown itself to be totally corrupt by condemning Socrates to death but rather to be error on this particular matter. Moreover, in any revolution the worst elements always tend to rise to the top, as Joseph Conrad stated (Mulry, 2007). Were Socrates to foment… Continue Reading...

Biblical Counseling Movement by David Powlison

a biological function then we could talk about how there is a right or wrong or a morality of any kind if there is no God. The point would be to get him thinking about how he is in need of God’s love and grace to be able to do what is right. He is trying to do it on his own and that is not working.   Continue Reading...

Halloween 1978 the Horror Movie

the mid-1970s was particularly aimed at young women who were embracing the laxness of sexual morality as a manifestation of the expanding movement for women's rights (139). Michael’s persistent pursuit and attack of victims engaging with illicit sex demonstrate the struggles of the patriarchal society of the 1970s where man possessed prowess and was conflicted to the women empowerment revolution taking place in the US (Cowan). A striking contrast to the sexist and feminist stereotypes that transcends Halloween 1978 is the maternal feminism by the female characters. The plot is constructed around teenagers babysitting younger children whereby Annie babysits… Continue Reading...

Hubris and Fate Euripides’ Bacchae

ruler. Thus, according to the terms set by ancient Greek morality and religion, he deserves to die in the horrible way that he does, ripped to pieces by the gods’ followers, including his own mother (who does not recognize him in her ecstatic frenzy). Of course, by modern standards of justice, Pentheus’ punishment is far too harsh. First of all, he is very young, and merely shows the arrogance of youth. Human beings do have the capacity to change. Secondly, although he is committing an offense in terms of attempting to regulate people’s religious expression, there is no question… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory

means that in physical issues like medicine, there is no need of one bothering themselves with morality (Polkinghorne, 1998, p. 60). On the other hand, the spiritual realm was put in place for things that do not concern material or mental perspective. Social sciences, including psychology, are classified under the spiritual realm. The separation has been brought over to the modern world. Because psychology is somehow classified as part of the spiritual realm, then Christians continue to criticize it. In the Christian beliefs, psychology does not meet the standards of any doctrine, and it could not sustain as it… Continue Reading...