Muslim Essays


Logical Model for Counterterrorism in Africa

Boko-Haram In order to effectively neutralize the Boko Haram in Nigeria, I suggest a combination of strategies including the use of military force combined with education and economic empowerment programs. The Nigerian authorities need to incorporate partnerships and conduct a host of operations mentioned above within the Boko Haram strongholds. This model describes the aims and contribution of the various stakeholders. The implementation of such a model, collectively, will enable the authorities to undermine the strengths of Boko Haram on economic, psychological and military front (Siollun, 2015). Although the military alone cannot stop the insurgency, it has a critical role… Continue Reading...

Orthodoxy Of Abrahamic Religions

love their fellow man and woman even if they are not muslim (Murdock, D.M.). Along those same lines is Martin Luther. Martin Luther had his own issues with Abrahamic religions, the Catholic Church in particular. Rather than reinvent the wheel, Luther insisted that the path of the Catholic Church was not a good one and that there needed to be a reversion to what was ostensibly taught in the Bible. To wit, that is where Luther's Catechism had its birth. At the same time, Luther was not a huge fan of the Jews during his day and there are… Continue Reading...

Prophet’s Night Journey Ascension in Islamic Literature

God the Almighty bestowed on His Beloved Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) a miracle -- al- Israa' wal- Mi'raj (the Night Journey & Ascension) -- in order that his honor be increased and that he be revealed one of His grand signs. God the Almighty says in the Holy Qur'an: "Holy is He Who carried His bondman by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Aqsa Mosque around which We have put blessings that We may show him Our grand signs; No doubt, He is the Hearing, the Seeing." [Qur'an. 17: 1] and: "By the lovely shining star Muhammad, when he descended… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

and other areas in Southern Africa. During the seventeenth century, the Dutch started to trade muslim slaves from Southeast Asia to Southern Africa so as to labor in their farms. All through the eighteenth and nineteenth century, England made use of muslim and Hindu Indians as slaves in their sugarcane fields in South Africa, despite the fact that these people usually had been paid a minor salary. Among the slaves that were brought to America, around twenty percent had been Muslims, and some elements of their Islamic faith had been retained in names and songs, amid other conventional customs… Continue Reading...

Personal Statement for Law School

moment I became a rebel against what I viewed as the oppressor. I want to make clear that strict muslim parents are a minority, and nowhere in the Quran does it condone such behavior. This behavior is patriarchy and misogyny, plain and simple. The freedom I had previously fully enjoyed vanished. I was no longer allowed to leave the house without an older sibling and had a 7:00 PM curfew. I was no longer allowed to see my friends outside of school. I was switched to a same sex high school. This action ostracized me as "the other," and anger… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Nigerian Terrorism

entire nation. Boko Haram has a political agenda that appeals to the disenfranchised muslim citizens in the northeastern region of Nigeria, because it focuses on social justice issues. The Nigerian government has been the target of Boko Haram, particularly after the government-sponsored assassination of Mohammad Yusef. Violence and intimidation are not sensible or effective responses to Boko Haram, but transformational anti-poverty policies are. Hansen, W.W. & Musa, U.A. (2013). Fanon, the Wretched and Boko Haram. Journal of Asian and African Studies January 15, 2013 0021909612467277. Frantz Fanon, premier philosopher of post-colonial discourse, would have predicted the emergence of Boko… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

religious than the countryside. While most Turks are nominally muslim and the cities full of mosques, they are more modern and progressive in general, and also happen to dominate political, cultural and economic life in the country. Much of Turkey remains primarily an agriculture economy. The values of the people in the cities and those in the country are substantially different, and the differences in power between the areas was symbolized by religion and attitudes towards the West. While Turkey's big cities looked westward, its military aligned with NATO, and is politicians dreamed of the European Union, most of… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

longstanding secularity was one means to circumvent post-9/11 resentment and stereotyping. Touting oneself as SBNR, only a muslim quasi-ethnic identity remained, which effectively suggested a non-extremist, non-Christian, ordinary American religiosity (Drescher). Although widespread access to the World Wide Web beginning from the mid-nineties significantly impacted spiritual seeking, interreligious interactions and participation, and religious practice, Twitter, Facebook, blogs, novel websites and other social networks generated a torrent of views on subjects, which altered with every minute. Different, multiplatform mediations of reports on the Nones continues constructing a complicated grasp of Nones' identity (including SBNRs) and the impact of their growth… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

on the level of spending and the financial decisions made. muslim consumers face a great deal of challenges in adhering to Islamic law, taking into account the lack of Islamic banking in overseas expanses. This can present several challenges to students, especially in attaining student loans. According to Islamic law, Muslims are not supposed to pay or receive interest. This implies that banks might find it difficult not to provide such students with student loan as they have the belief of not paying the interest that accrues from such loans. H4: Classification of expenses into different categories influences level… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

Immigration and the muslim Population 9/11 changed the world -- especially in the U.S. in terms of muslim-American relations and the way the word "terror" and "terrorist" is used to identify or refer to a group of people.[footnoteRef:1] The issue of Islamaphobia became more pronounced and anti-muslim immigration policies began to be discussed as a matter of national security.[footnoteRef:2] As -- has shown, the media has been complicit in both demonizing the muslim community in America and promoting a view of American immigration policy that is anti-muslim.[footnoteRef:3] This… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

Conger n.d., p. 14). Therefore, it makes sense to focus on adolescence and young adulthood when investigating biculturality among muslim American youth. Religion and culture are both significant features and factors of identity construction. At times there may be significant nodes of intersection between national, ethnic, and religious identities, leading to multiple and interlinked identity constructions. Gender can also factor in, as can socio-economic or status class differences. For example, South Asian Muslims share a muslim identity with their Arabian counterparts, but also share a common identity with their Hindu South Asian counterparts (Mohammad-Arif, 2000). Theories of identity formation… Continue Reading...

Nigeria Boko Haram and African Terrorism

a new phenomenon in northern Nigeria," Agbiboa (2013b) claims that " muslim fanatics" have capitalized on the systematic disenfranchisement and impoverishment in the north to radicalize young recruits. The author shows how deprivation theory can be applied to Boko Haram to provide alternative counterterrorism solutions. Anyadike, N.O. (2013). Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria; Causes and Solutions. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 4(5): Retrieved: http://rguild.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Boko-Haram-and-National-Security-Challenges-in-Nigeria-Causes.pdf This article is helpful for positioning Boko Haram in terms of globalized Islamic terrorism. The author shows how Boko Haram's 2009 uprising "set a precedent," and showed how a specifically Nigerian brand… Continue Reading...

Relationship Of Food and Ritual in India

Saving the Cows, Starving the Children" by Sonia Faleirojune and the article entitled "Food Price Inflation in India: Causes and Cures" by Pradeep Agrawal and Durairaj Kumaraswamy in the Indian Economic Review available from JSTOR both address food issues in India. These articles appealed to me because I find India to be a fascinating country where there is so much potential for greatness yet so much inherent contradictory actions and agendas that frustrate the country's advances. Faleirojune focuses on the contradiction at the heart of India's policy towards banning beef: cows are literally everywhere in India and could be used… Continue Reading...

Democracy or Not for Economic Development

after years of civil war. The north of Sudan was muslim, the south Christian, and that is largely the fault line along which the border between Sudan and South Sudan is presently split. The country is one of the least-developed on earth. GDP per capita is around $2,000, ranking 203rd in the world, between Uganda and the Solomon Islands. Its level of development is, however, in line with that of its neighbors. The country has potential oil wealth, however, ranking in between Malaysia and Indonesia in terms of proved reserves, but having no refining capacity (CIA World Factbook, 2016).… Continue Reading...

Role Of Faith in Healthcare

Religious Sensitivity Everyone on the planet Earth has their own concept of religion, spirituality and what they believe when it comes to both. Of course, those mindsets and perceptions evolve and change over time. They are influenced by life events, exposure to religion exposure to others when it comes to religion and so forth. However, most situations and applications do not call for religion to even be brought up or discussed. Even so, healthcare is absolutely an exception to the norm given that many people rely and lean on their faith, whatever it may be, when they face their mortality… Continue Reading...

Imagery and Themes Of Baraka

Baraka -- Post Ron Fricke's Baraka (1992) is a truly stunning experiment in documentary film. It provides no traditional narrative but instead invites the viewer to feast his or her eyes on the wonders of the world. The opening shots of the immense, snow-capped mountain ranges accompanied by the haunting flute-like, Oriental sounds of a musical instrument indicate that there is something more -- something glorious going on below the surface. The thoughtful-looking (with its very human-like face) monkey in the hot spring, the stars in the sky, the solar eclipse -- and the title card over it -- give… Continue Reading...

Vathek Stories

fact that the book is written by an English novelist yet the book is set in a muslim context. More so, the book was originally written in French. Therefore, it takes into account a tradition of French literature, yet delineates muslim culture. This takes into account the fact that Vathek includes djinns. The story simply appropriates the manner in which the Arabian culture perceived djinns and Beckford is not fully familiar with this element. In addition, there is the sacrifice of virgins and portraying women as being evil. These are myths that the English culture does not identify with,… Continue Reading...

Comparing Different Cultural Views on Aging

belief in reincarnation (or even in an afterlife, except for those who are still Christian, muslim, etc.) there is very little desire to even think about getting old or how we might help those who age. Instead, we focus on making every moment of our youths last -- which is clearly myopic, since time is ever-fleeting. Thus, there is a kind of despair in our attitude towards aging here in the West. Another culture is the Chinese culture: their traditional Confucian belief system holds that it is especially important to respect and venerate one's elders and ancestors. Confucianism is… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

that is more fundamentally rooted in the theological/philosophical worldviews of the past (Christian, muslim, Confucian, etc.). In other words, prostitution could be seen as just another line of work by feminists who promote the idea of taking ownership of one's sexuality -- but at the same time it could be viewed as degrading to women for various reasons that will be explored in the following pages. Indeed, the feminist perspective does not offer a clear answer as to how prostitution should be viewed, as prostitution itself is a complicated issue with some women taking to it out of a… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

example he notes is that of the prohibition to the consumption of pork in muslim countries. According to the harm principle, Mill asserts that this merely restricts liberty and forces individuals to conform to religious dictates. "It is, in the first place, an offence against their religion . . . that peculiar character, resembling an instinctive antipathy, which [is] the idea of uncleanness . . . "[footnoteRef:8] For Mill, the prohibition of pork is solely rooted in religious prejudice and thus cannot be defensible. The result is merely the restriction of liberty and harm is done to others and… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

of Human Rights") (IJRC 2016 p 1) was ratified by 48 countries with some muslim countries such as Iran, Iraq, Lebanon and Egypt. While member countries have implemented the principles of UDHR, some Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia and Syria have refused to sign the treaty because they believe that the basic principles of UDHR are incompatible with Islam. The objective of this document is to explore the incompatibility between Islam and Human Rights. Statement of Problem The Islamic law has been identified as one of the multifaceted, complex and misunderstood law guiding the human conducts in the… Continue Reading...

Terrorist Group Leaders

was actually weak and could be severely hurt. For bin Laden, the muslim world "suffered from a psychology of defeat" following America's triumph over the Soviet Union and it was therefore important for Muslims to show their might and create terror (Friedman, 2007). The use of psychology to advance terrorist ideologies is not limited to bin Laden and al Qaeda. Indeed, leaders of terrorist groups capitalize on psychological techniques to recruit and influence their followers (Victoroff, 2005). This paper explains the various tools and techniques used by terrorist group leaders (irrespective of ideology, agenda, and motivation) to influence the… Continue Reading...

Southernization and Westernization

fifth century CE and happened within the same environment and realm as the muslim caliphates that were occurring at the same time. It is now attested and asserted that this process started in 500 and then continued to 1300, at which point it seemingly laid the groundwork for westernization and came to pass from 1300 CE to the present. Indeed, Lynda Shafer from Turfs University describes Southernization and westernization as being analogous. The latter of those two terms refers to certain developments that first occurred in Western Europe. Indeed, the advent and emergence of exploration and colonization led to… Continue Reading...

Exclusivity and Inclusivity in the Church

appreciate that faith transcends all forms of prejudice and is offered and extended to one and all -- to muslim, to Hindu, to Syrian, to German, to Russian, to Chinese, to men and to women. It is not a faith that is nationalistic or that is for only one set of people. However, to be inclusive, the Church must be adamant on the principle of the faith -- of the exclusive right to worship that Jesus as the Son of God and the Second Person of the Holy Trinity possesses. To imagine that all are welcome in the Church… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court Second Amendment Case

illegal immigration. Additionally, President Trump's calls for a complete muslim ban is likely to contribute to violation of the Fifth Amendment's right to due process while his recent attack on the Sixth Amendment is likely to interfere with an individual's right to fair trial, especially when facing a Second Amendment case. Under President Trump, individuals' protection against cruel and unusual punishment as guaranteed by the Eighth Amendment is likely to be interfered with because of his seeming support for unrestrained punishment of criminals and terrorists. In conclusion, the Second Amendment is one of the constitutional provisions that have remained… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

or eliminating racism and negative stereotyping. Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) point out "83% of muslim individuals reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new immigrants and perceived threats to an imaginary cohesiveness of the dominant culture -- something that is ironic given the heterogeneous nature of the United States. Given… Continue Reading...

Judaism Religion Teachings and Festivals

Judaism Religion Rabbinic Judaism is the main form of Judaism that has existed from the 6th Century to date. From this form of Judaism, three different forms of Judaism have been established which are conservative, Orthodox and reform. Covenant -- Torahic teachings defines it as an agreement that the people had with God. An Arch of Covenant as highlighted in the books of Samuel and Kings symbolized the agreement between God and the people before heading to Canaan. Halakhah defines the entire structure of the Jewish Laws as they are taught from the oral or the written Torah taught to… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

J. (2012). Crime Reducing Entertainment. Internet Journal of Criminology. Retrieved from: http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Cashmore_Crime_Reducing_Entertainment_IJC_July_2012.pdf Ciftci, S. (2012). Islamophobia and threat perceptions: Explaining anti- muslim sentiment in the West. Journal of muslim Minority Affairs, 32(3): 292-309. Crime Prevention Research Center. (2014). Comparing murder rates and gun ownership across countries. CPRC. Retrieved from http://crimeresearch.org/2014/03/comparing-murder-rates-across-countries/ Croall, H. (2011) Crime and Society in Britain. Harlow: Longman. Czech Ministry. (2016). Analysis of the potential impacts of the revision of the control of firearms. MVCR. Retrieved from http://www.mvcr.cz/clanek/analyza-moznych-dopadu-revize-smernice-o-kontrole-strelnych-zbrani.aspx Downes, D., Rock, P. (2011) Understanding Deviance: A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule Breaking. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Duquet,… Continue Reading...

Need for Cultural Change at an Organization

For example, if there is a presence of many muslim people within an organization, allocating a small space and some time for those people to conduct their prayers would be a wise thing to do. In many cases, it's an unwise idea not to provide such a space if it becomes obvious that such a need exists (Nolo, 2017). The healthcare firm in question should not dawdle and waste time when it comes to this cultural shift. However, the proper amount of time does need to be taken. A good starting point would be a period of 90 days… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

even Lebanon face a lot of oppression and violence just because of their faith. Many extremists among the muslim faith view people different or that defect from Islam to be only worth of death. The point that is foreseen by what happened in the time of Socrates and beyond has not changed all that much today. Sure, there are technologies and other things to consider that did not exist before such as medical-induced abortions and the like, but the ability to consider and ponder moral questions has not changed even if some people have different or more malleable moral… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban and Why It Is Bad

.....office, Trump issued an executive order banning people from seven muslim countries from entering the United States, and simultaneously stopped accepting refugees from Syria. The affected countries included Iran, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan and Libya. Several months after the original executive order, the Trump administration removed Iraq from the list of banned countries. The executive order created a legal fiasco, a social miasma, and certain economic downturn not just for the affected nations but for the United States, too. On its legal merits alone, the executive order has been challenged several times. Initial confusion… Continue Reading...

World and Native Music

some kind of cultural context, something that the author does not discuss. The cultural context of muslim chanting is a religious context, just as the cultural context of hip-hop is African-American politics. Some music occurs in a commercial context. Other types of music are more communicative in nature, as when bards sing songs to record history. Furthermore, music needs to be understood as a technical practice. Anyone can make noise on an instrument or device, but it requires technical practice and prowess to make music. Finally, music has important social and psychological dimensions. McAllester, David P. "North America/Native America."… Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

of Muslims in America, "a coalition of Arab-American and muslim political action groups" supported the Bush-Cheney ticket in 2000 and helped provide support in the final swing state of Florida in an otherwise tight race (p. 91). Thus, while muslim Americans are certainly not a major social or political group in the U.S., they have helped to shape certain outcomes -- though they have also been shaped by 9/11 and the ensuing terror attacks around the world. This paper will discuss muslim-American mobilization before and after 9/11, examine their status pre-9/11 and how it has changed since. The wars… Continue Reading...

Protection Of the Victims Of Crime

http://www.victimsweek.gc.ca/res/r53.html Karman, (2012). Victims Contribution to the Crime Problem - Criminal Law - Lecture Slides, Slides for Criminal Law. Aligarh muslim University. Aligarh muslim University. Retrieved 04 May, 2017 from https://www.docsity.com/en/victims-contribution-to-the-crime-problem-criminal-law-lecture-slides/230315/ Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, (n.d). Violent Victimization as a Risk Factor for Violent Offending Among Juveniles. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/195737.pdf Roberts K., (2016). The Psychology of Victim-Blaming. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/10/the-psychology-of-victim-blaming/502661/ Police.UK., (2017). Reporting Crime. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.police.uk/information-and-advice/reporting-crime/ Victims of Violence, (2007). Media Victimization. 04 May, 2017 from http://www.victimsofviolence.on.ca/research-library/media-and-victimization/ Continue Reading...

Counter Terrorism Community Policing and Changes

his fellow officers had also been responding more to hate crimes against the muslim community. Structural changes to the organization included greater centralization and more reliance on technology and big data in policing methods. Officers themselves were ambivalent about the changes because of their mixed implications and results. There has been a lack of role clarity as officers are expected to continue in their traditional role in the community while also seeming to overextend themselves by participating in counterterrorism. As Ernst (2017) points out, police officers are "much more likely" to deal with mundane daily events than on anything… Continue Reading...

Modern Police Tactics and Tricks

Community Policing Describe the different views of communities utilized within "traditional" police-community relations and "contemporary" police-community relations. When it comes to the proper scope, method, depth and breadth of community policing and how it should be done, there are a number of answers that should be provided and defined. The first question to be answered is the difference between "traditional" police/community relations and what is different about this relationship when it is modernized and made more current. The former is probably best defined by a laser focus on "catching the bad guy" and being suspect of everyone and everything, to… Continue Reading...

De Jouvenel Quote on Sheep and Wolves

“A society of sheep must in time beget a government of wolves.” The meaning of Bertrand de Jouvenel’s statement has changed little since the French philosopher first wrote those words a hundred years ago. In fact, these words speak a timeless truth about human social behavior and political culture. Especially in a democracy, when the people are entrusted with the power to create whatever government they desire or whatever government they believe will bring about desired outcomes, being sheepish is a dangerous proposition indeed. When people become mindless followers, succumbing to the mentality of a herd, they surrender their humanity… Continue Reading...

Virginity Definition and Differences in Cultures

(2015). Diasporic virginities: Social representations of virginity and identity formation amongst British Arab muslim women. Culture & Psychology, 21(1), 3-19. Bearman, P. S., & Brückner, H. (2015). Promising the Future: Virginity Pledges and First Intercourse1. American Journal of Sociology.   Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

exchange. The Roman Empire, the Franks, the Empire of Charlemagne, the muslim Empire of the Middle Ages—all of these were interested in spreading their influence through culture—whether it was by education, whether it was by religion, whether it was by military force, or whether it was through the obtaining of riches. The dynamics of cultural exchange were typically seen in this way, with cultures coming into contact through war, through trade, and through missionary activity. One big impetus of exchange between the Christian West and the Islamic world was the Holy Wars that were fought for centuries over Holy… Continue Reading...

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

was coming from the East in the form of Suleiman and the muslim invasions, which Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, fought hard to repel. The crisis of the Church with the unanswered attacks of the Protestant Reformers and the threat of the Ottoman Empire was palpable—and Charles V himself would push for the Pope in Rome to call a Council that would address the errors being promoted and promulgated by the Protestant Reformers. That council would eventually be held from 1544 to 1563 and be known as the Council of Trent, which launched the Counter-Reformation. Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam… Continue Reading...

Bin Laden Al Qaeda Financing Crime

of the book. For example, Naylor uses a false equivalency argument to claim the United States is targeting muslim charities with suspected ties to terrorist organizations like al Qaeda unfairly and should also be targeting Jewish, Hindu, and Christian charitable organizations for the same reasons. These types of arguments do Naylor’s credibility a disservice, ultimately showing why Chapter Seven is one of the weakest of Wages of Crime. Naylor admits only as much as al Qaeda depends on a diverse portfolio of financing, and that much of this financing does come from both state and non-state actors including Islamic… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

the developed world, the ethical and emotional disputes surrounding these systems have been considerable. Throughout the muslim community, the result has been just as fraught with religious and moral concerns, and also with a comparable loss of consensus. Fatwas (religious decrees)) on these modern day debates vary among the unique Islamic schools; these contemporary Islamic rulings in fact reflect local customs, countries and moral. Marcia Inhorn's (2010) analysis comparing the Shia and Sunni methods to gamete donation and sterility treatment in Lebanon and Egypt pointed to how various Islamic understandings of what's permitted impact government reproductive policies and practice… Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

From WWMT.com comes the news story of Western Michigan University Bronson School of Nursing receiving $2 million in grant money for scholarships to students who are from different cultural backgrounds so that a more diverse culture of student nurses can be achieved (VanTimmeren, 2017). As Bryan (2014) points out, culture is very important in this day and age because it informs people’s perspectives and values about what is good and bad regarding others in society. If people have a very narrow and poorly conceived viewpoint or perspective on other cultures, there is going to be tension in the field. To… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

The Trump Era travel ban has ruffled a lot of feathers. People suggest the travel ban goes against the rights of U.S. citizens, residents, and people on visa. President Donald Trump’s actions has led to fierce criticism on both the Republic and Democratic sides as well as bring about legal challenges. Many Americans agree that the temporary banning of refugees and immigration from specific countries is wrong. They agree because they feel it is not necessary in guaranteeing the safety of the United States. While the travel ban allows some Americans to feel safe during an age where terrorism dominates,… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

the travel ban, critics stand firm in asserting it is bad policy and can lead to anti- muslim mentality. “The Trump administration’s new travel ban, introduced Monday, remains bad policy, because it will continue to be perceived abroad as anti-muslim and increase hostility to the United States in much of the world…” (Schrag) muslim people are not responsible for the acts of terrorism seen throughout the world and should not be held responsible for the acts of a few extremist groups. To divide a country and a world by introducing legislature to outright ban certain countries makes it seem okay… Continue Reading...

Israeli-palestinian Conflict

20, and the remainder were from 39 other different countries, mostly muslim-majority (Jenkins, 2017). A study of documented jihadist ideology, featuring jihadists from around the world, highlighted three common features: idealistic commitment to a righteous cause, individualism in interpreting religion, and a conviction that Muslims today are engaged in defensive warfare, or jihad al-daf (Lahoud, 2010). Lahoud's (2010) study of jihadist ideology found that the most common arguments of jihadist are actually that the United States defends their own regimes – regimes that when they do not govern according to sharia are committing apostasy from Islam. Prior to the… Continue Reading...

Mongols History

made a target. The author appears to be of a muslim faith and repulsive of the lifestyle, culture, habits and deeds of these people from the East. It would appear from the reading of this text that Egypt and Syria were targets as well but the two countries escaped the terror by the mercies of God. The author writes in reference to his muslim faith that were it not that God had meant for the survivors to indeed survive he would also have been a victim of the terror. No ruler can save what God has marked for destruction, according… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

with precision. The Meccan army was routed and the Bedouin who watched their enemy fall to the muslim newcomers began from that point on to recognize Muhammad as the Prophet of Allah.[footnoteRef:10] The Muslims grew in number but they continued to be challenged by enemies and Muhammad led the Muslims in a number of contests among Arabian tribes, Jewish tribes and Christian tribes. Throughout it all, Muhammad impressed among those who followed Islam the importance of maintaining a disciplined spirit, and for that reason Seyyed Hossein Nasr states that “the love of the Prophet lies at the heart of… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Leadership Diversity in the Workplace

Being a job coach is an honor, a privilege, and even a necessity in today’s workplace environment. Based on evidence highlighting the effectiveness of coaching, more and more companies are “opting for team coaching as a more effective way to improve team capability and performance, while at the same time saving on costs,” (Stout-Rostron, 2016, p. 238). The friend in question should absolutely insert herself as a coach to help manage and leverage diversity in the organization and promote an organizational climate of inclusivity. In fact, someone with an international background is perfectly poised to guide organizational policy and practice… Continue Reading...

The Election Of 2016 Outcome and Evolution

politics accusing President Obama of not having been born in the United States and secretly practicing as a muslim. As noted by Marc J. Hetherington, there has been a strong anti-government, anti-politician undercurrent to all of American political discourse. Trump embodied this ethos, and even though it might seem contradictory that a poor, lower-class person whose economic interests might seem more aligned with Clinton’s policies would support a politician who vowed (for example) to abolish financial support for health insurance, support for Trump is consistent with the idealization of renegades who speak their minds, versus accomplished technocrats. In retrospect,… Continue Reading...

Colonial Conflict in Africa

subordinate courts have been set up, each concerned with a different system of law. In Kenya, again, both muslim courts and African tribunals exist, while there is also a Marriage and Divorce of Mohammedans Ordinance. In Zanzibar, by contrast, Islamic law virtually divides the field with local statute law, but provisions also exist for the application of customary law” (p. 437). In other words, the ethnic, social, cultural, political, and nationalistic identities that were being cultivated in the face of British colonial power in Africa were contrary to the expectations and aims of the British. The British were opposed… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practice Changes

give safe and effective care to patients independently of physican-assistance. References Jan, R. (1996). Rufaida Al-Asalmiya, the first muslim nurse. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 28(3), 267-268. Kourkouta, L. (1998). International History of Nursing Journal, 4(1), 32-34. LeFlore, J. L., & Thomas, P. E. (2016). Educational changes to support advanced practice nursing education. The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing, 30(3), 187-190. Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. (2002). Report to Congress: Medicare payment to advanced practice nurses and physician assistants. Washington, DC. O’Brien, J. (2003). How nurse practitioners obtained provider status: Lessons for pharmacists. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy, 60(22), 45-57. Continue Reading...

Immigration Essay

arrest illegals. However, another key action by Trump was not so well favored. The ‘ muslim Ban’ Trump signed as an executive order, restricted travel to and from six predominantly muslim countries (Newton, 2017). The targeted countries were Iran, Yemen, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, and Iran (Newton, 2017). Critics of the ban believed the move was unconstitutional and the courts eventually removed the ban. This was regarded by many in the government and media as the most extreme act of anti-immigration in American history. Although the Chinese Exclusion Act was roughly the same in limiting certain people from entering the country,… Continue Reading...

President Donald Trump Essay

Justices that would repeal the decision in Roe v. Wade; Trump’s promise to immediately stop muslim immigration; and Trump’s promise to repeal and replace Obamacare. In the immediate aftermath of his election, Trump walked-back his position on many of his campaign promises.  After meeting with President Obama, Trump praised parts of Obamacare and acknowledged that it would be far more complicated to repeal the law than he acknowledged while campaigning.  Although he did not abandon the idea of building a border wall, his staff acknowledged that it was unlikely to be a wall along the entire border.  However, Trump… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

as “radical Islamic terrorism.”  Radical Islamic Terrorism refers to terrorism by a group claiming to be muslim and stating that the terrorism is done in order to fulfill religious obligations or further political/religious goals.  Religious terrorism is nothing new and is not limited to people of the muslim faith.  In fact, the long history of political terrorism can often be traced to fundamental conflicts about religious beliefs.  However, radical Islamic terrorism has gained increased notoriety because, globally, it presents one of the largest sources of terrorist threats, even if it is still only responsible for a small portion of… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

and agency over their own bodies, or the fear mongering against muslim Americans, these issues and others lay bare the words of Dr. King: ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.’ Strides have been made; of that there can be no doubt.  But the seeds of inequality and injustice, no matter how seemingly benign, are corrosive and powerful – and are still scattered throughout our nation” (Rice, 2017). More Americans need to be aware of the words of Dr. King, of his insight and eloquence and to more actively embody the principles he discusses. The most lasting message… Continue Reading...

European Muslims in Germany in the Postwar Period

Germans” (Fetzer, 2000, p.72). This demonstrates how in many ways, muslim immigrants, with their stark cultural and religious distinctions, endured ore starker hostility from German nationals than other ethnic groups. Other researchers have found that aside from having an innate distrust of foreigners and innate opposition to standardized immigration policies within the nation, Germans tends to be at odds with integration as a whole. In other countries, immigration can actually help facilitate integration by helping to blue cultural boundaries and assist with unification. In Germany, researchers have not found this to be the case. “While contact between native Germans… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

radicalized version of the religion that differs, significantly, from what the average muslim believes.  For the average muslim, Jihad is not a violent concept and does not incorporate terrorism, and the Koran specifically prohibits almost all calls for violent Jihad.  In addition, Islam is an Abrahamic religion like Christianity and Judaism, and the Koran requires Muslims to respect Christians and Jews.  Radicalized Muslims, like radicalized members of other faiths, reject those concepts and use twist Islam to support their violence against others.  However, the root cause is not simply religion; religion is a tool manipulated by the leaders to… Continue Reading...

Literacy Rates Among Females in Developing Countries

however, the cultural differences are important to note. Myanmar is predominantly Buddhist.[footnoteRef:15] Iran is predominantly muslim. The country of Myanmar has a lower-middle range income economy; but according to the World Bank it has one of the fastest growing economies in all of Asia. Its fast growing economy would correlate with its high female literacy percentage; however, poverty rates are still high in the country and much of this is the result of a poor rural infrastructure, which is more similar in some regard to that of the Central African Republic than that of Iran or Cuba. Myanmar’s growth… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

meaningful role, let alone being heard. They are assigned a background role in this muslim world and the persistent stereotypes and judgments about the social practices form a single dimensional depiction of women that rarely reflects the real depth and variety. Some of the common depictions often refer to the freedom of dressing or lack of it, the burdensome role of wife and of mothers within the household and to other subtle issues like right to drive. However, this is just a figment of the reality in the society where people live different experiences occasioned by issues such as… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

The Representation of muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature: A Comparison Representations of women in Middle Eastern literature represent a means by which the appreciation, perspective and overall role of women and how they are viewed by society can be determined. While some argue that literature and actually lived daily life are separate, literature serves as a measuring stick by which one can ascertain a definitive viewpoint on what the experience of being a muslim woman is, and how such women are viewed. Literature… Continue Reading...

Boston Marathon Bombings

bombings were in retaliation for the American wars being prosecuted in muslim countries (Lonky, 2017). At trial in July 2013, the younger Tsarnaev brother was found guilty of all 30 charges filed against him, and the jury imposed the death penalty for six of the 17 capital charges against him (Lonky, 2017). At present, the younger brother is confined at the maximum-security federal penitentiary in Florence, Colorado which is popularly known as “the Alcatraz of the Rockies” under the most extreme solitary confinement procedures termed “Special Administrative Measures” while his automatic appeals are processed by the courts (Henry, 2018).… Continue Reading...

Social and Environmental Challenges Facing Megacities

were recently witnessed between Muslims and non-Muslims. These tensions resulted in the ban on muslim street prayers in 2011 and outlawing the burqa (Heyzer et al., 2016). Environmental Challenges Facing Megacities In addition to social challenges, overcrowding in megacities has also been a source of environmental challenges. Some of these environmental challenges have contributed to poor living conditions while others are by-products of the living standards and human activities in these cities. Air Pollution One of the major environmental problems facing megacities due to overcrowding is air pollution. Mass urbanization in these regions have contributed to increased industrial activities… Continue Reading...

Designer Brands in Egypt

retail and whether or not religious customs appear to be changing. Egypt is a predominantly muslim country with a somewhat strong level of Coptic Christian communities. For that reason, the government adopts a secular attitude towards religion, but the religious culture and climate has a strong tradition for dictating dress and merchandising approaches. Other than in Cairo, where events like Cairo Fashion Week (2018) are annually held to promote fashion designs that are international in terms of standards and style, most of the towns in Egypt adhere to the traditional styles of dress and business that are informed by the… Continue Reading...

Kublai Khan Improvements to the Chinese System and Ideals

Improvements to The Chinese System and Ideals Done by Kublai Khan Introduction Genghis Khan moved his troops into the quasi Chinese Chin-rule north China in 1211, and in 1215 they crushed the capital city. Hisson Ogodei vanquished all of North China by 1234 and ruled it from 1229 to 1241. Genghis Khan's grandson, Kublai Khan, vanquished the Chinese Southern Song in 1279, and out of the blue all of China was under foreign rule (Johnson, 2014). In 1271 Kublai Khan named his administration Yuan which signifies "origin of the universe." The Yuan tradition in China kept going from 1279 to… Continue Reading...

Syria’s Civil War and the Refugee Crisis

While so many concerned world leaders, politicians, and social services professionals have bemoaned the physical and materials consequences of the Syrian Civil War on displaced persons, there is an even greater issue at stake. This issue has largely been ignored by experts. This issue is the existential crises afflicting so many displaced people: the loss of identity. The bulk of this presentation explores the idea that if one’s present is suddenly put into a state of upheaval (as though the rug has been pulled out from under one) it can shift how solidly and lucidly one views one’s own identity.… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshis Cultural Practices and Traditions

culture is characterized by strong tradition of dance, music, and literature that incorporates classical muslim and Hindu music. Class system and social stratification in Bangladeshi culture is based on the muslim class system, which is akin to a caste structure. As a result, most of Bangladeshis view class based on rural or localized context. Reference Guhathakurta, M. & van Shendel, W. (2013). The Bangladesh reader: history, culture, politics. Durham and London: Duke University Press. Continue Reading...

Bangladesh Refugee Influx from Rohingya

Crisis Rakhine state is historically known to be the home of muslim population who in a large part identify as Rohinya. They have suffered legal and social discrimination and they have had historical long-standing tensions with the Buddhist Rakhine community. The violence, occasioned by inter-ethnic clashes, that was experienced in Myanmar’s Rakhine state since the August of 2017 has seen exponential number of refugees flee into Bangladesh, thereby getting exposed to terrible suffering and squalid living conditions in the refugee camps. According to the UN CERF, (2018), there were an estimated 1.2 million refugees hosted in Bangladesh which included the… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshi Culture in Both Pre and Post Partition

subcontinent during the 12th century, under the Turco-Afghans, a large muslim pocket was created in the Bengal region. In the year 1576, Bengal became a part of the vast and famous Mughal Empire. Only in the year 1757 was it integrated into British India (Cheema, 2013). The Muslims of British India remained politically and economically backward. But Bengal’s muslim population comprised a small community of aristocrats; a huge cluster of uneducated, poverty-ridden peasants; and a small though steadily increasing English-speaking bourgeois population. Bengal’s muslim upper-class contributed significantly to the nationwide freedom struggle alongside fellow muslim brethren, particularly after the… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh and Its Connection to the World

(Selim, 2014). By highlighting the nation’s political developments historically, Bangladesh’s muslim nationalism is revealed to be an alternative approach to the prior nationalism-secularism of Bengal (Hossain, 2012). Cultural aspects Identity – The nation’s culture, a product of centuries of amassing elements from Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Jainism, revolves symbolically around its 1971 independence struggle and incorporates citizens’ national identity. The central aspects of Bangladeshis’ identity during that era included a focus on the significance of Bangla, the people’s mother tongue, as well as the uniqueness of the lifestyle and culture associated with the region’s floodplains (Bangladesh, 2018). Bangla constitutes the… Continue Reading...

Two Sides to Every Story Kashmir Today

How Compellence by Indian and Pakistan has Prolonged the Kashmir Question Introduction The partition of British India into the two independent nations in August 1947 was intended to create coexisting, peaceful homelands for the Hindus and Sikhs in India and Moslems in Pakistan. Since that time, however, India and Pakistan have waged three shooting wars over the hotly disputed territories of Kashmir where each nation claims ownership. Today, an uneasy ceasefire exists along the line of control established following the first such war in 1963, but each side accuses the other of inciting new hostilities through armed provocative incursions into… Continue Reading...

Slumdog Millionaire Thoughts and Reflection

Slumdog Millionaire #1 Slumdog Millionaire, directed by Danny Boyle, addresses a range of complex social issues that are endemic to India as well as the greater global world. The film portrays the life and times of Jamal Malik an adolescent from Mumbai who originates from the slums who becomes a contestant on India’s version of the game show, “Who Wants to Be A Millionaire?” His performance on the game show is so excellent and flawless, people think he had to have been cheating or up to some sort of foul play. However, once under cross-examination, the filmmakers use a creative… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

who, like their Ottoman counterparts, tacitly permit diversity within their midst but only insofar as Turkish muslim hegemony characterizes power and authority. Essentially, Erdogan really is a natural extension of the Ottoman Empire. The hard work Ataturk exerted to help the fledgling republic find its footing in the modern world is not gone and forgotten, though. Through the leveraging of grassroots movements and social media, it is possible that the future of Turkey lays not in the hands of an authoritarian ruler but of the diverse people. The anti-muslim, anti-immigrant sentiments brewing in Europe and North America may fuel… Continue Reading...

Sociology Feminism and the Symbolism Of the Hejab

norms, and the Ayatollah/revolutionary approach created a national identity based on anti-Western and fundamentalist muslim norms. Theories and Concepts The author works within several related theoretical frameworks: namely feminism, post-colonialism, and critical theory. Related concepts include the differentiation between the public and private space, the construction of gender norms, oppression, and the failure of feminism to find a universal voice. Another core concept is symbolism and symbolic-interactionism: the way the hejab can represent identity, rebellion, and subversion depending on how it is deployed. Main Argument The hejab has become a symbol of the oppression of women outside of Iran,… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

current status. Table 1 Salient demographic and economic statistics for the UAE and Japan Statistic UAE Japan Population 9,701,315 126,168,156 Religions muslim (official) 76%, Christian 9%, other (primarily Hindu and Buddhist, less than 5% of the population consists of Parsi, Baha'i, Druze, Sikh, Ahmadi, Ismaili, Dawoodi Bohra muslim, and Jewish) 15% Shintoism 70.4%, Buddhism 69.8%, Christianity 1.5%, other 6.9%. Note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people practice both Shintoism and Buddhism Per capita GDP $68,600 $62,900 Life expectancy 79.7 years 85.5 years Unemployment rate 12.1% 5.1% Language(s) Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu Japanese Source: CIA world factbook (2019) at https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ As can be readily seen from the… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

citizen or not or whether the victim is a Jew or a muslim. The logic applied by Yerday (2018) was that an Israeli who is against a black person would also find a reason to stand against any other person depending on the circumstance1. Ethiopian Jews have found it quite difficult to become part of the Israeli society. The Israeli absorption ministry discussed the difficulty that Ethiopian Jews would have in the process of becoming integrated with other Jews. Some of the people serving in the Israeli government considered the Falashas as illiterate, sick, downtrodden, and primitive1. The doctoral… Continue Reading...

Defining the Term Morality

morality, as there can be different types of standards. There can be, for example, a Christian morality or a muslim morality or a Hindu morality or a Protestant morality or a Catholic morality or an atheistic morality or a philosophical morality. But who sets the standard? How is the standard affixed as the standard? The Internet definition of morality does not provide much in the way of explanation on this point. Morality is thus conceived as a process of adherence to a standard or rule of conduct that distinguishes right conduct from wrong conduct, but what about the morality… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Globalization

of some of the principals of democracy in the United States, and to overtly anti- muslim laws and regulations in France.   Another challenge of globalization, which is related to, but distinct from, the threat of economic vulnerability, is the threat of loss of cultural identity.  For many people and for many years, globalization was seen as being dependent upon taking a melting pot approach.  This has meant that members of minority cultures were expected to assimilate into larger cultures.  For many people, this led to loss of an underlying cultural identity.  This has not only impacted diversity, but also… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles

affects how males and females are to function in that culture. In muslim countries, for example, women are supposed to cover themselves and mostly stay within the home. Sexual selection is the means by which a certain organism distinguishes itself from others in order to mate. Sexual selection is a certain type of natural selection. It makes natural selection less natural because organisms of a particular species try to make themselves different from one another in order to make an impression on their mates. Rather, they are trying to impress potential mates with sexual selection. One of the best… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality in Arabia

a number of reasons responsible for this situation. Firstly, these countries are all predominantly muslim. Traditional gender roles (and stereotypes) largely exist in Islam and in countries which adhere to this faith as their national religion. Women are supposed to remain covered up in their raiment and relegated to domestic roles. The problem is that women account for approximately 50 percent of the population in the GCC countries, yet only constitute approximately 25 percent of the labor force in those countries (World Bank). Therefore, these countries are disadvantageously affected in certain aspects of economics and society because of the… Continue Reading...

Trump Versus Hawaii

part of the citizen thus most of them were for the muslim immigration ban. Implications under which Supreme Court is more likely to be dynamic (Dynamic Court View) The impact on the decision by the court needs to be seen for long term purposes. The court looks at the law and the current atmosphere in the country. The Trump vs Hawaii case was at the height of the immigration law case, where by there was a need to build Mexican border wall to fight the drug cartels. At the same time there was need to fight the terrorists who… Continue Reading...

Jerusalem Dome Of Rock

war between the Jewish community and much of the muslim community. This paper will describe why the Temple of Jerusalem and Dome of the Rock represent an Impossible Geography for the two religions and their people. The Dome of the Rock and the Second Temple are related because they both share the same foundation—the Foundation Stone is important to them both. The Second Temple was brought to the ground following the Jewish revolt against Rome in 70 AD. The foundation was never destroyed and at the end of the 7th century AD, the Dome of the Rock was completed… Continue Reading...