Native American Essays


Civil Rights and Religion

code may infringe on some religious beliefs and practices. • For example, two members of the native american Church who were fired from their jobs as drug counselors after using the illegal drug peyote in a religious ritual and were subsequently denied unemployment compensation by the state of Oregon and Justice Scalia wrote: "To permit this would be to make the professed doctrines of religious belief superior to the law of the land, and in effect to permit every citizen to become a law unto himself (Dorner, 2013)". • The balance between the church and state is continually being challenged… Continue Reading...

Argument Against Portuguese New World Involvement

Men Folly The work of Restall covers a lot of ground when it comes to classic literature. One of the approaches and treatments that is common in such literature is the concept of "great men." Of course, the topic is a bit silly and under-informed nowadays. This brief essay will cover why precisely this is the case and it will use Restall's work in Seven Myths as the main sources of analysis to make that case. While the use of "great men" in classic literature is to be expected and customary, an obvious modern case can and should be made… Continue Reading...

Sacagawea Discovery Of American Territories

terrain. Her contribution to the United States made Sacagawea become the monument in the American history. Sacagawea was the native american Shoshone tribe and grew up at the surrounding of the Rocky mountain near the Salmon River region now referred as Idaho. The objective of this essay is to illustrate the contribution of Sacagawea in the U.S. history during the era of Reconstruction.   Sacagawea Contribution in the Reconstruction Era of the U.S. history Sacagawea was 12 years old when the Hidatsa warriors raided and waged war against her tribe, and captured many young people. Sacagawea was among the… Continue Reading...

Indians Influence Founding Fathers

native american Influence on the Constitution The event or issue discussed in this document is the influence of Native Americans on the U.S. Constitution. There is a fairly lengthy history of research that contends that Native Americans actually played a considerable role in the founding of the U.S. Constitution. Moreover, there is also evidence that supports that certain members of the founding fathers were directly impacted by Native Americans. In fact, there are specific native american tribes and political representations of these tribes… Continue Reading...

The Things They Carried by Tim O’brien

talked about in the book goes by the name Kiowa.He is a native american, O'Brien's closest pal and arguably the most jovial soldier on the Alpha squad. Despite his many battles against the Viet Cong, he doesn't abhor any form of hate for them unlike his other companions. He tries to help the other soldiers in his company get rid of their hate as well and to be at peace with themselves. Sadly, Kiowa is killed when he gets buried in sewage. Kiowa's demise says it all about the pointless disasters of war. Kiowa dies without any form of… Continue Reading...

Native American Art in Southwest

Contrary to Leigh's "Visions of Yesterday," here the painter seems to ascribe to the "noble savage" stereotype of the native american. Robert Lindeaux's "The Trail of Tears" captures one of the most egregious acts in American history. As with Leigh's "Visions of Yesterday," Lindeaux seems to understand the emotional content of what he paints, and does not seem to be engaging in "othering." In this painting, Lindeaux actually performs the act of historical documentation. He paints the Trail of Tears to show viewers the extent of the displacement of people. Their whole lives were uprooted: their animals come with… Continue Reading...

Whigs Democrats and the Second Party System

19th century, the federalist/anti-federalist schism dominated political discourse in the United States. The so-called "first party system" became less relevant as increasing numbers of citizens became politically active, leading to a greater plurality of voices and opinions. Even then, political parties had not yet become fully formed. Most elections had candidates running independently. However, the anti-federalists had become the Democratic-Republicans and they emerged as a dominant presence in the controversial 1824 presidential election. When he was defeated in that election by John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson and his supporters started the Democratic Party as an opposition group. In response, John… Continue Reading...

Educational Plan for Improving Behavioural Health Amongst Older Adults

a whole has a population of approximately 673,000 people (51% males and 49% female; 90% white and 5% native american) as of 2010 (Molmen et al., 2013). The state is one of the least densely populated states in the U.S. Approximately 52% of the state's population resides in rural areas (areas with less than 50,000 people). More specifically, 29% live in rural areas with less than 10,000 people (Molmen et al., 2013). Rural areas in North Dakota are characterised by a higher incidence of poverty and lower health care coverage compared to urban areas and much of the rest… Continue Reading...

Contemporary Art 21st Century Asia

ironic. It is a Japanese painter who pierces through the Anglo-American misappropriation and exploitation of native american iconography and culture. The lithograph shows a white woman, brazenly holding up an assault rifle, the epitome of American arrogance and gun-toting sensibility. She also rides and horse and dons a Native headdress with a feather, even as she also wears a beaded bra and moccasin-style boots with tassels. Yamaguchi shows how it can take an outsider to expose the insider's exploitation of that which is labeled as "other." Chinese art throughout the late 20th and early 21st century has been more… Continue Reading...

Gerontology Aging and America

Older Americans Act (OAA) was first passed in 1965, alongside Medicare and Medicaid. Whereas Medicare and Medicaid offered extended insurance benefits through the federal government, the OAA established "the foundation for a system of services and supports that enables millions of older adults in this country to continue to live independently as they age," ("The Older Americans Act: Aging Well Since 1965," (The Older Americans Act: Aging Well Since 1965," n.d.). Along with its federal provisions, the OAA freed up grant money for the states to develop " community planning and social services, research and development projects, and training personnel… Continue Reading...

Chesapeake Middle Colonies Georgia and the Carolinas

British colonizers took a different approach as compared to Dutch and French settlers in America. The former actively pursued their apparent "God-given" power to carry out farming, fishing and hunting activities within Native Americans' lands and water resources. Chesapeake and Middle Colonies The region lying between the Chesapeake (i.e., Virginia and Maryland) and the New England colonies encompassed New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware (i.e., "middle colonies") which were formerly Dutch colonies. By the year 1670, the largely-Protestant migrant group from the Netherlands boasted the world's biggest mercantile fleet as well as the loftiest living standards. They were in… Continue Reading...

Women and Minorities in Leadership and Stem Annotated

Annotated Bibliography Byars-Winston, A., Estrada, Y., Howard, C., Davis, D., & Zalapa, J. (2010). Influence of social cognitive and ethnic variables on academic goals of underrepresented students in science and engineering: a multiple-groups analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(2), doi:10.1037/a0018608 • This article explores how both social cognitive and ethnic variables can play a part in determining the academic goals of people and groups that are "under-represented" within the academic sphere. The groups centered on this study include Africa-Americans, Latinos, Southeast Asians and Native Americans. There were 223 people in the study and the study itself was centered on what… Continue Reading...

Us Military Performance Against British in War Of 1812

United States Military Performance Against the British in the War of 1812 In June 1812, the U.S. declared a war against the British and their North American allies. The war, according to Smith, was motivated by America's quest to take control of Britain's North American territories, Britain's punitive trade policy, Britain's support for Native Americans, and the forced enrolment of American sailors into the British navy. As a young nation, the U.S. was eager to safeguard its newly acquired independence. Commonly known as the forgotten war (Hickey 1), the war had important lessons for the U.S. This paper briefly evaluates… Continue Reading...

Redskin Illegal or Racist

Redskin Trademark Facts Many sports teams use Indian logos and names as their moniker. One such team is the Washington Redskins. There are many people, both Indians and non-Indians, that say that the use of such logos is wrong and that the word "redskin" is racist. However, not all people (even including many Indians) agree on this matter (Cox et al., 2017). The issue to address is whether the trademark/patent and other offices have the right to impose a rule or guideline based on the presumption that "redskin" is racist. There is, of course, the question of whether there are… Continue Reading...

Why Music Matters and the History Of Slavery

.....music is important for "processes of personal and social integration," (1). This statement seems strange until we consider how music does affect our emotions, and also the way music plays a role in social settings. Therefore, music is more than just an abstract sonic art form. Music can serve symbolic roles, as in national anthems. Likewise, music can be used as a personal tool as when people wear headphones on the subway to create a sense of personal space and isolation. Music is also a social event, as when friends get together to form a band or when friends go… Continue Reading...

World and Native Music

is fascinating and complex, and arguably necessary for understanding indigenous culture. McAllester describes three different styles of native american music to provide the reader with an overview. The first style is the Sioux Grass Dance. The Sioux Grass Dance exemplifies the concept of music as a social event. Even if music is practiced alone sometimes, it usually has a social and cultural dimension. However, Ruggles makes sure to point out that Native North American music is not just about social gatherings but also a form of personal and/or spiritual expression. Another feature of the Sioux Grass Dance is that… Continue Reading...

American Corrections and Sentencing Trends

contribute to individuals' tendency of perpetrating crime. [19: Ibid] Conclusion African-American, Asian, Latino, and native american youngsters are, on several occasions, depicted as violence-spreaders, drug traffickers and individuals spiteful of things they aren't entitled to own. Young Latinas and African-American females are depicted as sexually immoral individuals who extensively propagate offspring and destitution. Deviancy and criminality are racialized. Therefore, monitoring efforts concentrate on non-white, migrant, jobless, homeless, and less educated communities (or more generally on population groups that possess a weakening claim to societal resources). This claim is constantly diminishing largely due to punitive measures' and law enforcement's increasing consumption of… Continue Reading...

Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, As Founding Fathers

As President of the United States, Washington helped to forge treaties and alliances with native american groups, which would later prove critical in helping strengthen the border with what would become Canada. Also, Washington helped to create a system of tariffs and taxes to help boost the federal government’s budget, and then later embarked on ambitious foreign policy initiatives that strengthened the United States vis-a-vis its more established countries in the Old World. For example, Washington encouraged John Jay to sign a peace treaty with Britain (“George Washington”). Franklin had been involved in local government in Philadelphia and as… Continue Reading...

Improving Health Care for Native Americans

cares for around 1.5 million out of the 4.1 million people who are identified as native american. The remainder are ineligible for care from the IHS because they are not members of federally recognized tribes. Many of the others are distant from IHS sites, as those sites are in areas with high concentrations of Native Americans, but those same services are unavailable outside of those areas. Katz (2004) notes that when the IHS was created, the majority of Native Americans lived on reservations but that today, a large percentage of the native american population lives in urban areas. With… Continue Reading...

How European Interactions Benefitted Indigenous Women

Indigenous societies existed in North America in the period between 1600s and 1800s. The roles and responsibilities of men and women during this period were clearly identified despite the hundreds of cultures that dominated indigenous societies. Despite the existence of separate cultures, indigenous men in North America were primarily responsible for hunting and warfare while women were mandated with the responsibility of handling the internal operations of the community. In this case, indigenous women were responsible for taking care of households and upbringing of their children. However, indigenous women in North America during this period were mostly considered as slaves… Continue Reading...

The Culture Of the Eastern Band Cherokee

Introduction The Cherokee Tribe in North Carolina is part of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, a federally-recognized independent native american Cherokee tribe whose home base is in Cherokee, North Carolina, south of the Smoky Mountains. The Eastern Band is comprised of the descendants of the approximately 800 Cherokee who did not join the Trail of Tears—the forced migration of the native american nations from the Southern U.S. region to the western U.S. region designated by the U.S. government as Indian Territory following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This relatively small number of Cherokee (compared to the 16,000… Continue Reading...

Crime and Punishment in the American Colonies

What crime existed in the colonies? How was this different or the same as in the lands from where colonists came? Although the early colonists clearly brought with them vestiges of their previous culture and country, living in the New World produced new social and economic factors that gave rise to new worldviews and also new forms of crime. But initially, there was relatively little crime. For many early colonists, religious cohesion, the lack of diversity within their society, and above all a desire for survival meant that crimes such as murder and robbery were scarce, particularly in Puritan New… Continue Reading...

California's Congressional Senators

Introduction California State (capital: Sacramento) is America’s third biggest state after Texas and Alaska, with a population of thirty-seven million according to 2010 statistics. The state boasts the nation’s largest economy, having made it first to the trillion-dollar gross state product milestone. By the year 2012, the state became the 9th largest global economy. Its several million acres of agricultural land makes California a largely rural state. It ranks as national leader in crop production. Further, California houses several world-famous national parks and cultural institutions such as Disneyland, Hollywood, Angel Island, Alcatraz, Golden Gate Bridge and Yosemite National Park. Its… Continue Reading...

The New Nation Jackson and Beyond

What were the challenges of starting a new government? Although in the United States today the American Revolution is considered a noble effort, in the view of Great Britain at the time of the revolt it was seen as treason or the greatest crime possible against a legitimate government. Beginning a new government in an era where the divine right of kings and heredity was the primary source of legitimacy for most monarchs was an undeniable challenge for the colonists. This was particularly the case in the colonies given the fact that the American Revolution had focused upon separating the… Continue Reading...

Slavery the Genocide Of Native Americans and Crime

wall and tried their best to mitigate the challenges posed by white settlers. native american leader Crazy Horse led his people, the Lakota, to victory in the Battle of Little Big Horn (Slide 29). Yet the problem of westward expansion could not be resolved in one battle. Ignorant yahoos and cowboys destroyed one of the greatest natural resources the west had: its buffalo, nearly driving them to extinction by shooting them from trains (Slide 30). As Native Americans depended on buffalo for their economic wellbeing, this type of behavior increased tensions. The Dawes Act and other blatantly racist legislative… Continue Reading...

Industry and Ideology in Germany

Nation, Industrialization and Ideology For the U.S., the idea of nationhood developed simultaneously with the rise of Industrialization. Industrialization enabled the concept of nationhood to be made possible. This concept in America was intertwined with the ideology of “Manifest Destiny” that was first promulgated by John L. O’Sullivan in 1845. Sullivan called it America’s “manifest design of Providence in regard to the occupation of this continent”[footnoteRef:2] and used this “manifest design” as justification for America to expand its borders as far as possible and assert its nationhood status even in the face of Native Americans who had claim to certain… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

Sees god in clouds, or hears Him in the wind.” These lines refer to the animistic nature of many native american worldviews, which do not believe in the anthropomorphic, authoritarian God of the Judeo-Christian bible but instead view nature as being the repository of spiritual wisdom and truth. While it seems initially that Pope buys into the colonialist mentality, reading this passage in the overall context of “An Essay on Man” shows that perhaps Pope actually sympathizes more with the native american outlook than with the European. “An Essay on Man” urges humility overall, on a perspective that does… Continue Reading...

Mount Rushmore

about its existence. Also, although I am not a native american, I will consider the claim of Native Americans upon the area seriously. Simply because the American government may have taken particular actions in its past does not necessarily mean I have to endorse them. So I will take the perspective of someone who is respectful of my country’s history but is also critical. I will also take an open mind to change, including constructing a monument to Native Americans in the area, to complement the symbolism of the presidents. The seizure of the lands was deemed unconstitutional by… Continue Reading...

Why Columbus Day Should Not Be Celebrated Essay

Introduction For decades, school children have been taught the misinformation that Christopher Columbus “discovered” America. As consciousness develops and society becomes more aware of the realities of history, it becomes less and less acceptable to celebrate false heroes like corrupt politicians, confederate generals and cruel explorers. Christopher Columbus fits the last category. A close examination of history demonstrates that he brought much despair and horrors to indigenous people near the Americas. The fact that The United States still has a day in his honor is bizarre and absurd. This essay will discuss the numerous compelling reasons why Columbus Day should… Continue Reading...

Disparities and Diabetes Among Latinos

Disparities and Diabetes among Latinos The whole world is experiencing diabetes-related health disparities, co-morbidities and its complications. There is a wide range of literature available showing that ethnic and race minorities are at a greater risk of developing diabetes compared to the majority groups. The disparities are a result of a combination of factors; they are both clinical and biological. They are also strongly associated with the system of health and factors related to social dynamics. The term ethnicity is a complex one. It reflects a convergence of multi-dimensional factors ranging from biological ones to geographically-influenced contributors. Other strong influencers… Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Manifest Destiny

Defined as “an aggressive program of expansion,” Manifest Destiny characterizes American national identity (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). Manifest Destiny refers to both a philosophy and a strategy: a means of crafting the notion of American exceptionalism as well as the methods used to construct American geo-political power. The geographic shape of the United States today owes itself to the principles and widespread embrace of Manifest Destiny, in which Washington laid claim to lands that had to be taken by force, from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 through to the acquisition of Texas and northern Mexico, to the takeover of Hawaii.… Continue Reading...

The Development Of Women Rights

the white women had the right to vote while the Asian, black and native american women did not (Tabb, 595). Later on, black women also publicly began the fight for their right to vote. In her speech during the American Equal Rights Association, Sojourner Truth argued that by giving black men the right to vote and denying black women the same rights implied that black men were dominate to their fellow black women. In fact, it literally made the black men masters over their black women which ultimately made the situation of black women equally worse as before (Pankhurst,… Continue Reading...

We Shall Remain Geronimo

We Shall Remain: Geronimo 1 The murder of Geronimo’s mother, young wife and three children turned him into a fighter: he hated the Mexicans after this attack and would attack any group of Mexicans that he encountered thereafter. He demonstrated great bravery. Following the murder of his family, he was part of the band of Apache sent to take revenge for the slaughter. The Mexican soldiers were firing at the attacking Apache, but Geronimo did not even flinch—it was as though he were possessed with an internal fury. As he assaulted them one by one with his knife, legend has… Continue Reading...

The Character Of the Oklahomans

Oklahomans Oklahoma has only been a state in the U.S. since 1907, yet Oklahomans were around well before then. Oklahoma is known as the “sooner” state because settlers had arrived in the territory before it had even been declared part of the United States. In the first half of the 19th century, the region was part of Arkansas Territory. The Native Americans were forced on the Trail of Tears and made to settle in Indian Territory in modern-day Oklahoma. In the latter half of the 19th century, cattle ranchers from Texas drove their cattle through Indian Territory to states up… Continue Reading...

Ethics and the Marketing Environment

Unlike some professions, there is no ethical code for marketing professionals. But that does not mean that marketers can ignore the impact their powerful message has on others. In recent years, marketers have been criticized for making unhealthy pastimes attractive (such as eating fast food and smoking cigarettes) as well as marketing to vulnerable populations such as adolescents and children who cannot distinguish advertising from information. On one hand, in a free society, marketers have relatively free rein in terms of what they can transmit, so long as they do not outright lie. On the other hand, there have been… Continue Reading...

Seinfeld Episode Native American

The Seinfeld “ native american” scene from Season 5, Episode 10 illustrates several sociological concepts. Like most episodes of Seinfeld, this one highlights Erving Goffman’s (1956) concept of embarrassment and social organization, as well as Goffman’s (1959) analysis of self-presentation and dramaturgy. In this scene, Jerry buys Elaine a “Cigar Store Indian,” a “kitchy” and darkly humorous relic from the past, from a time in which sensitivity to diversity, cross-cultural awareness, and political correctness were not yet normative. A “Cigar Store Indian” is… Continue Reading...

Preventing and Abolishing Elder Abuse a Systematic Research Proposal

in the community. Using the CBPR approach, the Family Care Conference (FCC) was developed in a northwestern native american community” (Dong, 2015). By building strong resources within the community, such as elderly centers and community centers, no one person feels burdened by taking on the entire responsibilities of the community. This creates fortitude and resilient communities that can only become strong with time. Research Question and Hypothesis The research question seeks to determine what the best multi-disciplinary approach towards creating interventions and preventative strategies actually is for families and communities? This would be with the intent of disrupting elder… Continue Reading...

Natalie Merchant Gold Rush Brides History

the homestead wives? Who were the gold rush brides?”) just as native american stories and whole cultures were being obliterated, driven by nothing but a “lust for gold.” In fact, Merchant makes the connection between women and Native Americans even more direct in the line, “Dakota on the wall is a white-robed woman.” As Foner discusses the start of the gold rush in the Dakotas, Merchant mentions this lesser-known start of the gilded age and the zeitgeist of westward expansion. People were displaced, and lands reclaimed much in the way Eric Foner describes in his historical account of the… Continue Reading...

How Native Americans Shaped Modern American Identity

20th centuries was the direct result of the influences of native american tribes. Moreover, native american tribes were also responsible for influenci8ng the Founding Fathers’ views about liberty and pluralism in ways that directly contributed to the contents of the U.S. Constitution. Indeed, some authorities suggest that the Iroquois tribe provided Benjamin Franklin with the notion of a democratic republic for the burgeoning American colonies. For instance, Loewen reports that, “Indeed, native american ideas may be responsible for our democratic institutions. In the 1740s the Iroquois wearied of dealing with several often bickering English colonies and suggested the colonies… Continue Reading...

State Vs Federal Crime

Federal vs. State Crime While some crimes are deemed to be state crimes, others are considered to be federal crimes. In essence, a vast majority of crimes are heard and determined in state courts as they happen to be state crimes. In seeking to distinguish between federal and state jurisdiction in prosecutions of a criminal nature, and in reference to crimes against persons, this text will concern itself with kidnapping. Kidnapping, in basic terms, has got to do with the illegitimate or illegal restraint/imprisonment and transfer of an individual from a specified place to another against his or her will… Continue Reading...

Why America Sought Independence

Book Review: Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia Author’s Thesis Holton’s (1999) book Forced Founders: Indians, Debtors, Slaves, and the Making of the American Revolution in Virginia makes the case that the Founding Fathers of the U.S.A. were not really motivated by the laundry list of grievances identified in the Declaration of Independence. Rather, their individual experiences in the country taught them that, on a practical level, it would be easier for them to obtain what they wanted by operating independently of the England than through England. The main argument that Holton… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Poverty

in poverty are African American, and 16% are Hispanic. 22% are native american and another 13% are of mixed racial heritage, and 9% are Asian American. The white population is the least likely demographic to be found in poverty. This indicates an unhealthy and racist atmosphere in America, where white privilege is a real concept and non-whites suffer from an oppressive system that goes all the way back to the days of slavery and the racist mentality that allowed the founders of the country to promote themselves as the chosen people and everyone else as their slaves. This mentality… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

The Civil War was one of the most defining events in the nation’s history, and at the time was the most important event since the American Revolution. Whereas the Revolution embodied the ideals, values, and principles of the new nation, setting it apart from the British Crown and forever altering the geopolitical landscape, the Civil War revealed the persistent hypocrisy that continues to plague American society. Unresolved conflicts left brewing in the American psyche led to built-up tensions, exposing fissures in the society along the lines of culture, ethnicity, religion, race, gender, and socioeconomic class. The causes of the Civil… Continue Reading...

Chronic Kidney Disease

Background According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (2018), chronic kidney disease is one program that Environmental Health and Safety professionals are examining more closely to better understand how environment factors into the onset of the disease. Chronic kidney disease is characterized as the failure of the kidneys to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood (Mayo Clinic, 2018). Without the efficient use of the kidneys, the body’s stability and health are threatened. Heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and anemia are all possible outcomes that an individual may experience as a result of kidney failure. As there are… Continue Reading...

Social Media and Fake Newa

full video of the Covington Catholic boys being approached by the native american and being harassed by the Black Israelites, we would not have had the complete story and the evidence that exonerates them of all name-calling and vilifying that they have endured since the mainstream media broke this “fake news” a few days ago. At the same time, social media can be used to spread lies, errors, hate, and calumny—and that is one of the big downfalls that we have to face. We have to remember, however, that we are dealing ultimately with failings in human nature—failings that… Continue Reading...

How to Treat Kidney Failure

Chronic Kidney Disease Chronic kidney disease commonly develops alongside diabetes and/or high blood pressures. Patients who suffer from either are at risk of also developing chronic kidney disease. This is because high blood sugar can cause damage to the kidneys in the same way that a car exposed to wintery weather conditions is impacted by the salt that the city will dump on the road to control for ice. The car will be ruined if not properly cleaned and maintained—and the same goes for the body’s kidneys. To prevent chronic kidney disease the patient must first address the issues of… Continue Reading...

Nursing Burnout Issue at a Facility

diet changes. Patients in this facility do not believe that health or illness is divinely sent. Most Hispanic and native american patients tend to be hesitant to sign advance directives and DNR due to their spiritual beliefs. The patient that are diabetic are place on diabetic diet to manage their diabetes. Patient with cardiac issue are place on cardiac diet and patient on dialysis and also have congestive heart failure are on fluid restriction. These are all health promotion methods to improve health of patient. This facility is not a male dominance facility. They have both male and female patients.… Continue Reading...

Mental Health Problems

Hartmann and Gone (2016) point out, one population that is in dire need of mental health counseling is the native american population, as this population has one of the highest rates of depression and suicide of any group in the U.S. Education needed for the job is a Master’s degree to practice independently with 2000 to 4000 hours of supervised training under a certified professional required for credentialing. Continuing education is needed to maintain one’s professional certificate. The professional has to continue to study on new developments in the field so that best practices can be incorporated into treatment… Continue Reading...

The Authoritarian Regime and Animal Farm

Analyzing Animal Farm An authoritarian regime is defined as a form of government controlled by one individual or a small group of people who are able to wield control over the state (Authoritarian Regimes, n.d.)—i.e., over the “bundle of specialized political institutions serving as the primary authority over a particular territory and the people who live there” (Origins and Transformations of the State, n.d.). The authoritarian regime may have present a constitution—a set of rules or laws—to the people, but the regime is not held accountable to the same rules or laws and is not responsible for adhering to the… Continue Reading...