Philosophy Essays


Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

human and fair society. Therefore, theology itself cannot commence with a conventional philosophy-grounded model of the present circumstances', with successive 'pastoral' applications. The distress linked to the situation generated the additional understanding that a theoretical assessment can never, in fact, be separate from the debasing scenario (Gutierrez 1988). An 'idealist' philosophical approach had to make way for a systematic model of observing, collating, theorizing and hypothesis testing, all of which had to be conducted in liberative, humanizing change's interests. This assumed the shape of the social scientific model's application, particularly that of Marx's sociological examination of class-based fights for… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

from leading a good life. The basic aim is to lead a life dedicated to pursuing philosophy and consequently leading to a better life. The secondary objective is to live life among others which necessitates adopting the ethical values.   Conclusion Ethics and Virtue in Modern Settings The impressive aspect of virtue ethics is based on practicality and simplicity. It isn't merely a solution to the moral concerns of individuals, but can be expanded to other domains including market economics. Mutually beneficial exchanges happen on the market. Based on supposition that the said telos on the market is mutually… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

Chevron did not. References Background Information Dunn, & Burton. (2016). Britannica.com. Ethics of care - ethics and philosophy - Britannica.com. Retrieved August 18, 2016, from http://www.britannica.com/topic/ethics-of-care (n.d.). Ethics. Virtue Ethics. Retrieved August 18, 2016, from http://www.ethicsmorals.com/ethicsvirtue.html Hartman. (2008). Ethical Decision-Making: Employer Responsibilities and Employee Rights. Business Ethics: Decision-Making for Personal Integrity and Social Responsibility. Mcgraw-Hill. Retrieved from http://www.mhlearningsolutions.com/columbia_southern/0078134536/ch6.PDF Hynes, R. (2011). Top 10 Lists - Listverse. Top 10 Unethical Business Actions - Listverse. Retrieved August 19, 2016, from http://listverse.com/2011/09/13/top-10-unethical-business-actions/ Rawls, J. (1971). A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (n.d.). Study.com - Take Online Courses. Earn College Credit. Research Schools,… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

a scientific perspective. They stressed determinism to be the basis and philosophy behind crime as opposed to Free Will. Numerous Positivists held the view that crime had a genetic element. However, there were those that held the view that the environment played a role in determining whether one would become a criminal or not. Criminology Theory Looks at Homicide There was revamped interest in violence as a subculture when two researchers named Ferracuti and Wolfgang conducted a joint research in Puerto Rico. The theory tries to point out the origin of violence. It is a close and thorough cross… Continue Reading...

The Workplace and Corporate Culture Of Honeywell

to a minimum while maximizing revenue for the company. It worked for Goldman, and the same philosophy is at the heart of Honeywell. Honeywell is engaged in a completely different line of business -- one that produces innovative technological solutions for sustainable environments. Part of Honeywell's leadership strategy is to reduce problems by emphasizing this same kind of attention to detail, however; and by doing so, workers can prevent mishaps and missteps from occurring. This is a beneficial practice for stakeholders all the way across the board -- whether consumers, workers, managers, or community members. Attention to detail within… Continue Reading...

Lecture Xx by William James

knots remain uncut, or have them cut by active faith" (489). However he also mentions conflicts between science and philosophy that makes it an impossible task to decide: "Not only are the other sciences and the philosophy still farr from being completed, but in their present state, we find them full of conflicts. The sciences of nature know nothing of spiritual presences and on the whole hold no practical commerce whatever with the idealistic conceptions towards which general philosophy inclines" (490). James rejects both ways of overcoming pessimism. James rejects both belief in the world of the scientist and… Continue Reading...

Ethical Responses to Nsw Case Scenarios

feedback mechanisms to the teaching staffs. References (n.d.). Eduflow - This site is dedicated to education, philosophy, spirituality, leadership, management, social commentary and self-actualization. Disagreeing with the Principal - eduflow. Retrieved September 22, 2016, from http://eduflow.wordpress.com/2014/09/21/disagreeing-with-the-principal/ (n.d.). Home - American School Counselor Association (ASCA). Personal Judgment in Reporting Abuse - American School Counselor Association (ASCA). Retrieved September 22, 2016, from http://www.schoolcounselor.org/magazine/blogs/july-august-2006/personal-judgment-in-reporting-abuse (n.d.). Home - Education Directorate. TEACHERS' CODE OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE. Retrieved September 22, 2016, from http://www.education.act.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/17692/TeachersCode_ofProfessionalPractice.pdf Walsh, K., Farrell, A., & Schweitzer, R. (2005). Academia.edu - Share research. Critical factors in teachers' detecting and reporting child abuse and neglect: Implications… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

Hewlett-Packard, 2016). Management by objectives is a primary principle of HP's philosophy. This concept has now grown into an extensively adopted system for performance appraisal. In the assessment of an organization's workforce, data is utilized for identifying promotion-worthy employees and for identifying areas of internal personnel relations. An effectively-designed system offers a summary of HR shortcomings and fortes for supporting this aim. Activity 2: Management of Physical Resources HP's objectives against the physical resources needed Objective Physical Resources Required Profit: Attaining maximum possible levels of profit. • Land, structures, water resource and the right to use it • Production… Continue Reading...

Use Of Self Images in Baroque Art

melancholic philosopher's guise, the painter indicates the likeness between philosophy and painting, making himself Ricciardi's mirror image.[footnoteRef:13] [13: Bohn, Babette, and James M. Saslow. A companion to Renaissance and Baroque art. Vol. 29. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.] The Met Museum's painting of Rosa inscribing something on what looks like a human skull has historically been regarded as his self-portrait. The man in the painting wears a brooding expression and has dark, strong features, resembling Rosa. The morose Rosa is known for being a satiric poet and a cynic, who painted landscapes, very original allegories and religious subjects. The… Continue Reading...

Leaders Direction for Organization During Change

structure, the following will be looked at periodically: • Operating model: this shall define the organization's operating philosophy as well as structure. • Performance management: involves risk management, metrics development, and cost/savings tracking. • Supply chain business processes: defines the structure of the organization's procurement process. • Change management: details how employees will be trained, stakeholders managed and how role transition is handled. • Value acceleration: identify and act on opportunities in the short-term that help save costs (Halm, 2014). Step 3: Aggressively Transition to the New Organization Structure New job descriptions and positions will be launched for the entire… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

issues such as same-sex marriage attest to this. Works Cited Badger, Phil. What's wrong with the Enlightenment? philosophy Now, 2010. Web. 9 September 2016. Bunnin, Nicholas and Jiyuan Yu. The Blackwell dictionary of Western philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2004. Print. Gray, John. Enlightenment's wake: politics and culture of the modern age. New York: Routledge, 1995. Print Horkheimer, Max and Theodor W. Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment, trans John Cumming. London: Verso, 1997. Print. MacIntyre, Alasdair. After virtue: a study in moral theory. 3rd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2007. Print. Rasmussen, Dennis C. Contemporary political theory as an anti-Enlightenment project. Brown University, n.d. Web.… Continue Reading...

Criminal Process from Arraignment to Pre Trial

it. Plea bargains are also done at this stage (Tanner et al., 2007; American Bar Association, 2007). U.S. Supreme Court's philosophy on the Criminal Process The philosophy of the U.S. Supreme Court on the rights of the defendant dates back to the time of Earl Warren as the Chief Justice. At the time, the supreme court of the United States was referred to as the Warren Court, which is a common practice in various judicial systems to refer to the country's judicial system with the name of the chief justice. At the time, from 1953 to 1969 -- the time… Continue Reading...

Change Management

a methodical developmental strategy, and ought to incorporate key corporate parameters such as the individuals, corporate philosophy, structure, competences, business models, operational processes, and services/products, which focus on long- as well as short-term development. This way, change-related routine activities and attitudes get organically and thoroughly entrenched in the company's culture (Live, 2016). Mintzburg and Huy (2003) describe institutional change as an endless phenomenon characterized by a sudden or methodical dynamic rhythm, whether forced upon the organization or cultivating rebuilding (i.e., organic). No one method exists that would work for all circumstances, and all executives must be daring and identify… Continue Reading...

Liberal and Conservative Beliefs Of Justices

sentiment in public that way. Thus the liberal/leftist label is most likely correct. Her philosophy on the constitutional issues ranges, however, from federalist to anti-federalist positions, so the label is only effective to a certain degree (Supreme Court Biographies, 2015). ASHFORD 4: - WEEK 3 - DISCUSSION 2 One right for the accused is the right to obtain counsel and this is the most significant safeguard for criminal defendants because it allows them the opportunity to get help with their case and be properly represented. Gideon v. Wainwright and Argersinger v. Hamlin are two cases that ruled on this… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

of theology, as his father desired; however, subsequently, he shifted to the field of philosophy. While his education did influence his thoughts, inspiration for his written works actually came from two relationships (with Michael Kierkegaard (Soren's dad) and a failed engagement (to Regine Olsen) as well as two battles (one with the Church and the other with the print media, particularly Corsaren (The Corsair)). His health started failing and Soren died on 11th November, 1855, at the age of 42 (Obinyan, 2014). An analysis of the philosopher's life is incomplete without a mention of his father who had a… Continue Reading...

History Of Government Intervention in Tobacco Markets

Making Tobacco Bright. Johns Hopkin University Press: Baltimore. Herzog, L. (2013) Markets. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved October 17, 2016 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/markets/#Jusmar McCord, E. (2014) Tobacco farmers lose longtime safety net. NPR. Retrieved October 17, 2016 from http://www.npr.org/2014/10/24/357947259/tobacco-farmers-lose-longtime-safety-net Perucic, A. (2012). The demand for cigarettes and other tobacco products. World Health Organization. Retrieved October 17, 2016 from http://www.who.int/tobacco/economics/meetings/dublin_demand_for_tob_feb2012.pdf Continue Reading...

A Students Guide to Liberal Learning by Schall

text, the author points out some of the serious books like "Seven Books About Universities," "Five Classic Texts on philosophy" and also "Five Books on Thomas Aquinas."The final phase of the three-pronged solution is the need for authority or guidance. The author is propositioning instigation into a wisdom custom, not simply an intelligent great dialogue. This point toward a preceding verdict of the worth of particular books, which is an authority. However, this is not sufficient as in a number of Great Books programs, to be presented into the great discussion regarding what is factual or whether the truth… Continue Reading...

Social Responsibility and Ethics in Corporations

leader of a marketing department can come into conflict with an individual's ethical philosophy. The core factors the author identifies for solving ethical dilemmas within specific workplace organizations like General Mills include personal moral philosophy, organizational relationship building, and maximizing opportunities. These are three of the top organizational strategies substantiated by empirical research in the field of marketing ethics, too. For example, Marinova's (2013) astute analysis of the causes of and solutions to common marketing mistakes are reflected in the research by Ferrell & Ferrell (2016), whose research focuses particularly on corporate social responsibility in marketing channels and supply… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Nigerian Writers in English

and social class systems. Such contact, owing to a historical accident, exposed foreign cultural values, beliefs, taste and philosophy to them. The outcome of such exposure was: absorption of many Western concepts by colonialized Nigerian people. Undoubtedly, the learned Africans of the colonial era considered the Whites as examples of civilization, as well as contemporary existence's leaders. To the colonized mind of Nigerians, English literature would then denote the standard, which would accord 'eternal value' to all kinds of literary works. At this juncture in the paper, one should bear in mind the fact that English literary works were… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Aristotle and Plato

the ten categories and the significance of substance. The relevant text in question will be Classics of philosophy as authored by Pojman and Vaughn. While there are some strong similarities between the works and authors cited above, there are also some distinct differences between them. When it comes to the Divided Line, Plato is writing out a dialog that occurs between Glaucon and Socrates. It is important to note that this work immediately follows the Analogy of the Sun and the Analogy of the Cave immediately follows this work. The main point and thrust of the work is that… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

oak tree (Thomson, 1971). Don Marquis' "Why Abortion is Immoral" Recent literature in philosophy has not supported the view that abortion is largely immoral. Notably, philosophers aligned to secular higher learning institutions think that opponents of abortion are merely irrational and detached from the realities of the time. They think that such people are showing symptoms of religious dogma that is irrational. They may also be victims of misleading sloppy sided philosophical arguments. Serious writers on the topic are of the view that the issue of whether it is right or wrong to carry out abortion is dependent on whether it… Continue Reading...

East Asian History Questions

Zhi Xi's eyes, reflecting a moral and doctrinal hierarchy that is essentially compatible with the underlying Confucian philosophy, cosmology, and worldview. Zhu Xi, for example, harbored a strong belief in an inherited line of succession, as if the waterfall of heavenly knowledge could be transmitted directly through specific individuals not unlike the western prophetic traditions. For example, the daotong could be traced directly from Confucius onto Mencius. These sort of mystical underpinnings of Zhu Xi's teachings contradict somewhat the rational and logical spirit conveyed through his work. Zhu Xi affirmed a hierarchy also of Confucian texts, codified later into… Continue Reading...

Marx, Weber, Bourdieu, and Gramsci

is the group with the most relevant political message. Pierre Bourdieu locates cultural power in education -- the arts, philosophy, literature, specifically: the arts have the power to inform and to segregate at an intellectual level; thus, the arts are where cultural power resides. Bourdieu states that the struggle for power "which opposes the intellectuals of the restricted field to the 'bourgeois'...[and] between the consecrated avant-garde and the new avant-garde' (Bourdieu "Principles for a Sociology of Cultural Works" 187). In other words, those who advance a particular artistic front are the ones who gain cultural power, since those who view… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

contributed to films, literature, and theories such as feminism, psychology, philosophy and criticism. Freud is also known for theories such as unconscious mind, specifically those revolving around repression mechanism. He redefined sexual desire as mobile and believed that it is directed towards a wide variety of objects. His therapeutic techniques improved the understanding of transference in therapeutic relationship. The technique presumed that human beings are able to gain insight into the unconscious desires through dreams. Freud's psychoanalysis had an objective of bringing the repressed feelings and thoughts to consciousness. Freud's successors including his daughter Anna Freud postulated that the… Continue Reading...

Developing, Managing, and Operating a Retail Business

well as important financial dimensions for the business. Also, the paper provides a name, mission, and philosophy for the business, a description of hours of operation, and a plan for cultivating an inviting store atmosphere. Strategies for Targeting Customers and Information Gathering The importance of targeting customers and gathering information about the target market cannot be overemphasised. It is crucial for understanding customer behaviour, how to best serve the target market, whether a market exists for offering(s) in question, as well as how to effectively communicate with the target audience (Mathur, 2010). In the retail industry, targeting customers may… Continue Reading...

Marriott Internationals Management Style

history of the organisation. The transition was quite seamless. With a people-oriented philosophy, Bill invested a great deal of time and effort in preparing the organisation for the new CEO. Sorenson joined the organisation over two decades ago after being handpicked by Bill himself. He quickly rose through the ranks and was appointed to the position of president after a few years, and became CEO in 2012. The transition happened easily as everyone in the organisation had an opportunity to think about it for a few years (Evans, 2016). Though Sorenson became CEO in 2012, the process of grooming him… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

or weak. The engineer is often placed in precarious positions with regard to honoring his or her ethical philosophy versus the moral codes -- looser or stricter -- of the host nation. In addition to rules and regulations governing engineering practices and materials, the engineer may face other ethical dilemmas regarding norms of behavior, organizational culture, and the workplace environment. Gender norms may be one of the most glaring differences in some situations; whereas norms related to deference to authority may be another difference that engineers face when they work internationally. Respect for local culture and traditions can be… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Positive Psychology Trends

Blending empirical evidence with a variety of theories and practices from Eastern philosophy, practices like mindfulness meditation have become central to positive psychology. Positive psychology is also far from being monolithic; it is a diverse area of theory and practice that is flexible and can incorporate a number of different issues and concerns. A body of evidence-based practice is being cultivated in the field of positive psychology. Positive psychology has applications in fields as diverse as sociology and business, where individuals can use the core tools and tenets of positive psychology to improve performance and outcomes. Positive psychology also… Continue Reading...

Role Of Confucianism in Art in China

of the universe and the human position within that universe. Confucian philosophy remained eminently concerned with structure, order, and hierarchy. Moral rectitude depended on ascription to the natural order of the universe. The literary record overtly records Confucian values, as in poetry and storytelling as well as the bureaucratic records kept throughout the centuries. However, Chinese art also shows how important Confucian moral virtues were to artistic expression too. Artists in many different time periods incorporated Confucian moral precepts and in particular the concept of hierarchy and order into their paintings. Moreover, artists showed how important Buddhism and Daoism… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

poets tried to help by showing that unity reflected the cosmic order. philosophy and Religion The mid 16th century Le Dynasty showed that Buddhism was not important officially but was important informally, as when drought conditions inspired Buddhist ritual for rain. Le Thai Tong decided to adopt the Ming rituals and music for Vietnamese court, and that style of ritual and music persists today The Temple of Literature was established, under guidance of Than Phu Tien, to create a continuity of thought in the Confucian tradition Many of the rituals continued until 20th century, highlighting the centrality of ritual to… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

to liken shopping to freedom, forging the relationship that this philosophy helped the retailer expand to mammoth proportions unchecked. The book is intriguingly-timed; the author, by consistently calling big businesses "immortal super-citizens," especially emphasizes the political authority enjoyed by Walmart and other multinationals. Moreton hypothesizes that the retailer expanded to its current position owing to its ability to ride the "conservative economic policy" wave in its expansion endeavors and employ the "Christian enterprise" concept to hire people who perceived economic service to be their calling. Of late, the company has witnessed much negative media scrutiny with the U.S. Supreme… Continue Reading...

Strategic Importance Of Outsourcing in U.s. Manufacturing Company

of their R&D to the external service provider and retain only 10%. A change in the business philosophy has to yield positive benefits for firms. Dyer and Hatch claim that Toyota has been able to record 14% output and more than 50% few defects by outsourcing part of their business activities. "Toyota is not alone. More and more, companies are recognizing the competitive advantage that springs from the manner in which they work with their partners. Even powerful Microsoft Corp. has to rely on companies around the world to localize and translate its products in markets as diverse as… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and the Canadian Political System

a Greek philosopher who is considered as one of the most influential ancient intellectuals in philosophy and political theory. Aristotle's work in political theory was fueled by his travels and encounters of different political systems. This contributed to his focus on comparative politics, through which he advocated and critiqued the different political systems at that time. According to Aristotle, the defining feature of oligarchy is that sovereign power is in the hands of few individuals. In this kind of political system, the Constitution vests sovereign authority in the hands of a few who essentially have control over the country.… Continue Reading...

Death and Faith from Existentialist Point Of View

order to understand the underlying concepts of faith with respect to philosophy, first it is important to understand 'philosophy' adequately. Jaspers was concerned about noting the originality and singularity of philosophy and he frames it as "to elucidate" (erhellen). As per Jaspers, this clarification or elucidation does not come to philosophers through an external agent but it happens by itself during the philosophical process and this happening is an innermost act. (Wildermuth, 2007). Philosophers understand the meaning and philosophy behind actions and things as they seek to explore hitherto mysterious, unexplained happenings and phenomenon. However, only a few philosophers… Continue Reading...

Cruelty and Intolerable Acts

with other things esteemed as lower than human beings are. References Berreby, D. (2011). A philosophy of genocide's roots. www.nytimes.com Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/06/books/review/Berreby-t.html?_r=0 NPR. (2011). 'Less Than Human' The psychology of cruelty. www.npr.com Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/03/29/134956180/criminals-see-their-victims-as-less-than-human Smith, D. L. (2011). Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2012 University of New England. (2011). www.une.edu Retrieved from http://www.une.edu/news/2011/une-philosopher-david-livingstone-smith-discusses-his-new-book-less-human-nprs-talk-nation Continue Reading...

The Morality Of Punishment for Actions

to Hobbes (2010), the justification for punishment is based on the following theories of philosophy: incapacitation, rehabilitation, retribution, restoration and/or deterrence. Oleson and Mackinnon (2015) believe that retribution punishes someone for committing a crime because doing so is morally upright. Retributivism believes that it is the society's moral duty to punish a criminal. Incapacitation involves enforcing various means of physical restraints to reduce the ability or capacity of an offender to commit a crime. According to Hobbes (2010), the imprisonment condition may be so unbearable that the offender would be discouraged to misbehave or commit a crime, but this… Continue Reading...

Death and Meaning Of Life in Tuesdays with Morrie

no matter how much of them you have," (p. 36). Ultimately, Morrie's philosophy about the meaning of life is summarized in his statement, "Devote yourself to loving others, devote yourself to your community around you, and devote yourself to creating something that gives you purpose and meaning," (p. 37). That sense of purpose and meaning will be different for each person, but generally it will involve doing things that are for other people, with other people, or in any way promoting genuine happiness and wellbeing. Mitch's interaction with Morrie is transformative. Probably the most important thing that Mitch learns… Continue Reading...

Diversity and Cultural Assessment

and build and empower individuals versus directing them and having subordinates obey. It is comprised of an enriching philosophy that helps build better organizations in a moral and compassionate manner. In conclusion, global leadership is a difficult task for any leader. Awareness of ethical and cultural differences can only be made when one sees and understands the need for diversity in the workplace. Cultures are different and respond differently to certain styles. The best leadership model for a global setting is the servant leadership model. This is because it promotes sound ethical leadership behavior and enables a leader to… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

needed revitalizing. This is when Neo-Confucianism came into being in Japan. This was a philosophy that made definitive answers to questions about the nature of the world and the role of the individual in society. It resolved questions such as whether reality actually existed -- according to Confucianism, it did -- and strongly appealed to the samurai in Japan. Zhu Xi was responsible for bringing Neo-Confucianism to Japan. He was Chinese and lived during the 12th century AD. Japanese monks who had visited China in the 15th century AD learned the teachings of Zhu Xi and returned to Japan… Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

Confucianism in Pre-Modern China Confucianism comes from the Chinese philosopher Confucius, after whom the philosophy takes its name. Confucius lived from the middle of the 6th century BC to the first part of the 5th century BC and was a teacher of the values of those who lived in the days of Chinese antiquity. For Confucius, the greatest years of the Zhou dynasty had come in the three centuries prior to his birth. The dynasty itself lasted for centuries following Confucius' life, though in a much different form from what came before. Confucius viewed the lessons of the early… Continue Reading...

Simone De Beauvoir Philosophy

it seriously. However, de Beauvoir includes some important caveats in her philosophy of self. One is that human freedom, while absolute, is also constrained by ethical imperatives. Those ethical imperatives necessarily derive from externalities, not from within the self. The external source of ethical duty does not come from God, but may come from other people. Therefore, it may be important to listen to what others have to say in order to construct a more ethical self-concept. The second caveat is that the individual, while free, is always a subject of something. The self exists only as a relational being… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

heaven and earth, Horatio, / Than are dreamt of in your philosophy" (Shakespeare 1.5.167-168). Part of this interest in the Gothic was inspired by tales from the Orient, which serves as the subject of Beckford's "Vathek." Another part of this interest was a reaction to the Puritanism of the times: the Gothic genre represented the mystery of iniquity and sin that lurked just below the surface of people and events, simultaneously attracting and repulsing them -- urging them to look and yet frightening them into wanting to run. This paper will relate Beckford's Vathek and Reeve's "The Old English… Continue Reading...

English Protestant Clergy in Literature

taking power on the seas and in politics. Questions of science and philosophy were deemed to be of a highly important order and learned men were often expounding upon them. To be able to talk at length was to show one's awareness, intellect, and education. As both Yorick and Primrose describe their own tales, they follow in this vein of Enlightenment: they give a great deal of time to their own thoughts and actions, setting themselves up for scrutiny while attempting to maintain a degree of simplicity and respect for intelligent discourse. The humor that comes from interaction with… Continue Reading...

How Democracy Leads to Tyranny

Political philosophy II: Theories of Freedom To answer the questions of why De Tocqueville and Mill think that democracy is a threat to the liberty of the individual and whether they are right, this paper will show that both De Tocqueville and Mill viewed democracy as a mechanism that could easily become tyrannical and thus overwhelm one's individual liberty. Considering that democracy in its various forms (direct, representative, constitutional) is capable of being corrupted (voters and/or representatives may be bribed, coerced, misinformed, misled, subjugated, harassed, mobbed, and so on), it… Continue Reading...

Application for Medicine Studies Motivational

not only science, but also subjects such as ethics and philosophy. As a result, one always has something to get their teeth into. This aspect is true not only at the training level, but also during the course of practice. Throughout a career in the medical field, one is constantly studying and enhancing their skills and knowledge. In fact, medicine is arguably the most dynamic career. Accordingly, practitioners have to remain up to date with innovations and medical advancements as what worked a few years or decades ago may not be relevant today. For example, bacteria keep on evolving… Continue Reading...

Comparing Different Cultural Views on Aging

and venerate one's elders and ancestors. Confucianism is not so much a religion as a philosophy or way of life, and while there is a spiritual aspect to its underpinnings, one of the main tenets of the belief system is that younger persons should respect older persons (Parker, 2001). For this reason, as people age in Chinese culture, it is expected and understood that the younger family members will look after the older. In modern times, this belief and practice may not be as popular -- but the basic ideas are still there in Chinese culture and these signify… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

Political philosophy II: Theories of Freedom John Stuart Mill's On Liberty is one of the foundational defenses of liberal, democratic government. According to Mill, there are certain core principles "that should regulate how governments and societies, whether democratic or not, can restrict individual liberties."[footnoteRef:1] Mill wrote that regardless of whether a monarch, dictator, or even a democratic majority governed, the only reason to deprive others of their liberties was what he called the harm principle, namely, that "a harm, an action must… Continue Reading...

Uk Trade Policy and Its Departure from the Eu

while simultaneously steering clear of the fixed-sum game which bleeds into the zero-sum game (Dorobat, 2015, p. 111). Mercantilist philosophy runs under every sum game, no matter which, but the degree to which mercantilism overrides other considerations -- such as the need for cooperation -- will decide the extent to which trade policies are effective. The foundation of any working economic theory is common sense -- and the idea currently presented the world by Russia and China is that a multi-polar world is much more beneficial to all than a uni-polar world wherein one major power controls all the… Continue Reading...

Nursing Challenge

With a relatively flat structure and driven by a patient-centred philosophy, the hospital seeks to enhance community wellbeing by fostering relationships between the organisation, staff, and patients. The organisation believes in the creation and maintenance of an atmosphere where exceptional and high quality care is delivered and recognised by patients and their families as well as members of staff, volunteers, partners, and the community at large. The hospital envisions being acknowledged as a leader in patient care in the services it offers. The shortage of nursing staff creates a gap between the organisation's statements and practice. To exceed the… Continue Reading...

Global Warming in 21st Century

July 28). The global philosopher: who should pay for climate change? Retrieved from: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-36900260 Cummins, N. (2014). The philosophy of global warming. U.S.: Cranmore Publications. Gardiner, S., & Hartzell-Nichols, L. (2012). Ethics and global climate change. Nature Education Knowledge, 3(10): 5. Justin, W. (2015). Philosophers on climate change. Retrieved from: http://dailynous.com/2015/12/08/philosophers-on-climate-change/ Maguire, L. (2014). The moral costs of climate change. Retrieved from: https://www.philosophytalk.org/blog/moral-costs-climate-change Torcello, L., & Mann, M. (2014). Limiting global warming to 2oC: the philosophy and the science. Retrieved from: http://theconversation.com/limiting-global-warming-to-2-c- the-philosophy-and-the-science-32074 Continue Reading...

Life Of Buddha

states. It is during this period, people came to challenge and question Vedic philosophy through a number of new religious and philosophical schools. There was a strong moral vacuum present. • What are the "four passing sights"? The first is an old man that reminded Buddha of aging. The second was a sick person that reminded Buddha of pain and disease. The third was a corpse that reminded Buddha of suffering. The fourth was an ascetic who renewed his faith in finding an end to suffering, thus enabling him to devote himself to asceticism. • What experiences led Buddha… Continue Reading...

Religion Of Ancient Rome

People mused over such subjects as what life was really all about. The philosophy embraced by Greco Roman systems of ancient time took charge of such developments and questions that needed answers. It was a new thought system (Carnagie). The two societies employed their folklore and myths to explain natural phenomenon in the universe. The gods were believed to have emerged from a state of chaos and came on the scene to restore order. The Romans, however, did not evolve a myth to explain creation. They still ascribed significance to the founding of Rome (Carnagie). 4) Focus on one… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

religions, all of which have the above features. Religion vs. philosophy • Belief in God is typically listed as a prerequisite for a religion, which is why Confucianism is commonly excluded from the religion category. • However, many branches of philosophy like metaphysics address belief in God, and argue either for or against the existence of God. These philosophical traditions are not religious in nature even thought they deal with the Absolute. • Therefore, belief in the Absolute is not a sufficient criteria for determining whether a tradition is a religion or not. • The author also claims that belief… Continue Reading...

Experimental Designs

Experimentation is one of the common methods used in quantitative research. Premised on the positivist philosophy, an experiment is essentially conducted to investigate causal relationships between variables (Bryman, 2008). Indeed, this is one of the major strengths of experimental research compared to other types of studies -- it not only describes association between variables, but also explains causation between variables (Kothari, 2004). This essay describes the various components of an experimental method plan. The paper also explains threats to validity as well as nuances involved in interpreting results from an empirical study. An experimental design has four… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

.....ethics cannot avoid claims to universal truths, political philosophy cannot avoid the efficacy of universalism. Relativism is too convenient a response to resolving conflicts of interest and divergent views of governance. However, an alternative to the universalism versus relativism debate lies in Rawl's concept of justice as being the fundamental tenet of a constitutional democracy. Rawls also bases his concept of justice and political philosophy on the underlying importance of consensus (Baier, 1989). Interestingly, consensus implies a utilitarian ethical framework, which Rawls (1985) claims to move away from: "as… Continue Reading...

Asian Bioethics and Towards Reconciliation

ethical discourse, especially with regards to bioethics. Concepts of humanity and human potential are being gradually integrated into contemporary Chinese philosophy, which may be gradually shifting away from its traditional Confucian values and embracing more a celebration of individuality and "human process-identity," (p. 141). How the individual is conceptualized, and viewed in relationship to the society is significant because the concept of autonomy is in fact central to bioethics and medical ethics. One interesting point of view is the "non-rights-based notion of personhood" proposed and developed by Taiwanese/Hong Kong-based philosopher Ip Po-keung. Rooted in traditional Confucianism, a non-rights-based notion of… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

that have dominated evaluation of the human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.  However, there have been numerous difficulties… Continue Reading...

Religion in Ancient Greece

for matters such as personal life, medicine, business, war, and philosophy (Carr). With strong adherence to religion, the society strongly believed that the gods rewarded good behaviour and punished bad behaviour (Carr). Therefore, how one behaved mattered a lot. In other words, good things happened to good people, and bad things happened to bad people. Indeed, unfortunate occurrences like enduring illness were believed to be punishment from the gods for wrongdoing (Cartwright). It was, therefore, important for people to lead a good life. Right from a tender age, children were taught about the gods and the behavioural standards that… Continue Reading...

The Meaning Of Life

for those who know how they are to be utilized. One last rationale behind rejecting Aristotle's philosophy is: some individuals have progressed very far in the competition for the aforementioned things, having been granted life circumstances or talents that are lacking in a majority of us. Swenson is of the opinion that such inequality ought to profoundly trouble all considerate people. He asserts that he is unable to derive enjoyment for the happiness others lack. What gives meaning to life should be all-encompassing and accessible to all. It needs to be an absolute thing which lies behind life and can… Continue Reading...

Kuwaiti Public and Private Sector Job Market

possible solutions to this problem is the establishment of a new employment philosophy and policy by the Kuwaiti government. The new philosophy should be based on economic and technical standards instead of political standards. Political standards have been used as the premise of current employment practices in the Kuwaiti public sector. These standards have primarily focused on securing governmental or public sector employment for Kuwaiti nationals with little or no regard of the actual employment requirements and individual professional capabilities. A new employment philosophy should be adopted and focus on hiring Kuwaiti nationals based on their capabilities and economic… Continue Reading...

Ideals Of Utilitarianism

of morals. Peterborough, ON Broadview Press. MacIntyre. A. (2003). A Short History of Ethics: A History of Moral philosophy from the Homeric Age to the 20th Century. Routledge. Mill, John Stuart. (1864). Utilitarianism. Oxford University. Continue Reading...

Abortion

without causing harm to it. References Thomson, J. J. (1971). A Defense of Abortion. philosophy & Public Affairs, 1(1). Continue Reading...

Concept Of Ethics and Culture

Perrett, R. W., & Patterson, J. (1991). Virtue ethics and Maori ethics. philosophy East and West, 41(2), 185-202. First Steps • The argument of the author is that the Maori Ethics is a representation of the virtue ethics as it is a representation of what one should be and not how one should act. The author alludes to Aristotle's perceptions of ethics and differentiates the concept of virtue ethics from the deontological and consequentialist theories. The concept of the self as the prime moral agent of nature is one of the main argument brought forward by… Continue Reading...

Managing Quality Safety and Individual Performance in Healthcare

and the balanced scorecard in the health care sector. Total Quality Management TQM is a management philosophy that advocates for organization-wide and continuous improvement of an organization's products and processes. The philosophy espouses five major principles: customer focus, management commitment, employee empowerment, continuous improvement, and evidence-based decision making (Kaynak & Rogers, 2013). The element of customer-focus means that every decision an organization makes and process it undertakes is geared towards creating value for the customer. From strategic planning and personnel management to product decisions, the organization places the customer above everything else. Management commitment is about the management of the organization… Continue Reading...

Confucian Virtues and Gender

one's own future is a core tenant of the Feminist philosophy. Another tenet would be the equality of opportunities that are available to each of the genders. One example that has been provided relatively recently in modern examples is the ability for females to serve in the military. There are certain biological constraints among the genders that pertain to the majority of the sexes. Yet, at the same time, some individuals are able to overcome any biological disadvantages that may be present and can compete on a level playing field with any gender identification. Therefore, it is argued that… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

Therefore, military leaders must be effective time managers. Service Leadership and Leading by Example Service leadership is a leadership philosophy based on the concept of servant leadership. A servant leader is the one who puts the needs of others before theirs, innately desires to serve others, shares authority, and leads by example (Bertocci, 2009). At its core, military work is based on the concepts of service and self-sacrifice (Taylor, Rosenbach & Rosenbach, 2009). Military officers place the wellbeing of the nation above their own. They take part in fighting for their country, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, and other situations that expose… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

are given respect for their wisdom and knowledge. In China, Guanxi is adhered to and this is a philosophy delineating friendships among superiors and their subordinates. Chapter 6 Chapter six takes into account the legal, economic and political setting of global business. To begin with, there are four different global political systems. These include democracy, Athenian democracy, representative democracy and totalitarian government. Economic-wise, there are three major national economic philosophies including capitalism, socialism and communism. Political risks encompass the political issues in a certain nation that can have a significant adverse impact on how business is undertaken in such… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

Justice Antonin Scalia's philosophy and contributions to the US Supreme Court, and the effect of his demise on the Court, particularly on Amendments IV, V, VI and VIII. philosophy and Impact of the Death of Scalia Owing to Justice Scalia's disruptive nature, a number of impolite social media posts, op-eds and tweets are expected from parties who were usually not in agreement with his philosophy. Despite the presence of other "conservative" Justices, Antonin Scalia's aggressive and frequently insulting views either infuriated the opposition or made individuals who… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

enormous in scope and comprises of various styles and genres of literature. Western thought and philosophy is a dominant influence in contemporary Indian literature. It has been able to retain its uniqueness and distinctiveness however, despite all the external influence, due to its originality and alluring beauty, Indian literature occupies a place of pride in International literature. Indian literature still retains some of its acquired colonial impacts as evidenced by colonial undertones in works of modern writers. This is however not surprising for a nation that remained under British rule for as long as India did (200 years). English… Continue Reading...

Issues Facing the Church

Baptist works within the prophetic tradition and his teachings were rooted in Jewish Old Testament philosophy, eschatology, and theology. When Jesus went to see and meet with John the Baptist, the event "changed his life," according to Rausch (p. 4). John the Baptist may have so strongly influenced and impacted the young Jesus because of the content of his teachings: the emphasis on impending judgment and/or doom for a sinful and unrepentant humanity. Rausch also claims that there is historical and textual evidence linking Jesus's own ministry with the teachings of John. There are five main similarities between the… Continue Reading...

Teachings Of Jesus and John the Baptist

works within the prophetic tradition and his teachings were rooted in Jewish Old Testament philosophy, eschatology, and theology. When Jesus went to see and meet with John the Baptist, the event "changed his life," according to Rausch (p. 4). John the Baptist may have so strongly influenced and impacted the young Jesus because of the content of his teachings: the emphasis on impending judgment and/or doom for a sinful and unrepentant humanity. Rausch also claims that there is historical and textual evidence linking Jesus's own ministry with the teachings of John. There are five main similarities between the core… Continue Reading...

Sanford Medical Center Organization Structure

upon its vision of improving the human condition through exceptional care, innovation, and discovery (Sanford Health, n.d). The facility's philosophy is that health care services are a community asset (Sanford Health, n.d). Therefore, there is need to have long-term partnerships between the facility and the community. The administrative structure of Sanford Medical Center includes a Board of Trustees that comprises of community leaders who are all volunteers. The board members are selected for their expertise and experience in various areas in the health care system. The facility also has an executive committee responsible for patient care activities. Finally, the… Continue Reading...

Race Identity and the Ontology Philosophy Of Race

ethical concept, even though both metaphysics and ethics fall under the rubric of philosophy. However, a discussion of race as an ontological issue depends on an understanding of race as an ethical issue as race has been socially constructed in status-oriented and hierarchal societies like the United States. Race is socially constructed, but race is also subjectively constructed, which is what Ally's case demonstrates. Ally's case is best understood through the lens of what Mills calls subjectivism, in which race designations and categories are arbitrary and individuals can freely choose their own race. Ally is consciously passing as white,… Continue Reading...

Locke Vs Hume on Consent

Political Obligation When it comes to political science and philosophy, there are many subjects and points of analysis that are very intriguing, widely discussed and heavily debated. There are also certain people, both past and present, that have proved themselves as scholars on those political subjects. Such is the case with both John Locke and David Hume. One particular subject that both men weighed in on was the role of consent when it comes to the creation of political obligation. The positions of both men will be covered in this report and… Continue Reading...

Fundamentalism and Evolution at the Scopes Trial

own worldview. Darrow viewed Fundamentalism as an evil that obstructed progress, modern philosophy, and science. The two men's viewpoints were as different as night and day -- and ultimately neither one really settled the matter of the origins of human life, for it is a question that goes on today -- that is asked even now (Ben Stein even produced a recent documentary film about this very same subject -- the teaching of evolution versus Creationism in schools). The fact is that on the side of Creationism and Evolution is a kind of faith or trust or assent of… Continue Reading...

The Various Ways to Learn

intention to stay. Industrial and Commercial Training, 48(3), 142-148. doi:10.1108/ict-01-2015-0011 Ramsey, W., Rumelhart, D. E., & Stich, S. P. (2013). philosophy and Connectionist Theory. Psychology Press. Sun, H., Teh, P., Ho, K., & Lin, B. (2016). Team Diversity, Learning, and Innovation: A Mediation Model. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 22-30. doi:10.1080/08874417.2016.1181490 Continue Reading...

Comic Books, Graphic Novels, and Literacy

to be able to discuss "sophisticated " subjects in fields as diverse as philosophy and science (60). Classic graphic novels like Maus have been systematically integrated into cross-disciplinary studies to teach difficult issues related to history, sociology, and intersectionality. Comic books are beneficial to child development because they can stimulate interest in literacy development, literacy, and learning different subjects. Because of the ample potential in using comic books as a means or object of instruction, they should become integrated further into classrooms for all age levels. The visual and multimedia dimension of comic books makes them especially beneficial to… Continue Reading...

Developing Personal Epistemic Beliefs

hand, emphasizes reason instead of the use of the senses to justify claims and beliefs. Outside of philosophy, epistemology is used to understand how people acquire knowledge and learn like Genetic epistemology. When so many areas of study can be examined via the lens of epistemology, it makes developing a personal epistemology integral to learning and acquiring knowledge. To discover and understand one's own personal epistemic beliefs, one must explore the information out there and attempt to verify these claims, and believe in what is learned and identified via the process. People find knowledge through various ways. From reading… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

(literally deified by the Revolution) as well as socio-political philosophy regarding fraternity, equality and liberty. Hegel came to maturity during this era and for him, philosophy consisted of a clash of forces -- and the old world concept of philosophy (the love of knowledge/wisdom) was what Hegel sought to transform in The Phenomenology of Spirit, as he clearly states in the book's Preface: "To help to bring philosophy nearer to the form of science -- that goal where it can lay aside the name of love of knowledge and be actual knowledge -- that is what I have set… Continue Reading...

Epicurus's Views on Death

deal with them too. References Epicurus, (1966). "Letter to Menoeceus," in J. Saunders (ed.), Greek and Roman philosophy after Aristotle, New York: Free Press. Fischer, J. M. (ed.), (2014). "Mortal Harm" in S. Luper (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Life and Death, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Glannon, W. (1993). Epicureanism and death. The Monist, 76(2), 222-234. Levenbook, B. (1984). Harming Someone After His Death. Ethics, 94 (3): 407 -- 419. Partridge, E. (1981). Posthumous Interest and Posthumous Respect. Ethics, 91, no. 2. Rosenbaum, S. (1986). How to Be Dead and Not Care: A Defense of Epicurus. American Philosophical Quarterly, 23 (2):… Continue Reading...

Police Organization and Administration

soon as possible. 13. Police Budget Process. All Levels Budgeting. Bottom Line philosophy, Cutback budgeting...etc. The budgeting process, on a high level, can often be out of the police departments control. However, providing transparency throughout the process can often be one of the key factors in securing a satisfactory working budget. If budgeting requires that the department cuts back, it is important to keep the most essential services funded, while saving in other areas if possible. Budgeting is always a balancing act. 14. Collective Bargaining. Job items covered by union contracts. Management's Rights. Collective bargaining is not necessarily something to… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

George Berkeley, and David Hume are considered to be three of the most persuasive empiricists in philosophy. The key aspects that the philosophies of these three empiricists have are that knowledge develops from sensory experience. However, it is imperative to note that each of these three empiricists have their own views (Meyers, 2014). To begin with, Locke repudiated the prospect of intrinsic ideas and that when an individual is born, his or her mind is blank. Therefore, Locke makes the argument that all notions come from experience and that devoid of such experience, reason does not have a benchmark… Continue Reading...

Fides Virtus

when he started his rule, Claudius demonstrated exceedingly meticulous leadership. In particular, his objectives were outstanding, and his political philosophy was intellectual. In addition, during the course of his reign of the Roman Empire, the Romans reveled in general success and there were very minimal grievances and criticism from the provinces. Moreover, his brevity was showcased in the key achievement, which was the organized invasion and overthrow of the south of Britain (Roman Empire, 2017). Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasian is another leader that demonstrated these qualities. In particular, Vespasian was a very practical individual; he was a man of… Continue Reading...

Shared Values and Diverse Ideas in Healthcare Environment

practices. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Edington, D., & Pitts, J. (2016). Shared values-shared results: Positive organisational health as a win-win philosophy. U.S.: Endington Associates. Schein, E. (2010). Organizational Culture and Leadership. 4th ed. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco. Yang, Y., & Konrad, A. (2011). Understanding diversity management practices: implications of institutional theory and resource-based theory. Group & Organization Management, 36(1), 6-38. Yoder-Wise, P. (2013). Leading and managing in nursing. 5th ed. New York: Elsevier. Continue Reading...

Management and Operation Consulting for Google

users. This contributed greatly to Google's value proposition (Jacques, Perry & Kristensson, 2015). All in all the single philosophy that propels Google's value proposition is the fact that it needs to provide advertising to a targeted people on the global scale. As a result, they used AdWords services that mostly encouraged startups, enterprises, small business and even individuals to advertise their goods and services using an online platform. The service adopted by Google enabled users to promote their services using Google ads. For most advertisers, their most concern is on ad prices and their return on investment (ROI). Google… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

the pros and cons of Aristotelianism in contemporary moral education. Journal of philosophy of Education, 48(1): 48-68. Lott, J. (2010). More Guns, Less Crime. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Mantri, G. (2011). Homegrown Terrorism. Harvard International Review, 33(1), 88. Meyer, A. (2015). So many weapons are at home in Switzerland. Blick. Retrieved from http://www.blick.ch/news/schweiz/waffenkammer-schweiz-so-viele-waffen-liegen-bei-schweizern-zu-hause-id2676118.html Ministry of the Interior. (2016). Proposal of amendment of constitutional act. No. 110/1998 Col., on Security of the Czech Republic. Retrieved from https://apps.odok.cz/veklep-detail?pid=KORNAGNGZSFW NRA-ILA. (2016). European Parliament and Council reach agreement on EU Firearms Directive. Retrieved from https://www.nraila.org/articles/20161223/european-parliament-and-council-reach-agreement-on-eu-firearms-directive ONS. (2015). Focus on violent crime… Continue Reading...

Ancient Rome Timeline Of Military

at least 7 events. 200 CE: The rise of populist or democratic sentiments and political philosophy. Rome was not a democracy, although it was a Republic. By the 2nd century CE, populist tribunes started to make waves on the Roman political scene. These populist tribunes were mirrored by the uprisings by local governments and communities in Roman-acquired territories throughout the vast empire. With such a vast empire, and such a relatively weak method of centralized governance, it became increasingly impossible to achieve harmony and authoritative rule. It was not as if Rome usurped idyllic ways of life, so much as… Continue Reading...

Lean Production System Applied to Today's Business

LEAN TECHNIQUES APPLIED TO BUSINESS IN TODAY'S WORKFORCE Simply put, in the business sense of it, lean means creating more value using fewer resources. Therefore, a lean organization is one that focuses more on maximizing customer value with minimal waste. Its key process is mainly to produce its customer value products increasingly. Lean is about standardizing work process to make problems visible and develop the team members' critical thinking ability so that they can solve those problems and improve work processes TOYOTA Toyota uses lean strategy in such a way that when the vehicle is ordered by a customer they… Continue Reading...

China and Confucianism Society

which are Confucianism as a religion, Confucianism as a philosophy, and Confucianism as legalism. The first chapter of the book focuses on the philosophy of Confucianism and how it might be applied outside of Asia to the Western world and especially to the United States. For example, the authors talk about President Johnson's concept of a "Great Society," as well as the Civil Rights Act to show that these are essentially based on Confucian ideals. The authors even point out the connections between Johnson's "Great Society" and the concept of "datong," which is the "Great Equal Society" that gives… Continue Reading...

Admissions Essay for Family Nurse Practitioner

university's Family Nursing program. Family nursing has long been an underlying goal of mine because my philosophy of nursing is holistic and grounded in caring theory. Caring theory is patient-centric, non-judgmental, and individualistic. The family nursing model is also one that takes into account issues related to family systems, culture, and worldview. Caring is more than an ethical, moral, and professional duty for nurses. I echo the sentiment that caring is a "complex and trans-cultural process, grounded in an ethical and spiritual context," (de Guia-Rayos, 2014). Throughout my decades of experience, I have had the opportunity to work in diverse… Continue Reading...

Analects Of Confucius Philosophy

initiated the candidate ability to apply the Confucian logic and philosophy. "The Analects of Confucius" (Eno 1) is a collection of ideas and sayings attributed to Chinese philosophers named Confucius and his Disciples. Thus, the author of the book is Confucius and his Disciples, and the book is written between 475 BC -211 BC during the period of Warring States. However, since the book was written in a Chinese language, Robert Eno translated the book into English, and was first translated into English in 1990. However, Robert Eno translated the book in 2003 and was revised in 2012 and… Continue Reading...

History and Context Of the Tao De Ching Lao Tzu

text that do affect its overall interpretation and meaning. However, Taoism is ultimately a philosophy of being, a guide for right thinking and right attitude that can help people to enjoy living harmoniously and peacefully rather than by creating or perpetuating conflict. Whereas its counterpart philosophical tradition, Confucianism, was concerned more about ethical precepts in terms of social norms and political culture, Taoism is more about personal responsibility and introspection as the key to right living. The Tao is itself "an attitude, state of mind or way of being in the world," ("History of the Tao de Ching," 1).… Continue Reading...

Mental State Of Shakespeare's Hamlet

2009. http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/hamlet/antichamlet.html Davis, Tenney. "The Sanity of Hamlet." The Journal of philosophy, vol. 18, no. 23 (Nov. 10, 1921): 629-634. Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. http://shakespeare.mit.edu/hamlet/full.html Continue Reading...

Personal Professional Development Plan in Nursing

skills of nurses based on the changing nature of nursing practice. Part B: Analysis and Conclusions Statement of philosophy Record your statements of philosophy of Nursing and of personal philosophy. Explain how these are reflected the values, vision, and personal interests that you recorded in your "My Vision and Interests" tool. The general philosophy of nursing is centered on assisting others through professionalism, compassion, and accountability (Kutin, 2013). The philosophy of nursing is commitment to providing high-quality healthcare to patients in a safe environment that improves patient outcomes. My personal philosophy is a responsibility and commitment to the public as a… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

ideology today. Manchester. Manchester University Press. Gaus, G., Courtland, S. D., & Schmidtz, D. (2011). Liberalism, The Stanford Encyclopaedia of philosophy. Liberalism. (2016). Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopaedia, 1p. 1. Von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, E. (1997). Liberalism in America. The Intercollegiate Review, 33(1), 44. Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

corrections are linked with politics on various extents and levels. Prevailing political philosophy and ideology influence the structure, organization, as well as anticipation of a society's criminal justice organization. As a result, these institutions impact the manners in which criminal law is implemented and administered and corrections put into place (Law Library, 2017). Police agencies are part and parcel of the law enforcement. In a police agency undertakes its law enforcing operations in a political system that is corrupt, then it becomes just about unmanageable to eradicate and abolish the corruption within the police agency. In particular, it has… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Judicial Philosophy, Social Security, and Political Realism in the U.s.

Judicial philosophy of the Supreme Court Judicial philosophy is a concept that refers to the way judges understand and interpret the law in relation to the specific cases they are handling. This concept emerges from the fact that while laws are universal and broad, they need to be applied to specific cases based on the judge's understanding and interpretation of the law as well as the unique circumstances surrounding the case. The two most common judicial philosophies of the Supreme Court are judicial… Continue Reading...

Ip Man the Grandmaster and Women in Kung Fu

have been reproduced on screen. Wai chooses to fit the characters to the philosophy that he wants to explore instead of exploring the philosophy of the characters as it actually existed. This brings us to one of the most glaring problems with the film: its romanticizing of the martial arts community in Hong Kong at this time. The film makes it seem as though the martial arts community was like a secret society -- meeting in a brothel where they were all honored for their skills. As Nielson notes, this was just not the reality of the situation. He… Continue Reading...

Gun Fu and Hong Kong Cinema

Instead, its climax leads to a yin-yang type of resolution. Yin-yang is a concept in Chinese philosophy that shows how opposite forces can actually be complementary and interrelated with one another. In the film's final scene, Ho, Kit and the villain Shing are isolated from the police. Shing tells Ho that money and power are enough to ensure that Shing is never prosecuted for his crimes. Kit, the law-abiding son, knows that what Shing says is true. He cannot bring himself to take action, but he does give a gun to Ho, who shoots and kills Shing, thus delivering… Continue Reading...

Presentation Of Gender in Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein

in science which is appropriate and important in the male-dominated landscape of natural philosophy. It is clear from Frankenstein's "days and nights in vaults and charnel houses" where he "lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit" (Shelley, 78) that he attained a level of focus and drive so high he could be referred to as a fanatic. All through Frankenstein's research, his social and domestic duties suffered and his admittance to how he "knew [his] silence disquieted them" (Shelley, 81) shows a level of self-centeredness in his poor relationship with his closest friends and relatives. Theme… Continue Reading...

Understanding Depression

Battle With Depression And Sex Addiction | HuffPost. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/15/rick-springfield-depressed_n_1962421.html Subba, & Desh. (2014). philosophy of Fearism: Life Is Conducted, Directed and Controlled by the Fear. Xlibris Corp. Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

counselor explains in the Michael Moore documentary. In the US, there is no such prevailing opinion, attitude or philosophy at work in the corrections system. This may be one reason recidivism rates in the US are higher than they are in Germany and in the Netherlands. Another reason could be that the US measures recidivism differently than in Euorpe. As the Vera Institute of Justice's paper on corrections highlights, "Germany and the Netherlands use different base populations" when it comes to measuring recidivism rates (Subramanian, Shames, 2013, p. 6). "Both countries usually look at all people sanctioned by a… Continue Reading...

Legalshield Pre-paid Legal Services Essay

LegalShield affiliate attorney, lawyers (a) must be in good standing with their state bar association, (b) have a service philosophy parallel to the high standards of LegalShield and (c) understand and appreciate the everyday legal needs members face (About us, 2015). The company has expanded its operations into a 170,000-square-foot corporate office on 80-acres with more than 650 employees at its headquarters in Ada, Oklahoma (About us, 2015).  Notwithstanding this sustained growth in a rapidly changing competitive environment, the company’s leadership insists that its core vision remains the same today as it was in 1969:  “Our leaders have decades… Continue Reading...

Curriculum Evaluation Plan Essay

new standards in order to prepare students for successful completion of the PARCC’s standardized tests. Mission/ philosophy Statement The stated mission of the school is “to teach, guide, and nurture young adolescents” (Haddonfield mission, 2016, para. 2). In support, the school mission statement adds that it seeks to achieve this outcome through “partnerships with parents and the community” in order to “create a school where students want to learn and see the benefit of their learning” (Haddonfield mission, 2016, para. 2). In addition, the school’s mission statement also highlights the goal to help young learners become better citizens: “We help students… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Education and Mission Statement for an Inclusive School District Essay

Personal philosophy of education statement Although the settings that are used to deliver educational services today differ markedly from those used a century ago, the fundament purpose of education has remained essentially the same: to provide young learners with the academic background and experiences they need to become contributing citizens to American society (Stone, 2014). The introduction of numerous technological innovations in recent years, though, has also resulted in growing numbers of educators questioning the efficacy of conventional pedagogy that ignores the ability of… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

the increasing focus for researchers as well. For instance, Schiemann emphasizes, “To the degree that political philosophy is concerned with the proper balance between legitimate state authority, including violence, on one hand, and individual autonomy, including autonomy of the body, on the other hand, then interrogational torture is also an important problem in normative political theory.”4  Despite these growing concerns, proponents of the global war on terrorism maintain that the use of torture is justified given the potential for future terrorist attacks on the scale of those of September 11, 2001 and the need to protect the country’s interests… Continue Reading...

Jeff Bezos Leadership Skills

and unusual way (Skeet, 2015). Nonetheless, for Amazon to sustain a capable workforce, it must strengthen its institutional philosophy to structure the advancement of human resources for long-term rivalry benefits (Kantor & Streitfeld, 2015). Many professionals drew the attention regarding the challenges that Amazon is experiencing now. The company is recognized for its organizational culture that drives workers to take risks and seek fresh and innovative ideas. The traditional occurrence is accountable for the organization’s capability to search fresh and innovative chances to employ data-intensive procedures to issue productive online retail service. Amazon’s prosperity is scaled against the possible and… Continue Reading...

Organizational Culture at Southwest Airlines and Koch Industries

at Koch is quite different. It follows the principles of market-based management, which is a philosophy expounded by co-founder Charles Koch (Charles Koch Institute, 2017). There are several different elements to this philosophy: integrity, compliance, value creation, principle entrepreneurship, customer focus, knowledge, change, humility, respect and fulfillment. This is a lot of different elements to work with. Of these, customer focus is shared with Southwest, but many of the others are fairly overt calls to value creation for the organization. Interestingly, a lot of what Southwest does is based on creating value for the company, but it is not… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

appended to an antiquated divide existing in science and philosophy. Such a divide is that of rationalism versus empiricism. Rationalists possess a perspective that one’s senses are inadequate and place their trust in reason (Polifroni & Welch, 1999). This is in disparity with empiricists who state sense experience is the source of all information and ideas. Theory guided practice tails a rationalist viewpoint while evidence based practice shadows empirical knowledge. Conclusion In conclusion, nursing theory contributed to what nursing is today. There have been countless contributions with popular ones like Orem's Self-care Theory and Watsons Nursing Theory providing for… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Care, 11(3), 149-154. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ANC.0b013e31821ba28e Nyqvist, K. H., & Karlsson, K. H. (1997, June). A philosophy of care for a neonatal intensive care unit: Operationalization of a nursing model. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 11(2), 91-96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.1997.tb00438.x Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Theoretical frameworks. In Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (10th ed., pp. 117-136). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Nursing research: Generating and assesing evidence for nursing practice (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer. Roy, C. (2011, October 5). Research based on the Roy adaptation model: Last… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Plato on Aquinas’s View Of the Soul

Spruit, \"The Controversy over the Immortality of the Soul,\" Routledge Companion to Sixteenth Century philosophy (2017): 225.] Christian theology subscribes to the concept of life after death, and it was only natural to adopt Plato’s idea of the soul. However, St Thomas Aquinas was keen on developing a conception of the soul based on Aristotle’s concept while accommodating the Christian doctrine[footnoteRef:3]. According to Aquinas, the soul was indeed a form, but a special one that could exist briefly without being embodied. In his postulation, human beings are made of body and soul, matter and form and that death entail the separation… Continue Reading...

Religious Revolution

economic and social fabric of the West to alter substantially in terms of how life was organized, how philosophy was conceptualized, and various forms of new thought came along to fill the gap left by the abandonment of the Old World order. The evidence indicates that the religious revolution was the root of the change. As Philpott and Van Kley show, the religious revolution served as the basis for modern political forms and for modern political and social revolution. Silk also notes that this has been the case, even in America, where a new conception of Judeo-Christianity has emerged.… Continue Reading...

U.s. Presidents 1789 to 1840

this critical period in American history, statesmen laid the foundations for political culture, philosophy, and institutions. Although all the presidents during this fifty-year period had some influence on the early republic, several left a more outstanding mark and legacy. As a Founding Father and author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson undoubtedly deserves recognition as one of the most important presidents in the entire history of the country. As a slave owner who believed in a small central government, Jefferson also set a precedent for what would become a series of contentious compromises between Americans who supported racism… Continue Reading...

Washington, Hamilton, Franklin, As Founding Fathers

Franklin, who were expert at general issues related to political philosophy, Washington focused on the details of administrative duty. As President of the United States, Washington helped to forge treaties and alliances with Native American groups, which would later prove critical in helping strengthen the border with what would become Canada. Also, Washington helped to create a system of tariffs and taxes to help boost the federal government’s budget, and then later embarked on ambitious foreign policy initiatives that strengthened the United States vis-a-vis its more established countries in the Old World. For example, Washington encouraged John Jay to… Continue Reading...

Gospel Of John Vs Synoptic Gospels

God above all else; and Luke wrote primarily for the Greek Gentiles, known for their love of beauty and philosophy—which is why Luke focuses so much on the truth of Christ (Frey, 1948; Powell, 2013). The Gospel of John What sets the Gospel of John apart is that it is constructed in a manner that is wholly unique: it begins with a macro-perspective of the creation of Time—the Universe—all things. At the center of the cosmos is the Logos—the Word. The Word is God—as John describes—and the Word is Christ. Thus, John connects Christ to Eternity and to Divinity… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

it informs his own critical thinking, behavior, and understanding of right and wrong (“Kant’s philosophy of Religion”). Indeed, Kant “sought to locate the concept of God within a systematically ordered set of basic philosophical principles that account for the order and structure of world” (“Kant’s philosophy of Religion”). Into this order and structure would fall questions such as, “Is murder immoral?” Kant’s system was not stagnant, however; it developed over time and evolved into something where subtle distinctions emerged to raise new questions about how right and wrong could ultimately be determined. To what extent did moral judgments depend… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Mental Health and Trauma Informed Care

& Hurley 2017). Trauma-informed care has important implications for clinical practice. It provides a guiding philosophy for the delivery of mental health services. Personally, learning about trauma-informed care will significantly influence my nursing practice going forward. I now recognise that patients seeking mental health services have trauma histories that may significantly affect their physical, mental, and emotional wellbeing. These impacts remain long after the end of the trauma (MHCC, 2013). As a nurse in the mental healthcare setting, I must therefore recognise these histories, and connect trauma to patients’ social background. This is particularly because of the link between social… Continue Reading...

Christian Worldview

is: The Christian God in a pluralistic world. Eugene: Cascade Books. Wiegel, P., & Prud’homme, J. (2015). The philosophy of human nature in Christian perspective. Bern: Peter Lang. Continue Reading...

Altruism Vs Rands Selfishness

Rand's Rational Self Interest Rand’s philosophy regarding selfishness and altruism contains a crucial dichotomy, as virtually anyone’s philosophy regarding opposite concepts would. However, the opposition in Rand’s concept may surprise those who are not familiar with her philosophy. At a very basic level, Rand is stating that selfishness is actually good, and that altruism is really evil in “Introduction to the Virtue of Selfishness”. Thus, there is opposition found within this opposition, as most people would say the inverse of the aforementioned statement. However, the author reveals… Continue Reading...

An Effective Strategy in Dealing with People with Mental Disorders

the development and inspiration of superior- performance entities. The institution also offers other doctoral courses like philosophy in nursing practice, general phycology, and business administration. This course is grounded in the DNA system utilized for instilling economic, leadership and business capabilities among directors and educators. It is based on in- depth scientific, practical and abstract research. Learners imbibe skills that facilitate the application of acquired information to their individual professional interests. GCU’s DNA artifact provides an interconnected method in diverse doctoral journey stages, facilitating the development of an all- inclusive program approach. By collaborating with the DNA system and… Continue Reading...

The Secret to Success in Stocks Investing

his or her emotions because he or she can control them. The philosophy I will lean on is that stock market crashes are bound to happen because they always happen. The North American stock market is one investment opportunity that I would urge or recommend to other investors. The reason for saying so is because they should not be too worried about the volatility of the market but should look at the gain (or lose) they are going to get by investing. The North American stock market has good companies trading their stocks in the market and making an… Continue Reading...

Leadership Case Studies

familiar responses to situations. There's going to be that one person, however, who tests out this new philosophy. If Ms. Schmidt doesn't change, it is likely that many employees will actually not be that surprised. But for those who believed her when she made that announcement, the response will be strongly negative, and likely increase turnover intention, as that would reduce the trust that people had in her. Even people who didn't believe she would change would see their trust degraded, though they maybe had a lower trust level to begin with, which is often the case when people… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

what happens in hospitals?." BMC medical ethics17.1 (2016): 52-64. Bickenbach, Jerome. "WHO’s Definition of Health: Philosophical Analysis." Handbook of the philosophy of Medicine (2015): 1-14. Bozzo, Alexander. "A challenge to unqualified medical confidentiality." Journal of Medical Ethics (2017): medethics-2017. Dapaah, Jonathan Mensah, and Kodjo A. Senah. "HIV/AIDS clients, privacy, and confidentiality; the case of two health centers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana." BMC medical ethics 17.1 (2016): 41-51. Elger, Bernice S., Violet Handtke, and Tenzin Wangmo. "Informing patients about limits to confidentiality: A qualitative study in prisons." International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 41 (2015): 50-57. Habersack, Marion, and Gero Luschin. "WHO-definition of health must be… Continue Reading...

Servant Leadership Style and Leadership Philosophy

Leadership philosophy denotes the values, beliefs, and principles that define or influence how a leader leads their followers. There are many different leadership philosophies, but one philosophy that particularly resonates with the author’s leadership philosophy is servant leadership. Servant leadership is about serving others and prioritising the needs of others. As demonstrated in this paper, servant leadership is a leadership philosophy that is applicable at the workplace as well as in one’s personal life. Servant leadership is crucial for building strong relationships, trust,… Continue Reading...

An Explanation Of the Definition Of Science

Science is a way of knowing that is inherently shared. Unlike religion or philosophy, science can actually be used to generate shared knowledge about the world. Any time a phenomenon seems anomalous, a scientist can perform tests and observations that can help lead to deeper understandings. Other ways of knowing can be valid for entertainment or personal belief systems, but lack the credibility and verifiability of science. References Union of Concerned Scientists (2017). Science, evolution, and intelligent design. Retrieved online: http://www.ucsusa.org/scientific_integrity/what_you_can_do/science-as-a-way-of-knowing.html#.Wd5A5BNSyRs Continue Reading...

Globalization Is Not Americanization

nation-states to invest and follow suit. According to Owolabi (2001), American “ hegemony is sustained by propagating the philosophy of liberalism,” (p. 71). It is liberalism, and neo-liberalism to be more precise, that allows the globalization of corporate and government stakeholders to wield the level of power they currently do. If the result for the masses of laborers around the world is ongoing exploitation, the cause is not Americanization but unbridled capitalism. In fact, Owolabi (2001) offers as a remedy to American hegemony the “jettisoning the individualism of liberalism for the altruism and sense of community of communitarianism,” (p. 71).… Continue Reading...

European Global Perspective

expansion until the internal combustion engine (and subsequent advances in philosophy and governance that may have dramatically altered the shape of that expansion). European expansion likely did not occur at the best time for something like that to have occurred. Key Underpinnings The key underpinnings of analysis with respect to European expansion and imperialism lie with the belief among the Europeans conducting such expansion that they were inherently superior. This value was driven by both religion and by their advanced technology relative to most other societies. Combining the two elements allowed Europeans to impose their will on other societies… Continue Reading...

Europe and the Modern Era

(who later led Europe for more than a millennium) all incorporated aspects of the classical philosophy into their own sense of education. The West—or Europe as we know it today—was defined as a result of numerous factors coming together to form their social perspective. In the centuries before Constantine came to the throne in the Roman Empire, the realm was pagan and held pagan beliefs. Constantine elevated Christianity—or rather Roman Catholicism. When Rome fell, the monks and missionaries of the Roman Catholic faith provided some degree of stability and a cogent doctrine that had social implications as well as… Continue Reading...

Process Based Organizational Change Efforts

According to Dowdle, Stevens, & Daly (2007), process-based interventions reflect a particular organizational philosophy, namely that organizations exist as a series of processes which are designed to deliver value to the customer. The presumption is that by setting benchmarks for specific process improvements, the organization will be able to improve in efficiency, cost savings, and ultimately profitability. Processes are not separate from strategy but rather are an integral part of strategy (Rosam & Peddle 2008). Organizational change, however, is often a slow, incremental struggle and there is sobering evidence that attempts at organizational change often result in… Continue Reading...

Role Of Privately Owned Media in a Democracy

ceded all power altogether. References Chrisiano, T. (2006) Democracy. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved December 3, 2017 from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/democracy/ Coronel, S. (no date). The role of media in deepening democracy. United Nations Public Administration Network. Retrieved December 3, 2017 from http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/un/unpan010194.pdf Crichton, D., Christel, B., Shidham, A., Valderrama, A. & Karmel, J. (2010). Introduction. Journalism in the Digital Age. Retrieved December 3, 2017 from https://cs.stanford.edu/people/eroberts/cs181/projects/2010-11/Journalism/index7f0d.html?page_id=16 Friedman, M. (1970) The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. New York Times Magazine. Retrieved December 3, 2017 from https://www.colorado.edu/studentgroups/libertarians/issues/friedman-soc-resp-business.html Prat, A. & Stromberg, D. (2013) The political economy of mass media. Columbia… Continue Reading...

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

as Michelangelo was reminding his Italian viewers of the doctrines of the faith and the foundations of Western philosophy used to support the theology of the Christian religion, Catholic Europe was being torn asunder from within as a result of too much expression given to humanism, too much corruption among the clergy, and too much laxity among the Church officials to hold the foundations together. With all of that history surrounding it, it is no wonder that Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam has become so iconic: it represents the moment that generated it all: the moment of human life springing… Continue Reading...

Apple's Human Resources Strategy

should entice people to work for them, and work hard. Thus, compensation is more of a total compensation philosophy than a pay and benefits philosophy. Apple offers people the opportunity to make a difference, to work with great leaders, and to contribute to world-changing products. By focusing its human resources messaging on intrinsic motivation, the company selects for workers with a high rate of intrinsic motivation, and is then able to pay them market rates. The company also looks to its star performers to determine what opportunities it can find for them, and clusters star performers on the teams… Continue Reading...

Reflection and Research Essay on Augustine: Saint Augustine on Evil

Exchange 37, no. 2 (2008): 228-31.] [2: Melchert, Norman. The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.] Saint Augustine deduced that a good God would not have necessarily created evil. He argued that all things that good created be good. However, evil by its very nature is not good. Therefore, God could not have created evil. His philosophy fronts the idea that evil was created by the existence of free will. This free will allows people to choose the lesser good and hence result in evil[footnoteRef:3]. [3: Nash-Marshall, Siobhan. "Free Will, Evil, and Saint… Continue Reading...

A Historical Comparison Of Christianity and Buddhism

who serve in quasi-political roles like the Pope. Buddhism is more a philosophy and system of practice than it is a religion, as it is absent of any reference to a deity. Unlike Christianity, Buddhism is more about personal practice, the nature of consciousness, and improving the human condition than it is about imaginary beings and an afterlife (Narada Maha Thera). Yet Buddhism and Christianity both do focus on death as a potential source of liberation. Buddhism also has elements of religious faith, particularly in some of its sects. Buddhism also lays forth for practitioners moral precepts, such as those… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

psychology class, we learn the fundamental foundation of conservative political philosophy. People need to be motivated by a deep inner drive to do good. The government cannot impose a set of morals or values, although the government does exist to prevent me from infringing on your rights or you from infringing on mine in an egregious way. Through his research in economics, Brooks came to the conclusion that free enterprise and capitalism do drive happiness—contrary to what socialists and many more moderate liberals believe. Michael Tanner also understands the principle of intrinsic motivation, and how social safety nets are… Continue Reading...

Enron Fraud

ethical dilemma by the fundamental standards of what an ethical dilemma actually is. Beyond the realm of philosophy, one might prefer to use the Friedman argument. The directors of Enron did have some success in increasing shareholder value in the short run. However, Friedman did not say that the social responsibility of business is to increase shareholder value in the short run knowing that it would all be blown up in the long run. The complete and total evisceration of shareholder value as the result of this fraud runs counter to anything Friedman argued. Moreover, Friedman’s argument was set… Continue Reading...

Historical Perspective on Supervision

the twentieth century had been dominated by 2 competing educational philosophies. One of them was centered on the philosophy of John Dewey who observed democracy, instead of scientific advancement, as the conceptual foundation of national advancement. He argued that schools must be disciplined in such a manner that pupils are able to perform citizenship and further build the foundation of democracy (Dewey, 1938). Developmental ideas like as a student-centered education, linking the classroom to the real life, differentiation based on pupil learning requirements, and amalgamation of subjects have been espoused by Dewey as means of connecting the gap amid… Continue Reading...

Computer Assisted Instruction in Education

There is something about Aristotle: the pros and cons of Aristotelianism in contemporary moral education. Journal of philosophy of Education, 48(1), 48-68. Lickona, T. (1993). The return of character education. Educational Leadership, 51(3), 6-11. Mangal, S. K. (2007). Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction in Special Education. Delhi: PHI Learning. Paterson. (2017). Mission & Vision. Retrieved from http://www.paterson.k12.nj.us/11_pages/mission_vision.php Paterson Public Schools. (2017). Curriculum. Retrieved from http://www.paterson.k12.nj.us/11_curriculum/language%20arts/Curriculum%20Guides%20K8/GRADE%205/ELA_Grade%205_Unit%201.pdf Ybarra, R., & Green, T. (2003). Using technology to help ESL/EFL students develop language skills. The Internet TESL Journal, 9(3). Continue Reading...

Deepak Chopra Book Path Of Love

The Path to Love encapsulates Deepak Chopra’s self-help philosophy, although it is focused specifically on the concept of love. “In spirit you are unbounded by time and space, untouched by experience. In spirit you are true love,” (Chopra 2). The book is about different types of love, including self-love, but also romance and familial love. Although the book comes across as being new age fluff, it is nevertheless useful in engaging the reader and inspiring a positive mindset. The author does a good job of linking together various types of love, starting with… Continue Reading...

Religion the Theology and Teachings Of Paul

Paul’s writings are naturally cosmopolitan, his being influenced by Hellenistic culture and philosophy as well as Judaism. As a result, Paul’s contributions indelibly and significantly transformed the mode, meaning, and implications of Christ’s message. As Scholz (2013) points out, Paul penned almost half of all New Testament texts: thirteen books. Paul’s theology is “one of the cornerstones upon which the Christian Church is built,” (Zetterholm, 2009, p. 1). What also makes Pauline texts different is that unlike the synoptic gospels, Pauline letters reflect the author’s own theology. Reading and re-reading Pauline theology offers insight… Continue Reading...

Characteristics Of an Effective Nurse Administrator

Introduction A philosophy of caring and compassion is necessary but not sufficient for effective nurse administration. Nurse administrators assume additional duties and responsibilities when they manage health care facilities. In addition to understanding the regulations affecting day to day operations, nurse administrators need to have a firm command of financial management and human resources management expertise. Nurse administrators also need to know about how to form strategic alliances with partners in the community, government, and private sector. Essentially, nurse administrators tend to be relatively far removed from the job of… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Educational Leadership

need in order to overcome obstacles (either internal or external) and strive towards the objectives that are theirs to achieve. philosophy of Educational Leadership I believe that educational leadership is about engaging with those around you in the school place—students, teachers, administrators, parents—all stakeholders. Educational leadership provides a vision that all stakeholders can rally around and embrace (“Educational Leadership,” 2017). It promotes change from within so that everyone who ascribes to the vision can develop themselves in order to achieve it. The ultimate aim of educational leadership is not to turn stakeholders into robots or unthinking humans who simply regurgitate… Continue Reading...

Biblical Worldview

Introduction An educator who possesses a biblical worldview and a Christian philosophy of education means that the instructor views life, life’s purpose, and all of history from the standpoint of the Christian religion. For such an instructor, the Incarnation is the most important moment in all of history, because it is the moment in which God became Man and the beginning of the redemption of mankind was initiated. The biblical worldview incorporates into such a teacher’s perspective the Old Testament conception of human nature: the fall of man, through the first sin; the loss of… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

a sense of a natural law, or one might hold an ethical standard that is based on a philosophy, or one might adopt an ethical position based on one’s religious beliefs. Morality, for me, is more focused on actions: one’s actions may appear moral or immoral, but even here, they might appear moral to some but immoral to others because of the different approaches that people take to ethics and what constitutes rightness and wrongness. For me, ethics is such a big question mark because in today’s day and age, there are so many ethical systems with so many… Continue Reading...

Conducting an Interview with Education Stakeholder

is something about Aristotle: the pros and cons of Aristotelianism in contemporary moral education. Journal of philosophy of Education, 48(1), 48-68. Smith, B. (2013). School-based character education in the United States. Childhood Education, 89(6), 350-355. Stetson, R., Stetson, E., Sinclair, B. & Nix, K. (2012). Home visits: Teacher reflections about relationships, student behavior, and achievement. Issues in Teacher Education, 21(1), 21-37 Continue Reading...

Morality Relativism and Beliefs

McCarthy, L. (2013). Conflicting uses of ‘happiness’ and the human condition.” Educational philosophy and Theory, 45(5), 509-515. Goodman, L. (2010). Some moral minima. The Good Society, 19(1), 87-94. Midgely, M. (1981). Trying out one’s new sword. Chapter Three: Ethical Relativism, 159-165. Rachels, J. (1999). The challenge of cultural relativism. In Elements of Moral philosophy. NY: McGraw-Hill. Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

time unusually educated Black man. Du Bois is associated with the philosophy of the need to elevate the “talented tenth” of African-American society to prominence, to uplift all Black peoples (Du Bois 51). Du Bois was one of the founders of the NAACP, an organization which still exists as an advocate of the rights of African-Americans and as a force against discrimination and prejudice (“NAACP History”). As part of the NAACP, Du Bois was an activist for anti-lynching legislation and also published many new, up-and-coming African-American writers in The Crisis, the NAACP’s publication (“NAACP History”). Q2. “Working Class Hero”… Continue Reading...

Philosophy in Education Being and Inclusiveness

quite different, if they have different, later environmental influences. Dewey’s education philosophy may be seen as reflective of the German philosopher Heidegger’s approach to ontology that suggests existence is a “phenomenon of the future” (Korab-Karpowicz, 2018, par.17). But while Dewey suggested that the individual’s situation affects his or her subjective perceptions and life development, Heidegger instead suggested that “the truth of being” itself is “…where we always come to stand. We find ourselves thrown in a historically conditioned environment, in an epoch in which the decision concerning the prevailing interpretation of the being of being is already made for us”… Continue Reading...

Morals and Ethics in Nursing

about Aristotle: the pros and cons of Aristotelianism in contemporary moral education. Journal of philosophy of Education, 48(1), 48-68. Mill, J. S. (1859). On Liberty. London: John W. Parker and Son, West Strand. Continue Reading...

Information Involving Curriculum Development

life in society. Subject matter. Under this head are included the philosophy and nature of distinct disciplines. Akin to society, the content taught under different disciplines is ever-changing. Educational institutions’ curriculum planning processes ought to taken into account the incorporation of novel findings, structures, topics and so forth significant within the modern societal context. An efficiently-designed curriculum proves crucial to long-run math and ESL competency and confidence development. Thus, ESL and mathematics curricula ought to: · Be planned, developed, assessed and perfected gradually, and in coordination, by academic experts in the ESL and math disciplines · Support learners’ capability of… Continue Reading...

Climate Change and Corporate Environmental Policies

Distributive justice and climate change: The allocation of emission rights. Analyse & Kritik: Journal of philosophy and Social Theory, 28(2), 223-249. Poore, R.Z., Williams, R.S., Jr., and Tracey, C. (2000). Sea level and climate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 002–00, 2. Retrieved from https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs2-00/ Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

the elements of a “set of beliefs or system of thought that contains a theology, philosophy, ethics, biology, psychology, sociology, economics, politics, law and history.”[footnoteRef:12] Secular humanism clearly does not rise to the level of a religion for a number of reasons. While secular humanists espouse a nebulous ethical doctrine and draw on the various sciences listed above (as well as others),[footnoteRef:13] secular humanism as a worldview cannot be regarded as a religion because it fails to include the fundamental concepts of transcendence, the existence of supernatural explanations for otherwise seemingly natural events, or the need for subjugation to… Continue Reading...

Utilitarianism and Environmentalism in Ethics

ethical goals. Moreover, Mill traces the origins of utilitarianism to Epicureanism, the ancient Greek philosophy that stressed the value of higher human pleasures such as the pleasure inherent in learning, freedom, or peace. Once happiness or pleasure is established as a reasonable aim of all ethical theories, then all acts can and should be evaluated purely with regard to whether they cause happiness or whether they cause pain. An act that causes happiness has ethical merit or utility; likewise, an act that causes pain does not have merit or utility. Acts can also be ranked according to how much… Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

the means of production were exploiting their labor by placing arbitrary values on their wages. Nowhere was the philosophy of socialism and communism explained more cogently and rationally than in The Communist Manifesto. Marx and Engels had their finger on the pulse of the social, cultural, and political revolutions taking place throughout Europe. Marx viewed the changes as being evolutionary in nature: as a progression from one type of government to another. Imperialism gave way to capitalism, which in turn would give way to socialism. Industrial capitalism helped dismantle the most familiar political and economic institutions that had prevailed… Continue Reading...

Police Culture

defined as “the set of assumptions, beliefs, expectations, and philosophy that governs the professional’s interactions, performance, and role,” (“The Police Culture and Work Stress,” n.d.). Although each police department will be different, generally the attitudes and beliefs of police are antagonistic and based on the assumption that “people cannot be trusted; they are dangerous,” (Nhan, 2014, p. 1). Other negative attitudes or beliefs that have been attributed to police culture include cynicism, suspicion, authoritarianism, biases, prejudices, and conservatism (McCartney & Parent, 2012, 8.1). There is also a “perception that officers are the lone force that stands between good citizens… Continue Reading...

Hawaiian Education Pedagogy and Critical Pedagogy

politics, policies, and programs. The focus of history needs to shift to the indigenous perspective, the shift of philosophy on Hawaiian ethics and values, and the shift of arts and literature on Hawaiian culture. University organizational culture and structure may also be able to change to reflect Hawaiian values, respecting the need for collaborative leadership and affirmative action. To develop leaders for a Hawaiian place of learning, leaders need access to structures, institutions, and cultures that are meaningful to them and which enable them to put their ideas into action. The organizational culture can change to better reflect Hawaiian… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Leadership and Innovation

1. Description of your leadership philosophy a. Fundamental leadership concept The main emphasis emerging from the transformational leadership concept is for nursing leaders to produce not just constructive but also valuation challenges for their subordinates and followers for the realization of the established organizational objectives. Based on Damirch, Rahimi, and Seyyedi (2011), the famous James MacGregor Burns created this design when researching governmental leaders; nevertheless, its good effect traversed to other fields and areas. In my situation, the importance given to the transformational leadership idea is related to its development of a higher-performing,… Continue Reading...

Bitcoin Essay

transcends the capitalist and neoliberal global market system, bitcoin is practically a philosophy. Also, bitcoin can potentially change the way people value goods and services. The value of a bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency lies mainly in user behavior. As such, bitcoin has transformed the ways people can conduct their financial transactions and place value on the goods and services they trade. Thesis Statement Bitcoin has become an attractive investment because it allows people to bypass government regulations, but the future of cryptocurrencies is uncertain. Body What Is Bitcoin? The creator of bitcoin remains anonymous but uses the alias… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

bad, right and wrong. Throughout history, various cultures have come into existence, shaped by politics, religion, philosophy, technology, and myriad other factors that influence people and perspectives. Cultures can be creative. They can also be self-destructive. For instance, some businesses have exhibited a dangerous workplace culture that ultimately brought the company to its knees. Case in point is the now notorious object lesson that was Enron: a company whose leaders fostered a culture of hubris and get-rich-quick scheming that inevitably led to the corporation’s spectacular blow-up (Mclean & Elkind, 2004). This essay will define culture, discuss culture identity, culture… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

effectively uses vivid imagery to demonstrate the importance of this choice: “If this philosophy had not emerged, I am convinced that by now many streets of the South would be flowing with floods of blood.” The picture of this part of the nation being dominated by rivers of blood that sweep the people away is a compelling one. It paints an ominous picture that there is nothing extreme about non-violent resistance. Violent resistance is extreme and it would be tragic for the society—causing violence, destruction and deaths of those young and old, white and black. ? Quotes “Injustice anywhere… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

Essay on Man.” 3. The birth of America occurred within a specific historical framework and was contingent upon Enlightenment philosophy. When Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence, he did so not out of nowhere, but within the overall context of Enlightenment theory. The Declaration of Independence is frequently considered a political document, but in fact it is also a precursor of Romanticism in literature and a clear exhibition of neoclassicism, too. Romanticism is in fact defined by its revival of classical Greco-Roman themes, which emerge just as much in the arts as in political culture. In the Declaration of… Continue Reading...

Team Building Through Servant Leadership Philosophy Essay

journal articles relating to Team Building through Servant Leadership philosophy. Submit a written analysis (one to two pages) for each article, and attach a copy of the article. Neill, M., Hayward, K., & Peterson, T. (2007). “Students' Perceptions of the Interprofessional Team in Practice Through The Application of Servant Leadership Principles.” Journal of Interprofessional Care, 21(4), 425-432 Neill, Hayward, and Peterson (2007) investigated the perceptions students have concerning interprofessional teams in practice using the principles of servant leadership. The sample that was studied was students from different professions within the health sector, subjected to a similar framework. The students… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Eternal Life Essay

the realm of the moralist -- but then what is philosophy (the study of wisdom) without this question of morality? Socrates posed these questions many years ago in ancient Greece and the answers have been recorded by Plato. They served as the foundation of Western thought. The Christian ethos was erected and its Church's doctrines in conjunction with the philosophy of the Greeks, as St. Thomas Aquinas shows in the Summa Theologica. These questions are just as relevant today as they were in the Middle Ages or in classical antiquity. This indicates that human nature has not changed. Humans… Continue Reading...

Leadership Essay (free Example)

Mean to Me? I.  What Does Leadership Mean to You? J.  Personal Leadership philosophy III.  Conclusion Title:  Effective Leadership Skills and How to Acquire Them This essay describes the meaning of leadership and defines the characteristics and qualities of effective leaders.  It discusses the manner in which leadership skills can be developed and assesses the importance of leadership in organizations seeking to achieve specific aims.  Leadership styles, such as servant leadership and transformational leadership, are analyzed and qualities such as boldness, good judgment and emotional intelligence are examined to show how they support effective leadership.  The paper concludes with a discussion of… Continue Reading...

Five Principles Of Management

given to individuals and their self-interest. Economic changes resulted in a social ethic atmosphere, widening management philosophy’s role where the belief was that yield and efficacy was linked to the workforce’s sense of security, belongingness and accomplishment. Mayo’s efforts are a marker skilfully analyzing employee behavior and establishing that organization constitutes a set of relationships of an informal nature at several levels, with a key element being communication (Narula, n.d). The seven-year-long experiment revealed numerous psychological and sociological factors that contributed significantly to organization, besides physical conditions. Mayo’s model diverged from conventional models in its basic organizational approach. Mayo’s… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality Of Intellectual Property Rights

Retrieved April 21, 2018 from https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20100519/0404029486.shtml Moore, A. & Himma, K. (2014) Intellectual property. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved April 21, 2018 from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/intellectual-property/#GenCriIntPro Sonderholm, J. (2010) Ethical issues surrounding intellectual property rights. philosophy Compass. Vol. 5 (12) 1107-1115. Taylor, M. (2013) Hiding your research behind a paywall is immoral. The Guardian. Retrieved April 21, 2018 from https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2013/jan/17/open-access-publishing-science-paywall-immoral Continue Reading...

The Interaction Of Capitalism and Industrialization America and China a Comparison

the wealthiest. Bibliography Landauer, Jeff, and Joseph Rowlands. \\"Definition of Capitalism.\\" Importance Of philosophy. Last modified 2001. http://www.importanceofphilosophy.com/Politics_Capitalism.html. Loc.gov. \\"Child Labor in the Canning Industry of Maryland (Library of Congress).\\" Home | Library of Congress. Accessed April 30, 2018. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/static/data/nclc/resources/images/canneries3.pdf. Zedong, Mao. Selected Works, in Sources of Chinese Tradition, 2nd ed., vol. 2, edited by Wm. Theodore de Bary and Richard Lufrano (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000), pp. 422–23. Tignor, Robert, Jeremy Adelman, Stephen Aron, Stephen Kotkin, Suzanne Marchand, Gyan Prakash, and Michael Tsin. Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World from the Beginnings of Humankind to the Present. The Mongol… Continue Reading...

Four Advantages Of Community Policing

The idea of community policing is guided by a philosophy grounded in certain principles (Coquilhat, 2008). The principles are anchored on the thought that if there are positive changes now, communities will be guaranteed safety in the future. It is about cooperation and agreeing to work so that specific objectives that are commonly agreed on can be achieved. The concept of community policing is meant to move policing services closer to the people; with the people contributing towards the strategies employed in achieving the policing objectives. According to Palmitto, community policing is a game that… Continue Reading...

The Declaration Of Independence and Freedom

was the state and the laws of the state—which is why socio-economic and political philosophy became so important. What gave people their “freedom,” however, was still debated. The nature of freedom in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was considered a natural right in some cases and a divine right in others. For example, when it was useful, people appealed to the idea of a Creator endowing people with certain “unalienable rights” and when nature was viewed as the source of life, the rights of man were considered something that just was. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and… Continue Reading...

Diversity Training in Law Enforcement

Reflection As Hosner and Gomila (2008) point out, “Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime” (p. 17). The officer I interviewed said that community policing was a top priority in his department because the city had experienced racial issues in the past and community policing was meant to help alleviate the symptoms of racial tension. The police officer was able to build trust among the different… Continue Reading...

Why My Vote Matters Essay

Introduction When elections are won or lost by a large majority, it can give people, particularly young people, the impression that their votes don’t matter. They see the situation as very simple: the outcome would be the same regardless or not if they had exercised their one vote or not. However, this attitude is not only damaging and cultivates a dangerous sense of apathy, it also is very incorrect. In states that are overwhelmingly red or blue, it really can feel like your vote is lost in a sea that is either with you or against you. And as one… Continue Reading...

Dead Man Walking and Capital Punishment

with others. All humans have the right to life, and there’s nothing in philosophy that necessarily dictates that humans have the right to seize that right from other humans. Furthermore, many of the ways that humans are put to death via capital punishment can actually be quite painful. There also hasn’t been adequate research that killing people actually deters others from engaging in criminal activity. If a punishment is decent, then it should actually have a positive impact on society. Capital punishment doesn’t teach anyone anything. As we saw with Tim Robbins’ film, some prisoners can in fact be… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

Methods 3(1): 42-55. Horrigan-Kelly, M., Millar, M., & Dowling, M. (2016). Understanding the key tenets of Heidegger’s philosophy for interpretive phenomenological research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods 2016: 1-8. Reiners, G.M. (2012). Understanding the differences between Husserl’s (descriptive) and Heidegger’s (interpretive) phenomenological research. Journal of Nursing and Care 1(5): doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000119 Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Manifest Destiny

identity (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). Manifest Destiny refers to both a philosophy and a strategy: a means of crafting the notion of American exceptionalism as well as the methods used to construct American geo-political power. The geographic shape of the United States today owes itself to the principles and widespread embrace of Manifest Destiny, in which Washington laid claim to lands that had to be taken by force, from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 through to the acquisition of Texas and northern Mexico, to the takeover of Hawaii. The consequences of Manifest Destiny continue to reverberate more than two… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

can take a variety of forms. Teachers can use philosophy to educate the hearts and minds and wills of students (Kristjansson, 2014). They can use praise to boost the esteem and confidence of students so that students learn to respect themselves and their teachers and thus conform to behavioral expectations that they know will make themselves and their teachers proud (Floress et al., 2017). They can engage in relationship building, both in and outside the classroom in order to help students to have a sense of self-worth and to have the support they require to make good decisions for… Continue Reading...

Rhetorical Analysis Of Alicia Garza’s Herstory

Although the article would be more effective if detailed data or statistics were used, Garza effectively clarifies the #BlackLivesMatter philosophy and responds to critics of the movement using rhetorical strategies like pathos, ethos, and logos. Garza writes “A Herstory” to respond to attempts to appropriate the movement’s core slogan or even to say “all lives matter.” According to Garza, it is essential to draw attention specifically to Black lives. Writing to an audience Garza presumes to be white, the author points out that #BlackLivesMatter “doesn’t mean your life isn’t important—it means that Black lives...are important to your liberation,” (3).… Continue Reading...

The Counselor Client Relationship at Work

guiding ethical principles that should shape a rehabilitation professional’s philosophy toward a client (Beauchamp & Childress, 2001; Flite & Harman, 2013). Beneficence is the main ethical principle and serves as the foundation for the others. It refers to the idea that a professional promotes the well being of others, especially the client, through positive engagement with an eye towards doing no harm. The ethical principle of autonomy follows, which refers the respect for the autonomy of the client that the professional rehabilitator should have, allowing the client to make his or her own decisions and not trying to force… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism Psychoanalysis and Hte Psychology

core values. Historical Context and Rationale Although inquiries into the human experience can be traced through the disciplines of philosophy and religion, the first scientific, empirical studies of human nature and behavior began more concertedly in the nineteenth century. William Wundt opened the first real laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychology in 1879, signifying the birth of the scientific study of psychology prior to its fragmentation into different empirical disciplines (Baker & Sperry, 2018). Following initial forays into structural and functional analyses of the human mind, researchers began to take varying approaches including those that focused on the internal or subjective experiences… Continue Reading...

Emergency Management and National, State, County, and Local Responses

recovery. This four phases of the disaster response framework reflects the philosophy that ideally preventing disasters, both natural and manmade, is ideal. But at present it is not realistic to assume that all disasters can be prevented, and thus there are mitigation and protection strategies to deal with this fact. Depending on the nature of the organization, more of its efforts may be devoted to one of the four phases, but effective management still requires every relief agency to be at least somewhat aware of and involved in participating all phases of such efforts. The four phases, although they… Continue Reading...

Cow’s Milk and Human Consumption

blood types process milk very well, and others should avoid it (D’Adamo, 2002). While many doctors have dismissed this philosophy as merely anecdotal science, most people with the blood type considered ideal for dairy consumption (blood type b) seldom report having issues consuming cow’s milk. References Capretto, L. (2010). The Health Benefits of Milk. Retrieved from http://www.oprah.com/food/the-health-benefits-of-milk/all D'adamo, P. J., & D'Adamo, P. (2002). Eat right for your type. Penguin. Feskanich, D., Willett, W. C., Stampfer, M. J., & Colditz, G. A. (1996). Protein Consumption and Bone Fractures in Women. American Journal of Epidemiology, 143(5), 472-479. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a008767 Houston, M. C. (2011). The Importance of Potassium in Managing Hypertension. Current Hypertension Reports, 13(4), 309-317. doi:10.1007/s11906-011-0197-8… Continue Reading...

Body Mind and Soul in the Cancer Ward Wit

moments by reading a children’s book provides her the greatest solace more than her philosophy and more than intellectualism. Bearin embarked upon an academic career because she was primarily interested in the life of the mind, not the body. The central irony of the play is that she is being killed by her own body with ovarian cancer. Ultimately, human beings are unable to escape the body in the form of death. The play is thus structured on a series of binaries or oppositions, including body versus mind. The only way out of this particular binary is that of… Continue Reading...

Systems Thinking in New Product Development

products developed in companies without systems thinking as a core philosophy. Research Hypothesis The research hypothesis for this study is that products developed using systems thinking are on average more successful than products developed without systems thinking. Originality There is a fairly sizable body of literature on systems thinking and a lot of literature again about new product development. Yet, there is little literature that links the two. This, even though in practice there should be significant linkages. There are many companies that actually utilize systems thinking, and apply it to their new product development, yet again there is… Continue Reading...

Government Intervention Essay

become dependence on some one else for support in slack times.”6  Ford’s argument was based on experience and the philosophy of American Transcendentalism:  self-reliance.  Ford stated he had always had to work, whether anyone would hire him or not.  When no one else would employ him, he would employ himself.  He did not like the idea of government handing out jobs to others just for the sake of them having jobs.  If there were no jobs to be had, one should go out and make one for oneself—that was Ford’s idea and it is right in line with Emerson’s… Continue Reading...

Utilitarianism

(Mill, 2008). References A History of Utilitarianism. (2014). Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/ Mill, J. S. (2008). Utilitariansim. Copyright: Jonathan Bennett.   Continue Reading...

Situation when Doing Good Is Wrong

become paralyzed, suffer severe bleeding, or aggravate spinal injuries. Looking at Kant’s moral philosophy, assisting the accident victim would be done out of duty and not gain anything in return. Therefore, the person assisting the accident victim would be doing what they consider to be morally right (Köllen, 2016). However, since they do not have the proper training on how best to handle such a situation, they might end up hurting the victim further. The motivation of the act is what determines if the individual is acting from duty or in accordance with duty. The individual helping an injured person… Continue Reading...

Phenomenological Design

model to follow according to which design actions are taken” (Groenewald, 2004, p.44). Phenomenology: philosophy Phenomenology has a strong grounding in the philosophical orientation of the Enlightenment. It is predicated upon a belief that observing experience can yield valuable insights. Unlike quantitative research designs, however, which begin with a research hypothesis in the format of the scientific method or a data-derived research question that can be answered in a narrow fashion, phenomenology is more general in its approach and focuses upon simply understanding and observing a particular phenomenon in a variety of ways. According to Groenewald (2004), “the operative word… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Peer Response

Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. Roger Crisp. http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam032/99036947.pdf Hursthouse, R. (2016). Virtue ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/#FormVirtEthi Sandel, M.J. (2004). The case against perfection. The Atlantic. April 2004. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2004/04/the-case-against-perfection/302927/ “Traditional Theories of Ethics,” (n.d.). Continue Reading...

Virtue Ethics Responses

and magnanimity. References Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. Roger Crisp. http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam032/99036947.pdf Hursthouse, R. (2016). Virtue ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/#FormVirtEthi Sandel, M.J. (2004). The case against perfection. The Atlantic. April 2004. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2004/04/the-case-against-perfection/302927/ “Traditional Theories of Ethics,” (n.d.). Continue Reading...

Subjective Knowing in Phenomenological Studies

is imperfectly derived, about something beyond the observer’s mind. Reference Beyer, C. (2016). Edmund Husserl. The Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from: . Q2. Heidegger\\'s concept of fallenness was appropriated by philosophical Christian theologians such as Karl Jaspers as a way of explaining the relationship between reality and our fallen condition as humans. Jaspers, in particular, implied that objectivity resulting from the scientific method could not explain all human knowing. Indeed, modern psychological inquiry into religious experience has shown that such experience may be personal by nature, not easily reduced to delineated objects of science. Does this perspective, namely, the subjective… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against the Existence Of God

“Anselm: Ontological Argument for God's Existence” Internet Encyclopedia of philosophy, [online] available: https://www.iep.utm.edu/ont-arg/.] [3: Joseph H. Pearson, “The Cambridge Companion to Anselm/Anselm of Canterbury and His Theological Inheritance/Anselm of Canterbury: The Beauty of Theology.” Anglican Theological Review 88 (1, Winter 2006), 107.] While the seemingly legitimate argument can be made that the existence of God can be proven by “just looking around,” theologians and laypersons alike are vitally interested in delving further into the issue in ways that can provide more concrete evidence to support this view. As Jesus made clear in Luke 4:12, though, “It is said: 'Do… Continue Reading...

Feminist Ethical Virtues Versus Masculine

Three ethical virtues that are elicited by a feminist ethical philosophy include caring, empathy, and collaboration. Gilligan (1982) and especially Noddings (2010) traces the evolution of these three virtues to biology, claiming that their maternal instinct predisposes females of any species to exhibit traits that promote the behaviors that sustain families. Caring, empathy, and collaboration promote family cohesion and communitarian lifestyles, which are conducive to child rearing. Contrast these three classically “feminine” virtues with traditionally male ethical ideals like individualism, cunning, and power and it is clear how political, social,… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

being the Greek word for ‘duty’ and ‘logos’ meaning ‘study/ science of’. Within the context of modern ethical philosophy, the normative theory of deontology involves prohibited, allowed, or ethically incumbent choices. That is, deontology is categorized under those ethical theories which drive and evaluate one’s choice of what one should do (i.e., deontic theories), as opposed to virtue/aretaic theories which drive and evaluate the type of individual one is or ought to be. In the context of ethical theories involving choice assessment, deontologists and consequentialists maintain opposite stands (Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy, 2016). Deontological Ethics or Deontology represents an… Continue Reading...

The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

and most perplexing paradox of the nature of human happiness. Works Cited Driver, Julia. “The History of Utilitarianism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy. 2009. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/ Fournier, Denise. “The Inescapable Importance of Acceptance.” Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mindfully-present-fully-alive/201711/the-inescapable-importance-acceptance Le Guin, Ursula. “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas.” Continue Reading...

How Scientific Research Works

skepticism or even in the sort of belief that was popular in the Age of Faith, philosophy tends to act as a foundation or framework for many. The scientific community, moreover, is not immune to philosophical frameworks. At times they apply them because there is nothing else to do. As Kuhn (1972) notes, “it is, I think, particularly in periods of acknowledged crisis that scientists have turned to philosophical analysis as a device for unlocking the riddles of their field” (p. 88). In times of normal science, Kuhn asserts, scientists tend not to act like philosophers. Generally the crisis… Continue Reading...

Recruiting Candidates and Interview Types

interviewer may describe the day-to-day work responsibilities and the general company philosophy.  He or she may then ask you a series of questions regarding your past educational, co-curricular, and work experiences” (“Types of Interview,” 2018, par.1). Unstructured interviews have the advantage of letting the candidate reveal more of his or her personality but unfortunately can also result in wildly different types of interviews for the same position, making candidates difficult to compare. References 6 interview types you must know as a candidate. (2018). The Undercover Recruiter. Retrieved from: https://theundercoverrecruiter.com/6-interview-types-you-must-know-candidate/ Types of interview. (2018). Drexel. Retrieved from: http://drexel.edu/scdc/professional-pointers/interviewing/interview-types/   Continue Reading...

Film I Am

questions that guide the entire 80 minutes film that engages different authority figures in various fields like religion, philosophy and science. Having produced several other blockbusters, majorly in the comical side of production, Shadyac here comes up with a totally different thought provoking film that tackles reality in life rather than injecting fun into lives. This shift in paradigm was occasioned by the real life experience that Shadyac had. He was involved in a bike accident there after suffered Post Concussion Syndrome, a condition that incapacitated him. Though Shadyac later recovered from this condition, it was an awakening call… Continue Reading...

Rope 1948 Film

the sentence hearing of Leopold and Loeb, the actions of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb could indeed be a philosophy that the two picked from university. Leopold and Loeb, like Brandon and Philip in the movie, are responsible for the murder of Robert who is 14 at the time of his murder. In this case, Darrow theorizes that the crime committed by Leopold and Loeb is not a crime of their own design but an influence from an outside force. The outside force in this case includes not only their teacher(s) at the university, but the society at large… Continue Reading...

Psychology Phenomenology Descriptive Qualitative Methods

the evolution of phenomenological psychology include Amadeo Giorgi, who clearly explicated the contributions of existential philosophy to phenomenological psychology, claiming that, “phenomenological thought is important for all aspects of psychology,” (p. 6). Thus, phenomenological psychology intended to fuse the principles of existential philosophy and the need to search for deeper meanings in the human experience with the need for systematic, qualitative methods for the study of those experiences and psychic phenomena. A more humanistic direction was taken by Carl Rogers. Although known primarily for his contributions to humanistic psychology, Rogers also veered towards phenomenology as a method in some… Continue Reading...

Do Not Resuscitate Orders

(Vol. 4, No. 2, p. 24). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute. Sen, A. (1983). Evaluator relativity and consequential evaluation.  philosophy & Public Affairs, 113-132. Weissman, D. E. (1999). Do not resuscitate orders: a call for reform. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 2(2), 149-152. Yuen, J. K., Reid, M. C., & Fetters, M. D. (2011). Hospital do-not-resuscitate orders: why they have failed and how to fix them. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 26(7), 791-797. Continue Reading...

Ethical Communication and Social Media

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/11/601323233/6-facts-we-know-about-fake-news-in-the-2016-election Tompkins, P. S. (2019). Practicing communication ethics development, discernment, and decision making. Utm.edu. (n.d.). Ethics | Internet Encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from https://www.iep.utm.edu/ethics/#SH2c West, D. M. (2017, December 18). How to combat fake news and disinformation. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/how-to-combat-fake-news-and-disinformation/   Continue Reading...

A Problem Statement for Education

opposite in terms of disposition, leadership style, and educational philosophy. The new Principal, called Skinner for purposes of maintaining anonymity, introduced a series of relatively radical changes to both organizational culture and pedagogy. Several of the younger teachers embraced and celebrated these changes, while a large cohort of tenured teachers resisted these changes. The proposed changes included introducing new technologies into many classrooms that previously had no technological component including English courses, building five bilingual courses into the curriculum with a ten-year plan of having the state’s first fully bilingual study program, changing the type and frequency of staff… Continue Reading...

How Modern Medicine Was Developed

disease as being caused by an imbalance in the body. Galenic notions were intertwined with philosophy, which was aimed at answering the Socratic question "How should a person live a good life?" Therefore, the Galenic physicians were required to have mastered philosophy and this meant that they employed more of philosophy on their diagnosis, prognosis, and therapy. It is for this reason that most of the physicians believed that a disease was caused by an excess or deficiency in the body. The main goals for treatment were to restore the proper balance of the patient's body. The physicians were… Continue Reading...

American Literature Identity What It Means to Be

possesses in terms of race, class, and gender identity and politics, the transcendentalist philosophy undergirds so much of American consciousness that it has come to define the nation perhaps more than any other aspect of national identity. Angelou’s work inspires readers to reconsider what it means to be American, taking a considerable amount of power away from white male hegemony to show that true equality lies in the struggle to be free. When Emerson published “Self Reliance,” a woman, let alone a woman of color, was unable to vote or take part in her own self-determination, her own self-reliance… Continue Reading...

Compensation and Benefits the Modern Workplace

not offer free food or other unique perks. Its philosophy is that it pays employees enough that they should be able to afford its relatively pricey cafeteria food, if they desire to eat it (Lashinsky, 2012). Employee Expectations Despite the existence of companies like Google, overall, companies have been offering substantially smaller benefits packages. Employees are being offered less generous healthcare benefits packages and must manage their own 401K, if they company offers one at all (Cain, 2017). Pensions at private corporations are virtually a thing of the past. Employees still bring certain expectations to the workplace, even if… Continue Reading...

Bill Gates As an Ethical Leader

to frustrate or exhaust individuals lacking the zeal he possessed. Many were critical of his corporate philosophy – champions of free-of-cost “open-source” software view him as a covetous tyrant who benefitted immensely from things perfected and jealously protected, though seldom invented, by him. But ever since he left Microsoft, his reputation has considerably improved; it is quite likely that his philanthropic efforts will help define his historic standing just as much as Microsoft. At present, he is commonly seen making clever, vehement public speeches and television appearances to support some or other cause — almost a complete opposite image… Continue Reading...

Comparing and Contrasting Dada and Surrealism

the Dada movement, which was also influenced by Marxist theory and nihilist philosophy (“Dada and Surrealism,” 1). Surrealism emerged as the artistic counterpart and synthesis of the flourishing of psychoanalysis, spiritualism, and secular humanism during and after World War II (Ades and Gale 1). The turning inward of psychoanalysis and the Jungian dream landscape characterized surrealism, making it an inadvertent predecessor to the psychedelic counterculture movement of the 1960s. Dada tended to be more extraverted, concerned with political, social, and economic institutions and their implications for human potential. However, neither Dada nor surrealism would make any overt, literal statements… Continue Reading...

Popper S Logic Of Science

to escape and find solace in the simpler speculations of philosophy. But science is an expression of philosophy, ultimately—at least the pursuit of science is an expression of how one perceives the study of wisdom. Popper poses the question of whether philosophy has a right to exist at all—but leaves it unanswered in favor of a digression on how philosophy only addresses pseudo-problems in the eyes of positivists: “Time and again an entirely new philosophical movement arises which finally unmasks the old philosophical problems as pseudo-problems, and which confronts the wicked nonsense of philosophy with the good sense of… Continue Reading...

What Did Goya Paint

on the Continent as the Old World values were swept away be Enlightenment philosophy and Romantic dreams. Redon lived to reflect the aftermath of that era: his symbolist paintings show a world that is half-mad, yet totally focused on itself and its grandiose ideas. Together, Goya and Redon cover three centuries of thought and activity in Europe. Goya’s Saturn Devouring His Son (1819-1823) and Redon’s The Smiling Spider (1887) both show strangeness in the extreme and depict a frightening aspect of the world that is at once nightmarish and bizarrely humorous. This paper will provide an analysis of Goya’s… Continue Reading...

Fascism and Communism in Perspective

in the progressive movements of the turn of 20the Century. They both believed in the philosophy of pragmatism, that thought is tool that needs and can be used to inspire action and change. They believed that the reality can be molded and knowledge can be harnessed for social betterment. Both leaders charmed their way into the hearts of many of their citizens, who were convinced to view their dictatorship as a necessary and useful social experiment. In as much as both the ideologies described themselves as being diametric opposites, in a matter of fact, the two ideologies were similar… Continue Reading...

Rousseau Social Contract Theory

existing as an unprotected person. [9: Christopher Bertram, Routledge philosophy Guidebook to Rousseau and the Social Contract (London: Routledge, 2004), 91.] The same can be said for mandatory vaccination. Mandatory vaccination means safeguarding the health of the public.[footnoteRef:10] The government remains in charge of safeguarding the public from health epidemics like contagious diseases. By relinquishing the option of vaccinating a child, the public gains protection from disease that comes from not vaccinating. [10: Norman Daniels, Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007)] Universal healthcare is another key issue people often find difficult to support due… Continue Reading...

The Importance Of Communications As a Critical Infrastructure

strategic partnerships. Stakeholders in all industries and sectors can take heed of the overall philosophy and principle embedded in the National Strategy to organize and implement its own relevant plan. The Department of Homeland Security offers guidance when individual sectors develop their sector-specific plan, with the communications plan offered on the DHS (2015) website. The DHS (2015) outlines three main goals, with more specific advice given for interacting with other critical infrastructure partners, how to achieve risk management objectives, and how to assess resilience. While the document may need to be updated, it does offer a general overview of how… Continue Reading...

Goethe and Romanticism

Oxford Handbook of European Romanticism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Richards, R.J. (2002). The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and philosophy in the Age of Goethe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Smith, N.H. (2009). The Anti?romanticism of Goethe. Renaissance and Modern Studies, 2(1), 69-73. Continue Reading...

Communism in Latin America

in Marxism and Communism, which are atheistic and materialistic in nature. Plato advocated philosophy and movement towards the higher reality. Communism instead focused on centralism and state control over the affairs of man, viewing itself as capable of setting the Ideal and living up to it. For the Marxists of Latin America, they had “dispensed with the idea of God and, accordingly, [were] forced to turn elsewhere to explain the origin and nature of man. Consequently, [they] adopted materialism” (Martin, 2006, p. 156). The Left of Latin America viewed man as “an evolutionary animal, the highest of the animals,… Continue Reading...

President Thomas Jefferson and Servant Leadership

are needed in all organizations? I think servant leaders are needed in all organizations. Servant leadership is a philosophy and a group of practices that improves the lives of people, build better organizations, and in the end generates a world that is more caring and equitable. Servant leaders are necessitated in all organization as it generates more stronger and effective leaders owing to the fact that the individuals within the organization are able to learn both the fellow employees but also the community that is around them (Heskett, 2013). Furthermore, servant leaders are not only more highly looked upon than… Continue Reading...

Total Quality Management

remiss in their quality assurance measures. Wal-Mart, for example, has neglected some important components of the Juran philosophy (Kuei, 1998, p. 21)—the most noticeable of which is a dearth of managerial presence on its sales floor. There is a poignant similitude between this chain and Sprint’s chain; the managerial concerns of the latter are seemingly focused on profit margins as opposed to quality assurance. Sprint directs customers to 800 numbers instead of directly assuaging any issues; Wal-Mart is perpetually understaffed and regularly disorganized. The Solution The solution is to organize each of these retailers in a way in which… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of an Organizational Vision

Analysis of an Organizational Vision Describe the company and its vision statement. Toyota Motor Corporation, established in 1937, is an automotive company that has grown to become one of the biggest organizations in the world. Toyota designs, manufactures, assembles and retails vehicles in approximately 190 nations and regions across the globe. Toyota Motor Corporation is a multinational corporation with its main center of operations situated in Aichi, Japan. Since its establishment, the corporation had significantly grown and developed to become the largest car manufacturer in the world. The vision statement of Toyota is: “Toyota will lead the way to the… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

Criminal Law and Psychopathy I. Introduction Various studies have in the past indicated that there is a high correlation between violence/criminal behavior and psychopathy. This would largely be expected given that psychological studies into the character and disposition of psychopaths has demonstrated that the need for control (or power) as well as egocentrism, which also happen to be the dominant character traits of psychopaths, are predictors for deviant or antisocial behavior. The debate on whether or not psychopaths should be held criminally responsible for their acts, and thus be subjected to criminal punishment, has been raging for a long time.… Continue Reading...

Catholic Social Teaching Peace Building

arise. While some peace building activities can seem straightforward in their approach, philosophy, and implementation, many reveal the fissures deep within a society that prevent the efficacy of intervention. The Church has always been oriented towards social justice. Therefore, peace building must be one of the cornerstones of Church action. Peace building functions effectively as a “soft power,” as Sullivan and Pagnucco (2014) point out (p. 115). A soft power allows the Church to conduct specific peace building activities without being directly involved with power brokering or formal politics. The Church could, however, serve as mediator or advocate to… Continue Reading...

Policy Implementation Dietary Guidelines

are good for the health. The revised recommendations reflect a change in philosophy, versus recommendations based upon earlier studies which had found an elevated risk in heart disease due to dietary consumption of cholesterol-containing foods (Goldman, 2015). But the relationship of diet and cholesterol is much more complicated. After all, the human body naturally produces cholesterol. Individual responses can vary, as seen in studies of egg consumption in individuals, not all of whom exhibit the expected spike in cholesterol, even after excessive daily intake (Goldman, 2015). There is an indication of increased biosynthesis of cholesterol in overweight versus normal weight… Continue Reading...

Expressionism and Noir

(2000). Black on white: Film noir and the epistemology of race in recent African-American cinema. Journal of Social philosophy, 31(1), 82-116. Gloria, A. (1987). Borderlands / La Frontera. San Francisco: Spinsters/Aunt Lute. Mark, B. (1999). “Private Knowledge, Public Space: Investigation and Navigation in Devil in a Blue Dress.” Cinema Journal 39(1), 74–89. Micheaux, O (Producer/Director). (1920). Within our gates [Motion Picture]. United States. Nicolaides, S (Producer) & Singleton, J (Director). (1991). Boys n the hood [Motion Picture]. United States. Oliver, K., & Trigo, B. (2003). Noir anxiety. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Scruggs, C. (2004). The pastoral and the… Continue Reading...

Nursing Turnover and Leadership

is to provide quality care to the patients. The approach that best fits my personality and professional philosophy of nursing is to get to know directly from the nurses why they want to get out of the field or leave the facility. I would want to conduct personal interviews with the staff routinely to see how everyone is feeling, whether they are positive or negative about the workplace. I would want to conduct exit interviews to see why a nurse is leaving, and I would want to stay on top of the situation and create a culture in the workplace… Continue Reading...

Macintyre S Theory Of Practice

is kind of utilitarian principle involved that could be rooted in Mill’s philosophy, as it expounds on the notion of the common good as well.[footnoteRef:7] [6: Ibid 191.] [7: John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism. Second edition, Hackett Publishing, 2001.] In conclusion, the connection between practice and virtue according to MacIntyre is based on the pursuit of internal rather than external goods. External goods when pursued in practice do not depend upon the implementation or development of any virtue related to the practice itself. The main motivation is the possession of some property that can be obtained via the practice but… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

civilian courts, in terms of procedure and also in terms of political philosophy; unlike civilian trials they can take place behind closed doors, barring access to the Fifth Estate. Therefore, when considering where terrorist suspects should be tried, the answer rests with clarifying what the intended goals of the trial are: to err on the side of caution even if it means convicting the innocent and overriding the principles of human rights; or to err on the side of human rights even if it means risking the release of a terrorist. Pros cons of each tribunal Generally, those in… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

Boston: Elsevier/AP, Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier Levy, N. (2013). Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. (N. Levy, Ed.), Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. Oxford University Press National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131726109338398 Nutt, D. J. N. L (2018). Addiction. S.l.: Oxford University Press. Robbins, T. W., & Clark, L. (2015, February 1). Behavioral addictions. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2014.09.005   Continue Reading...

How to Explain the Existence Of Evil

moral lives. However, the possible world exists mainly as an idea in philosophy to distinguish between the real world that we experience as a result of original sin and the possible world that had been planned for us by God and that we would have experienced in paradise had we obeyed and not sinned, as our first parents did. 9. Why doesn’t Aquinas simply define omnipotence as the power to do anything, period? What problems is Aquinas aware of and trying to avoid by defining omnipotence as he does? God can do anything—i.e., He is omnipotent—in so far as… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Inquiries and the Nature Of Science

taking into account what some renown physicist recently commented on philosophy. Stephen Hawking for instance is on a campaign to tarnish philosophers. He might not be so convincing in whatever points he puts across, but he is winning the heart of the public by his jokes on philosophers. Jokes have for a long time been known to really move the masses. His most recent book, The Grand Design, co authored by Leonard Mlodinow, starts by scrutinizing the nature of reality, the beginning of all things and the purpose of God. He then claims these to be matters of philosophy,… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

of this paper as it focuses on empirical data and scientific methods. This philosophy believes that world is made up of regularities, which can be pinpointed, and one can infer knowledge simply through observation. This method is superior to critical realism or interpretivist because positivism refocuses the researcher on general rules. Positivism can be viewed as a branch of epistemology, as epistemology is a sector of science that often encapsulates the range of approaches used to understand the mysteries of existence, and is by definition the science of knowledge and of elucidating the scientific path (Roots, 2007). Positivism can… Continue Reading...

Managing the Automation Industry

conception of lean manufacturing was pioneered and advanced in Toyota. Imperatively, the main objective of lean philosophy is to accomplish the eradication of all waste and better customer care. Notably, lean manufacturing is centered on a system where the eradication of waste is perceived as a key objective. In lean manufacturing, Toyota makes certain that seven wastes are eradicated. i. One of the key wastes is overproduction. This is largely costly to the automotive manufacturing facilities for the reason that it hinders the smooth and easy flow of materials and in actual fact damages the levels of quality and… Continue Reading...

Plato S Theory Of Ideas

theory of ideas should not be considered a priori, as they are not the cause of knowledge. philosophy was for Plato a way to arrive at general principles. He admitted that not every is capable of recollecting the Ideas that are imprinted on the soul—but if this were so, then certainly those ideas would not be a priori. Nonetheless, Plato stated that it was the philosopher’s job to teach those who could not recollect on their own, for the ideas of “justice or temperance or any of the higher ideas which are precious to souls” (418) must be communicated. This… Continue Reading...

Plato and Aristotle on Passion

must be well known among all students and scholars of philosophy that both Plato and Aristotle have a high regard for reason. But what is their view on passion? It might be surprising to learn that neither philosopher holds a negative view of passion in and of itself—what both do, however, point out is that passion should be subservient to reason. Passion that is governed by reason is certainly not a bad thing, for either philosopher, and what is more important is that some passions or emotions should be promoted over others (Urmson; Taylor). The problem that most moderns… Continue Reading...

Sartre's Existentialism Is a Humanism

fashion Man.” Sartre argues in his lecture that Christians opposed his philosophy of existentialism because it was immoral and thus pessimistic, but Sartre contended that it was neither. This paper will determine the extent to which one may view “Existentialism is a Humanism” as a pessimistic work. Sartre (1946) stated the main problem in the beginning of the lecture that he wished to address: “From the Christian side, we are reproached as people who deny the reality and seriousness of human affairs. For since we ignore the commandments of God and all values prescribed as eternal, nothing remains but… Continue Reading...

Nursing Metaparadigm

Wit: Susie’s Nursing Metaparadigm One of the pivotal characters in the movie Wit (2001) is that of Susie Monahan. Susie a nurse who has little knowledge of the poetry of John Donne so dear to the protagonist Vivian Bearing. Yet Susie shows expert mastery of the role of a healthcare provider in relation to her patients. Regarding the nursing paradigm of patient, environment, health, and nursing, Susie again and again demonstrates that she regards the patient as central in the ethical responsibilities of the nurse (Nikfarid, et al., 2018). Other characters, particularly the physicians and researchers handling Vivian’s case, place… Continue Reading...

Defining the Term Morality

Cited Gert, Bernard. “The Definition of Morality.” Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy, 2016. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/morality-definition/ Google. “Morality.” https://www.google.com/search?q=definition+of+morality&oq=definition+of+morality&aqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.3159j1j4&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8 Ross, Kelley. The Fallacies of Moralism and Moral Aestheticism. http://www.friesian.com/poly-1b.htm   Continue Reading...

Mao Zedong and Defense Philosophy

involved are offensive and aligned with the Mao (1965) philosophy. Mao (1965) is famously remembered for proposing offensive methods for attaining defensive ends. PLA has a plan to develop capabilities that will make it possible for them to carry out strategies of sea denial (Holmes &Yoshihara, 2005). China is on a mission to buy arms from Russia since the 90s as well as exploring their indigenous programs. The outcome for this undertaking is more combat power in the offensive as prescribed by Mao (1965). China has adequate platforms to support their sea denial strategy including their complex submarines, cruise… Continue Reading...

Dante: a Life by R.w.b. Lewis

gentle woman who showed compassion to him was but a representation of philosophy and not a reference to a real woman. It was as though Beatrice was still in his mind, glaring at him for daring to include another woman in his writing—when he had made such a spectacle of himself by attempting to court her, Beatrice, in real life in Florence when she was alive. Still, there is one other poem in which Dante references another woman with whom he committed some error—Parole mei—and it shows that there is perhaps a pattern in Dante’s writing of his falling… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

sands of relativism show as much. Numerous examples abound: Enron, Bear Stearns, AIG, and so on. Conclusion Whitehead’s process philosophy—i.e., the belief that change and “becoming” serve as the foundation for reality and thus for ethics—can be sharply contrasted with Kant’s categorical imperative—i.e., the belief that universals exist and can be objectively known. Whitehead is rooted in relativism, while Kant is rooted in classical objectivism. Businesses can and must have ethical standards, despite the fact that businesses are not moral agents, because they are governed by moral agents—human beings—who must consider their duty to all stakeholders, the ends of their actions,… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Fallacies

of J. S. Mill, who developed the philosophical position of utilitarianism (Stanford, 2014). Mill’s utilitarian philosophy is that to determine the greatest good for society, one should look at how the action will affect the greatest number of people. while utilitarianism may provide a pragmatic solution towards the common good and justice, its longevity and rightness must be called into question. If the “good” it promises is inconsistent with the true good, then the philosophy is disadvantageous. If it is rooted in the concept of the true good—rather than in utility—then, of course it ceases to be utilitarianism. The… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

Age of Reason was an Age in which natural philosophy assumed the vaulted position of guiding light over the preceding Age of Faith, which had served as the socio-political basis in Europe for centuries. The Reformation had upended the Age of Faith and introduced secularization into the political realm (Laux), particularly via the Peace of Westphalia, which put an end to the Thirty Years War and established a mere political truce among the warring nations—without, it should be added, the consent of the Roman Pontiff (Holsti). Voltaire celebrated the Peace of Westphalia as a move towards secularism and the… Continue Reading...

Operation Anaconda

conducting unified land operations. The army’s approach to mission command entails unifying the philosophy of command and warfighting function in order to be effective and successful in the specific operation. As an important component of military operations, mission command has six principles that help guide the decisions and orders of the military commander. These six principles of mission command are building cohesive teams through mutual trust, creating shared understanding, providing a clear commander’s intent, exercising disciplined initiative, using mission orders, and accepting prudent risk. The principles are applied on the premise that mission command decentralizes decision-making authority while empowering… Continue Reading...

Personal Social Status and Culture

culture is usually an expression of one’s personal beliefs or philosophy and perspective on life issues generally. It is usually a reflection of an individual’s upbringing; which is made up of culture, lifestyle and belief system the person is exposed to. Others are gender, history, education, residency location, and disability (“Social Categories”). It is common for one's culture to be predominantly dominated by society's general customs; that, however, does not negate the existence of the personal views of life. In large societies where diverse cultures exist, it is common to see some cultures dominate others. These cultural diversities can… Continue Reading...

Plato’s Argument: Art Is an Imitation Of an Imitation

was somehow dangerous.  It leads to one of the most interesting almost paradoxes in all of Plato’s philosophy.  While Plato appeared to consider beauty inherently good, he viewed art as not only inferior to natural beauty, but also dangerous.  A further exploration of Plato’s philosophy, and its place in the development of Western philosophy, reveals that Plato’s concept of aesthetics was more about establishing the philosophical rules to discuss beauty and art than it was about placing value on either concept.  This article explores Plato’s role in philosophy, his introduction to aesthetics, and his approach to art as an… Continue Reading...

Upsa Members and Ltc Choices

venue (MedicineNet, 2018). Some of the hospice facilities may include hospitals, nursing homes, and freestanding facilities. Hospitals have a philosophy of providing spiritual, social, and emotional support for patients’ needs concurrently with medical support in order to offer wholesome treatment for the patient (MedicineNet, 2018). Generally, hospice programs employ the multidisciplinary group approach (MedicineNet, 2018). This approach may entail the support of social workers, clergy, doctor, and nurse in the provision of care (MedicineNet, 2018). Some of the provided services include pain control using drugs, and other symptom management plans including speech therapy, occupational, and physical therapy, medical, equipment,… Continue Reading...

Intellectual Disabilities

and pertinent data derived. The findings were presented through examination of the theory and philosophy that influenced data collection, recruitment methods, thoroughness of analysis of data, link between participants and researchers, and the findings statement. The outcome of the research entailed the important issues that concerned people suffering moderate and mild intellectual disability. Through critical analysis it will be possible to prove that the research had all the characteristics of a phenomenological research approach. The researchers also highlighted the implications of their research to future studies. It is clear that cultivating awareness through research for intellectually disabled people is… Continue Reading...

Romantic Love in Hamlet

Answers. Boston: Stratford Co., 1917. Davis, Tenney. “The Sanity of Hamlet.” The Journal of philosophy, vol. 18, no. 23 (Nov. 10, 1921): 629-634. Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. https://www.folgerdigitaltexts.org/download/pdf/Ham.pdf Vyvyan, John. The Shakespearean Ethic. London: Shepheard-Walwyn.   Continue Reading...

History Of Populist Movement in America

social safety nets for farmers. 4. The populist movement has continued to inform some of America’s political discourse, philosophy, and culture but is generally a failure. Most Americans live in cities or near them, and few are farmers with the concerns that gripped those of a century ago. However, the ongoing resurgence in anti-government sentiments is a vestige of the populist movement. Populism is also evident in some of the supporters of Trump from the regions that lack economic self-determination. Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

review of the theory. Theory into practice, 16(2), 53-59. Lutz, D. W. (1996, January). Rival traditions of character development: Classical moral philosophy and contemporary empirical science. In Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics XVII. Washington, DC.   Continue Reading...

Why the Beatles Were Loved

peace and love that the group and its audience would promote through their music and their philosophy of living as exampled throughout the 1960s. Their Works The Beatles released seven studio recorded albums from 1963 to 1966 before retiring from live performances. The final five studio albums plus the Magical Mystery Tour of 1967 marked a new direction in their sound as the group became more experimental. The first seven were: · Please Please Me (1963) · With the Beatles (1963) · A Hard Day's Night (1964) · Beatles for Sale (1964) · Help! (1965) · Rubber Soul (1965) · Revolver (1966) The sound on these… Continue Reading...

The Mis-education Of the Negro by Carter G. Woodson

and did not believe in settling for anything other than full racial parity and equality as per the political philosophy embedded in the United States Constitution.As a result, “Du Bois criticized Washington for not demanding equality for African Americans,” (“Booker T. Washington,” 2017). Washington remains an important figure in that he knew how important it was to build bridges and never to isolate anyone from the dialogue. Woodson falls somewhere between the DuBois and Washington in that like DuBois, he championed a more comprehensive approach to erasing the deep-seated racist beliefs in the United States. In one chapter of… Continue Reading...

The Nature and Origin Of Justice

numerous philosophers. It has been one of the significant issues in the historical account of philosophy. Justice, as a Greek concept, was considered to be the virtue of the soul and action. Essentially, the term just is used to define an individual who usually partakes in what is deemed to be morally right and is inclined to giving everyone what is due for him or her. The main objective of this essay is to discuss extensively the origin and nature of justice from the philosophical perspectives of key philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Hume, and Kant. In his philosophy,… Continue Reading...

Signature 410-non-profit Healthcare Organization

information that clients are likely to want to find. Basically these are the 7 P’s of marketing philosophy: product, price, place, people, promotion, packaging and positioning—each one of these P’s represents an aspect of what it means to market a business (Ivy, 2008). The company’s Internet presence is quite large, as it operates numerous different websites, blogs and social media platforms. It has many different Internet channels that are used to bring casual browsers to its webpages and its websites offer detailed information with contact numbers where people can go to collect even more data from a person directly… Continue Reading...

Racism in Birmingham Alabama

protests of the Campaign by appealing directly to the philosophy of Thoreau: “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and establish such creative tension that a community that has consistently refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored” (King, Jr.). His words helped to inspire a generation and lead to the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which would finally acknowledge that the inherent racism in the system was to be rooted out and that African Americans were to be treated… Continue Reading...

How a Personal Leadership Philosophy Works

A philosophy of leadership provides the set of guiding principles throughout the initial US Army Military Training, establishing the framework and foundation from which I will develop a cohesive and strong leader identity. One of the main purposes of cultivating a leadership philosophy now is to determine the set of values from which I will not waver, even as circumstances and situations require flexibility in my responses and creative thinking in my decisions. Another purpose of developing a philosophy of leadership now is that it… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory

from other sectors exactly the same way that the Greek philosophy would modify the matter and spirit, it destroys the way God together with the world relate (Jones, 1996, p. 152). It is true that the divine is equipped with a unique nature but it is not eliminated from the entire life. Although psychology is known when it comes to theology, it cannot be used different from it. Written and Spoken Revelation The Bible is basically about how one relates with God and how one relates with people. The Bible however, does not claim to have the whole truth… Continue Reading...