Pregnancy Essays


Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

Abstract Abortion refers to the termination of the pregnancy and most members of society tend to feel strongly and often myopically about their opinions of abortion. This paper will examine the complex and multi-faceted history that the United States has had with abortion as well as the pros and cons of this procedure. This essay Continue Reading... Continue Reading...

Changing a Pattern Of Behavior

circumstances such as disapproving parents, hellish in-laws, getting married due to an unplanned pregnancy and getting married just to escape what is perceived to be a worse situation. The point is that looking at a change and assuming it is good or bad is just not something one can do. Further, there is the fact that the way in which a person responsds and plays off of change will entirely depend on their perspective when it comes to that change. If the person in question is pessimistic or down, the chances that they will react will, whether the good… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

time away from work for the same, discrimination related to pregnancy or maternity in general, adjustments (or lack thereof) for people that are disabled, how discrimination can be identified based on comparisons and similarities and prohibited conduct such as harassment and victimization (United Kingdom 2016). The third part is fairly basic and references application of that part of the law, the provision of services and supplementary information. The fourth part of that section is also fairly basic in nature, relating to preliminary premises, disposal and management of things, reasonable adjustments and supplementary rules. However, the fifth part is much… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

in place since early in the '80s. Australian courts have largely considered breastfeeding a gender- or pregnancy- linked condition and, hence, has covered it broadly by provisions pertaining to discrimination in this regard. Research and Expert Suggestions Breastfeeding-friendly workplace policies of granting breast pumping breaks to female employees will go a long way towards increasing continued breastfeeding after mothers of infants return to work. Particularly, superiors' and coworkers' encouragement to working mothers to utilize these breaks has a significant impact on continued breastfeeding following recommencement of jobs. Furthermore, dedicated lactation rooms increase working mothers' readiness to continue breastfeeding. Therefore,… Continue Reading...

Hiv and Aids

15. Majority of the children are in sub-Saharan Africa and got the infection during breastfeeding, childbirth or pregnancy from their infected mothers. Of the 36.9 million infected individuals living with the virus, 17.1 million of them are not aware that they are infected and should be reached with services for testing, says a UNAIDS report. 22 million infected individuals lack access to treatment. Of the 22 million who lack access to treatment, 1.8 million are children. Most of the individuals living with HIV reside in low to middle income economies. Nearly 70% of new HIV infections happen in sub-Saharan… Continue Reading...

Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35

women over 35 tend to have a much higher rate of complication when it comes to pregnancy. What is up in the air is what those precise health factors and risks happen to be. Conclusion The overall result of this research study will probably be right in line with the general parameters given a bit earlier in this report. However, the minutia and specifics of those answers may indeed reveal surprises. While the overall risk of birth defects may not be sufficient to deter some women who really wish to have children despite their 35+ age status, those same… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality

would be folly to say that this is only because of career "interruptions" such as a pregnancy or some other life event where the woman would tap the brakes on their career so as to take on another role. Indeed, when looking at glass escalator beneficiaries (e.g. female nursing executives) versus glass ceiling beneficiaries (male executives at information technology firms), it becomes even clearer that women are still lagging behind for no good reason because the men usually outweigh the men. Indeed, it is obvious and apparent to many that female-dominated fields tend to earn less than male-dominated fields.… Continue Reading...

Reproduction in the New Age

different arrangements without having to worry about disease or pregnancy to the same extent as they would otherwise. Although such an arrangement could potentially have merits, the group shows how the emotional aspects of these relationships take a toll on the group's cohesiveness. Part C 2. Infertility. It is not uncommon in the U.S. today to remain "childless by choice." But people who want biological children and have been unable to conceive can feel as if the choice was not theirs to make. Although the causes of infertility are not fully understood, there are some social behaviors that are… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

said with fear generated from performing such a procedure if it is not necessary and then experiencing complications during pregnancy. Thesis: Prenatal genetic screening has grown in popularity as a choice for pregnant women in the United States. However, such procedure must only be used for high-risk pregnancies and for those with inherited genetic disorders due to the inaccuracy of both non-invasive and invasive procedures producing a greater risk of pregnancy complications and pre-term labor. Prenatal genetic testing may not be as accurate as desired and can elevate the risk of preterm labor (Cook-Deegan, Conley, Evans, & Vorhaus, 2012).… Continue Reading...

Working Women Breastfeeding

(2016, June). Breastfeeding Promotion, Protection and Support. Retrieved October 8, 2016, from New York State Department of Health: https://www.health.ny.gov/community/ pregnancy/breastfeeding/employers.htm Continue Reading...

Healthcare Administration and Diabetes

family are highly susceptible to pre-diabetes. Lastly, females with gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) are also a high-risk group (Prediabetes, 2014). Further, a difference has been observed in pre-diabetes distribution among ethnically different groups of people. A 2005-08 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data analysis depicted similar pre-diabetes rates among Non-Hispanic White individuals (35%), Mexican-American (36%) and Non-Hispanic Black individuals (35%). The 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data was utilized to conduct a research work, which discovered gender differences based on ethnicity: pre-diabetes rates were consistent across females from different ethnic populations; however, rates were lower… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

the actual future of a fetus determines whether or not a pregnancy should be aborted. The principle points to two kinds of early fetuses. In the postulation, early fetuses that die early go through their entire existence without properties that confer moral status on them. However, an early fetus that is bound to grow into a person is different. Such a fetus will in time have the complete moral status of a human being. That is a good reason to think that even now, it has moral status to some extent (Harman, 1999). AFP says that early fetuses have… Continue Reading...

Sources Of Birth Defects in Older Mothers

of age before having children would seem to be even worse. Beyond that, having a multiple-birth pregnancy (e.g. twins) after the age of 40 is a huge risk. Of course, most women do not strive for multiple births in the same pregnancy. However, in vitro and other fertility treatments and methods are often done with a little excess so as to ensure a higher success rate. As such, it is not the least bit uncommon for multiple births to occur as a result. If and when that does happen, the perinatal risks that are involved are hard to miss… Continue Reading...

Reducing Burn Care Unit Operating Costs

Preferred pharmacy • Medication list • Past medical, social and family history • Immunization history • Allergies list • pregnancy history ( OB/GYN practices) • Growth chart (for pediatric practices) • Patient registries • Recent visit notes • International radio tracking (cardiology practices) 3 weeks Room Layout Put computer in the appropriate places I week Initiate training Staff training 1 week System Testing System Testing • Test Network • Conducting point-to-point connectivity checks • Test data flow using transaction generators 1 week Launch approach Incremental Approach that allows nurses and other staff to master and gradually learn the system. 2 week Procedures when hardware… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

with developmental psychology that has become prevalent in today's news is the impact of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the child's long-term health. This issue has received considerable attention given the fact that even experts have expressed different opinions regarding the issue. Some of the risk factors for alcohol consumption during pregnancy include relationship problems, poverty, substance abuse problems, and homelessness. According to Bhuvaneswar (2007), alcohol use during pregnancy has significant health effects on the child by increasing the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome. Some of the most common effects of alcohol use during pregnancy on a child include… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

the adults around them try to keep them from doing so is less than wise in terms of teen pregnancy, the spread of sexually-transmitted disease and so on. Just as with the other topics mentioned in this brief literature review, there is not a single way that seems to be entirely effective and that addresses the concerns of everyone involved (Ballanoff, Johnson, Shirtcliff & Galvan, 2015). One might ask why there is such discord when it comes to the right way to foster development and social behaviors, up to and including romantic relationships. Ideology and personal morality are obviously… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Harassment at the Workplace

Street NW, adds that she was not allowed to drink water and take breaks after her pregnancy in November 2011. She was fired later for leaving early for doctor's appointment and she got $50,000 in compensatory damages and $500,000 in punitive damages.   Harassments are tolerated in some situations as per the culture of the workplace. For example, few would get used to such discriminations and others never tell about it just because they might be isolated from their colleagues or lose their employment altogether. Another reason is that even when they disclose it, no measures would be taken… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

lead to a child's being exposed to sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancy. Moreover, exposure to pornography has been shown to be a risk factor in comorbid mental health issues such as intimacy disorders, mood disorders, and substance abuse disorders (Ross, 2012). To mitigate the effects of pornography exposure, parents need to take a more active role in their child's education and educators also need to take responsibility for informing children as young as they are able to understand what the difference is between healthy sexuality and unhealthy sexuality, such as pornography that depicts coercion or violence against women. When… Continue Reading...

Personal Versus Professional Values

of this can be used and employed when it comes to the untimely and unplanned pregnancy of Eboni. As noted in the case parameters, she herself is spiritual but not overly religious while her parents are both devoid of a religion when it comes to their beliefs. Perhaps the lack of a religious bias helps predict that both Eboni's mother wants the pregnancy terminated. Incidentally, her boyfriend wants the pregnancy terminated as well. There are also the concerns about the roommates at the house. The social worker should only include religion and spirituality to the extent that it is… Continue Reading...

Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida cases can be avoided by daily doses of Folic Acid two months before and after pregnancy. This medication has proven very effective in increasing the number of births of babies without Spina Bifida. Nonetheless, intensive research and arrangement for instant treatment for babies born with the disorder is in progress (Mertens, 2012). Despite this, Spina Bifida cannot be totally cured. The destroyed part of the neurological system cannot be amended or restored as well as the damaged nerves. The amount of therapy is a function of the seriousness or class of the defect. In most cases, infants… Continue Reading...

Trillium Herb Pharmacology and History

Products Association, the herb is listed as a Class 2b substance, meaning it is not to be used during pregnancy (American College of Healthcare Sciences, 2016). In addition to causing uterine contractions prematurely, the drug can have strong purgative effects if taken in large doses (American College of Healthcare Sciences, 2016). It is not recommended for lactating women either and is contraindicated in patients with known cardiac issues because of "potential cardiotoxicity," (American College of Healthcare Sciences, 2016, p. 7). Trillium is also taken topically, as it was throughout its history. Topically, the herb can be used to quell… Continue Reading...

Healthy Advice for Women Carrying Babies

British Homeopathic Association (BHA). She explains that during the first few weeks of pregnancy, the woman expects to feel "nausea or sickness," sometimes women actually vomit. To help the woman with the nausea, Worden suggests taking "Cocculus indica" (made from the cockle flower), three times daily (the dosage is 30c). And if the nausea is more serious in the morning ("morning sickness"), and taking small amounts of food makes the women ill, Worden recommends "Nux vomica" (same dose as Coddulus indica), and "Sepia" which can prevent ongoing sickness (Worden, 2011). The Homeopathy Center (HC) recommends Nux Vomica as well,… Continue Reading...

Abortion

term 'abortion' is used to denote a practice of purposeful pregnancy termination to ensure a child isn't born. This social issue revolves around the aspect of personhood. Almost everybody is of the view that every individual has his/her own unique moral status; hence, depriving any individual of his/her life, except in some extreme situations, is a grave sin. A pro-lifer contends that this principle is applicable to abortion as well, since a fetus is, in essence, a person (thus the word "pro-life"). Meanwhile, a majority of pro-choicers contend that it is only at an advanced developmental stage (i.e., during… Continue Reading...

Film Juno Analysis

Jason Reitman's 2007 film Juno addresses a difficult and potentially controversial topic: unwanted pregnancy and the challenges of deciding whether to terminate the pregnancy or carry it to term. Braha and Bryne describe Juno as a "comedy-drama," but it is also a young adult film because its protagonist is a teenager and because it frankly addresses coming-of-age issues linked to uniquely adolescent sexuality and gender identity. The film focuses on titular character Juno MacGuff (Ellen Page) and her decision to carry the pregnancy to term and give up the baby for adoption. Focusing on Juno empowers the protagonist and… Continue Reading...

Practice Of Dumping Essay

is relatively high in third-world countries, almost any birth-control device is safer than pregnancy” (p. 31). In this context, though, the concept of “safe” depends on who is being asked. Indeed, Joachim (2007) points out that in some countries that received the Dalkon Shield, “Women were reported to have suffered from anemia and infections, pelvic inflammatory diseases, unintended sterilization, and tubal pregnancies, and even to have died” (p. 138). It is reasonable to posit that the Dalkon Shield may have prevented some deaths during childbearing, but it is also clear that there was a corresponding trade-off in the safety… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

of FI. Biochemical and functional maturation of the GI system normally occurs gradually over the last trimester of pregnancy, however, in the preterm infant, mechanical function, enzymatic digestion, hormonal responses, bacterial colonization and local immunity are impaired (Fanaro, 2013). Delayed gastric emptying and reduced motility resulting in abnormal sphincter tone is attributed to the immaturity of duodenal motor function and the absence of coordination between the antrum and duodenum (So, Ng, & Fok, 2003). As a physiologic consequence, infants born prematurely have many of the symptoms associated with FI including gastric residuals, abdominal distension, delayed meconium passage and emesis… Continue Reading...

Improving Health Care for Native Americans

tend to be poor – higher rates of teenaged pregnancy, late or no prenatal care, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, higher infant mortality, higher SIDS and higher preterm birth. These outcomes are the result of a lack of access to care for urban Native American women (ACOG, 2012). One of the issues facing underserved communities in general is that there are a lack of trained physicians for such communities. This means that majority ethnicity physicians ultimately end up playing an important role in care delivery, but also points to a potential solution for improving care to underserved populations… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Ethics

deals with the matter of personal rights. Does a woman have the right to terminate a pregnancy? Or does abortion contradict ethics and moral standards that govern society and human beings? The conflict at the heart of the abortion argument is one of rights vs. ethics. On the one hand, those who support for abortion rights say that a woman has the right to choose. On the other hand, those who do not support abortion rights, say that the woman has a duty to carry the child to term because of an ethical and moral obligation. This paper will… Continue Reading...

Waist to Hip Ratio Article Review

premise is that the size of the waist becomes bigger in the course of pregnancy and also subsequent to giving birth. Therefore, it is an indication of the fertility status if a woman. In addition, the waist can be a better sign of the health of a woman. Importantly, the study indicated that the perspective of a man with respect to a woman’s attractiveness changed by the manipulation of the width length, which has a negative correlation with the waist to hip ratio. In addition, it was also noted that there is a positive relationship between the appeal of… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

NBC News, Tanner states, “our welfare programs aren’t targeted at the right things: education, pregnancy prevention, and job creation. They’re targeted at giving people who are poor the resources to live in poverty,” (Raab, 2013, p. 1). Complete libertarianism is not the answer, as it would fail to provide any moral compass for the society. I believe we can all agree that some social services are beneficial for improving the quality of life for all Americans. Some of my agents of socialization led me to believe that conservatism precludes government assistance. I mistakenly believed that Republicans were completely anti-government.… Continue Reading...

Georgia Environmental Quality Departments

in regions known to have Zika virus. Women anticipating pregnancy are cautioned not to travel in high risk areas, especially so, where Zika virus is concerned. 2. Current environmental risk assessment methods which apply to public health issues The mission of GDPH is to offer primary prevention measures by integrating surveillance work, education programs, enforcement measures and programs for assessment aimed at identifying, preventing and alleviating the conditions likely to negatively affect human health (Georgia.Gov, 2017b). GDPH carries out inspections on foods, motels and hotels and pools to ensure that safety and health standards are upheld. Information on inspections… Continue Reading...

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (prams)

pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is a project involving examination of health departments and CDC (Center for Disease Control) of a given State. PRAMS was unveiled in 1987. This project gathers data relating to the experience and attitudes prior to, in the cause of and period immediately following a pregnancy. Data collected is always specific to a given State. The surveillance expedition takes care of up to 83% of Infant births in U.S.A (CDC, 2017). When PRAMS was unveiled there… Continue Reading...

Value Based Reimbursement Models in Healthcare

for bundled care for one-off surgeries like hip replacements or cataract surgery, heart surgery, or for pregnancy and childbirth (Valence Health, n.d.). However, cost accounting can become complicated when ancillary services are needed or when complications arise. The bundled care model also does not meet long-term needs and does not cover preventative care. Yet some patients may prefer the bundled care option when they are generally healthy and prefer not to access the healthcare system throughout their lives. The Patient-Centered Medical Home model, on the other hand, does require active patient participation in healthcare. The Patient-Centered Medical Home model… Continue Reading...