Psychology Essays


Amazon Communication Plan

affective commitment, communication and participation on resistance to change: The role of change readiness. New Zealand Journal of psychology, 42(2), 29-40. ToribioToribio, C., & Garcia Hernandez, R. (2011). Coping with Resistance to Change in Organizations. Linnaeus University. Continue Reading...

Workplace Behavior and Improvements

detract from employee perceptions of well-being and health behaviors. Health psychology And Behavioral Medicine, 2(1). Linjuan Rita Men, 2010. Measuring the Impact of Leadership Style and Employee Empowerment on Perceived Organizational Reputation. Miami, Institute for Public Relations - School of Communication - University of Miami. Priscilla Dike, 2013. The impact of workplace diversity on organisations. s.l., s.n. Szu-Fang Chuang, 2013. ESSENTIAL SKILLS FOR LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS IN DIVERSE WORKPLACE DEVELOPMENT. Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development, 6(1). Continue Reading...

Engaging Employees in Change Process

change leadership on employees' commitment to a change: A multilevel study. Journal of Applied psychology, 93(2), 346-357. King, N. & Anderson, N. (2002). Managing innovation and change. London: Thomson. Kotter, J. (2013). Leading change. Harvard Business Press. Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

(1996). The forgotten variable in conformity research: Impact of task importance on social influence. Journal of Personality and Social psychology, 70, 915-927. Chriss, J. J. (2007). The functions of the social bond. Sociological Quarterly, 48(4), 689-712. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.2007.00097.x Durkin, K., Wolfe, T. and Clark, G. (1999). Social bond theory and binge drinking among college students: A multivariate analysis. College Student Journal, 33: 450-461. Gosselin, D.K. (2005). Heavy Hands: An Introduction to the Crimes of Family Violence, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, Inc. Lumbert, S.P. (2005). Conformity and Group Mentality: Why We Comply, Rochester Institute of Technology. Pasupathi, M. (1999). Age differences… Continue Reading...

Changing a Pattern Of Behavior

Personality Be Changed When it comes to personality and psychology, not to mention other fields, there is the ever-present question about whether and to what extent personality can be changed to a significant degree. More to the point, the question has become mostly two fold. First, there is the question of nature versus nurture whereby what is environmental (nurture) and what is predisposed from genetics and such (nature) is responsible for how people develop and why. The second prong of the debate centers on how much can be changed… Continue Reading...

Should Clinicians Use Evidence Based Practice

success in the field of medicine, evidence-based practice is being imported into the field of psychology (Lilienfeld, 2014). This trend emerges from the need for clinicians to utilize the most suitable and effective mechanisms to improve their clients' outcomes. Current evidence postulates that utilizing interventions that have been shown to work with certain symptomology is optimal. However, clinicians experience difficulties in implementing and working from an evidence-based model. Since clinicians face a hard time in implementing and working from an evidence-based model, there are concerns on whether these practitioners should use evidence-based practices when working with clients. Despite the… Continue Reading...

Stress, Emotional Intelligence, and Life Satisfaction in College Students

results. All participants were students who had enrolled in an Introduction to psychology course. There were 144 students, but only 135 students completed all items on the online survey. Out of the 135 students, only 81 were selected to participate in the study who comprised of 61 females and 20 males (Holinka, 2015, p. 305). The results of the study were presented in tabular and graphical methods within the article. From the study it was established that hypothesis one was supported, indicating there was a negative correlation between stress and life satisfaction (Holinka, 2015, p. 306). As the stress levels… Continue Reading...

The Workplace and Corporate Culture Of Honeywell

SEC. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/finance?q=NYSE%3AHON&fstype=ii&ei=bSDRVvDUHcS6ugTi7Iy4CA Inside Honeywell. (2016). Honeywell. Retrieved from https://www51.honeywell.com/hrsites/neo/howweworksixsigmaplus.html Kelley, A. (2016). psychology of Making Better Leaders. UK: Palgrave. Kissack, H., Callahan, J. (2010). The reciprocal influence of organizational culture and training and development programs: Building the case for a culture analysis within program planning. Journal of European Industrial Training, 34(4): 365 -- 380. Smith, G. (2012). Why I Left Goldman Sachs. NY: Grand Central. Continue Reading...

Children Of Divorce and How They Can Be Helped

just as impactful if not more on the child's psychology, as can be the surrounding environmental factors -- such as the ability to rely on siblings, engage with both parents on a consistent basis, participate in and engage with the outside world, and develop their cognitive skills through play and other forms of therapy, such as story-telling. From the Biblical perspective, divorce is clearly condemned, as it does "violence" to those who should otherwise be protected by the nature of the family's structure. In the end, the lasting effects of divorce can be mitigated through counseling, appropriate therapy, and… Continue Reading...

Child Psychology

M. Booren, Jason T. Downer, & Virginia E. Vitiello, 2012). References Saul Mcleod. (2013). Developemntal psychology. Simply psychology. Elizabeth A. Holmes. (2001). A Naturalistic Observation of the Play Behaviour of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. THe Emancipated Autism Project - Research Library. Leslie M. Booren, Jason T. Downer, & Virginia E. Vitiello. (2012). Observations of Children's Interactions with Teachers, Peers, and Tasks across Preschool Classroom Activity Settings. Early education and development, 517-538. Michael W. Eysenck. (2004). Examining behaviour by watching it take place naturally. psychology Press Ltd. Observational Research. (2005, May 27). Retrieved from FDA: http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/dockets/05p0224/05p-0224-cp00001-Exhibit-18-Observational-Research-vol1.pdf Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

(2003). Race, Racism, and Discrimination: Bridging Problems, Methods, and Theory in Social. Social psychology Quarterly, 319-332. Business & Human Rights Resource Centre. (2014). Coca-Cola lawsuit (re racial discrimination in USA). Business & Human Rights Resource Centre. Devah Pager, & Hana Shepherd. (2008). The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets. Annual review of sociology, 181-209. Dr Lilly Fernandes, & Dr. Nora Hadi Q. Alsaeed. (2014). AFRICAN-AmericanS AND WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION. European Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 56-76. Harold Andrew Patrick, & Vincent Raj Kumar. (2012). Managing Workplace Diversity. SAGE Open Journals. Jeffrey C.… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

The field is social psychology, and the selected title is bullying. The articles selected as follows: Mundbjerg Eriksen, T. L., Hogh, A., & Hansen, A. M. (2016). Long-Term Consequences of Workplace Bullying On Sickness Absence. Labor Economics, 43: 129-150. doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2016.06.008 This peer-reviewed article explores the effects of bullying at the place of work. The study done in the article indicates that sickness, boredom, and poor productivity are some of the results of bullying from among employees. The article is significant in that it helps to understand the effects of… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

Relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership style: A gender comparison. Journal of Business and psychology, 17(3): 387-404. Quader, M. S. (2011). Leadership style and emotional intelligence: A gender comparison. Annamalai International Journal of Business Studies & Research, 3(1): 1 -- 23. Van Genderen, E. (2012). Relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership style: A comparative- gender study. Review of International Comparative Management, 13(2): 224-236. Continue Reading...

Use Of Self Images in Baroque Art

spiritual aura into the later self-portraits using the very means that may be termed a psychology of light. Shade and light do not conflict with one another in the 1660 portrait. Rather, they merge subtly and softly, and the reconciliation generates the pictorial equivalent of serenity. The prevalent ambience may be considered one of quiet meditation of logical acquiescence or reflective recall; in fact, through silence, one can hear an entire array of emotions. Rembrandt portrayed himself as a strong and dignified personality -- the self-portrait summarizes the multitude of professional and stylistic concerns he was occupied with in… Continue Reading...

Healthcare and Fitness Research

the current situations in place (Brehm-Curtis, 2014). Reference Biller, H.B. (2002). Creative Fitness: Applying Health psychology and Exercise Science to Everyday Life. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group Brehm-Curtis, B. (2014). psychology of Health and Fitness: Applications for Behavior Change. F. A. Davis Company Ferkel, R. C. Stodden, D. F. Judge, L. W. Griffin, K. & Hamman, D. (2015). Relationship between Health-related Fitness Knowledge and Physical Fitness. International Journal of Physical Education, Sports and Health, Vol. 1(6): 76-82 Goodwin C. J. (2009). Research in psychology: Methods and Design. New York: John Wiley & Sons Jacobsen K. H. (2011). Introduction to Health Research… Continue Reading...

Treatment and Counseling for Low Self Esteem

Attitudes, and Low Self-Esteem Predicting Prospective Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety During Adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent psychology, Vol 38, Issue 2, 219 -- 231.Retrieved from National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2741157/ National Health Service. (2014, September 24). Raising low self-esteem. Retrieved September 17, 2016, from National Health Service: http://www.nhs.uk/livewell/mentalhealth/pages/dealingwithlowself-esteem.aspx Continue Reading...

Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

and Transformational Leadership Style: A Gender Comparison. Journal of Business and psychology, 17(3), 387-404 Quader, M.S. (2011). Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence: A Gender Comparison. Annamalai International Journal of Business Studies & Research, 3(1), 1-23. Continue Reading...

Patient Named Eliza

following benefits (Effective Treatments for Anxiety – The Department of psychology Community Clinic): - Effectiveness– About half the individuals consuming these medications experience some amount of symptom relief, at the least. - Easy availability– The medications are prescribed by healthcare professionals (usually psychiatrists), and are widely available. - Convenient use– the tablet does all its work effectively inside the patient’s body. In Eliza’s case, Paxil will be prescribed. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) represents a collection of psychological therapeutic methods which consider patients or clients’ active participants in the treatment of their psychological issues (Effective Treatments for Anxiety – The… Continue Reading...

Change Management

organic change is a reflection of people's unique experiences in execution, opposition, attitudes, organizational trust, and psychology (Mangundjaya, 2015). Meanwhile, organic macro-level corporate climates are multifaceted and disorganized adaptive structures. Hence, organic change necessitates a methodical developmental strategy, and ought to incorporate key corporate parameters such as the individuals, corporate philosophy, structure, competences, business models, operational processes, and services/products, which focus on long- as well as short-term development. This way, change-related routine activities and attitudes get organically and thoroughly entrenched in the company's culture (Live, 2016). Mintzburg and Huy (2003) describe institutional change as an endless phenomenon characterized by… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality

cultural competence and training for the same. As explained by the California Board of psychology, the teaching of this competence needs to start before people reach their desired career fields. Indeed, they note that students in psychology, just as one example, should be shown how to exist and flourish with people of diverse backgrounds including those that are different from an ethnicity, race, socioeconomic class, sexual orientation, gender or religious standpoint. Indeed, differences can divide with people that have the wrong understandings and backgrounds and those people need to be taught how to do the opposite. However, to just… Continue Reading...

Parent and Child Communication Article Review

(2013, March 11). Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217 The science of Developmental psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan during this particular period (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

psychology, Financial Decision-Making, and Household Management Reason for Selecting Subject The reason I chose this subject is that in the recent times, the aspect of financial education and understanding has become a contentious and significant one. Its importance has been realized largely because there is increasing intricacy of financial products and also the increasing accountability and liability of people with respect to their own financial well-being. It is imperative to note that knowledgeable, financially educated customers are more capable of making proper decisions… Continue Reading...

Case Summary Analysis

Why Did Lee Harvey Oswald Kill John Fitzgerald Kennedy? Retrieved from psychology Today: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/evil-deeds/201311/why-did-lee-harvey-oswald-kill-john-fitzgerald-kennedy Hartogs, R. (1953). Lee Harvey Oswald: Troubled Youth; Oswald Assessed by Psychiatrist Renatus Hartogs. Bronx. Warren Commission Report. (1963). Lee Harvey Oswald: Troubled Youth. New York City. Continue Reading...

Trust Within a Marriage

vs. The Ideal: Predicting Relationship Satisfaction And Well-Being From Endorsement Of Marriage Myths And Benevolent Sexism." psychology Of Women Quarterly 39.1 (2015): 119- 129. Education Abstracts (H.W. Wilson). Web. 22 Oct. 2016. Fincham, Frank D, Steven R. H. Beach, and Joanne Davila. "Longitudinal Relations Between Forgiveness And Conflict Resolution In Marriage." Journal Of Family psychology: JFP: Journal Of The Division Of Family psychology Of The American Psychological Association (Division 43) 21.3 (2007): 542-545. MEDLINE. Web. 22 Oct. 2016. Marchand, Jennifer F., and Ellen Hock. "Mothers' And Fathers' Depressive Symptoms And Conflict-Resolution Strategies In The Marriage And Children's Externalizing And Internalizing Behaviors."… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

all disciplines, owing to his contributions to philosophy, theology, literary theory, psychology, social and political theory, and communications theory. He wished for the world to remember him chiefly as a spiritual philosopher. In fact, Soren even stated he was actually a missionary who aimed at reintroducing Christianity in the Christian community (Garff, 2005). Considering his various interests and chiefly-religious purposes, some people raise doubts regarding whether he can really be considered a philosopher. Soren became more and more certain that the Danish Lutheran Church rendered a true Christian life hard and sometimes even impossible to lead. By means of… Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

Ceilings, cliffs, and labyrinths. In the SAGE Handbook of Gender and psychology. Sage. Channar, Z.A., Abbassi, Z. & Ujan, I.A. (2011). Gender discrimination in workforce and its impact on the employees. Cleveland, J.N., Vescio, T.K. & Barnes-Farrell, J.L. (2013). Gender discrimination in organizations. In Discrimination at Work. psychology Press. Edwards, R.B. (2010). Gender inequality and socioeconomic development. Economic Project. Iyer, A. & Ryan, M.K. (2009). Why Do Men and Women Challenge Gender Discrimination in the Workplace? The Role of Group Status and In-group Identification in Predicting Pathways to Collective Action. Journal of Social Issues 65(4): 791-814. Marchiondo, L, Ran,… Continue Reading...

Psy600 Week 2 Assignment

Developmental changes in parent -- child communication throughout adolescence. Developmental psychology, 49(12), 2301-2308. doi:10.1037/a0032217 The science of Developmental psychology purposes and endeavors to elucidate the change that comes about in both children and adults in the course of time. I have decided to focus and lay emphasis on this topic as it is during this particular period when the most change takes place in the course of a person's lifespan (Mcleod, 2012). Further, the topic "Developmental changes in parent-child communication throughout adolescence," lays emphasis on the individual changes and variations in the patterns of change between the association that… Continue Reading...

What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism

death row. This research study basically links the act of volunteering to motivation psychology. Motivation psychology has become integral to almost every area of applied psychology including organizational psychology that shows how all organizations can better motivate their employees to the benefit of all stakeholders. Future research could include different variables that might lead to motivation to volunteer, including notoriety versus anonymity. Researchers might also build upon this research by using focus groups and displaying different advertisements or marketing methods that appeal to a much narrower subset of emotions than simply cuteness or social pressure. Continue Reading...

Marketing

processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social psychology 85(8): 348-362. Gross, J. J., Richards, J. M., & John, O. P. (2006). Emotion regulation in everyday life. Emotion regulation in couples and families: Pathways to dysfunction and health, 2006, 13-35. Kemp, E., Borders, A. L., & Ricks, J. M. (2012). Managing Emotions in Personal Selling: Examining the Role of Emotion Regulation Strategy in Salespeople. Journal of Selling and Major Account Management, 12(1), 18. Naletelich, K., Sager, J. K., Dubinsky, A. J., & Srivastava, R. (2014). A model of the determinants and outcomes of salespeople's coping… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

and Ethics," http://keydifferences.com/difference-between-morals-and-ethics.html Sommers, S. (2011). Why crowds make us callous. psychology Today. Retrieved online: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-small-talk/201110/why-crowds-make-us-callous Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership

between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership style: A gender comparison. Journal of Business and psychology. 17 (3) 387-404. Quader, M. S. (2011). Leadership style and emotional intelligence: A gender comparison. Annamalai International Journal of Business Studies & Research, 3 (1), 1 -- 23. Van Genderen, E. (2012). Relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership style: A comparative- gender study. Review of International Comparative Management 13(2) 73, 224-236 Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

Haslam, A. & Peters, K. (2013). Ceilings, cliffs, and labyrinths. In the SAGE Handbook of Gender and psychology. Sage. Channar, Z.A., Abbassi, Z. & Ujan, I.A. (2011). Gender discrimination in workforce and its impact on the employees. Cleveland, J.N., Vescio, T.K. & Barnes-Farrell, J.L. (2013). Gender discrimination in organizations. In Discrimination at Work. psychology Press. Daczo, Z. (2012). Wage inequality and the gender wage gap. Dissertation. Edwards, R.B. (2010). Gender inequality and socioeconomic development. Economic Project. Iyer, A. & Ryan, M.K. (2009). Why Do Men and Women Challenge Gender Discrimination in the Workplace? The Role of Group Status and… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

contributed to films, literature, and theories such as feminism, psychology, philosophy and criticism. Freud is also known for theories such as unconscious mind, specifically those revolving around repression mechanism. He redefined sexual desire as mobile and believed that it is directed towards a wide variety of objects. His therapeutic techniques improved the understanding of transference in therapeutic relationship. The technique presumed that human beings are able to gain insight into the unconscious desires through dreams. Freud's psychoanalysis had an objective of bringing the repressed feelings and thoughts to consciousness. Freud's successors including his daughter Anna Freud postulated that the… Continue Reading...

Mathematics Assessment

all these concepts in an individually meaningful manner to the difficult task of currently educating the individual. The growth psychology of thinking in mathematical terms and the method of clinical interview can majorly contribute to learning by changing the formative assessment process -- the effort to apply information about student performance, motivation and learning potential to inform training (Ginsburg, 2009). Conclusion As teachers, it is important that we keep in mind that the primary aspect of our job is learners. We need to ensure that we investigate every way to assist them gain knowledge. A main focus of a… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Positive Psychology Trends

.....refreshing trend in the field of psychology, positive psychology refers to a set of theoretical frameworks and practices that focus on how individuals can maximize happiness and wellbeing. Unlike traditional schools of thought in the field of psychology, positive psychology does not focus on pathology. Mental illness is not covered within the provisions of positive psychology. However much positive psychology echoes some of the tenets and tone of pop psychology trends, positive psychology has gained traction in academic circles and has received widespread support among researchers and… Continue Reading...

Developmental Psychology

significance, and the self-confidence of teens grows (Termini, 2014). Developmental Theorists G. Stanley Hall's Biogenetic psychology of Adolescence According to G. Stanley Hall, teenage is a tempestuous and stressful phase. It represents a point of time wherein people undergo turbulent transition. The theorist perceives teenage emotional life as a vacillation between conflicting propensities. Self-importance, pride, and selfishness are equally typical of the adolescent phase as rejection, embarrassment, and shyness. The theorist held that teenage attributes comprised of the vestiges of unrestrained childhood self-centeredness and a budding idealistic selflessness. He claims late adolescents re-echo the stage of contemporary human society's foundation. This… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

institutional variables are impeding the delivery of quality mental health care to the prison community. Interestingly, the profession of clinical psychology was practically born in the prison context. As Magaletta, et al. (2016) point out, prison wardens partnered with psychologists seeking training opportunities and subjects for experiments since the early 20th century. Prison psychologists have had at their disposal access to subjects for research into the endogenous and exogenous factors that may cause or contribute to criminal behavior. Prisoners have long been viewed as a relatively dispensable part of the human population and the lack of attention given to their… Continue Reading...

What Makes People Change

that other people want them to change. Reference Kottler, J. (2014). What really leads to change in people's lives? psychology Today. Retrieved from: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/change Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

respect for individual's rights and dignity. Week 6 Discussion One of the contemporary issues or problems associated with developmental psychology that has become prevalent in today's news is the impact of alcohol consumption during pregnancy on the child's long-term health. This issue has received considerable attention given the fact that even experts have expressed different opinions regarding the issue. Some of the risk factors for alcohol consumption during pregnancy include relationship problems, poverty, substance abuse problems, and homelessness. According to Bhuvaneswar (2007), alcohol use during pregnancy has significant health effects on the child by increasing the risk of fetal alcohol syndrome.… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

psychology Analysis of the crime scene After Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced, he was taken to the Correctional Institution of Columbia, located in Portage; a town in Wisconsin. During his first incarceration year, Dahmer was confined separately in order to keep him physically safe in case he interacted with other prisoners. With his consent, when the first solitary confinement year was over, Dahmer was taken to a unit that was less secure. Here, he was made to work for two hours… Continue Reading...

Legal Psychology and Victimization

present the information in a language that suits legal purposes (Forensic psychology). The import of the psychological profile of the offender and victim in the trial of fact and subsequent sentencing The psychologist provides relevant, in-depth, psychological information that an average jury could not have deciphered on his or her own. Expert evidence is a common practice in legal procedures and cases. It is possible for an expert witness to significantly influence the jury; even in unwarranted ways (BATMAN, 2012). In the UK, reference to expert analysis is sought by either the prosecution or the defense and not by… Continue Reading...

Frankfurt School and Political Science on Totalitarianism

arguments. The Frankfurt School varies in its approach to dissecting the social psychology with regard to politics. Adorno for instance identifies the culture industry as to blame for the shift in social thinking from what should have been a natural uprising among the proletariat to, what he judges to be an unnatural pacification of the working class via subjugation by media (the manufacturers of culture). Horkheimer utilized group and individual studies via survey and interview as well as observation in order to integrate data from which could be culled patterns of thinking and behavior. This methodology allowed the Frankfurt School… Continue Reading...

Ergonomics and Human Factors

2014). Beyond Motivation: Job and Work Design for Development, Health, Ambidexterity, and More. Annual Review of psychology. 65 (1): 661 -- 691. Salvendy, G. (2012). Handbook of human factors and ergonomics (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Zhang, J. Fan, Y. & Zhang, X. (2015). The role of power motivation in creativity: A moderated mediation model. Social Behavior and Personality. 43(4): 613-628. Continue Reading...

Empirical Research Developmental Theory

recall of sexual orientation identity development among gay, lesbian, and bisexual adults. Developmental psychology, 47(6), 1658. Cochran, S., & Mays, V. (2006). Estimating prevalence of mental and substance-using disorders among lesbians and gay men from existing national health data. American Psychological Association. Floyd, F. J., Bakeman, R. (2006). Coming-out across the life course: Implications of age and historical context. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35, 287 -- 296. Fuller-Iglesias, H., Smith, J., Antonucci, T. C. (2010). Theories of aging from a life-course and life-span perspective: An overview. New York: Springer. Hammack, P. L. (2005). An integrative paradigm. Human Development, 48(5),… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

obviously among the core of the people that love the movies. This attraction is so advanced that some psychology classes and the scholars associated with the same have used that movie to study things and subjects like English, sociology and history. Indeed, there are many that are actively using the series and the fan base of the same as a teaching tool (Tagsold, Decuir-Gunby, 2012). Finally, there should be a mention of the medical decision-making that has to occur during a child's teenage years. Newer research has shown that there are rather important considerations and factors to consider and… Continue Reading...

Death and Faith from Existentialist Point Of View

there should be a reason for the denial. Maybe this denial was because his philosophy was based purely on psychology. This psychology as a field has become independent from philosophy in the 20th century when William James and Nietzsche influenced the results of Heidegger significantly by being a psychologist and a philosopher (questioned in Ecce Homo in its final chapter, "Who among philosophers before me has been a psychologist?"). There is no relevance for Heidegger in the fields of ethics, logic, traditional sciences or politics. Instead, he was concerned about the metaphysics, and specifically, that involves questions in ontology.… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

of preserving social hierarchies, political order, and particularly the patriarchal order. Works Cited Halligan, Fredrica R., n.d., "Avatar." Encyclopedia of psychology and Religion, pp. 89-90. Jones, Naamleela Free, 2015, "From Gods To Gamers: The Manifestation of the Avatar Throughout Religious History and Postmodern Culture." Berkeley Undergraduate Journal 28(2). Available: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/4mn5k202 Woods, Julian F., 2014, Destiny and Human Initiative in the Mahabharata. SUNY Pres. Continue Reading...

Exclusive Vs Inclusive Styles Of Leadership

(2013) show, this line of thinking is in keeping with the psychology of society that promotes heroism and the concept of the heroic leader -- a concept that exclusive leaders can utilize to foster movement to their cause. In this sense, exclusive leadership does still have a place in modern society because there are still followers and leaders and not everyone wants to be part of the decision-making process. The modern environment has not eliminated the psychological need or desire among followers for a king, a CEO, a leader who is willing to "be the boss" (Dahiru, Pihie, 2016).… Continue Reading...

Apartment Complex Parking Issues

http://www.langston.edu/sites/default/files/basic-content-files/Transformationalleadership.pdf Accessed 14 December 2016. Mathes, E., 1981. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs as a Guide for Living. Journal of Humanistic psychology. Volume 21(issue4): 69-82. McClesky, J. 2014. Situational, Transformational, and Transactional Leadership and Leadership Development. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly. Volume 5(issue 4): 117-130. Continue Reading...

Cruelty and Intolerable Acts

genocide's roots. www.nytimes.com Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/03/06/books/review/Berreby-t.html?_r=0 NPR. (2011). 'Less Than Human' The psychology of cruelty. www.npr.com Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/03/29/134956180/criminals-see-their-victims-as-less-than-human Smith, D. L. (2011). Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2012 University of New England. (2011). www.une.edu Retrieved from http://www.une.edu/news/2011/une-philosopher-david-livingstone-smith-discusses-his-new-book-less-human-nprs-talk-nation Continue Reading...

Psychotherapy Using Ipt and Act

(2014). Interpersonal functioning in borderline personality disorder: A systematic review of behavioral and laboratory-based assessments. Clinical psychology Review 34(3): 193-205. Morton, J., Snowdon, S., Gopold, M. & Guymer, E. (2012). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy Group Treatment for Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder: A Public Sector Pilot Study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice 19(4): 527-544. Welch, S.S., Rizvi, S. & Dimidjian, S. (2006). Mindfulness in dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder. In Baer, R.A. (2006). Mindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches. London: Elsevier. Weissman, M.M, Markowitz, J. C. & Klerman, G. L. (2007) Clinician's quick guide to interpersonal psychotherapy. New York: Oxford… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

Richard King. Selling spirituality: The silent takeover of religion. psychology Press, 2005. Drescher, Elizabeth. "News Media Creation and Recreation of the Spiritual-But-Not-Religious." Hout, Michael, and Claude S. Fischer. "Why more Americans have no religious preference: Politics and generations." American Sociological Review (2002): 165-190. Lofton, Kathryn. "Practicing Oprah; or, the prescriptive compulsion of a spiritual capitalism." The journal of popular culture 39.4 (2006): 599-621. Putnam, Robert D., David E. Campbell, and Shaylyn Romney Garrett. American grace: How religion divides and unites us. Simon and Schuster, 2012. Continue Reading...

Contemporary Art 21st Century Asia

creatures, which reflect social themes and reveal facets of human psychology," (Daunt, 2016). The contemporary art installation shows how art became centered in points in time and space, requiring viewer engagement and preventing the older modernist discourse in which there was the artist and the viewer engaging in a unilateral process of communication. With social media as an active force in the art world, the relationship between artist and viewer is now bilateral and in fact, multilateral because of the global patterns of migration that have changed the nature of the viewer and the viewed. Some art from the… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

The main purpose of this research study is to understand the psychology of decision-making and management of households with respect to Arab students living abroad. The study will take into consideration the impact of the difference in culture and also the influence of such culture in dealing with bank interest. The research model used in this study is the addition of a moderating variable. The data will be collected through questionnaires that will be designed, piloted, and distributed to the target population. Questionnaires will be designed in a way that can manage… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

and culture are both structural elements in sociology and psychology. As structures they are "mutually sustaining cultural schemas and sets of resources that empower and constrain social action and tend to be reproduced by that action," (Sewell, 1992, p. 29). Biculturalism Theory and Identity Formation Bicultural identity construction is already complex, even in a pluralistic society that recognizes the range of multicultural identities an individual might have, for Muslims in America, biculturalism theory presents a unique set of challenges and opportunities. Especially since September 11 and the ways attitudes of non-Muslims in America towards Muslims either in America or… Continue Reading...

Organizational Behavior and Communication Styles

In Haslam, et al. (Eds.) Social Identity at Work. New York: psychology Press. Reece, B.L. & Reece, M. (2016). Effective Human Relations: Interpersonal and Organizational Applications, 13th Edition. South-Western. Van Knippenberg, D. & Ellemers, N. (2003). Social identity and group performance. In Haslam, et al. (Eds.) Social Identity at Work. New York: psychology Press. Continue Reading...

Method to Motivate Multigeneration Workforce

Assumed Cohort Preferences. A Dissertation Submitted to the Chicago School of Professional psychology. Schullery, N. M. (2013). Workplace engagement and generational differences in values. Business Communication Quarterly, 76, 252-265. Tomislav, H. & Nina Poloski, V. (2014). Work design for different generational cohorts: Determining common and idiosyncratic job characteristics, Journal of Organizational Change Management, 27 (4): 615 -- 641. Continue Reading...

Interpersonal Conflict Television Show

Interpersonal conflict is a daily part of human existence," ("Resolving Interpersonal Conflicts," n.d.). The hard part is learning how to resolve interpersonal conflicts, because they are inevitable. One of the reasons television shows are popular is that they mirror the genuine interpersonal conflicts that people have in their daily lives. This can be seen on the television show Modern Family, which depicts several interpersonal conflicts. One conflict that is developed early in the show is between Mitch and his father Jay. Mitch is gay, and although his father pretends to be fine with it and accepting of his son, his… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

pornography on children. Retrieved online: http://preventchildabuse.org/resource/understanding-the-effects-of-pornography-on-children/ Ross, C.C. (2012). Overexposed and Under-Prepared: The Effects of Early Exposure to Sexual Content. psychology Today. Retrieved online: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/real-healing/201208/overexposed-and-under-prepared-the-effects-early-exposure-sexual-content Tyler, R.P. & Stone, L.E. (1985). Child pornography: Perpetuating the sexual victimization of children. Child Abuse and Neglect 9(3): 313-318. Wolak, J. & Mitchell, K.J. (2009). Work Exposure to Child Pornography in ICAC Task Forces and Affiliates. Crimes Against Children Research Center. Retrieved online: http://unh.edu/ccrc/pdf/Law%20Enforcement%20Work%20Exposure%20to%20CP.pdf Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

W.; Hertel, P. T.; McCallum, M.C. & Ellis, H. C. (1979). Cognitive effort and memory. Journal of Experimental psychology: Human Learning and Memory 5(6), Nov 1979, 607-617. Zein, P.H. (2009). The most common Chinese characters in order of frequency Retrieved online: https://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic1140246.files/The%20most%20common%20Chinese%20characters%20in%20order%20of%20frequency.pdf                      Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

emotions within social contexts (Perkins & Bermann, 2013). Among the more consistent developmental psychology research outcomes is the fact that behavioral issues and other kinds of psychopathology display comorbidity with cognitive deficiencies, language-, reading- and other learning- disorders and failure at school. Authors of a latest study have discovered a bidirectional link between symptoms undermining school functioning and functioning failures furthering symptoms (Kim & Cicchetti, 2009; Masten et al., 2005). Another research revealed the association of parental distress and language impairment to misbehavior as well as aggressiveness (Brownlie et al., 2004). A third research proved that youngsters struggling with language… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

the truth; to pursue sensual pleasure, or to deal with the demonic directly -- psychology would become a dominant theme in gothic literature). Most importantly, however, these early gothic works "Vathek" and "Old English Barron" would reinforce a moral principle that the Enlightenment Age had to some extent lost. Vathek ends up in hell for his pursuits (just as Don Giovanni ends up there as a result of his refusal to repent for his womanizing) and Beckford tells the reader clearly that Hell is for those who lose Hope: "Their hearts immediately took fire, and they at once lost… Continue Reading...

English Protestant Clergy in Literature

suffering, pain, privation -- of the life of the emotions, the psychology of desperation, and the clamor of the flesh -- before he can really, effectively and truly begin to communicate with the sheep he intends to reach. Thus, Fielding shows that his clergyman is in need of real world education -- and that is what the author supplies him, in a characteristic that is very much in the vein of what Cervantes does for his gentleman scholar Don Quixote. Both Quixote and Adams are similar, in fact, in the sense that they have lived entirely in books and… Continue Reading...

Women and Minorities in Leadership and Stem Annotated

science and engineering: a multiple-groups analysis. Journal of Counseling psychology, 57(2), doi:10.1037/a0018608 • This article explores how both social cognitive and ethnic variables can play a part in determining the academic goals of people and groups that are "under-represented" within the academic sphere. The groups centered on this study include Africa-Americans, Latinos, Southeast Asians and Native Americans. There were 223 people in the study and the study itself was centered on what is known as the social cognitive theory, as proposed and discussed by Lent, Brown and Hackett in 1994. There was a significant relationship found between outcome expectations,… Continue Reading...

Representation and Reality Alexie on Film

conclusion, Alexie, Victor and Thomas are like the three parts of the human psychology -- the Id, the Ego and the Superego. They are each having a voice in the mind of the person, some shouting more than others, some coming up unconsciously -- but they are all there together, each a part of the whole. They are all attempting to grapple with reality and with themselves, to identify themselves and others, and to come to terms with the ideas they have in the heads and how those ideas got there. It is what growing up is about, and… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

a Procedurally Just Organizational Climate and Police Organizational Efficiency, Endorsement of Democratic Policing, and Officer Well-Being. psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 158 - 172. Wolfe, S., & Nix, J. (2015). Self-Legitimacy Moderates Procedural Justice. Criminal Justice & Behavior. Worden, R., & McLean, S. (2016). Measuring, Managing, and Enhancing Procedural Justice in Policing: Promise and Pitfalls. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 1 - 23. Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on False Confessions

unethically extracted, by calling in expert witnesses in the field of psychology. These expert witnesses can show juries how and why false confessions occur, to show that they are relatively common as well as problematic. However, the authors claim that many judges disallow the expert testimony under the assumption that the jurors are familiar with the topic of false confessions. This article is tremendously helpful in my research because it shows not only that false confessions occur due to bad law enforcement procedures, but also that there is a widespread misperception of how pervasive the problem has become. Garrett,… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

to discuss criminal justice ethics, but to comment more about the social psychology of false confessions, from multiple angles and points of view. To conduct the research, I will begin with the articles suggested at the end of the scenario. These two articles provide ample empirical support for the social psychological phenomena at stake in the scenario. The Gudjonssen & Pearse (2011) article talks about interrogation techniques commonly used by law enforcement in the United States, including the Reid technique, as well as techniques more common in the United Kingdom, which has a similar criminal justice system in general.… Continue Reading...

Role Of Inclusive Leadership in Strengthening Organizational Culture

19(1), 67-89. Holt, K. & Seki, K. (2012). Global leadership: A developmental shift for everyone. Industrial and Organizational psychology, 5(2), 196-215. Lisak, A., & Erez, M. (2015). Leadership emergence in multicultural teams: The power of global characteristics. Journal of World Business, 50(1), 3-14. Lovvorn, A. S. & Chen, J.-S. (2011). Developing a global mindset: The relationship between an international assignment and cultural intelligence. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2(9), 275-282. Sparrowe, R. T. (2014). Leadership and social networks: Initiating a different dialog. Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of leadership and organizations, 434-454. Ulrich, D., & Smallwood,… Continue Reading...

Terrorist Group Leaders

Used by Terrorist Group Leaders to Influence their Followers In his article, War, psychology, and Time, Friedman (2007) shows how Osama bin Laden employed a psychological strategy in an attempt to create a massive Islamic empire in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The disintegration of the union provided an ideal opportunity for bin Laden to demonstrate to the world that America was actually weak and could be severely hurt. For bin Laden, the Muslim world "suffered from a psychology of defeat" following America's triumph over the Soviet Union and it was therefore important for Muslims to… Continue Reading...

Homeopathic Treatment for Pediatrics

at high levels. References Dancey, C. P., & Reidy, J. (2006). Statistics without Maths for psychology. London: Prentice Hall. Ernst, E. (2016). Another flawed trial of homeopathy reports positive findings. Retrieved from http://edzardernst.com/2016/10/another-flawed-trial-of-homeopathy-reports-positive-findings/ In Scientio Veritas. (2016). Homeopathy: Is It Really Effective In Upper Respiratory Tract Infections With Fever In Children? Not Quite. Retrieved from https://inscientioveritas.org/homeopathy-urti-fever/ van Haselen, R., Thinesse-Mallwitz, M., Maidannyk, V., Buskin, S. L., Weber, S., Keller, T., . . . Klement, P. (2016). The Effectiveness and Safety of a Homeopathic Medicinal Product in Pediatric Upper Respiratory Tract Infections With Fever. Global Pediatric Health, 3. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4959794/ Continue Reading...

Using Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

Enhance Employee Proactive Behavior? The Role of Autonomy and Role Breadth Self-Efficacy. Journal of Applied psychology, 97(1), 194-202. Douglas, M., Howell, T., Nelson, E., Pilkington, L., & Salinas, I. (2015). Improve the function of multigenerational teams. Nursing Management, 46(1), 11-13. doi:10.1097/01.NUMA.0000459098.71482.c4 Hillman, D. R. (2014). Understanding multigenerational work-value conflict resolution. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 29, 240-257. doi:10.1080/15555240.2014.933961 Krahn, H. J., & Galambos, N. L. (2014). Work values and beliefs of 'generation x' and 'generation y'. Journal of Youth Studies, 17(1), 92-112. doi:10.1080/13676261.2013.815701 Meretoja, R., Numminen, O., Isoaho, H., & Leino-Kilpi, H. (2015). Nurse competence between three generational cohorts:… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

evaluation of the human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.  However, there have been numerous difficulties over the years… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

in the US. The first and most progressive models of nigrescence based on psychology was developed by Cross. It showed the evolution of the African-American from a non-Afrocentric through being an Afrocentric to one that embraces multicultural identity. The process involves being completely aware of one's race, embracing the culture of the blacks to the point of committing to the concerns of many cultures and championing the interests of a multiplicity of cultural groups. The model by cross is critical in pointing out the dynamic progression characteristics of racial identity. It is influenced by those within ones ethnic group… Continue Reading...

Loss Of a Loved One

McNally, R. J. (2014). Network analysis of persistent complex bereavement disorder in conjugally bereaved adults. Journal of Abnormal psychology, 123(3), 510-522. doi:10.1037/abn02 Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

W. (2003). Research for social workers: An introduction to methods. psychology Press. Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., & Charman, T. (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: the Special Needs and Autism Project (SNAP). The Lancet, 368(9531), 210-215. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(06)69041-7 Cronin, P., Ryan, F., & Coughlan, M. (2008). Undertaking a literature review: a step-by-step approach. British journal of nursing, 17(1), 38. Corrigan, P., & Watson, A. (2002). The Paradox of Self-Stigma and Mental Illness. Clinical psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 35-53. doi:10.1093/clipsy.9.1.35. Ekas,… Continue Reading...

Applied Social Psychology

Social psychology The term 'applied social psychology' is used to denote a methodical utilization of socio-psychological models, study approaches and outcomes, concepts, ideologies, and intervention approaches for comprehending or ameliorating social issues. Psychologists belonging to this subfield concentrate on comprehending and solving practical issues and coming up with intervention approaches to enhance individual, organizational and societal response to social issues. While this domain's chief concern is the generic tackling of practical and social issues revolving around the environment, education, and so forth, social psychology may also help enrich people's… Continue Reading...

Narrative Analysis and Life Span Interview Of Ms. W

response from her mother would be no. This was understandable because the psychology of losing her husband was still having an effect on her. Vitelli, (2015) argues that loss of a spouse can be the source of stress which can traumatize woman for many years especially when the woman is deeply in love with her husband. Depression is also an issue that a woman experiences after losing her husband, which can consequently lead to chronic stress and reduce life expectancy. While there are many biological, environmental and psychological factors that can lead to depression. Overview of Ms. W case… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Ethics and Culture

Choices and Relationships in Bicultural Research Settings. Journal of Community & Applied Social psychology, 26(1), 75-88. Perrett, R. W., & Patterson, J. (1991). Virtue Ethics and Maori Ethics. Philosophy East and West, 41(2), 185-202. Smith, B. (2014). Maori-Centered Codes of Ethics: Championing Inclusiveness in Creating Professional Codes of Ethics across the New Zealand Health Sector. N Z. Med J. 4; 127(1397): 9-12. Continue Reading...

Human Resource

Change in Newcomers' Employer-Based Psychological Contract Obligations. Journal of Business & psychology, 28(3), 361-374. doi:10.1007/s10869-012-9277-2. Continue Reading...

Intervention Plan for Carlos

the foremost step. PTSD therapists may belong to diverse disciplinary backgrounds such as trauma therapy, clinical psychology, eidetic imagery and hypnotherapy. • Second-line non-trauma-centered psychotherapy may prove useful. This includes stress inoculation instruction and guidance by the therapist to decrease patient stress. • Drug therapy referrals to psychiatrists if the patient shows a reluctance or inability to participate in psychotherapy. Based on comprehensive evaluation, if the patient suffers from an acute comorbid disorder or related symptoms (say, acute depression), psychological techniques may not suffice in tackling patient distress or the patient may not adequately respond to only psychotherapy. •… Continue Reading...

Comparative Analysis Of Egoism or Altruism

D. (2012). The psychological architecture of the stable couple relationship. Theory & psychology, 22(5), 607-625. Frisen, A., & Wangqvist, M. (2010). Emerging Adults in Sweden: Identity Formation in the Light of Love, Work, and Family. Journal of Adolescent Research, 26(2), 200-221. Lichtenberg, J. (2010). Is Pure Altruism Possible? New York Times. October 19, 2010, 5:17 pm. Michalski, J.H. (2003). Financial Altruism or Universal Resource Exchanges? Toward a Pure Sociology of Welfare. Sociological Theory. 21(4):341 -- 358. Pawlicki, S. (2015). Altruism, Fact or Fiction?: An Exploration of Altruism and Egoism in the Context of Religion and Service Learning. Parkland College.… Continue Reading...

Child Development

Life Span: An Interpersonal Relations Approach. Online Readings in psychology and Culture, 6(2). doi: 10.9707/2307-0919.1057 Park, S.Y., Trommsdorff, G., & Lee, E. G. (2012). Korean mothers' intuitive theories regarding emotion socialization of their children. International Journal of Human Ecology, 13, 39-56. doi: 10.6115/ijhe.2012.13.1.39 Piaget, J. (1977). Epistemology and psychology of functions. Dordrecht, Netherlands: D. Reidel Publishing Company Shaffer, D. R., &Kipp, K. (2013). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence. Cengage Learning. Simatwa, E. M. (2010). Piaget's theory of intellectual development and its implication for instructional management at pre-secondary school level. Educational Research and Reviews, 5(7), 366. Retrieved from http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379610138_Simatwa.pdf Ojose,… Continue Reading...

Human Development

study of the development of a human being, psychologically, is referred to as Developmental psychology. According to Erik Erikson, there are eight critical stages in the development of a human being in order to become socially and psychologically well adjusted. This renowned psychologist is also credited with the expression identity crisis used to refer, not to the possibility of a catastrophic occurrence but to a critical turning point. Erikson points out that a person is confronted with challenges and experiences at each stage. One has to master all the dynamics at every stage in order to grow to the… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

men, and the veiled attributes of autonomous, uniquely Indian human psychology, these have however been channelled in new directions based on the slow advent of globalization and its impact on Indian literature (Sharma, p. 64). The Creation of Modern Indian Literature Surprising variations in form and region of production are characteristic attributes of contemporary Indian literature, which has been around for about a hundred and fifty years (Sharma, p. 64). An in-depth comprehension of the similar terms: 'modern', 'modernity', and 'modernisation' in an Indian contextual framework is highly necessary before plunging deeply into the highly-varied genre of contemporary Indian… Continue Reading...

Robert Hayden Those Winter Sundays

domestic violence, the poet does aim to reveal its genesis in male psychology -- the conflict between the need to provide for the family and the strain of being unable to do so while still enjoying a healthy work-life balance. Gallagher suggests that Hayden lets the father off the hook from his responsibility to create emotional attachments and display love and affection, finding "discontent and bitterness" as well as "deep sadness" in the poem (Gallagher 246). While bitterness and deep sadness are certainly the most prevalent emotional themes in "Those Winter Sundays," the poem is not necessarily about justifying… Continue Reading...

Emotional Labour and Gendered Occupational Segregation

Palgrave Macmillan. Kinman, G. (2009) Emotional labour in "front-line" service employees: does mode of delivery matter. Journal of Managerial psychology, 24(2), 118-135. Meier, K., Mastracci, S. and Wilson, K. (2006) Gender and emotional labour in public organisations: an empirical examination of the link to performance. Public Administration Review, 66(6), 899-909. Pilcher, K. (2007) A gendered 'managed heart'? An exploration of the gendering of emotional labour, aesthetic labour, and body work in service sector employment. Reinvention: An International Journal of Undergraduate Research. [online] Available from: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/cross_fac/iatl/reinvention/issues/launchissue/paper5/ [Accessed 21 April 2017] Pruitt, A. (2012) Emotional labour in a gendered occupation: the work… Continue Reading...

Advancements in Connectionism

G. (2014). Connectionism coming of age: legacy and future challenges. Frontiers in psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00187 Nelson, R. (2013). Expanding the Role of Connectionism in SLA theory. Language Learning, 1-33. Plaut, D., & Vande Velde, A. (2017). Statistical Learning of Parts and Wholes: A Neural Network Approach. Journal of Experimental psychology, 318-336. Wiltshire, T. (2015). A Prospective Framework for the Design of Ideal Artificial Moral Agents: Insights from the Science of Heroism in Human. Minds and Machines, 57-71. This article was chosen because it provides a rich and detailed history of how this model developed, as well as some discussion of… Continue Reading...

College Student Development Theory

The student development theory is a body of the educational scholarship and psychology that demonstrates the strategy higher educational students gain knowledge. The theory also guides students in their educational affairs. College students are categories as students in the higher education especially in the formal setting such as colleges, universities, polytechnic and other institutions of higher learning. On the other hand, development is defined as a "process of increasing complex." (Patton, et al. 2016 p 5). With reference to the students' affair, the theory is a useful tool in answering the cogent question… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

(2009). In-group and out-group attitudes of Muslim children. Journal of Applied Developmental psychology 31(2010): 379-385. Greenman, E. & Xie, Y. (2008). Is assimilation theory dead? Social Science Research 37(2008): 109-137 Isik-Ercan, Z. (2015). Being Muslim and American: Turkish-American children negotiating their religious identities in school settings. Race Ethnicity and Education, 18:2, 225-250, DOI: 10.1080/13613324.2014.911162 Kunst, J.R., Tajamal, H., Sam, D.L. & Ulleberg, P. (2012). Coping with Islamophobia: The effects of religious stigma on Muslim minorities' identity formation. LaFromboise, T., Coleman, H.L.K. & Gerton, J. (1993). Psychological impact of biculturalism. Psychological Bulletin 114(3): 395-412. Lambert, W.E. & Taylor, D.M. (1988).… Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

Technology has emerged and pervaded the lives of many people as it becomes more advanced and more a part of society. A good and prominent example of this is video games. Even with the leisure and perceived positive effects of video games, their effect on the brain is a cause for concern among many in the scientific and academic communities. While many of the effects could absolutely be good, there are other effects that could be bad with age and stage of brain development being important factors to keep in mind. One factor that clearly aggravates the situation of people… Continue Reading...

The Various Ways to Learn

& Stich, S. P. (2013). Philosophy and Connectionist Theory. psychology Press. Sun, H., Teh, P., Ho, K., & Lin, B. (2016). Team Diversity, Learning, and Innovation: A Mediation Model. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 22-30. doi:10.1080/08874417.2016.1181490 Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

With Self-Defeating Behavior and Turnover. The Journal of Social psychology, 153(2), 229-249. Sims, R.R. (2002). Managing organizational behavior. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. Thau, S., Aquino, K. & Poortvliet, M. (2007, June). Self-defeating Behaviors in Organizations: The Relationship Between Thwarted Belonging and Interpersonal Work. Journal of Applied psychology, 92(3), 840-847. Weitz, E. & Vardi, Y. (2007, January). Understanding and Managing Misbehavior in Organizations. In 21st Century management: a reference handbook (chap. 17, pp.72-230). Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412954006.n72 Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

regulation of learning? An integrative approach. Psychological Topics, 23(1), 1-30. Hallam, S. (2010). Transitions and the development of expertise. psychology Teaching Review, 16(2), 3-32. Jalongo, M. (2010). Understanding reading anxiety: new insights from neuroscience. Early Childhood Education Journal, 37(6), 431-435. Sadideen, H., Alvand, A., Saadeddin, M., & Kneebone, R. (2013). Surgical experts: born or made? International Journal of Surgery, 11(9). 773-778. Tanner, K. (2012). Promoting student metacognition. CBE -- Life Sciences Education, 11(2), 113-120. Tashman, L. (2013). The development of expertise in performance: the role of memory, knowledge, learning, and practice. Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 5(3), 33-48. Wang, Y. (2016).… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

this week's readings on learning acquisition and development in cognitive psychology, there are a few terms that are worth exploring in more depth or may be unfamiliar to some of my less educated peers. For example, Wiley & Dee (2011) use the term "mentalistic," which is not a commonly used word and is not even located in the Word dictionary. For example, the sentence they use is: "Mentalistic terms, such as belief and desire, were branded as superfluous and unscientific, and removed from accepted terminology," (Wiley & Dee, 2011, p. 3). The term evokes Houdini and mentalists who hypnotize… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

learning environments and conditions. Built on the premises of both cognitive psychology and the study of human development, these findings have tremendous implications for creating new pedagogies of diversity. In terms of how these findings influence my past or current beliefs about knowledge development, I believe that the study simply substantiates what I already intuited. There are a number of different variables that impact learning, among them the social environment and norms in the classroom, the methods used by the teacher to communicate not just knowledge but modes of thinking and approaching problem solving, and also self-directed learning, motivation,… Continue Reading...

Study on Parents with Autistic Children

Watson, A. (2002). The Paradox of Self-Stigma and Mental Illness. Clinical psychology: Science and Practice, 9(1), 35-53. doi:10.1093/clipsy.9.1.35. Ekas, N., Whitman, T., & Shivers, C. (2008). Religiosity, Spirituality, and Socioemotional Functioning in Mothers of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. J Autism DevDisord, 39(5), 706-719. doi:10.1007/s10803-008-0673-4 Kashdan, T., Pelham, W., Lang, A., Hoza, B., Jacob, R., & Jennings, J. et al. (2002). Hope and Optimism as Human Strengths in Parents of Children with Externalizing Disorders: Stress is in the Eye of the Beholder. Journal of Social and Clinical psychology, 21(4), 441-468. doi:10.1521/jscp.21.4.441.22597 Papageorgiou, V., & Kalyva, E. (2010). Self-reported needs… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

with the benefit of enhanced problem solving and improved reasoning capabilities (Department of psychology, 2010). There are four major identity statuses i.e. foreclosure, identity diffusion, identity moratorium, and identity achievement. Foreclosure can be described as handed-down or under pressure identity since the individual makes premature commitment without considering alternatives whereas identity diffusion is a state characterized by lack of commitments or exploration of alternatives in life-defining segments (Tsang, Hui & Law, 2012). On the other hand, identity moratorium is a state in which an individual is in a crisis since while he/she actively explores alternatives, he/she is yet to… Continue Reading...

As Nature Made Him by John Colapinto

account reflects ideas and thoughts linked to sexual and gender identity, psychology, masculinity, ego and societal acceptance (BookReview, 2011). Introduction This narrative is introduced through an interview of its key character, David Reimer, by its author, John Colapinto; when the latter starts posing tough questions, readers see the scene transitioning into a succession of events experienced by the former's mom and dad. Readers get a glimpse of how the couple met, fell in love, and ended up facing the problems that form the essence of this book (York, 2015). "My parents feel very guilty, as if it were their… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

law, gun violence, firearms policies, criminology, sociology, political science, geopolitics, and psychology. By utilizing databases such as GunPolicy.org, developed and hosted by the University of Sydney, more in-depth research and a better range of data could be compiled to help fill in the gap noted by Duquet and Van Alstein (2015). Chapter 3: Variation in Violence Introduction The question of variance is an important one in this subject because it highlights the fact that regions within states and within the EU as a whole differ dramatically from place to place in terms of type of gun violence and the… Continue Reading...

Social Work Mental Health Issues

concern. References Marsella (2011). Twelve Critical Issues for Mental Health Professionals Working with Ethno-Culturally Diverse Populations. psychology International. Oct 2011. Retrieved online: http://www.apa.org/international/pi/2011/10/critical-issues.aspx NASW (2017). Mental health. Retrieved online: https://www.socialworkers.org/pressroom/features/issue/mental.asp Sjhankar, J., Martin, J. & McDonald, C. (2009). Emerging Areas of Practice for Mental Health Social Workers: Education and Employment. Australian Social Work 62(1): 28-44. Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Employability Of Graduates

well as the emotions of others they interact with ( psychology Today, 2017). EI or sometimes referred to as Emotional Quotient (EQ) is significantly different from intelligence quotient or IQ. As the EI can be improved, the IQ of an individual cannot be improved and it has been observed that the EI of an individual can influence more the success of an individual than the IQ. Some of the qualities that determine the level of EI of an individual are self-control, empathy, teamwork, self-confidence, effective communication and achievement orientation (Gleeson B., 2017). Emotional intelligence models There are three main theories… Continue Reading...

Elderly Showing Early Signs Of Dementia

J. M., & Ballesteros, S. (2014). Video game training enhances cognition of older adults: A meta-analytic study. psychology and Aging, 29(3), 706-716. Annotated Bibliography Aristotle University Of, T., Greek Association for Alzheimer Disease and Related, D., Instituto, P., & Virtual Reality Medical Center, U. (2015). Cognitive/Physical Computer-Game Blended Training with Personalized Brain Network Activation Technology for the Elderly (AlterniityAR). This paper addresses a new Virtual Reality Interface offering whole-body involvement "Alterniity AR." More precisely, it provides computer-based exercises mixed together with gaming activities. Authors examined the influence likely moderating factors had on both discrete training schemes and exercise-generated cognitive… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Poverty on the Brain

& Colombo, J. A. (2009). Poverty and Brain Development During Childhood: An Approach from Cognitive psychology and Neuroscience. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. Luby, J., Belden, A., Botteron, K., Marrus, N., Harms, M. P., Babb, C., . . . Barch, D. (2013). The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development: The Mediating Effect of Caregiving and Stressful Life Events. JAMA Pediatrics, 167(12), 1135 -- 1142. doi.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.3139 Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

cases, it could be a combination of two or all of the above (E-Criminal psychology para 20). Question 3 Severally, the actions and attitude of humans have been seen as a factor of their experiences and genetic build; on the other hand, the ways in which genetic modification affect one's behavior is still a hot topic of debate. Most times, this topic causes serious arguments with some even getting emotional as each try to shape the link between criminal tendencies. This unwillingness to factor in genetic influences on criminality is subtly caused by political benefits, nonetheless, it also brings… Continue Reading...

Children Going to Jail

industries where there are lines that should not be crossed, inside or outside of "work". psychology and therapists are a good example but prison guards are as well. The ethical implications and guidelines in question are huge and cannot be disregarded. The person who had the child with an inmate while the person was in jail is not something that can be accepted or allowed for and that person should never be a prison guard or in a job remotely that important ever again. The fact that the inmate in question was on death row at the federal level… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

basis for carrying out the research. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is a theory in the field of psychology that links an individual's belief to his/her behaviors. According to LaMorte (2016), this theory has been successfully utilized to forecast and explain a series of health intentions and behaviors such as drinking, substance use, and smoking. The theory postulates that behavioral achievement is usually dependent on motivation (intention) and capability (behavioral control). The six constructs underlying the Theory of Planned Behavior are attitudes, intentions, subjective norms, social norms, perceived power, and perceived behavioral control (Ajzen, 1991). In this study,… Continue Reading...

Issues in the Field Of Neuroscience

neuropsychology as an interesting field of neuroscience since it combines concepts of psychology in the study of the nervous system, particularly brain-behavior relationships. Given the combination of neuroscience and psychology, clinical neuropsychology will enable me to feel empathy for my patients/clients when addressing their issues (Ogden, 2012). In light of my passion for this field, brain functions and neuroscience that I find interesting are neurobiological theories that explain dysfunctions in language, behavior networks, vision, memory, and emotion. These brain functions and neuroscience are interesting because they help in understanding the relationships between the brain and behavior. The academic training… Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

a database of knowledge with details about themselves, their friends, accomplices and preferred social relationships. Social psychology only considers two forms of knowledge as relevant and these are attitudes and schemas (Kihlstrom & Cantor, 2010). As soon as these two knowledge bases are formed, humans are swift to classify situations and other people and do not actually consider if they are beneficial or not, worth pursuing or not and even whether they safe or not. Due to this, we cannot truly discuss the topic of social interaction and behaviour without considering the effect of these two knowledge bases. The… Continue Reading...

Understanding Voter Behavior Patterns

theoretical contributions to the economics of information made by Anthony Downs; and certain ideas from modern cognitive psychology (9).[footnoteRef:1] [1: Samuel L. Popkin, The Reasoning Voter: Communication and Persuasion in Presidential Campaigns (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), p. 9.] Essentially, Popkin states voters ask themselves: 'Based on personal information, what is the likelihood a political candidate will be the best choice?'. Using Down's theory concerning information shortcuts, voters use the information they see from the media and from the community to build their opinions and personal knowledge of a political candidate. If they see that for example, Trump… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

about leadership that have grown out of the 20th century's focus on psychology as a means of understanding human behavior. These theories and concepts have moreover built on one another over the years so that each is a reaction to that which came before. Of course, in some cases a new idea has come along that is completely radical and different from the others and is based on a new approach to human understanding (Maslanka, 2004). Nonetheless, even before the 20th century, leadership was a concept that philosophers, statesmen and religious thinkers all propounded upon. From Machiavelli to the… Continue Reading...

Left Brain Right Brain Worldview and Doctoral Programs

Worldview Statement A cornerstone concept of pop psychology, the left brain/right brain divide is "largely bogus," (Lombrozo, 2013). However, the metaphor of left brain/right brain does somewhat accurately allow us to classify people into those whose worldviews are governed by logic and reason versus those whose worldviews allow for a greater degree of impulse and emotionality. My personal worldview is thankfully somewhere between these two extremes. Too much left brain emphasis leads to rigidity and an inability to welcome new ideas, whereas too much right brain focus may lead to superstition… Continue Reading...

Protection Of the Victims Of Crime

Factor for Violent Offending Among Juveniles. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/195737.pdf Roberts K., (2016). The psychology of Victim-Blaming. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/10/the-psychology-of-victim-blaming/502661/ Police.UK., (2017). Reporting Crime. 04 May, 2017 from https://www.police.uk/information-and-advice/reporting-crime/ Victims of Violence, (2007). Media Victimization. 04 May, 2017 from http://www.victimsofviolence.on.ca/research-library/media-and-victimization/ Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

against gangs and violence: Findings from a process and outcome evaluation. psychology of Violence, 7(2), 242-252. doi:10.1037/vio0000054 FGIA. (2017). Florida Gang Investigators Association - Home. Retrieved from http://www.fgia.org/ Continue Reading...

Human Need to Make a Commitment or Renounce a Course Of Action

"the presence of others discourages an individual from intervening in an emergency situation" ( psychology Today, 2017). In this case, most of those witnessing an occurrence whereby a situation needs some kind of intervention desist from acting simply because they expect someone else in the crowd to act or intervene. The bystander effect is clearly evident in the picture resource. Five years ago, I had firsthand experience of this phenomenon. I was in the company of some family members and we had just done some shopping and were headed to our car when we encountered an ugly scene in the… Continue Reading...

The Trouble with Innocence Article Analysis

consider and follow other promising and interesting leads, for instance an acquaintance and coworker of Mayfield's, as well as psychology professor Frederick Mears, a specialist in polygraphs who called the police department a few days after the murder. This indicates the lack of accountability of the police. The prosecutors and the police department, ought to be held accountable for their actions owing to the fact that their misconduct led to Cook's conviction and also gave rise to his execution. In conclusion, the article delineates the experiences of Kerry Max Cook. An individual that was convicted in 1978 for the… Continue Reading...

Understanding Depression

will be examined through the psychological perspective. As defined in psychology, depression is a mood disorder causing an ongoing feeling of loss of interest and sadness. Depression can affect how one feels emotionally and physically, often requiring long-term treatment. This report aims to understand the word depression, its roots, and why it is being used today to categorize a mood disorder. The word depression has been used for quite some time. When examined as a noun, is was first seen in the late 14th century from Old French and used as an astronomy term. It can also be directly… Continue Reading...

Child’s Play

The child I observed at the park seemed to be a toddler aged around three years. This study will focus on the aforementioned preschooler's game-playing trends, gender identity development, parenting style exhibited by his parents, language development and personality and cognitive developmental stages. At the park, the subject in question was largely seen playing the following games. • Sardines Sardines represents a unique form of the traditional game of hide and seek. A single player hides whereas the remaining are to turn the other way and count. When the hiding player is found by any one seeker, the latter joins… Continue Reading...

Aged Population Showing Early Symptoms Of Dementia

& Ballesteros, S. (2014). Video game training enhances cognition of older adults: A meta-analytic study. psychology and Aging, 29(3), 706-716. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2013). World Population Ageing 2013. ST/ESA/SER.A/348 Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

Organized psychology’s Involvement in the Eugenics Movement The eugenics movement that began in the United States during the 1920s reached a brutal extreme with the Nazis’ experimentation with improving the racial stock of human beings through controlled breeding, and this movement would have significant implications well into the 21st century (Sutton, 2015). Many practitioners today, though, may be unaware of organized psychology’s role in contributing to the eugenics movement during the 20th century (Newhouse, 2016). To gain some new insights into this issue,… Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

Blending pop psychology with cognitive science, Christopher Chabris and Daniel Simons write about perceptual biases and inattentional blindness in The Invisible Gorilla. Sparked by a now-famous experiment the authors performed, The Invisible Gorilla: How Our Intuitions Deceive Us is not as much about intuition as the subtitle of the book suggests. Rather, the book describes six ways our brains are fooled by illusions. Recognizing and understanding the illusions can prevent people from making critical mistakes in judgment. Those mistakes can sometimes be egregious, as when cops presume a black man… Continue Reading...

Understanding Various Aspects Of Logistics Management

to error based on the unpredictability of the human psychology (Murphy & Knemeyer, 2014). Besides, even if predictability were to happen, it would not be consistent at all times. · The life cost principle considers the complete life cycle of the entire equipment used in material handling when tabulating the material handling cost. The principle relates to budgeting for capital expenditure as well as the rest of operating and non-operating expenses. References Murphy, P. R., Knemeyer, A. M. (2014). Contemporary Logistics, 11th Ed. New York, NY: Pearson Continue Reading...

Theory Of Motivation and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

and opportunities for theory, research, and unification. Review of General psychology, 10(4), 302-317. Maslow, A.H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review 50(4): 370-396. Taormina, R.J. & Gao, J.H. (2013). Maslow and the motivation hierarchy: measuring satisfaction of the needs. The American Journal of psychology 126(2): 156-177. Udechukwu, I.I. (2009). Correctional officer turnover. Public Personnel Management 38(2): 69-82. Continue Reading...

Poem Analysis the Very End by Tom Sleigh

references to how she would read the latest work about child psychology. The sum total of this would be that the grandmother was an avid reader of literature, with an apparent focus on non-fiction such as history and psychology. Another rather telling reference is the concurrent use of the words “gloved” and “threatening”. This would seem to indicate that his grandmother had a warm yet sinister voice or tone (Sleigh). Another obvious theme is the sum total of the historical references. They are all in reference to Rome. The references to Caligula, Nero, the “Roman sun” and the triumvirate… Continue Reading...

Christian Worldview

life. Retrieved from http://lc.gcumedia.com/cwv101/the-beginning-of-wisdom- an-introduction-to-christian-thought-and-life/v2.1/#/chapter/Introduction Miller, W., & Delaney, H. (2005). Judeo-Christian perspectives on psychology: Human nature, motivation, and change. U.S.: American Psychological Association. Shwarz, H. (2011). The God who is: The Christian God in a pluralistic world. Eugene: Cascade Books. Wiegel, P., & Prud’homme, J. (2015). The philosophy of human nature in Christian perspective. Bern: Peter Lang. Continue Reading...

Psychology and Behaviorism Essay Outline

I. Introduction Although behaviorism is now considered part of psychology, it was not always. Early behaviorists tried hard to set themselves apart from the psychology of their day, which many believed focused too much on the subconscious mind. Behaviorism was the first attempt to study human behavior using the scientific method. However, there were many different approaches to behaviorism. II. The Early Foundations of Behaviorism A. The structuralism versus functionalism debate 1. Structuralism: Wilhelm Wundt and Edward Tichener tried to show that they could use introspection as a scientific method with the goal of objectively understanding the… Continue Reading...

History Of Psychology Annotated Bibliography

granted how classical conditioning was introduced to the field of psychology. This article starts with a brief section about the precursors of Pavlov’s famous dog salivation response experiments. The precursor to Pavlov was Twitmyer’s knee-jerk reflexes. Like Green (2009), Clark (2004) talks a little of William James and his contributions to the early evolution of psychology. Then, Clark (2004) delves into the meat of the matter: Pavlov’s experiments. Using dogs as subjects, the Russian scientist revolutionized the study of human behavior with his studies showing how classical conditioning works. Clark (2004) traces Pavlov’s work, and also shows how it… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

occur and how to best prevent false confessions. Annotation 2 Reference: Ofshe, R.J. & Leo, R.A. (1997). The social psychology of police interrogation. Studies in Law, Politics, and Society 16(1997): https://www.reid.com/pdfs/doj2301_2399.pdf Annotation: Although this source is 20 years old, as Forrest, Wadkins & Larson (2006) point out, “there is little evidence that the frequency of false confessions has decreased” at all since the 1990s (p. 621). In this research by Ofshe & Leo (1997), the authors first trace the historical evolution of police interrogation techniques from the use of the “third degree” physical torture methods to the use of more psychological… Continue Reading...

Self-concept and Perception

responses from others. References Argyle, M. (2008). Social encounters: Contributions to social interaction. Aldine Transaction. Baumeister, R. F. (1999). The self in social psychology. Philadelphia, PA: psychology Press. McLeod, S. A. (2008). Self Concept. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/self-concept.html Continue Reading...

Behaviorism As a Separate School Of Thought

Question 1 All the early pioneers of behaviorism including Watson were important to the development of psychology as a social science (Moore, 2011). In fact, Watson deserves the most credit for being the first person to propose behaviorism as a science, using the tools of the scientific method to measure human behavior. However, human behavior is remarkably complex and Watson’s early research failed to capture the nuances of human cognitive-behavioral responses. Pavlov built upon Watson’s foundation, and is probably the most famous of all the pioneering behaviorists. Pavlov’s famous dog experiments have become part of the common… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Childhood and Adulthood

wait to be adults, but adults often wish they were still children. The psychology of childhood is completely different from the psychology of adulthood. Children can live in a fantasy world and get away with it, whereas an adult who escapes in a fantasy world would be considered mentally ill. Children dream big and have no sense of limitations; they believe they are invincible and capable of anything. By the time they are adults, people become discouraged by rejections, failures, and the pressures of daily life. Burdened with personal responsibilities, the newly minted adult loses the sense of joy, wonder,… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography for Criminal Psychology

my own work. The topic I am considering for my annotated bibliography is criminal psychology. Criminal psychology addresses the psychological motivations for committing crime, including personality theories and theories that take into account biological, social, and environmental risk factors. Because I do not yet know what specific area to research, I will start with three general sources about criminal psychology. The following is my preliminary annotated bibliography on criminal psychology. Annotated Bibliography Andrews, D.A. & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of Criminal Conduct. New Providence: Matthew Bender. This is a textbook on criminal psychology, focusing on various psychological theories explaining… Continue Reading...

Talk Therapy and Psychotherapy in Psychology

1. The term “depth psychology” is appropriate for referring to psychoanalysis, but not for all types of psychotherapy. Any psychotherapy that involves in-depth self-assessments through the exploration of unconscious or subconscious urges, dreams, or childhood memories can be considered depth psychology. As the term suggests, depth psychology presumes that psychological issues have deep roots, requiring a process of systematic digging. Self-awareness is only possible through an understanding of all psychic content that has been and still is being repressed or suppressed (Axelrod, 2012). Depth psychology is therefore important… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Neo Freudianism

the major issues that emerged in the post-Freudian era. This source acknowledges Freud’s contributions to social psychology, which are frequently overlooked. What is interesting about the Hall & Lindzey (1957) analysis is that the authors show how Adler, Fromm, Horney, and Sullivan became interested in humanistic issues like self-realization. The concept of self-realization was only implicit in Freud’s work, which was more focused on the processes and structures of the subconscious mind. Scaturo, D. J. (2005). Clinical dilemmas in psychotherapy: A transtheoretical approach to psychotherapy integration. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Chapter 8 in Scaturo’s (2005) Clinical Dilemmas in Psychotherapy… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

therapist to blend elements from mythology, symbolism, metaphysics, and transpersonal psychology. As the symbols of the subconscious mind during the waking state blend with the unconscious mind’s dream lexicon, the therapist can easily aid the older client to find meaning and resolve existential crises. The process of psychotherapy can be used to trigger improved dream recall, which then allows the client to reflect on the surfacing material. Manifest material in dreams can offer clues to its latent content: which in turn reveals clues to ego defense mechanisms and neuroses. This is particularly true among clients who have experienced trauma… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Examinations

of Kansas. 21 Oct. 1988. Print. Wiley, Krista. \"Getting Away With Murder.\" psychology Today, 12 Feb. 2013, www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201302/getting-away- murder. Accessed 7 Oct. 2017. Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

Film Summary. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/antwone-fisher-2002 Marshall& Brown. (2006). Personality psychology (740). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://drcb.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/2017/02/07/marshall-brown-2006/ Schultz & Schultz, (2009). A History of Modern psychology. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from https://www.amazon.com/History-Modern-psychology-Duane-Schultz/dp/0495097993 Seal. (2003), July 14). Antwone Fisher (2002). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0168786/ Seal, F. (2002). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.cinematherapy.com/birgitarticles/antwonefisher.html   Continue Reading...

Psychoanalysis and the Different Types Of Research

more controversial elements of Freudian theory. References McLeod, S. (2008). Psychosexual stages. Simply psychology. Retrieved online: https://www.simplypsychology.org/psychosexual.html Tauber, A.I. (2012). Freud’s social theory: Modernist and postmodernist revisions. History of the Human Sciences 0(0): 1-30.   Continue Reading...

Education Classroom Design and Literacy Development

Environments. Routledge. Cope, B. & Kalantzis, M. (2002). Multiliteracies. London: Routledge. Dornyei, Z. (2016). The psychology of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford University Press. Land, S.M., Hannafin, M.J. & Oliver, K. (2012). Student-centered learning environments: Foundations, assumptions, and design. In Theoretical Foundations of Learning Environments. Routledge. “Learning Environment Design,” (n.d.). Learning Solutions Magazine. Retrieved online: https://www.learningsolutionsmag.com/articles/75/learning-environment-design/page2 Neff, L.S. (n.d.). Lev Vygotsky and social learning theories. Learning Theories. Retrieved online: https://jan.ucc.nau.edu/lsn/educator/edtech/learningtheorieswebsite/vygotsky.htm “New Teachers: Designing Learning Environments,” (2015). Edutopia. Retrieved online: https://www.edutopia.org/article/new-teachers-designing-classroom-learning-environment-resources Phillips, M. (2014). A place for learning. Edutopia. Retrieved online: https://www.edutopia.org/blog/the-physical-environment-of-classrooms-mark-phillips Schumacher, D.J., Englander, R. & Carraccio, C. (2013). Developing the master… Continue Reading...

Process Based Organizational Change Efforts

or what has worked in the past. Unfortunately, change resistance is a part of organizational psychology on a nearly universal basis. It is essential to take steps to counteract the inevitable pushback that occurs when a change is proposed. When processes are being subject to change, the threat may be greater, as cherished standardized operating procedures by organizational actors are being threatened. “Resistance can have many different appearances, varying from foot-dragging, withdrawal, material sabotage and whistleblowing,” to simply ignoring the change (Pieterse, Caniëls, & Homan, 2012, p. 800). On the other hand, the idea that change is always irrational may… Continue Reading...

Growth Vs Fixed Mindset

Wiley & Sons Canada, Limited, John, 2017. Dweck, Carol S. Mindset: The New psychology of Success. Random House Publishing Group, 2008. Kakutani, Michiko. "Book Review: The Casual Vacancy? by J. K. Rowling." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia, 27 Sept. 2012, www.nytimes.com/2012/09/27/books/book-review-the-casual-vacancy-by-j-k-rowling.html. Accessed 4 Dec. 2017. Langley, Travis. ""Inside Out": Emotional Truths by Way of Pixar." psychology Today, 24 June 2015, www.psychologytoday.com/blog/beyond-heroes-and-villains/201506/inside-out-emotional-truths-way-pixar. Accessed 4 Dec. 2017. Ricci, Mary C, and Margaret Lee. Mindsets for Parents: Strategies to Encourage Growth Mindsets in Kids. Sourcebooks, 2016. Sheehan, Kevin, and Jessica Ryan. Growing a Growth Mindset: Unlocking Character Strengths Through Children's Literature. Rowman & Littlefield, 2017. Continue Reading...

Careers in Criminal Justice and Prospects

occasion, applying all I have learned in my criminal justice, sociology, and psychology courses to working with offenders trying to reintegrate themselves into their communities. In fact, I even believe that I can make a difference in the lives of others. My education has shown me what the role of the corrections officer is in the community, and within the government. I see that I am entrusted with the responsibility of helping reduce rates of recidivism by monitoring my cases. When I approach potential employers in the state of Missouri, they will recognize that I received my Bachelor’s degree… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism and Neo Behaviorism Approaches

Classical S-R Behaviorism Behaviorism is regarded as an approach in the field of psychology that emphasizes the significant role of environmental factors in shaping people’s behavior. This approach of psychology emphasizes that environmental factors influence behavior more than intrinsic or genetic factors. Based on this school of thought, all behaviors are influenced by interactions with the environment and therefore focuses on stimulus-response behaviors. The behaviorist movement has attracted several varying perspectives among different psychologists including John Watson’s classical S-R behaviorism. Classical S-R behaviorism is an approach that postulates that all psychological functions can be explained through observable, overt, and measurable… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

that music engages, within the listener, a broad array of psychology-influencing neurobiological systems (Bergland, 2012).  Music apparently impacts an individual’s physical performance by enhancing vigor with shifting rhythms and diverse tempos, in contrast to the utter absence of music (Belford et al, 2013). This paper will address three distinct models with an aim to gauge the influence or degree of influence of music on individuals working out at gymnasiums. Observation and Models Model 1: Concentration represents an attentional practice entailing the capability of paying attention to a given activity and not being diverted by distractions. Music aids in paying… Continue Reading...

Bandura Self Efficacy and Chomsky Skinner Debate

reveals a deep understanding of the goals and methods of psychology. The most significant point Chomsky makes is related to the seeming oversimplification of Skinner’s brand of behaviorism. Chomsky believed that Skinner was basing his entire view of human behavior and learning on simplistic stimulus-response activity, and Chomsky wanted to show that human beings are far more complex than animals. Coming at the issue from the perspective of a linguist, Chomsky also focused on how complex verbal behaviors are, and suggested that behaviorism cannot explain how human beings process language. Chomsky also suggested that Skinner’s methodologies were weak, in… Continue Reading...

Education Classroom Management Journal

and authoritarian model towards one more steeped in developmental psychology, social justice, and compassion. Within a new educational paradigm, teachers can provide structure in the classroom without expecting “conformity” or “obedience” per se (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013, p. 21). Teachers working within a classroom management paradigm that emphasizes trust and relationship building create far more effective educational environments. Still, teachers do need to be armed with information and specific strategies. Some of the strategies recommended including improved awareness of non-verbal communication cues and a systematic means of redirecting and reframing problematic behavior (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013). Effective… Continue Reading...

Political Beliefs Personal Reflection

fulfilling our dreams is what makes people happy. When we learn about intrinsic motivation in psychology class, we learn the fundamental foundation of conservative political philosophy. People need to be motivated by a deep inner drive to do good. The government cannot impose a set of morals or values, although the government does exist to prevent me from infringing on your rights or you from infringing on mine in an egregious way. Through his research in economics, Brooks came to the conclusion that free enterprise and capitalism do drive happiness—contrary to what socialists and many more moderate liberals believe.… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

& Ryan, R. M. (2008). Self-determination theory: A macrotheory of human motivation, development, and health. Canadian psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 49(3), 182-185. How might attribution theory provide an understanding of a person's behavior? How can a teacher, parent, coach, or other person in a leadership position use this theory to motivate an unmotivated individual? Attribution theory shows how individuals attribute their own behaviors to internal or external causes. For example, some people blame other people when they fail, whereas others blame themselves. A person who claims, “I’m just not good at math” internally attributes their performance on a math test to something… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

their efficacy. Integration of the latter initiative’s aspects and cognitive behavioral therapy and cognitive psychology strategies resulted in the former’s creation. At first, MBCT was labeled Attentional Control Training, concentrating chiefly on psychiatric disorder treatment. Xie and colleagues (2014) claim that the general psychological health improvements depicted by individuals undergoing MBCT may stem from various training-related advantages. Thus, anxiety and depression diagnosed individuals may profit from MBCT during rehab, for facilitating long-run maintenance of improved QOL (quality of life). Being deployed to the battlefield is linked to an appreciable growth in fresh onset substance use disorder, PTSD (post-traumatic stress… Continue Reading...

The Causes Of Fake News and How to Prevent It

it. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. https://thebulletin.org/technology-helped-fake-news-now-technology-needs-stop-it11285 Heshmat, S. (2015). What is confirmation bias? psychology Today. 23 April, 2015. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-choice/201504/what-is-confirmation-bias Papanastasiou, Y. (2017). Fake news propagation and detection. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3028354 Pennycook, G., Cannon, T.G. & Rand, D.G. (2017). Implausibility and illusory truth. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2958246 Pennycook, G. & Rand, D.G. (2017). The implied truth effect. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3035384 Shao, C., Ciampaglia, G.L., Varol, O. et al (2017). The spread of misinformation by social bots. Social and Information Networks. https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07592 Verma, N., Fleischmann, K.R. & Koltai, K.S. (2017). Human values and trust in scientific journals, the mainstream media, and fake news. 80th Annual Meeting of the… Continue Reading...

Deepak Chopra Book Path Of Love

elements drawn from thousand year-old spiritual traditions, with a smattering of modern psychology and pop psychology. The book is not written for an audience interested in cognitive science or any evidence-based practice. Rather, The Path to Love is a spiritual text written for those seeking an emotional and cognitive transformation on a deep personal level. Chapter two, “The Path” is about what love is, and how love heals all aspects of the human spirit. Chapter three is the book’s most extensive, and covers many aspects of romantic love and intimate relationships. Chapter four is focused on the subject of… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

use of force against innocent people. As Moore (2013) points out, behaviorism and cognitive psychology combine into cognitive-behaviorism, which is frequently used in human resources to cultivate specific norms and values. Police organizations have entrenched cultures that are notoriously difficult to change, because they are “boys club” type of cultures that create tight inner circles or in-groups that reward those who conform (“Understanding Police Culture,” n.d., p. 23). There are some positive elements to police organizational culture, which can be retained while still encouraging change. Growing public outrage over police brutality is aiding law enforcement change, feeding into the… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

Leadership Enhance Employee Proactive Behavior? The Role of Autonomy and Role Breadth Self-Efficacy. Journal of Applied psychology, 97(1), 194-202. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370. Schyns, B., Schilling, J. (2013). How bad are the effects of bad leaders? A meta-analysis of destructive leadership and its outcomes. The Leadership Quarterly, 24, 138-158. Continue Reading...

Transformational Leadership Personal Reflection

flourish as a fully effective transformational leader. References Boyes, K. (2015) How to use your strengths to overcome your weaknesses. psychology Today. Retrieved January 21, 2018 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-practice/201506/how-use-your-strengths-overcome-your-weaknesses Hogg, B. (2018) 7 must have transformational leadership qualities. Bill Hogg & Associates. Retrieved January 21, 2018 from https://www.billhogg.ca/2016/02/7-must-have-transformational-leadership-qualities/ Kokemuller, N. (2018) Advantages and disadvantages of transformational leadership. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved January 21, 2017 from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-disadvantages-transformational-leadership-20979.html Y Culture (2018) 10 transformational leadership characteristics. Y Culture. Retrieved January 21, 2018 from https://yscouts.com/10-transformational-leadership-characteristics/ Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

helping reconcile several earlier-paradoxical discoveries and settling fundamental social psychology- and personality- linked issues (Mischel & Shoda, 1995). C. Tutorial: Cognitive psychology as a radical behaviorist views it.  This article proves valuable owing to its thorough analysis of cognitive psychology in the form of a positional class with specific generic characteristics. Understanding this limitation as regards the current description, the author commences by recording a few of cognitive psychology’s broad features, nature and background. Cognitive psychology has been contrasted against behaviorism. Particularly intriguing are the philosophical and abstract distinctions between the two, as they deal with explanatory practices. Further,… Continue Reading...

Closing the Achievement Gap

in academic writing for Latinos and English learners in Grades 7–12. Journal Of Educational psychology, 109(1), 1-21. doi:10.1037/edu0000095 Royle, J., & Brown, C. G. (2014). School Administrators' Perceptions of the Achievement Gap between African American Students and White Students. Education Leadership Review of Doctoral Research, 1(2), 85-95. Yarbrough, J. L., Cannon, L., Bergman, S., Kidder-Ashley, P., & McCane-Bowling, S. (2017). Let the Data Speak: Gender Differences in Math Curriculum-Based Measurement. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 35(6), 568-580. Young, J. L., Young, J. R., & Ford, D. Y. (2017). Standing in the Gaps: Examining the Effects of Early Gifted Education on Black Girl Achievement in STEM. Journal of… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

goals. Article: Bakker, A.B. (2015). Towards a multilevel approach of employee well-being. European Journal of Work and Organizational psychology 24(6): 839-843. Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2015.1071423 Annotation: Employee wellbeing is strongly associated with collaboration in the workplace and the collective commitment to reaching organizational goals, according to prior literature. Bakker (2015) builds on prior literature in the areas of personality diversity and organizational objectives. This article first outlines various theories of organizational psychology including job demands-resources theory, which shows how top-level management decisions can mitigate the detrimental effects of personality diversity on organizational commitment. At the same time, employee commitment can positively enhance… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Using Bilingual Call Compared to Family Interpreters Research Paper

for close monitoring of the diet, physical activity, practicing healthy living and an overall positive psychology towards the quality of life to avoid negligence (Jacobs et al., 2006). However, facilitation of active management becomes almost impossible for patients who have no close careers as well as a comprehensive insurance cover that incorporates linguistic translation services. Additionally, the financial capability of the elderly LEP patient is often a limiting factor. Teaching the patients on the self-management practices and engaging them out of the clinical setting is also hardly possible with the challenges presented by the language barrier and financing of… Continue Reading...

Treating Adhd and Odd in Children

of children and adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Child psychology and Psychiatry. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12825. Harvey, E. A., Breaux, R. P., & Lugo-Candelas, C. I. (2016). Early development of comorbidity between symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Journal of Abnormal psychology, 125(2), 154. Hutchison, L., Feder, M., Abar, B., & Winsler, A. (2016). Relations between parenting stress, parenting style, and child executive functioning for children with ADHD or autism. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(12), 3644-3656. Johnston, C., & Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2015). Families and ADHD. In R. A. Barkley (Ed.), Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (pp.… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

Assimilation of the elements of MBSR together with cognitive behavioral therapy and cognitive psychology approaches gave rise to the formation of MBCT. Initially, the latter was referred to as Attentional Control Training and fundamentally lay emphasis on treating psychiatric disorder. In accordance to a study conducted by Xie et al. (2014), the overall improvements in mental health portrayed by people going through MBCT may emanate from different benefits associated to training. As a result, individuals with diagnoses for depression and anxiety can benefit from MBCT while undergoing rehabilitation for enabling longstanding maintenance of enhanced quality of life. Persons deployed… Continue Reading...

Serial Killers and the Media

though the majority of criminals do not fit this profile. Often the psychology and methods of serial killers are sensationalized in the media. Serial killers have also figured prominently as popular characters in film and cinema. This raises some problematic questions about the coverage of serial killers, however. First, is too much attention given to them, versus other, less cinematic crimes? Secondly, does the media attention fuel the desire within some potential perpetrators to commit crimes? Of course, the idea that coverage of violent crimes can lead to the perpetuation of violence is not a new one: As noted… Continue Reading...

Philosophy in Education Being and Inclusiveness

Q1. The mind-body problem in psychology has been discussed consistently since Plato. Discuss Dewey’s approach to understanding experience using Heidegger’s conception of mind and body and any relation to Heidegger’s approach to ontology? In what way does Husserl’s concept of ontology relate to the ideas of Dewey and Heidegger?   According to Neill (2005), the educational philosopher John Dewey attempted to overcome the deficits of both traditional and progressive education by stressing that experience is a product of a dialogue between continuity, defined as the individual’s concept… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

God and eating disorder tendencies: The mediating role of social comparison.  psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 6(4), 349. Hruby, A., & Hu, F. B. (2015). The epidemiology of obesity: a big picture.  Pharmacoeconomics, 33(7), 673-689. Le Grange, D., Swanson, S. A., Crow, S. J., & Merikangas, K. R. (2012). Eating disorder not otherwise specified presentation in the US population. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 45(5), 711-718. Lundahl, A., Wahlstrom, L., Christ, C. & Stoltenberg, S. (2015). Gender differences in the relationship between impulsivity and disordered eating behaviors and attitudes.  Eat Behav, 18, 120-124. Milano, W., De Rosa, M., Milano, L., Riccio, A., Sanseverino, B., &… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Csr and Employee Attitudes Essay

and Mohr, D. C. (2003). Familiarity, ambivalence, and firm reputation: Is corporate fame a double-edged sword? Journal of Applied psychology, 88(5), 904–914. Burmann, C., Schaefer, K., & Maloney, P. (2008). Industry image: Its impact on the brand image of potential employees. Journal of Brand Management, 15(3), 157-176. Chang, M. J., Ko, Y. J., Connaughton, D. P., & Kang, J. H. (2016). The effects of perceived CSR, pride, team identification, and regional attachment: the moderating effect of gender. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 20(2), 145-159. de Chernatony, L., Cottam, S. & Segal-Horn, S. (2006). Communicating service brands’ values internally & externally. The Service Industries Journal,… Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

or system of thought that contains a theology, philosophy, ethics, biology, psychology, sociology, economics, politics, law and history.”[footnoteRef:12] Secular humanism clearly does not rise to the level of a religion for a number of reasons. While secular humanists espouse a nebulous ethical doctrine and draw on the various sciences listed above (as well as others),[footnoteRef:13] secular humanism as a worldview cannot be regarded as a religion because it fails to include the fundamental concepts of transcendence, the existence of supernatural explanations for otherwise seemingly natural events, or the need for subjugation to a quid pro quo relationship with one… Continue Reading...

Formative Assessment Strategies for English Language Learners

& Cizek, G. J. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of formative assessment. Routledge. Clark, I. (2012). Formative assessment: Assessment is for self-regulated learning. Educational psychology Review, 24(2), 205-249. Colby-Kelly, C., & Turner, C. E. (2007). AFL research in the L2 classroom and evidence of usefulness: Taking formative assessment to the next level. Canadian Modern Language Review, 64(1), 9-37. Leung, C. (2004). Developing formative teacher assessment: Knowledge, practice, and change. Language Assessment Quarterly: An International Journal, 1(1), 19-41. Continue Reading...

Consumer Behavior Advertising and Cultural Appeal

Ehlers, L., Engelbrecht, M., Joubert, R., & Sanders, S. (2007). Buyer behaviour: Understanding consumer psychology and marketing. Cape Town: Oxford University Press. Hoyer, W. D., MacInnis, D. J., & Pieters, R. (2016). Customer behavior. Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company. Khan, I., Dongping, H., Abdullah, M., Ahmad, Z., Ahmad Ghauri, T., & Ghazanfar, S. (2017). Men’s attitude and motivation toward consumption of grooming products: A comparison of Chinese and Pakistani male consumers. Cogent Business & Management, 4(1), 1309783. Koekemoer, L. (2014). Marketing communication: An integrated approach. Juta. Solomon, M. R., Dahl, D. W., White, K., Zaichkowsky, J. L., & Polegato, R. (2014). Consumer behavior: Buying, having, and… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

https://www.med.unc.edu/phyrehab/pim/files/Concepts%20of%20Healing.pdf Henriques, G. (2015). The biopsychosocial model and its limitations. psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/theory-knowledge/201510/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-its-limitations Sakallaris, B.R., MacAllister, L., Voss, M., et al (2015). Optimal healing environments. Global Advances in Health and Medicine 4(3): 40-45. University of Maryland Medical Center (2018). Mind-body medicine. https://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/treatment/mindbody-medicine   Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

healing and models of care. https://www.med.unc.edu/phyrehab/pim/files/Concepts%20of%20Healing.pdf Henriques, G. (2015). The biopsychosocial model and its limitations. psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/theory-knowledge/201510/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-its-limitations Sakallaris, B.R., MacAllister, L., Voss, M., et al (2015). Optimal healing environments. Global Advances in Health and Medicine 4(3): 40-45. University of Maryland Medical Center (2018). Mind-body medicine. https://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/treatment/mindbody-medicine   Continue Reading...

Research Design in Psychology

a variable of interest,” beyond the theoretical definitions that can be applied later (“Conducting Research in Social psychology,” n.d., p. 1). Whereas the theoretical definitions of intelligence can be broad, like “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge,” operational definitions are narrower in scope because they need to be easily measured (Legg & Hutter, 2006, p. 2). For example, if mathematical intelligence is being measured, then an established mathematical skills test needs to be administered to research participants. Social skills intelligence needs to be measured using an established self-report survey or observational parameter. One of the most common operational definitions… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

and Objective Indicators. European Journal of Work and Organizational psychology, 25(1), 1-12. Longe, O. (2015, May 14). Impact of Workplace Conflict Management on Organizational Performance: A Case of Nigerian Manufacturing Firm. Journal of Management and Strategy, 6(2), 83-92. Mikkelsen, E.N. (2012, May). Exploring How Conflict Management Training Changes Workplace Conflicts: A Qualitative Case Study. Journal of Conflictology, 3(1), 7-17. Myatt, M. (2012, February 22). 5 Keys of Dealing with Workplace Conflict. Forbes. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikemyatt/2012/02/22/5-keys-to-dealing-with-workplace-conflict/#1623bc8f1e95 Oni-Ojo, B.E., Iyiola, O.O. & Osibanjo, A.O. (2014). Managing Workplace Conflicts in Business Environment: The Role of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).… Continue Reading...

Nature Vs Nurture Essay

in Epigenetics. Wiley, 2011. Plomin, Robert. "Beyond Nature versus Nurture." Genetics and Mental Illness, 1996, pp. 29-50. Rutherford, M. D. Developmental psychology: An Evolutionary Perspective. Lulu Press, 2016. After reading this Nature vs. Nurture essay example, we hope this helps you understand what it takes to craft a quality essay for your academic endeavors. Nature vs. Nurture can be a difficult topic to tackle because it lacks the kind of finite direction that other topics have. However, we hope we have assisted you on your journey towards academic success. If you need any additional assistance, feel free to leave a comment below, and we’ll be sure to assist… Continue Reading...

Bullying Essay

Elias, M. J., Maher, C. A., & Wiggins, L. (2007). Bullying, victimization, and peer harassment: A handbook of prevention and intervention. psychology Press. Tips for Writing Abstracts should be written last. Once all parts of the essay are constructed, then write the abstract. The abstract is a quick recap of the entire essay that is meant to pique the interest of the reader. Keep that in mind when writing. The same can be said of a thesis. Often the right thesis comes from progress in the topic. Once someone understands what the topic comprises of, it is easier to design a thesis that will help… Continue Reading...

Facebook Data Breach Essay

In this Facebook data breach essay, we discuss how Facebook allowed applications to mine user data.  The essay will explain what data was breached, how it was breached, and how that data was used.  Furthermore, the essay will also discuss the repercussions of the breach, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg’s hearing in front of the United States Senate, issues involving Cambridge Analytical, and information that is being revealed about additional data breaches. In addition to explaining the data breach, the essay will also discuss whether Facebook has a responsibility to users to keep data safe, and the steps that Facebook… Continue Reading...

My Papa's Waltz Analysis Essay

Introduction Beginning a My Papa’s Waltz analysis essay can appear like a formidable task, as the poem is so simple, yet so enigmatic. Luckily, writing such an analysis essay can help you build a higher level of appreciation for the poem, as it can show you the layers of meaning embedded throughout each line. Close scrutiny of this poem can demonstrate the power that a precise word choice can wield in communicating feelings and visuals. In this piece, the words work together to create a picture of tension, uncertainty and danger. Written over fifty years ago, My Papa’s Waltz is… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Nursing Rates Of Care Community

and Metabolism 100(2): 342-362. Bomberg, E., Birch, L., Endenburg, N. et al. (2017). The financial costs, behavior, and psychology of obesity. Journal of Comparative Pathology 156(4): 310-325. CDC (2017). Prevention strategies and guidelines. https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/resources/strategies-guidelines.html Cummins, S., Flint, E. & Matthews, S.A. (2014). New neighborhood grocery store increased awareness of food access but did not alter dietary habits or obesity. Health Affairs 33(2): https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/abs/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.0512 Kushner, R.S. (2012). Clinical assessment and management of adult obesity. Circulation 126(2012): 2870-2877. Lewis, K.H., Edwards-Hampton, S.A. & Ard, J.D. (2016). Disparities in treatment uptake and outcomes of patients with obesity in the USA. Current Obesity Reports… Continue Reading...

Sexism in Advertising Media

should be valued—and what is worse, as Kilbourne shows, they have a detrimental effect on the female psychology—inducing millions of young women to want to rush off to the stores to buy the consumer products that advertisers have convinced them will make them beautiful and have value. In conclusion, advertising is sexist—and that can be seen simply by looking at the representation of women in the medium. They are depicted unrealistically and used to generate profits for companies that want to sell their products to insecure and impressionable men and women, boys and girls. In today’s post-feminist culture, this… Continue Reading...

Stigma Of Mental Illness

a scoping review of interventions that address the stigma of mental illness in the Canadian context.  psychology, Health & Medicine, 22(5), 507-523. Link, B. G., Wells, J., Phelan, J. C., & Yang, L. (2015). Understanding the importance of “symbolic interaction stigma”: How expectations about the reactions of others adds to the burden of mental illness stigma. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 38(2), 117. Continue Reading...

Effective Communication Letter Of Advice

in a course on communication. Far from being based on pop psychology or pseudoscience, what I am about to tell you is based on the latest research in psychology and sociology. Ultimately, barriers to communication arise out of deeply rooted issues like insecurity, low self-esteem, and cognitive biases, as well as poorly developed communication strategies. Effective communication in a marriage therefore hinges on each of you being willing to boost emotional intelligence through self-mastery, encouraging self-awareness as well as empathy. Barriers to Communication Innumerable situational and psychological barriers to communication might arise during the course of your relationship. Conflict… Continue Reading...

Cognitive Psychology Essay

This essay discusses cognitive psychology and a specific scenario within that scientific term.  It starts out with an introduction or definition of cognitive psychology, then discusses a specific scenario, and perspectives of the scenario.  The body of this essay covers treatments, therapies, and interventions for the scenario, as well as effectiveness of therapies, before summing up the paper with a conclusion. Titles: Cognitive psychology:  Modern Approach to Human Behavior Cognitive psychology Advancements Topics: Introduction to Applied Cognitive psychology Cognitive psychology of Planning Outline: I.  Introduction II.  Body A.  Scenario B.  Psychological Perspectives C.  Treatment,… Continue Reading...

Sexism and the Media

the nephew of Sigmund Freud, Bernays understood the power of sex on human psychology, and he incorporated sex into advertising in subtle ways to help make marketing more impactful and influential on consumers. Thus, from the beginning, sex was a mainstay of modern advertising and the more effective it was understood to be (“sex sells” was the maxim), the more advertisers sought to leverage it. Women were objectified in order to satisfy the “male gaze” as Laura Mulvey put it (Turow, 2009, p. 195). Feminism challenged the notion of the objectification of women for a time, but in the… Continue Reading...

Gender and Culture in Crime

of other disciplines, from literature to business management to psychology and so on, in the field of criminal justice there is a considerable skew towards male dominance of the discipline. For example, as Fahmy and Young (2017) show, more studies on criminal justice are published by men than by women—and women, when they do conduct research and publish academic papers in the field, most often publish with other men. In fact, their “increasing co-authorship has led some to claim that the intellectual contributions of females may be devalued, systematically putting them at a disadvantage for tenure and promotion decisions”… Continue Reading...

Human Robot Interaction

this, but rather a tangential citation to a concept is psychology. The methodology of this study is rooted in this logic. Belpaeme et al also studied child-robot interaction. They also found benefits to using robots as part of a tutoring strategy. It was also a relatively small study, as were the others. They were younger than in the Alemi study. In this study, the child's gaze was recorded and this was interpreted to determine the effect of the robot. The Leite and Belpaeme studies have a more scientific methodology in the sense that they used measures other than self-reporting.… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

high-potential employees is one of the most important areas of research in industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology. Whereas the vast majority of the workforce will perform in ways that do promote organizational goals, the top performers in any organization are those that provide the firm with its competitive advantage. On the contrary, organizations that do not actively seek to identify, develop, and retain high-potential employees stand to lose a lot as top talent may seek opportunities to maximize potential elsewhere—often a competitor. Moreover, the high potential employees are those with the greatest potential to lead the firm in the future, paving… Continue Reading...

Adhd in the Classroom

computerized reading instruction on the academic performance of students identified with ADHD. School psychology Review, 34(2), 246. Mautone, J. A., DuPaul, G. J., & Jitendra, A. K. (2005). The effects of computer-assisted instruction on the mathematics performance and classroom behavior of children with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 9(1), 301-312. Pfiffner, L. J., Barkley, R. A., & DuPaul, G. J. (2006). Treatment of ADHD in school settings. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment, 3, 547-589. Continue Reading...

The Relationship Between Parental Involvement and Student Success

studies which incorporate multiple fields of study—in this case psychology and education—are encouraged. The authors’ particular cross-disciplinary study was motivated by the fact that some research studies have confirmed a strong correlation between academic achievement in school and high levels of parental involvement. The question as to why there is such a correlation remains more difficult to determine, the authors note. It may be that parental involvement enhances student success or simply that students who do well in school have other common, shared factors that enhance the likelihood of involvement (such as parents with high socio-economic status). In the… Continue Reading...

Happy 2011 Film Psychology

question—what makes people happy? As well as interviewing professionals in the field of psychology, the filmmaker Roko Belic solicited the opinion of a wide range of individuals, spanning from a rickshaw driver, a victim of a car accident, and individuals from a variety of nations, occupations, and socio-economic statuses. Belic’s search was spawned by the fact that while some individuals in the developed world enjoy high levels of affluence, they are very rarely happy. How is it possible that someone can be happier as an impoverished Cajun fisherman or a rickshaw driver in India than someone with all of… Continue Reading...

Spirituality Mind Body Spirit and Transpersonal Psychology

altered states of consciousness is considered important from the perspective of transpersonal psychology and integral theory (Ferrer, 2014). Altered states of consciousness can be used to promote self-healing because the individual is taken out of their normal cognitive routines and ruts, as well as their strict identification with the body as their sole source of identity and awareness. Integral theory can be aligned with the Christian worldview. By definition, integral theory is holistic and can be integrated with any other epistemology such as Christianity. Prayer can itself induce an altered state of consciousness, in which the individual feels in… Continue Reading...

How to Prevent Yourself from Plagiarizing

of music in the lives of older people: A qualitative study.  psychology of Music, 33(4), 437-451. Walden. (2018). Academic integrity: Plagiarism. Retrieved from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/studentaffairs/academicintegrity/plagiarism Continue Reading...

Why an Essentialist View Of Gender Is Outdated

Expression of Social Stereotypes: A Comparative Study of Spain, Brasil and England.” The Spanish Journal of psychology, vol. 13, no. 2 (July 1, 2010), pp. 808-812. Philaretou, Andreas G. and Allen, Katherine R. “Reconstructing Masculinity and Sexuality.” The Journal of Men\\'s Studies, vol. 9, no. 3 (Spring 2001), p. 301. Witt, Charles. The Metaphysics of Gender. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. Yzerbyt, Vincent and Judd, Charles M. The psychology of Group Perception: Perceived Variability, Entitativity, and Essentialism. New York: psychology Press, 2003. Zevallos, Zuleyka. “Sociology of gender.” The Other Sociologist by Dr Zuleyka Zevallos. [online] available: https://othersociologist.com/sociology-of-gender/. Continue Reading...

Who Is the Antagonist in the Legend Of Sleepy Hollow

makes him easy prey for Brom Bones Van Brunt, who uses the fragile psychology of the schoolmaster against Crane and eventually steals his bride from Crane by his successful impersonation of the horseman. In Crane’s defense, the town of Sleepy Hollow itself is said to be prone to ghost story-telling, which likely contributes to Crane’s apprehensiveness when he comes to the fateful party where he hears the story of the horseman. “Certain it is, the place still continues under the sway of some witching power, that holds a spell over the minds of the good people, causing them to… Continue Reading...

Social Media in the Uk Promoting Freedom Of Expression

& Murray, A. (2005). Human Rights in the Digital Age. London: psychology Press. McWhorter, P. (2013). Seeds of Enlightened Society. New York: Xlibris Corporation Schauer, F. (2017). Free Speech, the Search for Truth, and the Problem of Collective Knowledge. Retrieved from: https://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4682&context=smulr Thompson, S. (2012). Freedom of Expression and Hatred of Religion. Ethnicities, 12(2), 215-232. United Nations (2010). Report of the Human Rights Council. New York: United Nations Publications. UNESCO (2018). Freedom of Expression: A Fundamental Human Right Underpinning all Civil Liberties. Retrieved from: https://en.unesco.org/70years/freedom_of_expression Continue Reading...

E Cigarettes Ethical and Cultural Issues

J., Mujtaba, B. G., & Samuel, M. (2014). E-Cigarettes: An Unfolding Legal, Ethical, and Practical Quandary. Journal of psychology and Behavioural Science, 2(2), 1-44. Franck, C., Filion, K. B., Kimmelman, J., Grad, R., & Eisenberg, M. J. (2016). Ethical considerations of e-cigarette use for tobacco harm reduction. Respiratory research, 17(1), 53. Jarmul, S., Aherrera, A., & Chen, R. (2017). Lost in E-cigarette clouds: A culture on the rise. American journal of public health, 107(2), 265. Continue Reading...

Theories Of Humanistic Psychology History

Humanistic psychology Humanistic psychology has made a tremendous impact on the overall field of psychology and the social sciences in general. Since Rogers first introduced the concepts of unconditional positive regard, the ideals of professional competence in psychotherapy have changed towards client-centered perspectives and practices (McArthur & Cooper, 2017). However, humanistic psychology often eschews quantitative research methods, diverges considerably from the views in cognitive psychology, psychoanalysis and behaviorism, and has been occasionally perceived or portrayed of as too soft to be relevant… Continue Reading...

Spirituality and Humanistic Psychology Individual

1 The individual’s experience and the personal construction of meaning are central to humanistic psychology. Theorists like Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow initially promoted this humanistic view of psychology, which was contrary to the prevailing tenets of behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Instead of focusing on past experiences and environmental variables, Rogers and Maslow focused on the person’s perceptions and intrinsic motivations (“What is Humanistic psychology?” n.d.). Moreover, early theorists also negated the importance of experimental studies and other applications of the scientific method to psychological inquiry because these methods have a way of dehumanizing and devaluing personal experience (McLeod, 2015). Theorists… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Culture on Ptsd in the Middle East

and Other Traumatic Events Among Syrian Kurdish Refugees in Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 241. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5316552/ Kizilhan, J.I. (2017, December 28). Trauma and Pain in Family-Orientated Societies. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(44), 1-7. Neria, Y., Bravova, M. & Halper, J.M. (2010). Trauma and PTSD Among Civilians in the Middle East. PTSD Research Quarterly, 21(4), 1-8. Nicolas, G., Wheatley, A. & Guillaume, C. (2014, March 26). Does One Trauma Fit All? Exploring the Relevance of PTSD Across Cultures. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 8(1), 34-45. Norris, A.E. & Aroian, K.J.… Continue Reading...

The Role Media Plays in Relation to Gender Stereotypes

Brustia, P., & ROLLÈ, L. (2014). Gender and media representation. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied psychology, 5(4). Rolando, S., Taddeo, G., & Beccaria, F. (2016). New media and old stereotypes. Images and discourses about drunk women and men on YouTube. Journal of Gender Studies, 25(5), 492. doi:10.1080/09589236.2015.1041462 Kay, M., Matuszek, C., & Munson, S. A. (2015, April). Unequal representation and gender stereotypes in image search results for occupations. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 3819-3828). ACM.   Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence

on this premises that this proposal looks at the possibility of having psychology of Emotional Intelligence (EI) facilitating global sales of latest gadgets manufactured in the US across the world. Hypothesis Using emotional intelligence as a marketing tool towards targeted virtual teams in Asia can be as effective as one on one sales strategies used in marketing of luxurious electronic devices. Research questions 1. Is there difference in emotional intelligence among the female and male youth living in Asian cities of ages 15-30 years of age. 2. Are there sizeable virtual teams of youth in Asia that can form… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

research methods. Research methods like interviews can be used with either a descriptive or an interpretive approach to phenomenological psychology. Descriptive (Husserl-based) Phenomenological Methods Descriptive phenomenological research methods emerged from Husserl. The main tenets of descriptive phenomenological methods are to allow the participants to share their descriptions and thereby construct the lived experience independently of the researcher’s own background, perspective, or biases. Conclusions can be drawn from a set of data collected from methods such as interviewing. One goal of descriptive phenomenological research is the construction of meaning based on the phenomena of lived experiences. Phenomenological researchers like Giorgi… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

Allen, J. P., & Pianta, R. C. (2016). Closing the racial discipline gap in classrooms by changing teacher practice. School psychology Review, 45(2), 171-191. Hinchey, P. (2010). Finding Freedom in the Classroom. NY: Peter Lang Publishing. Koonce, G. (2016) (Ed.), Taking sides: Clashing views on educational issues expanded (18 Ed.). McGraw Hill Publishers. Kristjansson, K. (2014). There is something about Aristotle: the pros and cons of Aristotelianism in contemporary moral education. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 48(1), 48-68. Kwok, A. (2017). Relationships Between Instructional Quality and Classroom Management for Beginning Urban Teachers. Educational Researcher, 46(7), 355-365. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human… Continue Reading...

The Counselor Client Relationship at Work

Discussion Essay Questions 1 An employer is required to provide reasonable accommodations for a disabled worker so long as it does not put undue hardship upon the employer. Reasonable accommodations refer to changes that are implemented either to the workplace environment or to the position occupied by the disabled worker. So long as the disabled worker is still qualified to do the job, the employer, under the ADA, has to accommodate the worker’s disability—so long, of course, as it does not cause the employer undue hardship (Repa, 2018). In some cases, this has made it easier for individuals with disabilities… Continue Reading...

Apa Style: Benefits Of Practice

L. (2000). Enemies of critical thinking: Lessons from social psychology research. Reading psychology, 21(2), 129–144. Friedman, S. (2004). Learning to make more effective decisions: Changing beliefs as a prelude to action. The Learning Organization, 11(2/3), 110–128. Elder, L., & Paul, R. (2013). Becoming a critic of your thinking. Retrieved from: http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/becoming-a-critic-of-your-thinking/478 Foundation for critical thinking. (2013). The Critical Thinking Community. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/ Foundation for critical thinking. (2013). The Role of Socratic Questioning in Thinking, Teaching, and Learning. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/the-role- of-socratic-questioning-in-thinking-teaching-learning/522   Continue Reading...

Behaviorism Psychoanalysis and Hte Psychology

Introduction Psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic, transpersonal, and existential (HTE) psychology are the three primary movements in the study of the human experience. Each of these movements uses different research methodologies and epistemologies, and each focuses on different aspects of the human experience. Moreover, each of these movements presents unique therapeutic interventions and goals in the field of psychology. With each having contributed tremendously to the social sciences, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, and humanistic psychology can also be integrated for a richer understanding of human consciousness and the human condition. Historical context of the… Continue Reading...

How Immigrants Deal with Discrimination

Association. "Working with immigrant-origin clients: An update for mental health professionals." Based on crossroads: the psychology of immigration in the new century (2013). Bowles, Michelle. “Review: Illegal: Reflections of an Undocumented Immigrant by Jose Angel N.” What Is That Book About, 15 Feb. 2014, Web. DeLuca, LA, et al. "United States-Mexico Border Crossing: Experiences and Risk Perceptions of Undocumented Male Immigrants." Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, vol. 12, no. 1, Feb. 2010, pp. 113-123. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10903-008-9197-4. Emily R. Crawford, "Illegal: Reflections of an Undocumented Immigrant by José Ángel N.," American Journal of Education 121, no. 3 (May 2015): 470-474. Enriquez, Laura E.… Continue Reading...

Postpartum Depression and Gilman Yellow Wallpaper

implications for feminism and social justice, and also for its specific applications to psychology and treatments for mental illness. Postpartum depression represents a convergence of psychological and sociological issues; it is as related to individual level variables as it is to the overarching social norms that create identity conflicts, anxiety, and mood disorders in some individuals. According to Beck, about 13 percent of new mothers experience postpartum depression: hardly an insignificant number (282). In fact, the increased awareness about postpartum depression has spilled over into the medical and psychiatric communities in search of more effective, evidence-based solutions. One study… Continue Reading...

Stigma Of Mental Illness

246-256. Hooley, J., Butcher, J., Nock, M. & Mineka, S. (2017). Abnormal psychology. Pearson. Saks, E. (2009). Diary of a High-Functioning Person with Schizophrenia. Scientific American. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/diary-of-a-high-function/.   Continue Reading...

Effective Treatment for Veterans with Ptsd

If there is one at-risk population that goes underserved it is the veteran population suffering from PTSD. As the most recent VA study shows, every day up to 20 veterans commit suicide because they are not finding the help they need to deal with their trauma-related issues (Military Times, 2016). Helping veterans to receive treatment is not easy, however, as there are a number of obstacles that get in the way—from the stigma of being seen as one suffering from a mental or emotional disorder to the problem of isolation, or PTSD being masked by other symptoms such as alcoholism… Continue Reading...

Vaccinations Autism and the Argument over Mandatory

so are refusals. NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/vaccine-rates-are-so-are-refusals-n838811 Pierik, R. (2016). Mandatory vaccination. Journal of Applied psychology 35(2): 381-398. Pierik, R. (2017). On religious and secular exemptions: A case study of childhood vaccination waivers. Ethnicities 17(2): 220-241. Shapiro, Y. (2016). Vaccinations: Weighing the Risks and Benefits. The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences, 9 (2). Retrieved from https://touroscholar.touro.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1049&context=sjlcas World Health Organization (n.d.). Vaccination coverage. http://www.who.int/gho/immunization/en/ Continue Reading...

Black Swan

Black Swan: A Study in Hollywood psychology The film Black Swan was noteworthy in the way it explored the dark side of ballet, including eating disorders, psychological manipulation, and how the pressures of achieving perfection can wreak havoc with the developing psyche of a young woman. The central protagonist Nina is a rising star in a prestigious city ballet company. She is given the task of dancing the lead role of Swan Lake. This is one of the most technically and emotionally demanding of all roles in ballet. The White Swan Odette, is supposed… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dimensions Of the Innovator Role

most compelling psychological study regarding human nature and included in multiple introductory psychology textbooks and cited without criticism. Even though The Stanford Prison Experiment provides significant insights about human nature, it was characterized by some ethical failings. The major ethical failure in this experiment is the lack of protection for research participants. The researchers failed to meet their moral obligation of safeguarding research participants when conducting the study. After commencement of the experiment, participants who were assigned the role of prison guards started mistreating participants who played the role of prisoners with a view of demonstrating that evil is… Continue Reading...

Online Statistics and Probability Theory

the days where there was an 80% chance of raining prediction. 3. Most probabilities we will deal with in psychology are zero or one. In psychology, we will deal with very minimal probabilities that are zero, which implies that it will definitely not happen, or one, which implies that it will definitely take place. Basic Concepts 1. You have a bag of marbles. There are 3 red marbles, 2 green marbles, 7 yellow marbles, and 3 blue marbles. What is the probability of drawing a blue marble? Total marbles = 3 + 2 + 7 + 3 = 15 marbles… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

 Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2): 125-143. This study focuses on the role that mindfulness can play in helping care givers to be more in the moment, present, and able to provide quality care. It demonstrates that by teaching meditation practices or techniques to care givers, problems or deficiencies in care can be reduced. Mindfulness training could be used as an appropriate intervention in elder abuse, especially if prosecution of abusers is neither wanted by the victim nor possible by the state. For criminal justice agencies that prefer to focus on prevention,… Continue Reading...

Fake News Outline

The librarian’s information war. Behavioral and Social Sciences Librarian 35(4):188-191. DOI: 10.1080/01639269.2016.1284525 Heshmat, S. (2015). What is confirmation bias? psychology Today. 23 April, 2015. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-choice/201504/what-is-confirmation-bias Papanastasiou, Y. (2017). Fake news propagation and detection. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3028354 Pennycook, G., Cannon, T.G. & Rand, D.G. (2017). Implausibility and illusory truth. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2958246 Pennycook, G. & Rand, D.G. (2017). The implied truth effect. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3035384 Shao, C., Ciampaglia, G.L., Varol, O. et al (2017). The spread of misinformation by social bots. Social and Information Networks. https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.07592 Verma, N., Fleischmann, K.R. & Koltai, K.S. (2017). Human values and trust in scientific journals, the mainstream media, and fake news.… Continue Reading...

Safeguarding Criminal Justice System from Wrongful Convictions

period in prison. All men apart from two were from the U.K. the researched revealed extensive morbidity in their psychology. Fourteen men were assessed as enduring changes in personality as a consequence of catastrophic experiences, 12 of them were diagnosed with PTSD (Post traumatic stress disorder), and many of them showed anxiety and mood disorders (Grounds, 2004). Grounds (2004) uncovered fundamental issues with social adjustments and psychology for the victims of wrongful convictions and their families. The challenges experienced by the family were similar to those experienced by families of war veterans. Grounds (2004) conclude by emphasizing the fact… Continue Reading...

How to Select Materials for Curriculum

also integrate Psychological Principles Relative to Cognition, Motivation, Development, and Social psychology. The material also need to have varied curriculum emphases, this is in recognition of the fact that not all students have the same strengths or demands. The curriculum materials also need to include the appropriate educational technologies for instance the inclusion of computers and the appropriate software. The materials also need to give a large range of opportunities to develop knowledge for both the students and the teachers (National Academy of Science, 2018). Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on curriculum material 1. Is the material accessible to both… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

Article Review Area: Organizational psychology Source Jam, F. F., Sheikh, A. R., Iqbal, H., Zaidi, B. H., Anis, Y., & Muzaffar, M. (2011). Combined effects of perception of politics and political skill on employee job outcomes. African Journal of Business Management, 5(23), 9896-9904. Retrieved from http://academicjournals.org/article/article1380363658_Jam%20et%20al.pdf Introduction This review will critically assess the aforementioned paper with regard to subject introduction, intellectual plot, methodology, discussion and outcomes. Further, the article will be summarized followed by an analysis of its structure. This paper attempted to examine the link of POP (perception of politics) with job… Continue Reading...

Physiology Of Extraversion and Introversion Physiology

music and noise on the cognitive test performance of Chinese introverts and extraverts. psychology of Music 46(1): 125-135. O’Connor, P.J., Gardiner, E. & Watson, C. (2016). Learning to relax versus learning to ideate: Relaxation-focused creativity training benefits introverts more than extraverts. Thinking Skills and Creativity 21(2016): 97-108. Stelmach, R.M. (1990). Biological Bases of Extraversion Psychophysiological Evidence. Journal of Personality 58(1): 293-311. Suslow, T., Kugel, H, Lindner, C. et al (2017). Brain response to masked and unmasked facial emotions as a function of implicit and explicit personality self-concept of extraversion. Neuroscience 340(2017): 464-476.   Continue Reading...

Obesity Epidemic

status, the political culture and climate, religion, the economy, and worldview (Hu, 2008; Mela, 2005). Third, developmental psychology and life course theory has been shown to be relevant to the etiology of obesity in some populations (Hu, 2008). Specifically, the results of the longitudinal ALSPAC (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children) study shows that fetal exposure, breastfeeding, parental impacts, school atmosphere and transition into adulthood are all critical nodes or junctures in childhood development (Reilly, Armstrong, Dorosty, et al, 2005). Fourth, in addition to applying developmental psychology theories to the epidemiology of obesity, it is effective to apply systems… Continue Reading...

Why Elon Musk Must Go

and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521 Hawkins, A. (2018). Tesla relied on too many robots. Retrieved from https://www.theverge.com/2018/4/13/17234296/tesla-model-3-robots-production-hell-elon-musk Hull, D. (2018). Tesla erupts in chaos after senior execs leave, Musk tokes up. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-09-07/tesla-chief-accounting-officer-leaves-citing-level-of-scrutiny Lambert, F. (2018). Tesla model S battery caught on fire without accident. Retrieved from https://electrek.co/2018/06/16/tesla-model-s-battery-fire-investigating/ Mahmood, M. (2015). Strategy, structure, and HRM policy orientation: Employee recruitment and selection practices in multinational subsidiaries. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 53(3), 331-350. Matousek, M. (2018). Elon Musk says he agrees that there are too many robots… Continue Reading...

Content and Reliability Of Assessments and Job

companies to strategize their organizational structure more effectively. References “Job Analysis Methods,” (n.d.). psychology. http://psychology.iresearchnet.com/industrial-organizational-psychology/recruitment/job-analysis-methods/ Morgeson, F.P. (2017). Job analysis methods. The SAGE Encyclopedia of Industrial and Organizational psychology, 2nd edition. https://msu.edu/~morgeson/morgeson_2017b.pdf   Continue Reading...

Psychology and Sociology Gender Inequality

self-image and performing according to societal expectations. I believe that human psychology is actually quite straightforward. Basic behaviorism shows how rewards and punishments guide human behavior. When a person, and especially a child, is rewarded with attention, admiration, and other shows of respect, they will repeat that behavior. On the other hand, any behavior that elicits a negative or undesirable response will be diminished. It takes a strong character to subvert gender norms. Thankfully, the society is starting to change whereby gender non-conformity is becoming more normative. We still have a long way to go before becoming a gender-neutral society,… Continue Reading...

The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2009. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/utilitarianism-history/ Fournier, Denise. “The Inescapable Importance of Acceptance.” psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mindfully-present-fully-alive/201711/the-inescapable-importance-acceptance Le Guin, Ursula. “The Ones Who Walk Away From Omelas.” Continue Reading...

Teacher Growth and Development

Doctoral Student Research, 1(1), 1-5. Junn, E. N. (1995). Empowering the marginal student: A skills-based extra-credit assignment. Teaching of psychology, 22(3), 189-192. Appendix Teacher Questionnaire Results: 1.?The?principal?explores?all?sides?of?topics?and?admits?that?other?opinionsexist. RarelyOccurs: 1/12 Sometimes Occurs:1/12 OftenOccurs: 9/12 VeryFrequently Occurs: 1/12 2.A?few?vocal?parents?can?change?school?policy. Rarely?Occurs:0/12 Sometimes Occurs:4/12 Often?Occurs:6/12 Very?Frequently Occurs: 2/12 3.?The?principal?treats?all?faculty?members?as?his?or?her?equal. Rarely?Occurs: 1/ 12 Sometimes Occurs:5/12 Often?Occurs: 5/12 Very?Frequently Occurs: 2/12 4.?The?learning?environment?is?orderly?and?serious. Rarely?Occurs:5/ 12 Sometimes Occurs:2/12 Often?Occurs:2/12 Very?Frequently Occurs: 2/12 5.?The?principal?is?friendly?and?approachable. Rarely?Occurs:7/12 Sometimes Occurs:2/12 Often?Occurs:2/12 Very?Frequently Occurs: 1/12 6.?Select?citizens?groups?are?influential?with?the?board. RarelyOccurs: 3/ 12 Sometimes Occurs:2/12 OftenOccurs: 5/12 VeryFrequently Occurs: 4/12 7.?The?school?sets?high?standards?for?academic?performance. RarelyOccurs: 1/12 Sometimes Occurs:1/12 OftenOccurs: 9/12 VeryFrequently Occurs: 1/12 8.?Teachers?help?and?support?each?other. Rarely?Occurs:0/12 Sometimes Occurs:4/12 Often?Occurs:6/12 Very?Frequently Occurs: 2/12 9.?The?principal?responds?to?pressure?from?parents. RarelyOccurs: 3/12… Continue Reading...

Peer Influence on Gender Identity Development in Adolescence

Granger, K. L. (2016). Peer influence on gender identity development in adolescence. Developmental psychology, 52(10), 1578. I. Statement of the Problem a. Research Topic The topic of the research is the impact of peer influence on the development of gender identity amongst adolescents b. Research Question and Hypothesis The article investigates peer influence on gender identity through the use of panel data on gender identity and friendship networks gathered from students in the 7th and 8th grade from an ethnically diverse public middle school. The main hypothesis of the study is that adolescents would alter their gender identity self-concepts to become… Continue Reading...

Classrooms Stem and Steam Implementation

for K-12 education in US. Townsley (2017) reviewed key theories from the fields of neuroscience and cognitive psychology. He outlined the benefits of integrating arts into the school curriculum. Cognitive psychologists claim that arts improve learner retention and their ability to recall through generation of information, semantic elaboration, oral production, emotional arousal, effort after meaning, and pictorial representation. Arts involve creativity, which is a higher-order cognitive skill. EEG results have shown the brain patterns that come with creative thinking. According to cognitive neuroscientists, long term artistic training has a positive effect on these brain patterns. Artistic training also leads… Continue Reading...

Overseas Marketing and Emotional Intelligence

Overseas marketing, emotional intelligence and Virtual teams psychology has been used for a long term to help man cope with the challenges of life, whether at the domestic level or the external environment. Families have been reunited using psychological concepts, problems solved and innovative ways formulated through adherence to psychological concepts. This is an indication that psychology is not a static discipline but a diverse and adaptive discipline that deals with the contemporary challenges that the society faces. One of the contemporary challenges brought about by globalization is the issue of… Continue Reading...

An Art Centre for Special Needs Toddlers

segmentation in fluent maternal speech to infants. In Signal to syntax (pp. 129-146). psychology Press. Gelineau, P. (2011). Integrating the arts across the elementary school curriculum. Cengage Learning. Landry, C. (2012). The creative city: A toolkit for urban innovators. Earthscan. Riley, S. (2013). Group process made visible: The use of art in group therapy. Routledge. Continue Reading...

Psychology Phenomenology Descriptive Qualitative Methods

Assignment 1 Phenomenological psychology focuses on the subjective experiences of individuals. The “founder” of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl presented a cohesive methodology and philosophical framework that laid the foundation for phenomenological psychology. One of the greatest challenges of phenomenological psychology is differentiating between the unique subjective experiences and perceptions of individuals and the need to discern an objective, shared reality. Phenomenological psychology is almost easier to define by what it is not: it is not about using the scientific method to study human behavior, and it is not about… Continue Reading...

Intensive Care Unit Nursing Staff Job Stress and Burnout

57-63. Doi:10.1590/S0080-623420150000700009 Andolhe, Barbosa, Oliveira, Costa and Padilha carried out a research on health psychology in 2015. They investigated the burnout syndrome among the nurses in relation to the working conditions in the ICUs. They pointed out two major factors that stress out nurses. These are: exposure to adverse environments; and critical condition of patients. The study was done in Sao Paulo, Brazil and it spanned across eight ICUs. The data gathered included, biosocial data, level of occupational stress, level of occupational coping, and the symptoms and signs of stress. The study also employed the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Two hundred… Continue Reading...

Paleo & Archaic Periods

development up the hierarchy of needs. [5: McLeod, Saul. "Maslow's hierarchy of needs." Simply psychology 1 (2007).] Feeney suggests that the White Shaman Mural also represents a spiritual development among this community, that the artist has a spiritual function at this time.[footnoteRef:6] Indeed, the spiritual function of art throughout the centuries has always been a quality of the function, whether it is the people of the ancient Indian world, the ancient Greeks, the Romans, or the Christians of the Middle Ages. Art and spirituality tend to be intertwined, and that is what is seen in the White Shaman Mural. The mural… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Talent Management

this topic. For example, some research focuses on theories of motivation and is more within the realm of psychology. Other studies take a more sociological approach or even the anthropology of business approach to show how organizational culture and structure impact decisions related to the identification and development of high potential employees. Some research is phenomenological and exploratory. There is less qualitative research to measure the effectiveness of specific HRM practices or interventions than qualitative research due to the relatively new nature of this research area. I have also appreciated the studies that take a more global approach, showing… Continue Reading...

Reliability Credibility and Validity

qualitative research. Qualitative Research, 17(5), 554-570. doi:10.1177/1468794116679873 Newman, D. S., & Clare, M. M. (2016). School psychology as a Relational Enterprise: the role and process of Qualitative Methodology. Contemporary School psychology, 20(4), 327-335. doi:10.1007/s40688-016-0090-1 Northrup, J. C., & Shumway, S. (2014). Gamer widow: A phenomenological study of spouses of online video game addicts. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 42(4), 269-281. doi:10.1080/01926187.2013.847705 Sacks, T. K. (2015). New pathways to analysis through thick description: Historical trauma and emerging qualitative research. Qualitative Social Work: Research and Practice, 14(6), 753-757. doi:10.1177/1473325015612189 Saunders, B., Sim, J., Kingstone, T., Baker, S., Waterfield, J., Bartlam, B., … Jinks, C. (2017). Saturation in qualitative research: exploring its conceptualization and operationalization. Quality & Quantity, 52(4), 1893-1907. doi:10.1007/s11135-017-0574-8 Stuckey, H. (2014). The first step in Data… Continue Reading...

Link Between Gender and Culture

being helpless allows the woman to dominate their husband. Horney explores the psychology of men and women’s attachment to deep emotions. In essence Horney (773-782) underscores the different factors that differentiate gender. Zerophilia, a romantic comedy movie, speaks about a man who had a genetic disorder that allowed them to switch between sexes after an orgasm. This made the man, Luke, to become insecure with their masculinity. Dr. Sydney persuades the man to undergo full transformation into a woman. Afterwards Luke finds it hard to change into a man even with some coaching. Luke, now Luca, has an encounter… Continue Reading...

Infancy and Toddler Development

Integrating the Field of Developmental psychology: A Review of the Literature Developmental Stage/Age Group: Infancy and toddlerhood (0 - 3 years) In the development stage of infancy to toddlerhood, the child is changing and responding to its environment and social setting. As Levinson (1986) notes, the home is the child’s immediate social and physical environment. The mother tends to be the child’s source of security and the child grows in confidence through connection to the mother. Between the ages of one and two the child is like a “young scientist,” according to Piaget in the… Continue Reading...

Plan for Professional and Personal Growth

currently a DNP student of Brandman University specializing in Mental Health and psychology. I shall finish the program by August of 2019. I understand that my transition for the DNP program at the university will be a relatively complex one because of the complexities involved in the path to become a full-fledged practicing NP. However, I intend to have a smooth transition through a clearly established timeline of activities or processes before and after graduation from the university. Currently, I am in the final stages of my DNP program or doctorate prepared advanced practice registered nurse. Therefore, the timeline… Continue Reading...

History Political Social Economic Culture African American

Parental religiosity, family processes, and youth competence in rural, two-parent African American families. Developmental psychology, 32(4), 696-706. Burton, L.M. (1996). Age norms, t he timing of family role transitions, and intergenerational caregiving among aging African American women. The Gerontologist 36(2): 199-208. DuBois, W.E.B. (1994). Of the dawn of freedom. In The Souls of Black Folk. Mineola: Dover. French, M.T., Homer, J.F., Popovici, I., et al. (2015). What you do in high school matters. Eastern Economic Journal 41(3): 370-386. Hendry, E.R. (2011). Holding on to Gullah culture. Smithsonian. March 2011. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/holding-on-to-gullah-culture-185296/ Higginbotham, E.B. (1992). African American women’s history and the metalanguage… Continue Reading...

Dynamic Network Theory Article on Psychology

Westaby, J.D., Pfaff, D.L. & Redding, N. (2014). psychology and social networks. American Psychologist 69(3): 269-284. Westaby, Pfaff & Redding (2014) attempt to fill a gap in the literature on social networks by focusing on how social networks influence goal striving via emotional pathways. The authors base their research on dynamic network theory, and the results can be applied to numerous practical or clinical settings including organizational-industrial behavior or even information science. The dynamic network theory orientation also sheds light on numerous types of social networks and organizations, illuminating both individual and collective behavior.… Continue Reading...

Lgbt Youth Social Ecology and Homeless

Family Acceptance. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 63(6), 1011. Kloos, B., Hill, J., Thomas, E., Wandersman, A., & Elias, M. J. (2012). Community psychology: Linking individuals and communities. Cengage Learning. Lesley University. (2018). The Cost of Coming Out: LGBT Youth Homelessness. Retrieved from: https://lesley.edu/article/the-cost-of-coming-out-lgbt-youth-homelessness McCandless, S. (2017). LGBT Homeless Youth and Policing. Public Integrity, 1-13. Stokols, D. (1988). Transformational processes in people-environment relations. In McGrath, J.E. (Ed.), The social psychology of time: New perspectives. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 233-252. Stokols, D. (2018). Social ecology in the Digital Age: Solving complex problems in a globalized world. Academic Press. Continue Reading...

Psychology Statistics T Test and Multiple Regressions

If I were designing my research study in the field of psychology, I would most likely use a t-test as the method of data analysis. A t-test is best used when the researcher wants to determine deviations from a normal distribution curve. If there are one or more normal distributions (bell curves), t he researcher can compare the two groups using the t-test method. The variances do not need to be known to perform a t-test either, which is another reason why I would select this method of data analysis in my particular research question. Furthermore, the researcher can… Continue Reading...

Early Childhood Education and Piaget Theory

of Jean Piaget. Association for Psychological Science. https://www.psychologicalscience.org/observer/jean-piaget McLeod, S. (2018). Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. Simply psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html Slavin, R.E. (n.d.). Educational implications of Piaget’s theory. Educational psychology: Theory and Practice. eBook: http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_slavin_edpsych_8/38/9951/2547615.cw/index.html   Continue Reading...

2016 Election

al. “A multi-method exploratory study of stress, coping, and substance use among high school youth in private schools.” Frontiers in psychology 6 (2015): 1028. Continue Reading...

Affirmative Action Plan in Human Resources

H., Hinkle S., & Crosby, F. J. (2001). Reactions to affirmative action: Substance and semantics. Journal of Applied Social psychology, 31, 73-88. HRUnlimited. (2018). Affirmation action compliance programs. Retrieved from https://www.hrunlimitedinc.com/services/compliance/ IPFW. (2015). Affirmative action plan. Retrieved from https://www.pfw.edu/offices/hr-oie/ethics-compliance/ethics-and-compliance-docs/IPFW%20affirmative%20action%20plan%202014-2015.pdf   Continue Reading...

Browning Versus Shakespeare Irony and Menace

sonnets but rather is a calculated portrait of the psychology of a murderer. Even the first line of the poem, “That’s my last Duchess painted on the wall, /Looking as if she were alive,” seems chilling (1-2). The Duke notes he is the only one permitted to draw back the curtain, as if he prefers having the image of a woman he can control rather than an actual, living woman. “ Sir, ’twas not/Her husband’s presence only, called that spot/ Of joy into the Duchess’ cheek,” he notes, underlining his possessiveness, as if only a husband has the right… Continue Reading...

Identifying Goals in Education

industry. It has always been my dream job to help the elderly in health psychology. I have always felt like the elderly population was underserved in society and obtaining a Master of Science degree in Health psychology is a way for me to help serve that population. By taking this degree I will be able to select electives focusing on such topics as substance abuse, adult psychopathology, trauma, and wellness especially for elderly patients. This would enable me to be better situated to provide professional insight into how to approach the psychology of this group. Collaborative care in mental… Continue Reading...

Comparing and Contrasting Dada and Surrealism

than Dada, surrealism drew far more heavily from the prevailing research in psychology and psychoanalysis (“Dada and Surrealism,” 1). Yet like Dada, Surrealism was also about the absurd and especially locating the absurd paradoxes in human existence. Dada simply focused a little more on absurdities in social and political life, including within the art community; and surrealism focused more on the peculiarities of the human imagination and altered states of consciousness. Both Dada and surrealism have survived, planting seeds that have flourished in several other genres and eras. Both Dada and surrealism have the capacity to be conceptual, using… Continue Reading...

Nature Vs Nurture Vs Free Will

of those around them and imitating them. Social learning theory became a dominant idea in psychology and in criminology as researchers attempted to understand why individuals acted out or behaved in specific manners. Though the debate has never been solved, neither side has ever really been put to rest because both offer compelling arguments. There is something to be said about DNA and the role that genetics play in passing on certain aspects and qualities of the human condition from one generation to the next. This can be seen in physical aspects certainly. At the same time, one’s environment… Continue Reading...

Health Psychology Social Media Trends

Social Media Trends: Health psychology One of the most notable trends in recent years is the rise in interest in the field of popular psychology. People conduct personality tests on themselves, engage in self-diagnosis, and simplify psychological conditions (both common and uncommon) and apply them to their daily lives. The ubiquity of the Internet has made this even more accessible. Although self-help books have been best sellers for more than a hundred years, and even 19th century magazines printed personality self-quizzes, the ease of taking and… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Causation and Correlation

descriptions of experimental and non-experimental research: Public understanding of correlation-versus-causation. Journal of General psychology, 142(1), 48–70. doi:10.1080/00221309.2014.977216 Coogan, L. L. (2015). Teaching across courses: Using the concept of related markets from economics to explain statistics’ causation and correlations. B>Quest, 1–10. Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~bquest/   Continue Reading...

Qualitative Doctoral Business Research Role Of Theory

from descriptions of experimental and non-experimental research: Public understanding of correlation-versus-causation. Journal of General psychology, 142(1), 48–70. doi:10.1080/00221309.2014.977216 Creswell, J.W., & Plano Clark, V.L. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Coogan, L. L. (2015). Teaching across courses: Using the concept of related markets from economics to explain statistics’ causation and correlations. B>Quest, 1–10. Retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/~bquest/ Continue Reading...

Why Virtual Teams Matter

M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521 Hauser, L. (2014). Work motivation in organizational behavior. Economics, Management and Financial Markets, 9(4), 239-246. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370. Salvovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence: Theory finding, and implications. Psychological Inquiry, 15, 197-215. Tuckman, B. W., & Jensen, M. A. C. (1977). Stages of small-group development revisited. Group & Organization Studies, 2(4), 419-427.   Continue Reading...

Commercials and the Media

of the commercial culture. Bernays, after all, understood how to use psychology to lure adults into desiring what companies had to sell them—all by using advertising to appeal to their senses and stimulate their impulses (Jones). The same method applies for advertising to children and youth: by appealing to their natures as children, they can become consumers for life, chasing the dream of commercial happiness all throughout adolescence and adulthood, so long as they continue to submit themselves to the commercial culture. In the vintage 80s Toys ‘R’ Us commercial, the toy company advertised its products to kids by… Continue Reading...

The Stages Of Childhood Development Physical Cognitive

Piaget’s Stages of Development Few theorists have had as strong an impact on developmental psychology as Jean Piaget. While the theories of Lev Vygotsky have offered compelling counterpoints to Piaget’s theories, the stages of psychosocial development Piaget proposed remain salient. In fact, it is easy to combine emerging research on childhood development from infancy to adolescence in terms of Piaget’s stages. As Lightfoot, Cole & Cole (2009) point out, evolutionary theories, information processing theories, and systems theories can all be integrated within the staged concept of development that Piaget proposed. Piaget shows how children… Continue Reading...

Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Of Personality

Soprano teach men about therapy. In Mens Health Forum. Retrieved July (Vol. 12, p. 2015). Carducci, B. J. (2015). The psychology of personality: Viewpoints, research, and applications (3rdEdition). Wiley-Blackwell. Elliott, A. (2015). Psychoanalytic theory: An introduction. New York: Macmillan International Higher Education. Ellis, A., Abrams, M., & Abrams, L. (2009). Personality theories: Critical perspectives. New York: Sage Publications. Fiske, S. T., & Taylor, S. E. (1991). McGraw-Hill series in social psychology. Social cognition (2nd ed.). New York, NY, England: Mcgraw-Hill Book Company. Karson, M. (2017). A Case Formulation for Tony Soprano. psychology Today. Martinko, M. J. (Ed.). (2006). Attribution theory in the organizational sciences: Theoretical and… Continue Reading...

Change Management

M. (2015). Pay, intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521 Kissack, H. & Callahan, J. (2010). The reciprocal influence of organizational culture and training and development programs: Building the case for a culture analysis within program planning. Journal of European Industrial Training, 34(4): 365 – 380. Kotter, J. P. (2007). Leading change: Why transformation efforts fail. Harvard Business Review, 85(1), 96–103. Kotter, J. P. (2012). Accelerate! Harvard Business Review, 90(11), 44–58. Krebeck, A. (2010). Closing the 'DIGITAL DIVIDE'. Computers in Libraries, 30(8), 12-15. Lyles, M.… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Differences

paper: Types of research designs. USC. Retrieved from: https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/researchdesigns McLeod, S. A. (2017). Qualitative vs. quantitative research. Simply psychology. Retrieved from: https://www.simplypsychology.org/qualitative-quantitative.html Thompson, C. (2017). How to use a theory to frame your research. Nursing Education Expert. Retrieved from: https://nursingeducationexpert.com/theory-frame-research/   Continue Reading...

South Park and Pc Culture

of everyday interactions. People have an effect on people that goes down deep, alters their psychology and impacts the way they live and think and behave. The evidence of the Saints and Roughnecks study shows that when people are treated like saints and respected as saints, they tend to go on to live better lives. When people are treated like deviants, like Roughnecks, they tend to go on to feel like deviants and to embrace a life of deviancy since that is what society is pushing them towards. However, identifying saints and roughnecks depends on the idea of the… Continue Reading...

The Mission Of Usaa

creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521 USAA. (2018). Mission. Retrieved from http://www.makingafortune.biz/list-of-companies-u/united-services-automobile-assn.htm USAA Products. (2018). Products. Retrieved from https://www.usaa.com/inet/wc/about_usaa_corporate_overview_main?akredirect=true   Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

An Ecological Approach Community psychology uses an ecological or systems approach, recognizing that individuals are inseparable from their social networks and communities. According to Dalton, Elias & Wandersman (2012), community psychology also works with seven core values. Those values include individual and family wellness, a sense of community, respect for human diversity, social justice, empowerment and citizen participation, collaboration and community struggle, and empirical grounding. Thus, community psychology can be viewed as an interface between traditional individualistic psychology, sociology, and social work. Community psychology has been called a “common sense” approach given… Continue Reading...

Racism and Discrimination Impact on Civil Rights and Student Rights

and modern discrimination: The effects of race, racial attitudes, and context on simulated hiring decisions." Personality and Social psychology Bulletin 9.4 (1983): 551-558. Williams, David R. "Race, socioeconomic status, and health the added effects of racism and discrimination." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 896.1 (1999): 173-188. Sanders, Mavis G. "Overcoming obstacles: Academic achievement as a response to racism and discrimination." Journal of Negro Education (1997): 83-93. Bobo, Lawrence D., and Cybelle Fox. "Race, racism, and discrimination: Bridging problems, methods, and theory in social psychological research." Social psychology quarterly 66.4 (2003): 319-332. Dion, Kenneth L. "Prejudice, racism,… Continue Reading...

Personality and the Jung Test

with theory intact and when it relates in some way to the humanities, sociology or psychology. I enjoy multiple viewpoints and complex material is also easy for me to grasp. Learning is difficult for me when I cannot relate to it on a personal level, when it has no connection to human behavior and it’s a subject that does not deepen my sense of the field. I like a subject that also appeals to my feelings. My communication skills are good: I can be emotional but always respectful; I am able to empathize easily with others and speak in… Continue Reading...

Human Resources

distinct area of specialization in business and management. Human resources is a multidisciplinary area, in which disparate fields like psychology, communications, management, budgeting, and strategic planning all converge.  Human resources managers may work in small, medium, or large firms. Their roles and duties change regularly in response to the needs of the company, its budget for human resources, and its rate of growth. Human resources managers remain in charge of hiring and firing employees, retaining and training personnel, writing and managing job descriptions or titles, structuring departments in the organization, and disciplining employees who violate ethical codes or codes… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law and Psychopathy

means ‘fully applies.’ [14: Brian L. Cutler, ed., Encyclopedia of psychology and Law (Los Angeles: SAGE, 2008), 74. ] As it has been pointed out elsewhere in this text, although psychopaths lack empathy and conscience on the inside, they appear as normal people on the outside. This is to say that psychopathy is, by design, a disorder that is not easy to diagnose. It is important to note that although psychopaths have a tendency to be volatile and even intensely manipulative, they do not always engage in criminal activity. Various studies have in the past been conducted in an… Continue Reading...

Policy Implementation Dietary Guidelines

dietary interventions to ensure optimum health, also taking into consideration the patient’s lifestyle choices and psychology in regards to diet. Fat Recommendations Just as not all cholesterol is bad cholesterol, yet another confusing yet relevant insight of the new dietary recommendations is that not all fat is created equal. The new dietary recommendations specifically target saturated fat as a problem, versus all fat in general. Fat is a necessary part of the human diet, and has a beneficial role in promoting satiety, as well as is needed to metabolize other macronutrients effectively. Eschewing fat entirely is counterproductive to good… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of human behavior in social situations, showing how social pressures and sociological variables can impact psychological phenomenon such as identity, motivation, personality, or behavior. A quintessential topic in the field of social psychology is bullying. Bullying can be studied from a public health perspective, showing how the external variables such as how a school is designed and the leadership and organizational culture of the school affects risk factors implicated in bullying behaviors or victimization patterns. Alternatively, bullying can be… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse Among Patients

 Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical psychology: Science and Practice, 10(2), 125-143. Evans, C. S., Hunold, K. M., Rosen, T., & Platts?Mills, T. F. (2017). Diagnosis of elder abuse in US emergency departments. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(1), 91-97. Jackson, S. L. (2016). All elder abuse perpetrators are not alike: the heterogeneity of elder abuse perpetrators and implications for intervention. International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology, 60(3), 265-285. McNicoll, L. (2017). Geriatric co-management as a service line: spreading co- management within an institution. Innovation in Aging, 1(Suppl 1), 612. World Health Organization. (2002). World report on violence and… Continue Reading...

Business Ethics Practices Compliance Auditing

change. References Dane, E., & Sonenshein, S. (2014). On the role of experience in ethical decision making at work. Organizational psychology Review, 5(1), 74–96. doi:10.1177/2041386614543733 Heyler, S. G., Armenakis, A. A., Walker, A. G., & Collier, D. Y. (2016). A qualitative study investigating the ethical decision making process: A proposed model. The Leadership Quarterly, 27(5), 788–801. doi:10.1016/j.leaqua.2016.05.003 Jones, T. M. (1991). Ethical Decision Making by Individuals in Organizations: An Issue-Contingent Model. Academy of Management Review, 16(2), 366–395. doi:10.5465/amr.1991.4278958 Mason, C., & Simmons, J. (2014). Embedding corporate social responsibility in corporate governance: A stakeholder systems approach. Journal of Business Ethics, 119(1), 77-86.… Continue Reading...

Broken Arrow Brothers: a Criminological Analysis

Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61(1), 6–24. doi:10.1177/0306624x15589091 Heide, K.M. (2016). Why kids kill parents. psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/articles/199209/why-kids-kill-parents Mailloux, S. (2014). Fatal Families: Why Children are Killed in Familicide Occurrences. Journal of Family Violence, 29(8), 921–926. doi:10.1007/s10896-014-9643-0 “Michael Bever, Okla. teen, guilty of fatally stabbing parents, 3 younger siblings,” (2018). CBS News. 10 May, 2018. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/michael-bever-okla-teen-guilty-of-fatally-stabbing-parents-three-younger-siblings/ News Corp Australia Network (2018). Teen Michael Bever who helped brother Robert kill family found guilty in Oklahoma. 11 May, 2018. https://www.news.com.au/world/north-america/teen-michael-bever-who-helped-brother-robert-kill-family-found-guilty-in-oklahoma/news-story/20851c6cfcd61f853739f810a8247501 Querry, K. (2018). Testimony in Broken Arrow murder trial delayed. Oklahoma News 4. 8 May, 2018. https://kfor.com/2018/05/08/testimony-in-broken-arrow-murder-trial-delayed/ Salinger, T. (2016). Oklahoma teen 'laughed'… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

imprint of Elsevier Levy, N. (2013). Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. (N. Levy, Ed.), Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. Oxford University Press National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131726109338398 Nutt, D. J. N. L (2018). Addiction. S.l.: Oxford University Press. Robbins, T. W., & Clark, L. (2015, February 1). Behavioral addictions. Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2014.09.005   Continue Reading...

Hofstede’s Dimensions and Leadership

an unfamiliar country with a different culture. References Hofstede, G. (2006). Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context. Online readings in psychology and culture, 2. Hofstede, G. (2011). Dimensionalizing cultures: The Hofstede model in context. Online readings in psychology and culture, 2(1), 8. Hofstede, G., & Bond, M. H. (1984). Hofstede's culture dimensions: An independent validation using Rokeach's value survey. Journal of cross-cultural psychology, 15(4), 417-433. Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

and chain of command were introduced. In lieu of human psychology to stay conscious when being observed and monitored, it is more likely that they are not in normal state of mind but in stress. As relaxation leads to slow motion of work and decreased productivity consequently, many organizations deliberately introduce supervision and monitoring systems (Robbins & Coulter, 2007) so that employees perform at their optimum level. It can be concluded that when employees are in occupational stress, they tend to perform better (Hartley, 2010). As there is a perceived relationship between occupational stress and need to supervise employee,… Continue Reading...

Africa and Cultural Studies

in African Political Studies (pp. 25-38). Springer, Cham. Nickerson, R. S. (1998). Confirmation bias: A ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. Review of general psychology, 2(2), 175-220. Radlet, S. (2016). The Great Surge: The Ascent of the Developing World. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. Smith, P. L., & McSweeney, J. (2017). Organizational perspectives of nurse executives in 15 hospitals on the impact and effectiveness of rapid response teams.  Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety, 43(6), 289-298. Wang, R., Li, F., Hu, D., & Li, B. L. (2011). Understanding eco-complexity: social- economic-natural complex ecosystem approach. Ecological complexity, 8(1), 15-29. Continue Reading...

Theory on Memory and Attention

of interest for scholars in the fields of neuroscience and psychology especially in the study of intellectual function. However, most such studies have always focused on both subjects separately. Attention studies usually ignore the key role of past knowledge and perceptual experiences, while memory studies often ignore the importance of attention in the encoding of learned information. This is the case despite many scholars having long concluded that there is a strong relationship between attention and memory. For example, William James, an influential psychologist, once stated that it is undeniable that something that one focuses on attentively will be… Continue Reading...

Gender Status Impact Access to Social Political and Economic Resources

Routledge, 2009. 92-110. McGinn, Kathleen L., and Eunsil Oh. "Gender, social class, and women's employment." Current opinion in psychology 18 (2017): 84-88. Palmer, Ingrid. "Gender and population in the adjustment of African economies: planning for change." (1991). Sen, Gita, and PiroskaÖstlin. "Gender inequity in health: why it exists and how we can change it." (2008): 1-12.   Continue Reading...

Puerto Ricans and Us Immigration

interpersonal treatments for depression in Puerto Rican students. Journal of Consulting and Clinical psychology, 67, 734-745. Santos, M. (2017, June 23). 13 Things You Should Never Say in Puerto Rico, Ever. Retrieved February 12, 2019, from https://theculturetrip.com/caribbean/puerto-rico/articles/13-things-you-should-never-say-in-puerto-rico-ever/   Continue Reading...

Ted Bundy

activity as a young Republican with aspirations of one-day running for office.  He was a successful psychology student, and even became a law student, though much of his law school career would actually consist of Bundy playing the role of student, but not actually being at school.  He could be charming and was able to develop some friendships and even long-term romantic relationships.  His good looks and ability to play the role of a nice guy are believed to have played a role in helping him get victims.  He would often pretend to be injured in order to gain… Continue Reading...

Case Study Of Copper Coil

Job choice: The impact of intrinsic and extrinsic factors on subsequent satisfaction and commitment. Journal of Applied psychology, 65(5), 559. Rasool, A., Khatir, G., & Nadir, N. S. (2018). Diversity And Its Impact On Employee Satisfaction And Performance. Clear International Journal Of Research In Commerce & Management, 9(7), 12–15. Salleh, M., Amin, A., Muda, S., & Halim, M. A. S. A. (2013). Fairness of performance appraisal and organizational commitment. Asian Social Science, 9(2), 121. Shaw, J. D., Delery, J. E., Jenkins Jr, G. D., & Gupta, N. (1998). An organization-level analysis of voluntary and involuntary turnover. Academy of management journal, 41(5), 511-525. Wernimont, P. F. (1966). Intrinsic… Continue Reading...

Black Power and Black Feminism

by power, inequality and conflict. References Collins, P. H. (1990). Black Feminist Thought. psychology Press. Davis, A. (2012). The Meaning of Freedom. San Francisco, CA: City Light Books. German, K. M. (2017). Promises of Citizenship: Film Recruitment of African Americans in World War 2. University Press of Mississippi.   Continue Reading...

Plato’s Argument: Art Is an Imitation Of an Imitation

starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) but also habituation to healthy emotional responses and therefore harmony between the three parts of the soul (according to Plato, reason, spirit, and appetite)” (Meinwald, 2019).   Aristotle was one of Plato’s students and spent approximately twenty years learning at Plato’s Academy.  While Aristotle’s own development of a personalized philosophy may not have influenced how Plato viewed beauty and art, Aristotle certainly… Continue Reading...

Culture Studies and Psychology

of Grossmann et al. (2014) was to assess the power of the situation on social psychology from a cultural perspective. This aim is important because, as Heine and Norenzayan (2006) point out, “cultural psychological research is as important in documenting robust similarities across cultures as it is in documenting variability” (p. 254). It is especially important because it enables psychologists in the field “to identify the extent to which psychological phenomena are culture-specific or are psychological universals” (Heine & Norenzayan, 2006, p. 254). This paper will critique the study by Grossman et al. (2014) and assess it by applying… Continue Reading...

Intervention for Improving Grades

factors (Harackiewicz, Canning, Tibbetts, Priniski & Hyde, 2016). However, social psychology interventions can be applied to help reverse the negative impacts of these factors and instill confidence in young students on the wrong end of the achievement gap (Spitzer & Aronson, 2015; Yeager & Walton, 2011). This paper will describe an intervention to address the problem of the achievement gap so as to assist in closing it. The problem of the achievement gap is one that impacts all of society: educational disparities cause disruptions in the balance of economic opportunities for people around the whole country. As one group… Continue Reading...

Wrongful Convictions

emerging reform in the criminal justice system. Legal and Criminological psychology, 14(1), 157-170. Neuschatz, J., Jones, N., McClung, J. & Wetmore, S. (n.d.). Conviction of the Innocent: Unreliable Informant Testimony. University of Alabama in Huntsville.   Continue Reading...

Organization Development Culture and Employee Empowerment

M.M. & Decker, W.H. (2014). Age-related work motivation declines: myth or reality? Journal of Organizational psychology 14(1): 96-110. Dasgupta, S.A., Suar, D. & Singh, S. (2014). Managerial communication practices and employees’ attitudes and behaviors. Corporate Communications: An International Journal 19(3): 287-302. Farhani, A.H. & Salimi, F. (2015). The study of the relationship between employees’ empowerment and organizational agility. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences 4(1): 1067-1075. Gilley, J.W., Gilley, A.M., Jackson, S.A., et al. (2015). Managerial practices and organizational conditions that encourage employee growth and development. Performance Improvement Quarterly 28(3): 71-93. Manisha, X. (2014). Ground-breaking actions in… Continue Reading...

A Brief History Of Leadership

multi-faceted complex concept whose definition is far from being singularized (Rost, 1991). References Bass, B. M. (1960). Leadership, psychology and organizational behaviour. New York: Harper. Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York: Harper & Row. Copeland, N. (1942). psychology and the soldier. Harrisburg, PA: Military Service Publications. Hemphill, J. K. (1949). Situational factors in leadership. Columbus: Ohio State University, Bureau of Educational Research. Moore, B. V. (1927). The May conference on leadership. Personnel Journal, 6, 124–128.   Continue Reading...

Qi Gong Religion and China

in the achievement of better healing effect through the induction of various sensations (Ross 370). The psychology of conviction can help in achieving similar results as those of hypnosis. Some of the most complex and persistent diseases are known to have been cured through external Qi Gong treatment. One of the convictions that assist patients in the healing process is seeing a doctor in a white coat since it instills hope that may assist in the treatment process. Qi Gong has distinctive rituals that set it apart from all other treatment solutions. Qi Gong has distinctive physical activities that… Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

perspective. As Lutz (1996) points out, “Piaget and Kohlberg belong to the cognitive-developmental tradition of developmental psychology” in which the moral development of a child is decided through social interaction and comes about naturally rather than through formal education (p. 1). Kohlberg’s theory of moral development is that there are six stages of moral development. First, there is the stage in which the child does what is right to avoid being punished. Second comes the stage in which the child does what is right because he perceives it serves his own interests. Third comes the stage in which the… Continue Reading...

Mental Health Problems

Indian historical trauma: Interviews with service providers from a Great Plains reservation. American journal of community psychology, 57(1-2), 229-242. New York Behavioral Health. (2018). History of mental health counseling. Retrieved from http://newyorkbehavioralhealth.com/history-mental-health-counseling-i Ratts, M. J., Singh, A. A., Nassar?McMillan, S., Butler, S. K., & McCullough, J. R. (2016). Multicultural and social justice counseling competencies: Guidelines for the counseling profession. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 44(1), 28-48. Silverman, M. J., & Bibb, J. (2018). Acute care mental health workers’ assumptions and expectations of music therapy: A qualitative investigation. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 59, 94-100. U.S. News & World Report. (2018). Mental health counselor. Retrieved from https://money.usnews.com/careers/best-jobs/mental-health-counselor… Continue Reading...

Neurological Disease

Week 1 The field of neuroscience that interests me most is a research position at a hospital or university. I believe that being attached to a research facility within the medical community has the potential for high demand in the future, as a growing segment of the population ages and develops Alzheimer’s and dementia. Neurological disorders have a devastating effect on the person affected, and those around them. I see neurological diseases of the aging process as particularly devastating because the person slowly loses their life and their special connection with those who love them. I am interested in two… Continue Reading...

Fortnite

such as the Fortnite dances, have become in modern culture.   References Brooks, Mike.  “Is Fortnite Ruining Your Kid?”   psychology Today.  18 September 2018.   shttps://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/tech-happy-life/201809/is-Fortnite-ruining-your-kid.  Accessed 10 August 2019.   Kaufman, Sarah.  “The Dances in ‘Fortnite’ Have Become Nearly as Contagious as The  Game.”  The Washington Post.  10 September 2018.  https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2018/09/10/the-dances-in-Fortnite-have-become-nearly-as-contagious-as-the-game/?noredirect=on.  Accessed 10 August 2019.   LeBoeuf, Sarah.  “What is ‘Fortnite’? A Look at the Video Game That Has Become an  Phenomenon.”  NBC News.  30 June 2018.  https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/what-Fortnite-look-video-game-has-become-phenomenon-n887706.  Accessed 10 August 2019.  Plarium Staff.  “What are Battle Royale Games?  A Beginner’s Guide to the Video Game  Phenomenon.”  Plarium.  7 April… Continue Reading...

Cognitive Development in Early Childhood

and individual differences in mental development as established in Vygotsky's sociocultural theory. Keywords: early childhood, cognitive development stages, preoperational, psychology, socio-cultural. Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Introduction Early childhood is one of the most important stages of human development. It is the period which all components of human nature and abilities are formed, and, therefore, has a direct influence on personality formation. The intricacies of this crucial stage of human development have been a major interest to scientists and psychologists in different fields of human studies. There have been many studies conducted to help proffer clear understanding of children’s cognitive… Continue Reading...

Emotional Development Of Children

orientations and children’s emotion-related regulation. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority psychology, 21(4), 619. Raval, V. V., & Walker, B. L. (2019). Unpacking ‘culture’: Caregiver socialization of emotion and child functioning in diverse families. Developmental Review, 51, 146-174.   Continue Reading...

How to Be a Good Commander

adequately prepare the next generation for command. References Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. American psychologist, 56(3), 218. Koester, J. (2013). NCOs have important roles in mission command | NCO Journal. Retrieved from http://ncojournal.dodlive.mil/2013/09/17/1932/ Mission Command (Army Doctrine Publication 6-0 [ADP] , 2012, p. 2-4). Reivich, K. J., Seligman, M. E., & McBride, S. (2011). Master resilience training in the US Army. American Psychologist, 66(1), 25. .   Continue Reading...

21 Up Series

the UP series as a longitudinal study of personality and social change. The Cinematic Mirror for psychology and Life Coaching (pp. 77-88). Springer, New York, NY. Mercer, B., (2016). The monumental Up series captures half a century of ordinary life. Retrieved from https://film.avclub.com/the-monumental-up-series-captures-half-a-century-of-ord-1798253966   Continue Reading...

Temperament and Creativity Correlation

with the world around them. The general consensus in psychology is that life experiences largely shape the personality of individuals – with special reference to the five dimensions of personality that are pointers to whom we really are. Towards this end, there is sufficient evidence indicating that personality has a tendency to remain stable over a long period of time. For this reason, no effort will be made to change or adjust the personality of employees. References Batey, M. & Furnham, A. (2006). Creativity, Intelligence, and Personality: A Critical Review of the Scattered Literature. Genetic, Social, and General psychologyContinue Reading...

Incentives and Employee Motivation

extrinsic motivation, performance, and creativity in the workplace: Revisiting long-held beliefs. Annual Review of Organizational psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 489-521 Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370. Vroom,V. (1964). Work and motivation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.   Continue Reading...

Reflection on Assessment Competencies for School Leadership

conflicts always carries the day. Most teachers train in psychology since not all is lost when you want to solve problems of students and at the same time teach them well enough to get the right knowledge. In Ten Assessment Competencies for School Leaders (p.98 Figure 4-1; Part 4 of Chappuis text), a leader has the responsibility to develop an environment to allow for both teachers and students to prosper. It is inevitable as a leader to take the responsibility to ensure the institution you lead prospers. As a competent leader, I believe that developing a curriculum based on… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Creativity and Temperament

Pathway to Creativity Model and a Research Agenda. Social and Personality psychology Compass, 7(10), 732-748. doi:10.1111/spc3.12062 Chavez-Eakle, R. A., Lara, M. D., & Cruz-Fuentes, C. (2006). Personality: A Possible Bridge between Creativity and Psychopathology? Creativity Research Journal, 18(1), 27-38. doi:10.1207/s15326934crj1801_4 IBM Corp. (2017). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp N?cka, E., & Hlawacz, T. (2013). Who has an Artistic Temperament? Relationships between Creativity and Temperament among Artists and Bank Officers. Creativity Research Journal, 25(2), 182-188. doi:10.1080/10400419.2013.783744 Oniszczenko, W., Stanis?awiak, E., Dembi?ska-Krajewska, D., & Rybakowski, J. (2017). Regulative theory of temperament versus affective temperaments measured by the temperament evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire (TEMPS-A): a study in a… Continue Reading...

Biblical Counseling Movement by David Powlison

practice. Development of Problems and Personal Need The issues came about when Jay Adams reasoned that modern psychology was really just “bad theology” as Powlison puts it. There was a personal need among patients and providers who knew better to provide a Biblical counseling approach that could truly address the needs of the modern patient from a spiritual and theological point of view rather than from a materialistic atheistic perspective. Biblical Integration The Bible is a big part of this method because, as the author states, he accepts the Word of God as the truth and views Scripture as the message… Continue Reading...

Trump Versus Hawaii

the case, there is need to look at the implications on the economics, culture, outlook and psychology of the people involved. The law affects immigrants from all nations of Islam. The need to get the law right on this one is still in contention since various factions argue to differ. The law states clearly that America is land of the free but again, the law dictates that the government is mandated by the constitution to help the citizens preserve their security and be able to stay safe. The Trump vs Hawaii law of 2018 clearly has contentions. In terms… Continue Reading...

Childhood Development Attachment Disorders

and attachment experiences are central to child development, and can have lasting impacts on adult psychology. Attachment refers to a “sustained, developmental...connection,” (Mossler, 2014, 13.1). The attachment process is emotional, but it also serves distinct biological and evolutionary functions in enabling the survival of the species. As Mossler (2014) points out, attachment bonds can be formed between an infant and any adult due to the fact that early humans contended with far greater physical and environmental risks that might leave infants vulnerable should one or both parents perish. Infants experiencing healthy attachments will also evolve a sense of security… Continue Reading...

Influence Of Child Abuse in Adulthood

disorders have been seen in grownups that faced childhood abuse (Torjesen, 2019). Social cognition is a phrase in psychology that is connected to how individuals apply and process information concerning other individuals and their social dealings. It concentrates on the part played by cognitive processes in social scenarios. For instance, how we perceive others considerably affects our thinking, feelings, as well as interactions with the surroundings. Research findings reveal that a traumatic social environment during childhood often results in social cognitive issues and greater severity of illness for individuals with bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depressive disorder, borderline personality disorder, or… Continue Reading...

The Link Between Temperament and Creativity

Personality and Creativity: The Dual Pathway to Creativity Model and a Research Agenda. Social and Personality psychology Compass, 7(10), 732-748. doi:10.1111/spc3.12062 Chavez-Eakle, R. A., Lara, M. D., & Cruz-Fuentes, C. (2006). Personality: A Possible Bridge between Creativity and Psychopathology? Creativity Research Journal, 18(1), 27-38. doi:10.1207/s15326934crj1801_4 IBM Corp. (2017). IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp N?cka, E., & Hlawacz, T. (2013). Who has an Artistic Temperament? Relationships between Creativity and Temperament among Artists and Bank Officers. Creativity Research Journal, 25(2), 182-188. doi:10.1080/10400419.2013.783744 Oniszczenko, W., Stanis?awiak, E., Dembi?ska-Krajewska, D., & Rybakowski, J. (2017). Regulative theory of… Continue Reading...

Personal Learning the Field Of Qualitative Research

using quantitative-based data collection methods (Creswell & Poth, 2018). Practitioners and researchers in different fields like psychology, education, sociology, nursing, marketing, and anthropology frequently apply qualitative methods to find solutions to questions regarding people’s way of interacting globally. Another advantage lies in the process of collecting qualitative data considering face validity. The researcher does not have to artificially fit the responses while placing them onto the pre-categorized buckets. The survey process is usually a permanent scripted method where collectors of data are especially guided to repeat queries verbatim in case the participant cannot comprehend the question for the reliability… Continue Reading...

Autocratic Vs Democratic Leadership

Leading yourself and leading others: Linking self-leadership to transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational psychology, 22(4), 436-449. Gastil, J. (1994). A definition and illustration of democratic leadership. Human Relations, 47(8), 953-975. Harris, A., & Chapman, C. (2004). Democratic leadership for school improvement in challenging contexts. Democratic Learning: The challenge to school effectiveness, 164-178. Hoel, H., Glasø, L., Hetland, J., Cooper, C. L., & Einarsen, S. (2010). Leadership styles as predictors of self?reported and observed workplace bullying. British Journal of Management, 21(2), 453-468. Skogstad, A., Einarsen, S., Torsheim, T., Aasland, M. S., & Hetland, H. (2007). The destructiveness of laissez-faire leadership behavior. Journal of… Continue Reading...

Surrender to Love

method. This methodology inclines towards the constructs of Jungian psychology. The main difference is that Benner methodology relies on experience with the love of God, and not the classical psychology methods e.g. cognitive behavior therapy. II. PRACTICAL APPLICATION Utilization in counseling and potential influence The method presented by Benner has useful to Christian counseling. First, it is true that an individual cannot give love unless they first receive and posses love. this truth should in integrated into Christian counseling. According to scripture, God is love and also, the greatest commandment in the Bible is about love, therefore, any authentic… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Psychology Personal Theory

Personal Theory Paper Introduction Since mid-1970s, a serious matter for integration between Christianity and psychology developed among Christian counsellors. The integration movement developed as a result of reaction to psychology being accepted in the sector dealing with pastoral counseling where it did not face any criticism from the Christians’ point of view. The efforts for integrating psychology with Christianity developed more energy in the last twenty years since the time when Jay Adams refused to have psychology included in the pastoral care sector (Kim, 2004). Attempting to create an integration in psychology with Christian faith… Continue Reading...

Recent Immigration in the United States

J., & Sears, D. O. (2009). Balancing National and Ethnic Identities: The psychology of E Pluribus Unum. In Rawi Abdelal, Yoshiko M. Herrera & Alastair I. Johnston (Eds). Measuring identity: A guide for social scientists, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp Constant, A. F., & Zimmerman, K. F. (2012). Immigrants, ethnic identities and nation-state. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5526/4dc4d51d3f35ea3ba070b6a0f3c31355ff6a.pdf Hanley, A. C. (2012). Immigrants as Americanizers: The Americanization Movement of the Early Twentieth Century. Master’s Thesis, University of Massachusetts Boston. Retrieved from https://scholarworks.umb.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1139&context=masters_theses Hirschman, C. (2014). Immigration to the United States: Recent trends and future prospects. Malays J Econ Studies, 51(1), 69-85.… Continue Reading...

College Students and Anxiety

Instagram takes a toll on influencers' brains. The Guardian, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jan/08/instagram-influencers- psychology-social-media-anxiety Misra, Ranjita, and Michelle McKean. "College students' academic stress and its relation to their anxiety, time management, and leisure satisfaction." American journal of Health studies 16.1 (2000): 41. Mistler, Brian J., et al. "The association for university and college counseling center directors annual survey." Retrieved from Association for University and College Counseling Center Directors website: http://files. cmcglobal. com/Monograph_2012_AUCCCD_Public. pdf (2012). Mounsey, Rebecca, Michael Vandehey, and George Diekhoff. "Working and non- working university students: Anxiety, depression, and grade point average." College Student Journal 47.2 (2013): 379-389. NAMI. “Anxiety.” NAMI, 2017. https://www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Anxiety-Disorders Reilly, Katie. Record Numbers of… Continue Reading...

Teenage Health Vulnerabilities with Substance Abuse United States

P. E., & Najab, J. (2010). Kruskal?wallis test. The corsini encyclopedia of psychology, 1-1. Murphy, K. R., Myors, B., & Wolach, A. (2014). Statistical power analysis: A simple and general model for traditional and modern hypothesis tests. Routledge. The BMJ. (2019). Measurement error and bias. Retrieved from: https://www.bmj.com/about-bmj/resources-readers/publications/epidemiology-uninitiated/4-measurement-error-and-bias Trochim, W. M. (2006). Measurement error. Social Research Methods. Retrieved from: https://socialresearchmethods.net/kb/measerr.php Weiers, R. M. (2010). Introduction to business statistics. New York: Cengage Learning. Continue Reading...