Public Health Essays


Zika Virus Essay

  Writing a paper about a complex issue such as the Zika virus can be a challenging enterprise, but the model essay presented below provides some useful guidance concerning how to get started, including developing an appropriate thesis, writing an outline and locating relevant content from reliable and legitimate sources. Writing an abstract, introduction and conclusion becomes easier once the preliminary research for the body of the essay is completed. Topics The Effects of Zika virus on pregnant women How the Zika virus is spread from country to country Identifying opportunities to reduce Zika virus infections Will the Zika virus Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

with the issue of heroin use, mostly consumed via injections. This is a major public health issue. Viral hepatitis, HIV and other dangers associated with heroin dependence, as well as social harm resulting from accompanying poverty and crime, exceed those of almost all other drugs used. A majority of Caucasian households are indirectly as well as directly impacted by the aforementioned diseases. Increased pureness and decreased drug costs are potential factors contributing to the trend of decreased age of first-time consumption and increased initiation into habitual consumption in the Caucasian population. As heroin dependence can be successfully cured, primary… Continue Reading...

Vapeusa Marketing Campaign Through Ecommerce

itself alongside. This is the case, for example with the public health England (2015) report on vaporizers being 95% less harmful than tobacco smoking -- or there are reports like the one by Goodman (2013) which shows that the market for vaping tech is high and growing: all of this is like gunpowder in the eCommerce business's barrel, ready to help blast the product out to the consumer. Good reports from external agencies and news services are like gifts that enable the company to develop itself in a better light by appealing to other authorities and voices on the… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

Victimization and Racial Discrimination among Australian Children. American Journal of public health, 106(10), 1882-1884. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2016.303328 This article addresses a social issue on bullying which has often been attached to racial discrimination in many societies today. The article finds out that discrimination takes advantage of bullying and often leads to consequential effects among the young people. The article is significantly relevant in seeking ways to protect children from discrimination and abuse. The article applies to social psychology in that it addresses an issue in the field of social setting and cohesion (Priest et al., 2016). Huang, F. L., & Cornell,… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

number of working mothers' decision to prematurely quit breastfeeding. public health drives focused at encouraging breastfeeding among working mothers call for breastfeeding support by employers, highlighting two major potential advantages to them. Firstly, absenteeism will reduce among breastfeeding moms, as breastfed infants' immune systems are stronger and they fall ill less often. Secondly, employee retention will improve among organizations supporting breastfeeding at the workplace. A key challenge, however, is the work setting's potential endogeneity, particularly that of facilities for breastfeeding. Women with high breastfeeding propensity may opt for jobs at workplaces that provide the facility to work and simultaneously… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practitioner

Disease Guidelines in Urban Mongolia: A Qualitative Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(4), 407. Family Nurse Practitioner. (2016). Retrieved September 21, 2016, from http://www.graduatenursingedu.org/family-nurse-practitioner/ History of nurse practitioners in the United States. (2014). Retrieved September 21, 2016, from https://onlinenursing.simmons.edu/nursing-blog/history-nurse-practitioners/ Hittle, K. (2010). Understanding certification, licensure, and credentialing: A guide for the new nurse practitioner. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 24(3), 203-206. Kivumbi (2011). Difference Between Legislation and Regulation. retrieved September 21, 2016, from http://www.differencebetween.net/miscellaneous/difference-between-legislation-and-regulation/ Licensure vs. Certification (n.d.). Retrieved September 21, 2016, from https://www.fsmtb.org/media/1128/member-boards-agencies-member-services-government-relations-resources-licensure-v-certification.pdf Wandrei, K. (2016). The difference between the certification & licensing of… Continue Reading...

Hiv and Aids

the U.S. 12.8% percent of them, 156,300, had not yet been diagnosed (CDC, 2015). How the public health Topic Identified is Addressed at the Federal, State and Local Levels? Various federal and state departments have responded favorably to the fight against HIV / AIDS. Federal activities include prevention, treatment and care provision services. Federal bodies also do research in areas concerning HIV / AIDS. With several departments in the federal government involved in some way in the fight, expertise from several fields is availed to the cause. There is need for more coordination between the federal bodies and departments so… Continue Reading...

Public Health Case Study

What is public health? What are the Goals and Values of public health? public health Significance and Personal Health public health refers to the science of safeguarding and improving family and community health by promoting a healthy way of living, researching into injury and disease prevention, and identifying and controlling communicable diseases in a timely manner. On the whole, public health's focus is the safeguarding of whole populations' health, right from local communities to entire nations and world regions. public health workers aim at disease prevention before their onset or recurrence via… Continue Reading...

Mcardie Estate Vs Cox

outline prohibitions and punishments, including incarceration. However, in actual practice, they function as normal regulatory statutes aimed at safeguarding public health. Financiers attempting to gain entry into the nation's healthcare market through acquisitions and mergers have to adhere to the federal-level Competition Act. The Competition Bureau must be alerted by entities if: The Canadian returns or asset value of a target firm surpasses 70 million dollars and if the collective Canadian returns or assets of the entities and their associates surpass 400 million dollars. The Bureau is empowered to block transactions if it deems the transaction to be capable… Continue Reading...

Trends in Healthcare

also have a lot of common features that signal possible changes in the funding of programs for public health ( Kaiser Family Foundation, 2011). Such clinical and economic balance faces with higher medical costs. These are typically driven by technology elements and the widespread acceptance of genomics and solutions from biotechnology. Such changes could have significant impact on the care of patients and professional practice for clinicians. However, the new shift with focus on the value of clinical results will also provide space and opportunity for innovation among health care experts to modify their business models for better performance… Continue Reading...

History Of Government Intervention in Tobacco Markets

to increase taxes on tobacco, especially when combined with a public health objective as well (remember that government pays Medicare, Medicaid and the VA, so pays for a lot of health care for smokers). However, if the tax increases are high enough, people will stop smoking. This is particularly true of people who wish to stop smoking, and need incentive to do so. Further, tax increases can price cigarettes out of reach of young people, so that they never take up smoking in the first place. A study by the World Health Organization estimated that in developed countries the… Continue Reading...

Hiv, Aids, and Hp2020 Initiative

highly susceptible to HIV (e.g., bisexual and gay males, non-Whites, etc.) represents an important HIV prevention-focused public health approach (healthypeople.gov, 2016). Individuals seeking HIV-related care may receive: • HIV prevention services • Antiretroviral therapy • Mental healthcare • Miscellaneous health services • Sexually transmitted disease testing and treatment (healthypeople.gov, 2016) Emerging Issues in HIV With growth in the share of HIV-infected individuals who know of their HIV+ status, HIV-targeted prevention approaches are gaining importance (healthypeople.gov, 2016). HIV-related prevention efforts revolve around: • Joining and continuing treatment. • Providing HIV-affected individuals' partners with preventive services • Increasing continuous HIV prevention… Continue Reading...

How to Judge a Business Idea

obesity have mirrored a trend that follows the growth of the fast food industry which represents a decline in public health. The development of high obesity rates in industrialized countries comes from a variety of different factors, but the availability of cheap and unhealthy food sources has definitely been a key piece of the equation. Americans have the lowest-cost food supply in the world and spend the lowest proportion of disposable income on food, but this has all come at a cost to the average American's health. One study examined the relationship between diet and colon cancer and used… Continue Reading...

Aboriginal Perspective and the Secret River

Concepts of Wellbeing. International Journal of Environmental Research and public health, 10, 678 -- 698. Pettit, E. J. (2015). Aborigines' Dreaming or Britain's Terra Nullius: Perceptions of Land Use in Colonial Australia. Iowa Histrial Review, 5(1), 23 -- 60. Continue Reading...

Community Health

sessions, surveys, observation, and interviews (North Carolina Division of public health, 2010; U.S. DHHS, 1992; North Carolina Division of public health, 2010). Meanwhile, secondary information is gathered for some different purpose, or by some other individual, group or organization (Institute of Medicine, 2011). 2. Policy Development One main health promotion activity is a policy for public health, whose advancement necessitates accurate anticipation of the policy's health outcomes and influencing of policy process for ensuring the health outcomes are taken into consideration. Health impact evaluation represents an approach capable of helping meet both the aforementioned requirements. Policies usually create health… Continue Reading...

Public Health Law Case Study

public health core function that is principally addressed by the author is law. As pointed out by the author, public health law infrastructure that is sound is imperative for the reason that it institutes the powers and duties of government to safeguard injury and disease and promote the health of the population (Gostin, 2008). There are examples of how law is used in public health. To begin with, at a personal and individual level, this core function can educate, generate inducements, deter as well… Continue Reading...

Childrens Rights and Teacher Advocacy

that might protect children from improper care and promote more positive results ( public health England, 2013). Some of these factors are: i. Maternal health -- the[[:blank:]]wellbeing of children and the wellbeing of their mothers were found to be intertwined (this does not make the influence of their fathers' wellbeing less important, but the study provided very little data on the specific influence of the fathers' wellbeing on the children's wellbeing) ii. Wellbeing in families and family relationships-getting along with members of one's family has been linked to increased good moods and reduced anxiety in children, and viewed as keys… Continue Reading...

Racialized Violence and Police Brutality in Usa

480-505. Gilbert, Keon L. and Ray, Rashan. "Why Police Kill Black Males with Impunity: Applying public health Critical Race Praxis (PHCRP) to Address the Determinants of Policing Behaviors and "Justifiable" Homicides in the USA." Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 93, Supp. 1, pp. 122-140. Makarechi, K. (2016). What the data really says about police and racial bias. Vanity Fair. Retrieved online: http://www.vanityfair.com/news/2016/07/data-police-racial-bias Troutt, David Dante. "Imagining Racial Justice in America." The Nation. 29 Dec, 2014. Retrieved online: http://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/39295435/IMAGINING_RACIAL_JUSTICE_IN_AMERICA.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJ56TQJRTWSMTNPEA&Expires=1479418404&Signature=44fHry0sN8hb5XP0j10Izw%2B0EMk%3D&response-content-disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DIMAGINING_RACIAL_JUSTICE_IN_AMERICA.pdf Continue Reading...

Ethics in Engineering and Public Safety

the direct and immediate impacts of pollution on individual and public health. Engineers have the ability to directly impact water quality and air quality, with possibly deleterious effects on public health. Social justice concerns may also play into the engineer's program, because of the link between manufacturing plant locations and socio-economic inequalities (Michelfelder & Jones, 2013). However, immediate toxins and pollutants are only one facet of the overall engineering ethics related to environmental justice and sustainability. The longer-term impacts of engineering on climate change and pollution also need to be considered part of professional duty. As Michelfelder & Jones… Continue Reading...

Community Planning Methods That Involve Legalization Of Recreational Marijuana

that have legalized the use of marijuana should embark on policies that will promote public health and ones that will monitor and control the production of marijuana. The message in this essay is to urge community leaders and planners to institute effective controls for the production and distribution of marijuana and its products and monitor taxation if they wish to realize the intended objectives. Background and Context of the Research California became the first state in the U.S. to legalize marijuana in 1996 through proposal 215. The state now has large formal groups of growers, processors and sellers of… Continue Reading...

Return on Investment with Fall Prevention

costs and healthcare costs. There would also be looking at partnerships like those with people in the public health sphere, people that are focused on aging (like the NCOA) and healthcare providers in general. Programs and services that would be looked at would include exercise programs, medication reviews, vision screening and home assessments. The reach of this data collection and review would necessarily encompass the actual adults that are 65+, consumers, healthcare providers, children of elderly adults, caregivers, community service providers, policymakers and state coalition makers. Finally, there are the aforementioned outcomes. The NCOA is prescient enough to know… Continue Reading...

Health Industry Professional Boards

the AMA represents a professional organization chiefly engaged in publishing studies geared at advancing public health, in addition to advocating for licensed doctors' interests. It participates in the areas of Obamacare implementation, healthcare IT, Medicare/Medicaid, improvements in care delivery quality and patient safety, etc. Resident doctors, medical students, and all doctors are entitled to apply for AMA membership (Rouse, 2015). A summary of the functions of each of these boards, their primary focus, and what they do ANA The ANA represents the nation's lone full-service agency that speaks for the whole RN labor force in America. In all places,… Continue Reading...

Sea Treasures – Business Model

non-native species that are commercially appealing will present similar public health and environmental risks such as the poisonous fresh water stingrays. There is need to assess the threats and influence posed by the virtual and ecommerce communities that participate in the trade of ornamental fish varieties, and pursue measures for control of such trade (Jacobi & Magalhaes, 2010). Social marketing and digital media, is, perhaps the most revolutionary change that has occurred in the business world. Purchase decisions are now influenced by informed choices provided on a business website, product reviews and information shared on social media sites. The… Continue Reading...

Nursing License and Process

field, they are being used more and more in public health and many other regulated professions. Depending on the stream of healthcare, the processes of licensing and credentialing have varying terms of licensing and credentialing. It also depends on the particular local government or agency who may have additional norms to meet the local demands expected from the professionals. However, within the healthcare context, there are differences between licensing and credentialing as understood by the professionals and agencies ("Self-regulation of Professionals in Health Care," 2000). For example, licensing is generally referred to as the formal recognition of a professional… Continue Reading...

8 Issues Regarding Public Health in Brazil

Developing Country and Health: Enhancing public health in Brazil In Brazil, public health issues are similar to those in other developing and developed countries. For instance, just as obesity and diabetes is a problem of epidemic proportions in the U.S., so too is it in Brazil. Brazil's health care structure, however, is significantly different, with free health care for all citizens being available (the finer details of this policy are not as alluring as they may seem on the surface, as long wait times for health care can often be… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

Aids Treatment The HIV / AIDS epidemic began as a regional problem but gradually became a global public health issue by the closing decade of the 20th century (Powers, 2016). The same forces that have driven globalization are believed to account for this growth in HIV / AIDS cases, and researchers have since termed the epidemic as "a disease of the global system" (Powers, 2016, p. 239). This paper reviews the relevant peer-reviewed literature as well as nongovernmental organizational resources to evaluate the adequacy of the public infrastructure developed in response to this global problem and a discussion concerning the… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis

experiences among married women, residing in urban Karachi, Pakistan. Ph.D. Dissertation Department Of public health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Ammons, S. K. & Edgell, P. (2007). Religious Influences on Work -- Family Trade-Offs. Journal of Family Issues, 28(6). 794-826. Ansari, S. A. (2011). Gender difference: Work and family conflicts and family-work conflicts. Pakistan Business Review, 13(2). 315-331. Anthias, F. (2013). Intersectional what? Social divisions, intersectionality and levels of analysis. Ethnicities, 13(1). 3-19. Anwar, M. & Shahzad, K. (2011). Impact of Work-Life Conflict on Perceived Employee Performance: Evidence from Pakistan. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 13(2011).… Continue Reading...

Crisis Situations

pressure, leading to internal reorganization and even dismissal of some officials. public health and Safety In February 2016, Johnson & Johnson, a multinational firm involved in manufacturing medical devices as well as pharmaceutical and consumer packaged products, attracted the attention of the public following the verdict of a case involving one of its products with talcum powder. The judiciary ordered the firm was to pay $72 million in damages to the family of a woman whose death was linked to ovarian cancer caused by the powder. Following intense condemnation on social media, the firm faced a major public relations crisis.… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

focus on prevention in some situations, which is why public health officials can treat abuse as a public health issue and not as a private health issue alone. After all, child trafficking is as much a matter of public health concern as it is a matter of law enforcement. Pornography is also a public health issue, and should be legalized in order to shift its jurisdiction to the mental health industry instead of the criminal justice department. When children become involved in high risk sexual activity -- because they were coerced into it in the pornography industry or because… Continue Reading...

Generalized Statement Of Purpose for Masters

then I switched my attention to pharmacy. My studies stimulated my desire to work in global public health, and soon it became apparent that my real passion is for the field of epidemiology. Epidemiology motivates me more than other fields because of the way it applies to the global and macro issues that are so important for public health management and policy. Although I have not yet determined if there is a specific disease or geographic area that I might be interested in researching, but I am keenly aware of health disparities worldwide and am interested in perhaps one… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

P., Macfarlane, D (1998) Exercise and Health -- New Imperatives for public health Policy in Hong Kong, Hong Kong Medical Journal, 4(4), 389-393. Cederstrom, C., Spicer, A (2015) The Wellness Syndrome, MA: Polity Pres. Chan, A (2014) Hong Kong Needs . . . Australasian Leisure Management, 104, 40-41. Chan, K (2017) Social Issue of Advertising, Hong Kong, City University of Hong Kong Press. Cheung, R., Woo, M (2016) Determinants of Perceived Service Quality: An Empirical Investigation of Fitness and Recreational Facilities, Contemporary Management Research, 12(3), 363-370. Clason, D. L., Dormody, T. J. (1994). Analyzing data measured by individual Likert-… Continue Reading...

Managing Quality Safety and Individual Performance in Healthcare

industry - challenges, barriers and implementation: developing a framework for TQM implementation in a healthcare setup. Science Journal of public health, 4(4), 271 Inamdar, N., Kaplan, R., & Bower, M. (2002). Applying the balanced scorecard in healthcare provider organizations. Journal of Healthcare Management, 47(3), 195-196. Janicak, C. (2010). Safety metrics: tools and techniques for measuring safety performance. 2nd ed. London: Government Institutes. Kaynak, E., & Rogers, R. (2013). Implementation of total quality management. 3rd ed. New York: Routledge. Niven, P. (2006). Balanced scorecard step-by-step: maximizing performance and maintaining results. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. Continue Reading...

Aurora Colorado Theater Shooting After Action Report

& McCallion, G. (2013). Public mass shootings in the United States: selected implications for federal public health and safety policy. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved from http://journalistsresource.org/wp- content/uploads/2013/03/MassShootings_CongResServ.pdf Garrett, R. (2012). Lessons learned from Aurora. Retrieved from http://www.policemag.com/channel/swat/articles/2012/08/lessons-learned-from- aurora.aspx Kinsey, R. (2012). Lessons from Colorado: how mass shootings have changed police response and what citizens can learn. Retrieved from http://www.annarbor.com/news/crime/lessons-from-colorado/ Osher, C., Illescas, C., & Brown, J. (2014, October 8). Aurora theatre shooting report: breakdown between police and fire caused chaos. The Denver Post. Retrieved from http://www.denverpost.com/news/ci_26686299/aurora-theater-shooting-report-gives- 80-recommendations TriData Division. (2014). Aurora Century 16 Theatre Shooting: After Action Report for… Continue Reading...

Non Credit Programs on Workforce Education

During the Great Recession and Beyond, 2013). Research, Methodology and Results An investigation which placed a focus on general public health training requirements of regional public health staff and a more restricted array of proficiencies associated with training requirements in community health education was carried out by (Kies & Loos, 2013). The subcategory of public health workers who educate the community on health-related issues are referred to as community health educators. Other names used to refer to them are: "health educators" or "community health educators." Various settings in which they work include: K-12 school districts, public health departments, and health care… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

the new Canadian model shows that a federal decriminalization policy may be far better for public health and safety outcomes. A state-by-state decriminalization process is better than drug prohibition, but the federal war on drugs perpetuates social injustices. The war on drugs has directly caused mass incarceration and what Alexander (2012) calls the new Jim Crow because of racial disparities in enforcing drug laws nationwide. Drug prohibition undermines constitutional rights to privacy and freedom. Because legalized drugs allows for federal oversight, drug quality testing, and diversion of funds for public health, the Canadian policy is far more sensible than… Continue Reading...

Community Contribution to Solving Existing Problem

is no doubt that it is a great threat to public health. Multi-sector and multilevel prevention and management strategies are the best touted for resolving the problem (Taveras, et al., 2015). Obesity and overweight rates among black and Latino girls in high school and women in Boston are alarmingly high. Black men have been reported to indicate the highest rates of obesity. Although there is no data on the number of children affected in Boston, the national statistics show that Latino and black children show significantly high rates at a relatively early age. It is expected that the trend… Continue Reading...

Veterans Mental Health Services

factors for suicide and substance abuse. Indeed, approximately 22 veterans commit suicide every day (American public health Association [APHA], 2014). This paper focuses on this social justice problem, specifically highlighting the oppression faced by veterans with regards to access to mental healthcare, the ethical dilemmas associated with the problem, and policies enacted to address the problem. For Veterans, access to mental healthcare remains a major challenge, with veterans in rural areas as well as those facing financial difficulties being the most affected. For instance, reports indicate that 56-87% of military service members undergoing psychological distress following deployment do not… Continue Reading...

Ibm Operations Forecasting Technique

Technique. UK. BookPower. Hidalgo, B., & Goodman, M. (2013). Multivariate or Multivariable Regression? American Journal of public health, 103(1), 39-40. doi:10.2105/ajph.2012.300897 Statista (2016). Revenue of IBM worldwide from 1999 to 2015 (in billion U.S. dollars) Statista Inc. Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

available for firearms-related research is the site hosted by Sydney School of public health at the University of Sydney -- GunPolicy.org. The aim of this site has been to compile thousands of pages of data, charts and news related to firearms law, violence and guidance while promoting "the public health model of firearm injury prevention, as adopted by the World Health Organization's Global Campaign for Violence Prevention and the United Nations Programme of Action on small arms" (Alpers, 2017). The University of Sydney has, in this pursuit partnered with various organizations -- from the Injury Research Center at the… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

28). The Theory of Planned Behavior. Retrieved from Boston University School of public health website: http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/SB/BehavioralChangeTheories/BehavioralChangeTheories3.html Sela-Shayovitz, R. (2008). Young Drivers' Perceptions of Peer Pressure, Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol and Drugs, and Involvement in Road Accidents. Criminal Justice Studies, 21(1), 3 -- 14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786010801972639. Simons-Morton, B. G., Ouimet, M. C., Zhang, Z., Klauer, S. E., Lee, S. E., Wang, J., et al. (2011). The Effect of Passengers and Risk-taking Friends on Risky Driving and Crashes/Near Crashes Among Novice Teenagers. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 49(6), 587 -- 593. Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

alcohol prohibition. Those that supported it saw the act as a victory for public health and ethics. Nonetheless, what may have seemed like a huge victory for morality, turned into a dangerous means of advancing and increasing the power of street gangs. "By eliminating legitimate suppliers of a commodity in high public demand, the state created a monopoly for illegitimate entrepreneurs. It was Prohibition that converted small, localized gangs into large, powerful, and wealthy regional and even national organized criminal syndicates." (Hagan 32) Street gangs produced and sold bootleg liquor that would then turn huge profits as customers bought… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

lacking in required nutrients contribute to malnutrition Ex. All infants and children seen at the local public health Clinic are referred to the nutritionist because of poor diets (X.Y. personal communication, date). Of infants measured, 60% were in the lower percent for their weight/height (X report, date). *These are factors that contribute to problem and outcomes. + Refer to appropriate sections of the database and relevant research of the findings in current literature. Data in the third column could be local, state, or national statistics. 3. Community Health Nursing Diagnoses: Based on your subjective and objective assessment findings above for… Continue Reading...

External Business Environment from 3 Squares Restaurant

government intervention on the micro and macroeconomic environments. Significant political factors affecting include: public health policies are evolving especially in need to increase awareness towards discouraging the consumption of fast foods. Increased concerns about the calorie content of each food mean the restaurant has to shy away from high-calorie foods. Employment laws relating to employees safety and rights: The adoption of the Affordable Care Act means that the restaurant will have to provide health benefits to full-time employees; failure to this adoption risks the restaurant a $2,000 fine. Others include EEO, the right to work, wage and hours, and whistleblower… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

their full strength. Units are deployed to war with scare resources in case soldiers aren't ready for deployment (American public health Association, 2014). Therefore, commanders are coerced into pushing their subordinates to deploy, despite them lacking complete physical or psychological wellbeing. Such incentive systems play a role in maintaining the armed forces culture's current situation. Stigma leads to unwillingness to look for and accept assistance, together with a fear of being faced with negative societal repercussions. The aforementioned obstacles to care are recognized as graver than the VA system's innate institutional obstacles. Only four out of ten veterans suffering… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

the United States has focused increasing attention on the causes of this public health threat and what types of response are most appropriate. The debate over the most appropriate responses to increased violence in American society has also extended to the nation’s schools. Although it has always been present to some extent, violence has become a major problem in the nation’s schools in recent years (Kelly, 2010; Killam & Roland, 2014). While the potential for enhanced awareness of the problem and improved reporting mechanisms may account for some of the reported increase in school violence in recent years (Blosnich… Continue Reading...

The Benefits Of Crowdsourcing Medicine

(Sanghavi 1). Professional organizations and the government have effectively crowdsourced to create public health and public service publications that outline diagnoses and treatment for some diseases (Sanghavi 1). In fact, crowdsourcing may also be more effective at treatment interventions. Recent research has shown “groups of doctors outperform individuals not only in diagnosing problems but also in treating them,” (Sanghavi 1). Plurality breeds accuracy. Crowdsourcing medicine is the first step, after which the patient has the ability to take action armed with the knowledge received online. One of the benefits of crowdsourcing medicine is that it can lead a patient… Continue Reading...

Improving Health Care for Native Americans

is also a barrier. Some tribes have decided to take control over their public health care delivery systems by contracting the functions of IHS, which has allowed some larger tribes to develop their own public health departments, becoming more mobile and able to meet the needs of their constituents more readily (Allison, Rivers & Fottler, 2007). A final recommendation is to focus more attention on preventative services. There are high costs associated with services to cure illness and injury – taking steps to improve health outcomes earlier in life, and reduce the incidence of things like substance abuse, will… Continue Reading...

Why Parents Should Be Liable for Their Children\'s Bullying

parents liable for their children’s bullying behaviors is the first realistic step in addressing this public health threat. Works Cited Darden, Edwin C. “Courts Join Crackdown on School Bullies: Bullying Has Proven Resistant to School Efforts to End the Practice; Now, the Courts Are Joining the Fight.” 2015, April. Phi Delta Kappan, vol. 96, no. 7, p. 76. “Facts about bullying.” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2017, https://www.stopbullying.gov/media/facts/index.html. Issac, Matthew. “Ten additional Penn State students charged in hazing death of pledge.” The New York Times. 2017, November 13. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/13/us/penn-state-fraternity-hazing.html. Shaugnessy, Mary A. “Bullying: Definition and Legal Issues.”… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

the concerns on public welfare, and government’s need to protect the public health. While the medical fraternity believes that this landmark case took a toll on the mental health profession, it is important to acknowledge the nature of the current society and the essentiality of re-evaluating laws to ensure they remain relevant. People who are living with HIV/AIDS struggle in the current society marred with stigmatization. They mostly fight to psychological battles including fighting against friends and families discovering their HIV status and fighting against medical professionals who they entrust their confidential information regarding their health (Dapaah and Senah… Continue Reading...

Public Health Officials Using Computers to Manage Outbreaks

these sources collect data, they do not, do so, with public health objectives in focus (Denecke, 2017). The past few decades have seen tremendous changes in the world. There have been many and varied threats; from bioterrorism, influenza pandemics and the emergence of infectious diseases. There is also the issue of unforeseen population mobility which is among the reasons that triggered the development of public health surveillance systems. Such systems are invaluable tools in the detection and response to infectious disease outbreaks. However, the systems frequently fail to avail the required lead time promptly to enable response for the… Continue Reading...

Assessments Of Personality Types and Careers

their job is to analyze statistical data related to public health, mortality rates, accident rates, and any other variable that might be related to insurance or public policy. Goals include risk forecasting, or projections of liability costs. However, being an actuary is more than crunching numbers. Actuaries are responsible for making clear judgments based on the data, and need to think critically about the material. Actuaries’ judgments and decisions matter, which is another reason why this career field appeals to me. It is not just about generating numbers and raw data, but about applying those numbers to the real… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Transcultural and the Amish Community

A largely insular community since their initial settlement in the United States, the Amish community presents unique challenges for healthcare workers. The Amish eschew modern technology, including many of the tools and techniques used in modern medicine. In fact, the Amish community also forbids higher education (Adams & Leverland, 1986). Misconceptions and misunderstandings about the Amish further complicate healthcare decisions and relationships between healthcare providers and Amish patients. For example, it is commonly assumed that the Amish “lack the preventive practices of immunizations and prenatal care,” (Adams & Leverland, 1986, p. 58). While the rates of immunizations are relatively low… Continue Reading...

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and How Automated Disease Diagnosis and Monitoring Can Help

refer to ailments like gonorrhoea, granuloma, chlamydia, chancroid, syphilis, lymphopathia venereum and inguinale ( public health Law Research, 2014). Established by the California Department of public health (CDPH), the California Regulations and Reportable Disease Information Exchange refer to a safe system used for automated disease diagnosis and monitoring. A number of certain conditions and diseases are authorized by State regulations and rules to be stated by laboratories and healthcare providers to the state healthcare agencies. The mission CPDH pursues is the enhancement of the efficacy of surveillance exercises as well as the quick identification of health occurrences amid public via… Continue Reading...

The Us Grant Programs for Emergencies

by delivering efficient human and health services and promoting strong, constant scientific advancements to aid public health, social and medical services (Grants.Gov, n.d). ASPR (the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response) The ASPR Office under the HHS was established as part of the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act subsequent to Hurricane Katrina. The objective was to lead America in prevention, preparedness and response activities in relation to public health crises’ adverse health impacts (Lurie, 2015). Its focus includes: planning, preparedness, and response; development of federal crisis medical operation capacity; grants for reinforcing healthcare structure and healthcare organizational capacity… Continue Reading...

Suicide Among Psychiatric Patients

(C)? This is an important avenue of research for evidence-based practice in the community, helpful from a public health perspective. However, methodologically such interventions are less feasible. 5. Does mindfulness meditation (I) reduce long-term risk factors and suicidal behaviors (O) among high risk psychiatric patients (P) versus those who do not participate in the meditation programs (C)? As with question three, this is a suitable line of inquiry, which could actually lead to evidence-based practice guidelines for psychiatric institutions. Therefore, I will select this PICO question for the remainder of my research. PICO Question: Does mindfulness meditation (I) reduce… Continue Reading...

Obama’s First Year in Office

law various anti-smoking acts that helped bring about increased attention among the public on the dangers of cigarettes to public health. Obama supported new ethics and transparency policies and made the Supreme Court more diverse by appointing a left-leaning Hispanic female judge to the bench (Antle, Loewe). Finally, what shows the extent to which Obama was truly viewed as a proponent of change in the White House is the fact that he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on October 9th, 2009. While many Americans thought that Obama had not done anything yet to deserve this award, its reception… Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

locations. Making decisions relating to the extent of extraction of natural gas regulation must incorporate safety, public health, the need for more energy and regulation bureaucracy. Research shows that, hydraulic fracturing; horizontal drilling and shale-gas extraction would gain from: 1. better scientific study and coordination; 2. reviewing possible health consequences of methane and similar hydrocarbons found in water for drinking; 3. Industry guided approaches for the development of safer and consistent technologies for extraction, and 4. Possible strengthening of federal and state regulation. Other related areas of interest not discussed in this paper, but would gain from further research… Continue Reading...

The Ethical Issues Of Criminal Justice

K., Rog, D., Dawkins, N., & Cotton, D. (2010). Evaluability Assessment to Improve public health Policies, Programs, and Practices. Annual Review of public health, 31(1), 213–233. Lipsey, M., Petrie, C., Weisburd, D., & Gottfredson, D. (2006). Improving evaluation of anti- crime programs: Summary of a National Research Council report. In Journal of Experimental Criminology (Vol. 2, pp. 271–307). Mehta, A., Malley, B., & Walkey, A. (2016). Formulating the research question. In Secondary Analysis of Electronic Health Records (pp. 81–92). Springer International Publishing.  National Research Council (U.S.). & National Research Council (U.S.). (2005). Improving evaluation of anticrime programs. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press. Rossi, P. H., Lipsey,… Continue Reading...

Health Concern Database Query Report

diagnoses of HIV infection by the categories highlighted above for the year 2015: Implications for public health Intervention or Involvement The fact that new infection rates in the demographic group under consideration remained constant is an indication that there is more that needs to be done to combat HIV infections amongst gay and bisexual men. It demonstrates that the strategies that have been implemented within the last 6 years have not been very successful. Some of the tools that have been implemented in the past in the fight against HIV include, but they are not limited to, the promotion of… Continue Reading...

How Obesity Affects Epidemiology

macro as well as micro environmental obesogenic aspects (Drucquer, 2007). References Drucquer, N. (2007). Theory and Research in Promoting public health?Edited by Sarah Earle, Cathy E. Lloyd, Moyra Sidell and Sue Spurr and Health Promotion Practice: Building Empowered Communities?By Glenn Laverack. Health & Social Care in the Community, 15(6), 605-606. Egger, G., Swinburn, B., & Rossner, S. (2003). Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?. Obesity reviews, 4(2), 115-119. Hu, F. (2008). Obesity epidemiology. Oxford University Press. Korbonits, M. (2008). Obesity and metabolism. Basel: Karger. Mela, D (2005). Food, diet and obesity. Elsevier. Continue Reading...

Preventing an Influenza Pandemic

Introduction While public health emergencies crop up from time to time, it is critical that public health stakeholders be prepared to address emergency situations whenever they occur. The spread of influenza is one such public health emergency that stakeholders should be ready to address. Addressing these situations requires a number of steps to be taken: communication must be instrumental in conveying the urgency of the situation among medical personnel, researchers, governmental authorities, and so on, so that everyone is abreast of the situation and on the… Continue Reading...

Childhood Obesity Prevention

The challenge of obesity has been ranked as a public health threat due to the number of children with obesity in the US and the increasing numbers. Among children of between the ages of 6 and 11 years, it has been observed that the rates of obesity have more than tripled over the last three decades. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) in their 2005 report placed the number of children with obesity at 9 million across the nation for children over 6 years, this number has since risen. The biggest worry in these statistics is the daily reality in… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Using Bilingual Call Compared to Family Interpreters Research Paper

Mexican Americans: The Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging. American Journal Of public health, 103(5), e45-e52. http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2012.300969 Bethea, D. (2018). Use a Professional Interpreter Instead of Bilingual Family or Staff. Blog.languageline.com. Retrieved 26 January 2018, from http://blog.languageline.com/why-you-should-use-a-professional-interpreter-instead-of-bilingual-family-or-staff de Moissac, D., & Bowen, S. (2017). Impact of language barriers on access to healthcare for official language minority Francophones in Canada. Healthcare Management Forum, 30(4), 207-212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0840470417706378 Hsieh, E. (2010). Provider–interpreter collaboration in bilingual health care: Competitions of control over interpreter-mediated interactions. Patient Education And Counseling, 78(2), 154-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2009.02.017 Hu, J., Wallace, D., McCoy, T., & Amirehsani, K. (2013). A Family-Based Diabetes Intervention for Hispanic Adults and Their Family… Continue Reading...

Georgia Environmental Quality Departments

horses, birds and other types of animals. According to the Georgia Department of public health (GDPH) any reports of infected horses or birds in Georgia or the presence of large mosquito numbers could be an indication of greater risks of getting infected as well (Georgia.Gov, 2017). Georgia residents are advised to take protective measures aimed at alleviating the chances of getting bitten by a mosquito (Georgia.Gov, 2017). The risks are even higher when mosquito breed viruses are identified in an area. Protective measures The people of Georgia are actively advised by GDPH to prefer products that have been certified… Continue Reading...

Effect That Changes in Society Has Had on the Curriculum

grow to citizens who are conscious of their environments thus making rational decisions on public health and environmental issues (Brown, 2014). The programs are incorporated from the kindergarten through to the twelfth grade. The educators are as well prepared with the competency in environmental science knowledge. It is also their responsibility and renders the services to employees making it possible for the organizations to meet the challenges and organizational commitment. The New York school district has taken significant steps towards aligning the curriculum with changes in the society. Technology, as established, has been become an integral facet of social… Continue Reading...

California\'s Congressional Senators

Introduction California State (capital: Sacramento) is America’s third biggest state after Texas and Alaska, with a population of thirty-seven million according to 2010 statistics. The state boasts the nation’s largest economy, having made it first to the trillion-dollar gross state product milestone. By the year 2012, the state became the 9th largest global economy. Its several million acres of agricultural land makes California a largely rural state. It ranks as national leader in crop production. Further, California houses several world-famous national parks and cultural institutions such as Disneyland, Hollywood, Angel Island, Alcatraz, Golden Gate Bridge and Yosemite National Park. Its… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Research and Pros and Cons

separate studies at once, which does require more resources and time. Commonly used in the social sciences and in public health research, mixed methods should be employed when it is feasible and warranted (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2013). Researchers should always endeavor to approach a problem from as many angles as possible, and consider the way their choice research methods might impact interpretation of a problem and more importantly, impact public policy. Mixed methods extend understanding of a research problem in several ways. Case studies and other qualitative methods offer an in-depth and also personalized, humanized insight… Continue Reading...

Environmentalism and Some Positive and Negative Trends

degradation aside, pollution at the local level is impacting public health and lowering quality of life. Adebobola (n.d.) notes that urban centers are not the only places impacted by pollution. Water pollution can affect not just areas with high population densities but also rural regions. Polluted water can also impact the integrity of food sources, as agriculture requires access to clean water. Food shortages are not, however, localized to the regions experiencing water pollution or drought. As Adebobla (n.d.) points out, the international food trade has led to interdependence among nations. Africa and Asia, for example, depend on certain… Continue Reading...

Meaningful Usage Of Health Information Technology Hit

all stakeholders (hospital systems, physician practices, community health clinics, patients, payers and public health systems), thereby facilitating ongoing public debates and discussions relating to healthcare issues requiring more advanced technology approaches. Health IT initiatives demonstrate the ability to initiate unexpected partnerships and collaborations, with 85% of stakeholders (Pennic, 2012) joining hands to acquire new skills and knowledge from one another, deploy novel technologies, and map the way to an integrated health community founded on cooperation, communication, access and transparency. HIT acceptance and implementation necessitates substantial state support, robust federal support, and an alliance between state governors, Medicaid officers, and… Continue Reading...

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (prams)

having a baby. The PRAMS test is stratified to ensure that subpopulations of specific public health consideration are oversampled, like mothers of reduced birthweight babies and racial/cultural minority communities (Shulman, Gilbert and Lansky, 2006). Background & clinical significance Effect of the issue/topic on the client & community Even though there are significant advances made in medical care, there still are substantial threats facing maternal, child, and infant health in the U.S. The most conspicuous challenge is the reduction of preterm birth rates. Preterm births have increased by an excess of 20 percent for the period between 1990 and 2006.… Continue Reading...

Advance Practice Nursing Ethics Disclosure

(2013). Medical error disclosure and patient safety. Journal of public health Research 2(3): e31. Jenkins, R.H. & Vaida, A.J. (2007). Simple strategies to avoid medication errors. FPM 14(2): 41-47. Leone, D., Lamiani, G., Vegni, E., et al (2015). Error disclosure and family members’ reactions: Does the type of error really matter? Patient Education and Counseling 98(4): 446-452. McLennan, S.R., Diebold, M., Rich, L.E. et al (2016). Nurses’ perspectives regarding the disclosure of errors to patients: A qualitative study. International Journal of Nursing Studies 54(2016): 16-22. Sorrell, J.M., (March 7, 2017) "Ethics: Ethical Issues with Medical Errors: Shaping a Culture… Continue Reading...

Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

the definition of a prevalent and significant health threat. Notably, Alabama’s Department of public health recently declared Lyme disease endemic to seven counties (Thompson, 2016). Lyme disease in particular has become more dangerous than certain types of cancers regarding number of cases and complications. Although cases in Alabama for example, are low in number, the growing number of not just Lyme, but RMSF have become cause for concern within the state. “The Alabama Department of public health reports that several common tick-borne illnesses have been on the rise in Alabama in recent years, even illnesses thought to be uncommon… Continue Reading...

Anti Obesity Programs and Policies

Few other public health issues have drawn as much attention, and garnered as much support for policy and programming as obesity. Obesity programs have been initiated and implemented at the federal and state levels, and all fifty states currently have early childhood education physical activity and healthy eating regulations and policies (The State of Obesity, 2018). All the major national public health research organizations, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health likewise inform and promote obesity-related policies and programs. Government agencies like… Continue Reading...