Religion Essays


Cultural Identity Essay (Free Example Completed in 2019)

  Abstract This paper discusses all the facets and considerations inherent to cultural identity. Namely, the paper describes the importance of cultural identity, the definition of cultural identity, and examples of cultural identity—both theoretical and literal examples in the world today. This essay seeks to show how one’s cultural identity is so much more than just a melee of one’s race, environment and heritage. Cultural identity is made up of so many factors and influences, both positive and negative, and both direct and covert. This paper sheds light on how one’s cultural identity manifests and how the cultural identity of Continue Reading...

Covenantal Nomism

what nomism represents when he says "Judaism was not and is not a religion where acceptance with God is earned through the merit of righteousness based on works." In other words, no one can do good deeds as a means to become part of God's people, as mentioned before. Hagner goes a bit further when saying that the subject of "justification by faith" was seen as a way to "facilitate" and help the mission of the Gentiles. Hagner touches on the same vexing question that was brought up before and that was how Saul the Pharisee and Paul the… Continue Reading...

The Book Of Tobit Review

the Catholic Church and of Judaism. People are increasingly turning away from religion as a source of how to live their life and be a good person. However, there are plenty of other people that are pushing back on that movement and the results and outcomes of such an impure society are starting to rear their heads in vigorous and vicious fashion. Bibliography Bible Odyssey. "Second Temple Judaism." Bibleodyssey.Org. Last modified 2016. Accessed August 26, 2016. http://www.bibleodyssey.org/tools/timeline-gallery/s/second-temple-judaism.aspx. Toy, Crawford Howell. "TOBIT, BOOK OF - Jewishencyclopedia.Com." Jewishencyclopedia.Com. Last modified 2016. Accessed August 26, 2016. http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/14422-tobit-book-of. Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

normally measured in terms of religiosity or how far a person displays a sincere respect for his/her religion, and its practices and values (Durkin et al., 1999; Chriss, 2007). Involvement is the third social bonding component; it deals with the time an individual devotes to conforming activities, like taking part in sports or clubs, or completing school work. Social bonding theory claims that those who devote their time to conformist activities will simply lack the time to involve themselves in deviant activities. In case of college students, involvement indicators include the quantity of time they devote to studying or… Continue Reading...

Australian Curriculum

and peoples within the Australian space rather than giving favor to any certain culture, religion or group of people as part of establishing any sort of national identity or dominant culture. A linchpin of this plan is to impart upon students that they supposed to take responsibility for what they make of this world. Rather than just life pass them by or not be aware and cognizant of what is going on in the world around them, ACARA is requesting and beckoning students to be an active and accepting member of society so as to make the country and… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

the protected classes in the law. These include age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and/or civil partnership status, race, religion/beliefs, gender and sexual orientation. The prohibited conduct as mentioned in the law is fairly specific and is covered in the second chapter of the key concepts section. These include direct discrimination, combined discrimination, discrimination that comes from disability, discrimination arising from gender reassignment and time away from work for the same, discrimination related to pregnancy or maternity in general, adjustments (or lack thereof) for people that are disabled, how discrimination can be identified based on comparisons and similarities and prohibited… Continue Reading...

Lecture Xx by William James

same duties" (487). According to him, every person believes and sees religion from his "peculiar angle of observation" (487) and deals with it on his own unique way. James explains the presence of an unseen order of some kind in that has the riddles of the natural order. Here, we either have a blind faith in traditional religious answers, or we presume some future state whereby this "unseen world" will be discovered and verified by science. Presently, we might say that these answers are represented by either fundamentalists who dogmatically assert the ultimate truth of their religious beliefs irrespective… Continue Reading...

Ethnicity

of a certain group of people or individuals in a certain geographical expanse taking into account their customs, language, religion and birthright. In order to be deemed a member of an ethnic group, one must conform to either all or a number of such aforementioned practices. Describe the differences between ethnicity and race It is imperative to note that there is a difference between race and ethnicity. A key difference lies in the fact that ethnicity is tied to cultural aspects of an individual or group of people whereas race is tied to their biological aspects. On one hand,… Continue Reading...

Sophia Tannis

in the southern states, consisting of gender, culture, nationality and religion, Tannis was able to substantially deliver and form an accomplished team to maintain the changes instigated (Blanchard, 2013). Change and Acceptance For starters, change is an element that is inexorable for not only individuals, but also organizations. Change management together with alteration have come to be longstanding constituents for organizations in the present day. Change determinations are time and again unsuccessful as a result of the fact that change agents operate with a constrained viewpoint. They make solicitation of solely one or two lenses to come up with… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

faith in its organization and organizational system the way other people have faith in the religion they follow (Stadtler, 2015; Feitzinger & Lee, 1997). HP's leaders collaborate with other businesses for ensuring the organization has the right individuals, possessing the right skills, assigned the right job. HP is improving its growth capacity via strategic personnel strategies, merger and acquisition support, and providing emerging markets with reasonably-priced infrastructure. For remaining at the top of the market, the organization optimizes all operating strategy aspects -- increasing returns, investing wisely and being efficient. Role of HRM in HP Employees form the key… Continue Reading...

Renaissance and Rise Of Humanism in Painting

Masaccio, Fra Angelico, and Filippino Lippi The Renaissance was a dynamic time in which religion, artwork, and new styles, thoughts and concepts regarding perspective and expression intertwined and impacted one another. The effect was an explosion of new talent, new advancements in painting, and new horizons achieved. This paper will show how this was achieved by examining three works from three influential Renaissance painters -- Masaccio, Fra Angelico and Filippino Lippi. Masaccio Masaccio's The Tribute Money (ca. 1420) is a perfect illustration of the complex formula of Renaissance religious symbolism and naturalistic beauty that… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Religion

that can accommodate many difference ideologies. Federalism and Religious Freedoms A Federalist design works to protect religion and religious leaders by allowing them to operate freely without any state intervention. Main Point • Although religions receive many protections, there are many issues that put the church and state at odds when the religious ideology conflicts with the secular freedoms which have been present since the founding in varying forms and degrees; obvious examples in today's society could be illustrated by abortion and stem-cell research. • Contrary to a general misconception, however, the Puritans also made lasting contributions to America's tradition of… Continue Reading...

Patient Named Eliza

allergies, patient adherence to the treatment)  - Psychiatric history  - Present legal or forensic issues  - Social condition (housing status, family, religion, cultural background, finances)  - Abuse or violence (including incidents of abuse or violence related to any kids in the care of the individual, together with knowledge of reporting obligation) - The MSE or Mental Status Examination – an unbiased evaluation of behavioral, emotional, and cognitive aspects)  - Current functioning level  - Substance use  - Assessment of suicide risk I would carry out a preliminary standard Level 01 CCM (Crosscutting Measure) for ascertaining whether or not any extra problem areas emerge,… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

is during this period that a paradigm shift from faith ( religion) to reason as the principal source of legitimacy and authority occurred (Badger). The shift occurred against the backdrop of ideals such as science, tolerance, liberty, democracy, secularism, free will and humanism. However, the period is also scared with false starts and failures, violent schisms, world wars, imperialism, terrorism, irrational nationalism, extreme religious war, information overload, pollution and the threat of nuclear annihilation that indicate failure of the rational model promised by the Enlightenment. On the premise of this dichotomy of hope and failure, this essay critically demonstrates the… Continue Reading...

Dome Of St Peters Basilica

thus giving them to the world via the mechanism of religion. Indeed, it was a suitable vehicle. The Church was at its height, its apogee -- and would soon be rendered a serious shock to its system in the coming Protestant Reformation. But for now, it was in control and it exerted power and influence over all Europe. This dominance could be captured and illustrated best by using the same forms and architectural concepts that the ancient world of antiquity had mastered: the glories of Rome and Greece -- the two mammoths of artistic feat in the West --… Continue Reading...

Transference and Countertransference

proper boundaries and distance. Whether it be past experiences, feelings about religion, feelings about politics or other such things, these professionals have to be mindful of how they react and how they care for their patients. The mental health game is not a playing field for people that cannot or will not control their responses to such stimuli. References Hughes, P. & Kerr, I. (2000). Transference and countertransference in communication between doctor and patient. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 6(1), 57-64. Retrieved from http://apt.rcpsych.org/content/6/1/57.full#SEC7 Continue Reading...

Byzantine Art from the Middle Ages

woodwork all indicated in elaborate and grand ways the glory of God. Yet, as art, religion, society, politics and travel began to increase and grow at this time, the mendicant orders appeared like a salve -- a reminder of the need for Christian society to be humble, to be charitable, to be Christ-like and simple. The new style and format for art that emerged during the 1200s and 1300s were infused with the teachings and ideas of the mendicant orders, which swept the continent as a result of their bold simplicity and greatness of spirit. This paper will examine… Continue Reading...

Diversity Management

levels -- from racial and gender background to age, religion, political affiliation, sexual orientation, geographic origin, disability, social status, and personality. The importance of an inclusive workplace is informed by the fact organizations now exist in communities with diverse populations, all which require proportionate representation in the workplace. By creating an inclusive workplace, an organization benefits from diversity of ideas and perspectives (Yang & Konrad, 2011). In a constantly evolving world, organizations must be willing to take advantage of different ideas, skills, capabilities, and experiences. An inclusive workplace provides a valuable way through which this can be achieved. Demonstrating… Continue Reading...

Klemperers Diaries and National Socialism

concept of citizenship based upon individualism, not upon a particular allegiance to a religion and which also supported economic free choice. He still held true for many years to the ideology which had been the foundation of his life before the Nazis came to power, namely the belief that Germany could be a place for all human beings, so long as they showed loyalty to the state. Klemperer, as a result of his experiences, never lost faith in the idea of a German state which could represent the interests of all people, which is one reason why he became… Continue Reading...

Orthodoxy Of Abrahamic Religions

of this death on the cross. Regardless, it is clear that not even everyone under the Abrahamic religion envelope was in lockstep behind Jesus when he merged just after the CE years that we remain within (Tabor, James) (STR). Next up in term of chronological order is the time and orders of Mohammed. Coming to prominence in the 600's CE, it was clear that while Mohammed did not reject the words and beliefs of the Jews and the Christians outright, he clearly wanted to take a different path and he very much did not hold those other two Abrahamic… Continue Reading...

When Work Disappears

also other aspects such as gender, disability, geographic origin, and religion. Developing countries should pay greater attention to these aspects. Question 4 With shifts in workforce demographics, developed countries face a significant dilemma -- whether to grow the labor force via immigrants or via employing more traditional workers. Whereas there may be no straightforward answer to this dilemma, it appears that more and more developed countries are growing the labor force through employing more non-traditional workers (short-term contract workers, freelancers, virtual assistants, independent workers, and other types of non-permanent workers). Most developed countries are increasingly tightening their immigration policies… Continue Reading...

Role Of Women in Developing Culture in Nigeria

local institutions, replacing them with the 'alien' institutions of formal education, religion, etc. Women of most ethnic communities in the nation, especially the Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa, featured prominently in local and national politics, holding key positions. The women of the country have "broken even," and are currently a strong party in Nigeria's developmental processes (OGUNJEMILUA & FAMILUGBA, 2016). The nation's second republic (between 1979 and 1983) saw its first woman senator -- France Afegbua. An improvement was observed in its fourth republic (between 1999 and 2004), with 3 female Senators and 15 female House of Representatives members. This… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

affect financial management, whereas debts have an adversely impact. Other variables such as religion, age, and also being Dutch have a constructive impact on financial management. What is more, financial management is influenced positively by long-term orientation, while short-term influences it negatively. Lastly, having financial knowledge and understanding of financial products have a positively impact whereas the lack thereof has a negative impact. Conclusion Mental budgeting seems to be extensively practiced in the Netherlands and numerous preceding findings in the literature regarding the determining factors of mental budgeting are reproduced. One of the inferences made is that higher education… Continue Reading...

‘araby’ by James Joyce

based on the oppression people are facing in the name of religion which causes them to have a very false perspective of reality. Description of the setting Araby is set in Dublin, Ireland and the story locale is a North Richmond Street that is depicted as 'blind' and quiet. The word blind is chosen to imply 'without a vision' or 'a dead end.' The house of the narrator is described as 'enclosed' and 'musty;' however the narrator in his youth was unaware of the staleness that surrounds him. All of his attention was fixed on Mangan's sister whose presence… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Africa Study Design

research when qualitative variables are used to explain behavior or outcomes. Such variables might include "sex, race, religion, nationality, geographical region, etc." (Uriel, 2013, p. 1). Regression analysis and other multivariate techniques are useful for describing the relationships among variables. When a dependent variable or outcome is assessed according to how it relates to various qualitative variables (such as the ones identified above), multivariate techniques such as regression can be useful in assessing that relationship. In the case of a study addressing terrorism in African (Boko-Haram specifically), regression may be used because of the qualitative study's assessment of the… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

and -transformation. In case of Soren, unique existence manifested itself in a moment of disagreement between religion and ethics. If acting according to the will of God brings meaning to a particular individual's life, how is this conceived by philosophy? At this point, drawing on the German philosopher, Hegel, as symbolic of the whole tradition, Soren's work Fear and Trembling reveals that the author finds meaning in life by raising himself "to the universal," bringing his natural tendencies and wants under ethical law, which reflects what he should be (i.e., his "telos") (Obinyan, 2014). Hence, existence denotes attaining self-possession within… Continue Reading...

Godbeers Salem Witch Trials

the 1692 Salem Witch hunt showed just how much religion and religious belief permeated society. Several were accused and executed for witchcraft in Salem. While many of the accused were just victims of an overzealous society, the Salem Witch Trials remain as part of an unforgettable part of American history. Richard Godbeer's Escaping Salem: The Other Witch Hunt of 1692, take another look at the events of 1692 Salem, but from a different, refreshing perspective. The book notes of the dramatic change in early New England's legal system because of the witch trials. The people's faith-based beliefs came in… Continue Reading...

Treatment Modalities for Act and Ipt

able to "sell" the practice best by drawing a connection between the patient's religion and the tools and techniques of ACT. I might need some time compiling my "pitch," but I would eventually be able to convince a noncompliant, rigid minded patient that their religious values and beliefs are not threatened by the type of therapy they use. In fact, ACT is multifaceted and is built on a framework of openness and exploration (Hayes, n.d.). As respectfully as possible, I would try to urge the patient to consider whether their religion is actually serving them or not. Interpersonal Psychotherapy… Continue Reading...

Persuasive Speech

emanate from Mexico and Latin America, and are Catholics in terms of religion. Therefore, it is wrong to link them to acts of terrorism. In addition, border crossing cannot be linked to terrorism as such attacks have been designed by legal individuals on work, study or tourist visas (Open Borders). Negative Economic Effects Another need for having stronger limits on immigration encompasses the fact that it has an adverse impact on the United States economy. Undocumented workers and illegal immigrants have undercut the wages and taken up employment opportunities that would otherwise be handed to Americans. Owing to the… Continue Reading...

East Asian History Questions

teachings References Adler, Joseph A. "Chance and Necessity in Zhu Xi's Conceptions of Heaven and Tradition." European Journal for Philosophy of religion 8:1 (2016), 143-162. 2. Explain what was at issue in the "Four-Seven" debate among Korean Confucian thinkers. The Four-Seven debate is pivotal for Korean Confucian history and knowledge. It stems from Zhu Xi, actually, whose teachings made a tremendous and lasting impact on Choson-era Korea. The four-seven debate refers first to the more esoteric and symbolic concepts of the "four beginnings" and the "seven feelings," stemming from I and ki, respectively (Cua 104). Because Zhu Xi left many of… Continue Reading...

Aztec and Pre Aztec and Inca Civilization

the form and function of both Machu Picchu and Teotihuacan. religion informs design and architecture in all cultures, and is particularly evident in the planning and construction of Teotihuacan near modern-day Mexico City and Machu Picchu in modern day Peru in the highlands of the Amazon rainforest near Bolivia. The religious beliefs that dominated pre-Aztec civilizations in Mexico informed the design and layout of Teotihuacan, a complex and multilayered site that is aligned with sun, moon, and stars. Similarly, Machu Picchu is designed strategically for cosmic alignment but it is more critically planned in accordance with the need to engineer… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Shinto and Buddhism

Shinto, the indigenous religion of Japan, emphasizes nature to a considerable degree, a distinguishing feature of the faith. Buddhism offers a far more cerebral and philosophical approach, as well as pathways for personal psychological development. Unlike Shinto, Buddhism is not indigenous to Japan and is in fact a foreign religion that simply became entrenched there. In Japan, the two religions often fuse and their temples are found in close proximity to one another. They are not considered mutually exclusive or conflicting; they are both integral to Japanese identity, social norms, and culture.… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

of Islam in Africa and Asia Along Trade Routes The Islam religion spread in Asia and Africa mainly due to trade of such goods as spices, gold, as also due to slaves. The advantages of proximity with the greatly profitable and powerful traders of the Islam religion triggered the conversions of merchants and rulers' into Muslims. Islam spread slowly; it took centuries, but in most places where the conversion took place, people still hold on to the religion (Debrouse). This paper explores the reasons of spread of Islam religion along Asian and African trade routes, particularly centering on the success… Continue Reading...

Joseph Andrews Novel by Henry Fielding

way, showing that the author is making fun of religion as well as its artificial morality. The fact that the Christian religion mandates no sex before marriage is something that the author seems interested in critiquing. In some ways the author comes across as being cynical, as it is nice to think about a man who is so fully devoted to a woman that nothing can veer him from his commitment to her. Yet Joseph is not as much committed to Fanny as to the idea of chastity. The author uses comedic phrasing, as when he has Joseph refer… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

between them are on account of numerous variables including race/ethnicity, sex, religion, political beliefs, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, disability and ideologies (Rice, 2010). Companies capable of formulating and implementing requisite processes and strategies in this regard will enjoy a competitive edge over rivals, in addition to increased efficacy. Private sector models of competition are not exactly perfectly suited to public sector institutions as the latter lack a profit motive for existence. Nevertheless, public sector organizations ought to strive towards drawing in, hiring and retaining the cream of the labor force to accomplish their statutory goals, which constitute their bottom… Continue Reading...

Marx, Weber, Bourdieu, and Gramsci

meaning/message and how well it is received (Bourdieu "Symbolic Power and the Political Field" 166). Thus, politics, religion and social groups all have the ability to construct their symbolic power structures. In the age of the Internet, wherein power is decentralized and individualized, the classical theories of cultural power have varying degrees of application. The Marxist theory still applies in some form because it is only thanks to the individual efforts of laborers who disseminate information on the Internet that a new media has been able to be achieved: the collective efforts of users of the Internet have given… Continue Reading...

Hindu Life Cycle Experience and Way Of Life

a good hereafter. This post-stage readies people for further rebirth till they attain moksha. Applying supporting principles The religion of Hinduism acknowledges a total of 4 life goals, which were properly applied in the aforementioned narrative (Bhsaskarananda, 2010): 1. Kama -- fulfilling sensual desires. 2. Artha -- acquiring material wealth and possessions. 3. Dharma -- performing religious obligations. 4. Moksha -- attaining liberation via God-realization. References Bhsaskarananda, Swami. The Hindu Way of Life. September 13, 2010. http://www.vedanta-seattle.org/articles/the-hindu-way-of-life/. Editors of Hinduism Today Magazine. What is Hinduism. Hawaii: Himalayan Academy, 2007. Continue Reading...

Buddhist Versus Hindu Architecture

the ability of laypersons as well as monks to obtain Enlightenment. In contrast, Hinduism is a distinctly Indian religion. Both religions embrace the concept of reincarnation, although it is Hinduism who uses this idea to justify a caste system, or the notion that the social class into which someone is born justifies the existence of a stratified society. This paper will argue that Buddhist art similarly reflects the religion's concept of the non-existence of a central self as well as a veneration of the Buddha and its teachings, versus Hinduism which reflects an anthropomorphic understanding of god as well… Continue Reading...

Thomas More’s Utopia

depicts a perfect or positive world. With regard to religion, while the author was extremely firm on his Roman Catholic beliefs, in a perfect world, he desired religion in a better, "purer" form, as defined by him in the story. His thinking was definitely advanced, as evidenced by his communist ideas. The novel challenges the status quo, urging the British public to raise questions and criticize their current society instead of acquiescing and living in poverty. Therefore, Thomas More's tale is a description of two faces of the very same coin, of two possibilities in "England," discussing their pros… Continue Reading...

African Slave Trade

the meaning of racism and race. African nations didn't exactly separate politics from religion, and kings' conversion had mixed motives: sincerity and efficiency were compatible, in both age-old African religions and the Iberian Catholic Church. In the area of sex and business, African kings contributed significantly to forming and strengthening relationships with European colonialists, and were usually led to believe they were enjoying the better part of the bargain. Northrup has concentrated on particular areas like textiles, metals, guns, politics, inland trade, spirits and tobacco in Sierra Leone; slavery only served to form new African identities. (Northrup, 2002). Meanwhile, Ehret,… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Positive Psychology Trends

its tenets can be adapted for different cultures and lifestyles. It is not incompatible with psychiatric practices nor with religion. Gratitude, welcoming a simpler life instead of incessant striving for material gains, recognizing the impact our actions have on the lives of others, and valuing challenges as a source of growth can all help people flourish in a complex world. Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

Vietnam. The poets tried to help by showing that unity reflected the cosmic order. Philosophy and religion The mid 16th century Le Dynasty showed that Buddhism was not important officially but was important informally, as when drought conditions inspired Buddhist ritual for rain. Le Thai Tong decided to adopt the Ming rituals and music for Vietnamese court, and that style of ritual and music persists today The Temple of Literature was established, under guidance of Than Phu Tien, to create a continuity of thought in the Confucian tradition Many of the rituals continued until 20th century, highlighting the centrality of… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

greater independence that could have contributed to disregard of limits established by her parents and religion. Poor career choice could be addressed through developing her competence during schooling years. Poor choices in relationships could be addressed through communicating the significance of good choices in relationships and dangers of bad ones. Poor educational achievement could be addressed through constant reminders of the value of education and providing necessary educational resources for better academic achievements. Since learning is a social process as shown by Vygotsky, these changes would change outcomes by providing necessary social support that enables Mila to make right… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

doing, she has explicitly clarified the relationship between contemporary American business, governance, and religion. The book is an indepth report on free market and evangelical doctrines' mainstreaming, and will help readers comprehend how the company won America's hearts and wallets. The Central Theme What is the reason behind the rise of modern consumerism's leading entity in the Arkansan Ozark Mountains situated so far from America's industrial cities, financial hubs, and age-old transportation hubs? After all, prior to Walmart, this region was hardly considered to be the birthplace of a modern corporate giant. Moreton studies the advantages Walmart's rural south… Continue Reading...

Todays Strategic Human Resource Management

job training, classification, referral, and other aspects of employment, on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Other acts have been passed, building on the framework of Title VII. These include the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, providing protections against discrimination for the disabled and for those over 40 as well. All of these are enforcement by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC.gov, 2003). The CRA applies to employers with over 15 employees, or that have employees across multiple states. This means it does not apply to every company.… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

let him interact more with his fellow prisoners. Dahmer learnt religion from photos and books he received from his father. The Correctional Institution of Columbia even allowed him to go through baptism; it was done by a pastor from that area. In 1994, November 28, with regard to his participation in routine work details, he was allocated to work together with two of his fellow convicted murderers, Christopher Scaver and Jesse Anderson. When the three were left to work, Scaver attacked Dahmer and Jesse. By the time the guards came back, he had ruthlessly beaten them using a piece… Continue Reading...

Exegesis Of Revelation 3: 14-22

believers, this is without the Spirit's fruit -- Jesus's true nature. It implies hypocritical religion. Brief for a non-theologically trained audience The world and the devil try to make us feel our good life suffices and is everything we require and desire. We watch "Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous," game shows, and other reality TV episodes in which people are winning large sums of money. We follow raffles and wish for such luck for ourselves. This implies a belief that a good life can be purchased with money, which is actually untrue[footnoteRef:13]. [13: Supra, note 8.] Materialism represents… Continue Reading...

Biblical Prophetic Literature and Hosea

and interprets them as likely bringing upon the wrath of God. Specifically, the adoption of the Canaanite religion is condemned and the exile from God anticipates Israel's later, real, physical exile.[footnoteRef:4] [3: Ibid.] [4: Stuart, 162] Literary Context As a work of prophetic literature, Hosea has a strong apocalyptic tone, forecasting the doom of Israel and a harsh judgement because of its idolatry. Hosea does not offer a suggestion to the Israelites on how to avoid their fate, however, rather he simply tells them what will happen. "A graphic description of the helplessness of the king completes the verse...Hosea's… Continue Reading...

Personal Statement for Law School

.....family comes from a Middle Eastern culture, very conservative and traditional. I was born in the United States, sent to American schools, and yet expected to hold tight to my parents' cultural values and traditions. The turning point of my teenage years came around age fourteen during an interaction with my uncle. He held a 9-millimeter pistol to my head and stated, "I as a male have the freedom to have relations with as many women as I please, whereas you with a single touch of the opposite sex can ruin the entire families' reputation." The encounter came after I… Continue Reading...

Text Sets for a Multicultural Topic

societies that are characterized by people from different religions, nationalities, ethnicities, religion, and races. One of the social factors that are evident in these students' lives is the multicultural environment where they are brought up in and learn. Similar to their communities, these students are in a learning environment with people from different races, religions, and ethnicities. Consequently, they have different lifestyles because of the influence of social and cultural factors in their upbringing. Additionally, these students come from different family backgrounds that include single parent families and families with both parents. Some of these students are from families… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Nigerian Terrorism

It is appealing to the poor and disenfranchised, using religion as a direct means of social and political control. Suggestions for state responses include ongoing negotiations, albeit while embedding counterterrorism measures. Counterterrorism should be less about force and more about addressing the root causes such as socioeconomic inequalities and creating a normative culture in which radicalization no longer takes place. Agbiboa, D.E. (2013b). Why Boko Haram Exists: The Relative Deprivation Perspective. African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review 3(1): 144-157. Boko Haram did not emerge from a vacuum. Radical Islam has existed in Nigeria for decades, since independence. The insurgency represents… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

Turkey since the state was founded. While Islam was the state religion of modern Turkey's precursor, the Ottoman Empire, it was not long after the Republic of Turkey was founded that Islam was removed as the state religion in favor of the secular approach of the country's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. But there have always been tensions between Islam and the state since that point. Turkey's demographics -- split between a handful of large, secular cities and a more rural, religious majority population, and Turkey's vision as a balance of power between east and west, are among the chief… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

the patriarchal order. Works Cited Halligan, Fredrica R., n.d., "Avatar." Encyclopedia of Psychology and religion, pp. 89-90. Jones, Naamleela Free, 2015, "From Gods To Gamers: The Manifestation of the Avatar Throughout Religious History and Postmodern Culture." Berkeley Undergraduate Journal 28(2). Available: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/4mn5k202 Woods, Julian F., 2014, Destiny and Human Initiative in the Mahabharata. SUNY Pres. Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis

with reference to Pakistan context. The uniqueness of the Pakistan is their interplay between family structure religion, culture, and class, which affects their reconciliation of family roles and works among Pakistani women. The study uses the in-depth semi-structured interview to investigate the experience of Pakistani women with reference to work-family conflict. The study uses the qualitative data analysis to enhance data reliability and validity. The analysis is carried out by reading the texts to understand the entire context of the interviews. The outcome of the analysis produces several themes. The first theme produced from the interview is the joint… Continue Reading...

Death and Meaning Of Life in Tuesdays with Morrie

.....deathbed, Morrie reflects on his life, and relays several messages about the meaning or purpose of life. Ironically, one of the main messages of the story is that life does not necessarily have a greater or cosmic meaning. Meaning is found in what is immediately before us, in the day-to-day existence and especially in relationships with others. Life's meaning is found in accepting life for what it is rather than wishing it could be something else. The meaning of life can therefore be best understood by appreciating what we have now instead of wishing we were different or that things… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

religion and Spirituality in a Broad Sense Spirituality and religion are two terms that have rather unstable, historically changing definitions, characterized by numerous implied and explicit theological considerations. Further, the general contention is that these definitions are either overly specific or overly generic. A more astonishing fact is, possibly, these researches' level of concurrence that spirituality represents a private, budding, personal and emotional sphere, whilst religion is more public, group-based and fairly stable. Interviews and questionnaire tools arising out of these… Continue Reading...

Pacific Island and Aboriginal Art 1980

Art, ritual, and religion are inseparable in the aboriginal societies of Oceania. Aboriginal myths of creation and the Dreamtime are rendered in art and permeate the various types of art found throughout indigenous Australia from bark and rock paintings to the modern renditions on canvas. Similarly, the art of Pacific Islands before 1980 is inseparable from their cultural contexts. The concept of art is different in the Pacific Islands than it is for the Europeans who colonized the region. Therefore, it is important to understand both aboriginal and Pacific Island… Continue Reading...

Discrimination and Harassment at the Workplace

on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, and religion." The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) prohibits age discrimination (above 40 years) and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) urge "reasonable accommodations" for the disabled. The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) tell that employees must not be discriminated with personal or medical needs. Failure to implement these directives, discrimination can lead to employees filing discrimination lawsuits against the company. Such court cases are really expensive and the company can lose money if the judgment is in favor of the employee (Nayab, 2010). Nayab (2010) explains that… Continue Reading...

Coming Of Age with Bisexuality

religion and Family on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Children in a Cup of Water Under My Bed: A Memoir by Daisy Hernandez (2015) In her memoir, A Cup of Water Under My Bed, Daisy Hernandez describes her first-hand experiences growing up in the United States as the daughter of Latin American parents from two different countries. Although Hernandez provides a number of salient examples of how cross-cultural issues affect her life, perhaps the most poignant issue explored in her memoirs concerns… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

mainly inspired by Buddhist sentiments, so his religious feeling was offended by the new religion as well. He was not as impacted by the Confucian revival, otherwise he might have had more tolerance for the missionaries, seeing a common bond between them. Because he was more concerned about the unity in Japan than philosophical discussions, he ordered a ban against the missionaries and ended the influx of Catholic religion into Japan (Elisonas 27). This began a closing off of Japan to outside influences that lasted for many years. In one regard, the concept of Neo-Confucianism was responsible for the… Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

is not a formalized creed, as one might find in a religion: its tenets are essentially philosophical and broadly based on the traditional mores of ancient Chinese customs. Some in China view it as a religion because Confucius did touch upon spiritual matters such as the wisdom of following astrological signs, which come from Heaven to guide men. Others view it as a basic philosophy that can be used as a foundation for forming one's character. As Hu Shih point outs, "the Chinese people are the least religious among the civilized races...Chinese philosophy has been most free from the… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

on adolescence and young adulthood when investigating biculturality among Muslim American youth. religion and culture are both significant features and factors of identity construction. At times there may be significant nodes of intersection between national, ethnic, and religious identities, leading to multiple and interlinked identity constructions. Gender can also factor in, as can socio-economic or status class differences. For example, South Asian Muslims share a Muslim identity with their Arabian counterparts, but also share a common identity with their Hindu South Asian counterparts (Mohammad-Arif, 2000). Theories of identity formation are often culturally constrained themselves, revealing biases in the way identity… Continue Reading...

The Eucharist and the Laity

Meal There is no greater religious food in the Catholic religion than the Eucharistic Supper that is given at Mass when the priest consecrates the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. This act is called transubstantiation, and for Catholics it is a religious miracle because while the Body and Blood retain the appearance of bread and wine, their substance is believed to contain the body, blood, soul and divinity of Jesus Christ. Those who receive the Eucharistic during Mass and said to consume the Body of Jesus Christ. The priest announces this during Mass when… Continue Reading...

Violence, Sex and Other Things

have the right to frank, trustworthy information on the subject," not information that has been filtered through their religion or any other distorted views. In fact, Garsd (2015) shows that a sex education program taught throughout primary school enhances the child's ability to recognize that there are multiple attitudes and viewpoints, not to "contradict" what is taught at home or in the place of worship. References De Melker, S. (2015). The case for starting sex education in kindergarten. PBS Newshour. Retrieved online: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/spring-fever/ Garsd, J. (2015). Beyond The Birds And The Bees: Surviving Sex Ed Today. NPR. Retrieved online:… Continue Reading...

Relationship Of Food and Ritual in India

wanted to raise the orphans in her care in the religion of the Church and wanted the traditional sacraments to be available to them. Stalin and Bibiana were not orphans, but both attended the school that the priests had set up for the orphans in Tamil. The priests welcomed locals into the school. Stalin was a border with the orphan boys who stayed at the priests' rectory. The girls stayed at the ashram with Aunty. Currently, classes were being held at the ashram and the boys would bus over to the ashram where Aunty and the girls were. The… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

psychologists, especially Freudians, considered experiences undergone at the tender, early childhood age to be crucial to social, psychological and mental growth. Newer studies reveal that even late-childhood experiences are influential, capable of altering a child's developmental course. A majority of contemporary psychologists discuss sensitive, rather than critical, phases, which are phases when an individual is found to be particularly reactive towards or equipped to handle particular experiences. Hence, while childhood is deemed to be the ideal age to independently learn any second language (i.e., without direct teaching on others' part), adults also can and have effectively learnt second languages (Woolfolk… Continue Reading...

Hobby Lobby and First Amendment

pay for contraceptives in insurances covers would violate the right of speech and religion of the people in the American society. One of the cases that have been decided by The Supreme Court of the USA is Virginia vs. Black (2003). This was a case related to hate speech in the USA. The issue before the court was related to cross burning that had led to the three defendants in the case guilty of causing harm to others using the cross burning act. The court found that the Virginia Statute that that was against cross burning to be unconstitutional… Continue Reading...

English Protestant Clergy in Literature

Adams, Primrose and Yorick: A Comparison of 18th Century Church of England Clergymen One of the clearest features shared by Fielding's Adams in Joseph Andrews, Goldsmith's Primrose in The Vicar of Wakefield, and Sterne's Yorick in A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy is relentlessness that the characters demonstrate, as though by sheer force of will they may manage affairs to a happy conclusion. In spite of their sometimes obtuse qualities, their evident pride in themselves, their naivete, their innocence, their ability to bungle their way into all manner of episodic conundrums, their resolute good humor through it all ensures… Continue Reading...

Personal Versus Professional Values

religious while her parents are both devoid of a religion when it comes to their beliefs. Perhaps the lack of a religious bias helps predict that both Eboni's mother wants the pregnancy terminated. Incidentally, her boyfriend wants the pregnancy terminated as well. There are also the concerns about the roommates at the house. The social worker should only include religion and spirituality to the extent that it is present and a factor in the life of Eboni. Meaning, Eboni needs to make up her own mind based on the circumstances and details in play. To avoid any manifestation of… Continue Reading...

Role Of Faith in Healthcare

Religious Sensitivity Everyone on the planet Earth has their own concept of religion, spirituality and what they believe when it comes to both. Of course, those mindsets and perceptions evolve and change over time. They are influenced by life events, exposure to religion exposure to others when it comes to religion and so forth. However, most situations and applications do not call for religion to even be brought up or discussed. Even so, healthcare is absolutely an exception to the norm given that many people rely and lean on their faith, whatever it may be,… Continue Reading...

Self Identity

a relatively difficult identity because individuals from this ethnic background do not have a common language, material attributes, religion and culture. While most of the existing assessments of this ethnic identity have been carried out in Thailand, it is largely influenced by historical and social conditions in the Union of Myanmar. Based on a review of contemporary Myanmar, people of Karen identity are seemingly virtuous, illiterate (uneducated), and oppressed. Many aspects relating to this identity appear to emphasize inferiority and subordination mostly because of mythology and modifications by the elite. Similar to the Union of Myanmar, Karen identity was… Continue Reading...

Chesapeake Middle Colonies Georgia and the Carolinas

ability of colonial governments to work peacefully using Quaker principles and at demonstrating that religion is capable of thriving with total liberty of conscience, even in the absence of governmental support. However, with time, they began struggling with maintaining harmony and at one point, Pennsylvania saw 6 Governors (Tindall and Emory Shi 92). Till end-1500s, Delaware belonged to the Pennsylvania colony. Even during the former half of the eighteenth century, when the formation of a new state occurred, the same individual governed over both. The practice of slavery was rife in Maryland and Virginia (Chesapeake colonies). For instance, by… Continue Reading...

College Student Development

(Patton et al., 2016). These identities manifest along the lines of race, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, political inclination, personality, and so forth. Understanding these identities is particularly crucial as colleges increasingly enrol students from diverse backgrounds. In college, it is not uncommon to notice social identities. Students will often group themselves in categories of shared background and characteristics. For instance, an apparent illustration is the inclination of African-American students to socialise more with their African-American peers than other social groupings. A community counsellor must understand these identities if they are to effectively execute their roles and responsibilities… Continue Reading...

How Democracy Leads to Tyranny

not welcome open discussion on ideas or the nature of truth, religion, sexuality, war, nature, etc. They dictated terms and expected them to be observed -- or else the individual who failed to do so would be cast out. Hawthorne's Scarlett Letter depicts just such a scenario -- and it is representative of the American ethos, the Puritanism that shaped its character, and the reason why democracy in general was doomed to fail in the U.S. It was not based on the truth sought by Plato's philosopher-king but rather on control and the desire to subjugate others. Both Mill… Continue Reading...

Comparing Different Cultural Views on Aging

important to respect and venerate one's elders and ancestors. Confucianism is not so much a religion as a philosophy or way of life, and while there is a spiritual aspect to its underpinnings, one of the main tenets of the belief system is that younger persons should respect older persons (Parker, 2001). For this reason, as people age in Chinese culture, it is expected and understood that the younger family members will look after the older. In modern times, this belief and practice may not be as popular -- but the basic ideas are still there in Chinese culture… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

is, in the first place, an offence against their religion . . . that peculiar character, resembling an instinctive antipathy, which [is] the idea of uncleanness . . . "[footnoteRef:8] For Mill, the prohibition of pork is solely rooted in religious prejudice and thus cannot be defensible. The result is merely the restriction of liberty and harm is done to others and there is no rational benefit accrued to the majority. It is analogous to the Puritans banning the practice of the theater. "Wherever the Puritans have been sufficiently powerful . . . they have endeavored, with considerable success,… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

one's values, whereas in the East, one's values are expressed through one's adherence to social norms, duties, religion, work, industry, and obedience (Kirkland, 2003; Parker, 2001). As Stearns (2002) shows, the fitness industry in America was supported and cultivated on several fronts: the advertising agencies played a fundamental role in establishing, nurturing and developing a cultural desire for the so-called health craze; the business sectors were instrumental in manufacturing and/or providing products and services for consumers related to the cultural aims suggested in the advertising realm. Celebrities played a large role in depicting the kind of health/fitness projection that… Continue Reading...

Global Comparisons in Workplace Discrimination

discriminate in terms of conditions of employment based on color, sex, race, national origin, religion and age. Discrimination is also prohibited against individuals with disabilities world. For instance, based on the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), employers are obligated to make practical and evenhanded accommodations to facilitate disabled persons to attain accessibility to buildings and workplace functionality. Moreover, based on the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), employers are not allowed to discriminate against personnel taking care of personal or family medical necessities. Globally, there are numerous other federal and state laws that challenge workplace discrimination. It is through… Continue Reading...

Constructivism Theory in International Politics

Moreover, the theory offers an effective way of understanding how ethnicity, religion, race, and sexuality account of the understanding of global politics. The constructivism provides a new dimension in understanding how ideas and social norms affect the international politics while rejecting power politics and materialistic approach to understanding global politics and security. Conclusion The collapse of former Soviet Union and fall of Berlin Wall leads to a development constructivism as a new theory in the international relations. By challenging the realists and liberalists theories, constructivism provides a new approach to international politics by pointing out that the security, conflict… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

UDHR is Article 18 that provides the freedom of religion, conscience and thought. The Article 2 also states that everyone is entitled to freedoms and rights to language, political and religion. Despite the stated principles of the UDHR, Islam does not recognize the absolute equality between men and women. After the ratification of UDHR in 1948, Saudi Arabia abstained themselves from ratifying the Declaration claiming that it violated the Sharia law. Entails, (1996) argues that Muslim countries have voiced their objections by pointing out that the international community cannot hold them responsible for the human right principles. A fundamental… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Immigration on Religious Beliefs

the United States than in other highly developed nations. The likelihood of an American professing a religion and regularly attending services is high. Religious participation was a critical component of the process of people becoming Americans as churches were an important pillar in the social structure. Churches support and sustain communities while also facilitating inter-ethnic marriage within the three most significant religious groups: Jews, Catholics and Protestants (Massey and Higgins). Not many immigrants arrive in America expecting to alter the religion they are affiliated to. Their focus is often achieving a respectable financial standing in the society and building… Continue Reading...

Religion Of Ancient Rome

deity who they depended on to guarantee success in the war ( religion in ancient Rome) (Roman mythology). How Ancient Rome Practiced religion Ancient Romans recognized and offered prayer too many gods and goddesses. Some of the gods were of Roman origin but many more were imported. Worship was conducted in both public occasions and in the privacy of their homes (Carlos). Sacrifice and prayer was the main form of worship. They made sacrifices to both personal gods and those dedicated to public wellness by offering sacrifices at altars or in hearth. The sacrifices mainly constituted drink and food. They… Continue Reading...

Main Themes in the Film Yentl

the Yeshiva Boy, Yentl's shocking double betrayal, both of religion and of nature, leads to her downfall. She ends up living the life of an alienated person, full of suffering, isolation, and reprehensible dishonesty. Following the failure of her marriage to Hadass, Yentl gets permanently trapped in the false image she devised for herself. She cannot find deliverance from her callous denunciation of the perfect life she once lived -- akin to the Wandering Jew (Fernley &Maloof, 1985; Whitefield, 1999). However, in the movie by Streisand, Yentl's rebelliousness and rejection of definition and expectation, also a dismissal of male… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

'The Religious Character of the Confucian Traditions' • Confucianism calls into question the definition of religion. • Confucianism is commonly treated differently from other religious traditions, because it is more about social harmony, ethics, and comportment than about theology. • All religions address ethics, morality, and social codes, and so does Confucianism. Then why is Confucianism not called a religion? • The main reason is that Confucianism "lacks a concept of the transcendent," (p. 80) • Is a concept of the transcendent a necessary part of the definition of a religion? No. • It is a "western" assumption that a… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

itself from universalism, especially given that justice is presented as an ethical goal. religion and other sources of rigid moral codes have been common bases for law and order in non-democratic, non-secular societies. In constitutional democracies, individual differences are acknowledged and avowed but those differences do not preclude universal consideration based on humanitarian aims. Identity is connected more with personhood than with ethnicity, religion, or personal beliefs. To further clarify the essential nature and identity of people, Rawls distinguishes between private and public selves. The public self, the individual in the eye of the society, has access to and is… Continue Reading...

The Human Condition and Its Diversity

that have dominated evaluation of the human condition include religion, history, literature, philosophy, art, psychology, anthropology, and biology.  The use of these different perspectives to examine and help understand the human condition is attributable to the fact that human beings are diverse.  In essence, a suitable understanding of the human condition requires an exploration of the diversity of a human being. The human condition is basically defined as the major attributes, events, and circumstances that generate the essentials of human existence.  Some of these essentials include birth, growth and development, mortality, and emotionality.  However, there have been numerous difficulties… Continue Reading...

Communicating Qualitative Research Analysis

research methods are considered suitable in identifying intangible factors through a scientific inquiry such as socioeconomic status, religion, social norms, and ethnicity (College of Computer and Information Science, n.d.). In this regard, there are several aspects that distinguish qualitative research writing, which are brought by specific designs, steps of analysis, and data collection procedures. An understanding of these aspects of qualitative research writing helps in enhancing the effectiveness of the research process and research findings. Salient Aspects of Qualitative Research Writing In his discussion on qualitative research procedures, Creswell (2014) proposes ten aspects that differentiate qualitative research writing from… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

points out that many blacks place a high value on religion, culture and race. Identity Development in Karen Ethnic Community The Karen are highly persecuted in Burma. Approximately 2000 villages have been destroyed since 1990. The Karen people have been subjected to a myriad of oppressive treatment and discrimination. They have been victims of forced labor and other forms of oppression. Some of the treatment is sheer brutality, an extremely inhuman act. There are reports that in 2006, about 26 000 people had been displaced because of violence in the eastern part of Burma. There are senseless state organized… Continue Reading...

Exclusivity and Inclusivity in the Church

Jews apart: the alone have received revelation directly from God -- thus the religion they practice is exclusive by definition. However, it is not exclusive in terms of persons but just in terms of faith. Only those who have faith can partake in the exclusivity, as the Passover itself signifies (their faith is what saves them). When it comes to persons, on the other, the religion is inclusive because it bars no one based on personal background; the only condition for admittance is faith. Thus, Isaiah focuses on inclusivity to stress this other fundamental part of the religion of… Continue Reading...

Religion in Ancient Greece

With roots in Minoan culture, West Asian beliefs, and Central Asian gods, religion permeated virtually every aspect of Greeks' life -- from politics and culture to family, morals, agriculture, festivals, games, as well as beliefs about nature and the origin of life (Carr). The Greeks strongly believed that there were invisible, all-powerful gods and goddesses that controlled every occurrence. As a society, therefore, it was important to maintain a good relationship with the gods through prayer, sacrifice, and leading a good (morally upright) life. The prayers and sacrifices were made in sacred sites and temples where the gods were… Continue Reading...

Democracy and Pluralism

of community, self-growth, citizenship, and other ideals aren't considered. Persecution, whether based on nationality, sex, race, social status, religion or any other grounds traditionally segregating societies, remains obscured. Emerging opposing parties are now enjoying a stronger political presence, which is a clear shift from prior deviancy or dependency on their part, with rationales varying in accordance. Useful policy typically develops directly from court rulings which force statutory action. Justifications for policy are founded upon statements regarding rights, due legal process, access to equal opportunities, etc. For instance, the Clinton government's decisions to allow homosexual individuals entry into the FBI… Continue Reading...

The Book Of Daniel and Apocalyptic Literature

experiences that lay the groundwork for Christianity, but Daniel incorporates politics and religion in ways that create a "completely different genre" of scripture, according to Brueggeman (2003, p. 353). With visions and a sense of persecution, as well as the romanticizing of martyrdom, Daniel shows exactly how and why Christianity came to be. Daniel's visions "gather together historical memories and present awareness into a massive act of theological imagination whereby present time, present circumstance, and present generation are identified as a break point in human history," (Brueggeman, 2003, p. 353). Ultimately, the authors of Daniel offer far more hope… Continue Reading...

Athenian Women, Politics, and Plays

society away from nomos towards physis and nomos became something antiquated: economics, politics, society and religion were all impacted. The West became secular (as it was once Christian for many centuries); the politics went from monarchic to democratic to somewhat kleptocratic; society became fractured to a large extent, which fragmentation illustrated by poets like T. S. Eliot. Ancient Athenian trial differed from the modern jury equivalent in the sense that women were not allowed on juries (it was a civic duty reserved for men). The jury courts were also much larger, with hundreds of jurors, and that is how… Continue Reading...

Confucian Virtues and Gender

for the followers of Confucianism and its status as a state religion, it would be a stretch to say that it spelled the end of this religion, or ideology, and that it was completely eradicated. Although the followers of Confucianism today represent only a small fraction of the world's total religious community, there are millions of individuals who still follow and practice the teachings of Confucius today. However, with that being said, an argument could be made that before sometime before this period marked the peak of the Confucianism influence in China and its influence plateaued before falling out… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

Values are also imperative as they are the basic beliefs that are prevalent within a society. Other elements include religion, attitude, education, manners and customs. Hofstede and Tropenaars propose different cultural dimensions. Hofstede proposes dimensions such as individualism vs. collectivism, time orientation, power distance and masculine vs. feminine. On the other hand, Trompenaars proposes universalism vs. particularism, specific vs. diffuse, neutral vs. emotional and achievement vs. ascription. There are various cultural dimensions of doing business in different regions of the world. For instance, in Japan, a slight bow and hand shake are fitting. It is imperative not to look… Continue Reading...

Comparative Analysis Of Egoism or Altruism

Fiction?: An Exploration of Altruism and Egoism in the Context of religion and Service Learning. Parkland College. Salter, F. (2008). Westermarck's Altruism: Charity Releasers, Moral Emotions, and the Welfare Ethic. Politics and the Life Sciences, 27(2): 28-46. Williams, L. R., & Russell, S. T. (2013). Shared Social and Emotional Activities Within Adolescent Romantic and Non-Romantic Sexual Relationships. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(4), 649-658. Continue Reading...

Restorative Justice

may moderate the relationship between restorative justice and recidivism include gender, racial background, religion, nature of crime committed, as well as public attitudes towards crime (Dzur, 2003; Elis, 2005; Stamatakis & Vandeviver, 2013). These factors may affect the offender's or victim's willingness to participate in restorative dialogue and the extent to which the victim views the wrongful act as one in which justice can be served through dialogue. Overall, while restorative justice has increasingly become prominent in the criminal justice field, there is still scarcity of research focusing on the impact of restorative on recidivism, warranting further inquiry in… Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

workplace discrimination on the basis of characteristics such as gender, racial background, religion, and sexual orientation. Nonetheless, workplace diversity remains largely a strange or an unpopular concept in conservative countries like Saudi Arabia. What this means for a British MNC such as GSK is that the pressure to implement HRM strategies that promote workplace diversity would be greater in the U.S. than in Saudi Arabia. In other words, GSK would be less concerned about workplace diversity when operating in Saudi Arabia. Though it is common for MNCs to localise their HRM strategy, not all HRM practices may be replicated… Continue Reading...

Book Strangers in Their Own Land

choices are fully conscious, but their ideas are overtly irrational. religion is more important than education, and each person she speaks with remains proud of the cognitive schemas. Bubbling to the surface like the well-disguised guilt they carry around, the knowledge that they are shooting themselves in the foot is being suppressed and numbed by familiarity: the church, guns, and a commitment to a constructed social identity that has become more oppositional than constructive. Although Hochschild bases the ethnographic research in Lake Charles, which is half black, race does not feature prominently enough in Strangers in Their Own Land.… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

wrong with that. However, there are certain moral and values-based question that transcend religion and all other commonly spat-worthy subjects but people nowadays are too busy playing ideological and similar games. Nozick seem to keep with the spirit, more or less, of what Socrates was saying. However, he seems to have veered a little too far away from the most important part of meaning and value. This is because too many people's concept of the same is less than moral or right. Works Cited Kemerling, Garth. "Socrates: Philosophical Life." Philosophypages.com. N.p., 2017. Web. 27 Apr. 2017. Lander. "The Ethics… Continue Reading...

New Testament and Christianity

the Edict of Thessalonica. During this time, Emperor Theodosius I made the religion as the sole authorized religion in the empire. Q10 Augustine was a Christian and an early theologian besides a philosopher. He made many theological and philosophical writings that influenced many Christians in the early development of the western Christianity. Augustine viewed the church and the state as two different entities that would never be the same as they had different givers of powers and pursued different issues. Q11 Monasticism is a religious way of life where a person renounces the pursuit of the world things in… Continue Reading...

Camden New Jersey and Corruption Exploitation

solidarity through either Christianity or Islam, either way using religion as a means of generating collective resources to rally against corruption and also as a means of remaining as psychologically and socially healthy as humanly possible within their devastating surrounds. One of the key elements related to wanton destruction, alienation, and exploitation is how the urban landscape of Camden has changed over the years. What was once a fairly wealthy town due to the presence of Campbell's soup and thriving shipyards now runs on two of shadiest businesses imaginable: illicit drugs (controlled by gangs) and the scrap metal industry.… Continue Reading...

Fundamentalism and Evolution at the Scopes Trial

Old World ideology and the New -- or, in other words, the extent to which the Christian religion had a place in modern America. As Thomas Dixon points out, "Bryan was a defender of the newly formed movement for Christian 'fundamentalism'" (86). Bryan set himself up as the spokesman for the Old World ideology -- the fundamental tenets of Christian culture and beliefs, based on the teachings of the Bible. The Scopes Trial was of interest to Bryan because, being a famous public speaker (mostly remembered today for his "Cross of Gold" speech in the 1896 presidential race), he… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

of a stronger Muslim versus American identity was strong religiosity, which is understandable given the role of religion in shaping identity in general (Sirin, Bikmen, Mir, et al., 2008). Similarly, given the tendency for many American communities to promote secular values, a strong religious identity within a secular community might lead to the individual forming a stronger connection with their religion than with a secular American culture. In another survey of Muslim-Americans aged 18 to 25 years old, Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) found that "although some integrate their Muslim and American identities, about 40% of Muslim-Americans aged 18… Continue Reading...

Byzantium and the Roman Empire

was similar as well. Yet, as Constantine made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, the architecture began to reflect this new religious direction. The churches were based on the needs of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass and the Byzantine architects brought in their own flavor of art and architectural technique that lasted for many centuries. The aqueducts were also important to Rome's society as they brought water great distances and were an emblem of Roman efficiency and architectural cunning. The Empire's use of concrete continued in its many orchestrations and the overall character of Roman society… Continue Reading...

Temporary Reassignment, Scope Of Practice, and Patients Rights in Nursing

right access to care without discrimination based on sex, race or religion. Moreover, the nurse is supposed to ensure that he or she gets an informed consent from the patients during care. This prevents doing a procedure that the patient does not want. One may be sued in a court of law when such as case occurs. Besides, many patients value the confidentiality of information regarding their health. Patient rights are protected by law and it is the mandate of the nurse to ensure that they are upheld at all times. Observing these rights ensures that the nurses feel… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

population and noted the cultural differences that influence healthcare attitudes and decisions regarding healthcare. For example, they noted religion's part in African-American interaction with health care. Some in the population use home remedies because they distrust the government and remain health illiterate. "The authors identify key influences, including the legacy of slavery, Jim Crow discrimination, the Tuskegee syphilis study, religion's interaction with health care, the use of home remedies, distrust, racial concordance and discordance, and health literacy" (Eiser & Ellis, 2007, p. 176). This article shows the need to enhance understanding of African-American culture to deliver better and higher… Continue Reading...

Film Culture and Its Impact on Civil and Social Rights

people from discrimination on the ground of gender, race, color, age, religion, and political affiliation. Moreover, civil right movement fights for the fundamental human rights that include freedom of speech, religion, and movement. However, many people do not know their rights especially the minorities. Films and social media have become the powerful vehicles that propel people to demand their rights. [1: The Role of Film in Society.] Throughout the 20th century, African-Americans were treated as second-class citizens because of their historical antecedents with the general beliefs that they were forcibly brought from Africa and Caribbean as slaves. Thus, they… Continue Reading...

Impact Of the Rise and Spread Of Christianity

Rise and Spread of Christianity on the Classical World It's often assumed that the religion of Christianity perhaps greatly and generously impacted the classical age; after all, it was in this period that its foundations were established and it ultimately became the formal religion of the classical age. But corroborating this understandable supposition isn't easy. One might realize the fact that Jesus's religion was a considerable progress from the paganism followed since ancient times. The eventual success of Christianity proved to be a blessing for humanity. Nevertheless, revealing the precise level and nature of its benefit to humanity… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

in the phenomenon itself rather than in the objective truths and realities proposed by the old world philosophy and religion. He himself states in the Preface: "The beautiful, the holy, the eternal, religion, love -- these are the bait required to awaken the desire to bite: not the notion, but ecstasy, not the march of cold necessity in the subject-matter, but ferment and enthusiasm -- these are to be the ways by which the wealth of the concrete substance is to be stored and increasingly extended."[footnoteRef:2] The ideals of Western philosophy articulated by Socrates and affirmed by the Christian… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Church and State

towards entrenching Christianity as the official empire or state religion. This was done in systematic and systemic manner, not an instant overhaul to the new system. It was incremental. First it was made clear that it was Christianity that had prevailed in the battle and not any other religion or superstitious beliefs. By the end of the 4th Century, Christianity had been made the authorized faith of the Roman Empire. It was at this time and with such a drastic change that the political centers and powers that existed became significantly weakened. This gave room for the church to… Continue Reading...

Filipinos and the Catholic Church

of the Spanish 500 years ago. They are the ones who brought the religion of the West to the Philippines. The Spanish ruled the region for nearly 3 centuries, introducing European art and architecture, churches, schools, and ways of life to the islands. A predominant Spanish style is still very much evident in the daily life and structures of the Philippines. The Spanish-Catholic culture in the Philippines started with the arrival Magellan, the famous explorer who sailed East for the Spanish crown. The ruler of Cebu converted to the religion of Magellan, prompting wars among the natives. More settlers… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

weaknesses, and vocational direction. The contextual factors that can promote a teenager's identity development include ethnicity, race, religion, social interactions and relations, and relationship with parents. Unit 9 -- Culture and Childhood and Adolescent Disorders Culture is a term that refers to the sets of values, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that are shared between a group of individuals and are transferred from one generation to another. Culture influences a child's development through influencing/affecting some major domains or aspects of a person's growth and development. One of the aspects of child or adolescent development that is affected by culture is… Continue Reading...

Social Control As Displayed in the Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood

by men dominated society and the main tool used is the newly introduced Christian religion. The novel is centered on the freedoms of women, the women lives, procreation and the rights over their own bodies (Wisker G.). In the novel, the Gilead society, a new republic, is described herein in the perspective and narration of a woman called Offred, one of the so referred to as Handmaids who are seen as breeding tools for the Republic. The tenets of the Christian republic are expressed through the first person narrative of Offred with a few flashbacks of the society before… Continue Reading...

Judaism Religion Teachings and Festivals

Judaism religion Rabbinic Judaism is the main form of Judaism that has existed from the 6th Century to date. From this form of Judaism, three different forms of Judaism have been established which are conservative, Orthodox and reform. Covenant -- Torahic teachings defines it as an agreement that the people had with God. An Arch of Covenant as highlighted in the books of Samuel and Kings symbolized the agreement between God and the people before heading to Canaan. Halakhah defines the entire structure of the Jewish Laws as they… Continue Reading...

China and Confucianism Society

the "bonus chapter" talks about the three main elements of Confucianism, which are Confucianism as a religion, Confucianism as a philosophy, and Confucianism as legalism. The first chapter of the book focuses on the philosophy of Confucianism and how it might be applied outside of Asia to the Western world and especially to the United States. For example, the authors talk about President Johnson's concept of a "Great Society," as well as the Civil Rights Act to show that these are essentially based on Confucian ideals. The authors even point out the connections between Johnson's "Great Society" and the… Continue Reading...

Slp Module 3

home, you should remove your shoes upon entering. A. true B. false Answer: B 2. [1/1] What is the official religion in Pakistan? A. Sikhism B. Hinduism C. Buddhism D. Islam Answer: D 3. [1/1] The capital city of Pakistan is: A. Islamabad B. Lahore C. Delhi D. Karachi Answer: A 4. [0/0] In which year did Pakistan gain independence? A. 1945 B. 1947 C. 1953 D. 1938 Answer: B 5. [1/1] The official language of Pakistan is: A. Urdu B. English C. Arabic D. Hindi Answer: A 6. [0/0] Pakistan is a very hierarchical society. A. true B. false Answer: A 7.… Continue Reading...

The American Prohibition Era

stance against alcohol consumption. The movement behind national Prohibition demonstrated the power of religion and organizations in the United States and how these organizations could fuel drastic change within a few, short decades. The consequences of Prohibition are a remind that American citizens can have the power to promote change in the government if certain conditions are met. Conclusion In conclusion, what set off a national banning of alcohol sales and consumption was a call to morality. Social Progressives of the times sought to make alcohol illegal because they felt it was a reason for moral decay in their… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

northwest of that. The public school is a few blocks southwest of the library. • Religions What signs of religion do you see? Discuss the types of churches, mosques, temples? What services are offered by these churches, for example, Day Care, Mother's Day Out, Summer Camps, Languages Classes, Citizenship Classes, Food Banks, Clothing, other. There are numerous Protestant and non-denominational churches. There are a few Catholic churches, too. There are a couple day cares. The churches offer some counseling for mental health. Business & Industry Describe stores and shops available in the community, e.g., grocery stores, gas stations, department stores. What… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

could not understand the importance of such religious values as part of our culture. The Christian religion was an important part of our culture, and every child had to be initiated into the religion (Best, 2001). I always tried to avoid going to church every Sunday. I found several excuses not to attend the church every Sunday. However, the persistence of my parents forced is to adapt to this cultural practices and values. Over time, this practice has become part of my life. I now attend church and do other Christian practices voluntarily and without compulsion. UNIT 7 DISCUSSION… Continue Reading...

Morality then and Now

there is really no moral or cultural explanation about the practice that could be deemed acceptable. Even if religion and the subjugation of women has a firm nexus and intersection within religions of all stripes over the last several millennia, that does not mean it is or was morally acceptable to have that in place. One could make similar arguments about the verses and beliefs about LGBT people. Even if one believes that those scriptures were inspired by God, they were still written by people with sometimes flawed moral compasses (Phillips). Another clear example of how moral decay or… Continue Reading...

History and Context Of the Tao De Ching Lao Tzu

all claims to absolute knowledge. The Tao de Ching is not a religious text, although religion has sprouted up around Taoism over the two millennia since the text was first written. One of the reasons why Taoism may be mistakenly perceived of as a religious tradition is the legends surrounding its author and origin, as Lao Tzu has been endowed with mystical and even supernatural powers as a sage born old and wise. However, Taoism is not about God or even about cosmology. Rather, the Taoist philosophy is about the benefits of self-mastery, of becoming more aware of and responsible… Continue Reading...

World and Native Music

human culture and even religious activity and not viewed as being something that is distinct from religion and society. Even when musical traditions are deep, historical, and sophisticated, the methods used to analyze music do have Western components. Therefore, it may be important to consider different ways of analyzing musical features, concepts, and structures. In this article, the author presents a definition of music divided into five parts. The first is that "all music is sound," and yet ironically, music also has elements of no-sound or silence as with the John Cage example. The periods of no-sound or silence… Continue Reading...

Labor Laws and Employment Contracts

contracts. There are several categories of protections under both state and federal laws. These include race, gender, religion, the status of the family, disability, sexual orientation, nationality and age among other factors (Butsch & Kleiner, 2011). These statutory exemptions limit the ability of an employer to fire an employee unless such an employer can demonstrate that such firing in no way related to any form of discrimination. Therefore, this protection limits the employer's ability to fire an employee that the doctrine of employment at will gives such an employer. Implied contracts also form a basis for exemptions for the… Continue Reading...

Police Community Relations

Rights. WHY? Amendment I safeguards the five most fundamental freedoms: speech, religion, assembly, press and the right of petitioning governmental bodies for righting any wrongs. The above safeguards were missed most by Antifederalists within the novel Constitution (Feinberg, 1987). Is our justice system better or worse than other systems around the world today? Accessible reports and scholarly works reveal that the American justice system is neither the most effective nor the most unsuccessful justice system of all. Some nations (e.g., Scandinavian nations) enjoy a more superior system while others (e.g., Middle Eastern countries) enjoy swift justice delivery. Nevertheless, the basis of… Continue Reading...

Ip Man the Grandmaster and Women in Kung Fu

the study of martial arts in the East was like the study of religion in the West during the Middle Ages -- it would have been something that both men and women took part in. While the martial arts would have been primarily used in the beginning as a defense against intruders or enemies, by the 19th century, the arts had taken on a different aspect, as society became less unstable. Women were educated in the martial arts just as women in the East might be sent to finishing school. It was a cultural value to be trained in… Continue Reading...

Two Greatest and Two Worst Presidents in Us History

House of Representatives passed Health Care reform. What is the next step in the legislative process before it goes to the President to be signed? Do you think it will be signed by the President in its present form or will it die before it gets to him, and why? A bill is first introduced into the House by one of its members, who becomes the bill's sponsor. Fellow house members may join him/her as bill advocates or cosponsors. The presence of several cosponsors or congressional heads signing onto the bill may elevate prospects of the bill successfully being passed… Continue Reading...

Gun Fu and Hong Kong Cinema

between beauty and violence, between the vagaries of life and the higher, loftier perches gotten to by way of religion and philosophy. If swordplay was an ancient art that required discipline to master, gun fu was a new art for a modern warrior. It was a way to achieve resolution when resolution seemed least possible. Better Tomorrow's ending may be sloppy and contrived, but gun fu enables brothers and friends to prove themselves and bad guys to pay a price. Gun fu, for both Eastern and Western audiences, was exactly what audiences at the end of the 20th century… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

several other social and economic factors which could increase one's criminal tendencies like religion or cultural beliefs, sex (young men have quite higher criminal tendencies than others), age, ease of acquiring fire arms and the societal problem of drug-related events. In conclusion on this, the complexity of criminality is such that it is has strong links and it is much influenced by a large number of socioeconomic factors which have to be studied to determine their link with crime so as to conceptualize and establish effectual and sufficient laws towards reducing criminal acts (Buonanmo, 2003). Records of the networks… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

circumstances be treated humanely, without any adverse distinction founded on race, colour, religion or faith, sex, birth or wealth, or any other similar criteria. To this end, the following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever with respect to the above-mentioned persons:     (a) violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture;     (b) taking of hostages;     *c) outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment; and,     (d) the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous… Continue Reading...

Religious Revolution

helpful in connecting the religious revolution to other revolutions in history and showing that they are all related because religion is such an important factor in society at its most basic level. Continue Reading...

A Good Man Is Hard to Find Flannery O'connor

corollary of the main them of pessimism is related to the uselessness of religion for inspiring human beings to rise above their base instincts. religion has never ensured human beings will be good. Furthermore, people like the grandmother use religion as a shield instead of genuinely working on their own behaviors to become better people. religion symbolizes human ignorance and hypocrisy in “A Good Man is Hard to Find.” For example, the grandmother never once mentions God, religion, or her faith until she meets The Misfit, suggesting that the old woman is hypocritical in nature. When the grandmother meets… Continue Reading...

Conflict in the Story Soldier’s Home

with societal values). Ultimately, Krebs resorts to a life of seclusion, alienating himself from love, ambition, societal relationships, and religion (LAGGC). Several circumstances combine and give rise to the conflicts outlined in the story. But three elements, in particular, contribute significantly to Krebs’ conflict: the failure of Krebs’ hometown inhabitants to welcome him back like a hero; Krebs’ family’s failure to comprehend his woes and struggles; and Krebs’ very own nature and values which pose a challenge to his adapting to society (Temper). Society contributes greatly to the conflict witnessed in the tale. The townsfolk regard Krebs’ exceedingly late… Continue Reading...

The Right to Privacy

implicit in this part of the constitution. For instance, the first amendment enables the free exercise of religion and freedom of speech. Without privacy, these rights are meaningless. If everyone were privy to everything one said, people would have to considerably limit their speech to keep from offending others or incurring their disfavor. Thus, there is an element of privacy involved in the freedom of speech, as well as in the freedom to practice religion. The fact that the constitution specifically outlines these civil rights roots means that the right to privacy is foundational to the constitution itself. 2.… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

behavior, and understanding of right and wrong (“Kant’s Philosophy of religion”). Indeed, Kant “sought to locate the concept of God within a systematically ordered set of basic philosophical principles that account for the order and structure of world” (“Kant’s Philosophy of religion”). Into this order and structure would fall questions such as, “Is murder immoral?” Kant’s system was not stagnant, however; it developed over time and evolved into something where subtle distinctions emerged to raise new questions about how right and wrong could ultimately be determined. To what extent did moral judgments depend on the existence of God? Or,… Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Leadership and Teams

would be willing to allow telecommuting temporarily. Preferred Solutions Although the conflict between Darius and Harpreet has overtones of culture, religion, and gender, it is also important to view the situation from the perspective of interpersonal conflict. It is important to recognize that Darius and Harpreet might simply not like each other, their animosity less motivated by the superficial dimensions of cultural conflict and more with simple personality clashes. Even if cultural conflict is the underlying cause for the disruption, it is possible to apply interpersonal conflict resolution strategies within a collaborative leadership framework. A collaborative strategy fosters team harmony by… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

as migrants give rise to identity challenges within the destination nation on account of their different religion, language, or culture. Migration’s perceived threat to a society’s security is subjective, and not objective or ubiquitous, in nature; it is contingent on how destination countries define themselves.5 A few nations, for example, do not welcome the idea of multiculturalism whereas others might consider cultural diversity a great asset for the nation. Layton-Henry and Heisler (1993) explain that post- WWII, a majority of European countries underwent shifts from their original, relatively homogeneous nature (when the population was largely united under a collective… Continue Reading...

Confidentiality Breaches & Informed Consent when Testing New Drugs

disparities are systematic, avoidable health differences according to socioeconomic status, religion, skin color, race/ethnicity, political affiliation etcetera. Disparities in health and its determinants present the metrics for evaluating health equity, which is social justice in health. Healthcare providers are always faced with legal and ethical dilemmas whenever faced with scarce medical resources. The overall rule regarding the provision of healthcare services in an environment of reduced medical resources remains that the ethical guidelines of the healthcare professions cannot be compromised. It the responsibility of healthcare providers to uphold their ethical standards even when in a setting that has reduced… Continue Reading...

The Influence Of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns

classical literature, Burns dwelled on themes such as patriotism, gender roles, sexuality, romance, class inequality, cultural identity, hardship, religion, and nature. Essentially, Burns’ writings focused on the everyday struggles of ordinary people. Romance was especially one of his favourite themes. Indeed, Burns’ legacy of romance-themed poetry is unparalleled (Hogg, 2008). His preference for romantic poetry has been attributed to his love for women. Though he died at a relatively young age, he was father to 12 children – eight with his wife and four with other women. Burns’ love for women was simply extraordinary. Nonetheless, Burns was not always… Continue Reading...

Death Anxiety and Fear

many and will only lead to a more complete spirit. Reincarnation is something people of the Hindu religion believe in and they also believe in karma. So for those that are afraid of death and believe in reincarnation, I would advise them that this is a never-ending journey and that the next life will bring new experiences and adventures. This may ease how they feel about death. If however, the person believes death is the end of existence, I would say, at least now it can bring peace. Life itself is a very painful process. From learning to growing, to… Continue Reading...

Political Systems in Ireland and Britain

institutions and procedures are wholly unique and reflect the fusion of Irish religion, language, culture, and values with the need to participate in the global market economy. The procedural politics are totally different in Ireland versus the United Kingdom, especially with regards to the methods of voting and Ireland’s PR-STV method. Irish political institutions have emulated those in England, especially with regards to a fused legislative and executive branch and a higher but weaker house comprised of non-democratically elected officials. Yet Britain’s model is majoritarian, and Ireland’s is not, reflecting the vastly different political cultures in the two neighboring… Continue Reading...

The Gospel Of Matthew and Anti Semitism

custom, and tradition as irrelevant and even sacrilegious. Christ’s Church superseded the Jewish religion. Therefore, denying Christ is effectively denying God, from Matthew’s point of view. In this sense, Matthew is more evangelical and radical than he is specifically anti-Semitic. Yet Matthew does direct his wrath towards the Jewish religion and the social and political structures that defined it in his time. Matthew’s audience would have responded in different ways, depending on their backgrounds. For those who followed Christ, they would have found political solace in the anti-establishment views. The parable of the vineyard is clearly political, even more… Continue Reading...

Gospel Of Matthew 23 and Hypocrisy

negative campaign ads to lure disciples away from the established Jewish religion towards his own redefinition of faith. As Harrington (1991) puts it, “Matthew uses the scribes and Pharisees as negative examples to define true Christian leadership,” (p. 323). From the opening of Matthew 23, readers learn that the Pharisees, who can symbolize all people in positions of authority or power, often fail to practice what they preach. The core theme of Matthew 23 is hypocrisy. Interestingly, Harrington (1991) also notes that Jesus exhibits a “resistance to hierarchically structured roles,” and an “emphasis on equality,” issues that could easily… Continue Reading...

An Explanation Of the Definition Of Science

Science is a way of knowing that is inherently shared. Unlike religion or philosophy, science can actually be used to generate shared knowledge about the world. Any time a phenomenon seems anomalous, a scientist can perform tests and observations that can help lead to deeper understandings. Other ways of knowing can be valid for entertainment or personal belief systems, but lack the credibility and verifiability of science. References Union of Concerned Scientists (2017). Science, evolution, and intelligent design. Retrieved online: http://www.ucsusa.org/scientific_integrity/what_you_can_do/science-as-a-way-of-knowing.html#.Wd5A5BNSyRs Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

by fragility and events experienced herein will most certainly influence behaviors. The lack of protective elements like religion and parenting gravely threatens developmental trajectory. Early adverse experiences may have wide-ranging consequences (Ebert, 2002). The issue of prior experience and its impact on current behavior is explained explicitly in the film, Antwone Fisher. Fisher's childhood experiences of physical, sexual and emotional abuse, besides other adverse experiences, lead to the development of a violent, volatile personality as he ages. He cannot control his anger and small misunderstandings quickly exacerbate into violent eruptions. He frequently quarrels with peers and his defensive, disruptive… Continue Reading...

How European Views Of the Ottomans Changed

German state itself was in a period of transition: politics had changed, religion had changed, and society had changed (thanks to technological advancements). Germany was a state that had been divided by the Protestant Rebellion, with strong presences of both Protestant and Catholic cultures present and asserting themselves in the 16th century. Into this climate came a new attitude with regard to the Ottomans that sought to better understand the people: the “exotic” dress and style of the Turks was emphasized for many Germans, who were desirous of satisfying their curiosity about these different people. They were tired of… Continue Reading...

My Neighbor Totoro Ghibli Film

Satsuki to find her again. 3. My Neighbor Totoro includes several references to Japanese folk culture and especially to Shinto religion and lore. The broad meaning of the film is rooted in a Shinto animistic worldview, in which nature is imbued with a spiritual dimension. Animism suggests that the entire world, even stones and wood, are imbued with life. The animistic worldview teaches respect for nature. The filmmaker shows how the spiritual dimension of nature can be perceived by humans but mainly when humans are in their most innocent or pure state: namely children. Including the real world references also… Continue Reading...

Globalization Is Not Americanization

Canada created an amalgamated society in which language, heritage, religion, race, and even gender were and continue to be sublimated in the interests of globalization. Globalization can only be considered Americanization if Americanization is defined as the state of cultural mingling. Yet what most people mean when they imply globalization equals Americanization is something nefarious, something hegemonic. The British empire, and the Ottomans, and the Mughals before them, also spread their own cultural, political, and economic hegemony throughout the world and especially the territories that they ruled over for centuries. Therefore, globalization has never been and never will be… Continue Reading...

European Global Perspective

Europeans conducting such expansion that they were inherently superior. This value was driven by both religion and by their advanced technology relative to most other societies. Combining the two elements allowed Europeans to impose their will on other societies around the world – even the stronger ones.  Human progress should in theory work a lot like economic progress – the greater the diversification of ideas, and ability for different ideas and value systems to compete, the more likely that the optimal system will be the one that rises. It is no stretch to suggest that the paradigm under which… Continue Reading...

Iraq: the Cradle Of Civilization Video Reaction

less to look forward to unless something changes dramatically. As easy as it may be to blame Islam or religion in general, Wood makes it clear that it is abuse of power, not religion, that is the real problem. religion gives social cohesion and psychological solace for many people around the world, and Wood does a good job of reminding viewers of the importance of Islam to many regions of the globe and their people. Overall, this is a balanced and instructive documentary. Heartbreaking to know that travelers cannot simply hop on a plane to visit these marvelous ruins,… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

cultures are going to inherently have different ways of doing things and different perspectives. Essentially, race, religion and gender are used as proxies for different types of perspectives. A third view is the flexibility argument, which the authors state "indicates that multicultural management practices would result in changes that meant that the system will become less determinant, less standardized and therefore more fluid." Thus, there are different views of diversity from which human resources organization can draw from. The social organization perspective doubtless arose as the result of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which specifically barred discrimination of… Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

take root wherever wisdom was loved by societies. Moreover, ideas about religion spread via the conquering of lands by the Roman army. The Roman religion, however, incorporated the gods and goddesses of the Greek religion—and so this too was transmitted from an earlier age, given a new understanding (new names) and passed on to new people. The Jewish people maintained their own belief system during this era and though they experienced captivity in Egypt as well as exile during the rule of Babylonian times, they were given their freedom by Cyrus, who allowed them to rebuild their sacred temple,… Continue Reading...

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

the foundations of Western philosophy used to support the theology of the Christian religion, Catholic Europe was being torn asunder from within as a result of too much expression given to humanism, too much corruption among the clergy, and too much laxity among the Church officials to hold the foundations together. With all of that history surrounding it, it is no wonder that Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam has become so iconic: it represents the moment that generated it all: the moment of human life springing into existence. [6: Benson Saler, “Supernatural as a Western category.” Ethos 5, no. 1 (1977): 38.]… Continue Reading...

Oral History Of the Russian People

late ninth century (traditional date, 882). The princes of Kievan Rus adopted Christianity as their official religion around 988, establishing a relationship with the Byzantine Empire and what became Orthodoxy, which had enormous influence on the future ideology of tsarism.”[footnoteRef:6] Then there is the oral history that Alexievich offers. It is less focused on facts and figures than on the human experience, the real lives of Russians, who probably could not say what tsarism or who the princes of Kievan Rus were, but are nonetheless Russians. Alexievich lets them speak for themselves: “They were collecting aid for the front… Continue Reading...

A Historical Comparison Of Christianity and Buddhism

the religious establishment” in his time: namely the Vedic religion that the world now knows as Hinduism (Violatti 1). Several centuries later, Jesus of Nazareth served a similarly disruptive role in his community, being leader to a movement that pushed for political change within the religious establishment of Judaism. The New Testament is filled with references to Jesus upsetting the Jewish religious order. Jesus says of the Pharisees, “So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach,” (Matthew 23:3). Unlike Jesus, Buddha… Continue Reading...

Religion in Plato Euthyphro

universal human values and ethics can therefore undergird social norms and laws, preventing recourse to superstition and religion as excuses for human rights abuses. As modern society shifts towards a new moral order based on secular values rather than on religious doctrine, the concept of piety as it is elucidated in Plato’s Euthyphro is the most important concept to be integrated into the Socratic Citizenship Initiative. In Plato’s Euthyphro, both Socrates and Euthyphro exemplify the need for a universal moral order, one that transcends either church or state. At one point in Euthyphro, Socrates cryptically questions, “is it that… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

of Iranians abide by the Sunni school of thought, Shia had become the mainstream Iranian religion about a thousand years ago. In Shia Islam as well, Aql (the reasoning and critical thinking procedure) and urf (culture) are actually two other essential sources of sketching Islamic law. Shia scholars have officially acknowledged aql as an unbiased source of the Islamic law and also have examined it fully with the solid jurisprudence support. The job of community activities (culture), like a supplementary tool in the practice of deducing the Islamic law, is actually in principle, undeniable. Historically, depending on aql (withholding… Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

From WWMT.com comes the news story of Western Michigan University Bronson School of Nursing receiving $2 million in grant money for scholarships to students who are from different cultural backgrounds so that a more diverse culture of student nurses can be achieved (VanTimmeren, 2017). As Bryan (2014) points out, culture is very important in this day and age because it informs people’s perspectives and values about what is good and bad regarding others in society. If people have a very narrow and poorly conceived viewpoint or perspective on other cultures, there is going to be tension in the field. To… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

not support a travel ban because no one should be profiled due to race or religion, travel is a human right, and the U.S. is a safe place for refugees. The travel ban provides much cause for concern because of the potential legality of such an extreme measure. Half a century ago, the American Government chose to outlaw the discrimination seen in the Trump travel ban. “More than 50 years ago, Congress outlawed such discrimination against immigrants based on national origin.” (Bier) Additionally the travel ban puts the United States in a bad light, as other countries may see… Continue Reading...

Universal Religions and the History Of the World

ancient world. Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism spread far from their places of origin, albeit in different ways. Unlike the ancient religion of Hinduism (or the Vedic traditions), Buddhism became a universal religion. Buddhism originated in India, but spread throughout the rest of Asia. Although at one point, Indian Emperor Ashoka adopted Buddhism as a state religion, but Buddhism did not take root for long due to competition with other faiths and traditions. Therefore, believers in Buddhism traveled, taking their belief systems and doctrine with them. Buddhism spread throughout Southeast Asia, the Himalayas, and East Asia, transforming each place by infiltrating… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

range of subjects including, but not limited to, science, the occult, religion, travel, and other areas of interest. Towards the end of the 1950’s he all but retired from writing about expressly political subjects, specifically anti-Communism and anti-Fascism pieces, to devote himself to these other literary arenas. A good example of this fact is a volume he produced near the end of his life in 1976, The Thirteenth Tribe, which was influential, and highly innovative, for its approach towards Semitic matters. The crux of the book is that, as demonstrated by the lineage of a particular Jewish tribe, “European… Continue Reading...

Les Miserables Light and Darkness Victor Hugo

light of the Bishop is not just tied to religion or to God, and certainly not necessarily the institution of the church. Rather, the light of the Bishop is a universal moral light, a light of truth in human kindness and compassion. Light also represents the truth, which is an important theme in Les Miserables. For example, Jean states, “You light your candles for me. Yet I have not concealed from you whence I come and that I am an unfortunate man,” (Chapter 3). Ignorance is commonly linked with proverbial darkness. When the light of truth shines, the consequences… Continue Reading...

The Religion Of Passion

Is there a clear relationship between reading, family, and religion? Most people might not see it immediately. However, there is actually a definite relationship between these three aspects of life. This fact becomes all the more clear when they are considered in an academic context. Reading, family and religion are all things that I can become passionate about. The truth is that when one such as myself is passionate about reading texts for religion, one will inevitably read about the value of family. Therefore, passion about reading about religion actually reinforces… Continue Reading...

The Culture Of the Eastern Band Cherokee

European communities of the 18th century. However, a revival of Cherokee traditionalism and the traditional religion of the Cherokee has effected a blend of religious views and practices that can be described as new age, Christian, and traditional Cherokee. The Eastern Band still performs traditional Cherokee dances, for instance, and students in the Tribe are required to learn the Cherokee language (Montgomery-Anderson, 2015). The community of the Eastern Band has commemorated the trials of their fellow Native Americans in the outdoor drama Unto These Hills, a play written by the American Kermit Houston Hunter in 1950, which describes the… Continue Reading...

Religion the Theology and Teachings Of Paul

Torah-based demands,” (p. 21). Paul developed a distinctly “pejorative view” of Judaism and became a self-defined “outsider” to the religion that would have been his main milieu (Scholz, 2013, p. 22). While it has previously been assumed Paul developed his theology as an oppositional one, a sort of polemic against Judaism, the truth is far more nuanced (Zetterholm, 2009). By critiquing Judaism, Paul hoped just as much to revitalize the old faith, as he did to present a new one based on faith in Christ. Paul’s main beliefs centered around faith in Christ being essential to salvation, and to… Continue Reading...

Biblical Worldview

that the instructor views life, life’s purpose, and all of history from the standpoint of the Christian religion. For such an instructor, the Incarnation is the most important moment in all of history, because it is the moment in which God became Man and the beginning of the redemption of mankind was initiated. The biblical worldview incorporates into such a teacher’s perspective the Old Testament conception of human nature: the fall of man, through the first sin; the loss of the kingdom of Heaven; the consequence of sin being sickness and death; and the longing for eternal companionship with… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Analysis

above elements can, on occasion, effect product demands owing to cultural aspects like ethnicity/race, religion, tradition or heritage that serve to enforce restrictions on products. The company’s product labelling and marketing approach differs for diverse nations based on their distinct traditions and cultures. Consider, for instance, India, where Bollywood governs standards and trends, with actors being highly influential members of society. The company has, thus, banked on actors like Amir Khan for marketing its products. This strategy is, in fact, adopted with several other nations too, with local celebrities posing as brand ambassadors and attracting clients. But the increasing… Continue Reading...

Clipboard Tablet Co Marketing and R&d Analysis

impact companies. Changes to the above elements can, on occasion, effect product demands owing to cultural aspects like ethnicity/race, religion, tradition or heritage that serve to enforce restrictions on products. The company’s product labelling and marketing approach differs for diverse nations based on their distinct traditions and cultures. Consider, for instance, India, where Bollywood governs standards and trends, with actors being highly influential members of society. The company has, thus, banked on actors like Amir Khan for marketing its products. This strategy is, in fact, adopted with several other nations too, with local celebrities posing as brand ambassadors and attracting… Continue Reading...

Snapping Beans by Lisa Parker

very cerebral world of books where everything is questioned, including religion. Her fellow students, sporting nose rings, are said to write poems about Buddhism, sex, and alcohol. Presumably the last two are forbidden by the grandmother’s faith, and Buddhism is entirely foreign to the grandmother. The speaker also notes that she has read, “revelations by book and lecture/as real as any shout of faith, / potent as a swig of strychnine.” The poet’s choice of language with religious resonance is very deliberate here, given that the speaker’s insights into the human condition are ultimately secular in nature. There is… Continue Reading...

Israeli-palestinian Conflict

idealistic commitment to a righteous cause, individualism in interpreting religion, and a conviction that Muslims today are engaged in defensive warfare, or jihad al-daf (Lahoud, 2010). Lahoud's (2010) study of jihadist ideology found that the most common arguments of jihadist are actually that the United States defends their own regimes – regimes that when they do not govern according to sharia are committing apostasy from Islam. Prior to the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, the conflict in Palestine was one of the stated motivations for attacks, and certainly it was for al-Qaeda, as anti-Israel sentiment forms the basis of… Continue Reading...

Mongols History

fear and inability to confront them for a number of reasons. Their religion is also alluded to as people who worshiped the sun and considered nothing as unlawful. They would eat dogs and pigs unlike the Muslims whom they had made their primary target. Concerning marriage they had no boundaries either. The author mentions that several men from this group would have marital affairs with one woman such that a child born of a woman would not actually know whom the father was. Perhaps because of their unruly lifestyle they had no regard for human life and for this… Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

be the most American of all cultures, given that it was a unique hybridization of African and European ideas, religion, music, and life. Du Bois, who received his doctorate from Harvard University and taught sociology at the University of Pennsylvania, also wrote in The Souls of Black Folk about the personal challenges he felt as an African-American man who felt neither wholly a part of American society nor Black society as a highly and at the time unusually educated Black man. Du Bois is associated with the philosophy of the need to elevate the “talented tenth” of African-American society… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

they have not been raised in the Christian tradition. One of the main purposes of the religion is to evangelize those who do not have the faith—the reason being that the faith offers support for people who do not have the keys to overcome their own personal struggles. Counselors and therapists interested in using the Christian tradition have found even that engaging in ritualistic prayers that are part of the Christian religion can have a beneficial effect on people seeking treatment (Gilbert, 2014). Prayer can produce in patients a very positive feeling of peace and it can help to… Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

[2: Alan T. Price (2007, Spring), ‘Secular Humanism vs. religion? The Liberal Democratic Education Tradition and the Battle over Vouchers in the USA.’ Forum on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table, p. 37.] II. Summary of the secular humanist worldview As the term connotes, the source of authority for the secularist humanist worldview is the individual human being, and the source of morality is judged by the consequence of individual actions based on experience and empirical observations. For example, one secular humanist concedes that, “It\'s true that secular humanism says the morality of actions should be… Continue Reading...

Mlk Speech I Have a Dream Rhetorical Analysis

freedom to be free and the access of justice by all in the US despite the race or religion. He also emphasized on the need of the Negro to have his citizenship rights. He also employed use of logos or logic where he questioned the intentions of the system that denies the Negro his rights, and then hopes that the Negro will cool off and stop demanding for the rights. It would be illogical to expect peace and tranquility without the granting of rights. The speech further displays the use of pathos or appeal to the emotions of the… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

to highlight how he is unique. For example, while Christ plays the role of God-Man in the Christian religion, Muhammad simply plays the role of man—though a very special one, of course.[footnoteRef:1] As the Qur’an notes: “Muhammad is no more than an apostle: many were the apostle that passed away before him.”[footnoteRef:2] However, Muhammad’s nature is unlike that of other men, for he is recognized in Islam as having the “most perfect nature” and as being “like a jewel among stones.”[footnoteRef:3] Similarly to the way in which Christ is beloved of the Father in Christianity, Muhammad is “the beloved… Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof,” (“Introduction to the Establishment Clause,” (n.d.). Even a cursory reading of the Establishment Clause shows that prohibiting commissioners from praying during the public meetings violates the First Amendment by “prohibiting the free exercise” of religion. Therefore, when the Supreme Court finally makes its deliberations in Rowan County v. Lund, it should rule in favor of Rowan County. The Rowan County practices have been grossly misunderstood and misrepresented. Thus far, federal courts have ruled against Rowan County, claiming for example, “the prayer practice served… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Leadership Diversity in the Workplace

international background is perfectly poised to guide organizational policy and practice regarding diversity and communication. Religious Diversity religion can be a central component of individual identity construction and community cohesion. Just as employees have rich social and family lives outside of their place of employment, they also observe religious practices that coincide with their personal beliefs or their cultural background. While religiosity and spirituality usually do not conflict with the workplace environment, holidays are a potential source of conflict. A hegemonic Christian culture has enabled the celebration of some holidays as if they were universal. Failure to formally acknowledge non-Christian holidays… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

the peace,” he “was punished,” (Achebe, 1958, p. 25). The gods are a symbol of justice, the religion a key to enforcing moral codes. Okonkwo has respect for his religion, which is why he does understand that this higher moral code is one that even he must submit to. Unfortunately, Okonkwo does not realize that his version of masculinity is contradictory to the moral code. Achebe shows that in many ways, the villages are democratic. The people have collectively more power than Okonkwo, and can decide how to punish one of the most powerful men in the village. He… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Business Ethics

than imposing a type of moral law that is dependent on culture, tradition, religion, or regional laws. Libertarian Ethics Libertarian ethics can help businesses understand the importance of respecting the rights of individuals, respecting and valuing diversity, and honoring the need for autonomy. Rooted in virtue ethics, libertarian ethics also focus on the development of good moral character within an organization’s leadership as well as its entire staff (Powell, 2013). Like utilitarian ethics, libertarian ethics are not predisposed to rules but nevertheless realize the importance of overarching ethical tenets that foster good business relationships. Libertarian ethics prove important from… Continue Reading...

Missionaries

power. The Beebouts exhibit classical colonialist thinking, in that they believe in the superiority of their religion, customs, and culture. Based on the letters and the videos, the Beebouts and their fellow RCA missionaries are also resolute that a Christian worldview is critical to bring about desired changes that can promote social justice. Susan Beebout is also surprised to learn that the locals “revert to their old ways of practicing medicine,” seeming shocked instead of understanding the saliency of health beliefs and their underlying sociological and psychological components. Purpose The primary purpose of these communications is to promote the RCA… Continue Reading...

I Am Alive Documentary

anthropophagy is an extension of the Eucharist ritual (Osborne, 2010). Framing anthropophagy in religious terms shows how religion has been used as a powerful means of social control in general, and is ironically invoked in the survival situation to encourage positive deviance. Social rituals were also used as a means of encouraging conformity. For example, they describe how they “made a pact” to donate their own body to the collective if they should die too (Osborne, 2010). Conformity in the I Am Alive story is a means by which the group ensures its collective survival. They also fall into… Continue Reading...

Ancient Roman Civilization and the Gladiator Games

gladiatorial games in ancient Rome—the expression of political influence, the expression of religion, a means of emphasizing the Empire’s power, and grounds for slaves to have a reason to revolt—and show how these purposes were interwoven throughout the coliseums where these brutal contests were conducted. Context The gladiator games were not a Roman invention but rather a tool that the Romans borrowed (like so many other tools in their society) from other cultures. In this case, gladiatorial contests were first found among the Etruscans and the Romans first incorporated them into their culture at the funeral of Junius Brutus… Continue Reading...

Legal Precedent Constitution Religion and Education

Clause, which undergirds so much of the debate regarding the role religion plays in school. Private schools have freedom to impart religion and religious values, but public schools are not because public schools are considered a public—meaning taxpayer-funded—service. Public schools are therefore governed by the Establishment Clause. On this matter, the courts have remained fairly constant, although there are some cases that demonstrate the different ways the Establishment Clause may be interpreted (or misinterpreted, as the case may be). In fact, the Establishment Clause has long been misunderstood and teachers and students both have more leeway than they might… Continue Reading...

Nursing Practice Changes

world as it was for the ancient Romans—the Hippocratic Oath, which, of course, is of ancient Grecian origin. religion was a major historical influence on the development of the nursing profession. Christianity in the West and Islam in the Middle East helped to spread the practice of nursing (Jan, 1996; Kourkouta, 1998). In the modern era, however, nursing shifted into more of a secular practice and in the West, Florence Nightingale served as the model nurse for the modern era. As the nursing practice developed in the West with more and more focus on institutionalized education, standards, and accreditation being… Continue Reading...

Immigration Essay

& Moving Forward. Powell, J. (2008). Encyclopedia of North American immigration. New York: Infobase Publishing. Reichley, J. (2010).  religion in American public life. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution. Yee, V., Davis, K., & Patel, J. K. (2017, March 7). Here's the Reality About Illegal Immigrants in the United States - The New York Times. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/03/06/us/politics/undocumented-illegal-immigrants.html?module=ArrowsNav&contentCollection=Politics&action=keypress®ion=FixedLeft&pgtype=Multimedia Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice System Essay

‘unlawful conduct’ “Racial profiling — as well as profiling based on religion, ethnicity and national origin — continues to plague our nation despite the constitutional guarantee of equal treatment under the law” (Natarajan, 2014). Accounts of racial profiling are seen not just in these programs, but in simple areas like traffic tickets. Police officers may choose to ticket people more based on their race. “Rufus Scales emerged from the encounter with four traffic tickets; a charge of assaulting an officer, later dismissed; a chipped tooth; and a split upper lip that required five stitches. That was May 2013” (LaFraniere… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

from the Islam practiced by the majority of Muslims?  Does the religion, itself, promote violence, or is terrorism a corruption of the religion. Afghanistan and Russia- How did Russian involvement in Afghanistan help bring about a modern era of terrorism?  While the mujahedeen fought with the United States in Afghanistan to repel Russian forces, they have since become radicalized against the Western world.  What are the roots of this radicalization and can the schism ever be bridged? Domestic Violence and Domestic Terrorism- While the media is quick to focus on the religious or political affiliations of people who commit… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

and bad, right and wrong. Throughout history, various cultures have come into existence, shaped by politics, religion, philosophy, technology, and myriad other factors that influence people and perspectives. Cultures can be creative. They can also be self-destructive. For instance, some businesses have exhibited a dangerous workplace culture that ultimately brought the company to its knees. Case in point is the now notorious object lesson that was Enron: a company whose leaders fostered a culture of hubris and get-rich-quick scheming that inevitably led to the corporation’s spectacular blow-up (Mclean & Elkind, 2004). This essay will define culture, discuss culture identity,… Continue Reading...

Abortion Pros and Cons Essay

Coin Abortion Topics Acceptable Circumstances: When is an abortion a non-controversial decision? The impact of technology on abortion practices. religion and abortion: examining the relationship through history. The government and abortion: what role the government should play. The mental and physical health impact of having several abortions. What the history of abortions can tell us about present-day controversies. The connection between abortion rights and human rights. Parental rights and abortions with minors: best practices. Issues commonly entangled with abortion (abuse, relationship issues, career derailment, etc.). Outline 1. Introduction Background on abortion. Offer historical data on how the practice emerged and was viewed. Discuss… Continue Reading...

Early Medieval and Contemporary Education

period. However, this response does not include one of the major features that characterized guild systems of education i.e. religion. While these systems focused on providing training based on particular interests or career, the training was based on religion. religion formed the basis of education on other areas of interests/career in the guild pattern of training. McCaskill’s response suggests that the current system of education is based on the pattern of training in the guild system. The modern apprentice programs in community colleges is based on patterns established in guild systems with regards to classifying students based on their… Continue Reading...

The Godfather Trilogy Analysis

significance, as Mary is the Mother of God in the Catholic religion, which is Michael’s religion. The film’s narrative suggests that in losing his own daughter Mary, he is now better positioned to be with his spiritual mother Mary, who had to suffer the death of her Son that people like Michael might find forgiveness and be redeemed. It is a complex allegorically stunning ending to the trilogy that weaves violence, religion, honor, redemption, and suffering all into one final climactic scene on the staircase—itself a symbol of movement from one stage of life to the next. Indeed, Michael… Continue Reading...

European Muslims in Germany in the Postwar Period

“Islam makes it possible to maintain a piece of home. religion is one of the few supports, something one can be proud of” (Joppke, 1999). With the influx of the Islamic immigrant worker, came the influx of Islam in Germany, as one would expect. In 1969 there were only three mosques in Germany; in 1990 there were over 1500 (Joppke, 1999). This example clearly shows that these guest workers clung to their religious beliefs and customs, something that connected them to their homeland and their traditions there. This strong connection to Islam, did of course undermine further integration because… Continue Reading...

Literary Analysis Of Speech "we're on Our Way" Essay

freedom, democracy, and the pursuit of happiness cannot be mired in hatred. Hamer also points out the ineffectiveness of religion in helping to improve conditions for African Americans. The preachers, note Hamer, have been urging pacifism, telling their congregations to avoid taking part in political marches. Yet Hamer points out the fallacy of their approach. “You can pray until you faint, but if you don’t get up and try to do something, God is not going to put it in your lap,” (39). Taking action is essential; God helps those who help themselves. Moreover, Hamer points out that preachers… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Eternal Life Essay

death, to escape the debt that the Christian God has placed on all creation. For Kurzweil, the myth of religion is most likely not something he genuinely feels compelled to regard as important. His interests are in science, in nanotechnology, in "the law of accelerating returns," as he calls it (Casti 663). Not everyone believes as he does, however; some, who still maintain the traditional views of the past and of the Old World in particular are more inclined to abstain from venturing too far into a contemplation of playing God -- of obtaining immortality without Him. Too many… Continue Reading...

Hospitality Law Essay

to customers who may bring conflict or cause friction with other guests or with the owner’s personal beliefs, religion, or ideals? Oregon Christian Bakery Closes After Refusing to Make Wedding Cake for Gay Couple Colorado baker vows to stop making wedding cakes. Defense of Asking Restaurants for Gluten Free Food Restaurant doesn't want picky eaters Hulk Hogan's Restaurant Dress Code Policy Right to Refuse Service Based on Appearance Boycott of Beverly Hills Hotel Example File Hospitality Law Example Continue Reading...

Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Essay

context. The uniqueness of the Pakistan is their interplay between family structure religion, culture, and class, which affects their reconciliation of family roles and works among Pakistani women. The study uses the in-depth semi-structured interview to investigate the experience of Pakistani women with reference to work-family conflict. The study uses the qualitative data analysis to enhance data reliability and validity. The analysis is carried out by reading the texts to understand the entire context of the interviews. The outcome of the analysis produces several themes. The first theme produced from the interview is the joint family. It is revealed… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

  Islamic Terrorism: The Radicalization of religion   Abstract This essay focuses on radical Islamic terrorism, from its roots in the Shia rebellion that led to the Iranian Revolution to the modern day terrorist group Daesh/ISIL/ISIS/IS.  It discusses how 9-11 introduced many Westerners to the idea of radical Islamic terrorism and the self-proclaimed holy warriors who carry out these acts as a form of jihad.  In order to help explain modern terrorism, the paper discusses the roots of the Sunni/Shia split and the lingering impact that split has on the modern geopolitical environment.  The foundation of modern… Continue Reading...

Religion and Christian Counseling

understanding of areas that can be meaningfully applied one’s career. For example, an Interdisciplinary Studies degree that focuses on religion and Christian counseling provides a suitable foundation for a counselor seeking to specialize in a work area that incorporates aspects of religion into the fundamentals of counseling. It is similar to a chef who has an understanding of a variety of menus and meals and how to prepare them applying for job as a opposed to a chef who has only practiced preparing one menu item over a course of four years applying for the same job. The chef… Continue Reading...

Jewish Ethics

The Scope of Jewish Ethics When one thinks of the ethics of any religion, behavior of the individual often comes to mind initially. However, the behavior of the micro informs the macro, as the creators of the code of Jewish ethics are well aware. This paper will examine the scope of Jewish ethics as they pertain to the economic and health spheres, two arenas where there needs to be strong connections to ethical codes. The scope of Jewish ethics pertains to all arenas and subjects where the safety, wellness, happiness and potential of the individual and… Continue Reading...

The Great Depression and White Evangelicalism

Article Review: religion for the Blues: Evangelicalism, Poor Whites, and the Great Depression White evangelical religion is often conceptualized as a solely conservative force inhibiting social change. The purpose of the article “religion for the Blues: Evangelicalism, Poor Whites, and the Great Depression” by Wayne Flynt is to contextualize the type of religious faith that sustained many poor whites during difficult economic circumstances in the early half of the 20th century in America. Rather than a source of repression, Flynt argues the religionContinue Reading...

Spirituality Mind Body Spirit and Transpersonal Psychology

create healthier systems in the body and experience self-healing. References Fossarelli, P. (2002). Fearfully wonderfully made: The interconnectedness of body-mind-spirit. Journal of religion and Health, 41(3), 207–229. Luskin, F. (2004). Transformative practices for integrating mind-body-spirit. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 10(Supplement), S15–s23. B. Therapies Mind-body integration and healing therapies abound, and many if not most can be aligned with a Christian worldview. Prayer is of course a cornerstone of Christian practice and faith, and is one of the most important techniques for refreshing and soothing the mind, rejuvenating the body through the calming of the spirit (Luskin, 2004). Scripture illuminates the necessity—and the theological… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Anthropology Today

The Usefulness of Anthropology in a Globalized Society In his seminal text, The Naked Ape, Desmond Morris examines the biological basis for modern human behaviors in urban settings, and makes the point that some of the more baffling ways that people act today can be traced to evolutionary responses to the exigencies of the prehistoric environment. Since its publication in 1967, this anthropological analysis has been followed by a growing body of scholarship concerning evolution and ecological principles and their implications for modern society (Dunaif-Harris, 1987). Today, the concept of gender is undergoing increased scrutiny and notions such as pansexuality… Continue Reading...

Okinawa Japan

tourist attractions, and also offer an overview of Japanese culture in general to readers, including Japanese religion (Buddhism and Shintoism), popular festivals, religion, and food. Q3. What is your purpose for writing? Japan has a very unique culture but the culture of Okinawa is particularly distinct; it is the birthplace of karate and has some of the longest-lived citizens of the world (Southerden). This will hopefully generate interest in tourism as well as a desire to learn more about the culture in my readership. Analyzing Your Readers There has been an increasing interest in travel to Japan in recent… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

(Zahedifar E., 2012). It is interesting to look at women and religion in Iran as well. From the onset, it is important to know that Iran has an Islamic political system as was prescribed in 1979 under the leadership of Imam Khomeini. It is the only existing political system in the entire world where politics and religion are intimately intertwined. The supreme leader, Ayatolah Khamenei is considered the highest religious as well as the political leader in as much as there is a presidential system in Iran. Apparently, the situation of women has been worse under the customary law that… Continue Reading...

Social Media in the Uk Promoting Freedom Of Expression

Ideas. London: SAGE Publications Icelandic Human Rights Center (2018). The Right to Freedom of Expression And religion. Retrieved from: http://www.humanrights.is/en/human-rights-education-project/human-rights-concepts-ideas-and-fora/substantive-human-rights/the-right-to-freedom-of-expression-and-religion Klang, M. & Murray, A. (2005). Human Rights in the Digital Age. London: Psychology Press. McWhorter, P. (2013). Seeds of Enlightened Society. New York: Xlibris Corporation Schauer, F. (2017). Free Speech, the Search for Truth, and the Problem of Collective Knowledge. Retrieved from: https://scholar.smu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4682&context=smulr Thompson, S. (2012). Freedom of Expression and Hatred of religion. Ethnicities, 12(2), 215-232. United Nations (2010). Report of the Human Rights Council. New York: United Nations Publications. UNESCO (2018). Freedom of Expression: A Fundamental Human Right… Continue Reading...

Algeria France and the Mersault Investigtion

his time. Harun gives credit to Camus’s recognition of existential absurdity, of the irrationality of religion and the search for “a God who doesn’t exist,” (Daoud 5). Camus presented a bleak and meaningless portrait of the world, and Harun seeks to rectify that worldview by seeking meaning, justice, and the truth. Musa’s murder is a springboard for reconciliation. Harun realizes the futility in pursuing a path in which French language, culture, and literature are completely discarded and opts for a middle path. Harun does seem to lack self-awareness at certain points in the novel, particularly in that he claims… Continue Reading...

Spirituality and Humanistic Psychology Individual

http://web.cortland.edu/andersmd/HUMAN/WHAT.HTML Question 2 The search for meaning in life is often framed in terms of spirituality or religion. As “fuzzy” as these worldviews may be, spirituality and religion do promote the goals of humanistic psychology including the search for meaning and the seeking of self-actualization (Bregman, 2006, p. 5). Finding meaning in life often entails a confrontation with death and mortality. Religions like Christianity have highly developed systems of thought related to death and the afterlife: eschatology. Other religions promote entirely different ways of conceptualizing the meaning of life and death. For example, Buddhism and Hinduism both suggest that some sort… Continue Reading...

The Teaching Of Evolution and Religious Beliefs

religion and the teaching of evolution It has been argued by some factions that teaching of evolution theory of existence of the universe contravenes the religious belief of some people as well as the ethnic beliefs of some people. It is argued by these groups that the teaching of the evolution theory is tantamount to demeaning their religious beliefs and their ethnic upbringing hence a breach on their freedom of religion. They say, that each religion or ethic group needs to be left alone with their belief unadulterated so… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

suppress pain, to forgetting? Our desire for some form of transcendence of ordinary experience expresses itself not only in religion but in other endeavors as well, and these too have probably been more deeply influenced by psychoactive plants than we like to think (Pollan, p.145). Plants with the abovementioned property have actually, historically, become religious sacraments, leading to their careful, and even reverential, propagation and care. Hence, mankind’s desire for transcendence gave rise to novel survival tactics or evolutionary opportunities for plants with molecules capable of altering human consciousness. Traditional studies on marijuana intoxication’s nature reveal that its key effects… Continue Reading...

Fbi Uniform Crime Reports

particular group of individuals on grounds of their race, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, religion, sexual orientation or disability. Bias Crime (or Hate Crime) – A crime motivated partly or wholly by the criminal’s bias against a particular gender, race, ethnic group, or religion, or against disabled individuals, or based on gender identity or sexual orientation. Hate Group– Organizations who aim primarily at promoting hatred, enmity and malevolence against individuals of a particular race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender or disability, different from those of organizational members (for instance, the American Nazi Party and the Ku Klux Klan).… Continue Reading...

The Cross Cultural Exchanges in Early Days

The nature of cross-cultural exchanges in the early modern period The phenomenon of cross-cultural experiences and exchanges started from the early years and was always the starting point of discovery of the other cultures. On the initial contacts, there were outstanding differences and concerns that the people involved had, with each of the groups of people thinking that the culture of the other was strange and inferior. Hypothesis The evidence shows that cross-cultural exchanges in the early modern period were stereotypical and condescending. The people of a given nation always saw the other cultures as strange and hence inferior to… Continue Reading...

Cultural Identity Essay

is a mixture of some or all of the following: geography, ethnic or racial group, religion, native country, ancestry, language or slang. What can make cultural identities more challenging to determine is the fact they do depend on the preferences of the individual. For instance, an Irish American living in Boston might have a very distinct cultural identity than an Irish American living in Omaha, Nebraska. This is largely because cultural identities are shaped based upon what people identify with and choose connect themselves to. The cultural identity of a person indicates some sort of connection with a group… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism Psychoanalysis and Hte Psychology

and Rationale Although inquiries into the human experience can be traced through the disciplines of philosophy and religion, the first scientific, empirical studies of human nature and behavior began more concertedly in the nineteenth century. William Wundt opened the first real laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychology in 1879, signifying the birth of the scientific study of psychology prior to its fragmentation into different empirical disciplines (Baker & Sperry, 2018). Following initial forays into structural and functional analyses of the human mind, researchers began to take varying approaches including those that focused on the internal or subjective experiences of people, such… Continue Reading...

Online Statistics and Probability Theory

are those that express a qualitative characteristic for instance hair color, eye color, religion, favorite movie, gender, and others. It is imperative to note that the values of a qualitative variable do not denote a numerical arrangement. On the other hand, qualitative variables are now and again referred to as categorical variables. The inference of this is that quantitative variables are those variables that are measured with respect to numbers. Lastly, there is the classification of discrete and continuous variables. On the one hand, discrete variables are discrete points of scale, for instance the number of children. On the… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Public Perspectives Domestic and Global Perspectives

(b ¼ 0.27; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.43), while those affiliated to a religion other than Catholicism (b ¼ 20.32; 95% CI: 20.48, 20.16) were less likely to do so” (Palermo et al., 2015). This suggests strongly that part of the resistance to abortion in Chile and no doubt in other parts of the world, is partly entangled with people’s religious beliefs. This was a finding that was underscored in another study, “Faith, Race?Ethnicity, and Public Policy Preferences: Religious Schemas and Abortion Attitudes Among U.S. Latinos” by Bartkowski and colleagues (2012). When examining abortion attitudes with Catholic Latinos in the… Continue Reading...

Educational Platform Development

respect for diversity as related to learning styles, family structures, religion, beliefs, disabilities, gender, race, ethnicities, values, and socioeconomic status is provided. In my school, young people need assistance closing the achievement gap and our educators aim to facilitate that process by focusing on promoting reading, writing and arithmetic skills. Image of the Learner All students are different and therefore learn in their own ways. Montessori taught that students should be allowed to set their own pace. Active learning has also been identified as a way for deep learning to transpire. Some students benefit from visual learning, others from… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Peer Response

character virtues become normative throughout the society. Instead of relying on religion to guide our normative ethics, or our personal moral code, we can focus on our character and how we can improve our attitudes and behaviors. Peer Response 3:  Integrity and commitment are strong ethical virtues that can engender what Aristotle called eudaimonia. To have integrity means to remain committed to one’s principles, but it also means having a strong moral character overall. To have integrity means to be integral—to be whole and complete. The person who has integrity is not pulled in many directions at once. Instead,… Continue Reading...

Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools

be applied to any scenario, regardless of constraints like culture, age, or religion. The standards of intellectual rigor that guide critical thinking include clarity, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, logic, and fairness. These criteria can be applied to verbal or written arguments, encouraging discursive practices. Then, the authors present a list of essential intellectual traits shared in common by critical thinkers. Those traits include humility, courage, empathy, autonomy, integrity, perseverance, reason, and fair-mindedness. The templates or checklists for critical thinking can and should be applied to any material a student or reader encounters, holding all material up to high levels… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against the Existence Of God

the Evangelical Theological Society 46 (1, March 2003), 152.] [5: “St Anselm’s Ontological Argument” (2018) Philosophy of religion. [online] available: http://www.philosophyofreligion.info/theistic-proofs/the-ontological-argument/st-anselms-ontological-argument/] [6: Sidney N. Deane (1903), Works of St. Anselm [online] available: sacred-texts.com.] [7: Deane (1903).] In sum, Anselm maintains that humanity depends on experiential sources to confirm or refute abstract conceptualizations, including most especially the fundamental hypothesis concerning the existence or nonexistence of God. This reliance on experience, however, flies in the face of what Anselm contends is the overarching reality of God’s existence. In this regard, one biblical authority points out that Anselm’s argument assumes “the form… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Social Change

Klu Klux Klan, for example, also supported Prohibition. In urban locations, the sentiment towards Prohibition was far different. In general, religion was less influential in cities, and many people profited from selling alcohol. Also, for European immigrants, particularly those from Catholic countries, alcohol had a very important place in their cultural worldview. Although Prohibition may have seemed like a benign attempt to protect women and children from alcoholic husbands and to prevent lawlessness and violence from people of all ages consuming very strong liquor, there was also a clear socialization project behind it, an attempt to make immigrant groups more… Continue Reading...

Obesity Epidemic

include socioeconomic class status, the political culture and climate, religion, the economy, and worldview (Hu, 2008; Mela, 2005). Third, developmental psychology and life course theory has been shown to be relevant to the etiology of obesity in some populations (Hu, 2008). Specifically, the results of the longitudinal ALSPAC (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents And Children) study shows that fetal exposure, breastfeeding, parental impacts, school atmosphere and transition into adulthood are all critical nodes or junctures in childhood development (Reilly, Armstrong, Dorosty, et al, 2005). Fourth, in addition to applying developmental psychology theories to the epidemiology of obesity, it is… Continue Reading...

The Russian Revolution As a Direct and Indirect Cause Of Fascism

any way to refute him. None of their nineteenth century nostrums—deference, religion, schooling—had worked.”[footnoteRef:9] Fascists seduced people by suggesting that in the next time period the country would be stronger than the class that one was born into. As Paxton clarifies, this was indeed a seductive message, one which interested many people, as it was almost a roundabout approach to circumvent one’s class. [9: Paxton and Morey, Anatomy, 103.] In summary, one can assert that there was a causal element between the Russian revolution and the rise of fascism—both directly and indirectly. The Russian revolution forced the majority to be… Continue Reading...

The Russian Revolution and the Rise Of Fascism

The Soviet regime focused on eradication of the Old World relics (including persecution of the Church): “ religion, a form of superstition, was backward” (Fitzgerald, 2000, p. 15). Ironically, both embraced the notion of nationalism and extolled virtues like hard work, duty, and idealism—but whereas Hitler celebrated the peasant class and the bourgeois, the Soviets condemned them. Still, as Fitzgerald (2000) states, the Soviets also embraced the “cult of personality” that typified the Fascist regimes, through which Hitler and Mussolini administered (p. 15). In each regime, the Leader was hailed as a visionary and followed by the mass of people,… Continue Reading...

Designer Brands in Egypt

Egypt, Fashion and Merchandising religion, culture, national pride and tradition all play a part in merchandising approaches and fashion businesses in Egypt. The tradition of the family, gender issues, the roles of men and women in society, the extent to which religious beliefs are promoted in the culture—all of this impacts merchandising and fashion. This paper will look at how religion influences merchandising approaches and fashion businesses in Egypt and discuss the effect that religion has on retail and whether or not religious customs appear to be changing. Egypt is a predominantly Muslim… Continue Reading...

Syncretism in Art and Public Art in Tucson

by the slave masters and plantation owners. The result was a syncretic religion which is today known as Santeria and Voodoo (Olmos & Paravisini-Gebert, 116-7). Voodoo leaders came to be known as Priests, just like in Catholic and they have adopted elements of the Catholic faith e.g. the use of candles, crosses, bells, and baptism. In addition, African religious practices are evident in Santeria and Voodoo e.g. intense and vigorous dancing, possession by spirits, worship of the ancestor, and drumming. Figure 2. West African Voodoo Deities (Adopted from Abercrombie and Kent) Figure 4. Haitian Voodoo Deities (Adopted from Johnson)… Continue Reading...

Kublai Khan Improvements to the Chinese System and Ideals

China developed to more than 500,000 amid Mongol run the show. How contemporary China's principle religion is still Buddhism featured Kublai's effect. At last, Kublai Khan had essentially affected the cultural diffusion and advanced different religions inside China (Khan, 2017). Economic and Trade Developments Kublai Khan contributed to the growth of China’s economy by reopening and improving trading routes. After Kublai Khan conquered the Sung Dynasty, he promoted agricultural and commercial growth within Yuan. As an aftermath, he constructed and reopened trading routes that became significant for China’s economy. This led to the globalization of the Yuan Dynasty. For… Continue Reading...

Religion As a Source Of Conflict and Purpose

religion, in whichever form of it, has over the centuries been upheld by various groups as the ultimate guide to good living, harmonious coexistence and the sole source of spiritual nourishment. Virtually all religions uphold their beliefs as the truest path to a purpose driven life and a fulfilling existence on earth and even beyond. The religious writing have situations, case scenarios and story of individuals that are geared towards teaching the readers the purpose for which they are alive and how to overcome various challenges… Continue Reading...

Syria’s Civil War and the Refugee Crisis

are quite comfortable with “othering” these refugees as simple quixotic non-entities who practice a religion that they find baffling. Even when people aren’t being openly hostile to Syrian refugees, there’s a marked lack of respect or acceptance for Islam that can make existence in these foreign nations unbearable. Russia’s policy and reaction to the Syrian Civil War has created circumstances of enhanced instability and an even more unstable self among Syrian immigrants. This is largely because of the fact that Russia had long positioned itself as a friend to the Syrian people—wooing them to Russia to work in textiles,… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh and Its Connection to the World

independent nation called the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. The former’s major religion is Hinduism while the latter’s is Islam. All through the course of history, cultural concepts and particular facets’ identifications as ‘tradition’ contributed significantly to constructing identity notions within the region, where a mingling of multiple cultures may be seen to this day (Selim, 2014). By highlighting the nation’s political developments historically, Bangladesh’s Muslim nationalism is revealed to be an alternative approach to the prior nationalism-secularism of Bengal (Hossain, 2012). Cultural aspects Identity – The nation’s culture, a product of centuries of amassing elements from Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and… Continue Reading...

Film I Am

the basic questions that guide the entire 80 minutes film that engages different authority figures in various fields like religion, philosophy and science. Having produced several other blockbusters, majorly in the comical side of production, Shadyac here comes up with a totally different thought provoking film that tackles reality in life rather than injecting fun into lives. This shift in paradigm was occasioned by the real life experience that Shadyac had. He was involved in a bike accident there after suffered Post Concussion Syndrome, a condition that incapacitated him. Though Shadyac later recovered from this condition, it was an… Continue Reading...

Two Natures in Christ

it was necessary for the Empire to have a religion supporting it (Christianity) that was cohesive and clearly defined and that this is another reason why it was important for the Councils to clearly defined what adherents of Christianity were expected to believe—doing so helped to preserved order in the Eastern Empire while the West fell into decline. Application and Analysis In my contemporary Christian fellowship/church experience, the Christology of contemporary Christian churches is much less defined. Unless they are students of theology, they are unlikely to have any sense of what is meant by the hypostatic union—or it… Continue Reading...

Two Definitions Of Moralism

Christ or anything like that at all. Mohler’s argument is that moralism is not a sufficient replacement for religion. Ross would argue that religion falls into the category of moralism, but Mohler would not say that because Mohler believes that the Christian religion is necessary for salvation. Ross would say that Mohler is just marking up lines in the road to his personal ice cream shop shouting at everyone who doesn’t follow it that they are immoral and going to hell. Mohler would say that people who draw chalk lines in the name of moralism are really just draw… Continue Reading...

Slumdog Millionaire Thoughts and Reflection

asks the individual to look inward and outward for an answer. Of course, answers like geography, culture, religion, history and globalization have all contributed to the more desperate situations in these third world nations. Many developed nations like the United States and those in Western Europe, have made their fortunes at the expense of third world nations such as those in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The film, by showing the misery and humanity of Jamal’s childhood, forces the spectator to examine the bigger picture of the how the global economy works and who suffers from the mighty hand… Continue Reading...

History Political Social Economic Culture African American

some measures higher than their white counterparts (French, Homer, Popovici, et al., 2014). Family and religion African American culture is diverse, with cleavages along geographic and socioeconomic class lines in terms of family structure, social norms, and religiosity. For much of African American history, single parent households have been more common than among whites, and yet African Americans have also had much higher numbers of multi-generational or extended households too (Ruggles, 1994). Slavery and its reverberations, including mass incarceration and the disproportionate numbers of African Americans behind bars, have all severed innumerable family ties. religion has often been a mitigating… Continue Reading...

Psychology Ethics and Law

also be able to pick up on, based on demographics such as age, race, ethnicity, socio-economic background, religion and so on. If the demographic does not match what the prosecution or defense is trying to achieve, the psychologist will recommend rejecting the juror to mitigate the risk of unwanted prejudice. Finally attribution theory posits that an individual will attempt to relate to another by explaining the motivations of a person through the application of beliefs or ideas that the individual thinks would explain behavior. Understanding how different individuals are likely to apply attribution is crucial to determining which jurors… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

bureaucratic authoritarianism, and also on fusing the power of religion and politics. The bastion of Sunni Islam, the Ottoman Empire colonized regions far beyond what are now the borders of the modern nation-state of Turkey. Moreover, the Ottoman Empire encompassed a wide range of linguistically and ethnically diverse people, capitalizing on access to global trade routes to bolster power and influence in and beyond Eurasia. The use of military might, of economic influence, and also of religious and cultural tools for social control and hegemony all characterized the Ottoman Empire in its heyday. At the beginning of the twentieth… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

Race, class, gender, ethnicity, and religion are all variables that impact a person’s identity, worldview, communication style, and behaviors. Applying the sociological imagination to the workplace environment enables a greater understanding of how these factors impact daily interactions and events, with the goals of promoting harmony and resolving conflict. Being aware of race, gender, and religion has helped me function better in teams. The times that I neglected to recognize race, religion, and gender taught me valuable lessons and helped me to become more emotionally and socially intelligent. Race, gender, and religion are all… Continue Reading...

2016 Election

(c) voting history (Party affiliation), (d) region of the country, (e) religion, (f) ethnicity/race, and (g) ideology (ex., conservative, liberal, libertarian, reform, etc.). Then I would seek to obtain a sample of participants that could provide me with a significant set of data that I could draw reasonable conclusions as to why different voters voted for Trump. I would like to post a survey online using social media—Facebook and Twitter—and also obtain individuals for interviews using social media as well. The interviews would provide me with a qualitative data set and the surveys would provide me with a quantitative… Continue Reading...

Affirmative Action Plan in Human Resources

be non-biased and should be favorable to all persons, regardless of their color, race, disability, sex, religion, age, ancestry, veteran status or national origin (IPFW, 2015). The Affirmative Action Programme actually confirms beyond doubt the commitment of the University to the Affirmative Action principles. It additionally functions as a document for reporting the actions of students and staff, as well as a means of communicating issues related to the formation of the plan. (IPFW, 2015) Definitions Discrimination can be safely defined as the process of scrupulously judging people because of the minority group they belong to, while ignoring whatever… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Christian Faith

[5: Smith, Christian. "Why Christianity works: An emotions-focused phenomenological account." Sociology of religion 68, no. 2 (2007): 165-178.] [6: Pike, Mark A. "Christianity and character education: Faith in core values?." Journal of Beliefs & Values 31, no. 3 (2010): 311-321.] Conclusion To understand the meaning of the Christian Faith, one must understand how the aspects of the Christian Faith are interrelated. The acts of faith that Christians make help to reinforce the cognitive aspect of their faith, as they see in their own lives and in the lives of others the good fruits that come about as a result. The good fruit from… Continue Reading...

How Religion Works Today

The Social Function of religion religion is assuredly one of the more tangible markers of both culture and civilization. This fact is particularly true when one considers the role of religion in contemporary American life. Anyone doing so would find it difficult to divest the notion of religion from its sociological functions, especially if they were familiar with Durkheim’s theory of religion and the emphasis the author places on its social origins. Albeit from a slightly less specific viewpoint, Marx’s conception of ideology is also applicable to the role of religion in 21st… Continue Reading...

John's Gospel and Today's World

this move. Christ is depicted in the Gospel as instituting an entirely new religion—one based on love, charity, mercy and relationships. As Moloney (1998) states, “one becomes a child of God through a process of growth” (p. 38), and the abandonment of the synagogue may be seen as the young bird leaving the nest and branching out on his own. This was the growth the Church required and at the center of it was the idea of Christ as the God of all. 2 The Gospel could be considered anti-Semitic because it does paint the Jews in a negative… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Reason to Faith

come later. [10: Patricia S. Kruppa, "" More sweet and liquid than any other": Victorian images of Mary Magdalene." In  religion and Irreligion in Victorian Society, pp. 126-141. Routledge, 2013.] The Apostles were the same way. When Christ said “follow me,” they followed Him, without even knowing who or what this Man was (Matthew 9:9). Why should a tax collector stop what he is doing and throw all of it away to follow a Nazarene? There is no rhyme or reason to it other than that he was touched, like the other Apostles, by the spirit of the Holy Ghost.… Continue Reading...

Communism in Latin America

because the leaders never became tyrants because the leaders were bound like the people to rules of religion. Additionally, Spinoza (2017) points out that “the only thing connecting all the leaders of the Hebrews was the bond of religion. If any one of them had defected from their religion and begun to violate the divine right of each individual, the rest could have considered him an enemy and rightly put him down” (p. 139). What Spinoza is suggesting, therefore, is basically the same thing that Plato, Aristotle and Augustine suggest: people need religion—it binds them and gives them a… Continue Reading...

Colonial Scripts Reciting Colonialism Globalization and Democracy in the Decolonized

East’s indigenous people are not held hostage by traditions that get in the way of self-determination. Further, religion (i.e. Islam) is founded on some basic democratic ideals that do not complicate self-determination. On that basis, we could speculate that the problem lies with the current regimes and globalization realities. 4. Empirical Evidence There is sufficient empirical evidence presented systematically in support of the viewpoints of the author, i.e. the region’s colonial history. 5. Structure (broader/surrounding economic/political/social factors that shape people's behaviors and decisions.)>>Interactions(How actors deal with structures)>>Actors(Individual or Groups) The peoples of the Middle East experienced severe oppression from… Continue Reading...

The Historical Context Of Marx Scientific Socialism

free market economy, one in which the pursuit of profit subsumed other elements of the social order such as religion or monarchy. With capitalists as the hub of power in the society, the masses were only bound to revolt, especially as the people shifted towards self-empowerment in the aftermath of both the French and American Revolutions. Scientific socialism shows how societies have become increasingly supportive of individual rights and freedoms, and that while capitalism may be superior to slavery and feudalism, it is inferior to the tenets of socialism. Capitalism has exploitative elements built into its economic structure, and… Continue Reading...

Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb Contributions to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System

Contributions of Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb to Egypt’s National Development and Banking System Brief Biography Born on 25th November, 1867 in Cairo’s El- Gammalia, Mohamed Talaat Pasha Harb is considered one among the greatest personalities who contributed to Egypt’s overall national growth and development. He studied art, science, economics, literature, and French. After acquiring a law degree, he commenced his career in the role of translator in the Royal Circuits’ Lawsuits Section, responsible for state- owned farmland. Though favoring free enterprise, he was quick to climb the rungs of the career ladder, landing the position of lawsuits section manager (53-75)3.… Continue Reading...

Durkheim and Weber on Sociology

believed what they believed, organized the way they organized, lived as they lived. He examined all the influences of society— religion, economics, politics, culture—and interpreted these examinations in ways that shed light on the human experience and opened the door for still further discussion and interpretation. Weber’s aim was to understand. Durkheim was interested in knowing what people in society were doing, what the facts were, how the collective conscience was manifested in a set of shared beliefs, attitudes and ideas. He wanted to examine the pull and tug between the individual and the collective, the back and forth between… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

their respective economic interests rather than cultivating strong cultural ties. Given the profound differences in religion and culture that characterize the UAE and Japan, this focus on practical goals is readily understandable. Indeed, during his 2013 diplomatic visit to the UAE, the Japanese prime minister cited the UAE’s investment environment which has transformed the small nations from a desert-filled wasteland just a few decades ago into a prosperous, progressive major global business hub that has succeeded in attracting major international companies. In addition, Garcia notes that, “Economic and trade ties were discussed as well as ways to encourage investment,… Continue Reading...

Practices That Best Serve Learners from Diverse Backgrounds

1995). Comparable learning opportunities should be facilitated for students from different cultures. Opportunities for students with different ethnicity, race, religion, appearances and social status must be considered. Rationales should be provided as learning benefits are explained. Teachers should explain to the students how the skills they are acquiring applies in different environments. Student task behavior should be promoted by beginning lessons promptly and transition time between different lessons being minimized. Feedback should be frequently provided to students. Brief feedback can be provided by acknowledging a correct response and providing clues and rephrasing the question to a student who has provided… Continue Reading...

American History Civil War Slavery

tensions, exposing fissures in the society along the lines of culture, ethnicity, religion, race, gender, and socioeconomic class. The causes of the Civil War can be traced in fact to the inability of the original framers to take a firm stance on slavery, and to divest too much of the federal government’s power to the states. At the same time, protecting states’ rights was critical in the late eighteenth century when the nation was born. Rural residents of the new United States did need to ensure that the federal government did not unnecessarily infringe on the rights of the… Continue Reading...

The Islamic State Vice News

of the footage; nor was that their intent. Structure Structural elements addressed in the film include the overarching institution of religion and the theocratic model fo the caliphate, which is the guiding structure of the Islamic State. Interactions Interactions between actors and structures are mitigated by devotion to the cause, a belief in a bipolar reality in which good and evil are eternally pitted against one another. Actors Actors are both foot soldiers and leaders, but each man in the Islamic State has a role to play. Surprising Insights Nothing was surprising, even though the entire video is shocking to watch.… Continue Reading...

How to Explain the Existence Of Evil

satisfactory to reflect on the more challenging aspects of faith and religion. However, that does not mean one shouldn’t reflect on them if one’s life is relatively calm, simple and easy going. One should have a spiritual life and an interior life wherein one can even offer up one’s own tiny, little struggles and make tiny, little sacrifices to assist others struggling more mightily within the great mystical body.[footnoteRef:3] [3: Marilyn McCord Adams and Robert Merrihew Adams, The Problem of Evil (Oxford UP, 1990), 36.] 3. Respond critically (either in agreement or disagreement, but justify your answers) to this… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Inquiries and the Nature Of Science

pseudoscience, philosophical reflection has yielded some other problem areas to be addressed. These include: differentiation between science and religion, how science relates to reliable non-scientific knowledge, the extent of justifiable simplification in scientific programs, the implications of the theory of a supernatural occurrence, and the verification of methodological naturalism (Boudry et.al 2010). All the above listed problem areas, and many others, have not yet been analyzed philosophically (The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2016). References Faye, J. (2012). The role of philosophy in a naturalized world. EuJAP, 8(1). Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/81b0/d7fb6f73907a14b9c5519b171d3f59520bbb.pdf Hawking, S., & Mlodinow, L. (2010). The grand design.… Continue Reading...

The Christian Culture Christianitas and Barbarian Cultures Germanitas

Roman Judaea without any endorsement or state support. It became Armenia’s state religion in 301 or 314, Georgia in 337 and Ethiopia 325.the The Thessalonica Edict saw it develop into the Roman Empire’s state religion in 380 The Roman Empire persecuted Christians between the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD, under the 313 AD Milan Edict and Nero. Licinius and Constantine the Great made Christianity legal in Rome. The state and local government authority were responsible for ad hoc Christians’ persecution in Rome. Persecution of Christians throughout the empire began in 250 AD. It was an indirect impact… Continue Reading...

Is God a Good God

much evil to exist, one must understand the Christian religion. Christ is at the heart of the answer—as Lewis points out again and again. Without a sense of Christ, one cannot ever obtain a satisfactory answer to the problem or question of why so much evil exists in the world today. Bibliography Berthold, Fred. "Free Will and Theodicy in Augustine: An Exposition and Critique."  Religious Studies 17, no. 4 (1981): 525-535. Burns, J. Patout. "Augustine on the Origin and Progress of Evil." The Journal of Religious Ethics (1988): 9-27. Feinberg, John S. The Many Faces of Evil. Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 2004.… Continue Reading...

The Amazing Clara Barton

explain her legacy. Biographical Information Clara Barton was born on Christmas Day in 1821 in North Oxford, Massachusetts. Her family religion was Universalist and she believed in the Universalist doctrine that all people are born saved because a good God would never create a person who could be damned to hell (Pryor, 2018). Perhaps for that reason, she became devoted to others. Barton took after her father and was a patriot at heart: he served in the local militia and she would go on to serve her countrymen during the most dreadful war of its history. Barton’s penchant for nursing came… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

the country, for the citizens and internationally. Sports influencers are judged off of performance rather than skin color or religion; thus, when citizens see different races excel in representation of Israel, it provides the connection and unification the country is in need of. Lastly, government officials are required to enforce the anti-racism laws. When enforcement emphasizes on equality and not undermine the Ethiopian law enforcement officers or disrespect Ethiopian citizens, other citizens will begin to respect their neighbors. Important influences such as celebrities must be open to integrating their work and respecting their coworkers to begin the cycle of… Continue Reading...

Faith Reason and Worship

is what drives people to act deliberately and with consideration. Reason is what faith is based upon. religion is practiced because we have reasons to believe that through divine worship we can draw nearer to God, to reflecting His love, to honoring Him the way He wants to be honored, and to bringing grace to our own souls so that we can get to Heaven. In Colossians 1:9, we are told that we should strive to be filled with spiritual wisdom and understanding. How can this be achieved without the use of reason? It cannot. Reason is as essential… Continue Reading...

Cult Of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity

play no significant role”[footnoteRef:7] in the practice of the Christian religion: elites and the vulgar were one and the same. The breaking of the barrier between Heave and Earth, the living and the dead, as Brown forcefully puts it, was no small thing: it was a tremendous movement and not one that could have spontaneously arisen out of “popular belief” for a number of reasons: 1) the elites and the vulgar shared, generally, the same beliefs and practices—though disputes did arise among some when it came to the finer points of dogma and theology; 2) there was no precedent… Continue Reading...

Defining the Term Morality

put forward by a society or a group (such as a religion), or accepted by an individual for her own behavior, or 2. “normatively to refer to a code of conduct that, given specified conditions, would be put forward by all rational persons” (Gert). Morality, according to Gert can thus be used to refer to a system of morals—i.e., ideas or standards of conduct that people are expected to follow, adhere to, conform their lives to, live by, and so on. Or morality, also according to Gert, can refer to a rational moral order—i.e., a universal sense of right… Continue Reading...

Free Exercise Clause

has been done without discrimination to any of the classes i.e. race, religion, sexual orientation, gender, social status, etc. 5. Legislative aimed at protecting people from themselves Probably the most important duty of any governmental body is to protect lives and property. To this effect, the government has to duty to protect the individual from themselves, even in cases where an action threatens the individual’s life e.g. in the case of a suicide attempt. Additionally, in cases where an activity threatens the life of the individual and other, e.g. driving under the influence, governmental bodies have a duty to… Continue Reading...

Justification Of the State

Many countries that recently experienced conflict and turmoil politically cannot be relied on to provide security for their citizens. One of the common problems in such states is that there are no sufficient manpower resources to offer effective service in the military, police and other such services. In fact, where units of such services exist, they are widely viewed as part of the problem afflicting the people. The reasons for the perceptions are broad. They may be viewed as corrupt or supporting criminal gangs that operate counter to the wishes of the wider society. They may also be tools used… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

Constitution—particularly in the First Amendment, which reads: “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” Thus, there was a direct connection between Voltaire’s promotion of religions liberty (the separation of church and state in Europe) and the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. As Cobbs shows, Jefferson was all for the protection of religious liberty—which he demonstrated in his proposal to protect religious freedom in 1786 (Cobbs). Even the Declaration of Independence was rooted in Enlightenment ideology. Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, for instance, wrote that people had the right “to change… Continue Reading...

Personal Social Status and Culture

Some other factors that determine one's social status include gender, occupation, religion, lifestyle, and education. While culture is usually defined as a way of life of a group of people within a geographical setting, however, there also exists an individual level of culture known as personal culture. Personal culture is usually an expression of one’s personal beliefs or philosophy and perspective on life issues generally. It is usually a reflection of an individual’s upbringing; which is made up of culture, lifestyle and belief system the person is exposed to. Others are gender, history, education, residency location, and disability (“Social… Continue Reading...

Evil and the Holy Cross

is that it does not reveal the whole story or the whole picture of why suffering (evil) exists. religion, on the other hand, does provide that whole story—and depending on the religion, the story will be a little different. Christianity teaches that evil is a result of sin—that it is not something that came of its own into the world or that God created but rather something that His creatures chose of their own free will. The choice to pursue evil (defined as an absence of the good) altered God’s world—or at least man’s perception of it. Prior to… Continue Reading...

Political and Religious Action in the World

The personal is the political. Spiritual values undergird secular norms. It is impossible to totally segregate religion from social engagement. At the same time, fusing religion and politics can be dangerous business. As Massaro (2012) points out, the two most obvious perils associated with the improper blending of Church and State include sectarianism and theocracy. Sectarianism, denounced by the Vatican, refers to deliberate isolation from the world, in self-sustaining and cohesive communities. As attractive as it may be to form religiously minded societies apart from the world, the real work—the hard work of creating the Kingdom of Heaven on… Continue Reading...

Challenges Of Globalization

Abstract  While there are many benefits to globalization, there is no question that globalization can present some real challenges for organizations, management, and workers.  In this article, the author explores some of the common challenges of globalization, including the strategies that people can use to deal with those challenges.  Because globalization is only likely to impact more and more businesses and continue to impact global economic situations, it is important to acknowledge those challenges and make plans for how to deal with them.   Introduction Before discussing globalization it is important to understand exactly what globalization means.  There are actually… Continue Reading...

The Rise Of State and Its Advantages

to evade this disturbing question. According to Harari (2014), our judgement of any given religion largely depends on whether it lowered or raised global happiness levels. Some 2.5 million years back, our ancestors purely relied on stone tools. Come 250,000 years ago, they had come up with crude methods of making food palatable, that is with fire. Scavenging without tools is an old survival technique, as is hunting with technology. Two archaeological discoveries prove this. A red deer skeleton dating 100,000 years old had a wooden spear embedded into it, while another similarly old horse had a stone point… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Leadership Tribal in Ted Talk

of various tribes including those that intersect with ethnicity, socioeconomic class, and religion. My goal is to focus more on the visions, values, and principles that can bring together disparate people from various walks of life and interest groups. I am a tribal leader now, but know that I can be a more effective and highly functioning tribal leader when I aspire to shift focus from Level Three to Level Four. If I want to move my Level Three tribes forward into Level Four, it requires the leaders to engage in gentle nudging of tribal members, as Logan (2009)… Continue Reading...

Postmodern Approaches in Counseling Theory

(2016), gender, race, ethnicity, social class, sexual orientation, beliefs, and religion are some of the social constructions that frame storytelling in counseling. Multiculturalism is a potent force that is helping counselors debunk the social constructs that influence people’s experiences. Approaching mental health from an ethnocentric construction, for example, has been identified to enhance the client’s self-esteem and overcome co-dependency relationship. The brevity of the postmodern therapy approach is expedient with the limitations imposed traditional approach that perceives people as abstract, predictive, and free of social context (Shurts, 2015). By moving away from the autonomous approach and integrating the cultural… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Paganism in Beowulf

on the condition that Bertha be allowed to practice her Christian religion without interference from her pagan husband. As Bede points out, the marriage was a success as far as the Church was concerned—for Ethelbert soon converted to the religion of his wife and so too did his kingdom. Thus, the Christian religion spread by way of the rulers of the realm—from the top down. The priests already in the area were not as committed as the missionaries like Augustine and Bede, and while many English wanted to baptized they had to await more zealous prelates to arrive, which… Continue Reading...

A Strong and Clear Boundary Between Church and State

a right to criticize the state. On the other hand, in case the government perceives that a certain religion is practising activities which put the security of the citizens to risk, they have a right to put into practice the appropriate measures (Mendelson, 1962). In the constitution of the United States, the first amendment entails protection of American civil liberties as well as amendment of any law concerning an initiation of a federal or state religion, hindering the freedom of speech, right to assemble peaceably and the freedom of the press. US is deemed to be a religious country… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles

What Culture Means Today Culture is the passing along of values, customs, and ways of behavior that are specific to groups of people. Different races and ethnicities have different cultures. Also, various religions and countries have different cultures. In this sense culture is simply the way that groups of people do things or practice them. People in India, for example, put a lot of spices on their food because it is part of their culture. There are many different important elements of culture. Some of these are the arts including music, visual, and graphic arts. Others involve things like food,… Continue Reading...

Qi Gong Religion and China

better results. Works Cited Liu, Tianjuan. Chinese medical qigong. Singing Dragon, 2010. Penny, Benjamin. The religion of Falun Gong. University of Chicago Press, 2012. Szonyi, Michael. "Secularization theories and the study of Chinese religions." Social Compass 56.3 (2009): 312-327. Ross, Stephanie Maxine. "Qigong: an ancient healing tradition." Holistic nursing practice 23.6 (2009): 370-371.   Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

over the years. My own moral development occurred through the lens of the Christian religion. However, there is much in Christianity that is universal. The ideology of my framework, for example, is that the Golden Rule is basically an ideal that has translated well across all cultures and that all people find is a good rule no matter where they are. I have applied this framework throughout most of my life but not always with perfection. Developing the framework is certainly not the same as living by the ethical principles that underline it. Practice, however, does make perfect and… Continue Reading...

How Socialization Affects a Person

family and start focusing more on technology or mass media or peers or school or religion for socialization. Family is probably the most important agent of socialization in the younger stages of development, but once the individual begins to have a sense of independence, that socialization process kicks over into a different direction and the individual wants to be more accepted in other groups than just one’s family. So a church group or a school group or a work group or a street group or any other kind of group might be more appealing to the person and so… Continue Reading...

Feudalism in Europe and Japan

of the society while real power was exercised by feudal leaders i.e. daimyo. Role of religion and Life of Peasants in Both Regions religion played a critical role in medieval Europe and Japan with regards to the emergence of the feudal system. In Japan, a religious leader i.e. emperor constituted one segment of the society’s political leadership. Japanese revered their emperor since they believed that he acted as the link to the past and to the gods. Therefore, medieval Japan placed significant emphasis on religion through reverence of the emperor. In Europe, the Roman Empire acted as the central… Continue Reading...

Why the Beatles Were Loved

levels of success. Harrison and Lennon took to Eastern religion. Lennon would be assassinated before long by Mark David Chapman. Yet the legend of the Beatles would live on. They were considered the quintessential pop band: they defined the genre, made it what it was, pioneered all the modern pop sounds. In emotional terms, they handled their success rather well. No one fell into drug use or committed suicide. No one wound up in jail. They became disillusioned with what they could do musically as a band, each wanting to explore different approaches to music. However, prior to their… Continue Reading...

Emotional Development Of Children

on technology or mass media or peers or school or religion for socialization. Inherent in each of these agents, however, is an aspect of culture. Family is probably the most important agent of socialization in the younger stages of development, but once the individual begins to have a sense of independence, that socialization process kicks over into a different direction and the individual wants to be more accepted in other groups than just one’s family. So a church group or a school group or a work group or a street group or any other kind of group might be… Continue Reading...