Religious Essays


Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

multiplicity in global theologies; however, one needs to perceive this as an indication of religious strength, and not a compromise or a weakness. In Rowland's crisp words, North American must learn to become part of an interpretative community (1999, p.10). How can one speak about a Lord who is revealed to humanity as love within a reality that is marked by oppression and poverty? From the liberation theology standpoint, the foremost step is contemplation about Him and practicing His will; only in the next moment can one think about Him. In other words, the Almighty's veneration and doing His… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Confucius on Virtue

view is restricted to the sacred Zhou li. These are the rules that govern religious ceremonies; while Aristotle's ethos, are the existing social norms. Aristotle believed that a human being must fit into the society he is born in and conforms to social norms. He concurs with his counterpart on the point that cultivation of ethical virtues follows mere compliance with the existent social decorum and norms. He agrees that the existing rules may even be in conflict and not necessarily good. Similar social contexts often manifest a variety of definitions for what's right or wrong. Norms, governments and… Continue Reading...

The Book Of Tobit Review

precis about the work and a critical assessment of its significance in a historical, religious or sociocultural context in the modern times as it relates to second temple Judaism. While the verdict is far from definitive, there is a lot that can and should be seen about the Book of Tobit, what it meant then and what it means in a modern context. The Book of Tobit is held as an important work in certain sects of the Christian church, with the Catholics being the major one. The book, as the title infers, is about a man named Tobit.… Continue Reading...

Political Structures in the Sui, Tang, and Song Dynasties

attacked Central Asia. Moreover, Taizong furthered the nation's economic and social progress by fostering religious tolerance and the seeking of education, reviving civil service, and supporting the arts. Another ruler who effectively contributed to China's socio-economic and political arenas was Wu Zhao, a former concubine of Taizong, who ascended the throne under the name of Empress Wu. The sole woman to rule China as Empress, Wu reigned between 660 and 705 C.E. (first as regent and subsequently as Empress). A majority of (largely-male) Confucian historians regarded her as an ungrateful opportunist, but she made valuable contributions including granting significant… Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

A number of fresh research works on the subject of social bonding have taken religious commitment into account as well. This is normally measured in terms of religiosity or how far a person displays a sincere respect for his/her religion, and its practices and values (Durkin et al., 1999; Chriss, 2007). Involvement is the third social bonding component; it deals with the time an individual devotes to conforming activities, like taking part in sports or clubs, or completing school work. Social bonding theory claims that those who devote their time to conformist activities will simply lack the time to… Continue Reading...

The Cost Of Freedom

a strict government, a deranged dictator, or a highly religious society, people have seen their freedoms limited to varying degrees. The United States has been built upon the idea that freedom should be a basic right. While the country has seen its fair share of battles, with itself and with outsiders, it has maintained this very ideal throughout its history. What is freedom and liberty? Why is it so important that people would risk their lives to maintain certain freedoms? To begin analysis of these two words, I will present my own definition of freedom and liberty followed by… Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

strict provisions regarding civil liberties as they relate to the the media, speech, and religious freedom. In forms of government that are not democratic, these liberties do not exist or, if they do so, are extremely limited in how people can utilize them. Subsequently, the constitution in the Bahamas plays an integral role in the democratic process in this country (The Commonwealth, 2016), and remains one of the immutable means by which a country with a monarch is able to effect democratization. There is another distinguishing trait of democratization that is reflected in the political process in the Bahamas,… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

of heroin than in individuals residing in a locality packed with heroin users. Having particular childhood religious or spiritual practices constitutes a protective factor, even if the parents in these Caucasian homes consume heroin. There is a great likelihood of children with opiate-reliant developing other serious psychopathology issues like depression, attention and anxiety disorders. They also risk having deteriorated family, social and academic functioning. Childhood psychopathology, which is primarily characterized by anxiety, depression and attention disorders, is also seen to lead to future use of, and addiction to drugs such as opiate. A large percentage of opiate-dependent Caucasian persons… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

top of that, if someone wishes to not work on Sunday due to religious objections, there are protections in place for people like that. The fifth section of the ERA relates to some life events that an employee may not be punished for if and when they arise. These life events include jury service, certain health and safety cases, working on Sunday (as mentioned above), working time cases, trustees for pension schemes, employee representation and a few others. As was mentioned before, employees have a right to make a complaint to employee tribunals so as to resolve disputes and… Continue Reading...

Lecture Xx by William James

William James finds that religious experience is useful on the whole, even amongst the most vital mankind's biological operations, but he also says that this does not make it true. Nevertheless, James presents his own belief, which he does not claim to prove, that religious experiences connect us with a greater, or further, reality not accessible in our normal cognitive relations to the world. The further limits of our being plunge into an altogether other dimension of existence from the sensible and merely understandable world:"Unquestionably, some men… Continue Reading...

Covenant Of Exodus and How to Preach It

nature than any other of its kind. The covenant is not only religious or spiritual in nature, but it is also political with direct social and economic impact on the people. With the covenant, the people are empowered and united under a common rubric. The Sinai covenant also differs from Hittite and other ancient Near Eastern covenants in its ability to permeate common law and not simply remain within the province of priests. The Pentateuch becomes law under the new covenant, solidifying Jewish cultural and political identity. Preaching to Christians about the covenant outlined in Exodus can be tricky,… Continue Reading...

Abraham As Paradigm in the Priestly History in Genesis

individuals, who lived on after the 586 B.C. disaster, a religious foundation to reconstruct their lives on. In more specific terms, the part of Priestly History revolving around Abraham's life aimed at providing a model or paradigm for individuals who returned to Judah or wished to do so, after the Babylonian Empire's collapse in 539 B.C. This paper will examine the teachings explored by Blenkinsopp for the exiles' consideration with respect to their expected relations with "outsiders" since the 597/86 deportations (Blenkinsopp, 2009). The Teachings on the Relations between Returned Exiles and Outsiders In the article's 4th chapter titled… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

of free speech and association rights, and limitation of religious freedom. While these actions were necessary to help prevent another attack, they are inappropriate since they compromise civil rights and checks and balances established in America's democracy. The federal government would have taken less drastic measures through reordering priorities of law enforcement instead of generating fundamental changes in law. Week 5: Discussion In the American judicial system, the Supreme Court reviews very few cases most of whom are appeals from lower courts. It should not be mandatory for the Supreme Court to review more cases despite having appellate jurisdiction.… Continue Reading...

Use Of Self Images in Baroque Art

idea of portraiture's nature.[footnoteRef:4] [4: Ibid] The artist has carried over his religious artworks' spiritual aura into the later self-portraits using the very means that may be termed a psychology of light. Shade and light do not conflict with one another in the 1660 portrait. Rather, they merge subtly and softly, and the reconciliation generates the pictorial equivalent of serenity. The prevalent ambience may be considered one of quiet meditation of logical acquiescence or reflective recall; in fact, through silence, one can hear an entire array of emotions. Rembrandt portrayed himself as a strong and dignified personality -- the self-portrait… Continue Reading...

Renaissance and Rise Of Humanism in Painting

a perfect illustration of the complex formula of Renaissance religious symbolism and naturalistic beauty that characterized the works of art at this time. It tells the narrative story found in Matthew 17:24-27 in which Jesus and His disciples come to Capernaum and are told that they must pay the tribute. Jesus asks Simon Peter whether the children of the king or strangers pay the tribute. Peter answers that strangers pay it. Christ then asserts that the children of the king are thus to be considered free and instructs Peter to catch a fish in the sea, open its mouth… Continue Reading...

Civil Rights and Religion

Federalism and religious Freedoms: The Importance of and the Adherence to the Separation of Church and State in a Multicultural Environment Although it is clear that many religious concepts were embedded into the original drafting of the Constriction and the Nation's laws, maintaining a separation of church and state in the official capacity allowed the country to prosper in many ways. Having civil laws that govern beyond religious controls allows for a level of stability that can accommodate many difference ideologies. Federalism and religiousContinue Reading...

Rubens, Caravaggio, and Bernini Baroque Artists

main purposes of the Baroque artists, as the presenters point out -- to inspire religious faith. The video is very helpful for giving background information on Bernini, on his deep religious convictions, which helped him to present St. Teresa's vision with such power. The angel smiles as he directs an arrow towards Teresa's heart; she represents the agony and love that underlines the relationship between God and man. The work elegantly realizes this relationship. Bernini: "David" Bernini's David represents David facing off against Goliath -- but unlike Michelangelo's David, where the young future King is tall, erect, confidant, reflective… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

and failures, violent schisms, world wars, imperialism, terrorism, irrational nationalism, extreme religious war, information overload, pollution and the threat of nuclear annihilation that indicate failure of the rational model promised by the Enlightenment. On the premise of this dichotomy of hope and failure, this essay critically demonstrates the failure of the Enlightenment project, especially from a social and moral perspective. The essay particularly considers how Enlightenment has led to the destruction of morality. In his book, After Virtue, Scottish philosopher Alasdair Macintyre presents a strong assertion that the Enlightenment project has not succeeded in fulfilling its promise and has… Continue Reading...

Dome Of St Peters Basilica

Brunelleschi's Architecture The religious architecture of Filippo Brunelleschi in Florence in the early 1400s established a new Renaissance aesthetic by blending religious symbolism with mathematical and classical principles that he drew from visits to ancient ruins of Rome as well as from Vitruvius' De Architectura. This paper will describe how Brunelleschi's unique blend inspired a new movement in Renaissance architecture -- a movement that began with the Dome of the Florence Cathedral and stretched through to the production of the Dome of St. Peter's Basilica under Michelangelo, whose… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Brown Vs Board Of Education

include better opportunities for African-Americans, better opportunities for women, better chances for religious minorities, legal remedies for those being discriminated against and a clear basis that lower courts could use to demand that racism and sexism, among the other things covered, will not be tolerated. Indeed, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was one of the most quintessential examples of racist or incomplete state laws being quashed. In a similar, albeit lesser, way, affirmative action programs have inserted people of color and minority status into positions that they would not have gotten on their own accord and thus this… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality

from an ethnicity, race, socioeconomic class, sexual orientation, gender or religious standpoint. Indeed, differences can divide with people that have the wrong understandings and backgrounds and those people need to be taught how to do the opposite. However, to just stop there is a bad idea and the lessons that can be taught should be levied by businesses and other organizations as needed. The California Board of Psychology notes that "the perpetuation of racism affects the mental health of all in our society and it is important intervention strategy to address deleterious societal issues. One could just as easily… Continue Reading...

Modern Corporate Social Responsibility

high-level standards about discrimination and the treatment of people from differing background including along racial, ethnic and religious lines, just to name a few. Further, the disabled should absolutely be included in the scope of this question and the wider discussion about diversity and so forth. However, the law can only go so far and there will be people that will abuse and misuse the law if it is too harsh. Beyond that, there is plenty of power when it comes to the idea of being an advocate and change agent that favor the disabled and corporate social responsibility… Continue Reading...

Byzantine Art from the Middle Ages

medieval world came at a time when European Christendom was expanding its custodial religious shield, so to speak, about the continent. The architecture of the cathedrals, the stained glass windows, the ornate altar pieces, and the stylized woodwork all indicated in elaborate and grand ways the glory of God. Yet, as art, religion, society, politics and travel began to increase and grow at this time, the mendicant orders appeared like a salve -- a reminder of the need for Christian society to be humble, to be charitable, to be Christ-like and simple. The new style and format for art… Continue Reading...

Theoretical Perspectives and Organizational Practices

study. It encompasses differences in not only race, ethnicity, gender and age, but also sexual orientation, religious background, political inclination, geographic origin, disability, as well as personality. More importantly, there is need for more empirical evidence to validate the relationship between diversity management and organizational outcomes. Even so, the study makes a valuable contribution to the literature on the relationship between diversity management and organizational outcomes. Overall, Soni's (2000) and Pitts' (2009) studies provide important implications for practice. In today's world, no organization, regardless of size or sector/industry of operation, can afford to ignore the topic of diversity. Organizations… Continue Reading...

African Masquerade Significant Thoughts

African Masks Masquerades are found in virtually all African civilizations, particularly those that are indigenous to this region of the world. Not surprisingly, these masquerades have different forms of significance for different cultures. Nonetheless, there are some basic cultural similarities pertaining to these rituals that transcend individual cultures and pertain to African deployment of this concept as a whole. Firstly, the definition of the very term masquerade can include "a masking performance, a masked performer, or the character embodied by the mask itself" (Uzo, 1997). Moreover, there is an element of spirituality that is strongly associated with this tenet of… Continue Reading...

Workforce Diversity

In addition, organizations deal with a more diverse workforce in terms of racial and ethnic background, religious inclination, geographic origin, as well as age, gender, and sexual orientation (U.S. Department of Commerce and Vice President Al Gore's National Partnership for Reinventing Government [NPR], n.d.). This has presented both challenges and opportunities for individual workers. The individual worker now has an opportunity to interact with individuals from diverse backgrounds, which is crucial for enhancing their diversity skills. Nonetheless, communication differences can be a major challenge. Understanding how individuals from dissimilar backgrounds communicate and putting across one's message in a manner… Continue Reading...

Role Of Women in Developing Culture in Nigeria

Delta's women were in charge of the songs, dances and music that were a part of religious activities and festivals (Attoe, 2002). Yet another area wherein women of pre-colonial Nigeria had a central part to play was politics. This was an age wherein division of labor and the African societal system were in place. Nigerian women as women chiefs took part in governance and politics; they also achieved this by means of age grades and first daughter authority. Colonialism, however, suppressed and destroyed these age-old local institutions, replacing them with the 'alien' institutions of formal education, religion, etc. Women… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

of expenditures and current accounts, because expenses necessitate tracking against the set budgets. Being religious adversely affects overview but is positively linked with financial management. References Antonides, G., de Groot, I. M., van Raaij, W. F. (2011). Mental Budgeting and the Management of Household Finance. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32: 546-555. Hilgert, M. A., Hogarth, J. A. (2003). Household Financial Management: The Connection between Knowledge and Behavior. Hein Online. Continue Reading...

Former Prophets

secrecy and under-appreciation; the Bible's standing as a work of religious literature also played a part. The Scripture's status implied its interpreters gave low priority to its literary form, despite having been keen on moving to any specific passage's meaning or content. 7. What is inspired? The meaning of "inspired" in this context is that the Lord's own presence, purpose, and will have figuratively been "breathed" via these texts. This kind of claim does not have to lead to a literalist idea of His spirit directly dictating the text, as if whispering in a human's ear. Clearly, the argument… Continue Reading...

‘araby’ by James Joyce

religion also plays an important role here. The street is also described as filled with religious people; the description of the boy's home and the street gives the reader a feeling of age old past and a present that smells of the dead. The narrator mentions the boy's house where a priest had died in the drawing room indicating that religion constraints the freedom of the worshippers and is an obstacle for sexuality for the people. This is the first important connection between the plot and the setting which depicts the despair, confusion and sadness of the boy. Joyce… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

big secrets of his father. He interpreted his circumstance from a religious standpoint, believing God wanted him to become an "exception," sacrificing his love and the bliss of marriage (Evans, n.d.). Even after severing ties with Regine, Soren loved her intensely; she featured in his thoughts and his personal journals throughout his life. Considerable proof exists of Soren's written works, particularly his first books, being, in a way, a means to express his thoughts and feelings to Regine. It was his broken engagement that truly gave Soren the freedom to pursue his career as a writer, and from 1843… Continue Reading...

Godbeers Salem Witch Trials

holy and demonic century the 1692 Salem Witch hunt showed just how much religion and religious belief permeated society. Several were accused and executed for witchcraft in Salem. While many of the accused were just victims of an overzealous society, the Salem Witch Trials remain as part of an unforgettable part of American history. Richard Godbeer's Escaping Salem: The Other Witch Hunt of 1692, take another look at the events of 1692 Salem, but from a different, refreshing perspective. The book notes of the dramatic change in early New England's legal system because of the witch trials. The people's… Continue Reading...

A Students Guide to Liberal Learning by Schall

with the current educational structure. However, there are others, who "either from their family, religious, or educational background or common-sense experience will begin to detect that all is not well in the academy or in the culture or, for that matter, in one's own soul" (p. 16). Largely, the author gives some consideration to the insufficiencies of the present-day university education and offers the disgruntled and dissatisfied university student, or any adult serious regarding life, a cure that is three-pronged. The manuscript by Schall can be best delineated as a twelve-phase program for higher education. To begin with, it… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

or experience all of them. Interactions between psychological, economic, cultural, legal, ethical, religious, spiritual and biological factors influence sexuality (Ilkkaracan & Jolly). The Link between Gender and Sexuality The Institute of Development Studies defines gender as the widely shared set of norms and expectations linked to the way men and women, and boys and girls, behave or ought to behave. While 'sex' is mainly biological, gender is all about the social constructs on the roles, activities, attributes and behaviors the sexes should have or do. These expectations aren't fixed, but continually change as the power dynamics in social relationships… Continue Reading...

Bringing Life to Art

(Christiansen, 2016). Moreover, the epoch during which the painter created was one in which religious works were extremely popular. The artist created the bevy of his paintings at the end of the Renaissance, when religious themes were commonly found in the works of artists. An excellent example of this proclivity of de Boulogne is found in Christ Driving the Merchants from the Temple. The religious significance of this work is underpinned by the title. Nonetheless, it is important to realize that in this depiction, as in some of his other ones, the figure of Christ is extremely realistic. Many… Continue Reading...

Germany and the Holocaust

social pressures, or other human, social, political, economical and/or religious elements may have a played a part. Thus, it is not fair to dismiss either Goldhagen or Browning in their arguments -- for to at least some degree both may be said to have a point. Each one highlights an aspect of the underlying tensions in Germany at the time; however, as Bergen argues, it is important to remember that history is never easily or simply construed. Indeed, Browning himself argues that human behavior is "a very complex phenomenon" and that the historian who attempts to explain indulges in… Continue Reading...

Obtaining Informed Consent in Ontario

on a ventilator as they saw it to be an unethical elongation of life. The family argued that Rasouli's religious beliefs would be violated if the ventilator was unplugged so Rasouli's wife refused to give consent to remove the ventilator. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that doctors have to gain consent from a substitute decision-maker when a patient is incapacitated -- though the court did not say that families necessarily serve as that substitute. The substitute, the Court said, should be judged according to the Health Care Consent Act and should act in accordance with the legal duties… Continue Reading...

Renaissance Painting Leonardos Last Supper

one another on one side of a long table covered like an altar by white linen. (There is a religious significance to that linen as represented by the movement of Christ's hands in the portrait -- but this shall be described shortly). The viewer, on the other hand, is left standing, looking up at the painting -- outside the perspective given the picture by Leonardo (the vanishing line passes through Christ, whose head is at the center of the picture -- but the line of perspective itself passes over the head of the viewer in real life if he… Continue Reading...

Treatment Modalities for Act and Ipt

the direction of the scientific underpinnings of ACT. If, however, the patient is from a religious background and has rigid worldviews, it is certainly possible that ACT is not for them. If the patient needed to use ACT because of a formal or court-ordered recommendation, then as a therapist I would be able to "sell" the practice best by drawing a connection between the patient's religion and the tools and techniques of ACT. I might need some time compiling my "pitch," but I would eventually be able to convince a noncompliant, rigid minded patient that their religious values and… Continue Reading...

Legal Status Of the Fetus

from the realities of the time. They think that such people are showing symptoms of religious dogma that is irrational. They may also be victims of misleading sloppy sided philosophical arguments. Serious writers on the topic are of the view that the issue of whether it is right or wrong to carry out abortion is dependent on whether it is right or wrong to end the life of a fetus (Marquis, 1989). Efforts by both sides to cement their positions are met by more obstacles. The opponents of abortion will take the stand that killing a human being is… Continue Reading...

History Of Old Testament Prophets and Kings

in the Biblical narrative. This shows the close connection between religious and political power in ancient times, as well as the direct ways prophets could influence the reputation of monarchs and the decisions that those monarchs might make. Prophets continued to influence monarchs by claiming to know the word and will of God. 2. How could prophets make or break a king? As Coogan (2011) points out, one of the main functions of prophets was actually to designate a "divinely chosen ruler," which is why prophets are depicted as being present at coronation ceremonies (p. 302). Kings needed to… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

a combination of established codifications of moral conduct, such as those embedded in political documents or in religious scripture, but also from my personality, my upbringing, and my worldview. I tend towards a utilitarian point-of-view, in that I do believe that the consequences of actions are more important than worrying about whether an action is inherently right or wrong. I also believe that there are situational variables that make true deontological ethics almost impossible to apply universally and without hypocrisy. Although I make some decisions based on the principle of doing the maximum amount to good for the maximum… Continue Reading...

Aztec and Pre Aztec and Inca Civilization

Inca religious beliefs impacted the layout of their cities and the planning of their architectural design and the design of their public spaces. The same is true for the Aztecs, who stressed the importance of astronomy in layout and design. The situation of the site in relation to its natural surroundings was also critical in both cases, perhaps more so for the Incas, who constructed Machu Picchu at a high altitude and rugged, undulating, uneven terrain. Hierarchies were heavily embedded in Inca… Continue Reading...

Islam Developing Trade Routes in Africa and Asia

as kola nuts, salt and ivory. North Africans in turn provided administrative and religious services. They also came with horses from their area, Asian spices, as well as educational books from Bukhara, Baghdad, and Kairouan. Slaves were not a major trade item between Africans and Arabs, as European authors sometimes state. In fact, Omani merchants began to compete with Europeans for East African Bantu slaves between the 1600s and 1700s (Ahmed). Trade had a greater role than any Arab migration or expedition in introducing the Islam religion to West Africa. Some of the significant centers for trade include Tahert… Continue Reading...

Joseph Andrews Novel by Henry Fielding

.....along, how are you reacting to "Joseph Andrews," on its own? As I am reading along, I am thoroughly enjoying the comedy elements in Joseph Andrews, and the way the plot moves along swiftly. The title character is interesting, in that he is the antithesis of the stereotypical male who cannot resist the charms of a woman and who wants to seduce women. On the other hand, Joseph is the one who resists the charms of women. He is committed to the love of his life, Fanny. I also like the fact that Mrs. Booby goes to any lengths to… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

aids them in embracing diversity and collaborating effectively with individuals hailing from different backgrounds (whether cultural, linguistic, religious or economic) (O'Neill, 2016). Cultural competency indicates non-tolerance of discrimination as well as acceptance of, and respect to, all owing to their differences. Nobody is viewed as superior or inferior. It indicates an all-encompassing, dynamic company culture. The aforementioned introductory section, and consequently, the paper, is largely derived from Rice's 2010 work. The author has put forward a balanced, holistic summary of procedures and policies to achieve public organizational ethnic/racial diversity, focusing strongly on improving public sector diversity management. The book… Continue Reading...

Murder Inc Book Compared to Gangs Today

American crime landscape underwent a complete transformation under an all-star gang of thugs, garrotters, and snipers. Ethnic and religious diversity was evident in its members. A majority of them hailed from New York City itself, chosen from its toughest neighborhoods, including Ocean Hill, Brownsville, and Flushing. The exorbitant amount of crime they perpetrated led the media to name them "Murder, Inc.."This merciless gang, considered the innovation of Meyer Lansky, Bugsy Siegel, and other elderly gangsters, was quick to catch the entire nation's attention, and made headlines across the country for more than twenty years. Graham Bell highlights the sinister… Continue Reading...

Hindu Life Cycle Experience and Way Of Life

name legally changed from Leslie Smith to Leela Smith. Her religious conversion was formally completed in December of the following year. She handed her apostasy statement to her local priest, who said he would formally release her from Catholicism, but had second thoughts and claimed he was told by the Bishop not to sign her release (which wasn't true; the Bishop wasn't in town to take the priest's call). She approached a second priest (this time in her birthplace), who although considerate, refused to release her. In some weeks, she contacted the Bishop himself, who assured her the first priest… Continue Reading...

Buddhist Versus Hindu Architecture

Buddhist vs. Hindu religious Ideals in Art and Architecture Although Buddhist and Hindu art may appear to be the same to the eyes of an untrained observer, they are products of entirely different religious traditions. While Buddhism has its origins in India, it quickly spread outside of the birthplace of its founder, Siddhartha Gautama and gained greater traction elsewhere, including China and Japan. Buddhism also split into two distinct traditions, that of Theravada and Mahayana, the former of which emphasized the monastic tradition of strictly adhering to the teachings… Continue Reading...

African Slave Trade

with a novel class of spirit, having the capacity to be appropriated as the ruling class's religious sphere. The religious link became even more tempting for Kongo's kings as Iberian Christianity legitimized the sort of monarchy they aimed for -- centralized monarchy over subordinated hierarchical aristocracy (Ehret, 2002). Political Effects Between the 1570s and 1620s, Luanda-based Portuguese slowly and randomly extended power over the kingdoms of Matamba and Ndongo. Initially their relation with these kingdoms was largely combative; however, slowly, they were able to gain purchase in the coastal area and develop political influence, especially at Ndongon king, Ngola's… Continue Reading...

Cross Cultural Impact Of China on Vietnam Today

aspects of Chinese culture and society, including its political theories, academic standards, administrative practices for government operation and religious orientations. As a result, Vietnam became sinicized long before other regions in Southeast Asia that are now a part of China. It is important to note, though, that this dependency on China also served to create a sense of national identity in the Vietnamese people. For instance, the author notes that, "Chinese rule gave the Vietnamese people -- through the imposition of Chinese social, bureaucratic, and familial forms -- a cohesion that guaranteed their permanence, on the eastern edge of… Continue Reading...

Vietnamese History Throughout the Centuries

classes of society. On the lowest rung were the peasants. Then there were the religious people (Buddhists). Finally, the aristocracy. There was a small scholarly class too. Due to the success of wet rice agriculture, there was an increase in wealth and prosperity throughout the Dai Viet, marked by increased trade with neighbors, increased stability, and even trade with the Song dynasty At this point, interaction with Southeast Asian neighbors, such as the kingdoms at Angkor and Pagan (Myanmar), was peaceful and based on trade. That peace did not last very long. Dai Viet, Champa, and Angkor fought between1120-1210… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

to reach out for help for constant depression and limited social interactions with those outside her religious affiliation. Mila's problem occurs during the fifth stage of psychosocial development i.e. adolescent, which is sometimes characterized by identity versus role confusion problems. Changing Mila's identity/role confusion issues during her adolescence would entail giving her opportunities to explore greater independence. In this case, I'll encourage Mila to engage in different social situation beyond her religious upbringing and increased interactions with people from different backgrounds. This will have considerable impacts on Mila's psychological development into adulthood by enabling her to develop her own… Continue Reading...

Book Review Of Bethany Moreton’s “to Serve God and Walmart

Walton to an international retailing giant. The author goes beyond readers' expectations to include Walmart Country's religious, social, and cultural history (the term 'Walmart Country' would refer to its politically charged birthplace and surroundings of East Oklahoma, north-western Arkansas, and south Missouri). It is a place where the retailer's customers, supervisors and staff collaborate with missionaries, evangelical housewives, and pastors, within a doctrine of free enterprise and community service. Moreton has penned an in-depth and captivating analysis of the popular global retail giant, America's largest private-sector employer, and the largest global public company. Through an elaborate case study, the… Continue Reading...

Core Values at Zappos

course (Tobin, 2013). Sometimes, a mindset that is rife with spirituality (even non- religious) and the use of workshops and other similar programs can be enlightening and helpful. Regardless, corporate greed and other improper qualities and traits should be avoided (Dhiman & Marques, 2011). As for correlations to the LEAD text, there are many that could and should be made and they will be done in the order that the chapters are cited in general. The second chapter speaks about traits and the one big one that can be tied to the above is integrity. Honesty and integrity go hand… Continue Reading...

Todays Strategic Human Resource Management

of 1964. It is prohibited for a company to discriminate against an employee for their religious affiliation and the company must accommodate to a reasonable level needs of an employee based on their religion, such as provisions for religious holidays, prayer times, or other similar prescriptions. Theses legal boundaries have created a safe environment for people of all walks of life to be both relaxed and productive in the workplace. In my own workplace we have a diverse group of employees who feel safe and respected. Organizational Flexibility Research has shown that a flexible workplace has many advantages. In… Continue Reading...

Self Incrimination and Right to Counsel Approach

The idea of remaining silent when faced with accusation has historical religious and legal roots. Moses teachings', transformed to written form by the ancient Talmudic law had a complete ban on self-incrimination. The self-incrimination law could not be changed because it was viewed to contravene the natural instinct for survival. The ancient common law rule also had it that confusions must be voluntary. When the right to remain silent was included in the Fifth Amendment of the U.S. constitution, it was tied to a complicated and controversial history. The Supreme Court has applied three tenets in… Continue Reading...

Exegesis Of Revelation 3: 14-22

leave believers' side. Merely professing Christians or unbelievers behave without Jesus's righteousness. Every moral or religious deed done without Christ is nothing but a "filthy rag" (Isa. 64:6). To believers, this is without the Spirit's fruit -- Jesus's true nature. It implies hypocritical religion. Brief for a non-theologically trained audience The world and the devil try to make us feel our good life suffices and is everything we require and desire. We watch "Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous," game shows, and other reality TV episodes in which people are winning large sums of money. We follow raffles and… Continue Reading...

Gender Identity in Life Span Development

awkward topics for discussion for both the social worker and client, owing to potential personal, religious and cultural taboos of both parties. Therefore, it is imperative for me, as a social worker, to place my client's comfort above my own (Irvin & Mckay, 2013). Bibliography Dunk, P. (2007). Everyday Sexuality and Social Work: Locating Sexuality in Professional Practice and Education. Social Work and Society International Online Journal. Hawkes, G. and Scott, J. G. 2005: Sexuality and Social Theory, in: Hawkes, G. & Scott, J. G. (eds.) Perspectives in Human Sexuality. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Irvin, J., & Mckay,… Continue Reading...

Adolescent Development

this paradigm is the use and discussion of abstinence-only education. There are indeed religious and moral implications when it comes to sex. However, many hold that partitioning off talk about contraception and the reality that many teens have sex even when the adults around them try to keep them from doing so is less than wise in terms of teen pregnancy, the spread of sexually-transmitted disease and so on. Just as with the other topics mentioned in this brief literature review, there is not a single way that seems to be entirely effective and that addresses the concerns of… Continue Reading...

Islam and the Turkish State

state since that point. Turkey's demographics -- split between a handful of large, secular cities and a more rural, religious majority population, and Turkey's vision as a balance of power between east and west, are among the chief causes of this tension. This paper will examine this tension further, as it continues to manifest to this day. Brief Historical Overview During Ottoman times, religious law co-existed with civil law. Ataturk, after founding the Republic of Turkey, denied Islam status as the state religion in 1928 as the culmination of reforms that started in 1919 after the defeat of the… Continue Reading...

Death and Faith from Existentialist Point Of View

the other form. It is mostly connected to the religious beliefs or the 'psychic' experiences of a person. People can overcome fear regarding death just with their beliefs. As per Jasper, the Dasein's form of continuation is absurd. He also adds that in such cases 'the terror associated with the state of not being' is gone and 'dying truly' stops at a point. This brings people to a situation where they can seek their true selves. A few issues need to be addressed at this point. Firstly, the belief of Jaspers is false and is not founded till date.… Continue Reading...

Ramayana Mahabharata Divine Incarnation

Free, 2015, "From Gods To Gamers: The Manifestation of the Avatar Throughout religious History and Postmodern Culture." Berkeley Undergraduate Journal 28(2). Available: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/4mn5k202 Woods, Julian F., 2014, Destiny and Human Initiative in the Mahabharata. SUNY Pres. Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis

Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Ammons, S. K. & Edgell, P. (2007). religious Influences on Work -- Family Trade-Offs. Journal of Family Issues, 28(6). 794-826. Ansari, S. A. (2011). Gender difference: Work and family conflicts and family-work conflicts. Pakistan Business Review, 13(2). 315-331. Anthias, F. (2013). Intersectional what? Social divisions, intersectionality and levels of analysis. Ethnicities, 13(1). 3-19. Anwar, M. & Shahzad, K. (2011). Impact of Work-Life Conflict on Perceived Employee Performance: Evidence from Pakistan. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 13(2011). 82-86. Arif, N. & Amir, T. (2008). Adjustment of Married Working Women in Joint Family System. MA… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Nigeria and Boko Haram

rise of global Islamic terrorism provided Boko Haram with tools and resources it used to infiltrate and permeate the religious and social organizations in disenfranchised communities. Boko Haram has offered disenfranchised communities a cohesive, albeit misguided message of self-empowerment. Far from condoning the violent and tactics and extremist politics of Boko Haram, conflict theory leads to viable solutions to the problem. It is hypothesized that the only real and sustainable way of solving the problem of Boko Haram is to address the root causes, the circumstances that gave rise to support for the group and which entrench the group… Continue Reading...

Psychotherapy Using Ipt and Act

indicated what her upbringing was like, and if she has any religious or spiritual values. She is single but likes to have sex with multiple partners, and has not yet indicated if she is heterosexual or bisexual. She has not gone to college. Therapy should help clarify whether the client has had any troubles in school, whether she has underlying career ambitions, and whether she has social support systems. Therapeutic Goals Short-term goals begin with having Jen commit to a course of therapy, and to stop "therapy shopping," at least until she gives one of the recommended treatment plans… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

psychological experiences, and psychological health. By contrast, the element of religion is measured using questions that relate to religious participation, events and undertakings, observance of community or religious code. (Bender 1). The ideal approach to spirituality would be considering it as a means to know the divine. Individual means to do so are, to a certain extent, based on and manifested through religious customs, principles, and groups. It is asserted by some that spirituality constitutes a personal and practical component of religion; given this idea, these individuals propose four means by which religious bodies teach and convey this, as… Continue Reading...

Communicating Effectively for New Couples

even share their nationality or race and stem from generational, socioeconomic class, ability/disability, sexual orientation, religious, dialect, gender and political divisions (Wood, 2011). The two main aspects to note with regard to culture are: cultures change perpetually, and they are related to symbolic aspects in places where people make continuous meaning and enact their identities. Cultural groups inform members of what's of significance or value and members' identity relating to people from other cultures. Culture and gender inform people's choice of vocabulary, facial expressions, and body language in communication. Men characteristically speak less than females and prefer to get… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

Women are still facing insurmountable injustices that have recently progressed due to policy changes on abortion and extreme religious movements. These injustices exist in developed nations as much as developing nations, especially in countries like the United States. A 2012 article detailing a woman's experience in Goldman Sachs, shows the level of discrimination women endured in a male-dominated company. Details of promotions going to men over women regardless of effort and experience was common place. "But Forbes's Helaine Olen raised another possibility: Perhaps Goldman (and other banks) discriminate against their female employees either overtly, through promotions, or through fomenting… Continue Reading...

Pacific Island and Aboriginal Art 1980

the gendered divisions of labor in the society. Rather than depict deities or religious figures, Tongan barkcloth often showed humans in positions of power. The humans were provided with semi-divine status as political leaders, though, important for revealing the mirroring aspect of the cosmos; just as there is a cosmic hierarchical order, there is also a hierarchal order in human affairs. Deities were ordered and structured, and so were the families and kin groups of the communities. There remains tremendous diversity in the social structures and politics of the different islands of Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia but there do… Continue Reading...

Coming Of Age with Bisexuality

for her because the feelings she was experiencing were not only new (and exciting) but abnormal according to her religious upbringing. Given the powerful nature of these feelings for all young people, it is little wonder that Hernandez became increasingly concerned and conflicted about her role in American society, what her cultural background meant for her future, and the emergence of bisexual tendencies. The author relates these points and more when she speaks to a group of teenagers at the request of a community organization. Following some candid admissions concerning her bisexuality and her background, Hernandez is asked by… Continue Reading...

Exegesis Of Pauls Letter to Philemon

himself a prisoner in Christ Jesus and he is quite literally imprisoned within a jail because of his religious beliefs. Paul also regards himself as a willing prisoner who has willingly joined in union with Christ until the end of days. The literal prison takes on metaphorical and metaphysical symbolism in Paul's work as Paul bolsters the spirits of the Christian community. This idea of Christians as free, even free to take on the yoke of imprisonment or bondage is also reflected in Paul's comment that he is "bold enough in Christ to command" Philemon to do his duty… Continue Reading...

Japan and Confucianism in Art and Society

how it came to be viewed. In Josetsu's Three Patriarchs, the three fathers of Japan's main religious beliefs were Confucius, Lao Tzu and Buddha. Separately they did not advance the aim of unity or togetherness in Japan. It was thanks to the Constitution of Prince Shotoku Taishi that two of the main religions were put together to help move Japan forward as a unified state. However, many years past and this union fell apart through in-fighting among the various parts and regions of Japan. A new vision was needed to bring the people back together again. This vision was found… Continue Reading...

How Confucianism Impacted China

foundation for forming one's character. As Hu Shih point outs, "the Chinese people are the least religious among the civilized races...Chinese philosophy has been most free from the domination of religious influences" (Chou 81). This statement reflects the status of Confucianism in China most accurately. Religions such as those that developed in the West stemmed from belief in divine revelation. In the East, such revelations were uncommon, and the vast majority of Chinese recognized in Confucianism a way of thought or a mode of thought that could facilitate them in their ordinary lives and move them toward a better… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

features and factors of identity construction. At times there may be significant nodes of intersection between national, ethnic, and religious identities, leading to multiple and interlinked identity constructions. Gender can also factor in, as can socio-economic or status class differences. For example, South Asian Muslims share a Muslim identity with their Arabian counterparts, but also share a common identity with their Hindu South Asian counterparts (Mohammad-Arif, 2000). Theories of identity formation are often culturally constrained themselves, revealing biases in the way identity itself is conceptualized. For example, as Joshanloo (2013) points out, Western scholarship on identity construction is built… Continue Reading...

The Eucharist and the Laity

Eucharistic Meal There is no greater religious food in the Catholic religion than the Eucharistic Supper that is given at Mass when the priest consecrates the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. This act is called transubstantiation, and for Catholics it is a religious miracle because while the Body and Blood retain the appearance of bread and wine, their substance is believed to contain the body, blood, soul and divinity of Jesus Christ. Those who receive the Eucharistic during Mass and said to consume the… Continue Reading...

Relationship Of Food and Ritual in India

potential to solve its problems easily yet will not because of religious/Hindu ideas that the states want to promote as well as because of bureaucratic, structural obstacles of its own construction. Narrative: "The Ashram" Prajeet, Stalin and Bibiana were walking in the ashram grounds. Prajeet was the only orphan. He came from Madra Pradesh, a few states to the north of Tamil Nadu, where the three children now lived. Originally, Aunty and the other orphans had lived in Madra, but when Aunty became a traditional Catholic sister, she moved the ashram to Tamil to be closer to the traditional… Continue Reading...

Educational Psychology

main religions, moral theorists and particular communities (Huitt, 2004). Families, religious bodies and communities are, thus, duty-bound to teach them to students. Character and ethics development is vital to self-development; preliminary caregivers as well as later teachers equally share this responsibility. Nucci (1989) demonstrated that the moral understanding of pupils weren't dependent on particular religious ideas. Furthermore, religious as well as secular children concentrated on identical basic interpersonal matters associated with understanding and equality (p. 195). To sum up, as parents, teachers, community members and religious bodies' affiliates, we are all responsible for training children in accordance to their… Continue Reading...

Hobby Lobby and First Amendment

First Amendment was challenged about whether it protected the religious beliefs of an employer when it comes to the decision not to pay for insurance meant for contraceptives. The Snyder vs. Phelps case was also related to religious picketing where the issue of sidewalk picketing was under the scrutiny of whether it was outrageous. The WBC church had held a picketing in a funeral and was found guilty of saying outrageous comments in a funeral. However, the Supreme Court of United States in an 8-1 decision argued that the church was constitutionally protected to say whatever they wanted as… Continue Reading...

Gothic Literature in 18th Century England

would come the Romantic Age -- a return, if not to the mystical and religious fervor of the medieval era, then at least to the nostalgia associated with the medieval -- particularly the medieval ruins that dotted the English countryside reminding the natives of an early time, an almost now ancient history, an era where faith had a great deal of influence in political, social, and economic spheres. "Otranto" and Reeve's "Old English Barron" are both set in medieval castles, as is "The Monk," Dracula for some of the tale, and many other gothic narratives. Even Jane Austen would… Continue Reading...

English Protestant Clergy in Literature

glory, and unwavering ability. It would be complete, relying on no foreign bodies (such as the Roman authorities in religious matters), its ships would rule the waves, and its colonies would be a source of wealth. England viewed itself as refined, mannerly, educated, moral, and absolute -- and all of this would be imbibed and projected by the Church of England clergy during this time. Ironically, the writers Fielding, Goldsmith and Sterne do not take as sterling a view of the Church of England clergy as the clergy themselves were likely wont to take. While these authors do not… Continue Reading...

Personal Versus Professional Values

unplanned pregnancy of Eboni. As noted in the case parameters, she herself is spiritual but not overly religious while her parents are both devoid of a religion when it comes to their beliefs. Perhaps the lack of a religious bias helps predict that both Eboni's mother wants the pregnancy terminated. Incidentally, her boyfriend wants the pregnancy terminated as well. There are also the concerns about the roommates at the house. The social worker should only include religion and spirituality to the extent that it is present and a factor in the life of Eboni. Meaning, Eboni needs to make… Continue Reading...

Role Of Faith in Healthcare

religious Sensitivity Everyone on the planet Earth has their own concept of religion, spirituality and what they believe when it comes to both. Of course, those mindsets and perceptions evolve and change over time. They are influenced by life events, exposure to religion exposure to others when it comes to religion and so forth. However, most situations and applications do not call for religion to even be brought up or discussed. Even so, healthcare is absolutely an exception to the norm given that many people rely and… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

and Ida Wells' oft-narrated tale, describing the grid of political, religious, and social relationships linking Chicagoan political reformation and social work. Females typically employed maternalist lines of reasoning to explain their political decisions; however, it was hard to segregate Black females' gender and race-based concerns. Prior to as well as after earning voting rights, black females drummed up support in Chicago's wards to have an African-American representative on the Chicago city council. White-American Women's City Club advocates detested the Black candidate Oscar de Priest, a loathing that was deemed inappropriate by numerous Southside club women. McDonagh, Eileen L., and… Continue Reading...

Chesapeake Middle Colonies Georgia and the Carolinas

fiercest rival in international trade. They welcomed and supported religious and cultural diversity unlike a majority of America's other colonizers from the European continent. The Quakers or individuals who held the belief that it was impossible to know Jesus without fear (trembling or 'quaking') emerged as the most radical and controversial religious community after England's Civil War. Their extremist beliefs included humanity's essentially goodness and their ability to attain deliverance via an emotional, personal spiritual union with God, which would make them His "candle". In the Pennsylvanian colony, the Quakers were on particularly good terms with the Indians; they… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

a traditional culture represented by conservative values and morals (based on religious foundations) exists alongside a modern culture represented by liberal values and new moral codes (based on modern philosophical foundations, such as ideas concerning the self and the will to power). Legalization, from Anderson's point of view, would help to move a country's culture more towards acceptance of prostitution and normalization of the line of work so that the associated taboo was no longer an issue. [2: Scott A. Anderson, "Prostitution and Sexual Autonomy: Making Sense of the Prohibition of Prostitution." Ethics, vol. 112, no. 4 (July, 2002),… Continue Reading...

John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

some instances, such as legalizing gay marriage, any potential harms (supposed infractions of individual's religious beliefs) may seem obviously outweighed by the benefits of according full liberties to gay and lesbian people. But with other decisions, the cost-benefit analysis of the harms of regulation versus not regulating are not so obvious. [5: Ibid.] Of course, Mill himself was cognizant of this fact, as an inhabitant of a capitalist society. Capitalism by its very nature has a divide between the haves and the have nots. Mill supports this, given his view that "there are some actions which harm others, but… Continue Reading...

African Terrorism and Boko Haram

It is hypothesized that Boko Haram has been influenced by other radical groups as well as trans-national religious extremism. Moreover, it is hypothesized that Boko Haram functions as a political opposition group. The theoretical framework used to characterize the political function and focus of Boko Haram is based on social alienation and particularly the Frustration-Aggression theoretical framework as suggested by Omadjohwoefe (2013). Frustration-Aggression theory is related to conflict theory, in that systematic alienation and oppression lead to widespread frustration and despair, and the outlet for that despair is violence. Violence has been normalized within the context of quasi-religious ideology,… Continue Reading...

Incompatibility Between Islam and Human Rights

modern human right law because it does not focus on a particular racial, ethnic, political and religious world. While the UDHR principles have been accepted by non-Muslim countries, the UDHR has been contested in the Muslim countries. Moreover, Muslim states such as Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Iran have challenged the universality of human rights based on the argument that the Sharia law has already guaranteed human rights, thus, UDHR has no relevant. This argument contributes to the on-going debate about the universality of human rights. The Sharia law and human right law are the essential segments used to regulate… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Immigration on Religious Beliefs

Immigration on religious Beliefs Religiosity is far higher in the United States than in other highly developed nations. The likelihood of an American professing a religion and regularly attending services is high. religious participation was a critical component of the process of people becoming Americans as churches were an important pillar in the social structure. Churches support and sustain communities while also facilitating inter-ethnic marriage within the three most significant religious groups: Jews, Catholics and Protestants (Massey and Higgins). Not many immigrants arrive in… Continue Reading...

Terrorist Group Leaders

emanate from minority groups that feel marginalized by the majority mainly on political, social, and religious issues. The minorities then attempt to influence the majority to consider their views and interests. Through persistence, the minority may successfully change or influence the majority. Terrorist leaders use a similar approach. By propagating fear and terror via violence, they communicate a certain message and manipulate commonly held perceptions. They see terror as a way of not only advancing their political and religious demands, but also directing the attention of people to certain issues, which may be real, overstated, or fabricated (Corte, 2007).… Continue Reading...

Life Of Buddha

is during this period, people came to challenge and question Vedic philosophy through a number of new religious and philosophical schools. There was a strong moral vacuum present. • What are the "four passing sights"? The first is an old man that reminded Buddha of aging. The second was a sick person that reminded Buddha of pain and disease. The third was a corpse that reminded Buddha of suffering. The fourth was an ascetic who renewed his faith in finding an end to suffering, thus enabling him to devote himself to asceticism. • What experiences led Buddha to formulate… Continue Reading...

Religion Of Ancient Rome

The Roman people regarded themselves as highly religious. They linked their success as a powerful force in the world to their cordial relations with the gods. The victory by the Romans was essentially a religious occasion in which the generals exhibited their piety and zeal to serve society by dedicating a fraction of their fortunes to the gods. Jupiter was particularly called to attention in such circumstances because he was the god of justice in leadership. Following the Punic wars fought between 264 BC and 146 BC in which Rome fought hard to assert… Continue Reading...

Main Themes in the Film Yentl

follow her dreams despite knockbacks. Yentl obstinately wishes to pursue education in a community where academics, particularly Jewish religious learning, is strictly reserved for males only and is forbidden for girls. Posing as a youth, Yentl, however, flouts all societal rules and prohibitions with the strength of character that goes well with the personality of Barbra Streisand, who is the director, producer and co-writer of this remarkable movie. Although the film is essentially a musical movie, the theme of love is strong as well. Its execution and staging is indeed highly remarkable. Yentl also offers intricate details of the… Continue Reading...

World Religions and Is Confucianism a Religion

Rodney L. Taylor, 'The religious Character of the Confucian Traditions' • Confucianism calls into question the definition of religion. • Confucianism is commonly treated differently from other religious traditions, because it is more about social harmony, ethics, and comportment than about theology. • All religions address ethics, morality, and social codes, and so does Confucianism. Then why is Confucianism not called a religion? • The main reason is that Confucianism "lacks a concept of the transcendent," (p. 80) • Is a concept of the transcendent a… Continue Reading...

Justice Ethics and Political Philosophy Rawls

225). Rawls means that consensus enables universal justice and fairness, but not a justice rooted in religious or moral precepts. A political philosophy like Rawls's that is focused on justice cannot distance itself from universalism, especially given that justice is presented as an ethical goal. Religion and other sources of rigid moral codes have been common bases for law and order in non-democratic, non-secular societies. In constitutional democracies, individual differences are acknowledged and avowed but those differences do not preclude universal consideration based on humanitarian aims. Identity is connected more with personhood than with ethnicity, religion, or personal beliefs.… Continue Reading...

South African Poetry Analysis

unite them in what is clearly another allusion to the religious allegory that underlines the poem -- that of redemption -- here suggested in the juxtaposition of symbols, "angel hair and barbs / dew and hay and hurt," all of which hint at the Incarnation (the Word that is in the beginning -- replace by Krog with seeing). Krog is pointing to the wounds that her country has suffered and like a saint in a religious icon pointing the finger not at the opponent but rather upward towards the divine. The "hay" is where the Word made Incarnate is… Continue Reading...

Ethnic Self Identity

than others. Two main social and cultural influences come into play. The deep involvement in cultural traditions including religious practice, neighborhood and other similar values makes them bond tightly with the wider community and hoists their self-confidence and ethnic identity. Secondly, it is essential that individuals differentiate ethnic identity by contrasting it with negative media messages and treatment from other people belonging to their race and ethnic groups. Usually, such messages are tinged with undesirable innuendos from the perspective of the mainstream society. Models of Ethnic Identity Development There have been many models of ethnic development developed from various… Continue Reading...

Loss Of a Loved One

to talk to about her situation with Christine. Emily stated her parent's religious beliefs prevent them from accepting homosexuals. Therefore, Emily feels she must keep the loss of her loved one a secret from her family for fear they will chastise her for her feelings. She also has not come out of the closet with her friends. While she discussed having some lesbian friends that she may be able to turn to for support, her introverted nature may prevent her from reaching out. Add to that, the decision Christine's family made on behalf of Christine to end her life, and… Continue Reading...

Religion in Ancient Greece

The Greeks were one of the most religious societies in the ancient world. With roots in Minoan culture, West Asian beliefs, and Central Asian gods, religion permeated virtually every aspect of Greeks' life -- from politics and culture to family, morals, agriculture, festivals, games, as well as beliefs about nature and the origin of life (Carr). The Greeks strongly believed that there were invisible, all-powerful gods and goddesses that controlled every occurrence. As a society, therefore, it was important to maintain a good relationship with the gods through prayer,… Continue Reading...

The Meaning Of Life

Life A number of literary, philosophical, psychological, religious and other writers are of the view that the subject of 'the meaning of life' forms one among the most central issues experienced by people. Tolstoy (Rowlands) claims that science is unable to provide assistance in this regard. While it can describe what life is, it is incapable of describing its meaning. It is able to explain the things in this world and what's possible; however, it is unable to explain their meaning and importance. Tolstoy states that faith provides an answer to… Continue Reading...

Isaiah and Suffering Songs in Bible

but thematic verses, the theme of the Servant is explored in depth, suggesting a fundamental shift in religious consciousness regarding the relationship between God and humanity. Whereas the Christian worldview would later ascribe the Servant identity to Jesus, the Jewish worldview views the Servant as being the Jewish people (Brueggeman & Linafelt, 2012). One of the primary unifying themes of the suffering servant songs is the theme of human agency in the world: "God's work in the world is to be enacted by human agency," (Brueggeman & Linafelt, 2012, p. 41). The covenant is thus redefined and renewed in… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

people from different nationalities. Typically, the organization does not discriminate with regards to sex, national origin, race, gender and religious belief. In conformity with employment regulation, the company hires people between 21 years and above However, over 75% of workers at APMTC are between 25 and 55. While the company does not discriminate with regards to sex orientation, the number of male workers outnumber female workers with the ratio of 90% to 10%. However, the company employs people from different nationalities. Work Patterns (hours worked, days worked, shift work etc.) The normal working hours for the organization is from… Continue Reading...

Athenian Women, Politics, and Plays

nature, the modern implications of this debate are truly great. There are profound political, social, economic and religious implications to whether man should follow nature or follow order and law. The Greeks tended to view women as representative of physis -- emotional, strong-willed, passionate; while philosophers promoted nomos -- a way of life dedicated towards achieving the one, the good, the beautiful, the true. In modern times, philosophers like Rousseau and Nietzsche shifted society away from nomos towards physis and nomos became something antiquated: economics, politics, society and religion were all impacted. The West became secular (as it was… Continue Reading...

Confucian Virtues and Gender

followers of Confucianism today represent only a small fraction of the world's total religious community, there are millions of individuals who still follow and practice the teachings of Confucius today. However, with that being said, an argument could be made that before sometime before this period marked the peak of the Confucianism influence in China and its influence plateaued before falling out of favor for the vast majority of intellectuals in China. Thus, it could be said that Confucianism lost its position as the dominant worldview held by the large majority of Chinese citizens as a result of these… Continue Reading...

Systems Perspective and Social Work Practice

the most common factors that affect a person's development and influence his/her present life include religious community, family, lifestyle, job situation, and friends. According to Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2016), clients are usually affected by continuous vibrant interactions with other systems such as family, organizations, and communities. Therefore, a social worker needs to consider systems that interact with a client when addressing his/her needs. An understanding of these systems helps in better evaluation of the client's situation since they either provide support or contribute to the client's current problems. An example of a situation that shows how systems interact with… Continue Reading...

Greco Persian War

peninsular Greece. The Persians led a cosmopolitan force, emblematic of their empire, which had religious freedom, tolerance, and incorporated many cultures. The Greeks, however, were a strong culture in their own right, and resisted the idea of subjugation by the Persians. Darius had requested that the Greeks submit to his rule, but Athens and Sparta agreed to work together to rebuff the Persians (Cartwright, 2016). The Persians had numerical superiority, and had captured a number of Greek islands on their way to the mainland. However, their arrows were light, and largely ineffective against Greek armor. The Greeks held disciplined… Continue Reading...

Why Transcultural Nursing Theory Is Applicable

some cultures patients will not want to be touched, in others patients will have strong religious or social beliefs that may impact how they want to be treated), RNs can adequately administer care to the many different and diverse groups of patients they are sure to encounter. Understanding these differences and applying them in treatment can go a long way in ensuring that both patient and healthcare provider have a positive experience and that everyone comes away from the exchange with respect and appreciation for one another. The article by Maier-Lorentz & Madeline (2008) defines cultural competence as "the… Continue Reading...

Human Development

These may refer to talents, life experiences and goals. Identity may also point to the social, religious, ethnic and sexual groups one identifies with. Self-esteem is about one's evaluation of their self-worth. Erikson referred to the psychosocial crisis at this stage as identity versus role confusion between the ages of 13 and 19 years. As time passes and the adolescents move into adulthood, they begin to think about their adult roles. At the beginning, adolescents, often undergo role confusion. They usually express confusing and mixed ideas as to how they think they fit into society causing them to experiment… Continue Reading...

Modern and Contemporary Literature and Culture

by English writers of Indian origin. While new ideas were being developed, emphasis was placed on religious, socio-economic, filial, and political problems as talking points; these issues captured the national movement sensation and attracted the attention of creative writers. Events like the partition and the resulting communal riots following it, coupled with the problems of caste discrimination, misogyny and the squalor in which the proletariat lived, were the major issues of the time. The clamour raised over these issues is massive, with many budding writers boosting the perception of literature as time passes. This paper seeks to evaluate and… Continue Reading...

Federalism and States Rights Regarding Drugs

inconsistent in what should be state versus federal jurisdiction. For example, some religious conservatives vie for federally illegal abortions or restrictions on civil rights like the proposed Defense of Marriage Act. The War on Drugs was started by a Republican President, Nixon, and strengthened by Republican President Ronald Reagan. As Adler (2014) points out, "So many Republicans who believe it's federal overreach when federal law regulates health insurance or power plant emissions think its just fine when the federal government prohibits the possession of a plant, even where authorized under state law," (p. 1). The federal government has not… Continue Reading...

New Testament and Christianity

adapted to every born human being, born of Adam being the initial sinner. • Fundamentalism: Fundamentalism is a 20th-century religious movement emphasizing on a strict belief in the literal understanding and interpretation of the religious texts. • Heresy: Heresy is a theory that is developed to be at strong variance with any sort of religious custom and beliefs. Heresy is a strong violation that is directed at critical religious teachings and beliefs, and its related general ideas especially held towards Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Q2 Inherent neglect of the traditional adjudications, adoption of new and modern ways of life and… Continue Reading...

Fundamentalism and Evolution at the Scopes Trial

made. Some make that assent -- and others do not. One can certainly be a religious agnostic as much as a scientific agnostic. The question of judgment of persons, however, is best left out of the picture -- for no one really has that good of a hold on the inner mind and heart to cast such judgments. Works Cited Dixon, Thomas. Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction. UK: Oxford University Press, 2008. Print. Ruthven, Malise. Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction. UK: Oxford University Press, 2007. Print. Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

reported an increase in implicit racism and discrimination following September 11th," making the Muslim-American cultural, ethnic, and religious cohort one of the most important populations in America to understand through sociological data (Elashi, Mills & Grant, 2009, p. 379). Discrimination may be related to the dominant or white culture's fear of non-integration of existing or new immigrants and perceived threats to an imaginary cohesiveness of the dominant culture -- something that is ironic given the heterogeneous nature of the United States. Given that 69% of Muslim children in USA attend a public school, it is also important to understand… Continue Reading...

Byzantium and the Roman Empire

undertook social reform by making compulsory services part of the social system. To unify the empire along religious grounds, he attempted to force Christians to embrace the Roman cult. Constantine also made some reforms to try to stabilize the empire. He reversed the policy of Diocletian regarding the Christians with the Edict of Milan, which allowed Christians to worship publicly. He also reversed Diocletian's policy on multiple leaders, doing away with the other Roman rulers). He also moved the capital of Rome to Constantinople and addressed the issue of the currency, which Diocletian had been unable to solve (Constantine… Continue Reading...

African American Culture

to understand what common beliefs are upheld within the African-American population. Understanding their religious beliefs can lead to an overall better delivery of care. A 2016 article on Dementia family care givers, shows not only that African-Americans are affected by dementia disproportionately, but that the family caregivers of Dementia patients experience major rates of physical and psychological symptoms. The results from the survey revealed the need for African-American family care givers to embark on higher levels of self-care and receive education on how to take care of their relatives with Dementia. Analysis revealed 4 key themes: the tradition of… Continue Reading...

Impact Of the Rise and Spread Of Christianity

societies. For example, the religion made an assorted and powerful religious appeal. The belief in one God Almighty and the chance of achieving spiritual union with him, the promise of being redeemed of one's sins and the material world's and the body's evils, the guarantee of residing in heaven in the future, and the religion's spiritual ceremonies and fervor were all influential. Supporters interpreted it spiritually as well as legally. While some accorded it largely Jewish characters, others considered it largely Greek and still others, Oriental, thereby resulting in Christianity addressing itself to diverse temperaments. References Ferguson, Everett. Backgrounds… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

the higher truths (which during the rule of Christendom were intertwined with religious doctrine). [10: Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (London: Foulis, 1913), 182.] The progress of history as interpreted by the philosopher is altered according to the subjective beliefs of the philosopher, who in turn further changes the progression of history. History, as defined by the Old World, had a fixed center -- the Incarnation -- around which all meaning of history revolved. Christ was the centermost point of human history and all progression or regression was determined by one's proximity to Christ -- to what the… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Church and State

of the state. Secular power started mixing up with the religious might and daily endeavors. The new emperor, Constantine started to patronize the then church with gifting and favors which the church had never seen before his rise to power. Constantine edged more towards entrenching Christianity as the official empire or state religion. This was done in systematic and systemic manner, not an instant overhaul to the new system. It was incremental. First it was made clear that it was Christianity that had prevailed in the battle and not any other religion or superstitious beliefs. By the end of… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

and development. Some of the factors that influence an individual's approach to parenting include family background, social influences, religious beliefs, and the child's temperament and personality. Unit 7 -- Self-esteem, Peer Groups and Friendships Peer relationships and friendships play a crucial role in a child's development of self-concept and self-esteem during middle school. A peer is an individual with common characteristics like gender, age, school, and occupation while a friend is a trusted acquaintance who cares about the other. In middle school, peer sociability and friendship change when children share activities and start to appreciate each other's feelings. The… Continue Reading...

Fides Virtus

of Fides was deemed a severe matter, and had both religious and legal repercussions. On the other hand, in the Roman context, Virtus meant in the first place, acting like a brave man in military aspects. This concept of virtus was to be perceived in the context of outstanding actions, and brave actions were the achievements that generated a reputation (Adams, 2009). In Roman history, there were Emperors that best showed these concepts and there are those who failed to demonstrate these qualities. Roman Leaders that Demonstrated the Qualities of Fides and Virtus One of the emperors that demonstrated… Continue Reading...

Social Control As Displayed in the Handmaid's Tale by Margaret Atwood

Utopian Studies: Journal of the Society for Utopian Studies, 1997, 8 (2): 66-86. Kouhestani. Sexual Oppression and religious Extremism in Margaret Atwood's the Handmaid's Tale. 2012. http://www.ipedr.com/vol56/026-ICOSH2012-F10041.pdf Margaret Artwood. The Handmaid's Tale. 1987. http://www.novelas.rodriguezalvarez.com/pdfs/Atwood,%20M.%20%27%27the%20Handmaid%27s%20Tale%27%27-Xx-En-Sp-Xx.pdf Shirley Neuman. "Just a Backlash': Margaret Atwood, Feminism, and The Handmaid's Tale," University of Toronto Quarterly: A Canadian Journal of the Humanities. 2006. Summer 75 (3) 857-868. Wisker G. The Handmaid's Tale. London: Continuum, 2010. Continue Reading...

Judaism Religion Teachings and Festivals

girl is twelve years and one day old. After the ceremony, the girl is said to have attained religious maturity. Rosh Hashanah is the celebration of the Jewish New Year. It is mainly celebrated on the first or the second day of September. Yom Kippur is a ceremony that marks the ten days of penitence in the Jewish religion. The Jews fast for ten days starting from the day of Rosh Hashanah. Passover is a Jewish religious ceremony that commemorates their liberation from Egypt where they had been slaves. Hanukkah is an eight-day Jewish festival that commemorates the rededication… Continue Reading...

Ancient Rome Timeline Of Military

became increasingly possible to lure local populations away from Roman leadership towards religious authority. Before long, religious authority superseded the political authority of Rome. Roman authorities for years attempted to suppress Christianity but the persecution of Christians only led to the celebration of Christian martyrdom. By the time Constantine converted to Christianity, the local populations in the Roman Empire warmly welcomed the shift in Roman consciousness. 6. 350 CE: The East Rises Practically concurrent with Constantine was also the rise of the Eastern Roman Empire. Prior to Constantine, the division of Rome into East and Western empires remained more… Continue Reading...

Apple Market Share Increase for Ipad 4

is widely seen as a financially stable and well performing company with products that have got a religious following. The products are widely known to be of high quality and liked for their exquisite designs and allure of the high class that they create among those who own them. The Apple Inc. brand is held as the most valuable brand globally standing at $170 billion with more than 110,000 employees (Jureviscious O., 2016). This is a reflection of a company that is on the rise and the acceptability of the products equally on the rise. SLP 2 Apple SWOT… Continue Reading...

Apple Increase in Market Share for Ipad 4

Inc. is widely seen as a financially stable and well performing company with products that have got a religious following. The products are widely known to be of high quality and liked for their exquisite designs and allure of the high class that they create among those who own them. The Apple Inc. brand is held as the most valuable brand globally standing at $170 billion with more than 110,000 employees (Jureviscious O., 2016). This is a reflection of a company that is on the rise and the acceptability of the products equally on the rise. SLP 2 Apple… Continue Reading...

Slp Module 3

What does 'Pakistan' mean? A. The land of the free B. Land of the religious C. Green and pleasant land D. Land of the pure Answer: D 8. [0/1] The Pakistani national anthem, 'Qaunmi Taranah' means: A. Beautiful country B. Noble people C. Love for our people D. Sacred land Answer: A 9. [1/1] From which civilisation do Pakistanis descend? A. The Incas B. The Ottomans C. The Indus Valley D. The Khmers Answer: C 10. [1/1] Where possible, which extended family member is asked to help name a new born baby? A. Uncle B. Aunt C. Father D. Grandfather Answer:… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

their confidence. UNIT 6 DISCUSSION One of the cultural beliefs that my parents taught me was the Christian religious belief. From a young age, my parents insisted that I join them to the local church. Moreover, the bedtime prayers were a daily routine as part of the Christian beliefs. During the initial stage of inculcating this value, I greatly rebelled since I could not understand the importance of such religious values as part of our culture. The Christian religion was an important part of our culture, and every child had to be initiated into the religion (Best, 2001). I always tried… Continue Reading...

Definition Of Organizational Culture

company with a small employee base could be a common example of a unitary company. religious organizations would often be the same. By contrast, a firm with no dominant culture would be disorganized. Any other firm of size with a dominant culture would be somewhere in between (Cheney, 2011). Another important part of the relevant snippet of text is the talk of "rites" on the 85th page. In total, there are a total of six different types of rites. They are as follows: • Rites of Passage: These are the rites that are used to change and move someone… Continue Reading...

History and Context Of the Tao De Ching Lao Tzu

claims to absolute knowledge. The Tao de Ching is not a religious text, although religion has sprouted up around Taoism over the two millennia since the text was first written. One of the reasons why Taoism may be mistakenly perceived of as a religious tradition is the legends surrounding its author and origin, as Lao Tzu has been endowed with mystical and even supernatural powers as a sage born old and wise. However, Taoism is not about God or even about cosmology. Rather, the Taoist philosophy is about the benefits of self-mastery, of becoming more aware of and responsible for… Continue Reading...

Management Dilemmas After Disasters

issues of business ethics. Additionally, these concerns have emerged from political and consumer groups, charity and religious organizations, and various professional bodies. The article engages the discussion on ethical dilemma concerning people management practice. Dilemmas that HR professionals face include role conflict, organizational change, accuracy in reporting, behaviors of leaders, and attitudes of bosses towards staff members. Ethical Dilemma HR professionals encounter contemporary real-life challenges in the workplace. These issues emerge from different dimensions that could jeopardize organizational processes. Role conflict stems the disagreements because of the obligations that individual and group members perform in an organization (Carter, 2015).… Continue Reading...

Sexual Harassment in a Workplace Organization

I had learned through a variety of channels -- reflections of social values, family, school, and religious beliefs. In every one of these circles, I had always been taught that women deserve respect and not harassment. Therefore, I felt that the source of my ethical values was aligned with the society around me, which also taught that sexual harassment should not be tolerated. Likewise I knew from training that the ethical culture of the library did not support sexual harassment. So if my manager was not going to address the situation, I felt that I should report it to… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

to human understanding (Maslanka, 2004). Nonetheless, even before the 20th century, leadership was a concept that philosophers, statesmen and religious thinkers all propounded upon. From Machiavelli to the modern political and organizational princes of today, leadership has been a topic that everyone has an opinion on. The main styles of leadership that have taken center stage in the modern era have all come from the University Theories models. The role of EI and transformational leadership within today's discussions of 21st century leadership are now predominant because they reflect the trend in modern culture that seeks to maximize potential and… Continue Reading...

World and Native Music

has historically been an extension of human culture and even religious activity and not viewed as being something that is distinct from religion and society. Even when musical traditions are deep, historical, and sophisticated, the methods used to analyze music do have Western components. Therefore, it may be important to consider different ways of analyzing musical features, concepts, and structures. In this article, the author presents a definition of music divided into five parts. The first is that "all music is sound," and yet ironically, music also has elements of no-sound or silence as with the John Cage example.… Continue Reading...

Scholarly Article on Victimology

aims of the world society of victimology as relates to the various fields like medical, legal, religious, the civil society, the education sector and even the victims themselves. The paper persuades me that significant effort was put into the entire exercise and the writer is a qualified authority in the field of victimology with in depth interest and understanding of the concepts therein. Continue Reading...

Muslims As an Ethnicity in the United States

which was understood to be the effect of numerous causes -- from racism to moral and religious bias to cultural prejudice. The centralization of power in America by white Anglo-Saxon Protestants (WASPs) and Zionists meant that Muslims would never have a comfortable or welcomed place in American society (Haddad, 2001). The leadership of men like Malcolm X helped many African-American Muslims to become self-conscious and politically activated -- but Arab-American Muslim population did not particularly benefit from this approach as it was primarily oriented towards African-Americans. For this reason Muslim Americans is not an apt or efficient indicator of… Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

society of victimology as relates to the various fields like medical, legal, religious, the civil society, the education sector and even the victims themselves. The research significantly contributed to the deep understanding of the history of victimology hence opening up minds on what really victimology entails. It also allows the reader to effectively understand the circumstances around the victim blaming and how these different concepts and case scenarios can be brought into the context of the contemporary challenges society faces. Superior Council of Magistracy of Romania (2014). 'Strengthening Judicial Cooperation to Protect Victims of Crime'. http://www.inm-lex.ro/fisiere/d_926/Project%20Handbook_final.pdf This is a… Continue Reading...

Political Ideologies: Social Liberalism

in support of popular leadership, the freedom to fight back against oppression and the freedom of small religious groups to exist among others. From the reasoning of Locke as well as his several followers, the government's role is not the fostering of the spiritual salvation of the people but rather the serving of the citizens and the assurance of their lives, freedom and possessions with the guidance of a constitution (Liberalism, 2016). Three factors aid the understanding of the popularity of social liberalism. First of all, this new liberalism was created in the late 1800s and early 1900s, during… Continue Reading...

Law Enforcement and Corrections

Open school space for community purposes 2. Open precincts for community purposes 3. Outreach programs with religious institutions 4. Hold police-community relations town hall forum every specific period of time, such as annually or semi-annually. 5. Have children participate in events such as police department explorers program (Manhattan Borough President, 2015). Communication has a positive impact on agency operations in enhancing community relations. Having aspects such as forums within the town hall makes it possible for the police department to hear opinions, complaints, criticisms and praises from the community to understand what is not only being done wrong but also what… Continue Reading...

The Birth Of Jazz in New Orleans

in jazz were the same kind found in the religious houses where the hymns were sung. Jazz seems to have been an expression of the soul not meant for the House of the Lord but rather for the clubs where people wanted to have fun and feel something other than holy for a moment. All of that is part of what it means to be human and it makes sense that in a place like New Orleans, a city that had peaked economically, that jazz would flow out of its spirit because clearly there was more to New Orleans… Continue Reading...

Gun Fu and Hong Kong Cinema

morality of its protagonist, while throwing in some melodramatic, sentimental, moralistic tones inspired by Chinese culture's deep religious and philosophical traditions. It made for a fine and elegant slop that only the most visionary of directors, like Woo, could pull off. So many threads to keep together at once is not easily achieved -- and over-indulgence in any one thread line would yield less than stellar results, as Woo's ill-advised Paycheck showed. The glue that could keep them all together, of course, was bullets -- lots and lots of bullets: the one ingredient that any modern action film needed.… Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

(Sutton, 2015). For instance, Lerner (2006) reports that, “Protestant, Jewish, and a limited number of Catholic religious leaders contributed to making American eugenics the foremost eugenics movement in the world by the 1920s and sought the creation of a ‘good society’ in America” (p. 182). This envisioned “good American society” would be achieved by using the various strategies the eugenics movement embraced, including testing for intelligence, limitations on immigration, sterilization, incarceration and quantitative analyses of various racial and ethnic characteristics of family backgrounds (Lerner, 2006). In a 1937 journal article, Osborn also enthusiastically promoted both positive and negative eugenics,… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

2005 and 2006 included denial of opportunities to observe their religious practices, torture, and even putting drugs in the prisoners’ food (Howland, 2013). In sum, the terrorist suspects detained at Guantanamo Bay are being held as “unlawful enemy combatants” who violated the law by seeking to challenge the legitimacy of the United States (Howland, 2013). In response to the force-feedings, the cover of the Economist proclaimed:  “’Unjust, unwise, unAmerican: Why terrorist tribunals are wrong,’ and displayed a blindfolded Justice, draped in Grecian robes, holding scales and sword, and seen in the cross hairs of the scope of a rifle… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Education and Mission Statement for an Inclusive School District Essay

the United States have the right to a publicly supported education regardless of race, social class or religious beliefs is an American value. [A]ccess to a public education [and] the expectations of a common educational experience [are] part of the American culture” (p. 107). This conceptualization of the purpose of education in the United States also includes the objective of preparing students for their role as meaningfully employed citizens in a free society. In this regard, Aske and Connally add that, “This common school idea is based on the view that education should be an equitable, assimilative, and inclusive… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and Plato on Aquinas’s View Of the Soul

Plato’s comprehension of the soul is primarily situated in a religious and spiritual context. He provides four attributes of the soul including that it is the principle of life, it is immaterial, the rational soul is eternal and immortal, and the soul and body unit in an accidental form and not a natural manner. [9: Del, Potter, and Richard G. Howe, \"The Heart and Soul of Christianity: Does Any\" Body\" Know?\" (2015): 8.] [10: Norman, Melchert, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, 7th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2014: 212.] Based on Aquinas’s view, all that happens to… Continue Reading...

Religious Revolution

I. MY QUESTION The topic of religious revolution interests me because much of history has been shaped by religious revolution. Consider the history of the West. The rise of Constantine to the seat of the Emperor in the early 4th century allowed Christianity to flourish. The Roman Catholic Church became deeply influential some 400 years later with Charlemagne, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope in 800. religious revolution broke out in Europe with the Protestants, led by Luther, Zwingli, Knox, Calvin and Henry VIII. Their actions led to a revolution… Continue Reading...

A Good Man Is Hard to Find Flannery O'connor

serial killer has given up on trying to be good, or on trying to be religious. He finds people like the grandmother utterly distasteful because of their ignorance and hypocrisy. The Misfit’s presence in the story shows O’Connor might have a dismal view of human nature. Ironically, the Misfit seems more intelligent than the grandmother. Although he is violent, debased, and evil, the Misfit is not hypocritical or delusional like the grandmother. Unlike the grandmother, the Misfit does not lie either. When the story reaches its climax, the Misfit claims that his parents were fine people: “God never made… Continue Reading...

The Invisible Gorilla Book Review and Analysis

a connection between these examples and examples from the religious communities around the world, which base their perception of reality on myth, or examples from Trump supporters who base their perception of reality on nonsense. Staying away as they do from controversial topics in order to garner a larger audience, Chabris and Simons carefully tiptoe around some of the implications of the gorilla experiment. The odd conclusion of The Invisible Gorilla contains a made-up story, several pages longer than it needs to be, about a fictitious CEO. The false biography is used as part example, part review test to… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

philosophical view gradually came to the conclusion that people “attribute to the concept of God” certain moral and religious concepts that do not necessarily derive from God (“Kant’s Philosophy of Religion”). Kant shies away from the idea of faith, viewing it skeptically, from a position opposite of that of, say, Aquinas, who viewed faith as resting upon reason. For Kant, faith does not presuppose reason: Reason presupposes doubt and doubt leads to the questioning of the existence of God—or at least of God as a kind of polestar by which one’s actions can be judged. In short, Kant eradicates… Continue Reading...

Jane Goodall Interview with Bill Moyers

displays of awe, joy, and wonder that humans demonstrate in their religious expressions. Goodall also speaks about emotions in chimpanzees. Although most viewers recognize that animals do have emotions, hearing about the expressions of empathy and nonverbal communication among the chimpanzees is striking. According to Goodall, the chimpanzees reveal that the root of all love and compassion. One of the most striking passages in the interview is when Goodall speaks about her relationship with David Greybeard—the first chimpanzee who trusted her enough to approach her, and who touched her hand. He let down his guard, and by doing so… Continue Reading...

How European Interactions Benefitted Indigenous Women

period was characterized by superstition and sinful practices. The introduction of Catholicism to these societies challenged the religious supremacy of the medicine man and enlightened indigenous women to a new world in which they possessed spiritual power. Indigenous women were converted to Catholicism following the realization that God is the ultimate spiritual power. [1: Tracy Neal Leavelle, “The Catholic Rosary, Gendered Practice, and Female Power in French-Indian Spiritual Encounters,” in Native Americans, Christianity, and the Reshaping of the American religious Landscape, (2010):2] Catholic conversion played a significant role in changing the lives of indigenous women in North America during… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

of a particular nation’s people on threats posed by migrants to their national, religious, cultural, or linguistic identities. This standpoint regards the destination’s national values as the referent entity facing threat. 5 On the whole, migration, both legal and illegal, forced and voluntary, makes up the above threat, so long as migrants give rise to identity challenges within the destination nation on account of their different religion, language, or culture. Migration’s perceived threat to a society’s security is subjective, and not objective or ubiquitous, in nature; it is contingent on how destination countries define themselves.5 A few nations, for… Continue Reading...

Preaching the Bible to a Modern Audience

from false truth, false prophecy, and false faith to placing what should be religious faith to secular institutions. In the end times especially, the true believer sacrifices all other loyalties except loyalty to Christ. For “the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power,” (1 Corinthians 15:24). All the dominion, authority, and power must be transferred fully to God. This message can be softened somewhat to refer to the ways people often forget how to let go of their mundane cares and concerns, placing their fully… Continue Reading...

The Gospel Of Matthew and Anti Semitism

views. The parable of the vineyard is clearly political, even more than it is religious. It tells the story of tenant farmers, and essentially advocates the redistribution of wealth. The parable maintains the core themes of Jesus’s ministry to the poor, and to his commitment to empowering and uplifting the disempowered and disenfranchised. Indeed, the Christian message has resonated throughout the centuries and continues to do so precisely for its political—essentially and ironically Marxist--underpinnings. Harrington also points out that the parable of the vineyard offers a metaphor of the transfer of symbolic ownership of the Kingdom of Israel from the… Continue Reading...

Gospel Of Matthew 23 and Hypocrisy

Senior (1998) talks about Jesus’s “bitter denunciation of the scribes and Pharisees” and “the Gospel’s hostile estimation of the religious leaders,” p. 257). Leaders are “condemned as status seekers,” and for doing good deeds only to impress others: moral lessons that can be incorporated into a homily on Matthew 23 (Senior, 1998, p. 258-9). As with Harrington (1991), Senior (1998) discusses the shift in social norms and political organization from the hierarchical and elitist model towards the egalitarian model Jesus proposes. Senior (1998) also details the “woes” to further clarify the message of Matthew 23. The Senior (1998) analysis… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Transcultural and the Amish Community

healthcare is the community’s internal insurance program. The Amish have been exempt from paying Social Security on religious grounds since 1965, and the same principles have also exempted the Amish from participating in the Affordable Care Act and its mandated health insurance provision (Rohrer & Dundes, 2016, p. 92). Instead of participating in mainstream health insurance schemes, the Amish provide fully for the healthcare needs of members of their community. The Amish community manages healthcare costs internally by reducing or eliminating spending on non-essential services, while pooling community resources to pay for essential or emergency care. In some cases,… Continue Reading...

How European Views Of the Ottomans Changed

14 (2004), 209.] The outcome of this new trade policy, itself a result of the new religious environment pervading much of Europe, was that Europeans themselves began to adopt a much more benign view of the people who had for a long time been considered their foe. Diplomacy began to flourish (De Busqec was a Flemish diplomat for instance who acted as an Ambassador for heads of state in Europe). People in Europe began to see the Ottoman Empire as a reality—another nation with which it could be friendly. The Protestant Reformation had created a new European order: Elizabeth I… Continue Reading...

My Neighbor Totoro Ghibli Film

of the child protector deity. Furthermore, the tree is a major symbol in the film and also in Shinto religious worship. Another symbol is that of the crab when Satsuki writes a letter to her mom.   Continue Reading...

The Bhagavad Gita, Krishna, and Arjuna

of god, and not a perception that depends on reading scripture or performing empty religious rituals. 7. The Bhagavad-Gita does seem to condone violence, especially as Krishna originally inspires Arjuna to take action and go from being a passive member of the priestly class to a true warrior. However, the true message of the Gita is not bellicose. The true message is to maximize human potential by encouraging all people to take action in the face of injustice. To stand by idly while others are being victimized is an egregious offence. Standing up for the truth is as important… Continue Reading...

Team Rubicon Swot Analysis

capacities some other organizations may lack. · The organization is not religious in nature, which may draw secular donations. Threats · People may wish to donate to specific, local organizations for disasters, which can result in diverted funds from Team Rubicon. · The organization only provides medical relief to international disasters, which may make donors more interested in organizations with a wider scope of operations (“Our Mission,” 2017. · Compassion fatigue may result in lower levels of donation overall to relief organizations. References Habitat for Humanity. (2017). Official website. Retrieved from: https://www.habitat.org/ Our mission. (2017). Team Rubicon. Retrieved from: https://teamrubiconusa.org/our-mission/… Continue Reading...

Educational Leadership and the Wisdom Of Proverbs

cherish the important, simple lessons of life. The lessons conveyed by the book are both religious and ethical in nature. One idea which comes to mind when reading the book is that rather than talent, sometimes simply the willingness to be kind, to show up on time, and to behave in an estimable manner is more important. From an educator’s perspective, all of the lessons of the book highlight the importance of creating a moral environment in the classroom that inspires others to treat one another well. As an educational leader, the book underlines to me the need for… Continue Reading...

The Hypothetical Case Of the Nacirema

only be known fully to the holy mouth men and holy mouth women. Ultimately, the Nacirema are religious and superstitious people who spend an inordinate amount of their time, energy, and resources on the maintenance or purification of the body. References American Anthropological Association (1956). Body ritual among the Nacirema. American Anthropologist 58(3). Continue Reading...

European Global Perspective

no stretch to suggest that the paradigm under which European expansion occurred was not just European but religious and male. Thus, while there were some differences between how this expansion was implemented by different European powers, there are many common themes that can be drawn. First was the subjugation of local populations, often by violence. Second was the lack of critical thought given to positive and negative elements of different cultures – it was simply assumed that Europeans were superior. Lastly, that the expansion more or less served only the interests of the European countries, with the interests of… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

diversity through the lens of social groups – ethnic, religious and other more visual differences. This contrasts with the information and decision-making view to some extent, because it focuses more strictly on visible differences between group members. The underlying assumption of this perspective is that people of different cultures are going to inherently have different ways of doing things and different perspectives. Essentially, race, religion and gender are used as proxies for different types of perspectives. A third view is the flexibility argument, which the authors state "indicates that multicultural management practices would result in changes that meant that… Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

flowed from society to the other. These networks also facilitated the dispersal of ideas, both religious and philosophical. By the end of the Axial Age, the foundations of Western thought had been laid by the classical philosophers in Greece: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle—and their ideas rooted in the observance of Transcendentals, or ideals, that individuals pursued through the cultivation of good or virtuous habits in their daily lives, spread to the next dominant empire in the West—the Roman Empire. This paper will discuss the transmission of technology, ideas (religious and philosophical), consumer goods, and germs from the end of… Continue Reading...

Man Vs God in Frankenstein

a cycle, which the Old World (pre-Enlightenment era) would have understood in religious terms, specifically in Christian terms (a context that is supported by the use of Milton’s Paradise Lost in the novel). Victor does not want to accept these terms—and the monster does not want to accept his rejection by the unloving world. Thus both assert themselves and challenge all. The problem is that neither is God, nor does either demonstrate the capacity to love to the degree that God does—and that is why both spurn all things, which leads inevitably to their mutual destruction. Works Cited Shelley,… Continue Reading...

The Book Of Luke Acts and the Early Church

to recognize these themes not only enrich the reader’s understanding of the gospel, but also reveals the “consistent religious preoccupations that might not be obvious on the surface of his storytelling,” (p. 14). These consistent religious preoccupations remain the cornerstones of Christianity. The first theme is the Holy Spirit. So crucial is this theme Johnson claims that the book of Acts can even be considered the “Book of the Holy Spirit,” (p. 14). Luke refers to the “dramatic outpouring” of God, of course in Jesus but also in the particularity of Jesus’s fulfillment of prophesy (Johnson, 1992, p. 14).… Continue Reading...

Reminiscing on My Teens

The traditional adage is that it takes an entire village to raise a child. In my case, this expression has a certain degree of validity. As I reminisce about my adolescence, there are a number of different experiences I have had which are directly related to my environment or surrounding ecosystem at the time. The best way to categorize this environment is in accordance to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, which includes a number of different stratifications for a child’s milieu. Contextualizing my teenage years through this psychological lens, as well as others such as social learning theory andPiaget’s childhood cognitive… Continue Reading...

Reflection and Research Essay on Augustine: Saint Augustine on Evil

Origin of Evil The origin of evil has been a controversial issue not only in the contemporary Christian circles but also among the ancient Greek Christians. The point of contention in the discussion about the origin of evil is why a good God would have created evil. The Judeo-Christians struggled to understand how a good, powerful, and all-knowing God could allow evil to exist. The logical conclusions were that either God did not exist or God was not good[footnoteRef:1]. However, Augustine sought to clarify this erroneous notion about the existence of God. Saint Augustine believed that the discussion on the… Continue Reading...

A Historical Comparison Of Christianity and Buddhism

own. Gautama Buddha “was one of the many critics of the religious establishment” in his time: namely the Vedic religion that the world now knows as Hinduism (Violatti 1). Several centuries later, Jesus of Nazareth served a similarly disruptive role in his community, being leader to a movement that pushed for political change within the religious establishment of Judaism. The New Testament is filled with references to Jesus upsetting the Jewish religious order. Jesus says of the Pharisees, “So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do… Continue Reading...

Religion in Plato Euthyphro

society shifts towards a new moral order based on secular values rather than on religious doctrine, the concept of piety as it is elucidated in Plato’s Euthyphro is the most important concept to be integrated into the Socratic Citizenship Initiative. In Plato’s Euthyphro, both Socrates and Euthyphro exemplify the need for a universal moral order, one that transcends either church or state. At one point in Euthyphro, Socrates cryptically questions, “is it that where there is piety, there is also justice, but piety is not everywhere justice is, since piety is a part of justice?” (d). Socrates here illustrates… Continue Reading...

Gender Roles in Traditional East Asia

domestic sphere. For example, in pre-modern Japanese villages, women had positions or functions in the community’s religious life, which they utilized to generate greater influence through acting as mouthpiece of the ancestor (Tonomura, p.58). Women in upper-class positions or female rulers in the society also exerted their power and influence to promote social transformation. For instance, the queen dowager in Choson monarchy utilized her position to cross boundaries that separated the monarchy and family to exert her authority in the public sphere (Haboush, p.29). Lesson from Women’s Experiences Women’s experiences in negotiating patriarchal environment in the traditional Chinese, Korean,… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

Muslim community, the result has been just as fraught with religious and moral concerns, and also with a comparable loss of consensus. Fatwas (religious decrees)) on these modern day debates vary among the unique Islamic schools; these contemporary Islamic rulings in fact reflect local customs, countries and moral. Marcia Inhorn's (2010) analysis comparing the Shia and Sunni methods to gamete donation and sterility treatment in Lebanon and Egypt pointed to how various Islamic understandings of what's permitted impact government reproductive policies and practice customs. This paper is a discussion on the biotechnology and bioethics in the Islamic Republic of… Continue Reading...

Cultural Diversity Issues

the Chicago Tribune comes to the story of a 200-person march in 25-degree temperature weather in Chicago promoting “ religious and cultural freedom and tolerance” (Moca, 2017). The march was called the Community Unity Walk and included speakers who addressed the crowd at Naperville Central High School, where the march concluded. The speakers addressed issues of diversity and a panel discussion was held which included an interfaith discussion that explored the similarities among the various religions—from Judaism to Islam, Hinduism and Christianity. While a march like this is helpful in raising awareness of diversity and how people from various cultures… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban

country. Rather, it was to assuage the political motives and religious biases of some within the country. “Courts were justifiably skeptical of the idea that legitimate national security considerations, as opposed to religious biases or political motives, drove the first version of the travel ban.” (University) This is not progress and feels like a step back from the efforts made to create equality in recent years. To racially discriminate, to discriminate based on religion is immoral and illegal. To have a Government that promotes such illegal actions is reprehensible. They say it is all for the safety of the… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

continuing therapy in the event of difficulties constitutes a major challenge. As the mindfulness construct has its roots in Buddhist religious teachings, and lacks a sufficiently long history in the psychological science of the West, the fact that appreciable challenges exist in its definition, quantification and operationalization is not surprising. While numerous self-report repertoires for mindfulness evaluation have been created, they differ considerably in their factor and content structure, revealing inconsistencies in its nature and meaning. To date, scant information exists with regard to the conditions under which, and the individuals for whom, mindfulness training proves most effectual; however, one… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

Civil War--an event which helped presage the Second World War. A man of both political and religious conviction, Koestler remained active on both fronts for the duration of his life. Moreover, his early literary success and activism rendered him a celebrity for the vast majority of his life. As such, he was able to meet and socialize with some of the more notable figures of the 20th centuries, including fellow authors, political proponents, and celebrities. He led a full, rich life until he killed himself by committing suicide with his wife. As such, even a cursory review of his… Continue Reading...

Les Miserables Light and Darkness Victor Hugo

Bishop is the first major symbol of light in Les Miserables, and is an overt representative of religious fortitude and spiritual salvation. “He gazed incessantly beyond this world through these fatal breaches, and beheld only darkness. The Bishop made him see light,” (Chapter 4). This line directly shows how Jean “beheld only darkness,” his experiences leading him to a morbid and depressed view of reality. The Bishop is the first person who shows Jean unconditional love and forgiveness—which are in short supply in Jean’s world. Therefore, the light of the Bishop is not just tied to religion or to… Continue Reading...

The Religion Of Passion

south of the United States. They gathered to promote awareness of their cause and their existence as a religious group. Their goal was to create dialogue with the community. One of the most effective ways they did so was by passionately reading religious passages about family. One member would read a passage and another would talk about it. Although I do not believe all their ideas, the way they did this got my attention. The most successful of these stories was about family and the strength of the father (Israelites) which made people stop and listen. The relationship between… Continue Reading...

The Culture Of the Eastern Band Cherokee

of Cherokee traditionalism and the traditional religion of the Cherokee has effected a blend of religious views and practices that can be described as new age, Christian, and traditional Cherokee. The Eastern Band still performs traditional Cherokee dances, for instance, and students in the Tribe are required to learn the Cherokee language (Montgomery-Anderson, 2015). The community of the Eastern Band has commemorated the trials of their fellow Native Americans in the outdoor drama Unto These Hills, a play written by the American Kermit Houston Hunter in 1950, which describes the history of the Cherokee from the 18th to the… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Analysis

income distribution, corruption, customer awareness and education, standard of living, religious values, and family structure; and technological factors. Introduction Key Facts Name: The Coca-Cola Company Industries served: Beverage (more than 600 brands) Geographic areas served: Worldwide (more than 200 countries) Headquarters: Atlanta, Georgia, United States Current CEO: James Quincey Revenue (US$): 41.863 billion (2016) 5.5% decrease over 44.294 billion (2015) Profit (US$): 6.527 billion (2016) 11.2% decrease over 7.351 billion (2015) Employees: 100,300 (2017) Main Competitors: PepsiCo Inc., Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, Inc., Unilever Group, Mond?lez International, Inc., Groupe Danone, Kraft Foods Inc., Nestlé S.A. and several other beverage… Continue Reading...

Clipboard Tablet Co Marketing and R&d Analysis

distribution, corruption, customer awareness and education, standard of living, religious values, and family structure; and technological factors. Introduction Key Facts Name: The Coca-Cola Company Industries served: Beverage (more than 600 brands) Geographic areas served: Worldwide (more than 200 countries) Headquarters: Atlanta, Georgia, United States Current CEO: James Quincey Revenue (US$): 41.863 billion (2016) 5.5% decrease over 44.294 billion (2015) Profit (US$): 6.527 billion (2016) 11.2% decrease over 7.351 billion (2015) Employees: 100,300 (2017) Main Competitors: PepsiCo Inc., Dr. Pepper Snapple Group, Inc., Unilever Group, Mond?lez International, Inc., Groupe Danone, Kraft Foods Inc., Nestlé S.A. and several other beverage manufacturers.… Continue Reading...

Snapping Beans by Lisa Parker

shout of faith, / potent as a swig of strychnine.” The poet’s choice of language with religious resonance is very deliberate here, given that the speaker’s insights into the human condition are ultimately secular in nature. There is also the sense that knowledge about one’s faith, versus pure belief, has a killing, chilling effect much like poison. That is why when the speaker’s grandmother asks, “How’s school a-goin?” using dialect that is clearly designed to show her class and her geographic location, the speaker cannot respond. Still, despite the fact that the speaker and her grandmother are now very… Continue Reading...

Israeli-palestinian Conflict

they see the current conflict as relating to Crusade-style conflict over control of the Holy Land. Outside of those religious circles, other Americans simply favor a state that promotes democracy and equality over the abuses of Arab rule. Imagine a homosexual person supporting Palestine – where their very existence would subject them to the death penalty – over Israel. Israel's culture of democracy, education and openness is much more aligned with traditional American values than Arab culture. Interesting that a "tilt" is pre-assumed. I assume this attempt to lead the students is not at all rooted in bias. But… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Morality

a philosophy, or one might adopt an ethical position based on one’s religious beliefs. Morality, for me, is more focused on actions: one’s actions may appear moral or immoral, but even here, they might appear moral to some but immoral to others because of the different approaches that people take to ethics and what constitutes rightness and wrongness. For me, ethics is such a big question mark because in today’s day and age, there are so many ethical systems with so many varying foundations of thought that societies are often filled with conflicting ethical frameworks. One quick example is… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

the Western psychosomatic science owing to its foundations in Buddhist religious educations. Despite the fact that several self-report collections for mindfulness assessment have been fashioned, they substantially differ in their aspect and content structure, bringing to light discrepancies in its nature and meaning. Up to the present time, scarce information is present with reference to the circumstances under which, and the persons for whom, mindfulness training seems to be the most effective approach for. Regardless, initial evidences can be found showing that the effectiveness of the approach varies on the basis of individual differences (Keng et al., 2011). Benefits… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

along with trauma, mood disorders and so on. The benefit of being a Christian or being a religious person is that it allows one to include the spiritual component of healing in the treatment plan. Researchers have also shown that having an attachment to God or a religious perspective on life can actually reduce the risk of developing an eating disorder for women (Homan & Lemmon, 2014; Henderson & Ellison, 2015; Strenger, Schnitker & Felke, 2016). However, as with anything else, the attachment to God has to be secure and stable, because the more instable the attachment or the… Continue Reading...

Crime and Punishment in the American Colonies

But initially, there was relatively little crime. For many early colonists, religious cohesion, the lack of diversity within their society, and above all a desire for survival meant that crimes such as murder and robbery were scarce, particularly in Puritan New England (p. 39). The most common crimes were so-called vice crimes, or violations of the very strict standards which governed colonial society. Gambling had been very popular in England and existed within the colonies, as did heavy drinking. But while this was tolerated in the Southern colonies, in the Northern and more religiously-based colonies, these crimes were regarded… Continue Reading...

Secular Humanism

specific argument between Christians and secular humanists concerning the centrality of religious beliefs for the human condition. Indeed, since time immemorial, humankind has sought spiritual solace, guidance and redemption but it has only been relatively recently that this fundamental worldview has been challenged by human secularism which holds that there is no god and that human beings possess the natural gifts to manage their affairs just fine, thank you. Human secularism gained significant impetus as a result of innovations in scientific and medical technologies that have further reinforced the notion that people can take care of themselves without a… Continue Reading...

Prophet Muhammad Founder Of Islam

Introduction When examining the Prophet Muhammad in a religious-historical context, it is helpful to compare him to another central religious figure in the history of the West in order to highlight how he is unique. For example, while Christ plays the role of God-Man in the Christian religion, Muhammad simply plays the role of man—though a very special one, of course.[footnoteRef:1] As the Qur’an notes: “Muhammad is no more than an apostle: many were the apostle that passed away before him.”[footnoteRef:2] However, Muhammad’s nature is unlike that of other men,… Continue Reading...

Aristotle Nicomachean Ethics and Virtue Ethics

good listener, and hear all sides of every story. Instead of judging others for their religious or political beliefs, a temperate and magnanimous person cultivates a balanced point of view that takes into account why other people think, feel, and act the way they do. The people who insist that their position is the only right one can be considered extremists, and therefore lack the virtues of temperance and magnanimity. On the other hand, a person who develops moderate views and open-minded inquisitiveness embraces the diversity of life and human nature. References Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. Roger Crisp. http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam032/99036947.pdf… Continue Reading...

Constitutional Law and the Rowan County V Lund Case

rights, which protect freedom of religion. The right to religious expression in public is ensconced in the Constitution. Works Cited “Introduction to the Establishment Clause,” http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/estabinto.htm Lund v. Rowan County, North Carolina, No. 15-1591 (4th Cir. 2017). https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/ca4/15-1591/15-1591-2017-07-14.html Rowan County v Lund. http://www.adflegal.org/detailspages/case-details/lund-v.-rowan-county United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. No 15-1591. https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/ca4/15-1591/15-1591-2017-07-14.html Wing, Nick. “Federal Court Rules Against Christian-Only Government Prayer In North Carolina.” HuffPost. July 14, 2017. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/entry/rowan-county-prayer-ruling_us_5968e4f1e4b0174186270695 Continue Reading...

Capitalism Industrial Revolution and Social Change

society enabled the rise of the working classes to protest labor exploitation. The elite—the bourgeoisie—no longer claimed religious authority but merely wielded power due to their economic privilege. As a result, the proletariat empowered themselves to create new systems of self-governance, ranging from republican democracies to democratic socialist states that kept the welfare of the people in mind. References Burke, E. (n.d.). Reflections on the revolution in France. Dickens, C. (n.d.). A Christmas Carol. Marx, K. & Engels, F. (n.d.). The Communist Manifesto. Rousseau, J.J. (n.d.). Subject of the first book. In The Social Contract. Sieyes, E.J. (n.d.). What… Continue Reading...

How the Internet Has Changed Society

their physical location in the world. Instead, online communities can reflect cultural, ethnic, political, religious, or ideological identities, or help hobbyists join together for informal virtual or in-person meetings. Online forums and social media websites promote identity construction and the formation of new communities. Internet identity construction occurs in formal and informal ways, as some municipalities have been using the Internet to create a sense of community through “the foundation of heritage objects and historical events that categorize a social group and, at the same time, differentiate it from other groups (Piñeiro-Naval, Igartua, Rodríguez-De-Dios, 2018, p. 1). The “Internet… Continue Reading...

Thematic Integration Of Faith, Learning and Business

the propensity to start a business, by examining data from a survey that queried 1,714 U.S. adults about their religious habits” (Neubert, 2013). Essentially, entrepreneurs were found to pray more often than non-entrepreneurs and to possess a higher level of faith, believing that God was directly listening and answering their prayers (Neubert, 2013). Such a finding is highly revelatory as it suggests that faith in a higher power is crucial for such a profession. This makes logical sense, as at their core, entrepreneurs are risk-takers. On a mental level, in order to take such risks responsibly one has to… Continue Reading...

Multicultural Leadership Diversity in the Workplace

someone with an international background is perfectly poised to guide organizational policy and practice regarding diversity and communication. religious Diversity Religion can be a central component of individual identity construction and community cohesion. Just as employees have rich social and family lives outside of their place of employment, they also observe religious practices that coincide with their personal beliefs or their cultural background. While religiosity and spirituality usually do not conflict with the workplace environment, holidays are a potential source of conflict. A hegemonic Christian culture has enabled the celebration of some holidays as if they were universal. Failure to… Continue Reading...

Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

serves as a quasi-legal system. No one is above the religious law. Even if the religion is also replete with superstitions, at least it does provide an umbrella of universal norms that all must submit to no matter what their status in the community may be. After breaking the sacred Week of Peace, Okonkwo’s reputation suffers considerably but he is still given the benefit of the doubt as he already has an established role in the community. Okonkwo has lost sight of the ultimate purpose in his life, though. His image of fatherhood is so completely distorted that he… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view that the body itself can be treated as a discreet system. Although the mechanistic view can be traced back as far as Asclepiades, it was… Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view that the body itself can be treated as a discreet system. Although the mechanistic view can be traced back… Continue Reading...

Mrs. Dalloway by Virginia Woolf Analysis

herself as well highlight her innate hope for renewal. After all, she described her feelings for Sally as “ religious” (Woolf 29). With Peter, too, Clarissa feels a spiritual connection. Clarissa muses on their psychic connection: “they had always this queer power of communicating without words,” (Woolf 48). Woolf effectively contrasts Clarissa and Richard’s marriage with that of Septimus and Lucrezia, which is established as both a politically subversive and also idealized heterosexual companionate marriage. Septimus and Lucrezia have a model relationship first and foremost because Septimus subverts traditional gender roles for English masculinity. Lucrizia, a poet by nature and… Continue Reading...

Hacksaw Ridge by Mel Gibson

of Okinawa during World War Two. Doss was a combat medic who, because of his religious beliefs, refused to carry a weapon. Garfield and Gibson were nominated for Academy Awards for the film. Other stars were Sam Worthington, Vince Vaughan, Hugo Weaving, Luke Bracey, Ryan Corr, Teresa Palmer and Rachel Griffiths. The story focused on Doss\' experiences in the military and the war, but also on his upbringing and life experiences at home. Despite the fact that Gibson has earned himself considerable controversy in Hollywood and among the general public, the film was received well, and without any of… Continue Reading...

I Am Alive Documentary

a means to survival (Osborne, 2010). Another way they encourage conformity is by convincing some of the more religious members of the group that anthropophagy is an extension of the Eucharist ritual (Osborne, 2010). Framing anthropophagy in religious terms shows how religion has been used as a powerful means of social control in general, and is ironically invoked in the survival situation to encourage positive deviance. Social rituals were also used as a means of encouraging conformity. For example, they describe how they “made a pact” to donate their own body to the collective if they should die too… Continue Reading...

Ancient Roman Civilization and the Gladiator Games

slaves of Rome (the gladiators) as a tool, wielded for a different aim respectively. The Roman religious and the politicians used the games as well for their own ends. While the combats that took place in the arenas dazzled audiences, the violence and spectacle was really but one aspect of the contests, and an examination of the underlying social, political, religious and economic subtexts of the gladiator games reveals much about the nature of ancient Roman society. This paper will identify the four main purposes of the gladiatorial games in ancient Rome—the expression of political influence, the expression of… Continue Reading...

Legal Precedent Constitution Religion and Education

want the same privilege of not having their children being taught different religious or moral values than they receive at home or in their community. When working in a religious educational institution, however, teachers are obliged to promote the values of that institution. A public school is by definition a secular educational institution. The invocation of 1 Peter 3:15 is ideal for this analysis. “But in your hearts revere Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and… Continue Reading...

Immigration Essay

group (Barkan, 2013). The reason why so many British people came to the then colonies was for religious freedom. Some felt persecuted in Great Britain for their religious beliefs and sought out a fresh start elsewhere. They saw the American colonies to begin anew and practice their beliefs without fear or worry (Barkan, 2013). So many come to the United States now to escape persecution. It is interesting to see how the roots of immigration began with the same sentiments and notion. Although early waves of immigration began with Great Britain, it wasn’t until Roanoke that colonization efforts truly… Continue Reading...

President Donald Trump Essay

many other civil rights will be threatened.  For example, religious freedom laws supported by Pence would have allowed people to discriminate against gays.  In addition, Pence previously endorsed conversion therapy, a controversial therapy aimed at making gay people straight, which has been condemned by all major American medical organizations. Conclusion Predicting how a Trump Presidency would impact America proved to be difficult.  Trump’s own inconsistent statements exacerbated those difficulties.  In addition, although Trump, a Republican President, would have a Republican House of Representative and Senate in Congress, as well as being in the position to appoint at least one,… Continue Reading...

The American Dream Essay

the American Dream   Introduction The American Dream began as a journey from oppressive Great Britain to a new land. Those seeking religious freedom came to North America and formed the thirteen colonies so they may pursue a life filled with happiness and upward mobility. However, not everyone got what they wanted and soon the American Dream became an American Nightmare for some. That didn’t stop however, new immigrants from coming and trying to chase their own version of this time old wish. Essay Hook Although the versions of the American Dream have changed throughout the centuries, people still maintain a strong… Continue Reading...

Sexual Misconduct and the Fall Of Hollywood Essay

a Democrat.  In fact, some of his supporters, including some prominent religious figures, have gone on record to support Moore’s behavior of seeking out teenagers as romantic partners. Outline I.  Introduction II.  Body A.  Background B.  Allegations against Weinstein C.  Allegations against others III.  Conclusion Introduction Everybody has heard the terms “casting couch.”  While it is one of those terms that people associate with old Hollywood, it is also a term that most people probably have not spent much time contemplating.  In fact, many people probably viewed it as a way for women to use their sexuality in order… Continue Reading...

Isis Attacks in America Essay

ever be bridged? Domestic Violence and Domestic Terrorism- While the media is quick to focus on the religious or political affiliations of people who commit mass killings when they are brown, the real answer to domestic terrorism may involve domestic violence.  Regardless of religious or political affiliation, most people who commit mass homicides in the United States have a documented history of domestic violence.  Is failure to respond adequately and appropriately to these charges part of the reason that the United States is struggling with a huge domestic terrorist problem? Outline I.  Introduction II.  Body A.  Background B.  Jihad C. … Continue Reading...

Bitcoin Essay

the past year or two. Bitcoin and cryptocurrency have been described of in near- religious terms, too. The first fifty bitcoins are known as the “genesis block,” and users of the currency are described as “evangelists” and communitarians who genuinely want to make the world a better place by creating a new means of conducting business transactions (Wallace, 2011). Without a doubt, bitcoin has transformed the way people around the world can envision business and economics. Other Cryptocurrency Since the advent of bitcoin, a slew of other cryptocurrencies have appeared on the market. All are based on similar concepts using… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

by the 20th century, a new culture emerged to set aside the warring religious cultures:  the culture of secularism emerged in the West and the East, with political correctness as its driving expression (Chotiner, 2014). Cultural Differences Cultural differences will range from attitudes about religion to political expression to economic ideas to morality, art, music, and community norms. Some cultures will eat different foods than others. For example, the food in India is very different from the food in America—and so too is the approach towards religion where in India most people are Hindus whereas in America most people… Continue Reading...

Globalization Essay

and brown, or people who live in different political regimes or who have different religious beliefs? Trade at its core is beneficial for all parties involved.  One of the reasons that globalization comes with such marked economic benefits is because it encourages specialization (Baker & Lawson, 2002). Just as people from Florida can create oranges cheaper and faster and with greater ease than those from Maine, the same principle works on the global stage. People in Columbia can produce coffee beans faster and cheaper than people in Sweden. Specialization means that we can encourage products to be fostered and… Continue Reading...

Letter from a Birmingham Jail Analysis Essay

the criticism that has been cast upon him and show how the white Americans and religious leaders who dared to hurl tone-deaf criticism on him are actually the ones who dare undermine justice and the greater good in this country. It is easy, King repeatedly demonstrates, to sit idly on the sidelines passively watching while the injustices of the era don’t impact one directly. This indictment was so necessary because King and his supporters really did risk everything in order to create meaningful change for a world that had been nothing but unkind to him and his children. King’s… Continue Reading...

The Gift Of the Nile River

is not surprising that the river has played an important role in shaping religious practices (Parker 613). Indeed, the ancient Egyptians even worshiped the God Hapi whom they believed “dwells at the foothills of the Mountains of the Moon” where the Nile originates and was responsible for the annual flooding that made successful agriculture in an otherwise desert setting possible (Delices 63). Like many ancient deities, Hapi was a demanding god and Egyptians sacrificed “their most beautiful girl” as the “bride of Hapi” each year to “please the river Nile” (Pabla 180). Nile River and Trade Given its enormous… Continue Reading...

Global Merchandising

there really are not major Buddhist shopping holidays, and the non- religious holidays are secular without developed shopping traditions. United States The US is not a factor in Burmese shopping, except to the extent that Burmese communities abroad, when people return to Burma, bring with them some shopping traditions from those other countries, along with their expertise. These repats come from the US, Australia, Singapore,, and Thailand mostly. References VDB-Loi (2017). Investing in the Myanmar real estate sector. VDB-Loi. Retrieved March 24, 2018 from http://www.vdb-loi.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/Investing-In-The-Myanmar-Real-Estate-Sector-2017.pdf Continue Reading...

Early Medieval and Contemporary Education

supervised by clerics though it was not a pre-requisite for practicing religious life or leadership. Since the church has a virtual monopoly over formal education, there were different kinds of educational institutions associated with chivalry, the guilds and the church during the medieval period. Even though access to education was limited during this period, these educational institutions, which were mostly church-related, conducted basic or elementary education. The institutions provided basic/elementary educational functions despite the fact there was relatively vague differentiation between elementary and secondary schools. The educational institutions associated with the chivalry, the guilds, and the church in the… Continue Reading...

American Exceptionalism Debate

to American action in the world, Walt states. In fact, America has often used religious justification, as was the case with Manifest Destiny and westward expansion, to justify policies with a strong self-interested basis. The American expatriate Suzy Hansen stated when she was living abroad in Turkey, it was a bracing introduction to the ways in which the rest of the world viewed America and the extent to which the American media provided a xenophobic and jingoistic view of the rest of the world: “I could see how alienating they were to foreigners, the way articles spoke always from… Continue Reading...

An Age Of Revolutions in Europe and America

God’s plan. The Declaration comes across as a mythical, almost religious text in that Jefferson frames it as being divinely ordained. As such, the document is purely Romantic in its vision. The document refers to the neoclassical political idealism of democratic self-rule, while also basing that self-rule in divine principles. Rather than presuming human beings have the authority to determine what is right or wrong, Jefferson is claiming that right versus wrong are ethical questions only answerable via divine principles. These are not necessarily Christian principles; they are principles that are reasonable—based on the inherent divinity of logic and… Continue Reading...

European Muslims in Germany in the Postwar Period

1990 there were over 1500 (Joppke, 1999). This example clearly shows that these guest workers clung to their religious beliefs and customs, something that connected them to their homeland and their traditions there. This strong connection to Islam, did of course undermine further integration because it meant that there was a further divide in religious customs and beliefs. religious beliefs can often shape one’s perspective on reality, and the role of people in their world. Historically, religion can bring people together or divide them. Islam, while acting as a source of comfort for many of these guest workers, also… Continue Reading...

The Virginia Tech Shooting

more and more disturbing patterns of behavior and held animosity towards his parents’ Christian religious beliefs, though he also railed against the “moral degeneracy on campus” in a note written just before his rampage (Harnden, 2007). Indicators of Conflict, Aggression, and Mental Instability There were several indicators of conflict, aggression and mental instability in Cho’s life, beginning with his anxiety disorders, mutism and depression in middle school and lasting well into his 20s before his rampage and suicide. He wrote angry, violent-filled stories at school but was unsocial and uncommunicative with peers (Harnden, 2007). He repressed a lot of… Continue Reading...

Death Penalty Essay

often tortured before being executed, even for relatively minor crimes or for their religious affiliations. Well into the eighteenth century, stealing small sums of money were capital offenses although by the early nineteenth century in Great Britain, only serious offenses were capital crimes. This was also true of colonial America. “By 1776, most of the colonies had roughly comparable death statutes which covered arson, piracy, treason, murder, sodomy, burglary, robbery, rape, horse-stealing, slave rebellion, and often counterfeiting” (Reggio 2014). The US Constitution expressly forbids cruel and unusual punishments under the Eighth Amendment of the Bill of Rights. The question… Continue Reading...

Leadership Essay (free Example)

of forms.  Generals like Julius Caesar, statesman like Solon and Pericles, artists like Wagner and Shakespeare, religious men like Augustine, philosophers like Socrates, social justice advocates like Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.—all of them have been lauded as possessing the qualities and characteristics of leadership.  What is it that sets them apart?  The “Great Man” thesis posited that leaders are born—yet as ideas of leadership have evolved over the centuries (especially in the modern era), new theories have formed that raise new questions about leadership and shed light on new aspects of leadership development.  For example, many… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

according to one authority, “As the Pro-choice faction screams accusations of backward thinking, religious fanaticism, and male domination; the Pro-life group counters with cries of baby killers, Satan-worshippers, and inhumanity” (Alexander, 1993, p. 271). Indeed, many pro-life advocates are even opposed to abortion in extreme cases such as rape or incest, citing the sacredness of all human life in support. Conversely, pro-choice advocates argue that women have a fundamental right to make choices about what happens to their bodies. Part of the problem relates to how each movement defines life and when it begins and how these conflicting views… Continue Reading...

Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Essay

Department Of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Ammons, S. K. & Edgell, P. (2007). religious Influences on Work–Family Trade-Offs. Journal of Family Issues, 28(6). 794-826. Ansari, S. A. (2011). Gender difference: Work and family conflicts and family-work conflicts. Pakistan Business Review, 13(2). 315-331. Anthias, F. (2013). Intersectional what? Social divisions, intersectionality and levels of analysis. Ethnicities, 13(1). 3-19. Anwar, M. & Shahzad, K. (2011). Impact of Work-Life Conflict on Perceived Employee Performance: Evidence from Pakistan. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences, 13(2011). 82-86. Arif, N. & Amir, T. (2008). Adjustment of Married Working Women in Joint… Continue Reading...

Islamic Terrorism Essay

to lead Muslims, advocating for a type of monarchy in religious succession.  In contrast, the Sunni believed that the worthiest people should be eligible for leadership, regardless of lineage.  The Iranian Revolution, which was led by Shia and marked the foundation of the terrorist organization Hezbollah, caused many people to think of Shias as the more radicalized of the two groups, which was a viewpoint advocated by primarily Sunni Saudi Arabia and many of its political backers, including the United States.  However, the Sunni version of Islam was equally subject to radicalization; the Taliban, which began as a group… Continue Reading...

Olympic Games Essay

Olympic Games were first staged in Olympia, Greece in 776 BCE and were intended primarily as a religious festival honoring Zeus (The real story of the Olympic Games, 2016). The ancient Greeks continued to stage the Olympic Games for more than a millennia until 393 CE, but it required another 1500 years for the Olympic Games to return to Greece and the first modern international games were held at Athens in 1896 (The real story of the Olympic Games, 2016). Founded 2 years previously in 1894 by Pierre de Coubertin (Lubin & Delevigne, 2010), the purportedly non-profit International Olympic… Continue Reading...

Women S Health and the Issue Of Abortion

a moral perspective and typically that perspective is informed by a sense of universal morality, natural law, religious belief, or ethical principle in which all life is regarded as worth saving and supporting (similar to the ethical principle found in the Hippocratic Oath). Those who support it view it from a socio-political perspective, typically informed by Feminist theory, which holds that a woman alone has the right to determine what she will do with her body and whether or not she should carry a pregnancy to term. As Clio History shows, the politics of the body have been formed… Continue Reading...

Religion and Christian Counseling

counselor who seeks to provide Christian counseling services and has a background in religious studies thanks to the Interdisciplinary Studies degree offered by Liberty University will have more appeal to an employer than a counselor who has simply a degree in counseling. In a world where specialized medicine and services are the new norm, a professional who has focused his or her studies by embracing the interdisciplinary vision is more marketable than a graduate whose degree-path has a narrower scope. Integrated Studies Make One Well-Rounded Religion and Christian counseling are two areas of study that naturally go together and… Continue Reading...

The Portrayal Of Asian American Women

they’ve had to endure a forced culture on them. From forced religious beliefs, to forced beauty standards, this plays a role in how Asians are perceived and how the image of Orientalism is cultivated. Asian Americans exist in-between the experiences of their families in their home countries and their current experiences in the United States. While there is some progress in erasing the clear culture divide, the ongoing presence of negative imagery remains. This imagery translates not just into media and entertainment, but beauty and advertisement. Asian American women have had to contend with Western beauty standards that alienate… Continue Reading...

The Palace Of the Emperor Titus

one that had a strong impact on antiquity because it resonated with the religious themes of the times: the worshipping of gods and goddesses—and later of the Triune God of the Christians. The story of the Laocoon represented how men were still controlled more or less by the will of the gods and that when the gods determined for something to happen, nothing man could do could alter that course. Thus, there was an air of inevitability and destiny tied to the myths, and this was expressed in the myth of Laocoon especially since the priest and his sons… Continue Reading...

Jewish Ethics

morality, and kindness are in, in Judaism, part of the market structure—a broad-ranging religious educational system has always been provided to make such considerations effective and normative” (Tamari, 169). Connecting economic behavior with a strong ethical code is essential, as Tamari illustrates, and within Jewish ethics, they are intelligently not kept within individual perspective and discretion, as that would set effective ethical codes up to fail. Instead, “they are part of a normative and enforceable regulatory code of conduct in the economic sphere. So not only are the Jewish parameters of the market economy enforceable by courts of law… Continue Reading...

Super Highway 8 Rogerian

give me death’ speech delivered in 1775 at St. John's Church, in Richmond. The Virginia Statute for religious Freedom, written by Thomas Jefferson, was also passed in Virginia” (Mandel). While this was one of the more uplifting historical facts about Virginia—as Virginia played a center role in America securing their autonomy as a young nation, Virginia also has much to be ashamed of. Richmond was the capital of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War and more than half of these battles took place in Virginia—including the surrender of Robert E Lee in Appomattox County, Virginia (Mandel).… Continue Reading...

United Kingdom Freedom Of Expression Within the Social Media

platform to proclaim their views on a wide range of concerns, regardless of their political affiliation, religious beliefs, economic and social standing, etc. Freedom of expression within the social media in the U.K. also provides journalists with an important platform to execute their functions (UNESCO 2018). The relevance of journalism as a professional calling cannot be overstated when it comes to engaging the public on issues that benefit the society as a whole. The three functions of journalism are; to inform, to educate and finally, to entertain (Berning 2010). These roles cannot be played well in an environment where… Continue Reading...

Tammany Hall in New York City

with the class between the political parties, which was both ethnic and religious in its way. Tammany Hall represented the Irish Catholic working class. The Republican Party represented the Protestant evangelical upper class (Roosevelt’s party)—the party that would seek to make all of NYC dry. [5: Teorell, Jan & Ziblatt, Daniel. “In Election Fraud and Contested Congressional Elections: An Analysis of the United States, 1840-1940.” Working paper published by the American Political Science Association (2011). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228129460_Election_Fraud_and_Contested_Co ngressional_Elections_An_Analysis_of_the_United_States_1840-1940] NYC, the melting pot capital of the nation, was where the bitterest elections were fought and where the hardest-nosed tactics were implemented… Continue Reading...

Renaissance Italy

This tradition stemmed from the Ptolemaic model of a geocentric universe and correlated well with the religious tradition of the Church that the Earth was where God Himself became Man and walked among His children. Thus, the Earth had a special significance and should be thought of as being the center of the Universe in order to support the notion that people were important to God. Aside from this theological tradition were the scientific or observational facts that Ptolemy had used to describe the geocentric model of the universe, accounting for the movements of the stars, sun and moon.… Continue Reading...

What Happened to the Lost Colony Of Roanoke

been useful in tilling the soil. Additionally, most had immigrated because they sought economic opportunities, versus the religious liberty sought by later New England colonists. There was not the preexisting sense of community amongst the inhabitants that would have fostered cooperation among the inhabitants. [12: Ibid.] [13: Ibid.] Today, the reasons for discovering the fate of Roanoke have more to do with a desire to answer questions pertaining to a historical mystery, versus the urgent search conducted by White. There are many plausible reasons for the colony’s failure that were manifested in other failed settlements of the era, including… Continue Reading...

Health Concerns Involving Breast Cancer

diagnoses among ethnic minority and Black populations. Moreover, studies reveal that cultural and religious factors intervene and impact health behaviors of patients, including the perceived advantage of undertaking disease prevention efforts, the delay in seeking medical assistance, and treatment alternatives chosen (Bamidele, Ali, Papadopoulos & Gurch, 2017). Describe drug treatment options for patients diagnosed with the type of cancer you selected. Chemotherapy involves using drugs for the purpose of destroying cancer cells, typically through ending cancer cells’ growth and division capability. Chemotherapy might be performed in the preoperative stage as well (neoadjuvant chemotherapy), for shrinking large tumors and making… Continue Reading...

Dolci and the Counter Reformation

Dolci in 1670, the painting reflects the style of the Baroque and the typical religious-historical type of subject associated with the Counter-Reformation underway throughout Europe as part of the Council of Trent’s mission to use art to reinforce the principles and doctrines of the Church at a time when Protestantism was undermining the Church’s teaching authority (Vidmar). Salome appears as though disinterested in the disembodied head, offering it up to the public as though it were a piece of overripe fruit that one may or may not like to partake of. Dolci’s use of light reinforces the idea that… Continue Reading...

The Great Depression and White Evangelicalism

Poor Whites, and the Great Depression” by Wayne Flynt is to contextualize the type of religious faith that sustained many poor whites during difficult economic circumstances in the early half of the 20th century in America. Rather than a source of repression, Flynt argues the religion provided a sense of purpose and a way of making sense of senseless circumstances. Flynt is interested in giving voice to his subjects on an individual basis to humanize them and present their unique perspectives. He begins his article not with a theoretical overview but with a description of May Jordan, a congregant… Continue Reading...

The Declaration Of Independence and Freedom

of freedom was attached to the concept of “free will” and thought of primarily in a spiritual sense—i.e., a religious sense. With the Protestant Reformation, a break from the religious doctrines of the Middle Ages, and the rise of the Enlightenment and Romantic Eras came a new approach to freedom. Freedom was thought of not as a choice one had between doing good and evil but rather as the liberty to do as one desired. By the 18th and 19th centuries, the only constraint on freedom was the state and the laws of the state—which is why socio-economic and… Continue Reading...

Spirituality Mind Body Spirit and Transpersonal Psychology

body-mind-spirit integration practices like yoga or tai chi can also be divorced from their religious and cultural contexts to provide all people with access to their benefits (Luskin, 2004). Although there is some evidence starting to emerge showing how these types of practices lead to measurable or at least observable outcomes in patients, it is important for healthcare practitioners to focus more on phenomenological approaches and qualitative methods than on the potentially futile quest for quantitative data proving the efficacy of practices like meditation or prayer. Therapists and healthcare practitioners working within a Christian worldview also have a wealth… Continue Reading...

Women Empowerment in Iran

issue at hand. The role of indigenous religions and religious practices in directing the cultural norms must be considered among other factors that must be put into context. Basing on this contextual basis, the discussion herein will not look at the gender in isolation, but will constantly compare and contrast the Middle East and Iran in particular with the West and even other countries of the Middle East (TeachMideast, 2018). The present day Iran is unique in many ways as much as it has similarities with other nations of the Middle East. On mentioning of the name Iran, thoughts… Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

Education Commission of the States, emphasizes that, “State constitutions vary on whether they include language about public school funding, religious restrictions, the education of disabled students, the age of students, the duration of the school year and the establishment of state higher education systems” (1) Nevertheless, in an educational context, in order to improve anything it must first be measured and it has become increasingly evident that this mish-mash of state-level legal frameworks and differing priorities has contributed to ineffective educational systems that are not engaging high school students and causing far too many to drop out before they… Continue Reading...

Helping the Elderly Population

information about their illness that was supplied to them by their care takers at the facility to meditations from religious books that the patients themselves possessed. In some cases, I read from popular magazines and newspapers that were available or that I brought along with me. The patients always enjoyed being read to and thanked me for coming when I was finished reading. For the remainder of the time, I would attend to the patients’ needs by making sure they were comfortable, that they had enough to drink, and that they could get up and move around if so… Continue Reading...

Africa from Colonialism to Neocolonialism

were affected and adapted in significant ways, with the said countries being forced to embrace the cultural, religious, as well as social ideals of the colonial countries. Most of the dominated countries got their independence back by way of concessions, compromise, or force – giving way to the post-colonial era. During the postcolonial era, former colonies attempted to claim their autonomy back, with some attempting to build systems and structures of governance that were largely indigenous and reflective of their specific situations and needs. Neocolonialism took form during this post-colonial period. In essence colonialism could be defined as “a… Continue Reading...

Using Evidence Based Practice to Resolve a Nursing Issue

The programs encourage critical thinking skills and nursing students are encouraged to consider clinical, religious, cultural, and socioeconomic backgrounds of the patients as well as using the relevant scientific research available. EBP has led to an increased interest in and emphasis on nursing research. EBP has also improved patient outcomes in that nurses can now use current research to assist them in minimizing complications that are associated with chronic illness and prevent additional disease or illness. I am the Cardiovascular Services Educator for CVICU and CVSD at my facility and my MSN program specialty track is Education. I have… Continue Reading...

Social Media in the Uk Promoting Freedom Of Expression

issues. A good example of this would be where people engage in discourse regarding LGBT rights and related issues, religious freedoms, proliferation of nuclear weapons, climate change, mass incarceration, and other contemporary and contentious issues. As McWhorter (2013) points out, a more enlightened society is a society at peace with itself and with its neighbors. Diverse viewpoints from various quarters, proclaimed as a consequence of freedom of expression, would present the masses with a unique opportunity of sorting through general information and fact with an aim of finding meaningful ideas and concepts. It is, therefore, important to note that… Continue Reading...

Elizabeth Jane Gardner

was the work that won her the gold medal from the Paris Salon; though she sometimes did religious themes as well—such as Moses in the Bullrushes (1878) and David the Shepherd (1895). Gardner developed her love of art working as a teacher in Massachusetts. She moved to Paris with a friend in 1864, hoping to get into the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, but it was still a male-only school at the time, so her application was rejected. The famous art school would not actually admit women until nearly the very end of the 19th century—but by then Gardner had already… Continue Reading...

Conflict Within Unionizing Sga Industries

clearly states, “The SGA strategy to defeat the union organizing effort included extensive meetings with community, business, and religious leaders in an attempt to influence workers’ views about the union. Viewing anti-union films was required for workers on company time. Letters sent to workers’ homes by President White and Philips emphasized the need for team spirit, not only to keep the union out, but to overcome the threat created by hosiery imports” (Harris, 1997). Granted, unions aren’t perfect entities, and the company leaders attempted to showcase the inherent imperfections of joining a union, and how unions can create inherent… Continue Reading...

How to Resolve Conflicts and Cooperate

value system. An example would be having a conversation between a very religious person and an atheist. Ultimately, the two parties would never be able to agree on the overarching existential issues or guiding principles. This is why it can be so difficult to find common ground on ethical debates on issues like abortion or physician-assisted death. To overcome the challenges of working with people with different principles, I believe the only way forward is empathy. Both sides need to at least temporarily adopt the other person’s worldview and see the issue through a different lens. Only by realizing… Continue Reading...

How Do Endowments Differ from Trusts

like the Red Cross, hospitals or clinics; and 3) religious institutions, like churches or synagogues. Each of these types of institutions can be the recipient of endowments so long as they are non-profit institutions. 3 The difference among trust, estate, gifts and endowment are numerous. A trust is set up by a grantor, who places assets under the control or management of a trustee, who oversees the assets for the beneficiaries. A trust is often used to save on taxes and protect assets. An estate is all of the property that is owned by a person at the time… Continue Reading...

The Teaching Of Evolution and Religious Beliefs

has been argued by some factions that teaching of evolution theory of existence of the universe contravenes the religious belief of some people as well as the ethnic beliefs of some people. It is argued by these groups that the teaching of the evolution theory is tantamount to demeaning their religious beliefs and their ethnic upbringing hence a breach on their freedom of religion. They say, that each religion or ethic group needs to be left alone with their belief unadulterated so that they can believe what they are taught by their scripts about the coming into existence of… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Culture on Ptsd in the Middle East

populations in the Middle East are continually exposed to torture, witnessing murder, political/ religious discrimination and oppression, and displacement. This contributes to increased vulnerability to PTSD, which is in turn a major public health issue. As these episodes continue to be prevalent, there have relatively minimal efforts by public health professionals in the Middle East to deal with this public health issue/concern. Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD in the Middle East PTSD is an established diagnostic category that is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). However, the conceptualization and diagnosis of this condition needs to… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

by psychoactive plants than we like to think (Pollan, p.145). Plants with the abovementioned property have actually, historically, become religious sacraments, leading to their careful, and even reverential, propagation and care. Hence, mankind’s desire for transcendence gave rise to novel survival tactics or evolutionary opportunities for plants with molecules capable of altering human consciousness. Traditional studies on marijuana intoxication’s nature reveal that its key effects include a slightly raised heart rate, mild memory issues, slightly decremented performance on complicated psychomotor tests, and reddening of eyes (Tart). Individuals using the substance for the initial few times experience sequential sensory changes,… Continue Reading...

The Effects Of Manifest Destiny

“militant brand of imperialism” could be felt (Haynes, 2006, p. 1). Armed with the religious fervor of the movement, Americans laid claim to lands that were not even geographically contiguous with the rest of the nation, including Alaska and Hawaii. Acquiring these new territories and incorporating them as states extended the reach of the United States with economic as well as political effects. For example, control of the Pacific Rim meant that the United States had direct access to Asian markets for bilateral trade. The importation of Chinese laborers had a major bearing on the growth of the American… Continue Reading...

Fbi Uniform Crime Reports

regards resident mobility, transport modes, highway system and commuting patterns; climate; household conditions (family cohesion, divorce, etc.); cultural, religious, educational and recreational factors; effective law enforcement organizational strength; law enforcement’s investigative and administrative focus; prosecutorial, probational, judicial, and correctional policies; and residents’ crime reporting trends and crime-related attitudes (Freilich et al., 2014). Additional factors contributing to the determination of an area’s crime levels and nature include the aggressiveness, human resource, and other strengths of the law enforcement body of the area. While the publication offers data on the numbers of civilian and sworn personnel, it may not be utilized… Continue Reading...

Muslim Women in Eastern and Western Literature

teachings of Islam as a whole, after his death (Ujayli, 18). She was a consultant in all matter religious and over 2,00 hadith are given credit to her (Ahmed, 73). Aisha is someone who stands out in the literature of this culture, as she is someone who viewed as a truth teller, and a woman of great expertise in all aspects of inheritance, law, literature, history and genealogy (Ujayli, 19). This honor, importance, wisdom and reverence given to Aisha in an early and classic Middle eastern text is a far cry from how current middle Eastern literature portrays Muslim… Continue Reading...

Tax Law and Status for Nonprofits

disclosure-under-section-6114-or-7701b Differences between for-profit and nonprofit accounting. (2014). Capital Business Solutions. Retrieved from: https://www.capitalbusiness.net/resources/differences-between-for- profit-nonprofit-accounting/ Filing requirements. (2018). IRS. Retrieved from: https://www.irs.gov/charities-non-profits/churches- religious-organizations/filing- requirements Plaskow, D. (2016). 4 payroll considerations for nonprofits. CPA Practice Advisor. Retrieved from: http://www.cpapracticeadvisor.com/article/12165392/4-payroll-considerations-for- nonprofits Continue Reading...

How Environment Influences Business

contemporary, there are apps for just about every activity ranging from social connectivity, cooking and fitness, to music, religious, educational and also productivity apps. In this regard, Apple has the prospect of further developing and growing its Apple Store with such apps to increase the number of consumers. However, the technological factor has also presented a number of hurdles for the company. One of the perceptible ones has been patent wars with rival companies such as Samsung over the technological components of the product offerings. This has resulted in a constant battle that necessitates a huge amount of money… Continue Reading...

Abortion

not someone she would ever want to raise a child with. She also explained that her parents were deeply religious and believed abortion to be a sin. She did not share their beliefs and truly thought she had a right to chart her own destiny. However, because of her large extended family and their firm beliefs, it left her feeling isolated during the abortion procedure as she felt she had no one to confide in—and she was right, she didn’t. I felt that as an independent party I could really validate her decision because she made it out of… Continue Reading...

Abortion Interview

someone she would ever want to raise a child with. She also explained that her parents were deeply religious and believed abortion to be a sin. She did not share their beliefs and truly thought she had a right to chart her own destiny. However, because of her large extended family and their firm beliefs, it left her feeling isolated during the abortion procedure as she felt she had no one to confide in—and she was right, she didn’t. I felt that as an independent party I could really validate her decision because she made it out of her… Continue Reading...

Body Mind and Soul in the Cancer Ward Wit

poet, focusing on structure, verse, and punctuation, rather than the actual meaning of Donne’s poetry, which was intensely religious and metaphysical in nature. The contrast between the different ways the body can be seen and language is embodied in the title of the play, Wit. Wit was something which was prized in Donne’s era as something which made people human—in other words, the use of humor. The title of the play is often written as W;t with a semicolon rather than an I, to reflect Bearin’s focus on punctuation in many of her classes. This stress upon minutiae, or… Continue Reading...

Vaccinations Autism and the Argument over Mandatory

from 2.5% to an astonishing four percent in 2016 (Fox, 2018). The counter-argument is rooted in religious freedom. Yet mandatory vaccination seems like a justifiable infringement on individual rights considering the far more pressing danger of exposing the entire populace to preventable and deadly illnesses. According to the World Health Organization (n.d.), one in ten infants do not receive vaccinations—including in developing countries. Countries like the United States can afford universal mandatory vaccinations, and should mandate vaccinations based on ethical principles. References Flaherty, D.K. (2011). The vaccine-autism connection. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 45(10): 1302-1304. Fox, M. (2018). Vaccine rates are up,… Continue Reading...

The Art Of Michelangelo

by an artist who confessed Christianity and in fact took great pleasure in reading Scripture as well as other religious writings, such as those of Savonarola, a famous reformer in Italy (Vasari, 1998). Michelangelo sculpted, painted and designed architectural works during the Renaissance in Europe. He was commissioned by the Pope to paint the Sistine Chapel Ceiling as well as the sanctuary wall of the chapel where The Last Judgment can be seen. Michelangelo also sculpted the Pieta—but in this paper, his David will be discussed. By analyzing Michelangelo’s David, which is considered one of the artist’s greatest masterpieces… Continue Reading...

Psychology Questionnaire

the idea of torture (Thistlethwaite, 2009).When looking at the Savior, Jesus, this is a religious figure demonstrating the virtue of forgiveness. Jesus did not condone violence even when Peter was arrested. Yet, how does the church allow such violence in approving of torture? Remmel’s “Personality and Politics” describes personality as involving “the investigation of individual differences, both differences across individuals and the manifestation of those differences within individuals. Certainly, such an approach holds a great deal of interest for political scientists studying the beliefs and behaviors of individuals” (Remmel, 2016). When looking at the politics of torture, it means… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Public Perspectives Domestic and Global Perspectives

of this study was that it found that the more education that a woman had and the less religious a woman was, the more likely she was to support the right to abortion. “Women with increasing education and those attending church services less frequently were more likely to support the legalisation of abortion (b ¼ 0.27; 95% CI: 0.11, 0.43), while those affiliated to a religion other than Catholicism (b ¼ 20.32; 95% CI: 20.48, 20.16) were less likely to do so” (Palermo et al., 2015). This suggests strongly that part of the resistance to abortion in Chile and… Continue Reading...

Tom Regan Animal Rights

that we can derive a sense of our value from religious teachings—particularly the traditional Christian teachings that hold that we are created in the image and likeness of God. This teaching points to a special relationship that we have with the Creator and signifies that our value is inherently greater than the rest of creation. At the same time, I do not believe that this value gives us license to disregard or abuse the rest of God’s creation. Since it is God’s creation and we are tasked with living in it, we should be respectful of every living thing,… Continue Reading...

Deontological Ethics

that was fairly homogenous and from a time when a lot of the ethical framework was religious in nature. In the modern world, in a county where there are so many cultures, there cannot be the same high level of agreement about the underlying deontological ethics of many situations in everyday life. The second point I would add is that even if yourself and Holly both completely agreed on what her duty was, there is also the issue of carrying out one's duty. Clearly in this situation Holly did not execute the duty she thought she had well. As… Continue Reading...

Biblical Issues Related to Community and Justice

Church was characterized as a body with many parts; this metaphor can be useful when applied to the diverse religious landscape of today. Yet there are also important lessons to be learned in trying to achieve an artificially united front. There can be greater power in diversity when different viewpoints are respected without being trampled upon. Compromises that lead to lose-lose outcomes are less fruitful than working together for win-win solutions. What are parish staff called to personally in parish ministry according to Paul? Parish staff are personally called to participate in the body of Christ. Each “body part”… Continue Reading...

Subjective Knowing in Phenomenological Studies

resulting from the scientific method could not explain all human knowing. Indeed, modern psychological inquiry into religious experience has shown that such experience may be personal by nature, not easily reduced to delineated objects of science. Does this perspective, namely, the subjective nature of personal religious experience, align well with both descriptive and interpretative approaches to phenomenology? Why or why not? Karl Jaspers insists upon a radical subjectivity, arguing that “Most modes of rationality, he suggested, are conveniently instrumental or ideological forms, which serve distinct subjective and objective functions, and they habitually stand in the way of genuine knowledge”… Continue Reading...

Evangelization Is the Mission Of the Church

brought new members to our congregation: people who were not religious before and even those who were not yet Christian who came to believe because they saw service in action. Sometimes service merges with direct evangelism, such as when we hold food drives. The food drives and other charitable services are done in the name of God, and we make no attempt to hide that fact. When we do work in the community, it is known that the Church and its congregation invites others in. We are a welcoming community that truly believes that God’s love is universal and… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against the Existence Of God

actual beliefs about reality held by men.”[footnoteRef:18] [17: Florin Lobont, “Ontological Proof and the Critique of religious Experience.” Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (2, Winter 2010), 158.] [18: Lobont (2010), 158.] In Collingwood’s “An Essay on Metaphysics” (1940), the point is made that, "[W]hat [Anselm] proves is not that because our idea of God is an idea of id quo maius cogitari nequit [“that is greater can”], therefore God exists, but that because our idea of God is an idea of id quo maius cogitari nequit, we stand committed to belief in God's existence."[footnoteRef:19] This… Continue Reading...

Noddings Care Based Ethics

many means by which people form their morality. The religious will see morality is relating to laws handed down by some deity or other; the irreligious may turn to deontology, but there is always some sort of code that people follow, in a rule-based way, that they choose to follow the rules, and trust in the morality of those rules. Noddings does not argue in favor of following rules, so that is a key difference with her point about care based ethics. Her vocabulary of care-based ethics highlights the core principles of this moral code. One must take into… Continue Reading...

The Palace Of the Emperor Titus

Laocoon. The myth of Laocoon was one that had a strong impact on antiquity because it resonated with the religious themes of the times: the worshipping of gods and goddesses—and later of the Triune God of the Christians. The story of the Laocoon represented how men were still controlled more or less by the will of the gods and that when the gods determined for something to happen, nothing man could do could alter that course. Thus, there was an air of inevitability and destiny tied to the myths, and this was expressed in the myth of Laocoon especially since… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

the family members feel otherwise. Moral Obligation Whether from a strict interpretation of the Hippocratic Oath or a religious conviction that life is sacred, a nurse may have a moral obligation to preserve life. The nurse has a moral obligation to provide the best quality of care possible under the circumstances, and also a moral obligation to obey supervisor orders. Conclusions Like most healthcare ethical conundrums, end-of-life issues can be challenging to resolve. The principles of patient autonomy and dignity should guide all nursing decisions, even when those decisions may conflict with organizational policy driven by a fear of litigation. Compassionate… Continue Reading...

Trial Evidence

and maintaining social order were far more important than the religious overtones touted during the trials and in subsequent historiography. Spectral evidence was significant, in that it served to discount the character of the accused and added emotional weight to each case. Yet spectral evidence alone was insufficient to lend legitimacy to the courts. The courts depended on the perceived legitimacy of the confession and the non-spectral evidence entered into the public record. Response to Cohen Cohen describes the evidence used in the Helen Jewett Case, helping to reconstruct history based on a return to primary source documents. As… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

one needs to act out of duty and not inclination. A religious patient or one with strong opinions against DNR ought not to do it. However, if they are aware that resuscitation will result in a good life for them, they could feel obliged to live and utilize the most precious gift of life (Alexander & Moore, 2007). Ethical requirements seem to be unfathomable or subjective except through reference to duties. In truth, the decisions one makes are governed by several other determinants and whether or not duty is a good motive as indicated by Kant is really questionable.… Continue Reading...

Designer Brands in Egypt

the roles of men and women in society, the extent to which religious beliefs are promoted in the culture—all of this impacts merchandising and fashion. This paper will look at how religion influences merchandising approaches and fashion businesses in Egypt and discuss the effect that religion has on retail and whether or not religious customs appear to be changing. Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country with a somewhat strong level of Coptic Christian communities. For that reason, the government adopts a secular attitude towards religion, but the religious culture and climate has a strong tradition for dictating dress and… Continue Reading...

Syncretism in Art and Public Art in Tucson

the Catholic faith e.g. the use of candles, crosses, bells, and baptism. In addition, African religious practices are evident in Santeria and Voodoo e.g. intense and vigorous dancing, possession by spirits, worship of the ancestor, and drumming. Figure 2. West African Voodoo Deities (Adopted from Abercrombie and Kent) Figure 4. Haitian Voodoo Deities (Adopted from Johnson) Figure 5. Catholic Church deities (adopted from St. Joseph Catholic Church) Works cited abercrombie and kent. West Africa: kingdoms, slaves & voodoo - an a&k hosted journey (2018). N.D. Web. Arts Foundation for Tucson and southern Arizona, La Puerta. N.D. web. Johnson, Tim.… Continue Reading...

Kublai Khan Improvements to the Chinese System and Ideals

of the Buddhist confidence in all of Mongolia. This prompted more developments of Buddhist religious communities and Buddhist content interpretations. As per The History of China, the quantity of priests in China developed to more than 500,000 amid Mongol run the show. How contemporary China's principle religion is still Buddhism featured Kublai's effect. At last, Kublai Khan had essentially affected the cultural diffusion and advanced different religions inside China (Khan, 2017). Economic and Trade Developments Kublai Khan contributed to the growth of China’s economy by reopening and improving trading routes. After Kublai Khan conquered the Sung Dynasty, he promoted… Continue Reading...

Religion As a Source Of Conflict and Purpose

a purpose driven life and a fulfilling existence on earth and even beyond. The religious writing have situations, case scenarios and story of individuals that are geared towards teaching the readers the purpose for which they are alive and how to overcome various challenges like the religious sages did in the various writings from varying religions. Being that the religious writings define our livelihood and are our spiritual guide, there is the interaction between the spiritual and the physical. The physical body is deemed complete once it is given that functional purpose by the spiritual aspects of religion. However,… Continue Reading...

Bangladeshis Cultural Practices and Traditions

saffron. Bangladeshis view themselves and others essentially through the lenses of their religious heritage. Daily life in the Bangladeshi community is punctuated and characterized by sounds and symbols of Islam like the call to prayer. The traditional garment for Bangladeshi men is a cloth tube skirt hanging to the ankles, which is known as lungi. On the contrary, the traditional garment for women is sari, which is common in the modern Bangladeshi society. Similarly, lungi is preferred by most men, except those from high socioeconomic backgrounds or status who prefer to wear pants and shirt. Additionally, the Bangladeshi culture is… Continue Reading...

Bangladesh and Its Connection to the World

to the people’s national identity, which has undergone an evolution since Bangladesh became an autonomous state. Furthermore, Muslim religious identity has acquired increasing significance within national dialogue. The nation celebrates a number of holy Islamic days, with the religion of Islam pervading the media and public space (Harris 2010). Community – The nation has achieved progress in the area of female empowerment, with its present Prime Minister being a woman; but Bangladesh’s society is still largely patriarchal, with males continuing to be the main decision-makers. ‘Grams’ or villages remain a kept concept for the country’s citizens, including its urban communities.… Continue Reading...

Ethical Communication and Social Media

stake. While it is true that people of different genders, religious background, ethnicities and nationalities might view this differently, and more as the job of the state or big government, the issue is still an individual one. Involving the state in some manner could be beneficial but there’s a danger of censorship in that regard. The duty to stop the spread of fake news and damaging memes is mostly and individual one. This belief is something directly supported by my own personal code of ethics and sense of duty. Personal responsibility is at the core of justice and integrity,… Continue Reading...

Two Sides to Every Story Kashmir Today

for more than a half century. There are some profoundly varying viewpoints regarding Kashmir issue due to fundamental religious and ideological difference over Pakistan and India’s competing interests and claims over Kashmir.[footnoteRef:4] The fact that this heated dispute continues to mar relations between two nuclear powers and destabilize the entire Indian subcontinent region suggests that neither side may view an end to hostilities as being in their best interests. [4: Amjad Abbas Khan and Sardar Sajid Mehmood. (2018, January-June). “Kashmir and Global Powers.” South Asian Studies 33(1), 147.] Indeed, a resolution adopted by the nascent United Nations (UN) Security… Continue Reading...

How Modern Medicine Was Developed

could offer medications that would assist in fighting off the disease. In the past, due to religious restrictions, it was not possible for a physician to conduct an autopsy. However, there was a gradual relaxation in the late Middle Ages that allowed for autopsies to be carried out in order to determine the cause of death. This was the basis of pathology. Conducting autopsies allowed for the discovery of diseases in individual organs. This discovery is what led to the abandonment of the notion that disease is caused by an imbalance in the four humors. Investigations now became part… Continue Reading...

Two Definitions Of Moralism

it. Albert Mohler provides an alternative definition to moralism by viewing it through a religious lens: he states that “one of the most seductive false gospels is moralism…he basic structure of moralism comes down to this—the belief that the Gospel can be reduced to improvements in behavior.” To better understand what moralism is, let’s define the term by way of example. For example, let’s say you have taken a piece of chalk and drawn a straight line down the road to the ice cream store—which just so happens to be where everyone on your ball team wants to be.… Continue Reading...

Goya Rodin and Modern Art

humanist style was popular, the Protestant Reformation and Scientific Revolution occurred. Europe broke apart as religious wars were followed by new doctrines and worldviews throughout the Continent. The Enlightenment and the Age of Romanticism followed. The Baroque came about as a kind of counter-Reformation style of art: it was anti-Puritan and full of drama and depictions of grand sweeping imagery and the tension in life. Goya’s work falls into this period, representing the horrors of the world when order and reason is lost. For example: His Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (1799) shows a man asleep at his desk… Continue Reading...

Vaccinations and the State Of Florida Identifying and Associating with Professional Coalition

to autism. Currently, for children medically able to be vaccinated Florida only permits religious exemptions from vaccinations. In other words, parents cannot opt their children out of vaccines purely due to personal conviction and stated fears. All 50 states permit vaccine exemptions for medical reasons (“Vaccination Exemptions,” 2018). These may include children with compromised immune systems or children with allergies to ingredients in the vaccines. However, only three states—Mississippi, West Virginia, and California—only permit medical exemptions to vaccines. The other 47 states permit religious exemptions and exemptions of conscience. Most states demand that religious exemptions be justified with demonstrated… Continue Reading...

Is Erdogan an Extension Of the Ottoman Empire

Eurasia. The use of military might, of economic influence, and also of religious and cultural tools for social control and hegemony all characterized the Ottoman Empire in its heyday. At the beginning of the twentieth century, shifting balances of power, modernization, and the dismantling of authoritarian regimes trended worldwide and facilitated the breakdown of the Ottoman Empire. A new identity for the modern nation-state of Turkey emerged under the secular leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Atatürk transformed many of the Ottoman political, social, and economic institutions under the rubric of nationalism and republicanism. Yet at its best, Turkey could… Continue Reading...

Bill Gates As an Ethical Leader

they are cultivated by and within their respective communities, which include their families, educational institutions, religious institutions, and other public and private associations. With growth and maturity, an individual’s personality will be greatly influenced by values prized by his/her community, traits encouraged by the community, and community role models whose traits, represented in movies, folk tales, soap operas, fiction, etc., they tend to imitate. The virtue ethics approach encourages one to focus on community contours and character traits cultivated or encouraged by the community. Thus, the ethical life is no mere matter of abiding by moral tenets and applying… Continue Reading...

Mass Repression Order No. 00447

This essay will explore an excerpt taken from the mass repression Order No. 00447 (thus known as “Order 447”), which was signed and approved by Nikolai Yezhov (nicknamed “Ezhov” on July 30th, 1937. Order 447 clearly outlines the plans for the mass repressions known later as the Great Terror. Yezhov features prominently in the Great Terror, being appointed by Stalin as head of the Soviet Secret Police (NKVD). Order 447 creates a comprehensive plan of action for punishing anyone deemed an enemy of the state, also showing subordinates and comrades how to classify these elements. The order includes a table… Continue Reading...

Hester Prynne Personal Standards Versus Society

was shipwrecked and captured by native people—many thought he had unfortunately perished. The town’s religious leader Arthur Dimmesdale offers Hester an understanding ear and shoulder to cry on, but this leads to an affair that results in the birth of Hester’s daughter Pearl, born out of wedlock. Thus, it is very revelatory about these townspeople that they offer Hester very little understanding for the ways that she has suffered. Instead she is just condemned and meant to be humiliated for the rest of her life with a red letter A attached to the front of her dress. Hawthorne takes… Continue Reading...

How Religion Works Today

of Durkheim, then, is an apt descriptor for how religious rites can impact behavior or actions in general, as well as those which take place in the U.S. today. In comparison, Marx’s notion of ideology is less based on how people interact with each other as it is based upon what specific activities they do. This point is critical to understanding why Durkheim’s theory of religion offers more insight into the role of religion in contemporary America than Marx’s concept of ideology. The chapter in The German Ideology devoted to the foundation of ideology, appropriately entitled “The Real Basis… Continue Reading...

John's Gospel and Today's World

accurate description would be to say that the Gospel is a historical- religious document that defines the origins of a new community, who defined those who did not join their community as non-believers, or Jews. 3 The tension John’s community experienced in the Greco-Roman culture into which they were ejected was rooted in the ideas about the gods that that culture harbored. The Greco-Roman culture was polytheistic. The Christian culture was monotheistic. The tension stemmed from the fact, too, that the Greeks and Romans were rational and logical—yet here were the Christians describing miracles that could not be explained rationally.… Continue Reading...

Fascism and Communism in Perspective

Paxton (nd: Pp29). Both fascism and communism are a form of religious conviction where man considers more his relationship with the superior law with an aim that transcends the particular individual and lifts him up to the level of conscious belonging to a spiritual society. Robert Paxton indicates that fascism was seen as “A form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy and purity, in which a massed-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues… Continue Reading...

The Challenge Of Doctors Without Borders

medical needs and do not make distinctions based on a patient’s ethnicity, religious beliefs, political affiliation or on which side of a conflict they're from” (MSFb). It is a neutral party when it comes to conflict, looking on its role as life savers as more important than any conflict or reasons for war: it is there to save lives, not to take them—not matter who is in need. That is why it was honored with the Nobel Peace prize in the 1990s, and that is why it is beloved today by so many who suffer from the international conflicts… Continue Reading...

Migration from a Catholic Social Teaching Perspective

visio Dei, like minded people from all walks of life, all cultural heritages, and all religious traditions can join together to promote the common good. We need to start creating win-win solutions instead of imposing hegemonic models; we need multilateralism in decision making. The vision of God shows us that all people want the same thing: freedom, justice, and liberation. When there are disagreements as to the methods or paths taken to reach that common goal, there are better solutions than to resort to abuses of power. At times, bringing about a new world through the CST model involves… Continue Reading...

Sociology Feminism and the Symbolism Of the Hejab

it shows why many women wear the hejab for political reasons or out of cultural pride, not out of religious obligation. The hejab can be a source of empowerment and solidarity, but its meaning changes depending on the context. Critique, Questions Further questions would be whether similar situations have played out in other Muslim countries, or whether this situation is unique to Iran. For example, in Turkey do women also wear the hejab according to the political climate? Connections The hejab is a powerful symbol in non-Muslim societies, particularly those that have a problem with Islamophobia like the United… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Nursing Patients Caring

that is rooted in caring science can factor in elements of the patient’s religious or spiritual life, leading to what Watson (2009) calls “heart-centered love and caring,” (p. 466). In fact, patient responses to a caring-based approach in my practice has proven that patients need a heartfelt hand, meaningful eye contact, and other signs that the nurse actually cares in addition to being competent. Caring science also promotes humanistic values in healthcare, which can impact public policy or at least institutional practices. I believe it is most important for nurse leaders to ascribe to Watson’s caring science principles because… Continue Reading...

The Gold Coin's Meaning

and with all nations.” Lincoln’s appeal to Americans and to their sense of religious faith—and the fact that an assassin’s bullet cut short the implementation of the vision he beheld for America’s future—prompted the Mint to place “In God We Trust” on the back of the half eagle in 1866. Gobrecht designed the Liberty Head Half Eagle in 1839. Worth $5 at the time, the coin now sells for anywhere between $350 and $16,000 depending on the condition of the coin. Its melt value alone (the value of the gold in the coin) is $295, based on the spot… Continue Reading...

The Third Culture Kids Of Syria

process is tedious too. Disallowing the people who hold divergent religious views from those held by Turkey has been one big hindrance to refugee entry into your country. There are cases that need special asylum status and protection since they could be running away due to political participations or even due to them being activists. Such people are often branded terrorists by their government and your government needs to be more detailed in making out the true terrorist from the branded one hence allowing genuine refugees the chance to enter Turkey. Continue Reading...

Christian Business Leadership Strengths

defeats the populist movement that has arisen in the country. This could lead to a suppression of religious freedom and the rights of Christian business leaders to stand up for Christian values in their own business. · An economic downturn could signal trouble for a Christian business leader, especially if times become hard for families—belts will be tightened and less money will flow into the economy, causing tough choices to be made about raising wages, giving bonuses or laying off workers in order to keep the doors open. · Global politics could break down to such a level that… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

and cross-cultural awareness. For community psychologists, diversity awareness will encompass racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious, gender identity, physical and mental disabilities and more. Social Context and Preventative Interventions One of the main focuses in community psychology is on taking preventative action, identifying risk factors and preventing crises before they arise in the community or the individuals that comprise it. Problems such as substance abuse, crime and delinquency, or violence are treated not at the individual level only, although individuals may manifest some of the problems that are systemic in the community. Using theoretical orientations from sociology, such as social disorganization… Continue Reading...

Women Abolitionists in the 19th Century

them to your neighbors” (Weld, 1838). Weld connected with her audience by often quoting the Bible and using religious imagery to convey the importance and significance of her message. For example, she started off her speech, asking like John the Baptist, “What came ye out for to see? A reed shaken with the wind?” (Weld, 1838). Later she quotes the Book of Samuel after describing how she felt when she knew she had to describe the horrors of slavery to get people to end the practice: “The language of my soul was, "Oh tell it not in Gath, publish it… Continue Reading...

Comparing Nations Civil Order Control

was a workers’ strike or protest being put down by military force or a holdout of a religious sect like the Branch Davidians in Waco being smoked out by the ATF. This paper will discuss how the U.S. deals with these problems and compare and contrast these approaches to other countries, such as Saudi Arabia, Japan, England, and China. It will also discuss the factors that contribute to these similarities. Civil order control in the U.S., like that in England, China, Japan or China, is based on the need for the government to prevent a situation from escalating and… Continue Reading...

Ethics Community and the Common Good Concept

well to secular or political values as to spiritual or religious ones. Social and political organizations should be devoted to the common good, but not all are, as Sullivan & Pagnucco (2014) point out. Some organizations base their founding principles, ideologies, and practices on hatred or fear, thereby detracting from the common good. Catholic Social Teaching offers an idealized model of civil society in which each person is engaged in and committed to the common good: the creation and maintenance of the conditions necessary for human flourishing. The specific methods of working towards the common good, and how the… Continue Reading...

Theory Guided Practice and Nursing

maintenance; 8) Physical hygiene and skin protection; 9) Environmental risk avoidance; 10) Communication; 11) Learning; 12) religious practice; 13) Providing a sense of achievement; and 14) Participation in recreation (Henderson, 1958). Hence, Henderson’s theory may be deemed to facilitate geriatric nursing care, as it favors means of holistic individual assessment. Additionally, it permits systematized care provision grounded in scientific knowledge, critical nurse thinking ability, and taking into consideration stimuli associated with basic geriatric population requirements from a humane, holistic standpoint (Fernandes et al, 2016). Paradigms Person: The one with whom nursing practitioners interact (Potter & Perry, 2005). Henderson puts… Continue Reading...

Political Expression in Today's World

in which authority is granted by way of the religious culture, which serves as the dominant force of information in the Kingdom. The rulers of the KSA are a monarchical family—the House of Saud—whose rule is connected with their wealth and the fact that King Saud conquered the land a century ago and united the various districts under his authority, which initially required force but gradually won acceptance as the state became rich through oil. In every case, the states use their power to command and control their economies, their social policies, the subsidization of entities (health care, housing,… Continue Reading...

Durkheim and Weber on Sociology

in human life, in human understanding. Both examined religion, both discussed the influence of religious culture—but neither had a mystical sense. The Calvinist influence of Weber’s mother can be seen in his fascination with the bureaucracy. The Jewish influence of Durkheim’s family can be seen in his outside and “objective” view on society. Their own methodologies were not unimpacted by their own perspectives and experiences, a point Weber surely should have and no doubt did appreciate to some extent. Yet, in the end, both were negatively affected by WWI, and both were shattered by it and died within years… Continue Reading...

Uae and Japan Relations

than an attempt to forge improved relations based on shared cultural or religious values. As noted above, however, both the UAE and Japan have been transparent about the type of relations that exist between these two trade partners and have expressed the mutual desire to advance their respective economic interests rather than cultivating strong cultural ties. Given the profound differences in religion and culture that characterize the UAE and Japan, this focus on practical goals is readily understandable. Indeed, during his 2013 diplomatic visit to the UAE, the Japanese prime minister cited the UAE’s investment environment which has transformed… Continue Reading...

Dana Incorporated Implementing Change

opportunity. The changing labor force has a variety of needs such as language and religious which creates new training requirements. Conflict and friction are created between demographic groups. Deregulation is another vision of change for organizations. It has created structural changes in some organizations especially in the private sector such as the merging of defense contractors and proliferation of airline companies. Individuals within the labor force are able to sense that they can be cut loose at any time without provision of any warning. Deregulation brings shifts in power such as from the government to the consumer. The first… Continue Reading...

The Islamic State Vice News

nothing close, America does have its own home-grown terrorists with racist, religious, ultra-nationalist leanings not too dissimilar from the Islamic State. References Vice News (2014). The Islamic State. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AUjHb4C7b94 Continue Reading...

Chivalry the Shield and Sir Gawain

era: “Along the way, cellular acts of piety structured the religious component of their daily lives: they heard mass, they made confession, they said prayers, they gave alms. Many reinforced this lifelong cycle by some major act, going on crusade or founding a religious house.”[footnoteRef:12] What is more important is the role of the priest in this practice of confession. The priest was the one who allowed the sins to be forgiven, as he represented God in the confessional and had the power to forgive sins as a part of their sacramental station. When Gawain goes to make his… Continue Reading...

Macintyre S Theory Of Practice

they are specific to the practice that is being performed. Thus, chess practice will have its own internal good; religious practice will have a separate internal good; just like meditation will, dance, karate, construction, and so on. MacIntyre’s notion of a practice thus sheds light on the idea of the virtues by showing how virtue itself is developed. As he states, “A practice involves standards of excellence and obedience to rules as well as the achievement of goods. To enter into a practice is to accept the authority of those standards and the inadequacy of my own performance as… Continue Reading...

Hypercapitalism and the Yellow Vests

are not oriented towards any substantial philanthropic or cultural or religious duty but rather towards full dynastic hegemony (p. 163). The globalized world as not been resettled to promote the Kingship of Christ but rather to extend the reach of McDonald’s, the grasp of Wal-Mart, the ambitious designs of Amazon. These are the nation states of the world today. France, as a country, is finished: the “yellow vests” are angry about it—but they are more angry that they have no stake, no share in the new nations—Wal-Mart, Exxon, Amazon and so on. They are cut out of the profits.… Continue Reading...

Hofstede’s Dimensions and Leadership

term oriented have emphasis placed on truth, consistency and principles. They are nationalistic and religious in nature. As the CEO of an organization in a country with long term orientation, I would behave in the modest way possible and avoid talking about myself (Hofstede, 2011). Short term orientation requires less compromise and use of flattery empowers. Indulgence verses restraint is the Hofstede’s sixth dimension. Countries with high indulgence verses restraint score encourage people to express their emotions by having fun. Countries with low indulgence verses restraints score emphasizes on regulation of people’s behavior and conduct therefore stricter on social… Continue Reading...

Africa and Cultural Studies

associations as well as customary practices among local self-groups and religious institutions. Insights I have gained from previous work include the role of literacy as an important factor in social and economic development. For example, according to Steven Radelet, the Central African Republic is one of ten countries in the developing world “with negative per capita growth, or falling average incomes” (Radlet, 2016, p. 49). Most of these ten countries are indeed in Africa, but the Central African Republic is unique not only for its dismal economic outlook but also for its dismal rate of female literacy. The literacy… Continue Reading...

The Christian Culture Christianitas and Barbarian Cultures Germanitas

and returned land the Church owned to its previous owners to develop religious heterogeneity. However, his reigned ceased when he died in the East while campaigning. The political boundaries of the Roman Empire diminished and collapsed in the west, but Christianity continued to grow and spread beyond the Empire’s old borders into lands the Romans never owned. The Western Roman Empire collapsed gradually between the 4th and 5th centuries. The “barbarian” kingdoms took over. They saw themselves as “Roman” and kept several institutions that belonged to the classical Romans. However, the new kingdoms had different political cultures and structures.… Continue Reading...

Is God a Good God

"Augustine on the Origin and Progress of Evil." The Journal of religious Ethics (1988), 10.] [3: Fulton Sheen, Life of Christ (NY: Image Books, 2008), 74.] C. S. Lewis puts it best when he says that to ask whether the world was made by a loving God or by an indifferent God is to ask the wrong question and to ignore the drama of the entire Old and New Testament, which explains the matter fully: Christianity, Lewis states, “is a catastrophic historical event following on the long spiritual preparation of humanity.”[footnoteRef:4] It is catastrophic because it so upended the world that… Continue Reading...

Israel S Human Rights Violations

in their homeland of Ethiopia, because they were Jews. The religious discrimination is what caused the immigration to Israel in the 1980s. Majority of Ethiopian immigrants appeared in two groups to Israel. The first was called ‘Operation Moses’ in 1985-6, while the second was ‘Operation Solomon’ which was in 1991 (Ben-Eliezer, 2004). Roughly 100,000 Jewish Ethiopians migrated to Israel, causing an immeasurable confusion for both groups. Within the Israeli government there is a Parliament or House of Representatives function, which is known as the Israeli Knesset. These seats are elected in by the citizens; however, the Israeli elections are… Continue Reading...

Alternative Points Of View on the Abortion Debate

fluctuated between condoning abortion and banning it (Ravitz, 2016). Current anti-abortion rhetoric is frequently cloaked in religious terminology, primarily from the Christian tradition, even though the Bible does not expressly outlaw abortion (“Historical Attitudes to Abortion,” n.d.). The view that life is sacred does permeate most religious and ethical traditions, but this precept can also be applied to women—fully-fledged human beings whose life is also sacred. Abortion debates should therefore, always be framed in terms of gender norms. To ban abortion effectively means to legally strip a woman of her personal rights and freedoms, such as the right to… Continue Reading...

Sartre's Existentialism Is a Humanism

ignorant and anti-social. They viewed existentialism as pessimistic because it denied the religious truths that men had accepted and embraced for hundreds of years. Existentialists, Sartre argued on the opposite hand, were nothing more than naturalists: they did not need a God or theology to give them their essence. Their essence was determined by their experience and their own existence. That is why existentialism was a humanism: it was a man-centered approach to understanding one’s place in the world and one’s responsibilities. Sartre did not see this view as pessimistic at all. He saw it rather as the reality… Continue Reading...

Gender Status Impact Access to Social Political and Economic Resources

lower educational qualification, absence of capital, lower political influence, and societal, religious and cultural limitations and rules. Even in gender-neutral commercial and legal settings, gender-based results may be witnessed that are to females’ detriment. For instance, though the law might state that males as well as females may register businesses, cultural limitations on females’ right to move around society freely can limit their capability of commuting to relevant local governmental offices in order for doing so (Fitriani, 4). Further, female entrepreneurial activities have typically been restricted to informal areas, reducing their expansion opportunities on account of credit limitations. Another… Continue Reading...

Cult Of the Saints: Its Rise and Function in Latin Christianity

satisfactory explanation of the rise of the cult of the saints was that it was a truly religious movement, prompted by experience, sustained by a new faith, supported by a new organization of leaders who likewise shared in the belief. [6: Ibid 18.] [7: Ibid 19.] [8: Ibid 22.] Brown brings up the argument of modern historians who favor the “two-tiered model” in relation to Augustine (a leading light of the intellectual world in late antiquity), who became a Christian, a participant in the cult of saints, and eventually a saint himself.[footnoteRef:9] The “two-tiered model” assumes that a landslide… Continue Reading...

Justification Of the State

Many countries that recently experienced conflict and turmoil politically cannot be relied on to provide security for their citizens. One of the common problems in such states is that there are no sufficient manpower resources to offer effective service in the military, police and other such services. In fact, where units of such services exist, they are widely viewed as part of the problem afflicting the people. The reasons for the perceptions are broad. They may be viewed as corrupt or supporting criminal gangs that operate counter to the wishes of the wider society. They may also be tools used… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. As Cobbs shows, Jefferson was all for the protection of religious liberty—which he demonstrated in his proposal to protect religious freedom in 1786 (Cobbs). Even the Declaration of Independence was rooted in Enlightenment ideology. Enlightenment philosopher John Locke, for instance, wrote that people had the right “to change a government that did not protect natural rights of life, liberty and property” (“The Beginnings of Revolutionary Thinking”). The Declaration of Independence stated explicitly that “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator… Continue Reading...

Case Study Of Copper Coil

of aspects such as gender, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, religious and political philosophies, educational level and socioeconomic backgrounds (Rasool, Khatir, and Nadir, 2018). A diverse workforce comprises of persons from an assortment of cultures, viewpoints and background is essential. Companies that produce inclusivity within the workplace environment attain increased productivity and job satisfaction for their employees, therefore diminishing employee turnover. Employee diversity can also produce conflicts amongst the staff owing to variances in perceptions, notions, behaviors, and political and religious dissimilarities. Employee Engagement Employee engagement is delineated as the level of dynamism, dedication and captivation of the employees towards… Continue Reading...

Nursing Burnout Issue at a Facility

even when no one is looking. The facility does not have a religious foundation. The facility operations do reflect the culture of the community. The facility implements a spirit of inquiry and use of evidence based practice in patient care in the following ways. This facility’s patient population is mostly patients that have trach and are ventilator dependent. Research studies have shown that about 10-20% acquires ventilator associated pneumonia and eventually die. This facility follows the guide lines of the institute for healthcare improvement. This measures includes elevation of head of bed 30 to 45 degrees to prevent aspiration. Provision… Continue Reading...

Stopping Of Female Genital Mutilation

like a blade or glass by some unskilled town, religious, or traditional leader. In some instances medical professionals conducted FGM. FGM is quite different from male circumcision in that it unlike male circumcision that has real health benefits female circumcision has no known medical benefits (Kandala & Komba, 2018). It is widely agreed upon that FGM violates the human rights of the victims and increases the health complications of the person on whom it is inflicted (Kandala & Komba, 2018). According to the World Health Organization, FGM intentionally causes injury to the genital organs of the female without any… Continue Reading...

Political and Religious Action in the World

vision and ethics in common to all cultures and traditions. Moreover, the political and religious spheres can and should be differentiated due to their fundamentally different methodologies and goals. Separation of Church and State does not mean that Christians are exempt from a duty to take action. Evangelism is in many ways the opposite of apathy—it means taking action in a decisive way that reflects the universal ethical principles upon which a better world is built. Balancing the spiritual with the political is one of the most difficult challenges for modern Catholics. In fact, any spiritually minded person who… Continue Reading...

Race and Racism Who Are You?

in claiming their rightful place and sustaining their cultural, religious, and social outlook.    Works Cited Hassan, Adeel. “Confronting Asian-American Stereotypes.” The New York Times. Web. n.d.     <https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/23/us/confronting-asian-american-stereotypes.html>   Huh, Min. “Media Representation of Asian Americans and Asian Native New Yorkers’ Hybrid     Persona.” City University of New York (CUNY) Academic Works (2016): n. pag. City     University of New York (CUNY) Academic Works. Web. <     https://academicworks.cuny.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2381&context=gc_etds> Mok, T. A. “Getting the Message: Media Images and Stereotypes and Their Effect on Asian     Americans.” Cultural Diversity and Mental Health1998: 185–202. Cultural Diversity and     Mental Health. Web.… Continue Reading...

How to Manage a Non Profit Health Care Organization

of the members of the community in a Christian spirit. Many non-profits take a religious orientation in their service provisions and CHI is no different. Its vision is to “lead the transformation of health care to achieve optimal health and well-being for the individuals and communities we serve, especially those that are poor and vulnerable” (Our Mision, 2019). Through the mission described above, CHI focuses on transforming the way in which health care is delivered to the “poor and vulnerable”—i.e., the marginalized and underserved, which includes the elderly population. By focusing especially on this population, CHI is able to… Continue Reading...

Globalization and Major Programmes

instance, a division of labor amongst groups that do not talk to one another for political, religious, or other biased reasons that are not linked with the project. Imperatively, these divisions do play a key role in conditions but they make it considerably challenging to cope with the hiding hand owing to the reason that groups perceive failure as a period to take up their portion rather than seek out an accommodating solution. There are different ways of mitigating uncertainties. First of all, it is conceivable to diminish uncertainty by the paying the prices of foregoing the potentially most… Continue Reading...

Christianity and Paganism in Beowulf

treasures since this a period well before the arrival of the printing press nearly a thousand years later.[footnoteRef:11] religious communities were committed to preserving these manuscripts and clerics were of vital importance to their intellectual life. One of the most important manuscripts to be passed around was the Lives of the Saints, which was used to catechize the English. As the missionaries would carry the relics of saints with them to their various assignments and churches throughout England, having the Saints Lives books with them helped to inform the people they converted as to the meaning and significance of… Continue Reading...

Rousseau and Human Rights

the Old World order and the implementation of a new order based not on religious beliefs or dynastic assembly but rather on wealth, the levers of finance, and the use of sheer force in dominating opponents when wealth and finance failed to lure them in. The past 300 years were shaped by Enlightenment shape in terms of politics, but in terms of practical policy, they were shaped as much by the engineers of high finance and the Age of Rothschild as by anything else. Human rights were just window dressing—a way for the ruling classes to sell their actions… Continue Reading...

A Strong and Clear Boundary Between Church and State

law giving the state permission to collect tax from the church and also to fund religious programs (Curry, 1987). Despite each being independent, they have a role of helping one another in case of infringement of human rights and freedoms by either of them. An example is in a situation where the state is exploiting the citizens and failing in practicing their responsibility, the church has a right to criticize the state. On the other hand, in case the government perceives that a certain religion is practising activities which put the security of the citizens to risk, they have… Continue Reading...

Qi Gong Religion and China

The Qi Gong religious movement was founded in China. It basis its teachings on natural body exercises such as yawning and stretching to relax, and pinching, rubbing or pressing to ease the pain (Liu, 384). The activities have evolved to teachings on how to coordinate breathing and body movements. The Qi Gong religious movement has advanced teachings on training both the body and the mind to provide spiritual solutions that did not exist before. The following essay demystifies the Qi Gong religious movement on its foundation, influences,… Continue Reading...

Ethical Framework

have a duty to uphold. Personal Application My ethical framework is based on a mixture of religious conviction and ideology. The religious conviction is that Christ taught the Golden Rule when He taught His followers to love God and love their neighbors. His teachings were taught to me from a young age and they have stayed with me over the years. My own moral development occurred through the lens of the Christian religion. However, there is much in Christianity that is universal. The ideology of my framework, for example, is that the Golden Rule is basically an ideal that has translated… Continue Reading...

Reason for Supporting the American Revolution

they saw fit. Penn wanted to support the idea of religious freedom and so he welcomed all manner of diverse people into his colony—Catholics, Quakers and anyone else who was met with scorn by the Puritans. The problem of taxation was also a big one—so it was not just a religious issue or an issue related to law and order. It was also an economic issue—and the New World wanted to be able to trade with other countries without having to go through the Crown to do it. France however was unwilling to offend England—so it was more than… Continue Reading...

Feudalism in Europe and Japan

the emergence of the feudal system. In Japan, a religious leader i.e. emperor constituted one segment of the society’s political leadership. Japanese revered their emperor since they believed that he acted as the link to the past and to the gods. Therefore, medieval Japan placed significant emphasis on religion through reverence of the emperor. In Europe, the Roman Empire acted as the central authority prior to the emergence of feudalism. Religion was regarded as the powerful force that united a very disorganized grouped of people. Consequently, religious leaders and institutions, particularly the Catholic Church, were rich and powerful in… Continue Reading...

Why the Beatles Were Loved

How the Beatles Made History Introduction Everyone knows their names, even if one never cared for their music: Ringo, John, Paul, and George. Just 15, 16 and 17 respectively, George Harrison, Paul McCartney and John Lennon came together in 1958—young but passionate musicians from Liverpool, England, who wanted to play jazz, blues and folk music on improvised instruments. By 1962, they had added Ringo Starr to the group. With Starr on drums, the group’s first single “Love Me Do” hit the airwaves and changed the face of pop music forever. Beatlemania became a thing and the Beatles themselves became “more… Continue Reading...

Game Of Thrones

by Carice van Houten; Sir Davos Seaworth, played by Liam Cunningham; Margaery Tyrell, played by Natalie Dormer; and the religious leader the High Sparrow, played by Jonathan Pryce.  It is also home to Ellaria Sand, played by Indira Varma, who is an enemy of the Lannisters.   There is another family that plays a role in Game of Thrones, though they are not associated with a particular land.  Instead, the Targaryen family is composed of exiles.  Their family was overthrown by King Robert Baratheon.  The family consists of Viserys Targaryen, played by Harry Lloyd; and Daenerys Targaryen, played by… Continue Reading...

Fair Housing Act

their assessments of impediments the gathering and documentation of appropriate demographic patterns together with concentrations of ethnic, racial, religious, linguistic, or income groups and disable individuals as shown in state federal, and other reliable sources of information and data (HUD, 2017). The analysis/ evaluation of impediments should include demographic information and other related fair housing data. The evaluations ought to also entail mapping systems such as GIS to represent residential patterns. FHA regulations ought to also define integrative and segregated housing effects especially by taking into account how minority concentration is defined e.g. whether an area is habited by… Continue Reading...

America's Anti Immigrant Orders and Its Implications

taken as biased and unjust by analysts and other stakeholders because it is associated with religious and racial undertones. As he strove towards eliminating terrorists from other countries in USA, the president has developed multiple executive bills on immigration. These orders inclusive of the one about border security where federal agencies have been ordered to build physical walls to lock those entering illegally through the border and to eliminate those immigrants who don’t have an authentic evidence to stay. And they do so without a court hearing. Moreover, other bills majored on terrorism and banned people from 7 islamic… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality in Arabia

world was characterized by “a patriarchal ethos and conservative religious social and cultural norms that underline the rights and privileges of men vis-à-vis women while limiting women’s rights” (European Parliament 17). Nonetheless, there are a host of changes which have taken place in these countries, and which will continue to take place to fortify the rights of women in the hopes of achieving gender equality in this region. Perhaps the most salient of these is the Arab Spring and all of the internal political dissent and strife that has materialized in this part of the world fairly recently (European… Continue Reading...

Jerusalem Dome Of Rock

Jerusalem has changed hands more than 30 times, with various religious groups taking possession of it. The Crusades were largely fought over control of the region between Christians and Muslims. The Muslims controlled it through the end of the Middle Ages to the modern era. In the 20th century, Zionists were seeking a home for the Jews to call their own. The British were in control of Jerusalem and Palestine at the time and they arranged to give access to the region to the Zionists with the Balfour Declaration. The Jewish state was recognized by the U.S. in 1948—which… Continue Reading...

Hubris and Fate Euripides’ Bacchae

the capacity to change. Secondly, although he is committing an offense in terms of attempting to regulate people’s religious expression, there is no question that the revelers of Dionysius have been highly disruptive to society. Even though Pentheus oversteps his boundaries a ruler, and also is wrong to attempt to penetrate the ceremony of the god in disguise, this offense is not so great that he deserves death. But Greek mythology, unlike a secular system of justice, is not interested in what is fair. It attempts to educate its readers about eternal moral truths, similar to how Oedipus’ blindness… Continue Reading...

Surrender to Love

According to Banner, Christians have substituted the ideology on theology with religious notions, with the one weakness that, there is no one in their hearts (p. 30). There is a need for humans to move beyond belief to knowing God personally. Formula for change Benner formula for change is founded on three aspects purgation, illumination, and union. Purgation is repentance and total surrendering to gods love. illumination is a process for an individual recognizes sin and through sadness, appreciates Gods love and grace. The union is the process of recognition that humans are only safe with Christ Jesus and… Continue Reading...

Recent Immigration in the United States

the policy of the United States as one that does not give any preference to any religious and ethnic preference. Instead, the United States focuses on creating a national identity that is consistent with the national ideals it holds dear such as the equality of all men, democracy, and tolerance. Therefore, even when there is no overlap between cultures and identities, there need not be a competition between the cultures. They can coexist with each other. This leaves the individual with free will to chart their own course and examine how much their own beliefs align with the goals… Continue Reading...