Reviews Essays


Analyzing Critical Criminology

Lavenberg. (2009). The Role of the Family in Crime and Delinquency: Evidence from Prior Quantitative reviews. The Southwest Journal of Criminal Justice, 6(2). Retrieved, from http://swacj.org/swjcj/archives/6.2/3%20Petrosino%20et%20al.pdf (n.d.). Sage Pub. Theories of Causation. Retrieved August 10, 2016, from http://www.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/38668_4.pdf Seigel, L. (2000). National Criminal Justice Reference Service. NCJRS Abstract - National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved August 13, 2016, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=185187 Silverman, R. (2004). MARVIN EUGENE WOLFGANG. PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, 148(4). Retrieved, from https://amphilsoc.org/sites/default/files/proceedings/480416.pdf (n.d.). Study.com - Take Online Courses. Earn College Credit. Research Schools, Degrees & Careers. Social Conflict Theory and Crime: Definitions and Approach to… Continue Reading...

Court Process, Judicial Process, and Constitutional Issues

generating fundamental changes in law. Week 5: Discussion In the American judicial system, the Supreme Court reviews very few cases most of whom are appeals from lower courts. It should not be mandatory for the Supreme Court to review more cases despite having appellate jurisdiction. The best legal standard to determine whether the Supreme Court should review a case includes the national significance of the case, its precedential value, and the need to create harmony between conflicting decisions. Week 6: Discussion 1 The U.S. Supreme Court is an important element of the nation's criminal justice system given its original and appellate… Continue Reading...

Policy Evaluation

understand the extent that the programs that vary in terms of size and importance should be subjected to evaluation. • reviews of programs and evaluation will be done in line with schedules of annual evaluation; approved by the executives of the department and taken to the Expenditure Review Committee of the Cabinet every financial year. There should be non-discriminatory periodic evaluation and review, of some form, of all programs. • Sound evaluation is a key component of any high value investment by the government that includes numerous investment initiatives funded via internal resource reallocation. It is mandatory to evaluate programs… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

elusive" (p. 201). Therefore, in order to help fill this gap, this study reviews three recent peer-reviewed journal articles concerning the impact of social media on rates and patterns of social change in recent years following using the researcher role described further below. Part 2: Role of the Researcher Review your analytic memos, field notes, etc., written during each aspect of the data collection process, and examine your role and experience and how that is shaping your experience (reflexivity). Although the role of the researcher is comparable for both qualitative and quantitative studies (Neuman, 2003), the outcomes that can… Continue Reading...

Csi Effect

2007). This discussion seeks to establish the effect of CSI on criminal justice system. The paper reviews previous literature on the subject. Background According to a survey that was recently conducted, most jurors today expect more forensic evidence in crime cases as a result of the TV program: Crime Scene Investigation. Indeed, many jurors also believe that CSI has made the conviction process all the more harder (Hughes & Magers, 2007). In the summary of the analysis of 318 magazine and newspaper articles focusing on the effects of CSI, up to 8.5% made reference to quotes associated with a… Continue Reading...

Systematic Review

on health sciences, there is difficulty for researchers and clinicians to be up-to-date with the studies. Therefore, reviews that give a summary of the impact of different intervention experiments are a greatly efficient way to come up with a conclusion of what is effective and what isn't. Systematic reviews are different from the traditional kind in many ways. According to Petticrew and Roberts (2006), the systematic type of reviews normally involve a comprehensive and in depth plan along with search approach that is presumptive, with the aim of reducing partiality by finding, assessing, and integrating all significant research on… Continue Reading...

Nursing Theory into Action

Nadelson and Nadelson's (2014) "Evidence-based practice article reviews using CASP tools: A method for teaching EBP." This work of literature is based on the notion that evidence-based practice is critical to the practice of nursing. It denotes exactly just what evidence-based practice involves, utilizing information gained from clinical trials and other forms of evidence as the means of effecting better nursing treatment. The most interesting facet of this article is the notion that evidence-based practice is best learned, or perhaps gleaned, via reading articles. Specifically, this approach… Continue Reading...

The Best Approach to Human Resources

of the affected. In many situations, it comes down to whether a non-biased third party reviews the situation and comes to the conclusion that the right decision was made. Key Performance Measurements The end of the section about human resources delivery metrics segues nicely into what is being discussed next, and that would be key performance metrics. The term is often shortened to KPM or might be called a key performance indicator (CPS, 2016). Regardless of what it is called, it is the extension of what was mentioned when it came to human resources metrics and the same overall… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

mentions and what is needed, are more studies and reviews that help provide information on what works when it comes to technology integration and what does not. This will then lend to a better understanding of the necessary steps needed to achieve a change both on the policy level and execution. Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Why are you discussing descriptive articles? Comment by Steve Moskowitz: Can you find another source, this was just used in the previous para. Another important discovery the researchers made was the nature of research before and after 2000. Before 2000, researchers aimed to examine… Continue Reading...

My Life

my free time to analyzing and studying different financial aspects such as the stock market, and financial reviews. I constantly watching channels such as Bloomberg and the financial news give me not only more insight into the financial world but also give me more inspiration to achieve my goals and dreams. On the other hand, I am cognizant of the fact that life is not easy and cannot be deemed as a bed of roses. I know that I am bound to face several challenges and hardships along the way. However, these are simply a fundamental component of life… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

been published under his real name. Such works may be categorized into the genres of edifying discourses, deliberations, and reviews. Through indirect communication, he aims at positioning his readers to connect to the truth with enough enthusiasm, instead of communicating it as such. References BERTMA, MARTIN A. (1990). KIERKEGAARD and/or PHILOSOPHY. History of European Ideas, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 117-126. Evans, C. Stephen. (n.d.). Kierkegaard: An Introduction, Cambridge University Press Garff, Joachim. (2005), Soren Kierkegaard: A Biography, trans. Bruce H. Kirmmse, Princeton: Princeton University Press. Malik, Habib C. (1997). Receiving Soren Kierkegaard: The Early Impact and Transmission of… Continue Reading...

Genetic Testing

Human Genetics, 21(8), 793-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2012.271 Katsanis, S. & Katsanis, N. (2013). Molecular genetic testing and the future of clinical genomics.Nature reviews Genetics, 14(6), 415-426. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrg3493 Mand, C., Gillam, L., Delatycki, M., & Duncan, R. (2012). Predictive genetic testing in minors for late-onset conditions: a chronological and analytical review of the ethical arguments: Figure 1. J Med Ethics, 38(9), 519-524. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/medethics-2011-100055 Minear, M., Alessi, S., Allyse, M., Michie, M., & Chandrasekharan, S. (2015). Noninvasive Prenatal Genetic Testing: Current and Emerging Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues. Annu. Rev. Genom. Hum. Genet., 16(1), 369-398. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-genom-090314-050000 Roberts, J. & Ostergren, J. (2013). Direct-to-Consumer Genetic… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

level prior to the next meeting. Item Estimated cost ($) Stationery Personnel Miscellaneous Quality Management Thorough operational practice reviews must be performed. Step-wise procedures need to be executed and, initially, monitored on a constant basis for ensuring norms are followed or standard requirements are fulfilled. The scenario resembles challenges producers who consider outsourcing logistics activities to 3PL (Third Party Logistics) companies encounter, particularly if it's their first time undertaking such an activity. There are many examples of manufacturers who create a functional environment wherein necessary legal standards (particularly Health, Safety, and the Environment (HSE)) are interwoven into corporate cultures (Spychalski, 2011). If a new third party… Continue Reading...

Return on Investment with Fall Prevention

and healthcare providers in general. Programs and services that would be looked at would include exercise programs, medication reviews, vision screening and home assessments. The reach of this data collection and review would necessarily encompass the actual adults that are 65+, consumers, healthcare providers, children of elderly adults, caregivers, community service providers, policymakers and state coalition makers. Finally, there are the aforementioned outcomes. The NCOA is prescient enough to know that some outcomes render and come out sooner than others. With that in mind, they have short-term outcomes, medium-term outcomes and long-term outcomes (NCOA, 2016). Conclusion Just as is… Continue Reading...

Sea Treasures – Business Model

are now influenced by informed choices provided on a business website, product reviews and information shared on social media sites. The changes are revolutionary. One must follow suit or lag behind in the marketing and sales competition (Bradley, 2016). It is suggested to marketers that in order to attend to aquarium needs by households in the short-term (Selvarasu & Sankaran, 2011) by retaining aquarium features, they should i. In the case of lobbyists, aquarium need has to be met by aquarium business service offer ii. The need for aquarium for business enterprises should be offered on the basis of… Continue Reading...

Nursing License and Process

for the entire health segment. References Allied health services: avoiding crises. (1989). Choice reviews Online, 26(10), 26-5685-26-5685. http://dx.doi.org/10.5860/choice.26-5685 Baron, R. & Johnson, D. (2014). The American Board of Internal Medicine: Evolving Professional Self-regulation. Annals Of Internal Medicine, 161(3), 221. http://dx.doi.org/10.7326/m13-2478 Carpenter, E. (1996). Licensing and credentialing in the health care industry. Washington D.C.: Dept. for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO. Cobos, A. (2012). Healthcare Licensing and Credentialing: Forseability of Upstream and Downstream Collateral Consequences. Texas Tech Administrative Law Journal. Gingerich, B. & Ondeck, D. (1997). Credentialing and Accreditation: What Exists for Health Care Provider Organizations. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 9(4), 67-68.… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

Psychology Analysis of the crime scene After Jeffrey Dahmer was sentenced, he was taken to the Correctional Institution of Columbia, located in Portage; a town in Wisconsin. During his first incarceration year, Dahmer was confined separately in order to keep him physically safe in case he interacted with other prisoners. With his consent, when the first solitary confinement year was over, Dahmer was taken to a unit that was less secure. Here, he was made to work for two hours each day; he used to clean the ablution block. Apparently, Dahmer adapted well to life in prison, although he had… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

researchers have since termed the epidemic as "a disease of the global system" (Powers, 2016, p. 239). This paper reviews the relevant peer-reviewed literature as well as nongovernmental organizational resources to evaluate the adequacy of the public infrastructure developed in response to this global problem and a discussion concerning the most important needs in shaping and sustaining the infrastructure for dealing with this public health problem. Finally, a series of recommended changes are followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the HIV / AIDS global epidemic in the conclusion. Adequacy of workforce, communications and tracking… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

issues with respect to the client. In addition, the reviews were undertaken with truthfulness and forthrightness and are well thought out (Mintz, 2015). 6. Assume a U.S. company operates overseas and is approached by foreign governments officials with a request to provide family members with student internships with the company. The company does business in that country with foreign customers and is negotiating for a contract with one such customer to provide services. Under what circumstances might such a request violate the FCPA? Companies as well as individuals are subject to criminal and civil consequences if and when found… Continue Reading...

Use Of Smartphones and Sleep Time

(2015). Screen time and sleep among school-aged children and adolescents: A systematic literature review. Sleep Medicine reviews, 21, 50-58. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2014.07.007 Seale, C., Gobo, G., Gubrium, J. F., & Silverman, D. (2007). Qualitative research practice. London. Continue Reading...

Song Lyrics Analysis

Kenal. "When I was your man Bruno Mars lyrics deliver emotion." Music reviews. Cool World of Art - Kenalsworld by Kenal Louis - Visual Artist, 3 Dec. 2012. Web. 15 Dec. 2016. Popdust. Bruno Mars "when I was your man" lyrics analysis: How sorry is he, really? Popdust, 8 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2016. Wells, Lucero. Lyric analysis: When i was your man by Bruno Mars (English 1). prezi.com, 2016. Web. 15 Dec. 2016. Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

1999). The methods (based on community guide) for running reviews and connecting evidence to recommendations have been cast into the spotlight elsewhere. In summary, each community guide topic; a team of multidisciplinary background runs a review that is based on the following (Briss, Zara, & Pappaioanou, 2000): • Creating an organizing formula and strategy for the selection of interventions to be examined; • Looking for and retrieving evidence in a systematic way • Assessing and evaluating and summarizing the quality of evidence found • Examining the cost effectiveness of the available evidence and pointing out the barriers that may… Continue Reading...

Starbucks Financial Assessment

Huijsman, R. (2014). Making Franchising Work: A Framework Based on a Systematic Review. International Journal of Management reviews, 16(1), 62 -- 83. Phan, M., Thomas, R., & Heine, K. (2011). Social Media and Luxury Brand Management: The Case of Burberry. Journal of Global Fashion Marketing: Bridging Fashion and Marketing, 2(4), 213 -- 222. Schiller, R. J. (2015). Irrational Exuberance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Schultz, H., & Gordon, J. (2011). Onward How Starbucks Fought for Its Life without Losing Its Soul. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. Schultz, H., & Yang, D. J. (1998). Pour Your Heart into it: How… Continue Reading...

The Greatest Ponzi Scheme

of the work from a professional entity within the same industry (Fountain, 2016). Peer reviews include a detailed examination of any accounting work from the company by another company that has no affiliations or connections with the professional entity being audited. This allows for an independent qualification/corroboration of accounted displayed to auditor or clients. The exercise guarantees the firm audited maintained industry standards and keeps accounting practices above board with any conflicting interests eliminated. If Madoff's firm would have undergone a peer review, his fraudulent actions would have been recognized because the peer review process raises questions on resource… Continue Reading...

Interesting Questions on Edmund Twyford

would have probably made the book more interesting to readers rather than boring as most reviews have indicated. Moreover, the author, Clara Reeve, could not have handled the other characters in a more gentle way as she did because of the probable negative impact of Edmund's bad personality on them. As shown in the plot of the book, some of the characters appeared good and gentle because of Edmund's excellent personality. Therefore, if Edmund had a bad personality and character, these individuals would have reacted in a different way and appeared differently rather than being good and gentle. Work… Continue Reading...

Spina Bifida

& Barnes, M. (2010). The cognitive phenotype of Spina Bifidameningomyelocele. Developmental Disabilities Research reviews, 16(1), 31-39. doi:10.1002/ddrr.89 Fletcher, J. &Brei, T. (2010). Introduction: Spina Bifida-A multidisciplinary perspective. Developmental Disabilities Research reviews, 16(1), 1-5. doi:10.1002/ddrr.101 Foster, M. (2016). Spina Bifida: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology. Emedicine.medscape.com. Retrieved 22 February 2017, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/311113-overview Greene, N. &Copp, A. (2016). Spina Bifida. Reference Module in Life Sciences. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-809633-8.07194-6 International Federation for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus (2017).SPINA BIFIDA -- FACTSHEET Retrieved 22 February 2017, from https://www.ifglobal.org/images/documents/IF_SPINA BIFIDA_factsheet.pdf Mertens, P. (2012, November). Spina Bifida and primary prevention. In Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases (Vol. 7, No. S2,… Continue Reading...

Southernization and Westernization

Stearns, is potentially problematic because more alternate and different ways of giving summaries and reviews of certain eras is necessary so as to keep things as information-filled and accurate as possible. It is also important to make it clear when theory and conjecture are in play and why alternate theories that are nonetheless present are not mentioned or accepted as firmly [footnoteRef:2]. [1: Shafer, Lynda. 2017. "Southernization." Hawaii.Edu. http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/journals/jwh/jwh051p001.pdf.] [2: Stearns, Peter N. 1987. "Periodization In World History Teaching: Identifying The Big Changes." The History Teacher 20 (4): 561. doi:10.2307/493757.] It is important to note what other historians have… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

of visible leadership with regards to the implementation of the HSE programmes. More importantly, the study reviews most important hazards to identify whether the risks have been reduced to an tolerable level, and however, the paper finds that the reduction of the hazards level is inadequate. The study evaluates and measures the risk associated with working at height and noise to reduce them to a level as ALARP (As Low as Reasonably Practicable). HSE assurance is provided by identifying and managing risks, according to the principles of risk tolerance, risk reduction and continuous performance improvement. The ALARP control principle… Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

improve parental QOL. The most salient component of this research is its literature search. Literature reviews help researchers gain more knowledge regarding the topic of study. They enable scholars to examine existing information regarding the topic, decide how to differentiate their work from available works (thereby contributing to the literature pool on the subject), and develop a conceptual framework and research design. The latter may also be achieved based on existing literature that serves to guide scholars with regard to sound research performance strategies. For instance, literature on the topic at hand may help instruct the research scholar regarding the… Continue Reading...

Solving the Fedex Situation

sound global footprint. Ever since its institution, the multinational has garnered positive reviews on the part of specialist commercial managers, business partners and its own workforce. Star candidates from the HR pool, with advanced educational qualifications and first-rate experience, are hired via a great vetting process, to handle its HR department. In spite of its favorable reviews and praises, FedEx experiences a few management-level failures which need addressing. I believe a few of the organization's HR management approaches aren't appropriate and require keen focus. A key issue which must be immediately resolved is personnel downsizing, which has left the… Continue Reading...

Child Development

theory of intellectual development and its implication for instructional management at pre-secondary school level. Educational Research and reviews, 5(7), 366. Retrieved from http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1379610138_Simatwa.pdf Ojose, B. (2008). Applying Piaget's theory of cognitive development to mathematics instruction. The Mathematics Educator, 18(1). Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ841568.pdf Woody, D. J. (2003). Infancy and toddlerhood. Dimensions of human behavior: The changing life course, 113-158. Retrieved from https://us.corwin.com/sites/default/files/upm-binaries/16296_Chapter_3.pdf Continue Reading...

Herbal Medication in Handling Heart Diseases Among Women

from http://www.unifra.br/pos/aafarm/downloads/_intera%C3%A7_%20cardiovascular.pdf The article is a culmination of research and extensive literature reviews done by three researchers and specialists in the herbal medicine field of medical therapies. It is an academic and professional article widely informed by the ever rising use and need to use the herbal medicine in the USA. The FDA has weighed in especially in terms of the safety concerns of these various herbs hence this article objectively looks at the issues concerning the benefits, the adverse effects and the therapeutic value of various herbal therapies particularly among patients with cardiovascular diseases. The article highlights the challenges… Continue Reading...

Digital Marketing Details and Plans

follows: Sharing Only • Mentions • Shares (Social Media) • Reposts (Social Media) • reviews Web Properties • Website • Mobile Site • Blog Site • Social Media Channels Paid Media • Pay Per Click • Display Ads • Retargeting • Paid Influencers • Paid Content Promotion • Social Media Ads Earned/Paid Benefits • Propelling of sharing and engagement with the use of paid promotion Owned/Paid Benefits • Gain more overall exposure to web properties that use search engine optimization (SEO) and/or pay per click (PPC) Earned/Owned Benefits • Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and brand named content that drives earned media (e.g. shares on… Continue Reading...

Nursing Rules and Regulations

If your state has its own rule regarding incident-based peer reviews, identify the rule in your responses, and apply it to the scenario instead. A. No, the scenario does not describe violations of Rule 217.19. Explain which parts of the scenario might cause questions, but why they are not violations of Rule 217.19. You will lose major points if explanation with critical thinking is not provided. (If you believe that violations did occur, leave this space blank and proceed to the next section.) B. Yes, violations occurred. First, review your learning about incident-based peer review. In the first column… Continue Reading...

What Defines Minor Incident in Texas

If your state has its own rule regarding incident-based peer reviews, identify the rule in your responses, and apply it to the scenario instead. A. No, the scenario does not describe violations of Rule 217.19. Explain which parts of the scenario might cause questions, but why they are not violations of Rule 217.19. You will lose major points if explanation with critical thinking is not provided. (If you believe that violations did occur, leave this space blank and proceed to the next section.) B. Yes, violations occurred. First, review your learning about incident-based peer review. In the first column… Continue Reading...

Brain Effects from Video Games

Merzenich, M. M., & Gentile, D. A. (2011). Brains on video games. Nature reviews Neuroscience, 12(12), 763-768. Gentile, D. D., Bender, P. K., & Anderson, C. A. (2017). Violent video game effects on salivary cortisol, arousal, and aggressive thoughts in children. Computers in Human Behavior, 7039-43. Salminen, M., & Ravaja, N. (2007). Oscillatory Brain Responses Evoked by Video Game Events: The Case of Super Monkey Ball 2. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 10(3), 330- 338. doi:10.1089/cpb.2006.9947 Shams, T. A., Foussias, G., Zawadzki, J. A., Marshe, V. S., Siddiqui, I., Muller, D. J., & Wong, C. (2015). The Effects of Video Games on… Continue Reading...

Public Sector Performance Measurement

performance management. The review is based on various types of sources, including conceptual articles, systematic reviews, as well as primary studies (case studies, surveys, and mixed methods studies). Following a comprehensive definition of PBM, attention is paid to the impact of PBM and employee and organizational outcomes, as well as PBM implementation, antecedents, and key success factors. What is PBM Defining PBM can be quite problematic, with the term being often confused with performance measurement (Rivenbank, Fasiello & Adamo, 2016). In addition, performance management is often thought to involve only personnel management processes such as employee performance appraisal (Turk,… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

make changes in the firm's leadership and operating environment. The implemented changes should be subject to periodic reviews and improvements until the desired goals of the solution are realized. Employees should be given avenues to provide feedback regarding the changes as they are implemented from time to time. The human resource department should work with the taskforce to create policies and practices that promote flexibility within the workplace. The long-term focus of the implementation of this solution to the creation of a workplace that is characterized by flexibility, creativity, and innovation. These policies should incorporate a framework through which… Continue Reading...

Are Olay's Claims Ethical

on the webpage in question. As of the screen capture, there have been 23,282 reviews and the average score is 3.87 on a five-point scale. One thing that has to be asked is to what extent (if at all) that those reviews and scores have been manipulated or played with, either by Olay themselves or by reviewers that are not ethical or honest themselves. Regardless, 3.87 is a decent, although not excellent, score. A lot of the poorer scores could be because of unrealistic expectations from consumers. On the other hand, those warped expectations could stem from the way… Continue Reading...

Requirements for an Information System

from any page. This makes it easy to keep track of versions and modifications or reviews. Issues to be Addressed The current issue facing the marketing materials is that there are two locations where employees access the materials from, and both location seem to have different versions of the same documents. The two locations have some updated and old versions of the documents. This is frustrating and confusing to the employees who are not certain of the location they should be accessing their documents from and the location with the updated versions. Based on the policies for the organization… Continue Reading...

Online Consumer Reviews from the Consumer Perspective

online consumer reviews from the consumer's perspective. Online consumer reviews are often the first way that a consumer will learn about a new product or service. The pros of online consumer reviews include receiving potentially unbiased information about a product or service. The cons of online consumer reviews include their increasing lack of credibility as more companies are resorting to tactics like paying bloggers for positive product reviews, paying writers to write positive Amazon reviews, and the inability to genuinely decipher the difference between a trustworthy… Continue Reading...

Need for Cultural Change at an Organization

A good starting point would be a period of 90 days to have roundtables, reviews and analysis about what is currently working, what needs to be changed and the proper path to get to the same (Sirkin, Keenan & Jackson, 2005). If that timeline is too long, it can be shortened. Similarly, it can be extended if it is too short and more time is needed. Given all that, the Board can be presented with the idea that a good amount of diligence and review is needed to find out what needs to be changed (CMR, 2017). However, it… Continue Reading...

Fit Tea and Advertising

This happens with many companies when they fail to deliver their promises. Customers decide to leave complaints and bad reviews to voice their anger. Whatever the problems that come from unkept promises, advertisers need to be aware of the negative effects of brand recognition when such recognition concerns the quality of the product or service. References Berg, M. (2016, November 17). Strange Brew: Reality Stars Are the Active Ingredient For Flat Tummy Tea. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/maddieberg/2016/11/17/strange-brew-reality-stars-are-the-active-ingredient-for-flat-tummy-tea/#6f9fd034f527 Jefkins, F. (2016). Advertising. Elsevier Science. Wind, J. (2016). Beyond Advertising: Reaching Customers Through Every Touchpoint, 2nd Editio. John Wiley & Sons. Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams: the New Way to Work

The abstract ought to follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) (Oermann, 2014). Did the author mention the problem addressed within the study? No. There is no explicit mention of the study problem. Rather, the authors have simply hinted at the issue by dealing with the broader, generic problems associated with virtual working. They have addressed the evolution of multiple working techniques into the technique adopted today. In the authors' words "As we move into the 21st century, the broad array of communication options permits the refiguring of our organizations in order to meet the… Continue Reading...

Developing Work Teams in Organizations

(2008). Teamworking and Organizational Performance: A Review of Survey-based Research. International Journal of Management reviews, 10(2), 127-148. Yeager, K.L. & Nafukho, F.M. (2011, October 7). Developing Diverse Teams to Improve Performance in the Organizational Setting. European Journal of Training and Development, 36(4), 388-408. Zoltan, R. & Vancea, R. (2015). Organizational Work Groups and Work Teams -- Approaches and Differences. Ecoforum Journal, 4(1), 94-98. Appendix Continue Reading...

Definition Of Organizational Culture

there is a wealth of information that could not and should not be missed by anyone that reviews it properly and fully. The important topics of that portion of the book and how they apply to real-word examples and concepts shall be explained in this brief report. Terminology One concept that is explained and defined straight off the top in the fourth chapter is the most important, and that would be the definition of organizational culture in general. The book notes that culture was first defined and formulated a term when it comes to botany. However, the term has… Continue Reading...

Profane Language and Inappropriate Media Content in Shows for Children

Although the plot was outstanding, the show was not well received by the intended audience (Wen, 2013). The reviews by IMDB suggest that viewers were not amused with the show. Some viewers who were distraught by the show pointed out that the content in the show was not appropriate for children of between the ages 4 and 6 years; although, ironically, this is the very audience the show had been targeted. Some critics described the show as the worst that Disney had ever produced in years. Some viewers criticized it by stating that the characters were unlikable. They gave the… Continue Reading...

How to Measure the Effectiveness Of Organization

due to language barriers. Volunteer translators and cultural competency reviews may be necessary to improve service access. Performance data will also help the organization to refine the type of counseling provided, and help partner with organizations that can stimulate career options for the women in the community. References "Overview of Performance Measures: Outputs versus Outcomes," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://ocjs.ohio.gov/2013grants-performance-measures.pdf Woodhouse, L.D. (2007). Outcome measures for assessing progress of meeting PHP or SPH goals. Retrieved online: https://ceph.org/assets/OutcomeMeasures_pres.pdf Continue Reading...

Relationship Marketing

assessment of their market size, consumer demographics, ingredient profile, functionality, and regulations in the United States. Comprehensive reviews in food science and food safety, 9(3), 303-317. Pride, W. (2008). Marketing. Cengage Learning. Visram, S., Cheetham, M., Riby, D. M., Crossley, S. J., & Lake, A. A. (2016). Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes. BMJ open, 6(10), e010380. Continue Reading...

Victimology Annotated Bibliography

informs this research paper or chapter. There are various reviews of cases involving child molestation and these help in building up this research report to a meaningful component. This report focuses solely on the child victimization and the conditions that make it possible for the increase of child victimization. The target population in this research is the young children who are innocent victims of crime victim blaming. It portrays the children as vulnerable victims whose sole chance of escaping crimes is the offender. The research also highlights the dependency continuum and the challenges or the loose ends of each… Continue Reading...

Use Of Chlorhexidine to Prevent Healthcare Associated Infections

randomization. The level 4 uses the cohort studies and case-control while the level 5 uses the systemic reviews qualitative and descriptive studies. On the other hand, the level 6 uses a single qualitative and descriptive study. The level 7 uses the expert opinion.  The article titled “Guidelines for prevention of hospital-acquired infections.” (Mehta, Gupta, Todi, et al. 2014 p149) provides the guideline for the prevention of SSIs within the surgical units. The article provides an elaborate guideline to enhance clinical practice using the evidence-based research. The outcome of the systematic review places the article in the Level one. However,… Continue Reading...

Does Testing Overlook the Importance Of Long Term Learning

people need today to be competitive in the workplace. This paper reviews the literature to demonstrate how testing tends to overlook the importance of long-term learning, followed by a summary of the research and important findings about the implications of testing on long-term learning in the conclusion. Review and Discussion So-called "teaching to the test" simply means that classroom teachers focus coursework on the contents of upcoming tests, including the high-stakes standardized tests that have become virtually universal in their use. For instance, according to one educator, "High-stakes, standardized tests have become ubiquitous in public education in the United… Continue Reading...

Ip Man the Grandmaster and Women in Kung Fu

through the use of historical (and fictional) characters. Works Cited Boone, Steven. "The Grandmaster." Roger Ebert, 2013. Web. 23 June 2017. http://www.rogerebert.com/ reviews/the-grandmaster-2013 Fitzgerald, C. P. "Religion and China's Cultural Revolution." Pacific Affairs, Vol. 40, No. 1/2, 1967, pp. 124-129. Print. Judkins, Ben. "Lives of Chinese Martial Artists (9): Woman Ding Number Seven: Founder of the Fujian Yongchun Boxing Tradition." Chinese Martial Arts Studies, 2013. Web. 23 June 2017. https://chinesemartialstudies.com/2013/10/11/lives-of-the-chinese-martial-artists-9-woman-ding-number-seven-founder-of-the-fujian-yongchun-boxing-tradition/ Judkins, Ben. "Lives of Chinese Martial Artists (10): Chen Shichao and Chen Gongzhe: Creating the Jingwu Revolution." Chinese Martial Arts Studies, 2013. Web. 23 June 2017. https://chinesemartialstudies.com/2013/10/18/lives-of-chinese-martial-artists-10-chen-shichao-and-chen-gongzhe-creating-the-jingwu-revolution/ Judkins, Ben. "Lives of Chinese Martial… Continue Reading...

Change Management Done Wrong

not wipe out) any gains made, at least in the short-term (EEOC, 2017). When it comes to implementation, the reviews of every department and how they can be aligned to the new strategy is a good move. However, that new strategy would be problematic to catastrophic if implemented as stated in the case study. Even in the best of circumstances, change management can be a minefield. This is especially true when speaking of workers who have been at the firm for one or more decades and when the change is immediate and sudden. It may be frustrating for the EVP… Continue Reading...

Performance Management Review

acquisitions generate a fascinating sequence of issues concerning performance management, and especially aspects such as performance reviews. For instance, if the business restructuring or transition takes place just before the performance appraisal phase, then there is a likelihood of encountering instances of the incumbent firm manager letting go of the preceding performance review and also the incoming manager from the acquiring firm having no knowledge whatsoever regarding the performance of the employees (Marr, 2006). What might be the risks for the combined firm? There may be some risks that come about from the combined firm. One of these risks… Continue Reading...

Restitution for Victims Of Crime

the justice system among other pertinent factors. Empirical Data The data that will be collected from the various literature reviews will be tabulated in form of counties or states for the US-based data. This will then give the possibility of getting an average from the sets of data on each subject. For instance the number of child victim blames in California as depicted in each of the articles used, then finding an average that would give a more realistic number. It will also be significant to pick out anomalous data diversions then that will need to be cleaned out. The data… Continue Reading...

Eugenics Movement

the eugenics movement during the 20th century (Newhouse, 2016). To gain some new insights into this issue, this paper reviews the relevant primary and secondary literature concerning organized psychology’s long involvement in the eugenics movement and how this involvement provided the scientific basis for the selective breeding and extermination of human beings. Finally, a recapitulation of the main findings from the primary and secondary literature concerning these issues and the lessons learned are presented in the conclusion. Review and Analysis The origins of eugenics can be traced to the late 19th century when a combination of events served to… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

longer necessary or appropriate in the 21st century. To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature concerning Guantanamo Bay to provide the background of the issue and an analysis of this issue to determine whether the U.S. interests in Guantanamo Bay justify its continued operations. A summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue are provided in the conclusion. Background of Issue  The U.S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is 45 square miles in size and is located on the southeast end of Cuba (see map at Appendix A) (Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, 2014). The… Continue Reading...

Edward Snowden Essay

This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a background on Edward Snowden and how his high-profile actions adversely affected the work of the National Security Agency (NSA). An analysis of what the NSA was doing prior to the leaks and how it collects intelligence information now is followed by an examination concerning what Snowden leaked and why. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the U.S. government violated Snowden’s constitutional rights is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning this issue in the conclusion. Background of… Continue Reading...

Credit Rating Agencies Essay

the rating processes used by credit reporting agencies. To determine the facts with credit rating agencies, this paper reviews the literature to provide an overview of these for-profit organizations and a description of the purposes they serve. An examination of the regulatory environment in which credit rating agencies operate is followed by an analysis of current issues with credit rating agencies in the United States and abroad. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning credit ratings agencies and ways to improve them are provided in the conclusion. Credit Agencies Overview What are credit agencies? Today, there… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Implications Essay

the facts concerning this vitally important issue that affects all humankind, this paper reviews the relevant literature about global warming and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about global warming are presented in the conclusion. Review and Discussion A growing body of evidence indicates that anthropogenic activities since the Industrial Revolution and more recently since the end of World War II have poured millions and millions of tons of carbon dioxide into the earth’s atmosphere, thereby trapping more radiant heat and causing the earth to become hotter (Li, 2016). According to… Continue Reading...

Legalshield Pre-paid Legal Services Essay

the competitive environment in which it competes, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of LegalShield using Porter’s five forces framework, followed by a recommendation based on this analysis. Overview of Pre-Paid Legal Services, Inc. Following a motor vehicle collision that hospitalized him in 1969, Harland Stonecipher became acutely aware of the need for improved access to the legal system for ordinary individuals. According to LegalShield’s Web site, “After depleting his life savings defending himself against something he didn’t do, Stonecipher was determined to make legal protection accessible to everyone, everywhere, no matter how traumatic or… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Simulation Essay

essential equivalent to the possession of intelligence (Pogio & Meyers, 2016). This paper reviews the relevant literature to show that the Turing test and Chinese Room argument fail to provide an adequate response to this claim. Finally, a discussion concerning whether the successful simulation of human reasoning is in principle possible and whether the answer to this question is inherently dependent on the answer to the main question is followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Turing test and Chinese Room argument as they relate to the possession of intelligence are provided in the… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

torture is producing the desired outcomes given the violative nature of the practice. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe what practices constitute torture during interrogations and whether these practices are efficacious in producing reliable intelligence information. A summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues are presented in the conclusion. Background and Overview A number of aspects of the global war on terrorism, including the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the infamous prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba and the use of torture, represent major issues for concerned American citizens.3 Likewise, the use… Continue Reading...

Tesla Motors Accounting Policies

ever hits a point where it is carrying a significant finished goods inventory. The company also needs to conduct inventory reviews in order to determine what inventory it is holding, but also what the market value of that inventory is. That process is valuable to the company, but it is also necessary in order to adequately value the company's inventory to determine whether market value or book value is lower. The company determines whether the value of the inventory (selling cost of the vehicles) is lower than the cost to convert inventory into a finished product. Basically, if they are… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Feeding intolerance in preterm infants and standard of care guidelines for nursing assessments. Newborn and Infant Nursing reviews, 12, 187-201. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.nainr.2012.09.007 Choi, H., Kim, S. J., Oh, J., Lee, M. N., Kim, S., & Kang, K. A. (2016). The effects of massage therapy on physical growth and gastrointestinal function in premature infants: A pilot study. Journal of Child Health Care, 20(3), 394-404. Dutta, S., Singh, B., Chessell, L., Wilson, J., Janes, M., McDonald, K., ... Fusch, C. (2015). Guidelines for feeding very low birth weight infants. Nutrients, 7, 423-442. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu7010423 Fanaro, S. (2013, August 17). Feeding intolerance in the preterm infant… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Sarbanes Oxley Act in Curbing Corporate Fraud

that it can only scrutinize audits of publicly owned companies. Consequently, reviews of private firms are not covered under the law. This subjects them to inspection by the board but excluded from disciplinary action in this regard. The segregation between private and public companies is unnecessary since when fraud happens in business, its nature is always notwithstanding (Young, 2013). As such, it is important to design an equivalent process for both private and public companies with similar standards. While SOX has made significant strides in improving corporate focus on a healthy ethical culture in publicly owned businesses, so much… Continue Reading...

Super Size Me Documentary Review

“Spurlock proves it” in his documentary. References Ebert, R. (2004). Super Size Me. Retrieved from https://www.rogerebert.com/ reviews/super-size-me-2004 Spurlock, M. (2004). Super Size Me. Los Angeles: Samuel Goldwyn Films.   Continue Reading...

How to Introduce Business to Social Media

introduced to social media, customers might start leaving bad reviews of products and services. The company needs to maintain a strong social media presence to rapidly respond to customer complaints and resolve them in an appropriate fashion. In other words, social media enables a strong media relations and public relations strategy. 2) Why it\'s not a great idea... Introducing businesses to social media could have some significant drawbacks. One way social media could be detrimental to a business is if the company has not yet developed a social media strategy. Lack of planning with social media can lead to… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

IAT (Implicit Association Tests) whose design aids in the assessment of stereotypical associations. b) Implement periodic reviews To help in the review of past conduct of officers, track improvements, and identify areas that need further intervention, there would be need to keep detailed records on several key factors including; · Instances of utilization of force and injuries sustained Here, it will be important and beneficial to break down the said instances by gender, age, as well as ethnicity and race. · A list of officers whose conduct with regard to use of force has been reported or witnessed. This would… Continue Reading...

Ibm Supply Chain Concerns

training that staff, which is key part of remaining competitive. Performance management in the form of reviews and feedback is also part of this codification. One of the principal ways in which human resources correlates to management information systems and supply chain management is through the notion of strategic human resources management. Part of the strategic value found in human resources is allocating the resources needed to fulfill certain job functions and business needs. This requires both short and long term planning for various aspects of management information systems and a dependable supply chain to fulfill these objectives. Implementing… Continue Reading...

Unreasonable Searches and Seizures Article Reviews

Criminal Investigation: Article reviews Eligon, J. (2011). Police sergeant to get jail term for perjury and illegal searches. The New York Times. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/28/nyregion/nyc-police- sergeant-admits-illegal-searches-and-perjury.html This article highlights the problem of officers conducting illegal searches when they strongly suspect a suspect is guilty, even though they have no legally valid form of probable cause or a warrant to conduct such a search. These types of egregious actions are a source of mistrust and friction between members of the police force and the public. The officer’s lawyer, in… Continue Reading...

Workflow Analysis Of a Healthcare Organization

professionals i.e. physician, pharmacist, or nurse. Once the healthcare professional reviews the patient’s condition based on his/her medical information, he/she identifies and documents the most suitable medication for the condition. The information is documented in the electronic health records for easy retrieval and analysis by other members of the healthcare team. Based on the organization’s rules and policies, medication selection process should be based on clinical evidence, patient characteristics, cost-effectiveness, and best practice. The second stage in the process is ordering/prescribing, which entails creating a medication order that incorporates the specific medicine for the patient and dosing recommendations depending… Continue Reading...

Technology in Paralympic Games Article Review

readers. The problem is argued out well with sufficient evidence drawn from the literature reviews and observations made in the 2004 and 2008 games. The approach to the problem is good in that the researcher anticipates highlighting and calling for solutions to the wrong use of technology among Paralympic athletes. Therefore, the failure of the researcher to provide specific examples of technologies used wrongly and ways of correcting does not make the study lack its relevance. Perhaps, future studies can bridge this gap by addressing the weakness of Burkett’s article (Brittain, 2016). References Brittain, I. (2016). The Paralympic games… Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

Antwone Fisher Movie Review & Film Summary. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.rogerebert.com/ reviews/antwone-fisher-2002 Marshall& Brown. (2006). Personality Psychology (740). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://drcb.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/2017/02/07/marshall-brown-2006/ Schultz & Schultz, (2009). A History of Modern Psychology. Retrieved October 04, 2017, from https://www.amazon.com/History-Modern-Psychology-Duane-Schultz/dp/0495097993 Seal. (2003), July 14). Antwone Fisher (2002). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0168786/ Seal, F. (2002). Retrieved October 04, 2017, from http://www.cinematherapy.com/birgitarticles/antwonefisher.html   Continue Reading...

Parkland School Shooting Essay

To determine the facts about the Parkland shootings, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a description of the horrific events that occurred at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, a description of the confessed shooter, the failure by FBI to investigate, the failure of deputies to enter the building, what types of gun was used, and how Americans can prevent atrocities like this from recurring in the future. Finally, a summary of the research and key findings concerning the Parkland shootings and their implications for the future of American gun ownership are presented in the conclusion. Review… Continue Reading...

Keys to Success in Multinational Companies

designated hours of the day and week for meetings, reviews, and communications, and the leaders of the teams will be appointed by a democratic process because democratic leadership is one of the strategies that can be and will be used to support the organization’s overall aims (Woods, 2004). The in-house teams will also select scribes to record the minutes of the meetings so that they can be entered into the information systems and stored in the knowledge management system for later retrieval. Online teams will be responsible for providing service and maintenance to the online site with 24-hour coverage… Continue Reading...

Best Practices Involved in Changing the Accounting Information System Ais

top management as they're in the best position to create the AIS where initial assessments, system analyses, feasibility reviews, data needs as well as system-requirements assessments are carried out. This will make it possible to better recognize user requirements and be utilized to product a system analysis survey to offer to the AIS design-team for both review and development (Steinbart and Romney, 2012). Subsequently, it would have gone through a conceptual design procedure to be able to determine and evaluate alternatives. Here, design specifications would have been created, and conceptual design needs provided for. When all this data would… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

paper is a discussion on the biotechnology and bioethics in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The discussion reviews the condition of bioethics and biotechnology in Iran and gives policy suggestions. Background of the problem The German Procedures for Human Testing, 1931, is actually regarded as the first of its type for scientific and therapeutic study on individuals and continued to be in effect until mid-1940s. Moreover, In 1947, the Nuremberg Code (1947) had been enacted that also included procedures on human experimentation (Shahraz, 2002). However, neither of those recommendations contained some reference to genetic research and study (Shahraz, 2002).… Continue Reading...

Movie Review Of Elf

Review & Film Summary (2003) | Roger Ebert.” RogerEbert.com, 7 Nov. 2003, www.rogerebert.com/ reviews/elf-2003. IMDb. “Elf (2003) Plot.” IMDb, IMDb.com, www.imdb.com/title/tt0319343/plotsummary?ref_=tt_stry_pl#synopsis. Continue Reading...

How Obesity Affects Epidemiology

& Rossner, S. (2003). Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?. Obesity reviews, 4(2), 115-119. Hu, F. (2008). Obesity epidemiology. Oxford University Press. Korbonits, M. (2008). Obesity and metabolism. Basel: Karger. Mela, D (2005). Food, diet and obesity. Elsevier. Continue Reading...

Information Involving Curriculum Development

and ESL curriculum development model has been identified. · Continuous, repeated, trial-informed reviews ought to be conducted, say, once in ten years, for ensuring stability. · A recognized, transparent expert committee, able to access the entire range of pertinent expertise and evidence, must shoulder the responsibility of qualification and curriculum reform, which includes evaluation process reform. · The expert team would come up with a superior-quality assessment process, aligned to curriculum development, for guaranteeing coherence. Conclusion All nations’ school curricula basically aim at producing ideal members of society. Curricular design and developmental errors may negatively impact the whole educational system.… Continue Reading...

Electronic Waste

Rosa, P. (2015). Recycling of WEEEs: An economic assessment of present and future e-waste streams. Renewable and Sustainable Energy reviews, 51, 263-272. Pacebutler Recycling. (2013). Creative Solutions To E Waste. Retrieved from http://www.pacebutler.com/blog/creative-solutions-to-e-waste/ Continue Reading...

Curriculum Adoption Best Practices for Curriculum Materials Selection Processes

investigation phase. The material ought to be implemented, with emphasis given to preliminary reviews on learning materials and their educator editions. These chiefly impact the classroom teaching-learning process. Based on outcomes of the practical analysis, proper decisions ought to be taken, which include supporting effective instruction via assessments, extra practice, professional learning and incorporation of technology in classrooms. Lastly, the choices ought to be narrowed down to materials capable of adequately meeting instructional support and content requirements. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) of the most effective curriculum materials selection process i. How are curricular materials aligned to state standards and… Continue Reading...

Competencies Scope Of Practice and Standards Of Practice for Nurse Administrators

relevant competencies, scope and standards of practice for this profession in recent years. To this end, this paper reviews the relevant literature to identify the scope and standards for nursing administrators, followed by a description of the profession’s general characteristics. Finally, a summary of the research together with two insights that were learned from this assignment concludes the paper Section 2. Identification of the scope and standards of a nurse administrator Although every nurse administrator position is unique in some way with respect to scope, they all typically follow the 17 competency-based standards of practice set forth in the… Continue Reading...

Genetically Modified Foods

hubris is under control. References Dona, A., & Arvanitoyannis, I. S. (2009). Health risks of genetically modified foods. Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, 49(2), 164-175. Freedman, D. H. (2013). The truth about genetically modified food. Scientific American, 309(3), 107-112. Maghari, B. M., & Ardekani, A. M. (2011). Genetically modified foods and social concerns. Avicenna journal of medical biotechnology, 3(3), 109.   Continue Reading...

Conflict Management in the Workplace

Pathways in the HRM Literature. International Journal of Management reviews. Retrieved from https://pure.qub.ac.uk/portal/files/100637667/management_of_workplace.pdf Frost, S. (2018). What are the Benefits of Good Conflict Resolution Skills? Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/benefits-good-conflict-resolution-skills-37268.html Huan, L.J. & Yazdanifard, R. (2012). The Difference of Conflict Management Styles and Conflict Resolution in Workplace. Business & Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1), 141-155. Lawless, J. & Trif, A. (2016, August 23). Managing Interpersonal Conflicts at Work by Line Managers. The Irish Journal of Management, 35(1). Leon-Perez, J.M., Notelaers, G. & Leon-Rubio, J.M. (2015, February 16). Assessing the Effectiveness of Conflict Management Training in a Health Sector Organization: Evidence… Continue Reading...

Role Of Interactive Social Media in Corporate Social Responsibility Communications

to Web-based content in the form of feedback, comments, testimonials, reviews or other online exchanges (Chao & Parker, 2014). The overarching focus of the proposed study concerns the role of interactive social media in corporate social responsibility (CSR) communications. This specific focus has assumed new importance and relevance as growing numbers of companies of all sizes and types have incorporated interactive social media into their CSR communications strategies. This research proposal describes the conceptual framework that will be used to guide the study, including a description of the problem of interest and the specific aim of the research process.… Continue Reading...

Anti Obesity Programs and Policies

prevention and treatment programmes among adolescents from disadvantaged backgrounds: a systematic review. Obesity reviews 18(5): 581-593. Levi, J., Vinter, S., Richardson, L., et al. (2009). F as in fat. http://healthyamericans.org/reports/obesity2009/Obesity2009Report.pdf The State of Obesity (2018). State policies to prevent obesity. https://stateofobesity.org/state-policy/ Wang, Y., Cai, L., Wu, Y., et al. (2015). What childhood obesity prevention programmes work? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Review 16(7): 547-565. Continue Reading...

How Pictures Shape the Story in Syria

budget for its 1st year, Al Hurra received mixed reviews. (In late 2003, Congress added $40 million to the Al Hurra budget for a sister station broadcasting solely to Iraq.) Critics referred to it as Fox News in Arabic and noted its U.S.-grounded political leanings were obvious in semantic usages such as referring to coalition forces in Iraq rather than Al Jazeera’s preferred occupation forces (p. 776). The way that Western media attempts to control a narrative within the nexus of the location where it is engaging in interventionism is indicative of its overall attempt to support foreign policy… Continue Reading...

Fake News Essay

Web sites such as the National Reporter that specialize in publishing fake news reports. This essay reviews the relevant literature to provide a definition of fake news, its potential impact and recent responses to this phenomenon. Finally, the paper provides a summary of the research and important findings concerning fake news in the conclusion. Introduction Although so-called “fake news” has been around as long as humankind in the form of rumors, gossip and innuendos, the phenomenon has become increasingly commonplace in recent years due in large part to the widespread use of social media platforms and the emergence sources… Continue Reading...

Black Lives Matter Essay

law enforcement authorities across the country. [h4]To determine the facts, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide an overview of the Black Lives Matter movement, its efforts to date and its implications for the future. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the Black Lives Matters movement are presented in the conclusion[h5]. Overview of the Black Lives Matter Movement The creation of the Black Lives Matter movement was a response by the African-American community to a number of deaths of black Americans at the hands of law enforcement authorities and vigilantes across the country in… Continue Reading...

Obamacare Essay

due to its individual mandate provisions (Key features of the Act, 2016). To determine the facts, this paper reviews the literature to identify the main arguments for and against the Act, and how analysts view the proposed ObamaCare Lite as a replacement. Finally, a summary of the research and the important findings that emerged from this review are presented in the conclusion. Background and overview The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly referred to as “ObamaCare,” was passed by the U.S. Congress on March 23, 2010 in a response to a wide range of systemic problems that have… Continue Reading...

Brexit Essay

determine what has happened and what the future holds for the UK, this paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a brief overview of the Brexit referendum followed by recent events that have followed its approval by UK voters. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the future for the UK and the EU are provided in the conclusion. Background and Overview When the results of the Brexit vote became known on June 23, 2016, the reaction on the part of UK voters and the EU was first a mixture of shock, dismay, fear and even… Continue Reading...

2016 Presidential Election Essay

of observers based on his erratic and hate-filled speeches. This essay on the 2016 U.S. Presidential election  reviews the literature to provide brief biographies of these presidential candidates followed by an analysis of recent trends that have influenced voter reactions to date. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the 2016 presidential election are provided in the conclusion. The 2016 U.S. Presidential Election:  Crooked Versus Crazy? When the Founding Fathers wrote Article II of the U.S. Constitution which stipulates that the president will be elected every 4 years, they also included specific criteria for eligibility including being… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Essay

an enormous adverse impact on the economy. Thesis Statement This essay reviews the relevant literature to identify the arguments for and against anthropogenic sources as the primary cause of global warming, a discussion and critical analysis of these arguments and a summary of the research and important findings concerning the causes of global warming in the conclusion. Arguments implicating anthropogenic sources as the cause of global warming The straightforward definition of global warming provided by the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) states that, “Over the past 50 years, the average global temperature has increased at the fastest rate in recorded history… Continue Reading...

Obesity Childhood Prenatal Conclusion

programs become far more effective, realistic, and results-driven. References Caballero, B. (2007). The global epidemic of obesity. Epidemiological reviews 29(1): 1-5. WHO (2018). Controlling the global obesity epidemic. http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/obesity/en/ Continue Reading...

Warehouse Internship

assessment, this was an objective that was exceeded, as both peer reviews and supervisor feedback indicated. Problem solving is one of the core components of logistics management. In the warehouse setting, innumerable challenges arise on a daily basis. The internship illustrated “strategies for better preparedness and the need for supply chains to be agile, adaptable and aligned,” (Van Wassenhove, 2005, p. 475). Creative problem solving was used at several key junctures, during which we needed to mobilize material assets in strategic ways. Moreover, one of the learning objectives was to function as the material floor manager at the warehouse.… Continue Reading...

Online Marketing Of Namshi Essay

and intersections are as follows: Sharing Only Mentions Shares (Social Media) Reposts (Social Media) reviews Web Properties Website Mobile Site Blog Site Social Media Channels Paid Media Pay Per Click Display Ads Retargeting Paid Influencers Paid Content Promotion Social Media Ads Earned/Paid Benefits Propelling of sharing and engagement with the use of paid promotion Owned/Paid Benefits Gain more overall exposure to web properties that use search engine optimization (SEO) and/or pay per click (PPC) Earned/Owned Benefits Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and brand named content that drives earned media (e.g. shares on social media) and overall web traffic levels Earned/Owned/Paid Benefits… Continue Reading...

Abortion Essay

to the level of scare tactics as well as being deceptive and misleading. This essay  reviews the literature concerning the origins of the pro-life and pro-choice abortion movements including how their marketing methods have been used in an effort to influence public opinion. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about these political movements and their implications for the future of abortion are presented in the conclusion. Definition: Abortion is the termination of a human pregnancy, resulting in the death of an embryo or fetus.  This highly controversial  procedure is normally done within the first 28 weeks of… Continue Reading...

Olympic Games Essay

for the construction of permanent homes for the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. This essay  reviews the relevant literature to provide a brief history of the Olympic Games and to analyze the arguments in support of establishing a permanent home for them, followed by a summary of the research and important findings about the Olympic Games in the conclusion. Permanent Home For The Olympic Games   Introduction On the one hand, the 2016 Summer Olympic Games held in Rio de Janeiro can be regarded as an enormous success, at least for the International Olympic Committee which reaps a multi-billion dollar… Continue Reading...

The Transition to Renewable Energy

happening today and likely outcomes for the future, this paper reviews the relevant literature to describe how developing countries can reach 100% renewable energy as well as some of the more severe challenges that are involved in providing clean energy in developing regions of the world. In addition, a discussion concerning whether the goal of achieving clean energy access for all humanity by 2030 is achievable or not is followed by an analysis of why China is currently winning the clean energy race. An examination concerning what renewable energy source has the most promise and the social impact of… Continue Reading...

How to Purchase a Computer

data without having to put it all on my computer. The Intel external hard drive has good reviews and is a trustworthy brand and product so I will not have to worry about data being lost if I put it into use. I will also by portable SanDisk Cruzer Glides with 128GB storage capacity as these are easy to fit into one’s pocket and take with one on the go and they have substantial storing power. The operating system I will be buying is Windows as I prefer this OS to anything else. I am not a fan of… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

identify high-potential employees, human resources managers may use a variety of methods including performance appraisals, performance reviews, individual development plans or career mapping, and even anecdotal data (Downs, 2015). Among organizations that do have formal high-potential employee development programs, some also have active succession planning with transparent methods of communicating intent. For example, PepsiCo has a formal leadership development center, and admission to the leadership development center is based on performance on various HR metrics (Zhu & Manjarrez, 2017). Empirical research has been demonstrating the advantages of formal identification and employee training for high-potential personnel. Research has also been… Continue Reading...

Interdisciplinary Health Services in Rural America

program (Brooks et al., 2014). Planned and occasional checking of Neighborhood Health Employee solutions with quarterly reviews from stakeholders will permit Community Health Employee system leaders to rapidly deal with issues and change programs in real-time (Brooks et al., 2014). This too requires advocates for modifications in the health care procedure, policy, financing, and training to prepare the stakeholders to consider management roles in the modelling, execution, and assessment of treatment within the underserved rural locations (Effken And Abbott, 2009). Identify three measurable outcomes. If done properly, this program may benefit almost everyone. Applying CHW applications is to decrease health… Continue Reading...

Super Highway 8 Rogerian

and Rene Hen. "The developmental origins of anxiety." Nature reviews Neuroscience 5.7 (2004): 545. Hosane, Nina. "The Beauty of Uncertainty: Each Day is a Blank Canvas." Tiny Buddha, 22 Jan. 2016, tinybuddha.com/blog/the-beauty-of-uncertainty-each-day-is-a-blank-canvas/. Ibrahim, Yasmin. "Instagramming life: Banal imaging and the poetics of the everyday." Journal of Media Practice 16.1 (2015): 42-54. Mandel, Ken. "Virginia History: 8 Events That Shaped the State." Newsmax, 23 Feb. 2015, www.newsmax.com/fastfeatures/virginia-history-jamestown-old-dominion-american-revolution/2015/02/18/id/625483/. Accessed 22 Apr. 2018. Nisbet, Elizabeth K., John M. Zelenski, and Steven A. Murphy. "Happiness is in our nature: Exploring nature relatedness as a contributor to subjective well-being." Journal of Happiness Studies 12.2 (2011): 303-322. Wallenstein, Peter. Cradle of America: four centuries of… Continue Reading...

2001 Space Odyssey Film Analysis

digesting the multisensory experience unfolding on screen. When it was first released, the film received mixed reviews in part due to its length and “uncompromising slowness,” and its unconventional storytelling methods (Chiasson, 2018, p. 1). Unlike some other science fiction films, 2001: A Space Odyssey does not include any elements of an action movie, although it does resemble a psychological thriller, especially as Dave is faced with an artificial intelligence that has the will to power. Hal as the disembodied antagonist makes for an especially chilling story, and to achieve that goal without the limitations of traditional narrative, Kubrick… Continue Reading...

A Space Odyssey by Stanley Kubrick

unfolding on screen. When it was first released, the film received mixed reviews in part due to its length and “uncompromising slowness,” and its unconventional storytelling methods (Chiasson, 2018, p. 1). Unlike some other science fiction films, 2001: A Space Odyssey does not include any elements of an action movie, although it does resemble a psychological thriller, especially as Dave is faced with an artificial intelligence that has the will to power. Hal as the disembodied antagonist makes for an especially chilling story, and to achieve that goal without the limitations of traditional narrative, Kubrick relies heavily on elements… Continue Reading...

Rounding by Nurses in the Progressive Care Unit

of evidence-based research: this included non-experimental studies such as systematic reviews, qualitative analysis, quasi-experimental studies, and experimental studies (randomized control trials). McCaffrey and McConnell (2015) provide a systematic review of literature in their Level III study regarding how interdisciplinary team work can help nurses and care providers to better communicate and provide compassionate care (aka a high level of quality care) to patients. The interdisciplinary approach fosters a sense of shared governance among care providers, as Kutney-Lee, Germack, Hatfield et al. (2016) indicate in their Level III cross-sectional observational study that in hospitals where there is a substantial sense… Continue Reading...

Performance Evaluation for Managers

demonstrates that part of the hatred connected to performance evaluations revolves around the misguided intent. “Unfortunately, performance reviews don’t always live up to their intent. In fact, one in five employees believe their bosses don’t even think about the appraisal until they’re in the room” (Pozin, 2015). Hence, if this is the belief that is present within the workplace, it’s not going to effectively motivate employees or help people pursue bigger goals or changes. The research also demonstrates that HR heads have problems in connection to these yearly or bi-yearly evaluations: “45 percent don’t think they are an accurate appraisal for… Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

on their missions, the funding for schools and what marginalized populations are included. In addition, the author reviews several precedential cases on a state-by-state basis to describe the evolution of current constitutional language concerning educational priorities in the several states. The point is made that different states place higher priorities on public school funding compared to some, and that some states rely exclusively on their constitutions to provide the foundation for their educational systems while others rely on their legislatures for this purpose. Continue Reading...

Minimizing Bias and Student Diversity in Assessment

including diverse materials, it must be subject to “rigorous reviews during large-scale assessment development, often including the use of rubrics and checklists” (par. 6). In other words, it is not enough to merely offer culturally diverse stories or to change the names of students in word problems. Bias can be reflected in terms of vocabulary, assumptions about cultural familiarity, and the likelihood of familiarity with certain types of skills that do not really reflect the students’ ability, and “occur when an item’s content matter privileges a certain kind of background knowledge or experience” (Evans, 2013, par.6). Vocabulary questions about… Continue Reading...

Using Evidence Based Practice to Resolve a Nursing Issue

within the particular field will also be demonstrated. Literature reviews will also inform the author of the influential researchers and research groups within the field of study. A literature review should offer a theoretical base for research and assist the author to establish the nature of the research. To the reader, a literature review will convey the knowledge and ideas that have been established regarding the topic. The strengths and weaknesses of the ideas are also established in the literature review. In order for one to justify their research or EBP, there is need to have supporting information, which… Continue Reading...

Elizabeth Jane Gardner

praised American artist whose work in Paris received rave reviews. Her work most closely resembles the Realist school—for example, The Farmer’s Daughter (1878) which depicts a young woman feeding hens and which was the work that won her the gold medal from the Paris Salon; though she sometimes did religious themes as well—such as Moses in the Bullrushes (1878) and David the Shepherd (1895). Gardner developed her love of art working as a teacher in Massachusetts. She moved to Paris with a friend in 1864, hoping to get into the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, but it was still a male-only… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

on Heidegger’s interpretive phenomenology are described as “hermeneutic circle” because the researcher continually reviews the data and generates new questions (Reiners, 2012). The researcher assumes more of a participant-observer role, in that there is no pretense to shed biases, backgrounds, beliefs, or theoretical frameworks. Rather, the researcher is firmly situated within the phenomena being studied. Specific methods used can therefore be either structured or unstructured interviews, field research, and mixed-methods research designs. When searching for patterns of meaning, the researcher is free to use preconceived categories based on research hypotheses or research questions. The researcher can also taken into… Continue Reading...

Assessing the Benefits Of Marijuana

Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 258:517-523. 1991. Martin, B.R. "Cellular Effects of Cannabinoids." Pharmacological reviews 38:45-74. pg. 46. 1986. Matsuda, L., Lolait, S., et al. Structure of a cannabinoid receptor and functional expression of the cloned cDNA. Nature 346:561-564. 1990. Newman, Tony. Connecting the Dots: 10 Disastrous Consequences of the Drug War. 01 February 2013. 13 June 2018. Pollan, Michael. The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-eye View of the World. London: Bloomsbury, 2003. Sznitman, Sharon and Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen. "Public opinion and medical cannabis policies: examining the role of underlying beliefs and national medical cannabis policies." Harm Reduct J.… Continue Reading...

How to Make the Heart Strong

P. D. (2015). Are there deleterious cardiac effects of acute and chronic endurance exercise?. Physiological reviews, 96(1), 99-125. Kindermann, W., & Scharhag, J. (2016). High-Level Endurance Exercise: Are All Potential ‘Cons’ Justified?. Sports Medicine, 46(8), 1191. Nummela, A., Hynynen, E., Kaikkonen, P., & Rusko, H. (2016). High-intensity endurance training increases nocturnal heart rate variability in sedentary participants. Biology of Sport, 33(1), 7.   Continue Reading...

Patient with Chest Pain

patients with acute coronary syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus: an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. BMJ Open. Loria, V., Dato, I., Graziani, F., & Biasucci, L. (2008). Myeloperoxidase: A New Biomarker of Inflammation in Ischemic Heart Disease and Acute Coronary Syndromes. Mediators Inflamm. Singh, A., & Grossman, S. (2017). Acute Coronary Syndrome. Treasure Island: StatPearls Publishing. Smith JN, N. J. (2015). Diagnosis and management of acute coronary syndrome: an evidence-based update. J Am Board Fam Med, 283-93. Wang JC, L. S. (2004). Coronary artery spatial distribution of acute myocardial infarction occlusions. Circulation, 278–84. Wharton , T.,… Continue Reading...

Self Management in Nursing

order to reach the target. Literature Review Databases Searched · PsycINFO · U.S. National Library of Medicine’s MEDLINE, · Cochrane Database of Systematic reviews · Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials · American Psychological Association’s PsycARTICLES · Sociology Research Database SocINDEX · Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CIHAHL) Keywords used to conduct the searches were “behavior self-management.” History of Concept How it was identified. Creer was the first to use the term (Grady & Gough, 2014), which he applied to “indicate that the patient was an active participant in their care” (Lubkin & Larsen, 2013, p. 552). For Creer, self-management referred… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Terrible Pricing Strategy

Pricing Strategy  There are several critical factors that affect making pricing decisions: customers, competitors, regulations, government laws, the overall economy, and production costs and some of the most important variables to look at when deciding on a pricing strategy. As Zeng, Dasgupta and Weinberg (2016) put it, differentiation is key to developing a pricing strategy that works for a company that has to set itself apart from competitors in order to secure market share. For Tesla, which is the subject of this paper, the electric vehicle (EV) market is beginning to heat up as competitors come into the business with… Continue Reading...

Clint Eastwood

Eastwood has contributed tremendously to Hollywood. Works Cited “Biography: Clint Eastwood.” https://www.biography.com/people/clint-eastwood-9283502 “Clint Eastwood Biography.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. http://www.notablebiographies.com/Du-Fi/Eastwood-Clint.html Ebert, Roger. “ reviews: Gran Torino.” 2008. https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/gran-torino-2008 Kozak, Oktay Ege. “The 10 Best Films Directed by Clint Eastwood.” Paste. 2018. https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2018/02/the-10-best-films-directed-by-clint-eastwood.html Perno, G.S. “Directors’ trademarks: Clint Eastwood.” 2016 Cinelinx. https://www.cinelinx.com/movie-stuff/item/10112-directors-trademarks-clint-eastwood.html Schickel, Richard. Clint Eastwood: A Biography. New York: Vintage. Smith, Paul. Clint Eastwood: A Cultural Production. London: Regents of the University of Minnesota, 1993. Digital version: https://content.taylorfrancis.com/books/download?dac=C2010-0-45393-4&isbn=9781135369699&format=googlePreviewPdf Continue Reading...

When Memory Speaks Autobiography by Jill Conway Essay

for how to write a book review:  http://seneca.libguides.com/c.php?g=20655&p=120055 * See below for tips on writing film reviews:  https://www.dailywritingtips.com/7-tips-for-writing-a-film-review/ https://www.nyfa.edu/student-resources/9-tips-for-writing-a-film-review/ Further Reading: (write about any one of the readings belows)  Jill Conway: https://www.amazon.ca/When-Memory-Speaks-Exploring-Autobiography/dp/0679766456 Sonya Lea: https://www.amazon.com/Wondering-Who-You-Are-Memoir-ebook/dp/B00RKI3NAY Regina McBride: https://www.amazon.com/Ghost-Songs-Memoir-Regina-McBride/dp/1941040438 Lacy M. Johnson: https://www.amazon.ca/Other-Side-Lacy-M-Johnson/dp/1935639838 Herta Müller: https://www.amazon.com/Land-Green-Plums-Herta-Müller/dp/0312429940 A.J. Albany: http://www.jerryjazzmusician.com/2003/11/amy-albany-author-of-low-down-jazz-junk-and-other-fairy-tales-from-childhood/ Actual Essay: When Conway claims in the first sentence of When Memory Speaks that autobiography is “the most popular form of fiction for modern readers,” readers will immediately raise flags of protest (3). After all, autobiography can hardly be considered a form of fiction when it is defined as the truth-filled personal memoirs… Continue Reading...

What Causes Down Syndrome

(2004). Chromosome 21 and down syndrome: from genomics to pathophysiology. Nature reviews Genetics, 5(10), 725. Karmiloff-Smith, A., Al-Janabi, T., D'Souza, H., Groet, J., Massand, E., Mok, K., ... & Tybulewicz, V. (2016). The importance of understanding individual differences in Down syndrome. F1000Research, 5. Mayo Clinic. (2018). Down Syndrome. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/down-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20355977   Continue Reading...

The Significance Of Relational Contracts

contracting as companies and organizations see an increase in efficiency and trust through sound development of partnering agreements, reviews, and joint team goals, enhancing financial returns and minimizing conflicts and accidents. (Seshadri) Relational contracts and the focus on relationships strips down the past reliance on formality. While there is room for formal contracts such as the case in royalties and so forth, for partnerships, especially long-running partnerships, management of relationships remains key in acquiring and accomplishing shared and individual goals for all parties involved. As businesses expand to become multi-national corporations, these strategies to manage relationships allows for positive… Continue Reading...

Bariatric Surgery Pico Question

loss surgery, although a number of the studies in all of the systematic reviews had slightly higher percentages of female patients. But one review by Kitson (et al., 2018), specifically focused on endometrial cancer, a cancer that has been found to be unusually prevalent in overweight and obese women. Two randomized controlled studies were used, featuring 161 overweight and obese women with endometrial cancer. Unfortunately, no lifestyle-based interventions were found to reduce the risk of reoccurrence of the cancer or of general mortality rates the patients, including intervention involving weight loss, both surgical and diet-related. In short, there was… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

requires more study (Pang & Ali, 2015). There are currently mixed reviews as to the extent of its effectiveness as an application. However, when used in conjunction with other therapies, the symptoms of IC are more likely to dissipate over time. Bladder retraining The method mainly focuses of extending the voiding interval and restricting against the bodily urges when they present. It was found out that in 15 out of 21 patients with IC the method reduced the frequency intervals by approximately 30mins every 3-4 weeks (Anderson and Zinkraf, 2013). It has been indicated to be a critical method… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

intervention that still requires more study (Pang & Ali, 2015). There are currently mixed reviews as to the extent of its effectiveness as an application. However, when used in conjunction with other therapies, the symptoms of IC are more likely to dissipate over time. Bladder retraining The method mainly focuses of extending the voiding interval and restricting against the bodily urges when they present. It was found out that in 15 out of 21 patients with IC the method reduced the frequency intervals by approximately 30mins every 3-4 weeks (Anderson and Zinkraf, 2013). It has been indicated to be… Continue Reading...

How Statistical Data Influences Evidence-based Practice

improve trial outcomes, promote evidence-based practice and incentivize therapeutic innovation. Advanced Drug Delivery reviews. Wang, Y., Kung, L., & Byrd, T. A. (2018). Big data analytics: Understanding its capabilities and potential benefits for healthcare organizations. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 126, 3-13.   Continue Reading...

Marketing B2b and B2c

relatively simple needs, and relatively short buying processes. Consumer reviews online matter, as does advertising to consumers. So the way that the consumer market is reached is quite different. The B2B market takes deliveries direct; consumers will often go through intermediaries. With shorter time cycles, less opportunity for upselling, less concerned about ecosystems, consumers have much simpler needs, a shorter buying cycle and they are relatively easy to reach. For Lenovo, just selling the exact same computer to these two markets requires an entirely different approach to pricing, distribution, product (including warranties and service), promotion and other elements of… Continue Reading...

Early 20th Century Chinese Economic Reform

its implications for human society, Yan Fu shows how competition between societies is inevitable. Yan Fu reviews Darwin’s Origin of Species and explicates the other main component of the theory of evolution: natural selection. Humans are no different from the animals that Darwin analyzed for preparation of his thesis. Therefore, Yan Fu leaps quite dangerously into the territory of social Darwinism. Building on Spencer’s initial work on social Darwinism, First Principles, Yan Fu shows how societies form governments according to their environmental needs just as animals organize their social structures and evolve particular characteristics. Each society will have values,… Continue Reading...

Obesity Epidemic

Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?. Obesity reviews, 4(2), 115-119. Hu, F. (2008). Obesity epidemiology. Oxford University Press. Mela, D (2005). Food, diet and obesity. Elsevier. Reilly, J. J., Armstrong, J., Dorosty, A. R., Emmett, P. M., Ness, A., Rogers, I., ... & Sherriff, A. (2005). Early life risk factors for obesity in childhood: cohort study. Bmj, 330(7504), 1357. Sobko, T., Svensson, V., Ek, A., Ekstedt, M., Karlsson, H., Johansson, E., ... & Marcus, C. (2011). A randomised controlled trial for overweight and obese parents to prevent childhood obesity-Early STOPP (STockholm Obesity Prevention Program). BMC… Continue Reading...

The Elderly and Dementia

3). The researchers examined level 1 studies, level 2 studies and level 3 studies, including other systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials. They identified the following types of intervention approaches: · Unimodal sensory interventions · Multisensory interventions · Functional task object availability · Specialized environments · Person-centered interventions The researchers discussed the evidence thematically, noting that “strong evidence supports the use of ambient music other than at mealtimes; multisensory interventions; private, personalized rooms; varied ambiance in common rooms; and orienting room objects for clients who live in institutional settings” (Jensen & Padilla, 2017, p. 6). The researchers also found… Continue Reading...

Education Peace Action Plan

Action Plan for Early College: Building Support at Honolulu Community College,” I conducted reviews of literature on dual credit programs to better understand the issues and how we can make necessary changes to the educational environment or to policy initiatives. While most of the journey in creating the peace action plan consisted of roses of discovery and learning, inevitably there are thorns that indicate areas that need improvement or attention. The thorns I identify include minimal real world, practical experiences in education leadership that might better inform my peace action plan. Although I interviewed individuals with tenure in the… Continue Reading...

Homeostasis Its Effect on the Critically Ill

G., Payen, D., 2013. Sepsis-induced immunosuppression: From cellular dysfunctions to immunotherapy. Nature reviews Immunology. doi:10.1038/nri3552 Ingels, C., Vanhorebeek, I., Van den Berghe, G., 2018. Glucose homeostasis, nutrition and infections during critical illness. Clinical Microbiology and Infection. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2016.12.033 Khan Academy. 2018. “Homeostasis”. https://www.khanacademy.org/science/high-school-biology/hs-human-body-systems/hs-body-structure-and-homeostasis/a/homeostasis (Last Accessed 10 October 2018) Marshall, J.C., Charbonney, E., Gonzalez, P.D., 2008. The Immune System in Critical Illness. Clinics in Chest Medicine. Nirmalan, N., Nirmalan, M., 2017. Homeostasis in dynamic self-regulatory physiological systems. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine. doi:10.1016/j.mpaic.2017.06.018 Palaparthi, J Med P.T., 2017. “Role of Homeostasis in Human Physiology: A Review,” Journal of Medical Physiology &… Continue Reading...

A Problem Statement for Education

new human resources strategies for teachers, including a formal system of performance reviews written by students and coworkers. Just six months into Skinner’s leadership, five teachers filed an official complaint with the district school board and the educational commissioner. The complaint was filed prior to any formal confrontation with Principal Skinner. Continue Reading...

Using Drugs to Treat Hepatitis C

Chapman, R. W. (2016). IgG4-related hepatobiliary disease: an overview. Nature reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 13(10), 601. Healthline. (2018). Retrieved fromhttps://www.healthline.com/health/hepatitis-c/full-medication-list#ribavirin Kiriyama, A., Honbo, A., Nishimura, A., Shibata, N., & Iga, K. (2016). Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses of antihypertensive drugs, nifedipine and propranolol, in spontaneously hypertensive rats to investigate characteristics of effect and side effects. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 76, 21-29. Tabibian, J. H., O'hara, S. P., Splinter, P. L., Trussoni, C. E., & LaRusso, N. F. (2014). Cholangiocyte senescence by way of N?ras activation is a characteristic of primary sclerosing cholangitis. Hepatology, 59(6), 2263-2275. Tabibian, J. H., Varghese, C., LaRusso, N. F., & O'hara, S. P. (2016).… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Lead Exposures Among Children Under 12 Years Of Age

frequently had higher levels of Lead than cold water. Summary The results from the researches reviews indicate that Lead exposure to children under the age of 12 years may take place in their home and schools. The exposure is occasioned by both from water sources with high levels of Lead and in old corroded plumbing system with a component made from Lead. These factors were observed in some case to contain Lead levels that are seven times above the accepted limit. In the case for BLL in the children, high levels of up to 4.9% were observed in children under the… Continue Reading...

Healthcare System and Practice Guideline

controlled trial) or evidence-based clinical practice guiding principles centered on systematic reviews of RCTs or three or more RCTs of good quality that have the same outcomes (Burns et al., 2011). It is imperative to note that the health care practical guideline s based on a systematic review of both clinical and epidemiological evidence. In the case of this healthcare system practice guideline on Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Primary Care (2017), the Champions, in conjunction with the Work Group, were given the task of pinpointing key questions to direct the systematic review of the literature on Diabetes Mellitus.… Continue Reading...

Reliability Credibility and Validity

2016). Regardless, it works similar like the member check in that, someone else reviews the information for reliability. Except the work is subjected to others’ scrutiny. Those others being experts within the same field, before work can be published as a book, in a journal, or in conference proceedings (Wicherts, 2016). The final technique up for discussion is a pilot test. Pilot studies allow for researchers to find potential barriers and issues concerning recruitment of potential participants and observing things from a phenomenological perspective. Other benefits gained from a pilot study that increase dependability is a chance for reflection… Continue Reading...

Group Leadership and Formation

job of controlling the narrative at times and too many negative reviews were allowed to remain for too long on our feeds. Carlos was uncertain that the product would be ready in time. Dodd was leaving for another company in two weeks so had no real vested interest in anything that happened here. Michelle felt betrayed by management over an earlier issue so had no incentive to work with us on this project; plus, she had personal issues and did not have time to work overtime for us on this. We had one week to come up with a… Continue Reading...

Social Media Postings and the Internet Privacy

written a series of other academic material and there are peer reviews on these articles and books hence proven to be academically useful in the research. Macdonald S., (2018). Data Privacy and Security Questions Answered with Scott Macdonald. Retrieved August 24, 2018 from https://www.ebsco.com/blog/article/gdpr-data-privacy-and-security-questions-with-scott-macdonald This is a journal article retrieved from EBSCO. Indeed it is an excerpt from an interview that was conducted with the vice president of information security and platform operations. It gives a technical and real life experience of the world of internet security, hence useful in this research. Ayala D., (2017). Dealing with the Loss… Continue Reading...

Corporate Greed Firms Secretly Collecting and Selling Information About Your Online Behavior

a means of better understanding and meeting demands. Customer behavior analysis, together with analysis of feedback and reviews, can help firms agilely modify their services, products and digital presence for better suiting the present marketplace (Uzialko, 2018). Firms enhance overall consumer experience using consumer information as well as take personalized-level decisions. Contextualized information aids firms in understanding consumer response to and engagement with marketing campaigns, which will facilitate appropriate adjustments. Such information is highly valuable to advertisers; hence, its ever-growing demand. But this implies that the more incongruent data sources relied on by data brokers, the more detailed the… Continue Reading...

Public Transportation and Promotion

more attractive it will become. References Banister, D. (2000). Sustainable urban development and transport-a Eurovision for 2020. Transport reviews, 20(1), 113-130. Parry, I. W. H. (2002). Comparing the efficiency of alternative policies for reducing traffic congestion. Journal of public economics, 85(3), 333-362. Sibinga, E. M., Kerrigan, D., Stewart, M., Johnson, K., Magyari, T., & Ellen, J. M. (2011). Mindfulness-based stress reduction for urban youth. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(3), 213-218. Thøgersen, J. (2009). Promoting public transport as a subscription service: Effects of a free month travel card. Transport Policy, 16(6), 335-343. Woodcock, J., Edwards, P., Tonne, C., Armstrong, B. G., Ashiru, O., Banister, D., ... & Franco,… Continue Reading...

Security Training and Management

a paper trail of there are any human resource or legal concerns about performance reviews) is necessary to ensure that the promised services are being delivered to the purchaser or contractor (McCrie, 2016). In-service training allows employees to receive feedback from peers in an isolated context. In contrast to ongoing training, which focuses on manager and employer feedback, in-service training gives employees the benefits of the insights of fellow professionals. This feedback is often more sympathetic and less judgmental, and may offer specific solutions to the problems that service personnel are grappling with that might otherwise be overlooked. Personnel… Continue Reading...

Positive Contributions by Veterans in the Construction Sector Essay

life, it was a ... it took a while.  These perspectives are linked to scholarly literature reviews. For the most part, these standpoints emanate from significant cultural dissimilarities between veterans and non-combatants. Taking this into consideration, numerous veterans may take a lot of time before they are able to make adjustments to the private citizen employment sector. This time as well as resources necessitated for modifications has an impact on recruitment choices (Harrell and Berglass, 2012). The inference of this is that companies are bound to be hesitant to employ newly retired veterans owing to these concerns of extensive and… Continue Reading...

Pay for Performance

O. (2013). Effects of pay for performance in health care: a systematic review of systematic reviews. Health policy, 110(2-3), 115-130. McPhie, A., & Sapin, B. J. (2006). Designing an Effective Pay for Performance Compensation System. US Merit Systems Protection Boar, 1, 56. Rosenthal, M. B., Frank, R. G., Li, Z., & Epstein, A. M. (2005). Early experience with pay-for-performance: from concept to practice. Jama, 294(14), 1788-1793. Vogenberg, F. R., & Smart, M. (2018). Regulatory Change Versus Legislation Impacting Health Care Decisions and Delivery. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 43(1), 34.   Continue Reading...

Qualitative Doctoral Business Research Role Of Theory

of identifying and studying the existing problem to be solved through inquiry. Literature reviews are often brief and they are not meant for guiding research questions at the similar length as the same literature review would guide research in the case of quantitative research. This helps to make sure that literature is not a limiting factor to the information types through which the researcher will acquire knowledge. The use of ethnography makes it possible for researchers to maintain objectivity in research approach for the experiment through information the background. Measures are put in place to make sure preconceptions are… Continue Reading...

Performance Appraisal Security Management

counteract to some degree the autocratic nature of many such reviews. Finally, having concrete objectives by which to measure performance can be useful to ensure that the reviews are not entirely subjective in quality. Q3. What accounts for the popularity and resiliency of MBO? Management by Objectives (MBO) remains popular in part for the reason cited above, that it prevents highly subjective performance appraisals and ensures that employees are evaluated by uniform, predetermined standards. It ensure employees are also evaluated by the same standards within their particular organizational niche, and that these standards do not and will not randomly… Continue Reading...

Patient Care and the Affordable Care Act

Other Search Engines According to Houde (2009), the choice of a search engine in systematic reviews will significantly have an impact on Evidence Based Practice (EBP). The search engine will influence the number of retrieved records, the application relevance of the records, resultant adequacy of care given to the patient, and the subsequent time and money resources used in reviewing the results. In practice I undertook to search broad based terms and thesaurus terms in reviewing the experiences of patients living with leg ulcer. The result indicated that CINAHL database was effective in identifying all broad based terms while the… Continue Reading...

Communications and Integrated Marketing

a customer may also write a positive review of the company’s products. Potential customers also read reviews to ascertain the effectiveness of a company’s product. They trust the reviews because they come from a third party, who has no direct interest in the company profits. reviews are especially powerful in this digital age, where social media and online presence rules. Salespeople are known to suggest to customers to recommend the products to others, and thus their vitality cannot be overemphasized. Finally, salespersons are important because of the power of human interaction. There is such a great potential when two… Continue Reading...

Security for Mobile Devices

wary of downloading an app that does not have any reviews or that has been reviewed negatively by almost all downloaders is not a sufficient method of protecting oneself from downloading a dangerous app. Although the Internet is full of information and people are always willing to share, taking a few moments to review what users online are saying about a specific app before taking the risk of downloading it does not provide a sufficiently sophisticated line of defense. Even if it is a popular app that has been downloaded many thousands of times by users, the risk of… Continue Reading...

Implementation Of Continuous Quality Improvement

2010). History reveals that PROs (the predecessors of QIOs) largely carried out utilization reviews for ensuring Medicare paid for only medically essential care. The preliminary attempts at quality improvement were chiefly restricted to case reviews (i.e., retrospective reviews of individual patient care), and dealing with early de-hospitalizations’ beneficiary appeals. In the year 1992, as a reaction to a report by the IOM (Institute of Medicine) which reinforced the idea that distinct cases of inferior quality typically hinted at broader, systemic quality issues, the HCFA (Health Care Financing Administration, now Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services) declared its intent of redirecting… Continue Reading...

Comparing Etihad and Emirates

year, and how many new hubs are strategically opened. It can be monitored using quarterly reviews to see how developments are proceeding by meeting with department heads. Pricing Strategy The pricing strategy for Etihad could be enhanced by focusing on 3 pricing types: 1) the discount pricing strategy, 2) the economy pricing strategy and 3) the luxury pricing strategy. Everyone loves discounts and these would appeal to all consumers no matter the level of class. Discounts could be offered during times when travel is light so as to induce more people to fly. The economy pricing strategy would help… Continue Reading...

Human Resources

shifting an employee from one department to another. Performance reviews are another specific function of human resources management. A performance review offers supervisors and other employees to provide anonymous feedback that can be used to help employees identify their strengths and weaknesses and improve their overall career outlook. Employees that feel frustrated, or perceive a lack of appreciation or potential for advancement may also request that the human resources department consider lateral moves within the organization. If employee retention is a primary goal of the human resources department, then the manager does whatever possible to retain top talent. A… Continue Reading...

Total Quality Management

additional outlets worth mining for this data. Moreover, customer reviews found on these sites and others provide additional intelligence into consumer needs. Data That Would Be Gathered This data includes consumer reviews and social media sentiment data. The most significant fact about this data is it will be gathered and analyzed using techniques designed for big data. Ideally, this data would be gathered at scale from various social media sites and those which facilitate consumer reviews. However, to accurately gauge the sentiment data, text analytics solutions will be used. Such solutions combine various facets of machine learning with natural… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Potable Water on Nutrition

J.-P. (1986). Epidemiologic evidence for health benefits from improved water and sanitation in developing countries. Epidemiologic reviews, 8(1), 117-128. Henry, R. K., Yongsheng, Z., & Jun, D. (2006). Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries–Kenyan case study. Waste management, 26(1), 92-100. Moe, C. L., & Rheingans, R. D. (2006). Global challenges in water, sanitation and health. Journal of water and health, 4(S1), 41-57. Muinde, O. K., & Kuria, E. (2005). Hygienic and sanitary practices of vendors of street foods in Nairobi, Kenya. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 5(1). Peter-Varbanets, M., Zurbrügg, C., Swartz, C., &… Continue Reading...

How to Improve It the Amazon Customer Experience

large companies, Amazon has had issues arises with its customer experience. Overall, Amazon has earned very positive reviews in terms of its customer relationships, but there is always room for improvement and Amazon strives to set a higher and higher bar for itself, not merely surpass its competitors. In fact, according to Coleman (2018), Amazon calls itself the most customer-centric company on earth. This sets a very high level of expectations for consumers. What Amazon Is Doing Right According to CEO Jeff Bezos, he still reads customer complaints, to gain a sense of what the company is doing wrong… Continue Reading...

Dana Incorporated Implementing Change

be applied to all aspects of operations such as from training to reviews of performance. Step five involves removing barriers. Identify and hire leaders whose role is to major on delivering change. Reward the people who makes change happen and identify those who resist the change as they are assisted to seeing what is needed. Step six involves creating targets that are short-term which are achievable with little room for failure (Mento, et al., 2002). Avoid choosing early targets that might be expensive. Analysis of potential pros and cons should be done thoroughly. People who assist with meeting the… Continue Reading...

Continuous Learning in Business

in the role. Techniques can include: · Seminars · Video training · Reading material · Shadowing · Mentoring Development is applied by conducting employee reviews, setting goals for the department and aligning the individual worker’s performance and goals with those of the department and organization. Development is measured by performing: · Annual employee reviews · Performance evaluations · Direct observation · Interviews with workers · Other metrics 1 The difference between individual learning and development vs. organizational learning and development at Johnson and Johnson is based on the objectives that distinguish the two. The individual’s objectives are typically much smaller in scope and focus on… Continue Reading...

Emergency Response and Management

taken into consideration. These national strategies provide guidance and a framework for creation of emergency operations plan. This paper reviews the NRF, NIMS and NECP in terms of their most useful elements for the county’s emergency management plan. Brief Review of the NRF, NIMS and NECP The National Response Framework (NRF) is a national strategy that seeks to enhance homeland security through providing guiding principles and action points for handling future contingencies and hazards regardless of their origin (Lindsay, 2008). This strategy provides a guiding principles and doctrines for unified actions from all governmental levels and communities in response… Continue Reading...

Drug Addiction

& Volkow, N. D. (2011). Dysfunction of the prefrontal cortex in addiction: Neuroimaging findings and clinical implications. Nature reviews Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn3119 Koob, G. F., Arends, M. A., & Le, M. M. (2014). Drugs, addiction, and the brain. Amsterdam; Boston: Elsevier/AP, Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier Levy, N. (2013). Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. (N. Levy, Ed.), Addiction and self-control: Perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience. Oxford University Press National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2016). Understanding Drug Abuse and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1080/00131726109338398 Nutt, D. J. N. L (2018). Addiction. S.l.: Oxford University Press. Robbins, T. W., & Clark, L. (2015, February… Continue Reading...