Spain Essays


Heineken Case Study

itself to snapping up and acquiring small national brewers like Moretti and Cruzcampo from Italy and spain respectively, which offered the firm minimal but profitable avenues for growth. Going forward, Heineken ought to merge and acquire major beer companies in different regions across the world. Not only will this increase its global status across the world and also generate additional proficiencies in manufacturing and distribution, but the company will also increase the revenues generated and become a powerful international competitor. Another strategy used by Heineken in the past was largely depending upon the success of its flagship Heineken brand.… Continue Reading...

Use Of Self Images in Baroque Art

impulse. This style thrived in many areas of the European continent including Italy, spain, Flanders, and the Netherlands, and was marked by some common elements despite the existence of major distinctions between regions and artists. Baroque sculptures and paintings were structured around unpredictable diagonal lines, instead of the traditional pyramid or triangle.[footnoteRef:1] Self-portraits grew into a progressively ambitious form that took the aspects of self-awareness and self-promotion to new heights.[footnoteRef:2] In this paper, three Baroque self-images will be discussed, namely, Rembrandt, 1660; Salvatore Rosa, 1647; and Anthony van Dyck, 1620-21. [1: Fichner-Rathus, Lois. Foundations of Art and Design: An… Continue Reading...

Systematic Review

Some of the results were presented through posters at Madrid in spain, during Cochrane Colloquium 19 (October 2011). Four writers; Andrea C. Tricco, Lubna A. Al-Ansary, Ghada A. Bawazeer and Yaser A. Adi were able to get all the initial guidelines; they were accountable for the information's integrity as well as the data evaluation's accuracy (Al-Ansary et al., 2013). Overview of the Systematic Review The review was meant to assess the consistency and quality of propositions of modern global and national guidelines on the examination, evaluation and control hypertension as well as to measure the level of comprehensiveness of… Continue Reading...

Argument Against Portuguese New World Involvement

commissioned and requested by the crown that sent him. Also mentioned by Restall is the broader overall work of spain and Portugual. Two other names that come up when speaking of the great men myth are Cortes and Pizarro. Of course, Cortes was a conquistador from spain that was leading the expedition that eventually led to the fall of the Aztec empire. Francisco Pizarro, on the other hand, was similar in that he led the similar effort that led to the fall of the Incas. In the case of all three men, they were indeed among the first to… Continue Reading...

Role Of Labour Market Imperfections in Generating Unemployment

10.5% in 1984 (Baker et al., 2004). These were mainly France, Germany, Italy, and spain.  The level of unemployment stagnated at the 1984 level up to 1998, though with a decline to 8-9% between 1989 and 1991 (Baker et al., 2004). During the same period, indexes for employment protection, union density, bargaining coordination, employment benefits, labour taxes, and active labour market policies remained on an upward trend, suggesting a strong positive correlation between labour market institutions and unemployment.  Whereas labour market institutions and regulations may result in increased unemployment, this argument may not always bet true. Empirical evidence from… Continue Reading...

A History Of the Life and Voyages Of Christopher Columbus Book

Alexander Everett, the Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States to spain at the time summoned Irving to Madrid, to translate a collection of documents about Christopher Columbus that had been recently published. Therefore, such sources were adequate. The reason between the difference found between the adequacy of Irving's sources for his book project and his book as a source on Columbus is that Irving was an author seeking to allude to American readers. As a result, his biography on Christopher Columbus was largely made up of theatrical and studied episodes, most of which were founded on myth rather than… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Strategies

demand increased in different regions of the globe, the company established manufacturing facilities in Singapore as well as spain to meet the demands for Asia and Europe respectively (Lee, 2004). Despite the fact that Washington continued to be the location where the company developed new printers, Singapore grew into the biggest production facility because HP required economies of scale for its imminent survival. Towards the mid-90s, the company realized that manufacturing technologies for printers had advanced and progressed and that it could subcontract manufacturing to wholesalers wholly. Subsequently, Hewlett-Packard achieved cost reductions and continued to be a leader in… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

and Claude 167). This is perhaps a reversible shift. The U.S., Brazil, spain, and Poland displayed substantial proof of a private-public religious move, with clear proofs of religion's retreat to the realm of the private. But religious skepticism was an unlikely justification: A majority of individuals indicating no religious preference held traditional religious views in spite of separating from their organized religious groups. Such unchurched believers accounted for a major part of the growth in the no religious preference trend. The paper would be incomplete without a look at celebrity effects, especially Oprah Winfrey's influence, on spirituality and religion.… Continue Reading...

Chesapeake Middle Colonies Georgia and the Carolinas

was unique in that: 1. It offered a military bulwark safeguarding the Carolinas from the spain-controlled Floridian state, and 2. It was a societal experiment which gathered migrants belonging to different religious and ethnic backgrounds. A large number of residents of Georgia were defaulters, exiles, or 'depressed wretches' that constituted the worthy poor. Georgia was intended to offer London's poor a haven. It served as an effective bulwark against the Floridian state, but was unsuccessful in its attempts to become a "commoner's utopia". At first, economic equity was upheld by restricting landholdings to five-hundred acres. There were bans on liquor… Continue Reading...

Solow Growth Model and Unemployment

nations. Within Europe, there is considerable variability in unemployment rates, with spain showing particular volatility in its rate, but also France and Italy having persistently higher unemployment rates Most unemployment in the UK is composed of unemployed women, though there has been a general decline in long-term unemployment, implying a shift towards more unemployment, but that being more temporary in nature. Youth unemployment rates have increased since 1985 in the UK. The price and wage setting framework can be used to understand the determinants of unemployment. Prices in an economy are set by marginal cost of production, firm markup… Continue Reading...

12 Angry Men Prejudice Vs Justice

Angry Men." Literature/Film Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2 (1986): 112-121. Goya, Francisco. "The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters." KhanAcademy. Web. https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/becoming-modern/romanticism/romanticism-in- spain/a/goya-the-sleep-of-reason-produces-monsters Lumet, Sidney, dir. Twelve Angry Men. LA: United Artists, 1957. Film. Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

Varul, M., 2001. Country-of-origin effects, host-country effects, and the management of HR in multinationals: German companies in Britain and spain. Journal of World Business, 36(2), 107-127. Hussein, A. and Kachwamba, M., 2009. The influence of country-of-origin on human resource strategy of multinational companies in developing countries. Computer Science and Information Technology -- Spring Conference, 2009. Ngo, H., Turban, D., Lau, C. and Lui, S., 1998. Human resource practices and firm performance of multinational corporations: influences of country of origin. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 9(4), 632-652. Noorderhaven, N. and Harzing, A., 2003. The "country-of-origin effect" in multinational… Continue Reading...

Filipinos and the Catholic Church

Magellan, prompting wars among the natives. More settlers from spain arrived and turned the Philippines into New spain in much the same way the Englanders turned parts of North America into New England. The Spanish incorporated the feudal system into life in the Philippines. The King of spain was considered king of the Philippines and governed via a representative of the crown. This lasted until the 20th century when the Spanish-American War brought the U.S. into control of the Philippines, which did not sit well with much of the Filipino Catholic population. In the 20th century, the Philippines went… Continue Reading...

Judaism Religion Teachings and Festivals

Judaism. Q8 The difference between Sephardic and Ashkenazi Jews is that the Sephardic are believed to have come from parts of spain and Portugal while the Ashkenazi are believed to have come from Germany that the Rabbis refer to as Ashkenazi. Q9 Zionism is a movement that was founded by Theodore Herzl and it was aimed at getting Jews their own establishment as the present-day Israel. The Zionists interpret the biblical narratives in a matter that shows that they believe that Zion is the hills of Jerusalem where the city of David was built. Q10 Israel was declared as an independent… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

Italy is third in Europe with 7 million, followed by spain with 4.5 million and England and Wales with 3.4 million (though in the UK firearm classifications are different and include air guns as firearms) (Small Arms Survey, 2007, p. 48). These numbers, however, are not perfect estimates and the case of Germany is a good example of why it is nearly impossible to obtain an accurate number of firearms owned by civilians. Germany, for example, has "a long history of civilian gun ownership, encouraged by militia-based armies in the 19th century, the side effect of two world wars,… Continue Reading...

Traditional Cuisine in the Philippines

years the Philippines was part of the Spanish Empire (indeed, its name Philippines is in honor of spain's Philip II, who reigned during Villalobos's exploration of the islands in the mid-16th century). The U.S. became involved in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War and their presence there prompted the Philippine-American War (Constantino, 1975). The U.S. maintained control of the islands until after WW2 when the Philippines became independent. The geography of the Philippines consists of a vast archipelago of more than 7000 islands. In all, the islands equate to 115,000 square miles of land, with about a third of… Continue Reading...

Guantanamo Bay Essay

Station Guantanamo Bay, 2014). The U.S. managed to exact this lease following the defeat of spain there in 1898 and by assisting Cuba in achieving its independence (Nazaryan, 2014). In return, the United States was “given complete jurisdiction and control” over Guantanamo Bay (Nazaryan, 2014). The 45 square miles of land and water at Guantanamo Bay were originally intended for use a fueling station and its mission has expanded significantly in the years since (Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, 2014).  Today, the U.S. Naval Base there has a number of missions besides serving as a prison, including the provision of… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

cities with greater crime rates typically report a bigger migrant population. A spain- based research carried out in the year 2001 revealed that the share of foreign- born incarcerated individuals was as much as 25 times greater than the share of migrants within the nation’s population. In spain’s case, most migrants are individuals with highest criminality incidence: single males in the 18 – 35 years age group. Immigration Policy & Law Immigration policies may be defined as all governmental policies which revolve around cross- border movement of individuals into a nation, particularly those individuals moving to the nation for… Continue Reading...

Trade from the End Of the Axial Age to 1500 C.e.

the Roman Empire, which stretched from central Europe out across spain, up to England, down across northern Africa and all the way to Egypt and Persia, was considered the greatest Empire of all time when it existed. It connected so many diverse peoples and populations that it was inevitable that the ideas developed by the beloved classical philosophers should spread and take root wherever wisdom was loved by societies. Moreover, ideas about religion spread via the conquering of lands by the Roman army. The Roman religion, however, incorporated the gods and goddesses of the Greek religion—and so this too… Continue Reading...

Oral History Project

nine months I biked, and then rode the rails. I went to spain, I went to Norway. Playing soccer at midnight under the sun in Norway, that's a special moment for me. The food in spain. French girls – what is it about French girls? You don't know but there's something. The other year, went back to Europe. We went to spain, Portugal, Greece, even when to Germany because my son and his wife were living there at the time. It was fantastic to recreate those memories, to see some of those same places through older, more experienced eyes.… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

this regard, the defining experience of Koestler’s life was his imprisonment in spain for two pivotal reasons. The first is that it gave his fodder for what many regard as his magnum opus. The second, and perhaps the more immediate of the two, is the fact that it enabled him to become a celebrity. There were a number of salient personages involved in the Koestler’s liberation, including William Randolph Hearst (Menand). A minor liberation movement spawned in the United Kingdom, spearheaded by efforts from Koestler’s first wife and Parliamentary assistance. The very drama of his circumstances, the dire nature… Continue Reading...

Vodafone Analysis

Vodafone structure are found in the various regions from Albania to spain to Ireland to Egypt. There is also an Asia Pacific group that includes station chiefs in Australia, Japan and New Zealand (Banzhaf & Som, 2006, p. 837). This structure is facilitated by a new governance scheme as well, which consists of two separate management committees that have responsibility for overseeing the firm’s overall strategic policy. These committees are the Executive Committee which oversees strategy, finance, planning and organizational development; and the Integration and Operations Committee, which oversees operations, budgets, forecasts, product/service development, etc. Both Committees are chaired… Continue Reading...

Sepsis

debilitating issue. Literature Review The article, “Improvement in Process of Care and Outcome After a Multicenter Severe Sepsis Educational Program in spain” by Ferrer and colleagues seeks to determine how closely clinicians are following the new sepsis guidelines. This paper posits that better training and education can help bridge any gaps in understanding by ensuring that clinicians are all on the same page with the best practices. However, the authors of this study wanted to determine how effective such an educational program was on daily practices. This study examined 854 patients and engaged in a rigorous intervention with doctors and nursing… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

Protestant culture was embraced over the Catholic culture.  Europe itself was divided on the whole, with nations like spain and Italy remaining firmly Catholic.  Fighting continued in spite of the temporary peace that concluded the Thirty Years’ War and by the 20th century, a new culture emerged to set aside the warring religious cultures:  the culture of secularism emerged in the West and the East, with political correctness as its driving expression (Chotiner, 2014). Cultural Differences Cultural differences will range from attitudes about religion to political expression to economic ideas to morality, art, music, and community norms. Some cultures… Continue Reading...

What Problems Did the Acquisition Of Empire Generate for Rome?

a number of reasons. For one, the new territories were polyglot and multicultural. They were as diverse as spain and Israel. Rome had no interest in a type of leadership that would empire the local population. Instead, Rome was of the imperialistic mindset through and through and from the get-go, ruling with an iron fist and imposing Roman rule and authority on the local people no matter what. Any hints of political, social, or economic rebellion would be met summarily with military might or political intrigue. Collusion with local political and economic leaders meant that Rome would have been… Continue Reading...

Imperialism and the Industrial Revolution

in Asia because of the resources available overseas, so it started a fight with spain which then controlled these territories and soon the U.S. had taken over the Philippines. In conclusion the Industrial Revolution allowed for mass production of goods like steel, for greater transportation, for technological breakthroughs in communication, and for the stages of globalization to be set. It also led to wars among nations as each fought for access to important minerals and resources. 2 Imperialism Imperialism extended from the Age of Industrialization. As nations became stronger and wealthier and were manufacturing more goods and growing in… Continue Reading...

What Happened to the Lost Colony Of Roanoke

delayed for three years due to Britain’s war with spain. When he arrived back on Virginian soil, the entire colony of more than a hundred inhabitants was entirely vacated. The name of a native tribe, “Croatoan” was carved on a post.”[footnoteRef:2] The colony had been plagued by hunger and poor relations with the native population and had apparently fallen victim to some natural or manmade disaster—but what? [1: Andrew Lawler, “The Mystery of Roanoke Endures Yet Another Cruel Twist,” The Smithsonian Magazine, April 7, 2017, https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/mystery-roanoke-endures-yet-another-cruel-twist-180962837/] [2: Ibid.] It was unclear where the colonists had gone, based upon White’s… Continue Reading...

The Relevance Of Anthropology Today

increasingly globalized and complex society as exemplified by life in Barcelona, spain. The overarching finding that emerged from this study was that, “Voluntarily single motherhood is a new way of understanding between women and men, resulting from the progressive changes in their respective gender roles” (p. 43). Moreover, Jordona-Propper (2013) specifically cites the value of these types of empirical analyses in determining the extent, if any, to which biological and environmental factors shape modern views about gender roles. In this regard, Jordona-Propper adds that, “This anthropological research is grounded in a full vital process: from the personal decision of… Continue Reading...

Why an Essentialist View Of Gender Is Outdated

E. and Estramiana, Jose L. “Essentialism and the Expression of Social Stereotypes: A Comparative Study of spain, Brasil and England.” The Spanish Journal of Psychology, vol. 13, no. 2 (July 1, 2010), pp. 808-812. Philaretou, Andreas G. and Allen, Katherine R. “Reconstructing Masculinity and Sexuality.” The Journal of Men\\'s Studies, vol. 9, no. 3 (Spring 2001), p. 301. Witt, Charles. The Metaphysics of Gender. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. Yzerbyt, Vincent and Judd, Charles M. The Psychology of Group Perception: Perceived Variability, Entitativity, and Essentialism. New York: Psychology Press, 2003. Zevallos, Zuleyka. “Sociology of gender.” The Other Sociologist… Continue Reading...

Clint Eastwood

Sergio Leone. The first film he and Leone did together was A Fistful of Dollars, which was shot in spain and “made Eastwood an overnight star,” (“Clint Eastwood Biography” 1). During the peak of the Western genre’s popularity, Eastwood continued to star in European productions including For a Few Dollars More (1965) and The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly (1966). Eastwood then segued into crime dramas, starring in the 1971 film Dirty Harry and its sequels before getting behind the camera. As a director, Clint Eastwood lacks the status of an auteur, if only because his films span… Continue Reading...

The Russian Revolution and the Rise Of Fascism

states. Fascist movements were not limited to Italy and Germany—they appeared in England, France, spain and elsewhere—but Italy and Germany emerged as the primary Fascist states because of the force of leadership that emerged in each nation respectively: Mussolini in Italy, and Hitler in Germany. Both were at the forefront of the conservative, nationalist movement that pushed back against the rising tide of Communistic socialism, which the conservative nationalist parties vehemently opposed. The Russian Revolution was, in essence, a rejection of everything Old World, as Fitzgerald (2000) showed. The representatives of Fascism were fighting specifically for that Old World—and… Continue Reading...

At the Art Institute Of Chicago

that the nightmares are taking flight. The image is a print that Goya completed in 1799 in spain at a time when the Enlightenment was in full swing and Romanticism was getting under way. The “sleep of reason,” as Goya described it, was a reference to the idea that people in Europe were losing their capacity for logic and common sense—and in effect their minds—by entertaining ludicrous concepts and romantic, utopian visions for society. The French Revolution had already occurred and the continent was now at war as Napoleon made his force felt. Reason, Goya, felt was being lost every… Continue Reading...

Goya Rodin and Modern Art

reflects what was happening in his own time. The effects of the French Revolution had spread throughout Europe and spain had gotten to enjoy the Napoleon’s conquests. Goya’s painting reflected the insane frenzy for power. The Protestant Revolution had led to wars throughout the Continent over the previous two centuries (Laux). The French Revolution had led to immense bloodshed in an attempt to instill a new order based on Reason (Holsti). Napoleon had invaded country after country in response, and the Spanish Inquisition was trying to root out crypto Jews to protect the country and the Church from (Elliot;… Continue Reading...

What Did Goya Paint

and Values: a Survey of the Humanities. NY: Cengage, 2014. Elliott, J. H. spain, Europe and the Wider World: 1500-1800. Yale University Press, 2009. Holsti, Kalevi. Peace and Conflict: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648-1989. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Laux, John. Church History. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1943. Licht, Fred. Goya: The Origins of the Modern Temper in Art. Icon, 1983.  Redon, Odilon and Alfred Werner. The Graphic Works of Odilon Redon, Dover, 1969 Redon, Odilon, and Raphaël Bouvier. Odilon Redon, 2014. Roth, Norman. Conversos, Inquisition, and the Expulsion of the Jews from spain. Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2002.   Continue Reading...

Critical Analysis War Is a Racket

on The Maine, which our yellow journalists quickly blamed on spain, which allowed our leaders (who always have a cozy relationship with our bankers, speculators and industrialists) to go take the Philippines. In WWI, it was the Lusitania. In Vietnam, it was Gulf of Tonkin. In WWII, it was Pearl Harbor. For the current ME disaster, it was 9/11 and then the mobile weapons labs and phony evidence regarding yellow cake uranium, Assad gassing his own people, and so on. It never ends—and the same clique always profits, generation after generation, while tax payers foot the bill. During the… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Six Themes in Entrepreneurship

employment of 50 employees. In addition, Mr. Al Tararwa purchased perfumes from nations such as spain, Italy, and France. However, one key aspect has remained the same and this has been the fact that Mr. Altarawa individually picks the products on the basis of his taste and also the uniqueness of the products being retailed. Mobilizing Resources Mobilizing resources is imperative for entrepreneurs and start-ups in order to survive in the market. It is imperative to note that businesses plans are not beneficial in obtaining external funding. Start-ups do not experience real external funding. In fact, according to statistics… Continue Reading...

Do We Need Globalization

in nationalistic politics, from Italy to England to Hungary to spain: the people who have been brought together via the wonders of global communication that have arisen through developments like social media and the information highway are now beginning to feel that in spite of their closeness with the rest of humanity, they still want to retain their own values, their own culture, their own unique way of life. The question is: is such acceptable in a world where global communication has introduced a global culture and a global stage upon which there may soon be one dominant actor?… Continue Reading...

The American Revolution and Enlightenment Thought

the Life of Frederick Douglass. NY: Dover, 1995. Elliott, J. H. spain, Europe and the Wider World: 1500-1800. Yale University Press, 2009. Epstein, R. The classical liberal constitution: The uncertain quest for limited government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 2014. Holsti, Kalevi. Peace and Conflict: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648-1989. NY: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Laux, John. Church History. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1933. Library of Congress. Marbury v. Madison, 2018. https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/marbury.html McNeese, T. The Robber Barons and the Sherman Antitrust Act. Chelsea House, 2009. Montesquieu. The Spirit of Laws. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co, 1873. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. Rousseau: The Social Contract… Continue Reading...

Euro in Crisis

economists pointed out in the 1990s (Trumbull, Roscini & Choi, 2011). States like Greece, Ireland, spain and Italy lacked the necessary clout to be anything other than a drag on a Union in which each state shared a currency. Greece had been brought into the EU under dubious pretenses and its debt bomb was now exploding. The ECB had to respond, along with the IMF, to ensure that the debt bomb was contained and did not wipe everyone out. If Greece defaulted, the banks would eat the loss. If Greece was bailed out to the tune of hundreds of… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Costco Internal Assessment

the company is headquartered in Issaquah, Washington and company has operations in not only the United States, but also spain, Australia, the UK, and Mexico. When it comes to Costco’s business model, it is important to note that the corporation “provides a wide selection of merchandise, plus the convenience of specialty departments and exclusive member services, all designed to make your shopping experience a pleasurable one” (Costco, 2019). In essence, the corporation engages in the operation of membership warehouses together with its various subsidiaries (Yahoo Finance, 2019). Towards this end, the corporation offers for sale “dry and packaged foods,… Continue Reading...

Caterpillar Cycle Of Change Model

Cycle of Change Model to the Caterpillar Case Study Introduction The process by which Caterpillar determined the nature and scope of the change needed began with understanding a very simple principle: the building blocks of an organization have to be aligned with “the overall strategy and performance objectives of the company” and its decision-making (Neilson & Pasternack, 2005). After nearly going bankrupt in the 1980s, Caterpillar reshaped its decision making process, its pathway to information, its approach to motivating, and its organizational structure. To complete this transformation it engaged in a cycle of change, which this paper will describe. Direct… Continue Reading...

Can Nato Still Keep the Peace

by two world wars, neither of which impacted the infrastructure of the U.S. Britain, France, Germany, Poland, Italy, spain—they had all been wracked by war in the 20th century and the U.S. emerged as the sole dominant power. NATO was less about ensuring peace than it was about the European states hitching their wagons in a docile manner to the guiding ship that was the U.S. Toje explains Europe’s willingness to enter NATO in this manner: “The drawbacks of the dependence on the United States (US) during the Cold War was for the Europeans by far outweighed by the… Continue Reading...