Theory Essays


Cultural Identity Essay (Free Example Completed in 2018)

  Abstract This paper discusses all the facets and considerations inherent to cultural identity. Namely, the paper describes the importance of cultural identity, the definition of cultural identity, and examples of cultural identity—both theoretical and literal examples in the world today. This essay seeks to show how one’s cultural identity is so much more than just a melee of one’s race, environment and heritage. Cultural identity is made up of so many factors and influences, both positive and negative, and both direct and covert. This paper sheds light on how one’s cultural identity manifests and how the cultural identity of Continue Reading...

Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

analyzing diverse social elements of our lives. However, considering this dissertation's word count constraints, liberation theory's history and development cannot be adequately covered by the paper. Theology as Critical Reflection Liberation theology mulls over practice, bearing the element of faith in mind. For comprehending this statement's scope, evaluating the question raised at the start of this discussion, for understanding the close interrelationship between spirituality and theological method from this standpoint, is valuable. Lastly, we will be able to detail current challenges. The abovementioned concepts have intensely permeated the concept of liberation theology, and its interpretative structure is developed accordingly.… Continue Reading...

Ecologising Education Now and in the Future

education and sensitivity is imperative. But early childhood educational curriculum, including policy, practice and theory of approaches, which emphasizes environmental perspectives, is seriously lacking. The 1978 Tbilisi Declaration outlines several principles and objectives which demonstrate that ecologising education must promote the idea of students' understanding their natural environment, engaging in critical thinking and active participation, and balancing and recognizing, within their respective communities, the impacts of societal and economic needs on ecological relationships (Tbilisi Declaration 1978). Beginning with one's personal community during early education, the declaration demanded the development of problem-solving ability, knowledge, and environmental sensitivity-related value clarification. The… Continue Reading...

Special Education in Miami Dade

Kereluik, Shin, & Graham, 2013, p. 101). Although a relatively new framework, it has helped influence theory, research, as well as practice in relation to teacher professional development and teacher education. The TPACK framework enables teachers to consider technology application in their design thinking processes. This is because 21st century learning has produced different opportunities and requirements that were not seen in the past (Koh, Chai, Benjamin, & Hong, 2015). Originally created/outlined in 2006 by Matthew Koehler and Punya Mishra, TPACK or TPCK builds on the work produced by Shulman. Shulman stated information of a content or subject area… Continue Reading...

Monetary and Fiscal Policy

derives from taxation. Taxation typically has a cooling effect on economic activity, which in theory would be counterbalanced by the positive influence of spending that money. In practice, this ends up being a contentious political issue, but the general principle is that what activities are taxed, and what are supported through government spending, forms a key component of fiscal policy for economic management. Moreover, how much spending beyond what the government has taxed is another key issue, because deficit spending implies future debt service expenses, which are spending that is not an investment. References Federal Reserve (2016). How monetary… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility

compared with shareholders, who are individuals with an ownership-related interest. Stakeholder theory was majorly impacted by philosopher, R. Edward Freeman's 1984 work Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. The stakeholders in this case would be the company itself, its managers and workforce, and its Colberian facility's executives and workers. Human Rights Issues The American Congress instituted the federal agency, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) in the year 1970. The agency was made responsible for formulating safety and health standards for organizations. Ever since, key discourse on workplace safety and health has revolved around setting of these public standards. The… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Murderers Alex and Derek King

Criminology Offenders: Alex and Derek King (12 and 13 when they killed their father) theory: Sampson and Laub's Age-Graded theory of Informal Social Control One basic premise of the Age-Graded criminology and informal social control theory was that, whilst experiences of childhood and personality traits are vital to comprehending behavioral stability, teenage and adulthood experiences can readdress criminal paths either more negatively or positively. Laub and Sampson discovered, particularly, that marital relationships and employment stability were a key factor in adult criminal change. With increased strength of familial and workplace bonds, deviancy and criminality… Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

Travis Hirschi's Social Bonding theory The theorist, Hirschi, asserts that those who exhibit deviant behavior desire to do so and that criminal behavior is seen among people with weak social bonds. In his social bonding model, he delineated four elements which make up social bonds, namely, attachment to partner/spouse, engagement in conforming behaviors, holding conventional beliefs and values, and dedication to conventionality (Wolfzorn, Heckert & Heckert, 2006). The theorist indicates that with increased attachment of a person to fellow human beings, their belief in… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

The impact of opiate dependence on parenting processes: Contextual, physiological and psychological factors. Addiction Research & theory, 617-635. EHSAN JOZAGHI. (2014). "SALOME GAVE MY DIGNITY BACK": THE ROLE OF RANDOMIZED HEROIN TRIALS IN TRANSFORMING LIVES IN THE DOWNTOWN EASTSIDE OF VANCOUVER, CANADA. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being. Jennifer Van Pelt. (2012, October). Pain Care Advocacy in an Era of Opioid Abuse. Social Work Today, p. 16. Philippe Bourgois, Dan Ciccarone, Jeff Schonberg, Brian R. Edlin, Alex Kral, & Alexis Martinez. (2006). Reinterpreting Ethnic Patterns among White and African-American Men Who Inject Heroin: A Social Science… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Critical Criminology

Conflict theory-The Relationship between Sociology and Criminology Theorists, on, social conflict propose that crime, in general, is triggered by conflict in the class system, as well as, laws that have been shaped by individuals and groups in power to safeguard their interests and rights. All acts of crime have political nuances, and Quinney refers to this as crime's social reality. Research attempts to confirm the conflict method; on the contrary, have not generated significant results (Seigel, 2000). Moreover, sociologists ponder over the social patterns that exist among… Continue Reading...

Analyzing Organizational Change

faced conflicting or difficult directives or routes when adapting to the change in question. theory recommends providing some measure of leniency for simultaneously achieving both desired outcomes. Insight (2009) claims a firm that wishes to effectively implement change must be prepared for it. That is, its structure and human resource should be capable of, and ready to adopt, change. Four mechanisms have been defined in the Harvard Business Review (2010) for ascertaining if a company is change-ready: 1. Change awareness; Deals with an organization's capacity of defining its ability. It must concentrate on JIT (just-in-time) and innovation. The process… Continue Reading...

At-will Employment and the Law

John. Thus, John could be legally fired. However, to limit liability and impact on operations, the ethical theory approach to use here could be the Utilitarian approach -- John's behavior is scandalous to customers; therefore, he must go. At the same time, out of respect for John's free speech on social media, one could take a transformational leadership approach, retain John, correct him, and coach him to be a better employee who does not criticize customers no matter their deficiencies. This is an alternative that could really limit liability should John choose to sue over wrongful termination. Ellen on… Continue Reading...

Managing Change and Dynamics in an Organization

model is separated into three stages as unfreezing, movement, and freezing. Following Lewin's model, other scholars advanced this theory making it highly effective. Among them is Kotter's eight-step model, which holds that successful change implementation relies on the eight steps suggested by him. The ADKAR change model pioneered by Jeffery M. Hait can also be adopted (2006). ADKAR has been widely applied in the field of business and management as a framework to understand the change in the individual level. It is composed of five elements namely, Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability and Reinforcement (Burnes, 2004). Kotter always believed that… Continue Reading...

Children Of Divorce and How They Can Be Helped

notes, story-telling is a fundamental part of human nature and it is a process that is "well-founded in narrative theory, phenomenology, psychoanalytic theory, trauma studies and aesthetics." Thus, in the realm of Art Therapy, counselors can engage children to bridge gaps in their interior development by making connections through story between the mind, the emotions, and the body's actions (Harpaz, 2014). Likewise, Watts, Oburu, Lah, Hunt and Rhodes (2016) show that "singing, play, dancing and story-telling" are all effective forms of psychosocial stimulation that help children to overcome developmental challenges (p. 1840). In the case of divorce, such stimulating… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

and the emergent larger issues (Jeffrey C. Connor, 2000). Application theory 1. Relative Deprivation theory Relative deprivation theory is used in explaining how social dictates and norms moderate the extent of the effect of perceived racial discrimination on variables of outcomes. Discrimination should therefore be examined in the context it occurs (Maria del Carmen, Mevan Jayasinghe, & Jenna R. Pieper, 2015). Relative deprivation theory argues that feelings of individuals on being denied something are pegged on fair treatment standards, which are informed by the particular context of the action. According to the theory, for someone to feel that they've been… Continue Reading...

Ethical Principles and Code Of Conduct Among Psychologists

research uses the environmental determiners of behavior, and very useful in controlling learner behavior. The weakness of the theory is that it does not apply to everyone and that it rejects the cognitive factors. The issue selected is that of adolescent smoking. From the operant conditioning, the environment is the main contributor to this behavior. The theory can be used to gain understanding and hence control of the issue (Grenyer & Lewis, 2012) WEEK 3 DISCUSSION 1 In this case, study, the client is the organization. As the I/O psychologist, the professional is to foresee a successful completion of… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Philanthropic Foundations

a degree equal to corporate aims related to profit. The study uses upper echelons theory as a framework for approaching the subject. The method of gathering data employed in this study was a systematic review of a selected sample from the Fortune 500 list of organizations between the years 1996 and 2006. The purpose of using this sample was because large organizations are more engaged in corporate philanthropic activities than are small companies. A longitudinal study was conducted over a period of ten years in which dollars given to corporate charity organizations were log-transformed (this was the dependent variable), while… Continue Reading...

Open Source Software

cases and the themes used are motivation, technology, strategies, social and economics, and the impact of adoption on theory and practice (Fitzgerald et al. 2011). Analysis of the review While reading Gaff & Ploussios (2012), the perception gained by the reader is that the authors intend to provide an accurate and authoritative informative piece regarding the matter of origin and adoption of OSS. The paper lays emphasis on the licensure of OSS, and the various types of license available. The paper is provided based on the understanding that the most authoritative regulatory bodies in the field; IEEE and IEEE… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

that were presented in this chapter. When it comes to constructionist, the Social Development theory can be developed from up under this. It argues that social interaction leads development; awareness and thought are the end product of social behavior and socialization. Bandura's Social Learning theory suggests that individuals can learn from one another, using imitation, observation, and modeling. Behaviorism is considered to be a worldview that functions on a code of "stimulus-reply." It also stresses that all behavior is produced by external stimuli or what is known as the (operant conditioning). For the structural perspective, one theory used is the… Continue Reading...

Strategic Resource Management Hewlett Packard Enterprise

Sheppard, 2004). Right of way, like that enjoyed by railroads, is a very valuable right. Economic theory ought to consider land a unique and separate production factor, from which practical inferences must be made. A key challenge encountered by governments and economists is ensuring effective working of land markets, taxation, and policy, for the welfare of the public. One can see the enormous significance of land when one regards it as a production factor. In the end, all that mankind uses traces back to land. It is fitting, indeed, to term land as the true source of material wealth.… Continue Reading...

Generational Differences in Social Media Usage

present questions and responses from a survey or shown an outline of the elements of a theory. Word tables illustrate the discussion in the text" (p. 161). A number of qualitative studies have used word tables for data collection purposes, including a study by Geraci and Mcdaniel (2009) that examined intergenerational differences in memory patterns of distinctive events, a study by Miller (2009) that used a word table to evaluate the lived experiences of law school students, and a study by Lapelle (2004) that used word tables for coding the results of literature reviews, interviews and responses to open-ended… Continue Reading...

Effect Of Gender on Leadership Style and Employee Job Satisfaction

females are social and democratic - and guides leadership theory development. Unfortunately, conflicting, poorly-composed research works exist in support of, or in opposition to, the prevalent standpoints on gender-specific approaches to leadership. These works frequently define gender leadership in a different manner: behavior vs. demographics. Researches depicting no significant differences in leadership styles of males and females concentrate more on context than individuals. It is becoming increasingly clear that group perceptions of female leaders' roles might be more significant than physical gender. References Ayman, R. & Korabik, K. (2010). Leadership: Why gender and culture matter. American Psychologist, Vol 65(3),… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Change Management

& Randle, Y. (2011). Corporate culture: the ultimate strategic asset. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Simerson, B. (2011). Strategic planning: a practical guide to strategy formulation and execution. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. Continue Reading...

Large Corporations Engage in Dishonest Business Practices

The abuse of power given to these companies makes current business immoral. Bibliography Dubcova, G. (2013). Actual Trends in theory and in Practice of the International Business Ethics. Ekonomika a Management, 2013(1), 16-28. Lippencott, G. (2011, May 23). The Immorality of American Business. - Loyal Opposition / LJWorld.com. Retrieved from http://www2.ljworld.com/weblogs/loyal-opposition/2011/may/23/the-immorality-of-american-business/ Mather, J., & Tadros, E. (2016, March 23). The ATO Reveals the Tax Secrets of the Rich List - afr.com. Retrieved from http://www.afr.com/news/policy/tax/the-ato-reveals-the-tax-secrets-of-the-rich-list-20160321-gno066 Washington post. (2016, March 21). A transcript of Donald Trump's meeting with The Washington Post editorial board - The Washington Post. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/post-partisan/wp/2016/03/21/a-transcript-of-donald-trumps-meeting-with-the-washington-post-editorial-board/?tid=ss_fb&utm_term=.644f2b89d856 Continue Reading...

Ending Terrorism in Africa

possibilities for studying counterterrorism efforts. Counter terrorism action such as in naturalism, case studies, institutional ethnography, ethnomethodology, grounded theory, extended case method and action research are some of the possible paradigms (Stump & Dixit, 2012). Bias and Flexibility In the aftermath of 9/11, terrorism has become an ever difficult area to study because it faces a heavy and ready bias. Owing to these events, any analysis that seeks to be objective must view the current literature as heavily skewed. If matters persist as they are for longer, there is a risk that studies to do with terrorism will easily… Continue Reading...

Enlightenment

Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment, trans John Cumming. London: Verso, 1997. Print. MacIntyre, Alasdair. After virtue: a study in moral theory. 3rd ed. London: Bloomsbury, 2007. Print. Rasmussen, Dennis C. Contemporary political theory as an anti-Enlightenment project. Brown University, n.d. Web. 9 September 2016. Continue Reading...

Aristotle’s Philosophy

viewpoint through the logic that the notion of good changes with different categories; and Platonic theory of an ideal absolute good cannot be applied to all sciences or disciplines as the standards of good are different for different fields. Aristotle also contests ideal good notion for its practical application, as for a carpenter or doctor the knowledge of this ideal good is of no use as the appropriate good for each means to attain good in their own field, "for a doctor seems not even to study health in this way" but through the healing. He recognises that the… Continue Reading...

Facets Of Global Leaders

interpersonal nature (Javidan, Bullough & Dibble, 2016). While there is only so far that theory and ideas can take a person when it comes to the real world practice of global leadership, there are some broader frameworks and conceptual models that one can consider and ponder when it comes to the subject. Indeed, global organizations, by virtue of their status and position, must content with and handle other global leaders. Beyond that, it is less than easy to find full and constant parallels between the facets of domestic leadership and the same thing for global leadership. It has been found… Continue Reading...

Evolution Of Management Style at Galaxy Toys

and authority to people (employees) over the years (Griffin, 2008). The evolution of management theory over time depicts the ever changing role of managers or leaders in organizations. Each management orientation or school of thought, however, presents its own merits and demerits. With reference to Galaxy Toys, Inc., an American toy manufacturing company, this case study provides an analysis of how the style of management in the organization has evolved from the mid-20th century to the 21st century. The case study particularly identifies two management theories that depict the organization's style of management in the late 1960s as well… Continue Reading...

Fairy Stories

primary imagination that perceives and creates reality. Creative imagination must be perceived with the seriousness it deserves in Tolkien's theory of the Fairy. The developer, the writer of such a story is a sub-creator because he creates a world in which the reader enters and lives. The state of the mind of the reader is rather roughly described but not accurately in the expression ''willing suspension of disbelief.' The expression suggests a toleration of agreement. The reader embarks on secondary belief when the story succeeds. This will hold true for as long as the narration and relation of the… Continue Reading...

Second Chance Act Of 2008

to assist them gaining full employment. Roca uses the theory of change in assisting people to change to a positive way. Since 2005, Roca 's model has transformed behaviors of several young people in a positive way. Apart from the Roca's model that supports a mass implementation of the Second Chance Act, Fryer, A. (2015) also argues that SCA will assist in reducing the recidivism across the United States. The author supports his belief based on the case of rehabilitation program carried out by the Justice Center. In 2014, 10 men were asked to sign up for a 6-week… Continue Reading...

Apple Investment and Financial Analysis

Moreover, Apple has higher market values than the Microsoft market value. Capital Structure theory The capital structure theory assists in determining method to select the most optimal organization for an investment based on the market value and costs of capital. Typically, the capital structure theory assumes that the company that is able to maximize the market value and minimize the cost of finance will be the best company to invest. At the end of 2015 fiscal year, Apple recorded a long-term debt of $28.98 billion, however, the company net income was $53.39 billion. The data show that the company has… Continue Reading...

Change Management

Chaos theory states that change represents a contemporary corporate model which is best suited to the advanced corporations of the current era. The theory understands the fact that change is unavoidable, but that forecasting its trajectory and time is hard (Taneja, 2013). Mergers, acquisitions, governmental takeovers and liquidations, which are ever more frequently observed, all support chaos theory premises. Akin to chemistry, organizational change may be classified as organic (flowing from an existing process) or inorganic (entirely different) (Wong, 2016). A Discussion That Assesses the… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Federalism on Privacy Rights

the right to privacy is no longer considered from a legal theory perspective but as an issue of public interest. Therefore, the most significant impact of federalism on privacy rights is a negative one since it provides avenues for the central government to violate these rights. Conclusion Federalism is a concept promotes separation of powers between the central government and state governments. This concept has generated numerous constitutional debates in the recent past such as the right to privacy. The positive impact of federalism on privacy rights is that it enables people to determine the extent with which the… Continue Reading...

Gender Equality

There are many, including Sherry Schneider and Gregory Northcraft, that assert that social identity theory and social role theory should be used to understand the problems and dilemmas that arise so as to develop solutions and resolutions to problems rather than allowing infighting and division-style tactics to ruin any sort of synergy or calm in an organization (Schneider & Northcraft, 1999). One thing that was mentioned several times in the introduction, and not by accident, is the difference between gender and sex. There is not a question as to what someone is born as from a sexual standpoint at… Continue Reading...

Diversity Management

likelihood of conflict. Reference Yang, Y., & Konrad, A. (2011). Understanding diversity management practices: implications of institutional theory and resource-based theory. Group & Organization Management, 36(1), 6-38. Continue Reading...

Inclusion-exclusion in the Workplace

more inclusive (Mead et al., 2011). 4. How does the social identity theory provide a connection between social structures and individual identity? The social identity theory provides a connection and link between social structures and individual identity through the connotations and significance that individuals bestow upon their affiliation to identity groups, for instance, those that are created because of race, ethnicity, or gender. In particular, the main suggestion from the social identity theory is that individuals have a desire to have belongingness to groups that have unique and constructive individualities. As a result, the individuals that belong to different groups… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

money, for instance as compensation, inheritance or grant. Mental Accounting Aspects of Mental Accounting There are several different aspects of mental accounting theory, all of which are centered on the psychological distinctions of economic classifications, but do not essentially encompass mental budgeting. They consist of hedonic editing, categorization of gains and losses, earmarking and labeling of income and assets, simultaneous borrowing and saving, and mental budgeting. To begin with, hedonic editing also referred to as 'hedonic framing' takes into account assessing the combinations of gains and losses as experienced by people. Research has shown that people have a preference to segregation of… Continue Reading...

Gopros Usage Of Social Media

(and how you can emulate it). Trackmaven. Retrieved from http://trackmaven.com/blog/2015/01/why-you-should-envy-and-emulate-gopros-instagram-strategy/ Locke, E. et al. (2000). A theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance. NJ: Weldon, M., Eadie, W. (2009). 21st Century Communication: A Reference Handbook. Thousand Oaks: SAGE. Prentice-Hall. Continue Reading...

Prophet’s Night Journey Ascension in Islamic Literature

all in the cosmos, and tutoring him in numerous sciences. (Einstein's relativity theory can explain how two hours spent in space are equivalent to several years on earth). The Prophet (PBUH) said he spent twenty-seven years in the Nightly Journey and Ascension, while his bed on earth was still warm when he returned). b) On this day, it was made mandatory for Muslims to perform Salah (prayer) 5 times a day. The daily prayers were reduced from 50 times to 5 times specifically for the Ummah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), with the reward for 5 times of prayer… Continue Reading...

Germanys Economic Policies

(2013). Das Kapitalbeteiligungsgeschaoft der Sparkassen-Finanzgruppe. Wiesbaden: Deutscher Universitaotsverlag. Reiff, M. (2015). On Unemployment: A Micro- theory of Economic Justice. International Monetary Fund. European Dept. SGI, (2016). SGI 2016 - Germany - Economic Policies. [online] Sgi-network.org. Available at: http://www.sgi-network.org/2016/Germany/Economic_Policies [Accessed 25 Oct. 2016]. Trading Economics, (2016). Germany GDP - 1970-2016 - Data - Chart - Calendar - Forecast - News. [online] Tradingeconomics.com. Available at: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/germany/gdp [Accessed 25 Oct. 2016]. UNESCO, (2014). EFA Global Monitoring Report -- 2013 -- 2014 -- Teaching and Learning Achieving quality for all. UNESCO. WorldBank, (2016). GDP per capita growth (annual %) - Data. [online] Data.worldbank.org. Available at:… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Research Annotated Bibliography

applied, the methodology is a valuable tool for health sciences in evaluating programs, crafting interventions and developing theory. This paper seeks to guide the inexperienced researcher in picking out the important elements for purposes of design and implementation of qualitative case study research tasks. There is a summary of the available designs of case study. The generalized recommendations for drafting the research questions, crafting propositions, binding the case, determination of the case in focus, triangulation and discussion of the sources of data are also availed. In order to apply the principles, there must be clear samples of research questions,… Continue Reading...

Case Summary Analysis

(Warren Commission Report, 1963). The Case Summary and Offender Profile CRIMINOLOGICAL theory 7 The commission of Warren wrote an 888-page report submitted it in 1964, September 24 to Johnson. The report was then publicized after three days. It stated that the bullet which led to Kennedy's death and that which injured the governor had been fired by Lee. He fired three shots using a rifle which he pointed from a window in the Book Depository of Texas Building, on the 6th floor. There was a detailed report on the life of Lee, even when he was in Russia, but there was… Continue Reading...

Leadership Tools and Being Fair

should be identified and fixed. However, it should never be assumed that workers are " theory X" and that they need the proverbial whip cracked to get their job done. Similarly, there should not be a cutting of corners when it comes to attaining desired results. Whether it be safety, quality or whatever else, cutting corners just leads to quality going down and workers being unsafe. Either way, the bottom line is going to take a hit and the leaders in that situation are ultimately to blame if they let that malfeasance go on for any considerable amount of time.… Continue Reading...

American Body Culture Annotated Bibliography

Studies International Forum 30, no. 2 (2007): 158-74. Carla explores the theory of feminist poststructuralist of fat that narrates diverse fat women in the Canadian context. The author documents the cultural message regarding fitness and fatness contributing to the perceptions of the fat frame being unfit for the societal values. Typically, size stereotypes have attributed to lack of physical activity and overeating. The author recommends that women need to be creative at self-making and indulge in physical activity. Keith, Walden. "The Road to Fat City: An Interpretation of the Development of Weight Consciousness in Western Society." Historical Reflections. 12, no.… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

Mishra, Kereluik, Shin, & Graham, 2013, p. 101). Although a relatively new framework, it has helped influence theory, research, as well as practice in relation to teacher professional development and teacher education. The TPACK framework enables teachers to consider technology application in their design thinking processes. This is because 21st century learning has produced different opportunities and requirements that were not seen in the past (Koh, Chai, Benjamin, & Hong, 2015). Originally created/outlined in 2006 by Matthew Koehler and Punya Mishra, TPACK or TPCK builds on the work produced by Shulman. Shulman stated information of a content or subject… Continue Reading...

Teaching and Learning

during school hours as well. A story-centred syllabus is created, aiming to address potential issues. The underlying theory is provided for explaining content and framework choice. Further, this essay methodically offers seven teaching sessions in the framework, together with an alternate evaluation for one of them. The journal has been referenced in (Handoyo Puji, 2016). Language isn't graded or chosen for the author's syllabi or stories, but is used from that typically seen in a majority of beginner syllabi. Individual stories achieve distinct objectives in the parallel program based on language features, subject matter, and activities. It is necessary… Continue Reading...

Soren Aabye Kierkegaard

area. He may rightly be called a man of all disciplines, owing to his contributions to philosophy, theology, literary theory, psychology, social and political theory, and communications theory. He wished for the world to remember him chiefly as a spiritual philosopher. In fact, Soren even stated he was actually a missionary who aimed at reintroducing Christianity in the Christian community (Garff, 2005). Considering his various interests and chiefly-religious purposes, some people raise doubts regarding whether he can really be considered a philosopher. Soren became more and more certain that the Danish Lutheran Church rendered a true Christian life hard… Continue Reading...

Recycling Research Proposal

do we waste daily? Retrieved from https://center.sustainability.duke.edu/resources/green-facts-consumers/how-much-do-we-waste-daily Eckersley, R. (1992). Environmentalism and political theory. Albany: State University of New York Press. Elliott, B., & Elliott, J. (2013). Financial Accounting and Reporting. London: Pearson. EPA. (2013). Defining and Measuring Solid Waste Recycling and Disposal (No. Publication No. 905Q13001). Retrieved from https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/region_5_state_measurerment.pdf Gandy, M. (2014). Recycling and the Politics of Urban Waste. Abingdon: Routledge. Purser, R., Park, C., & Montuori, A. (1995). Limits to anthropocentrism; toward an ecocentric organization paradigm. Academy of Management Review, 20(4), 1053 -- 1090. Recycling Consortium. (2016). Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Recycling Explained. Retrieved from http://www.recyclingconsortium.org.uk/primary/ Sarmaniotis, C.,… Continue Reading...

Jerry Maguire Analysis

when he is in the hospital visiting a player that is suffering from severe concussion, and the players man theory to advise his father to stop playing in order to protect his health, Jerry dismisses the request, stating that nobody could stop him playing. This demonstrates his uncanny nature, which even Terry himself questions later in the film, when he asked himself if you just become another shock in a suit. This evolution towards redemption occurs after this encounter, when he writes a mission statement for himself, regarding the way he would like to be as an agent and… Continue Reading...

Pro Slavery in the Antebellum Period

democracy was a rise of landless poor as this could cause class warfare. [footnoteRef:1] [1: ibid] "Mudsill theory" supposed that there has to be a lower class upon which the upper class rests. One wealthy plantation owner in the south, James Henry Hammond, used the theory to explain his position on theory justifying it by saying that the slaves willingness to do menial work allowed higher classes help advance civilization. Thus, race or class equality efforts would hinder the advancement of civilization. [footnoteRef:2] [2: ibid] Proslavery theorists in the South argued that the existence of slavery ensured that there were… Continue Reading...

Pecking Order Versus Trade off Theories

The following study elucidates the differences between the two theories. The Pecking Order vs. Trade-Off The Trade-Off theory refers to the concept that a company chooses how much equity finance and how much debt finance to use through balancing the benefits and costs (Agarwal, 2013). This theory explains that organizations are often financed partly with equity and partly with debt. Pecking Order theory argues that the cost of financing increases with asymmetric data. There are three sources of financing for a company: internal funds, new and debt equity. Firms prioritize their financing sources. First, they prefer preferring internal financing, and then… Continue Reading...

Organizing and Leadership Theories

are some of the qualities that make great leaders. Nonetheless, critics of the trait theory have argued that leadership qualities can be acquired through experience, training, and development (Kunnanatt, 2016). The adage "leaders are made, not born" has actually become popular in the contemporary world. Critics of trait theories have particularly argued that successful leaders are defined by their behaviors, not their innate qualities or how they come out to others (Kunnanatt, 2016). In this regard, leaders can either be production-oriented or employee-oriented, or autocratic or democratic. Production-oriented leaders or autocratic leaders focus on the task at hand, with… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Aristotle and Plato

the intelligible world. When it comes to the latter, it can only be hypothetical and in theory due to the invisible nature of it. Of course, the Allegory of the Cave represents a story where people are facing a blank wall and this is what leads to their perceived reality. He then makes clear that a philosopher is someone who has been freed from this slow hell. The analogy of the sun is about the concept of not being able to clearly and concisely defining what goodness happens to be. It is further remarked within the Sun story that… Continue Reading...

Nature and Necessity Of Scientific Revolutions Preview

Previous examinations show that paradigms play an important role in scientific theory. The role mainly informs the researcher or the scientist on the aspects that can and cannot describe the nature and their behaviors as well. "That information provides a map whose details are elucidated by mature scientific research." (15) The map creates a platform for continual scientific study of the universe and its nature into the future. The theories that are involved in paradigms are important for research. Apart from creating the map, the paradigms provide theories, standards and methods, all together to research scientists. Thus, a change… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Probation

given a bigger role in dealing with juvenile lawbreakers. The other theme entailed the quest for proper theory, in order to guide juvenile probation. With social workers' acceptance of psychodynamic models and their increasing discomfort with providing services in the correctional context, probation administrators moved away from social work, an area that was deemed by an increasing number of professionals in the field to be unrelated and unimportant to their job. Why Juvenile Probation? Newton and Abusaid state that juvenile probation officers have a central part to play in delinquent children's development. Being the chief link between law-breaking kids… Continue Reading...

Public Health Law Case Study

Part I: Law as a tool to advance the community's health. JAMA 283(21). 2837-2841. Gostin, L. (2008). A theory and definition of public health law. Georgetown University Law Center. Retrieved from http://scholarship.law.georgetown.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1007&context=ois_papers Gostin, L. O. (2000). Public health law in a new century: part II: public health powers and limits. JAMA, 283(22), 2979-2984. Gostin, L. O. (2000). Public health law in a new century: part III: public health regulation: a systematic evaluation. JAMA, 283(23), 3118-3122. Continue Reading...

Review Of Leadership Style and Emotional Intelligence

has been addressed in a wide range of terms and theories including the contingency theory, charismatic leadership, leadership traits, leadership style and emotional intelligence; commonly referred to as EI. Leadership thus constitutes adopting a specific style, behavior or stance which transforms a leader and helps them to become better and effective. So, it means that an effective leader is a construct that can be made. The importance thus of emotional intelligence of a leader in operating business today is all the more significant because it is not easy to break even under the existing austerity culture. The role of… Continue Reading...

Treatment Modalities for Act and Ipt

with my patients. I had also valued the input of Relational Frame theory, which takes many of its practices from symbolic interactionism and linguistics theories. I often recognize my own internal dialogue, and pay attention to the way language is used in my dream states as well as in my waking subconscious. Beyond the mere "self-talk" that therapists often talk about, relational frame elements of ACT provide a wealth of opportunities for exploration and growth. Patients can explore art, music, and writing as a means to get in touch with their thoughts and feelings, expressing and then processing what… Continue Reading...

Role Of Labour Market Imperfections in Generating Unemployment

economics of imperfect labour markets, Princeton:     Princeton University Press. Dwivedi, D. (2010): Macroeconomics: theory and policy, 3rd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.  Jha, P. and Golder, S. (2008): Labour market regulation and economic performance: a     critical review of arguments and some plausible lessons for India, Economic and     Labour Market Papers, International Labour Organisation. [online] Available at:     <http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/download/elm/elm08-1.pdf>     [Accessed 28 November 2016]. Manning, A. (2010): Imperfect competition in the labour market, CEP Discussion Paper No     981. [online] Available at: <http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/dp0981.pdf>     [Accessed 28 November 2016].          Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

Theories Rough Overview," n.d.). This is why I believe that there can be no one ethical theory that encompasses all situations. A person who has a strong ethical character, and who critically examines the variables at stake in any given situation, will make the best possible ethical decisions. It is impossible to please every stakeholder, every time, and thus, ethical outlooks need to be balanced carefully with pragmatism. Week 1 -- Discussion 2 Ethics are simply theory; it is how we act that matters. Bystander effect is one of the most important examples of where human beings can go… Continue Reading...

Business Leadership and Organizational Change

of change. Journal Organisational Change Management, 15(3), 214-243. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Kotter, J., & Schlesinger, L. (2008). Choosing strategies of change. Harvard Business Review, 86(7/8), 130-139. Lam, T. (2009). A total change management model for successful growth of housing associations. International Journal Housing Markets and Analysis, 2(3), 263-275. Nehar, Y. (2013). Managing change: a key to organisational development. Review of HRM, 2, 130-138. Odagiu, C. (2013). Organisational culture, change management and performance. Managerial Challenges of the Contemporary Society, 1-6. Pihlak, U., & Alas, R. (2012). Leadership style and employee involvement… Continue Reading...

Logical Fallacies and Criminal Justice

fixture that fell and left their mother injured. The hearing court refused to grant the recovery, and rejected the theory that claim a recovery should be awarded when there is a predictable injury on a relationship that is legally established. A list of horribles was recited by the court to establish the need limit the liability. Since an action taken in consideration of all such relatives of the victim of the accident would not have been allowed, there was a need for the court to come up with a policy decision as to the appropriate place to set the… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

with, and offer support to, strategic functional decisions and corporate aims. Hence, the basis of the theory of productive diversity is that conventional work and organizational techniques will likely prove inefficient and counterproductive to long-term corporate sustainability and success. Essentially, the present and emergent environment poses various issues to be resolved and averted, in addition to opportunities that are to be taken advantage of (Mor Barak, 2014). A benefits and costs related reasoning may be applied to support this theory. Effective diversity management is linked directly to cost reduction owing to decreased personnel turnover rates, decreased absenteeism, decreased group productivity… Continue Reading...

Marx, Weber, Bourdieu, and Gramsci

hands of a few, the more monopolistic the power play becomes. This theory is no surprise coming from Weber who is the father of modern day bureaucracy. Antonio Gramsci view cultural power as having a political basis, which is why he discusses at length the influence of Machiavelli, Savonarola, and others in his Prison Notebooks. He poses the framework in these questions: In what sense can one identify politics with history, and hence all of life with politics? How then could the whole system of super-structures be understood as distinctions within politics...?" (137). For Gramsci, the means of power… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Bias

(Harring & Ray, 1999). There is no doubt that a crime was indeed committed. The theory of Criminal Behavior Related to the Selected Case Crime, its practice and existence is perceived through the social construction of criminality and the factors that make it happen. According to the traditional theories in sociology, crime was caused by lack of norms. This was immersed in a feeling of lacking the desired social connectedness. The term anomie was commonly used to refer to this scenario. It was further popularized by Emile Durkhein (1897). He also used the term to describe suicide. Sociologists refined the… Continue Reading...

Sigmund Freud & the Human Condition

specifically, the childhood conflict with one's parents. Personality According to Sigmund Freud's theory on psychoanalytic of personality, human behavior results from the interaction of the three components of the mind: superego, ego and the id. The structural theory of personality emphasizes on conflict on the parts of the mind, personality and mind shape behavior. Such conflicts are thought to be unconscious, thus, Freud argued that the personality which develops during childhood is shaped through psychosexual stages that he called psychosexual theory of development. During the stages, the child faces conflict that results from social expectations and biological drives. These are internal… Continue Reading...

Mathematics Assessment

shifted its focus to the results of learning. The shift of focus in the theory of learning to constructivism from behaviourism has greatly influenced the learning and teaching of mathematics. Conventional tests are only centred on the mathematical procedures and skills of students. Thus, application of authentic tools for assessment to measure the learning of students is seriously required in mathematics. This paper entails a discussion about the appropriate tools; which is submitted to assess the performance of students in mathematical posing of problems and solving them. The 3 tools chosen are: problem posing and problem solving, authentic assessment… Continue Reading...

Marriott Internationals Management Style

(2016, August 5). The many side of Marriott's Arne Sorenson. Surface. Retrieved from: http://www.surfacemag.com/articles/power-100-hospitality-arne-sorenson Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Mandelbaum, A. (2015). Hotel technology innovations that will drive business in 2016. Retrieved from: http://www.hospitalitynet.org/news/4072364.html Marriott, J. (2013). Without reservations: how a family root beer stand grew into a global hotel company. U.S.: Diversion Books. Touryalai, H. (2013, July 15. Marriott's upgrade: new CEO Arne Sorenson freshens up the brand for millenials. Forbes. Retrieved from: http://www.forbes.com/sites/halahtouryalai/2013/06/26/marriotts-upgrade-new-ceo- arne-sorenson-enlivens-the-hotel-giant-aims-for-1-million-rooms/#4cf866dc5dd1 Continue Reading...

Team America Surveillance and Espionage

War. Film, 2016. Slogobin, Christopher. Privacy at Risk. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007. Swire, Peter P. "Financial Privacy and the theory of High-Tech Government Surveillance." Washington University Law Quarterly 461, 1999. Continue Reading...

Dbt and Family Based Therapy

Its main focus is on psychosocial characteristics. Based on the theory that emotions can trigger intense reactions in some persons (especially in family/friend or romantic situations), DBT proposes that the extreme swings in feeling can be better controlled by enabling the individual to more easily identify the kinds of thoughts and feelings that have an intense impact and prepare the person cognitively to approach these emotional surges in a new way. Anderson et al. (2015) show that DBT can be an effective strategy for helping young patients with bulimia nervosa, but that because of limitations inherent within the treatment,… Continue Reading...

Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Anxiety

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) and its theory, techniques, application, strengths, weaknesses or other related topics are: the article by Souza et al. (2016) that examines the effects of IPT on treatment-resistant depression in adults, and the article by Markowitz, Lipsitz and Milrod (2014) that examines the relevant literature available on the impact of IPT on anxiety disorders. Both articles provide assessments of the theory of IPT, which is that IPT provides a short-term treatment for individuals in need of psychological treatment. Its aim is to assist the individual in regaining… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

is hard to ascertain the precise timing of these risks' occurrence. Stakeholder theory puts the CR aspect into operation. The theory describes a company stakeholder and combines stakeholder interests and corporate profit maximization objectives. Clients, stockholders, supplying entities, workforce, special interest organizations, non-government organizations, communities and regulators typically make up a company's stakeholders. The contemporary CR concept has basically developed into the following 3 key stakeholder relation classes: environmental (E), social (S), and governance (G). For instance, workforce satisfaction enhances their motivation and retention rates, in addition to increasing development of novel patents, products, or deals. Via such long-run performance… Continue Reading...

Ted Talk About Body Language

scenario were significantly more willing to take a gamble versus those in the low power pose. The theory was that high power people in the real world tend to be more willing to take risks, and this was borne out in the research. The people who assumed the high power pose were indeed more likely to gamble. The implications of the research were tremendous. The researcher wanted to show that there are real world applications for the research in helping people who typically feel powerless, especially women, to change the way they carry themselves. By making a simple change… Continue Reading...

Reflection on Positive Psychology Trends

Positive psychology is also far from being monolithic; it is a diverse area of theory and practice that is flexible and can incorporate a number of different issues and concerns. A body of evidence-based practice is being cultivated in the field of positive psychology. Positive psychology has applications in fields as diverse as sociology and business, where individuals can use the core tools and tenets of positive psychology to improve performance and outcomes. Positive psychology also has the potential for applications in the classroom, such as to enhance classroom management or inspire students for creative pursuits. Positive psychology embraces… Continue Reading...

Developmental Psychology

of adolescents, with a preference to Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic theory. Physical Features A number of puberty-related physical changes are apparent in adolescents by the time they reach fifteen years of age. Girls normally go through growth spurts immediately prior to their puberty, which explains why they are often temporarily taller than boys of their own age. Although a majority of girls stop growing in height after fifteen years, boys' weight as well as height increases all through adolescence. Further, the menstrual period of a majority of girls commences at this age, in addition to breast development and pubic hair… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

be possible to reduce the number of offences by applying theories like Hirschi's general theory of crime (Armstrong, 2005). Unfortunately, the biases and assumptions of correctional service providers influence their assessment of and interaction with offenders. Boothby & Clements (2000) found that many of the correctional psychologists participating in their research did not adequately administer psychological assessments. Due to the intense pressure of their work and the administrative duties the work entailed, psychologists were making intuitive judgments about personality disorders based on intake interviews. The psychologists would, for example, evaluate the prisoner's MMPI score without even administering the MMPI.… Continue Reading...

Role Of Ceo in Effecting Positivity Among Employees

P. T., & Marcus, E. C. (2011). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: theory and Practice. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Rahim, M. A. (2011). Managing Conflict in Organizations. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. Satinder, D. & Joan M, (2011). The Role and Need of Offering Workshops and Courses on Workplace Spirituality. Journal of Management Development, Vol. 30(9): 816-835 Continue Reading...

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

(ACT) is a form of psychotherapy that is similar to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The theory that ACT is based on is the Relational Frame theory, which launched out of cognitive therapy, supplying missing "steps" in Skinner's behaviorism by exploring more deeply the connections between language and thought. Essentially, ACT explores the idea that what and how a person thinks is highly impactful in that individual's daily life and functioning -- and especially in how that person copes with stress, etc. But whereas CBT focuses on altering the content of one's thoughts in order to move the individual towards the… Continue Reading...

Motivational Theories Of Animal Shelters

on factors like boredom, curiosity, or an altruistic desire to promote the well being of others. Self-determination theory takes individual differences into account, and differentiates between autonomous motivation and controlled motivation (Oostlander, Guntert, van Schie, & Wehner, 2013). Autonomous motivation comes from personal choice and is therefore a form of intrinsic motivation. Factors like "interest" and "fun" factor in to autonomous motivation (Oostlander, Guntert, van Schie & Wehner, 2013, p. 3). Research shows that intrinsic, autonomous motivation for volunteerism leads to greater volunteer work satisfaction and greater work effort, too (Oostlander, Guntert, van Schie & Wehner, 2013). Autonomously motivated persons… Continue Reading...

Issues in Developmental Psychology

and change throughout the life span (Lerner et al., 2013, p.466). Erikson's Psychosocial theory is an example of a theory under this perspective, which state that there are eight stages of psychosocial development that are biologically developed to manifest in a pre-determined, sequential way. Through this theory, Erikson effectively demonstrates that lifelong development involves integration of internal forces and external situations that influence development of ego. Borzumato-Gainey et al. (2009) conducted a study on life satisfaction, self-esteem and subjective age throughout the life span of women (p.29). The study was conducted on a group of 320 women between 21… Continue Reading...

Miscarriage Of Justice, Race, and Poor Testimony

Cited Crenshaw, Kimberle. Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist theory, and Antiracist Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum article. Article 8, Volume 1989, Issue 1. University Press. Fricker, Miranda. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Internet resource. Fricker, Miranda. Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Kukla, Rebecca, and Mark N. Lance. 'Yo!' and 'Lo!' The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2009. Print. Witt, Charlotte. Feminist Metaphysics: Explorations in the… Continue Reading...

Investigative Psychology

all the modalities of problems with human personality including IP. Multimodal therapy is included in the theory of social-cognition. It takes up technical eclecticism, which uses techniques from several other therapeutic methods. Such methods are training in anxiety management, bibliotherapy, behavior rehearsal, communication training, biofeedback, modeling, positive reinforcement, positive imagery, modeling contingency contracting, sensate-focus training and self-instruction training (Aihie, 2009). What is meant by a multimodal approach to treatment? This therapy applies many treatment methods. It is also known as multimodal and combination therapy. Multimodal therapy often uses such methods as educational interventions, programs for behavior modification, psychological treatment,… Continue Reading...

Strategic Importance Of Outsourcing in U.s. Manufacturing Company

derive from outsourcing, the decision to outsource can be risky. Rob uses the theory of transaction economics to explain the shortcomings of firms' decision to outsource. According to the transaction costs economics, a firm and third party provider are required to draw a contract agreement to finalize the outsourcing business. During the course of negotiation, one party may possess more information about the contract than other party leading to information asymmetry. The concept of information asymmetry in economics refers a situation where one party in the contract negotiation has more information than the other party. If the third party… Continue Reading...

European Union and Crime

cross-section sample of up to 150 countries and its methodology on economic theory; and found that the scale effect of legalized prostitution leads to an expansion of the prostitution market, increasing human trafficking, while the substitution effect reduces demand for trafficked women as legal prostitutes are favored over trafficked ones (Cho, Dreher, & Neumayer, 2012) The study further claims that the scale effect dominates the substitution effect and on average, countries where prostitution is legal experience larger reported human trafficking inflows than countries that criminalize the industry. The findings of studies such as this are based upon many different… Continue Reading...

Observing and Reporting Surroundings at a Va Medical Center

more meaningful ways that I could contribute to this population if it was a professional career field. Relevance of theory and readings in any of the texts Experiential learning opportunities such as volunteering can provide people of all ages and backgrounds with new insights concerning the lives of others and an appreciation for their challenges, values and cultures (Levine & Garland, 2015). Concluding comments Volunteering at a Department of Veterans Affairs medical center can be an eye-opening experience that can help the general public better understand the uphill battle these patients have in regaining a semblance of normality in their… Continue Reading...

Frankfurt School and Political Science on Totalitarianism

leader who represents one's values will be chosen over a leader who does not, according to Huntington's theory). Huntington's considerate examination of history through the lens of cultural theory exposes the issue most prominently -- namely, that "the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic" but cultural (Huntington 22). In conclusion, the psychological orientation of society towards leaders depends upon the perspective of the philosopher or political scientist: the Frankfurt School views it as a competition between working class individuals and elites; Arendt views it as a question of anti-Semitism;… Continue Reading...

Ergonomics and Human Factors

work design. Parker, (2014) argues that motivational job design theory provides evidence of job satisfaction and influence job performances. Moreover, the theory of motivation influences a relationship between employee's expectancy and performances that influences different rewards for the individual employee. The overall concept of motivational work design is to allow individual worker be responsible for the job allowing them freedom of control and authority. The motivation model consists of the JCM (job characteristics model), and group work model. However, the study suggests using the JCM as opposed to the group work model currently being practice. The JCM motivation model… Continue Reading...

Accounting Ethics Questions

Son, M. (2012). Do financial restatements lead to auditor changes? Auditing: A Journal of Practice & theory, 32(2), 119-145. Sun, W., & Sun, J. (2002). Analysis on Factors Influencing Managers' Earnings Management Intentions (pp. 477-482). working paper. SEC. (2015). SEC Charges BNY Mellon With FCPA Violations. Retrieved from: https://www.sec.gov/news/pressrelease/2015-170.html Continue Reading...

Gender Identity in Life Span Development

Journal. Hawkes, G. and Scott, J. G. 2005: Sexuality and Social theory, in: Hawkes, G. & Scott, J. G. (eds.) Perspectives in Human Sexuality. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press. Irvin, J., & Mckay, K. (2013). Top 10 Things Social Workers Need To Know About Human Sexuality. Retrieved from The New Social Worker: http://www.socialworker.com/feature-articles/practice/10-things-social-workers-need-to-know-about-human-sexuality/ Ghosh, S. (2015). Gender Identity. Retrieved from: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/917990-overview#a1 Continue Reading...

Poverty in Young and Middle Adulthood

& Haghighi, 2012). An answer to the following questions about the theory of poverty you selected: What aspects of this theory would be most suitable for your practice? Why? I chose the structural poverty theory as the model most relevant to my social work. I agree with the theory's premise that bigger social and economic frameworks can explain poverty. Views on structural facets maintain that capitalism gives rise to conditions that foster destitution (Sameti, Esfahani & Haghighi, 2012).). Furthermore, in my social work, I must appreciate the argument of structural theory proponents that one can largely trace back poverty to… Continue Reading...

Aristotle and the Canadian Political System

philosopher who is considered as one of the most influential ancient intellectuals in philosophy and political theory. Aristotle's work in political theory was fueled by his travels and encounters of different political systems. This contributed to his focus on comparative politics, through which he advocated and critiqued the different political systems at that time. According to Aristotle, the defining feature of oligarchy is that sovereign power is in the hands of few individuals. In this kind of political system, the Constitution vests sovereign authority in the hands of a few who essentially have control over the country. In most… Continue Reading...

Death and Faith from Existentialist Point Of View

with the theoretical concepts of Kant (Wildermuth, 2007). Philosophical Faith As per Jasper, the theory of philosophy never fits directly to the subjects dealt in universities and in particular, to "humanities," and there exist quantitative differences. It has become more common and the German universities faced the problem with the more orthodox philosophy, "Neo-Kantianism." Jasper's work Diegeistige Situation der Zeit, that meant a lot to him, had a major impact on the lives of many people when published (The Spiritual Condition of the Age). The question to which Jasper gave much importance was, "What is philosophy?" The first point is dealing… Continue Reading...

Article Analysis on Ergonomics

Motivation theory and Ergonomics The study by Szalma (2014) entitled "On the Application of Motivation theory to Human Factors/Ergonomics: Motivational Design Principles for Human-Technology Interaction" proposes a set of principles and guidelines for motivational design that can be applied to the field of ergonomics. In terms of health and occupational safety, the article focuses on how motivation theory can be useful for reducing risks associated with fatigue, stress and boredom in the workplace environment by assessing the motivation aspects within the technology-human interaction. This paper… Continue Reading...

Frederick Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Of Motivation

and management literature provides several theories that can be used to enhance employee motivation. One such theory is the two-factor theory developed by Frederick Herzberg. This paper describes the theory and its application in the improvement of worker safety, health, and/or wellbeing. Also known as the hygiene theory, Herzberg's model asserts that at the workplace, there are factors that lead to job satisfaction and others that cause dissatisfaction (Miner, 2005). This assertion is based on the premise that job dissatisfaction is not the opposite of job satisfaction. Factors that result in job satisfaction are generally factors related to the… Continue Reading...

Reporting Of Criminal Justice Issues and News

and Rational Expectations." In Arrow and the Ascent of Modern Economic theory, ed. G. Feiwel. London, Macmillan DeMarzo, Peter, Dimitri Vayanos, and Jeffrey Zwiebel. 2003. "Persuasion Bias, Social Influence, and Uni-Dimensional Opinions." Quarterly Journal of Economics. Vol. 115, No. 3: 910 -- 968 DellaVigna, S., & Kaplan, E. (n.d.). The Political Impact of Media Bias. Econweb, 79. Steele, B. (2002, August). Guiding Principles for the Journalist. Retrieved from Poynter: http://www.poynter.org/2002/guiding-principles-for-the-journalist-2/2132/ Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Nigeria and Boko Haram

Niger (p. 150). Approach for the Study This study is grounded in conflict theory, which shows why Boko Haram has been as successful as they have. Boko Haram has appealed to the poor and unemployed in Northern Nigeria. The organization has also established itself as an official opposition to the Nigerian government, which is perceived of as corrupt as well as irresponsive to the needs of Northern Nigerians. The rise of global Islamic terrorism provided Boko Haram with tools and resources it used to infiltrate and permeate the religious and social organizations in disenfranchised communities. Boko Haram has offered disenfranchised communities… Continue Reading...

Choice Theory and Human Behavior

Mottern (2008) writes that Dr. William Glasser's internal control approach labeled as 'Choice theory' postulates that the following five fundamental needs drive all of human behavior -- a physiological need to survive and 4 psychological needs (belongingness or love or acceptance; authority or acknowledgement or accomplishment; independence, or individuality or choice; and learning or excitement or enjoyment. To sum up, choice theory basically suggests that one's behavior is one's own choice. People develop all through the course of their lifespan. In this context, the term 'development' may be defined as: one's capacity of making progressively better choices with regard… Continue Reading...

Apartment Complex Parking Issues

which coincided with the former. Some of the more salient features associated with the trait theory of leadership include gender, personality, and intelligence (Derue et al., 2011, p. 7). As previously mentioned, I have always been charismatic which is one of the more distinguishable facets of my personality. Viewed from this perspective, the way I was able to compel others to listen to me and actually follow my leadership pertains to transformational leadership as well as trait leadership theory. Furthermore, I am convinced my intelligence was a factor in getting others to seriously consider my proposal and to allow… Continue Reading...

Leadership Styles in My Community

I am fully enlightened and have answers to any questions that might come up. References Dinh, J. et al. (2014). Leadership theory and Research in the New Millennium: Current Theoretical Trends and Changing Perspectives. The Leadership Quarterly, 25(1), 36-62. Hunter, E. M., Neubert, M. J., Perry, S. J., Witt, L. A., Penney, L. M., & Weinberger, E. (2013). Servant leaders inspire servant leaders: Antecedents and outcomes for employees and the organization. The Leadership Quarterly, 24(2), 316 -- 331. Northouse, P. G. (2016). Leadership: theory and practice (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks: CA: Sage Publications. Parris, D., Peachey, J. (2013). A Systematic Literature… Continue Reading...

Post Feminism and Hip Hop

video provides a unique look, into analysis of text and visuals to gather and form ideas and theory. The first concept to analyze is 'raunch aesthetics'. A term see in feminist theory, 'raunch aesthetics' describes the women in hip hop and the various ways they express sexuality via staging, choreography, and performance of lyrics. Women in hip hop that participate in 'raunch aesthetics' are thought to attempt to own their sexual identities as well as their bodies by performing these physical/verbal expressions. The women Hernandez discusses in her essay go by the name Yo! Majesty. They are based in… Continue Reading...

The Morality Of Punishment for Actions

from committing the same offense again. The Theories That View Punishment as an Inappropriate Response Moral theory shows what makes a certain action wrong and why there is a need to behave in a certain way. According to this theory, the best way or appropriate way to deal with moral issues is not through punishment. It explains that punishment causes an offender to become antisocial or even aggressive, blurting out his anger to the whole world, and thus does more harm than good. It also blocks the way towards learning how to resolve conflicts peacefully. Finally, an offender may assert his… Continue Reading...

Communicating Effectively for New Couples

your partner know of all your intimate secrets. Effective communication skills encompass knowing proper self-disclosure levels. The social penetration theory put forward in the year 1973 likened disclosure to peeling layers of an onion (Bevan & Sole, 2014). With the strengthening of your relationship, you will automatically start opening up and letting your partner know more about yourself. Bear in mind that open communication forms the answer to a successful marriage. This entails sharing all things with one another and leaving no secret untold. After understanding and knowing yourself, you can effectively demonstrate emotional intelligence. The ability to pay… Continue Reading...

Oath Horatii

she lands. Her name is Sabina. Sabina is a sister to the Curatti (Locating the Viewer in Formalist Aesthetic theory and French Neoclassical Art, 2007). The work by David was representative and significantly influential in the revival of the neo-Pousinist which carried a lot of the compositional and subject choices by the famous Academy. The French art enthusiasts had been conditioned to inspect and consider ancient art subjects as living examples of heroism and sacrifice that was inspired and essential qualities of maintaining the state. David delivered in that regard. The Oath of Horatii was heroic, didactic and often… Continue Reading...

Businesses Run by Women

women entrepreneurship and women entrepreneurship in general. To do so, researchers must examine through the feminist theory perspective. Many studies in the past borrowed theoretical concepts from areas that were not valid for the women entrepreneurship domain. There is a need to be inclusive of diverse voices and consider constructionist approaches to explore traditional as well as non-traditional questions. Particularly, there is a need to use the lens of feminist theories to capture heterogeneity in women entrepreneurship research and extend existing entrepreneurial theories" (Yadav and Unni, 2016, p. 10). They must also expand the score of research in not… Continue Reading...

Pacific Island and Aboriginal Art 1980

Dreamtime in art has evolved over thousands of years. Dreamtime is rooted in the theory that "the Earth's surface once was nothing but a vast, nondescript expanse of mud or clay," (Kiger, n.d.). From an artist's perspective, a "vast, nondescript expanse of mud or clay" is the starting point of all creation. The creation of the universe is art, and art therefore mirrors the creation of the universe. Moreover, the creators are not earth-bound. Rather, the "ancestral spirit beings rose from beneath the surface or descended from the sky, and assumed the forms of animals, plants, and humans," (Kiger, n.d.).… Continue Reading...

Marketing an Emba Program in Vietnam

to gain a sense of reflection about best practices in business, synthesizing their experience with theory (Roglio & Light, 2009). Because of their experience, Executive MBA students have lower barriers to success, and conventional measures such as GMAT scores are not correlated with that success (Gropper, 2007), which means the EMBA program can be offered with lower barriers to entry, though other studies contradict this (Siegert, 2010). An EMBA program typically allows students to learn with a combination of classroom and distance learning, which allows for greater flexibility in terms of time dedicated (Desanctis & Sheppard, 2010). This product… Continue Reading...

Economic Inequality and Austerity Motivator for Revolution

Hendrix, 2011). The high rate of unemployment is also one of the major factors that influences a revolution. The economic theory implies that a reduction in the production capacity leads to a decline in the employment rate. In 2010, the unemployment rates in Tunisia, Egypt and Tunisia were higher than the preceding years. In the Arab world, a juvenile dissatisfaction leads to youth unrest. Before the global economic crisis in 2008 and 2009, one out of four youths was already without a job in Egypt and Morocco. Obviously, participation in the female labor force in the Arab world is very… Continue Reading...

Treating Depression with Act

Acceptance and Commitment theory It largely appears as though Jacob is experiencing signs of depression. There are a number of telltale signs which point to this assessment. One of these signs is he has recently experienced a life-altering event with the loss of his business. Such a loss is especially devastating for this individual because it was his sole source of income, which lends a degree of pragmatism to the sort of anxiety which can rapidly lead to depression (Cadigan and Skinner, 2015, p.293). This… Continue Reading...

Psychological Case Study Using Ipt

goal of syndromal diagnosis," (p. 976). The process of diagnosis also occurs in the absence of theory. Theories like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) offer "a unified model of behavior change applicable to human beings in general, not just those fitting certain diagnostic criteria," (Hayes, Pistorello & Levin, 2012, p. 978). ACT also avoids overreliance on diagnoses (Hayes & Lillis, 2012; Twohig, M.P., 2012). In Dawn's case, Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) might be indicated due to the proven efficaciousness of the modality: deMello, Mari, Bacaltchuk & Neugebauer (2005) performed a meta-analysis and found that IPT leads to results comparable to… Continue Reading...

Kings County Library Changes Needed

that are available from the library is a good idea in theory but it has been underwhelming in its execution. There is certainly demand for the video library system in place but the selection is rather bad, per the customers, and the popular videos are always checked out. Rather than wait-listing people or otherwise allowing the status quo to take hold, things need to change. Additionally, the mediums and methods that are used can be expanded and in a way that benefits the bottom line of the library system itself (TAI, 2016). • Accountability -- This one is related… Continue Reading...

Organizational Change and Leadership Effectiveness

the relationships between employees and those that manage them. "Sociotechnical systems theory, process improvement, adaptive structuration theory, the job characteristics model, technostructural change models, and activity theory" are all potential components of work design (Torraco, 2005, p. 85). Role clarity might be one of the most important features of a successful organizational change. Working with human resources to update job descriptions and work with employees to offer their input into the new job descriptions can be exceedingly helpful. Similarly, change leaders need to be clear about the big picture: what the vision of the change will be for the… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

scholarship on identity construction is built on Western values and concepts integral to Western personality theory and worldview. When considering the unique elements of Muslim identity construction, or any other non-Western identity construction, it may be necessary to reconsider issues such as how happiness and other psychological variables are defined (Joshanloo, 2013). Identity and culture are both structural elements in sociology and psychology. As structures they are "mutually sustaining cultural schemas and sets of resources that empower and constrain social action and tend to be reproduced by that action," (Sewell, 1992, p. 29). Biculturalism theory and Identity Formation Bicultural… Continue Reading...

Nigeria Boko Haram and African Terrorism

in the north to radicalize young recruits. The author shows how deprivation theory can be applied to Boko Haram to provide alternative counterterrorism solutions. Anyadike, N.O. (2013). Boko Haram and National Security Challenges in Nigeria; Causes and Solutions. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 4(5): Retrieved: http://rguild.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Boko-Haram-and-National-Security-Challenges-in-Nigeria-Causes.pdf This article is helpful for positioning Boko Haram in terms of globalized Islamic terrorism. The author shows how Boko Haram's 2009 uprising "set a precedent," and showed how a specifically Nigerian brand of Islamic fundamentalism was competing with secular Nigerian institutions. Economic disenfranchisement, "party politics and politics of anxiety," and desperate politicians… Continue Reading...

How Supreme Court Justices Are Appointed

craft good marketing campaigns to win popularity contests, not ones that are actually good judges. For example, elections could in theory prevent conservative judges from passing legislation that restricts civil liberties, and yet, the recent election shows that a significant proportion of Americans are stupid and cannot be trusted. Americans have no idea what qualities to look for in a judge, and would vote for judges based on their television commercials, what their church tells them, or what their conservative radio talk show host tells them instead of based on how accomplished the person's career had been until that date.… Continue Reading...

Darwinism and Evolution in Woodlanders

Woodlanders shows how the author's "evolutionary pessimism" is paralleled by an ironic optimism. Social Darwinism has misappropriated Darwinian theory of evolution by using the theory to justify the subjugation of non-whites and women. On the contrary, a deconstruction of social Darwinism can be located in the theories of Karl Marx, who wrote concurrently to Darwin. Hardy's novel The Woodlanders locates itself as a Marxist revision of social Darwinism. The Woodlanders, like Marx, actually show that evolution will favor the subjugated in due time. However, in deft literary fashion, Hardy practically tricks his readers into thinking that he is assuming a… Continue Reading...

Macroeconomics and Gas Stations

remain static. There is also risk of further recession, but business cycle theory argues that this would only occur following another expansion-peak stage. Fiscal policy is uncertain right now with a new president coming into office. There are apparently mixed signals with respect to fiscal policy and what governmental priorities are going to be, making this a tough time to predict which direction the economy is going to go in. So it might be best to think of business cycle in local terms -- what will happen with the local economy? Will unemployment rise or fall? If it looks… Continue Reading...

Democracy or Not for Economic Development

that without democracy, the interests of the country in the long-run could be taken into account. In theory, such a leader could envision a nation with equitable distribution of wealth, and where expenditures were closely focused on the areas that will ultimately promote economic development. Where autocratic leadership has succeeded in economic development, it is because it has learned to build consensus among the people, and execute long-run visions for infrastructure projects and education. The form of government itself is not the cause of any success. But it allows for decisions to be made quickly, and a vision to… Continue Reading...

Sociology Article and How It Relates to a Theory

of his claim that he is ill and will not. Explanation of theory Although a number of theoretical viewpoints can be used to frame this case, including structural-functionalism and symbolic interactionism, gender and medical paternalism are at the forefront of the issues. Therefore, a feminist perspective allows for a fruitful investigation of the event. The feminist perspective shows how the structural inequities built into a paternalistic medical system work against a female petitioner like Kohli. A feminist perspective provides the underlying framework for understanding the phenomena of sexual harassment of abuse, of abuse of power in the doctor-patient relationship, and… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

more to short term memory than to long term retention of facts (Chadwick, et al, 2015). Cognitive load theory has suggested specific numbers of units of information that working memory can handle. Furthermore, cognitive load theory proves especially relevant when the goal is to improve learning and not simply rote memorization. To this effect, researchers recognize three different types of cognitive loads including intrinsic, extraneous, and germane (Leppink, et al, 2014, p. 32). Intrinsic cognitive load has to do with differential levels of difficulty. For example, for an English speaker, it will be easier to learn Spanish than to… Continue Reading...

Lateral Violence

nursing. Medsurg nursing, 21(4), 210. Christie, W.& Jones, S. (2014). Lateral violence in nursing and the theory of the nurse as wounded healer. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(4). Embree, J. L., & White, A. H. (2010). Concept analysis: Nurse-to-nurse lateral violence. In Nursing forum (Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 166-173). Blackwell Publishing Inc. Hill, A. (2014). Lateral Violence Experienced by Nurses in the Workplace. Roberts, S. J. (2015). Lateral violence in nursing: a review of the past three decades. Nursing science quarterly, 28(1), 36-41. Continue Reading...

Child Studies

concepts made in the ad. The two development theories that will be discussed in this particular section are the theory of Cognitive Development and Multiple Intelligences theory. Piaget's theory of Cognitive Development One theory is the Cognitive Development theory. This theory was developed by Jean Piaget, and it lays emphasis on predictable cognitive stages. In particular, Piaget asserted that cognition was dissimilar in the course of every stage of development. This theory includes four stages, which include the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete, and formal operations stages. To begin with, the sensorimotor stage occurs between birth and two years of age… Continue Reading...

Cognitive and Behavioral Development Of an Adolescent

in understanding Riley's case and behavior. According to the Piaget's theory of development, children go through various stages in life. Theories of development reveal that when a student is in high school or the 10th grade, he or she undergoes through a period of personal development through the creation of identities. At this stage, individuals are preparing for adulthood and gaining more independence just as adolescents become experimenters in their lives. Piaget proposed a theory of development where moral reasoning for children develops from what he calls a naive understanding of morality. This naive understanding is usually based on… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Change at Fedex

for the organisation to fully adopt the people analytics approach. Reasons for Change Change management theory stipulates several reasons for organisational change. Nonetheless, three major reasons relate to efficiency, effectiveness, and performance (Russell & Russell, 2006). Efficiency is all about accomplishing a task or a desired outcome using the least amount of time, effort, energy, and resources. Wastage in HR processes is not an uncommon phenomenon. Often, organisations waste time, effort, and resources in performance appraisals, employee development, and other HR processes without a significant impact on overall goals and objectives. With more data-driven HR practice, FedEx would eliminate HR processes… Continue Reading...

Research and Theory in Criminal Justice

in describing, evaluating, and quantifying various physical and social issues, theory is an important part of this process. A theory is applicable and informs a research study through providing a basis for developing reasonable explanations of reality. Through the use of theory, criminal justice researchers can effectively categorize and organize events, explain their root causes and forecast future incidents or events. This implies that information derived from theories is primarily used to understand why and how complex social phenomena in the criminal justice field occur. A generalized theory remains relevant to new or innovative studies based on how it… Continue Reading...

Women and Minorities in Leadership and Stem Annotated

the study itself was centered on what is known as the social cognitive theory, as proposed and discussed by Lent, Brown and Hackett in 1994. There was a significant relationship found between outcome expectations, interests and goals. Self-efficacy and efficacy-mediated relationships were also in play. One area that is touched upon with fervor in this study is what is known as STEM, which is short for science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Indeed, the under-represented groups mentioned for this study are even more under-represented in the STEM group as it is dominated by white males in many to most instances.… Continue Reading...

College Student Development

an integral role in the social development of students. As per the college student development theory (CSDT), college significantly contributes to students' academic, cognitive, social, psychological, as well as spiritual and moral development (Patton et al., 2016). Indeed, CSDT provides student affairs practitioners with a solid foundation for practice. More specifically, given the widespread prevalence of development-related issues in colleges, such as attrition, violence, suicide, and drug abuse, CSDT to a large extent guides and informs the work of community college counsellors. In this essay, I illustrate my personal knowledge, skills, and dispositions regarding my role as an outreach… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

Diffusion of innovation theory refers to the spread of ideas, materials, or strategies and can be applied both to counterterrorism policies or terrorist tactics themselves. By paying attention to the patterns of diffusion, governments can make more informed counterterrorism decisions or policies. At the same time, diffusion of innovation can show how terrorist tactics spread from one group to another or how extremism spreads throughout a region. Applied to Boko Haram, the diffusion of innovation theory can show how terrorist tactics used by one extremist group spread or how extremist ideology spreads from… Continue Reading...

Starbucks Financial Assessment

H. (1958). The Cost of Capital, Corporation Finance and the theory of Investment. American Economic Review, 48(3), 261 -- 297. Myers, S. C., & Majluf, N. S. (1984). Corporate financing and investment decisions when firms have information that investors do not have. Journal of Financial Economics, 13(2), 187 -- 221. Nellis, J. G., & Parker, D. (2006). Principles of the Business Economics. Harlow: Prentice Hall. Nijmeijer, K. J., Fabbricotti, I. N., & Huijsman, R. (2014). Making Franchising Work: A Framework Based on a Systematic Review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 16(1), 62 -- 83. Phan, M., Thomas, R., &… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Corrections

and outside correctional institutions. References Banks, C. (2013). Criminal justice ethics: theory and practice. 3rd ed. London: SAGE. Birsch, D. (2014). Introduction to ethical theories: a procedural approach. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. Braswell, M., McCarthy, B., & McCarthy, B. (2008). Justice, crime, and ethics. 6th ed. New York: Routledge. Carlson, P., & Garrett, J. (2008). Prison and jail administration. 2nd ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Joyce, P. (2013). Criminal justice: an introduction. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge. Kleinig, J. (2008). Ethics and criminal justice: an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pollock, J. (2014). Ethical dilemmas and decisions in… Continue Reading...

Applying Activity Theory to Ones Life

Psychological Aspects of Aging Activity theory is a psychological theory that could be used to explain successful aging. It holds that the more active a person is as he or she ages, the more likely that individual is to be happier and age without difficulty (Martin, Kelly, Kahana et al., 2015). This theory would apply to Helen's case because part of what would allow her to age successfully is to be active and continuously engaged with something -- whether it is a hobby, friendships, or problem-solving. The key is to… Continue Reading...

Nursing Needs These Times

and providing a consistent means for doing so. A basic cognizance of systems theory and systems thinking underscores the aforementioned point. Nurses must integrate a number of different systems to effect proper care concerning environmental factors (Neuman, 1996), individual, patient-centered ones, as well as sanitary and psychological concerns. The complexity of such integration becomes amplified when one considers the different nursing fields which these practitioners must consider these systems for as well. Thus, it is necessary to have a structured approach to incorporating evidence-based practice which is applicable to all of these systems and to the way they relate to… Continue Reading...

Negative Interest Rates Analysis

risks. Abozaid, & Garin, (2016) point out that economic theory had disregarded the option of negative interest rates to be insignificant to the economic growth. Moreover, a reduction in interest rates will make depositors be worse off while borrowers benefit from the policy of negative interest rates. The policy is also not beneficial to elderly people because these age groups have accumulated savings, thus, negative interest rates will make them be worse off in the long run because of a decline in their income. Moreover, negative interest rates will reduce the propensity to save since people have realized that… Continue Reading...

Uk Trade Policy and Its Departure from the Eu

well as possibilities and obstacles that await the UK post-EU (Hatzigeorgiou, Lodefalk, 2016). From a trade theory and policy perspective, this paper will assess the UK's current trading arrangements along with the potential advantages and difficulties it will likely face as a result of being outside the EU. From a mercantilist trade theory perspective, Britain's current trading arrangements are based on what is good for the EU member states (Britain formerly being one of them). It is less protectionist from a nationalist point of view and the idea that a country might import less than it exports and thereby… Continue Reading...

African Terrorism and Boko Haram

alienation and particularly the Frustration-Aggression theoretical framework as suggested by Omadjohwoefe (2013). Frustration-Aggression theory is related to conflict theory, in that systematic alienation and oppression lead to widespread frustration and despair, and the outlet for that despair is violence. Violence has been normalized within the context of quasi-religious ideology, which simultaneously promises to rectify corruption in the government and replace the existing regime with one that claims to empower the disenfranchised elements of Nigerian society. Moreover, the dependent variable in the research will be related to the Nigerian economy. As a terrorist organization using destruction of public infrastructure as… Continue Reading...

Solow Growth Model and Unemployment

that business cycles play in the macroeconomic environment. The real business theory school of thought holds that economic agents are rational and optimising. Another key assumption is that wages and prices are flexible, something for which there is little evidence in the real world for most goods, and certainly for labour. Business cycles, therefore, arise as the result of shocks to the economy. Because agents are always optimising each transaction, a business cycle change is the result of agents changing their views about future economic outcomes, and the implications thereof on current transactions. Changes often occur from outside the… Continue Reading...

Nursing Challenge

safety, as well as healthy nurse-patient and nurse-nurse relationships. As described by systems theory, a system comprises several interrelated elements that work together to achieve a specified objective (Bielecki & Stocki, 2010). Nursing staff comprises one of the crucial elements in a hospital system. They provide primary care and support other members of the interdisciplinary team in delivering care to patients. Accordingly, deficiencies in nursing staff can be detrimental to the hospital as a whole. It can affect not only nurses, but also doctors, patients, and the reputation of the organisation. SWOT Analysis A major strength of the organisation… Continue Reading...

Constructivism Theory in International Politics

Constructivist theory is one of the theories of the international relations emerged in the 1990s posing a challenge to the dominant liberal and realist theoretical paradigms. By taking different theoretical approaches to viewing the international systems, constructivist theory emphasizes on the material objects "rather than the mere existence of the objects themselves". (Cristol, 2011 p 1), for example, nuclear weapons in North Korea, and the United Kingdom may be identical materially, however, they possess different meaning to the US policy makers. Moreover, constructivists place a greater emphasizes on… Continue Reading...

Importance Of Gender in International Relations

utilized to explore and develop ways through which international relations theory and discourse is restructured in a gender-neutral manner.  Gender relations play an important role in international politics issues like global economy and war.  In the recent past, there have been numerous efforts to develop various IR bodies that focus on theoretical and substantive research relating to women (Youngs, 2004). Establishment of Social Policies and Inclusive Peace Strategies Secondly, incorporating gender in international relations is viewed as a crucial element towards establishing fair social policies and inclusive peace strategies (Ivanov, 2012).  Men have traditionally acted as the major perpetrators… Continue Reading...

Globalisation and Business Cultures and Practices

of business cultures and practices. Cultural Differences Different cultural theories, notably Geert Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions theory, suggest that significant cultural differences exist between countries (Hofstede, 2001). Values, beliefs, norms, traditions, and worldviews vary from one country to another. For example, while some countries value individualism, others emphasise collectivism and group harmony. Some view power and status as a source of recognition, while others consider individual accomplishments as the source of recognition. Generally, culture affects the behaviours, attitudes, and perceptions of a particular group of people (Luthans and Doh, 2012). It affects everything from language and communication to business. Indeed, the influence… Continue Reading...

Niger Delta Militants

terms of working towards peace in the Niger Delta. Tobor (2016) utilizes critical theory and the political economy approach specifically (p. 24), which is an appropriate lens for viewing the problem, as the political-economic factors are main drivers that impact stakeholders' perspective on the situation. Tobor (2016) appropriately uses and applies relevant literature throughout, with the majority of sources coming from recent publications (within the past 5 years). Quantity of sources was not emphasized over quality as all the sources used relate in some way to the issue at hand. The literature review itself adheres to the parameters set… Continue Reading...

Organizational Leadership

Kant, the German philosopher, in the year 1784. This theory dealt with world citizenship, in which no individual would be identified as a specific country's citizen, but as a global citizen. Thus, cosmopolitans are simply people who don't identify only with their local environment, but with the international environment (Nicolopoulou et al., 2016). A geocentric attitude necessitates the ability to adjust to novel atmospheres and to be competent with multiple cultures. With swift economic transformations and organizations' attempts at market expansion, tax breaks, and labor cost reductions, a trend is being witnessed, of relocating businesses out of the country… Continue Reading...

Global Warming in 21st Century

to safeguard the future of our generations. This gap between theory and practice largely stems from differences in contributions to global warming between developed and developing countries. It is evident that developed countries are the greatest contributors of global warming. Statistics indicate that the U.S., Canada, Europe, Japan, Russia, Mexico, India, China, Brazil, and Indonesia account for more than 70% of all global emissions; with the U.S., Canada, Japan, Europe, and Russia leading in terms of per capita emissions (BBC News Magazine, 2016). Nonetheless, developed countries are the least affected. With more wealth and resources, developed countries are better… Continue Reading...

Culturally Relevant Pedagogy

But that's just good teaching! The case for culturally relevant pedagogy. theory into practice 34 (3): 159-165. Woolfolk, A. E. (2016). Educational psychology. Upper Saddle river, NJ: Merrill. Continue Reading...

Behavioral Approach Instruction Criticism

are different benefits and strengths of instruction and classroom management that is done on the basis of behavioral theory. For starters, human beings learn by acting on the environment that they are in. This is in the sense that individuals act on the world, and transform it, and are in turn transformed by the implication of their actions. In particular, individuals effectively learn in a responsive environment. Having instruction and classroom management that is based on behavior provides such a setting. Teachers that use praise and also rewards with respect to the behavior and performance of the students facilitate… Continue Reading...

Visual Analysis

33(1), 23. Dove, I. J. (2012). On images as evidence and arguments. In Topical themes in argumentation theory (pp. 223-238). Springer Netherlands. Hill, C. A., & Helmers, M. (Eds.). (2012). Defining visual rhetorics. Routledge. Jeong, S. H. (2008). Visual metaphor in advertising: Is the persuasive effect attributable to visual argumentation or metaphorical rhetoric? Journal of Marketing Communications, 14(1), 59-73. Scott, L. M. (1994). Images in advertising: The need for a theory of visual rhetoric. Journal of consumer research, 21(2), 252-273. Continue Reading...

Google and the Mind

this point in time, there is a lack of a single scientific theory to explain the working of the human memory. Hence, the authors based their research on synonyms, Semantic Model, and word pair associations. Intriguingly, in case of this research, majority answers (that is, at least half) came under PageRank's top eight-percent ranks (22). It was concluded that PageRank ordering of 'terms that begin with a particular alphabet' are closely matched to the most frequent responses of users when provided an alphabet and requested to utter the very first word that comes to mind. The Google Search engine… Continue Reading...

Supply and Demand

encompass the gas prices of gasoline per gallon in ten different gas stations. Thereafter, the theory of demand and supply will be utilized to ascertain the change in prices and the new prices to be set in a new market. The following are 10 gas stations in your local area with a record of the price per gallon for each gas station. Gas Station Price per Gallon Catt-Rez Enterprises Inc. 10910 Erie Rd & Lakeshore Rd Big Indian Smoke Shop 597 Milestrip Rd near Farnham Rd Wolf's Run 12795 Four Mile Level Rd near Iroquois Dr. Signals 11024 Southwestern… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Designs

quantitative data. It also involves describing the timing of data collection as well as the theory and philosophical worldview underlying the above procedures. The next step involves educating the reader about other terms that may be used in place of mixed methods. These include mixed methodology, multi-method, and quantitative and qualitative methods (Creswell, 2014). It is also important to familiarise the reader with the history of the mixed methods design. According to Creswell (2014), the mixed methods design gained popularity towards the end of the 1980s, with researchers attempting to overcome the weaknesses presented by single-method designs. Since then,… Continue Reading...

Southernization and Westernization

as information-filled and accurate as possible. It is also important to make it clear when theory and conjecture are in play and why alternate theories that are nonetheless present are not mentioned or accepted as firmly [footnoteRef:2]. [1: Shafer, Lynda. 2017. "Southernization." Hawaii.Edu. http://www.uhpress.hawaii.edu/journals/jwh/jwh051p001.pdf.] [2: Stearns, Peter N. 1987. "Periodization In World History Teaching: Identifying The Big Changes." The History Teacher 20 (4): 561. doi:10.2307/493757.] It is important to note what other historians have to say about this same topic and lexicon in the most modern context and frame of debate. More importantly, it is important to compare and… Continue Reading...

How Diversification Can Help Ceos Financially

corporate diversification strategies in the context of the global economic crisis" (Florentina, 2012). Corporate governance is based on the theory of the "organization and the expenses it implies," and the organization's efforts to clarify relationships "between the several actors to the determination of management" (Florentina, 621). Good governance " . . . reduces risks, increases performance . . . improves managerial style," and offers transparency vis-a-vis "social responsibility" (Florentina, 624). But when there are "inefficient policies" and "agency conflicts" within diversification, the firm is harmed (Florentina, 621). Florentina's research (not based on specific empirical data) shows that diversified companies'… Continue Reading...

Social Capital

between trust, social networks, and the advancement of present day industrial society. The theory of social capital has attained significance by means of the assimilation of classical sociological theory with the delineation of an intangible form of capital (Ferragina, 2010). Where it's going? The direction that social capital is taking encompasses the individualism and communitarian approaches. Through the conception of social capital, researchers have brought forth a combination between the value that is encompassed in the approaches of both individualism and communitarianism. This is to expound on the aspect that social capital can not only be produced in a… Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

autism spectrum disorder in Hong Kong. Social Science & Medicine, 70(12), 2045-2051. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.023 Kwok and Mak employ an integrated theory for examining the link between internalized peer stigma, social support, and mental health status of autistic kids' parents. The support of family, spouse, professionals, colleagues and friends has been revealed to be differentially linked to mental health and internalized stigma. Stigma internalization in autistic kids' parents was revealed to be severe. This paper produces highly significant outcomes with regard to the present research, underscoring the fact that supporting family members may help decrease stigma and improve the QOL of autistic… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Syrian Refugee Crisis on Marketing Arena

Strategic management and marketing theory demonstrates that marketing activities are significantly affected by events in the external environment (Mullins & Walker, 2013). For instance, the PESTEL framework shows that business and marketing decisions must be made in consideration of political, economic, social, technological, environment, and legal factors. One event that is increasingly affecting marketing activities is the Syrian refugee crisis, which has resulted in the influx of hundreds of thousands of refugees into Europe (Kleintop & Schwab, 2015). This text considers the implications of the Syrian refugee crisis on the marketing arena. Attention is… Continue Reading...

Democracy and Pluralism

power-related suppositions and approach determine their results and conclusions. 3. Explain how one argument from a theory or critique of democracy OR a theory or critique of pluralism is linked to your research interest (Black Women in White Male Dominant Oil & Gas Industry: Are Set-Aside and Inclusion Programs & Policies Really Assisting?) Please refer to the readings to support the points that you make and cite your sources. Pluralist thinking acknowledges the legality of principles governing action which are implemented uniformly across a number of diverse institutions, including plurality, super majority or majority voting, voting entitlement definitions, rules for… Continue Reading...

Lesson Plan for Gustav Klimt Art Class

component(s) of visual art addressed within the learning tasks and students' prior academic learning, their assets, and research/ theory". The prior academic learnings of the students in 2a above had been a guiding factor that affects my decision in planning my instructional strategies in order to focus on this learning segment. Thus, I relied on the student's prerequisite knowledge to develop my plan of instructions. My aim is to develop instructions that will allow students utilizing the existing knowledge by capitalizing on cultural assets in order to understand the arts with reference to the historical context. This method will assist… Continue Reading...

Applied Social Psychology

theories and their generic role in resolving practical and social problems. A key applied social psychological theory is Cognitive Dissonance, whose main premise is that an individual is driven to remain consistent in his/her cognitions or perceptions as any dissension in this regard may give rise to psychological discomfort (Brehm, 2007). The term 'dissonance' involves aversion or discomfort; individuals can alleviate such distress by altering their cognitions. What is its effect on family dynamics, familial issues and teen problems? In what way is dissonance theory possibly applicable to such situations? The mid-teenage is a phase characterized by a drastic rise… Continue Reading...

Budgeting

S. (2014). Information Systems Threats and Vulnerabilities. International Journal of Computer Applications, 89(3). Deegan, C. (2013). Financial accounting theory. McGraw-Hill Education Australia. Riahi-Belkaoui, A. (2004). Accounting theory. Cengage Learning EMEA. Continue Reading...

Ideals Of Utilitarianism

They speak much about its course or the process of the action itself. Rationality seems to have a grounded theory that proclaims the best for all. This means the actions at bay have to be considerate of the results. Perfection comes with the achievement of better results, results that are consistent with human rationality. Reforms, Utilitarian, Idealists Reformations bring change to an ideological world. Through reforms, much of the status quo is eliminated with logic and reasoning give the entire streamline of action. Reforms are a sensation towards change, change that brings about new results and new perceptions. In… Continue Reading...

Strategic Plan

the strategic initiative will generate substantial benefits for the organization. References Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. 4th ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Hill, C., & Jones, G. (2012). Essentials of strategic management. 3rd ed. Boston: Cengage Learning. Samson, D., & Bevington, T. (2012). Implementing strategic change: managing processes and interfaces to develop a highly productive organization. London: Kogan Page. Thompson, J., & Martin, F. (2010). Strategic Management: awareness and change. 6th ed. Boston: Cengage Learning. Tractica (2016). Consumer drone sales to increase tenfold to 67.7 million units annually by 2021. Retrieved from: https://www.tractica.com/newsroom/press-releases/consumer- drone-sales-to-increase-tenfold-to-67-7-million-units-annually-by-2021/ Continue Reading...

Concept Of Ethics and Culture

more moderate position is that what theories like Aristotle's show us is that any adequate ethical theory must do justice to the essential part the virtues play (perhaps by including both a theory of right conduct and a theory of virtue." The argument shows that virtues are an integral part of the Maori Ethics as they attempt to connect the self with the arguments of nature. Section 2: 186-189 The author in this section looks at the reasons that are there to explain the Maori ethics as virtue ethics. The concept of "tika" is well elaborated in relation to… Continue Reading...

Security Leader in a Military Organization

have (Taylor, Rosenbach & Rosenbach, 2009). Indeed, demonstrating calmness and emotional stability can significantly influence troops. Leadership theory asserts that followers tend to emulate the behavior of their leaders (Bertocci, 2009). Therefore, if the leader behaves as if everything is under control even during crisis conditions, their followers are likely to stay calm as well. Exhibiting calmness during difficult times portrays the leader as brave and a conqueror, which serves as a powerful motivator for their troops. Time Management The ability to manage time is also an important leadership skill (Bertocci, 2009). On any given day, a leader usually… Continue Reading...

Introduction to Global Business

external trade if it had a trade surplus. The specializations theory asserts that free trade motivates nations to specialize in the manufacture of goods and services they can produce through the most efficient level of production. Lastly, the Factor Endowments theory outlines that countries predominantly export goods and services that largely utilize their abundant factors of production. In the contemporary, there are both socio-economic and geo-political justifications for managed trade. These include protecting local infant industries, health and safety reasons, avoiding creation of export cartels and also outlining any questionable labor practices. Chapter 3 In summary, this chapter elucidates… Continue Reading...

Comparative Analysis Of Egoism or Altruism

Egoism Egoism is defined as the act of human behavior where humans act purposely for their self-interests. The psychological theory of egoism is based on the ultimate aim of satisfying one's welfare. While good deeds or good behaviors of many people are motivated by self-interests or egoisms, however, some behaviors are still rooted in altruism. There are several examples of people doing good deeds without their self-interests. For example, several professional doctors have been providing volunteering health services to low-income people around the world without asking for financial rewards in returns. Moreover, some wealthy individuals have set up foundations across… Continue Reading...

Supreme Court

His flamboyant wittiness and powerful reasoning made him the strongest and most prominent supporter of the constitutional interpretation theory of originalism, which was scorned at the time Scalia was first appointed by Reagan, but has now assumed 'mainstream' status in the minds of conservatives as well as liberals. His notions will indisputably continue to be debated among legal circles even a century from now, just like Joseph Story, Learned Hand and Oliver Wendell Holmes Junior are (Burrus, 2016). When visiting California, President Obama hailed Scalia's larger-than-life role at the Court, his sharp intellect and his profoundly-persuasive and marvelous legal… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

interpreting the findings. The last two steps are vital as they present the theory to explain the research phenomenon, convey important information about subjects, highlight convergence or divergence between the present findings and past research, and highlight questions for further inquiry. The six steps have important implications for evaluating criminal justice data and interpreting published research. Indeed, evaluating criminal justice data and presenting it in a manner that makes sense to both the researcher and the reader can be quite difficult, often taking a substantial amount of time and effort. Knowledge of these steps minimises this difficulty. Personally, knowledge… Continue Reading...

Restorative Justice

relationship between restorative justice and recidivism has important implications for offender rehabilitation. References Dzur, A. (2003). Civic implications of restorative justice theory: citizen participation and criminal justice policy. Policy Studies, 36(3/4), 279-306. Elis, L. (2005). Restorative justice programs, gender, and recidivism. Public Organisation Review, 5(4), 375-389. Latimer, J., Dowden, C., & Muise, D. (2005). The effectiveness of restorative justice practices: a meta-analysis. The Prison Journal, 85(2), 127-144. Sherman, L., Strang, H., Mayo-Wilson, E., Woods, D., & Ariel, B. (2015). Are restorative justice conferences effective in reducing repeat offending? Findings from a Campbell systematic review. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31, 1-24. Stamatakis,… Continue Reading...

Auteur Theory Application

The term auteur emanates from France and it means author, which in film theory implies that a film by a director mirrors their artistic and ingenious vision. In accordance to Pearson and Simpson (2001), an auteur is delineated as a film director that generates a distinguishing and unique way to film creation by means of visual autograph and thematic and storyline constancy. The auteur theory was instigated in the 1950s in France by directors such as Francis Truffaut who promoted an emphasis on the input made by directors with respect to their style and type… Continue Reading...

Why Transcultural Nursing Theory Is Applicable

many new groups, beliefs, cultures, and ideas forming all the time. As Wayne (2014) notes, the transcultural theory of nursing also enables nurses to provide meaningful care within the context of the patient's cultural framework. In other words, the conditions of quality care that may apply to one patient may not apply to another patient of a different culture, background or belief system. A nurse trained transcultural nursing will have a developed sense of these differences and will be aware of indicators and of questions to ask that will prompt the appropriate responses in patients regarding cultural preferences in a… Continue Reading...

Motivational Theory Of Lifespan Development

Life-span developmental theory offers a guideline for understanding human aging. Primarily, the theory provides explains the regular changes occurring to an individual to death. Theories of the aging process act as frameworks for aligning research findings and observations to deduce significant conclusions. The information is essential because it enhances sequencing in the lifespan hence providing chronological priority to earlier moments and events in an individual's life. Besides, life span theory can be identified as a synchronized integration of different age-based developmental specializations.… Continue Reading...

Child Development

ideas, which in turn improves their perception of the world. Piaget's theory and cognitive development in infancy The intellectual development theory by Jean Piaget is recognized as one of the best theories on cognitive development. It is used to explain infant development according to the sensorimotor or first stage. The theory suggests that intellectual development as a continuation of the biologic development that started before birth. This means that since birth, the child is equipped with the ability to make several motor responses. This provides the foundation for the subsequent thought processes. Therefore, the psychological base is the source of… Continue Reading...

Human Development

(8). Retrieved from: http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/content/34/8/354 Sokol, J. T. (2009). Identity Development Throughout the Lifetime: An Examination of Eriksonian theory. Graduate Journal of Counseling Psychology, 1 (2), 1-11. Retrieved from: http://epublications.marquette.edu/gjcp/vol1/iss2/14 Continue Reading...

Multinational Companies

affect how firms strategize, compete, and manage personnel. Cultural theory, particularly Geert Hoftede's cultural dimensions model, demonstrates that significant differences exist between countries in terms of culture (Noorderhaven and Harzing, 2003). Some countries tend to be individualistic (prioritise individual wellbeing) and others collectivist (prioritise group wellbeing). Some are characterised as high power distance societies (accept unequal distribution of power and authority) and others as low power distance societies (promote equality). These intrinsic characteristics influence how individuals within a given society think, behave, and relate with one another (Pudelko and Harzing, 2007). Based on this premise, a lower power distance… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

(2009). The Global Public Relations Handbook, Revised and Expanded Edition: theory, Research, and Practice. Routledge. Sullivan, L. E., Rosen, M. S., Schulz, D. M., & Haberfeld, M. R. (2005). Encyclopedia of law enforcement. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications. Travis, A. (2017, March 14). England and Wales have highest imprisonment rate in western Europe | Society | The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/mar/14/england-and-wales-has-highest-imprisonment-rate-in-western-europe Ugelvik, T., & Dullum, J. (2012). Penal exceptionalism?: Nordic prison policy and practice. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Walgrave, L. (2003). Repositioning restorative justice. Cullompton: Willan. Continue Reading...

Informal and Formal Powers Of the President

would have less power to influence Congress, other than the veto (Hudak, 2014). The theory of Presidential Power Scholars have long maintained that the President is relatively weak in the realm of domestic affairs, but of course that is the nature of relativity. Relative to what is the question. Relative to foreign affairs, yes, the President is relatively weak. But that does not mean that the President is actually weak in the realm of domestic affairs. Far from it. The President holds a lot of power, just with a handful of critical formal levers and with the vast influence that… Continue Reading...

Parental Authority Hobbes and Locke

a clear and cohesive perspective. [2: A. John Simmons, The Lockean theory of Rights (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992), 174.] [3: Simmons, The Lockean theory, 180.] Perspectives are what Locke and Hobbes stress regarding parental authority. While they seem different, there are some similar elements to their arguments. The first is the age of reason. Both believe children are obligated to honor their parents through obedience until they reach an age of reason. This means to Hobbes the child no longer needs the care and protection of the parent. To Locke, it means the age of criminal responsibility.… Continue Reading...

New Testament and Christianity

and interpretation of the religious texts. • Heresy: Heresy is a theory that is developed to be at strong variance with any sort of religious custom and beliefs. Heresy is a strong violation that is directed at critical religious teachings and beliefs, and its related general ideas especially held towards Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Q2 Inherent neglect of the traditional adjudications, adoption of new and modern ways of life and worship, abandonment of the key features of religious activities, the movement towards a more diversified culture amidst worship and traditions, among other issues affecting the manner in which the old… Continue Reading...

Camden New Jersey and Corruption Exploitation

businesses imaginable: illicit drugs (controlled by gangs) and the scrap metal industry. Strain theory shows how residents of Camden will view both of these businesses as the only means to put food on the table -- because essentially they are. All the people that the authors interview in Camden assert that now that Camden is a wasteland, there are absolutely no jobs. Young people, more than fifty percent of whom drop out of high school because the education system is so terrible, turn to whatever work they can find. It happens that the work is either in the illicit… Continue Reading...

Understanding the Collapse Of the Roman Empire

of Byzantine Empire. In this essay, I present the strongest historical theory used to explain the collapse of this most legendary Empire. Joseph Tainter (1990) pioneered the explanation and theorization of the Roman Empire collapse (Tainter 11). This American anthropologist holds that given technological levels yield implicit declining returns to complexity whereby the society depletes its resource base past any sustainable levels. In essence, the most crucial cause that brought down the Roman Empire is that the society had become highly complex as it tried to solve its problems. Tainter's social complexity theory entails differentiated economic and social roles… Continue Reading...

Advancements in Connectionism

and future challenges. Frontiers in Psychology. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00187 Nelson, R. (2013). Expanding the Role of Connectionism in SLA theory. Language Learning, 1-33. Plaut, D., & Vande Velde, A. (2017). Statistical Learning of Parts and Wholes: A Neural Network Approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 318-336. Wiltshire, T. (2015). A Prospective Framework for the Design of Ideal Artificial Moral Agents: Insights from the Science of Heroism in Human. Minds and Machines, 57-71. This article was chosen because it provides a rich and detailed history of how this model developed, as well as some discussion of where the model could go in terms of… Continue Reading...

College Student Development Theory

The student development theory is a body of the educational scholarship and psychology that demonstrates the strategy higher educational students gain knowledge. The theory also guides students in their educational affairs. College students are categories as students in the higher education especially in the formal setting such as colleges, universities, polytechnic and other institutions of higher learning. On the other hand, development is defined as a "process of increasing complex." (Patton, et al. 2016 p 5). With reference to the students' affair, the theory is a useful tool… Continue Reading...

Fake News and Knowledge Is Power

backlash and criticisms. From Socrates's poisoning due to his championing of reason to Galileo's excommunication because of his heliocentric theory, knowledge has always had the power to threaten existing political and social institutions. The current American backlash against knowledge is only a reaction against the threat of the power of knowledge in eliminating outmoded beliefs and worldviews. Works Cited Alcott, Hunt and Gentzkow, Matthew. "Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election." Retrieved online: https://web.stanford.edu/~gentzkow/research/fakenews.pdf Barton, Hannah. Tactical Virality: "Fake news" now is a strategy for consolidating executive power. Stop Fake. Retrieved online: http://www.stopfake.org/en/tactical-virality-fake-news-now-is-a-strategy-for-consolidating-executive-power/ Swinton, Elizabeth. "Opinion: Students… Continue Reading...

The History Of American Social Welfare

2014). What fueled anti-immigrant sentiment included fears of losing jobs and other conflict theory perspectives showing how immigrants are perceived of as threats to the existing social order (Social Work Speaks). The NASW Policy Statement supports the rights of immigrants and refugees to live without discrimination. Committee on US-Latin American Nations (2014). Similar Anti-immigrant rhetoric used throughout US history. Retrieved online: https://cuslar.org/2014/10/23/similar-anti-immigrant-rhetoric-used-throughout-u-s-history/ NASW Policy Statement Social Work Speaks The pre-Civil War/antebellum era was tumultuous, with a series of failed political compromises leading to a breakdown of morals and ethics. At the same time, there were reform movements most notably… Continue Reading...

Film Juno Analysis

the feminist analysis presented by Hayward in Concepts as well as auteur theory, it is apparent the title character never has to negotiate other elements of intersectionality like race or social class, as she is white and from a privileged background as is the father of her child, Pauli Bleeker (Michael Cera). By placing the female body and the female choice related to sexuality and childbirth at the center of the film, Reitman does create a feminist discourse. As Cohan and Hark points out, in film "traditionally the male body has been viewed as the norm; the female body… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

identity), or weakening religious/cultural identity in order to successfully integrate into German society (ie. assimilation theory). The Kunst, Tajamal, Sam & Ullebergh (2012) research stresses the importance of contextual variables. The Kunst, Tajamal, Sam & Ullebergh (2012) results also support what Elashi, Mills & Grant (2009) found, in that "balancing one's identity becomes especially difficult when an individual living in a host country is targeted for being a member of an out-group. In such cases, the individual must decide whether to accept the host country's practices at the cost of isolating his or her own cultural practices or to… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

Fornell, C. (2005) Effect of information technology investments on customer satisfaction: theory and evidence. Ross School of Business Working Paper Series, Working Paper No. 971. [online] Available from https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/39170/971.pdf?sequence=1 &isAllowed=y [Accessed 19 April 2017]. Pernia, O. and Santos, F. (2016) Digital ports: the evolving role of port authorities. [online] Available from: http://navis.com/sites/default/files/pages/docs/digital_ports_print_0.pdf [Accessed 6 April 2017]. Port Technology. (2015) Digitalization and the future of shipping. [online] Available from: https://www.porttechnology.org/news/digitalisation_and_the_future_of_shipping_te chnology [Accessed 6 April 2017]. Ryding, D. (2010) The impact of new technologies on customer satisfaction and business to business customer relationships: evidence from the soft drinks industry. Journal of… Continue Reading...

Public Sector Performance Measurement

ultimately aimed at driving performance. Based on management control theory, PBM is about evaluating outcomes with the aim of creating value for the end consumer and other important stakeholders (Pihl-Thingvad, 2017). PBM processes relate to not only individuals or employees, but also organizational processes (Brudan, 2010). Indeed, performance-based management means that all organizational processes, internally and externally, are pegged on performance or results -- from personnel management to supply chain management. Selviaridis & Wynstram (2015), for instance, demonstrate the relevance of PBM in supplier management. PBM determines aspects such as supplier payment, incentive design, performance specification, and risk allocation.… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making Scenario

join him. The decision by Joe to decline the invitation is supported by the utilitarianism ethical theory, which focuses on promoting the good of all. Based on this theory, an act is not inherently right or wrong, but its rightness or wrongness is determined based on its overall good (Moreland, n.d.). In this case, the decision to decline Bill's invitation is viewed as Joe's duty to ethical behavior, to UWEAR and its employees. Through declining the invitation, Joe would essentially be acting in the interests of all stakeholders. In this case, such a response would create the greater good for… Continue Reading...

Operations Management in Education

supply chain. 10th edition. London: Pearson Education. Mahadevan, B. (2010). Operations management: theory and practice. New Delhi: Pearson Education. Stevenson, W. (2012). Operations management: theory and practice. New York: McGraw- Hill. Continue Reading...

The Various Ways to Learn

E., & Stich, S. P. (2013). Philosophy and Connectionist theory. Psychology Press. Sun, H., Teh, P., Ho, K., & Lin, B. (2016). Team Diversity, Learning, and Innovation: A Mediation Model. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 22-30. doi:10.1080/08874417.2016.1181490 Continue Reading...

Partisan News Outlets and Propaganda

to mind the propaganda forces of the State. While a news agency, in theory, is expected to be a source of information, most news agencies are promoting a specific take on information or presenting a one-sided perspective of a subject. Most news agencies are owned by umbrella corporations which control the manner in which information is published so as to create a narrative in society that fits the agenda of the umbrella corporation. Give an example of a "trustworthy" news agency and explain your reasons for choosing it. I cannot point to a single trustworthy news agency, though some… Continue Reading...

Managing Stress Brought by Self Defeating Behavior

the workplace. The evaluation includes recommendations of suitable solutions to this issue based on organizational theory concepts and the concepts of organizational behavior. Background Information The organization I work for has several divisions or department that are mandated with various responsibilities and tasks towards the achievement of the established business goals and objectives. Each of these departments is led by a departmental head who ensures that the division's workforce carry out their respective roles in line with department goals and objectives. The departmental heads work in collaboration with the organization's top management to create a suitable working environment where… Continue Reading...

Psychology Journal

naturally or through learning. In an extensive review of literature based on learning and cognition theory, Sadideen et al. (2013) sought to answer this question. Focusing specifically on the field of surgery, the authors concluded that surgical expertise is acquired through continuous learning and practice, not innately or genetically. These findings are consistent with the broader body of knowledge suggesting that experts are made, not born (Hallam, 2010; Tashman, 2013). In other words, whereas some individuals appear to be born with superior capabilities than others, they become proficient over time, through an unwavering process of practice. This knowledge has… Continue Reading...

Increasing Patient Satisfaction

drivers in patient satisfaction metric improvements. These points should be a focus of your change initiative. Roger's Change theory The diffusion of innovation theory, or Roger's change theory, was first proposed by Everett Rogers more have a half a century ago. Despite the theories age, it remains relevant to any change process today. The premise of this theory is that different groups of people adapt to changes at different paces. Some people are entirely coping with changes as soon as they are presented with it in things such as new ideas, new technologies, new processes, or anything else that represent… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Ethical Decision Making

engage his company's management towards offering some promotions or higher price cut as compared to Threads4U's offer. Relevant Ethical theory for Joe's Response to the Situation The proposed response for Joe in this situation is supported by utilitarianism ethical theory, which focuses on promoting the good of all. Based on this theory, an act is not inherently right or wrong, but its rightness or wrongness is determined based on its overall good (Moreland, n.d.). Through this ethical theory, Joe should focus on maximizing the greater good for the greater number of people involved in this business transaction. This implies that… Continue Reading...

Critiquing a Nursing Article with Picot

practice because of the clear impact bullying has on the workplace environment and on patient outcomes too. Methods 2. Constructivist grounded theory methods are used, whereby the researchers identify how participants construct their social realities subjectively and objectively via qualitative research collected in online and offline settings. Data collection methods included a 30-item online survey, with informed consent. In total, 81 different participant narratives were collected and analyzed. The narratives were systematically coded for content, themes, and patterns. A theoretical coding process was also used to discover relationships between the different categories that emerged during the process of data collection. 3.… Continue Reading...

Hegel, Heidegger, and Nietzsche on Philosophy

traditional process of propositional logical changes the substance of the thing being defined, according to Hegel's theory. The outcome is this theoretical position is that "thinking [i.e. ordinary reflection], instead of getting any farther with the transition from subject to predicate, in reality finds its activity checked through the loss of the subject, and it is thrown back on the thought of the subject because it misses this subject."[footnoteRef:8] The act of thinking, of ratiocination, obliges the thinker to mix with the propositional sides and become part of the proposition in his attempt to comprehend it. This means that… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

of Vygotsky's zone of proximal development," Levykh (2008) comments on recent trends to adapt Vygotsky's original theory of the zone of proximal development and concludes that there is no need to "expand" the theory to include emotional aspects of learning. After all, Vygotsky did embed the potential for emotional states into the zone of proximal development, through the analysis of the processes of cognitive, social learning, and also cultural and temporal constraints. The ultimate conclusions drawn by Levykh (2008) show how important emotions are to learning and development in general. 3. When considering the effects of the zone of… Continue Reading...

Epicurus\'s Views on Death

causes suffering for an individual. To prove that death doesn't have any salient impact on a person, proponents of Epicurus's theory may contend that death may not be considered responsible for the emergence of any (salient or non-salient) condition within us. It only makes us stop existing in a particular condition. But this theory is obviously false if one considers death's process sense: transitioning from being totally alive to a totally lifeless state may well create a bad condition (e.g., pain) within us (Fischer, 2014). Undoubtedly, Epicureans are drawn to death's 'cessation' sense as the end of the last vestiges… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

and Cognition. Week 2 The study described in "Self-Regulated Learning and Social Cognitive theory" in the text talks about the concept of self-regulation and agency in terms of social cognitive theory. Results show that it is possible to integrate these theories and concepts into classroom learning. Agency refers mainly to the ability to make choices through self will, and refers also to motivational theories. Tied into the Zhang & Sternberg (2010) article, the study on self-regulated learning and social cognitive theory links the way social learning occurs with the ways self-directed learning and motivational theory also work to create optimal learning… Continue Reading...

Artificial Intelligence and Futurism Transhumanism

what can be achieved by a computer. It therefore follows that computers can, in theory, emulate human intelligence -- and exceed it," the scientist's vision does actually come close to capturing the spirit of the more optimistic science fiction films (Cellan-Jones 1). To emulate and exceed human intelligence is a positive thing for all life. Samantha and her fellow OSs in Her are the idealized thought leaders of the future, the beings that can light a pathway forward for human beings to achieve their highest potential. The filmmaker wanted to show the potential in AI for awakening the best,… Continue Reading...

Behaviorally Targeted Ads As Implied Social Labels Article Analysis

on their personality, beliefs and behavior. Based on self-perception theory that reveals how people demonstrate certain behaviors based on their traits, the authors argue that implied social label can be used to develop the consumer identity to design behavioral consumer adverts.  However, Summers, et al. (2016) point out there is still short of research that clarifies the distinctions and commonalities between social labeling and identity priming.   ²Despite the method the author employ developing the theory, the theory is not well presented in the article. Instead of revealing how the theories are linked to the research objectives, the authors… Continue Reading...

American History During Early 20th Century

Roosevelt's New Deal. Starting in the 1890s, the Progressive Era drew upon Marxist theory of labor exploitation to help balance unbridled capitalist growth during the Gilded Age of industrial development. Progressivism welcomed social and technological progress both by suggesting reforms in both government and business to reduce corruption and ensure a higher quality of life for all Americans. Two of the progressive political party movements during the turn of the century included the Populist Party and the Bull Moose Party. Progressive values then later became embedded in the platform of the Democratic Party when President Franklin Roosevelt became president.… Continue Reading...

Police Organization and Administration

1.  Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory states that every individual has different levels of needs that must be met for them to reach their ultimate potential. The basic level includes the necessities of life, such as food, clothing, and shelter, while the more advanced levels require such things as positive social relationships and self-esteem. An officers job can be difficult, especially over a number of years. The reality that most officers eventually face is how to deal with stress and… Continue Reading...

Child Adolescent Development

result, Mark and Nicole would need to consult a healthcare provider for evaluation. Based on Piaget's theory, David is in the coordinating secondary schemes of sensorimotor development because he is within the age of this stage and exhibit its characteristics by engaging in intentional actions. Moreover, he thinks that when the mother disappears out of sight, she is completely gone and no longer there. David is likely to start realizing that when an object is hidden, it still exists despite being out of sight. Therefore, he is likely to start retrieving hidden objects or things that are out of his… Continue Reading...

Philosophy Questions

inferences made by Hume emanate from the application of the theory of meaning. If the customary notions of causality and personal identity are to hold meaning, it is imperative to have the ability to mark out such ideas to some impression. In particular, Hume does not entirely repudiate the notion of essential connection and causality. However, Hume does repudiate the customary notion of it being something like a main quality within objects themselves. As an alternative, he recommends that essential connection is similar to a minor quality that we onlookers carry out onto A-B categorizations when humans often perceive… Continue Reading...

Shared Values and Diverse Ideas in Healthcare Environment

every aspect of their organisation, they must be at the forefront. Leadership theory demonstrates that followers tend to emulate their leaders (Schein, 2010). Therefore, when leaders portray and enforce the organisation's shared values, they influence their subordinates to espouse the values. Leaders must, however, recognise that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to leadership. This is particularly true in the health care environment (Yoder-Wise, 2013). Health care organisations serve individuals and populations with diverse needs. Without attention to these specific needs, care that satisfies patients may not be achieved. For instance, in an organisation with rigid structures and procedures, every… Continue Reading...

As Nature Made Him by John Colapinto

lives as members of the gender of their own choosing. Several reports of his concur with the above theory. But the irony here is that we expect Money to follow that train of thought, developing on those ideas, while in truth, he acts to the contrary. He attempts to disprove his older claims. A second ironical instance was, after the failure of David's case, one would think Money reverted to his original theory. However, he still insists on experimenting with babies (York, 2015). "Likewise, a twenty year old born with a small, hypospadic penis that required him to sit… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

associated with positivist and quantitative research. The inductive approach, on the other hand, involves generating a new theory. Often used in qualitative research, inductive reasoning focuses on investigating a new phenomenon or examining a known phenomenon from a new perspective (Bryman, 2008). As the study will involve both positivist and interpretivist aspects, it will also encompass both deductive and inductive aspects. Research Purpose The purpose of a research may be exploratory, explanatory, or analytical. Exploratory research is research that aims to provide more information about a given phenomenon (Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill, 2015). It seeks to study the phenomenon… Continue Reading...

Military Management and the Agency Problem

Military Management and the Agency Problem Agency theory can be helpful for understanding any organizational conflict or behavior, and applies equally as well to the private and public sector. Applied to the military organization, agency theory "offers insight into how military strategies relate to political objectives," an important consideration (Petrina, 2005, p. v). When it is applied to the corporate world, agency theory also offers insight into how executive decisions are made and how executives can become corrupt when they possess significant power and separation from agents or shareholders. There are… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

are viewed, how society adopts its legislation, etc. Such a theory suggests the quantitative data showing a decrease in crime rates may have a qualitative explanation that is rooted in the shifting of societal attitudes. This explanation is supported by Downes and Rock (2011) who state that the "sociology of crime" does not and cannot serve up one, absolute, all-conclusive explanation for why societies engage or do not engage in "rule-breaking," though different theories may at times "mesh" and serve as a guide towards a deeper understanding of a complex phenomenon (p. 1). Assessing how cultures change and how… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of Ageing Based on Psychology Interview

instrumental activity and deal with household chores such as dressing, shopping, and eating. The late adulthood theory reveals that some elderly people can lead the nation and have the ability to run marathons. While others can no longer talk or walk. The self-theory reveals that some elderly adults have the ability to maintain their identity and integrity. Some older people are able to maintain their stable attitudes and personality over their lifespan even with a change in their bodies. Mae has been able to remain active despite her old age because she uses to indulge in physical activities, and she… Continue Reading...

Julie's Psychological Assessment Report

Julie because Julie is still a student. Smiley, & Anderson, (2011) argue that motivation theory is the strategy to motivate students' cognitive performances. The authors identify the cognitive assessment as an effective strategy to assess students' ability. The benefit of the cognitive assessment is to identify the areas where students are underperforming and provide the strategy to improve their academic performances. This study also uses the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test to assess the academic performances of Julie since the test can be used for children, students, and adults aged between 4 and 85. The test assists in assessing a… Continue Reading...

Analysis Of an Individuals Personality

based on the conditions in her family and at home. The behavioral theory of personality suggests that personality is a by-product of a pattern of learned behaviors (Bustamante, Howe-Tennant & Ramo, 1996). In addition to being reserved or self-absorbed, TinaShazzy is also sensitive given her tendency to experience unpleasant feelings easily i.e. anger, which makes her defensive (University of Minnesota, n.d.). TinaShazzy's sensitive personality trait is influenced by the negative impacts of her dysfunctional family and hostile home environment. On the other, she is determined to be successful because of the family's failure and struggles. TinaShazzy's Online Personality On… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Employability Of Graduates

ability and not the environmental aspect of the personality. Mixed model; this theory is often associated with Daniel Goleman as the main proponent and contemporary psychologists accept it as a viable model. It involves various competencies that are further broken down to the particular skills. The EI competencies under this model are self-awareness (Emotional self-awareness, accurate self-awareness, self-confidence), self-management (self -- control, trustworthiness, conscientiousness, adaptability, achievement orientation, initiative), social awareness (empathy, organizational awareness, service orientation) and social skills (influence, leadership, developing others, communication, change catalysts, change management, building bonds, teamwork and collaboration). Here, these abilities are not considered innate but… Continue Reading...

Issues Within Special Education

ways that improve the education of all students [and it] has the potential to transform education" (p. 372). What theory(ies) exist(s) to support these claims? Explain. RTI, of course, refers to response to intervention. It is something that can be applied to special education but it actually has applications with all levels of students. It simply refers to the idea that if there are students are struggling with a given lesson or teaching, there are ways to "intervene" with that student (or students) and help them process and learn what they are struggling with. The progress that is seen… Continue Reading...

Review Of Human Resource Management

of international business. Oxford University Press. Shen, J. (2005). International training and management development: theory and reality. Journal of Management Development, 24(7), 656-666. SHRM Foundation. (2015). Challenges for human resource management and global business strategy. Retrieved from: http://futurehrtrends.eiu.com/report-2015/challenges-for-human-resource-management-and-global-business-strategy/ Continue Reading...

Effects Of Poverty on the Brain

2014). Drawing on animal subjects' neurobiological data and human beings' behavioral information, the authors put forward their theory of an extant impact of penury on the above brain volume results. Further, they postulated that important variables linked to poverty and established as having adverse influences on kids' development outcomes (e.g., traumatic life events, caregiver support, and caregiver education) were mediating factors in the relationship between brain volume and poverty. As regards the research methodology adopted, researchers gathered information from a potential longitudinal research of preschoolers' emotional growth (these kids later went on to take part in neuroimaging tests). The… Continue Reading...

Biological Theories Of Crime

damage, mental function and makeup, heredity, body systems and impaired mental function. The supporters of this theory believe that the biological insight into conventional actions of criminal minds give more effective tools, mechanisms, beliefs and examples which can work smoothly with the normal anticrime systems in keeping up their work quality. The basic belief of the study targeted at biological makeup and criminality is that there is a connection between delusion, brutality, loneliness and spontaneity and crime. Several studies apply their own developed methods and parameters, a trend which complicates the drawing of inferences from their work. Due to… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Influences on the American Constitution

and they are created equal. John Locke was political philosopher was the early proponent of social contract theory believing that there were certain inalienable rights that people should enjoy. Locke believed that it was people who created the government, and people could overthrow the government if they failed to protect their rights. In his philosophical thinking, Locke revealed that all human is born equal, and they had the natural rights to defend their liberties, life and health. Locke contributed to the development of liberalism and laid a groundwork for the development of the Enlightenment. Typically, Locke's philosophical thinking influenced… Continue Reading...

Young Drivers Speeding Intentions and Behaviors

researchers. In addition to utilizing these studies' findings as the premise for the hypotheses, the authors also utilized the theory of Planned Behavior as the basis for carrying out the research. The theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is a theory in the field of psychology that links an individual's belief to his/her behaviors. According to LaMorte (2016), this theory has been successfully utilized to forecast and explain a series of health intentions and behaviors such as drinking, substance use, and smoking. The theory postulates that behavioral achievement is usually dependent on motivation (intention) and capability (behavioral control). The six constructs… Continue Reading...

Developing Work Teams in Organizations

of team diversity and performance in organizational performance based on theory and empirical research. One of the major concepts from this research is that team development in organizations is supported by social comparison theory, cultural mosaic theory, intergroup contact theory, and social identity theory and mental models. Secondly, the different types of work teams in an organization include production-oriented work teams, project teams, management teams, and quality improvement/problem-solving teams. These researchers found that the effectiveness of work teams in enhancing organizational performance requires members to develop relationships based on respect, optimal performance, and embracing diversity. The organization's management should… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility Csr

satisfy the concerns of stakeholders affected by their operations. This is the core of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR theory asserts that business organizations exist for not only profit motives, but also social and environmental objectives (Schwartz, 2011). Indeed, CSR has become so that important governments in most countries around the world have enacted laws and regulations that businesses must adhere to so as to foster community wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Inattention to social and environmental concerns may harm an organization's public reputation or have serious legal ramifications on the organization. WECAREHealth (WCH), a New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company, is… Continue Reading...

Admissions Essay for Family Nurse Practitioner

philosophy of nursing is holistic and grounded in caring theory. Caring theory is patient-centric, non-judgmental, and individualistic. The family nursing model is also one that takes into account issues related to family systems, culture, and worldview. Caring is more than an ethical, moral, and professional duty for nurses. I echo the sentiment that caring is a "complex and trans-cultural process, grounded in an ethical and spiritual context," (de Guia-Rayos, 2014). Throughout my decades of experience, I have had the opportunity to work in diverse healthcare settings and most importantly, with a diverse patient population. Working with patients as a… Continue Reading...

Group Dynamics and Teams

competitive world. 12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Margerison, C. (2003). Team leadership. London: Thomson Learning. Raines, S. (2012). Conflict management for managers: resolving workplace, client and policy disputes. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

the society cannot be possible without social interactions. That is the basis of the social cognitive theory as it brings together attitudinal and cognitive effects. The major forms of continuous learning are via the environment, the web, media houses and social communications. The intensity of the effect this new knowledge would have on people is dependent on their individual mindsets. Social communication (as earlier stated) is a major way of increasing knowledge and deriving meaning from these. In this handbook, we have given a thorough breakdown of social cognition and the workings of social communication in its various forms.… Continue Reading...

Participative Leadership and How It Works

the decision making process and work towards solutions to problems together. The leadership theory that most resonates with me is the Skills and Abilities Approach. This approach is based on the idea that leadership is something that can "be learned and further developed and applied in an organizational setting" (Kearney-Nunnery, n.d., p. 169). What I like about this approach is that it promotes human, technical and conceptual skills within the organization. Human skills foster collaboration and team work among the group. Technical skills foster organizational development, as team members must know how to use the technology in the workplace and… Continue Reading...

Understanding Voter Behavior Patterns

for the 'every person' to help govern the nation. However, Popkin's theory of low information rationality posits that 'every person' is unlike the ideal citizen in that they do not make their decisions based on fact, but rather, personal interactions and information from the media. Populistic Democracy allows for the governing of the nation through the 'simple person' not the privileged elite. However, similar to Popkin, Berelson believes most citizens are not able to maintain specific standards needed to successfully govern a nation. This may be because most people lack the education and understanding of what it takes to… Continue Reading...

Sexual Harassment in a Workplace Organization

my manager's position did not feel completely ethical. From the perspective of stakeholder theory, I had a right and responsibility to report what I saw as sexual harassment, even though I was not the party harassed. Because I was a worker in the organization, I was impacted at least indirectly by the harassment and could see how such behavior, if tolerated, could lead to a decline in morale and a feeling of hostility and instability in the workplace. As a worker there, I could report the incident based on the concept that I was a stakeholder in the organization… Continue Reading...

Kolb’s Model Of Adult Learning

Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Latham, G. (2012). Work motivation: history, theory, research, and practice. London: SAGE. Tulgan, B. (2004). H.O.T. Hands on transactional management. Amherst: HRD Press. Continue Reading...

Herzberg Vs Job Characteristics Model

for people who are not such job design really only creates motivation to leave, not motivation to perform. Herzberg's two-factor theory (NetMBA, 2010) argues that there are factors that lead to dissatisfaction and factors that lead to satisfaction in the workplace. This theory highlights why certain factors do not increase work satisfaction -- those factors being good is the default condition employees will accept, so anything above that is pointless but below is not. This ties in with the job characteristics model because job characteristics should be aligned with personality type. The key lies in the fact that different personality… Continue Reading...

Classroom Observation

Introduction It is easy to assume that a comprehensive decision making theory gives a reliable basis for an observation scheme for a classroom. However, it is apparent that even though the practical and theoretical ventures overlap in many respects the core of the theoretical tenets are fundamentally variant. They are broader in some respects and narrow in others. The deterrents of real time implementation are significant and thus the scheme of analysis is fundamentally different from the theory frames that led to (Schoenfeld, 2013. At the onset, I believed that teaching was about spending 8… Continue Reading...

21st Century Skills and Competencies

theories of leadership maintain a popular belief that great leaders are made and not born. This leadership theory illuminates actions of leaders and not their mental qualities or internal states. The theory postulates that people can learn to be leaders through teaching and observation. According to Bass (1990), this is simply done by teaching an individual the most appropriate behavioral response to any given situation. This means that the contemporary leaders, will learn good quality leadership from the current professionals some of which were not in the previous century, and from interacting with the current systems like the email… Continue Reading...

Labor Laws and Employment Contracts

of employees. Moreover, it will attract competent employees to the company. This action is in line with the deontological theory of ethics that considers an action ethical if it is in line with an individual's duty to the organization. In the second case, Mitch requests the approval to fire his subordinate. The underlying reason for this request is the secretary refused to falsify expense reports for Mitch. In this case, the secretary cannot be fired due to public policy that is an exemption to the doctrine of willful employment. In essence, whatever the secretary was required to do was… Continue Reading...

Theory Vs Practice Explained

theory vs. Practice When it comes to working in any sort of organization or corporation, one of the obvious chasms that becomes clear here is the relationship between theory and what is practiced in a small business setting. To truly look at and assess that paradigm, the author of this report has interviewed an owner/manager at a small business to discuss what they do to make things work, what is suggested in theory and scholarly literature and how those frameworks and lessons do or do not work for… Continue Reading...

Different Theories for Managing Employee Relations

to honor their end of the contract. According to Weber's theory of bureaucracy, there was organized human activity and processes. In order to maintain order and maximize efficiency labor unions could not disrupt the factory operations, and they had to quell any shop floor activism that was taking place. According to Weber, there should be formal rules and regulations in order to ensure uniformity and to regulate the employees' actions. Managers had to rely heavily on the rules to ensure that employees adhere to what is expected of them and there is no conflict. Self-activity was eliminated as unions… Continue Reading...

Best Practices in Supply Chains

precision is less present. 9) Simulation is when a question or theory is tested in a way that is contrived and thus "simulated". It does not always replicate reality in a good way but it can teach lessons in some instances. Chapter Four 1) Buyback should be used when the demand can drop sharply. A payback contract is good when the buyer wants to sell back any excess production. An option contract would be used when a reservation on a product is desired and is secured in the form of a small deposit 2) Since demand grows at a predictable… Continue Reading...

Teacher Performance Assessment

designed to familiarize them with the concepts. Lesson Rationale/Justification Principles of Research/ theory on Learning and Teaching: The inquiry-based learning model is the teaching and learning method applied. The model's nature makes it possible to wholly gauge the intellectual capabilities of each student while improving the student's learning capacity. As a result, application of the inquiry-based learning is able to deepen the understanding of the student through: improving their ability to question, developing their researching and communication skills, improving collaboration outside the classroom setting, improving problem solution, tackle challenges in real life while creating strategies as well as creating and improving concepts… Continue Reading...

Management Vs Leadership Essay

management functions easier by promoting communication and effective influence. The traits theory was often used to predict the potential manifestation of leadership abilities in any given individual. When examining leadership ability in managers, it is important to assess the ability of the manager to promote goal completion among subordinates as well as satisfaction and growth in job related tasks. The chosen organization is Florida Gang Investigators Association and it has a mission statement to intervene, prevent, and enforce suppression against criminal gang activity. "This mission will be carried out through enhanced interagency intelligence exchange, legislative activism, citizen awareness, innovative… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling and Social Work

to dysfunctional behaviors, especially within the couple context. Social work typically uses the person-in-environment (PIE) theory to understand the person and the personal behavior in light of environmental settings in which that individual acts and lives (Hutchinson, 2014). By using the PIE theory in conjunction with the Gottman Method, the social worker may be able to provide a deeper level of assessment that can lead to breakthroughs for the couple. Relational Life Therapy (RLT) is a framework developed by Terry Real and is driven mainly via emotional experience. RLT focuses on the development of insight into existing, dysfunctional behaviors… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Employees

order for the department's objectives to be achieved. The strategies will employ Herzberg Hygiene theory, which debates that two major factors exist that people consider when highly motivated; the factors associated with job satisfaction and those related to job discontent as well as the Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory; "Motivational needs vary from the essential biological needs such as food, air etc. to self-fulfilment". The proposed policies are: Efficient internal interaction and commendation for successful jobs. Information should be concise and understandable when being presented and it also needs to be modified based on the role of its recipient… Continue Reading...

Modern Police Tactics and Tricks

punitive. This makes them part of the community rather than being against it, in theory or in practice. The community would be the non-officers in the community that support (or work against) the police . . . for whatever reasons such as being criminals, not trusting the police, and so forth (RAND). Describe briefly the impact of police-community relations on the police system. The impact to police/community relations on the job of the police is huge. An engaged and trusting community is more likely to work with police, provide tips of crimes and so forth (RAND). Why is feedback… Continue Reading...

Concept Of Judicial Philosophy, Social Security, and Political Realism in the U.s.

and improvements. Moral Idealism vs. Political Realism in the U.S. The theory of moral idealism is a philosophy in which individual rights are regarded as universal, particularly from a moral perspective. In this case, individual rights must be protected regardless of the costs and outcomes of the process. Moral idealists tend to emphasize the existence of natural harmony of people's interests based on the belief that humans are fundamentally uniform (Wilson, 2011). On the contrary, the theory of political realism refers to a political philosophy in which power is considered as the primary or ultimate goal of political action (Moseley, n.d.).… Continue Reading...

Ethical Dilemmas and Ethical Decision Making Framework

B. L., & Huston, C. J. (2009). Leadership Roles and Management Functions in Nursing: theory and Application. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Project Management Institute (n.d.). Ethics in Project Management. Retrieved June 17, 2017, from https://www.pmi.org/about/ethics Vardi, Y., & Weitz, E. (2016). Misbehavior in Organizations: A Dynamic Approach. Routledge. Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

determine the suitable structure that should be used. References Baligh, H. H. (2006). Organization Structures: theory and Design, Analysis and Prescription. Springer Science & Business Media. Buhler, P. M. (2011). Changing organizational structures and their impact on managers. Organizational Change, 72(2), 24-26. Kanten, P., Kanten, S., & Gurlek, M. (2015). The Effects of Organizational Structures and Learning Organization on Job Embeddedness and Individual Adaptive Performance. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 1358 -- 1366. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00523-7 King, G. (1999). The Implications of an Organization's Structure on Whistleblowing. Journal of Business Ethics, 20(4), 315 -- 326. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006028417000 Maguire, E. R. (2012). Organizational Structure in… Continue Reading...

Alcohol Use and Sex Crimes

various methods such as case studies, ethnographic studies, phenomenological studies, grounded theory, narrative and/or content analyses (Neuman, 2009). On the other hand, social science researchers can use quantitative strategies such as observational studies, correlational research, experimental, quasi-experimental and survey designs (Neuman, 2009). While both qualitative and quantitative research questions seek to gain new insights into a given phenomenon, there are also basic differences between the types of data that are used. By definition, quantitative research involves the analysis of numeric data in some form while qualitative research uses words, graphics and other data to formulate answers to guiding research… Continue Reading...

Home Invasion and Crime Spree

was recaptured. He was sentenced to death by electrocution in 1980. The personality theory was the major theory that can explain the factors that pushed both Ted and Jeffery in indulging in serial killing because both the killers had been diagnosed with the multiple personality disorders. Reference Castle, T., & Hensley, C. Serial killers with military experience: Applying learning theory to serial murder. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, (2002). 46(4), 453-465. Daily Mail. 'I thought if I killed myself, I wouldn't meet my family in the afterlife': Home invasion survivor's heartbreaking Oprah interview. (2010). Retrieved June… Continue Reading...

Veterans’ Mental Health Problems and the Affordable Care Act

of Clinical ''Dualism'' Through the Espousal of an All-Inclusive ''Whole Person'' Outlook The aforementioned recommendation is based on the theory of comfort, and concentrates on mental-physical wellbeing integration. Obamacare exemplifies a ''whole individual'' outlook on wellbeing and healing, equally emphasizing the ailing person's psychological and physiological wellness, together with the significance of morale, family, environmental and sociocultural elements (Boudiab & Kolcaba, 2015). The above is partly apparent by Obamacare's provisions addressing equality and the assimilation of culturally-sensitive, cooperative services and by promoting a range of multidisciplinary healthcare coordination which includes transitions entailing career, medical homes and health. These largely reflect… Continue Reading...

Democratic Theory in American Politics

in the distribution of wealth, resources, knowledge, and social status. Contrary to the assertions of democratic theory, policy making on key issues is in reality governed by alliances that comprise elected and unelected individuals and groups (Bartels 1). These individuals and groups have immense power and resources at their disposal, which they use to influence policies and the actions of elected officials. In other words, elected leaders vote to fulfill the interests of certain individuals and groups, not necessarily the average citizen. Disconnect between the wishes of the electorate and the policies that legislators actually push or vote for… Continue Reading...

Child’s Play

most conducive atmosphere for a child growing up, leading to healthy, strong child-parent bonds (Hughes, 2013). Piaget's Cognitive Development theory indicates the toddler under study is in his Preoperational Stage (2-7 years of age). The following chief developmental modifications and traits may be noted: • Commencing symbolical thinking and learning to represent things through the use of images and words. • Egocentricity and a struggle to view things from others' standpoint. • Improved thought processing and language, although they normally continue to think concretely about things. While in case of the child in question, the mainstays of linguistic development might… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

report certain events that are important to crime in America? Give a specific example. Under the theory of learning how does the media play a role? Explain. A term popular to psychologists is "backfire effect" and this explains that normal expressions have a higher probability to be seen as correct by humans as against uncommon expressions. A continuous listening of crime-related news from media houses would lead to total belief and trust in their reports. Factoring in the normal human dread of criminal acts and the mind-set that crime is on the rise and people begin to create opinions… Continue Reading...

Applying Criminology Theory in Iceman

decade back and left behind a self-confession of innumerable murders. The man’s own account and popular theory indicate that he was a happily married man with children who served as a contract killer for New York mobs prior to separating from them and continuing his gruesome work. His victims included acquaintances and friends. Psychiatrists claim he had a tendency to murder those who antagonized him (Anderson). Family Background and Education Born on 11th April, 1935 into a poor Jersey City household to a railroad brakeman (father) and a meat-packing factory worker (mother), Kuklinski demonstrated a preposterous degree of nastiness… Continue Reading...

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan

that actually resulted in the wound or demise of the victim may actually be started by the victim. Lifestyle theory is the second theory. The basis of this theory is that contact with law breakers is significantly caused by the way of living of the law-breaking victim. The third is the Deviant place theory which is another hypothetical basis and it states that the level of exposure of the victim to misconduct and ferocity is determined by their regularity in unsafe localities. Victims lives in communally jumbled, crime prominent localities where they have the highest threat of having interaction… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Business Information Systems

little time to collect data through this process, the quantitative research is appropriate in validating the theory and replicating the research findings. Moreover, the knowledge derived from the quantitative research can be used for the quantitative prediction assisting in enhancing the research validity and credibility. The statistical technique is one of the features of quantitative research that involves analyzing data using the descriptive statistics, and regression analysis with the goal to test the hypothesis. The results will be presented in report, tables and chart. Organization of the Proposal The proposal will be organized as follows: Chapter 1 will discuss… Continue Reading...

Autocratic and Transformation Leadership

given clip from "The Princess Bride" was the contingency model proposed by Fiedler. This theory claims that leadership efficacy is contingent on the circumstance. The theorist posits that group climate ought to be evaluated independently of its leader. Theories classified under this group are founded on the supposition that approaches to leading subordinates are quite inflexible. Hence, it is not likely, (or at least, is extremely hard) for task-focused or dictatorial managers to alter their approach and adopt a more personnel-focused or participative strategy. Thus, this category indicates that to ensure school principal success, Ministry of Education authorities tasked… Continue Reading...

Performance Based Management Synthesis

on those outcomes. PBM processes are ultimately aimed at driving performance. Based on management control theory, PBM is about evaluating outcomes with the aim of creating value for the end consumer and other important stakeholders (Pihl-Thingvad, 2017). PBM processes relate to not only individuals or employees, but also organisational processes (Brudan, 2010). Indeed, performance-based management means that all organisational processes, internally and externally, are pegged on performance or results -- from personnel management to supply chain management. Selviaridis & Wynstram (2015), for instance, demonstrate the relevance of PBM in supplier management. PBM determines aspects such as supplier payment, incentive… Continue Reading...

Media Theory Essay

transforming the relationship between actors and objects in ways that could alter political and social realities. Actor-network theory is an ideal lens and process by which to better understand the complex gamut of cybercrime. Developed initially in the 1980s and solidified in the 1990s, actor-network theory views technology within a social science framework. With actor-network theory, technology and media are both viewed as extensions of social and cultural realities, which is why the theory can potentially offer solutions to the problems of cybercrime. Theoretical Framework Actor-network theory is an ideal framework for studying the causes, mechanisms, and ramifications of… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Simulation Essay

speed. Given that Moore’s law has largely held true since its formulation in 1965 and Church’s theory suggests that it is possible (Churchland & Churchland, 1990), it is certainly conceivable that within a few years artificial intelligence will have advanced to the point where human reasoning can be successfully simulated, and that these applications can “learn” over time and become even more proficient at this type of simulation. There has been some progress made in this area already, with artificial intelligence applications demonstrating “phenomenological equivalence” (Ray, 2011, p. 203). Therefore, the answer to this question does not depend on… Continue Reading...

Torture and Interrogation Essay

interrogational torture is also an important problem in normative political theory.”4  Despite these growing concerns, proponents of the global war on terrorism maintain that the use of torture is justified given the potential for future terrorist attacks on the scale of those of September 11, 2001 and the need to protect the country’s interests at home and abroad. For example, former Vice President Dick Cheney acknowledged in an exit interview that he was directly responsible for authorizing the CIA’s use of torture. When questioned concerning the CIA’s treatment of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, a terrorist suspect incarcerated in a clandestine… Continue Reading...

Performance Management and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

The Extent to Which Motivation theory Underpins Performance Management Systems Performance Management Systems attempt to answer questions about employee work objectives and their overall role within an organization. The performance manager system is designed to assist the manager in developing, assessing and monitoring a plan by which an employee’s contributions to the organizational strategy and strategic objective are identified, measured and reviewed. The questions that the Performance Management System will are: What is the role of the employee? What is the objective of the employee?… Continue Reading...

Human Theory Of Caring

Introduction theory guides practice. This is true of many things, but is especially true of nursing. While many processes, actions, and rules are involved in becoming a great nurse, understanding and applying theory must be the most important aspect. Nursing theory allows for one to examine concepts and then attempt practical application of these concepts when theories are tested. Evidence-based practice for example, is the wonderful lovechild of theory and application in that when theories are constructed, they are then tested, and if they work, are… Continue Reading...

The Origins and Types Of Behavioral Therapy

American Psychological Association. Hayes, S.C. (2004). Acceptance and commitment therapy, relational frame theory, and the third wave of behavioral and cognitive therapies. Behavior Therapy 35, 629-665. Herkov, M. (2016). About Behavior Therapy. Psych Central. Retrieved on November 7, 2017, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/about-behavior-therapy/   Continue Reading...

The Role Of Roy’s Adaptation Model in Nursing Theory

than 37 weeks gestation reduce feeding intolerance? Given the increased prominence of theory-based nursing, identifying an applicable nursing framework is important. One model that can be used in addressing the identified problem is Roy’s adaptation model (RAM). Indeed, RAM is one of the most common nursing models. Essentially, the model emphasises patient adaptation to the environment (Saini et al., 2017). As per the model, the nurse focuses on improving the patient’s ability to interact with the adjacent environment. Viewing the individual as an adaptive system, RAM asserts that the role of the nurse during the care process is to help… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management and Logistics

4-4. Describe the Hierarchical and Matrix Organizational Design. The hierarchical organizational theory has its roots in the command and control of the military institution. In such a structure, decision making and communication follow a top-down pattern. Employees are expected to respond to their supervisors. In a matrix design, employees have cross-functional responsibilities. Therefore, employees report to different supervisors in different departments such as logistics, marketing, and production (Murphy & Knemeyer, 2014). 4-10. Discuss The Reasons Why Logisticians Might Be Concerned With Theft. Theft is a global issue affecting not only logisticians but also business owners and consumers alike.… Continue Reading...

Gaap and Ifrs Convergence Pros and Cons

the same accounting standards, that would reduce the transaction costs associated with the flow of capital. In theory, this would spark an increase in cross-border investment, and that in turn would provide greater opportunity for all companies, by reducing the friction associated with translating and understanding financial statements produced under different standards. While there were over 100 nations using IFRS, the US, Canada, and a few other major industrial nations still used their own set of accounting standards. The US decided that convergence with IFRS would be a positive for the US economy, and began the project. Fundamental Differences… Continue Reading...

Expectancy Theory Of Motivation

Expectancy theory is a main theory for the explanation of how people are motivated. Victor H. Vroom, is one of the leaders that best explain the theory and holds that the main motivation behind reaching a goal for any individual, is a person seeing and experiencing the worth of the goal, believing and witnessing what they are doing will lead to achieving said goal. “people’s motivation towards doing anything will be determined by the value they place on the outcome of their effort, multiplied by the confidence they have… Continue Reading...

Kant and the Question Of Murder

in the Critical Philosophy. Cahn, Steven; Peter Markie. Ethics: History, theory and Contemporary Issues (5th Edition). UK: Oxford University Press, 2011. Kant, Immanuel. Theoretical Philosophy after 1781, edited by Henry Allison, and Peter Heath, Cambridge University Press, 2002. ProQuest Ebook Central. “Kant’s Philosophy of Religion.” Stanford Encyclopedia. Web. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant-religion/   Continue Reading...

Obstacles Of Organizational Development Theorists

public sector organizations do not have continuous improvement and OD theory as part of their inherent worldviews. Bureaucracy rather than what will be more efficient often dictates policy. Government regulations may limit what practitioners can accomplishment, which can frustrate OD specialists. The ability to use a wide array of rewards to motivate employees, including increases in salary to superior workers, may be stymied by government policies. Employees are aware of the fact that promotion is based upon a civil service system or seniority rather than upon demonstrated excellence. Unlike private organizations like Apple, Google, and Facebook which are famous… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Motivation and Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs

Both observation and experiment provided the underpinning for Abraham Maslow’s theory of human motivation. Maslow (1943) posits, “man is a perpetually wanting animal,” leading to the constant striving to fulfill goals (p. 370). If and when anything prevents the fulfillment of a goal—whether the obstacle is internal or external—discomfort or psychopathy can occur (Maslow, 1943). Although Maslow’s original research was conducted decades ago, recent research on motivation and human behavior continues to substantiate Maslow’s core claims. Researchers continue to operationalize Maslow’s definitions of needs and motivation, leading to a strengthening of the original theory and expanded applications in the… Continue Reading...

Karoru Ishikawa Contributions to Quality Control

control, quality assurance, and quality management are taken for granted as essential components of organizational theory and behavior. Although Karoru Ishikawa framed quality control from a Japanese perspective, his suggestions have become entrenched in international business, particularly in manufacturing and industrial engineering sectors. The Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) already had a quality control division in place when Ishikawa joined the organization; yet his contributions to quality control in science and engineering were so tremendous that over 50 scientists at JUSE recently contributed to a book commemorating the Ishikawa. Ishikawa’s primary contributions to quality control include integration… Continue Reading...

Altruism Vs Rands Selfishness

of truth exists in Rand’s concept that the default ethical theory of our society is altruism. This notion is rooted in the longstanding belief that doing things for others is somehow much better than doing something for oneself. In fact, she states that popular conception is that there is a notion of sacrifice which is an integral part of ethical behavior. Sacrificing oneself for others is the core of the idea of altruism. The specific reason the author contends that the default ethical theory for Western society during the 20th century when she was writing is altruism is because… Continue Reading...

Psychology and Behaviorism Essay Outline

Physiological and Behavioral Science, 39(4), 279-294. Green, C. D. (2009). Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution. American Psychologist, 64(2), 75-83. doi: 10.1037/a0013338 Moore, J. (2011). Behaviorism. The Psychological Record, 61(3), 449-464. Watson, J. B. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review, 20(2), 158-177. doi:10.1037/h0074428 Continue Reading...

History Of Psychology Annotated Bibliography

do with the ethical dimensions of all psychological research. Green, C. D. (2009). Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution. American Psychologist, 64(2), 75-83. doi: 10.1037/a0013338 This article focuses on functionalism, a branch of psychology contemporaneous with behaviorism. Functionalism is typically relegated to the history pages of psychology textbooks, or simply described as being the antipode to structuralism as Green (2009) points out. According to the author, functionalism is a lot more important than most historians of psychology give it credit for. One reason is that functionalism was a theoretical extension of Darwinism. As such, functionalism provided the first… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism As a Separate School Of Thought

the scientific method to human behavior, and Pavlov was the first to present the theory of operant conditioning (Clark, 2004). It was Skinner who then added to the field of behaviorism by making it more relevant as a field of psychology. All of these theorists contributed equally to the evolution of behaviorism as a distinct field of research. Behaviorism was soon shown to have pragmatic implications for helping people to learn new habits or get rid of bad habits, or to show how specific phobias might be developed over time. The information learned through behaviorism would later be fully… Continue Reading...

Public Administration and Finance

decision-making and implementation procedures. References Ekstedt, H. (2013). Money in economic theory. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis Group. Holzer, M. & Schwester, R.W. (2011). Public administration – an introduction. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe. Mikesell, J.L. (2011). Fiscal administration: analysis and applications for the public sector (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.   Continue Reading...

Keeping Driving Age at or Above 16 Years Old

thirties, depending on who is offering the ideas or scholarly opinions. However, the part of the theory that is clearly geared towards the topic of this report is the fact that the brains of teens that are entering the driving age realm are clearly still developing. One part of the brain that is still developing at the age of 16 would be the frontal lobe. This is part of the brain that is essential for driving. This confluence of factual information clearly indicates that children at the age of 16 that are driving should be tightly regulated and surveilled.… Continue Reading...

An Effective Strategy in Dealing with People with Mental Disorders

be able to enjoy a meaningful, swift journey that holds regard for theory and practice within any given domain. The institution has cultivated a rich community in which stakeholders, students and educators strive constantly towards improving and excelling. In the learner’s role, I will experience simultaneous development in the areas of research, content, leadership mentoring and expertise, from major stakeholders and ex- students. Social dealings with the new doctoral community will assure development of program life, geography and discipline. This promotes quality evaluation, improvements, and correction in domains where educators may experience concerns. Is psychodynamic/psychoanalytic psychotherapy an effective strategy… Continue Reading...

National Security Impact Of Immigration Policy

a sealing of borders, barring migration for individuals hailing from high- risk foreign territories, and putting a stop to refugee resettlement. theory of Migration Migration represents mankind’s story from the outset to the current age. It has its roots in mankind’s adventure- seeking spirit and quest to follow one’s dreams. The growth in individuals undertaking perilous, cross- border journeys across the globe dates back to the world’s Stone Age. Statistical figures reveal several millions continually moving from their motherland in search of more superior living conditions and opportunities at performing services. Other reasons for migration include societal divide, fear of hunger,… Continue Reading...

Improving Public Relations Between the Police Department and the Citizens

Point of a First Line Police Officer and to Use that Understanding to Develop a theory of Police Officer Stress In seeking to understand job-related stress from the point of view of a first line police officer, it would be prudent to formulate a hypothesis. Stress is in this case taken to be a consequence of both work-related issues and outside-of-work factors. In the society in which we live, stress is commonplace. In essence, it manifests itself in various ways and as a result of factors unique to an individual. Contrary to popular belief, police officers also encounter stressful… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Neo Freudianism

of cultural symbols. However, Hall & Lindzey (1957) also stress Jung’s contributions to personality theory. Not an experimental study, Hall & Lindzey’s (1957) work is meaningful in that it encapsulates the major issues that emerged in the post-Freudian era. This source acknowledges Freud’s contributions to social psychology, which are frequently overlooked. What is interesting about the Hall & Lindzey (1957) analysis is that the authors show how Adler, Fromm, Horney, and Sullivan became interested in humanistic issues like self-realization. The concept of self-realization was only implicit in Freud’s work, which was more focused on the processes and structures of… Continue Reading...

Letter Of Recommendation for Manager

this field of finance. Harvard educated, he has studied substantially on various topics—such as theory of Probability, Statistics for Applications, Stochastic Calculus, Econometrics, Math Topics for Finance, and Analysis. At the Lycée Louis-le-Grand in Paris, France, he studied in mathematics, physics and engineering. His background is deep and he is very knowledgeable and articulates well with regard to a number of areas that have helped us all here at BAM to better do our jobs and act in the best interest of the company and its clients. As an IT Developer and Researcher, Mark helped to introduce new trading… Continue Reading...

Assessments Of Personality Types and Careers

of authority. Also, I like working with data and details, not theory or abstract issues. I prefer concrete evidence. I also prefer having a set routine in my daily life. My interest in enterprising suggests that I do like to take initiative, and have strong leadership potential. Finally, an interest in investigations means that I do like thinking critically and solving problems with the data that I have researched, which is why I selected the three careers that I did. Top three values for me include independence, support, and achievement. Although I do not mind working in an organization… Continue Reading...

Dreams the Unconscious Mind and Defense Mechanisms

Psychodynamic and Psychoanalytic theory suggest that early stages of human development have a significant impact on our relationships and our ego throughout the life span. According to Freudian theories, manifested behavior is based on latent problems of the past. The therapeutic process of psychoanalysis is designed to help the client become aware of past problems or latent desires that have been suppressed during the process of psychological development. Key themes that emerge in the literature on psychoanalytic theory include the role of the unconscious mind in shaping self-concept and behavior, dreams… Continue Reading...

Organizational Analysis for Veterans Health Administration

is noted to have the highest number of employees than all the other elements of VA combined. Human Relations theory Human relations theory is a management approach that is based on the idea that all employees are motivated not only by financial rewards, but by a range of social factors like praise, pride in one's work, a sense of belonging, and feelings of achievement. This theory was developed from empirical studies that were conducted in the 1920s and 1930s. The empirical studies are referred to as the Hawthorne studies because they were developed in the Hawthorne plants in the 1920s… Continue Reading...

Servant Leadership Style and Leadership Philosophy

statement reads as follows: leadership is service to others, not being served. My leadership philosophy is consistent with the theory of servant leadership. Though servant leadership has been in existence for centuries or even millennia, the concept was first described by Robert K. Greenleaf in his 1970 essay “The Servant as Leader”. Greenleaf describes servant leadership as leadership that “begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve, to serve first” (Northouse, 2013, p. 220). A servant leader is consciously or naturally motivated by the need to prioritise the needs of those he/she serves (Greenleaf, 2003). In other words,… Continue Reading...

Parents Sexuality and the Psychoanalysis or Psychodynamic

a previous difficulty at one of the stages of development. Freud’s theory is interesting, certainly, and has its own internal logic. However, Freud’s model is not at all scientific. Freud also focused almost exclusively on male libido, being personally perplexed by female sexual desire and by women in general (“Modules on Freud: On Psychosexual Development,” n.d.). Without any substantial research to back up his theories, Freud’s work remains theoretical. Therefore, I do not necessarily agree with the details of the theory. However, there is no doubt that Freud is correct that the suppression of desire can cause sexual dysfunction. Sexual… Continue Reading...

The Community Aspect Of Business

neighborhood. As Ganescu (2012) notes, corporate social performance from a contingency theory perspective allows one to see how environments impact leadership and organizational achievement—and that argument certainly applies to the case of Wurstkuche in L.A. A quick PESTLE analysis of the setting shows that the environment in the L.A. Arts District was perfect. The politics were liberal and creative. The economic incentive was there: the district was entering into a revitalization phase. The social element expressed a need for this type of business. The technological factor was minimal and provided an escape from the tech-heavy world of the Millennials (but… Continue Reading...

Selingo and Museus College Costs

populations achieve success in college through the theoretical framework of Tinto’s theory. While Selingo aims to discuss the struggles with academic and job success in and after college for students in general, Museus focuses on racially diverse students and what they specifically do in relation to success in college. “provides an overview of alternative culturally relevant frameworks of success that have been generated from the voices of racially diverse communities and proposed to explain success among diverse student populations” (Museus, 2014, p. 189). Overall, both authors aim to understand what can be done to improve success because the current… Continue Reading...

Mainstream Media and Science

the characteristics of my vision of a scientist is having had formulated and developed a scientific theory that had massive impact. A second characteristic of a scientist is someone who is extremely smart and intellectual and lastly I consider scientists to be revolutionary. 3. Which famous people or characters from the media come into your mind? What characteristics do they have in common? With the visualization of the term “science”, there are different famous people and characters from the media that come to mind. One of them is Albert Einstein who is considered to be one of the most… Continue Reading...

Antwone Fisher

they continued into adulthood and have since posed serious challenges (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). Trait theory assessment of Fisher: Trait theorists widely adopt Costa and McCrae’s Five-Factor Model for evaluation; the five elements of this instrument are neuroticism, candidness, amicability, scrupulousness and extraversion (Schultz & Schultz, 2009). Because of his aggression in the face of potential threats, Fisher would display a high ‘neuroticism’ score, in addition to a fairly high ‘openness’ score, since he endeavored to fine-tune his artistic skills and learn Japanese, which suggests a certain degree of creativity in his tough persona. Trait theorists hypothesize that individuals displaying… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Competitive Advantage

Robert Grant’s “The Resource-Based theory of Competitive Advantage: Implications for Strategy Formulation” is about exploiting an organization’s internal resources to propel its business model. The author explores the concept of how by simply assessing and becoming aware of a company’s resources, organizations can use that material to optimize their competitive advantage. The author details this information from a scholarly perspective in which he reveals that this approach was a long neglected one for strategy. Originally, organizations simply focused on the external environment and how best to… Continue Reading...

Clinical Issue in Psychiatric Nursing Practice

(2008). Issues and Trends in Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing. In Psychiatric mental health nursing: an introduction to theory and practice (chap. 2, pp.21-38). Retrieved from http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763744344/44344_ch02_021_038.pdf Bickford, C. J. (Ed.). (2008). Nursing informatics: Scope and standards of practice. Silver Spring, MD: American Nurses Association. Blumenthal, J.A., Smith, P.J. & Hoffman, B.M. (2012, July/August). Is Exercise a Viable Treatment for Depression? ACMS’s Health & Fitness Journal, 16(4), 14-21. Topaz, M. (2013). Invited Editorial: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Nursing Informatics theory: Using the Data- Knowledge- Information-Wisdom Framework to Guide Informatics Research. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics, 17(3). Retrieved from http://ojni.org/issues/?p=2852   Continue Reading...

Psychoanalysis and the Different Types Of Research

memories with deeply rooted emotions attached to them. Therefore, the Freudian theory of psychosexual development can be applied to a contemporary society. The post-modern worldview allows for a considerable degree of nuance in the way Freud’s theories are interpreted and applied to each person. In fact, contemporary researchers have revisited and revised Freud’s theories to synchronize them with postmodern sensibilities and social norms. Tauber (2012), for example, suggests that postmodernism interjects a more optimistic worldview and tenor into Freud’s original theories with “celebration of desire at the expense of reason and sublimation,” (p. 1). Whereas Freud believed that desire… Continue Reading...

A Contingency Model Of Leadership and Follower Self Esteem Leadership

can be crucial aspects in contingency leadership theories such as situational leadership theory, Fiedler’s contingency theory, and path-goal theory. Yun, Cox & Sims’s (2006) findings have important implications for practice. Self leadership is a product of not only the context of leadership (extrinsic factors), but also individual characteristics (intrinsic factors). Accordingly, it is imperative for organisations to cultivate an empowering leadership style, which can in turn enhance self leadership behaviour amongst followers. Empowering leadership is a style of leadership in which leaders empower followers or subordinates to take initiative and to attain high performance. In other words, leaders delegate… Continue Reading...

Criminal Law Cases Analysis

motive in mind. A specific intent crime is one where in theory the mens rea goes beyond the actus reus, in the sense that the defendant has some ulterior purpose in mind. In the case at hand, the actus reus is to infect the three women with the virus with the intention of causing them some suffering and harm. The defendant must not only be shown to have mens rea for causing infection but also a more specific mens rea in the form of causing suffering and harm. Motive remains very essential to prove this kind of case because… Continue Reading...

Achieving Tenure for Professors

this study and the research it entails is underpinned by Critical Race theory. Although this theory encompasses a number of different facets, the most significant one to the article is that racism is institutionalized and considered normal in the United States (Diggs et al, 2009, p. 316). The self-study was supported by both group discussions and individual interviews. What are the main findings? To what extent are they expected or surprising? How so? The main findings were largely expected. They were that race, ethnicity and gender play a substantial role in impacting the ability for minority faculty members to… Continue Reading...

Definition Of Learning

experiences, too. Moreover, there are different types of learning including learning theory, learning by doing, and learning by watching others. The differences between a physical and virtual classroom are minimized through active engagement with the material. All students, no matter whether they are learning online or in a classroom, need to apply themselves. We can also contextualize our knowledge, sharing with other students from around the world instantly to better understand diversity of experiences and points of view. Although the potential to be distracted or to procrastinate may be greater in an online learning environment, all students need to… Continue Reading...

Education Classroom Design and Literacy Development

community” in each classroom (Neff, n.d., p. 1). Vygotsky’s theory undergirds classroom design that “maximizes the learner's ability to interact with each other through discussion, collaboration, and feedback,” (Neff, n.d., p. 1). Discussion is encouraged via the arrangement of seats as well as by scheduled time for interactivity. Collaboration occurs through exercises and pedagogical methods, while feedback can combine feedback from teacher, peers, and self-assessment methods. In addition to social learning theories, constructivism provides a framework for optimal classroom design to stimulate literacy. As Land, Hannafin & Oliver (2012) point out, “shifts in the learning-design-technology landscape required corresponding shifts… Continue Reading...

European Global Perspective

to impose their will on other societies around the world – even the stronger ones.  Human progress should in theory work a lot like economic progress – the greater the diversification of ideas, and ability for different ideas and value systems to compete, the more likely that the optimal system will be the one that rises. It is no stretch to suggest that the paradigm under which European expansion occurred was not just European but religious and male. Thus, while there were some differences between how this expansion was implemented by different European powers, there are many common themes that… Continue Reading...

How Diversity Functions in the Organization

and end up having rapid decision-making processes, whereas cognitive diversity theory holds that some cognitive friction is good for organizations – a multiplicity of viewpoints will result in better decision-making skills overall. These two underlying explanations of how diversity functions within a society are important because they reflect the trade-off with diversity in general, and thus influence how an organization wants to conceptualize diversity. A more homogenous group can work more quickly, with less conflict, but there are situations where more conflict is beneficial because it will overall result in better-decision making. Thus, there is a tendency for people… Continue Reading...

Role Of Privately Owned Media in a Democracy

media plays this role because of its ability to transmit information at scale. In theory, anybody can gather information, but dissemination at scale has until the Internet required a certain amount of capital investment (Coronel, n.d.). First, it was printing presses, then broadcast towers, but there was always some capital investment required. So while information had previously traveled through informal channels (i.e. word of mouth), media allows for the transmission of messages consistently across large audiences. The ability of the media to transmit information at scale also gives it considerable power. Consistent messaging at scale allows for ideas to… Continue Reading...

Michelangelo and the Sistine Chapel

that the woman may very well be the virgin Mary with her child Jesus.[footnoteRef:3] This theory may be more appropiate, as one can see that the child is looking away from the interaction between God and Adam, as though knowing the sacrificial role he himself will have to play in making things right again. [2: Leo Steinberg, “Eve's idle hand.” Art Journal 35, no. 2 (1975): 130.] [3: Leo Steinberg, “Who's Who in Michelangelo's Creation of Adam: A Chronology of the Picture's Reluctant Self-Revelation.” The Art Bulletin 74, no. 4 (1992): 552.] Finally, the focal point of the painting is what really gives… Continue Reading...

Reminiscing on My Teens

at the time. The best way to categorize this environment is in accordance to Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory, which includes a number of different stratifications for a child’s milieu. Contextualizing my teenage years through this psychological lens, as well as others such as social learning theory andPiaget’s childhood cognitive development theory, I am able to clearly explain certain facets of my behavior and personality traits. The crux of Bronfenbreener’s ecological systems theory is that there are a number of subtle layers to the overall ecology which influences people as they mature and age. The first of these is the… Continue Reading...

Reflection and Research Essay on Augustine: Saint Augustine on Evil

Views on Catastrophes." Catastrophes, 2015, 1-14.] In contrast, the philosophical theory on the origin of evil I have outlined acknowledges that other factors inform the choices of people in their free will[footnoteRef:6]. Free will is not entirely free since it is influenced by a combination of other factors. The most fundamental factor that affects choices in free will relates to knowledge. People make choices depending on what they know or what they do not know[footnoteRef:7]. Therefore, knowledge is a factor that drives the choice of good or evil in free will. [6: Melchert, Norman. The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction… Continue Reading...

Cell Phones Can Cause Cancer

I tend to look for facts that will support that theory. So it could be argued that my use of the articles published by the researchers cited herein was just an example of my confirmation bias. However, if you wanted to think that, you would still have to prove that what is shown in the articles is not true or meaningful in any way, shape or form—and that cannot be done. So I do not believe the biases created a barrier to my thinking. My own background shaped the way I felt about the topic I presented in the… Continue Reading...

The Tourism Industry in Mexico

how great their experience was and help boost the local economy. It sounds great in theory, but the reality is that the development of new roads to support the growing tourism industry means that the region is changing and losing its native color and character. New immigrants are arriving and the traditions and customs and memories that made Oaxaca special and unique will soon be gone. Whenever the tourism industry arrives, it alters the region and spoils it. At first it seems like everything will be good, but “we in Oaxaca can feel that the spell is breaking,” as… Continue Reading...

Behaviorism and Neo Behaviorism Approaches

most important neo-behaviorists who not only refuted Hull’s efforts to develop formal theory and returned to John Watson’s of developing science based on observation of behavior (Weidman, n.d.). Watson introduced the concept of classical behaviorism that focuses on stimulus-response behaviors on the premise that all behaviors are influenced by interactions with the environment. Watson’s classical conditioning focuses on creating a link between a naturally existing stimulus and a past neutral stimulus. On the contrary, Skinner introduced the concept of radical behaviorism, which postulates that the main aim of psychology should be to forecast and control behavior. He also introduced… Continue Reading...

The Organization and Structure Of Fire Department

department will be structured in a way that combines the best of new management theory with the best that the paramilitary model has to offer. As Carter (2015) points out, job definition is extremely important in fire departments: “we break our fire department down into such functions as engine and truck companies, fire prevention and public education planning, service and staff functions.” Given this, the structure of the proposed fire department will reflect the different roles the department plays in the community. Fire chiefs will remain in key positions of leadership. However, it is recommended strongly that two new… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

Psychology. Terry, P.C., & Karageorghis, C.I. (2006). Psychophysical effects of music in sport and exercise: An update on theory, research and application. In M. Katsikitis (Ed.), Psychology bridging the Tasman: Science, culture and practice – Proceedings of the 2006 Joint Conference of the Australian Psychological Society and the New Zealand Psychological Society (pp. 415-419). Melbourne, VIC: Australian Psychological Society.   Continue Reading...

Bin Laden Al Qaeda Financing Crime

terrorist financing. Political Science Quarterly 121(4): 569-596. Freeman, M. (2010). The sources of terrorist financing: theory and typology. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 34(6): 461-475. Jacobson, M. (2009). Terrorist financing and the internet. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 33(4): 353-363. Naylor, R.T. (2004). Wages of Crime. Cornell University. Schaefer, S. (2003). The wages of terror, an interview with R.T. Naylor. Counter Punch.https://www.counterpunch.org/2003/06/20/the-wages-of-terror-an-interview-with-r-t-naylor/ Zdanowicz, J.S. (2004). Detecting money laundering and terrorist financing via data mining. Communications of the ACM 47(5):http://www2.econ.uu.nl/users/unger/papers/Zdanowicz%202.pdf Continue Reading...

Strategies to Enhance Patient Satisfaction

Application: Systems theory Healthcare organizations provide nursing services centered on multiple theories. For instance, the Open Systems theory established in 1978 by Katz and Kahn considers the healthcare organization as social systems divided into interconnected subsystems (Meyer & O’Brien-Pallas, 2010). Meyers and O’Brien-Pallas (2010) provide that these interrelated subsystems include outputs, throughputs, inputs, negative feedbacks and a cycle of events. The primary care hospital environment has various units that handle different cases including the intensive care, intermediate care, medical-surgery, emergency department (ED)… Continue Reading...

Proposed Immigration Bill

as well. The previous system has unfairly created a class-based theory of immigration, whereas this new bill empowers all people to achieve their goals. Likewise, the BEST part of this bill is Section M, which allocates funds to immigrant integration programs. Language classes, social meetups, and networking opportunities will ensure the success of all immigrants. We also agree to the provision lifting the limitations on any country-specific quota, which is an unethical and immoral reference to a racist and colonial past. We need more STEM workers badly, and this provision benefits all Americans by raising the bar for our… Continue Reading...

Tools for Organization Development and Change

the tools needed to make organization development and change possible. theory and strategy are two primary tools needed for organization development and change. theory and strategy provide the support and framework for the change management and culture building process, and they can consist of various approaches to the issue: there theories like appreciative inquiry, experiential learning theory, intentional change theory, and more; there are strategy development techniques that strategic swarming and Three Horizons (Camp, 2012). theory helps to give a basis of understanding about how the organization development process should be perceived, and the strategy helps to give a basis… Continue Reading...

Historical Perspective on Supervision

not only from supervision to assessment and evaluation, but also from teaching methods to student achievement. References Dewey, J. (1938). The theory of inquiry. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Wiston. Lewis, H., & Leps, J. M. (1946). When principals supervise. Educational Leadership, 3(4), 160-163. Melchior, W. T. (1950). Instructional supervision: a guide to modern practice. Heath. Spaulding, F. E. (1955). School superintendent in action in five cities. RR Smith. Sullivan, S., & Glanz, J. (2005). Supervision that improves teaching: Strategies and techniques. Corwin Press. Sullivan, S., & Glanz, J. (2013). Supervision that improves teaching and learning: Strategies and techniques. Corwin Press. Swearingen, M. (1946). Looking at supervision. Educational Leadership, 3(4),… Continue Reading...

The U.s Economy and Health Care

better information than they have in the past. This theory relies on education as the cornerstone of prevention efforts, especially where lifestyle habits come into play. Huang, Wang and Wang (2017) also argue in favor of prevention as a means of cutting health care costs, which is why prevention was one of the important, but seldom-discussed elements of the ACA. Societies that focus more on preventative health tend to have lower overall healthcare expenditures than those that approach healthcare from more of the break-fix model as in America. Fuchs makes a different case, that there are situations where the… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

How can Deci and Ryan's (2008) self-determination theory assist individuals in their personal or professional goals? Deci & Ryan’s (2008) self-determination theory is a theory of motivation that can help individuals set and achieve personal and professional goals. The theory can be applied to almost every area of life, including health choices or interpersonal relationships. One of the most unique features of self-determination theory is that it can be adapted to different applications. As Deci & Ryan (2008) show, self-determination theory distinguishes between different types of motivation including autonomous motivation and controlled motivation. Self-determination… Continue Reading...

Freeman Brown Private System

financial security or growth a factor of motivation for the employees during closure. For the human relations theory of management, productivity is the key factor for decision making – and people are the resources to ensure good quality of production (Perry, 2017). Hence, according to this theory, people want to be part of a system that is encouraging, participatory, supportive, allows development and showcases value for good work (Schermerhorn, 2014). Good quality or productivity is dependent upon high morale of employees. Keeping this approach in mind we can analyse FBPS and how it handled its relationship with the stakeholders during… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Meditation on Addiction Therapy

the studies reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question developed The mindfulness meditation theory appears to have the potential to treat addictive disorder patients. Zgierska and coworkers (2009) state that such models seem to be safe if implemented within the context of clinical studies. One can find considerable methodological shortcomings in a majority of existing works on the subject. Further, which addiction-diagnosed individuals may derive maximum benefits out of mindfulness meditation isn’t clear. But, of late, related initiatives and practices in the role of complementary clinical aids for treating multiple physical and psychological ailments have grown in… Continue Reading...

Is Nursing Theory Important to Profession

Although ultimately nursing is about patient care, theory is ultimately what guides best practices, ensures consistency of care across multiple modalities, and also informs how nurses view themselves, their colleagues, and their role in healthcare. Nursing theory might seem like an abstract issue, but throughout the history of the profession, nurses have consistently demonstrated the importance of clarifying their theoretical perspectives and nursing philosophies. Nursing theory is important to the nursing profession because theory undergirds practice. Research shows how important nursing theory is for nurse education. One Finnish study shows that an empathic and caring nursing… Continue Reading...

Economic Impact Australian Mining Boom

to the positioning of a new equilibrium price. The comparative theory best explains the exportation of minerals by Australia and the importation of other commodities from other nations. In this regard, Australia is considered to have a comparative advantage in the production of minerals because it can produce minerals at a relatively lower opportunity cost compared to China. Another aspect that was influenced during the mining boom is the minimum wage. In the period, the minimum wage increased and in 2010 the policy set the price at $15. The marginal revenue product curves provides insight as to how much… Continue Reading...

Nursing Theory Importance

It is important to understand nursing theory for a couple of reasons. The first is that nursing theory forms the basis for how the nursing role has evolved in health care today. There is a saying that in order to understand where one is going, it is necessary to understand where one has been. For this reason alone, it is important to understand how nursing theory has evolved over time, and how nurses today see their roles, and how those roles fit within the greater context of the health… Continue Reading...

Adidas Market Entry

F. (1993-1994) The invisibility of the transnational corporation: An analysis of international law and legal theory. University of Melbourne Law Review. Vol. 19, 893-923. Nachum, L. & Song, S. (2011). The MNE as a portfolio: Interdependencies in MNE growth trajectory. Journal of International Business Studies. Vol. 42 (3) 381-405. Tregakis, O, Edwards, T., Edwards, P., Ferner, A. & Marginson, P. (2010). Transnational learning structures in multicultural firms: Organizational context and national embeddedness. Human Relations. Vol. 63 (4) 471-499. Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Mission Vision and Values

about money." Of these elements, the second is really the one that matters most. Coca-Cola could in theory change its business away from beverages. The third element of the mission statement is a combination of the obvious and the banal. Really the focus on optimism and happiness is the only valuable element. This is not something normally seen in a mission statement, but it reflects directly not just on brand personality but on organizational culture. That can be quite meaningful to people, not just in their duties, but across the company as well. A mission statement, to have value, should… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Of Educational Leadership

level of self-actualization, as Maslow (1943) showed in his theory of the hierarchy of needs. Self-actualized human beings are motivated, inspired, confident, capable, determined, focused, and honed in achieving their goals. Leadership is needed along the way to ensure that people’s needs are met so that they can work their way up the ladder (Lazaroiu, 2015). Leadership Practice For me, servant leadership is a style of leadership that I feel best helps to empower followers. The essence of servant leadership is that it puts others’ needs before your own. A servant leader is has the concept of Christ always… Continue Reading...

Preaching James and Related to Poverty

naive sympathy for armed uprisings in the passage about violence and inequality, it is true that conflict theory and strain theory do account for the motivation that leads people to commit heinous deeds. Desperation, poverty, and systematic disenfranchisement causes animosity, which is exactly what James was trying to say. The poor are those who have been systematically deprived of access to power. The burden now falls upon those who have power, those who can help others in need. A preacher can inspire each person, each member of the congregation, to discover individual talents and apply those talents to helping… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

2014). Motivated by the desire to showcase stereotypical masculine behavior, police officers might use violence. Self-determination theory shows how behavioral concepts can be used to show how police might develop intrinsic motivation to behave in certain ways. Basic operant conditioning is extrinsic motivation: the reward versus punishment method of learning. When a person is motivated not by things external to them like rewards and punishment, but by internal values, they act autonomously (Deci & Ryan, 2008). Although cultivating autonomous motivation is psychologically beneficial and can be used to motivate employees, it may also be far more difficult to change… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Analysis

concept was proposed in the year 1979, Porter’s 5 Forces theory has remained the de-facto industrial analysis basis, with market competitiveness gauged by deducing market attractiveness. Conclusions from this assessment help ascertain extant and imminent industry risks for a given firm. Porter’s 5 forces are as follows: (1) Threat of Fresh Entrants, (2) Competition between Extant Companies, (3) Threat of Substitutes, (3) Suppliers’ Bargaining Power, and (4) Buyers’ Bargaining Power. The Coca-Cola brand’s 5 Forces analysis (Valuation Academy, 2018): Threat of New Entrants/Potential Competitors: Medium Pressure The beverage sector has fairly low obstacles to entry owing to the lack… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

by which they will evaluate employee behavior and workplace conditions. The theory of Maslow’s (1943) Hierarchy of Needs, for example, presents an order of needs that humans must have met before they can become self-actualized. Using a theoretical framework such as this will give leaders a way to focus attention, in this case, on ensuring that worker needs are being met so that organizational behavior can be optimized and both worker and patient satisfaction achieved. Leadership can be an important approach to the issue of organizational behavior as well, since leaders are the ones tasked with inspiring, motivating, and… Continue Reading...

West Coast Transit Case Study

Denson must be more proactively listening and expressing his emotional support. Motivation Issues and Theories Motivation theory is based on a number of works by scholars in the past. Maslow’s (1943) hierarchy of needs, for instance, posits that when individual’s basic needs are met first, they can climb to a level of self-actualization that is more conducive with achieving goals. Schyns and Schilling (2013) illustrate that employees are also motivated by managers who are positive, supportive and friendly. Motivation theory holds that by motivating persons by first providing for their basic needs, they can become self-sufficient and honed in on achieving… Continue Reading...

Why Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cbt Effective?

conduct and improved coping (Gatchel & Rollings, 2008). In keeping with the psychiatric medical theory, CBT’s efficacy, on the whole, is governed by its ability to alleviate symptoms and the ailment in general, and improve functioning. For attaining the above objective, clients are engaged actively in a concerted process of issue resolution for testing and challenging maladaptive cognitions’ validity and amending maladaptive behavior trends (Hofmann et al. 2012) In a nonclinical sense, how can CBT or behavior analysis help a learner succeed? Behavioral assessment facilitates a grasp of the fact that CBT’s underlying principle is: environmental elements have no part… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

pathways like prenatal diet, fetal metabolic programing, postnatal development, breast-feeding, infancy/toddlerhood behavior and adiposity rebound. The life-course theory’s abstract foundation stresses illness and health’s developmental origins, concentrating especially on long-run health impacts of fetal and babyhood exposures (Hu, 2008). Of late, one can witness the alarming issue of the childhood obesity pandemic. It is alarming due to the fact that it has short- as well as long- run negative impacts. Risk factor determination forms the main solution to preventing it. While scant literature on childhood obesity risk factors can be found, experts are becoming increasingly aware of the significance… Continue Reading...

How Obesity Affects Epidemiology

has been designed to analyze macro as well as micro environmental obesogenic aspects (Drucquer, 2007). References Drucquer, N. (2007). theory and Research in Promoting Public Health?Edited by Sarah Earle, Cathy E. Lloyd, Moyra Sidell and Sue Spurr and Health Promotion Practice: Building Empowered Communities?By Glenn Laverack. Health & Social Care in the Community, 15(6), 605-606. Egger, G., Swinburn, B., & Rossner, S. (2003). Dusting off the epidemiological triad: could it work with obesity?. Obesity reviews, 4(2), 115-119. Hu, F. (2008). Obesity epidemiology. Oxford University Press. Korbonits, M. (2008). Obesity and metabolism. Basel: Karger. Mela, D (2005). Food, diet and obesity. Elsevier. Continue Reading...

Consumer Behavior and Puffed Rice

272-282. Smith, J. B., & Colgate, M. (2007). Customer value creation: a practical framework. Journal of marketing theory and Practice, 15(1), 7-23. Tversky, A. (2003). Elimination by aspects: A theory of choice. Preference, Belief, and Similarity: selected writings, 463. Appendix Consumer Description Aisle Decision Making Factor A1 Elderly Man Baking Walked to and fro across the aisle several times. Found the product on sale and decided to add it to his shopping cart. A2 Young Couple Baking Extremely health- conscious yet cost-driven. Didn’t look at any brand of flour except those that were gluten free and organic. Paid attention to promotions on these healthy… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

personality diversity and organizational objectives. This article first outlines various theories of organizational psychology including job demands-resources theory, which shows how top-level management decisions can mitigate the detrimental effects of personality diversity on organizational commitment. At the same time, employee commitment can positively enhance team cohesion and the ability for teams to achieve their own and the organization’s main goals. Job crafting, the bottom-up, employee-driven behaviors, are linked with reduced stress, reduced rates of burnout, and greater work engagement, according to the author. The implications of recent research on team diversity and achievement of organizational goals are to help… Continue Reading...

Margaret Newman\'s Theory Of Health

stated that “health is the expansion of consciousness” in 1983 (Nursing Theories, 2011). Over the years she refined this theory in order to help explain the core ideas that support it. This paper will explain the theory, critique it, and supply answers from articles about the theory. It will also include an overview that explains the main point of the theory and use non-theoretical terms to explain the theory’s overall goal for nursing and core ideas. Newman’s theory developed from the theory of unitary human beings put forward by Rogers—namely that “man is a unified whole possessing his own… Continue Reading...

Teaching Using Multiple Intelligence

A. R., Seman, A. A., Awang, M. M., & Sulaiman, F. (2014). Application of multiple intelligence theory to increase student motivation in learning history. Asian Culture and History, 7(1), 210. Ba?, G., & Beyhab, Ö. (2017). Effects of multiple intelligences supported project-based learning on students’ achievement levels and attitudes towards English lesson. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2(3), 365-386. Hanafin, J. (2014). Multiple intelligences theory, action research, and teacher professional development: The Irish MI project. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 39(4), 126-141. Lai, H.-Y., & Yap, S.-L. (2016). Application of Multiple Intelligence theory in the Assessment for Learning… Continue Reading...

Nursing Mindfulness and Its Impact

clinical setting that diminishes risk such as mindfulness meditation. Summary of Literature Review The mindfulness meditation theory is deemed to the most prospective one in treating addictive disorder patients. The safety of these models is guaranteed if carried out in the framework of clinical studies. In recent periods, associated interventions together with practices in the role of corresponding clinical aid for the treatment of several mental and physical sicknesses have become more popular. In particular, two of the practices that have been analyzed include the mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) having all-encompassing participants demonstrating that they are… Continue Reading...

Media\'s Role in Defining Gender

to be produced in our era. From a feminist theory point of view, mass media is culpable for engendering stereotypes that reduce women to roles of subservience and of little importance in society, and this contributes to male-oriented hegemonies being perpetuated in modern culture. I would say, however, that today TV is far more representative of women than it was in the 1970s when Tuchman wrote the article. In the article entitled “Gender and the Media” it is shown that over the decades, the media has been responsible for projecting images and portrayals of gender that have informed generations… Continue Reading...

Morality Relativism and Beliefs

of ‘happiness’ and the human condition.” Educational Philosophy and theory, 45(5), 509-515. Goodman, L. (2010). Some moral minima. The Good Society, 19(1), 87-94. Midgely, M. (1981). Trying out one’s new sword. Chapter Three: Ethical Relativism, 159-165. Rachels, J. (1999). The challenge of cultural relativism. In Elements of Moral Philosophy. NY: McGraw-Hill. Continue Reading...

Anne Mulcahy Leadership Style

paper will discuss her leadership style and leadership attributes that can be effective in today’s business environment. The leadership theory that best describes Mulcahy’s approach to leading people is authentic leadership theory, which posits that leaders who are honest, open, “real,” and trustworthy can have the most positive impact on an organization. For Mulcahy, her character and experience were two of her biggest assets. Prior to being welcomed in as CEO at Xerox, she had headed the company’s HR department—not exactly a place where CEOs are groomed. However, because of her integrity, organizational skills, and openness, she attracted the right… Continue Reading...

Du Bois Vs John Lennon Sociology

system which conspires to ensure that they cannot win, no matter what. A number of modern sociological theories, including conflict theory and labeling theory, validate Lennon’s song. Conflict theory suggests that society is in an internal power struggle between different class interests; labeling theory suggests that labeling certain individuals as deviant causes a cycle whereby they feel they have no recourse other than to behave in a deviant manner, thus reaffirming their marginalized identity. The concept of a working class hero in Lennon’s song is ironic, because no member of the working class is truly allowed to be heroic based… Continue Reading...

Eating Disorders in Women from the Christian Point Of View

can cause and emanate from the disorder. Theoretical Approaches Typical theoretical approaches to understanding eating disorders include: sociological/environmental theory, family systems theory, and psychogenetic theory. Sociological/environmental theory posits that women suffer from eating disorders as a result of social pressure put on them by media publications of idealized figures of womanhood that emphasize body image (instead of virtue, which is more in line with the Christian perspective). Family systems theory posits that individuals are not acting independently on their own but rather as a result of and in response to complex familial issues and interactions that are part of a family… Continue Reading...

Sex and Gender in Media

gender in various texts. We learn about content analysis, semiotics, ideological critique, discourse analysis and discourse theory. We also come to know about postmodernism, postcolonial theory and queer theory—all of which can help to explain how things are the way they are and why people communicate, act and express themselves through their actions in particular manners. For example, what can be learned from analyzing the number of times a female news interviewee is interrupted compared to the number of times a male news interviewee is interrupted? What does the media tell us about gender? These theoretical and methodological approaches… Continue Reading...

Health Information Systems Assessment

Information Systems and Technology. Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Learning Bringham, E. & Ehrhardt, M. (2007). Financial Management: theory and Practice (12th ed.). Mason, OH: Thomson Higher Education. Chandra, P. (2008). Financial Management (7th ed.). Bangalore: Tata McGraw Hill. Porter, G. & Norton, C. (2007). Using Financial Accounting Information: The Alternative to Debits and Credits (5th ed.). Mason, OH: Cengage Learning. Shekelle, P., Morton, S.C. & Keeler, E.B. (2006). Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments: AHRQ Evidence Reports (No. 132). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US) Continue Reading...

Climate Change and Corporate Environmental Policies

and climate change: The allocation of emission rights. Analyse & Kritik: Journal of Philosophy and Social theory, 28(2), 223-249. Poore, R.Z., Williams, R.S., Jr., and Tracey, C. (2000). Sea level and climate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 002–00, 2. Retrieved from https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs2-00/ Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Csr and Employee Attitudes Essay

of Marketing, 70, 1-18. Miles, S. & Friedman, A. (2002). Developing Stakeholder theory. Journal of Management Studies, 39(1), 1-21. Natarajan, T., Balasubramaniam, S. A., & Srinivasan, T. (2016). Relationship between Internal Branding, Employee Brand and Brand Endorsement. International Journal of Business and Management, 12(1), 95. Nyadzayo, M. W., Matanda, M. J., & Ewing, M. T. (2015). The impact of franchisor support, brand commitment, brand citizenship behavior, and franchisee experience on franchisee-perceived brand image. Journal of Business Research, 68(9), 1886-1894. Neckermann, S. & Frey, B. (2013). And the winner is…? The motivating power of employee awards. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 46, 66-77. Pearce, J. &… Continue Reading...

Domestic Violence and the Effect on Children

from what has been identified as internal strain. According to strain theory, Sophia was a victim of an environment that had been rife with conflict and, unable to process that conflict in a healthy way, she lashed out at every new environment that she encountered. Sophia did not begin to turn her life around in a more positive direction until she came into contact with Life Space Crisis Intervention, an after-school program designed to help children from troubled backgrounds and give them the tools to help them develop positive traits, confidence, self-esteem and the capacity to achieve self-actualization. By… Continue Reading...

The Good and the Bad Of Capitalism

arise - and there is no way equilibrium could be attained. In basic terms, according to the labor theory of value, a specified good’s value is fixed or ascertained not by way of the ability of the said good to satisfy a specified want, but by the labor it takes to procure it. How accurate is this theory? It should be noted that his theory, in essence, ignores consumer preferences. In my opinion, consumer preferences are a key factor in the determination of a specific good’s economic value. The relevance of their ‘vote’ cannot be overstated. Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams

was not intuitive for the subjects. It also used grounded theory analysis and coding of different transcripts of team interactions to study how trust-building is conducted on virtual teams. Questions: · Are webcams an adequate replacement for the value of face-to-face discussions and under what conditions? · What other technological methods exist to humanize interactions between virtual team members? Continue Reading...

Social Construction Theories on Serial Killers

establishing a theoretic basis to explain sociological factors proves crucial to distinguishing between fact and fiction (Hickey, 2013). Social Structure theory This class of theories concentrates on the socioeconomic status of a person and suggests that the poor perpetrate more offenses owing to their struggle to achieve social or monetary success. They are, particularly owing to their subcultural, racial, or ethnic status, restricted in several ways from lawfully attaining the great “American Dream". Thus, they resort to deviant techniques to succeed. Structural theories provide convincing justifications for numerous offenses, with the exception of serial killing. Normally, serial killers lack financial… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Social Media on Teenage Girls

will take a social constructivism stance. This type of design refers to a sociological theory of understanding and perspective where human development is based and connected via engagement with other humans, as noted by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann. The specific research design will be an interview format, with each participant being interviewed on camera in a one-on-one format. This method of data collection will go hand in hand with the grounded theory that the research is centered in. Grounded theory will ensure that all interpretations emerge from the exact data collected. The interview process will help refine the… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

immigrants are more educated and knowledgeable compared to their UK-born workers. In accordance to economic theory, a surplus in the level of immigration, emanating from the inflow of labour in the market, is delineated as an advantage and gain in national income accumulating to natives. When immigration related to work tales place, transforming the skills composition of the labour market, it is projected that national income is bound to increase (Home Report, 2014). In the course of strong economic growth in the UK, migration played a fundamental role in filling gaps within the labour market. This facilitates an increase… Continue Reading...

Utilitarianism and Environmentalism in Ethics

environmentally conscious policies, business practices, and personal behaviors can be viewed in utilitarian terms. Explanation of theory Utilitarianism is a consequentialist ethical theory, which essentially means that its proponents focus more on the consequences of actions than on the motivations for the actions (Haines, n.d.). There are several types of utilitarianism, including act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism suggests that any act is morally right when it leads to consequences that are better than (or no worse than) any other potential action (Singer, 2003). Rule consequentialism suggests that any act is morally right when it follows the rules that reflect the… Continue Reading...

Personal Leadership Development Plan

leadership development plan is based my intention to use transformational leadership theory to promote healthcare-eldercare advocacy in my organizational behavior. As Shanks and Buchbinder (2012) show, “leadership development includes both formal and informal efforts” (p. 279). Completing courses online or at a university are formal ways to develop one’s leadership skills, while informal efforts can include anything from mentoring others to coaching and guiding staff members in new tasks or cross-discipline work. No matter the method employed, a personal leadership development plan should utilize a strategy for maximizing leadership effectiveness by implementing an appropriate theoretical support for the plan,… Continue Reading...

Organizational Behavior

when things became overwhelming. This paper will describe the organizational behavior of this department and show how factors like theory, emotional intelligence, and the relationship between employee and organizational behavior (as represented by management) were manifested. Employee Behavior and Organizational Behavior As Schyns and Schilling (2013) note, bad leaders and managers are individuals who do not take an interest in their employees or who do not engage with them on civil or sympathetic terms. They lack empathy, integrity or interest in their work. They bring negative stimuli to the workplace instead of positive stimuli. The effect of their influences… Continue Reading...

Globalization and Neoliberalism Pros and Cons

fails to provide any empirical evidence to support this claim, instead offering the reader an abundance of theory. An angry tone and a lack of concessions detract from the author’s overall argument, but the author makes some sound points. The main points of the anti-globalization perspective center on the notion that almost all neoliberal policies that sustain globalization and free trade are designed to benefit corporations and centralize capital accumulation rather than distribute profits equitably to achieve goals of global equality. Capitalism and neoliberalism also undermine the power of governments to provide sustainable growth policies domestically, as governments collude… Continue Reading...

How the Internet Has Changed Society

Rodríguez-De-Dios, I. (2018). Identity-related implications of the dissemination of cultural heritage through the Internet: A study based on Framing theory. Communication and Society 31(1): 1-21. Rainie, L. & Anderson, J. (2017). The Internet of things connectivity binge. Pew Research Center. http://www.pewinternet.org/2017/06/06/the-internet-of-things-connectivity-binge-what-are-the-implications/ Zhang, Y., Tu, B. & Kim, T. (2017). A comparative analysis of internet law in developed countries: implications for China. The Korean Journal of Security Affairs (KJSA) 22(2)http://www.papersearch.net/thesis/article.asp?key=3570023 Continue Reading...

Virtual Team Theories and Research

rather than it will be something that happens every time. Many people familiar with sociology, management theory and other such spheres know this implicitly. However, it is still wise to be precise and ensure that there are limitations and scopes to any theory, whatever it may be. References Brown, H. G., Scott-Poole, M., & Rodgers, T. L. (2004). Interpersonal Traits, Complementarity, and Trust in Virtual Collaboration. Journal of Management Information Systems, 20(4), 115-137.  Krumm, S., Terwiel, K., & Hertel, G. (2013). Challenges in norm formation and adherence: The knowledge, skills, and ability requirements of virtual and traditional cross-cultural teams. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 12(1),… Continue Reading...

Organizational Diagnostic Models Jakks Pacific

I have pointed out elsewhere in this text. References Burke, W.W. (2010). Organizational Change: theory and Practice (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: SAGE. Cummings, T.G. & Worley, C.G. (2014). Organizational Development and Change (10th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning. Falletta, S.V. (2005). Organizational Diagnostic Models: A Review & Synthesis. Sunnyvale, CA: Leadersphere, Inc. Harrison, M.I. (2005). Diagnosing Organizations: Methods, Models, and Processes (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: SAGE. Hung, P.C. (Ed.). (2015). Mobile Services for Toy Computing. New York, NY: Springer. Parr, R.L. & Smith, G.V. (2015). Intellectual Property: Valuation, Exploitation, and Infringement Damages 2015 Cumulative Supplement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. Continue Reading...

Grounded Theory and Ethnography in Doctoral

the researcher. Five of the main approaches to qualitative research design include narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies (Creswell & Poth, 2018). This paper will focus exclusively on two of those qualitative research designs, grounded theory and ethnography, to showcase the strengths and weaknesses of each. Grounded theory and ethnography are similar designs and approaches to research questions. Even some of their methodological considerations are alike, particularly in that both grounded theory and ethnography use observation as the primary tool of data collection (Najafi, Roudsari, Ebrahimipour, et al, 2016). Therefore, clarifying the differences between grounded theoryContinue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

(2004). Concepts of healing and models of care. https://www.med.unc.edu/phyrehab/pim/files/Concepts%20of%20Healing.pdf Henriques, G. (2015). The biopsychosocial model and its limitations. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ theory-knowledge/201510/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-its-limitations Sakallaris, B.R., MacAllister, L., Voss, M., et al (2015). Optimal healing environments. Global Advances in Health and Medicine 4(3): 40-45. University of Maryland Medical Center (2018). Mind-body medicine. https://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/treatment/mindbody-medicine   Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

Concepts of healing and models of care. https://www.med.unc.edu/phyrehab/pim/files/Concepts%20of%20Healing.pdf Henriques, G. (2015). The biopsychosocial model and its limitations. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ theory-knowledge/201510/the-biopsychosocial-model-and-its-limitations Sakallaris, B.R., MacAllister, L., Voss, M., et al (2015). Optimal healing environments. Global Advances in Health and Medicine 4(3): 40-45. University of Maryland Medical Center (2018). Mind-body medicine. https://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/treatment/mindbody-medicine   Continue Reading...

H&m Trade Comparative Advantages

little argument for an OPT in the sense that such deals are not supported by trade theory, that free trade should be fostered. However, there are specific political and social goals that the EU is serving with the OPT policy. For one, it staunches the flow of low-skilled labor from poorer EU nations into wealthier ones, which will help those countries maintain a greater degree of fiscal and social stability. Further, OPT helps the new EU member win immediate gains from membership, something that is likely to bolster political support for the EU in that nation, and likely others… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Immigrants on the Uk Economy

of native-born, but found that this was not the case. The arrived at a new theory, which is that these two labour pools are poor substitutes, and that the arrival of more educated immigrants had a much stronger impact on the wages of other educated immigrants than on the wages of native-born. They could have also explored a different hypothesis as well, which is that the arrival of educated immigrants leads to greater job creation; the highly educated are more likely to start their own company if they cannot find work, than to go on the dole, and when… Continue Reading...

Research Design in Psychology

that they are limited; they are necessarily generalizable to theory. For instance, performance on an IQ test cannot be used to predict global intelligence, social skills, or reading intelligence. References “Conducting Research in Social Psychology,” (n.d.). http://open.lib.umn.edu/socialpsychology/chapter/1-3-conducting-research-in-social-psychology/ Legg, S. & Hutter, M. (2006). A collection of definitions of intelligence. http://www.vetta.org/documents/A-Collection-of-Definitions-of-Intelligence.pdf 2. External validity and generalizability are distinct concepts even if they are related. Generalizability refers to the ability of the researcher to extrapolate theory or practice from the results of the study. Externally valid studies yield results that can be applicable to populations beyond those studied in the sample.… Continue Reading...

Financial Reports and Lending Decisions

would not make the decision based on these numbers alone, but in theory a current ratio of 3.1 points to a company that is solvent. That asset turnover is improving is also a positive sign, in terms of the cash conversion cycle. If net income and EPS are up, that is also good, though as a creditor I'm much more concerned with free cash flow and whether my debt is subordinated – but it is definitely a good sign that these numbers are going in the right direction. However, there are definitely some other things I would need to… Continue Reading...

Professional and Personal Development in Education

accountability at my school. References Gorlewski, J.A., Gorlewski, D.A. & Ramming, T.M. (2012). Standard 5. In: theory into Practice. Constructing Knowledge (Curriculum Studies in Action), vol 3. SensePublishers, Rotterdam. Ryan, J. & Rottman, C. (n.d.). Educational Leadership and Policy Approaches to Critical Social Justice. https://www.oise.utoronto.ca/cld/UserFiles/File/Educational%20Leadership%20and%20Policy%20Approaches%20to%20Critical%20Social%20Justice.pdf   Continue Reading...

Conflict Resolution Education and Theory Bible

conflict resolution at some point refer to human needs theory, which helps clarify sources of conflict as being traceable to unmet needs. Conflict arises when fundamental needs are not being met, and resolutions are more likely to arise when parties recognize what their needs are as well as those of their opponents. Conflict resolution theories based on needs theory focus on how multiple parties with differential needs can reach peaceable and mutually beneficial solutions (Burton, 1990). The goal of conflict resolution will be to attain win-win outcomes, which may ironically require both personal humility and the offering of concessions.… Continue Reading...

Motivation and Morale Police Administration

the ease of workflow. The conceptual framework of the research study will be based on the Two-Factor theory. Also referred to as the motivation-hygiene theory, the theory which was developed by Frederick Herzberg provides comprehensive views regarding work morale and motivation. Herzberg classified different factors as either being satisfiers or dissatisfiers, also considered to be hygiene and motivation factors. On one hand, hygiene factors are the different factors within the job setting, which are indispensable for existence of morale and motivation at the workplace. They do not result in positive satisfaction for the longstanding period. Nonetheless, in the event that… Continue Reading...

Personal Philosophy Leadership and Innovation

transformational leadership concept. Via official education, I am going to discover every aspect of the theory before implementing it within my practice as being a registered nurse leader to impact my followers for the accomplishment of institutional objectives and goals (Hiuhu, 2017). My objective of dealing with groups as a leader with the adoption of techniques that encourages constructive change is consistent with the transformational leadership concept. Based on Denker (2014), this idea is critical in assisting nurse practitioners to use transformative methods via the development of substantial modifications in both the lifestyles of the followers and work environments.… Continue Reading...

Diabetes Mellitus in Rural Settings

and all-encompassing than so-called grand theories of nursing such as Jean Watson’s theory of Human Caring and seek to offer a more technical and practical approach to applying theory in daily practice (Alligood, 2018). This paper will specifically examine the application of Kristen Swanson’s theory of Caring to the treatment of patients suffering from diabetes mellitus living in rural settings without adequate access to healthcare. Virtually all nursing theories are composed of four essential core definitions, that of person, environment, health, and nursing itself. Swanson’s theory, however, specifically focuses on nursing, which Swanson defines as a very specific type… Continue Reading...