United Kingdom Essays


Trade Union Act of 2016 Essay

Essay Prompt: On 4th May 2016 The Trade Union Bill received royal assent to become the Trade Union Act 2016. Employment Minister Nick Boles said: “These changes will ensure people are only ever disrupted by industrial action when it is supported by a reasonable proportion of union members. The Trade Union Act means the rights of the public to go about their lives are fairly balanced with members’ ability to strike.” Unite General Secretary Len McCluskey said: “The bill’s progress today is a dark day for workers and for those who speak up in their defence when power is misused.” Continue Reading...

Democratization Of the Bahamas

see it as a replica of the same government that exists throughout the united kingdom, and in England in particular. This region still recognizes a monarch in the form of Queen Elizabeth II. However, it has a robust parliamentary system that greatly reduces the authority and involvement of this personage so that many aspects of the democratic process actually exist within it. From a macrocosm perspective, the democratic process in the Bahamas is facilitated at a number of different level. Although the country formally recognizes the queen of England, it has a prime minster that acts as the head… Continue Reading...

Employment Laws in the United Kingdom

two important laws and regulations when it comes to employment in the united kingdom. Those two pieces of law will be the Employment Rights Act of 1996, commonly known as ERA 1996, and the Equality Act of 2010, commonly known as the EA 2010. For both laws, the particulars, specifics and common requirements for all parties involved, both employee and employer, will be covered. While the two laws covered in this report were pass nearly a generation apart, both of them hold a very important place in the employment law paradigm in the united kingdom. Employment Rights Act of… Continue Reading...

Heineken Case Study

the recent moves made by competitors such as Inbev and SABMIller of Belgium and united kingdom respectively. What are the critical issues facing Heineken and what should they do about them? There are a number of critical issues facing Heineken as pointed out in the case study. One of the critical issues is the conservative style of leadership within the organization. For a very lengthy period now, Heineken has experienced a tight control from the family, an aspect that has influenced the corporate culture of the company in terms of having slow and decelerated decision-making. However, it is imperative… Continue Reading...

Australian Economic Growth

growth rate of 2.6%, Canada having 2.5% and the united kingdom having 2.2% (Tang, 2016). This can be illustrated in the diagram below. Source: Trading Economics Source: Focus Economics This remarkable progress is owing to the fact that Australia was relatively not affected by the global financial crisis, taking into consideration that the financial and banking system of Australia continued to be strong and the rate of inflation under control. The greatest share of the Australian economy is represented by the services sector, which signifies roughly 70% of the gross domestic product (GDP) (Thedora, 2016). One of the elements… Continue Reading...

Developmental Learning and Technology

made by the government to further technology integration in schools across the globe. "In united kingdom, the government spending on educational ICT in 2008 -- 09 in the UK was £2.5bn (Nut, 2010), in United States, the expenditure on K-12 schools and higher education institutions was $6 billion and $4.7 billion respectively in 2009" (Buabeng-Andoh, 2012, p. 136). While this is a step forward towards technology integration in schools, the article states little has been done in terms of adoption and use of technology in schools. "Evidence suggests that education sector is investing heavily on ICT but ICT adoption… Continue Reading...

Living Abroad in the United Kingdom

of the most well-known cities in the England, if not the entire united kingdom. The most prestigious campuses are likely those in London and Cambridge, although newcomers can also opt to study in Chelmsford and Petersborough as well. More importantly, the freedom to choose where one wants to study, work and live is expanded accordingly with an intricate network of partnerships with educational institutions throughout the globe. Thus, it is possible for students to join this university and study from almost anywhere in the world that suits them, which is an advantage that many other schools simply cannot match.… Continue Reading...

Glaxosmithkline and Porters Five Forces

maintain a leading position in the pharmaceutical industry, both in the united kingdom as well as around the world. Of course, GSK cannot become lackadaisical or otherwise complacent because this would endanger their status as an elite pharmaceutical firm. Profit from the Use of Five Forces Before getting into the nuts and bolts of what makes GSK an elite firm as it relates a Porter's Five Forces, it would perhaps be wise to define and review what those forces are and how they work. This will help to focus later in this report on what GSK is doing to… Continue Reading...

Eye in the Sky Film

the grim faces of military, political officials in the united kingdom, on a small cell phone in Africa, and the attack base located in Nevada. These small devices are capable of flying under the radar and entering into private homes to find out the inhabitants' hiding places. Although interesting to watch at the outset, they gradually become menacing on realizing that they will -- onscreen and off-screen - result in the watchers targeting humans. We watch both the politicians plus soldiers in the united kingdom and the U.S. getting prepared not just to attack, but to make the resolution… Continue Reading...

International Law on Overt and Covert Interventions

their foreign policy objectives. Examples of the covert intervention were the Operation Ajax where the united kingdom worked with the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) to remove the Iranian elected Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadeq. The United States and the united kingdom carried out this operation because both countries had a considerable interest in the Iranian crude oil. (Kinzer, 2008). After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan between 1979 and 1989, the United States, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia supplied military weapons secretly for the Afghanistan to resist the Soviet military interventions. (Johnson, & James, 2008). Despite the comprehensive covert interventions carried out… Continue Reading...

Post Feminism and Hip Hop

the perceived threat of immigrants. The protagonist of the video is in the united kingdom. Many Africans and Afro-Caribbean people, immigrate to the united kingdom in search of a better life. This woman could be a product of that immigration and thus may encounter new racism behaviors from people disliking the 'invasion' of immigrants onto their land. While the video does not depict such negative beliefs, it does open the discussion up for this possibility. In conclusion, society has changed in many positive ways. Women have more power and ability to sexually express themselves. People can see past race… Continue Reading...

False Confession Phenomena

reduces the number of false confessions found in these countries and in other parts of the united kingdom where the PEACE model is deployed (Gudjonssen and Pearse, 2011, p. 34). Therefore, this article functions as a counterpoint to the notion that false confessions are frequently desired by investigators who have presupposed a perpetrator to be guilty. However, the thesis for this paper is still true because it contends that false confessions are not uniformly sought after, but rather frequently invoked due to the methods of investigators in the United States. The domestic applicability of this thesis to America is… Continue Reading...

Uk Trade Policy and Its Departure from the Eu

These trade arrangements provide numerous incentives for Britain; the downside of these arrangements, however, is that sovereignty of the united kingdom is not front and center and the danger of centralized forces in the EU voting for a trade deal like the TPP in years to come is a persistent threat that could seriously undermine national sovereignty by placing multi-national corporations above the rule of law in the countries where they do business. The potential advantages of the UK leaving the EU are evident in the fact that Britain will be in a position to negotiate its own trade… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

enforcement in the United States, including the Reid technique, as well as techniques more common in the united kingdom, which has a similar criminal justice system in general. The UK uses the PEACE model, according to Gudjonssen & Pearse (2011), who conclude that the Reid technique is actually inferior to the PEACE model in several ways, particularly in that it is confrontational and is based on a presumption of guilt, which tends to lead to more false confessions. The Kassin (2012) article uses the Amanda Knox trial to launch a discussion about how to minimize false confessions. Kassin (2012)… Continue Reading...

Constructivism Theory in International Politics

themselves". (Cristol, 2011 p 1), for example, nuclear weapons in North Korea, and the united kingdom may be identical materially, however, they possess different meaning to the US policy makers. Moreover, constructivists place a greater emphasizes on identity, norm development and idealist powers than other theoretical paradigms in international relations. The objective of this paper is to discuss the theory of constructivism with reference to the international relations. Statement of Problems The international relations theory has been dominated by the theory of liberalism, realism, and pluralism for several decades. However, there has been a departure from the neo-classical theory… Continue Reading...

Norway, England, Wales, and the United States

into local, state, or federal, but act free from geographical or district limitations. England/Wales acts within the united kingdom but has a tiered system for handling criminal cases. Regarding investigative efforts, England has a high number of private investigation agencies with government-run investigative efforts concentrated in London. England's police force and court system operate on a tiered level with various sub agencies working under a main agency (Barton & Johns, 2013). The next sections will describe in more detail, what similarities and differences England/Wales, the United States, and Norway have regarding their respective criminal justice systems. Courts The tiered system… Continue Reading...

Compare and Contrast Nozick and Socrates

situations around the world but even countries like the United States and the united kingdom, just to name two, are seeing some rather nasty trends when it comes to how values are created, enforced, discussed, weighted and defined. Just one good example would be the recent violence and invective seen at UC Berkeley in California. The duality that exists whereby right-wingers and left-wingers are often hurling insults is not anything remotely new but what used to be the "cradle" of free speech and the free flow of ideas has devolved into a morass of depravity and violence that would… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

European countries with the lowest firearm homicide rates per 100,000 inhabitants are Iceland, Luxembourg, Malta, the united kingdom, Poland, Slovenia, Austria, Denmark and Germany" (p. 26). To better understand this difference, a geographical explanation can help to clarify: Montenegro is located in the Balkans in Eastern Europe and is in a region where war and violence has been woven into the social structure for many years as a result of continual insurrections. Macedonia and Cyprus are both located near this same region and face the same ethnic problems. Variation and Suicides Each year in Europe approximately 4000 firearm-related suicides… Continue Reading...

Cultural Interaction and American Revolution

In this analysis, I will compare the cultural values between the united kingdom and the United States of America. In the aspects of power distance, the united kingdom ranks low at 35. This is slightly lower than U.S. ranking at about 40 (Geert Hofstede, n.d.). Power distance refers to the extent to which the countries have embraced equality among all the members of the society. There is a great similarity in the cultures of the two countries in the cultural aspects of individualism, masculinity as well as indulgence. Individualism is a measure of interdependence in the society. Both United… Continue Reading...

The Trump Travel Ban and Why It Is Bad

that have been indirectly affected too. For example, an Iranian national with a permanent residency in the united kingdom who is a top engineer in the field would be barred from entering. The ban works both ways, too, with a mutuality agreement ensuring that Americans are barred from traveling or working in the six affected nations (Torbati, 2017). The travel ban is one of many ridiculous measures the administration has engaged in since Trump assumed power. By banning travel from Muslim nations, the Trump administration sends an antagonistic message, and one that will have long-term legal, social, and economic… Continue Reading...

Fox Acquisition Of Sky

would also look into whether the takeover would hurt the media plurality in the united kingdom, which is considered as an important component of the nation's broadcast media sector. In light of the increased calls for the blockage of the deal by the public, it is largely expected that Ofcom's report, which will be released next week, would block the conclusion of the acquisition. However, others have argued that the deal is likely to go through despite the significantly low public confidence, but after some delays. The news report regarding the challenges facing the proposed Fox-Sky deal highlights some… Continue Reading...

Jeff Bezos Leadership Skills

attracted unconstructive publicity on consideration of Tax Avoidance in nations such as the united kingdom and the United States. Moreover, the company introduced the fire phone in the United States, which was an extreme failure. Kindle Fire did not do well as vibrantly as Kindle. Therefore, numerous failures may scar in the company’s deep pockets. Conventional communication and acquisitions are some opportunities that the company can enjoy. Amazon can introduce its interior trademarks in diverse products groups (Boss, 2017). They can also diversify their distribution; it will assist them to make profits in the competitive e-commerce industry. By acquiring… Continue Reading...

Gender Neutrality in the Military Women Combat

has no bearing on troop effectiveness, military preparedness, or any other core goal. The united kingdom is currently debating a change in its allowance of women in combat and the Defense Secretary cites an empirical review showing that it is “clear that there's no question mark over the cohesion of the unit, the overall effectiveness of the unit. Women can fight just as effectively as men,” (“Women may serve in close combat roles by 2016, says Fallon”). Allowing women to serve in combat preserves the freedoms that American troops are sworn to defend. Women serving in combat would be… Continue Reading...

The Role Of Sarbanes Oxley Act in Curbing Corporate Fraud

2017). Among the executive suspended were Chris Bush, the Managing Director in the united kingdom and Kevin Grace, former director for commercials. Following an investigation by Deloitte, the accountancy firm, the exaggeration of the profit was reviewed up to £263 million (Colson, 2017). Moreover, Tesco failed to pay the suppliers to enhance its performance in sales and hence the inflated profit figure. It was also determined that the company encourage the suppliers to pay if they needed to have a better control of where their products were placed on the shelves or give them a competitive advantage over their… Continue Reading...

Political Systems in Ireland and Britain

The united kingdom and Ireland have both enjoyed geographic separation from the continent of Europe, enabling both to develop unique political cultures and institutions. Ireland has been even more removed from the fray, having never been part of the Roman Empire, and systematically resistant to the same invasions that affected England throughout much of their respective histories. However, the proximity between Ireland and England—and later the united kingdom—has caused the two countries to be “intertwined politically, economically, and culturally for over 800 years,” (The Republic and Politics of the Republic of… Continue Reading...

Colonialwebb\'s Human Resource Plan

(Pillai, 2015). The increase in skills shortage has been experienced in major economies like Australia, the united kingdom, and the United States. Some of the factors that have contributed to increased skills shortage in these economies include the fact that specialty trade workers have shifted industries and professional workers have moved to other countries (Pillai, 2015). However, despite the increase in skills shortage, the construction industry is expected to experience tremendous growth in the coming years. These trends have contributed to the increase in the demand for construction workforce in order to promote industry growth. Description of Company, Brand… Continue Reading...

How Autonomous Car Will Change Everything

applied, as Murray (2016) shows: charge points are set to outnumber petrol stations in the united kingdom by 2020. However, much of the rest of global society is affected by the autonomous car in only a marginal way: if they are ever allowed to proceed into the mass market it will be a different story. For now they are simply being tested by companies like Google and Uber, and as McGoogan (2017) notes, those two companies are locking into a legal battle that could have repercussions across the industry as a whole. Nonetheless, all autonomous/robotic enterprises will eventually put… Continue Reading...

Us Healthcare Reform Initiatives

the United States is unlikely to shift to a national healthcare system like Canada or the united kingdom, more regulation is likely to be needed in the future to achieve universal access, contain costs, and create greater equity in coverage. References Davis, K. (2009). Cooperative health care: The way forward? The Commonwealth Fund. Retrieved from: http://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/blog/health- cooperatives-the-way-forward Eastwood, B. (2013). AHIP: Bill Clinton calls for cooperative approach to healthcare reform. Fierce Healthcare. Retrieved from: http://www.fiercehealthcare.com/payer/ahip-bill- clinton-calls-for-cooperative-approach-to-healthcare-reform What is the role of government? (2017). The International Commonwealth Fund. Retrieved from: http://international.commonwealthfund.org/features/government_role/   Continue Reading...

Fracking Policy Analysis

shale gas production: technology, impacts, and policy. Argonne National Laboratory. Cotton, M. (2017). Fair fracking? Ethics and environmental justice in united kingdom shale gas policy and planning. Local Environment, 22(2), 185-202. Davis, C. (2012). The politics of “fracking”: Regulating natural gas drilling practices in Colorado and Texas. Review of Policy Research, 29(2), 177-191. Evensen, D. T. (2015). Policy decisions on shale gas development ('fracking'): the insufficiency of science and necessity of moral thought. Environmental Values, 24(4), 511-534. Ferrell, S. L., & Sanders, L. (2013). Natural gas extraction: Issues and policy options. National Agricultural and Rural Development Policy Center. Finkel, M., Hays, J., & Law, A. (2013). The shale… Continue Reading...

Life Of Arthur Koestler

Koestler’s liberation, including William Randolph Hearst (Menand). A minor liberation movement spawned in the united kingdom, spearheaded by efforts from Koestler’s first wife and Parliamentary assistance. The very drama of his circumstances, the dire nature of his imprisonment in solitary confinement, made him a media darling. Then, he was able to capitalize even further on this experience by drafting Darkness at Noon to further solidify his status as a celebrity. The resulting fame enabled the author to expand his circle of associates beyond others of political conviction to those who were similarly famous, attracted to fame, and to wealth.… Continue Reading...

Health Information Systems Assessment

practitioners in Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, and the united kingdom reportedly used EHRs, whereas only 10% to 30% of practitioners in ambulatory settings in the United states and Canada used EHRs” (Balgrosky, 2015, p. 9). 3. What external influences can you identify that impact HIT? Some of the most significant external influencers that impact HIT include, but they are not limited to, the free market and the government. While the government “regulates and passes laws concerning proper implementation and use of HIS and health information technology (HIT)...” the free market, as Balgrosky (2015) further point out not only… Continue Reading...

Will Brazil Become a Global Trade Partner

be able to easily compete with European exporters like Germany and united kingdom. Globalization after all, calls for some form unification and emergence of standardization. To do that, some political barriers must be done away. They must try to generate stronger trade agreements because NAFTA or the negotiated free trade agreement between Mexico, United States and Canada generated fierce competition regarding exports. While Brazil’s Fernando Collor de Mello and Argentina’s Carlos Menem, presidents that pushed for free markets, generated an environment that allowed for inclusion of Paraguay and Uruguay into the Mercosur union, however with continued lifts in restrictions… Continue Reading...

The World Population and Urbanization

the West. Currently, the countries with the densest populations include: India, Japan, Singapore, Bangladesh, Philippines, united kingdom, Pakistan, Italy, and Cuba. There are many other smaller nations that have dense populations too and they are mostly considered third world nations—i.e., developing nations. In other words, the most densely populated parts of the world are those regions which are scarcely prepared for this kind of overcrowding in terms of economic, social and political development. This could present huge problems going forward, especially if there is inadequate investment in the coming years in these regions so that the necessary infrastructural supports can… Continue Reading...

Confronting the Problem Of Truancy

factor in dropping out for many students. Reid’s article specifically focuses on the united kingdom where nearly 35% of students leave school without any formal qualification, despite punitive efforts by the government such as increasing fines and truancy prosecutions as well as positive efforts such as mentoring programs and the creation of education action zones (Reid 2003). In Great Britain, and, according to the article, certain areas of the United States, school leaving rates are among some of the highest in the developed world. These rates may even be conservative, since there are incentives for schools to underreport data… Continue Reading...

Immigration in the United Kingdom

become a progressively more significant singularity throughout the developed nations, including the united kingdom. According to Wadsworth (2014), there is presently more than 6 million foreign born adults working in the UK. This amount increased two-fold between 1995 and 2012 from 8 percent to 16 percent. The effects of migration on the united kingdom are intricate and comprehensive, influencing all aspects of life including socially, economically, as well as culturally. The increase in the number of immigrants in the nation do not just have an impact on the labour market aspects such as wage and employment but also fiscally… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Immigrants on the Uk Economy

Migration, Employment and UK Economy Point 1: Perception and Reality do not always align Duffy and Frere-Smith (2013) published their report on perception versus reality where immigration's impact on the UK labour market are concerned. The report highlighted several gaps between perception and reality, such as the composition of immigrants being largely asylum-seekers (most are students), and the fact that concerns about immigration have been rising recently. They also highlight that concerns are often surrounding impact on public service and benefits, but ignore positive elements like the tax contribution and economic benefits of immigrants. This study supports the findings of… Continue Reading...