Variable Essays


Quantitative Research

only be generalized to a cluster of patients with similar characteristics, as other variable factors not taken into account in the research may impact its findings. Implications/Recommendations How did the researcher generalize the findings? Where in nursing can the results be applied? (4) Response: Females with diverse disease histories, diagnoses stages, and present treatment administered provided for significant variation, reflecting the wider population of ovarian cancer patients, and hence, weren't covered under this research's generalization. Nursing and oncology professionals can apply the results in research as well as clinical capacities for comprehending the best means of providing patient-focused support… Continue Reading...

Liberation Theology Meets Humankind Embrace

terminology like "non-linear, systems with multiple feedback loops and variable elements" helps advocate for the Church's democratization. Mccann (1993) and Ruether and Bianchi (1992) convey similar ideas in simple, mainstream language. The former, however, uses a business theory as base. If theological reflection, the Bible, Coates' (1996) claim of "common sense" assessment, and the Church's initial history, unfettered by social scientific jargon's importation, are able to indicate democratic structures, then these form guides which may be related to the Church by believers (and, according to de Gruchy (1995) and Witte Jr. (1993), contemporary society). In this respect, one can… Continue Reading...

Social Bonding Theory

integrate them. References Baron, R. S., Vandello, J. A., & Brunsman, B. (1996). The forgotten variable in conformity research: Impact of task importance on social influence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 915-927. Chriss, J. J. (2007). The functions of the social bond. Sociological Quarterly, 48(4), 689-712. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.2007.00097.x Durkin, K., Wolfe, T. and Clark, G. (1999). Social bond theory and binge drinking among college students: A multivariate analysis. College Student Journal, 33: 450-461. Gosselin, D.K. (2005). Heavy Hands: An Introduction to the Crimes of Family Violence, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, Inc. Lumbert, S.P. (2005). Conformity and Group Mentality: Why We… Continue Reading...

Is Globalization a Good Thing

spaces are in constant flux, resulting in the reformulation of the nations of mothering, pedagogy and pace, resulting in variable educational outcomes" (O'Leary, Gonzalez & Valdez-Gardea, 2008). To dovetail and interface this with another source, the traditional culture and mindset in Mexico has certainly been patriarchal in nature but it is clear that times are changing and more women are starting to roil and wretch at this structure. Over time, this should lead to a shift in what is acceptable and normal when it comes to the standing of women in society as compared to men. Clearly, women are… Continue Reading...

Stress, Emotional Intelligence, and Life Satisfaction in College Students

This is because they were testing to see if an increase in one variable would have an increase in another variable. For instance, the increase in stress and lowering of emotional intelligence would result in a low life satisfaction. Making use of the correlation method allows the researchers to manipulate the data by increasing one variable and lowering another variable to establish positive or negative correlation. Correlations only predict relationships and they cannot be used to predict cause and effect. This was beneficial to this study in order to ensure there was a validity of the results. All participants… Continue Reading...

Supply Chain Management

I will equip myself with knowledge and skills to efficiently and effectively manage staff, resources and projects so that I execute my role as a supply chain manger well. I will have an extensive comprehension of supply chains, logistics and procurement processes. I will consistently employ best practices so as to increase efficiency, cut costs and improve performance while still delivering high quality results in the set timelines. I am now looking to take on a challenging new managerial role. The role will help me grow professionally and ensure I use the experience and skills I have gained throughout my… Continue Reading...

Discrimination Case Analysis

Case Statement This case involved a white woman and a black man who had an encounter in a parking lot and there was controversy if discriminatory action ensued. The two, Hope and Dillon, gave two different versions of the encounter. At its very core, the conflict in the case is about racial discrimination. Legal advocates and scholars have given various definitions to racism and have focused on disparate impact and differential treatment. Their definitions can be crystallized into differential treatment occurring when individuals are accorded unequal treatment because of their race and disparate impact occurring when individuals are subject to… Continue Reading...

Project Data

The FEP (Fundraising Effectiveness Project) aims at helping non-profits quicken fundraising. The Project strives towards the above objective by offering yearly charity growth tracking and evaluation features to nonprofits. An increase in giving may be defined as net gains minus net losses in contribution (Tools - Fundraising Effectiveness Project). Nonprofit entities raise a larger sum of money via investments in growth-focused fundraising methods which amplify gains as well as decrease losses. FEP's emphasis is "effectiveness" (or charity growth maximization) instead of "efficiency" (or cost minimization). A yearly survey is performed, helpful performance measurement instruments for gauging increase in giving are… Continue Reading...

Corporate Social Responsibility and Philanthropic Foundations

corporate charity organizations were log-transformed (this was the dependent variable), while the independent variables include assets belonging to the philanthropic organization, CEO tenure, the role/position of board members (centrality within the network), and gender of leaders. The researchers used a control based on the companies' size, market performance, age and industry. Data was analyzed using STATA via a random-effects model. The methodology employed in the study was suitable to the study's aims, which were to identify the relationship between variables and outcomes associated with a company's philanthropic foundation. The organizational structure of both corporation and foundation and the way… Continue Reading...

Child Risk Assessment for Therapy

Nine-year-old Afro-Caribbean, Lennox, was referred by professionals and his teacher to the therapist. Those who suggested counseling were worried about the boy's conduct and behavior when at school. As Lennox's previous therapist resigned his job during the summer school-term, the boy was referred once again; by this time, he had reached the age of ten. Lennox was offered twelve months of one-on-one therapy. The problems cited in the original referral for counseling included lack of concentration in studies, attention-seeking behavior at school, persistent unpunctuality to class, and the boy's washed-out look. Another referral by an educator in the year 2009… Continue Reading...

Black and White Binary Central to Race Discussion

1. Black/White binary been central to the discussion of race? Black/White binary been has been central to the discussion of race because of Perceived racial discrimination (PRD). This is even more so with Black women. Precisely, there has been a decline in obvious racial discriminatory conduct (segregation, rights to vote) and quick rise in subtle racial discriminatory behavior. At the center of these issues for Black women is a struggle over nationality, power, and control that rotates around not just, but gender. Black/White binary has been central to the discussion of race because indirect racial discrimination has likewise been theorized… Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Leadership

leadership" studies should be careful to isolate and measure this variable (Harms, Crede, 2010, p. 12). The outcome could shed more light on how or why some leaders are effective and why others are not. Thus, EI is a very simple concept that requires more understanding both among researchers and different cultures. At its most basic level, it is simply the ability to relate and communicate effectively in a way that uses emotions wisely. It is a mature approach to how we as human beings interact, how emotions play a part in our lives, in our decisions, and in… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction

Employees' job satisfaction and success is tremendously influenced by managers. Studies show that men and women have varying preferences for the choice of the gender of their manager. Several studies have concentrated on this matter. Unfortunately, the outcomes of the studies are inconsistent. This paper, therefore, seeks to review past findings of research with the intention of exploring and casting light on the relationship between the variables in the modern workplace (Jackson, Alberti, & Snipes, 2014). Effect of Gender on Leadership Style Available research shows that men and women face different evaluation parameters in their leadership roles. Success in performance… Continue Reading...

Different but Related Accounting Scenarios

must be absorbed by the revenue that comes from producing sales volume (Business Terms & Decisions, n.d.; Slideshare, n.d.). variable Cost variable costs are those that ebb and flow with the sales or production volume. In the instance of the bookstore, the shipping cost would be an example of a variable cost. While the size and scope of the variable cost is not nearly as expansive as it is with fixed costs, the margin between the variable costs the revenue garnered from the volume is important because that is what will eat into the overhead mentioned above. Only when the… Continue Reading...

Permanent Supportive Housing for the Homeless

2006). This is where permanent supportive housing comes into play: it is a substantial variable in the transitioning of homeless mentally ill persons to a more stable way of life, where they can be sheltered and properly/adequately cared for. PSH acts as a gateway for homeless persons with mental illness in the sense that it transfers them from the streets to a place of permanent shelter; it removes them from the ERs of hospitals and places them in a setting where they can be monitored and observed by a trained staff that looks out for their needs on a… Continue Reading...

Facets Of Global Leaders

Global leadership used to be a bit of a novelty or niche part of doing business. While many businesses have engaged in global commerce and discourse for quite some time, it was much more limited in many other parts of industry. However, the advancement of technology, the internet/computers in particular and supply chain logistics has been a game changer. Also significant is the massive movement of many peoples from their customary and common parts of the world to new endeavors and locales. Whether it be the refugee migrations from Africa and the Middle East or whether it be professionals from… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Fatness in America Body Image

The purpose of this historiography is to use secondary sources that will make for a greater understanding of my topic and how it relates to American body culture. In the last six decades obese people have faced discrimination in American society because of their physical appearance. Typically, society has categorized obese people as unhealthy individuals; their appearance causes discomfort; they are viewed pessimistically by employers and their career opportunities as a result have been limited. While more than 27% of the American population is obese, the federal government does nothing to prevent employment discrimination against obese or overweight people. The… Continue Reading...

Economic Factors for Physicians

Introduction to Situation This paper is based on a fictional case study in which a young woman is considering becoming a physician. Prior to fully committing to this decision, she desires to attain prudent financial information about its repercussions. Specifically, she is seeking to identify the return on investment that her decision could potentially generate. This involves both qualitative and quantitative factors, the former of which pertains to personal gain derived from aiding people in a much needed professional setting. The latter relates to the finances she can generate from practicing medicine. This financial data is stratified into a number… Continue Reading...

Activity Based Costing at Amazon

need activity-based costing, identifying aspects of the activities that involve unnecessarily huge costs, and determining the activities fixed and variable costs. More fundamentally, the unit times associated with each activity must be determined (Kaplan & Anderson, 2004). Activity identification and evaluation is a particularly important step, as some activities may not appear to be costly superficially. For Amazon, typical activities may include order processing, shipping, customer support, and addressing complaints. These activities involve costs such as personnel, information technology, and telecommunication costs. In addition, each of the activities involves a certain amount of time. For instance, addressing complaints may… Continue Reading...

Theoretical Perspectives and Organizational Practices

The topic of workplace diversity has attracted more and more scholarly attention in the past few decades. Indeed, the topic has become one of the most crucial organizational issues in the 21st century, with organizations in both the public and private sector increasingly seeking to tap the advantages diversity brings. Two major areas of focus have been the extent to which organizational members support diversity and the impact of diversity on work-related outcomes such as job satisfaction. This paper dwells on these two aspects. First, Soni's (2000) model of receptivity to diversity is discussed, along with a summary of her… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Household Management

two articles, what is suggested is an additional independent variable, which is an ambiguity expense. The inclusion of this variable is purposed to perceive whether the consumers will be able to bypass the rules set up within mental accounting and how they are able to purchase the products they had initially out to avoid. Theoretical Background The issue of consumer self-discipline and restraint has been in practice for a long time. The necessity to carry out self-discipline emanates from a battle between the immediate and longstanding consequences of consumption. This restraint establishes itself as an impulse contention that has… Continue Reading...

Walmarts Marketing Strategies

phase encompasses having broad and general strategy. This takes into account making and executing short-run decisions for every controllable variable. In this case, Walmart must implement tactics and strategies that are forward-looking and react to the environment. The logic in this is to make certain that the company continues to be viable in the forthcoming periods. 6. Walmart should have a control process. This is to make sure that all strategies and approaches undertaken are assessed and revised incessantly. What is more, the strong suits of such processes should be emphasized whereas the weaknesses should be curtailed or eliminated… Continue Reading...

American Body Culture Annotated Bibliography

Annotated Bibiliography Courtney, Bailey. "Supersizing America: Fatness and Post-9/11 Cultural Anxieties." Journal of Popular Culture 43, no. 3 (2010): 441-462. Courtney discusses the impact of fast food on the health of Americans focusing on the documentary film "Super-Size Me" that accuses Mcdonald as the major contributor of health effects of American people. According to the author, the obesity is threatening the health of the American society because there is likely to be an increase in the childhood obesity in the nearest future. Thus, the author suggests that Americans should inculcate a diet culture to get thin. Carla, Rice. "Becoming "the… Continue Reading...

Terrorism in Africa Study Design

multivariate techniques are useful for describing the relationships among variables. When a dependent variable or outcome is assessed according to how it relates to various qualitative variables (such as the ones identified above), multivariate techniques such as regression can be useful in assessing that relationship. In the case of a study addressing terrorism in African (Boko-Haram specifically), regression may be used because of the qualitative study's assessment of the relationship among the various qualitative variables (sex, gender, religion, geographical region) and the spread of Boko-Haram's influence. The considerations I have made relative to techniques of analysis are that for… Continue Reading...

What the Sistine Chapel Ceiling Represents

composition by the implied theme -- which is that Christ is that variable, the factor that can restore nobility to man. The humanist ideals, based on the classical philosophies of Plato and Aristotle -- i.e., the search for the unum, bonum, verum (the one, the good, the true) -- are thus united under the banner of Christian theology: Christ is the Logos of Whom the ancient pagan philosophers spoke without knowing; by their reason they were able to realize that man was limited in his capacity to really reach the heights of the noble ideals; with Christian revelation and… Continue Reading...

Workplace and Gender Discrimination

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language, and other demographics (Cleveland, Vescio & Barnes-Farrell, p. 149). The differences… Continue Reading...

Sexuality and Gender at Work

.....individual's level of sexual identity development relates to their level of job satisfaction depends on numerous variables -- such as the confidence with which one identifies their sexuality, the degree to which that identity is accepted among peers, and the extent to which that identity places one as a minority. As the U.S. Merit Systems Protection Board (n.d.) indicates, "Minorities also tend to be at a disadvantage in terms of job rewards, which no doubt has an impact on their job satisfaction as well as career advancement in the long run" (p. 62). The issue therefore is one of whether… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Methods

Mixed-Method Evaluation Techniques Were I to employ a mixed methods approach to address counterterrorism in Africa, I would integrate both qualitative and quantitative methods in my design. Furthermore, I would do so in a way in which the strengths of one of these methods would certainly augment the other. Specifically, I would design the study so that there was a quantitative analysis of the number of threats that this continent faced regarding terrorism and counterterrorism. Additionally, I would deploy a statistical analysis to provide additional quantitative data. I would buttress these results with a qualitative study that yielded additional knowledge… Continue Reading...

Organizing and Leadership Theories

is defined by inborn traits, others argue that it is defined by behaviors. Others view leadership as a context-dependent variable, while others see leadership from a power and influence perspective. Each of these schools of thought has its own strengths and limitations. A more effective leadership would perhaps be one that blends the various approaches. In other words, an effective leader is one with certain characteristics and behaviors, one who can adjust leadership style based on the circumstances at hand, and one with the ability to transform their followers. References Bauer, D. (2015). Successful leadership behaviors in Slovak organizations'… Continue Reading...

Counter Terrorism in Africa Policy Design

.....ending terrorism in Africa, the methods employed should be oriented towards measuring outputs. The outputs that are expected with this particular study are the ending of terrorism in Africa. The inputs are the various strategies and programs that are implemented in order to bring about this outcome. The outcome has to be measured in a quantitative manner in order that a statistical analysis can be performed. Thus, the type of quantitative study that could be utilized here may depend upon the type of evaluation that is to be undertaken. Two types of evaluations could be used here -- a vertical… Continue Reading...

Germany and the Holocaust

Goldhagen and Browning: How the Holocaust Could Have Happened The Jewish Holocaust has inspired countless theories on how such an atrocity could take place in a seemingly humane and otherwise "normal" society, as Germany was in the 20th century. In other words, it was not really any different from any other society or culture in the modern era -- and yet understanding how the Holocaust could have happened, how human beings of the modern era could take part in such a mass killing, has been the debate of historians. This paper will compare and contrast the arguments of Daniel J.… Continue Reading...

Why Shelters Have More Female Volunteers

Bitches: What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism Animal shelters depend on volunteers for everything from fundraising to day-to-day operations. There is no federal agency devoted to animal rescue, placing the burden on small independent community organizations. Understanding how to recruit and retain volunteers therefore becomes a critical component in the success of individual shelters and animal shelters in general. Companion animals like dogs remain popular in the United States, with between one third and one half of all households in America owning a dog; between 70 and 80 million dogs are pets (ASPCA, 2016).… Continue Reading...

Gatt and Nestle in the Philippines

Nestle Case Nestle (Philippines) had capitalized on the instant coffee boom in the Philippines and by 1996 the company saw its market share climb from 52% to 66%. Instant coffee consumption had more than doubled in the country and while this was good news for Mascenon (Vice-President of Nestle's Instant Drinks Department) the problem he now faced was this: how to maintain market share in the face of rising stiff competition (created by a number of variables) without cutting into profits by lowering prices in order to stay competitive with off-brands and other multinationals coming into the Philippines on the… Continue Reading...

Treatment Modalities for Act and Ipt

IPT have distinct roles, and different patients may be referred to one of these treatment modalities yet resist treatment in some way. Rather than viewing these patients as categorically "difficult," therapists would be better off repositioning and rebranding ACT and IPT to better sell their respective models. It is also helpful to understand patient reservations, recognize there may be cross-cultural variables at stake in the communication process, or other patient-centric variables impacting their attitudes toward the particular modality. Many patients naturally mistrust a treatment modality that is new or unfamiliar to them, or which they have never heard of before… Continue Reading...

What Animal Shelters Can Do to Reduce the Gender Gap in Volunteerism

that women will be motivated more by emotional cues than other cues. In this research, we used the variable of masculinity and male bonding by showing videos using the term "Be a Man. Volunteer at Your Local Animal Shelter." It is predicted that indeed, the women were more likely to volunteer after viewing the images of cute animals, whereas men were more likely to volunteer after viewing the social pressure condition. Finally, regarding the third hypothesis, it is predicted that men will not necessarily be retained unless they were motivated by the emotional video. It is predicted that the… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Moral Guidelines Criminal Justice

.....personal ethics derive from a combination of established codifications of moral conduct, such as those embedded in political documents or in religious scripture, but also from my personality, my upbringing, and my worldview. I tend towards a utilitarian point-of-view, in that I do believe that the consequences of actions are more important than worrying about whether an action is inherently right or wrong. I also believe that there are situational variables that make true deontological ethics almost impossible to apply universally and without hypocrisy. Although I make some decisions based on the principle of doing the maximum amount to good… Continue Reading...

An Indepth Analysis Of Diversity Management

¶ … diversity in management? Technological developments and the emergence of a universal, globalized economy have brought individuals from different societies closer than they have ever been. Hence, institutions like schools/colleges and corporations are seeking means to better cater to the entities constituting them. This encompasses the ability of attracting and retaining the finest and most capable workforce. Diversity deals entirely with difference. It implies: the presence of a broad array of different individuals; differences between them are on account of numerous variables including race/ethnicity, sex, religion, political beliefs, socioeconomic status, sexual orientation, disability and ideologies (Rice, 2010). Companies capable… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Transformational Leadership

.....leadership outlines a number of different hypotheses regarding leadership style that have emerged over the years. At the intersection of traits and more progressive views of leadership style is the idea that emotional intelligence is a significant contributor to leadership success. Similarly, it has become leadership orthodoxy that transformational leaders are more successful than transactional ones. Given that transformational leadership requires the leader to inspire and motivate followers, and that a high degree of emotional intelligence would reasonably be thought to aid in this, the hypothesis can be formed that leaders with emotional intelligence are more likely to be transformational… Continue Reading...

Gender Discrimination and Wage Differential

.....social injustice and inequality. First, literature related to the fundamentals of discrimination and descriptions of gender discrimination are discussed in the literature. Following a detailed discussion of what the literature says about gender discrimination, the literature review shifts toward the quantifiable effects of gender discrimination in the workplace. Effects are examined both in terms of measurable effects on organizations and individuals. Fundamentals of Discrimination Discrimination is unfortunately pervasive in the workplace. Described as an "inaccurate perception of differences," discrimination can be based on independent variables like race, gender, language, and other demographics (Cleveland, Vescio & Barnes-Farrell, p. 149). The differences… Continue Reading...

Reducing Burn Care Unit Operating Costs

for patients. The outsourcing will assist Burn Care Unit to lower both the variable costs and fixed costs. However, Burn Care Unit still needs to choose the outsourcing vendor with caution because some vendors are not reliable. However, the outsourcing companies such as Aramark, and Sodexo provide outsourcing services such as housekeeping, food services, facility management, and Bio-Med. Roberts, Henderson, Olive, et al. (2013) argue that Aramark and Sodexo specialize in the outsourcing services that include food preparation. The companies also provide the environmental services such as cleaning all staff, patient, and visitor areas, and perform full laundry service.… Continue Reading...

A Concise Analysis Of Financial Performance Of Companies

businesses marks the point at which the sample choice process commences. This research will apply a dependent variable lag-structure on the basis of past research. The structure will, however, exclude year-2012 observations. Furthermore, for this research, organizations not having information for a specific year will be excluded, as their inclusion may lead to unreliable estimations. Considering the aforementioned criteria, the ultimate study sample will encompass 3071 business-year observations and 460 companies (Ferrero-Ferrero, Fernandez-Izquierdo & Munoz-Torres, 2016). But, with a goal to apply a strong and dynamic strategy, organizations failing to offer ESG scores for any year will be excluded… Continue Reading...

Prison Psychologists and Biases in Corrections

.....psychologists working in prisons in the United States, Boothby & Clements (2000) found some disturbing trends in corrections. Although the number of prison psychologists has doubled in the past twenty years, the vast majority of prison psychologists remain Caucasian males who may be unable to address the diverse needs of the incarcerated community. Biases and assumptions about inmates may also hinder the ability of inmates to seek and receive psychological treatment. Moreover, a full third of prison psychologist work time is spent on administrative duties -- more than the time spent on direct treatment. Only 26% of their work time… Continue Reading...

Choosing a Corporation over a Sole Proprietorship

Business Organization When determining which form of business organization to adopt for one's business, it is important to consider a number of variables before making a decision. These factors can include: the level of control the owner wishes to have, the structure of the company, the company's level of vulnerability to lawsuit, expectations of profit/loss, and whether there is a need for re-investment of capital back into the company. These considerations can greatly impact the form of organization one chooses. For the case of West Casing, these factors when addressed point to an S Corporation being the best option for… Continue Reading...

Motivational Theories Of Animal Shelters

Functional motivation suggests that psychological factors, such as a need to feel useful, a need for a sense of purpose, motivate volunteerism (Widjaja, 2010). Therefore, volunteerism can be framed within the tenets of basic behaviorism and cognitive-behavioral principles. If volunteering feels good, then a person will be increasingly motivated to volunteer. Volunteering is not always selfless and altruistic; it can be ego-driven. In some situations, the motivation to volunteer comes from concrete extrinsic variables such as receiving credit in school or one's place of employment (Widjaja, 2010). Social motives for volunteering include social pressure or even shaming (Widjaja, 2010). Individuals… Continue Reading...

Accreditation Costs Of Healthcare Organizations

needed. Providers typically view such initiatives as costly, not adding much value to healthcare, variable based on assessor, and posing accreditation standard-linked issues (What are the impacts of health sector accreditation, 2010). Much of the overall cost goes in the labor-intensive activity of preparation for earning accreditation, especially in the last few months leading up to an actual survey of the organization. Individual organizational expenses are high, raising the question of whether or not it is a wise decision to get accredited. A Zambian research on accreditation revealed that the process was linked to unsustainable financial viability and expenses,… Continue Reading...

Style Of Leadership and Emotional Intelligence

The role of leaders in the present-day service-oriented organizations entails inspiring and motivating subordinates, promoting positive work-related attitudes, and developing a feel of both importance and involvement in and with subordinates. The aforementioned modern leadership tasks place novel demands on programs designed to teach people requisite skills and transform them into leaders. There are also increased demands on companies engaged in choosing leaders, to identify key leadership skills in the candidate pool. Consequently, researchers have focused on examining the fundamental characteristics and performance of successful leaders who effectively assume the mentioned modern leadership responsibilities, to determine leadership training and selection… Continue Reading...

Language Barriers Among the Karen People

GAP stands for Guadalupe Alternative Programs and stands to serve St. Paul's Latino youth living on the West Side for the last fifty years. Programs like GAP have existed to promote the wellbeing of St. Paul's, Minnesota's Latino student population by offering services like counseling, educational programs, emergency resources, and job assistance (GAP, n.d.). While GAP still assists the Latino student population, times have changes and the Latino population has decreased, opening GAP services to diverse ethnic backgrounds. This has led to a recent issue of understanding the needs of the current population of GAP students. The current population consists… Continue Reading...

Strategic Importance Of Outsourcing in U.s. Manufacturing Company

plant space will be reduced. (146). Moreover, the outsourcing decision assists the manufacturing companies to lower the variable costs when entrusting higher volume of materials to a third party. When firms design the same type of materials for different customers, it leads to cheaper costs of sourcing materials. For example, "engineering/design capability for outsourced parts can lead to lower variable costs." (Dabhilkar et al. 146). When a firm outsources a design of large volume of the materials to a third party company, they will be able to reduce the variable costs by enjoying the economies of scale from outsourcing.… Continue Reading...

8 Issues Regarding Public Health in Brazil

Developing Country and Health: Enhancing Public Health in Brazil In Brazil, public health issues are similar to those in other developing and developed countries. For instance, just as obesity and diabetes is a problem of epidemic proportions in the U.S., so too is it in Brazil. Brazil's health care structure, however, is significantly different, with free health care for all citizens being available (the finer details of this policy are not as alluring as they may seem on the surface, as long wait times for health care can often be the result) (Fleury, 2011). Nonetheless, this paper will highlight eight… Continue Reading...

Article Analysis on Ergonomics

Motivation Theory and Ergonomics The study by Szalma (2014) entitled "On the Application of Motivation Theory to Human Factors/Ergonomics: Motivational Design Principles for Human-Technology Interaction" proposes a set of principles and guidelines for motivational design that can be applied to the field of ergonomics. In terms of health and occupational safety, the article focuses on how motivation theory can be useful for reducing risks associated with fatigue, stress and boredom in the workplace environment by assessing the motivation aspects within the technology-human interaction. This paper will discuss the objectives of Szalma's (2014) study, the theory used, the concepts utilized, the… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Data Analysis

LISTWISE /STATISTICS COEFF OUTS CI (95) R. ANOVA /CRITERIA=PIN (.05) POUT (.10) /NOORIGIN /DEPENDENT income /METHOD=ENTER years. Regression [DataSet1] C:UsersucerDesktop188375_jss.sav Variables Entered/Removeda Model Variables Entered Variables Removed Method 1 Years Workedb Enter a. Dependent variable: Income b. All requested variables entered. Model Summary Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate 1 ,340a ,115 ,102 945,711 a. Predictors: (Constant), Years Worked ANOVAa Model Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig. 1 Regression 7696787,937 1 7696787,937 8,606 ,005b Residual 59028359,122 66 894369,078 Total 66725147,059 67 a. Dependent variable: Income b. Predictors: (Constant), Years Worked Coefficientsa Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients t Sig. 95,0% Confidence Interval for B B Std. Error Beta… Continue Reading...

Main Systems Of Human Body

their secretion. Moreover, the time for response inactivation by means of metabolizing in the body is greatly variable. While a few hormones remain for some minutes only, others are able to last for as long a period as a week (Saladin, 1998). References Ader, R., Cohen, N. and Felten, D., 1995. Psychoneuroimmunology: interactions between the nervous system and the immune system. The Lancet, 345(8942), pp.99-103. Astudillo, D., 2016. Human Digestive System Labeled, lindastorm.com. Available at http://www.lindastorm.net/human-digestive-system-labeled/. [Accessed December 12, 2014] Binnington, K.C. and Obenchain, F.D., 2013. Structure and function of the circulatory, nervous, and neuroendocrine systems of ticks. OBENCHAIN,… Continue Reading...

Better Relationship with Russia a New U.s. Policy

A major foreign policy issue that the United States must face today is the rise of the multi-polar world -- namely the role of Russia and China in world trade. With Russia coming to play a dominant role in the Middle East by aiding Assad's Syrian forces against ISIS and rebels fighters, the U.S. has a choice to make about how to approach the foreign power. If the U.S. pursues a policy antagonistic to Russia, it could find itself on the losing end of a fight in the Middle East, as Russian missile technology is far advanced and capable of… Continue Reading...

Psychotherapy Using Ipt and Act

Jen is a 19-year-old female of mixed ethnic background. When asked what her therapeutic goals are, Jen states that she wants to "get over" the physical abuse she was subjected to her from her mother's ex-husband (her stepfather). In the third therapy session with Jen, she abruptly claims that she may not be continuing with therapy because she is just "therapist shopping." Also in this session, Jen mentioned for the first time that she works as an exotic dancer. She asks with a belligerent tone, "You don't have a problem with that, do you?" Even though there was no response,… Continue Reading...

Should the Government Ban Assault Rifles

The increasing and gruesome mass killings in schools and other public arenas is connected to military type assault rifles and hidden handguns, carrying large amounts of ammunition magazines. These artilleries of war are modeled to cause overwhelming damage within short periods without reloading (Rosenthal, 2016). There is an upcoming logical debate to convince the government to ban these artilleries among the public. A large number of Americans prefer banning "assault weapons"; the same case applies to the majority of students who strongly support criminalizing the possession, receipt, transfer and manufacture of assault weapons. The congress of 1994 permitted the assault… Continue Reading...

Social Shift from Religion to Spirituality

Religion and Spirituality in a Broad Sense Spirituality and religion are two terms that have rather unstable, historically changing definitions, characterized by numerous implied and explicit theological considerations. Further, the general contention is that these definitions are either overly specific or overly generic. A more astonishing fact is, possibly, these researches' level of concurrence that spirituality represents a private, budding, personal and emotional sphere, whilst religion is more public, group-based and fairly stable. Interviews and questionnaire tools arising out of these definitions characteristically undertake measurements of the spirituality element by posing questions with regard to people's self-identity, psychological experiences, and… Continue Reading...

Silo Manufacturing Company

Silo Manufacturing Company (SMC) is situated in Beaune, France. The manufacturing company is a regional provider of grain tower, also referred to as silos, for farms. In particular, the core business of Silo Manufacturing Company is the production of the grain elevators. However, in recent periods, Silo Manufacturing Company has expanded and propagated their business to take into account the most recent and cutting-edge in agricultural engineering services for elevator design. In this case, the paper attempts to resolve a prevailing issue between Fred Ferguson, the Financial Comptroller and Peter Patrachalski, the Purchasing Director. These two executives both make different… Continue Reading...

Psychology, Financial Decision-making, and Management Of Household

bank interest. The research model used in this study is the addition of a moderating variable. The data will be collected through questionnaires that will be designed, piloted, and distributed to the target population. Questionnaires will be designed in a way that can manage to gather accurate information on the aspects of psychology, financial decision-making and management of households. It is expected that the construction of accounts subsequent to considering the ambiguous expense, classification of expenses into different categories and psychology of belief in Islamic law, have a positive relationship with the level of spending and financial decision-making. Secondly,… Continue Reading...

Muslim Americans and the Impact Of September 11th

Immigration and the Muslim Population 9/11 changed the world -- especially in the U.S. in terms of Muslim-American relations and the way the word "terror" and "terrorist" is used to identify or refer to a group of people.[footnoteRef:1] The issue of Islamaphobia became more pronounced and anti-Muslim immigration policies began to be discussed as a matter of national security.[footnoteRef:2] As -- has shown, the media has been complicit in both demonizing the Muslim community in America and promoting a view of American immigration policy that is anti-Muslim.[footnoteRef:3] This paper will show that the changes in U.S. immigration policy post 9-11… Continue Reading...

Economic Inequality and Austerity Motivator for Revolution

are the economic inequality and austerity and political representation. However, the dependent variable is a revolution. An increase in income inequality leads to a rise in a revolution in a given country. Economic Inequality and Austerity Motivator Main Driver for Revolutions The Arab country is not homogenous, and globalization has made the economy of the Arab world be interwoven with the world economy. For example, the economic crisis of the U.S. affected the economy of the Arab country, and the global economic crisis in 2008/2009 led to a drop in oil prices and tourism. Consequently, a significant decline in… Continue Reading...

Inventory and Supply Chain Management

chains, but not in a situation like this, in which demand is erratic, and supply is also variable. 2. Creating safety stock is a natural reflex to preventing future problemsin enterprise resource planning, and Dockomo should consider reducing its safety stock in accordance with the results of statistical analyses of both supply-side issues and demand forecasting. Currently, the company relies on anecdotal evidence and the prior experience of employees, which is barely better than intuition in helping to create a realistic inventory that meets actual customer needs, while also taking into account space limitations. The lack of updated inventory… Continue Reading...

Capital Investments in Emerging Markets

variables. The technique is utilized to ascertain the manner in which various values of an independent variable can have an influence on a certain dependent variable under a certain number of assumptions (Weygandt et al., 2012). General Electric Company operates in various business segments such as transportation, aviation, oil and gas, power and water. The company endeavors to invest in various projects across the globe within these business segments. The benefit for General Electric Company in using sensitivity analysis in evaluating these projects is that it will ready such project managers in the event that the project investments fail… Continue Reading...

Cost Accounting for Sleepease Ltd

necessary" absorption costing The absorption costing is the type of managerial costing where both the variable and fixed costs are charged to process or product. Thus, "absorption costing is a method for appraising or valuing a firm's total inventory by including all manufacturing costs as product costs, regardless of whether they are variable or fixed and therefore it is frequently referred as the full cost method." (Nawaz, 2013 p 50). Accordingly, the company will be able to determine costs of a product after determining both the variable costs and fixed costs. Sleepease will derive several benefits from using the absorption costing… Continue Reading...

Absorption Versus Marginal Costing at Sleepease

and portion these out to different products. So the costs would be broken out into direct materials, direct labor, variable overhead and fixed overhead, rather than the convention categories in financial accounting. Using absorption costing has a few benefits. First, it helps a company understand which products are genuinely profitable and which are not, because it accounts for the amount of time the company actually spends making the product. That gets factored into the way that the overheads are broken down among the different products. In particular, the treatment of overhead is different with absorption costing. Overhead is a… Continue Reading...

Muslim Youth Identity in Biculturalism America

Identity and Identity Construction Identity is socially constructed, a process that begins at an early age. Child rearing practices at home and school and community socialization begin the process of identity construction (Rogoff, 2003). As the individual constructs his or her own identity, exogenous forces also shape that individual's identity such as reactions to the way a person's appearance. For visible minorities, belonging to closely-knit communities in small groups can greatly enhance the process of identity construction, particularly for minority youth (Bratt, 2015). This remains true throughout the young person's life, including the person's transition from adolescence into young adulthood.… Continue Reading...

Macroeconomics and Gas Stations

.....gas station owners have no control over the price that they pay for petroleum, and only limited control over what they will end up charging the customer. The base price for crude oil is set on the basis of global supply and demand. Local prices reflect a variety of factor -- the crude price, cost of refining, cost of transportation, oil company markups and taxes (EIA, 2016). The price that consumers pay therefore reflects a variety of factors, almost none of which either the consumer nor the gas station owner has control over. This paper will discuss these factors in… Continue Reading...

Pornography Child Abuse and Coersion

¶ … Disease Control and Prevention (2016), as many as one out of every four children have experienced some type of abuse: including physical, emotional, or sexual abuse. Exposure to pornography, whether accidental or not, can be harmful to children's psychological or social development. However, coerced exposure to pornography is a more extensive form of abuse that coincides with other types of abuse including psychological, physical, and sexual abuse. Coerced child pornography may in fact be one of the most harmful types of child abuse because of the multifaceted nature of the crime. The nationwide prevalence of abuse in the… Continue Reading...

Effort and Impact on Memory

who put in less effort (less time). Methodology Method: An experimental research design will be used, in which the independent variable is the effort condition, and the dependent variable is the rate of recall. Independent variable of “effort” is measured in the amount of time the learner is exposed to both the visual image of the character and the amount of time the learner repeats the sound of the character. Dependent variable “recall” is the number of total characters each person remembers in a post-test given one hour later. The advantage to this method is the ability to test experimentally the… Continue Reading...

Research Methods

understandings of various stakeholders so as to expound on the ideas. How Concepts were operationalized and turned into variables Concept variable Measures Data collected Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development Inter -- and intragenerational justice, both equally weighted, as theoretical and ethical fundament. A global perspective, by addressing key challenges of the global community and developing goals and strategies to achieve them. An enlightened anthropocentric approach including the obligation of mankind to interact cautiously with nature based on a well-understood self-interest. Securing human existence, including basic needs and the capability of human beings to shape their lives on their own. Maintaining society's productive… Continue Reading...

19th Amendment

case of urban and Protestant and Catholic German constituencies. An operational model to suggest prohibition's superior significance as a dominant variable in comparison to turnout or partisanship among the general public explains sources of indirect and direct suffrage support, whilst also demonstrating educational commitment's impact in defining suffrage voting trends. With the exception of the West, suffrage resistance was stronger among the common people as compared to legislative elites. Amendment XIX's eventual success has been covered within the state-level voting context, in addition to America's transformed political atmosphere following its WWI entry and state governments' pioneering attempts at granting "presidential"… Continue Reading...

Diagnosing Change at Fedex

One of the first steps in the change management process is to carry out a diagnosis of the situation requiring change. This entails examining the causes, context, and rationale for the change (Russell & Russell, 2006). Proper change diagnosis ensures successful change planning and implementation. Though change may occur at different levels, including strategic, functional, and process, attention in this paper is paid to the human resource (HR) function. HR is one of the organisational functions commonly targeted for change. Increased competitive pressure, regulatory adjustments, changes in strategic orientation, as well as market and technological shifts often compel organisations to… Continue Reading...

Women and Minorities in Leadership and Stem Annotated

Annotated Bibliography Byars-Winston, A., Estrada, Y., Howard, C., Davis, D., & Zalapa, J. (2010). Influence of social cognitive and ethnic variables on academic goals of underrepresented students in science and engineering: a multiple-groups analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57(2), doi:10.1037/a0018608 • This article explores how both social cognitive and ethnic variables can play a part in determining the academic goals of people and groups that are "under-represented" within the academic sphere. The groups centered on this study include Africa-Americans, Latinos, Southeast Asians and Native Americans. There were 223 people in the study and the study itself was centered on what… Continue Reading...

College Student Development

The college atmosphere plays an integral role in the social development of students. As per the college student development theory (CSDT), college significantly contributes to students' academic, cognitive, social, psychological, as well as spiritual and moral development (Patton et al., 2016). Indeed, CSDT provides student affairs practitioners with a solid foundation for practice. More specifically, given the widespread prevalence of development-related issues in colleges, such as attrition, violence, suicide, and drug abuse, CSDT to a large extent guides and informs the work of community college counsellors. In this essay, I illustrate my personal knowledge, skills, and dispositions regarding my role… Continue Reading...

Boko Haram and Diffusion Of Innovation

the organization can also be taken into account as a variable because it reveals changes to the organization's leadership and culture. Diffusion of innovation can be difficult to quantify when it comes to examining the root causes for the third research question, but a comparison group can be drawn from another country like the Philippines to show how radical Islam functions in opposition to the established government. There are several issues with using these types of quantitative analyses including ethical issues, and issues related to research design like validity and reliability. For example, the study is quasi-experimental and uses… Continue Reading...

Feminist Perspective Of the Sex Industry

conception of prostitution, however, is somewhat simplistic. To believe that the taboo is the only negative variable attendant with prostitution is to miss an entire range of issues that attend the industry and can potentially harm women in more ways than that of social stigmatization. Hallie Rose Liberto argues that Anderson's sense of prostitution is incomplete and that there are actually two types of prostitution: "sexual-rights-alienating prostitution and sexual-rights-preserving prostitution."[footnoteRef:3] [3: Hallie Rose Liberto, "Normalizing Prostitution versus Normalizing the Alienability of Sexual Rights: A Response to Scott A. Anderson." Ethics, vol. 120, no. 1 (October, 2009), 139.] From a… Continue Reading...

Skills Needed to Be a Financial Manager

My dream job is to be a financial manager. I love the idea of managing the finances of individuals or organizations. Having a sharp interest in the micro- and macro-economic currents around the world, the various markets -- from bonds to equities to derivatives to currencies -- and the way in which events impact valuations, I enjoy the thought of being able to manage assets in a world where the risk-reward relationship is fraught with peril. It is a role the demands an executive level of commitment, foresight, caution, scope and care. My personality type, as indicated by 16 Personalities… Continue Reading...

How Hong Kong Responds to Fitness Clubs

lifestyle and look) in promoting the fitness culture, and the way that business uses this culture variable as a foundation for developing a consumer base. This will enable the paper to form a framework by which the state of the fitness industry in Hong Kong can more effectively be assessed. 2.2 Topic One: Body Image The first keyword phrase used to explore the issue of fitness and culture that I used was "body image." This keyword produced a number of sources that examined the concept of how individuals view themselves as fat, unfit, healthy, or beautiful and how this… Continue Reading...

Evaluation Management Codes

The Purpose of E/M Codes E/M codes are generic and are intended for use by all medical practitioners including nurse-practitioners, physicians and physician assistants. They can be used in both specialty care and primary care. All E/M codes can be used for reporting services. The decision on which E/M code to use is informed by which code describes most accurately the service the patient is to receive. The flexibility of E/M codes allows for easy and flexible reporting when service provided has more medical content or when more of coordination and counseling of care is given than psychotherapy (Codes and… Continue Reading...

African Terrorism and Boko Haram

one that claims to empower the disenfranchised elements of Nigerian society. Moreover, the dependent variable in the research will be related to the Nigerian economy. As a terrorist organization using destruction of public infrastructure as a military tactic, Boko Haram undermines the very causes it seeks to uphold: the economic uplifting of the people. Using these theoretical frameworks, the research will identify some of the causes of Boko Haram with the goal of identifying the most sensible solutions. Quasi-Experimental Research Design A quasi-experimental research design is experimental and tests a causal hypothesis, but lacks the strict controls of random… Continue Reading...

Need for Strong Moral Character in Criminal Justice System Participants

1.  Explain how a criminal justice agency can ensure that it hires moral individuals. Criminal justice leaders are public servants responsible to their community. This responsibility, together with the huge amount of control and influence they have, necessitates that they display superior levels of ethical and moral conduct. Ethical practice guidelines remind criminal justice heads to realize the divide between integrity and friendship; corporate objectives and adeptness and client interests; between personal prejudices, interests, and views and professional values. In this respect, all law enforcement leaders are required to refrain from unethical conduct when carrying out their duties. Ethicality is… Continue Reading...

Solow Growth Model and Unemployment

The concept of the business cycle is that the rate of growth in an economy will shift over time, but in a more or less repeatable pattern. The structure of the pattern is, roughly, that economies will grow quickly, then a turning point will occur and the economy will turn into recession. After a trough, the business cycle will begin anew with a fresh period of growth. For most Western economies, characterized by rising populations, intensive resource exploitation and continuous technological improvements, are on a long-run growth trend in their GDP. The business cycle should be identifiable outside of that… Continue Reading...

Organizational Leadership

How might researchers study the effectiveness of inclusive leadership with regard to overall organizational effectiveness and competitiveness? Why is this effective methodology? Researchers may achieve this by combining longitudinal and cross-sectional technique. The sample for the research will be chosen from the whole economic sector or from maximum possible industries such as banks, telecommunication, the public sector, construction and building, hospitality, agriculture, and so forth. This way, generalization of extended and replicated study outcomes may be achieved more confidently for a bigger group of individuals. Respondents will be administered the following Likert scales: Inclusive Leadership, Personnel Creativity, Personnel Work Engagement,… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Designs

Generally, research may be quantitative or qualitative. Nonetheless, the usage of the two methods at the same time is common -- the mixed methods approach. Indeed, using both qualitative and quantitative approaches overcomes the limitations inherent in each approach, resulting in a better understanding of the research problem (Creswell & Clark, 2011). This paper identifies the major components of mixed methods research design and the strengths and weaknesses of the design. The paper also examines the relevance of the design to criminal justice agencies. The mixed methods design has a number of components. The first step is to define the… Continue Reading...

Experimental Designs

not influenced by other variables) and dependent variables (variables influenced by the independent variables). The treatment variable must be one of the independent variables (Creswell, 2014). Once variables are defined, the researcher must describe the instruments used to measure the variables. This involves explaining the development of the instruments as well as their items, scales, validity, and reliability (Creswell, 2014). This is a particularly important step as lack of instrument validity and reliability may undermine the eventual findings (Thomas, 2009). The researcher must also describe the materials administered for the experimental treatment. The component of procedures involves describing the… Continue Reading...

How Diversification Can Help Ceos Financially

Companies and Diversification Akpinar, O, and Yigit, I. (2016). The Relationship Between Diversification Strategy and Firm Performance in Developed and Emerging Economy Contexts: Evidence from Turkey, Italy And the Netherlands. Journal of Economic and Social Development, 3(2), 78-86. This research encompassed a close look at data from 166 firms in the Netherlands, 265 firms in Italy, and 128 firms in Turkey (using data from 2007-2011). The point of the research was to explore the difference between various types of diversification and production performance in those three nations. Akpinar (professor, Kocaseli University in Kocaseli Turkey), and Yigit (business faculty member at… Continue Reading...

Research Paper Topic and Annotated Bibliography

Selection of Research Paper Topic An analysis of the link between hopefulness, quality of life (QOL) and internalized stigma among autistic kids' parents is the objective of the current research. Autism impacts the patient as well as their parents, who require wide-ranging support services. The entire family of autism patients gets distressed during its attempts at raising the patient/child, potentially leading to diverse psychological and social problems among family members. Therefore, when catering to special needs kids and developing interventions and initiatives for autism-diagnosed kids, mental healthcare providers and social workers need to consider parental mental health status. Family members… Continue Reading...

Improving Healthcare Practitioner Communication Skills

my working style score were the relatively high scores for the "examine" variable, suggesting that my working style is highly organized, detail-oriented and methodical, which I consider a personal strength. These findings conform to what others have observed about my working style in the past as well as my own preferences for using a step-wise approach to problem-solving and situation analysis. Conversely, the working style score also indicated a challenge with respect to the "explore" variable, suggesting that there needs to be more effort made to ensure that as much information about a situation is gathered prior to making… Continue Reading...

World History

Jerry H. Bentley, the word "world history" has different meanings for different societies. While some may define it as a broad analysis of the whole world's history, others believe it implies foreign history. But, this word doesn't actually correspond to either definition. It denotes historical learning which undertakes an overt comparison of experiences beyond individual societal boundaries or studies interactions among individuals hailing from diverse communities or studies broad historical processes and trends which extend beyond discrete communities. Besides highlighting cross-cultural dealings in a historical context, one chief concern of the major part of modern world history deals with constructing… Continue Reading...

Elements Of Marketing Strategy

Marketing Segmentation is dividing customers according to "distinct characteristics, needs or behaviors.". This is distinct from targeting, which takes those segments and then seeks to determine how valuable each segment is to the business. So the targets are roughly the segments, put into order of attractiveness. Positioning is how the product's messaging will position the product for each segment. What this really means is finding the messaging that will appeal to each target market, based on its needs and behaviors, as identified during the segmentation process. Dolan notes that there are several different common segmentation variables (p.12). There are demographic… Continue Reading...

Possession Time As Indicator Of Basketball Team Efficiency

Starting Point for Analyzing Basketball Statistics" by Kubatko, Oliver, Pelton and Rosenbaum (2007) Concept: Like almost all other sports, basketball is a game of numbers but there has been a dearth of peer reviewed research concerning the basic quantifiable variables such as per-minute statistics, offensive and defensive ratings, plays, true shooting percentage, pace adjustments, effective field goal percentage, and rebound rates, among others, that are used to measure player and team performance in terms of efficiency with the basketball. Based on the centrality of the amount of time players have possession of the basketball during games, Kubatko and his associates… Continue Reading...

Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Research

Mixed Methods Research Two important aspects of qualitative research relates to the role of the researcher and the manner in which knowledge is viewed. These two aspects fundamentally distinguish qualitative research from quantitative research (Creswell, 2014). In qualitative research, the researcher seeks to cultivate a closer relationship with the subject(s). This means that the researcher focuses on a single or a small number of subjects, and utilises designs that allow closer interaction with the subjects such as in-depth interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. Cultivating a closer relationship with the subjects is informed by the need to gain a deeper… Continue Reading...

Race Identity and the Ontology Philosophy Of Race

them as black -- because of what Mills refers to as the variable of bodily appearance. Whether others are white or black, the family has white features and only a genetic test would highlight their heritage. They are aware of their heritage, as is Ally, but they react to and choose their identity differently with Ally opting for white privilege and the family members opting to find a source of pride in their African-American ancestry. Their situation showcases the concept of "hypodescent," in which the speck of African-American blood removes one from pure white status, as one is considered… Continue Reading...

Biculturalism and How to Create Multiple Identities

al., 2008, p. 274) However the family is the most salient variable because a person can be monocultural even in a bicultural community. Biculturalism is Adaptive As diverse as it is, the research does show that biculturalism is adaptive and promotes psychological and social functioning. Schwartz & Unger (2010) found that it is all about context; if in a bicultural or heterogeneous place like major city then biculturalism is adaptive and strengthening; if in a monocultural place like the Midwest, then can be a detriment whether a blended identity or minority. However, Sirin, Bikmen, Mir et al. (2008) found… Continue Reading...

Use Of the Scientific Method

used as evidence in a criminal proceeding, an accurate ruling is made by the court." The independent variable in this hypothesis is "eyewitness testimony" while the dependent variable is "the ruling of the court." The testing of this hypothesis will help in indicating the extent with which eyewitness testimony can be relied upon as an accurate representation of an event. It is expected that the use of the scientific method is examining this issue will highlight facts and issues that help in determining a suitable answer to the problem of reliability of eyewitness testimony. The expected outcomes of the… Continue Reading...

Observation Plan for Nurse Leader

As a "guardian of care," a nurse leader fulfills one of the most important roles in healthcare. All aspiring nurses and nurse leaders need to learn by observation and critical analysis of what a nurse leader does and how nurse leaders make their decisions. Observing a nurse leader entails documenting details of the day, with a goal of recognizing themes. The following is a plan of observation of a nurse leader who is actively engaged in their role. Methodologies The plan of observation is to serve as participant-observer, in a classic ethnographic role. This means that as an observer, I… Continue Reading...

Reactions in Parents Of Children with Life Threatening Illness

be recorded in terms of standard stress and depression tools that are available. Both variable seem to make sense in this case based off the literature review that is provided. Sampling This paper reports the results from wave one of a prospective, longitudinal study; the Take a Breath study, which is being conducted at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), Melbourne, Australia; a state-wide, tertiary, pediatric hospital treating seriously ill children. Data were collected from participating parents within four weeks of child diagnosis or hospital admission between November 2010 and August 2012 (Muscara, et al., 2015). • Participants included parents… Continue Reading...

Ibm Operations Forecasting Technique

Square 0,00 Standard Error 5,34 Observations 18,00 ANOVA df SS MS F Significance F Regression 1,00 28,93 28,93 1,02 0,33 Residual 16,00 455,57 28,47 Total 17,00 484,50 Coefficients Standard Error t Stat P-value Lower 95% Upper 95% Lower 95,0% Upper 95,0% Intercept 1992,97 14,47 137,69 0,00 1962,28 2023,65 1962,28 2023,65 X variable 1 0,16 0,16 1,01 0,33 -0,17 0,49 -0,17 0,49 Exponential Smoothing The exponential smoothing is another forecasting technique used and the result is presented in Fig 2 and Table 2. Fig 2: Exponential Smoothing Forecasting Table 2: Forecast using Exponential Smoothing Year Revenue ($ Billion) Forecast with Exponential Smoothing 1999 87,55 2000 88,4 2001 83,07 87,635 2002 81,19 87,867 2003 89,13 82,882 2004 96,29 81,984 2005 91,13 89,846 2006 91,42 95,774 2007 98,79 91,159 2008 103,63 92,157 2009 95,76 99,274 2010 98,87 102,843 2011 106,92 96,071 2012 104,51 99,675… Continue Reading...

Psy 620 Psychology and Cognitive Science Journals

Week 1 1.  Although I was familiar with the main ideas and technical vocabulary we encountered in this week's readings on learning acquisition and development in cognitive psychology, there are a few terms that are worth exploring in more depth or may be unfamiliar to some of my less educated peers. For example, Wiley & Dee (2011) use the term "mentalistic," which is not a commonly used word and is not even located in the Word dictionary. For example, the sentence they use is: "Mentalistic terms, such as belief and desire, were branded as superfluous and unscientific, and removed from… Continue Reading...

Traditional Costing and Activity Based Costing Approaches

Activity-based Costing is a potent tool for an organization and assists in obtaining accurate and efficacious cost for precluding cost misrepresentation that may give rise to sustainable development and growth. Activity-based costing (ABC) was established and has been promoted as an approach of overcoming the systematic falsifications of traditional cost accounting and bringing significance back to managerial accounting. In particular, a traditional costing system reports the amount of money that is spent and by who, but its shortcomings lie in the fact that it does not report the cost of activities and processes (Mahal and Hossain, 2015). ABC systems attain… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Learning Memory Cognition

Emotions affect how memories are processed, stored, and retrieved, which also impacts how learning takes place. Perhaps more importantly, emotions impact cognitive processes and learning. Neuroscience shows the ways thoughts are processed depends on one's cultural context and also emotional states. Thinking styles may be also linked to the learning process, as Zhang & Sternberg (2010) point out, and thinking styles are themselves related to cultural variables. The ways people process information therefore has to do with social learning as well as emotional learning and memory. Certain types of emotions may be more conducive to specific types of learning styles… Continue Reading...

Is over Population Happening in the World

Malthus and Overpopulation Malthus was correct in a limited context regarding population. In some parts of the world, cities -- such as Dhaka, Hong Kong, and Mumbai -- are very densely populated and may be considered overpopulated given the square footage per person ratios (Smith). They are overcrowded and individuals are packed into these cities in much the same way sardines are packed into tins. In these regions, Malthus's assertion, that population increases geometrically while food supply increases arithmetically, can be discerned as evidently true based on the configurations of the people in the region. However, when one looks at… Continue Reading...

Study on Parents with Autistic Children

Autism is a problem with significant negative impacts on affected children and their parents/families who require wide-ranging support services for their children. For family members, the condition generates distress when raising the affected child due to the psychological and social problems it creates. Therefore, the consideration of parental mental health is an important aspect for social workers and mental healthcare providers when attending to these special needs' kids and creating interventions for children diagnosed with autism. In this regard, the research problem to be examined in this study is the link between hopefulness, quality of life (QOF) and internalized stigma… Continue Reading...

Behaviorally Targeted Ads As Implied Social Labels Article Analysis

Introduction  The objective of this study is to review an article titled “An Audience of One: Behaviorally Targeted Ads as Implied Social Labels”  (Summers, et al. 2016 p 156). The authors argue that firms have relied on targeting to communicate effectively with a group of consumers. Targeting is the segmentation that involves selection from a smaller group of people based on defined variables.  A common type of segmentation variables that firms use includes demographic variables using the gender and ethnicity as well as psychographic variables that include lifestyle, personality and values.  However, an advanced in technology, and widespread of the… Continue Reading...

Research Designs in Developmental Research

Development Change Research Issue Developmental change is a broad topic that incorporate several sub-topics relating to an individual's growth and development. The broad nature of this topic emerges from the fact that its an approach that is geared towards explaining how infants, children, and adults change over a period of time. The process of explaining individuals' developmental changes over time involves examining a wide range of theoretical areas including biological, cognitive, emotional, and social domains. Additionally, there are different research designs that are utilized in developmental research including longitudinal, sequential, and cross-sectional research approaches (Berk & Meyers, 2016). These different… Continue Reading...

Digitalization to Enhance Customer Satisfaction at Apm Terminals

While digitalization has been shown to positively influence customer satisfaction in organizations in diverse sectors and industries, there has been little scholarly attention to the port industry. Focusing on APM Terminals, one of the largest container terminal and port management companies in the world, the proposed study seeks to fill this gap in literature. The study will take the mixed methods approach. In business, the significance of customer satisfaction cannot be overemphasized. Indeed, with increasingly many firms providing similar goods or services, dissatisfied customers can easily look for other alternatives. Accordingly, firms do whatever it takes to retain customers and… Continue Reading...

Enron Ethics and Leadership Failures

Ethics and Leadership Failures: The Enron Case Gibney's 2005 documentary film Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room reveals some of the main ethical weaknesses in an unbridled neoliberal capitalist market system. Barely addressing environmental and social justice issues, the filmmakers instead choose to focus on organizational culture, leadership, and ethical decision making within the corporation. The film illustrates the core concepts of business ethics and shows how executives shape company values and behaviors. Disturbingly, the Enron case also shows how unethical corporate behavior is linked with unethical behavior in government. Summarize in one paragraph how you would explain Enron's… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

gun violence and firearms regulations. If firearms regulations are the primary variable in impacting gun violence in Europe, it is expected that regional rates will vary based on the strictness of gun laws. Variance and Ownership There are numerous reasons for why civilians own guns in Europe. Some are for sport, others for hunting and others for protection. See Appendix 2 for a complete listing of the reasons given for why owners possess firearms in a survey conducted by Eurobarometer. The most comprehensive data on this subject of ownership variance, however, comes from the Small Arms Survey (2007), which… Continue Reading...

Julie's Psychological Assessment Report

Julie's Psychological Assessment Report The psychological assessment is defined as a process of using the combinations of techniques to test the hypothesis about an individual personality, behaviors, and capabilities. In other words, psychological assessment is synonymous to the psychological testing used to carry out the thorough assessment of the individual. Typically, a psychological professional develops a psychological assessment report to carry out an assessment of the current needs of individuals. The report can be the summary of the services delivered to a group or individuals. Moreover, the evaluation is carried out to assess the competencies, and abilities individual in different… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Employability Of Graduates

Emotional intelligence in the concept of this paper is the independent variable that stands to influence the other variable. The graduate employability is the variable that gets affected by the independent variable, one that is can be increased or lowered, made better or worse by the presence of the independent variable. The increase of the independent variable or the presence of it can mean the dependent variable becomes affected but the absence or presence of the dependent variable does not in any way affect the independent variable. EI can significantly determine the traits that one possesses hence the employability… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Poverty on the Brain

.....backed by other research works, is chiefly grounded in Luby and coworkers' 2013 research project titled "The Effects of Poverty on Childhood Brain Development: The Mediating Effect of Caregiving and Stressful Life Events". It was obtained from EBSCOhost's database via a search activity, utilizing the expression "poverty and the brain". Poverty during the early childhood stage of life has an adverse effect on the development of the individual's brain, as indicated by school-goers' MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans (Lipina & Colombo, 2009; Lende, 2012). That environmental stimuli serve to enhance the production of hippocampal cells within lab animals in comparison… Continue Reading...

Evaluating Success Of a New Venture 3 Squares

research, and innovation. There are also fixed costs such as raw products costs, or restaurant acquisitions. The variable costs incurred include salaries and wages, power and water bills, among others. The firm operates in perfectly competitive markets in which there are easy entry and exit as long as one can afford to raise the required capital and to start the business. All the businesses of the company are of the perfect competition category (Lang & Heasman, 2015). Sustainability Most businesses are affected by international (global) competition, and 3 Square Restaurant is no exception. Globalization is reducing the business distance,… Continue Reading...

Overall Health in Fargo North Dakota

Care of Vulnerable Populations COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT, ANALYSIS, and NURSING INTERVENTION • Week 1: Windshield Survey and Key Informant Interviews. Complete the First Section of the course template and submit. (Keep this section attached to Weeks 2 and 3 assignments.) • Week 2: Statistical Analysis of Community Health Problem. Complete the Second Section of the course template and submit. (Keep this section attached to Weeks 1 and 3 assignments.) • Week 3: Community Health Nursing Intervention. Complete the Third Section of the course template and submit. By now, you should have Sections 1-3 as one whole document. • Each section of… Continue Reading...

Cognition and Learning

Increasing of skills and knowledge and even knowledge of the society cannot be possible without social interactions. That is the basis of the social cognitive theory as it brings together attitudinal and cognitive effects. The major forms of continuous learning are via the environment, the web, media houses and social communications. The intensity of the effect this new knowledge would have on people is dependent on their individual mindsets. Social communication (as earlier stated) is a major way of increasing knowledge and deriving meaning from these. In this handbook, we have given a thorough breakdown of social cognition and the… Continue Reading...

Stuart Cellars Case and Marketing Mix

pricing is complex, dependent on many factors including the fixed and variable costs of production. Depending on the location, the cost of actually operating vineyards or purchasing grapes from community vineyards will be factored into the overall production costs. Similarly, the labor costs may vary depending on the time of year and the demand for specific skilled service positions within Stuart Cellars including managerial positions. An industry rule of thumb is that a bottle of wine will be priced at 1/1000 the cost of a ton of grapes ("Video Case 12," n.d.). If Stuart Cellars were to purchase additional… Continue Reading...

Best Practices in Supply Chains

Both involve the average inventory level. 8) Tires Wheels Hubcaps Caps for car tire innertubes Polish Tires and wheels are highest because they need to be variable no matter what due to their importance and price point. The other items are mostly for show and thus are less important 9) A) Overall, the cross-dock with zero time would be better since the goods would go straight from an income shipment to the stores. If they go to the lead time is added between the retail outlets and manufacturing facility, both stores would see longer waits B) The retail outlets 10) Longer but less variable. Variability should… Continue Reading...

Annotated Bibliography on Corruption

of a negative binomial regression analysis, they saw that the violent crime rate presents as the singular environmental variable influence corruption in the form of police misconduct. The study provides a synthesis of information that can lead to a discovery of what specifically fuels corruption in law enforcement: police officers. Elbahnasawy, N. G. (2014). E-Government, Internet Adoption, and Corruption: An Empirical Investigation. World Development, 57, 114-126. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.12.005 An empirical study investigating the influence of internet adoption as well as e-government on diminishing corruption through the utilization of a big panel dataset. The researchers revealed that the e-government serves as… Continue Reading...

Assessment Of Communication Effectiveness

Communication Effectiveness of Made at TU Organization Made at TU Organization is an organization that existed at The University of Tulsa since the 1970s in order to help mechanical engineering students fund their projects. The organization was founded after the then Dean, Steve Bellovich, became interested in the efforts by mechanical engineering students at the institution to develop projects that help meet the needs of the local residents suffering from physical and developmental disabilities (The University of Tulsa, n.d.). Since its inception, Made at TU has developed to become an important student organization in this academic institution through leadership and… Continue Reading...

Accounting Gaap and Ifrs

two consolidation models, which are the voting model and the variable interest model. The latter assess control on the basis of ascertaining which party has power and benefits. The former assesses control on the basis of prevailing voting rights. Imperatively, initially all entities are examined as potential variable entities. If it is not, then it is assessed for control with respect to the voting model. On the other hand, different from GAAP, IFRS offers a single control model for all entities, encompassing structured entities. In addition, it is important to note that in GAAP potential voting rights are in… Continue Reading...

Multivariate Statistics Compare and Contrast

Multivariate Techniques There is a number of mathematical and statistical tools that businesses use to survive and thrive in their respective markets. Some of the math involved is quite simple and basic. Examples of such basic operations would include percentages, standard deviations and so forth. However, there are some fields and realms where much more intricate mathematics are involved and statistics would be a common example of such a complex method. This brief report shall specifically cover the use of multivariate statistics. Three of the more common manifestations of multivariate statistics are factor analysis, cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling. While… Continue Reading...

Changing Organizational Structures to Learning Organization

Organizational Change and Management Organizations have set goals and objectives that should be achieved within a specified period. For organizations to achieve them, they should have structures that would ensure that the needed activities are done in the desired way. Maguire (2012) defines the organizational structure as the way in which people are grouped to get work done in a firm. It forms the basis for the development of an effective relationship between different stakeholders such as managers and the employees. Organizational structures can be grouped into different types that include matrix, functional, and divisional structures among others. Evidence shows… Continue Reading...

Correlation Between Variables Understanding Business Forecasts

Part 1 variable A: Number of school lunch eligible students in the school variable B: Amount of funding received by the school for federal and state education-related programs Correlation: Positive Correlation Reason: The higher the number of school lunch eligible students, the higher the rate of subsidy variable A: Impact of subsidy received variable B: Age of students at school Correlation: Negative correlation Reason: The subsidy had a greater degree of response in elementary schools than it did in high schools variableContinue Reading...

Alcohol Use and Sex Crimes

Social science researchers can use either qualitative or quantitative strategies to develop informed and timely answers to their research questions, but these two approaches involve analyzing fundamentally different data sets. On the one hand, qualitative researchers can use various methods such as case studies, ethnographic studies, phenomenological studies, grounded theory, narrative and/or content analyses (Neuman, 2009). On the other hand, social science researchers can use quantitative strategies such as observational studies, correlational research, experimental, quasi-experimental and survey designs (Neuman, 2009). While both qualitative and quantitative research questions seek to gain new insights into a given phenomenon, there are also basic… Continue Reading...

Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance

Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance: A Multiple Mediational Analysis David R. Topor, Susan P. Keane, Terri L. Shelton, and Susan D. Calkins Numerous studies have shown a clear positive relationship between the involvement of a parent in a child's education, and the academic performance of the child. This particular study seeks to explore the mechanisms of the said association. On that front, only two potential mechanisms are taken into consideration. These, according to the authors, include; 1) the quality of the relationship between the teacher and the student, and 2) the child's perception of cognitive competence. A total of… Continue Reading...

Criminology in America

Research and compare and contrast education in America. Dr. Carson grew up in poverty and claims education is the reason for his success. Is this an accurate statement? How does education impact directly or indirectly crime in America? Next, choose a district in an inner city and one in a non-urban area. Discuss the educational programs in each and then discuss the crime statistics within each area. What conclusions can you draw regarding education and its effect on crime in the area? Several explanations of this have been thoroughly elaborated and they are based on the traditions popular in poverty-stricken… Continue Reading...

Correlation and Statistical Models

What is the independent variable (IV)? Social class and opinions are the independent variable (IV). What is the dependent variable (DV)? Welfare policy is the dependent variable (DV). What level of measurement do both the independent variable and dependent variable use? The independent variable uses 1,2, and 3 as the level of measurement. The dependent variable also uses 1, 2 and 3 as the level of measurement. Calculate the column percentage of each cell in this table? Table A. CROSS TABULATION, WELFARE POLICY OPINIONS BY SOCIAL CLASS WELFARE *… Continue Reading...

Norway and Germany Compared to Us in Incarceration

not just re-incarceration (which might not be for a new crime); and the follow-up time in Europe is variable, ranging from one to eight years" (Subramanian, Shames, 2013, p. 6). This shows that the two countries take a more humanistic approach to measure recidivism: they are not simply gauging whether a person has been put in prison again but whether a person has actually been convicted. Likewise, they are looking at the crime committed -- whether it was for something new or for the same thing as before. They are looking at each situation and each person uniquely and… Continue Reading...

Practice 1 and 2

too little money, or about the right amount?" Questions: 1. Which variable listed above are ordinal-level variables? __Opinion, Social Class, _ 2. Which variables are nominal? __Gender, _ 3. Which variables are interval-level? _Income, _ 4. Which variables are dichotomous? ___Age, _ Lecture 2 Practice Asian females respond to a survey about their federal pay grade. Respondent # #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 #7 #8 #9 #10 #11 #12 #13 #14 #15 #16 Responses 3 6 9 6 4 9 11 6 14 7 4 7 12 4 11 3 Respondent # #17 #18 #19 #20 #21 #22 #23 #24… Continue Reading...

Autocratic and Transformation Leadership

trust and value congruence. Performance represents the distal result variable of faith in one's leader. Under a transformational leader, team members' cognitive confidence and joint efficiency might develop in the phase of team development, functioning as two process variables which account for distal team performance (Chou, Lin, & Chang, 2013). The Princess Bride (Contingency -- Fiedler Model) The approach to leadership apparent in the given clip from "The Princess Bride" was the contingency model proposed by Fiedler. This theory claims that leadership efficacy is contingent on the circumstance. The theorist posits that group climate ought to be evaluated independently… Continue Reading...

Practice Of Dumping Essay

A Utilitarianism Analysis of the Practice of Dumping Introduction Coined by Mother Jones magazine, the term “dumping” is used to describe the practice of selling products in other countries, typically developing nations, after they have been banned for sale in the United States. Although still widely practiced, dumping has been criticized as an immoral business practices that inevitably causes harm to others, usually for profit or to avoid the financial losses that would be caused by being forced to withdraw products from the marketplace. To determine the validity of these criticisms, this paper provides a review of Case 1.1, “Made… Continue Reading...

Media Theory Essay

Introduction Cyberterrorism, illegal (and legal) espionage, piracy, and cybercrimes differ from their pre-digital counterparts in serious and meaningful ways. For one, the nature of online social interactions diverges from that of face-to-face or even voice-only interactions due to the shields of anonymity. Second, technological prophylactics ranging from encryption to skillful network architecture can add multiple levels of protection to shield perpetrators while exposing the weaknesses in a less advanced consumer public. Third, the rapid advancement of artificially intelligent systems creates new possible realities and problems, as non-human actors become part of increasingly complex systems. Finally, digital media has enabled formal… Continue Reading...

Intelligence Simulation Essay

lack of definitional clarity. In this regard, Marcus and Rossi conclude that, “Intelligence is a multidimensional variable, and no one test could possibly ever be definitive truly to measure it” (2016, p. 4).  While the Turing test represented an innovative approach when it was developed, the test has since become more of an “exercise in deception” instead of a “true measure of anything especially correlated with intelligence” (Marcus & Rossi, 2016, p. 4). As an example, Marcus and Rossi cite the chatbot “Eugene Goostman” who purportedly was the first AI application to pass the Turing test by deceiving one-third… Continue Reading...

Human Trafficking Essay

there is a common denominator of exploitation involved. According to Mathews, “The common variable for all victims is that they are exploited, whether by a family member, their community, or even a corrupt government. How and why this exploitation permeates young lives is found in varying explanations in countries around the world.” For example, some researchers have maintained that the lack of a universal definition for "child" has contributed to the problem of human trafficking because without a common definition, it is not possible to identify who is being victimized. Indeed, although the United Nations Convention on the Rights… Continue Reading...

Student Loans Essay

federal loans because private loans are typically charged at higher and variable interest rates. In fact, the majority of the recent complaints from student borrowers have related to being manipulated by loan servicers in ways that bilk them out of even more money. For instance, the editors of American Banker point out that, “Many of the 3,800 private student loan complaints that the CFPB reviewed from October 2012 through September were related to payment processing issues, particularly when the borrower tried to pay off the debt early or set up a certain periodic payment structure but incurred a fee… Continue Reading...

Harlem Renaissance Poems

the work of Harlem Renaissance writers and poets was variable and diverse. Countee Cullen is unique among Harlem Renaissance poets. Many of his works reflect the English poetic traditions, even more so than American or African-American ones. “Cullen considered the Anglo-American poetic heritage to belong as much to him as to any white American of his age,” (“Harlem Renaissance: American Literature and Art”). Implicit in Cullen’s poetic styles and formats was the belief in a blended identity, and yet the poem “Simon the Cyrenian Speaks” shows that Cullen indeed did struggle with the double consciousness. Langston Hughes took a… Continue Reading...

Feeding Intolerance Integrative Review Paper

Introduction Despite major medical advancements over several decades, nearly 10 percent of births in the US continue to occur prematurely each year (Martin, Hamilton, Osterman, Driscoll, & Matthews, 2017). Creating a significant socioeconomic burden, preterm birth is one of the leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States resulting in approximately $16.9 billion in medical care costs annually (Institute of Medicine [IOM], 2007). After days, weeks, or even months of intensive care, weight gain becomes a major criterion for hospital discharge. Feeding intolerance (FI) is a common complication among these preterm infants, which disrupts enteral feeding, resulting… Continue Reading...

Religious Revolution

I. MY QUESTION The topic of religious revolution interests me because much of history has been shaped by religious revolution. Consider the history of the West. The rise of Constantine to the seat of the Emperor in the early 4th century allowed Christianity to flourish. The Roman Catholic Church became deeply influential some 400 years later with Charlemagne, who was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by the Pope in 800. Religious revolution broke out in Europe with the Protestants, led by Luther, Zwingli, Knox, Calvin and Henry VIII. Their actions led to a revolution in the West that changed the nature… Continue Reading...

Criminal Psychology Annotated Bibliography

Research Question: When do police interrogation techniques lead to false confessions/false witness testimony, and how can false confessions be prevented? Annotation1 Reference: Forrest, K.D., Wadkins, T.A. & Larson, B.A. (2006). Suspect personality, police interrogations, and false confessions: Maybe it is not just the situation. Personality and Individual Differences 40(3): 621-628. Annotation: The authors empirically test the hypothesis that there are personality traits that might be associated with false confessions. The authors recognize that prior research has often focused on environmental factors in the police interrogation setting, but that personality and individual difference might also have a bearing on a person’s… Continue Reading...

Public Funding and the Police

Law Enforcement and the Budget The most important stakeholders in the public finance of law enforcement organizations are the tax payers. Without taxes collected, the government could not afford to fund organizations. Municipal taxes, bonds, grants and more all go to fund law enforcement organizations. State and local taxes pay salaries and pensions for retiring officers, and yet still many municipal, state and federal level law enforcement agencies are required to borrow in order to meet structural requirements. Many cities run a continual budgetary deficit, with mounting debts putting pensions at risk. This is common across America with states like… Continue Reading...

How to Introduce Business to Social Media

1) A great idea to introduce a company to social media websites like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest, and YouTube? It is hard to imagine a business surviving without some social media presence. Introducing a business to social media is important for several reasons. The first and most obvious is that social media is a marketing tool, and a flexible one. Various forms of social media, or social media platforms, allow the company to deliver a cohesive, consistent message using multimedia. For example, Pinterest and Instagram rely primarily on visuals like video and photos. Companies can use Pinterest and Instagram to… Continue Reading...

Understanding Hinduism and Buddhism

are the past, present, and future occurrences. However, the real variable given to the element of time is that it is relative. The brief introduction of the word Maya brings us to look at the reality that has been displayed by the Upanishads. When we look at any given machine, what comes to mind first is the different elements brought together to make the object mobile. A machine is considered to have individual parts that make a realistic comprise and has a purpose. This is similar to our realization of things in the world. From the concept, we look… Continue Reading...

Testing Reliability and the Mitigation Of Risk

Discussion 1: I have used many different types of assessments in my classes in the past. I would use student self-assessment, portfolio assessment, observational (informal) assessment, and formal assessment such as tests, quizzes and exams. I felt that the more varied your assessment methods, the more reflective of the student’s overall abilities the score at the end would be. Student self-assessments allow students a chance to review their work on their own and judge their performance; it promotes active engagement with their work instead of passive engagement with whatever assessment the teacher gives. Portfolio assessments are good because they allow… Continue Reading...

How to Apply for and Receive a Student Loan

The choice to borrow money is never an easy one. Kyle needs to consider the loan as an investment in himself. A person like Kyle, who has a clear plan about his future and how he intends to build a career, has solid chances of being able to pay off the loan. It is people who are afraid to take financial risks that end up missing out on opportunities, neither achieving their dreams nor financial security. As long as Kyle applies for the right kind of loan, learning about his options and how to pay the loan back effectively, he… Continue Reading...

Assessments Of Personality Types and Careers

their job is to analyze statistical data related to public health, mortality rates, accident rates, and any other variable that might be related to insurance or public policy. Goals include risk forecasting, or projections of liability costs. However, being an actuary is more than crunching numbers. Actuaries are responsible for making clear judgments based on the data, and need to think critically about the material. Actuaries’ judgments and decisions matter, which is another reason why this career field appeals to me. It is not just about generating numbers and raw data, but about applying those numbers to the real… Continue Reading...

Leadership and Research Methods

the intercorelations between the research variables.  The first three variables acted as level 1 variable while the last one was level 2 variable.  The researchers examined the link between level 1 and level 2 variable in which an alpha of 0.05 was used as the cutoff for significance. In statistical testing, a probability value of less than or equal to 0.05 (p ? 0.05) indicates strong evidence against the null hypothesis, which implies that the null hypothesis is rejected.  In this study, the statistical testing of Hypothesis 1 using variables of empowering leadership, need for autonomy, and self-leadership generated… Continue Reading...

An Explanation Of the Definition Of Science

Science is a “way of knowing,” meaning that it is one way of ascertaining the truth about the world. Although it is not the only way of knowing, it is the most reliable way of knowing the physical universe because it is based on systematic, rigorous methods of testing, experimentation, and calculated observations. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (2017), science yields “unbiased and verifiable information to make important decisions,” (p. 1). The scientific method is used to acquire and analyze information. Using the scientific method, it is possible to test hypotheses again and again, to come up with… Continue Reading...

Probability Of Inflation or Deflation

Money and Inflation One of the most challenging issues in the modern economic environment is whether inflation or deflation will occur in the near future. This issue has become controversial and divisive among economists because of the volatile economic times. The nature of the modern economic environment has made it difficult for economists to agree on whether inflation or deflation is likely to be experienced in the future. While some economic analysts hold the view that a big increase in inflation is likely to occur in the coming years, others contend that deflation will occur. An example of the difference… Continue Reading...

Psychoanalysis and the Different Types Of Research

1. Freud’s five stages of psychosocial development include the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. Although Freud did not test his theories empirically, on a conceptual level, these five stages do make some sense. Progression through the five stages is impeded when a person becomes fixated, their libido or drive directed towards self-fulfillment. Tension between what the id wants (especially instant gratification of any desire), and what the superego believes it should have creates neuroses, according to Freud. The ego is positioned like a mediator between the id’s desires and the superego’s restrictions and rules, creating a sense of self… Continue Reading...

Bethseda Mining Case Study

620,000 tons, 680,000 tons, 730,000 tons and 590,0000 tons 3. Fixed costs amounts to $4.1 million each year 4. The variable costs amount to $31 for every ton 5. Net working capital is 5 percent of the sales. This will be built up in the year before the sales 6. Spot sales of excess coal are $77 for every ton 7. Land: Purchase cost is $4 million. The land is held for ten years, after/tax sale currently $6.5 million 8. $2.7 million is necessitated for reclamation at year 5 9. Donation of land for $6 million deduction 10. Equipment cost of… Continue Reading...

Crowdsourcing and Quality Control

Quality Control Variables CrowdFlower offers a number of different options for quality control. Variables include setting contributors – and you can choose internal, external or both. You can set the contributors by geography or language, which would for example allow you greater granularity when translating into languages with a lot of regional variants, such as French or Spanish, and this can also be set by capability level. A company can use test questions to gauge the accuracy of the platform – and to help identify contributors who are best suited for the role. A company with a particular vertical could… Continue Reading...

Music and Gym Workout

Abstract Music may be counted among the strongest neurobiological tools at hand for altering individual moods, conduct and attitudes. What effect does it have on us in relation to the promotion of hatred and violent behavior? In what way does it shape people’s explanatory approach and minds? An inherent relationship has been found between mood and music. Scholars constantly attempt at objectively explaining the occurrence of such influences. Research works demonstrate that music engages, within the listener, a broad array of psychology-influencing neurobiological systems (Bergland, 2012).  Music apparently impacts an individual’s physical performance by enhancing vigor with shifting rhythms and… Continue Reading...

Self Organization and Netlogo

There are primarily two different connotations of the term self organization. The first pertains to the way that a system found in nature or in any natural state organizes itself. If there is no central authority or mediator involved, and the state is able to organize itself into patterns of production at a localized level, then self organization has been achieved. Perhaps the best example of this fact is found in the way a flock of birds create a singular formation when they take to the sky. There is no central authority, yet simply from the interactions between the birds… Continue Reading...

Suicide Among Psychiatric Patients

and which specific meditation instructions were given. The addition of the time (T) variable to the PICOT analysis might also be helpful. For example, does the meditation intervention yield results after three months, six months, or one year? The comparison (C) is like a control group in this case, consisting of psychiatric patients who are not meditating formally within the designated intervention. Finally, the outcome (O) can be measured in different ways such as overall rates of suicide or surveys of patients regarding their subjective assessments of suicidal ideation. Keywords The following keywords that can be used for conducting… Continue Reading...

History Of Immigration in United States

American immigration policy and population patterns have changed in response to labor demands and economic forces, as well as shifts in American identity and social norms. Global forces have also shaped immigration patterns over the past hundred years. Anti-immigration sentiments have also strongly influenced immigration policies, with the most notable examples from a century ago being the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Nativist movement of the 1920s (Young 1). Similar Nativist sentiments bubbled to the surface during the Trump administration, clouding constructive discourse on the role and status of immigrants in the United States, and the fundamental functions… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shortages

The study made no indication of education levels as a factor or variable in the outcome of nurses’ intention to stay in the profession or to continue on at the organization. The study by Walker (2017) identified a number of factors related to the problem of staffing in nursing. Walker (2017) viewed an aging population and an aging workforce as factors in the problem. She also viewed a lack of specialty or higher-level education as a factor. Mobility within the nursing industry and a shortage of nurse educators were also cited as factors. Walker’s (2017) study thus identified two… Continue Reading...

Home Health Care Business Plan

breaks. First there is the travel time in between sites, which can be variable depending on traffic. Second, the work itself can take differing amounts of time, depending on the task and the patient. Scheduling visits by length of time might leave some work undone, but scheduling based on tasks might also leave work undone, and furthermore it might make it almost impossible to schedule breaks. If workers are given more control over their schedule, then the company will lose control over a critical cost, and could easily become unprofitable, given the slim margins that exist in the industry.… Continue Reading...

Education Classroom Management Journal

Journal Entry 1 Discourse on classroom management has shifted away from a disciplinarian and authoritarian model towards one more steeped in developmental psychology, social justice, and compassion. Within a new educational paradigm, teachers can provide structure in the classroom without expecting “conformity” or “obedience” per se (Jones, Jones & Vermette, 2013, p. 21). Teachers working within a classroom management paradigm that emphasizes trust and relationship building create far more effective educational environments. Still, teachers do need to be armed with information and specific strategies. Some of the strategies recommended including improved awareness of non-verbal communication cues and a systematic means… Continue Reading...

Psychology Of Motivation and Oxytocin

How can Deci and Ryan's (2008) self-determination theory assist individuals in their personal or professional goals? Deci & Ryan’s (2008) self-determination theory is a theory of motivation that can help individuals set and achieve personal and professional goals. The theory can be applied to almost every area of life, including health choices or interpersonal relationships. One of the most unique features of self-determination theory is that it can be adapted to different applications. As Deci & Ryan (2008) show, self-determination theory distinguishes between different types of motivation including autonomous motivation and controlled motivation. Self-determination theory also takes into account the… Continue Reading...

Pepsico Organizational Change Caused by Aquafina Water

Bottled portable water was not a significant product in the beverage industry in the US two decades ago. The industry was dominated and controlled by such giants as Groupe Danone SA’s Evian and Nestle SA’s Perrier. By 2002, the industry was worth $3.5 billion. In 1997, Pepsi made attempts to join the bottled water market. Some of the efforts included buying a spring water company and a shot at selling a brand that was sparkling. However, these efforts did not yield fruit. The management came to the conclusion that the best method to create a successful water brand was to… Continue Reading...

Quantitative Research Designs Validity

Validity, in essence, has got to do with the extent to which a given research study measures the accuracy of a specific concept – effectively meaning that a study can be said to have passed the validity test if it accurately mirrors that which the researchers set about to investigate. In quantitative research, as Polit and Beck (2012) point out, “researchers strive to design studies that are strong with respect to all four types of study validity” (p. 303). As the authors further point out, while an attempt to enhance one kind of validity may benefit another form of validity,… Continue Reading...

Economic Impact Australian Mining Boom

the employment of one more or one less unit of the variable factor. The illustration below delineated the demand curve for labor within the Australian mining industry: In the diagram above, it is assumed that the prevailing wage rate within the industry is determined by the market, and therefore the firms will continue to employ extra labor up until Q* as this will increase more revenue as compared to costs. Going further than this level will give rise to greater marginal revenue product and will therefore not be hired. As illustrated in the diagram above, at a higher wage… Continue Reading...

Adidas Market Entry

Company Background Adidas was formed in Herzogenaurach, a town in Mittelfranken, north of Nürnberg, not far from Erlangen, and remains headquartered there today. The company was founded by Adi and Rudolf Dassler. The brothers eventually had a falling out, with Rudolph founding Puma. Adidas has grown to become one of the leading designers and marketers of sports apparel, footballs, and other related items. The company operates globally, has revenues of nearly €20 billion, and profits of €0.72 billion in 2015 (Adidas 2015 Annual Report). Adidas competes against Nike, Reebok, Puma, and several other brands in this space. Major product lines… Continue Reading...

Religion the Theology and Teachings Of Paul

who felt an intense personal responsibility to travel, preach, and teach to people in variable geographical and cultural conditions. It is impossible to fully understand Paul without understanding Paul’s self-conscious relationship with Judaism. One of the main themes of Pauline letters is that Judaism had become outdated, irrelevant, or insincere: what Scholz (2013) calls a “narrow and legalistic system based on rigid set of Torah-based demands,” (p. 21). Paul developed a distinctly “pejorative view” of Judaism and became a self-defined “outsider” to the religion that would have been his main milieu (Scholz, 2013, p. 22). While it has previously… Continue Reading...

Police Brutality and Behaviorism

Police officers are authorized to use force when necessary, a policy that is generally used to protect innocent people from violence and abuse, and protect the general public from harm. However, the authorization to use force can be easily abused. Police abuse of power in the form of police brutality is an ethical problem because it constitutes abuse of power, and also leads to mistrust of law enforcement. Mistrust of law enforcement in turn undermines the authority and legitimacy of the police and prevents cooperative measures of stopping crime like community policing models. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics… Continue Reading...

Coca Cola Analysis

internal and external forces has been addressed. By adopting the example of a diverse consumer base and variable market such as India, key information has been provided with regard to how the company ought to adapt itself to diverse markets, thereby retaining an edge over competition. Multiple external elements’ impacts have been addressed in depth, and requisite strategic changes for increasing profitability identified. References Baah, S. 2012. Stategic Analysis of Coca Cola from “The Coca Cola Company”. Accessed from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://sandrabaah.weebly.com/uploads/4/9/9/3/49933149/strategic_analysis_of_coca-cola.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjmnr-_henYAhUD6KQKHX5NA2wQFjACegQICxAB&usg=AOvVaw28upYS9V3Lx3BmnBiYH_Y6 Bhasin, H. 2018. SWOT of Coca Cola. https://www.marketing91.com/swot-coca-cola/ Dr. R.K. Singla (2011) Business Organization and Management, FK Publications. The… Continue Reading...

How Organizational Behavior Impacts Health Care

Introduction Organizational behavior is the study of the way people interact within an organization. The aim of organizational behavior is to facilitate efficiency within the organization. The better understood the interaction of workers within a group, the more likely it will be for the group to achieve its outcomes, as management will adopt strategies designed to support the group. Since patterns of behavior can impact and affect any organization, especially a healthcare organization. The provision of quality care relies upon health care providers working together to provide continuity of care, safe care and effective care—and if the organizational behavior of… Continue Reading...

Clipboard Tablet Co Marketing and R&d Analysis

as regards internal and external forces has been addressed. By adopting the example of a diverse consumer base and variable market such as India, key information has been provided with regard to how the company ought to adapt itself to diverse markets, thereby retaining an edge over competition. Multiple external elements’ impacts have been addressed in depth, and requisite strategic changes for increasing profitability identified. References Baah, S. 2012. Stategic Analysis of Coca Cola from “The Coca Cola Company”. Accessed from: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://sandrabaah.weebly.com/uploads/4/9/9/3/49933149/strategic_analysis_of_coca-cola.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjmnr-_henYAhUD6KQKHX5NA2wQFjACegQICxAB&usg=AOvVaw28upYS9V3Lx3BmnBiYH_Y6 Bhasin, H. 2018. SWOT of Coca Cola. https://www.marketing91.com/swot-coca-cola/ Dr. R.K. Singla (2011) Business Organization and Management, FK… Continue Reading...

Cohort Study on Risk Factors for Obesity in Childhood

Background A growing pool of evidence points to the fact that chronic ailments such as obesity commence at life’s early stages. Early childhood facets and the intrauterine atmosphere potentially play a role in adulthood obesity onset via several pathways like prenatal diet, fetal metabolic programing, postnatal development, breast-feeding, infancy/toddlerhood behavior and adiposity rebound. The life-course theory’s abstract foundation stresses illness and health’s developmental origins, concentrating especially on long-run health impacts of fetal and babyhood exposures (Hu, 2008). Of late, one can witness the alarming issue of the childhood obesity pandemic. It is alarming due to the fact that it has… Continue Reading...

Leadership Personality Traits and Organizational Behavior

Topic: How different personalities work together to achieve organizational goals. Article: Bakker, A.B. (2015). Towards a multilevel approach of employee well-being. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 24(6): 839-843. Link: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2015.1071423 Annotation: Employee wellbeing is strongly associated with collaboration in the workplace and the collective commitment to reaching organizational goals, according to prior literature. Bakker (2015) builds on prior literature in the areas of personality diversity and organizational objectives. This article first outlines various theories of organizational psychology including job demands-resources theory, which shows how top-level management decisions can mitigate the detrimental effects of personality diversity on organizational commitment.… Continue Reading...

Oil Crises Term in West Africa

Introduction In the contemporary, the world is experiencing an oil crisis. For almost three years now, the oil price has declined by more than 40 percent since 2014. At that point in time, the price of a barrel stood at $115, considerably deteriorating as it presently stands at $50. The oil price is comparatively determined by actual supply and demand and relatively by expectation. In particular, demand for oil is closely associated to economic activity whereas supply can be influenced by different aspects such as geo-political issues and also regional weather. Notably, if oil producers have the perception that price… Continue Reading...

The Relationship Of Csr and Employee Attitudes Essay

and how attractive a company is to potential employees. Brand allegiance can be an important variable for gauging the extent to which an employee perceives the positive aspects of CSR or how CSR reflects the community’s actual interests. The more allegiance there is devoted to a firm’s brand, the more likely the brand is to have a CSR program in place that embraces the consumer’s interests and promotes them. This variable in turn will impact the inputs provided to the potential employee in terms of how the current employee advertises or communicates the organization to the potential worker. As… Continue Reading...

Climate Change Evidence

For many people, global warming is primarily relevant to them in regards to the weather. They assume that when it is excessively hot, this is reflective of a shift in the global climate and when it is cold, this is a sign that global warming is not really as bad as it might be. However, this is far from the truth. While changes in weather may still be present during our era of global warming, climate refers to sustained and prolonged shifts in temperature. According to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), although the earth has always experienced periods… Continue Reading...

Leadership Qualities Traits and Expectations

Strong leaders exhibit decisiveness, vision, and strong communication skills. They are unafraid to take risks, but do so wisely and with the willingness to take responsibility for mistakes or even failure. Faced with failure, crisis, or difficult challenges, strong leaders respond gracefully, with a determination to overcome the obstacle and continue to commit to the vision of the organization. Yet strong leaders are also flexible, open-minded, interested in soliciting feedback from members of the team and welcoming dissent and constructive criticism because those alternative views help with creative problem solving. Not all leaders are effective in one-on-one personal relationships, but… Continue Reading...

Mixed Methods Research and Pros and Cons

Although more time consuming and costly, mixed-methods research can also be more fruitful than either qualitative or quantitative methods alone. Mixed methods combine qualitative and quantitative in ways that are suitable for answering a complex set of research questions. Because the researcher can use more than one research design in the same study, mixed methods can “answer a broader range of research questions,” (Center for Innovation for Research and Teaching, n.d., p. 1). However, mixed methods can be like performing two separate studies at once, which does require more resources and time. Commonly used in the social sciences and in… Continue Reading...

Bus599 Module 2 Case Study

Organizational diagnosis comes in handy in the evaluation of an organization’s desired performance vis-à-vis its current performance, with an aim of formulating measures to bridge any gaps identified. The model that would, in my opinion, be best suited to an OD analysis of my selected organization is McKinsey 7S Framework. The framework, according to Partridge (1999), “was developed as a way of showing that the key elements of the organization interrelate – and that each element needs to be consistent and compatible with the strategy that is being introduced and managed” (p. 30). The seven variables include; shared values, style,… Continue Reading...

Religion Bible and Paul and Story Of a Rabbi

alone, and none of us dies for ourselves alone,” (Romans 14:7). 2. Teenagers will have variable responses to lessons on freedom, respect, and tolerance. Some will perceive their newfound responsibilities as budding adults as being burdensome or requiring sacrifice in some way. This is true, for being part of a community does mean occasionally sacrificing one’s own time or energy for the greater good. When we realize “For none of us lives for ourselves alone, and none of us dies for ourselves alone,” the sacrifice becomes more meaningful (Romans 14:7). The sacrifice is grounded in scripture, but it is also meaningful because… Continue Reading...

Organizational Diagnostic Models Jakks Pacific

According to Cummings and Worley (2014), the relevance of organizational diagnostic models cannot be overstated when it comes to the identification of the appropriate data required to highlight the deficiencies as well as strengths of a company, and the existing opportunities to improve operations and processes. For this discussion, the following organizational diagnostic models will be highlighted; the 7S model, the congruence model, the Burke-Litwin model, Leavitt’s model, force field analysis, and the Weisbord’s six-box model. The 7S Model This model seeks to highlight the organizational design of an entity by focusing of seven primary internal elements. The said elements… Continue Reading...

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) is a childhood disorder characterized by chronic irritability that interferes with academic and social functioning. Frequent outbursts and temper tantrums, at a frequency of about three times per week, are the most obvious behavior externalizations of DMDD, but to be diagnosed with the disorder, the child must also exhibit poor mood or irritability in between outbursts, too (National Institute of Mental Health, 2018). To differentiate DMDD from pediatric bipolar disorder, it is also essential that the child does not exhibit sustained mood elevation or nonepisodic mania (Beweka, Mayes, Hameed, et al, 2016). Moreover, the symptoms of… Continue Reading...

Grounded Theory and Ethnography in Doctoral

Introduction Qualitative research designs assume many forms, and the usefulness of each depends on the research questions and the theoretical vantage point of the researcher. Five of the main approaches to qualitative research design include narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies (Creswell & Poth, 2018). This paper will focus exclusively on two of those qualitative research designs, grounded theory and ethnography, to showcase the strengths and weaknesses of each. Grounded theory and ethnography are similar designs and approaches to research questions. Even some of their methodological considerations are alike, particularly in that both grounded theory and ethnography… Continue Reading...

Personal Self Assessment and Self Awareness

Professional Presence Different Models of Health and Healing Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view… Continue Reading...

Mindfulness Health, Healing, and Self Awareness

Professional Presence Different Models of Health and Healing Models of health and healing influence patient attitudes and lifestyle, and also impact health seeking and healthcare behaviors. Often, the concept of healing a patient has will come from cultural or religious beliefs However, healthcare workers also operate within their own models of health and healing, which could conflict with those of their patients. When nurses become more aware of the different models, they can better communicate with patients about healthcare issues. Physical Body: The Mechanistic View The rise of empiricism and the triumphs of modern science gave rise to the view… Continue Reading...

Theology Of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish

Book Chapter: A Theology of Communion for the Contemporary Catholic Parish Introduction The study of ecclesiology is the study of how the Christian church, the ever-expanding body of believers, has evolved over time to respond to new political and social realities. Ecclesiology also takes into account the way organizational structures, hierarchies, and roles within the church have changed and reflect the nuances of a cultural milieu or historical epoch. In addition to all that, the study of ecclesiology also comprises the church’s relationship with surrounding community organizations. How the church forms strategic alliances with secular political, social, and economic institutions… Continue Reading...

Preventing School Shootings

There is a lot of talk about school shootings and how to prevent them—especially in the wake of the most recent shooting in Florida, where 17 individuals lost their lives. Some say that guns should be banned (Ingraham). Others say the age limit should be raised (Epstein, Dopp) and that teachers should be armed (Rucker). Others view gun ownership as an unalienable right protected by the Constitution (Peck). And while guns themselves receive a lot of attention after such incidents, they are not the only factor. Family life, drug usage, and even other elements—such as the inability of federal and… Continue Reading...

Research Design in Psychology

The researcher clearly defines terms, and shows how each variable is measured. In this way, concepts that are otherwise abstract like intelligence can be operationalized. Intelligence needs to be operationalized because the researcher needs to show what specific type of intelligence is being measured, and how. An operational definition is “the particular method that we use to measure a variable of interest,” beyond the theoretical definitions that can be applied later (“Conducting Research in Social Psychology,” n.d., p. 1). Whereas the theoretical definitions of intelligence can be broad, like “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge,” operational definitions are narrower in… Continue Reading...

Financial Reports and Lending Decisions

There are several things I would want to know before lending money to anybody. One of these is the audited financial statements for the past three years. The reason I want to see the audited financial statements is because the auditing process ensures the reliability and truthfulness of the statements. Statements that are unaudited are simply not worth the paper they are printed on – the auditing process will uncover irregularities, and I\'m going to need that in order to lend money. Furthermore, the auditor\'s report puts a stamp of approval – knowing that a professional auditor has signed off… Continue Reading...

Professional and Personal Development in Education

Acting With Integrity and Fairness Reflecting on personal ethics encourages the educator to be self-aware and make improvements. Acting with integrity and fairness promotes a culture of accountability within the school because each teacher remains committed to taking responsibility and for collaborating with others to achieve common goals. Integrity is not just about conforming to “simplistic notions of right and wrong,” but making difficult decisions with multiple variables (Gorlewski, Gorlewski & Ramming, 2012, p. 1). Fairness implies the ability to weigh different variables, set priorities, and remain committed to student-centered goals. Minority viewpoints need to be heard, and a good… Continue Reading...

Value Based Reimbursement Models in Healthcare

Value-based reimbursement models are becoming more common in healthcare. Value-based models structure reimbursements according to metrics like efficiency, cost, quality, and patient feedback (Pennic, 2014). Some of the most commonly used value-based reimbursement and payment models include Medicare Quality Incentive Programs, Pay for Performance, Accountable Care Organizations, Bundled Payments, Patient-Centered Medical Home, and Payment for Coordination (Pennic, 2014). More traditional reimbursement models include standard fee-for-service systems, which are woefully inefficient for patients with chronic conditions due to the large number and type of treatments needed (Sanghavi, George, Samuels, et al, 2014). While there is no one preferred approach to reimbursements,… Continue Reading...

Motivation and Morale Police Administration

Abstract The current study aims to examine the effect of the lack of supervision and detachment between administration and low-level supervisors and beat officers and how this leads to low morale and motivation. Imperatively, low level of morale and motivation results in low productivity, which might give rise to absenteeism and poor watch, adversely affecting the society through increased level of crime. A questionnaire will be designed to achieve the purpose of this research study and will be distributed to selected beat officers working in different police precincts. The number of questionnaires analyzed will be to different police precincts. Data… Continue Reading...

Students Diet and Health

The Effect of Three Elements on Students: Diet, Smoking, and Oral Hygiene Smoking among students in secondary and intermediate schools is prevalent, and this prevalence is expected to have a negative impact on the health of teeth and oral hygiene (Bassiony, 2009). Students are also engaging in poor dietary health (Al-Rethaiaa, Fahmy & Al-Shwaiyat, 2010) which results in the increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes (Wilmot & Idris, 2014; Cunningham-Myrie, Theall, Yonger et al., 2015). As Davis (2012) has shown, addressing dietary issues and getting people to eat a healthier, more organic diet that is low in fats… Continue Reading...

Hypertension and Diabetes

the patient, gender, region of origin, and daily dietary activities. The independent variable for this study would be the patients’ diet and the dependent variables would be the related negative health issues—i.e., hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Statistical analysis would be conducted using chi-square tests to determine if there is a significant relationship between altering the diet of Saudis by reducing the amount of red meats and carbohydrates in the diet and the reduction of hypertension and type 2 diabetes in the patients between the ages of 25 and 40. References Al Othaimeen, A. I., Al Nozha, M., &… Continue Reading...

Anti Obesity Programs and Policies

Few other public health issues have drawn as much attention, and garnered as much support for policy and programming as obesity. Obesity programs have been initiated and implemented at the federal and state levels, and all fifty states currently have early childhood education physical activity and healthy eating regulations and policies (The State of Obesity, 2018). All the major national public health research organizations, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institutes of Health likewise inform and promote obesity-related policies and programs. Government agencies like the Food and Drug Administration and the USDA also have distinct… Continue Reading...

Global Warming Essay

Table of Contents 1. Titles 2. Topics 3. Outline 4. Abstract 5. Introduction 6. Thesis Statement 7. Body of Essay 8. Conclusion 9. Works Cited Titles Feeling the Heat:  Global Warming and Climate Change What Can be Done to Reverse Climate Change? The Arguments For and Against the Anthropogenic Causes of Global Warming Meltdown:  Why Global Warming is Going to Become Even Worse in the Future Recommended Topics International Strategies for Addressing Global Warming Global Warming and Policy Development in the United States The Effects of Global Warming on the Earth’s Oceans Science or Myth?  The Truth about Global Warming… Continue Reading...

Juvenile Delinquency Essay

always accurately encapsulate the actual number of people arrest each year, largely because a variable quantity of people may be arrested more than one time annually (nap.edu). Furthermore, for some crimes, the individuals involved don’t necessarily receive arrests; other crimes the parties involved receive multiple arrests (nap.edu).  It’s also worth noting that sometimes people are incorrectly arrested, and the individuals taken into custody did not actually commit the crime they were brought in for. “Arrests also depend on a number of factors other than overall crime levels, including policies of particular police agencies, the cooperation of victims, the skill… Continue Reading...

Culture Essay

members of that group.  Culture identity also indicates the foremost variable or factor that an individual or group views as being most important in defining who the person is or what the group is all about.  For instance, a Catholic might identify his or her Catholicism as the basis of his or her culture identity.  An American might view his nationality as the most important aspect of who and what he is.  A Jew might view being a Jew as the main factor in determining his culture identity.  A hardened criminal might view the underworld as the biggest attribute… Continue Reading...

Financial Managers

different variables have on the company – both internal and external variable. Forecasts are created using different macroeconomic and market variables, and these forecasts can highlight a range of different financial conditions, along with the expected impacts of different financial tactics and strategies. Each set of tactics and strategies has its own set of consequences, and the financial manager must be able to understand these, and express them to senior management. Thus, the financial manager's recommendations cannot be based on guesswork, but on the use of complex models that clearly illustrate how different tactics and strategies will impact on… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Nursing Rates Of Care Community

OBESITY 1 OBESITY 15 Obesity Name Date Introduction Obesity is a global epidemic affecting almost all population cohorts. Rates of obesity are rising worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013), the obesity epidemic “is not restricted to industrialized societies,” with millions of obesity-related cases burgeoning in developing countries (p. 1). With billions of cases worldwide, obesity has therefore been described as the “major health hazard of the 21st century,” (Zhang, Liu, Yao, et al., 2014, p. 5153). Given the global nature of the disease, clinical guidelines have become increasingly standardized, but it is still necessary to tailor interventions… Continue Reading...

Obesity Childhood Prenatal Conclusion

and perinatal stages, taking into account family history as an additional variable. Therefore, this study is both unique and important in that it is comprehensive and generalizable, applicable to multiple populations and adaptable to different populations. Life course theory also shows that public health strategies need to focus on early childhood as well as prenatal and postnatal care. The results of this study highlight the importance of various parental care factors, helping to improve health outreach and advocacy. The physiological pathways of obesity begin as early as the fetal stage, with maternal dietary and lifestyle choices impacting the development… Continue Reading...

Pathophysiology Chronic Asthma Acute Asthma Exacerbation

disorder of the bronchial mucosa that results in constriction of airways, bronchial hyper-responsiveness, and variable airflow obstruction that is reversible. Chronic asthma on the cellular level is characterized by an increase in the secretion of mucus and bronchoconstriction stimuli. Chronic asthma can be damaging to the epithelial cells found in the lungs, which can cause the reoccurrence a lot quicker leading to more severe cases of asthma. During the release of an inflammatory response, toxic neuropeptides and eosinophils are released, which can cause direct damage to tissue and this might result in an increased bronchial hyper-responsiveness (Huether & McCance,… Continue Reading...

Cause and Effect Essay Example: Climate Change & Hurricanes

Writing doesn’t have to be a chore. To prove it, here’s a cause and effect essay example that gets down and dirty with a semi-controversial issue that polarizes a lot of people (no pun intended):  yes, we’re talking about climate change. This topic has been in the news for a good long while. Topic Climate Change There have been movies made about it, conferences held about it, and many works of scholarly and not-so-scholarly literature written about it. So let’s take a look at how to turn this subject into the main topic of a cause and effect essay. We’ll… Continue Reading...

U.s. Interest Rates Rise and Fall Essay

Essay Prompt The History of the Interest Rate Research the history of the prime interest rate since 1980. Create a chart that shows the changing interest rate and depicts the economic and political conditions, factors, and reasons for the changing interest rate. Include a written summary of your findings. Your response should be 2-3 paragraphs (5-7 sentences). The History of the Interest Rate The prime interest rate peaked on 19 December 1980 at 21.50% from where it gradually declined 4% over the next four months before rising again to 20.50% by mid-1981. However, this marked the end of high interest… Continue Reading...

Big Data and Supply Chain Management Essay

Introduction Big data has become one of the most important aspects of supply chain management. The concept of big data refers to the massive data sets that are generated when millions of individual activities are tracked. These data sets are processed to yield insights that help inform managerial decision-making. Supply chains in particular have leveraged big data because companies have been able to develop technology to not only capture hundreds of millions of data points, but to process them in meaningful ways to eliminate waste and promote efficiency in the supply chain systems. This paper will examine the concept of… Continue Reading...

Quantitative and Qualitative Data Analysis Essay

ANOVA /CRITERIA=PIN(.05) POUT(.10) /NOORIGIN /DEPENDENT income /METHOD=ENTER years. Regression [DataSet1] C:UsersucerDesktop188375_jss.sav Variables Entered/Removeda Model Variables Entered Variables Removed Method 1 Years Workedb . Enter a. Dependent variable: Income b. All requested variables entered. Model Summary Model R R Square Adjusted R Square Std. Error of the Estimate 1 ,340a ,115 ,102 945,711 a. Predictors: (Constant), Years Worked ANOVAa Model Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig. 1 Regression 7696787,937 1 7696787,937 8,606 ,005b Residual 59028359,122 66 894369,078 Total 66725147,059 67 a. Dependent variable: Income b. Predictors: (Constant), Years Worked Coefficientsa Model Unstandardized Coefficients Standardized Coefficients t Sig. 95,0% Confidence Interval for B B Std. Error Beta Lower Bound Upper Bound 1 (Constant) 7410,810 180,346… Continue Reading...

Wal Mart Financial Ratio Analysis

is perfectly comfortable. Several other ratios provide important context for this number. The quick ratio is an important variable for retailers in particular, because it is the current ratio, but minus the inventory. The principle is that the inventory may not be liquidated at cost – in fact the company might be sitting on unsellable inventory, and thus the truer measure of liquidity for a retailer requires removing the inventory from the measure. So the quick ratio for Wal-Mart is 0.28. This is a reasonably healthy quick ratio, especially given that Wal-Mart will sell most of its inventory, and… Continue Reading...

Conflict Management Styles Malaysia Vs Usa

Cross-cultural conflict management According to the research of Geert Hofstede, Malaysia scores a 26 on individualism, which means that it is a collectivist country, characterized by “long-term commitment to the member group”, where loyalty is one of the most important aspects of the culture (Hofstede Insights, 2018). Because collectivist cultures place a value on long-term relationships, and loyalty to the group, these elements help define when conflict exists, and how it is resolved. Indeed, the idea of conflict itself is subject to cultural values – the American view of conflict tends to reflect when two people disagree on something, and… Continue Reading...

Patient Centered Care in Healthcare Nursing

Introduction Patient-centered care is the goal of many healthcare organizations, but the ability of an organization to deliver patient-centered care is influenced by a number of factors both internal and external. Business practices, regulatory requirements, and reimbursement all can impact patient-centered care in any healthcare organization. Promoting patient-centered care requires an organizational culture committed to this paradigm, which also needs to be embedded in the mission and values of the organization. Executives and administrators create the organizational culture that promotes patient-centered care. All leaders in the organization are responsible for using patient-centered practices and communications styles in their interactions with… Continue Reading...

Women S Health and the Issue Of Abortion

elsewhere. I think scientists should also research topics related to spirituality to see if there is a connection between this variable and longevity. In the U.S., I am not surprised to find a decline in life expectancy. When you consume fast food as a culture, life will go down, no doubt. To reverse this decline, I would highly recommend starting the Blue Zone diet as it will certainly make people feel healthier and want to live a simpler life. Women’s Choices A woman’s right to choose is so controversial because it is the issue underlying the choice that is polarizing.… Continue Reading...

Five Principles Of Management

In the contemporary age, management theory pertaining to proper management practice has undergone evolution. The ‘classical’ theories of management cropped up somewhere during the early years of the previous century. They include the scientific model of management that deals with matching activities with individuals for maximizing efficiency, and the administrative theory of management that emphasizes the identification of principles to help formulate the most effective management and organizational system. The behavioral theories of management were proposed prior as well as subsequent to World War II, and revolve around the way leaders ought to control and lead employees for achieving improved… Continue Reading...

Human Robot Interaction

there was a teacher, but the robot was the variable that was changed between the control group and the study group. There were two study groups and one control group, so class size was not different between the two groups. The authors found that the robot helped reduce anxiety. Several factors were not examined in this study – other potential causes of anxiety being a significant one. Were the three groups of equivalent composition? A larger study size would have made it easier to trust that there were no material differences between the groups. Leite performed a study in… Continue Reading...

Development Of High Potential Employees

Introduction The identification, development, and retention of high-potential employees is one of the most important areas of research in industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology. Whereas the vast majority of the workforce will perform in ways that do promote organizational goals, the top performers in any organization are those that provide the firm with its competitive advantage. On the contrary, organizations that do not actively seek to identify, develop, and retain high-potential employees stand to lose a lot as top talent may seek opportunities to maximize potential elsewhere—often a competitor. Moreover, the high potential employees are those with the greatest potential to lead… Continue Reading...

Ethics in Criminal Justice

Criminal justice research presents a unique set of ethical challenges. Two of the most significant ethical challenges include the need to protect participant confidentiality, and the need to pursue research that promotes social justice. Lowman & Palys (2001) analyze some of the ethical and legal threats to confidentiality, showing how criminal justice researchers can balance their legal and ethical obligations with their commitment to research efficacy, validity, and reliability. Nouwen (2014), on the other hand, is concerned with the research questions and methodologies used to investigate issues related to social justice, advocacy, and human rights. Both of these are important… Continue Reading...

Antimicrobial Agents

Introduction: Antimicrobial Agents Although they are often over-prescribed, antimicrobial agents are a critical defense against microbial infections. The sources of microbial infections include bacteria, viruses, funguses, and parasites. Therefore, the key categories of antimicrobial pharmaceutical agents are antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoal, and antiviral drugs. Sometimes the terms antibiotic, antimicrobial, and anti-infective are used interchangeably, but it is crucial to differentiate between the type of infection in order to choose the appropriate antimicrobial agent (Leekha, Terrell, & Edson, 2011, p. 156). Incorrect treatment can lead to deleterious results including resistance. There are several different ways to classify antimicrobial agents, and likewise, different… Continue Reading...

Tools for Crime Analysis

Introduction: Crime Analysis The primary purpose of crime analysis is to determine trends or patterns. Identifying trends and patterns helps law enforcement administrators and public officials to direct resources appropriately in order to prevent and respond to crime. There are three types of crime analysis: tactical, strategic, and administrative. Each of these types of crime analysis involves gathering, collecting, and analyzing aggregate crime data. Administrative crime analysis helps municipalities plan their resources, and is especially important for making financial and human resources decisions, as well as evidence-based changes to public policy. Strategic crime analysis helps police departments make their own… Continue Reading...

Variables Crime and Violence

negative, positive, or no-correlation (Jackson, 2007). A positive correlation essentially means that an increase in a specified variable causes an increase in the other variable. A negative correlation, on the other hand, means that as one variable increases, the other decreases. Lastly, no-correlation is used to indicate a scenario whereby an increase or decrease in a given variable causes or brings about no change in another variable. HYPOTHESIS AND RESEARCH In this case, I would expect there to be a positive kind of correlation between my choices of variables, i.e. an increase in one variable would automatically lead to… Continue Reading...

Criminology and the Use Of Statistical Evidence

Criminological Theory and Statistical Data Introduction Criminological theory is not always based on evidence—that is, on statistical evidence. Sometimes it is based on ideas that seem logical at the time. Theorists will notice correlations in the ways in which crime emerges in certain communities and they will base their theories of crime on these observances, though no statistical evidence is actually accumulated to verify the theory. The theory simply makes sense from a logical or rational point of view and in this manner it can be promoted. Its basis of evidence is qualitative (i.e., content-related, conceptual or thematic) rather than… Continue Reading...

China Mao and the Cultural Revolution

Wild Swans: Three Daughters of China Wild Swans is the story of three generations of women in China in the 20th century. The author is Jung Chang: her autobiography comprises the last third section of the book; the first two sections are devoted to telling the story of her grandmother Yu-Fang and her mother Bao Qin. Instead of writing a straight autobiography, Chang chose to begin her story two generations back—the purpose being to provide not only personal historical context but also a sense of the cultural historical context in which her family came into being. By beginning the book… Continue Reading...

Approaches to Psychological Profiling

profiling is conducted by obtaining genetic data on an individual. Specifically it entails collecting the variable number tandem repeats or VNTRs of the loci on a chromosome. VNTRs are what distinguish DNA sequences. Obtaining VNTRs is like obtaining fingerprints, it just doesn’t require a person’s fingers; all it requires is a cell from the body—a hair, blood, nail or piece of skin will do (Panneerchelvam & Norazmi, 2003) Geographical profiling looks at where crimes are committed and develops a profile of places, indicating where crimes are likely to be committed based on the geographical characteristics of the place. For… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence and Virtual Teams

Emotional Intelligence and Virtual Teams There are many articles discussing emotional intelligence in teams, and a couple that are specific to virtual teams. Key to understanding the role that emotional intelligence plays on virtual teams is knowing the differences between virtual teams and normal work teams, and knowing how emotional intelligence might affect a normal team, then being able to extrapolate how the differences might affect things. Jordan and Troth (2004) discuss the role that emotional intelligence plays in problem solving. They found that emotional intelligence is positively indicated with team performance and problem solving. Their study was in-person, so… Continue Reading...

The Economic Costs Of Air Pollution

Introduction Air pollution remains a global problem, especially in heavily industrialized nations such as the United States. Some progress has been made in recent years, however, due in large part to the provisions of the Clean Air Act of 1970 and subsequent federal regulations. The purpose and organization of the paper are described in this section. How Air Pollution is Measured This section is used to provide a description concerning how air pollution is measured and which constituent elements are included in the analysis. How expensive are damages along with specific damages? The current estimates of the economic costs of… Continue Reading...

Indwelling Urinary Catheter Care

Research Proposal for Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI) affects timely reimbursement and prolongs patient stays in the healthcare facility. Many hospitals strive for ways to reduce CAUTIs and take specific medical measures to aid patients in recovery from the same and avoid recurrence of the cases of CAUTIs. These deliberate measures ensure so they can have better patient outcomes and improve patient care. This also improves the reimbursement received from insurance providers. Research question The research seeks to investigate the effect of frequent CAUTI education, among the in-hospital patients with indwelling urinary catheter, conducted… Continue Reading...

The Current State Of Education in the United States Essay

drop out but go on to secure their GED equivalency credential in dropout rates represents one major variable, while determining which schools to credit or assign responsibility for students who transfer from one high school to another who then graduate or drop out are other variables that must be taken into account when evaluating these data (Koenig & Hauser, 2010). Beyond the foregoing considerations, Koenig and Hauser (2010) also recommend that public high school districts used their existing student data in more informed ways to help identify those students who are at most risk of dropping out so that… Continue Reading...

Spirituality and Humanistic Psychology Individual

Question 1 The individual’s experience and the personal construction of meaning are central to humanistic psychology. Theorists like Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow initially promoted this humanistic view of psychology, which was contrary to the prevailing tenets of behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Instead of focusing on past experiences and environmental variables, Rogers and Maslow focused on the person’s perceptions and intrinsic motivations (“What is Humanistic Psychology?” n.d.). Moreover, early theorists also negated the importance of experimental studies and other applications of the scientific method to psychological inquiry because these methods have a way of dehumanizing and devaluing personal experience (McLeod, 2015).… Continue Reading...

The Problem Statement Related to Virtual Teams

adapted to encourage greater empathy and emotional intelligence. As the literature on emotional intelligence as a key variable on virtual teams becomes more robust, some research like that of Orta-Castanon, Urbina-Coronado, Ahuett-Garza, et al (2018) demonstrate how the technologies used in virtual environments can itself be changed to facilitate emotionally intelligent communications. Likewise, Malcondo da Cruz, Moriya-Huzita & Feltrim (2018) show how technology and user experiences impact the development of trust on virtual teams. General Business Problem The general business problem is how to make virtual teams more predictable as well as more effective, offering leaders specific strategies they… Continue Reading...

Arguments for and Against Physician Assisted Suicide

Introduction Physician-assisted suicide, or physician-assisted death, refers to “the process that allows terminally ill adults to request from their physician, receive from their pharmacist, and take a lethal dose of medication to end their life,” (Death with Dignity, n.d.). Although seemingly similar to euthanasia, physician-assisted death is different in that it tends to refer to situations where the patient does not act with autonomy. Physician-assisted death is still controversial and is illegal in most states. However, Oregon, Washington, Vermont, California, and Colorado have legalized physician-assisted death, and several other states have pending legislation to do so as of 2018 (Quill… Continue Reading...

Emotional Intelligence

the best experimental design in this proposed research since the independent variable here is the set of electronic devices that are supposed to be marketed among the virtual teams in Asia (McLeod S., 2017). The research will take the form of correlation research design or study as it will embark on the determination of the relationship between two variables (Scollon C.N., 2018), the emotional intelligence being the dependent variable and the electronic devices choice being the independent variable . The experiment will seek to determine if the emotional intelligence of a given set of virtual team members will determine… Continue Reading...

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology

Husserl and Heidegger’s Phenomenology Phenomenology refers both to philosophical framework and to epistemological orientation. As epistemology, phenomenology has had major implications for the social sciences, providing the fundamental tenets and methods for qualitative research. Originator of the phenomenological approach, Husserl proposed that human consciousness undergirds experience, but that both must be transcended, acknowledged, and set aside in order to reach the truth of any given phenomenon. Husserl therefore favored the use of descriptive methods, which aim for objectivity as much as possible. Husserl’s student Martin Heidegger rejected the notion that it was even possible at all to ascertain some objective… Continue Reading...

Fbi Uniform Crime Reports

Part I Why Cautionary Notice Is Given Before Users Are Directed to The FBI’s Crime in The United States Publication Cautionary notice with regard to the ranking was needed after certain entities started using the unelaborate information offered by the publication for ranking different regions on their crime levels despite this information taking into account only a couple of variables, namely college enrollment and population size. The employment of only two correlates doesn’t suffice in offering decisive information. Accurate ranking requires the consideration of several other relevant variables impacting crime type and volume; these include urbanization level; population density; variations… Continue Reading...

Apple Finance Department

foreign exchange rate risk. Because the risks associated with different countries can be quite variable, Apple finds that it reduces risk by seeking cash flows and investments in a wide range of different countries. Its portfolio is mainly comprised of democratic, capitalist nations, with exceptions like China, but this still allows for Apple to hedge against economic weakness in one region with strength in another. Ethics The finance department also plays a role in Apple’s ability to maintain high ethical standards. The auditing function is of course one area where ethics are enforced, and the accounting department as well, but… Continue Reading...

Classroom Management

Classroom Management: Hands on or Hands off? Introduction The issue of classroom management is a complex one in today’s world, especially as the issue of how to educate has taken on so many different dimensions over the previous decades. There are so many different schools of thought on the best way to educate that managing the classroom and instilling discipline is also impacted by these myriad voices and perspectives. This paper will focus on the issue of classroom management at the high school level and address the problem by examining whether character education, praise and relationship building can be facilitative… Continue Reading...

Couples Counseling for Sexual Addiction

Research Proposal for Couples Counseling Problem Sexual addiction is currently not recognized by the DSM-V as an addiction, and therefore some discrepancy among counselors about how to approach this issue exists, particularly when it comes to couples counseling. Research indicates, however, that sexual addiction is on the rise and that counselors require advanced training in this area to know how to treat it effectively and help couples address this issue that may be negatively impacting their relationship (Gilbert, 2014; Griffiths & Dhuffar, 2014; Karila et al., 2014; Rosenberg, Carnes & O’Connor, 2014; Phillips, Hajela & Hilton, 2015; Kraus, Voon &… Continue Reading...

School Funding in Illinois and Dc

Abstract This paper compares and contrasts the school funding approaches of the state of Illinois and the District of Columbia. It shows that in Illinois there is a far greater problem of how to achieve a more equitable distribution of funds, though the state is currently setting a course to try to make this happen with its evidence-based model funding formula recently passed this year. In DC on the other hand, a foundation formula is used to disperse funds equitably throughout the District and private investment is obtained to help develop programs that can assist in closing the achievement gap.… Continue Reading...

Impact Of Mainstream Media on Perception Of Events

debate. Audiences do not receive such messages uniformly, and their level of influence is highly variable. A 2011 research by the Glasgow University Media Group, on the United Kingdom’s disabled and disability - related beliefs, attitudes and news coverage (Briant et al., 2011) revealed a significant growth in print media reports of disability across sample periods; however, this growth was supplemented by a change in how disability was reported. The topic became more politicized, with fewer articles sympathetically describing disabled persons; on the other hand, articles revolving around disability benefit - related fraud increased. In this regard, evidence was… Continue Reading...

Tesla's Terrible Pricing Strategy

Pricing Strategy  There are several critical factors that affect making pricing decisions: customers, competitors, regulations, government laws, the overall economy, and production costs and some of the most important variables to look at when deciding on a pricing strategy. As Zeng, Dasgupta and Weinberg (2016) put it, differentiation is key to developing a pricing strategy that works for a company that has to set itself apart from competitors in order to secure market share. For Tesla, which is the subject of this paper, the electric vehicle (EV) market is beginning to heat up as competitors come into the business with… Continue Reading...

Postpartum Depression and Gilman Yellow Wallpaper

Long before the term postpartum depression became part of the vernacular, Charlotte Perkins Gilman deftly and sensitively describes the complex condition in her short story “The Yellow Wallpaper.” The story describes the prevailing attitudes towards women and their narrowly defined roles in society. White, upper middle class women like the narrator of “The Yellow Wallpaper” could not easily express discontent with their position as wife and mother. The narrator’s husband—a physician—believes there is “nothing the matter” with his wife except “temporary nervous depression” and “a slight hysterical tendency,” (Gilman 648). Noting her brother is also a physician, the narrator exclaims,… Continue Reading...

Education Research into Dual Credit Equity

they will be tabulated using statistics software like SPSS. The results will be classified according to target population (independent variable) and responses to the survey items. Items will be focused on the three main themes: perceived and actual cost of Dual Credit programs, how well the Dual Credit programs are being promoted to students, and how culturally relevant both the promotion of the programs and the programs themselves have been to new immigrants and ELLs. One open-ended question will be included at the end of each survey to allow participants to write in their comments for suggestions on how… Continue Reading...

Systems Thinking in New Product Development

Abstract A case study of a tech start-up reveals some of the challenges associated with implementing systems theory in new product development. This area of study hold promise, but there are some implementation issues in the real world that have been identified and perhaps in need of further exploration. Introduction Systems thinking focuses on the interrelatedness of different systems, different roles and different disciplines. The system is not simply a set of parts, but it is how the parts work together, how they interact with one another, that forms the system. By focusing on the integrated whole, systems thinking is… Continue Reading...

Role and Importance Of Bilingual Interpreters

that post hoc analysis is used to evaluate satisfaction as continuous variable through examining comparing satisfaction scores based on face validity. The other metric that will be used to measure satisfaction outcome is patient post-visit interview whose validity is also established based on face validity. In this regard, improved patient satisfaction will be achieved if 80% of the participants say yes on the question of enhanced satisfaction following the implementation of the intervention. Implications of Outcomes for Quality Management As previously mentioned, this project is significant because it helps to establish the premise for incorporating comprehensive linguistic interpretive systems… Continue Reading...

My Experience Of Traveling to China

China Trip Personal Experience/ Observation My visit to the Chinese cities of Shanghai, Beijing, and Wuhan taught me several things I otherwise wouldn’t have been able to learn. I could study cases on the country, read books, watch numerous videos and attend classes for days but none of these would have taught me the amazing lessons I was able to learn, or given me the experiences I underwent, in the short span of time that I spent in the country. In this paper, I am citing a few things I learnt about China through personal observation and experience. Wuhan City’s… Continue Reading...

Recruitment Plan and Staffing Plan at Amazon

Warehouse Supervisor Recruitment Plan As Amazon is set to hire 5000 new warehouse workers, the organization seeks an experienced warehouse supervisor. Amazon is increasing staffing at its warehouses and fulfilment centers to improve service delivery and expand same-day or next-day delivery for customers in select areas (Isidore, 2013). A warehouse supervisor is a multifaceted position that includes managerial functions, strategic operations, budgeting and inventory management, and strong organizational skills. This recruiting and staffing strategy covers the steps Amazon will take to ensure compliance with legal and ethical guidelines. The thesis is that Amazon should use standard recruiting and selection techniques… Continue Reading...

Decision Theory

with which I'm quite knowledgeable, I am far more likely to take the risk. The second variable is how extreme the risk is – the upside or the downside. For example, while mathematically it makes no sense to play the lottery, the occasional ticket for a big draw has enough upside to accept that I'm probably lighting my money on fire. On the downside, there are some things where the downside risk, however minimal, is pretty severe. So while there is little risk in jaywalking, the idea that should something bad happen it would probably involve me going to hospital,… Continue Reading...

Online Statistics and Probability Theory

dissimilar values or amounts. There are independent and dependent variables. As a whole, independent variable is manipulated by the researcher and its effect on the dependent variable is measured. Secondly, there are qualitative and quantitative variables. Qualitative variables are those that express a qualitative characteristic for instance hair color, eye color, religion, favorite movie, gender, and others. It is imperative to note that the values of a qualitative variable do not denote a numerical arrangement. On the other hand, qualitative variables are now and again referred to as categorical variables. The inference of this is that quantitative variables are… Continue Reading...

Philosophical Orientations and Theory

Theory and Philosophical Orientations Part 1 An area of interest for a possible research topic that I consider is organizational performance. My topic of research interest is the effect of employee participation on organizational performance. The philosophical orientation that mirrors my worldview is the interpretivist research paradigm. In-depth inquiry is enabled by interpretivist research, which sees knowledge as subjective (Bryman, 2008). In other words, knowledge is not generalizable – it is contextual, situational, or circumstantial. This means that different individuals interpret their world differently. To ensure in-depth inquiry, interpretivist research focuses on a small sample and employs qualitative techniques such… Continue Reading...

Statistical Significance and Meaningfulness Essay

    Meaningfulness refers to the practical, real world application of a statistic.  If a statistically significant correlation between variables, for instance, has meaningfulness that correlation says something to the real world and understanding that correlation can have an impact on how people adjust to the situation from here on out.  Therefore, while statistical significance is helpful, it is not the end-all-be-all for research:  a research finding has to be meaningful for it to have importance.  It has to have some sort of impact in the real world for it to be meaningful.     For the researchers who stated that “given… Continue Reading...

Abortion and Public Perspectives Domestic and Global Perspectives

the explanation for this can be found in the fact that religiosity is a suppressor variable that can impact the female perspective on whether abortions should be legal (Barkan, 2014). This finding is something that is definitively suggested to some extent in the research study, “Complexity in Attitudes Toward Abortion Access: Results from Two Studies” by Jozkowski and colleagues. This research endeavor actually focuses on two distinct studies, in an attempt to shed light on the intricacies that create a more nebulous cultural viewpoint on abortion. For example, in the first study that was conducted “According to Study 1,… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

actively committed crime. Other forms of abuse are rarely studied in victimology, especially as the variable of mental health of the victime can become a factor that raises new ambiguities. Anand, V., Ashforth, B., Joshi, M. (2005). Business as usual: The acceptance and perpetuation of corruption in organizations. Academy of Management Executive, 19(4): 9-23. This study shows how otherwise normal, functioning, law-abiding citizens can commit crimes such as abuse by using rationalization tactics to justify their criminal behaviors. By engaging in rationalization tactics, persons can remove any sense of guilt or regret from their minds and consciences. It is… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

Abstract The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding… Continue Reading...

Interstitial Cystitis (ic) Treatment Using Cam Modalities

Abstract The prevalence of interstitial cystitis (IC) has seen different treatment methods that have been aimed at reducing the level of pain and ensuring that the patients are comfortable. However, the continued failure of most of the conventional methods to treat the condition has necessitated physicians to recommend complementary and alternative methods of managing the condition. An analysis of the complementary and alternative methods (CAM) modalities is therefore, critical in understanding the different conceptual attributes that are significant in addressing the problem. IC is a condition that is characterized by chronic pain or discomfort in the bladder and the surrounding… Continue Reading...

Natural Disasters Terrorist Events and Technological Disasters

Natural Disasters Natural disasters are incidents caused by the forces of nature and occur independently of human intervention, including geophysical events like earthquakes and weather events like storms. The main types of natural disasters include those caused by geophysical activity like earthquakes and volcanoes, hydrological events like floods and avalanches, climatological or meteorological events like hurricanes, and biological disasters such as diseases spread by animals (IRFC, 2018). Some natural disasters can also have multiple causes, such as landslides or mudslides, which can be caused by hydrological, climatological, and/or geophysical activity (CDC, 2018). Wildfires are another type of natural disaster that… Continue Reading...

Criminal Justice Study

evaluation I aim to undertake are that race and socio-economic factors are likely to be important variable as well as are political nuances that might include issues such as problems that the city has had in the past with race relations and how body camera usage is designed to pacify critics of the police in the past and hopefully usher in an era of better police-community relations. The study should not aim at raising controversies or attempt to subjugate the aims of the city. The purpose of the evaluation is to better have a sense of how police themselves… Continue Reading...

Theory Of Knowledge in Math and Science

Name 4 Name Professor Class Date: Theory of Knowledge “Without the assumption of the existence of uniformities there can be no knowledge.” One of the presumptions of acquiring knowledge, particularly knowledge in a scientific or mathematical context, is that there must be causal relationships that can be observed or intuited between different phenomena. Human beings base their behaviors on this presumption on a regular basis. We wake up in the morning to the sound of an alarm clock and assume we can shut off that alarm using that particular button because we did so on previous occasions. We do not… Continue Reading...

How to Conduct a Study on Virtual Teams

An experimental design would necessitate a far larger process in which an independent variable and a dependent variable are tested, which is beyond the scope of this study. A survey of virtual team members, however, could provide quantitative data using the Likert scale, which could be analyzed statistically. Population The survey method would target virtual team members. Participants could be identified on social networking platforms like LinkedIn, and snowball sampling could be used to obtain the desired population size for sampling. The sample should consist of 50 participants willing to take the survey. Using the Likert scale will… Continue Reading...

What Is Causing Inflation

socio-economic crimes (Cheng, Raina & Xiong, 2014; Oet & Lyytinen, 2017). So the real variable impacting the prices of goods and services can be found right there in the Federal Reserve. Raising wages may cut into profits for businesses, but if one just looks at the soaring wages of CEOs and other top executives over the same twenty year period (Gabaix & Landier, 2008), while lower level wages have basically stagnated, one can see that there is a problem with the distribution of profits: as in, they are all going into the pockets of the top level executives, as though… Continue Reading...

Family-based Diabetes Intervention for Hispanic Adults and Their Family Members

a higher risk of suffering from type 2 diabetes. Age and culture could be confounding variable to the patients not been able to manage their condition. The lack of knowledge mainly due to language barrier is another variable that the researchers have indicated could be limiting to the participants self-management of the condition. These variables have been controlled for during the study by ensuring that the study is delivered in Spanish, the participants understand that they are more prone to the condition based on their genetics, and the condition can be managed if they follow the intervention been taught… Continue Reading...

Forms Of Business Investment

ANNUITIES & SINKING FUNDS 8 Annuities & Sinking Funds Introduction When it comes to business investing and expansion, two tools in the toolbox that are often used include sinking funds and annuities. These tools may be a little hard to understand for the layperson. However, with a little consideration and review, the picture can be quite clear. The scenario posed for this assignment is fairly basic. There is a business that owns a vinyl fencing company. There are two purchases that are on the horizon. One is an annuity as is being offered by an insurance company. Regardless of the… Continue Reading...

Marketing B2b and B2c

1. It is important for marketers to understand the consumer buying process for their good, because to do so will put the marketer in a better position to influence the decision at key inflection points, and to remove barriers to purchase. Some purchases are low involvement, and gas is one of them (Radder, 2008). The product is a commodity, and I cannot genuinely differentiate between gasolines. Thus, price and convenience are the two most important variables in determining where I purchase gas. Price only matters if gas prices are high, or if I’m feeling broke. Convenience is the most important… Continue Reading...

Stakeholders Research Project

of the study (Bhattacherjee, 2012). Confounding variables may have an influence on study direction. Confounding variables may be defined as variable besides independent variables of interest, which can have an influence on the dependent variable and have the potential to result in erroneous conclusions pertaining to the link between dependent and independent variables. It is extremely vital to plan studies bearing in mind elimination of differences owing to confounding variables. One means is by controlling a potential confounding variable, that is, by making it identical in case of all participants. For instance, in the given research, one may include marital couples… Continue Reading...

Subjective Knowing in Phenomenological Studies

Q1. Although theoretically a researcher conducting a phenomenological inquiry could establish hypotheses to predict the structure and features of phenomena being explored, this approach would not follow the “bracketing” method suggested by Husserl. What are the advantages of either using hypotheses to predict phenomena or bracketing to explore such phenomena? Are these two approaches mutually exclusive? If so, why? Phenomenological research does not naturally lend itself to constructing a hypothesis along the lines of the scientific method. It is by definition context-specific and observational. There is no attempt to isolate particular variables from the researcher’s framework and simply focus on… Continue Reading...

Health Care Information Technology

Health Care Administration Health information Technology (HIT) has over the years been one of the most sought after application in the pursuit of a cost effective and streamlined health care provision, this has however been facing a lot of challenges. According to Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, HIT is defined as ““hardware, software, integrated technologies or related licenses, intellectual property, upgrades, or packaged solutions sold as services that are designed for or support the use by health care entities or patients for the electronic creation, maintenance, access, or exchange of health information” (Zeng X, 2009).… Continue Reading...

Organizational Psychology

variables besides the research variables (Wunsch, 2007). But control variable usage isn’t evidence-based and sample diversity (participants have been taken from service as well as public sector firms) may give rise to inherent result confounding as both organizational forms’ dynamics differ from one another. Furthermore, personal references were used to select the sample, raising some doubts regarding its objectivity. Analysis of Table and graphs Tables incorporated into the paper hold relevant data and details on results. However, in the first table, standard deviation (SD) and mean (M) are mentioned even in case of categorical variables, which is unsuitable. Further,… Continue Reading...

The Outbreak Cdc Exercises and Quiz Responses

The exercises (6.1 to 6.9) address the core principles of investigating an outbreak using epidemiological methods including statistical analysis. Outbreaks are defined as “unexpected events,” which often receive sufficient media attention to warrant rapid public relations or action responses (Lesson 6: Investigating an Outbreak). Therefore, it is important to understand the principles of epidemiological methods like those offered in the exercises. In addition to the exercises (6.1 to 6.9) the CDC also offers the self-assessment quiz. The exercises and the quiz collectively summarize the main issues related to outbreaks and how an epidemiologist would address different types of outbreaks in… Continue Reading...

Physiology Of Extraversion and Introversion Physiology

Research shows that some personality traits like introversion and extraversion have biological or physiological origins. Eysenck (1983) spearheaded much of the research on the physiology of introversion/extraversion, showing that introverts are essentially more aroused than extraverts. Gale (1983) and Stelmach (1990) have pointed out some methodological weaknesses in Eysenck’s work but generally the principle that extraverts can handle stimulation or distraction better than introverts has seemed to correspond to the differences in these temperaments. The results of these studies have tremendous implications for everything from classroom design to communications. For example, O’Connor, Gardiner & Watson (2016) found that introverts benefitted… Continue Reading...

Obesity Epidemic

Identification of Key Results Results of this research highlight the need for a comprehensive approach to addressing the public health concern of obesity. Although obesity and its defining features like BMI are causally related to lifestyle factors like diet and activity levels, the research shows that the situation is more complex than that. There is a range of socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, and political variables that also affect the prevalence of the disease. Identifying these outlying variables may be the key to resolving the obesity epidemic. The obesity ecological model (OEM) has proven to be one of the most effective strategies… Continue Reading...

Attitudes Toward Physical Education in Fourth Graders

detail for the study to be replicated. Instrumentation: In the instrumentation section, the instrument(s) that are used to measure each variable need to be identified. The instruments may be tests, surveys, questionnaires, or other measurements. Only validated instruments may be used and it is not acceptable to propose to develop an instrument for the purposes of this study. A description of each instrument, its content, its appropriateness needs to be included. The exact procedures for the development for the instrument (i.e. studies to establish validity and reliability, as well as reliability statistics) must be cited. State other peer reviewed studies where… Continue Reading...

Students with Keratoconus Disease in Saudi Arabia

The Effect of Keratoconus Disease on the Education Levels among Students at Different Ages to Determine the Locations of Their Spread in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Introduction Keratoconus disease is a disorder in the curvature of the eyes. Keratoconus occurs when the cornea becomes thin and bulges like a cone, altering the focus of light rays, blurring and distorting the person’s vision, and making it difficult to do daily tasks such as reading. The disease is believed to be genetic and typical onset begins in the teens or early 20s and gradually worsens over a period of 10 to… Continue Reading...

Project Management and Resource Scheduling

Resource Scheduling Resource scheduling in project management is the process by which a set of actions and methods are utilized by a company to effectively match the necessary resources the tasks and projects that require them to see a job through to completion. The other part of resource scheduling that is important to keep in mind is that the project manager must also take into account when the resources will be available and thus schedule project tasks accordingly. For instance, if a task is scheduled before the resources are actually available for the workers, time will be lost and the… Continue Reading...

Nursing Ethics in an End Of Life Scenario

Ethical Issue One of the most important ethical issues in nursing is how to approach end-of-life care. Nurses have a duty to provide compassionate care in ways that respects the individual’s autonomy and dignity. As patients live longer due to advancements in medical care, nurses are increasingly being faced with care options that extend life, versus options that do not extend life but which promote quality of life through a greater acceptance of death. A related issue is physician-assisted suicide. When physician-assisted suicide is legal, nurses may have this option presented to them by patients, creating ethical dilemmas. This paper… Continue Reading...

Trial Evidence

Response to Craker Craker describes the three types of evidence used during the Salem judicial proceedings: spectral evidence, non-spectral evidence, and confessions. According to Craker, the types of evidence used determined which individuals were selected for trial and execution. Most importantly, the author claims that no individual was called to trial or executed on the basis of spectral evidence alone. Craker shows how a closer examination of trial evidence and procedures can reconstruct a more accurate narrative of the Salem events. Prior historical constructions have been emotionally driven and sensationalistic, based on the assumption that spectral evidence was weighted more… Continue Reading...

Trading Strategy Of Cryptocurrencies

Clustering Cryptocurrencies 1. Introduction Why is clustering interesting? How to value cryptocurrencies has been a major question ever since so many began finding their way to market. As Qunitero (2018) points out, “having a clear and unbiased benchmark while evaluating new decentralized projects in the crypto economy” could help to answer the question of valuation. Clustering commonly occurs around token type: thus, one routinely sees the clustering of currency tokens, platform tokens, utility tokens, brand tokens, and security tokens. Yet these are not the only clusters that may appear, the more closely one looks at the space. As clustering shows… Continue Reading...

Deere Cost Management

performance. To achieve this employment of tools and approaches are employed to enhance variable costs such as target pricing, activity-based costing (Ferrell and Hartline, 2012). Making the most of them permits professionals and experts in cost management to be able to ensure that the firm is in a strategic position, together with the suppliers, and attain a competitive advantage. The result will encompass a decrease in costs via inventive product design. The cost management process essentially necessitated real pay rate correction and total margin as the result subsequent to close observation and examination of the data. The pay rate… Continue Reading...

Deontology Theory's Application to Dnr

The term ‘deontology’ has its roots in the Greek language – ‘deon’ being the Greek word for ‘duty’ and ‘logos’ meaning ‘study/ science of’. Within the context of modern ethical philosophy, the normative theory of deontology involves prohibited, allowed, or ethically incumbent choices. That is, deontology is categorized under those ethical theories which drive and evaluate one’s choice of what one should do (i.e., deontic theories), as opposed to virtue/aretaic theories which drive and evaluate the type of individual one is or ought to be. In the context of ethical theories involving choice assessment, deontologists and consequentialists maintain opposite stands… Continue Reading...

Research Methods for Sociologists

Sociological Perspective The sociological perspective is a perspective on how human activity and behavior relates to society. By looking at the relationship between individuals and social structures, the sociological perspective emerges as one that identifies functions, conflicts and interactions within society and among people. In other words, the sociological perspective allows researchers to see how people and society relate to one another, what connects them, what drives them, and what shapes their evolution. There are many different ways in which researchers can study people and society. The methods used by sociologist to study society include survey research, interviews, participant observation,… Continue Reading...

Content and Reliability Of Assessments and Job

1. Why are reliability and validity important for assessment? How are content validity and criterion-related validity used to establish construct validity? Support your position. Assessment instructions, whether for measuring cognitive ability or intelligence, or for psychometrics like personality, need to be both reliable and valid; otherwise, their results would be meaningless. In fact, using unreliable or invalid assessment instruments could lead to distorted judgments and biased beliefs. The decisions made based on reliable assessments can be sound and productive, whereas decisions made based on invalid or unreliable assessments may be unethical. Assessment reliability refers to how consistent the results are,… Continue Reading...

Statistical Data Usage in Criminal Justice Leadership

test an assumption or hypothesis or to show to what extent a population is impacted by a certain variable. Statistical data can also be used to build databases that store information about populations and the types and frequencies of crimes that are committed. Crime can be better understood by region, by race, by age, by gender, by ethnicity and so on thanks to criminal justice databases that use statistical data to create a picture of the overall element of crime in a specific region, city, community, or nation. Such databases can thereby serve leaders who must shape policy according… Continue Reading...

Management and Leadership Dream Job Cfo

My Utopia Job: CFO Being a Chief Financial Officer (CFO) for a major Fortune 500 company would be my dream job. Capitalizing on a core base of competencies in accounting, cash flow management, and risk management, the CFO sits in the C-suite with a greater sense of purpose and a role that is instrumental in guiding the organization’s strategies (“Chief financial officer (CFO) job description,” 2017). An understanding of management concepts, theories, and principles will help me achieve this goal to help me manifest a utopic career. For example, systems theory shows how the CFO fits into the overall organization… Continue Reading...

Virtual Teams Place in Organizations

Virtual Teams in Organization Research Questions The fundamental research question is to examine the deliberations, advantages, and disadvantages of virtual teams in organizations. Deliberations in this regard take into account a question on the manner in which members of virtual teams deem altering their activities and behaviors so as to operate efficaciously. The fundamental research question is followed by sub-research questions: 1. What are the most idea practices and implements employed in virtual teams? 2. Which competencies and skills support effective work in virtual teams? 3. What is the role of communication and reliance within virtual teams and how can… Continue Reading...

Psychology Phenomenology Descriptive Qualitative Methods

Assignment 1 Phenomenological psychology focuses on the subjective experiences of individuals. The “founder” of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl presented a cohesive methodology and philosophical framework that laid the foundation for phenomenological psychology. One of the greatest challenges of phenomenological psychology is differentiating between the unique subjective experiences and perceptions of individuals and the need to discern an objective, shared reality. Phenomenological psychology is almost easier to define by what it is not: it is not about using the scientific method to study human behavior, and it is not about studying personality or psychoses. Rather, phenomenological psychology is about understanding the nature… Continue Reading...

Logical Positivism and Scientific Research

Response to Language, Truth and Logic by AJ Ayer The Nature of Science Ayer makes the argument that empirical science must serve as the basis of all claims, as it is through empirical science—evidence obtained through the use of the five senses—that one knows reality. Ayer (1990) asks, “What valid process of reasoning can possibly lead [one] to the conception of a transcendent reality?” (p. 4). The answer he provides is that there is no valid process: “Surely from empirical premises nothing whatsoever concerning the properties, or even the existence, of anything super empirical can legitimately be inferred” (Ayer, 1990,… Continue Reading...

Parkinson's Disease

Abstract This paper examines the impact of Parkinson’s disease on elderly (65+ years of age) Caucasian males. This is an underserved population in the U.S. 1% of all elderly persons suffer from Parkinson’s and 60% of them are of this underserved population. The paper discusses risk factors that may lead to the onset of this disease but recognizes that the etiology of Parkinson’s is still as of yet unknown. It examines some of the most common health issues of this population and identifies existing barriers to care. The key factors and social determinants of health of this population are discussed… Continue Reading...

Nursing Evidence Based Practice Research

The Implementation of Evidence-Based Practice Evidence-based practice is a cornerstone of effective patient care (Mateo & Kirchhoff, 2009). The robustness of any existing body of evidence is only as useful as the ability of advance practice nurses to access, retrieve, and implement that knowledge in the practice environment. Therefore, nurses need systematic and comprehensive strategies for making information available to colleagues. Nurses also need their administrators to invest in the latest tools and technologies that promote evidence-based practice including networks and information systems. Policies and procedures should not only uphold the tenets of evidence-based practice but also make it easier… Continue Reading...

How to Store Prescription Drugs Safety

Article 1: McCauley, J.L., Back, S.E. & Brady, K.T. (2013). Pilot of a brief, web-based educational intervention targeting safe storage and disposal of prescription opioids. Addictive Behaviors 38(2013): 2230-2235. In this article, McCauley, Back & Brady (2013) report on the results of an open pilot trial focusing on increasing patient knowledge of safe use of prescription opioids. Participants were 62 outpatients at a chronic pain management clinic or dental clinic who were prescribed opioids. All participants received informed consent and then completed the Script Safety intervention, which is an online information service containing information specific to the medication each participant… Continue Reading...

Personal Reflection on Leadership Book

John Maxwell provides a practical guide for cultivating and optimizing leadership skills in The Five Levels of Leadership. A unique approach to leadership, in that it does not focus on any one theory, The Five Levels explains different types of leaders, explaining different situational and psychological variables that can impact leadership status or success. After each chapter of The Five Levels, Maxwell offers readers tips for how to develop the optimal mindset for expanding leadership potential and to reach the next stage of personal empowerment. Expanding spheres of influence means ultimately to reach beyond the self to create a legacy.… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Talent Management

1. I was first inspired to study the identification and development of high potential employees from the human resources management perspective, which is inherently a multidisciplinary approach. Although my dissertation project seems a long way away, now is a good time to dive into the body of evidence and theory surrounding this important issue. Understanding how to identify, motivate, and develop high potential employees is something that can add value to an organization and increase its overall productivity, effectiveness, and competitiveness in a dynamic market environment. My research has thus far introduced me to a number of different theories and… Continue Reading...

Provider Patient Communication Through Professional Interpreters

pre-test and post-test scores, synthesized data, and created a final report of the study’s findings. Variables The dependent variable for this study is provider-patient communication while the independent variables are language-concordance and professional interpreters. Provider-patient communication is the dependent variable since the intervention being implemented is expected to have impacts on this variable. On the other hand, professional/bilingual interpreters and language-concordance are the independent variables that will also act as the interventions. The study measures the impact with which professional interpreters and language-concordance affects provider-patient communication in terms of reduced language barriers. In this case, the independent variables will be deemed… Continue Reading...

Research in Education Qualitative Quantitative

use of strict random assignment, tight controls, and an experimental design. Causation can only be determined when one variable is associated with specific responses, in predetermined periods of time and in set environments. For this reason, causation is much easier to determine in the hard sciences than in social science due to the wide range of confounding variables in settings like education. Usually, researchers can only safely determine there is a correlation between two variables. For example, if an education program intervention leads to improved average test scores within a certain school, the research must acknowledge that factors other… Continue Reading...

The Local State and Federal Levels Of Disaster Management

At its simplest and most succinct, the mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA, 2018a) is “helping people before, during, and after emergencies,” (p. 1). To fulfill this mission, FEMA engages in a variety of related actions including strategic planning, intelligence gathering, communication, and coordination. FEMA conducts risk assessments, helps communities build resilience, and helps to protect or recovery essential services. FEMA (2018b) also outlines its five core mission areas, which include prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. FEMA remains active at each of these stages of emergency management and does not discriminate against any one type of emergency,… Continue Reading...

Research Design Issues in Education Dual Credit

eschew quantitative methods. On the other hand, if I were to believe that some variable like enrollment rates or completion rates were the most important factor in dual credit program evaluation, then I would opt for an experimental, quasi-experimental, or other quantitative design (Muijs, n.d.). To help with my decision in designing the research, I would then look to my philosophical goal: to influence public policy and educational practice. Because my goal with the research is to make dual credit programs more effective and relevant for specific underserved populations (specifically, low income and English language learners), I would need… Continue Reading...

Problems with Random Assignment Experiments on Principals

In “An Examination of the Benefits, Limitations, and Challenges of Conducting Randomized Experiments with Principals,” the researchers use a case study method to show why a professional development program for principals failed to achieve its desired outcomes. Focusing on one school district with 48 principals, the authors state, “We developed and understanding of why the program failed to achieve its intended goals,” (p. 188). The District Professional Development (DPD) program was designed to improve leadership capacities among principals with the ultimate goal of improving school outcomes. Based on interviews with district officials, a systematic review of the DPD materials, observations… Continue Reading...

Using the T Test in an Experimental Research Design

to study the impact of background noise level on sixth grader learning in a math lesson, the independent variable is the background noise condition. Mary has decided to use a t-test, which means that she will only have two conditions that differ from one another (“T Test (Student’s T-Test),” n.d.). In this case, the experimental condition would be high background noise (measured by decibel level perhaps), and the control condition would be low background noise (also measured by decibel level). The independent variable in this experiment would be learning in a mathematics lesson. Learning can be assessed using a… Continue Reading...

Project Proposal Predictive Analytics

Predictive Analytics Project Proposal Introduction Predictive analytics has got to do with the extraction of information from the various data sets that are available at present with an aim of identifying specific patterns and predicting future trends as well as outcomes. It is important to note that predictive models do not necessarily determine the future. Instead, they are predictions or conjectures of future events. The relevance of predictive models cannot be overstated in business. This is more so the case given that they help in the analysis of historical trends as well as present data to not only highlight opportunities… Continue Reading...

International Management

psychographic is going to be fairly consistent across Europe, even if other factors are more variable. If you are choosing to market across Europe, then finding the common threads among your customers will be key to marketing at scale. There are still going to be limits, especially with psychographics, because of the differences of marketing across Europe. If you limit geographically, you create a limit where you might be ruling out some easy wins in other nations. But if you go broad geographically and target psychographically, you might miss the mark on messaging, or distribution, and otherwise create difficulties… Continue Reading...

Psychology Statistics T Test and Multiple Regressions

groups or anything that would allow for me to determine if there was an effect caused by the independent variable. After applying the t-test to my initial research design, I could then design a more robust study with even greater reliability and validity. 2. Multiple regressions are commonly used in statistical analysis. The reason why multiple regressions are so commonly used is that they perform one of the most fundamental functions in experimental research: which is to determine the relationship between an independent and a dependent variable. A multiple regression can be used for different types of research design… Continue Reading...

Factors for Keeping Employees

Readmission of Hispanic Populations for CHF Abstract Background: The specific phenomenon examined within this paper is the readmission of Hispanic patients for congestive heart failure (CHF). Hispanic patients are representative of myriads of underserved populations in this regard and are frequently troubled by readmissions for this ailment due to an assortment of factors revealed from an thorough literature review about this subject. Literature Review: The literature review for this paper involved searching and parsing through scholarly articles specific to this phenomenon. The author of this document sought out articles focused on this particular population segment and issues contributing instances of… Continue Reading...

Workplace Culture Race Religion Gender

Race, class, gender, ethnicity, and religion are all variables that impact a person’s identity, worldview, communication style, and behaviors. Applying the sociological imagination to the workplace environment enables a greater understanding of how these factors impact daily interactions and events, with the goals of promoting harmony and resolving conflict. Being aware of race, gender, and religion has helped me function better in teams. The times that I neglected to recognize race, religion, and gender taught me valuable lessons and helped me to become more emotionally and socially intelligent. Race, gender, and religion are all socially constructed variables rather than being… Continue Reading...

Social Sciences and Its Statistical Package

Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Describe ways in which MS Excel can be used by a manager of an organization as a tool for interpreting data There are different ways in which a manager of an organization can employ MS Excel as a tool for data interpretation. One of the uses of MS Excel is collating, which encompasses collecting associated data items into a single item. The layout and formatting of the worksheet can enable the managers to perceive data sets in a structured and organized formation, which augments clarity of the data. The second benefit is processing. Excel… Continue Reading...

The Housing Crisis and Insecurity and Poverty in America

Matthew Desmond addresses the intersection between race, class, and gender in Evicted. The case studies Desmond uses take place in Wisconsin, which serves effectively as a microcosm for the United States. While the overarching issues Desmond discusses can be one of the book’s main draws, it is the details in each of the stories that compels readers to take action or learn more about issues like institutionalized poverty, institutionalized racism, the perpetuation of the housing crisis, and systematic economic exploitation. The people Desmond profiles lack the power to stimulate change, and yet through collective action and self-empowerment it becomes possible… Continue Reading...

Reducing Patient Falls

Clinical/Organizational Problem According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2018), between 700,000 and one million patients in the United States fall while in hospital each year, and about one third of these falls could have been easily prevented with effective administrative procedures and best practice protocols. Yet many organizations lack the quality and safety initiatives they need to prevent patient falls in hospital. As a result of negligence to prevent falls, patients experience a number of injuries that could even lead to higher mortality rates. Hospitals like this, which do… Continue Reading...

Ten Strategic Points

a high potential employee program successful? Independent variables Existence and use of high potential employee programs – variable would be measured on a nominal scale on three different organizations (participants). The selection for these participants is done purposively on organizations that have and use high potential employee identification and development programs. Dependent variables DV1 – existence of a program for identification and development of high potential employees. DV2 – uses of the high potential employee identification and development program. DV3 – benefits of the program. The above three dependent variables are correlated for they will be used for the measurement of… Continue Reading...

Unit Of Analysis in a Research Project

Unit of Analysis A unit of analysis constitutes an object of study in research undertakings (Cole, 2018). Definition and bounding of the case may prove challenging since a number of variables and points of interest overlap and intersect within cases researches. Development of research questions, propositions for case selection, focus identification, and boundary refining has been recommended for effective establishment of the aforementioned components in the study design. Case bounding proves crucial when it comes to information acquisition and analysis management, focusing, and framing. This entails selectiveness and specificity in the identification of case parameters such as respondents, process and… Continue Reading...

Art Of War

Summary/Abstract The subject of terrain is covered exclusively in one of the thirteen chapters in Sun Tzu’s The Art of War. In fact, terrain is addressed throughout The Art of War, so critical is positioning to tactical advantage and strategy. For example, the fourth chapter on “Tactical Dispositions” addresses positioning prior to Sun Tzu’s more formal “Classification of Terrain” in Chapter Ten. Whereas “Tactical Dispositions” covers defensive options, and relative positions vis-a-vis the enemy, “Terrain” demonstrates how variations in terrain impact strategy and outcome. Therefore, “Terrain” offers an unparalleled level of detail on the subject of geography that is of… Continue Reading...

Why Noise Traders Do Not Move Markets

that “although we cannot rule out the possibility that our sentiment measure captures variations in a macroeconomic state variable, and that beta and its pricing covary with this variable, such an explanation should also accord with negative beta pricing during optimistic periods, which is challenging” (Antoniou et al., 2015, p. 366). Indeed, challenging is an apt term and indicates that the more is happening with this model that meets the eye. Overall, the various tests performed to build out the robustness of the study do not help to solidify the study’s validity. For example, for Table 7, the researchers… Continue Reading...

T Tests in Quantitative Research

Additionally, this t-test is used to compare two sample means from one population on the same variable, but at two different time periods like a pre-test and post-test (Empirical Reasoning Center, 2018). In quantitative doctoral business research, paired-sample t-tests are used when an observation is one group is matched with a correlated observation in another group. Independent-sample t-tests are used to compare two sample means from diverse populations on the same variable. Unlike paired-sample t-tests, independent-sample t-tests do not match members or attributes from the different populations. Qualitative Research Proposal An example of a qualitative research proposal that would… Continue Reading...

Statistical Test for Significantly Different Sample Means

scale and another one a numerical scale. The sample carrying the nominal is a grouping variable and is the independent variable. The sample with the numerical scale is a test variable and is the dependent variable (Ruane, 2005). This paper seeks to determine the statistical significance between the means of work shift (day and night shift) and the mean of the number of widgets produced in either shifts. This will be undertaken by use of the independent sample t-test. The work shift is the independent variable that defines the distinct group each worker belongs to. The number of widgets… Continue Reading...

Pert and Cpm Pert and Cpm Usage

for all activities. This is especially important when time is of the essence. Time is often a fundamental variable when it comes to handling tight deadlines in the nonprofit sector. The significance of time is especially evidenced when building external schedules like the monthly billing or the school calendar cycle. Individual timelines are likely to play a part in the program that responds to infant and maternal health issues since support and services are associated with biological events in the pregnancy and development of children (Social Solutions, 2018). Examples of programs and projects where the CPM and PERT method… Continue Reading...

Difference Between Causation and Correlation

Following the gathering of data using this method, if it can be established that the variable that has been manipulated experimentally has some correlation with dependent variable and that the correlation is not necessary linear, then the condition are right for making causal inference. This mean that when the gathering of data is done through experimental means and any misleading data is alleviated then the presence of a correlation implies there is causation. In order to make causal inference it is required that there is confidence from the outcomes of the ANOVA and t tests although not necessarily with… Continue Reading...

Qualitative Doctoral Business Research Role Of Theory

Running Head: QUALITATIVE DOCTORAL BUSINESS RESEARCH ANALYSIS 1 QUALITATIVE DOCTORAL BUSINESS RESEARCH ANALYSIS 5 Analysis Role of Theory in Context of Qualitative Doctoral Business Research Introduction Models and theories produce the basis upon which empirical inquiries are built. Empirical research is not only concerned with data variations (with respect to what is going on in the globe) but also with testing whether such data is in conformity with the theory or model (Creswell & Plano Clark, 2007). It is also our intention to progress existing theories or even come up with new ones on the basis of existing ones and… Continue Reading...

What Can Be Learned at Residency

Organizational Culture AA The implications of using criteria, such as Baldrige, in assessing organizational culture needs are that the criteria serve as “a tool for understanding and managing organizational performance” (NIST, 2015). In other words, the organizational culture can be assessed, using the criteria, which allows the company to measure and manage performance. If the culture is facilitating growth in performance, the company can deduce that the culture is doing well. The criteria consist of a set of questions that the company asks itself to better understand its performance and how it operates from within. Any criteria can help the… Continue Reading...

Fitness and Health Insurance Reform

Q1. Personal Fitness Trackers Even when personal fitness trackers present the same information, they can visually display the information in different ways. Regardless, the theory behind such trackers, and the ability to see how many steps, calories burned, and activity in relation to the activity engaged in the past, is that people are more motivated when they have concrete evidence of their improvement. What cannot be measured cannot be consciously changed. However, according to a study in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, in a randomized control study (the gold standard of academic research), using a fitness tracker had no effect… Continue Reading...

Article Critique Worksheet Learning and Sense Of Community

each analysis, the authors made use of a one-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) with the independent variable used being the grouping variable. This statistical analysis was selected as there were several dependent variables. The dependent variables were identified as “total course points, perceived learning, and the two classroom community measures.” 9. What are the major conclusions of the study? How do they relate to the hypothesis? The study came to the conclusion that “on the four outcomes measured by the study, the African American only section of the course and the Caucasian students in the mixed section represented… Continue Reading...

The Stages Of Childhood Development Physical Cognitive

Piaget’s Stages of Development Few theorists have had as strong an impact on developmental psychology as Jean Piaget. While the theories of Lev Vygotsky have offered compelling counterpoints to Piaget’s theories, the stages of psychosocial development Piaget proposed remain salient. In fact, it is easy to combine emerging research on childhood development from infancy to adolescence in terms of Piaget’s stages. As Lightfoot, Cole & Cole (2009) point out, evolutionary theories, information processing theories, and systems theories can all be integrated within the staged concept of development that Piaget proposed. Piaget shows how children develop physically, socially, and cognitively. Likewise,… Continue Reading...

Research Design and Methods Used in Leadership

Data Collection in Leadership As a social science, leadership research may involve any type of quantitative or qualitative data collection method. Qualitative research data collection methods include observation, participant-observation, interview, and document or content analysis (“Data Collection Methods,” n.d.). Quantitative data collection methods used in leadership research may include surveys and experiments, which allow for statistical analysis, the establishment of causality between independent and dependent variables, and the tracking of results over time. Whereas quantitative data collection methods had once been the most commonly used in the social sciences, recent trends in leadership research have shifted towards qualitative methods (Antonakis,… Continue Reading...

Social Science Research Methods Gang Violence

aggressive behavior. All of these hypotheses have the same dependent variable (aggressive behavior exhibited over the past week). These hypotheses and related research questions are also directly aligned with the purpose of the study: which is to identify risk factors for adolescent aggression. Moreover, the authors chose three of the most salient independent variables (exposure to violence, having friends or family members in gangs, and low social self-control) that have been already shown to be associated with aggressive behavior. The authors also want to illustrate the connections between these two variables, two of which are circumstantial or environmental (exposure… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Nursing Patients Caring

1. Nursing Theorist Overview Theory guides nursing practice and provides a framework for nurse leadership and healthcare management (McKenna, Pajnikar & Murphy, 2014). All prominent nursing theorists like the individuals covered in the multimedia presentation have influenced nursing practice in some way or another, and all do resonate with me on a personal and professional level. I will incorporate elements of all theorists into my practice in terms of interpersonal communications and attitudes towards health and healing. Of the theorists covered in the presentation, those of Florence Nightingale resonate the most because of her inclusion of environmental factors implicated in… Continue Reading...

Heart Disease and Stress

area of research. Exposure to stress over time, such as in workplace stress, is a known variable implicated in the etiology of heart disease. However, exposure to singular stressful events can trigger a physiological pattern whereby the individual becomes more prone to cardiovascular disease over time, with inhibited protective factors like the autoimmune response. Research in cardiovascular health also identifies individual differences with regards to genetic predispositions. Yet more than any other factor including genetic predisposition, chronic exposure to stress may be the most important—and most controllable—variable implicated in heart disease. References Cohen, B.E., Edmondson, D. & Kronish, I.M.… Continue Reading...

Qualitative and Quantitative Research Differences

Discussion of the Differences Between Quantitative and Qualitative Research Q1. How does a research problem/question guide the determination to conduct a quantitative versus a qualitative research study? In general, qualitative research is exploratory in nature and seeks to understand a particular phenomenon from a particular subject’s perspective (McLeod, 2017). It is open-ended in its focus and the researcher has no predetermined conclusions before embarking upon the study. As a result, it focuses on a small rather than a large population. In stark contrast, a quantitative study seeks to understand a phenomenon in an objective fashion that is generalizable to a… Continue Reading...

Flint Water Crisis

The Flint, Michigan water crisis has become a poster child for environmental injustice, environmental racism, and inequitable resource distribution in the United States. It has also represented a case of bleak mismanagement of precious natural resources and the inability of the United States to adequately respond to the most basic human needs. The water crisis was but a grim manifestation of decades of racist land use policies and political realities, which can be traced back to periods of segregation and the white flight to the suburban sprawl. Moreover, the Flint water crisis showcases the role government plays in colluding with… Continue Reading...

Differences Between Inferential and Descriptive Statistics

US Healthcare System Healthcare staffing needs are expected to change in the next 10 years. As 78 million Americans are expected to hit retirement age, there will be need for more healthcare staffs who cater for the needs of the elderly or aging population. Garson & Levin (2001) state that changes in the healthcare sector are expected to enhance patient care processes, improved quality of care, and increased efficiency. Modern trends in the health sector shows that healthcare systems will evolve to best leverage a global market for their services through shifting to value-based care and placing emphasis on clinical… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Different Interactions on Students Sense Of Community in E Learning Environment

Questions and Answers: Effects of Different Interactions on Students' Sense of Community in E-Learning Environment 1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format. Luo, N., Zhang, M. & Qi, D. (2017). Effects of Different Interactions on Students' Sense of Community in E-Learning Environment. Computers & Education, 115, 153-160 2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to “understand how interactions influence students' sense of community and continuous use intention of e-learning platform.” A study of this nature is of great relevance, particularly given the fact that most educational institution continue to adopt… Continue Reading...

Community Psychology Diversity and Social Action Research

An Ecological Approach Community psychology uses an ecological or systems approach, recognizing that individuals are inseparable from their social networks and communities. According to Dalton, Elias & Wandersman (2012), community psychology also works with seven core values. Those values include individual and family wellness, a sense of community, respect for human diversity, social justice, empowerment and citizen participation, collaboration and community struggle, and empirical grounding. Thus, community psychology can be viewed as an interface between traditional individualistic psychology, sociology, and social work. Community psychology has been called a “common sense” approach given its broad focus on the ecological connections between… Continue Reading...

Effects Of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments

Article Critique Worksheet 1. Correctly reference the article using current APA format. Schutt, M., Allen, B.S. & Laumakis, M.A. (2009). The Effects of Instructor Immediacy Behaviors in Online Learning Environments. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 135-148. 2. What is the purpose of the study? In the present study, the authors sought to assess and evaluate the perception of participants in relation to the social presence as well as immediacy of the instructor and how immediacy relates to social presence in online educational settings. 3. List the hypotheses; then, underline and label the corresponding independent/dependent variables or predictor/criterion variables.… Continue Reading...

Criteria for Qualitative Research

Criteria for Evaluating Qualitative Research Qualitative research is different from quantitative in that the data analyzed and the methods by which the data are analyzed are unique. Qualitative research tends to be exploratory—the data obtained is used to describe the phenomenon under scrutiny, usually in thematic terms, while quantitative research tends to test a hypothesis—the data obtained can usually be statistically analyzed and understood in numeric terms. When it comes to evaluating the quality of research designs, reliability and validity are two considerations that have to be made: does the study measure what it purports to measure, and can the… Continue Reading...

The Problem Of Poverty

Poverty in the U.S. Poverty is a major variable in the lives of many people in the U.S. The median household income for families in the U.S. is $59,000 (Semega, Fontenot and Kollar)—yet 40.6 million people live in poverty in the U.S., or 12.7% of the population (Semega, Fontenot and Kollar). If poverty were a health issue it would be considered an epidemic. This paper will address the issue of poverty in the U.S. and explain how it is an injustice and how it affects higher education for young… Continue Reading...

Hiring Practices and Ethical Legal

Abstract Human resources managers are increasingly called upon to contribute to ethical decision making in their hiring practices. Hiring policies and practices are a critical gateway to fulfilling organizational ethical commitments. Using standard screening methods like background checks or screening applicant social media accounts present ethical dilemmas, pitting the need for due diligence against the need to resist any form of discrimination in hiring. By engaging in hiring policies and practices that reflect legal ground rules and also ethical codes, human resources managers achieve critical security goals and also protect the legal and ethical rights of employees. Key issues to… Continue Reading...

Human Resources Management in Nonprofit Organizations

retention. Research on volunteers in nonprofit organizations allow for the control of pay as a variable in employee retention, engagement, and decision to remain with the organization. For example, Garner & Garner (2010) found that structural support and “opportunities to connect with other people” were crucial factors in unpaid employee retention (p. 813). Yet few other studies have revealed what nonprofit organizations are actually doing to retain top talent, develop high performers, and ensure their long-term success. One survey of 79 nonprofits, plus seven additional case studies, revealed that nonprofit organizations do not even use strategic human resources management (Akingbola,… Continue Reading...

Dana Incorporated Implementing Change

Implementing Change Increased customer demand is most important pressure to address at this time in order to maintain a competitive and viable company. Dana Incorporated has been providing their customers for the past years with products of high quality and quantity that satisfies their customer’s expectation. However, due to increase in customer demands for new cars and trucks, there has been increased demand of customers to companies like Toyota, Jeep and Ford. Recently, the increased customer demands are approaching maximum capacity hence exceeding production capacity. Increased customer demand set Dana Incorporated with competition pressure. Currently, increased customer demand for commercial… Continue Reading...

Social Psychology

Social psychology is the study of human behavior in social situations, showing how social pressures and sociological variables can impact psychological phenomenon such as identity, motivation, personality, or behavior. A quintessential topic in the field of social psychology is bullying. Bullying can be studied from a public health perspective, showing how the external variables such as how a school is designed and the leadership and organizational culture of the school affects risk factors implicated in bullying behaviors or victimization patterns. Alternatively, bullying can be examined from a purely psychological perspective to reveal the factors implicated in aggressive physical or verbal… Continue Reading...

Chronic Kidney Disease

Background According to the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (2018), chronic kidney disease is one program that Environmental Health and Safety professionals are examining more closely to better understand how environment factors into the onset of the disease. Chronic kidney disease is characterized as the failure of the kidneys to filter waste and excess fluid from the blood (Mayo Clinic, 2018). Without the efficient use of the kidneys, the body’s stability and health are threatened. Heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and anemia are all possible outcomes that an individual may experience as a result of kidney failure. As there are… Continue Reading...

Situational Leadership Styles at Salesforce

leadership trait for companies that select for highly talented individuals. Those individuals might come to the company with variable commitment, but the ability of management to provide the needed supportive behavior is critical to shifting that commitment level. When an employee has variable commitment, but receives support, the commitment level can shift to high. So there is an important role for a company like Salesforce to utilize the D3 "supporting" leadership style to push talented peopled into the D4 realm, from which their talents can truly be unleashed. Added Value The added value of the D3 and D4 leadership… Continue Reading...

Military Tribunals or Federal Courts Terrorism

Background of Terrorist Trials in the United States Terrorism occupies a unique liminal position, somewhere between acts of war and criminal acts. Because of this, jurisdiction, the rights of terrorist suspects, and other ethical and legal conundrums have lent themselves to an inconsistent and ambiguous terrorist trial system in the United States. Historically, as now, terrorist trials in the United States have taken place in several different jurisdictions, and prosecutorial discretion can be based on factors like circumstantial and situational variables or on political whim. Whether or not the terrorist incident was allegedly perpetrated by a domestic or an international… Continue Reading...

Understanding Supply Chain Management

which this entire process is effectively eschewed. However, this variable is one that requires more strict regulation and controlling so that it does not add to the time of the two quantifiable outputs, but ideally decreases that time. Improvement The analysis phase demonstrates there are a variety of ways in which AADC can improve its quality improvement when ordering parts via its supply chain. The improve phase in Six Sigma is the step in which organizations devise measures to account for these opportunities and actually implement them. One of the most readily accessible means by which AADC can decrease… Continue Reading...

Broken Arrow Brothers: a Criminological Analysis

One of the most heinous familicide cases in American history occurred in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma in 2015. Two brothers, aged 16 and 18, tortured and killed their parents and three of their five siblings. The older of the brothers, Robert, has been widely considered to be the mastermind of the murder plot and coerced his younger brother into helping him,” (Youngman & Jensen, 2018, p. 1). Both brothers did receive multiple life sentences in the trial that concluded in 2018. Robert had plead guilty in 2016, and the younger brother Michael was tried separately (“Michael Bever, Okla. teen, guilty of… Continue Reading...

Visionary Leadership Of Nelson Mandela

Visionary Leadership After being detained in prison for 27 years, Nelson Mandela walked out of Prison to lead South Africans in their quest to break free from Apartheid rule. He became the first Black president of the Republic of South Africa and led a robust reconciliation effort that helped Blacks and Whites in South Africa forgive one another and find common ground to work on to help build South Africa. For these efforts, Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize. Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 in Transkei and went on to be a student of law at Fort Hare… Continue Reading...

Diabetes and Self Care

generate a measure for each participant before glycemic control. The control was included as a control variable in the model to help estimate the association with each of the predictor. Autonomy support, diabetes, and HbA1c in the period of 12 months (Lee et al, 2018). Implications The study was the first one to examine both direct and diabetes distress buffering effect of autonomy support for the 12-month glycemic control in type 2 diabetes adults. It helped to provide evidence for the direct relationship between autonomy support and subsequent glycemic control for HBAIc lower than12 months (Lee et al 2018).… Continue Reading...

Zoster Without Complications

A large number of research works deal with the problem, though with variable findings. On the basis of outcomes of several researches, treatment using Zovirax (i.e., acylovir) seems to moderately reduce post- herpetic neuralgia development. Famvir (famciclovir), Valtrex (valacyclovir) and similar antiviral agents seem comparably effective. Oral corticosteroids have also been popularly utilized when treating HZ, despite clinical trials depicting variable outcomes. A combination of acyclovir and prednisone decreases HZ- linked pain. Caladryl and other calamine- containing lotions can be applied to open lesions for alleviating pruritus and pain (Stankus, Dlugopolski & Packer, 2000). References Brody, M. B., & Moyer,… Continue Reading...

Alignment and Social Change

method of collecting data. This means that if the researcher is doing an experiment or measuring the impact of one variable on another or the relationship of variables, counting percentages or doing something statistical, the study will need a quantitative design. The data collection instrument will be something like a survey with a Likert scale measurement, or it will look at data test results, or so on. The purpose of the study will be to obtain actually figures that can be numerically or statistically calculated and analyzed to provide objective data. This would show alignment between data collection methods and… Continue Reading...

Positive and Negative Stress in the Workplace

management interventions substantially affect the predicted values for the dependent variable. The questionnaire used will be closed-ended. So as to successfully answer this study’s questions, the study will involve the gathering of quantitative information so as to settle the impact and cause connection between the variable factors and to derive an accurate explanation of the research phenomenon from its respondents. The quantitative method is seen as better for answering the study’s questions. This will allow one to gather concrete numerical data and analyze it for undeniable patterns and trends, shedding light on the complexities of the situation. 10. Research… Continue Reading...

Globalization and Major Programmes

the magnitude of uncertainty, the participants within the project are permitted a variable magnitude of latitude in decision-making and individual behavior. Imperatively, when latitude is non-existent or limited, as a result, the behavior of the participants is made dependent on discipline. A restricted degree of latitude is not necessarily detrimental to the success of a project, as it permits, in some measure, the principle of the hiding hand to operate and function. A suitable mix of latitude and discipline is suggested for a great deal of projects (di Notarbartolo Villarosa, 2005). It might be useful to have the freedom… Continue Reading...

The Deal Between the French Champagne House and Mpb Ltd

cost £2.50 for every set. This implies that the variable cost is £8 + £3 + £2.50 = £13.50 The total variable costs will be £13.50 × 5,000 = £67,500 The total fixed costs will be £6,000 × 5,000 = £30,000 Therefore, the total costs will be £67,500 + £30,000 = £97,500 By including the additional cost of engraving the logo, the total variable cost for every boule set becomes £13.50. Despite the fact that there is a positive contribution margin, MPB should not accept the offer from the French Champagne house. This is because the deal will result… Continue Reading...

The Influence Of Data Visualizations

is visible in the dataset examined for this assignment. In particular, the categorical variable examined in this visualization showed that at this point in their lives, there is a fiar amount of compartmentalization. In the professional world, this capacity of data visualizations is used to exploit business value in various avenues, most notably marketing, finance, and even some facets of the public sector. Still, the primary conclusion is that this tendency to view others in categorical terms, or to even have social categories in mind at all when one encounters others, is something that is ultimately supported by the… Continue Reading...

Neurological Disease

in a stamped addressed envelope. Independent and Dependent Variables In this study the independent variable is the condition of either having dimension or another cognitive impairment or being free from such an impairment. The be dependent variable involves the persons reported social behavioral functioning. Study Design The Minim Mental State Examination (MMSE), was used to determine the general cognitive status of the participants. This instrument has been used as a screening instrument that quantifies conditions across multiple cognitive domains that include memory, language, practice attention, and orientation. It has been shown to have good reliability and sensitivity in late adulthood (Henry,… Continue Reading...

Ethics and Technology at Homeland Security

external threat but also as an internal threat. In other words, terrorism is not just a variable or factor that comes from outside the borders—it can also come from inside. Domestic terrorism or homegrown terrorism can result from the radicalization of members of society who are disgruntled, angry and in communication with radical elements abroad. Immigration presents specific risks for precisely that reason. Yet ethical issues and standards exist to protect the people from overreach by government and to ensure Americans do not have to end up fearing their government as much as they fear the threat of terror.… Continue Reading...

Air Force Tactical Force to Force Exercise

Air Force (Military, 2019) Special Operations Weatherman Training (SOWT) Weather planning is a core variable of mission planning (Lytell, et al., 2018). The Special Ops weathermen address the component of mission planning tailoring meteorological reports on variables such as terrain, snow, oceans, and rivers support specific missions. Lytell, et al., (2018) notes that a comprehensive SOWT is undertaken in 61 weeks. The training entails a 3-month initial training and six months of advanced training to equip the operators with advanced tactical skills. The initial training entails a three-week basic air force skills training, 3.5-week training on basic survival skills, 1-week water survival… Continue Reading...

Epidemiology and Valley Fever

Dream Job Turned Nightmare: Valley Fever Executive Summary According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2018a), coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley fever, is an infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides. The fungus is commonly found in the soil in the Southwestern U.S. and Mexico region. When people breathe in the spores of the fungus, which can hang in the dusty air, they can develop Valley Fever. People who already have weakened immune systems are most likely at risk for developing Valley Fever (Woods et al., 2000). Those with healthier immune systems tend to recover within a few weeks,… Continue Reading...

Project Failure

Project management is an important component in the success of projects undertaken by modern business organizations or enterprises. Organizations embark on project management initiatives to help promote the success and effectiveness of their various projects. However, organizations across the globe face substantial project failure rates, which are often costly since they waste millions of dollars in the process. Given the likelihood of project failures, organizations undertake several measures to help enhance the success of their projects. Despite these efforts, project failure is still a reality that many organizations worldwide have to struggle with. This paper examines three reasons why a… Continue Reading...

American History Civil Rights Era

some time, for several reasons. Affirmative action refers to the deliberate consideration of race, ethnicity, or another demographic variable, to allow formerly marginalized persons or groups to have access to power. It is impossible for women and people of color to access positions and pathways of power if they do not receive the social support necessary, and that social support comes from the conscious transformation of organizations into more welcoming and diverse entities. Furthermore, affirmative action helps to undo the persistent effects of white privilege and male privilege. Continue Reading...

Parental Involvement That Boost Young Children’s Academic Performance

Types of Parental Involvement and Support that Boost Young Children’s Academic Performance Introduction That there is a link between parental support and involvement and students performance is almost incontrovertible. Many studies agree to this and statistical data reveals that most researchers have the same thoughts on the matter (Jeynes, 2015; Wilder, 2013). However, it is not clear as to which kinds of parental involvement and support are effective for which ages and the types of academic performance they affect. This research seeks to find out the kind of parental support and involvement that is efficacious for good student achievement for… Continue Reading...

Future Of Policing Law Enforcement

Policing needs to change, especially has it has failed to live up to its potential in improving quality of life for all citizens. The ideal police force is indeed one that prevents crime, keeps order, respects the rights and dignity of citizens, is friendly and courteous, respects the laws, and does not abuse its power through corruption. Policing needs to be increasingly situated as integral to all other community organizations and institutions. Collaborative and strategic partnerships will help law enforcement achieve the goals it shares in common with other social and political organizations. Reforming community relations, improving trust and accountability,… Continue Reading...

Minor Child Sexual Assault

The case In this particular case study, the client is a 15-year-old minor. She has suffered neglect and abuse and has lived with toxic parents and guardians for a while. As of today, she has had residence in 8 separate communities. Her problems started when she was ten in 2010. At that young age she was sexually abused by somebody who was a friend of her family. The man who abused her is now in jail serving for his crime. When the client was abused at such a young age, she specified that she did not receive any intervention, psychological… Continue Reading...

Reviewing a Grant Proposal

Adaptation theory, memoir, and dance Specific Aims The writer of the grant proposal introduces adaptation theory for the English literature review related to dance. Writer notes how dance has been used to capture literature. However, what has not been explored is dance becoming literature. Meaning notable American modern dance choreographers and their memoirs, how-to guides, autobiographies, and criticisms. These various forms of literature on dance provide an idea of how dance can be turned into something worth of review from a literary standpoint. Moreover, the writer points out the choreographic memoir as the best example of such form. Therefore, the… Continue Reading...

Adam Smith Capitalism Ethics and Business

One of the most interesting ethical dilemmas that continues to plague ethicists and policymakers is the struggle to reconcile the need for free enterprise with the need for social justice. Another ongoing ethical issue is related to organizational culture, shifting social norms, and whether individual actors in organizations define the tenor of the organization as a whole. Neither of these genuine ethical dilemmas can be resolved simply. The first bears itself out in what often appear to be glaring violations of every ethical principle and logical construct. Free enterprise has helped to bolster economic growth and development, as well as… Continue Reading...

Teenage Health Vulnerabilities with Substance Abuse United States

data. Regression analysis is employed to delineate the relationships between a group of independent variables and the dependent variable. In this case, the dependent variable is substance abuse. On the other hand, the set of independent variables comprise of exposure to substance abuse, ethnicity, age, and gender, poverty, and loneliness. Regression would play a significant role in helping with the learning process regarding the nature of the relationship between the variables. The analysis will particularly entail descriptive statistics as well as regression, correlation, and ANOVA analysis. Descriptive statistics will be used to present demographic data and provide measures of… Continue Reading...