World Health Organization Essays


Zika Virus Essay

  Writing a paper about a complex issue such as the Zika virus can be a challenging enterprise, but the model essay presented below provides some useful guidance concerning how to get started, including developing an appropriate thesis, writing an outline and locating relevant content from reliable and legitimate sources. Writing an abstract, introduction and conclusion becomes easier once the preliminary research for the body of the essay is completed. Topics The Effects of Zika virus on pregnant women How the Zika virus is spread from country to country Identifying opportunities to reduce Zika virus infections Will the Zika virus Continue Reading...

Relationship Between Effective Communication and Productivity

such teams make for great team players even in other teams, ( world health organization. (2012). Incorporating diverse practice methods while providing effective patient care Innovating and planning openings for different groups to get together is a highly effective strategy for enhancing diverse practices in any workplace. These group interactions could be formal or informal. Open dialogue, joint rounds, team briefings, and interdisciplinary commissions or task forces that discuss problematic issues constantly gives a solution which reduces the eventuality of troublesome situations. Whenever a disruptive event occurs, some organizations have time-outs, and other coded policies that address the issue immediately… Continue Reading...

How Does Heroin Impact a Caucasian Family

an enduring relapse condition marked by regular opioid self-administration, in spite of its destructive consequences. The world health organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10): Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) provides the most comprehensive conditions for diagnosis of opioid reliance. Addiction has been defined by the WHO as a collection of cognitive, physiological, and behavioral situations in which drug intake (of one or more drugs) is given greater priority by a user, over other behaviors he/she prioritized earlier (Brown, 2004). Typically, Caucasian households greatly influence children's attitudes, behaviors, and values. However,… Continue Reading...

Gender Effect on Job Satisfaction and Leadership

interchangeable terms. This is not correct as there are nuances to the meaning of each word. The world health organization's definition of gender encompasses the roles, activities, attributes and behaviors that the society appropriates to men and women. Sex, on the other hand, is physiological and biological characteristics defining men and women. Sex is denoted by 'Female or Male' while gender is denoted by 'Masculine or Feminine'. What a person is, is their sex, while the stereotypes associated with their sex is their gender (Stephanie N. Crites, Kevin E. Dickson, & Alicia Lorenz, 2015). Leadership Styles of Men and… Continue Reading...

Working Women and Breastfeeding

among working mothers, after they return to their jobs. The WHO ( world health organization) recommendation is that babies ought to be given nothing but breast milk until six months of age, with some amount of breastfeeding to be continued, at least till they reach two years of age (Deirdre Desmond & Sarah Meaney, 2016). Breastfeeding at the Workplace Breastfeeding rates in a majority of industrialized nations are generally below the desired levels. For instance, the 2002 U.S. estimate is that roughly seven in ten American mothers breastfed their babies in the hospital, but less than half this share (i.e.,… Continue Reading...

Hiv and Aids

and India (Avert, 2016). Historical Facts and Policies, and Discuss Your Topic's Evolution and Current Status Historical Facts The world health organization's (WHO) Exit Disclaimer projects that an approximate 36.9 million people the world over had HIV / AIDS as at December of 2014. 2.6 million of these people were children below the age of 15. WHO Exit Disclaimer estimates that 2 million individuals became infected in 2014. Included in this figure are 220,000 children below age 15. Majority of the children are in sub-Saharan Africa and got the infection during breastfeeding, childbirth or pregnancy from their infected mothers. Of the 36.9… Continue Reading...

History Of Government Intervention in Tobacco Markets

of young people, so that they never take up smoking in the first place. A study by the world health organization estimated that in developed countries the price elasticity of demand for cigarettes was -0.4, meaning that for every 1% increase in the price of cigarettes, demand would fall 0.4% (Perucic, 2012). This is a win for government coffers, but a loss for the tobacco industry, including the farmers because they lose volume with every tax increase. Thus, taxation has served as a means both to raise state revenues, and as a means to curb its use. The case… Continue Reading...

Gender and Sexuality

Gender Inequity in Health: Why it exists and how we can change it." September 2007. world health organization. http://www.who.int/social_determinants/resources/csdh_media/wgekn_final_report_07.pdf. Accessed 13 October 2016. Continue Reading...

Working Women Breastfeeding

2009). It has been noted by King (2002) that on the international level, the UNICEF, WHO ( world health organization), WHA (World Health Assembly), and the ILO (International Labor Organization) have taken significant initiative to come up with programs and policies for breastfeeding protection, promotion and advocacy. The WHA's resolve to safeguard and encourage exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months, and offer safe, suitable complementary infant foods with ongoing breastfeeding until the child reaches the age of two is undoubtedly the most noteworthy one. Hence, action plans prove vital to supporting initiation and improving breastfeeding maintenance across the globe. An intensive… Continue Reading...

Community Health

and Evaluation of Worksite Health Promotion Programs - Current state of knowledge and implications for practice. world health organization. Grimm, I. (2014). Healthcare Regulations: Who Does What? Training and eTracking solutions. Retrieved from: http://www.yourtrainingprovider.com/blog_main/bid/203291/health-care-regulation-who-does-what HSE. (n.d.). The Health Promotion Strategic Framework. Ireland: Health Service Executive. Retrieved from: http://www.healthpromotion.ie/hp-files/docs/HPSF_HSE.pdf Kemm, J. (2001). Health impact assessment: a tool for healthy public policy. Health Promotion International, 16(1), 79 -- 85. Myers, S., & Stoto, M. A. (2006). Criteria for Assessing the Usefulness of Community Health Assessments [Product Page]. Retrieved October 6, 2016, from http://www.rand.org/pubs/technical_reports/TR314.html McLeroy, K. R., Norton, B. L., Kegler, M.… Continue Reading...

8 Issues Regarding Public Health in Brazil

to combat the spread of obesity. 3. Infectious diseases. As the world health organization notes, travelers to Brazil should be away of infectious diseases. Riding Brazil of these diseases is already underway and should continue so that travelers and tourists can come to Brazil without fear of being infected by a local disease. 4. Zika. Zika is a virus transmitted by mosquitoes that swept up through South and Central America in recent years. It is a very serious virus especially for pregnant mothers. Developing a vaccination for this virus should be a top priority for Brazil in the coming months.… Continue Reading...

Hiv Aids Infrastructures Around the World

Western Pacific regions (Global health observatory data, 2016). At present, the world health organization (WHO) reports that there are approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV / AIDS as of year-end 2015 and just under half (46.3%) or about 17 million of these sufferers were receiving some form of antiviral therapy, a figure that includes 2 million people who began treatment at some point during 2015 (HIV / AIDS, 2016). In addition, more than three-quarters (77%) of all pregnant women living with HIV / AIDS were being treated with medicines that are designed to prevent the disease's transmission from mother… Continue Reading...

Public Health Information

between bacterial and viral infections. Current opinion in infectious diseases, 20(3), 304-310. world health organization. (2016). Ebola virus disease. www.who.int Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/ world health organization. (2016). HIV / AIDS. www.who.int Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/ world health organization. (2016). Sexual and reproductive health. www.who.int Retrieved from http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/rtis/en/ world health organization. (2016). Tuberculosis. www.who.int Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs104/en/ Web MD. (2016). Bacterial and Viral Infections. Retrieved from: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/bacterial-and-viral-infections#1 Yu, Z., Jing, H., Hongtao, P., Furong, J., Yuting, J., Xu, S., & Venge, P. (2016). Distinction between bacterial and viral infections by serum measurement of human neutrophil lipocalin (HNL) and the impact of antibody… Continue Reading...

Generalized Statement Of Purpose for Masters

be able to understand how international health organizations like the world health organization use studies grounded in empirical evidence and statistics in order to transform the lives of millions of people worldwide. Whether I find work with this or another global health organization, this is where my passion lies. I do believe that the only way to help charitable organizations to thrive is through science. Evidence-based interventions are uniquely able to attract the funding they needs, because those that are rooted in faith-based organizations' chartable appeals will not have an intended effect on their communities. Instead, I see a… Continue Reading...

Hsms Gap Analysis Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments

Care and Maintenance. BS EN 458: 1994, BSI, London 16) Fact sheet, 258, 'Occupational and community noise', world health organization, revised 2001 17) Health and Safety Executive, nk, INDG275: Managing Health and Safety, Five Steps to success. HSE Publications, Sudbury 18) Construction (Design and Management) (Amendment) Regulations 2000 (SI 2000 No. 2380) 19) Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1966 (SI 1966 No. 95) 20) Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 (SI 1999 No. 3242) 21) Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1988 (SI 1998 No. 2306) 22) Work at Height Regulations 2005 (SI 2005 No.… Continue Reading...

Legalizing Sale Of Organs

root and cheer for such a result, there are people in world-renowned organizations and groups, even ones like the world health organization (WHO), that assert that many bioethicists and philosophers see the system that Silva and Tauber were trying to wield were instead an extension of the idea of autonomy. The fact that exploitation on a scale that almost rivals that of sex trafficking and similar endeavors is a very dangerous part of the paradigm scares away many, but not all, people when it comes to organ markets and sales frameworks (Rohter, 2004). One country that has legalized autonomous… Continue Reading...

Americana Group

lack of exercising. In accordance to Thomas (2009), Kuwait is placed at the eighth position in the world health organization confederation table of nations with overweight populaces. In addition, the nation is ranked amongst the top five with regard to prevalence in increasing rates of diabetes together with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia (Thomas, 2009). Despite the fact that government administrations in nations across the Middle East region are yet to efficaciously deal with this particular issue, or undertake stringent measures to put into effect healthy eating policies, and when such actions are undertaken, Americana… Continue Reading...

Healthy Meals Delivered to Elderly

their dietary requirements that are a necessary component to improving their health. The world health organization stated that the key to maintaining healthy weight was an affordable supply of fresh nutrient-rich foods; such access could be facilitated through a combination of agricultural subsidies, pricing policies, regulatory action, and consumer education. Such approaches involve a cooperation between governments, academia, and the food industry (Drewnoski & Darmon, 2005). "The United States is experiencing substantial increases in overweight and obesity that cut across ages, racial and ethnic groups, and both genders, has been increasing in every State in the Nation [and] has reached… Continue Reading...

The Impact Of Legislation on Violence

law, violence and guidance while promoting "the public health model of firearm injury prevention, as adopted by the world health organization's Global Campaign for Violence Prevention and the United Nations Programme of Action on small arms" (Alpers, 2017). The University of Sydney has, in this pursuit partnered with various organizations -- from the Injury Research Center at the Medical College of Wisconsin to the Institute for Economics and Peace, the Global Alliance on Armed Violence, and Conflict Armament Research. This site alone has proven to be a valuable resource tool when used in conjunction with searches conducted in Scholar.… Continue Reading...

School Violence Essay

the proposed study will use the definition of this term provided by the world health organization which states this is “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting In injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation” (cited in Kelly, 2014, p. 42). Research questions The following research questions will be used to develop the information needed to confirm or refute the proposed study’s hypotheses which immediately follow. What are the main causes of violence in… Continue Reading...

A Schizophrenia Brochure for Floridians

monitored for up to six months. Schizophrenia Who is Affected ? According to the world health organization, about 24 million people around the world are affected by schizophrenia. Men are 1.4 times more likely to suffer from schizophrenia than women The prime age group for individuals who suffer from schizophrenia are ages 20-32 Schizophrenia is not typically found in children or in older aged individuals. What is Schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder. Symptoms include: Hallucinations Paranoid delusions Exaggerated or distorted perceptions, beliefs or actions Confused or disordered thinking Problems concentrating The disorder accounts for “half of all admissions to psychiatric… Continue Reading...

Iran Bioethics and Biotechnology Issues

Organizations of Medical Sciences” or CIOMS in cooperation with the “ world health organization” WHO has given a several guidelines for biomedical research that makes use of human as subjects (Shahraz, 2002). In’s scientific accomplishments go a long way back. Before the arrival of Islam, it had been a leader in astronomy and mathematics. Nevertheless, like most of Middle East, its scientific supremacy deteriorated when the Renaissance era started in Europe during the fourteenth century. In the next few centuries, Iran grew gradually and also was not able to grasp its full scientific capacity (Saniei & De Vries, 2008). It's… Continue Reading...

Transitioning to Computers and Electronic Medical Records in Healthcare

problems can still arise to delays or prevent a successful conclusion to the change. According to the world health organization (WHO), electronic records “improve patient management, clinic efficiency and health outcomes” by ensuring coherency and continuity of care; particularly as people are more geographically mobile today and often transition between many different providers, the use of EMH can be vital (Jawhari et al. 2016, p. 247). But lack of system reliability can frustrate providers, as can a lack of interoperability between specific EHRs and other available systems (Jawhari et al. 2016) Transitioning to new EHRs and other healthcare technology… Continue Reading...

The Zika Virus Threat to the United States

A. (2016). Zika virus: diagnostics for an emerging pandemic threat. Journal of clinical microbiology, 54(4), 860-867. world health organization. (2016). Current Zika product pipeline. Current Zika product pipeline. Geneva (SW): world health organization. Zanluca, C., Melo, V. C. A. D., Mosimann, A. L. P., Santos, G. I. V. D., Santos, C. N. D. D., & Luz, K. (2015). First report of autochthonous transmission of Zika virus in Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 110(4), 569-572. Doi. 10.1590/0074-02760150192. Continue Reading...

Zika Virus Essay

trigger for Guillain-Barre syndrome. This evidence resulted in the world health organization classifying the Zika virus as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern in early 2016, and there have been outbreaks reported in 20 countries and territories since active surveillance began in earnest. This essay provides a brief description of the Zika virus and an analysis of recent and current trends in global Zika virus infections. The paper concludes with a summary of the research and important findings concerning this growing global public health threat. Introduction The U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that members of the… Continue Reading...

Obesity and Nursing Rates Of Care Community

global epidemic affecting almost all population cohorts. Rates of obesity are rising worldwide. According to the world health organization (WHO, 2013), the obesity epidemic “is not restricted to industrialized societies,” with millions of obesity-related cases burgeoning in developing countries (p. 1). With billions of cases worldwide, obesity has therefore been described as the “major health hazard of the 21st century,” (Zhang, Liu, Yao, et al., 2014, p. 5153). Given the global nature of the disease, clinical guidelines have become increasingly standardized, but it is still necessary to tailor interventions to specific populations to create age appropriate, culturally appropriate, and… Continue Reading...

Professional Accountability and Patient Safety

protect nurses from patient violence. These strategies will be explored elsewhere in this text. Impact on Patient Safety According to the world health organization –WHO (2018), patient safety has got to do with “the prevention of errors and adverse effects to patients associated with health care.” Generally, when nurses are subject of violence from patients, this could end up affecting their relations with the concerned patients. Strained relations could take the form of lack of affection and less empathy towards the said patients. This is more so the case given the fact that it is basic human nature to feel offended… Continue Reading...

Universal Healthcare

pragmatic reasons why universal healthcare makes sense for the American economy. According to the world health organization, countries that implement universal healthcare reforms have reduced their overall healthcare spending costs; if the United States adopted universal healthcare coverage the country would experience the same reductions in overall healthcare expenditures (world health organization, 2018). Thus, universal coverage could potentially reduce bloat and drive down costs, creating a more efficient, cost-effective, and ethical healthcare system in the process. Universal healthcare coverage would increase access to preventative care, thereby reducing the numbers and costs of emergency room visits, and promote a healthier… Continue Reading...

Health Public Policy Analysis

Introduction Since 1986, the world health organization has promoted a Healthy Communities/Healthy Cities initiative, also known as the Alliance for Healthy Cities, with hundreds of participating municipalities across the world (Hancock, 1993; world health organization, 2018). The purpose of the Alliance for Healthy Cities is to encourage local governments to incorporate health promotion into all areas of public practice, economic policy, and urban development (world health organization, 2018). Goals of the Healthy Communities/ Healthy Cities approach include reducing public health risks including obesity, and promoting healthy… Continue Reading...

Differences in Competencies Between the Adn Versus the Bsn Nurse

have actually been divergent recommendations for cord care put forth by the world health organization (WHO), based primarily on the setting where this takes place. The WHO “…advocates dry cord care for infants born in a hospital or in settings of low neonatal mortality and application of chlorhexidine solution or gel for infants born at home or in settings of high neonatal mortality” (Stewart & Benitz, 2016). This is because in settings where neonatality is high, there needs to be a stronger substance used in order to offer the child a higher level of protection of preventative care. Dry-based… Continue Reading...

Healthcare Delivery System Model

M. (2013). Health systems and services: the role of acute care. Bulletin of the world health organization, 91, 386-388. Kepros, J. P., & Opreanu, R. C. (2009). A new model for health care delivery. BMC Health Serv Res. 9 (57). Kumar, S., & Bano, S. (2017). Comparison and analysis of health care delivery systems: pakistan versus bangladesh. J Hosp Med Manage, 3(1). Mills, A. (2014) Health care systems in low-and middle-income countries. New England Journal of Medicine, 370, 552-557. Nishtar, S. (2006). The gateway paper: Health systems in Pakistan, a way forward. Pakistan's Health Policy Forum. Novillo-Ortiz & David,… Continue Reading...

Vaccinations Autism and the Argument over Mandatory

pressing danger of exposing the entire populace to preventable and deadly illnesses. According to the world health organization (n.d.), one in ten infants do not receive vaccinations—including in developing countries. Countries like the United States can afford universal mandatory vaccinations, and should mandate vaccinations based on ethical principles. References Flaherty, D.K. (2011). The vaccine-autism connection. Annals of Pharmacotherapy 45(10): 1302-1304. Fox, M. (2018). Vaccine rates are up, but so are refusals. NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/vaccine-rates-are-so-are-refusals-n838811 Pierik, R. (2016). Mandatory vaccination. Journal of Applied Psychology 35(2): 381-398. Pierik, R. (2017). On religious and secular exemptions: A case study of childhood vaccination… Continue Reading...

Elder Abuse

expectation of trust which causes harm or distress to an older person” (Jackson, 2016, p. 265). According the world health organization (2002), elder abuse tends to be manifested in a variety of forms: (a) physical abuse, (b) psychological abuse, (c) sexual abuse, (d) neglect, (e) abandonment, and (f) financial exploitation or theft. The main problem with the subject of elder abuse in the field of victimology is that the research is often too focused on the victim and does not shed enough light on the perpetrator and the various states of awareness that the perpetrator might actually have when… Continue Reading...

Obesity Definition

basically a formula that relates one\\'s weight to one\\'s height (MedicineNet.com, 2018). The world health organization also uses the same definitions of overweight and obese (WHO, 2018). The operational definition of obesity can be broken down further, into Obese Level I, II, and III, each with higher BMI levels. A BMI over 40 is considered morbid obesity (MacMillan, 2018). Credibility While the definition of obesity using BMI is uniform, it is not without its faults. There are several critiques of BMI. One is that it does not take into account muscle mass (Janiszewski, 2012). This is true, of course,… Continue Reading...

The Elderly and Dementia

treatments be developed. The disease is a significant concern for the elderly population as it is so prevalent. The world health organization estimates that 47 million people in the world have dementia and that the problem is getting worse: it is estimated that by 2030, 75 million people may have it (WHO, 2017). An estimated 5.7 million Americans currently suffer from a form of dementia (Alzheimer’s Association, 2018). The Study by Jensen and Padilla The study conducted by Jensen and Padilla was a systematic review that included both qualitative and quantitative studies in its review. The methods section of… Continue Reading...

Nursing Antibacterial Antimicrobial Antiviral Agents

fungi, viruses, protozoa, and helmiths (Greenwood & Irving, 2012; Musumeci & Puglisi, 2013). According to the world health organization (WHO, 2016), antimicrobials can be classified in various ways such as which microorganisms they target (such as antibacterial versus antiviral agents), their mechanisms or methods of intervention (such as penetration of cellular walls), or their utility in human medicine given some are considered “critically important,” due to their prevention of disease and death (p. 9). Because antimicrobial pharmacotherapy can lead to deleterious and unwanted side effects, it is important to properly identify the type of infection first and then administer… Continue Reading...

Why Vaccinations Should Be Compulsory

fail to receive any vaccinations at all (Global health observatory data, 2018). Result: The world health organization estimates that more than 134,000 children die from the otherwise-preventable disease measles each year, a statistic that translates into 15 deaths every hour of every day (Global health observatory data, 2018). Conclusion: Although the mortality due to diseases such as measles has been reduced significantly in recent years, compulsory vaccinations could help save an additional 1.5 millions of lives each year (Global health observatory data, 2018). 3. Universal vaccinations have been shown to be safe and effective. Example: Despite concerns over the connection… Continue Reading...

Development Of an Health Advocacy Campaign

the proportion of individuals with obesity in the United States is rising. According to the world health organization (WHO) statistics show that globally there are 2.3 billion adults that are overweight and more than 700 million are suffering from obesity (Jiang et al., 2016). In accordance to Chriqui (2013), obesity is an intricate issue necessitated large-scale, population-centered solutions. It has been ascertained that public policy approaches are pivotal implements in obesity prevention and reduction endeavors as they can be beneficial for all parties that are involved instead of basically altering the behaviors of one person at a time. Progressively… Continue Reading...

Health Care and Transparency Issues

to increase patient safety in the industry. For that reason the world health organization (2018) has made it a priority to address standardization by initiating the High 5s project “to facilitate the development, implementation and evaluation of standard operating procedures (SOPs) within to achieve measurable, significant and sustainable reductions in a number of challenging patient safety problems.” These developments are still needed and to improve safety, Gandalf and Merlino (n.d.) have discussed how transparency, healthcare reform, and critical issues such as market share play a role in the advancement of patient safety standardization in the industry. This paper will… Continue Reading...

Health Care and Obesity

on many communities that have gotten away from traditional, organic diets. As the world health organization (2018) points out, global obesity has tripled since 1975. This issue became a global health issue because of the rise of the global economy in the post-war period and the spread of products using high fructose corn syrup through global corporations like Coca-Cola, McDonald’s and many others. As countries around the world, both developed and developing, began opening their doors to these consumer food products, the population’s health began deteriorating resulting in obesity and other issues like diabetes, as happened in the Marshall… Continue Reading...

Nursing Shortage Essay

shortage is shocking, serving as a call to action among policymakers. According to the world health organization (WHO), over one million additional nurses are needed globally by 2020. The additional nurses need to be trained and licensed, but there are not enough nursing programs yet that can fill the demand. Every year, tens of thousands of nursing school applicants are being turned down not because they do not meet admissions requirements but because there are simply not enough nursing schools, programs, or teaching faculty to support them. According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, more than 60,000… Continue Reading...