Birth Defects in Pregnant Woman over 35 Essay

Total Length: 1241 words ( 4 double-spaced pages)

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High-Risk Pregnancies




Having a baby is a dream that many families have. Women in particular are associated with the idea and "dream" of having a child but men are pretty excited about it to when it comes, albeit also nervous. However, there is a danger when it comes to waiting too long before starting a family in terms of age. Whether it is career concerns, finding the right, the delaying of the marriage or what have you, there are multiple reasons that are common in today's society whereby women put off having families. An unfortunate byproduct of this pattern is that the risk of birth defects is much higher with children born of women over the age of 35. This report shall explore the precise and specific reasons that these birth defects why it is more common for women beyond the line stated in this proposal. Even with the increasing propensity of women to have women at older and older ages, the problems that arise beyond a certain age for women is without question and it is statistically consistent. While women should absolutely have the freedom to have children if they desire them and have the resources, doing so beyond the age of 35 has risks that are common and inherent and the precise causes and potential results need to be explored.

Literature Review




There are so many directions that one could go with the brief literature review that underpins this proposal. However, the author of those proposal will go in directions that are perhaps less traveled and well-known to people that are familiar with this subject. Indeed, one source reveals that evne with the higher propensity of fetuses to end up with birth defects when it comes to women that are older than 35, there are many women in that age group that actively avoid or at least procrastinate when it comes to taking those tests.

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While some women are averse to abortion as a means to avoid giving birth to a special needs child, it is something that women should choose with informed consent. However, many women avoid or delay this proper due diligence and this is not a new phenomenon. While general risk assessments and non-invasive screening can be useful, there are some other methods that are much more exhaustive and effective (Dunn, 2003).



Another dimension that truly exists but is not commonly looked at is who precisely to target when it comes to the screening for birth defects. Rather than simply cast a wide net and try to get as many people as possible with no specificity other than perhaps age, there are many that say that certain groups and cultures should get more scrutiny than others (Zhu et al., 2016). One last potential cause that can be mentioned has come to the surface when it comes to the recent Zika virus outbreak. Indeed, it has been found that there are extremely high and nasty risks of birth defects when it comes to women of any age that become infected with Zika. Why it is probably unlikely that other and more common viruses like influenza and the common cold are causing these sort of defects, the effects of bacterial and viral infections on women who are pregnant and their fetuses should probably get a higher amount of scruitiny based on what Zika is doing to many fetuses.

Methodology




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References


Dunn, A. (2003, March 13). Older women avoid birth defect tests. Age, The (Melbourne). p. 6.

Rasmussen, S. A., Jamieson, D. J., Honein, M. A., & Petersen, L. R. (2016). Zika Virus and Birth Defects -- Reviewing the Evidence for Causality. The New England Journal Of

Medicine, 374(20), 1981-1987. doi:10.1056/NEJMsr1604338

Zhu, Z., Cheng, Y., Yang, W., Li, D., Yang, X., Liu, D., &... Zeng, L. (2016). Who Should Be Targeted for the Prevention of Birth Defects? A Latent Class Analysis Based on a Large, Population-Based, Cross-Sectional Study in Shaanxi Province, Western China. Plos

ONE, 11(5), 1-16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155587

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