Key Resources Critical Infrastructure Essay

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Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources

NIPP (National Infrastructure Protection Plan) offers the necessary structure for coordination, synchronization and integration of activities originating from different pertinent statutes, presidential directives and national strategies for the creation of a combined countrywide approach for the implementation of the protection mission of CIKR (Moteff & Parfomak, 2004). The continuity and protection of CIKR is fundamental for national security, safety, vitality, lifestyle and public health. Critical infrastructure can be understood as the systems, networks and assets, virtual or physical (Fisher & Norman 2010). Critical infrastructure is quite fundamental to a nation to the extent that their destruction or incapacitation may cause a devastating impact on public health, national security, safety, or a combination of all (Moteff & Parfomak 2004). Critical infrastructure sectors include:

Food and Agriculture: This sector can be understood as the national animals, feeds, and feeds supply chain as well as the fertilizer, seeds and farm input supply chain alongside other such like materials. It also entails the supply chain for food components available in the post-harvesting period. It comprises of production, processing and packing, storage, distribution, retail, home consumption, restaurants, and food services for institutions (Fisher & Norman 2010).

Finance and Banking: The sector entails institutions entitled for the provision of services such as deposits, credit, liquidity products, payment systems, consumer credit, products for risk transfer such as insurance, and investment products (Moteff & Parfomak 2004).

Chemical: The sector can be apportioned into 5 principle segments that are dependent on the final product.
The final product may be the basic chemicals, agricultural chemicals, consumer products, pharmaceuticals, and specialty chemicals (Fisher & Norman 2010).

Commercial facilities: The sector is made up of 8 subsectors including: Real estate, Media and entertainment, outdoor events, lodging, resorts, sports leagues, public assembly, and retail. Public assembly entails convention centers, museums, zoos, aquariums, arenas and stadiums. Sports league entail sports federations, and professional sporting leagues. Lodgings entail conference centers, motels and hotels. Outdoor events include parades, campgrounds, fairs, amusement parks and theme parks (Moteff & Parfomak 2004).

Communications: The sector is made up of extensive communication infrastructure including cable, satellite, broadcasting, wire and wireless infrastructure, and other services like cable television, internet and information services (Moteff & Parfomak 2004).

Critical manufacturing: The sector entails manufacturers who are skilled in distribution, production and designing of products which other sectors do not cover. They include primary metal processing and production (Steel mills, ferroalloy, iron, aluminum, and alumina), machinery, electrical equipment, machinery (such as power transmission, turbines, and engines), aerospace products, rolling stock, railroad etc. (Fisher & Norman 2010).

Dams: The sector is characterized by networks, systems, functions and assets associated with navigation locks, hurricane barriers, dam projects, impoundments for mine tailings, and other water control and retention facilities (Moteff & Parfomak 2004). Dams offer social, environmental and economic benefits such as hydroelectric power production, water supply, navigation, waste management, recreation, flood control and wildlife habitation.

Defense industrial center: The sector.....

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References

Fisher, R., & Norman, M. (2010). Developing measurement indices to enhance protection and resilience of critical infrastructure and key resources. Journal of business continuity & emergency planning, 4(3), 191-206.

Moteff, J. (2005, February). Risk management and critical infrastructure protection: Assessing, integrating, and managing threats, vulnerabilities and consequences. Library of Congress Washington DC Congressional Research Service.

Moteff, J., & Parfomak, P. (2004, October). Critical infrastructure and key assets: definition and identification. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE.

O'Rourke, T. D. (2007). Critical infrastructure, interdependencies, and resilience. BRIDGE-Washington-National Academy of Engineering-, 37(1), 22.

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