Learning Culture and Memory Essay

Total Length: 2090 words ( 7 double-spaced pages)

Total Sources: 3

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A learning culture is an organizational practice, system and values that encourage and support individuals and organizations to increase performance levels, competence and knowledge. It promotes continuous support and improvement for an achievement of goals. Adjustment of current strategies can be done by adjusting to a trend, business model, capital model, launch strategy and making a great plan.

There are several ethical principles and professional standards of learning and cognition in the workplace. Some of them are; encouraging contact between faculty and student, developing cooperation between students, encouraging active learning and respecting adverse talents and learning techniques. Some implications that should be considered when working with others are; demonstrating respect at work, providing feedback with an impact, showing appreciation and overcoming fear of conflict.


Memory Suppression in Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s diseases is chronic degenerative disease of the neurons. It causes about 60-70% of dementia cases. The common early symptom is memory loss. An important memory challenge is the competition between inappropriate and appropriate information during the retrieval process. Controlled inhibitory processes normally helps in reduction of this competition by suppressing irrelevant memories. In Alzheimer’s disease, compromise of suppression results in a strong completion between irrelevant and relevant memories. Highlights of this issue are done through current reviews by studies’ examinations using the directed forgetting method in Alzheimer’s disease (El Haj, 2016).

The method in which people are given instructions to forget the irrelevant information is recommended for reflection of memory suppression. Studies that are directed towards the forgetting method suggest that the participants usually experience hard times when asked to suppress irrelevant information in destination, source, working and autobiographical memory (El Haj, 2016). Difficulties in irrelevant information suppression, as observed in Alzheimer’s disease, may cause retrieval of memory through activation of irrelevant memories at the expense of the ones that are relevant.

Ethics refers to the rules of conduct necessary during research work. A moral responsibility should be there to protect the participants from any harm. Despite how important the issue being investigates by psychologists might be, they still have a duty to respect the dignity and rights of participants of the research. This is an indication that they must abide by specific rules of conduct and moral principle (El Haj, 2016). Issues related to morals in rare occasions yield a right, wrong, unambiguous or simple answer. Therefore, it is usually a matter of judgment whether the research is justified or not. For instance, judgment can be made to see if the study causes any psychological or physical harm to the research participants. The participants have a right not to suffer any pain or even come to serious harm.

There are several principles of ethics that should be taken into account when doing a dissertation research. These ethical issues need to be beneficence and non-malfeasance. A researcher must obtain informed consent from the participants, give the participants the right to withdraw from the research work, minimize the risk of causing harm to the participants, avoid using deceptive practices and protect the participants’ confidentiality and anonymity.
However, there are instances where it is not desirable to get an informed consent from the participants. There are a times too when the researcher has to get permission from the participants not to protect their anonymity and confidentiality. In such occasion, the choices made should be reflection of the research strategy adopted to give dissertation guidance (El Haj, 2016).


Relations between Inductive Reasoning and Deductive Reasoning

Inductive reasoning involves reasoning in which support is provided to the conclusion by the premises. The conclusion id the probable or hypothesis – which means that it is part of inductive reasoning trying to prove. It is also called cause and effect reasoning. Deductive reasoning is reasoning where valid and true conclusion are developed by true premises. The conclusion must be true if the premises are true. General principles are used for creation of a specific conclusion (Heit, et al., 2010).

One of the most important questions that rises in research reasoning is the relationship between inductive and deductive reasoning. In an effort to addressing this question, concepts and methods were applied from memory research. Two experiments were used to examine the effects of premise-conclusion and logical validity similarity on arguments evaluation. In experiment 1, two dissociations were shown (Heit, et al., 2010). For a common arguments set, deduction judgments were affected by validity more and induction judgments were affected by similarity. In experiment two, fast deduction judgments were shown in terms of being influenced by similarity more and less influenced by validity. This was compared with deduction judgments that are slow.

The problem is that one of the inmates wants to commit suicide. However, the inmate who reports the issue doesn’t want to either call names or provide any further information regarding the reported issue. The alternatives to be explored in this case will be to keep the informer involved. Brainstorming for solutions to the suicide issue is another important step. Brainstorming is simply collection ideas and then screening them to find the ideas out of it. I will convince the reporter to give more information as the life of their fellow inmate will be at stake. Promising protection of confidentiality might also make the reporter confide in me more. However, when collecting the ideas from the reporter, I will try not to pass any judgment on the ideas being given. I will only listen carefully as I write them down (Heit, et al., 2010).

The consequences of this approach would be having to call out the reporter as a possible witness. However, this will expose him and not protect him hence put his life at risk. Some of the ethical considerations to protect the reporter would be; confidentiality, informed consent, anonymity, reducing risk of harm and providing the right to withdraw. Bias can be reduced in the decision making process through; obtaining a clear criteria in decision-making, holding decision-makers accountable, surveying employees’ confidentiality, rewarding employees and being transparent (Heit, et al., 2010). I would make a decision of finding the….....

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Ashford University Library

El Haj, M. (2016). Memory suppression in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurological sciences, 37(3), 337-343.

Heit, E., & Rotello, C. M. (2010). Relations between inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36(3), 805.

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