New Testament and Christianity Essay

Total Length: 1265 words ( 4 double-spaced pages)

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Page 1 of 4

Gospel: Gospel is a message that has contents on Jesus, God, salvation, the Kingdom of God, and everything that is done to reach out this message to the believers. Gospel is also one of the books in the New Testament talking about the life, death, resurrection, and the works of Jesus Christ.

• Original sin: Original sin refers to the tendency and deprivation to the evil that is seen as innate in all humankind and it is passed from Adam to all human beings, resulting from the sin engaged by Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. The sin is naturally adapted to every born human being, born of Adam being the initial sinner.

• Fundamentalism: Fundamentalism is a 20th-century religious movement emphasizing on a strict belief in the literal understanding and interpretation of the religious texts.

• Heresy: Heresy is a theory that is developed to be at strong variance with any sort of religious custom and beliefs. Heresy is a strong violation that is directed at critical religious teachings and beliefs, and its related general ideas especially held towards Christianity, Islam, and Judaism.

Q2

Inherent neglect of the traditional adjudications, adoption of new and modern ways of life and worship, abandonment of the key features of religious activities, the movement towards a more diversified culture amidst worship and traditions, among other issues affecting the manner in which the old evangelism is practiced in the modern times.

Q3

The first time that the New Testament began to take the form it has today is after the ascension of Jesus Christ and the coming of new thematic teachings on his life, the death, and his likely resurrection. This is the period after the first century.

Q4

The New Testament has varied kinds of texts including the local texts, the Alexandrian texts, the western texts, the caesarean texts, the Byzantine texts, and form of the western non-interpolations. All texts are critical to the development, the meaning, and the use of the New Testament in the form it has today.

Q5

The main events of Jesus as described in the New Testament include the birth, his baptism, and the performance of the miracles, teachings, sufferings, his death, resurrection, ascension, and the promised return. All these events are covered right from Mathew to revelation, which talks about the things to come after his ascension and the promised coming back.

Q6

Paul was one of the initial leaders of the early generation of Christians. He is considered as the second most important person after Jesus Christ. After his conversion on the way to Damascus, he later traveled tens of thousands of miles spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ after Jesus had died. He converted many.

Q7

"Supercession" means that every new medium becomes vanquished and subsumes to its predecessors. Several factors try to say more about the reality of this term.

Q9

The doctrine of Trinity infers to the perception and existence of the Kingdom of God as with three persons, God the Father, God the son, and God the Holy Spirit.
This person takes two natures as living as a person, taking the form of a human being, and being spiritual.

Q9

Missouri, the Emperor of Theodosius I, made Christianity as the state church of the Roman Empire with Nicene Christianity becoming the state church of the Roman Empire in 380 CE, with the Edict of Thessalonica. During this time, Emperor Theodosius I made the religion as the sole authorized religion in the empire.

Q10

Augustine was a Christian and an early theologian besides a philosopher. He made many theological and philosophical writings that influenced many Christians in the early development of the western Christianity. Augustine viewed the church and the state as two different entities that would never be the same as they had different givers of powers and pursued different issues.

Q11

Monasticism is a religious way of life where a person renounces the pursuit of the world things in order to pursue the spiritual works of life. Monks and nuns practice them. The Christian persecution early in Egypt led to many Christians abandoning their lives in the society and living in caves where they could dedicate their lives to Christ and his works. Many of them were killed although the practice is still common today.

Q12

• Baptism is a process where the grace of God enters the human soul.

• Eucharist: where the person takes up the body of Christ, the blood, and the soul, with the definition of the divinity of Jesus in the bread and wine

• Confirmation: is a special moment where the holy spirit is outpoured to confirm to the people the need for a Christian life

• Reconciliation: is the confession of sins to the priest as a way of bringing about renewal

• Anointing of the Sick: is a special moment where the grace of God is offered to those who are ill

• Marriage: is a unification of a man and a woman for self-giving love

• Holy Orders: where men are ordained to become bishops, priests, deacons, through the laying of hands and prayer by the Bishop.

Q13

He was a philosopher and a theologian and ranked as the most influential thinkers of the medieval scholasticism. He viewed that belief has to be backed with reason otherwise, it does not hold.

Q14.

Martin Luther was a social rights activist. John Calvin was an influential theologian from France. He was a pastor and a reformer who worked during the protestant reformation period. Luther believes that those who think right are saved.

Q15

Justification is a process where something is perceived as right and reasonable.

Q16

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